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HERE DESIGN ANDREW COCKE PRINCIPAL 201 I STREET NE WASHINGTON DC 20002 703.655.0156


NEW TA IP EI CIT Y MUS EUM O F A R T S Just as New Taipei City is a link between the urban landscape of Taipei and the rugged, mountainous countryside, our design for the for the New Taipei City Museum of Contemporary Art is a bridge between the historic Yingge and the natural landscape along the Yingge River. The design is inspired by the deposits of sandstone that fill the riverbed and lay exposed much of the year. We believe that the experience of art is like crossing a river, stepping from stone to stone, sometimes across a great expanse, a leap of the imagination, until we find ourselves on the far shore, transcendent.


Top: View from Yingge train station Above: Site elevation


B2

Wind-driven passive cooling system

B B1

1F

2F

3F


Top: Aerial perspective Above: Site elevation


Top: Habitat Restoration Above: On-site Stormwater Management

Water-driven passive cooling system

Top: Landscape Planting Concept Above: Site Circulation


AURO R A M U S E U M P L A Z A & C A N O P Y With the addition of a new museum by architect Tadao Ando, the need for public space that matched the modernity of the museum addition and of urban Shanghai was paramount. The new public plaza is a visual bridge between the classical style of the existing Aurora building and the new museum, and utilizes a clean and modern palette of materials that reflects the aesthetic of the new museum, while responding to the existing building’s architecture and color scheme. The canopy structure is an ephemeral expression that transcends the idea of a traditional canopy, elevating it to public art. The canopy effortlessly cantilevers out from the existing building as an all glass structure– a major work of public art, yet ‘invisible’ to allow the museum to take center stage. The project was completed in 2012, but typical of China, bears only little resemblance to our design intent.


Entry canopy at Aurora Plaza & Museum


Entry canopy study models. Clockwise from top left: Voronoi study with random column locations, planar quad panel study, side elevation, gaussian curvature study for optimizing planar quad panels, steel superstructure.


Entry canopy, rear entrance

Cafe garden (above) Generative Wall


Bridge deck and boardwalk

CH UNG L I BRID GE Together with Taiwanese engineer, Skye Design proposed this radical cantilevering pedestrian bridge. The form is inspired by the unusual root structure of a native lily pad that grows only in northern Taiwan and is native to the this pond. Designed using parametric techniques we created dozens of variations to study ways to frame views from the lily preserve to an existing amphitheater across the pond all while optimizing for structural feasibility and price. This project represents our best effort to date to use Grasshopper as a programmable parametric tool to solve fundamental architectural problems, allowing us the freedom to design without losing sight of the practical constraints on the project.


Lower Deck (above) View from lily preserve through bridge opening toward amphitheater

Parametric piling locations


Parking garage entry

V IRG INIA MUS EUM OF FIN E A R T S EXPA NS I O N with RMA+SMBW

The expansion of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts is the joint work of Rick Mather and Associates of London and the Richmond firm, SMBW architects. The building was designed with a forty foot tall frameless insulated glass window at one end of the atrium, and laminated glass beams supporting the atrium room all designed by glass engineers Dewhurst & Macfarlane. When DMP was unable to complete the design, SMBW designed a frameless glazing system with an interior stainless steel structural fin. I was responsible for the detailing of this glass wall system.


Outdoor cafe

Street entry (above) Entry courtyard (below)


Structural glass wall

Fire-rated glass enclosed bridges

Floating atrium roof


Permanent collection gallery

Cafe


South addition Louver Detail (right)

CAMPBELL HALL ADDITION with William Sherman & SMBW architects

The University of Virginia School of Architecture’s expansion comes at the end of a protracted search for a world class architect who could survive scrutiny of the University’s conservative Board of Visitors. With the threat of deaccreditation, the school chose two professors to design two additions, and SMBW was hired to complete CDs and CA. The south wall features an active louver system and light shelves that throw light deep into the inner offices.


