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Issue 12

October 2013

Leishmeniasis 4 Red Wolf 7 5 Years of Android 11 Indian Legal System 13 Marriage: No Way 20 Global Competitions 22 Powerpuff Girls 26 Language war & me 29 Gandhiji & Untold Facts 32

Cover Page By:Prabhat Rajput


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Editor’s Page We completed a year in No time. Yes, no time. We haven’t yet achieved what we had thought of but we are on our way with strong will and we knew we will achieve what we seek. I would like to quote here one famous quote “Journey is more beautiful then destination” and so we strongly believe in enjoying every month spent with you all readers. We are improving from our side but still single reference can’t be perfect so send your opinions to us and we will try to include it. As we have completed one year we have started to search for more volunteers to add in our team. So if you are interested for being part of our team you are welcome. If you are thinking that how to manage it, then let me tell you that good work can be done over boundaries and it is among that. We have made little changes in magazine from this issue and you’ll find more changes in the magazine in later issues. We are going to add humor in our magazine, some news, more tech information, more event news and few more new categories. You’ll find this magazine as completely different in few months and you’ll get impressed with our work. The fall of rupee is still at its same place. Petrol price is still high. America is fighting to its economy and we are still providing you the content of information that too for free. We are not saying that we are the best but what we do is good and we need is your support. Keep reading this magazine and provide feed back to improve it so that we can provide you the best. We need is your support and in return we’ll provide you the best articles. We are looking for some translators who are good in translating English into Gujarati. We want to launch 13th issue in Gujarati to increase our reach. We want to reach every home of Gujarat and then India. The season of festivals is now On. Its days of Navratri now, then Dussehra and then Diiwali. So you’ll have happy mood this whole month and in addition to this we will bring something special this diwali for you all. On this first birthday we have brought the magazine in .apk format so you can have our magazine on you android smart phone and enjoy reading wherever you like whenever you like. So the magazine is now in offline mode too just for you with the same flipping way. So we have improvised ourselves in terms of technology and brought the best for you. We are planning to put it soon on Google Play Store so you can have all the issues at one place so new followers of this magazine can have the older issue of this magazine at fingertips.


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We are also now looking for guest writers who are willing to provide their articles for particular issue but not wishing for continuous article writing. Now you can send your articles as guest writer also with your article either in PDF or DOC or DOCX format at our email id bookbored@gmail.com. You can send your feed backs on the same email ids and the best suggestions will be put in action from next issues. We are looking for advertisers on this magazine so if you are interested in advertising on this magazine then you can contact us. Our low and affordable rate will be best to advertise your brand. Editor Kuldeep K Sarvaiya Protyle magazine info@protylehealthcare.com


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Leishmeniasis Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites that belong to the genus Leishmania and is transmitted by the bite of certain species of sand fly. SPECIES Leishmania tropica Leishmania major Leishmania aethiopica Leishmania Mexicana Leishmania braziliensis Leishmania donovani Leishmania infantum Leishmania chagasi

Disease Cutaneous leishmaniasis

Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis Visceral leishmaniasis

Sand Fly and Ulcer caused due to Leishmeniasis

Types 1.

Leishmania major: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis: wet lesions with severe reaction

2.

Leishmania tropica: Anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis: Dry lesions with minimal ulceration

Uncommon types ::1.

2.

Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (DCL): Caused by L. aethiopica, diffuse nodular non-ulcerating lesions. Low immunity to Leishmania antigens, numerous parasites. Leishmaniasis recidiva (lupoid leishmaniasis): Severe immunological reaction to leishmania antigen leading to persistent dry skin lesions, few parasites.


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Mechanism

Diagnosis Parasitological Diagnosis:Diagnosis:• Microscopy • Bone marrow Aspirate • Spleen Aspirate • Culture in NNN medium • Lymph Node • Tissue Biopsy Immunological Diagnosis:Diagnosis:• Specific serologic tests: Direct Agglutination Test (DAT), ELISA, IFAT • Skin test (leishmanin test) for survey of populations and follow-up after treatment. • Non specific detection of hypergammaglobulinaem by formaldehyde (formol-gel) test or by electrophoresis

DAT test

ELISA test


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Cutaneous Leishmeniasis Diagnosis: • •

Smear: Giemsa stain – microscopy for LD bodies (amastigotes) Biopsy: microscopy for LD bodies or culture in NNN medium for promastigotes

Treatment: • •

No treatment – self-healing lesions Medical: • Pentavalent antimony (Pentostam), Amphotericin B • +/- Antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection.

Surgical: • Cryosurgery • Excision • Curettage

Visceral Leishmeniasis • • • •

There are geographical variations. The diseases is called kala-azar Leishmania infantum mainly affect children Leishmania donovani mainly affects adults

Sign and symptoms ::Fever, Splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, hepatosplenomegaly, Weight loss, Anaemia, Epistaxis, Cough, Diarrhoea Untreated disease can be fatal After recovery it might produce a condition called post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) .

