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From The Editor....

!! t too soon I can sality!tle no d An ! ng ru Sp y all d just that Well Spring has fin de you want to stay noin exvecuse now for those ma st ju ts os fr w fe e os Th ing.... Oh well thereld.is...get out there and ride bit longer every moisrnTo Dark or Too Co riders that say it ve lotos of fun! your ponies and ha g,

Happy Riding & Readin

Donna

pg. 5 pg. 21

pg. 39

pg. 41

DEADLINE FOR ARTWORK 15th of each month Printed by: FAST PROOF PRESS (07) 5578 4722

Disclaimer

Gold Coast Local Horse Magazine have taken every care in preparation of this magazine. Therefore it may not be copied in part or whole for reproduction, without said magazine's written authority. While we take every care in the preparation and accuracy of its contents we are not responsible for any mistakes or misprints in any article or advertisement, nor are we responsible for any errors by others. Gold Coast Local Horse Magazine accepts no liability resulting from omissions, errors, misprints or failure to publish any advertisment.

Contents

Breeds Page....4 Dressage Page....8 Eventing Page..12 Horsemanship Page..16 Polocrosse Page..25 Pony/Riding Clubs Page..28 Kids Corner Page..32 Show Jumping Page..38 Showing Page..42 Out & About Page..22 Service Directory Page..48 Stallion Edition Page..51

Articles

The History of the Clydesdale Philosophy of Dressage (Robyn Judd) 5 minutes with Robyn Judd 2 Mins How To’s Cross Country Fences Ausralian Inguenity Conquering the World Foal Handling the John Chatterton Way Talk to the Animals Out n About Feeding the Polocrosse Horse Rider of the Month - Jahlee Morris Harness Types & How they Work Old doesnt mean Poor Your Future Strategy - Finance Starting the Showjumping Career Pt V Dan James Bio - Road to the Horse Makeup How What & Wear Veterinary - Big Head John Whiteley - Farrier The Sky is the Limit - France here we come Safe Teasing Male Horses - A Role in Early Term Abortions

Page.....5 Page.....9 Page....10 Page....13 Page....14 Page....17 Page....21 Page....22 Page....25 Page....29 Page....31 Page....34 Page....36 Page....39 Page....41 Page....43 Page....46 Page....47 Page ...49 Page....56 Page ...64

Front Cover Conqueror King standing at Cushavon Park Photo by Downunder Photography Artwork by Annie Minton Design Contacts:

Editor: Donna Morton- 0419 029 070 Photographer for Events: Downunder Photography - 0419 029 070 Office: (07) 55 434 878 Editor: donna@localhorsemagazine.com.au Advertising: sales@gclhorsemag.com.au W: www.localhorsemagazine.com.au 3


What’s On Calendar Breeds www.wpcs.com.au/qld www.mhaaqld.com.au

September 2011

Gold Coast Show 2nd & 4th Sept www.goldcoastshow.com.au

Beaudesert Show 9th 7 10th Sept Contact: Sue Ferguson 5541 4037 Email: secretary@beaudesertshow.com.au Web: www.beaudesertshow.com.au

Qld Pinto State Championships 11th Sept Caboolture Showgrounds or phone (07) 5498 6815 Emai: qldpintos@gmail.com Web: www.queenslandpintos.com

Beenleigh Show 16th & 17th Sept Contact: Secretary 3807 1871 Web: www.beenleigh.countryshows.com.au

Single Judge All Breeds Western Show Caboolture Indoor Arena Contact: 5494 1071 Website: ww.seqpc-inc.com

18th September

Tamborine Mt Show 24th & 25th Sept www.tamborinemtnshow.com.au

October / November 2011 Palouse State Show 9th October Indoor Wallon Email: carapalida@bigpond.com Web: http://bcpalouseponyassoc.webs.com WP & CS Qld RPG Native Pony Younstock & Performance Show Woodford Showgrounds Contact: Sue Groundwater 5483 4765 Website: wpcs.com.au/qld

29 - 30 October

The Arabian Horse Breeders Alliance Showcase - Equitana

10th November

10am Sydney Showgrounds www.arabianhorsebreedersalliance.com www.equitana.com.au

Qld Champagne Classic Halter Extravaganza

20th November

Email: carapalida@bigpond.com Web: http://bcpalouseponyassoc.webs.com

To Advertise your upcoming Events for FREE Contact: Gold Coast & Logan Local Horse Magazine at donna@localhorsemagazine.com.au 4


Our History 1800 to 1850 “Exactly when the first importations of heavy horses into Australia were made is not clear, ...however, ... in the early days of settlement of New South Wales, pioneers essayed to bring horses for draught purposes to these shores despite the difficult transport conditions then met with.” One of the earliest references to the introduction of heavy horses was made by James Atkinson, in his work titled, The State of Agriculture and Grazing In New South Wales, published in 1826. He wrote:Some stallions and mares of the English and Flemish cart breeds have lately been introduced. The purebred horses of this description are certainly too heavy for the climate, but it is probable that, by judicious crossing with the lighter kinds, a breed may be obtained with sufficient bone and strength, but yet not too heavy, for the purposes of draught in this climate, which, (Mr Atkinson added) seems peculiarly congenial to the breeding and improvement of horses. In Tasmania, ... the English dray horse appears to have predominated ... Victoria, in its early days of settlement, secured its foundation in draught stock mainly from Tasmania and New South Wales, to be later followed by importations from England and Scotland. English horses were also introduced into Western Australia late in the 1830’s and some were also imported to South Australia.

Our History 1850 - 1900 “It was not, however, until the 1850’s, following the discovery of gold in New South Wales and Victoria, that draught horse breeding received its greatest impetus. Victoria became the centre of this activity, and the lead was there given for the introduction of the best breeding stock from Scotland, ... with the development of the agricultural industry, draught horse breeding made rapid progress, aided principally by the introduction of some of the best strains of the Clydesdale breed.” The main draught horse breeding centre in New South Wales was the Hawkesbury Valley, near Sydney... When the Clydesdale was introduced into the district it was some years before the breed received much encouragement, but, in time, it gradually superseded all other heavy breeds. In Queensland, the Clydesdale was brought prominently to the front ... in or about 1855.” “The establishing of a stud book for Draught Horses in Australia was first considered by the Council of the Royal Agricultural Society of Victoria as far back as 1885. No definite action was taken until October 1903, when that Society appointed a committee to report on the matter.”

Flashdale (Imp) by Dunure Footprint

Cont’d over 5


The History of the Clydesdale cont’d...

Our History 1900 - 1930

Our History 1930 - 1950

The greatest progress and development of the Clydesdale horse in Australia, has, however, taken place in the 30 years up to 1936 ... to the almost complete elimination of other draught breeds ... . Much credit is due to those enterprising breeders who maintained their faith in the Clydesdale horse and who, in spite of the decline in horse breeding following the Great War, not only preserved their studs, but improved them through the introduction of fresh sire blood.”

“Australia ... has always trailed the rest of the world in breeding trends, and the peak of Clydesdales here was not reached until the mid 1930’s, some 25 years after Great Britain... . Australia carried on the tradition of breeding for the best. Australia’s slowness to change from horse power to petrol, resulted in a building up of good quality Clydesdales ...

In 1904, the committee due to report on the establishment of a stud book for Draught Horses in Australia recommended the publication of a Draught Horse Stud Book for Victoria, to include Clydesdales, English Shires and Suffolk Punches - each breed to occupy a separate section of the book. The Council of the Society adopted the committee’s recommendation, but subsequently amended the conditions of registration, and altered the title of the book to The Draught Horse Stud Book of Australia so that horses in other States could be registered. The first volume was published in 1907, and until after the last issue of its seventh volume, the Draught Horse Stud Book of Australia was the only stud book for draught horses published in Australia. In 1917, the first volume of the Australian Clydesdale Stud Book was published by the newly established Australian Clydesdale Society On the 1st of November 1917, it was decided to recommend ... that the Australian Clydesdale Horse Society’s Stud Book and the Clydesdale section of the Draught Horse Stud Book of Australia, be amalgamated. It was further resolved to recommend that a new controlling body be established ... the new controlling body being named the Commonwealth Clydesdale Horse Society ... The first meeting was held in Melbourne on 24th July 1918 ... . It was unanimously agreed that the standard for stallions should be “four top crosses” and for mares “three top crosses” of Clydesdale breeding, which were the regulations governing registration in the Australian Clydesdale Stud Book ... at a meeting in Sydney in March, 1921, ... Rules and Regulations were adopted, and it was decided that entries for the first volume of the Commonwealth Clydesdale Stud Book should close on 30th September 1921. ... Captain A. E. T. Payne (President of the Victorian Branch) was unanimously elected first President of the Society ... Following this meeting, the Society was accorded the hearty support of Clydesdale enthusiasts throughout the Commonwealth.” Mares belonging to Wm.Black of Coldstream Vic. 1927

In the decade leading up to World War II, competition was very keen in the show ring, with many imported horses from Scotland and New Zealand and their progeny together with well-bred local horses providing big classes of quality horses... The declaration of War in 1939 was a retrograde step for heavy horse breeding; prices fell off quickly and most shows ceased showing Clydesdales... . Melbourne Show was again held for the first time post-war in 1946... .”

Our History 1950 - 1970 “The fifties and sixties were dark years for the horse... The horse market was in the doldrums and good horses were sold for a pittance... . By the late 1950’s Draught Horse values dropped to rock bottom. About this time some Australian breeders claim they saw quality mares almost given away. A turning point came late in the 1960’s when interest slowly increased in the heavy horse... .”

Our History 1970 - Present Since 1970 there has been a resurgence of interest in the Clydesdale horse in Australia. The use of Clydesdales in brewery teams around Australia has greatly increased the profile of the breed. The pleasure and experience of owning and working this magnificent horse has seen the introduction of many new converts to the breed. The numbers of exhibitors at local shows have been on the increase and more working classes are appearing in show schedules. The membership of the Society is currently standing at 673 distributed across 5 state branches as follows: Victoria / Tasmania 39%, New South Wales 27%, Queensland 20%, Western Australia 9% and South Australia 5%. The 35th stud book is being prepared for publishing towards the end of 2008 bringing the total number of horses bred in Australia since the start of registrations in 1924 to 8455 Stallions/Geldings and 18104 Mares Each branch on an annual rotational basis will hold a major show giving members the chance to contest for the Max Fowler Award. This Federal award was created in memory of one of our long serving breeders and judges the late Mr Max Fowler. Our events page will have details of the shows and activities held in each state.