Photos by William Sherman


Ra pp ah an no ck Ri ve r

Southeast facade

BUTCHE R RES ID EN CE This project for a weekend house on a bluff above the Rappahannock river in the foothills of the Blue Ridge was designed to meet LEED Platinum ratings. Because the clients wanted the house to be camouflaged in the dense forest, we chose to use untreated wood for the siding and louvers. After exploring numerous types of wood, we discovered a “heat-treating� process that allows any wood to weather without sealant or preservative for up to 30 years. The overhang on the south side is designed to provide full shading in the summertime while optimizing wintertime passive solar heating, including a loop in the hydronic heating system to cycle that heat throughout the house. The house is also designed to take advantage of natural ventilation: as air rises from the cool river below it is scooped beneath the large deck and channeled into the interior and then exhausted through clerestory windows on the north side.


Site section

Second floor plan

Ground floor plan


Master Bedroom

Living Room


Dining Room

Kitchen


E N TRO P Y HOUS E Located in a 19th century textile mill complex, this former steam plant was to be converted into a single family residence. Taking advantage of historic tax credits, the project had to respect the scale and character of the surrounding historic neighborhood, without confusing the existing historic structure with new construction. The existing concrete and brick exterior remains completely intact while the private spaces are wrapped inside a cloud of perforated aluminum. As this cylinder of steam rises up and twists through the existing opening in the roof, it modulates the light entering the space through a narrow slot between the metal skin and the concrete roof. The bright surface of the aluminum skin makes a glare screen for the darker, private spaces inside. And reflections from the outer surface keep the public spaces evenly lit and reduce the potential glare from the large, north facing windows.


Construction sequence

Toolpaths for plywood ribs


open living room


Top: Above mezzanine Left: Below mezzanine


BAY SIDE T RAIL, POR TLAN D M A I NE: S EAT I NG S C UL P T UR E Our winning entry for this public art competition for a series of benches along the Bayside Trail in Portland, Maine’s burgeoning arts district. The two-mile long Bayside Trail follows the converted railroad bed serving the city’s former industrial neighborhood. Our design, inspired by the undulating ridge line separating the bay and harbor sides of the city, relies on extensive digital and parametric design and fabrication techniques to marshal the complexity of thousands of unique parts. We have developed a parametric system by which we quickly generate an infinite variety of bench shapes to respond the contingencies of any site or program. Working with fabrication partners, Centraal Steel in the Netherlands and CW Keller in New Hampshire we are in the final stages of design development and expect to start fabrication and installation in the summer of 2013.

Site A


2" x 1" CNC CARVED OAK SLATS (OF VARRYING LENGTHS) NOTCHED AND SCREWED TO TUBE (UNIQUE SLATS CODED FOR EASY REPLACEMENT) 1 1/2" HOT DIPPED GALVANIZED BENT STEEL TUBE 3/8" x 2" GALVANIZED STEEL STANCHION NOTCHED AND WELDED TO RECIEVE STEEL TUBE 4' DEEP, GALVANIZED STEEL GROUND SCREW FOUNDATIONS. CORE DRILL EXISTING PAVING FOR R MINIMAL EXCAVATION OF EXISTING SOILS

Site B

Feature dimensions


FA B R I C AT I O N S

Top: Table for socialism, Interim Office of Architecture, in the collection of SFMOMA Above: Cast glass and stainless steel wall, Lundberg Design with John Lewis

Top: Leather lounge, Lundberg Design Above: Table for socialism, Interim Office of Architecture, in the collection of SFMOM

Top: Torch cut steel table, Lundberg Design Above: TV Tree, Torch cut steel beam and plate, Lundberg Design


EOS Wine Bar with Interim Office of Architecture


DEVELOPMENTCOSTS

Block Divisions

Building/ProgramSummary TotalRentableSquareFootage TotalGrossSquareFootage TotalCommonSquareFootage TotalLotArea

10% 10 100%

BuildingLoss(Usable/Rentable) MaximumFAR MaximumLotCoverage TotalLandValue

BuildingPermit&OccupancyFees RezoningRequests SitePlanApprovals&Admendment SitePlanApprovals&Admendment UsePermits

Measurable TotalArea TotalArea TotalArea TotalArea

Rate 1,345,817.00 1,370,302.00 24,485.00 163,079.00

VariancesorUsePermits AdminͲreviewPermits&Requests

TotalArea PerSqaureFootofTotalGrossArea BuildableSiteArea

ZoningComplianceLetters

$28,035,200.00

HardCosts

$28,035,200.00

Rate

Measurable

$180.00 $40,000.00 $125.00 $0.60

ConstructionHardCosts(BaseBuilding) TotalBelowGradeParking(perspace) ConstructionHardCostsforTenantFitͲup(allowance) SiteDevelopmentHardCosts(demo) GrossHardConstructionCost

