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From Thonee ofEoudritbeorst ed..iti..ons yet!

Local Horse Magaziovneer isin is I think this be a part of the Road to the Horse! We willlikbee to invite major thrilled to ar supporting the Aussie Team & we would ur Dates and Kentucky next ye me along for the ride. We will have To our readers to co s up on our website soon....stay tuned Tour package price orsemagazine.com.au for alh loc w. ww ite bs we e th t Don’t forget to chatec’sk ouon along with the latest news and results. updated events, wh g

Happy Riding & Readin

Donna

pg. 7

Contents

Breeds Page....7 Dressage Page....8 Eventing Page..12 Horsemanship Page..16 Polocrosse Page..22 Pony/Riding Clubs Page..24 Kids Corner Page..28 Show Jumping Page..34 Showing Page..38 Out & About Page..42 Service Directory Page..48 Classified Advertising Page..49 Stallion Edition Page..51

Articles

pg. 21

pg. 35

pg. 35

DEADLINE FOR ARTWORK 15th of each month Printed by: FAST PROOF PRESS (07) 5578 4722

Disclaimer

Gold Coast Local Horse Magazine have taken every care in preparation of this magazine. Therefore it may not be copied in part or whole for reproduction, without said magazine's written authority. While we take every care in the preparation and accuracy of its contents we are not responsible for any mistakes or misprints in any article or advertisement, nor are we responsible for any errors by others. Gold Coast Local Horse Magazine accepts no liability resulting from omissions, errors, misprints or failure to publish any advertisment.

The Clydesdale Dressage for Adult Riders (contd) Who Invented the Dressage Letters? Fitness First (Eventing) KEG Results Foal Handling the John Chatterton Way Talk to the Animals World Cup Polo Results The Beginning of Masters Polocrosse Rider of the Month - Mell Cannon Aspects of Driving Ask the Coach The Story of Harry Microchipping Jumping - Starting to Jump your Horse PtV Show Horse or Show Horse Hunter Road to the Horse Squarmous Cell Carcinoma Hendra Virus The Stallion Directory

Page.....7 Page.....9 Page....10 Page....13 Page....14 Page....17 Page....21 Page....22 Page....23 Page....25 Page....27 Page....28 Page....30 Page....32 Page....35 Page....39 Page....40 Page....44 Page....46 Page....51

Front Cover “Smooth Move” Photo & Artwork by Tania Hobbs Contacts:

Editor: Donna Morton- 0419 029 070 Photographer for Events: Downunder Photography - 0419 029 070 Office: (07) 55 434 878 Editor: donna@localhorsemagazine.com.au Advertising: sales@gclhorsemag.com.au W: www.localhorsemagazine.com.au 3


What’s On Calendar Breeds www.wpcs.com.au/qld www.mhaaqld.com.au

August 2011

Pine Rivers Show 5th - 7th Aug pinerivershow@acenet.net.au www.pineriversshow.org.au

Ekka 11th- 20th Aug www.ekka.com.au

Canungra Show 27th Aug www.canungrashowsociety.org Contact: Shona 0414 676 787 Email: canungrashowsociety@gmail.com

September 2011 Gold Coast Show 2nd & 4th Sept www.goldcoastshow.com.au

Beaudesert Show 9th 7 10th Sept Contact: Sue Ferguson 5541 4037 Email: secretary@beaudesertshow.com.au Web: www.beaudesertshow.com.au

Qld Pinto State Championships 11th Sept Caboolture Showgrounds or phone (07) 5498 6815 Emai: qldpintos@gmail.com Web: www.queenslandpintos.com

Beenleigh Show 16th & 17th Sept Contact: Secretary 3807 1871 Web: www.beenleigh.countryshows.com.au

Tamborine Mt Show 24th & 25th Sept www.tamborinemtnshow.com.au

October 2011 Palouse State Show 9th October Indoor Wallon Email: carapalida@bigpond.com Web: http://bcpalouseponyassoc.webs.com

The Arabian Horse Breeders Alliance Showcase - Equitana

10th November

10am Sydney Showgrounds www.arabianhorsebreedersalliance.com www.equitana.com.au

Palouse Championship Halter Classic 20th November Email: carapalida@bigpond.com Web: http://bcpalouseponyassoc.webs.com

To Advertise your upcoming Events for FREE Contact: Gold Coast & Logan Local Horse Magazine at donna@localhorsemagazine.com.au 4


The Clydesdale U

niformity of type has long been a marked characteristic of the Clydesdale and there is no breed of heavy horse so famous for its quality, cleanness of joints, hardness of bone, cleanness and correct setting of hock and length and slope of pastern, whilst as for action, the Clydesdale is unrivalled. The general appearance of the Clydesdale can be assessed whilst the horse is standing in the optimal position of supporting itself equally well on each leg. The Clydesdale is also observed when in motion, at walk and trot. The preferred characteristics are as follows:-

T

he height of the Clydesdale horse should range to over 17 hands. When the horse is fully matured it should be evenly balanced. Viewed from the side, the body should show plenty of depth, and from the front or rear should appear broad and thick. The depth of the body, through the chest and length of leg, should be approximately the same. Such proportions allow the Clydesdale’s weight to be used to the best advantage.

and tapered into, the back. The arm of the Clydesdale should be comparatively short, wide and muscular. This places the leg sufficiently under the body to provide the desirable position and action. The knee, viewed from the front, should be broad and flat, tapering to the cannon and, when viewed from the side, should be straight from the shoulder to the fetlock joint. The tendon at the back of the knee should contribute to give depth and strength.

T

he cannon of the fore leg should be long, wide, lean and flat as viewed from the side. The tendons should show prominently. The long hair or ’feather’ should spring from the back of the tendon and not from the sides of the cannon. It should be soft to touch and straight. The fetlock should be wide, when viewed from the side, and narrow viewed from the front, fine and well directed. The pastern should be fairly long and sloping, so as to relieve concussion in the course of action.

Q

uality in the horse is manifested especially in the bone, skin and hair. As well, the general conformation should indicate a degree of superiority. The bone of the Clydesdale should be hard and dense, with strong, compact cellular structure. The hair or ’feather’ down the back of the cannon is an indication of the quality of the bone, and should be long, fine and straight.

T

he head of the Clydesdale should be in proportion to the body. The face may either be straight or slightly Roman nosed. The muzzle should show thin rather than heavy lips, which should come together evenly and with a wide open nostril. The eyes should be rather oval than round, prominent, reasonably large and have thin smooth eyelids. When the iris of the eye is colourless, the eye appears to be white with a ’wall eye’ as a result. The sight of such an eye is quite as good as that of having a dark coloured iris. There should be plenty of width between the eyes and the forehead should be slightly arched, tapering away above the eyes to the poll. The ears should be pointed, of medium size and thin of texture, having a covering of fine hair.

T

he neck should be of moderate length, muscular yet not too thick, arched and well laid into the shoulder. The head should merely set into the neck at the right angle. A good head, neck and shoulders denote character, giving the animal a good outlook.

T

he shoulders should be moderately sloped and provide a sufficient collar bed. The shoulders should be fairly wide, well muscled, and the top should be carried close to

Cont’d over 5


The Clydesdale cont’d...

T

he foot must be sound and healthy. A good hoof head, with wide open heels and strong quarters, is preferred, otherwise a horse may have a tendency to develop unsoundness. The feet should preferably receive attention from when the animal is a foal until it is fully matured.

T

he chest of the Clydesdale should be deep, wide, low and of large girth, indicating strong constitution with ample space for vital organs. The back should be short, broad and strongly supported, and slightly inclined upwards towards the croup. The loin should be short, wide and strongly muscled. This portion of the back should be short and as wide as possible, and the ribs long, well sprung and close together.

T T

he flanks should be low and full.

he hind quarters are the great source of driving power. The hips should be wide, but in harmony with general body proportions, and well muscled. The croup should be long, as seen from the side, wide as viewed from behind, and with sloping arch from the hips to the setting of the tail. It is important that the tail be attached high.

T

he thigh should be short, but heavily muscled. The hock is one of the most important points of the horse, as it is in this joint that the strain on the muscles,

during action, is concentrated. The hock, should be broad, viewed from the side, and narrow, viewed from the front, its point being prominent, and the joint as a whole, when viewed from the side should be well supported by a wide cannon below. The hock should be turned slightly, and close to each other, the cannon

straight not ’cow hocked’ when viewed from the rear. The hocks should not show fullness or swelling.

T

he hind cannons, like the front ones, should be broad when viewed from the side and thin when viewed from the front. They should be perpendicular, in line with the hind quarters. The hind fetlocks, as in the case of the front ones, should be wide, whilst the pasterns are less oblique than those of the fore legs. The hind feet are somewhat smaller than the front ones, not as round, but with good hoof heads and wide open heels.

T

he hind legs, like the front ones, should be set into the body, not on the outside of the quarters, but well under, so that the muscles on the quarters project wider than the muscles on the thighs. The toes of the hind feet should incline slightly outward. There should be a good length from the point of the hock to the ground.

T

he action of the Clydesdale should be even, the hind and fore action should be in unison. The hind feet should be planted forward as deliberately as the fore ones, which should be evenly carried forward. At the walk, the hind foot should cover the imprint of the front foot as a minimum. Short stepping is a fault in the working horse. The hocks should be turned slightly inward. In trotting, the Clydesdale horse should bend the legs at the knees and hocks and, from the hind view, the inside of the hooves or shoes should be seen at every step.

Reference: An article printed in August 1928 by the CCHS in their “Horse News Annual” in relation to a description of the Clydesdale. These Breed Standards were approved by the Federal Council in September 2001


E: goldcoast@horseland.net.au underwood@horseland.net.au

7


What’s On Calendar Dressage www.qld.equestrian.org.au

September 2011

August 2011 Tanja Mitton “Equestrian Champion Mindset” One day clinic 6th Aug Contact Nancy Clarke 0407033598 nclarke@jefferycpa.com.au

PRARG Assoc.Dressage Contact: Lindal Binch 3297 5759 Email: prarginc@iprimus.com.au Web: www.prarg.com

4th Sept

Tweed Valley Dressage Championships Murwillumbah Showgrounds Contact: Kim Jackson 0403 128 637 Email: kim.jackson@tveg.org.au Website: www.tveg.org.au

Tweed Valley Assoc. Dressage Murwillumbah Showgrounds Contact: Kim Jackson 0403 128 637 Email: kim.jackson@tveg.org.au Website: www.tveg.org.au

11th Sept

Fig Tree Pocket Off.& Ass. Dressage Contact: Emma O’Connor Email: oconnor.e@hotmail.com Website: www.nominate.com

11th Sept

6-7 Aug

NADEC Dressage Spectacular 20-21 Aug Mudgeeraba Pony Club Contact: Gayle Blums 0409 287 806 Email: admin@jumpingcrocodilecruises.com.au Website: www.nadec.net CGDRC - Associate Dressage 21st Aug Contact Kristen Heffernan 5546 4410 / 0404 071 123 kristen@safetyequip.com.au ZONE 2 Official Dressage Combined Training Mudgeeraba Pony Club Grounds Contact: 042 887 793

27th Aug 28th Aug

Stuartholme Dressage Samford Pony Club Contact: Nicole Lewindon Email: n.leewindon@optusnet.com

27th Aug

CGDRC - Associate Dressage 28th Aug Contact Kristen Heffernan 5546 4410 / 0404 071 123 kristen@safetyequip.com.au

LVRC Dressage & Showjumping 18th Sept Website: www.loganvillageridingclub.com LEGS Assoc Dressage Laidley Showgrounds Contact: Brooke Graham 5464 5771 Email: secretary@legs.org.au Website: www.legs.org.au

18th Sept

NADEC Off & Assoc Dressage Mudgeeraba Showgrounds Contact: Gayle Blums Email: admin@jumpingc rocodilecruises.com.au Website: www.nadec.net

25th Sept

RASDEC Assoc. Dressage Wynnum Pony Club Contact: Yvette Vlies 0422 499 832 Email: ymv@iinet.net.au Website: www.rasdeg.org.au

25th Sept

Samford Official ** Dressage 27-28 Aug Samford Showgrounds Contact: Amanda Kilpatrick Email: amandakilpat@hotmail.com Website: www.samfordequestriangroup.com

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Dressage for Adult Riders ! a H e e Y cont’d from last month

The Mental Component

Riding isn’t just a physical pursuit; there’s a strong mental component as well. Approaching your daily riding with good mental imagery can set the stage for positive experiences in the saddle. Conjuring an image of a matador with a tall, secure stature leads to feelings of being a proud leader and capable rider. Fear or dread are feelings many riders contend with. One method for derailing these feelings is to redirect your focus toward the task at hand, rather than how you feel about the task. A good way to go about that is to break things down into simple steps rather than looking at everything as an insurmountable undertaking. Start by working on something in which you feel secure and connected with your horse. If, for example, you feel uncomfortable with cantering, continue to maintain your focus by staying connected with some part of your body, such as rolling your tailbone under with each stride as if you were on a swing. Break down your canter work into smaller bits. Establish a quality trot, then canter for five strides and return to trot, recapturing the same quality in the trot. This helps keep you positively connected on either end of the canter. The same theory applies for riders that find sitting the trot tiring. Start your trot work riding a good-quality posting trot. Sit for three strides, and then post again. Ask yourself if you were able to maintain the quality of the trot for those three strides. Over time, build up to five strides, then seven strides and so on. Subconsciously turn your body over to the motion of the horse. Imagine while sitting that you are on an inner tube in the ocean – you wouldn’t try to control waves, but would instead let go and follow the movement. By owning the experience, you know how to direct the experience. This takes away fear and puts you in control.

