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FREN152 – Tutorial B, week 1 Le passé composé Formation = …………………………… + …………………………………… The 2 auxiliary verbs are: …………………………………… & …………………………………… They are conjugated in the …………………………………….tense. When you use être, what happens to the past participle? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… When do we use the auxiliary verb avoir? And what about être? avoir:…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… être:……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Use of passé composé We use it in speaking or writing to describe a completed action. 1. Hier soir j’ai regardé la télévision. Last night I watched TV. 2. Je suis allée à Sydney dimanche dernier. I went to Sydney last Sunday.

This is Oscar and Amandine. Can you tell which one of them said sentence 1 and which one of them said sentence 2? How do you know?

Exercice 2, page 67 (EoF). Complete the following sentences using the passé composé of the verb in brackets. 1. Nous …………………………………………….. (voyager) en Europe l'année dernière. 2. Est-ce que tu …………………………………………….. (jouer) de la flûte? 3. La dame …………………………………………….. (essayer) de calmer l'enfant perdu. 4. Le chien des voisins …………………………………………….. (aboyer) toute la nuit. 5. Qu'est-ce qu'elles …………………………………………….. (demander) au directeur? 6. On …………………………………………….. (sonner) 5 fois à la porte. 7. Vous …………………………………………….. (déranger) les voisins avec votre musique. 8. Je …………………………………………….. (fumer) trois cigarettes ce matin. 9. A quelle heure est-ce qu'on …………………………………………….. (partir) ? 10. Tu…………………………………………….. (écouter) le CD pour ce devoir? 11. Vous …………………………………………….. (nettoyer) votre maison? 12. Je …………………………………………….. (trouver) ce mot dans le dictionnaire. 13. Nous …………………………………………….. (compléter) l'exercice à la maison. 14. Le serveur…………………………………………….. (apporter) des boissons à tout le groupe. 15. Tu …………………………………………….. (ranger) tes affaires? 16. Le lion …………………………………………….. (montrer) toutes ses dents. 17. Les enfants …………………………………………….. (lancer) des bisous à leur mère. 18. Vous…………………………………………….. (dîner) à quelle heure ce soir? 19. Félicitations! Vous…………………………………………….. (prononcer) le mot correctement. 20. La chanteuse…………………………………………….. (remercier) son public.


Voici La Linea – les aventures d’un petit personnage dessiné avec une ligne.

The man walked.

He fell.

He climbed on the line.

He wanted a longer line.

The hand drew a longer line.

The man met a turtle.

He climbed on the turtle.

The turtle turned right.

The man shouted at the turtle.

The turtle bit the man’s nose.

The man tried to escape.

Write the captions for this story in French. Would you like to see more? Watch La Linea in video here. The man fell again.

to walk: marcher on: sur longer: plus long(ue) to draw: dessiner a turtle: une tortue

The end.

to meet: rencontrer to turn right: tourner à droite to shout at someone: crier après quelqu’un to bite: mordre to try to escape: essayer de s’échapper


Your turn to draw! À ton tour de dessiner!

L’homme a nagé.

L’homme a rencontré un requin.

L’homme est sorti de l’eau.

L’homme a dormi sur la plage.

Un oiseau s’est posé sur l’homme.

L’homme a crié après l’oiseau.

L’oiseau est parti.

L’homme est allé au restaurant.

L’homme a mangé des spaghettis.

L’homme a bu de l’eau.

L’homme a payé l’adition.

Words you might want to look up: un requin: …………………………… la plage: …………………………….. se poser sur: ……………………….. Now that you know how to form the past participle of regular verbs, can you work out the infinitive form of the following verbs ?

Fin

a nagé = a dormi = a payé = Can you guess which verb has ‘bu’ as its past participle?


Allons au restaurant !

Voici le menu de la Crêperie Ty Breizh. Sous le menu, tu peux voir des ingrédients utilisés pour faire les crêpes. Trouve les ingrédients dans le menu (draw a line from each ingredient to its name on the menu).


Forming questions In French, what are the 3 ways to form a yes-no question? (reminder: a yes-no question is a question that does not start with a question word like qui, qu’est-ce que, quand, où, comment, pourquoi) 1. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Asking questions using the passé composé In English, when you use the present perfect, e.g. ‘I have ordered a chocolate pancake’, in what order do the subject, the auxiliary verb & the past participle appear in a question? Write the question in English here: ………………………………………………………………………………..

Here we use the example of the present perfect in English because, like the passé composé, it is a compound tense. However, it does not mean that when you translate from English to French you should use the passé composé where you had the present perfect. In fact, the passé composé is often used for the simple past in English (e.g. I ordered – j’ai commandé).

Now, let’s try in French with the sentence : ‘J’ai commandé une crêpe au chocolat.’ 1. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..