Units

CostPerSquareFoot

PerSquareFootofTotalGrossArea PerSpace $2,091.35 perSFrentablecommercialspace perSFofsitearea

TotalCosts $246,654,360.00 $83,654,048.31 $80,654,100.00 $97,847.40 $ 411,060,355.71

7.00% 8.00% 5%

HardConstructionCosts(BB) 12 perCubicFootofStructure

$17,265,805.20 $2,242,816.00 $68,515.10

7% 14% $100,000.00  $93,628.24

ofHardConstructionCost ofHardConstructionCost total plus$17perunit

$28,774,224.90 $57,548,449.80 $ 100,000.00 $93,628.24

$190,932.50  0.25% $0.10 0.3% $0.40

12Months ofHardConstructionCost+$? perRentableSquareFoot ofHardConstructionCosts perSquareFoorofNewConstruction

$ 190,932.50 $1,027,406.27 $6,109.26 $1,027,650.89 $96,935.20 $ 88,865,337.06

3% 5%

permanentloanamount HardandSoftCosts HardandSoftCosts

PremiumCostfor"Green"Construction LandCarry ApprovalFees/Misc.PermitFees

AdditionalBuildingPermits

Section Basefee "CͲ0"Districts $14,252.00 $9,506.00 FinalSitePlans FinalFaçadePlanReview $548.00 UsePermitsIncludingNew $8,303.00 ConstructionofaBuilding $3,350.00 Variances LandscapePlan $585.00 PermitforSigns $107.00 $107.00 PermitforTempSigns LettertoDMV $528.00 VarificationofCompliance $329.00 SpecialAgreementLetters $2,186.00 BuildabilityLetter $329.00 $329.00 DeterminationLetter SinkLetter $29.00 ZoningOrdinance $10.00 ByͲRightDevelopment $220.00 AllSitePlanProjects $548.00 NewParkingStructuresand $220.00 Footing&Foundation&Exca $56.00 DemolitionsPlansͲByͲRight $111.00 DemolitionsPlansͲSitePlan $1,093.00 SwimmingPools $56.00 DecksandFences $56.00

Addfees $37

$1.25 $1.25

Notes

AddFees

Notes

$111.00

perresidentialunit

$56

PerCommercialUnit

for1stSubsection

Notes

$670.00

Addfees

AdditionalSubsection

persfover100sq persfover100sq

$125.00 $125.00

foradditional100sf(x5) foradditional100sf(x2)

per100sfofcommercial

$111.00 $220.00 $111.00

per10,000grosssf per5,000grosssf per5,000grosssf

$2,186.00 $17.00 MasterCertificate(A) ShellandCore(+150,00sfgr $2,733.00 (AͲ3)over2,000sfgrossarea $548.00 (b)apartments&Hotels $439.00 $22.00 ParkingStructure $548.00 $56.00 SwimmingPools(FlatFee) $220.00 ParkingLots(FlatFee) $220.00

per10,000grosssf perunit per5,000sf

DES Fees $ 2,186.00 $ 4,371.00

$302.00

Automation Fees 10% 10% 10% 10%

Notes TotalFees ExcludingDESFees ExcludingDESFees ExcludingDESFees

Total $18,081.80 $44,092.36 $602.80 $ 9,133.30

10% 10%

TotalFees TotalFees

10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10%

TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees

$ 4,754.20 $643.50 $732.00 $357.00 $580.80 $361.90 $ 2,404.60 $361.90 $361.90 $31.90 $11.00 $15,430.35 $60,841.29 $30,640.70 $61.60 $122.10 $ 1,202.30 $61.60 $61.60 $ 190,932.50

10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10%

TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees TotalFees

TotalPermitFees $ 430,637,492.01

TotalHardCosts

CertificateofOccupancy SoftCosts Architecture&Engineering ContractorFees* Legal(Estimate) UseandOccupancyCertificate LEEDCertification BuildingPermit Appraisal&Title Marketing TaxesduringConstruction InsuranceduringConstruction TotalSoftCosts LoanOriginationCosts DeveloperOverhead Contingency

