EXCLUSIVE DUAL-LANGUAGE ARABIC-ENGLISH ISSUE
World’s Largest Distributed Special Ops Magazine
Middle East Special Operations SOFEX & MESOC
Capability Builder Maj. Gen. Ken Tovo Commander Special Operations Command Central
Volume 10, Issue 3
Exclusive Interview with: Brig. Gen. Khalid Bani Yaseen Jordan Armed forces Commander Joint Special Operations
Portable Power O Robotics O 2012 Tactical Vehicle Review Handguns O SOCOM Acquisition Executive’s Views
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Special Operations Technology
May 2012 Volume 10 • Issue 3
Cover / Q&A Exclusive Interview with: Brigadier General Khalid Bani Yaseen Jordan Armed Forces Commander Joint Special Operations
2012 Special Operations Tactical Vehicle Review We provide a compendium of wheeled vehicles available for use by special operators, featuring the very latest in mobility technology from a score of vehicle providers. By Dave Ahearn
Portable Power Today’s warfighter uses myriad systems requiring electrical power. We examine juice providers ranging from vehicles to solar generators. By Henry Canaday
25 Major General Ken Tovo Commander Special Operations Command Central
SOCOM Procurement James Cluck, the top SOCOM procurement executive, tells defense contractors what he expects from them, and what they can expect from him—including more emphasis on best value, and less stress on cost. By Dave Ahearn
Robotics While war will always involve casualties, the toll of tragedy has been cut decisively by hardy robots. We examine these mechanical warriors that allow warfighters to avoid being placed in harm’s way. By Christian Bourge
Handguns The military has some tried and true favorites in sidearms. But what are the chances the military may obtain an entirely new pistol? By Henry Canaday
Departments 2 Editor’s Perspective 3 Whispers/People 22 Black Watch 36 Calendar, Directory
Brigadier General Khalid Bani Yaseen Jordan Armed Forces Commander-Joint Special Operations
Major General Ken Tovo Commander Special Operations Command Central
37 Jerry Agee Chairman, CEO and President MBDA
Special Operations Technology Volume 10, Issue 3 May 2012
World’s Largest Distributed Special Ops Magazine Editorial Editor Dave Ahearn firstname.lastname@example.org Managing Editor Harrison Donnelly email@example.com Online Editorial Manager Laura Davis firstname.lastname@example.org Copy Editor Laural Hobbes email@example.com Correspondents Christian Bourge • Peter Buxbaum • Henry Canaday Jeff Goldman • William Murray • Leslie Shaver Art & Design Art Director Jennifer Owers firstname.lastname@example.org Senior Graphic Designer Jittima Saiwongnuan email@example.com Graphic Designers Amanda Kirsch firstname.lastname@example.org Scott Morris email@example.com Kailey Waring firstname.lastname@example.org Advertising Account Executives Scott Sheldon email@example.com
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EDITOR’S PERSPECTIVE For those who give all, it is only right to give, to help their loved ones in a time of suffering and loss. While it is, unfortunately, not rare for a special operator to make the ultimate sacrifice in theater, he shouldn’t have to lay down his life in his own home. But that is just what happened when Chief Warrant Officer Edward Cantrell found his home ablaze, and his two daughters—ages 6 and 4—trapped inside. Without a thought for his own safety, Cantrell dashed into the house in Hope Mills, N.C., near Fort Bragg. But he perished in the flames as he tried to save the girls, leaving only his wife alive. This is typical of the character of Dave Ahearn special operators. Editor According to the Army Special Forces Command, Cantrell was born in Dyersburg, Tenn., joining the Army in 1994 as a military policeman. He earned his Green Beret in 2004 at Fort Bragg, buying his family home in Hope Mills. A charity is collecting donations through the Army Special Operations Command’s Facebook page, providing an opportunity for others to help a family suffering such an immense loss. About this issue: We’re proud to present this issue for your enjoyment. For the first time, Special Operations Technology is publishing an Arabic-English issue, which will be distributed at SOFEX, the Special Operations Forces Exhibition & Conference in Amman, Jordan; the Middle East Special Operations Commanders Conference; and the Warrior Competition of the King Abdullah II Special Operations Training Center. We interviewed Brigadier General Khalid Bani Yaseen, Jordan Armed Forces, commander-joint Special Operations, and have presented the conversation in both Arabic and English. We are fortunate to headline our Q&A Interview with Major General Ken Tovo, commander, Special Operations Command Central. His interview is also presented in both Arabic and English. We also offer a special annual report, the 2012 Tactical Vehicles Review, a compendium of the enormously varied vehicles that can be used by special operators. And we have detailed feature stories on James Cluck, the top SOCOM procurement executive, in a frank airing of views with hundreds of defense contractors, portable power on the battlefield that can lessen the weighty burden of batteries carried by warfighters, on robotics taking on dangerous duties to remove humans from harm’s way, and more. We hope you find this issue of interest and value.
