Work in process!
Ecology of mind:
How pa2erns “live” in cogni9ve ecosystem Kai Pata Emanuele Bardone
Cogni9ve ecosystem • Mind is a property of • However, it has not cogni9ve ecosystems been sorted out how (Hutchins,…). cogni9ve ecosystem works as an ecosystem. • The unit of analysis for • Our inten9on is to mind must be the cultural/cogni0ve explain cogni0ve ecosystem (Deacon, ecosystem as an 1997; Jablonka & Lamb, abstract cogni0ve 2005). space – an aﬀordance space.
Pa2erns and aﬀordances • A pa2ern is a solu0on to problems in a ﬁeld of interest. • The pa2erns tend to focus on the interac0ons between the physical form of the built environment, and the way in which that inhibits or facilitates various sorts of personal and social behavior within it (Alexander et al., 1976). • Therefore, it may be assumed that pa2erns incorporate the aﬀordances associated with the eﬀec0ve problem solu0on.
Pa2erns in cogni9ve ecosystem • Culture propagates itself with pa?erns and pa?ern systems (languages). • The pa?erns are loosely connected across scales: any given pa2ern typically points to smaller scale pa2erns which can support it, and larger scale pa2erns in which it may par9cipate (Alexander et al., 1976).
“Marking” pa2ern family • “Marking” is a family of pa2erns of sense-‐making, place-‐making, communica9ng and learning pa2ern species. concentra9on dissipa9on
ﬁnding evalua9ng sharing
searching owning remembering
Original pa2ern “bookmark” • Pa2ern solu9on: mark to ﬁnd the right page in Marker aﬀords to “ﬁnd the page” the book
x y z
Damaging x=1 Non-‐damaging x=0 Non-‐damaging x=0 Non-‐removable y=0 Removable y=1 Removable y=1 Associated z=1 Associated z=1 Not associated z=0
Non-‐damaging x=0 Removable y=1 Associated z=1
Aﬀordance “ﬁnding the page” for each example is a posi9on in n-‐dimensional room, but all the aﬀordance instances deﬁne the niche for “ﬁnd the page” pa2ern, In this niche diﬀerent readers can iden9fy this pa2ern. Hidden constraint (what is not aﬀorded) for these pa2ern instances: cannot keep the line Con9nued
Extended pa2ern from “bookmark” • Pa2ern solu9on: keep the line in the book text Associated (tangled) aﬀordances: Marker aﬀords to “ﬁnd the page” and “keep the line”
Keeping the line with ﬁnger x y z
Keeping the line with bookmarker
Non-‐damaging x=0 Removable y=1
Non-‐damaging x=0 Removable y=1
Non-‐damaging x=0 Removable y=1
Not associated z=0
Not Associated z=0
For associated aﬀordances, each aﬀordance occupies a dis9nct posi9on. If the posi9ons of two associated aﬀordances are same, this enables to redirect ﬁnding one or another aﬀordance. Con9nued
New pa2ern “social bookmark” • Pa2ern solu9on: marker aﬀords “storing bookmarks to ﬁnd many Pa2ern “ library” Pa2ern “ social bookmark” sources”
Aﬀordance occupies a diﬀerent niche that is not associated with any dimensions to the niche for original “bookmark” pa2ern. m n k l
Not shared m=0
Not distributed n=0 Not distributed n=0 Not self-‐organized k=0 Not explora9ve l=0
Shared m=1 Distributed n=1 Self-‐organized k=1 Explora9ve l=1
New dimension opens another aﬀordance – discovering new sources
Pa2erns as niches in aﬀordance space x Original “bookmark”
Extended “bookmark” New “social bookmark”
“library catalogue” Enlarged niche for “bookmark”
Associa9ng two dis9nct niches to extend the original niche requires no9cing and incorpora9ng an extra dimension to the pa2ern. This extra dimension may be associated with one of the pa2ern (aﬀordance) dimensions (e.g. self-‐organized with explora9ve).
Pa2ern niche is internally-‐externally distributed Every ac9on is cogni9vely aﬀorded internally and externally (Zhang & Patel, 2006) -‐ so full aﬀordance (set of aﬀordances) that pa2ern is is composed of both dimensions
Pa2erns are symbionts • Pa2erns in this case are symbionts (like lichens), that exist as a distributed composi9on of culture-‐ propagated dimensions and mind-‐ propagated dimensions of individuals that come to life in the moment of ac9on. So every pa2ern has culture determined variability (slow feedback loop, is possible to see to what direc9on culture is moving) and person-‐determined variability (quick feedback loop, unpredictable and bound to personal experiences) • Aﬀordance emerges when pa2ern-‐symbiont needs to ac9vate itself.
