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.%e*sla ks¾udKh ( mqIm a l=udr o is,j a d

A

2011 I l,dmh

B

f,dal l=i,dk úfYaI l,dmh


1

hq.hla j¾Kj;a l< wisßu;a ms;l s re frdahs vhia m%ldYkh Y%S ,la mí,sflaIka

msgj q 12

f,dal l=i,dk l%l s Ü meálsßh

l<ukdldr l¾;D l%i s f a gdam¾ rKisxy

l¾;D rejka fiakdr;ak

msgj q 14

tx.,ka; lKavdhug kj cjhla ms;l s re we,sig a hd¾ l=la

úfYaIdx. f,aLlhka o¾Yk ixÔj $o¾Yk wurisß$ î'fla'tia'fÊ' foaYm%h s $m%idÈld rdcmCI $mqnÿ q fldäldr$ wkqr fmf¾rd $§md,a fmf¾rd$ pñkao fmf¾rd

msgj q 18 PdhdrEm Ys,m a S ;=Idr rùkaø$mqIm a l=udr o is,j a d

ks¾udKYS,S msgq ie,iqu iy wlaIr ixfhdackh

vhka f.dauia wNsfhda.;d mdi,a fndlaixs ;r.dj,sh msgj q 20

2010-11 m%ñ s h¾ tlaÈk ;r.dj,sh tia'tia'iS' -flda,Ü a ia iu Y+rhska

mqIm a l=udr o is,j a d

Y%S ,la mí,sflaIka" muqKj q mdr" uyr.u ÿrl:kh( 0115 612330 Hot line : 0712408980 Fax( 0112850931 Bfï,a( sportsrilak@gmail.com fjí wvúh ( www.kreedaviththi.lk

msgj q 24

2011 c.;a fgksia msáh jeä ;r.ldß ,l=Kq my< fj,d msgj q 29


2

1996 f,dal Y+rhska

lsre<l wNsudkh l l=i,dk kjhl Y%S ,xldfõ by<u wNsudkh 1996 f,dal Y+rhska ùuhs' Y%S ,xld l%v S d b;sydihg rkajka u;lhla iksgy q ka l< fï Y+r;ajh f,dal Y+r;djla ysñjQ wurŒh m<uq jekakhs' 1996 Y%S ,xld lKAvdhu f,dal l=i,dk Èkd .;a f ;a w¾nq o ldÍ miqìula uOHfhah' wdrCIl fya;k + a u;= fldg olajñka ´iafÜ%,h s dj iy ngysr bka§h fldfoõ lKAvdhï m<uq jgfha ;r. i|yd furgg meñ‚fha ke;' kuq;a m<uq jgfha§ iïndífõ" flkahdj iy bka§h lKAvdhï mrojd bÈßhg .sh Y%S ,xld lKAvdhu B<Õ jgfha§ tx.,ka;h" bka§h lKAvdhï

f,da

jdia iy ud,sx. wurŒh jd¾;d mrdch fldg wjidk ;r.hg iqÿiqlï ,eîh' Y%S ,xldj iy ´iafÜ%,h s dj w;r mdlsi; a dkfha ,dfyda¾ kqjr§ wjidk ;r.h meje;ajf q Ka 1996 ud¾;= 17 jeksÞh' ;r.h ksudj ÿgqfõ lvq¨ 7l chla iu. —ú,ai˜a l=i,dkh Y%S ,xld lKAvdhug w;alr foñks' fndfyda l%l s Ü úpdrlhska lshQ wkdjels ì|

1996 Y%S ,xld lKAvdhu f,dal l=i,dk Èkd .;af;a w¾nqoldÍ miqìula uOHfhah' wdrCIl fya;k + a u;= fldg olajñka ´iafÜ%,h s dj iy ngysr bka§h fldfoõ lKAvdhï m<uq jgfha ;r. i|yd furgg meñ‚fha ke;'


3 fy<ñka ienE lKAvdhï ye.Su iu. úYsIg a oialï ud,djlao u.ska w¾cqk rK;=x. m%uL q Y%S ,xld lKAvdhu wfma uq¿ uy;a foaYhg by<u WoaOduhla ,nd ÿkafkah' l=i,dk Èkqjdg miqjÞ furg fndfyda mqj;am;a igyka lf<a —Y%S ,xld b;sydihg iqkoa ru fudfyd;la WÞjqK˜ njhs' tA wurŒh fudfyd; tÞ Y%S ,xldjg WÞ l< wjidk ;r.fha

2007 ;r.dj,sfha§ ud,sx. f,dal jd¾;d.; mkaÿ heùula lf<ah' tA ol=Kq wm%l s dj iu. meje;s ;r.fha§h' ol=Kq wm%l s dkq bksfï§ ud,sx. msg msg lvq¨ y;rla ojd,Sh' tlaÈk cd;Hka;r ;r. b;sydihg fï wurŒh jd¾;dj ;enQ m<uqjeks mkaÿ hjkakd Tyqh'

flá ,l=Kq igykla fuf,isks' TiafÜ%,shdj ,l=Kq 241$7 ^´jr 50& udla fÜ,¾ 74" ßlS fmdkaáka 45" uhsl,a fnjka fkd±ù 36" wrúkao o is,j a d 42$3 Y%S ,xldj ,l=Kq 245$3 ^´jr 46'3& wrúkao o is,j a d fkd±ù 107" wixl .=reisxy 65" w¾cqK rK;=x. fkd±ù 47 1996 ;r.dj,sh wu;l fkdjkakg Y%S ,xld lKAvdhu jd¾;d.; bksula l%v S d lf<ah' th m<uq jgfha flkahdjg tfrysjh' ;r.h meje;ajf q Ka uykqjr wia.ß s h l%Svdx.kfhah' Y%S ,xldj tÞ flkahdjg tfrysj lvq¨ 5lg ,l=Kq 398' tlaÈk ;r.j, f,dal jd¾;djla ;enQ fuu bksug ms;f a ;ka Þhl;ajh wrúkao o is,ajd ,l=Kq 145" wixl

.=reisxy 84" w¾cqk rK;=x. fkd±ù 75" ik;a chiQßh 44 iy frdfïIa l¿ú;drK 33' Y%S ,xld lKAvdhu

jd¾;d ;eî 96 bksfï§ ms<; s r = e bksug flkahdj lvq¨ 7lg ,l=Kq 254la /ia lf<ah' fuf,i uq¿ ;r.fha§ mkaÿ ´jr 100lg jd¾;d jQ uq¿ ,l=Kq lvq¨ 12lg ,l=Kq 652' th tlaÈk ;r.j, iuia; jd¾;djls' f,dal l=i,dk me;af;ka pñkao jdia wu;l fkdjk l%v S lfhls' th 2003 Tyqf.a wurŒh —yeÜßla˜ jd¾;dj ksidh' nx.a,dfoaYh iu. ;r.fha§ jdia ,l=Kq 25lg lvq¨

6la ojd,Sh' th jd¾;d.; jQfha ;ud hejQ m%:u ´jrfha§u lvq¨ y;rla ojd,Suhs' thska lvq¨ ;=kla uq,a mkaÿ ;=fka§ ojdÆ w;r cd;Hka;r tlaÈk ;r.hl§ m<uq mkaÿ ;=fkau lvq¨ ;=kla (Hattrick) ojdÆ m%:u mkaÿ hjkakd f,i jdia jd¾;d.; úh' fuh wurŒh jd¾;djls' f,dal l=i,dk ;r.j, wks;a jd¾;d.; Y%S ,xld mkaÿ hjkakd ,is;a ud,sx.h' 2007

2003 nx.a,dfoaYh iu. ;r.fha§ jdia ,l=Kq 25lg lvq¨ 6la ojd,Sh' th jd¾;d.; jQfha ;ud hejQ m%:u ´jrfha§u lvq¨ y;rla ojd,Suhs' thska lvq¨ ;=kla uq,a mkaÿ ;=fka§ ojdÆ w;r cd;Hka;r tlaÈk ;r.hl§ m<uq mkaÿ ;=fkau lvq¨ ;=kla (Hat-trick) ojdÆ m%:u mkaÿ hjkakd f,i jdia jd¾;d.; úh' ;r.dj,sfha§ ud,sx. f,dal jd¾;d.; mkaÿ heùula lf<ah' tA ol=Kq wm%l s dj iu. meje;s ;r.fha§h' ol=Kq wm%l s dkq bksfï§ ud,sx. msg msg lvq¨ y;rla ojd,Sh' tlaÈk cd;Hka;r ;r. b;sydihg fï wurŒh jd¾;dj ;enQ m<uqjeks mkaÿ hjkakd Tyqh' tf,iu fp;ka I¾ud" ilaf,aka uqig a dla" pñkao jdia iy fn%Ü ,S hk mkaÿ hjkakkag miq f,dal l=i,dkg — yeÜßla˜ tlla l< miajeks mkaÿ hjkakdo Tyqh' l%i S f a gdam¾ rKisxy


4

bka§h - Y%S ,xld - nx.a,dfoaY l%v S dx.K iy jeo.;a ;r.

;r. jÈhs ' w¾:dka ú ; iudrïNl W;aijhla meje;aùug lghq;= fhdÞ we;ehs' f,dal l%l s Ü iuq¿j mjihs' ;r. ud,dfõ§ Y%S ,xldj m<uq jgfha ;r. jÈkafka lekvdj" mdlsia;dkh" ka È hdj" Y% S ,xldj iy nx.a,dfoaYh 10 jeks f,dal l=i,dk l%l s Ü l=i,dkg i;aldr rgj,ah' fujr ;r. ish,a, fjkqfjka l%v S dx.k 13la fhdÞ .efka' rgj,a ;=fka l%v S dx.Kj, f;dr;=re fuf,isk's bkaÈhdj ^l%v S dx.K 8& Bvka .dvkaia ^fld,algd&" fmafrdia Id fldÜ,d ^È,a , s h &" Ñka k ia j dñ ^nex.f,da r h&" Ñoïnrï ^fpkakdhs&" mkacdí ^fudyd,s&" i¾Þ mfg,a ^wyuÞndoa&" úoarNd ^kd.am¾ Q & jkalfâ ^uqïndhs& Y%S ,xldj ^l%v S dx.K 3& wd¾' fm%u a Þi ^fld<U&" uyskoa rdcmCI ^yïnkaf;dg&" m,af,alef,a ^uykqjr& nx.a,dfoaYh ^l%v S dx.K 2& wyuoa fp!oaß ^Ñgf.dka& nx.a,d nkaÿ ^vld& fujr f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfha iudrïNl W;a i jh meje;a f jka f ka fmnrjdß 19 jeksÞ nx.a,dfoaYh vld kqjr§h' tÈku bkaÈhdj iy nx.a,dfoaYh

b

fmnrjdß fmnrjdß ud¾;= ud¾;= ud¾;= ud¾;=

20 26 01 05 10 18

flkahdj" ´iafÜ%,h s dj" iïndífõ iy kjiS,ka;h iu.h' Y%S ,xldj m<uq jgfha ;r. jÈk igyk my; ±lafõ' î'fla'tia'fÊ'foaYm%h s

lekvdj iu. mdlsi; a dkh iu. flkahdj iu. ´iafÜ%,h s dj iu. isïndífõ iu. kjiS,ka;h iu.

^yïnkaf;dg& ^fld<U& ^fld<U& ^fld<U& ^uykqjr& ^uqïndhs&

Y%S ,xldj ;r. jÈk ldKAvfha ;r. lSmhla iy w¾O wjidk mQ¾j ;r.hlao furg l%v S dx.kj, meje;afõ' fmnrjdß ud¾;= ud¾;= ud¾;= ud¾;= ud¾;= ud¾;=

23 03 08 14 19 24 29

mdlsi; a dkh iy flkahdj mdlsi; a dkh iy lekvdj mdlsi; a dkh iy kjiS,ka;h mdlsi; a dkh iy isïndífõ ´iafÜ%,h s dj iy mdlsi; a dkh fojeks w¾O wjidk mQ¾j ;r.h m<uq wjidk mQ¾j ;r.h

^yïnkaf;dg& ^fld<U& ^uykqjr& ^uykqjr& ^fld<U& ^fld<U& ^fld<U&

fujr ;r.dj,sfha fojeks wjidk mQ¾j ;r.h ud¾;= 30 jeksÞ bkaÈhdfõ fudyd,s j,§;a" wjidk uyd ;r.h wfm%, a a 2jeksÞ bkaÈhdfõ uqïndhsj,§;a meje;aùug kshñ;h'


5

l%l s Ü ms;"s lñi Ieïfmaka jdikdj iu. wu;l fkdjk isÿùï 1975 isg fuf;la mj;ajd ;sfnk f,dal l%l s Ü l=i,dk kjhl§ u;= jQ oialï isÿùï fndfydah' fïjd f,dal l=i,dk jxY l;dj yd ne£ mj;akd jQ wu;l fkdjk isÿùïh' fï tAjd lSmhl f;dr;=reh'

lms,g a Ieïfmaka 1983 f,da l l= i ,dk Èkd .;a ; bka § h lKA v dhug kdhl;a j h ÿka f ka iq m s ß l%v S lhl= jQ lms,a foaõ' bka§h lKAvdhu ch.%yKh lrd f.k hdfï§ lms,a wu;l fkdjk bksula l%v S d l<d' tA isïndífõ lKA v dhu iu. meje;s ;r.hl§ lms,a ,l=Kq 175la / ia l<d' bkaÈhdkq bksu ia:djr ;;ajhg f.kd fï bksu ksid lms,g a —Ieïfmak˜a fnda;,a 25la ysñjqKd' tx.,kaf;a —o ikafâ fg,s.d% ma˜ mqj;am; fï ;Hd.h lms,g a msß keuqjd'

w;aika 30"000l lñihla 1999 f,dal ;r.dj,shg iyNd.s jQ bka§h lKAvdhug cïfIâmq¾ m%foaYfha l%l s Ü f,da,k S a ±jeka; iqn me;=ula l<d' úYd, l%Svd lñihla ks¾udKh l< Tjqka thg 30"000la f,da,Skaf.a w;aika ,nd .;a;d' lKAvdhfï ch.%yKh fjkqfjka iqn me;+ Tjqka th tx.,ka;hg f.k f.dia lKavdhug ndr ÿkakd'

