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may 2011

l a i r o t i d _e Dear friends, this month Libertas comes to you different. We decided not to challenge our contributors with a pre-defined topic, but to let them choose what they wanted to share their ideas about, simply asking them to write about hot topics going on in the world. We considered two important aspects in this topic: that young people today must be well informed about what is happening around the globe, and the best way to do so is by getting information from people who are living the situation themselves - in the end, problems seem to be the same all over, so we should all profit from the experiences of others; and that everyone today has something to say about major events that are going on in the world, and we are here to make the voices of the youth heard. With this ideas in mind, our contributors have looked out their window and beyond, bringing up problems and events that we now share with you. From catastrophes to big steps that are still the beginning of the road, this issue of Libertas is filled with a critical look from young people on the workings of the world. Also, it’s good to remember that this month the last issue of Libertas+ in partnership with the Council of Europe will be online on the 15th. Do not miss the closing of this project! Enjoy the reading and join the discussion on the website!

Daniel Nunes



04 a new rule? 07 poetry 08 brazilian gays: now we’re almost 09 becoming citizens 10 apathy in the uk 12 let’s speak about youth unemploy14 ment 14 aftershocks and reflections 17 “idem” by móveis coloniais de acaju

18 Youth centers - uniting young people

19 antichrist 20 pigs in maputo 21 poetry 22 3-11 porter interview 25 easy chocolate cake 26 photoshoot

Libertas 21 free topics published June 2011


$ A new rule? Lukas Valek


I am very disturbed by the state of system we live in and I have a need to share my considerations and maybe to give some new food to your minds. The following article consists of points that I learned throughout my life and during my studies. Let´s say that 95% students of economics fall for it and they are convinced everything must work as it works now and the remaining five percent understands how twisted the system is and they run away fast. I am one of the 5%. I became a volunteer.

At first now ask yourself what is money and what is profit and also why or if it is important to you. Don´t answer right now, read first.

It happened that main focus nowadays

falls on personal success and success in business and as a success is considered nothing more than profit, profit of any kind. Anyway any abstract profit, like for example information, knowledge or material has it´s sense only if it brings monetary profit afterwards. First part of this hunt for profit is understandable. Mankind has always yearned for power and money can give you that feeling. The more money you have the more power you get. Maybe it is also ethically twisted, but that is the way of man. One way or another we often want to have control and power over others. But there is second part, making profit just for itself. In this sense money, submissive servant of human kind has a new role. They became alive, a living creature which feasts on its parents. In the age of globalization, which I feel is a natural change; the biggest companies came to merge creating huge machines for money. In these companies, people work convinced that they have to work to make their own profit and therefore preserve their lives. Company structure is based on exploiting


people´s precious time of life also to gain profit of its own. There is no difference between managers and the last janitor. All of them work for a company, which is in the essence only virtual representation of something that doesn´t really exists. People bond in a social group with one common target, they work together to exploit opportunities of the market and by that harm other companies, other groups of people. Through its work companies gain profit and can show to the public that they are better or worse than other companies by calculating complex indexes. Of course usually hundreds of indexes are presented to gain the trust of the shareholders and investors which give more money to the business. Big companies usually end their fiscal year with huge profits often counted for all branches over the world. This number, the profit, is money that the company has no use for. They deducted all the taxes, costs, filled reserve funds and now they have a pile of money only to show, that they are so talented in gaining it. For this all the employees worked at least 8 hours every workday.

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If we look closer, there are companies who produce some values, but many of them are actually hanged on others just to suck money. There are rating and consulting companies whose work is very abstract and uncertain but expensive, therefore raising the costs and therefore raising prices of other companies, who tend to think they need their services. There are financial market traders who use money as goods selling and buying them to generate another profit. Pharmaceutical companies who profit on various illnesses without any rush and need to find a cure, which would only cut their profit. Companies offering services while they openly lie that they will save your time and money, how could they? Their aim is profit. Are these companies also led by people? It looks like everything is very expensive on this world, believe it is not. High prices are mostly a result of constant reselling. There many suppliers down the line artificially rising prices to make their profit bigger. Here is an example: Company A produces product X. Company B buys it in order to be the main supplier of X on it´s market, but it also makes a deal with company C which is a big wholesaler of product X. So B sells product X with a profit to company C. Now company D is coming and wants to buy product X from B. But B doesn´t sell it straight. It buys it again from C (which of course added profit) and sells it with another profit to D. Therefore B

