ON PRESENTATION OF THIS ADVERT ON ALL WOMENS, MENS AND KIDS CLOTHING
@KSU April 2015
DANIELS SHOPPING COMPLEX LEVEL 2, ĦAMRUN
editorial andrew borg wirth
ksu is not what it had been at inception. It isnâ€™t even what it had been a couple of months ago when we first came to office. KSU is in constant flux, constantly changing, and constantly reinventing itself, and it is here that the beauty of KSU really lies.
KSU is an organic body, that changes according to the way students think and act, and it is great to be a part of this exciting time.
2 This magazine is just one part of the changes we have effected in the past year of KSU. This edition will collect contributions from all organisations, which had a space to talk about issues that they deal with as an organisation. This is a new concept we chose to adopt, seeing as there is so much potential and energy in the executives of these organisations. We wanted @KSU to this year be an exhibition space for what students have to offer; a breeding ground for the conception of new ideas; a platform for people to be able to speak about subjects that interest them. KSU has worked hard to increase the input students and student organisations give to the projects of the Council, tried tirelessly to increase activism, and to prove that student apathy really is a myth. There’s a beautiful future ahead for the organisation, and this is just another chapter in student representation in Malta. KSU’s instruments have changed since 1901, however the values that define us remain the same. That is the beauty of this council – honouring the past that precedes us, with fresh ideas that will ensure there is a bright future ahead of us.
KSU has worked hard to increase the input students and student organisations give to the projects of the Council, tried tirelessly to increase activism, and to prove that student apathy really is a myth.
This experiment is only as successful as you make it. We hope something in this edition will inspire you, and that it will make every student aware of the great platforms that exist at the University.
I’d like to thank everyone who cooperated, and contributed to make this a loaded issue! I hope this makes an interesting read! @KSU April 2015
writer illustrator I’m a student researcher photographer
THINK Tell us what you do. We’ll tell you how you can join our team. THINK is looking for enthusiastic individuals who would like to join an editorial and production team. We also want to hear about your final year projects. Together we will showcase the University’s most ground breaking research.
contents 01 08 11 12 14 16 18 20 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 @KSU April 2015
editorial president financial officer vice president secretary general social policy international office education office the food faculty aegee aiesec asa ascs betapsi desa
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@KSU April 2015
7 Faculty of Science
Physical Oceanography Unit
Master in Applied Oceanography Operational Oceanography and Marine Studies
for foreign students with high academic records relevant to the course Deadline for Scholarship Applications: 15 April 2015
Register at: www.um.edu.mt/apply
Course Coordinator: Prof. Aldo Drago
More Information: www.um.edu.mt/science/overview/PMAPOFTT3-2014-5-O
00356 2144 0972 email@example.com ksu.org.mt www.um.edu.mt/science/pounit
president gayle lynn callus
years later What a journey this year has been! My two years on the council have been very different, and undoubtedly very busy, but fuelled by the same inherent desire to make a difference in what KSU does, and how it does it, and the projects that have dominated the recent few months are testimony to this commitment.
@KSU April 2015
We have worked hard to change mindsets on transport, encouraged representation of student representatives, held new social events, worked tirelessly to promote international careers and studying opportunities and taken stands on important national-scale issues. KSU has this year been at the forefront of philanthropic activities, and has collaborated with many entitities. The council has stood up for students when their rights needed defending, and has made heard the voice of the student body in the larger community we are part of.
KSU has worked hard to put students on the map, and to demonstrate the potential we have. The respect we have seen from our countryâ€™s leaders, and the interest to involve students in national dialogue is encouraging, and something we should be proud of. Today, we are stakeholders. Today, our opinion is being heard. KSU is a dynamic organisation that changes a lot from executive to executive. The winning formula is based on the values that remain constant throughout the years. KSU has bridged the gap between academia and the student
University that is ever growing. The quadrangle acts as a focus at the heart of the University, with the campus growing radially, and constantly. This central focus seems to have an abundance of energy at its heart, fuelled by the student body that populates it on a day to day basis. It has been a pleasure for the past 2 years to walk past the quadrangle, breeding new ideas, creating innovative ways KSU can be there for students, and integrating amongst a student body eager to be part of this change.Â
body. Today, we work very closely with the University administration, and it is great to bring about positive change on campus, as a result of this collaboration. Today, we are facing a ksu.org.mt
10 This is an interesting point. I truly believe that student apathy is a myth, and this has been a belief of mine throughout the past two years. My time in KSU only proved how evidently true this really was. An apathetic student body wouldn’t have 55 organisations that work so hard and give so much energy to some cause or other. An apathetic student body would not have so well attended a Freshers’ Week. An annual show with a cast of over 200 students on one single stage, doesn’t reflect an apathetic student community. It speaks volumes of a group of people who are passionate about being a student, relate closely to their peers and are eager to contribute to the sense of belonging to this University that fosters us as the leaders of tomorrow.
But how far have we gone? How much further can we go? Let us know! My time in KSU is soon nearing its end. With the AGM only weeks away, I’d like to invite students to come forward and get informed on what we’ve done for the student body at large, this year.
KSU has a lot of potential to be a catalyst of change. KSU is constantly changing and learning. The most successful events for us as a team are those we get feedback on, and those that people respond to. When students let us know what they think of a report, event, policy or initiative, we can react and be aware of how to do things better the next time. We have done volumes to make better the time one spends on campus. We commit to consulting students on what we are doing, and try tirelessly to assess the things we do, to work proactively and save resources from working in a reactive way.
@KSU April 2015
I’d like to thank everyone who had our back, and everyone who communicated with us; everyone who supported the work we did, and everyone who collaborated with us.
financial officer alistair baldacchino
solidarity & welfare This year KSU has taken solidarity on campus to a whole new level. Christmas on Campus was a joint effort between the University, the Chaplaincy, the Food Faculty and several University Organisations which saw over €10,000 collected for Dar Tal-Providenza and L-iStrina and KSU was also a pioneer in this year’s new national project ‘Solidaritree’ described as ‘L-iStrina taz-Żagħzagħ’ which saw €21,000 collected from educational institutions and student organisations across Malta and Gozo. KSU does however still feel there is more to be done, and that University students have a lot more to offer than just money. Part of KSU’s long-term vision is the introduction of solidarity and welfare engraved within its structure emphasizing their importance. KSU would like to see a Welfare office within the KSU structure
that would deal with things such as the Charity and Welfare Fund, being launched for the first time this year, and events that create a platform to help, and be of aid to others Working towards that, this year we have set up a Solidarity Sub-Committee that shall serve as a pilot project of the eventual Welfare Office. As this year’s Financial Officer, I will be leading this sub-committee, and hope to see the plans we have come up with together, through. We shall work together in order to promote the idea of more solidarity on campus. This is a community we are part of, and it is our responsibility to look after it. A priority from the beginning of this year’s term, was the promotion of Autism awareness, and this will be closely followed with a continued collaboration with Inspire, and a number of events with the aid of student organisations, to commemorate World Autism Awareness Day. ksu.org.mt
vice president mark grech
the way we moved Our academic venture at the University of Malta is dependent on a number of external factors, which include our transportation means.
@KSU April 2015
Transport to and from University over the past years has unfortunately had negative connotations as students immediately relate the term with unreliable public transport, traffic and parking difficulties. KSU has been following up on the way students travel for a number of years, and together with the University Green Travel Plan, have conducted a number of inquisitive and research based statistical analyses.
The findings of the research as outlined below has lead to a number of alternative means of transport proposals compiled by KSU, which have all been launched in December 2014 during a Transport Press Conference held on campus. The figures from the data gathered between 2013-2014 which had a cohort of 5043 University Students delineated a number of key findings, these included the fact that only 37% of University Students reported using Public Transport, 49.8% travel by private car & 13.8% get a lift to University, 1.6% travel by motorcycle, 13.5% walk to University and only 0.9% travel by bicycle. These point towards a number of crucial transportation means that are lacking, and for these reasons one must look at transport in a holistic manner, incorporating the various modes of transport. We cannot continue to look at transport from one aspect only, such as the parking issue. It must be made clear that increasing parking at University is by no means the be all and end all, but could result in a devastating set-back to the other key areas of holistic transport. We must strengthen and incentivize the use of bicycles, walking to University and Public Transport. We must look at the University not only as an academic institution, but as a town of 13,000 residents, all with the right to reliable and efficient transport means. KSU, hand in hand with the University of Malta, Green Travel Plan and Malta Public Transport have launched several initiatives aimed at tackling the above issues. These include a 10,000 Euro KSU Transport Fund â€“ funded by Malta Public Transport, the KSU Rent-aBicycle Scheme- Powered by Pedal Power,
the KSU Purchase-a-Bicycle Scheme, a KSU Car Pooling initiative, awareness on walking routes to University, increase in bicycle racks and now the installation of bicycle shelters, and awareness of public transport routes. One of the major collaborations of 201415 is the corporate agreement with Malta Public Transport. This agreement created the opportunity for University Studentsâ€™ to benefit from 50% discounts on 90-day tickets, meaning that one could travel for roughly 30c a day only.
