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Kuhn PARK Assistant Professor College of Architecture Texas Tech University Mail Stop 42091 Lubbock, TX 79409 806.742.3136 x240

selected teaching, research & design works

teaching design studio . undergraduate (including selected examples of student works) design studio . graduate digital media integrative building modeling research & design (creative activities) ceb machine reading and writing Rothko flexible representational schema in design practice

CCarr . collected final presentation drawings

Performative Architecture : material . components . assemblies . envelope



This third year studio focuses on design information and construction information. The studio consists of two parts: investigation (precedents study & provocation) and emergence (semester project). Investigation project decomposes materials, components, and assemblies of predominant precedents, which expand the boundary of building envelope. After the thorough digital and physical registration of the precedents, students are required to go beyond the collected information. They criticize, change, and propose certain variable in the precedent to emphasize or improve a specific quality. The semester project, emergence, explores layers of seeds (shape) and rules/ strategies (grammar) in which space unfolds in indeterminate ways, in contrast to the fixity of programmed acts. The cultural identity and spatial practice are rethought through layers of acts that record, shift, and transform meanings and shapes. One of the prominent computational design theories, Shape Grammar, is utilized. Students are analyzing fundamental shapes and structures of the natural objects, and developing into the biological inspirations. As a studio instructor, I aim to perpetuate knowledge and inspire learning. I introduce students to a canon of design theories and knowledge in building envelope, and ask students to articulate their reactions, not only presenting a collection but also generating critical making and thinking. To this end, I seek a balance in this course between investigating, making, and discovering. Applications: Illustrator, Rhino or FormZ, AutoCAD, EcoTect, and Laser Cutter Criteria: Use of Precedents, and Building Envelope Systems (Preparatory: Visual Communication Skills, Environmental Systems, and Building Materials and Assemblies)

kuhnpark . teaching MCard


Dynamic Space Mediator JAD international design competition : SOFT SPACE submission poster . special selection SDanley & SStevens

SDanley & SStevens

Parametric & Relational Architecture : Soft Space This graduate studio & seminar introduces students to the next generation of digital design and tools that facilitate movement between digital idea and physical prototyping. Founding from the generative aspect of computation, the studio methodically moves through a project exploring logical thinking, algorithmic design, physical making and prototyping. The digital-physical environments that the seminar introduces are Processing, Rhinoceros, Grasshopper and Arduino. The studio is exploring the possibilities offered by algorithmic design through Processing and Grasshopper.


When it moves from digital to the physical realm, the seminar’s investigations are developed around the theme of “response”. The studio explores responsiveness in two ways – how design can change its organization relative to a phenomenon and how a phenomenon can be transformed through the design. In both case response is understood as a morphological change and expression. At this moment, SOFT SPACE emerges. SOFT SPACE could be conceptualized by pliancy, flexibility, multi-functionality, and responsiveness. Applications: Processing, Rhino, Grasshopper, Arduino, and Digital fabrication system Criteria: Critical Thinking Skills, Research Skills kuhnpark . teaching

MCox & SHanlon

the First Friday Art Trail, in Dec 2010, DiMeND : Digital Media in Neoteric Dimension, interactive computer vision & sound installation ABingham & BCarrillo, TZalmanzig & CBunnell JMeeks & RHoelker


DiMeND : Digital Media in Neoteric Dimension


Digital Media in Neoteric Dimension introduces design as a computational enterprise in which mediating technologies are developed to compose and describe design and architecture. The class covers topics such as media arts, shapes, modern logic, shape arithmetic, symmetry, spatial relations, action and reaction, shape computations, and physical computing. Hands-on design exercises and projects are continually framed and examined in the large context of current digital and physical technologies. The class opens computer programming as a process of design. Algorithmic processes, harnessed through the medium of code, allow students to generate complex forms and interactions by the application of elementary but carefully-tuned sets of rules. PROCESSING, an open source programming language and environment for designer, evolves to the vehicle for realizing the students’ design concepts. Criteria: Graphic Skills & Fundamental Design Skills kuhnpark . teaching


team : osnap . plumbing system

team : thundercats . MEP system

electrical system

MEP + structure

heating & cooling system

Integrative Building Modeling Integrative Building Modeling is the end of the technological courses in undergraduate education, which recapitulates previous technology courses, including Environmental Systems, Architectural Construction I, and Architectural Construction II, and integrates all into comprehensive Building Information Modeling.

MEP + structure

Focus is on how to integrate and evaluate functional and geometrical information in Architecture, Engineering and Construction. The course examines the computable representation of physical and functional characteristics of Architecture, and its related project & lifecycle information using open industry standards. It aims to examine the issues of Building Information Modeling tools & Parametric Modeling, Interoperability, and the different aspects of Building Information Modeling that are based on actors, such as Owner & Facility Manager, Architects & Engineers, Construction Industry, and Subcontractors & Fabricators. The examination is reinforced by parallel hands-on workshops about Preliminary Construction Cost Estimation, Preliminary Lifecycle Cost Estimation, MEP Modeling, and Design Development capabilities of Building Information Modeling tools. Applications: DProfiler (Cost Estimation & Lifecycle Cost Analysis), ArchiCAD (Building Modeling), MEP Modeler (Mechanical, Electrical & Plumbing Modeling), EcoTect (Environmental Analysis), and Digital Project (Fabrication)

team : snack pack radiant heating & cooling system

Criteria: Building Systems Integration (Preparatory: Environmental Systems, Building Service Systems, and Construction Cost Control) kuhnpark . teaching

proposal to the Lubbock Habitat for Humanity

Compressed Earth Block machine project The research is a collaborative project among academic, industry, and community. The research combines Materiality, Building Component, Main-streaming Construction Method, and Affordable Housing Typology research with practice.

