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agro technology

www.krishijagran.com

Smart Agro Technology for

COFFEE plantations

38

Vinod Kumar Kodakkat, CEO, Padivayal Enterprise

Dr. Srinath Ramamoorthy, Consultant Advisor

C

offee was introduced to India in the 17th century by Baba Budan, a Sufi saint who is said to have returned from his pilgrimage with seven raw beans from the port of Mocha, Yemen. A century later, the British began establishing coffee plantations, primarily in Southern India, to scale commercial cultivation. Today, India is the 6th largest producer of coffee in the world, and most of the coffee is grown in plantations spread across the Western Ghats in South India, mainly in Wayanad, Coorg and Chikmagalur. These areas are best suited for growing high quality coffee as they are located at altitudes ranging from 3300 feet to 4900 feet, and have been blessed with welldefined seasons, fertile soil, lush vegetation, trees and forests with shade, sunshine, and abundant rainfall. There are over 100 species of coffee worldwide of which Coffea Arabica commonly known as Arabica, characterized by flat and elongated beans, and Coffea Canephora AGRICULTURE

WORLD

NOVEMBER 2017

commonly known as Robusta, with rounded shaped beans, are the two main species that are grown economically. While each species of coffee has several unique characteristics and vulnerabilities, their environment, climate, sunlight, soil, rainfall, moisture and nutrient requirements are largely similar and crucial for their growth and sustenance. However, their susceptibility to adverse weather conditions and diseases varies significantly, requiring the use of special care and techniques to protect them and get the best out of the crop. In India, nearly 70% of the coffee plantation area is used to grow Robusta and the remaining is reserved for Arabica. This is the opposite in most other coffee growing countries like Brazil, Colombia and Mexico. Coffee requires adequate water supply every season and throughout its life cycle. The dormant period of the flower buds of the Robusta and Arabica coffee is broken after a dry stress period and followed by suffi-

Profile for Krishi Jagran

Agriculture world November 2017  

Krishi Jagran, India's No.1 How to grow more agri-production with latest scientific methods events, news, information, product- launch, spor...

Agriculture world November 2017  

Krishi Jagran, India's No.1 How to grow more agri-production with latest scientific methods events, news, information, product- launch, spor...

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