Keweenaw County Place-‐based Targeting Strategy Keweenaw County -‐-‐ Grant # MSC-‐2011-‐0741-‐HOA The Place-‐based Targeting Strategy represents MSHDA’s Community Development Division approved process and the County’s determinations to address the following Special Condition: To receive the second year funding (the remaining 50% of the grant award) the grantee must engage in community planning for a Targeted Strategy that will forward the goal of Place Making, resulting in a plan approved by MSHDA, Community Development Division.
Authorized Signatory for Grantee Printed Name Date Data collection and final report prepared by MSHDA approved Technical Assistance provider, Kuntzsch Business Services, Inc.
2012/2013 CDBG Grant
Introduction On September 2, 2011 the Michigan State Housing Development Authority (MSHDA) sent a memo to its County Allocation Housing Resource Fund Grantees to notify them of changes to the County Allocation Program. Due to recent cuts in the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program, which funds MSHDA’s County Allocation Program, and the difficult housing market, MSHDA determined it was necessary to redefine its investment priorities. The memo states, “…we must provide solutions by redefining our investment priorities within our [Housing Resource Fund]. We will do this by targeting our resources collectively between state and local governments by creating ‘Sense of Place’ investment priorities.” In order to access 50% of their County Allocation funding, the memo requires counties to, “…engage in community planning for a ‘Targeted Strategy’ that will forward the goal of Place Making, resulting in a plan approved by [MSHDA’s Community Development Division].” The purpose of this Place-‐based Targeting Strategy is two-‐fold; it addresses the requirement for a “Targeted Strategy” set forth by MSHDA in the Program for Creating a Place-‐based Targeting Strategy (see Appendix 1) while also identifying needs for improving the quality of place in targeted areas, which extend beyond the current scope of the County Allocation Program.
2012/2013 CDBG Grant
Identification of Target Areas Keweenaw County has identified Allouez Township as its primary target area for the 2012/2013 County Allocation Program Grant. Map 1 displays the Township’s location relative to the County as a whole and Map 2 provides a detailed view of Township boundaries. Map 1
2012/2013 CDBG Grant Map 2
Rationale for target areas Keweenaw County has selected Allouez Township has its target area based on the following considerations: • Seventy-‐five percent of the County’s population lives in Allouez Township (see Appendix 2). • The vast majority of previous home rehabs were within the Township (see Appendix 3). • Targeting the Township allows homes within the very small boundaries of the Village of Allouez, as well as homes just outside the boundaries, to be targeted. Allouez Township also includes the unincorporated Villages of Mohawk, Fulton and Allouez. • The Township and the Village of Allouez are the only areas in the County that meet MSHDA’s requirements for target areas (see Attachment 2). • The Village of Allouez is one of the few areas in the County with essential public services to support economic development (sewer, water, transportation infrastructure, communications).
2012/2013 CDBG Grant During each subsequent grant cycle, the County will work with the Western Upper Peninsula Planning and Development Region (WUPPDR), who administers the grant, to assess conditions within the township and other potential target areas.
Consistency with existing plans Keweenaw County adopted a Master Land Use Plan to guide development in the county. Targeting Allouez Township for investment through the County Allocation Program is consistent with that plan. Specifically, policy statement 1-‐2: Create mechanisms to ensure new developments function as extensions of existing development patterns including: Eagle Harbor, Lac LaBelle, Gay and Eagle River as extended vacation, seasonal, and permanent residential communities; Allouez – Ahmeek – Mohawk – Fulton as a focus for permanent residential/business development; and Copper Harbor as a tourist-‐oriented business/residential community. The Western Upper Peninsula Planning and Development Region’s Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy (CEDS) plan identifies a variety of goals and objectives for the region in terms of economic development. Targeting Allouez for investment through the County Allocation Program is consistent with those goals and objectives. Additionally, the CEDS plan identifies specific projects in each community, some of which are described in further detail in the Recommendations section of this document.
2012/2013 CDBG Grant
Target Area Requirements This section responds to the requirements for target areas identified by MSHDA in the Program for Creating a Place-‐based Targeting Strategy, as outlined in Appendix 1.
Housing Density Keweenaw County: .007 Housing units/acre Allouez Township: .029 Housing units/acre
Zoning Zoning for the Township is administered by Keweenaw County. The County Zoning ordinance provides for several districts within the target area that would be classified as mixed-‐use. Among these are the Resort Services District and General Business District, both of which are located in the Village of Ahmeek.
Keweenaw County Allouez Township *County Median Income: $38,872
% of County Median Income* 8% 8%
Median Home Value
Keweenaw County Allouez Township
% of County Median Home Value 100% 82%
Area Keweenaw County Allouez Township
2011 State Equalized Value $215,293,851 $33,510,150
2012/2013 CDBG Grant
Target Area Recommendations This section responds to recommendations for placemaking from MSHDA in the Program for Creating a Place-‐based Targeting Strategy (see Appendix 1) and also identifies needs for enhancing the quality of place within target areas beyond the scope of the County Allocation Program. These additional needs have been identified with the understanding that the State of Michigan may be targeting other state resources to create and enhance high-‐quality places in the future.