The Training Scale

One exercise that helps make the training scale tangible is a spiral exercise. Start by riding a rhythmic large circle. Establishing rhythm first fulfills the first step of the training scale. Spiral in to a medium circle and stay there. From there, spiral to a small circle, staying on the small circle, before spiraling out to the medium circle again, and then back on to the large circle. Returning one more time to the middle circle helps solidify the wall the outside aids create. With your horse also respectful of your inside leg, you create a corridor to push the energy from the hind legs over the topline to the bit, bringing the horse rounder and on the aids, establishing relaxation and connection, the next two elements in the training scale. Playing with speed control within the gait while on each circle helps develop impulsion, the fourth step of the training scale. If added energy stays put on the middle circle without drifting in or out, you have added straightness, the fifth element of the training scale, to your training. Look through the ears of the horse to check that your nose, chin, sternum and belly button line up with the crest of the horse’s neck. The horse’s head and neck are positioned between two points of shoulder. These items promote straightness. Straightness on a circle is energy that stays on this path, not falling in or out with the hind hooves following the track of the front hooves. This exercise brings the first five elements of the training scale into tangible focus. The final element, collection, is introduced at Second Level. Carry these feelings with you into other movements and let them serve as a check that you are riding correctly. Often, when riders are learning a new movement, they focus too much on that new movement and lose focus on maintaining the basics. Let the training scale be your conscience.

cont’d over

When you already know horses, changing disciplines or adding a discipline is probably less of a leap than you might think. Riders who are changing disciplines or adding dressage to their skill set will notice much universality: eyes up, heels down, elbows by your side, thumb on top of the rein. One idea unique to dressage that may be new to many riders is the training scale [see diagram]. The training scale forms the basis of dressage training; by understanding the training scale, riders can make sense of the sport.

9


Dressage for Adult Rider s - cont’d

Knowledge is Power Whether you choose to show or ride for your own pleasure, being familiar with the EA tests can help guide your riding. Within these tests lie two gems of information: the purpose of each level and directives for each movement. These tell you what is important when riding at that level and help bring the training scale from theory into reality. By keeping these thoughts in mind while you ride, you can maintain quality in your riding. As with the exercises breaking down the trot work and the canter work into smaller pieces, you can look at how movements are put together into smaller chunks, along with what is important when riding that movement. If you decide to take your riding “on the road” by showing, look at test riding as an opportunity to gain constructive criticism from the judge on the test sheet; use this information to raise the bar in your riding.

The Forever Learner Dressage is a process sport that involves continually developing your own riding skills, your communication with your horse and the quality of your horse. There is no “it.” The “it” keeps changing daily. There is no “there” you are trying to reach. This constantly-evolving sport is for anyone and everyone. There isn’t a set roadmap; each path is unique to each person. The fun lies in being in charge of yourself and where you want to go. Take advantage of the many training videos and books, clinics, symposiums and lesson opportunities that come your way, helping you stretch and grow as a rider.

le s Happy Sadd

N

Who Invented the Dressage Letters?

obody knows exactly what the letters are around the dressage arena. They first appeared during the Olympic Games in the 1920’s. Nowadays it is hard to imagine how anyone could remember their dressage test if the letters were not there! Dressage letters are used both to guide the rider and to indicate to dressage judges how much control the rider has over their horse. Perfect dressage movements in a test involve changing transitions when the horse’s shoulder is directly opposite a particular letter. Circle exercises are also performed from one letter to another.

A T T

part from when the arena is used for a dressage test or practice, the dressage letters are very useful during riding lessons. Just imagine how difficult the instructor would find it when giving instructions to change the rein if the letters were not there! here are two main theories - one is that they were the initials of the first cities that the Romans conquered.

he most likely explanation for the dressage letters comes from the days of the Old German Imperial Court. Courtiers representing the various dignatories would be positioned around the stable yard in a strict order with the horses ready to ride

T

he ranks were:

KF PV EB SR MH

= Kaiser = First Prince = Pferdknecht/Ostler = Vassal = Edeling/Ehrengast/Guest of Honour = Bannertrager/Standard Bearer = Schzkanzier/Chancellor of the Exchequer = Ritter/Knight = Meier/Steward = Hofsmarshaller/Lord Chancellor The observant among you will notice that letters on the centre line are also used, A, D, L, X, I, G and C. Were these just letters from the alphabet to fill in the gaps, or is there a real reason behind them?

10


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What’s On Calendar Eventing www.qld.equestrian.org.au

QUEENSLAND EVENTS Redcliffe CNC

6 - 7th August

Toowoomba Hunter Trials 13-14th August Eventing Qld Clinic Toowoomba (TBC)

20 - 21st August

State Championships KEG 3-4th September Warwick ODE 17 - 18th September Toowoomba ODE 8 - 9th October Warwick Spring School 15 - 16th October FCHT ODE 22 - 23 October Fig Tree Pocket CNC 2*

29 - 30th October

INTERSTATE EVENTS

Harden 6 - 7th August Silver Hills 13 - 14th August TIE@Quirindi 19 - 21st August Equestriad CNC 27 - 28th August Camden wCNC 27 - 28th August

Travis Templer

Eventing Coach Available for Clinics or Private Lessons 0433 884 155 12


F

Fitness First

it healthy horses usually produce good results. Like any athlete, Eventing horses need to be prepared and maintained through the competition season. As much as we would like them to be machines, unfortunately they are not. Preparing your horse for the event is critical to both performance on the day and longevity in the sport. Eventers that are unfit or ill prepared are more likely to suffer injuries. While there is no hard and fast rules to preparing your horse there are certain things you need to do to ensure your horse enjoys the event and recovers for the next one.

E

venting in the lower grades, fitness is not as poignant as the higher grades, working your trusty stead four or five times a week for thirty to forty-five minutes is more than adequate for introductory and preliminary classes, but still you have to make sure they are prepared. Working them on the flat makes them dressage fit (three times a week), jumping them once a week (25 minutes) ensures they are physically and mentally ready for the weekend. Even the most trusted of horses find it difficult to compete off no work.

E

ntering the pre-novice class, horses should be worked on average five days a week with one extended work out per fortnight. Again this is very much dependent on the individual horse some horses get fitter faster than others (thoroughbreds are notorious for becoming too fit too fast). Give them a jump at least once a fortnight; school them through grids narrows working on straightness and technique. Some horses could be jumped more, but once a fortnight should be the very minimum for a horse at this level. I usually jump mine on a Tuesday or Wednesday before the event. One thing is not to over jump them keep them keen and careful.

O

ne star horses may need the odd gallop mixed in with their daily workouts and a weekly jump. Having days off here and there don’t hurt but it is hardly fair to expect a horse to gallop cross country and back up and be careful in the show jumping if they have only been worked once in three weeks. If you decide to gallop your horse put them on interval training. A horse that is reasonably fit can handle three sets of four minute gallops at around 450m per minute (a forward canter). Again don’t gallop the legs off them, galloping a one star horse is not always necessary.

F

or two and three star horses the training becomes much more

individualised. Riders generally have their own methods of preparing that involves regular training is association with long trot outs or in combination with interval training. These horses should be put through a regime that seeks to build them up to the big events, preparing their bodies for the rigours, bigger jumps and faster recovery.

A

ll horses above, or perhaps including pre-novice, should be iced after cross country (placing their lower leg joints in ice), this aids not only in recovery but reducing inflammation and heat caused by the hard going in many Queensland courses. (I usually ice for 2025 minutes)

R

iders need to ensure horses shoeing is kept up to date, to prevent bruised heels and losing shoes on cross country.

W

earing boots that fit the horse is important too, rubbing boots can rub your horse out for the next event, make sure the boots are light weight and stay in place throughout the gallop. Boots like to slip down especially after the water jump, so ensure they are well fitting.

A

fter the event I like to poultice the lower portion of their legs (from the knee/hock down) and wrap them in wet newspaper and bandage, to draw out any bruises, making sure you hose the poultice off the next day‌ A job I usually allocate to my mother-in-law. Usually I like to give my horses the Monday after off and a light loosen-up (15 min trot out) on the Tuesday to work out any lactic acid. As m a y

horses step up the grades, riders need to make decisions of what events to take the horse to and what events to miss. Eventing horses have, in most cases, a limited career and minimising the kilometres in their legs means extended their career into their late teens (all things going well). The balance has to be made on how to ensure preparation and experience is equal to the level of fitness required. Every horse is different but all horses need to be prepared, if you do the work eventually you get the results.

Travis Templer 13


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K E G R E S U LT S 180 riders competed at the recent Kooralbyn ODE. The cold frosts did nothing to dampen the riders committment. The Hendra Virus also reduced entriesw, but Bio Security and DPI were fantastic. They attended the event on Saturday and gave a presentation that night. This helped with riders awareness of the virus and cleared up a lot of misinformation. The Kooralbyn Committee had arranged new steel yards to be built, and these were a huge hit with the riders and their horses. A big thankyou to Colin Simpson from Steelworks who helped arrange the steel for us, and also Anthony Cruikshank for building the yards so quickly. The yards are 4m x 4m, so all the horses enjoyed that little bit of extra leg room!! If any one is interested in having any yards, jumps or fencing done, please contact Anthony through the Logan Village Produce Store. This is the first event that we have been lucky enough to have every class sponsored, so a big thankyou to Northern Freighmaster Trailers, Bob Jane T Mart Cairns, All Horses Veterinary Services, Aussie Blue Heelers and Steelworks. We also had a couple of new cross country fences built, thanks again to Anthony Cruikshank. These saw a number of 1 star riders eliminated. Overall though, the course rode well. The 2 star was won by Kevin McNab, followed by Mattea Davidson.These were the only riders to complete the 2 star from 8 entries. One star was won by Kevin Mc Nab, followed by Rebel Morrow, then the first junior, Madison Simpson, who was only 0.8 points behind Rebel. The 1 Star class had 20 starters. Senior Prenovice was won by Mattea Davidson, then Kevin McNab and the Tom Doyle. Jnr Pre Novice was won by McKeely Elliott, then Isabel English and then Brianne Heffernan. Snr Prelim was won by Dean Morris, then Katie Gorell, then dean Morris came in third on another horse. Jnr Prelim was won by Tayla Hopkins, followed by Breeanan Evans gumm, then Madison Simpson. Snr Intro was won by Tom Doyle, followed by rebel Morrow and Kevin McNab. Jnr Intro was won by Emily Russell, followed by Lucy Mortlock and then Jayne Russell. Snr Pre Intro was won by Mattea Davidson, followed by Nicola Weber then Judy Hopkins. Jnr Pre Intro was won by Madeline Wilson, followed by McKeely Elliott and then Justine Streeter. The next event, which is the State Eventing Championships, will be held at Kooralbyn on November the 5th and 6th. We are anticipating 280 + entries for this event. We are looking for sponsors that would like to assists in sponsoring a class, or a jump. We are also looking for someone to cater for this event. Catering incluWdes breakfast, lunch and dinners. If you are interested, please contact Kristen on 55464410


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Colour: Navy blue / Beige; Navy blue / Purple. 600 Denier Outer. 200gm filling. Sizes: 6’3”, 6’6” and 6’9”

COMBO RAIN SHEETS (not pictured) $120.00

Kay Sutherland Director mobile phone fax email

0429 810 668 07 55 278 208 07 55 278 209 ks@quesera.com.au

S1. CLASSIC WHITE SADDLE PAD $50.00 Colour: White with gold cord. Also available with Hanoverian logo.

R3

R2

S2. HANOVERIAN BLACK SADDLE PAD $50.00 Colour: Black with black/yellow /white binding. Also available with Hanoverian logo.

S3. GENUINE FLEECE NUMNAHS $140.00

R3. WINTER TURNOUT COMBO $140.00

Colour: Forest green 600 Denier with cotton lining, no fill. Sizes: 5’9”, 6’0, 6’3”, 6’6” and 6’9”.

