Issuu on Google+




9LD5RPD‡&DPLJOLDWHOOR6LODQR &6 ,WDO\ WHOHID[‡FHOO ZZZVDSHULHVDSRULGLFDODEULDLW‡ODGHD#DOLFHLW








%21,)$7,

)DURGL&DSR%RQLIDWL

,

ƒ·µ1ƒ·µ(

O QRVWUR YLDJJLR LQL]LD FRQ XQ IDUR FKH EHOOR QRQ q DQ]L GD XQ SXQWR GL YLVWD DUFKLWHWWRQLFR q IRUVH TXHOOR SL SRYHUR WUDTXHOOLFKHYLVLWHUHPRqLQIDWWLSRVWRVX XQ VHPSOLFLVVLPR WUDOLFFLR UHFLQWDWR GD XQ PXURELDQFR 0DFRPHWXWWLLYLDJJLELVRJQDSXULQL]LDUH GDTXDOFKHSDUWHFRVuQRLSDUWLDPRGDXQ IDUR QRQ EHOOR PD GD XQ SRVWR PHUDYL JOLRVR %RQLIDWL H OD VXD EHOOD IUD]LRQH GL &LWWDGHOOD GHO &DSR ORFDOLWj VXO 7LUUHQR FRVHQWLQRFKHLQTXHVWRQRVWURYLDJJLRqOD SRUWDGHOOD&DODEULD %RQL %R QLID IDWL WL &6 &6

&LW &LWWD WDGH GHOO OODDGH GHOO&D &DSR SRWWRUUHGL GL)HO )HOOD OD

&RQ PROWD SUREDELOLWj LO QRPH GL %RQLIDWL GHULYDGDOFDVWHOORIRUWH]]D&DVWHO%RQLIDWL· FKHHUDO·DQWLFRIHXGRGHL3DOPLHULHGHLGL 7DUVLDVLDPRWUDLOHGLO *OLVWRULFLGHOSRVWRULIHULVFRQRFKH%RQLIDWL q VWDWD IRQGDWD QHOOD VHFRQGD PHWj GHO 9, VHFRORD&GDL)RFHVLGL/LGLDFKHYLJLXQ VHURGDOO·$VLD0LQRUHLQIXJDGDL3HUVLDQL PD VX TXHVWR SXQWR FL VRQR PROWL LQWHUUR JDWLYL H SRFKH WHVWLPRQLDQ]H VFLHQWLILFKH %RQLIDWL q LO SDHVH GHOOH WRUUL FKH PHULWDQR GL HVVHUH YLVLWDWH FRVWUXLWH WUD LO  H LO VLWUDWWDGLTXDWWURWRUULFRVWLHUH GHO 7HOHJUDIRGHO&DSRGL)HOODH3DULVH SRVWH D GLIHVD GHOOH FRQWLQXH LQFXUVLRQL GD SDUWH GHLSLUDWL &RPSOHWDPHQWHGLVWUXWWDQHOWHUUHPRWRGHO GHOOD7RUUHGHO7HOHJUDIRUHVWDQRVROR GXH EORFFKL GL PXUDWXUD VL GLFH FKH VH XQ JLRUQR GRYHVVHUR FUROODUH DQFKH TXHVWL GXH XOWLPLEORFFKLODWRUUHULVRUJHUjHVDUjVHGH GHOODJXDUGLDGHOPDUHGLQRPH%RQDIDJLR XQDQXRYDGLYLQLWjFKHQDVFHUjGD*LRYHH 0LQHUYD H FKH SURWHJJHUj FKL QDYLJKHUj OH DFTXH GL &DODEULD FKH GLYHQWHUDQQR OH SL %RQLIDWL &6 &LWWDGHOODGHO&DSR




%RQLIDWL &6 &LWWDGHOODGHO&DSRVSLDJJJLD

VLFXUH GHO PRQGR 'L HWj QRUPDQQD q OD 7RUUHGL)HOODGHOSHULRGRGL5XJJHUR,,$O WHPSRGHOODVXDFRVWUX]LRQHSUREDELOPHQWH QHOFRPSUHQGHYDXQHGLILFLRDGLDFHQ WH GHVWLQDWR DOOH WUXSSH PLOLWDUL /·HGLILFLR GDO  q GLFKLDUDWR PRQXPHQWR QD]LR QDOH $WWXDOL SURSULHWDUL VRQR OD IDPLJOLD *RIIUHGRFKHORKDQQRGHVWLQDWRDVWUXWWXUD WXULVWLFD9LqSRLOD7RUUHGHO&DSRULVDOHDO ;9VHFUHFHQWHPHQWHDFTXLVWDWDHUHVWDX UDWDGDO&RPXQHqGLIRUPDFLOLQGULFD1HO  IX DGLELWD D WHOHJUDIR H GXUDQWH OD 3ULPDHOD6HFRQGDJXHUUDPRQGLDOHYHQQH XWLOL]]DWDGDOOD0DULQD0LOLWDUH,WDOLDQD ,QILQH DEELDPR OD 7RUUH 3DULVH GHO ;9, VHF GL IRUPD TXDGUDQJRODUH VLWXDWD LQ ]RQDVWD]LRQHDSRFKLPHWULGDOODVSLDJJLDq VWDWDDFTXLVWDWDGDO&RPXQHVXOILQLUHGHJOL DQQL2WWDQWD %RQLIDWLqXQOXRJRGDOJUDQGHIDVFLQRSHU JOLDPDQWLGHOODVWRULDHGHOODVWRULDGHOO·DU FKLWHWWXUDHGHOO·DUWHSHUFKpROWUHDOOHWRUUL PHULWDQRGLHVVHUHYLVLWDWLL3DOD]]LWXWWLGL