Article By Harni Patel harnipatel6393@gmail.com


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Red Wolf Status :Critically Endangered The red wolf is one of two species of wolves in Population : Around 100the world, the other being the gray wolf, Canis 120 Individuals lupus. As their name suggests, red wolves are Scientific Name : known for the characteristic reddish color of Canis rufus their fur most apparent behind the ears and Weight : 20-35 kg along the neck and legs, but are mostly brown and buff colored with some black along their backs. Intermediate in size to gray wolves and coyotes, the average adult red wolf weighs 45-80 pounds, stands about 26 inches at the shoulder and is about 4 feet long from the tip of the nose to the end of the tail.

Habitat Preferred habitat is warm, moist, and densely vegetated; although they were also present in pine forest, bottom land hardwood forests, coastal prairies, and marshes. One managed wild population of approximately 200 Red Wolves in the Outer Banks area of North Carolina covering 1.7 million acres of private and public land known as Alligator River. Additional site at St. Vincent’s Island National Wildlife Refuge near Apalachicola, FL.

Characteristics Red wolves are primarily nocturnal (active at night), and communicate by scent marking, vocalizations (including howling), facial expressions and body postures. Shy and secretive, red wolves hunt alone or in small packs -- complex social structures that include the breeding adult pair (the alpha male and female) and their offspring. Red wolves tend to form pair-bonds for life. Size of the pack varies with the size of available prey populations. A hierarchy of dominant and subordinate animals within the pack helps it to function as a unit. Dens are often located in hollow trees, stream banks and sand knolls.


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Threats The population of red wolves suffered as a result of persecution and habitat loss as mature woodlands were cleared to make way for agriculture. Red wolves were extensively trapped and shot, as they were believed to pose a direct threat to livestock and game. Hybridization posed a further threat to the survival of the species, as the population became increasingly fragmented; isolated individuals would crossbreed with the closely related coyote (Canis latrans). The taxonomic status of the red wolf has been widely debated. Recent genetic and morphological research suggests that the red wolf is a unique species, rather than the hybrid offspring from gray wolf (Canis lupus) and coyote (Canis latrans) interbreeding.


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Conservation Despite the ongoing debate as to the species status of the red wolf, the recovery programme initiated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is one of the most successful large mammal conservation efforts. Steps to save this muchmaligned species began in 1967 and culminated in the re-introduction of captive -bred individuals into the wild. Four pairs of red wolves were released in North Carolina starting in 1987. A second attempt in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee was conducted between 1992 and 1998, but was cancelled due to the inability of wolves to establish home ranges within the park, and extremely low pup survival, caused by diseases from domestic dogs. The North Carolina population is currently doing well, an amazing feat considering the species was at one time extinct in the wild. The species is fully protected within the current range, but educational programmes around the release areas are essential in ensuring public support and success of the re-introduction. Public opinion surveys continue to show that local, regional and national support for the program is favorable.


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5 Years of Android Back in 2008, when the first Android powered device walked in to the world, no one imagined that the open source platform for mobiles one day would become the largest mobile operating system in the coming years! We all know how far Android of 2013 has come leaving behind the 2008 version. We agree that Google has innovated to the extremes by bringing many features that no one even imagined could come to a small device, but that does not take away from the fact that Google has to go on innovating and improving its mobile OS to maintain and enjoy being the largest OS in the market. Here's a sneak peek into the future to understand what can Android bring 7 years down in 2020. Starting with the interesting naming conventions of the Androids and assuming that Google brings one version per year, its codename should start with an "R". And the version can probably be named Rhubarb Pie, Rice Pudding or who knows Rasgulla or Ruhafza! Below might be the four biggest features of Android's ongoing evolution over the next seven years, have a look!

Android Maps in 2020 We all know that Google maps already have some upcoming competition considering the Apple's Maps app and Nokia's offering is running behind real fast! This means that to sustain the lead, Google would be required to take some big steps. We saw a greater level of customisation based on your personal searches in the 2013 Google Maps refresh and this will definitely increase in the future. As Google Now and Google Latitude are already tracking every move of yours, expect to see directions to your favorite restaurant every lunchtime. And who knows that with the Android-powered bar installed in the restaurant, you might even find your the supple of your choice waiting for your arrival. Also as street view is growing day by day, expect Android 2020 to offer better imagery of most public buildings together with tappable info.


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Android Messenger? There's no reason why Google should lag behind to steal one of the only marketing points of BlackBerry, i.e. its messenger. But as we expect something big from Google's camp, do not be surprised if they bring messaging game, covering SMS, email, instant messaging and video calling with tools combined in to one messenger by Android. So you won't require separate apps for each. And considering that Google is working on ultra fast internet services in US and Wi-Fi balloons around the world, don't be surprised to see free 5G video calling and texting between Android devices by 2020, with all of your conversations grouped by person rather than platform, and archived and searchable in Gmail.

Android Payments & Security Face recognition and fingerprint sensor are things of past, remember the NFC chip tattoo and pills that Google is working upon to make your identity unique? So get set for the Google Authenticator app of 2020 which would come with a NFC chip and will allow you to log into Gmail as soon as sit on you laptop or will make your payments as you step out of your restaurant!

