Page 1

Craftech Industries’ High Performance Plastics Materials Guide

Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


Material Summaries

ABS-Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene is a copolymer made by polymerizing styrene and acrylonitrile in the presence of polybutadiene. The styrene gives the plastic a shiny, impervious surface. The butadiene, a rubbery substance, provides resilience even at low temperatures. A variety of modifications can be made to improve impact resistance, toughness, and heat resistance. ABS is used to make light, rigid, molded products such as piping, musical instruments, golf club heads, automotive body parts, wheel covers, enclosures, protective headgear, and toys including Lego bricks.

Acetal (Delrin®, Celcon®)-Acetal is a thermoplastic polymer manufactured by the polymerization of formaldehyde. Sheets and rods made of this material possess high tensile strength, creep resistance and toughness. Acetal is used in precision parts requiring high stiffness, low friction and excellent dimensional stability. Acetal has high abrasion resistance, high heat resistance, good electrical and dielectric properties, and low water absorption. Many grades are also UV resistant. CPVC-CPVC resin is made by the chlorination of PVC resin and is used primarily to produce piping. CPVC shares many properties with PVC, including low conductivity and excellent corrosion resistance at room temperatures. The extra chlorine in its structure also makes it more corrosion resistant than PVC. Whereas PVC begins to soften at temperatures over 140°F, CPVC is useful to temperatures of 180°F. Like PVC, CPVC is fire-retardant. CPVC is readily workable and can be used in hot water pipes, chlorine pipes, sulfuric acid pipes, and high-pressure electric cable sheaths. Halar (ECTFE)- A copolymer of ethylene and chlorotrifluoroethylene, Halar® is a semi-crystalline melt processable partially fluorinated polymer. Halar® ECTFE is particularly suitable for use as a coating material in protection and anti-corrosion applications thanks to its unique combination of properties. It offers high impact strength, chemical and corrosion resistance Craftech Industries, 2013

over a wide temperature range, high resistivity and a low dielectric constant. It also has excellent cryogenic properties. G10-G10 is an electrical-grade, dielectric fiberglass laminate epoxy resin system combined with a glass fabric substrate. G10 offers excellent chemical resistance, flame ratings and electrical properties under both dry and humid conditions. It also features high flexural, impact, mechanical and bond strength at temperatures up to 130°C. G10 is suitable for structural, electronic, and electrical applications as well as pc boards. Isoplast®- Originally developed for medical use, Isoplast is available in long glass fiber-filled grades. Isoplast combines the toughness and dimensional stability of amorphous resins with the chemical resistance of crystalline materials. The long fiber reinforced grades are strong enough to replace some metals in load bearing applications. Isoplast is also sea water and UV resistant, making it ideal for underwater applications. Ixef® Polyarylamide (PARA)-IXEF® provides a unique combination of strength and aesthetics, making it ideal for complex parts that require both overall strength and a smooth, beautiful surface. IXEF® compounds typically contain 50-60% glass fiber reinforcement, giving them remarkable strength and rigidity. What makes them unique is that even with high glass loadings, the smooth, resin-rich surface delivers a high-gloss, glass-free finish that is ideal for painting, metallization or producing a naturally reflective shell. In addition, IXEF® PARA is an extremely high-flow resin so it can readily fill walls as thin as 0.5 mm, even with glass loadings as high as 60%. Kynar® PVDF-PVDF resins are used in the power, renewable energies, and chemical processing industries for their excellent resistance to temperature, harsh chemicals and nuclear radiation. PVDF is also used in the pharmaceutical, food & beverage and semiconductor industries for its high purity and availability www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


in a multitude of forms. It can also be used in the mining, plating and metal preparation industries for its resistance to hot acids of a wide range of concentrations. PVDF is also used in the automotive and architectural markets for its chemical resistance, excellent weatherability and resistance to UV degradation.

moisture and watery environments well.