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What’s On Calendar Dressage www.qld.equestrian.org.au

September 2011

8

October/ November 2011

PRARG Assoc.Dressage Contact: Lindal Binch 3297 5759 Email: prarginc@iprimus.com.au Web: www.prarg.com

4th Sept

Samford Assoc Dressage 2nd October Samford Showgrounds Contact: e: amandakilpat@hotmail.com Website: www.samfordequestriangroupcom

Tweed Valley Assoc. Dressage Murwillumbah Showgrounds Contact: Kim Jackson 0403 128 637 Email: kim.jackson@tveg.org.au Website: www.tveg.org.au

11th Sept

QLD DRESSAGE STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS Contact: sonja.risa@gmail.com

Fig Tree Pocket Off.& Ass. Dressage Contact: Emma O’Connor Email: oconnor.e@hotmail.com Website: www.nominate.com

11th Sept

Caboolture Assoc Dressage 16th Oct Caboolture Showgrounds Contact: herald_adsl@hotkey.net.au Website: www.caboolturedressage.org.au

LVRC Dressage & Showjumping 18th Sept Website: www.loganvillageridingclub.com

Logan Village Assoc Dressage 16th Oct Logan Village Riding Club Contact: Sarah Craddock 0427 812 918 E: lvrc@ecn.com.au Website: www.loganvillageridingclub.org.au

LEGS Assoc Dressage Laidley Showgrounds Contact: Brooke Graham 5464 5771 Email: secretary@legs.org.au Website: www.legs.org.au

18th Sept

NADEC Off & Assoc Dressage Mudgeeraba Showgrounds Contact: Gayle Blums Email: admin@jumpingc crocodilecruises.com.au Website: www.nadec.net

25th Sept

RASDEC Assoc. Dressage Wynnum Pony Club Contact: Yvette Vlies 0422 499 832 Email: ymv@iinet.net.au Website: www.rasdeg.org.au

25th Sept

ZONE TEAMS DRESSAGE CHALLENGE Southport Pony Club Grounds

7 - 9th Oct

22-23 Oct

Logan Village Riding Club 23 Oct Interclub Challenge Website: www.loganvillageridingclub.com AUSTRALIAN DRESSAGE CHAMPIONSHIPS 27 - 30th Oct Cedar Grove Assoc Dressage Day Cedar Grove Grounds Contact: Kristen Heffernan 55 464 410 E: kristen@safetyequip.com.au

30 Oct

Caboolture Assoc Dressage & Sign on Day 6th Nov Contact: hearld_adsl@hotkey.net.au Website: www.caboolturedressage.org.au


Robyn Judd

Philosophy of Training D

...Horses as individuals ~ Dressage.

ressage is not a robotic mimic of movements it is the ability of two beings to move as one having a private and intimate understanding of what each other are thinking and doing. This might sound a bit airy but whether I am on a young horse at the beginning of their training or on a horse with education, I still take my time to feel what’s happening and not just demand their obedience and submission to the aids. All that will get you is a horse that is tense and unsure. If life teaches us anything it is that trust and respect is earned not forced. You can not make people trust you so why do we just assume our horses should – is it because they are an animal that we just assume our actions are without consequences. As riders, we need to ride to the best of our ability just as we want our horses to work to the best of their ability. A dressage rider needs to be centred, balanced and soft enough to allow the horse to move freely and yet effective enough that enhances the performance, not interfere or inhibit it. Yes, this is much easier said than done, that’s why the true art of dressage is a life’s work and there are no quick fixes – well not if you want to do it well that is. If we look at horses that we see out at competitons, there is a variety of breeds all with riders at different levels with the hope of improving upon their last outing or aiming for that blue ribbon and trophy. They all move slightly differently, they all react differently to the way we use our aids and each have a way they prefer to approach different exercises. It is exactly the same with us as riders we all approach things differently and

we place aids differently. No one will ride your horse the way you do. Everyone will react differently to the way they ride movement. To ride well is to allow yourself to be soft enough to feel what is happening and still be effective. Yes, your horse has to be obedient and submissive to the aids; it is a natural instinct to follow a leader they respect and trust to guide them and create the way you want them to move. For some horses this is easier as it’s more natural, they have been bred purely for this discipline. For other horses, maybe through poor conformation, general ability or breed type, their suitability for this discipline may be limited. No matter what horse you have, if you don’t take the time to train the basics well or allow the horse to grow, you have already limited what they are capable of doing, as they’ve quite likely developed incorrectly; whether physically, mentally or both! The basics of all dressage riding is the foundation training and building block for the more advance movements. If the foundation work is not solid, then as your training advances, issues will arise. Any horse can be trained to do dressage, but it depends on just how far you want to go, as to the horse you choose to try and get you there. Some of us do not have that opportunity to go and buy a horse who’s own natural talent is so outstanding that allows them to move and learn with ease, but at the end of the day it is the way you ride them that will see how far you go. A lot of us have a horse that requires a bit more work as they may not be perfect for the sport but with dedication and time can still do amazing things. You just have to make sure you allow the both of you a chance to achieve and grow with each step of your training and not be greedy or impatient for it to happen as the bond you create will not only for fill your own soul but also that of your horse and they too will try just as hard as you to get it right. Our horses are a mirror of us, not just as a rider but also who we are on the inside. No matter what discipline we ride, it will all come down to the relationship you have created with your horse that will see you achieve your goals! << Our stallion ‘Glory B2U’, at the start of his competition career, displaying a soft relaxed attuide with gaits that are engaged and activily forward, with rider Katie Boniface whom is also one of our coaches.

Perfect Your Dressage With Us... NCAS Level 1 Instructors

9


Robyn Judd

5 Minutes with

How old where you when you started riding?

‘Flea’, a grey thoroughbred stallion that lived next door; was the first horse I rode at the age of 4. He would let me sit on him when he was laying down. He would also stand next to the fence so I could climb up to reach his back. He was my first love and best friend and yes, my parents would not have been happy if they knew.

What is your favourite discipline?

Hmm… to be completely honest I could not pick just one. I have been lucky to have had many different riding experiences - English, Western, Stock Work and Pleasure. They all have their place and when you see a well trained horse that loves what they do and a rider that makes it look effortless it takes your breath away.

How did you take the path to become an instructor?

I don’t remember a time that I didn’t want to be surrounded by horses but it took many years to convince my parents that this was the path I wanted. It’s all I ever wanted but to be able to share my knowledge in a way that allowed other people, no matter their age, an opportunity to have somewhere they too can go to make their dreams possible… that has been my one and only wish.

What’s characteristics would your ideal horse have?

Every horse is different, but it’s their personality that wins me over in the end. Their eyes tell you the honest truth. Although those who know me well know I like butts!

What is my favourite breed?

If it has four legs, a head a tail and whinnies - I will love it! I have breeds I admire but then to say which one I prefer is just too hard as they are all amazing and I dare say I could ramble on about any breed, but that would take too long.

Most embarrassing moment?

Standing on a jumping pole when teaching a jumping class, when the pole got more excited then my ability to balance could cope with and without missing a beat of talking a rider through the grid I landed on my butt. Students never let me forget that one!

The one achievement that really stands out?

There are several, but the ultimate is to live my dream and that wishes do come true, it just takes dedication, hard work and an unrelenting passion that is my life force – being the birth of Dove Haven.

Who has influenced your training along the way?

Pauline, a close family friend that would sneak me out to visit her friends’ stud. Mr Bruce who started me as a rider. Bert Hartog who taught me finesse. My parents who allowed me to dream and of course, all my horses that put up with the good and bad so I could learn better ways.

Can you give our readers any hints or words of wisdom?

Be grateful for all experiences whether they’re good or bad, it is all learning. Don’t be in such a rush to want to win. Don’t get me wrong, I like winning and I am very competitive but treasure the journey that gets you there and the relationship of trust that is more important then any prize. Take your time to breath and know it is not a rite that we ride, it’s because these amazing souls allow along for the journey.

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Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s On Calendar Eventing www.qld.equestrian.org.au QUEENSLAND EVENTS Warwick ODE Toowoomba ODE

17 - 18th September

Warwick Spring School

15 - 16th October

FCHT ODE Contact: Deb Postle 0428 871 791 E: russanddeb@acenet.net.au

22 - 23 October

Fig Tree Pocket CNC 2*

29 - 30th October

State Championships KEG (rescheduled from Sept)

5 & 6th November

INTERSTATE EVENTS

SYDNEY INTERNATIONAL 3DE CSU Wagga Scone ODE MIRRABOOKA CIC Coffs Harbour Goulburn ODE Wallaby Hills ODE CANBERRA CIC Hidden Valley Berrima ODE

Travis Templer

8 - 9th October

10 - 11th September 17 - 18th September 24 - 25th September 1 - 2 October 8 - 9th October 15 - 16th October 22 - 23 October 29 - 30th October 5 - 6th November 26 - 27th November

Eventing Coach Available for Clinics or Private Lessons 0433 884 155 12


2 minute HOW TOs - Cross Country Fences Jumping steps:

Jumping into water:

Tips for tackling steps:

Tips for jumping into water:

Keep a bouncy rhythm throughout the obstacle.

With novice horses, approach in a strong trot.

The canter needs power but not speed.

Give plenty of encouragement with a ‘meaning business’ approach.

Don’t let your legs swing back.

If he might spook, keep leg your leg on or, if necessary, give a ‘pony club’ kick!

The key to jumping steps is the quality of the canter. You need to collect your horse’s stride so he’s like a little bouncing ball. You want him to bounce up the stairs so the canter has to be strong. Don’t approach facts but have lots of energy – really sit him back on his hocks.”

Approach straight so you are on line and your horse can prepare.

Water is often shadowy or rippling, which is scary. The horse may not be sure about what’s going on or what’s expected of him. He needs to have complete confidence in his rider to know she won’t ask him to do something dangerous. Remember – he doesn’t know how deep the water is.”

Be ready to slip your reins and be equally ready to quickly gather them up.

What should every Eventer learn?...How

to FALL safely! As many avid Eventers would know, there is an art to falling off your horse in a way that will minimise your chances of getting hurt. Learning that art is just as important as learning how to sit the trot properly or how get a clean flying change.

your fall could quite possibly end in a broken bone or two.

When you become unseated, the most important thing you can do is not stick out your legs or arms. Trying to break

Also, you definaely don’t want your horse to fall on you or to step on you when it’s getting up or running away. Remember the tumbling classes you had when you were little? Just about every kid has to go through these; because (especially as kids) we all fall down, so gym teachers try to teach us how to absorb the shock of falling. In tumbling, you learned to tuck and roll. If you think of falling off as an act of tumbling at speed, you can see the logic of following the same guidelines. Of course, we adults typically want to analyze, calculate and make a fast decision as we fall, but that can be a real mistake. Kids don’t get hurt as often as adults because they just tuck and roll instinctively, without a lot of thought. If you fall, don’t hold onto the reins. Holding on is a good way to dislocate your shoulder, or to give your horse such a yank in the mouth that he’ll get even more upset than he was when you and he first went your separate ways. In most cases, you have a window of opportunity in which to get up quickly and get a hand on your horse. That’s when you can grab him. If you miss that chance, he’s probably going to take off, leaving you to face a very long walk home. So do not to dwell on the moment and lie there assessing or analyzing, but try to get up quickly (though not in a way that startles the horse) and take hold of the reins to ensure the safety of your horse. It could get hurt or hurt someone else. So the thoughts to have in your head as you’re falling are, ‘Roll from under’ and ‘catch my horse’. The odds are that the environment you fall off in is not safe for him without you. If it’s in a ring, fine; but a cross-country course or on a trail ride or hack is a whole different story. Obviously, the exception to the get up fast rule is if your badley hurt or stunned. If you’re at an event, the first-aid crew will be there soon enough; you don’t want to make your injury worse, so lie still and wait for them.

13


Australian

ingenuity

An Australian invention which attaches to the side of a horse float for convenient accommodation facilities has received strong international interest. The Horse Float Camper, invented by David Jobe of Bendigo, in central Victoria is contained in a metal casing which fits directly onto the horse float. It is ideal for a range of horse people who currently book accommodation, sleep in the float or pitch a tent at night. The Horse Float Camper is erected in a matter of minutes and accommodates a double bed above the ground and an annex which could sleep a further two people if required. Mr Jobe said he set about building the camper some years ago with both daughters heavily involved in equestrian events.