Android Based hardware Hardware based innovations are going to play a big role in Android's Journey. Expect a smaller, thinner, and faster phones with bendable screens. Expect all new displays, brilliant batteries and superb mobile processors. Now expect a competitor of Galaxy Gear. Plus we can see wearable device in clothing too which my simply click, pick and stream the best pictures from your day. Expect deeper integration of Android in your life in 2020, but we hope that we will be able to trust Google with more and more information of our whereabouts with them!

Article By Vivek Parekh vivekparekh8@gmail.com


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Indian Legal System: Problems and Challenges Disclaimer: The given article is just for sake of awareness and it does not target any particular person or institution or anything. The magazine or author do not want to hurt sentiments of anybody and we respect the legal system. The Judiciary interprets laws enacted by the legislature and dispenses justice according to those laws. The judiciary must act independently without fear or favor. The judges must be honest and men of courage and integrity. However, it must be remembered that the Indian legal system is a legacy of our colonial rulers and with the passing of time many evils have crept into it and it fails to satisfy the aspiration of the people. Hence there is urgent need of a complete overhaul of judicial machinery. Honesty and integrity of the Judges must be given too much priority. The judges should not merely be honest but also seem to be so. Besides being honest, fearless and independent, they must also be learned and wise. They must have sound legal knowledge, and must also know how to apply that legal knowledge to the cases before them. They must be able to separate the grain of truth from the chaff of falsehood. They must be firm and above suspicion so that they may decide a case fearlessly and give their judgment without fear or favor. They must have a conscience so that they may tell themselves at the end of each day that has done their best according to the light that is within them. There is something in the very nature of the office of a judge and the function he performs that demands that he should be a person of high integrity, whatever may be the moral norms prevailing in other walks of life. The judiciary has neither the power of the purse not that of the sword. Its most valuable asset in the confidence it inspires and the respect it evokes for this capacity to redress the wrongs of those knocking at the door of the Courts and to keep the scales even in any dispute between the rich and the poor, the mighty and the weak, the State and the Citizens, without fear or favor. This can only be ensured if the judiciary is manned by persons who cannot be lured by pecuniary or other temptations or by rewards or undue power and authority. Once the image of the judiciary is tarnished because of the doing of some of its members and its credibility goes down, the loss is not merely that of the judiciary, the nation itself is deprived of the most stabilizing element in the even flow of its life.


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Once an impression prevails that justice is a purchasable commodity and those who administer it can be tempted, the common man would be left with no forum to look for redress of the grievances. There is nothing which rankles in the human so such as a brooding sense of injustice. We must remember that in the final analysis the people are the judges and that every trail is a trail of our judiciary system also. Its strength and weakness, its success and failure, its utility and credibility, the respect would depend ultimately upon the way it satisfies the hopes and aspirations of the people in quest of justice.

The problem of delay and the accumulation of huge arrears of cases both in the lower-courts, the High Courts, and the Supreme Court have assumed serious dimensions and invited a lot of criticism of the entire legal system. The causes of this delay are many. There are lacunas within the law itself of which clever lawyers take undue advantage and seek adjournments on personal grounds, for the benefit of their clients. Justice delayed is justice denied. The flaws in the legal system give rise to unlimited frivolous suits, the purpose being not to seek redress but to cause harassment to the opponent. This is one of the most important causes of the accumulation of arrears. Lok Adalats are being held constantly in some one chosen centre or the other, but they touch merely the tip of the iceberg. The expansion of judiciary has not kept pace in the lower courts, the Judges fail to assert themselves either out of lethargy or fear of tussle with the lawyers leading to strikes etc. The problem of delay must be faced boldly and quickly both by reforming the legal system and by eliminating extraneous factors responsible for such delay. This existing system must be improved to meet modern requirements. The Constitution of India provides for a very delicate process of consultation between the executive and the judiciary in the matter of appointment of judges through Supreme Court and the High Courts. A qualitative improvement in judicial appointments can only be achieved of all the constitutional functionaries involved in the consultative process strive to attract and find the best talent of character and dedication. Extraneous consideration such as caste, community, religion, and politics must not prejudice the selection of judges. But we must remember that the judicial system and legal machinery do not


