Beyonce donated Gaddafi performance fee
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NO: 15017 - Friday, March 4, 2011
Ready to negotiate
MANAMA: Bahraini anti-government protesters relax in a makeshift tent yesterday at the Pearl roundabout in Manama. The Shiite opposition groups seeking to loosing the Sunni monarchy’s grip on power in Bahrain are ready to talk to the Gulf nation’s rulers about political change after weeks of protest, a leading opposition figure said yesterday. — AP ( See Page 10)
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Years of Themes: Fifty ars e, Twenty Ye Independenc of Liberation
Shoot & Win from 25th h FFebruary b till ill 30th hM March h
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
It is not only about aerosol foam sprays
We should knock on wood
By Muna Al-Fuzai
By Sawsan Kazak
he recently conducted Kuwait Times poll has provoked many readers into debating whether the ban on aerosol foam sprays is justiﬁed. Most readers agreed that violators should be penalized, and levied a KD50 penalty. The police were serious about enforcing the law this year and it helped people behave. Is enforcing the law a diﬃcult task? It is not - if men in uniforms are impartial and resist the pressure of ‘wasta.’ The issue is not solely about preventing teenagers and children from spraying foam on pedestrians and motorists. It is about how easily people can be made to observe and respect a country’s laws or regulations. If the ﬁne amounts to a hefty sum, people will think twice before crossing the line. During the recently held National Day celebrations, Ministry of Interior decided to not let anyone spoil the occasion. On February 25, some children used water sprays. At least this time, the crowd could watch the ﬁreworks. This year, the public engaged in activities other than roam the streets and bother every living person! Now, celebrations are over. We should see to it that the law is enforced equally.
he Middle East, actually the whole world, is undergoing change. Revolutions, uprisings and protests have swept many nations, encouraging and sometimes forcing transformations. But with revolutions and uprisings come instability and uncertainty, positions that are sometimes scary to be in. Job security, social security and education are but a few of the worries that people in these changing nations have to fret about; not to mention wondering what the future holds. As stimulating as revolutions sound, I can’t help but feel really thankful to be in a country that is stable both ﬁnancially and socially. Kuwait may have its moments of political problems that need altering, but in comparison to other nations, they are minor alterations. I am not a superstitious person, but I do ﬁnd myself knocking on wood whenever someone speaks about the state of Kuwait. I am excited for the changes taking place around the world and the remarkable historic events that are occur-
ring. I am proud and amazed by the courage and ingenuity that some human beings have shown in the face of adversity; all of which have allowed me to appreciate Kuwait even more. By having such steadiness and security, I ﬁnd myself sympathizing with other nations where the people do not know what the future holds, where going to work or school is not an option and simply going to the supermarket is impossible. I have never appreciated my routine so much. Knowing that I will wake up, go to work and maybe see a few friends later sounds simple enough; I now understand that it is a luxury. The luxury is in the fact that stability allows me to do that. My heart, mind and support goes out to those ﬁghting for more security and stability in their own nations. I know I will not take mine for granted anymore.
Local FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
From the editorâ€™s desk
There are always two sides to a story
By Abd Al-Rahman Alyan Editor-in-Chief
ome people have to learn how democracy works, especially when you are in the opposition. Itâ€™s no secret that some MPs in Kuwait are not happy with Prime Minister Sheikh Nasser AlSabah. These MPs have blatantly announced on several occasions that they believe Sheikh Nasser is not fit for the position of prime minister. Constitutionally, MPs have the right to use all their parliamentary tools and options to prove their case against the prime minister. They can hand in a grilling motion, which they have already done on several occasions. The grilling motion was denied many times because it failed to rally enough support to go through. However, it was accepted on two occasions and the prime minister survived the vote of no-confidence twice in the span of two years. These MPs have failed constitutionally in their opposition against the prime minister, so in a democracy, this means that they failed to get enough parliamentary support to vote out the PM. This also shows that the majority of parliament and the people they represent donâ€™t believe in the oppositionâ€™s cause and allegations. In a democratic process, there are always those who win the vote and those who fail to promote their agenda. At the end of the day, both sides must have the best interests of the country at heart and those who failed should accept the outcome of the vote. However, when people have a personal hidden agenda, they donâ€™t really care about majority rule, so they apply any method possible - even if it destabilizes the country. Kuwait is not a police-run state; the democratic process is getting stronger by the year and people are being held accountable for their decisions. Ministers have been forced to quit and cabinets have resigned, meaning that the parliament actually works. So if it works, why are some MPs taking the fight out of parliament by calling for public rallies and announcing a demonstration against the prime minister on March 8? If there was a vote of no-confidence against the PM and he failed to win it and he remained in his position as PM, I would understand that the majority are not getting what they want. Given the current situation, the majority have given their confidence to the prime minister and holding a demonstration which in my opinion means that the minority vote wants to cause chaos since they canâ€™t convince the majority of their point of view. To me it seems like these MPs have a hidden agenda that is now looking more like a personal vendetta against the prime minister regardless of whether he is fit to run the country or not. There can only be the following explanations to their persistence and taking matters to the streets: A- Someone within the royal family has his eyes set on the PMâ€™s position and is instigating these MPs. B- These MPs are not getting their â€œwastasâ€? or tenders or payments to keep them quiet. C- They are being instigated by external organizations or governments to destabilize the country. D- They donâ€™t understand the concept of majority
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rule, and that would be a real worry to the democratic process should they succeed with what they are trying to achieve in an unconstitutional manner outside parliament. Kuwait is a small country and its stability is key to the survival of its people. Such rallies and opposition can gather some support from the minority of the nation or a majority. It is also the responsibility of the government to ensure the stability of the country via constitutional methods. The government enjoys the support of the majority at the moment but I think it needs to promote and defend its agenda more openly and publicly the same way the opposition MPs
have. One or two press conferences organized by the government would do wonders to help gain even more confidence and support. Itâ€™s also about time to allow ministers to rat out some MPs who try to abuse their powers and also hold them accountable for their unacceptable behavior. Basically, what I am saying is let the people hear both sides of the story, because at the moment, we are only hearing one and that is the MPsâ€™ side.
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
— As hot as its name New store showcases best of Kuwaiti talent
By Nawara Fattahova
Degrees is a store that houses and showcases the talent of Kuwaiti designers. The newlylaunched 52 Degrees has become a temporary home for various items created by Kuwaitis. “We have chosen this name ‘52 degrees’ as the thing that describes Kuwait the most: the high temperature that exceeds 50 degrees in summer. Secondly, thought of this name because we trained the beginners who were level 1 into becoming level 2,” said Al-Anood Al-Othman, the Marketing and PR Manager of 52 Degrees. One of the major tasks for 52 Degrees is to take the designers’ skills to the next level through media campaigns, workshops outside and inside Kuwait, courses, and marketing. “We develop their business in general,” AlOthman said. The start A group of Kuwaiti girls came up with the idea of 52 Degrees.
“We discover young Kuwaiti talent through this project. We aim to help them in their small projects and to develop their business through our direction. All the designers at the 52 Degrees are Kuwaitis. Even the decoration of the place was done by the Kuwaiti interior designer Ahmad Al-Baghli,” Al-Othman said. It’s diﬃcult for most of the designers to display their handicraft in own shops, as it takes time to open or run a shop. Often young designers don’t have time to stay at a shop even if they launched one. “All the items provided in 52 Degrees are exclusively sold here. One of the furniture designers ‘Maze Furniture’ is selling her pieces in London and Paris, and this is the only place in Kuwait where it can be found. Also the Jori Accessories are sold in London only,” Al-Othman said. People can ﬁnd diﬀerent and unique items sold at 52 Degrees. Items range from fashion outﬁts to jewelry, accessories to art pictures, furniture to books, and perfumers to four restaurants - all made or designed by Kuwaitis.
“There are 18 to 20 fashion designers displaying their outﬁt designs here. There are also other designers in other ﬁelds. We only accept the good quality works at 52 Degrees. We received more than 500 business applications to display their designs here, but we accepted only 50 out of them,” highlighted Al-Othman. All the applications have to pass through the Service Quality Department, which evaluates the products. “Some of the unaccepted products were not rejected completely because we would much rather give them a chance to develop them. We also gave them ideas to expand their projects and products,” she further said. The newly launched store located in Shuwaikh on Pepsi Street plans to spread out soon with the launch of a new branch which will include a theatre and other services. “This store was visited by great number of people that was beyond our expectations. We are really proud of this achievement,” concluded AlOthman.
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Local FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Cup of Good Hope KUWAIT: Dr Hongju performs “cupping” on patient Muhamad.
Ancient Chinese medicine highly sought after By Ben Garcia
his March 22, the country celebrates the 40th anniversary of Kuwait-China diplomatic relations. One of the many contributions that China shared with Kuwait since the establishment (of diplomatic relations) was the famous Chinese acupuncture therapy. Chinese doctors began acupuncture in 1976 and have been continuing to practice is it till date. The therapy is an alternative form of healing that treats patients by inserting and manipulating needles in the body. An advocate of acupuncture claims that it relieves pain, treats infertility, prevents disease, promotes general health, or can be used for therapeutic purposes. The Chinese doctors employed in Kuwait are degree holders of Chinese traditional medicines. They also run a clinic at the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Hospital located in Sulaibikhat. The services they offer range from acupuncture to Chinese traditional cupping, traction and massage therapy.
KUWAIT: Dr Hongju performs traction on patient Bader Al-Tayyar.
Dr Zhao Hongju spoke with the Friday Times about the Chinese traditional form of healing that many citizens and medical experts trust. Hongju, team leader and professor of the 14member strong Chinese medical team shared his experiences, “We are here to share our experiences with the Kuwaiti people. Our government values our long-standing ties with the Kuwaiti people and its government,” Hongju stressed. “This is a goodwill and diplomatic mission we sincerely love to share with Kuwaiti people. The government of China pays us salaries and the Kuwaiti government provides us with free accommodation, food and transportation,” Hongju explained. The Kuwaiti government contributes a small amount, but it does not suﬃce because the salary scale was based on the 1976 agreement, he team added. “We don’t demand anything from Kuwaiti government because our mission here is mainly voluntary and we are providing our services as a diplomatic, goodwill gesture,” Hongju reiterated. Hongju works with his 14-member team at Physical Rehabilitation Hospital in Sulaibhikat. The clinic can accommodate up to 90 patients every day, “The hospital serves at least 30,000 patients who eagerly want to experience treatment and healing in a natural manner. So, they resort to Chinese medicine,” Dr Hongju said. Chinese doctors, therapists and nurses usually spend two years in Kuwait before being replaced by a new batch of medical staﬀ members. But there are some who prefer to stay longer, “Just like me, I have been here for the last eight years. I like Kuwait; I like its people and environment. I like assisting people with medical needs,” he said. Besides acupuncture, the Chinese team provides traditional Chinese cupping, traction and massage services. Cupping is a long standing part of traditional Chinese medicine. According to Hongju, cupping is used in China to treat respiratory ailments such as asthma and bronchitis but it can also treat arthritis, lower back pain, depression, gastro-intestinal problems and many types of body pains. Cupping is used alongside acupuncture to stimulate the ﬂow of blood and treat cervical spondylosis. Friday Times witnessed Dr Hongju perform acupuncture and cupping procedures at the clinic. Glasses are placed on the surface of skin to stimulate blood ﬂow. Ancient Chinese used bamboo, animal horns or clay pots as cups. It is now replaced by thick glasses so as to observe how the skin reacts to cupping. Dr Hongju burned a ball of cotton with alcohol, placed them inside thick glass for two seconds, removed and placed the inverted cup on the sur-
face of the skin, “We will place these cups on the body for at least 15 minutes. This cup can relieve congestion and open up pathways and removed body toxins. The heat, which accumulated inside the cup will stimulate blood ﬂow and will make his blood vessels active again,” he said. The patient Muhammad Farhat, a Lebanese man, admitted to suﬀering from cervical spondylosis. “I have been feeling the pain sporadically, but now, I feel very good. I feel relieved,” Farhat said. He will undergo treatment for ten consecutive days, advising him to visit their clinic every other day. Another patient Bader Al-Tayyar testiﬁed how Chinese medicines were able to relieve his body pain, “I have been complaining about back pain for a while. After treatment here, I feel absolutely relieved,” he said. Unlike modern medicines, Chinese medicines deal with only a natural way of treatment, “They use no chemicals, no injection or oral medicines. But you will be cured,” said Al-Tayyar, a Kuwaiti and an advocate of Chinese medicines for over 15 years. Another Chinese procedure performed at the clinic is ‘traction.’ A traction refers to the set of mechanism to straighten broken bones or relieve pressure on the spine and skeletal system. The traction apparatus is a type of leather rope (lash) which helps support the head in an upright position, “I give this to people whose conditions are really bad (cervical spondylosis) especially for the dislocated disk,” he said. The Chinese massage therapy is also performed free of charge at the Chinese clinic. Their patients only have to pay KD2 in revenue stamps. Chinese medicines are distributed free of charge. Dr Hongju said, a doctor’s referral from a medical facility in Kuwait is required in order to avail of their services, “We treat not just Kuwaitis but all patients that approach us using referrals from polyclinics, provided they contain stamps from the Ministry of Health,” he concluded.
Local FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Kuwait mediating in Oman-UAE spy dispute KUWAIT: Kuwait is mediating in a dispute between Oman and the United Arab Emirates after Muscat charged its Gulf partner of operating a spy ring targeting the government, local media said yesterday. His Highness the Amir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah on Wednesday shuttled between the capitals of the two Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members in a bid to resolve the dispute, Al-Jarida newspaper reported. In January, Oman announced it had dismantled an Emirati spy ring that was targeting the government and the military but the UAE immediately denied the accusation. Muscat said the cell “was interested in the issue of the succession of Sultan Qaboos, in the absence of an heir to the throne. ”Succession could pose a problem in Oman, as the 70-year-old sultan, who overthrew his father in a bloodless coup in 1970, does not have children. AlJarida also said that Oman indirectly accused the UAE of involvement
in protests that hit the sultanate in which one protester was killed and several wounded. Meanwhile, Sheikh Sabah accompanied by a number of senior Emirati oﬃcials, including UAE Vice-President and Prime Minister, Dubai Governor Sheikh Mohammad bin Rashid AlMaktoum, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, General Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Presidential Aﬀairs Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al-Nahayan arrived yesterday at Muscat International Airport. Upon arrival, the Amir and his accompanying delegation were received by Omani Minister of Culture and Heritage Haitham Bin Tareq Al-Saeed and Kuwait Ambassador to Oman Salem AlZamanan. Later, the Amir and the UAE top oﬃcials met with Sultan Qaboos bin Saeed at Al-Shumoukh Fort. — Agencies
Detained citizen in Egypt set free CAIRO: Kuwaiti citizen and former director of Lotus Aviation, Adnan Al-Falah was released from detainment at his branch office here a short while ago, Kuwaiti Ambassador to Egypt Rashid Al-Hamad said yesterday. Al-Hamad told Kuwait News Agency (KUNA) that Al-Falah would reach the embassy soon. In a previous meeting held with Egyptian officials, AlHamad said that it was illegal to detain the Kuwaiti citizen. They noted that no one can arrest anyone without legal authority. During the worst period of unrest in Egypt, Al-Falah had been virtually jailed for the last couple of weeks in Egypt’s Lotus Aviation branch office. —KUNA
Amiri Diwan mourns Sheikh Khaled Al-Yousif KUWAIT: The Amiri diwan mourned yesterday Sheikh Khaled Al-Yousif Al-Saud Al-Sabah who passed away at the age of 57. The burial of Sheikh Khaled will take place at 9 am local time today. — KUNA
KUWAIT: His Highness the Amir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah is pictured with Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces General Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan. — KUNA
NA Panel approves bedoon civil rights bedoons urged not to protest today By B Izzak KUWAIT: A National Assembly panel on bedoons’ rights yesterday approved draft laws laying down civil rights for tens of thousands of bedoons, or stateless Arabs, living in the country ahead of a planned ‘Day of Rage’ of protests after Friday prayers. The draft laws were also accepted by the government which was represented in the meeting by Minister of Communications Mohammad Al-Baseeri, a number of senior interior ministry oﬃcials and Saleh Al-Fadhalah, Head of the newlyestablished bedoons’ authority. Baseeri, Fadhalah and several MPs said that the meeting approved 11 basic rights for bedoons, a majority of whom were denied these rights. They include the right to education, medical care, birth and death certiﬁcates, marriage and divorce contracts, a driver’s license and the right to jobs in the public and private sectors besides obtaining ration cards.
Fadhalah said that it was the bedoons’ authority that proposed the 11 rights, as MPs proposed only 10 of them. According to him, it is an indication of the seriousness of the authority to resolve bedoons’ problem. He said that the Authority has received the approval of the political leadership to resolve the bedoons’ issue, adding that executive government decisions will be issued before the March 8 assembly sessions. It was not immediately clear, however, whether the rights will be approved in the form of decrees, as Fadhalah said, or in a legislation that will be passed by the National Assembly, according to several MPs. MP Mussallam Al-Barrak conﬁrmed that the government has accepted bedoons’ rights, adding that the committee will hold a meeting next Sunday to prepare a comprehensive legislation that will provide a fundamental solution to their issues. Barrak expressed hope that the government would approve the bill as promised
during the meeting yesterday. This is because the suﬀering of bedoons is ‘immense.’ The lawmaker appealed to bedoons, asking them not to stage protests today. This is because whatever happened yesterday was a great achievement that helped resolve their grievances. About granting Kuwaiti citizenship to bedoons, Barrak said that authorities are currently studying a number of categories like senior workers at the oil company, children of martyrs and those who participated in Arab wars, highly qualiﬁed bedoons, children of Kuwaiti women and others who can be naturalized. Bedoons, who currently exceed 100,000 in number, have been deprived of basic rights since 2000, forcing many to reveal their actual identity. Bedoons insist they have the right to Kuwaiti citizenship while the government insists many have no right to nationality and must reveal their actual nationality.
Cabinet approves KAC privatization
KUWAIT: The traditional Heritage Festival concluded yesterday with a beauty competition that judged the healthiest and best-looking camels and horses. —KUNA
KUWAIT: In a weekly meeting held last Wednesday, Kuwait’s Cabinet made several decisions including the approval of Kuwait Airways Corporation’s (KAC) privatization, reported Al-Qabas. The Minister for Cabinet Aﬀairs, Roudhan Al-Roudhan said that it had studied the recommendations put forward by the economic aﬀairs committee on the steps
to be taken towards privatization. Meanwhile, KAC Chairman, Hamad Al-Falah told Kuwait local daily Annahar that ticket fares would be increased beginning in March. The KD7 to 13 increase will be applicable on ﬂights to GCC and Arab destinations. Increases to other destinations will vary between KD27 and 54. AlFalah added that the increase recom-
mended by KAC in view of rising oil prices consequently increases fuel cost. It was already approved by the Civil Aviation Department. In addition, Al-Falah said that a ‘minor’ increase of KD1.5 would be added to tickets by mid-March and mid-April per ticket. “Ticket issue fee of KD10 per ticket will be added to the ticket price,” he concluded.
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Bahrain Shiite oppn set to talk to rulers
Mubarak ally quits as Egypt premier
Court rejects tainted India anti-graft chief
Libya jets hit rebel town Crimes against humanity probed AJDABIYA, Libya: Libyan gunmen from the forces against Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi fire in the air yesterday during a mass funeral for rebel gunmen killed in fighting Wednesday. — AP
BREGA, Libya: Aircraft struck the rebel town of Brega yesterday as international prosecutors launched a probe into crimes against humanity in Libya, while the West scrambled to evacuate refugees. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev warned Libya is verging on civil war while Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez proposed international mediation to quell the violence raging in the North African nation. And a day after Libyan leader Muammar Gaddaﬁ warned the West to stay out of the fray, the Dutch defence ministry said three of its marines helping to evacuate civilians had been captured by government soldiers. The rag-tag army of rebels holding the eastern strategic town of Brega manned machineguns on pick-up trucks yesterday after two bombs fell near the local oil reﬁnery. The attack sparked fears of a new bid by troops loyal to Gaddaﬁ’s regime to recapture the key port, 200 km southwest of the main eastern city of Benghazi. They had launched an attack on Brega at dawn on Wednesday in their ﬁrst incursion into the rebel-held east of the country since the
Libyan uprising began on Feb 15. Despite airstrikes throughout the day, the rebels managed to push the regime’s forces out of the town, sparking celebrations - which were themselves targeted by Gaddaﬁ’s ﬁghter jets. Rumours ﬂew yesterday of government troops regrouping and being joined by hundreds of mercenaries from Africa, but by nightfall there was no sign of a new oﬀensive. The patchwork Libyan opposition controls swathes of eastern and western Libya including Benghazi and some oil installations. Gaddaﬁ remains ﬁrmly in control of the capital Tripoli. The International Criminal Court’s prosecutor said in The Hague that Gaddaﬁ and key aides will be probed over allegations they committed crimes against humanity in trying to crush the uprising. “We have identiﬁed some individuals with de facto or formal authority, who have authority over the security forces,” Luis MorenoOcampo told journalists. “They are Muammar Gaddaﬁ, his inner circle, including some of his sons.” The Libyan leader had warned on Wednesday that “thousands” would die if the
West launched military action, following calls by some opposition ﬁgures for Western airstrikes against the regime. But NATO chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen said in Brussels on Thursday that the alliance has no intention of intervening in Libya although it is planning for “all eventualities.” US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton warned that any military action by the West would be “controversial” in the Arab world and that the Libyan opposition wanted to be seen to be dislodging Gaddaﬁ’s forces on their own. China said Libya’s territorial integrity must be respected and that the UN Security Council must decide future international moves. A major international operation was meanwhile under way Thursday to evacuate from Tunisia thousands of people, most of them Egyptians, stranded at the border with Libya after ﬂeeing the bloodshed. Refugees have been bussed to the Djerba airport, where French transport planes equipped with medical teams have arrived to begin airlift operations, oﬃcials said. Others were being taken to the port of Zarzis from where they will be shipped home,
according to an AFP reporter at the scene. More than 100,000 people have already left Libya to escape the violence which has left at least 1,000 dead, according to conservative UN estimates. A Libyan rights group has put the death toll at the hands of pro-Gaddaﬁ forces as high as 6,000. Dutch defence ministry spokesman Otte Beeksma told AFP the three marines were seized by Gaddaﬁ loyalists in Sirte, between Benghazi and Tripoli, on Sunday as they were helping evacuate two civilians by helicopter. He said negotiations were in train for their release. Medvedev, in one of the starkest warnings yet by a world leader over the situation in Libya, said the country was in “complete disorganisation”. “Libya was and is on the verge of civil war, and our main task was to save our people there,” he told Russia’s Emergencies Minister Sergei Shoigu, according to state news agency ITAR-TASS. A Venezuelan minister said Libya and the Arab League are considering a mediation proposal by Chavez to ﬁnd a peaceful end to the crisis. — AFP
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Jihadists debate Qaeda future amid turmoil WASHINGTON: Still absorbing the shock of the revolutions sweeping the Arab world, jihadists have begun to debate what it all means for their vision of Islamic rule violently imposed by groups like Al-Qaeda, analysts say. After a deafening silence, they are turning to online forums for moral support as they consider whether the peaceful, pro-democratic and largely secular mass protests have rendered violent jihad irrelevant. Some see dangerous times for their movement, others opportunities in regime change, and still others see no change at all. “What change???” wrote Abu Musab Al-Dhahak in the online Shumukh Al-Islam forum monitored by the SITE Intelligence Group. “The people didn’t oust anything. The people ousted symbols and faces. The fall
of the regime means the fall of democracy and the establishment of the Shariah of Allah,” the writer said. Normally agile in getting its messages out even when under pressure, AlQaeda appeared to have been caught ﬂat-footed by the sudden overthrow of longtime leaders in Egypt and Tunisia. Ayman Zawahiri ﬁnally responded to the history-making events in the past two weeks with two messages “of Hope and Glad Tidings to the People of Egypt” in which he reafﬁrmed that Sharia law had to be the bedrock of any revolutionary change. But Zawahiri’s statements didn’t touch the implications of the popular uprisings for Al-Qaeda, which rejects democracy and civil liberties as a rival religion to Islam tantamount to apostasy. “I’ve never seen them be so qui-
et,” said Jarret Brachman, an expert on Al-Qaeda’s use of media to pursue its goals. “So right now Al-Qaeda’s line is wait and see, keep your head down. This is the most reﬂective I’ve seen the Al-Qaeda leadership,” he told a congressional committee Wednesday. Amid the upbeat comments on Shumukh Al-Islam, the postings nevertheless convey a recognition that AlQaeda’s project has been imperiled by the unforeseen turn of events. “The Danger to the Project of the Ummah, Led by Al-Qaeda” is the heading of a lengthy rebuttal, in the name of Imatat Al-Jihad, of the view that the coming of democracy “puts Al-Qaeda and its project at a critical crossroads”. “The danger to the project of the Ummah is inevitable and natural, but it sometimes decreases and it sometimes increases according to the situa-
tion on the ground. “We say here: Every Muslim has the right to worry about the project of the Ummah, (so long as) he does all that he can to protect it and not just proclaim fear and that is it.” It goes on to say that the Muslim faithful will not ﬁnd what they are looking for in democracy “without a guiding Book and a victorious support”. It claimed that members of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood have already been kicked out of the movement for disagreeing with their leaders’ assertion that Egypt’s peace treaty with Israel should be respected. Responses to the postings reﬂect the calculations being made in jihadist circles, with some pointing to the opportunities created by weaker security controls as a result of the uprisings. —AFP
Bahrain Shiite oppn set to talk to rulers Crown Prince receives demands
SANAA: A Yemeni boy waves his national flag as antigovernment protestors chant slogans during a demonstration demanding the resignation of Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh yesterday. — AP
Oppn, clerics offer Saleh ‘smooth exit’ SANAA: Yemeni opposition groups and religious leaders have oﬀered embattled President Ali Abdullah Saleh plans for a smooth exit from power by the end of 2011, an opposition spokesman said yesterday. The proposed accord calls for a “peaceful transition of power” from Saleh, insists anti-regime demonstrations that broke out two weeks ago will go on, and demands a probe be launched into a deadly crackdown on protesters. “We’ve agreed on a settlement proposal including a roadmap for the president’s departure before the end of this year,” said opposition parliamentary spokesman Mohammed Al-Sabri. The ﬁve-point plan was agreed upon during “a meeting with religious scholars,” said Sabri. Saleh should announce it to the people, who would then “decide whether to accept or reject this proposal”, said a statement by the Common Forum, an alliance of parliamentary opposition. It was not yet clear if the plan had been sent to Saleh, whose three decades of autocratic rule has been rocked by a wave of protests in which at least 19 people have been killed, according to an AFP toll based on reports and witnesses. The veteran president has repeatedly rejected domestic calls for his resignation. The latest proposal calls on him to “highlight a number of steps by which power will be passed on... during a period that does not exceed the end of this year”. It insists “demonstrations and sit-ins will continue,” and calls for an “investigation on the crimes committed across Yemen’s various provinces throughout the past period... bringing the killers and those behind them to justice... (and) compensating the families” of the victims. —AFP
MANAMA: The Shiite opposition groups in Bahrain seeking to loosen the Sunni monarchy’s grip on power said yesterday they are ready to negotiate with the Gulf nation’s rulers about political change after weeks of protests. The two-week standoﬀ, in which seven protesters were killed, has rattled one of the wealthiest corners of the Middle East, where it was long assumed that oil riches would stave oﬀ the kind of unrest that has roiled Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen and Libya. Bahrain’s sectarian division, however, left it vulnerable. The kingdom has a Shiite majority that has been ruled for 200 years by a Sunni dynasty that it accuses of discriminatory policies and political persecution. Senior opposition leader Abdul Jalil Khalil said the monarchy’s opponents will accept the crown prince’s invitation for dialogue. “We will talk to the crown prince, but we are not going to sit together for a casual chat, but for a meaningful dialogue only,” said Khalil, a leader of Bahrain’s main Shiite group Al Wefaq. Khalil said no date had been set for the beginning of the talks. Bahrain’s king assigned Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad Al-Khalifa to lead talks. The government conﬁrmed that Salman had received the opposition’s demands, in a statement expressing hope that dialogue begins soon despite “substantial diﬀerences between the various groups and parties.” “It is precisely for this reason that the dialogue must start so a political settlement can be reached by consensus,” the statement also said. One of the ﬁrst discussion points will be the opposition’s demand that the current
MANAMA: Bahraini opposition leaders present documents during a news conference to announce their terms for negotiations with the Gulf island kingdom’s government yesterday.— AP government be replaced in response to the killing of protesters. “This government has to resign because it has committed illegal acts and violated human rights,” said Ali Salman, the leader of the Al Wefaq movement. “We want a government of quality, an elected government and not a government stained with blood.” The opposition had refused to talk to the crown prince after the slayings, demanding the Sunni monarchy apologize for the killings and dismiss a government led by the same prime minister — the king’s uncle — for 40 years. Now, the opposition leaders say they will participate in the dialogue with the crown prince if he will back his words with action. The opposition has also called for the formation of a constitutional
monarchy that would have an elected government. Currently, one house of Bahrain’s parliament is the only elected body, but it holds limited authority since all the country’s decisions including the appointment of government ministers - rest with the king. However, even the 40-member institution has been in limbo since the 18 opposition legislators resigned last month to protest the government’s deadly crackdown. Some of the protesters camped out in the capital’s Pearl Square are demanding that the Sunni monarchy step aside altogether. Bahrain holds particular importance to Washington as the host of US Navy’s 5th Fleet, the main American military counterweight to Iran’s eﬀorts to expand its armed forces and reach into the Gulf. —AP
International FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
West Libya’s rebel tribes strive for freedom JADO, Libya: Rebels at heart but short on means, Libya’s Berber tribes quickly joined the uprising against Muammar Gaddafi and seized control of the mountainous west in an effort to secure their freedom. The uprising launched in eastern Benghazi on February 15 spread fast to the western mountains, or Jebel Gharbi, where within days villages fell like dominos to the opposition movement challenging Gaddafi’s regime. The region has its own hero, a young ‘martyr’ shot dead the second day of the revolt in Rujdan. But here, unlike in the east or north where bloodshed has filled the morgues, combats and reprisal crackdowns have been rare. Security forces quickly defected from the regime and sided with the people, according to Dushid, a 47-year old merchant, who withheld his last name citing security
concerns. “Here the revolution was waged with stones. There were demonstrations, cars were set on fire, the symbols of the ‘Green Book’ were destroyed and security forces immediately withdrew,” he said, referring to Gaddafi’s political treatise. “Policemen and soldiers are people who form part of our neighbourhoods. There are family ties so they joined the revolution,” he added. In Nalut, army officers held a solemn ceremony to announce their defection. Nearby, 32 soldiers who were about to shoot at demonstrators, deserted. “A colonel refused to give the firing order and he was arrested. We had a meeting and immediately decided to defend the people. Enough oppression. The situation was becoming unbearable,” said Sami, 27, a former soldier. The mountainous region has a
long history of rebellion. “The people of this region revolt quickly,” said Yussef, a teacher. He recalled how all the villages in the area joined in the revolt against the Ottoman Turks in 1850 and how 45 people from Rujdan fought and died in Tripoli in the first battle against the Italian invasion in 1911. “We always had strong leadership in the mountains,” said the 55year-old professor. The bonds between the villages of Jebel Gharbi, the cradle of Libya’s Berber tribes, have been forged by a common culture and shared history of oppression. “We are one big family,” said Nafuz, 40, another teacher. Gaddafi’s regime banned speaking and writing in Amazigh, one of north Africa’s Berber languages and the mother tongue to an estimated 10 percent of Libyans, under penalty of arrest. “But in a way, anyone who had
an opinion contrary to the Green book was oppressed. We lived in silence and in fear, that’s all.” Nafuz said. The wind-swept mountain range lacks school, roads and basic infrastructure. Residents complain that oil revenues and development ignored the region completely. “It’s one of the poorest regions in the country,” said Bashir, 74, a former oil industry worker. “Gaddafi did nothing to develop it. We don’t know where the oil dollars went. The majority of people are unemployed. I built my house in 1984 and I still don’t have water. Libya’s western mountains were a tinder box waiting to be lit. “We overcame fear, the revolt started,” said Mohammed, a 52-yearold merchant. Freed towns and villages, Arab and Berber alike, joined forces to “fight against the regime to the death.” — AFP
Suicide bomber kills 10 in Iraq FALLUJAH, Iraq: A suicide bomber killed at least 10 people and wounded 26 others at a government bank in the northern Iraqi town of Haditha yesterday, police and hospital sources said. The police source said people were collecting their salaries at a branch of the state-owned Rafidain bank in Haditha, 190 km northwest of Baghdad, when the bomber struck. “There was a group of Iraqi army soldiers standing in front of the bank to collect their salaries when a suicide bomber wearing a vest came in between them and blew himself up,” police Lieutenant Ali al-Ubaidi, who was at the scene, told Reuters. “The death toll is 10 killed, including eight soldiers, and 26 wounded, including 20 soldiers.” Eight years after the 2003 US-led invasion, insurgents are still capable of carrying out lethal attacks in Iraq, although overall violence has dropped from the height of sectarian warfare in 2006-7. A hospital source said he expected the death toll to rise. “We received eight bodies and 13 wounded, including soldiers and civilians and we think the number of dead will increase because we have many critical cases among the wounded,” Waleed Al-Hadithi, manager of General Hospital in Haditha, said. Haditha gained notoriety when US Marines were accused of killing 24 Iraqi civilians in 2005. Witnesses said angry Marines shot the men, women and children in November 2005 out of revenge after a popular comrade was killed in a roadside bombing. News reports of the killings brought international condemnation of US forces in Iraq. — Reuters
CAIRO: Khayrat El-Shater, the lead strategist for Egypt’s largest opposition group, hugs Hassan Malek, a prominent businessman and group financier (right) after they were released, outside Tora prison yesterday. Egypt’s state news agency says two leading members of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood will be released after serving nearly five years in prison. — AP
Mubarak ally quits as Egypt premier Army seen responding to demands
BAGHDAD: Radical Shiite cleric Muqtada Al-Sadr and former Iraqi Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, speak to reporters after their meeting. The former prime minister who led a political coalition heavily supported by Iraq’s minority Sunnis has rejected a position in the nation’s new government, a spokeswoman said yesterday, a move that could marginalize Sunnis at a time when anger about shoddy government services have prompted deadly protests. — AP
CAIRO: Egyptian Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq resigned unexpectedly yesterday, sparking celebrations from protesters who demand a purge of the remnants of ousted president Hosni Mubarak’s regime. The country’s military rulers said he would be replaced by Essam Sharaf, a former transport minister who joined the rallies in Cairo’s Tahrir Square that led to Mubarak’s resignation on Feb 11. Strongman Mubarak appointed Shafiq in the dying days of his rule in a bid to quell the protests. Shafiq stayed on as head of a caretaker government under a military council that has run Egypt since Mubarak stood down. “The Supreme Council of
Military Forces announces that it has accepted the resignation of Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq,” the council said in a statement, without giving reasons for the move. Dozens of youth activists who are still camped out in Tahrir Square celebrated after Shafiq’s resignation was announced, the state news agency MENA reported. Since the fall of Mubarak, protesters have continued to call for a replacement of the current government, which includes the Mubarak-era foreign minister, interior minister and justice minister. The activists had put forward Sharaf’s name during talks with the military on Sunday during which they also
called for rapid, profound changes towards democracy. “We are happy, we had proposed his name and our demand has been accepted,” Shadi Al-Ghazali, one of the leaders of the youth movement, told AFP. Key opposition figure Mohamed ElBaradei, who headed the Vienna-based UN International Atomic Energy Agency from 1997 to 2009 and returned to Egypt join the protests, welcomed Shafiq’s resignation. On Twitter, he said: “We are on the right track, I express my sincere appreciation to the Supreme Council of Armed Forces who have accepted the demand of the people.” —AFP
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3 Dutch marines held in Libya after failed rescue THE HAGUE: Three Dutch marines were captured by forces loyal to Muammar Gaddaﬁ during a rescue attempt of two European workers and are being held by Libyan authorities for ﬁve days, a Defense Ministry spokesman said yesterday. The two Europeans, one Dutch and one whose nationality was not released, were handed over unharmed to the Dutch embassy in Tripoli Thursday and have left Libya, the ministry said. The three were surrounded by armed men on Sunday after landing near Sirte in a Lynx helicopter from the navy ship HMS Tromp, which was anchored oﬀ the Libyan coast to help evacuations from the conﬂict-torn country, spokesman Otte Beeksma told AP. Dutch oﬃcials are in “intensive negotiations” with Gaddaﬁ’s government to secure the marines’ release, he said. “We have also been in contact with the crewmen involved,” Beeksma said. “They are doing well under the circumstances and we hope they will be released as quickly as possible.” Defense Minister Hans Hillen welcomed the news that the two Europeans were safe and had left Libya. “Everything is being done to also get the crew safely out of the country as soon as possible,” he said in a statement. Asked if the Dutch government considered the marines hostages, Beeksma said, “they are being held by Libyan authorities.” Prime Minister Mark Rutte said news of the men’s capture was kept quiet to assist talks on their release. Dutch daily De Telegraaf ﬁrst reported their capture in its yesterday’s edition. “These are situations that beneﬁt from total secrecy because then you can carry out discussions in peace to ensure these people get home safely,” he told national broadcaster NOS. “It is terrible for the crew of the Lynx helicopter,” Rutte said. “Everything is being done to make sure the crew gets home.” The identities of the marines were not released. News of the marines’ detention by Gaddaﬁ came a day after antigovernment rebels fought oﬀ forces loyal to Gaddaﬁ in a ﬁerce battle for Brega, a strategic oil facility 740 km east of Gaddaﬁ’s stronghold in Tripoli. Gaddaﬁ’s crackdown has been the harshest in the Arab world to the wave of anti-government protests sweeping across parts of the Middle East and North Africa. His forces are regrouping in an attempt to regain territories now controlled by opponents of his regime. Later Thursday, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, is scheduled to announce he is opening an investigation into possible crimes against humanity committed in Libya. — AP
Germany probes ‘Islamist’ attack No evidence Kosovan part of cell
BERLIN: German authorities said yesterday they suspected a Kosovan man arrested over the fatal shooting of two US airmen was an Islamist extremist, but played down fears he was part of a cell. “In view of the circumstances, there is a suspicion that this was an act with Islamist motivation,” said federal prosecutors after Wednesday’s shooting on a bus at Frankfurt airport. Boris Rhein, interior minister of the western German state of Hesse, said the suspect, now in custody, had worked at the airport in a postal distribution centre, but said there was no evidence he was part of an extremist group. “Currently, investigations indicate that he was working alone and there is no evidence of any network,” said Rhein. Germany’s federal interior minister said he saw no reason to boost police presence around the country. A month ago German authorities had announced that additional security measures imposed late last year in response to indications of an imminent “terrorist” attack were set to be gradually scaled back. The 21-year-old man from Muslim-majority Kosovo cried “Allahu Akhbar” (“God is Greatest”), reports quoted witnesses as saying, before opening ﬁre on the bus at one of Europe’s busiest airports. In what, if conﬁrmed, would be the ﬁrst Islamist “terror” attack on German soil, the incident also left two US airmen - there were around a dozen on board -seriously injured. One of them was reportedly shot in the head and was ﬁghting for his life yesterday in a Frankfurt hospital. The other was also in intensive care. A “saddened and outraged” US President Barack Obama said on Wednesday that Washington would “spare no eﬀort in learning how this outrageous act took place”. Investigators were studying a page on social
FRANKFURT: Police patrol Frankfurt airport yesterday. – AP networking website Facebook believed to belong to the suspect on which he made no secret of his extremist tendencies, and other Internet evidence of his radicalism, reports said. The Bild daily reported that police raided the suspect’s ﬂat in a grubby tower block on the outskirts of Frankfurt after the attack, removing whole sacks of material. Reports named the suspect as Arid U. Spiegel magazine said on its website that he had tried several times to travel to Afghanistan but that after being prevented from doing so had decided to attack US soldiers in Germany. It also quoted neighbours
as saying they were shocked and that they never suspected he was an extremist. He did not have a beard or wear traditional clothing, one neighbour told Spiegel. The US military has around 50,000 personnel in Germany at a number of major bases, including Ramstein where the bus was headed, which are used as hubs for operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Germany opposed the 2003 US-led invasion of Iraq but has more than 5,000 troops in Afghanistan. It had never suﬀered an attack by Islamic extremists but a number of suspected bomb plots have been uncovered.—AFP
Islamist rebel declares ‘total war’ with Russia
This undated screen grab taken from the website hunafa.com shows a man identified as Chechen Islamist rebel leader Doku Umarov(center) recording his appeal at an undisclosed location. – AFP
MOSCOW: The Chechen Islamist rebel leader who is Russia’s most wanted man has issued an appeal for recruits for a “total war” against the Russian state, in a new video message posted yesterday. “A total war is in progress, fight the enemy where ever you can,” Doku Umarov said standing alongside two other militants in a snow-covered forest in a video posted on militant website hunafa.com. As well as repeating calls for women to join the rebellion, Umarov called on Russian Muslims from outside the Caucasus like the Volga regions of Tatarstan and Bashkortostan to join the insurgency. “Jihad is becoming necessary for all of us,” Umarov said, wearing snow camouflage. “Spring has come, so, brothers, I ask you to step up Jihad against enemies of Allah. “Today children don’t have to ask their parents for permission to start jihad, wives don’t have to ask their husbands’ permission,” he said, standing between two younger men one of whom clutched onto a Kalashnikov rifle with a grenade launcher. The outside conditions appeared to prevent the full message from