;d;a;hs mq;hs l%v S d lr,d 1975 f,dal ;r.dj,shg l%Svd l< kef.kysr wm%l s dkq lKAvdhug fvdk,aâ m%k s . a ,a kï l%v S lhd;a we;=,;aj isáhd' miq lf,l Tyqf.a mq;d fvßla m%ska.,a tx.,ka; lKAvdhug l%Svd l<d' fvßla tx.,ka;h fjkqfjka 1983 iy 1987 f,dal ;r.j,g iyNd.s jqKd' f,dal l%l s Ü l=i,dkg ;r. l< tlu msh-mq;= fofokd f,i fudjqka jd¾;d .;hs'

.%k s É s g mjqï folla 1979 ;r.dj,sfha§ bka§h ms, iu. meje;s ;r.fha§ ngysr bka§h fldfoõ msf,a f.dvka .%k s Ê s

Y;lhla /ia l<d' Y;lh iïmQ¾K l< wjia:dfõ foiShl muK fldfoõ f,da,k S a msßila msáh ueog meñK .sk % É s g iqn me;=jd' tla f,da,h s l= .%k s É s f.a idlalj = g mjqï fofla uqo,a fkdaÜgqjla oud ;snK q d' —mjqï fofla˜ Y;lhla /ia l< njg miqj .%k s É s g kul=;a mg neÿKd'

iaàõ fjda jdikdjka;hs 1999 ;r.dj,s f ha § ´iafÜ%,h s dj iy ol=Kq wm%l s dj w;r ;r.hla meje;ajqKd' tys§ fkd±ù ,l=Kq 120la /ia lrñka kdhl ia á õ fjda ´ia f Ü% , s h dkq lKA v dhu ch.%yKh lrd f.k .shd' iaáõ ,l=Kq 56la ,nd isáh§ ol=Kq wm%sldkq msf,a y¾I,a .síia myiq Wv mkaÿjla w; yeßhd' ;ukaf.ka isÿjqK wvqmdvqj .ek .síia miqj m%ldY lf<a wf;a weÕs,, a l ;jrd ;snK q fnfy;la ksid Wvmkaÿj .s,y s s .sh njhs'

iqn m;kak l%l s Ü ms;; a la 2007 ;r.dj,shg .sh nx.a,dfoaY lKAvdhgu iqn m;kak trg fjf<| iud.ula ±jeka; l%l s Ü ms;; a la ks¾udKh l<d' fï ms;; a wä 70la È wä wgla m<, tlla' nx.a,dfoaY l%l s Ü f,da,k S a oY ,CIhl w;aika fuu ms;; a g tla flreKd' f,dal l=i,dk Èkd fkd.;a;;a nx.a,dfoaY f,da,Ska ;ukaf.a lKAvdhug by< iyhla m< l<d'

lKAvdhug fydlS l%v S lhska 1983 tx.,ka;fha meje;s ;=kajeks ;r.dj,shg isïndífõ lKAvdhu;a ;r. jeÿKd' isïndífõ lKAvdhug fydlS l%v S d l< mia fofkl= we;=<;a ùu úfYaI;ajhla' fuu l%v S lhska miafokdu l%l s Ü iy fydlS l%v S djka folgu tlfia oCI;d fmkakï q l<d' mSg¾ frdaika kï l%v S lhd tÞ trg cd;sl fydlS lKavdhfï kdhlhd f,io lghq;= l<d' o¾Yk wurisß


6

2010 fndlaixs la,* s â Y+r;djh ÈkQ

iñ;a yS,an;afoksh iq.h s Þ meje;s 2010 fndlaixs la,* s ¾â Y+r;d ;r.dj,sfha fyd|u l%v S lhd f,i iïudk ,enqfha mkak, ia,ï s ,hska l%v S d iudcfha l%v S d lrk iñ;a yS,w a n;afokshhs' fndlaixs l%v S lfhl= f,i b;d È.= .ukla hEug yels ;reK l%v S lfhl= f,i Tyq ye¢kaúh yel' iñ;a yS,a n;afoksh l%v S d ú;a;s iÕrdj iu. meje;ajQ iïuqL idlÉPdjls fï' Tn fndlaixs l%v S lhl= f,i l%v S djg fhduq jqfKa fldfyduo@ fndlaixs l%v S dj f;dard.ekSug úfYaI fya;j = la ;snK q do@ uu wjqreÿ 13§ ;uhs fndlaixs l%v S djg fhduq jqfKa' uf.a mshd fyd| fria,k s a l%v S lfhla' Tyq ksid ;uhs uu fndlaixs l%v S djg fhduq jqfKa' uu uq,a ld,fha§ u,, lSv % dj iy msyk s ï q l%v S dj i|y;a fhduqù ;snK q d' kuq;a ug bÈßhg hkak mq¿jka fndlaixs l%v S dfjka nj f;areKd' tA jf.au ud wOHdmkh ,enQ uykqjr úoHd¾: mdif,;a ,xldfõ cd;sl ;,fha fndlaixs l%v S lhska ìysù ;sfnkjd' tAl;a fya;j = la jqKd fndlaixs l%v S dj f;dard .ekSug' Tn wOHdmkh ,enqfõ fudk mdif,ao@ uq,k s u a ud wOHdmkh ,enqfha udjke,a, Èlamá s h uOH uyd úoHd,fhka bkamiqj jeäÿr wOHdmkh i|yd uykqjr úoHd¾: úoHd,hg we;=,a ù Wiia wOHdmkh olajd bf.kqu ,enqjd'

m

Tn mdi,a ld,fha§ fndlaixs l%v S dj i|yd olajmq oCI;djh .ek i|yka lf<d;a uu mdi,a ld,fha§ uq,k s u a iyNd.s jqfKa jhi 19 my< t,a' ù' chùr l=i,dk i|yd tys§ uu rka molalu Èkd .ekSug yelsjK q d' Tnf.a mdif,a ìysjQ oCI;u l%v S lhl= ;uhs uxcq jkakw s drÉÑ Tyqf.ka Tng ,enqKq iyfhda.h fln÷o@ Tõ' we;af;kau wms mqyK q ù q ïj, fhfok úg;a uxcq whsh,d mqyK q ù q ï fjk yeá;a n,df.k ysáhd' tA wdNdIh;a u. fmkaùu;a uf.a l%v S dj ÈhqKq lr .ekSug tl fya;j = la jqKd' tA jf.au ud l%v S d lrk yeu ;r.hl§u lrkak mq¿jka Wmßufhka wmsj ffO¾hu;a lrñka Wmfoia ,ndfoñka iyfhda.h ,ndÿkakd' tAl wmsg f,dl= Yla;h s la jqKd' Tn ±kg iyNd.s ù we;s úfoaY ixpdr .ek i|yka lf<d;a@ uu 2004 mdi,a fndlaixs l%v S lhl= f,i wdishdkq lefvÜ ;r.dj,shg iyNd.s jqKd' tys§ uu m<uq jgfha ;r.fhka fudkaf.d,shdkq l%v S lfhla mrdch lr ch.%yKh ,enqjd' Bg miq 2006 mdi,a l%v S lfhl= f,i

Pdhd ( mqIm a l=udr o is,j a d


7 ;reK wdishdkq Y+r;djh i|yd iyNd.sjK q d' th meje;=fKa bkaÈhdfõ§h' tu ;r.dj,sfha uef,aih s dkq l%v S lfhla mrdch lr f,dalv molalu ,nd .;a;d' 2010 j¾I wjidkfha meje;aùug ;snQ la,* s ¾â l=i,dk fndlaixs ;r.dj,sh 2011 ckjdß udih uq, meje;ajK q d' tys§ Tn kdúl yuqÞfõ l=udrisxy mrojd ,enQ ch.%yK .ek fudlo ysf;kafka' we;a;gu ikaf;daIhs' óg fmr 2010 f,agka ldka óÜ tflkq;a uu ch.%yKh l<d' l=udrisxyj mrojñka tA ksid uu f.dvla úYajdifhka ysáfha la,* s ¾â l=i,dkh .ek tys§ uu Wmßufhka l%v S d lr<d kej; jrla Tyqj mrdchg m;aflrejd' Tyq ;uhs 2010 id*a ;r.dj,sfha§ ߧ molalu ,nd.;a l%v S lhd' l%f s ,da .%Eï 64 ,hsÜ fjhsÜ Y+rhd Tnhs' bÈßfha Tnf.a n,dfmdfrd;a;= .ek i|yka lf<d;a@ uf.a m%Odk;u n,dfmdfrd;a;j = jkafka ó<Õg tk cd;sl Y+r;d ;r.dj,shg iyNd.s ù rka mollalu Èkd .ekSugh' wm rfÜ fndlaixs l%v S dj wo mj;sk ;;a;j a h .ek i;=gq úh yelso@ we;a;gu mq¿jka fudlo vhka f.dauia uy;d ksid wm rfÜ fndlaixs l%v S dj b;du;a ÈhqKq uÜugul mj;skjd' uu ys;kafka Tyq ,nd fok iyfhda.h ksid ;uhs ,xldfõ fndlaixs l%v S dj mj;skf a ka tA ;rug fndlaixs j,g Tyq Woõ lrkjd' tAl wms jeks l%v S lhskg a f,dl= jdikdjla yd Yla;shla'

vhka f.dauia uy;d ksid wm rfÜ fndlaixs l%v S dj b;du;a ÈhqKq uÜugul mj;skjd' uu ys;kafka Tyq ,nd fok iyfhda.h ksid ;uhs ,xldfõ fndlaixs l%v S dj mj;skf a ka tA ;rug fndlaixs j,g Tyq Woõ lrkjd' tAl wms jeks l%v S lhskg a f,dl= jdikdjla yd Yla;h s la' Tn /lshdj lrk ia,ï s ,hska wdh;kfhka ,efnk iyfhda.h .ek l;d lf<d;a@ 2010 j¾Ifha§ ;uhs uu ia,ï s ,hska wdh;khg iïnkaO jqfKa tys /lshdj me;af;ka jf.au l%v S dj me;af;ka bÈßhg hkak f,dl= wjia:djla ;sfhkjd' fndlaixs l%v S lhl= úÈyg ia,ï s ,hska wdh;khg iïnkaOùu ud ,enQ f,dl= Nd.Hhla' Bg fya;j = ±kg cd;sl Y+r;djhka /ila ysñlrf.k isák fndlaixs l%v S l l%ä S ldfjda /ila fuys / lshdj lrkjd' tA jf.au fuu wdh;kfha iudkH wêldß rejka lEr., uy;d ,ndfok iyfhda.h b;d w.h l< hq;h = ' fudlo wmg Tyqf.a wkq ±kqfuka wjYH ish¨ myiqlï ,eî ;sfnkjd' tAl l%v S dfõ bÈßhg hkak f,dl= Yla;h s la fndlaixs l%v S dfjka bÈßhg tk mdi,a l%v S lhskg a Tng Èh yels Wmfoia fudkjdo@ W;aidyh lemùu l%uj;a mqyK q j q wksjd¾hfhka

±kg cd;sl Y+r;djhka /ila ysñlrf.k isák fndlaixs l%v S l l%ä S ldfjda /ila fuys /lshdj lrkjd' tA jf.au fuu wdh;kfha iudkH wêldß rejka lEr., uy;d ,ndfok iyfhda.h b;d w.h l< hq;h = ' fudlo wmg Tyqf.a wkq ±kqfuka wjYH ish¨ myiqlï ,eî ;sfnkjd' tAl l%v S dfõ bÈßhg hkak f,dl= Yla;shla

wjYHhhs' fudlo fndlaixs lshkafka lKavdhula l%v S d lrk l%v S djla fkdfõ' ;ks mqo. a ,hl= l%v S d lrk l%v S djla' tAl ksid Wmßufhka ;ukaf.a oCI;djhka fmkaùfuka bÈßhg tkak mq¿jka' fndlaixs ;jÿrg;a wmrg ;=< ÈhqKq lsÍug Tn ys;kafka fudkjf.a jevms<f s j<la wjYHo@ uu ys;kafka ,xldfõ meje;afjk m%Odk fmf<a ;r. iÔùj l%v S d f,da,k s g a ±l n,d .ekSug úoHq;a udOHka ;=<k s a fmkaùug yels kï th;a l%v S dj ckm%h s lsÍug tl fya;j = la' tA jf.au oCIhska f;drd fírdf.k Tjqkg a úfoaY mqyK q j q ,nd§fuka fyd| fohla' ±kg;a tA foh wfma rfÜ l%shd;aul fjñka mj;skjd' mqyK q -q lrejka .ek

i|yka lf,d;a mdi,a wjêfha uf.a mqyK q l q re jqfKa tA' t,a' wuqK. q u' bkamiq mqyK q l q re jYfhka lghq;= lf<a ùrfiak ±ka uf.a mqyK q l q re jkafka ia,ï s ,hka l%v S d iudcfha y¾I l=udr" wkqreoaO r;akdhl" jika; l=udrg wu;rj lshn q dkq mqyK q l q re hgf;a ud jeäÿr mqyK q j q ,nkjd' Tnf.a mjqf,a úia;r .ek i|yka lf<d;a@ wïud .=rejßhla" ;d;a;d uyje,s wud;HxYfha isú,a bxðfkare iyldrjrfhla jYfhka lghq;= lrkjd' tAjf.au ug whshd flfkla bkakjd' fï ish¨fokdu uf.a l%v S d lghq;j = ,g iyh fokjd'

rejka fiakdr;ak


8

1975 2007

f,dal l=i,dk isysjgk

<uqjeks cd;Hka;r tla Èk l%slÜ ;r.h meje;ajqfKa 1971 §h' th ´iafÜ%,shdj iy tx.,ka;h w;r fu,an¾ka msáfha§ wyïfnka meje;ajqK ;r.hls' tlaÈk ;r.j, ckm%sh nj jeä fj;a§ f,dal l%slÜ iuq¿j (ICC) f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,shla meje;aùu i|yd mshjr .;af;ah' th 1975 m<uqjeks f,dal l=i,dk l%slÜ ;r.dj,shhs' tx.,ka;h i;aldrl rg úh' mDDfvkai,a rCIK iud.u mjqï ,CIhl wkq.%yhla ;r.dj,shg ,nd § Y+rhskag mDDfvkai,a l=i,dk msßkeuqfõh' 1975 f,dal Y+rhska jQ ngysr bka§h fldfoõ ms,g mjqï 4000l uqo,la msß keñK' wkq Y+rhska jQ ´iafÜ%,shdjg mjqï 2000ls' wjidk mQ¾j jghg msúiSu fjkqfjka tx.,ka;h iy kjiS,ka;hg mjqï 1000la ne.ska