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A Proud Member of: Subscription Information Special Operations Technology ISSN 1552-7891 is published nine times a year by KMI Media Group. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction without permission is strictly forbidden. © Copyright 2012. Special Operations Technology is free to qualified members of the U.S. military, employees of the U.S. government and non-U.S. foreign service based in the U.S. All others: $65 per year. Foreign: $149 per year. Corporate Offices KMI Media Group 15800 Crabbs Branch Way, Suite 300 Rockville, MD 20855-2604 USA Telephone: (301) 670-5700 Fax: (301) 670-5701 Web: www.SOTECH-kmi.com
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SOCOM Requests Information for New Contract Special Operations Command requested information from vendors for a new, $97.8 million requirements analysis, prototyping, training, operations and rehearsal III (RAPTOR III) contract. The old April 2009 RAPTOR II engineering and program management contract is nearing the $48.9 million ceiling on its expenditure of funds, so SOCOM wishes to replace and expand it with a new RAPTOR III contract. Seeking information toward the new contract is the Army Program Executive Office for Simulation, Training and Instrumentation (PEO STRI), Product Manager for Special Operations Forces (SOF) Training Systems.
Mission preparedness, rehearsal and training include primarily SOF tasks and include the joint community that SOCOM operates and interfaces with such as the NATO special forces partners and other government agencies. The RAPTOR III program will be executed as a small business set-aside competition to result in a single-award indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity (IDIQ) contract. The estimated ceiling of this IDIQ is $97.8 million. Further information is available on Fed Biz Opps, at solicitation number W900KK-12-R-0022. The new contract is to be managed by the PEO STRI Acquisition Center.
SOCOM Selects Firms for Land Navigation Training Systems SOCOM selected SAIC, Riptide and Raveon to field the land navigation training system for special forces. This system will ensure soldiers’ safety while they perform night and day operations. Riptide’s Excon software will track the soldiers, provide automated alerts when soldiers ingress/ egress geographical boundaries, and allow emergency response personnel to locate and assist soldiers in distress. This system combines exercise command and control and after action review capabilities with the Raveon radio and SAIC’s communication infrastructure and integration. This opportunity came from their work on the HITS contract that created a very low cost, easy-to-use system for the Army. The proposal effort included two demonstrations that proved the system was easy to set up, easy to operate, and provided special operations personnel with everything they needed to conduct a land navigation exercise successfully.
Team Set to Provide Software Aid to SOCOM Cybrix Group was selected by SRA International to join in providing IT assistance to SOCOM. Cybrix will identify how these applications can be tailored or customized to better meet SOCOM’s needs and requirements. Skip Durbin, Cybrix Group contracts management officer said, “We have a long history with [SOCOM], which contributes to our effectiveness.
SRA International can leverage this relationship to quickly make an impact.” The project will require Cybrix Group to assist SOCOM with applications management, and will include a review and evaluation of all SOCOM software, much of which is similar to the applications used by many of the world’s largest corporations.
Cybrix will identify how these applications can be tailored or customized to better meet unique SOCOM needs and requirements so that they are truly enterprisewide solutions. The project will also require Cybrix Group to look for opportunities to develop automated processes to further streamline these applications, increase efficiencies and optimize the user experience.