HSRFD RWWRFHQWHVFD 3DOD]]R GHO 3ULQFLSH WUDWXWWLqVLWXDWRQHOODSLD]]HWWD*LRYDQQL ;;,,,FRVWUXLWRGDL7HOHVLRDOODPHWjGHO ;9,,VHFVRQRYLVLELOLLOSRUWDOHHLOORJJLD WRDVHLDUFDWH 'D %RQLIDWL VL SRVVRQR IDFLOPHQWH UDJ JLXQJHUH ]RQH WXULVWLFKH FRPH 0DUDWHD 'LDPDQWHO·,VRODGL'LQRGRYHODOHJJHQGD YXROHFKHDSSURGz8OLVVHOD&RVWDGHL&HGUL RSSXUH ORFDOLWj VWRULFKH FRPH 3DSDVLGHUR DUHDDUFKHRORJLFDGLQRWHYROHLPSRUWDQ]D  L 3DUFKL QDWXUDOL GHOOD 6LOD H GHO 3ROOLQR QHOO·HQWURWHUUDRSSXUHLFHQWULGHOOD0DJQD *UHFLD6LEDUL&URWRQH,VROD&DSR5L]]XWR VXOYHUVDQWHLRQLFR 3HUFRQFOXGHUHXQSR·GLJDVWURQRPLDXQD YROWDJLXQWLD%RQLIDWLQRQVLSRVVRQRQRQ DVVDJJLDUH DOFXQL SLDWWL WLSLFL GHO SRVWR SDWDQL H ]DIDUDQL XQD IULWWXUD EHQ DPDO JDPDWD GL VRWWLOL IHWWH GL SDWDWH ORFDOL H GL SHSHURQL WDJOLDWL D VWULVFH OH SXUSHWWH ¶L PXDQFLDQH SROSHWWH DO VXJR R IULWWH  GL PHODQ]DQH WULWDWH HG LPSDVWDWH H O·RWWL PDVXSUDVVDWDGHO7LUUHQRXQPHUDYLJOLRVR LQVDFFDWR FRQVHUYDWR QHO JUDVVR GL PDLDOH (SHUILQLUHXQEXRQELFFKLHULQRGLOLTXRUH DO&HGURODYHUDPHUDYLJOLDHGLOYHURWHVRUR GHOODFXFLQDGLTXHVWDSDUWHGL&DODEULD %RQLIDWL &6 &LWWDGHOODGHO&DSR


3$2/$

3DDROD &6 FDVWHOOR

)DUR7RUUHGHO6RIILR

$

ƒ·µ1ƒ·µ(

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p OR VSLULWR GL 6LFD VL SRVDYD VXOODUXSHHVRIILDYDVXTXHOWUDWWRGLPDUH 'DO IDUR VL YHGRQR FROOLQH GDO SURILOR GROFH FKH DIIDFFLDQR VXO PDUH QRQFKp EHOOLVVLPH LQVHQDWXUH FKLXVH IUD URFFH GRYH LO FRORUH GHO PDUH q HVDOWDWR GDOOH URFFH ULFRSHUWH 3DROD &6 IDUR7RUUHGHO6RI¿R

GD YHJHWD]LRQH 8Q SDHVDJJLR VHPL UXUDOH FDUDWWHUL]]DWRGDJUDQGHHTXLOLEULRLOPDUH LQSULPRSLDQRIDGDFRQWUDSSXQWRDOFLHOR VXOORVIRQGRSRLODFRVWDFRQEHOODYHJHWD]LR QHGDFXLHVFRQRFRQGLVFUH]LRQHGHJOLHGLILFL VSDUVLTXDHOD/DYHJHWD]LRQHqXQHOHPHQWR GRPLQDQWHULVSHWWRDOO·HGLILFDWRPDGLVFUHWR ULVSHWWRDOPDUHVXFXLQRQSUHYDOH6HPEUD YHGHUH XQ PRQGR IDQWDVWLFR GDOOH FLPH DSSHQQLQLFKHHGDOPDUHSURIRQGR /HVSLDJJHGDOODVDEELDUXYLGDHJUDQXORVD JOL VFRJOL OD WUDVSDUHQ]D GHOOH DFTXH O·DI IDVFLQDQWH JLRFR GL FRORUL H OD OXFH GHL IRQ GDOLODSHVFRVLWjGHOPDUHVRQROHUHIHUHQ]H WLSLFKH GHOOD &RVWD WLUUHQLFD FDODEUHVH H GL TXHVWRWUDWWRLQSDUWLFRODUH ,O PDUH FKH VL YHGH GDO IDUR OD FXL SXOL]LD PHULWD DQFRUD OD SUHVHQ]D GHOOD FHUQLD VL UDJJLXQJHDWWUDYHUVRODFRPRGD66FKH FRVWHJJLD OD FRVWD ILQR D 5HJJLR &DODEULD FKLORPHWUL FKH PHULWDQR GL HVVHUH SHUFRUVL SHUJOLLPSDUHJJLDELOLSDQRUDPL ,Q VSOHQGLGD SRVL]LRQH FROOLQDUH TXHVWR q LO