CertificateofPartialOccupancy OtherCertificatesofOccupancy

AbsorptionRate UnitDemand

$26,138.80 $ 3,006.30 $38,547.14 $24,904.00 $548.00 $242.00 $242.00 $93,628.24

Total#ofUnits

Scale

TotalProjectUnits AvailableUnits LessVacancy

$14,997,770.78 $24,996,284.64

Buildingunits CommunityScale CommunityScale

LeaseͲUpPeriod TotalDevelopmentCosts,ExcludingInterestandOperating ReserveforLeaseͲUp

perunit

TotalPermit&CertificateFees

Months

8

$587,532,084.49 ConstructionLoanInterest

EstimateConstructionInterest PermanentLoan ConstructionInterest ConstructionPeriod

$214,717,167.17 7.0% 28

AverageDraw

months

40.28%

1 $7,668,470 $7,668,470 $44,733

2 $7,668,470 $15,336,941 $89,465

3 $7,668,470 $23,005,411 $134,198

4 $7,668,470 $30,673,881 $178,931

5 $7,668,470 $38,342,351 $223,664

6 $7,668,470 $46,010,822 $268,396

7 $7,668,470 $53,679,292 $313,129

8 $7,668,470 $61,347,762 $357,862

9 $7,668,470 $69,016,232 $402,595

10 $7,668,470 $76,684,703 $447,327

month drawamount totalloandraw loaninterest

13 $7,668,470 $99,690,113 $581,526

14 $7,668,470 $107,358,584 $626,258

15 $7,668,470 $115,027,054 $670,991

16 $7,668,470 $122,695,524 $715,724

17 $7,668,470 $130,363,994 $760,457

18 $7,668,470 $138,032,465 $805,189

19 $7,668,470 $145,700,935 $849,922

20 $7,668,470 $153,369,405 $894,655

21 $7,668,470 $161,037,875 $939,388

22 23 24 $7,668,470 $7,668,470 $7,668,470 $168,706,346 $176,374,816 ########## $984,120 $1,028,853 $1,073,586

11 12 $7,668,470 $7,668,470 $84,353,173 $92,021,643 $492,060 $536,793

month drawamount totalloandraw loaninterest

25 $7,668,470 $191,711,756 $1,118,319

26 $7,668,470 $199,380,227 $1,163,051

27 $7,668,470 $207,048,697 $1,207,784

28 $7,668,470 $214,717,167 $1,252,517

29 $7,668,470 $0 $0

30 $7,668,470 $0 $0

31 $7,668,470 $0 $0

32 $7,668,470 $0 $0

33 $7,668,470 $0 $0

totalinterestpaid averagedraw

$14,538,142 $86,483,303

40.28%

ConstructionLoanInterest $14,538,142

EstimatedConstructionLoanInterest

TotalProjectCostBeforeOperatingReserve

$ 602,070,226.01

EstimateofOperatingReserve GrossPotentialRent LeaseͲupPeriod(Monthstoreachstabilizedoccupancy) AverageOccupancyduringLeaseͲup EstimatedRentduringLeaseͲup EstimatedOperatingExpensesduringLeaseͲup NOIDuringLeaseͲup ConstructionInterestDuringLeaseͲup

month drawamount totalloandraw loaninterest

ConstructionLoanInterest $3,162,655.67 8 70% $17,710,871.77 $6,137,879.41 $11,572,992.36 $10,020,134.47

monthly months

FirstͲYearOperatingReserveRequired

$(1,552,857.89)

TotalProjectCosts(withoutPublicContribution)

$600,517,368.12

34 $7,668,470 $0 $0

35 $7,668,470 $0 $0

36 $7,668,470 $0 $0

*Contractorfeesareamarkupofsubs,butduetounknowncost,itwillbedoublearchitecture&Engineeringfees. **BuildingCommisionerFeesareincludedintoPremiumcostforGreenConstruction($.75forGrossNewConstructionSF)

TenantSpace FloorCommonArea Elevatorlobbies corridors BuildingCommonArea MainElevatorLobby Mech/Elec.Closets/Janitor… BuildingCommonArea ExerciseRooms,Print,Mail… Restrooms VerticalArea

15’

RENTALCOSTDETAILSͲMIXEDUSED 11’4”