being recorded as gusts of wind silenced parts of his eight-minute address, while the person holding the camera periodically said short prayers in a loud whisper. “I call on you to destroy Allah’s enemies wherever you have them, wherever your hands reach you may open a front... When there is a total war, there are no more civilian objects or civilian population,” Umarov said, addressing Muslims outside the Caucasus region. Umarov, whose Caucasus Emirate group aims to impose Islamic rule throughout the Northern Caucasus, has claimed responsibility for the Moscow airport attack in January that killed 37 and the 2010 metro attacks that killed 40. He and his band of guerrillas have avoided Russian troops in the North Caucasus mountains for much of the past decade, and officials have wrongly pronounced him dead several times. The Kremlin fought two wars against separatist rebels in Chechnya in the past 15 years. But the insurgency has since become more Islamist in tone and much of the violence has spread to neighbouring regions. — AFP
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Sirhan Sirhan denied parole in RFK killing COALINGA, California: A California interacted with people,” Prizmich said. He board on Wednesday denied parole for noted the impact on the Kennedy family, Robert F. Kennedy’s convicted assassin, which had endured another tragedy ﬁve Sirhan Sirhan, saying after a four hour years before with the killing of President hearing that he hadn’t shown adequate Kennedy. At that point, Sirhan interjected. remorse or understanding of the severity “That’s not my responsibility,” he said. The of the crime that was mourned by a chairman cut him oﬀ. “In this way, internation more than 40 years ago. Sirhan, rupting me indicates a lack of control of now 66, spoke at length and expressed yourself,” he said. Sirhan, with graysorrow, but said he ing hair and a missing doesn’t remember front tooth, appeared shooting Kennedy or cheerful as he entered ﬁve other victims in the hearing room. He the kitchen of the was talkative, bidding Ambassador Hotel in the commissioners Los Angeles, where “good afternoon” _ a Kennedy stood departure from his moments after claimprevious 12 parole ing victory in the hearings, where he California presidential rarely spoke and primary. Kennedy’s sometimes didn’t brother, President even appear. Sirhan John. F Kennedy, was also assassinated. COALINGA, California: Sirhan emphasized he’s a “Every day of my life, I Sirhan, 66, convicted of assas- practicing Christian have great remorse sinating Sen Robert F who attends services every Sunday. He said and deep regret,” Sirhan, a Palestinian Kennedy in 1968, gestures he was put in solitary Christian immigrant, during a Board of Parole conﬁnement at the Hearing Central California told a panel of two Suitability parole board commis- Wednesday at the Pleasant prison after he became a target of sioners at Pleasant Valley State Prison. – AP hatred following the Valley State Prison in Sept 11, 2001 terror attacks. Fellow Coalinga. The panel chairman, Mike Prizmich, inmates thought he was a Muslim, he and the deputy commissioner, Randy said. He pleaded with the panel to give Kevorkian, told Sirhan he must seek fur- him a release date, saying he was willing ther self-help courses, come to terms with to accept the possibility of deportation to the June 5, 1968 shooting - in which his native Jordan. He said no one in his Sirhan emptied a pistol in the hotel’s family is involved in politics and he sugcrowded kitchen - and show evidence of gested he wouldn’t be either if he was his improvement by his next parole hear- released. “I want to live, get lost in the ing, which would be in ﬁve years. “The woodwork and live out my life with my magnitude of this crime is one that a community,” he said. But Prizmich said he nation mourned over, and from that day wasn’t impressed with Sirhan blaming on, politicians changed the way they others for all of his problems. —AP
Anti-gay US church has right to picket Supreme Court rules against soldier’s family WASHINGTON: A church that pickets military funerals ting does not alter that conclusion,” the decision added. The lone dissenting justice, Samuel Alito, denounced with signs saying “Thank God for dead soldiers” and “God hates fags” is protected by the US constitution’s the church’s “brutalization” of Snyder, which he said right to free speech, the Supreme Court ruled should not be allowed on the pretext of defending First Wednesday. “Speech is powerful. It can stir people to Amendment rights to free speech. “Our profound action, move them to tears of both joy and sorrow, and - national commitment to free and open debate is not a as it did here - inﬂict great pain,” said the decision in license for the vicious verbal assault that occurred in this favor of the Westboro Baptist church, which pickets sol- case,” Alito said. “In order to have a society in which diers’ funerals, claiming God killed them to show anger public issues can be openly and vigorously debated, it is not necessary to allow the brutalization of innocent vicover US tolerance of homosexuality. “On the facts before us, we cannot react to that pain tims like the petitioner.” Many ordinary Americans by punishing the speaker,” were rooting for Snyder and Chief Justice John Roberts his family, whose grief was wrote in an eight-to-one decicompounded by the fact that sion in favor of the church the justices handed down their made up mainly of direct memdecision almost ﬁve years to bers of the family of founder the day that Matthew died in and leader Fred Phelps. Phelps Iraq at the age of 20. In a was sued several years ago for Facebook posting, Matthew’s defamation, invasion of privacy sister Sarah said she was and intentional inﬂiction of dis“appalled and saddened that tress by the father of Marine our country would allow this to Lance Corporal Matthew happen”. “Matt was killed Snyder, who died in Iraq in 3/3/06 in Iraq ﬁghting for a 2006 - and was not gay. country he completely According to the Supreme believed in, ﬁghting for the Court decision, the Westboro very rights that these people Baptists picketed Matthew have taken to an entirely new Snyder’s funeral, carrying signs with slogans including “God YORK, Pennsylvania: Albert Snyder level,” she said. A supporter of the family, Hates the USA/Thank God for speaks to the media during a news Joey Zovich, posted the phone 9/11,” “America is Doomed, “Fag Troops,” and “You’re conference following the Supreme number of the Supreme Court Court’s ruling in favor of the Westboro and urged Americans to exergoing to hell.” cise their First Amendment But they picketed peacefully Baptist Church Wednesday. — AP right by phoning it to express and with police permission on private land about 300 m from the Maryland church their disgust. But free speech advocates like lawyer where the funeral was held, the decision says. While the Andrew Contiguglia hailed the decision - even if they signs “fall short of reﬁned social or political commen- disagreed with the way the Westboro Baptists express tary... they reﬂect the fact that the church ﬁnds much to themselves. “This shows that the old adage ‘I may discondemn in modern society,” the justices said, charac- agree with what you say, but I will defend to the death terizing the Westboro Baptist Church’s message as your right to say it’ still stands strong in the 21st centu“speech on a matter of public concern”. “The funeral set- ry,” Contiguglia said.—AFP
US military struggles in campus battle NEW YORK: US soldiers today face combat in some far-ﬂung places, but it’s the battle for Columbia University, right in Manhattan, that could say most about the country they represent. At issue is whether the prestigious college will end a ban on a military cadet program known as the ROTC that was exiled from most Ivy League campuses four decades ago during the Vietnam era. The college Senate meets this Friday ahead of a vote next month that will provide a stark look at how US academia long a foe of the Pentagon - feels nearly a decade into the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. For Zoe Willmott, in her junior year of urban studies, the idea of a great university partnering the military is anathema. “In the military you are taught to obey commands, to follow commands, not to think critically and to question what you’re doing,” Willmott, 20, said. “This is about allowing a group on campus that is so fundamentally diﬀerent to what a college teaches you.” But Jose Robledo, a 30-year-old paratrooper sergeant studying political science, says that kind of thinking shows how little opponents - and the wider public - under-
stand the professional armed forces. “Unfortunately the civil-military divide in American society has grown dramatically,” said Robledo, who spent nine years on active service before taking an academic break so that he can become an oﬃcer. “People opposing ROTC don’t understand where we’re coming from, because they don’t know what it’s like on the other side.” At colleges across the country, ROTC, or Reserve Oﬃcers’ Training Corps, is often uncontroversial. The program oﬀers scholarships in which students combine normal academic courses with military training, before entering the armed forces. However, some campuses, notably the left-leaning, hugely expensive Ivy League institutions, booted out the ROTC in protest at the Vietnam war, then extended the ban over the Pentagon’s longtime refusal to allow openly homosexual servicemen. With last December’s repeal of the “don’t-ask-don’t-tell” rule - eﬀectively allowing gay soldiers to come out of the closet - Ivy League campuses are entering a historic shift. Harvard and Yale quickly expressed strong interest in getting the
Pentagon to set up ROTC programs. Meanwhile at Columbia, scene of major Vietnam war demonstrations, debate has been vigorous, grabbing national attention at times. Ugly newspaper headlines followed a university hearing in February, when antiROTC students jeered and called “racist!” at Anthony Maschek, an Iraq veteran who was shot nine times and spent two years undergoing rehabilitation. Although students on both sides say the scene was uncharacteristic, bitter echoes of the 1960s do haunt the debate. Robledo - who combines his Columbia studies with ROTC courses at another Manhattan university where the program is allowed - says that many of his student peers have no concept of how the armed forces operate. Seeing him in uniform, “often times people will stop, have bewilderment in their faces,” Robledo said. Veterans feel picked on, in contrast to the support given to every possible other minority, whether religious or sexual. “You’re discriminating,” Maschek, 28, told his opponents in an audio recording of the heckling incident. “It’s confusing that you want to be discrim-
inatory toward people.” Robledo says veterans pushing for reinstatement of ROTC can also be closed-minded. “There’s sometimes a certain elitism - that ‘I fought for your rights to speak up, so shut up,’” he said. “Some servicemen forget that’s why we volunteered: to protect the constitution.” Willmott, member of a student activist group called Lucha, insists she does not oppose veterans or servicemen studying at Columbia. “I’m not against individuals joining the military,” she said. But Rich Hanley, a social commentator teaching journalism at Quinnipiac University, said the ROTC debate indicates a vast gap running through the ivory towers of top campuses and far beyond. “In the all-volunteer army, it’s just that the folks who tend to ﬁght our wars are not tending to go to college,” he said. “There’s an enormous class divide in America between the soldiers it sends to ﬁght its wars and the elites who stay home.” The result, analysts say, is that even if Columbia does green-light the ROTC, there may not be enough student interest for the Pentagon to want to establish a program there, or at Harvard and Yale, at all. — AFP
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‘Tea Party’ mayor brews trouble for Kan TOKYO: With his baseball cap and heavy local accent, the mayor of this city in Japan’s industrial heartland is taking on the sombre, dark-suited - and increasingly unpopular - politicians in Tokyo. “I want to make it a battle of ideologies,” said Takashi Kawamura, whose US Tea Party-like pledge to cut taxes and slash legislators’ salaries swept him to victory as mayor of Nagoya, a city of two million and capital of a prefecture that is home to Toyota Motor and other major Japanese manufacturers whose workers have been an important support base for the ruling Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ). “I want to make Japanese politics a battle between Tax Cut Japan and Tax Hike Japan, between the socialist idea of raising taxes and the idea of cuttings taxes and small government,”
Kawamura told Reuters in an interview in his slightly shabby private oﬃce, where a poster proclaims “Japan Tax Cuts and Democracy Start from Nagoya”. It is a platform in sharp contrast the debate in national politics, where Prime Minister Naoto Kan’s government is being blocked by opposition parties who have brought government to a near standstill and refuse even to discuss reforms he argues are vital to curb massive public debt. Kan has suggested a sales tax increase is essential to help fund the mushrooming cost of one of the world’s fastest ageing populations. But he has failed to make any headway, after 10 months in oﬃce, in pushing aside an increasingly muscular opposition, even though many share his concerns over the bulging debt. A combi-
nation of policy ﬂipﬂops and perceived diplomatic missteps has pushed his government’s popularity rating to just 20 percent. That has given hope to opposition parties which are trying to unseat the government by blocking bills to implement the budget and forcing a snap election they are certain it would lose and make Kan, in power since June, the ﬁfth premier since 2006 to stumble out of oﬃce. While Kan’s party had enough votes in the lower house to pass the new budget from next month it cannot muster enough support in the upper house to push through separate bills that would make the budget function. Mayor Kawamura is eying the premiership for himself and believes his “tax cut-lean government” approach will win over an electorate disenchanted
with the quagmire of national politics. “If I were prime minister, I would cut the (5 percent) sales tax by one percentage point,” said Kawamura, who proudly touts his local accent and often sports a baseball team cap in his frequent TV appearances. The allure of his “Tax Cut Japan” for disillusioned voters and the possibility of alliances with other local parties as well as rebel DPJ lawmakers are only adding to Kan’s considerable troubles. Kan’s shift away from early ruling party promises to put more cash in consumer hands by cutting wasteful spending when they took power in 2009 has upset some in his own party, especially backers of power broker Ichiro Ozawa, a former DPJ leader now under indictment over a political funding scandal.—Reuters
China railways scandal widens Criticism unlikely to derail program SHANGHAI: A widening probe into corruption in China’s powerful Railways Ministry is raising questions over the scale and pace of its multibillion-dollar drive to build costly high-speed railways, though it is unlikely to derail the program. Along with concerns over ﬁnancing and other issues, at least one proposal for scaling down the showcase program is due to be presented to a top advisory group meeting in Beijing this week during the annual session of China’s National People’s Congress, a state media report said Wednesday. Critics of the high-speed railways expansion say ticket costs are too high and the services do not really meet the needs of average travelers in many areas. “Railway development plans should be more down to earth and take into account what people really need,” Wu Youying
told the Shanghai Daily. Wu is a member of the advisory group, the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Congress. While Wu’s proposal will likely gain little traction given the resources invested in highspeed rail, the corruption investigation is a blow to the program, which until recently has rivaled China’s space eﬀorts in terms of national pride and importance. The scandal surfaced last month with the dismissal of Railways Minister Liu Zhijun amid allegations of so-far unspeciﬁed “severe violations of discipline.” Reports in the ﬁnancial news magazine Caixin Media and other local media say the allegations involve kickbacks, bribes, illegal contracts and sexual liaisons. Dismissals of top Communist Party oﬃcials are rare, since they can damage the party’s credibility among a
BEIJING: Delegates listen to a speech at the opening session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) in Beijing’s Great Hall of the People yesterday. – AP
public already jaded by widespread graft. But the current leadership has sought to burnish its image with various cleanup campaigns. Allegations against Liu have been circulating for several years, but with the leadership nervous over a possible spillover of the unrest in the Middle East, amid online calls for protests in China, the party may have felt now was a good time to act. “If you punish him, the results can only be positive. This is very well calculated on their part,” said Ding Xueliang, a China expert at Hong Kong’s University of Science and Technology. In the latest development, Zhang Shuguang, an engineer in charge of research and development of the country’s high-speed railways, was removed, also for alleged but unnamed disciplinary violations, the oﬃcial Xinhua News Agency announced late Tuesday. Zhang oversaw innovation of China’s highspeed rail technology, according to an earlier Xinhua report that quoted him describing his triumphs in negotiations with foreign companies. “Our strong point is that Chinese producers are united to form a ‘China corps’,” Zhang said. The same epic account cited Liu, the ousted railways minister, as likening the country’s high-speed railways to “dragons in the sky”. The concerns over the railway program are not limited to corruption. The country’s 91,000 km of passenger railways are the world’s longest and, in some cases, the fastest, but are still working beyond their capacity. China will spend 700 billion yuan ($106 billion) in railways construction this year, railway oﬃcials say, as it works toward its goal of having 13,000 km of high-speed rail in place by the year’s end. —AP
CHRISTCHURCH: Friends and family of those lost in the Christchurch earthquake leave a meeting after being told that the response effort has shifted in focus from rescue to body recovery in the central business district yesterday. – AFP
‘10 yrs to rebuild’ quake-hit NZ city CHRISTCHURCH, New Zealand: It will take at least 10 years to rebuild Christchurch, oﬃcials said yesterday, warning it would be months before they could even begin to reopen the quake-hit New Zealand city. The timeline, outlining the scale of damage to the country’s second largest city, came as the death toll from last week’s devastating quake rose to 161, with expectations it will rise to more than 240. Civil Defence head John Hamilton conﬁrmed that oﬃcials now believed there were no more survivors trapped beneath the mountains of rubble across the city. The last person found alive was pulled from a pancaked oﬃce block on Wednesday last week, a day after the 6.3 magnitude quake. “As time has gone on, the chance of ﬁnding someone alive has diminished and, sadly, there becomes a point where the response eﬀort shifts in focus from rescue to body recovery. We have now reached that point,” Hamilton said. New Zealand’s acting Economic Development Minister David Carter said it would take “more than 10 years” to rebuild Christchurch, the main gateway to the country’s South Island. He said work would get under way quickly but “it’s a big project”.
Christchurch mayor Bob Parker said the central business district (CBD) would remain closed for months, and across the city 22,000 households remain without electricity. “You can see with the level of damage that we have in the CBD that it is going to be some months before it is going to be reopened,” he told a media brieﬁng. “However, in terms of putting a timeline on what that is, we just don’t have information at this stage.” However, Parker said the city was determined to host Rugby World Cup matches this year as scheduled. Christchurch is to host ﬁve pool games and two quarter-ﬁnals in the Cup, which begins on Sept 9. “Utterly, absolutely, totally committed to that,” he said, although the city’s rugby venue AMI Stadium will remain closed until at least March 15 while operators check the extent of damage there. There is also a question mark over several inner-city hotels that are awaiting assessment by engineers. “We have to be pragmatic and realistic and accommodation is one of the issues that is concerning us,” Parker said. “AMI Stadium is going to be ﬁne for the Rugby World Cup and we are determined to make it happen here in Christchurch.”—AFP
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Women rally against ‘eve teasing’ in S Asia
NEW DELHI: In this file photograph taken on Nov 29, 2010, women from India’s North Eastern states hold placards during a peaceful protest against the rape of a girl from Mizoram. – AFP
Court rejects tainted India anti-graft chief Blow to embattled Singh NEW DELHI: India’s graft-tainted government suf- of the ruling Congress party. “Today’s judgement is a fered a fresh setback Thursday when its candidate to historic decision and shows how the ruling party has be the country’s chief corruption ﬁghter was rejected been failing to tackle corruption,” Rudy said. The by the Supreme Court because of a pending criminal Central Vigilance Commission is India’s leading anticase. The decision to cancel the appointment of corruption watchdog, and is one body addressing Central Vigilance Commissioner P J Thomas is likely to allegations of graft among organisers of the cause acute embarrassment for embattled Prime Commonwealth Games in New Delhi last October. “I Minister Manmohan Singh, who has publicly backed respect the Supreme Court verdict,” Singh told him. Thomas was appointed in September despite reporters before entering parliament. As well as giving ammunihaving been charged in 2000 tion to his political oppoover his role in allegedly nents, Thursday’s setback also fraudulent imports of palm undermines Singh’s recent oil from Malaysia while he public pledges to crack down worked as a civil servant in on corruption in Indian polithe Kerala state government tics and bring wrong-doers to in the 1990s. justice. The government and He was appointed by a the Congress party have been three-member committee reeling from a series of corcomprising Prime Minister ruption scandals over the last Singh, Home Minister P six months, which have Chidambaram and opposicaused concern among voters tion leader Sushma Swaraj. and have troubled foreign “The recommendation made investors. The most damaging by the high-powered has been the so-called “2G (appointment) committee scam” in which telecom does not exist in the eye of licences were sold in 2008 at a the law,” Chief Justice S H fraction of their value. The Kapadia told the court during telecom minister at the time, criticism of the naming A Raja, was arrested last process. Speaking to month and remains in police reporters after the Supreme custody. Court decision, Swaraj, who Thomas, who resigned as had opposed Singh and soon as the Supreme Court Chidambaram in the naming made its decision yesterday, of Thomas, said the “dignity was a senior ﬁgure in the teleof the oﬃce of the CVC has P J Thomas com ministry at the time of been restored”. the licence sales. He has not Opposition lawmaker Rajiv Pratap Rudy, also from the Bharatiya Janata Party been prosecuted over the palm oil imports allegations (BJP), said the judgement was “the biggest blow to and has always maintained his innocence, blaming Manmohan Singh and Sonia Gandhi” who is the head the accusations on political rivalry in Kerala. — AFP
NEW DELHI: It sounds almost playful, but “Eve teasing” is a daily torment for many women in South Asia, who are now trying to call time on what they see as a bland euphemism for sustained sexual harassment. Widely used for decades by the media and police in India and Bangladesh, and to a lesser extent in Nepal and Pakistan, “eve-teasing” is a catch-all term that encompasses anything from lewd comments to assault. As a reference to the biblical Eve, women activists argue that it carries an additional oﬀensive inference that of the woman as “temptress” who was complicit in her own downfall. “It’s a dismissive term,” said Jasmeen Patheja, founder of an Indian community performance art group called “Blank Noise” that combats the abuse of women in public areas. “Calling it ‘eve-teasing’ is actually a denial that it is sexual violence,” she told AFP. Following a spate of suicides by victims of sexual harassment, activists in Bangladesh successfully petitioned the High Court which ruled in January that the term Eve-teasing belittled the seriousness of the behaviour it described. “The ruling sent a message to the local media, police and the educational establishment it should be dropped and replaced by appropriate terms like sexual harassment, abuse or stalking,” said Salma Alik, head of the Bangladesh National Women Lawyers Association. From January to Nov 2010, 26 women and one father of a bullied girl committed suicide in Bangladesh, and 10 men and two women were murdered after protesting against sexual harassment, according to a local rights group. Estimates diﬀer on when the phrase “eve-teasing” came into common usage, although it appears in newspaper articles dating back to the 1950s and 60s. There are suggestions that it was appropriated by the media in order
to avoid the word “sexual” which might oﬀend sensibilities in culturally conservative countries. Even though today’s Indian newspapers are laced with sexual references, the usage has persisted often in headlines to stories which, on closer inspection, detail cases of women being slapped, groped and having their clothes torn oﬀ. As a result, activists say, the common perception of an Eve-teasing incident is often one of young men having some innocent fun at women’s expense. A recent survey by the International Centre for Research on Women (ICRW) of 1,000 teenaged boys in Mumbai showed that the overwhelming majority viewed the practise of Eve-teasing as harmless and inoﬀensive. The Hollaback! Movement - an international e-activism network against street sexual harassment opened its ﬁrst Indian branch in Mumbai last month and has begun a campaign to expose the reality behind the euphemism. “Calling it ‘Eve-teasing’ trivialises the act; it isn’t teasing, it’s harassment,” said Aisha Zakira, Director of Hollaback! in Mumbai. “And sexual harassment on the street is a gateway crime that creates a cultural environment which makes gender-based violence okay,” Zakira added. There have long been complaints that police in countries like India and Bangladesh are dismissive of sexual harassment as a serious crime and many argue that this mentality is reinforced by the idea that victims are only being “teased.” Many incidents go unreported, activists say, because women believe they will simply be courting ridicule and even further harassment. “Most victims are ashamed to tell even their mothers because they fear being stigmatised,” said Madhumita Das, a senior specialist in ICRW’s Asia regional oﬃce in New Delhi. —AFP
India counts its homeless amid demands for action MUMBAI: India’s homeless are being counted as part of the country’s mammoth 10-yearly census in an exercise that could help shape future housing policy in the fast-growing economy. Government employees fanned out across the capital New Delhi and big cities such as Mumbai and Kolkata this week to record the hundreds of thousands of individuals and families who live a hand-to-mouth existence on the streets. Provisional data is expected to be published by the end of March with the full report on the demographics of the world’s second-most populous nation due next year. “It will bring the extent of the problem before the planning authorities and how it should be dealt with,” Maju Varghese, from the YUVA Urban charity, told AFP in Mumbai. But experts said gathering information on homeless people was notoriously difﬁcult amid reports that some people were counted more than once while many others were missed. “There are a lot of loopholes and shortcomings,” said Shivani Chaudhry, from the Housing and Land Rights Network charity in New Delhi. “However it is a very good step forward that the homeless are being counted.” Varghese, whose organisation works with the urban poor, said the length of time taken for the survey - overnight Monday-Tuesday - was inadequate. “We would have liked to have seen it go on for about two days and more concentrated in areas where there are homeless people,” he said. “People were left out and more time to engage with the homeless population would have helped.” The last census in 2001 estimated that there were 778,599 homeless people in urban India, many of them rural migrants seeking jobs, education and a better life as the country’s economy expands. A 2009 government report into urban poverty blamed the situation on a lack of adequate and aﬀordable housing, leaving street sleepers vulnerable not just to the elements but violence, health problems and exploitation. In New Delhi, for example, there were only 14 government-run night shelters with a capacity of just under 3,000 for a homeless population of more than 100,000, the UNDP-backed report said. — AFP
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Pak court to proceed with CIA shooter trial LAHORE: A Pakistani court yesterday said that the murder trial of a CIA contractor would go ahead, despite the insistence of the US government that he has diplomatic immunity. The hearing in the murder case against Raymond Davis took place amid high security in Kot Lakhpat jail in Lahore where he is being held, and was adjourned until March 8. Davis has claimed he acted in self-defence when he shot dead two men in a busy Lahore street in January. The issue of his claim to diplomatic immunity is pending before the Pakistani High Court which is due to rule on March 14. “The court passed an order today saying that he (Davis) had failed to produce any legitimate document proving his diplomatic immunity,” the lawyer representing the families of the two men shot by him, Asad Manzoor Butt, told AFP after a closed-door hearing. “The judge rejected his (Davis’s) immunity claim after a lot of debate,” Butt said. His lawyer pleaded that he could not be prosecuted by this court because of the diplomatic immunity issue was pending in Lahore High Court, Butt said. “The judge replied that the Lahore High Court had not barred him to proceed on the murder trial,” Butt said. Zahid Bokhari, Davis’s lawyer, told AFP the judge had ordered the trial to continue because for the past one-and-a-half months no document had been produced in the court related to Davis’s immunity. “We will see the detailed written order by the judge and then will be able to
tell whether he had rejected the claim of diplomatic immunity or not,” Bokhari said. “We have tried to stop this trial and asked for some documents related to this case from the court,” said Bokhari, who appeared for the ﬁrst time on behalf of Davis. At a previous hearing on Feb 25, Davis refused to sign the copy of the charge sheet, insisting that he be released and claiming that he enjoyed diplomatic immunity. Meanwhile, Pakistani foreign secretary Salman Basir told reporters in Islamabad that it would be premature to conclude that the issue had damaged Pakistan-US relationship in any lasting sense. “I think on the Davis issue, it is of course our responsibility to ensure that issues such as these do not cast a shadow on our bilateral relations,” he said, adding: “I believe that is also the case with the State Department”. He said Pakistan was mindful of its international obligations as well as legal and constitutional responsibilities. Revelations that Davis was a CIA contractor have heaped pressure on Pakistan’s fragile government and further ramped up burning public mistrust of Washington. A third Pakistani was struck down and killed by a US diplomatic vehicle that came to Davis’s assistance. US oﬃcials denied Pakistan access to the vehicle and the occupants are widely believed to have left the country. Police have said they recovered a Glock pistol, four loaded magazines, a GPS navigation system and a small telescope from Davis’ car after the Jan 27 shooting. —AFP
LAHORE: Pakistani police stand guard as a vehicle carrying US officials arrives to attend a hearing of CIA contractor Raymond Davis at the Kot Lakhpat jail in yesterday. – AFP
Car bomb, ambush kill 15 PESHAWAR: A suicide car bombing and an ambush by militants targeting police in northwestern Pakistan yesterday killed 15 people including nine oﬃcers, police and oﬃcials said. The suicide car bombing hit a densely populated area of Hangu, which lies some 150 km south of Peshawar and borders the troubled tribal belt along the Afghan border. Police said the bomber killed at least nine people and wounded 31 others when he detonated his vehicle near a police patrol. “The bomber... blew himself up when a police patrol went close to the car for a security check in Hangu town,” senior local police oﬃcial Abdul Rasheed told AFP. “Nine people including three policemen were martyred and 31 wounded in the attack, which targeted the police. The injured include 12 women and four children.” Rasheed said the bomber was carrying some 300 kg of explosives in his vehicle, adding that the blast caused 13 houses and shops to collapse. Police spokesman Fazal Naeem conﬁrmed the attack and casualties, adding that “the blast created a 10-foot deep and 15-foot wide crater”. Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani strongly condemned the attack and “deplored the loss of lives and declared it an inhuman act”, an oﬃcial statement said. Local grocer Abdul Rashid, who sustained bruises to his face and shoulder after being knocked oﬀ his feet by the explosion, told AFP from a hospital in Hangu that he was standing in front of his shop when the attack happened. “I saw a blue-coloured vehicle coming close to a policemen and blowing up,” he said, adding: “I fell at least two metres away from my shop because of the very huge impact of the blast.” Taleban and Al-Qaeda-linked militants attack daily across northwest Pakistan and the border tribal belt that Washington has branded the most dangerous place on Earth. —AFP
ISLAMABAD: Pakistani Christians shout slogans against the killing of Christian government minister Shahbaz Bhatti during a protest yesterday. – AFP
Pak Christians slam politician’s killing Govt vows to battle extremism ISLAMABAD: Hundreds of Pakistani Christians demonstrated yesterday against the slaying of a Catholic government minister who had long been their most prominent advocate in the Muslim-majority country, burning tyres, demanding justice and even shouting for “a revolution.” The protests showed how marginalized religious minorities feel in a country where Islamist fundamentalist thought has become more mainstream. Hardline clerics suggested a US-led conspiracy was behind Wednesday’s assassination of Shahbaz Bhatti, and politicians cautiously condemned it - a sign of how weak the government has become in an already unstable, nuclear-armed nation. Bhatti, 42, was gunned down in the capital, Islamabad, after receiving death threats because he had urged Pakistan to reform harsh laws that impose the death penalty for insulting Islam. Bhatti was the second Pakistani politician killed in two months over the blasphemy issue. On Jan 4, Punjab Gov Salman Taseer was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards who disagreed with his view that the laws need to be changed. President Asif Ali Zardari, head of a government many Pakistanis hold in little regard, said Bhatti’s killing was the result of a “negative mindset and intolerance” that had led to the killing of a provincial governor in January. “We have to ﬁght this mindset and defeat them. We will not be intimidated nor will we retreat,” the oﬃcial APP news agency quoted Zardari as saying. As the government declared three days of oﬃcial mourning, Christians hit the streets. In Rawalpindi, a city near the capital, thick clouds of smoke rose from burning tires, while some 300 protesters chanted that Bhatti’s assassins must be brought to justice. One woman shouted that Bhatti’s killers were “defaming the image of Islam and trying to demolish my country of Pakistan”. In the central city of Multan, about 150 Muslims and Christians staged a peaceful protest, saying Bhatti’s sacriﬁce would not be in vain. Christians are the largest religious minority in Pakistan, where 95 percent of some 180 million people are Muslim. They have little political power. As Taleban violence and extremist ideas have spread, Christians and other religious minorities
have increasingly wondered if they have a future here. “We also do our best to serve society like other citizens, but we also deserve to be treated equally like others,” said Bhatti’s brother-in-law Yousuf Nishan as he received mourners and helped prepare for the slain politician’s Friday funeral. After Taseer’s death, there was outright glee among some of Pakistan’s increasingly powerful rightwing Islamists. Even many ordinary Pakistanis praised the assassin, saying the outspoken Muslim governor - a ﬂamboyant, wealthy and liberal man - was a traitor to his faith who deserved to be killed. But in the wake of Bhatti’s murder, clerics preferred to talk of conspiracies involving “foreign hands”, though some oﬀered lukewarm condemnations of the murder of a man described as humble, low-proﬁle and devoted to representing the downtrodden. The statements came even though pamphlets signed by Al-Qaeda and the Taleban were found at the scene claiming responsibility for the murder. “I am afraid that this could be an American conspiracy to defame the government of Pakistan, Muslims and Islam,” said Raﬁ Usmani, who bears the title of grand mufti of Pakistan. Some Islamist leaders and elements in Pakistan’s media suggested that the assassination was a way for the US to deﬂect attention from the case of Raymond Allen Davis, a CIA security contractor who is accused of killing two Pakistanis but whom Washington insists has diplomatic immunity. Senior Pakistani oﬃcials issued condemnations of the attack on Bhatti, denouncing extremism but not mentioning the blasphemy issue. The governing Pakistan People’s Party has said it was not going to touch the statutes, which human rights groups have long deplored. Analysts say the politicians have to be careful on the subject to avoid getting killed and because the government is too weak to stir Islamist backlash. The US, which strongly condemned Bhatti’s assassination, has pressed Pakistan to work against extremism. In particular, it wants Islamabad to eliminate hide-outs used by Islamist insurgents, saying they threaten American and NATO troops in Afghanistan as well as the stability of Pakistan itself. — Agencies
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world food prices hit record highs as oil rises
Will it be Obama vs economy in 2012? PAGE 19
WASHINGTON: TSA lead officer Terri Spann recruits workers at a job fair in SeaTac, Washington. — AP
GOP: Illegal immigrants taking minorities’ jobs Black lawmakers slam Republicans WASHINGTON: Black lawmakers have accused Republicans of trying to “manufacture tension” between African-Americans and immigrants as Republican members of the House of Representatives argued in a hearing that more minorities would be working were it not for illegal immigration. Democratic Rep Emanuel Cleaver II chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus, criticized the hearing’s premise in a statement. Several other Democratic lawmakers echoed that argument, saying Republicans were ignoring their lack of support for job training, aﬃrmative action, college ﬁnancial aid and other programs more critical to employment of minorities. “I am concerned by the majority’s attempt to manufacture tension between African-Americans and immigrant communities. It seems as though they would like for our communities to think about immigration in terms of ‘us versus them,’ and I reject that notion,” Cleaver said in his statement. Rep. John Conyers of Michigan, ranking Democrat on the House Judiciary Committee, issued a warning at the start of the hearing against any attempts to pit blacks against Latino immigrants, a notion that he said he found “so abhorrent and repulsive.” The Republican takeover of the House has given the party a chance to shape the immigration debate this session. Republicans have been couching their immigration agenda in the context of the slumping economy and consistently high unemployment. Tuesday’s hearing by the immigration and enforcement subcommittee was the third focusing on jobs, the
economy and immigration enforcement. Republican Elton Gallegly, the subcommittee’s chairman, argued that the “real victims of the failed immigration policies” are low-skilled legal workers. Gallegly said the topic is often ignored by immigration supporters. “Our focus should be on ensuring every U.S. citizen American who is willing to work has a job instead of (ﬁlling) jobs with foreign laborers,” Gallegly said. Immigrants often compete for jobs with low-income laborers, he said. Rep Lamar Smith, a Texas Republican, pointed out that after Immigration and Customs Enforcement raided Georgia Crider Inc., which had 600 jobs ﬁlled by people not working in the country legally, the company raised wages $1 an hour and attracted legal workers, primarily black Americans. “With unemployment at over 9 percent for 21 months, jobs are scarce. And that is especially true in minority communities across the US,” Smith said. The GOP has been trying to balance its immigration enforcement agenda with its need for greater Hispanic voter support to win the White House in 2012. Republicans hoped to show some minorities support deporting immigrants and oppose granting legal status to those who are in the country illegally. The three witnesses supporting the Republican view at the hearing were Hispanic and black. Lawmakers and witnesses presented their own studies and statistics supporting their positions. A recent Pew Hispanic Center report found immigrants were returning
to work more quickly than native-born workers but earning less than they had before the recession, stoking views among advocates for tough immigration enforcement that jobs held by Americans were being taken by immigrants. Studies indicate that the correlation is not as direct as some would suggest. On Tuesday, the Economic Policy Institute issued three reports on the low wages of black workers. One report found that the average annual wages of jobs in which black men are overrepresented is $37,005, compared with $50,333 in jobs where they are underrepresented. In another institute study, researcher Patrick Mason found that black immigrant men are not better oﬀ in weekly wages than black American men. Wade Henderson, chairman and CEO of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, acknowledged that because of the higher unemployment in their communities, African-Americans fear the immigrant work force will make it harder for them to get jobs. Henderson said high unemployment among blacks has a wide variety of causes. Unemployment rates for more than 50 years have been almost double what they are for white Americans, he said, even as the population of foreign-born people in the US has increased. Denial of equal opportunity in education, criminal justice, housing and jobs “continues to contribute more directly to the high unemployment rate that African-Americans endure and not the issue of illegal immigration as has been cited by virtue of this hearing,” Henderson said.—AP
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Treasury: $6.3bn return from stock sale by AIG WASHINGTON: The Treasury Department said that a sale of MetLife Inc stock by American International Group Inc brought in $6.3 billion, which will go toward repaying a portion of the taxpayer bailout of the insurance company. Treasury said that the $6.3 billion in gross proceeds from the sale would be used to redeem part of Treasury’s $18.2 billion investment in preferred equity shares in AIG. AIG oﬀered 146.8 million shares of its holdings in MetLife for sale and the stock sold at $43.25 a share. The MetLife stock sale is part of the government’s eﬀort to wind down its largest and most complex rescue from the 2008 ﬁnancial crisis, when
it assembled a $182 billion package to save New York-based AIG. The government owns more than 1.6 billion shares of AIG common stock, giving it a 92 percent stake in the company. The Treasury is expected to start selling those shares in March. Tim Massad, Treasury’s acting assistant secretary for ﬁnancial security, labeled AIG’s sale of its MetLife holdings evidence of a “remarkable turnaround” for AIG. “We are optimistic about the prospects that taxpayers will recover every dollar invested in AIG - something that many thought would be impossible when these investments were ﬁrst made,” Massad said in a statement. The stock sale weighed on
World shares rise after strong US jobs report BANGKOK: World stocks regained their composure yesterday after upbeat US employment ﬁgures buoyed shares on Wall Street, surmounting fears of a disruption in the global production of crude. Oil prices fell amid reports that Libyan leader Muammar Gaddaﬁ has accepted an oﬀer from Venezuela to mediate in Libya’s politics crisis but remained about $101 a barrel. The dollar was higher against the euro and dipped slightly against the yen. The momentum that helped Asian stocks move higher carried over to Europe, where shares rose in early trading. Britain’s FTSE 100 was 0.5 percent higher to 5,942.37 while Germany’s DAX gained 0.6 percent to 7,225.16. France’s CAC-40 added 0.6 percent to 4,056.48. Ahead of the opening bell, Dow Jones industrial average futures rose 0.4 percent to 12,095 and S&P 500 futures was 0.5 percent higher at 1,312.20. South Korea’s Kospi Composite Index, which has dropped more than 4 percent since the beginning of the year, found its footing. The benchmark rose a hefty 2.2 percent to 1,970.66 after the government said industrial output grew for the 19th straight month in January. Citing a government report, Yonhap news agency reported that production in mining and manufacturing rose 13.7 percent in January from the same month a year earlier, fueled mainly by autos and semiconductors. That boosted shares such as Kia Motors Corp, the country’s second-biggest automaker, up 6.6 percent, and Hynix Semiconductor, the world’s second-largest maker of computer memory chips, up 3.3 percent. Japan’s Nikkei 225 stock average climbed 0.9 percent to 10,586.02 while Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index was 0.3 percent higher to 23,122.42. Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 index was up slightly to 4,806.40. Benchmarks in Singapore, Taiwan, and New Zealand also rose. But mainland Chinese shares fell as proﬁt taking in the afternoon oﬀset morning gains. Shares in ﬁnancials, cement and oil companies were higher, while shares in agriculture-related and biotechnology companies fell. The benchmark Shanghai Composite Index lost 0.4 percent to 2,902.98, while the Shenzhen Composite Index lost 1.6 percent to 1,272.00. Chinese shares will likely remain volatile as investors guess over whether recent
data showing the economy is growing more slowly than in recent months will preempt further inﬂation-ﬁghting moves by the government, analysts said. The opening of the annual session of the national legislature is adding to the sense of caution. “The economy may not grow as quickly as before, but that could be good if there are no big policy moves,” said Peng Yunliang, an analyst at Shanghai Securities, in Shanghai. The mostly strong showing in Asian markets followed Wall Street gains spurred by a hiring report that surprised investors and gave hope the dark clouds over the job market may be clearing. Payroll processor ADP said US private companies added 217,000 jobs in February, well above the 180,000 analysts had predicted. Analysts said that sets a positive tone for a US government jobs report for February due out Friday. That is not to say, however, that concerns have eased over Libya and the recent escalation in oil prices - up nearly $17 per barrel since the North African country’s uprising began in midFebruary. The rebellion has shut down oil production in many parts of the country. While Libya’s oil ﬁelds produce only about 2 percent of global demand, experts say the disruption is putting pressure on world supplies. The oil disruption ranks as the eighth largest “supply shock” since 1950, Bank of America Merrill Lynch Global Research said in a report. “If it spreads to more oil exporters, especially the most vital Saudi Arabia, the potential impact on oil prices and general implications for world stability could be considerable. Even if it does not spread to the most vital oil exporters, there is still potential for supply disruptions in the Middle East due to the unrest,” the report said. On Wednesday, the Dow Jones industrial average rose 0.1 percent to close at 12,066.80, while the broader S&P 500 rose 0.2 percent to 1,308.44. Benchmark crude rose was down 86 cents to $101.35 in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. On Wednesday, the contract settled above $102 per barrel for the ﬁrst time since September of 2008 as ﬁghting escalated in Libya and petroleum demand grew in the US. In currencies, the dollar was down slightly at 81.82 yen from 81.84 overnight, while the euro dropped to $1.3853 from $1.3863. — AP
MetLife’s stock Wednesday. Shares in the New York-based life insurer ended down $2.63, or 5.7 percent, at $43.41. AIG’s shares rose 60 cents, or 1.6 percent, to close at $37.30. The bailout of AIG became a symbol for excessive risk on Wall Street and a touchstone for public anger over the government’s $700 billion bailout program. The AIG bailout, which included loans and federal guarantees, was the largest of a series of rescues announced during the stomach-churning weeks in the fall of 2008 at the height of the ﬁnancial crisis. Treasury made a total cash investment from its Troubled Asset Relief Program of $68 billion.
