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mdi,a ±,amkaÿj l=reKE.,g iskakfjhs

f.%fkavdfjka f,dal Y+r;djg tk fmr<sldrhd lsrdks fÊïia

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2

lsf,da óg¾ 670 .sh Trail uyd md .uk furg iudc i;aldrl by<u ±laula —md

.uk by<hs' m%h;akh id¾:lhs' úYsIag iudc i;aldrhla˜ fï miq.shÞ furg cd;sl mqj;am;a we;=¿j úúO ck udOHhkaj, m<jQ tfiau lshejqKq isria;, lSmhls' tf,i m%Yxid;aul isria;, ,nkakg ;rï fï md .uk ixúOdkd;aujl isÿ jQjls' úúO iudc i;aldrhka Wfoid miq.sh ldf,a isÿ jQ md .uka w;rg fuu md .uk;a by<ska igyka ;nhs' md .uk .sfha Y%S ,xldfõ ol=fKa isg W;=rgh' cQ,s ui 1 jeksÞ ol=fKa foõkaor m%§md.drh wi,ska we/UqKq md .uk wjika jqfKa W;=f¾ fmaÿre ;=vqfjks' Èk 27l§ md .uk lsf,da óg¾ 670l ÿrla .sfhah' .ukg

uekak iïmQ¾K mshjr .Kk kj ,CIhls' .uk kï fldg ;snqfKa trail "A Journey by the living for life" lshdh' th Ôj;aj isákakka Ôú;h Wfoid isÿ l< i;a l%shdjls' fï ±jeka; md .uk .sfha hdmkh uyd frdayf,a ms<sld frda.Ska Wfoid jdÜgqjla f.dv kexùu fjkqfjka wruqo,la f.dv kxjkakgh' md .uk fufyhjkq ,enqfõ "Clours of courage trust" kï moku úisks'


3

by<hs' lsisÿ fíohla fkd;ld wfma ck;dj fï i;a l%shdjg wdOdr lrkjd' fuh Y%S ,xldfõ ienE Ôj .=Khla'˜ md .ukg mQ¾K iyfhda.h ÿka wh w;r furg m%lg l%Svl l%Säldjka /ila isáhy' j¾;udk Y%S ,xld l%slÜ kdhl ;s,lr;ak ä,aIdka" ysgmq kdhlhska jk ufya, chj¾Ok" l=ud¾ ix.laldr" wrúkao o is,ajd" fndlaisx l%Svlhska jk wkqreoaO r;akdhl iy uxcq jkakswdrÉÑ" iqmsß u,, l%Säld ouhka;s o¾Yd iy l%slÜ l%Svl wekacf,da ue;sõia tA w;ßka lemS fmKqkdy'

iqm%lg udia iuQy jHdmdrh;a" mokfï Ndrlrejl= yd udia iuQy jHdmdrfha iuQy wOHCI vhka f.dauia uy;d;a tys fiajl uvq,a,;a fuys,d m%uqL;ajhla f.k l%shd l<y' tÞ md .uk wdrïN l< Èk vhka f.dauia uy;d fujeks m%ldYhla lf<ah' —fmdÿ wruqKla fjkqfjka wfma rg tla;eka jk wjia:djla' fï fjkqfjka wmj Èßu;a l< ish¨fokd .ek uu wdvïnrjkjd'˜ md .uk hk w;r jdrfha§ f.dauia uyd; fuf,io mejiSh' —wmg ,efnk m%;spdr b;du


4

fï ljqre;a .ukg iyNd.s jqfKa ±ä WfoHd.hlsks' md .ukg tla fjñka .ufka wjidk Èk§ m%ldYhla lrñka iqmsß l%slÜ l%Svl l=ud¾ ix.laldr lSfõ W;=ï wruqKla fmr±ß lr.;a fï iudc i;aldrhg yjq,a ùug ,eîu ;udf.a Ôú;fha wu;l fkdjk isÿùula njhs' .uk fjkqfjka md¾,sfïka;= uka;%S kdu,a rdcmCI uy;d ±lajQ iyfhda.h;a wu;l l< fkdyelsh' tf,iu furg l,dlrejka ix.S; Ys,amSka ±lajQ

iyho lemS fmKqks' .uk wjika l< cQ,s 27 jeksÞ hdmfka ck;dj 3000 ixúOdhlhska iu. wjidkh f;la .uka l<y' th furg W;=r yd ol=fKa iqyo;ajh u;= l< wjia:djla úh' .ufka ixúOdk lghq;=j,g Wrfoñka iïmQ¾K lsf,da óg¾ 670l .uka l< udia iuQy jHdmdrfha úOdhl ks,OdÍka jk fk;ka isj.kd;ka iy idßkao Wkïnqj fofokdu ;u b,lalh lrd


5 <Õd ùu .ek i;=gq is;ska l;d l<y' fï jk úg hdmfka frdayf,a ms<sld frda. ksjdrK jdÜgqj f.dv kxjkakg Wjukd uqo,ska jeä m%udKhla wruqo,g ner fldg yudrh' uq,a., ;enQ tys lghq;= ksu lrkakg" md .uk fufyh jQ mokug yels nj ldg;a úYajdih' wfma tlu m%d¾:kdj;a th by<skau ksu lrkq ±lSuh'

rejka fiakdr;ak


6

l%Svdjg fiajh lrkak ks, ;, wjYH keye j

¾;udkfha Y%S ,xldfõ fndlaixs l%v S dj i|yd hq. fufyjrla bgqlrk Y%S ,xld fndlaixs ix.ufha ysgmq iNdm;sjrhl= jk vhka f.dauia uy;d l%v S dfõ wkd.;h iy miq.h s Þ ;snQ —;rKh md.uk˜ .ek —l%v S d ú;a;˜s iÕrdj iu. l< ms<i s |rls'

 ld¾h nyq, jHdmdßlhl= jk Tn fï m%cd i;aldrl jevigyk flfrys fhduqjkafka fldfyduo@ wuq;f = jka fhduqùula keye' tAl;a jHdmdßl lghq;j = ,u fldgila' tA lshkafka wms jHdmdr lghq;j = ,ska hï m%;, s dNhla ,nkjd kï tAjdhska fldgila iudc iqnidOkh i|yd fhoúh hq;h = s hk m%;m s ;a;f s ha uu bkakjd'  idudkHfhka Tn;=ud m%ios O a ù isákafka fndlaixs l%v S dj m%h s lrk" fndlaixs l%v S dj ,xldfõ ÈhqKq lsÍug fjfyfik flfkla yeáhg' we;a;gu Tn leue;s fndlaixs l%v S djg muKo@ fndlaixs lshkafka ux b;d l=vd ld,fha isgu m%h s lrk l%v S djla' mdi,a hk ldf, b|kau uu fndlaixs l%v S d l<d' 1973 § uu lksIG a fndlaixs Y+r;dj,sfha flyweight nr mka;f s ha Y+rhd jqKd' cd;sl yd cd;Hka;r jYfhka oCI;d fmkakï q l<" l%v S djka 21l l%v S l l%ä S ldjka 100la muK wm

vhka f.dauia wdh;kj, fiajh lrkjd' wms Tjqkg a fyd¢ka i,lkjd'  Tfí jHdmdßl lghq;= l%v S d lghq;= iy iudc fiajd lghq;= hkd§ fï iEu lghq;; a lau fidh,d n,d lrkak Tng ld,hla jehl< yelso@ idudkHfhka uu lsiu s ld¾hhla wudrehs wmyiqhs lsh,d w;yßkafka keye' tAjf.auhs tAjd mg,jdf.k uf.a jHdmdßl lghq;; = a mqo. a ,sl lghq;; = a wvd, lr.kafka keye'  fyd|hs tfyukï Tn <ÕÈ Èh;a l< hdmkfha <ud ms<l s d frday, iE§fï ld¾hhfhys iq,uq, wmg lshkak n,kak' uyr.u cd;sl ms<l s d wdh;kfha mj;sk wvqmdvq wmyiq;d .ek wmj

±kqj;a lf<a tu frdayf,a wOHCI ffjoH l‚Ial lreKdr;ak uy;d' t;=udf.a meyeÈ,s lsÍï wkqj uyr.u ms<l s d frdayf,a meje;s ;dCI‚l WmlrK ysÕh iy f.dvke.s,j s , wvqmdvq u.yrjd .ekSu i|yd wdh;k lSmhl m%OdkSka tl;=lr,d wruqo,la ilia lr.;a;d' th y÷kajkafka —l,¾ia T*a lf¾Ê˜ lsh,d' fï wruqo, b;d Yla;u s ;a tlla' tys m%OdkSka rfÜ ms<. s ;a Woúh' fï ksid wmg b;d flá l,lska uyr.u ms<l s d frday,g ±ä i;aldr tAllhla iy remsh,a ñ,sh 60l ;dCI‚l WmlrK mß;Hd. lrkak mq¿jka jqKd' fï frdayf,a ±ä i;aldr tlalh ±kgu;a yo,d bjrhs' ±ka bÈß foi;sh ;=< rchg Ndr§u isÿlrkjd'

.re md¾,sfïka;= uka;%S kdu,a rdcmCI ue;s;=ud wdrïNl Èkfha;a" wjidk Èkfha;a wm yd tlaù Woõ l<d' Y%S ,xld l%slÜ lKAvdhfï ysgmq kdhlhka jk ufya, chj¾Ok iy l=ud¾ ix.laldr iy j;auka kdhl ;s,lr;ak ä,aIdka" È,aydr m%kdkaÿ" pdur is,ajd" *¾fõia uyre*a" ud,sx. nKAvdr" wekacf,da ue;sõia" uxcq jkakswdrÉÑ" wkqreoaO r;akdhl" ouhka;s o¾Yd" wkQId fldä;=jlal=" ks,añ‚ chisxy wdÈ l%Svd f,dfõ ckm%sh l%Svl l%Säldjka /ila iy ud,kS f*dkafiald" WfmaCId iaj¾Kud,S" wk¾l,S wdl¾Id" Nd;sh-ika;=Ia wdÈ fndfyda msßia fï .ukg tl;=fj,d wmj Èßu;a l<d'


7  t;fldg hdmfka ms<sld frday, ye§u .ek f;dr;=re fudkjdo@ uyr.u ms<sld frdayf,a wOHCi ffjoH l‚Ial lreKdr;ak uy;df.a ±vq jqjukdjla ;snqKd' rfÜ ieu m<d;lu frda.Ska uyr.u frday,g f.k tAu kj;ajd tA i|yd jk m%;sldr l, yels wdh; lSmhla isß,l isõfldfka idojkak' Tyq wmg lreKq meyeÈ,s l<d' úfYaIfhka hdmkh we;=¿ W;=re m<df;ka tk frda.Ska iEfyk wmyiq;dj,ska fmf,kjd' ÿr neyer m%Yakh iy NdId m%Yakh ksid' thg úi÷ula f,i hdmfka ms<sld frday,la ia:dmkh lsÍfï yeÕSu Tyqg ;snqKd' l,¾ia t*a lf¾Ê ixúOdkhg fuh ±kaùu;a iu. wmg is;=ú,a,la wdjd fldfyduyß fïl l< hq;=hs lsh,d' uf.a ñ;% ißkao Wkïnqj fhdackd l<d —wms frday,g wdOdr ms‚i md.ukla huq fojqkaor ;=vqfõ b|, fmaÿre ;=gqjg˜ lsh,' fï ;ldjg kdoka isj.Kkdoka uy;d;a tl;= jqKd' 2011 cQ,s udifha 1 jeksÞ fojqkaor ;=vqfjka .re kdu,a rdcmCI ue;s;=udf.a ix×fjka iqn kel;ska wdrïN l< fï .uk lsf,daóg¾ 670la ÿrhs' fï ÿr .uk hkak uxcq jkakswdrÉÑ ^fndlaisx lS%vl&" ix§md i|ud,S ^lvq igka l%Säld&" p;=ßld uhqß ^r.¾ l%Säld7" bkaÿ lreKd;s,l ^u,, l%Säld&" hkd§ka o iafõÉPdfjka tl;= jqKd' uxcq jkakswdrÉÑ fï md .ukg tlajk nj wdrxÑ jQ ú.iu 17 oyila muK msßi uqo,a mß;Hd. lrkakg mgka .;a;d' tys jákdlu remsh,a ñ,shh 7la' úfYaIfhka wka;¾c,dh Tiafia fuh m%pdrhùu;a iu. f,dalfha oi foiska wdOdr Wmldr .,d tAug mgka.;a;d'  md.ufka hoa§ idudkH ck;djf.ka ,enqKq m%;spdr fldfyduo@ b;d úYsIaghs' wm md.uk wdrïN l, ojfia mgka leg wrka mdf¾ weúoaÞ' iEu f.orlskau remsh,la yß mß;Hd. l,d' tys§ mx;s fNao" cd;s fNao" l=, fNao ;snqfKa keye' mdf¾ ysÕuka hÈñka Ôj;ajk È<skaokaf. mgka uyd Ok l=fõrfhda olajd wmsg úúO m%udkfhka uqo,a mß;Hd. l,d' l=vd <uqka wdidfjka tl;=lrf.k isá ldis legh tfyu msákau wmg Ndr ÿkakd'  t;fldg W;=re m%foaYfha§ ,enqKq m%;spdr fldfyduo@ ux ys;kjd hdmfka ck;djf.ka b;d úYsIaG m%;spdr ,enqKd' wfkla w;g Tjqkag mqÿudldr úYajdihla f.dvkeÕ=Kd ol=fKa ck;djf.a mß;Hd.YS,s;ajhg' Tjqkao ysia uqÿka § uy;a wdvïnrfhka f.!rjfhka wmj ms<s.;a;d muKla fkdfjhs úYd, m%udKfhka uqo,ska wdOdr l<d' úfYaIfhka uxcq jkakswdrÉÑ" ufya, chj¾Ok" l=udr ix.laldr hkd§ka hdmkfha§ md.ukg tl;=ùu;a úfYaIhla'  fï md.ukg tl;= jQ úfYaI wuq;af;da ljqo@ .re md¾,sfïka;= uka;%S kdu,a rdcmCI ue;s;=ud wdrïNl Èkfha;a" wjidk Èkfha;a wm yd tlaù Woõ l,d' Y%S ,xld l%slÜ lKAvdhfï ysgmq kdhlhka jk ufya, chj¾Ok iy l=udr ix.laldr iy j;auka kdhl ;s,lr;ak ä,aId" È,aydr m%kdkaÿ" pdur is,ajd" *¾fõia uyre*a" ud,x. nKAvdr" wekacf,da ue;sõia" uxcq jkakswdrÉÑ" wkqreoaO r;akdhl" ouhka;s o¾Yd" wkQId fldä;=jlal=" ks,añ‚ chisxy wd§ l%Svd f,dfõ ckm%sh l%Svl l%Säldjka /ila iy ud,kS f*dkafiald" WfmaCId iaj¾Kud,S" wk¾l,S wdl¾Id" Nd;sh-ika;=Ia wd§ fndfyda msßia fï .ukg tl;=fj,d wmj Èßu;a l<d' úfYaIfhka i|yka l< hq;af;a ,xldfõ jHdmdßl ±jeka;hska /ilao fï i|yd tl;= jqKd lsh,d'  fï md.ukska fldmuK uqo,la tl;=jqKdo@ ±kgu;a wjYH uqof,ka remsh,a fldaá 150la muK fidhdf.k ;sfnkjd' wm ±ka frday, i|yd uq,a., ;n,d wjika' tu f.dvke.s,a, yokak jir folla muK hdú'  fï ish,a, wjika ùfuka miq Tng fudkjo ysf;kafka@