R1

SADDLE PADS:

S1

Colour: Pure white / jet black. Sizes: Large (black or white) and Medium (white)

HORSE BOOTS: B1. TRAVEL BOOTS (Set of 4)

S2

Colour: Navy blue. 1200 Denier outer, fully padded with reinforced bottom. Sizes: Large and Medium

General enquiries Sarah Newman 0487 157 348

S3

$65.00

B1

Please see website for full list of all available products

www.equistore.com.au OFFICE: 11 Kootingal Street Ashmore Qld 4214

15


What’s On Calendar Horsemanship

ANIMAL INSTINCTS – HAYLEY CHAMBERS-HOLT

9th October & 30th October

Horsemanship & Trick Training Clinic – Tamborine Pony Club Grounds Contact:- Hayley 0403 584 254 animalinstinctsaust@mac.com

JOHN CHATTERTON CLINICS

Mudgeera & Hinterland Riding Club Contact:- Jill 0437 236 969

14th August

Nimbin 2 Day Clinic Contact: Lorelli 02 6689 1119

20 - 21 August

12th August

QUANTUM SAVVY COME & PLAY CLINICS

MUNRUBEN Contact:- Tracey Edie 0411 106 650 qssb@bigpond.com

PRARG 8th August Contact: Belinda Trapnell 0417 072 718 CEDAR GROVE contact Tracey Edie 0411 106 651

28th August

DOUBLE DAN HORSEMANSHIP CLINIC - Dan James

6 & 7 August

MONTY ROBERTS INTRODUCTORY COURSE QLD

10 - 18th September

Venue:- Dovehaven Equestrian Centre www.doubledanhorsemanship.com.au

with Lynn Mitchell 0433 239 617 Location: Antrim Stud 17341 New England Highway, Allora www.schoolofequus.com.au

BONOGIN VALLEY HORSE RETREAT Contact: Deb & Mark 07 5667 7468 Email: info@horseretreats.com Website: www.horseretreats.com

• • • • • • •

16

6 Aug 7 Aug 9 Aug 12 Aug 21 Aug 23 Aug 28 Aug

Advance Kids Riding Club 2-5pm Kids Riding Club 8am-11am Ladies Morning Riding Club 10am-1pm our half day Cafe Trail Ride for competent riders 9.30am-2.30pm. Adults Riding Club 2-5pm Ladies Morning Cafe Trail Ride 10am-1pm Kids Riding Club 2-5pm


FOAL HANDLING F

the John Chatterton way

oals are very easy to handle on the day of their birth, as they are not aware of the danger around them.

pass meconium. It is advisable to study specific literature on foaling, mare and foal nutrition and foaling procedure.

I have seen foals walk straight up to a dog and try to smell and play with it. The foal has no idea that the dog could hurt or even kill it.

Approximately 2-4 hours after birth, when the mare and foal have bonded, I have a handler hold the mare while I sit down nearby and wait for the foal to become curious enough to come up and smell me. They are very inquisitive, and it doesn’t usually take long for a foal to come up to you. By letting the foal come to you, it will give him more confidence and make the first of my ten steps (facing up) easier.

As they grow, horses have a natural instinct to run away from something they are not sure of, they are flight animals. Flight is their way of solving the problem of fear. When the foal is being born I don’t like to interfere too much. I make sure the bag is off the foals head and allow the mare to stay down and resting as long as possible, to keep the blood flowing through the umbilical cord. The mare will break the cord naturally when she gets up. At this point, before the foal starts scrambling around to get up, it’s a good idea to quietly approach the foal and soak the navel cord with iodine to avoid navel infection which is serious for foals. Let the foal try to get up for the first half hour. If you see the foal tiring, it may be a good time to assist to stop the foal from falling continually. Sometimes you can assist too early and a maiden mare may not bond with her foal as it now has your scent on it. If this happens it may be hard to get them to have the first drink. It is very important for the foal to get colostrum from the mare’s milk which has all the antibodies it needs for a healthy life. Within a couple of hours after the first drink, the foal should

I

t is important not to approach the foal from their rump, and definitely you shouldn’t start handling them from their rump area first. Problems often develop when people start rubbing or scratching a foals rump, usually while they are nursing. Some foals will develop a bad habit of backing up to you for a scratch, even getting cranky when you won’t scratch them. This can lead to the foal kicking out to insist that you scratch them. A foal that has been started this way can become confused, as they associate pleasure at their hind end and pressure at their head. Consequently, they will turn their rump to you when you approach their head to put the halter on. Back with our newborn baby, from my sitting position I reach out my hand and let the foal smell me. Looking for a 1% effort, I then withdraw my hand to encourage the foal to come closer. This is classic advance and retreat training. The more you retreat, the more they will advance - which builds their confidence. When I am happy they have accepted me, I start touching the foal around

the neck, shoulders, down the back and hind quarters, gently stroking down with the hair direction, so they learn to relax, which is very important. Repeat this from the other side. The horse has two sides to their brain and they need so see you on both sides to accept you. If you only handle the foal from one side, they only learn to accept you on that side. For example, many horses only lead well from the near side, as they have not taught to do so from the off side. I have found that horses learn to accept training more readily if you change sides every time they give you a 1% effort - when they show the slightest sign or effort that they are relaxing or communicating. e.g. Reaching out to smell you. If you don’t follow the 1% rule, your horse or foal will not understand what you want of him. I don’t like to touch around their head at this stage, not until the foal is totally relaxed and standing still. If you are touching a spot or area and the foal tenses up, persist until the foal relaxes but do not hold them tight or grab them and do not yet attempt to pick up the foals feet. If you are touching the girth area, and the foal relaxes 1%, change sides rather than continuing on that side. At this stage, wait until they thoroughly accept you. This may take a couple of training sessions. If you attempt to pick up feet too soon, the foal will feel immobile and vulnerable and their natural reaction to this sensation might be to snatch their leg away and leave you, and you do not want them to mistakenly learn this. Many older horses are not comfortable with having their legs held, and it is

17


I

t is a good idea to use a stable or small yard with a safe corner to do your initial training in, where a foal can’t get his legs caught up. Have a helper hold the mare on a halter just a few feet away from the foal. It is important that the foal is facing the mare while you are doing the early training so he feels secure.

far preferable to teach horses to learn to stand for the farrier or to have their hooves picked out when they are young, but first they need to learn to stand still. We do not want to teach our baby horse anything bad, so we won’t jump forward to more complicated things just yet. It is important to make sure they are comfortable and relaxed when you touch their leg all over, before attempting to pick up their foot.

Firstly, you need to train the foal to walk forward by placing your arms in a cradle position around them (in front of their chest and behind their rump), taking care not to hold tightly. I make a verbal clicking sound as a signal for the foal to move forward. If they don’t move, I gently move my arms

to handle the foal all over. Without a second handler it is important to use the corner, as a timid foal will try and back away and this may cause you to grab them, teaching them to be wary of you and stay away. At this stage still keep your arm around their chest, but do not hold them tight. Touch them all over and down their legs. Sometimes when touching the foals legs they will try and pick their leg up and move it away from your hand. Do not hold it up, just rub the leg until the foal puts it down. The foal must learn that touching the leg is not the signal to pick it up. This will be beneficial later when you need to wash, bandage or treat a cut on his leg. This technique will also make it much

B

ack to our young newborn, my next step would be to slowly put my arm around my foals chest and the other arm around the hind quarters and pick the foal up. They normally struggle a little but I will wait for him to relax and then lower them down and rub them all over. Repeat the same procedure on the other side. Keep picking up the foal until it totally relaxes in your arms. This is very beneficial as you can control the foal if it has a cut, needs worming, or requires veterinary attention.

A

foal can produce a lot of adrenaline if hurt and will really fight to survive.

Should a newborn or very young foal require veterinary treatment, if you follow my handling procedure, they will be much less frightened and much easier to control. Until they can be properly halter trained and learn to yield to pressure, putting a halter on a foal too early will probably result in a headstrong foal who will fight rather than yield. While a young foal can easily be restrained by holding the halter firmly, they will feel pressured. As it is natural for them to run away from any sort of pressure, they can easily hurt themselves by running backwards, rearing up and flipping over. Even with a quiet foal, holding onto the halter to handle them will make them resentful. As the foal grows and gets stronger, you will find him harder to control.

18

forward, putting a gentle pressure on their rump but leaving a slightly open space between my arm and their chest to encourage them to step forward into the space. Once they have given a 1% effort, and this may mean that the first time you ask them all they do is rock forward, stop pushing and reward them with a rub, then change sides and repeat what you have just done. When they have learned the sound to step forward, teach them to take a step backwards. Simply say ‘back’ and push back with your arm on their chest, remembering the 1% rule, and change sides. This handling can be started in the first week. Now you have your foal walking forward and backing up, the next stage is to back your foal into a safe corner. This will give you a free hand to be able

easier to load the foal on a float if the mare has to go back to stud before the foal is weaned. It’s a good idea to give your foal a little trip in the float while it’s still on its mother if the mother floats well, to give them confidence when travelling.

H

ow to load a foal on a float and transport it safely is a subject for another article. There is a whole chapter devoted to it in my book, and plenty of information to help you in my Foal Handling DVD, which is available for sale on my website - www. johnchatterton.com.au. This article should give you a good start with handling a newborn foal. To cover more advanced foal handling we will be publishing another article here on how to halter train your foal.


www.johnchatterton.com.au

john@johnchatterton.com.au

19


Film & Tric k Tra ining Available TRICKS AND BEHAVIOURS

AVAILABLE TRAINING PACKAGES

BRONZE Level: ‘smile’ (lip up) / ‘yes’ (head nod) / ‘no’ (head shake) / head down / ‘count’ (paw ground) / nudge.

(HORSES ONLY - includes full agistment)

SILVER Level: Bow / ‘go with’ (follow me) / send (horse travel alone from one person to another) / stand on pedestal.

BRONZE: Your choice of 3 x Bronze Level Behaviours - $500 SILVER: Your choice of 5 x Bronze &/or Silver Level Behaviours - $1,000

GOLD Level: Lie Down / kneel / sit up / look back / look away /chase ball.

GOLD: Your choice of 7 x Bronze, Silver &/or Gold Level Behaviours - $2,000

PLATINUM Level: Retrieve (hold & carry) / rear / liberty.

PLATINUM: Fully Trained Liberty Horse (Horse performs multiple behaviours off lead - 3 months training) - $POA

NOTE – Some behaviour’s are subject to individual animal suitability. Conditions apply. Enquire for more information.

ANIMALS

All prices are subject to GST

PRIVATE LESSONS ALSO AVAILABLE BY REQUEST.

Horses / Dogs / Pigs / Cows / Goats / Sheep / Donkeys / Camels

PRICES $50 per training session (max 2 sessions per day/5 day week) $60 per wk agistment (Rugging & Feeding – hay only) or $90 per wk agistment (Rugging & Feeding – hard feed & hay) Additional Costs All veterinary, worming and farrier expenses will be charged to owner (plus $20/hr handling fee). Requested extra feed additives will be charged to owner.

Web www.animalsallaround.com | Email zelie.bullen@bigpond.com | Ph 0419 678 048 Area Illinbah Valley, Canungra 4275, QLD.

20


Talk

to

the

Animals

“It requires very little knowledge to care passionately about animals.  It requires a great deal of understanding to care properly for them.” John Webster, Emeritus Professor, Bristol University, UK

bAK dOzHEA femnp A nimal training enhances the way we live with animals, it increases the rewards humans and animals get from each other, it helps us bridge the gap between species and enables us to live together in harmony.

M

any animals, particularly dogs, are turned into shelters and destroyed each year because they are “out of control” or because they have “bad behaviour”. Alternatively many animals end up in neglectful circumstances for the same reasons. Who’s fault is that? Not the animals, without education, how can they be expected to know what is acceptable and what is not? Our very best “Actors horse”, who also happens to be my best trick riding horse, came to me cheaply from a sale yard as a 2yr old after having broken a vertebrae in his neck flipping over backwards when getting loaded onto a truck. Training is a combination of understanding, ‘reading’ an animal, timing, trust and experience. Trainers must be patient. There is no magical way to achieve the rapport we see between trainer and animal. It takes time to develop and involves trust, developed over time. We need to be firm leaders yet use gentleness, praise and reward. Interaction equals learning. Any time you are with an animal, you are in fact training him, whether you realize that or not. It is important to realise that animal language is predominately body language, they are reading our every move and every mood. As animal trainers we need to be able to speak animal language which is a series of constant subtle cues. We need to be able to assess their emotional states,

moods and varied personalities. (Working big cats are a very good example of this.) Lions and tigers are not animals to make mistakes with, and yet working each of these breeds is quite different. Lions as big and strong as they are need understanding and patience. They are a pride animal who need to socialise and show affection. They are a straight forward animal who show their emotions outwardly. When they are thinking ‘good’ or ‘bad’ thoughts it is easy for all to see. Tigers however are cunning and sneaky. They too must be treated with kindness and fairness but reading their body language is very different from that of a lion. Tigers are a lone animal and as they do not have the support of hunting in groups they are accustomed to taking their prey by surprise. Cheetah’s are our personal favourite out of the big cats. To work with them is more like a being around a giant labrador dog than a big cat. Time and time again we are forever grateful for our continued experiences with them.

R

arely do we get the luxury of using the same training method and the same rate of training for any 2 animals. We use many different training methods depending on the breed of animal, the individual animals personality, the situation involved and the desiredw behaviour. Wherever possible we work with the animal’s natural instincts and combined them with both classical and operant conditioning.

.....TO BE CONT’D NEXT MONTH

Due to increasing demand we have decided to open our front gates to train privately owned animals. Although we love to travel and value our experiences, this new opportunity will give us the chance to stay at home more and enjoy our own animals too ;-) We look forward to meeting you and your special friends.