The Federal Reserve also took part in the rescue and still holds many of the $50 billion worth of complex derivatives that it took oﬀ AIG’s books. AIG ﬁrst announced its repayment plan in September 2010 and since that time the company has worked to raise cash to pay back the government by selling parts of itself around the world. In addition to the MetLife stock that was sold Wednesday, Treasury said $3 billion in MetLife equity units were also sold. Treasury said the proceeds from that sale would remain in an escrow account and would be used over the next two years to pay down Treasury’s preferred equity interests in the company. — AP
Will it be Obama vs economy in 2012? Economists expect 9.1% US jobless rate for Feb
WASHINGTON: President Barack Obama signs the two-week funding bill averting a government shutdown in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington on Wednesday, March 2, 2011. — AP WASHINGTON: With a leading Republican candidate yet to emerge, the biggest risk to President Barack Obama’s quest for a second term next year is a jobless rate that has hovered between 9 and 10 percent for months. Friday’s jobless report is expected to show nonfarm payrolls soared in February by 185,000 jobs, but the overall unemployment rate is nonetheless expected to edge up to 9.1 percent. Former House speaker Newt Gingrich is edging toward entering the presidential race but heavyweight Republicans like him have yet to formally line up to oppose Obama in the 2012 election, making the monthly unemployment report one of the best early guides to the president’s re-election prospects. Analysts say the jobless rate needs to drop below 8 percent by autumn 2012 for voters to feel optimistic about the economy - and Obama’s handling of it-when they go to the polls that November. “The problem for President Obama is that the window to achieve that kind of growth is closing. Without signiﬁcant job growth this year, he will be in an economically challenging position to open the 2012 race,” said Matt McDonald, an analyst at the Washington policy advisory ﬁrm Hamilton Place Strategies. US voters may be temporarily captivated by tur-
moil in the Arab world, disputes between Republican state governors and unions or policy squabbles in Congress, but no issue preoccupies Americans as persistently as their own bank accounts and job outlook. “Unemployment is the best-known measure of the health of the US economy and it’s an indicator of economic performance that is lagging badly,” said economist Gary Burtless at the Brookings Institution, adding that the jobless rate would become more important closer to the November 2012 election. McDonald estimates the US economy needs to add 190,000 jobs per month in the next 1-1/2 years for unemployment to drop below 8 percent by Election Day 2012. “If more people are getting jobs, they are happier about the economy and happier about the job that the president is doing,” he said. CLOSE RACE EXPECTED Besides Gingrich, senior Republicans including former governors Mitt Romney and Tim Pawlenty are thought to be planning to seek the Republican presidential nomination, though none has formally announced a plan to run. And no-one has emerged as a Republican favorite. The famously outspoken Gingrich is remembered from his years in Congress as a polarizing ﬁgure. — Reuters
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
World food prices hit record highs as oil rises Unrest in Mideast, North Africa rocks markets
KANSAS: In this photo, wheat stands against a setting sun near Isabel, Kan. A UN food agency said yesterday that global food prices reached new highs in February and warns that oil price spikes could provoke further increases. — AP
ROME: World food prices have hit new records and oil price spikes could push them even higher, the UN food agency warned yesterday, as unrest in the Middle East and North Africa hits markets. The Food Price Index, which monitors average monthly price changes for a variety of key staples, rose to 236 points in February from 231 points in January, the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said. It was the highest level since FAO began monitoring prices in 1990. “Unexpected oil price spikes could further exacerbate an already precarious situation in food markets,” David Hallam, director of the Rome-based FAO’s trade and market division, was quoted as saying in a statement. “This adds even more uncertainty concerning the price outlook just as plantings for crops in some of the major growing regions are about to start.” Crude prices pushed higher yesterday amid ﬁghting in oil-rich Libya between Muammar Gaddaﬁ loyalists and rebel forces. New York’s main contract, light sweet crude oil for April delivery, rose to $102.56 and Brent North Sea crude
for April was up at $116.65 dollars. “Persistent uncertainty in the region continues to support fears of contagion,” British bank Barclays Capital said in a report. “Lost output from countries like Libya and the increasing likelihood of a pushback in foreign investment is set to support longer-term prices,” it said. The International Energy Agency said oil exports from Libya had been cut by between 850,000 and one million barrels per day, out of a total of 1.6 million barrels sent mostly to European buyers before the uprising. Loyalist attacks on the strategic Libyan oil port of Brega, home to major petroleum operations, added to concern, while popular unrest also aﬀects the Arabian Peninsula with protests in Bahrain, Oman and Yemen. The FAO has warned that rising food prices are driving unrest around the world, including recent uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa. Aid agencies have called on the international community to take urgent action to put an end to the recent food price volatility. The G20 group of leading world economies
S Korea reserves new record high SEOUL: South Korea’s foreign currency reserves hit a new record high in February for the second straight month, the central bank said yesterday, though the country’s global ranking slipped to seventh in total holdings. The country’s oﬃcial foreign reserves totaled $297.67 billion at the end of last month, the Bank of Korea said in a statement, up $1.71 billion from the previous high of $295.96 billion in January. South Korea’s reserves, the world’s seventh largest as of the end of January, hit a series of all-time highs last year. Asian countries lead the world in reserve holdings. The central bank attributed February’s gain to higher operating proﬁts on the reserves and gains in the euro and British pound against the greenback, which led to an increase in the dollar value of the portion of the reserves denominated in the European and British currencies. January’s increase was for the same reason. South Korea’s reserves have steadily climbed since falling to $200.51 billion in November 2008 as monetary authorities dipped into the pool of cash to battle the eﬀects of
the global credit crisis. Reserves are a key economic and policy weapon for a country because they can be used to defend its currency, provide liquidity and bolster the ﬁnancial system. The recovery in South Korea’s reserves has enlarged its buﬀer against potential economic turmoil. The South Korean government sees the reserves as a key
defense against any crisis. South Korea’s reserves are largely invested in securities and deposits, according to the central bank. A smaller component is a notional currency called Special Drawing Rights, which are overseen by the International Monetary Fund. Gold accounts for the smallest portion. —AP
SEOUL: A South Korean bank clerk works next to bundles of US banknotes at the head office of the Korea Exchange Bank in Seoul yesterday. —AP
has vowed to take action. The FAO said the February increase in its Food Price Index was the eighth consecutive monthly rise, with dairy prices up 4.0 percent from January and cereal prices up 3.7 percent due to increased maize demand and lower supply. The UN food agency said that this was due to “larger use of maize for ethanol production in the United States” and “statistical adjustments to China’s historical supply and demand balance for maize.” Meat prices meanwhile rose 2.0 percent from January, while the price of oils and fats rose only marginally and prices for sugar fell slightly. A breakdown of yesterday’s FAO data showed that in China prices for rice and wheat ﬂour stabilized after government assurances on reserves but they remained 23 percent and 16 percent above their levels for February 2010. The data also showed that coarse grain prices have started to increase in Africa, while in South America prices of wheat and maize are on the increase. In the former Soviet Union, wheat prices stabilized or decreased. — AFP
‘Minor’ leaks found on Singapore A380 engines SINGAPORE: Singapore Airlines (SIA) said yesterday it had discovered ﬁve cases of oil leaks on the RollsRoyce Trent 900 engines on its Airbus A380 planes, but insisted the planes were safe to ﬂy. SIA said the leaks were minor and did not pose any safety issues on the ﬂights. “It is correct that we have had ﬁve cases of oil leaks on Trent 900 engines but there was no safety of ﬂight issue on any of those occasions,” a spokesman with the airline said in a statement to AFP. “The issue that caused the leaks was identiﬁed and corrected. They were minor and we never needed to reduce power during ﬂight.” He said some of the leaks were discovered after a Qantas A380 plane made an emergency landing in Singapore in November last year due to a mid-air engine explosion, while the others were found before that incident. The Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) said in a report that the blast on the Qantas aircraft could have been caused by a possible manufacturing issue related to oil pipes on the Rolls-Royce Trent 900 engine. The Australian safety watchdog said the problem could lead to fatigue cracking, oil leakage and potential engine failure from an oil ﬁre. Last month, Qantas estimated it had suﬀered an Aus$80 million ($81.1 million) ﬁnancial hit from November’s blast and resultant aircraft groundings. It said it was still discussing compensation with the British engine-maker. SIA carried out engine checks on its own A380 ﬂeet after the Qantas incident. Shukor Yusof, an aviation analyst at Standard and Poor’s Asia Equity Research, said the leaks would have minimal impact on SIA. “I don’t see any major technical diﬃculties with what has happened to those engines because as we all know, Singapore Airlines has a very stringent maintenance program,” Shukor said. —AFP
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Libya exposes risks of China’s Africa ventures BEIJING: Tens of thousands of Chinese workers are scrambling to escape the chaos in Libya, highlighting the risks taken by Chinese businesses piling into unstable African countries in search of oil, gas and other resources. Beijing is taking unprecedented steps to aid with the evacuation, sending charter ﬂights and ferries along with military transport planes and dispatching a navy frigate to provide security for its nationals in Libya, where increasingly violent clashes are threatening to transform a 15-day popular rebellion into a civil war. About 32,000 Chinese - most working on construction projects or providing oil ﬁeld services - had been whisked out of Libya as of Wednesday, with another 3,000 waiting to be airlifted out of the desert in the country’s deep south, according to China’s Foreign Ministry. The
ﬁghting between rebel forces and loyalists of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddaﬁ isn’t expected to have an impact on China’s burgeoning economic links with Africa, but analysts say it serves as a reminder of the need for contingency plan when working in unstable or politically repressive countries where conditions can turn dramatically desperate. Chasing opportunities where others fear to tread, Chinese businesses have long accepted such dangers, and the swift response in Libya is a sign of the new protections it is oﬀering its citizens abroad. While no Chinese have been reported killed or injured in Libya, Chinese businesses and construction sites have been looted and workers forced from their dormitories. Chinese companies, meanwhile, stand to lose ﬁnancially from deals
abruptly halted, including a half-ﬁnished public housing project being built by state-owned contractor China State Construction Engineering Corp. worth 17.6 billion yuan ($2.67 billion). The company says the project’s future is uncertain. “There is this argument that China can no longer continue to aﬀord to pull back every time and that it should more actively safeguard the interests of its people and its companies,” said Jonathan Holslag, a research fellow at the Institute for Contemporary China Studies at the University of Brussels. Another state-run company, China Railway Construction Corp, said it was concerned over the fate of three separate projects worth a total of more than $4.2 billion, especially losses to equipment and building materials. Other Chinese engineering, telecommunications and energy
companies also face losses, although it was unclear what the total ﬁgure would be, according to the authoritative China Business News newspaper. Wang Suolao, a Peking University Middle East expert, said Chinese companies had taken on contracts in Libya worth a total of $18 billion. He told The Associated Press it was too early to tell what the losses would be. Chinese businesses drawn to the continent in search of oil, gas, copper and other resources are expected to have invested $50 billion in Africa by 2015, according to a forecast from South Africa’s Standard Bank. Meanwhile, China’s trade with Africa passed $100 billion last year, boosted by cuts in tariﬀs on African exports, and is due to more than double to $300 billion by 2015, according to Standard Bank. —AP
Oil dips briefly on Libya peace talk; ECB in view ECB expected to sharpen anti-inflation stance
HARARA: Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe signs a petition against Western economic sanctions targeting his supporters. — AP
Zimbabwe to seize foreign businesses HARARE: Zimbabwe’s deﬁant president has threatened to seize foreign businesses in retaliation for Western economic sanctions targeting him and his supporters over alleged human rights abuses in the southern African nation. President Robert Mugabe made special mention on Wednesday of British-controlled banks and businesses, saying British interests controlled 400 businesses in the former British colony. “It is time now to take action and to start looking at these companies we must take over,” Mugabe told a rally at the start of a campaign to gather two million signatures for a national petition to take over the businesses. He accused Barclays and the Standard Chartered banks of taking money out of Zimbabwe’s economy and using it to support a British banking freeze against Zimbabwean leaders. He said British ﬁrms and other European and American interests also took out proﬁts on mining and other ventures. “We say no to that,” Mugabe said. He also demanded executives of foreign-owned companies denounce the sanctions placed by their governments. Trucks and buses carrying Mugabe supporters arrived earlier Wednesday at open ﬁeld on the edge of the city center. The supporters sang slogans and raised Mugabe’s trademark clenched-ﬁst salute. The former opposition party of Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai, in a shaky coalition with Mugabe, boycotted the gathering. In a statement, Tsvangirai’s Movement for Democratic Change said the measures against Mugabe and his ZANU-PF party resulted from its record of violence, intimidation and vote-rigging. —AP
LONDON: A proposal by Venezuela President Hugo Chavez to try to broker a peace deal in Libya brieﬂy pushed oil lower yesterday, while recently risk-averse stock markets put in some gains. European markets were volatile ahead of a European Central Bank meeting that was expected to sharpen its anti-inﬂation line. Early losses of around $3 a barrel in crude oil were pared back on reports of continued ﬁghting in Libya, including air strikes against rebel positions. Brent crude oil fell as low as $113.09 a barrel but was later back up around $116. World stocks as measured by MSCI were up 0.2 percent. The early moves in oil were prompted by Chavez, a good friend of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddaﬁ, suggesting a commission from Latin America, Europe and the Middle East could be formed to try to reach a negotiated outcome to the Libyan crisis, which has driven oil prices to levels that may threaten global economic recovery. Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa said the proposal a was under consideration by his group. Some oil analysts suggested that the proposal was a convenient excuse for traders to adjust their positions. “If it’s coming out of Chavez, it might not have a great degree of substance,” said Tim Riddell, head of technical analysis at ANZ in Singapore. “The fact that the markets have been so volatile and without having concrete evidence of any material shift in the unrest in the Arab world suggests to me that we are at best consolidating.” Financial markets have nonetheless
TONDO: A Filipino boy looks on as they stop for gas at a makeshift store selling gasoline placed in soda glass bottles at P58 (about $ 1.3) per liter at Manila’s poor district of Tondo, Philippines yesterday. Oil prices hovered above $102 a barrel yesterday in Asia as fierce fighting in Libya appears to have cut crude output in the OPEC nation more than previously estimated. — AP
become highly sensitive to North Africa and Middle east tension because of the broad impact that a rising oil price has on everything from corporate proﬁts to consumer conﬁdence and interest rate projections. STOCKS RISE European shares rose yesterday buoyed by positive US economic news overnight and the falling oil price. The FTSEuroﬁrst 300 index of leading European shares was up 0.4 percent, partially recovering the previous session’s 0.7 percent fall. Forecastbeating US private sector jobs data
and positive comments from the Federal Reserve in its latest Beige Book report overnight helped buoy equities in both the United States and Asia. “(There is) some hope that the global recovery is strong enough to weather any shocks that may arise due to uncertainties in the Middle East,” said Zahid Mahmood, senior dealer at Capital Spreads. The euro hovered near a fourmonth high against the dollar, supported by expectations that the ECB meeting will pave the way for rate rises later in the year. —Reuters
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
US households take the hit Mideast unrest sparks a rage in oil prices
The unrest in the Middle East was sparking a sudden surge in petroleum prices. Speculation about how the situation might influence worldwide supplies helped push a barrel of crude oil last week to $100, the highest level since the sharp spikes of 2008. Crude oil in the $100 price range translates to heating oil and gasoline at roughly $4 a gallon. Real estate agent Laura Binning of St Charles, Illinois, fills up her Hummer H2 at the South Elgin Marathon station while her son, eston, 3, plays with the pump5. Compared to prices early last September, the typical two-vehicle household is paying $825 more per year at the pump.
ast week’s surge in petroleum markets has intensified a five-month assault on the typical household’s energy budget, boosting prices in an oil-heated home with two cars by $1,417 a year since early September. Overall, those hikes have increased the annual statewide cost of fuel oil and gasoline by roughly $653 million, figures show. Most of this money leaves the state, much of it going to other countries. These estimates are drawn from figures compiled by the Maine Sunday Telegram to illustrate the impact of rising petroleum prices on residents and the economy. They were reviewed by economists and AAA Northern New England. The estimates were calculated as unrest in the Middle East was sparking a sudden surge in petroleum prices. Speculation about how the situation might influence worldwide supplies helped push a barrel of crude oil last week to $100, the highest level since the sharp spikes of 2008. Crude oil in the $100 price range translates to heating oil and gasoline at roughly $4 a gallon. Rising wholesale prices now are causing daily jumps at the retail level. Regular gasoline shot up 6 cents a gallon from Thursday to Friday, to $3.33. Compared to prices early last September, the typical two-vehicle household is paying $825 more per year at the pump. Assuming the number of homes with two vehicles that have average fuel economy and annual travel, the price change has totaled $412.5 million annually. A prolonged period of $4-a-gallon gasoline
and heating oil would drain hundreds of millions of dollars from Maine’s economy, which is especially dependent on petroleum. More than seven in 10 Maine homes burn oil for heat, and 77 percent of workers commute alone by car, according to the latest US Census survey. An example of the potential impact: If gasoline averaged $4 a gallon for a year, a typical two-car household using 1,250 gallons would spend $5,000 a year to fill up. Energy prices change daily, but state oﬃcials and experts say Mainers should begin preparing now for the likelihood of a year of high energy costs. Take the opportunity to change your family’s “energy culture,” suggested John Kerry, the state’s energy director. Drive less and share rides. Weatherize and boost eﬃciency. Plan now for the next heating season. “This has become a year-round sport, if you will,” Kerry said. Maine burns roughly 1.6 billion gallons of petroleum a year, most of it in the form of gasoline and diesel fuel. The statewide average for regular gasoline was $2.67 a gallon in early September, according to AAA. It climbed to $3.33 last Friday. Diesel fuel already is flirting with the $4-a-gallon mark. The average diesel price last Friday was nearly a dollar higher than a year ago, at $3.85 a gallon, a distressing sign for truckers. But few Maine motorists are likely escape $4-a-gallon gasoline this summer, AAA Northern New England predicts. Gasoline prices typically see a “spring rally” as driving increases. Except for 2010, summer pump
prices have increased from their winter lows by at least 56 cents a gallon each year since 2006, records show. DRAIN ON THE ECONOMY Beyond gasoline, heating oil accounts for the largest petroleum demand in Maine, more than 300 million gallons a year. Fuel oil prices were relatively low when the heating season began last September. The statewide average stood at $2.56 a gallon, according to the weekly energy oﬃce survey. By last week, the average price had risen to $3.37. Compared with early last September, the average oil-heated home and business have seen average annual costs rise by at least $592 from the start of the heating season. Based on the number of Maine homes with oil and average consumption, that price change totals $240.6 million a year. Another hike is expected this week, when the next statewide survey is released. These price hikes probably aren’t severe enough to derail the fragile economic recovery, according to Charles Colgan, a University of Southern Maine economist and forecaster, but they could slow job growth and consumer spending. “The big eﬀect is to drain money out of the United States and Maine economies that would otherwise circulate and support other activities,” Colgan said. “With the economy as weak as it is, this is not welcome news.” One brighter spot for the household energy budget is the price of electricity. Depressed natural gas prices for power plants, and a scheduled drop in distribution costs, are actually lowering total electric rates. A typical
Central Maine Power Co. home customer paying $81 a month will see that bill ease to around $78 in July, when distribution rates change. But electricity generally is the smallest piece of the energy budget in a typical Maine household. Heat and transportation have far larger impacts, which are magnified in homes with lower incomes. The financial hit from rising heating oil prices on poor Mainers was highlighted in a recent white paper report circulated by William Strauss, president of FutureMetrics, a renewable energy consulting firm in Albany Township. Strauss is a founder of a business that sells wood-pellet boilers, and is involved with promoting wood fuel. Using the mostrecent Census data, Strauss showed heating oil costs as a percentage of income, if oil reaches $4.50 a gallon. The analysis found that the poorest Mainers, roughly one in 10 residents, would spend half their gross income on heating oil. The largest group of residents, roughly six in 10, would spend 13 percent of their income on heating oil. This estimate omits the impact of gasoline. Combining gasoline and heating oil with each priced at $4 to $4.50 a gallon, and including electricity, would put a severe strain on a family’s total budget, according to calculations in a study this month on oﬀshore wind power for the University of Maine. The median household income in Maine is roughly $45,000. If the projected prices of fuel hold true this year, a family could spend up to $10,000 on energy-more than 20 percent of its gross annual earnings. — mct
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Bahraini anti-government protesters hold up a banner bearing photographs of people killed in recent demonstrations during a march through central Manama Feb 26, 2011. —AP
The problem with revolutions is that the people who start them rarely finish them By George Friedman
he Muslim world, from North Africa to Iran, has experienced a wave of instability in the last few weeks. No regimes have been overthrown yet, although as of this writing, Libya was teetering on the brink. There have been moments in history where revolution spread in a region or around the world as if it were a wildﬁre. These moments do not come often. Those that come to mind include 1848, where a rising in France engulfed Europe. There was also 1968, where the demonstrations of what we might call the New Left swept the world: Mexico City, Paris, New York and hundreds of other towns saw anti-war revolutions staged by Marxists and other radicals. Prague saw the Soviets smash a New Leftist government. Even China’s Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution could, by a stretch, be included. In 1989, a wave of unrest, triggered by East Germans wanting to get to the West, generated an uprising in Eastern Europe that overthrew Soviet rule. Each had a basic theme. The 1848 uprisings attempted to establish liberal democracies in nations that had been submerged in the reaction to Napoleon. 1968 was about radical
The real issue is whether these revolutions will succeed in replacing existing regimes. Let’s consider the process of revolution for the moment, beginning by distinguishing a demonstration from an uprising. reform in capitalist society. 1989 was about the overthrow of communism. They were all more complex than that, varying from country to country. But in the end, the reasons behind them could reasonably be condensed into a sentence or two. Some of these revolutions had great impact. 1989 changed the global balance of power. 1848 ended in failure at the time - France reverted to a monarchy within four years - but set the stage for later political changes. 1968 produced little that was lasting. The key is that in each country where they took place, there were signiﬁcant diﬀerences in the details - but they shared core principles at a time when other countries were open to those principles, at least to some extent. The Current Rising in Context In looking at the current rising, the geographic area is clear: The Muslim countries of North Africa and the
Arabian Peninsula have been the prime focus of these risings, and in particular North Africa where Egypt, Tunisia and now Libya have had profound crises. Of course, many other Muslim countries also had revolutionary events that have not, at least until now, escalated into events that threaten regimes or even ruling personalities. There have been hints of such events elsewhere. There were small demonstrations in China, and of course Wisconsin is in turmoil over budget cuts. But these don’t really connect to what is happening in the Middle East. The ﬁrst was small and the second is not taking inspiration from Cairo. So what we have is a rising in the Arab world that has not spread beyond there for the time being. The key principle that appears to be driving the risings is a feeling that the regimes, or a group of individuals within the regimes, has deprived the public of political and, more important, economic rights - in short, that they
enriched themselves beyond what good taste permitted. This has expressed itself in diﬀerent ways. In Bahrain, for example, the rising was of the primarily Shiite population against a predominantly Sunni royal family. In Egypt, it was against the person of Hosni Mubarak. In Libya, it is against the regime and person of Muammar Gaddaﬁ and his family, and is driven by tribal hostility. Why has it come together now? One reason is that there was a tremendous amount of regime change in the region from the 1950s through the early 1970s, as the Muslim countries created regimes to replace foreign imperial powers and were buﬀeted by the Cold War. Since the early 1970s, the region has, with the exception of Iran in 1979, been fairly stable in the sense that the regimes - and even the personalities who rose up in the unstable phase - stabilized their countries and imposed regimes that could not easily be moved.
Gaddaﬁ, for example, overthrew the Libyan monarchy in 1969 and has governed continually for 42 years since then. Any regime dominated by a small group of people over time will see that group use their position to enrich themselves. There are few who can resist for 40 years. It is important to recognize that Gaddaﬁ, for example, was once a genuine, pro-Soviet revolutionary. But over time, revolutionary zeal declines and avarice emerges along with the arrogance of extended power. And in the areas of the region where there had not been regime changes since after World War I, this principle stays true as well, although interestingly, over time, the regimes seem to learn to spread the wealth a bit. Thus, what emerged throughout the region were regimes and individuals who were classic kleptocrats. More than anything, if we want to deﬁne this wave of unrest, particularly in North Africa, it is a rising against regimes - and particularly individuals - who have been in place for extraordinarily long periods of time. And we can add to this that they are people who were planning to maintain family power and money by installing sons as their political heirs. The same process, with variations, is
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
under way in the Arabian Peninsula. This is a rising against the revolutionaries of previous generations. The revolutions have been coming for a long time. The rising in Tunisia, particularly when it proved successful, caused it to spread. As in 1848, 1968 and 1989, similar social and cultural conditions generate similar events and are triggered by the example of one country and then spread more broadly. That has happened in 2011 and is continuing. A Uniquely Sensitive Region It is, however, happening in a region that is uniquely sensitive at the moment. The US-jihadist war means that, as with previous revolutionary waves, there are broader potential geopolitical implications. 1989 meant the end of the Soviet empire, for example. In this case, the question of greatest importance is not why these revolutions are taking place, but who will take advantage of them. We do not see these revolutions as a vast conspiracy by radical Islamists to take control of the region. A conspiracy that vast is easily detected, and the security forces of the individual countries would have destroyed the conspiracies quickly. No one organized the previous waves, although there have been conspiracy theories about them as well. They arose from certain conditions, following the example of one incident. But particular groups certainly tried, with greater and lesser success, to take advantage of them. In this case, whatever the cause of the risings, there is no question that radical Islamists will attempt to take advantage and control of them. Why wouldn’t they? It is a rational and logical course for them. Whether they will be able to do so is a more complex and important question, but that they would want to and are trying to do so is obvious. They are a broad, transnational and disparate group brought up in conspiratorial methods. This is their opportunity to create a broad international coalition. Thus, as with traditional communists and the New Left in the 1960s, they did not create the rising but they would be fools not to try to take advantage of it. I would add that there is little question but that the United States and other Western countries are trying to inﬂuence the direction of the uprisings. For both sides, this is a diﬃcult game to play, but it is particularly diﬃcult for the United States as outsiders to play this game compared to native Islamists who know their country. But while there is no question that Islamists would like to take control of the revolution, that does not mean that they will, nor does it mean that these revolutions will be successful. Recall that 1848 and 1968 were failures and those who tried to take advantage of them had no vehicle to ride. Also recall that taking control of a revolution is no easy thing. But as we saw in Russia in 1917, it is not necessarily the more popular group that wins, but the best organized. And you frequently don’t ﬁnd out who is best organized until afterwards. Democratic revolutions have two phases. The ﬁrst is the establishment of democracy. The second is the election of governments. The example of Hitler is useful as a caution on what kind of governments a young democracy can
produce, since he came to power through democratic and constitutional means - and then abolished democracy to cheering crowds. So there are three crosscurrents here. The ﬁrst is the reaction against corrupt regimes. The second is the election itself. And the third? The United States needs to remember, as it applauds the rise of democracy, that the elected government may not be what one expected. In any event, the real issue is whether these revolutions will succeed in replacing existing regimes. Let’s consider the process of revolution for the moment, beginning by distinguishing a demonstration from an uprising. A demonstration is merely the massing of people making speeches. This can unsettle the regime and set the stage for more serious events, but by itself, it is not signiﬁcant. Unless the demonstrations are large enough to paralyze a
demonstrations. The moment it goes beyond the demonstration is when it confronts troops and police. If the demonstrators disperse, there is no revolution. If they confront the troops and police, and if they carry on even after they are ﬁred on, then you are in a revolutionary phase. Thus, pictures of peaceful demonstrators are not nearly as signiﬁcant as the media will have you believe, but pictures of demonstrators continuing to hold their ground after being ﬁred on is very signiﬁcant. A Revolution’s Key Event This leads to the key event in the revolution. The revolutionaries cannot defeat armed men. But if those armed men, in whole or part, come over to the revolutionary side, victory is possible. And this is the key event. In Bahrain, the troops ﬁred on demonstrators and killed some. The demonstrators dis-
look for is thus the police joining with the demonstrators. This happened widely in 1989 but hardly at all in 1968. It happened occasionally in 1848, but the balance was always on the side of the state. Hence, that revolution failed. It is this act, the military and police coming over to the side of the demonstrators, that makes or breaks a revolution. Therefore, to return to the earlier theme, the most important question on the role of radical Islamists is not their presence in the crowd, but their penetration of the military and police. If there were a conspiracy, it would focus on joining the military, waiting for demonstrations and then striking. Those who argue that these risings have nothing to do with radical Islam may be correct in the sense that the demonstrators in the streets may well be students enamored with democracy. But they miss the point that the stu-
Those who argue that these risings have nothing to do with radical Islam may be correct in the sense that the demonstrators in the streets may well be students enamored with democracy.