From: $3980

the

World

Since launching the Horse Float Camper onto the Australian market three years ago Mr Jobe has received interest from Europe and the United States to produce and sell the product.

info@iride.tv “We have been quite excited by the high level of interest www.iride.tv shown in the product from Australia and overseas,” he said. “It seems it is quite unique and fills an important gap in the accommodation needs of people who own horse floats.” Talks with wholesalers and distributors in Europe and North America have been fruitful and Horse Float Campers should be available in these regions sometime in the near future. Whatinfo@equinelodgehorsefloats.com.au started as a need to provide comfortable accommodation for www.equinelodgehorsefloats.com.au horse enthusiast daughters has turned into a product that will be sold throughout the world.

“They always struggled with finding suitable accommodation when they were away competing, so I thought this would be a great way to fix that problem,” he said. ‘The Horse Float Camper is water proof and made of good quality material and is a comfortable alternative to sleeping on the ground or in the float.”

conquering

Mr Jobe said he never envisaged the level of interest that has been generated since he started the project and is very excited about the future. Denise on 0402723488 or David on 0409701672

“It also allows people to be with their horses at night during the events.” The body of the camper is just 235mm wide and fits unobtrusively against the horse float when not in use. Two lockable clips hold the halves of the case together and, once unclipped; the camper can be put up very quickly to reveal a well-constructed tent. The increasing fuel prices have also heightened the interest in the Horse Float Camper with many people considering it as an alternative to taking two cars to an event. “I have had people say they would often take one car with a horse float and one car with a camper float to various events,” Mr Jobe said. “This now enables them to use just one vehicle and still have a comfortable nights sleep.”

“We spent a long time testing prototypes of the camper with different materials and accessories to ensure we had it right,” Mr Jobe said. “Now we are developing a range of accessories to suit, including additional annexes for shade, storage areas and colour combinations.” The invention has also allowed one of the equestrian daughters, Ashlee Jobe, to become a part of the business. For further information about the Horse Float Camper log on to HYPERLINK "http://www.horsefloatcamper.com.au" www.horsefloatcamper.com.au or contact Denise Milgate 0402 723 488


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15


What’s On Calendar Horsemanship

ANIMAL INSTINCTS – HAYLEY CHAMBERS-HOLT 9th October Horsemanship & Trick Training Clinic – Tamborine Pony Club Grounds Contact:- Hayley 0403 584 254 animalinstinctsaust@mac.com

JOHN CHATTERTON CLINICS

30th October

Melbourne Clinics & Lessons Contact:- Kerrie Coffey e: Coffey_Kerrie_j@cat.com

19 - 30th October

Gladstone Clinic Contact:- Kathy Martin P: 49784 263

5-7th November

18-20th November

8 - 9th October

Sth Australia Clinics Contact: Candice Oster e candice@kranium.com

KEN ANDERSON RIDER SAFETY & HORSEMANSHIP CLINIC Southport Indoor Arena Contact:- 0419 724 980 e: kelukipark@live.com.au

QUANTUM SAVVY COME & PLAY CLINICS

Cedar Grove District Riding Club 4th September Contact: Tracey Edie 0411 106 651 20th November 4th December Logan Village Riding Club 7th September Contact: Sharon Ford 0411 551 703 12th September 12th October 26th October 9th November 23rd November Munruben Contact: Tracey Edie 0411 106 651 Sth Brisbane Christmas Party

MONTY ROBERTS INTRODUCTORY COURSE QLD with Lynn Mitchell 0433 239 617 Location: Antrim Stud 17341 New England Highway, Allora www.schoolofequus.com.au

10th September 5th November 10th December

10 - 18th September

BONOGIN VALLEY HORSE RETREAT

Contact: Deb & Mark 07 5667 7468 Half Day Tranquil Cafe Trail Rides 2nd September Email: info@horseretreats.com 30th September Website: www.horseretreats.com Kids/Youth Riding Clubs 3 & 4 September 25th September Adults Riding Clubs 11th September 18th September Gymkhana Day 18th September

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www.johnchatterton.com.au

john@johnchatterton.com.au

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Film & Tric k Training Ava ila ble TRICKS AND BEHAVIOURS

AVAILABLE TRAINING PACKAGES

BRONZE Level: ‘smile’ (lip up) / ‘yes’ (head nod) / ‘no’ (head shake) / head down / ‘count’ (paw ground) / nudge.

(HORSES ONLY - includes full agistment)

SILVER Level: Bow / ‘go with’ (follow me) / send (horse travel alone from one person to another) / stand on pedestal.

BRONZE: Your choice of 3 x Bronze Level Behaviours - $500 SILVER: Your choice of 5 x Bronze &/or Silver Level Behaviours - $1,000

GOLD Level: Lie Down / kneel / sit up / look back / look away /chase ball.

GOLD: Your choice of 7 x Bronze, Silver &/or Gold Level Behaviours - $2,000

PLATINUM Level: Retrieve (hold & carry) / rear / liberty.

PLATINUM: Fully Trained Liberty Horse (Horse performs multiple behaviours off lead - 3 months training) - $POA

NOTE – Some behaviour’s are subject to individual animal suitability. Conditions apply. Enquire for more information.

ANIMALS

All prices are subject to GST

PRIVATE LESSONS ALSO AVAILABLE BY REQUEST.

Horses / Dogs / Pigs / Cows / Goats / Sheep / Donkeys / Camels

PRICES $50 per training session (max 2 sessions per day/5 day week) $60 per wk agistment (Rugging & Feeding – hay only) or $90 per wk agistment (Rugging & Feeding – hard feed & hay) Additional Costs All veterinary, worming and farrier expenses will be charged to owner (plus $20/hr handling fee). Requested extra feed additives will be charged to owner.

Web www.animalsallaround.com | Email zelie.bullen@bigpond.com | Ph 0419 678 048 Area Illinbah Valley, Canungra 4275, QLD.

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Talk

to

the

Animals

“It requires very little knowledge to care passionately about animals.  It requires a great deal of understanding to care properly for them.” John Webster, Emeritus Professor, Bristol University, UK

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. R

... Cont’d from last month

arely do we get the luxury of using the same training method and the same rate of training for any 2 animals. We use many different training methods depending on the breed of animal, the individual animals personality, the situation involved and the desired behaviour. Wherever possible we work with the animal’s natural instincts and combined them with both classical and operant conditioning.

C

lassical conditioning is when an animal forms an association between 2 stimuli. For example a horse hearing his hard feed being made up at feed time associates the feed then being poured into his feed bin. He might paw the ground or call out. The sound of the feed being prepared is the first stimuli and the feed being given to him is the second but because he knows that the first leads to the second he responds anxiously to the first stimuli.

O

perant conditioning is when an animal forms an association between a behavior and a consequence. For example, we can teach a dog to sit by treating him when he does as he is asked; he learns that his behavior gets a desired consequence. A n o t h e r e x a m p l e of operant conditioning is teaching a horse to lead. He learns to move forward when he feels pressure from the halter behind his ears. Once he has mastered this form of operant conditioning he knows to follow you when you walk off holding his lead and therefore avoids any pressure behind his ears at all. Trainers often use a combination of classical and operant training. Recently while training andalusion and warm blood horses for Steven Steilburgs latest film

“WAR HORSE” (due for release December 2011). We trained horses to act like they were struggling in razor wire using specially made rubber wire. The struggling behavior took many months to train and although we encouraged enthusiasm for picture realty we could never let the horse get scared, harmed or injured in any way. It was a trained behavior that the animals felt safe and comfortable performing.

T

iming is an integral aspect of training. Excellent animals to learn this from are pigs. Pigs are extremely food motivated and leave little room for error. They are so focused on their food reward that they can offer many behaviors within seconds trying to obtain their reward, their consequence. So rewarding a pig at the incorrect microsecond can tell the pig that a undesired behavior led to his reward. We were amongst 8 world class pig trainers when we filmed “CHARLOTTE”S WEB”. Together we trained 64 pigs to play the lead role of ‘Wilbur’. Not even half of the pigs made it in front of camera. Training a pig to lick Antonio Bandaras’s face for “THE LEGEND OF ZORRO” was one of the most challenging jobs we have ever had. We had to ensure that she totally understood that the behavior was to lick ONLY, there was no way we could afford for her to mis-understand and begin to mouth or bite his face. That is a very expensive face ;-) Due to increasing demand we have decided to open our front gates to train privately owned animals. Although we love to travel and value our experiences, this new opportunity will give us the chance to stay at home more and enjoy our own animals too ;-) We look forward to meeting you and your special friends.

Zelie Craig & Colt www.animalsallround.com

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Out & about in the

www.downunderphotography.co

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Gold Coast & Logan

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Feeding t h e Polocross e Horse The popularity of competitive Polocrosse has resulted in traditional paddock training and feeding being replaced by stabling and hard feed diets during the polocrosse season. An adequate and balanced diet is essential to sustain exercise capacity for training and regular weekend carnival competition. The diet must keep a horse in optimum condition and fitness for up to 8 months of training and on-going competition. The stress of regular competition and travelling over distances to compete must be taken into account when formulating the diet. A well formulated home mixed ration provides the flexibility to meet each individual horse’s likes, dislikes and changing needs relative to training.

*Nutritional Requirements* In training, most horses are worked for up to 30-50 minutes of medium to high intensity exercise on a daily basis. During a weekend carnival, a polocrosse horse requires about the same energy intake as a racehorse, even although most are smaller in size and not galloping at a high average speed. Once a horse is confined to a stable, with access to a small yard or grazed out day paddock, then the hard feed and hay has to meet the total nutritional needs for training and competition. A stabled horse will normally require two feeds daily, with pasture grazing during the day, and hay overnight. The ‘hard’ feed intake is dependant on the horse’s bodyweight, contribution from grazing, the horses appetite, temperament and the duration and intensity of the work effort.

*Energy* The relative energy demand changes in proportion to the speed and duration of exercise. Energy levels must be increased for weekend carnivals to ensure performance without a horse being playful, over energetic or likely to suffer tying-up. Polocrosse horses that are trained out of the paddock require only half the amount of grain level to maintain good condition for performance. This is because the ‘fret’ factor in horses confined to the stable, generally increases the energy requirements, and they need more energy in their ration to maintain themselves.

energy is required to maintain strength and continual repair of bone, ligament and tendons during extended training and competitive periods. For horses in daily training and regular weekend carnival competition, grains such as oats, rolled barley, lupins, sunflower seeds are suitable sources of energy, with small amounts of cracked corn or vegetable oil (canola, blended cooking oil) as an energy boost for weekend competition. Although oats are well accepted by most horses, in most cases where more than 2½-3kg of oats (about 5-6 litres in volume) needs to be fed each day to supply energy for exercise, it is best to add rolled barley (1kg or 1½ litres) or alternatively (crushed lupins (800g or l litre) as well as 3-4 cups of sunflower seed. These provide ‘cool’, low ‘fizz’ energy sources. In horses that are small framed, or have a ‘nervy’ temperament, then all the oats can be replaced by rolled barley at the rate of 1.5 litres rolled barley for each 2 litres of oats in the ration. There is also a large variety of commercially prepared ‘cool’ feeds, such as Coprice pellets, which are useful in horses that ‘heat-up’ on grain or have a tendency to ‘tieup’ on oat based feeds. Increasing the amount of cooking oil in the ration also provides cool energy] reducing bulk for small framed, picky eaters, as well as eliminating dust in a dry, lucerne chaff based feed.