Nylon 46- Nylon 46 is primarily used in higher temperature ranges where stiffness, creep resistance, continuous heat stability and fatigue strength are required. Therefore Nylon 46 is suitable for high quality applications in plant engineering, the electrical industry and in automotive applications under the hood. It LCP - Liquid crystal polymers are high-melting-point is more expensive than Nylon 6/6 but it is also a vastly thermoplastic materials. LCP exhibits natural hysuperior material which withstands water much better drophobic properties that limit moisture absorption. than Nylon 6/6 does. Another natural trait of LCP is its ability to withstand significant doses of radiation without degradation of PCTFE- PCTFE, formerly called by its original trade physical properties. In terms of chip packaging and of name, KEL-F, has higher tensile strength and lower electronic components, the LCP materials exhibit low deformation under load than other fluoropolymers. coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) values. Its It has a lower glass transition temperature than other major uses are as electrical and electronic housings fluoropolymers. Like most or all other fluoropolymers because of its high temperature and electrical resisit is inflammable. PCTFE really shines in cryogenic tance. temperatures, as it retains its flexibility down to -200°F or more. It does not absorb visible light but is suscepNoryl® (PPE) - The Noryl® family of modified PPE tible to degradation caused by exposure to radiation. resins consists of amorphous blends of PPO polyPCTFE is resistant to oxidation and has a relatively phenylene ether resin and polystyrene. They combine low melting point. Like other fluoropolymers, it is the inherent benefits of PPO resin, such as affordfrequently used in applications that require zero water able high heat resistance, good electrical properties, absorption and good chemical resistance. excellent hydrolytic stability and the ability to use non-halogen FR packages, with excellent dimensional PEEK-PEEK (Polyetheretherketone) is a high strength stability, good process ability and low specific gravity. alternative to fluoropolymers with an upper continuTypical applications for Noryl® PPE resins include ous-use temperature of 250°C (480°F). PEEK exhibits pump components, HVAC, fluid engineering, pack- excellent mechanical and thermal properties, chemical aging, solar heating parts, cable management, and inertness, creep resistance at high temperatures, very mobile phones. It also molds beautifully. low flammability, hydrolysis resistance, and radiation resistance. These properties make PEEK a preferred Nylon 6/6-Nylon 6/6 is a general-purpose nylon that product in the aircraft, automotive, semiconductor, can be both molded and extruded. Nylon 6/6 has and chemical processing industries. PEEK is used for good mechanical properties and wear resistance. It wear and load bearing applications such as valve seats, has a much higher melting point and higher intermit- pump gears, and compressor valve plates. tent use temperature than cast Nylon 6. It is easy to dye. Once dyed, it exhibits superior colorfastness and PES - Ultrason® PES (polyethersulfone) is a transis less susceptible to fading from sunlight and ozone parent, heat resistant, high performance engineering and to yellowing from nitrous oxide. It is frequently thermoplastic. PES is a strong, rigid, ductile mateused when a low cost, high mechanical strength, rigid rial with excellent dimensional stability. It has good and stable material is required. It is one of the most electrical properties and chemical resistance. PES can popular plastics available. Nylon 6 is much more withstand prolonged exposure to elevated temperapopular in Europe while Nylon 6/6 is hugely popular tures in air and water. PES is used in electrical appliin the USA. Nylon can also be molded quickly and in cations, pump housings, and sight glasses. The matevery thin sections, as it loses its viscosity to a remark- rial can also be sterilized for use in medical and food able degree when molded. Nylon does not withstand service applications. Along with some other plastics www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130 Craftech Industries, 2013


such as Ultem® (polyetherketone), it is relatively trans- flex-life, high load-bearing capacity and outstanding parent to radiation. resistance to weather, ozone, radiation, oil, gasoline and most solvents. Teflon® (PTFE)- PTFE is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. It is hydrophobic and is used as Polypropylene-Polypropylene is a thermoplastic polya non-stick coating for pans and other cookware. It is mer used in a wide variety of applications including very non-reactive and is often used in containers and packaging, textiles (e.g. ropes, thermal underwear and pipework for reactive and corrosive chemicals. PTFE carpets), stationery, plastic parts and reusable containhas excellent dielectric properties and a high melting ers, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive temperature. It has low friction and can be used for components, and polymer banknotes. A saturated applications where sliding action of parts is needed, addition polymer made from the monomer propylene, such as plain bearings and gears. PTFE has a wide it is rugged and unusually resistant to many chemical variety of other applications including coating bullets solvents, bases and acids. and use in medical and laboratory equipment. Given its many uses, which include everything from an Polysulfone-This high-performance thermoplastic additive to coatings, to its uses for gears, fasteners and resin is noted for its ability to resist deformation unmore, it is, along with nylon, one of the most widely der load in a broad range of temperature and enviused polymers. ronmental conditions. It can be effectively sanitized with standard sterilization techniques and cleaning Polycarbonate (PC, Lexan ®)- Amorphous polyagents, remaining tough and durable in water, steam carbonate polymer offers a unique combination of and chemically harsh environments. This stabilistiffness, hardness and toughness. It exhibits excellent ty makes this material ideal for applications in the weathering, creep, impact, optical, electrical and ther- medical, pharmaceutical, aircraft and aerospace, and mal properties. Available in many colors and effects, it food processing industries, as it can be irradiated and was originally developed by GE Plastics, now SABIC autoclaved. Innovative Plastics. Because of its extraordinary impact strength, it is the material for helmets of all kinds PVC-PVC is commonly used for wire & cable appliand for bullet-proof glass substitutes. It is, along with ances, medical/healthcare appliances, tubing, cable nylon and Teflon®, one of the most popular plastics. jacketing, and automotive appliances. It has good flexibility, is flame retardant, and has good thermal Polyethylene (PE)-Polyethylene can be used for stability, a high gloss, and low (to no) lead content. film, packaging, bags, piping, industrial applications, The neat homopolymer is hard, brittle and difficult to containers, food packaging, laminates, and liners. It is process but it becomes flexible when plasticized. Polyhigh impact resistant, low density, and exhibits good vinyl chloride molding compounds can be extruded, toughness and good impact resistance. It can be used injection molded, compression molded, calendered, in a wide variety of thermoplastics processing meth- and blow molded to form a huge variety of products, ods and is particularly useful where moisture resiseither rigid or flexible depending on the amount and tance and low cost are required. type of plasticizers used. Due to its wide use as indoor and inground wastewater piping, thousands and thouPolyurethane-Solid Polyurethane is an elastomeric sands of tons of PVC is produced every year. material of exceptional physical properties including toughness, flexibility, and resistance to abrasion Radel R-5000®-Radel R-5000® is a transparent polyand temperature. Polyurethane has a broad hardness phenylsulfone which offers exceptional hydrolytic range from eraser soft to bowling ball hard. Urethane stability, and toughness superior to other commercombines the toughness of metal with the elasticicially available, high-temperature engineering resins. ty of rubber. Parts made from urethane elastomers This resin also offers high deflection temperatures and often outwear rubber, wood and metals 20 to 1. Other outstanding resistance to environmental stress crackpolyurethane characteristics include extremely high ing. It is used for automotive, dental, and food service www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130 Craftech Industries, 2013