PEOPLE Air Force Colonel Scott A. Howell, who has been selected for the rank of brigadier general, special assistant to the commander, U.S. Special Operations Command, MacDill Air Force Base, Fla., has been named deputy director of operations, J3, U.S. Special Operations Command, MacDill Air Force Base, Fla. Brigadier General Paul J. LaCamera, who has been selected for the rank
Compiled by KMI Media Group staff
of major general, deputy commanding general, 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, has been named deputy commanding general, U.S. Army Special Operations Command, Fort Bragg, N.C. Colonel Timothy P. McGuire, who has been selected for the rank of brigadier general, deputy chief, legislative liaison, Office of the Secretary of the Army, Washington, D.C., has been named
deputy commander, 101st director, plans, programs, Airborne Division (Air requirements, and Assault), Fort Campbell, Ky. assessments, Headquarters Air Force Special Brigadier General Operations Command, Michael X. Garrett, Hurlburt Field, Fla., has chief of staff, 18th been assigned to deputy Airborne Corps, Fort commander, Joint Special Bragg, N.C., has been Operations Command, named commanding Special Operations general, U.S. Army Alaska/ Command, Fort Bragg, N.C. deputy commander, U.S. Alaskan Command, Fort Brigadier General Richardson, Alaska. Marshall B. Webb, assistant commander, Brigadier General support, Joint Special Stephen A. Clark, Operations Command,
Special Operations Command, Fort Bragg, N.C., has been assigned to director, plans, programs, requirements, and assessments, Headquarters Air Force Special Operations Command, Hurlburt Field, Fla. Streamlight appointed Kevin Hayes regional manager of the military and federal government sales team, a new position. He is an Army veteran.
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Special Forces Leader
Commander Sees Training, Global Links, C4ISR, Air Mobility as Critical Brigadier General Khalid Bani Yaseen Jordan Armed Forces Commander Joint Special Operations Q: Can you give me a little background on the organization, size and structure of Jordanian Special Operations Command? A: Since their establishment in 1963, the Jordanian special operations forces were meant to be flexible and dynamic, in order to successfully face the ever-changing threats to our national security. Their organizational structure has evolved significantly over the past half-century, as internal and external threats changed. In a nutshell, our special operations forces evolved from a multi-task company-size parachute unit in the early 1960s to brigade-size in the early 1980s, with more specialized units, including a parachute unit, special forces unit and a small counter-terrorism unit. With the beginning of this century and the emergence of new threats to national security, Jordan established paramilitary troops—the Gendarmerie. The new military force was, and remains, tasked with countering homeland security threats, thus allowing the Special Operations Forces to focus on homeland defense threats. Therefore, the concept changed accordingly, from special operations to joint special operations. The new organization of the Royal Joint Special Operations consists mainly of three main brigades with all standard support and service units that facilitate operations and training. The Special Forces Brigade consists of a special forces group, a counter-terrorism battalion and a combat search-and-rescue battalion. This brigade is mainly equipped and trained to successfully fight unconventional threats, with a good capability to also face conventional ones. The Rangers Brigade is more geared towards fighting conventional threats, with good capabilities to support internal security operations. The Special Operations Aviation Brigade provides the joint task forces with mobility, timely response capabilities and insertion platforms, especially for the counter-terrorism teams. Q: Jordan has a world-class training facility at the King Abdullah Special Operations Training Center. How has this facility helped foster close relations with your regional allies and how has training and working with your fellow special operators enhanced your capabilities? A: The King Abdullah II Special Operations Training Center [KASOTC] is indeed a one-of-a-kind facility in the region. It was conceived to be a training hub for elite forces, law enforcement and counter-terrorism operators not only in the region, but world4 | SOTECH 10.3
wide. KASOTC offers trainees a unique opportunity to gain experience and knowledge, and to interact with similar forces from other countries, which will create a pool of highly qualified professionals who can meet the challenges of cross-borders threats. The center’s instructors come from all over the world and were carefully selected in light of their very strong qualifications and solid experience, which is a tremendous asset to all those who participate in training at KASOTC. Q: In today’s global environment, do you encourage your special forces to work with and get to know the special operations forces of countries outside the region? A: In his speech after 9/11, His Majesty King Abdullah pointed out how, while the enemies of peace and security are united and are working together internationally, the friends of peace and security are still not coordinating and cooperating enough. To achieve His Majesty’s vision for greater international coordination and cooperation in the interest of international peace and security, the special operations forces are spearheading the Jordan armed forces’ efforts to enhance coordination with our counterparts regionally and globally, through more training exchange www.SOTECH-kmi.com