FloorCommon AreaFactor

FloorR/U

415 415 415 415 415 2,075.00

0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08

1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09

Plinthe 16% 16% 16% 16% 16%

9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 116,448.00

415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 4,980.00

0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08

1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09

Tower1 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16%

1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1

12,277.00 12,277.00 12,277.00 12,277.00 12,277.00 12,277.00 12,277.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 134,459.00

415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 4,980.00

0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08

1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09

Tower2 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16%

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

15,156.00 15,156.00 15,156.00 15,156.00 15,156.00 15,156.00 15,156.00 15,156.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 169,768.00

415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 5,395.00

0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08

1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09

Tower3 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16%

Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

16,020.00 16,020.00 16,020.00 16,020.00 16,020.00 15,156.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 9,704.00 134,072.00

415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 415 4,150.00

0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08

1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09

Tower4 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16%

Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 3 1 1 1 1 1

16,020.00 16,020.00 16,020.00 16,020.00 16,020.00 16,020.00 16,020.00 112,140.00

415 415 415 415 415 415 415 2,905.00

0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08

1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09 1.09

Tower5 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16%

1,370,302.00

24,485.00

Floor#

Use

#ofUnits

#ofBedrooms

GrossFloorArea

VerticalArea

1 2 3 4 5

Retail Retail Commercial Commercial Commercial

1 1 1 1 1

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

140,683.00 140,683.00 140,683.00 140,683.00 140,683.00 703,415.00

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

0 1 1 2 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

6 7 8 9 10 11 12

15’

Building Mass Divisions

Floorplate Divisions Totals

GrossBuildingPotentialIncome

Avg.

1.09

LoadFactor

UsableArea(Square BasicRentable Foot) Area(SquareFoot)

Floor Coefficient

Orientation Coefficient

RentPerSq.Ft/Mo.

MonthlyRentPerUnit

TotalAnnualRentfor UnitType

129,046.56 129,046.56 129,046.56 129,046.56 129,046.56 645,232.80

140,268.00 140,268.00 140,268.00 140,268.00 140,268.00 701,340.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0 0 0 0 0

$3.25 $3.25 $3.69 $3.69 $3.69

$455,871.00 $5,470,452.00 $455,871.00 $5,470,452.00 $517,238.25 $6,206,859.00 $517,238.25 $6,206,859.00 $517,238.25 $6,206,859.00 $ $2,463,456.75 $29,561,481.00

8,545.88 8,545.88 8,545.88 8,545.88 8,545.88 8,545.88 8,545.88 8,545.88 8,545.88 8,545.88 8,545.88 8,545.88 102,550.56

9,289.00 9,289.00 9,289.00 9,289.00 9,289.00 9,289.00 9,289.00 9,289.00 9,289.00 9,289.00 9,289.00 9,289.00 111,468.00

0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

$2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38

$23,164.44 $23,164.44 $23,164.44 $23,164.44 $23,164.44 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $285,694.81

$277,973.33 $277,973.33 $277,973.33 $277,973.33 $277,973.33 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $3,428,337.68

10,913.04 11,862.00 10,913.04 11,862.00 10,913.04 11,862.00 10,913.04 11,862.00 10,913.04 11,862.00 10,913.04 11,862.00 10,913.04 11,862.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 119,120.68 129,479.00

0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

$2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38

$29,580.86 $29,580.86 $29,580.86 $29,580.86 $29,580.86 $30,989.48 $30,989.48 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $331,220.83

$354,970.35 $354,970.35 $354,970.35 $354,970.35 $354,970.35 $371,873.70 $371,873.70 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $3,974,649.90

13,561.72 14,741.00 13,561.72 14,741.00 13,561.72 14,741.00 13,561.72 14,741.00 13,561.72 14,741.00 13,561.72 14,741.00 13,561.72 14,741.00 13,561.72 14,741.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 137,661.44 164,373.00

0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

$2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38

$36,760.37 $36,760.37 $36,760.37 $36,760.37 $36,760.37 $38,510.86 $38,510.86 $38,510.86 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $420,671.99

$441,124.43 $441,124.43 $441,124.43 $441,124.43 $441,124.43 $462,130.35 $462,130.35 $462,130.35 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $5,048,063.93

