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&dk[if*sm.Zpfjrpf a&;ol- cifarmifapm(bmvif+rdK@) r=umvSao;aom umvtwGif;u &d[ k if*smqdkaompum;vHk;udk }udrfzefrsm;pGm =um;&cJhyg.? tcsdK@Eidk fiHjcm;owif; pmq&m qdkorl sm;u 4if;wd@k udk tom;ay;a&;om;ae=uonfudk awG@&ygonf? olwdk@.a&;om;csufrsm;wGif &cdkifvlrsdK;ESifh &cdkif jynfta=umif;jr_yfxm;+yD; wcgr#jrefrmhordkif;wGifa&m Edik fiHwumordik f;wGifyg r=um;zl; rawG@zl; rygzl;aom &d[ k if*smqdkolrsm; u ajrmufOD;rif;qufukd wnfaxmifcJhygonf? ajrmufOD;rif;qufrS bk&ifrsm;onf rlqvifbmom0ifrsm;jzpf=u+yD; jrefrmbk&if bdk;awmfbk&m;u 1784ckepS fwGif &cdkifjynfudkord f;,laomtcg 4if;wd@k udkarmif;xkwfvu dk f+yD; Ak'<bmom0if rmC(ac:) rCf (Magh) vlrsdK;rsm;udk 4if;wd@k ae&mwGif ae&mcsxm;ay;onf? ,ckvuf&Sd &cdkifqdkolrsm;rSm 4if;rmCvlrsdK;rsm;ESifh bdk;awmfbk &m;. Armppfom;rsm;rS qif;oufaygufzGg;vmaom rsdK;rppfujym;rsm;jzpfonf? ,ckvuf&Sd ppftpdk;&uvnf; bdk;awmfbk&m; vkyfykt H wdkif; vdkufvkyfaeonf? xdk@a=umifh &d[ k if*smrsm;.b0rSm ygvufpwdkif;vlrsdK;rsm;. uH=urRmuJhodk@ oem;p&mjzpfaeyg+yD ponfjzifh vuf&JZuf&Ja&;vm=uygonf? xdkowif;pmq&mrsm;. tmabmfoufoufuo dk m zwf&+yD; olcdk;u vlvl[pfo!fhZmwfvrf;ESifh ordkif;a=umif;udk rodaom urBmhpmzwfy&dowftcsdK@rSm olwdk@axmifacsmufY rduke=f uygawmhonf? jrefrmjynfudk yGJvef@wkef;zsmcif;csifo!fh oif;wdk@.t}uHESifh Zmwfvrf;trSefudk odoltvGefenf;yg;a=umif; 0rf;enf;pGmodcJh&ygonf? Zmwfa=umif;rSefuo dk dol tenf; i,fESifh ordkif;okawoDwdk@u jzpf&yftrSefudk&Sif;jy=uaomfvnf; “usm;usm;rD;,yf” tvkyfcH=u&ygonf? xdk@a=umifh pma&;ol onf 1993ckEpS f arvtwGif;u bmvif+rdK@wGifusif;ycJhaom jrefrmha&;&mpmwrf;zwfyGJwiG f xdkudpPESifhywfouf+yD; pmwrf;wifcJh ygonf? okawoDrsm;=um;rSmjzpfI atmifjrifr&_ cJhygonf? ,ckvnf; “&d[ k if*sm” ta=umif;okawoe jyKxm;csufrsm;udk wif jyvdkygonf? &d[ k if*smqdkaomtrnfudk 1950ckESpfrsm;rwdik frDu rnfolr#r=um;zl;yg? rnfo!fhpmtkyw f Gifr#vnf; rygzl;yg? udkvdkeD acwfu a&;om;cJhaom pmtkypf mwrf;rsm;wGifvnf; rawG@&yg? arm&pfaumvpf