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o"kZ 21 vad 8 vxLr 2016 #i;s 35

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uhacwoxhZ; Qyksa dh mRiknu rduhdh D;k ns'k esa jk"Vªh; Ñf"k dEiuh gksuh pkfg, /kku dh ,l- vkj-vkbZ- ¼Jh fof/k½ dqlqe o`{k ij yk[k dh [ksrh

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fo"k;koyh lEiknd funs'kd dk;Zdkjh laiknd rduhdh laiknd foi.ku eq[kh egkizca/kd tu lEidZ lgk;d laiknd ofj"B i=dkj i=dkj

ofj"B izca/kd izca/kd foi.ku lgk;d

çcU/kd izlkj lgk;d çcU/kd

vdkWmUVl dkuwuh lykgdkj fMtkbfuax dk;kZy; lgk;d

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,e-lh- Mksfefud 'kkbuh bekuqoy ,e- th- oklu MkW- ds-Vh- paMh jfoUnz rsofr;k vftFk oh-vkj MkW- ch-lh- fclokl lat; dqekj Qjgk [kku :ch tSu bejku [kku fLuX/kk pkS/kjh euh"k pkSgku lehj frokjh nhif'k[kk flag T;ksfr 'kekZ fofiu feJk /kkU;k ,e-,pds-ts- ljU;k lkjk [kku es?kk “kekZ eqdqUnu uk;j vQlkuk efyd pqadh HkwfV;k iwue fo'odekZ fjadh iqUMhj lksfu;k egktu f'kQkyh egktu y{eh ik.Ms gsek 'kekZ izhfr pkSgku jtuh dqekjh ehuk ik.Ms fiz;k f=ikBh ofurk flag y{eh dksyh ehuw fiz;adk eaMkofj;k fu”kkar VkWd jkgqy flag vCnql len iz'kkUr 'kekZ Qqjdku dqjS'kh 'kkgt+sc vgen eksfgr vadw ;kno dapu flag dfj'ek ysgjh vk;'kk [kku iIiw jk; iou dqekj iou vktxs ujsUæ “ksjrkVs f”kodkUr mikè;k; vkj-,u- pkScs Ñ".k fcgkjh vt; dqekj gjeuizhr flag dax fnus'k nekfFk;k mfnr feÙky ds-ch- bUnzk ,p- vleqnhu vydk xqIrk ;ksxs'k dqekj nsosUnz flag txnh'k tkuk johUæ tkuk jktho

laiknd] çdk'kd] eqnzd ,oa Lokeh ,e-lh- Mksfefud ,e-,-lh- Ñf"k tkxj.k % 60@9 rhljk ry] ;wlqQ ljk; ekfdZV] utnhd xzhu ikdZ eSVªks LVs”ku] ubZ fnYyh&110016 ds }kjk ,p-Vh- ehfM;k izsl ch 2] lsDVj&63] uks,Mk&201301] ftyk&xkSrecq) uxj ¼;w-ih-½ *lokZf/kd lqjf{kr U;k; {ks= fnYyhA bl if=dk esa çdkf'kr ys[k ,oa fopkj ys[kdksa ds futh gSaA çdk'kd@laiknd blds fy, mRrjnk;h ugha gSaA dqy ist&102 Ph. : 011-26511845, 26517923, 45503170 Email : info@krishijagran.com Web : www.krishijagran.com

06

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

laikndh;---------------------------08

D;k ns'k esa jk"Vªh; Ñf"k dEiuh gksuh pkfg,----------68

Ñf"k lekpkj---------------------10

/kku dh ,l-vkj-vkbZ¼Jh fof/k½ ls /kku mRiknu---------------------72

dEiuh lekpkj-----------------22

/kku dh Qly esa dhV izca/ku------------------------78

lk{kkRdkj % fdlku bl ns'k dh /kjksgj gSa % jk/kkeksgu flag------------------40 lk{kkRdkj % vf/kd ls vf/kd ns'kokfl;ksa dks dkS'ky izf'k{k.k iznku djuk gekjk y{; % t;ar Ñ".kk-----------------------42 lk{kkRdkj % vf/kd ls vf/kd ns'kokfl;ksa dks dkS'ky izf'k{k.k iznku djuk gekjk y{; % t;ar Ñ".kk-----------------------48

izksM~DV ykWUp---------------------84

flusek--------------------------------86

[kkuk&[ktkuk--------------------88

lk{kkRdkj % U;wure leFkZu ewY; dh flQkfj'k djrk gS % lh-,-lh-ih- ----------------------50

VªsaM ,.M ykbQLVkby----------------------90

Ñf"k ijke'kZ----------------------54

jkf'kQy-----------------------------92

miyfC/k % Ñf"k esa iz;kl dj LokoyEch cuha iwue ---------------------------------56

[ksy------------------------------------94

dqlqe o`{k ij yk[k dh [ksrh-------------------58

jktuhfr-----------------------------96

uhacwoxhZ; Qyksa dh mRiknu rduhdh--------------62

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laikndh;

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21 (1996-2016)

mRikndrk o`f) ds fy, [kjirokj fu;a=.k vko';d

laikndh;

v

xj nksgjk utfj;k ns[kuk gS rks ç—fr esa gh ns[kk tk ldrk gSA dgha ewlyk/kkj ckfj'k gS rks dgha lw[ks dh ekjA Qlyksa dh o`f) ds lkFk&lkFk [kjirokjksa dh leL;k gksuk vke ckr gSA vkt [kk|kUuksa dh deh ds dkj.kksa dk fo'ys"k.k djsa rks gesa irk pysxk fd Qlyksa esa fofHkUu dhVksa o vU; dkj.kksa ls okf"kZd gkfu gksrh gSA [kjirokj gekjh Hkwfe ls ikuh dks Hkh vo'kksf"kr dj ysrs gSa ftlds dkj.k de flapkbZ dh vko';drk gksus ij Hkh fdlku Hkkb;ksa dks vf/kd ikuh nsuk iM+rk gS blfy, le; ij [kjirokj fu;a=.k vR;ar vko';d gSA [kjhQ Qlyksa dk Hkkjrh; —f"k o ns'k dh vFkZO;oLFkk dks lq–<+ cuk, j[kus esa cgqr gh egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku jgk gSA [kjhQ Qlyksa dh mRikndrk 1458 fd-xzk-@gSDVs;j gS tks fd ns'k dh jch Qlyksa dh mRikndrk ls dkQh ihNs gSA [kjhQ Qlyksa esa egRoiw.kZ Qlysa /kku] eDdk] cktjk] ewaxQyh] fry] vjgj] lks;kchu bR;kfn gSaA bu Qlyksa esa /kku eq[; [kk| Qly gS tks fd iwjs ns'k esa mxkbZ tkrh gS vkSj fo'o Hkj esa bldh [kir vxz.kh gSA bl ekSle esa flapkbZ dh deh rFkk dHkh ikuh dh vf/kdrk dk Qlyksa ij cqjk çHkko iM+rk gSA blds vykok ekSle esa vf/kd 'kq"drk rFkk rkieku esa yxkrkj mrkj&p<+ko dhM+ksa rFkk chekfj;ksa dks U;ksrk nsrk gSA blds dkj.k Qlyksa dks lqjf{kr j[kuk fdlku ds

fy, cgqr cM+h ftEesnkjh gks tkrh gSA [kjirokj Qlyksa dks çkIr gksus okyh 47 çfr'kr ukbVªkstu] 42 çfr'kr Q‚LQksjl] 50 çfr'kr iksVk'k] 39 çfr'kr dSfY'k;e vkSj 24 çfr'kr eSXuhf'k;e rd dk mi;ksx dj ysrs gSaA blds lkFk&lkFk [kjirokj Qlyksa ds fy, uqdlkunk;d jksxksa vkSj dhVksa dks Hkh vkJ; nsdj Qlyksa dks uqdlku igqapkrs gSaA blds vykok dqN tgjhys [kjirokj tSls xktj ?kkl] /krwjk] xks[k:] dkaVsnkj pkSykbZ vkfn u dsoy QkeZ mRikn dh xq.koÙkk dks ?kVkrs gSa cfYd euq"; vkSj i'kqvksa ds LokLF; ds çfr [krjk mRiUu djrs gSaA Qlyksa esa fdlh Hkh voLFkk esa [kjirokj fu;a=.k djuk leku :i ls vkfFkZd –f"V ls ykHkdkjh ugha gksrk gSA fdlku [kjirokjksa dks viuh Qlyksa esa fofHkUu fof/k;ksa tSls d"kZ.k] ;kaf=dh] jlk;uksa rFkk ck;ksykWftdy fof/k vkfn dk ç;ksx djds fu;af=r dj ldrs gSa blfy, jlk;uksa }kjk [kjirokj tYnh o çHkko'kkyh <ax ls fu;af=r fd, tkrs gSaA ;g fof/k vkfFkZd –f"V ls ykHkdkjh Hkh gSA 'kks/k dk;ksaZ }kjk çekf.kr dqN fuEufyf[kr “kL; fØ;k,a Hkh [kjirokjksa ds çdksi dks de djus esa ykHknk;d ikbZ xbZ gSa tSls e`nk lkSjhdj.k] thjks fVyst rduhd vkSj jklk;fud [kjirokj fu;a=.k dj ldrs gSaA & ,e-lh- Mksfefud Email : dominic@krishijagran.com

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08

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016


Ñf"k lekpkj

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thfodksiktZu dk tfj;k >esys dk lkSnk gS Qly gS lsc dh ckxokuh chek ;kstuk

fg

ekpy izns”k esa lsc dh ckxokuh yk[kksa ifjokj ds fy, thfodksiktZu dk tfj;k cuk gqvk gSA le; ds lkFk&lkFk fgekpy çns'k esa bldh [ksrh dk foLrkj gqvk gS vkSj orZeku esa yxHkx 1-7 yk[k ls vf/kd ifjokjksa dh thfodk dk lk/ku gSA fgekpy esa 1]09]533 gSDVs;j esa lsc ds ckx gSaA lw=ksa ds vuqlkj fgekpy çns'k esa lsc dk jdck 1950&51 ds nkSjku 40 gSDVs;j gksrk FkkA lscksa ds ckx esa foLrkj gksrk x;k vkSj orZeku esa Qyksa ds dqy {ks= dk djhc 49 çfr'kr {ks= lsc ds varxZr gSA ljdkj dh dksf'k'k ds dkj.k lsc dh [ksrh dk nk;jk c<+k gS vkSj f'keyk] dqYyw] fdUukSj] eaMh] pack rFkk fljekSj ftys vkSj vc ykgkSy&Lihfr tSls vkfnoklh cgqy ftyksa esa Hkh lsc dh [ksrh çeq[k rkSj ij gksrh gSA yksx cM+s iSekus ij lsc dh [ksrh djrs gSaA bl {ks= ds yk[kksa yksxksa dks jkstxkj feyk gqvk gS vkSj yksxksa dh thou'kSyh cgqr csgrj gqbZA ljdkj yksxksa dks T;knk mit nsus okyh lsc dh fdLeksa ds lkFk mRikndksa dks csgrj foi.ku cqfu;knh <kapk eqgS;k djk jgh gSA

catj Hkwfe esa gks jgh dsys dh [ksrh

ca

tj tehu [ksrh ds yk;d ugha gksus ds dkj.k fdlku mls [kkyh NksM+ nsrs Fks ysfdu vc ,slk ugha gS D;ksafd fdlkuksa us catj tehu ij Hkh QlyksRiknu dj vPNk ykHk dekuk “kq: dj fn;k gSA lw=ksa ls feyh tkudkjh ds vuqlkj >kj[k.M ds cgjkxksM+k ds ;qok fdlku fo'othr iky catj Hkwfe dk iwjk Qk;nk mBk jgs gSaA budk ifjokj vkjaHk ls gh [ksrh&fdlkuh dj jgk FkkA /kku dh [ksrh djrs&djrs fo”othr dk eu iyVk vkSj mUgksaus dsys dh [ksrh djuk “kq: dj fn;kA igyh ckj mUgksaus lkr ch?kk tehu ij dsys dh [ksrh dh ftlesa vf/kdrj catj tehu “kkfey gSA dsys ds dqy 10

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

>k

j[k.M ds fdlku ç/kkuea=h Qly chek ;kt s uk eas dkbsZ [kkl fnypLih ugha fn[kk jgs gAaS Qly chek ;kt s uk fdlkukas ds fy, gj rjg ls Qk;nesna gkuss ds ckn Hkh fdlku bl ;kt s uk dk Hkjijw ykHk ugha ys ik jgs gAaS iwohZ flagHkwe ftys esa 55 gtkj fdlkuksa dk Qly chek djkus dk ljdkj dk y{; FkkA bl ;kstuk ds izfr fdlkuksa dh mnklhurk dk vanktk blh ckr ls yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd vc rd flQZ 6500 fdlkuksa us gh Qly chek djok;k gSA ;g dguk vfr”;ksfDr ugha gksxh fd ;k rks fdlku bl ;kstuk ls vufHkK gSa ;k fQj os bls >esys ls brj ugha le> jgs gSaA ogha ftyk lgdkfjrk dh ekusa rks fdlkuksa dks chek djkus ds laca/k esa çpkj&çlkj fd;k tk jgk gSA blds ckotwn fdlku bl ;kstuk dk ykHk ysus esa :fp ugha ys jgs gSaA okLro esa fdlkuksa dks iz/kkuea=h Qly chek ;kstuk dh fof/kor tkudkjh gh ugha gSA tc rd fdlkuksa dks Qly chek dh iwjh tkudkjh ugha fey tk,xh rc rd fdlku blesa :fp ugha ysaxsA 2900 ikS/ks yxk, x, gSa ftuesa ls vc rd yxHkx 600 ikS/kksa esa Qy vk pqds gSaA 'ks"k esa Qwy yxs gq, gSaA fo'othr iky dh [ksrh ls vklikl ds fdlku Hkh izHkkfor gksdj dsys dh [ksrh ds fy, rS;kj gSaA


Ñf"k lekpkj

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fctusl ds dbZ fodYi gSa vQxkfuLrku esa % vferkHk

v

QxkfuLrku Hkkjr ds iM+kslh ns”kksa esa ls ,d gSA ;gka O;olk; dks ysdj dkQh fodYi vkSj volj ekStwn gSaA Hkkjr blesa vge jksy fuHkk ldrk gSA ;g ckr ihVhlh bafM;k fyfeVsM ds ps;jeSu nhid vferkHk us fQDdh }kjk vk;ksftr esM bu vQxkfuLrku Fkhe ij vk/kkfjr dkWUÝsal o ,Dthfc”ku esa Lokxr mn~cks/ku ds nkSjku dghA bl volj ij crkSj eq[; vfrfFk Ñf"k] flapkbZ o i”kq/ku ea=ky; ds miea=h ,p- bZ- vCnqy dkfnj tkosn us vQxkfuLrku ls vius fj”rs vQxkfuLrku ls lqx<+ djus ij tksj MkykA mUgksaus dgk fd ;g dk;ZØe nksuksa ns”kksa ds chp ,d u;k njoktk [kksy ldrk gSA mUgksaus ;g Hkh crk;k fd vQxkfuLrku esa MªkbZ ÝwV dh vf/kd iSnkokj gksrh gS vkSj ge dbZ ns”kksa esa bls lIykbZ djrs gSaA bu lc mRiknksa dk fctusl djds nksuksa ns”k vkSj etcwr gks ldrs gSaA ogha vQxkfuLrku ds bLykfed fjifCyd ds nwrkokl ds jktnwr “kSnk eksgEen vCnyh us dgk fd bl vk;kstu dk edln vQxkfuLrku esa cus mRiknksa

12

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

dks Hkkjr esa cM+s Lrj ij ysdj vkuk gSA mUgksaus ;g Hkh crk;k fd ns”k esa dbZ {ks=ksa tSls Ñf"k] gSYFkds;j] Qk;cj] [kk| izlaLdj.k] iSfdax vkfn {ks=ksa esa cgqr volj gSaA gekjs ns”k esa cgqr ls izkÑfrd lalk/ku Hkh ekStwn gSa tks O;olk; dks c<+kus esa lgk;d gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd os Hkkjr esa efgykvksa dh Hkkxhnkjh ns[kdj csgn [kq”k gSaA bl volj ij fofurk fceHksV fQDdh efgyk laLFkku dh izsflMsaV] xqytku fteckjh] vQxkfuLrku efgyk fctusl eaMy dh lhbZvks] vafcd “kek] Mk;jsDV tujy] fQDdh vkfn yksx ekStwn FksA


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yksx le>sa th,e dk eryc % M‚- ijksnk

LV Q‚j ,MokalesaV v‚Q ,xzhdYpj lkbal ¼Vkl½ laLFkk }kjk ukl dkWEIysDl esa —f"k {ks= esa gks jgh rjDdh] ck;ksVsd buksos'ku vkSj fofHkUu eqÌksa ij ppkZ djus ds fy, iSuy fMLd”ku dk vk;kstu fd;kA çksxzke dh 'kq:vkr Vkl ds ps;jeSu M‚- vkj- ,lijksnk us dhA mUgksaus dgk fd gesa fdlkuksa dks ;s le>kuk gksxk fd ck;ksVsDuksy‚th dk eryc flQZ th,e VsDuksykWth ugha gSA dkuwu esa ikjnf'kZrk ykuh gksxh ftlls vke balku dks Hkh th,e dk eryc le> vk ldsA —f"k {ks= esa ck;ksVsDuksykWth] uSuksVsDuksykWth vkfn us —f"k {ks= esa ubZ mEehn txkbZ gSA ck;ksVsDuksykWth foHkkx ds ,Mokbtj M‚- ,ljko us dgk fd Hkkjr esa chVh d‚Vu ds ckn dkQh cnyko vk;k gSA geus cgqr lh VsDuksykWth dks ugha viuk;kA mudk dguk Fkk fd Hkkjr ds fdlku vius gh cht bLrseky djuk ilan djrs gSaA iwoZ v/;{k

16

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

,xzhdYpj lkbafVLV fjØwVesaV cksMZ M‚- lh- Mh e;h us dgk fd vkt Hkh Hkkjr dk fdlku th,e dk eryc flQZ chVh dks gh le>rk gSA Hkkjr us ges'kk ls gh VsDuksykWth dks viukus esa nsjh dh gSA ns'k esa gj VsDuksykWth dks igys gh Qsy dj fn;k tkrk gSA chVh us ns'k dh HkkSxksfyd fLFkfr esa rks dkQh ifjorZu fd;k gS ysfdu Hkkjr dks chVh Hkh ugha cny ikbZA fdlkuksa dk de i<+k&fy[kk gksuk Hkh —f"k esa fiNMs+iu dk dkj.k gSA bl ppkZ esa Vkl ds ps;jeSu M‚- vkj- ,l- ijksn+k] vkbZlhvkj ds Mhth M‚f=ykspu egkik=k] M‚- vkj- vkj gfUpuky çksVsD'ku v‚Q IykaV osjk;Vh ,aM QkeZj jkbV vFkkWfjVh v‚Q bafM;k vkSj M‚- vkj- ch- flag ukl ds iwoZ v/;{k] M‚nhid isaVy fnYyh ;wuhoflZVh ds iwoZ okbl pkalyj] M‚- lqjs'k iky lh,lhih ds esacj] M‚- ,e- çHkkdj jko ,u,l,vkbZ ds v/;{k] M‚- ijs'k oekZ ,cy&,th desVh ds gSM+] M‚- ts- ,l- pkSgku] ,Mhth lhM~l vkbZlh,vkj vkSj M‚- uhfr foylu vkuan ,aM vkuan dh ikVZuj Hkh 'kkfey gqbZaA ppkZ ds var esa M‚- ijksn+k us dgk fd ck;ksVsDuksykWth ds çfr yksxksa dks vos;j djus dh cgqr vko';drk gSA th,e dh xkbMykbal esa lq/kkj dh t:jr gSA


bQdks fdlku

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bQdks fdlku }kjk i.Mqvk fdlku mRiknd laxBu ¼,Q-ih-vks½ dk 'kqHkkjEHk

c‚ b

Qdks fdlku ds lh- bZ- vks- Jh lanhi eYgks=k }kjk i.Mqvk fdlku çksMîwlj daiuh dk mn~?kkVu gky gh esa fd;k x;kA bl volj ij MkW- jRuk Ms] esEcj v‚Q ikfyZ;kesaV] bQdks ds ekdsZfVax Mk;jsDVj] vjfoUn j‚; o bQdks ds vU; vf/kdkjh mifLFkr FksA blds vykok ukckMZ] ,l- ,Q,- lh-] bQdks Vksfd;ks ,oa gqxyh ftyk ,MfefuLVªs'ku o —f"k foHkkx] —f"k foKku dsaæ] ,;jVsy] Q‚LQsV daiuh] —f"k tkxj.k] lqfeVkseks dsfedy] vkbZ- ih- ,uvkbZ- ds ofj"B vf/kdkjh lfefyr gq,A ;g dk;ZØe if'pe caxky ds ftyk gqxyh iksLV i.Mqvk esa vk;ksftr fd;k x;kA bl volj ij yxHkx 600 fdlku mifLFkr gq,A i.Mqvk bQdks fdlku çksMîwlj daiuh 3 twu 2016 dks jftLVj gqbZA bl daiuh dk eq[; mís'; fdlkuksa esa m|ferk dk fodkl dj mudh vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd fLFkfr esa lq/kkj djuk gSA fdlku mRiknd laxBu esa mRiknd fdlku vkil esa lewg cukdj fdlh Hkh O;olk; dks vkilh lgHkkfxrk ls dj ldrs gSaA tSls eNyh ikyu] eqxhZ ikyu] e/kqeD[kh ikyu] Ms;jh bR;kfn dks pqudj vko';drk ds vuq:i O;olk; dj ldrs gSaA bQdks fdlku }kjk fiNys foÙk o"kZ 2015&16 esa dqy 643 fdlku Dyc cuk, x, gSa ftlesa ls bQdks fdlku us 15 fdlku mRiknd laxBu LFkkfir djus dk fopkj fd;k gSA orZeku o"kZ esa bQdks fdlku us 4 fdlku mRiknd laxBu cukus dk ladYi fy;k gSA bu 4 fdlku laxBuksa esa ls 3 tks xqtjkr esa gSa]

jftLVªs'ku dk;Z çxfr ij gSa rFkk if'pe caxky ds fdlku mRiknd laxBu ¼,Q-ih-vks½ dks Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk iath—r fd;k x;k gSA i.Mqvk fdlku mRiknd laxBu if'pe caxky esa ftyk gqxyh esa 20 xk¡oksa dks lfEefyr dj cuk;k x;k gSA bl fdlku mRiknd laxBu lewg us çFke o"kZ esa VekVj o vkyw dh [ksrh esa ewY; lao/kZu djus dk QSlyk fd;k gSA blds vykok bQdks fdlku us vko';d dkS'ky fuekZ.k o vU; lgk;rk nsus dk eu cuk;k gSA bQdks fdlku bl laxBu ls tqM+s fdlkukas dks mUur —f"k dk mfpr ekxZn'ku ns jgk gS rkfd fdlkuksa dh vk; c<+ ldsA gqxyh ftys ds tehu ds ikuh esa vklsZfud dh ek=k r; lhek ls dkQh vf/kd ikbZ xbZ gSA bls ns[krs gq, bQdks fdlku us bl laxBu dks vkj- vksckWVfyax IykaV yxkus esa vkfFkZd lgk;rk nsus dk QSlyk fd;k gSA xqtjkr esa ukckMZ dh lgk;rk ls bQdks fdlku] fdlku mRiknd laxBu LFkkfir dj jgk gSA xqtjkr esa 2 fdlku mRiknd laxBu ftyk xka/khuxj ¼nsgxke½ tcfd rhljk fdlku mRiknd laxBu lkcjdkaBk ¼oko½ esa 10 xk¡oksa dks lfEefyr dj cuk;k x;k gSA

çLrqfr % MkW- uxsUæ 'kekZ] Mh- th- ,e-1] bQdks fdlku lapkj fyfeVsM] ubZ fnYyh&17 20