A resident lies in an open grave and makes the victory sign to show his willingness to die next to freshly-dug graves for recent victims at a park in the main square in Zawiya, 50 km west of Tripoli Feb 27, 2011. —AFP city, they are symbolic events. There have been many demonstrations in the Muslim world that have led nowhere; consider Iran. It is interesting here to note that the young frequently dominate revolutions like 1848, 1969 and 1989 at ﬁrst. This is normal. Adults with families and maturity rarely go out on the streets to face guns and tanks. It takes young people to have the courage or lack of judgment to risk their lives in what might be a hopeless cause. However, to succeed, it is vital that at some point other classes of society join them. In Iran, one of the key moments of the 1979 revolution was when the shopkeepers joined young people in the street. A revolution only of the young, as we saw in 1968 for example, rarely succeeds. A revolution requires a broader base than that, and it must go beyond
persed and then were allowed to demonstrate - with memories of the gunﬁre fresh. This was a revolution contained. In Egypt, the military and police opposed each other and the military sided with the demonstrators, for complex reasons obviously. Personnel change, if not regime change, was inevitable. In Libya, the military has split wide open. When that happens, you have reached a branch in the road. If the split in the military is roughly equal and deep, this could lead to civil war. Indeed, one way for a revolution to succeed is to proceed to civil war, turning the demonstrators into an army, so to speak. That’s what Mao did in China. Far more common is for the military to split. If the split creates an overwhelming anti-regime force, this leads to the revolution’s success. Always, the point to
dents, by themselves, can’t win. They can only win if the regime wants them to, as in Egypt, or if other classes and at least some of the police or military people armed with guns who know how to use them - join them. Therefore, looking at the students on TV tells you little. Watching the soldiers tells you much more. The problem with revolutions is that the people who start them rarely ﬁnish them. The idealist democrats around Alexander Kerensky in Russia were not the ones who ﬁnished the revolution. The thuggish Bolsheviks did. In these Muslim countries, the focus on the young demonstrators misses the point just as it did in Tiananmen Square. It wasn’t the demonstrators that mattered, but the soldiers. If they carried out orders, there would be no revolution. I don’t know the degree of Islamist
penetration of the military in Libya, to pick one example of the unrest. I suspect that tribalism is far more important than theology. In Egypt, I suspect the regime has saved itself by buying time. Bahrain was more about Iranian inﬂuence on the Shiite population than Sunni jihadists at work. But just as the Iranians are trying to latch on to the process, so will the Sunni jihadists. The Danger of Chaos I suspect some regimes will fall, mostly reducing the country in question to chaos. The problem, as we are seeing in Tunisia, is that frequently there is no one on the revolutionaries’ side equipped to take power. The Bolsheviks had an organized party. In these revolutions, the parties are trying to organize themselves during the revolution, which is another way to say that the revolutionaries are in no position to govern. The danger is not radical Islam, but chaos, followed either by civil war, the military taking control simply to stabilize the situation or the emergence of a radical Islamic party to take control simply because they are the only ones in the crowd with a plan and an organization. That’s how minorities take control of revolutions. All of this is speculation. What we do know is that this is not the ﬁrst wave of revolution in the world, and most waves fail, with their eﬀects seen decades later in new regimes and political cultures. Only in the case of Eastern Europe do we see broad revolutionary success, but that was against an empire in collapse, so few lessons can be drawn from that for the Muslim world. In the meantime, as you watch the region, remember not to watch the demonstrators. Watch the men with the guns. If they stand their ground for the state, the demonstrators have failed. If some come over, there is some chance of victory. And if victory comes, and democracy is declared, do not assume that what follows will in any way please the West - democracy and pro-Western political culture do not mean the same thing. The situation remains ﬂuid, and there are no broad certainties. It is a country-by-country matter now, with most regimes managing to stay in power to this point. There are three possibilities. One is that this is like 1848, a broad rising that will fail for lack of organization and coherence, but that will resonate for decades. The second is 1968, a revolution that overthrew no regime even temporarily and left some cultural remnants of minimal historical importance. The third is 1989, a revolution that overthrew the political order in an entire region, and created a new order in its place. If I were to guess at this point, I would guess that we are facing 1848. The Muslim world will not experience massive regime change as in 1989, but neither will the eﬀects be as ephemeral as 1968. Like 1848, this revolution will fail to transform the Muslim world or even just the Arab world. But it will plant seeds that will germinate in the coming decades. I think those seeds will be democratic, but not necessarily liberal. In other words, the democracies that eventually arise will produce regimes that will take their bearings from their own culture, which means Islam. The West celebrates democracy. It should be careful what it hopes for: It might get it. —Stratfor
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C a re e r s
FRIDAY, MARCH 5, 2011
No child’s play
If you love kids, this would be an ideal job
hild care workers nurture, teach, and care for children who have not yet entered kindergarten. They also supervise older children before and after school. These workers play an important role in children’s development by caring for them when their parents are at work or are away for other reasons or when the parents place their children in care to help them socialize with children their age. In addition to attending to children’s health, safety, and nutrition, child care workers organize activities and implement curricula that stimulate children’s physical, emotional, intellectual, and social growth. They help children explore individual interests, develop talents and independence, build selfesteem, learn how to get along with others, and prepare for more formal schooling. Child care workers teach and care for children while their parents are away. They make sure children are safe. They might also help them play games, do art, and read books. Child care workers need to be energetic, fun, and patient. They help kids gain new skills and learn how to get along with others. Many child care workers are babysitters. They bathe, dress, and feed children; watch them while they play; and clean up after them. They might put kids to bed, read to them, and take them to activities. People who are in charge of babies make bottles and change diapers. Nannies are babysitters who care for children for a long time. They might watch children all day, and they might work with the same family for years. Nannies often clean, cook, and do laundry, too. Some nannies travel to work, while others live with the children they watch. Child care workers in schools and day care centers take care of groups of children. They greet young children as they arrive and help them ﬁnd something fun to do. Child care workers plan daily activities before the children come. Each day usually includes playing, reading, arts and crafts, and rest time. Child care workers also make snacks and nutritious meals. They make sure children are healthy and clean. To help children learn, these workers play educational games. To teach language, they might tell stories, read books, or help kids act out stories. To teach math, they might help kids count blocks or cut out shapes. To teach science, they might mix colors when painting. They might also teach music and dance. Some workers care for older children before and after school. These workers might help with homework, lead sports and other activities, and keep everyone safe. They might take children on ﬁeld trips. Some workers also bring kids to and from school. Child care workers spend most of their day with children. But they also meet with parents or guardians to talk about how their child is doing. Child care workers also write notes about what children do. It’s important for child care workers to look for problems children may have and to tell their parents or guardians. Watching children grow and learn can be fun. But the job also can be hard because workers have to run, clean, play
outside, and lift up children. It can also be hard to have patience. Workers need to care for children who have diﬀerent needs and are sometimes upset. They should also be cheerful, always aware of what the kids are doing, and have a lot of energy. The work hours of child care workers vary widely. Workers can decide to work in early morning or late evening. They can work full time or part time. Child care centers are open year round. Nannies who live with the children they watch usually work longer hours. How do you get ready? Most child care workers can get jobs right after graduating from high school. However, workers in day care centers and schools usually need to get a license from the State where they work. Some States make sure child care workers know about safety, and some make sure workers take college classes. After getting a job, child care workers learn by watching experienced people. Many workers also take classes where they work. Having a child care certiﬁcate or college classes makes it easier to get jobs. In school, they study early childhood education. They learn health and nutrition and study how children learn and grow. It also helps to learn about music, art, drama, and storytelling. Child care workers with their own businesses also need to learn how to manage people and money. After getting work experience, some child care workers can become supervisors or start their own day care centers. Some become preschool teachers in public and private schools. To get these jobs, people often need a bachelor’s degree, which usually takes 4 years of college. How much does this job pay? The average yearly wages of child care workers were $20,350 in May 2008. People who worked in elementary and high schools made more than those in day care centers. People with certiﬁcates or college degrees often make more money than other people. How many jobs are there? There were about 1.3 million child care workers in 2008. Many worked in day care centers, and many others were babysitters or nannies who worked in people’s houses. About 1 out of 3 was self-employed. What about the future? There will be lots of jobs for child care workers, especially for people who have training or experience. Jobs for child care workers are projected to grow about as fast as the average for all occupations between 2008 and 2018. That’s because there will be more parents who work and more children to watch. The number of jobs for child care workers depends somewhat on the number of government child care centers and on government programs that help people pay for child care www.jobguide.com
What are ‘special needs’? “Special Needs” is an umbrella underneath which a staggering array of diagnoses can be wedged. Children with special needs may have mild learning disabilities or profound mental retardation; food allergies or terminal illness; developmental delays that catch up quickly or remain entrenched; occasional panic attacks or serious psychiatric problems. The designation is useful for getting needed services, setting appropriate goals, and gaining understanding for a child and stressed family. Minuses and pluses: “Special needs” are commonly deﬁned by what a child can’t do-by milestones unmet, foods banned, activities avoided, experiences denied. These minuses hit families hard, and may make “special needs” seem like a tragic designation. Some parents will always mourn their child’s lost potential, and many conditions become more troubling with time. Other families may ﬁnd that their child’s challenges make triumphs sweeter, and that weaknesses are often accompanied by amazing strengths. Different concerns: Pick any two families of children with special needs, and they may seem to have little in common. A family dealing with developmental delays will have different concerns than one dealing with chronic illness, which will have diﬀerent
concerns than one dealing with mental illness or learning problems or behavioral challenges. This Parenting Special Needs site devotes sections to the following speciﬁc issues: medical, behavioral, developmental, learning, and mental health. Medical issues: Medical issues for children include serious conditions like cancer and heart defects, muscular dystrophy and cystic ﬁbrosis; chronic conditions like asthma and diabetes; congenital conditions like cerebral palsy and dwarﬁsm; and health threats like food allergies and obesity. Children with medical issues may require numerous tests, long hospital stays, expensive equipment, and accommodations for disabilities. Their families have to deal with frequent crises, uncertainty, and worry. Behavior issues: Children with behavior issues don’t respond to traditional discipline. With diagnoses like ADHD, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Dysfunction of Sensory Integration, and Tourette Syndrome, they require specialized strategies that are tailored to their specific abilities and disabilities. If those strategies are not developed and used, kids with behavior issues throw their families into chaos and are seriously at risk for school problems. Their parents need to be ﬂexible and creative.
FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011 www.kuwaittimes.net
A model shows a creation, part of German designer Damir Dona Fall-Winter ready-to-wear 2012, fashion collection, presented in Paris, Wednesday, March 2, 2011. — AP
• Thai favorites made at home • How to pick your perfect hair color
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
The benefits of Pilates R
Just what can Pilates exercises do for you?
unner or golfer, tennis player or new mom, chances are you’ve heard someone talking about the benefits of Pilates. Many types of people, at many levels of fitness, who have begun doing Pilates exercises say they’ve seen improvements in range of motion, flexibility, circulation, posture, and abdominal strength — and decreases in back, neck and joint pain. Forty years after his death, the system of exercises developed by Joseph Pilates has never been in such demand. But can the benefits of Pilates (puhLAH-teez), the system of strengthening and stretching exercises designed to develop the body’s core, mobilize the spine and build flexibility, really be that far-reaching? Pilates Benefit No. 1: Body Awareness Celebrity Pilates teacher Siri Dharma Galliano says Pilates — when performed correctly and with the proper supervision — can do all that and more. “It is an education in body awareness,” says Galliano, who owns Live Art Pilates studio in Los Angeles. “It changes your shape by educating you in daily life. When you’re cooking, brushing your teeth — the lessons are coming home to pull your stomach in and pull your shoulders down. There is an attention required (in doing the exercises) that changes your awareness” even after class. “It teaches you how to train your mind and build symmetry and coordination in the body,” adds Galliano. “And when you can get control of the little things, that’s practicing willpower.” Aliesa George, a Pilates teacher in Wichita, Kan., agrees. “The biggest benefit in my eyes would be personal awareness — awareness of how you sit or how you stand or how you move and being able to relate those habits to the aches and pains and injuries you have or have had in the past,” she says. For example, she says, it can help make you aware of that chronic tweak in the neck you get from sitting at the computer all day with rounded shoulders and a phone cradled between ear and shoulder. As a Pilates-trained physical therapist, Dan Westerhold says he sees a lot of clients with injuries or weakness of the postural muscles, as a result of work, lifestyle, or not exercising the right way. “People sit slouched at computers all day, then go to the gym and work their extremities,” says Westerhold, of Pilates Seattle. “They don’t use their core.” Think of a tree, Pilates experts say. Does it have all its strength in its limbs? No. The tree is only as strong as its trunk and roots. Without a strong trunk, the tree would topple over. It’s the same for human bodies, say Pilates experts. If we don’t concentrate on building a good foundation and a strong trunk or core, we’ll end up tight in some places and weak in others, injury-prone and susceptible to the pitfalls of our occupation or chosen form of exercise. But how about flattening the abs? Can Pilates exercises really give you a washboard stomach? Experts warn that it’s important not to equate a stronger core with a flatter stomach. “When people want ‘flat abs,’ they are usually looking for weight loss, not abdominal strength and core support,” says George. “More than touting the benefits of Pilates for flat abs, we should be touting the benefits of
Pilates for a stronger, healthy back and body. If along the way, you do the other components of fitness and trim the body down, yes, you’re going to have a flatter midsection.” As you develop body awareness, stand straighter, and gain flexibility, “Pilates will shift your shape,” says Galliano. “But just attending a group mat class may or may not change your body.” Kevin Bowen, co-founder of the Pilates Method Alliance and director of
of your body, it gives you a great degree of satisfaction.” There’s an intrinsic relevance to it, says Little Rock, Ark., internist Hoyte Pyle, MD, who has been practicing Pilates for five years. Instead of working major muscle groups in isolation, he says, “Pilates works the whole body in synergy,” which is how we should be moving on a daily basis. The Roots of Pilates Exercises
these crude devices that he developed the equipment still used today, including the reformer, Cadillac, Wunda chair, ladder barrel, and spine corrector. Pilates emigrated to the U.S. in 1926, teaching his method first to boxers and later ballet dancers, until the rest of the world caught on. Pilates himself rarely worked with groups. Most of his work was done one on one, so each person’s exercises were tailored to meet his or her needs. But he used both mat exercises and equipment with his clients. “Pilates was developed as a system,” says George. “People will get the best benefits if they utilize it as a system, doing exercises on the mat and the equipment.” “The equipment can offer more variety of movement,” adds Bowen, “but it’s important to have experience in the mat work as well. It’s portable, for one thing.” For someone who has limitations, equipment is a great place to begin, says Galliano. “The equipment was really designed to help people do the mat work. It supports them while they do the action,” she says, which is something they can’t get in a mat class. Bottom line? If you can afford it, teachers recommend doing both mat classes and work on the equipment. Fusions of Pilates It seems like everywhere you look, familiar exercise disciplines are taking on a new life with a Pilates twist. There are fusions of Pilates with everything from yoga and swimming to ballroom dancing and boxing. “Right now, Pilates is sort of a nice, hot word,” says George. “Everybody wants to fuse Pilates with everything because it’s going to help sell it.” George’s perspective? “Any movement or exercise that’s done well should be beneficial to the body,” she says, “but it doesn’t necessarily mean you’re doing Pilates.”
special projects, says it is important that abdominals are flexible, not just hard. “A flexible muscle is a strong muscle,” says Bowen. “A hard muscle may feel good and give an interesting look, but if you don’t have the flexibility and the balance and the functionality that you need to allow your body to function properly, sooner or later, it‘s going to show up someplace else.” Pilates Benefit No. 3: Body Control Galliano, who has sculpted the bodies of Madonna, Cameron Diaz, Sting, Carrie-Anne Moss, and Uma Thurman, says Pilates works because it teaches you how to move. “Unless you are taught how to move and discover with your teacher what is blocking you (for example, keeping your shoulders up too high), you will never achieve body symmetry,” Galliano says. “When you start getting control
The discipline was created by German-born Joseph H. Pilates a century ago. A sickly child plagued with asthma and rickets, he grew up to be obsessed about the perfect body. He sought a discipline to combine the physique of the ancient Greeks with the meditative strength of the East. The result was a system of exercises he called “contrology,” requiring intense concentration and centered on a strong abdomen, deep stretching, and focused breathing. It worked for him. Joseph Pilates became a boxer, diver, skier, gymnast, yoga devotee — and an incredible physical testament to his method. Pilates taught his method to wounded English soldiers during World War I, using springs he removed from their hospital beds to assist them as he developed techniques to increase their range of motion. It was from
Pilates Is Not for Everyone Some 50% of adults experience back pain at some time in their lives. At any given time, 25% of adults have acute or chronic back pain, says Jupiter, Fla., physical therapist Michael L. Reed, DPT.Pilates and other exercises that focus on the stability of the muscles that support the spine might seem like a perfect fit. But not all pain is the same, cautions Reed. Without a diagnosis for your back pain from a physician or health care professional, Pilates could do more harm than good, he says. “You can’t go to a non-medical practitioner that teaches Pilates and think that will resolve your back pain,” says Reed. “That’s the mistake people make.” That’s not necessarily to say that Pilates won’t help, says Reed, who uses Pilates in his rehabilitation studio. Movement training is a sensible way to manage pain, and nonweight-bearing exercises like Pilates can be done even by those struggling with pain, he says. However, he warns, “it’s advantageous to have a better idea what may be generating their symptoms first.” As any well-trained Pilates teacher will attest, without a proper diagnosis for the pain, even the best instructor cannot design a safe and effective exercise program.—WebMD
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
The facts on antioxidants There is now good evidence from research that the antioxidant compounds we obtain from eating five to seven serves a day of fruit and vegetables can help protect us from heart disease and certain cancers
ntioxidants in foods are important for our health and eating ﬁve to seven serves each day of fresh fruit and vegetables has been show to help protect against heart disease, cancers and other diseases. Antioxidants There is now good evidence from research that the antioxidant compounds we obtain from eating ﬁve to seven serves a day of fruit and vegetables can help protect us from heart disease and certain cancers. What are antioxidants? Antioxidants are naturally occurring chemicals in foods that help to counter the detrimental eﬀects of oxygen free radicals, which form during normal metabolism and through external factors such as x-rays, ultra-violet radiation and pollution. Oxygen free radicals have been implicated in the development of several diseases including cancer and heart disease, highlighting the need to consider antioxidant levels as part of preventative medicine. Where will I find antioxidants? Most of the antioxidants we consume come from plants. They include vitamins A, C and E, carotenoids such as beta-carotene, some minerals, phenolic compounds and other naturally occurring chemicals with antioxidant properties. For example, the best sources of Vitamin
Fast facts •We should be eating 5-7 serves of fruit and vegetables each day •Antioxidants include Vitamins A, C and E, carotenoids and phenolics •Antioxidants provide protection against heart disease and some cancers •Eating a large range of fresh fruit and vegetables is the best source of antioxidants.
E are vegetable oils, cereals - particularly in the germ of whole grains, nuts and seeds. Tea is a rich source of antioxidants called ﬂavonoids, and wine contains beneﬁcial phenolic compounds. It is also possible to purchase a range of antioxidant vitamin supplement tablets. What are the benefits of antioxidants? Recent research shows the risk of cancer and heart disease is considerably lower in people who consume 5-7 serves of antioxidant-rich fruit and vegetables.
This is supported by extensive studies which indicate that diets high in antioxidant rich foods, such as fruit and vegetables, oﬀer signiﬁcant protection against other age-related degenerative diseases. What more do we need to know? More research is needed to substantiate this further, and to establish the importance of non-nutrient antioxidants in the diet. At present it appears that the wide mix of antioxidants obtained from whole plant foods work more eﬀectively in the
body that single supplements with pure antioxidants in tablet form although these may be of value in some circumstances. Current research is evaluating the importance of lesser known antioxidants in plant foods as anti-cancer agents. Levels of intake of the known nutrient antioxidants needed to protect cells against naturally occurring and induced damage to genes, and the associated risks of cancer, also need to be established. (www.csiro.au)
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
War of the tablet kings Will Apple find publishing execs ‘technologically innocent’?
ewspaper and magazine publishers are mulling over the price that Apple requires to be part of The iPad and App Store. While there’s no shortage of people criticizing Apple’s new App Store subscription service, some executives at major media companies are still unsure what to think. Some said Apple’s plan to allow app publishers to sell subscriptions for the ﬁrst time through the iTunes App Store was a step in the right direction. Others saw many of Apple’s new requirements for app sales, which include a guarantee that publishers oﬀer their best subscription price at the App Store, as the newest way for the company to grab more control of online media. One possible reason for why reaction was so mixed was that Apple didn’t prepare the media world for what it intended to oﬀer. Apple was expected to roll out a subscription service, sure, but the company doesn’t appear to have sought any early feedback from some of the nation’s top media companies. An executive at a top newspaper said leaders there were huddling in the afternoon to try to understand the signiﬁcance of Apple’s announcement. A manager at a media conglomerate said most companies would have tested reaction by running the plan past top publishers before going public. Not Apple. In a Rolling Stones interview, Steve Jobs called music industry leaders ‘technologically innocent.’ How will he ﬁnd magazine and newspaper execs? The magazine and newspaper sectors are among the most aﬀected by today’s announcement. Since the iPad went on sale last spring, Apple has mostly limited their app sales to individual issues. But they aren’t the only industries that must ﬁgure out whether the iPad and the App Store are now a viable option. Companies such as Netﬂix, the Web’s top movie-rental service, and Spotify, a popular European streaming music trying to make the jump to the United States, could be forced to start paying Apple 30 percent of the subscription fees they see from the App store, although that sounds diﬃcult to believe in Netﬂix’s case. Netﬂix’s distribution network now includes more than 200 devices and the company boasts more than 20 million paying subscribers. The iPad and the tablet market, on the other hand, are still early in their development and soon a glut of iPad competitors will debut. Netﬂix could conceivably swat
The deal Here are a couple of questions: if Apple execs didn’t run the new
sites or elsewhere and Apple won’t expect a cent. But if Apple became more ﬂexible in some areas, it didn’t budge nearly enough on other important issues, such as the sharing of customer information, say observers. In prior talks, Apple refused to hand over customer data, such as names and e-mail addresses, to publishers. Now the company says it will share info with publishers only if a subscriber permits it. That is unlikely to
Tablet kings Some newspaper publishers suspect Apple is trying to lock them into the App Store and is “setting itself up as a toll taker,” according to Joshua Benton, director of Harvard’s Nieman Journalism Lab who formerly worked for the Dallas Morning News. “It’s disappointing to learn that in exchange for the convenience of a ‘Buy’ button in their iPad app,” Benton wrote, “(publishers will) have to give up 30
market, but the company is also taking a big risk. Magazine and newspaper publishers won’t like much of what Apple proposes, but it goes further than that. There’s plenty of distrust of Apple in many media circles. Nobody talks about Apple making a foray into a new area without bringing up the music industry. After Apple all but took ownership of the music sector’s digital distribution, the company began dictating terms on pricing,
requirements past big media companies, can Apple be sure how they will respond? What if Apple succeeds only in pushing them into the arms of Amazon or another competitor? At ﬁrst glance, Apple appears to have yielded ground to magazine and newspaper companies. The Cupertino, Calif.-based Apple said publishers now have the ability to sell subscriptions through the App Store, which they didn’t have before. Where Apple once took 30 percent from every app sale, the company now says publishers can sell their iTunes apps on their own
go far enough to appease some publishing companies, experts said. In other ways, Apple became even more restrictive. The company will no longer allow apps to include links to other app-selling sites and established a most-favored nation stipulation. Publishers that sell their iTunes apps from their own sites or third-party Web stores must oﬀer the same price, or less, at iTunes. Web pundits howled over this one. Some suggested Apple is trying to ﬁx prices, and even The Wall Street Journal speculated that the company could be inviting antitrust scrutiny.
percent of the revenue.” Benton also noted that Apple’s oﬀer to allow newspapers and magazines to keep the revenue generated from outside sales won’t mean much. Newspapers already enjoy a relationship with older audiences so converting them isn’t a necessity. The iPad is supposed to help draw younger audiences, and they are likely to discover a new digital publication, not from picking up a newspaper ad but from ﬁnding it on the iTunes store. When they do, the newspapers must hand over 30 percent to Apple. No doubt Apple and the iPad are the kings of the tablet
promotion and practically anything else that mattered. The top record companies have been looking for an iTunes challenger to loosen Apple’s grip for 10 years. Back when iTunes ﬁrst launched, Apple CEO Steve Jobs was dealing with music industry executives who didn’t have a lot of tech savvy. He once called them “technologically innocent.” The question now is, as magazine and newspaper publishers try to navigate the new tablet world that Apple helped to forge, are they just as “innocent”?
Apple’s demands away by announcing that anyone signing up for Netﬂix via the App Store would be forced to pay 30 percent more— thanks to Apple. So, which company needs the other more? Spokesmen for Netﬂix and Spotify didn’t respond to interview requests.
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
A 24/7 job means little time for romance BlackBerrys and iPhones now play ‘the other woman’
fter more than 12 hours at the oﬃce, Fred Karlinsky has arrived home to share the details of his day with his wife, Autumn. But just as she sets the roasted chicken on the dinner table, Fred’s BlackBerry pings, announcing the arrival of a new e-mail. A quick glance down and Fred’s back in work mode, shooting oﬀ a response. “Remember,” Autumn pipes up: “Your BlackBerry is NOT invited to dinner.” By now, Autumn is realistic enough to know it may take a second reminder - and possibly even a third nudge a few hours later when she and her husband ﬁnally have some alone time. “Fred says he can’t avoid working evenings, sometimes even in the middle of the night - as head of Colodny, Fass, Talenfeld, Karlinsky & Abate’s insurance regulatory practice, he communicates with clients and lawyers in time zones around the world. “I’m on 24/7. I know my wife gets annoyed, but I owe it to clients to respond when they need an answer.” Marriage in today’s 24/7 world is challenging, particularly when technology has caused more of us to straddle the line between hard worker and workaholic. Marriage therapists report an increasing number of complaints about a spouse, male or female, whose body may be right there but whose mind is oﬀ in cyberspace. Some say the best way to get their spouse’s attention is to send a text - from the next room. Others say the iPhone glare has replaced candlelight as the backdrop for bedroom romance. Rhonda Ricardo, author of “Cherries Over Quicksand,” which oﬀers insight on what sinks relationships, said more spouses today feel lonely. One spouse may view time together in the car or waiting for a table in a restaurant as down time, an opportunity to clear e-mail. The partner views it as time they could have been talking and connecting. “One woman told me every time her husband picked up his phone when he was with her it was like a stab in the heart.” Joel Block, a relationship expert with Candobetter.com, worries intimacy is being lost. “When you get married, you are volunteering for something that has a one-in-four chance of surviving,” Block says. “If want to stay together and be connected, you have to make time for intimacy and set boundaries.” Clearly, romance in the digital age takes a diﬀerent approach. Block advises couples to work on being intimate in short blocks of time. “If you are putting on your socks in the morning, say something about the day ahead, but speak from the heart about your worries or hopes,” he says. “Get more eﬃcient at being intimate.” Hollis Freimark has her own thoughts on what makes a marriage work. Hollis has been married for 32 years to Jeﬀrey Freimark, who by his own description is a longtime workaholic. He currently is CEO of one of South Florida’s largest healthcare organizations, Miami Jewish Health Systems. Hollis has relocated with Jeﬀrey 10 times for his career, supported him at hundreds of business events and become used to going to bed while he’s still toiling away on his computer. This December, while on vacation with the family in South Africa, Jeﬀrey ducked behind a bush to take a work call while waiting for a safari to begin. But Hollis says she doesn’t mind his work addiction. “I
Fred Karlinsky, 43 (left) is a workaholic and constantly on his PDA, BlackBerry, or both as he and his wife Autumn Karlinsky illustrate at their Weston, Florida home. —MCT
Fred Karlinsky, 43 (right) is pictured as his wife Autumn Karlinsky and children Spencer, 4 (left) and Allie, 7, look on. —MCT don’t even notice anymore, I’m so used to it,” she says. “I think what’s worked is that I’m my own person. I do things by myself if necessary or I get involved in what he’s doing. If I need his full attention, I tell him and he listens.” Autumn Karlinsky, a mother of two young children, says she, too, supports her husband’s eﬀorts to stay at the top of his game. “It has aﬀorded me the ability not to have to work right now.” The tradeoﬀ, she says, is that he brings work home. When she wants one-on-one time with him, she schedules it. And, she embraces his BlackBerry addiction to communicate with him. “We send e-mail back and forth all day.”
Block suggests that as the work-addicted spouse, treat your partner like your boss, turn away from your screen and make eye contact. To communicate your needs as the spouse who wants attention, he says, don’t nag. “Make a plan to spend time together. That’s much better than the blame message.” The dynamics can be doubly diﬃcult in a relationship where both professional spouses carry mobile devices that keep them on call, even when they aren’t. Jochen Reiser and Melissa J Tracy are both doctors and on the faculty at University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. Like the Karlinskys, Tracy says she and her husband use their mobile
devices to make dates, such as going for a run together, grabbing coﬀee or having lunch in each other’s oﬃces. But they set clear rules at home, and reinforce them. At dinner, no phones allowed. And after the kids are in bed, communicate with each other ﬁrst, then retreat to answer e-mail. “We can get completely lost in work and forget our surroundings unless we make a conscious eﬀort to talk to each other.” Block says the bottom line in the digital age: You can’t expect a good marriage if you don’t focus on your relationship long enough to get past the small talk. “You need more substance, more intimacy if you want to stay together.” —MCT
Food FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
By Sawsan Kazak
ho doesn’t love a hot bowl of Tom Yum soup or a spicy plate of Pad Thai? But you don’t always have to rush to your local Thai restaurant to enjoy these traditional dishes. Having a few key Asian ingredients at home will allow you to recreate your favorite dishes at home and even add your signature touch. Try the following recipes at home at bring out the Thai chef in you. What do you think? email@example.com
● 8-12 ●1
skinless chicken thighs, cut into thin strips package wooden skewers
MARINADE: cup minced lemongrass , fresh or frozen ● 2 shallots OR 1 small onion, sliced ● 3 cloves garlic ● 1-2 fresh red chilies, sliced ● 1 thumb-size piece galangal OR ginger, thinly sliced ● 1 tsp minced fresh turmeric OR 1/2 tsp. dried turmeric ● 2 Tbsp ground coriander ● 2 tsp cumin ● 3 Tbsp dark soy sauce (available at Asian food stores) ● 4 Tbsp ﬁsh sauce ● 5-6 Tbsp brown sugar ● 2 Tbsp vegetable oil ● 1/4
If using wooden skewers, soak them in water while you
prepare the meat (to prevent burning). The kitchen sink works well for this. Cut chicken into thin strips and place in a bowl. Place all marinade ingredients in a food processor or chopper. Process well. Taste-test the marinade - you will taste sweet, spicy, and salty. The strongest tastes should be SWEET and SALTY in order for the ﬁnished satay to taste its best. Add more sugar or more ﬁsh sauce (in place of salt) to adjust the taste. You can also add more chili if you want it spicier. Pour the marinade over the meat and stir well to combine. Allow at least 1 hour for marinating, or longer (up to 24 hours). When ready to cook, thread meat onto the skewers. Grill the satay on your BBQ, OR on an indoor grill, basting the ﬁrst time you time it with a little of the leftover marinade from the bottom of the bowl. OR you can broil in the oven on a broiling pan or baking sheet with the oven set to “broil” Place satay close beneath the heating element and turn the meat every 5 minutes until cooked. Depending on how thin your meat is, the satay should cook in 10 to 20 minutes.
Food FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
1/2 cup raw sticky rice 1/2 cup coconut milk ( 1/4 teaspoon salt1 1/3 tablespoons white sugar 1/4 teaspoon toasted sesame seeds 1 sweet, ripe yellow mango
Fried noodles with shrimp Sauce 1/4 cup palm sugar 1/4 cup ﬁsh sauce 1 tablespoon tamarind concentrate 1/4 cup Sriracha sauce 1 egg lightly beaten 3/4 cup (or more) fresh shrimp, uncooked 1 tablespoon sliced shallot 1 tablespoon chopped salted radish 1/4 cup diced ﬁrm tofu 1 handful rice stick noodle 1/4 cup plus 2 tablespoons water 1 cup fresh bean sprouts 1/4 cup fresh chives, cut into one inch long pieces 1 tablespoon sugar 2 tablespoons chopped roasted peanut vegetable oil for frying Sauce: Put tamarind concentrate into a measuring cup, and add enough water to make 1/4 cup, stir, this is your tamarind juice. In a small sauce pan, put palm sugar, ﬁsh sauce, tamarind juice, and sriracha sauce. Cook on low heat until the palm sugar dissolves, then increase heat. Let it start to boil, then quickly remove from heat, and set aside. You can make this Pad Thai sauce ahead and put in a jar in the fridge up to a week. Rinse the radish several times under cold water, gently squeezing oﬀ the water. Chop it and add a little bit of sugar to sweeten, mix well. Pad Thai Soak the rice stick noodle in warm water for about 15 minutes, leave in water until you are ready to use. Heat 1 tablespoon of oil in a wok at medium-high heat. Add egg and cook it quickly, scrambling into small pieces (see video below). Remove, set aside. Add 2 tablespoons of oil in the same wok. Add shrimps and cook until done. Transfer to a bowl, set aside. Add 1 tablespoon of oil to the wok. Add shallot, radish and tofu fry until aromatic. Increase the heat of your wok. Add a handful of soaked noodles followed with water. Stir-fry this mixture for about 5-6 minutes. The noodles will start to get soft. Add 1/4 cup of Pad Thai Sauce and mix well. Add sugar, cooked egg, bean sprout, chive and cooked shrimps. Stir well for another 1-2 minutes until everything blends together. Turn oﬀ heat, transfer to serving plate with sliced fresh lime, roasted peanuts, and more bean sprout on the side.
Soak the sticky rice for at least an hour before steaming. Steam for 20 minutes on medium-high in a sticky rice steamer. If you donít have a sticky rice steamer, you can try steaming in a bowl in a covered saucepan with an inch of water at the bottom of the pan. You could also try using a regular steamer, but cover the holes with cheese cloth or muslin cloth so that the rice doesnít fall through. While steaming, prepare the sauce for the rice. Add the 1/2 cup of coconut milk to a saucepan along with the 1 1/3 tablespoons sugar & 1/4 teaspoon salt, and stir over low heat until dissolved. Set aside. Prepare the topping sauce as well. In another small saucepan, add the 1/4 cup coconut milk, 1 1/2 teaspoons sugar, and 1/8 teaspoon salt, and stir over low heat until dissolved. Mix the tapioca starch with a little bit of water in a small bowl until a paste, then add as well. Mixing the starch beforehand will prevent any lumps from forming in the sauce. Stir until thickened, and remove from heat. When the rice is ﬁnished, spread out in a shallow bowl and cover with 1/2 the thin sauce (the sauce you made ﬁrst). Stir well and keep adding more until you reach saturation point. Depending on the rice used, it should be around 75% of the sauce. You may need to use it all. You donít want very wet rice, it should be somewhat dry and sticky. Donít add until itís submerged, but keep in mind that the rice will absorb some of the liquid. I usually add until just before I see puddles of coconut milk. Stir well and cover with a towel. Let the rice absorb the coconut milk for 10-15 minutes. Slice mango as shown and arrange on a plate. Spoon an equal amount of sticky rice next to it, and top with a few spoons of the thicker sauce. Garnish with toasted sesame seeds or fried salty mung beans.
Green Papaya Salad 1 1/2 tablespoons palm sugar 3/4 lime 2 cups green papaya, shredded 6 green beans 1 clove garlic 1 1/2 tablespoons fish sauce 1 tablespoon dried shrimp 2 chili peppers 5 cherry tomatoes 2 tablespoons peanuts, toasted Many Asian supermarkets have shredded green papaya and that is what I use. However, if you can only find whole green papaya, the papaya can be peeled and shreded using a regular cheese grater with medium to large sized holes. When you get closer
to the center, you will see the white immature seeds inside. Stop and move onto another part of the papaya. Discard any seeds that got into your bowl. In Thailand, green papaya salad is made using a clay mortar, wooden pestle and a spatula. Smash a clove of garlic first. Then add green beans and halved cherry tomatoes. Pound a few times just to bruise the beans and get the juice out of the
tomatoes. Add chili peppers and crush them just enough to release the hotness, unless you like your salad really hot. Add the green papaya, dried shrimp, toasted peanuts, fish sauce, lime juice and palm sugar. Use the pestle to push the mixture up in the mortar and the spatula to push it down so that the mixture is mixed well. However, if you do not have a big enough mortar you can crush garlic, tomatoes, green beans. Set them aside in a large bowl. Add dried shrimp, fish sauce, lime juice and palm sugar to the bowl. Add green papaya and mix well. Serve with sticky rice and a sliver of cabbage, green beans and Thai basil.
THEY ARE THE 99! 99 Mystical Noor Stones carry all that is left of the wisdom and knowledge of the lost civilization of Baghdad. But the Noor Stones lie scattered across the globe - now little more than a legend. One man has made it his life’s mission to seek out what was lost. His name is Dr. Ramzi Razem and he has searched fruitlessly for the Noor Stones all his life. Now, his luck is about to change - the ﬁrst of the stones have been rediscovered and with them a special type of human who can unlock the gem’s mystical power. Ramzi brings these gem - bearers together to form a new force for good in the world. A force known as ... the 99!