m

1975 m<uqjeks f,dal l=i,dk l%l s Ü ;r.dj,shhs' tx.,ka;h i;aldrl rg úh' mDDfvkai,a rCIK iud.u mjqï ,CIhl wkq.y % hla ;r.dj,shg ,nd § Y+rhskg a mDDfvkai,a l=i,dk msßkeuqfõh' ysñ úh' f,dal l%slÜ iuq¿j mejiqfõ 1975 ;r.dj,sh yeu;skau id¾:l jQ njhs' uq,a jgfha ;r. 12 fm%aCIlhska 1"20"000lao f,daâia ys meje;s wjidk ;r.h 28"000la o kerUQ nj jd¾;d úh' ;r. kerUQ l%slÜ f,da,Skaf.a m%fõY m;%j,ska muKla mjqï fo,CIhl wdÞhula ,eìK' 9 jeks f,dal l=i,dk ;r. ud,dj 2007 meje;ajqfKa ngysr bka§h fldfoõ ¥m;aj,h' ßlS fmdkaáka fufyh jQ ´iafÜ%,shdkq lKAvdhu Y+rhska úh' tA msg msg ;=kajeks j;djgh'

la,hsõ f,dhsä

f,dal l%l s Ü l=i,dk ;r.dj,s kjhl Y+rhka iy wkq Y+rhska j¾Ih

Y+rhska

wkq Y+rhska

1975

ngysr bka§h fldfoõ

TiafÜ,shdj

1979

ngysr bka§h fldfoõ

tx.,ka;h

1983

bkaÈhdj

ngysr bka§h fldfoõ

1987

´iafÜ%,shdj

tx.,ka;h

1992

mdlsia;dkh

tx.,ka;h

1996

Y%S ,xldj

´iafÜ%,shdj

1999

´iafÜ%,shdj

mdlsia;dkh

2003

´iafÜ%,shdj

bkaÈhdj

2007

´iafÜ%,shdj

Y%S ,xldj

lms,a foaõ


9 bl=;a ;r.dj,s kjfha§ f,dal Y+rhska ù we;af;a rgj,a myla mu‚' 2007 ;r.dj,sfha meje;s ;r. .Kk 51ls' ;r.dj,sfha jeäu ,l=Kq bkaÈhdj úiska /ia l< w;r th' n¾ñhqvd lKAvdhug tfrysj lvq¨ 5lg ,l=Kq 413ls' bkaÈh bksu f,dal l=i,dk ;r.j, jeäu ,l=Kq bksuhs' l,ska fuu jd¾;djg ysñlï lshQ Y%S ,xldj 1996 ;r.dj,sfha§ flkahdjg tfrysj lvq¨ 5lg ,l=Kq 398la /ia lf<ah' 2007 ;r.dj,sfha wvqu ,l=Kq bksu /ia lf<a wh¾,ka; lKAvdhuhs' th Y%S ,xldj iu. ,l=Kq 77ls' bïrdka kiS¾ ^mdlsia;dkh& isïndífõ iu. ,l=Kq 160la /ia fldg jeäu ,l=Kq jd¾;d l< ms;slrejd úh' fyd|u ,l=Kq w;r /÷K ´iafÜ%,shdkq lKAvdhfï ms;slrejka ;uka iyNd.s jQ ;r.j,§ y;f¾ myrj,a 273lao" yfha myrj,a 67lao ,nd .;ay' 2007 ;r.dj,sfha§ ms;slrejka úiska t,a, lrkq ,enQ yfha myrj,a .Kk 373ls' y;f¾ myrj,a .Kk 1808ls'

Y+r;dj ÈkQ rgj, ch.%dys lKavdhïj, kdhlhska fï whqßks' j¾Ih 1975

kdhlhd la,hsõ f,dhsä

rg ^fldfoõ&

1975

la,hsõ f,dhsä

^fldfoõ&

1983

lms,a foaõ

^bkaÈhdj&

1987

we,ka fndav¾

^´iafÜ%,shdj&

1992

bïrdka Ldka

^mdlsia;dkh&

1996

w¾cqk rK;=x.

^Y%S ,xldj&

1999

iaáõ fjda

^´iafÜ%,shdj&

2003

ßlS fmdkaáka

^´iafÜ%,shdj&

2007

ßlS fmdkaáka

^´iafÜ%,shdj&

l%i S f a gdam¾ rKisxy

we,ka fndav¾

bïrdka Ldka

iaáõ fjda

w¾cqk rK;=x.

ßlS fmdkaáka


10

l%l s Ü lsre< fidhd hk ix.d m%uL q msßjrg l%v S d ú;a;s iqn me;=ï æ


11


12

hq.hla j¾Kj;a l< wisßu;a ms;slre Tyq ienúka u ;dlaIKfhka ms ß mq k a ol= K ;a ms ; s l refjls ' 70 oYlh ueo Nd.fha isg 80 oYlfha w. Nd.h ola j du bÈß fm< ms;l s rejl= f,i Y%S ,xld lKavdhu ksfhdackh lrñka f,da l mQ ð ; mka ÿ hjkakka bÈßfha fudyq úYsIG a oialï mEfõ Tjqka ;K;s,f a ,a ienúka u wirK lrñks ' fgiaÜ l%l s Ü msáfha § fukau tlaÈk l%l s Ü msáfha § tlfia oialï mdñka Y%S ,xld ms,g wurŒh ch.% y K /ila w;alr ÿka fudyq kñka frdahs vhia h' 1952 jif¾ wfm%, a a ui 18 jk Èk fld<U § fuf,dj t<sh ÿgq ¨hsla frdahs vhia nïn,ms á h Ydka ; mS ; r úÿyf,ka ìys jQ §ma ; s u ;a l%slÜ l%Svlfhls' ish mshd iu. ifyda o rhs k a mdmka ÿ l%Svlhska f,i kula Èkd isáh § Tyq 1962 jif¾ l%l s Ü l% S v djg fhduq jq f Ka tu wjêfha ish mdif,a mdmkaÿ ms,la fkd;snK q q ksid h' tys m%;M s ,hla f,i jhi wjqreÿ 14 imsfr;au úÿyf,a m<uq fm< l%slÜ ms, ksfhdackh lsÍfï Nd.H Tyqg Wodúh' m<uq fm< wka ; ¾ úoHd,Sh l%l s Ü ;r. ud,djg iyNd.sfjñka tu wjêfha

T

wfma me/‚ ;re frdahs Y;l msg Y;l ,nd fkd.;a; o tu ;r. fmf<a § Tyq ,l= K q w;r is á ms ; s l refjl= úh' tys m%;sM,hla f,i Tyqg 1972 jif¾ úÿ mshi yerhdu;a iu.u flda , a Ü ia ms , ks f hda c kh lrñka furg m<uq fm< l% s l Ü ;r. ud,djg ^irjkuq ; a ; = & iyNd.sùfï wjia:dj WÞúh' tu ;r. ud,djg iyNd.sfjñka ms;slrefjl= f,i Wiia oialï mE fuu fhdjq k a ms ; s l rejdg 1974 jif¾ ixpdrl ngysr bka§h fldfoõ ms , g tfrys j Y% S ,xld ms, ksfhdackh lsÍfï wjia:dj WÞúh' 1976 jif¾ ixpdrl bka§h ms,g tfrysj meje;s fojk tlaÈk l%l s Ü ;r.fha § Y%S ,xld ms, ksfhdackh lrñka Tyq ,l=Kq 80la /ia lf<a ìIka isx fíä" fjkalÜ r.jka iy È,sma fvdais jeks f,da mQð; oÕ mkaÿ hjkakka bÈßfha ms ; a f ;ka oia l ï mdñks' th frdahs vhia hk kduh cd;Hka ; r l% s l Ü

frdahs vhia

msáfha /õ ms</ s õ ÿka m%:u wjia:dj úh' 1979 jif¾ m%:u jrg tx.,ka ; fha meje;s fojk f,dal l=i,dk ;r. ud,djg iyNd.s jQ frdahs 1980 jif¾ ixpdrl ´iafÜ%,h s dkq ms,g tfrysj o 1981 jif¾ meje;s tx.,ka; ixpdrfha § o Wiia oialï mEfõ Y%S ,xld msf,a n,dfmdfrd;a;= by< kxjñks' 1982 jif¾ Y%S ,xld ms,

ksfhdackh lrñka tx.,ka; ms,g tfrysj meje;s ux., fgiaÜ ;r.hg iyNd.s jQ fuu wisßu;a ms;l s rejd tu ;r.fha fojk bks f ï § w.kd ,l= K q 77la /ia l r .ks ñ ka is h yels h djka uekúka m%o¾Ykh lf<ah' tu jif¾u meje;s ;r. ;=klska iuka ú ; jQ mdls i a ; dka ixpdrfha § ,l=Kq 53la" ,l=Kq 98la iy ,l=Kq 103la /ialr


13 .ekSug iï;a úh' wk;=rej tyq .ksñka ms;af;ka úYsIaG oialï 1987 jif¾ meje;s isõjk f,dal mEfõh' ish ux., fgiaÜ Y;lh l= i ,dk ;r. ud,djg o /ialr .ksñks' tlaÈk ;r. iyNd.s f jñka tx.,ka ; ms , ud,dfõ§ ,l=Kq 51la iy ,l=Kq iu. iyNd.s jQ wjika tla Èk 48la jd¾;d lf<a iqmr q eÿ oialï ;r.fha § ,l=Kq 80la /ialr h<s;a m%o¾Ykh lrñks' .ksñka ms;af;ka oialï mdkakg 1982 jif¾ h<s;a bka§h ms,g iu;a úh' frdahs iyNd.s jQ wjika tfrysj uÿrdisfha fpfmdla l%Svd cd;Hka;r ;r.h o th úh' msáfha meje;s bkaÿ - Y%S ,xld bka wk;= r ej fuu iq m s ß ux., fgia Ü l% s l Ü ;r.hg ms ; s l rejdg Y% S ,xld ms f ,a iyNd.sfjñka ,l=Kq 60la iy 97la ia:dkhla ysñ fkdúh' th furg Tyq /ialf<a bka§h l%Svd f,da,ska l%Svdf,da,ska f.a uú;hg fukau f.a fk;a is;a meyer .ksñks' tu lKiai,a,g fya;= úh' kuq;a ;r. fmf<a§u meje;s iSñ; ´jr 1989 jir olajd furg m<uqfm< ;r. ud,dfõ fojk tla È k l%slÜ ;r. ud,djg iyNd.s jQ ;r.hg iyNd.s f jñka frda h s frdahs bka wk;=rej l%Svdfjka ,l=Kq 102la jd¾;d lf<a Y%S ,dxlsl iuq.;af;a h' tA jk úg fgiaÜ ms;slrefjl= tlaÈk cd;Hka;r ;r. 20lg iyNd.s ù bksï 36l§ iSñ; ´jr ;r.hl § /ial< m%:u Tyq /ia lr .kakd ,o uq¿ ,l=Kq tla È k Y;lh o jd¾;dlr ixLHdj 1285ls' th Y;l 3la iy .ksñks' kej;;a f;jeks tlaÈk w¾O Y;l 8la we;=<;a jQ w;r ;r.fha § ,l= K q 121la /ia l r bks u l ,l= K q /ia ls Í fï .ks ñ ka bka È hdjg tfrys j idudkH 36'71la úh' bksul § ms;af;ka úYsIag oialï mEug Tyq /ia l< by<u ,l=Kq ixLHdj iu;a jQ f ha cd;Hka ; r l% s l Ü 109ls' óg wu;rj tlaÈk ;r. úpdrlhs k a f.a f.!rjhg o 58lg iyNd.s ù bksï 55l § Tyq md;%fjñks' tu ;r. ud,dfõ § /ialr .kakd ,o uq¿ ,l=Kq frda h s mka ÿ jg myrÿka Wiia ixLHdj 1573ls' thg Y;l 2la ;dCI‚l rgdj w.h l< foia iy w¾O Y;l 11la we;=<;a úh' úfoia l% s l Ü úpdrlhs k a Tyq bks u l ,l= K q /ia ls Í fï cd;Hka;r uÜgfï ms;slrefjl= 1982 jif¾ bka§hdjg idudkH 31'46ls' frdahs m<uq fm< njo ls h dmeug tÞ wu;l ;r.j, § /ialr .kakd ,o uq¿ fkdlf<ah' tfrysj meje;s iSñ; ´jr ,l=Kq ixLHdj yhoyilg ^6000& tu jir wjidk Nd.fha § ;r. ud,dfõ fojk tlaÈk wêlh' is ï ndífõ ms , g tfrys j Y% S fgiaÜ ;r.j, § iy tlaÈk ,xldfõ § meje;s m%:u iSñ; ´jr ;r.hg iyNd.sfjñka frdahs cd;Hka;r iSñ; ´jr ;r.j,§ ;r.fha § ,l=Kq 111la jd¾;d l< ,l=Kq 102la jd¾;d lf<a Y%S fukau furg m<uq fm< l%slÜ frdahs isõÈk ;r.fha § ms<sfj<ska ,dxlsl ms;l s refjl= tlaÈk ;r.j,g iuNd.sfjñka Tyq mE ,l=Kq 85la iy fkd±ù ,l=Kq 68la oialï buy;ah' 1972 -78 ld, /ia lf<a fõ.j;a msysyrUhl cd;Hka;r iSñ; ´jr mßÉfþofha § flda,aÜia l%Svd ksr;fjñks' 1984 jif¾ ixpdrl ;r.hl § iudch ksfhdackh l< frdahs kjiS,ka; ms,g tfrysj meje;s fojk fgiaÜ ;r.fha ^tia'tia'iS'& /ial< m%:u tlaÈk Y;lh o 1979 - 89 ld, msßÉfþofha § isxy, l%v S d iudch ksfhdackhk fojk bksfï § ,l=Kq 108la Tyq jd¾;dlr .ksñks' lf<ah' 1983-87 ld, mßÉfþofha jd¾;dlr .kafka kjiS,ka; ms,g § Y% S ,xld l% s l Ü ms f ,a tfrysj fgiaÜ ;r.hl § Y;lhla Wmkdhl;a jh ±rE frdahs miq l,l § /ial< m%:u Y%S ,dxlsl ms;slrejd njg ms<sfj<ska ,l=Kq 61" ,l=Kq 86la iy fka m d,fha cd;s l l% s l Ü mq y q K q l re o m;a f jñks ' wk;= r ej tu jif¾u 52la jd¾;d l< frdahs ´iafÜ%,h s dkq ms,g jYfhka o lghq ;= lf<ah' l<la Y%S ,xld ´ia f Ü% , s h dfõ meje;s fnka i ka iy tfrysj meje;s ;r.hl § ,l=Kq 54la ls % l Ü md,l uKA v,fha o ks,orefjl= fycia ;r.ud,djg iyNd.s jQ frdahs jd¾;d ls Í ug iu;a jq f ha fõ.j;a jYfhka lghq ; = fuu wisßu;a l%Svlhd ´iafÜ%,h s dfõ ngysr m%dka; ms,g tfrysj ;K;s , s j , Wiia oia l ï m% o ¾Ykh ienúka u f,dj my< jQ ;dla I ‚l meje;s isõÈk mqyqKq ;r.fha § ,l=Kq lrñks' 1985 jif¾ bka§h ms,g tfrysj 54la o l=hsia,ka; ms,g tfrysj meje;s wia . s ß h l% S v d ms á fha meje;s fiÜ rgdfjka ieneúka u w.;eka m ;a mqyqKq iSñ; ´jr ;r.fha § fkd±ù ;r.fha fojk bksfï § ,l=Kq 106la / ms ; s l refjls ' tfuka u Y% S ,xldjg wurŒh ch.%yK /ila w;alr ÿka ,l=Kq 110la o /ia lsÍug iu;a úh' ialr .ksñka h<s;a ,l=Kq w;rg msúis tu ixpdrfha § meje;s fnkaika iy frdahs 1986-87 jif¾ ldkamQ¾ ys§ bkaÈh iïNdjkSh l%slÜ l%Svlfhls' fycia ;r. ud,djg iyNd.sfjñka ms,g tfrysj meje;s fgiaÜ ;r.fha WKjgqfka §md,a fmf¾rd fldfoõ ms,g tfrysj meje;s ;r.j,È m% : u bks f ï § ,l= K q 50la /ia l r