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016


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t‚u fM;j ls feyk mEehn ls T;knk

lk

ekU; rkSj ij dksbZ Hkh balku vius thou dh 'kq#vkr vPNs dke ds lkFk djrk gSaA mls ,d vPNs eqdke ij igqapus ds fy, dM+h esgur vkSj yxu ls dk;Z djuk iM+rk gS gkykafd mldks dfBukb;ksa dk Hkh lkeuk djuk iM+rk gSA fQj Hkh –<+ fu'p; vkSj yxu okys balku ges'kk bu dfBukb;ksa ls ikj gksdj ,d vPNs eqdke dks gkfly dj ysrs gSaA ,slh gh esgur dj fcgkj ds furh'k dqekj us vius fy, eqdke cuk;k vkSj lQyrk gkfly dj viuh ,d vyx igpku cukbZA furh'k dqekj dh ftruh T;knk 'kCnksa rkjhQ dh tk, mruh gh de gSA fcgkj ds ukyank ftys ds fcgkj 'kjhQ esa jgus okys 21 o"khZ; furh'k dqekj us vius firk çeksn dqekj ds mlwyksa ij pyrs gq, eqdke gkfly fd;k gSA furh'k dqekj dh dgkuh nwljs yksxksa ls FkksM+h vyx gSA oks crkrs gSa fd ikik fctusl dj ifjokj pykrs FksA mu ds Åij gh iwjh ftEesnkjh Fkh ftls oks c[kwch fuHkk jgs FksA mUgksaus dgk] ijs'kkuh vkSj leL;k,a rks lHkh ds lkeus vkrh gSaA vkSj blh rjg dh ifjfLFkfr gekjs lkeus Hkh vkbZ vkSj gesa ijs'kkuh ds nkSj ls xqtjuk iM+kA blh ds nkSjku furh'k us lky 2007 esa vius baVjehfM,V dh f'k{kk iwjh dhA ?kj ds gkykr dks ns[krs gq, furh'k dqekj us vkxs uk i<+us dk fu'p; fd;k vkSj mUgksaus Bku fy;k fd dqN ,slk djuk gS ftlls fd muds ifjokj dks dHkh fQj ls ijs'kkfu;ksa dk lkeuk u djuk iM+sA furh'k crkrs gSa fd i<+kbZ iwjh djus ds ckn mUgksaus ukSdjh dh ryk'k 'kq: dhA ml le; muds ikl flQZ 1000 #i, Fks vkSj Åij ls ifjokj dh Hkh muds Åij ftEesnkjh Fkh ysfdu furh'k us gkj ugha ekuh –<+ fu'p; ds lkFk mUgksaus viuh ukSdjh dks pkyw j[kkA oks ,d iEilsV daiuh ds lkFk viuh ukSdjh dh 'kq#vkr Hkh dj pqds Fks ysfdu furh'k us vius ifjokj dks lc lq[k lqfo/kk,a nsus dh BkuhA blds fy, t#jr Fkh vPNs O;olk; vkSj iSls dhA gkykafd furh'k ukSdjh djus ds nkSjku fdlkuksa ds e/; viuh ,d [kkl igpku cuk pqds Fks ysfdu os dqN cM+k djus dk jkLrk <wa< jgs FksA rHkh mudh eqykdkr t‚u fM;j ds fctusl MsoyiesaV eSustj f=ykspu ls gqbZA f=ykspu us mUgsa t‚u fM;j dh Mhyjf'ki ds fo"k; esa crk;kA furh'k dks f=ykspu dh ckr rks le> vk xbZ ysfdu ;gk¡ ij cM+k loky Fkk iSls dk D;ksafd furh'k ds ikl iw¡th de Fkh] fQj Hkh mUgksaus fgEer ugha gkjhA ;g leL;k mUgksaus vius fe= pUnu dqekj dks crkbZA oks dkWiksZjs'ku cSad esa çca/kd ds in ij FksA fQj D;k Fkk] pUnu dqekj us furh'k dks Qkbusal ds tfj, ckdh jde tqVkus ds fy, çsfjr dj mudks iwjk lg;ksx fn;kA vkf[kjdkj furh'k dqekj us t‚u fM;j dh VªSDVj ,tsalh ys yhA t‚u fM;j dh VªSDVj ,tsalh ysus ds ckn furh'k dh ftanxh esa cnyko vkus 'kq# gks x,A furh'k 22

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

crkrs gSa fd t‚u fM;j dh ,tsalh ysus ds ckn ifjokj dh vkfFkZd fLFkfr Bhd gks xbZ vkSj blds ckn mUgksaus cguksa dh 'kknh Hkh dhA furh'k us t‚u fM;j dh ,tsalh lky 2014 esa yhA muds ikl nks ftyksa ukyank vkSj 'ks[kiqjk dh ,tsafl;ka gSaA furh'k crkrs gSa] fd mudh ,tsalh esa 18 yksx dk;Z dj jgs gSaA furh'k lky esa yxHkx 72 ls vf/kd VªSDVj csp nsrs gSa ftuesa eq[; :i ls 5031 Mh vkSj 36 Mh dh vf/kd fcØh gksrh gSA blds vxys lky ds fy, 75 VªSDVj dk y{; j[kk gSA bl ,tsalh ds pyrs mudks vPNh vk; gksrh gSA furh'k bldk iwjk Js; t‚u fM;j dks nsrs gSaA furh'k dgrs gSa fd t‚u fM;j ,dek= ,slk czkaM gS tks fd fdlkuksa ds fy, lgh esa vPNk dk;Z djrk gSA ;fn t‚u fM;j dh lsokvksa vkSj lqfo/kkvksa ds fo"k; esa ckr djsa rks ;g dguk xyr ugha gksxk fd t‚u fM;j vius xzkgdksa dks iwjh rjg ls larqf"V nsrk gSA furh'k dgrs gaS fd t‚u fM;j ls feyh lqfo/kkvksa vkSj ekxZn'kZu esa geus ,d vPNh igpku cukbZA ;gka ij fdlkuksa ds e/; vxj gekjh ,d vPNh igpku gS rks oks flQZ t‚u fM;j ds dkj.kA t‚u fM;j u flQZ ,d VªSDVj daiuh gS] cfYd ;g ,d ifjokj gS] tks fdlkuksa ls ysdj vius lHkh deZpkfj;ksa vkSj MhylZ rd dk [;ky j[krs gSaA daiuh fdlkuksa dks ,d gh Nr ds uhps lHkh lqfo/kk,a tSls Qkbusal] ba';ksjsal] lfoZl] Mseks vkSj VªSDVj ikV~lZ vkfn miyC/k djkrh gSA blh ds lkFk t‚u fM;j MhylZ ds fy, tSls Vªsfuax vkSj ekxZn'kZu ds lkFk mudks vkxs c<+us esa lgk;d lqfo/kk,a Hkh çnku djrh gSA bl daiuh ls fdlku vkSj Mhyj nksuks gh larq"V gaSA tgk¡ rd daiuh ds mRikn dh xq.koÙkk dk loky gS rks t‚u fM;j ds VªSDVlZ dh xq.koÙkk ds ekeys esa dksbZ rqyuk ugha gSA blds fo"k; esa ,d fdlku ls csgrj dksbZ ugha crk ldrk vkSj ,d fdlku gksus ds ukrs esa dg ldrk gwa fd t‚u fM;j ls csgrj dqN ugha gSA furh'k dqekj dgrs gSa fd tgka rd t‚u fM;j ds lkFk esjs vuqHko dk loky gS rks ;g esjk vc rd dk lcls vPNk vuqHko jgk gSA ge t‚u fM;j dk 'kqfØ;k vnk djuk pkgsaxs fd t‚u fM;j us gesa lg;ksx fn;kA ftlls gesa ,d ubZ fn'kk feyh vkSj bl ,tsalh ls dekbZ dk vPNk tfj;k Hkh feykA nwljs fdlkuksa ds fy, Hkh t‚u fM;j vPNh —f"k ds lkFk jkstxkj ds volj miyC/k djk jgh gS blfy, nwljs fdlkuksa dks Hkh t‚u fM;j ds lkFk tqM+uk pkfg,A eSa iwjs fo'okl ds lkFk dg ldrk gwa fd t‚u fM;j ls tqM+uk gS esjh ftanxh dk csLV fMlhtu-


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gekjs lHkh mRikn vkbZ,lvkbZ ekudksa ij [kjs % gfjeksgu

f"k dk;Z esa flapkbZ dks çeq[k ekuk tkrk gS vkSj ikuh dks lqxerk ls [ksrksa rd igqapkus ds fy, ikbi cM+s dkjxj gksrs gSaA flapkbZ dh bl vko';drk dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, vusd daifu;ksa us ikbi dk fuekZ.k djuk 'kq: fd;k] exj bu lcds chp Jh vEeku i‚fyej çkbosV fyfeVsM daiuh us ihohlh ikbi ds fuekZ.k esa ,d lQy m|e ds :i esa [kqn dks LFkkfir fd;kA bl daiuh }kjk ihohlh ikbi] MªkWi fQfVax ikbi] ckWy oSY;w] bysDVªhdy ikbi lfgr vU; çdkj ds ikbi dk fuekZ.k o forj.k fd;k tkrk gSA daiuh ds Mk;jsDVj gfjeksgu us —f"k tkxj.k

chdsVh dk u;k iMy Lis'ky vkj& 2

ch

dsVh daiuh us lQyrkiwoZd —f"k vkSj ckxokuh vuqç;ksxksa ds lkFk&lkFk vkS|ksfxd okguksa esa fo'ks"kK {ks=ksa esa /;ku dsafær fd;k gSA chdsVh Vk;j m|ksx esa ,d oSf'od f[kykM+h ds :i esa lkeus vk;k gSA dks;EcVwj ds dksMsf'k;k esa vk;ksftr ,xzh baVsDl esys esa chdsVh daiuh us u;k iMy Lis'ky vkj & 2 Vk;j ykWUp fd;k gS ftldk mi;ksx fo'ks"k :i ls /kku ds [ksrksa esa lapkyu ds fy, fd;k tkrk gAS diauh ds vflLVsaV tujy eSustj&ekdsZfVax veunhi flag egsanzw us crk;k fd iMy Li”sky vkj&2 dh [kkfl;r ;g gS fd vfrfjä xgjh çof`Ùk] fo'k"sk iVSuZ fMtkbu] mR—"V d"k.Zk tks xhyh vkjS uje feêh ij lcls vPNh idM+ cukrk gAS mUgkuass crk;k fd ;g Vk;j foLrr` dæas lMd + vuçq;kx s kas ds fy, cgsrj vud q y w u {kerk vkjS vlk/kkj.k losk Hkh çnku djkrk gAS blds lkFk&lkFk viuh fof'k"V cukoV ds dkj.k iMy Li'sky viuh lQkbZ Lo;a djus vkjS T;knk le; rd pyus eas l{ke gAS

24

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

Vhe dks crk;k fd gekjh daiuh fMªi flapkbZ ds fy, ihohlh ikbi dh ,d çeq[k fuekZrk vkSj vkiwfrZdrkZ gSA gekjs mRikn mR—"V dPps eky ls fufeZr gksrs gSa tks vkbZ,lvkbZ ekud ds vuqlkj gSaA gekjs mRikn vU; daifu;ksa ds mRiknksa dh rqyuk esa yacs le; rd pyrs gSaA lkFk gh gekjs mRiknksa dks de ls de j[k&j[kko dh t:jr gksrh gSA mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk fd miHkksäkvksa dh fo'oluh;rk] xzkgdksa ds lkFk etcwr laca/k] ikjn'khZ uSfrd lkSnk vkfn daiuh ds eq[; mís';ksa esa “kkfey gSaA


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jklh gk;ost dh ubZ dk;Zdkfj.kh xfBr

jk

lh lhM~l ls foHkDr gq, jklh gk;ost izkbosV fyfeVsM ds fy, ubZ dk;Zdkfj.kh xfBr djrs gq, cksMZ vkWQ esEclZ dk p;u fd;k x;k gSA ;g cksMZ gk;ost dk ekxZn”kZu djus ds lkFk&lkFk daiuh dk oSf”od Lrj vkSj Hkkjr esa foLrkj djus ds fy, tokcnsgh gksxkA jklh gk;ost dh uohu dk;Zdkfj.kh esa ps;jeSu in ds fy, MkW- ,ejkekLkkeh] ,DthD;w f Vo ps ; jeS u ,llsafFkyukFku] eSusftax Mk;jsDVj MkW- vjfoan diwj o Mk;jsDVj jktsanzu jkeklkeh dk p;u

fd;k x;k gSA cksMZ us MkW- vjfoan diwj o vU; ,eVh esEclZ ds usr`Ro esa gk;ost dh izxfr dks dkQh ljkgkA cksMZ us gk;ost dh Vhe esa fo”okl trk;k vkSj izfrc)rk fn[kkrs gq, vk”kk dh gS fd ge Hkh blh tTcs vkSj tquwu ds lkFk izxfr dh vksj vxzlj jgsaxs vkSj Åapkb;ksa dks Nq,axsA bl volj ij ps;jeSu MkW- jkeklkeh o ,DthD;wfVo ps;jeSu ,l- lsafFkyukFku us dgk fd daiuh dk foLrkj djus ds fy, gekjs ikl dbZ cM+h ;kstuk,a gSaA blls deZpkfj;ksa dks vkxs c<+us vkSj ubZ Åapkb;ka Nwus ds volj izkIr gksaxsA cksMZ dks xfBr djus dk mÌs”; deZpkfj;ksa ds dfj;j o foRrh; fodkl ds lkFk mUgsa u, volj iznku djuk gSA

VkVk dsfedYl us ;kjk QfVZykbtj dks cspk ;wfj;k fctusl

Vk

Vk dsfedYl ns'k dh tkuh&ekuh —f"k jlk;u daiuh gSA cM+h ek=k esa ;g daiuh —f"k jlk;u vkSj moZjdksa dk mRiknu

djrh gSA gky gh esa ,d egRoiw.kZ fu.kZ; ds pyrs VkVk dsfedYl us vius ;wfj;k fctusl dks ;kjk QfVZykbtj bafM;k çkbosV fyfeVsM dks 2]670 djksM+ #i, esa cspkA daiuh us mEehn trkbZ dh bl lkSns dks vxys 9&12 eghuksa esa iwjk dj fy;k tk,xkA VkVk dsfedYl us dgk gS fd ^;wfj;k fctusl ls tqM+s ,lsV] nsunkjh] d‚UVªSDV vkfn lHkh ;kjk QfVZykbtj bafM;k çkbosV fyfeVsM dks VªkalQj dj fn;k tk,xkA blds cnys ;kjk bafM;k ,deq'r Hkqxrku djsxkA VkVk dsfedYl ds ;wfj;k IykaV dh mRiknu {kerk 7 yk[k Vu veksfu;k vkSj 12 yk[k Vu ;wfj;k gSA daiuh us bl IykaV dh 'kq#vkr 1994 esa dh FkhA

Qlyksa dk lQy fodkl djsxk lkMkohj

fd

lkuksa dks lcls cM+h leL;k ml le; gksrh gS tc os vusd izdkj dh Qlyksa dh cqokbZ rks dj nsrs gSa ysfdu lHkh Qlyksa esa vyx&vyx izdkj dh moZjd Mkyus ds fy, iwath dh dfBukbZ dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gSA gkykafd bl leL;k dk funku U;wVªhds;j ck;ks lkbal izkbosV fyfeVsM dEiuh us fnyk fn;k gSA

26

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

dEiuh ds fctusl ,lksfl,V vt; xaxokj us crk;k fd dEiuh us lkMkohj uke dk tSfod moZjd rS;kj fd;k gS ftldks lHkh izdkj dh Qlyksa esa mi;ksx fd;k tk ldrk gSA Qlyksa ds “kh?kz fddkl vkSj vf/kd mRiknu ds fy, bldks ikuh esa feykdj fNM+dko dj ldrs gSaA blds csgrj ifj.kke ds fy, 500 xzke nok esa 1000 fyVj ikuh feyk dj rhu ls pkj ,dM+ dh Qly esa fNM+dko fd;k tk ldrk gSA bl mRikn dh dher ek= 415 #i, gSA


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chdsVh Vk;lZ us VwOghyj Vk;j lSxesaV esa dne j[kk yksdfç; c‚yhoqM vfHkusrk vkSj daiuh ds czkaM ,sEcSlMj lUuh fn;ksy us 'kkunkj ykap lekjksg esa f'kjdr dh

Hkk

jr dh vxz.kh v‚Q&gkbZos Vk;j fuekZrk dEiuh cky—".k baMLVªht fyfeVsM ¼e'kgwj uke&chdsVh½ us 10 vxLr 2016 dks ,d çsl dkWUÝsal esa ns'k ds VwOghyj Vk;j cktkj esa dne j[kus dh ?kks"k.kk dhA —f"k] fuekZ.k] vkS|ksfxd okguksa ds lkFk&lkFk vFkZewfoax] canjxkg o [kuu] ,Vhoh ,oa xkMZfuax ,Iyhds'kUl ds {ks= esa viuk vxz.kh LFkku cukus ds ckn chdsVh Vk;j vc Hkkjr ds c<+rs VwOghyj Vk;j cktkj esa viuh igpku dk;e djus ds fy, iwjh rjg ls rS;kj gSA dEiuh us ,d 'kkunkj lekjksg vk;ksftr dj bl ubZ Js.kh esa vius ços'k dh ?kks"k.kk dh rFkk bl lSxesaV ds fy, cuk, x, vius nks mRikn Hkh çnf'kZr fd,A bl ekSds ij c‚yhoqM ds ekpks eSu vkSj chdsVh ds czkaM ,sEcslsMj lUuh fn;ksy us nks ¶ySxf'ki iSVuZ Vkbi chds ik;yV vkSj chds j¶rkj ykWUp fd,A 840 yk[k Vk;j çfr o"kksaZ ds vuqekfur cktkj vkdkj rFkk 360 yk[k lkykuk ds fjIyslesaV ekfdZV lkbt ds lkFk Hkkjr ds VwOghyj cktkj dks chdsVh Vk;lZ ds vkus ls cgqr c<+kok feysxkA Hkkjr ds xkaoksa vkSj nwj njkt ds bykdksa rd mPpre DokfyVh ds VwOghyj Vk;j eqgS;k djk dj dEiuh us xzkeh.k ifjogu dh csgrjh dk y{; fu/kkZfjr fd;k gSA bl Js.kh esa chdsVh ds ços'k ls chdsVh ds MhylZ dks lkyHkj dkjksckj ds vf/kd ekSds feyrs jgsaxsA cktkjksa esa chdsVh dh foflfcfyVh esa Hkh btkQk gksxkA chds ik;yV vkSj chds j¶rkj] ;s nksuksa gh Vk;j mu fo'ks"krkvksa ls ;qä gSa tks lQj dks lqjf{kr] rst vkSj T;knk vkuandkjh cuk nsrs gSaA chds ik;yV ÝaV Vk;j gS tks csgrj LVh;fjax ds fy, Mk;jsD'kuy xzwOl vkSj lM+d ij iq[rk idM+ o gkbZ ijQkWesaZl ds fy, okbM 'kksYMj tSls QhplZ ls ;qä gSA chds j¶rkj fj;j Vk;j gS tks vkØked fMtkbu o l[r yqd dk laxe gSA gkbZ ijQkWesaZl dEikmaM ls fufeZr chds j¶rkj lM+d ij tkunkj oSV fxzi nsrk gSA dEiuh ds bl dne ds ckjs esa chdsVh Vk;lZ ds la;qä çca/k funs'kd jktho iksíkj us dgk]ß VwOghyj Vk;j baMLVªh 8-5 çfr'kr dh lkykuk nj ls c<+ jgh gSA cktkj dh nenkj laHkkoukvksa vkSj xzkeh.k Hkkjr esa igq¡p dks ns[krs gq, gekjh ;kstuk vius

28

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

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,evkj,Q dk 'kfä ykbQ Iyl Vk;j

Lkhekar fdlkuksa dks ykHkkafor djuk xzhOl dkWVu dk mís';

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cqjh iqLrdksa dks Ik<+uk tgj ihus ds leku gS A


Produced, Packed & Marketed by :

SOMANI KANAK SEEDZ PVT. LTD. REGD. OFFICE : C-91/7,2nd FLOOR, WAZIRPUR INDL. AREA DELHI-110052 PROCESSING PLANT : PLOT NO. 1663, HSIIDC, RAI -131029 (HR) CONSUMER CARE NO. : 0130-2367647 email : somanikanakseedz@gmail.com website : www.somaniseedz.com


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gekjs mRikn fdlkuksa dh ns'k esa gj rhljk O;fDr t:jr ds fglkc ls Xkksnjst dk xzkgd miyC/k % ,- ejkxFke

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,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

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34

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

fVªaxks gk;fjax dsUæksa dk igyk lsV lh/ks fdlkuksa rd igqapsxk ftldk bLrseky fdlku vius vuq:i dj ldsaxsA blds vykok] blls xzkeh.k jkstxkj dks c<+kok feysxk vkSj vko';drk ,oa miyC/krk ds chp dh [kkbZ dks ikVus esa Hkh enn feysxhA lkFk gh fdlkuksa ds chp VªSDVjksa dh vklku igqap cusxhA mUgksaus dgk fd vius mís';ksa dh iwfrZ ds fy, dukZVd gekjs fy, egRoiw.kZ cktkj gSA fVªaxks dks tYn gh xqtjkr] egkjk"Vª] e/; çns'k vkSj jktLFkku esa Hkh 'kq: fd;k tk,xkA xkSjryc gS fd fVªaxks] efgaæk ,aM efgaæk daiuh dh ,d [kkl rjg dh —f"k midj.k ,xzhxsVj lsok gS tks fdlkuksa dks fdlh Hkh fuos'k ds fcuk mudh [ksrh dh vko';drkvksa dks iwjk djus ds fy, VªSDVj vkSj vU; ;a=h—r —f"k midj.k fdjk, ij miyC/k djk,xhA blds fy, fdlku dks daiuh dh rjQ ls tkjh gsYiykbu uacj 18002662668 ij flQZ ,d d‚y djuk gksxk vkSj fVªaxks gj rjg dh lsok,a nsus ds fy, miyC/k gks tk,xkA

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ueZnk ck;ksdse fyfeVsM çkse ls fdlku ys ldsaxs vPNk mRiknu

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fod moZjd cukus okyh tkuh&ekuh daiuh ueZnk ck;ksdse fyfeVsM }kjk fufeZr moZjd çkse ¼QkWLQsfVd fjp vkWxsZfud esU;ksj½ fdlkuksa ds e/; cgqr yksdfç; gks jgk gSA ;g ,d tSfod mRikn gS ftlds tfj, fdlku vPNk mRiknu ys jgs gSaA daiuh ds izca/k funs'kd fnus'k iVsy us —f"k tkxj.k dks crk;k fd ;g mRikn dbZ [kwfc;ksa ls ifjiw.kZ gSA ;g mRikn Mh,ih dh rqyuk esa vPNk dk;Z djrk gS ;k ge dg ldrs gSa fd ;g Mh,ih dk ,d vPNk fodYi gSA yo.kh; feV~Vh tgk¡ ij Mh,ih iwjh rjg ls ukdke gS ogka ij izkse izHkkoh :i ls dke djrk gSA —f"k ea=ky; Hkh çkse ds bLrseky dks iw.kZ :i ls Loh—fr ns pqdk gSA Jh iVsy us crk;k fd ge xqtjkr esa cgqr vf/kd ek=k esa çkse dks fdlkuksa rd igqapk pqds gSaA bldk bLrseky djus okys fdlkuksa ls feyh izfrfØ;kvksa ls ge bl

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pSd@Mh-Mh- o euhvkMZj ,e-,-lh- Ñf"k tkxj.k ds uke ls Hksts] tks ubZ fnYyh esa ns; gksA 36

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016


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iq.ksjh iyVu ds çn'kZu ls [kq'k gS QkslZ eksVlZ

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lZ eksVlZ tkuh&ekuh daiuh gS tks fd VªSDVj vkSj xkfM+;ka cukrh gSA bl daiuh dk —f"k ;a=ksa ds lkFk&lkFk [ksyksa ls Hkh mruk gh tqM+ko gS ftruk fd fdlkuksa lsA Kkr jgs fd QkslZ eksVlZ çks&dcìh lhtu&4 esa iq.ksjh iyVu Vhe dk fçafliy ikVZuj gSA çks&dcìh us n”kZdksa ds chp viuh [kkl igpku cukbZ gSA vkt ;g yksdfç; [ksy cu pqdk gSA QkslZ eksVlZ dh Vhe iq.ksjh iyVu us fiNys vkSj bl o"kZ nksuksa lhtu esa vPNk çn'kZu fd;k gSA Vhe esa crkSj dIrku eathr fNYyj us egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkrs gq, Vhe dks etcwr cuk;k gSA vtqZu iq#Ldkj izkIr v'kksd

www.krishijagran.com f'kans Vhe esa crkSj dksp Vhe dk vPNk ekxZn'kZu dj jgs gSaA iq.ksjh iyVu rsyqxq VkbZVUl dks gjkdj 40-35 dk Ldksj cukdj rhljs LFkku ij dkfct jghA Vhe ds jsMj nhid fuokl gqMk us rsysxq VkbZVUl ds vxsaLV 17 IokbaV dk Ldksj djds çfrf}U}h Vhe dks ekr nsus esa vge Hkwfedk fuHkkbZA QkslZ eksVlZ ds VªSDVlZ fMohtu ds fctusl gSM çnhi /kkjhoky us dgk fd ge iq.ksjh iyVu ds çn'kZu ls cgqr [kq'k gSaA gekjh Vhe us vPNk çn'kZu dj rhljk LFkku lqjf{kr j[kkA mUgksaus dgk ge lHkh tkurs gSa fd dcìh xzkeh.k Hkkjr esa yksdfç; [ksy gSA ;g [ksy 'kkjhfjd etcwrh dk çrhd gSA gekjs xzkgd mlh rjg dh gekjh mPp vkSj vk/kqfud rduhd dks cyoku VªSDVlZ esa ns[krs gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd ge bl etcwr Vhe ds fçafliy ikVZuj cudj cgqr [kq'k gSaA