THE STORY SO FAR : Samda, Jabbar, and Widad attempt to send Samda’s pet stegosaur to deal with an escaped Komodo dragon — a large, ﬁerce reptile that’s holed up in a private house in Seville. But the stegosaur refuses to enter the house!
The 99 ® and all related characters ® and © 2011, Teshkeel Media Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Tr a v e l
FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Minarets and martinis
Istanbul straddles Europe and Asia, has a population of 13m and manages to be both lavishly ancient and vibrantly modern. But how do you pin down such a restless, dynamic city?
n the lobby of the cinema in Istanbul’s Nisantasi district, salon-tanned kids stretch out on sofas overlooking the lights of the city, before a blue-lit cocktail bar. It takes me a while to realise that these glamorous teenagers aren’t here to see Public Enemies or Ghosts of Girlfriends Past; they’ve come to the cinema lobby just to make the scene. I’d heard for years that Istanbul, which was one of the European Capitals of Culture for 2010, calls itself “Europe’s coolest city”. It’s certainly one of the most complex - the centre of a country that is 98% Islamic yet increasingly famous for its watermelon martinis. Here is a place whose Blue Mosque has an LCD screen flashing the time in Paris and Tokyo. Turkey’s most cosmopolitan metropolis has more billionaires than any city other than New York, Moscow and London, and when I went to its Istinye Park mall, it was to see Aston Martin DB9s and Bentleys jammed outside a gilded avenue of fortresses labelled “Armani”, “Gucci”, “Vuitton” and “Dior”. To my friends in business, and to many proud Istanbulians, this city is where the Islamic world meets the global order, serving as a bridge - literal and metaphorical between Europe and the outer edges of Asia. But still nothing had prepared me for the flash and glitter of it all.
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Tr a v e l
FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Underground water resevoir
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul We foreigners like to recall that Istanbul is the only city on earth with one shore in Asia and one in Europe. But its real heart, according to its eloquent son, Orhan Pamuk, in his evocative memoir Istanbul: Memories of a City, lies rather in the division between the old (which is usually the local and the Islamic) and the new (generally the western and the secular). The relation between the two is still tense: I had to walk through a security machine just to go to the movies. And Pamuk himself, though Turkey’s most famous modern citizen, was brought to trial in 2005 simply for mentioning his country’s brutal treatment of Armenians in 1915 (the next year, perhaps in response, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature). Istanbul today seems as compressed and vital a model of the larger globe as you could find; one morning, when I awoke just before dawn, I could hear the call to Islamic prayer from every minaret, even as I could faintly make out the sound of hip-hop pounding along the streets. I’ve always been something of a global creature: I was born in England to parents from India and I grew up in California, though I now live in Japan - and for much of my life I’ve sought out global places that are trying to piece together, as I am, disparate cultures and identities, to make a stained-glass whole. Istanbul is most attractive to many for its complex, layered past - its harems and mosques and cemeteries and bazaars; but for me it’s intriguing as an image of the future. It was no surprise, I thought, that President Obama visited the city within three months of taking oﬃce. The minute I arrived in town - my first trip back in more than 20 years - I could feel the contemporary excitement that makes Istanbul one of the hottest destinations around. The narrow, cobblestoned streets around Ortakoy Mosque were so crowded on a Saturday evening, close to midnight, that I could
hardly walk. Little boys were letting oﬀ neon-blue paper dragonflies, like homemade fireworks, and local girls whose tiny skirts and wild blonde tresses suggested Shakira were slipping past black-clad doormen at the Angelique nightspot. A small stall was oﬀering tarot readings and tattoos, and behind it the Bosphorus Bridge was bathed in red hues, then blue, then yellow, so it seemed more a giant Slinky than a thoroughfare between two continents The particular promise and confidence of the city today lies to some extent in the fact that it has been three times the centre of the world; for centuries it has known how to talk and trade with Russia to the north, Iran to the east, Central Asia just behind and Europe all around. Unlike, say, a Dubai or an Abu Dhabi it can be in tune with the future precisely because it has so rich a sense of the past and such seasoned wisdom about the cycles of culture and history. I walked into the spice bazaar one day and found LCD signs in Japanese (though the merchants there were fast-talking in French and Portuguese and Spanish). And the most commonly seen couples in the backpacker area of the old district of Sultanahmet were beaming young Korean women on the arms of leather-jacketed young Turks who’d just won them over. Around them, the handful of restored Ottoman boutique hotels that had greeted me in 1986 now numbered 200. Everywhere there seemed to be a natural savoir faire that reminded me of cities such as Mumbai and Shanghai, able to rise from every setback to put themselves in sync with the moment. Even the 6th-century caverns at the Basilica Cistern are lit now in nightclub colours with “Summertime, and the livin’ is easy” piped incongruously around its Medusa columns Yet for all the racy Italian fashion ads (on the Asian side of town) and for all the salesmen (on the European side) laying down carpets on the streets at 9pm from which to sell toys and electric shavers, the city can seem to the anxious as if it’s on its way to becoming the next trendy, but perennially torn, Beirut. To this day, more than 97% of Turkey is Asian, which makes Istanbul an anomaly as well as a beacon. And a city of 500,000 souls in 1920 now contains up to 25 times that many as people flood in from the Anatolian heartland, perhaps unsure themselves whether the economic opportunities the city oﬀers are worth embracing if they also bring with them secular European values. The newspapers were all talking, when I visited, about a new “hip” mosque in the
Usk¸dar area, said to be the first such building designed by a woman. But it seemed a fair guess that the silent majority across the country, away from the imported surfaces, still saw “hipness” and mosques as pointing in opposite directions. “It’s the most eastern part of the west and the most western part of the east,” a Turkish student said when I asked a class in the smallish city of Isparta (through its American teacher) what they thought of Istanbul. He didn’t add that that could result in collision as much as in collusion. I kept trying to remember how Istanbul might look to a Turk, for whom it is an invigorating model of the future. If foreigners are always drawn to what is “Turkish” about the place, the Turks who pour in from the interior are, for equally good reason, drawn towards everything that seems cuttingedge and international. One of the students I’d questioned told me: “People in Turkey say: ‘The earth of Istanbul is made of gold.’” It certainly can seem that way around the boutiques and cafes of the privileged quarters. After staying across the street from the Blue Mosque in Sultanahmet, I moved one day over to the Bentley Hotel, near Nisantasi, and walked into a minimalist white-and-black lobby with fashion magazines from Sweden laid out on a table. A framed letter next to the front desk expressed the thanks of a cardinal who had stayed here recently while travelling with the Pope. And after checking into a designer room there, I took a taxi down to the Istanbul Modern Art Museum, whose in-your-face canvases shout out that Turkey today refuses to be boxed inside a foreigner’s quaint notions of it. Since the summer day was buoyant and warm, I boarded a cruise ship travelling up the Bosphorus, and as we passed the yali summer houses set along the water, I was forcibly reminded that aﬄuence and style are nothing new here; novelist Gustave Flaubert, visiting in 1850, had said that Istanbul, a century hence, would be the capital of the world. At the Sakip Sabanci Museum, much of fortunate Istanbul was reclining on the museum’s lawns listening to live jazz as men in polo shirts picked nonchalantly at slices of watermelon; the museum’s restaurant had, in 2007, been named by Wallpaper magazine as one of the hottest new eateries on the planet. In the old wooden houses of Arnavutkoy, not far away, trendy couples were dining on terraces filled with bright flowers, as if posing for a vision of what many young Turks in the countryside might see as the good life. —Guardian
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Beyond Clichés A Review of Jean Grant’s The Burning Veil
By Mai Al-Nakib
and, more signiﬁcantly, their strengths. The climax of this story revolves around a ﬁre at a girls’ school, similar to the one that occurred in March 2002 in Mecca where fourteen young girls perished. In the novel, the tragic event unexpectedly triggers an uprising of sorts by the local women and demonstrates how, once fear is set aside, anything becomes possible. Grant’s novel unﬂinchingly probes diﬃcult questions regarding cross-cultural misunderstandings and prejudices. While some of her characters are more sympathetic than others, she does a careful job of revealing the potential humanity in almost everyone. Grant does not downplay the real complications that can exist between people from drastically diﬀerent cultures. Nonetheless, she convincingly illustrates how, with patience and an open mind, such diﬃculties can be worked through. The Burning Veil is a deeply moving, fastpaced, optimistic book and a welcome antidote to the facile and sometimes dangerous representations of this part of the world that currently dominate Western literary ﬁction, non-ﬁction, and mainstream media. The Burning Veil can be purchased through amazon.com. For more about Jean Grant, visit mishmishpress.com.
ften, when you pick up a book of recent ﬁction about the Gulf region by a Western writer, you end up disappointed. Orientalist clichÈs abound and sensationalist depictions of Arab or Muslim extremism have become the norm. Happily, this is not the case with Jean Grant’s debut novel about Saudi Arabia called The Burning Veil. Grant, a Canadian, lived in the Middle East for twenty years, nine of them in Saudi Arabia. It shows. Her understanding of the nuances and complexities of social and political life in this region goes beyond the superﬁcial and, for this reason, her novel will appeal to Arab readers as much as it will to non-Arab readers interested in the Middle East. Sarah Moss, an American physician, is in love with Ibrahim, a Saudi graduate student and her brother’s best friend. Before she can commit to marriage, however, she decides that she must spend time in Saudi Arabia to learn more about his country, his family, and his religion. She applies for a job at a local hospital run by Ibrahim’s father, Mr. Suleiman, is embraced by Ibrahim’s charismatic sister Layla, and faces inevitable conﬂicts with her headstrong future mother-in-law Malika and Ibrahim’s brother Shaheed, a hard-line Islamist. But The Burning Veil is no typical melodrama. It is, perhaps above all, a story about women-their vulnerabilities
*Mai Al-Nakib is a professor of English and Comparative Literature at Kuwait University.
I, the Divine By Rabih Alameddine
amed by her grandfather after the “divine” Sarah Bernhardt, redhaired Sarah Nour El-Din is feisty, rebellious, individualistic - a person determined to make of her life a work of art. In I, the Divine, she tries to tell her story, sometimes casting it as a memoir, sometimes a novel, full
of sly humor and dark realism, always beguilingly incomplete.” What emerges from these exquisite “ﬁrst chapters” is extraordinary - a woman and a life as real as any we have known in literature. Raised in a hybrid family shaped by divorce and remarriage, and by Beirut in wartime, Sarah ﬁnds a fragile peace in self-imposed exile in the United States. Her vibrant spirit has survived violence, her moth-
er’s suicide, her sister’s madness, and the impossibility of escaping her family (including her frighteningly entrepreneurial stepmother, who has hired members of Hezbollah to sabotage her competitors). Her extraordinary dignity is supported by a best friend, a grown-up son, sensual pleasures (occasional sex, frequent bubble baths, the company of cats), and her determination to tell her own story.
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
aised by his mother in a one-room house in the slums of Casablanca, Youssef El Mekki has always had big dreams of living another life in another world. Suddenly his dreams are within reach when he discovers that his fatherwhom he’d been led to believe was deadis very much alive. A wealthy businessman, he seems eager to give his son a new start. Youssef leaves his mother behind to live a life of luxury, until a reversal of fortune sends him back to the streets and his childhood friends. Trapped once again by his class and painfully aware of the limitations of his prospects, he becomes easy prey for a fringe Islamic group. In the spirit of The Inheritance of Loss and The Reluctant Fundamentalist, Laila Lalami’s debut novel looks at the struggle for identity, the need for love and family, and the desperation that grips ordinary lives in a world divided by class, politics, and religion.
gyptian and American lives collide on a college campus in post-9/11 Chicago, and crises of identity abound in the extraordinary second novel from the highly acclaimed author of The Yacoubian Building. This is a story of love, sex, friendship, hatred, and ambition, pulsating and alive with a rich and unforgettable cast of American and Arab characters who are achingly human in their desires and needs. Beautifully rendered, this is an illuminating portrait of America, a complex, often contradictory land in which triumph and failure, opportunity and oppression, small dramas and big dreams coexist. Chicago is a powerfully engrossing novel of culture and individuality from one of the most original voices in contemporary world literature.
By Alaa Al Aswany
By Assia Djeber
n Algerian White, Assia Djebar weaves an epic tapestry out of her intimate connection to a group of Algerian writers and intellectuals whose lives were cut short since the 1956 struggle for independence. They include Mahfoud Boucebi, a psychiatrist; M’Hamed Boukhobza, a sociologist; and Abdelkader Alloula, a dramatist - the beloved friends to whom she dedicates the book - as well as Albert Camus. She records the horrors of her country’s civil wars and untangles the complex political and social issues that led to the long trail of blood. This utterly unique book grows from conversations remembered and imagined, meditations on her fallen literary/intellectual/spiritual peers and predecessors. Yet for Djebar, they cannot be silenced. They continue to tell stories, smile, and endure through her deﬁant pen. This cultural and political history of Algeria’s cross-cultural reality and its ﬁght against colonization is infused with the oral tradition of Djebar’s Berber roots.
Beauty FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Eyebrow shaping Y
ome of the properties of this fruit are: Antitumor, Laxative, and Sedative. It’s perfect for fresh use because of its lovely scent. 1 Peach 4 drops tincture of Benzoin (known to be STRONG sensitizer) 2 oz. coconut or sweet almond oil 1 1/2 oz. orange ﬂower water and 1 or 2 drops orange oil Wash, drain, mash, and then strain the juice from 1 peach through muslin or cheesecloth. Add to it 4 drops of tincture of benzoin, 2 oz. coconut or sweet almond oil, 1 1/2 oz. orange ﬂower water and 1 or 2 drops orange oil. Beat together until it is ﬂuﬀy and pour into a clean 4 oz container. It will keep for a longer period if you store it in the refrigerator. Use the lotion to moisturize your skin whenever it feels dry.
how to make your lips smooth
our eyebrows are one of the most if not the most important feature on your face. It is one of those things that will make your face look more deﬁned. Many women have their eyebrows done by a professional. Many times, it might not be the best choice because only you know what you want and how you want to look. Learning how to shape eyebrows by yourself is the best way for natural eyebrow enhancement that makes you look really good. Best of all, it is not diﬃcult at all and anyone can do it with a little practice. 1. You will need some tools for this job, a pair of nose scissors (I know it sounds weird, but trust me these are the best trimming tool), black eyebrow pencil (soft tip), and a pair of tweezers. These are all you need to shape eyebrows for the best eyebrow enhancement that will ﬁt you best. 2. You have to ﬁnd your own shape; this has to be done by considering your face shape. The right eyebrows shape must compliment your
face shape and hide its ﬂaws. For example, round faces are as wide as it is long making it look wider and bigger. The problem with round faces is it looks very childish. A high arch eyebrow shape is the best for you because it balances your face shape perfectly. Marilyn Monroe has round face and her eyebrows are an example for girls with round faces.
How to Really Shape Eyebrows for The Best Eyebrow Enhancement 3. After you have decided the right shape for your eyebrows, use black eyebrow pencil to draw the shape as a guideline so that you don’t mess up with the scissors and tweezers.
4. Use the tweezers ﬁrst to pluck the unwanted hairs. Hairs that grow outside of the drawn eyebrow shape can be removed completely. It is very important to not pluck any hair that grows inside of the drawn eyebrow shape. Because if you start plucking there, you will soon realize that you have over plucked your eyebrows. Over plucking is the worst enemy for eyebrow enhancement because it will make you look like you have a hole in the eyebrow. If mistakes happen, you will have to use eyebrow pencil for cover up until it grows back. 5. Remember, tweezers are not the only tool for shaping eyebrows. In fact, scissors are a must for the best eyebrow enhancement. Use scissors for shaping and trimming eyebrow hair that grow inside of the shape you drawn. It is important in this case to only trim those hairs. When eyebrow hairs get long, it has a messy appearance. Well trimmed eyebrows make you look well groomed and neat.—eHow
• Throw away cheap, smelly, ﬂavored chapsticks. You will only end up continually tasting them on your lips, which prevents them from working by causing irritation. • Avoid staining lipstick or dark colors. Lighter colors show oﬀ the pretty features of your face much more. • Use Burt’s Beeswax or Carmex chapsticks and lip glosses. They tend to work better than regular chapsticks, and are not much more expensive. • Avoid all junk foods that builds up plaque on your lips, this causes them to dry out more than usual. • Always carry a moisturizing lip balm with you. Stick balms are best. • Use a moisturizing lipstick in the daytime, then at night switch to the lip balm. Sleep with it on, you’ll wake up in the morning with smooth lips. This is extra protection for your lips if your lips are chapped. Those better balms will do the trick in just a few days and your lips will look lighter, plump, softer, supple, and smoother in two days! • Use a plain toothbrush, dip it in some petroleum jelly or Vaseline at home and put it on the toothbrush, like toothpaste, and brush all the dead skin oﬀ your lips. Then they will look healthier and smooth. Sleep with the stuﬀ on your lips and when you wake up the next morning wipe it oﬀ. You’ll have smooth lips. What it does is moisturize your lips while sleeping, wiping away natural oils, and protecting the drying tissues. • Wet your lips with water and then seal very quickly with chapstick.This will help retain the moisture. • If you want to remove dry skin fast and easy, smear sugar, not sweetener, on your lips. It works as an exfoliant. • Instead of using vaseline like a toothpaste, you can put it on through the night. Or you can put vaseline on for a few minutes and scrub with a toothbrush. • Mix a tablespoon of honey with enough sugar until you get a body-scrub like texture. Use a toothbrush to exfoliate your lips with the sugar scrub. —Wikihow
Beauty FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
How to pick your perfect hair color Tips only your stylist knows
ust as proper hair care isn’t a science, neither is getting your hair color right. It’s actually quite simple: Stick to colors that compliment your skin tone, ﬁgure out if you’re better oﬀ with single-process color or highlights, and then decide if you’re going to pay someone else to do it or do it yourself. It also helps to know what colors you’re naturally drawn to. Here, I share 11 hair color tips only your stylist knows, but ﬁrst, peruse this gallery of My All-Time Favorite Hair Colors to ﬁgure out what colors you love. Can you go blonde? Some women look good in any color (remember Linda Evangelista?) but most women don’t. If you had blonde hair as a kid, you’ll likely look good as a blonde adult. The right way to go (or stay) brown If you have super pale skin and brown hair, consider going lighter. Super dark shades can wash you out and even make you appear older. I love the uber-trendy “bronde hairstyles” for brunettes for the perfect sun-kissed look. Can I go red? Almost everyone can go red, what’s most important is ﬁnding the right shade of red. If you want to go red, I suggest not trying it on your own. Get a professional consultation. You won’t believe the number of emails I get from women whose hair turned out orange when they went the box route. To color or to highlight, that’s the question If you have a great base hair tone, you’re better oﬀ with highlights. You don’t want to mess with nature; what you want to do is enhance it. If your base color washes out your skin tone or is “blah,” consider singleprocess color. Single-process color is cheaper than highlights. Highlights look best when the stylist uses at least two diﬀerent shades. Ask for more around your face, they can brighten your complexion. Keep in mind that due to root growth, all-over coloring will need to be touched up every four to eight weeks, while highlights can last up to two or three months. Ask your stylist about a gloss treatment following your color. Gloss boosts color and makes hair shinier.
You’re going for highlights, but which kind? There are basically 4 types of highlights: basic foil highlights, baliage or “hair painting,” chunking or “piecing” and lowlighting. Foil highlights add strands of color to hair. You can get up to 5 diﬀerent shades in hair for a more natural look. Baliage, or “hair painting,” allows the stylist to add natural stripes of color to hair in large or smaller swaths. This is best for women with a great base color who want to go just a couple shades lighter. You won’t need to get roots touched up as much with baliage as you do foils. Lowlighting allows the stylist to add darker shades to hair. This gives color more contrast. Should you do it yourself? Home-color kits have come a long way in the past few years. They are perfect for busy people and those who want cut the cost of professional colorings. (We know of a couple top fashion editors who color their hair themselves). If you’re going with a box, stick with semi-permanent color Semi-permanent colors wash out after a few washes, whereas permanent colors have to grow out. Some home hair coloring tips: rub Vaseline around your hairline as a protective measure before applying color. To remove after coloring, rub a small amount of cream cleanser and wipe oﬀ with cotton balls. Always wear gloves.
less than 15 percent gray, opt for a semipermanent color that’s a shade lighter than your natural color (or matches your color). Many women who are more than half gray opt to dye their hair blonde. For more information on coloring gray hair, check out this Q&A with NYC stylist Antonio Gonzales.
Gray, gray, go away, don’t come again another day Gray hair can be resilient to hair dye because of its coarse texture. If your hair is
So you hate your color? Don’t strangle the stylist! Don’t be afraid to go back to the salon and talk to your stylist if you are not
pleased with the results. There are all sorts of ways to ﬁx color that’s just not right. If you did it yourself with a semi-permanent color, look for a shampoo with “ammonium laurel sulfate” to wash away the color faster. Your color is gorgeous, now what? You invested money for hair color, now protect your investment with colorenhancing shampoo and conditioner once a week. These products deposit miniscule amounts of color into hair. —About
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Berlin Philharmonic: The world’s best orchestra
urling up like a wisp of smoke before a blaze, violinist Guy Braunstein marked the arrival of the Berlin Philharmonic in London with a ghostly rustle as the tip of his bow oscillated across a single string. Only a dog or those under 16 could hope to hear anything softer. One by one three other Berliner string principals joined in, each with a twobar semiquaver skitter before soaring, full strength, into Schubert’s “Quartettsatz”, a single movement of a quartet which in the composer’s short life was never completed. This was the ﬁrst, unexpectedly intimate sound of the world’s best orchestra - can we drop the mingy “arguably”? - as it began a four-concert sell-out UK residency, imaginatively shared between the Barbican and the Southbank. The ﬁrst encounter for everyone, that is, apart from those who attended a family concert earlier the same day given by the extrovert cello section, who let their hair down, which they quite regularly do, with jazz and show tunes. With bold ingenuity, this opening chamber concert in the Queen Elizabeth Hall acted as a microcosm of the concerts to come, showcasing a handful of members of an orchestra in which every player has the virtuosity and, more tellingly and as required, the attitude of a soloist. The mix of repertoire from the Austro-German canon, meat and drink to this ensemble, gave context to the symphonies by Mahler and Schubert ahead. Schoenberg, in voluptuous expressionist mode, acted as kernel. His string quartet No 2, with soprano Anna Prohaska a radiant, Klimt-like soloist, had all the authority and shared understanding of players who, though not a regular chamber group, know each other well. The ﬁrst glimpse we had of Sir Simon Rattle himself, chief conductor and artistic director since 2002 and one reason for a new kind of proprietorial British enthusiasm for the Berlin Philharmonic, was when he conducted the ﬁnal work at the QEH, Schoenberg’s voluptuous Chamber Symphony No 1 (1906). It would be perverse to say this was one of the highlights of the residency. There were too many others. But the chance to hear ﬁgures such as ex-CBSO oboist Jonathan Kelly and his colleague Andreas Wittmann, Andreas Blau (ﬂute) and Daniele Damiano (bassoon) in a small ensemble was thrilling and rewarding. But the spotlight fell on viola player Amihai Grosz (b 1979), a founding member of the Jerusalem Quartet who only joined the Berlin Phil as section principal six months ago. His bowing arm has near mechanical energy while his resonant tone ﬂickers between coarse and silken, glabrous and scabrous. He remained a potent force throughout the week, visibly and audibly, wild in attack, alert in
Over four nights in London, Simon Rattle and his virtuosic players astounded audiences. So how do they do it?
‘His cajoling expressions range from seraphic to maniacal’: Simon Rattle conducting the Berlin Philharmonic at the Barbican. —Guardian silence. You could think he was single-handedly power-driving the orchestra except that, in truth, he is only giving the same ﬁerce commitment shown by every one of these players. With so many thousands of words and hundreds of ecstatic adjectives applied to the Berlin Philharmonic this week, we still need to ask that basic question: what’s its secret? Even Rattle admits ﬁnding it hard to say. Speaking on Radio 4’s Today programme, he admitted “it’s a mystery”, adding that orchestras may change their clothes - the personnel - but the body remains the same. Rattle feels he is conducting “Karajan’s orchestra” - maestro at the helm for 35 years from 1954 to 1989, selling some 200 million discs and consolidating a streamlined, rhythmically propellant sound. Claudio Abbado followed, ushering in a new transparency and, as fans usually sum it up, “love” in his approach. Rattle, to precis a tendency, combines both styles, attending to detail with laser precision, while also reaching out for that gleaming Karajan quality. Yet much has changed since Rattle arrived. By cautious degrees he has consolidated his relationship with this highly independent group. The average age has dropped to a youthful 38 years. It is more international than ever. With the exception of the
interwar years, it has never been solely German but now 50 of the 128 members are foreign, with 20 nations (including three Britons) represented. It still has a mere 17 women, including the ﬁrst, Swiss violinist Madeleine Carruzzo who joined in 1982, and also the phenomenal horn player Sarah Willis. No other orchestra drives you to check your programme constantly to try to identify who, tonight, is making that magical clarinet or trumpet or trombone sound. The orchestra has three concertmasters, or leaders. The exemplary quality of the strings, the heart of an orchestra but always the hardest part to get right, is their responsibility. Each brings his own spark and style to the ensemble, at once adding and blending. Daniel Stabrawa, appointed in the Karajan era, led the Haydn and Schubert programme with a sense of Teutonic elegance, though in fact he is Polish. Braunstein, who joined in 2000, genial and unperturbable, plays in a manner so relaxed he sits with his ankles crossed, revealing the soles of his shiny patent shoes. It’s as if he has adopted the “at ease” rather than “to attention” playing position, yet his playing is peerless. The third concertmaster is the nimble Daishin Kashimoto from Japan, who came in 2009. He was outstanding in the demonic scordatura solo - in which the violin is
tuned a tone higher - in Mahler’s fourth. Rattle used the word “ﬁerce” to suggest his players’ unifying quality. The Scottish horn-player Fergus McWilliam, in a pre-concert talk about his quarter century in the orchestra, oﬀers three others: passionate, visceral and sensual. There is no inhibition, and no awaiting instruction. They move with a physicality that would be distracting were it not for the fact, as here, that they all do it. Rattle compares the Berlin Phil to “a ﬂock of birds”. Make your own analogy: a wheat ﬁeld in high wind, maybe, or anything to suggest the many who, valued individually, act as one. Rather than plod through each remarkable concert, widely commented on elsewhere, I will pick highlights. Mahler’s fourth, usually regarded as nearly classical in scale and reach, expanded to achieve tragic grandeur in Monday’s impeccable performance. On Tuesday horn principal Stefan Dohr, another of the week’s heroes, was a beguiling soloist in Toshio Hosokawa’s horn concerto (UK premiere). With almost tactile aural variety, it expresses the journey of a lotus ﬂower pushing up through mud and water to explode into blossom. How refreshing to hear Japanese wind bells and vibraphone glistening exotically in between Haydn and Schubert, but the moments of
chaos also left an impact. So much for the musicians. Rattle, too, has his own singular facial and gestural repertoire. Baton in his right hand, variously slicing, slashing, ﬂicking, ﬂipping, mincing, he employs his left as moderator, calming, urging, silencing. His cajoling expressions range from seraphic to maniacal, both in heavy demand for the mammoth journey of Mahler’s third symphony, in the ﬁnal concert. Despite a stupendous performance, with glorious contributions from contralto Nathalie Stutzmann and the ladies of the LSO Chorus, BBC Singers and boys of Eltham college, it left Mahlerians divided. Had Rattle conveyed the full weight of this gargantuan, six-movement Nietzschean exploration of the ontological all? Has anyone? I’m still waiting - send your suggestions or therapies - though I revel in the work’s ear-shattering invention. Nothing could beat Schubert’s own huge symphonic outpouring, the “Great” C major, No 9, performed on Tuesday. Too often stolid and heavy, here it was airborne, with rhythmic muscularity and exhilarating ﬁnesse. It solved one of life’s less pressing problems. I’ve never known what to request in the “condemned man’s ﬁnal feast” game. The Berlin Philharmonic playing the “Great” C major would do nicely, thank you. —Guardian
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Street art scales down: why Cordal and Slinkachu are masters of miniature Slinkachu and Isaac Cordal’s tiny figures speak of our insignificance in an uncaring universe - so watch your step
ost urban artists ﬁnd the biggest obstacle to their work is Johnny Law - that ill-timed arrival of a policeman interrupting a graﬃti epic mid-completion, a complicated installation having to be abandoned to ﬂight. Not the case for artists Slinkachu and Isaac Cordal, who specialise in “miniature street sculpture”: for them the biggest dangers are roadsweepers, heavy-shoed pedestrians and jackdaws. Since 2006 these two London-based artists have been (independently) installing tiny dioramas in cities around the world, taking photographs - then leaving their work to be kicked or ignored or taken away. In one striking piece, Slinkachu constructed a scene of children bathing in a discarded chicken tikka takeaway in east London; in another, he positioned a group of riot police posing for holiday snaps in front of the Acropolis in Greece. Cordal put a row of suited men emerging from a grate at ankle height in Brussels, and a suicidal-looking ﬁgure on a high beam in Hackney. No individual sculpture by either is more than 5cm in height. “I don’t hang around to see what happens to the work,” says Slinkachu, 31, a London-based former art director who prefers not to reveal his real name. “I don’t want not to know. But there is a strange kind of buzz to abandoning your creations on the street.” Next month he will exhibit photographs of his past work, as well as installing some purposebuilt new pieces at the Andipa Gallery in London for his show, Concrete Ocean. Spanish-born Cordal’s work, meanwhile, will be collected in his ﬁrst solo book, Cement Eclipses, published by Carpet Bombing Culture in May. Cordal, 36, is distinctly less enamoured than Slinkachu with the prospect of his miniature statues going walkies - “I don’t leave them on the street for people to take; street art is for everyone, not just one person” - but is realistic about the likelihood of his art getting damaged or stolen. “Once art becomes part of the public domain, one of the possibilities is that the work disappears. Most of it disappears very fast. The main predators are cleaning services.” Slinkachu’s work is free to take, he says, “if you can ﬁnd it”. No easy task. His sculptures, remodelled from cut-up train set ﬁgures, are usually less than 4cm tall and almost invisible from walking
height. “His people are often trodden underfoot,” says Claire Mander of the Andipa Gallery. “But he’s urging us to look more closely at our environment. The seeming glibness of the works cuts to the heart of the idea of being small, insigniﬁcant, a loser compared to more successful people.” Slinkachu says: “One of my pieces, a miniature cash machine with a ﬁgure withdrawing money, lasted three months, which I think is probably a record.” He wasn’t so lucky last year when he was commissioned to install his pygmy scenes around the grounds of Belsay Hall in Northumberland. All but one of the ﬁgures disappeared (including a man sitting at a picnic bench the size of a Lego brick, and a couple studying an upright cigarette butt as if it were an art installation). The stately home oﬀered a “no grudge amnesty” for their return; the suspicion is that magpies got the lot. Because of the ephemeral nature of the work, both Slinkachu and Cordal have made photography a key part of their method. “At the beginning I used to take photographs only with the idea of documenting each installation,” says Cordal. “Then I realised I could use photography to create more complex compositions.” Slinkachu agrees. “I like to think of the photography as a form of reportage, like I’m recording a small drama. It all started as a hobby, a way to let oﬀ steam creatively, but then I became fascinated by the possibilities of telling stories with the ﬁgures through photography, and making people feel empathy for these little people.” In Cordal’s case this is often achieved through cunning juxtaposition: his provocative Summer in London placed a man in swimming trunks (and gas mask) waist deep in an oily smear just outside a petrol station. Slinkachu, meanwhile, toys with scale to play on ideas of loneliness and anonymity, especially in urban environments. The signature image of next month’s exhibition depicts two ﬁgures adrift on what looks like a radiant desert island but is actually a tennis ball ﬂoating in a murky puddle in Wandsworth, a high-rise looming in the background. “The feeling of being ignored and overlooked, of feeling small, is a universal one,” says Slinkachu. “It is as easy for us to fall through cracks in the pavement in a big city as it is for the little people.” What happened to the tennis ball island? Slinkachu isn’t sure. “It was quite a visible one so I’m sure somebody spotted it. I like to think some kids found it and took it home.”—Guardian
FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
TOPIC - OUT THERE
Can you find the hidden numbers? They may be horizontal or vertical
03838, 09223, 10383, 14398, 18384, 26782, 26983, 27365, 27883, 33589, 34785, 68966, 75976, 81621, 85766, 91479
Can you find the hidden words? They may be horizontal or vertical ASTEROID, BLACK HOLE, COSMOS, EARTH, GALAXY, JUPITER, MARS, MERCURY, METEOR, MILKY WAY, MOON, NEBULA, NEPTUNE, PLUTO, SATURN, SPACE, STAR, UNIVERSE, URANUS, VENUS.
1. One of the two horizontal 7-letter words is county whose capital is London and the other is lamp. 2. One of the two vertical 7-letter words is a thousand thousand and the other is dog houses. 3. One of the 5-letter words is student and the other is paces.
4. The 4-letter words are parts of the mouth, piece of metal money; part of a dollar; part of a chain. 5. The two 3-letter words on the left are a short sleep and a large area of water. 6. The two 3-letter words on the right are nothing and a male title.
There are no clue numbers in the grid. Use your powers of deduction to put the right words in the correct positions in the grid. All the Nâ€™s have already been filled in.
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
The Story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears
nce upon a time, there was a little girl named Goldilocks. She went for a walk in the forest. Pretty soon, she came upon a house. She knocked and, when no one answered, she walked right in. At the table in the kitchen, there were three bowls of porridge. Goldilocks was hungry. She tasted the porridge from the first bowl. “This porridge is too hot!” she exclaimed. So, she tasted the porridge from the second bowl. “This porridge is too cold,” she said So, she tasted the last bowl of porridge. “Ahhh, this porridge is just right,” she said happily and she ate it all up. After she’d eaten the three bears’ breakfasts she decided she was feeling a little tired. So, she walked into the living room where she saw three chairs. Goldilocks sat in the first chair to rest her feet. “This chair is too big!” she exclaimed. So she sat in the second chair. “This chair is too big, too!” she whined. So she tried the last and smallest chair. “Ahhh, this chair is just right,” she sighed. But just as she settled down into the chair to rest, it broke into pieces! Goldilocks was very tired by this time, so she went upstairs to the bedroom. She lay down in the first bed, but it was too hard. Then she lay in the second bed, but it was too soft. Then she lay down in the third bed and it was just right. Goldilocks fell asleep. As she was sleeping, the three bears came home. “Someone’s been eating my porridge,” growled the Papa bear. “Someone’s been eating my porridge,” said the Mama bear. “Someone’s been eating my porridge and they ate it all up!” cried the Baby bear. “Someone’s been sitting in my chair,” growled the Papa bear. “Someone’s been sitting in my chair,” said the Mama bear. “Someone’s been sitting in my chair and they’ve broken it all to pieces,” cried the Baby bear. They decided to look around some more and when they got upstairs to the bedroom, Papa bear growled, “Someone’s been sleeping in my bed,” “Someone’s been sleeping in my bed, too” said the Mama bear “Someone’s been sleeping in my bed and she’s still there!” exclaimed Baby bear. Just then, Goldilocks woke up and saw the three bears. She screamed, “Help!” And she jumped up and ran out of the room. Goldilocks ran down the stairs, opened the door, and ran away into the forest. And she never returned to the home of the three bears. (www.dltk-teach.com)
C R O S S W O R D
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Word Sleuth Solution
ACROSS 1. What you can repeat immediately after perceiving it. 4. Foul with waste matter. 10. East Indian tree bearing a profusion of intense vermilion velvet-textured blooms and yielding a yellow dye. 13. The sound made by a pigeon v 1. 14. Verse in the meter used in Greek and Latin poetry consisting of strophes of 4 tetrametric lines. 15. A constellation in the southern hemisphere near Telescopium and Norma. 16. Large antelope with lightly spiraled horns of desert regions of North Africa. 18. Not bearing a date. 20. Made of fir or pine. 22. Large burrowing rodent of South and Central America. 23. A deep bow. 25. An independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest. 27. The branch of computer science that deal with writing computer programs that can solve problems creatively. 28. Someone who works (or provides workers) during a strike. 30. Someone who engages in arbitrage (who purchases securities in one market for immediate resale in another in the hope of profiting from the price differential). 32. A sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain. 35. (Middle East) An ornamental metal cup-shaped holder for a hot coffee cup. 36. A human limb. 39. (plate tectonic theory) A hypothetical continent including all the landmass of the earth prior to the Triassic period when it split into Laurasia and Gondwanaland. 44. Of or relating to or involving an area. 45. Lac purified by heating and filtering. 47. A small cake leavened with yeast. 49. A unit of surface area equal to 100 square meters. 50. A Chadic language spoken south of Lake Chad. 53. A polite name for any woman. 58. A loose sleeveless outer garment made from aba cloth. 61. A Chadic language spoken south of Lake Chad. 62. The elementary stages of any subject (usually plural). 63. A city of north central North Carolina. 65. Flower arrangement consisting of a circular band of foliage or flowers for ornamental purposes. 66. (usually followed by `to' or `for') On the point of or strongly disposed. 67. A city in east central China. 68. A condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders. DOWN 1. A large number or amount. 2. A genus of delicate ferns belonging to the family Osmundaceae. 3. (statistics) Relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution. 4. Duplicator that transmits the copy by wire or radio. 5. A silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite. 6. An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members. 7. part of the peritoneum attached to the stomach and to the colon and covering the intestines. 8. Belonging to or on behalf of a specified person (especially yourself). 9. A digital display that uses liquid crystal cells that change reflectivity in an applied electric field.
