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Kype Magazine VOLUME 4, ISSUE 2, 2013

What is a Kype? A kype is a hook that forms on the lower jaw of a male trout, salmon or steelhead, during spawning periods. This is their badge of power and dominance, that is unique to only these species—a sign of a warrior. From this mark of strength comes the title of our magazine, KYPE.

Kype Magazine Castle Douglas Productions.LLC PO Box 2024 Anacortes, WA 98221 360.299.2266

Letter From the Publisher............................................4

Kype Staff

Unconventional Two-Handed Techniques..........................6

Publisher: George Douglas Staff Editor: Dominique Chatterjee

COPYRIGHT Kype Magazine Copyright © 2013 Castle Douglas Productions LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. May no part of this publication be copied or reproduced in any way without written permission from the publisher.

Flippin-Switch Rods......................................................10 Punk Rock Fly Fishing...................................................14 Jungle Fever................................................................18 Kype Vise, Modified Caddis...........................................24 Longevity For Nymphs..................................................26 The Yukon Experience...................................................28

This photograph was taken on the Sol Duc River, Olympic Peninsula, WA. It’s beautiful, clear water, numerous boulder gardens, fern covered banks and moss draped trees. However, these attributes also challenge both the angler’s ability to fish short drifts and pocket water, not to mention the irresistible distractions. At any minute, you expect to see a Hobbit sitting on the bank throwing you a peace sign.

A big thank you to my friend, Aaron O’Leary (The O’Leary Theory}, one of the best guides on the OP, for taking me fishing that day, anchoring me in a sweet run of steelhead holding boulders, and for taking this photo. Holding this beautiful buck was a blessing, and Aaron was able to get some pretty sweet underwater GoPro footage as I brought him to the net! Annie Waltz Kubicka

The Fishing Gods Bio: Publisher of Kype Magazine Ohio & N.Y. Fishing Guide Fishing Hall of Fame Inductee Fly Tier Type of Fishing: Fly, Spey, Spin, Pin & Plug Location: 1/2 the Year, Great Lakes 1/2 the Year, West Coast Filming everywhere else Website: Contact Info:


During the last two years, I had the privilege to write a book focusing on the top fifteen fishing guides on the continent. This list came together by way of referrals, starting with the elite in the industry. It was like choosing a sporting team: some were cut, some we couldn’t locate at first, but when we were done and my bulletin board was covered with their photos, I knew we had something special. Each angler had their own unique quality, ranging from specializing in Atlantic salmon to native trout with, of course, salmon and steelhead in between. I personally interviewed each angler and recorded our phone calls, lasting around ninety minutes apiece. These conversations were filled with fishing knowledge and passion as I asked questions concerning their upbringing in fishing, advice for anglers, recommended techniques, equipment, their favorite go-to fly (including how to make it), and their fishing philosophies. Fly fishing legend Dec Hogan wrote the foreword that captured the essence of guiding and the special connection between the guide and their clients. Each angler then sent their flies to Dec and Marty Howard, who recreated each one, photographing and documenting the step-by-step process. All this information was then written and paginated in one book—The Fishing Gods. The title has zero religious meaning, nor do we call any angler a Fishing God, but it points to the energy that surrounds the sport of flyfishing that anglers often refer to as the Fishing Gods. In the afterword, I tried to express how I was impacted during this project, especially during the interviews. Collectively, these anglers challenged me with their unique mindsets, appreciation for the sport, and their philosophies. Subjects were discussed that I never thought about before, and I also realized that my heart was not in the right place. I would listen to the recordings over and over until I felt that I personally knew the individual anglers and what exactly pumps their blood in fly fishing. By writing this book, my outlook and attitude on fly fishing was completely changed, and I am confident that by reading it, you the fly fisherman (or fisherwoman) will learn from these anglers as well. I brought my newly found inspiration with me to the river for the 2013 spring steelhead season to Lake County and Ashtabula County, Ohio. My creativity was flowing, my mind focused, and any competitiveness or fear absent. The result was my most successful and meaningful season in twenty-five years. I personally would like to thank each angler in the book, not only for helping to make a great project, but for how they helped me personally to gain even more appreciation for this beautiful sport! KYPE Visit my author page at to purchase. WASHINGTON

by George Douglas

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Photos by Mike Mainhart


Two-Handed Techniques by Chris Lessway

Bio: Michigan Fishing Guide Fly Fishing Instructor Tube Fly Tier Guide for North Branch Outing Club Type of Fishing: Fly Fishing / Spey Casting Location: Michigan Trout and Steelhead Rivers Website: Contact Info:

If you were to look up the word unconventional in the dictionary, you would see definitions such as “out of the ordinary” and “not based on or conforming to what is generally done or believed.” One word you most likely won’t see linked to it is success. Most of the time when someone is using an unconventional approach, it is to be successful at what they are trying to accomplish through any means necessary. Bring up Spey rods or two-handers, and 99 percent of the anglers will probably associate them with Spey casting and swinging flies for steelhead. While that’s the most common way to use a two-handed rod, there are other techniques, such as nymphing with indicators or overhead casting in the surf. While many argue that these techniques a are waste of a Spey rod, even going so far as to say it’s not real fly fishing, there are no set rules to define how we need to use a Spey rod. People will continue to debate about this on and on, so what can you do? Let them continue to thrash while you get out and give unconventional methods a try! (Just be sure to check the rules and regulations for the river you are fishing.) Where I do most of my fishing here in Michigan on the tributaries of the Great Lakes, many different techniques are employed to catch steelhead: swinging flies, nymphing with indicators, and the dreaded “chuck and duck” method, which is a whole story in itself. All of these methods are effective in different situations or locations on the river where the current dictates. Not all water on the river where Great Lakes steelhead reside is conducive to swinging flies; therefore, nymphing takes precedence over swinging in these sections. Nymphing is also very effective during the winter months when the Great Lakes steelheads’ metabolism slows down, rendering them less aggressive toward a swung fly. Nypmhing can be somewhat more involved than you’d think, but that