14

@

f,dal l=i,dk l%l s Ü meálsßh

msg msgu f;jrlau f,dal l=i,dk Èkd isák ´iafÜ%,h s djg isõjeks jrg;a tu ymkalu l< yels fõo@ l%l s Ü l%v S djg ysñ wisßu;au ;r.dj,sh tfia;a ke;skï l%slÜ fu!,s ux.,H jk f,dal l=i,dk l%slÜ ;r.dj,shg ;j;a we;af;a b;du;a iSñ; Èk ixLHdjls' f,dj meje;afjk isõjeks úYd,;u ;r.dj,sh f,is k a ie,flk wÞ< f,da l l= i ,dk ;r.dj,sfha§ l%l s Ü l%v S d lrkq ,nk ish¨u rgj,a jeä wjOdkhla fhduq lrñka wÞ< ;r.dj,sh i|yd ,l ,Eia;s jkafka fuu ;r.dj,sfha we;s W;a;Í;rNdjh yryd ;u rgg lS¾;shla f.k tfï iaÓr wÈgkska fõ' wka;¾cd;sl l%l s Ü ljqki a , s h ^whs'iS'iS& u.ska ixúOdkh lrkq ,nk fuu f,dal l= i ,dk l% s l Ü ;r.dj,s h fujr meje;afjkafka 10 jeks j;djghs' isõ jirlg jrla mj;ajkq ,nk wÞ< f,da l l% s l Ü ;r.dj,s f ha fujr i;aldrl;ajh ysñj we;af;a Y%s ,xldjbkaÈhdj iy nx.a,dfoaYh hk rgj,a 3g fõ' fujr ;r.dj,sh wdishdfõ meje;aùug ms U q r e m;a ieliQ wjia : dj jk úg ;r.dj,s f ha i;a l drl;a j h ±Íu i|yd mdlsi; a dkho jrï ,nd isáho t;=< mj;sk wia:djr wdrCIs; ;;a;j a h u; fujr f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfha tlu ;r.hla fyda tys meje;aùug fkdyels ùuo úfYaI;ajhla fõ' ;r. 49ls k a iuka ú ; fujr f,da l l=i,dk l%l s Ü ;r.dj,sh ,nk fmnrjdß ui 19 jeksÞ isg wfm%a,a 02 jeksÞ olajd

mqrd Èk 43la ;sif a ia l%h s ;aul ùug kshñ; fõ' wjika jrg miq.h s 2007 jif¾ meje;s f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfha§ Y%S ,xldj mrdch fldg tys Y+r;dj Èkd .ekSug ´ia f Ü% , s h dkq lKA v dhu iu;a ú h' wÞ< ch.% y Kh;a iu. Tjq k a wjika jrg l%shd;aul f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,s 3 §u Y+r;dj Èkd .eksñka furj ;r.dj,shg msúfikafka msg msgu isõjeks jrg;a wÞ< l=i,dk Èkd .ekSfï wNs,dIfhks' Tjqkg a wu;rj f,dal l=i,dk foj;djla Èkd .ekSug ngysr bka§h fldfoõ lKAvdhu iu;aj isák w;r bkaÈhdj" mdlsia;dkh iy Y% S ,xldj tla j;dj ne.s k a fuu Y+r;djg ysñlï lSug iu;aù isáhs'

m<uq f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh - tx.,ka;h ^1975& b;sydifha mj;ajk ,o m<uq f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh jQfha 1975 jif¾ mj;ajk ,o f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh fõ' fuu ;r.dj,sh hgf;a lKAvdhï 8la ;r. jeÿKq w;r tys§ Y+r;dj Èkd .ekSug tl, l%l s Ü l%v S dfõ m%n,hka jQ ngysr bka§h fldfoõ lKAvdhu iu;ajQjdh' —mDfvka I ,a l= i ,dk˜ kï jQ wÞ<

;r.dj,sfha ish¨u ;r. mkaÿjdr 60 ;r. f,i mj;ajkq ,en we;' fgiaÜ ;;a;ajh fkd,enqKo Y%S ,xldj wÞ< ;r.dj,sfha


15 ;r. l< lKAvdhï 8g wh;a jQ w;r fgiaÜ jrï fkd,o wo<d ;r.dj,shg l%v S d ls Í ug jrï ,o fiiq rg jQ f ha W;= r e wm%sldkq lKAvdhuls' j¾KfNaoh ;Èkau meje;Su u; tu jljdkqfõ§ ol=Kq wm%l s dkq lKA v dhug cd;Hka ; r ;r. ;ykula mkjd ;sìKq neúka b;sydifha meje;s m<uq f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,shg iyNd.sùfï whs;h s Tjqkg a .s,y s S .sfhah' Y%S ,xldj iy kef.kysr wm%l s dj wh;a jQ tu ;r.dj,sfha l% S v d l< fiiq lKA v dhu jk w;r tx.,ka;h" ´iafÜ%,shdj" ngysr bka§h fldfoõ" bka È hdj" mdls i a ; dkh iy kjiS,ka; hk rgj,a miqjy Q ' fuu ;r.dj,s h hgf;a Y% S ,xld lKAvdhu wkqr f;kakfldaka kdhl;ajh hgf;a iyNd.s úh'

fojeks f,dal l=i,dk l%l s Ü ;r.dj,sh tx.,ka;h ^1979& fuu ;r.dj,s f ha o Y+ r ;dj ys ñ lr .ekS u g m% n , ngys r bka § h fldfoõ lKA v dhu iu;a ú h' la , hs õ f,dhs â f.a kdhl;a j h hgf;a u tjr ;r.dj,s h g iyNd.s jQ fldfoõ lKAvdhu i;aldrl tx.,ka; lKavdhu wjika uy ;r.fha§ ,l=Kq 92lska mrdchg m;a lr ouñka wo< Y+r;djg msg msgu fojeks j;djg;a ysñlï lSfõh' tu Y+r;dj i|yd wkq.y % h olajkq ,enqfõ m<uq ;r.dj,shg wkq.%dyl;ajh msßkeuQ tx.,ka; rCIK iud.ula jk mDfvkaI,a bkaIj q rkaia iud.u úisk's rgj,a 8lf.a iyNd.s;ajfhka meje;s wÞ< fojeks f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh Y%S ,xldj msúiqfKa fgiaÜ jrï fkd,o rgla jYfhka ùu úfYaI;ajhla fõ' Bg fmr meje;s whs'iS'iS' iqÿiqlï ,eîfï ;r.dj,sfha Y+r;dj Èkd .ksñka tjr f,dal l=i,dk ;r. wjia : dj Èkd .ekS u g Y% S ,xld lKavdhug yels úh' tu f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfha§ fgiaÜ jrï fkd,oñka f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,shg l%v S d lsÍug jrï ,i fiiq rg jQfha lekvdjhs'

f;jeks f,dal l=i,dk l%l s Ü ;r.dj,sh tx.,ka;h ^1983& fuu f,dal l=i,kd l%l s Ü ;r.dj,sfhao i;aldrl;ajh imhk ,oafoa tx.,ka;h úiska ùu úfYaI;ajhla ú' f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh wdrïNfha isg msg msgu meje;s ;r.dj,s 3u tx.,ka;h úiska i;aldrl;ajh ±Íu iqúfYaIS úh' wjika f,da l l= i ,dk ;r.dj,s folgu fgiaÜ jrï fkd,o rgla f,iska Y% S ,xldj ;r. jeÿk kuq ÿ fuu ;r.dj,shg iyNd.sjQfha fgiaÜ jrï ,o lKA v dhula f,is k s ' fï w;r f,da l

lSug iu;aúh' l= i ,dk ;r.dj,s h lg m% : ufhka l% S v d ls Í fï wjia : dj fuu ;r.dj,s f ha § isïndífõ lKAvdhug ysñùu úfYaI;ajhla fõ' m<uq ;r.dj,s 2u msg msgu chf.k isg ngysr bka§h fldfoõ lKavdhu fuu ;r.dj,sfha Y+r;djo msg msgu Èkd .ekSfï wNs,dIfhka wjika ;r. wjia:dj WÞ lr .;a kuq;a lms,a foaõf.a kdhl;ajfhka hq;= bka§h lKAvdhu tu ;r.fha§ wkfmaCIs; wkaoñka ch jd¾;d lsÍu u; m<uq j;djg fldfoõ lKA v dhfuka ms g ;g f,da l l=i,dkla .sh wjia:dj tu ;r.dj,sfhaÈ iksgy q ka úh' tu ;r.fha§ m%:ufhka ,l=Kq /ia l< bka§h lKavdhu ,l=Kq 183lg iSud jQ kuq;a fldfoõ lKAvdhu ,l=Kq 140lg iSud lsÍug bka§h mkaÿ hjkakka iu;aùu u; tu ;r.fhka ,l=Kq 43l chla w;alr .ksñka wÞ< Y+r;djg ysñlï

isõjeks f,dal l=i,dk l%l s Ü ;r.dj,sh bkaÈhdj$mdlsi; a dkh ^1987& f,da l l= i ,dk l% s l Ü ;r.dj,s h la wdrïN ù l%l s Ü Wmka rg jQ tx.,ka;fhka msg; mj;ajk ,o m<uq ;r.dj,sh jYfhka fuu ;r.dj,sh b;sydi .; fjhs' m<uq ;r.dj,s ;=fka§ mDfvkaI,a l=i,dk kñka jQ f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh fjkia kulska meje;ajK q q m<uq wjia:dj jkafka bkaÈhdj iy mdlsia;dkfha meje;s wÞ< isõjeks ;r.dj,sfha§ fjhs' bka§h fjf<| iud.ula jk ß,hkaia kue;s iud.u úiska fuu f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfha wkq.d% yl jYfhka bÈßm;aùu u; fuu ;r.dj,s h ß,hka i a f,da l l=i,kd ;r.dj,sh jYfhka meje;aúK' w¨;a wkq.d% ylhl= hgf;a kj uqyK q j q rlska meje;ajK q q tu ;r.dj,sfha i;aldrl;ajh bkaÈhdj iy mdlsi; a dkh úiska ork ,§' tla lKAvdhulg mkaÿjdr 60la heùug kshñ; jQ tlaÈk ;r.j,g kj wre;la f.k§u fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ isÿjQ w;r th mkaÿjd 60 isg 50 olajd fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ wvq ls Í ug ;r. ixúOdhlhka lghq ; = lrk ,§' hq f rda m h iy wdis h dj w;r mj;s k a ld,fõ,d mrdih u; fuu ;r.dj,s f ha § tla È k ;r. Èjd$rd;% s jYfhka meje;aùu i|yd jeä wjOdkhla fhduq jQ ;r.dj,shla f,io ye¢ka jQjdg lsisÿ jrola fkdue;' fojeks jrg meje;s f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfha wkqYr + ;dj Èkd .;a tx.,ka; lKAvdhu fuu ;r.dj,sfha§o wjika uy ;r. wjia:dj WÞ lr .;a;o ´iafÜ%,h s dj yuqfõ ,l=Kq 07lska mrdchg m;aùu u;