14,356.60 15,605.00 14,356.60 15,605.00 14,356.60 15,605.00 14,356.60 15,605.00 14,356.60 15,605.00 13,561.72 14,741.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 8,545.88 9,289.00 119,528.24 129,922.00

0.05 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

$2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38

$38,914.97 $38,914.97 $38,914.97 $40,768.06 $40,768.06 $38,510.86 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $24,267.51 $333,861.94

$466,979.63 $466,979.63 $466,979.63 $489,216.75 $489,216.75 $462,130.35 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $291,210.15 $4,006,343.33

14,356.60 14,356.60 14,356.60 14,356.60 14,356.60 14,356.60 14,356.60 100,496.20

15,605.00 15,605.00 15,605.00 15,605.00 15,605.00 15,605.00 15,605.00 109,235.00

0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.10

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

$2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38 $2.38

$38,914.97 $38,914.97 $38,914.97 $38,914.97 $38,914.97 $40,768.06 $40,768.06 $276,110.97

$466,979.63 $466,979.63 $466,979.63 $466,979.63 $466,979.63 $489,216.75 $489,216.75 $3,313,331.63

1,224,589.92

1,345,817.00

$4,111,017.29 $49,332,207.45 $54,690,864.64

FloorR/URatio BasicRentableArea BLDGR/URatio RentableArea R/URatio RentableArea

Ratios BldgCommonArea BldgR/URatio RentableArea R/URatio VerticalArea elev:27.1sf stair:52.9sf freight:36sf pipes:50sf

x8perfloor x2perfloor x1perfloor perfloor

20,000.00 estimate 1.02 1,366,118.70 10%

216.8 105.8 36 56.4 415

=FloorRentableArea/FloorUsableArea =UsablexFloorR/URatio =BuildingRentableArea/(BuildingRentableAreaͲBasicRentableAreaofBuildingCommonArea) =BasicRentableAreaxBuildingR/URatio =FloorR/URatioxBuildingR/URatio =UsableAeaxR/URatio

ARPL 601 DESIGN TECHNOLOGY S TUDIO: PARAMETRIC DEVELOPMENT S Architects increasingly find themselves struggling to navigate a rising tide of information, buffeted on all sides by changing market conditions, lower profit margins, faster schedules, more complicated programs, and more demanding clients. We have already arrived in a future where architects must find ways to harness these winds and currents if they are to remain in control of their design process. In the last decade, parametric design has been concerned with either expediency in the documentation process (Revit) or the elaboration of complex surfaces (Grasshopper, Generative Components, Digital Project), but these tools are capable of helping architects solve much more common and historically intractable problems. In this studio, I asked students to harness one of the most opaque documents in the design process: the developer’s real estate proforma, to help them understand the cost/benefit implications of their design decisions in real time. Using a combination of Revit, Rhino, Grasshopper, and Excel, students developed multiple techniques to quickly design floorplates for a mixed-use tall tower. Students developed parametric tools to control and value unit size, view orientation, solar orientation, and mixture of residential unit types. These could be reconfigured to quickly regenerate a detailed proforma enumerating costs and profits for the entire development. Students could easily update their input data to reflect changing market conditions and reconfigure their floorplates to accommodate changes in the real estate market or the construction industry.


Unit Type Studio 1-Bedroom 2-Bedroom 3-Bedroom

# of Units -

$ SF/Mo. $2.75 $2.85 $2.30 $2.00

Avg. SF Per Unit 550 675 1135 1285

RENTAL SUMMARY - RESEARCH Avg. Monthly Rent Avg. Yearly Rent $1,555.00 $18,660.00 $1,990.00 $23,880.00 $2,620.00 $31,440.00 $3,075.00 $36,900.00

Total Rentable SF

Total Monthly Rent 0000-

Total Yearly Rent -

% of Bldg Gross SF 52% 26% 12% 10%

Unit Type Studio 1-Bedroom 2-Bedroom 3-Bedroom Commercial Retail Totals

# of Units 276 84 24 24 1 2 411

$ SF/Mo. $2.75 $2.85 $2.30 $2.00 $3.67 $3.70

RENTAL SUMMARY - RESIDENTIAL TOWER EAST Avg. SF Per Unit Avg. Monthly Rent Avg. Yearly Rent Total Rentable SF 471 $1,512.00 $18,144.00 130,048 756 $2,546.00 $30,552.00 63,503 1145 $3,030.00 $36,360.00 27,474 1542 $3,561.00 $42,732.00 37,013 31203 $1,374,180.00 $16,490,160.00 31,203 28400 $1,260,966.00 $15,131,592.00 56,800 346,041