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shouldn’t scare you away if you’ve never done it. There are many different ways to go about it: setting up your leader to the different indicators available, changing how much weight is used, knowing where to drift your fly and how deep, and being able to mend your line proficiently. As many fly fishermen know, nymphing is probably the most deadly technique for catching just about any species of fish, especially trout and steelhead. Well, try adding a two-handed rod to the mix, and it becomes even deadlier! Nymphing for steelhead with a two-hander has many advantages if set up correctly. The two-handed rod will allow for farther casts with less effort, and with that comes better line control and easy mending. Another benefit of the longer rod is quicker hook sets on longer drifts. These longer drifts are achieved through feeding line and stack mending. When it comes to choosing the correct set-up for this style of nymphing, some of aspects are personal preference. With all the new Spey and switch rods available today, there are many choices when selecting a rod. I don’t like to use anything longer than a 12’ 6” rod; anything much longer than that becomes cumbersome and unmanageable. I find switch rods with a bit of a softer tip section to work best. These rods work well for Spey casts as well as overhead casting and are light enough where they won’t wear you out after a long day of fishing. When choosing a line, Skagit lines make casting a nymphing set-up easy, but they’re hard to mend due to the short head and running line. They work well on smaller streams where you are not trying to achieve really long drifts. I have tried using one Skagit line and changing out the tips to a floating line, but though trial and error, I have found lines designed specifically for nymphing to be way more effective. Shorter Scandi lines seem to work well too but are not my first choice. The Switch is an all-around great line that works well for nymphing. It has a longer head, a long rear taper, and a thick diameter tip, which helps to

Wh ile many argue that these techniques a are waste of a Spey rod, even going so far as to say it’s not real fly fish ing, there are no set rules to define how we need to use a Spey rod.



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turn over heavy nymph rigs. Some fly line companies are now making lines that are specifically designed for nymphing with a two-hander, including the Rio Switch Line and the Airflo Speydicator, which incorporates a short head with a longer rear taper and a heavier running line to make mending easier. If I am going to be on the river and not sure if I am going to swing flies or indicator fish, I will carry an extra spool for my reel with an indicator line on it. On one of my favorite stretches of river that I like to wade, I will work my way downstream swinging flies with a switch rod, hitting multiple runs and covering plenty of water. When I get to the end of where I wish to wade, I get out that second spool that’s lined with a nymphing line. I then like to work my way back upstream and hit the seams and pockets. This is a great reason to use a switch rod. When it comes to choosing a leader, I generally tend to make my own. I typically try to make them around the same length as the rod, if not even a little bit longer, using a stiffer piece of mono for the butt section and tapering it down to a supple piece of mono as I get closer to the end of the leader. The stiffer butt section helps turn over the indicator, the split shot, and the fly. The softer mono on the end helps the fly to drift more naturally. Store-bought leaders will also work, but sometimes it is hard to find the correct size, and in my opinion, they do not turn over as well. In choosing an indicator, there are endless choices. Wood, plastic, yarn, and foam—the choice is up to you. I used to use a small water balloon attached to the leader with a rubber band. It took a minute or two to set up but was very effective. Now that Thingamabobbers are available in just about every fly shop, I have switched to those. They are easy to put on, take off, and adjust. Another one of my favorites is the balsa Thill strike indicator attached with a piece of rubber band. It has less wind resistance than the balloon or Thingamabobber but takes a moment more to attach. I have even seen some guys using centerpin style floats. These floats are great when you want to suspend your fly over debris and snags on the bottom of the river. This is only the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the many choices available when setting up your two-hander for nymphing. My best advice is to talk to your local fly shop and do some research on your own. And I suggest that everyone who wants to get into fishing with a two-hander attend a Spey clave where you are allowed to cast rods and try different lines. Most of the people that put these on are extremely knowledgeable and can point SALMON R. NY


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you in the right direction. My true passion will always be to swing flies with a twohanded rod. Nothing compares to the take of a fresh chrome steelhead crushing a swung fly and watching the fish come cartwheeling out of the water. When given the choice, I will always choose swinging over nymphing, but when the conditions are not appropriate for that, nymphing with a two-hander is a proven and effective technique. Don’t be afraid to give this unconventional method a try, as unconventional success redefines what we consider to be possible. And isn’t that often what fly fishing is all about? KYPE



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One Rod to Hook Them All

Bio: NYS licensed Fishing Guide Custom rod builder Fly fishing instructor Fly tying instructor Type of fishing: Fly fishing/centerpin/ noodle rod Website: Contact info: (302)722-3992


