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Plant health management in Nepal Yubak Dhoj G. C., PhD Program Director Ministry of Agricultural Development Nepal Harihar Bhawan ++ 977 98511 28 1 29

Nepalese Agriculture Predominantly an agricultural country, 65.5% Major contribution in GDP: 42% Considerable scope: Increasing food production Un acceptable losses of biotic and abiotic factors: 30-35% Majority of growers: illiterate No or low attention on plant health improvement Formidable challenges in meeting food safety rules and standards

Scientists Research

Crop Losses Plant Clinics Farmers

Techniques Solutions

Lack of Guidance

Some Reasons for the Rapid Adoption of Plant Clinics: clinics are seen as the ‘missing link’ between farmers and expert institutions extension workers are able to reach more farmers in short time and at low cost farmer demand is captured directly at the clinics clinics are vehicles for dissemination of IPM technologies clinics help their communities stay alert to new diseases and emerging epidemics, and valuable synergies can be created between actors of the ‘healthcare system’

Plant Clinics under Plantwise-Nepal Partnership • Plant

clinics initiated through Global Plant Clinic in 2008 • Conducted mobile and permanent clinics with Government and NGOs • Plantwise launched in 2012 by CABI South Asia – India • Partnership established with agreements (involving Government i.e. MoAD, Academia and NGOs) • 71 persons trained on different modules • 18 clinics conducted started at different districts of Nepal • 28 fact sheets produced, data collection in process • Very encouraging response from farmers • Plan to involve extension and IPM programmes for upscaling by the Government in coming years

Importance of plant clinics Awareness

Direct help to growers

Gathers demand (for control) and supplies technologies Stimulates new networks, improves collaboration

How plant health clinics work

Surveillance of diseases

Strengthening farmers with healthy crops Crop Management


Results so far Kick start, 2008/09: CABI Initial emphasis: Capacity building Systematic penetration in GoN : 2011 by PPD and CABI India Module I Training : January 2011, PPD and CABI India Module II: April 2012 (PPD) Module II: January 2012, PPD and local experts, 25 Officers Module II: August 2012: PPD and CABI, Plantwise, 30 participants Module III: September 2012, PPD and CABI Plantwise, 30 participants

Implementing Plantwise in Nepal Elementary Step

Secondary Step

Technical Step Plant Health System

Studying about the crop- pest scenario

Capacity building Linking clinics to of plant protection diagnostic labs officers

Discussion with NPPO and match mandates with Government priority areas

Practical Scientific Linking diagnostic trainings on backstopping and labs to backstop diagnosis and validation of data clinics conducting clinics

Layout plan for working in Nepal with Government of Nepal

Conducting clinics as frontline workers in dealing with farmers

Feed the validated in Knowledge bank

Trained capacity available for National Plant Health System

Embedding plant clinics in Government system

Lessons learnt Poor knowledge on plant problem diagnosis skills Advisory services: pesticide dealers Seeking cure without sample diagnosis Control measures: On guess Result: losses in production, monetary value, non-target effects of chemical Plant clinic: Lately introduced CABI: great support in capacity building and clinical activities Government involvement: lately Plant clinics: Important components of IPM and food security Serve as a channel for communicating with farmers on emerging pest problems

Future needs: Capacity building of the Govt staff, farmers, input dealers Functional role: Govt (strength of infrastructure and human resources) Supportive role: Research, Teaching Institutes and Private organization Support: External (CABI and multi-partners association) Government role: Streamlining and scaling up Greater emphasis to the program-regularization

Thank you!

4_Yubak Nepal Plantwise_10April2013  
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