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OCTOBER 25, 2010


Men’s soccer


KENTUCKY KERNEL Homecoming slide show


Seminar combats Ky. crime By Gary Hermann

Kentucky is a world leader. The commonwealth is not proud of its record, however. Kentucky has the highest percentage of incarcerated adults in the country. To combat this fact, the UK Institute for Rural Journalism and Community Issues co-sponsored a seminar along with the John Jay College of Criminal Justice at the CUNY Center on Media Crime & Justice and the Pew Center on the States to address the issue Friday at the Boone Center.


The Wildcats hang their heads and walk off the field after their 31-44 loss to Georgia Saturday night.

Cats in the doghouse UK drops 44-31 to Georgia after allowing four team turnovers By Nick Craddock

The 28-10 halftime deficit against the Georgia Bulldogs was identical to what the Cats faced a week prior against then-No.10 South Carolina. The final result this week was much different, however, as the Cats fell 44-31 to the Bulldogs. UK’s (4-4, 1-4 Southeastern Conference) failure to storm back from the halftime deficit against Georgia (4-4, 3-3 SEC) meant there was to be no post-game euphoria on the field for the 70,884 fans at Commonwealth Stadium, the 10th largest crowd in school history, on this Saturday. The Bulldogs, winners of three straight SEC games, were paced by a schoolrecord five rushing touch-

downs by sophomore tailback Washaun Ealey and timely turnovers, including three first-half fumbles. “Georgia didn’t win the game, we gave them the game, that’s how I feel about it” said sophomore wide receiver La’Rod King, who hauled in two touchdown catches. “We gave them three touchdowns with our three (first-half) turnovers and if we didn’t have that, we would have blown them out the water.” The three fumbles were largely responsible for the Cats’ 18-point halftime deficit. The Cats outgained the Bulldogs 200 yards to 96 yards in the first half, but a particularly miserable first quarter for the Cats contributed to their slow start; of Georgia’s first four posses-

sions, three started on UK’s side of the 50-yard line— thanks to two fumbles and a failed fourth-down conversion attempt—and the other was a 100-yard kickoff return for a touchdown by Bulldogs junior cornerback Brandon Boykin. The second quarter was

no better for UK, which fumbled at its own 5-yard line already trailing 28-3. Ealey converted three plays later for his last of three first-half rushing touchdowns. UK managed to respond with a 10-play, 71-yard drive capped by a King touchdown to close See FOOTBALL on page 4


Georgia tailback Washaun Ealey runs the ball against UK. Ealey finished with five touchdowns in the 44-31win over Kentucky.

Blasting off: Students build satellite By Drew Teague

UK engineering students will make a delivery to the final frontier in the near future. Since 2006, students working with the Space Systems Lab have been designing, building and prepping a

cube satellite for its flight into space, which could be as soon as February. Electrical and computer engineering Professor Dr. James Lumpp helped the students on their mission to create a small satellite that could be put into space and commu-


Masters in electrical engineering students Meetra Torabi (left) and Daniel Erb sit with the KySat-1, Kentucky's first orbital satellite.

First issue free. Subsequent issues 25 cents.

nicate with the students on the ground. “The project started in 2006 when a team of students spent the summer at NASA Ames research center learning all about CubeSats an emerging international standard for small satellites,” Lumpp said. The project continued back in Kentucky with aspects of the design of the satellite and ground station facilities being used as class projects and research projects for undergraduate and graduate engineering and science students, Lumpp said. Daniel Erb, a master’s student in electrical engineering, has worked on this satellite for a while and is pleased with its purpose. “It’s a 10 centimeter by 10 centimeter by 10 centimeter cube that fits inside a standard deplorer,” Erb said. “Our satellite is designed to do edSee SATELLITE on page 2