3DROD &6

3D 6 6 6DQWX XDULR R GL GL6 6DQ)UDQF QFHHVFR FR

SRVWR PLJOLRUH SHU ULJHQHUDUH LQ SULPDYHUD FRUSRHDQLPDGRSRLOOXQJRLQYHUQRHULODV VDUVL QHO WLHSLGR DEEUDFFLR GHOOD QDWXUD LQ XQD PLVFHOD HVFOXVLYD GL FRORUL SURIXPL H VDSRULGLFXLODFRVWDFKHGDOuVLYHGHVLYHVWH GXUDQWH OD EHOOD VWDJLRQH XQD IHVWD SHU JOL RFFKLHSHULOSDODWR,OEHOSDHVDJJLRFRVWLH URqGDWRGDOO·DFFRVWDPHQWRGLXQHOHPHQWR PLVWHULRVRTXDOHLOPDUHD]]XUURHYHUGHHGL XQWHUUHQRRQGXODWRFRQDOWHUQDQ]DGLYHJH WD]LRQHHURFFHLQFXLJOLHOHPHQWLDQWURSLFL DEEDVWDQ]D GLVFUHWL VH SDUDJRQDWL DG DOWUL SRVWLGHOOD&DODEULD'DOIDURVLDPPLUDDG RFFKLRQXGRXQRGHJOLVFRUFLSLHVWHVLGHOOD &DODEULDHQHOODVXDYDVWLWjWHUULWRULDOHVRQR ULVFRQWUDELOL GLYHUVL DPELHQWL GDOOH ]RQH ERVFKLYHDOOH]RQHPDULQH 3HUDPPLUDUHTXHVWRWHUULWRULRFRPHWXWWR TXHOORFKHIDGDFRQWRUQRDLIDULGL&DODEULD VL VXJJHULVFRQR HVFXUVLRQL QDWXUDOLVWLFKH 8QD YROWD D 3DROD QRQ SXz SRL PDQFDUH XQD YLVLWD DO 6DQWXDULR GL 6DQ )UDQFHVFR FKH VRUJH QHOOD SDUWH DOWD H FROOLQDUH GHOOD FLWWDGLQD LQ XQD YDOOH FRVWHJJLDWD GD XQ WRUUHQWH H ULFFD GL YHJHWD]LRQH Ë PHWD GL SHOOHJULQDJJLR GD WXWWD O·,WDOLD VSHFLDO PHQWHGDOOD&DODEULDGLFXL6DQ)UDQFHVFR



q SDWURQR &XVWRGLVFH SDUWH GHOOH VSRJOLH GHO6DQWR OHUHVWDQWLVLWURYDQRD7RXUVLQ )UDQFLD  /D EDVLOLFD DQWLFD LQ VWLOH URPD QLFRULVDOHQWHDO;9,VHFRORqFRPSRVWDGD XQ·DPSLDDXODSULQFLSDOHSLXWWRVWRVSRJOLDH GDXQ·XQLFDQDYDWDODWHUDOHDGHVWUDOXQJR OD TXDOH VL DSURQR TXDWWUR FDSSHOOHWWH FKH KDLOVXRFXOPLQHQHOODLPSRQHQWHFDSSHOOD EDURFFD FKH FXVWRGLVFH OH SRFKH UHOLTXLH GL 6DQ )UDQFHVFR SHUYHQXWH D 3DROD IUD FXL DOFXQL VXRL DELWL H IUDPPHQWL GL RVVD 1HO FKLRVWURGHO6DQWXDULRFKLXVRYHUVRO·HVWHU QRFRQYHWUDWHVLWURYDLOURVHWRGHO6DQWR FKH FRVWLWXLVFH RJJL XQ IROWR JLDUGLQR H RVSLWD OXQJR OH VXH SDUHWL LQWHUQH DIIUHVFKL UDIILJXUDQWLLSULQFLSDOLHSLVRGLGHOODYLWDGL 6DQ)UDQFHVFR$GLDFHQWHDGHVVRWURYLDPR LOURPLWRULRGHO6DQ)UDQFHVFRXQLQVLHPHGL DQJXVWLVSD]LVRWWHUUDQHLFKHFRVWLWXLURQRLO SULPRQXFOHRGLFHQRELRSHULO6DQWRHSHUL VXRLFRQIUDWHOOL)UDLOFKLRVWURHODEDVLOLFD DQWLFDVLHUJHLOFDPSDQLOHGHOWHPSLR 8QD FXULRVLWj SHU FRQFOXGHUH VL UDFFRQWD FKH OD 7RUUH GHO 6RIILR VLD PDJLFD SHU JOL LQQDPRUDWL 6H VLHWH LQ YHQD GL URPDQWLFL VPRIRUVHSXzYDOHUODSHQDSURYDUHFRQ ODEHQHGL]LRQHGL6DQ)UDQFHVFR


