Kusamala Annual Report 2012-2013

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2012 -­‐ 2013 Annual Report

CONTENTS Letter from the Director

Research & Evaluation Management Structure

Demonstration & Advocacy


3 4 5 6-­‐7 8-­‐9 10 11 12 13 14

Vision & Mission

Education & Outreach

Staff & Interns Staff Development & Training

Overview of Projects



Letter from the Executive Director In our last annual report we identified five key areas we wanted to work towards in 2012 and 2013. They were -­‐ improving the livelihoods of our staff and building their capacity through the Red Soil Project; expanding the demonstrations at the Centre with the intention for them to produce enough income to support themselves and the staff; building a dynamic strategic plan that draws from the goals and inspirations of all staff members; increasing our social media presence and activity; and partnering with other organizations to enhance our effectiveness in communities. I am pleased to announce that we have steadily worked towards all those goals this year. Through the Red Soil Project our staff have increased production and consumption of different foods, reduced dependence on markets for vegetables, and increased income from selling excess produce. The results of this project will be presented as one of ten case studies in Africa at the first Africa Food Security and Adaptation Conference in Nairobi, Kenya. The demonstrations have expanded this year. We made a small profit from our market garden and sold our first trees from the tree nursery. In February 2012, we conducted Kusamala’s first staff retreat where we defined a new vision and mission that represent the underlying theme of this year’s Annual Report. Our social media presence has increased with over 400 followers on Facebook and Twitter. Additionally, Kusamala’s first quarterly newsletters started this year with over 100 subscribers. The first ‘Future Search Workshop’, sponsored and hosted by Kusamala, will be held in June 2014. This workshop will bring together various actors in the non-­‐profit sector, private sector, and government sector focusing on food and nutrition security, sustainable agriculture, environmental resilience, and climate change. The purpose is to encourage partnerships, cooperation, and common goals between organizations and sectors. Last year was a success and this year we look forward to implementing two new grants that will extend and leverage our current work in Dowa and Rural Lilongwe Districts, along with beginning new projects in Thyolo, Nsanje, and Mzimba Districts. Molly Cheatum Executive Director




Over the past year, Kusamala has participated in a strategic planning process to assess our work and to build a road map for the organization. During a two-­‐day staff retreat in February, we looked at the strengths and challenges facing Kusamala and came up with strategies for moving the organization forward. By the end of the retreat, we had articulated new external and internal missions that have since been refined and adopted.

A group session from the staff retreat

OUR VISION For all Malawian communities to have the ability and knowledge to creatively pursue their own path towards achieving food security and diversity, economic stability and productive, healthy environments. OUR MISSION To demonstrate and advocate for low-­‐input, income generating permaculture and agroecology systems; to extend these systems into local communities through education and outreach; and to research and evaluate their potential to improve Malawian livelihoods.

To create a Malawian run organization that is committed to improving organizational effectiveness through career development and specialized training that builds leaders in communities, policy and government. www.kusamala.org


Overview of Projects during FY2012 JANEEMO is an agroforestry and permaculture project funded by the Scottish Government

and managed in partnership with the James Hutton Institute and Climate Futures. Joining JANEEMO as the implementing partner in March 2012, Kusamala currently supports 16 community clubs in Dowa District and one in Rural Lilongwe. In the 2012-­‐13 rainy season over 300 farmers participated in JANEEMO clubs, planting approximately 64,000 multi-­‐use trees and building 14 household permaculture demonstration sites.

Red Soil Project, a Canadian-­‐based organization, has partnered with Kusamala to

support staff trainings and the construction of community-­‐based demonstration sites. Through this project, we have facilitated nine days of staff training and supported the design and construction of eleven household permaculture demonstrations around staff homes.

ReSCOPE is partnering with 18 organizations throughout Malawi, including Kusamala, to

implement integrated land use designs at government schools. In partnership with Kang’oma Primary School in Rural Lilongwe, Kusamala has led a series of trainings, meetings and workdays to instruct teachers, pupils and parents in permaculture and agroecology. These project participants are now supporting a functioning vegetable garden and growing woodlot.