applications as well as hospital goods and medical appliances. Rexolite®- Rexolite® is a rigid and translucent plastic produced by cross-linking polystyrene with divinylbenzene. It is used to make microwave lenses, microwave circuitry, antennae, coaxial cable connectors, sound transducers, TV satellite dishes and sonar lenses.

tion molded but, like most thermoset plastics, it must be post-cured in an oven. Its relatively complicated processing makes this material expensive, stock shapes in particular.

UHMW- Ultra High Molecular Weight (UHMW) Polyethylene is often referred to as the world’s toughest polymer. UHMW is a linear, ultra high-density polyethylene which has high abrasion resistance as well as high impact strength. UHMW is also chemical resisRyton® (PPS)-Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS) offers the tant and has a low coefficient of friction that makes it broadest resistance to chemicals of any high perfor- highly effective in a variety of applications. UHMW mance engineering plastic. According to its product can be cross-linked, reprocessed, color-matched, maliterature, it has no known solvents below 392°F chined and fabricated to meet most customer require(200°C) and is inert to steam, strong bases, fuels ments. It is extrudable but not injection moldable. Its and acids. However, there are some organic solvents natural lubricity leads to extensive use for skids, gears, which will force it to soften and craze. Minimal bushings, and other applications where sliding, meshmoisture absorption and a very low coefficient of ing or other forms of contact are required, particularly linear thermal expansion, combined with stress-rein the papermaking industry. lieving manufacturing, make PPS ideally suited for precise tolerance machined components. Ultem 1000®, Ultem 2300®- Ultem® is a semi-transparent high temperature plastic material with extremely Santoprene®-Santoprene® thermoplastic vulcanizates high strength and stiffness. Ultem® is resistant to hot (TPVs) are high-performance elastomers that com- water and steam and can withstand repeated cycles in bine the best attributes of vulcanized rubber – such a steam autoclave. Ultem® has outstanding electrical as flexibility and low compression set – with the properties and one of the highest dielectric strengths processing ease of thermoplastics. In consumer and of any commercially available thermoplastic material. industrial product applications, the combination of It is often used instead of polysulfone when superior Santoprene TPV properties and ease of processing strength, stiffness, or temperature resistance is redelivers improved performance, consistent quality quired. Ultem® is available in glass-filled grades with and lower production costs. In automotive applicaenhanced strength and stiffness. It is another plastic tions, the light weight of Santoprene TPVs contribwhich finds many uses under the hood in trucks and utes to improved efficiency, fuel economy and reautos. Ultem 1000® has no glass in it. Ultem 2300® is duced costs. Santoprene also offers numerous benefits filled with 30% short glass fiber. in appliance, electrical, construction, healthcare and packaging applications. It is often also used to over- Vespel- Vespel is a high performance polyimide mamold items such as toothbrushes, handles, etc. terial. It is one of the highest performing engineering plastics currently available. Vespel will not melt and Torlon® (PAI)-Torlon® polyamide-imide (PAI) is a can operate continuously from cryogenic temperatures high strength plastic with the highest strength and to 550°F (288°C) with excursions to 900°F (482°C). stiffness of any plastic up to 275°C (525°F). It has Vespel components consistently exhibit superior outstanding resistance to wear, creep, and chemicals, performance in a variety of applications requiring low including strong acids and most organic chemicals, wear and long life in severe environments. It can be and is ideally suited for severe service environments. used for rotary seal rings, thrust washers and discs, Torlon is typically used to make aircraft hardware and bushings, flanged bearings, plungers, vacuum pads, fasteners, mechanical and structural components, and thermal and electrical insulators. Its one drawtransmission and powertrain components, as well as back is its relatively high cost. A ¼” diameter rod, 38” coatings, composites, and additives. It may be injec- long, can cost $400 or more. www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130 Craftech Industries, 2013


Material Properties Properties

Units

Molded or Machined? Dielectric Strength

______ V/mil

Elongation at yield

%

at fail Flexural Modulus at yield

10 psi

Flexural Strength Izod impact strength notched Maximum Service Temperature Melting Point

ABS

Acetal

CPVC

G10-FR4

Both

Both

Machined Both

D-149

812.8

500

Machined 1250

D-638

5

D-790

15 350-400

400

Halar® (ECTFE)

