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Source: National Geographic Magazine (2004)

PAGASA/DOST


“EARTH IS AT THE TIPPING POINT” Headlines around the world indicate a “sick” earth. Unusual weather patterns are being experienced and wreaking havoc in all corners of the world. “Things that normally happen in geologic time are happening during the span of a human lifetime (National Geographic, September 2004).”


Source: National Geographic Magazine (2004)

PAGASA/DOST


Source: National Geographic Magazine (2004)

PAGASA/DOST


Source: National Geographic Magazine (2004)

PAGASA/DOST


In January 1995, in Antartica, a 70x25 km. iceberg was cut from Larsen B; The disintegration of the remainder of the Larsen A followed which many scientists considered to to be closely related to climate change. In 2002, satellites recorded an even larger disintegration than what occurred in 1995. Between 31 January and 5 March 2002, approximately 3,250 square kilometres of the Larsen Ice Shelf B shattered, releasing 720 billion tons of ice into the Weddell Sea. It was the largest single disintegration event in 30 years of ice shelf monitoring. Preliminary studies of sediment cores suggest that it may have been this ice shelf's first collapse in 12,000 years.


Source: National Geographic Magazine (2004)

PAGASA/DOST


Global Warming will accelerate the melting of the polar ice caps and glaciers. Arctic temperature has already increased almost twice the global rate. Greenpeace Photo taken at Blomstrandbreen Glacier in a remote Arctic island


h  These

are the naturally occurring gases that keep the Earth comfortably warm enough for plants and animals to live in at an average temperature of 15oC.

h  Produced

by natural

processes:

 water cycle  growth and death of plants and animals  decaying of wood and other biodegradable

materials  volcanic activities


5 Worldwide deforestation 5 Increasing industrial activity 5 Motor vehicle emission 5 Waste management practices 5 Intensive agriculture


Transportation Energy Generation Industrial Processes

KLIMA

Land Use: Agriculture & Forestry


  Decaying

methane

solid waste in landfills emits

KLIMA


KLIMA


OVERALL WARMING OF THE PLANET, BASED ON AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OVER THE ENTIRE SURFACE (IPCC)


"   global average air

temperature increased by 0.74°C from 1906 to 2005 "   Strong temperature

increase since 1975 (unprecedented) collective picture of a warming world


  11

of the last twelve years: warmest years since 1850

  More

frequent hot days, hot nights, and heat waves but less frequent cold days, cold nights and frost over the last 50 years

  More   More

intense and longer droughts since 1970s

frequent, persistent and intense El Niño since the mid-1970s


Possible Impacts •  Increased coastal flooding •  Enhanced coastal erosion •  Salt-water intrusion •  Impacts of storm surge magnified


 In

the Philippines, there already are trends of increasing number of hot days and warm nights, but decreasing number of cold days and cool nights. Both maximum and minimum temperatures are generally getting warmer.

"  Other extreme weather/climate events like

intense rains have been seen to be more frequent.


  1890

– 1990

=

"  2000 – 2100

=

0.5 – 1.° F

2.0 – 6.° F

Increase in Global Temp.

 According to scientists, 11 of the last 12 years ranked among the 12 warmest years in history  The United Kingdom Meteorological Office predicts that this year will be the hottest year on record  The UN indicated, with 90% certainty, that the rise in temperature is likely caused by human activities


  IPCC*

Fourth Assessment Report Findings

›  Global average surface temperature increased by

0.74°C (1960-2005) which is higher than the Third Assessment Report (TAR) of 0.6°C (1901-2000)

›  Global average sea level rose due to increase in the

global average surface temperature at an average rate of 1.8 mm per year over 1961 to 2003 or a total of 0.17m for the 21st century

›  There are projected increases for further warming

from 1.4°C to 5.8°C during the 21st century, leading to an increase in the sea level from 18-59 cm by 2100.

›  The rise in temperatures have been “very likely”

caused by human activity and due to increases in the release in the atmosphere of greenhouse gases.

*Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


PAGASA/DOST


PAGASA/DOST


“EARTH IS AT THE TIPPING POINT” Headlines around the world indicate a “sick” earth. Unusual weather patterns are being experienced and wreaking havoc in all corners of the world. “Things that normally happen in geologic time are happening during the span of a human lifetime (National Geographic, September 2004).”


Severe flooding have damaged the 600-year old ruins of Sukhothai, Thailand’s first capital.


(already observed)

1993

2000

IUCN


ACCORDING TO UN, 20%-30% OF PLANT AND ANIMAL SPECIES MAY BECOME EXTINCT AS A RESULT OF CLIMATE CHANGE


A Legally binding instrument that strengthens the UNFCCC by committing developed countries that are Party to it to individual, quantified GHG emission and limitation targets (an average total cut in GHG emissions of 5% from 1990 levels for the period 2008-2012)

allows Annex I countries to cut the cost of meeting emissions targets by implementing GHG-reducing projects in non-Annex I countries


Source: CDM/JI in Charts ver 5.1


 

Coordinate efforts on the implementation of commitments and obligations to the UNFCCC.

 

Coordinate with relevant organizations and institutions from various sectors on the activities and programs implemented by the EMB/IACCC and other issues and concerns related to climate change.

 

Conduct public awareness campaigns and develop information materials on climate change concerns

 

Conduct and coordinate capacity building activities such as training workshops and orientation seminars.


 

 

 

Review on your institution’s current policies and programs that may work as either mitigation or adaptation strategies and measures in addressing climate change Encourage cooperation and partnerships among other institutions in programs and activities that would help fight global warming. Strengthen environmental awareness and action among your colleagues by initiating innovative and creative information and education campaigns.


EFFECTS OF TYPHOON MILENYO & FLASHFLOOD IN BRGY. SAN JOSE, ANTIPOLO CITY



Disaster Preparedness Plan