Salama Shield is a Canadian-­‐based organization that works primarily in Uganda and is

looking to expand their operations into Malawi. Through organizational support and community permaculture trainings, Kusamala is assisting Salama Shield in their efforts to improve livelihood security for women’s groups in Lilongwe and Zomba Districts.

Seeds of Change sponsored four young Malawians from Home of Hope Orphanage to

participate in a six-­‐month permaculture apprenticeship at Kusamala. Joined by one of our staff and a community member from Khundi village, the apprentices gained an in-­‐depth understanding of permaculture design and agroecological principles. They will be applying this knowledge during their internships with Landirani Trust in Lilongwe and African Moringa & Permaculture Project in Mangochi.




demonstrate & advocate

Joseph harvesting maize

A moringa swale in the staple field

Centre Demonstrations Through our primary demonstration site, Nature’s Gift Permaculture Center, Kusamala demonstrates how to use permaculture and agroecological principles to promote sustainable food and fuel production.

Staple Crop Field Our staple field demonstration is particularly important in the Malawian context as most subsistence farmers rely solely on staple production for income and household food security. We planted the 0.7-­‐hectare field using permaculture principles to provide enough staple crops to support staff lunches. Agroforestry tree species contributed to soil fertility, water management and fuel wood production. In the 2012-­‐2013 season, we produced enough maize and groundnuts to meet our goal, with yields well above the national M average (see graph). We also harvested pumpkins, pumpkin greens, shell beans, fresh pigeon peas, the few sweet potatoes the wild pigs left behind and will continue to harvest pigeon peas and cassava in September. The staple field will save us over $500 in food costs in the coming year.




demonstrate & advocate Last year, Kusamala trained 253 individuals (153 women and 99 men) at our demonstration centre in Lilongwe

Market Garden Our Market Garden serves as a demonstration of organic vegetable production as well as an income generator for Kusamala. This past year, the garden made a net profit of $76.06 with 89% of revenues from vegetable boxes and 11% from sales to local restaurants. While this may seem small, it supported 5 staff members and covered most garden related inputs throughout the farm, including seeds and tools used in other demonstrations. We hope to increase production next year by continuing to increase vegetable box subscriptions and restaurant sales.

Tree Nursery Implemented this past year under the JANEEMO project, Kusamala’s tree nursery produced over 11,500 seedlings. The trees were planted in the Centre’s demonstrations, shared with surrounding communities and NGOS, and sold as an income generating activity for Kusamala. While each tree cost $0.10 to produce and were sold for $0.27, the nursery lost money due to our lack of familiarity with the market. As shown in the graph, we had a large stock of jatropha and faidherbia albida remaining at the end of the season; these trees were never sold or planted and were eventually used to make compost. However we were able to sell 2,300 trees for a gross income of $627. This next year we plan to reach profitability by planting more grafted fruit trees, which are in high demand, as well as agroforestry species contracted by other organizations and individuals. !"##$%&"'#"($)&*+&*'




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While Kusamala does not currently have an advocacy program, we have included it in our mission as a future goal. Advocating for more sustainable agricultural policies is our next step towards achieving food security and diversity, economic stability and healthy environments in all of Malawi. We plan to develop a robust advocacy program through policy research, partnerships with like-­‐minded organizations and leverage our growing body of research into the multi-­‐use benefits of permaculture and agroecology. Keep up to date on our progress by visiting our blog and website – www.kusamala.org.