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IP;wu daiuh dk uke —f"k ;a= fuekZ.k esa vxz.kh gSA ;g daiuh vius mRiknksa }kjk vU; izfr}a}h daifu;ksa dks fur ubZ pqukSfr;ka ns jgh gSA ;g fdlkuksa dh lHkh ewyHkwr lqfo/kkvksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, dbZ —f"k ;a=ksa dk fuekZ.k djrh gS tSls & Lisz;lZ] QksxlZ] gkbZVsd Lizs;lZ] ckxokuh ls lacaf/kr lHkh rjg ds midj.k bR;kfnA daiuh ds ekdsZfVax dksvkWfMZusVj jkgqy Bkdqj us crk;k fd gekjs mRikn vU; daifu;ksa dh vis{kk T;knk fdQk;rh vkSj fVdkÅ gSa ftlls fdlku gekjs mRiknksa dks T;knk ilan djrs gSaA mUgksaus ;g Hkh crk;k fd gekjs mRiknksa ds j[k&j[kko ij de [kpZ vkrk gSA ;gh otg gS fd usIP;wu ds mRikn fdlkuksa dh ilan esa “kqekj gSaA 38

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

,slh daiuh gS tks fdQk;rh vkSj u, flapkbZ fu;a=d midj.k fodflr djrh gSA Kkr gks fd flapkbZ fu;a=d ,d Lopkfyr lVhd flapkbZ vkSj QfVZxs'ku ç.kkyh gSA bldk ç;ksx feêh dh ueh] rkieku] vknZzrk ds vuqlkj fd;k tk ldrk gSA daiuh ds ekdsZfVax ,DthD;wfVo bZ- vtbZ;k us crk;k fd LekVZ flapkbZ fu;a=d ds ç;ksx ls ikuh dh cpr dh tk ldrh gS D;ksafd okWYo dks t:jr ds fglkc ls de ;k T;knk fd;k tk ldrk gSA blls u dsoy ikuh dh cpr gksrh gS cfYd le; vkSj /ku dh Hkh cpr gksrh gSA mUgksaus crk;k fd fdlkuksa ds fy, ;g midj.k dkQh Qk;nsean gSA


9997590539

9548739076 okjk.klh% 9919162664] 9721186608 cgjkbp% 8127677430] 7497971248 dksVk% 9667130901] 9529713902 mn;iqj% 9829344992] 8104444758 Vksad jksM t;iqj% 8432133311] 9529564757


dEiuh lekpkj

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vkd"kZ.k dk dsanz cuk pkj eaftyk oVhZdy QkeZ tSu bjhxs'ku dh mPp rduhd }kjk bZLV ,aM QwM~l us lkdkj dh ifj;kstuk

o

rZeku esa Ñf"k Hkwfe de gksus dh n”kk esa [ksrh dh ubZ rduhd oVhZdy QkfeZax [kklh yksdfç; gks jgh gSA bl rduhd ds tfj, fcuk tehu ds [ksrh dh tkrh gSA bZLV ,aM QwM ds v/;{k baXySaM ds Hkkjrh; m|ksxifr M‚- Vksuh nhi oksgjk us cfeaZ?ke fLFkr vius e‚y ds pkj eafty esa oVhZdy QkeZ rS;kj fd;k gS tks fo”o esa vkd"kZ.k dk dsaæ cuk gqvk gSA bl oVhZdy QkeZ dks cukus dk mís'; 'kkdkgkj Hkkstu vkSj —f"k dh ubZ rduhdksa dks c<+kok nsuk gSA ;g oVhZdy QkeZ —f"k {ks= dh tkuh&ekuh Hkkjrh; dEiuh tSu bjhxs'ku dh mPp rduhd dh lgk;rk ls cuk;k x;k gSA M‚- oksgjk us crk;k fd yxHkx 10 lky igys eSa

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,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

jktLFkku esa vk;k vkSj Hkaoj yky tSu ls feykA mUgksaus igyh eqykdkr esa gh eq>s viuk cukdj —f"k ds 'kk'or fodkl ds fy, ,d fo'okl tkx`r fd;kA blh fo'okl ls eSaus ;wds ykSVus ds i'pkr —f"k {ks= dks mPp rduhd ls tksM+us dh eqghe 'kq: dhA mUgksaus dgk fd ;g lc Jh tSu ds ekxZn”kZu dh cnkSyr gqvk gSA bldh ,d eafty eas geus ikS/kksa dk jksi.k fd;k gS tcfd vU; rhu eaftyksa esa fofo/k Vªs esa lfCt;ksa ds ikS/ks yxk, gSaA bl ekSds ij tSu bjhxs'ku ds çca/k funs'kd vftr tSu us viuh çfrfØ;k nh fd tSu bjhxs'ku ij if'pe ns'kksa ds fdlkuksa dks vf/kd fo'okl gSA tSu bjhxs'ku us 3 lky igys vUu vkSj elkyk çkslsl daiuh fLyvkQksMZ daiuh dk vf/kxzg.k fd;kA


lk{kkRdkj

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fdlku bl ns'k dh /kjksgj gSa % jk/kkeksgu flag

ns

'k esa —f"k dk Lo#Ik cgqr cM+k gSA gkykafd ;g dgkor cgqr gh iqjkuh gS fd Hkkjr ,d Ñf"k iz/kku ns”k gS ysfdu bl dgkor esa vkt dh okLrfodrk pfjrkFkZ gSA Hkkjr cjlksa ls Ñf"k iz/kku ns”k gh jgk gS vkSj vkus okys le; esa Hkh Hkkjrh; Ñf"k viuk ijpe ygjkrh utj vk,xhA uohu rduhdksa ds bLrseky ls vkt Hkkjrh; Ñf"k dks u, vk;ke feys gSa rks dbZ Ñ"kdksa us Lo;eso gh ,slh rduhdsa btkn dh gSa ftuds ek/;e ls Hkkjrh; Ñf"k dks ,d ubZ fn”kk feyh gSA ;gk¡ —f"k dk Lo#i cM+k gksus ds lkFk gj ,d jkT; esa vyx&vyx rjg dh Qlysa gksrh gSaA vkt Hkkjr fo'o esa —f"k ds {ks= esa nwljs LFkku ij vkrk gSA fiNys dqN le; esa ftl rjg ls fdlkuksa] [ksrksa o eafM;ksa dks ubZ rduhd ds lkFk tksM+k x;k gS mlls lkQ tkfgj gS fd ns'k —f"k ds {ks= esa rjDdh dj jgk gSA —f"k ds bl cnyrs Lo#i ds fo"k; esa —f"k tkxj.k us dsanzh; —f"k ea=h jk/kkeksgu flag ls ckr dj —f"k ea=ky; dh ljdkjh xfrfof/k;ksa ds fo"k; esa tkukA is”k gSa muls ckrphr ds eq[; va”k & —f"k ea=ky; esa vius nks lky ds dk;Zdky dks mRiknu c<+kus ds fy, —f"k ea=ky; ds D;k fdl utfj, ls ns[krs gSa\ ç;kl gaS \ eq>s bl ljdkj esa —f"k ea=h jgrs gq, nks lky iwjs ns'k esa —f"k mit c<+kuk gekjk lcls cM+k y{; gks pqds gSaA bu nks lkyksa esa —f"k {ks= esa u, cnyko gSA mRiknu c<+kus ds fy, rhu phtksa dh t#jr gS & gq, gaSA geus dbZ ubZ ;kstuk,a bl le; fdlkuksa ds ikuh] [kkn vkSj mPp xq.koÙkk okys chtA ikuh dks [ksrksa fy, ykxw dh gSaA bu ;kstukvksa ds rgr geus u, Ñf"k rd igqapkus ds fy, ç/kkuea=h —f"k flapkbZ ;kstuk dks foKku dsanzksa dh “kq:vkr dhA eSa le>rk gw¡ fd bu nks fe'ku eksM esa ykxw fd;k tk jgk gSA bldks iw.kZ :Ik lkyksa esa —f"k ds {ks= esa cgqr dke gqvk gS ftlls fd ls lQy cukus ds fy, rhu ea=ky;ksa dks blesa 'kkfey —f"k dks ,d ubZ fn'kk feyh gSA fd;k x;k gSA lky 2015&16 dh rqyuk esa 1550 djksM+ ds cnys 2340 djksM+ :i, vkoaafVr fd, x, gSa tks —f"k fodkl ds fy, ykxw dh xbZ dqN eq[; fiNys lky ds eqdkcys 51 çfr'kr T;knk gSA blds ;kstukvksa ds fo"k; esa crk,a \ vykok cwan flapkbZ ç.kkyh ij Hkh dk;Z fd;k tk jgk —f"k vkSj fdlkuksa ds fodkl ds fy, ljdkj dh gSA tgk¡ rd cht vkSj [kkn dk loky gS fdlkuksa dks vksj ls dbZ eq[; ;kstuk,a ykxw dh xbZ gSa ftuesa eq[; xq.koÙkk okys cht vkSj [kkn eqgS;k djk, tk jgs gSaA :i ls ç/kkuea=h Qly chek ;kstuk] ç/kkuea=h —f"k [ksrh esa vkus okyh vf/kd ykxr dks de djus ds flapkbZ ;kstuk] u, —f"k foKku dsUæksa dk lapkyu] fy, ljdkj us D;k dne mBk, gSa \ bZ&eaMh ç.kkyh dk lapkyu] nky mRiknu c<+kus ds fy, yxkrkj ç;kl vkfn ;kstuk,a “kkfey gSaA —f"k ds [ksrh esa vkus okyh ykxr dks de djus ds fy, fodkl ds fy, ge yxkrkj dk;Z dj jgs gSaA geus uhe dksVsM ;wfj;k dks c<+kok fn;k ftlls fd ,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

41


lk{kkRdkj [kkn dh [kir de gqbZ gSA blls igyh ckj ns'k esa [kkn dh deh ugha gqbZ gSA blds vykok geus lkW;y gSYFk dkMZ ;kstuk Hkh ykxw dh gS ftlls fd feV~Vh dh tkap gksus ls [kkn vkSj ikuh dk lgh bLrseky gks jgk gS vkSj ykxr de gqbZ gSA blds vykok ge ijaijkxr [ksrh dks c<+kok ns jgs gSa ftlds fy, geus lky 2015&16 esa 250 djksM+ :i, dk vkoaVu fd;k gSA jkT; ljdkjsa 8000 ls vf/kd DyLVj cuk pqdh gSaA blds vykok eujsxk ds rgr tSfod [kkn ds mRiknu ds fy, 10 yk[k mRiknu xïksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k x;k gSA blls [ksrh esa vkus okyh ykxr esa deh vk,xh vkSj fdlku Hkh bldk Qk;nk mBk jgs gSaA bl lky Mh,ih ds 50 fdyks ds cksjs ij 125 :i, vkSj ,evksih ij 250 :i, ?kVk fn, x, gSaA fuf'pr :i ls blls ykxr ?kVsxhA ljdkj ds okns ds vuqlkj fdlkuksa dh vk; dks nksxquk djus ds fy, D;k dne mBk, gSa \ tSlk fd ljdkj us fdlkuksa ls oknk fd;k gS fd 2022 rd fdlkuksa dh vk; nksxquh gks tk,xh blds fy, iwjh rjg ls ljdkj ds ç;kl tkjh gaSA j.kuhfr rS;kj djus ds fy, ljdkj us M‚- v'kksd MyokbZ] vij lfpo dh v/;{krk esa —f"k ea=ky; esa ,d lfefr dk xBu fd;k gSA ;gh ugha ukckMZ dks Hkh blesa lg;ksx djus ds fy, geus vkxzg fd;k gSA lkFk gh ljdkj us ijaijkxr —f"k fodkl ;kstuk] uhe ysfir ;wfj;k ;kstuk] lkW;y gSYFk dkMZ ;kstuk vkSj ç/kkuea=h —f"k flapkbZ ;kstuk dks ykxw fd;k tk pqdk gSA blds vykok bZ&eaMh ;kstuk ls fdlkuksa dks lh/kk Qk;nk fey jgk gSA ekpZ 2018 rd blds lkFk 585 eafM;ksa dks bZ&cktkj ls tksM+k tk,xkA blds vykok fdlkuksa dks i'kqikyu ds fy, Hkh çksRlkfgr fd;k tk jgk gS ftlls fd mudks vfrfjä vkenuh gks ldsA gesa ;dhu gS fd 2022 rd fdlkuksa dh vkenuh nksxquh gksxhA nky ds mRiknu dks c<+kus ds fy, vkidh D;k j.kuhfr gS \ nky ds mRiknu dks c<+kus ds fy, ljdkj us gky gh esa leFkZu ewY; c<+k;k gSA o"kZ 2013&14 rd jk"Vªh; [kk| lqj{kk fe'ku nygu esa 16 jkT;ksa ds 482 ftys 'kkfey Fks ysfdu vc bldh la[;k c<+kdj 2016&17 ds rgr 29 jkT;ksa ds 638 ftyksa dks 'kkfey fd;k x;k gSA blds vykok mRiknu dks c<+kus ds fy, 534 —f"k foKku dsUæksa }kjk 31]000 gSDVs;j esa ubZ rduhdksa dk ç;ksx fd;k tk jgk gSA —f"k foKku dsUæksa esa 93 nygu gc LFkkfir fd, tk pqds gSaA çR;sd gc ls 1000 fDoaVy nygu iSnkokj lqfuf'pr dh tk,xhA blds fy, ljdkj us nh?kZdkfyd ;kstuk rS;kj dh gSA ns'k esa —f"k f'k{kk uhfr esa lq/kkj ds fy, ea=ky; D;k dj jgk gS\ ;g cgqr gh vPNk loky gSA vHkh gky gh esa geus —f"k f'k{kk ds ikB~;Øe vkSj fo"k;&oLrq esa O;kid lq/kkj ds fy, xfBr ikapoh Mhu desVh dh flQkfj'k dks eatwjh ns nh gSA blds vykok LVwMsaV jsMh 42

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

www.krishijagran.com ;kstuk ¼:jy ,aVjfizU;kWjf”ki vos;jusl MsoyiesaV ;kstuk½ o"kZ 2015 esa 'kq: dh Fkh tks o"kZ 2016&17 esa çHkkoh gksxhA bl ;kstuk ds rgr LukrdksÙkj fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks 3000 :i, çfrekg vkSj Lukrd fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks 1000 ls c<+kdj 2000 :i, çfrekg dj fn;k x;k gSA blls Nk=ksa dks çksRlkgu feysxk ftlls fd mudk Hkfo"; mTtoy gksxkA —f"k foKku dsUæksa esa D;k fodkl gks jgk gS \ tSlk lHkh tkurs gSa fd —f"k foKku dsUæksa dh —f"k ds {ks= esa cM+h vge Hkwfedk gSA —f"k foKku dsUæksa dh lfØ;rk vkSj dk;Zdykiksa dh otg ls —f"k ds fodkl esa ;g cgqr egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkk jgs gSaA bl le; ns'k esa 645 —f"k foKku dsaæ gSaA fdlku buls T;knk ls T;knk ykHk mBk ldsa blfy, —f"k foKku dsUæksa esa dfeZ;ksa dh la[;k 16 ls c<+kdj 22 dj nh xbZ gSA blds vykok 183 —f"k foKku dsUæksa esa o"kkZty laxzg.k dh lqfo/kk nh xbZ gSA 109 dsohds esa y?kq Lrj ij cht çlaLdj.k vkSj 400 dsohds ij e`nk ijh{k.k fdV miyC/k djkbZ xbZ gSA blds vykok 299 dsohds nygu vkSj frygu dh Qlyksa ij dk;Z dj jgs gSaA bl lky —f"k foKku dsUæksa dk Hkh ctV c<+kdj 50 çfr'kr /kujk'kh vf/kd dj nh xbZ gSA blds vykok 49 u, —f"k foKku dsUæksa dks [kksyus ds çLrko jkT; ljdkjksa ls çkIr fd, x, gSa ftlesa ls 20 ds fy, LFkkuksa dk p;u dj fy;k x;k gSA —f"k foKku dsUæksa ij fdlku lEesyu vkSj —f"k çn'kZfu;ksa dk vk;kstu fd;k x;k ftlesa 34 dsUæh; eaf=;ksa vkSj fofHkUu jkT;ksa ds 400 ls vf/kd eaf=;ksa] fo/kk;dksa vkSj lkalnksa us Hkkx fy;kA blds vykok dsohds iksVZy Hkh ge ykWUp dj pqds gSa ftlds ek/;e ls dsohds ds dk;Zdykikas vkSj lsokvksa dh v‚uykbu fuxjkuh j[kh tk jgh gSA Hkkjrh; fdlkuksa dks vki D;k lUns'k nsuk pkgsaxs\ Hkkjrh; fdlku ns'k dh /kjksgj gSa] bl ns'k ds vUunkrk gSa blfy, eSa dguk pkgwaxk fd gekjs fdlku T;knk ls T;knk vk/kqfud —f"k ls tqM+dj uohure —f"k rduhdksa dks viuk,aA Hkkjr fo'o esa —f"k ds {ks= esa nwljs LFkku ij gSA vkt Hkkjr fo'o ds dbZ ns'kksa dks vius —f"k mRikn lIykbZ dj jgk gSA Qlyksa dk mRiknu ftruk c<s+xk mruk gh vf/kd Qk;nk fdlkuksa dks igqapsxkA gekjs fdlku vf/kd ls vf/kd —f"k ds çfr tkx:d jgsaA fdlku —f"k foKku dsUæksa ij fo'ks"kKksa ls lykg ysa vkSj feV~Vh dh tkap djk,a vkSj vf/kd ls vf/kd ljdkjh —f"k ;kstukvksa dk ykHk ysaA

izLrqfr & bejku [kku1] fLuX/kk pkS/kjh2 ofj"B i=dkj1] ofj"B i=dkj2] Ñf"k tkxj.k] ubZ fnYyh eksckby & 95829575381] 85889984372 bZesy&imran@krishijagran.com&snigdha@krishijagran.com


lk{kkRdkj

Hkk

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vf/kd ls vf/kd ns'kokfl;ksa dks dkS'ky çf'k{k.k çnku djuk gekjk y{; & t;ar Ñ".kk

jr nqfu;k dk ,slk ns'k gS ftlus fo'o ds gj {ks= esa ,d vyx igpku cukbZ gS fQj oks pkgs [ksy dk eSnku gks] vkbZVh dk {ks= gks] [ksrh dk {ks= gks ;k fQj dksbZ vkSj gquj gks] vkt Hkkjrh; gj {ks= esa ns'k dk uke jks'ku dj jgs gSaA 122 djksM+ ls vf/kd tula[;k okys bl ns'k esa vHkh Hkh cgqr ls ns'koklh ,sls gSa ftudks u rks rduhd ds fo"k; esa irk gS vkSj u gh u, cnyrs Hkkjr ds fo"k; esa tkurs gaSA ;g Hkkjr dk oks rcdk gS ftldks ge xzkeh.k Hkkjr cqykrs gSa tks bl cnyrs ns'k ds ckjs esa iwjh rjg ls ugha tkurk gSA gk¡] ;s ,d vyx ckr gS fd Hkkjr ds dqN xzkeh.k fgLlksa esa u, Hkkjr dk Lo#i vkSj mldh igqap yksxksa rd tk jgh gSA ;g flQZ xzkeh.k {ks= dh ckr ugha gS cfYd 'kgjksa esa Hkh vkt ;qok jkstxkj ds fy, HkVd jgk gSA vkye ;g gS fd ftuds ikl dkS”ky gS muds ikl rduhdh tkudkjh ugha vkSj ftuds ikl rduhdh tkudkjh gS muds ikl gquj ughaA bu nksuksa ds chp esa vVd tkrk gS csjkstxkj bUlkuA vc Hkkjr ljdkj bl csjkstxkjh uke ds 'kCn dks Qhdk djus fy, yxkrkj ç;kl dj jgh gSA ljdkj ds bUgha iz;klksa dks lQy cukus ds ihNs dM+h esgur dj jgh tSlk fd vki igys gh tkurs gSa] bruh cM+h tula[;k okys ns'k esa jkstxkj dh cgqr t#jr gSA ftrus ;qokvksa dks jkstxkj feysxk mruk gh vf/kd ns'k dh vkfFkZd fLFkfr esa lq/kkj gksxkA ns'k esa blh t:jr dks ns[krs gq, o'kZ 2013 esa ,u-,l-Mh-lh- ;kuh us'kuy fLdy MsoyiesaV dkWikZsjs'ku dh 'kq#vkr gqbZA ;g oks dne Fkk ftlds tfj, ns'k esa ,d cnyko dh 'kq#vkr gqbZA ,u-,l-Mh-lh- ,d ifCyd çkbosV ikVZujf'ki gS tks fd m|ferk ,oa dkS'ky fodkl ea=ky; ds v/khu vkrk gSA bldk mÌs'; ns'k ds ;qokvksa dks jkstxkj esa lgk;d dkS'ky f'k{kk çnku djuk gS ftlls fd ;qok fLdy ds

44

gS ,u-,l-Mh-lh ;kuh us'kuy fLdy MsoyiesaV dkWikZsjs'kuA ,u-,l-Mh-lh us Hkkjr esa jkstxkj ds voljksa dks c<+kus vkSj ns'kokfl;ksa dks dkS'ky f'k{kk çnku djus ds fy, ,d cM+s vfHk;ku dh 'kq#vkr dh gSA —f"k tkxj.k us ,u-,l-Mh-lh ds ,XthD;wfVo Mk;jsDVj o phQ v‚ijsfVax v‚fQlj t;ar —".kk ls tkuk fd ,u-,l-Mh-lhns'k esa dkS'ky fodkl vkSj jkstxkj ds voljksa dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, fdl rjg ls dk;Z dj jgh gSA ,u,lMhlh dh dgkuh t;ar —".kk dh tqckuh----

tfj, T;knk ls T;knk jkstxkj çkIr dj ldsaA ,u-,l-Mh-lh- nks :i esa dk;Z djrk gSA igyk rks ge ns'k ds ;qokvksa dks fLdy Vªsfuax nsus dk dk;Z djrs gSa tks fd mudks jkstxkj fnykus esa lgk;d dh Hkwfedk fuHkkrk gSA çf'k{k.k iw.kZ gksus ds ckn vH;FkhZ dks ik=rk çek.kik= Hkh fn;k tkrk gSA blds vykok ;fn dksbZ Vªsfuax lsaVj dh LFkkiuk djuk pkgrk gS rks mldks _.k Hkh miyC/k djk;k tkrk gS ftlls fd vf/kd ls vf/kd ;qok vius dkS'ky fodkl dh f'k{kk xzg.k dj vius iSjksa ij [kM+s gks ldsa D;ksafd T;knk ls T;knk ns'kokfLk;ksa dks dkS'ky çf'k{k.k çnku djuk gh ,u-,l-

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

Mh-lh dk eq[; y{; gSA eSa vkidks crkuk pkgrk gw¡ fd ,u-,l-Mh-lh- dh bl eqghe ds rgr o"kZ 2015 esa 1 djksM+ ls vf/kd ;qokvksa dks dkS'ky fodkl ;kstuk ds rgr çf'k{k.k fn;k x;k Fkk ftlesa fd lHkh {ks=ksa tSls v‚Vkseksckby] —f"k {ks=] C;wVh Fksjsih] dqfdax] bysDVª‚fud] eksckby jkscksfVDl] osc] QS'ku VsDuksy‚th] osfYMax fQVj vkSj vU; {ks=ksa esa dkS'ky f'k{kk çnku fd;k x;kA ,u-,l-Mh-lh- ds dqy 24 fLdy dkmafly cuk, x, gSa ;kuh 24 {ks=ksa esa ge dkS'ky çf'k{k.k çnku djrs gSaA blesa ;fn xzkeh.k {ks= esa fLdy dh ckr dh tk, rks Ñf'k ds {ks= esa tSls QkeZ


lk{kkRdkj

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çSfDVl] Ø‚i dYVhos'ku] dhVikyu] eNyhikyu] eqxhZikyu] QwM iSfdax vkSj ,aVjizsU;ksjf'ki ij Hkh dkS'ky çf'k{k.k çnku fd;k tkrk gSA ;fn fiNys lky ds vkadM+ksa dh ckr dh tk, rks 2]00]000 ls vf/kd vH;fFkZ;ksa dks —f"k {ks= esa çf'k{k.k çnku fd;k x;kA tSlk fd lHkh tkurs gSa fd Hkkjr ds vkfFkZd fodkl esa 15 çfr'kr ;ksxnku —f"k dk gS blfy, fdlkuksa vkSj xzkeh.k Hkkjr dk fodkl cgqr vko';d gSA gkykafd —f"k {ks= esa ukSdfj;ksa ds volj rks de gSa ysfdu bl {ks= esa Lojkstxkj ds volj cgqr vf/kd gSaA ns'k dh 50 çfr'kr tula[;k xzkeh.k Hkkjr esa fuokl djrh gS ftudh thfodk —f"k vkSj gLrf'kYi tSls dk;ksaZ ij fuHkZj djrh gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd fdlkuksa vkSj xzkeh.k Hkkjr esa fuokl djus okys yksxksa dk fodkl vko';d gS blfy, [kkldj xzkeh.k Hkkjr esa jkstxkj

ds volj iSnk djus ds fy, ç/kkuea=h dkS'ky fodkl ;kstuk dh 'kq#vkr dh xbZA vkidks crk nwa fd ç/kkuea=h dkS'ky fodkl ;kstuk ljdkj dh cgqr cM+h ;kstuk gSA bldks ge ,d ¶ySxf'ki ;kstuk dg ldrs gSaA bl ;kstuk ds rgr ç/kkuea=h dkS'ky dsaæ LFkkfir djus dh Hkh ,d vkSj ;kstuk vHkh 'kq: dh xbZ gS ftlds rgr ftykLrj ij ç/kkuea=h dkS'ky dsaæ [kksys tk,aaxsA blesa ge 6 çfr'kr dh lkekU; C;kt nj ij dsaæ dks LFkkfir djus ds fy, 70 yk[k rd dk yksu eqgS;k djk jgs gSa c'krsZ fd vkosnd dks 2022 rd 20]000 ls vf/kd yksxksa dks vyx&vyx {ks=ksa esa çf'k{k.k çnku djus dk oknk djuk gksxkA Hkkjr ljdkj us bl ;kstuk ds rgr 2020 rd 1 djksM+ ls vf/kd Hkkjrh;ksa dks çf'kf{kr djus dk y{; j[kk gSA bldks flQZ