opportunities, experience exchanges and even by carrying out real-life operations with other nations, such as those conducted in Afghanistan and elsewhere with our allies’ forces. And, as I mentioned previously, KASOTC was created as a focal point for the exchange of experiences and expertise regionally and internationally, to foster such vision. Q: What technologies are you most interested in acquiring for your special forces? Do you need to increase their lethality, mobility, communications, protection or other key areas? A: Investing in our human capital is one of our top priorities in the process of developing the capabilities of SOCOM. Hence, we never overlook the real needs for technological tools that foster our capabilities. Presently, at the Joint Special Operations, we focus on utilizing and developing the U.S. and Jordanian military leaders have formed close bonds. [Photo courtesy of DoD] concept of C4ISR. The Special Operations’ Aviation Brigade is crucial to the mobility A: Enrollment in the Jordan armed forces is on a voluntary basis, of our units, so providing it with the necessary tools is also one of and this is obviously also true for the special operations. The our priorities. Lastly, we shall keep providing our elite units with first requirement for those willing to join their brothers in arms all they need to efficiently and effectively fight symmetric and in the special operations is that they should successfully pass asymmetric threats, including modern and efficient weaponry physical and mental fitness tests. From a psychological point of systems, and protective tools and materials. view, applicants are evaluated by a military psychologist in order to assess their personal and leadership traits. Then, applicants Q: How important are your special forces to Jordan’s foreign undergo a medical screening and an initial PT test. Those who policy of peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance? Do your make it through this preliminary selection phase are admitted to forces have a role in such missions? an endurance camp [boot camp] for a month of extensive training. The camp is designed to test trainees’ ability to work under A: Jordan contributes one of the largest contingents to United physical and mental stress. Upon completing the camp, recruits Nations humanitarian operations and peace-keeping missions take ranger and parachute courses. After this second phase, they in various hot zones, such as Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast and are sent to specialized courses to complete their military profesmany other places. The number of Jordanians deployed in such sional training. operations exceeds 14,000 in over 13 countries. Most of these countries established military cooperation with Jordan as a Q: What is your commander’s guidance and vision for the comresult of the professionalism demonstrated by Jordanian soldiers mand over the next 12 months? in general, and special operations personnel in particular. In 2004, His Majesty launched an unprecedented initiative to A: We believe that manpower is the main component of special fight extremism and counter its radical narrations by hosting in operations. We are very well aware of our soldiers’ capabilities and Amman Muslim scholars from all around the world to invalidate limitations. Therefore, it’s amongst my top priorities to enhance extremist ideologies threatening international peace and secuthe quality of life of our soldiers and reach out to their families, rity. This initiative produced the Amman Message, which seeks to especially those who lost their breadwinners. To this purpose, a spread the values of true Islam, which forbids wanton aggression family support team was established in our organization. We also and terrorism, upholds the values of human dignity, freedom, seek to increase the capabilities of our NCOs and their role in the peace and justice. The Amman Message has been translated into military decision-making process. actions on the ground in Afghanistan by the Jordanian special Secondly, we need to ensure that our training curricula and operators through a Military Information and Support Operaprograms are up to the level of both our ambitions and the secutions program, to deny popular sympathy to the insurgents and rity threats we have to face. We need to focus more on training lessen public hostility towards ISAF. that fosters the joint task forces concept. Thirdly, we need to pay attention to the development and evoQ: What do you look for in recruits before accepting them into lution of technology, as we believe in providing our operators all the Jordanian special forces? Can you describe your selection they need to accomplish their mission. O process? www.SOTECH-kmi.com