Fight breaks out at Tolly Ho, five hospitalized By Gary Hermann

A fight at a popular off-campus restaurant put five people in the hospital early Sunday. Lexington Police responded to Tolly Ho after receiving reports of a “rather large fight” at 3:12 a.m., Lt. Chris Van Brackle said. Police arrested two people for disorderly conduct. “Five people were sent to the hospital with head injuries,” Van Brackle said. “A couple of employees went to the hospital, but no UK students were injured.” Of the employees that went to the hospital, one suffered broken ribs while the other received staples in his head, Van Brackel said. All five victims were released from the hospital Sunday. Alcohol was a likely factor, Van Brackel said. Police are investigating to see if weapons were involved. Several Holmes Hall residents witnessed the aftermath of the altercation. “There was a girl stumbling outside holding her side,” sophomore Decora Martin said. “There was a man holding the side of his head with blood running down it.” Martin counted 22 police cars, two fire trucks and three ambulances. Tolly Ho declined comment.

Speaker fights stigmas By Drew Teague

The Center on Media, Crime & Justice brings journalist together with policy makers. At the UK Boone Center on Friday, that’s exactly what happened. There were four panels as well as a luncheon keynote presentation. Pew Center Public Safety Performance Project Director Adam Gelb revealed that 2.3 million Americans are in prison, one in 100 adults are behind bars and one in 31 adults are under some form of correctional control. One day in prison costs more than 23 days on proSee CRIMEon page 2

A top educator will be on campus Monday and Tuesday to promote awareness about the effect of stereotypes on students. Dr. Claude Steele, a professor of social psychology and Provost at Columbia University, will speak to students and staff for two days to bring attention to how stereotypes affect people’s ability to do the best they can, because they have a preconceived idea of how it is. Insitutional Diversity Vice President Judy “J.J.” Jackson has worked to get Steele on campus to help UK with its war on attrition. “All those stereotypes we have of each other serve to impede our progress in a lot of different areas,” Jackson said. “As you know, UK has declared war on attrition.” Attrition is the wearing down of something with continual harassment. After

declaring war on attrition, UK wants students to open their eyes and look past those stereotypes that they know to help improve their lives, especially with the stereotypes the state of Kentucky as a whole has, Jackson said. “The stereotype we battle as a state is that most of the other states think Kentucky’s backwards,” Jackson said. “When a Kentuckian finds him or herself among people from say Massachusetts, which is supposedly the education capital of the world, you know, do we feel dumb…because we are among all the Harvard scholars?” Steele wrote a book titled “Whistling Vivaldi and Other Clues to How Stereotypes Affect Us” that has gotten the attention of the UK Provost and the Dean of the College of Communications, Jackson said. Jackson hopes students will be like these two and help fight the stereotypes.

“Students have to be willing to realize that they are capable of doing as well as any Harvard or Yale or Princeton student can do, but if the stereotypes are hindering your thinking about yourself and impeding that then it’s going to be harder to get there,” Jackson said. This is the first of a large dialogue that will come to campus to continually combat the stereotypes that are found on a place like a college campus, Jackson said. “We think [Steele’s] coming here will us to open up a whole bunch of dialogues across the campus that in the long run will have the net effect of our being aware of and combating those stereotypes,” Jackson said. Jackson said that Steele began his research into stereotypes with a small portion of society, but as he continued looking into it, he was able to see that they affect alSee STEELE on page 2

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PAGE 2 | Monday, October 25, 2010

Conference tackles addiction

STEELE Continued from page 1

dents to attend lectures based on a range of topics related to addiction health services. Conference attendees may also enjoy activities such as an afternoon at Keeneland shuttled from the Hilton Hotel in addition to the many forums held during the conference days. Topics include methods for improving the quality of addiction health services, innovative methods for improving treatment access and treatment retention and integration of services to address co-occurring substance abuse,

mental health and/or physical health conditions. “It is a wonderful chance to highlight the high-quality research related to substance abuse that is being conducted at UK in the Department of Behavioral Science, the Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, and other departments on campus,” Conference cochair Dr. Hannah Knudsen said. Dr. Wilson Compton, Director of the Division of Epidemiology Services and Prevention Research at the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and Dr. David Gustafson, an expert in process improvement and health care quality from the University of Wisconsin-