,u,lMhlh vkSj ljdkj vdsys ewrZ:i esa ugha yk ldrs gSaA blds fy, ns'kokfl;ksa ls lg;ksx visf{kr gS D;ksafd gesa bl ns'k dks vkxs c<+kuk gSA blds fy, ge lcdks lkFk feydj pyuk gksxkA —f"k tkxj.k ds ek/;e ls eSa ns'kokfLk;ksa ls dguk pkgwaxk fd ,u-,l-Mh-lh- dh bl eqghe ds tfj, T;knk ls T;knk Hkkjrh; çf'k{k.k ikdj vkxs c<+sa vkSj vius Hkfo"; dks mTtoy cuk,aA ge dkS'ky fodkl dks vf/kd ls vf/kd ns'kokfLk;ksa rd dkS'ky dks igqapk,axs rkfd ns'k vkxs c<+ ldsA ge ns'k ds ;qokvksa ds mTToy Hkfo"; dh dkeuk djrs gSaA izLrqfr & bejku [kku ofj"B i=dkj] Ñf"k tkxj.k] ubZ fnYyh eksckby % 9582957538 bZesy&imran@krishijagran.com

25 o"kZ iwjs gksus ds miy{; esa&25 o"kZ 25 yk[k lnL; ;kstuk

Ñf"k tkxj.k ifjokj ds lkFk tqM+us dk lqugjk ekSdk Hkkjr ds fdlkuksa dh viuh vkokt Þ—f"k tkxj.kÞ ekfld if=dk vius 25 o"kZ iwjs gksus ij ikBdksa ds fy, ykbZ gS lqugjk voljA dqN vklku lokyksa ds tokc nhft, vkSj tqM+ tkb, —f"k tkxj.k ifjokj ds lkFkA vkb, tkurs gSa bl volj ds ckjs esa&

iz'u % MhMh fdlku pSuy dh 'kq:vkr dc gqbZ Fkh \ 15 tqykbZ 2015 26 ebZ 2015 10 tuojh 2014 D;k i<+sa& —f"k tkxj.k ,d xzkeh.k ikfjokfjd if=dk gS ftlesa vkidks —f"k lekpkj] daiuh lekpkj] u, mUur cht dh tkudkjh] fofHkUu dhVuk'kd] Qlyksa dh lkekf;d tkudkjh] m|kfudh] e/kqeD[kh ikyu] i'kqikyu] O;kolkf;d tkudkfj;ka] lk{kkRdkj] çxfr'khy fdlkuksa o l'kä efgykvksa dh miyfC/k;ka] LokLF;] u, mRiknksa] fQYeh Kku] jktuhfr] [kkuk&[ktkuk vkfn uohu tkudkfj;ka blesa lekfgr gSaA dSls tqM+sa& if=dk esa gj ekg bUgha fo"k;ksa ij vk/kkfjr 1 loky çdkf'kr fd;k tk,xkA ml loky dk tokc mlh vad esa gksxk ftls <wa<dj vkidks gesa eSlst Hkstuk gksxkA igys 100 lgh tokc nsus okys ikBdksa dks ,d o"kZ dh lnL;rk] vxys 100&200 ikBdksa dks 6 eghus o 3 eghus dh lnL;rk fu%'kqYd nh tk,xhA lkFk gh 10]000 ikBdksa dks ,d eghus dh if=dk eq¶r nh tk,xhA mBkb, Qksu] nhft, ,d vklku ls loky dk tokc vkSj cuk tkb, Ñf"k tkxj.k ifjokj dk lnL;A

—f"k tkxj.k ls tqM+us vkSj lnL; cuus gsrq laidZ djsa& vCnql len 9891889588] ç'kkar 'kekZ 9891263263 12 Languages (11 Indian & 1 Global), 21 States, 2 Portals - 10 Million combined readership കൃഷി ജാഗര

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,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016


lk{kkRdkj

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fdlkuksa dks eq[;/kkjk ls tksM+s MhMh fdlku % MkW- iVsfj;k

e

bZ 26] 2015 dks MhMh fdlku pSuy dh 'kq:vkr bl mÌs”; ds lkFk gqbZ fd fdlkuksa rd ljdkjh ;kstuk,a csgrj <ax ls igqaps rkfd T;knk ls T;knk fdlku ykHkkafor gks ldsaA MhMh fdlku pSuy dks ykWUp djuk ljdkj dk ljkguh; dne FkkA ç/kkuea=h ujsaæ eksnh us pSuy dks ykWUp fd;k Fkk ysfdu pSuy dks ,d lky rhu eghus iwjs gksus ds ckn Hkh D;k fdlku blls [kq'k gSa\ D;k fdlkuksa dh leL;kvksa dk funku gqvk gS\ D;k vkt oks eaMh esa lgh Hkko ij viuk [kk|kUu csp ikrs gSa\ D;k cSad dh i‚fylh ;k cSad dh tkudkjh fdlkuksa dks fey ik jgh g\S D;k Hkkjr dk fdlku gkbVZd S gks x;k g\S ftl n'sk ds xkoakas eas vHkh Hkh fctyh ugha igp aq h gS ml n'sk eas puSy [ky q us ls fdlkukas dks fdruk Qk;nk gks jgk gS ;s rks oä gh crk,xkA bUgha lc eíqkas ij Ñf"k tkjx.k us MhMh fdlku puSy ds ,Mh'kuy Mk;jsDVj tujy] pSuy gSM M‚- eukst dqekj iVsfj;k ls foLrr` ppkZ dh vkjS tkuk fd puSy fdl rjg ls fdlkukas dks viuh losk,a ns jgk gAS MhMh fdlku pSuy [kksyus dk m)s'; D;k gS\ ;s puSy [kklrkjS ls fdlkukas ds fy, vkjS xkzeh.k lenqk; ds fy, ijwh rjg lefirZ gAS fdlkukas dks ubZ tkudkfj;ka nusk gh gekjk edln gAS [kklrkjS ls Ñf"k dh oK S kfud tkudkfj;k]a ekl S e] eM a h Hkko vkfn fo"k;kas ij rktk&rjhu tkudkfj;ka inzku dj fdlkukas dks ykHkkfaor djus ij gh gekjk /;ku jgrk gAS gekjk puSy mUgas uk flQZ —f"k vk/kkfjr tkudkfj;ka miyC/k djokrk gS cfYd f'k{kk] dVqhj m|kx s k]as cfaSdx a vkjS lLa—fr ls tM q h+ tkudkfj;ka puSy ij le;&le; ij ge il z kfjr djrs gAaS bl pSuy ds ek/;e ls fdrus fdlku ykHkkafor gks jgs gSa\ MhMh fdlku pSuy nwjn'kZu dk ,d ljkguh; dne gSA pSuy dh igqap dkQh nwj njkt ds bykdksa rd gSA ,d le; ij pSuy dh n'kZd la[;k us nks djksM+ dk vk¡dM+k ikj dj fy;k FkkA vkSlru n”kZdksa dh la[;k ,d djksM+ rd jgrh gSA pSuy ds dbZ çksxzke Hkh dkQh yksdfç; gSa tSls [ksr&[ksfygku] Qwyksa&fdlku] i;kZoj.k dh vksj] yksd jax vkfn dk;ZØeksa dks n”kZdksa }kjk dkQh ljkgk tkrk gSA fdlku pSuy dk VkjxsV vkWfM;al dkSu gS & flQZ fdlku ;k mudk ifjokj Hkh\ fdlku pSuy flQZ yksxksa dks —f"k dh tkudkjh ugha nsrk cfYd blesa fdlku ds ifjokj dk Hkh iwjk /;ku j[kk tkrk gSA bl pSuy ds ek/;e ls lwpuk,a o euksjatd 48

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

dk;ZØe yksxksa rd igq¡pk, tkrs gSaA ;g igyh ckj gS tc pSuy ij —f"k dfo xks"Bh dk vk;kstu fd;k tk jgk gS ftlds rgr dforkvksa ds ek/;e ls Ñf"k foKku dh tkudkjh fdlkuksa dks nh tk jgh gSA pSuy ij fQD'ku o u‚u&fQD'ku lhfj;y Hkh fdlkuksa vkSj muds ifjokj dks /;ku esa j[kdj izlkfjr fd, tkrs gSaA dbZ ckj dk;ZØeksa ds ek/;e ls Hkh fdlkuksa dks oSKkfud tkudkfj;ka miyC/k djokbZ tkrh gSaA pSuy fdlkuksa dh leL;k dk fdl çdkj funku djrk gS\ pSuy ij jkst Qksu&bu dk;ZØe ds ek/;e ls fdlkuksa dh leL;k dk funku fd;k tkrk gSA blesa fdlku fdlh Hkh le; ij Qksu djds viuk loky fjd‚MZ dj ldrs gSaA oSKkfud mu lHkh lokyksa dk tokc le;&le; ij nsrs jgrs gSaA pSuy esa dbZ ckj fdlkuksa vkSj oSKkfudksa ds chp ekWMjsVj dk bLrseky Hkh fd;k tkrk gS ftlls lgh vkSj lVhd tkudkfj;ka fdlkuksa rd igq¡pkbZ tk ldsaA ekWMjsVj fdlkuksa dh leL;kvksa dks vPNs ls lqudj oSKkfudksa rd igqapkrs gSa vkSj oSKkfudksa }kjk lq>k, x, funku dks fdlkuksa rd igqapkus dk dke os c[kwch djrs gSaA pSuy ij izlkfjr gksus okys dk;ZØeksa esa dkSu&ls u, ç;ksx fd, tk jgs gSa\ pSuy dks ge lokaZxh.k pSuy ds :i esa LFkkfir djus dh yxkrkj dksf'k'k dj jgs gSaA blesa ge vkfnoklh


lk{kkRdkj leqnk; dks /;ku esa j[kdj vkVZ ,aM dYpj ij vk/kkfjr dbZ çksxzke izlkfjr djrs gSa ftuds tfj, mUgsa lh/ks rkSj ij tksM+us dh gekjh dksf'k'k gSA nwjn'kZu ds MhMh LiksV~lZ pSuy ds lkFk feydj Lons'kh [ksy] VªkbZcy xse vkSj buksos'ku ij cgqr tYnh çksxzke izlkfjr fd, tk,axsA pSuy Hkk"kk dh leL;k dk lek/kku fdl çdkj djrk gS\ igys pj.k esa pSuy dk ç;kl Fkk fd bls fganh pSuy ds :i esa LFkkfir fd;k tk,A ,d ckj blesa iwjh rjg ls lQyrk fey tk, fQj ge nwljs pj.k esa tkus dk ç;kl djsaxsA nwljs pj.k esa {ks=h; Hkk"kk,a vkSj cksfy;k¡ lfEefyr dh tk,axhA {ks=h; dsaæ blesa gekjh enn dj ldrs gSaA nwjn'kZu dk ,d foax ,slk gS ftlds ek/;e ls ns”k ds yxHkx ipkl ls vf/kd dsanz viuh&viuh {ks=h; Hkk"kkvksa esa dk;ZØe fn[kkrs gSaA bls uSjks dkfLVax foax dgrs gSaA fdlku pSuy dk buls yxkrkj rkyesy cuk jgrk gSA fdlkuksa ds fy, dksbZ Kkuo/kZd dk;ZØe ;fn izlkfjr gksrk gS rks ge mls {ks=h; Hkk"kkvksa esa Mfcax djds n”kZdksa rd igqapkus dh Hkh dksf”k”k djrs gSaA gkykafd fofHkUu {ks=h; dsanzksa ls VkbZ&vi djds ge {ks=h; Hkk"kkvksa o cksfy;ksa dh ck/kk dks nwj djus dk iz;kl dj jgs gSaA pS u y ij fdl çdkj ds çks x z k e fn[kk, tkrs gS a \ pSuy ij [ksr&[kfygku dk;ZØe ds ek/;e ls ge fuR; nSfud Ñf"k dk;ksZas ds ckjs esa fdlku Hkkb;ksa dks tkudkjh eqgS;k djokrs gSaA gekjk ;g dk;ZØe vy&lqcg izlkfjr fd;k tkrk gS ftlls fdlku tkudkjh izkIr dj [ksrksa o Qlyksa dk mipkj dj ldrs gSaA ogha 'kke dks gSyks fdlku uke ls dk;ZØe izlkfjr fd;k tkrk gS ftlesa fdlku Qksu djds lh/ks rkSj ij gels tqM+rs gSaA fdlku ftl uacj ij Qksu djrs gSa oks ,d Vksy&Ýh uacj gS vFkkZr~

www.krishijagran.com bl dk;ZØe ds rgr ftrus Hkh dkWy vkrs gSa muls dksbZ “kqYd ugha fy;k tkrk gSA bl lhfj;y ds ek/;e ls fdlkuksa dks fo'ks"kKksa }kjk mudh leL;kvksa dk lek/kku lq>k;k tkrk gSA dksbZ lans'k tks vki fdlkuksa dks nsuk pkgsa\ fdlkuksa dks [kklrkSj ij ;gh dguk pkgwaxk fd oks lc tkx#d cusaA tSlk fd ge lc tkurs gSa fd orZeku ;qx Kku dk ;qx gSA fdlkuksa ds ikl pSuy] i=&if=dk,a] lks'ky ehfM;k vkSj eksckby tSls dbZ ek/;e gSa ftuds tfj, fdlku ge rd igqap ldrs gSaA gkykafd ljdkj Hkh fdlkuksa rd igqapus ds fy, vFkd iz;kl dj jgh gSA fdlkuksa dk ;s drZO; curk gS fd os le;&le; ij ge rd vius lq>ko igqapk,aA ,slk djus ls os Lo;a ds lkFk&lkFk vU; fdlku Hkkb;ksa dh Hkh enn djus esa lgk;d dh Hkwfedk fuHkk,axsA fdlku gekjs lkFk feydj lekt dh eq[;/kkjk esa vk,aA vxj fdlkuksa dk lkFk feysxk rks ljdkj o fdlkuksa ds chp dh [kkbZ dks vklkuh ls nwj fd;k tk ldrk gSA MhMh fdlku pSuy ljdkj vkSj fdlkuksa ds chp ,d lsrq ds :i esa gh gSA gekjh dksf'k'k jgrh gS fd le; ij fdlkuksa dks laiw.kZ tkudkjh miyC/k djk ldsaA tkudkjh ds ek/;e ls fdlku vkSj ge feydj —f"k vk/kkfjr Hkkjr dh vFkZO;oLFkk dks fodkl dh jkg ij cgqr vkxs ys tk ldrs gSaA

nhif'k[kk flag laoknnkrk Ñf"k tkxj.k] ubZ fnYyh eks % 9891443388 bZesy&deepshikha@krishijagran.com

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

49


lk{kkRdkj

www.krishijagran.com

U;wure leFkZu ewY; dh flQkfj'k djrk gS % lh-,-lh-ih-

fd

lkuksa dks [ksrh dh tkudkjh ds lkFk&lkFk mlesa vkus okyh ykxr ls ysdj ykHk rd dh tkudkjh gksuh pkfg, D;ksafd vxj fdlkuksa ds ikl —f"k ls lacaf/kr lkjh tkudkfj;ka gkasxh rks os bu lHkh tkudkfj;ksa dh enn ls viuh vkfFkZd fLFkfr dks etcwr djus esa l{ke gksaxsA —f"k ykxr vkSj ewY; vk;ksx] Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk fdlh Hkh Qly dk U;wure leFkZu ewY; dSls fu/kkZfjr fd;k tkrk gS bldh tkudkjh fdlkuksa rd igq¡pkus ds fy, —f"k tkxj.k Vhe us —f"k ykxr vkSj ewY; vk;ksx ds v/;{k fot; i‚y 'kekZ ls ckr dh vkSj U;wure leFkZu ewY; fu/kkZfjr djus dh çfØ;k ds ckjs esa tkukA U;wure leFkZu ewY; dSls fu/kkZfjr fd;k tkrk gS \ ljdkj }kjk U;wure leFkZu ewY; ¼,e,lih½ fu/kkZfjr djus dk eq[; dkj.k fdlkuksa ds fy, ykHkdkjh ewY; lqfuf'pr djuk gS rkfd mPp fuos'k ,oa Qlyksa ds mRiknu dks çksRlkfgr fd;k tk ldsA çR;sd o"kZ çeq[k Ñf'k mRiknksa ds fy, ,e,lih dh ?kks"k.kk dh tkrh gS ftUgsa —f"k ykxr ,oa ewY; vk;ksx ¼lh,lhih½ dh flQkfj'kksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, fu/kkZfjr fd;k tkrk gSA U;w`ure leFkZu ewY; dh flQkfj'k djrs le; lh,lhih vU; ckrksa ds lkFk&lkFk —f"k mRiknu] Ñf"k vknku tSls cht] dhVuk'kd ,oa [kkn] flapkbZ] etnwjh vkfn ds ewY;ksas esa ifjorZu] ekax ,oa vkiwfrZ] cktkj ewY; ço`fÙk rFkk thou ykxr tSls dkjdksa dks /;k~u esa j[krk gSA Hkkjrh; [kk| fuxe ¼,QlhvkbZ½] Hkkjrh; dikl fuxe fyfeVsM ¼lhlhvkbZ½] Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; —f"k lgdkfjrk foi.ku la?k fyfeVsM ¼usQsM½ }kjk U;wure leFkZu ewY; ij [kjhn lqfuf'Pkr dh tkrh gSA tSls fofHkUu lkoZtfud ,oa lgdkjh ,tsafl;ksa ds ek/;e ls ewY; leFkZu ;kstuk ¼ih,l,l½ ds :i esa U;wure leFkZu ewY; fu/kkZfjr djrs gSaA ih,l,l ds varxZr uk vkus okyh Qlyksa ds fy, ljdkj vkil esa lger ewY; ij jkT;ksa ls fo'ks"k vuqjks/k ij cktkj gLr{ksi dh O;oLFkk djrk gSA [ksrh esa vkus okyh ykxr ds vk/kkj ij vHkh rd tks ewY; ?kksf"kr fd;k x;k gS] mlls fdlkuksa dks de equkQk feyrk gSA D;k fdlku bl ykHk ij [ksrh dj ik,xk \

50

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

;s xyr /kkj.kk gS fd equkQk de feyrk gSA veweu ns[kus esa vkrk gS fd —f"k esa dHkh fdlh Qly ls T;knk ykHk feyrk gS rks dHkh de ykHk feyrk gSA fiNys dqN o"kksaZ esa Qlyksa dh iSnkokj T;knk ugha c<+h gS cfYd [kpZs c<+rs jgrs gSa vkSj mRiknu dh ykxr çfr fDoaVy c<+ tkrh gSA ge bl {ks= esa dk;Z dj jgs gSa fd dSls fdlku dks de ykxr esa T;knk iSnkokj fey lds vkSj iSnkokj vPNh gksxh rks ykHk Hkh vf/kd feysxkA xUus dh dherksa dk fu/kkZj.k vkids }kjk D;ksa ugha fd;k tkrk gS \ xUus dk mfpr vkSj ykHkdkjh ewY; fu/kkZj.k Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk gh fd;k tkrk gSA vxj jkT; ljdkj pkgsa rks U;wure leFkZu ewY; ds Åij tkdj ewY; r; dj ldrh gSaA mlh rjg xUus dk leFkZu ewY; lh,lhih gh r; djrk gS ysfdu dqN jkT; ljdkj gSa tks ,Qvkjih dks vk/kkj ekudj cksul ewY; fdlkuksa dks nsrh gSaA dqN jkT; ,sls Hkh gSa tks dqy ykHk dk caVokjk fdlkuksa ls djrs gSaA gky gh esa egkjk"Vª ljdkj us ,slk fd;k gSA vxj ogka phuh dk Hkko T;knk gS rks fdlkuksa dks T;knk iSlk feysxkA ftl fglkc ls [ksrh dh ykxr c<+ jgh gS ml fglkc ls ,e,lih D;ksa ugha c<+k;k tk jgk gS \ fdlh Hkh Qly dh mRiknu ykxr cgqr egRoiw.kZ dkjd gksrk gSA tSls&tSls ykxr c<+rh gS mlh çdkj U;wure leFkZu ewY; Hkh c<+rk gSA ;s cgqr xyr /kkj.kk gS fd mRiknu ykxr c<+ jgh gS ysfdu U;wure leFkZu ewY; ugha c<+ jgk gSA esjs fglkc ls U;wure leFkZu ewY; c<+kuk fdlh ds fy, Qk;nsean ugha gksrk cfYd gesa ;s ns[kuk pkfg, fd fdlku dh tsc esa fdruk iSlk tkrk gSA lgh ek;uksa


lk{kkRdkj esa fdlkuksa dks lgh ewY; feyuk pkfg,A tks ewY; ge fu/kkZfjr djrs gSa D;k fdlku mls eaMh esa lgh Hkko esa csp ikrk gS ;k ugha \ dqN jkT;ksa esa xsgw¡ vkSj pkoy esa [kjhn vPNh gS ysfdu dqN jkT;ksa esa fLFkfr blds myV gSA ,sls esa gesa ;g ns[kuk gksrk gS fd os jkT; dSls vkxs vk,a ftueas Qlyksa dh [kjhn esa ykHk ugha fey ik jgk gSA blds fy, gesa fdlku dh ykxr de djuh iM+sxh vkSj mRiknu dks c<+kuk gksxkA tSlk ç/kkuea=h us dgk gS fd fdlkuksa dh vk; nksxquh gksuh pkfg,] bfrgkl esa ,slk igyh ckj gqvk gS fd geus mRiknu vkSj ykxr ls gVdj ckr dh gSA mudk dguk gS fd vki ewY; rks c<+k nsrs gSa ysfdu ewY; ds lkFk&lkFk mldh ykxr Hkh c<+rh jgsxh rks mlls fdlkuksa dks T;knk Qk;nk ugha gksus okyk gSA blds fy, ge dqN eq[; {ks=ksa ij dk;Z dj jgs gSaA fdlkuksa dks ubZ rduhdh ls ifjfpr djkuk vkSj fdlkukas ds fy, cuk, x, laLFkkuksa dks çHkko'kkyh cukuk ftlls fdlku ogka tkdj ubZ lh[k ys ldsaA ;s dqN ,sls {ks= gSa ftuds u gksus ls fdlkuksa dks Qk;nk ugha gksus okyk gSA lh,lhih fdlkuksa dh enn dSls djrk gS \ lh,lhih U;wure leFkZu ewY; dh flQkfj”k djrk gSA ljdkj gekjh flQkfj”k ds vk/kkj ij U;wure leFkZu ewY; ?kksf"kr djrh gSA ckdh tks [kjhn dh ç.kkyh gS oks vyx&vyx ea=ky; ds varxZr vkrh gS ysfdu ;s fdlh ea=ky; ls rc rd ugha gksus okyk gS tc rd fd blesa jkT; ljdkj dh fgLlsnkjh ugha feyrh gSA ge rks jkT; ljdkj ls ;gh fuosnu djrs gSa fd vki [kjhn esa c<+&p<+dj fgLlk ysaA lh,lhih dkSu&dkSu lh pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk dj jgk gS\ gekjs }kjk U;wure leFkZu ewY; fu/kkZfjr djuk ,d ckr gS ysfdu lcls cM+h pqukSrh gekjs lkeus ;g gS fd fdl rjg ls jkT; ljdkjksa dks ,d Vhe dh rjg dke djok;k tk,A gkykfd ;g lh,lhih dk vf/kdkj ugha gSA ge flQZ ;gh pkgrs gSa fd jkT; ljdkjsa [kk|kUuksa dh [kjhnkjh vkSj HkaMkj.k esa c<+&p<+dj fgLlk ysaA blls gekjh HkaMkj.k {kerk c<+sxhA mnkgj.k ds rkSj ij ;fn ns[kk tk, rks Hkkjrh; [kk| fuxe ;fn 25&30 fefy;u Vu [kk|kUuksa dh [kjhn dj mudk fu;kZr djrk gS rks ;g dk;Z FkksM+k eqf'dy gksrk gSA ogha vxj izR;sd jkT; 2&3 fefy;u Vu [kk|kUuksa dh [kjhn dj mudk Hk.Mkj.k djas rks [kk|kUuksa dk HkaMkj.k djuk vklku gksxkA blls HkaMkj.k {kerk rks c<+sxh lkFk gh ykxr esa Hkh deh vk,xhA ;fn jkT; ljdkjsa ,d lkFk Vhe dh rjg dk;Z djsa rks HkaMkj.k {kerk lqn`<+