KSU looks forward to continuing to strengthen its holistic transport vision, to continue to incentivize students to participate in alternative means of transport, and to further aid in the reduction of private cars and congestion found on and around campus.
secretary general kenneth terribile
ksu at your fingertips How many times have you opened a new website and gotten lost? How many times have you opened a website from your phone and ended up zooming in and out as if you were using a microscope?
KSUâ€™s resources wonâ€™t be doing this anymore.
@KSU April 2015
15 This year brought the launch of a new website for KSU. The aim of the new website is to be fully interactive on all devices, whether a computer screen or a 3” smartphone screen, while making KSU’s resources available for everyone at any time of day. By introducing a new backend interface, the website performance was boosted by 45% while maintaining user security and a user-friendly environment. With a new section totally dedicated to accessibility, KSU’s main aim of using sustainable methods of transport was definitely reached. A new Car-Pooling System was also integrated where one has the option to choose their preferred location or destination while this would be located using the system’s inbuilt GPS system. Within the Services section of the website our paperless ethic was extended, where all resources and applications required could be filled online from the comfort of one’s home. Continuing on KSU’s aim of being closer to student organisations on campus, another section dedicated to organisations and student representatives was also created.
Be part of the 700,000 unique visits the KSU website receives monthly and check out the new updated website now!
Ever tried using a mobile application only to find out that the information is outdated, or the application runs on old software having everything enlarged? KSU this year also updated the council’s mobile App! The new App was developed for both iOS and Android, and each system was designed specifically rather than having one system being an imitation of the other. Referring to the designs used, the Android App makes use of Google’s Material design layout, while the the iOS App on the other hand makes use of KSU’s branding guidelines while making for a very easy to use and user friendly interface. The aim of the KSU App is to have the most useful and sought after KSU resources in the palm of your hand. Whether its the Campus Map you’re after, or how to apply for a fund you need to know, everything is just a few seconds away! The popular feature that let’s us know when stipend is due, has also been integrated in the new app. In order to make sure that all KSU’s services are easy to use, registration only needs to be done once as soon as the App is downloaded. Students’ Feedback is one of the most important factors that keeps a students’ council functioning, therefore through the App, KSU ensured that this was taken care of. With the use of the KSU App, KSU is now one tap away! Through the ‘Contact Us’ section, KSU can be contacted any time of day anonymously.
So make sure to download the KSU App now and be aware of YOUR students’ council! ksu.org.mt
dear sir/madam, to who it may concern We hope these few words would find you well. Kunsill Studenti Universitarji has embattled fiercely to fight discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation and gender identity. Subsequent to the Joanne Cassar judgement (23/05/2011) of the Constitutional Court, a bill was piloted in Parliament which sought to eliminate the incongruity that existed in the law, namely the lack of legal provision and therefore the opportunity for the applicant to enter into a registered life partnership. Prior to the introduction of Act VII of 2013, the law solely empowered unmarried persons who had undergone irreversible gender re-assignment @KSU April 2015
surgery to apply to the Civil Court First Hall to have an annotation made to oneâ€™s Act of Birth and Identity Card. The scope of the law was merely cosmetic rather than offering much of a substantive solution. Act VII of 2013 somewhat normalised the situation of a transsexual person who intends to enter into a matrimonial union. Today, a declaration made under Article 257B shall be considered for all civil purposes, including the right to marry. Students believe that such merits further legislation to ensure that persons from all walks of life are guaranteed adequate protection of their fundamental rights.
social policy andrew muscat / becky micallef
KSU welcomes the introduction of the Gender Identity, Gender Expression & Sex Characteristics Act. The KSU Social Policy Office, in collaboration with We Are – the University of Malta LGBTQQI Society, held a Consultation Session on Friday the 21st day of November, with a mission to gather recommendations after an enlightening discussion had pursued: Students believe that positive measures to promote respect for the human rights of LGBTQQI persons are needed. Many agree that easier legal procedures for gender reassignment would allow transgender persons to be more comfortable living as such. KSU notes that transgender persons appear to be the only group in Europe subject to state-enforced sterilisation.
KSU strongly believes that the best interest of the child must be safeguarded unconditionally as articulated in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
KSU notes that a significant number of University students are unable to give proper definitions to terms such as intersex, agender, gender identity and gender expression, following a vox pop by Insite Malta – a media organisation on campus. KSU firmly believes that education must go hand in hand with this Act for it to truly achieve its raison d’être. Students believe that should the gender marker be maintained on official documents, the option of marking X instead of male or female should be introduced. KSU notes that there are several countries which apply this mechanism; such as New Zealand. Others argue that the marker should be removed in its entirety. The Gender Identity & Gender Roles Ad Hoc Committee, a Social Policy Commission standing committee, will continue working tirelessly to promote a just society by challenging injustice and valuing diversity. In Conclusion, Kunsill Studenti Universitarji would like to honour the lives lost, and those still harassed, tortured and killed because of who they are. Best Regards, Social Policy Office
international office steph dalli / daniel vella
your erasmus So you’ve heard the countless stories of the amazing Erasmus experiences of your friends, putting your campus life to shame. You’ve seen the million photo uploads on Facebook of the amazing trips Erasmus students embark on. @KSU April 2015
You’ve yearned your whole life to get the opportunity to go study abroad, or better yet, to go on a road trip in Europe. The good news is? The Erasmus+ programme puts this dream, just within your reach. All you really have to do is choose where to go: a dreadful task.
What better way to choose than by having reviews from students who have gone on Erasmus previously? They surely know better than any random search on the Internet, or worse, deciding where to go through a majestic leap of faith, just because you have no idea where you want to go or how to look for the ideal University abroad. Imagine having access to all the things one can do in that specific University or country to make the most out of his/her experience. Or better yet, the things that had gone wrong whilst on one’s Erasmus experience. That would surely be a lifesaver for everyone embarking on such a journey. This year, we will be launching a brand new portal on our website. A portal, where whoever was lucky enough to go on Erasmus, can submit their experience. A portal, where all the things they wished they didn’t do, or the things that they would have liked to do from the beginning but only got to know about in their last week at the University, are just a few taps on your keyboard away. All your needs, all the tips and tricks, simply a click away.
Your Erasmus - Do you aspire to go study abroad? Don’t know which University to go to? Don’t know where to stay? Don’t know where to buy your veggies? Don’t know the best pub to hang out at, at night? This portal will be the answer to all your troubles and your go to guide before and during your experience. That is why we encourage any reader who has gone on Erasmus to fill in the questionnaire on our website (in the International Section) and to give as much information as possible. It is only with your contribution that this portal can be fruitful. You know how daunting some steps can be, so it is up to you to help out all students who want to break free of the usual routine of our University and truly savor Europe.
The Erasmus+ programme puts this dream, just within your reach. All you really have to do is choose where to go: a dreadful task.