Madison will all speak at the conference. In addition to innovative researchers, several UK graduate students will also be presenting their research at the conference. Graduate students will be presenting their work in a poster session Tuesday afternoon. Students have the opportunity to network with nationally recognized and experienced researchers. UK faculty will present their research and interact and meet other staff from the National Institute of Health. “This conference is a great venue for networking, which may lead to future research collaborations,” Knudsen said.

what they have been doing to combat recidivism for prisoners. “The state legislature should be commended,” Kentucky Justice and Public Safety Cabinet Secretary Cabinet President J. Michael Brown said. “The Governor, President of the Senate and Speaker of the House said we would join with Pew and move forward.” Brown spoke highly of the bi-partisan task force the state now has working on the issue. “We need to put people behind bars that we are afraid of,” Brown said, “and not because we are mad at them.”

State Senate Judiciary Committee Chair Tom Jensen and State House Judiciary Committee Chair John Tilley both believe Kentucky can run its state justice system more efficiently. Kentucky’s funds would be better spent on keeping people out of prison and the money saved on not keeping people incarcerated can be spent on other programs, they said. Community activists were able to tell what they have been doing to rehabilitate criminals and their victims as well as ask for the media’s help in getting their message out. “There is a frustration over the inability to find work and

overcome mistakes of the past,” Louisville Community Liaison Rev. Roosevelt Lightsy Jr. said. “There is a frustration on the [police] officer’s part that they are barking with no teeth.” “A felony is the equivalent of economic capital punishment,” Brown said. Operation UNITE President and CEO Karen Engle had a message for the journalists. “Any time you can put a face with a problem, it changes everything,” Engel said. “If you can help us spark hope, that’s the number one thing the media can do.”

WKU, coordinated by the Kentucky Science and Technology Corporation, a nonprofit corporation focused on high-technology and innovation in Kentucky,” Lumpp said. Because of the nature of the field they are working in, Erb said the students have had peaks and lulls in the work load over the course of the four years they have been working on the project, working towards a projected launch that never happened. “We started out building it without any concept of when a launch would be,” Erb said. “We tried to do as much as we can because we

thought we’d have a launch date…but that date slips.” Something of this magnitude will be a great accomplishment to those who have worked over it, especially being able to see and communicate with their work while it is floating around the earth, Erb said. “To be able to design something and then actually build it and see if come into fruition, see it pass all the testing, then finally have it launched into space and hear it from space on the ground, and to actually be able to communicate with something you build is an experience unlike anything else,” Erb

said. With the launch date looming, last minute preparations are being made to ship the cube satellite across the country for its journey into space. “KYSat-1 will travel to California Polytechnic State University on Monday to be integrated into a standardized satellite launcher and to undergo final flight qualification vibration testing,” said Lumpp. “From there it will travel to Vanderbilt Air Force Base where it will be integrated onto a Taurus-XL rocket for a Feb. 22, 2011 launch.”

Researchers share findings regarding substance addictions By Taylor Riley

Nearly 200 researchers from across the country are set to share their recent findings in the 2010 Addiction Health Services Research conference sponsored by the UK Department of Behavioral Science and the Center on Drug and Alcohol Research and the Bell Chair on Alcohol and Addictions. The conference will convene at the Hilton Hotel in Lexington Oct. 25-27. The conference welcomes researchers, faculty, and stu-

CRIME Continued from page 1 bation, and budgets for correctional facilities dwarf those of higher education, Gelb said. JFA Institute President James Austin said 40 percent of Kentucky’s inmate stream is drug criminals. He also said only 15 percent of inmates actually do a drug treatment program in prison. He also pointed out that Kentucky’s crime rate is well below the national average. State leaders had an opportunity to tell the panel

SATELLITE Continued from page 1 ucational outreach and technological demonstration.” As the name of the satellite states, it is the first satellite that the state will put into space, completely built by students across the Commonwealth, Lumpp said. “The satellite, Kentucky Satellite-1, is the first freeflying, orbital satellite the lab has developed and is the result of a state-wide collaboration between Kentucky universities, including U of L, Morehead, Murray, and

