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American University of Beirut Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences Landscape Design and Ecosystem Management

[UNDER] BRIDGE SPACES

THE CASE OF YEREVAN [UNDER] BRIDGE Final Year Project | Kristelle Boulos | 06.05.14


Road Network in Beirut

Hamra

Bourj Hammoud

Downtown

Manara

Ain Al Mreisseh

Streets perceived as public spaces

Basta Bridge

Charles Helou Bridge

Cola Bridge

Elias El Hraoui Bridge

Ring Bridge

El Wati Bridge

Voids in the City

PROBLEM ISSUE | INFRASTRUCTURE AS PUBLIC SPACE

Green Public Spaces in Beirut

Mar Mikhael


Road Network in Beirut

Hamra

Bourj Hammoud

Downtown

Manara

Ain Al Mreisseh

Streets perceived as public spaces

Basta Bridge

Charles Helou Bridge

Cola Bridge

Elias El Hraoui Bridge

Ring Bridge

El Wati Bridge

Voids in the City

PROBLEM ISSUE | INFRASTRUCTURE AS PUBLIC SPACE

Green Public Spaces in Beirut

Mar Mikhael


Road Network in Beirut

Hamra

Bourj Hammoud

Downtown

Manara

Ain Al Mreisseh

Streets perceived as public spaces

Basta Bridge

Charles Helou Bridge

Cola Bridge

Elias El Hraoui Bridge

Ring Bridge

El Wati Bridge

Voids in the City

PROBLEM ISSUE | INFRASTRUCTURE AS PUBLIC SPACE

Green Public Spaces in Beirut

Mar Mikhael


Road Network in Beirut

Hamra

Bourj Hammoud

Downtown

Manara

Ain Al Mreisseh

Streets perceived as public spaces

Basta Bridge

Charles Helou Bridge

Cola Bridge

Elias El Hraoui Bridge

Ring Bridge

El Wati Bridge

Voids in the City

PROBLEM ISSUE | INFRASTRUCTURE AS PUBLIC SPACE

Green Public Spaces in Beirut

Mar Mikhael


Bridges in relation to Beirut (Administrative context)

PROBLEM ISSUE | BRIDGES DISTURB COMMUNITIES

Studied Bridges


El Wati Elias el Hraoui Cola

Bridges in relation to Beirut (Community context)

PROBLEM ISSUE | BRIDGES DISTURB COMMUNITIES

Charles Helou Ring Basta Yerevan


Creating a new public place

OBJECTIVES | Related to the Yerevan Bridge

Engaging infrastructure in the design

VISION, STRATEGY AND OBJECTIVES

VISION | Transforming underbridge spaces into public spaces


Creating a new public place

OBJECTIVES | Related to the Yerevan Bridge

Engaging infrastructure in the design

VISION, STRATEGY AND OBJECTIVES

VISION | Transforming underbridge spaces into public spaces


TYPOLOGY #1 • BASTA BRIDGE

200 m 200 m

People Standing

HEAVY NOISE

People Sitting

STEEL BOX

Parked cars Army Tank

INSECURITY DISCRETE

Shops Park

6.0

Green Empty Lots 5.5

Religious

4.5 5.5

Services Snacks/Restaurants Pedestrian circulation

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING SHOPS GROUNDFLOOR

BRIDGE

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING SHOPS GROUNDFLOOR

ANALYSIS| BRIDGE TYPOLOGY

GROUNDFLOOR USE UNDERBRIDGE USE & PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [UNDERBRIDGE]

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [ON BRIDGE]

THE COMMUNITY INTRUDER


TYPOLOGY #2 • EL WATI BRIDGE

0m

People Standing

CLOSTROPHOBIC

People Selling

DIVERSITY OF PEOPLE

Parked cars

STRIP OF LIGHT

Bus stop

EPHEMERAL BAD SMELL

Green Empty Lots

12.0

Industrial

12.0 2.6

16.0

3.0

Entertainment

2.5-6 11.0

Garages/Workshops Snacks/Restaurants Pedestrian circulation

INDUSTRIAL BUILDING

ROAD

BRIDGE

30.0

BRIDGE SOUK AL AHAD RIVER

ANALYSIS| BRIDGE TYPOLOGY

INTERACTION DYNAMIC

40

GROUNDFLOOR USE UNDERBRIDGE USE & PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [UNDERBRIDGE]

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [ON BRIDGE]

THE LOCAL ATTRACTOR


TYPOLOGY #3 • CHARLES HELOU BRIDGE

HARASSMENT 650 m

HOSTILITY People Standing People Sitting

DANGER

CLAUSTROPHOBIC

UNFRESH AIR

People Selling Parked cars

43.0

10.0

Green Empty Lots Industrial Residential Shops Snacks/Restaurants Pedestrian circulation