education & outreach

Apprentices Kusamala’s apprenticeship program gives Malawians an opportunity to live, learn and work at our demonstration centre, gaining an in depth understanding of permaculture, food systems and Apprentices with their final permaculture project management. designs Piloted in early 2012, Kusamala Trainings hosted our second round of Kusamala’s training program is the cornerstone of apprentices from August 2012 to our organization’s work. Hosted at our February 2013. Sponsored by Seeds demonstration site, Nature’s Gift Permaculture of Change, the apprentices spent the Centre, our trainings are one of the most six months learning about all aspects consistent and sustainable sources of income for Kusamala. of permaculture design, from soil and water management to guilds Since our founding in 2009, we have refined and and zoning. expanded our educational offerings. From three-­‐ day introductory trainings on permaculture and The apprentices have now moved on agroecology basics to full 12-­‐day permaculture to new communities and certification courses, Kusamala provides a range organizations, sharing what they of training services tailored to the needs of specific have learned and spreading communities and organizations. permaculture to other regions of Malawi. This past year we provided permaculture trainings to a range of organizations, including Development Aid from People to People (DAPP), Lilongwe Wildlife Centre and the Catholic Commission, in addition to a number of community trainings funded through grants and donors. www.kusamala.org



education & outreach Through our JANEEMO, ReSCOPE and Salama Shield projects, Kusamala is working directly with over 400 individuals in

Dowa, Rural Lilongwe and Zomba Districts.

JANEEMO launch where the project was presented to hundreds of community members

Local Communities and Beyond In addition to extending permaculture and agroecology to local communities in Malawi, Kusamala launched an online communications campaign to increase awareness of our work and the important role that permaculture can play in increasing food and livelihood security in Malawi. Over the past year, we have increased our presence on Facebook (287 new likes), twitter (156 new followers) and by starting a quarterly newsletter in March (109 subscribers). Our website attracted traffic globally with an average of 141 views per week and a year high of 258 views.




research & evaluate Red Soil Project Survey Development

Over the past year, Kusamala has developed and piloted surveys to measure the impact that our projects have on food security, diet diversity, livelihoods and the environment. These surveys have adapted and expanded existing measurement tools, such as UN Food and Agriculture Organization’s diet diversity questionnaire and Grameen Bank’s Progress Out of Poverty Scale. Kusamala will be using the surveys as a template for collecting data in future projects. Through a new grant that expands on our current work in Dowa, we will be able to collect data from hundreds of farmers. The project will combine quantitative data collection from surveys with qualitative information captured through participatory video and interviews. Stay tuned for more information on this project!

Collecting baseline data through film

From October 2011 to July 2012, Abigail Conrad, PhD American University, conducted research on the impacts of permaculture on household food security and diet diversity in Malawi. Based at Kusamala, she focused on farmers in the Lilongwe area. Her research found that, on average, permaculture farmers planted nearly three times the number of crops than conventional farmers, including over twice the number of vegetables and legumes, four times the number of fruits, and three times the number of roots and tubers. Permaculture households ranked higher than conventional households in measures of diet diversity, food security and access; over half the permaculture households reported spending less money buying food and had more ndiwo (relish). www.kusamala.org



staff development & training Red Soil Project Starting in July 2012, Kusamala partnered with Red Soil Project to train our staff and their families in permaculture design and to encourage them to build their own household permaculture gardens in the surrounding communities. So far, 11 households have implemented gardens. Follow-­‐up surveys show these gardens have increased household access to nutritious fruits and vegetables, reduced food costs and generated interest in permaculture amongst neighbors. Dan Chikhawo began building his permaculture garden behind his home in October 2012. By March 2013, Dan was saving time and money by eating fresh fruits and vegetables out of his yard rather than walking an hour to the nearest market. He also produced enough to share with his friends and neighbors, increasing access to nutritious produce for his family and community. Similarly, Rhoda Godfrey is now growing pumpkins, sweet potatoes, beans, mustard greens, rape, maize, guava, avocado, lemon, papaya and custard apple where she used to only plant tomatoes and onions.

