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Planning disaster area:

Building a disaster resilient community


“In present days, it is hard to call disaster natural anymore. Climate change, ecological degradation, poverty, poorly designed infrastructure, war-frequently, all of these combine to make what once were serious disaster into catastrophes.� ( Alex Steffan et al, 2010 )


sustainable development ?


how about disaster ?


In past 10 years; Indonesia, Japan, China, and New Zealand top a new ranking of countries at “extreme risk� of experiencing earthquake >7,0 magnitude.


Indonesia experienced 52 earthquakes >7.0 magnitude since year 2001 6 Dec 2004 - more than 230 million people are dead and more than 45 million people missing in Northern Sumatera 27 May 2006 - 5,782 deaths, 36,299 people were injured, and an estimated 1.5 million left homeless in Central Java


MITIGATION & RISK REDUCTION RECOVERY

PREVENTION

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

PREPAREDNESS

Save and rescue Emergency shelter provision Food and clean water supply Medical assistance Subsidies on recovery housing Enterprises rehabilitation

DISASTER

MITIGATION & RISK REDUCTION RECOVERY

PREVENTION

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

PREPAREDNESS

DISASTER

Planning control dispensation Training and education Economic assistance (grants and preferential loans) Subsidies on safety equipment, safer building materials Provision of facilities: safer buildings, refugee points, storage Public information dissemination and awareness raising Promotion of voluntary insurance Creation of community organization


FLOOD

DEATHS NO CLEAN WATER

INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT PANIC

FIRE HAZARD

NO VEHICLE ACCESS

ECONOMIC DEPRESSION

NO TELEPHONE

INFRASTRUCTURE DAMAGE

TRANSPORTATION ACCIDENT

EARTHQUAKE STRUCTURE COLLAPSE CONFUSE

NO MONEY

ECONOMIC DAMAGE

NO INTERNET

NO ELECTRICITY

LANDSLIDE

NO FOOD

NO COMMUNICATION NETWORK

INJURY


can my home industry recover? how much will the material cost our family? how to build an earthquake resistant house? can we live like usual? where will my cattle stay? when can we come back to our house? how long are we going to stay in the shelter? how do we continue our live after this? what happen to my home industry craft? what happen to my cattle? what should we do to house's remains? can we live like before? who will feed us? where am I going to stay?

victim’s perspective..

MITIGATION & RISK REDUCTION

RECOVERY

PREVENTION

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

PREPAREDNESS

DISASTER

panic - confuse - shock will it come again? how do we survive without home? where are my familiy members? am I going to die? survive! stay alive!

nail everything to the wall I definitely know nothing! maybe the government is working on it! I know something from the radio WHAT HAPPEN IF EARTHQUAKE HIT AGAIN? -RUN AND WAIT FOR HELP TO COME SAVE US


“There could not be a more brutal wake-up call, but the chance of building an improved city, constructed upon the ruins of one that was not built to withstand past-disaster, and also (perhaps) not constructed to enhance the daily lives of its own residents.� The Independent, 2010


building disaster resilient community


re.sil.ient [ri-zil-yuhnt] (adj.) springing back; rebounding. returning to the original form or position after being bent, compressed, or stretched. recovering readily from illness, depression, adversity, or the like; buoyant.


activate top down and bottom up strategy


Save and rescue Emergency shelter provision Food and clean water supply Medical assistance Subsidies on recovery housing Enterprises rehabilitation Planning control dispensation Training and education Economic assistance (grants and preferential loans) Subsidies on safety equipment, safer building materials Privision of facilities: safer buildings, refugee points, storage Public information dissemination and awareness raising Promotion of voluntary insurance Creation of community organisation

disaster culture

+

sustainable everyday

=

disaster resilient community

THINK BEFORE DOING PROMOTE VARIETY USE WHAT ALREADY EXIST GIVE SPACE TO NATURE RE-NATURALIZE FOOD BRING PEOPLE AND THINGS TOGETHER SHARE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT EMPOWER PEOPLE DEVELOP NETWORKS USE THE SUN, WIND AND BIOMASS PRODUCE ZERO WASTE


problem 1.

most of death on disaster caused by building collapse minimize live-loss in disaster occurance

FAST EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND FAST ACCESS TO SAFETY save and rescue emergency shelter provision planning control dispensation


problem 2.

most of disaster victims don’t want to leave their land after disaster / want to go back to their land as soon as possible

on site reconstruction process for each family or individual (no relocation to emergency shelter)

PRIVATE SHELTER LOCATED INSIDE THEIR OWN LAND LOT save and rescue emergency shelter provision planning control dispensation


problem 3.

uneven help and aid distribution from government to the victims provision on subdistrict refugee points