Money in its original sense already almost lost their exchange function. The basic function to mediate the exchange of goods is gone, they become goods themselves and something that is most important to have on this world. Why? In the beginning money really only contained value, because they were made of precious metals. Later they were covered by gold or other properties in the banks so there were only amount of money which could be balanced by the real value. Nowadays money is emitted according to the needs of the markets and economy; they are also electronic so in reality they don’t exist. They are often only as a record on hard drives of the banks. So people work at least 8 hours per workday to gain something which only represent a value; anyway they can buy food and other products and survive. It is good that so far you can exchange such a virtual thing for physical objects of need. But a system, which is said to be run also by humans, want them to keep their money. By supporting a feeling of necessity with the help of advertisement and appealing on the people´s basic needs and whishes it is artificially raising consumption of goods draining money back to the hands of the companies. Companies continue in their struggle to gain more profit than others by using employee´s life force as a fuel. And what kind of work do people do for their companies? From the pressure of governments there is the need to keep some level of employment so people can gain money and keep spending to feed big companies back again. Therefore many employees either get big amount of tasks to keep bulky bureaucracy of a company/government running or they need to be at work even when there is no need to have them there. Both ways seems useless and ridiculous especially at times when most of repetitive human work could be replaced by machines. Isn´t it sad to see cashiers doing pointless work or refilling shelves in supermarkets, or factory workers; office clerks filling never ending excel charts, when they could do work which would also give something positive to them and get paid for it?


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earns twice and by reselling the price raises considerably. Even worse is that this circle can repeat more times. Such a process happens of course also with services, energies etc., and making final products ridiculously expensive without any reasonable explanation why.











Now it sounds like utopia. The memory of humans is too short and they cannot imagine how it could work differently than it is now. We are prisoners of our minds and our jailor is social pressure which forces us to keep our mouth shut and stay in line. But the only thing necessary to make it real is to change of thinking and attitude, from profit to people. It is clearly visible that profit thinking is everywhere

and it was never more home than in politics. With the pressure of professional lobbyists, a profession, which is wonder why it is still not banned by law, politicians are guided by their own profit and decide in order to gain it. In the current system called democracy, politicians should be the ones picked from the people to decide and rule in their favor. The word democracy comes from the Greek language and it means “rule of the people”. There is no need to lie to yourself that people are in charge here. Profit and money has ruled for long time by now and they continue to do so. We are living in the age of “monecracy”, the rule of the money. Taking part in politics is a role of honor, therefore taking part in politics should not be paid more than the average wage in the respective country and their motivation should be only to act for the people who voted for them, not for the profit their position could bring them. Now try to answer the question from the beginning and make your own opinion.

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It of course rises the question what these people would do if their work was overtaken by a machine? The answer is simple. If companies forget about profit and they invest in suitable technology they can release money and keep employees working for much less hours with same wage or give them other work depending on their needs. It also should be noted that there is considerable amount of work on this planet which doesn´t bring profit, but it’s necessary and it makes lives better. Now it needs to be done by volunteers, but the variety is so huge that it is easy to imagine that anyone can find a work that they find enjoyable, do it for society and for money. Money can stay as a medium for exchange and without a hunt for profit, without ridiculous reselling and useless work this world could be a happier place.

_events SoNAR: International festival of advanced music and multimedia SÓNAR is Barcelona’s wildly popular International Festival of Advanced Music and Multimedia. Music lovers descend on the Catalonian capital to see exhibitions at the MACBA and CCCB by day, and rave at dance parties in Calle Botánica by night.

what SÓNAR where Barcelona, Spain when From June 16thh to june 18th website

Don Juan Guilherme da Silveira Ev

When I see them walking on the streets Like petals in the wind, I long for their gentleness, Their ginger-scented white touch.


When I see them looking at the sky Like flowers in full bloom, I long for all the blueness Reflected in their faces. When I see them laugh and smile In all their bone-white glory, I long for the faintest cloud To stretch under their feet. When I have them in my arms, Bloodstream running at large, A moment melts into strange colors And only emptiness follows after.