Zelie Craig & Colt www.animalsallround.com 21


What’s On Calendar Polocrosse

www.polocrosse.com.au www.seqpolocrosse.org.au Cunningham 6 & 7th August Reciprocal State Visit 13 & 14th August Galloping Gully Warwick Rosebowl 20 & 21st August Qld State Championships Chinchilla

2 - 4th Sept

LT S U S E R D CUP L R O W South Africa emerged victorious against Zimbabwe to win the Two Rivers Technology 2011 Polocrosse World Cup.

Zimbabwe fought to the bitter end but South Africa played brilliantly in the last few chukkas to build themselves a lead and eventually win 29-18. The English weather managed to provide some unfamiliar conditions for the two African countries contesting the final with some heavy rain showers turning some parts of the pitch into mud which tested the skills of the players and the horses to the limit. South Africa showed they were more than equal to the challenge though as they barely missed a single ball on the ground and passed the ball around with such speed and accuracy that Zimbabwe couldn’t quite keep up as the match entered the latter stages.

Final results: World Champions - South Africa Runner Up - Zimbabwe 3rd Place - Australia 22


Th

g n i n n i e Beg

of Masters Polocrosse Competition for Queenslanders. In 1997 the 6th Australian Masters Games was held in Canberra and the Hall Polocrosse Club hosted the Polocrosse competition. A group of Queenslanders decided it would be a good idea to travel down and participate. The age group for the master’s polocrosse at this stage was over 40 years. The opening ceremony for the Australian Masters was held outside parliament house. The competitors marched across the bridge over Lake Burley Griffin and then down to Parliament house where a very large party was held with 5000 competitors and friends. The Queensland team called themselves the Red Devils and played in the final against the Hall Warriors to be defeated by 1 goal. A great time was had by one and all and the word spread quickly through Queensland about masters polocrosse and what a great time could be had. The Honda Masters Games had been held in Alice Springs prior to this but a team from Queensland had not travelled over and competed. From this 1st team travelling down to Australian Masters in Canberra, masters polocrosse has expanded for Queenslanders and competitions are now held at NSW & QLD Zone Championships, Australian Polocrosse Nationals, Australian Masters Games and the Pan Pacific Masters games. Clubs are also starting to hold masters competitions. In 1998 the Gold Coast City won the bid to host the Asia Pacific Masters Games for the next ten years. These were to be held every second year. The then Queensland Polocrosse President, Mr Terry McKinnon and the Asia Pacific Masters Games signed an agreement for Polocrosse to be one of the sports played at the Asia Pacific Games. The Gold Coast Polocrosse Club Inc. would host the polocrosse. So in 1998 the 1st Official Masters Polocrosse competition in Queensland was held at the Gold Coast. The Asia Pacific Masters Polocrosse in 1998 was attended by 13 teams. All players had to be over 40 years of age and it was an open competition only. Polocrosse competitors were from Queensland, New South Wales, Northern Territory and Victoria. In 2000 the Asia Pacific Masters Games on the Gold Coast was attended by 17 teams with the age groups being open over 40 years and open over 50 years. In 2002 The Asia Pacific Masters Games was to be attended by 23 teams and the over 40 year’s women’s competition was introduced. In 2004 the Masters on the Gold Coast was to be taken over by the Pan Pacific Masters games and it was agreed that Polocrosse would still be involved. Thirty Five teams competed. 7 Women’s over 40 years, 10 open over 50 years and 18 open over 40 years. Players travelled from New Zealand, Tasmania, NSW, Qld, N.T and Victoria. In 2006 18 teams attended the Pan Pacific Masters Games. 10 open over 40’s, 4 open over 50’s and 4 women’s over 40 years. The numbers were down due to the Australian Nationals Polocrosse Championships being held at Camden in October and maybe the 11 inches of rain from 2004 may have played on everyone’s minds. In 2008 16 teams attended the Pan Pacific Masters Games. 2010 due to inclement weather the grounds on the Gold Coast were unplayable, the event was then transferred to Warwick for the weekend. If you are over 40 years and would like to play the next Pan Pacific Masters Games will be held on the Gold Coast, November 2012.

GO

EN QUE

SLA

R!! E D N

!

23


What’s On Calendar Pony/Riding/Driving Clubs August 2011 September 2011 Fassifern Vaulting CVI* & CVI**

6 & 7th Aug

Zone 2 Official Horse Trials C/Ships

6 & 7th Aug

Contact: Darryn Fedrick Ph: (07) 5463 5267 Email: dmfedrick@bigpond.com Tallebudgeera Pony Club Contact: Aimee Sheedy E: secretary@tallebudgeraponyclub.com

GCHCC Whip & Wheel Online

Contact: Robin Burren 55 446 474

Kooralbyn PC Open Sporting

14th August

Logan Village - Open Jumping

14th August

Contact: Katrina Morrow Mobile: 0400 436 867 email: canungraponyclub@gmail.com Contact: Sarah Craddock Mobile: 0427 812 918 Email: lvrc@ecn.com.au Web: www.loganvillageridingclub.org.au

21st August

Contact: Darryn Fedrick Ph: (07) 5463 5267 Email: dmfedrick@bigpond.com

Tallebudgera PC Gymkhana

ZONE 2 Official Dressage & CT

Mudgeeraba Pony Club Grounds Contact: 042 887 793

Oxenford PC Senior Riders Sporting

11th Sept

Tallebudgera S/jumping Equitation

17th Sept

Tallebudgera PC Showjumping

18th Sept

Nerang PC Unoffi Dressage & CT

24th Sept

Cedar Creek Open Sporting

25th Sept

Tamborine PC Showjumping

25th Sept

Contact: Russlee Lynch M 0414 673 578 Web: www.myoxenfordponyclub.com

Contact: 0430 794 749 Email: tallebudgera@pcaq.asn.au

Contact: 0430 794 749 Email: tallebudgera@pcaq.asn.au

21st August

Contact: Dianne McIntyre 0416 221 332 E: sercretary@nerangponyclub.com

27th & 28th Aug

Contact: Jean Evans 0413 399 309 Email: jeanevans58@y7.mail.com

CGDRC - Associate Dressage

28th August

Tamborine Pony Club - Gymkkhana

28th August

RNA Pony Club Showjumping

20th August

Contact Kristen Heffernan 5546 4410 / 0404 071 123 Email: kristen@safetyequip.com.au

Contact: Christina Smith Ph: 5546 3171 Email: tamborineponyclub@hotmail.com

24

Contact: Robin Burren 55 338 239

21st August

Contact:Kristen Heffernan 5546 4410 / 0404 071 123 Email:kristen@safetyequip.com.au Contact: Aimee Sheedy E: secretary@tallebudgeraponyclub.com Web: www.tallebudgeraponyclub.com

10th Sept

GCHCC Dressage/Driving Skills/ Novelties 11th Sept

Canungra PC Gymkhana

CGDRC - Associate Dressage

4th Sept

8th August 13th August

Fassifern PC Gymkhana

www

Contact: Cherly Harris 55 446 474 Email: khpcinc@hotmail.com

Waterford PC Open Sporting

Contact: Secretary Robin Burren

PRARG Assoc.Dressage

Contact: Lindal Binch 3297 5759 Email: prarginc@iprimus.com.au Web: www.prarg.com

Contact: Christina Smith 55 436 171 Email: tamborineponyclub@hotmail.com


Age:

17 years

Club:

Nerang Pony Club

Horse Details: Rumbo 15yr old Bay Thoroughbred Stockhorse x Quarter Horse

Beatle 6yr old Bay Thoroughbred Apro 22yr old Appaloosa

How Long Have You Been Riding:

13 Years.

How Long Have You Had These Horses:

Rumbo for 12 years. Beatle for 1 year. Apro for 8 years.

How Did You Become Involved In Horses: My mother had been riding long before I was born and when I was born I was always around horses. Mother got me my first pony when I was 5 years old. Highlights: My team “Dangerous Divas” placing 2nd at The Ned Two Hill Beauhaven Teams Challenge last year. Placing at PCAQ state Sporting and Gymkhana. It was an honour being in the Gold Coast Show Night Production of “Phar Lap – Legend to the Nation”. Goals: To compete at PCAQ state Sporting and Gymkhana this year successfully. I would like to start doing Showjumping at Mudgeeraba Show and Gold Coast Show. Also I would like to get my mother’s horse, Beatle, jumping boldly and calmly. My Favourite Things about Riding: The best thing about Pony Club is the competitive yet friendly environment. The group of people I started riding with at Gymkhanas at the age of 5 still compete today. We remain great friends and still compete against each other every now and again. You form great friendships with the people at Pony Club. It is a great way to begin riding confidently with the support of your friends. Favourite Sporting Team: Favourite Food:

Saint Kilda Football Club

Mushrooms and Onions. Is that a bit weird?

Although I may not get lessons with these people every week they have helped me so much with my horses. Rumbo is not the easiest of horses and these instructors really helped me get through to him. I would not be where I am in riding without you.

Artwork by Smart Design

Mentors: Travis Templar, Merrick Ubank, Anthony Murray, Jaime Reid, Rebecca Harris and I cannot forget my mother (she is a gem).

25


Contacts Pony/Riding/Driving Clubs Cedar Creek Pony Club PRESIDENT: Jean Evans M: 0413 399 304 E: jeanevans58@y7mail.com

Nerang Pony Club SECRETARY: Dianne McIntyre M: 0416 221 332 E: secretary@nerangponyclub.com

Chambers Flat Pony Club SECRETARY: Lisa Broadbent P: 07 5547 8003 E: chambersflat@pcaq.asn.au

Oxenford Pony Club PRESIDENT: Russell Lynch M: 0414 673 578 W: www.myoxenfordponyclub.com

Currumbin & District Horse Club SECRETARY: Kirsten Stanford E: secretary@cdhc.com.au W: www.cdhc.com.au

Park Ridge Adult Riding Group SECRETARY: Jeannine Gregor P: 55 478 910 W: www.prarg.com

Gold Coast & Hinterland Equest Group Inc SECRETARY: Brigitte Bennett M: 0407 971 188 E: dbperformancehorses@hotmail.com

Gold Coast Horse & Carriage Club Inc. SECRETARY: Robin Burren P: 07 5533 8239 E: vrburren@bigpond.com

Runcorn Pony Club SECRETARY: Tracy Mills W: www.runcornponyclub.org.au

Greenbank Pony Club SECRETARY: Jodi Warnick P: 07 3200 0728 E: greenbank@pcaq.asn.au

Southport Pony Club SECRETARY: Jennifer Schofield M: 0457 759 209 W: www.southportponyclub.com.au

Jimboomba Pony Club Vice President: Sandy Baker W: www.jimboombaponyclub.com.au

Tallebudgera Pony Club SECRETARY: Aimee Sheedy E: secretary@tallebudgeraponyclub.com W: www.tallebudgeraponyclub.com

Jimboomba & Districts Pleasure Drivers SECRETARY: Julie Hardie P: 07 5465 1553 E: jha880370@bigpond.net.au Logan Village Riding Club PRESIDENT: Sarah Craddock M: 0427 812 918 W: www.loganvillageridingclub.com Mudgeeraba Pony Club SECRETARY: Liz Lloyd M: 0451 167 131 E: mponyclub@hotmail.com NADEC TREASURER: Gayle Blums M: 0409 287 780 W: www.nadec.net.au

26

Park Ridge Pony Club SECRETARY: Judy Clifford P 07 3802 1641 E: jetcliff66@optusnet.com.au

Tweed Heads Pony Club SECRETARY: Tammy Blunsdon M: 0412 655 898 Tweed Valley Equestrian Club SECRETARY: Keighley Leeson M: 0428 536 868 E: keighleymax@hotmail.com Waterford Equestrian & Pony Club SECRETARY: Kirsten Stanford W: www.waterfordponyclub.org.au


27


Arlene Hailston Arlene Hailstone NCAS, Level 1 CAD NCAS, Level Coach 1 CAD Equestrian Equestrian Coach

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Hi Emma Hi   Emma   Sometimes Pushy Pony needs to be reminded  Emma is the Sometimes Pushy Pony needs to be reminded  Emma is the boss. boss.     Most ponies respond to food so feeding ponies treats is a trap Most ponies foodeach so feeding ponies treats is awith trapthem. If you don’t because theyrespond expect to treats time you spend time because expect treats eachwith timetheir you pony spendstrength time with If their you don’t producethey a treat they will search and them. can lose pony produce treat can’t they find will search with theirtopony strength and can their pony temper ifa they one! This leads problems handling onlose the ground. temper if they can’t find while one! This leads to problems handling the ground. Seek some help Emma leading your pony so he does notonlearn to pull you Seek some help Emma while leading your pony so he does not learn to pullIfyou in the direction he wants to go. Use a bridle so you will have more control. this in the direction he wants to go. Use a bridle so you will have more control. If this problem occurs while bringing your pony in to stable him for the evening, try problem occurs while bringing your pony in to stable him for the evening, try taking him to his stable first and then feeding him. taking him to his stable first and then feeding him.