PROVIDING A PUBLIC (SHARED) FACILITY TO ACCOMODATE PUBLIC NEEDS Food and clean water supply Medical assistance Enterprises rehabilitation Training and education Economic assistance Subsidies on safety equipment, safer building materials refugee points, storage Public information dissemination and awareness raising Promotion of voluntary insurance Creation of community organisation


problem 4.

minimum awareness and training to community in order to survive disaster active mitigation strategy. community based mitigation

BUILDING A DISASTER CULTURE Public information dissemination Creation of community organisation


fast access to safety fast emergency response

disaster culture

household shelter

refugee point

extended home basic need

disaster resilient community

memorial point

disaster information centre life supporting facility provider

+ community shared facilities

object clinic & wardrobe service workshop

sustainable everyday

village community centre

shared office

aid centre

food & water supply

health care service

shared facilities

disaster memory and awareness

reuse-reducerecycle

knowledge and tool share

library education fresh market 30 % fund for disaster recovery is for building HSS in every single family house 70 % is for building VCC in every subdistrict.

gallery & craft market kitchen club

tourism attraction

community interaction


TOP DOWN STRATEGY

BOTTOM UP STRATEGY


HHS

HOUSEHOLD SHELTER


HEAT

RAIN

SOUND

COLD

ANIMALS

WIND Basic human needs of shelter

Basic shelter mass

Basic traditional/vernacular structure


cattle

storage

kitchen

living room

disaster event

relief

kitchen

bedroom

bedroom

dining room

living room

recovery


PRIVATE SHELTER FOR SINGLE FAMILY

LIVE CLOSE TO NORMALCY INDEPENDENT RECONSTRUCTION OF SETTLEMENT


INTEGRATED EMERGENCY WARNING SYSTEM ADJACENT TO EVERYDAY HOME ACTIVITIES

MULTIFUNCTION ROOM


HOUSEHOLD SHELTER SAFETY CARD PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE IN ANY CIRCUMSTANCES OUTSIDE 10 seconds

max. 10 meters

HHS 10 seconds 10 seconds

1 2 3 4 5 6

identify potential hazards in your home and began to secure the contents of our buildings to reduce the risk to our lives prepare disaster supplies kit in your household shelter.

VCC

follow the emergency instruction in the community disaster preparedness plan. protect yourself during earthquake shaking. run to open space area or your household shelter. check for injuries and damages after earthquake.

report to your nearest VCC and get assistance.

you are here


Situation before disaster

Situation after disaster, in worst case scenario

Situation after recovery


VCC

VILLAGE COMMUNITY CENTRE


HHS

HHS

HHS

HHS

HHS

HHS

community meeting point

laundry

food trading

industry trading point

information centre

library

entertainment centre

shower

network

recycle centre & waste management

communication centre

aid & medical assistance


school

government media

NGOs

hospital

community & inhabitants

SAR


CRAFT INDUSTRY WORKSHOP

agriculture 25.56% FRESH MARKET

trading 21.16%

craft industry 18.95% services 16.89%

construction

KITCHEN CLUB

8.88%

communication & transportation

4.64%

others

3.93%

FRESH FOOD

LIBRARY & OFFICE

CRAFT TRADING/ GALLERY

EDUCATION WORKSHOP

MEMORIAL ELEMENTS

VCC WILL CREATE VALUE FOR COMMUNITY AND LANDSCAPE WITHIN THE AREA.


FRESH FOOD MARKET

KITCHEN CLUB

post-disaster event everyday activities

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

experimenting new recipe food by doing it together food comes from cultivation by farmers or community one stop cooking and trading for community and tourism cooking tools and space sharing activities encourage co-operation developing communication and information waste management procedure


CREATIVE WORKSHOP

MULTIPURPOSE ROOM

post-disaster event everyday activities

1 2 3 4 5 6

experimentation with craft by knowledge sharing one stop trading and workshop equipment sharing strengthening personal capacity meeting and interaction with people and tourist recycle - extending product life


MULTIPURPOSE ROOM FOR EVERYDAY ACTIVITIES

MULTIPURPOSE ROOM IN EMERGENCY SITUATION


LIFE SUPPORTING FACILITY FOR COMMUNITY A MEMORY TO KEEP

WORK TOGETHER WITH OTHER PEOPLE


emergency warning information

i

recovery fund healthcare assistance & aid

HHS

i

emergency electricity supply emergency water supply

HHS

HHS

HHS


1

3 15 MIN

2

25 MIN

4

15 MIN

15 MIN

15 MIN


Design activities that leads to sustainability is not one-sided, unitary project based on a single way of seing things. Instead, it is a complex social learning process, a vast intertwining of initiatives in which we proceed to partial success, errors, unforseen effects, learning by experience. ( Ezio Manzini, 2003 )

Planning disaster area: Building a disaster resilient community  

One of the interventions that have a huge impact to the society is natural disaster. When a lot of system think about getting a better relat...

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