www.krishijagran.com gksus ds lkFk ykxr esa deh ykbZ tk ldrh gSA M‚- LokehukFku ds lw = ls vki dgk¡ rd lger gS a \ mudk fopkj Fkk fd fdlkuksa dks cktkj Hkko ds lkFk&lkFk ,d vPNh vk; feyuh pkfg,A eSa muds fopkjksa ls iwjh rjg ls lger gwaA ogha mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk Fkk fd U;wure leFkZu ewY; dks 50 çfr'kr c<+k fn;k tk, ysfdu eSa muds bl fopkj ls lger ugha j[krk D;ksafd vxj ge U;wure leFkZu ewY; dks 50 çfr'kr c<+krs gSa rks ykxr Hkh 15&20 çfr'kr rd c<+ tkrh gSA U;wure leFkZu ewY; esa 50 izfr”kr o`f) dj ykxr dks 15&20 izfr”kr c<+kus ij leL;k dk lek/kku ugha fd;k tk ldrk gSA esjk ekuuk gS fd flQZ U;wure leFkZu ewY; dks de djds leL;k dk funku ugha feyus okykA ykxr de djus o iSnkokj c<+kus ds fy, Hkh dqN Bksl dne mBkus gksaxsA ogha ;g Hkh ns[kuk gksxk fd fdlkuksa dks uqdlku u gksA ;fn fdlkuksa dks Qk;nk fnyokuk gS rks gesa bu rhuksa fcanqvksa ij xgu fopkj dj dk;Z djuk gksxkA D;k vki —f"k foi.ku ç.kkyh ls lger gSa \ lcls igys rks gesa ;s ns[kuk pkfg, fd ge dgka ls pys vkSj dgka rd igqaps gSaA bl lQj esa geus tks eqdke gkfly fd;k gS ogh gekjh izxfr n”kkZrk gS ysfdu eSa vkt Hkh iw.kZ :i ls larq"V ugha gwaA bl {ks= esa cgqr dk;Z djuk vHkh ckdh gSA gekjs lkeus ;gka lcls cM+h leL;k gS fd mRikndksa vkSj miHkksäkvksa ds chp dSls rkyesy cSBk;k tk,A ,xzhdYpjy izksM~;wl ekdsZfVax desVh ¼,ih,elh½ ds rgr dk;Zjr eafM;ksa esa Øsrk vkSj foØsrk lhfer gksrs FksA ;gh lcls cM+h leL;k Fkh ftlls gesa vkt Hkh nks&nks gkFk gksuk iM+ jgk gSA gkykafd rduhdh ls tqM+us ds ckn ls eafM;ksa dk bZ&cktkjhdj.k gksuk ,d vPNh igy gSA bl igy dh otg ls eafM;ka lqpk: :i ls dke djus yxh gSaA dqN jkT;ksa us bls viuk fy;k gS vkSj vkus okys le; esa T;knkrj jkT; blesa viuh fgLlsnkjh nsaxsA fdlkuksa ds fy, dksbZ lUns'k \ eSa lHkh fdlkuksa ls ;gh dguk pkgrk gwa fd Ñf"k esa vk/kqfud rduhdh ds lkFk dke djus dh vko”;drk gS ftls viukdj vki vkfFkZd :i ls etcwr gksus ds lkFk&lkFk lokZaxh.k fodkl dh vksj vxzlj gksaxsA {ks=h; Lrj ij ljdkj }kjk vf/kekU;rk izkIr Ñf"k laLFkku ekStwn gSa tgka tkdj fdlku vklkuh ls fdlh Hkh fo"k; ij tkudkjh izkIr dj ldrs gSaA 1

izLrqfr & :ch1 tSu ]2 lehj frokjh

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,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

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flrEcj ds eghus esa ekSle vk/kkfjr Ñf"k izca/ku

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"kkZ ds nkSjku Qly esa fdlh Hkh izdkj dk fNM+dko ugha djuk pkfg,A vf/kd o"kkZ ds nkSjku eDdk] cktjk] nyguh Qlyksa ,oa lfCt;ksa dh ulZjh esa ty fudkl dk mfpr izca/ku djuk pkfg,A Qlyksa ,oa lfCt;ksa esa le;&le; ij fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ dk dk;Z djuk pkfg,A flrEcj ds izFke lIrkg esa /kku dh Qly eq[;r% okuLifrd o`f) dh fLFkfr esa gksrh gSA vr% bl le; Qly esa dhVksa dh fuxjkuh vo”; gksuh pkfg,A ruk Nsnd dhV dh fuxjkuh gsrq fQjkseksu iziap @ 3&4@ ,dM+ yxkuk pkfg,A ;fn ruk Nsnd dhV dk izdksi vf/kd gks rks dkVZi nokbZ 4 izfr”kr nkusa ;k dkcksZ¶;wjkWu 3 izfr”kr nkusa 10 fdyksxzke@,dM+ dk cqjdko ;k Dyksjksik;fjQkWl 20 bZ-lh- rd ikuh ls Hkj nsaA ,d jLlh ds nksuksa dksuksa dks nks O;fDr [ksr ds nksuksa dksuksa ij [kM+s gksdj idM+dj bl rjg vkxs c<+sa rkfd jLlh Qly dks Nwrs gq, ifRr;ksa dks >qdk nsA bl izfØ;k ls dhV ikuh esa >M+dj fxj tkrs gSaA blds mijkUr [ksr ls ikuh fudky nsa vkSj dhVksa dks ,d= dj ekj nsaA ;fn izdksi vf/kd gks rks dkcksZ¶;wjkWu @ 6-0 fdxzk@,dM+ dh nj ls Hkqjdko djuk pkfg,A bl le; /kku dh Qly dks u"V djus okyh czkmu IykaV gkWij dk vkØe.k vkjaHk gks tkrk gSA vr% fdlku HkkbZ [ksr ds vanj tkdj ikS/k ds fupys Hkkx ds LFkku ij ePNjuqek dhV dk fujh{k.k djsaA ;fn izdksi fn[kkbZ ns rks bfeMkDyksfizM nokbZ 10 fe-yh-@3 fyVj ikuh ;k QsukscqdkcZ 50 bZ-lh-@ 1 fe- yh@fyVj ;k cqizksfQftu 25 bZ-lh- @ 2 fe-yh-@fyVj ikuh esa feykdj fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A flrEcj ekg ds nwljs ;k rhljs lIrkg ds nkSjku /kku dh Qly ckfy;k¡ fudyus okyh voLFkk esa gksrh gSaA vr% /kku ds CykLV jksx ds vkØe.k dh fuxjkuh gj 2 ls 3 fnu ds varjky esa fu;fer :i ls djuh pkfg,A bl jksx dk lwpd gS ifRr;ksa esa ,d NksVh vk¡[k tSlk /kCck ftldk vanj dk Hkkx gYdk Hkwjk vkSj ckgj xgjs Hkwjs jax dk gksrk gSA vkxs tkdj vusd /kCcs feydj ,d cM+k /kCck cu tkrk gS ftlls ifRr;k¡ lw[k tkrh gSaA lkFk gh ckfy;k¡ Hkh xnZu ls VwV dj >qd tkrh gSaA ;fn izdksi vf/kd gks rks bldh jksdFkke ds fy, ckfoLVhu 2 xzke dh nj ls 10 fnu ds vUrjky ij 2&3 ckj fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A bl le; /kku esa xa/kh dhV dh fuxjkuh djsaA xa/kh dhV /kku ds gjs nkuksa dk jl pwl ysrk gSA izdksi vf/kd gks rks bldh jksdFkke ds fy, 5 izfr”kr eSykfFk;kWu /kwy dh 10 fdxzk ek=k izfr ,dM+ dks /kwfyr djsa ;k dkckZfjy dh 12 fdxzk ek=k izfr ,dM+ dks /kwfyr djsaA flrEcj ekg ds rhljs lIrkg esa /kku esa vkHkklh daM vkus dh dkQh lEHkkouk jgrh gSA bl chekjh ds vkus ls /kku ds nkus vkdkj esa Qwy tkrs gSaA bldh jksdFkke ds fy, CykbZ VksDl 50 dh 500 xzke izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls vko”;drkuqlkj ikuh esa feykdj 10 fnu ds varjky esa 2&3 ckj fNM+dko djsaA eDdk esa ruk Nsnd dhV dh fuxjkuh djuh pkfg,A cpko ds fy, Vªkbdks dkMZ @ 4@ ,dM+ dk mi;ksx djuk pkfg,A ;fn izdksi vf/kd fn[kbZ ns rks dkckZfjy ikmMj 2-0 xzke izfr fyVj ikuh ;k dkcksZQqjku 3 izfr”kr nkusa ;k QksjsV 10 izfr”kr nkusa 8-0 fdyksxzke@,dM+ dk cqjdko djuk pkfg,A bl ekSle esa eDdk esa iRrh >qylk jksx ds QSyus dh laEHkkouk gksrh gSA ;fn izdksi vf/kd fn[kkbZ ns rks Mk;Fksu ,e&45 @2 xzke izfr fyVj ikuh dh nj ls fNM+dko djuk 54

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

pkfg,A bl le; dikl esa cs/kd dhVksa dh fuxjkuh ds fy, fQjkseksu iziap @ 3&4@,dM+ dk mi;ksx djuk pkfg,A cs/kd dhVksa dk izdksi vf/kd gks rks LisukslsM+ nokbZ 1-0 fe-yh@3fyVj ikuh esa feykdj fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A xUus dh Qly esa cs/kd dhVksa ds izca/ku ds fy, Vªkbdks dkMZ dk iz;ksx vo”; djsaA ;fn izdksi vf/kd fn[kkbZ ns rks dkcksZQqjku nkus dk cqjdko 10 fd-xzk-@,dM+ dh nj ls djuk pkfg,A lfCt;ksa tSls VekVj] fepZ] cSaxu] QwyxksHkh esa Qy Nsnd] ”kh'kZ Nsnd ,oa QwyxksHkh o iRrk xksHkh esa Mk;eaM csd eksFk dh fuxjkuh gsrq fQjkseksu iziap @ 3&4 ,dM+ yxkuk pkfg, rFkk izdksi vf/kd fn[kkbZ ns rks LisukslsM+ nokbZ 1-0 fe-yh 4 fyVj ikuh esa feykdj fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A fHkaMh] fepZ rFkk cSaxu dh Qly esa ekbZV] tSflM vkSj gkWij dh fujarj fuxjkuh djrs jguk pkfg,A vf/kd ekbZV ik, tkus ij QklekbZV @2 fe-yh- izfr fyVj ikuh rFkk tSflM vkSj gkWij dhV ds jksdFkke ds fy, jksxksj dhVuk”kd @ 2 feyh- izfr fyVj ikuh esa fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A bl le; Qlyksa o lfCt;ksa esa nhed dk izdksi gksus dh laHkkouk jgrh gSA vr% fdlkuksa dks Qly dh fuxjkuh djuh pkfg,A ;fn izdksi vf/kd fn[kkbZ ns rks DyksjksikbjhQkWl 20 bZ lh @4-0 fe-yh-@ fyVj ikuh esa feykdj fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A ;fn cSaxu ds [ksrksa esa ruk rFkk Qy Nsnd dhVksa dk izdksi gks ]rks jksdFkke ds fy, nksigj ds le; /kwi fudyus ij {kfrxzLr lw[kh “kk[kkvksa dks 1 ls 1-5 bap uhps ls rksMa+s rFkk dhV ds {kfrxzLr Qyksa dks rksM+dj ,d= djsa rFkk xM~<s esa nck nsa ;k tyk nsaA bUgsa [ksrksa ds dksus ij uk j[ksa D;ksafd lw[kh Vguh rFkk {kfrxzLr Qyksa ds vanj tks dhV jgrs gSa og fdlh vkSj cSaxu ds isM+ ij pys tk,axsA bl dhV dh fuxjkuh gsrq fQjkseksu iziap 2 iziap izfr ,dM+ dk iz;ksx dj ldrs gSaA izdksi vf/kd fn[kkbZ ns rks LisukslsM nokbZ 1-0 fe-yh-@4 fyVj ikuh esa feykdj fNM+dko djsaA jksikbZ gsrq ikS/k rS;kj “kq: djsaA ;g le; f'keyk fepZ dh ikS/k”kkyk rS;kj djus ds fy, mi;qDr gksrk gSA ikS/k”kkyk ges”kk Hkwfe ls mBh gqbZ D;kfj;ksa ij gh cuk,a rFkk fo"kk.kq jksx ls eqDr gksuh pkfg,A blds fy, 40 eSl ds dhV vojks/kh usV dk iz;ksx djuk pkfg,A ftu fdlku Hkkb;ksa dh gjh I;kt dh ikS/k r;Skj gS os eM s k+as ij jkiskbZ dj ldrs gaS ftudks ik/Sk”kkyk r;Skj djuh gS os ik/Sk”kkyk tehu ls FkkM s k+ Åij cuk,Aa bl ekl S e eas fdlku HkkbZ xktj dh coqkbZ eM s k+as ij dj ldrs gAaS coqkbZ ls iowZ cht dks dIsVku @ 2 xkz- ifzr fd- xkz- cht dh nj ls mipkj djas rFkk [krs eas n”skh [kkn] ikVsk”k vkjS QkLWQkjsl mojZd vo”; Mkyas rFkk ty fudkl dk mfpr icz/ak j[kAas bl le; vxsrh eVj dh coqkbZ ds fy, cht dh O;oLFkk djuh pkfg, rFkk [krskas dks r;Skj djAas ftu [krskas eas bl Qly dh igyh ckj coqkbZ djuh gk]s muds chtkas dks igys fo”k"sk jkbt Z kfsc;e dk Vhdk vo”; yxkuk pkfg,A xM q dks ikuh eas mckydj BM a k djas vkjS jkbt Z kfsc;e dks cht ds lkFk feykdj pkfjr djds l[wkus ds fy, fdlh Nk;knkj LFkku eas j[k nas A cht dks l[wkus ds ckn vxys fnu coqkbZ djas rFkk ih-,lch- dk Vhdk Hkh nas rFkk cht mipkfjr djds gh coqkbZ djAas


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Ñf"k esa iz;kl dj LokoyEch cuha iwue

ns

”k dh Ñf"k esa efgykvksa dh yxHkx 50 izfr”kr Hkkxhnkjh gSA mlds ckn Hkh vf/kdrj efgyk,a [ksrh&ckM+h esa QSlys dk vf/kdkj ugha j[k ikrhaA vf/kdkj gS rks flQZ cjkcjh dh esgur dkA fQj pkgs Qlyksa dh cqokbZ dh ckr gks ;k dVkbZ] xgkbZ dhA [ksrh ls gksus okyh vk; ij Hkh iq:'kksa dk dCtk jgrk gS tks fd ih<+h nj ih<+h ijEijk esa cnyk tk jgk gS ysfdu ;g vkn”kZ lekt ds fy, “keZukd gSA vxj volj feys rks efgyk,a Hkh vU; {ks=ksa dh rjg Ñf'k {ks= esa Hkh mPp eqdke gkfly djsaxhA orZeku esa ,slh efgykvksa dh deh ugha gSA mUgha esa ls ,d gSa vkSjaxkckn fLFkr ;kjh xkao dh iwue flag tks fd [ksrh ls 8 yk[k dh vk; izkIr dj jgh gSaA okLro esa iwue ,d lEiUu ifjokj dh x`fg.kh gksus ds ckotwn Hkh Ñf'k esa lEeku ds lkFk dk;Z dj ifjokj dh vk; o`f) esa egRoiw.kZ lg;ksx fd;kA iwue us 2010 esa Ñf'k dk;Z esa dne j[kkA “kq:vkr esa gh 7 ,dM+ esa ve:n dh ckxokuh dj Ñf'k esa dne c<+k;k mlds ckn 2011 esa vke dk Hkh cxhpk yxk;kA dk;Z esa lQyrk ds lkFk c<+rh :fp us mUgsa vkxs c<+us dh izsj.kk nhA gkykafd FkksM+h cgqr ijs”kkfu;ksa dk lkeuk Hkh djuk iM+k ysfdu mUgkasus gkj ugha ekuhA iwue us ,d dne vkSj vkxs c<+kdj 0-3 gSDVs;j {ks=Qy esa eNyh ikyu ds fy, rkykc dk fuekZ.k

djok;k vkSj eNyh ikyu “kq: fd;kA izkjEHk esa tks Hkwfe [kkyh iM+h jgrh Fkh ogh lksuk mxyus yxhA FkksM+s ls iz;klksa ls gh iwue dks dkQh vPNh vkenuh izkIr gksus yxhA bl dk;Z esa mUgsa ifjokj dk Hkh iwjk lg;ksx feyrk jgkA mudk lQj ;gha ugha Fkek cfYd mUgksaus eu cuk;k fd D;ksa u blh Hkwfe ij vukt dh Qly mxkbZ tk,A Hkwfe lgh u gksus ls gkfu dk Mj eu esa ?kj djus yxk ysfdu thr ds vkxs Mj vf/kd le; Bgj ugha ldkA oSKkfudksa dh lykg feyus ij iwue us iihrs dh vaUroZrhZ [ksrh djuk Hkh “kq: dj fn;kA mUgsa yxk fd “kk;n ykxr Hkh eqf”dy ls mUgsa izkIr gks ik,xh ysfdu dqN le; ckn gh iihrs dh [ksrh ls i;kZIr vk; izkIr gksus yxhA iwue us crk;k fd eNyh vkSj iihrs dh [ksrh ls mudks 2-60 yk[k :i, dh “kq) vk; izkIr gksus yxhA iwue us oSKkfudksa ls lykg ysdj /kku dh [ksrh djuk Hkh izkjEHk dj fn;k vkSj /khjs&/khjs vU; jch Qlyksa dh Hkh [ksrh dh ftlls izfro'kZ 5 yk[k :i, dh vk; izkIr gksus yxhA bl izdkj ls iwue flag Ñf'k ds ek/;e ls izfro'kZ 7955 yk[k :i, dh “kq) vk; izkIr dj jgh gSaA iwue us crk;k fd 2010 ls igys 19 gSDVs;j Hkwfe ls fdlh izdkj dk dksbZ ykHk ugha gksrk Fkk D;ksafd lkjh Ñf'k ;ksX; Hkwfe ijrh iM+h Fkh ysfdu iwue ds vFkd iz;klksa ls mUgksaus Hkwfe dks fQj ls gjk&Hkjk dj fn;kA iwue Lo;a rks LokoyEch cuh gha lkFk gh iwjs {ks+= dh efgykvksa ds fy, ekxZn”kZd cudj mHkjhaA iwue dks ns[kus ds ckn {ks= dh dbZ efgykvksa dh :fp Ñf'k dk;Z esa c<+h gSA dbZ fdlku [ksrh ds fy, iwue ls tkudkjh ysus vkrs gSa vkSj tkudkjh izkIr djds [ksrh dj ykHk dek jgs gSaA

izLrqfr&euh"k pkSgku laoknnkrk] Ñf"k tkxj.k] ubZ fnYyh eksckby&9891335460 bZesy&manish@krishijagran.com 56

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016


yk[k dh [ksrh

yk

dqlqe o`{k ij yk[k dh [ksrh

[k ,d izkd`frd jky gS tks eknk yk[k dhV }kjk eq[; #i ls iz t uu ds i'pkr~ L=ko ds QyLo#i curk gSA yk[k dhV dh nks iztkfr;ka gksrh gSa ftUgsa dqlqeh vkSj jaxhuh dgrs gSaA izR;sd iztkfr ls o"kZ esa nks Qlysa yh tkrh gSa ysfdu if'pe caxky ds dqN leqnzh {ks= ds vkl&ikl fcyk;rh flfjl ij ,d o"kZ esa rhu Qlysa Hkh yh tkrh gSaA yk[k dh [ksrh ds fy, eq[; iks"kd o`{kksa@ikS/kksa esa dqlqe] iyk'k] csj ,oa lsfe;kyrk dk uke izpfyr gSA blds vykok Hkh dbZ vU; o`{kksa@ikS/kksa tSls ,dsfl;k ,s j s f cdk] xz s f o;k] vYchft;k Y;wflMk] vYchft;k izkslsjk] lksfj;k jkscLVk] lksfj;k rkyqjk] dtkul dtu ij yk[k dk mRiknu fd;k tkrk gSA bu o`{kksa@ikS/kksa ij yk[k dk mRiknu okf.kfT;dh #i ls cgqr egRoiw.kZ ugha gSA bu lHkh yk[k iks"kd o`{kksa esa dqlqe ¼'ysbpsjk vksfyvkslk½ o`{k dk LFkku loksZRre gS ,oa blls yk[k dh mRikndrk Hkh vPNh gksrh gSA dqlqe o`{kksa ij jaxhuh

58

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iztkfr ds yk[k dhV dk ikyu ugha fd;k tkrk gSA vr% jaxhuh ,oa dqlqeh yk[k dhV esa Hksn djus ds fy, ;g ,d vPNk o`{k gSA bl o`{k ij xzh"edkyhu vkSj 'khrdkyhu nksuksa ekSle ds yk[k dhV dks ikyk tk ldrk gSA jaxhuh yk[k dhV dh rq y uk es a dq l q e h yk[k dhV utnhd&utnhd cSBrs gSa ,oa budh yk[k mRiknu {kerk jaxhuh ds eqdkcys vf/kd gksrh gSA dqlqeh yk[k ls vxguh ¼'khrdkyhu½ vkSj tsBoh ¼xz h "edkyhu½ Qly Øe'k% twu&tqykbZ ls tuojh&Qjojh rFkk tuojh&Qjojh ls twu&tqykbZ rd dh gksrh gSA lkekU; ifjfLFkfr esa dqlqe o`{k ij dqlqeh dhV dh mRiknu {kerk N% ekg dh Qly esa 7&8 xquh gksrh gS ftldk rkRi;Z gS fd ,d fd- xzkchgu yk[k ls 7&8 fd-xzk- chgu dk mRiknu izkIr fd;k tk ldrk gSA dqlqe o`{k vkdkj esa dkQh fo'kky gksrs gSaA lkekU;r% ,d vkSlr vkdkj ds o`{k ij 5 ls 8 fd-xzk- chgu yk[k dh vko';drk gksrh gS ftlls N% ekg i'pkr 35&60 fd-xzk- chgu