Horoscope To get the advantage, check the day's rating: 10 is the easiest day, 0 the most challenging. Aries (March 21-April 19) - Today is a 7 - Your plan weaves together well, if you can be adaptable. Lots of changes require imaginative thinking. Involve females early, and go with the flow. Taurus (April 20-May 20) - Today is a 7 - Invite a neighbor to share the day with you someone who would otherwise be alone. Extra hands will be useful. It's easy to add one place at the table. Gemini (May 21-June 21) - Today is a 6 - Accept help from guests to make the work flow quickly. Some of the folks at this party are facing real obstacles, and this time together is a pressure relief. Cancer (June 22-July 22) - Today is a 6 - Welcome visitors warmly, or wear your most cheerful disposure if you're the guest. You already know what

a great feast takes. Stick to the tried-and-true. Leo (July 23-Aug. 22) Today is a 5 - Get started early: You get more accomplished by yourself. Romance emerges in unexpected moments and surprises you. Light candles and share the mood with all. Virgo (Aug. 23-Sept. 22) Today is a 7 - Tweak your guest list and table arrangements. Share private moments with a favorite person. Then prepare to dance gracefully with the unexpected. Libra (Sept. 23-Oct. 22) Today is a 7 - You feel like your public face may slip today. If it does, take your own feelings in stride, and share stories with others. The bottom line here is love. Scorpio (Oct. 23-Nov. 21) - Today is a 7 - You really want action now. The name of the game is change, and you're both banker and Dungeon master. Use your dragon fire if needed. Sagittarius (Nov. 22-Dec.

21) - Today is a 7 - With the smallest effort, everything unfolds as you'd planned. Someone you didn't expect chips in and makes your work that much easier and more fun. Don't eat too much. Capricorn (Dec. 22-Jan. 19) - Today is a 7 - Line up folks to help you get everything ready. Others pick up any slack. Remember to enjoy the process as well as the results. However it goes could be perfect. Aquarius (Jan. 20-Feb. 18) - Today is a 7 - You may not play the host role. If not, bring something delicious to contribute. Make the rounds, and appreciate everyone there. You feel blessed. Pisces (Feb. 19-March 20) - Today is a 5 - Follow the routine and let women take over. Or encourage the guys to take a bigger role. Nothing pleases you more than the boys in aprons, working together. MCT

most every group in the world. “He started out his research by looking at the stereotypes around blacks in white institutions,” said Jackson. “The more he studied the phenomenon of this stereotype, the more he realized other stereotypes were at work.” With stereotypes at work, Jackson said the world is missing out on a lot of potential greatness from those who do not feel they could do as soon as someone else, because of a stereotype they have in their head.

“No one thing holds us back, each time we take charge of another thing, and conquer it, we push ourselves a step closer toward premier status,” said Jackson. “When we hold back, we actually rob both ourselves and the rest of the world of the contribution we could be making to improve a lot of the conditions of human kind.”

If you go What: Stereotype Lecture When: Monday and Tuesday at 7 p.m. Where: Student Center Small Ballroom Admission: Free and open to the public