*Protein* In most cases a ration made-up of 2-3 kg of grain and more than 3kg of lucerne chaff and hay, will provide sufficient protein for training exercise. If a horse is worked hard or competed regularly on weekends, then an additional source of protein, such as 2 cups of soyabean meal or alternatively 3 cups of canola meal, or 4 cups of crushed lupins or copra meal, or 6 cups of sunflower seeds, will provide extra to meet the daily protein needs of hard or intensive exercise. Hint:A daily supplement of Feramo-H with Chromium, provides 5mg chromium, a trace mineral that aids the utilisation of protein and helps increase muscle size and strength during early training. cont’d over

Horses that graze tend to be quieter, often more contented and relaxed, and some of their daily requirement is provided by grazing itself. In all types of hard working horses, extra

25


w

Feeding the Polocrosse Horse cont’d ...

*Fat*

Vegetable oils, such as canola or blended cooking oils, provide a ‘low fizz’ energy boost to hard working horses, and substituting some of the grain with oil is particularly useful to reduce the bulk of grain in small framed horses or ‘picky eaters’. When substituting grain with oil, ensure a step-wise replacement over 10-14 days to allow acceptance and efficient utilization of the increased fat in the ration.

*Fibre* Although pasture will provide fibre, horses that are stabled and fed hard feed with grain, must receive adequate chaff in a 50:50 chaff-hay volume mix, and have access to long stem hay, such as lucerne, meadow or clover hay. Horses trained from the paddock often maintain a ‘hay belly’ if grazing is not limited by confining them to a yard or stable and providing an evening and morning meal of hard feed and hay.

*Minerals & Vitamins* An adequate intake of essential minerals and vitamins must be provided to correct low or inadequate levels in the feed to meet the increased needs of hard, regular exercise, travelling and competition. A well balanced, quality vitamin/mineral supplement such as a daily dose of Feramo-H, will provide the ‘foundation’ source of essential nutrients for exercise, as well as supplement iron, copper and vitamins for the blood, Vitamin A to help maintain tendon strength, combined with copper, zinc and and iron for coat condition as well as B complex for appetite and energy use. A daily supplement of Feramo-H is recommended even when complete feeds, sweet feeds or pelleted rations are being fed. Vitamin E, as in White-E, should be added as a separate supplement to ensure best benefit

(or 60g) of Calplus will provide calcium to meet losses and maintain bone strength in working horses. Calplus with Biotin (60g daily to provide 15mg of Biotin) is recommended for horses with shelly, easily broken away hooves to harden and strengthen the hoof walls.

*Electrolytes* Horses in heavy work, or those travelled and regularly competed, benefit from electrolytes added to their feeds to maintain water intake, replace salts lost in sweat, and prevent dried out coat and ‘tucking up’ caused by dehydration. Although 1-2 tablespoons of salt will help improve the palatability of the ration, it is not a complete electrolyte replacer. An additional scoop of Humidimix each morning and evening in the feed will provide a range of essential salts, including potassium, to replace sweat loss and combat dehydration. Where horses are travelled over long distances, or would benefit from a top-up of salts and fluids between games to replace sweat loss, a drink of Recharge in water, (or alternatively 60-80mL of Recharge squirted over the tongue after hard training exercise or competition, or prior to travelling, or every 2-3 hours during long trips to weekend carnivals) and cool water provided to drink, will rapidly replace electrolytes and fluids and help restore vitality and hasten recovery.

*Nervy Horses* Occasionally horses develop nervy behaviour, or ‘tieup’ on hard feeds, or ‘compete before their time’. A daily supplement of Karma with high Vitamin B1 and magnesium, often combined with Recharge over the tongue in heavy sweaters, will help settle the temperament and calm ‘wasteful’ nervy behaviour to keep the horse’s mind on the chukka and overall game.

*Poor Eaters* Where a horse on a high grain diet in hard work loses its appetite and develops a picky, slow eating pattern, and in bad cases, loses weight and vitality, a course of a product, such as Clean-Up, containing plant extracts and coated B complex vitamins, will help to get the horse back on its feed and regain body condition over a 14-21 day period.

For horses in early training, or where the rump and major limb muscles could be more developed, a daily supplement of Feramo-H with Chromium, which provides 5mg chromium daily, an essential trace-mineral that helps energy and protein use, is recommended.

*Calcium* Where horses are worked hard and sweat heavily during warmer weather, calcium should also be added to the ration, particularly where cereal chaff with minimal lucerne is provided as roughage. In most cases, 2 scoops

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Article courtesy of Dr John Kohnke from ‘Feeding and Nutrition of Horses’ published by Virbac-Vetsearch.


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Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s On Calendar Pony/Riding/Driving Clubs

September 2011 PRARG Assoc.Dressage

4th Sept

Kooralbyn PC Open Sporting

10th Sept

Contact: Lindal Binch 3297 5759 Email: prarginc@iprimus.com.au Web: www.prarg.com

Contact: Cherly Harris 55 446 474 Email: khpcinc@hotmail.com

Jimboomba Open Sporting Day 1st Oct Jimboomba Pony Club Grounds Contact Sandy Baker Website: www. jimboombaponyclub.com.au ZONE 2 RALLY DAY

2nd Oct

Beaudesert Gymkhana Beaudesert Pony Club Grounds E: beaudesertpc@hotmail.com

9th Oct

GCHCC Dressage/Driving Skills/ Novelties

11th Sept

Oxenford PC Senior Riders Sporting

11th Sept

Gold Coast & Carriag Club / Mudgeeraba & Hinterland Horse Trail Club 9th Oct Novelty Day E: vrburren@bigpond.com

Tallebudgera S/jumping Equitation

17th Sept

ZONE TEAMS SHOWJUMPING CHALLENGE 14-16th Oct Caboolture

Contact: Robin Burren 55 338 239

Contact: Russell Lynch M w 673 578 Web: www.oxenfordponyclub.net Contact: 0430 794 749 Email: tallebudgera@pcaq.asn.au

Kooralby Gymkhana E: kphcinc@hotmail.com

Tallebudgera PC Showjumping

18th Sept

Nerang PC Unoffi Dressage & CT

24th Sept

Contact: 0430 794 749 Email: tallebudgera@pcaq.asn.au

Contact: Dianne McIntyre 0416 221 332 E: sercretary@nerangponyclub.com

Cedar Creek Open Sporting

25th Sept

Tamborine PC Showjumping

25th Sept

Contact: Jean Evans 0413 399 309 Email: jeanevans58@y7.mail.com

Contact: Christina Smith 55 436 171 Email: tamborineponyclub@hotmail.com

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October / Nov 2011

16th Oct

Mudgeeraba & Hinterland Horse Trail Club 16th Oct Misty Mountain Ride Contact: Jill 0437 237 969 ZONE TEAMS CHALLENGE Southport Pony Club Web: www.southportponyclub.com.au

22- 23rd Oct

Waterford PC Open Hunter Trial

30th Oct

Cedar Creek Open Sporting Day Contact: Jean Evans 0413 399 309 Email: jeaneveans58@y7mail.com

30th Oct

NED TWOHILL CHALLENGE Southport

5th Nov

ZONE 2 Rally Day

6th Nov

Tallebudgeera Open Showjumping Day Contact: 0430 794 749 Email: tallebudgera@pcaq.asn.au

10th Nov

Cedar Creek Open Sporting Day Contact: Jean Evans 0413 399 309 Email: jeanevans58@y7.mail.com

27th Nov


Rider of the Month Jahlee Morris

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Contacts Pony/Riding/Driving Clubs Cedar Creek Pony Club PRESIDENT: Jean Evans M: 0413 399 304 E: jeanevans58@y7mail.com

Nerang Pony Club SECRETARY: Dianne McIntyre M: 0416 221 332 E: secretary@nerangponyclub.com

Chambers Flat Pony Club SECRETARY: Lisa Broadbent P: 07 5547 8003 E: chambersflat@pcaq.asn.au

Oxenford Pony Club PRESIDENT: Russell Lynch M: 0414 673 578 W: www.oxenfordponyclub.net

Currumbin & District Horse Club SECRETARY: Kirsten Stanford E: secretary@cdhc.com.au W: www.cdhc.com.au

Park Ridge Adult Riding Group SECRETARY: Jeannine Gregor P: 55 478 910 W: www.prarg.com

Gold Coast & Hinterland Equest Group Inc SECRETARY: Brigitte Bennett M: 0407 971 188 E: dbperformancehorses@hotmail.com

Park Ridge Pony Club SECRETARY: Judy Clifford P 07 3802 1641 E: jetcliff66@optusnet.com.au

Gold Coast Horse & Carriage Club Inc. SECRETARY: Robin Burren P: 07 5533 8239 E: vrburren@bigpond.com

Runcorn Pony Club SECRETARY: Tracy Mills W: www.runcornponyclub.org.au

Greenbank Pony Club SECRETARY: Jodi Warnick P: 07 3200 0728 E: greenbank@pcaq.asn.au

Southport Pony Club SECRETARY: Jennifer Schofield M: 0457 759 209 W: www.southportponyclub.com.au

Jimboomba Pony Club Vice President: Sandy Baker W: www.jimboombaponyclub.com.au

Tallebudgera Pony Club SECRETARY: Aimee Sheedy E: secretary@tallebudgeraponyclub.com W: www.tallebudgeraponyclub.com

Jimboomba & Districts Pleasure Drivers SECRETARY: Julie Hardie P: 07 5465 1553 E: jha880370@bigpond.net.au Logan Village Riding Club PRESIDENT: Sarah Craddock M: 0427 812 918 W: www.loganvillageridingclub.com Mudgeeraba Pony Club SECRETARY: Liz Lloyd M: 0451 167 131 E: mponyclub@hotmail.com

Tweed Heads Pony Club SECRETARY: Tammy Blunsdon M: 0412 655 898 Tweed Valley Equestrian Club SECRETARY: Keighley Leeson M: 0428 536 868 E: keighleymax@hotmail.com Waterford Equestrian & Pony Club SECRETARY: Kirsten Stanford W: www.waterfordponyclub.org.au

NADEC TREASURER: Gayle Blums M: 0409 287 780 W: www.nadec.net.au

BATES ESPRENCE SADDLE 15â&#x20AC;? Brown - Excellent Condition - Changeable Gullet Fully mounted with turnout leathers & girth Price $1,200 ONO Ph: 55 436 076 30


Harness Types and How They Work The horse harness basically consists of three parts: The part to pull with: collar with hames or breast collar and traces The part to hold the vehicle on its shafts: pad with tugs and girths The “breaking system”: breaching

Every harness-part has been developed and adjusted to the most “perfect” system that enables us to put a horse to a cart and drive safely enough. The main types used are collar and breast collar. Modern horse driving sport helps to develop anatomically even better fitting and more effective gear. One result of this is the brollar, a very good invention. This is a successful combination of collar and breast-collar that fits a horse exceptionally well.