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

yk[k izkIr fd;k tk ldrk gSA bl izdkj ls ;g dgk tk ldrk gS fd yk[k dh [ksrh ,d vPNk ,oa Qk;nsean O;olk; gSA yk[k dhV ikyu dh izfØ;k,a 1- o`{kksa dh dkV&NkaV% dhV lapkj.k ds le; ueZ] jlnkj Vgfu;ksa dk gksuk vko';d gS ftlls f'k'kq dhV vklkuh ls jl pwl ldasA blds fy, ;g lqfuf'pr djuk gksxk fd dhV lapkj.k ds 18 ekg iwoZ dqlqe o`{k dh dkV&NkaV dj nh xbZ gSA dqlqe o`{k dh dkV&Nka V dk mfpr le; tuojh&Qjojh ;k twu&tqykbZ gS vkSj blh le; yk[k dhV Hkh ifjiDo gksrh gSA 2- dhV lapkj.k% o`{kksa dh ueZ Vgfu;ksa ij f'k'kq dhV QSykus dh izfØ;k gh dhV lapkj.k dgykrh gSA blds fy, chgu yk[k Vgfu;ksa ds yxHkx 6 bap ds VqdM+s dkV ysrs gSaA dkVrs le; chgu yk[k Vgfu;ksa ds ,sls Hkkx ftl ij iiM+h ugha gS] gVk nsrs gSaA chgu dh dVkbZ fldsfV;j ls


yk[k dh [ksrh

www.krishijagran.com fd;k tkrk gSA nok dk fNM+dko%

djrs gSaA yxHkx 100 xzke chgu ds c.My d¨ nksuksa vksj IykfLVd lqryh ls cka/k ysrs gSaA c<+h gqbZ lqryh ls eksVh Mkyh ij bl izdkj cka/krs gSa fd blls fudys gq, f'k'kq dhV vkxs miyC/k ueZ Vgfu;ksa ij iw.kZ :i ls cSB tk,aA lkekU;r% 20 xzke chguyk[k izfr eh- ueZ Vguh ;k dVs fljs dh nj ls vko'd;rk gksrh gSA ,d vkSlr vkdkj dk dqlqe o`{k ij 5&8 fd- xzk- chgu dh vko';drk gksrh gSA ;fn o`{k dkQh cM+k gks rks yxHkx 20&25 fd-xzkchgu Hkh yxkuk iM+ ldrk gSA 3- Qaqdh gVkuk% chgu yk[k ls lEiw.kZ yk[k f'k'kq dhV fuxZeu ds i'pkr~ cph yk[k MaMh gh Qaqdh yk[k dgykrh gS tSls gh blesa ls dhV fuxZeu lekIr gks bls o`{kksa ls mrkjdj Nhy nsuk pkfg, ,oa fcØh dj nsuk pkfg, A otu ds vk/kkj ij chguyk[k dk yxHkx 70&75 izfr'kr MaMh lesr ;k 50&55 izfr'kr fNyh yk[k izkIr gks tkrh gSA 4- Qly ns[kHkky% xz h "edkyhu Qly ¼ts B oh½% tsBoh Qly tuojh&Qjojh ls twu&tqykbZ rd dh gksrh gS ,oa uj ds o;Ld dhV bl Qly esa o`{kksa ij chgu p<+kus ds 65&70 fnu ij fudyuk izkjEHk djrs gSa tks yxHkx 15 fnuksa rd fudyrs gSa vkSj bl le; dksbZ nok dk fNM+dko ugha 60

fNM+dko Økblksik ds vaMs ;k bfYy;kWa gksus ij bFkksQsuizkWDl vFkok

· izkjfEHkd voLFkk esa o`{kksa ij chgu yk[k p<+kus ds 28&30 fnu ij bFkksQsuizkWDl 0-02 izfr'kr vFkok fQizksfuy ¼5% bZ-lh-½ dk 0-007 izfr'kr vFkok bUMksDlkdkcZ ¼15-8% bZlh-½ 0-007 izfr'kr ,oa dkjcsUMkfte 0-05 izfr'kr Äksy dk yk[k Vgfu;ksa ij fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A Økblksik dk vkØe.k gksus ij nwljk fNM+dko 60&62 fnu ij ¼chgu isM+ksa ij p<+kus ls½ dj ldrs gSaA · bFkksQsuizkWDl 0-02 izfr'kr ?kksy ¾ 2 fe-yh- bFkksQsuizkWDl nok izfr fyVj ikuh fQizksfuy 1-5 fe-yhizfr fyVj ;k bUMksDlkdkcZ 0-7 feyh- izfr yhVj ,oa dkjcs.Mkfte gsrq blh ds 15 yh- ?kksy esa yxHkx 15 xzke ikmMjA 'khrdkyhu Qly ¼vxguh½% ;g Qly lkekU;r% twu&tqykbZ ls tuojh&Qjojh rd dh gksrh gS ,oa o;Ld uj dhV chgu yk[k p<+kus ds yxHkx 45 fnu ij fudyuk izkjEHk gksrk gS tks yxHkx 15 fnu rd fudyrs gSaA fdlh Hkh nok dk fNM+dko bl vUrjky esa ugha fd;k tkrk gSA nok dk fNM+dko% · Økblksik dk vkØe.k g¨us ij chgu p<+kus ds 25&30 fnu ij bFkks Q s u iz k WdLk 0-02 izfr'kr ,oa QQawnuk'kd dkjcsUMkfte 0-05 izfr'kr ?kksy dk fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A bldk nwljk fNM+dko 38&40 fnu ij ¼ Økblksik ds vaMs ;k bYyh fn[kus ij ½ fd;k tk ldrk gSA · 62&65 fnu ij rhljk

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

MkW- vkyksd dqekj] MkW- ,-ds-tk;loky] MkW- vkj- ds- ;ksxh ,oa MkW- ,- ds- flag Hkk-d`-vuq-i-&Hkkjrh; izkd`frd jky ,oa xksan laLFkku] jkWaph


Qyksa dh mRiknu rduhd

o

uhacwoxhZ; Qyksa dh mRiknu rduhdh

rZeku le; esa yksxksa esa LokLFk ds izfr tkx#drk fnu&izfrfnu c<+rh tk jgh gSA ge mÙke Hkkstu esa Qyksa dk lek;kstu fd, fcuk larqfyr vkgkj dh dYiuk ugha dj ldrs A m|kfudh Qlyksa dh mRikndrk ,oe~ vk; esa visf{kr o`f+) gsrq miyC/k lalk/kuksa dk lcls mi;qDr mi;ksx dk fu/kkZj.k gh d`f’k oSKkfudksa dk y{; gSA blh ewy Hkkouk dks n`f’Vxr j[krs gq, ÞuhacwoxhZ; Qyksa dh mUur rduhdhß dk izdk”ku d`f’k foKku dsanz ] dVuh }kjk fd;k tk jgk gSA QyksaRiknu ds {ks= esa uhacwoxhZ; Qlyksa Eksa fo”oiVy ij Hkkjr dk N¡Vok LFkku gSA blds mRiknd izeq[k ns”k la;qDr jkT; vesfjdk] Lisu] btjkby] eksjDdks] nf{k.k vÝhdk vkfn gaSA Hkkjr esa Qy mRiknu ds c<+rs dne dkQh mRlkgo/kZd gSaA o’kZ 1991&92 esa Qyksa ds varxZr 2874 gtkj gSDVs;j dk {ks=Qy FkkA og 2013&14 esa c<+dj 7216 gtkj gSDVs;j gks x;kA ogha mRiknu ds n`f’Vdks.k ls 28632 gtkj esfVªd Vu ls c<+ dj 88977 gtkj esfVªd Vu gks x;kA uhacwoxhZ; Qyksa dks ns”k esa mRiknu ds ifjizs{; esa r`rh; LFkku 62

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izkIr gSA o’kZ 2013&14 esa uhacwoxhZ; Qyksa ds varxZr 1078 gtkj gSDVs;j {ks=Qy ogh mRiknu 11147 gtkj esfVªd Vu FkkA ;fn o`f) nj 2012&13 ds rqyuk esa 2013&14 dks ns[kas rks {ks=Qy esa ;g o`f) 3-3 izfr”kr Fkh tcfd mRiknu esa ;g o`f) 9-5% jghA jkT;okj fLFkfr esa egkjk’Vª 15-8%] vkU/kzizns”k 17-2% ogha e/;izns”k dh mRiknu esa Hkkxhnkjh 11-1% dh o’kZ 2013&14 esa jghA uhacwoxhZ; Qy {kq/kko/kZd] df`euk”kd] fiRruk”kd o dQuk”kd gkrsk gS ogha foVkfeu Þlhß ip z jqek=k eas ik;k tkrk gAS uhcaowxh;Z Qykas dk ijh{k.k m|kx s eas ,d fof”k’V LFkku ikzIr gAS blls i;s inkFk]Z vkpkj] Øa- uhacwoxhZ; Qy dk uke 1- ekSlEch 2- esfUMªu@larjk

3-

4-

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

uhacw

xzsiÝwV

lkbfZVd ª ,flM] lkbVVsª vkQ W ykbe vkfn cuk, tkrs gASa Hkkjro’kZ ds 26 izns”kksa esa uhacw oxhZ; Qyksa dh [ksrh lQyrkiwoZd dh tkrh gSA dqN izeq[k jkT;ksa dk fooj.k v/kksfyf[kr gS& tyok;q& Hkkjr o"kZ esa uhacwoxhZ; Qyksa dk mRiknu fofHkUu tyok;q {ks=ksas esa lQyrkiw o Z d fd;k tkrk gS A uhacwoxhZ; Qyksa dh lQyrkiwoZd [ksrh 13 ls 37 fMxzh lsaVhxzsM rkiØe okys {ks=ksa esa dh tk ldrh gSA ysfdu U;wure rkiØe&4fMxzh lsaVhxzsM uohu ikS/kksa ds fy, ?kkrd gksrk gSA vPNh o`f)] iq"iu] Qyu gsrq 25 fMxzh lsaVhxzsM dk rkieku mi;qDr ekuk

jkT; iatkc] jktLFkku] mRrjizns”k egkjk’Vª] e/;izns”k] vka/kzizns”k] iatkc] jktLFkku] mRrjizns”k] dsjy vka/kzizns”k] jktLFkku] dukZVd] mRrjizns”k] xqtjkr] e/;izns”k] egkjk’Vª vka/kzizns”k

iztkfr;k¡ Ikkbu,Iiy] tkQk] fgefyu Ukkxiqj] feUuks] nkftZfyax

dkxth] LVªkSjh] ckjkeklh

ih-ds-,e ¼t;knsoh½

L=ksr% jk’Vªh; ckxokuhcksMZ ¼2010&11½


Qyksa dh mRiknu rduhd tkrk gSA ikyk iM+us okys {ks=ksa esa ikS/kksa dks dkQh uqdlku gksrk gSA lkFk gh 75 ls 250 laseh- o’kkZ okys {ks= mi;qDr ekus tkrs gaSA e`nk& uhacwoxhZ; Qyksa dh [ksrh jsrhyh nkseV ls fpduh e`nk rd dh tk ldrh gS ysfdu vPNh ty fudkl okyh gYdh e`nk mi;qDr ekuh tkrh gSA e`nk dk ih-,p- 5-5 ls 7-5 mi;qDr gksrk gSA 2-1 e`nk dh rS;kjh& uhacwoxhZ; ikS/kksa dh ckx LFkkiuk gsrq LFkku dk p;u djus ds mijkUr tqrkbZ dj lery cuk ysuk pkfg, igkMh+ {ks=ksa esa <+yku ds foijhr ikS/k jksi.k djuk pkfg,A uhacwoxhZ; ikS/kksa eas ty teko dh fLFkfr ls O;kid {kfr gksrh gSA vr% o"kkZdky esa ty fudklh dh mfpr O;oLFkk ikS/kjksi.k ls iwoZ dj ysuk pkfg,A 2-2 yxkus dh nwjh&  ¼1½ larjk (Citrus Ruticulate Blanco) 6X6 eh- izfr gS- ikS/kk la[;k 277  ¼2½ ekSlEch (Citrus Sinensis Osbeck) lkekU; nwjh 5X5 ehizfr gS- ikS/kk la[;k 400  ¼3½ uhacw (Citrus Aurantifalia Swingle) lkekU; nwjh 6X6 ehizfr gS- ikS/kk la[;k 277 2-3 jksi.k& jksi.k gsrq lcls vPNk le; twu&vxLr ekg dk gksrk gSA bl dk;Z gsrq 60X60X60 laseh- vkdkj dk xM~<+k ebZ ekg esa [kksn nsuk pkfg,A bu xM~<ksa esa 10 fdxzk- vPNh lM+h xkscj dh [kkn izfr xM~<+k lkFk gh 500 xzk- lqij QkWLQsV dk iz;ksx jksi.k ds iwoZ djuk pkfg,A 2-4 jks i.k iwoZ mipkj ,oe~ lko/kkfu;ka& ikS / kks a dh tM+ksa dks esVkysDthy ,e tsM 72-2] 2-75 xzke ds lkFk dkcsZaMkfte 1 xzke izfr yh- ikuh dh nj ls yxkus ds iwoZ 10&15 feuV rd Mqckuk pkfg,A jksi.k djrs le; ;g /;ku j[kuk pkfg, dyh tksM+ tehu dh lrg ls 25 lsaeh- Åij jgsA tehu ls 2-5&3 QhV dh ÅapkbZ rd vkus okyh “kk[kkvksa dks le;&le; ij dkVrs jguk pkfg,A

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moZ j d& uhacw oxhZ; Qlyksa esa ukbVªkstu;qDr moZjd dh cjkcj ek=k tuojh] tqykbZ] uoEcj ekg esa nsuh pkfg, tcfd QkWLQksjl ;qDr moZjd o’kZ esa nks cjkcj Hkkxksa esa tuojh o tqykbZ ekg esa lkFk gh iksVk”k;qDr moZjd o’kZ esa ,d ckj tuojh ekg esa nsuk mi;qDr gksrk gSA vUr%dw"kZ.k fØ;k,a& tqrkbZ] [kjirokj fu;a=.k blds izeq[k vo;o gSaA ftlls e`nk LokLFk

Bhd jgrk gSA [kjirokj fu;a=.k gsrq [kjirokjuk”kh jlk;uksa tSls M~;wjkWu ¼3 fe-@gS-½] XykbQkslsV ¼4 yh-@gS-½ dk iz;ksx dj [kjirokj fu;a=.k dj ldrs gaSA tc ikS/ks NksVs gkas rks vUrZorhZ Qly ds #i esa nky okyh Qlyas tSls lks;kchu] puk] eawxQyh] eVj vkfn dk lQyrkiwoZd mRiknu dj vfrfjDr vk; izkIr dj ldrs gSaA N= izcU/ku& uha c w o xhZ ; Qyks a es a vf/kd

mRiknu gsrq N= izcU/ku vko”;d #i ls viukuk pkfg,A uhacw esa ikS/kksa dks ekWMhQkbM lsUVªy yhMj flLVe ds vuqlkj eq[; rus ij 75&100 lseh- rd leLr ”kk[kk,a ¼ eq[; rus dks NksM+ dj½ gVk nsuh pkfg;sA Hkkjh d’kZ.k ds foijhr gYds d"kZ.k ls izdUn o izjksg T;knk fodflr gksrs gSaA bldh NVkbZ esa eq[; #i ls lw[kh]

jksxxzLr] VwVh] VsM+h&es<+h ”kk[kkvksa dks fudky nsuk pkfg,A Qy dh rqM+kbZ ds ckn rqjar NVkbZ djuh pkfg, o dVs gq, Hkkx ij oksjMsDl ysi ;k XykbVkWDl yxkuk pkfg,A izR;sd NVkbZ ds mijkUr ckfofLVu ¼1xzke@yh-½ dk fNM+dko vko';d #i ls laØe.k cpko gsrq djuk ykHkdkjh gksrk gSA

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

63


Qyksa dh mRiknu rduhd dkWij

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3-2 iks"kd rRoksa dh deh ds y{k.k ,oe~ mipkj& Qyksa ij Hkwjkiu fy, nkx fn[kukA Qy gjk gksdj dM+k dkWij lYQsV 2-5 izfr”kr dk fNM+dko djsa ;k ftad lYQsV gks tkrk gS lkFk gh “kk[kk,a lw[kus yxrh gSaA 100&250 xzke@ikS/kk @o’kZ Hkwfe esa iz;ksx djsaA

lzksr% Qyksa dh O;kolkf;d fdLeksa dh lwph MkW- xkSjo flag] vk;qDr] d`f"k ea=ky;] d`f"k ea=ky; ,oe~ lgdkfjrk foHkkx] Hkkjr ljdkj

ty izca/ku& vf/kd fla p kbZ ls vf/kd mRiknu dh /kkj.kk lgh ugha gS cxhpksa esa ¶yM bjhxs'ku ls uqdlku gksrk gSA xehZ ds ekSle esa 4&7 fnuksa ds varjky rFkk BaM ds ekSle esa flapkbZ djuk ykHkizn gksrk gSA flapkbZ gsrq Vid i)fr dk iz;ksx mRre gS ftlls 40&50 izfr'kr ikuh dh cpr gksrh gSSA lkFk [kjirokj dh leL;k esa 40&65 izfr'kr rd dh deh vkrh gSA

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cgkj mipkj& isM+ksa esa vf/kd Qwy izkIr djus ds fy, e`nk izdkj ds vuqlkj 1 ls 2 ekg ckx esa flapkbZ cUn dj nsrs gaS ftlls dkcZu ukbVªkstu vuqikr esa lq/kkj gksrk gS ¼ftlls ukbVªkstu de gks tkrk gS ,oa dkcZu dh ek=k c<+ tkrh gS½ ftlls vf/kd la[;k esa Qwy vkrs gSaA dHkh&dHkh flapkbZ can djus ds ckn Hkh isM+ksa esa iq’i dh voLFkk ugha vkrh gS ogka lh-lh-lh- 1500 ls 2000 ih-ih--,e- dk fNM+dko djus ls

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

vf/kd ek=k esa iq’i izkIr gksrs gaSA Qyksa dk fxjuk& uhcaw oxh;Z Qykas eas ;g ifzØ;k 2 ;k 3 ckj gkrsh gh gAS iFzke Qy xky s h ds vkdkj ls FkkM s k+ cMk+ gkuss ij nl w jk Qy i.wkZ fodflr gkuss ;k Qy jx a ifjoruZ ds le;A Qy rM q k+bZ ds dN q fnu igys Qykas dk fxjuk vfEc;k cgkj dh dkQh cgkj dh leL;k xHakhj gAS Qyksa dks fxjus dh jkd s Fkke grsq Qy w vkus ds le; feifszyd vEy 10 ih-ih-,e;fwj;k 1 ifzr'kr dk ?kky s ykHkinz gkrsk


Qyksa dh mRiknu rduhd gAS flrEcj ekg eas 15 ih-ih-,efcukfey ;k dkcUZsMkfte 1000 ikuh dk fNMd + ko Qykas dks fxjus ls jkd s rk gAS dhV izca/ku& 1- Lkk;yk dhV& lewg esa jgrs gq, eqyk;e ifRr;ksa rFkk Qwyksa ls jl 'kks"k.k djrs gaSA ifj.kker% ueZ ifRr;ka o Qwy lw[k dj fxj tkrs gaSA fu;a = .k gs r q tuojh&Qjojh] twu&tqykbZ rFkk vDVwcj&uoEcj ekg esa uhe rsy 3&5 fe-yh@yh- ;k bfeMkDyksjksfiM dk fNM+dko djsaA 2- i.kZ lqjaxd dhV& ulZjh rFkk NksVs ikS/kksa ij vf/kd izdksi gksrk gS ftlls o`f) #d tkrh gSA ;g dhV dSalj jksx dk laokgd gS fu;a=.k gsrq izHkkfor ifRr;ksa dks u’V dj nsrs gaSA lkFk gh fDoukyQkWl 25 bZ-lh- 2-0 feyh-@yhVj ikuh dk fNM+dko izHkko'kkyh gksrk gSA 3- uhacw dh frryh& bldh bfYy;ka ifRr;ksa dks [kkrh gaS dhV dk izdksi tqykbZ&vxLr ekg esa lokZf/kd gksrk gSA blds fu;a=.k gsrq Mk;isy

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¼ch-Vh-½ 0-05 izfr'kr ;k lk;ij esfFkzu 1 feyh-@yh- ikuh esa feyk dj fNM+dko ykHkizn gksrk gSaA 4- Nky [kkus okyh bYyh& ;g bfYy;ka jkf=pj gksrh gaS tks jkf= esa isM+kas dh Nky dks [kkrh gSaA fu;a=.k gsrq xzflr Hkkx ls tkys gVk dj Mk;DyksjksQkWl 1 izfr'kr ?kksy fNnz esa Mky dj Nsn dks #bZ ls cUn dj nsrs gaSA jksx izca/ku& 1- uhacw dk dSalj jksx& jksxxzLr Hkkx dks dkVdj u’V dj nsrs gSaA blds mijkar 5%5%50 dk cksMksfeDlpj fNM+dko o’kkZ ds igys djsaA uhacw ij 500&1000 ih-ih-,eLVªsVjhekblhu lYQsV ;k 2000 ih-ih,e- QkbVksekblhu dk fXyljhu ds lkFk fNM+dko djuk ykHkizn gksrk gSA ckx esa ty fudkl dk mRre izca/ku djsa D;ksafd ;g jksx ueh esa T;knk gksrk gSA 2- xeksfll& tc flapkbZ dk ty vFkok o’kkZ dk ikuh cxhps esa

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

www.krishijagran.com ikS/kksa ds yxkrkj lEidZ esa jgrk gS rks ikS/kksa dh rus dh Nky QV tkrh gS ftlls xksan tSlk inkFkZ fudyus yxrk gS lkFk gh Nky u’V gks tkrh gSA ikS/ks detksj gksus yxrs gSa vkSj u"V gks tkrs gSA fu;a=.k gsrq Vid flapkbZ dk iz;ksx mfpr gksrk gS Fkkyksa dh flapkbZ fof/k viukuh pkfg,A ikS/ks yxkrs le; xM~<+s eas ftad lYQsV $ dkWij lYQsV $ pwuk ¼5% 1% 4½ dk feJ.k iz;ksx djuk pkfg,A rus ij cksMksZ feDpj dk iz;ksx djuk pkfg,A cksMksZ feDpj cukus dh fof/k& 1 fdyks uhyk FkksFkk dks 5 yhikuh eas ?kksy ysaA blds ckn 1 fdyks fcuk cq>k pwuk vyx crZu esa 1 yhikuh esa ?kqyus dks j[krs gaSA blds mijkUr rhljs crZu eas nksukas ?kksyksa dks lkFk&lkFk feykrs gSaA cksMksZ feJ.k mi;ksx gsrq rS;kj gSA bl ?kksy dks rS;kj djrs le; crZu feV~Vh ;k IykfLVd dk gksuk pkfg,A


jk"Vªh; Ñf"k

D;k ns'k esa jk"Vªh; Ñf"k dEiuh gksuh pkfg,\

ns

'k dh c<+rh vkcknh vkSj —f"k {ks= ij bldk c<+rk ncko ge lHkh ds lkeus gSA gekjs ikl lhfer lalk/ku gSaA vkcknh gj lky yxHkx 2 ls 3 djksM+ dh nj ls c<+ jgh gSA [ksrh esa flafpr [ksrh dk jdck cgqr gh lhfer gS ftlds dkj.k mRiknu c<+kus vkSj viuh vkcknh ds fy, i;kZIr Hkkstu miyC/k djkus dh pqukSrh lkeus [kM+h gSA ns'k esa —f"k dh fodkl nj 1 izfr”kr ls 2 izfr”kr ij #dh gSA —f"k dk thMhih esa ;ksxnku yxkrkj ?kV dj vc 14 izfr”kr ds vklikl gSA fu;kZr vkSj vk;kr esa Hkh vlarqyu gSA ;g vkadM+s fpark dk fo"k; gSaA lcls cM+h ckr gS fd ns'k ds uhfrdkj vkSj ljdkj vHkh Hkh dksbZ Bksl dne ugha mBkrs fn[k jgs gSaA ;g lc fpark djus ds fo"k; gSa D;ksafd —f"k] ns'k esa flQZ [kk|kUu iSnk djus vkSj jkstxkj nsus ek= ,d tfj;k ugha gS mlls Åij mBdj ;g ,d thou dh /kkjk gSA —f"k esa ns'k dks l{ke cukus ds fy, uhfrxr Lrj ij dqN Bksl dk;Z djus dh t:jr gS] buesa ls dqN fuEufyf[kr Hkh gks ldrs gSa& 1- dsaæ dks jk"Vªh; —f"k daiuh ykuh pkfg, tks dsaæ ljdkj }kjk Lora= laLFkku gks tSls Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad gSA ;g —f"k foLrkj] m|ferk fodkl] cktkj vkSj

68

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

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fdlku gsrq dsaæ dh ;kstukvksa rFkk —f"k baÝk o lwpuk vkfn ds {ks= esa dk;Z djsA 2- —f"k {ks= esa m|eh rS;kj djus gksaxs tks vk/ks v/kwjs mi;ksx esa vk jgs gSaA [ksrksa vkSj lalk/kuksa dks mi;ksx esa yk dj vius {ks= & xk¡o esa mRiknu o jkstxkj c<+kus ds lkFk ubZ rduhd ds foLrkj esa dk;Z djsaxsA xUus] ljlksa] xsgw¡ vkfn ds [ksrksa esa xïk fof/k ls cht cks&dj de vof/k esa lCth Qy dk mRiknu dj ldsaA 3- —f"k {ks= ds fy, dtZ C;kt jfgr gks ;k rhu o"kZ rd 3 izfr”kr ij gksA _.k vknkuksa] baÝk] e'khuhdj.k vkfn ij fn;k tkuk pkfg, u fd 'kknh lekjksgksa ds fy,A 4- ljdkjh laLFkkuksa ds —f"k oSKkfudksa dh tokcnsgh gksA rduhdh fu;kZr le; esa fodflr gks vkSj mi;ksx djus ds xarO; rd ,d le; lhek esa igqapsA cht ij fo'ks"k /;ku fn;k tk,A mRiknu esa xq.koÙkk o~ mRikndrk nksuksa dh gh t#jr gSA fdlku ;g Hkh iwN jgk gS fd gesa 50 fdyksxzke ds ;wfj;k cksjk ls dc NqVdkjk feysxk] D;k vuqla/kku bls 500 xzke ;k ,d fdyksxzke ugha dj ldrs gSa \ 5- ikuh cpkus ds fy, fo'ks"k dk;Z fd, tk,a] gj 5 fdeh ij ,d cM+k rkykc cuk;k tk, ftlesa o"kkZ dk ikuh tek gksA yxkrkj çf'k{k.k gksrs jgsaA 6- —f"k e'khujh fodflr gks vkSj cktkj esa fcpkSfy;ksa dk ncnck de gks] HkaMkj.k] iSdsftax] —f"k


jk"Vªh; Ñf"k

ftalksa dh mfpr ;krk;kr lqfo/kk gksA 7- —f"k esa lwpuk dh Økafr vHkh Hkh nwj gS] cktkj vkSj lwpuk ij tksj gks ftlls fdlku vkSj miHkksäk dks mfpr ewY; fey ldsA bu lq>koksa ij dke djus esa lcls vkxs vkMs+ vkrk gS ljdkjh LVkby esa dk;ksaZ dks vatke nsuk] nwljk —f"k dk jkT;kas dk fo"k; gksuk tgk¡ igys ls gh —f"k lsok,a ne rksM+rh utj vk jgh gSaA —f"k foLrkj lsok,a u rks lwpuk vkSj u gh Kku fdlkuksa rd igqapk ik jgh gSa] ;g loZ ekU; gSA dk;Z cgqr gSa fdUrq dgha ls rks 'kq#vkr dh tk,A esjk ekuuk gS fd loZ çFke bl vksj tkus ds fy, ,d jk"Vªh; —f"k daiuh dh t#jr gSA vkvks ppkZ djrs gSa blds Lo:i vkSj dk;ksZa dhA jk"Vªh; —f"k daiuh dEiuh ds mís';& jk"Vªh; —f"k dEiuh dk eq[; mís'; ns'k dh —f"k dh n'kk vkSj fn'kk dks lq/kkj dj —f"k {ks= dks fodkl ds iFk ij vkxs ykuk gSA dkSu cuk, vkSj pyk,xk& ns'k esa jkT; ljdkjksa ds —f"k foHkkx }kjk —f"k dh vko';drk vuq:i dk;Z ugha gks ik jgk gSA mls vkSj lgkjs dh t#jr gSA blds fy, dsaæ ljdkj dks viuh vksj ls igy dj ,d Lo'kkflr laLFkku cuk;k tkuk pkfg, tks Lo;a ds }kjk pfyr gks vkSj ljdkj ls Lora= gksdj dk;Z djsA tSls Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad dk;Z djrk gS ftldk gj deZpkjh vius dke ds fy, tokcnsg gksA D;k dk;Z djsxh —f"k dEiuh \ dEiuh vius mRikn vkSj lsok,a Lo;a r; dj ldsxh fdUrq blds vykok dsaæ ls jkT;ksa dks tk jgk Ñf'k ;kstukvksa dk /ku vkSj dk;Z blds }kjk lapkfyr fd, tk,a] —f"k lwpuk] —f"k esa rduhd dk mi;ksx] <kapkxr lqfo/kkvksa dk fodkl] —f"k ewY;kadu] fMftVy Økafr dk dk;kZUo;u] —f"k ftalksa [kjhn fcØh] mudk HkaMkj.k] forj.k] —f"k m|eh cukuk mudk usVodZ [kM+k djuk] —f"k mRiknu dk LFkku HkkSxksfyd Vsx dj miHkksäk ds fy, czkafMax o iSdsftax djuk] fdlkuksa dks