If you’re thinking about staying in Malta, STOP! As Freddie Mercury would rightly say (or sing), spread your wings and fly! Break free from the usual routine and experience life abroad! Trust us, it will be an experience you will surely, never forget.
education office francienne muscat / ryan falzon
quality assurance at the university of malta
At the University of Malta, the Programme Validation Committee, a Sub- Committee of Senate is responsible for implementing a process of approval and maintenance of new and existing programmes. Its administrative hand, the Academic Programmes Quality and Resources Unit, APQRU, supports this Sub-Committee. @KSU April 2015
Hand in hand they assure that the programmes approved are in line with the University of Malta’s vision, strategy and resources, while keeping in mind the fulfilment of the students’ education experience. The Sub-Committee members ensure that the teaching and learning methods, together with the assessment techniques adopted, are of certain standards. This process, cannot however, only be carried out by the academics and the administrative staff of the University of Malta. It should also involve students, with the aim of providing an adequate environment and learning experience, where every individual is encouraged to perform to their full potential. In fact students play a critical part in this evaluation, development and enhancement of the quality of this learning experience. Using the feedback provided by the students, the University of Malta can evaluate the service that the institution provides. After every examination sessions, students are invited to fill the APQRU Study Unit Feedback which can be found on each student’s E-Sims portal, on the official University of Malta website. These feedback procedures are anonymous, to keep the students’ mind at rest. Kunsill Studenti Universitarji (KSU) truly thinks that this student feedback procedure is an important aspect that helps to further improve the educational service provided by our University. KSU believes that students have the capacity of offering invaluable specific experience, which in turn reflects broader aspects of their learning experience. A holistic student experience requires adequate academic and social study conditions and flexible and
feasible study programmes. Students are to be deemed as full and equal partners within all mechanisms of Quality Assurance within Higher Education with full involvement at all stages namely reporting, discussion, assessment and follow-up. All students can be a source of information, by providing feedback through the APQRU Study Unit Feedback, and also through communication with their respective Student Representatives and Student Organisations. The student should also be held as an expert and a partner in the process of quality assurance. The teaching should be evaluated through students’ learning experiences. Harnessing this student expertise in a concrete form includes using methods like inviting student representative to PVC meetings and having an open door policy for the students. Asking students to participate in development teams shows that staff values student expertise.
This year the KSU Education Office has organised a Quality Assurance Seminar, during which students present could provide suggestions regarding how the procedures of Quality Assurance can be improved within the University of Malta. During this seminar Prof. A. Vella, Pro- Rector for Academic Affairs, and Ms. Jo-Anne Attard, explained the important role of students in quality assurance, in which finally the student himself gains from the resulting improvements. ksu.org.mt
who is the food faculty? A group companies from different spectrums of the catering and events sectors, have recently taken over the student staff restaurant under the brand Food Faculty. Marvin Cortis, Operations Manager runs the Food Faculty day to day operations together with head chef Andrea Di Vita, Sicilian chef, possessing great experience in Mediterranean cuisine and also a wide range of other world culinary specialties. What makes The Food Faculty stand out from the previous operations? The team is committed on sourcing fresh, high quality produce, combined with dedicated trained staff and regular exciting food innovations offering great value for money. Not to mention the décor! @KSU April 2015
What can we expect in the future from The Food Faculty? The team is currently in the process of launching various food ideas including a wider range of breakfast offers, daily hot specials, both local and other classics from across the globe together with regular culinary calendar events. The team can also support in providing bespoke catering requests in various faculties and offices including coffee breaks, working lunches and meeting or event requirements. Food Faculty will also be working on projects to enhance the University Pjazza by providing various food and beverage concepts. More information will be launched in the very near future. Keep up to date with our fantastic offers and new upcoming concepts on Facebook! For more information or feedback, kindly speak to a member of staff from the Food Faculty or email on firstname.lastname@example.org
We look forward to seeing you at the Food Faculty! Don’t miss out on regular updates and promotional activities coming to your restaurant and university pjazza! Follow us on Facebook on Facebook.com/TheFoodFaculty - #FoodFaculty
cook / swim / rave / repeat! One of AEGEE’s main projects is the ‘Summer University’, which was born in 1988 with the intention to promote European Integration. This is an event that takes place during the summer, between one and four weeks in most of the cities that AEGEE is present in. Understanding and exploring the multicultural dimension of the European continent, removing national borders, fighting for tolerance and creating open-minded citizens are some of the reasons why 35 young Europeans from all over Europe come together in each Summer University to taste the diversity of multiculturalism. The activities carried out during a Summer University range from academic, such as classes to learn a foreign language, to multicultural activities such as photography oar cooking courses. At a Summer University you will be given the chance to taste different food, listen to different music, dance with that music and at the end love it; to be good friends with people from different countries and even arrange future trips together. You will learn to say “hi” in another 20 languages, you will feel free, you will love, you will experience, you will learn new things, you
will do things you hadn’t imagined; you will feel the AEGEE spirit, you will feel what a Summer University truly is! In July, AEGEE-Valletta, will be organising a Summer University, which will bring 40 participants from all corners of Europe for a 9 day visit to Malta. This event, called ‘Cook, Swim, Rave… Repeat!’ will include a social program promoting our island together with 14 hours of culinary tuition per week. The jam packed program prepared by us includes the highlights of our beautiful country – from swimming, to World Heritage sites, to parties! As you can imagine, this requires a lot of pre-planning and manpower, so all help is welcome! For those interested in joining and/or helping out in these activities, please contact us on email@example.com.
youth is the key to changing the old Youth-led organisations like “Occupy Central with love and peace” are leaving a great impact in our society. This organisation is standing against the will of the Chinese government and is fighting for the city’s democracy. It is also giving hope to the residents and convincing them to stand up for their right s as well.
AIESEC is sending students and graduates abroad so that they can take on projects in their interest and learn the skills needed to accomplish larger goals in their future from which many shall benefit. These Global Citizen Exchange participants shall understand
Let’s face it; the present youth are going to be in decision making positions around the globe in the next 5 to 10 years. It is important for us to be prepared to face problems and take actions which shall leave the right effect on the future generations.
different cultures and the difficulties people face on a daily basis together with other exchange participants from 126 different countries.
We have a limited amount of days and life is a constant ticking clock. An average 20 year old has an average of 20,075 days left. It is important to make each count because each day gone can never be recovered. It is unfortunate that many people live their year on “sleep mode” and finally wake up and find out that time has slipped through their fingers without being used properly.
@KSU April 2015
In the coming months there shall be Exchange Fests organised in which people may attend information sessions and get a better understanding on what these exchanges are about. There will be students who have already gone on such trips, sharing their experiences. Those that are interested can sign up and go through the arrangements in order to participate. The more experiences you pass through, the richer your story shall be and the richer your knowledge shall be.
does labelling just divide people or has it united ‘us’, to an extent ? Erich Fromm in his book ‘Fear of Freedom’ criticizes Freud’s view of society as having a suppressing function on our drives. Fromm argues that apart from limiting ‘us’, society can be creative. Society created the word ‘man’, it classified each species including ‘us’, it made a distinction between different classes, it discriminated between different ethnicities and different races, it created a dichotomy for gender and so much more. This is a product of humans being social beings which means that we are prone to label and judge each other, ourselves and our whole existence as a species, as humans. This statement extends the meaning of labelling to a wider scale, both on a temporal and spatial manner. It shows that our understanding of our own existence is filled with labels, starting from the scientific term homo sapiens. No matter what we are labelled on a micro level (individual to individual) or a macro (social
systems) level, we automatically allow ourselves to be labelled as people, ‘man’. By saying words such as ‘us’ we are unknowingly reinforcing this ‘grandiose’ label. To a certain extent this is a form of survival mechanism. A good example is the term ‘universal human rights’ (although to what extent is universal?). The very basis of our idea of human identity is a product of labelling, a product of society. The term ‘labelling’ can be seen from various perspectives, the most common one being that which divides us into classes and ethnicities. But if seen from a broader, more holistic point of view, it helps us unite as a species and distinguish ourselves from other living beings. However, labelling was and still remains a tool used to oppress minorities and hinder social change as well as (contrastingly) distinguish the potentials of people and bring about change. ksu.org.mt
ecb reveals quantitative easing for eurozone The effects felt because of the liquidity crisis lives on in the euro zone. A prime example is the decline of inflation below the price stability rate, which is close to but below 2%. Measures, other than Quantitative easing (QE), have been taken by the ECB to counteract this issue. However, general opinion stated that these measures were not going to solve the problem at hand. For these reasons the ECB took the decision to implement QE by injecting at least â‚Ź1.1 trillion into the economy by buying bonds each month from banks until the end of September 2016, or even longer. The aim of QE is to get the banks to lend more money to the businesses and the public as during the European crisis, banks were so afraid of defaults by their clients, that they restricted their lending and opted for investing in safe government bonds at a lower return. In previous cases QE was conducted in two stages. Firstly by the central bank, creating money to purchase the government bonds. @KSU April 2015
An increase in the demand for these bonds increases their price and in turn reduces their return. The idea is that the banks would be discouraged from buying the bonds due to their low return and start considering other profit-earning measures. The second phase is that central banks start buying off the risky assets of the banks such as mortgagebacked securities, CDOs, and even bad loans. Therefore, what the central banks are doing is that they are reducing the pressure of risky assets from the banks and also removing the incentive of banks to invest in bonds causing them to start looking to invest in the wider economy by finding good companies to invest their money in. This QE strategy appears to have worked in the UK and the US during the banking crisis of 2007/8, and should, therefore, help towards getting the Eurozone economy back on its feet.
psychology beyond university This year, the BetaPsi executive has strived towards creating and developing opportunities for students to enhance their academic life beyond University grounds. In collaboration with KSU and Inspire, students were given the opportunity to partake in the invaluable experience of working with Inspire. This experience allows students to learn the work done by the NGO, while also developing indispensable psychological skills for their future. We would like to thank Yentl Spiteri from Inspire and Andrew Borg Wirth from KSU for their help with this project. This is a project in anticipation of the KSU Welfare & Volunteering Office, being developed by this year’s KSU executive. BetaPsi is also working with another organisation to provide similar opportunities in the near future.