wms yeufj,dfju hym;a is;ska hym;a foaj,a' fyd| foaj,a lrkak mgka.kak ´fka' fyd| foaj,a lrkfldg ljqre l=uk ndOdl we;s l<;a ld¾hh id¾:l fjkjd' ñksiiq Woõ lrkjd'  l%Svdj;a iudc i;aldrh;a w;r Tng ±fkk fjki l=ulao@ lsisu fjkila keye' l%Svdfjka wm n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkafka i;=g' úfkdaoh" ch.%yKh" iudc fiajd lsÍfukq;a wm n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkafka hym;a foa lr,d n,k msx is;hs' tu.ska ,efnk i;=ghs' tmuKhs'  furg fndlaisx l%Svdfõ j¾;udkh ;;a;ajh .ek Tfí woyia@ fndlaisx l%Svdfõ j¾;udk ;;a;ajh b;d hym;a' m<uq fm< lKAvdhula fukau fojeks fmf<a l%Svlhska mqyqKq fjñka bkakjd' wo bkaÈhdfjkq;a ldka;d mqyqkq lsÍfï lKAvdhula f.k;a mqyqKqj ,ndfokjd'  cd;Hka;r uÜgñka bÈßfha§ ch.%yK ,nd.; yels fndlaisx l%Svl l%Säldjka wmg isákjdo@ bkakjd' lu,a iór" wkqId fldä;=jlal=" ks,añ‚ chisxy jeks wh b;d fyd¢ka mqyqKq lghq;= lrf.k hkjd'  furg fndlaisx l%Svdfõ ÈhqKqj i|yd ±ka Tfí Þhl;ajh fudk jf.ao@ ieu fudfyd;lu uf.ka n,dfmdfrd;a;= jk ´keu wdldrhl Woõjla lsÍug iQÞkñka bkakjd'  wkd.;fha§ kej; Y%S ,xld fndlaisx ix.ufha ;k;=rla orkakg n,dfmdfrd;a;=jla ;sfnkjdo@ l%Svdjg fiajh lrkak ks, ;, wjYH keye'  2008 wkqreoaO r;akdhl jir 40lg miqj T,sïmsla ;r.hg iqÿiqlï ,eîu Tfí W;aidyfha m%;sM,hla' 2012 tx.,ka;fha ,kavka kqjr meje;afjk T,sïmsla ;r.dj,shg fndlaisx l%Svlhska lSfofkla iqÿiqlï ,ndù hehs Tn is;kjdo@ wkqId fldä;=jlal= iy ks,añ‚ chisxy hk fofokd T,sïmsla iqÿiqlï ,ndú hehs uu is;kjd'  j¾;udk l%Svd weue;s;=ud ms<sn| woyi@ weue;s;=ud oCIhs' fl,ska l;dlrkjd' Tyqg l%Svdjka ÈhqKq lsÍug ;on, jqjukdjla ;sfnkjd' tA ksid iEu fj,djlu uu t;=udg Woõ lsÍug iQÞkñka isákjd'

weue;s;=ud oCIhs' fl,ska l;dlrkjd' Tyqg l%Svdjka ÈhqKq lsÍug ;on, jqjukdjla ;sfnkjd' tA ksid iEu fj,djlu uu t;=udg Woõ lsÍug iQÞkñka isákjd'

rejka fiakdr;ak


8

fgiaÜ l%slÜ jxY l;djg ;r. 2000 hs iqmsß l%Svlhska iy jd¾;d c

.;a l%slÜ msáfha 2000 jeks ;r.h miq.shÞ tx.,ka;fha f,daâia l%Svdx.Kfha§ meje;a jqKd' fï ft;sydisl fgiaÜ ;r.h meje;ajqfKa tx.,ka;h iy bka§h lKAvdhï w;rhs' ,l=Kq 196lska ;r.h ch .;af;a wekavDD iag%djqia

fufyh jQ tx.,ka; lKAvdhuhs' wjqreÿ 134l b;sydihla ysñ fgiaÜ ;r. jxY l;dj we/fUkafka 1877 §hs' tÞ ´iafÜ%,shdfõ fu,an¾ka msáfha§ m<uq jeks fgiaÜ ;r.hg iyNd.s jqfKa tx.,ka; iy ´iafÜ%,shdkq lKAvdhï' ;r.fhka ´iafÜ%,shdkq lKAvdhu ,l=Kq 45l chla Èkd .;a;d'


9

pd,aia nek¾uka

uqr,sorka

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fgiaÜ ;r. 2000la iïmQ¾K jk úg tx.,ka;h ;r. 912lao ´iafÜ%,shdj ;r. 730lao l%Svd fldg jeäu ;r. jd¾;djla ;n,d' 1982 § fgiaÜ msáhg msúiqK Y%S ,xldj ;r. 201hs' tÞ m<uqjeks fgiaÜ ;r.hg;a fuÞ ±kg fgiaÜ ;r. jrï ysñ 2000 jeks ;r.hg;a iyNd.s fjñka tx.,ka;h jd¾;d.;j rgj,a .Kk 10ls' we;f;a mrdch iy ch iu.h' fgiaÜ ;r. 2000la iïmQ¾K jk úg nek¾uka tx.,ka;h ;r. 912lao ´iafÜ%,shdj ^´iafÜ%,shdj - 1877 ;r. 730lao l%Svd fldg jeäu ;r. m%:u fgiaÜ Y;lh ^úYsIag jd¾;djla ;n,d' 1982 § fgiaÜ msáhg l%Svlhska neõ l%slÜ f,dalh msúiqK Y%S ,xldj ;r. 201hs' ±kg okakjd' fgiaÜ ;r. jrï ysñ rgj,a .Kk fgiaÜ ;r. 2000 l;djg we;=<;a 10ls' jeäu lKAvdhï ,l=Kq jd¾;dj Y%S 1877 m%:u fgiaÜ ;r.h iy fuod 2000 ,xldj i;=hs' th ,l=Kq 952 lvq¨ 6lg jeks ;r.h w;r Èk mfya ;r.h kj 1997 § bksul wvqu lKAvdhï ,l=Kq kS;s Í;s fhÞ .kakd ms;s" mkaÿ" lvq¨ kjiS,ka;h 26la 1955 §' wdjrK wd§ WmlrKj, fjkialï /ila fuf;la iu ,l=Kq j,ska wjika jQ isÿjqKd' wo uqo,a iy fgiaÜ ;r. w;r fgiaÜ ;r. folhs' 1960 § úYd, ne£ula mj;skjd' ´iafÜ%,shdj iy ngysr bka§h fgiaÜ ;r. 2000la fldfoõ w;r ì%iafíka j,§ iy 1986 we;=<;a j¾K,dNS jxY § ´iafÜ%,shdj iy bkaÈhj w;r l;djg Þhl jQ úYsIag fpkakdhs j,§' fgiaÜ ;r. j, l%Svlhska /ils' m%Odk Y; ixj;air ;r.h 1977 § meje;a jd¾;dj ysñ n%hka ,drd jqfKa tx.,ka;h iy ´iafÜ%,shdj ^fldfoõ- ,l=Kq 400 w;f¾h' bksu& ðï f,al¾ ^tx.,ka;h ;r.hl l%siafgdam¾ rKisxy lvq¨ 19& iÑka f;kavq,ald¾ ^bkaÈhdj fgiaÜ Y;l 49& uq;a;hshd uqr,sorka ^Y%S ,xldj fgiaÜ lvq¨ 800& l=ud¾ ix.laldr iy ufya, chj¾Ok ^Y%S ,xldj - ,l=Kq 624l 2000 jeks ;r.fha iïnkaO;djh& iqks,a ,l=Kq oaú;aj Y;lhla jd¾;d l< .jiald¾ ^bkaÈhdj m%:u mSg¾ika fgiaÜ ,l=Kq 10"000& pd,aia

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10

kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ mqrdKh

fldufodare fÊ'ã' wurkdhl

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lÜ ;rï ke;;a ±ka r.¾ l%Svdjo Y%S ,xldfõ w;súYd, ckm%sh;ajhla ysñ lr.;a l%Svdjla nj fkdìhj i|yka l< yelshsa'

fï Èkj, b;du;a WKqiqï uqyqKqjrlska hq;=j meje;afjk le,afglaia ,S.a wka;¾ l%Svd iudc ;r.dj,sfha§ fjkÞ lshefjk m%n, l%Svd iudchkays kduhka hgm;a lrñka ldf.;a l;d nyg ,lajkakg kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ lKAvdhu iu;a ù we;' fujr r.¾ ;r. jdrh ;=< wkfmaCIs; fmr<s we;s l< lKAvdhu f,i kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ lKAvdhu y÷kajd Èh yelsh' fï ksid kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ l%Svdfõ hg .shdj ms<sn| fidhd ne,Sug óg jvd fyd| ld,hla ;j;a ke;s ;rïh' Y%S ,xldj 1948 jif¾ ksoyi ,nd .kakd ;=re ì%;dkHfha hg;a úð;hlaj meje;s neúka 1937 jif¾

kdhl fhdaIs; rdcmCI kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ l%Svdjg msúi we;af;a rdclSh iafõÉPd kdúl yuqodj hk kduh hgf;ah' tl, l%Svdjg iïnkaO ù isá we;af;ao iqÿ cd;slhskah' wk;=rej 1950 jif¾ isg Y%S ,xldj ckrchla njg m;ajQ 1972 jir olajd rdclSh kdúl yuqÞj f,i r.¾ l%Svdj iïnkaO ù isá nj igykaj we;' tl, ßh¾ woañrd,a tA' ví,sõ' tÉ' fmf¾rd" fldufodare udI,a lukav¾ bx.,agka jeks ks,OdÍka r.¾ l%Svdfõ kshe,S we;s nj i|ykah' Y%S ,xldj 1972 jif¾ ck rchla njg m;aùfuka miq 1973 jif¾ isg Y%S ,xld kdúl yuqodj hk kduh hgf;a foaYSh fojk fm< r.¾ ;r.dj,shg iyNd.s ùu wdrïN lr ;snq‚' tA Èkj, r.¾ l%Svdjg iïnkaO ù we;af;a kdúl yuqodfõ isá wef,laia fmf¾rd" fidaumd, fmf¾rd" mS' t,a' î' kkaoisß" ìka w,S" rdukdhl yd tka' fla' kkaoisß jeks fndlaisx yd mdmkaÿ l%Svlhskah'


11 flfia fj;;a 1975 jif¾§ Y%S ,xld kdúl yuqÞj fojk fm< Y+r;dj Èkd .ekSu ksid m<uqfm< ;r.dj,shg iyNd.s ùfï wjia:dj ysñlrf.k ;snq‚' tA wkqj 1976 jif¾ isg Y%S ,xld kdúl yuqodj foaYSh r.¾ l%Svdfõ m<uq fm< ;r.dj,shg tlaùu isÿúh' wdrïNfha§ ìka .,S*a" mS' ví,sõ' fmf¾rd" ksid¾" t,a' ví,sõ' fmf¾rd" fIÍ*a ãka" ù' iS' fmf¾rd" ffjoHr;ak" î' tA' frdoaß.=" y,,aãka" lms;dka .ïfyajd yd ßh¾ woañrd,a udhdÿkak jeks m%n, l%Svlhska kdúl yuqod ms,g tlaj isáhy' bism;k r.¾ lKAvdhfï kdhlhd jQ tÉ' fla' isisr kdúl yuqÞjg tlaùu;a iu. r.¾ l%Svdfõ m%fndaOhla we;s úK' Tyq 1983" 84" 86 yd 88 hk jirj,§ kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ lKAvdhug kdhl;ajh ,ndÿka w;r 1982 isg 1986 jir olajd Y%S ,xld cd;sl ms,o ksfhdackh lf<ah' Tyqg fmr 1978 jif¾ ìka .,S*a o Y%S ,xldj ksfhdackh lrkakg wjia:dj ysñlrf.k ;snq‚' óg wu;rj hQ' fla' rxð;a yd iïm;a mSßia hk l%Svlhskao Y%S ,xld fhdjqka ms,g tlaj isáfhah' Y%S ,xld kdúl yuqodj foaYSh m<uq fm< ;r.dj,shl§ fï jk úg w;alrf.k we;s by<u f.!rjh 1989 jif¾ la,s*â l=i,dk r.¾ ;r.dj,sfha wkqY+r;dj Èkd.ksñka igyka ;nd we;' fuu ch.%yKh ludkav¾ mrdl%u iurùrf.a kdhl;ajh hgf;a ,nd.;a w;r fldufodare kjdka f;kakfldakaf.a oialï ch.%yKhg Wmldr ù ;snq‚' tfiajqj;a kdúl yuqÞjg r.¾ l%Svdfjka fujka lS¾;shla w;alr ÿka kdhl mrdl%u iurùr uy;d Y%S ,xldj ;=< me;sÍ .sh j¾.jd§ hqoaOfha f.dÿrla njg m;aùu kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ l%Svdjg w;alr ÿkafka ±ßh fkdyels mdvqjls' ys,añ iySï" uyskaor;ak yd tÉ' ví,sõ' úfÊisß jeks oCI l%Svlhska 1990 jif¾ Y%S ,xld ms,g tlalrkakgo kdúl yuqÞjg yelshdj ,enq‚'