Have you ever found yourself sitting in the parking lot of your favorite hole wondering which rods to bring down to the river? The river is flowing at 1100cfs. The lot is packed with snow-covered cars and trucks, and there are steelhead fishermen everywhere. You have every type of rod imaginable loaded in your vehicle. You have learned all the casts, and you know the river like the back of your hand. But who wants to carry all that gear only to wind up leaving most of it on the bank? A few years back, before the flood of 2010, I was guiding on the Salmon River in the tail out of the School House Hole. This was the place to be when the pressure was on. While instructing my client on making the proper drift, I noticed an older couple working their way down the bank in the snow. As they approached us to ask how the fishing was, I could not help but stare. The gentleman carried three rods: a center pin, a noodle rod, and a fly rod. The lady came armed with a Spey rod and a noodle rod of her own. After I gave them sound advice of beads under floats, they powered on to the top of the Wire Hole. My client and I returned to fishing, but I kept an eye on the couple downriver. The woman was Spey fishing while the man was bottom bouncing. We continued catching fish on beads under floats; meanwhile they stuck with what they were doing with no success. I began to ponder the reason why they didn’t just walk to the bank and switch to what was working. They had float rigs and the right color beads. I chalked it up to fisherman’s block, but thanks to that couple, I left the river that day with an idea. Taking a feather from the hat of Dr. Arthur M. Howald (the inventor of the “wonder rod”), I set forth to create the ultimate steelhead rod. I wanted to make one rod that you could take to any stretch of water and be able to fish any way you wanted. Imagine you are swinging black stoneflies on your switch rod down one side of the seam without a MICHIGAN

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strike while on the other side of the river a fisherman is bouncing egg sacs and is crushing them. This scenario happens far too often. We have all been there. Smiling like the Cheshire cat, you pop off the large arbor, slap on your spinning reel from your gear bag, and start picking steelhead off your side of the rip! Not once did you have to step out of the river and risk losing your spot. Ahhh, sweet success. By now you’re probably wondering how it got the name Flippin-switch rod! Well it’s pretty simple, actually. It’s a fly rod, a pin rod, and a switch rod all in one. Not to mention it’s a great spinning rod with superb cast ability and sensitivity! The making of this rod required extensive research and development. I had to choose a rod blank that would suffice for every application, just shy of the average Spey and a little longer than the average noodle. The 11-foot St. Croix switch rod blank in 7 wt was the hot ticket. It is perfect for center pin and fly, is only 6” longer than the standard 10’ 6” noodle rod, and is equipped with a 20” cork handle with sliding rings to allow for three different reel types: centerpin, spinning, and fly. The guide selection was tricky. With a strong demand for oversized guides to reduce ice build-up in the winter months, I went with a large loop tip top size 8 with size 8 guides down the rod. For stripping guides, I used the 10, 12, and 16 spin/cast guides that are universal for all applications. Using a fly rod guide layout, I checked the line transition for all the lines to be used. The transition test passed all around with no flat spots in any of the lines. Now it was time to put it to the real test. My good friend Kurt Ole Senneset, whom I first met as a client from Norway, was brave enough to invest in the prototype and brought it out on several trips to the Salmon River. The rod’s maiden voyage started out as a pinning rod at the Upper Trestle Hole, where he lost a huge chromer to a broken red octopus hook. On the next trip, the rod met Frasier’s Run as a noodle rod, and Kurt landed several steelhead in the 8–12 pound range on glow Wingate by Wyndham Erie 8060 Old Oliver Road I-90/Exit24, Erie, PA 16509 (814) 860-3050

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It’s a fly rod, a pin rod, and a switch rod all in one. Not to mention it’s a great spinning rod with superb cast ability and sensitivity!


beads! Kurt tested every phase of the rod. He was amazed at how easy it was to transform the rod by placing a centerpin reel at the top of the handle then a spinning reel in the next spot down. The next position is for the large arbor Spey, moving down to a switch, and lastly a fly rod. Just one large arbor reel can cover the Spey, switch, and fly. Now all you need is a spinning reel and a center pin, and you’re set! The final test came a few weeks later. Kurt started off with the rod in switch mode while Mike Falcone, another client of mine, was bottom bouncing with the noodle rod. It was Mike’s first trip to the infamous Salmon River, and in his first 10 minutes, he was into two fish over 15 pounds. Being a surf fisherman, Mike was not ready for a fish that size on four-pound test leader and lost them both. Noticing a run of big fish coming through, I then grabbed my noodle rod and brought a 34-inch steelhead to the net. About an hour later, Kurt was being pressured by creepers closing in on his switch rod drift. He quickly switched his FlippinRecommended Blogs switch rod to a spinning rod, and—wham—Kurt hooked the biggest steelAntlers & Gills head of his life! I saw the fish’s tail break water, and I knew it was sive. It looked as if he was hooked to the bumper of an old Buick, except November Rains this bumper had a lot of horsepower behind it. The fish shot across the Mystic Waters river like a freight train! Several guys fishing near us pulled up their lines. Even the creepers The Wayward Drifter down below us gave way to the explosions emitting from this raging fish. Unaccomplished Angler Instantly I found myself downriver stumbling over the milk jug-sized rocks in the barrel hole. Mike watched in shock and awe from the bank. Creek Addict I could not take my eyes off of that rod, bent all the way down to the foreFishing Fury grip and maxed out in every way possible. The weakest link was the pound fluorocarbon leader. Kurt walked the fish downriver and stopped World Fishing News to stand his ground. He could not get over the fact that this was the fish Troutrageous of his life—on a prototype rod! Finally he worked the fish close enough for me to take a swipe at it. The mammoth steelhead, weighing in at 16.5 Fin Follower pounds, had lost the battle and succumbed to the net. Fly & Fin After Kurt decided to get the fish mounted, we both turned and looked at the rod in awe, knowing that it was something special that needed to be The Jersey Angler www.thejersey shared. I know there are custom rod builders across the nation turning fly rod blanks into spinning rods and vice versa. What I have done is created Reel Job Fishing just one rod that you can carry to any stretch of water with just three reels georgia-fly-fishing-blog in your gear bag and fish any way you want. Fishing with the FlippinBigerrFish switch rod will give you a mobility and diversity that makes you one Rise Form Studios gerous fisherman to steelhead. KYPE For information on purchasing a Flippin-switch rod, or if you have questions on how to build your own, please contact us at