BetaPsi is also a member of the European Federation of Psychology Students’ Associations (EFPSA), which provides a multitude of opportunities for psychology students. The Congress in the Czech Republic will welcome a number of Maltese participants who will partake in the academic and social programmes revolving around the theme of sexuality. Moreover, BetaPsi is working with EFPSA’s Social Impact Team on the “Mind the Mind” campaign - an international initiative to reduce the stigma on mental disorder in secondary school students. We have also introduced the BetaPsi Leisure team whose members endeavor to encourage
Following last year’s success, we will once again, be crossing borders in 2015! This partnership between BetaPsi and two European psychology student organisations will be providing students with the opportunity to expand their psychological and cultural knowledge during the summer months in the BetaPsi Student Exchange.
students to socialise outside of University, by providing frequent social events! So keep an eye out for our events! If you want more information, visit one of our social media outlets or send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org ksu.org.mt
text. As students of artistic minds both past and present, one of DESA’s main interests is in helping the University’s student body flourish in their writing skills. The hustle and bustle of academic life often leaves little time for artistic expression, and it is easy to bury one’s creative streak because it reaches its potential. Our online literary journal, TEXT, was created to remedy this issue. The website serves as a platform through which students can display their work and receive constructive feedback. We want you to express yourselves freely, and so we do not impose stylistic limitations on the work we receive. Students are free to explore any genre and theme they wish. Furthermore, we do not only accept fiction. TEXT also displays journalistic features, as well as reviews and literary and cultural criticism. What we are ultimately interested is in your ability to create a good, cohesive piece of writing capable of hooking its readers.
Because we want to see you improve in all aspects of your writing, the system we have developed with the website is not merely one of post-publication feedback, in which people can comment and offer advice after your work has been uploaded, but also includes prepublication feedback, in which we will offer advice that you can utilise to develop your ideas and style. DESA is always finding new ways to improve TEXT and the opportunities it provides to students. In 2014, we held our first writing competition. This year, we launched a brand new website for TEXT with improved aesthetics and features, which can be viewed through the link below:
www.desa.org.mt/text/ Should you be interested in contributing to TEXT or in seeking more information, feel free to get in touch by sending an e-mail to email@example.com @KSU April 2015
clearing the air In April of this year an abrogative referendum stands to decide on the much debated spring hunting. A referendum is the prime example of direct democracy, whereby Parliament gauges the peopleâ€™s opinion on a particular issue. The Referenda Act allows for two types of referenda; a resolutive referendum, which allows the voter to approve a resolution,
Hunting in general is subject to regulatory legislation. Spring hunting, on the other hand, is an exception to the law that does not permit
proposed by the House of Representatives; or an abrogative referendum, which, as the name suggests, means a vote to remove an existing law. This April, we will be voting to keep/remove Subsidiary Legislation 504.94, which allows for a derogation opening a spring hunting season for turtledove and quail in Malta.
hunting in the mating and rearing season. While one has a right to practice a hobby that is the subject of a regulatory law (within the confines of this legislation), in the case of spring hunting the right is being given through permissive legislation.
A person has a constitutional right to practice any hobby in so far as he is not in breach of a law. The vast majority of pastimes are unregulated. The legislator, however, has felt the need to make provision for the regulation of certain hobbies through regulatory legislation, which, for example, requires the holding of a license or establishes the rules to be followed by someone practicing a particular activity.
An abrogative referendum therefore has the power to remove the law permitting spring hunting, but not other regulated hobbies, including hunting. Indeed, removal of legislation governing these other hobbies would leave the hobby unregulated, resulting in higher freedom. The only way in which the practice of hunting or other hobbies are at risk through a referendum is if the House proposes a resolution to disallow the practice of such activity and it is submitted to a vote in a resolutive referendum. ksu.org.mt
operation wallacea The Earth Systems Association International Office has had a successful year. This year, we have made arrangements for 4 B.Sc. (Hons.) Earth Systems students to participate in Wildlife Conservation Expeditions at multiple biological hotspots throughout the world. ‘Operation Wallacea’ organizes these expeditions. For the year 2015, ESA is sending students to three countries:
Students will be travelling to Buton Island in Indonesia in order to join a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment team and undergoing Jungle Survival Training. Animal groups that will be surveyed include snakes, toads, frogs, monkeys, birds, bats and civets. After this, students will join Coral Reef Surveying Teams in the archipelago of Wakatobi.
Our students will participate in a course of Bush Training in the Limpopo reserve and complete a savannah ecology and management course. The next three weeks will be spent camera trapping and conducting herbivore and bird transect surveys in the Atherstone Reserve.
Cuba Our students enrolled for this expedition will undergo dive training in the remote southern part of the Isle of Youth in Cuba whilst completing coral reef survey techniques and conducting stereo video surveys of reef fish, macro-invertebrate belt transects and line intercept video surveys for both coral communities and manatees.
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Congratulations to our Earth Systems students for participating and the best of luck! If anyone else is interested in joining one of these expeditions, please contact ESA’s International Officer Nathan Adams at: firstname.lastname@example.org www.opwall.com
buddy up! ESN & KSU’s Buddy System. It has been long recognised that one of the ways of fully experiencing student life is to engage as much as possible with whatever and whoever comes your way. After all, variety is the spice of life! Couple this with the increasing realisation of Maltese students to learn more about our friends beyond Maltese shores, your representatives at KSU (Kunsill Studenti Universitarji) and fellow ESNers from the Erasmus Student Network Malta (hereafter ESN Malta) initiated a pilot project aimed at better integrating newcomers at the University of Malta by introducing local students. ESN Malta is a non-profit organisation serving as a platform for incoming foreign Erasmus+ students as well as other internationals studying and residing in Malta.
In accordance with one of the three pillars of SocialErasmus (a project taken on by ESN International which has proved successful over the years involving activities focusing on voluntary work in education, environment and charity), the buddy system is a blend of Maltese students ‘volunteering’ to take on foreign students and share their experiences in our university! This buddy will be supporting you with any issues that may arise and always be at your side to make your experience as a University of Malta student a fulfilling one! So what are you waiting for? Are you thinking twice? Here is some advice! Count to 3 – whatever act you currently feel uncomfortable in doing, do it! Challenge yourself!
We aim to aid and host their studying experience in the Maltese Islands through a variety of activities ranging from social gatherings to cultural, environmental and historical themed events always aiming at a practical integration into the local community on a ‘student helping student’ principle which ESN has constantly been striving to deliver!
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ix-xena mużikali bil-malti Differenza ewlenija fix-xena mużikali hi dik Maltija u dik bil-Malti. Tal-ewwel tinkludi dak kollu li joħroġ minn idejn l-artisti Maltin, bilMalti jew le, waqt li tal-aħħar hija esklussiva għal-lirika bil-Malti. Hemm uħud li r-repertorju mentali tad-diski bil-Malti jaslilhom biss sal-klassiċi, bħalma huma “Xemx,” “L-Aħħar Bidwi f’Wied ilGħasel” u “Int Djamant.” Imma x-xena mużikali bil-Malti hija ferm usa’ minn hekk, speċjalment jekk wieħed jikkunsidra l-qabżiet kbar li qegħdin
Barra minn hekk, il-lirika bil-Malti qed jirnexxilha tkun l-attrazzjoni ewlenija f’serati li jiġbdu mijiet ta’ nies. It-tnedija tal-album Hawn Jien ta’ Corazon, u dik tal-ġabra voluminuża Fejn Staħbejtli ta’ Paul Ellul, huma sempliċiment żewġ każijiet fost ħafna li jsaħħu l-argument
li l-lirika bil-Malti qed jirnexxilha tattira bosta nies. Iż-żewġ tnedijiet saru bil-kollaborazzjoni tad-Dipartiment tal-Malti, waqt li Fejn Staħbejtli, is-serata li rat it-tnedija ta’ ktieb u CDs b’ħafna mil-lirika ta’ Paul Ellul u l-interpretazzjoni stupenda ta’ xi wħud mill-kanzunetti tiegħu, ittellgħet b’kollaborazzjoni mal-Għaqda talMalti – Università.