*,==(5,$

)DURGL&DSR6XYHUR

,

ƒ·µ1ƒ·µ(

OIDURqIDFLOPHQWHYLVLELOHODODQWHUQD VL QRWD DQFKH GDOO·DXWRVWUDGD FRQ OD WRUUHELDQFDDOWDEHQPHWULSRVWDYLFLQR DG XQ·DOWUD WRUUHWWD PR]]DWD FKH HUD OD EDVH SROLJRQDOH GHO YHFFKLR IDUR DWWLYDWR QHOHSRVWRVXOODEDVHGHOWHUUD]]RGHO IDULVWD/DQXRYDWRUUHqPROWRSLUHFHQ WHqVWDWDULIDWWDQHOFRQXQDODQWHU QDFKHVYHWWDGDXQ·DOWH]]DGLPHWULVXO OLYHOORGHOPDUH /D OHJJHQGD YXROH FKH LQ TXHVWR SRVWR 7HOLDFODXQDGHOOHFLQTXDQWD1HUHLGL JHQ WLOL H EHQHILFKH DVVLVWHQWL GHOOD GHD GHO PDUH7HWL SDVVDYDJOLLQYHUQLSHULFOLPD PLWHPDXQJLRUQRXQJLRYDQHGHOSRVWR XQ WDOH $VLPPDFR YHGHQGROD LQ WXWWD OD VXD EHOOH]]D VH QH LQQDPRUz 7HOLDFOD FKH QRQYROHYDXQLUVLDGXRPRSHUSRUUHILQH DOOHLQVLVWHQ]HGHOJLRYDQHORWUDVIRUPzLQ DOWXUD H OR SRVH QHO SRVWR FKH SL DPDYD SHUODEHOOLVVLPDYLVXDOHFKHRIIULYDHOHLFL VL VHGHWWH VRSUD D SUHQGHUH LO VROH ,QIDWWL DOFXQLSHVFDWRULDQFRUDRJJLDIIHUPDQRFKH TXDQGRODJLRUQDWDqOLPSLGDLQTXHOSRVWR GDOPDUHVHPEUDVFRUJHUVLLQORQWDQDQ]DOD *L]]HULD&=IDURGL&DSR6XYHUR

*L]]HULD&=IDURGL&DSR6XYHURR

VDJRPDGLXQDJUDQGHVLUHQD,OIDURVRUJH LQ XQR GHJOL DQJROL SL EHOOL GHOOD FRVWD WLUUHQLFD FDODEUHVH VXOO·RPRQLPR SURPRQ WRULRFKHVLSURWHQGHYHUVROH,VROH(ROLHH FKHGHOLPLWDLO*ROIRGL6(XIHPLD ,PPHUVR LQ XQ DPSLR SDUFR QDWXUDOH HG LQ SRVL]LRQH SDQRUDPLFD VXO PDUH q XEL FDWR LQ RWWLPD SRVL]LRQH SHU UDJJLXQJHUH OH SULQFLSDOL PHWH FXOWXUDOL GHOOD UHJLRQH /DVWRULDGHOSDHVHGRSRODGLVWUX]LRQHGD SDUWHGHL6DUDFHQLDYYHQXWDYHUVRODILQH GHOO·DQQR0LOOHqFHQWUDWDSUHYDOHQWHPHQ WH VXO PRQDVWHUR JUHFR GL 6DQ 1LFROD XQ SLFFRORFHQWURGLSRFKLDELWDQWLDOORJJLDWL SHUORSLLQSDJOLDLHGDELWXUL,OFHQRELR FKHVRUJHYDVXXQWHUUHQRDSSDUWHQHQWHDL &DYDOLHULGL0DOWDKDDYXWRGDSSULPDXQD VXDYLWDDXWRQRPDGXUDWDILQRDTXDQGR 5REHUWR LO *XLVFDUGR ODWLQL]]DQGROR OR FRQFHVVH DOOD IDPRVD DEED]LD EHQHGHWWLQD GL6(XIHPLD ,QWRUQRDTXHVWDFRPXQLWjVLqVYLOXSSDWR SHUWDQWR LO SULPR QXFOHR GHOO·DELWDWR GL




5LFDGL 99 ORFDOLWj*URWWLFHOOH




6&,//$

)DUR&DVWHOOR5XIIR

8

ƒ·µ1ƒ·µ(

QDGHOOHWDQWHOHJJHQGHQDUUDFKHQHO SXQWRGRYHRUDVRUJHLOIDURYLDYHVVH VRJJLRUQDWRQHOD&,HPSVDOHILJOLRGL 0LFLSVDVLJQRUHGHOOD1XPLGLDLQYLDJJLR LQLQFRJQLWRD5RPD9LHUDXQDURFFDGRYH ,HPSVDOH SDVVz OD QRWWH XQD QRWWH WUDYD JOLDWD SHUFKp JOL DSSDUYH LQ VRJQR 6FLOOD QDVFRVWDLQXQDQWURSURIRQGRHWHQHEURVR FLUFRQGDWD GD VHL FDQL IHURFL FKH GLYRUDQR LO SDGUH 0LFLSVD HG LO UHJQR GL 1XPLGLD H 6FLOODGLFHYDD,HPSVDOHFKHVHIRVVHUHVWD WR LQ TXHO SRVWR GDO TXDOH VL GRPLQDYD OR 6WUHWWRDOORUDVDUHEEHVWDWRDOVLFXURPDVH VLIRVVHDOORQWDQDWRVDUHEEHPRUWRSUHVWRH JOLFRQVHJQzLO6HJUHWRSHUXQDEXRQDQDYL JD]LRQHGDVFULYHUHDOULVYHJOLRHVHSSHOOLUH QHL SUHVVL GHOOD URFFD GRYH OXL DOORJJLDYD H JOL GLVVH FKH TXDQGR TXDOFXQR OR DYHVVH WURYDWRVDUHEEHURILQLWLLSHULFROLSHULQDYL JDQWL QHOOR VWUHWWR ,O 6HJUHWR GLFHYD FKH WXWWLFRORURFKHDYUHEEHURYROWRORVJXDU GR YHUVR LO SRVWR GRYH RUD VRUJH LO IDUR HG DYHVVHUR VFRUVR XQR GHL FDQL GL 6FLOOD DOORUD DYUHEEHUR SRWXWR DWWUDYHUVDUH OR 6WUHWWRLQVLFXUH]]DDOWULPHQWLHUDPHJOLR 6FLO 6F LOOD OD 5& 5&