tp&Sdo!fh&cdkifordkif;ta=umif; pmtkyrf sm; pGm yk*~dKvf}uD;rsm;. pmtkypf mwrf;rsm;wGifvnf; 4if;emrnfEiS fh qifwl,dk;rSm;aomfr#rygyg? jrefrmjynf vGwfvyfa&;&cgpu a&mifpko H lykew f dk@ay:aygufvm&mwGif &cdkifjynfajrmufyidk f;udk jrefrmjynfrScGJxkw+f yD; rlqvifEdkifiHvkyfvdkol ac:awmukvm;rsm;. “rl*sm[pf” qdkaomolyket f zG@J wzGJ@vnf;ygcJhygonf/ 4if;ukvm;trsm;pkrSm jrefrm Ekid fiHwGif;odk@cdk;0ifvmol rlqvifw,loefrsm;jzpf=u+yD; 4if;wd@k udk “umqif”qdkou l acgif;aqmifygonf? tcsdK@rlqvifEdkifiHrsm; u 4if;wd@k udkulnD=uygonf/ odk@&mwGif 4if; “rl*sm[pfwdk@rSm Armhwyfrawmf acgif;aqmifaom jrefrmhvufeufudkifwyfaygif;pk wdk@. wdkufppfurdk cHEdkifawmhbJ vufeufcs=u&ygonf? olwdk@u ac:awmukvm; b*FgvDukvm; paomtac:wdk@udkr}udKufI rdrd wdk@udk,u f dk rdrdwdk@bmom “&d[ k if*sm”[k trnfopfuifyeG f;wyf=uygonf? rnfo!fh ordkif;wifemrnfrSr[kwfyg? odk@&mwGif jrefrmhwdkif;&if;om;pm&if;Y rx!fhrjzpfx!fh&ap&ef “ukvm;zefxdk;xm;aomZmwfvrf;” tcsdK@&aSd eygonf? trsm;odap&ef azmfjyvdku&f ygonf? yg;pyf&mZ0ifvkyfxm;aom Zmwfvrf;tcsdK@udkazmfjy&aomf yxrZmwfvrf;um; jrefrmpum; “&Gma[mif;uusm;” &cdkifoH (Rwahaung ga Kyar) uvmonf[l.? ,kwWdvHk;0r&Sdygacs? twif;jrefrmr_jyKxm;jcif;jzpfygonf? =u!fhjrifwidk f udk (Come and dine) ykZGefawmifudk (Push him down)wdk@rS qif;oufjzpfay:vmonfqdkaom “r[mysifjim,Sd*sD;” . t awG;tac:rsdK;om jzpfygonf? 'kwd,Zmwfvrf;rSm wcgu r*dktifyg,mrS yoDrif;om;wyg;onf ppf&_H;I aemufvdkuaf emufygrsm;ESifhtwl &cdkif jynfo@dk xGufajy;vmcJh=u+yD; &cdkifbk&ifxHwGifcdkfv_HaecJh=u&onf [lowwf? 4if;rif;om;.tar[m “rd[ k mruf &m[if” jzpfo jzifh 4if;wd@k rSqif;oufvmolrsm;udk “&m[ifus”? 4if;rS umva&G@vsm;vmaoma=umifh “&d[ k if*sm” jzpfvmonf[lownf;? 4if;Zmwfvrf;rSmvnf; ordkif;a=umif;ESifhrudkufnD “vH=uKyf”Zmwfvrf;om jzpfygonf? ordkif;a=umif;t&aomfum; c&pfouU&mZf 1661ckEpS fwGif r*dk{u&mzf =o&efppf.nDawmf &Sm&SL*smonf aemifawmf udk ykefuef&mwGifratmifjrifI &cdkifjynfYvma&mufcdkvH&_ onf? tpwGif &cdkifbk&if ajrmufOD;a&$eef;awmf&iS f pENok"rRu vuf cHxm;ygonf? odk@aomf &cdkifbk&ifu r*kdrif;om;.orD;awmfudk awmfaumuf&efawmif;qdk&mwGif &Sm&SL*smu racsriHjiif;qef vdkufojzifh r*dktm;vHk;rSm okwfoifowfjzwfjcif; cH&avawmh.? 