Il-festivals lokali li jittellgħu kull sena, ewlenin fosthom l-Għajna tal-Poplu, il-Festival Internazzjonali tal-Kanzunetta Maltija u l-Konkors Kanzunetta Indipendenza, qegħdin ikomplu jkabbru dejjem iżjed ir-repertorju ta’ kanzunetti bil-Malti. Minkejja li l-akbar prominenza tingħata lir-rebbieħa, għadd ta’ kanzunetti oħrajn jirnexxilhom iqanqlu interess fost il-poplu, li jagħżel li jibqa’ jismagħhom minn żmien għal żmien. Interessanti ferm kif il-lirika bil-Malti qed jirnexxilha taddatta wkoll għal mużika, ħsejjes u stili kontemporanji,bħalma jixhdu tajjeb albums riċenti Senduq, Ħabullabullojb u Għera, ta’ Kantilena, Brodu u Plato’s Dream Machine rispettivament.
Kollaborazzjonijiet bħal dawn jirnexxilhom iwessgħu l-ħidma tad-Dipartiment u l-għaqdiet universitarji f’oqsma soċjali u divertenti li jmorru lil hinn mill-ambjent akkademiku ristrett li ġeneralment nabbinaw mal-università.
id-dritt On the 25th March 2015, L- Għaqda Studenti tal-Liġi (The Law Students’ Society) launched the twenty-fifth Volume of its prestigious law journal Id-Dritt together with a Commemorative Edition by virtue of this twenty-fifth volume. The launch took place at the President’s Palace, San Anton; where a copy of both editions could be purchased by those present. The first issue of the Law Journal was published in 1944, a year after Għ.S.L. was set up by Prof. Joseph M Ganado; a person directly associated with the development and progress of Maltese Law and the Legal Profession.
multitude of topics from the ever growing legal spectrum ranging from Aviation Law to Medical Law. Concurrently, the Commemorative Edition is composed of a number of selected revised articles together with memoirs of past editors, also incorporating a complete index of past articles.
Id-Dritt Volume XXV features several interesting articles penned by different lawyers and professionals touching a
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Those who wish to get hold of a copy of these publications are kindly requested to send an email on email@example.com.
a journey together “We are on a journey and we must continue this journey together; our vision will get clearer only as we go along.” This was among the concluding remarks made by one of the panelists during the Faculty of Theology 69th Foundation Day debate held last November. The discussion entitled, Same-sex couples within the broader horizon of what is meant by ‘a family’ was one of the initiatives taken by GħST to encourage reflection on the 2014 Synod of the Family. The Synod, which brought together bishops, lay theologians and 14 couples from around the globe, gathered around Pope Francis for two weeks in October 2014 to explore how best to respond to pastoral challenges facing families nowadays. Two questions however remained unanswered: that concerning the admission of divorced and remarried couples to sacramental Communion and the issue of pastoral care of gay men and women. These questions are to be concluded in the second session of the Synod, to be held in October this year. Local churches have been asked to discuss these issues and present practical proposals through their bishops.
Archbishop Bruno Forte, secretary for the 2014 Synod recalled that the major progress that occurred during the Second Vatican Council came between the first and second sessions, when the bishops returned home and discussed with their local churches. Apart from the aforementioned Foundation Day debate, last February GħST also organised a day-long conference entitled, Between Two synods: Journeying Together. During the conference, Maltese theologians and academics from universities overseas delivered insightful presentations on various aspects pertaining to the marriage debate. While teachings on truth can never change, “dialogue and conversation can help us discern ways towards a creative language that is merciful and that brings healing,” said Matthew Pulis, President of GħST in his opening speech of the Foundation Day debate. “GħST is committed to see that such fruitful dialogue continues to take place,” he promised.
environmental, social and human rights Greenhouse-Malta, a student-based, not-forprofit and non-governmental organization set up in 2008, has been involved in the Coalition Against Spring Hunting, also known as CASH, from the start. CASH collected enough signatures to hold a historical referendum in just 4 months. Greenhouse is proud of having worked together with the Coalition to reach this impressive goal. The referendum will take place on the 11th of April and we urge the student body to keep updated. Greenhouse also forms part of the Animal Rights Coalition and SKOP; the Maltese development NGO network. This year, Greenhouse has had a number of informative stands at University Events and elsewhere; most notably a stand on ethical living at ACT Fair. For Ozone Day, an online campaign was coordinated, urging youths to create origami of marine animals to highlight the impact of ozone on these creatures. For the European Week of Waste Reduction, an art exhibition was held. Pieces were inspired by marine animals and made from waste materials to highlight the way waste impacts them. Through a short non-formal session, to the Girl Guide group in Luqa, Greenhouse explained @KSU April 2015
various aspects of ethical consumption. In November, a joint clean-up and informative session with the Centre for Environmental Education and Research (CEER) were held, exposing the work of this important centre within the University of Malta. During Christmas time for Global Campus, Greenhouse joined forces with Insite Malta to demonstrate to students how they can upcycle magazines into mini-Christmas trees. We believe that conservation should be extended towards all animals; as such marine ecosystems have been put at risk due to unsustainable fisheries. We are currently trying to help another NGO, known as, Fish4tomorrow to spread its message regarding how one can actually avoid consuming endangered fish. We shall be participating in a treasure hunt with Fish4tomorrow later on in the year, and we would like to take this opportunity to invite everyone to participate in this activity.
closer to home 120 days will pass by before we know it. It will not be long until the next examinations are back. On the bright side January examinations are now a thing of the past. Examination months are so stressful that every little support helps. Gozitans unlike our Maltese counterparts have the added challenge of either crossing just for the examinations or else to stay in Malta throughout the exams, rather than going back home. This took a toll on Gozitans, so that was when the GUG came entered the scene. Some 3 years back, the GUG started working towards giving the opportunity to Gozitan students to sit for their examinations in Gozo. It was a dream that now is close to its full completion. All that remains is for the last faculty, that of Medicine and Surgery, to allow this. KSU always supported this opportunity, which puts Gozitans and Maltese on an equal footing.
this time? Again with some changes along the way, assignments can now be submitted within the deadline via email as a proof, then have to be handed it as a hard copy once the examinations are over. This will make it possible for Gozitan Students to study from home. We take this opportunity to wish you all the best for the remainder of this academic year, and do not hesitate to get in touch with us with any help you may need. Jonathon Mintoff, GUG President, is also Gozo Liaison Officer, and keeps in close contact with the KSU executive.
A question that may come to mind is, what if one has to submit course related work during
added value: apply for an internship Bored of the usual routines that had seemingly taken over my life, I decided to spice things up by applying for an IAESTE internship for the duration of the summer months. The main idea behind these internships is to provide students with paid technical experience in a foreign country. Once I had the chance to look over the lists of possible countries it didn’t take me long to make my choice; Kenya. Friends and family tried to talk me out of going due to the ongoing conflicts at the coast close to the Somalia border. However, my hard headedness proved to be fruitful, for once. Having never set foot in Africa before, my head was full of unanswered questions. Is it safe? Is their food normal? Will I even have an internet connection when I get there? Once I arrived I was greeted by IAESTE officials and taken to my new home for the next two months. The work I carried out included performing a series of line transect, both in
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coffee farms and undisturbed forests, so as to determine whether or not coffee farms had an effect on the species richness and diversity. After befriending a ranger from work, we began to travel all across Kenya, from National Parks enriched in wild life to breathtaking waterfalls and even areas that brought out our extreme sides. So here are some reasons on why you should apply for that internship! Let’s start with the obvious; it adds value to your C.V. Future employers will be impressed by the fact that you have had some form of experience in a foreign country. Secondly, the process of living alone teaches you to manage your time better and also the importance of sticking to a budget. It often also helps people come out of their shell and reach their full potential. You will also learn about a new culture, new lives and have a new perspective on life.
the state of net neutrality The likelihood is that if you spend any of your time on the internet, you have heard of net neutrality - the idea that Internet service providers (ISPs) should treat all Internet traffic equally. Much of the net neutrality debate revolves around the management of Internet traffic by ISPs and what constitutes reasonable traffic management. The European Parliament approved a “net neutrality” bill back in April of last year, barring ISPs from giving preference to some kinds of traffic on their networks and giving strong definitions to both the term “net neutrality” and the kinds of “specialized services” that carriers would be able to treat differently from normal internet services. The next step was for the draft bill to be approved by the European Council at which stage the draft was amended radically. The definitions were both gone. Instead, Council documents read that discussions are “converging” around a “principles-based approach, in order not to inhibit innovation and to avoid technological developments making the regulation obsolete.”