2,000

NR

5

60 375

NR 360

270

250-260 170-325

2,585

2,480

1,862

1,172-2,240

D-790

2,4132,757 9.9-11.8

13

14.5-17

65

7

D-256

68-81 4

90 1.3

100-117 1.5

448 12

48.3 No Break

joules/m °F D-648

214 176

69 180

80 200

641 285

292

°C °F

82 347

93 395

140

D-789

80 450-500

D-785

232-260 R105

175 R120

201 R117-122 M110

240 R90

D-792

1.05

1.42

1.55

1.82

1.68

D-638

6,500

7,600

38,000

4,200-4,300

C-177

44.8 .96-2.16

8,8009,500 61-66 1.6

52 .96

262 2

29-30 1.09 .16 V-0

3

Mpa 103psi Mpa ft-lb/in

°C Rockwell Hardness R, M scales Specific Gravity ______ Tensile Strength at yiel

ASTM Test Method

psi

Thermal conductivity

mpa Btu-in/ hr-ft-°F

UL Flammability

W/m-k _______ UL 94

.14-.31 HB

.23 HB

.14 V-0

.288 HB

Water absorption

%/24hr.

.3

.21

.03

.1

Craftech Industries, 2013

D-570

144 464

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Properties

Units

Molded or Machined? Dielectric Strength

______ V/mil

D-149

Elongation at yield

%

D-638

5.1

6

at fail Flexural Modulus at yield

10 psi

D-790

140 189

160 261

2 2,901

50-250 170-325

100 375

1,303

1,800

20,000

2,585

D-790

14.1

360

41.3

1,1721,750 6.5-9

D-256

97 2.4

248 .6

285 1.78

45-62 20-80

83 13

128

32

95

694

246

Flexural Strength Izod impact strength notched Maximum Service Temperature Melting Point

3

Mpa 103psi Mpa ft-lb/in joules/m °F °C °F

°C Rockwell Hardness R, M scales Specific Gravity ______ Tensile Strength at yiel

ASTM Test Method

psi

Isoplast 301

Isoplast 101, 40% lgf

IXEF® 1521

Kynar® (PVDF)

Polycarbonate (Lexan®)

Molded

Molded

Both

Both

762

260

125 100

D-648

248

1,0684,270 300

D-789

446-482

428-473

120 518

150 330

220-245 R116

270

D-785

230-250 R123

165 R79-83

R118

D-792

1.2

1.19

1.75

1.2

D-638

10,000

27,000

27,600

10,500

69

186

5,0007,000 34-48 1.09 .16 V-0

.19

Thermal conductivity

mpa Btu-in/ hr-ft-°F

C-177

190 2.78

UL Flammability

W/m-k _______ UL 94

.4 V-0

Water absorption

%/24hr.

Craftech Industries, 2013

12

D-570

.19

.17

.15

475

72 1.35

.02

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Properties

Units

Molded or Machined? Dielectric Strength

______ V/mil

D-149

Elongation at yield

%

D-638

at fail Flexural Modulus at yield

10 psi

Flexural Strength Izod impact strength notched Maximum Service Temperature Melting Point

Noryl® (PPE)

Nylon 6/6

Nylon 46

PCTFE

Both

Both

Molded

Machined Both

500

1,500

25 330

4-6 410

40 435

150 185-255

50 595

2,275

2,826

3,000

4,099

D-790

13.5

17

21.8

1,2761,758 8.5

D-256

93 3.5

117 .55-1

150 19

59 7.6

170 1.6

joules/m °F D-648

187 221

29-53 220

1,000

406 300

85 480

°C °F

D-789

105 310

104 500-509

150 410-420

249 640

D-785

154 R119

260-265 M96

75 90 Shore D

338 R126

D-792

1.08

1.14

210-215 75-80 Shore D 2.1

D-638

9,200

14,503

14,500

100 1.53

4,6005,725 32-40 1.4-1.5

3

D-790

Mpa 103psi Mpa ft-lb/in

°C Rockwell Hardness R, M scales Specific Gravity ______ Tensile Strength at yiel

ASTM Test Method

psi

500

167

Thermal conductivity

mpa Btu-in/ hr-ft-°F

C-177

1,2001,300 83-85 1.5-1.7

UL Flammability

W/m-k _______ UL 94

V-1

.22-.25 HB

.22 27 V-2

.2-.22 VE-0

Water absorption

%/24hr.

.007

.6-1.2

2.3

0

Craftech Industries, 2013

63.4

D-570

PEEK

25

100

.15

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Properties

Units

Molded or Machined? Dielectric Strength

______ V/mil

D-149

Elongation at yield

%

D-638

at fail Flexural Modulus at yield

10 psi

Flexural Strength Izod impact strength notched Maximum Service Temperature Melting Point

PEEK, 30% PES® glass filled

PFA®

Polycarbonate

Polyethylene (LDPE)

Both

Both

Both

Both

Both

482

660

380-399

460-700

5.5

100-130

100

2.2 1,495

50-100 420

300 90

135 340

400 29

10,310

2,895

625

2,344

199

D-790

34

16

14

1.5

D-256

233 1.8

111 1.6

joules/m °F D-648

96 480

85 356

°C °F

249 633

180

3

D-790

Mpa 103psi Mpa ft-lb/in

°C Rockwell Hardness R, M scales Specific Gravity ______ Tensile Strength at yiel

ASTM Test Method

psi

D-789

10 No Break

300

908 212

160

150 590

100 284

71 244

D-792

334 R124, M103 1.49

D-638

22,800

12,000

4,000

9,000

1,400

83 1.13

28 1.7

62 1.35

1.5

.25 V-0

.19 V-2

HB

.15

<.01

D-785

118 45 Shore D

1.37

310 140 64 Shore R118 D 2.12-2.17 1.2

R127

Thermal conductivity

mpa Btu-in/ hr-ft-°F

C-177

157 1.4

UL Flammability

W/m-k _______ UL 94

.2 V-0

.16 V-0

Water absorption

%/24hr.