16 ol=Kq wm%l s dkq lKAvdhula f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,shla ksfhdackh lrkq ,enQ m<uq wjia:dj jYfhka fuu ;r.dj,sh i|yka ùuhs' j¾KfNaojdoh u; ;ykulg ,laj isá ol=Kq wm%l s dkq lKAvdhu wÞ< ;yku bj;aùfuka miq m%:ufhka iyNd.s jQ 1992 § meje;s fuu f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfha§ fjhs' b;du;a ;shqKq ;r.dj,shla jQ fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ Y+r;dj Èkd .ekSug iu;ajf Q ha wdis h dfõ rgla jk mdls i a ; dkh úis k a bïrdka Ldkaf.a kdhl;ajh hgf;a fuu ;r.dj,sh ksfhdackh lrkq ,enQ mdlsi; a dk lKAvdhu" wjika uy ;r.fha§ tx.,ka; lKAvdhu ,l=Kq 22lska mrdchg m;a fldg m<uq j;djg f,dal l=i,dkla mdlsi; a dkh fj; /f.k hEug iu;ajf Q õh'

yh jeks f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh Y%S,xldj$bkaÈhdj$ mdlsi; a dkh ^1996& Y+r;dj mfil ;nd fojeks j;djg;a f,da l l= i ,dk wkq Y + r ;djls k a muKla iEySulg m;aùug Tjqkg isÿúh'

mia jeks f,dal l=i,dk l%l s Ü ;r.dj,sh ´iafÜ%,h s dj$kjiS,ka;h ^1992& tlaÈk l%l s Ü l%v S dfõ úYd,;u fjki isÿjQ ;r.dj,sh jYfhka 1992 jif¾ meje;s f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh ye¢kaúh yelsh' tlaÈk l%l s Ü l%v S dj wdrïN ùfuka wk;=rej ;r. lsÍug fhdÞ.;a iqÿ we÷ï iy r;= mkaÿj fjkqjg fuu ;r.dj,sfha j¾K we÷ï iy iq ÿ mka ÿ j fhdÞ .ekS u úfYaI;ajhla úh' fï jk úg tlaÈk l%v S dj f,dalh fnfyúkau ckm%h s ùug mdol jQ tla m%Odk fya;=jla jYfhka fuu j¾K we÷ï iy iqÿ mkaÿj bjy,a jQjdg lsisÿ ielhla fkdue;' fuys§ we;s ;j;a iqúfYaIS nj jkafka

1982 jif¾§ fgia Ü jrï ,eîfuka wk;=rej f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,shl ;r. lsym s hlg i;aldrl;ajh ±Íug Y%S ,xldjg ys ñ jQ m<uq f,da l l= i ,dk ;r.dj,s h jka f ka fuu yhjeks f,da l l= i ,dk ;r.dj,sh fõ' tlaÈk l%slÜ msáh Wvq hál= r e l< Y% S ,xld lKA v dhu fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ tlaÈk l%slÜ l%Svdjg kj udj;lg /f.k tAug iu;ajQ ;r.dj,sh f,io ieufokdu y÷kajkq ,eîh' l% S v lhka fofokl= muKla m<uq mkaÿjdr 15 ;=<§ hdr 30 iSudjg tmsáka / |ùug tl< tlaÈka ;r. i|yd iïu; kS;h jQ w;r tys Wmßu m%fhdck .ksñka jeä l%v S lhka ixLHdjla r|jd ;nd isák hdr ;sfya iSudjg by<ska mkaÿj hjñka jeä ,l= K q ixLHdjla lrd hEug we;s yelshdj fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ Y%S ,xldj úiska y÷kajd fok ,È' miq lf,l fï kHdh f,dj is h ¨u rgj,a wkq . ukh ls Í ug fm<Uq K neúka mka ÿ hjka k ka g is ÿ jQ widOdrKh m% O dk fldg tys § hdr 30 iSudfõ§ /oùug yels l%Svlhka ixLHdj jeä lsÍug wka;¾cd;sl l%l s Ü ljqki a , s h mshjr .kq ,eîh' —udiag¾ n,diag¾˜ fyj;a chiqßh yd —,sÜ,a lƘ hk iqr;,a kdufhka y÷kajk frdfïIa l¨ú;drK kj udj;lg tlaÈk ;r. /f.k tAfï mqfrda.dñhka fofokd jQy' tl< fudjqka fofokd mkaÿjg myr fok úg l< yels lsisjla fkdue;s nj tu jljdkq f õ tx.,ka ; lKA v dhfï kdhl;a j h ±rE uhs l ,a w;¾gka mjid isáhdh' w¾cqk rK;=x. úiska kdhl;ajh orkq ,enQ fuu f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfha§ Y%S ,xld lKAvdhug wNsfhda.hla t,a, lsÍug lsiÿs rglg fkdyels jQ lreKla nj tl, úpdrlhkaf.a mjd u;h úh' tA ;rug Y%S ,xld lKavdhfï l%Svlhka oCI;d w;r miqjQ neúks' miq l,l Y%S ,xld lKAvdhfï kdhl;aj orkq ,enQ udjka w;m;a;o= f,dal l=i,dk lKAvdhfï miq jqjo Tyqg tys§

tla ;r.hla fyda l%Svd lsÍug fkdyels ùu tl< Y% S ,xld lKA v dhu fl;rï Yla ; s u ;a lKa v dhula o hka k id¾:lu ñkqï oKav fõ' fuu ;r.dj,s wdrïNfha mgkau Y%S ,xldfõ oCI;d iqúfYaIS úh' tA jk úg ,xldfõ meje;s hqouh jd;drjKh u; ´iafÜ%,shdj iy ngysr bka§h fldfoõ lKAvdhï Y%S ,xldjg meñK ;r. lsÍu m%;f s CIam l< neúka tu ;r.j,§ ks;r. chla Y%S ,xldjg ysñúh' m<uq ;r. jgh ;=<§ flkahdj iu.ska wia.ß s l%v S d.Kfha meje;s ;r.fha§ Y%S ,xld lKavdhu ,l=Kq


17 398la /ia lrñka f,dj tlaÈk l%slÜ msáfha jeäu ,l=Kq ixLHdjla /ia l< lKA v dhu jYfhka f;a Í m;a ú h' tu ;r.fha§o wrúka o is,ajd ,l=Kq 145la /ia lsÍug iu;ajQfhah' wjika uy ;r.h jQ ´ia f Ü% , s h dj iu.s k a meje;s ;r.fha § ,l= K q 242l ch.% d ys b,la l hla yUd .s h Y% S ,xld lKAvdhu tu b,lalh lvq¨ 3la muKla oeù imqrd.;a w;r tys m%;sM,hla f,i b;sydifha m<uq j;djg Y%S ,xldj f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,shl Y+r;djg ysñlï lSh' fuu ;r.fha § Y% S ,xld ch.% y Kh fjkqfjka wrúkao o is,j a d Èh;a l< bksu b;du;a iq ú fYa I s tlla úh' fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ Y%S ,xldj fjkqfjka jeäu ,l= K q ixLHdjla /ia l< ms ; s l rejd jYfhka wrúka o is,ajd f;aÍ m;a jqjo ;=ka bßhõfjkau ±lajQ oCI;dj u; 1996 f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sfha ùrhd iïudk ik;a chiQßhg ysñúh'

wjika ms;l s re jQ we,ka fvdk,aâ wkjYH f,i ,l= K la lrd Èj hEu u; tu lvq,af,a iïnkaO;djh ì| jeáK'

wgjeks f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh ol=Kq wm%l s dj$flkahdj$ isïndífõ ^2003&

y;ajeks f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh - tx.,ka;h ^1999&

fuu ;r.dj,sfha Y+r;dj Èkd .ekSug ´iafÜ%,shdkq lKAvdhu iu;a úh' wjika uy ;r.fha§ mdlsia;dkq ms, myiqfjka lvq¨ 8lska mrdchg m;a l< ´iafÜ%,h s dj wÞ< Y+r;djg ysñlï lSfõ fojeks j;djg fõ' wjika ;r.dj,s f ha ch.% y dlhka f,is k a fuu ;r.dj,s h g Y% S ,xld lKA v dhu wj;S ¾ K jq j o tjlg lKAvdhfï meje;s w¾nqoldß jd;djrKh u; Y%S ,xldj tys m<uq jgfhkau bj;g úis ù u lemS fmfkhs ' tx.,ka ; h i;aldrl;ajh ±rejo fuu ;r.dj,sfha ;r. ls y s m hla wh¾,ka ; h iy iafldÜ,ka;h jeks rgj,o meje;aùug ;r. n,OdÍka lghq;= lrkq ,enQy' fuu ;r.dj,s f ha tla wjika mQ ¾ j ;r.hla jQ ol=Kq wm%l s dj iy ´iafÜ%,h s dj w;r ;r.h foms,u ,l=Kq iu ùfuka ;r.h wjika jq j o ,l= K q ,nd.ekS f ï fõ.h wkqj wjika uy ;r.h wjia:dj ´ia f Ü% , s h djg ys ñ úh' tu ;r.fha ch.%yKh fjkqfjka wjika mkaÿjdrfha ,l=Kq 09la ol=Kq wm%l s djg wjYHj ;snK q q w;r tys§ m<uq mkaÿ folgu y;f¾ myr 2la t,a, lrñka tu wNsfhda.h id¾:l tlla lr .ekSug ,dkaia la¨kai¾ iu;a úh' fvñhka *af,ñka úiska hjkq ,enQ tu mkaÿ jdrfha wjika mkaÿ 4§ ch.%yKh i|yd tla ,l=Kla muKla wjYH jQ kuq;a

f,da l l= i ,dk l% s l Ü ;r.dj,s b;sydih ;=< jeäu lKAvdhï ixLHdjla iyNd.s jQ ;r.dj,sh f,i fuu ;r.dj,sh yeÈka ú h yel' wjika jrg meje;s ;r.dj,s f ha ;r. jeÈ lKA v dhï 12g wu;rj fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ ;j;a rgj,a 2la u tl;= fldg uq ¨ rgjka 14la ;r.dj,sfha§ ;r. jeÿKy' fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ isÿjQ iqúfYaI;u is ÿ ùu jka f ka wÞ< ;r.dj,s f ha i;a l drl;a j hla orkq ,enQ flka h dkq lKA v dhu úis k a Y% S ,xldjg iy isïndífõg tfrysj ;r. ch.%yK jd¾;d ls Í ug iu;a ù uhs ' wka ; ¾cd;s l l% s l Ü ljqkais,fha mQ¾K idudðl;ajhla fkd,o rgla f,i ie,flk flka h dj fuu ;r.dj,sh ;=<§ wjika mQ¾j ;r.h olajd meñŒug iu;aùu lemS fmfkhs' mQ¾K idudðl;ajh fkd,o rgla f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,s h la ;= < ola j d ;s f nk by<u oCI;dj jYfhkao fuu oCI;dj y÷kajkq ,nhs' flfia kuq ; a fuu ;r.dj,s f ha § o wjika uy ;r.fha§ bka§h ms, mrdch lrñka f,dla l=i,dk Èkd .ekSug ßlS fmdka á ka f .a kdhl;a j fhka hq ; = ´iafÜ%,shdkq lKAvdhu wjia:dj WÞúh' tuy ;r.fha§ m%:ufhka mkaÿjg myr ÿka ´iafÜ%,shdj lvq¨ 2lg ,l=Kq 359la /ia lsÍug iu;ajQ kuq;a bkaÈhdjg /ia lr .; yels jQfha mkaÿjdr 382lÈ ish¨fokd ±ù ,l=Kq 234la mu‚' fuu ;r.dj,sfha ùrhd f,i bka§h iqmsß ms;slre iÑka fgkavq,ald¾ f;aÍ m;ajQfõh'

ish,af,au mdfya f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,s meje;aùu igyka úh' fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ Y% S ,xldj iq ú fYa I S tlla jQ w;r tys § wkqY+r;djka muKla iEySulg m;aùug isÿúh' ufya, chj¾Okf.a kdhl;ajfhka hq;= Y%S ,xld lKAvdhu ´iafÜ%,h s dj iu.ska wjika uy ;r.fha§ ;r. jeÿKq w;r tys§ vlaj¾;a ¨úia kHdh wkqj Y%S ,xldjg ,l=Kq 53l mrdchla w;aúh' ßlS fmdkaáka kdhl;ajh orkq ,enQ wÞ< ´iafÜ%,shdkq lKAvdhu fujr Y+r;djg ysñlï lSfõ ms g ms g u f;jeks j;djg ùu f,da l l=i,dk ;r. b;sydifha iqúfYaIS lv bula úh' fuu ;r.dj,sfha iqmß s lKAvdhu 8 w;r meje;s ;r.fha§ Y%S ,xldfõ ,i;a ud,sx. msg msg mkaÿ 4l§ lvq¨ 4la ojd .;a f,dj m<uq mkaÿ hjkakd jYfhka f,dal jd¾;djla msyg s ù q h' ol=Kq wm%l s dkq ms,g tfrys meú; wÞ< ;r.fhka tla lvq,a,l mrdchla Y%S ,xldjg w;a jqjo th wjika uy ;r. wjia:dj WÞlr .ekSu fjkqfjka ndOdjla fkdùu úfYaI;ajhla fõ' ;r.dj,sfha fldavl q drhka jQ wh¾,ka; lKAvdhu fuu ;r.dj,sfha§ mdlsia;dkq lKAvdhu mrdch m;alsÍu úfYaI;ajhla jq K q w;r tu ;r.fhka wk;= r ej mdlsia;dkq mqyqKqlre f,i lghq;= l< fndí jq,au¾ uy;d ish fydag,a ldurh ;=<§ wìryia f,i urKhg m;aùuo tu jljdkqj ;=<§ fndfyda fokdf.a wjOdkh ÈkQ lreKla úh wÞ< wjika uy ;r.fha§ Y%S ,xldj mrdchg weo ±óug uQ , s l hd jQ wevï .s,l a i s% Ü a Y%S ,xld mkaÿ hjkakkag ysia Æ Æ w; myr t,a , lrñka mka ÿ 109l§ ,l=Kq 149la jd¾;d lsÍu iqúfYaIS úh' j¾Idj fya;=fjka mkaÿjdr 38lg iSudjQ tu ;r.fha§ .%s,al%siaÜf.a bksu u; Y%S ,xldjg tfrys j ,l= K q 281l ±jeka ; b,lhla ,nd§ug ´iafÜ%,shdjg yels jQ kuq ; a mka ÿ jdr 36l§ ch.% y Kh i|yd ,l=Kq 264la wjYH jQ Y%S ,xld bksu lvq¨ 8lg ,l= K q 215 jYfhka iS u d jQ f õh' wjika ;r.h mrdch jqjo ;r.dj,sfha fmr<sldru kdhlhd jQ ufya, chj¾Ok fuu ;r.dj,s f ha § Y% S ,xld lKA v dhu fufyhjQ wdldrh úia;r úpdrlhka mjd by<ska l;d l< isÿùula úh'