Chill delirium Thomas A. F. Bahia Fireworks in hell Bubbles in the Sky Hope that melts in a constant breath Stone steps with my tired legs Cold pools in the corridor Brainstorm in the daily coldness Blinded people in the city haze Yeah, confusion will be my epitaph


Brazilian gays:

Now we’re almost becoming citizens 8

Amanda Bruno photo: Ilana Caiafa

The 5th of May 2011 is a day for all gay people in Brazil to remember. On this day, the Brazilian Supreme Court recognized stable homosexual unions as legal, in accordance with the principles of human equality and dignity described in the country’s constitution. What changes this decision brings? Well, now, gay couples are recognized as a family, and partners will be able to give one another an inheritance or pension, share health plans, include the companion on an income tax return, and many other things. Now, gay couples have access to 112 rights that were previously given only to heterosexual ones. It is certainly an important conquest, but we still have many fights to go. The recognition of the stable same-sex unions as legal didn’t guarantee a full citizenship for homosexuals: gays are still not allowed to marry or have a civil partnership, so we still don’t have the same rights that straight people do. The legislation is now responsible for taking new decisions to resolve all the issues on homosexual rights. It’s important to create the civil union between same-sex people, and it’s necessary to approve the PL (law project) 122/06, that transforms homophobia into a crime. This project was written in 2006, but hasn’t been voted. If approved, the discrimination on sexual orientation and gender identity will be equaled to all other forms of discrimination and be treated as a crime. Brazil is a contradictory place when it comes to the acceptance of sexual diversity: we have the world’s largest gay parade at São Paulo, but we have also the world’s highest rates of discrimination on sexual orientation. In 2009, 198 people were killed for being LGBT. why it is so important to convert homophobia as a crime.

In 2010, this number rose to 250, and the real number of victims is likely to be much higher: the absence of specific legislation makes it much more difficult to identify homophobic crimes. That’s why it is so important to convert homophobia as a crime. The way to approve the PL 122/06, however,

seems to be hard. Brazil is the nation with the largest Roman-Catholic population, and the population of Protestants has been rising. Part of this people not only fights against LGBT acceptance, but has representatives in the National Congress that make strong opposition to the grant of full rights to LGBT people.

The conquest of the stable homosexual union is the result of the fights we have been through, and it has to be taken as a fuel to keep fighting. We have to unite ourselves to other people oppressed by the system and grant our full citizenship. We deserve the right to walk on the streets and display affection in public without the risk of being murdered for that.

s t n e v e _ Sao Paulo Fashion Week Each year fashionistas gather in the Fundação Bienal for the São Paulo Fashion Week. As well as eyeing up the latest Brazilian collections on the catwalk, visitors can attend talks and network with others in the industry.

what São Paulo Fashion Week where São Paulo, Brazil when From June 13th to June website



photo: Leo Reynolds

Apathy in the UK


Neal Parsons

On Thursday May 5th 2011 the British

public went to the polls to decide whether or not to change the system by which politicians are elected to the Houses of Parliament. The choice: to stick with the First Past The Post (FPTP) voting system, that critics decry as unfair and supporters argue is simple and effective, or change to the Alternative Vote (AV), a system used in just three countries in the world but that promises a truer representation of public support for MPs and their parties. And the overwhelming result? Maintain the status quo, and keep FPTP. But why did Britain have this referendum now; how was the battle won and lost; and why did the public choose to stick with a system which leaves many


with ‘wasted’ votes? The referendum was the culmination of a 90 year campaign by the Liberal Democrat party (Lib Dems) in the UK, who argue their performance in electoral results is impeded by FPTP. To take the most recent general election, May 2010, as an example: under FPTP the Lib Dems won 57 seats, about 9%. Yet their share of the vote was 23%, which under Proportional Representation (PR) would mean 149 seats. So naturally, they see the need for voting reform. When they entered into a coalition government agreement with the Conservative party last summer it seemed their time had come.