Total Monthly Rent $231,020.00 $270,057.00 $184,869.00 $103,299.00 $114,515.00 $210,161.00 $1,113,921.00

Total Yearly Rent $2,772,241.00 $3,240,689.00 $2,218,423.00 $1,239,592.00 $1,374,180.00 $2,521,932.00 Ψϭϯ͕ϯϲϳ͕Ϭϱϳ͘ϬϬ

% of Bldg Rentable SF 31% 15% 7% 9% 7% 14% 83%

Unit Type Studio 1-Bedroom 2-Bedroom 3-Bedroom Commercial Retail Totals

# of Units 269 96 34 16 1 2 418

$ SF/Mo. $2.75 $2.85 $2.30 $2.00 $3.67 $3.70

RENTAL SUMMARY - RESIDENTIAL TOWER WEST Avg. SF Per Unit Avg. Monthly Rent Avg. Yearly Rent Total Rentable SF 490 $1,572.00 $18,864.00 131,753 744 $2,478.00 $29,736.00 71,390 1042 $2,797.00 $33,564.00 35,431 1356 $3,221.00 $38,652.00 21,702 34248 $1,508,292.00 $18,099,504.00 34,248 31361 $1,392,450.00 $16,709,400.00 62,723 357,247

Total Monthly Rent $242,138.00 $234,503.00 $142,427.00 $188,315.00 $125,691.00 $232,075.00 $1,165,149.00

Total Yearly Rent $2,905,652.00 $2,814,039.00 $1,709,129.00 $2,259,780.00 $1,508,292.00 $2,784,900.00 Ψϭϯ͕ϵϴϭ͕ϳϵϮ͘ϬϬ

% of Bldg Rentable SF 31% 17% 8% 5% 8% 15% 83%

Unit Type Tower Commercial Commercial Retail Totals

# of Units

$ SF/Mo. $3.67 $3.67 $3.70

RENTAL SUMMARY - COMMERCIAL TOWER Avg. SF Per Unit Avg. Monthly Rent Avg. Yearly Rent Total Rentable SF 19602 $78,177.00 $938,124.00 411,648 32845 $1,446,480.00 $17,357,760.00 32,845 29171 $1,295,178.00 $15,542,136.00 58,341 502,834

Total Monthly Rent $1,641,725.00 $120,540.00 $215,863.00 $1,978,128.00

Total Yearly Rent $19,700,700.00 $1,446,480.00 $2,590,356.00 ΨϮϯ͕ϳϯϳ͕ϱϯϲ͘ϬϬ

% of Bldg Rentable SF 82% 7% 12% 100%

Building RT East RT West Com Tower Totals

-

RENTAL SUMMARY - TOTAL DEVELOPMENT Total Rentable SF Total Monthly Income Total Yearly Income 346,042.00 $1,113,921.00 $13,367,057.00 357,247.00 $1,165,149.00 $13,981,792.00 502,834.00 $1,978,128.00 $23,737,536.00 1206123 $4,257,198.00 Ψϱϭ͕Ϭϴϲ͕ϯϴϱ͘ϬϬ