Happy saddles :)    Happy saddles :)   

Hi Sarah’s mum. Hi AsSarah’s parentsmum. we are all cautious when our children first come off the lead. The As parentsof we are all cautious when our children firstsmacking come off end the lead. The thought ‘steady pony’ taking off when shown the of a crop thought of ‘steady pony’ taking off when shown the smacking end of a crop would come to mind. would to mind. If you come are a rider yourself you could introduce the crop to your pony and teach Ifhim youtoarenot a rider could crop to pony and pony’s teach breakyourself back toyou walk fromintroduce the trot the by using theyour crop on the him to notYoung break children back to walk fromtothe the to crop on thebalance pony’s shoulder. learning ridetrot findbyitusing difficult maintain shoulder. Young children learning find it difficult to maintain balance and steering using the crop behind to theride girth. and steering using the crop behind the girth. If you are not a rider, steady pony will need to be introduced to the crop. If youponies are notpay a little rider,attention steady pony will need introduced to athe crop. Some and others havetoa be memory flash to previous Some ponies payand littlebecome attention and others haveofathis memory flash a previous moment/owner nervous. Because it is best to to introduce the moment/owner become Because this it istobest introduce the crop while thereand is no rider nervous. on the pony. Holdofthe crop thetopony’s shoulder crop while there is no the rider on to thegopony. HoldOnce the crop the are pony’s shoulder and lightly tap asking pony forward. a fewtosteps taken reward and lightly tap asking the pony to go forward. Once a few steps are taken reward your pony. your Nowpony. this may seem like a long winded answer to your question but remember Now may seem like long winded safetythis is paramount anda in most cases answer we are to notyour onlyquestion coachingbut theremember rider but safety is paramount and in most cases we are not only coaching the rider but training the pony as well. training the pony as to well. Sarah should learn carry the crop while riding before putting it to use. This Sarah learn to in carry the crop whilearea. riding before putting it to use. This shouldshould be performed a safely enclosed should be performed in a safely enclosed area. While some palomino horses/ponies are a lovely golden colour with silver While palomino are ashades lovelyingolden colour with silver manessome and tails, there horses/ponies are many various between (dilutes). Many manes and tails, there are many various shades in between (dilutes). Many palominos carry a smutting gene which is a sooty appearance to the coat, not palominos carry a smutting gene which is a sooty appearance to the coat, not ideal if showing. ideal if showing. Feeding for colour is a lot of trial and error. What works for one may not Feeding forwork colour a lot of Feeds trial and What are works for one may not necessary forisanother. higherror. in protein known to affect the necessary work for another. Feeds high in protein are known to affect the palomino coat colour so it is recommended not to feed large amounts of lucerne. palomino coatand colour so chaff it is recommended to feed largeisamounts of lucerne. Meadow hay white with lucerne asnot a supplement a better alternative. Meadow hay and white chaff with lucerne as a supplement is a better alternative. Molasses, livermol, linseed and sunflower seeds are also not recommended Molasses, livermol, linseed sunflower seedshas arebeen also used not recommended as these may contribute to and smutting. Pumpkin to successfully asenhance these may contribute to smutting. Pumpkin has been used to these successfully the palomino coat colour. Like all new foods introduced should enhance the palomino coat colour. Like all new foods introduced these should be done gradually. The sun will bleach the coat so a combo rug is recommended be gradually. will bleach the coat so a combo rug is recommended to done maintain colourThe andsun shine. toAccess maintain colour and shine. to quality feed, good grazing and clean water should result in a healthy Access to quality feed, goodcoat. grazing and of clean waterheating shouldgrains result to in aa healthy pony with a lovely glossy Beware feeding pony as pony with a lovely glossy coat. Beware of feeding heating grains to pony as these can cause overweight and founder. It also turns them into little amonsters! these can cause overweight and founder. It also turns them into little monsters!


a set of Braided

Reins

Donated by Wynmah Pony Stud

Simply solve the word puzzle. The questions spell the name of a horse breed. Write your answer next to each question and then enter the circled letter into the answer box!

1. Name a treat your pony loves: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 2. A high level movement in dressage: ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

3. Name a competitive riding disciplin: ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

4. What do horses drink?: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 5. A baby horse?: ___ ___ ___ ___ does your pony wear on ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 6. What : his legs when travelling?: 7. Horse sport played with sticks: 8. A male horse:

___ ___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

9. A piece of equipment used to clean your stable: ___ ___ ___ ___

CONGRATULATIONS TO last months winner:

Emma Hurley from Wongawallan With the answer: Clydesdale For your chance to win, send through your answer along with all of your contact details to

info@gclhorsemag.com.au

1

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T

he Story of Harry .........

I own Yatala Produce and I was a bit wary of horses, which doesn’t help when you are delivering feed and a lot of times there are horses around you. I decided to get myself a horse to build up my confidence. So Harry came home and like Amanda said a grumpy old man but I loved him none

the less, I did some natural horsemanship with him and he slowly came around he just needed someone to love him as I did. He is still grumpy some days but never nasty towards me or my family so Sir Prince Harry now gets the title of THE BEST PONY IN THE PADDOCK along side his Girlfriend Myah and his mate Whiskey. Harry is 26 this year so we gave him a Birthday Party with all the trimmings he deserves it. We had pony platters and a very special cake that Harry Myah & Whiskey just loved. I hope my boy will be here with me for a long time to come. For every Horse out there there is a loving forever home I am just very grateful to Amanda ‘Save a Horse Australia’ for saving him.

Artwork by Smart Design

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appy Birthday Harry - We love you!!

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P h o to C om p e t i t i o n Congratulations to Rachael Winner of Best Sporting Photo

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YATALA PRODUCE 3rd Place

1st Place August Edition entries close 12th August

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Email thru your images to donna@localhorsemagazine.com.au

31


Microchipping

permanent identification for more than dogs and cats

Most of us know about the benefits of Microchipping our dogs and cats to permanently identify them. Microchipping is the most effective way to ensure them being returned to you quickly should our companion animals stray or be stolen. But did you know microchipping is not just for cats and dogs? The same benefits can be extended to horses and valuable items such as saddles. Joanne Parkes from Gold Coast Mobile Microchipping tells us about microchipping horses and saddles.

take it to Pony Club and compete at any events (including gymkhanas and hack days) you may need it in the future. The 15 digit microchip number your horse is given is unique in the world and provides undisputable and permanent identification. Further, even if your horse does not compete in these events, microchipping him/her can offer you that peace of mind they are permanently identified should they be stolen or stray.

Where do you put the chip?

Yes it probably is, but did you know there is NO nation-wide brand register? There is NO easy way to link the brand to the owner and it can take days to get this info from the relevant authorities. Also consider brands can be altered or obliterated. Your horses microchip number is unique in the world and it can’t be easily removed.

Horses are implanted into the nuchal ligament on the left side of the neck, midway between the poll and wither. The procedure is virtually painless and once implanted the chip is impossible to remove without surgery. The chips we implant are the same as those used for dogs and cats, they meet ALL Australian Standards (including those of the EFA and PCAQ). They can be read by any microchip scanner, are tamper proof and have a life of more than 20 years. Animal pounds, shelters, vets and sale yards will have a scanner which can retrieve the microchip number which is held on a National database with the owners details. The Microchip inserted into a saddle is the same as that used for animals such as dog’s, cats and horses. For English saddles the chip is normally inserted behind the knee roll, that way it isn’t lost if the saddle is re-flocked. For stock or western saddles chips are inserted in different places depending on the saddle design. The saddles microchip number effectively becomes a serial number and is stored in our database and provided to police or insurance companies if an enquiry is made after the item has been reported stolen. For saddles (and other valuable items) we also provide a certificate of identification to keep with your records which includes a photograph of the item. Once inserted into a saddle it is almost impossible to remove the chip without doing significant damage to the saddle.  If your stolen saddle is recovered it is a simple matter of having it scanned (any vet or shelter will have a scanner but for our clients where possible we will travel to the item and scan it for you free of charge) and matching the numbers to prove ownership.

Do I need to microchip my horse? The answer to this is maybe! Unlike dogs and cats, microchipping of horses is not compulsory State wide. However the EFA and PCAQ as well as most breed and sport societies require horses to be microchipped and not just branded before they can be registered or compete at official events. While your pleasure horse may not need to be chipped right now, if you intend to

But it’s already branded?

I think my horse was microchipped during the Equine Influenza (EI) outbreak? Yes, that could true. Many horses in Queensland were microchipped when they were vaccinated against EI. This was considered an easy and effective way to identify horses who had been vaccinated. However, the owner’s details were not automatically put on a database. GCMM can scan your horse to obtain the microchip number and arrange for the microchip to be registered on the National Pet Register with your contact details. Lawfully, we can’t microwwchip your horse with a second microchip.

What if my horse is stolen or goes missing? Every year hundreds of horses find a way out of their paddock through no fault of their owners. Even more tragically, during natural disasters such as floods or bushfires many horses are displaced, lost or grouped together for safety. In these situations a microchip can help your horse find its way home as quickly as possible. All of our chips are registered with the National Pet Register (http://www.petregister.com.au/) a nation-wide database that complies with strict data keeping and storage regulations. NPR have a 24 hour a day hotline, and all animal shelters and welfare agencies scan stray animals (including horses) and check the register when they try to reunite lost animals with their owners. In reality it can take just minutes for them to identify who the horse belongs to and be on the phone to you giving you peace of mind that it is safe. If your horse is stolen its identity can be proven very quickly. As most NLIS readers (used for identification of cattle) will read a microchip, most saleyards will also scan horses and may match them to the owners name and details. This can further reduce the chance of your horse being sold on without your knowledge.

cont’d over

32


Microchipping cont’d....... What if my saddle is stolen? As with any stolen item, it is important you report it to the relevant authorities immediately. In this case you also provide details of the microchip number (just like you would the VIN number on a car) as well as where it is implanted, how it can be read and how to get in touch with us. Whilst we enjoy a good relationship with the police we cannot be sure each investigating officer knows where and how to find the chip so it is important you give them this information in your report. If the item is located or you believe someone has or is trying to sell your saddle proof of ownership takes no more than a few seconds. Typically insurance agencies may provide a discount for identified items.

Where are the saddle records held? Gold Coast Mobile Microchipping store the records in a secure and independently backed up database. Our record keeping is done in a similar way to the national databases that store animals records. In most cases requests for information from the owner, police or insurance companies can be dealt with within 24 hours (faster in an emergency) and there is no cost for the retrieval of information once the chip is implanted. 

 What if I sell or give away the saddle? Change of ownership forms are provided with your certificate on implanting. If we receive signed notification FROM THE REGISTERED OWNER that the saddle has changed hands we will issue a new certificate to the new owner (what a great selling point when selling your unwanted saddle) and change the details in our database.

How much does it cost? Depending on how many animals/items there are and where you live it can be as little as $30 (one off payment no ongoing rego fees) ask us for a quote. Gold Coast Mobile Microchipping are available to attend pony club rally days and other horse events to provide Microchipping of horses and saddles. Discuss with us how clubs can you use this as a fund raiser. Joanne can be contacted on 0425 265 165 or email goldcoastmobilemicrochipping@skymesh.com.au their website is http://gcmobilemicrochipping.webs.com

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What’s On Calendar Show Jumping www.qld.equestrian.org.au

August 2011 Toowoomba World Cup Jumping

4th to 7th August

Toowoomba Showgrounds Contact: Graeme Watts 0422 263 351

TDSJC - Hunter Trial 13th August Contact: Kathy Humphrey Email: info@tdsjc.com.au

Logan Village - Open Jumping 14th August Contact: Sarah Craddock Mobile: 0427 812 918 Email: lvrc@ecn.com.au Web: www.loganvillageridingclub.org.au

St Aidens Showjumping 14th August Moggill Pony Club Contact: Barb McDermott 0414 624 479

Brisbane World Cup Jumping 17th August Brisbane Exhibition Grounds EKKA Horse Schedule: www.rna.org.au/media/303723/2011-horse-schedule.pdf

RNA Pony Club Showjumping 20th August Caboolture World Cup Jumping 21st August Caboolture Showgrounds

September 2011 Greenbank PC Showjumping 11th September NADEC Jumping 11th September Contact: Lyal Walker 0417 644 881 Email: lyalwalker@dodo.com.au

Tallebudgera Showjumping Equitation

17th September

Contact: 0430 794 749 Email: tallebudgera@pcaq.asn.au

Tallebudgera PC Showjumping 18th September Contact: 0430 794 749 Email: tallebudgera@pcaq.asn.au

Tamborine PC Showjumping 25th September Contact: Email:

34


Starting a Show Jumping Career Anthony Murray & Ellie Pajovic

Part V: Progressing with Jumping Your Horse In the last article we focused on jumping the horse for the first time and progressed to linking up two simple jumps. Once confident and comfortable with this task it is time to move on... Until now we have focused on two parts to training for show  jumping: improving flat work and improving the jump. From here on we  can  train in three parts:  improving  the flat work, training for jumping a course and gymnastic jumping (also known as grid work).