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Nevermind the Bollocks Bio: Owner: Rise Form Studio/Rise Form Fly Fishing Guides NJ Fly Fishing Guide Fly Fishing Instructor Author Fly Tier Type of Fishing: Fly Fishing everywhere Filming everywhere Website:


Here’s the Fly Fishing

Punk. Hardcore. Oi! Noisecore. These are all aggressive genres of underground music. Punk rock and many of the genres it has helped spawn have several common denominators: they’re hard, aggressive, and anti-establishment. There is nothing subtle or calm about punk. This is an entire culture that is fiercely proud of the fact that most people will not get it. We have all seen A River Runs Through It, and the Ramones were not on the soundtrack. What could these types of music possibly have to do with the “quiet sport” of fly fishing? Let’s begin at the middle of my story, shall we? I was fishing a sulphur hatch on a warm spring afternoon about a decade ago. I had just landed and released an average brown trout when I noticed an elderly, classically appointed fly angler watching me from the road. I nodded to him and returned my net to my back when something strange occurred. He said, “You are ruining the sport!” and started to walk away. I’m not sure if it was my tattoos, shaved head, modern gear, or all of the above that he found so objectionable. I told him to have a nice day and cautioned him to “not fall in the river or anything.” After all, it would have been a shame if he fell and broke his hip. The fact that an elderly angler did not like the cut of my jib was not revelatory in any way, thank you very much, but the revelations from that interaction came slowly in the intervening years. At first, I was fairly certain that I was the only punk who was also a fly angler. As the years passed, I began to run into the same people I used to go to punk shows with out on the river and at fly fishing events. I also started to see images in magazines and on the internet of fly anglers that looked like they may have shared a similar taste in music and gloriously misspent youth. Strangely, this did not put me at ease. To the contrary, it led me to many more questions. How are these two seemingly different cultures connected? Was this just a coincidence, or is there a common thread? If you examine these two cultures at face value, they would have NO COMMONALITY. Correct? In the past year, I examined this deeper PENNSYLVANIA

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and figured out that not only do the punk and fly fishing cultures share many interests, but the infusion of punk culture may help grow and improve the culture of fly fishing by infusing creativity, attitude, and youth appeal. There is a long and storied tradition in fly fishing of doing it yourself. Anglers have always tied their own flies and leaders, built rods, and developed new fly fishing techniques. This DIY attitude is also a huge part of punk culture. No label wants to sign your band? Put out a record yourself. No clubs want to have punk shows in your area? Rent a V.F.W. or have the show in somebody’s basement or backyard. Both of these cultures show how creative and clever individuals can be with almost no outside support and very little resources. As stated earlier, fly fishing is known as the quiet sport. This may have been a true representation of the sport in the past, but it is far from the present reality of today’s anglers. A thistled down classic dry fly on quiet English chalk stream has been replaced by fast-action carbon fiber death sticks laser double hauling huge articulated streamers from a drift boat. This is akin to replacing chamber music with Sick of it All. A relaxed pace to fly fishing is now a choice and not mandatory. Fly Fishing is a huge sport with many methods, some of which are quite AGGRO and beyond exciting. The changes that are happening in fly fishing extend well beyond gear and technique. New species of fish are gaining popularity with anglers. Carp, pike, musky, bass, and many saltwater species now get almost as much respect as the holy trout and salmon. Many of the younger generation blazing the trails into these uncharted waters are younger, card-carrying punks. Have you ever been in the middle of a blitz in the ocean? It is nature’s mosh pit. The only difference is that the riot is caused by food and not music. Oh yeah, and the stakes are higher because the fish may become dinner for the other fish. Watch the crowd in a SLAYER video. It looks the same except the chaos is happening inside a club. Casting a fly from a small center console (amid 50 other boats running and gunning) to acres of slashing bluefish, false albacore, and swirling striped bass is about as adrenaline-inducing as it gets. There is nothing placid, calm, pastoral, or “quiet” about it. Punk, like fly fishing, has many styles. Fly fishing has dry fly, wet fly, nymph, streamer, Spey, salmon, warm water, and saltwater as classic styles of angling. The anglers in each group love their own method above all and may or may not dabble in the others. The same can be said of punk. You have old school punk, rockabilly, oi, hardcore, noisecore, garage, etc., etc. Like in fly fishing, the goal is the same with punk music even when the style and approach differ. Let’s face it, fly fishing is an OUTSIDER Efinger Bound Brook, NJ 732-356-0604 Proudly Celebrating A 100 Years of Dedication to Sportsmen & Athletes