4if;&efr;D yGg;a=umifh &cdkifbk&ifrSmr*dkwk@d ESifh ppfjzpf&+yD; 1666 ckESpfwGif ppfwaumif;e,fudk vufv$wfvdkuf&avawmhonf? xdktcgrpS I ppfwaumif;e,frmS ukvm;ydkife,ftjzpfodk@ vHk;0 usa&mufoGm;&+yD; &cdkifjynfrSmvnf; tiftm;qkwf,kwfvmawmh.? Tonfum; &cdkifrif;qufysufokOf;jcif; tpwnf;? 4if; ordkif;a=umif;ygudpPudk urBmausmf b*FgvDpmqdkawmf}uD; &mbifj'mewf(of)w*dk;u jyKjyifZmwfvrf;qif+yD; &cdkifrdbk&m;trnf jzif h 0wˆKa&;zl;ygonf? 4if;0wˆKudk t*Fvdypf ma&;q&m a*smhu,fvf&Gefu jyZmwftjzpf wifqufz;l ygonf? oHwGJom; pma&;


q&m wuUodkvfeENrdwf (ac:) OD;wifatmifuvnf; 4if;jyZmwfudk jrefrmbomjyefzl;ygonf/ w*kd;.Zmwfvrf;rSm ordkif;yg t csut f vufrsm;ESifh rudkun f Da=umif; towfcH&o!fhZmwfodr;f r[kwfbJ olwdk@ESpfOD; “nm;=uavownf;” jzifh Zmwfodr;f xm;a=umif; bmomjyefol wuUodkvfeENrw d fu axmufjycJhygonf? tus,fudk aiGwm&Dr*~Zif; trSwf(119) 1970ck arv xkwfwGif zwf&_Ekid fygonf? wuUodkvf eENrdwfu &cdkifbk&if.trnfudk iuko[kazmfjyxm;ygonf? trSefrmS pENok"rRjzpfyg onf? iukoveef;pHEpS fESifh yoDrif;om;a&mufcsdef rudkun f Dyg? iukovrSm &cdkif&mZ0ifY “rif;qdk;rif;npf”tjzpf azmfjyavh&Sd ojzifh Tod@k rSm;oGm;[efwlygonf? rnfo@dk yifjzpfap 4if;Zmwfvrf;rSmvnf; “&d[ k if*sm”ESifh rnfodk@r# roufqdkifyg? yxr t csurf Sm rif;om;.trnfrSm “&Sm&SL*sm”jzpf+yD; “&m[if”r[kwfa=umif; ordkif;wGif txift&Sm;ygygonf? 'kwd,tcsufrSm 4if; wdk@tm;vHk; &cdkifbk&if. okwfoifjcif;cHvdku&f jzifh rsdK;quftpG,t f yGg; rusefEdkifawmhyg? ta=umif;trsdK;rsdK;a=umifh tquft EG,ftcsdK@ usefcJhygv#ifvnf; tom;jzLaomr*dkrsm;om jzpf&ygrnf? ,ckuJhodk@ b*FgvD ppfwaumif;pum;ajymolrsm;awmh rjzpf Edik fyg? xdk@a=umifh 'kwd,Zmwfvrf;rSm ordkif;a=umif;rS twif;qGJxm;o!fh Zmwfvrf;[kqdkygu rSm;rnfrxifyg? wwd,Zmwfvrf;wck &Syd gao;onf? “&d0k ef!Sm” qdkaompum;rS qif;oufvmonf? &cdkfifoHjzifh (Ro-wannya) rS vmonf[l.? yxrZmwfvrf;uJhok@d yif ,lq&rnfjzpfygonf? tajctjrpf taxmuftxm; rawG@&yg? pwkwˆZmwf vrf;rSm cyfa&;a&;awmh&dyS gonf? 4if;Zmwfvrf;t& ajrmufOD;acwf &cdkifjynf.