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Vernon U r b a n

M e t a b o l i c

D e n i s e M u E a r n e s t L i J i m m y T A r m a n d o S

S t u d i o

n o z t t l e a i l v a


Mapping

Readings

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Maps, Mapping, Modernity:

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*CARTOGRAPHY: the science or practice of drawing maps.

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ART & CARTOGRAPHY IN THE 20TH CENTURY DENIS COSGROVE

ART

CARTOGRAP

MEDIUM

PARALLELS

CONTENT SELECTION

EMPHASIS LINE

Mapping is conerncerned with the process and selection of specific documentation of a site’s performance and spatial representation.


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INDEPENDENT ANALYTICAL+

PHY

INDEPENDENT

REPORTIVE CARTOGRAPHY

ART

ANALYTICAL

MEDIUM

SCIENCE

REPORTIVE

INSTRUMENTATION MECHANIZATION

SYMBOLISM

SCIENCE

MECHANIZATION

SYMBOLISM

PARALLELS

CONTENT SELECTION

OBJECTIVE REPRESENTATION

OBJECTIVE REPRESENTATION DECISIONEMPHASIS

DECISION

COLOR COMPOSITION

LINE

COLOR COMPOSITION

FRAME

INSTRUMENTATION

FRAME

FORM PERSPECTIVE

FORM PERSPECTIVE

Urban mapping is a pictoral art practice that documents another performative art, the urban derive.


Mapping

Readings

03

GRAPHIC INTEGRITY & MAPPING COMPLEXITY

READINGS FROM THE EXPOSED CITY NADIA AMAROSO

KEVIN LYNCHE Mapping the image of a city Elements of cognitive mapping: path | edge | district | node | landmark Language of symbols

RICHARD SAUL WURMAN Information architect Organization of data & category Mapping is thoughtful organization of geographic information using visual strategies to understand urban compexity.


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EDWARD TUFTE Visual integrity = Graphic truth Mapping is designed representation of interesting data Selective clarity + data selection


Mapping

Readings

05

The Map - art

McHarg’s site-analysis mapping concept endures today because it showed the potentialities to convey site information in layered categories and color coding. Nadia Amoroso

The works of JAMES CORNER NADIA AMOROSO

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“Survey landscape accrued” Taking measures across the American Landscape.

IAN MCHARG 1 Dimmensional Mapping Natural + Social Aspects of site - Vegetation - hydrology - soil structure - geology - morphology - sun and shade areas - erosion - areas of sensitivity McHargian mapping. Lacks poetic flare to the modern eye. Potentials to convey site information.


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JAMES CORNER 2 Dimmensional Mapping Visual Architecture -selected + translated + organized + shaped Maps make visible what is otherwise invisible. Maps cannot depict everything. Metaphorical. Symbolic. Spatial Powers. Practical measures - scale + mathematical projections Poetic measures - artistic interpretations + cultural aspects Dynamic mapping. Logic + Creativity. Hidden Potentials. Ideas. Relationships. Possibilites. Eidetic. The piece as a whole is informative and attractive; more than that. it is rich with information for the viewer to decipher- information that may entice the viewer to learn more about the site and about its recurrent phenomena. Nadia Amoroso

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“Burnings� Taking measures across the American Landscape.


Mapping

Readings

07

DRAWINGS: THE MAPLANDSCAPES

READINGS FROM THE EXPOSED CITY NADIA AMAROSO

RICHARD SAUL WURMAN Informational graphics Urban mapping and data Logistic mapping and emphasized importance Precise representation of data on maps Spatially mapping data in two dimensions

EDWARD TUFTE One dimensional data mapping Field of information graphics Data and mapping Concise mapping and information

Data driven timeline

Data

Joseph R. Passonneau and Richard Saul Wurman, Urban Atlas: 20 American Cities

time


NADIA AMOROSO Data appropriate mapping representation Third dimensional spatial mapping Mapping through geo-spatial referencing

positive data

negative data

sloping data


Mapping

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THE AGENCY OF MAPPING:

Readings MAPPING - Dynamic - Experimenting with reality - Constructs the unconscious - Measures performance - Past, Present and Future

Commercial

Residential

SPECULATION, CRITIQUE & INVENTION JAMES CORNER

4 Thematic ways to practice Mapping -Drifts >Spatial Experiences >Disrupting any form that may be interpreted as capitalist power >increase public conscious and systematic every day life

Richard Long: 7 day circle of ground

-Layering >Superimposing various independent layers to produce heterogeneous and thickened surface

Streets


Efficacy of Technique Mercator’s Projection of earth’s surface vs. Fuller’s Dymaxion Projection: -Mapping of the same earth yet different results >Mercator: Distorted image with a dominating northern Hemesphere (Suited for Europeans and Americans)

TRACING - Literal - Alleged Competence - Redundancies

Buildings

Streets

>Fuller: Equal distribution, ability for multiple interpretations -Artists engage in creative cartography -Designers and planners are less ambitious Modern cartography emerges from the intergration of: -Social -Imaginative -Critical dimensions

Mapping and reality Jorge Luis Borges and Lewis Carroll’s life sized maps -Using life-sized maps are useless -Redundancy = useless-Territory no longer precedes the map -Generates models without origin or reality Mapping Operations Structure of mapping consisting of ‘fields’, ‘ extractions’, And ‘plotting’ -Fields: Conscious surface -Extractions: Data, quantities, forces and velocities -Plotting:“Drawing out” of old and new relationships.

Veloci ty

-Game board >Notions of Performance >Shared working and competing surfaces to work together and play out different scenarios

Distan ce

-Rhizomes >Connections of any point >No beginning nor end, no hierarchy and accentual


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