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activity just like punk rock. We may think of it as the norm, but it is far removed from the fishing realities of most anglers. How many times has the explanation of why you release fish been met with a confused expression? Did you care? Of course not. Congratulations, you weren’t bothered by what the other person thought. You knew it was right for you and stuck to your decision. That is very rebellious and punk of you. At this point, I should caution you to keep your regular haircut and not run out and get a wild style or dye it crazy colors. When I started fly fishing with my father, I was 10. We knew we were taking the Road Less Traveled and that it would be an arduous process. Difficult tasks and decisions often translate directly to a hugely rewarding sense of accomplishment. Fly Anglers are proud that we do things the hard way. We would rather be sporting and swing a fly on a freezing cold day to get that one magical grab than bottom bounce an egg sac and hook 10. The same can be said for punk. You want to talk about a tough choice? Try walking around in a small town in the 1980s and early ’90s with a green mohawk. That style and attitude was not tolerated as well back then, and I was risking an ass kicking every time I went out in public. Guess what? We were fiercely proud that we made the right choice for ourselves, regardless of what anyone else thought about it or how difficult it could make basic aspects of life. The same can be said for fly fishing. I can’t tell you how many skunkings I took when I was a kid tying to learn the sport. I knew the entire time I was getting burned down that I could have tied on a worm and caught fish. Even at that young age, however, I knew that would be “cheating”—cheating myself out of something I was willing to work hard for. So here is the thing: we are here already. We are injecting some energy, creativity, and ATTITUDE into the half-asleep-in-an-ascot vision of the sport. Your favorite fly tyer, rod builder, videographer, blogger, and the guy that designed that “Epic” t-shirt? All punks at heart. We will laugh the loudest, break new ground, ignore the conventions, be creative, and do it a little faster/harder/cooler than you have seen fishing done in the past. Let’s take the time to meet your new neighbors. They may piss on your rose bushes and lower your property values a little, but your world will be richer and happier for getting to know them.



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Jungle Fever by Steve Silverio

Bio: Fly Tying Articles Fly Tying Instruction Polar Pony Fly Tying Material Member of Regal Vise Developmental Team Partridge US Pro-Staff Canadian Tube Flies Pro-Staff

Type of Fishing: Freshwater / Saltwater

Location: Primarily Eastern US & Canada

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“The gaudy brilliant fly patterns, often deadly with the bright fish not long away from the sea, tempt the old fish little, and the smaller flies of neutral coloration, most like the insects of the stream, are those he will prefer.” - “The Atlantic Salmon,” Lee Wulff

Everybody has one. As a matter of fact, I probably have at least a dozen or more rattling through my brain every time I sit down at my flytying bench. Be it dry, wet, nymph, streamer, salmon, or salt, we all gravitate to one or two patterns that stand out in our mind’s eye. What is it about that certain fly that attracts you like no other? It seems that every time you see it in a book, periodical, or online, you stop as if drawn in by the essence of the thing. Often, it’s a fly that caught you by surprise years ago, or that was given to you, or that first hooked you on the sport. Now it’s the fly that first comes to mind, and you find yourself repeating that same formula in various ways, trying to perfect that intangible something that made it so appealing in the first place. Over the years, the pattern that’s captured my interest has often changed as I delve deeper into the gradual madness that is fly tying. However, if I had to pick just one, it would be a family of flies unified by a common name: Junglestone. These flies, defined by the pair(s) of wings of the Grey Junglefowl (Gallus sonneratti) they sport on their backs, are unique, eye-catching versions of the Isoperla stoneflies. Whether it is the exuberance of a DeFeo dressing, the technical exactness executed by Jennings, the compact neatness and classic austerity of a Niemeyer tie, or the absolute mastery of material by Gajardoni, I love the Junglestones. I find that I am continuously trying out variations on the same theme. Like Rain Man, I repeat them in fur, thread, and feather, one after another, forever attempting to create the perfect model. My fascination started years ago when, browsing the musty-smelling aisles of the now-defunct Owl Bookshop, I found a tattered volume of old classic salmon flies. Thumbing through the pages, I stopped at a



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color plate in a section entitled, “GRUBS – Wingless Patterns.” It was named “The Jungle Hornet” by G. M. Kelson. Bang, instant jungle addiction! But that initial attraction turned sour when I found out that even a c-grade neck would cost me more than I made on my paper route in a year. That was 1964, and it would take almost ten years before I would again get the jungle itch. But I was hooked deep, and those evil Fates who control the lives of men had spun, measured, and cut out a destiny for me that would leave me tying away at my vise, until late night and early morn, throughout a lifetime. My discovery of the stonefly patterns of the prominent artist and illustrator for Field & Stream Magazine, Charles DeFeo, provided me with a second epiphany. Seeing the exotic nail pairings of the Jungle Hornet now applied as wings to a real working fly showed me a way to move beyond my simple “Jungle Jassids” (I had by now collected several split-nailed neck bits from other tyers) and begin experimenting with my own patterns for the “family” stone. It comes as no surprise to me to learn that DeFeo, who is recognized as the first to employ the nail feathers of the Jungle Fowl as wing cases and was perhaps the most prolific salmon tier of his age, had also been influenced by the “Apterous” caterpillar-like patterns of Kelson and contracted his own form of jungle fly-tying fever. Volume1, Issue 3 of the “Art of Angling Journal” shows a plate of three DeFeo-dressed salmon flies, one of which is a Jungle Hornet (pg. 114). Though he created many patterns and variations of the stonefly nymph, both for trout and salmon, the Jungle and Golden stoneflies are what continuously hold my attention. In the works of Preston Jennings, a codifier of angling entomology, who developed the prismatic theory of trout vision and authored A Book of Trout Flies, it’s clear that DeFeo influenced him as well. Jennings’ jungle-winged Yellow and Orange Stone Creepers were direct descendants of the series of low-water stonefly nymphs developed by DeFeo for fishing the Miramichi and Cairns. It was also DeFeo who first Alaska River Adventures Lodge & Guide Service Alaska’s Upper Kenai River & Kasilof River 1-888-836-9027