As part of an arrangement with the Conservatives to allow certain polices through, it was agreed that there would be a referendum on whether or not to change the voting system to AV. Now, it’s worth making clear that the Lib Dems never truly wanted AV; indeed Lib Dem leader, and now Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg described it as a “miserable little compromise” before the last general election. Instead the Lib Dems would prefer a version of PR known as single-transferable vote (STV), the details of which I haven’t the space to go into. Suffice to say, they were made to compromise their original demands by going into government with the Conservatives, who would be the party to lose the most from STV. As such AV was seen by the Lib Dems as a step in the right direction, if not the final solution to the problem. And so last summer it was decided to marry this referendum with a prearranged local election date, May 5th, and give the decision up to the people. For only the second time in its constitutional history the British people were given a referendum, and the first ever referendum on voting reform. The campaigns run by the two sides, known as Yes2AV and No2AV, started respectfully enough, but soon became ugly, with the No2AV campaign accused of lying to the electorate on the cost of AV, and for exaggerating the complexity of the voting process under AV. Both sides made extensive use of social media, and many unofficial videos and leaflets were circulated; their homemade aesthetic often proving to be more resonant with the public than the official campaign materials. In truth, however, neither campaign ever really

captured the imagination of the public at large. Widespread unemployment in both public and private sectors, hard-hitting cuts to public services, a proposed rise in tuition fees, coupled with the seemingly unending fog of voter apathy, meant many didn’t engage with the debate, and those who did felt that there were more pressing concerns. The biggest hindrance for the Yes2AV campaign, however, was the deep-rooted dislike and distrust of Nick Clegg himself. A politician who burst onto the scene in the run up to the general election with a series of dazzling performances in the televised leadership debates, he seemed to offer hope, change, and accountability. After just a year in government however, he has become the primary focus of people’s anger at the cuts to public services and, crucially, to the hike in tuition fees which he had promised to first freeze then abolish. As such the whole referendum became a vote of no confidence for Clegg. No longer did the public have sympathy for the Lib Dem’s electoral plight, and the unfairness of FPTP. The arguments of the Yes2AV campaign, of more accountable politicians, less wasted votes, more representation for minority parties, became just white noise. So as the votes were counted through the night last week it very quickly became clear that the public had voted a resounding ‘No’. Only 11 out of 440 regions voted yes, and only just over 40% of those eligible even bothered to vote at all. What should have been an era defining debate on the future of British politics became little more than a modern day equivalent of throwing rotten food at a guy in the stocks.

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Let’s speak about youth unemployment Anita Kalmane photos Michal Kasprzak

In the last few years, every-

body has been talking about youth unemployment. In the beginning I thought it will pass by and I personally considered it as only a problem to some people – those who do not know how to sell themselves or are quite lazy. I stopped thinking like that when my closest friends could not find a job and soon after I faced the same problem. Turns out I am not the only one who was thinking like that, and therefore I am introducing you Alma Mozgovaja who is involved in AEGEE-Europe Youth UnEmployment (YuE) project.


Please, introduce yourself! My name is Alma. I am 25 years old and currently living in Riga (Latvia), although in a few months I will be moving to Brussels (Belgium). I have a university degree in Communication Sciences, but for the last four years I have been working in marketing. My passions are: dancing, exploring new places and enjoying challenges that life is bringing me. For almost a year I am involved in AEGEE-Europe Youth UnEmployment project which aims to increase the employability of young people. Why is this topic – youth unemployment – important not only for European society and youth, but for you personally as well? We are young and we are passionate, but at some point when applying for a job we meet obstacles. One does not have a good enough degree or one does not have any experience in the particular position. Before my closest friends had the problem to find work, I thought that only those without a university degree or with lack of self confidence had this problem, but no. In fact, I was also unemployed for four months back in 2008 when the economical crisis hit the labour market and many companies cut down on staff and fired people – mainly those who had the least experience.

13 They were mainly young people who normally are able to adapt to a new situation and find a new job faster. As said before, I have also some friends who have problem to find new job because their university degree mismatches with the needs of the labour market. There are some who do not have enough experience or who lack particular skills, but it is important not to give up, look for opportunities and know how to sell your skills and experience, for example, how to present your experience in voluntary work and the skills you have gained there. Sorry about your unfortunate experience, but happy that you found a job after all! What is the current situation in Latvia in terms of youth unemployment? The latest statistics says that 12 percent of all unemployed people in Latvia are young people. These figures vary throughout Europe, but it is sad to see unemployment spread among young people. The reasons behind this problem are different and we cannot tackle all of them, but we can try to increase youth skills, knowledge, awareness and self-confidence. I guess that is where YuE comes in. What is the idea behind the project? The aim of the project is to increase the employability of young people by organising different events. We want to show youth that there is something more than just finding a job, for example, you can also create a job for yourself. Therefore at the moment we are organising one week long training course, called European School of Entrepreneurship which