frdkS Bn%ysï ^mqyqKqlre&

mS'tka'à' l¨wdrÉÑ ^l<ukdlre& kuq;a j¾. jd§ hqoaOh ksid 1992 jif¾ isg Y%S ,xld kdúl yuqÞjg r.¾ l%Svdfjka wE;aj isákakg isÿjQy' kej; Tjqka l%Svdjg iïnkaO jkafka fhdaIs; rdcmCIf.a kdhl;ajfhka hq;=j 2009 le,afglaia l=i,dk ,S.a r.¾ ;r.dj,sfha§ Tjqka m%n, lKAvdhïj,g wNsfhda.hla ù wjikah' tA wkqj Y%S ,xld kdúl yuqÞj fï .; lrkafka r.¾ l%Svdfõ Tjqkaf.a iaj¾Kuh ld, mßÉfþofhah' Tjqkg u. fmkafjkafka mqyqKqlre frdkS Bn%ySïh' tfiau fï wjia:dfõ kdúl yuqÞfõ r.¾ l%Svdj ÈhqKq l<

fujr mj;ajk ,o le,afglaia ,S.a wka;¾ l%Svd iudc r.¾ ;r.dj,sfha§ ku .sh lKAvdhï /ila wNsnjd .sh kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ ms, wkqY+r;dj Èkd .ekSu Tjqkaf.a l=i,;dj ikd: lrK fyd|u iy;slh f,i i|yka l< yelsh' mqyqKqlrejka jk m¾is fmf¾rd" älS ch;s,l" flkaä cQâ" lu,a chj¾Ok" ¨;skka ludkav¾ nkaÿ, oykdhl yd n%hka nemaáia o isysm;a l< hq;=uh' wjika jYfhka Y%S ,xld kdúl yuqÞfõ yuqÞm;s fidaumd, Èidkdhl yd l%Svd wOHCI yd r.¾ iNdm;s f,i lghq;= lrk fldufodare fÊ' ã' wurkdhl hk ks,OdÍka kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ l%Svdfõ ÈhqKqj ±lSfï fkdks;a wdYdfjka miqjkakka jYfhka i|yka l< hq;=h' fhdaIs; rdcmCI" l,K wurisxy" i;Hd rK;=x." iqfïO udf,ajk" OkqIal fmf¾rd" iqysre weka;kS" OkqIal i|rejka" tia' ,CIdka" foaõ wdkkao" iqrx. mqIam l=udr" trxo ùrlafldä" mshqud,a uxpkdhl" ÈkQI p;=rx." frdays; rdcmCI" pQ,s iqiiak" ÿ,sma fu;arejka" ÿ,xc, úfÊisxy" ffYf,akaø pkaøfialr" ì,d,a yika" yïid yika" reIdka is,ajd" ksrxcka úl%ur;ak" idrx. W;am, yd fldai, ;sfiard hk l%Svlhska kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ l%Svdfõ j;auka id¾:l;ajfha fldgia lrejkah' fujr mj;ajk ,o le,afglaia ,S.a wka;¾ l%Svd iudc r.¾ ;r.dj,sfha§ ku .sh lKAvdhï /ila wNsnjd .sh kdúl yuqÞ r.¾ ms, wkqY+r;dj Èkd .ekSu Tjqkaf.a l=i,;dj ikd: lrK fyd|u iy;slh f,i i|yka l< yelsh'

u,s÷ lú,xl


12

Y%S ,xld l%slÜ ks,jrKh 2012 ckjdßfha mj;ajkjd l%Svd wud;H uyskaÞkkao w¨;a.uf.a

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¾;udk l%v S d wud;H uyskÞ a kkao w¨;a.uf.a uy;d wkd.; l%v S d ie,iqï iy j¾;udk l%v S d jevms<fs j< .ek —l%v S d ú;a;˜s iu. l< iïuqL idlÉPdjls fï'

 miq.shÞ ksudjg m;a jQ wdishdkq u,, l%Svd ;r.dj,sfha§ wmg ,enqfKa f,dalv molalï 2la muKhs' tA .ek Tn;=udf.a woyi@ u,, l%Svdfõ hï miqnEula we;s ù ;sfnk nj ud l%Svd wud;H f,i jev Ndr .kakg fmr isgu ±k isáhd' tA ksid ud wud;H Oqrhg m;ajQ ú.iu fï miq nEug fya;= jQ lreKq ldrKd fidhd ne,Sug lñgqjla m;a l<d' —.=Kfialr jd¾;dj˜ kñka' tu lñgqj bÈßm;a l< jd¾:djg wkqj l%Svdjg l%Svd wud;HxYfhka úh hq;= ld¾hkaf.a yd j.lSïj, hï meyer yeÍula ;sfnk nj;a" fojkqj fomd¾;fïka;=j,ska .s,syS .sh j.lSï meyer yeÍï" ks,Odß jdoh" T,sïmsla lñgqj" l%Svd ix.ï jeks l%Svdjg wjYH wdh;kj, u; .egqï l%Svdfõ j¾;udk ;;a;ajhg miqnEug fya;= jQ lreKq f,i i|yka jqKd' fuu —.=Kfialr jd¾;dj fmkajd fok wvqmdvq .s,syS .sh j.lSï ksjerÈ lr .ksñka l%Svdj ÈhqKq lsÍug l%Svd wud;Hjrhd jYfhka ud mshjr f.k ;sfnkjd'  weue;s;=uks Y%S ,xld u,, l%Svd ix.ufha ysgmq iNdm;sjrhl= jQ iqks,a .=Kj¾Ok uy;d mjid ;snqKd wdishdkq u,, l%Svd ;r.dj,shg iyNd.s jQ lKAvdhu oCI;u lKAvdhu fkdjk nj' ±ka tfyu t;=udg lshkak neye' ,xldfõ isák m%ùK l%Svl l%Säldjka mqyqKqlrejka ys;df.k bkafka ;ukaf.a <Õ ;ud fyd|u oCI l%Svlhska msßi

bkafk lshd' tfia is;Su;a u,, l%Svdj miqnEug tla fya;=jla' b;ska wms fuh ksrdlrKh lr.ekSug cd;sl f;aÍï lñgqjla m;a fldg ;sfnkjd' tu f;aÍï lñgqjg .=jka yuqÞfõ fojk jhsia udI,a flda,s; .=K;s,l" ysgmq fcHIaG ksfhdacH fmd,siam;s ksu,a ueÈjl uy;d we;=¿ ;sfokl=f.ka iukaú; lñgqjla m;alr ;sfnkjd' bÈßfha§ m;ajk iEu cd;Hka;r ;r.hlgu l%Svl l%Säldjka f;dard.ekSu fuu ;%smqoa., f;aÍï lñgq yryd ;uhs isÿfjkafka' óg m%:u ks,OdÍka kï ,hsia;=j fhduql< úg ud wkqu; lsÍuhs isÿ jqfKa' kuq;a bÈßfha§ fuu lñgqj yryd iqÿiqu oCI l%Svlfhd" l%Säldfjd f;dard .ekSu isÿfõú' fuh l%Svdfõ wkd.;hg iqn ,l=Kla f,i ud olskafk'  weue;s;=uks fndfyda cd;Hka;r l%Svd ixpdrj,§ l%Svl l%Säldjkaj jvd ks,OdÍka ixpdrhg iyNd.sjkjd' fuh oCI l%Svl l%Säldjka msßilg lrK widOdrKhla fï ;;a;ajh fjkia lsÍug Tn;=udg hï jevms<sfj<la ilia lr ;sfnkjd o@ l%Svlhskag isÿjk widOdrKhka ms<sn| ud iu. l;d lsÍug wjia:dj i,id § ;sfnkjd' i;sfha iEu n%yiam;skaÞ Èklu ud yuqù l%Svl l%Säldjkag we;s m%Yak l;dlr tAjdg úi÷ï ,nd .; yelshs' tA jf.au l%Svdfõ fï we;sù ;sfnk miq.dó ;;a;ajh ;=< l%Svdj fï whqßka fyda ;sîu;a f,dl= fohla' l%Svd ix.ïj,ska lrk wlghq;=lï" l%Svd wud;HxYfha

ks,OdÍkaf.a wvqmdvq" wëCIKfha wvqmdvq" fomd¾;fïka;j = , jev fkdlsÍu jeks lreKq ish,a, foi ne¨jdu l%v S dj fufyuj;a mj;sk tl .ek i;=gq úh hq;h = 's ud fï wud;HxYh Ndr .kak fldg ;snQ .eg¨ w;ßka m%Odk jYfhka wdishdkq u,, l%Svd ;r.dj,sfhka molalï ,nd.ekSfï .eg¨j" f,dal l=i,dk i|yd Èk 15la ;sîu t<fUk 2018 fmdÿrdcH uKAv,Sh l%Svd Wf<,g i;aldrl;ajh b,a¨ï lr ;sîu;a wNsfhda.hla' tjeks wNsfhda.h fndfydauhla iu.ska uu fï wud;HxYh Ndr .;af;a' udf.a wud;HxYfha jevlrk ks,OdÍkag ysáfha jev n,k ks,OdÍka' Tjqka jev lrkafka ke;sj jev ne¨jd ú;rhs' uq,skau jev n,k ks,OdÍka jev lrk ks,OdÍka msßila njg m;a l<d' uu jev lrkak mq¿jka ks,OdÍka msßila uf.a wud;HxYhg f.kjd' fuu wud;HxYhg cd;sl ie,eiaula we;slr cd;sl ie,eiaug jev lsÍug ks,OdÍkag j.lSï mejrejd' ±ka l%Svdj kS;s Í;sj,g wkqj l%shd;aulhs' ksoiqkla f,i biair úfoaY ixpdrj,g iyNd.s jk ,hsia;=j ixpdrhg fyg hkjkka wo f.k;a wkqu; lr .kak ;;a;ajhla ;snqfKa' kuq;a ud tu ;;a;ajh fjkia l<d' ±ka ixpdrhg Èk 21lg l,ska wmg ,hsia;=j fokak ´k' biair cd;Hka;r ;r.hlg .syska molalula ,nd fkd.ekSug fya;= jQ ldrKd" fidhd ne¨fõ ke;' kuq;a ±ka ;;a;ajh fjkia' ixpdrhlska miq molalï .ekSug fkdyels ùug fya;= idOdl iys;j l<ukdlrKh úiska jd¾:djla i;s 2la we;=<;§ ud fj; NdrÈh hq;=hs' biair l%Svlhka oCI;djh fkdn,du l%Svd ix.ï yryd l%Svd ijdß .shd" tA jf.au úYd, ks,OdÍka msßila l%Svdj


13 idlÉPdfõ§ t;=ud m%ldY l<d Y%S ,xld l%slÜ wdh;kh ¥Is; uqjdfjka úfoaY ixpdrj, ksh¨Kd' uu tA ;;a;ajh fjkia ;ekla hk j.@ l<d' ±ka l%Svlhkaf.a Wmßu oCI;djh fkdue;s kï tu Th yqÕla wh lskjd iS' î' r;akdhl ue;s;=udg hkak jqfKa ;r.dj,s i|yd fhduqlrkafka keye' wms tfyu lr, úfoaY tAl ksid lsh,d' tA;a tAl fndrejla' yenehs l%slÜ wdh;kh uu ixpdrj,g l%Svlhkag ks,OdÍkag jeh lrkq ,enQ uqo,a ne¨jd tys kdia;sh yd wld¾hCIu;djh ;sfnkjd' yenehs b;sßlrf.k rfÜ l%Svdfõ Wkak;sh" l%Svl l%Säldjkaf.a ¥IKhla t;k keye' wkd.;h fjkqfjka wdfhdackh lrkak n,dfmdfrd;a;= fjkjd'  iuyr l%Svdj, ¥Is; mßmd,khla we;s ù ;sfnkafka l%Svd n,OdÍkaf.a l%shd l,dmh ksihs' fuh fjkia fldg úÈu;a  Y%S ,xld u,, l%Svd ix.uh mjikjd u,, l%Svl lsÍug Tn;=udf.a jevms<sfj<la ;sfío@ l%Säldjkag kj mqyqKq jevigykla cd;sl m%;sm;a;sh ;=< fï ish,a,g wdrïN lrk nj" tjekakla wdrïN wms jf.a mqxÑ rgla úi÷ula ;sfnkjd' ñka miqj wjqreÿ lr ;sfío@ th l%shd;aul jkafka jvd ix.uhl tl flfkl=g flfiao@ ´iafÜ%,shdj jf.a rgla iu. mylg bkak neye' tA jf.au wjq' 2lska miafia Tõ' fï jk úg u,, l%Svdfõ nrm;, jeàula ;shkjd' ud u,, i;aldrl;ajhg ;r. lrk fyd| kï Tyq jir 4la olajd §¾> lrkjd' óg fmr jirhs bkak mq¿jka' l%Svd ix.uh iu. iïnkaO ù jir fldg wmg ys;kak mq¿jka udi 6la jev lr,d b;sß udi 6 4l ie,eiaula l%shdjg kxjd ks,jrKhg iQÞkï fjkjd' fuu ;sfnkjd' ,efnhso lsh,d' kuq;a wms ;;a;ajh fjkialr oCIhdg ksis ;ek foaYSh u,, l%Svdfõ ÈhqKqj i|yd §ug l%Svd wud;Hjrhd jYfhka ud lghq;= ,xldfõ isák m%ùK mqyqKqlrejka úYa j di lrkjd wms bÈßm;a lrkjd' m<uq j;djg u,, l%Svd ix.uh" mdi,a ix.ï" fomd¾;fïka;=" mqyqKql l%Svdfõ Wkka;sh fjkqfjka lrkq ,enQ ,xiqj b;d rejka" l%Svlhska Tlafldu tlg tl;= Tn;=ud .kq ,enQ m%;sm;a;s ;SrK id¾:lhs lsh,d' lr iu`.sj fuu jevms<sfj< l%shdjg jevms<sfj<j,a id¾:l lr.ekSug kï kxjkjd' fuu ix.ïj, l%Svlfhd" Tn ;=ud l%Svd wud;H ;k;=f¾ wju ks,OdÍka" mqyqKqlrejka uQKg uQK jYfhka jir 6l ld,hla ;k;=r ±ßh n,ka ke;s ;;a;ajhla biair ;snqfK' kuq;a ±ka wms tAl fjkia hq;=hs fkao@ lr, tu idudðlhka tAlrdYs lr, lñgqjla m;alr tu iudkH wud;H jrfhla m;a lrkafka tfyu ;ud' kuq;a lñgqjg idudðlhka 7 fokl= m;a lr tla idudðlhl=g rfÜ l%Svdj fjkqfjka hula lrkak kï l%Svd wud;Hjrhd f,i jirlg ,CI 3l jegqma f.ùula lsÍug;a ;SrKh lr ;sfnkjd' hï hï lem lsÍï l<hq;=hs' l%Svdfõ Wkak;sh fjkqfjka .kakd fuu lñgqfõ m%Odka;jh fhda.dkkao úfÊiqkaor ork w;r ;SrK j,§ fkdie,S ksjerÈ ;SrKj,g meñkSfï§ úfõpkj,g v¾úka" wks,a" Nød" iq.;a ;s,lr;ak jeks m%ùK mqyqKqlrejka wj,doj,g uqyqK §ug Yla;sh ffO¾hh ;sìh hq;=hs' tA ffO¾h" iy l%Svlhska fuhg we;=<;a' úYajdih" lemlsÍu ud i;= ksid ckdêm;s;=ud ug fï wNsfhda.h Ndr ÿkakd' tu ksid tu ld,h ug jevl< yels  2018 fmdÿ rdcH uKAv,Sh l%Svd Wf<,g i;aldrl;ajh lshd úYajdi lrkjd' ,nd .ekSug wmg wjia:dj ;sfnkjdo@ Tõ' we;a;gu wjia:djla ;sfnk ksihs b,a¨ï lf<a' wms jf.a mqxÑ rgla ´iafÜ%,shdj jf.a rgla iu. i;aldrl;ajhg ;r. rejka fiakdr;ak lrk fldg wmg ys;kak mq¿jka ,efnhso lsh,d' kuq;a wms úYajdi lrkjd wms bÈßm;a lrkq ,enQ ,xiqj b;d id¾:lhs lsh,d'  2018 fmdÿ rdcH uKAv,Sh ;r.dj,shg i;aldrl;ajh wmg ,efnkjd kï §¾> ld,Sk jevms<sfj<la ;sìh hq;=hs fkao@ ±kgu;a wms wjqreÿ y;l ie,eiaula yo,d bjrhs' ksoiqka f,i cd;Hka;r l%Svdx.Khla fydaud.u ñÈ.u bÈlr ;sfnkjd' uyskao Ñka;kh hgf;a fmdfrdkaÿ jQ mßÈ fuu l%Svdx.Kh bÈlrkq ,enqjd' ;jo m<d;a 9hu ksfhdackh jk mßÈ cd;Hka;r uÜgfï l%Svdx.K 9la bÈlsÍug ish¨ lghq;= iQÞkï lr ;sfhkjd' ;jo Èia;%sla uÜgñka l%Svd msá 25 yokjd' m%dfoaYSh uÜgñka l%Svd msá 324 o yokjd' k.rhg iSud ù ;snQ l%Svd wdêm;H .ug f.khdu i|yd fuu jevms<sfj< l%shd;aul lrkjd'  miq.shÞ ol=fKa isg W;=rg iudc i;aldrl fufyjrla i|yd .sh md.ukg wfma ysgmq iy j¾;udk l%Svlhska /ila iyNd.s jqKd' l%Svd weue;s;=ud jYfhka Tn fï i;aldrl md .uk .ek ork wdl,amh@ we;a;gu fuu md .uk b;d fyd| lghq;a;la' fujeks iudc i;aldrhkag l%Svlhkaf.a iyNd.s;ajh w.h lrkjd'  j;auka l%slÜ l%Svdj md,kh jkafka w;=re lñgqjla u.ska fujeks ;;a;ajhla hgf;a l%Svdfõ ixj¾Okh ms<sn|j Tn;=ud iEySulg m;ajkjdo@ w;=re lñgqjla u.ska l%Svdfõ ixj¾Okh;a ÈhqKqj;a n,dfmdfrd;a;= úh fkdyelshs' tksid ud 2012 ckjdß jk úg w;=re lñgqj fjkqjg md,l uKAv,h m;alsÍug Pkaohla mj;ajkak n,dfmdfrd;a;= fjkjd' Pdhd (  ysgmq l%Svd weue;s iS' î' r;akdhl wud;H;= u d l=udr wurisxy Y%S ,xld l%slÜ wdh;kfha meje;a jQ udOH