&K &KLD LDQD QDOH OHDHFD DVW VWHO HOOR OR5XI 5XIIR IR

6FFLOOOODD 5& 5& ID IDURFFDVW DVWH DV WHOOOR5 WHOO 5XXIIIR

GHVLVWHUHHULPDQGDUHO·DWWUDYHUVDPHQWR ,QIDWWLDQFRUDRJJLQDYLJDQGRYHUVRQRUG JXDUGDQGR FRQ DWWHQ]LRQH HG XQ SR· GL IDQWDVLDqIDFLOHVFRUJHUHWUDOHPRQWDJQH DFFDQWRDOIDURODVDJRPDGLXQFDQHFKH qEXRQDXVSLFLRDOODQDYLJD]LRQH ,QXQRGHLSXQWLSLDOWLGHOODFLWWjVLHUJH FRQODVXDLPSRQHQ]DLOIDURSRJJLDQGROD VXD EDVH DOO·LQWHUQR GHO FDVWHOOR QRUPDQQR FKH GLYLGH LGHDOPHQWH LO SRUWR GDOOD VSLDJ JLD 3HU DUULYDUH DOOD WRUUH VL SHUFRUUH TXHOORFKHXQWHPSRHUDLOSRQWHODYDWRLR GHO IRUWLQR GHOOD URFFD VDOHQGR JUDGLQL FKHPRVWUDQROHPXUDVSHVVHGLVWRULDGHO FDVWHOORLQWHUURWWHGDOOHQLFFKLHGDLSURILOL GHOOHVWDQ]HHGHLEDVWLRQL /D ODQWHUQD IXQ]LRQD GDO  H GL VHUD VHPEUDIDUHO·RFFKLROLQRDOODODQWHUQDVLFL OLDQDGL&DSR3HORUR 'LJLRUQRGDOIDURVLSRVVRQRDPPLUDUHOH PHUDYLJOLRVHVSDGDUH 1HOOD PROWLWXGLQH GL UDFFRQWL OHJJHQGDUL FKHDSSDUWHQJRQRDOODPLWRORJLDQXPHURVL VRQR TXHOOL FHQWUDWL VXOO·DPELHQWH PDULQR




0RWW 0R WWD D6D 6DQ*LRYDQ DQQL QL  5& 5& 

PD PDUH UHD D& &DS DSR RGH GHOO OO¶$ ¶$UP UPL




9,//$6$1*,29$11,

9LOOD6DQ*LRYDQQL 5& 3XQWD3H]]R

)DURGL3XQWD3H]]R

,

ƒ·µ1ƒ·µ(

O IDUR GL 3XQWD 3H]]R q VWDWR FRVWUXLWR QHODIDVFHELDQFKHHURVVHFRQXQD ODUJDEDVHDOWDPHWULVXOODTXDOHSRJJLD ODFXSRODFKHUDFFKLXGHODODQWHUQDJRQILDH ELDQFD/DODQWHUQDDGRWWLFDURWDQWHHPHW WH XQD OXFH YHUGH RJQL  VHFRQGL YLVLELOH SHUPLJOLDQDXWLFKH,QFDVLHFFH]LRQDOL SHUVHJQDODUHLOGLYLHWRGLQDYLJD]LRQHQHOOR 6WUHWWRGL0HVVLQDODOXFHqJLDOODHGqYLVL ELOHSHUPLJOLDQDXWLFKH , GXH IDUL VXOOH WHUUH RSSRVWH VL JXDUGDQR H OD ORUR SRVL]LRQH O·DOWUR VL WURYD D &DSR 3HORUR  SHU FRQYHQ]LRQH QDXWLFD ULFDOFD TXHOOD GHL IDQDOL JHPHOOL SRVWL DOO·LQJUHVVR 9LOOD6DQ*LRYDQQL 5& IDURGL3XQWD3H]]R

GHL SRUWL OD OXFH YHUGH GL &DSR 3HORUR H TXHOOD URVVD GL 3XQWD 3H]]R IDFLOLWDQR OH PDQRYUHDOO·LQWHUQRGHOOR6WUHWWR4XDOFXQR GLFH TXDQGR VL WURYD D QDYLJDUH TXHVWH DFTXH FKH LO PLWR GHL PRVWUL GL 6FLOOD H &DULGGL ERFFKH YRUDFL GHOOR 6WUHWWR FKH LQJRLDYDQRXRPLQLHQDYL VLqWUDVIRUPDWR LQTXHOORGHOOD6DOYH]]DRIIHUWRGDLGXHIDUL 6RQREHQYLVLELOHQHLSUHVVLGHOIDURLUHVWLGL XQDEDVHGLXQDWRUUHDUDJRQHVH 9LOODqIDPRVDSHUO·LQGXVWULDGHOOHSLSH'DO  D 9LOOD HUD DWWLYD XQD IDEEULFD IUDQ FHVH SHU OD SURGX]LRQH GL SLSH OD 9DVVDV VLWD QHL ORFDOL GHOO·H[ ILODQGD (UED OXQJR O·DWWXDOH YLD 0DULQD 9HUVR LO  YHQQH FHGXWDDOWRVFDQR(JLGLR'HLJLjGLUHWWRUH GHOOD VWHVVD DOORUD HUD GRWDWD GL FLUFD  VHJKHFLUFRODUL4XLVLSURGXFHYDQRHVLUDI ILQDYDQRSLSHLQUDGLFDGLHULFD,SURGRWWL GHOODIDEEULFDVXELYDQRODODYRUD]LRQHILQD OH QHOO·,WDOLD VHWWHQWULRQDOH VSHFLDOPHQWH D 0LODQR  LQ )UDQFLD LQ ,QJKLOWHUUD LQ *HUPDQLDHQHJOL6WDWL8QLWL 1HO VXR FXOPLQH OD IDEEULFD GL (JLGLR 'HL