Pa2erns are embodied Pa?erns are embodied as concrete prototypes, rather than abstract principles (Alexander et al., 1976). Embodiment of pa2ern prototypes has person-‐ dependent and culture-‐dependent component and variability.
Biological ecosystem components A species contains a variety self-‐ Ecosystem consists of directed specimen with certain communi9es and abio9c variety of phenotypes and factors. genotypes and behaviors who Communi0es associate interact with the habitat that the networked species. community creates. Communi0es and abio9c The habitat factors that inﬂuence factors compose habitats for the ﬁtness of the species may be conceptualized as a niche. species. Fitness of specimen to the niche Communi9es transform the energy and ma?er keeping it determines, what phenotypes, genotypes and behaviours form in the ﬂowing state and the current form of a species. rebuild/change the habitat keeping it evolving. NB. I must check if all is correct here
Cogni9ve ecosystem Pa?erns are species that exist in the socio-‐ technological habitat of culture. Pa?erns form networks – pa2ern systems – that have structural appearance (e.g. designs, architectural pa2erns) and process appearance (ac9va9on of some pa2erns may increase the likelihood of the ac9va9on of the associated pa2erns) . Pa2ern systems may be conceptualized as pa?ern communi0es. Pa?ern communi0es exist in the socio-‐technological habitat of the culture.
Cogni9ve ecosystem • Pa2ern is a distributed niche in aﬀordance space of the culture that repeats itself in this culture's niche, and of what the individuals are aware of or can perceive easily.
Distributed aﬀordance space
Actualized aﬀordances of Dimensions of culture 1 the pa2ern Pa2ern instance niche Culturally bound mind Pa2ern with pa2ern instances
Dimensions of culture 2
Cogni9ve ecosystem Pa2erns have a variety of pa?ern • instances (fenotype, dimensions, behaviour diﬀer). Pa2ern-‐instances become ac9vated when coupled with individual • minds in the cultural habitat. Currently ac9vated pa2erns in cultural habitat Pa2ern Pa2ern 1 niche
Cogni9ve niche of the culture
The habitat factors that inﬂuence the ﬁtness of the pa2ern may be conceptualized as a niche. The ﬁtness of each pa2ern instance in the niche of the currently ac9vated pa2ern system community and pa2ern niche (personal mind determined variability) determines the pa2ern-‐instances that can survive and propagate themselves in the pa2ern species among the other pa2erns of the pa2ern community (culture determined variability).
Cogni9ve ecosystem A pa2ern-‐species consists of instances
Dimensions of the cultural niche are in dynamic change, evolving due to embodied cogni9on – Personal space dimensions are integrated to the pa2erns or omi2ed from them, extending or narrowing pa2ern niches.
Crea9ve space Pa2ern instance
Three spaces in cogni9ve ecosystem • 1) Personal or tacit space. This space is not available to others and it cannot be en9rely shared. • 2) Shared/joint/public space/cultural space. This space grapples cultural pa2erns as shared pa2erns in a given niche. • 3) Crea0ve space. In this space a person revives pre-‐exis9ng cultural pa2erns.
Cogni9ve ecosystem • Ac9vity in the nervous system is linked to high-‐level cogni9ve processes by way of embodied interac0on with culturally organized material and social worlds (Hutchins, 2008). • Embodied cogni0on is ac9va9on of pa2erns from culture in the externally-‐internally distributed mul9-‐ dimensional dynamic aﬀordance space to carry out ac9ons. • Cogni9ve ecosystem as an aﬀordance space appears from many socio-‐technologically-‐culturally situated humans’ ac9ons.
Pa2erns in cogni9ve ecosystem Culture’s habitat Pa2ern phenotype variability Wild instances Designed “domes9cated” instances
Pa2ern behaviour Pa2ern instance ac9va9ons – “living instances” (actualizing some aﬀordances ) reveal the ﬁtness of these instances in culture’s habitat.
Culture’s niche in aﬀordance space Pa2ern species genotypical variability Pa2ern instance Pa2ern instance niche dimensions carry genotype varia9ons of this pa2ern species. Pa2ern prototype is a species that exists in aﬀordance space (culture’s niche) as a dynamic sum of all pa2ern instance niches. The ﬁtness landscape in aﬀordance space indicates more ﬁt (more abundant) “living” pa2ern instance types of this pa2ern species in current 9me.
An attempt to explain the concept of ecology of mind