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My discovery of the stonefly patterns of the prominent artist and illustrator for Field & Stream Magazine, Charles DeFeo, provided me with a second epiphany.


introduced Jennings to his technique for inducing “lying-in” salmon to take a small nymph when presented with precision at eye-level. And thus Preston learned how Charlie developed the family of salmon stonefly nymphs that were to prove so deadly. Obviously those salmon had experienced a jungle fever all their own, remembering their time on the river as parr and smolt when they competed with native brookies for dislodged stoneflies and emerging mayfly nymphs. An old Italian saying, “La vita è breve, ma la memoria è lunga,” translates to “Life is short, but memory is long.” Though the saying had more to do with vendetta than with fishing life, the sentiment applies remarkably well. Stéphan Reebs, who wrote about the incredible memory of salmon, observes: “By far the best example of long-term memory is the homing behavior of salmon … When they are young, salmon learn the smell of the stream in which they live. Then they leave the stream to go live at sea. Several years later, they come back to their natal stream in order to spawn in it. These adult salmon find their natal stream by following their nose – the trail of the odor learned several years earlier but not forgotten. This seems to be a case of imprinting. In imprinting, the brain is hard-wired to learn something during a sensitive period early in life, and retain that information until death. (“Long-Term Memory in Fishes,” Stéphan G. Reebs, Université de Moncton, Canada, 2008”) It was this idea of imprinted early memory that DeFeo must have considered when he created his impressive series of salmon nymphs and developed fishing techniques to properly utilize them on otherwise uncooperative salmon. His ability to communicate both as friend and mentor to many anglers has kept the fever alive. Sadly, Charlie never published, and so much of his work in this area have gone unrecorded. However, several insights into his theories remain. In his book Salmon Flies and Fishing, Joseph Bates writes: “No one except the salmon knows why salmon will take one fly pattern in preference to another … Charlie DeFeo, who knows as much as anybody, is quoted as having remarked that the Rat flies (i.e., Rusty Rat) resemble the stonefly, an insect prevalent at times in the Restigouche area.” Ted Niemeyer, an early master of realistic flies, as well as an accomplished salmon tyer, whose low-water classics the Junglestone and Peastone nymph are models of perfection, names Charlie as the person who became the greatest influence in his fly tying. In his interview with author Judith Dunham for her book The Atlantic Salmon Fly, Niemeyer talks about DeFeo’s theories on stonefly nymphs: “Charlie told me to go to an Atlantic salmon stream and turn over the rocks to see what was underneath … The New Brunswick Rivers were full of stoneflies with yellow butts Hampton Inn Detroit/Northville 20600 Haggerty Road Northville, MI 48167-1990 (734) 462-1119




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on their undersides. Why do you think, he asked me, that Atlantic salmon flies have yellow, green, or orange tags? He felt that the tag imitated the yellow band at the end of the stoneflies found in so many Atlantic salmon streams. He was right.” The Junglestone fever has also made its way abroad and returned in the form of a master fly tyer from Italy by the name of Fabrizio Gajardoni, whom I met at the Fly Fishing Show in Somerset, NJ, in 2006. In addition to displaying a brilliant selection of classic and interpretive salmon flies, he is also extremely adept at tying beautiful nymphs and realistic beetles. At the show’s end, he presented me with several mementos, among them a small circular box. Inside, perched on a mound of streambed stones, was a Junglestone nymph unlike any I had seen, with a series of perfectly aligned nail pairs and an abdomen of raffia. Fabrizio, I discovered, was also a great admirer of DeFeo and had adapted Charlie’s design to fit a nymph pattern that he employed in Italian rivers. The uniqueness of Fabrizio’s design provided me with an inspiration, which turned into another round of late evenings at the tying bench. And so on the attraction goes. A contagion of ideas, Junglestone fever spreads to all those who are affected by the exotic beauty of the design. Deceptively simple, DeFeo’s family of patterns offers the fly tyer a path where form and function interact with imagination. Fly tying on the whole is a curious hobby, which can become a deep-seated passion, which may quickly turn to a fever when the tyer comes under the spell of that one fly that lives forever in his memory, turning his nights into a jumble of Junglestones! KYPE



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Modified Caddis


Aileen Nishimura (Ellis)

Bio: Demonstration Fly Tyer Owner of Pro Staff for Deer Creek UK 1/3 of the Trifecta of Fly Fishing Ventures Type of Fishing: Fly Fishing Location: Boise, Idaho

Website: Contact:

Muggly Caddis Klacker

I discovered this modified pattern of a Muggly Caddis by Martin Zetterlund ( I further modified his pattern by coating the body with Deer Creek Diamond Fine UV resin. The resin makes the body stronger and creates a beautiful clear coat. Though there were not any caddis hatch yet, I could not wait to throw this fly on the water. It floated well and was highly visible. I am looking forward to using this pattern this summer. 1. Make a smooth wrap with thread on the hook. 2. Tie in stripped peacock herl; wrap it 2/3 of the way up toward the eye of the hook. (I use a pencil eraser to strip the herl). 3. After wrapping the hook with peacock herl, thinly coat the herl with Deer Creek Diamond Fine UV Resin. 4. Cure resin with UV light for three to five seconds.



