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RNI No. 65027/1996 Postal Reg. No. DL-SW-01/4177/17-19 Published on 25th & Posted on 27th - 28th at NDPSO in Advance Month

ISSN 2455-1074

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esaFkk dh mUur [ksrh nq/kk: i’kqvksa esa Fkusyk jksx tSfod [ksrh& lalk/ku dk lefUor izca/ku


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fo”k;koyh ,e- th- oklu

Ñf”k dk;Z-------------------------------------------------------------08

Ñf”k lekpkj--------------------------------------------------------10

vfuFkk txnhlu izhriky flag fy”kk vUuk

daiuh lekpkj-----------------------------------------------------16 xsgwa dh vf/kd QlyksRiknu gsr flapkbZ vkSj [kjirokj izca/ku ,oa mudk egRo-------------------------28

i’kq jksx fu;a=.k-----------------------------------------------------34

euh’kk “kekZ flIiw dqekj izksukeh “ksfr;k dapu eks;kZ

vkyw ds ckjs fof’k”V ckrsa vkSj jksx-------------------------40

tSfod [ksrh- lalk/ku dk lefUor izca/ku--------------------44 lat; JhokLro esaFkk dh mUur [ksrh----------------------------------------------------48

iz”kkar “kekZ lqthr iky r:u flag vo/ks”k ;kno iIiw jk; eukst dqekj

johUæ tkuk izeksn flag

nq/kk: i’kqvksa esa Fkusyk jksx----------------------------------------52

tSfod Ñf”k esa dsapqvk [kkn dk egRo------------------------58

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fnlEcj] 2019 04

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teu Z rduhd Hkkjrh; [ksrksa dh tqrkbZ esa fo’ks”kK

batu osV ,;j fQYVj oVhZdy gkbV gSaMy ,MtLVesaV lkbM&os gSaMy ,MtLVesaV ÝaV fyf¶Vax gSaMy VªkaliksVsZ’ku OghYl~ cM+h dk;Zdkjh pkSM+kbZ vkSj xgjkbZ jkscLV fx;j ckWDl

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h; lai knd fdlku [ksrh ds lkFk i’kqikyu dj viuh vk; esa djsa o`f)

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ch Qlyksa dh cqokbZ dk lhtu py jgk gSA ,sls esa tks fdlku HkkbZ vHkh rd csekSleh ckfj'k ;k vU; fdUgha dkj.kksa ls Qlyksa dh cqokbZ ugha dj ik, gaS oks tYn ls tYn cqokbZ dj ysaA cht dh cqokbZ ls igys fdlku HkkbZ ;g t:j lqfuf'pr dj ysa fd oks ftl cht dh cqokbZ dj jgs gaS oks ekud gaS ;k ugha] D;ksafd bu fnuksa cktkj esa vekud cht /kM+Yys ls fcd jgs gSaA gkykafd ljdkj ,sls nqdkunkjksa ij udsy dl jgh gS ftlls vekud cht cktkj esa u fcd ldsaA /;ku jgsa fd vekud cht dh otg ls u flQZ QlyksRiknu ij çHkko iM+rk gS cfYd bldh otg ls —f"k fodkl nj esa Hkh deh vkrh gSA bl ekg esa jch dh çeq[k Qly vkyw esa fiNsrh >qylk uked jksx] eVj esa ikmMjh vkSj ljlksa esa pSatk vkSj rsyk gksus dk [krjk cuk jgrk gSA ,sls esa fdlku HkkbZ bu dh jksdFkke gsrq mfpr Qly çca/ku djsaA xr ekg ijkyh tykus dh leL;k —f"k vkSj i;kZoj.k nksuksa ds gh –f"Vdks.k ls csgn Toyar eqík jghA bldh jksdFkke gsrq dsaæ vkSj jkT; ljdkjksa dh vksj ls dbZ egRoiw.kZ dne mBk, x,A tgka ,d vksj ijkyh ls fuiVus ds fy, —f"k e'khujh dh [kjhnkjh djus ij fdlkuksa dks lfClMh nsus dk ,yku fd;k x;k rks ogha] nwljh vksj tks fdlku ijkyh ugha tyk,axs mudks çfr ,dM+ ds fglkc ls lfClMh nsus dk ,yku fd;k x;kA tSlk fd loZfofnr gS fd ijkyh tykus ls u flQZ i;kZoj.k ij çHkko iM+rk gS cfYd feêh dh moZjrk {kerk Hkh de gksrh gS] D;ksafd [ksr esa ijkyh tykus ls fdlkuksa ds fe= dhV ej tkrs gSaA ,sls esa fdlku HkkbZ ijkyh tykus ls cpasA vxj i'kqikyu O;olk; dh ckr djsa rks gky gh esa 20oha i'kqx.kuk fjiksVZ vkbZ gSA ;g x.kuk u dsoy uhfr fuekZrkvksa] cfYd —f"k fo'ks"kKksa] O;kikfj;ksa] m|fe;ksa] Ms;jh m|ksx vkSj fdlku

Hkkb;ksa ds fy, [kq'k[kcjh ysdj vkbZ gSA njvly ns'k esa ekStwnk oä esa dqy i'kq/ku vkcknh 535-78 fefy;u gS tks i'kq/ku x.kuk&2012 dh rqyuk esa 4-6 çfr'kr vf/kd gSA ,sls esa ge ;g dg ldrs gSa fd Hkkjr esa i'kqikyu O;olk; esa rhoz xfr ls o`f) gks jgh gSA ,slk ugha gS fd foxr dqN o"kksaZ esa ;g cnyko ns[kus dks fey jgk gS] cfYd lfn;ksa ls Hkkjr ,d vksj tgka [ksrh ds fy, iwjh nqfu;k esa e'kgwj jgk gS ogha nwljh vksj i'kqikyu ds fy, Hkh e'kgwj jgk gSA i'kqikyu dks ges'kk ls gh fdlkuksa ds fy, ,d ykHknk;d O;olk; ds rkSj ij Hkh ns[kk tkrk jgk gSA ekStwnk oä esa i'kqikyu ds tfj, fdlku o vkeyksx dbZ rjg ds mRiknu djds yk[kksa #i, eghuk dek jgs gSaA i'kqikyu ,d ,slk O;olk; ekuk tkrk gS ftlesa ?kkVk gksus dh laHkkouk Hkh de gksrh gSA i'kqikyu esa vkt dbZ ubZ oSKkfud i)fr;ka fodflr gks xbZ gSa tks i'kqikydkas ds fy, dkQh ykHknk;d lkfcr gks jgh gAaS ,l s s eas ftu fdlku Hkkb;kas us vHkh rd i'kiqkyu dh 'k# q vkr ugha dh g]S oks dj ldrs gASa mä ckrkas ds eíustj bl vd a eas i'kv q kas eas gkuss okyk Fkuy S k vkjS fiNk jkx s ds y{k.k vkjS mipkj ds ckjas eas foLrr` :i eas tkudkjh nh xbZ gAS vxj [ksrhckM+h dh ckr djsa rks bl vad esa fnlacj ekg ds —f"k dk;ksaZ tSls fd xsgwa] vkyw vkSj fofHkUu lfCt;ksa ds Qly çca/ku ds ckjs esa foLr`r :i esa tkudkjh nh xbZ gSA blds vykok esaFkk dh ykHkdkjh [ksrh vkSj tSfod [ksrh ds ckjsa esa foLr`r :i ls tkudkjh nh xbZ gSA vr% fdlku HkkbZ bu lHkh vkys[kksa dks i<+dj —f"k dk;Z vkSj i'kqikyu esa ykHk mBkus ds lkFk gh viuh vk; esa o`f) dj ldrs gSaA bUgha lHkh mEehnksa ds lkFk ns'k ds lHkh fdlku HkkbZ [kq'kgky gks mldh dkeuk djrs gSa----


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Ñf”k dk;Z

fnlEcj ekg ds Ñf”k ,oa ckxokuh dk;Z ysaA /;ku jgs fd cqokbZ ds le; feêh esa Hkjiwj ueh gksA Ÿ nsj ls cks;s xsgwa dh c<+okj de gksrh gS vkSj dYys Hkh de fudyrs gSaA blfy, çfr gSDVs;j cht nj esa o`f) dj ysaA Ÿ cqokbZ drkjksa esa gy ds ihNs dwM+ksa esa ;k QVhZ lhM fMªy ls djsaA ckn dYys curs le; djuh pkfg,A flapkbZ dj nsaA rks ogha >qylk jksx dh jksdFkke ds fy, çfr gSDVs;j 2-0 fdxzk 500&600 yhVj ¼eSadkstsc 75 çfr'kr 50 MC;w-ih-½ dks ikuh esa ?kksydj 10 fnu ds varjky ij nks ckj fNM+dko djsaA

fy, çfr o`{k 250 xzke feFkkby iSjkfFk;ku dk cqjdko isM+ ds ,d ehVj ds ?ksjs esa dj nsaA fQj isM+ ds rus ij tehu ls 30&40 lsUVhehVj dh Å¡pkbZ ij 400 xst okyh ,YdkFkhu dh 30 lsUVhehVj pkSM+h iêh lqryh vkfn ls dldj cka/k nsa vkSj mlds nksuksa fljksa ij xhyh feêh ;k xzhl ls ysi dj nsaA isM+ ij feyh cx dk çdksi ugha gksxkA

djsaA [ksr dh xqM+kbZ djuk Hkh Qk;nsean gksxkA XySfM;ksyl esa vko';drkuqlkj flapkbZ ,oa fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ djsaA eqj>kbZ Vgfu;ksa dks fudkyrs jgsa vkSj cht u cuus nsaA Ÿ esaFkk ds fy, Hkwfe dh rS;kjh ds le; vafre tqrkbZ ij çfr gSDVs;j 100 dqUVy xkscj dh [kkn] 40&50 fdxzk ukbVªkstu] 50&60 fdxzk QkLQsV ,oa 40&45 fdxzkå iksVk'k Hkwfe esa feyk nsaA Ÿ

flapkbZ djsaA /;ku j[ksa] [ksr esa ikuh [kM+k u jgsA fudyus ds igys gh nwljh flapkbZ dj nsaA djrs jgsaA blls xUuk lw[kus ugha ik;sxk vkSj otuh Hkh cusxkA

Ÿ Ÿ

Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ

ikS/ks dks ikys ls cpko ds fy, NIij ;k /kq,a dk çcU/k djsaA lCth eVj esa Qwy vkus ds iwoZ ,d gYdh flapkbZ dj nsaA vko';drkuqlkj nwljh flapkbZ Qfy;ka curs le; djuh pkfg,A VekVj dh xzh"e _rq dh Qly ds fy, ikS/k'kkyk esa cht dh cqokbZ dj nsaA I;kt dh jksikbZ ds fy, 7&8 lIrkg iqjkuh ikS/k dk ç;ksx djsaA VekVj ,oa fepZ esa >qylk jksx ls cpko ds fy, eSadkstsc 0-2 çfr'kr ¼2 xzke nok çfr yhVj ikuh½ dk fNM+dko djsaA

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Editor editor@krishijagran.com vke rFkk yhph esa ,e-,-lh-

dh jksdFkke ds

fnlEcj] 2019 08


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Ñf”k lekpkj

e/;izns’k esa gksxh dktw dh [ksrh

e

/;çns'k ds fdlkuksa ds fy, vPNh [kcj gSA njvly e/;çns'k esa Hkh vc dktw dh [ksrh 'kq: gks xbZ gSA dsaæ ljdkj dh enn ls bldh 'kq#vkr e/;çns'k ds pkj ftyksa ls gqbZ gSA dktw vkSj dksdks fodkl funs'kky;] dksfPp us e/;çns'k ds cSrwy] fNanokM+k] ckyk?kkV vkSj flouh ftys dh tyok;q dks dktw dh [ksrh ds fy, mi;qä ik;k gSA bu ftyksa esa jk"Vªh; —f"k fodkl ;kstuk 'j¶rkj' esa bl o"kZ dktw {ks= foLrkj dk;ZØe esa ykxw dj fn;k x;k gSA e/;çns'k ds ftu pkj ftyksa esa dktw dh [ksrh 'kq: gqbZ gS] ogka vuqlwfpr tkfr] vuqlwfpr tutkfr vkSj lekU; oxZ ds fdlkuksa us feydj dqy 1430 gSDVs;j {ks= esa dktw ds 1-60 gtkj ikS/kksa

dk jksi.k fd;k gSA xkSjryc gS fd dktw ds ikS/ks 2 lky esa FkksM+s cgqr Qy nsus yxrs gSa] ysfdu O;olkf;d mRiknu esa 6 ls 7 lky yx tkrs gSaA ,d dktw ds ikS/ks ls yxHkx 15&20 fdyks dktw dk mRiknu gks tkrk gSA dPpk dktw 100 ls 125 #i;s çfr fdyks fcdrk gSA

rackdw jfgr tSfod flxjsV lqjf{kr /kweziku ¼dSesfy;k lkbusafll½ xqykc dh ia[kqfM+;ksa] iqnhus dh ifÙk;ksa dks feykdj oftZu isij ij jksy dj vkSj #bZ dk fQYVj yxkdj cukbZ xbZ gSA rackdw vkSj fudksfVu ls eqä bl tSfod flxjsV esys ds vafre fnu n'kZdksa dks [kwc Hkk;hA 7 uoacj ls 9 uoacj rd pyk ck;ksQSp bafM;k esyk uuZcxZ esls bafM;k vkSj okf.kT; ea=ky; ds v/khu —f"k ,oa çlaL—r [kk| mRikn fodkl çkf/kdj.k ¼,ihMk½ us feydj vk;ksftr fd;k FkkA crk ns fd rackdw jfgr flxjsV dks ih;w"k NkcM+k us vius nks Hkkb;ksa xkSjo vkSj fufru ds lkFk feydj rS;kj fd;k gSA

/kw

eziku ls dSalj dk [krjk vf/kd jgrk gS vkSj ,sls yksx tks /kweziku ds vknh gSa vkSj og bls NksM+us ds ç;kl esa gSa rks muds fy, rackdw jfgr tSfod flxjsV lqjf{kr vkSj vf/kd lsgrean fodYi gSA njvly 9 uoacj dks lekIr gq, xzsVj uks,Mk esa rhu fnu ds tSfod mRikn esys ck;ksQSp bafM;k esa rackdw jfgr tSfod flxjsV] çn'kZuh dk voyksdu djus vk, n'kZdksa dh eq[; vkd"kZ.k dk dsaæ jghA ;g flxjsV rqylh] pk; ds ikS/ks

,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 10


hindi.krishijagran.com

Ñf”k lekpkj

fnYyh vkSj flfDde esa ykxw gqvk ih,e fdlku lEeku fuf/k ;kstuk

iz

/kkuea=h fdlku lEeku fuf/k ;kstuk dk Qk;nk vc fnYyh vkSj flfDde ds fdlkuksa dks Hkh feysxkA [kcjksa ds eqrkfcd] fnYyh ljdkj us tSls gh vius fdlkuksa dk MkVk dsaæh; —f"k ea=ky; dks Hkstk oSls gh 11]495 fdlkuksa ds cSad vdkmaV esa 2&2 gtkj #i;s dh jde Hkst nh xbZA ogha] flfDde esa 4470 fdlkuksa dks iSlk Hkstk x;k gSA gkykafd if'pe caxky vkSj y{k}hi ds ,d Hkh fdlku dks bldk Qk;nk ugha fey ldk gSA D;ksafd nksuksa us vius fdlkuksa ds uke dsaæ ljdkj dks ugha HkstsA bldh cM+h jktuhfrd otg gSA fnYyh ljdkj Hkh vius ;gka ç/kkuea=h fdlku lEeku fuf/k ;kstuk dks ykxw ugha dj jgh FkhA ysfdu pquko utnhd vkrs gh mlus bldh btktr ns nhA

moZjdksa ds larqfyr mi;ksx ls Qlyksa dh mRikndrk c<+kbZ tk ldrh gS

fd

lkuksa ds chp moZjd ds mi;ksx dks ysdj tkx:drk ij vk;ksftr lEesyu esa —f"k ea=h ujsaæ flag rksej us dgk fd moZjdksa ds larqfyr vkSj feêh ds fglkc ls mi;ksx ls lHkh [kjhQ vkSj jch Qlyksa dh mRikndrk c<+kbZ tk ldrh gSA moZjdksa ds larqfyr mi;ksx ls fdlkuksa dh vk; Hkh c<+sxhA mUgksaus dgk fd] dh fgLlsnkjh fQygky 14 çfr'kr gS] ;g i;kZIr ugha gS- dk;ZØe esa dsaæ jlk;u ,oa moZjd ea=h Mh oh lnkuan xkSM+k us dgk fd e`nk LokLF; ij /;ku nsus dh vko';drk gSA blds lkFk gh mUgksaus js[kkafdr fd;k fd dsaæ fofHkUu moZjdksa ij lfClMh miyC/k djk jgh gSA ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 12


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Ñf”k lekpkj

jch Qlyksa dh ,e,lih esa gqbZ c<+ksÙkjh

iz

/kkuea=h ujsaæ eksnh dh v/;{krk esa 23 vDVwcj 2019 dks fnYyh esa gqbZ dSfcusV ehfVax ds ckn ljdkj dh rjQ ls dbZ ?kks"k.kk,a dh xbZA ftuesa ,d jch o [kjhQ Qlyksa dh ,e,lih esa gqbZ

c<+ksÙkjh gSA njvly dsaæ ljdkj us jch dh Qlyksa ds leFkZu ewY; ¼,e,lih½ esa 325 #i, rd btkQs dks eatwjh ns nh gSA blds vykok xsgwa dk ,e,lih 85 #i, c<+k fn;k x;k gSA xsgwa dk ,e,lih igys 1840 #i, Fkk tks vc c<+dj 1925 #i, çfr fDoaVy gks x;k gSA blds vykok tkS] puk] elwj] ljlksa vkSj dqlqe ds ,e,lih esa Hkh c<+ksÙkjh dh xbZ gSA

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æ ljdkj us gky gh esa ,d eksckby ,si tkjh fd;k gSA bl a eksckby ,si ds tfj, fdlku vklkuh ls —f"k e'khujh fdjk, ij ekaxk ldrs gSaA bl ,si ds ihNs dsaæ ljdkj dh ;g ea'kk gS fd ns'k ds mu fdlkuksa dks lgh le; ij —f"k e'khujh miyC/k djk;k tk,a tks —f"k e'khujh [kjhnus esa l{ke ugha gS ;k fQj y?kq ,oa lhekar fdlku gSA dsaæh; —f"k ,oa fdlku dY;k.k ea=ky; us bl ,si dk uke lh,plh QkeZ e'khujh eksckby ,si ¼CHC Farm Machinery APP½ fn;k gSA lh,plh QkeZ e'khujh eksckby ,si ¼CHC Farm Machinery APP½ ls igys VªSDVj dh cqfdax ls fy, Hkh ,d ,si tkjh fd;k tk pqdk gSA [ksrh lEcaf/kr lHkh ns[ksa phtsa vkWuykbu eaxok,A fdlkuksa dk viuk vkWuykbu LVksj

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fnlEcj] 2019 14

iwjs Hkkjr esa Ýh&gkse fMyhojh


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daiuh lekpkj

Ñf”k esys esa ^fLVy bafM;k* us fdlkuksa dks fn, iqjLdkj

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Ùkjk[kaM ds nsgjknwu fLFkr fgefxjh th fo'ofo|ky; esa 7 vkSj 8 uoacj dks nks fnolh; dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA esys esa cgqr lkjh daifu;ksa us f'kjdr dj vius&vius mRiknksa dh çn'kZuh Hkh dh- esys dk mn~?kkVu —f"k ,oa m|ku ea=h] mÙkjk[kaM ljdkj lqcks/k mfu;ky us fd;kA esys esa gtkjksa dh la[;k esa fdlkuksa us f'kjdr dj —f"k mRiknksa esa viuh vfHk#fp fn[kkbZA bl esys esa —f"k midj.k cukus okyh daifu;ksa esa ls ,d daiuh

fdlku igqaps vkSj fLVy bafM;k ds mRiknksa ds ckjs esa tkudkjh çkIr dhA blds vykok —f"k ea=h lqcks/k mfu;ky us Hkh fLVy bafM;k ds LV‚y ij igqapdj ds mRiknksa ds ckjs esa tkuk vkSj mRiknksa dh rkjhQ dhA

vykok fdlkuksa dks lEekfur Hkh fd;k x;kA bl iq:Ldkj dk forj.k —f"k ea=h lqcks/k mfu;ky ds }kjk fd;k x;kA ;g iq:Ldkj fdlkuksa dks muds }kjk daiuh dh mRiknksa ds bLrseky djus ds eísutj fn;k x;kA bl nkSjku www.marketmirchi.com ls vius —f"k mRikn] —f"k lsok,a] —f"k ukSdfj;ksa vknh ds eq¶r foKkiu nsdj vius xzkgdksa ds lkFk fcuk fcpkSfy;k ls tqM+sa A [kjhnkjh] fcØh ;k ukSdjh ls lacaf/kr fdlh Hkh foKkiu ds fy, marketmirchi.com ds gkseist ij lacaf/kr iksLV fyad ij fDyd djas A 'kq# es iathdj.k djus fd vko';drk ugha A blds vykok [kjhnkj@ foØsrk ls lh/kk laidZ djus ds fy, marketmirchi.com ds gkseist ij search section es lacaf/kr fyad ij fDyd djsaA —i;k fdlh Hkh lgk;rk ds fy, 9822719618 ij d‚y djsaA xzkeh.k&'kgjh —"kh O;kikjksa ls tqM+us ds fy, iwjh rjg ls eq¶r [kqyk eap www.marketmirchi.com

