Issuu on Google+

FREN152 Tutorial B, week 4 Passé composé Review of test 1 Imperfect Formation – reminder Stem = …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Endings = je nous tu vous il, elle, on ils, elles Example 1: to speak = _ _ _ _ _ _ je tu il, elle, on

nous vous ils, elles

Example 2: to say = _ _ _ _ je tu il, elle, on

nous vous ils, elles

Example 3: to grow up = grandir je tu il, elle, on

nous vous ils, elles

When do we use the imperfect? Don’t feel cheated! 1 Continuous actions 2 Habitual actions 3 Emotion 4 Age 5 Time 6 Endless actions 7 Description Write sentences in English as examples of each of these descriptions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7


Imperfect chaque semaine, mois, année le week-end le lundi, le mardi...

every week, month, year

tous les jours le soir toujours normalement

on the weekends on Mondays, on Tuesdays... every day in the evenings always usually

d'habitude

usually

en général, généralement souvent parfois, quelquefois de temps en temps rarement autrefois

in general, generally often sometimes from time to time rarely formerly

Passé composé une semaine, one week, month, year un mois, un an un week-end one weekend lundi, mardi... on Monday, on Tuesday un jour un soir soudainement tout à coup, tout d'un coup une fois, deux fois... enfin

one day one evening suddenly all of a sudden

finalement plusieurs fois

in the end several times

once, twice... finally

L’impératif The imperative is used to give orders, make suggestions and give advice. To form the imperative is very easy: you use the tu, nous and vous forms of the present tense without the subject pronouns. For -ER verbs, you drop the final –s of the tu form. Example 1: to read = lire imperative = je lis tu lis ………………………………..... il, elle, on lit ………………………………..... nous lisons vous lisez ………………………………….. ils, elles lisent Example 2: chanter je chante tu chantes il, elle, on chante nous chantons vous chantez ils, elles chantent

imperative = ………………………………..... ………………………………..... ……………………………….....

Give it a go! Finish your homework! ……………………………………………………………………………… Take an umbrella (un parapluie)! ………………………………………………………………….. Choose something…………………………………………………………………………………… Let's go to the restaurant. ………………………………………………………………………….. Turn left, take the first street on the right and go straight ahead ………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….


In the negative form, the negative particles go around the verb. Don’t take this street. Ne prends pas cette rue. Don’t lose your passport. Ne perds pas ton passeport. Don’t go to Paris in August………………………………………………………………………… 3 verbs are irregular in the imperative form: être (to be): sois, soyons, soyez avoir (to have): aie, ayons, ayez savoir (to know): sache, sachons, sachez Don’t overtake To overtake = doubler ……………………………………………………………………………………….. Don’t start a fire To start a fire = allumer un feu ……………………………………………………………………………………….. Don’t fish here To fish = pècher ……………………………………………………………………………………….. Don’t wear a tie on Fridays To wear a tie: porter une cravate ……………………………………………………………………………………….. Don’t toot your horn opposite the hospital To toot one’s horn = klaxonner ……………………………………………………………………………………….. Don’t use your mobile phone here To use a mobile phone = utiliser un téléphone portable ……………………………………………………………………………………….. Don’t smoke near the building To smoke = fumer ………………………………………………………………………………………..


Révisions de vocabulaire – chapitre 6 a b c d e f g h i j 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

k

l

Letters = down A = north C= train station; line; traffic light D = to fall E = climb; I change = je _ _ _ _ _ _ F = castle; next to = à _ _ _ _ de I = then; to want K = to come L = read (imperative, singular form) M = left N = take (imperative, singular form) P = west; go down (imperative, plural ‘you’ form) R = to run S = more; close T = I get up = je me _ _ _ _ U = after; funny V = to die X = a road sign Z = alongside

m n

o

p

q

r

s

t

u

v

w x

y

z

Numbers = horizontal 2 = apple 3 = town hall = _ _ _ _ _ de ville 4 = towards = en _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ de 6 = my (feminine singular form); street 7 = or; is; happy 8 = underground station 10 = south 11 = underground 12 = to know 13 = to walk 14 = I travel = je _ _ _ _ _ _; a stop sign = un _ ___ 15 = a travel agency 16 = before 17 = discover (imperative, singular form) 18 = opposite = en _ _ _ _ de; green 20 = the (masculine, singular form); wall 22 = the right = la _ _ _ _ _ _; quickly 23 = fast


FREN152 Tutorial B, week 4 Keys Passé composé Review of test 1 Imperfect Formation – reminder Stem = ‘nous’ form of the present, without -ons, i.e. nous marchons > stem = marchEndings = je -ais nous -ions tu -ais vous -iez il, elle, on -ait ils, elles -aient Example 1: to speak = parler je parlais tu parlais il, elle, on parlait

nous vous ils, elles

parlions parliez parlaient

Example 2: to say = dire je disais tu disais il, elle, on disait

nous vous ils, elles

disions disiez disaient

Example 3: to grow up = grandir je grandissais tu grandissais il, elle, on grandissait

nous vous ils, elles

grandissions grandissiez grandissaient

When do we use the imperfect? Don’t feel cheated! 1 Continuous actions 2 Habitual actions 3 Emotion 4 Age 5 Time 6 Endless actions 7 Description Write sentences in English as examples of each of these descriptions 1 I was reading books all the time when I was a kid = Je lisais des livres tout le temps quand j’étais petite. 2 I swam everyday = Je nageais tous les jours. 3 I was happy = J’étais heureux / heureuse 4 He was 71 = Il avait soixante et onze ans. 5 It was 10pm = Il était 22h. 6 He always had a nice word to say when we met by chance. = Il avait toujours un mot gentil quand nous nous rencontrions par hazard. 7 The weather was beautiful = Il faisait beau.