=oZmcH rlqvifEdkifiHwEdkifiH &Scd Jhonf? 4if;jynf udk “&Hjk ynf”? &cdkifoHjzifh (Roang Pryee)/ jrefrmoHjzifh (Yoang Pyee) [kac:onf? “&Hrk if;om;” wyg;ESifh aemufvdkuf rsm; &cdkifjynfwGif vma&mufcpm;aexdkifonf? xdkolrsm;udk “&Ht k dru f s”[kac:cJh&mrS umva&G@vsm;I “&dk[if*sm” jzpfvmonf [l.? r[mynmausmf av#mufx;Hk "n0wDta&;awmfykH paomusrf;rsm;wGif “&Hyk oDjynf”rS “&H”k rif;onf &cdkifbk&if rif; zavmif;}uD;ESifh trwf}uD; r[mynmausmfwdk@udk av;pm;=unf!dkvSI om;awmf “&Hkrif;om; &Smtvif”ESifh aemufygw axmifudk ajrmufOD;+rdK@awmfo@dk apv$wf+yD; “r&rm”bmompum;/ pmay/ ,Ofaus;r_wdk@ukd avhvmoif,lapa=umif; yg&ySd g onf? odk@&mwGif 4if;wd@k tkypf k &cdkifjynfwGif tajccsaexdkifa=umif;awmh rygyg? xdk@a=umifh pwkwˆZmwfvrf;udk ordkif;ESifhnDrnD pDppf=uygp@dk ? “&Hrk if;om; &Smtmvif”ESifh aemufvdkuaf emufygwdk@rSm “r&rm” (jrefrm)pmay pum; ,Ofaus;r_wdk@udk rif;z avmif;}uD;acwfrSyif oif,lcJh&+yD;jzpf&um; aemufESpaf ygif; (400) eD;yg;=umo!fh ,ckacwfwGif 4if;wd@k . tquftEG,rf sm;rSm jrefrmpum; &cdkfifpum;ponfwdk@udk aumif;pGmwwf&ygrnf? a&$bcdk &dkifrS jrefrmrlqvifrsm;ESifh A&if*sDtquftEG,frsm;u oufaocHygvdrfhrnf? Oyrm uG,fvGefol usm;b+idr;f (rEWav;+rdK@ a&$usm;vufa0S@tzG@J udk wnfaxmifol) rSm a&$bo dk m;ppfppf jrefrmrlqviftppf}uD; jzpfygonf? olwdk@ aqGrsdK;wodkufv;Hk jrefrmAk'<bmom "avhxHk;pHrsm;udk rd&dk;zvm Ak'<bmomtcsdK@ xufyif od=uygao;onf/ xdk@a=umifh olwdk@nDtudkrsm;udk tcsdK@u “urR0g!Syfr!fh rlqvifrsm;”[k uifyGef;wyfcJh=u&ygonf? ,ck &d[ k if*smqdkolrsm;udk=u!fhyg? rkwfqdwfu wawmifavmufESifh b*FgvD ppfwaumif;pum;uvGJI bmpum;r#rwwf=uyg? xdk@a=umifh pwkwZˆ mwfvrf;rSmvnf; ,kwWdr&Sdyg? 0g&ifh owif;pmq&m}uD; a=u;rHkOD;aomif; (pma&;q&m atmifAv). tqdkt& &d[ k if*smqdkaomemrnfudk tvHeD uGefjrLepfrsm;u “rl*sm[pf” olykefrsm;twGuf xGifay;cJhaomemrnfjzpfa=umif; 