Monday, October 25, 2010 | PAGE 3


Freedom for Enes, freedom from NCAA KERNEL EDITORIAL The NCAA clearinghouse has yet to proclaim Enes Kanter eligible to play for UK. The wait has extended more than one month after the date Calipari anticipated, according to a Sep. 8 Kernel article. This is an extraordinary disservice to the university, the fans and the team, given the small roster this year. However, this comes as no surprise given the NCAA’s lack of urgency when declaring lack of eligibility. Look no further than Renardo Sidney from Mississippi State, who still has to miss eight games this season (and the entire season last year) for a an excellent case in point. Putting a freeze on the Kanter decision concerns more than UK, however. When athletes have been deemed qualified, the clearinghouse can change their status at any given moment. USC Reggie Bush won the Rose Bowl, and just this year, they found he took money from an agent. Consequentially, the NCAA clearinghouse took away his wins and his trophy. Essentially, the NCAA clearinghouse is irrelevant. Even if Kanter is declared eligible, the NCAA could change its mind again before, during or after the season. There should be a time limit on these decisions, like any legal system. And the verdict should be indisputable. This decision is a precedent for every school in the future, so the decision should be quick and painless because the rest of the country is watching. LETTER TO THE EDITOR I skim the Kernel every morning, and was surprised to see an article in Tuesday’s Kentucky Kernel entitled, “Private practice: Young team holds practice for students and faculty,” which described a semi-closed basketball practice by the men’s team. Noting that the Kernel title only mentioned faculty and students, I was surprised that Athletics would specifically exclude the 9,500 staff employees who work for UK. After doing a little research, I found that on the Athletics website, the event is described in this way: “The University of Kentucky men’s basketball team will host a faculty/staff and student practice on Tuesday, October 19 in Memorial Coliseum at 3:00 p.m.” The event as described by Athletics was certainly open to staff employees. Kernel, please remember that there are 9,500 full-time staff employees who work for UK. Sheila Brothers Staff Representative to the Board of Trustees

MATTHEW STALLINGS, Kernel cartoonist

Students stumped by midterm elections With tight races in the Senate, Congress and 39 governors' seats coming to a close, the political industry can be closely related to a war zone. Politicians are attacking their opponents from every angle in an attempt to gain enough votes to place them in office. While both parties agree America is experiencing a time of JESSICA political weakness, the TYLER finger is being pointed Guest in both directions. Recolumnist publicans blame the leftists, further pulling on the strings of discontent with each bill passed through a Democraticallydominated House. Democrats blame conservatives, unified in what they stand against, but far less certain what they stand for. The political fallacies are endless and further support the latest Glenn Beck ideology that America has infinitely regressed since the days of Benjamin Franklin's Thirteen Virtues and “help your neighbor” philosophies. But just how beneficial are these accusations in gaining voter enthusiasm?

As midterm elections draw near, politicians are taking desperate measures to contain the damage they might face. Former President Bill Clinton, one of the Democratic party’s strongest assets, visited UK recently to promote Jack Conway in his race for Senate. Why waste time campaigning among a portion of the voting population that is among the lowest voting bloc? For the reason of getting young voters back to the polls this year. It is critical for Democrats' hopes of hanging on to majorities in Congress, particularly in the Senate. While college students were one of the main components of the platform upon which the Obama campaign achieved its success, it is questionable how promising voter turnout will be at midterms. “Not just Barack Obama, but Democratic Candidates up and down the ticket...benefited from the higher than normal turnout among college-age voters in 2008,” UK political science professor Bill Swinford said. “In fact, some Democratic candidates probably won because of it. If those voters do not return in 2010, that's problematic.” When it comes to politics, most college students are looking towards the fu-

ture. During a time of economic uncertainty, many students are concerned with job availability in the years to come. “I'm definitely concerned about what kind of job opportunities will be out there once I graduate,” said UK freshman Casey Magyarics. “The repercussions that come with the wrong candidate holding office could impact my entire future.” So why aren’t students voting in what many described as “just midterms”? Most, simply answered: “lack of motivation.” UK senior Cameron Banks said the track-record of current political office-holders was evidence enough as to why voter turnout among the younger generation is so low. “Candidates spend so much time belittling their opponents. They ask for my vote — I ask 'what am I getting in return?,'” Banks said. So while the two parties fail to find common ground to stand upon – the nation consecutively shifting from Blue to Red – unpredictability of American voters keeps political candidates on edge and college students in the limelight. Jessica Tyler is a journalism and political science freshman. E-mail