,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 16


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daiuh lekpkj

bQdks us ykWUp fd;k uSuks rduhd QfVZykbtj

ns

'k dh lcls cM+h QfVZykbtj daiuh bQdks us jklk;fud moZjdksa ds mi;ksx dks de djus ds ç;klksa ds rgr igyh ckj vk/kkfjr QfVZykbtj is'k fd, gSA daiuh us uSuks ukbVªkstu] uSuks ftad vkSj uSuks d‚ij uke ls ;s mRikn y‚Up dh gSaA bQdks dh rjQ ls tkjh ,d c;ku esa dgk x;k gS fd ;s i;kZoj.k ds vuqdwy mRikn Hkkjr esa igyh ckj is'k fd, x, gSaA ;s mRikn ikjaifjd jklk;fud moZjdksa ds mi;ksx dks 50 Qhlnh rd de djsaxsA blds vykok Qly mRiknu dks 15&30 Qhlnh rd c<+kus dh {kerk j[krs gSaA bu mRiknksa dks bQdks ds dyksy fLFkfr

uSuks ck;ksVsDuksy‚th fjlpZ lsaVj esa nslh rduhd ls fodflr fd;k x;k gSA dsaæh; jlk;u vkSj moZjd ea=h lnkuan xkSM+k }kjk xqtjkr ds dyksy esa vk;ksftr ,d dk;ZØe esa bu uSuks mRiknksa dks y‚Up fd;k bQdks ds bl ç;klksa dh ç'kalk djrs gq, QfVZykbtj ea=h lnkuan xkSMk us dgk fd bQdks ds bl rjg ds ç;kl ls o"kZ 2022 rd fdlkuksa dh vkenuh dks nksxquk djuk vkSj vklku gks tk,xkA mUgksaus dgk fd ?kVrs lalk/kuksa vkSj QfVZykbtj ds c<+rs mi;ksx ds dkj.k [ksrh dh ykxr dkQh c<+h gSA

,xzh ck;ksVsd daiuh ^dSu ck;ksfll* us LihM dEiksLV ykWUp fd;k

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/kksa ds iks"k.k vkSj dhV çca/ku ds {ks= esa dke dj jgh ,xzh&ck;ksVsd daiuh us ,d i;kZoj.k vuqdwy mRikn y‚Up dh gS] tks ijkyh tykus dh leL;k ls futkr fnyk,xkA MkW- lanhik dfurdj] pS;jesu eSusftax Mk;jsDVj ds eqrkfcd fofHkUu 'kks/k laLFkkuksa vkSj vf/k—r laxBuksa ls ekU;rk çkIr bl mRikn ls i;kZoj.k ds fy, dksbZ tksf[ke iSnk ugha gksrk gS vkSj blls feêh dh xq.koÙkk vkSj —f"k mit dks c<+kus esa Hkh enn feyrh gSA mä leL;k ds lek/kku ds vykok bl mRikn ls feêh esa tSfod inkFkZ c<+ tkrs gSa] feêh esa ikuh dks /kkj.k djus dh {kerk c<+ tkrh gS vkSj lkFk gh moZjdksa dk dq'ky bLrseky vkSj e`nk ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 18

lw{etho xfrfof/k;ksa esa Hkh lq/kkj gksrk gSA bl uohu mRikn dh is'kd'k ds lkFk lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, j.kuhfrd lk>snkjh dh laHkkoukvksa ij Hkh dke dj jgh gSA


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daiuh lekpkj

VªSDVj fuekZrk daiuh efgæak ,aM efgæak us euk;k xq: ukud nso th dk 550 oka izdk’k o”kZ

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[kksa ds igys /keZxq# vkSj fl[k /keZ ds laLFkkid xq# ukud nso dh 550oha t;arh ds ekSds ij ns'kHkj esa g"kksaZ mYykl dk ekgkSy jgkA bl nkSjku Hkkjr dh VªSDVj fuekZrk daiuh efgaæk ,aM efgaæk ds deZpkfj;ksa us Hkh çdk'k ioZ dks [kkl vankt esa euk;kA njvly efgaæk ,aM efgaæk fyfeVsM eqacbZ QkeZ fMohtu ds deZpkfj;ksa us xq#}kjk Jh csj lkfgc esa tkdj yaxj esa lsok dhA

ogha daiuh us vtqZu vYVªk 605 MhvkbZ VªSDVj] xq#}kjs dks lsoknku dhA bl ekSds ij us'kuy lsYl gsM ,e ,aM ,e fyfeVsM QkeZ fMohtu lquhy t‚ulu us dgk fd] ^foÙkh; y{; ds lkFk&lkFk daiuh vius lkekftd mÙkjnkf;Roksa dks Hkh le>rh gSA* mUgksus dgk fd] ^ckck xq: ukud nso th Hkh ,d fdlku gh Fks vkSj mUgas [ksrh cgqr ilan FkhA gekjh daiuh Hkh fdlkuksa ds fy, dke djrh gS vkSj ge pkgrs gSa fd xq: ukud nso th ls lh[k ysdj fdlku HkkbZ mUur [ksrh djsaA* rks ogh] f'kjksef.k xqj}kjk çca/kd desVh lsØsVjh efganj flag us dgk fd] ^fulansg efgaæk ,aM efgaæk fyfeVsM daiuh fdlkuksa dh lPph nksLr gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd o"kksaZ ls daiuh dh lHkh —f"k e'khu uacj ou cuh gqbZ gSaA*

fLVy bafM;k daiuh dh Ldhe ds rgr xksgj ds fdlku us thrh ckbd

Hkk

jr esa vR;k/kqfud —f"k vkSj xkMZfuax midj.k miyC/k djokus okyh eYVhus'kuy daiuh }kjk vk;ksftr blesa eaMh ftys ds xksgj mieaMy ds xkao rquk ds fdlku Vsdpan us Vhoh,l LVkj flVh ckbd thrhA ftls fLVy bafM;k daiuh ds ,fj;k lsYl eSustj xkSjo xqtjky vkSj lqanjuxj fLFkr vf/k—r foØsrk lSuh VªSMlZ ds ,eMh rsftanj flag lSuh }kjk lkSaik x;kA bl volj ij xqtjky us dgk fd ÞfLVy fdlkuksa dks Hkkjh 'kjhfjd ruko ds fcuk —f"k dk;ksaZ dks iwjk djus ds fy, l{ke cukrk gSA ,sls gh gky esa ykWUp gq, csgrjhu fVyj ,e,p 610 o 710 ykWUp fd, x, FksA bu mRiknksa dks fdlkuksa rd igqapkus o igyh ilan cukus ds fy, daiuh ds }kjk ;g Ldhe Hkh ykWUp dh xbZ FkhAß ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 19


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QkeZfe=

^QkeZfe=* ls tkfu, e`nk ijh{k.k ls D;k feysaxs ykHk

Hkk

jr ds vxz.kh tujy chek daiuh ds :i esa] ctkt ,fy;kat tujy ba';ksjsal vius mRiknksa vkSj chekvksa ls ijs lsokvksa dh foLr`r J`a[kyk ds ek/;e ls laiw.kZ ns'k ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa yksxksa ds lkFk&lkFk d‚iksZjsV lsDVj dh vko';rkvksa dks iwjk djus esa rRij gSA

enn djuk gS; fo'ks"k :i ls fdlku ca/kqvksa dk ftuds fy, geus bl vuks[ks IysVQkeZ ;kfu fodflr fd;k gSA ÞQkeZfe=ß ds ek/;e ls] gekjk y{; fdlkuksa dks u dsoy muds Qly chek ds ckjs esa lwfpr djuk gS] cfYd —f"k dk;Z ls lacaf/kr O;fäxr lwpuk,a miyC/k djkrs gq, muds Qly mRiknu dks c<+kus esa enn djuk gSA lHkh {ks=h; Hkk"kkvksa esa miyC/k ,si fdlkuksa ds fy, ennxkj lkfcr gksxk vkSj mUgsa muds chek i‚fylh] losZ{kd dh fu;qfä] nLrkostksa dks is'k djus] nkos ds Hkqxrku vkfn dh fLFkfr ds ckjs esa tkudkjh çkIr djus esa enn djsxkA ,si ds ek/;e ls fdlku dksbZ Hkh ç'u iwN ldrs gSa vkSj iwoZ&fu/kkZfjr le;&lhek ds Hkhrj gekjs fo'ks"kKksa ls mÙkj çkIr dj ldrs gSaA lkFk gh] ;g ,si fdlkuksa dks fofHkUu ljdkjh ;kt s ukvkas tl S s ih,e,Qchokb]Zih,e&t,sokb]Zih,ed,slokb]Z ih,edoshokbZ vkfn vkSj egRoiw.kZ —f"k vk/kkfjr dk;ZØeksa tSls —f"k çn'kZuh] çf'k{k.k vkfn ds ckjs esa tkudkjh çkIr djus esa enn djsxkA vkt ds ek/;e ls] ge ysds vk;s gSa e`nk LokLF; çca/ku ij ,d fo'ks"k J`[kaykA vkt ds bl ys[k esa ge foLr`r esa tkudkjh ysaxs ds ckjs esaA D;k vkidks yxrk gSa dh Þe`nk ijh{k.kß gj ,d [ksr dh t:jr gS\ —f"k&dk;Z vktdy vR;ar xgu gks x;k gS] orZeku le; esa vf/kdka'k ;qok fdlku lksprs gSa fd [ksr ds çfr bdkbZ {ks= ls] vf/kd ls vf/kd Qly dSls mxkbZ tk,a\ tc ge lkekU; :i ls e`nk ds iks"kd rRoksa ds çca/ku ij fopkj djrs gSa rks fcuk e`nk tkap ds fdlh Hkh çdkj dh vuq'kalkvksa dks ykxw djuk vR;ar dfBu çrhr gksrk gSA moZjdksa ds ek/;e ls iks"kd rRoksa dh vkiwfrZ csgrj iSnkokj çkIr djus ds fy, vR;ar vko';d gSa] ysfdu e`nk dh xq.koÙkk esa Øfed ºzkl ds dkj.k bl çdkj ds lrr miyfC/k dks cuk,a j[kuk dfBu gksrk tk jgk gSA fo'ks"k :i ls Hkkjrh; fdlkuksa ds fy, mi;qä çdkj ds moZjdksa ds ckjs esa tkudkjh feyuk cgqr dfBu gS] tks muds [ksr dh feêh dks vko';d iks"k.k çnku djsaA fdlh dks Hkh iks"kd rRoksa dh vkiwfrZ djus okys moZjdksa dk p;u djus ls igys Qly dh vko';drk,a] ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 20

cqokbZ dk {ks=] ikS/kksa ds chp dh nwjh ;k ikS/kksa dh la[;k] flapkbZ ds ózksr vkSj feêh ds xq.kksa ij fopkj djuk pkfg,A feêh ds xq.kksa dks eq[; :i ls HkkSfrd] tSfod vkSj jklk;fud esa ckaVk tk ldrk gSA feêh ds ,d uewus dk fo'ys"k.k dj blds la?kVdksa ds ckjs esa vkSj fQj HkkSfrd fLFkfr ds ckjs esa tkuus ds fy, fd;k tk ldrk gS] blesa ekStwn lw{kEthoksa dh la[;k dk irk yxkdj blds tSfod 'kfä vkSj iks"kd Lrj] ih,p ¼pH½ ds ckjs esa tkuk tk ldrk gS; pH ds ckjs esa tkudj bldh jklk;fud ç—fr Kkr dh tk ldrh gSA feêh dh tkap ds eq[; :i ls pkj pj.k gksrs gSa % uewuk ysuk; fo'ys"k.k djuk; ifj.kkeksa dh O;k[;k djuk vkSj var esa vuq'kalk ;kuh flQkfj'k djukA feêh dh tkap bldh moZjrk ds Lrj dk fu/kkZj.k djus esa enn dj ldrh gS] vkSj iks"kd rRoksa ds deh] laHkkfor fo"kkä inkFkksaZ vkSj Vªsl feujy dh mifLFkfr dh igpku dj ldrh gSA bu rF;ksa dh igpku gesa fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa feêh dh xq.koÙkk esa ºzkl ds fofHkUu pj.kksa dks igpkuus esa enn dj ldrh gSA ;fn ge lwpuk ,d= djrs gq, fu;fer :i ls fof'k"V {ks=ksa ij /;ku nsrs jgsa] rks ge Qlyksa ds p;u ds vuqlkj csgrj Qly ;kstuk vkSj moZjd çca/ku fodflr dj ldrs gSaA 1- feêh dh tkap fjiksVZ ukbVªkstu] Q‚LQksjl] iksVSf'k;e vkSj lw{e iks"kd rRoksa dh vkiwfrZ ds fy, mfpr moZjdksa ds bLrseky ds fy, flQkfj'k djus esa enn dj ldrh gSA 2- feêh dh tkap ds ek/;e ls Qly dh lw{e iks"kd vko';drkvksa dk fu/kkZj.k fd;k tk ldrk gSA 3- ;g ,d mi;ksxh iks"kd rRoksa ds leqfpr çca/ku esa lgk;d gSA 4- moZjdksa dh lVhd ek=k dks feêh esa feykus ls feêh dh fo"kkärk dks fu;af=r fd;k tk ldrk gSA 5- feêh dh tkap fjiksVZ ds ek/;e ls Qlyksa ds fy, iks"kd rRoksa dh vko';drk dks oSKkfud :i ls fd;k tk ldsxkA blhfy, gesa yxrk gSa dh] feêh dh tkap djuk vR;ko';d gSa vkSj gj ,d [ksr dh t:jr gSA ge ls tqM+s jgs QkeZfe= eksckby ,fIyds'ku ij —f"k] i'kq/ku vkSj Qly chek ds ckjs esa uohure tkudkjh tkuus ds fy,A ys[kd % 1½ vk'kh"k vxzoky] çeq[k] —f"k foHkkx] ctkt ,fy;kat tujy ba';ksjsal daiuh fy- ;sjoMk] iwuk] egkjk"VªA 2½ çktäk ikVhy] —f"k fo'ks"kK] QkeZfe= Vhe] —f"k foHkkx] ctkt ,fy;kat tujy ba';ksjsal daiuh fy;sjoMk] iwuk] egkjk"VªA

Farmitra

,si dks MkmuyksM djus ds fy, xwxy Iys LVksj ij tkdj Farmitra lpZ djsaA


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daiuh lekpkj

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oh ,u vkj e/kqj&lhrkQy QhYM Ms

yksa dh ubZ çtkfr;ksa ds vuqla/kku] fodkl ,oa foLrkj ds fy, fo[;kr ,oa oh ,u vkj chgh ve:n ds }kjk fdlkuksa dh vk; dks nksxquh ls vf/kd c<+kus dh fn'kk esa lrr~ ç;kljr oh ,u vkj ulZjh] jk;iqj] NÙkhlx<+ us bl o"kZ fot;n'keh ds 'kqHk&volj ij lhrkQy dh ubZ çtkfr oh ,u vkj e/kqj HksaV dhA fnukad 19 vDVwcj dks oh ,u vkj vuqla/kku ,oa fodkl dsanz dksgfM+;k esa ,d QhYM Ms dk vk;kstu gqvk ftlesa NÙkhlx<+ lfgr vkB çns'kksa ds ¼jktLFkku] egkjk"Vª] e/;çns'k] vka/kzçns'k] mM+hlk] xqtjkr] rsyaxkuk½ ls rdjhcu 250 fdlkuksa us Hkkx fy;kA oh ,u vkj e/kqj lhrkQy ds cM+s vkdkj] vkd"kZd jax] de ,oa NksVs cht rFkk ehBs Lokn us lHkh fdlkuksa dks çHkkfor fd;kA fdlkuksa dks lhrkQy dh çLrqr çtkfr oh ,u vkj e/kqj dh [ksrh ds fo"k; esa foLrkj ls tkudkjh nh xbZ

ftlesa [ksr dh rS;kjh] ykbu ,oa ikS/kksa dh leqfpr nwjh] fMªi }kjk [kkn ,oa ikuh nsus dh O;oLFkk] çwfuax ,oa LVªsl ds tfj, ikS/ks ds vkdkj ,oa mRikndrk dk lkaetL; ,oa gkFk ls ijkxj.k ds }kjk vPNs vkdkj ds Qy çkIr djus dh fof/k eq[; jgh FkhA nwjn'kZu ds fdlku pSuy }kjk vk;ksftr ç'uksrjh dky esa fdlkuksa }kjk ckxokuh ds fofHkUu pj.kksa esa gksus okyh leL;kvksa ls lacaf/kr ç'u iwNs x, ftldk lek/kku fo'ks"kKksa us fn;k gSA fo'ks"kKksa esa Jh ';ke xêkuh v/;{k] lhrkQy egkla?k] egkjk"Vª] Jh uoukFk dliVs] 'kky s kijq] egkjk’V]ª Jh nos'sk 'kDqyk] fctul s gM s ] oh-,u-vkj- uljZh ,oa Jh fgr'sk o:] v/;{k] NÙkhlx<+ ;oqk çxfr'khy fdlku l?ak vkfn mifLFkr FkAs krishijagran

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Ñf"k txr esa gksus okys u, vkfo"dkj] Ñf"k e'khujh] Qly ij 'kks/k dk;Z vkSj fdlkuksa dh lQy dgkfu;ka vki Hkst ldrs gSaA blds vfrfjä vki i'kqikyu] [ksrh&ckM+h] [kk| rduhdksa vkSj Ñf"k ls lacfU/kr vU; fo"k;ksa ij Hkh vki viuk ys[k Hkst ldrs gaSA uksV& ys[k dh 'kCn lhek 1000 ls 1500 gksuh pkfg,A ys[k vçdkf'kr gksuk pkfg,A ys[k lelkef;d gksuk pkfg,A Ñik djds ys[k ds lkFk ys[kd dk uke] QksVks vkSj ckdh tkudkjh hindi@krishijagran.com ij esy dj nsa ;k fQj-+91&9313301029] +91&9891443388 ij d‚y ;k OgkV~l,Ii dj nsaA