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work in isolation from society. They are integral parts of the entire social and political system. Their working depends on the co-operation of other elements. We must have a non-political, efficient, dedicated honest and upright judiciary which must have a non-political, efficient, dedicated, honest and upright judiciary which must be aware of its responsibilities and remain fearless. Only such persons should be appointed as Judges, who enjoy the confidence and trust of the nation. They must be allowed to function is such a manner that the country is assured of fair and equal justice along with the achievement of political, social and economic justice. If judges with special acquaintance or competence or those who have specialized in certain branches of law are allotted cases under that particular branch of law, the time taken by judges who are not familiar with the branch, specially of it is a specialized branch. Benches formed of competent judges should be allowed to function for a reasonable length of time and the judges constituting the Bench should know well in advance when the Bench is to break, so that there may be no part-heard cases left by the Bench after is it dismantled. This however requires discipline on the part of judges themselves. They must sit in time. They must not absent themselves from the Court simply because there are certain rights to have some leave of absence. This a matter on which the internal discipline of judges is very essential. They must realize that they hold a high and dignified position in society. The business of the courts should be so arranged as to avoid the situation of old cases getting older and of new cases receiving priority. Lack of proper listing and proper notice of new cases and the given priority to old cases is a factor which contributes to the accumulation of arrears and to maladministration of justices. Matters involving common questions of law must be grouped and posted together for hearing before the same Bench not only to save the precious time of court but to avoid conflicting decisions and ensure a uniformity in approach leading to certainly and continuity in the progressive development of law. The management of the court system should be modernized by taking advantage of new technology. While computers have invaded all fields of activity in the country and modern technological advances have radically altered the working in offices, the judiciary has remained outside the mainstream of this technological advancement. It is, therefore, necessary that every High Court must have a computerized system for keeping a catalogue of pending cases, a computerized library index of its decisions to avoid conflicting decisions, and adequate number of word processors, photo-copying machines and electronic typewriters, a computerized micro-filming centre for maintenance of record and a telex system connecting the Supreme Court with other Courts. This is essential for inter-communication and interaction among different courts.


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An overwhelming majority of special leave petition filed in the Supreme Court are dismissed and yet there are no sign of decrease in filing such petitions. Frequently adjournments are sough upsetting the schedule of work. The responsibility to comply with the instructions of delays. Lawyers frequently indulge in lengthy arguments before the court. There is need to reduce the quantum of oral arguments prepared with great caution and precision. Judicial time can be saved to a great extent and the settlement of cases expedited.

Article By Nirav Majevadiya niravmajevadiya@gmail.com


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Pict-o-graph

It’s the Navratri celebrated by some of our Volunteers And My classmates. Its awesome time playing garba at Nirma. This time the joy is going to Increase manifold as its last year of us there. HAPPY NAVRATRI TO YOU ALL.


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Marriage: No way!!

Once you cross 20’s the biggest concern in your family is your marriage. Its true that father don’t give damn to the marriage thing when you are boy because he knows very well about the side effects of it. It’s the mummy who set everything for you and then you are hanged, or I should say you get married. Marriage is something which I would like to compare with pastries. The cream on top makes you feel good initially but once it get over, it hard to finish it. Most of the authors have wrote on this marriage thing. It’s the widely written topic and so I decided to write something up on this based on my personal experiences. I’ve just entered in my 20’s and I am feeling much free now. Right now I am having no responsibility of my own. I can have fun with friends, do whatever I want to and celebrate my freedom. But people can’t see our happiness and someone who is most jealous of our happiness will remind our parents that “your son/daughter is now adult”, “It doesn’t look good the way he move here and there”, “He/she should be married soon”. They say this just for their benefit and jealousy and the one who is going to suffer from then onwards is you. From the next day you will observe that your mummy is busy contacting her friends and relative to hang you. Within one month they will finalize one candidate for you and then the meeting will be set, without prior notice to you. The Indian judiciary system has a rule about this but here there are no ground rules. No one plays fair here and the one who is going to pay is you and your freedom. The biggest problem today's generation facing is that they want satisfaction. They want to know the people fully before they marry as they think they have to spent their whole life with that person. They call it a greatest decision of their life. Well if you ask me I would just like to quote that no matter how much you think or wait when there is no option of WIN how can you? Marriage is looseloose and thus no matter how much you know each other you will have problems in life. I would compare marriage with Diabetes (as a pharmacist I can’t compare it with mobile models.) as both have one thing in common. They both are package of problems. There are less complications in Maths textbook then with both these things. You spent your whole life regretting this mistake and then ultimately you fed up with your life and you die. If I was great scientist


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(which I am not) I would have gave a theory that people die because they marry. Now some big brains will question my theory that what about the people who don’t get marry? Why do they die? Well the answer is simple, they die as they regret on not doing this mistake. Marriage is something which break you in pieces when it hits you, and the same occurs to you when you hit it. The encounters between a boy and girl at the time when the family is setting meeting is the funniest meeting in the world. If someone needs good laughter, one can document their first encounter. My first encounter was the worst to remember. I was sent alone for meeting at their house. When I reached there I was like what to do next. I sat on sofa and then I was served water. After returning the glass, I was sitting as if I am hijacked by a gang of terrorists. Every eye was staring me (staring is appropriate here as looking is too normal for that case). I have given many interviews but I was never nervous as was on that day. The father of that girl started a formal conversation with me, and things were going normal but then I was sent for private conversation with that girl. This was the worst part of whole thing. I was sweating like hell in winter evening. My lips were sealed by Fevicol and I wasn’t able to utter a single word from mouth. After 10 minute of silent private talk she asked me my name and after 5 minute more thinking I was able to provide answer. This can only be silent moments between a boy and girl, if they get married. After this day the boy can’t utter a single word, the only one who speak is girl. (More appropriately wife.) If you want to go by benefit to risk ratio then too the answer is clear like mineral water. Don’t go for it, because there is no benefit. There are loss which you’ll pay for rest of your life. People spent lacks of rupees in their marriages. Do you know how I sees it? This the first day from when you start paying for your mistake which continues life long. So whenever someone ask you for marriage the only thing I would recommend is “Marriage: No way!!”. Well I can’t stop you heading to dark and ruin your life. I can give you advice and which I did already and do pranks if you get any encounter for marriage meeting. It’ll be more fun then that of marriage life.