will show the youth how to set up their own business. The training course will take place in autumn in Catania, Italy. Do you have any more events apart from this training course? Yes, we have organised 12 events in 12 European cities where we have trained around 700 young people how to write a CV, answer tricky questions during job interviews and understand the first steps when starting up an entrepreneurship. Till the end of this year we are planning to have three more conferences in Gdansk (Poland), Istanbul (Turkey) and Athens (Greece). What are your suggestions for Magazine Libertas readers who are looking for a job? I would suggest never underestimate yourself and your skills. Probably it will take some time to find a job you really want to do, but once you will you’ll be very happy doing it. Otherwise, if you accept any kind of job it can affect your chances in the future and lower your chances to be selected for the position you were dreaming of just because you have done some random job. But if you have done it – you should know how to sell this experience to your future employer. Look around, there are no borders! Look for a job in another country. There are no limitations for your degree and interests, so look around and find what else you can do and how you can improve your skills and competences. If you have an idea, make use out of it, start up your business! There are endless opportunities to get busy.

For more information about the project, please take a look at their website:

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Aftershocks and Reflections Katelyn Kivel


11 March 2011, something terrible happened, and I watched it on television. I sat in my living room watching the unimaginably gigantic waves at the height of the Great Eastern Japan Earthquake. I watched it, live on television. They said it was the first time that kind of devastation had been broadcast realtime via satellite; it was a marvel of modern technology that let the entire world watch with terror as Japan was beaten by the elements.

A professor and friend of mine, Dr. Jeffrey Angles, wasn’t watching it on CNN in the middle of the night, he was living it. He, my other friends in Japan, and the families of my Japanese friends here in America, were my first thought upon seeing the waves on television.


As an associate professor of Japanese literature and translation, Angles travels to Japan once a year, and has spent about seven years there overall. The calamity hit Japan near the end of this year’s trip, while he was teaching at the University of Tokyo. “There is a strange sensation when the earth begins to move beneath your feet, as if someone somewhere, much bigger and stronger than you is kicking the thing that you are standing on,” Angles described in his blog, International Date Line ( He was in a used book store in Waseda, Tokyo on 11 May 2011 when the quake hit. Typical quakes, he explained, don’t last nearly as long and aren’t nearly as strong as the one that devastated Japan. Bookshelves fell. Angles remembered wondering if the glass would break, or the building collapse. To his amazement, Angles ran into a colleague from the University of Arizona, who also happened to be in the States; “When I have read accounts of floods, mass evacuations, and invasions in history, I have always been amazed at how people in such situations seem to run into friends and acquaintances along the way,” he remarked, “Clearly, such things do happen when people are outside walking, not hidden like moles in the trains and subways underground.” The first images Angles and his friend saw of the devastation to the north were on the giant screens in Shirijuku, much like the ones in Times Square here in the States. The damage he had seen in Waseda was mild compared to what he saw on the screens. He wound up meeting an acquaintance, author Hirata Toshiko, at the appointed place and time because neither could contact the other. The bookstore they met at was closed, the window in front was broken and books were everywhere. Both being stuck for the evening, they went to a favorite place of a 1970s Japanese playwright

for drinks “even as the air of emergency continued around us.” The sense of normalcy was one echoed by Peter Payne, another American in Japan who runs a business that exports Japanese goods to the States. Payne was in Gunma, another area hit harder than normal but nowhere near as bad as northern Japan. His employees and their families were safe, and the postal service promised no interruption in his export services, much to his surprise. Payne compared the response in the week following to America during the Second World War; no looting, no rioting, just politely listening to announcements and people doing their part to get things back on track. Angles explained this attitude to his local newspaper, the Kalamazoo Gazette; “It’s often said that Japanese have a very strong ethic of ‘gaman,’ hanging in there, bearing with it. Even in adverse situations, they’re like, ‘OK, here’s what we need to do to recover,’” “Gaman” roughly means “no matter what, just keep going”. Angles and all his friends survived the earthquake as well, but he had trouble reaching some of them and some homes had been destroyed. It took a week for him to hear news from one particular friend, “When I got his message, I just started crying,” he said. He has been home, safe, in Kalamazoo, Michigan for a few months. He came home to Michigan (a very earthquakefree place) three days early, at the urging of his partner and parents, but told reporters that he had