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fnlEcj] 2019 22


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daiuh lekpkj

Ñ

xq:xzke esa gqvk varjkZ”Vªh; Qly foKku lEesyu vkSj izn’kZuh dk vk;kstu

f"k eqíksa ij vk/kkfjr Hkkjr dk 14oka varjkZ"Vªh; Qly foKku lEesyu vkSj çn'kZuh dk vk;kstu 14&15 uoacj dks xq:xzke esa fd;k x;kA Hkkjr ds bl lcls cM+s ,oa vge çn'kZuh dk vk;kstu isfLVlkbM~l eSU;qQSDpfjax ,aM Q‚ewZysVlZ ,lksfl,'ku v‚Q bafM;k }kjk fd;k x;kA ;s bosaV fMLVªhC;wVlZ] lIyk;lZ] ,DliksVZlZ] bEiksVZlZ vkfn ds fy, ,d cM+s IysVQ‚eZ dh rjg jgkA bosaV esa fdlkuksa ds lkFk&lkFk MhylZ] ,xzksu‚feLV~l] lkbafVLV~l vkSj VªsMlZ us Hkh c<+&p<+dj Hkkx fy;kA bl ckjs esa isfLVlkbM~l eSU;qQSDpfjax ,aM Q‚ewZysVlZ ,lksfl,'ku v‚Q bafM;k ds çsflMsaV çnhi nos us dgk fd] Þfulansg ;s bosaV —f"k txr ls tqM+s lHkh yksxksa ds fy, Qk;nsean lkfcr gksxk vkSj ns'k ds fodkl esa Hkkxhnkj gksxk-ß ogha lqfeVkseks bafM;k fyfefVM ds okbZl çsftMsaV ¼ekdsZfVax½ vfuy dDdj us crk;k fd] ÞDykbesV psat dks ns[krs gq, vkt —f"k ,d pqukSrhiw.kZ dke gS] ysfdu Hkkjr ljdkj fdlkuksa dh vk; Mcy djus ds fy, opuc) gS vkSj ge yxkrkj bl fn'kk esa dke dj jgs gSaA mUgksaus vkxs dgk fd] Þ2020 rd thjks ctV QkfeaZx vkfn rjhdksa ls ge fdlkuksa dh vk; Mcy dj ldsaxsAß bulsfDVlkbM~l bafM;k fyfeVsM ds ,eMh jkts'k vxzoky us dgk fd] Þfdlkuksa dks ubZ rduhdksa ,oa lalk/kuksa dks viukus dh t:jr gS ftlls oks csgrj dekbZ ds lkFk mUur [ksrh dj ldsaxsaA mUgksaus dgk fd] Þfdlkuksa dks —f"k ,oa muls tqM+s mRiknksa ds ç;ksx dh f'k{kk feyuh pkfg,Aß —f"k txr esa mYys[kuh; ;ksxnku nsus okys vyx&vyx daifu;ksa ,oa yksxksa dks ;gka vkbZlh,llhbZ dh rjQ ls lEekfur Hkh fd;k x;kftueas ls dqN vokMZ fo'ks"kdj vkd"kZ.k ds dsaæ cus jgsbosaV esa ;wih,y ds ps;jeSu jtuhdkar J‚Q dks Qlyksa dh lqj{kk ds {ks= esa mYys[kuh; dke djus ds fy, ^ykbQVkbe vphoesaV vokMZ* ls uoktk x;kA crk nsa fd jtuhdkar J‚Q dks ns'k&fons'k esa ^Ø‚i çksVsD'ku fdax v‚Q bafM;k* ds uke ls Hkh tkuk tkrk gSA blds vykok vkbZlh,llhbZ us ubZ daifu;ksa dks Hkh çksRlkfgr fd;k- ,xzks lkbal vkSj dsfedYl lsDVj esa csLV beftaZx daiuh ds fy, Þfoey Ø‚i ds;j çkbosV fyfeVsM* dks lEekfur fd;k x;kA ogha ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 24

iq:Ldkj ikus esa lQy jghA yktZ Ldsy ij ;s iq:Ldkj gsjack baMLVªht fyfeVsM ds M‚- vkj ds 'ksêh ysus esa lQy jgsA blh rjg QkewZys'ku buksos'ku vokMZ~l foyksoqM Ø‚i lkbal çkbosV fyfeVsM ds ftrsUæ eksgu dks feykA tcfd Ø‚i lkbal esa u;s [kkst ds fy, ;wih,y fyfeVsM ds jTtq ch J‚Q dks lEekfur fd;k x;kA ogha daiuh v‚Q n bZ;j vokMZ Le‚y Ldsy ds fy, la/;k v‚xsZfuDl çkbosV fyfeVsM ls lfer iVsy dks iqjL—r fd;k x;kA e/;e Ldsy ij daiuh v‚Q n bZ;j vokMZ ,xzks ykbQ Ø‚i lkbalst ls jf{kr dks feyk- tcfd yktZ Ldsy ij bulsfDVlkbM~l bafM;k fyfeVsM ls M‚- jkts'k vxzoky dks daiuh v‚Q n bZ;j vokMZ feykA bosaV esa n ,DliksVZ ,Dlhysal vokMZ Hkh fn;k x;kA bl vokMZ dks Le‚y Ldsy ij thou dsfedYl dh rjQ ls 'kksfHkr 'kkg ysus esa lQy jgsA ogha e/;e Ldsy ij ;s vokMZ ,xzks ykbQ Ø‚i lkbalst ds jf{kr dks feykA yktZ Ldsy ij es?keuh v‚xZfuDl fyfeVsM ;s vokMZ ysus esa lQy jghA blh rjg lkekftd mÙkjnkf;Roksa dk fuoZgu djus ds fy, ;wih,y fyfeVsM dks lEekfur fd;k x;kA mR—"V ifjpkjd vokMZ nsdj Hkkjr bUlsfDVlkbM~l fyfeVsM ds vkj-ih xqIrk dks lEekfur fd;k x;kA


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daiuh lekpkj

fdlkuksa dh eqf’dyksa dks cuk, vklku tslhch,y ds mRikn % _f”k vxzoky fofHku~ ns'kksa esa fu;kZr Hkh dj jgs gSaA ;g cgqr [kq'kh dh ckr gS fd Hkkjr vkt nqfu;k esa pkoy dk lcls cM+k fu;kZrd gSA ge lc tkurs gSa fd Qlyksa dh xq.koÙkk chtksa] cqokbZ dh rduhd] ekSle] e'khukas dh mRikndrk vkSj çR;sd fdlku dh vVwV esgur ij vkfJr jgrh gSA blh lksp ds lkFk ge ,sls —f"k midj.kksa dk mRikn dj jgs gSa] tks gekjs fdlkuksa dh eqf'dyksa dks vklku cuk,a rFkk cqokbZ ls ysdj dVkbZ ,oa Qly vo'ks"k çca/ku rd mudk gj jkg esa lkFk fuHkk,aA eSa ekurk gw¡ fd ftldk eq[; mís'; gS rHkh laHko gS tc ns'k esa gj fdlku l'kä gks vkSj ,d nwljs dh vkxs c<+us esa lgk;rk djsaA

Ñ

f"k {ks= Hkkjr ds lcls egRoiw.kZ {ks=ksa esa ls ,d gSA ;s gekjs fy, cgqr xoZ dh ckr gS fd JCBL lky 2018 esa bl {ks= dk ,d Hkkx cukA dqN n'kdksa igys eq>s vkt Hkh ;kn gSA ge eq[; :i ls vukt] —f"k mRikn] çkS|ksfxdh ds fy, vU; ns'kksa ij fuHkZj jgk djrs FksA ysfdu vkt Hkkjr rsth ls çxfr dh vksj c<+ jgk gSA gekjs fdlku vkt ,d l'kä ,oa nwjn'khZ lksp j[krs gq,] cgqr lh Qlysa uk dsoy mxk jgs gSa cfYd

,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 26

ds fy, ,d cgqr cM+h vksj xaHkhj leL;k cu pqdh gS] ftl dk ge lc dks feydj lkeuk djuk pkfg,A esjk lcls vuqjks/k gS fd ge Qlyksa ds vo'ks"kksa dks uk tyk,a rFkk vkt dh vk/kqfud e'khuks dk mi;ksx djsa tks bu vo'ks"kksa dks feêh esa gh feyk dj tehu dks Hkh mitkÅ cuk,A bruk gh ugha ge Qly vo'ks"k ls Hkh dekbZ dj ldrs gSa D;ksafd iatkc ljdkj bls uk tykus ds fy, 2500 #i;s çfr ,dM+ dh izksRlkgu jkf”k nj ls ns jgh gSA eq>s vk'kk gS dh Hkfo"; esa ljdkj vkSj Hkh Bksl lek/kku fudkysxhA


56

12500

ns”kHkj esa 11 {ks=h; dk;kZy;ksa] 8 QkeZ] 48 iz{ks= rFkk 53 foi.ku dsUnz ds fofHkUu ftyk {ks=ksa esa dk;kZy;ksa@mi bdkb;ksa ds varxZr yxHkx 3200 Mhyj@forjd gSaA

R


[kjirokj izcU/ku

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xsgw¡ dh vf/kd QlyksRiknu gsrq flapkbZ vkSj [kjirokj izcU/ku ,oa mudk egRo 2

lg&çk/;kid] lL; foKku foHkkx] paæ'ks[kj vkt+kn —f"k ,oa çk|kSfxd foå foå] dkuiqj

[kjirokj fu;a=.k Bhd ls u gksus dh n'kk esa xsgw¡ dks nh xbZ iks"kd rRoksa dh [kqjkd [kjirokj ys ysrs gSaA lkFk gh lkFk ueh] çdk'k ,oa LFkku vkfn ds fy;s çfrLi/kkZ djds Qly dh c<+okj] mit ,oa xq.koÙkk esa Hkkjh deh dj nsrs gaSA [kjirokjksa }kjk Hkwfe ls iks"kd rRoksa ,oa ueh] dk iyk;u bldh la[;k] tkfr ,oa vU; 'kL; fØ;kvksa ij fuHkZj djrk gSA oSKkfud vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj xsgw¡ dh Qly esa [kjirokj çfr gSDVs;j yxHkx 20 ls 90 fdyksxzke ukbVªkstu] 2 ls 13 fd-xzk- QkWLQksjl ,oa 28 ls 54 fd-xzkiksVk'k dks ys ysrs gSaA vr% [kjirokj çfrLi/kkZ dh ØkfUrd vof/k tks fd cqokbZ ds ckn 30 fnu ls ysdj ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 28


hindi.krishijagran.com

45 fnu rd jgrk gS] [kjirokj fu;= a .k u djus ls xgs¡w dh mit eas yxHkx 25 ls 40 çfr'kr rd dh deh vk tkrh gAS xsgw¡ dh Qly esa pkSMh ,oa ladjh iÙkh okys [kjirokjksa dh leL;k ikbZ tkrh gSA xsgw¡ dk ekek ¼Qsysfjl ekbuj½] taxyh tbZ ¼,osuk ywMksfofl;kuk½A cFkqvk] fgju[kqjh] vdjh] oueVjh] ihyh ,oa lQsn lSath] —".kuhy] fpdksjh] cuI;kth] rkjkrst vkfnA fdlku [kjirokjksa ls gksus okyh gkfu;ksa ls vufHkK jgrs gSa vkSj budh jksdFkke dh vksj fo'ks"k /;ku ugha nsrs gSa cfYd dqN [kjirokjksa dks dkVdj nq/kk: i'kqvksa ds fy, gjs pkjs ds :i esa ç;ksx djrs gaSA fu;a=.k ds vHkko esa [kjirokj Qlyksa ij çkjfEHkd voLFkk esa çfrdwy çHkko Mkydj mudh c<+okj dks çHkkfor dj nsrs gSaA vr% xsgw¡ Qly esa [kjirokj çfrLi/kkZ ds ØkfUrd le; tksfd cqokbZ ds 30 fnu ckn ls ysdj 45 fnu rd gS] [kjirokjksa ls eqä j[kuk pkfg,A blls Qly dh

[kjirokj izcU/ku mRiknu {kerk ij iM+us okys çfrdwy çHkko u ds cjkcj jg tkrs gaSA fu"ks/k ds fy, tks Hkh fØ;k, tSls çekf.kr chtksa dk ç;ksx] [kjirokj jfgr flapkbZ ukfy;ksa dk ç;ksx] vPNh lM+h xkscj ,oa dEiksLV dh [kkn dk ç;ksx] [ksr dh rS;kjh o cqvkbZ esa ç;qä ;a=ksa ds ç;ksx ls igys vPNh rjg ls lQkbZ vkfn dks viukus ls [kjirokjksa dh leL;k esa dkQh deh vkrh gSA okys [kjirokjksa tSls& cFkqvk] vdjh] oueVjh] —".kuhy] lSth] taxyh xktj bR;kfn dh leL;k gksus ij gkFk ls fujkbZ djds [kjirokjksa dks fudkyk tk ldrk gSA vr% xsgwa dh Qly dh ØkafUrd voLFkk esa [kjirokj eqä j[kus ds fy;s lkekU;r% ,d fujkbZ&xqMkbZ cqokbZ ds 20&25 fnu ds vUnj djuk pkfg,A ckn esa Qly dh c<+okj u;s mxs [kjirokjksa dks vklkuh ls <+d ysrh gSA x;k gS fd xsgw¡ dk ekek uked [kjirokj dk çdksi ,sls {ks=ksa esa vf/kd gksrk gS] tgk¡ ij /kku&xsgw¡ Qly&pØ dbZ o"kksaZ ls viuk;k tk jgk gSA Hkwfe ,oa ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vuqdwy bl

,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 29


hindi.krishijagran.com

[kjirokj izcU/ku

Qly&pØ dks fdlh nwljs Qly&pØ tSls /kku&ljlksa] /kku&elwj] /kku&puk ;k eDdk&xsgw¡ vkfn ls cnydj dqN gn rd blds çdksi ls cpk tk ldrk gSA ladjh iÙkh okys [kjirokjksa dks igpku dj gkFk ls fujkbZ dj fu;af=r djuk dkQh eqf'dy gSA blfy, [kjirokjuk'kh dk ç;ksx djuk mi;qä jgrk gSA fdUrq 'kkduk'kh jlk;uksa ds ç;ksx ls bUgas tYnh ekjk tk ldrk gS vkSj blls çfr gSDVs;j ykxr Hkh de vkrh gS rFkk le; dh Hkkjh cpr gksrh gSA xsgw¡ dh Qly esa [kjirokjuk'kh jlk;uksa ds ç;ksx dk foLr`r C;kSjk fuEukafdr gSA

isUMhesFkyhu ¼30 çfr'kr++ bZålhå½

1000

3000

cqokbZ ds ckn rFkk vadqj.k ls igys

?kkl dqy [kjirokj rFkk pkSM+h iÙkh ds [kjirokj ds fu;a=.k

QsukDlkçksi ¼10 çfr'kr++ bZålhå½ lYQkslYQ;wjku ¼75 çfr'kr++ MCY;wåihå½

100&120

1000&1200

cqokbZ ds 4&6 lIrkg ds vUnj

?kkl dqy [kjirokj ds fu;a=.k gsrq

25

33

cqokbZ ds 25&30 fnu ds vUnj

,do"khZ; ?kkl dqy [kjirokj rFkk dN pkSM+h iÙkh okys [kjirokj ds fy,

2]4&Mh ¼80 çfr'kr++ MCY;wåihå½

400&600

500&700

cqokbZ ds 25&30 fnu ds vUnj

pkSM+h iÙkh okys [kjirokj ds fu;a=.k gsrq

esVlY¶;wjku ¼20 çfr'kr++ MCY;wåihå½

100&120

1000&1200

cqokbZ ds 25&30 fnu ds vUnj

,do"khZ; pkSM+h iÙkh okys [kjirokj ds fu;a=.k gsrq

cqokbZ ds 25&30 fnu ds vUnj

pkSM+h iÙkh rFkk ladjh iÙkh okys [kjirokj ds fu;a=.k gsrq

lYQkslY¶;wjku 75 çfr'kr++ $ esVlY¶;w jku 5 çfr'kr MCy;wå ihå ¼VksVy ;k czsdsV½

32

40

esVªhC;wftu 70 çfr'kr MCY;wå ihå

175&210

250&300

,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 30

cqokbZ ds 30&35 fnu ds vUnj

?kkl dqy ds [kjirokj rFkk pkSM+h iÙkh okys [kjirokj ds fu;a=.k gsrq


nksxquk Ã&#x2018;f"k vk; dk ladYi


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[kjirokj izcU/ku ijUrq çR;sd flapkbZ dqN xgjh ¼8 lseh½ djsaA

gekjs ns'k esa xsgw¡ ds de iSnkokj ds vusd dkj.k gS] ftueas ls eq[; dkj.k flapkbZ dk u gksuk ;k xyr le; ij xyr <ax ls flapkbZ djuk gSA Hkkjr esa yxHkx 60 çfr'kr {ks=Qy esa flafpr xsgw¡ dh [ksrh dh tkrh gS tks Hkkjr ds leLr flafpr {ks=Qy dk 24 çfr'kr gSA vf/kd mit ysus ds fy, vkSj fo'ks"k :i ls ckSuh fdLeksa ds fy, flapkbZ dk fo'ks"k egRo gS D;ksafd fd ckSuh fdLesa T;knk [kkn vkSj ikuh nsus ij Hkh iqjkuh yach fdLeksa dh Hkkafr fxjrh ugha gSaA lkekU;r% xsgw¡ dh ckSuh çtkfr;ksa ls vf/kdre mit çkIr djus ds fy, gYdh Hkwfe esa flapkbZ;ksa dks fuEu voLFkkvksa esa djuh pkfg,A ewy voLFkk½ fudyrs le;½ lfU/k vFkok xkBas curs le;½ ¼iq"ikoLFkk½ ¼nqX/kkoLFkk½ Hkjrs le;½ nkseV ;k Hkkjh nkseV Hkwfe esa fuEu pkj flapkb;k¡ djds Hkh vPNh mit çkIr dh tk ldrh gS

,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 32

xsgw¡ ,d gh flapkbZ miyC/k gks rks rktewy voLFkk ij djsaA ;fn nks flapkbZ;k¡ gh miyC/k gksa rks rktewy rFkk iq"ikoLFkk ij djsaA ;fn rhu flapkbZ;ksa dh lqfo/kk gh miyC/k gks rks rktewy voLFkk] ckyh fudyus ls iwoZ rFkk nqX/kkoLFkk ij djsaA fiNsrh xsgw¡ esa lkekU; dh vis{kk tYnh&tYnh flapkbZ;ksa dh vko';drk gksrh gS igyh flapkbZ teko ds 15&20 fnu ckn ;k rktewy voLFkk djsaA ckn dh flapkbZ 15&20 fnu ds vUrjky ij djsaA ckyh fudyus ls nqX/kkoLFkk rd Qly dks ty i;kZIr ek=k esa miyC/k jgsA


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i’kq jksx fu;a=.k

izlo ls igys HkSalksa esa ihNk@Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k] cpko o ns[kHkky vejthr fclyk1*] fou; ;kno2] veunhi flag3] uhjt JhokLro1 vkSj jfo nÙk2 1i'kq çtuu foHkktu] Hkkjrh; i'kq fpfdRlk vuqlU/kku laLFkku] bTtruxj&243122 ¼m- ç-½ 2eknk i'kq ,oe çlwfr jksx foHkkx] ykyk yktirjk; i'kqfpfdRlk ,oa i'kqfoKku fo'ofo|ky;] fglkj&125004 ¼gfj;k.kk½ 3foLrkj f'k{kk foHkktu] Hkkjrh; i'kq fpfdRlk vuqlU/kku laLFkku] bTtruxj&243122 ¼m- ç-½ *Corresponding author email: amarjeetbislav@gmail-com

Hkk

jr esa HkSalksa dh dqy vkcknh 10-87 djksM+ gSA tksfd dqy i'kq/ku dk 21-23 çfr'kr gSA nqfu;k dh vk/ks ls vf/kd HkSalksa dh vkcknh Hkkjr esa gh ikbZ tkrh gSA HkSal Hkkjr esa dqy nw/k mRiknu esa vk/kk ls T;knk ;ksxnku nsrha gSa vkSj bl çdkj ls Hkkjrh; —f"k ,o i'kqikyu vFkZO;oLFkk <kaps dk çeq[k fgLlk gSaA Hkkjr esa dqy HkSalksa dh vkcknh esa ls T;knkrj NksVs vkSj lhekar fdlkuksa }kjk gh ikyh tkrh gS vkSj mudks eq[;r ckM+s esa gh j[kk tkrk gSA HkSlsa xk;ksa ls çtuu ds dbZ egRoiw.kZ rF;ksa esa vyx gksrh gSa tks mudks çtuu laca/kh dbZ fcekfj;ksa ds çfr vfrlaosnu'khy cukrh gS vkSj mudh çtuu {kerk dks derj djrh gSaA fdlkuksa dks Hkkjh vkfFkZd uqdlku igaqpkus okyh fcekfj;ksa esa ls ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj 2019 34

,d çlo ls igys xHkZorh HkSalksa dh Qwy@ihNk fn[kkus dh leL;k gS ftles xkfHku i'kq tksj yxkrk gS vkSj mldh ;ksfu ,o xHkkZ'k; xzhok dk fiNyk fgLlk 'kjhj ls ckgj vk tkrk gSA Qwy fn[kkus dh ;g leL;k igyh ckj cPpk nsus okys i'kqvksa dh rqyuk esa ,d ls vf/kd ckj cPps ns pqds i'kqvksa esa vf/kd ikbZ tkrh gSA ;g eq[; :i ls xHkkZoLFkk ds vkf[kjh 2&3 eghus esa gh gksrh gS] ysfdu 5&6 eghus dh xHkZorh HkSalksa esa Hkh ;g chekjh ns[kh x;h gSA xHkkZoLFkk ds nkSjku Qwy fn[kkus ls vU; fcekfj;ka tSlsfd] çlo ds ckn cPpsnkuh dk laØe.k] tsj dk #d tkuk] çlo ds ckn Qwy fn[kkuk] de nw/k mRiknu bR;kfn gksus dk [krjk c<+ tkrk gSA blfy, xHkkZoLFkk ds nkSjku HkSalksa dh iks"k.k vkSj çca/ku