14

fldfoõ l%slÜ jd¾;dldrhd

YsjkÍka pkaøfmda,a n

gysr bka§h fldfoõ kduh cd;Hka;r uÜgñka m%lgj we;af;a l%slÜ ksidh' 1928 isg fldfoõjka fgiaÜ l%slÜ ;r.j,g iïnkaO ù isák w;r f.ù .sh bl=;a wjqreÿ 80lg jvd ld,h ;=<§ tráka ìys jQ —l%slÜ iqmsß;uhska˜ wog;a nqyquka ,n;s' .d*S,aâ fidania" *%Ekala fjdr,a" tj¾gka úlaia" la,hsâ fjda,alÜ" la,hsõ f,dhsâ" ue,alï udI,a" úúhka ßpâia" ,dkaia .síia" wekaä frdnÜia" fjia,s fyda,a jekafkda l%slÜ hq. mqreIhskah' fudjqka w;ßka fidania" fjdr,a iy ßpâia ;sfokdu khsÜ kïnq kdufhka msÿï ,enQ l%Svlhskah' fldfoõjkaf.a uE; hq.h .ek úuis,su;a jk úg ld,a yQm¾" n%hka ,drd" fldaÜks fjda,aIa" l%sia f.a,a iy l¾Ü,s weïfn%dia jeks l%Svlhska wu;l lrkakg neßh' fï kdudj,shg tlajk wks;a l%Svlhd jkafka Ysjkßka pkaøfmda,ah' fldfoõjka w;r YsjkdÍka jvd m%lg —Ysõ˜

yqrenqyqá ms;slrejl= f,i kula Èkd isák Ysõ miq.shÞ ;udf.a 133 jeks fgiaÜ ;r.hg l%Svd lf<ah' tA miq.shÞ bkaÈhdj iu. fldfoõ ¥m;aj, meje;s ;r.hl§h' fuu ;r.hg miqj Ysõ fldfoõjka fjkqfjka jeäu fgiaÜ ;r. l%Svd l< l%Svlhdg ysñ jd¾;djg ysñlï lshhs'


15 lshdh' Ysõ fldfoõ msf,a m%n, ueo fm< ms;slrefjls' b| ysg Tyq wdrïNl ms;slrejl= f,io ms;a; fufyhjd ;sfí' lvq,af,a /§ isákakg;a wjia:dkql+,j ,l=Kq /ia lsÍug ;ud oCIhl= nj bksï /ila u.ska Ysõ jd¾;d ;nd we;af;ah' yqrenqyqá ms;slrejl= f,i kula Èkd isák Ysõ miq.shÞ ;udf.a 133 jeks fgiaÜ ;r.hg l%Svd lf<ah' tA miq.shÞ bkaÈhdj iu. fldfoõ ¥m;aj, meje;s ;r.hl§h' fuu ;r.hg miqj Ysõ fldfoõjka fjkqfjka jeäu fgiaÜ ;r. l%Svd l< l%Svlhdg ysñ jd¾;djg ysñlï lshhs' jd¾;d.; fgiaÜ ;r. 133la wjika jk úg ,l=Kq 9367 l jd¾;djla Ysõ i;=h' jeäu ,l=Kq bksu 203ls' Y;l 23la iy w¾O Y;l 55 lao fï jd¾;djg we;=<;ah' Ysõf.a 23 jeks fgiaÜ Y;lh jd¾;d jqfKa ch mrdchlska f;drj wjika jQ Tyqf.a 133 jeks ;r.fha ,l=Kq 116la f,isks' —fgiaÜ l%Svlfhl=g jd¾;djla ysñùu by< fohla' ug ysñ jqfKa fldfoõ jd¾;djla' tA .ek ug by< i;=gla ±fkkjd' fï jd¾;dj ,nd .;af;a úYd, lem lsÍula lr,hs'˜ jd¾;d.; ;r.hg miq Ysõ lSh' lvq,af,a kex.=rula n÷ YsjkÍka fgiaÜ msáfhka iuq .kakg bv we;ehs jd¾;d fõ' 36 yeúß,s Ysõ fldfoõjkag wNsudkhls'

l%siafgdam¾ rKisxy

fgiaÜ l%Svlfhl=g jd¾;djla ysñùu by< fohla' ug ysñ jqfKa fldfoõ jd¾;djla' tA .ek ug by< i;=gla ±fkkjd' fï jd¾;dj ,nd .;af;a úYd, lem lsÍula lr,hs


16 Y%S ,xld - ´iafÜ%,shd 20-20 ;r.dj,sh

ä,aIdka iy wcka;f.a oialï Y%S ,xldjg ch f.fkhs 2011

´iafÜ%,shdkq lKAvdhfï l%slÜ ixpdrh wdrïN lrñka meje;s 20-20 ;r. ud,dj ch .ekSug Y%S ,xld lKAvdhu iu;ajqKd' uykqjr m,af,lef,a cd;Hka;r l%Svdx.Kfha meje;s ;r. folu ch .;af;a Y%S ,xld lKAvdhuhs' 20-20 ;r.hla furg§ m%:u j;djg ch .ekSu fiau ;r.dj,sh ch .ekSu;a w;ska Y%S ,xld lKAvdhu úfYaIhs' ;r.j, flá ,l=Kq igyk m%:u ;r.h - Y%S ,xld lKAvdhug ,l=Kq 35l chla Y%S ,xldj ( ,l=Kq 198 lvq¨ 3lg ^´jr 20& ;s,lr;ak ä,aIdka fkd±ù 104" l=ud¾ ix.laldr 30" Ôjka fukaäia fkd±ù 29' ´iafÜ%,shdj ( ,l=Kq 163 lvq¨ 8lg ^´jr 20& fâúâ fjdak¾ 53" ñfp,a fcdkaika fkd±ù 22" ä,arejka fmf¾rd 26$3" kqjka l=,fialr 39$2' fojeks ;r.h - Y%S ,xld lKAvdhug ,l=Kq 8l chla' Y%S ,xldj ( ,l=Kq 157 lvq¨ 9lg ^´jr 20& ufya, chj¾Ok 86" l=ud¾ ix.laldr 24" fn%Ü ,S 39$3" fÊ' fyiaákaia 14$3' ´iafÜ%,shdj ( ,l=Kq 149 lvq¨ 9lg ^´jr 20& fYaka fjdÜika 57" leurka jhsÜ 39" wcka; fukaäia 16$6 ;r.dj,sfha ch.%yKh Y%S ,xld lKAvdhug ,nd§u fjkqfjka oialï folla uQ,slj lemS fmKqkd' bka tlla m<uq ;r.fha§ kdhl ä,aIdka /ia l< ,l=Kq 104' fuh ä,aIdkaf.a m<uq cd;Hka;r ´jr 20 Y;lhhs' iuia; miajeks Y;lhhs' mkaÿ 57 lska jd¾;d jQ Y;lhg y;f¾ myrj,a 13 iy yfha myrj,a 6la we;=<;a jqKd' fojeks ;r.fha§ wcka; fukaäia ;udf.a mkaÿ ´jr y;r ;=<§ ,l=Kq 16lg lvq¨ 6la ojdÆy' mkaÿ jdr 20 cd;Hka;r ;r.j, bksul§ lvq¨ 6la ojdÆ m<uq mkaÿ hjkakd

njg m;a jQ wcka; fuu ;r.j, fyd|u mkaÿ heùfï jd¾;dj;a ±ka Wiq,kjd' l,ska fuu jd¾;djg ysñlï lSfõ 2009 § kjiS,ka;hg tfrysj ,l=Kq 6lg lvq¨ 5la ojd¨ mlsia;dk lKAvdhfï Wud¾ .=,ah' m<uq ;r. ch.%yK i|yd Y%S ,xld bksfï§ 4 jeks lvq,a,g ,l=Kq 104l iïnkaO;djhla f.dvk ke.+ kdhl ä,aIdka ^fkd±ù 104& iy Ôjka fukaäia ^fkd±ù 29& fofokd b|ysg olsk jd¾;dj;a ;enqjd'

î'fla'tia' fÊ' foaYm%sh


17 17

fyúfõÜ fndlaisx Y+r;d fnd

laisx l%Svd f,dalh uy;a Wkkaÿjla ±la jQ —fyõfõܘ nr mka;shg wh;a ;r.hla miq.shÞ c¾uksfha yeïn¾.a kqjr§ meje;a jqKd' ;r.hg iyNd.s jQ õ,eäó¾ la,sÜiaÉflda iy fâúâ fyahd¾ fofokdu fï hq.fha wjOdkh Èkd .;a fndlaisx l%Svlhska fofofkla' õ,eäó¾ ;r.hg msúiqfKa Y+r;d lSmhla ÈkQ Y+rhd f,ihs' fâúâ ;r.hg wdfõ m%n,u m%;sjdÈhl= f,ihs' ld,hla wmrdð;j ;r. jÈk õ,eäó¾g ;r.h m%n, fj;ehs fndfydafokd is;=jd' ;r.h wdrïN ù jg lSmhla hk;=re fâúâ lsishï fmr<shla lrkq we;ehs ,l=Kq my< jqK;a wjidk jghkaj,§ õ,eäó¾ ;udf.a ienE Y+r;ajh u;= l<d' jg 12lska iukaú; jqK uyd .egqu wjidfka ksudj ÿgqfõ ch.%yKh;a Y+r;dj;a folu õ,eäó¾g /l foñks' ;r.fha úksiqrejka ;sfokdu ,l=Kq ,nd ÿkafka 117-109" 118-108 iy 116-110la jYfhka õ,eäó¾g ch.%yKh msß kuñka' fï wkqj õ,eäó¾ ;jÿrg;a f,dal fyúfõÜ fndlaisx Y+rhdhs' Tyq fï ,nd .;af;a ;udf.a 56 jeks ch.%yKhhs'

úgd,s iy ú,eäó¾g je,eäó¾ ,nd.;a; ch.%yKh úfYaI tlla' Tyqf.a fidfydhqrd úgd,s;a f,dal fyúfõÜ fndlaisx Y+rfhls' ±ka fyúfõÜ fndlaisx fldgfia iïmQ¾K wdÈm;H ;sfnkafka fï whsh-uf,da fokakd wf;hs' f,dal fndlaisx ix.uh ^WBA& cd;Hka;r fndlaisx ix.uh ^IBF& iy cd;Hka;r fndlaisx ixúOdkh ^IBO& hk fndlaisx l%Svdj iïnkaO ixúOdk mfyau Y+r;d ±ka ysñj we;af;a la,sÜiaÉflda fidfydhqrkaghs' cd;Hka;r fndlaisx j<,af,a fï úêhg mjq,a ch.%yKhla jd¾;d jqfKa ld,hlg miqjhs' l,lg by; iamskaiala fidfydhqrka fofokl= isáhd' kuq;a õ,eäó¾ iy