.11

1.85

Craftech Industries, 2013

97 No Break 17

D-570

.92

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Properties

Units

Molded or Machined? Dielectric Strength

______ V/mil

D-149

Elongation at yield

%

D-638

at fail Flexural Modulus at yield

10 psi

Flexural Strength Izod impact strength notched Maximum Service Temperature Melting Point

3

Polysulfone

Polyurethane

Machined Both

Both

Molded

2,300

650

425

300-500

18

6

200

400 88

150 150

45 390

100-1000 10-100

1,379

606

1,034

2,689

68-689

D-790

3.5

7

15

.7-4.5

D-256

24 No Break

48 2

103 1.3

5-31 6

69 300

320 150

D-790

Mpa 103psi Mpa ft-lb/in

Polyethylene (HDPE)

UHMW PE

Both 1,270

3

Polypropylene

joules/m °F D-648

160 248

180

107 212

°C °F

120 266

82 275

100 340

149 630

65 367

136 62 Shore D

171 R85

332 R120

186 R119

D-792

130 Shore D 60-67 .95

.9

1.24

1.03-1.5

D-638

4,550

5,800

4,000

10,200

C-177

31 2.43

40 2.84

28 .81

70 1.8

1,75010,000 12-69

°C Rockwell Hardness R, M scales Specific Gravity ______ Tensile Strength at yiel

ASTM Test Method

psi

D-789 D-785

Thermal conductivity

mpa Btu-in/ hr-ft-°F

UL Flammability

W/m-k _______ UL 94

.35 HB

.41 HB

.12 HB

.26 V-1

HB

Water absorption

%/24hr.

<.01

<.01

.01

.3

.2-1.5

Craftech Industries, 2013

D-570

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Properties

Units

Molded or Machined? Dielectric Strength

______ V/mil

D-149

Elongation at yield

%

D-638

at fail Flexural Modulus at yield

10 psi

Flexural Strength

103psi

Izod impact strength notched Maximum Service Temperature Melting Point

PVC

RADEL® R-5500 NT

Rexolite®

Ryton® PPS, 40% glass

Santoprene®

Both

Both

Both

Molded

1,413

380

Machined 500

385

810

330

7.2 25 420

60-120 350

3 18

2 1,000

2,896

2,410

124

6,895

D-790

13

13.2

18

23

D-256

86 1.3

91 13

124 1.2

159 1

joules/m °F D-648

69 140

690 410

64 212

53 450

275

°C °F

210 680

100

232

135

D-789

60 360

D-785

182 R115

360 M80

R110-120 R125

80 Shore A

D-792

1.37

1.29

1.05

.96

D-638

7,450

10,100

10,500

13,000

680

70

72 1.23

89 2.1

4.69

.177

.3 V-0

3

D-790

Mpa

Mpa ft-lb/in

°C Rockwell Hardness R, M scales Specific Gravity ______ Tensile Strength at yiel

ASTM Test Method

psi

Thermal conductivity

mpa Btu-in/ hr-ft-°F

C-177

51 .96

UL Flammability

W/m-k _______ UL 94

.14 V-0

V-0

Water absorption

%/24hr.

.05

.37

Craftech Industries, 2013

D-570

.08

HB

.02

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Properties

Units

Molded or Machined? Dielectric Strength

______ V/mil

D-149

Elongation at yield

%

D-638

at fail Flexural Modulus at yield

10 psi

Flexural Strength Izod impact strength notched Maximum Service Temperature Melting Point

Teflon (PTFE)

Torlon® ULTEM 4301(PAI) 1000®

ULTEM 2300®

Vespel®

Machined

Both

Both

Both

Machined

600

580

830

770

560

7-8 210 100

10 600

80 500

3 850

7.5 450

689

4,136

3,447

5,860

3,102

No Break

24

20

27

16

3

165 2

138 .5

186 1

110 .8

joules/m °F D-648

160 500

107 500

27 340

53 340

43 500

°C °F

260

171 338

171

260

D-789

260 621

D-785

327 R15

D-792

3

D-790

Mpa 103psi Mpa ft-lb/in

°C Rockwell Hardness R, M scales Specific Gravity ______ Tensile Strength at yiel

ASTM Test Method

psi

D-790 D-256

M120

170 R125

R127

2.2

1.41

1.27

1.51

1.43

D-638

3,000

18,000

15,200

17,000

12,500

124 1.8

105 .85

117 1.56

86 2

Thermal conductivity

mpa Btu-in/ hr-ft-°F

C-177

21 1.7

UL Flammability

W/m-k _______ UL 94

.25 V-0

.26 V-0

.12 V-0

.22 V-0

.29 V-0

Water absorption

%/24hr.