How does physics of collar and breast collar actually work? The following illustrations will help to explain it. Let’s use a collar first and see, what happens:

G is the centre of gravity of the horse and D1 and D2 are the ideal points of draft of a collar. Their position is depending on the different centres of resistance, W1 and W2. Looking at this graphic it is easy to understand that a horse can pull best from a point of draft just in front of its shoulder joints. This point is found to be in line with its gravity centre and the drawn vehicle’s or object’s centre of resistance. In case of an object on the ground, e.g. a timberlog, the ideal pulling point is located at D1 in front of the shoulder joint. It is in line with the gravity G and the timber log’s centre of resistance, W1. If the horse pulls a vehicle with a higher-up located centre of resistance W2, the ideal point of draft D2 moves a bit down, towards the point of the shoulder. Now have a look on a horse with a breast collar:

C is the point of draft of a breast collar. If that horse pulls a vehicle with a relatively high centre of resistance W2, the point of draft C for a breast collar is nearly in the same area as it would be with a collar. It is quite near the ideal point of draft. But if it would have to pull the timber log with the centre of resistance W1 from the ground, the point of draft C theoretically would slip up towards the windpipe and the horse would choke. (see green line). Therefor a breast collar is not good to use for pulling heavy objects low down or lying on the ground.

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WIN A HAY BAG!

CONGRATULATIONS TO last months winner: Hannah Aitken With the answer: Appaloosa

Hannah will receive a set of braided reins. kindly donated by Wynmah Pony Stud 32


Horses are scientifically called Equines. This derives from their Latin name, Equus caballus. Close to them are donkeys, zebras, mules, the hinny and the Onager that is also known as the Asian Wild Ass. Equines have been domesticated and bred by man for approximately 6000 years. They can be kept together with other animals as companions, e.g. sheep, goats, donkeys or cattle. They can be very attached to smaller animals, like cats. Dogs need to be well behaved and trained to avoid accidents, because horses are easily scared by dogs.

Have you ever wondered how old a pony/horse can get?

Usually horses can reach 30 years, ponies often live even longer. Their age can be estimated by looking at the incisors of the upper and lower jaws. From the age of 12 on it becomes very hard to say how old they really are, because the teeth are becoming worn that much.

Did you know what horses are called at the different stages of life?

Any young baby-horse is called foal until it is 6 months old, then up to the age of 2 years we talk about yearlings. If it is a male horse it is called colt as long as it is under 4 years old. If it gets older than 4 we call him stallion. Most colts will be gelded (castrated), because they are not intended to be used for breeding and they will be easier to handle, ride and keep. A young female pony or horse is a filly and after the age of 4 years we call her a mare.

Did you know that horses are very social animals?

We call a group of ponies or horses herd. In a herd is a clear defined hierarchy or ranking amongst the animals: the strongest, leading female is called alpha mare. One stallion can live together with about 20 -25 mares in a natural herd. It is very important therefore to keep a horse always together with another companion, because kept on their own they soon become lonesome and suffer.

Do you speak “Horse-ish”?

You probably experienced already how equines communicate with each other. Whinnying and neighing can be heard, if you ride away from other horses or if they meet. Mares express very different sounds when they are nursing a foal. Deep, smooth sounds, whickering can be heard then. You might also have heard it at feeding time from other horses. To warn others in the herd, they use an alarming snorting. If two new ponies meet they are snuffling at each other and are very excited. Usually you can hear a sharp and loud squealing sound. They often face each other, squeal and lift a front leg or back up and swirl round, ready to kick. When a mare is in season, a stallion can express a loud roaring which is his mating call.

Do you know how and where a horse’s height is measured?

They are measured on the tallest point of the spine, the wither. You can find this very bony part of the spine directly at the end of the neck, where you usually put the front of saddle to. The height is measured in cm or in hands (hh). A pony reaches up to14.2 hh, a horse measures over 14.2 hh.

Hooves and Legs

Horses are able to stand while sleeping without falling down! This is possible, because they have got a tendon system around the bones and joints of the legs, which does not get tired for a long time. In comparison, we get easily tired limbs and feet and need to sit or lie down.

Equine Senses

Equines sense their environment differently to us humans. Their senses are very good, because this helps to survive as prey animals in the wild. They can smell better than we, they can hear a lot sharper and are able to turn their ears into various directions and the eyes are located on the side of the head. If they sense danger they instinctively run!

About “Gears” and Speed

This list of horse facts for kids would not be complete without mentioning how the different speeds or gaits are called: the slowest is called Walk. A bit faster than that is the Trot. It can be a bit hard to sit the Trot comfortably. The Canter is faster than trot and the fastest pace is the Gallop. There are also some breeds, like the Icelandic pony or sometimes the Trotter which are able to perform Toelt or Pace. These gaits are extremely comfortable to sit!

33


A

OLD doesn’t mean POOR

s the founder of Save a Horse Australia Horse Rescue and Sanctuary I often see people struggling with their aged horse’s weight and a large number of the horses surrendered to us are over 15 years old, mostly in poor condition. It is a myth that all aged horses will lose top line and once it has been lost it can’t be regained. With the correct care and feeding regime aged horses can maintain their body weight and if they are in poor condition, can gain weight again and live a happy healthy retirement.

A

Y

ou will find that your old horse may have trouble grazing due to broken or missing teeth so it’s important to make sure you feed enough roughage to compensate (along with pellets, full fat soy and supplements). Chaff is best because it’s easier to chew and swallow and to make it easier and more enjoyable wet it down feeding over 2 – 3 meals per day. It’s also beneficial to give your horse a good clean out with physillium husks once every 1 – 2 months. One cup for 4 days is all that is needed and this will clean any sand out of his digestive system, but remember not to feed it every day because the horses system will develop an acid that will digest the husks if it is feed everyday and it will lose its benefit of cleaning the system.

s a horse ages it becomes more susceptible to arthritis, anaemia, deficiencies, respiratory conditions and skin conditions and once a horse gets to its mid teens it suffers from reduced salivation and its digestive system slows down t Save a Horse Australia Horse Rescue and Sanctuary we reducing the ability to absorb nutrients. When a horse is not have had many very poor aged horses come through our absorbing important nutrients, its immune system will not be doors and with the right healing and feeding program each strong enough to fight off infection and illness and the animal horse has gained weight, become healthy and many have been will be more susceptible to falling ill and long recovery periods. re-homed to loving retirement homes, most of these horses in their late 20’s and early 30’s. We use a number of different he first and foremost thing to remember when caring for herbs to help aid in the healing process including Chamomile, an aged horse is to have its teeth checked by a veterinarian Rose Hip, Slippery Elm, and marshmellow. All of these herbs or equine dentist ever 6 months. This will help identify any are soft on the horses’ stomach aiding in digestion and general issues with your horses’ teeth that may prevent him for grazing well being of the horse. and chewing his food properly. A full blood test isn’t expensive costing around $100 depending on your vet and is worth doing lease note that it is important to have a full blood test done every 12 months to identify any underlying issues with your old to rule out kidney or liver failure before trying to put weight horse and it will also establish if your horse is suffering from on an underweight aged horse because if your horse does have any deficiencies or organ failure. If there are any abnormalities kidney or liver failure you will need a completely different diet. found your vet will be able to help you with medication or Consult your vet for information. supplements. n old horses doesn’t mean a poor horse and with the ue to the change in a horse digestive system from its mid correct feed and medical care you will help your horse live a teens, it’s best not to feed raw whole grain. It is not well full, happy retirement with the love and attention he deserves. digested in the small intestine and can cause fermenting, gas, f you have any questions or would like some help or advice heat and Ammonia in the caecum. This can cause your horse on looking after your old horse please feel free to email me to lose appetite, develop diarrhoea, laminits, cause colic and even death. There are a number of excellent extruded pellet saveahorseaustralia@yahoo.com.au products on the market which are formulated for older horses to aid in easy digestion and provide adequate vitamin and mineral intake. We use a pellet by Laucke Mills called Cool + and Mitavite Gumnuts is also a very good product for older horses (15 years+). Older horses need a diet high in digestible fibre and high in oils which also has a high fat content. Cold pressed canola oil is the best for older horses with a balance of 10% omega 3 fatty acids, 20% omega 6 fatty acids and omega 9 fatty acids. Omega 3 – 6 are essential for tissue function, rheumatoid arthritis, vision, healthy heart function and other inflammatory diseases.

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P

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A

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lder horses also need a diet higher in protein, but it’s important not to over feed protein as this can lead to scouring. Its best to monitor your horse’s manure and if it is a little loose than reduce the amount of protein and oil until it is forming properly. Slippery Elm Bark is good for scouring (1 – 2 tablespoons per day). A full fat soy meal such as Soygize is an excellent source of protein and has been formulated as a supplement to help improve top line in older horses, it contains 39% protein so only a small amount is needed to be beneficial. Copra Meal is another high protein supplement but only contains 20% crude protein.

I

n aged horses, vitamin B and C are less able to be synthesized and it is important to make sure that your horse is getting adequate supplements. Vitamin C is naturally found in Rose Hip Herb and is a better form than a commercial supplement. Vitamin B group in the form of brewer’s yeast and would also help with digestion.

34

“Abbey” - 25 year old Arab mare was abandoned on an 800 acre paddock. She was very poor and covered in rain scald. With the correct diet and care she is now 100% happy and healthy. (BEFORE: two photos above AFTER: below


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Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s On Calendar Show Jumping www.qld.equestrian.org.au

September 2011 Greenbank PC Showjumping

11th September

NADEC Jumping

11th September

Contact: Lyal Walker 0417 644 881 Email: lyalwalker@dodo.com.au

Tallebudgera Showjumping Equitation

17th September

Contact: 0430 794 749 Email: tallebudgera@pcaq.asn.au

Tallebudgera PC Showjumping 18th September Contact: 0430 794 749 Email: tallebudgera@pcaq.asn.au

Tamborine PC Showjumping 25th September Contact: Christina Smith 55463 171 Email: tamborineponyclub@hotmail.com

October 2011 Sunshine Coast Showjumping Day contact: admin@sunshinecoastshowjumping.com.au Website: www.sunshinecoastshowjumping.com.au

16th October

Waterford Pony Club Open Hunter Trial

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0400 931 148 or 0438 868 436 corri06@hotmail.com (Logan Village, SEQ) 38


Starting a Show Jumping Career Part V: Progressing with Jumping Your Horse... Continuing on from our last article we focused on improving the flat work and training for a jump course. Once confident and comfortable with this task it is time to move on... gymnastic jumping (also known as grid work) Gymnastic jumping improves the horse’s technique over the jump. Flat work plus grid work should go towards a very presentable round in the ring. One of the aims with a grid is to allow the horse to figure out what to do. To help the horse achieve this, remember to remain quiet with your body and allow a release of the hand as you ride a grid .  The exercise described in the July article, with a take off and landing pole each side of the jump is a basic grid exercise. From here we would progress on to some of the following exercises. The grid below helps horses learn to jump a double. Having the ground rails leading the horse into the first fence encourages the horse to land in a decent place giving it a good chance to get the right number of strides between the fence and so find a good take off point for the second obstacle. Again, this builds the horses confidence. This grid can be approached in trot or canter as long as the ground poles are placed accordingly. Most horses can jump fairly high from a good trot and once over the first fence the horse will continue in canter.  Start with the first fence as a cross rail and the second as a pole on the ground.  Then change both fences to a cross rail. This encourages the horse to remain straight through the exercise. Progress to making the second obstacle  a  vertical and test whether the horse maintains its central line. After this, the second fence can be made into an ascending oxer and lastly, as the horse improves, a square oxer. The diagram below  demonstrates this exercise.  There should be approximately five to five and a half meters between the fences, however this distance will vary from horse to horse. 