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5. Tie in CDC puff 6. Tie in stacked elk hair. Add a drop of Deer Creek Diamond Fine UV Resin on the thread to help secure the Elk Hair to the hook. 7. Clamp together 2 CDC feathers, then cut off below the stem. Save the top half to repeat this step. 8. Using a sharp point, split the thread on the fly, being careful not to cut it. 9. Insert between the split thread, the cut CDC feathers directly from the clamp. 10. Twist the thread to form the CDC hackle. 11. Wrap the CDC hackle around the hook, occasionally brushing back the feather with your fingers. Repeat steps of making the hackle and wrapping the hook until you reach right behind the hook eye. 12. Whip finish the head, then add a drop of Deer Creek Diamond Fine UV Resin and cure it to secure the thread on the hook. Hyatt Place Columbus/OSU 795 Yard Street Columbus, OH 43212 (614) 280-1234

Hook: TMC 2487 Thread: 8/0 Body: Stripped Peacock Herl coated with Deer Creek Diamond Fine UV Resin Underwing: CDC Puff Wing: Elk Hair Hackle: CDC Hackle made from 4 to 6 CDC feathers

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Aileen Nishimura

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Longevity For Nymphs Gaeron Friedrichs

Bio: Fly Tyer and Instructor Employee, WhiteWaterFlies President/Founder (DVHS) Fly Fishing Club Type of Fishing: Fly and Spin Location: Northeastern Pennsylvania Website: Contact Info:


A Brief Memory In Rhode Island, I was at a lake fly fishing for largemouth bass using a little popper. The excursion is worth remembering, but not because I caught some big fish. That little popper had already lasted two days and almost that whole third; yet no wear and tear showed on the hackle, legs, etc. The fly continued in this condition fish after fish until I finally hooked a pickerel that cut my fluorocarbon tippet. I wasn’t happy about that, of course, but more so I was astonished by the fact that it remained in perfect condition after catching fish for multiple days. Many times when using imported flies, after a couple fish—or sometimes only one—the fly will practically disintegrate. This is extremely frustrating when it’s the fly that the fish have really keyed in on and your last one falls apart. At those times, I had always yearned for a fly that lasted as long as that popper did. After doing some reading and experimental fly tying, I came across techniques, tips, and tying sequences to make your fly last past the first couple fish to number 12, 13, or even until the hook rusts out. Tailing There is not a whole lot that can be done to improve the durability of the fly’s fragile tail, but a couple methods can help. The first is material. In general, materials like Coq De Leon and Wood Duck Flank are naturally more durable than others like hen and partridge. The CDL and Wood Duck have a much stiffer fiber compared to their soft, flimsy counterparts. In addition, they have natural markings that make for a slightly more realistic fly. Second, never tie the material down on a bare hook shank. In fact, this is important for any material: never tie down onto a bare shank. For tails, this will cause the material to break off within the first couple casts, and elsewhere, it will cause other materials to roll and slip and turn around the hook shank, which will allow your fly to unravel.



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Abdomen Natural materials can be used in a few ways to make the abdomen durable. Apply waterproof superglue on the thread base (under-body) before the material is wrapped. Once wrapped, a counter rib—a material like wire, thick thread, or tinsel that is wound around the hook shank the opposite way of the abdomen—can also be added to adhere the material to the under-body and keep it there by reinforcing counter-wraps. Materials can also be formed into ropes and chenilles. For example, peacock herl can be twisted on the thread or in a bundle then wrapped up the shank. This makes a rope or chenille-like body material, significantly increasing durability. The best thing to increase longevity of a dubbed body is to pay attention to the way it is dubbed. For an abdomen, I typically do not use superglue because it soaks into the dubbing and hardens it. Instead, to secure it, dub the material onto the thread as tight as possible. On top of that, the abdomen should be counter-wrapped with a ribbing material. Although most of the time I will not apply a rib on the thorax, the same techniques can be used there. Thread The tying thread is one of the most important parts of the fly; it holds the whole thing together. Before tying, a tiny bit of glue can be put on the shank to prevent any materials (like lead wire, tailing, etc.) from spinning around the hook shank. However, this should be no substitute for proper tying technique. The size of thread is also important; opt for the smallest diameter thread with the highest breaking strength. It may take some experimenting to find a good brand of thread that you enjoy tying with. As you are tying the fly, each turn should be wrapped with maximum thread tension, slightly less than breaking point. This will ensure all materials will be absolutely secure. At the end of a fly, the best way to finish off the thread is with multiple whip finishes. Half hitches usually do not do the trick, whereas two whip finishes (whether by hand or tool) will enable your thread to not come undone under any circumstance. A dab of glue or cement will not hurt on the head of the fly, especially since the rest of the parts of your flies will last forever! KYPE OREGON


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Let’s face it: serenity, beauty and solitude are attributes that red-line our passion and take our fishing experiences to the highest level. They connect us with nature and rejuvenate our spirit. Deep in the Yukon Territory lie hidden treasures in the form of pure water—lakes that are so clean an angler can sight fish for lake trout. That’s right, sight fish for lakers! Wilderness Fishing Yukon, owned and operated by Bernard Stehelin, is a first-class operation—a must-see, must-fish, and an absolute must to experience. It is a place that is tough to describe with words as its beauty goes far beyond the picturesque scenery and the fishing itself. “These are spiritual things we are dealing with, not in a religious sense, but the energy of this special place grabs you by your core and drives home the reason why we love the outdoors,” describes the publisher of Kype. These unseen aspects of the region are topped off and crystalized when a big lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) can be seen opening its mouth and sucking in your fly—or when a northern destroys your topwater plug in the most violent act. After fishing is when the effect of the region sets in as anglers enjoy the peaceful lodge and soothing sauna. We at Kype Magazine highly recommend this fishing paradise to anglers of all ages. You will be in great hands with Bernard and his guide Symon Kirchner. Give them a call at 867-667-2846.