/H&DVWHOODGL,VRODGL&DSR5L]]XWR .5 FDVWHOORDUDJRQHVH ;,,;9;9,VHFROR




,62/$',&$325,==872

,VRODGL&DSR5L 5L]] ]]XW XWR R . .5

5 ID IDURGL&DSR5L]]XWR

)DURGL&DSR5L]]XWR

,

ƒ·µ1ƒ·µ(

O IDUR GL &DSR 5L]]XWR DWWLYDWR QHO  q IXQ]LRQDQWH H VL WURYD WUD DOFXQH DELWD]LRQL TXDVL FRPH XQ FDP SDQLOH FKH VL OHYD WUD L WHWWL GL XQ ERUJR PHGLRHYDOH q FRVWLWXLWR GD XQD WRUUH D EDVH RWWDJRQDOH FRQ WURQFR SLUDPLGDOH DOWDPHWULO·HGLILFLRqGLXQSLDQRHOD OXFHFKHHPHWWHqGLGXHODPSLELDQFKLH URVVLDOWHUQDWLLQXQSHULRGRGLHFLVHFRQGL ,OSULPRJXDUGLDQRVLQDUUDFKHIRVVHXQ XRPR VROLWDULR H GL PROWL LQWHUHVVL FXOWX UDOL SDVVDYD OH VXH JLRUQDWH D OHJJHUH HG DYHYDLPSDUDWRLOJUHFRDQWLFRGDDXWRGL GDWWDXQJLRUQRHUDLOPDU]RGHO PHQWUH OHJJHYD LO ;,; OLEUR GHOO·,OLDGH GL 2PHUR QRWz FRQ JUDQGH VWXSRUH FKH JLj 2PHUR SDUDJRQDYD OR VIDYLOOLR GHOOR VFXGR GHOO·LUDWR $FKLOOH DG XQR GL TXHL IXRFKL FKH GDOOH DOWXUH UHQGRQR VLFXUD OD YLD DL QDYLJDQWL TXLQGL DG XQ IDUR FRVu RVVHUYzFKHQHOO·9,,,VHFRORD&HIRUVH ,VRODGL&DS SR5L]]XWR . 5 IDURGL&DSR5L]]XWR

DQFKHSULPDHVLVWHYDQRLIDUL´>$FKLOOH@ V·LPEUDFFLzORVFXGR&KHLPPHQVRHVDOGR GLORQWDQVSOHQGHD&RPHOXQDRTXDOIXRFR DL QDYLJDQWL 6RYU·DOWD DSSDUVR VROLWDULD FLPD4XDQGRORQWDQLGD·ORUFDULLOYHQWR /LWUDYDJOLDQHOPDU«µ YY  ,OJXDUGLDQRLQL]LzFRVuDIDQWDVWLFDUHXQD VWRULDURPDQ]DWDVXXQSULPRIDURVFULVVH PROWHSDJLQHDPDQRHTXHVWRSULPRIDUR ORIDFHYDVRUJHUHSURSULRD&DSR5L]]XWR SHU YROHUH GL 1HWWXQR GLR GHO PDUH FRQ XQDOXFHSRWHQWLVVLPDFKHQHOO·LPPDJLQD ULR GHOO·DXWRUH GRYHYD LOOXPLQDUH WXWWD OD *UHFLD,OPDQRVFULWWRYHQQHSRLSHUVRQRQ VHQHHEEHURPDLQRWL]LHVLSHQVDFKHIRUVH VLWUDWWLVRORXQDOHJJHQGDWUDPDQGDWDGD SDGUH LQ ILJOLR DQFKH VH TXDOFKH DQ]LDQR




GLFHFKHLOJXDUGLDQRXQDVHUDLQXQDFDQWL QDGHOSDHVHGL,VROD&DSR5L]]XWRUDFFRQ WzGLDYHUGLYLVRLOPDQRVFULWWRTXHOODFKH OXLFKLDPDYDODVWRULDYHUDGHOIDURGL&DSR 5L]]XWRLQGLHFLERWWLJOLHGLYHWURGLDYHUOH FKLXVHHUPHWLFDPHQWHDQFKHFRQFHUDODFFD H GL DYHUOH LQDELVVDWH OHJDWH OH XQH DOOH DOWUHDGLHFLPLJOLDGLQDQ]LDOIDURSHUFKq ODYHUDVWRULDHUDXQVHJUHWRFKHVRORDOXL HUD VWDWR ULYHODWR LQ VRJQR DGGLULWWXUD GD 2PHURHFKHTXLQGLGRYHYDHVVHUHFXVWRGL WRGDOPDUHHGD1HWWXQR $QFRUD RJJL TXDOFKH DSSDVVLRQDWR VL LPPHUJHDOODULFHUFDGHOOHERWWLJOLHPDQRQ qVWDWRPDLWURYDWRQXOOD&DSR5L]]XWRq LQ SURYLQFLD GL &URWRQH q XQD EHOOLVVLPD ORFDOLWjGLYLOOHJJLDWXUDOHVFRJOLHUHVFRVFH VHHLQHVSORUDWHFKHVHPEUDQRIDUHWXWWXQR FRQ L FRORUL FDQJLDQWL GHO FLHOR LO PDUH EHOOLVVLPR H WUDVSDUHQWH OD VDEELD ILQLVVL PD FRORU WL]LDQR IDQQR GHOO·$UHD 0DULQD 3URWHWWD ´&DSR 5L]]XWRµ XQ SDHVDJJLR HVFOXVLYRIDWWRGLEHOOH]]HQDWXUDOLVWLFKHGL QRWHYROHYDORUHHSUH]LRVLWj /XRJR LQGLFDWR IRUVH XQR GHL SL EHOOL G·(XURSDSHUJOLDPDQWLGHOOHHVSORUD]LRQL VXEDFTXHH q SRVVLELOH YHGHUH IDFLOPHQWH SROSL RFFKLDWH VDOSH DQHPRQL GL PDUH VDUDJKL FHUQLH EDUUDFXGD FKH QHL PHVL HVWLYLIRUPDQREDQFKLDUJHQWDWLHGDXQD GHFLQD G·DQQL DQFKH L FXULRVL SHVFL SDS SDJDOOR FKH GL VROLWR DELWDQR OH EDUULHUH FRUDOOLQH H VSHVVR q SRVVLELOH LQGLYLGXDUQH GHJOLHVHPSODULFRORUDWLDQFKHGDOODEDUFD &LVLLPEDWWHSRLLQYDULHVSHFLHGLULFFLH OD6WHOODURVVDFRPXQHHOD6WHOODVHUSHQWH QRQFKpO·RQGHJJLDUHOHJJLDGURGHLFHVSXJOL GL3RVLGRQLD2FHDQLFD,QSULPDYHUDqSRV VLELOHDYYLVWDUHGDOODPDJQLILFDYLVXDOHFKH RIIUHLOIDURGHOILQLHGHVHPSODULGLWDUWDUX JD&DUHWWD&DUHWWD