SOTECH 10.3 | 5
By Dave Ahearn SOTECH Editor For special operators, and for combatants throughout the armed forces, no single vehicle can serve all of their transport requirements in the 21st-century battlefield. Because a one-size-fits-all approach is infeasible, warriors require an array of rides, where some vehicles may provide exceptional speed and agility, others may accommodate many troops, and still others may offer a comprehensive cocoon of protection against enemy weapon blasts. This is why special operators can choose from more than 30 vehicles, a choice influenced by the mission: its length, the number of warfighters involved, the expected enemy threat level and more. What is clear is that new threats looming in the current combat construct suggest strongly that new and better vehicles can save fuelâ€”and lives. But some very good vehicles designed specifically to operate in the new conflict environment are barely into development, and already these transports are imperiled by something other than the enemy: the threat of deep defense spending cuts now being considered by Congress. For example, the HMMWV Modernized Expanded Capacity Vehicle (MECV) would be built using some parts of existing HMMWVs, and thus would be available quickly to provide improved protection for warfighters against IEDs. But the HMMWV program appears to be dead, although it has some backers in Congress. Another move to provide better transportation to warfighters would be the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle
Aerco Special operators often are few in number as they execute missions, so the element of surprise is a vital tactic to use against the enemy. And the Phobos light strike vehicle helps the elite warriors to do just that, in a set of wheels powered by a Ford Puma 2.4 liter diesel and a powertrain featuring a four-speed ZF automatic transmission. With a 1,000 km range, the buggy can take on long special ops missions without refueling. It carries two to four personnel cross-terrain at up to 37 mph, even when the terrain is rough, thanks to an enormous 16 inches of wheel travel. The vehicle weighs only 3,748 pounds, while some combat vehicles tip off at 10 times that or more. Phobos is designed for that kind of driving, being a military version of an extreme sports dune buggy known as FilthyBoy. The vehicle has a 4x4 transfer case with locking 6 | SOTECH 10.3
(JLTV). While the JLTV was dead for a while after a Senate move to kill its funding, it appears to be alive and moving forward. It is clear there is keen competition among vehicle vendors to build the JLTV. While only up to three engineering, manufacturing and development contracts will be awarded, six firms are vying for the prize: AM General, BAE Systems (with Ford Motor), General Tactical Vehicles (a venture of AM General and General Dynamics), Lockheed Martin, Navistar and Oshkosh. There also is the Ground Mobility Vehicle 1.1 program to acquire a new special operations-specific vehicle, and that has attracted interest, with General Dynamics and AM General offering the Advanced Ground Mobility Vehicle (AGMV), competing against a rival offering from Navistar Defense LLC, Indigen Armor and SAIC, even as the Oshkosh GMV proposal enters the fight. But those moves to cut defense spending by $487 billion to $1 trillion over 10 years have, at different times, brought forth proposals to kill each of the vehicle programs. It is unclear what finally will emerge from the fray as Congress considers the fiscal 2013 defense budget, with each future vehicle having its avid defenders among senators and representatives. We examine the many types of vehicles that can reliably move combatants in war zones where there are no front lines, only an omnipresent threat that already has taken more than 6,000 lives of U.S. men and women in uniform.
differential, and winches in case the going gets really messy. Aside from special ops missions and recon patrols, the Phobos also can be used for casualty extraction.
AM General AM General built tens of thousands of HMMWVs, so it is no surprise that the company would wish to build the replacement for those transports. While AM General is proposing two possible new vehicles (the AM General Hardwire and the AM General Plasan), competing contractors also have differing versions of the new HMMWV MECV to propose. The new ride clearly would have vastly improved protection against IED and RPG blasts, better performance, upgraded suspensions for smoother off-road travel and much more. But budgetary uncertainties have thrown the HMMWV recapitalization program into limbo.
HMMWV ArmorWorks When special operators head toward an objective, they want to fly like the wind, and they can do just that in the Hyena, which can www.SOTECH-kmi.com
THE PANTHER: SMALLEST AND LIGHTEST VSAT SYSTEM
streak along at more than 80 mph, thanks to a turbodiesel under the hood. Aside from moving fast so it is tough for the enemy to spot, it also is less visible to the foe thanks to a 3-D camo on the body, and a possibility of having 3-D camo fabric over the extendable mast. Development work already is complete, funded by ArmorWorks.