1951ckEpS frsm;tpydkif;u tvHeDrsm;ESifh rl*sm [pfrsm;rSm “,m,Dr[mrdwf” zG@J xm;+yD; zqyvtpdk;&udk wdkufcdkufae=ua=umif; rl*sm[pfrsm;u olwdk@twGuf ordkif;0ift rnfwck &Smay;cdkif;ojzifh tvHeDrsm;uuif;yGef;wyfay;cJhjzpfa=umif; rnfo@dk t"dy`g,f&Sdonfudkawmh olwdk@vnf;rod rnfolr# vnf; ,ckwdkifvnf;roda=umif; 4if;wd@k udk,fwidk f ,ckvuf&Sdtcsdew f Gif jrefrmtpdk;&qef@usifol jzpfaeaomfvnf; T&dk[if*sm udpPuo Jh dk@ wdkif;jynfepfemr!fh yGJvef@wke;f zsmcif;o!fh udpPrsdK;wGifawmh vHk;0raxmufEdkifcHEdkifa=umif; bmvif+rdK@wGif uGefz&ifh wufvmpOfu pma&;oltm;&Sif;jyzl;onf? &d[ k if*sm qdkaomtrnfrmS tvHeDrsm;uxGifay;cJhaom trnfjzpfonfqdkaopum;rSm ,kwWd&Sdygonf? tvHeDrsm; onf trnfopfxGif&mwGif yg&*lajrmufouJo h dk@ emrnfajymifay;&mwGif wzufurf;cwf+yD; tEGwWonmork'f&mYvnf; twk vHolrsm;jzpfI olwyg;tm;emrnfzsuf&m udpPrsm;wGifawmh olrwlatmif xl;c|efolrsm;jzpf=uyg.? 4if;udpPtm;vHk;wGif rnfol r#r,SOfo!fh pyg,f&S,fvpfrsm; jzpf=uygonf? OD;Ektpdk;&udk romwckt&if;jyKwJh “iEk”tpd;k &[k Adv k fcsKyfatmifqef;ESifh tmZm enf}uD;rsm;. Tokbudt k jrwfxkwf+yD; rJEdkifonf[k tusdK;,kwf t&SufcGJ oduQmcscJholrsm; jzpfygonf? 4if;wd@k “oHk;ygwDr[m rdwf” odrf;ydkufxm;o!fh vGwfajrmufaome,fajrrsm;wGif ausmif;oH;k a'gif;wHqdyf jrefrmoifykef;}uD;yg “bl;oD;EkEkrcl;&/ ig.'l; em.” paom zwfpmrsm;tpm; 4if;wd@k topfxGifxm;aom “rqyv vcr&? r0w0/ c%c%/ tm%mjy” paom “Edik fiH a&; oifykef;}uD;rsm;”udk oifapcJholrsm;vnf; jzpf=uygay.? tvHeDacgif;aqmif}uD; ocifpk;d rSm [dkpponfpp pmtkyrf sm;zwf+yD; emrnfopfxGifwwfol jzpfygonf? Oyrm “tEkyÉdavmr &kyf0g'” paom o'NgrrSefo!fha0g[m&rsm;udk wDxGifcJhov l nf; jzpfyg .? &cdkifwdkif; tvHeDacgif;aqmif ausmfZH&$DrSm &cdkifwOD;jzpfojzifh 4if;wd@k onf “&Hjk ynf” (Roang Pree) ta=umif;udk =um;zl;em; 0jzifh “&Hjk ynfom;rsm;” (Roangian) [laomtrnfudk &SmazGay;cJhjcif; jzpfwef&mygonf? jrefrmEdkifiHom;jzpfa=umif; }uHzef ta=umif;jy&r!fh “rl*sm[pfa[mif;” rsm;u 4if;trnfukd c%rqdik f; 0rf;omtm;& vufcHvdkuf=u[ef&Sdygonf?