Imperfect chaque semaine, mois, année le week-end le lundi, le mardi...

every week, month, year

tous les jours le soir toujours normalement

on the weekends on Mondays, on Tuesdays... every day in the evenings Always Usually

d'habitude

Usually

en général, généralement souvent parfois, quelquefois de temps en temps rarement autrefois

in general, generally Often Sometimes from time to time Rarely Formerly

Passé composé une semaine, one week, month, year un mois, un an un week-end one weekend lundi, mardi... on Monday, on Tuesday un jour un soir soudainement tout à coup, tout d'un coup une fois, deux fois... enfin

one day one evening suddenly all of a sudden

finalement plusieurs fois

in the end several times

once, twice... finally

L’impératif The imperative is used to give orders, make suggestions and give advice. To form the imperative is very easy: you use the tu, nous and vous forms of the present tense without the subject pronouns. For -ER verbs, you drop the final –s of the tu form. Example 1: to read = lire imperative = je lis tu lis Lis il, elle, on lit Lisons nous lisons vous lisez Lisez ils, elles lisent Example 2: chanter je chante tu chantes il, elle, on chante nous chantons vous chantez ils, elles chantent

imperative = Chante Chantons Chantez

Give it a go! Finish your homework! Finis tes devoirs / finissez vos devoirs. Take an umbrella (un parapluie)! Prends / Prenez un parapluie. Choose something Choisissez / Choisis quelque chose. Let's go to the restaurant. Allons au restaurant


Turn left, take the first street on the right and go straight ahead Tourne à gauche, prends la première rue à droite et va tout droit / Tournez à gauche, prenez la première rue à droite et allez tout droit In the negative form, the negative particles go around the verb. Don’t take this street. Ne prends pas cette rue. Don’t lose your passport. Ne perds pas ton passeport. Don’t go to Paris in August Ne va pas/ N’allez pas à Paris en août 3 verbs are irregular in the imperative form: être (to be): sois, soyons, soyez avoir (to have): aie, ayons, ayez savoir (to know): sache, sachons, sachez Don’t overtake To overtake = doubler Ne doublez pas. Don’t start a fire To start a fire = allumer un feu N;allumez pas de feu. Don’t fish here To fish = pècher Ne pèchez pas ici. Don’t wear a tie on Fridays To wear a tie: porter une cravate Ne portez pas de cravat le vendredi. Don’t toot your horn opposite the hospital To toot one’s horn = klaxonner Ne klaxonnez pas en face de l’hôpital Don’t use your mobile phone here To use a mobile phone = utiliser un téléphone portable N’utilisez pas votre téléphone portable ici. Don’t smoke near the building To smoke = fumer Ne fumez pas près du bâtiment


Révisions de vocabulaire – chapitre 6 Letters = down A = north C= train station; line; traffic light D = to fall E = climb; I change = je _ _ _ _ _ _ F = castle; next to = à _ _ _ _ de I = then; to want K = to come L = read (imperative, singular form) M = left N = take (imperative, singular form) P = west; go down (imperative, plural ‘you’ form) R = to run S = more; close T = I get up = je me _ _ _ _ U = after; funny V = to die X = a road sign Z = alongside

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

a b N O R D I

c

d

G A R E E

e

f g C H A C T I E M A O U N T E R O

h

i

j

k

Numbers = horizontal 2 = apple 3 = town hall = _ _ _ _ _ de ville 4 = towards = en _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ de 6 = my (feminine singular form); street 7 = or; is; happy 8 = underground station 10 = south 11 = underground 12 = to know 13 = to walk 14 = I travel = je _ _ _ _ _ _; a stop sign = un ____ 15 = a travel agency 16 = before 17 = discover (imperative, singular form) 18 = opposite = en _ _ _ _ de; green 20 = the (masculine, singular form); wall 22 = the right = la _ _ _ _ _ _; quickly 23 = fast

l

m n

o

p

E H O O N U S P E R U E R S L I L E S T I S T A T I O N G E S D N S U D M E T E O S M A R C H E R C B V O Y A G E A G E N C E E N R O A V A N T D T O I G D E F A C E U R A Z E H L U U A O C N I H G D R O I T E E R A

q

r

s

t

u

v

w x

P O M M E T E L O U U S R I H E U R E

P R A V O I C H E C C O U V U R I L R E V P I D E

A P R E S T

y

U X

L O N G E A N R T

D R E O L E

O P A N N V E A M U R

I

E

T

z


FREN152 Tutorial B, Week 4