úgd,sf.a jd¾;dj m%n,hs' tA fofokdu ld,hla ;siafia Y+rhskaj isák ksihs' hqlaf¾kh ksfhdackh lrk fudjqka fofokdu mrdch lrkafka ljqo@ fï fjk;a fyúfõÜ Y+rhska yuqfõ ;sfnk wNsfhdahla' ±kg bÈßfhka isák l%Svlhl= .ek l;dny fkdflreK;a mrdð; fâúâ fyah¾ iu. fârla Ñfidard iy ghsika *shqßf.a kï .ek lshefjkjd' fï w;r úgd,s la,sÜiaÉflda iy fâúâ fyah¾ w;r ;r.hla .eko l;dny mj;skjd'

l%siafgdam¾ rKisxy


18 lemùu iy mqyqKqùu ;uhs uf.a l%Svd uÜgu tlfia ;nd .ekSug fya;=j y,dj; fïßhkaia l%slÜ l%Svl ckl .=Kr;ak

m

iq.h s Þ meje;s mkaÿjdr 20-20 wka;¾ m<d;a wjika ;r.fha reyqKq lKavdhu ksfhdackh lrñka ;r.fha ùrhd njg m;ajQ y,dj; fïßhkaia lKavdhfï l%v S l ckl .=Kr;ak —l%v S d ú;a;˜s iÕrdjg Tyqf.a woyia fufia m%ldY lf<ah'

 Tn mdi,a l%slÜ iuh .ek l;d lf<d;a@ uu uq,skau l%Svd lf<a mdkÿr rdclSh úoHd,hg' Bg miafia ug wdrdOkdjla ,eì,d fudrgqj fõ,aia l=udr úoHd,hg wjqreÿ 15 iy 17 my< l%Svd l<d' bkamiq wjq( 3la m<uqfm< l%Svd l<d' tA jf.au uu tys j¾K ,nd .;a;d' bkamiqj ;uhs ug wjia:dj ,enqfKa y,dj; fïßhkaia lKAvdhug l%Svd lsÍug'  Tn mdi,a iufha l%Svd l< fyd|u bksu .ek u;lh wjê lf<d;a@ ug u;l úÈyg ,l=Kq 110la muK'  wka;¾ l%Svd iudc uÜgñka Tn È.ska È.gu oialï ±lajqj;a Tng Y%S ,xld —tA˜ lKAvdhug;a Y%S ,xld lKAvdhug;a f;dard fkd.ekSu ms<sn|j Tng fudlo ysf;kafka@ we;a;gu .sh —tA˜ ldKAvfha ixpdrfha l%Svd l<d' ug ,enqKq ;=kaÈk mqyqKq ;r.fhka lvq¨ 5la f.k ,l=Kq 50la /ia l<d ol=Kq

±ka w¨;a f;aÍï lñgqjla m;ajqKd' Tjqka oialï ±lajQ l%Svlhskag b;sydifha wjia:dj ,nd §,d ;sfhkjd' b;ska uu ys;kjd blaukskau ug;a wjia:djla ,efnhs lsh,d' wm%sldjg tfrysj' kej;;a ol=Kq wm%sldj iu. ;r.h ug ,enqKd' isõÈk ;r.hla jQ tys§ uu ,l=Kq 136 iy lvq¨ 3la ,nd .;a;d' bkamiq j¾Idj ksid ;r. l%Svd lsÍug fkdyels jqKd'  ol=Kq wm%sldjg tfrysj Tn

oialï ±lajqjo wo jkúg Y%S ,xld —tA˜ lKAvdhfukao Tn bj;g f.dia ;sfnkjd' tA ms<sn|j Tfí woyia@ we;a;gu uu oialï olaj,d" fmkak,d ;sfhkjd' uu ys;kafka uf.a oialï Wmßufhka fmkakqjd ug bÈßfha § wjia:djla ,efnhs lsh,d'  Tn ueofm< ms;slrejl= f,io oialï olajkafka@ Tõ' uu .shjr m<d;a ;r.dj,sfha§ l%Svd lf<a W!j lKAvdhug' uu tys§ ueo fm< fkdïnr 5" 6 ia:dkj, l%Svdfldg ,l=Kq 80" 90 iEu ;r.hl§u ,nd .;a;d' b;ska uf.a lKAvdhfï mqyqKqlre jQfha frdfïIa l¿ú;drK' Tyq ;uhs ±ka —tA˜ lKAvhdfï mqyqKqlre' b;ska uu tys ,l=Kq w;r isá ksid Tyq ug lsõjd fkdïn¾ 4 l%Svd lrkak lshd' b;ska uu wks;a ;r.fha§ fkdïnr 4 l%Svd lr ,l=Kq 136la ,nd .;a;d'  miq.shÞ ;snqKq m<d;a 20-20 wjika ;r.fha§ reyqKq lKAvdhu ksfhdackh lrñka ;r.fha ùrhd iïudkh Tng ysñ jqKd' tA jf.au


19 l%Svlfhl= f,i uf.a tlu n,dfmdfrd;a;=j Y%S ,xld cd;sl lKAvdhu ksfhdackh lsÍu' uu Wmßu oialï fmkak,d ;sfnkjd' uu ys;kjd fï jif¾j;a ug wjia:djla ,efnhs lsh,d' Pdhd( l=udr wurisxy

Tn tys§ mkaÿ 42l§ ,l=Kq 82la ,nd .;a;d' tA ms<sn|j Tfí woyi@ Tõ" uu tA fjkfldg tx.,ka;fha ;r. ixpdrhlg iyNd.s ù isáfha' uu m<d;a ;r. i|ydhs ,xldjg wdfõ' kuq;a uq,a ;r. j,§ uu t;rï fyd|g l%Svd lf<a keye' fudlo uu tl mdrgu fï ;;a;ajhg yqreùug wmyiq jqKd' kuq;a wjika ;r.j,§ uu fyd¢ka mqyqKq lghq;= fldg fyd¢ka l%Svd l<d'  Y%S ,xld lKAvdhug we;=<;aùug kï ms;slrefjl= f,i ckl Tng iEfyk ;r.hla Èh hq;= jkjd fkao @ we;af;kau Tõ' uu ms;slrejl= muKla fkdfjhs' uu oÕ mkaÿ hjkakl= f,i mkaÿfjkq;a oialï olajd ;sfnkjd' 20-20 ;r.dj,sfha§;a lvq¨ 8la muK ,nd .;a;d' ug ysf;kjd bÈßfha§ fyd| wjia:djla ,efíú lsh,d'  Y%S ,xld l%slÜj, wkd.;h Tn olskafka flfiao@ ±ka w¨;a f;aÍï lñgqjla m;ajqKd' Tjqka oialï ±lajQ l%Svlhskag b;sydifha wjia:dj ,nd §,d ;sfhkjd' b;ska uu ys;kjd blaukskau ug;a wjia:djla ,efnhs lsh,d'  Tn iEu ;r.dj,shl§u tl f,i oialï olajñka tu oialï tlfia mj;ajdf.k hdug Tn ;=< we;s l%shd ud¾. fudkjdo@ we;a;gu uf.a ±ä lemùu iy mqyqKqùu ;uhs uf.a l%Svd uÜgu tl fia ;nd .ekSug fya;=j'  Tn ksfhdackh l< l%Svd iudch i|yka lf<d;a@ uu wjqreÿ 13la muK y,dj; fïßhkaia l%Svd iudchg' uu wjqreoaola tys kdhl;ajho ±rejd' b;ska ug f.or jf.a ;ud y,dj; fïßhkaia l%Svd iudch'

 ckl fï;dla ÿrg Tn wd .ufka§ Tng Woõ Wmldr l< wh .ek i|yka lf<d;a@ Tõ" uu uq,skau lshQ mßÈ uu y,dj; l%Svd iudchg ne÷kq miq tys f,alï f.dâ*%s Þnf¾ uy;d iy mqyqKqlre ufyaIa ùrisxy uy;do" Y%S ,xld —tA˜ lKAvdhfï wkQI iurkdhl" msh,a úfÊ;=x. iy frdfïIa l¿ú;drK hk uy;ajreo" ud fiajh lrk fcdaka lS,aia wdh;kho tys fg%j¾ rdcr;akï uy;d we;=¿ yefudau ug fyd| iyfhda.hla ,ndfokjd'  Tn tx.,ka;fha l%Svd lrk l%Svd iudch l=ulao@ uu —fkdÜ yeáì î fmda,a˜ lsh,d l%Svd iudchlg l%Svd lrkafka'  Tn fldmuK ld,hla tx.,ka;fha l%Svd l,do@

uu jir 6la muK l%Svd l<d' fuu l%Svd iudcfha l%Svd lrk m<uq jirhs fï'  wkd.; n,dfmdfrd;a;= fudkjdo@ l%Svlfhl= f,i uf.a tlu n,dfmdfrd;a;=j Y%S ,xld cd;sl lKAvdhu ksfhdackh lsÍu' uu Wmßu oialï fmkak,d ;sfnkjd' uu ys;kjd fï jif¾j;a ug wjia:djla ,efnhs lsh,d'  Tnf.a mjqf,a úia;r i|yka lf<d;a@ uf.a ìß| iaùkd ksYdks is,ajd' wehf.ka ,efnk iyfhda.h b;d by<hs' ug mqf;la bkakjd' Tyqg jhi 3hs' Tyqf.a ku ¨ùka' wms ;=kafokd fndfydau i;=áka Ôj;a fjkjd'

rejka fiakdr;ak


20

hqo yuqÞfõ uOqrx.f.ka yd cdklSf.ka cd;sl jd¾;d Y%S

,xld u,, l%Svd ix.uh 89 jk jrg mj;ajkq ,enQ cd;sl u,, l%Svd ;r.dj,sh miq.shÞ Èh.u uyskao rdcmCI l%Svdx.Kfha§ ksudjg m;a úh' fuu ;r.dj,shg Y%S ,xldfõ isák ish¨u iqmsß l%Svlhska we;=¿j l%Svl l%Säldjka 1000 lg wdikak msßila iyNd.s ù

89 cd;sl u,, l%Svd Wf<,

;r. jd¾;d /ila msysg jQ ksud,s óg¾ 1500 ;r.h wjika l< fudfyd;'

;snq‚' Èk ;=kla ;siafia meje;s fuu ;r.dj,shg úfoaYhkays mqyqKqj ,nñka isá pñkao úfÊfldaka ^flkahdj&" pkaøsld iqNdIskS yd fIydka wfòmsáh ^cefuhsldj&" l%siaàka fidkd,s fuß,a yd uxcq, l=udr ^wefußldj& hk l%Svl l%Säldjkao iyNd.s jQy' tu l%Svl l%Säldjka ish¨fokdu ;uka iyNd.s jQ biõ myiqfjka ch.ekSug iu;a jqjo Tjqka lsisfjl=g fyda jd¾;d w¨;a lsÍug fkdyels ùuo úfYaI;ajhla úh' tfia jqjj;a ;r.dj,sh ;=< oialï ±lajQ Y%S ,xld hqo yuqÞfõ cdklS .,afyak ñáh úislsÍu ldka;d ;r.fha§ óg¾ 40'25l ÿrla igyka fldg m<uqjk cd;sl jd¾;dj msysg jQjdh' tys we;s wfkla úfYaI;ajh jQfha óg¾ 40 blaujQ ÿrla jd¾;d l< m<uqjk Y%S ,dxlsl l%Säldj weh ùuh' Y%S ,xld hqo yuqodfõu l%Svlfhl= jQ fÊ' tA' tia' uOqrx. fy,a, úislsÍfï ;r.fha§ óg¾ 77'29 l ÿrla igyka ;nd fujr jd¾;d jQ fojk cd;sl jd¾;dj msysgjkq ,eîuh' fuu cd;sl jd¾;d folg wu;rj Y%S ,xld .=jka yuqÞj ksfhdackh l< ví,sõ' fla' t,a' tA' ksud,s óg¾ 3000 ndOl Èùfï ;r.h

l%Svd Wf<,g ri uqiq l< ixialD;sl ixo¾Ykhla

uxcq, l=udr óg¾ 2'24 lg by<ska msheUQ id¾:l msïu'


21 úkdä 10 ;;amr 44'92 lska wjika lsÍu yd óg¾ 1500 biõj úkdä 4 ;;amr 26'25 lska ksufldg Wf<, jd¾;d folla msysgqùug iu;a jQjdh' Wi mekSfï Y+r uxcq, l=udr o l,lg miq óg¾ 2'24l Wila ;rKh fldg oialï ±lajQ w;r miq.sh wdishdkq Y+r;d u,, l%Svd ;r.dj,sfha§ f,dalv molalï Èkd.;a ldka;d óg¾ 400 ndOl ;r.h ch.kakgo l%siaàka fidkd,s fuß,a o óg¾ 1500 msßñ ;r.h ch.kakg pñkao úfÊfldaka o iu;a jQy' fuu l%Svd Wf<f,a§ iqúfYaIS oialï ±lajQ ;j;a l%Säldjl jQ pkaøsld iqNdIskS riakdhl weh iyNd.s jQ óg¾ 200 yd óg¾ 400 hk biõ foflau myiq ch.%yK jd¾;d lr ;snq‚' fujr ;r.dj,shg uef,aishdj ksfhdackh lrñkao l%Svl l%Säldjka msßila iyNd.s jQ w;r Tjqka w;=ßka óg¾ 100 ldka;d ;r.fha m<uq yd fojk ia:dk fukau ñáh úislsÍu msßñ ;r.fhao ch.%yK Tjqka i;= jQy' u,skal úfÊfldaka

fy,a, úisfldg cd;sl jd¾;djla w;g .;a uOqrx.

l%Svd Wf<, ksudjg m;a l< óg¾ 400 ldka;d ;r.h ch.%dySj wjika l< pkaøsld iqNdIs‚'