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,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

www.krishijagran.com —f"k foLrkj lsok,a çnku djuk] pqfuank DyLVlZ gsrq xq.koÙkk dk IykafVax esVsfj;y o cht eqgS;k djuk vkfn [kkl dk;Z dEiuh dj ldrh gSA blds vykok dEiuh m|ksx txr dk d‚iksZjsV lks'ky jsLikWfUlfcfyVh Q.M ds lkekftd dk;Z —f"k vkSj fdlkuksa ds fy, lapkfyr dj ldrh gSA dEiuh dk <kapk ;k Lo#i dSlk gks \ —f"k dEiuh dks loZçFke ns'k ds 200 fiNM+s ftyksa esa LFkkfir djuk pkfg,A LVsV ;wfuV gks ftlds vanj esa ftyk bdkbZ gksa vkSj ftys esa gj Cy‚d dh ,d ;wfuV gks tks 10 DyLVlZ esa foHkkftr gksA bl rjg ls CykWd Lrj ij yxHkx 20 yksxkas dh ;wfuV gks ldrh gS ftlesa eSustj] MkVk leUo;d lfgr vU; dehZ Hkh gksaA bl rjg ls ,d ftys esa 10 ;wfuV feydj ,d ftyk ;wfuV gks ldrh ftlesa 210 LVkQ dh Vhe gksA Vhe eq[; dk;Zdkjh vf/kdkjh o ftyk Lrj ij daVªksfyax o e‚fuVfjax LVkQ }kjk lapkfyr gks ftldk Lo:i lkekU; dEiuh dh rjg {ks=h; dk;kZy;ksa }kjk lapkfyr fd;k tkuk pkfg, tks eq[;ky; ds vf/kdkj {ks= esa jgsA eq[; :i ls dEiuh dk Lo:i d‚iksZjsV baMLVªh gkml tSlk gksuk pkfg,A fdruk jkstxkj iSnk gks ldsxk \ ;fn ge jkstxkj dh ckr djsa rks 200 ftyksa esa dEiuh dk dk;Z LFkkfir djus ls lh/ks rkSj ij 45]000 yksxkas dks ftyk] {ks=h; vkSj eq[;ky; Lrj ij jkstxkj fey ldsxkA fdrus /ku dh vko';drk gksxh \ dEiuh dks LFkkfir djus esa yxHkx 2 ls 3 lky dk le; yxsxkA ;fn okf"kZd ctV dh ckr dh tk, rks ,d bdkbZ dk [kpZ yxHkx 50 yk[k gksxkA çfr ftyk yxHkx 5 djksM+ lkykuk ctV LVkQ ij [kpZ gksxk] dqy okf"kZd yxHkx 1000 djksM+ dEiuh dk LVkQ ij [kpZ gksxkA vU; [kpZ o LFkkiu [kpZ feyk dj dgsa rks dqy 500 djksM+ vU; yxkdj 1500 djksM+ #i, lkykuk vfrfjä ctV esa ns'k ds Ñf"k dsaæ vius gkFk esa j[kdj gekjh vkcknh dh Hkw[k vkSj xjhch ls lqj{kk dh vksj ,d cM+k dne gksxkA ;g ctV lgk;rk /khjs&/khjs de gksrh tk,xh D;ksafd dEiuh —f"k lsok ds lkFk viuh çksQs'kuy lsokvksa ls viuk [kpZ vklkuh ls fudky ldrh gSA fjLd D;k gks ldrs gSa \ jkT; ljdkj dsaæ dh dEiuh dks dke uk djus nsa D;ksafd dsaæh; ;kstukvksa esa jkT; vius fglkc ls [kpZ djrs gSaA nwljk dsaæ }kjk dEiuh dks LorU= dk;Z djus nsukA

osnçdk'k 'kekZ ofj"B i=dkj ,oe~ —f"k ekeykas ds tkudkj eks-% 9810414800 bZ&esy % ved.agri@gmail.com


Jh fof/k

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/kku dh ,l- vkj-vkbZ- ¼Jh fof/k½ ls /kku mRiknu Qk;ns dk lkSnk

d

bZ n'kdksa ls fdlku /kku dk mRiknu dj jgs gSaA ,l- vkj- vkbZ- fof/k gekjs ns'k esa ikuh dh deh dks ns[krs gq, cgqr mi;qä gSA bl fof/k esa de cht o flapkbZ ds ikuh dh t:jr iM+rh gSA [kjhQ ekSle esa /kku dh [ksrh çeq[k :i ls gksrh gS ijaijkxr /kku ds [ksr esa ikuh 2-3 bap rd Hkjdj j[kuk iM+rk gSA ijaijkxr fof/k ls vkSlr mRiknu yxHkx 20 ls 25 fDoaVy çfr gSDVs;j gksrk gS tks fo'o ds vU; ns'kksa dh rqyuk esa dkQh de gSA ,l- vkj- vkbZ- ¼/kku l?kuhdj.k fof/k½ fof/k dh [kkst Ýkalhlh iknjh Qknj gsujh Ms ykMykuh us 1980 esa esMkxkLdj esa dhA bl fof/k esa jklk;fud [kknksa o dhVuk'kdksa ds LFkku ij tSfod [kkn vkSj tSfod rjhds ls dhV fu;a=.k gksrk gSA /kku mRiknu dh ;g cgqr gh fdQk;rh o Qk;nk nsus okyh fof/k gSA bl fof/k dks viukdj 50 çfr'kr ikuh dh cpr gksrh gS rFkk iSnkokj Hkh vf/kd gksrh gSA ,l- vkj- vkbZ- fof/k % bl fof/k ds dbZ Qk;ns gSaA bl fof/k esa ckfy;ksa esa nkuksa dh la[;k vf/kd gksrh gSA ckfy;ksa dh yackbZ] çfr ikS/kk dYyksa dh la[;k, nkuksa dk otu vf/kd

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,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

gksrk gSA ,l-vkj-vkbZ- fof/k esa ulZjh esa chtksa dks FkksM+h lh nwjh ij cks;k tkrk gSA [ksr esa ikuh Hkjdj ugha j[krs gS rFkk de mez ds ¼8&12 fnu½ ds ikS/kksa dk jksi.k djrs gaS ftlls ikS/kksa esa tM+s o u, dYys vf/kd la[;k esa fudyrs gaS vkSj iSnkokj vf/kd gksrh gSA ikS/ks dks ikS/ks ls de ls de 25 lsaeh- ¼vf/kdre 50 lsaeh-½ dh nwjh ij cks;k tkrk gS ftlls ikS/ks dks mfpr çdk'k feyrk gSA tM+ksa dks QSyus dk LFkku feyrk gS vkSj iks"kd rRo çkIr gksrs gaS ftlls vf/kd mRiknu gksrk gSA [kjirokj fu;a=.k esa Hkh enn feyrh gSA ohMj ls fujkbZ djus ls [kjirokj [kkn esa cny tkrh gS vkSj ikS/ks ds fy, iks"k.k dk dke djrh gSA bl fof/k esa tSfod [kkn dk ç;ksx djrs gaSA ftlls gok ds vkokxeu o lw{e thok.kqvksa dh la[;k esa o`f) gksrh gS ftlls ikS/kksa dk fodkl vPNk gksrk gSA lw;Z dk çdk'k feyus ls jksx o dhVksa dk de ek=k esa çdksi gksrk gSA ;fn jksx o dhVksa dk çdksi gksrk gS rks tSfod i)fr ls funku fd;k tkrk gSA ,l- vkj- vkbZ- fof/k dh rqyuk % lkj.kh 1 % ,l-vkj- vkbZ- o ijaijkxr fof/k dh rqyukA


Jh fof/k

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/kku ds çeq[k dhV ,oa chekfj;ksa ds fu;a=.k dh i)fr;ka % /kku esa dbZ çdkj ds dhV o chekfj;ka ikbZ tkrh gSaA fuEu dhV ,oa chekfj;ka tSls% IykaV gksij] ;yks LVSe cksjj] xa/kh cx] yhQ QksYMj] jkbl fgIlk] jkbl eksB] jksMsaV~l rFkk chekfj;ksa esa CykLV] cSDVhfj;y yhQ CykbV] QkWYl LeV] LVSe jkWV ikbZ tkrh gaSA bu chekfj;ksa ds fu;a=.k ds fy, fdlkuksa ds mi;ksx gsrq /kku dh Jh fof/k esa tSfod [kkn dk mi;ksx gksrk gSA ohMj ds }kjk Hkh [kjirokj dks lkQ fd;k tkrk gSA ,l- vkjvkbZ fof/k esa dhV çca/ku ds fy, çk—frd o tSfod rjhdksa dk mi;ksx djuk pkfg,A /kku ds eq[; dhV %

;yks LVSe cksjj

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IykaV gksij

xa/kh cx

jkbl fgIlk

 vPNh fdLe ds chtksa ds fy, ,fVd] —f"k foKku

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fcpkSfy;ka jfgr xzkeh.k foi.ku dsfUær 74

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

jkbl eksB


/kku esa dhV izca/ku

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/kku dh Qly esa dhV izca/ku

jr ds nf{k.k&iwoZ eas fLFkr NRrhlx<+ jkT; izkÑfrd lkSUn;Z] uSlfxZd lEink ,oa lkaLÑfrd fojklr dk /kuh /kku dk dVksjk ds uke ls iz[;kr gSA bl jkT; ds lokZf/kd {ks= esa /kku dh £srh dh tkrh gSA ;gk¡ HkkSxksfyd vuqdwyrk ds dkj.k [kjhQ ,oa jch ds _rq esa flafpr ,oa vflafpr fLFkfr esa lQyrkiwoZd /kku dh [ksrh dh tk jgh gSa ijUrq mfpr Qly izca/ku ds vHkko esa /kku dh mRikndrk jk"Vªh; mRikndrk ls de gSA /kku Qly dh mRikndrk izR;{k :Ik ls mUur'khy fdLe] i¨"kd rRo] flapkbZ] [kjirokj] dhV&O;kf/k ,oa jksx izca/ku ij fuHkZj djrh gSA Qlyksa dks dhVksa] jksxksa ,oa [kjirokjksa ls izfro"kZ 30 izfr”kr rd gkfu gksrh gS ftlesa 35 izfr”kr [kjirokjksa }kjk] 26 76

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izfr”kr jksxksa }kjk] 20 izfr”kr dhVksa }kjk] 7 izfr”kr HkaMkj.k }kjk ,oa 15 izfr'kr vU; dkj.k lfEefyr gaSA mDr ls Li"V gS fd [kjirokjksa ds ckn lcls vf/kd {kfr jksxksa ,oa dhVksa }kjk gksrh gSA dhVksa ,oa chekfj;ksa dk izdksi egkekjh dk :i Hkh ys ysrk gSA buds izdksi ls Qly 'kr~& izfr”kr rd u"V gks tkrh gSA [kjhQ ekSle esa okrkoj.k dh vuqdwy ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls dhVksa o jksxksa dk vkØe.k c<+ tkrk gSA ftlls mRiknu esa dkQh deh gks tkrh gS ftudk mfpr le; esa izca/ku djuk vfr vko';d gks tkrk gSA /kku ds izeq£ dhV ,oa fu;a=.k 1 ruk Nsnd (Yellow Stem Borer)& bl dhV dh bYyh Qly dh lHkh voLFkk dks uqdlku igaqpkrh gSA bYyh dals

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

okyh voLFkk es eq[; rus (dsUnzh; iŸkh&pØ) ij vkdze.k djrh gS ftlls ruk [kqy ugha ikrk gS vkSj Hkwjsiu esa cnydj lw[kk ruk (Dead heart) cukrh gSA ckyh voLFkk esa ;gh bYyh ckyh ds fupys fgLls dks dkVdj lw[kh ckfy;ka (White ears) cukrh gSa ftles iksaps nkus gksrh gSa tks [khapusa ij vlkuh ls ckgj fudy tkrh gaSA o;Ld eknk dhV ds

vkxs ia[k ihykiu fy, chp esa xgjk dkyk fu'kku gksrk gS tcfd uj dhV NksVs Hkwjs jax ds gksrs gaS


/kku esa dhV izca/ku

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tks 31&40 fnu esa viuk ,d thou pØ iw.kZ dj ysrh gS ,oa o"kZ esa 4&5 ihf<+;ka iuirh gSaA jklk;fud fu;a=.k 1 vaMk lewg izfr oxZ ehVj ;k 10 izfr'kr lw[kk ruk ;k 1 frryh izfr oxZ ehVj dhV izdksi gksus ij nkusnkj nokbZ fQijksfuy 0-3 th 20 fdyks izfr gSDVs;j ;k DyksjsVsªfuyhizksy 4th 10 fdyks izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls £kn ;k jsr eas feykdj /kku dh ulZjh@daalk@xHkksV voLFkk ds

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es bl dhV ls 20&40 izfr”kr rd Qly uqdlku dk vkadyu fd;k x;k gSA bl dhV dk izdksi dalk voLFkk ls ckyh fudyus dh voLFkk rd dhV ds f'k'kq rFkk o;Ld ikS/kksa ds fupyh lrg ls jl pwldj uqdlku ig¡qpkrh gSA dhV izdksi dh rhozrk gksus ij Qly xksykbZ eas >qylk gqvk lk izrhr gksrk gSA jklk;fud fu;a=.k 10&20 Hkwjk ekgkas izfr ikS/k xq P Nk dhV iz d ks i gks u s ij bfeMkDyksizhM 17-8 ,l- ,y- dks 250 fe-yh iz f r gS D Vs ; j ;k C;wizksQsftu 25% ,l-lh dks 1000 fe-yh- izfr gSDVs;j ;k Mkbus V ks ¶ ;w j kW u 20 % ,l-th150&200 xzke izfr gsDVs;j ;k

,lhVkfefizM 20% ,l-ih- izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls 400&500 fyVj ikuh esa feyk dj] uksty uhps djrs gq, lh/ks dhVksa (laidZ fo"k) ij 'kke ds le; MkysaA 3 iŸkh yisVd@fprjh ¼Leaf Folder½ bldh bfYy;ka iRrh ds nksukas

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

fdukjkas dks vkil esa TkksM+ dj ifÙk;ksa dk gjk inkFkZ [kqjp dj [kkrh gSa ftlls ifRr;ka lQsn f>Yyhnkj] eqM+h o >qylh gqbZ fn[kkbZ nsrh gSaA o;Ld dhV ukjaxh&Hkwjk gksrk gS o ia[kksa esa cgqr lh fNrjh ykbusa] pdfRr;ka o fdukjksa ij xgjh /kkjh gksrh gSA dhV dk iwjk thou&pØ 27&32 fnu esa iwjk gks tkrk gS o rhoz izdksi dh n'kk esa ikS/kksa dh c<+okj ekjh tkrh gS ftlls yxHkx 10 izfr'kr rd mRiknu esa deh gks ldrh gSA jklk;fud fu;a=.k 2 iw.kZr% {kfr xzLr iRrh lkFk esa bYyh izfr ikS/k xqPNk dhV izdksi gksus ij DyksjsVsªfuyhizksy 18-5 ,llh dks 150 fe-yh ;k fQijksfuy 5%,l-lh- dks 800 fe-yh- ;k ¶ywcsUMkekbM 480 ,l-lh- dks 250 fe-yh- izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls fNM+dko djsaA 4 cadh ¼Case worm½ ;g dhV /kku dh dalk voLFkk esa rFkk fupyh [ksrksa esa tgka nwljs [ksrksa dk ikuh cg dj bdV~~Bk gksrk gS ogka bl dhV dk izdksi vf/kd gksrk gSA bl dhV dh bYyh ifÙk;ksa dks Åij ls dkV dj mldk [kksy tSlk cuk ysrh gSa o blds vanj jgrs gq, ifÙk;ksa dk gjk inkFkZ [kkrh gS ftlls


/kku esa dhV izca/ku ifÙk;ka Åij ls dVh gqbZ o lQsn /kkfj;ka ;qDr fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA dhV izdksi dh rhozrk gksus ij [ksrksa esa NksVs&NksVs /kku ds ikbZiuqek@uko tSlh lajpuk rSjrh gqbZ utj vkrh gS ftlesa bfYy;ka gksrh gaSA jklk;fud fu;a=.k& 1&2 [kksy izfr ikS/kk dhV dk izdksi gksus ij fQijksfuy 5% ,llh ;k fDoukWyQkl 25 bZ-lh dks 800&1000 fe-yh izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls fNM+dko djsaA 5 xaxbZ ¼Gall maidge½ ;g dhV izeq[k :Ik ls /kku dh dalk voLFkk esa Qly dks gkuh igqapkrh gSA bl dhV dh bYyh ¼eSxV½ ikS/ks dh izjksg fcanq ¼fodlhr gksus okyk fcanq½ dks [kkdj u"V dj nsrh gS ftlls ikS/ks dh o`f) :d tkrh gS vkSj xky fufeZr gks tkrk gS tks /khjs&/khjs yEckbZ esa c<+rk gS ftlds dkj.k ,d yEck] [kks[kyk] gYdk ihyk] pkanh ds leku /kku ds ikS/kksa dk chp dk Hkkx cu tkrk gS ftls flyoj lwV dgrs

gSaA rus ds LFkku ij iksaxk ikbZi curk gS] ftlesa ckfy;ka ugha vkrh ftlds dkj.k 8&50 izfr'kr rd gkuh gks ldrh gSA bl dhV dh fØ;k'khyrk tyok;q ij fuHkZj djrh gS vkSj vf/kdrj vxLr ls uoEcj rd fØ;k'khy jgrs gaSA bldk o;Ld eD[kh yEch Vkax] ukjaxh mnjokyh ePNj ds leku gksrk gSA

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www.krishijagran.com jklk;fud jksdFkke 1 iksaxk izfr oxZ ehVj bl dhV dk vkdze.k fn[kkbZ nsrs gh nkusnkj nokbZ fQijksfuy 0-3 th dk 25 fdyks izfr gSDVs;j ;k dkVi gkbMªksDyksjkbM 4 th dks 18&25 fdyks izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls jsr esa ,d leku feykdj fNM+dko djasA 6 dVqok ¼Cut worm½ bls lSfud dhV ;k QkSth dhV Hkh dgk tkrk gSA bl dhV dh bYyh jksih xbZ Qly esa ifRr;ksa dh chp dh f'kjk,a NksM+rs gq, ikS/kksa dh ifRr;ka iwjh rjg [kRe dj nsrs gSaA /kku dh Qly idus ds le; bYyh /kku dh ckfy;ksa dks dkVdj [ksr esa fxjk nsrh gSaA rhoz izdksi gksus dh n'kk esa iwjh Qly cckZn gks tkrh gSaA jkf=pj dhV gksus ds dkj.k fnu esa fn[kkbZ ugha nsrs ,oa lw;Z <yrs gh ;s lfØ; gks tkrs gSaA blfy, izkr% [ksr ij ek= dVh gqbZ /kku dh ckfy;ka gh fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA ;fn [ksr esa /kku ds ikS/kksa ds fVyjl dks chp ls [kksydj ns[kk tk, rks 10&12 bYyh rd /kku dk ,d gh xqPNk ns[kus dks feyrk gSaA /kku dh Qly esa bl dhV dk izdksi flrEcj ls 'kq: gksdj vDVwcj ds izFke ,oa f}rh; lIrkg

rd viuh pje lhek ij igqap tkrk gSA o;Ld dhV e/;e vkdkj dk rxM+k] LysVh] Hkwjs jax dk vkxs ds ia[kksa ij dkys pdŸks o ihNs ia[k lQsniu fy, gq, Hkwjs gksrs gSA ;g dhV 30&40 fnu esa

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

viuk thou pØ iwjk dj ysrh gSaA jklk;fud fu;a=.k 1 bYyh izfr ikS/kk dhV dk izdksi gksus ij DyksjikjhQkWl 20 bZ‐lh‐ dks 2500 feyh ;k MkbZDyksjksokl 80% bZ‐lh‐ 600 feyh ;k ysEcMklkbgksykFkzhu dks 800&1000 feyh izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls 'kke ds le; fNM+dko djasA 7 xa/kh dhV (Gandhi Bug) irys] bdgjs vkSj yEcs Vkaxksa okys xa/kh dhV [ksrksa esa twu esa fn[kkbZ nsrh gSa ,oa ekulwu o"kkZ 'kq: gksrs gh [ksrksa ds vklikl ?kklksa esa v.Mk nsuk 'kq: dj nsrk gS vkSj tSls gh /kku ds ikS/ks mxrs gSa] bl dhV dh f'k'kq o izkS<+ voLFkk nksuksa gh dksey ifRr;ksa]

rus ,oa nfw/k;koLFkk esa /kku dh ckyh dk jl pwlus ds dkj.k /kku dh ckfy;ksa ds nkus [kks[kys rFkk gYds gks tkrs gSa ,oa fNyds dk jax lQsn gks tkrk gSA /kku dh Qly dks nqX/kkoLFkk (flracj&vDVwcj) esa lokZf/kd 20&25 izfr'kr uqdlku gksrk gSA bl dhV dk vkdze.k gksus ij [ksrksa ls vokafNr xa/k fudyrh gS ftlds dkj.k bls xa/kh dhV ds uke ls tkurs gaSA jklk;fud fu;a=.k&% 15&20 cx ;k dhV izfr oxZ ehVj dhV izdksi gksus ij ,ckesafDVu 500 feyh ;k dkcksZfjy pw.kZ 30 fdyks izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls Hkqjdko djasA