Access to Transportation Residents of Allouez Township have access to public transit via a weekly fixed-‐route that connects Mohawk to Houghton/Hancock as well as demand-‐response service one day a week. Both are operated by the Baraga-‐Houghton-‐Keweenaw Community Action Agency. Allouez Township has access to a single U.S./state highway in US-‐41/M-‐26. In general, the County is very isolated both in terms of distance and transportation infrastructure.
Pedestrian Infrastructure The Village of Ahmeek is the only area within the Township that has a sidewalk system. Further development of sidewalks should be pursued as appropriate. Continued development of trail networks in the county is critical to maintaining the county’s tourist base as well as providing transportation alternatives for residents.
Proximity to necessities and community assets Major Employers Lake Superior Bible Conference Superior National Bank and Trust Keweenaw County (located in Eagle Harbor) Parks The primary asset of Allouez Township and Keweenaw County as a whole is the natural environment. Consequently conservation and responsible use of public land is critical to the County’s future. The County owns a wide range of public park facilities in addition to state, national and privately-‐owned forest land available for public use. The most significant township-‐owned property is the 200-‐acre Seneca Lake Recreation area, which is mostly undeveloped. Healthcare Facilities The closest hospital is located in the Village of Laurium, in Houghton County. Other medical offices are primarily located in northern Houghton County as well. Grocery Stores A single small grocery store is located in Mohawk, within Allouez Township.
2012/2013 CDBG Grant Community Centers The Allouez Township Community Center, a 100-‐seat building with a playground, is located in the Village of Ahmeek.
Program for Creating a Place-‐Based Targeting Strategy The following process has been developed to target the County Allocation Program for placemaking in each county participating in the current grant cycle.
Identification of Target Areas 1. Target area(s) must be identified based on one or more of the following: 1.1. County and/or regional planning documents 1.2. Analysis of existing conditions 2. Consistency with existing plans 2.1. Target area(s) should be identified on relevant plans (regional, county and/or local) as an area suitable for investment in housing, infrastructure enhancements, and economic development.
Target Area Requirements All target areas must meet the following criteria. 1. Housing Density 1.1. The target area must have 50% more housing units per acre than the county as a whole. 2. Zoning 2.1. Zoning in the target area must be flexible enough to permit the creation of high-‐quality places. 2.1.1. Ideally, the target area should be primarily zoned with a mixed-‐use classification. But at a minimum, residential, commercial and office uses must be permitted within the target area. 3. Affordability 3.1. Median rent in the target area must be 30% or less of county median household income. 3.2. Median home value in the target area must be equal to or less than 110% of median home value for the county as a whole. 4. Assessed value of targeted area and county. 4.1.1. Submit assessed value of target area and the county as a whole for the current year.
Target Area Recommendations The following items indicate recommended characteristics of target areas. Grantees must respond to the following questions for each target area. If the answer to any question is “No,” the grantee must identify how the county will pursue improvements that move the target area toward meeting that recommendation in the future. 1. Access to transportation 1.1. Does the target area have access to public transportation?
2/8/2012 1.2. Does pedestrian infrastructure exist in the target area that effectively connects key destinations? 1.2.1. Sidewalks, bike lanes and/or multi-‐use pathways should provide access to destinations within and outside of the target area. 2. Proximity to necessities and community assets 2.1. Is the target area within walking distance (1/2 mile) of major employment centers? 2.2. Is the target area within walking distance (1/2 mile) of parks and green infrastructure assets? 2.3. Distance to essential services 2.3.1. Is the target area within walking distance (1/2 mile) of healthcare facilities? 2.3.2. Is the target area within walking distance (1/2 mile) of schools? 2.3.3. Is the target area within walking distance (1/2 mile) of grocery stores? 2.4. Is the target area within walking distance (1/2 mile) of community facilities e.g. community centers, local government offices, etc.?
Table 4: County Target Area Requirements Evaluation (source: 2010 Census and 2010 ACS 5-‐year estimates)
Geography Keweenaw County Ahmeek village Copper Harbor CDP Eagle Harbor CDP Eagle River CDP Allouez township Eagle Harbor township Grant township Houghton township Sherman township
Population 2,156 146 108 76 71 1,571 217 219 82 67
Housing Units 2,467 119 161 205 149 1,012 522 499 282 152
*Bold Text= Eligible area **Roscommon County Median Income: $33,542
HU/Acre 0.007 2.714 0.166 0.178 0.039 0.029 0.005 0.007 0.004 0.004
HU/Acre % of County 100% 38030% 2330% 2490% 549% 406% 63% 92% 51% 51%
CR % of County MI 8% -‐ 13% -‐ -‐ 8% -‐ 13% -‐ -‐
Contract Rent $267 -‐ $413 -‐ -‐ $256 -‐ $413 -‐ -‐
Home Value HV % of County $81,800 100% $57,900 71% $92,500 113% $173,800 212% $178,100 218% $66,800 82% $241,700 295% $137,500 168% $183,800 225% $101,800 124%
Appendix 3 Map 3: Previous County Allocation grant home rehabs, December 2011