kj jeks f,dal l=i,dk ;r.dj,sh - ngysr bka§h fldfoõ ^2007& fldfoõ foa Y fha § fïu ;r.dj,s h meje;aùu;a iu. f,dalfha l%slÜ fgiaÜ l% s l Ü l% S v d lrkq ,nk m% O dk rgj,a

fla' khkriS


18

tx.,ka; lKavdhug kj cjhla

ms;slre we,siaghd¾ l=la

iaÜ l%l s Üj, wdrïNl rgla jk tx.,ka;hg wo jk;=re wdrïNl ms;l s rejkaf.ka wvqjla ke;' l,la jeäu ,l=Kq jd¾;dj bisÆ f,aka ygka" lvq,f a ,a /ÿK fiñka ,l=Kq /ia lrkakd fcmaß fndahf s ldÜ wisßu;a ms;l s rejl= jQ f.%yeï .=É iy id¾Ól bksï f.dv ke.= uhsla we;¾gka tx.,ka; kduh wNsudkj;a lsÍug Þhl jQ wdrïNl ms;l s rejka lSm fofkls' tx.,ka; wdrïNl ms;l s rejka w;rg tlajk w¨;au ,l=Kq w;r /fokakd we,sig a hd¾ l=lh a ' tx.,ka; kdhl wekavDD iagd% jqia iu. fgiaÜ ;r.j, wdrïNl ms;l s rejd jkafka l=lh a ' ksjerÈ ;dlaIKh w;skoa lvq,f a ,a /£ isg

fg

´iafÜ%,h s dfõ§ tx.,ka;h fjkqfjka oaú;aj Y;lhla /ia lsÍug iu;a jQ 7 jeks ms;l s rejd l=lh a ' ,l=Kq /ia lsÍfï yelshdj w;skoa l=la iqmß s uÜgula lrd hk ,l=Kq fmkakï q lrhs' fujr tx.,ka; ´iafÜ%,h s d —w¿n÷k˜ fgiaÜ ;r. ud,dfõ§ l=lf a .a ms;y s rUh jvd;a lemS fmKqk's foms, w;r ì%if a íkaj, meje;s m<uq fgiaÜ ;r.fha§ l=la fkd±ù ,l=Kq 235la /ia lf<ah' th tx.,ka; lKAvdhfï fojeks bksfï lvq,, a la ±ù


19 ,l=Kq 517la /ia l< bksfï§h' fuh l=lf a .a m%:u fgiaÜ oaú;aj Y;l bksuhs' ´iafÜ%,h s dfõ§ tx.,ka;h fjkqfjka oaú;aj Y;lhla /ia lsÍug iu;a jQ 7 jeks ms;l s rejd l=lh a ' ´iafÜ%,h s dfõ§ jeäu oaú;aj Y;l bksula l%v S d l< tx.,ka; ms;l s rejd fr.a fmdiag¾ jk w;r th 1903 § isâks msáfha§ ,l=Kq 287ls' oaú;aj Y;l bksu wjia:dfõ l=la w.kd Y;l iïnkaO;d follg Þhl úh' uq,k s u a m<jk lvq,, a g kdhl wekavDD iagd% jqia iu. ,l=Kq 188' miqj fojk lvq,, a g fcdk;ka fg%dÜ iu. ,l=Kq 329' l=la iy fg%dÜ w;r meje;s fojk lvq,f a ,a ,l=Kq 329 w¿ n÷kg jd¾;djls' ´iafÜ%,h s dfõ§ tx.,ka; ms;l s rejka fofokl= ;enQ by<u iïnkaO;d jd¾;dj fuhhs' wjqreÿ 79lg fmr fojk lvq,, a i|yd ,l=Kq 322l iïnkaO;d jd¾;djla ;nd ;snf q Ka cela fydíia iy ú,amâ % frdaâia fofokdh' weäf,aâ ´j,a msáfha meje;s fojeks fgiaÜ ;r.fha§;a l=la

l=la iy fg%dÜ w;r meje;s fojk lvq,f a ,a ,l=Kq 329 w¿ n÷kg jd¾;djls' ´iafÜ%,shdfõ§ tx.,ka; ms;l s rejka fofokl= ;enQ by<u iïnkaO;d jd¾;dj fuhhs' wjqreÿ 79lg fmr fojk lvq,, a i|yd ,l=Kq 322l iïnkaO;d jd¾;djla ;nd ;snf q Ka cela fydíia iy ú,amâ % frdaâia fofokdh'

,l=Kq 148la /ia lf<ah' fuu bksug miq kdhl iagd% jqia ;u ifydoar ms;l s rejd we.hSug ,la lf<a fufiah' —l=la wfma lKAvdhu fjkqfjka

w.kd ms;y s rUhla lrkjd' th bÈßhg;a mj;skjd ±lSu uf.a m%d¾:kdjhs'˜ î'fla'tia'fÊ' foaYm%h s


20

vhka f.dauia wNsfhda.;d mdi,a fndlaixs ;r.dj,sh nd,l Y+r;dj fydrK úoHdr;k úÿy,g

nd,sld Y+ßhka úl%uYs,d cd;sl mdi, fu

rg fndlaisx l%Svdj jvd;a m%p,s; lsÍfï woyiska ixúOdkh l< ABC wka;¾ mdi,a fndlaisx ;r.dj,sh miq.shÞ fmardfo‚h uOHu úÿy,a fndlaisx .drfha§ meje;ajqKd' nd,l yd nd,sld wxY folla hgf;a meje;s fujr ;r.dj,shg Èjhsk mqrd mdi,a 42lska meñ‚ nd,l ;r.lrejka 138la iy nd,sld ;r.ldßhka 45la iyNd.s jqKd' Y%S ,xld mdi,a fndlaisx ix.ufh;a iyh we;sj meje;a jQ ;r.dj,sh ;=<ska olaI;d /ila u;= jqKd' fujr ABC mdi,a fndlaisx ;r.dj,sh meje;ajqfKa vhka f.dauia wNsfhda.;d Y+r;dj fjkqfjka' furg fndlaisx l%Svdj kexùfuys,d hq. fufyjrla bgq lrk ysgmq fndlaisx ix.ï


21 iNdm;s vhka f.dauia uy;dj we.hSug m%Yxid lghq;= fohla' furj nd,l Y+r;dj Èkd .;af;a ,l=Kq 30la ,nd .;a fydrK úoHdr;k úYaj úoHd,hSh lKavdhu úiska' wkq Y+r;dj uykqjr idka; is,afjia;r úÿy, ,l=Kq 28 iy ;=kajeks ia:dkh fmardfo‚h uOHu úÿy, ,l=Kq 18' fujr olaI;u fndlaisx l%Svlhd — fj,ag¾ fõܘ fldgfia Y+rhd fmardfo‚h uOHu úÿyf,a hQ' Ô' wurjxY iy oCI;u mrdð;hd — ,hsÜ nekagï fõܘ fldgfia ;r. jeÿK uykqjr idka; is,afjia;r úÿyf,a we*a' yidß*a' nd,sld wxYfha Y+r;dj úl%uYs,d cd;sl mdi,a lKAvdhug ysñjqKd' Tjqka ,nd.;a ,l=Kq ixLHdj 11' wkqY+r;dj nq,;aisxy, uOHu uyd úoHd,h ,l=Kq 9 iy ;=kajeks ia:dkh flka.,a, uOH uyd úoHd,h ,l=Kq 8' nd,sl wxYfha olaI;u l%Säldj nq,;aisxy, uOH uyd úoHd,fha à' tA' uOqud,s iy oCI;u mrdð;hd tA' tï úchr;ak ^Y%S iaj¾Kfcda;s cd;sl mdi,& fujr ;r.dj,sh ;=<ska l%Svl l%Säldjka fmka jQ oialï ud,dj furg fndlaisx l%Svdfõ bÈß .ukg buy;a rel=,la nj ABC f,alï fyauka; ùrisxy uy;d mjikjd' bÈßfhaÈ;a furg fndlaisx l%Svdfõ j¾Okh Wfoid ;u ix.ufha Þhl;ajh fkdwvqj ,nd fok njo tA uy;d m%ldY lrkjd' rejka fiakdr;ak


22

2011 mdi,a l%l s Ü

fujr mdi,a ;r. 2000g jeähs

2

011 mdi,a l%l s Ü jdrh we/ ô,d' Y%S ,xld mdi,a l%l s Ü ix.uh fufyhjk fujr 19ka my< ;r.dj,sh ldKav ;=kla hgf;a mj;ajkq ,nkjd' rg jgd ;sfnk mdi,a 184la fujr ;r.dj,shg lKavdhï bÈßm;a fldg ;sfnkjd' mdi,a l%l s Ü ix.uh mjik wkaoug m<uq ldKavhg (Division 1) ;r. 580' fojeks ldKavhg (Division 2) ;r. 512 iy ;=ka jeks ldKAvhg (Division 3) ;r. 1200' furg mdi,a l%l s Ü l%v S dfõ by< uÜgu fmkakï q lrk fuu ;r.dj,shg l%v S lhska 3000lg wdikakj ;r. jÈk w;r by< oialï /ila jd¾;d jkq we;ehs n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkjd' iqmr q eÿ f,i fujr;a mdi,a ;r. mj;ajkq ,nkafka fld<U" uykqjr" .d,a," ud;r" l=reKE.," hdmkh" ó.uqj" l¿;r" nÿ,a, hk k.r flakøa h S lr f.khs' m<uqjeks ldKavhg ;r. jÈkafka §¾> ld,hla l%l s Ü l%v S d lrk m%lg mdi,a lKAvdhï' fld<ôka rdclSh" idka; f;dauia" idka; fcdafidma" idka; mS;r" wdkkao" kd,kao" idka; fnkälaÜ" fjia,"s iysrd" bism;k" ;¾iagka" ã'tia' fiakdkdhl' uykqjßka ;%; s j a " idka; wkaf;dak"s O¾urdc" l%i s j a â q '

mdi,a l%l s Ü ix.uh mjik wkaoug m<uq ldKavhg ;r. 580' fojeks ldKavhg ;r. 512 iy ;=ka jeks ldKAvhg;r. 1200' furg mdi,a l%l s Ü l%v S dfõ by< uÜgu fmkakï q lrk fuu ;r.dj,shg l%v S lhska 3000lg wdikakj ;r. jÈk w;r by< oialï /ila jd¾;d jkq we;ehs n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkjd' .d,af,ka uyskao" ßÉukaâ' l=reKE.,ska u,shfoaj iy Ydka; wdka mdi,a lKAvdhï m%lghs' cd;Hka;r l%slÜ l%Svdj ;=< Y%S ,xldfõ mdi,a l%slÜj,g ;sfnkafka iqúfYaIS ia:dkhla' tA wjqreÿ 100la blaujd .sh lS¾;s kduh ksihs' fï lS¾;s kduhg úYd,u Þhl;ajh mdi,aj, ixúOdk Yla;shhs' jirla mdid úYd, uqo,la úhoï lr f.k" Y%uh jeh lr f.k cd;sl ;,hg l%slÜ l%Svlhska Tijd ;eîu fjkqfjka mdi,a lrk fufyjr we.hSug ,la úh hq;=hs' Y%S ,xldjg 1981 fgiaÜ jrï ,enqKdg miq cd;sl lKAvdhu fufyh jQ l%Svlhska .ek úuid n,uq' fï Tjqka ìys l< mdi,a .ekh' nkaÿ,

j¾Kmqr ^kd,kao& ÿ,sma fukaäia ^idka; f;dauia&" rkacka uvq.,af,a ^rdclSh&" w¾cqk rK;=x. ^wdkkao&" ik;a chiQßh ^Ydka; i¾fõIia&" udjka w;m;a;= ^wdkkao&" ufya, chj¾Ok ^kd,kao& iy j¾;udk kdhl l=ud¾ ix.laldr ^;%s;aj& cd;Hka;r fgiaÜ iy tlaÈk ;r. msáfha f,dal mQð; jQ fï l%Svlhska n,kak' wrúkao o is,ajd ^ã'tia' fiakdkdhl&" uq;a;hshd uqr,sorka ^idka; wkaf;daks&" pñkao jdia ^idka; fcdafidma&" frdIdka uydkdu ^kd,kao& fï ljqre;a mdi,a l%slÜ iuh .ek l;d lrkakg wu;l lrkafka ke;' pñkao fmf¾rd


c.;a l%v S d msáh

23

fyd,sm, S â a fndlaixs j<,af,a jhi 48 jqK;a tjekav¾ fyd,sm, S â a ;du;a fndlaixs j<,af,a' fyd,sm, S â a ysgmq fyõfõÜ fndlaixs Y+rfhla' fï Èkj, fyd,sm, S â a ;udf.a ó<Õ ;r.hg iQÞkï jkjd' tA ,nk ud¾;= udfia fldamka fya.ka kqjr§ fvkaud¾lfha n%hka kS,i a ka iu.hs'

,drdg l%l s Ü .ykak ys;, s d

biska nfhajd weú;a —ug w¨;a b,lalhla ;sfhkjd'˜ fufyu lshkafka ßá mekSfï /ðK fhf,akd biskn a fhajd' udi lSmhl úrduhg miafia biskn a fhajd ßá mkskk a weú;a' fudllao wef.a fï b,lalh' tA ;j;a f,dal jd¾;djla msyg s ù q uhs' ;ud ish,a, lrkfka 2010 T,sïmsla Wf<, uq,a lr f.k njo weh mjikjd'

,shg q T,sïmsla b,lalhla ,shQ isheka.a Ökfha l%v S d ùrhdhs' Tyqf.a biõj óg¾ 110 lvq¨ mekSuhs' bl=;Þa meje;s wdishdkq l%v S d Wf<f,a§ ,shQ myiqfjka fï biõjg rka molalu Èkqjd' ±ka ,shf q .a b,lalh ó<Õ 2012 ,kavka T,sïmsla Wf<,hs' ál ld,hla ;r. msáfhka bj;aj isá ,shQ fï wjqreoafoa cd;Hka;r ;r.j,ska ch.%yK jd¾;d lrkak iQÞkï'