“Roangian” udk “Ro-an-gian”[k toHxGuf&mrS toHxGufrrSefojzifh ukvm;oHjzifh “Ro-hin-gya” “&d[ k if*sm” jzpf vmEdik fp&m &Syd gonf? ,ck aemufxyfcdk;0ifvm=uaom “&dk[if*sm”qdkorl sm;ESifh 4if;wd@k udktm;ay;aeaom “owif;pmq&m” “ordkif;q&m” qdkot l rsm;pkrSm 0r&Sb d J0dvkyfcsifolrsm;jzpfI xif&mudkpGwfajym+yD; “,kwfwrf;” “&rf;wkwf” =ujcif;jzpfygonf? ordkif;a=umif;udk taotcsm avhvm=u[efrwlyg? rdrdu, dk fudkrdrd “bmrm;tdypf ywf” owif;pmq&m rmwifprpfu 4if;. aqmif;yg;wGif “vuf&pSd pftpdk;&”onf &cdkifjynf.a&S;a[mif;rlqvif trnfrsm;udk armtrnfo@dk ajymif;ypfaeonf? Oyrm Arakan rS Rakhine odk@ajymif;onf? Akyab rS ppfawG Sandoway rS oHwGJ? Cheduba rS rmefatmif ponfjzifh ajymif;ypfonf [k a&;xm;ygonf? tus,f&iS f;jy&ef vdktyfrnfrxifyg? “paumavmufrS apmufreufaomn%f”jzifh a&;om;xm;jcif;jzpf onfudk pm&_oltm;vHk; od=urnfjzpfygonf? 4if;uJo h dk@aom yk*dK~ vf}uD;r[kwfaom “ykyfu, dk f}uD;”rsm;&Sdojzifh txufyg “&dk [if*sm Zmwfvrf;rsm;” ay:aygufvmonf[k ,lq&efom&Sdygawmhonf? xdk “ykyfu, dk f}uD;”rsm;. vufcsufrsm;rSm tvGef a=umufp&maumif;ygonf? owif;pmvGwfvyfcGifhukd rw&m;toHk;csjcif;yif jzpfygonf? 4if;wd@k onf wae@ae@wGif “jrefrm tpd;k &onf ordkif;0iftrnf Rangoon rS Yangon odk@ajymif;ypfonf? Rangoon qdkonfrmS b*Fvm;a'h&Sf ajrmufydkif;&Sd Rangunla (Rangonla) e,fom; ukvm;rsm;u wnfaxmifaom+rdK@ jzpfonf? 4if;wd@k a'o&if;udpk I GJ ay;xm;cJhaom trnfjzpfonf? jrefrmtpdk;&u twif;jrefrmr_jyK+yD; &efukef[ak jymif;ypfonf paomvH=uKyfZmwfvrf;rsm;udkvnf; wDxGif aumif; wDxGifygvdrfhrnfOD;rnf? apmifhom=u!fh=uayawmh t&yfuwdk@[[ k m [pfvu dk fcsifygbdawmhonf? 1970 ckeSpfrsm;twGif;u acwfpm;cJhaomaw;wyk'u f dk owd&vmygonf? oDqo dk l.trnfudk rrSwfrdawmhyg? rSwfrd aompmom;rSm “yGv J ef@wkef; zsmcif;rvd@k }uH&G,f aemufrSa&mufvmwJh udk,fvlvnf/ olusrudkcspfw,f? arwWmae&may;uG,f usrrSmcspfol&w Sd ,f &Sifi&J}uD;vdrfhr,f” [lIjzpfygonf? 4if;aw;oGm;twdkif; pmom;ajymif;+yD; yGv J ef@wkef; zsmcif;rvd@k }uH&G,f taemufua&mufvmwJh ukvm;vnf ol@udk,fol “&d[ k if*sm”wJhuG,f? &cdkifjynfrSm eifw@dk twGuf ae&mr&Sdw,f? vlrsm;jynf udk vdkcsif&if “*s[merf” i&Jtdk;rSm aZmufxdk;usvdrfhr,f[k qdkcsifpdwfaygufae+yD jzpfyga=umif;wifjy&if; ed*Hk;csKyftyfygonf?

So called Rohingya Root  

Simple and clear explanation of the root of Bengali Invasion in Arakan