Kype Staff




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Name: Pat Cohen Website: What is your role in fly fishing industry? I am a commercial fly tyer, fly designer, and manufacturer's rep for Vision Fly Fishing USA. What are your favorite genres of underground music? Rockabilly, Industrial, Punk, Old School Metal Type of water you fish? I fish it all, but I am mainly a warm water fanatic. What is your favorite fly? I have a thing for deer hair bass bugs. Best punk/metal band to see live? I still think old school Metallica, before The Black Album, was a great band to see live. Modern I would have to say O'Death, but I'm not sure what genre they would be considered, folk/punk fusion maybe. Favorite body of water? Lower Schoharie Creek Favorite punk album? “Pure Rock Fury” by Clutch Favorite Species? Smallies Best life lesson from punk rock days? All of the underground music genres beat to their own drum, they stuck to their guns and did what they felt was right, even when it all fell under criticism. Believe in what you are doing, pull inspiration from everywhere, and rock out the way you feel is right.

Name: Dave Hartman Website: What is your role in fly fishing industry? Clothing/Video What are your favorite genres of underground music? Old school punk and rap Type of water you fish? Warmwater, coldwater, saltwater What is your favorite fly? Oh man. I guess all in all, I couldn't live without a Clouser. Best punk/metal band to see live? Beastie Boys Favorite body of water? I love any water that is crawling with lots of fish. For trout, that's Montana's Missouri River. I love a pond full of pike. And I LOVE Mexico salt. Favorite punk album? “Bedtime for Democracy" by Dead Kennedys Favorite Species? Fall steelhead, bonefish, pike, ling cod, brown trout Best life lesson from punk rock days? I learned to fly fish all alone, researching every book or magazine I could get my hands on, and that led me to move to Montana. I taught myself to tie flies, build rods, and learn new water, which would lead to travel and then photography, then Photoshop, and that led to graphic design, which led to T-shirts. Punk rock, and the culture it inspires, is inherently indie. It has to be small and therefore personal; you make of it what you choose.

Name: Dave Hosler Website: What is your role in fly fishing industry? Blogger, tyer of flies What are your favorite genres of underground music? Oi!, Hardcore, Punk, and Rockabilly

Type of water you fish? Warmwater and some coldwater What is your favorite fly? A popper

Best punk/metal band to see live? Brassknuckle Boys Favorite body of water? A little creek near my house Favorite punk album? “Nothing to Prove” by H2O Favorite Species? Smallmouth bass, musky, carp, steelhead, and largemouth bass Best life lesson from punk rock days? Do It Yourself. These days the DIY ethic encompasses my life. In fly fishing, DIY stems from the trips I take to learning photography and how to get my stuff out for people to see. I figure if I'm not learning or trying something new then I'm stagnating, and that's not a good feeling.


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Name: Matt Schliske Website: What is your role in fly fishing industry? Bamboo Fly Rod Maker, Guide, Photographer, Film Maker, F3T Roadie What are your favorite genres of underground music? Punk rock Type of water you fish? Cold and moving preferably, or salty and skinny What is your favorite fly? Royal Wulff Favorite body of water? Rattlesnake Creek Favorite punk album? “Somery” by Descendents Favorite Species? Tarpon, brown trout, cutthroat, grayling, Oncorhynchus mykiss Best life lesson from punk rock days? DIY! I do as much as possible myself, too much really. Corporate fly fishing still sucks! Support your local Pig Farm.

Name: Rich Strolis Website: What is your role in fly fishing industry? Fly tyer What are your favorite genres of underground music? Hardcore, Metal, Punk, depends on my mood Type of water you fish? I’m mostly a trout a guy, so coldwater. I’ll chase anything that likes to hurt big flies… What is your favorite fly? Sculpin at the moment, with the Hog Snare a close second Best punk/metal band to see live? Hatebreed or Ten Yard Fight Favorite body of water? Any river that coughs up big gnarly browns Favorite punk album? “Hardcore Pride” by Ten Yard Fight

Favorite Species? Brown trout, pike, steelhead, brook trout, striped bass. There are many toothy critters I’d still like to try my hand at… Best life lesson from punk rock days? I guess you could say I always did my own thing, and I never let anyone tell me that I couldn't do something. I think the music contributed to that. Granted, a lot of it involves heavy, loud riffs, but a lot of it had a message too. Most of the songs were about pushing on. It's kind of like fly tying and life in general: both can be a bit frustrating at times, but you can get by if you keep trying.

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MICROCERPT Read Fly Fishing Excerpts at:

Kype Fishing Magazine, Volume 4.2  

Steelhead, Salmon and Trout Fishing, Fly Fishing, Spey Casting and more!