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Latin America Culture Book

By: Kazushi Matsumoto

Mexico


Colonization: ○ The Spanish people were the first to take over the Aztec Empire. ○ They were led by Hernán Cortés. ○ Smallpox, brought to Southern America by Spanish people, devastated the Aztecs and killed almost 3 million of them. ○ September 16, 1810, New Spain declared independence from Spain. ○ August 24, 1821, New Spain became its own country, Mexico. Culture: ○ Mexico’s famous artists are Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, Rufino Tamayo, Federico Cantú Garza, David Alfaro Siqueiros and Juan O'Gorman. ○ Mexico’s architecture is greatly affected by the Spanish people in spain. ○ The foods in Mexico comes from a mix of Spain and America. Economy: ○ Mexico has the 13th largest nominal GDP and the 11th largest by purchasing power parity. ○ GDP annual average growth for the period of 1995–2002 was 5.1% ○ Even though the GDP is slightly high, there are some very poor areas ○ The poor people are somewhat ignored in the government, so that is why there are so many illegal immigrants. Life Today: ○ Education is very widely spread in Mexico.

Central America & The Caribbean ●

Colonization: ○ The Spanish people came to the Caribbean when they first Colonized the “New World”


○ Portuguese ships also came to the Caribbean land. Culture: ○ The climate is very tropical warm, so the clothing they wear is a little different. ○ It has been influenced by Europeans and traditions. ○ Africans and other races began to mix to make the culture we have now. Economy: ○ Not rich in natural resources. ○ The most important resource is its tropical island setting. ○ Tourism is very common in the Caribbean. ○ Oil and Coal can be harvested in some areas. Life Today: ○ Tourism is an everyday thing you see at the Caribbean. ○ Some people fish, some people work at tourism spots.

Spanish Speaking South America ●

Spanish Conquest: ○ Francisco Pizarro and his army captured a Inca civilization in the 1532 battle of Cajamarca.


The Spanish brought many diseases that the natives didn’t have the immune system to handle, which killed more than a million natives. ○ First to explore this area was Christopher Columbus. ○ Then, more and more people came to the new world. ○ Many Conquistadors tried to change the native faith into christianity. Culture: ○ South America has many diverse cultures. ○ This includes the Native cultures, and the European cultures. ○ Roman Catholic is the most dominant religion in this area. ○ South America has a VERY diverse culture to music. ○ The food is even a mix of Asian, European, and African. Economy: ○ South America holds 6% of the world’s population. ○ Since the 1990’s South America has experienced major economic growth. ○ South America relies heavily on exports. Education: ○ The levels of education in Chile are: ● Preschool: For children up to 5 years old. ● Primary school: For children aged 6–13 years old, divided into 8 grades. ● Secondary school: For teenagers aged 14–17 years old, divided into 4 grades. ○ Higher education: ● University: These are divided between "traditional" universities and private institutions. ● Professional Institute: Private institutions offering professional degrees. ● Technical Schooling Center: They are private institutions offering technical degrees only. ○


Brazil ● ●

History: ○ Colonized by the Portuguese. Culture: ○ Many different types of food, and religions. ○ Main Portuguese Culture. ○ Main religion is Roman Catholics. ○ Culture is also affected by African Cultures. ○ Baroque is the most commonly known artistic style. Economy: ○ Largest economy in Latin America ○ The world’s sixth largest economic power. ○ They rely on exports and natural resources. ○ Tourism is also common.


Latin America Culture Book  

Kazushi's Latin America Culture Book

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