Flat Work: As mentioned before, always start your  jumping sessions paying careful attention to improving the horse’s  flat work.  Whilst  warming your horse up include lots of suppling exercises. A horse that is soft and flexible laterally through its body, will in turn become more flexible vertically through its body. Use circles,  changes of  rein, trot poles and canter rails (see article 4). Another useful exercise at this stage is to make up a basic show jumping course, beginning with just single poles on the ground instead of jumps. Practice getting between the poles as you intend to once the jumps are up, working on your line, length and rhythm (see article 2). Also, if your horse is capable ask for a flying change over the pole if required for a correct change of rein. Work on getting a decent length of (and in turn number of) strides between poles which have been set up for a related distance (three to seven horse strides apart) either on a straight or curved line (sometimes referred to as a dog leg).  When practicing for a double (one or two non-jumping strides between two fences) or treble (one or two nonjumping strides between three fences), you will have to start using jumps. The travel of the horse over the poles on the ground will not account enough for the take off and landing distance that a jump would. 

will vary how much space is provided between fences in related distances and combinations. This variation can be put down to a few different reasons: • The type of  ‘going’ (which refers  to how the ground is).  If it is hard, soft, slippery, uneven  or  the  jumping area is on a  slight gradient etc  it will change how the horse travels between fences. • The type of surface. Whether it is grass or sand etc. For example, sand it makes it more dead or heavier to jump out of also changing how the horse travels. • How technical  and demanding the course builder wants to make the jumps and course. • The size of the jumping area and so  how much room there is to travel in the area provided. • The height and width of the fences • The estimated level of competitor ability the course is aimed at all come into the equation, to name just a few factors. Also course designers may vary in how much room they offer depending on  whether  the distance is between up upright fences or spreads or from one to another. Generally a vertical fence requires the horse to sit up a little more to make a tighter arc over the fence and so may involve a little more ‘collecting’ on the approaching stride compared to a spread where an extension over the fence is required. Therefore, it is important that we develop a knowledge of our horse’s natural length of stride, so when walking the course we can assess whether or not we may need to ask our horse to lengthen or shorten its stride between any jumps. This is also why our horse must be easily adjustable within its stride.  We often set up our arena something similar to below as it gives a variety of different jumping combinations to practice over. Always make sure the jumps can be safely approached from both directions.  

It is important we train over these types of distances between fences at home as these will come up in shows.  Improving the horse’s ability to increase and decrease the length of its stride as required (see article 2) will prove very useful once competing.  At home we can set the distances to suit our horse, but course builders

cont’d over 35


Jumping for a course: Now make the poles on the ground into jumps. The horse should feel fairly confident over them after using the poles on the ground. Familiarity generally leads to confidence in the minds of horses. As with the poles on the ground, try setting up two jumps at a related distance, for example  seven horse strides apart. Try  asking the horse to lengthen its canter so it makes the distance in six strides or shorten the canter to make the distance in eight.  Start adding some fill to the sides then under the jumps too. Before asking the horse to jump anything that may be potentially scary, show it to the horse, preferable getting it close enough to give it a sniff and back this up with positive encouragement. Make the horse feel that it is a good place to be when it is near the ‘scarey’ fill. We achieve this with a good pat and a relaxed attitude from the rider. Below are a few images of types of jumps that can be found at a competition.  Include a variety of styles of jump into your training to prepare the horse for what it may come across out and about.

Ascending (right) softer in front so more inviting  

                                                                   

Swedish:(left) a bit

off putting for the rider                                                        

            

Square (right) tougher, less margin for error and asks more from horse to use itself in front at first

 

Other types of Jumps Solid Planks

Cross rail (above):  Keeps your horse straight and encourages shoulder movement  

                          

                                    

Planks with Gaps

Water Jump

Vertical / Straight bar (above & left): Encourages your horse to rock back on it’s hocks and sit up for the jump.

Oxer / Spread / Parellel: asks for more stretch and extension through the air eg.

Ascending (left) softer in front so more inviting  

NB. All ground rails should be at least six inches in front of the jump. It is important we practice our lines of jumps between two to three obstacles, but also a whole course. We should train to achieve and maintain a fitness and stamina level required to happily jump a course of jumps and if necessary go straight into a jump off. For example, in the case of a class run to AM7 rules, after a clear round in the first course the bell is rung and the jump off proceeds immediately. To read previous articles referred to within this issue, please visit www.localhorsemagazine.com.au for the online version

36

cont’d next month Gymnastic Jumping


Build your skills over a yearly programme to be confident on the ground and in the saddle. Learning different equine disciplines each month: Horse Care, Natural Horsemanship, Bareback Riding, Dressage, Jumping, Polocrosse, Campdrafting, Trail Riding, Troop Drill, Musical Riding.

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Revolution for Cats


What’s on Calendar Showing/Agricultural August 2011 Pine Rivers Show 5th - 7th Aug pinerivershow@acenet.net.au www.pineriversshow.org.au

Ekka 11th- 20th Aug www.ekka.com.au

Canungra Show 27th Aug www.canungrashowsociety.org Contact: Shona 0414 676 787 Email: canungrashowsociety@gmail.com

September 2011 Gold Coast Show 2nd & 4th Sept www.goldcoastshow.com.au

Beaudesert Show 9th 7 10th Sept Contct: Sue Ferguson 5541 4037 Email: secretary@beaudesertshow.com.au Web: www.beaudesertshwo.org.au

Qld Pinto State Championships 11th Sept Caboolture Showgrounds or phone (07) 5498 6815 Emai: qldpintos@gmail.com Web: www.queenslandpintos.com

Beenleigh Show 16th & 17th Sept Contact: Secretary 3807 1871 Web: www.beenleigh.countryshows.com.au

Qld Country Hack Championships

17th & 18th Sept

Maryborough

Tamborine Mt Show 24th & 25th Sept www.tamborinemtnshow.com.au

October 2011 Palouse State Show 9th October Indoor Wallon Email: carapalida@bigpond.com Web: http://bcpalouseponyassoc.webs.com

The Arabian Horse Breeders Alliance Showcase - Equitana

10th November

10am Sydney Showgrounds www.arabianhorsebreedersalliance.com www.equitana.com.au Bay, 16hh, 6yo, TB, Gelding Sire: Encosta De Largo Palouse Champagne Halter Classic 20th November

38

QT is a stunning looking an flash moving horse who would make Email: carapalida@bigpond.com it to Royal Show level in hacking. Web: http://bcpalouseponyassoc.webs.com However he can also jump and would make a great all rounder. Training canter/ walk, walk/canter and laterals on the flat. He is dead quiet, has been to half a dozen comp/outings & has been well behaved. Will be a promising horse to whoever buys him. $9,900. Logan Village, QLD. Phone 0409 370 427


Show Horse or Show Hunter Horse? By Arlene Hailstone Accredited Equestrian Queensland Show Horse Judge and past member Oaklands Hunt Club.

With the increasing popularity of the Show Hunter Horse, additional classes are being introduced to Show schedules. The general rule is on the day you must chose to compete as either a Show Horse or Show Hunter Horse, not both. What is the difference?

Show Horse

The Show Horse should possess quality, presence and manners. The horse should travel in a frame with head flexed at the pole, slight elevation and a nicely rounded back. The Show Horse confirmation is one of refinement, sound of wind and limb. Education should be apparent consisting of light contact and a comfortable ride, a pleasure to watch.

Show Hunter Horse

The Show Hunter Horse should possess the same quality, presence, frame and manners as the Show Horse but with the addition of substance, boldness and a rhythmic ground covering stride. The Show Hunter Horse is handsome with correct conformation, straightness and fitness apparent. The horse should display substance, capable of carrying weight in the hunt field therefore bone is a defining factor. Bone is measured by the circumference of the horse’s leg just below the knee. Traditionally the circumference is measured in inches. The Hunter Horse over 15hh should measure a minimum 8 inches of bone. Galloway and Pony Show Hunters over 13hh should not be less than 7 inches. The Pony Show Hunter 13hh & under should contain a similar amount of bone in proportion to their height and shape.

Show Horse Condition and Presentation

Condition should be well rounded, not excessively overweight. The coat should be clean with excessive hair removed. Quarter markers are acceptable. Hooves blackened or oiled. Mane should be plaited, preferably stitched. Tails should be plaited or pulled. False tails are permitted.

Show Hunter Horse Condition and Presentation

Condition is also well rounded but with substance and not overweight. Presentation is similar to that of the Show Horse with quarter markers used to a minimum. The natural marking of the horse are not to be altered.

Show Horse Tack

A natural coloured or black leather straight flap (dressage) show saddle, leathers and girth matching. White girths are permitted. Unobtrusive sheepskin numnah or half pad same colour as the saddle or horses coat. Bridle to be leather, similar or same colour as the saddle with stitching on noseband and brow band optional. Coloured brow bands are permitted and recommended. Bit to be snaffle, simple pelham or bit and bradoon. Canes and whips may be carried.

Show Hunter Horse Tack

A natural coloured leather straight flap show saddle, leathers and girth matching. White girths should not be worn. Unobtrusive sheepskin numnah or half pad same colour as the saddle or horses coat.Bridle to be leather, similar or same colour as the saddle. A plaited top rein is acceptable. Cavesson and brow band to be plain and flat. Bit to be snaffle (if horse 4 yrs and under) simple pelham or bit and bradoon. A crop may be carried. Plain bamboo, plaited or leather covered not exceeding 90cm in length. No tack that conceals the horse’s conformation or items that reveal the identity of the horse or owner.

Dress for Show Horse Rider

Jacket to be fitted, straight cut, double or single vent with optional vest or waistcoat. A collared shirt and tie or ratcatcher and stock. Buttonholes are permitted, usually a small rosette to match browband. Gloves recommended are fawn or cream coloured leather or string, can be matching jacket. Jodhpurs or breeches to be buff, fawn or banana in colour. Boots to be black or brown, junior riders wearing short boots. Approved headwear to the current Australian, European or American safety standard.

Kit for Show Hunter Horse Rider

A fitted tweed jacket, waistcoat if worn to be matching jacket or mustard in colour. Ratcatcher shirt, stock and plain stock pin or collar and tie. Gloves are required to be worn. These can be tan coloured leather or string matching jodhpurs. Jodhpurs or breeches to be buff, fawn or banana in colour, not white. Boots to be black or brown, junior riders wearing short boots. Spurs are permitted; shanks must not exceed 3.5cm in length and point towards rear of horse or downwards with blunt rowels. Approved headwear to the current Australian, European or American safety standard. Generally speaking breeding and type will identify if Show Horse or Show Hunter Horse best suits your trusty steed. HAPPY SADDLES!

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OUT & ABOUT IN THE

WWW.DOWNUNDERPHOTOGRAPHY.CO


GOLD COAST & LOGAN


Squarmous Cell I

a m o n i c r a C

n  Australia, but especially in Queensland  there have been an increased number of younger horses developing eye Carcinoma’s. There are a number of different types but the most common one is Squamous Cell Carcinoma which is caused by the UV rays. Mostly Appaloosa’s, Paints and light coloured horses with pink pigmented skin  will develop  a Squamous Cell Carcinoma,  however; they are not limited to such horses.

S

quamous Cell Carcinoma has been reported to be the second most commonly diagnosed tumor in horses behind the sarcoid and the Squamous Cell Carcinoma has been diagnosed in horses as young as 1 year old. If not diagnosed early, the carcinoma can spread to surrounding tissue which can include the eye and the bone and growths around the eye can spread quickly to the lymph nodes under the jaw which can cause the cancer to spread to other parts of the body internally.

I

n QLD we have the highest rate of “human” skin cancers in the world, the strength of the UV rays over Australia is recorded as one of the highest and when we go out into the sun we protect ourselves from the sun’s rays but our equine friends have long been forgotten.

I

t is extremely important to protect our horse’s eyes with a good quality UV protection fly mask during the day especially in summer but also in winter. This will protect your horse from the harmful UV rays, avoiding Carcinoma’s, a $3000+ vet bill and death.

T

he treatment of such carcinomas includes surgically removing the tumor with some form of secondary treatment such as chemotherapy.

U

V safe fly masks are essential and for the sake of $30 are worth its weight in gold.

I

am the founder of Save a Horse Australia Horse Rescue and Sanctuary and we have seen many cases of Squamous Cell Carcinoma’s come through our doors, some have been visible to the naked eye and others not so visible, you must look out for the symptoms of watering eye, consistent

44

discharge and abnormal growths, lumpy spots inside the eye lid or change in your horses eyes in general. If you think that your horse may have an eye problem consult your vet immediately. I would like to thanks Pauline Gaven who is the eye specialist at Manly Rd Veterinary Hospital for taking good care of our equine eye patients during their treatment.

S

ally came to us with a very aggressive carcinoma that had sadly spread to her bone and at only 6 years old she was euthanized on the 21st of December 2010.

C

hickoshay came to us with a very tiny carcinoma only just visible on her eye, lucky enough we got it early and after thousands of dollars in surgery she has now been adopted out to a forever home. Chicky is only 8 years old.

C

andy is an aged pony mare who has just come into care. We are currently having her tumor biopsied but it’s not looking very promising. You can follow her progress at www.saveahorse.amandavella.com she is about 10HH and in her late 20s.