22 f.%fkavdfjka f,dal Y+r;djg tk fmr<sldrhd

lsrdks fÊïia u

,, l%Svdfõ§ b;du;a pu;aldr ckl biõjla f,i óg¾ 400 ;r.hg ysñjkafka by<u ia:dkhls' iïmQ¾K Odjk m:hu wdjrKh lrñka tlsfkl mrhñka ;ukag wh;a ux ;Srefõu Odjkfha fhfok ;r. lrejkaf.a o¾Ykh l%Svd .drfha isák krUkakkg wmQre is;=juls' fï ksid fláÿr Odjkhg m%shlrK jeäfofkl=f.a m%sh;u biõj f,io óg¾ 400 ;r.h y÷kajd Èh yelsh' msßu óg¾ 400 ;r.fha f,dal jd¾;dj Wiq,kafka wefußldfõ uhsl,a fcdkaikah' Tyq tA i|yd .; lr we;s ld,h ;;a;amr 43'18 ls' fuu biõfõ È.= ld,hla n,h me;srùug Tyq iu;a jQ w;r tl, Tyqf.a m%n, m%;sjd§ka njg m;aj isáfha fcrï fjdßk¾ yd yeÍ frfkda,aâ jeks l%Svlhskah' uhsl,a fcdkaika tu jd¾;dj msysgqjd we;af;a 1999 wf.daia;= 26 jeksÞh' tA wkqj jir 12la ;siafia tu jd¾;dj ì| oukakg lsisjl=;a iu;a ù ke;' tfia jqj;a fuu jd¾;dfõ wdhq ld,h wjika lrkakg yelshdj we;s fhdjqka l%Svlfhl= fï Èkj, tA i|yd iQÞkï jk nj f.%fkavd Èjhsfkka jd¾;d fjhs' Tyq y÷kajkq ,nkafka lsrdks fÊïia hk kñks' 1992 jif¾ iema;eïn¾ 1 jeksÞ f.%fkavd Èjhsfka Wm; ,o Tyq ;ju;a 19 jeks úho fkdblau jQfjls'


23 tfy;a jhig jvd l=i,;djkaf.ka msßmqka Tyq fï ui 27 isg iema;eïn¾ 4 jeksÞ olajd fldßhdfõ ã.= k.rfha meje;afjk f,dal Y+r;d u,, l%v S d ;r.dj,sfha§ ±kg óg¾ 400 biõfõ n,j;=ka f,i jecfUk fvukaáh % ia" mskv a ¾" fgdaks uelshß q yd c¾fïka f.dkaidf,ia jekakkag wNsfhda. lrkakg iQÞkïh' B<Õg 2012 jif¾ meje;afjk uq¿ f,dju ,kavka ;r.fha§ tlg tlalrk T,sïmsla l%Svd Wf<f,a§ msßñ óg¾ 400 biõfõ Tgqkq m<¢kakgo iQÞkïh' tA njg lsrdks miq.shÞ ,kavka k.rfha§u meyeÈ,s bÕshla m< lr ;snq‚' wf.daia;= 5 jeks isl=rdÞ ,kavka k.rfha meje;s ieïiqka vhukaâ ,S.a u,, l%Svd ;r.dj,sfha msßñ óg¾ 400 ;r.h lsrdks fÊïia m<uq jrg fcHIaG l%Svlhska w;rg tlaù jD;a;Sh ;;a;ajfha ;r.hlg iyNd.s ùu b;sydifha igyka ;eîh' tu ;r.fhka Tyq ch.%yKh lf<ah' th kslïu kslx ,o ch.%yKhla fkdjQfha ;r.h ksul< ld,h ;;a;amr 44'61la jYfhka igyka ùu ksidh' fuu ;r. ksñ ld,h fï jif¾ óg¾ 400 biõj i|yd igyka jQ fyd|u ld,h njg m;aj we;' f,dalfha ±kg isák óg¾ 400 biõfõ m%n,hkag lsrdks fÊïia mrdch lrkakg ±ka isgu iQÞkï ùug isÿjkafka by; ;r. m%Óm,h ksidu muKla fkdjk njo i|yka l< hq;=h' Tyqf.a w;S; oCI;d foi úuid n,k l< wjqreÿ 14§ Tyq

tu jhfia l%Svlhka w;r fyd|u ;r. ksñ ld,h igyka lr ;snQ l%Svlhdh' wjqreÿ 15§;a tA jd¾;dj lsrdks fÊïiagu ysñj ;snq‚' wjqreÿ 14§ Tyq ;;amr 47'86l ;r. ksñ ld,hla jd¾;d fldg wjqreÿ 15§ th ;;amr 46'96la olajd wvqlrkakg iu;aj isáfhah' óg jir follg by;§ tA olajd jir yhla ;siafiau Wfiaka fnda,aÜ i;=j ;snQ f,dal lksIaG óg¾ 400 ;r. jd¾;djo ì| jegqfka lsrdks fÊïia w;sks' ;jo 2009 jif¾ f.%fkavdfõ jif¾ l%Svlhd f,i iïudk Èkd .kakd úg Tyq 17 yeúßÈ úfha miqùuo úfYaI;ajhla f,i ie,lsh hq;=h' f.%fkavd Èjhsfka Ôj;ajk 1"10"000 l ck;djg lsrdks fÊïia ±ka nrgu nr

n,dfmdfrd;a;= yd isysk fmdÈ msáka ;E.s lr wjikah' tneúka ±ka Tjqka fkdbjis,af,ka n,d isákafka f,dal Y+r;d u,, l%Svd ;r.dj,sfha§;a" ,kavka T,sïmsla l%Svd Wf<f,a§;a tlS n,dfmdfrd;a;= bgqjk ;=reh' isysk ienE jk ;=reh'

u,skal úfÊfldaka


24

T,sïmsla b,lalh fidhd yS úÈk we

f.a ku È,aydrd i,a.dÿh' fld,a¨msáh fuf;daÈia; úÿy,ska wOHdmkh ,o weh mdi,a úfha § h.=,sh yd ljfm;a; úis lsÍu jeks u,, l%Svdjkag o fgksia" l%slÜ jeks l%Svdjkago iyNd.s ù ;snq‚' fuu f;dard .ekSï foi n,k úg meyeÈ,s jkafka È,aydrd ys; we§ f.dia we;af;a fh!jkshka jeäfokl=f.a leue;a;g k;=jk l%Svdjka fkdjk njh' tneúka ;re‚hka w;r weh fjkila we;s ;re‚hl f,i u;=ù fmkqkdh' fï jk úg È,aydrd tA ish¨ l%Svdjka w;yer oud we;' tfy;a tA ish,a, fjkqfjka wo weh ÿKq Ys,am l%Svdj f;dardf.k isákakSh' tho ;re‚hka jeä fofkl=f.a wdl¾IKhg k;=jk l%Svdjla f,i i|yka l< fkdyelsh' kuq;a ÿkak yd B;, kï fï jk úg wehg fyd|gu wdl¾IKh ù we;s nj meyeÈ,sj ±lsh yelsh' È,aydrd fï jkúg ÿKq Ys,am l%Svdfjka T,sïmsla mßidok uÜguo blaujd wjikah' tA ksid ±ka weh iQÞkï jkafka ,kavka T,sïmsla Wf<f,a§ Y%S ,xldj

È,aydrd ksfhdackh lsÍfï wjia:dj ,nd .ekSugh' miq.sh Èkl wm weh uqKq .eiqfKa fuf;la meñ‚ .uka uf.a igykaj we;s rij;a f;dr;=re isysm;a lrjkakgh'  ÿKq Ys,amh jf.a l%Svdjla f;dard .kak n, mE úfYaI fya;=jla ;snqKdo@ Tõ' 1992 jif¾ T,sïmsla l%Svd Wf<, meje;ajQfõ iamd[a[fha ndisf,dakd k.rfhahs' l%Svd Wf<, wdrïN lrk o¾Yk rEmjdysksfhka úldYkh l<d' uu ±lald b;d Wia ;ekl ;snqKq T,sïmsla myk o,ajkak ÿkq Ys,amsfhla wE; isgu weúf,ñka ;snqKq yShla T,sïmsla mykg ú¢k wdldrh' Tyq th id¾:lj l<d' ÿKq Ys,am l%Svdjg uf.a ys; ne÷fka fï wmQre o¾Ykh ±l .kak ,enqKq ksihs'


25  Tn tfyu kï myqfjksÞu ÿKq Ys,am l%Svdjg iïnkaO jqKdo@ wfka keye' t;fldg uu wjqreÿ 9la ú;r we;s kuq;a uf.a leue;a; ksidu fï l%Svdjg iïnkaO fjkak mq¿jka fldfyduo lsh, fydhkak wïñ;a fjfyiqkd' kuq;a ÿkq Ys,am l%Svdj ,xldfõ ckm%sh ke;s ksid fï l%Svdj .ek m;a;rj,;a f;dr;=re m<jqfka b;du;a l,d;=rlska' lsõjg úYajdi lrk tlla keye ÿKq Ys,am l%Svdjg iïnkaO fjkak ug wjqreÿ 12l ld,hla .; jqKd'  wehs tmuK ld,hla .; lf<a@ ug tA wjia:dj ,enqfK;a ojila bx.%Sis m;%hl m<lr, ;snqKq cd;sl l%Svlfhl=f. f;dr;=re iys; ,smshla lshjkak ,enqKq ksihs' uu tA f;dr;=re wkqj tÞu iq.;Þi l%Svd ixlS¾Khg weú;a ÿKq Ys,am ix.ufha iNdm;s tÉ' hQ' is,ajd uy;d uqK .ekqKd'  fyd|hs Bg miafia fudlo jqfKa@ miafi fkdfjhs tÞu udj Èk 3l mqyqKqjlg f;dar .;a;d' Th ojiaj,u Y%S ,xlka .=jka fiajh ixúOdkh lrk wdOqksl ÿKq Ys,am ;r.dj,sho meje;aùug ie,iqï lr ;snqKd' ug;a tAlg b,a¨ï m;%hla hjkak wjia:dj ysñ jqKd' ;r.dj,shg uu iyNd.s jqfKa Èk 3l mqyqKqjlska' kuq;a uu tu ;r.dj,sfha ldka;d wxYfha ;=kajk ;ek Èkqjd'  Tn fuf;;a meñ‚ .uka u. fláfhka i|ka lf<d;a@ Y%S ,xlka .=jka fiajd ch.%yKh;a iu. ug fld<U ÿKq Ys,am l%Svd iucfha idudðl;ajh;a ysñjqKd' 2005 jif¾§ ug wjia:dj ,enqKd cd;sl ms,g tlajkka' t;eka isg wo jk úg ug cd;sl yd wka;¾ cd;sl ;r. ud,d /ilg iyNd.s ù w;a±lSï ,nd .kak;a yelsjqKd'

 T,sïmsla l%Svd Wf<,lg iyNd.s jkak wjYH wju mßidok uÜgu Tn miq lr,o bkafka@ Tõ' T,sïmsla l%Svd Wf<,lg iyNd.s fjkak wju ,l=Kq iSudj jk 1230 miqlr ;sìh hq;=hs' ug ,l=Kq 1279la ;sfhkjd' wkfmaCIs; isÿùulska b;d,s ;r.dj,sfha§ ,l=Kq 10la wvq jqfKa ke;akï ug ,l=Kq 1289lau ;sfhkjd'  fudllao Tn Th lshk wkfmaCIs; isÿùu@ miq.sh cQ,s 2 isg 10 olajd b;d,sfha meje;s f,dal Y+r;d ÿKq Ys,am ;r.dj,shg uu Y%S ,xldj ksfhdackh lrñka iyNd.s jqKd' tys§ uu óg¾ 60 biõfõ§ ,l=Kq 328la ,nd .;a;d' tA nj úoHq;a ,l=Kq mqjrefõo igykaj ;snqK;a uu fidhkak n,kafk ke;sj ,l=Kq 318la f,i igykaj ;snQ m%;sM, f,aLkhl w;aika l<d' miafia fï ixpdrhg l<ukdldßh f,i iyNd.s jQ iÔù is,ajd hqfrda 40la f.j, wNshdpkhla bÈßm;a l<d' kuq;a uu ,l=Kq 318g w;aika lr, ms<s wrka ;snqK ksid tA jro ksjerÈ lr.kak neß jqKd'  tA w;miq ùu ,kavka T,sïmsla iyNd.s;ajhg n,mEulao@ n,mEula keye lsh, lshkak;a neye' fudlo uu f,dalfha l%Säldjka w;r 57 jekshdg fYa%‚ .;fj,d ysáfha' th T,sïmsla iyNd.s;ajhg m%udKj;a ;;a;ajhla' kuq;a fï ;r.dj,sfha§ ug wysñ jQ ,l=Kq 10 ksid ia:dk 14la muK miaig hkak isoaO fj,d ;sfhkjd' fldfydu kuq;a wm bÈßm;a l< wNshdpkh idOdrK nj ms<s.;a f,dal Y+r;d ;r.dj,sfha ixúOdhlhka hqfrda 40 kej; ,nd ÿkakd' ±kg ;sfhk ;;a;ajh wkqj uf.a T,sïmsla iyNd.s;ajhg cd;sl T,sïmsla lñgqj Tjqkg yels iEu W;aidyhlau .ksù' ó<Õg ug

iyNd.s fjkak ;sfhk fgfyrdkays meje;afjk wdishdkq ;r.dj,shg' tA i|yd uu;a uf.a Wmßu yelshdjka fmkajkak n,dfmdfrd;a;= fjkjd'  ;r.dj,shlg iyNd.sùfï§ Tfí iQÞku fldfyduo@ we;af;kau ÿKq Ys,am l%Svdfõ§ m%Odk ;ekla fokak ´k udkisl tAld.%;djhghs' tA ksid ;r.hlg iQÞkï jk l%Svlhl= ;=< ishhg 80 l udkisl fhda.H;djla ;sìh hq;=hs' Ys,amSh l%uj,g yd ;dCIKhg ishhg 20la ;snqKdu fyd|gu we;s'  fyd|hs tfyu kï Tn fï l%Svdfjka iuq.kak leue;s fldhs wdldrhgo lshkak mq¿jkao@ t;k§ ug wruqKq folla keye' ug îðx T,sïmsla l%Svd Wf<,g iyNd.s ùug wjia:dj fkd,eî .sfha;a tA jif¾ m%xYfha meje;s ÿkq Ys,am f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfha§ ,l=Kq 3la wvqùu ksihs' tA ksid ÿkq Ys,am l%Svdfjka T,sïmsla l%Svd Wf<,la ksfhdackh l< m<uq jekakd hk iy;slh iys;j l%Svdfjka iuq.ekSu uf.a tlu n,dfmdfrd;a;=jhs'  b;sx È,aydrd Tng hula lshkak ;sfhkjd kï ±ka tA i|yd wjia:dj fokakï' ug fï ;rï ÿrla fï .uk tkak uf.a uõmshkaf.ka jf.au ifydaoßhf.kq;a Wmldr ,enqKd' tA jf.au ±ka uu fiajh lrk .=jka yuqÞfõ .=jka fldufodare fudydka fidhsid" mqyqKqlre kdu,a udiag¾" iÔù is,ajd yd uqÈ; f;dg.uqj fidfydhqrd f.kq;a ug ,efnk Yla;sh wm%udKhs' tA jf.au foúhka jykafiaf.a wdYs¾jdoh;a uf.a id¾:l;ajhg Wmldr jqKd lsh,d uu úYajdi lrkjd'