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Global Competitions

Academic Conference 2014 on Urban Spaces Prize: The results will be announced on 6th November, 2013. 4 paper proposals per stream will be accepted while another 2 will be waitlisted. All the accepted papers will be published in the Conference Proceedings. Region: India Eligibility: Postgraduate level, Undergraduate level, Graduate level Deadline: 27-10-2013 Description: The Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Madras, will be hosting its third Academic Conference from 7th-9th February 2014. Under the overarching theme of ‘Urban Spaces’, the three day conference will have a session each on Economics, English Studies and Development Studies. Those interested in presenting their research papers in the conference will be selected through this 'Call for Papers’, from which four papers will be selected under each stream. The paper presentations will take place over the course of three days of the conference. Trying to completely understand the ‘urban’ is like chasing the proverbial pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. It is always just out of arm’s reach, not because we do not recognize the inequality and polarity but because of our need to categorize. We forget to realize that crime is also found in the sophisticated city and economic revival in the slums. Typically described as a space pertaining to the characteristics of a city, it invokes images of sophisticated technology, a transportation grid, the spatial boundaries as well as the imaginative structure that exists in the minds of the citizens. Yet, the urban space can and should refer to more than just the stereotypical city in all its infrastructural glory. It is also the space of inequality, of socio-economic disparity, where the spillover of the ‘development’ glory forms the accompanying structures of informal economies and semi-slum areas. Rarely considered as anything beyond the urbane, we hope to reconstruct the city’s identity in academia, taking into account its entire personality, warts and all. For More Details Visit “http://www.hss.iitm.ac.in/conference/”


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Living with Differences: International Student Photo Contest Prize: 1st prize: $200 Amazon Gift Certificate Two 2nd prizes: $100 Amazon Gift Certificate Region: Global Eligibility: Postgraduate level, Non-students, MBA Student, Undergraduate level, Graduate level Deadline: 31-10-2013 Description: Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs announces its first International Student Photography Contest. The contest is a call for photographs that depict pluralism, the concept of living harmoniously with differences. It is open to students ages 13+ around the world. The contest is part of Ethics for a Connected World, a three-year global education project in celebration of the 2014 Carnegie Council Centennial. The Centennial project connects people across the globe in joint pursuit of Andrew Carnegie's vision for global responsibility—what we call a "global ethic." Is there such a thing? If not, should we try to create one? In a world with tremendous diversity of beliefs and cultures, how do we live together amicably? Carnegie Council believes that part of the answer lies in pluralism—the appreciation of diversity and differences, with recognition of and respect for shared values. Students everywhere can take part in this project by submitting photography that depicts the concept of living harmoniously with differences. The photography contest will be conducted via Carnegie Council's online Global Ethics Network, a social media platform for exploring the role of ethics in international affairs through multimedia resources. For More Details Visit “http://www.globalethicsnetwork.org/profiles/blogs/livingwith-differences-international-student-photo-contest”

AAAS Poster Competition Prize: The winner will receive cash award, certificate and one year free membership of AAAS. Region: Global Eligibility: Undergraduate, Graduate and Post Graduate. Deadline: 04-11-2013


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Description: Open to postdocs and professionals, the General Poster Session provides an opportunity for participants to present their research to the broad community of scientists attending the AAAS Annual Meeting. Accepted posters will be listed in the 2014 AAAS Annual Meeting Poster Book. Abstracts will appear on the Annual Meeting CD that is bound into the Program Book. All poster submitters are required to register for the Annual Meeting in a paid registration category. You must have a valid Visa, MasterCard, or American Express account number to register online. Please note, on-site registration rates are higher. Board assignments will be distributed at the check-in desk in the Exhibit Hall. Register online or print out a registration form after you receive notification that your poster was accepted. In order to participate in the poster session, confirmed presenters must pay the meeting registration fee no later than Wednesday, 20 November 2013. For Details Visit “http://www.aaas.org/meetings/2014/program/posters/”

Challenge Yourself India 2014 Prize: Two winners will be awarded with full tuition waivers for master’s programmes at two prestigious Chalmers University of Technology and Linköping University. Region: India Eligibility: Undergraduate level, Graduate level Deadline: 12-11-2013 Description: Show your skills and prove your ambition, start your career at an English-taught Master’s programme in Sweden autumn 201 and compete for scholarships worth 40L. Challenge Yourself India is a competition with two participating universities, Chalmers University of Technology and Linköping University. The competition is supported by the Swedish Institute (SI), a public agency that promotes interest and confidence in Sweden around the world. Two winners will be awarded with full tuition waivers for master’s programmes at two prestigious Swedish universities. What participants in the competitions have to do: Sign up and complete the online competition – this includes: Answering multiple choice questions