/kku esa dhV izca/ku /kku esa ,dhd`r dhV izca/ku 1- ebZ ds eghus esa [ksrksa dh xgjh&tqrkbZ dj nsus ls vf/kdka'k dhV ;k rks rkieku dh otg ls ;k dhVgkjh thoksa@if+{k;ksa dk xzkl cudj lekIr gks tkrs gSaA 2- vPNh mRiknu {kerk o dhV fujks / kh@lgu'khy fdLes a tSls& vkbZ- vkj-&36] egkek;k] nars'kojh] lqj{kk (xaxbZ fujks/kh)] lL;+ J h] fodkl (ruk Ns n d lgu'khy)]f=xq.kk] fof/k (ekagks fujks/kh) dk p;u QlyksRiknu gsrq djsaA 3- tgka rd laHko gks 15 twu rd cqokbZ o 15 tqykbZ rd jksikbZ dk dk;Z iw.kZ dj ysaA ikS/kksa ds vkil dh nwjh 15&20 laseh j[ksaA izR;sd 3 ehVj ds ckn 30 lsaeh- dh iêh [kkyh NksMs+ ftldk mi;ksx fujh{k.k iFk ds :Ik esa fd;k tk ldsA 4- ruk Nsnd ds fu;a=.k gsrq

www.krishijagran.com 9- izdk'k iziap esa nwf/k;k jax ulZjh esa csgu (seedling) dh ifRr;ksa cYc yxk,a o lk;a 7&10 cts rd ij fn, x, v.Ms lewgksa dks bDÎk pkyw j[ksaA djds u"V djsaA 10- ruk Ns n d gs r q 20 5- jkssikbZ ds iwoZ /kku ds Fkjgk fQjks e ksu Vªsi izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls ds tM+ksa dks DyksjikjhQkWl 20 bZ- lhnok dk 1fe-yh- izfr fyVj ikuh rFkk yxk,aA 2 fdyks ;wfj;k feykdj 3&4 ?kaVs 11- gkfudkjd dhVks a ds Mqcksdj jksik yxk;sa ;k ulZjh [ksr esa izkd`frd 'k=qvksa (fe= dhVksa) dk dkcksZ¶;wjkWu 33 fdyks izfr gSDVs;j laj{k.k ,oa lao/kZu vko';d gSA dh nj ls Fkjgk fudkyus ds 4 fnu 12- bl gsrq Qly dk lrr~ igys nsosaA fujh{k.k djrs jgs o fe= dhV ,oa 6- ukbVªkstu ls dhVksa dk gkfudkjd dhVksa dh la[;k dk vkØe.k c<+rk gSA vr% larqfyr vuqikr 2%1 gks rks nok dh ek=k esa jklk;fud moZjdksa dk vko';drk ugha gS ysfdu fLFkfr mi;ksx djsaA foijhr gks vFkkZr~ 1%2 gks rHkh 7- [ksr ds vanj o esa<+ksa ij dhVuk'kdksa dk mi;ksx djsaA mxus okyh [kjirokjksa dk fu;fer 13- gkfudkjd dhVks a ds :i ls mUewyu vko';d gSA izkd`frd 'k=qvksa dh mifLFkfr cuk, 8- Qly {ks= esa izdk'k iziap j[kus gsrq vkfFkZd {kfr Lrj dk /;ku yxkdj dhVksa dh mifLFkfr o la[;k j[ksaA lrr~ fuxjkuh j[krs gq, o;Ld Lkfork Mgfj;k dhVksa dks u"V dj nsaA d`f"k foKku dsUnz] jk;x<+ ¼N-x-½

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

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desaV~l cnyrs ifjos”k ds lkFk fdlku D;k ifjorZu djsa ,oa Ñf"k esa ifjorZu dh D;k t:jr gSa ftlls fdlku [ksrh ls iwjk ykHk izkIr dj ldsaA fo”ks"k rkSj ls ,slh tkudkfj;ka if=dk esa izdkf”kr gksrh gSa ftUgsa i<+us ls Kkuo/kZu gksrk gSA & iz'kkar jktiwr fdlkuksa dks [ksrh djus ds vk/kqfud rjhds vkSj lalk/kuksa dh tkudkjh ds fy, gj ekg izdkf”kr lekpkj if=dk dkfcys rkjhQ gSA Ñf"k tkxj.k ls vuqjks/k gS fd ,sls gh fdlkuksa dk gkSlyk c<+krs jgsaA & vkyksd ikBd if=dk dk Ñ"kd lekt ds izfr vge ;ksxnku gSA vkt Hkh ns”k esa vf/kdka”k tula[;k Ñf"k dk;Z esa layXu gSA ,sls leqnk; dks /;ku esa j[kdj if=dk esa izdkf”kr lekpkj vkSj ys[k lekt ds fgr esa gSA & vfer flag eSa ,d cht dEiuh esa vf/kdkjh in ij gwaA orZeku esa jkaph ds fdlkuksa dh lsok dk lkSHkkX; izkIr gqvk gSA eq>s vkidh if=dk dh fo"k; oLrq dkQh ilan vkbZA fdlkuksa ds fy, ;g if=dk fo”k"k ykHkdkjh gks ldrh gSA & egsUnz >k jk"Vªh; Ñf"k lekpkj o jkT;okj lekpkjksa ds lkFk dEiuh lekpkjksa esa u, mRiknksa dh tkudkfj;ka Kkuo/kZd gSaA fdlkuksa ds lq>ko dk ,d ist layXu djus dh Ñik djsaA

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12 Languages (11 Indian & 1 Global), 21 States, 2 Portals - 10 Million combined readership കൃഷി ജാഗര

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VsDl us ,aMªkW;M 6-0 ek'kZeSyks ij dke djus okyk viuk u;k ctV LekVZQksu ,Dok fjax ykWUp fd;k gSA daiuh us bldh dher ek= 3999 #i, j[kh gSA LekVZQksu dks vkWuykbu 'kkWfiax osclkbV vestu bafM;k ls gh [kjhnk tk ldrk gSA baVsDl ,Dok fjax esa 5 bap dh fMLIys nh xbZ gS] tks 1280 x 720 fiDLy dk fjtkWY;w'ku nsrh gSA Qksu esa 1-3 xhxkgV~tZ dk DokMdksj ehfM;kVsd çkslslj] 1 thch jSe vkSj 8 thch dh baVjuy LVksjst nh xbZ gSA dSejs dh ckr djsa rks QksVksxzkQh ds fy, blesa Mqvy ,ybZMh ¶yS'k] vkWVksQksdl] iSuksjek eksM] Qsl C;wVh vkSj tsLplZ ls ySl 5 esxkfiDly dk fj;j vkSj 5 esxkfiDly dk gh ÝaV dSejk fn;k x;k gSA Qksu esa 2480 ,e,,p dh cSVjh ikWoj nh xbZ gSA vkdkj dh ckr djsa rks ;g Qksu 9-25mm iryk gSA nwljs dbZ LekVZQksu dh rjg ;g Hkh 21 Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa dks liksVZ djrk gSA csgrj dusfDVfoVh ds fy, blesa 3th liksVZ] CywVwFk 4-0] okbZ&QkbZ 802-11 ch/th/,u vkSj thih,l tSls QhplZ fn, x, gSaA CySd dyj esa miyC/k ;s Qksu 1 lky dh okWjaVh ds lkFk vkrk gSA


flusek

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insZ ij [kqn dk fdjnkj fuHkk ldrha gS csch M‚y

c‚

yhoqM dh csch M‚y luh fy;ksuh ij c‚;ksfid cu ldrh gSA i‚uZ baMLVªh ls c‚yhoqM esa dne j[kus okyh luh fy;ksuh dh ftanxh ds dbZ jkt ,sls gSa ftUgsa yksx tkuuk pkgrs gSaA ppkZ gS fd luh ij ,d ck;ksfid cuus tk jgh gSA luh [kqn bl fQYe esa dke djrs gq, utj vk ldrh gSaA mudh ykbQ dkQh mrkj&p<+ko Hkjh jgh gSA vc ,d fQYe ds :i esa luh ds thou ls muds QSal :c: gks ik,axsA luh dh ykbQ bruh cksYM jgh gS fd dksbZ ,&fyLVj fQYeesdj mu ij ck;ksfid cukus dh fgEer ugha dj ik;k blfy, bldk ftEek fy;k vfHk"ksd 'kekZ us ftudh rsjs fcuk yknsu vkSj n “kkWdhUl dks n”kZdksa us dkQh ilan fd;k FkkA bl ck;ksfid esa beks'ku] Mªkek] d‚esMh lcdqN gksxkA ;g luh dh M‚D;wesaVªh ls fcYdqy vyx gksxhA blesa luh ds ifr Msfu;y oscj Hkh utj vk,axsA xkSjryc gS fd luh vkSj Msfu;y gh bl fQYe dks çksMîwl dj jgs gSaA

Mcy jksy esa utj vk,axs vtqZu diwj

v

iuh ih<+h ds ,DVlZ esa vtqZu diwj ,sls igys ghjks gSa ftUgksaus nks fQYeksa esa Mcy jksy fd;k gSA [kcj gS fd vtqZu eqckjdk esa Hkh Mcy jksy esa utj vk,axsA vkidks crk nsa fd bl fQYe esa vtqZu igyh ckj vius pkpk vfuy diwj ds lkFk dke dj jgs gSaA fQYe esa Hkh nksuksa pkpk&Hkrhts ds jksy esa gh gksaxsA vtqZu dk ,d jksy Hkrhts dk gksxk vkSj nwljk ,dne vyx gksxkA bl fQYe ds Mk;jsDVj vuhl cTeh gSaA fQygky vtqZu psru Hkxr ds uksoy gkQ xyZÝsaM ij vk/kkfjr fQYe dh 'kwfVax esa O;Lr gSaA vtqZu dh fiNyh rhu fQYesa QkbafMax QSuh] rsoj vkSj dh ,aM dk ckWDl&vkWfQl ij dksbZ deky ugha dj ikbZ FkhaA vc gkQ xyZÝsaM vkSj eqckjdk tSlh fQYeksa ls vtqZu dks ,d fgV dh ryk'k gksxhA

Ckkxh&2 esa Ñfr lsuu ;k tSDyhu

[k

cj gS fd fQYe ckxh ds lhDoy esa fQj ls Vkbxj JkWQ yhM jksy esa utj vk,axsA d;kl yxk, tk jgs gSa fd fQYe esa tSdyhu QukZafMt vkSj —fr lsuu dks fy;k tk ldrk gSA xkSjryc gS fd tSdyhu us lkftn ds cSuj ds rgr gkmlQqy vkSj fdd fQYeksa esa dke fd;k gSA ogha nwljh vksj —fr us Hkh ckWyhoqM esa MsC;w lkftn dh fQYe ghjksiarh ls fd;k FkkA fQYe dks igys 'kCchj [kku us M+k;jsDV fd;k Fkk ysfdu bl ckj fQYe dks dksfj;ksxzkQj vgen [kku M+k;jsDV dj jgs gSaA ns[kuk fnypLi gksxk bl ckj Vkbxj dh ghjksbu dkSu cusxh tSduhu ;k fQj Ñfr\ gkykafd ckxh ds igys ikVZ esa J`)k diwj vkSj Vkbxj JkWQ dh tksM+h dks n”kZdksa us dkQh ilan fd;k FkkA

86

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016


[kkuk&[ktkuk

88

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

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VªsaM ,.M ykbQLVkby

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VªkbZ djsa usy vkVZ

fd

lh Hkh yM+dh dh [kwclwjrh flQZ mlds psgjs ls ugha gksrh cfYd mldh [kwclwjrh esa uk[kwuksa dk Hkh mruk gh egRo gksrk gS ftruk fd mlds ckyksa] vka[kksa] eqLdku] gksaB vkfn dk gksrk gSA ;s ckr lgh gS fd psgjk vge Hkwfedk fuHkkrk gS ysfdu ftl ij ge lcls de /;ku nsrs gSa og gSa uk[kwuA bu fnuksa uk[kwuksa dh [kwclwjrh esa pkj pkan yxkus ds fy, usy vkVZ pyu esa gSA vki pkgsa rks bls ?kj ij ;k ckgj tkdj fdlh ikyZj esa djk ldrs gSaA usy ij jaxhu

vk

tdy Vªkbcy ToSyjh dkQh fMekaM esa gSA ekWMuZ yqd nsus ds fy, Vªkbcy ToSyjh dk ,d ihl gh dkQh gSA ge vkidks crk jgs gSa fd fdl rjg dh ToSyjh vki dSjh dj ldrs gSa vkSj [kqn dks ikjaifjd yqd esa <ky ldrs gSaA

gkVZ 'ksi Qsl bl psgjs ij Vªk,axy vkSj gqIl bZ;fjaXl [kwc QcsaxsA gkVZ “ksi Qsl ij yacs usdihl vokWbM djuk Bhd jgsxkA

LDos;j Qsl bl rjg ds Qsl ij doZ usdihl vkSj fizalst LVkby ds usdihl igusaA blls psgjk NksVk fn[ksxkA 90

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

dyj ds fMtkbu vkidks cksYM yqd ds lkFk dkWfUQMsaV yqd Hkh nsxkA usy vkVZ dh fo'ks"krk ;g gS fd vki bles a cgq r ls ,DlisfjesaV dj ldrs gSa tSls & FkzhMh usy vkVZ blesa ,fØfyd dk bLrseky gksrk gSA bl vkVZ dk Qk;nk ;s gS fd ;s vkVhZfQ'ky uk[kwuksa ij dh tkrh gSA dqN xyr gksus fd fLFkrh esa bls gVk;k Hkh tk ldrk gSA ;s ,d ikWyhej ikmMj gS ftls eksuksej fyfDoM ds lkFk feykdj dbZ rjg ds fMtkbu cuk, tkrs gSaA gok ds laidZ esa vkrs gh ;s fMtkbu Bksl :i ys ysrs gSaA blesa dbZ rjg ds fMtkbu miyC/k gSa tSls Qwy] /kuq"k] fny] yhQ] Fkzh&Mh esa dbZ iSVuZ vkrs gSaA

fn[kas LVkbfy'k iguas Vªkbcy ToSyjh ykWUx Qsl ykWUx Qsl ij ys;MZ vkSj yacs usdihl VªkbZ djsaA blls vkidk yqd vkd"kZd fn[ksxkA

vksoy 'ksi bl psgjs dh [kkfl;r gS fd vki bl ij fdlh Hkh rjg dh ToSyjh VªkbZ dj ldrs gSaA jkmaM Vªkbcy b;fjaXl bl psgjs ds fy, ijQsDV gSA


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jkf'kQy

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ekfld

flrEcj

Hkfo";Qy es"k

o`"kHk

2016

bl ekg fdlh fLFkfr dks T;knk xaHkhjrk ls u ysaA datwlh dk Hkko Hkh eu esa jgsxkA u;k fctusl 'kq: djuk pkgrs gSa rks le; vPNk gSA bl ekg vkidks fctusl esa ykHk ds lkFk ikVZuj ls lg;ksx vkSj Qk;nk Hkh feysxkA

bl ekg FkksM+k /khjt vkSj [kqn ij fu;a=.k j[ksa] lQyrk feysxhA vki ukSdjh o O;olk; ds dke iwjs tks'k ls fuiVk ysaxsA ekg ds e/; esa cM+s dkeksa dh Hkh Iykfuax gksxhA muesa lQyrk izkfIr gksus ds ;ksx gSaA

bl ekg vkidh NksVh&cM+h ijs'kkfu;ka lqy>rh tk,axhA vkidh cukbZ ;kstuk,a lQy Hkh gks ldrh gSaA vki ftruk larqfyr O;ogkj j[ksaxs mruk csgrj gksxkA vkidks Qk;nk gksus ds Hkh ;ksx gSaA

ddZ

flag

dU;k

bl ekg lQyrk,a [kqn vkids ikl pydj vk,axhA dkedkt ds ekeyksa esa vkidks thoulkFkh ls lg;ksx feysxkA ok.kh ij la;e j[ksaA vki iSlksa dh fLFkfr ij fopkj dj iSlksa ls tqM+h gj fLFkfr ij vPNs ls /;ku nsaA

bl ekg vkids dkedkt dh tkap gks ldrh gSA gkykafd dk;Z{ks= ls tqM+s ftrus Hkh dke gksaxs] oks vkids Qsoj esa gh gksaxsA vius lkFk dke djus okyksa vkSj vU; yksxksa ls rkyesy cSBk dj pyuk vkids fy, fgrdj gksxkA

bl ekg dkedkt ds fygkt ls pgy&igy jgsxhA ?kj esa /kkfeZd iwtkikB ds ;ksx gSaA ifjokj ls rkyesy cSBkdj pyuk vkids fy, [kkl jgsxkA ekg ds var rd vkids jkstejkZ ds dkedkt Hkh le; ij iwjs gks tk,axsA

rqyk

o`f'pd

/kuq

bl ekg vkids eu esa ckj&ckj u, fopkj vk,axsA vius nk;js ds yksxksa ls tqM+us dh dksf'k'k djsaxsA rqyk jkf'k okys yksxksa ds fy, paæek dh fLFkfr vPNh jgsxhA /ku ykHk gksxk vkSj dkedkt esa eu yxsxkA

bl ekg fdlh u fdlh rjg ls vkidks Qk;nk gksrk jgsxkA blls vki [kq'k gks tk,axsA xqLls ij daVªksy djsaA v/kwjs dke iwjs gks tk,axsA nksLrksa ls vkidks Qk;nk gksxkA [kpZ dh vf/kdrk ls fpark Hkh gks ldrh gSA

;g ekg fctusl vkSj ukSdjh ls lacaf/kr fdlh cM+s QSlys ds fy, vPNk gSA fdlh ds lkFk iSlksa dk dksbZ egRoiw.kZ djkj Hkh gks ldrk gSA vki FkksM+s ewMh jgsaxs vkSj euethZ ls dke djus dh bPNk gksxhA

edj

dqaHk

ehu

bl ekg tks Hkh dksf'k'k djsa iwjs fny ls djsa lQyrk vkids dne pwesxhA viuh ckr j[kus vkSj rdZ nsus esa vki lQy jgsaxsA vkidk igyk çHkko cgqr vPNk iM+sxkA

bl ekg fdlh dke ds fy, u, fljs ls “kq:vkr djuh iM+ ldrh gS vkSj O;Lrrk Hkh T;knk gksxh ysfdu lQyrk Hkh feysxhA :ds gq, dk;Z djus ds fy, ;g ekg vPNk gSA

bl ekg vki Hkkoqd de vkSj O;kogkfjd T;knk jgsaxs ysfdu dbZ rjg dh ftEesnkfj;ka Hkh iwjh djuh iM+ ldrh gSaA viuh O;kogkfjdrk ls lQyrk Hkh gkfly djsaxsA vkidk joS;k nwljksa ds fy, mnkjrk Hkjk gks ldrk gSA

92

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

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[ksy

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fla/kq] lk{kh] nhik vkSj thrw gksaxs [ksy jRu

lk

y 2016 ds fy, Hkkjr ds loksZPp [ksy iqjLdkj jktho xka/kh [ksy jRu dh ?kks"k.kk dj nh xbZ gS ftlds rgr fj;ks vksyafid 2016 esa vius gquj dk ijpe ygjkus okyh pkjksa Hkkjrh; efgyk f[kykfM+;ksa fla/kq] lk{kh] nhik vkSj thrw dks bl vokWMZ ls uoktk tk,xkA blds lkFk gh 15 vU; f[kykfM+;ksa dks vtqZu vo‚MZ Hkh fn, tk,axsA ;g Hkkjr ds fy, xkSjo dh ckr gS fd cSMfeaVu f[kykM+h ihoh fla/kq] igyoku lk{kh efyd us fj;ks vksyafid esa uk flQZ csgrj izn”kZu fd;k cfYd Hkkjr ds fy, ind Hkh thrsA ogha fu'kkusckt thrw jk; vkSj fteukLV nhik deZdkj us dksbZ ind rks ugha thrk ysfdu mUgkasus vius izn”kZu dk yksgk euok;kA fla/kq us fj;ks vksyafid esa jtr ind thrk tcfd lk{kh efyd us dq'rh esa dkaL; ind gkfly fd;k gSA vkidks crkrs pysa fd bu pkjksa f[kykfM+;ksa us NksVh txg ls gksus ds ckn Hkh dM+h esgur dj u flQZ viuk uke fd;k cfYd ns”k dks xkSjokafor fd;kA

vf'ou us rksM+k lfpu dk fjdkWMZ

gk

y gh esa Hkkjr vkSj osLVbaMht ds f[kykQ [ksyk x;k vkf[kjh VsLV vkj- vf”ou ds fy, dkQh egRoiw.kZ jgkA vf”ou ds xsan vkSj cYys nksuksa us ,slk deky fn[kk;k fd mUgksaus ekLVj CykLVj dk fjdkWMZ rd rksM+ fn;kA mUgksaus cYys ls tgka 234 ju cuk,a ogha xsan ls 17 fodsV Hkh gkfly fd,A 29 o'khZ; bl vkWyjkmUMj f[kykM+h us nks 'krd Hkh yxk, vkSj nks ckj ikjh esa 5 fodsV Hkh >VdsA vf'ou ds 'kkunkj çn'kZu ds fy, mUgsa eSu v‚Q n lhjht ls uoktk x;k tks muds 36 VsLV ds dfj;j esa NBh ckj FkkA ,slk djrs gh mUgksaus Hkkjr ds fy, bfrgkl jp fn;k vkSj vc vf'ou lcls T;knk eSu v‚Q n lhjht gkfly djus okys Hkkjrh; f[kykM+h cu x, gSaA lfpu rsanqydj vkSj ohjsaæ lgokx tSls /kqja/kjkas ls vf'ou dgha vkxs fudy x, gSaA blls igys Hkkjr ds fy, VsLV esa lcls T;knk eSu v‚Q n lhjht dk fjd‚MZ la;qä rkSj ij lfpu rsanqydj vkSj ohjsaæ lgokx ds uke FkkA nksuksa gh fnXxt cYyscktksa us 5 ckj eSu v‚Q n lhjht dk iqjLdkj thrk FkkA bl nkSjku mudk 200 VsLV [ksyus okys lfpu vkSj 104

94

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

VsLV esa 5 ckj eSu v‚Q n lhjht dk f[krkc thrus okys lgokx ls eqdkcyk Fkk ftlesa mUgkasus nksuksa gh fnXxt f[kykfM+;ksa dks ihNs NksM+rs gq, ,d u;k bfrgkl jpk gSA


jktuhfr

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xaxk rV ij gksxh tSfod [ksrh

dsa

æh; ty lalk/ku] unh fodkl ,oa xaxk laj{k.k ea=h mek Hkkjrh us uekfe xaxs ds rgr okjk.klh esa fofHkUu ifj;kstukvksa dk 'kqHkkjEHk djrs gq, dgk fd uekfe xaxs dh dk;Z;kstuk ds ewrZ :i ysus ds ckn jkT; esa jkstxkj ds volj c<+saxsA mUgksaus dgk fd xaxk fdukjs jklk;fud [ksrh ij jksd yxsxh vkSj ljdkj xkS&ikyu vkSj tSfod [ksrh dks c<+kok nsxhA mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk fd ljdkj xkS&ikyu vkSj tSfod [ksrh ds fy, ;qokvksa dks dkS'ky fodkl dk çf'k{k.k nsxhA çf'k{k.k dk;ZØe esa

efgykvksa dks ojh;rk nh tk,xhA uekfe xaxs ;kstuk ds rgr xaxk ds rVh; xkaoksa esa iDds ?kkVksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k tk,xkA lkFk gh xaxk fueZyhdj.k ds fy, fjoj ÝaV fodflr fd;k tk,xkA

pkj djksM+ fdlku Qly chek dk ykHk ysaxs

pk

j djksM+ fdlku vHkh ç/kkuea=h Qly chek ls tqM+saxs vkSj chek dk ykHk mBk,axsA fdlkuksa dks Qly chek ;kstuk viuh vksj

vkdf"kZr dj jgk gS ftlds pyrs fiNys o"kZ ds eqdkcys T;knk fdlku blls tqM+saxsA ;s mä ckrsa dsaæh; —f"k ea=h jk/kk eksgu flag us dghaA Kkr gks fd fiNys o"kZ rhu djksM+ fdlku Qly chek ;kstuk ls tqM+s gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd ns'kHkj dh yxHkx 200 eafM+;ksa dks bl ;kstuk ls tksM+k tk,xkA vkxkeh ekpZ ekg rd 400 eafM+;ksa dks vkWu&ykbZu fd;k tk,xkA bl ;kstuk dk mís'; fdlkuksa dks —f"k gkfu ls cpkuk gSA bl ;kstuk ls tqM+us ds fy, vkSj fdlkuksa dks çksRlkfgr fd;k tk,xkA

dkaxzsl us fQj lk/kk eksnh ij fu'kkuk

dka

xzsl us ,d ckj fQj eksnh ljdkj ij fu”kkuk lk/kk gSA yxrk gS fd dkaxzsl vkSj eksnh ljdkj ds chp ,d&nwljs ij ykaNu yxkus dk ;g [ksy ;wa gh pyrk jgsxkA gky gh esa iz/kkuea=h ujsanz eksnh us tksj nsrs gq, dgk fd jk"Vªokn chtsih dh igpku gSA mUgksaus chtsih dh jkT; bdkb;ksa ds dksj lewgksa dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, ;g ckr dgh tks fd dkaxzsl dks ukxokj xqtjhA dkaxzsl us eksnh ij fu”kkuk lk/krs gq, dgk fd eksnh us viuk y{; cny fn;k gS tcfd mUgsa jk"Vªokn ds dkj.k ugha cfYd 96

,e-,-lh- —f”k tkxj.k vxLr 2016

yksxksa ls fd, x, muds oknksa ds fy, fuokZfpr fd;k x;k Fkk tks vc rd iwjs ugha gq, gSaA chtsih us ckn esa iz/kkuea=h ds gokys ls tkjh ,d c;ku esa dgk fd ge yxkrkj fodkl ds fy, dke dj jgs gSa ysfdu ;gka dqN ,sls rRo gSa tks bls ilan ugha djrsA os gekjk o yksxksa dk /;ku caVkuk pkgrs gSaA gesa vke vkneh dks le>kuk gksxk fd gekjk ,dek= edln jk"Vª fuekZ.k gSA


Published on 25th & Posted on 27th - 28th of Every Month RNI No. 65027/1996 Postal Reg. No. DL-SW-1/4177/2014-16


Krishi Jagran Hindi Magazine august 2016 final