HIGHWAY

CHARLES HELOU STATION

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING

ANALYSIS| BRIDGE TYPOLOGY

GROUNDFLOOR USE & PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

UNDERBRIDGE USE

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [UNDERBRIDGE]

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [ON BRIDGE]

THE FORMAL TRANSPORTATION HUB


TYPOLOGY #4 • COLA BRIDGE

People Standing People Sitting People Selling

WELCOMING

Parked cars

LANDMARK

Bus stop Army tank

HONKING CHAOS

MEETING POINT

16.0 Green Empty Lots

5.0

6.0

Institutions Residential Shops Snacks/Restaurants Pedestrian circulation

9.0

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING

ROAD

BRIDGE

ROAD

RESIDENTIAL BUILDING SHOPS GROUNDFLOOR

ANALYSIS| BRIDGE TYPOLOGY

GROUNDFLOOR USE & PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

UNDERBRIDGE USE

45

0m

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [UNDERBRIDGE]

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [ON BRIDGE]

THE INFORMAL TRANSPORTATION HUB


TYPOLOGY #5 • RING BRIDGE

300 m

People Standing People Sitting Parked cars Bus stop SEPARATION

Snacks/Restaurants

OPENNESS DESERT

Green Empty Lots

PASSAGE

Construction Sites

NO MAN’S LAND

Religious 28.0

Residential

Pedestrian circulation

5.0

10.0

Services INDUSTRIAL BUILDING

ROAD

BRIDGE

BRIDGE

ANALYSIS| BRIDGE TYPOLOGY

GROUNDFLOOR USE UNDERBRIDGE USE & PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [UNDERBRIDGE]

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [ON BRIDGE]

THE EMPTY TRANSIENT SPACE


TYPOLOGY #6 • ELIAS EL HRAOUI BRIDGE

Planted Vegetation

UNAPPRECIATED OPENNESS EMPTINESS

RESTRICTIONS VEHICLE ISLAND

Green Empty Lots 28.0

Shops Civic Buildings Pedestrian circulation

ROAD

BRIDGE

ROAD

ANALYSIS| BRIDGE TYPOLOGY

GROUNDFLOOR USE UNDERBRIDGE USE & PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [UNDERBRIDGE]

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION [ON BRIDGE]