“really complicated feelings about it.” Coming home, for Angles, meant leaving behind close friends, while the threat of Fukushima still lingers. The major, lasting questions are on the Fukushima Energy Utility. Angles characterized the fear of Fukushima as “fear of the unknown”, which is more than reasonable, as little is known about what will happen next. He added “Fukushima has made a lot of people very concerned about the future.” The Fukushima question, how to resolve it and what to learn from it, is the next question Japan will face. Renowned physicist Michio Kaku closely followed the development of the Fukushima situation, and has been one of the people calling for more alarm about the potential dangers still

posed by even a “stabilized” Fukushima as we’ve seen in the month prior to this writing. Angles views the dangers in an ever broader context; “I have encountered a number of people who see the problem as requiring us to rethink our entire modern lifestyle and energy consumption.” For now, there’s plenty of unknown to be afraid of, but the notion of gaman is a notion that sums up the determination of the “Fukushima fifty”, a term evidently not used in Japan, according to Payne: Japanese media hasn’t dramatized any of the Great Earthquake like Americans have. Besides, Payne remarked, “There are more than fifty engineers in the Fukushima power plants.”


_events Mexico City Pride

Every year, thousands of gays, lesbians, transsexuals and others add more colour to the vibrancy of Mexico’s capital at Mexico City Pride. Around 15,000 kick off the Marcha del Orgullo parade each year from Ã?ngel de la Independencia.

what Mexico City Pride where 25th of June when Mexico City, Mexico website Auckland Festival of Photography The annual Auckland Festival of Photography sees events and exhibitions all over the city. New Zealand’s largest public photographic visual arts fixture, the festival celebrates the medium of photography with events themed on Culture, Identity, Art and Participation.

what where when website

Auckland Festival of Photography Auckland, New Zealand From June 3rd to June 26th


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'Idem' by Móveis Coloniais de Acaju Júlia Tessler


talking about Brazilian music, people remember the obvious: bossa nova and mpb (big artists, like Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso, Tom Jobim, João Gilberto and so it goes). Sometimes people know one rock band or another or even some country bands. Truth be told: Brazil doesn’t have a nice strong music scenery: the good things are hidden and unwanted. Even though, a group of students from the University of Brasília (UnB, Brasília, Brazil) gets more recognition as time goes by. In this debut album, the band introduces itself as a strong and unique band. Known as the most powerful independent rock band in Brazil, Móveis Coloniais de Acaju surprises listeners in every way possible. With influences that come from ska, rock’n’roll and even from gypsy rock, the band presents a lot of energy and great sounds. They remind me, some-


how, of Gogol Bordello, with its weird influences and dancing music and all the craziness that come from each one in the band. In ‘Idem’ the listener finds itself completely taken by the sound of the band. The lyrics are catchy (even for those who don’t speak Portuguese) and funny. The sound that mixes different kinds of instruments is unbelievable. If you ever get a chance to see Móveis Coloniais de Acaju live, do it. Their concerts are unique and magical: all the energy they put on the records goes to their live presentations too. Dancing around with the public or just jumping and singing... This band is special. This is a different way of listening to Brazilian music. This is part of Brazil’s cultural side: a great side, with great potential.

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Marina Jovanovska

Kavadarci, Macedonia 02 – 10.05 2011. Young people from Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece and Latvia were the participants of this Training course. Around 20 youth workers and volunteers in Youth centers who would like to share their personal experience and to learn something more about how the Youth centers in the other countries are functioning gathered at one place. All the participants sat down in a circle made of chairs and we started the various activities. The beginning of the activities marked by the energizers, games for getting to know each other and the team building activities are most important because we should make a team out of the international group. The goal is to learn how to function all together. A lot of activities, presentations, team work, visits, simulation games, play action for the young people in the village Drenovo, a lot of

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guest professionals in their field, reflection groups, follow-up projects, exchanging experience, opinions and knowledge were our everyday activities. During the whole week we also had a presentation about the Youth in Action Programme as one possibility for non-formal education for the young people around Europe and the world which especially support the young population with fewer opportunities. The aim of this training course which was to support social inclusion and active participation of young people with fewer opportunities was achieved. The possibility to make a self evaluation for the Youthpass was the final activity of the training course. The participants went back to their countries with another positive experience, new contacts, and willingness to transfer their knowledge and work in the framework of the Youth in Action Programme in the future.