ÿjkak ymka reãI flkahdfõ fâúâ reãI f,dal u,, l%v S d ix.uh úiska kï l< 2010 Y+rhdhs' óg¾ 800 biõfõ f,dal Y+rhd Tyqh's miq.h s wjqreoafoa reãI óg¾ 800 f,dal jd¾;dj foj;djla ì| fy¨jd' u,, l%v S d biõ fjkqfjka uE; ldf,a f,dal jd¾;djla ;enqfõ Tyq muKhs' 21 yeúßÈ fï wm%l s dkq Y+rhd fï wjqreoafo;a jd¾;d.; ch.%yK ,nd .kak iQÞkï jkjd'

wjqreÿ ;=klg l,ska cd;Hka;r l%l s Ü msáfhka iuq.;a; iqmß s ms;l s re n%hka ,drd kej; tkak iQÞkï jkjd' ,drdf.a n,dfmdfrd;a;j = 2011 bka§h Ipl ;r.dj,shg iyNd.s jkakhs' 41 yeúßÈ ,drdj lsih s ï bka§h lKavdhula f;dard .;af;d;a l%l s Ü f,da,k S g a Tyqj ±l .kak jdikdj ,efíú'

;r.hg iQÞkï ueks f,dal fndlaixs Y+r;d lSmhla Èkd by<ska isák ms,m s k S fha ueks mel=hd w¨;a wjqreoafo;a ;r.hg iQÞkï 32 yeúßÈ ueks iy Tyqf.a l<ukdldr lKAvdhu wvq;rñka ;r. ;=kla i|yd iQÞkï jkjd' fndfyda ÿrg uekSf.a m%;j s d§ka jkafka fYaka fudai, a "s wekaâß n¾fgda iy cqjka udfla l%v S lhsk'a ±kg ueks i;= ;r. jd¾;dj ch.%yK 52 iy mrdchka ;=khs'


24

2010-11 m%ñ s h¾ tlaÈk ;r.dj,sh

fujr tia'tia'iS' flda,aÜia iu Y+rhska ufya,f.ka w.kd bksula fu

jr m%sñh¾ tlaÈk ;r. ud,dfõ wjidk mQ¾j jgh f;la id¾:lj meje;s kuq;a wjdikdjka; f,i wjidk ;r. folgu j¾Idfjka ndOd isÿúh' fï fya;=fjka fujr iu Y+rhska kï (Joint champions) flßK' fujr m%sñh¾ tA ldKavfha iu Y+rhska tia'tia'iS' iy flda,aÜia iudchkah' î ldKAvfha iu Y+rhska î'wd¾'iS' iy uqj¾ia iudchkah' iuia;hla jYfhka fujr m%sñh¾ tlaÈk ;r. ud,dfõ§ l%Svlhskaf.a ms;af;a yd mkaÿfõ oialï /ila ±l .; yelsh' fujr f,dal l=i,dkg kï

fldg ;sfnk Y%S ,xld lKAvdhfï l%Svlhska lSm fokl= fj;skao id¾:l oialï u;= úh' fujr jeäu ,l=Kq bksu ufya, chj¾Okf.a ms;af;ks' th tia'tia'iS' lKAvdhu fjkqfjka í¨ïmS,aâ lKAvdhu iu. fkd±ù ,l=Kq 163ls' mkaÿ

138lska /ia jQ bksug yfha myrj,a folla iy y;f¾ myrj,a 22la we;=<;a úh' í¨ïmS,aâ lKAvdhu lvq¨ 6lg ,l=Kq 285la /ia l< w;r ms<s;=re bksug tia'tia'iS' lKAvdhu lvq¨ 2lg ,l=Kq 288la /ia lf<ah' ufya, iy ;s,dka iurùr w;r

fujr oCI;u l%v S lhd iS'iS'iS' lKAvdhfï iÑ;a m;srKhs' iÑ;a jvd lemS fmkqfka mka�� heùfï§h'

fuu bksfï 3jeks lvq,a,g iïnkaO;djh ,l=Kq 161ls' fujr ;r.dj,sfha fyd|u ms;slrejd f,i kï flrefKa y,dj; fïßhkaia lKAvdhfï kdhl ufya, Wvj;a;hs' ufya, fujr ,l=Kq w;r /ÿK ms;slrefjls' Tyqf.a bksï w;r ,kalkaia iu. ,l=Kq 55" nÿr,sh iu. 68" geñ,a hqkshka iu. 53" tka'iS'iS' iu. ,l=Kq 100" flda,aÜia lKAvdhu iu. meje;s wjidk mQ¾j ;r.fha§;a ufya, fyd| bksula l%Svd lf<a cd;sl lKAvdhug ;udf.a f;dard .ekSu fmkakqï lrñks' ;s,lr;ak ä,aIdka fujr øúv ix.ï lKAvdhu fjkqfjka


25 w.kd bksula l%Svd lf<ah' th ,kalkaia lKAvdhug tfrysjh' ä,aIdkaf.a bksu fkd±ù ,l=Kq 133ls' yfha myrj,a 3la iy y;f¾ myrj,a 21la we;=<;aj fuu bksu mkaÿ 99lska jd¾;d úh' tys§ ,l=Kq 85la /ia l< .sydka rEmisxy iy ä,aIdka w;r m<uq lvq,a,g iïnkaO;dh ,l=Kq 174ls' bksul fyd|u mkaÿ heùu jd¾;d lf<a wcka; fukaäia ^hqo yuqÞj& iy ÿ,dxck l,aydr ^kdúl yuqÞj& fofokdh' Y%S ,xld l%Svl wcka; iS¥j roafÞ¿j lKAvdhu iu. ,l=Kq 12g lvq¨ 6lao" l,aydr uqj¾ia lKAvdhu iu. ,l=Kq 13 lvq¨ 6lao ojdÆy' fuu mkaÿ heùï folu î ldKAvh ;r. j,§h' fujr wvqu lKAvdhï ,l=Kq jd¾;d l< iS¥j roafÞ¿j lKAvdhu ,l=Kq 73lg ±ù .sfha hqo yuqÞ lKAvdhu fjkqfjka wcka; fukaäia l< mkaÿ heùu ksidh' fujr tlaÈk ;r.dj,sfha§ tA yd î ldKAv ;r.j,ska u;= jQ oialï igykla my; ±lafõ Y;l ,l=Kq l=ud¾ ix.laldr ^tka'iS'iS'& 133 ,kalka iu. Wmq,a ;r. ^tka'iS'iS"& 118 nÿr,sh iu. u,skao j¾Kmqr ^flda,aÜia& 111 ierikaia iu. ;s,lr;ak ä,aIdka ^øúv ix.ï& 100 nÿr,sh iu.

pdur lmqf.or ^tka'iS'iS& 108 y,dj; fïßhkaia wÑr trx. ^.=jka yuqÞj& 100 kdúl yuqÞj iu. fyd|u mkaÿ heùu rejka; le,a,fmd; ^uqj¾ia& 40$5 kdúl yuqÞj iu. Ñka;l fmf¾rd ^y,dj; fïßhkaia& 15$5 ,kalka iu. kqjka m%§ma ^í¨ïmS,aâ& 30$5 ierikaia iu. uÿr ,laud,a ^rd.u& 60$5 tia'tia'iS' iu. iamardia mdrela ^wkaf;dakshkaia& 35$5 iS¥j roafÞ¿j iu. fujr oCI;u l%Svlhd iS'iS'iS' lKAvdhfï iÑ;a m;srKhs' iÑ;a jvd lemS fmkqfka mkaÿ heùfï§h' Tyqf.a fyd|u mkaÿ heùu ,kalka l%Svd iudch iu. 30$4 øúv ix.ï 39$3" nÿr,sh iu. 31$3' l%i S f a gdam¾ rKisxy

fujr ;r.dj,sfha fyd|u ms;l s rejd f,i kï flrefKa y,dj; fïßhkaia lKAvdhfï kdhl ufya, Wvj;a;hs' ufya, fujr ,l=Kq w;r /ÿK ms;l s refjls' Tyqf.a bksï w;r ,kalkaia iu. ,l=Kq 55" nÿr,sh iu. 68" geñ,a hqkh s ka iu. 53" tka'iS'iS' iu. ,l=Kq 100"


26

j¾K,dNs l%l s Ü Èúhlska yd jd¾;d iuQyhlska miqj fnda;ï l%l s Ü msáfhka iuqf.k .shdg miq tx.,ka; l%l s Ü f,da,k S f a .a y| ne| .;a iqmß s ;uhd jqfKa wekavDD ma,skafgdma'

j¾K,dNs ma,skafgdma l%slÜ msáfhka iuq wrka x.,ka;h fuf;la ìys l< úYsIG a ;u ;=ka bßhõfõ l%l s Ü l%v S lhd Y%u S ;a bhka fnda;ï' j¾K,dNs l%l s Ü

t

Èúhlska yd jd¾;d iuQyhlska miqj fnda;ï l%l s Ü msáfhka iuqf.k .shdg miq tx.,ka; l%l s Ü f,da,k S f a .a y| ne| .;a iqmsß;uhd jqfKa wekavDD ma,skafgdma'

fnda;ï jf.au ma,f s gdma Y+r ;=ka bßhõfõ l%Svlfhla' ms;af;ka mkaÿfjka jf.au mkaÿ /lSfukao ma,skafgdama by<u oialï ud,djla fnda;ïg iu.dój m%o¾Ykh l<d' kuq;a fnda;ïg jf.a È.= l%l s Ü .ukla hdfï

jru ma,k s f a gdmag WÞ jqfKa keye' tA wjdikdjka; f,i Tyq miqmi yUd meñ‚ wdndOhka fya;f = jka' wdndOhka ksid ma,k s f a gdmaf.a l%l s Ü Èúh wvd, jqKd' miq.h s ojil ma,k s f a gdma ;SrKhla .;a;d' th Tyq wmyiqfjka


27

2009 fgiaÜ ;r.j,ska muKla iuq .;a;;a kej; l%l s Ü msáhg meñŒfï n,dfmdfrd;a;j = la ma,k s f a gdma ;=, ;snK q d' ´iafÜ%,h s dj mrojd tx.,ka; ms, fjkqfjka ch flfy<s kxjkakg;a wdidjla ysf;a mej;=Kd' kuq;a ffjoH ks¾foaYh ksid m%d¾:kdj .s,y s s .shd' .;a ;SrKhla' fï wkqj ma,k s f a gdma ±ka l%slÜ l%Svdfjka iuqwrka' jeäfokd n,dfmdfrd;a;= jqfKa t<fUk tx.,ka; ´iafÜ%,h s d —w¿ n÷k˜ fgiaÜ ud,djg miq iuq .kSú lsh,d kuq;a ;SrKh blauka jqKd' miq.sh jljdkqfõ l%slÜ msáhg meñ‚ we;eu olaI

l%Svlhskag jf.a brKula ma,skafgdmag;a w;ajqKd' tA wjdikdjka; wdndOhla ksihs' ma,k s f a gdma iuq .ekSug;a l%l s Ü ;r jeä njg l;dj fya;= jqKdo

hkak m%Yk a hla' 32 yeúßÈ ma,k s f a gdmaf.a iuq.ekSu .ek m%ldYhla l< Tyqf.a ffjoHjrhd

mdohl mj;sk wdndOh l%l s Ü jeks fjfyildÍ l%Svdjlg Tfrd;a;= fkdfok neõ mjid ;snqKd' 2009 fgiaÜ ;r.j,ska muKla iuq .;a;;a kej; l%l s Ü msáhg meñŒfï n,dfmdfrd;a;=jla ma,k s f a gdma ;=, ;snK q d' ´iafÜ%,h s dj mrojd tx.,ka; ms, fjkqfjka ch flfy<s kxjkakg;a wdidjla ysf;a mej;=Kd' kuq;a ffjoH ks¾foaYh ksid m%d¾:kdj .s,y s s .shd' kuq;a ma,k s f a gdma iuqf.k .sfha Tyqg ;Dma;h s f.k ÿka jd¾;djla iu.hs' fgiaÜ ;r. 79l§ ,l=Kq 3845 iy lvq¨ 226' tlaÈk ;r. 141 l§ ,l=Kq 3394 iy lvq, 169' fgiaÜ Y;l 5 iy tlaÈk Y;l 3hs' fyd|u mkaÿ heùu tlaÈk ;r.hl§ ,l=Kq 19lg lvq¨ 5la' ysgmq tx.,ka; l%l s Ü kdhlhl= jk uhsl,a fjdaka fï iuq .ekSu .ek igykla ;enqjd fia' — wekavDD ma,k s f a gdmaf.a iuq .ekSu iuia; l%l s Üj,g mdvqjdla' o¾Yk ixÔj


1972 § wdrïN lrk ,o ó.uqj ,sfhda l%l s Ü iudcfha m%:u iNdm;s jQfha ,sfhda m%kdkaÿ uy;dh' bka miqj à' mS'tï' fvda,a uy;d" t,a' iqrùr uy;d" m%§ma mSßia hk uy;ajre iNdm;sjre f,i lghq;= l<y' fuys j¾;udk iNdm;s f,i lghq;= lrkafka ysrka; m%kdkaÿ uy;dh' 1972 wdrïN lrk ,o ó.uqj ,sfhda iudch jir 28lg miqj tkï 2000 jif¾§ furg m<uq fm< ird l=i,dkh i|yd iqÿiqlï ,eîh' miq.h s jif¾§ jhi 23ka my< fojk fldgia Y+rhka ùug ó.uqj ,sfhda l%l s Ü iudchg yelsúh' tA wkqj fojk fldgfia Y+rhka ùfuka miq fuu jif¾§ m%:u j;djg ird l=i,dk 23ka my< m<uq fldgfia l%v S d lsÍug jrï ,nd .;af;ah' 23ka my< lKAvdhfï m%Odk mqyK q l q re f,i lghq;= lrkafka ÈfkaIa ùrisxy uy;dh' WmfoaYl mqyK q l q re f,i ufyaIa ùrisxy uy;d lghq;= lrhs' ird l=i,dkh i|yd iyNd.s jk lKAvdhfï m%Odk mqyK q l q re f,i wð;a ùrisxy uy;d lghq;= lrk w;r WmfoaYl mqyK q l q re jYfhka ufyaIa ùrisxy uy;dh' fuu jif¾ ird l=i,dkh i|yd ó.uqj ,sfhda lKAvdhfï kdhl;ajh orkq ,nkafka