ATV Corp. The Prowler is what special operators are all about: agile, fast and able to go over rough terrain. ATV Corp. imbued the Prowler with 24VDC auxiliary power, Skydex impact absorbing crew suspension seating, and Turbo-Charged Diesel/ JP8 engine power or a gasoline-fueled power plant. Range is 200 to 250 miles with optional spare tank. Three individual Prowler platforms share the same basic range of configuration alternatives. A basic design is common to them, having 28 to 55 hp, speeds of 40 to 60 mph, and a light weight of 1,400 to 1,650 pounds. Payload is 1,550 to 1,800 pounds. Ground clearance is 12.5 inches. Various crew capacities and seating configurations are possible, including four personnel facing forward, or two forward and two aft. It also has litter mounts, and modular removable armor. It can be carried internally on a CV-22 Osprey or other aircraft, and can be air dropped or sling carried.
Prowler 8 | SOTECH 10.3
The mine resistant ambush protected (MRAP) vehicle is designed for the brutalities of asymmetric warfare, such as enemy IEDs and RPGs. There are multiple versions of the MRAP, such as one supplied by BAE Systems and another by Force Protection, now part of General Dynamics. In the BAE version, there is a muscular 370 horsepower engine that—despite the hefty vehicle weight of 60,740 pounds—can move it at 77 mph. The 21.9-inch ground clearance is good when rolling off road and when an IED detonates underneath the MRAP. It also deflects those blasts with a V hull and shock mitigating seats. A fire-smothering extinguishing system also protects occupants.
Now we come to the question of whether a vehicle belongs in the military or on a NASCAR track. The SM-TRV by Anvil Rock can tear down the road at 90 mph—or at 120 mph with optional overdrive. This lightweight rocket (3,600 to 4,200 pounds) can be equipped with a 300 hp diesel or 350 hp gasoline engine. The two to four occupants can hit the enemy before he even knows they’re there.
Chenowth Another vehicle serving combatants with a need for speed is the Scorpion DPV, which can take three warriors as much as 210 to 1,000 miles at speeds of more than 60 mph. The vehicle weighs just 1,499 to 2,110 pounds, half the heft of some family cars, so the 130 to 200 horsepower engine makes the Scorpion move fast. It has a generous 16-inch ground clearance, and can tote 1,500 pounds of payload.
General Dynamics Land Systems-Force Protection MRAP Thanks to its formidable size, the BAE MRAP can carry a crew of two and eight combatants. BAE also provides the RG35 RPU, with capacity for a single crewmember and nine combatants inside an armored capsule. Its 340 horsepower pushes it along at a brisk 56 mph, despite its 26,680 to 46,300 pounds. Even more impressive is the RG33 AUV, with a whopping 600 horsepower engine, that can reach 62 mph. This has the bulk to take an IED hit, tipping off at 53,363 pounds, bolstered by a 19.5-inch ground clearance. Things become even more weighty: Its payload can mount to 20,600 pounds and it can tow 64,000 more. That’s a combined 138,000 pounds roaring down the road.
JAMMA (Joint All-Terrain Modular Mobility Asset) is a tough vehicle that still is compact enough to fit inside the CH-47 or the V-22 Osprey. It has flexible crew seating space, and something unusual: a suspension that after transport in a helo can be widened to confer greater lateral stability on the JAMMA. It also has a long vehicle wheel travel to smooth the rough bumps. And the JAMMA has a digital electronics CANBUS comms system that is open to many C4I systems, including newly developing technology. It can offer hybrid drive to generate 21 kW continuous export power. Then there is the Ocelot, with a sixcylinder turbodiesel engine that drives the 16,535-17,637-pound vehicle at 68 mph, while still being able to get up to 373 miles www.SOTECH-kmi.com
on a tankful. As for payload, it can carry 4,409 pounds, in a design created in cooperation with Ricardo PLC. For personnel protection against IEDs, there is a V-hull crew pod, safety harnesses and ballistic survivability seats. Able to rocket down the road at 85 mph, the Flyer comes with a 150 hp engine that moves its 4,000 to 5,500-pound bulk with ease, while providing 450 miles between fill-ups. There is armor to protect against enemy weapons, and the moxie to carry 3,500 to 5,000 pounds of cargo on roads or over rough spaces. General Dynamics offers the Flyer along with Flyer Defense. The vehicle can be transported internally by the CH-53 and CH-47 helos and the V-22 Osprey, or sling-carried
on the UH-60L helo. This set of wheels offers C4ISR capabilities.