1 Bedroom generator

% of Development 25.64% 26.47% 37.26% 89%

Rent generator by view orientation

Excel Export

grasshopper evolution

Spring/Fall Equinox insolation

Summer Solstice insolation

Winter Solstice insolation


Water jet-cut metal screen above Mount Vernon Square entry

Winter facade shading

Summer facade shading

Winter site shading

Summer site shading

Winter passive solar heating optimization

Summer solar chimney optimization

A RP L 602 COMPREHEN S IVE BUI L DI NG DES I G N 2 012 : N AT I O N A L B U I L D I N G L A B The graduate level Comprehensive Building Design Studio draws on the advanced skills of the second-year graduate students. As the director of the Comprehensive Building Design Studio, I conceived this project for the National Building Laboratory--an annex to the National Building Museum--in consultation with curators at the NBM and the NYAIA Technology Committee. The jury cited my studio’s winning design by Christian Chute, Daniel Bertuso, Michael Boyd, Zainab Behbehanni, and Kaloyan Yordanov for its aesthetic ambition tightly integrated with cutting edge, high-performance passive design. The team made the bold and risky decision to incorporate a south-facing glass facade. They tuned the slope of the double skin curtain wall to admit low-angle sun for passive heating in the winter while substantially blocking high-angle sun in the summer. Using advanced CFD analysis, they were able to show that the double curtain wall would passively exhaust warm air out of the building without excess heating in the habitable spaces, even in Washington’s humid summers. The penthouse level is shaped to create deep overhangs to drive predominant summer winds through the double skin and to create negative pressure on the north side of the building to draw air through the double skin from above and exhaust it out of the building.


Winter passive heating mode

Winter Wind

Spring/Fall passive ventilation mode

Summer passive ventilation mode

Summer Wind

CFD analysis of summer passive solar ventilation


Geothermal radiant cooling (and heating) with variable refrigerant flow cooling system and energy recovery ventilators at the point of entry dehumidify incoming air while capillary mats provide sensible cooling (and heating) without interrupting passive ventilation.

Lobby (above), K Street facade (below)


Atrium with water jet-cut metal screen


A RC H 402 COMPREHEN S IVE BUI L DI NG DES I G N: N AVY YA R D I NF OR MAT I ON KI OSK The Comprehensive Building Design Studio demands that students deploy the full range of technologies available in contemporary practice and bridge the gap between form and function. From advanced free-form modeling in Rhino to building information modeling in Revit to advanced sustainable analysis in Revit and Ecotect, to advanced CFD simulation and analysis with VirtualWind, this undergraduate team, Alex Zondlo, Gina Longo, Michael Mastriano, and Mike Large, working closely with EYP sustainability director Les Taylor, deployed an array of technologies on their design for an information kiosk in Washington’s burgeoning Navy Yard neighborhood. While many of these technologies remain unknown to all but a few of the world’s most advanced design firms, these students have already used them to understand their design in unprecedented detail and sophistication and are equipped to become early leaders in an increasingly technical profession.


Summer solstice noon

Structural glass facade detail

Average summer wind flow analysis

Summer solstice 4:30

Wind/water flow diagrams

Winter solstice noon

Winter solstice 4:30


A RC H 2 0 6 / 517 I N T RO D U C T I O N T O D I G I TA L D E S I G N & FA B R I C AT I O N Through a series of lectures and hands-on exercises built around the canonical works of digital design, this class examines techniques developed by Greg Lynn, SHoP, Office dA, FOA, Gehry, as well as pre-digital techniques by Saarinen, and proto-digital works by Utzon and Arup in order to provide students the basic digital techniques on which they can build in their studio courses. DD&F is also the first formal and systematic introduction to the laser cutter, 3D printer, and CNC router and modeling software, Rhinoceros.


A RC H 206/517 D IGITAL D OCUM ENT S , A R P L 4 21 / 6 21 BUI L DI NG I N F OR MAT I ON MA N AGE ME N T After teaching several semesters of the legacy Digital Documents course, little changed from the Autocad era, I was asked to develop a new course that would teach students the very latest BIM techniques. In this course I ask students to model and document geometrically complex buildings like Zaha Hadid’s Landform One, or OMA’s Villa Dal’Ava that force students to use Revit in unconventional ways. Curved, sloped, free-form walls and roofs will prepare students to bend Revit to any design challenge, particularly the formal demands of high-performance sustainable design. I incorporate readings and discussions about the broader role of BIM in contemporary practice and the modern AEC industry so that students are prepared to become early leaders in a BIM savvy office. The course also forms the technical foundation of Catholic University’s Comprehensive Building Design Studio.

Villa Dal’Ava by OMA Modeled by Benjamin Holsinger

Landform One by Zaha Hadid Modeled by Patrick Keeney


A RC H 312/612 , ARPL 5 5 5 : B I M & T HE PA R A M ET R I C M O DEL Through a combination of lectures, class discussions and hands-on tutorials, this course teaches students the fundamentals of parametric design. We use rule-based systems in nature as a metaphor for applying rules to design problems. The class began by teaching both advanced techniques in Revit and Grasshopper, but has evolved to focus on Grasshopper and some basic scripting.



Andrew Cocke Portfolio2