This means that specialized services would be neither regulated nor prohibited. Traffic management measures would get “necessary flexibility” making it possible to “block, slow down, alter, degrade or discriminate against” content, applications or services if there was a court order. This renders previous progress useless. To limit net neutrality would mean possibilities would be drastically reduced, stifling startups, competition and ultimately changing the internet as we know it. As ICTSA we believe in the values and principles that have developed Malta into an EU democratic country where we enjoy the right to express ourselves and where each entity, company and citizen is treated equally. In order to do this, the appropriate legislation should be in place to complement the modern technological and secure the future of the open web. www.ictsamalta.org ksu.org.mt
Baxter is a global diversified healthcare company applying innovative science to develop specialty therapies and medical products that sustain lives. Baxter products are infused, injected or inhaled more than six million times a day to treat life-threatening acute or chronic medical conditions. Employing over 60,000 employees globally, Baxter drives innovation through its Research and Development pipeline. Innovation is the driving force behind Baxterâ€™s success. Baxter invested $1.2 billion in R&D in 2013. R&D facilities are located in United States, Japan, China, Austria, Belgium, , Sweden, Italy, Germany and Malta. The R&D team in Malta has expanded from 35 employees in 2013 to 95 by December 2014 and is mainly made up of young engineers and scientists. This growth is a result of an increasing number of projects, varying between NPD (New Product Development) and SPO (Sustaining Products Operation) being assigned to Malta. R&D Malta employees work with peers in different functions from different locations around the world to reach the objectives set by Baxter. This growth brought along a considerable investment in the facilities for state of the art offices, meeting rooms and laboratories. More importantly, training opportunities have also increased significantly, both locally and abroad . If you are interested in joining our dynamic team and take up a role where your work can improve someoneâ€™s life , using state of the art technology, send your cv to: firstname.lastname@example.org
freedom of expression: absolutely right or regulated obligation ?
Whether or not you form part of a media organisation, you will surely have some thoughts about last January’s Charlie Hebdo attacks: 50 bullet shots and three days later, the events in La Ville Lumière shook the world to the core, and thrust the whole media spotlight into
youth is to instruct him to hold in higher esteem those who think alike, rather than those who think differently.”
revisiting an age-old question: How free should the free media be? Let’s be honest, Charlie Hebdo was not the most innocent and controversy-free of publications: from a zombie Michael Jackson to a DSK condom parade, they never shied away from controversy. And yet, this gives no right for anyone to obliterate the life of any person because of a difference in beliefs or sentiments. The same version of events happened only days later: The North Carolina shootings showed again the dangers of being unable to accept other’s beliefs: a dangerous yet extremely real scenario. Nietzsche’s words ring as loud as when he first wrote them: “The surest way to corrupt a
We at Insite Malta believe that the freedom of expression should be an absolute right: Although we might not agree with what every single student might say, we want every student to have the right and proper medium to say it. As we approach our 15th Anniversary, these words have remained as strong as when the idea of our organisation was first conceived: no matter how long the story, our aims of being an independent, student media organisation still remain constant. Stay tuned to the Insiter Online Portal for constant articles and updates about anything related to student life.
gaming at the junior college As a council, KSJC strives to ensure that all Junior College students enjoy the best college experience available. As time went by, it became evident that gaming has developed into a very popular past time amongst students at the Junior College and it soon became one of our aims to increase opportunities for students to openly play against each other and establish their ambitions in gaming. In order to achieve these goals, KSJC ambitiously attempted to organize various events, which cater for students who enjoy gaming, and also aim to increase interest in this regard. KSJC succeeded in doing this by establishing the â€˜Junior College Gaming Associationâ€™, which was an initiative that never took place before in the councilâ€™s history. The JCGA is a student organisation created solely for gamers, which shall aid the council in organizing events, which
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directly involve gamers around the college and increase student activism. In direct collaboration with the JCGA, KSJC shall proudly be organizing its second Junior College Gaming Tournament, where we shall provide gamers with an environment to openly compete with each other and show off their skills. KSJC is proud to have successfully achieved these goals and eagerly looks forward to further increasing student activism and organizing even more events related to gaming and various other student-related affairs.
drunk driving: our view Throughout our 5-year journey, our health association has strived to explore more aspects that are affecting today’s lack of awareness and knowledge, especially when it comes to general health and wellbeing. One of MHSA’s main campaigns for this year will target the ever-growing problem of driving under the influence of alcohol. MHSA is promoting the need for a culture change by reviewing the policies regarding this matter. We will be targeting young adults via social media, merchandise and press releases, but most importantly, we will tackle this on a national level to try and instigate a difference in mentality. If you are organising an event, are you willing to include transport fees with the ticket price? Are you ready to contribute towards the change of culture the society needs with the younger generation? Are you set to be an example to others and to establish a well-needed, new trend?
MHSA is aiming to develop these matters further, in our campaign: ‘Rethink Your Next Drink’ In the upcoming months, among other campaigns and events, MHSA will also be taking part in nationwide events, where many health professionals will come together with one main aim in mind – that of encouraging a much healthier lifestyle among the Maltese population, through a multidisciplinary approach. Our aim is to prove the existence and need of this multidisciplinary team through showcasing different careers working hand-in-hand. We encourage you to keep yourselves updated and well informed, as we attempt to instigate much needed heath conscience cultural shifts.
local Ideas, global agenda: mmsa in ifmsa As the world becomes more of a global village and globalisation has become the new buzz word, it is of utmost importance for us students to travel abroad. Travelling opens a plethora of opportunities and acts as a catalyst for increased maturity and self-confidence. Every interaction is a chance to learn and understand new cultures, traditions and ways of life. The Malta Medical Studentsâ€™ Association (MMSA) forms part of the International Federation of Medical Studentsâ€™ Association (IFMSA), which is an organisation that represents over 1.2 million medical students from more than 100 countries across six continents. The IFMSA hosts biannual general assemblies in different countries where medical students have the opportunity to meet as one community and discuss several issues. This yearâ€™s theme is Humanitarian Action, which is a current hot topic due to the conflicts and disasters occurring around the world. A group of 16 medical students will represent Malta and the MMSA at the March Meeting in Turkey. The students have the great opportunity of gaining new skills through training sessions, the experience of @KSU April 2015
sharing their projects, ideas and endeavours and participating in the administrative side of IFMSA. This gives us the advantage to strengthen and improve the quality of our projects locally. It is also an excellent time to make new contacts and build invaluable relationships with medical students from around the world. The March General Assembly is extra special for the MMSA because we will put forward our candidature to host the IFMSA March Meeting 2016 in Malta. Hosting such a large prestigious conference for about 1200 international students would be a privilege and a dream come true for the MMSA. These experiences encourage us to push our limits and do the impossible. We believe that the things our mind tells us are impossible are things just waiting to be accomplished. After all, everything was one impossible until someone did it!
pneumonia: the facts MPSA organised a series of health campaigns to raise awareness and encourage vaccination against pneumonia, in the run up to World Pneumonia Day, last November. Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lungs affecting the lower airways, or more specifically: the alveoli (air sacs). Bacteria or viruses usually cause this inflammation. Pneumonia presents itself through many symptoms, the most common being fever, fatigue, a productive cough, shaking chills, dyspnoea (shortness of breath), tachypnoea (increased breathing rate), and sharp chest pain on deep inhalation. It is important to point out that the cough itself may be absent in young children (usually less than 2 months old). Severe cases of pneumonia may be accompanied by a blue discolouration of the skin, cyanosis, in the core area, the lips and tongue, caused by insufficient oxygenation of these areas. A build-up of fluid in the alveoli, results in the gas exchange process being hindered.