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laca/kh ns[kHkky vR;ar t:jh gS ftlls i'kq dk bl jksx ls cpko fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj çtuu laca/kh vU; fcekfj;ksa dks Hkh jksdk tk ldrk gSA HkSalksa esa Qwy fn[kkus dk lgh dkj.k vHkh rd irk ugh py ik;k gS ysfdu dbZ dkjd bl chekjh ls tqM+s gksrs gSa tks i'kqvksa dks blds çfr laosnu'khy cukrs gSaA Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k ds fy, mÙkjnk;h dqN dkjd fuEufyf[kr gSa: xHkkZoLFkk ds 6-5 eghuksa ds ckn HkSalksa esa Qwy fn[kkus dh laHkkouk vf/kd gksrh gSA xHkkZoLFkk ds vafre le; esa ,LVªkstsu ds mPp Lrj dks HkSalksa esa Qwy fn[kkus dk ,d dkj.k ekuk tkrk gSA ,LVªkstsu dk ;g c<+k Lrj iqVªBs vkSj ;ksfu}kj ds <hyk gksus ds fy, ftEesnkj gksrk gS ftlls ;ksfu vkSj xHkkZ'k; xzhok dk fiNyk fgLlk 'kjhj ls ckgj vk tkrk gSA i'kqvksa dks f[kyk, tkus okys dqN gjs&pkjs tSlsfd cjlhe] lM+s gq, tkS vkSj eDdk bR;kfn esa Hkh ,LVªkstsu dk vf/kd Lrj ik;k tkrk gS rFkk xHkkZoLFkk ds vafre fnuksa esa buds vf/kd f[kykus ls i'kqvksa esa Qwy fn[kkus dk Mj cuk jgrk gSA i'kqvksa ds vkgkj esa dSfY'k;e dk fuEu Lrj Hkh Qwy fn[kkus ds leL;k ls tqM+k gqvk gS D;ksafd dSfY'k;e dk fuEu Lrj xHkZorh i'kqvksa esa çtuu vaxksa ds <hyk gksus ds fy, ftEesnkj gksrk gSA tc xkfHku i'kq xkscj ;k is'kkc djus ds fy, tksj yxkrk gS rks mlds lkFk gh ;ksfu vkSj xHkkZ'k; xzhok dk fiNyk fgLlk 'kjhj ls ckgj vk tkrk gSA vfxze xHkkZoLFkk esa Hkzw.k ds cM+k gksus dh otg ls isV ds vanj nckc c<+ tkrk gS vkSj bl c<+s gq, nckc ds dkj.k <hys tqM+s çtuu vaxksa tSls fd ;ksfu vkSj xHkkZ'k; xzhok ds fiNys fgLls dk ckgj fudyus dk [krjk c<+ tkrk gSA HkSalksa dh dks[k esa Hkh olk@pchZ ds vR;f/kd tek gksus dh otg ls ;ksfu ds vkl&ikl nckc c<+ tkrk gS ftlls Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k T;knk gksrh gSA ;g Hkh ik;k x;k gS fd rkack] yksgk] lsysfu;e] tLrk tSls dqN lw{e iks"kd rRoksa dh deh Hkh HkSalksa esa Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k ls tqM+h gqbZ gSA çlo ls igys Qwy fn[kkus dh chekjh dks HkSalksa esa oa'kkuqxr ço`fr ls Hkh ns[kk x;k gS ftleas ik;k x;k gS fd ftu HkSalksa dks Qwy fn[kkus dh chekjh gksrh gS rks ;g leL;k mudh vxyh ih<+h ds dqN i'kqvksa esa Hkh ikbZ tkrh gSA

i’kq jksx fu;a=.k çcaf/kr Msjh QkeksaZ dh rqyuk esa ckM+s esa j[ks tkus okys i'kqvksa esa ;g leL;k vf/kd ikbZ tkrh gSA bldk lgh dkj.k vHkh rd Kkr ugha gS] ysfdu Msjh esa j[ks tkus okys i'kqvksa dh rqyuk esa bu i'kqvksa dk iks"k.k Lrj de gksrk gSA ckM+s esa ca/ks i'kqvksa esa O;k;ke dh deh Hkh bldk ,d dkj.k ekuk tkrk gSA i'kqvksa ds Hkkstu esa lw[ks pkjs tSls xsgwa dk Hkwlk] dh vf/kd ek=k Hkh Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k ds fy, ftEesnkj dkjd gS D;ksafd blls i'kq xkscj djrs oä vf/kd tksj yxkrk gS ftlls ;ksfu vkSj xHkkZ'k; xzhok ds fiNys fgLls dk ckgj fudyus dk [krjk c<+ tkrk gSA Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k dks çtuu vaxksa ds 'kjhj ls ckgj fudyus ,oe chekjh dh xaHkhjrk ds fglkc ls eq[; :i ls rhu rjhdksa ls ns[kk tkrk gS&

,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 35


i’kq jksx fu;a=.k

;k ysVk gqvk gksrk gS rks ;ksfu 'ys"e ;ksfu ds ckgj fudyrk gS] ysfdu tc i'kq [kM+k gksrk gS rks vanj pyk tkrk gSA 'kjhj ls ckgj fudyk gqvk çtuu vax ckgj gh jgrk gS ftleas ;ksfu 'ys"e gh eq[; Hkkx gksrk gSA xHkkZ'k; xzhok Hkh 'kjhj ds ckgj vk tkrh gS vkSj i'kq vR;f/kd tksj yxkrk gSA bl rjg ls Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k tks eq[;r% xHkkZoLFkk ds vafre fnuksa ls tqM+h gksrh gS fuEu Lrj ls ysdj tkuysok Hkh gks ldrh gSA blls tqM+s eq[; y{k.k gSa& Ÿ i'kq ds }kjk xkscj o is'kkc djrs oä tksj yxkukA Ÿ ;ksfu ds ckgj çtuu vaxksa dk yVdk jgukA Ÿ ckgj fudys gq, ekal dh lwtuA Ÿ xkfHku i'kqvksa esa is'kkc dh :dkoV eq[;r% bl jksx ls tqM+h gksrh gSA vr% i'kq ds ckgj fudys gq, vaxksa dks tc 'kjhj ds vanj fdvk tkrk gS rks mlds ckn i'kq vf/kd ek=k esa is'kkc djrk gSA Ÿ i'kq lLqr gks tkrs gaS vkjS [kkuk&ihuk NkM s + nrss gAaS Ÿ xHkk'Zk; xhzok dh lhy VV w us ls xHkiZkr gks ldrk gAS Ÿ le; ij bykt uk djus ls vaxksa esa laØe.k gksdj ;g i'kq ds [kwu esa Hkh QSy ldrk gS ftlls i'kq dh ekSr Hkh gks ldrh gSA ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 36

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Hkl aS kas eas çlo ls igys Qy w fn[kkus dh chekjh ds dbZ ifj.kke gks ldrs gaS ftues ls e[q; fuEufyf[kr g& aS Ÿ i'kq ds 'kjhj ls ckgj fudys gq, vaxksa ij efD[k;ksa ds cSBus ls mles lØ a e.k gkuss dh lHakkouk c<+ tkrh gS ftlls i'kq dks nnZ gkrsk gS vkjS og tkjs yxkrk gAS vf/kd tkjs yxkus ls chekjh vkjS c<r+h gAS Ÿ 'kkjhfjd vx a kas tl S fsd ;kfsu vkjS xHkk'Zk; xhzok ds ckgj jgus ls mudh lt w u gks tkrh gS ftlls mudks nkcskjk 'kjhj ds vnaj j[kuk efq'dy gks tkrk gAS Ÿ Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k ,d ckj 'kq: gksus ds ckn ;g ckj&ckj gksrh gSA Ÿ çlo ls igys ckj&ckj Qwy fn[kkus ls i'kq dk xHkZikr Hkh gks ldrk gSA Ÿ i'kq ekfyd dh vuqifLFkr esa vxj i'kq Qwy fn[kkrk gS rks vkokjk dqÙks ;k i{kh mls uksap ldrs gaS vkSj lgha le; ij ugh l¡Hkkyus ls i'kq dh e`R;q Hkh gks ldrh gSA Ÿ tuukaxks ds laØe.k ds dkj.k dqN i'kqvksa esa tsj dk #duk] ;ksfu ;k xHkkZ'k; xzhok dh lwtu] cPpsnkuh dk laØe.k ;k cka>iu bR;kfn jksx gksus dk [krjk c<+ tkrk gSA Ÿ çlo ls igys Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k çlo ds ckn Hkh gks ldrh gS D;ksafd tuukaxks ds yxkrkj 'kjhj ls ckgj jgus mudh lwtu gks tkrh gS vkSj laØe.k dh otg ls i'kq tksj yxkrk jgrk gS vkSj çlo ds ckn Hkh Qwy fn[krk gSA


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i’kq jksx fu;a=.k Ÿ Qwy fn[kkus dh otg ls i'kq [kkuk&ihuk NksM+ nsrk

gS vkSj mldks nwljh ?kkrd tkuysok fcekfj;k¡ gksus dk Hk; jgrk gSA Ÿ çlo ls igys Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k çlo ds ckn Hkh i'kq ij viuk vlj NksMrh gS vkSj i'kq viuh uLy o ;ksX;rk ds eqrkfcd nw/k ugh nsrk gS ftlls fdlku dks vkfFkZd uqdlku mBkuk iM+rk gSA Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k ls tw> jgs i'kqvksa ds bykt ,oe çca/ku dk eq[; y{; bl chekjh ds iqu% gksus ls jksduk vkSj 'kjhj ls ckgj vk, tuukaxks dks uqdlku igq¡pkus ls jksduk gksrk gSA 'kjhj ls ckgj vk, tuukaxks dks okil vanj djus ds fy, rhu phtksa dks /;ku esa j[kk tkuk pkfg, tks fuEufyf[kr gSa % i- 'kjhj ls ckgj fudys tuukaxks ds vkdkj esa deh: ,fMek dh otg ls lwtu ds dkj.k 'kjhj ls ckgj fudys tuukaxks esa lwtu vk tkrh gS vkSj mudk lwth gqbZ voLFkk esa 'kjhj ds vanj nksckjk j[kuk eqf'dy gksrk gSA lwts gq, tuukaxks ds vkdj esa deh ds fy, cQZ] BaMs ikuh] fQVdjh dk bLrseky djuk pkfg,A cQZ dks ,d rkSfy;s esa yisVdj tuukaxks ds pkjks vksj yxk;k tkrk gS rkfd muds vkdkj dks de fd;k tk lds ,oe mudks vklkuh ls 'kjhj ds vanj nksckjk j[kk tk ldsA vkdkj esa deh ykus ds fy, phuh dk bLrseky djus ls ijgst djuk pkfg, D;ksafd phuh efD[k;ksa dks vkeaf=r djrh vkSj blls laØe.k gksus ds vf/kd vklkj gksrs gSaA ii- tuukaxks dk 'kjhj ds vanj çfrLFkkiu% 'kjhj ls ckgj fudys gq, vaxksa dks laØe.k ls cpkus vkSj nksckjk 'kjhj ds vanj çfrLFkkfir djus ls igys vPNh rjg lkQ djuk pkfg,A lkQ djus ds fy, rkts ikuh dk ç;ksx djuk pkfg, ,oe mles 1%1000 dh ek=k esa yky nokbZ feykuh pkfg,A vPNh rjg lkQ djus ds ckn 'kkjhfjd vaxksa ij ,aVhlsfIVd eyge yxkuh pkfg, vkSj mlds ckn mldks 'kjhj ds vanj djuk pkfg,A ckgj fudys vaxks dks 'kjhj ds vanj /kdsyrs oä ;g /;ku esa j[kk tkuk pkfg, fd gkFk lkQ&lqFkjs gksa vkSj uk[kwu dks 'kjhj ls ugha Nwuk pkfg, vU;Fkk blls xzLr gksus ls vaxksa ij pksVsa gksus dk Hk; jgrk gS tks laØe.k dk dkj.k gks ldrk gSA 'kkjhfjd vaxksa ij ncko igys gFksyh ds lkFk ykxw fd;k tkuk pkfg, vkSj ;ksfu}kj ds utnhd ds vax dks igys gkFk dh eqëh ds lkFk vanj fd;k tkuk pkfg,A tuukaxks dks 'kjhj ds vanj djrs oä maxfy;ksa dk mi;ksx ugha djuk pkfg,A

iii- 'kjhj esa tuukaxks dk çfr/kkj.k vkSj iqu% Qwy fn[kkus dks jksduk% 'kjhj ds Hkhrj tuukaxks dks muds fu;fer txg ij çfr/kkfjr djus vkSj Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k dks nksckjk gksus ls jksdus ds fy, fofHkUu :f<+oknh vkSj 'kY; fpfdRlk i)fr;ksa dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gS ftueas ls dqN fuEufyf[kr gSa % & 'kjhj esa vaxksa dks cuk, j[kus dh :f<+oknh i)fr esa i'kq ds ;ksfu}kj ij ^jLlh dk iqfyank@Nhadh* cka/k fn;k tkrk gS ftlls i'kq ds tksj yxkus ij Hkh tuukax 'kjhj ls ckgj ugha vkrs vkSj dqN fnu ds ckn bldks gVk fn;k tkrk gSA dqN i'kqvksa esa vf/kd fnDdr gksus ls bls çlo&dky rd yxkdj j[kk tkrk gSA “kkjhfjd vaxksa ds 'kjhj esa iqulZ~Fkkiuk ds ckn i'kqvksa dks lgk;d fpfdRlk Hkh nh tkuh pkfg, rkfd bls nksckjk gksus ls jksdk tk lds vkSj i'kq dks laØe.k uk gksA

cksjksXyqdksusV ds 450 feyhyhVj Vhds dks /khjs&/khjs vUr% f'kjk ls lapkfyr fd;k tkuk pkfg,A & laØe.k dh ?kVuk dks jksdus ds fy, yacs le; rd dke djus okyh ,aVhck;ksfVd nokb;ka tSls ,ujks¶y‚Dlkflu] v‚DlhVsVªklk;Dyhu bR;kfn nh tkuh pkfg,A & nnZ vkSj lwtu dks de djus ds fy, i'kq dks lwtu de djus okyh vkSj ,ukYtsfld ¼nnZ de djus okyh½ nokbZ nh tkuh pkfg,A & lgk;d fpfdRlk tSls ,aVhfgLVkekbu] foVkfeu ch d‚EIysDl vkSj vU; ruko de djus okyh nokbZ nsuh pkfg,A ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 37


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& ikuh ds lkFk mfpr lQkbZ djus ds ckn 'kjhj ls ckgj vk, vaxksa ij vjaMh dk rsy tSls vk;qosZfnd nokvksa dk mi;ksx djuk pkfg,A ,fcfVy‚u bafMd‚e Hkkjrh; e‚yks] ds 100 xzke rkts iÙkksa dks vjaMh ds rsy esa gYdh vkap esa ryus ds ckn jkst i'kq dks f[kykus ls vPNs ifj.kke feyrs gaS vkSj i'kq LoLFk jgrk gSA 1- i'kq [kjhnus ls igys ;g /;ku esa j[kk tkuk pkfg, fd i'kq dks Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k rks ugha gSA 2- ;g /;ku esa j[kk tkuk pkfg, fd igys ls xzLr ,d eknk i'kq dh csfV;ksa dks ikyk ugha tkuk pkfg, D;ksafd Qwy fn[kus dh chekjh ç—fr esa oa'kkuqxr gSA 3- vko';drk ds vuqlkj vfxze xHkZorh i'kqvksa ds fy, iks"k.k dh xq.koÙkk mfpr gksuh pkfg, vkSj mUgsa lgh ek=k esa Hkkstu nsuk pkfg,A 4- i'kqvksa ds fy, vPNh xq.koÙkk dk [kfut feJ.k fu;fer vkgkj esa gksuk pkfg, tksfd jk'ku ds 2% ds fglkc ls i'kqvksa ds pkjs esa feykuk pkfg, D;ksafd dqN lw{e rRoksa dh deh dh otg ls Hkh Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k gksrh gSA 5- xHkkZoLFkk ds vafre fnuksa esa i'kq dks vfLFkjrk vkSj ruko ls ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 38

i’kq jksx fu;a=.k cpkus ds fy, i'kq dks vf/kd gjk&pkjk vkSj de lw[kk f[kykuk pkfg, rkfd i'kq xkscj djrs oä vf/kd tksj uk yxk,A 6- Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k dks nksckjk gksus ls jksdus ds fy, i'kq ds vkgkj dh xq.koÙkk c<+kdj mldh ek=k dks de dj nsuk pkfg,A 7- i'kq ds ihNs ds fgLls dh vksj Å¡pk j[kuk pkfg, rkfd mldk fiNyk fgLlk lkekU; ls vf/kd ÅapkbZ ij gks vkSj Qwy fn[kkus dh leL;k de gksA 8- 'kjhj ds vanj vaxksa dks çfrLFkkfir djus ls igys bls ikuh ;k ,aVhlsfIVd ds lkFk Bhd ls /kks;k tkuk pkfg,A 9- vfxze xHkZorh i'kqvksa ds pkjs esa Qwy fn[kkus ds fy, lafnX/k pkjs tSlsfd cjlhe] lM+s gq, tkS vkSj eDdk bR;kfn dks can dj nsuk pkfg,A 10- i'kqvksa ds ikl gj le; ihus ds fy, LoPN ikuh dh O;oLFkk gksuh pkfg,A 11- xfeZ;ksa ds nkSjku i'kqvksa dks BaMh txg ij j[kuk pkfg,A ckM+s ds vklikl o`{kkjksi.k] ikuh dk fNM+dko bR;kfn djus ls i'kqvksa dks LoLFk jgus esa enn feyrh gSA 12- xHkkZoLFkk ds vafre fnuksa esa i'kq dks ,d txg ij cka/kdj ugha j[kuk pkfg, cfYd mls fu;fer :i ls Vgykuk pkfg,A


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lksekuh ds cht yxkvks ekykeky gks tkvks!


vkyw ds fof’k”V jksx

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vkyw ds ckjs esa fof’k”V ckrsa vkSj jksx Mkd caxyk ds lkeus] ck¡lMhg] ftyk&cfy;k ¼m-iz-½ eks0& 09453577732 yw ,d lEiw.kZ vkgkj gSA fo'o ds lkFk&lkFk Hkkjr esa Hkh xsagw] pkoy vkSj eDdk ds ckn vkyw dks QQwan o ok;jl ls gksus okyh chekfj;kas ds mRiknu ds ekeys esa vkyw dk pkSFkk LFkku gSA oSls Hkh vfrfjDr cgqr ls dhV] lw= Ñfe ekgaw lQns eD[kh q lk vU; ihMd + ud q lku igp aq krs gAaS fo'o izeq[k [kk| Qlyksa esa vkyw dh viuh vyx vxrsh o fiNrsh >y igpku gSA fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa c<+rh gqbZ tula[;k o gekjs ns'k ds fofHkUu vapyksa dh tyok;q fHkUu&fHkUu gS vkSj gj vapy esa vkyw dh Qly lhfer Hkw&lalk/ku ds pyrs vkyw ds n{k HkksT; inkFkZ o lEiw.kZ vkgkj dh {kerk gSA dkcksZgkbMªsV] izksVhu] vyx&vyx ekSleksa esa yh tkrh gSA vr% ;gka fdlh [kfut o foVkfeu ls Hkjiwj vkyw ,d lEiw.kZ vkgkj gSA {ks= fo'ks"k vFkok Qly ds fy, mRiknu rduhdh dk v.Mk o nw/k ls izkIr izksVhu rFkk lfCt;ksa nkyksa o iw.kZ fooj.k nsuk laHko ugha gSA ijUrq vk'kk gS fd vuktksa dh rqyuk esa vkyw esa izksVhu dh ek=k dgha fdlku HkkbZ vius {ksf=; vuqHko ds vk/kkj ij bl tkudkjh dk ykHk mBk ldsaxsA vf/kd gksrh gSA fu%lUnsg ;fn bldk lsou rydj u QQawn }kjk gksus okys vxsrh fd, tk; rks blls eksVkik ugha gksrkA >qylk rFkk i.kZ /kCcs jksxksa dk vk;ru o mudh rhozrk nwljh [kkl ckr ;g gS fd Hkkjr esa ;g lky Hkj vkerkSj ij Qly esa ukbVªkstu] QkWLQksjl o iksVk”k miyC/k jgrk gS D;ksafd vyx&vyx ekSleksa esa bldh [kkn dh ek=kvksa ds vlarqyu ls izHkkfor gksrh gSA [ksrh lky Hkj dgha u dgha gksrh jgrh gSA o"kZ fo'ks"kdj ukbVªkstu dh deh ds dkj.k mit esas Hkh 1996&97 ds vkadM+s bl ckr ds |ksrd gaS fd fo'o esa fxjkoV vk tkrh gSA oSls rks vxsrh >qylk jksx dk vkyw mRiknu ds ekeys esa Hkkjr dk rhljk LFkku jgk izdksi lHkh vkyw mRiknu {ks=ksa esa gksrk gS fdUrq e/; gSA tgka 19-2 Vu izfr gSDV;j dh vkSlr mit ds Hkkjr rFkk egkjk"V]ª mÙkj izns'k o fcgkj esa ;g jksx fglkc ls vkyw dk dqy mRiknu 25 fefy;u Vu gqvkA vkerkSj ij vf/kd ik;k tkrk gSA