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Answering a short case question Writing a motivational statement What you can win: Full tuition fee waiver for one of the following master’s programmes: CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY - Master's Programme in Systems, Control and Mechatronics - Master's Programme in Communication Engineering LINKÖPING UNIVERSITY - Master's Programme in Statistics - Master's Programme in Biomedical Engineering - Master's Programme in Communications Systems VIP invitation to prize ceremony Application fee, charged by University Admissions, paid by competition organizer which entitles winner to apply to 4 programmes at a Swedish university. Winner’s certificate

For More Details Visit “http://www.challengeyourself.in/”

For more such Global events and Award News Visit http://xbii.proboards.com


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Powerpuff Girls The Powerpuff Girls is an American animated television series created by animator Craig McCracken and produced by Cartoon Network Studios for Cartoon Network. The show centers on Blossom, Bubbles, and Buttercup, three kindergarten-aged girls with superpowers, as well as their "father", the brainy scientist Professor Utonium, who all live in the fictional city of Townsville, USA. The girls are frequently called upon by the town's childlike and naive mayor to help fight nearby criminals using their powers. McCracken originally developed the show in 1992 as a cartoon short entitled Whoopass Stew! while in his second year at CalArts. Following a name change, Cartoon Network featured the first Powerpuff Girls pilots in its animation showcase program World Premiere Toons in 1995 and 1996. The series made its official debut as a Cartoon Cartoon on November 18, 1998, with the final episode airing on March 25, 2005. A total of 78 episodes were aired in addition to two shorts, a Christmas special, a feature film, and a tenth anniversary special. Additionally, the series has been nominated for six Emmy Awards, nine Annie Awards, and a Kids' Choice Award during its run. Spin-off media include an anime, three CD soundtracks, a home video collection, and a series of video games, as well as various licensed merchandise. The series has received generally positive reception and won four awards.

Overview The Powerpuff Girls revolves around the adventures of Blossom, Bubbles, and Buttercup. Each of the girls has a color: Blossom is pink, Bubbles is blue, and Buttercup is green. The plot of a typical episode is some humorous variation of standard superhero and tokusatsu fare, with the girls using their powers to defend their town from villains and giant monsters. In addition, the girls have to deal with normal issues young children face, such as sibling rivalries, loose teeth, personal hygiene, going to school, bed wetting, or dependence on a security blanket. The setting of the show is mainly the city of Townsville, USA. Townsville is depicted as a major American city, with a cityscape consisting of several major skyscrapers.


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Characters As depicted in the opening sequence of each episode, the Powerpuff Girls were created by Professor Utonium in an attempt "to create the perfect little girls" using a mixture of "sugar, spice, and everything nice" (shown in respective fields of baby blue, light green, and pink). However, he accidentally spilled a mysterious substance called "Chemical X" into the mixture, creating, instead of the "perfect little girl", three girls (each possessing one of the above elements dominating her personality), and granting all three superpowers including flight, super strength, super speed, near invulnerability, x-ray vision, super senses, heat vision, and energy projection. In the original plot, the accidental substance was a can of "Whoopass", which was replaced by "Chemical X" in the aired version. Blossom is the self-proclaimed leader of the Powerpuff Girls. Her personality ingredient is "everything nice", her signature color is pink, and she has long red hair with a red bow. She was named for having spoken freely and honestly to the Professor shortly after her creation as shown in the Powerpuff Girls Movie. She is often seen as the most level-headed, and composed member of the group and also strong and determined. She is able to speak Chinese. Her unique power is freezing objects with her breath. •

Bubbles is the cute and sensitive one. Her personality ingredient is sugar, her signature color is blue, and she has short blonde hair in two pigtails. Bubbles is seen as kind and very sweet but she is also capable of extreme rage and can fight monsters just as well as her sisters can. Her best friend is a stuffed octopus doll she calls "Octi", and she also loves animals. She exhibits the ability to both understand foreign languages such as Spanish, and communicate with various animals (squirrels, cats, monsters), and her unique power is emitting supersonic waves with her voice. •

Buttercup is the toughest of the three. Her personality ingredient is spice, her signature color is green, and she has short black hair in a flip. She is a tomboy, who loves to get dirty, fights hard, and plays rough, she does not plan and is all action. Buttercup is the only Powerpuff Girl without a unique super power (aside from being able to curl her tongue). McCracken originally wanted to name the character "Bud" until a friend suggested the name Buttercup. •


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2013 Special On January 28, 2013, it was announced that a new CGI special titled The Powerpuff Girls: Dance Pants R-EVIL-ution starring the girls will premiere later in the year. The special will feature Ringo Starr of The Beatles singing a new original song "I Wish I Was a Powerpuff Girl" and voicing a new character named Fibonacci Sequins. The special will be directed by Dave Smith, who directed episodes for the series in the past, with the original cast members returning to reprise their roles. This Powerpuff Girls special marks the first time that series creator Craig McCracken had no input.