10. A collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn. 11. Any of several tall tropical palms native to southeastern Asia having eggshaped nuts. 12. A family of Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in southeastern Asia. 17. By bad luck. 19. South American armadillo with three bands of bony plates. 21. Affect with wonder. 24. A radioactive element of the actinide series. 26. A state in midwestern United States. 29. The cry made by sheep. 31. Any of numerous local fertility and nature deities worshipped by ancient Semitic peoples. 33. A unit of electrical power in an AC circuit equal to the power dissipated when 1 volt produces a current of 1 ampere. 34. Used of a single unit or thing. 37. A nucleic acid that transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm. 38. (British) A waterproof raincoat made of rubberized fabric. 40. An amino acid that is found in the central nervous system. 41. A flat wing-shaped process or winglike part of an organism. 42. Characterized by lightness and insubstantiality. 43. A chronic skin disease occurring primarily in women between the ages of 20 and 40. 46. Of or relating to or characteristic of Hades or Tartarus. 47. Being one hundred more than three hundred. 48. (biology) Having or resembling wings. 51. A French abbot. 52. Consideration in dealing with others and avoiding giving offence. 54. Title for a civil or military leader (especially in Turkey). 55. Offering fun and gaiety. 56. In bed. 57. Set down according to a plan. 59. A unit of force equal to the force that imparts an acceleration of 1 foot/sec/sec to a mass of 1 pound. 60. A Nilotic language. 64. 1/1000 gram.
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Bieber apologizes for middle-finger salute
ustin Bieber apologized on Wednesday for angrily hoisting his middle ﬁnger at paparazzi who buzzed the squeaky-clean pop star and his girlfriend after his birthday dinner in Los Angeles. The fracas occurred on Tuesday evening when Bieber and Disney starlet Selena Gomez left an Italian restaurant where they had celebrated his 17th birthday. A grim Bieber made the spontaneous gesture after he took the wheel of their vehicle and Gomez shielded her face. It was a rare outburst by the pop sensation, who is publicly unﬂappable and upbeat in the toughest of circumstances. “I’m sorry,” he wrote on Twitter Wednesday. “It’s not always easy but I know better than to react in anger.” He added that life has its “ups and downs” and that he would make mistakes, but he would learn from them and try to do the right thing. On the positive side, he told his 7.8 million followers that they had raised more than $40,000 for a charity that provides clean water in poor nations. Separately, TV talk show host Ellen DeGeneres said she sold a lock of Bieber’s hair at auction for $40,668 with proceeds going to an animal charity. Equally famed for his soulful voice and the casual ﬂick of his lustrous head of hair, Bieber is the latest in a long line of lovable balladeers to whip up a frenzy among young girls. In little more than a year he went from an obscure singer on YouTube to a pop hero mobbed by screaming girls worldwide. The Canadian native was the fourth best-selling albums artist in the United States last year, received two Grammy nominations this year, and is currently in theaters with a hit 3D concert movie.
donated Gaddafi performance fee
S singer Beyonce has said she donated the money she earned at a private party in 2009 to earthquake relief eﬀorts in Haiti after learning the promoter had links to the family of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddaﬁ. The 29-yearold is the latest singer to distance herself from the Gaddaﬁ clan, following international condemnation of his attempts to quell a rebellion in Libya and reports about stars who have performed for his entourage in recent years. Earlier this week Canadian singer Nelly Furtado said she would give away $1 million she received to perform in Italy for the Libyan leader’s family. “All monies paid to Beyonce for her performance at a private party at Nikki Beach St Barts on New Year’s Eve 2009, including the commissions paid to her booking agency, were donated to the earthquake relief eﬀorts for Haiti, over a year ago,” Beyonce said in a statement posted on her website. “Once it became known that the third party promoter was linked to the Qaddaﬁ (Gaddaﬁ) family, the decision was made to put that payment to a good cause.” Pressure on Gaddaﬁ is growing as violence sweeps Libya. The International Criminal Court prosecutor said yesterday that Gaddaﬁ, his sons and members of their inner circle could be held responsible for crimes by their security forces. The United Nations Security Council imposed sanctions on Gaddaﬁ and his family on Saturday, and referred Libya’s crackdown on demonstrators to the court. The music press has highlighted several famous singers who have performed for Gaddaﬁ’s clan, including his son Muatassim, in the last six years, often commanding large fees.
Richard’s daughter arrested for graffiti, drugs
he daughter of Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards appeared in a New York court on Wednesday after being arrested for spraying graﬃti on a building and drug possession. Theodora Richards, 25, was taken into custody Tuesday night after plainclothes oﬃcers spotted her using an acrylic paint marker to spray the letters “T” and “A,” with a heart symbol in between them, on the side of a building in New York’s trendy Soho neighborhood, police said. Richards, the daughter of Richards and former model Patti Hansen, was also charged with unlawfully possessing marijuana as well as a controlled substance, which police say they believe to be hydrocodone, a prescription pain killer. Richards was arraigned on Wednesday afternoon in State Supreme Court in Manhattan. She turned down an oﬀer from prosecutors of two days worth of community service and one day of substance abuse classes. No plea was entered and she was released without any bail. She is due back in court on April 21. Richards, a model, has appeared in campaigns for fashion giants Tommy Hilﬁger and Burberry. —Agencies
Depp on Jolie:
She’s a ‘shockingly great mother’
ohnny Depp says working with Angelina Jolie on his latest ﬁlm taught him to think of her in a diﬀerent wayas a great mother. Depp says he does not know how Jolie and husband Brad Pitt handle parenthood while juggling the distractions of being famous. He says Jolie is “a shockingly great mother” and remains calm despite all the paparazzi and pressures of fame. Depp says he’d “probably be in prison” if he had to deal with as many kids. Jolie and Pitt have six children. Depp has two with French actress Vanessa Paradis. Depp was speaking at a Tokyo news conference yesterday to promote he and Jolie’s ﬁlm “The Tourist.”
Lifestyle FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
File photo shows Israeli musician Idan Raichel being interviewed before a performance in Jerusalem. —AP photos
File photo shows India.Arie arriving at the Pre-Grammy Gala & Salute.
n India.Arie’s last album, she blended a world music sound with her signature style of soul. She’s planning to take things to the next level on an upcoming CD with Israeli singer Idan Raichel. “I always go diﬀerent (and) I went even farther,” India.Arie said in a recent interview. The album, “Open Door,” will be released this summer. It will feature songs in Hebrew and English, though India.Arie doesn’t know Hebrew, explaining that Raichel “teaches me the translation.” While vacationing in Israel, the 34-year-old singer asked locals who the most inﬂuential political singer-songwriter was in town. “Everybody said, ‘Idan Raichel, Idan Raichel - same name all the time,’” she recalled. “So I just went to his little apartment, I heard his music and was like, ‘That’s my music!’” Raichel, the dreadlocked composer who uniquely blends Israeli, Ethiopian, Yemenite and Latin sounds, is mainly known for his role in the group The Idan Raichel Project. The Project has some 90 revolving members from Sudan, Uruguay, Colombia and Rwanda. They sing primarily in Hebrew, Spanish, Arabic and Swahili, and bandmates range in age from 16 to people in their 80s. The Project burst onto the Israeli scene in 2002 and has released three successful albums. India.Arie and Raichel, 33, can been seen in a YouTube video for their song,
usicians in the Middle East will paid tribute to the Arab uprising and commemorate the death of an Egyptian musician during the Cairo demonstrations as part of this year’s international Music Freedom Day yesterday. Music Freedom Day, the brainchild of Freemuse, an independent organization advocating freedom of expression for music makers worldwide, is bringing together artists in over 20 countries to highlight the plight of colleagues around the globe who suﬀer censorship, imprisonment and even death. “It may not be diﬃcult to silence the individual musician but you can’t really silence their songs,” Freemuse co-founder Ole Reitov told Reuters by phone. “We’ve seen with many of the songs or singers that have had problems that although they may put the musicians in prison, their songs somehow survive.” The event kicked oﬀ with concerts in Mumbai and Kabul and ends with a session in New York and special broadcasting programs in Canada after events in Egypt and Lebanon paying tribute to Egyptian musician Ahmed Basiouni, who died on the fourth day of demonstrations in Cairo earlier this year. Freemuse was founded in the late 1990s to document censorship in music, raise awareness of the problem and oﬀer support to the musicians and their families. “Artists all over the world would speak up for all kinds of things but they never spoke out about their own conditions, so we would have writers speaking out on behalf of Salman Rushdie but you never heard Bono or Youssou N’Dour or anyone else talking about all the repression that took place with some of their colleagues,” Reitov said from his oﬃce in Copenhagen.
“Gift of Acceptance.” The two performed the tune in December at the Nobel Peace concert in honor of Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo in Oslo, Norway. They also held special concerts in Los Angeles and Atlanta to promote the upcoming CD. “People were crying and (there was) a lot of good feedback,” said India.Arie, who is also planning an international tour with Raichel. “Open Door” will be the soul singer’s ﬁfth CD. Her ﬁrst three albums were multiplatinum, platinum and gold successes. But 2009’s “Testimony: Vol. 2, Love & Politics” didn’t match her previous eﬀorts, only selling 320,000 units, according to Nielsen SoundScan. Though the disc may - or may not - be a hit for the multiple Grammy winner, India.Arie says she’s not concerned with album sales, thanks to the encouraging support from family, friends and fans. “My family especially, they’re like, ‘Oh my god India, why are you doing this? We don’t know who’s going to buy it,’” she recalled. “My mom cries every time she hears the songs,” she continued. “...They kept saying stuﬀ like, ‘This is you, but diﬀerent. It’s almost like you can do anything, but it’s still you.’”— AP
Listen to the banned While huge organizations like Amnesty International campaign on behalf of political prisoners, Freemuse, which has just six fulltime and part-time staﬀ and struggles for funding, remains the only international organization dedicated to campaigning against music censorship. “Coming across Freemuse was a real godsend for me at a time when I really needed somebody for support,” Deeyah, a singer and composer born in Norway to Muslim parents of Pakistani origin, told Reuters by phone from her current home in Atlanta. Deeyah, who has become a vehement campaigner for freedom of expression through music and other human rights issues, said the organisation helped her when she was experiencing problems because of her choice of profession and background. “Music is a fundamental part of all our cultures, our history and our identity. It’s not just light entertainment that doesn’t need protection,” Deeyah said. “It is in many countries the only way for people to express themselves or even rebel.” Deeyah last year produced a CD, “Listen To The Banned,” featuring many of the artists Freemuse has helped over the years, including Cameroon’s Lapiro De Mbanga, whose songs like “Constitution Constipee” (Constipated Constitution) have landed him in jail for almost three years. De Mbanga will spend Music Freedom Day in court in Cameroon in relation to his current imprisonment, while cultural activists and musicians in Cameroon meet to discuss issues of music censorship in the country.—Reuters
Australian pop singer Kylie Minogue, center, and the dancers perform during her Aphrodite Tour concert in Prague, Czech Republic, on Wednesday. — AP
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
ie l o
o a C s t y r o Iv A
ctress Angelina Jolie issued a humanitarian appeal Wednesday for tens of thousands of people aﬀected by the fast-unfolding emergencies in Libya and Ivory Coast. Jolie, a UN refugee agency goodwill ambassador, added her voice to calls by United Nations agencies to protect civilians displaced by conﬂict in Libya, including thousands of refugees and asylum seekers still inside or trying to leave the country for neighboring Egypt and Tunisia. The agencies are also calling on all sides to protect the human rights and safety of civilians trying to ﬂee clashes in Ivory Coast, many of them crossing the border into Liberia. “As we witness these newest crises unfold in west and north Africa, it is critical that all parties respect the fundamental right of people in danger to ﬂee to safety, whether civilians caught in conﬂict in their own country or refugees and asylum seekers caught in new conﬂicts,” Jolie said. “All I’m asking is that civilians be protected, and not United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Goodwill Ambassador Angelina Jolie targeted or harmed.” Jolie issued her appeal from shows education materials to local Headteacher, Gul Rahman and schoolgirls in Qala Gudar Afghanistan, where she was meeting with village, Qarabagh District, some 28km outside Kabul, on March 1, 2011. —AFP refugees struggling to survive and adjust after years in exile. —AP
Diane Lane to play Superman’s hot mom
TV show reveals
Mike Tyson, pigeon racer L
ong before Mike Tyson became a world champion heavyweight boxer, he threw his ﬁrst punch over a pigeon. In fact, Tyson says, pigeons were his ﬁrst love as a bullied kid on the tough streets of Brooklyn, and later on, birds gave him a sense of peace and tranquility before and after some of his most bruising professional ﬁghts. Now, the man nicknamed “Iron Mike” for his ferocious boxing style is sharing that passion and showing a gentler side of himself in “Taking on Tyson”, a six-part documentary starting on the Animal Planet cable TV channel on Sunday, March 6. “The ﬁrst thing I ever loved in my life was a pigeon. I don’t know why...I feel ridiculous trying to explain it,” Tyson, 44, says in the documentary. “Pigeons are part of my life. It’s a constant with my sanity in a weird way; this is just what I do. If I am lucky enough to die an old man. I’m going to have birds.” “Taking on Tyson” is part reﬂection on a life that has scaled the heights
of boxing and the lows of prison, and part glimpse into the sub-culture of competitive pigeon racing. “I love pigeons and I thought (the TV series) would broaden the horizons of people who are not knowledgeable about pigeons,” Tyson told Reuters. Tyson, who declared bankruptcy in 2003 and retired from professional boxing in 2006, has 2,500 birds in various locations. He had never raced them before, but set his sights on becoming a world champion in pigeon racing with all the determination he once brought to boxing. “You gotta train every day, you gotta prepare. Just like a ﬁght, you gotta prepare or you’re not going to do well at all,” he said of the regime for his pigeons. “But you can have all the training in the world and it all comes down to the tenacity of the birds, their perseverance, and the will to win.” ‘Tyson’s Corner’ The TV series focuses on the 300 racing pigeons in his “Tyson’s Corner” pigeon coop, next to the gym where he
once trained for his most famous bouts in the ring. For non-pigeon enthusiasts, the documentary also takes Tyson back to the places where he grew up, without a father and with a mother who died when he was 16 years-old. He recalls that his ﬁrst ﬁght, at age 11, was with an older boy who pulled the head oﬀ one of his pigeons. By 13, he had been arrested multiple times for ﬁghting and for petty crimes, and he was sent to juvenile detention. The TV portrait paints a picture of Tyson that is far removed from the boxer who notoriously bit oﬀ part of Evander Holyﬁeld’s ear in a 1997 heavyweight bout, or the man who served three years in prison for rape in the early 1990s. Tyson says he is trying to “outprogram” himself from the crazy, out-of-control person he once was, and is humbler now. He has been writing poetry, and will share one piece “with a deep personal meaning” in the April edition of Oprah Winfrey’s “O” magazine. —Reuters
iane Lane will play Clark Kent’s adoptive mother in the upcoming Superman movie, a considerably younger casting choice than Eva Marie Saint in the 2006 Man of Steel ﬁlm. Lane, 46, will star alongside 27-year-old headliner Henry Cavill in the untitled Warner Bros. project, which is set for release in December 2012. “This was a very important piece of casting for me because Martha Kent is the woman whose values helped shape the man we know as Superman,” director Zack Snyder said in a statement. “We are thrilled to have Diane in the role because she can convey the wisdom and the wonder of a woman whose son has powers beyond her imagination.” Martha Kent and her husband Jonathan adopted young Clark after he came to Earth in a rocket from the planet Krypton. Saint was about 80 when she played the role in 2006’s “Superman Returns.” In 1978’s “Superman,” the role went to 57-year-old actress Phyllis Thacker. The role of Jonathan Kent has not yet been cast. Lane was in theaters last year with the equine drama “Secretariat,” and next stars in the HBO feature “Cinema Verite,” opposite Tim Robbins and James Gandolﬁni. She earned an Oscar nomination for the 2002 drama “Unfaithful.”—Reuters
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Galliano, Lady Gaga makes modeling debut
s if the fashion world hasn’t had enough to digest in recent days, with the sacking of Dior designer John Galliano over allegations he hurled antiSemitic comments, mega-star Lady Gaga added to the insanity, making a bumping and grinding modeling debut at Mugler’s fall-winter 2011-12 ready-to-wear show on Wednesday. Dressed in a sheer black top and painted-on pencil skirt, Gaga drew on her wealth of experience with extreme footwear and managed to negotiate the towering platform shoes better than some of the models. Her catwalk performance-which included
(Above) US singer and musician Lady Gaga embraces French designers Nicolas Formichetti and Sebastien Peigne following the Thierry Mugler Spring/Summer 2012 ready-to-wear collection show on March 2, 2011 in Paris. (Left & below) Models show creations part of French designer Thierry Mugler. —AP/AFP photos
Models present creations by Belgium fashion designer Dries Van Noten.
plenty of crotch grabbing a la Michael Jackson and saw her pole dance around one of the columns on the mock cathedral set in an apparent homage to Madonnaeven managed to eclipse the constant Galliano chatter, sole topic of conversation at the Paris shows. The scandal began last Thursday, when the designer was detained and questioned about accusations he made anti-Semitic insults at a couple in a Parisian cafe. Other complaints and followed and a damning video-in which an apparently inebriated Galliano slurs “I love Hitler” — went viral on the internet. Dior’s response was swift and unequivocal. After 15 years with the company, Dior sacked Galliano on Tuesday. The case continued to develop throughout Wednesday, providing industry insiders a constant stream of fodder for gossip and speculation. The Paris prosecutors oﬃce announced Galliano is to stand trial, while the designer issued an apology. Hilary Alexander of Britain’s Daily Telegraph spoke for many in the fashion world, commenting
she “pray(ed Galliano) has the strength to survive, and to keep strong, and know there are still many, many people who love him and remember the poetic moments that were the best of his work.” She called the debacle a “horriﬁc morality tale of the cyber age” and a “tragedy of gigantic
proportions.” Paris’ marathon nineday-long displays move into day three on Thursday, with shows by US designers Rick Owens and Zac Posen, as well as every jet-setting party girl’s favorite brand, Balmain. Here’s hoping the label’s sky-high hemlines and skintight bustier Continued on Page 49
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Continued from Page 48 dresses give everyone something else to talk about, besides Galliano. MUGLER If the singing thing doesn’t pan out, Lady Gaga can always fall back on modeling. The pop-shock sensation’s high-impact debut proved she’s got the stuﬀ to make it in the cruel world of fashion. Legions of fans mobbed the show’s venue, a gym in a workingclass neighborhood in eastern Paris, hoping for a glimpse of the singer. It was clear that many of the industry insiders also made the trip into the fashion backwater exclusively for Gaga-who’d announced she’d be walking in the show on her Twitter account the day before. And she didn’t disappoint. Bursting in halfway through the show with a formidable contingent of bodyguards, Gaga hopped onto the stageahem, the catwalk-and struck noholds-barred poses in front of the even more formidable pack of photographers. She puﬀed on a cigarette, blowing clouds of smoke toward them and then was oﬀ: bumping, grinding and strutting her way backstage, only to emerge in an all-white ensemble topped oﬀ by a lampshade hat. It was a blockbuster performance, er, show. Indeed Gaga looked more comfortable than many of the models, who had trouble embracing the nasty girl role they’d been told to play. Their tiger growls at the cameras ﬂopped, their gyrations were forced-and Gaga stood out as the
A-grade performer she is. The clothes themselves weren’t much better than the (professional) models. It was like Sebastien Peigne, who designed the collection under Gaga’s stylist and Mugler’s new creative director, Nicola Formichetti, was taking his cue from the how-to manual for a label hoping to spark buzz. Painted on vinyl pants? Check. High-waisted latex skirt paired with a sheer blouse and nothing underneath? Check. Leopard print bodystockings? Check. Nothing revolutionary, or even mildly surprising, really.
sharp clacking noises on the wooden catwalk, a gilded ballroom at Paris City Hall. There was a vaguely ‘70s feel about the collection, but it was less of a recognizable inﬂuence than a suggestion — a mere hint. Really, the collection was pure, unadulterated Dries.
the fashion zeitgeist last season, but is now looking a bit stale. For fall, Zanini served up sheath dresses in fuzzy mohair, A-line silk skirts and the swingy maxi coats that were pretty but lacked the je-ne-sais-quoi that has made his collections buzz in seasons past. —AP
ROCHAS Rochas was channeling “Mad Men,” but somehow the retro silhouettes felt very last season. Designer Marco Zanini’s signature ‘50’s-inspired style, steeped in ladylike naivete, was spot-on in
DRIES VAN NOTEN The venue was almost completely dark, but the Belgian designer’s colorblock dresses, in eye-popping prints and highwattage lame, lit up the stately hall. Noten’s magpie eye and ﬂair for color have won him critical praise and a loyal customer base, but the Antwerp-based wonder outdid himself with Wednesday’s collection, a tour de force that showcased his intuitive feeling for fabrics — which is nearly unparalleled in the business. He sent out drop-waisted sheathdresses in a patchwork of orange, and electric blue silks printed with liquid swirls that were full of surprises: A swath of shimmering sequins or lustrous lame that dressed up a single sleeve, or an unexpected graphic black and white panel, visible only when the model turned her back. Ultra-wide-legged trousers were paired with cropped jackets in satin brocade, lined at the lapel with black astrakhan. The translucent plastic-heeled booties made
Gap opens Japan flagship store
fashion chain Gap opened its Japanese ﬂagship store yesterday, inviting pop star Avril Lavigne to add glamour to an event that saw hundreds of youngsters camp outside the shop overnight. The four-storey shop in the heart of Tokyo’s glitzy Ginza shopping district aims
(From right) Gap Japan president John Ermatinger, Canadian singer Avril Lavigne and guests cut the ribbon during the opening ceremony of the flagship Gap retail shop in Tokyo’s shopping district Ginza yesterday. —AFP
to position Gap strongly against other labels dubbed ‘fast-fashion’ in Japan, such as the locally-based Uniqlo, Sweden’s H&M and Spain’s Zara. To help draw crowds to the blue-and-white glass building, the company gave away 200 pairs of jeans designed together with Lavigne, the chart-topping Canadian singer-songwriter who has also designed perfumes. ‘I queued up from 6:00 am and it was worth waiting,’ gushed Yuko Sawakata who received one of the special-edition jeans from Lavigne. ‘I’m a fan of Avril and I still can’t believe it. It’s like a dream!’ The 1,435-square-metre (15,440-square-foot) store, with men’s, women’s and baby fashion, is the company’s biggest in Japan, a market the San Francisco-based company ﬁrst entered in the mid1990s. ‘Japanese consumers are among the most astute fashion consumers in the world,’ said Gap’s Asia-Paciﬁc president John Ermatinger. ‘Japan’s shoppers expect to ﬁnd American casual style clothes that can be worn in diﬀerent placesóto work, going out and of course on the fashionable streets of Ginza,’ he wrote on the company’s blog. Japan’s economic troubles since its heyday in the late 1980sóand especially since the global downturnóhave battered many top luxury brands, while aﬀordable fashion has made strong inroads.—AFP
In NY, Ralph Lauren opts for Chinese opulence
merican designer Ralph Lauren moved away from his characteristic chic sportswear in favor of the luxury of pre-revolutionary China, on the ﬁnal day of New York Fashion Week’s Autumn-Winter 2011 show. Nearly every item presented on Thursday by his 50 models before a handpicked audience was clearly not intended for the working woman. Lauren, who recently made his ﬁrst visit to China, an emerging market for his and other labels, boldly opted for luxury. There was nothing this time around for the women of horseback riding and golf-playing crowds. Away from tweed and jodhpurs, Lauren has thought about those who spend time in casinos and luxury hotels-with a nod to the Roaring Twenties and the decadence of Chinese emperors. Most dresses were long and many of the models who wore them were Asian, Chinese model Liu Wen with names like Jing Ma, Ming, Siu He poses during a ceremony or Liu Wen. after being announced by Among the coats there was a beauEstee Lauder as the first tiful Astrakhan-lined overcoat, a long Asian spokesmodel for the raincoat decorated with colorful dragluxury cosmetic brand, in ons, and a large black leather trench Beijing on November 20, 2011. — AFP coat, with a wink to the Mata-Hari of the early 20th century. —AFP
Lifestyle FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
(From right) Swami Chidanand Saraswatiji president and spiritual head of the Parmarth Niketam Ashram pours a bucket of water on the banks of the river Ganga along with international yoga practitioners Rishikesh yesterday.— AFP
he groom wore a garland made of bank notes and received a helicopter as a gift, there were 18,000 guests-or perhaps it was 30,000 — and 1,000 workers took 40 days to prepare the venue. The exact details have been ﬁercely disputed, but Thursday’s newspapers in New Delhi were all in agreement that this had been one very big, very fat Indian wedding. Lalit Tanwar married his bride Yogita Jaunapuria at a family farmhouse near the city in a ceremony Tuesday celebrated with 100 dishes, 12 giant TV screens to broadcast proceedings, and even a gift of $5,500 for the groom’s barber. The Times of India calculated the cost of the extravaganza uniting two inﬂuential political families at one billion rupees ($22 million), while the Mail Today went for the less
Fools celebrate in the streets of Cologne, western Germany, after the official opening of the hot carnival season on 11 past 11 o’clock on March 3, 2011. The hot carnival season started yesterday with the women’s carnival day and ends on March 9, 2011 with Ash Wednesday. — AFP
he Himalayan town of Rishikesh in northern India is welcoming hundreds of foreign tourists for its annual yoga festival, with visitors keen to learn the ancient art by the sacred River Ganges. “Yoga doesn’t ﬂow in our veins like it does in Indians so I came here to go back to basics,” said French yoga teacher Juliette Allard, 38, who lives in Barcelona and has been coming to the festival for the last three years.”Rishikesh is yoga paradise,” she told AFP. Visitors from 36 countries have brought their yoga mats to learn about breathing, posture, chanting and nutrition from experts in all types of yoga in classes that start at 4:00 am and continue until sunset. Alcohol and smoking are banned in cafes and restaurants throughout the town, as is meat, so as not to disturb the participants’ “chakras”-the seven major centers of spiritual energy in the body according to yoga philosophy. “It’s so inspiring to come here where yoga has its roots,” said Daniela Lobeira, a 41-year-old from Mexico
conservative ﬁgure of $55 million. “I don’t understand why there is so much hoopla about this marriage,” the groom’s father, Kanwar Singh Tanwar, told the Times. “All estimates of this marriage in the media are speculation.” In the Indian Express, he was quoted as saying: “True, a Bell 429 helicopter was given but it was a simple wedding.” Kanwar Tanwar is a hugely wealthy city politician from the ruling Congress party, while the bride’s father is a former politician in the capital-making the arranged marriage a perfect power deal. The media recorded each lavish detail with a mixture of shock and delight. The Hindustan Times reported that at a pre-wedding ceremony last week 2,000 guests were each given a silver biscuit, a safari suit and $500 in cash, while at a diﬀerent ritual the bride’s family welcomed
who works in animal protection. The festival, which began on Tuesday, is now in its 12th year with tourists paying $600 to attend. The Beatles visited Rishikesh in 1968 to learn about transcendental meditation from the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, helping to popularize ideas about Indian spirituality. One US yoga teacher wearing a turban and calling herself Gurmukh Kaur Kalsa, attributed the presence of so many foreigners not just to yoga’s increasing popularity abroad but also to “the absence of inner peace in the West”. “In Western countries, we try to get a good education, to make a lot of money, we don’t ﬁnd peace, we get sick,” said Kalsa, who runs two yoga centers in New York and Los Angeles. “But today priorities have changed: we now want to feel better, be closer to ourself. That’s what yoga is.”—AFP
the groom with gifts worth $5 million. The newly-weds, both 26, were heralded on Tuesday night by ﬂowers and lights bedecking three kilometers (two miles) of roads leading to the function, where no meat or alcohol were served in line with Hindu tradition. However the groom’s new $8 million ﬁve-seater helicopter could not be present due to ﬂight regulations, and instead he was given its keys and a small silver replica. Celebrations are set to continue with another reception on Thursday and a ﬁnal gathering on Sunday at a ﬁve-star hotel attended by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Bollywood stars such as Shah Rukh Khan and Aishwarya Rai. — AFP
Stars FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Aries (March 21-April 19) There is an inevitable change coming with regard to your career. Your business status and social status will improve soon. Luck is in your corner today, increasing your earning power. Opportunities are available now for your consideration. You may not want to throw all your energy into any particular direction, but you will want to sit down and compare your choices. This is a period where good feelings among friends prevail and should be enjoyed. Leisure activity among friends or family will happen often this month. Your spiritual life and your ESP are growing by leaps and bounds. Keep track of your dreams; they may be teaching dreams and your notes will be revealing. There is positive information regarding a past investment.
Taurus (April 20-May 20)
Business gets the green light today, in all sorts of ways. This is a great time to be with others and to work together. Whether you are in sales or not, you may come up with an idea that will push your company into better business; everyone will listen. You may be sought after as just the person for a particular job. This is a time for getting ahead, and a time you will enjoy your career and savor its rewards. Perhaps this is also a good time to think and study—you have a real appreciation for ideas and thoughts. Improved and revised contracts have the positive go-ahead. There is a sense of testing the limits in some areas of your life. Showcase your talents and abilities by taking a few creative risks from now until the end of this month.
Gemini (May 21-June 20)
Your work can be a source of enjoyment, or may provide a chance to experience something rewarding. Luck and optimism prevails all day long. Life just seems to go your way. This is a period emphasizing an enhanced sense of personal possibilities. During this time, additional responsibilities may be placed on you in the context of the home setting. Also, you should open up to relatives since it is a good time for emotional support. You have an opportunity to attract new friends and people of the opposite sex. You may feel the need to secure your own feelings about yourself through another person by improving your looks or by flirting. Self-esteem, however, begins from within you. Relax, meditate and seek answers from within.
Cancer (June 21-July 22)
Vibrations encourage you to be expressive in your work. You don’t feel pressured today and it is easy to take advantage of all the opportunities for advancement that are available now. Your energy is high and your creative juices are flowing, ready to be applied to the work at hand. If you give your best effort now, considerable success may follow. Your desire for self-expression and originality is accented. Be wise in the balance of your time. There is a strong wish to make your surroundings as pleasant as possible. You could keep notes on some changes you would like to make so when the time is right your ideas will be more in focus. Concentrate on one thing at a time. Good conversations and interactions with your loved one(s) is possible this evening.
Leo (July 23-August 22)
You may appear very at ease and loose today. However, you should avoid excessive risks. Everything seems to be working together and you may find yourself expressive and able to communicate well. This is a great time to be with others and to work together. You may be sought after as just the person for a particular job. You may personally feel your work is not up to par, even though your management and objective abilities are in high focus. Money trends for you will be best realized after the twentieth of this month. Perseverance should be exercised as much as possible—slow and steady win the race. You could feel moved to give a friend an encouraging word this afternoon. This evening is a great time to enjoy your friends.
Virgo (August 23-September 22)
There is an urge today to be recognized by your co-workers for your hard work. This may mean you had a recent job upgrade or some other change you had been working to achieve. There is a possibility that during this time, work as a whole will come under scrutiny and you will need to feel secure in the professional realm. You have a natural sense of what the public wants and can step in to provide it or to point in the right direction. This clearly is what puts you in demand when it comes to sales and service. Use your friends and family to enjoy expressions of happiness—singing, whistling, etc. There is a romantic tie that will give you a boost now. At home this evening, you give as well as receive support and respect. Someone gives you flowers.
Libra (September 23-October 22) Shake hands with a firm but appropriate handshake today. Be courteous and attentive to those that come into your arena. First impressions at work are very important just now. You will be able to tackle tasks that require real discipline or organization. It is time to speak up for yourself in the areas of investments, collection of debts from others, as well as the payment of debts—make a show of responsibility. Others may find you in a very practical mood. Your mind could be quite clear and natural just now. Ideas are flowing and could come with ease; you can talk, talk, talk. You express strength in the workplace and can solve problems successfully. A clear understanding of where your limitations and expectations are is important at home as well.
Scorpio (October 23-November 21)
Today, customers seem to be eating out-of-your-hands, so to speak. There is a magnetic sort of attraction the minute a customer walks in the building where you work. It doesn’t matter whether you are selling cars or next Christmas’ greeting cards; your methods win over any other. You are certainly noticed today, regardless of what you do. You are at your most practical when it comes to dealing and working with others. You know just what to do and can act without haste and emotion. You are called on to make use of your natural abilities and common sense. You will make career gains by your ability to sense quality and choose accordingly. Mental patterns and communication skills play a major role in your life now. Everyone enjoys your sense of humor.
Sagittarius (November 22-December 21)
Right now, you are prone to unwise spending habits—take care to plan a budget and stick to it. You must look at money as though it were energy. Whatever you buy will take a certain percent of your energy to pay for it. Delay large purchases for a few more days. You are a dedicated professional and enjoy being successful. At this time, however, you must take care to not use other people as steppingstones to your success, for that may be your inclination at this time—although not a conscious act. Try to establish and maintain a team attitude. Winning the hearts of others can be a challenge you are eager to accept—and the thrill of the chase might be most of the fun. Is it the pursuit of happiness—or the happiness of pursuit?
Capricorn (December 22-January 19)
A good friend or counselor will listen to your emotional issues today. When you repress these issues you can make yourself ill. Expressing your emotions to the wrong people may be just as bad—careful. Some sort of temporary obstacle may block your progress. Remember, the word here is temporary. Creating a structure to empower and maintain your ideals and principles becomes a high priority—an article of faith. By taking on greater responsibilities of this kind, you become an inspiration. You will have the next few months to adjust to some recent changes in the workplace—and this is good. You will enjoy an interesting change of ideas and conversation with a friend this afternoon. You may see the family circle increase through marriage.
Aquarius (January 20- February 18)
The morning hours are your best time for making important phone calls and for impressing others. Your powers of concentration are excellent. You will make major progress with a research or study project. You may find yourself standing in a long line to purchase concert tickets during your noon break. In business, particularly this afternoon, refrain from pushing your ideas too hard. The more low-key you play your position the more others desire to know your viewpoint. You may find yourself helping a young person with their schoolwork this afternoon—careful, you could end up doing most of the work. The people dear to your heart are emphasized this evening. Time spent at home tonight may prove most rewarding.
Pisces (February 19-March 20)
Career growth comes from building your knowledge and expressing your enthusiasm. Writing, speaking or other communicative talents will open up opportunities for you to network. You may need to be available today for a relative or co-worker that is feeling ill. This is temporary, but you will be able to lend a helping hand. You may enjoy a career in which you have free expression for your emotions. Perhaps a business in the arts is preferable. Be wise and give yourself time and space to recoup from your busy schedule. Consider one or two instead of five or six different goals—aim for a balance. The young people around you and under your care are influenced by your expression of compassion and patience. You also teach through example.