Anthony Murray & Ellie Pajovic

As this exercise becomes easier, the next step would be to add a third fence one nonjumping stride after the second fence. As above, proceed with the third obstacle being a pole on the ground and working up to an oxer.

Remember to measure  the distance between the fences from the back rail of one fence to the front rail of the next. ie if you change the second fence back to a vertical be sure to make the adequate change in distance to the third fence. The shape and distance over the fence will change with a different  type of fence,  as  can be seen by the arcs demonstrated in the diagram below. Further jumps can be added in succession as required. At a lower height the distance between the jumps should remain fairly even. As the jump height increases the horse may need a little more space as it moves down the line. Remember that the horse should respond to approaching a vertical by sitting back on its hocks a little more and will be required to make more of a extension over the oxers.  A straight, central line must be maintained accompanied with rhythm, balance and sufficient impulsion. 

To read previous articles referred to within this issue, please visit www.localhorsemagazine.com.au for the online version. 39


40


Dan James - the Aussie Contendor!

Born 1982 in rural Qld Australia – Dan sat on his first horse when he was only 6wks old – beginning a lifelong passion for horses. Dans first few riding years were to be spent riding the family milking goat – and it wasn’t until he turned 10yrs old his parents bought him his first pony. From pony club to eventing and show jumping - Dan competed successfully at state and national levels. At the age of 14 Dan broke in his first horse – commencing his journey to understanding and developing his unique horsemanship techniques. Dan completed his studies at Longreach Pastoral College then travelled to Hokkaido Japan where he spent 3 months breaking in horses for Central Farm Horse Stud. He then travelled to the USA and his skills were further refined while spending time with renowned cutting horse trainer Punk Carter in Celina, Texas USA. Returning to Australia – in 2003 Dan then travelled to a million acre cattle property -Liveringa Station in the north of Western Australia where he managed the Horse Plant – coordinating everything from breeding, shoeing, teeth and breaking in for up to 200 head of horses. It was here he called home for the following 6 years. It is also here at Liveringa he formed the unique mateship with “Outback Afafura” (aka Ari) his QH stallion who he regularly performs with and “Amelia” his Australian Stock Horsemare. The shows, live entertainment and clinics that Dan now conducts all stem from a bit of fun entertaining guests at the station. In 2008 Dan made his way south to take his horsemanship and showmanship skills and find audience. He spent some time At El Caballo Spanish Horse stables working with trainers Jose and Manolo Mendeze. Dan was involved in the weekly shows as well as breaking and training the

horses here. It is here that Dan also teamed up with good friend Dan Steers and “Double Dan Horsemanship” was born. 2008 – The highlight of his career so far – Dan won “The Way of The Horse” competition at Equitana Asia Pacific – where his horsemanship and breaking skills were recognized as world class. 2010 was another highlight when Double Dan Horsemanship performed a Roman Riding act with 2 Frisians and a Liberty act in the opening ceremony of the World Equestrian Games in Kentucky USA in front of a worldwide crowd – Double Dan Horsemanship (Aka Dan James & Dan Steers) were also clinicians at the games demonstrating their amazing relationship with their horses and what can be achieved with the right techniques, time and patience. Dan James is now currently based in Lexington, Kentucky with Taylor Made Thoroughbreds and is expanding Double Dan Horsemanship whilst Dan Steers maintains the Australian based training facility in NSW Australia 2011 saw Double Dan Horsemanship performing on nationwide Australian TV – when they successfully competed in the preliminary rounds of “Australia’s Got Talent” - see link http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=D3WGJ_wY6Zo – once again wowing their Australian audience with their amazing horsemanship performance. Looking forward, Dan’s’ aim is to continue to push the limits of horsemanship and entertainment, to provide both knowledge and understanding along with excitement with our great equine mates. “For the love of horses”

Dan James - Aussie Contender for the Road to the Horse next month Guy McLean (Bio) stay tuned!

41


Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s on Calendar Showing/Agricultural September 2011 Gold Coast Show 2nd & 4th Sept www.goldcoastshow.com.au

Beaudesert Show 9th 7 10th Sept Contact: Sue Ferguson 5541 4037 Email: secretary@beaudesertshow.com.au Web: www.beaudesertshwo.org.au

Qld Pinto State Championships 11th Sept Caboolture Showgrounds or phone (07) 5498 6815 Emai: qldpintos@gmail.com Web: www.queenslandpintos.com

Beenleigh Show 16th & 17th Sept Contact: Secretary 3807 1871 Web: www.beenleigh.countryshows.com.au

Qld Country Hack Championships

17th & 18th Sept

Maryborough

Tamborine Mt Show 24th & 25th Sept www.tamborinemtnshow.com.au

October / November 2011 Palouse State Show 9th October Indoor Wallon Email: carapalida@bigpond.com Web: http://bcpalouseponyassoc.webs.com

The Arabian Horse Breeders Alliance Showcase - Equitana

10th November

10am Sydney Showgrounds www.arabianhorsebreedersalliance.com www.equitana.com.au

Palouse Champagne Halter Classic Email: carapalida@bigpond.com Web: http://bcpalouseponyassoc.webs.com

42

20th November

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Sire: Encosta De Largo QT is a stunning looking an flash moving horse who would make it to Royal Show level in hacking. However he can also jump and would make a great all rounder. Training canter/ walk, walk/canter and laterals on the flat. He is dead quiet, has been to half a dozen comp/outings & has been well behaved. Will be a promising horse to whoever buys him. $9,900. Logan Village, QLD. Phone 0409 370 427


Makeup! How, What & Wear? M

akeup is used to enhance a horse’s natural features or disguise scars and scrapes, or uneven markings. Most breed associations allow the use of makeup as long as it is not obvious. There are however, a few classes that prohibit the use of makeup or artificial enhancement. It takes a while to become adept at applying makeup to horses.

B

e sure to practice (a lot) prior to starting your show season. You may have to mix colors to get the right shade for your horse. Opt for a lighter color rather than darker as the lighter color reflects as a highlight when you apply your last minute silicone shining spray. And just like with people, remember less is more. You are showcasing your horse, his beauty and athletic ability not your prowess with makeup.

E

xperiment with different products and colors until you have the ones that best match your horse’s color. Do this several times before you intend to show as some products may stain or dye your horse’s coat. You may have to mix colors to get your horse’s exact shade.

C

heck with the show organizers or a showw to make sure makeup for horses is allowed in the classes you will be showing in. There are some breed associations that ban makeup or artificial enhancement of horses.

C

lip, bathe and groom your horse as usual in anticipation of the show. Groom your horse thoroughly before applying horse makeup. Using a horse vacuum can reduce the time this takes.

C

over scabs the morning of the horse show with a thick (1/2- to 1 inch) layer of petroleum jelly. Leave it on for 30 minutes. Gently remove the petroleum jelly and test the scab. If it comes up easily you are ready for the next step. If the scab doesn’t come up, apply another coat of petroleum jelly and wait for another 30 minutes before removing it.

U

se disposable gloves when applying makeup as some products may stain.

M

ix the c o l o r s prior to getting your horse out. Set everything within easy reach or have an assistant ready to hand you supplies as you need them.

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pply makeup to a clean cloth, cotton ball or cotton square. Wipe it over the area on your horse you wish to enhance or disguise (scars and scabs). Apply a thin coat working the cloth against the horse’s coat to get the color to the skin and completely cover the hair follicle. It may take several applications before you have the correct coverage.

R

un a clean cloth lightly over the areas you applied makeup to to remove any excess. Use a blotting motion rather than a circular scrubbing motion.

R

emove makeup that has run or spread beyond the area you want it with a barely moist (wring out as much water as you can) small sponge or cotton ball.

E

nhance white socks with baby powder or chalk (the kind made for horses not the kind used on chalkboards). Dampen the existing white markings with water using a small sponge. Dust white socks with the powder using your fingers to work the powder to the skin. Apply a little at a time until you have the coverage you want.

U

se a soft finishing brush to flick off excess powder. Wipe the hooves clean of powder and apply hoof blacking or polish now.

43


Makeup! How, What & Wear? M

ake or cover up white markings using white, black or other color creams or gels. Spread a thin layer of the appropriate color onto the bristles of a toothbrush. Form or cover the spot by applying the cream or gel against the horse’s hair. This works the color into the skin and covers the underside of the hair follicle. It may take several applications to get the coverage you need.

U U

se the toothbrush to brush the coat in the right direction. Apply another layer of color to the now flatten coat.

se a hairdryer to dry the cream or gel when the marking has been made or covered to your satisfaction. Hold the hairdryer at least 12 inches from the marking. It should take 3 or 4 minutes for the cream or gel to dry fully.

U

se a silicone highlighter or baby oil to enhance the muzzle, around the eyes and inside the ears of your horse. Apply to a cotton ball or cotton square and gently wipe onto the horse. Use a clean cloth to blot up excess oil or highlighter.

R

emove makeup with warm water and a sponge.

Reference: Grooming to Win, Susan E. Harris

THINGS YOU WILL NEED • Horse vacuum (optional) • Petroleum jelly • Disposable gloves • Clean lint free cotton cloths • Cotton balls or cotton squares • Small (should fit easily in your hand) natural or synthetic sponges • Bucket • Warm water • Horse makeup that matches the color of your horse • Small plastic container if you need to mix colors • Baby powder and/or white chalk for horses • Hoof black • White, black or other color cream or gel • Toothbrush • Hairdryer • Silicone highlighter or baby oil 44


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Ve t e r i n a r y - H e a l t h & We l l b e i n g 46

D A E BIGH

(Equine Nutritional Secondary Hyperparathyroidism)

WHAT IS BIGHEAD?

Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism otherwise known as “bighead” is a calcium disorder that will manifest primarily as a bone disease in the horse. Put simply, the disease comes about when the horse’s bloodstream becomes deficient in calcium. To counteract this deficiency, the horse draws on the largest store of calcium available; their skeletal system. The skeletal system stores around 99% of the total body calcium in a solid, mineralised form. At times when blood calcium is decreased, the body will actively resorb bone to solubilise the calcium. The loss of mineral content in the bone results in microfractures and replacement with fibrous tissue. This fibrous tissue deposition results in the thickened appearance of the bones. The facial bones of the horse have a predisposition to the bone resorption which is why the name “bighead” came about.

CAUSES

During periods of prolonged dietary calcium deficiency, there is activation of parathyroid hormone which is responsible for increasing blood calcium through 1) bone resorption, 2) increasing gastrointestinal absorption of calcium and 3) reducing renal (kidney) excretion. The major cause of calcium deficiency occurs when horses graze pastures that harbour the toxin known as calcium oxalate. These toxins act by binding to calcium in the gastrointestinal tract, inhibiting its absorption. The most common species of oxalate containing pastures are the tropical pastures such as: setaria, buffel, kikuyu, para grass, guinea grass, signal grass and green panic. Another, and less frequent cause of calcium deficiency is a diet high in phosphorous, such as those with large amounts of grain.

difficulty. The other two early signs of the disease include a shifting lameness and sore joints that progress to reluctance to move and a stiff gait. In time, and without treatment, the bone loss results in an Fig 1. Gelding affected with osteopaenic-like syndrome bighead; take note of the thickened facial bones with pathological fractures which are often catastrophic.