<.01

.4

.25

.18

.24

Craftech Industries, 2013

D-570

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Chemical Resistance Data Alcohols, Ammonia Amyl Aniline Methyl Gas Acetate D D D

Benzene

ABS

Acetaldeyde Acetone Alcohols, Isopropyl D D C

Acetal

A

B

A

A

D

B

A

A

CPVC G10-FR4

D A

D C

C A

A C

A A

D A

D A

D A

ECTFE

C

A

A

A

A

B

A

A

Isoplast

D

A

C

A

D

A

A

IXEF PVDF

A D

A

A

C

A C

C

A

B

D

PC

D

PPE

D

D

D

D

A

B

D

D

D

B

C

B

C

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

C

B

A

A

Nylon

B

A

PCTFE

A

A

PEEK

A

B

A

D

A

PES

D

A

HD/LD-PE

C

A

A

A

A

D

A

D

PFA PSU

A A

A B

A B

A A

A A

A D

A D

A D

PU PVC PPSU

D D

D D A

D A A

D A B

D A

D D B

D D

D D B

A

A

Rexolite®

C

Ryton PPS®

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

Santoprene®

B

B

B

A

A

D

A

C

PTFE PAI

A A

A A

A A

A

A C

A A

A A

A A

Ultem® UHMW-PE Vespel®

D A A

C A A

A A A

B A B

C

D A A

A C

C B A

C

A-No attack, possibly slight absorption. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. B-Slight attack by absorption. Some swelling and a small reduction in mechanical properties likely. C-Moderate attack of appreciable absorption. Material will have limited life. D-Material will decompose or dissolve in a short period of time. Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


Benzene Sulphate Aq.

Boric Acid Aq.

Butyric Calcium Acid Hypochlorite D

Carbon Chloral Chlorine Tetrachlo- Hydrate Aq. ride D

Chlorusulphonic Acid aq.

Acetal

A

D

D

A

D

D

CPVC

A

D

B

C

A

D

G10-FR4

A

A

A

C

B

C

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

D

A

A

C

D

A A A

A D D

C A

A D D

C C

D C D

A

B

D

A

D

D

A

A

A

A

A

D

C A

D A

ABS

ECTFE

A

Isoplast

A A

IXEF PVDF PC PPE

B

Nylon

D

PCTFE PEEK

A A

PES HD/LD-PE PFA

A

A A

A

A A

A A

A A

D

A

D

B

A

PSU

A

PU

A

D

D

D

PVC

A

A

A

C

PPSU

A

A

B

Rexolite® Ryton PPS®

D

D D A

A

C

A

C A

Santoprene® PTFE

A

PAI Ultem® UHMW-PE

C C

Vespel®

A

A

A

A

D

D

A

A

A

D

C

D

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A A A

D D

A

B

A

A

C

A A

A

A

A-No attack, possibly slight absorption. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. B-Slight attack by absorption. Some swelling and a small reduction in mechanical properties likely. C-Moderate attack of appreciable absorption. Material will have limited life. D-Material will decompose or dissolve in a short period of time. Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


Chromic Acid Aq. B

Citric Acid Aq. B

Cresylic Acid

ABS

Chloroform D

Acetal

A

D

B

D

CPVC

D

A

A

A

C

A

A A

G10-FR4 ECTFE

A

A

A

Isoplast IXEF

D

A

A

PVDF

B

B

A

A

PC

D

C

A

D

PPE

D

D

A

Nylon

D

C

C

D

PCTFE

A

A

A

A

PEEK

A

A

A

A

PES

D

HD/LD-PE

C

A

A

D

PFA

A

A

A

A

PSU

D

D

A

PU

D

D

A

D

PVC

D

A

A

A

PPSU

D

Rexolite®

C

Ryton PPS®

A

Santoprene®

A

Cyclohexanol Cyclohexananone Diesel Oil D

A

A

A

D

D

D

A A

A

A

A

B

D

A

A

A

C

D

A

D

D

D

B

A

A A

A

A

A

D

D

A

D

D

A A

D

A

D

C

D

D

A

A

B

C

B

A

A

A

A

C

A

A

B

D

D

D

PTFE

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

PAI

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

Ultem®

D

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

C

A

UHMW-PE Vespel®

A

A

A-No attack, possibly slight absorption. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. B-Slight attack by absorption. Some swelling and a small reduction in mechanical properties likely. C-Moderate attack of appreciable absorption. Material will have limited life. D-Material will decompose or dissolve in a short period of time. Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


Ether, Diethyl

Ethyl Acetate

ABS

D

D

Ethylene Ethylene Ferrous Fluorine Fluosilicic Formaldehyde Dichloride Glycol Chloride Acid Aq. Aq. Aq. Aq. D A A A A B