Smoking and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (formerly referred to as chronic bronchitis), are two major predisposing factors; although uncontrolled diabetes and excess alcohol intake may also increase the likelihood of infection and hence contraction of the condition. It is also worth mentioning that children as well as the elderly are the most vulnerable age groups susceptible to infection. There are currently two types of vaccines available for prevention. The first is indicated and usually reserved for the elderly (more than 65 years of age) containing a mixture of different polysaccharide capsular serotypes derived from capsulated bacteria themselves. A single dose is given in this case. The second vaccine available is indicated for children and contains a mixture of different polysaccharide capsular serotypes, which are conjugated with carrier proteins derived from Corynebacterium diphtheriae. This is given at 2, 4, 6 and 15 months of age. ksu.org.mt
The Universiades ‘The Universiades’ are an international sporting and cultural festival, staged every two years in a different city. They are only second to the Olympic games. The Summer Universiade consists of 10 compulsory sports with 13 compulsory disciplines and up to 3 optional sports chosen by the host country. The record figures are 10,622 participants in Shenzhen, China, in 2011 and most recently 10,442 participants in Kazan, Russia in 2013. Embracing FISU’s motto of ‘Excellence in Mind and Body’, the Summer Universiade incorporates educational and cultural aspects into 12 days of sports competitions, allowing university studentathletes from all over the world to celebrate with the host city in a true spirit of friendship and sportsmanship.
Key facts about the Summer Universiade: The only summer multi-sport event in the world that connects students at both academic and athletic levels • • • • •
12 days of sports competitions More than 9,000 student-athletes and officials from over 170 countries 13 compulsory disciplines and up to 3 optional sports Volunteers and participants are students, generally of the same age. Broadcasted on more than 100 TV channels
The Malta University Sports Club attended the games in Kazan, Russia in 2013 with a delegation of 10. The MUSC is currently setting up a delegation to attend the games in Gwangju, South Korea, next July.
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education with a smile As MUST (Malta University Student Teachers), we have decided that throughout this year we will focus part of our efforts on sharing the beauty of education and the passion of educators. We started this year with a very interesting and noble scope. MUST in collaboration with the Faculty of Education organised a charity event on the 11th of February that was held at the children’s ward at Mater Dei hospital. Calls were made for students that are studying to teach different subjects to give a helping hand through the use of their specialising subject. A number of educational demonstrations were held which included hands on scientific experiments and reading sessions. Lecturers from different departments also gave their input for this event, increasing the sense of collegiality between the staff and students within the faculty. A number of books were donated to the children’s library present in the ward. It was an idea based upon the thought that these children should also have the right to learn and appreciate the passion that many authors and educators transmit through their published work. @KSU April 2015
This event highlights our passion, as future teachers, to transmit knowledge through fun and interactive activities. Children at hospital wards have already suffered a lot and thus what is more beautiful than helping those in need? In conclusion, MUST would like to share some wise words with you all that appreciate the importance of education and educators: “We make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we give.” – Winston Churchill.
pushing for a more progressive society With a Spring Hunting referendum looming in just few weeksâ€™ time, a discussion has emerged on whether sixteen year-olds should be allowed to vote or not. Rather simultaneously, representatives in Parliament pushed forward the proposal to bring down the age of consent. Pulse has been at the forefront of both issues,
In January, Pulse was the first organisation to state its position in favour of the lowering of the age of consent from eighteen to sixteen, basing itself not only on telling statistics, but on the stories of suffering and fear which hundreds of
being among the first to come out completely in favour of the concept of enfranchising sixteen year olds. In a policy document issued in October 2013, Pulse was clear that local councils should simply constitute the first step. National elections (including referenda) and European Parliament elections were to follow should we truly believe in the right of young people to vote.
responsible young couples had to endure. Malta currently stands with Turkey and Vatican State in having one of the oldest ages of consent in Europe. Furthermore, Pulse stressed its concern that while sixteen and seventeen year-olds are allowed to marry, open a bank account, and are considered to be fully criminally liable, they run the risk of penalty of law should they have a consensual sexual relation.
Unfortunately, the argument brought forward by opponents of this proposal mostly bases itself on a subjective measure of maturity. Looking back at our political history, one can see that
Pulse believes that trust in our youths should be reflected widely. The organisation shall be pursuing its core values and beliefs in pushing for a more progressive society which instils trust,
such very argument was used as an attempt to undermine progressive measures such as the enfranchisement of women and even the lowering of voting age from twenty-one to eighteen.
not fear in our upcoming generation.
the easa spirit according to sean mayl I had heard of this myth early on in my course. It was called EASA. The few who had experienced it always spoke highly of it. I couldn’t understand their profound obsession with EASA. They used to tell me it was amazing but I was always skeptical as to how good it really could be. When I went on my first EASA in Helsinki in the summer of 2012 I finally understood. There’s this thing they call EASA spirit, a feeling you endure when on EASA. EASA is so much more than an assembly of students; it’s a platform for the exchange of ideas and cultures for people from all over the planet; ultimately it is an ongoing social experiment. 500 people seem like a lot, but living with them for two weeks allows this group of strangers to become a community. It’s such a unique experience to be able to integrate with foreign architecture students. In 2013, myself and a few other ambitious architecture students and young professionals decided that Malta would be a perfect location
for EASA. We won the bid against a strong Russian proposal and now I am proudly part of the organizing committee of EASA Malta 2015. This event will take place in our beautiful capital and we cannot wait to boast our rich heritage with the rest of the continent. I strongly believe that EASA will be an enriching layer to the many facets of Valletta’s cultural diversity. Current students have the opportunity to enter the international architecture platform in their own country. Everyone’s work will be heard of and known throughout the rest of Europe. Participating in EASA is truly the best decision I have made in my years studying architecture. You won’t understand before you experience it yourself, so do so!! The only negative thing about EASA is that it ends.
@KSU April 2015
science For many, science is the awe of children and adults alike, when a balloon is pierced with a kebab without exploding. Seeing a solution of hydrogen peroxide and some dry yeast explode in a volcano of foam; that is what science is to us. This was one of the reasons why science communication became such an important part of science teaching. It can help explain to people who do not have the time to look into natureâ€™s intricate laws, what science really is about, in a manner that allows them to understand it. Science communication is making science a viable profession to pursue. Every year,new opportunities open up in our field. Today, we collect samples from nature, to discover and learn how the world around us works. Molecular gastronomy is now a thing; Science writers are increasing. This is just the tip of the iceberg.
initiatives such as Science in the City, NSTS Science Expo and STEM Unplugged, are doing what many thought was impossible - making science, fun! The image of a scientist is no longer that of an old man in a musty lab, looking inside a microscope, hiding behind large glasses, wearing a white lab coat. Scientists today, are exciting and entertaining, constantly doing exciting things, going on long hikes, blowing things up or simply making you laugh and learn. There was a campaign launched by the Royal Society of Chemistry, with the slogan, â€œNot all scientists wear white coatsâ€?. Today, this is becoming a reality; Science has a new face, and it is filled with innovation, energy and opportunities.
Is this happening in Malta? Yes, Science is growing. We are today seeing a generation to whom science is not just done in a lab, or read off a boring book. Science is interactive, science is around them, and science is everyday life. Science is everywhere: on the television, at school and at festivals. In Malta,
two weights, two measures ? As question marks were being raised regarding the issue of whether 16 and 17 year olds should be allowed to vote, SDM has been on the forefront to voice the concerns of thousands of students on the matter. During the 2013 General Election campaign, all the major political parties agreed on extending voting rights in Local Council elections to 16 and 17 year olds, as a sign of empowering youths when it comes to certain decision making. With the abrogative referendum on Spring Hunting being held on the same date as the Local Council elections, we are facing a situation where youths aged 16 and 17 will only be given voting rights in Local Council elections and will not be eligible to vote in the Referendum on Spring Hunting. Does this represent a case of two weights, two measures? We believe that this manifests an opportunity presented on a silver platter to make these elections a historical step for Maltese society. Whilst the referendum will be the first to be prompted by the Maltese electorate, it is
@KSU April 2015
also a chance to give youths the chance to express their opinion on an issue concerning them directly. Youths care deeply about their environment and enabling this section of our population to cast their vote on this matter would showcase a new level of trust in our youths. As SDM, we have called upon the government to reconsider the decision and take the necessary steps to make youthsâ€™ voices heard and avoid the situation where we would be enabling youths to elect their local representatives, but at the same time, refrain them from granting them the opportunity to decide on a major part of our future.
cultural differences: a valuable resource, not a reason for conflict International cooperation is central to TDM2000â€™s work, which focuses on increasing active youth participation in society on a local and an international level. For 10 years the organisation has organised international projects and events of a combined formal and non-formal nature tackling the need for cooperation of youth from different regions. The pool of trainers at TDM2000 has been a source for many workshops and information activities. Activities include group builders, alternative methods of collecting data and data presentation, using media to raise awareness of local realities, creativity and innovation sessions, and topic based brainstorming sessions. Participants are given the opportunity to increase their knowledge on current international affairs and develop personal competences to help tackle conflict on a personal or organisational level. The workshops generally reveal how valuable cultural differences can be as a resource.