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vxsrh >qylk eq[; :i ls vkyw dh ifÙk;ksa vkSj dUnksa dks uqdlku igq¡pkrs gaSA 'kq: esa bl jksx ds y{k.k fupyh o iqjkuh ifÙk;ksa ij 1 ls 2 feyhehVj vkdkj ds v.Mkdkj NksVs Hkwjs /kCcksa ds :i esa fn[kkbZ nsrs gSaA ckn esa ;s /kCcs vkdkj esa cM+s gksdj dks.kh; :i /kkj.k dj ysrh gSA ifÙk;ksa ij ifjiDo voLFkk esa ;s /kCcs lw[kdj dkxth gks tkrs gSaA mlds ckn ;g vaxwBhuqek ;k caVs tSlh mHkjh vk[kksa ds leku fn[krs gaSA dUnksa ij budk y{k.k Hkwjs xksy ;k vfu;fer vdkj okys /kals gq, /kCcksa ds :i esa fn[kkbZ nsrs gaSA jksxh dUn dk xwnk lw[kk Hkwjk vkSj dkWdZ tSlk gks tkrk gSA Hk.Mkj.k ds nkSjku /kCcs cM+s gks tkrs gSaA o xzflr dUnkas ij vUrr% >qfj;ka iM+ tkrh gaSA Qly dks moZjdkas] fo'ks"kdj ukbVªkstu dh larqfyr ek=k nsaA vxsrh >qylk o vU; i.kZ /kCcksa ds feJ.k izdksi ls Qly dks cpkus ds fy, 45 fnuksa dh Qly ij 1-5 izfr'kr ;wfj;k dk fNM+dko djus ds ckn 8 ls 10 fnuksa ds vUrjky ij iqu% ,d fNM+dko ykHknk;d jgrk gSA vxsrh >qylk o vU; i.kZ /kCck jksxksa ds fu;a=.k ds fy;s QQawn uk'kd nokb;ksa dk iz;ksx ;wfj;k 1 Qhlnh o eSudkstsc 0-2 Qhlnh dks feykdj izfr gsDVs;j nj ls fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A igkM+h bykdksa esa fiNsrh >qylk jksx fu;a=.k ds fy, flQkfj'k fd, x, dkij QQwanuk'kd ds vykok cksMksZ feJ.k 1-0 izfr'kr rFkk dkij vkDlhDyksjkbM ¼0-3½ izfr'kr dk mipkj vxsrh >qylk o iw.kZ /kCcksa ds fy, Hkh izHkko'kkyh gksrk gSA

vkyw ds fof’k”V jksx ;g chekjh QQwan }kjk gksrh gS bl chekjh dk gksuk o QSyko iwjh rjg ekSle ij fuHkZj djrk gSA rkieku 10 ls 20 fMxzh lsfYl;l gks ueh 85 Qhlnh ls vf/kd gks ckny Nk, gksa] gYdh o :d&:d dj ckfj'k gks jgh gks vkSj lkFk gh dksgjk Nk;k jgs rks le>uk pkfg, fd chekjh dk geyk gksus okyk gSA ;g jksx ikS/ks ds iÙks M.By vkSj dUn lHkh dks yxrk gSA vkjfEHkd y{k.k ifÙk;ksa ij NksVs gYds ihys gjs vfu;fer /kCcksa ds :i esa fn[kkbZ nsrs gaSA tks 'kh?kz gh c<+dj cM+s xhys fn[kus okys /kCcs cukrs gaSA ckn esa ifÙk;ksa ds fupys Hkkx ij bu /kCcksa ds pkjksa vksj vaxwBhuqek lQsn QQwan vk tkrh gSA 'kq"d ekSle esa ifÙk;ksa dk xyk gqvk Hkkx lw[kdj Hkwjs jax dk gks tkrk gSA vkjEHk esa M.Byksa ij Hkh gYds Hkwjs jax ds /kCcs curs gaSA tks ckn esa yEckbZ esa c<+dj M.By ds pkjksa vksj QSy tkrs gaSA jksx dkjd QQwan jksxh dUnksa }kjk QSyrh gSA eSnkuh bykdksa esa 'khr Hk.Mkjksa esa j[ks jksxh dUnkas }kjk ;g jksx Qly nj Qly QSyrk gS vFkkZr~ 'khr Hk.Mkjksa esa j[ks cht dUnksa esa jksx dkjd xfeZ;ksa esa Hkh rFkk igkM+h bykdksa esa ns'kh Hk.Mkjksa esa j[ks cht dUnksa esa jksx dkjd lfnZ;ksa esa thfor jgrs gaS xzflr cht dUnksa }kjk LoLFk ikS/ks rks fudyrs gSa fdUrq vuqdwy ekSle 10 ls 12 fMxzh lsfYl;l rkieku mPp lkisf{kd vknzZrk 80 izfr'kr gksus ij xzflr cht esa gh jksx dkjd iuius yxrs gaSA gok vFkok o"kkZ ds cwanks ds lkFk nwljs ikS/kksa o [ksrkas rd QSy tkrs gaS vkSj Qly

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vkyw ds fof’k”V jksx

dks iwjh rjg ls u"V dj nsrs gaSA jksx dkjd QQwan o"kkZ ds ikuh ;k vksl dh cwnksa ds lkFk cgdj feV~Vh esa tkus ij dUnks dks Hkh xzflr djrs gSaA es<+ksa dh ÅapkbZ ,slh j[kas fd dUn feV~Vh ls vPNh rjg ls <ds jgas ftlls u, dUnksa ds jksxh gksus dh laHkkouk de gks tk,A tSls gh ekSle chekjh QSyus ds vuqdwy rkieku 10 ls 20 fMxzh lsfYl;l lkisf{kd vknZzrk 80 izfr'kr gks tk, oSls gh flapkbZ iwjh rjg cUn dj ns fdUrq vko';drk iM+us ij dsoy gYdh flapkbZ djsaA Qly ds lqj{kkRed fNM+dko ds fy, eSUdkstsc 0-2 izfr'kr tSls QQwanuk'kd laj{kh dk bLrseky djsaA bldk igyk fNM+dko Qly ij chekjh ds y{k.k fn[kus ls iwoZ gh dj ysuk pkfg,A ;fn >qylk dk izdksi Hk;adj gks vkSj eSUdkstsc ls fu;a=.k esa u vk, rks ml fLFkfr esa esVkysfDly 0-25 izfr'kr ?kksy ds ,d ;k nks fNM+dko djas bl QQwanuk'kd dk izHkko nSfgd gS rFkk bls ikS/ks cgqr tYnh lks[k ysrs gSa vkSj fiNsrh >qylk Qly ij vkxs QSyus ;k c<+uk :d tkrk gSA bl izdkj pkj fNM+dko i;kZIr gksrs gS eSUdkstsc 2 ckj vkSj esVkysfDly nks ckjA esVkysfDly dk izHkko yxHkx nks lIrkg rd cuk jgrk gSA vr% eSUdkstsc dk fNM+dko esVkysfDly ds fNM+dko ds iUnzg fnuksa ds ckn djuk pkfg,A Hkkjh o"kkZ dh fLFkfr esa VªkbVksu ,-bZ- 0-1 izfr'kr fpidus okys inkFkZ dks QQwanuk'kd ?kksy esa feyk nas ,slk djus ls fNM+dko ds rqjUr ckn o"kkZ gksus ij Hkh nok dk ikuh ds lkFk ?kqyus dh laHkkouk ls cpk tk ldrk gSA ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 42

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Qly esa 'kq: ls Hkh lQsn eD[kh dk geyk gks tkrk gSA dqN rknkn esa yhQ gkij Hkh fn[kkbZ ns ldrs gSaA uoEcj ds vkf[kjh g¶rs ls fnlEcj ds vkf[kjh g¶rs rd ekgw dk geyk Hkh gksrk gSA ;g dhV fo"kk.kq okyh chekjh ls QSyrk gS ftldh ogt ls iSnkokj ij vlj iM+rk gSA ekgw dh la[;k 1008 ifÙk;ksa ij 20 gks tkus ls igys gh feFkkby MsesVku ;k behMkDyksfizM dk ikuh esa ?kksy cukdj fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A feV~Vh p<+kus ds le; fFkesV 10th10 fdyksxzke izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls Mkyuk pkfg,A ekbV dhV flapkbZ dh deh ds dkj.k vf/kd iuirk gS vkSj vk¡[k ls fn[kkbZ Hkh ugha nsrk gSA flQZ y{k.k ns[kdj bls igpkuuk iM+rk gSA chekj ikS/ks dh ifÙk;ka xgjs gjs jax dh gks tkrh gaS vkSj myV dj ns[kus ij rkacs dh jax dh >yd fn[kkbZ nsxh tks ckn esa ikS/ks dks bruk detksj cuk nsxh fd og flQZ Nwus ls VwVus yxsxk ikS/kksa dk lwjt ds fdj.k ls [kkuk cukus dk dke can gks tkrk gS vkSj mit uk ds cjkcj feyrh gSA 'kq:vkrh y{k.k fn[kkbZ nsrs gh QkSju MkbdksQky 2 feyhyhVj izfr yh0 ikuh ds fglkc ls Mkydj fNM+dko djsaA lQs n lw f M;ks a dh jks d Fkke ds fy, DyksjksikbfjlQkl fNM+dko djsa vkSj QksjsV 10th ¼fFkesV½ 25 fdyksxzke ;k dkcksZ¶;wjku 3th 76 fdyksxzke izfr gsDVs;j dh nj ls bLrseky djsaA fd.kd jksx vkyw dk ,d Hk;adj jksx gSA oSKkfud dgrs gaS fd ;wjksi esa 1920 rd bl jksx ls eqDr fdLeksa ds vkus rd bl jksx ds dkj.k vkyw O;olk; dks cgqr cM+k uqdlku gqvkA bl jksx ls


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vkyw ds fof’k”V jksx xzflr dUn cht vkyw ds fy, dnkfpr mi;qDr ugha gksrk gSA cqjh rjg ls xzflr dUn [ksr esa lM+ tkrs gSaA ;fn ,d ckj tehu esa fd.kd QQwan yx tk, rks bldk vlj feV~Vh ls 25 ls 30 lky rd ugha tkrk gSA oSls Hkh ;gk¡ rd ns[kk x;k gS fd [ksr [kkyh NksM+us ij Hkh Hkwfe esa blds vlj esa dksbZ deh ugha vkrh gSA Hkkjr esa bl jksx dk izdksi igyh ckj nkftZfyax esa 1953 esa ns[kk x;k Fkk bl egkekjh dks QSyus ls jksdus ds fy, jksx ls vizHkkfor fdLeksa dk vk;kfrr p;u fd;k x;k vkSj nkftZfyax ftys ls cht vkyw dk fu;kZr jksd fn;k x;k rc ls bl jksx ds dkj.k if'peh caxky us vkyw O;olk; ds {ks= esa cht vkyw mRiknu dk ,d egRoiw.kZ fgLlk [kks fn;k gSA bl jksx ls xzflr dUnksa o M.Byksa ds fupys Hkkx ij QwyxksHkh uqek fd.kd Li"V :i ls ns[ks tk ldrs gaS vkSj ;gh bl jksx dh igpku gSA tM+kas ij bl izdkj ds fd.kd ugha cursA ueh;qDr okrkoj.k esa blds gjs ihys fd.kd ;k eLls Hkwfe ds ikl dh M.Byksa o ifÙk;ksa ij curs ns[ks tk ldrs gSaA oSls ;g Hkh t:jh ugha gS fd izR;sd jksx xzflr ikS/ks ij ;g eLls fodflr gks jksx xzflr dUnkas ij vf/kdrj dsoy ,d ;k dbZ jlkSyh tSls fn[kkbZ nsrs gaSA fdUrq dHkh&dHkh iwjs dUn ij fd.kd cu tkrs gaS tSls&tSls ;g eLls iqjkus gksrs tkrs gaS oSls&oSls ;g gjs ls dkys jax esa ifjofrZr gksrs tkrs gSaA le;&le; ij [ksrksa esa ikuh dh cgqrk;r vkSj mlds ckn fudklh o goknkj ifjfLFkfr;ka bl jksx ds QSykus esa lgk;d gSA [ksr esas feV~Vh lw[kh gksus dh rqyuk esa vf/kd yckyc ikuh gks

;k feV~Vh esa cgqr T;knk ue gks rks fd.kd jksx QSyrk gSA feV~Vh esa 45 izfr'kr ls vf/kd vkisf{kd vknzZrk jksx dkjd QQwan ds chtk.kq ds fy, lgk;d gS vkSj twLiksj ds fudyus ds fy, 14 ls 24 fMxzh lsfYl;l dk rkieku mi;qDr jgrk gSA fd.kd jksx dkjd dUn cht o feV~Vh tfur gSA jksxh cht dk bLrseky bl jksx dks QSykus esa cgqr lg;ksx nsrk gSA fd.kd jksx dkjd xzflr tehu esa yxkbZ xbZ fd.kd lqxzkgh fdLeksa ds ek/;e ls QSyus ds lkFk&lkFk [ksr esa vkus tkus okys euq"; ;k i'kqvksa ds iSjkas] [ksrh ds fy, iz;qDr vkStkjkas rFkk jksx xzflr [kkn }kjk Hkh QSyrk gSA fd.kd jksx dks QSyus ls jksdus ds fy, dsoy jksx eqDr fdLe mxkuh pkfg, tSls dqQjh T;ksfr] dqQjh 'ksjik] dqQjh dapu] fiEijuy] laxMksjts vYVhel vkfnA jksx okyh fdLesa tSls nkftZfyax jsM jkm.M] dqQjh uohu] dqQjh pUnzeq[kh] dqQjh flUnjh] dqQjh nsok] vi&Vw&MsV dqQjh ykfyek] dqQjh yodkj] dqQjh lQsn] vkfn fcYdqy ugha yxkuh pkfg,A Hkkjr esa laxjks/k }kjk vU; bykdksa esa bl jksx dks QSyus ls jksdk x;k gSA 1- yEcs Qly pØ ¼5 o"kZ ;k vf/kd½ viuk,aA 2- jksxkxzkgh fdLeksa ds ikS/kksa dks [ksr ls fudky nasA fd.kd yxs dUnksa ;k ikS/kksa dks [kkn ds xM~<s esa dHkh u Qsads cfYd mUgsa tykdj u"V dj nsa vFkok jksx xzflr dUnksa dks vPNh rjg mckydj i'kqvksa dks pkjs ds :i esa bLrseky esa yk;k tk ldrk gSA 3- jksx xzflr dUn vFkok jksxh [ksrksa ls fy, x, dUnksa dk bLrseky cht :i esa dHkh u djsaA

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fod [ksrh dh ,d ifjHkk"kk esa dgk x;k gS& ÞtSfod [ksrh] fdlku ds ikl Lo;a] xkao vkSj vklikl miyC/k lalk/ku dk mfpr mi;ksx djrs gq, vkisf{kr mRiknu çkIr djuk lkFk gh ;g /;ku j[kuk fd vknkuksa ds mi;ksx ls lalk/kuksa esa fdlh Hkh rjg dk vlqaryu u gksAß mä ifjHkk"kk LFkkuh; lalk/ku ds lefUor mi;ksx ;k çca/ku ds bnZ&fxnZ gh ekStwn gSA tSfod [ksrh vius vki esa miyC/k lalk/ku dk lgh] leqfpr ,oa lefUor rhjds ls mi;ksx gh gS tSls fd fdlku Qly dks mxkrk gS vukt Lo;a ds fy, vkSj Qly vo'ks"k Hkwlk vkSj ?kkl i'kq gsrq rks ogh] i'kq nw/k nsrk gS xkscj vkSj xksew= dks Qly gsrqA blh rjg lHkh lalk/kuksa dk mfpr ,oa vkilh leUo; vko';d gSA lalk/kuksa ds leUo; ds vHkko esa tSfod [ksrh dh yacs le; rd laHko ugha gS vkSj ;g mfpr Hkh ugha cká vknku ij fuHkZjrk cuh jgsA [ksrh dk eq[; lalk/ku e`nk] [kkn] cht] dhVuk'kh] [kjirokjuk'kh] ikuh rFkk Je gSA ftlds varxZr fofHkUu vknku vkrs gS ftudk lefUor çca/ku djuk gksrk gS- ppkZ ge djrs gaS fd fdl çdkj lefUor çca/ku dj ldrs gaS& ,e-,-lh-

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1& lefUor ikS/k iks"k.k 2& lefUor ikS/k laj{k.k 3& lefUor ty çca/k 4& lefUor [kjirokj çca/ku 5& LFkkuh; ou {ks= dk lefUor çca/ku 6& çk—frd ÅtkZ dk lefUor çca/ku 1& leUofr ikS/k iks"k.k ;g ,d foLr`r çca/ku gS] ftlesa e`nk dk mfpr çca/ku ds lkFk&lkFk [kkn dk Hkh çca/k vkrk gS] thokar e`nk gh tSfod [ksrh dk vk/kkj gSA thokar e`nk mi;qä Qly pØ] Qly vif'k"V çca/ku vkSj Qly ç.kkyh ds lkFk yacs le; rd fcuk moZjrk ºzkl ds yxkrkj mPp mRiknu lqfuf'pr djrh gSA thoar e`nk la/kkj.k gsrq vko';d gS fd lHkh Qly vof”k"V o [kjirokj vkil esa feêh esa feyk fn;s tk,] i'kq xkscj&ew= vk/kkfjr [kkn tSls fd mÙke xkscj [kkn] daiksLV] oehZ daiksLV] QLiksdaiksLV] gjh[kkn vkfn dk çR;sd Qly esa Hkjiwj ç;ksx gksA


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ve`r ikuh] chtke`r] iapxO; dk Hkh Hkjiwj ç;ksx gksrk gSaA Qly gsrq çk—frd o`f) dkjd&miys ls cuk áwfed ,flM] eNyh [kkn] vaMs ls cus gq, tSfod mRçsjd ç;ksx djukA ;gka ij ykHkdkjh lw{ethoksa dh mi;ksfxrk ds fd, fofHkUu çdkj ds ykHkdkjh thok.kq dk dYpj ;k tSo moZjd dk ç;ksx tSls ih-,l-ch- ,tksVkscSDVj] ,lhVkscSDVj] lYQj rFkk ftad ?kksyd thok.kq jfgr 'kSoky dk ç;ksx QlyksRiknu esa djukA tSo laj{k.k Hkh bl fof/k esa {kfr dk vkadyu dk {kfr dkj.k dk fu;a=.k ;k çca/ku djrs gSaA ftlesa ;g lnSo /;ku j[kk tkrk gS fd ykHkdkjh dhV ;k mlds fe= dhV dh {kfr u gksA jlk;fud dhVuk'kh nksuksa ds fy, ;g {kfr dkjd gSA bl çca/ku esa loZçFke dhVjks/kh] jksxjks/kh çtkfr dk pquko djrs gSaA lkFk gh VªSi Ø‚i yxkuk] cgqLrjh; [ksrh] Qly pØ] ,d gh [ksr esa le; esa nks ls rhu ckj Qlyksa dks cksuk vkfn 'kkfey gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, lks;kchu] rqvj] Tokj] eDdk] lks;kchu] rqvj rFkk lks;kchu ds ckn puk cksuk ,sls cgqr ls mnkgj.k gSA dikl ds [ksr ds fdukjs pkjkas vksj fHkaMh yxkuk] fuesVksM ls cpko gsrq xsans dh [ksrh] VekVj ds lkFk&lkFk djuk vkfnA d"kZ.k fØ;kvksa tSls xehZ dh tqrkbZ] xgjh tqrkbZ rFkk le; ij tqrkbZ dj dhV ds vaMk I;wik dks u"V djuk Hkh vko';d gSA tSfod [ksrh esa uk'khthokas ds çca/ku esa bl ckr dk dkQh T;knk /;ku j[kk tk, fd i;kZoj.k] Qly] i'kq] ekuo] e`nk] fdlh dks {kfr u gks blds fy, fofHkUu

tSfod [ksrh çdkj ds mik; le; ls viukrs gSaA lefUor ikS/k laj{k.k ds nks Hkkx gS &

jksx jks/kh fdLeksa dk p;u] LoLFk cht dk p;u] cht mipkj tSfod QQwan uk'kh VªkbdksMekZ vkSj L;wMkseksukl ls djuk] vPNs vadqj.k ds fy, chtke`r ls cht mipkjA Qly ij QQwanh tfur jksx yxus ij iqjkuh NkN dk Lçs djuk] tSfod çekf.kr ?kqyu'khy lYQj dk Lçs] iapxO; dk ç;ksx vkfn dks viukrs gaS] dqN Qlyksa ds cht dks dan ;k ruk 'kk[kk ds g‚VokVj VªhVesaV ;k g‚V ,;j VªhVesaV djukA lw{e rRoksa ds vHkko esa gksus okys jksxksa ls cpko ds fy, larqfyr ek=k esa xkscj [kkn ,oa rjy tSo [kknksa dk ç;ksx djuk gSA dhVksa ls {kfr dks cpkus ds fy, Qly dh cqokbZ le; ls djuk tSls ;fn ljlksa dh cqokbZ vDVwcj ds vkajHk esa djrs gaS rks ekgw¡ tks fd eq[; dhV gS ljlksa dk mlls {kfr ugha gksus ikrh gSA ;gka ij Qly vklkuh ls id tkrh gSA blds vfrfjä tSfod dhVuk'kh&fcos f j;k fcfl;kuk] oVhZ l hfy;e] esVkjkbft;e] ,u-ih-oh- vkfn dk ç;ksx djuk pkfg,A dhVksa dks idM+us ,oa vkxeu dh tkudjh gsrq fofHkUu çdkj ds VªSi&uhys vkSj ihys fpifpis VªSi] ykbV VªSi rFkk fofHkUu çdkj ds QSjkseksu VªSi dk ç;ksx djrs gSaA VªSi ds vanj dhVksa ds vuqlkj Y;wj dk ç;ksx fd;k tkrk gS ftlls vkdf"kZr gksdj uj dhV iraxs Qal tkrs gSaA eknk v.kMk ugha ns ikrh gSA lkFk gh