u,s÷ lú,xl


27

r.aì f,dal l=i,dkg kjiS,ka;h iQÞkñka

fujr f,dal r.aì ;r.dj,shg ;r. wjia:d folla we;=<;ah' m<uq jgh ,S.a l%uhg;a" fojeks jgh ms<su¿ka msgq ±lSfï l%uhg;a meje;afjk w;r m<uq jghg lKAvdhï 20la iqÿiqlï ,nd we;' ztA" î" iS iy ãZ ldKAvhka hgf;a m<uq jgh mj;ajkq ,nkafka tla lKAvhla hgf;a lKAvdhï myla ne.ska we;=<;ajh' óg l,ska j;dj,§ f,dal r.aì Y+r;dj ÈkQ kjiS,ka;h" tx.,ka;h" ´iafÜ%,shdj iy ol=Kq wm%sldj hk rgj, lKAvdhï fujr m%Odk fY%a‚.; ;;a;ajhla Wiq,hs' fujr l=i,dk ch .ekSug fmruqfKa isákafkao fï lKAvdhïh' m%xYh" iafldÜ,ka;h" wh¾,ka;h iy fõ,aih m%Odk lKAvdhïj,g wNsfhda.hla úh yels lKAvdhïh' cmdkh fujr f,dal r.aì ;r.dj,shg iqÿiqlï ,nd isák wdishdfõ tlu lKAvdhuhs' fujr ;r.dj,sfha fojeks jghg we;=<;a w¾O wjidk mQ¾j" wjidk mQ¾j iy wjidk ;r. wdrïN jkafka Tlaf;dan¾ 8 jeksÞh' wjika ;r.h ´la,kaâ kqjr Bâka mdla l%Svdx.Kfha§ Tlaf;dan¾ 23 jeksÞ meje;aùug f,dal r.aì ix.uh úiska ie,iqï fldg ;sfí' m<uqjeks f,dal l=i,dk r.aì ;r.dj,sh ´iafÜ%,shdj iy kjiS,ka;h hk rgj, Þhl;ajh we;sj mj;ajkq ,enqfõ 1987§h' tÞ

2011

f,dal l=i,dk r.aì ;r.dj,sh iema;eïn¾ 9 jeksÞ kjiS,ka;fha ´la,kaâ kqjr§ we/fUhs' Bvka mdla l%Svdx.Kfha meje;afjk iudrïNl ;r.hg i;aldrl kjiS,ka;h iy fgdx.d lKAvdhï ;r. jÈhs'

m<uqjeks f,dal Y+rhska jqfKa kjiS,ka;hhs' fuf;la f,dal l=i,dk ;r.hl§ ±jeka;u ch.%yKh jd¾;d fldg we;af;a kjiS,ka; lKAvdhula úisks' 1995 ;r.dj,sfha uq,a jgfha ;r.hl§ kjiS,ka;h úiska cmdkh ,l=Kq 145-17 lska mrdch lrk ,§' fuu ±jeka; ch.%yKhg W;aiyl Èkqï 21la jd¾;d jQ w;r ths 20la f.da,a Èkqï njg mj¾:kh lf<a iuhska l,afyaka l%Svlhdhs' 2003 ;r.dj,sfha ;r.hl§ ´iafÜ%,shdj ,l=Kq 142-0lska keïìhdj meroùh' fuh ;j;a ±jeka; j¾;djls' f,dal l=i,dkg ;r. l< l%Svlhska w;r tx.,ka;fha fcdkS ú,alskaika iqúfYaIS l%Svlhls' 1999 iy 2007 w;r f,dal ;r. ;=klg iyNd.s jQ ú,alskaika ;r. 15lg iyNd.s ù tx.,ka; lKAvdhug ,l=Kq 249la ,nd ÿkafkah' by<u ,l=Kq jd¾;djg ysñlï lshk ú,alskaika iu. fcdakd f,duq ^kjiS,ka;h& .%dkaÜ f.dalaia ^kjiS,ka;h& .eúka fyiaákaia ^iafldÜ,ka;h& iy fâúâ leïmSis ^´iafÜ%,shdj& f,dal ;r.dj,sfhka wu;l fkdjk l%Svlhskah'

o¾Yk wurisß


26 fgksia msáfha Ök wNsudkh

,S-kd Ö

kh cd;Hka;r l%Svdfõ kj;u Y+rhskah' 2008 îðx T,sïmsla Wf<f,a iuia; ch.%yKh tu Y+r;djh by< kexùuls' u,, l%Svd" mdmkaÿ" neÜñkagka" fÜn,a fgksia" msyskqï" fndlaisx" cQfvda jeks l%Svdjka j,§ Ök l%Svl l%Säldfjda by<u ch.%yK /ila bl=;a ld, jljdkqfõ jd¾;d l<y' Ökh i;= ie,iqï iy.; l%Svd ie,eiafï kj;u Yßhla miq.shÞ u;= jQjdh' weh fgksia l%Säld ,S-kdh' miq.shÞ wjika jQ m%xY újD; fgksia ;r.dj,sfha§ ,S-kd ldka;d tAl, Y+r;dj Èkd .;a;dh' .%Ekaâ ia,Eï fgksia Y+r;djla ÈkQ m%:u wdishdkq yd Ök l%Säldj jkafka ,S-kd h' —uu ys;=fõ keye m%xY újD; ;r.dj,sfha wjidk ;r.hg jrula ,efíú lsh,' ;r.h m%n,hs' l%Säldjka Y+rhs' kuq;a uf.a isyskh ienE lr .kak mq¿jka jqKd'˜ ,S-kd fufyu lsõfõ Y+r;d l=i,dk oE;g .;a miqjhs' bl=;a ckjdß udifha meje;a jQ ´iafÜ%,shdkq újD; ;r.dj,sfha ldka;d tAl, wkqY+r;dj;a ,S-kd úiska Èkd .kq ,enqjdh' tys wjidk ;r.h meje;ajqfKa iqmsß l%Säld la,Sõ la,siag¾ia iu.h' Ök l%Säldjla .%Ekaâ ia,Eï Y+r;djl wjidk ;r.hg msúiqKq m%:u wjia:djo thhs' m%xY tAl, wjidk .egqfï ,S-kd w;ska mrdch jqfKa b;d,sfha m%ekafiiald Ishfjdakah' ch.%yK ,l=Kq 6-4 iy 7-6 la jYfhks' bl=;a jif¾ m%xY tAl, ldka;d Y+r;dj ÈkQ Ishfjdaka .%Ekaâ ia,Eï Y+r;djla ÈkQ m%:u b;d,s l%Säldj f,io jd¾;d.; jQjdh' ,S-kd 29 yeúßÈh' m%xY Y+r;dj Èkd .kakd úg wef.a jhi wjqreÿ 29 udi 3l=;a ojia kjhls' th wdishdj me;af;ka jd¾;djls' fuf,i ch.%dyS jQ ,S-kd tx.,ka; úïn,avka ;r.dj,sfha§ fojeks jgfhka mrdch ,enqjdh' u;= Èfkl úïn,avka fgksia msáfha ch.%yKhla i|yd ;ud n,dfmdfrd;a;= w;ayer ke;ehs ,S-kd mjihs' fgksia msáfha úfõlhla ,o ieks,a miq.sh ojil ,S-kd uõìug .shdh' tys§ Ök ck;dj b;d WKqiqï wkaoñka wehj ms<s.;af;a —wfma ifydaoßh ,S-kdg iqnme;=ï˜ lshd ,shQ nek¾ m%o¾Ykh lrñks' ,S-kd Wmka yshqfí m%dka; n,OdÍka yd ck;dj tlaù wehg úfYaI Wmydrhla mqÞ iure ;s<sKhla iu. uqo,a ;Hd.hlao msß keuQy' Ökhg;a wdishdjg;a ,S-kdf.a Y+r;djh È.= l%Svd .uklg wdYs¾jdohla jkjd we;'

úrx. fiakdr;ak


27

r.aì f,dal l=i,dkg kjiS,ka;h iQÞkñka

fujr f,dal r.aì ;r.dj,shg ;r. wjia:d folla we;=<;ah' m<uq jgh ,S.a l%uhg;a" fojeks jgh ms<su¿ka msgq ±lSfï l%uhg;a meje;afjk w;r m<uq jghg lKAvdhï 20la iqÿiqlï ,nd we;' ztA" î" iS iy ãZ ldKAvhka hgf;a m<uq jgh mj;ajkq ,nkafka tla lKAvhla hgf;a lKAvdhï myla ne.ska we;=<;ajh' óg l,ska j;dj,§ f,dal r.aì Y+r;dj ÈkQ kjiS,ka;h" tx.,ka;h" ´iafÜ%,shdj iy ol=Kq wm%sldj hk rgj, lKAvdhï fujr m%Odk fY%a‚.; ;;a;ajhla Wiq,hs' fujr l=i,dk ch .ekSug fmruqfKa isákafkao fï lKAvdhïh' m%xYh" iafldÜ,ka;h" wh¾,ka;h iy fõ,aih m%Odk lKAvdhïj,g wNsfhda.hla úh yels lKAvdhïh' cmdkh fujr f,dal r.aì ;r.dj,shg iqÿiqlï ,nd isák wdishdfõ tlu lKAvdhuhs' fujr ;r.dj,sfha fojeks jghg we;=<;a w¾O wjidk mQ¾j" wjidk mQ¾j iy wjidk ;r. wdrïN jkafka Tlaf;dan¾ 8 jeksÞh' wjika ;r.h ´la,kaâ kqjr Bâka mdla l%Svdx.Kfha§ Tlaf;dan¾ 23 jeksÞ meje;aùug f,dal r.aì ix.uh úiska ie,iqï fldg ;sfí' m<uqjeks f,dal l=i,dk r.aì ;r.dj,sh ´iafÜ%,shdj iy kjiS,ka;h hk rgj, Þhl;ajh we;sj mj;ajkq ,enqfõ 1987§h' tÞ

2011

f,dal l=i,dk r.aì ;r.dj,sh iema;eïn¾ 9 jeksÞ kjiS,ka;fha ´la,kaâ kqjr§ we/fUhs' Bvka mdla l%Svdx.Kfha meje;afjk iudrïNl ;r.hg i;aldrl kjiS,ka;h iy fgdx.d lKAvdhï ;r. jÈhs'

m<uqjeks f,dal Y+rhska jqfKa kjiS,ka;hhs' fuf;la f,dal l=i,dk ;r.hl§ ±jeka;u ch.%yKh jd¾;d fldg we;af;a kjiS,ka; lKAvdhula úisks' 1995 ;r.dj,sfha uq,a jgfha ;r.hl§ kjiS,ka;h úiska cmdkh ,l=Kq 145-17 lska mrdch lrk ,§' fuu ±jeka; ch.%yKhg W;aiyl Èkqï 21la jd¾;d jQ w;r ths 20la f.da,a Èkqï njg mj¾:kh lf<a iuhska l,afyaka l%Svlhdhs' 2003 ;r.dj,sfha ;r.hl§ ´iafÜ%,shdj ,l=Kq 142-0lska keïìhdj meroùh' fuh ;j;a ±jeka; j¾;djls' f,dal l=i,dkg ;r. l< l%Svlhska w;r tx.,ka;fha fcdkS ú,alskaika iqúfYaIS l%Svlhls' 1999 iy 2007 w;r f,dal ;r. ;=klg iyNd.s jQ ú,alskaika ;r. 15lg iyNd.s ù tx.,ka; lKAvdhug ,l=Kq 249la ,nd ÿkafkah' by<u ,l=Kq jd¾;djg ysñlï lshk ú,alskaika iu. fcdakd f,duq ^kjiS,ka;h& .%dkaÜ f.dalaia ^kjiS,ka;h& .eúka fyiaákaia ^iafldÜ,ka;h& iy fâúâ leïmSis ^´iafÜ%,shdj& f,dal ;r.dj,sfhka wu;l fkdjk l%Svlhskah'

o¾Yk wurisß


28 uhsf,da l=i,dk mdi,a ±,amkaÿ ;r.dj,sh

Y%S

,xld mdi,a ±,amkaÿ ix.uh iSud iys; fkiaf,a ,xld iud.fï mQ¾K wkq.%yh we;sj ud;r uyck l%Svdx.Kfha miq.shÞ mj;ajk ,o uhsf,da l=i,dk wka;¾ mdi,a jhi iSud ±,amkaÿ ;r.dj,sfha§ msg msgu isõjk jrg;a tys iuia; Y+r;dj Èkd .kakg l=reKE., Y=oaO jQ mjqf,a lkHdrduh iu;a jQy'

uhsf,da wkq.%yh 20 jk jrg;a ysñjQ fujr ;r.dj,sfha§ Tjqka jhi wjqreÿ 12ka my< Y+r;dj fukau wkqY+r;djo Èkd.;a w;r Bg wu;rj wjqreÿ 16ka my< yd wjqreÿ 18ka my< Y+r;do Tjqkaf.a N=la;shg iskak úh' jQjdh'