THE GREEN UNUSED SPACE


Bourj Hammoud

BEIRUT

Ashrafieh

YEREV AN B R

IDG

E

Nabaa

Sin El Fil

VE

R

TYPOLOGY #1 THE COMMUNITY INTRUDER

TYPOLOGY #1 THE COMMUNITY INTRUDER TYPOLOGY #3 THE FORMAL TRANSPORTATION HUB TYPOLOGY #5 THE EMPTY TRANSIENT SPACE

BE

IR

A SHR AFI E H

UT

RI

TYPOLOGY #6 THE GREEN UNUSED SPACE

BO U R J H A MMO U D SCHOOL

S I N E L F IL

CHURCH

N A BA A SCHOOL

TYPOLOGY #1 THE COMMUNITY INTRUDER

BOURJ HAMMOUD MUNICIPAL STADIUM

BLIND PEOPLE’S HOME

TYPOLOGY #4 THE INFORMAL TRANSPORTATION HUB

TYPOLOGY #6 THE GREEN UNUSED SPACE

TYPOLOGY #1 THE COMMUNITY INTRUDER

Yerevan key map & division of sub-typologies

ELDERLY HOME

MILITARY BASE SCHOOL FOOTBALL FIELD

B AUCHRIEH

ANALYSIS| YEREVAN’S SUBTYPOLOGIES

LOCATION MAP | Yerevan Bridge


#4

#1

#6

Road

Informal Bus Stop

Bridge

Road

TYPOLOGY #1 THE COMMUNITY INTRUDER

Residential Building

Street

Residential Building

Ramp

Street

Bridge

Street

Shop

Residential Building

TYPOLOGY #6 THE GREEN UNUSED SPACE

Road

Green Roundabout

Bridge

Road

Residential Building

ANALYSIS| YEREVAN’S SUBTYPOLOGIES

TYPOLOGY #4 THE INFORMAL TRANSPORTATION HUB


#4

#1

#6

Road

Informal Bus Stop

Bridge

Road

TYPOLOGY #1 THE COMMUNITY INTRUDER

Residential Building

Street

Residential Building

Ramp

Street

Bridge

Street

Shop

Residential Building

TYPOLOGY #6 THE GREEN UNUSED SPACE

Road

Green Roundabout

Bridge

Road

Residential Building

ANALYSIS| YEREVAN’S SUBTYPOLOGIES

TYPOLOGY #4 THE INFORMAL TRANSPORTATION HUB


#4

#1

#6

Road

Informal Bus Stop

Bridge

Road

TYPOLOGY #1 THE COMMUNITY INTRUDER

Residential Building

Street

Residential Building

Ramp

Street

Bridge

Street

Shop

Residential Building

TYPOLOGY #6 THE GREEN UNUSED SPACE

Road

Green Roundabout

Bridge

Road

Residential Building

ANALYSIS| YEREVAN’S SUBTYPOLOGIES

TYPOLOGY #4 THE INFORMAL TRANSPORTATION HUB


UNDER BRIDGE

ON BRIDGE

ON BRIDGE

Bridge Pillars

UNDER BRIDGE

Dense Pedestrian Traffic Scattered Pedestrian Traffic

Residential

Green Open Spaces

Commercial

Construction Sites

Institutions

Vacant Lots

UNDER BRIDGE

ON BRIDGE

PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION OBSERVATION & ANALYSIS

TO ASHRAFIEH

TO BOURJ HAMMOUD

TO BAUCHRIEH

Primary Vehicular Roads Secondary Vehicular Roads

BUILDING USE & GROUD FLOOR USE OBSERVATION & ANALYSIS

VERTICALITY

LIGHT ANALYSIS

ANALYSIS

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION OBSERVATION & ANALYSIS


Narrow Surrounding Disconnection from context Walking Experience

Basic physical structures needed for the operation of a society.

Composed of mixed character or parts.

REFERENCE IMAGES

Enclosed Activities Connection to Context Crossings & Walkways

TYPOLOGIES • Different design typologies

STANDARD DIMENSIONS

CONCEPT

HYBRID INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEM SITE SCALE CONCEPT • Hybrid Infrastructure System

A set of connected things or parts forming a complex whole, in particular.


Narrow Surrounding Disconnection from context Walking Experience

Basic physical structures needed for the operation of a society.

Composed of mixed character or parts.

REFERENCE IMAGES

Enclosed Activities Connection to Context Crossings & Walkways

TYPOLOGIES • Different design typologies

STANDARD DIMENSIONS

CONCEPT

HYBRID INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEM SITE SCALE CONCEPT • Hybrid Infrastructure System

A set of connected things or parts forming a complex whole, in particular.


Narrow Surrounding Disconnection from context Walking Experience

Basic physical structures needed for the operation of a society.

Composed of mixed character or parts.

REFERENCE IMAGES

Enclosed Activities Connection to Context Crossings & Walkways

TYPOLOGIES • Different design typologies

STANDARD DIMENSIONS

CONCEPT

HYBRID INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEM SITE SCALE CONCEPT • Hybrid Infrastructure System

A set of connected things or parts forming a complex whole, in particular.


Narrow Surrounding Disconnection from context Walking Experience

Basic physical structures needed for the operation of a society.

Composed of mixed character or parts.

REFERENCE IMAGES

Enclosed Activities Connection to Context Crossings & Walkways

TYPOLOGIES • Different design typologies

STANDARD DIMENSIONS

CONCEPT

HYBRID INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEM SITE SCALE CONCEPT • Hybrid Infrastructure System

A set of connected things or parts forming a complex whole, in particular.


Narrow Surrounding Disconnection from context Walking Experience

Basic physical structures needed for the operation of a society.

Composed of mixed character or parts.

REFERENCE IMAGES

Enclosed Activities Connection to Context Crossings & Walkways

TYPOLOGIES • Different design typologies

STANDARD DIMENSIONS

CONCEPT

HYBRID INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEM SITE SCALE CONCEPT • Hybrid Infrastructure System

A set of connected things or parts forming a complex whole, in particular.


Narrow Surrounding Disconnection from context Walking Experience

Basic physical structures needed for the operation of a society.

Composed of mixed character or parts.

REFERENCE IMAGES

Enclosed Activities Connection to Context Crossings & Walkways

TYPOLOGIES • Different design typologies

STANDARD DIMENSIONS

CONCEPT

HYBRID INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEM SITE SCALE CONCEPT • Hybrid Infrastructure System

A set of connected things or parts forming a complex whole, in particular.


Narrow Surrounding Disconnection from context Walking Experience

Basic physical structures needed for the operation of a society.

Composed of mixed character or parts.

REFERENCE IMAGES

Enclosed Activities Connection to Context Crossings & Walkways

TYPOLOGIES • Different design typologies

STANDARD DIMENSIONS

CONCEPT

HYBRID INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEM SITE SCALE CONCEPT • Hybrid Infrastructure System

A set of connected things or parts forming a complex whole, in particular.


CASE STUDY • RED RIBBON PARK, CHINA Turenscape

MATERIAL • Steel Steel would contrast with the massive concrete structure. It is much lighter, weight wise as well as texture wise.