The Kentucky Kernel

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For Rent 1 Bedroom Furnished 1BR & efficiencies. Utilities paid, no pets, close to campus. 266-6401 or 361-5197 Need person to Sub-Lease Apartment at 524 Angliana. $499/mo. Sub-lease by November 1st and get ½ off first month’s rent. 270-604-1405 $534 Room for Rent in 3 bedroom apt. Near Campus, Private Living. Call 859-226-5600 1 BLOCK FROM CAMPUS: 1 & 2BR, AC, parking. $395-up. 269-4129, 576-2761 call after 6pm. 1BR, Carpet, 2nd Floor, 1 Person, UK/Woodland Park. Quiet. $600/mo, bills paid, 859-539-3306 UK/Chevy Chase. 1 Person, $550/mo. Bills paid. Hardwood, quiet area. 859-539-3306. 2 Bedroom Great Location! Great Security! 2BR/1.5BA, Walk-in Closet, Pool, $750/month including utilities. Call Brad 983-0434 2BR/2.5BA HAMBURG TOWNHOME: SS appliances, W/D, Basement, Fireplace, 24-hour Gym, Pool, 2-car detached Garage, 859.229.4232 or 2BR/1.5BA, W/D Hookup, Clubhouse with pool. All new windows, Sutherland Drive, 2-story. $600/mo. 576-8844

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Personals Research Opportunities for Users of Stimulants for Non-Medical Reasons. Researchers with the University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Department of Behavioral Science are conducting research to examine the effects of medications. All information will be kept confidential. You may be eligible if you: are between 18 and 50 years of age, are using stimulants for non-medical reasons (for example, Adderall®, Ritalin®, Amphetamine, or Ephedrine). Eligible volunteers will be paid for their participation.You may be reimbursed for travel. Studies involve completion of one to 46 testing sessions depending on studies for which you may be eligible. Meals, snacks, movies, video games and reading materials will be provided. For more information and a confidential interview, please call 859257-5388 or 1-866-232-0038. Tobacco Smokers Needed for Behavioral Studies. Researchers with the University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Department of Behavioral Science are recruiting tobacco smokers ages 18-50 to participate in ongoing multiple research studies that evaluate the behavioral effects of prescribed FDA-approved medications. Qualified volunteers will be compensated for their participation. Potential volunteers should be current tobacco smokers who are not trying to quit. Studies involve completion of one to nine testing sessions. Studies are run in a pleasant setting. Snacks, movies, video games and reading materials will be provided. You may be reimbursed for travel. Please call (859) 257-5388 or 1(866) 232-0038 for more information. Investigators will return your call to discuss eligibility. Are you suffering from Adult ADHD? Do you smoke tobacco cigarettes? Do you have difficulty paying attention, focusing or organizing? Are you easily distracted? Do you sometimes feel fidgety and restless or act on impulse without thinking? Do these symptoms interfere with completion of your daily activities? Are you NOT currently taking medications to treat these symptoms? If you answered yes to some of these questions, you may be eligible to participate in a research study. Researchers with the University of Kentucky departments of Behavioral Science and Psychiatry are conducting an outpatient study examining the behavioral effects of FDA-approved medications. If you are

between the ages of 18 and 50, smoke and have some of these symptoms, call 859-257-5388 or toll free at 1-866-232-0038 for a confidential interview and for more information about this study. Qualified volunteers will be compensated for their time. You may be reimbursed for travel. Research Opportunities for Occasional Users of Opioids for Non-Medical Reasons. Researchers with the University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Department of Behavioral Science are conducting research to examine the effects of medications. All information obtained will be kept confidential. You may be eligible if you: are between 18 and 50 years of age; and have used opioids for non-medical reasons occasionally in the past year (for example OxyContin®, Lortab®, Vicodin®, or morphine). Eligible volunteers will be paid for their participation. You may be reimbursed for travel. Studies involve completion of one to 40 testing sessions depending on studies for which you may be eligible. Meals, snacks, movies, video games and reading materials will be provided. For more information and a confidential interview, please call 859-257-5388 or 1-866232-0038. LOOKING FOR M & F Social drinkers 21-35 years of age with or without ADHD. Researchers at the University of Kentucky are conducting studies concerning the effects of alcohol. Volunteers paid to participate. Please call 257-5794

Roommates Wanted Apartment at The Lex: 4th person needed to share 4BR/4BA apt. Close to campus, GREAT amenities, pool, free Wi-Fi and printing, workout room and more! $499/month + electric. Call Jared (270)7633204, Conner (270)300-0860 or Daniel (270) 872-9710

Lost & Found FOUND- TI-84 plus calculator in room CB 207. Contact the Math department, 257-6802, to claim.