,VRODGL&DSR5L]]XWR .5 WRUUHDQJLRLQDGL&DSR5L]]XWR

1HO  LO SULPR VWXGLR PDL HIIHWWXD WR VXOOD SUHVHQ]D GL &RUDOOL 6FOHUDFWLQLD QHOO·$UHD 0DULQD 3URWHWWD &DSR 5L]]XWR DYHYD SHUPHVVR GL LGHQWLILFDUH  VSHFLH GLFRUDOOLGXUDQWHULOHYDPHQWLHIIHWWXDWLLQ LPPHUVLRQHVXEDFTXHDLQVLWLDOO·LQWHU QRGHOO·$UHD0DULQD3URWHWWD,ULOHYDPHQ WLGHOKDQQRSHUPHVVRGLFRQIHUPDUH ODSUHVHQ]DGHOOHVSHFLHULOHYDWHQHOH GL DPSOLDUH LO QXPHUR GL VLWL FDPSLRQDWL GD )UDQFHVFD 5LROR &DPSDJQD GL PRQL WRUDJJLR  LQHUHQWH DO ULOHYDPHQWRVL YHGDLQELEOLRJUDILD²S  'DOIDURHGDOOHPHUDYLJOLHQDWXUDOLVWLFKHVL SXz SRL SDVVDUH D YLVLWDUH LO SDHVH GL ,VROD &DSR5L]]XWRPDJDULIDFHQGRXQDVRVWDDO 'XRPR PHGLHYDOH PD ULFRVWUXLWR QHO ;9, VHFROR ULOHYDQWH SHU OD IDFFLDWD EDURFFD GDO SRUWDOHVFROSLWRPROWRULFFRHXQ·LQWHUHVVDQWH LFRQD FUHWHVH GHOOD VHFRQGD PHWj GHO ;9, VHFROR6LSXzSRLIDUHXQVDOWRDOODIUD]LRQH /H&DVWHOODGRYHqSRVVLELOHYLVLWDUHO·LPSR QHQWH IRUWLILFD]LRQH GL RULJLQH FLQTXHFHQWH VFDXELFDWDVXXQDSLFFRODSHQLVRODVXOPDUH


&52721(

&DSSR&RORQ RQQD QD .5 .5 ID I URGL L &DSR& &RORQQD QD

)DURGL&DSR&RORQQD

/

ƒ·µ1ƒ·µ(

DFLQLRQ FLRq ´3URPRQWRULR /DFLQLRµ HUD O·DQWLFR QRPH GHOO·DWWXDOH &DSR &RORQQDILQRDTXDOFKHVHFRORIDFKLDPD WR´&DSRGHOOH&RORQQHµËLOSURPRQWRULR FKH GHWHUPLQD LO OLPLWH RFFLGHQWDOH GHO *ROIR GL 7DUDQWR H DEEUDFFLD OD ]RQD FD ODEUHVHGL&URWRQHGRYHVRUJHYDLOWHPSLR GHGLFDWRDG+HUD/DFLQLD )LQR DO ;9, VHFROR HUDQR ULPDVWH DO ORUR SRVWR PROWH FRORQQH GHO WHPSLR GL +HUD /DFLQLD H SHU TXHVWR LO SURPRQWRULR HUD FKLDPDWR&DSRGHOOH&RORQQH ,O WHPSLR YHUR H SURSULR DYHYD OD FODVVLFD IRUPDGHLWHPSOLJUHFLXQLPSRQHQWHFRP SOHVVRGLFRORQQHLQVWLOHGRULFRDOWHROWUH  PHWUL H FRVWLWXLWH GD  URFFKL VFDQDODWL ,OWHWWRHUDGLODVWUHGLPDUPRHWHJROHLQ PDUPRSDULR1XOODVLVDGHOOHGHFRUD]LRQL FKHSHUzHUDQRFHUWRSUHVHQWLFRPHVLSXz GHGXUUHGDOULWURYDPHQWRGLXQDWHVWDIHP PLQLOHLQPDUPRGHOOD*UHFLDHSRFKLDOWUL &DS & &DSR &RO RORQ ORQQD QD .5 .5 .5



