NEWSPAPERMAN RECYCLED AGAIN SEE PAGES 4-5
PLEASE RECYCLE CREATIVELY For people who hate waste
Kyle MacDonald Gall Recycle Correspondent
Appropriation is a kind of recycling It’s an area of Art and Design that appeals to me. I started to think about recycling when studying Appropriation last term. Recycling images led me to consider aspects of recycling and this thought became my main idea for the Newspaper Club project. Some people see it as theft, others see it as creating a new cultural understanding. Now it’s referred to as remix or mash-up and is a form of literacy. Often the simpler the alteration to the original concept gives a greater strength to the idea. The measure of a successful hijack is that the altered image often lasts longer in the mind than the original, perhaps proving the old adage that less truly is more. As I hinted earlier in this column the question of authorship is a difficult one in Graphic Design as many designs are adaptations of earlier designs and are also the work of large design teams. In fact I feel that the blurring of the once distinct disiplines within many art schools has not helped pure Graphic Design. The art market seems to require the promotion of the myth of an artist as the single creative force. Darren Raven my tutor at LCC has been keen to point out that Graphic Design is a business and not an art form. I’m not sure I agree but no doubt he is correct. Remember to always Continued on Page 12
THE CHINA QUESTION
SEE PAGES 6-7
7 IT TAKES 7 DAYS
“It takes 7 days for a recycled newspaper to come back as a newspaper” All of the newsprint manufactured here in the UK is now made from 100% recycle paper
NEWSPAPERMAN IS RERECYCLED VIRGIN WOOD PULP
Recycling today is no longer a fad for the fashionable few. It is a major concern world-wide, involving Government bodies, large corporations and organizations. Waste paper can be disposed of in three ways. It can be buried, burnt or recycled. The increasing shortage of landfills make burying an unfeasible longterm solution. Incinerating the waste paper causes air pollution. The only viable alternative is to recycle the paper. With the worldwide focus on a green Earth and the introduction of the Singapore Governmentâ€™s Green Plan, interest in environmental issues and recycled paper has grown in the last two years. Recycled paper looks set to become a major part of our lives. Yet, much misunderstanding and confusion has arisen about recycled paper.
There is a lack of recycled paper standards in the industry. Paper cannot be recycled indefinitely as there is considerable fibre weakening and shortening at each stage of recycling. On average, paper made from virgin wood pulp can be recycled four to seven times. Thus, recycled paper has to be made up of a proportion of wood pulp. But there is the question of what percentage of waste paper should contain before it is considered to be recycled paper.
GUIDELINES This confusion has arisen from a lack of industrial standard for recycled paper. Different organizations have their own definitions and guidelines and these have in a way added to the confusion.
THE CHINA QUESTION
The practice of shipping recyclable’s to China is controversial. Especially in Britain, where politicians have voiced the concern that some of those exports may end up in landfills. Many experts disagree. According to Pieter van Beukering, an economist who has studied the trade of waste paper to India and waste plastics to China: “as soon as somebody is paying for the material, you bet it will be recycled.”
In fact, Dr van Beukering argues that by importing waste materials, recycling firms in developing countries are able to build larger factories and achieve economies of scale, recycling materials more efficiently and at lower environmental cost. He has witnessed as much in India, he says, where dozens of inefficient, polluting paper mills near Mumbai were transformed into a smaller number of far more productive and environmentally friendly factories within a few years.
Still, compared with Western countries, factories in developing nations may be less tightly regulated, and the recycling industry is no exception. China especially has been plagued by countless illegal-waste imports, many of which are processed by poor migrants in China’s coastal regions. They dismantle and recycle anything from plastic to electronic waste without any protection for themselves or the environment.
The Chinese government has banned such practices, but migrant workers have spawned a mobile cottage industry that is difficult to wipe out, says Aya Yoshida, a researcher at Japan’s National Institute for Environmental Studies who has studied Chinese waste imports and recycling practices. But it is clear that processing plastic and electronic waste in a crude manner releases toxic chemicals, harming people and the environment the opposite of what recycling is supposed to achieve.
LE T’S GO FLY A KITE UP TO THE HIGHEST HEIGH T
Please scrunch this page up to make a newspaper football