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The Kentucky Kernel is not responsible for information given to fraudulent parties. We encourage you not to participate in anything for which you have to pay an up-front fee or give out credit card or other personal information, and to report the company to us immediately.

PAGE 4 | Monday, October 25, 2010 features

Pigeons help explain gambling behavoirs By Kendall Smith

When it comes to studying the gambling habits of people, perhaps the last thing anyone would expect is an experiment involving pigeons, but that is exactly what UK psychologist Thomas Zentall is doing. By having pigeons decide whether to gamble for a large amount of food or to recieve a consistent small amount of food, Zentall’s experiment has given interesting insight into why people gamble. “There’s a fundamental attraction to the jackpot that doesn’t seem to require a lot of cognitive functioning or the complexity of human thought behavior,” said Zentall. “There’s something fundamental about the behavior of animals in general that they’re attracted to this. We call it ‘maladaptive behavior.’” In Zentall’s study, pigeons choose between a light on the right and a light on the left. The light on the left changes to either red or green. If it turns green, the pi-

geons are awarded ten pellets, but if it turns red, they get nothing at all. The light on the right turns either yellow or blue, but no matter which color it turns, the pigeons are always awarded three pellets. “The rationale for human gambling is complex,” Zentall said. “Some people argue that humans gamble because they don’t understand the odds. For animals, you have to go through the experience. People say it’s fun to gamble, but for an animal it shouldn’t be fun to gamble because it decreases their probability of being fed.” Zentall has observed several factors that influence how much the pigeons gamble, and those factors are often similar to why people are influenced to gamble. “How hungry the pigeon is can make a difference,” Zentall said. “The environment can make a difference. Generally, people who can afford the expense less gamble more, and the same is true for pigeons. The hungrier they are, the less efficient they are as they try to gamble for more food.”

Using pigeons to study gambling habits has its benefits and can be far easier than using people, Zentall said, since an experiment requires manipulating various factors and conditions, like the environment. “Its really hard to get people to volunteer for a control group,” said Zentall. “With animals we can assign conditions so we can observe differences between the two groups.” Using animals to figure out certain aspects of human behavior is nothing new to science. “If we have an animal model, we can find ways to manipulate the animal’s environment or certain characteristics that will vary the degree to which it will gamble,” Zentall said. “That way we can find treatments for gamblers. If you have a model for a human behavior, you can begin to look at ways of reducing the likelihood of that behavior.” So what does the experiment suggest would be an effective treatment for those with gambling problems? The


What we learned: UK vs. Georgia By Ben Jones

1. The offense can’t make mistakes: Most of these losses aren’t the fault of the offense, which is scoring 34.8 points per game on the year (ranking 23rd nationally). But when the offense has three turnovers in the first half to set Georgia up with three easy touchdowns, the defense can’t do anything. Georgia’s four touchdowns in the first half came on drives of 23, 39 and five yards. The kickoff return for a touchdown was a backbreaker as well. The offense is keeping the Cats in these games, but the defense isn’t good enough to defend a short field when the offense turns the ball over in UK territory. 2. It’s time to try something new on defense: Since Southeastern Conference play began, the defense is giving up over 40 points per game. The 31 points scored by South Carolina were the fewest in any SEC game. When that happens, even the best offense won’t be able to win many games. Maybe defensive coordinator Steve Brown should blitz more, or maybe UK head coach Joker Phillips needs to have an open competition for every

FOOTBALL Continued from page 1 the gap and provide some hope to Cats fans that a dramatic second half comeback was in store. “You come in at halftime and it’s like, we’ve been here before,” UK head coach Joker Phillips said. “You show me a team that’s only given 96 yards and 28 points and I could tell before looking at the stats that you’ve probably turned it over and given up a big play on special (teams).” Unlike the second half last week, in which the UK defense pitched a shutout against the Gamecock offense, the Bulldogs came out of the locker room strong and Ealey scored his fourth touchdown of the game on the opening drive of the second half. “(The second half’s opening drive) did take some of the momentum that we had gained in the first half away from us,” Phillips said. UK’s offense opened the

starting spot on defense this week. If the defense can’t get stops consistently, maybe the best thing to do is to play for turnovers. Something has to change, because there hasn’t been significant improvement at any point this season by the defense. The defense has also had real trouble tackling northsouth running backs who can run over defenders. There are a couple undersized guys on the defense and that’s part of the problem, but there’s still lots of arm tackling going on. Poor technique on defense will yield big gains for opposing offenses when you play in the SEC.