Acetal

A

A

B

B

D

D

A

A

CPVC

D

D

D

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

D

C

A

G10-FR4 ECTFE

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

Isoplast

C

D

A

A

A

D

A

A

IXEF

B

PVDF PC PPE Nylon

A

A

D

D

D

C

D

A

A A

D B

A B

A C

PCTFE PEEK

A

D A

A

PES

D

HD/LD-PE PFA

C

A C

A

C

D

A D

A B

A A

A

A

D

A A

A A

C

D

A

C A

C

A

A A

PSU

A

D

B

PU PVC

A

A D

D D

B A

B A

PPSU

A

B

C

A

A

Ryton PPS®

A

A

A

A

A

D

A

A

Santoprene®

B

A

C

A

A

D

A

A

PTFE PAI Ultem® UHMW-PE

A A A A

A A C A

A A D

A A C A

A A

D A

A C

C

A

A A A A

A

A

C

C

A

D A

D

C A A

Rexolite®

Vespel®

A

A-No attack, possibly slight absorption. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. B-Slight attack by absorption. Some swelling and a small reduction in mechanical properties likely. C-Moderate attack of appreciable absorption. Material will have limited life. D-Material will decompose or dissolve in a short period of time. Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


ABS

Gasoline, Glycerine Heptane Hydrobromic Hydrochloric Hydrofluoric Hydrogen PerUnleaded Acid Acid Acid oxide .5% D A D A B C A

Acetal

A

A

A

D

C

D

D

CPVC

C

A

A

A

A

C

A

G10-FR4

A

A

A

A

B

B

D

ECTFE

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

Isoplast

A

A

A

A

A

D

A

IXEF

A A

A

A

A

A

B

D

D

A

PVDF PC

A

A

C

PPE

D

A

B

B

A

D

A

Nylon

A

A

A

D

D

C

C

A

A

A

A

D

A

D

A

PCTFE

A

PEEK

A

A

A

PES

A

A

A

A

A A

A A

A A

B A

A A

A

A

A

A

B

A

D

D

D

B

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

HD/LD-PE PFA PSU

A

PU

D

PVC

A

A

A

A

PPSU

A

Rexolite®

A

A

Ryton PPS®

A

A

A

A

A

D

A

Santoprene®

C

A

C

B

B

D

A

PTFE PAI

A A

A A

A A

A A

A A

A A

A

Ultem®

A

B

D

A

C

B

UHMW-PE

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

Vespel®

A

A

A

A

A

A

A-No attack, possibly slight absorption. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. B-Slight attack by absorption. Some swelling and a small reduction in mechanical properties likely. C-Moderate attack of appreciable absorption. Material will have limited life. D-Material will decompose or dissolve in a short period of time. Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


ABS

Hydrogen Peroxide Aq. 3% A

Hydrogen Hydro- Iodine (in Sulphide quinone Alcohol) Aq. B D

Iodine (in Pot. Iodine) Aq. D

Lactic Linseed Lubricating Acid Aq. Oil Oil (Petro(10%) leum) D A B

Acetal

D

C

A

D

B

A

A

CPVC

A

A

A

D

A

A

A

G10-FR4

B

A

A

A

ECTFE

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

Isoplast

A

A

A

D

A

A

A

PVDF

B

A

A

A

A

PC

A

A

PPE

A

A

Nylon

D

B

PCTFE

A

A

PEEK

A

A

PES

A

A

HD/LD-PE

A

A

PFA

A

A

PSU

A

PU

B

D

PVC PPSU Rexolite®

A A

A A

Ryton PPS®

A

A

Santoprene®

A

A

A

PTFE

A

A

A

D

A

IXEF B A B

D

D

A

A

B

A

C

A

A

D

D

D

C

A

A

A A

A D

A

A

A

A

C

A

A

B

D

A

D

C

A A

A

B

B

B

A A

A A

A A

A

B

A

A

A

B

D

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

D A

A

D

UHMW-PE Vespel®

A B

A

A

PAI Ultem®

A

B A A

A A

A

A A

A A A

A A

A-No attack, possibly slight absorption. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. B-Slight attack by absorption. Some swelling and a small reduction in mechanical properties likely. C-Moderate attack of appreciable absorption. Material will have limited life. D-Material will decompose or dissolve in a short period of time. Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


Mercuric Methyl Chloride Chloride

Methyl Ethyl Ketone

ABS

Lye (Sodium Hydroxide) A

Oxalic Acid Aq.

D

Methylene Mineral Napthalene Nitric Chloride Oils Acid Aq. 10% D A D B

B

D

Acetal

D

B

C

B

B

CPVC

A

D

D

D

G10-FR4

A

A

A

B

ECTFE

A

A

A

Isoplast

A

A

A

A

A

A

D

C

A

D

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

D

D

A

A

B

A

IXEF

A

PVDF PC

A D

A

PPE

B

Nylon

A

PCTFE

D

D D

D D

A C

C D

B A

C A

A

D

D

D

A

D

A

A

C

C

A

C

A

A

D

C

A

D

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

PEEK

B

A

PES

A

HD/LD-PE

A

A

PFA PSU PU PVC

A B B

A A A A

PPSU

A

A A A D A

A

A

D

D

D

C

B

B

A

A

A D D

A A A A

A D B D

A A D A

A A D A

D

A

B

A

A

B D D C

Rexolite®

A

Ryton PPS®

A

A

B

A

A

A

A

A

A

Santoprene®

A

A

D

B

D

D

C

A

A

PTFE

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

PAI

D

A

A

A

A

Ultem®

A

D

D

C

A

A

UHMW-PE

A

A

A

D

A

A

A

A

Vespel®

C

B

A

A

A

C

A

A

A

A-No attack, possibly slight absorption. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. B-Slight attack by absorption. Some swelling and a small reduction in mechanical properties likely. C-Moderate attack of appreciable absorption. Material will have limited life. D-Material will decompose or dissolve in a short period of time. Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


Perchloric Acid Aq. ABS

Phenol PhosAq. phoric Acid Aq. 10% D C

Phthalic Propane Salicylic Sea Sodium Acid Gas Acid Water Hypochlorite Aq. 15% Cl

Sodium Nitrate Aq.