during Ackerly house construction

during Crosbyton Girlscouts hut construction

Collaboration with Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, and EarthCo Building Systems, Inc., Compressed Earth Block (CEB) machine technology has been reinvestigated, designed, and produced. The machine, EarthCo Megablock™, uses mechanical press that forms an appropriate mix of earth into a highly compressed block. These blocks are stacked to form walls that are eco-friendly and are non-toxic, sound resistant, fire resistant, insect resistant, mold resistant, and economical. The differences between conventional methods are i) highly pressured, as much as 3,400 psi, ii) unstabilized, and iii) depending on a chamber design, the machine can produce various sectional dimensions. Current machine equipped with the 18 inches by 12 inches chamber that can produce as long as 9 feet length. This design significantly reduces the labor cost that is the known dilemma in earth block construction. With the School of Building Construction at University of Florida and the Tanzanian Housing Authority, the National Science Foundation granted the funds to hold a workshop at Dar el Salam, Tanzania. The goal of the workshop was “Identifying Potential Strategies for advancing the use of Earth-Based Construction”. kuhnpark . research & design

compressed earth block machine

reading and writing Rothko in 500 lines

orthogonal lines

in 1,000


in 5,000

in 10,000

One hundread thousand lines : Reading and Writing Rothko One hundred thousand lines, is an attempt to reconcile optical illusion and Euclidian geometry, with processes and systems that utilize algorithmic design. This work reexamines Rothko’s abstract expressionist paintings in experimental ways of reading his work and rewriting about it. This process involves iterative scanning of Rothko’s canvases and constructing the rewriting in multiple ways. During the process there are indiscriminate variables that dictate aesthetic concerns in computing.

in 100,000

The research is selected and presented to Drawing Out 2010 conference at Melbourne Australia (hosting universities: RMIT University and University of the Arts London), and is further developing to Bridges 2011: Mathematics, Music, Art, Architecture, Culture at University of Coimbra Portugal. Untitled (1951) National Gallery of Art, Washington, Oil on canvas, 112.4 x 94.9 cm

kuhnpark . research & design

Digital Diary of a Building

interactive representational models in dab system as-designed building information model

triangulated point cloud data vertex normal model as-built model from laser-scanned point clouds

spring graph representation of building information as-designed and as-built model registration

The research, Digital Diary of a Building, is a system for flexible retrieval and updating of design information over the life-cycle of the building – a system that is independent of any task-centric use. The key challenges to realizing such a system are the users and their intentions. Four real building case studies have been conducted, and use-cases of individual user interactions have been developed and implemented successfully into the system. The research is a part of National Science Foundation (Information Technology Research initiative) funded project, named ASDMCon – Advanced Sensor-based Defect Management at Construction, in collaboration with the School of Architecture, the Civil and Environmental Engineering, and the Robotics Institution at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA. Relatively recent paradigm in Computer Aided Design, Building Information Modeling & Parametric Modeling, offer vast amount of information. This information is crucial but handling it in a creative way hasn’t clearly defined yet and cumbersome. When a representational schema of design is flexible enough, then it generates a specific information view, and can create new information from existing design information, whether the new information is in geometry or value based. In the developed system, a user can dynamically create a schema views, and the system restructures design information in order to generate new & creative information, while creativity emerges not only at the resulting view but in the process of reconstituting representational schema. kuhnpark . research & design

Capitol Height Apartment, Denver, CO 2002 AIA Denver Merit award

PRACTICE Scottish Rite Masonic Center addition, Denver, CO 2002 AIA Denver Merit award

After the professional M.ARCH degree, I practiced in Denver, CO with Studio Completiva Inc. I had the opportunities as an intern architect for involving actively in design processes. Two projects, Capitol Height Apartment and Scottish Rite Masonic Center Addition, received 2002 AIA Denver Merit award, and Prospect Park Townhome development has been selected to 2003~2004 Western Home award. My involvements in the two AIA-awarded projects are: Capitol Height Apartment (100% 3D Modeling, 50% Schematic Design, 50% Design Development, 100% Courtyard and Entrance Canopy Design, 100% Color Scheme, 50% Construction Document and 30% Construction Administration) Scottish Masonic Center Addition (100% 3D Modeling, 70% Schematic Design, 30% Design Development and 30% Construction Document). Capitol Height Apartment is mixed-use, multiresidential, and urban-infill project, where it is located right behind the state capitol. The apartment complex evolved into the one of the key elements, when the city of Denver started to revitalize the Capitol Hill area. kuhnpark . research & design

JKrantz . Studio (focus: structure) CCarr . Performative Architecture

Soft Space . RBorgerson

DiMeND . JHowie & MFrame RDiaz . Studio (focus: structure) Performative Architecture . RHentschel

Kuhn PARK . Assistant Professor College of Architecture, Texas Tech University, Mailstop 42091, Lubbock, TX 79409 office: 806.742.3136 x240 | mobile: 412.401.0852 & |


2010 teaching and research portfolio