Steel Wire Rope Steel chain

Grated Steel

Identity & Coherence

Steel Flooring

CASE STUDY • MFO PARK, ZURICH Raderschall Landschaftsarchitekten Ag + Burckhardt & Partner Ag

LIVING SYSTEM • Climbers Climbers would blend in perfectly with the overall “hybrid infrastructure system” by using the verticality of the infrastructure (climbing up, hanging down, wrapping structural elements,etc.)

Character

Shade Intolerant

CONCEPT

Shade Tolerant


CASE STUDY • RED RIBBON PARK, CHINA Turenscape

MATERIAL • Steel Steel would contrast with the massive concrete structure. It is much lighter, weight wise as well as texture wise.

Steel Wire Rope Steel chain

Grated Steel

Identity & Coherence

Steel Flooring

CASE STUDY • MFO PARK, ZURICH Raderschall Landschaftsarchitekten Ag + Burckhardt & Partner Ag

LIVING SYSTEM • Climbers Climbers would blend in perfectly with the overall “hybrid infrastructure system” by using the verticality of the infrastructure (climbing up, hanging down, wrapping structural elements,etc.)

Character

Shade Intolerant

CONCEPT

Shade Tolerant


CASE STUDY • RED RIBBON PARK, CHINA Turenscape

MATERIAL • Steel Steel would contrast with the massive concrete structure. It is much lighter, weight wise as well as texture wise.

Steel Wire Rope Steel chain

Grated Steel

Identity & Coherence

Steel Flooring

CASE STUDY • MFO PARK, ZURICH Raderschall Landschaftsarchitekten Ag + Burckhardt & Partner Ag

LIVING SYSTEM • Climbers Climbers would blend in perfectly with the overall “hybrid infrastructure system” by using the verticality of the infrastructure (climbing up, hanging down, wrapping structural elements,etc.)

Character

Shade Intolerant

CONCEPT

Shade Tolerant


CASE STUDY • RED RIBBON PARK, CHINA Turenscape

MATERIAL • Steel Steel would contrast with the massive concrete structure. It is much lighter, weight wise as well as texture wise.

Steel Wire Rope Steel chain

Grated Steel

Identity & Coherence

Steel Flooring

CASE STUDY • MFO PARK, ZURICH Raderschall Landschaftsarchitekten Ag + Burckhardt & Partner Ag

LIVING SYSTEM • Climbers Climbers would blend in perfectly with the overall “hybrid infrastructure system” by using the verticality of the infrastructure (climbing up, hanging down, wrapping structural elements,etc.)

Character

Shade Intolerant

CONCEPT

Shade Tolerant


UD M MMO J H A S TA D I U R U BO I PA L C I N MU

RCH

SCH

OOL

D BLIN LE’S P PEO E HOM

R LY ELDE E HOM

Y TA R MILI E BAS

Platform

Connectors

Conceptual Model | Top View

Walkway

OOL

L TBA FOO D L E I F

SC & S HOOL PO S RT S

NTI A ZON L E

RES IDE

GREEN SECTIO N INTER

L ZONE

RESIDENTIA

COMMERCIAL ZONE

PUBLIC PLAYGROUND

RESIDENTIAL ZONE

RIVER CROSSING + LARGE INTERSECTION

SCH

L

Color Coding | Dividing the space into zones as landmarks

CONCEPT

CHU

OOL

BA LINK U + H CHR TO IE I CR GHW H OS AY SIN G

LIC PUB ROUND G P L AY

L RMA I N F O TO P S BUS

SCH


GREEN LINK BLOOMING TUNNEL WALK IN BETWEEN

SOUK

PLAY[UNDER]GROUND

Masterplan

SIT “DOWN”

SKATE PARK LIGHT TUNNEL

WALK IN BETWEEN

Conceptual Model | Underbridge Intervention

MASTERPLAN

Overall Section


SIT “DOWN”

CONNECTOR

SECTIONS

SOUK


SKATE PARK

STOP AND STARE

SECTIONS

SOUND MAZE


WALKWAY

SECTIONS

LIGHT TUNNEL


ELEVATED WALKWAY

BLOOMING TUNNEL

MAZE

PERSPECTIVES

SIT “DOWN” AREA


PERSPECTIVES

ELEVATED WALKWAY


EXISTING PLAYGROUND

CLIMB I STRUC NG TURE

NE

T

DE

SLI NGS

SWI

NGS

SWI

ZIP

CLIMB

LIN

E SL

ID

Play[under]Ground Plan

ING N ET

Sketches S2

ZOOM IN

S1

Section 1

ES


EXISTING PLAYGROUND

CLIMB I STRUC NG TURE

NE

T

DE

SLI NGS

SWI

NGS

SWI

ZIP

CLIMB

LIN

E SL

ID

Play[under]Ground Plan

ING N ET

Image References S2

ZOOM IN

S1

Section 2

ES


Section 2

Image References

ZOOM IN

Mood Image


CONCLUSION


THANK YOU

Final Year Project_Presentation