W

hiskey had a carcinoma which was not visible to the naked eye and if it wasn’t for his eye watering and consistently extruding discharge we wouldn’t have caught it in time. It was very advanced and after surgery to remove it and 3 rounds of chemotherapy we still had to remove his eye. Whiskey is an appaloosa and only 15 years old. We are currently still trying to pay off his hospital account which is currently still $5600 outstanding. If you can help with a tax deductible donation please visit www. saveahorse.amandavella.com for more details. Amanda Vella's S.A.H.A Horse Rescue and Sanctuary Based in the Gold Coast Hinterland in sunny Queensland, Save A Horse Australia Horse Rescue and Sanctuary was established by Amanda Vella to take in unwanted, neglected, abused and slaughter bound horses, rehabilitating them and finding them the perfect forever home.

Amanda Vella


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HENDRA VIRUS SAFETY ALERT Hendra virus – information for horse properties and other horse-related businesses Purpose

The purpose of this alert is to inform horse properties and other horse-related businesses of the risks surrounding Hendra virus and preventative measures to minimise the risk of human infection.

Background

Hendra virus is a rare disease of horses and humans that can cause a serious and life threatening illness. The natural hosts of Hendra virus are bats (flying foxes) which can then pass the virus onto horses. Human infection results from close contact with the blood, body fluids and tissues of infected horses. There is no evidence of human to human spread of Hendra virus. Hendra virus infection of horses can include rapid onset of illness, increased body temperature, increased heart rate, discomfort or weight shifting between legs, depression, respiratory and neurological signs. Not all of these signs will be found in any one infected horse.

Risk

Hendra virus incidents are rare. However, the potential seriousness of the disease for both humans and horses requires that workplace health and safety measures, to prevent infection, should be implemented at workplaces where there is occupational contact with horses. Sound hygiene and biosecurity (animal disease control) measures should be adopted as a routine work practice for all horse contact.

46 30

Prevention

Hendra virus requires careful risk management. You should develop a plan for responding to a suspect or confirmed case of Hendra virus at your workplace, including how you will minimise the risk to yourself, your workers and others such as visiting horse practitioners (farriers, etc.) You should then train your workers in the implementation of the plan. You should also consider the following measures: • Take steps to protect horses from becoming infected with Hendra virus by: o placing feed bins and water troughs under cover o avoiding planting trees that attract flying foxes in or near horse paddocks o removing horses from paddocks if flying foxes are feeding on trees or roosting in that paddock. • Ensure safe systems of work as a routine work practice for all contact with horses, their blood and body fluids and associated equipment. This includes: o regular hand hygiene o maintaining standards of cleanliness and stable hygiene o cleaning and disinfecting equipment that has been in contact with horses’ body fluids. • If you have a sick horse, isolate the horse from other horses, people and animals (e.g. remove companion animals to another area) until you have obtained a veterinary opinion.


• Avoid close contact with a sick horse

• •

where possible. If this is unavoidable, consider the horse’s blood and body fluids as potentially infectious and take precautions to prevent contact with these including: o using personal protective equipment (PPE) to protect your clothing, exposed skin and face from contact with the horse’s blood and body fluids o training workers and yourselves in how to use unfamiliar PPE, such as particulate respirators o covering cuts and abrasions with a water-resistant dressing o following instructions for biosecurity and personal safety provided by a Biosecurity Queensland officer or veterinarian. If you have handled a sick horse, and before contact with other horses: o wash off any contamination with plenty of soap and water o shower and wash your hair o change your clothes. Arrange your activities so that you have contact with the sick horse last. Always consider Hendra virus as a possible cause of illness in horses. Notify suspected Hendra virus cases by contacting Biosecurity Queensland on 13 25 23 or the Emergency Animal Disease Watch Hotline on 1800 675 888. There is a legal obligation to notify. Seek medical advice or ring Queensland Health 13 HEALTH (1300 43 25 84) if you or a worker has had contact with a horse suspected or confirmed as being infected with Hendra virus.

Further information

For more information on workplace health and safety relating to occupational diseases, visit www.worksafe.qld.gov.au or call the Workplace Health and Safety Infoline on 1300 369 915. Download the alert on: Hendra virus Information for veterinarians. Complete the self-survey for managing occupation Hendra virus risks for horse properties and other horse-related businesses (PDF, 55 kB) More information on Hendra virus in horses and biosecurity is available from Biosecurity Queensland www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au, call 13 25 23, or your veterinarian. Visit the Biosecurity Queensland website to download more information for: • veterinarians • horse owners • horse industries • communities. For more information on Hendra virus in humans, contact Queensland Health www.health.qld.gov.au or 13 HEALTH (1300 43 25 84). Information is also available from the Queensland Horse Council http://www.qldhorsecouncil.com

Covered Feeder/ Water

W E N

© The State of Queensland (Department of Justice and Attorney-General) 2011

Copyright protects this document. The State of Queensland has no objection to this material being reproduced, but asserts its right to be recognised as author of the original material and the right to have the material unaltered. The material presented in this publication is distributed by the Queensland Government as an information source only. The State of Queensland makes no statements, representations, or warranties about the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this publication, and the reader should not rely on it. The Queensland Government disclaims all responsibility and all liability (including, without limitation, liability in negligence) for all expenses, losses, damages and costs you might incur as a result of the information being inaccurate or incomplete in any way, and for any reason

Workplace Health and Safety Queensland, Department of Justice and Attorney-General Hendra virus – information for horse properties and other horse-related businesses PN10149 Version 2 Last updated June 2010.

www.farmcraft.com.au

47 31


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Girth Wintec Elastic with Cair - 28” or 70cm. Perfect condition, hardly used. New price is $195.00. Sell for $80.00. Phone 55438123 or 0419799792.

Box Trailer - 8 x 4, tool box on front, ladder racks, GC. $550 Tamborine. Ph: Mark 0408 436 247 Polaris Quad bike 350cc, good condition. Just serviced. Ideal for farm, feeding horses etc. Canungra. $2500. Contact Rod 0408 951195

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Ph 0431357233 or email horseretreats@tpg.com.au “Cooper” Grey stockhorse/tbred gelding 15hh 6 yrs good basic training an absolute dream to hand and great fun to ride. No vices at all, great on roads, easy to CFS and do anything with. Ex kids polocrosse horse $6000 “Gabby” Good basic education 6yr old black mare 12.2hh Gabby is a great pony to handle and ride for all levels. Suit pony club, pleasure or competition work. Great confirmation and talented to be a beautiful show pony Previously used in a riding school and has taught many kids how to ride. Also been to polocrosse. $5000 “Tucker” Good education 14hh, 14yr old palomino quarter/stock horse gelding Easy to catch and loves a pat and a treat. Would suit anything where he is being worked well such as pony club. Good stamina for stockwork type activity. Currently used for pleasure riding and riding school. $4000

49


A UNIQUE AND AFFORDABLE , FAST PACED, EXCITEMENT PACKED, ADRENALIN ON HORSEBACK!!

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STALLION EDITION August

2011

51


S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

The nation’s horse industry is in for a real treat with the arrival of Australia’s first cloned horse ‘Salute’, an exact genetic copy of the world’s most influential performance horse sire ‘Smart Little Lena’.

52

‘Salute’ is the first ever cloned horse to enter the country and stand at stud. Richard Bull of Tamarang purchased the stallion at the Western Bloodstock Annual NCHA Futurity Sale in Fort Worth, Texas in December 2010, and imported ‘Salute’ into Australia earlier this year. “We are allowing Australia first generation access to the most influential stallion to ever exist in the performance horse industry in North America,” said Mr Bull. Smart Little Lena, who died in September 2010 at the age of 31, had life time earnings of $743,275 in only eight shows and was the first horse to ever win cutting’s prestigious Triple Crown in the United States. His progeny have impressive earnings of more than US$39.3 million and he has grand progeny earnings of more than US$80 million. With 550 money earning offspring, Smart Little Lena sired 17 World Champions, 11 Reserve Champions and 110 Register of Merit. At the height of his career he stood at US$25,000. The introduction of Smart Little Lena’s superior genetics to Australia via the importation of ‘Salute’, who is one of five clones of Smart Little Lena, offers tremendous breeding opportunities for the Australian performance horse industry, particularly to upgrade broodmare strengths. “The cloning was undertaken to preserve Smart Little Lena’s genetics for the future because of his dominance in the cutting horse industry. “Whether I agree with cloning or not, Smart Little Lena had already been cloned and the chance to have this horse here in Australia was too great of an opportunity to be missed. “Smart Little Lena was always my hero horse and bringing his exact genetics to Australia is a dream come true,” said Mr Bull. Richard Bull wishes to make it clear that ‘Salute’ was purchased to pass on Smart Little Lena’s genetics and he will not be trained or shown. Whilst he is not identical in appearance to Smart Little Lena his genetic material is exactly the same and his offspring will therefore be equivalent. A male clone breeds identically to the original copy. Tamarang is a market leader specialising in elite cattle horse genetics based near Tamworth, NSW. Tamarang’s owners Richard and Sandi Bull are innovative operators who are passionate about the industry. They have demonstrated their support of the industry again with their sponsorship of the National Cutting Horse Association’s (NCHA) 2011 Futurity, the richest three year old performance horse event in the country.

Photograph by Ken Anderson

The public had the chance to meet ‘Salute’ for the first time at the 2011 NCHA Tamarang Futurity that was held at the Australian Equine and Livestock Events Centre, from 2-12 June 2011.


S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

www.tinytownstud.com

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S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

PATINACK FARM

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M

JOE HEATHER

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STUD MANAGER - QLD 2563 Beaudesert - Nerang Rd, Benobble Qld 4275 T: +61 7 5543 5096 M: +61 429 664 441 E: gatkins@patinackfarm.com

For More Information Call Us Today or Email: nominations@patinackfarm.com BRADLEY KNOX NATIONAL NOMINATIONS MANAGER 147 Alison Road, Randwick NSW 2031 T: +61 2 9314 8800 F: +61 2 9314 8899 M: +61 417 252 178 E: bknox@patinackfarm.com

BEN LAWRENCE STUD MANAGER Richmond Grove Road, Sandy Hollow NSW 2333 T: +61 2 6547 4000 F: +61 2 6547 4099 M: +61 427 392 130 E: blawrence@patinackfarm.com

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(USA)

CANUNGRA, QLD

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S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

By Dr John Kohnke BVSc RDA

56

Over recent years, much more research effort has been focused on the nutritional requirements and feeding management of the broodmare. Although large sums of money are often outlaid for the purchase of a breeding farm and stock, stallion services, upgrading facilities and marketing, often relatively little attention is given to ensuring the optimum nutrition of the broodmare. Although fertility and the conception rate decreases as a mare ages, careful attention to nutrition and a well planned feeding program in preparation for breeding will help to ensure an optimum conception rate for each mare. An adequate energy intake, matched to the mare’s needs, is essential to achieve and maintain an optimum body condition for breeding. Horse breeders often over-feed pregnant mares and growing horses relative to their needs. They often under-feed dry mares (“empty” or non-pregnant) and lactating (“wet”) mares when maintained on predominately grazing pasture. Under these conditions, inadequate nutrition can affect a mare’s subsequent fertility, conception rate increase the risk of early embryonic abortion, and the development of her foal during late pregnancy. If the drain of lactation is not compensated for by an increase in the energy and major nutrient intake, a mare’s fertility will decline, followed by a reduction in milk production, and finally a loss of body condition. Of all the nutritional factors that can influence fertility and maintenance of pregnancy, the adequacy of energy and protein intake is critical to breeding success. Handy Hint ~ Feed to Breed Inadequate nutrition can have a direct influence on the fertility, conception and foaling rate of mares. Poor nutrition is a major factor that can reduce reproductive efficiency, despite good breeding management and veterinary care of otherwise healthy mares. An adequate and well-balanced nutrient intake and feeding management program is paramount to fertility and breeding success. Handy Hint In a lactating mare, the drain of milk production is superimposed on the energy requirement to maintain fertility and conception, especially in a marginally under nourished mare with a foal at foot. This invariably results in less than optimum fertility and a reduced chance of the mares getting back in foal during the peak period of her lactation between 4-10 weeks after foaling to ensure the desired 12 month foaling interval. A survey indicated that 83% of otherwise healthy and ‘non-infected’ mares which failed to get in foal had low energy intake relative to their daily needs.

