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CSIR energy solutions in their respective geographies. These municipal IRPs or Municipal Electrical Master Plans (MEMPs) could then also start to establish the business case for the municipal role in the sustainable energy transition, leveraging municipal competencies and integrating spatially dependent local resources and opportunities. The Just Energy Transition (JET) aims to ensure that the aforementioned transition occurs in a just manner considering environmental, economic and social effects with the goals of decent work for all, social inclusion and the eradication of poverty. A broad overview of the current just transition landscape that should be further investigated is provided in Figure 1 where key stakeholders are highlighted. It is notable that most stakeholders do not or have not contributed to all spheres of the just transition (most specialise in a one or two specific spheres only). Similarly, local government is not in this graphical illustration (yet) but most definitely should be as a ground-up approach to the JET is essential for success. These two items also illustrate part of the reason as to why South Africa does not have a consolidated just transition plan or planning framework. There is critical quantitative and qualitative research, stakeholder consultation and planning necessary over the coming months and years necessary to identify the economic,

technical, cost and socio economic impacts of the transition in South Africa to better understand the benefits for various sectors as well as South African society as a whole. The immediate impacts seen at a local government level will be real and substantial. How new investments in new sustainable electrical infrastructure investments (driven by power generation capacity) as an input to sustainable growth needs to be well

understood. Local resources should be leveraged and network infrastructure linkages created to ensure any negative impacts of the transition are mitigated and benefits are maximised whilst enabling all social partners to make the best decisions as geographies transition. By Ruan Fourie and Jarrad Wright Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

Figure 1 • • • • • • •

Effect on bio-diversity GHG emissions Air quality Resource use Land use Research Institutions: CSIR, SEA, WWF, SANBI, Water research Council, TIPS, Oneworld Stakeholders: GCF, DEFF, IKI, NPC, UNECA, MPG, Agora, Earthlife Africa, Ground work, World Bank

• Economic growth • Number and quality of jobs • Government spending • Economic diversification • Skills • Research Institutions: CSIR, TIPS, Greencape, NBI, UCT, Meridian • Stakeholders: DPME, EDD, NT, IKI, Dti, IPPO, Exxaro, Eskom, Sasol, EIUG, GIZ, MPG, Chamber of mines, Agora, Res4Africa, Labour Unions, World Bank

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Municipal Focus

Enviromental Effects

Social Effects

Economic Effects

Technical and Cost Effects

• Health impacts • Community participation • Quality of life • Crime • Other social pathologies • Research Institutions: CSIR, YES, NBI, Oneworld, SEA • Stakeholders: DPME, NPC, DSD, IPPO, UNECA, MPG, Labour Unions

• • • • •

Cost of various technologies Impacts on electricity tariffs Grid stability and reliability Research Institutions: CSIR, ESKOM, UCT, Meridian Stakeholders: DPE, DOE, NT, NERSA, SASOL, GIZ, MPG, World Bank

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Municipal Focus Volume 52  

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