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Language War & Me

“H’llo every1 wassup? Yeah I know you’ll say Its going well. Some cool guys MiGht Say that Yo, bro…….. Everything is goin owsome.” You might be thinking now that either author has gone mad or he is trying to be cool. Well none of the above is true. I am just pointing out the language which we use commonly in our chat and facebook statuses. It makes people like your status and you get symbol of coolness. However there are some oxford dictionaries too which correct your every mistakes. They will say its You’re not you’r or your. They will find small mistakes in your spellings and thus I call that kind of people oxford dictionary. Now you might be thinking that I am among those guys who makes spelling mistake and I am proud of it. No, the truth is I like to write right spellings and correct grammar just the way I write in my articles. But I don’t criticize anybody for their spelling mistakes or anything which they write in their status. I mean language is the medium of communication, not the topic to have war on. Now a days there are mainly two groups on internet: one of those cool guys who proudly write wrong spellings and enjoys it. The second is group of people oxford dictionaries and grammar books. They just keep correcting mistakes of others to show their coolness. Its since long time man keep on finding new and newer ways to fight on. It’s the nature of animals, and it can’t be controlled. They just require some point to fight on and they’ll put their full attention to win it. I think the people who discovered language for expressing feelings or requirements via words might not be knowing that in future this thing can also be used for grouping of human beings. They just thought that it will be the best way of communication and thoughts can be transferred easily from one being to the another. But now the situation is cold war is going on between two kinds of people. There are large number of languages in world. Many languages are dead already and many are at the point of death. It’s the rule of world that the things which born are surely going to die one day. So same things are happening to languages too. Some people can’t accept the changes and can’t get adjusted to it and then it leads to gap between thoughts of that generation. This leads to the cold war between them and then the entertainment begins for people like me. I always enjoy conversation between that kind of people on pages which are famous on facebook and read every line.


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I know that languages are the things which are something through which people are identified. If you don’t respect the language then you are disrespecting the whole community. Every civilization or community is always proud of the language they uses. There is one saying in Gujarati “jyi> pN vs[[ g&jrit) Ryi> Ryi> vs[ g&jrit.” It means that wherever there is Gujarati person there is Guajarat. When two gujarati people meet each other they prefer to talk in gujarati instead of other language. This was the older scenario. Now there are equal English, Hindi and other language words in people’s day to day talk. People are going global and so does their languages. Soon there will be common language and which will be known as Global language. Some tech savvy people will say that it won’t happen. There will be gadgets available soon which will make us able to speak and understand any language. It’s a good sign that we are heading to learn new languages without learning them.

The older generation, not all but some which stick to their old thought always raises questions about this. They seem too much possessive about this issue and they are not happy with current scenario. There are some new generation people too which like sticking to those thoughts. Well I guess its not wrong to speak and write the language in the way it should be written but there is no wrong in current scenario too. Languages are for the communication, if it can be achieved with it, what is the need to blame someone. I strongly recommend that those who want to speak pure language do it, but why to suggest someone


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who don’t care to listen you. Why to create this hype and mislead people. We already have religions for that purpose. People are already fighting for that and now the languages are in waiting list which soon will be there in this list.

At the end I would like to quote one example. Consider that someone gave you some dish which have just one flavor and that too in excess. Consider something sweet or sour in excess. Can you have it till your satisfaction? If you answer is yes, then you can stick to the rules you like to go for. But if your answer is No, then think twice that language is dish only. Single flavor makes it boring. People like varieties and so they want same from languages. So stop worrying about this small problem, and start thinking on some big problem as we got many of them.


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Gandhiji & Untold Facts Most of Indians remember Gandhiji on two occasions mainly: on 2 October and while counting the money. Jokes apart here we brought some of the unknown facts about him. •

He was not born a courageous, outspoken leader. In fact, in his autobiography, he says that, as a boy, he was so shy that he would run home from school because he could not bear to talk to anybody.

He was a walking enthusiast. Walking, he said, “is justly called the prince of exercises". He began enjoying long walks in high school, preferring lengthy rambles to organized sports. As a law student in London, he saved money by walking as many as eight to ten miles a day. It was primarily those long walks, he said, that “kept me practically free from illness throughout my stay in England and gave me a fairly strong body". All those years of walking served him well during the Salt March of 1930 when, at the age of 60, he walked 241 miles from his ashram to the sea at Dandi.

Once during a train journey a British asked Gandhi to get out of the train as he was considered as a ‘black’. But Gandhi refused as he had the ticket with him. The British and the Railway officer cruelly pushed Gandhi out of the train. This is a sample of Gandhi’s bitter experiences with British.

While in England in 1931, Gandhi made his first radio broadcast for the United States. The first thing the people of the United States heard the Mahatma say was, “Do I have to speak into this thing?”

