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DETECTING AND TREATING CANCER Detecting: Biopsy- tissue is taken and examined MRI- gathers images of the body Blood and DNA Tests- can detect certain types of cancers Treating: There are many different ways to treat cancer. Three ways are surgery to remove the tumors, chemotherapy to kill the cancer cells, and radiation therapy kills the cells as well. LOWERING YOUR RISK Ways to reduce your risk of cancer are to not smoke since ingredients in the tobacco are carcinogenic, safeguard your skin to protect yourself from UV rays, stay active and maintain a healthy weight, and get regular medical checkups to make sure you don’t already have cancer.

Living with Diabetes INSULIN Insulin is a hormone that causes cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream. Diabetes is a disorder in which cells are unable to obtain glucose from the blood such that high bloodglucose levels result. When the body does not produce or respond enough to insulin, diabetes results since there is nothing to take in the glucose.

Lifestyle Diseases

TYPES OF DIABETES Type 1 Diabetes develops when the immune system attacks the insulinproducing cells of the pancreas which destroys them and the body is now unable to produce insulin. Type 2 Diabetes is where the pancreas still produces insulin, but the cells fail to respond to the glucose and results in glucose buildup in the blood, and the body is then unable to use glucose as a source of fuel. DETECTING AND TREATING DIABETES To detect diabetes, visit your doctor to see if you have the symptoms of diabetes, and test your urine, glucose levels, and insulin levels. Treatment: Type 1- People with type one diabetes have to check their blood glucose everyday and take doses of insulin injections to keep their body normal Type 2- With type two, the main focus is to control your diet by limiting the amount of glucose in the foods you eat and exercising daily. PREVENTION

Many people can prevent diabetes by maintaining a healthy weight by eating and exercising right, avoid tobacco products, and reduce stress in your life.

Kirsten Rice February 28, 2013 4th I have abided by the HFA honorcode in completing this assignment.

KIRSTEN RICE


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Lifestyle and Lifestyle Diseases Lifestyle diseases are diseases that are cause partly by unhealthy behaviors and party by other factors.

WHAT CAUSES LIFESTYLE DISEASES? Habits, behaviors, and practices by a person along with age, gender, and genes can cause or contribute to the chance of developing a lifestyle disease. Controllable Risk Factors -diet and body weight -daily levels of physical activity -smoking and alcohol usage Uncontrollable Risk Factors -age -ethnicity -heredity

ACTIONS YOU CAN TAKE By eating a healthier diet, exercising regularly, not smoking, and limit alcohol use, you can reduce the risk in developing a lifestyle disease. Even if heredity is in the picture, by choosing healthy foods to combat heart disease, you reduce the risk of developing it.

Cardiovascular Diseases HOW CAN LIFESTYLE CONTRIBUTE TO CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE? Certain foods and not exercising properly (or at all) can result in cardiovascular disease such as heart attack, stroke, atherosclerosis, and high blood pressure. HEART ATTACK A heart attack is a sudden loss of blood flow to the heart muscle. Heart attacks are caused by blood clots being stuck in a coronary artery reducing blood flow to the heart, enough to trigger a heart attack. Warning signs are uncomfortable pressure or pain in the center of the chest for more than a few minutes, pain spreading to shoulders, neck, and arms. Lightheadedness, fainting, sweating, and nausea can occur as well. STROKE Strokes are sudden attacks of weakness or paralysis that occur when a blood vessel in the brain bursts or becomes blocked. Symptoms of stroke are sudden numbness or weakness of the face, an arm, or a leg, trouble seeing in on or both eyes, sudden dizziness or loss of coordination, and sudden severe headache with no known cause.

ATHEROSCLEROSIS Atherosclerosis is the buildup of fatty materials on the inside walls of the arteries. These fatty materials are fatty deposits known as plaques and they interfere with blood flow. This is dangerous because these deposits can break free and release clots into the blood stream and if one gets caught in the coronary arteries, it can result in a heart attack, or if the clot lodges in the brain, it can result in a stroke. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE Blood pressure is the force that blood exerts against the inside walls of a blood vessel. When the pressure is too high, it puts strain on the vessel walls and on the heart. With blood pressure being too high, it can cause a heart attack, failure of the heart, and damage to kidneys and eyes. DETECTING AND TREATING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES Detecting: Electrocardiogram- also called an ECG or EKG, the EKG tests the electrical activity of the heart, so it can detect damage to the heart and irregular beats Angiography- dye is injected into the coronary arteries to see if the dye travels through and looks for blockages in the arteries Treating: Two treatments are changing your diet and exercise and taking certain medicines that can help lower your risk of cardiovascular disease.

LOWERING YOUR RISK There are many ways in which you can lower your risk for cardiovascular disease: keep your weight near recommended levels, don’t smoke, exercise, watch blood pressure and cholesterol, and relax. All of these ways can keep you in check for in living a healthy life.

Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth. CAUSES Viruses- certain viruses, like human papilloma virus (HPV) can cause cancer Radioactivity and UV Radiation- being exposed to these rays, sunlight or tanning beds Chemicals in tobacco smoke- arsenic, benzene, and formaldehyde are all carcinogens TYPES Breast- cancer of the tissue of the breast; more common in women but can also be found in men Respiratory-cancer of the lungs, larynx, and or bronchus Leukemia- cancer of the tissues that produce blood; more common in males than females


Chapter 14 Brochure Wellness