Projects worth mentioning are an inter-religious tolerance training course (WORSHIP NOT WARSHIP) and a conflict management exchange organised with Mediterranean Countries (MEDITERRANGEMENT). In these projects youths worked together to increase awareness of cultures and discussed how to increase cooperation between countries which are regularly at loggerheads.Â Groups worked and lived together for a week, trying to shed light on misinterpretations created by international media, and suggesting solutions to conflicts. Many applications for conflict resolution were proposed. Participants deduced that more international youth cooperation could lead to finding solutions to international problems. TDM 2000 takes great pride in sharing the results obtained from these projects with the general public and decision makers. ksu.org.mt
@KSU April 2015
debating French moralist Joseph Joubert once said, “It is better to debate a question without settling it than to settle a question without debating it”. What better way to reconcile arguments than through civilized sit-downs facing opponents? Debating, a system of representational discussions, empowers people to raise their voices while building presentation skills, confidence in speaking publicly and improves listening capabilities. Debates may be a key tool for the empowerment of youths. Adolescents are surely mature enough to develop strong opinions and participating in debates is the perfect opportunity to shore their speaking skills.
competitors to face each other, both SDM and Pulse managed to uphold a fruitful and civilized debate, while answering questions and triggering issues affecting all Junior College students. Following this effective event, we see a prosperous future of holding other debates affecting students since they are not solely about developing public speaking skills and voicing opinions, but many friendships are fostered as part of the team-building experience.
There are always two sides to a story, sometimes even more than two. When one argues and another counter-argues, the two are forced to understand each other’s side, not necessarily agreeing with it. The Third Eye, being a media platform run by students promoting the work of other students, aims to voice opinions, tastes and spread current news. The successful ‘The Third Eye – KSJC Elections Debate’, held last November prior to these elections, was our first debate held in the KSU Common Room. Bringing the two
careers & career development in maltaâ€™s tourism industry After an absence of two years from student representation, TSA was re-launched last year. In order to get back on track and entice students to get familiar with the organisation, the Annual conference had been held at the Phoenicia Hotel on the 30th of April 2014. TSA has career prospects for all tourism students at heart and this was the main focus of the conference where careers and career development were discussed. Distinguished guest speakers included Dr. Edward Zammit Lewis Hon. Minister for Tourism and Mr. Paul Bugeja President of the Malta Hotels & Restaurants Association (MHRA). Dr.Edward Zammit Lewis accentuated that students that aspire to work in the tourism industry have the responsibility of being an important link in the tourism value chain. Pushing tourism students to actively participate in university life is one of the ambitions of the organisation as Gilbert Amato Gauci, President of TSA highlighted this in his concluding speech. @KSU April 2015
The inspirational words from all guest speakers and the panel present made the conference a huge success and gave a boost to the cocurrent situation of TSA. The Annual Conference will be held again this year, so stay tuned to our Facebook page for more details in the near future.
keeping engineering students connected: the uesa app First semester has already flown by, and like any other organisation, here at UESA we’re gearing up to provide a jam-packed upcoming semester! But, looking back at first semester, we must appreciate that our most fulfilling event was the launch of our brand new mobile application. The app was launched towards mid-October, after the producers, Skylabs, spent the summer working on it. This application is not simply a method for users to keep themselves updated with UESA’s progress, but is aimed to be used as a tool for engineering students to use on a day-to-day basis. The app is split into two main sections: the common section available to all students who download it, and the members’ section which is strictly restricted to students’ currently attending the University of Malta. The members’ section also provides access to our brand new discount card. The main section provides basic tools such as a
calculator, calendar of events, a list of sponsors, information about UESA, and information about the team too. The main section also includes a handy-resistor sheet, which is highly praised by the electrical engineering students. Links to upcoming and past events may also be found. The members’ section provides basic resources; including timetables for each year, and basic booklets and resources commonly used by engineering students. Students may also access application forms for events and visits from this section. Finally, the members’ section provides access to the discount card, where engineering students benefit from discounts from various restaurants and shops. The application is available on both Apple and Android platforms and is free of charge! Here at UESA we encourage all students to download the app and keep themselves updated with UESA and what we have to offer. ksu.org.mt
dallara automobili visits the uom racing team Founded in 2013, UoMR attracts students from a number of different faculties, all sharing a passion for engineering and motorsport. Our goals are threefold: to Design, Build and Race a formula style car at a Formula SAE event overseas. Last year was the team’s first time competing at FSAE Italy where UoMR managed to rank 23rd overall, with the best results achieved in the Cost and Acceleration events, placing 5th and 6th from around 80 Universities. Last year’s car was very well received by the judges at the competition especially considering the tight budgets which UoMR had to work with. As a result, the team will be hosting Dr. Ing. Andrea Toso, Head of R&D and US Race and Defence programs of Dallara Automobili for a week of lectures on vehicle dynamics. Dallara Automobili is a worldwide leader in chassis manufacturing for motorsports and works with a number of renowned sports-car companies, including Ferrari and Lamborghini. Such sessions will enhance the team’s knowledge and help
@KSU April 2015
the team build a better car and improve UoMR’s ranking. With the design ready and exams out of the way, the team is now working around the clock on the manufacturing stage of the race car. This year, UoMR aims to finish its car early in the summer, so as to have ample time for testing and driver training. All this would not be possible without the help of our sponsors. University of Malta Racing would like to thank the Ministry for Education and Employment, Tek-Moulds, Trelleborg Sealing Solutions, Adpro-Instruments, SKF Engineering, Transport Malta and PwC Malta. Special thanks go to RIDT, the University of Malta and Kunsill Malti għall-iSport, of which UoMR is a member. UoMR is constantly looking for new partners, in order to successfully complete its project. www.uomracing.com
be who you are ‘Coming out of the closet’ has been a phenomenon that LGBTQQI people have thought about at some point or another in their lifetime. It does not just refer to the coming to terms with one’s own gender identity, but also to the sharing of this identity with one’s relatives, loved ones and with society in general. Coming out is a very delicate process, which, though encouraged by those who are openly LGBTQQI, is often abhorred by those who are still coming to terms with who they are. Social implications, be they family or work related, always cast doubts on whether this is a step that one should take. Arguing that sexual identity is something private that need not be flaunted is seen as a plausible and acceptable decision in a world where LGBTQQI people are still being discriminated against every day. This, fortunately, does not seem to be the case in our country. The winds of change have hit our islands.
We believe that Malta offers a good support system to those who would like to come out. Organisations such as We Are, MGRM, and Drachma Parents, among others, offer support to those who reach out to them for help, support and shelter. ‘We Are’, the LGBTQQI organisation on campus, offers support to university students and other youth who would like to share their experience with people they can identify with. Through our events, we try to reach out to new students who would like to make use of our friendly and informal ambience to share their experience and learn from the other members’ experiences. And this, we believe, can truly make a difference.
With the introduction of the Civil Union Bill and the drafting of the Gender Identity Bill currently being read in Parliament, we can assert that our society has become more tolerant and more open to all sexual identities and relationships.
things can change Sustainability In simple terms it is defined as the endurance of systems and processes. But what does this actually mean and how can we apply it to our everyday life? If you were to go back in time, to a time where industrialisation didn’t exist, you would realise that people worked sustainably because it directly impacted their life. Fishermen, for example, would only catch fish which was in season, leaving the young to grow and reproduce. Basically, they always made sure there were plenty of fish in the sea. So what happened to this logical way of life? We won’t go into the how and the why, but instead we’ll go into the next step. As Ghandi said, you have to “be the change you want to see in the World” and you’ve got to go about your life making those tiny differences. Separate your waste, sponsor a tree, and avoid wasting water or food. These are all simple things that you can do in your household, workplace, or with a group of friends.
@KSU April 2015
Remember that true progress takes time. When the ozone hole became an issue 27 years ago the world was dumbstruck. People couldn’t believe that their actions had led to such a dangerous catastrophe, what’s more was that people couldn’t imagine how CFCs (the cause of the whole problem) could possibly be removed. CFCs were found in so many products that were cheap, everyday items. How could things possibly be fixed? Well thankfully, the leaders of the world came together and CFCs were banned. Products became “ozone friendly” and children were taught about the dangers of CFCs. Fast-forward 27 years and the hole is much smaller. Standing as a testimony that things can, and will change.
Get the ball rolling; find out how you can do your part by visiting Y4TE’s Facebook page!
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@KSU April 2015