PhdrEmfha miq fm< isgf.k jfï isg ol=Kg liqka u,skoa " È,kal ixÔ¾" Yd,s; o is,j a d" pß;a fldäldr" oyï ,shkf.a" ksYl s is,j a d" kqjka kdkdhlaldr" ,ika; fmf¾rd" wYdka reisre" m%§ma wdkkao" rdms bïrdia" wYdâ fndarï" ufkdaÊ ixÔj" ,ysre ix.S;"a Ysydka ckq¾ãka" pñkao fmf¾rd' bÈß fm< jfï isg ið;a ä,ka;" ufyaIa ùrisxy ^WmfoaYl mqyK q l q re& ndkql foajiqf¾kaø ^Wm kdhl&" liqka m%kdkaÿ ^f,alï&" rejka fiakdr;ak ^kdhl&" wð;a ùrisxy ^mqyK q l q re&" ksyd,a fihsid" pñ,a úfÊj¾Ok

rejka fiakdr;ak úisk's Tyq mkakm s á s h O¾umd, úoHd,h ksfhdackh l< ;=ka bßhõfjkau lemS fmfkk lSvlfhls' roafÞ¿j uyd úoHd,h ksfhdackh l< ;=ka bßhõfjka lemS fmfkk ndkql foajiqf¾kaø Wmkdhl f,i lghq;= lrhs' j¾;udk l%v S d iudcfha f,lï ;k;=r fydnjkafka liqka m%kdkaÿ uy;dh' l<ukdlre f,i bkaøð;a is,j a d uy;d lghq;= lrhs'

ird l=i,dk i|yd iyNd.s jk ñ.uqj ,sfhda l%v S d iudc l%l s Ü lKAvdhu y÷kd .ksuq

Pdhd ( mqIm a l=udr o is,j a d

28


29

2011 c.;a fgksia msáh

jeä ;r.ldß ,l=Kq my< fj,d frdamh" wefußldj" ´iafÜ%,shdj" wdishdj iy wm%l s dj uq,a lrf.k cd;Hka;r fgksia msáh wjqreoafoa jeä ld,hla ;r. mj;ajkjd' thska m%Odk ;ek ´iafÜ%,h s dkq m%xY" úïn,avka iy tlai;a ckmo .%Ekaâ ia,Eï kñka y÷kajk fgksia ;r. yr;hs' fï yer f,dal fgksia ix.uh hgf;a jD;a;h S uÜgfï ;r. /ilao mj;ajkq ,nkjd' wo fjkÞg jvd cd;Hka;r fgksia msáh ;r.ldÍhs' f,dal fY%‚ a .; l%v S l l%ä S ldjka ixLHdj jeähs' ;r.j,g wkq.d% yl Þhl;ajh by<hs' ish,a, tla;eka l<du c.;a fgksia msáh j¾K,dNsh's ;r. ch.%yKh lrk l%v S l l%ä S ldjkag m%Þkh lrk uqo,a wo jeä fj,d' l;djg lshkafka —i,a,s u¨ msß kefukjd˜ lsh,hs' fï yskoa u by<u fY%‚ a .; l%v S l l%ä S ldjka .c fmdfydi;=k'a l%v S lhska wo by<u fY%‚ a h ,nd isák frdc¾ f*v¾" rmdfh,a kvd,a" wekaä uf¾" wekaä frdäla" fkdjla fvdfldúla jeks l%v S lhska by<u uqo,a Wmhkakka' l%ä S ldjka w;r

hq

fï ;;a;j a h ,nd isákafka lefrd,hska fjdiakh s els" ußhd Irdfmdajd la,õ s la,i s g a ¾" ùkia iy fYÍkd ú,shïia jeks l%ä S ldjka' fudjqka miqmiska meñfKk ;j;a l%v S l l%ä S ldjka msßilao wo uqo,a Wmhk ud¾.hg msúis,d' msßñ wxl tl fY%‚ a .; ;;a;j a h 2010 wjika jk úg ,nd we;af;a rmdfh,a kvd,a miq.h s wjqreoafoa Tyq m%Odk Y+r;d lSmhlau ch.%yK l<d' fï wjqreoafoa ;udf.a n,dfmdfrd;a;j = wxl tl fY%‚ a h /l .ekSu nj kvd,a mjikjd' kvd,a l,ska tl È.gu ld,hla wxl tl /÷K l%v S lhd frdc¾ f*vr¾' .sh wjqreoafoa miqneï ksid Tyqg fï ;;a;j a h wysñj .shd' kuq;a jir wjidfka meje;s udiag¾ia Y+r;dj ch .ekSug

f*vr¾ iu;a jqKd' .s,y s s .sh wxl tl ;;;ajh kej; Èkd .ekSug m%n, ;r. uÜgula fujr f*vr¾ úiska mj;ajd .kq we;ehs n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkjd' ysgmq f,dal Y+ßhka lSmfofkl= wNsnjd ±ka l%ä S ldjka w;r wxl 1 lefrd,hska fjdiakh s elsh's ú,shïia" Irdfmdajd" la,i s g a ¾ia ku /kaÿ hq.h ±kg ;djld,slj wjikafj,d' kuq;a fï ysgmq Y+ßhka ljqre;a mjikafka by< ;;a;j a h ,nd .kakg yelshdj ;ukag ;sfnk njhs' fï úêhg yeu;sku a fmkakï q lrkafka 2011 c.;a fgksia msáh jvd ;r.ldÍ ;;a;j a hla .kakd njhs' mqnÿ q fldäldr


30

2010 Y%S ,xld - fldfoõ

fgiaÜ oialï ,xld - nysr bka§h fldfoõ l%l s Ü ;r.dj,sh miq.h s Þ ksudj ÿgqfõ wjdikdjka; whqßks' tA jd¾Id iys; ld,.=Kh ksidh' foms, w;r fgiaÜ ;r. ;=kgu jd¾Idfjka ndOd t,a, jQ w;r ;r. myl tlaÈk ;r. ud,dj

Y%S

wj,x.= lrkq ,eîh' whym;a ld,.=Kh uq,ù a fuka fuf,i Y%S ,xldfõ fgiaÜ ud,djla iïmQ¾K lsÍug fkdyels jQfha m%:u j;djgh' l,lg miq furg§ Y%S ,xld - fldfoõ ;r.dj,shla krUkakg l%l s Ü f,da,k S g a ;snQ wjia:dj wvmK ùu wjdikdjls' flfia fj;;a f,dal

fgiaÜ ;r. ud,dfõ heùug ;snQ mkaÿ ´jr jr,ska 694la wmf;a .sfhah' fgiaÜ ;r.j, ojia 15ka 7lau wvd, úh'

l=i,dk ;r.dj,shg fmr ckjdß wjidfka foms, w;r tlaÈk ;r. ;=kla meje;aùu l%l s Ü f,da,k S g a wiajeis,, a ls' fgiaÜ ;r. ud,dfõ heùug ;snQ mkaÿ ´jr j,ska 694la wmf;a .sfhah' fgiaÜ ;r.j, ojia 15ka 7lau wvd, úh' .d,af,a meje;s m<uq fgiaÜ ;r.fha§ ´jr 340la hejqK w;r wd¾' fm%u a Þi yd m,af,alef,a fgiaÜj,§ ´jr 316lska ;r. iSud úh' iuia; jYfhka fuu fgiaÜ ;r.dj,sh igyka jkafka whym;a tlla f,ih' fgiaÜ ;r.dj,sfha úfYaI oialï .d,af,a§ fldfoõ msf,a l%sia f.a,a jd¾;d l< ,l=Kq 333 ;%; s j a Y;lhhs' f.a,a ;%s;aj Y;l folla jd¾;d l< isõjeks fgiaÜ

ms;l s rejd jk w;r wks;a ;sfokd fvdk,aâ n%eâuka ^´iafÜ%,h s dj&" n%hka ,drd ^fldfoõ& iy úf¾kaø fYjd.a ^bkaÈhdj& fldfoõ msf<a kdhl veka ieó ;ud kdhl;ajh ÿka m<uq fgiaÜ ;r.fha§ ms;l s rejl= f,i m%:u mkaÿfjkau ±ù hdu jd¾;djls' ;%; s j a Y;lhla ,nd .;a l%i s a f.a,a 3jeks fgiaÜ ;r.fha ^m,af,alef,a& fldfoõ m<uq bksfï ;ud uqyK q ÿka m%:u mkaÿfjka iqrx.


31

fgiaÜ ;r.dj,sfha úfYaI oialï .d,af,a§ fldfoõ msf,a l%i s a f.a,a jd¾;d l< ,l=Kq 333 ;%; s j a Y;lhhs' f.a,a ;%; s j a Y;l folla jd¾;d l< isõjeks fgiaÜ ms;l s rejd

,laud,a yuqfõ ±ù hdu ;j;a isÿùuls' Y%S ,xld fldfoõ fgiaÜ ;r.dj,sfha úfYaI oialï igykla my; ±lafõ' jeäu lKAvdhï ,l=Kq fldfoõ 580 lvq¨ 9lg ^.d,a,& Y;l - l%i s a f.a,a 333 ^.d,a,& l=ud¾ ix.laldr 150 ^fld<U& ;r.dj,sfha jeäu ,l=Kq l%sia f.a,a ^fldfoõ& ;r. 3l bksï 4l§ ,l=Kq 366 l=ud¾ ix.laldr ^Y%S ,xldj& ;r. 3l bksï 4l§ ,l=Kq 228 verka n%dfjda ^fldfoõ& ;r. 3 bksï 4l§

,l=Kq 206 fn%kv a ka kEIa ^fldfoõ& ;r. 3 bksï 3l§ ,l=Kq 160 ;s,dka iurùr

^Y%S ,xldj& ;r. 3 bksï 3l§ ,l=Kq 151 ;r.dj,sfha jeäu lvq¨ wcka; fukaäia ^Y%S ,xldj& ,l=Kq 304 lvq¨ 11 leud frdaÉ ^fldfoõ& ,l=Kq 245 lvq¨ 10 rx.k fyar;a ^Y%S ,xldj& ,l=Kq 130 lvq¨ 7 wkqr fmf¾rd


32

uer;ka k.rh 2500 ixj;airh iur,d ,, l%v S dfõ wiSre;u biõj f,i ie,flk —uer;ka˜ Odjkh wo f,dj mqrd m%lgh' T,sïmsla Wf<, we;=<;aj yeu cd;Hka ; r l% S v d Wf<,l§u uer;ka Odjkh mj;a j kq ,nhs ' fndiagka" ,kavka" ksõfhdal"a n¾,s k a " ìðx hk k.rj, jd¾Is l j mj;a j kq ,nk uer;ka Odjkhka by< ;r.ldß;ajhla fmkakï q lrhs' uer;ka biõfõ ÿr lsf,da óg¾ 42ls ' uer;ka kduh f,djg ,eî we;af;a .%i S f s hks' .%i S f s ha k.rhla f,i uer;ka m%lgh' miq.h s Þ fuu k.rfha úfYaI W;aijhla meje;ajf q Ka jir 2500lg fmr meje;s hqoO a hla iurkakgh' l% s i a ; = mQ ¾ j 490 § .% S l m¾ishka yuqÞjka w;r hqoO a hla mej;=‚' th wjika jQfha .%l S yuqÞjg ch.%yKh w;a lr foñks' .%l S hka hqoO a h ch .;a mqm; ie, lrkakg mSãmsãia kï Odjlhd uer;ka is g we;eka i a kq j r ola j d m‚úvhla /f.k .sfhah' tÞ tf,i mSãmsãia Odjk l< ÿr 1986 we;eka i a kQ ; k m% : u T,s ï ms l a Wf<f,a uer;ka

u

Odjkhg tla flß‚' Tyqg f.!rjh m;d wog;a uer;ka Odjkh mj;ajkq ,nhs' fï wNsudkj;a wjia:dj iurkak .%i S h s mqrd úúO W;aij ud,djla mj;ajkq ,eîh' tys flakaøia:dkh jqfKa uer;ka k.rhhs' l%v S l l%ä S ldjka 12"500 iyNd.s jQ we;ekaia uer;ka Odjkh m%Odk ;ekla .;af;ah' —we;ekaia uer;ka ud¾.h wNsfhda.u;a' kuq;a tys iqkoa r njla /£ ;sfnkjd˜ hs ;r.h ixúOdkh l< .%Sl T,sïmsla lñgq f õ m% O dks ia m hs f rdia lemarf,dia mejeiSh' uer;ka fndlafla fndaÜgq

Odjk ;r.hla fia u uer;ka hqo iaudrlh wi, iure W;aijhla o ixúOdh fldg ;sfí' .%l S iy úfoa Y S h l % S v l l% S ä ldjka / ila ;r.j,g

meje;a f jhs ' f,dj is h ¨u uer;ka Odjk ;r.j,§ ^m%Odk& l% S v l l% S ä ldjka 20"000la bla u jd ;r. je§u lemS fmfkkakls' j¾;udk f,dal uer;ka Odjk Y+ r hd fya , a f.íßis , dis h ' meh 2l= ; a ñks ; a ; = 3 ;;a m r 59la uer;ka f ,da l jd¾;dj

iyNd.s jQy' jd¾Isl uer;ka Odjk ;r. .ek l;d lrk úg tlai;a ckmofha fndiagka Odjkh m% O dk ;ekla Wiq , hs ' Y; j¾Ihl ld,hla bla u jd fndia g ka uer;ka Odjkh

Wiq,kafkao Tyqh' f.íßis,dis ueÈ ÿr Odjlhl= f,i T,sïmsla molalï Èkd uer;ka Odjkhg meu‚ l%Svlfhls' l%i s f a gdam¾ rKisxy


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