In the past year, Kusamala has supported staff development and training opportunities in the following areas: -­‐ -­‐ -­‐ -­‐ -­‐ -­‐ -­‐ -­‐ -­‐ -­‐ -­‐ -­‐

Agroecology Dryland Gardening Eco-­‐village English Computer Basics Introduction to Permaculture Integrated Land Use Design Moringa Care and Uses Permaculture Apprenticeship Permaculture Design Certificate Thatching Water Management

Rhoda giving a tour of her home garden www.kusamala.org



Kusamala’s income significantly increased in fiscal year 2013 following increased income from grants and contracts with other local organisations. With funds provided to implement community projects in Dowa, we expanded our operations and reach thereby taking significant steps forward in making the organisation visible both at local and international levels. Statement of Financial Activities Receipts MK USD Foundation and Trust Grants 30,657,865.00 93,832.13 Garden & Tree Nursery Sales 1,563,040.00 4,783.87 771,950.34 Individual, Business Contributions 2,362.65 Apprentices, Trainings, & Tours 7,565,597.56 23,155.43 Other Income 62,156.04 190.24 Total receipts 40,620,608.94 124,324.32 Payments Administration 8,535,058.52 26,122.59 Centre operations 6,374,072.55 19,508.62 Projects 24,652,386.53 75,451.63 Total payments 39,561,517.60 121,082.84 Net of receipts/(payments) 1,059,091.34 3,241.48 Recognised gains/losses 597,352.50 1,828.27 Cash funds last year end 6,787,407.43 20,773.69 Cash funds this year end 8,443,851.27 25,843.43 Income In fiscal year 2013, Kusamala generated or received $124, 324.32. Of that total, $93,832.13 came from grants and contracts, representing 75% of the income and a 2% decrease over last year. The grant received was for the JANEEMO project funded by the Scottish Government through the James Hutton Institute. Garden sales and trainings, which are the Centre’s main income generating activities, contributed 23% of the total income. Specifically the trainings (Apprentices, Courses and Tours) contributed 19% of the income representing a 16% increase from last fiscal year’s results. And during the same period, the market garden, which includes veg boxes and other nursery sales, generated 4% of the



total income representing a 12% decline over last year. Note, that that though the garden percentage contribution to the total income has declined, the garden recorded a 60% increase in its annual revenue compared to fiscal year 2012. Below is the graphical analysis of Kusamala’s incoming recourses in 2013 fiscal year. Income Analysis

Expenditure Kusamala expenses in fiscal year 2013 increases by 22%. The significant increase was due to increase in grants and contracts and consequently project activities. The expenditure is represented by the graph below.

In fiscal year 2014, Kusamala expects increased income from grants due from two projects that are expected to start in the year with funding from the Scottish Government and Nordic Climate Facilities through Dan Church Aid.



Management Board of Directors Guy Pickering Godfrey Chapola Grace Chimphonda Atusaye Mwalwanda Maureen Pickering Executive Director Molly Cheatum Permaculture Luwayo Biswick Programs & Communications Catherine Carlton Monitoring & Evaluation Chisomo Kamchacha Community Outreach & Operations Eston Mgala Agroecology Marie Raboin




Market Garden Enock Chikale Enock Alfred Joseph Kachere Samuel Kandiweni JANEEMO Issac Banda Gladson Chakwera Tchaison Kaipamdole Joel Nkhwentchera

1-­‐3 Months Alex Bury Oli Cripps Austin Dunn 3-­‐6 Months Becca Barrett Carolina De Lacruz Liz Duerholt Jo Lewin Benjamin Nyaru Megan Schulze Kristie Smith www.kusamala.org

Food & Nutrition Moreen Chunga Rhoda Godfrey Cecilia Katunga Implementation Daniel Chikhawo Green Kalitsiro Mike Ntande Security Disone Banda Zakaria Gama

Interns 6+ Months Aren Blake Alison Campbell Abigail Conrad Daniel Hoffman Lisa Morris


Report Compiled and Designed by Catherine Carlton Financials Compiled by Ephraim Chiunjiza Edited by Kate Orloski

Upcoming Projects in 2013/14

DanChurchAid Funded by Nordic Climate Facility Mainstreaming climate-­‐smart agriculture in solar irrigation schemes for sustainable local business development in Malawi 20 months

The James Hutton Institute & Climate Futures Funded by the Scottish Government Climate Smart Agriculture for rural smallholders in Malawi 3 years

Gospel Link Apprenticeship Program 3 months