COUNTRY CODES Afghanistan 0093 Albania 00355 Algeria 00213 Andorra 00376 Angola 00244 Anguilla 001264 Antiga 001268 Argentina 0054 Armenia 00374 Australia 0061 Austria 0043 Bahamas 001242 Bahrain 00973 Bangladesh 00880 Barbados 001246 Belarus 00375 Belgium 0032 Belize 00501 Benin 00229 Bermuda 001441 Bhutan 00975 Bolivia 00591 Bosnia 00387 Botswana 00267 Brazil 0055 Brunei 00673 Bulgaria 00359 Burkina 00226 Burundi 00257 Cambodia 00855 Cameroon 00237 Canada 001 Cape Verde 00238 Cayman Islands 001345 Central African Republic 00236 Chad 00235 Chile 0056 China 0086 Colombia 0057 Comoros 00269 Congo 00242 Cook Islands 00682 Costa Rica 00506 Croatia 00385 Cuba 0053 Cyprus 00357 Cyprus (Northern) 0090392 Czech Republic 00420 Denmark 0045 Diego Garcia 00246 Djibouti 00253 Dominica 001767 Dominican Republic 001809 Ecuador 00593 Egypt 0020 El Salvador 00503 England (UK) 0044 Equatorial Guinea 00240 Eritrea 00291 Estonia 00372 Ethiopia 00251 Falkland Islands 00500 Faroe Islands 00298 Fiji 00679 Finland 00358 France 0033 French Guiana 00594 French Polynesia 00689 Gabon 00241 Gambia 00220 Georgia 00995 Germany 0049 Ghana 00233 Gibraltar 00350 Greece 0030 Greenland 00299 Grenada 001473 Guadeloupe 00590 Guam 001671 Guatemala 00502 Guinea 00224 Guyana 00592 Haiti 00509 Holland (Netherlands)0031 Honduras 00504 Hong Kong 00852 Hungary 0036 Ibiza (Spain) 0034 Iceland 00354 India 0091 Indian Ocean 00873 Indonesia 0062 Iran 0098 Iraq 00964 Ireland 00353 Italy 0039 Ivory Coast 00225 Jamaica 001876 Japan 0081 Jordan 00962 Kazakhstan 007 Kenya 00254 Kiribati 00686
Kuwait 00965 Kyrgyzstan 00996 Laos 00856 Latvia 00371 Lebanon 00961 Liberia 00231 Libya 00218 Lithuania 00370 Luxembourg 00352 Macau 00853 Macedonia 00389 Madagascar 00261 Majorca 0034 Malawi 00265 Malaysia 0060 Maldives 00960 Mali 00223 Malta 00356 Marshall Islands 00692 Martinique 00596 Mauritania 00222 Mauritius 00230 Mayotte 00269 Mexico 0052 Micronesia 00691 Moldova 00373 Monaco 00377 Mongolia 00976 Montserrat 001664 Morocco 00212 Mozambique 00258 Myanmar (Burma) 0095 Namibia 00264 Nepal 00977 Netherlands (Holland)0031 Netherlands Antilles 00599 New Caledonia 00687 New Zealand 0064 Nicaragua 00505 Nigar 00227 Nigeria 00234 Niue 00683 Norfolk Island 00672 Northern Ireland (UK)0044 North Korea 00850 Norway 0047 Oman 00968 Pakistan 0092 Palau 00680 Panama 00507 Papua New Guinea 00675 Paraguay 00595 Peru 0051 Philippines 0063 Poland 0048 Portugal 00351 Puerto Rico 001787 Qatar 00974 Romania 0040 Russian Federation 007 Rwanda 00250 Saint Helena 00290 Saint Kitts 001869 Saint Lucia 001758 Saint Pierre 00508 Saint Vincent 001784 Samoa US 00684 Samoa West 00685 San Marino 00378 Sao Tone 00239 Saudi Arabia 00966 Scotland (UK) 0044 Senegal 00221 Seychelles 00284 Sierra Leone 00232 Singapore 0065 Slovakia 00421 Slovenia 00386 Solomon Islands 00677 Somalia 00252 South Africa 0027 South Korea 0082 Spain 0034 Sri Lanka 0094 Sudan 00249 Suriname 00597 Swaziland 00268 Sweden 0046 Switzerland 0041 Syria 00963 Taiwan 00886 Tanzania 00255 Thailand 0066 Toga 00228 Tonga 00676 Tokelau 00690 Trinidad 001868 Tunisia 00216 Turkey 0090 Tuvalu 00688 Uganda 00256 Ukraine 00380 United Arab Emirates00976
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
ssemblies of GOD Church Kuwait arranged a family picnic at Rawda Park on February 17th. Rev P K Johnson inaugurated the picnic. K C Johnson, Binoy Yohannan, William Kungu and Philly Koshy coordinated the program. Variety games and activities made it a memorable event for all the participants. The winners of all the games were rewarded with presents.
undreds of tiny tots wearing costumes that have the combinations of colors of red, green, white and black stood on either side of the corridors, waving the Kuwait’s National Flag, chanting the slogan ‘Long Live Kuwait’ in unison when the Brigadier Matouq A Al Aslawi, Deputy General Manager of National Security, Kuwait walked along the corridor to join the gala celebration on 21st February,2011 at the premises of India International School, Mangaf, Kuwait. The whole campus of India International School wore a grand festival look. All the corridors and the classrooms were decorated with red, green, white and black festoons , balloons and garlands reﬂecting the festival mood of Kuwaiti people. It was a wonderful sight to look at the ﬂuttering Kuwaiti Flags not only in the tiny hands of children but also on their plump cheeks The patriotic song, ‘Watanil Habibi’ sung by the tiny tots chased away the chillness and warmed the spirit of everyone present in the momentous morning.
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LDP celebrates Mother Language Day
s a Part of OMAR EKUSHE (International Mother Language Day), Liberal Democratic Forum (Kuwait Chapter) held a discussion in Murgab Gulshan Rest hall on 2nd Feb 2011. The Program commenced with the recitation From the Holy Quran. The Gen Secretary of the Party Bandan Nath welcomed the gathering followed by the presidential address by Haji Jafar Ahmed Chy. It was a unique program due to its focus and orientation of Bangladesh ‘Omar Ekushe February’. Jafar Ahmed delivered a brieﬁng about the history of this great day and told the audience to keep in mind events- for example the killing of four students on February 21, 1952, because they fought to formally bring into play their mother language, Bengali in Bangladesh. International Mother Language Day is observed yearly by UNESCO member states and at its command centre to encourage linguistic and cultural assortment and multilingualism. International Mother Language Day is a civic holiday in Bangladesh, where it is also known as Shohid Dibosh, or Shaheed Day. It is a worldwide adherence but not a public holiday in other parts of the globe. A huge gathering of Bangladeshi nationals attended the event including prominent personalities from the social, cultural and academic ﬁelds.
he US Embassy in Kuwait reminds individuals to use caution when working with private entities to apply for visas to the United States, as reports of fraudulent emails, websites, and print advertisements oﬀering visa services are on the rise. In particular, one widespread Diversity Visa (DV) scam e-mail instructs recipients to send money via Western Union to a ﬁctitious person at the U.S. Embassy in London. If you have received this e-mail, you have been targeted by con artists. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES should money be sent to any address for participation in the DV Lottery. The Department of State’s Kentucky Consular Center (KCC) does not send e-mail notiﬁcation to DV entrants informing them of their winning entries. DV-2012 applicants will never receive correspondence containing information on an applicant’s status, but will only receive notiﬁcation directing them to check their status on the oﬃcial website. The only oﬃcial way to receive status updates is through the DV program website at www.dvlottery.state.gov. Many private websites oﬀer legitimate services to assist individuals in applying for visas, but some illegitimate entities claim to provide “visa services” as a cover for scams or identity theft. Some of these websites may attempt to charge a fee for providing forms and information about immigration procedures that are available to the public at no charge on the Department of State (www.state.gov) and travel.state.gov websites, or through the US Embassy Kuwait’s website. Persons who wish to apply for US visas should use caution before deciding to send via e-mail personal information such as credit card and bank account numbers. The only oﬃcial way to register for the DV program is directly through the oﬃcial US Department of State website during the speciﬁed, limited-
FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
urraaaaaaaa Daniel is 7. We wish you happy birthday and God’s blessings. Greetings from Dad, Mom, Vanessa, friends and well-wishers.
Embassy Information EMBASSY OF BRITAIN The opening hours of the Visa Application Centre are 0930-1630. Application forms remain available online from the UKBAs’ website: www.ukba.homeoﬃce.gov.uk or from the Visa Application Centre’s website: www.vfs-uk-kw.com And also, from the UK Visa Application Centre located at: 413, First Floor, Al Banwan Building (Burgan Bank Branch Oﬃce Building), Al Qibla area, opposite Central Bank of Kuwait, Kuwait City. For any further inquiries, please contact the Visa Application Centre: Website: www.vfs-uk-kw.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Telephone: 22971170 The Consular Section will also be closed on the same dates. For information on the British Embassy services, visit the British Embassy website: www.ukinkuwait.fco.gov.uk
EMBASSY OF INDIA
time registration period. The DV program oﬀers up to 55,000 visa slots annually for people who wish to apply for immigration to the United States. Applicants selected in the random drawing are notiﬁed by the U.S. Department of State and are provided with instructions on how to proceed to the next step in the process. No other organization or private company is authorized by the US Department of State to notify DV program applicants of their winning entries or the next steps in the process of applying for their immigrant visas. Successful DV-2011 applicants already have been notiﬁed by KCC by letter, not by email. DV-2011 entrants also can check the status of their entries at http://www.dvlottery.state.gov until June 30, 2011. Entrants will not be asked to send money to the KCC or any U.S. embassy or consulate. Entrants who completed the online DV2012 entries will not receive notiﬁcation letters from KCC. Rather, they must check the status of their entries themselves through the Entrant Status Check available at http://www.dvlottery.state.gov between May 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012. To report incidents of visa fraud, please contact the Embassy via email at ConsularKuwait@state.gov. Images of US emblems such as ﬂags, eagles, monuments, or oﬃcial seals do not necessarily indicate a US Government website. A domain name of “.gov” ensures that a website is a legitimate U.S. Government site where the information is free and up-todate. Complaints about unwanted e-mails that may be scams can be sent to the US Department of Justice at www.usdoj.gov/spam.htm
The Embassy of India has further revamped and improved its Legal Advice Clinic at the Indian Workers Welfare Center, and made the free service available to Indian nationals on all five working days, i.e. from Sunday to Thursday every week. Kuwaiti lawyers would be available at the Legal Advice Clinic daily from Monday to Thursday, while Indian lawyers would be available on Sundays. Following are the free welfare services provided at the Indian Workers Welfare Center located at the Embassy of India: [i] 24x7 Helpline for Domestic Workers: Accessible by toll free telephone no. 25674163 from anywhere in Kuwait, it provides information and advice exclusively to Indian domestic sector workers (Visa No. 20) as regards their grievances, immigration and other matters. [ii] Help Desk: It offers guidance to Indian nationals on routine immigration, employment, legal, and other issues (Embassy premises; 9 AM to 1 PM and 2 PM to 4.30 PM, Sunday to Thursday); (iii) Labour Complaints Desk: It registers labor complaints and provides grievance redressal service to Indian workers (Embassy premises; 9 AM to 1 PM and 2 PM to 4.30 PM, Sunday to Thursday); (iv) Shelters: For female and male domestic workers in distress; (v) Legal Advice Clinic: Provides free legal advice to Indian nationals (Embassy premises; Kuwaiti lawyers 3 PM to 5 PM, Monday to Thursday; Indian lawyers 2 PM to 4 PM on Sunday); and (vi) Attestation of Work Contracts: Private sector worker (Visa No. 18) contracts are accepted at the Embassy; 9 AM to 1 PM; Sunday to Thursday; Domestic sector worker (Visa No. 20) contracts are accepted at Kuwait Union of Domestic Labor Offices (KUDLO), Hawally, Al-Othman Street, Kurd Roundabout, AlAbraj Complex, Office No 9, Mezzanine Floor; 9 AM to 9 PM, Saturday to Thursday; 5 PM to 9 PM on Friday.
TV Listings FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
00:50 Untamed And Uncut 01:45 Return Of The Prime Predators 03:35 Venom Hunter With Donald Schultz 04:30 Pit Bulls And Parolees 05:25 I Shouldn’t Be Alive 06:20 Untamed And Uncut 07:10 Animal Crackers 07:35 Animal Crackers 08:00 Meerkat Manor 08:25 Planet Wild 08:50 Growing Up... Wolves 09:40 Breed All About It 10:10 Dogs 101 11:05 Return Of The Prime Predators 12:00 Animal Precinct 12:55 Wildlife SOS 13:20 Wildlife SOS 13:50 Animal Cops Philadelphia 14:45 RSPCA: Have You Got What It Takes? 15:10 E-Vets: The Interns 15:40 Wild Dog Island 17:30 Planet Wild 18:00 Breed All About It 19:20 Venom Hunter With Donald Schultz 20:15 Escape To Chimp Eden 20:40 The Snake Buster 21:10 Dogs 101 22:05 Austin Stevens Adventures 23:00 Whale Wars 23:55 Buggin’ With Ruud
00:30 01:00 01:30 02:15 03:10 03:40 04:10 04:40 05:00 05:20 05:40 05:50 05:55 06:10 06:30 06:50 07:10 07:20 07:25 07:40 08:00 08:20 08:40 08:50 08:55 09:10 09:30 09:50 10:10 10:20 10:25 10:40 11:40 12:25 13:15 13:45 14:15 15:10 16:40 17:30 18:15 18:45 19:15 20:10 21:00 21:45 22:15 23:00 23:15 23:45
00:05 02:10 02:35 03:20 04:05 06:10 07:00 07:50 08:20 09:10 10:00 10:40 11:10
My Family Last Of The Summer Wine The Weakest Link Casualty Eastenders Doctors Last Of The Summer Wine Balamory Tweenies Fimbles Little Robots The Adventures Of Spot Penelope K, By The Way Balamory Tweenies Fimbles Little Robots The Adventures Of Spot Penelope K, By The Way Balamory Tweenies Fimbles Little Robots The Adventures Of Spot Penelope K, By The Way Balamory Tweenies Fimbles Little Robots The Adventures Of Spot Penelope K, By The Way Last Of The Summer Wine The Weakest Link Full Circle With Michael Palin Doctors Eastenders Casualty Last Of The Summer Wine Full Circle With Michael Palin The Weakest Link Doctors Eastenders Casualty Full Circle With Michael Palin The Weakest Link Doctors Doctor Who Doctor Who Conﬁdential After You’ve Gone Mutual Friends
The Naked Chef What Not To Wear Design Star Design Star The Naked Chef Antiques Roadshow Superhomes The Naked Chef 10 Years Younger Antiques Roadshow Fantasy Homes In The City Daily Cooks Challenge What Not To Wear
13:10 13:30 13:55 14:20 14:40 14:55 15:20 16:00 16:25 17:08 17:10 18:00 18:42 18:45 20:10 20:25 20:50 21:12 21:15 21:35 22:00 22:25 22:50 23:15
Hannah Montana SONNY WITH A CHANCE YR 2 WIZARDS OF WAVERLY PLACE JAKE & BLAKE HAVE A LAUGH A KIND OF MAGIC GOOD LUCK CHARLIE SHAKE IT UP SUITE LIFE ON DECK S3 HAVE A LAUGH SUITE LIFE ON DECK S3 SONNY WITH A CHANCE YR 2 HAVE A LAUGH 16 WISHES Phineas & Ferb SHAKE IT UP FISH HOOKS HAVE A LAUGH JAKE & BLAKE JAKE & BLAKE JAKE & BLAKE JAKE & BLAKE SONNY WITH A CHANCE YR 2 WIZARDS OF WAVERLY PLACE
00:15 00:40 01:05 01:30 02:20 03:15 04:10 05:05 05:30 06:00 07:45 08:10 08:35 09:25 10:15 12:00 12:50 13:15 14:05 14:30 15:25 16:15 16:40 17:10 18:00 18:50 19:15 19:40 20:30 20:55 21:20 22:10 23:00 23:25 23:50
Kendra Fashion Police Extreme Close-Up E!es THS 25 Most Stylish Sexiest Battle Of The Hollywood Hotties Streets Of Hollywood THS Behind The Scenes Behind The Scenes E! News Kimora: Life In The Fab Lane 20 Acts Of Love Gone Wrong E! News Extreme Close-Up Fashion Police Kendra E!es E!es Behind The Scenes Behind The Scenes Keeping Up With The Kardashians E! News Fashion Police Style Star THS Behind The Scenes Chelsea Lately Fashion Police E! News Chelsea Lately Fashion Police Kourtney And Khloe Take Miami
00:40 01:05 01:30 01:55 02:45 03:35 04:25 05:15 05:40 06:05 06:30 06:50 07:35 08:00 08:50 09:15 09:40 10:05 10:30 10:55 11:20 11:45 12:10 12:35 13:25 13:50 14:15 14:40 15:30 15:55 16:20 16:45 17:35 18:00 18:25 18:50 19:15 20:05 20:30 20:55 21:20 21:45 22:10
Good Eats - Special Unwrapped Diners, Drive-Ins And Dives Throwdown With Bobby Flay Ultimate Recipe Showdown Unwrapped Food Network Caters Your Wedding Good Eats - Special Unwrapped Ten Dollar Dinners Paula’s Best Dishes Paula’s Party Barefoot Contessa Chopped Guy’s Big Bite Boy Meets Grill Good Deal With Dave Lieberman Ten Dollar Dinners Paula’s Best Dishes Barefoot Contessa Diners, Drive-Ins And Dives Throwdown With Bobby Flay Unwrapped Paula’s Party Good Eats - Special Paula’s Best Dishes Throwdown With Bobby Flay Ultimate Recipe Showdown Diners, Drive-Ins And Dives Unwrapped Boy Meets Grill Chopped Paula’s Best Dishes Barefoot Contessa Good Deal With Dave Lieberman Ten Dollar Dinners Paula’s Party Good Eats - Special Guy’s Big Bite Throwdown With Bobby Flay Barefoot Contessa Barefoot Contessa - Back To Basics Boy Meets Grill
The Hurt Locker on OSN Movies HD 12:00 12:50 13:30 14:20 15:50 16:40 17:35 18:25 18:55 21:00 21:45 22:35
00:40 01:35 02:30 03:00 03:25 04:20 05:15 05:40 06:05 07:00 07:50 08:45 09:10 09:40 10:30 10:55 11:25 12:20 13:15 14:10 15:05 16:00 16:55 17:50 18:45 19:10
Antiques Roadshow Fantasy Homes In The City Glamour Puds Daily Cooks Challenge Antiques Roadshow Daily Cooks Challenge Bargain Hunt Daily Cooks Challenge The Naked Chef Design Star Superhomes Cash In The Attic
Hot Rod Apprentice: Hard Shine Dirty Jobs Destroyed In Seconds Destroyed In Seconds Speed Machines Mythbusters How Does It Work? How It’s Made Dirty Jobs Speed Machines American Chopper How Does It Work? How It’s Made Mythbusters Cake Boss Border Security Hot Rod Apprentice: Hard Shine Ultimate Survival Mythbusters Miami Ink Dirty Jobs Hot Rod Apprentice: Hard Shine Mythbusters Deadliest Catch Cake Boss Border Security
19:40 20:05 20:35 21:00 21:30 21:55 Junior 22:50 23:45
00:40 01:30 01:55 02:45 03:35 04:25 04:50 05:45 06:40 07:10 08:00 08:55 09:50 10:45 11:10 11:40 12:30 12:55 13:45 14:15 15:05 15:55 16:20 17:10 18:00 18:25 18:50 19:40 20:05
Deconstruction How Does It Work? How It’s Made Fifth Gear Fifth Gear American Chopper: Senior vs Battle Machine Bros La Ink
Kings Of Construction The Gadget Show Bad Universe Weird Or What? Science Of The Movies How Stuﬀ’s Made Junkyard Wars Robotica Weird Connections Creatures Inside Us Da Vinci’s Machines Mars: The Quest For Life Weird Or What? Stunt Junkies The Gadget Show Creatures Inside Us How Does That Work? Da Vinci’s Machines Weird Connections Weird Or What? Science Of The Movies Savage Planet Bad Universe Kings Of Construction The Gadget Show How Stuﬀ’s Made Brainiac Sci-Fi Science Sci-Fi Science
20:30 Through The Wormhole With Morgan Freeman 21:20 How It’s Made 21:45 The Gadget Show 22:10 Creating Synthetic Life 23:00 Sci-Fi Science 23:25 Sci-Fi Science 23:50 Through The Wormhole With Morgan Freeman
00:00 Kim Possible 00:25 FAIRLY ODD PARENTS 01:15 STITCH 02:00 Replacements 02:50 FAIRLY ODD PARENTS 03:35 STITCH 04:25 Replacements 05:15 Emperors New School 06:00 Phineas & Ferb 06:45 Kim Possible 07:05 SONNY WITH A CHANCE YR 2 07:30 JONAS LA 07:55 WIZARDS OF WAVERLY PLACE 08:20 FAIRLY ODD PARENTS 08:35 MICKEY MOUSE CLUBHOUSE Y1 (CEMA) 09:00 Handy Manny 09:25 SPECIAL AGENT OSO 09:50 JUNGLE JUNCTION 10:10 IMAGINATION MOVERS 10:35 SPECIAL AGENT OSO 10:50 Handy Manny 11:15 MICKEY MOUSE CLUBHOUSE Y1 (CEMA) 11:35 GOOD LUCK CHARLIE 12:00 SHAKE IT UP 12:24 HAVE A LAUGH 12:25 FAIRLY ODD PARENTS 12:45 Phineas & Ferb
00:40 01:30 02:20 03:10 04:00 04:50 05:45 06:15 07:10 08:00 08:50 09:40 10:30 10:55 11:20 12:10 13:00 13:50 14:40 15:30 15:55 16:20 17:10 18:00 18:50 19:40 20:30 20:55 21:20 22:10 23:00 23:50
Dr G: Medical Examiner The Haunted A Haunting Dr G: Medical Examiner Dr G: Medical Examiner Dr G: Medical Examiner Ghosthunters The Haunted Mystery Diagnosis Forensic Detectives Unsolved Crimes: USA Mystery Diagnosis Real Emergency Calls Real Emergency Calls Royal Inquest FBI Files Murder Shift The Prosecutors Mystery Diagnosis Real Emergency Calls Real Emergency Calls Royal Inquest Forensic Detectives Unsolved Crimes: USA FBI Files Mystery Diagnosis Real Emergency Calls Real Emergency Calls Murder Shift The Prosecutors FBI Case Files Disappeared
00:00 01:00 02:00 03:00 03:30 04:00 05:00 06:00 06:30 07:00 08:00 09:00 09:30 10:00 11:00 12:00 12:30 13:00 14:00 15:00 15:30 16:00 17:00 18:00 18:30 19:00 20:00 21:00 21:30 22:00 23:00
On Surfari Banged Up Abroad Bondi Rescue On Surfari On Surfari Banged Up Abroad Bondi Rescue On Surfari On Surfari Banged Up Abroad Bondi Rescue On Surfari On Surfari Banged Up Abroad By Any Means Market Values Weird And Wonderful Hotels Banged Up Abroad By Any Means Market Values Weird And Wonderful Hotels Banged Up Abroad By Any Means Market Values Weird And Wonderful Hotels Banged Up Abroad By Any Means Market Values Weird And Wonderful Hotels Banged Up Abroad By Any Means
00:00 01:00 02:00 03:00 Barr 04:00 05:00 06:00 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 15:00 16:00 Barr 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 Barr 22:00
World’s Deadliest Animals Hooked The Kawaii Wild Dangerous Encounters With Brady
00:00 01:45 04:15 06:00 08:00 10:30
Diary Of The Dead-18 Bad Boys II-PG15 Underworld: Rise Of The Lycans-18 Shinjuku Incident-PG15 Armageddon-PG15 Face Oﬀ-PG15
Built For The Kill The Living Edens Animal Paparazzi Wild Freaks Malaysia’s Most Wanted Animals Hunter Hunted World’s Deadliest Caught In The Act The Kawaii Wild Wild Freaks Malaysia’s Most Wanted Animals Dangerous Encounters With Brady Wild Freaks Animal Paparazzi Wild Freaks Malaysia’s Most Wanted Animals Dangerous Encounters With Brady World’s Deadliest
TV Listings FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
12:45 14:15 16:45 18:30 20:00 22:00
Journey To The Center Of The Earth Armageddon-PG15 Obsessed-PG15 Journey To The Center Of The EarthTears Of The Sun-18 The Ruins-R
01:15 Say It In Russian-18 03:00 Chatterbox-PG 05:00 Lucky Break-PG15 07:00 Curious George: Follow That Monkey-PG 09:00 Pirates Who Don’t Do Anything-PG 11:00 The Dust Factory-PG15 13:00 The Last Song-PG15 15:00 Harold-PG15 17:00 Love Happens-PG15 19:00 The Stepfather-PG15 21:00 Funny People-18 23:30 Whiteout-18
00:30 The Daily Show With Jon Stewart 01:00 The Colbert Report 01:30 Boondocks 02:00 30 Rock 02:30 Community 03:00 Sarah Silverman Program 03:30 Hung 04:00 Boondocks 04:30 The Tonight Show With Jay Leno 05:30 Coach 06:00 Yes Dear 06:30 The Drew Carey Show 07:00 Late Night With Jimmy Fallon 08:00 According To Jim 08:30 Coach 09:00 Just Shoot Me 09:30 The Drew Carey Show 10:00 Yes Dear 10:30 30 Rock 11:00 Coach 11:30 According To Jim 12:00 The Tonight Show With Jay Leno 13:00 Just Shoot Me 13:30 Coach 14:00 Yes Dear 14:30 Community 15:00 30 Rock 15:30 The Daily Show With Jon Stewart 16:00 The Colbert Report 16:30 The Drew Carey Show 17:00 Late Night With Jimmy Fallon 18:00 Family Biz 18:30 The New Adventures Of Old Christine 19:00 Outsourced 19:30 The Oﬃce 20:00 The Tonight Show With Jay Leno 21:00 The Daily Show With Jon Stewart 21:30 The Colbert Report 22:00 Nut Case 22:30 Weeds 23:00 Boondocks 23:30 Late Night With Jimmy Fallon
00:00 01:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 07:00 08:00 08:30 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 14:00 15:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 22:00 23:00
The Ellen Degeneres Show American Idol Bones The Gates Good Morning America One Tree Hill Emmerdale Turn Back Your Body Clock The Martha Stewart Show The View The Gates American Idol One Tree Hill Live Good Morning America The Ellen Degeneres Show Psych No Ordinary Family American Idol Survivor: Redemption One Tree Hill
00:00 01:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 06:00 07:00 07:30 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 11:30 12:00 14:00 15:00 16:00
House American Idol The Gates Bones House The Ellen Degeneres Show My Boys Two And A Half Men Cold Case House The Ellen Degeneres Show My Boys Two And A Half Men American Idol Cold Case House 30 Rock
16:30 17:00 18:00 18:30 19:00 20:00 22:00 23:00
Two And A Half Men The Ellen Degeneres Show How I Met Your Mother How I Met Your Mother No Ordinary Family American Idol Survivor: Redemption The Ellen Degeneres Show
01:00 03:00 05:00 07:00 09:00 11:00 13:00 15:00 17:00 19:00 21:00 23:00
Alone In The Dark 2-18 Punisher: War Zone-18 Friday The 13th-18 Wushu Warrior-PG15 The Truth About Charlie-PG15 The Marine 2-PG15 Lost Junction-PG15 The Truth About Charlie-PG15 The Italian Job (2003)-PG15 Death Race-18 XXX-PG15 Clive Barker’s Book Of Blood-R
11:30 13:00 15:00 17:00 19:00 21:00 23:00
Sticks And Stones-PG A Shine Of Rainbows-PG15 Living Proof-PG The Missing Person-PG15 Hamlet-PG15 Chicago-PG15 The Reckoning-18
01:00 03:00 05:15 07:00 09:00 11:30 13:00 15:00 16:45 19:00 21:00 23:30
Seven Pounds-PG15 As Good As It Gets-PG15 The Tale Of Despereaux-PG Drumline-PG15 Star Trek-PG Beauty And The Beast-FAM Did You Hear About The Morgans? Solaris-PG15 Star Trek-PG All About Steve-PG15 The Hurt Locker-18 Vicky Cristina Barcelona-PG15
00:00 02:00 03:45 06:00 08:00 10:00 12:00 14:00 16:00 18:00 20:00 22:00
The Longshots-PG15 Death Becomes Her-PG15 He’s Just Not That Into You-PG15 Return To Me-PG15 Harold-PG15 School Of Rock-PG15 Hotel For Dogs-FAM America’s Sweethearts-PG15 The Longshots-PG15 Mr. Baseball-PG Go-18 Lesbian Vampire Killers-18
00:00 The Three Musketeers-PG 02:00 Scooby-Doo And The Reluctant Werewolf-FAM 04:00 War Of The Buttons-PG 06:00 Dinosaur Island-PG 08:00 The Jungle Book I-FAM 10:00 Beauty And The Beast-FAM 12:00 Scooby-Doo And The Reluctant Werewolf-FAM 14:00 War Of The Buttons-PG 16:00 The Trumpet Of The Swan-FAM 18:00 Beauty And The Beast-FAM 20:00 The Enchanted Mountain-PG 22:00 Christopher Columbus-PG
01:00 02:45 05:00 07:00 09:00
Fascination-18 Milk-18 The Sisters-18 The Brothers Bloom-PG15 The Express-PG
00:00 Sex And Lies In Sin City-18 02:00 Emotional Arithmetic-PG15 04:00 Alice In Wonderland-PG 06:00 Before You Say I Do-PG15 08:00 Alvin And The Chipmunks: The Squeakquel-FAM
10:00 Mee Shee-PG 12:00 Alice In Wonderland-PG 14:00 Dean Spanley-PG 16:00 Alvin And The Chipmunks: The Squeakquel-FAM 18:00 Ghosts Of Girlfriends Past-PG15 20:00 The Hurt Locker-18 22:30 Taking Woodstock-18
01:00 05:00 05:30 06:30 07:00 11:00 11:30 13:30 14:00 14:30 15:00 15:30 16:30 17:00 18:00 18:30 19:30 20:00 22:00 22:30 23:00
Dubai International Racing Carnival Total Rugby Golﬁng World Futbol Mundial Dubai International Racing Carnival Total Rugby Live Super 15 Total Rugby European Tour Weekly Futbol Mundial Scottish Premier League Highlights Trans World Sport ICC Cricket World Live The All Sport Show European Tour Weekly Golﬁng World Total Rugby Live Super 15 ICC Cricket World Futbol Mundial Live Super League
00:30 01:00 01:30 03:30 05:30 06:00 07:00 08:00 10:00 12:00 13:00 13:30
ICC Cricket World European Tour Weekly Scottish Premier League Rugby League Total Rugby Ladies European Tour Highlights Golﬁng World Rugby League Scottish Premier League Golﬁng World ICC Cricket World Super 15
Punisher: War Zone on OSN Movie Action
15:30 17:30 19:30 20:30 21:00 22:00 23:00
Rugby League Scottish Premier League Golﬁng World ICC Cricket World The All Sports Show Trans World Sport Golﬁng World
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Flight Schedule FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
FOR AIRPORT INFORMATION 161
IN CASE YOU ARE NOT TRAVELLING, YOUR PROPER CANCELLATION OF BOOKINGS WILL HELP OTHER PASSENGERS TO USE SEATS. Arrival Flights on Friday 4/3/2011
227 COLOMBO / DUBAI
302 ABU DHABI
177 FRANKFURT / GENEVA
327 TUNIS / DUBAI
166 PARIS / ROME
575 CHENNAI / GOA
102 NEW YORK / LONDON
305 ABU DHABI
825 DOHA / SANAA
416 JAKARTA / KUALA LUMPUR
Airlines Flt JZR
678 MUSCAT / DUBAI
441 LAHORE / KARACHI
404 DUBAI / COLOMBO
301 ABU DHABI
304 ABU DHABI
981 WASHINGTON DC DULLES
390 MANGALORE / KOZHIKODE
982 HYDERABAD / AHMEDABAD / CHENNAI
982 WASHINGTON DC DULLES
Departure Flights on Friday 4/3/2011 Route
306 ABU DHABI
746 ABU DHABI / DAMMAM 110
150 DOHA 545 ALEXANDRIA
403 COLOMBO / DUBAI
DUBAI / KANDAHAR
303 ABU DHABI
7:10 7:50 8:00 8:20 8:25 8:55
228 DUBAI / COLOMBO
745 DAMMAM / ABU DHABI
BANGKOK / MANILA
Directorate General of Civil Aviation Home Page (www.kuwait-airport.com.kw)
FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
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Sports FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Dzinziruk to fight Martinez NEW YORK: Sergiy Dzinziruk hopes to follow in the footsteps of Sergio Martinez by defeating, well, Sergio Martinez. The junior middleweight champion from the Ukraine faces Argentina’s Martinez on March 12 from the MGM Grand Arena at Foxwoods Resort and Casino in Mashantucket, Connecticut. Dzinziruk is not well known in the United States, but neither was Martinez when he burst onto the scene a couple years ago. He also hasn’t fought at middleweight, much like Martinez had rarely touched 160 pounds (72.6 kilograms) before beating Kelly Pavlik for the title last year. “It’s a lifetime opportunity for me,” Dzinziruk said this week. “Yes, I’m a 154-pounder, but I’m going to ﬁght at 160 and let’s see what happens. I feel very conﬁdent with this weight.” Evidently, Martinez (46-2-2, 25 KOs) does as well. The WBC titleholder from Argentina is coming oﬀ a banner two-ﬁght swing at middleweight that earned him Fighter of the Year honors from most publications. He followed his bloody pounding of Pavlik by defending his title against Paul Williams last November, a stunning one-punch knockout that also earned him “Knockout of the Year” honors from most critics. Those victories, along with his movie star-like looks and natural charisma, have ﬁnally endeared him to the American ﬁght fan. It only took about 40 ﬁghts to get there. “Sergiy isn’t well known here but he is the top ‘54 pounder,” promoter Lou DiBella said. “It’s a terribly diﬃcult ﬁght for Sergio, but it’s what he wants. HBO has a very good ﬁght. I’m worried, but I have faith in my champion who understands the challenge.” It was facing some of the most dangerous boxers in the world that ﬁnally allowed Martinez to gain some acclaim, and it took moving up in weight to get a big-money ﬁght against Pavlik. Now, Dzinziruk is seeking out one of the most dangerous ﬁghters in the world in Martinez, and he too will be moving up a division to challenge for the title. Dzinziruk doesn’t seem concerned about the weight, though, as much as the man who’ll be standing across from him. “We have watched (tapes) in the past and more recently of Sergio’s ﬁghts. He is a great ﬁghter and a great champion, but there’s nothing special,” Dzinziruk said. “He is just another ﬁghter in front of me and I hope to win.” Dzinziruk (37-0, 23 KOs) built a ﬂashy record ﬁghting primarily in Poland, Germany and the Ukraine, but realized he would have to ﬁght in the U.S. to make big money. So after winning the WBO 154pound title from Daniel Santos in 2005 and defending it ﬁve times in Europe, he ﬁnally crossed over the Atlantic last year and defended it against Daniel Dawson. The 35-year-old Dzinziruk dominated the ﬁght, scoring a 10th-round knockout at the Chumash Casino in Santa Ynez, Calif. The victory was so emphatic that it won Dzinziruk numerous fans but also scared away a lot of potential opponents. He hasn’t fought since that night last May. “He’s never lost. He doesn’t know how to lose. And it’s not like he’s been protected, he’s 7-0 in world title ﬁghts,” said Josh Roy of Banner Promotions, Dzinziruk’s co-promoter. “He has made a concerted eﬀort to come here (to the United States).” And he’s hoping that another victory, this time over Martinez, will be enough to ﬁnally raise his proﬁle to the point that he believes he deserves. “Fighting is my life, my world. All I know is how to box,” Dzinziruk said. “I’m healthy, I love ﬁghting and want to win a few more titles.”—AP
ANAHEIM: Bobby Ryan No. 9 of the Anaheim Ducks carries the puck towards the goal against the Detroit Red Wings at the Honda Center. —AFP
Blackhawks keep Flames at bay CHICAGO: Jonathan Toews scored two goals as the Chicago Blackhawks held oﬀ the Calgary Flames 6-4 on Wednesday to extend their winning streak to a season-high six games. Brian Campbell, Michael Frolik, Dave Bolland and Marian Hossa also scored for surging defending Stanley Cup champion Chicago. Rene Bourque scored twice and Jarome Iginla connected once in the third period for the Flames, who fell short in trying to come back from a 4-1 deﬁcit. Alex Tanguay added a goal and an assist for Calgary, which lost in regulation for only the second time in its last eight games. Blackhawks rookie Corey Crawford made 21 saves in his ninth straight start. Ducks 2, Red Wings 1 At Anaheim, Calgary, Bobby Ryan scored from a penalty shot at 2:50 of overtime as Anaheim snapped Detroit’s ﬁvegame road winning streak with a wild victory. Ryan was hauled down on a breakaway moments after the Ducks killed oﬀ a penalty, and the American goal-scorer put a quick shot past Jimmy Howard’s glove for his 30th goal of the season. Dan Ellis made 28 saves for the Ducks, who have won two straight after a ﬁve-game skid threatened their playoﬀ chances. Jason Blake had a third-period goal for Anaheim. Pavel Datsyuk scored a second-period powerplay goal, and Howard made 26 saves for Detroit. Maple Leafs 3, Penguins 2 At Toronto, Mikhail Grabovski scored 42 seconds into overtime to give Toronto a victory over Pittsburgh. Grabovski took a nice pass from Phil Kessel, who tied it in the third period, and stuﬀed a shot behind Marc-Andre Fleury. Nikolai Kulemin also scored for the Maple Leafs. Matt Niskanen and Chris Conner scored for Pittsburgh. Devils 2, Lightning 1 At Newark, New Jersey, Ilya Kovalchuk scored his ﬁfth winning goal in the last 11 games as New Jersey continued its amazing playoﬀ push with a victory over Tampa Bay. Martin Brodeur had 15 saves and Henrik Tallinder also scored as the Devils won for the 18th time in 22 games. Dominic Moore scored for Tampa Bay, which had a threegame winning streak snapped. Islanders 4, Wild 1 At Uniondale, New York, Blake Comeau scored two goals and Al Montoya made 33 saves in non-taxing fashion to help New York beat sluggish Minnesota. Comeau, who had gone seven games without scoring, gave the Islanders a 1-0 lead in the ﬁrst period and a 3-0 edge in the second. Kyle Okposo and Andrew MacDonald added goals for New York. Niklas Backstrom lasted only until 41 seconds into the second period. He was yanked in favor of Jose Theodore after giving up three goals on 19 shots. John Madden spoiled Montoya’s shutout bid with 8:27 left.—AP
NHL results/standings NHL results and standings on Wednesday. Toronto 3, Pittsburgh 2 (OT); New Jersey 2, Tampa Bay 1; NY Islanders 4, Minnesota 1; Chicago 6, Calgary 4; Anaheim 2, Detroit 1 (OT). (OT denotes overtime victory)
Philadelphia Pittsburgh NY Rangers New Jersey NY Islanders
W 40 37 33 28 24
Eastern Conference Atlantic Division L OTL GF 16 6 203 21 7 189 28 4 181 31 4 134 32 9 177
Boston Montreal Buﬀalo Toronto Ottawa
37 34 30 28 21
Northeast Division 19 7 195 23 7 168 25 7 179 27 9 167 33 9 143
148 165 179 195 201
81 75 67 65 51
Tampa Bay Washington Carolina Atlanta Florida
37 34 30 26 26
Southeast Division 19 7 192 20 10 170 25 9 186 27 11 179 30 7 160
192 162 194 208 173
81 78 69 63 59
Detroit Chicago Nashville Columbus St. Louis
Western Conference Central Division 39 18 7 214 35 23 6 208 32 23 9 162 31 24 7 171 28 26 9 173
185 177 153 183 186
85 76 73 69 65
Vancouver Calgary Minnesota Colorado Edmonton
40 33 33 26 21
Northwest Division 15 9 210 24 9 200 25 6 166 30 8 184 35 8 160
151 188 170 219 212
89 75 72 60 50
GA 159 162 160 165 208
PTS 86 81 70 60 57
Pacific Division San Jose 37 21 6 180 163 80 Phoenix 33 22 10 186 189 76 Los Angeles 35 24 4 178 156 74 Dallas 34 23 6 174 177 74 Anaheim 34 25 5 178 187 73 Note: Overtime losses (OTL) are worth one point in the standings and are not included in the loss column (L)
Sports FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Spurs roll past Cavaliers CLEVELAND: George Hill equaled a season high with 22 points as the San Antonio Spurs beat the Cleveland Cavaliers 109-99 on Wednesday to become the ﬁrst NBA team to reach 50 wins. Tim Duncan scored 16 points and DeJuan Blair had 14 points and 10 rebounds for the Spurs, who bounced back from a 109-93 loss to Memphis on Tuesday. San Antonio, playing its second game since point guard Tony Parker with a calf injury, also got 14 points from Gary Neal and 13 each from All-Star Manu Ginobili and Matt Bonner. Samardo Samuels, making his ﬁrst NBA start, had a career-high 23 points for Cleveland. T’wolves 116, Pistons 105 At Auburn Hills, Michigan, Kevin Love had 20 points and 20 rebounds, and Anthony Randolph was among three reserves in double ﬁgures scoring for the Timberwolves. Lazar Hayward scored a career-high 16 points and Anthony Tolliver added 13 for Minnesota, which has won three of its last ﬁve road games after a 2-23 start away from home. Love’s double-double was his 48th in a row, the longest streak since Moses Malone’s 51 straight games in 1978-79. Love appeared to hurt his right thigh late but played on. Austin Daye scored a career-high 22 points for the Pistons. Hawks 83, Bulls 80 At Atlanta, Al Horford matched his career high with 31 points, including a jam with 29 seconds remaining to give Atlanta its ﬁrst lead of the game. Horford had 16 rebounds and two steals, including one after his go-ahead basket that set up a jam by Joe Johnson for the ﬁnal margin. Luol Deng had 15 points, Joakim Noah had 13 points and 12 rebounds and Derrick Rose had 12 points and 12 assists for Chicago. Warriors 106, Wizards 102 At Washington, Stephen Curry scored 29 points as Golden State snapped a four-game losing streak and improved to 1-2 on their season-high seven-game road trip. Monta Ellis scored 21 points and David Lee added nine points and 16 rebounds for the Warriors, who outrebounded Washington 54-40. Nick Young had 31 points for the Wizards. Celtics 115, Suns 103 At Boston, Kevin Garnett scored 28 points with 11 rebounds, Paul Pierce had 16 and 13 and Rajon Rondo scored 16 with 15 assists to lead Boston past Phoenix. Aaron Brooks scored 17 points, former Boston College star Jared Dudley had 15 and fellow reserve Marcin Gortat had 13 points and 13 rebounds. The Suns played the last 17 minutes without Vince Carter and Channing Frye, who banged heads and left the game. Knicks 107, Hornets 88 At New York, Amare Stoudemire scored 24 points and Carmelo Anthony added 22 as New York rolled to its sixth straight win over New Orleans. Toney Douglas also scored 24 points in place of an injured Chauncey Billups, outplaying slumping Hornets AllStar Chris Paul in the point guard matchup. Shawne Williams ﬁnished with 16 points oﬀ the bench, 11 in the third quarter when the Knicks broke open the game. Jarrett Jack scored 21 points and David West had 16 for the Hornets, who have lost three straight. Thunder 113, Pacers 89 At Oklahoma City, Kevin Durant scored 21 points before leaving with a sprained left ankle as Oklahoma City snapped its ﬁrst three-game losing streak of the season. Russell Westbrook added 21 points and nine assists and James Harden scored 17 of his 20 points during the ﬁrst half, when Oklahoma City built a 22-point lead. The Thunder led by as many as 35 in the fourth quarter before emptying their bench. Hansbrough led Indiana with 13 points and Dahntay Jones scored 12.