B

B

A

A

C

A

A

Acetal

C

D

C

C

A

CPVC

A

A

A

B

A

A

A

A

C

B

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

G10-FR4 ECTFE

A

A

A

A

A

Isoplast

A

D

A

A

A

C

A

B

PC

B

A

C

PPE

D

A

A

D

A A

IXEF PVDF

Nylon

D

D

D

B

PCTFE

A

A

A

A

PEEK

A

D

A

A

PES HD/LD-PE

B

A

A

PFA

A

A

A

A

A

A

PSU PU PVC

D A

PPSU

A

D C

A

A

A A

A A

A

C

A

A

A

A

D

C

A

A

A

A

A D

A

D

D

A

A B

D A

C A

A

A

D

A A

A A

A C A

A

A D

D A

B A

A

Rexolite® Ryton PPS® Santoprene®

A

A A

B B

A A

A

A

A A B

A A

PTFE PAI Ultem®

A

A

C

D

A A A

UHMW-PE

A

B

A

A

A

A

A

A

Vespel®

C

A

A

A

A

A

C

A

A-No attack, possibly slight absorption. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. B-Slight attack by absorption. Some swelling and a small reduction in mechanical properties likely. C-Moderate attack of appreciable absorption. Material will have limited life. D-Material will decompose or dissolve in a short period of time. Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


Trichlorethylene

Trisodium Turpentine Urea Phosphate

ABS

Styrene Sulphuric Toluene Trans(Monomer) Acid Aq. former 2% Oil B D A

D

B

D

B

Acetal

A

D

A

A

D

A

A

A

CPVC

D

A

D

A

D

A

A

A

G10-FR4

A

A

B

ECTFE

A

A

A

Isoplast

A

A

IXEF PVDF PC

A A

A

A

A

A

A

A

D

A

A

A

A

A

D

B A

B D

A A

A D

A

D

D

PPE

A

A

D

A

D

A

D

A

Nylon

A

C

A

A

C

A

B

A

A

D

A

A

A

A

A

PES

A

D

HD/LD-PE

A

D

PFA

A

PSU

A

D

A

A

A

D

A

D

A

D

A

D

B

A

PCTFE PEEK

PU

A

D

PVC PPSU

A

A D

B

D

A A

D

A

Rexolite®

C

A

C

Ryton PPS®

A

A

A

Santoprene®

C

A

D

PTFE PAI

A

A A

A A

Ultem®

A

A

D

A

A A

B A

UHMW-PE Vespel®

D

A A

C B

D

B

A

A

A

A

A

A

D

D

A

D

A

A A

A A

A

A A

A

A

A

D

B A

B C

A B

A-No attack, possibly slight absorption. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. B-Slight attack by absorption. Some swelling and a small reduction in mechanical properties likely. C-Moderate attack of appreciable absorption. Material will have limited life. D-Material will decompose or dissolve in a short period of time. Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


Xyelene Xylenol

ABS

Vegetable Water, Oils Fresh B A

Acetal

A

A

A

A

D

CPVC

D

G10-FR4

A

A

A

ECTFE

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

Isoplast IXEF PVDF PC

A

A

A

D

PPE

A

A

B

D

Nylon

A

A

A

A

PCTFE

A

A

D

PEEK

A

A

A

PES

A

D

HD/LD-PE

A

D

PFA

A

A

PSU

A

A

D

PU

A

A

D

A

D

A

B

PVC PPSU

A

Rexolite®

A

D

C

Ryton PPS®

A

A

A

Santoprene®

A

A

D

PTFE

A

A

A

PAI

A

A

A

A

Ultem®

A

A

C

A

UHMW-PE

A

A

A

Vespel®

B

A-No attack, possibly slight absorption. Negligible effect on mechanical properties. B-Slight attack by absorption. Some swelling and a small reduction in mechanical properties likely. C-Moderate attack of appreciable absorption. Material will have limited life. D-Material will decompose or dissolve in a short period of time. Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130


NB: 1) The information listed above is intended as a guide only. Companies should do their own testing when using the above materials. Craftech Industries cannot be held responsible for any of the information listed above. 2) We apologize for any blank fields. The authors have done their best to provide the most detailed information possible.

Craftech Industries, 2013

www.craftechind.com (800) 833-5130

Guía de materiales plásticos de alto rendimiento  

Una guía, creada por Craftech Industries, que incluye información técnica de muchos de los mejores plásticos, incluyendo nylon, polipropile...

Guía de materiales plásticos de alto rendimiento  

Una guía, creada por Craftech Industries, que incluye información técnica de muchos de los mejores plásticos, incluyendo nylon, polipropile...

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