 &KLH &K LHVD VDGHO GHOOD OD0DG 0DGRQ RQQD QDGL GL&D &DSR SR& &RORQQQD

IUDPPHQWL /D FRORQQD LQ VWLOH GRULFR ILQR DO  HUD DIILDQFDWD GD XQ·DOWUD FDGXWD SRL SHU XQ WHUUHPRWR H SRJJLD VXL SRFKL UHVWL GHO SRVVHQWH VWLOREDWH 6IRUWXQDWDPHQWH YHQQH XWLOL]]DWR FRPH FDYD GL SLHWUH ODYRUDWH SHU LO FDVWHOOR LO SRUWRHLSDOD]]LQRELOLDULORFDOLILQRDFKH VRORXQDVROLWDULDFRORQQDULPDVHLQYLVWD GHL QDYLJDQWL HUHWWD IUD L UXGHUL ,O IDUR q VWDWR DWWLYDWR QHO  VX XQ HGLILFLR D GXH SLDQL VL DO]D XQ·LQWHUHVVDQWH WRUUH RWWDJRQDOHDOWDPHWUL /·HVVHUHLGHQWLILFDELOHFRQXQDFHUWDIDFLOL WjUHVHLO&DSR/DFLQLRSXQWRGLULIHULPHQ WRSHUODQDYLJD]LRQHHSHUODGHILQL]LRQHGL FRQILQL4XHVWRPHWRGRGLLQGLFDUHLOLPLWL GHOODQDYLJD]LRQHHOHDUHHGLLQIOXHQ]DHUD




7RUU 7R U H UU H 0H 0HOL OLVVD D . .5

5 ) )RU RUWL WLOL OLL]L ]LR R IH R IHXG XG GDO D H H ; ;9, 9,V 9, VHF V HFRO HF ROR

RO R




&,5Ó0$5,1$

)DURGL3XQWD$OLFH

(

ƒ·µ1ƒ·µ(

GLILFDWR QHO  LO IDUR GL 3XQWD $OLFHLQSURYLQFLDGL&URWRQHDGXQ FKLORPHWUR GD &LUz 0DULQD q HQWUDWR LQ IXQ]LRQHQHO 6LWUDWWDGLXQDWRUUHRWWDJRQDOHWURQFR SLUDPLGDOH DOWD  P VX HGLILFLR D GXH SLDQLYLFLQRDLUHVWLGHOWHPSLRGL$SROOR $OHR 9 VHF  &RQ PROWD SUREDELOLWj LO IDUR VRUJH VXO VLWR GHOO·DQWLFD FLWWj GL .ULPLVDIDPRVDQHOO·DQWLFKLWjSHULOVXR VDQWXDULR GHGLFDWR DG $SROOR $OHR GHO TXDOHDEELDPRUHVWLHUHSHUWL &LUz0DULQD .5 IDURGL3XQWD$OLFH

&LLUz Uz0 0DULQD . 5 IDURGL3XQWD$OLFHH

'DOIDURVLYHGHXQPDUHWUDVSDUHQWHHFUL VWDOOLQRFRQIRQGDOLGHJUDGDQWLHEDVVLHG XQD VSOHQGLGD VSLDJJLD GL VDEELD GRUDWD H PRUELGD FDUDWWHUL]]DWD GD XQ OLWRUDOH DPSLR H PROWR OXQJR LQFDVWRQDWD LQ XQ SDHVDJJLR GXQDOH FRQ EDVVH FROOLQH ULFR SHUWHGLHUEHHGXOLYL /D EHOOH]]D GL TXHVWD FRVWD VROLWDULD q XQLFD QHOOH VXH YLFLQDQ]H VL WURYD DQFKH ODIRFHGHOILXPH1HWRGLQRWHYROHLPSRU WDQ]DQDWXUDOLVWLFDLQTXDQWRYHQXWDDIDU SDUWHGLXQ·DUHDXPLGDSURWHWWDDELWDWDGD DLURQLHGDOWUHVSHFLHGLXFFHOOL /DOHJJHQGDYXROHFKHO·HURHGHOOD7HVVDJOLD )LORWWHWH DEELD IRQGDWR O·DQWLFD FLWWj GL .ULPLVDHGLQIDWWLVXOYLFLQRSURPRQWRULRGL 3XQWD$OLFHQHOVRQRVWDWLULQYHQXWL LUHVWLGLXQJUDQGH7HPSLRGL$SROOR$OHR /·$UHD $UFKHRORJLFD GL 3XQWD $OLFH GXQ TXHqLQWHUHVVDWDGDOVDQWXDULRGHGLFDWRDG $SROOR$OHRGDOO·HURHWHVVDOR)LORWWHWHFKH TXLFRQVDFUzOHIUHFFHGRQDWHJOLGD(UDFOH ,QRULJLQHLOWHPSLRGHO9,VHFRORD&HUD FRVWLWXLWR GD XQD FHOOD QDRV  IRUWHPHQWH DOOXQJDWD FKH [  FRPSOHWDPHQWH DSHUWD VXO ODWR RULHQWDOH H GLYLVD LQ GXH







9LD5RPD‡&DPLJOLDWHOOR6LODQR &6 ,WDO\ WHOHID[‡FHOO ZZZQHZVLODLW‡ODGHD#DOLFHLW





Lampi di Calabria