La semaine dernière, tes amis Oscar et Amandine sont allés à la Crêperie Ty Breizh. Tu voudrais y aller aussi, alors tu demandes à tes amis ce qu’ils ont pensé de leur repas.

Use the menu to ask and answer the questions below.

Speak with Oscar When did you go to the Crêperie Ty Breizh?

Speak with Amandine When did you go to the Crêperie Ty Breizh?

I went last Monday.

I went last Wednesday.

Which crêpe did you have (use the verb prendre, past participle = pris)?

Which crêpe did you have (use the verb prendre, past participle = pris)?

I had the Campagnarde.

I had the Popeye.

Did you like it?

Did you like it?

Yes.

Yes.

How much did it cost (use the verb coûter)?

How much did it cost (use the verb coûter)?

It cost € 9,50.

It cost € 6,30.

Did you have a dessert (use the verb prendre again)?

Did you have a dessert (use the verb prendre again)?

Yes, I had the strawberry jam pancake.

Yes, I had the honey pancake with vanilla icecream.

How much did it cost? How much did it cost? It cost ………………………… (you must find the information on the menu).

It cost ………………………… (you must find the information on the menu).


The negative form When you use the present perfect in English, what is the negative particle attached to: the auxiliary verb or the past participle? For example, use the negative form in this sentence ‘I have ordered a chocolate pancake.’ Answer: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Look at some examples in French Les joueurs n’ont pas chanté la Marseillaise. Tu n’as pas fini ton test. Elle n’est pas sortie hier soir. So, how do you form the negative in French?

Let’s use it. Can you say in French now en français Did Oscar have the Charleston? No, he didn’t have the Charleston.

Did Amandine have the strawberry jam pancake? No she didn’t have the strawberry jam pancake. Did Amandine go to the Crêperie Ty Breizh last Thursday? No, Amandine didn’t go the Crêperie Ty Breizh last Thursday.

Work for next week Complete exercise 3, p. 67 and exercise 8 p. 69 in Elements of French

Bibliography and credits McCArthy, Brian, Elements of French (2003) Denyer, M. et al., Version Originale (2009) La Linea : http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x1inwk_la-linea-001_fun Microsoft Cliparts


Keys Le passé composé Formation = auxiliary verb + past participle The 2 auxiliary verbs are: avoir & être They are conjugated in the present tense. When you use être, what happens to the past participle? It agrees in gender and number with the subject, e.g. elle est partie, ils sont allés. How do you choose between avoir & être? avoir is used with most verbs. être is used with reflexive verbs and ‘Dr and Mr Van Der Trampps’ verbs. Use of passé composé We use it in speaking or writing to describe a completed action. 1. Hier soir j’ai regardé la télévision. Last night I watched TV. sentence 1 = Oscar 2. Je suis allée à Sydney dimanche dernier. I went to Sydney last Sunday.

sentence 2 = Amandine because of the extra –e at the end of allée

Exercice 2, page 67 (EoF). Complete the following sentences using the passé composé of the verb in brackets. 1. Nous avons voyagé (voyager) en Europe l'année dernière. 2. Est-ce que tu as joué (jouer) de la flûte? 3. La dame a essayé (essayer) de calmer l'enfant perdu. 4. Le chien des voisins a aboyé (aboyer) toute la nuit. 5. Qu'est-ce qu'elles ont demandé (demander) au directeur? 6. On a sonné (sonner) 5 fois à la porte. 7. Vous avez dérangé (déranger) les voisins avec votre musique. 8. Je J’ai fumé (fumer) trois cigarettes ce matin. 9. A quelle heure est-ce qu'on est parti (partir) ? 10. Tu as écouté (écouter) le CD pour ce devoir? 11. Vous avez nettoyé (nettoyer) votre maison? 12. Je J’ai trouvé (trouver) ce mot dans le dictionnaire. 13. Nous avons complété (compléter) l'exercice à la maison. 14. Le serveur a apporté (apporter) des boissons à tout le groupe. 15. Tu as rangé (ranger) tes affaires? 16. Le lion a montré (montrer) toutes ses dents. 17. Les enfants ont lancé (lancer) des bisous à leur mère. 18. Vous avez dîné (dîner) à quelle heure ce soir? 19. Félicitations! Vous avez prononcé (prononcer) le mot correctement. 20. La chanteuse a remercié (remercier) son public.


Voici La Linea – les aventures d’un petit personnage dessiné avec une ligne.

The man walked. L’homme a marché.

He fell. Il est tombé.

He climbed on the line. Il est monté sur la ligne

He wanted a longer line. Il a voulu une ligne plus longue.

The hand drew a longer line. La main a dessiné une ligne plus longue.

The man met a turtle. L’homme a rencontré une tortue.

He climbed on the turtle. Il est monté sur la tortue.