Non-Lactating Mares Important Considerations There are a number of dietary management guidelines that must be considered when preparing a mare to be bred to increase her chances of conceiving and establishing a viable pregnancy to full term. Condition Scoring The body condition of a mare at breeding can be evaluated against condition score standards that have been developed to monitor energy stores within the body relative to fat distribution. The concept of condition scoring provides a standard for breeders to evaluate the probability of a mare breeding successfully. Ideally a mare should be fed to achieve a moderate to good condition prior to breeding. As a guideline, a mare in moderate to good condition has a ‘fleshy’ covering over her ribs and pin bones, with the outline of her ribs just visible. There are a number of relationships between the body condition, energy and protein intake on the fertility of breeding mares that have been established by review of a large number of research studies. Feeding for Fertility A poorly fed or thin mare, in below average condition, will have a delayed onset of oestrus and irregular oestrus cycles, in contrast to a well fed mare. A thin mare will come into season and cycle, but may fail to ovulate, conceive or maintain her pregnancy. Such a mare should have her feed intake increased, commencing 2-5 weeks before the breeding season, so that she is gaining weight when bred. A mare that is thin or below moderate condition at breeding, is still able to foal down a foal of average birth weight at full term 11 months later. Unless a mare’s body weight is improved after foaling, she will have a higher risk of lower fertility and embryonic loss when she is bred during the peak of her lactation, if she is losing condition due to inadequate energy intake. Even without weight loss, studies have shown that a thin mare has longer intervals between foaling and ovulation requires more cycles per conception, has an overall lower conception rate and an increased early embryonic death rate than a mare in a moderate to average, or fat condition. An inadequate intake of protein in the ration, even with adequate energy, can delay the onset of oestrus and decrease overall fertility, possibly due

www.kohnkesown.com

to failure to ovulate, although a mare may show her normal oestrus behaviour and cycle length. A well fed, but not overly fat mare will normally ovulate earlier, with more regular cycles, than a fat or overweight mare fed on a maintenance or weight reduction diet. A fat or overweight mare will cycle and conceive successfully if her nutritional intake is maintained during the prebreeding period, oestrus and conception, and for 90 days after conception so as to avoid any loss of body weight. An inadequate intake of energy in a mare during the first 90 days of pregnancy, due to starvation, relocation stress or mare group competition for feed, for a period of 4 days, will greatly increase the risk of early embryonic abortion and loss of pregnancy even before a loss of body weight is evident. Any reduction in the feed intake of a fat mare immediately before the breeding season to reduce her body weight will retard the onset of oestrus, and increase the time interval between oestrus cycles. It is unwise to start a weight-reducing program on an obese mare within the last 2 months before breeding. A lack of feed during the previous lactation period may reduce the fertility of a mare in the following season, even if a mare has gained weight and is in good condition at breeding.

Maiden Mares A maiden mare retired to stud from race training just prior to breeding, or an overly fat mare at pasture, requires individual attention to ensure she does not lose weight when sent to stud. When maintained under semi-drought conditions, a maiden mare or an older dry mare will also suffer a shortfall of energy prior to breeding. Up to 46% of young mares that are not fully mature will abort their foals before full term if they are not fed enough to meet their total needs. Continued next month...


S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

www.bullarookpark.com.au

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S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

Fishermans Friend

Dark Brown 1997 - 169c m Licensed Hanoverian

Sire: Fabriano (sire of 15 licensed sons and 120 St Pr Mares in

Germany and is reknowned as a producer of both FEI showjumpers and dressage horses)

Dam: Penny Lane by Pik Solo (son of the immortal Pik Bube I) Combining the sensational bloodlines of Londonderry with the famous performance bloodlines of Pik Bube I.

F

Not just a champion dressage horse but a supersire as well!

ishermans Friend has already sired international competition horses in both dressage and showjumping. His oldest progeny in Germany are now competing at FEI level including Feng Shui, already a Prix St George Champion.

Together with his wonderful rideability, Fish’s sensational movement and jumping prowess is met with much excitement from both dressage and eventing riders. Fish’s own successes in dressage speaks for itself: • Multiple Grand Prix Champion 2011. • EFA (Qld) FEI Dressage Horse of the Year 2009. • Australian Intermediate II Champion 2009. • Australian Prix St George Champion 2008. • CDI Sydney Advanced Champion 2007. • Australian Medium Champion 2006. • Sire of successful competition horses in many countries inc. USA, Canada, Germany, Finland, Spain, Great Britain, etc, and now Australia. • Sire of the Champion Hanoverian Foals in Australia in 2006, 2007, & 2009. • Sire of the Spanish National 5 and 6 year old Young Horse Champion “Finja”.

F

ish’s youngsters are now under saddle in Australia and delighting everyone who rides them. They show amazing trainability and rideability. With elastic and powerful paces, they are sure to continue in the footsteps of their wonderful sire.

Contact Cheryl O’Brien B.App.Ec (Equine) P: (07) 5465 1960 - M: 0409 653 384 E: remistud@bigpond.com 58

(imp)

www.remistud.com


S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

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S ta l l i o n s at S t u d 60

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(AI)

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D.O.B: 7/11/2006. Nebiolo is an impeccably bred handsome young stallion by the English New Forest Pony Stallion Applewitch Pure   who is one of the leading New Forest sires in UK.   dam is a consistent winner at blue chip shows including Barastoc HOTY Victoria. Nebiolo is a magnificent pony, very correct conformation, powerful hindquarters, excellent bone, extravagant movement and a superb temperament.

Reg. APSB New Forest Pony Stallion, brown bay 14.1hh.

STUD FEE: $950 inc. GST + agistment

In his only outing he was champion New Forest colt or stallion at the Victorian APSB show 2008 where he also won the prestigious 2yo Foal Futurity, as did his dam. He is now showing enormous promise at pony dressage. Nebiolo possesses all the right qualities to breed purebreds or cross with small Warmbloods, Thoroughbreds, Arabians, Stock Horses, Quarter Horses and ponies to produce top performance galloways or ponies. Chilled Semen available. Contact Kay Thornton, Heatherley Equestrian Centre. Ph (07) 54853297. Email:  kay@heatherley.com


Style

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ANSA reg./EFA reg.

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Temperament

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97

Currently training Medium Dressage and started Eventing 2008; possessing bold, athletic technique over jumps whilst maintaining style and poise. Competing at Nov/Elem averaging 65%. Has the movement of a top Warmblood in a small package, whist always the perfect gent. Competition Record: • Winner NADEC, PRARG & RASDEG Official Novice. • 3rd place Novice 2009 QLD State Champs. • Awarded ‘Most Improved Dressage Pony’ 2009 by Equestrian QLD. All his progeny have inherited his performance ability. Contact Robyn further information.

1303 Artwork by AQUA [PD] - www.aqua-pd.com.au

cd.bell@bigpond.com

S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

equidon@iinet.net.au

65


Dr John Kohnke BVSc, RDA

SUBFERTILITY IN STALLIONS

S ta l l i o n s at S t u d

There is Hope Subfertility,  or  less  than  normal  fertility  in  a  breeding  stallion,  may   not  always  be  as  clear  cut  as  outright  poor  fertility,  where  there  is   an  obvious  increase  in  the  numbers  of  mares  returning  to  service.   There  is  a  tendency  to  blame  the  mare  group  for  a  less  than  overall   fertility  outcome  over  the  breeding  season  on  a  stud.    However,   when  the  breeding  records  are  carefully  examined,  often  it  is  found   that  there  was  a  delay  in  recognising  a  potential  subfertility  problem   in  an  individual  stallion  during  the  breeding  season.  

Factors  causing  Subfertility Although  there  are  a  number  of  causes  of  less  than  optimum   fertility  in  a  breeding  stallion,  the  major  factors  include:  Low  natural  fertility  in  aging  stallions.    The  fertility  of  a  stallion   starts  to  decrease  after  13  years  of  age,  although  some   stallions  remain  highly  fertile  up  to  18-­20  years  of  age.  Poor  nutrition  -­  less  than  optimum  energy  intake  is  a  major  

   

        Disease,  particularly  infections.  Abnormally  low  circulating  hormone  levels.      Testicular  degeneration,  especially  in  older  stallions.  Over-­use  of  a  stallion  at  the  height  of  the  breeding  season.  Travelling  and  relocation  stress.             Age  of  the  stallion.  Season  -­  a  particularly  poor  winter  which  causes  stress  and   sub-­optimum  nutrition  will  reduce  the  sperm  count.  Testicular  size  and  consistency  -­  large  testicle  size  does  not   always  coincide  with  high  sperm  counts.    Spongy  testicular  

           Frequency  of  service  -­  the  more  frequently  a  stallion  is  used,   the  lower  the  sperm  count  in  each  ejaculate.           over-­exercised  and  become  tired  will  have  less  libido  and  may   lose  interest  in  mares. In  most  stallions,  a  reduction  in  fertility  due  to  testicular   degeneration  and  other  physical  and  hormonal  changes  occurs   before  there  is  an  obvious  decline  in  libido  or  service  behaviour. Where  a  stallion  has  had  a  history  of  high  fertility  in  previous   seasons,  it  may  take  some  time  under  a  natural  service  system   to  correlate  a  higher  rate  of  ‘clean’  or  young  mares  returning  to   service  with  a  possible  subfertility  problem  in  a  stallion.    Often,  a   subfertility  problem  is  not  suspected  until Â��the  mid  to  late  part  of   the  breeding  season  as  a  possible  underlying  cause  of  the  poor   conception  rate  in  mares  mated  to  an  individual  stallion. These  criteria  can  be  regularly  analysed  to  monitor  a  stallion’s   breeding  performance  by  computerised  pregnancy  rates  and   service  records  available  on  most  studs.  

Did You Know that: Stallion reproductive performance can also be evaluated by:  The % of pregnancies in each 17-21 day average oestrus cycle length in the mare group  the number of oestrus cycles needed by a mare mated to the stallion before she conceives  the number of services required by the stallion per pregnancy in a mare group  The rate of pregnancy in the mare group on a monthly basis

Evaluation  of  Stallion  Fertility Fertility  evaluation,  with  collection  of  semen  and  a  full  assessment   of  sperm  number,  motility  and  percentage  of  dead  or  abnormal   sperm  per  ejaculate  can  be  carried  out:  Before  purchase  and  sale.  Prior  to  the  start  of  the  breeding  season  in  a  stallion  with  a   suspected  subfertility  problem  from  the  previous  season.  To  determine  the  number  of  mares,  or  the  possibility  of   increasing  the  number  of  mares  that  can  be  booked  to  a   stallion  in  the  forthcoming  season.    

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  testicular  degeneration  in  older  stallions  or  those  with  a  history   of  other  concurrent  disease.  To  investigate  reasons  for  abnormal  sexual  behaviour  or   changes  in  sexual  behaviour  in  an  individual  stallion  during  the   breeding  season.  To  assess  the  adverse  effects  of  sexually  transmitted   infections,  such  as  Klebsiella  and  Pseudomonas  bacteria.  When  lowered  ejaculation  force  or  poor  seminal  quality  is   observed  at  service. A  full  evaluation  of  a  suspected  subfertility  problem  should  include   the  following  appraisals  carried  out  by  a  specialised  equine  stud   veterinarian. 1.  History  -­  Number  of  mares  mated  (excluding  ‘foal  heat’  mares   or  late  season  matings),  age,  condition,  breeding  history  and   assessment  of  ultrasound  ovarian  records  to  assess  ovulation   and  service  timing,  that  can  be  used  to  provide  an  evaluation  of   the  rate  of  possible  pregnancies.   2.  Physical  Examination  -­  Clinical  examination  to  assess  health,   testicular  size,  consistency  and  epididymal  lesions  in  the  stallion. 3.  Bacteriological  Assessment  -­  Bacterial  swabs  can  be  taken   of  the  prepuce,  the  urethral  fossa  of  the  penis  and  of  the  urethra   immediately  before  and  after  service  to  check  for  presence  of   infection  that  could  be  transmitted  or  cause  reduced  rate  of   pregnancy  in  the  mare  group. 4.  Sexual  Behaviour  and  Libido  -­  Behaviour  of  the  stallion  in   presence  of  a  mare  in  full  oestrus,  including  mounting  desire  and   strength  of  ejaculation.    Studies  have  shown  that  even  though  a   stallion  may  exhibit  aggressive  service  behaviour,  mounts  quickly   and  ejaculates  strongly,  he  may  still  be  suffering  from  a  less  than   optimum  level  of  fertility,  or  have  an  underlying  cause  for  the   subfertility  problem.  In  most  cases,  when  collected  and  examined   under  a  microscope,  the  average  ejaculate  volume  may  contain   fewer  fertile  and  motile  spermatozoa.

Semen  Evaluation

Handy Hint 9 A  thorough  evaluation  of  semen  can  not  be  based  on  a  single   collection  and  recent  studies  indicate  that  a  number  of  collections   Semen Collection and Examination over  a  7  day  period  will  provide  the  most  comprehensive  means   Standard  semen  analysis  only  evaluates  the  sperm  number,  morphology   of  pinpointing  a  subfertility  problem.    This  is  achieved  by   and  motility.  It  gives  a  standard  to  compare  a  ‘normal’  stallion  with  one  that  is  



          suffering  from  a  subfertility  problem.  However,  standard  semen  analysis  does  not   vagina,  1  hour  apart,  and  then  once  daily  for  7  days.     assess  the  critical  characteristics  of  sperm  survival,  egg  penetration  activity  and  viable   This  program  will  evaluate  the  daily  production  of  sperm  and   storage  time  in  the  oviduct  of  the  mare.    These  more  sophisticated  evaluation   testicular  reserve  of  semen,  as  an  indication  of  testicular  tissue   methods  can  be  carried  out  by  using  mare  oviduct  cellular  cultures  to  more   function  in  a  stallion  with  suspected  testicular  degeneration. accurately  evaluate  the  actual  fertilising  potential  of  stallion  semen.

For optimum fertility it is important that mares and working stallions are provided with adequate energy, protein and key nutrients such as phosphorus, organic selenium and vitamins A & E. Providing Kohnke’s Own E-Se supplets for 4 weeks prior to breeding a mare or stallion may assist in maintaining optimum fertility. Ideally, a stallion should be kept on E-Se supplets throughout the breeding season.

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GC August 2011