Indigen Armor The Non-Standard Tactical Truck is well named, since it can roll down the road at speeds exceeding 100 mph, thanks to a 325 hp diesel that can run on JP8 fuel. An NSTT can be carried by CH-47 or MH-47. Up to four personnel ride in an armored cell that combats the blast of an IED detonation. According to John D. Choate, CEO of Defense Venture Group Ltd., “The NSTT is the optimal platform for special operations, defense, paramilitary and security organizations that require a reliable multi-purpose vehicle in all environments.” The NSTT is designed to meet the transport needs of special operators, he explained, adding, “It is a purpose-built, designed, engineered and
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manufactured armored vehicle that is internally transportable in an MH-47 helicopter.” It can carry warfighters and their gear in safety over roads or rough ground, while protecting them from enemy weapon blasts. “With a GVW of 12,000 pounds, the chassis, suspension, powertrain and armored occupant safety cell are engineered specifically to carry large payloads across varied terrains,” he observed. “An ideal, lightweight alternative to heavier legacy vehicles, the NSTT comfortably accommodates four 95thpercentile operators with their personal gear and communications equipment.” Just as special operators don’t call attention to themselves, the same is true of the NSTT. “Made to resemble OEM vehicles found throughout the world, the NSTT enables special operations personnel to blend in with local environments while possessing greater comfort and enhanced mobility in urban, desert, woodland, jungle and mountainous terrains,” Choate noted. “It can accommodate a variety of lowprofile or overt tactical body styles allowing the end user to change the vehicle’s profile at the depot level.” While it may not be a spectacular vehicle in appearance, it certainly is spectacular in performance. “The NSTT provides optimum power and performance for any mission,” Choate continued. “Its Navistar V8 turbo diesel engine offers 325 hp and 570 pounds-foot of torque allowing the NSTT to go from 0-30 mph in 3.9 seconds and to reach a top speed of over 100 mph. Its independent front and rear suspension provides 12 inches of travel, offering optimal performance for both on and off road mission sets.” Further, the NSTT is a proven performer, not something experimental or untried. “The NSTT has accumulated over 7,000 rugged, off-road miles at a third party testing facility,” Choate concluded. “A proven platform, the NSTT is also the base design for Navistar Defense’s GMV 1.1.”
Jankel and Jeep Special operators need vehicles that can survive in austere and hostile environments, and Jankel Tactical Systems LLC, a U.S. company, and Jankel Armouring Ltd., a U.K. company, produce a wide range of agile and 10 | SOTECH 10.3
adaptable vehicles currently in worldwide use for both overt and clandestine missions.
AL-Thalab Jankel Armouring began developing the AlThalab vehicle in 2005, using decades of U.K. special forces operational experience. This experience was matched to a base platform that would give the vehicle the maximum customer appeal—the Toyota LandCruiser pickup. The genius of Toyota, compared to more complex and modern vehicles, is its simplicity to maintain and repair. Additionally the global reach of spare parts logistics by Toyota is unmatched, thereby eliminating unique and costly parts bridges to secluded locations from specialty manufacturers. Further adding to the discretion and protection of the vehicles is the development of hot-formed armor. Instead of welding multiple pieces of armor to an existing part, hot formed armor creates the entire part, such as a door, from a single mold. This increases protection while reducing weight and vulnerability. This technique reduces the number of armor components by 80 percent and reduces overall weight nearly 20 percent. The benefits are a more inconspicuous look and increased protection. Since 2006 Al-Thalab has constantly evolved to become a highly competent, mission flexible and capable vehicle offering key mission drivers of four crew, 2,646 pounds payload, and air-transportable capability. A modular armor system has been developed for