TREATMENT AND PREVENTION

To prevent this disease you need to make sure there is enough calcium in your horse's diet to overpower the oxalate or phosphorous' ability to bind the calcium in your horses gut. Feeding a high calcium feed specially designed for horses grazing tropical pasture, or adding calcium supplements like limestone and or dicalcium phosphate (DCP) to your horses feed, will ensure your horse receives sufficient calcium. Obviously the gold standard of prevention is to avoid grazing the tropical pastures that harbour the calcium oxalate as mentioned above. Depending on the duration of grazing an affected pasture and the severity of any clinical signs, it is recommended to supplement the horse’s diet with limestone (30-150g) and or DCP (30-150g) for a period of weeks to months despite their removal from the pasture. Lucerne is another rich source of calcium, but there is not enough calcium in lucerne to supplement a horse on a calcium oxalate pasture.

SYMPTOMS

Obviously, as the name suggests, usually the first sign of “bighead” includes thickened facial bones. This can be quite obvious in the case of the frontal or incisor bones and a little more discreet when isolated to the mandible (jaw). As the disease progresses, bone loss can lead to dental pain and various degrees of inappetance. If the bone loss and associated fibrous tissue proliferation is severe, there can be partial occlusion of the pharynx/larynx causing breathing

Fig 2. Setaria Pasture Article by Matt Morahan (BVSc) Gold Coast Equine Clinic


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t i m i L e h t s i y k S e France here we Come!!! Th R

ebecca Harbulot commenced her riding career in 2009 at the age of 9. Now, only two short years later she has the opportunity to perform with the Kamilaroi Equestrian team during a vaulting and trick riding display at the Haras du Pin in Normandy, France

I

t all began in October 2008 at a birthday party, hosted by Kamilaroi Equestrian centre at Carbita Beach. Here both Rebecca and her sister Sammy were given the opportunity to try kneeling and standing on horses whilst at walk. The girls must have shown some talent because they were invited to attend vaulting training sessions of a Saturday with the Kamilaroi team.

I

n early 2009 Rebecca seriously began riding, joining the Mudgeeraba Pony Club with a borrowed horse, on a lead line. It wasn’t long however before she gained enough confidence to enjoy popping over some small jumps.

T

he following year Rebecca continued training and taking out the Nerang show jumping height for the season.

R

ebecca and Sammy also continued Kamilaroi, joining the team when It became a family affair with younger sisters entertaining the crowd.

with pony club, jumping 1.10m in and District Equestrian Club 70cm to spend their Saturdays at they performed at local events. brother Peter Harbulot joining his

T

his year life continues much the same for Becky. She is continuing with Pony Club and show jumping, with aspirations to begin her dressage career as well. Every spare Saturday is spent at Kamilaroi Equestrian Centre where she has now officially joined the vaulting and trick riding team.

K

amilaroi have been invited to attend, and perform, at the Percheron World Congress 2011 the 23rd, 24th and 25th of September at the Haras du Pin in Normandy, France. This has given Rebecca an amazing, once in a lifetime, opportunity.

on

B

ut Rebecca needs your help. She is now fundraising for her international experience. If you are able to help this young girl achieve her dreams please contact 0413 945 560.

R

ebecca can be seen performing at the opening and closing ceremony of the Queensland Equestrian Centre at Caloundra on the 3rd of September.

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Reg. Irish Draught Stallion, 16.3hh. Stud Fee: $2000

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S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

PATINACK FARM

MONACO MONACOCONSUL CONSUL(NZ) (NZ)$19,800 $19,800inc. inc.GST GST High HighChaparral Chaparral(IRE) (IRE)--Argante Argante(NZ) (NZ),, (GB) by byStar StarWay Way(GB)

WONDERFUL WONDERFUL WORLD WORLD $12,100 $12,100inc. inc.GST GST Agnes AgnesWorld World(USA) (USA)--Success SuccessTale, Tale, (USA) by bySuccess SuccessExpress Express(USA)

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nominations nominations nominations nominations &&sales sales &&sales sales 2563 25632563 Beaudesert 2563 Beaudesert Beaudesert Beaudesert - -nerang nerang - -nerang nerang rd, rd,Benobble Benobble rd, rd,Benobble Benobble Qld Qld4275 4275 Qld Qld4275 4275 t:t: +61 +61 t:t:7+61 7+61 5543 5543 775543 5096 5543 50965096 5096 m: m: +61 +61 m: m:413 +61 413 +61712 413 712 413465 712 465 712465 465 e:e: jheather@patinackfarm.com jheather@patinackfarm.com e:e: jheather@patinackfarm.com jheather@patinackfarm.com

stud stud stud stud manager manager manager manager - -Qld Qld - -Qld Qld 2563 25632563 Beaudesert 2563 Beaudesert Beaudesert Beaudesert - -nerang nerang - -nerang nerang rd, rd,Benobble Benobble rd, rd,Benobble Benobble Qld Qld4275 4275 Qld Qld4275 4275 t:t: +61 +61 t:t:7+61 7+61 5543 5543 775543 5096 5543 50965096 5096 m: m: +61 +61 m: m:429 +61 429 +61664 429 664 429441 664 441 664441 441 e:e: gatkins@patinackfarm.com gatkins@patinackfarm.com e:e: gatkins@patinackfarm.com gatkins@patinackfarm.com

For ForFor For More More More More Information Information Information Information Call Call Call Call Us UsUs Today Us Today Today Today or orEmail: or Email: orEmail: Email: nominations@patinackfarm.com nominations@patinackfarm.com nominations@patinackfarm.com nominations@patinackfarm.com Bradley Bradley Bradley Bradley Knox Knox Knox Knox national national national national nominations nominations nominations nominations manager manager manager manager 147 147alison alison 147 147alison road, alison road,road, road, randwick randwick randwick randwick nsW nsW2031 nsW 2031 nsW2031 2031 t:t: +61 +61 t:t: 22+61 9314 +61 9314 228800 9314 8800 93148800 8800 F:F: +61 +61 F:F: 22+61 9314 +61 9314 228899 9314 8899 93148899 8899 m: m: +61 +61 m: m:417 417 +61 +61 252 252 417 417 178 178 252 252178 178 e:e: bknox@patinackfarm.com bknox@patinackfarm.com e:e: bknox@patinackfarm.com bknox@patinackfarm.com

Ben BenlaWrence laWrence Ben BenlaWrence laWrence stud manager manager stud studstud manager manager richmond richmond grove grove road, richmond richmond grove grove road, road,road, sandy sandy Hollow Hollow nsW nsW2333 2333 sandy sandy Hollow Hollow nsW nsW2333 2333 t:t: 22+61 +61 224000 6547 65474000 4000 t:t: +61 +61 6547 6547 4000 F:F: 22+61 +61 224099 6547 65474099 4099 F:F: +61 +61 6547 6547 4099 m: m:427 +61 +61 427 427 392 392130 130 m: m: +61 +61 427 392 392 130 130 e:e: blawrence@patinackfarm.com blawrence@patinackfarm.com e:e: blawrence@patinackfarm.com blawrence@patinackfarm.com

Fergal Fergal connolly connolly Fergal Fergal connolly connolly nominations nominations &&sales sales nominations nominations &&sales sales richmond richmond grove grove road, richmond richmond grove grove road, road,road, sandy sandy Hollow Hollow nsW nsW2333 2333 sandy sandy Hollow Hollow nsW nsW2333 2333 t:t: 22+61 +61 224000 6547 65474000 4000 t:t: +61 +61 6547 6547 4000 F:F: 22+61 +61 224099 6547 65474099 4099 F:F: +61 +61 6547 6547 4099 m: m:416 +61 +61 416 416 381 381786 786 m: m: +61 +61 416 381 381 786 786 e:e: fconnolly@patinackfarm.com fconnolly@patinackfarm.com e:e: fconnolly@patinackfarm.com fconnolly@patinackfarm.com

troy Jones Jones troy troytroy Jones Jones marKeting marKeting &&client client relations relations marKeting marKeting &&client client relations relations nominations@patinackfarm.com nominations@patinackfarm.com richmond richmond grove grove road, richmond richmond grove grove road, road,road, sandy sandy Hollow Hollow nsW nsW2333 2333 sandy sandy Hollow Hollow nsW nsW2333 2333 t:t: 22+61 +61 224000 6547 65474000 4000 t:t: +61 +61 6547 6547 4000 F:F: 22+61 +61 224099 6547 65474099 4099 F:F: +61 +61 6547 6547 4099 m: m:428 +61 +61 428 428 632 632966 966 m: m: +61 +61 428 632 632 966 966 e:e: tjones@patinackfarm.com tjones@patinackfarm.com e:e: tjones@patinackfarm.com tjones@patinackfarm.com

adam adam Henry Henry adam adam Henry Henry nominations nominations &&sales sales nominations nominations &&sales sales richmond richmond grove grove road, richmond richmond grove grove road, road,road, sandy sandy Hollow Hollow nsW nsW2333 2333 sandy sandy Hollow Hollow nsW nsW2333 2333 t:t: 22+61 +61 224000 6547 65474000 4000 t:t: +61 +61 6547 6547 4000 F:F: 22+61 +61 224099 6547 65474099 4099 F:F: +61 +61 6547 6547 4099 m: m:408 +61 +61 408 408 053 053234 234 m: m: +61 +61 408 053 053 234 234 e:e: ahenry@patinackfarm.com ahenry@patinackfarm.com e:e: ahenry@patinackfarm.com ahenry@patinackfarm.com

WN WN USA) (USA) (USA) (USA)NEW NEW NEW NEW 2011 2011 2011 2011 LOPE LOPE LOPE LOPE DE DEVEGA DE VEGA DEVEGA VEGA (IRE) (IRE) (IRE) (IRE) ||MONACO MONACO ||MONACO MONACO CONSUL CONSUL CONSUL CONSUL (NZ) (NZ)(NZ) (NZ) ||TERANABA TERANABA ||TERANABA TERANABA

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LD D

CANUNGRA, CANUNGRA,QLD QLD

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Safe Teasing!

S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

By: Heather Smith Thomas

Safety when teasing depends on the surroundings, the method, the horse, and the handler.Teasing is essential to detect when a broodmare is in estrus, but it's no easy feat due to the size and power of the animals involved. Safety should be top priority--to avoid injury to horses and people.

Equipment for handling the teaser includes a strong halter and a long shank with a good quality chain. "Depending on the individual, the chain should be over the nose, or possibly in the mouth--whatever works best for that horse. Some need a little more control," says Tracy.

Teasing is particularly useful on farms with more than a dozen mares, according to Ahmed Tibary, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACT, professor of theriogenology in the department of veterinary clinical sciences at Washington State University.

