THEN Following the annexation of Austria and the Sudetenland, Germany in October 1938 urged the Danzig territory's cession to Germany. On September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Poland, initiating World War II. On September 2, 1939 Germany officially annexed the Free City. The Nazi regime murdered the Polish postmen defending the Polish Post Office: this was one of the first war crimes during the war. Other Polish soldiers defending the Westerplatte stronghold surrendered after seven days of fighting. The German commander re turned the sword to the Polish commander for putting up a brave fight. On Sep 7th NSDAP organised night parade on Adolf-Hitlerstrasse to celebrate success. It was bombed by a single Polish hydroplane operating from Hela peninsula piloted by Jozef Rudzki and ZdzisĹ‚aw Juszczakiewicz. 6 bombs weight 12.5 kg were dropped from very low height. In October 1939, Danzig, together with the rest of Polish Pomerania to the south and west, became the German Reichsgau of Danzig-West Prussia . Poles, Kashubians, leading members of the Jewish community and the political opposition were sent to concentration camps, especially neighbouring Stutthof where 85,000 victims perished. Kashubian and Polish intelligentsia were killed in the PiaĹ›nica mass murder site, which is estimated to have had 60,000 victims.
by Ing.arch.Jozef Králik