29 fï wkqj Y=oaO jQ mjqf,a lkHdrduhg Èkd.; fkdyels jQ wjqreÿ 14ka my< Y+r;djg l=reKE.,ska msgù hkakg bv fkd;enQ u,shfoaj nd,sldfjda th Tjqkaf.a whs;shg mjrd .;a;dh' Y=oaO jQ mjqf,a lkHdrduh m<uq jrg 2008 jif¾ § uhsf,da mdi,a ±,amkaÿ Y+r;dj Èkd.;a w;r t;eka isg fï olajd f.ù .sh jir y;f¾§u th Tjqkaf.a nQo,h njg m;alr .kakg iu;a ùu úfYaI;ajhls' tfia jqj;a miq.sh jif¾ Tjqka fuu ;r.dj,sfha jhia ldKAv y;f¾u Y+r;d Èkd .;a njo wm wu;l fkdl< hq;=h' Y%S ,xldfõ ish¨u Èia;%sla wdjrKh jk mßÈ uOHia:dk 16l mj;ajk ,o fuu ;r.dj,sfha uQ,sl jgfhka wjika ;r. i|yd iqÿiqlï ,nd .ekSug iu;aù ;snqfKa lKAvdhï 320ls' tA wkqj ±,amkaÿ l%Säldjka 4000la muK ud;r uyck l%Svdx.Khg tAlrdYS ù isáfhah' ;r.dj,sfha wjqreÿ 12ka my< jhia ldKAvfha wjika ;r.fha§ l=reKE., Y=oaO jQ mjqf,a lkHdrdufha —tA— lKAvdhu ,l=Kq 11-5 la f,i tu úÿyf,au —î˜ lKAvdhu mrojd Y+r;dj Èkd.;a;dh' wjqreÿ 14ka my< wjika ;r.hg Y+oaO jQ mjqf,a lkHdrduh iu. l=reKE., u,shfoaj nd,sldjka iqÿiqlï ,nd isá w;r tu ;r.fha§ u,shfoaj nd,sldjkag ,l=Kq 15-12l ch.%yKhla ysñjq‚' l¿;r nd,sldjka Y=oaO jQ mjqf,a lkHdrduh iu. wjika ;r.hg iqÿiqlï ,nd ;snqfKa wjqreÿ 16ka my< jhia iSudfjks' tu ;r.fha§ ,l=Kq 24-16 lska

u,s÷ lú,xl

Y=oaO jQ mjqf,a lkHdrduhg ch w;a úh' wjqreÿ 18ka my< wjika ;r.fha§ Y=oaO jQ mjqf,a lkHdrduh ch.%yKh lrkq ,enqfõ fld<U úYdLd úÿy, ,l=Kq 39-24lska mrdch lrñks' fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ wjqreÿ 12ka my< yd wjqreÿ 18ka my< oCI;u l%Säldjka f,i ms<sfj<ska Y=oaOjQ mjqf,a lkHdrdufha uÍkd ;s<s‚ yd ÿ,x.s jkaks;s,l hk l%Säldjka iïudk ,eîh' óg wu;rj wjqreÿ 14ka my< oCI;u l%Säldj f,i u,shfoaj nd,sldfõ iq.kaÈrd f;kakfldakao wjqreÿ 16ka my< oCI;u l%Säldj jYfhka l¿;r nd,sldfõ iÑks ksre‚ld frdoaß.= o iïudkhg md;% jQjdh'

oCI;u l%Säldfjda( 12ka my< uÍkd ;s,s‚ ^Y='m'lkHdrduh&" 14ka my< à'tï'à' iq.kaord ^l=reKE., u,shfoaj nd,sld&" 16ka my< YIs‚ ysre‚ ^l¿;r nd,sld&" 18ka my< ÿ,x.s jkaks;s,l ^Y='m' lkHdrduh&

iuia: Y+r;dj ÈkQ l=reKE., Y=oaOjQ mjqf,a lkHdrdu l%Säldfjda md¾,sfïka;= uka;%S kdu,a rdcmCI iu.'


30 Y%S

,xld l%slÜ l%Svdjg fkdueflk igyka ;enQ —ms;s m%ydrlhd˜ kñka úfYaIs; kduhla Èkd .;a ik;a chiQßh lS¾;su;a hq.hla ksud lrñka tlaÈk ;r. msáfhka miq.shÞ iuq.;a;d' ik;a ;udf.a iuq .ekSu igyka lf<a bl=;aÞ tx.,ka;fha§ wjika jQ Y%S ,xld tx.,ka; tlaÈk ;r.dj,sfha§hs'

ik;a tlaÈk msáhg ksudj ;enqfõ ;udf.a 42 jeks Wmka Èkhg Èk follg l,ska tx.,ka;fha ´j,a msáfha§ ik;a j¾K,dNS tlaÈk msáfha ;r. 445la l%Svd l<d' ;r. w;ska fojeks jkafka bkaÈhdfõ iÑka f;kavq,aldg muKhs' ik;a m%:u tlaÈk ;r.hg l%Svd lf<a 1989 foieïn¾ 26 jeks ´iafÜ%,shdj iu. fu,an¾ka j,§ 445 jeks tlaÈk ;r.h 2011 cQ,s 28 jeksÞ' ;r. ld,h wjqreÿ 21 ojia 180la jk w;r ±kg tlaÈk ;r. msáfha jeäu ld,hla /÷K jd¾;dj thhs' fï jd¾;djg ióm l%Svlhd;a iÑka f;kavq,aldhs' iuqÿkakg miq ik;a chiQßh kñka mj;sk tlaÈk ;r. jd¾;dj fufyuhs' ;r. 445 - bksï 433fkd±ùï 18 - jeäu ,l=Kq bksu 189 uq¿ ,l=Kq 13430 idudkH 32'36 Y;l 28 - w¾O Y;l 68 - Wv mkaÿ 123 - y;f¾ myrj,a 1500 - yfha myrj,a 270' mkaÿ heùu mkaÿ 14"874 ,l=Kq 11"871 lvq¨ 323 - fyd|u mkaÿ heùu ,l=Kq 29$6 - idudkH 36'75lvq¨ 5la ojd,Sï 5 - lvq¨ 4la ojd,Sï - 8 ik;af.a jeäu ,l=Kq bksu 189 jd¾;d jqfKa 2000 idcdj, meje;s ;r.hl§ bkaÈhdj iu.hs' th mkaÿ 161l§ y;f¾ myrjka 21la iy yfha myrj,a 4la we;=<;a jQ bksula' tÞ ihsâ wkaj¾ kñka meje;s ,l=Kq 194 tlaÈk jd¾;dj ik;ag .s,syS .sfha ,l=Kq yhlska' ik;a l%Svd l< fï bksu ksid tÞ ;r.fhka Y%S ,xldjg ±jeka; chla bkaÈhdj yuqfõ ,enqjd' ik;a ;udf.a m<uq tlaÈk Y;lh jd¾;d lf<a kjiS,ka;h iu. 1994 §' ,l=Kq 140l fï wk.s Y;lh jd¾;d jqfKa bksï 64lg miqjhs' 1996 Y%S ,xldj f,dal l=i,dk Èkd .ks;a§ ;r.dj,sfha jákdu l%Svlhd jqfKa ik;a' ;udf.a ;=ka bßhõfõ

ik;af.a tlaÈk ;r. iuh jd¾;d.;hs lS¾;s kduh Y%S ,xldjg ik;a ,l=Kq 286la jd¾;d lrñka Y%S ,xldjg úYsIag ch.%yKhla ,nd §ug;a Þhl jqKd' fuu bksfï§ Y;lh mkaÿ 71l§;a ,l=Kq 150 mkaÿ 95l§ jd¾;d l< ik;ag tx.,ka;h mrdch lrñka ;r. 5-0l ch.%yKhla ,nd.;a ;r.dj,sfha§ oCI;u l%Svlhd iïudkh ,enqKd' úfYaIfhka Y%S ,xld l%slÜ f,da,Skag;a wks;a me;af;ka iuia; l%slÜ f,da,Skag;a wmuK jQ wdiajdohla ,nd ÿka ik;ag wfma m%Kduh

oialï tÞ by<skau m%o¾Ykh lrñka ik;a È.= .ukla hd yels l%slÜ .ukg ia:djr mokula fhdÞ .;a;d' 96 f,dal l=i,dk iufha l%slÜ úpdrlhska ,shQ igykaj, ik;a .ek i|ykaj ;snqfKa Y%S ,xld lKAvdhug È.= .ukla hd yels l%Svlhl= u;=j we;s njhs' tlaÈk fukau fgiaÜ ;r. 110l§;a" l%slÜ jd¾;d fmd;g by<u jd¾;d ;eîu;a" úpdrlhska mejiqjdla fuka È.= ld,Sk l%slÜ .ukla hdu;a tA igyka ish,a,u ikd: lsÍula' 1996 wfm%a,a udfia isx.mamQrefõ meje;s ;r.dj,shl§ ik;a l%Svd l< ,l=Kq 134 bksu;a wu;l lrkakg neßh' we;eï úpdrlhska tÞ fuu bksu .ek ,shd ;snqfKa ju;a ms;slrejl= l%Svd l< pu;aldr bksula f,ihs' yfha myrj,a 11la we;=<;a jQ tu bksu tlaÈk ;r.j, fõ.j;a Y;hla f,i;a jd¾;dj;a ;enqjd' ;j;a by< bksula ik;a 2006 tx.,ka;fha ,Sâia msáfha§ jd¾;d l<d' tu bksug ,l=Kq 152' Wmq,a ;r.x iu. tlaj m<uq lvq,a,g

wkqr fmf¾rd


31 mdi,a l%Svdj j¾Kj;a l<

uhsf,da j¾K m%Þfkda;aiajh l%S

vl l%Säldjkag j¾K yd iïudk msßkukafka Tjqka ;j ;j;a Èßu;a lrkakgh' iSudiys; fkiaf,a ,xld iud.u jir 18la ;siafiau mdi,a j¾K m%Þfkda;aijhg uhsf,da wkq.%yh ,nd fokafka tA wruqK we;sjh' Y%S ,xld mdi,a l%Svd iNdfõ yd wOHdmk wud;HxYfha tl;=fjka bl=;aÞ nKAvdrkdhl wkqiaurK iïuka;%K Yd,dfõ§ 2010 jif¾ oialï ±lajQ mdi,a l%Svl l%Säldjkag j¾K m%Þkh fldg Tjqka we.hSu ,la lsÍu isÿúh'

tys§ mdi,a l%Svl l%Säldjka 397 fokl=g j¾K ysñ jQ w;r 103 fokl=g l=i,dk iy;slm;a msß keóh' jif¾ oCI;u l%Svlhd f,i f;dard .ekqfka uykqjr ;%s;aj úÿy,a msyskqï l%Svl fyaIdka Wkïnqj l%Svlhdh' oCI;u l%Säldj f,i uykqjr uyudhd úÿyf,a msyskqï l%Säld udOù ùr;=x. iïudk ,enqjdh' oCI;u l%Svlhd iïudkh i|yd fyaIdka Wkïnqj iu. wdkkao úÿyf,a u,, l%Svl ,CIdka fldiaj;a; yd neâñkagka l%Svl ä,aIdka ldßh jiïo Ydka; mS;r úÿyf,a r.¾ yd meismkaÿ l%Svl fIdkd,a vhiao iqÿiqlï ,nd ;snq‚' udOù ùr;=x. iu. wef.a úÿyf,au u,, l%Säld wdlaId yd udr,kao" Wiia nd,sld úÿyf,a msyskqï l%Säld ñksrejkS iurfldaka" fïimkaÿ l%Säldjka jk foajdkkao úÿyf,a

;drekHd yIskS yd u,shfoaj nd,sldfõ ;dßød ùrfldaka wd§kaf.a kïo oCI;u l%Säld iïudkh i|yd i,ld ne,Sh' fï w;r ke.S tk l%Svlhd iïudkh yd l%Säld iïudkoh wïn,kaf.dv O¾udfYdal úÿyf,a yiska; YIsrx. yd kqjka kfjdaoHd Èkd .;af;ah' fuu m%;sM,h wkqj oCI;u l%Svl l%Säldjka msyskqï l%Svdj Tiafia uykqjr k.rfhkao ke.S tk l%Svl yd l%Säldj fïimkaÿ l%Svdj Tiafia wïn,kaf.dv k.rfhkao iïudkhg md;%ùu úfYaI;ajhla úh' óg wu;rj oCI;u l%Svlhka iys; mdi, f,i fld<U wdkkao úÿy, iïudk ,eîh' wOHdmk wud;H nkaÿ, .=Kj¾Ok uy;df.a m%Odka;jfhka iïudk Wf<, meje;aú‚'

u,skal úfÊfldaka

jfï isg jif¾ ke.S tk l%Svl yiska; iYsrx. ^fïi mkaÿ&" jif¾ úYsIag l%Säld udOù ùr;=x. ^msyskqï&" jif¾ jYsIag l%Svl fyaIdka Wkïnqj ^msyskqï& úfoaY.;j isák Tyq fjkqfjka iïudk ,nd.;af;a fidfydhqßh fyaIdks Wkïnqj" jif¾ ke.S tk l%Säldj kqjks kfjdaoH ^fïimkaÿ&


32 fjf<|fiajd —tA˜ fldgfia ihidudðl l%slÜ ;r.dj,sfha ch

mdkÿr hqksfp,d lKavdhug

f

jf<|fiajd —tA˜ fldgfia ih idudðl l%slÜ ;r.dj,sfha wjika ;r.h mdkÿr hqksfp,d lKavdhu iy iage*¾â fudag¾ia lKavdhu w;r miq.sh cq,s 24 Èk fjf<| fiajd l%Svdx.Kfha§ meje;aúK'

tys§ iage*¾â fudag¾ia lKAvdhu mrojd mdkÿr hqksfp,d lKavdhug ,l=Kq 38la úYsIag chla w;aúh' uq,skau mkaÿjg myrÿka hqksfp,d lKAvdhu kshñ; mkaÿjdr 5 wjidkfha§ lvq¨ y;rla ±ù ,l=Kq 78la /ia l<y' tys§ ms;af;ka .hdka úfÊfldaka ,l=Kq 21lao kdhl u,ska is,ajd ,l=Kq 16la /ialrñka ;u lKAvdhug wk.s iyhla ,nd ÿkaky' Bg ms<s;=re jYfhka iage*¾â fudag¾ia lKAvdhu ish¨ lS%vlhska ±ù ,nd.; yelsjQfha ,l=Kq 40la mu‚' ms;af;ka oialï ±lajQ .hdka úfÊfldaka mkaÿ heùfukao oialï olajñka ,l=Kq 12$1 ,nd.;a w;r" wjika ;r.fha ùrhd jYfhka o Tyq iïudk Èkd .kakd ,§' Bg wu;rj hqksfp,d lKAvdhfï kdhl u,ska is,ajd ;r.dj,sfha oCI;u l%Svlhdg ysñ iïudkh Èkd.;a w;r" ;r.dj,sfha jeäu 6 myrj,a t,a, l< l%Svlhdg ysñ iïudkho Èkd .ekSug yels úh' mdkÿr hqksfp,d lKAvdhu m%:u j;djg —tA˜ fldgfia ihiduðl Y+r;djh Èkd.;a w;r thg kdhl u,ska is,ajdf.a kdhl;ajh fnfyúka bjy,a úh' fuu lKavdhfï mqyqKqlre f,i lghq;= lrkafka y,dj; fïßhkaia lKAvdhfï mqyqKqlre ufyaIa ùrisxy uy;dh'

pñkao fmf¾rd


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