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“Antichrist” by Lars Von Trier Júlia Tessler For those of you who are all over cinema and cult stuff, the name “Lars Von Trier” shines and makes your eyes sparkle. This director is well known for making great movies that touch people. ‘Antichrist’ is not an example of one of those movies. Lars Von Trier found himself in a weak state of mind: depressed and disturbed. That is what this movie is about. The movie starts with a black and white prologue that shows alternating scenes of explicit sex and a cute baby. While the couple is bursting in pleasure, the baby falls from a window and dies. And that is how the madness starts... All the pain the couple goes through after their son’s death makes them go to a small house hidden in the Eden Forest. The husband, a psychologist,


wants to treat his wife and make them both get over the loss. The movie got a lot of bad reviews when it was released. People said it was unnecessary to have so many strong scenes in one movie. People left the theaters while the movie was being exhibited and cursed the director. But Lars Von Trier made himself clear: he wasn’t feeling good. So why make a movie just to please others? I, personally, believe that the movie only hits you because you can feel the pain while watching it. With so many bad movies pretending to be great ones, people run from the only one that can make you feel something. Anyway, if you don’t like explicit scenes or have a weak stomach, avoid it. But if you want to experience true cinema, go for it.

Pigs in Maputo

Pig cartoons of life in Mozambique

The wireless waves came from under the door

by Iris Yan


Some street kids stole my car headlights

Cheerful isn’t funny

for more, every day:

pigs in maputo.

_events what where when website

Chinese Opera Festival

Immerse yourself in the drama and spectacle of a cherished art form at Hong Kong’s Chinese Opera Festival. Local theatres showcase eight different regional styles of performance, and you can learn more about the genre at special exhibitions and talks.

Chinese Opera Festival Hong Kong, China From June 3rd to July 24th Programme/en/chinese_opera/00000283.html

Egyptian International Modern Dance Festival Connecting local and world talent, the Egyptian International Modern Dance Festival explores the latest trends in modern dance. Interesting performances emerging from the collaborations between Egyptian and foreign guest artists appear on stage at the Cairo Opera House.

what where when website

Egyptian International Modern Dance Festival Cairo, Egypt From June 16th to July 3rd

Looking for conscience Bernardo Filgueiras Megale Vieira

Across the fields the poet runs He throws himself against the air While his heart pounds faster than guns He feels his soul is far The poet focus on the verse And after running so much (Almost suffering a heart attack) He stops to admire the universe Then he feels his soul comes back




3-11 PORTER i n t e r v i e w Marjan Angelovski photos:

Mar What is the meaning of 3-11 Porter? Per Arne it is from the TV series X-Files. Mar What inspires you to do what you do? Per Arne Movies, people, other bands, strange people hope, and the drive whiten to make songs. Mar I know I’m not the only person who considers you to be an incredibly talented vocalist. Did you ever have any formal training? Per Arne just a bit, once, did not help much. Mar How did you write Surround me? Was that day sunny or cloudy? You were happy or blue? Because is not simple to write a song like Surround Me. Per Arne Lonely people, I meet quite a few of them when I worked at 7/11 Mar At this moment in time, what is your favourite song? Per Arne I do not have one there are so many, San Diego serenade by Tom Waits, Golden Brown by the Stranglers and many, many more


Mar Who’s your favourite artist? Per Arne The Stranglers, Pink Floyd, Tom Waits, Madness, Yello. Mar Is there an artist 3-11 Porter wants to work with, that has not yet had the opportunity to work with? Per Arne David Bowie, The Neville Brothers, Tom Waits and of course YELLO Mar Which songs does 3-11 Porter perform more frequently? Do you have a set play list? Per Arne Surround me, I can’t forget, Love train, Sunglasses, Where love’s never been Mar What is your opinion about Sivert Høyem (member of ex Madrugada) and your opinion about Norwegian rock bands? Do you have a favourite band from Norway? Per Arne He is a Great singer one of the best in the world I think, King Midas is my number one band in Norway, but also I like Royksopp and lots of others.


Mar What is your opinion about Swedish bands like Koop and others you know is it better Norwegian scene today than Swedish scene? Per Arne I’ve never heard Koop so I have to check them out, but the Knife, The Cardigans, Abba, it is hard to measure Norway against Sweden, but the Swedish have done a better job on the international market and have far more famous bands.