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fnlEcj] 2019 45


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tSfod [ksrh Qly fdlh Hkh rjg ls {kfrxzLr ugha gksrh gSA ;g iw.kZr;k fo"keqä çfØ;k gSA fofHkUu Qlyksa tSls fd dikl] caSxu] xUuk] xksHkh] VekVj] eVj] puk] rqvj] lks;kchu] ukfj;y] [ktwj] dnwnoxhZ; Qlyksa] Qyksa ds ç;ksx gksrk gS] ftlls Nsnd dhV dk fu;a=.k gksrk gSA lkFk gh Vªkbdksxzkek çtkfr ds vaMk ijthoh dk Hkh ç;ksx [ksr esa djrs gaS ;g ijthoh dhV Qlyksa dks gkfu igqapkus okys dhV dks u"V djrk gSA Vªkbdksxzkek dkMZ ds ç;ksx ls VekVj] eDdk] xUuk] dikl] puk] eVj] lks;kchu] fHkaMh vkSj xksHkh vkfn ds dhVksa dk fu;a=.k gksrk gSA blds lkFk&lkFk isM+ ikS/kksa dh cht dh iÙkh vkfn ls fofHkUu dhVuk'kh cuk, tkrs gSa mudk ç;kx s djrs gSa tl S s tl S s uhe ry s ] [kyh] djt a ry s ] cht [kyh dk mi;kx s ] n'ki.khZ lr] ikp a iÙkh ckVk] ykfer vd]Z vjd&ygluq &fepZ lr] lhrkQy iÙkh dk vdZ vkfnA ty euq"; ,oa ikS/kksa lHkh ds thou dk vk/kkj gksrk gSA blds fcuk thou laHko ugha gSA [ksrh esa Hkh gesa ;g /;ku j[kuk pkfg, fd tks Hkh ikuh ge tehu ls flapkbZ ds fy, fudkys mldk lgh ls mi;ksx djsa rFkk o"kkZ ty ds ek/;e ls ykSVkus dk ç;kl djsaA de ikuh pkgus okyh fdLeksa vkSj Qlyksa dk pquko djsaA ,d lkFk dbZ Qly ,d gh [ksr esa yxkus ls flapkbZ ty dk lgh ç;ksx gksrk gS] <+ky okyh Hkwfe ij dUVwj [ksrh djsaA [ksr ds pkjksa vksj esM+ cukuk ftlls o"kkZ ty u"V u gksA [ksr esa txg&txg rkykc ;k xìs cuk ftls o"kkZ ty ,d= gks ftlls flapkbZ dh tk lds vfrfjä o"kkZ gksus ij okVj gkosZfVax ds ek/;e esa o"kkZ ty dks tehu esa igqapkukA ty laj{k.k gsrq efYpax djuk ;g Qly ds vuq:i gksrk gS [ksr ds pkjkas vksj esM+ ij de ÅapkbZ ds o`{k yxkuk vkfnA [kjirokj tSfod [ksrh esa ,d cM+h pqukSrh gSA ;g iks"kd rRo rks tehu ls ysrs gh gaSA lkFk Qly mRiknu dks çHkkfor djrk gSA dHkh&dHkh rks eq[; Qly ls T;knk [kjirokj [ksr esa fn[krk gS] [kjirokj çca/ku dk dk;Z [kkn cukus ls 'kq: gksrk gSA vPNh çdkj ls lM+h [kkn dk ç;ksx djus ls [kjirokj ds tks Hkh cht xkscj esa gS oks u"V gks tkrs gSaA [ksr ds le; esa fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ djuk] esaM+ ij mxus okys [kjirokj flapkbZ ds nkSjku fudkys x, [kjirokj u"V djukA flapkbZ ds nkSjku fudkys x, [kjirokj dks fudkydj [kkn cukukA pjkbZ djus okys i'kqvksa ds [kkn dks fcuk vPNh rjg lM+s [ksr esa u MkyasA ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 46

mä lHkh ç;kl [ksrh esa ,d lkFk viukdj [kjirokj dk çca/ku fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;gka ij ou {ks= dk rkRi;Z ?kus fo'kky taxy ls ugha cfYd xkao ds vklikl mxus okys isM+ ikS/kksa ls gS tksfd taxy dk gh ,d :i gSA Lo;a mxus okys ikS/kksa dk laj{k.k tSo fofo/krk rFkk tSfod —f"k esa vknku gsrq t:jh gSA tSls fd uhe] djt] lhrkQy] vj.M] vkd] /krwjk] [khi] jhBk] edks;] ykuVsukdSejk vkfn fofHkUu isM+&ikS/ks tksfd xkao dh [kkyh tehu] lM+d ds fdukjs esM+ksa ij Lo;a mx tkrs gaSA budk ç;ksx fofHkUu çdkj ds okuLifrd dhVuk'kh cukus esa fd;k tkrk gS ftlesa rsy] [kyh] xksan] dk ç;ksx djrs gSaA isM+ vkSj >kfM+;ksa esa if{k;ksa dk vkokl gksrk gS tks fd [ksr esa ikbZ tkus okyh dhM+s] lwfM+;k dks [kkdj ijks{k :i ls Qly laj{k.k djrs gSaA iÙkh cht dk laxzg.k dhVuk'kh cukus gsrq djrs le; dHkh Hkh isM+ dks {kfr u igqapk,aA ;fn cht bdB~Bk dj jgs gS rks fxj gq, cht dk 10oka Hkkx ogha ij NksM+sa ftlls çk—frd dk laink cuh jgsA dHkh Hkh vfrfjdr~ nksgu u djsaA vko';drk ds vuq:i gh iÙkh] cht ysaA isM+&ikS/kksa dks dHkh Hkh tM+ ls u"V u djsaA tSfod [ksrh ç—fr vk/kkfjr gS] blesa ÅtkZ dk lcls cM+k óksr lw;Z gS] lw;Z ls çkIr ÅtkZ] lw;Z çdk'k vf/kdrk dk mi;ksx djus gsrq eYVhys;j Ø‚fiax viukus vFkkZr cM+s isM+] NksVs ikS/ks] QSyus okyh Qlyas ,d gh lkFk] ckxksa esa Hkh mfpr Qly yxk,aA tgka rd laHko gks cSyksa ls çkIr ÅtkZ dk vf/kd mi;ksx dks tqrkbZ] xqM+kbZ] ikuh fudkyus esa vkfnA ck;ksxSl dk mi;ksx] lksyj iai dk mi;ksx] lksyj vkfn 'kkfey gSA v[kk| rsyksa dk mi;ksx Hkh Mhty ds LFkku ij djsa vc rks ck;ksMhty Hkh miyC/k gSA


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esaFkk dh mUur [ksrh

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lL; foKku foHkkx] paæ 'ks[kj vktkn —f"k ,oa çkS|ksfxd fo-fo-] dkuiqj

esaFkk dh mUur [ksrh Hkk

jr nqfu;k dk lcls cM+k esaFkk v‚;y mRiknd vkSj fu;kZrd gSA esaFkk v‚;y dh lcls T;knk iSnkokj ;wih esa gksrh gSA ns'k esa gksus okys dqy esaFkk v‚;y ds mRiknu esa ;wih dh fgLlsnkjh djhc 80 Qhlnh gSA if'peh ;wih ds ftys laHky] jkeiqj] pankSlh esaFkk dk mRiknu djus okys cM+s {ks= gSa] tcfd y[kuÅ ds ikl ckjkcadh ftyk Hkh esaFkk v‚;y dk çeq[k mRiknd {ks= gSA blds vykok iatkc] fcgkj ds rjkbZ okys bykds vkSj e/; çns'k ds dqN fgLlksa esa Hkh esaFkk dh [ksrh gks jgh gSA esaFkk dk bLrseky nok,a] lkSan;Z mRikn] VwFkisLV ds lkFk gh daQsD'kujh mRiknksa esa lcls T;knk gksrk gSA lsaVªy baLVhVîwV Q‚j esfMfluy ,aM ,jksesfVd IykaV~l ¼lheSi½ dh ,d fjiksVZ ds eqrkfcd] lky 2019 esa esaFkk dh [ksrh djhc 3 yk[k gSDVs;j esa gqbZ gSA bl otg ls esaFkk v‚;y dk mRiknu djhc 38500& 39000 Vu jgus dh laHkkouk gSA ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 48

es a F kk dh [ks r h m".kdfVca / kh; rFkk miks".kdfVca/kh; nksuksa {ks=ksa esa dh tk ldrh gSA esaFkk dh o`f) ,oa fodkl ds fy, 20&40 lsaVhxzsM ds chp dk rkieku loksZÙke ekuk tkrk gS esaFkk dh [ksrh mu {ks=ksa esa lQyrkiwoZd dh tk ldrh gS tgka ij okf"kZd o"kkZ 100&110 lseh ds chp gks ,oa ikS/k jksi.k ds le; gYdh o"kkZ rFkk dVkbZ ds le; i;kZIr /kwi gksuk mÙke ekuk tkrk gSA esaFkk dh [ksrh ds fy, vPNs ty fudkl rFkk mi;qä thoka'k okyh cyqbZ nkseV o efV;kjh nkseV feV~Vh ftldk ih-,p- eu 6&7-5 gks vPNh ekuh tkrh gSA esaFkk dh vPNh ,oa xq.koÙkk;qä mit ysus gsrq [ksr dks ,d ckj feV~Vh iyVus okys gy }kjk tqrkbZ djus


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esaFkk dh mUur [ksrh

nwjh 30&45 lsehå rFkk ikS/ks ls ikS/ks dh nwjh 15 lsehå j[kkuk pkfg, rFkk ikS/kksa dh jksikbZ 3&5 lsehå dh xgjh ij dwM+kas ij djuk pkfg,A jksikbZ ds rqjUr ckn gYdh flapkbZ djuk vR;Ur vko';d gksrk gSA ,d gSDVs;j dh cqokbZ djus ds fy, 4&5 fdaoVy tM+s i;kZIr gksrh gSA

ds ckn 2&3 tqrkbZ gSjks ls djrs gaS rkfd [ksr HkqjHkqjh ,oa eqyk;e rFkk [kjirokj jfgr gks tk, çR;sd tqrkbZ ds ckn ikVk yxkdj [ksr dks lery cuk fy;k tkrk gSA vxj [ksr esa nhed fn[kkbZ nas rks [ksr dh vafre tqrkbZ ds le; DyksjksikbZjhQ‚l ued jlk;u dh 2-5 & 3 yhVj ek=k dks çfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls [ksr esa vPNh rjg ls feyk nasA

l{ke] ,eå,å,lå&1 lh-vkbZ-,e-&e/kqjl &1] lheSi& ,e-,l-,l-&5] lheSi& ,e-,l-,l-&98] iatkc Lih;jfeaV&1] xaxk] uhjdkydk

esaFkk dh dVh gqbZ LoLFk tM+ksa ¼8&10 lsehå½ dh cqvkbZ dk mfpr le; 15 tuojh ls 15 Qjojh ds chp dk le; mÙke jgrk gSA vxj cqokbZ esa foyEc gksrk gS rks ikS/kksa dks ulZjh esa rS;kj djds ekpZ ls vçSy ds çFke lIrkg rd jksikbZ vo'; dj nsaA cqokbZ ls iwoZ dVh gqbZ tM+ksa dks 2 xzke dkcZsUMkft+e QQw¡n uk'kd nok dks çfr yhVj dh nj ls ikuh esa ?kksydj dVh gqbZ tM+ksa dks 5 feuV rd Mqcksdj 'kksf/kr dj ysuk pkfg,A

lkekU;r% moZjdksa dk ç;ksx e`nk ijh{k.k dh laLrqfr;ksa ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tkuk ykHknk;d gksrk gSA lkekU; ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa esaFkk dh vPNh mit çkIr djus ds fy, 120&150 fdyksxzke ukbVªkstu 50&60 fdxzkå QkWLQksjl 40 fdxzk- iksVk'k rFkk 20 fdxzklYQj çfr gs- dh nj ls ç;ksx djuk pkfg,A QkWLQksjl] iksVk'k rFkk lYQj dh iwjh ek=k rFkk 30&35 fdxzk- ukbVªkstu cqokbZ@jksikbZ ls iwoZ dwaM+ksa esa ç;ksx djuk pkfg,A 'ks"k ukbVªkstu dks cqokbZ@jksikbZ ds yxHkx 45 fnu] ij 70&80 fnu ij rFkk igyh dVkbZ ds 20 fnu i'pkr~ nsuk pkfg,A esaFkk esa flapkbZ Hkwfe dh fdLe ,oa tyok;q ij fuHkZj djrh gSA esaFkk esa igyh flapkbZ gYdh gksuh pkfg, rFkk ;g flapkbZ cqokbZ@jksikbZ ds rqjUr ckn dj nsuk pkfg,A igyh flapkbZ i'pkr~ 20&25 fnu ds vUrjky ij flapkbZ djrs jguk pkfg, o çR;sd dVkbZ ds ckn flapkbZ djuk vko';d gSA esaFkk dh Qly esa ty dh vko';drk cgqr vf/kd gSA feêh vkSj tyok;q ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vk/kkj ij Qly dks ekulwu vkus ls igys ls 6&9 ckj flapkbZ djuk pkfg, gSA esaFkk dh Qly esa vxj lgh le; ij [kjirokj fu;U=.k u fd;k tk;s rks gcZ vkSj rsy dh iSnkokj esa yxHkx 60 çfr'kr dh deh vk tkrh gSA blfy,] esaFkk

esaFkk dh cqokbZ@jksikbZ ds fy, ykbu ls ykbu dh ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 49


hindi.krishijagran.com

esaFkk dh mUur [ksrh dh Qly esa fodkl ds 'kq#vkrh pj.kksa esa [kjirokj fu;U=.k fu;fer varjky ij djuk cgqr gh vko';drk gksrh gSA [kjirokj fu;a=.k ds fy, isUMhesFkyhu 30 bZ-lh- ds 3-3 yhVj çfr gs- dks 700&800 yhVj ikuh esa ?kksydj cqokbZ@jksikbZ ds i'pkr~ vksV vkus ij fNM+dko djsaA esaFkk Qly dh dVkbZ çk;% nks ckj dh tkrh gSA igyh dVkbZ yxHkx 100&120 fnu ckn tc ikS/kksa esa dfy;ka vkus yxsA igyh dVkbZ tehu dh lrg ls 4&5 lseh- ÅWapkbZ ij djuh pkfg,A nwljh dVkbZ] igyh dVkbZ ds yxHkx 70&80 fnu ij djsaA dVkbZ ds ckn ikS/kksa dks 2&4 ?kUVs rd [kqyh /kwi esa NksM+ nsa rRi'pkr~ dVh Qly dks Nk;k esa gYdk lq[kkdj vklou fof/k ls rsy fudky ysuk pkfg,A nks dVkb;ksa esa yxHkx 250&300 fdaoVy 'kkd ;k 125&150 fdxzkå rsy çfr gs- çkIr gksrk gSA

bl dhV dh lwafM+;ka ifÙk;ksa dks yisVdj bfeMk uked dhVuk'kh nok dks 1-5 [kk tkrh gS bl dhV dk çdksi vxLr ls feyh@yhVj dh nj ls nks ls rhu flrEcj ds eghuks esa vf/kd gksrk gSA fNM+dko lkIrkfgd varjky ij djsaA

,e-,-lh-

ckynkj lwM+h

;g dhV ifÙk;ksa ds fupyh lrg ij fn[kkbZ nsrk vkSj ifÙk;ksa ds uhpyh lrg dks [kkuk 'kq: dj nsrk gSA

bl dhV dh jksdFkke ds fy, QsuosyjsV 750 feyh- çfr gs- dh nj ls 600&700 yhVj ikuh esa ?kksydj fNM+dko djsaA

i.kZnkx

ifÙk;ksa ij xgjs Hkwjs jax ds /kCcs fn[kkbZ iM+rs gSaA blls ifÙk;ka ihyh iM+dj fxjus yxrh gSaA

bl jksx ds funku ds fy, eSadkstsc 75 MCyw ih uked QQwanhuk'kd dh 2 fdxzkek=k 600&800 yhVj esa feykdj çfr gsdh nj ls fNM+dko djsaA

LVksysu j‚V

cjlkr ds ekSle esa] Hkwfexr Hkkxksa ij LVksyu lM+ tkrh gS laØfer LVksyu ij Hkwjs jax ds ?kko fn[kkrs gSa tks c<+ tkrs gSa vkS j dkys gks tkrs gS a ] ftlds ifj.kkeLo:i ikS/ks ej tkrs gSaA

jksi.k ls 2 ls 3 feuV igys dSIVku ds 0-25 çfr'kr ?kksy ;k 0-3 çfr'kr ,Xyky ds ?kksy ls LVksyksa dk mipkj ,d jksdFkke mik; gSA

fnlEcj] 2019 50


www.krishijagran.com

i’kq jksx fu;a=.k

nq/kk: i’kqvksa esa Fkusyk jksx% egRoÙkk] funku] mipkj ,oa jksdFkke 1

,eoh,llh] i'kq eknk ,oe~ çlwfr jksx foKku] 2,eoh,llh] i'kq 3 jksx foKku] ,eoh,llh] i'kq 'kY;fpfdRlk ,oe~ fofdj.k foKku Email Id: amarjeetbislav@gmail-com

Hkk

jr 2-936 fVªfy;u M‚yj dh thMhih ds lkFk fo'o dh 5 oha lcls cM+h vFkZO;oLFkk gS vkSj rsth ls c<+ jgk gSA Hkkjr ds ldy ?kjsyw mRikn esa i'kq/ku {ks= dk 4 izfr”kr ;ksxnku gS vkSj Ms;jh {ks= esa vf/kdka'k fgLlk 'kkfey gSA Hkkjr gj lky 176-30 fefy;u Vu nw/k dk mRiknu djds iwjh nqfu;k esa vxz.kh gS] ysfdu Hkkjr esa ,d tkuoj ds nw/k dk vkSlr nSfud mRiknu ¼7-1 fdxzk½ tks vU; ns'kksa tSls fd fczVsu ¼25-6 fdxzk½ vkSj btjk;y ¼38-6 fdxzk½ dh rqyuk esa cgqr de gSA A Hkkjr esa de mRikndrk ds çeq[k dkj.k nksuksa vkarfjd ¼de vkuqoaf'kd {kerk½ vkSj cká ¼[kjkc iks"k.k [ksr çca/ku çFkkvksa] vçHkkoh i'kq fpfdRlk ns[kHkky vkSj jksx fu;a=.k½ gSaA nq/kk: i'kqvksa esa FkSusyk jksx ,d egRoiw.kZ igyw gS tks çR;{k ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 52