4. Phillips is making some gutsy calls: Maybe he had more confidence after the South Carolina upset. Maybe he knows he has to take more risks on offense to hide the defense. But Joker has showed a propensity for some aggressive calls in the last couple weeks, like going for it on fourth-and-short in the first quarter or calling a trick play later in the first half. Punter Ryan Tydlacka only saw the field once on Saturday because the offense moved the ball well (when it wasn’t turning the ball over) and the coaching staff was willing to gamble at times.

3. DeQuin Evans has disappeared: The whole defense has been disappointing, but easily the biggest disappointment is Evans, who was elected captain before the year and was discussed as an All-SEC candidate. Through eight games, he has seven tackles and one sack. There are 17 players with more tackles than him, including little-known reserve safety Josh Gibbs and freshman Donte Rumph, who’s buried deep at defensive tackle. It might be time to consider changing Evans’ role on this team, because he’s been a non-factor to this point.

5. This is not a team that can win the SEC East: Yes, they were mathematically in it, but even if Saturday’s game didn’t eliminate them from contention, it’s pretty clear that this is not a team of that caliber. There was a lot of optimism entering the season and talk of there being 11 winnable games, and most of that is gone now. UK should have a real shot at every game left, but winning out is asking too much. A bowl game is still likely, but this isn’t the team that will make the leap fans have been waiting for.

second half with an interception in the end zone. The Cats would later cash in on a 10play drive capped by a King touchdown with 41 seconds left in the third quarter, but the clock was their enemy. So the Cats then tried to catch Georgia unaware with an onside kick attempt that failed, giving the ball back to Georgia at the UK 46-yard line. The Bulldogs capitalized with Ealey’s record-setting fifth touchdown to extend the lead to 41-17 and put the game out of reach. “Our field position was tremendous,” Georgia head coach Mark Richt said. “It’s hard to keep people out of the end zone when you have such a short field to defend.” UK senior quarterback Mike Hartline led two more touchdown-scoring drives in the fourth quarter, but the third straight slow start for UK negated the importance of either of those scoring drives. “Once again, we shot ourselves in the foot early and that’s something that just can’t happen,” Hartline said.

“The season is almost over and the SEC East is pretty much out of reach but we have to keep fighting for our best bowl game.” Game notes UK is 46-19 in Homecoming games since 1946… Former UK football players Marcus McClinton, John Conner and Jacob Tamme made cameo appearances during the game as part of the Homecoming festivities… Georgia scored on all six of its red zone opportunities; UK has stopped opponents once in the red zone all year…junior linebacker Danny Trevathan led the UK defense with 11 tackles; he’s led the team in tackles in seven of his team’s eight games this year and has posted doubledigit tackles in four straight games…King had two touchdown catches for the second consecutive game…freshman tailback Raymond Sanders had a career-highs in rushing (88) and receiving (88) yards. Follow Nick on Twitter @KernelCraddock.

environment might be one of the most primary factors, Zentall said. “If we think environment makes a difference, one form of therapy would be to get gamblers involved in outside interests like sports, clubs and

hobbies,” Zentall said. “That way, they don’t need to look to gambling for a sense of pleasure.” The experiment has picked up an immense amount of attention from all over the world. Zentall has

been contacted by BBC, CBC and a radio station in New Zealand among others to discuss the experiment and what it says about gambling habits. “It’s creating quite a lot of interest,” said Zentall.

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The pages of the Kentucky Kernel for October 25, 2010