Safe Handling

"You are then looking at two options," he says. "During breeding season you'd have the vet come every other day to scan mares, or use a teasing stallion to reduce the number of veterinary examinations." If the farm is using artificial insemination, Tibary suggests it might be better to have a veterinarian evaluate the mare's cycle by using ultrasonography rather than rely on a teaser. Teasing stimulates the mare in readiness for breeding due to release of oxytocin (a hormone that stimulates milk let-down and causes uterine contractions) in her body, but this also can be accomplished by hormonal treatment, he says. "Some people tease with a gelding," says Tibary. "Although this works, not all geldings are good teasers, and not all mares will show to a gelding. In most situations you need a stallion for this job. In operations with minimal personnel, it is easier to use a small horse or pony stallion for teasing--one that's docile and easy to handle." Some farms use their breeding stallion for teasing, but for the stallion's safety Tibary does not recommend this practice. "You don't want to risk having him hurt (if the mare becomes aggressive)," he says.

Proper Equipment Safety starts with the facility used for teasing. "The most common mistake people make is deciding to start teasing mares with an inadequate setup," notes Tibary. Proper equipment and facility design are important. "You need one setup, such as a teasing rail, for mares that have no foal at side. Mares with foals at side are best teased in a box stall, having the foal with them," Tibary says. The stallion is then brought to the mare, teasing her from outside the stall. "I like a traditional teasing rail that's high enough the stallion won't try to jump over it," says Tibary. "The rail should come to the height of the mare's croup (the area that extends from the loins to the tailhead). This allows the stallion's head to be above it so he can smell and tease the mare, but (the wall or rail is) still high enough he wouldn't try to get over it." Rail height requirements depend on breed, and all rails should be solid and padded so they won't damage feet and legs. Don't tease mares employing a fence that's not solid or secure. No matter how gentle the stallion is, a mare could injure herself if she strikes at him through a gate or a wire or board fence. Some large operations use a teasing chute, running mares down the chute and walking the stallion along the outside. This works well when checking many mares to determine if they are ready, such as when screening recipient mares for embryo transfer. Bill Tracy, farm manager at JEH Stallion Station in Hondo, N.M., teases dozens of Quarter Horse mares daily during breeding season, generally by walking the teaser stallion down a long aisleway in a barn.

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Safety measures when handling a teaser are similar to the precautions used for handling a breeding stallion. "The difference is that a teasing stallion must be selected primarily on temperament--a gentle stallion that still has very good libido," says Tibary. "For the handler, I recommend having good control of the stallion and wearing protective gear (such as helmet and gloves)." The handler should also be an experienced horse person. Tracy notes that good teasing is a team effort; one person should lead the stallion and another should observe and record mares' reactions and behavior. This is also important for safety reasons. "If you are leading the stallion down the alley it's hard to watch the mares at the same time. When you get two or three stalls past a mare, that's when she's liable to show," says Tracy. "You may miss seeing this if you're handling the stallion. And if you're not paying enough attention to him, trying to watch the mares, that's when you may get (hurt)." To lead the stallion safely, Tracy recommends walking alongside the horse behind his head, but slightly ahead of his shoulder. "You have to be out in front a bit so that if he suddenly turns toward the mares he won't run into you," he says. "Horses react quickly, and if you're in the way you'll be in trouble. If a mare behind you starts showing, he may come instantly back over the top of you. I try to move forward with him all the time, but (stay) where I can readily see him. If he starts to dive forward you can get out of the way, yet at the same time be able to control him or go back with him if he suddenly hits reverse." When bringing the mare to the stallion, "you must let her see and hear the stallion first, before you try to tease her," says Tibary. "If you don't allow her enough time, her reaction (signifying whether she's in heat) will be more violent." Some handlers lead the stallion along the pasture fence where mares or mares and foals are turned out to observe their reactions. Some "shy" mares might not approach the stallion, but might show signs of interest as they see other mares interacting with him. For this method, you need a safe fenceline (in case a mare becomes aggressive as the stallion is led past) and a wellmannered, easily controlled stallion. Another method involves putting the teaser stallion in a safe enclosure near the mares' pasture for a while each day, observing mares' reactions to him and using a scoring system to record their behavior and any changes in behavior from day to day. "Many mares start showing heat when they watch the stallion and hear his vocalization," says Tibary. Teasing methods that try to mimic nature (allowing the stallion time to court a mare) with the least human intervention can often be the most effective, as well as safest for the animals and people involved.

Take-Home Message Safety when teasing depends on the surroundings, the teasing method used, the stallion, and the handler. "Selection of the environment and teasing method may depend on how big the ranch is, availability of personnel, whether someone will be holding the mare, or if you are trying to tease a group of mares all at the same time," says Tibary.


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S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

Lauries As

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A modern stallion with the talent to set the dressage world alight!


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Male Horses: A Role in Early-Term Abortion? by: Erica Larson, News Editor

S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

Early-term abortion in mares is a frustrating problem for breeders, as often the cause is nearly impossible to determine. But a team of researchers from the Czech Republic might have uncovered one possible reason why mares abort in certain management situations. According to lead researcher Ludek Bartos, MSc, PhD, ScD, of the Institute of Animal Science in Prague, mares are more likely to have an early-term abortion if they're pastured adjacent to geldings or beside stallions that are not the sires of their fetuses. "Fetal loss is a common phenomenon in domestic horses, being usually substantially higher than that in other domestic ungulates (hooved animals) and it has been a puzzle for generations of vets," noted Bartos, who is professor and head of the institute's Department of Ethology. Their retrospective study idea grew out of an examination of infanticide--killing or attempted killing of young--in another equid species. "By studying infanticide in captive plains zebra, we found out that the probability of fetal death was greatest when the new male joined the herd just after conception and decreased with increasing time between conception and date of the new male introduction," Bartos explained. "The chance of a foal surviving was less than 5% when the male joined the group just after conception and more than 50% when he joined at the time of delivery. Based on this we predicted that something similar could happen in domestic horses." The researchers surveyed breeders from across the Czech Republic and obtained 81 breeding records from mares of 21 different breeds. The mares were 4 to 24 years old and ranged from maiden mares to experienced broodmares. Artificial insemination was used in 20% of the breedings and the rest were bred via live cover. The team took into consideration normal foaling rates among this population of mares when examining the data. In 45 of the 81 cases, the mare was transported to a different farm to be bred (Bartos termed this being bred to a "foreign" stallion); the remaining 36 mares were bred to a stallion on their home farm. Bartos noted that upon return from a successful breeding to a foreign stallion, 13 mares were kept in pastures or enclosures adjacent to geldings or stallions and 32 mares shared pastures with geldings or stallions. Of these mares, 31% suffered early-term abortions: 54% of the mares kept adjacent to geldings/stallions and 22% of the mares sharing pastures with geldings/stallions aborted. Conversely, none of the mares bred to a stallion at their home farm suffered fetal loss. He noted that more than half of them were trailered frequently while pregnant, so it is unlikely that transportation played a role in the abortions of mares bred to foreign stallions. Bartos noted that these mares bred at home were kept in the same close proximity to familiar stallions and geldings that the mares bred off premises were. In looking at the data, Bartos noted that that statistically the probability of early-term abortion was seven times more likely when the mare had no male company in her enclosure and one or more home stallions or geldings in an adjacent enclosure. He and his colleagues believe the basis for this phenomenon could be related to stallion infanticide: In bands of feral horses, dominant stallions have been reported to kill (or try to kill) foals that they didn't sire. According to the research team, to combat infanticide mares have been reported to partake in "promiscuous matings," or sexual encounters with dominant stallions when already in foal (to other stallions). Such an encounter might "manipulate" the male's assessment of whether or not he sired the foal. Bartos et al. also theorized that if mares aren't able to partake in promiscuous mating, they will abort their foals if the likelihood is high that the dominant stallion will kill the foal upon birth. This essentially would save the mare the energy of carrying the foal to term. The method by which a mare's body terminates pregnancy in this scenario is unknown, he noted, adding that this phenomenon has already been researched and confirmed in house mice. He said the inability to partake in promiscuous mating could be key to why more of the mares pastured next to males-as opposed to with them--aborted: "Some respondents to our questionnaire reported an increased, repeated sexual activity either by a home stallion or dominant gelding shortly after the pregnant mare returned from mating with a foreign stallion if released into the enclosure with them. We interpret our results as suggesting that where possible, a mare manipulates the male's paternity assessment by promiscuous mating. If she has no chance to do that she may abort the current fetus.

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“Breeding horses to work & perform” Coloured Arabian Derivatives, Arabian Stock Horses & Australian Stock Horses Standing at Stud

Dam: Ralvon Gazelle

Bay, 14.3hh D.O.B: 29/09/07

One of only a handful of Pure Bred Arabian Stallions registered Stud Book Australian Stock Horse. Introductory Stud Fee $880 LFG – AI & Natural

Peter & Amanda Riordan • Murrurundi NSW

Design by Mel Spittall/MS Equipix

(by Ralvon Pilgrim)

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Style

14.11/4 hh Stock Horse X. Ability

ANSA reg./EFA reg.

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Temperament

Ph: 07 5547 0920 • Mob: 0402 992 115

www.dovehaven.com.au

Currently training Medium Dressage and started Eventing 2008; possessing bold, athletic technique over jumps whilst maintaining style and poise. Competing at Nov/Elem averaging 65%. Has the movement of a top Warmblood in a small package, whist always the perfect gent. Competition Record: • Winner NADEC, PRARG & RASDEG Official Novice. • 3rd place Novice 2009 QLD State Champs. • Awarded ‘Most Improved Dressage Pony’ 2009 by Equestrian QLD. All his progeny have inherited his performance ability. Contact Robyn further information.

S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

(by Ralvon Witness)

1303 Artwork by AQUA [PD] - www.aqua-pd.com.au

Sire: Whitsunday Abiita

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What a pleasure this horse is to be around. He can be seen around at the many competitions and meets on the Mid North Coast - but you would never pick he is a stallion. Standing in lineups next to mares and geldings alike without so much as a nicker. Versatile in every way this horse has competed (and won) in Team Penning, Halter, Western Pleasure, Rookie Reining & Western Equitation. He was also part of the demonstration team for Ranch Roping & doesn't mind being strapped to a beast. On his first and only dressage outing he placed in the top 5 with a rider who had never competed in dressage before! Want to talk about conformation & colour? His progeny to date have fantastic conformation, his beautiful nature & Include a gorgeous palomino filly with white stockings & a very loud palomino & white filly.

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He draws attention wherever he goes - for all the right reasons. With true black colour, 2 blue eyes and a personality to die for, Cooper as he is known at home just draws people to him. At just 3 years old he has ventured out on limited occasions, but has shown great promise in the show ring. Placing and winning in Halter, Western Equitation and Hunter under saddle, he's happy to â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;play with cattleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; in the Team Penning ring, and shows promise as an up and coming Reiner. He has also tried his hand at Dressage, is cool calm and collected on a trail ride, and is trained in natural horsemanship both online, under saddle and at liberty.

Agistment rates will vary depending on your mares requirements. Enquiries: Tanja 0412 592 033, Phil: 0414 584 830 or email tanjajkraus@gmail.com

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S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

15hh Black and White Paint Overo


Australian Arabian Roll of Merit 2007

2006

– Champion

TCAG Annual “A” Class

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Royal Hobart Summer Show

– Champion

Tasmania Arab “A” Class Show

– First

Tasmanian Arabian Riders Show

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Led Arab Stallion

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TCAG Pre Royal Gala

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2005

RAST Summer Royal

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Gold Coast & Logan Horse Magazine September