;k vçR;{k :i ls fdlkuksa dh vFkZO;oLFkk dks çHkkfor djrk gS vkSj varr% ns'k dh vFkZO;oLFkk dks çHkkfor djrk gSA Fkusyk jksx dh fo'ks"krk Lru xzafFk;ksa dh lwtu vkSj 'kkjhfjd] jklk;fud vkSj] vkerkSj ij] nw/k esa thok.kq laca/kh ifjorZu gSA Hkkjr esa Ms;jh nw/k mRiknu esa FkSusyk jksx lcls O;kid vkSj lcls vf/kd vkfFkZd :i ls gkfudkjd chekjh gSA bl chekjh ds cgqr lkjs dkj.k gSa tks i'kq dks fofHkUu çdkj dk uqdlku djrs gSaA Fkusyk jksx ls gksus okys vkfFkZd uqdlku blls tqM+s çR;{k uqdlku ¼nw/k dh xq.koÙkk vkSj ek=k esa deh]


hindi.krishijagran.com

i'kq dk fu"dklu ½ vkSj O;; ¼mipkj ykxr½ ds dkj.k gSaA blds vykok] ;g nw/k lzkfor dksf'kdkvksa dks u"V djds vkSj fu'kku Ård ds lkFk mUgsa mRiknd {kerk dk LFkk;h uqdlku gksus ij Lru Ård dks vifjorZuh; uqdlku Hkh igqapk ldrk gSA Fkusyk jksx i'kq dh çtuu {kerk dks de djds ,d lky esa ,d cNM+s ds y{; esa ck/kk Mkyrk gSA dHkh&dHkh Fkusyk jksx i'kq dh ekSr dk Hkh dkj.k cu ldrk gSA Hkkjr esa vkSlru 50 izfr”kr lHkh nq/kk# i'kq Fkusyk jksx ls çHkkfor gSa vkSj uqdlku c<+ jgk gSA ;g yxHkx 50 djksM+ #i, ls vf/kd ds okf"kZd uqdlku ds fy, ftEesnkj gSA bl cM+h jkf'k esa ls nw/k dh xq.koÙkk vkSj ek=k esa deh ¼70% rd½] mipkj ds ckn nw/k dk R;kx ¼9%½] i'kq fpfdRlk lsokvksa dh ykxr ¼7%½ vkSj le; ls igys i'kq dk fu"dklu ¼14%½ ftEesnkj gSA Fkusyk jksx ls çHkkfor çfr i'kq vof/k ds fy, 21]677@& ls 88]340@& #i, rd çfr i'kq vkfFkZd uqdlku dk vuqeku gS tksfd xjhc fdlku ds fy;s lgu djuk vfr eqf'dy gSA thok.kq] dod] fo"kk.kq ] [kehj vkSj {kkj tSls dbZ tho Lrunkg dh ?kVuk ds fy, ftEesnkj gSaA mUgsa laØked vkSj i;kZoj.kh; jksxtudksa esa foHkkftr fd;k tk ldrk gSA laØked jksxtud xk;@HkSl dh mcVu vkSj Lru dh Ropk ij jgrs gSa vkSj nw/k nsus ds nkSjku çHkkfor xk; ls vçHkkfor xk; esa LFkkukarfjr gks tkrs gSa] tcfd i;kZoj.kh; jksxtud i'kq ds vkokl

i’kq jksx fu;a=.k vkSj fcLrj esa ekStwn gksrs gSa tksfd nw/k nsus ds nkSjku ;k nw/k ds chp esa LFkkukarfjr gks ldrs gSaA tc xk; eq[; :i ls nw/k nsus ds ckn Hkkstu djds ysV tkrh gS] rc bu laØked jksxtud thoksa dk Lru rd tkus dk volj vf/kd gksrk gS D;ksafd nw/k nsus ds dqN le; ckn rd Fku [kqyk jgrk gSA jksxtudksa ds eq[; dkj.k esa ,Lpsfjfp;k dksykbZ ¼bZ-dksykbZ½]LVªsIVksdksdl ;wcsfjl vkSj LVSfQyksdksdl v‚fj;l tSls thok.kq gSaA xk; dh rqyuk esa HkSal esa ;g jksx de gksrk gS d;ksafd HkSal ds Fku yEcs gksrs gaS vkSj nq/k nsus ds ckn de le; rd [kqys jgrs gSaA Fkusyk jksx nq/kk# i'kqvksa esa nks vyx&vyx :I esa gksrk gSa& uSnkfud vkSj mi&uSnkfudA uSnkfud Fkusyk jksx ds ifj.kkeLo:i lwtu ds dkj.k Lru xzafFk;ksa dh mifLFkfr vkSj vkdkj esa Li"V ifjorZu gksrk gS tks nnZ] lwtu vkSj ykfyek dh fo'ks"krk gSA blds vykok nw/k dh lajpuk esa cnyko gksxk vkSj nw/k ds mRiknu esa deh vk,xhA bldk irk vklkuh ls yxk;k tk ldrk gSA blds foijhr] mi&uSnkfud Fkusyk jksx dk irk yxkuk vf/kd dfBu gS D;ksafd Lru xzafFk;ksa vkSj nw/k dh mifLFkfr esa ifjorZu tSls y{k.k Li"V :i ls ugha ns[ks tk ldrs gSaA bl çdkj bldk funku Ms;jh i'kq çca/ku esa ,d pqukSrh gS vkSj mi&uSnkfud :i uSnkfud :i ls 15 ls 40 xquk vf/kd çpfyr gS vkSj uSnkfud :i dh rqyuk esa cM+s ¼yxHkx 60% vkfFkZd uqdlku ds fy, ftEesnkj gSA blds vykok mi&fpfdRldh; :i ls çHkkfor i'kq >qaM ds vU; i'kqvksa ds fy, laØe.k dk ,d fujarj ózksr cus jgrs

,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 53


i’kq jksx fu;a=.k

www.krishijagran.com

vk'kktud QhYM Lrj ijh{k.k gSA blls uSnkfud vkSj miuSnkfud nksuksa :iksa dk irk yxk yxk;k tk ldrk gSaA ijh{k.k ls Fkusyk jksx ds ekeys esa nSfgd dksf'kdkvksa ¼lkekU; 2 yk[k@fefy nq/k½ dh la[;k esa o`f) dk irk pyrk gSA çR;sd frekgh esa leL;k dk vyx&vyx fo'ys"k.k fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj {ks= Lrj ij nSfgd dksf'kdkvksa dk vuqeku Hkh fn;k tk ldrk gSA Fkksd nw/k ds uewuksa dk mi;ksx iwjs >qaM dh fLFkfr dk fu/kkZj.k djus ds fy, fd;k tk ldrk gSA ih,p lkekU; nw/k ¼6-4&6-8½ ls vf/kd gksrk gSA lk/kkj.k ih,p isij dh enn ls i'kq ds Lrj ij bldk irk yxk;k tk ldrk gSA ckn nw/k esa Na+ vkSj K+ dh lkaærk ds c<+us ls Lru xzafFk;ksa dh dksf'kdkvksa dks uqdlku gksrk gSA blls nw/k ds fo|qr çokg esa o`f) gksrh gSA pkydrk ehVj uked fo'ks"k midj.kksa dh enn ls nw/k dk çokg fu/kkZfjr fd;k tkrk gSA gSaA uSnkfud Fkusyk jksx dks xaHkhjrk ds vk/kkj ij de rhoz] rhoz] mi rhoz vkSj iqjkuh jksx esa foHkkftr fd;k tk ldrk gSA vlkekU; nw/k] vlkekU; Lru xzafFk] vlkekU; i'kq Fkusyk jksx dh fo'ks"krk gS vkSj vlkekU;rk dh lhek Fkusyk jksx ds :i ij fuHkZj djrh gSA Fkusyk jksx ds eq[; y{k.k ;g gSa % Ÿ nw/k esa vlkekU; nw/k dk lzko] xqPNs] jä ds FkDds] nw/k esa eoknA Ÿ vlkekU; xzafFk] nnZukd lwtu] ykfyek] Li'kZ djus ij xeZ xzafFkA Ÿ QkbczksfllA Ÿ cq[kkj] Hkw[k esa deh] volkn vkfn Hkh gksrs gSaA

ds fy, Lru xzafFk dh 'kkjhfjd tkap cgqr t#jh gS] ysfdu ;g mi&uSnkfud fcekjh dk irk ugha yxk ldrkA fLVªi di esa çR;sd Fku ls nw/k dh igyh /kkjk ys vkSj xqPNs] xkaB vkSj vlkekU; nw/k ds vU; y{k.kksa ds fy, fujh{k.k djsaA ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 54

lkseSfVd dksf'kdkvksa dh fxurh ¼,llhlh½ nw/k dh xq.koÙkk dk ladsrd gSA nSfgd dksf'kdkvksa esa cgqer Y;wdkslkbV~l ¼'osr jä dksf'kdk,a½ gksrs gSa] tks Fkusyk jksx gksus ds ckn nw/k esa vf/kd la[;k esa ik;h tkrh gSaA QkeZ ds Lrj ij lkseSfVd dkfs'kdk dkmVaj tl S s fo'k"sk midj.k vkjS fo'k"sk ç;kx s 'kyk eas lkesfSVd dkfs'kdkvkas dh fo'k"sk rduhd ls fxufr djds n/wk eas nfSgd dkfs'kdkvkas dh lVhd l[a;k dk irk fd;k tk ldrk gAS uSnkfud vkSj mi&uSnkfud Lrunkg ds ekeyksa ds ihNs fuf'pr :i ls dkj.k thok.kq dk funku djus ds fy, Lo.kZ ekud ç;ksx'kkyk fof/k lcls mi;ksxh gSA funku djus ds ckn dkjd thok.kq ds f[kykQ lcls mi;qä jksxk.kqjks/kh dk mi;ksx djds laosnu'khyrk ijh{k.k fd;k tk ldrk gSA nw/k dh thok.kq ijh{kk esa uewukdj.k lcls egRoiw.kZ dne gSA uewus ysus okys O;fä ds gkFkksa ds nwf"kr gksus] lanw"k.k daVsujksa ls ;k i;kZoj.k ls ijh{k.k ds ifj.kke vFkZghu gks tkrs gSaA uewus ysus ds nkSjku fuEufyf[kr çfØ;k dk ikyu fd;k tkuk t#jh gS& Ÿ uewus ysus ds fy, u;s daVsujksa dk mi;ksx djsa vkSj laxzg 'kq: gksus rd lhy j[kk tk,A Ÿ lkcqr Lru xzafFk dks xhys lkQ diM+s ls vPNh rjg ls lkQ djuk pkfg, vkSj Lru xzafFk dks vPNh rjg ls lw[kus ds ckn 70% vYdksgy tSls dhVk.kquk'kdksa dh enn ls dhVk.kqjfgr djuk pkfg,A


hindi.krishijagran.com

i’kq jksx fu;a=.k

Ÿ uewuksa dks ,df=r djus okys vkneh dks

dhVk.kquk'kd dh enn ls vius gkFk dks vPNh rjg ls lkQ djuk pkfg,A Ÿ ,d ;k nks /kkfj;k¡ nw/k NksM+us ds ckn] uewuk lh/ks daVsuj esa ,d= fd;k tkrk gS vkSj Bhd ls yscy fd;k tkrk gSA Fkusyk jksx dk mipkj vkSj fu;a=.k ,d var%çsfjr ?kVuk gS D;ksafd ,d ldkjkRed ekeys ds mipkj ls Lru xzafFk dh lwtu dks vlaØfer tkuoj rd fu;af=r fd;k tk,xk] blfy, bls 3 cqfu;knh j.kuhfr;ksa esa oxhZ—r fd;k tk ldrk gS ;kuh ekStwnk laØe.k dk mUewyu] u, laØe.k dh jksdFkke vkSj Å/oZ LokLF; dh fLFkfr dh fuxjkuhA

lkbVªsV] foVhfeu ,] Mh vkSj vU; i'kq fpfdRlk i)fr;ksa tSls lksfM;e ckbdkcksZusV vkSj uhacw dk jl feJ.k f[kykuk vkfn dk Hkh mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA

Ÿ nw/k fudkyus dh vof/k ds var ds ckn

jksxk.kqjks/kh nokvksa dk vfrØe.kA Ÿ ;g çkjafHkd ySDVs'ku esa u, laØe.k dks jksdus ds vykok ekStwnk laØe.k dks fu;af=r djrk gSA Ÿ ;g LoLFk i'kq esa çlkj dks fu;af=r djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA

Ÿ nw/k fudkyus ls igys lw[ks lkQ diM+s dh Ÿ lh,lVh dh fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj jksxk.kqjks/kh

fpfdRlk vkSj Lru xzafFk ds vUnj jksxk.kqjks/kh nokbZ j[kus dks çkFkfedrk nh tkuh pkfg,A Ÿ Lru xzafFk lwtu dks de djus ds fy, dsVksçksQsu ¼2&4 fexzk@fdxzk fnu esa ,d ;k nks ckj½ ;k esyksf{kve ¼0-5 fexzk@fdxzk fnu esa ,d ;k nks ckj½ tSlh lwtu fojks/kh nokvksa dk mi;ksxA Ÿ nw / k dk ih,p de djus ds fy;s ,aVhv‚fDlMsaV bykt tSls ,Ld‚fcZd ,flM ¼fexzk@fdxzk fnu esa ,d ckj½ ;k lsysfu;e vkSj foVhfeu bZ ds Vhds dk mi;ksxA Ÿ lgk;d fpfdRlk esa ih,p ifjorZu ¼30 xzke½ dk eqdkcyk djus ds fy, VªkblksfM;e

Ÿ Ÿ

Ÿ

Ÿ Ÿ

enn ls Lru xzafFk dh mfpr lQkbZ djus ls Fkusyk jksx ds çlkj dks jksdus esa enn feyrh gSA blds vykok ;g i'kq dks nw/k mrkjus vkSj dq'ky nw/k fudkyus dks mÙksftr djrk gSA nw/k fudkyus ls igys vkSj çR;sd i'kq dh Lru xzafFk dks vkSj nw/k fudkyus okys vkneh dks gkFkksa dks dhVk.kqjfgr djuk pkfg,A nw/k fudkyus ds ;U= o midj.kksa dks gj i'kq ds nw/k nsus ls igys vkSj ckn esa dhVk.kqjfgr fd;k tkuk pkfg,A i'kq dk iqjk nw/k fudkyuk pkfg, d;ksafd Fkuksa esa cpk gqvk nw/k Fkusyk jksx dj ldrk gSA 70% vYdksgy tSls dhVk.kquk'kd ls Fkuksa

,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 55


i’kq jksx fu;a=.k

dk mfpr le; ij dhVk.kq'kks/ku djuk pkfg,A Ÿ nw/k nsus ds ckn i'kq dks de ls de 15 feuV rd cSBus u nsaA

Ÿ i'kq ?kj ds vanj mfpr rkieku] vknZzrk vkSj

gok dh xq.koÙkk dks cuk, j[kk tkuk pkfg,A Ÿ i'kq dks nw/k fudkyus ds fy, vyx ls lkQ

fd, x, {ks= esa ys tkuk pkfg,A Ÿ mfpr dpjk fuiVku fd;k tkuk pkfg,A i'kq vkgkj esa d‚ij] eSaxuht] ftad] lsysfu;e vkSj foVkfeu tSls bZ] , vkSj chVk dSjksVhu tSls Vªsl [kfutksa dk mfpr lekos'k gksuk pkfg,A ;s Vªsl [kfut i'kqvksa dks laØe.k ls yM+us esa enn djrs gSaA blds vykok mfpr Lru xzafFk LokLF; cuk, j[krk gSA Ÿ >qaM esa 'kkfey djus ls igys i'kq dk mfpr

ijh{k.k vkSj nw/k dh thok.kq ijh{kk ¼lh,lVh½ dh tkuh pkfg, pwafd çHkkfor tkuoj LoLFk tkuojksa ds fy, laØe.k dk lzksr Hkh gksxkA Ÿ vyx&vyx thok.kq ls cpko ds fy, Vhdkdj.k Hkh djk;k tk ldrk gSA Ÿ i'kq >qaM dh LokLF; fLFkfr dh fuxjkuh djuk i'kq ds >qaM dh LokLF; fLFkfr dh le;&le; ij ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 56

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fuxjkuh djuk cgqr t#jh gSA i'kq >qaM ds Lrj ij bdB~Bs fd, x, nw/k esa lkseSfVd dksf'kdkvksa dh fxufr ¼,llhlh½ ;k dSfyQksfuZ;k Fkusyk jksx VsLV ¼lh,eVh½ djds nw/k o i'kq ds lgh gksus dk vuqeku yxk;k tk ldrk gSA O;fäxr Lrj ij Hkh vf/kd nw/k nsus okys i'kqvksa dk Hkh mipkj ds ckn 7 fnu ds varjky ij dSfyQksfuZ;k Fkusyk jksx VsLV ¼lh,eVh½ djds lgh gksus dk vuqeku yxk;k tk ldrk gSA 3 eghus ds fu;fer varjky ij fefJr frekgh nw/k ds uewuksa dh thok.kq ijh{kk ¼lh,lVh½ djuk Hkh ykHknk;d gksrk gSA Hkkjr dh vFkZO;oLFkk ds fy, i'kqikyu {ks= dkQh gn rd ;ksxnku nsrk gS vkSj lkFk gh lekt ds cM+s fgLls ds fy, vkthfodk dk óksr gS vkSj —f"k {ks= dh rqyuk esa i'kqikyu {ks= dk ;ksxnku cgqr rsth ls c<+ jgk gSA i'kqikyu {ks= Hkkjr ljdkj ds ^2022 rd fdlku dh vk; nksxquh djus* ds y{; dks çkIr djus esa lcls vf/kd vk'kktud {kerk fn[kkrk gS] ysfdu Fkusyk jksx tSlh ck/kk,a bl y{; dks çkIr djus esa lcls cM+h ck/kkvksa esa ls ,d gSaA blfy,] çR;sd Lrj ij Fkusyk jksx ls gksus okys uqdlku dks jksdus ds fy, mfpr dne mBk, tkus pkfg,] rkfd i'kqikyu {ks= dk vFkZ'kkL= vkSj fdlku bl nj ls c<+s fd fdlku dh vk; 2022 ls igys nksxquh gks ldsA


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QwyxksHkh esa dhV ,oa jksx

QwyxksHkh esa moZjd] flapkbZ] dhV ,oa jksx izca/ku Email: arvindadr88@yahoo.co.in

eks- % 9412515214

Email: rishipal.biocontrol@gmail.com

eks- % 9412421702

Lkjnkj oYyHk HkkbZ iVsy —f"k ,oa izkS|ksfxd fo”ofo/kky;&esjB m-iz-

Hkk

jr esa QwyxksHkh dh cqvkbZ rdjhcu 2018&19 esa 460 gtkj gSDVs;j {ks=Qy o mRiknu 9174 gtkj fefy;u Vu gqvkA QwyxksHkh ds mRiknu esa Hkkjr fo”o esa nwlj LFkku ij gSA ;g fo”o mRiknu dk dqy 36 izfr”kr gS ftls 18-3 fefVªd Vu izfr gSDVs;j Hkw Hkkx ls mRikfnr fd;k tkrk gSA Hkkjr esa izeq[k #i ls QwyxksHkh mRiknd jkT; fcgkj] mRrj izns”k] mMhlk] if”peh caxky] vklke] xqtjkr] gfj;k.k rFkk egkjk’Vª gSA QwyxksHkh vkSj cUnxksHkh dh [ksrh izk;% lHkh Hkkxksa esa

dh tkrh gSA ijUrq xkWaB xksHkh dh [ksrh vHkh rd dqN LFkkuksa esa gh lhfer gSA oSKkfud <ax ls [ksrh dh tk, rks iSnkokj c<+kbZ tk ldrh gSA QwyxksHkh dh [ksrh ds vPNh ty fudkl okyh nkseV ;k cyqbZ nkseV Hkwfe ftlesa thoka'k izpqj ek=k esa miyC/k gks vPNh gksrh gSA QwyxksHkh ds fy, BaMh ,oa vknzZ tyok;q dh vko”;drk gksrh gSA Qwy fuekZ.k ds fy, 15 ls 20 fMxzh lsUVhxzV rkieku vkn”kZ gksrk gSA ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 57


QwyxksHkh esa dhV ,oa jksx

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cht dks dISVku@Fkhje@ dkcUZsMkfte QQnwauk”kh dh 2 ls 3 xkze ifzr fd-xkz cht dh nj ls mipkfjr dj coqkbZ djuk pkfg,A [ksr esa D;kjh rS;kj djds 5 ls 10 xzke ¶;wjkMku ;k fFkesV dk iz;ksx djsaA lkFk gh 5 ls 10 xzke Fkhje@ dSIVku ;k ckfoLVhu nok doduk”kh feykdj D;kjh dks lery djds cht cksus gsrq rS;kj dj ysaA

QwyxksHkh esa ikS/k jksi.k ls ysdj Qwy rS;kj gksus rd ds cht dbZ izdkj ds [kjirokj mxrs gSaA nks ;k rhu fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ ls [kjirokj dh jksdFkke gks tkrh gSA [kjirokj uk”kh dk iz;ksx dkQh ykHkizn gksrk gSA is.MkesFkkfyu 3-3 yhVj dks 1000 yhVj ikuh esa ?kksydj izfr gSDVs;j dk fNMdko jksikbZ ls iwoZ dkQh ykHkizn gksrk gSA vPNh xq.koRrk okys Qwyksa dks ikus dss fy, ,slh fdLeksa dk p;u djas ftleas ifRr;ka Lor% Qy w ds Åij ljq{kk dop cuk nrsh gks Qy w dh x.qkoRrk l/qkkjus ds fy, ifRr;kas ds xPqNkas dkas ,d lkFk djds Qy w ds Åij /kkxs ;k jcj ds NYys dh lgk;rk ls ck/kk tk ldrk gAS ikS/kksa dh vPNh o`f) ds fy, fEkêh esa i;kZIr ek=k esa ueh dk gksuk vR;Ur vko”;d gSA ;fn o’kkZ u gks rks vko”;drkuqlkj flapkbZ djuh pkfg,A flrEcj ds ckn 10 ;k 15 fnu ds vUrjky ij vko”;drkuqlkj flapkbZ djrs jguk pkfg,A xzh'e _rq esa 5 ls 7 fnu ds vUrj ij flapkbZ djsaA

bl dhV dh bfYy;kWa gh ikS/kksa dks gkfu igaqpkrh gSA izkjfEHkd voLFkk esa ikl&ikl jgdj [kkrh gS vkSj ckn esa b/kj m/kj QSy tkrh gSA lkFk gh ,d ikS/ks ij vkus ds ckn nwljs ikS/ks ij pyh tkrh gSA vf/kd izdksi

gksus ij ;s cMs iksS/kksa ds 'kh"kZ ds vkl ikl okys iÙkksa dh f'kjkvksa dks NksMdj lHkh Hkkxksa dk [kk tkrh gSA ;fn dhVksa dh ek=k vf/kd gks rks LikbukslSM ¼3 fe-yh-@10 yh-ikuh½ ;k bekesfDVu csUtks,V ¼3 xzk-@10 yh- ikuh ½ ;k fQizksfuy ¼2 fe-yh@yh- ikuh½ ;k DyksjsUVªsfuizksys ¼1 fe-yh-@10 yh- ikuh ½ dk iz;ksx djsaA

bl dhV dh bfYy;ka gh {kfr igaqpkrh gaSA ;s cMh la[;k esa ikS/k?kj ,oa [ksr esa fn[kkbZ nsrh gS vkSj ifRr;ksa ds gjs Hkkx d¨ [kk tkrh gSA ifj.kkeLo#i ifRr;ksa ij dsoy f”kjk,a gh 'ks"k jg tkrh gSA rhoz izdksi gksus ij Qly iw.kZr% u"V gks tkrh gSA LikbukslSM ¼3fe-yh-@10 yh- ikuh½ ;k bekesfDVu csUtks,V ¼3 xzk-@10 yh- ikuh ½ ;k fQizksfuy ¼2 fe-yh@yh- ikuh½ ekagw ds izkS<+ o f'k'kq nksuksa ikS/kks ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa ls jl pwldj uqdlku igqpkrs gSaA ,sfQM QwyxksHkh dk jl pwlu ds dkj.k iÙkksa ds ihys iM tkus ls QwyxksHkh dk cktkj Hkko Hkh de gks tkrk gSA esVkflLVkDl 25 bZ- lh-] jksxksj 30 bZlh- ;k bfeMkDyksfizM 17-8 ,l- ,y- dh 1 feyh- ek=k izfr yhVj ek=k dks 600&800 yhVj ikuh esa ?kksydj 15 fnu ds vUrjky ij nks fNM+dko djsaA

bl dhV dh bfYy;ka ikS/kksa dks {kfr igqapkrh gSA ubZ fudyh gqbZ bfYy;ka ,d LFkku ij >aqM esa [kkrh gS