Gandhi was basically very helping and concerned about others. Once while he was boarding train one of his shoes slipped and fell on to the track. He instantly removed the other shoe and threw it near the first one. His intention was to help the person who would find the pair and help himself.

His life aims were truth, non-violence, spiritualism, religiousness, honesty, discipline, loyalty, aspiration and so on. All these excellent high qualities made him the Mahatma which means a great soul.

Gandhi was extremely punctual. One of his very few possessions was a dollar watch. Just before he was assassinated, on January 30, 1948, Gandhi was upset because he was ten minutes late getting to a regular prayer meeting.


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Time Magazine, the famous U.S. publication, named Mahatma Gandhi the Man of the Year in 1930.

Gandhi was funny! One example: When asked by a reporter what he thought of Western civilization, Gandhi replied, “I think it would be a very good idea.”

The same caisson, or gun carriage, that bore Gandhi’s body during his funeral in 1948 was used in 1997 for Mother Teresa’s funeral.

In the Zulu war of 1906, Mahatma Gandhi commanded the stretcherbearer corps, which comprised of Indian volunteers formed to treat the British soldiers injured in this war.

He worked as an editor for several English, Hindi and Gujarati newspapers in India as well as South Africa, including the Harijan, Indian Opinion (South Africa) and the Young India.

Mahatma Gandhi's autobiography titled An Autobiography of My Experiments with Truth, which gives a detailed account of his life till 1920, was published in 1927. In 1999, HarperCollins publishers declared it one of the '100 Most Important Spiritual Books of the 20th Century'.

Mahatma Gandhi was chosen for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1948, but he was assassinated before it was conferred to him. In response to this, the Nobel Committee decided not to award the Peace Prize for that year. •

In 1999, Gandhi was declared the runner-up for Time magazine's 'Person of the Century' title (which eventually went to Albert Einstein.)

He was educated at London University and became an attorney. But the first time he attempted to make a speech in court, his knees trembled, and he was so frightened that he had to sit down in confusion and defeat.

As a lawyer in London, he got nowhere at all. He was practically a failure there. Years before, when he first came to England, his Irish teacher made him copy the Sermon on the Mount, over and over again, purely as an exercise in English. Hour after hour, Gandhi wrote “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. . . . Blessed are the peacemakers for they shall be called the children of God,” and these words made a profound impression on him.


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His income during those days in South Africa touched fifteen thousand dollars a year! Something still a dream for most Indians !

Mahatma Gandhi experimented with diets to see how cheaply he could live and remain healthy. He started living principally on fruit and goats’ milk and olive oil.

Mahatma Gandhi never visited the US, but he had many American fans and followers. One of his more unusual admirers was Henry Ford. Gandhi sent him an autographed charkha (spinning wheel) through a journalist emissary. During the darkest days of the Second World War, Ford, who was struck by the charkha’s “mechanical simplicity and high moral purpose,” would often spin on “the symbol of economic independence that Gandhi had sent.

Mahatma Gandhi inspired millions of people world over to take the path of non-violence and civil disobedience. 5 world leaders who got Noble Peace prize viz. Martin Luther King Jr. (USA), Dalai Lama (Tibet), Aung San SuuKyi (Myanmar), Nelson Mandela (S. Africa) and Adolfo Perez Esquivel (Argentina) have acknowledged the fact that they were influenced by the philosophy of Gandhi. Yet, Mahatma Gandhi; the man who inspired these Nobel Peace Prize winners, never got a Noble Prize ! We think it is a loss for the Noble - the prize; not for Gandhi - the man who is above all prizes.

Gandhiji loved his Mother tongue Gujarati very much. He wrote his autobiography, in Gujarati. His personal assistant ShriMahadev Desai had translated it into English.

He hates photographers and taking photos. But the fact is, at that time, he was the only person hugely photographed.

Gandhiji had not celebrated India’s first independence day of 1947, August 15. He didn’t sent greetings also. And more he was on fast to condemn the communal riots and the partition of country into India and Pakistan.

Note: All the facts and pictures used in this article are sourced from Internet, their authenticity is debatable. I personally may not be able to vouch for their accuracy and magazine do not held any responsibility for any claim. Its just an informative article, we do not want to hurt sentiments of any personnel or community.


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Facts and Figures •

Coconut kill about 150 people each year which is more than that of shark.

According to Gemological Institute of America, up until 1896, India was only the source of Diamonds to the world. •

A manned rocket reaches the moon in less time than it took a stagecoach to travel the length of England. •

If the Earth was smooth, the ocean would cover the entire surface to a depth of 12000 feet. •

Because of the Rotation of the earth, an object can be thrown farther if it is thrown in west. •

160 cars can drive side by side on the Monumental axis in Brazil, the world’s widest road. •

Tasmania, Australia has the cleanest air in the inhabited world. •

A blind chameleon still changes its color to match his environment. •

The Portuguese jellyfish tentacles have been known to grow a mile in length, catching anything in its path by stinging its prey. •

There are about two chickens for every human being on earth. •

A Boeing 747’s wingspan is longer than the Wright brother’s first flight. •



Protyle issue 12