The turtle turned right. La tortue a tourné à droite

The man shouted at the turtle. L’homme a crié après la tortue.

The turtle bit the man’s nose. La tortue a mordu le nez de l’homme.

The man tried to escape. L’homme a essayé de s’échapper. Write the captions for this story in French. Would you like to see more? Watch La Linea in video here.

The man fell again. L’homme est encore tombé.

The end. Fin.


Words you might want to look up: un requin: a shark la plage: the beach se poser sur: to land on Now that you know how to form the past participle of regular verbs, can you work out the infinitive form of the following verbs ? a nagé = nager a dormi = dormir a payé = payer Can you guess which verb has ‘bu’ as its past participle? C’est le verbe boire (to drink).


Allons au restaurant !


Forming questions In French, what are the 3 ways to form a yes-no question? (reminder: a yes-no question is a question that does not start with a question word like qui, qu’est-ce que, quand, où, comment, pourquoi) 1. Subject + verb (+complement) ? and raise intonation 2. Est-ce que subject + verb (+complement) ? and raise intonation 3. verb + subject (+complement) ? and raise intonation Asking questions using the passé composé In English, when you use the present perfect, e.g. ‘I have ordered a chocolate pancake’, in what order do the subject, the auxiliary verb & the past participle appear in a question? Write the question in English here: ……………………………………………………………………………….. Now, let’s try in French with the sentence : ‘J’ai commandé une crêpe au chocolat.’ 1. J’ai commandé une crêpe au chocolat ? 2. Est-ce que j’ai commandé une crêpe au chocolat ? 3. Ai-je commandé une crêpe au chocolat ?


Speak with Oscar When did you go to the Crêperie Ty Breizh? Quand es-tu allé à la Crêperie Ty Breizh?

Speak with Amandine When did you go to the Crêperie Ty Breizh? Quand es-tu allée à la Crêperie Ty Breizh?

I went last Monday. J’y suis allé lundi dernier.

I went last Wednesday. J’y suis allée mercredi dernier.

Which crêpe did you have (use the verb prendre, past participle = pris)? Tu as pris quelle crêpe?

Which crêpe did you have (use the verb prendre, past participle = pris)? Tu as pris quelle crêpe?

I had the Campagnarde. J’ai pris la Campagnarde.

I had the Popeye. J’ai pris la Popeye

Did you like it? Tu l’as aimée?

Did you like it? Tu l’as aimée?

Yes. Oui.

Yes. Oui.

How much did it cost (use the verb coûter)? Combien est-ce qu’elle a coûté ?

How much did it cost (use the verb coûter)? Combien est-ce qu’elle a coûté ?

It cost € 9,50. Elle a coûté € 9,50.

It cost € 6,30. Elle a coûté € 6,30.

Did you have a dessert (use the verb prendre again)? Est-ce que tu as pris un dessert?

Did you have a dessert (use the verb prendre again)? Est-ce que tu as pris un dessert?

Yes, I had the strawberry jam pancake. Oui, j’ai pris la crêpe à la confiture de fraise.

Yes, I had the honey pancake with vanilla icecream. Oui, j’ai pris la crêpe au miel et à la glace à la vanille.

How much did it cost? Combien est-ce qu’elle a coûté ? It cost ………………………… (you must find the information on the menu). Elle a coûté € 4,50.

How much did it cost? Combien est-ce qu’elle a coûté ? It cost ………………………… (you must find the information on the menu). Elle a coûté € 6,50.


The negative form When you use the present perfect in English, what is the negative particle attached to: the auxiliary verb or the past participle? For example, use the negative form in this sentence ‘I have ordered a chocolate pancake.’ Answer: I haven’t ordered a chocolate pancake. Look at some examples in French Les joueurs n’ont pas chanté la Marseillaise. Tu n’as pas fini ton test. Elle n’est pas sortie hier soir. So, how do you form the negative in French? The negative particles go around the auxiliary verb, so we have: subject + ne + auxiliary verb + pas (or plus or jamais) + past participle Let’s use it. Can you say in French now Did Oscar have the Charleston? Oscar a pris la Charleston? No, he didn’t have the Charleston. Non, il n’a pas pris la Charleston.

Did Amandine have the strawberry jam pancake? Est-ce qu’Amandine a pris la crêpe à la la confiture de fraise ? No she didn’t have the strawberry jam pancake. Non elle n’a pas pris la crêpe à la confiture de fraise.

Did Amandine go to the Crêperie Ty Breizh last Thursday? Amandine est allée à la Crêperie Ty Breizh jeudi dernier ? No, Amandine didn’t go the Crêperie Ty Breizh last Thursday. Non Amandine n’est pas allée à la Crêperie Ty Breizh jeudi dernier


FREN152 Tute B Week 1  

FREN152 Tute B Week 1 (with keys)

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