LOS ANGELES: Houston Rockets guard Courtney Lee (left) goes up for a shot as Los Angeles Clippers forward Blake Griffin defends during the second half of their NBA basketball game. —AP
Clippers 106, Rockets 103 At Los Angeles, Eric Gordon scored nine of his 24 points during the ﬁnal 4:46 in his return to the Clippers’ lineup, helping Los Angeles snap a ﬁve-game losing streak. Blake Griﬃn had 20 points and 14 rebounds for the Clippers, and reserve Chris Kaman scored 10 of his 21 points in the fourth quarter. Gordon shot 8 for 18 in 35 minutes after missing 18 games because of a sprained right wrist that had a small fracture in it. Kyle Lowry led Houston with 24 points and 11 assists, and reserve Courtney Lee added 18 points. Nuggets 120, Bobcats 80 At Denver, Wilson Chandler had 16 points to lead seven Denver players scoring in double ﬁgures in the Nuggets’ most lopsided win of the season. Nene, Chris Andersen, Ty Lawson and J.R. Smith had 14 points apiece for the Nuggets, who won for the fourth time in ﬁve games since completing the blockbuster trade that
sent Carmelo Anthony to the New York Knicks. The 40point margin of victory surpassed Denver’s previous high this season, a 34-point win against on Phoenix on Jan. 11. Matt Carroll led Charlotte with 19 points. DJ Augustin added 13 and Shaun Livingston 12. T Blazers 107, Kings 102 At Sacramento, California, Wesley Matthews scored 11 of his 21 points in the fourth quarter as Portland pulled away for the win. LaMarcus Aldridge had 20 points and 10 rebounds for the Blazers, who had dropped three of four. Andre Miller had 19 points, Nicolas Batum added 17 and Patty Mills ﬁnished with 14. Rookie center DeMarcus Cousins had 28 points and 11 rebounds for the Kings, who have lost two straight and six of eight. Marcus Thornton scored 26 points, Beno Udrih added 13 and Jermaine Taylor and Jason Thompson each had 10.—AP
NBA results/standings NBA results and standings on Wednesday. Atlanta 83, Chicago 80; San Antonio 109, Cleveland 99; Golden State 106, Washington 102; Boston 115, Phoenix 103; Minnesota 116, Detroit 105; NY Knicks 107, New Orleans 88; Oklahoma City 113, Indiana 89; Denver 120, Charlotte 80; Portland 107, Sacramento 102; LA Clippers 106, Houston 103.
Boston NY Knicks Philadelphia New Jersey Toronto Chicago Indiana Milwaukee Detroit Cleveland Miami Orlando Atlanta Charlotte Washington
Eastern Conference Atlantic Division W L 44 15 31 28 30 30 17 43 17 44 Central Division 41 18 27 33 23 36 22 41 11 49 Southeast Division 43 17 39 22 37 24 26 34 15 45
PCT .746 .525 .500 .283 .279
GB 13 14.5 27.5 28
.695 .450 .390 .349 .183
14.5 18 21 30.5
LA Lakers Phoenix Golden State LA Clippers Sacramento
.717 .639 .607 .433 .250
4.5 6.5 17 28
San Antonio Dallas New Orleans Memphis Houston
Oklahoma City Denver Portland Utah Minnesota
Western Conference Northwest Division 37 22 36 26 34 27 32 29 15 47 Pacific Division 43 19 31 28 27 33 22 40 15 44 Southwest Division 50 11 44 16 35 28 34 28 31 32
.627 .581 .557 .525 .242
2.5 4 6 23.5
.694 .525 .450 .355 .254
10.5 15 21 26.5
.820 .733 .556 .548 .492
5.5 16 16.5 20
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Nicklaus: Woods slump will end
FLORIDA: Jack Nicklaus (left) talks with Denver Bronco quarterback Tim Tebow (right) during the pro-am for the Honda Classic golf tournament. —AP
Crusaders hope to bring cheer to quake-hit fans WELLINGTON: Sonny Bill Williams hopes to “bring a bit of joy into a few sad homes” when he plays his ﬁrst Super 15 rugby match today for a Canterbury Crusaders team cut oﬀ from its home by a deadly earthquake. The Crusaders will play the unbeaten New South Wales Waratahs in the third-round match at Trafalgar Park in Nelson, more than 250 miles (400 kilometers) from their home base in Christchurch where at least 160 people died last week in a magnitude 6.3 quake. The seven-time Super rugby champions will play the remainder of their home matches this season at Nelson, a smaller provincial city near the tip of the South Island, because their home ground, AMI Stadium, is damaged and the infrastructure of their city is in ruins. Williams said that although the Crusaders have been forced to play outside their ravaged city, they hoped that their eﬀorts today — including his own as he returns from a leg injury — would give fellow citizens some solace. “I’m not going to stand here and say I know what (people in Christchurch) are going through because I did not lose a loved one,” said Williams, who quit Australia’s National Rugby League before switching to play rugby union in France and ultimately shifting to New Zealand. “This is deﬁnitely a game for the Canterbury people and hopefully it will take their minds oﬀ what has been happening around them for 80 minutes. We have to go back to normality and be the big, strong rugby players that we are.” The Crusaders have enlisted the help of noted New Zealand sports psychologist Gilbert Enoka this week to help players cope with the mental strain of the past week. “Gilbert talked to the guys about the trauma they have been through and I think it really helped refocus us,” coach Todd Blackadder said. “(It’s) just understanding that it’s quite normal to feel stressed.” The Waratahs will be without Wallabies playmaker Berrick Barnes for the important third-round match. Barnes sustained a minor head injury as New South Wales beat the Queensland Reds 30-6 last weekend to continue it’s unbeaten start to the season. Captain Phil Waugh, however, has been passed ﬁt for the match after being thought likely to be sidelined for up to seven weeks with a torn biceps. Crusaders and All Blacks prop Wyatt Crockett said his team faced a tough task in its mission to lift the morale of Christchurch because the Waratahs were an outstanding team. —AP
FLORIDA: Jack Nicklaus doubts his lead in career Grand Slam titles will last — he ﬁgures it’s just a matter of time before Tiger Woods’ slump ends. Woods hasn’t won a tournament since he became immersed in a sex scandal in November 2009, and he’s stalled at 14 major titles, four shy of Nicklaus’ record. “I still think he’ll break my record,” Nicklaus said Wednesday before playing a round in the Honda Classic pro-am. “I’m surprised that he has not bounced back by now. He’s got such a great work ethic. He’s so determined to what he wants to do.” Nicklaus said he hasn’t talked to Woods since last June, and that conversation was brief. “He got maybe oﬀ the track, but I think he’s really a principled kid,”
Nicklaus said. “Did he have some wayward ... ? Yes. But are we all perfect? No.” Woods isn’t playing Honda, a tournament he has skipped every year since 1993. Last week, he was eliminated in the ﬁrst round of the Match Play Championship, and he has failed to crack the top 20 in his three tournaments this year. Nicklaus recalled the worst slump of his career in 1979-80. He missed the cut in an event just before the U.S. Open, then rediscovered his winning touch at Baltusrol. “I shot 63 the ﬁrst round and missed a little putt on the last hole for 62,” Nicklaus recalled. “All of a sudden I said, ‘Hey, you know, maybe this is my time to start doing it the right way again.’ And all of a sudden your mind turns around. —AP
Strong European flavor at the Honda Classic FLORIDA: Lee Westwood has seen lots of sand this year, and not just in bunkers. Tournament travel took the world’s No. 2-ranked player to desert oases in Abu Dhabi, Doha, Dubai and Arizona. The landscape’s a little more lush this week in Florida, where Westwood will compete in the Honda Classic beginning late yesterday. And if his itinerary sounds exhausting, well, Westwood said it is. “If you don’t do it much, then the travel obviously can get to you, the jet lag,” the Englishman said. “But you get used to it. I’ve been doing it for 18 years now, traveling through eight time zones. It’s just something you learn to get on with and contend with: playing tired.” Globe-trotting is a challenge for all golfers, and especially top Europeans like Westwood who divide their time between PGA Tour events and tournaments closer to home. These days, top Europeans are handling the jet lag just ﬁne. For the ﬁrst time since 1992, Europe occupies the ﬁrst four world ranking spots, with Martin Kaymer of Germany the new No. 1, England’s Luke Donald No. 3 and Graeme McDowell of Northern Ireland ranked No. 4. “It’s a reﬂection of European golf at the moment,” Westwood said. “It’s very strong. You’ve got established players playing well, and young players coming through. We have some great players right now not afraid to play well all over the world.” An international ﬂavor is nothing new for the Honda Classic. The past four winners have been Donald, Camilo Villegas of Colombia, Y.E. Yang of South Korea, Ernie Els of South Africa. All are back this week, along with eight other former champions. That includes 1994 winner Nick Price of South Africa, playing in his ﬁrst PGA
Lee Westwood hits a shot in this file photo.
Tour event since 2008. Skipping the event is Woods, who at No. 5 has slipped to his lowest ranking in nearly 14 years. He has played Honda only once — in 1993, when he missed the cut. Also absent is Kaymer, who oﬃcially took over No. 1 this week. He lost Sunday to Donald in the ﬁnal of the Match Play Championship — the second straight year for an allEuropean ﬁnal. Westwood, who replaced Woods atop the rankings in October, has a chance to regain No. 1 this week. Such a close race was unheard of before Woods’ slump created an opportunity for Westwood and the other top Europeans to jumble the top of the rankings. “It is more volatile,” Donald said. “That makes it fun for us players, and it makes it fun for the fans, too. I think when Tiger was so dominant, mathematically it was almost impossible for anyone to catch him, unless
they won nearly every tournament they played in. “But now it’s open, and I think that’s great for golf. Obviously, Europe is enjoying an extremely purple patch right now, and we are riding the wave very highly.” The wave surfaced suddenly. Only a year ago, Americans held the world’s top three rankings. At least one observer is conﬁdent they’ll be on top again soon. “It goes back and forth,” Jack Nicklaus said. “When guys get down, they say all of a sudden, ‘We have to kick ourselves in the rear end, and we have to go play.’ And I think they will.” Maybe even this week. Whoever wins will have to contend with a diﬃcult course made more so by winds of 15 to 20 mph forecast for all four days, with thunderstorms possible Sunday. Last year the average round at PGA National Resort and Spa was 1.6 strokes above par. —AP
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FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Kiwis take on Zimbabwe with an eye on quarters AHMEDABAD: New Zealand will be desperate to boost their World Cup quarter-ﬁnal hopes with a convincing win over Zimbabwe in a crunch clash today. The Kiwis cantered to a 10-wicket victory over lowly Kenya in their opening match before going down to Australia by seven wickets in a manner unworthy of their reputation as a doughty one-day side. Zimbabwe suﬀered a 91-run defeat at the hands of holders Australia but regrouped in time to thrash Canada by a 175-run margin in their second Group A clash on Monday. With one defeat and a win apiece, New Zealand and Zimbabwe are tied on two points and trail Pakistan and Australia who have four points each from two matches. Sri Lanka also have four points but they have played three games, winning two and losing one. Zimbabwe thrived on ﬁne performances by their spinners against Canada and will look to rattle the spin-wary Kiwis with a similar plan. The African nation is one of the few teams in the competition with a spin-heavy attack which has come good so far on the sub-continental wickets. Led by the veteran Raymond Price, Zimbabwe spinners did well to restrict Australia to 262-6 and bowl out Canada for 123 oﬀ 42.1 overs. “Australia attacked us with pace and we are going to see a lot of spin in this game,” said New Zealand captain Daniel Vettori. “So it is an exciting challenge for us, but one we have to win. “It’s important for us to counter all their spinners. Price does a good job at the start and we’ve got to be ready for it. The fact that we have not played them for a long time is probably a little bit of disadvantage for us. “But what we have seen of them in the last two games we are pretty sure of what we will come up against.” New Zealand will also be keen to nail their ﬁnal team combination ahead of potentially tougher games against Sri Lanka and Pakistan. The Kiwis erred in their selection against Australia, picking young Hamish Bennett ahead of a ﬁt Kyle Mills and bringing opener Jamie How down at number seven in place of proven all-rounder Jacob Oram. Bennett picked up two wickets but was carted for 63 runs in seven overs and How managed 22 in a below-par New Zealand batting performance. Apart from selection woes, New Zealand have also their batting to worry about. Among the top six batsmen, only Jesse Ryder showed some character in making 25 oﬀ 31 balls as New Zealand collapsed to 73-6 against Australia before a late rally by Nathan McCullum and Vettori took the total to 206. “It wasn’t a good performance,” said New Zealand coach John Wright. “It started with the bat. You’ve got to get to the 35-over mark with a maximum of three down. If we’d had wickets left we should have been able to get to a competitive 280 or 300.” —AFP
MOHALI: South Africa cricketer AB De Villiers plays a reverse sweep on his way to scoring a century against the Netherlands during their World Cup match. —AP
Two tons bury Netherlands MOHALI: AB de Villiers and Hashim Amla smashed centuries against the hapless Netherlands bowlers yesterday to set up a thumping 231-run win for South Africa. De Villiers scored 134 for a second successive ton while opener Amla made 113 as the Proteas posted a mammoth 351-5 before dismissing the Dutch for a paltry 120 for their second consecutive win in Group B. The Netherlands lost wickets at regular intervals against South Africa’s disciplined pace-spin combination before being bowled out in the 35th over, slumping to their third consecutive defeat. Seamer Jacques Kallis rattled the top order with two wickets before Pakistan-born leg-spinner Imran Tahir (3-19) and left-arm spinner Robin Peterson (2-22) did more damage. Wesley Barresi, dropped on 21 by Morne Morkel at mid-on oﬀ Kallis, top-scored with 44 in a dismal Netherlands batting performance. “It wasn’t easy up front. There was a little bit of juice in the wicket,” said South African skipper Graeme Smith, praising Amla and de Villiers. “Once we set the platform it was about making it count and the two of them
deﬁnitely did that.” Losing captain Peter Borren said such a thumping defeat was hard to take but his side were still learning by playing against the top sides. “I think we learn more from playing against this type of opposition... than playing against each other as associates,” he said. In the South African innings de Villiers and Amla dominated the Dutch attack after South Africa were put in to bat in overcast conditions before a few thousand spectators in Mohali. The Proteas lost Smith (20) and Kallis (two) to slip to 58-2 before de Villiers and Amla put on 221, South Africa’s best for the third wicket in a World Cup. De Villiers raced to his 11th oneday hundred oﬀ just 88 deliveries, while Amla completed his eighth ton oﬀ 121 balls. Amla impressed with his shot selection, patiently waiting for loose deliveries to punish, but de Villiers was more aggressive, once reverse-sweeping spinner Tom Cooper for a boundary. They set the stage for the ﬁnal onslaught, which saw South Africa plunder 136 in the last 10 overs. JP Duminy hammered 40 oﬀ just 15 balls with four sixes and two fours. —AFP
Bangladesh look to hustle Windies DHAKA: Bangladesh take on the West Indies in a must-win World Cup match today hoping the barren wicket in Dhaka ﬁnally provides help to the home team’s spinners. There was no evidence of turn on the Sher-e-Bangla stadium pitch in the ﬁrst two matches where Bangladesh lost a high-scoring game to India by 87 runs before beating Ireland by 27 runs. But frontline spinner Abdur Razzak said the wicket being prepared for Friday’s game looked as if it will favour the slow bowlers. “It did not happen in the ﬁrst two match-
es, but I think this one will help us,” the leftarmer said. “It will give us a good chance to beat the West Indies.” With one win each from two matches, another defeat could ruin either team’s chances of qualifying for the quarter-ﬁnals from the tough Group B. The pool, which includes India, South Africa and the Netherlands, was thrown wide open when Ireland stunned England by three wickets on Wednesday after Kevin O’Brien struck the fastest ever World Cup century.
West Indies manager Richie Richardson rubbished suggestions that his team will struggle to cope with unfamiliar conditions in Bangladesh, where they have not played since 2002. The three senior pros in the current squad — Chris Gayle, Ramnaresh Sarwan and Shivnarine Chanderpaul-are the only survivors from that tour. Richardson, who led the West Indies to the semi-ﬁnals when the World Cup was last played in the Indian sub-continent in 1996, said pace could play an equally prominent role. —AFP
SCOREBOARD MOHALI, India: Complete scoreboard of the World Cup Group B match between South Arica and the Netherlands in Mohali on yesterday: South Africa: H. Amla c Cooper b ten Doeschate 113 G. Smith b Loots 20 J. Kallis c Barresi b ten Doeschate 2 AB de Villiers run out 134 F. du Plessis not out 18 JP Duminy c Borren b ten Doeschate 40 M. van Wyk not out 0 Extras (b2, lb5, nb1, w16) 24 Total (for ﬁve wickets; 50 overs) 351 Fall of wickets: 1-51 (Smith), 2-58 (Kallis), 3-279 (Amla), 4-283 (de Villiers), 5-349 (Duminy). Bowling: Bukhari 10-0-44-0 (w3), Westdijk 9-0-76-0 (w12), ten Doeschate 10-0-72-3 (w1), Loots 9-0-60-1 (nb1), Seelaar 10-0-74-0, Cooper 2-0-18-0. Netherlands: A. Kervezee c and b Kallis W. Barresi st van Wyk b Duminy T. Cooper c Steyn b Kallis B. Zuiderent lbw b Peterson R. ten Doeschate lbw b Steyn T. de Grooth run out P. Borren lbw b Peterson M. Bukhari b Tahir P. Seelaar not out B. Loots lbw b Tahir B. Westdijk lbw b Tahir Extras (w8) Total (all out; 34.5 overs)
10 44 9 15 11 12 3 0 2 6 0 8 120
Fall of wickets: 1-26 (Kervezee), 2-46 (Cooper), 3-81 (Zuiderent), 4-83 (Barresi), 5-100 (ten Doeschate), 6-109 (Borren), 7-109 (de Grooth), 8-110 (Bukhari), 9-120 (Loots), 10-120 (Westdijk). Bowling: Steyn 6-1-26-1 (w3), Morkel 50-18-0 (w1), Kallis 6-0-19-2, Tahir 6.5-0-19-3 (w2), Peterson 5-0-22-2 (w1), Duminy 6-0-16-1 (w1). Result: South Africa win by 231 runs
Sports FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
Angers defeat Chambery in French Cup PARIS: Angers ended ﬁfth-division team Chambery’s surprising run in the French Cup on Wednesday to reach the semiﬁnals with a 3-0 win. Chambery had knocked out topﬂight teams Brest, Monaco and Sochaux in previous rounds, but they could not rouse themselves for another surprise against the more modest Angers. Angers striker Henri Saivet scored the opener in the 45th minute with a powerful right-footed strike before midﬁelder Sebastien Renouard doubled the second-division team’s lead in the 63rd. Argentine midﬁelder Diego Sebastian Gomez scored the third in the 84th with a shot into the top right corner. “We are disappointed because when we enter the pitch it’s only to win,” Chambery
coach David Guion said. “I’m proud of my players and of what they accomplished. This adventure will allow us to reach another level and will help us summon our strengths to gain promotion.” The game was moved to a bigger stadium in nearby Grenoble given the interest Chambery had generated in the alpine community, and drew about 15,000 fans. No other amateur teams has ever won three consecutive matches against Ligue 1 clubs in the French Cup. “We achieved something fantastic, we took them seriously and we played a big match,” Angers coach Jean-Louis Garcia said. Angers reached the Cup semiﬁnals for the ﬁrst time in 42 years. Defending champion Paris Saint-Germain strug-
gled to break the deadlock against second-division leader Le Mans at the Parc des Princes but ﬁnally advanced with a 2-0 win after extra time. Substitute striker Jean-Chistophe Bahebeck opened PSG’s account in the 108th, turning a defender and slotting a low strike into the net. Midﬁelder Neeskens Kebano then met Ceara’s ﬁne cross in the 116th to give PSG more room to breathe. League leader Lille also advanced with a 5-3 win over Lorient in a penalty shootout after the teams drew 0-0 following extra time. “Their goalkeeper was decisive several times tonight, but the most important thing was the result,” Lille coach Rudi Garcia said. Nice reached the semis with a 3-2 win at Reims after extra time on Tuesday. — AP
Fluminense stumble in Copa Libertadores
SPAIN: Barcelona’s Lionel Messi from Argentina (right) heads for the ball with Valencia’s Jordi Alba during their La Liga soccer match at Mestalla stadium. — AP
Messi sinks Valencia as Barca go ten clear
MADRID: Argentine sensation Lionel Messi scored his 27th league goal of the season as champions Barcelona defeated Valencia 1-0 at the Mestalla stadium on Wednesday to move ten points clear of rivals Real Madrid at the Spanish ﬁrst division summit. Messi netted a 76th minute winner as Barcelona continued their unbeaten away run and put Real under extra pressure to win at home to Malaga late yesterday. Ballon D’Or winner Messi had missed several chances in the ﬁrst half but came good 14 minutes from time slotting in a cross from Adriano to clinch a vital win. It handed coach Pep Guardiola his ﬁrst ever victory at the Mestalla, which had been the only top-ﬂight venue where he had failed to secure three points. For third-placed Valencia it was a ﬁrst league defeat since early December of last year and Villarreal are now just one point behind them in fourth. It was an emotional ﬁrst return to the Mestalla for Spanish World Cup star David Villa, who spent ﬁve years at the club before joining Barcelona for 40 million euros in the summer, and the forward was given a warm reception from the home fans. Spanish international playmaker Xavi returned to the Barca starting line-up after recovering from his calf injury to join Javier Mascherano and Sergi Busquets in midﬁeld.
Valencia decided to play with Juan Mata, normally a winger, leading the line and the hosts started at a high tempo to try and disrupt Barcelona’s possession game. Eric Abidal and Dani Alves were both forced to make crucial clearances for Barcelona early on before the champions found their rhythm. In the ninth minute Messi went clean through on goal but the Argentine ﬂuﬀed a chance he usually buries on autopilot. Messi had three chances to score but missed them all with goalkeeper Vicente Guaita, third choice at the beginning of the season, standing tall. Valencia thought they had scored in the 20th minute but Jordi Alba’s goal was ruled out for oﬀside. Just after the half hour mark Messi squandered another goalscoring opportunity when his lob landed on the roof of the net with only Guaita to beat. Villa and full back Adriano both went close before the interval but Barcelona went into the break frustrated at the 00 scoreline. Substitute Roberto Soldado volleyed just wide in the 51st minute for Valencia’s best chance of the match and Pablo Hernandez then curled inches wide of the post minutes later to give Barcelona a warning. The decisive goal came on 76 minutes with Brazilian Adriano cutting the ball across goal for Messi to arrive on cue to guide in with his trusty left foot.—AFP
MEXICO CITY: Daniel Marquez scored the lone goal in the second half to give America of Mexico a 1-0 home win over Brazilian league champion Fluminense on Wednesday in the Copa Libertadores group stage. Marquez slid the winning goal in after a pass from Daniel Montenegro opened the Fluminense defense in the 71st minute. “We know that Fluminense is a diﬃcult team to play against, particularly in the Libertadores,” said America midﬁelder Vicente Sanchez, who was named man of the match. “The key was having patience and the goal changed everything.” Also Wednesday it was: Nacional 0, Argentinos Juniors 1; Deportes Tolima 0, Cruzeiro 0; Santos 1, Cerro Porteno 1; San Luis 1, Once Caldas 1. The Copa Libertadores is the top international club competition in Latin America. The competition is in the group stage, with the ﬁnal scheduled for June. The winner earns a place in the Club World Cup to face the other continental champions. Marquez’ winning goal in Mexico City’s Azteca stadium lifted America to six points in Group 3, a point behind Argentinos Juniors. Fluminense has two points from three games, with Nacional bottom of the group on one point. In the Uruguayan capital Montevideo, Franco Niell scored the winning goal for Argentinos Juniors after a mix-up between Nacional goalkeeper Leonardo Burian and defender Gabriel Marques in the 22nd minute. The match was delayed for 15 minutes in the ﬁrst half due to a ﬂoodlight problem. Elsewhere, Colombian club Deportes Tolima had the opportunity to halt Cruzeiro’s dominant start to the tournament, but the Brazilian club’s goalkeeper Fabio saved an 80thminute penalty from Wilder Medina to ensure the game ended scoreless. Cruzeiro started the group stage with a 5-0 thrashing of Argentine league champion Estudiantes and followed up with a 4-0 win against Paraguay’s Guarani. Cruzeiro leads Group 7 with seven points, ahead of Tolima on four. Guarani, with no points so far, hosts Estudiantes, which has three, next Wednesday. n Group 5, Roberto Nanni scored a stoppage-time penalty to earn a point for Paraguay’s Cerro Porteno at Santos of Brazil and become the tournament’s top scorer so far with ﬁve goals. Former Manchester City forward Elano gave Santos the lead, also from the penalty spot, in the 56th. After two games, Cerro moved to four points atop the group, Colo Colo of Chile has three, Santos is on two and Tachira of Venezuela has one. In Wednesday’s late match, Wason Renteria gave Once Caldas of Colombia the lead against Mexico’s San Luis with a goal in the third minute. Michael Arroyo equalized in the 18th, but neither team could ﬁnd a deciding goal as the match ﬁnished in a draw that did little to help either club. Matches continue late yesterday. — AP
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Platini may seek FIFA presidency SINGAPORE: Brazilian soccer great Pele says UEFA President Michel Platini is wellplaced to challenge Sepp Blatter for the FIFA presidency. “Maybe Platini will run for that,” Pele said at a breakfast organized by the American chamber of commerce Thursday in Singapore. “Platini is already president of UEFA and has a good opportunity.” Platini and Mohamed bin Hammam, a Qatari who leads the Asian Football Confederation, are
Schalke stun Bayern FRANKFURT: Raul Gonzalez scored in the 15th minute to lift Schalke to a 1-0 victory over title holder Bayern Munich in the semiﬁnals of the German Cup on Wednesday. Raul’s goal put Schalke in the May 21 ﬁnal in Berlin against second-division Duisburg. Bayern lost a German Cup game at home for the ﬁrst time in 20 years and suﬀered a second straight setback at home after losing 3-1 to Bundesliga leader Borussia Dortmund, a result that all but left Bayern without hope of defending the championship title. “A betting man would have made a lot of money by betting on Schalke tonight,” Schalke coach Felix Magath said. “We could have scored another goal in the ﬁrst half, but in the second half we only defended. I was hoping that Bayern wasn’t that fresh after two tough games.” Bayern is on the verge of reaching the quarterﬁnals of the Champions League after beating Inter Milan 1-0 in Italy. Inter beat Bayern in last season’s ﬁnal. “It’s a great disappointment for my players,” Bayern coach Louis van Gaal said. “That’s football, one team only defends and counterattacks and scores. We played with a lion’s heart in the second half but we were unlucky. “And we should have been awarded a penalty,” van Gaal added, referring to an incident late in the game when Atsuto Uchida appeared to bring down Bayern striker Mario Gomez Raul’s goal was a powerful header into the roof of the net. Jeﬀerson Farfan’s corner was headed to the far post by defender Benedikt Hoewedes and Raul connected with a powerful header for the lead. Raul had another opportunity in the 19th but drove wide. The Spaniard then set up Farfan’s solo run but the Peru striker’s attempt was smothered by Bayern goalkeeper Thomas Kraft. Hoewedes had another header in the 35th, but Thomas Mueller cleared on the line. Bayern’s ﬁrst big opportunity came two minutes into the second half but Arjen Robben failed to connect with a cross from Danijel Pranjic. Bayern stepped up the pace and Bastian Schweinsteiger had his header stopped by Manuel Neuer, the Schalke and Germany goalkeeper, before Robben shot wide. Neuer, who got a hostile reception from Bayern fans although the club has expressed interest in signing him, caught a good eﬀort by substitute Toni Kroos. Franck Ribery was the next to threaten but Neuer again stood his ground. Ribery should have equalized in the 87th, but Neuer was again able to stop the Frenchman’s shot from 11 meters out.—AP
considered the two strongest potential candidates to take on Blatter, who is seeking election to a fourth four-year term on June 1 as head of football’s world governing body. Neither Platini nor bin Hammam have conﬁrmed they will stand for the post. Pele also ruled out any ambitions on his part to become FIFA president. Blatter’s leadership came under criticism after FIFA last year selected Russia to host the 2018 World Cup and Qatar for 2022. “They say there was a little controversy
about buying votes, but I wasn’t there,” said the 70-year-old Pele, who serves on FIFA’s Football Committee with other retired stars including Frank Beckenbauer, Bobby Charlton and George Weah. “We won very clean for the World Cup in Brazil, but this World Cup (selection), I think there was a big problem there,” he said. Brazil will host the 2014 World Cup, and Pele reiterated concerns that the building of infrastructure for the tournament is behind schedule. “We have a little problem with construc-
tion, communication, airports,” Pele said. “We have some political problems, which makes it a little complicated to do construction. “Even in Sao Paulo, they haven’t started the stadium because they have a political problem. This is not good for us.” Pele is in Asia to promote the rebirth of the New York Cosmos, a team he played for in the 1970s. Pele is honorary president of the Cosmos, who are bidding to join America’s Major League Soccer from 2014. —AP
Arsenal rout Orient, City roll FA Cup fifth round LONDON: Nicklas Bendtner’s hat trick helped Arsenal rout Leyton Orient 5-0 in a ﬁfthround FA Cup replay and Manchester City eased past Aston Villa 3-0 to also make the quarterﬁnals on Wednesday. Marouane Chamakh and Gael Clichy were the other scorers at Emirates Stadium for Arsenal, which bounced back from its surprise 2-1 defeat to Birmingham in Sunday’s League Cup ﬁnal to set up a last-eight match against Manchester United on March 12. City will host second-tier side Reading a day later after the Premier League big spenders brushed past a weakened Villa side thanks to goals by Yaya Toure, Mario Balotelli and David Silva. Stoke-West Ham and Birmingham-Bolton are the other ﬁxtures in the quarterﬁnals of the famous knockout competition. Orient, which plays in England’s third tier and was the lowest-ranked club left in the FA Cup, earned a deserved 1-1 draw in the ﬁrst game between the teams on Feb. 20, but the replay couldn’t have been more one-sided. “It was important that we had a response tonight after what happened at the weekend (against Birmingham) and we did it in a professional way,” Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger said. Chamakh netted his 12th goal of the season — and ﬁrst since the end of November — when he slipped home a neat ﬁnish in the seventh minute following a surging run from Tomas Rosicky, who went oﬀ with a concussion in the second half after catching an elbow to the head. Wenger said the veteran Czech midﬁelder was not seriously hurt, meaning he shouldn’t join a lengthy Arsenal injury list that already includes Cesc Fabregas, Robin van Persie,
Theo Walcott, Thomas Vermaelen and Lukasz Fabianski. Bendtner opened his account for the night by looping a header into the corner
Gunners career from the penalty spot, converting low to his left after Gibbs was fouled by Alex Revell. Clichy, on as a substitute for Gibbs, drilled in the ﬁfth goal to wrap up victory in
LONDON: Arsenal’s Samir Nasri (hidden) is out jumped by Leyton Orient’s Jonathan Tehoue during their English FA Cup fifth round replay at Arsenal’s Emirates stadium.—AP from left back Kieran Gibbs’ cross in the 30th and made it 30 by curling in a low ﬁnish from 20 yards in the 43rd. The Denmark striker, playing out on the right wing, completed the second hat trick of his
the 75th. The quarterﬁnal against United at Old Traﬀord will pit the top two teams in the Premier League together and will come at a crunch time in the season, with both sides involved in Europe and with
designs on three trophies. “It’s diﬃcult to say how we will approach the game,” Wenger said. “For us it will come after the game against Barcelona (in the second leg of the last 16), for them it’s before their Champions League match (against Marseille).” With City facing lower-league opposition in the last eight, the FA Cup may be the team’s best opportunity to win a ﬁrst piece of major silverware since a League Cup success in 1976. “We knew before the game we have a great chance in the FA Cup to go back to Wembley after a long time,” City defender Pablo Zabaleta said. “We have great quality in the team. We have players that can score at any time and that is very important in a long season.” The northwest team was helped by Villa making eight changes to the side that was in starting action in the Premier League at the weekend. Toure pounced quickest when Patrick Vieira’s header hit the shoulder of Ciaran Clark and popped up invitingly for the Ivory Coast midﬁelder to ram home from six yards in the ﬁfth. Toure turned provider in the 25th, passing to Balotelli who produced a superb ﬁnish with the inside of his right foot from 15 yards for his 10th goal in 18 games since his summer move from Inter Milan. Silva, back in City’s side after missing the league draw at home to Fulham because of injury, completed the win by shooting a low, left-footed drive past Villa goalkeeper Brad Friedel. “We have to acknowledge that we were beaten by a team that is better than ours at the moment,” Villa manager Gerard Houllier said. “I admit that we didn’t hurt them enough (but) the score is very ﬂattering for them.” City is third in the Premier League and has also made it through to the last 16 of the Europa League.—AP
FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011
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Two tons bury Netherlands Page 61
Messi sinks Valencia, Barca go ten clear Page 62
SPAIN: Barcelonaâ€™s Lionel Messi from Argentina celebrates after scoring against Valencia during his Spanish La Liga soccer match.â€”AP