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Success stories from the implementation of Community-Driven Local Development Policy in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa


Driving through the glorious Shangla pass, it really is difficult to escape the magical spell of this beautiful terrain surrounded by imposing pine trees and astounding high mountains. The breezy summer was a major tourist magnet to evade the heat-trapping urban centers. Stretched across a land coverage of 1,586 square kilometers, the district is administratively demarcated into the tehsils of Alpuri and Puran. Recently, a surge in summer tourism activities and major infrastructure developments across the district have given a substantial boost to the local economy. While Shangla presents relics of ancient Greek and Hindu civilisations, the land and people strive to work hard for a promising future. The scenic town of Chakesar is located at the center of district Shangla, where the majority of its 95,000 inhabitants rely on agriculture for subsistence and income. It is located in a geographic zone which is recognised for harbouring precious stone deposits of emeralds and rubies. With a majority of Pashto-speaking Muslim community with a small population of Hindu families, Chakesar has also been home to Buddhists in the past. According to a widely believed legend, the name Chakesar evolved from the word “Char Hesar” that means “Four Fortresses”. In order to protect their properties and lands from invaders, the local inhabitants set up four fortresses around it and this was thus called Char Hesar which later evolved into Chakesar. But this story is not about the great battles fought over the land in the past. Rather, it gives an account of Jehan Didar, the headmaster of Government Centennial Model High School Chakesar, whose devotion and perseverance are enabling the children to access quality basic education.

In the modern age of information technology, learning to operate a computer system has become an essential requirement for students of all grades. Although the high school of Chakesar ensures all the elements of a good academic institution, such as qualified teachers, dedicated management, and learning facilities, we did not have a computer laboratory to enable our children learn the basics of using a computer, which would help them a great deal later in pursuing their academic and career goals. Our Parent Teacher Council (PTC) has done a great deal to improve the school’s infrastructure and it was about time we did something to establish a computer laboratory with all the required facilities. Jehan Didar, Headmaster Government Centennial Model High School Chakesar, Shangla

Stats and Facts of CDLD Minimum project funding is Rupees 0.5 million and maximum is Rupees 2.5 million Community project are completed within a timeframe of 18 months or earlier For women specific projects, 15% of the total district allocations are exclusively reserved Minimum of 10% of the total project cost is borne by the community in cash or kind After the completion of the project, operation and maintenance is the CBO’s responsibility

The Government Centennial Model High School Chakesar was established in 1950 as a primary school. A coeducational institute with almost 700 students in different grades, having 10 classrooms and 27 teachers, the school has made a major contribution in ensuring nearly 100% literacy rate in the area. Students are enrolled here not only from neighboring localities, but they also come from distant places like Besham and Karora. Formed in 2007, the PTC Chakesar has already worked on improving the school’s infrastructure and facilities with their funds. In 2012, the PTC Chakesar authorised the construction of two classrooms at a cost of Rupees 642,000, and later on, three more classrooms were added at a cost of Rupees 1.4 million. Boundary walls have also been constructed with the funds provided to the PTC. However, the school did not have a dedicated computer laboratory, as it was in a makeshift arrangement by occupying the 8th grade classroom. The students were shifted to the examination hall which became their temporary classroom, lacking the required academic facilities.

Under the Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa initiative to establish IT labs in public schools, a sum of Rupees 1.3 million was allocated for Government Centennial Model High School Chakesar. 16 computers with tables and chairs along with video screen and backup power have been purchased with these funds to establish a model computer laboratory. When the advertisement for project applications under CDLD was announced, Jehan Didar and his fellow PTC members instantly knew what had to be done. They formed a Community Based Organisation (CBO) utilising the existing platform of PTC, by increasing the members from 8 to 21 so that the community is properly covered and well represented. For the next few days, Jehan Didar and the CBO members worked in consultation with the community members to fill out the first application for the construction of a computer laboratory in the school at a cost of almost Rupees 1.4 million.

The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa launched the CDLD Policy to improve the quality and delivery of basic services by involving ordinary citizens in prioritising and implementing their development needs. The CDLD Policy is being piloted for implementation in the six districts of Malakand Division, including Shangla District. Offices of the Deputy Commissioners are overseeing and coordinating the implementation of community level infrastructure projects (ranging from Rs. 0.5 million and Rs. 2.5 million, over a maximum period of 18 months) in partnership with the CBOs which are formed, supervised, and managed by the community members themselves.

Jehan Didar is utilising all his time and energy to promote basic education in Chakesar






FIRST (March 2015)




PKR 109.3 million

SECOND (April 2015)




PKR 96.7 million

THIRD (July 2015)




PKR 74.6 million

FOURTH (October 2015)




PKR 47.12 million

FIFTH (January 2016)




PKR 51.8 million

of Applications


applications received

sent to SRSP

approved by DDC

of projects approved

WOMEN ROUND (January 2016)




Already listed above

SIXTH (February 2016)




PKR 36.32 million

SEVENTH (May 2016)



in process

not yet awarded

The computer laboratory is being constructed using quality material and engineering standards in line with the Pakistan Building Code. The walls have been fortified with beams and pillars, and the roof has been strengthened with reinforced concrete slabs instead of galvanised iron sheets. The construction process started in June 2016, and will be completed in a time span of 6 months, which makes it a quick impact project. The computer laboratory will be spacious enough to be used by 40 students at one time and will be equipped with state-of-the-art IT equipment. The laboratory will also be furnished adequately with floor tiles, window blinds, computer tables, digital printers, backup power, lab chairs and internet connectivity with the financial resources provided by the Provincial Government under its education reforms initiative in the province..

The state-of-the-art computer lab will be equipped with all IT learning facilities

“My aspiration is to equip our school with all the modern IT education facilities which can groom the children of Chakesar to capitalise on science and technology opportunities in the future. The government has done a lot in terms of providing finances and resources for quality education. However, as a community, we also had to come forward and play our part for our future. The most important facet of the project is that the community has remained directly involved in the planning, implementation and monitoring of the project after the need identification came from them. Also, 10% of the total project cost has come from the community, ensuring their ownership, and making the project sustainable. CDLD has shown us the way to a digital future. It is now up to us to make our move�, says Jehan Didar with a big hopeful smile.

How does CDLD help? Through its technical assistance teams, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa CDLD Programme is supporting the district authorities in Swat on a range of topics to ensure that the communities have the required skills and capacities to carry out their development projects. Also, the social mobilisation component of CDLD (managed by Sarhad Rural Support Programme) is working with CBOs at all stages to ensure that the projects are designed, developed and delivered according to the given specifications, timelines and outputs. CDLD Policy Implementation Unit Local Government, Elections and Rural Development Department Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Telephone: 091 9210528


Fax: 091 9210323






On the Move to the Future