Mar What do you think about Eurovision Festival, is there a chance for a band to get famous from this contest, or not? Per Arne it is a strange competition but I do think that more and more (serious) artists are thinking about joining, it has a big audience.

Mar What advice would you give to fellow bands? Per Arne don´t give up and try to find your own sound, don’t try to become your favourite band, they already exist. Mar What can we expect from 3-11 Porter this year? When does Electric Velvet come out? Per Arne A new album, more “live” gigs , Electric Velvet will be released after the summer I think, but we always have plans for new music.


Mar Electric Velvet is similar to your last album or does it go in another direction? Are you and Tracee Meynare the only vocalists in this album, because Svein Hannsen is on guitar, or maybe we can hear other vocals too? Per Arne It takes us to some new grounds we hope, it is only me and Tracee, but on our last album “Surround Me” we had David M on spoken words on two tracks, The Sleep and Sunglasses, Mar Do you have any upcoming shows? Per Arne Nothing planned at this time, we are working on it. Mar What do you know about Macedonia? Per Arne Macedonia is a republic, that became independent in 1991. Skopje is the largest city and the capital population is 500,000. The Christian population is 66% Muslims 34 %, the Independence day is 8th of September, it’s a small country, but also a modern country, I hope to come and play a gig in Macedonia soon. Mar Norway has again been rated as the best country in the world to live in on the United Nations Development Index is that truth or the statistic is only delusional? Per Arne It is close to the truth, nothing is perfect but we are kind of lucky.

] ! [


e k a c e t a ol c o h c y s a E Anita Kalmane

I like cakes. And recently I discovered that I also like to bake cakes, so now every week or so I am baking a new cake at home.


One recipe I have tried already twice. Easy to make, easy to have all ingredients at home and easy to make guests happy!


~ Melt chocolate. Make sure you really have 200 g and not less, otherwise it’s not so amazingly good! :) I mostly melt chocolate in the pan, but the best way to do it is in a hot water bath (check Google how to do it correctly if you do not know). ~ Melt butter. ~ Mix with the mixer the eggs and the sugar. ~ Add the flour, melted chocolate and melted butter. Mix everything together. ~ Take a spring-form pan used for cakes and rub it with the butter. ~ Rub the form also with a bit of breadcrumbs. ~ Put the dough in the form and bake for around 30 minutes in 175° C. ~ After that it still needs to be a bit wet inside, but you do not know it before tasting. Just make sure you do not cool it too fast (they say that it should stay in an oven a bit afterwards).


ingredients 200 g chocolate 200 g butter 200 g sugar 300 g flour 3 eggs breadcrumbs

The last time I baked it, it was tasting a bit like brownies - but maybe that’s because I didn’t have so much chocolate at home and I used only half of the necessary dose, so it was not so strong. Normally after eating a piece of it you should be completely full and not being able to eat the second one! Enjoy and let me know how was it if you bake it!

] ! [

tips and tricks.

Dan Devir Alexandre Fonseca



Libertas Team: Daniel Nunes Vladimíra Brávková Dragan Atanasov Kristijan Nikodinovski Scott Pinkster Christine Moore Ivana Galapceva Carolina Santana

Contributors for this issue: Alexandre Fonseca Amanda bruno Anita kalmane bernardo filgueiras megale vieira guilherme da Silveira Ev júlia tessler katelyn kivel lukas valek marina jovanovska Marjan Angelovski All texts published in Libertas repneal parsons resent solely the opinions of their thomas a. v. bahia authors, not of the magazine or of its publishers. Libertas and creACTive are not responsible in any way for the contents of the articles, or for the photos published with them.

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about us: Youth Magazine Libertas was founded in September 2009 as a project of Youth Association creACTive. Youth Magazine Libertas aims to be a place where young people from all over the world can share their thoughts and views on topics that matter for them, in this way starting discussions and working as a means of change for the future. Every month, Libertas is published on the 5th, featuring articles about a different main topic and other kinds of articles such as movie, book and music reviews, travel destination, interview and brainstorm.

designed by Carolina Santana

Youth Association Creactive

Libertas 21  

The June 2011 issue of Libertas, this month bringing the opinion of the youth on different hot topics and trends from around the globe. In t...

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