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fnlEcj] 2019 58


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QwyxksHkh esa dhV ,oa jksx vkSj ifRr;ksa esa NksVs&NksVs vusd Nsn dj nsrh gSA blds ckn cquh gqbZ ifRr;ksa ds vUnj [kkrh jgrh gSSA LikbukslSM ¼3 fe-yh-@10 yh- ikuh½ ;k bekesfDVu csUtks,V ¼3 xzk-@10 yh- ikuh ½ ;k fQizksfuy ¼2 fe-yh@yh- ikuh½

bl dhV ds NksVs fMaHkd ifRr;ksa ds fupyh lrg ij jgrs gSA vkSj muesa NksVs&NksVs fNnz cuk nsrs gaSA rhoz izdksi gksus ij NksVs ikS/ks iw.kZr% ifRr;ksa jfgr gks tkrsa gSa vksaSj ej tkrs gSa ;s cMs iksS/kksa ds 'kh”kks aesa fNnz cuk nsrs gas ftues budk ey Hkj jgrk gSA izdksi fn[kkbZ nsrs gh VªkbdksdkMZ VªkcSDVjh @ izxfV;ksle 50-000 v.Ms izfr gS- 5&7 fnu ds vUrjky ij iz;ksx djsA ch0 Vh0 1 fdxzk- izfr- gSfNMdo djsaA

voLFkkvksa esa vkrk gSA i.kZnkx fupyh ifRr;ksa esa gh vkrk gSA bl jksx esa ifRr;ksa ij xksy Hkwjs /kCcs curs gaSA ftlesa NYysnkj fjax Li’V fn[krh gaSA vknzZrk;qDr eksSle esa bUgh /kCcksa ij dkys fctk.kq cu tkrs gaSA dh 2 xzke yhVj ikuh dh nj ls rFkk 0-1 feyh- LVhdj ds lkFk feykdj fNMdko djuk pkfg,A

jksx ikS/k”kkyk ls Qwy cuus rd dHkh Hkh yx ldrk gSA lw{e irys cky tSls lQsn dod rUrq iRRkh ds fupyh lrg ij fn[krs gSaA ifRr;kssa dh fupyh lrg ij tgka dod rUrq fn[krs gSaA ogh ifRr;ksa ds Åijh lrg ij Hkwjs uØksfVd /kCcs curs gSaA eSUdkstsc dkoduk”kh dh 2-5xzke yhVj ikuh dh nj ls jksx dh izkjfEHkd voLFkk esa 6 ls 8 fnu ds vUrjky ij i.khZ; fNM+dko djsaA fjMksfey doduk”kh dh 2 xzke yhVj ikuh ds ?kksy dh nj ls jksx dh vf/kd n”kkvksa esa dsoy ,d ckj fNM+dko djuk pkfg,A

vYVjusfj;k i.kZnkx QwyxksHkh esa c<+okj dh izkjfEHkd voLFkk esa tcfd QwyxksHkh esa ckn dh

izHkkfor ikS/kksa ij gfj;kyh lEkkIr gks tkrh gSA vkSj os ihys iM dj fxj tkrs gaSA ikS/ks ds rus ij xgjs Hkwjs jax dh lMu “kq# gks tkrh gSA vkSj ruk vUnj ls [kks[kyk gks tkrk gSA [kks[kys rus esa dks;ys dh rjg dkys jax dh vk/ks ls ikSus bap ds vkdkj dh fVfDd;ka Hkj tkrh gS o Qwy Hkh lMus yxrs gaSA Qly ij Qwy cuus ls cht cuus rd 10 ls 15 fnu ds vUrjky ij dkcsZUMkfte 50 xzke izfr 100 yhVj ikuh vkSj eSudkstsc 250 xzke izfr 100 yhVj ikuh dk fNM+dko djsaA QwyxksHkh ds gSM dks dkVus dk le; iztkfr ds vuqlku e/; fnlEcj ls vizSy rd eSnkuh {ks= ebZ twu rd Hkh dkVh tkrh gSA vxsrh iztkfr;ksa jksikbZ ds 60 ls 80 fnu ckn rS;kj gks tkrh gSA tcfd iNsrh fdLesa 100 ls 120 fnu essa rS;kj gksrh gSA blfy, iztkfr ds vuqlkj gh dVkbZ djsaA QwyxksHkh dh iSnkokj 500 ls 600 dq- izfr gS izkIr dh tk ldrh gSA mRrj Hkkjr esa vkSlr iSnkokj 300 ls 350 dqizfr gSDVs;j rd vkadh xbZ gSA ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 59


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dapqvk [kkn

tSfod Ñf"k esa dsapqvk [kkn dk egRo vkSj cukus dk rjhdk fo'ofo|ky; ikyeiqj& 176062

Hkk

jr esa çkphu dky esa tSfod —f"k gh dh tkrh Fkh ijUrq tula[;k o`f) ds dkj.k vUu dh deh dks iwjk djus ds fy, gfjr Økafr dk vkxeu gqvk ftlls Qly dh iSnkokj esa rks c<+ksÙkjh gqbZ ijUrq blls Hkwfe dh mitkÅ {kerk ij foijhr vlj iM+kA okrkoj.k] is;ty] LokLF; ij Hkh bldk nq"çHkko iM+kA bu lc phtksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, tSfod —f"k dks c<+kok nsus dk ç;kl fd;k tk jgk gSA fo'o esa 154 ns'kksa esa tSfod —f"k dks c<+kok fn;k tk jgk gSA —f"k mRiknu eas jlk;u jfgr inkFkksaZ] LoLFk tyok;q] ikS/kksa o tehu laj{k.k ds fy, dsoy tSfod [ksrh gh ,d ek= fodYi gAS fgekpy çns'k —f"k fo'ofo|ky; ikyeiqj esa ns'k dk igyk tSfod —f"k foHkkx LFkkfir fd;k x;k gS tks fd tSfod —f"k rduhd lEca/kh 'kks/k esa dk;Zjr gS vkSj bl foHkkx esa fiNys 12 o"kksaZ ls tSfod [ksrh dh tk jgh gSA bldk mís'; tSfod [ksrh esa mi;qä Qly ,e-,-lh-

fnlEcj] 2019 60

pØ] tSfod inkFkksaZ dk ç;ksx] mi;qä çtkfr;ksa dk /;ku] ikS/k jksx] dhV laj{k.k o [kjirokj fu;a==.k] vfufjä inkFkksaZ dk O;ogkfjd ç;ksx ds lkFk&lkFk vU; fodYi dks [kkstuk gSA

dsapqvk [kkn tSfod [ksrh dk ,d vfHkUu vax gSA dsapqvk [kkn dks fdlku de ykxr esa vklkuh ls vius [ksrksa ds ikl vFkok viuh xkS'kkyk ds ikl cuk ldrk gSA dsapqvk [kkn ,d tSfod [kkn gS tks fd [ksrksa dh moZjrk dks c<+kus ds lkFk&lkFk Hkwfe dk Hkh lq/kkj djrh gSA bl [kkn dks cukdj fdlku ,d vPNk jkstxkj Hkh ik ldrk gSA bl [kkn dks dsapqvksa dh lgk;rk ls cuk;k tkrk gSA dsapq, Hkh nks çdkj ds gksrs gSaA ftlesa ,d [kkn dks HkqjHkwjh djrs gSa vkSj nwljs feêh dks HkqjHkwjh djrs gSa] tks dsapq, [kkn dks HkqjHkwjh djrs gaS


hindi.krishijagran.com

mudh nks çtkfr;ka gksrh gSa ¼vkbZlhfu;k QksfVMk vkSj ;qfMªyl ;wtSuh½ ;s irys vkSj yky jax ds gksrs gSa vkSj nwljs dsapq, tks feêh dks HkqjHkwjh djrs gaS os xgjs Hkwjs jax ds eksVs vkSj yEcs gksrs gSa ftUgsa yksdy Hkk"kk esa gyokM+s dgrs gSaA dsapqvk [kkn cukus ds fy, xkscj] ?kkl&ifÙk;ksa rFkk dsapqvksa dh vko';drk gksrh gSA dsapqvk [kkn cukusa ds fy, xïs dk vkdkj 10x5x2-5 QqV gksuk pkfg,A bl vkdkj ds vuqlkj 800 fdyks xkscj] 400 fdyks ?kkl&ifÙk;ka vkSj 1&2 fdyks dsapq, pkfg,- ;g [kkn 60&80 fnuksa esa rS;kj gks tkrh gSA dsapqvk [kkn cukus ds fy, 10&30 fMxzh rkieku vkSj 30&40 çfr'kr ueh pkfg,A

rkieku dk irk yxkus ds fy, ge viuk gkFk [kkn ds chp esa Mky nsxsa u rks ;g T;knk xeZ u rks T;knk BaMk gksuk pkfg, vkSj ueh dk irk yxkus ds fy, ge [kkn dks dqnkyh dh lgk;rk ls [kksnsaxsa vkSj ns[ksxsa fd vxj [kkn dsapqvksa ds lkFk fpid jgh gS bldk eryc blesa ueh dh deh gSA tc [kkn rS;kj gks tkrh gS rks ,d fnu igys xïs ds chp esa txg cukdj dPpk xkscj Mky nsrs gSa rkfd lkjs dsapq, mlesa pys tk,a vkSj rS;kj [kkn dks fudkyuk vklku gks tk,A ;fn ge dPpk xkscj ugha Mkyrs gaS rks lkjs dsapq, Hkh [kkn ds lkFk pysa tk,axsA

dapqvk [kkn

dsapqvk [kkn cukus ds fy, lcls igys Nk;knkj txg dk p;u djsa ftlesa ikuh dk iwjk fudkl gks] dgha Hkh ikuh ugha [kM+k gksuk pkfg,A fQj xïs dks vkdkj ds vuqlkj lery djds ikuh dk fNM+dko djsa- mlesa ?kkl dh 5&6 bZap ijr MkysaA igyh ijr esa ,slk ?kkl Mkysa tks tYnh xys lM+s u tSls ckal ds iÙks] dsys ds iÙks ;k /kku dk iqvky bR;kfnA nwljh ijr esa 2&4 bZap xkscj dh ijr MkysaA blh Øe dks nksgjkrs jgsa tc rd dh xïk Hkj u tk,A dspqvksa dks xkscj dh nwljh ijr esa fo[ksj nsa] blds fy, igys 2 bZap xkscj dh ijr cuk,a fQj mlesa dsapq, fc[ksj nsaA bu dsapqvksa dks fQj 2bZap xkscj dh ijr ls <+d nsaA dsapqvksa esa vMsa] ddqu vkSj cMs dsapq, gksus pkfg, rkfd os vkxs Hkh c<+rs jgsaA /;ku jgs çR;sd ijr esa ikuh dk fNM+dko djsaA lfnZ;ksa esa lIrkg esa 2&3 ckj ikuh dk fNM+dko djsa vkSj xfeZ;ksa esa 4&5 ckj ikuh dk fNMdko djsaA 10x5x2-5 QqV vkdkj ds vuqlkj 6&8 fd.Vy [kkn çkIr dh tk ldrh gSA ,d eghus ds ckn bl [kkn dks QkSM+s dh lgk;rk ls iyVk nsa rkfd ;g vPNh rjg ls xy lM+ tk, fQj bls ?kkl ls <+d nsaA dsapqvk [kkn dks rhu çdkj ds xïksa esa rS;kj fd;k tk ldrk gSaA tehu ij xïk cukdj] IykfLVd ij vkSj lhesaV ds xïs ij [kkn cukus dh rjhdk lcesa ,d tSlk gh gksxkA dsapqvk [kkn esa lfCt;ksa ds fNydkas dk Hkh ç;ksx dj ldrs gSaA ijUrq /;ku jgs vnjd] I;kt] yglqu] uhacw] larjs bR;kfn ds fNydksa dk bLrseky u djsaA buls dsapq, Hkkx tkrs gS vkSj [kkn rS;kj ugha gksrh gSA

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larjs vkSj dsys dh mUur [ksrh ds fy, ^foyksoqM* us fdlkuksa dks fn;k izf’k{k.k

la

rjk vkSj dsyk e/; çns'k esa ,d vfr egRoiw.kZ ckxokuh Qlykas ds :i esa mHkj jgh gSa ,oa fdlkuksa ds fy, vk; dk ,d csgrj fodYi curk tk jgk gSA foyksoqM Ø‚i lkbalsl us Hkh fdlkukas dh le`f) dks çlLr djus esa viuk lg;ksx fd;k ,oa lkbalsl ds }kjk larjs dh Qly dks dsaæ esa j[krs gq, ,d ÞØ‚i lsehukjß dk vk;kstu fd;kA Ø‚i lsehukj dk vk;kstu dkuM ds lksuh esfjt xkMsZu esa] 22 flrEcj dks fd;k x;k ftlesa dkuM ,oa vkxj ds vklikl ds {ks=ksa ls larjs dh [ksrh djus okys çxfr 'khy ,oa tkx:d fdlkuksa dks vkeaf=r fd;k x;kA larjk dkuM] vkxj ,oa mlds vklikl ds {ks= esa mxkbZ tkus okyh ,d çeq[k Qly gS ,oa {ks= ds cM+s ,oa çxfr'khy fdlkukas ds }kjk larjs dh [ksrh ,d cM+h ykxr ds lkFk dh tkrh gSA lkFk gh foyksoqM Ø‚i lkbalsl ds }kjk dsys dh [ksrh dks dsaæ esa j[krs gq, Hkh ,d ÞØ‚i lsehukjß dk vk;kstu fd;kA Ø‚i lsehukj dk vk;kstu cqjgkuiqj esa rqylh eky ds ikl gksVy xzkaM f'koe~ esa] 21 flrEcj dks fd;k x;k ftleas cqjgkuiqj ,oa vklikl ds {ks=ksa ls dsys dh [ksrh djus okys çxfr 'khy ,oa tkx:d fdlkuksa dks vkeaf=r fd;k x;k ,oa dsys dh Qly ds çca/ku dh laiw.kZ oSKkfud tkudkjh fdlkuksa dks nh xbZ rkfd dsys dh [ksrh ls de ykxr esa vf/kd ls vf/kd mRiknu çkIr fd;k tk ldsA Ø‚i lsehukjksa esa foyksoqM ls vk, —f"k rduhdh fo'ks"kK ,oa Mhth,e ekdsZfVax] foosd jLrksxh us bl ckr ij tksj fn;k dh larjs vkSj dsys dh [ksrh dks Qk;ns dk lkSnk dSls cuk;k tk,A mUgksaus [ksr dh rS;kjh ls ysdj] ikS/k ds p;u] cqokbZ] flpkbZ çca/ku] [kjirokj fu;a=.k] [kknksa ds lrqfyr ç;ksx] de yxkr esa dhVksa o chekfj;ksa dk lQy fu;a=.k ,oa xq.koÙkk ;qä Qly o`f) dkjdksa ds ç;ksx ij foLr`r :i ls ppkZ dhA jLrksxh us crk;k fd ÞczkaM nkusnkjß ,d uspqjy LVsj‚y dsfeLVªh ij vk/kkfjr mRikn gS ftlesa mifLFkr fLVXek&LVsj‚y o dsEisLVªksy ikS/ks esa tSo&jklk;fud fØ;kvksa dks mRifr dj ikS/ks ds lEiw.kZ fodkl esa lg;ksx djrk gSA ;g e`nk vuqdwyd gS tks e`nk lq/kkj ds fy, vR;ar mi;ksxh gS rFkk rRoksa ds vo'kks"k.k esa lgk;rk djrk gSA czkaM nkusnkj dh 4 fdyks ek=k ,d ,dM+ larjs dh Qly vkSj dsys ds ,d gtkj ikS/kksa ds fy, i;kZIr gSA vkxs tkudkjh nsrs gq, jLrksxh us crk;k fd foyksoqM ds ikl ,d vfr fo'ks"k uSuks rduhdh ij vk/kkfjr] vkaB~oh

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ihM+h dk ikS/k o`f) mRikn ÞfoyckaMß gS tks Qwy o Qyksa esa vR;f/kd o`f) dj mRiknu esa Hkkjh o`f) djrk gS lkFk lkFk mRikn dh xq.koÙkk dks Hkh mÙke curk gS ftlls mldk cktkj esa vPNk Hkko feyrk gSA foyckaM ikS/ks esa çfrjks/kd {kerk dks c<+krk gS rFkk rkieku] ueh o lw[ks tSlh foijhr ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ruko de dj tSo&jklk;fud fØ;kvksa dks fu;a=.k djrk gS rFkk Qwyksa dks >M+us ls Hkh jksdrk gSA Ø‚i lsehukjksa esa larjs vkSj dsys esa yxus okys dhV o jksxksa ij Hkh fp=ksa ds ek/;e ls foLr`r ppkZ dh xbZA jLrksxh th us crk;k] dhV fu;a=.k ds fy, buksosfDl;k] foytks'k rFkk jksx fu;a=.k ds fy, osysDlVªk] Fkhe] vkfn foyksoqM ds vPNs mRikn gSa ftudk lgh le;] lgh ek=k o lgh rduhd ls ç;ksx djus ls fdlku mfpr ykHk dek ldrs gSaA blds vkykok mUgksaus foyksoqM ds ,d vkSj ,d vR;ar çHkko'kgyh mRikn osysDlVªk dh tkudkjh nsrs gq, crk;k dh mlls dsys ds lHkh QQwan vkSj thok.kq tfur jksxksa ls j{kk dh tk ldrh gS D;kasfd osysDlVªk foyksoqM dk Lo;a dh 'kks/k ls fodflr ,d isVsUVsM mRikn gS tks QQwan uk'kd ds lkFk ,aVhck;ksfVd Hkh gS ,oa blds dsys ds dikZ jksx ¼flaxkVksdk½ ij cgqr vPNs ifj.kke ns[ks x, gSA jLrksxh th us crk;k dh vxj dsys esa ikSaxs Hkjus ds fy, foyckaM 30 xzke ,oa osysDlVªk 400 feyh dk ç;ksx çfr ,d gtkj ikS/ks dh nj ls fd;k tk, rks mlds cgqr gh mRlkgtud ifj.kke feyrs gSaA lsehukjksa ds var esa fdlkuksa ds fofHkUu lokyksa dks mÙkfjr dj mudh leL;kvksa dk lek/kku fd;k x;kA ,d loky dk mÙkj nsrs gq, foykscqM ds jhtuy esustj latho frokjh th us crk;k fd dqN dkj.kksa ls dhVuk'kdksa dh {kerk dk iw.kZ mi;ksx ugha gks ikrk ftlds dkj.k mudh dk;Z {kerk çHkkfor gksrh gSA mUgksaus crk;k fd dhVuk'kd ds lkFk 0-5 feyh çfr yhVj ikuh dh nj ls Þfofydkuß dks feykus ls dhVuk'kdksa dk vlj c<k;k tk ldrk gSA vk;kstu dk 'kqHkkjEHk nhi çTToyu ls fd;k x;kA nhi çTToyu foosd jLrksxh ¼Mhth,e ekdsZfVax] foyksoqM½] latho frokjh ¼jhtuy esustj½] vfu#) ;kno ¼ekdsZfVax esustj½] çse flag lksyadh ¼VsjhVjh esustj½ o foyksoqM ds {ks=h; forjd f'k)ukFk th pkS/kjh ¼pkS/kjh —f"k lsok dsaæ& dkuM½ vkSj cqjgkuiqj esa {ks=h; forjd ;ksxs”k tks”kh th ¼egs”k ck;ksQfVZykbZtj] cqjgkuiqj½ us fd;k Ø‚i lsehukjksa dk lapkyu vfu#) ;kno th us fd;kA


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Profile for Krishi Jagran

Krishi Jagran Hindi December 2019  

KRISHI JAGRAN & AGRICULTURE WORLD is the largest circulated rural family magazine in India, the reason behind its prodigious presence is as...

Krishi Jagran Hindi December 2019  

KRISHI JAGRAN & AGRICULTURE WORLD is the largest circulated rural family magazine in India, the reason behind its prodigious presence is as...

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