the vehicle, as has a CH-47 internal and undersling solution. The Al-Thalab, or Fox, is a versatile vehicle used by Jordanian armed forces. Made by a team of Jankel Armouring Ltd. of Surrey, England, and King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau of Jordan, the Al-Thalab boasts low maintenance and reliability, coupled with long range capability for operations in austere locations. The Al-Thalab patrol vehicle is based on a Toyota Landcruiser 79 chassis, but it clearly is an all-military vehicle. Weighing 3,750 pounds, it can take advantage of the worldwide Toyota parts system, so it can easily be repaired in the field. It can carry weapons, fuel, supplies and water sufficient for a 10-day mission. The AlThalab also can go 932 miles without refueling, a strong point in countries with large desert areas. It can fill various roles such as recon or border patrols, and it carries a combat ladder to provide assault troops with access to an upper story of an enemy building. It can also be fitted with machine guns to make it an effective weapons platform. The Al-Thalab also can be used for casualty evacuation by mounting two stretchers on the rear of the vehicle. Jankel Armouring also produces a line of overt light vehicles. The Jankel Ford Guardian multi-role armored vehicle was instrumental in helping quell the London Riots of this past September. Built on a commercially available Ford F450 or F-550 Super Duty Chassis Cab Truck, it is a flexible and survivable platform able to be configured in a variety of operational roles: firearms support, counter-terrorist/dynamic entry, hostage negotiation, observation post, overt sniper position, emergency evacuation, ambulance and prisoner conveyance. Jankel Tactical Systems designs and produces vehicles for the North American market as well as systems to increase the survivability of vehicle crew. The Blastech Seat attenuates the initial shock from an undercarriage explosion. It then reduces the secondary shock as the passenger travels back to earth with the vehicle, commonly known as the slam-down. This multi-role armored truck has ample room for personnel, including the driver and www.SOTECH-kmi.com
commander, plus six combatants, who can use sniper-observation ports on all sides. While many military vehicles have limited power, especially considering their ponderous weight thanks to armor, the Guardian has hefty horsepower and torque. One option is a giant 6.8-liter Triton V-10 powerplant with a Torqshift 5-speed transmission, where the driver commands 310 hp. An alternative, however, is a 6-liter diesel PowerStroke V8 turbo engine cranking out 325 horses. While that may sound like a lot of muscle, it’s needed to move the Guardian, which weighs 15,540 pounds (curb weight 13,400 pounds), with a payload of 2,138 pounds. Finally, Jankel offers the Jeep J8, a relatively new vehicle with a name echoing through military history. During World War II, the Jeep was the iconic transport vehicle that served soldiers from
Operation Berlin to Okinawa, and the Battle of the Bulge to the Battle of Midway. Now there comes a blast from the past in the Jeep J8, a 194 hp transport that can reach 87 mph, considerably faster than the 55 mph or so of the original Jeep. The new Jeep is a heftier, solid piece of machinery, weighing up to 8,515 pounds, with a 2,787-pounds payload potentially pushing it to more than 11,000 pounds total. To move that mass, the J8 has a 2.8 liter diesel engine with enough economy that the vehicle can get 391 to 578 miles on a tankful. Going off-road is easy, thanks to a 9-inch ground clearance. And yet its dimensions are small enough that the Jeep can be carried by the MH-47 and CH-53 helicopters. While it can be carried by those aircraft, the Jeep itself can carry an impressive load: two to eight personnel, or it can carry casualties.
Unlike the original Jeep, the J8 comes with sophisticated safety systems, including an automatic braking system and front passenger airbags. Also, the new Jeep packs a punch: It can be fitted with an overhead weapon system bristling with a 7.62 mm machine gun, a .50 caliber machine gun or a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher. The Jeep J8 has many variants, including a three-door, five-door (with or without heavy duty hard top), armored version, ambulance and more.
John Deere The M-Gator A2 isn’t covered with tons of armor but it may not need any, because this ride isn’t restricted to roads, able to zip over rugged terrain where IED-burying terrorists
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can’t anticipate its movements. That off-road capability is thanks to an 8-inch travel on the front suspension, a 9-inch travel on the rear, and an 11-inch ground clearance. Because this isn’t a huge vehicle (only 62 inches wide), it can slip through narrow spaces, such as between trees. Driven by a 25 hp engine that can guzzle JP8 fuel, it can move at 32 mph, which is fast in fields and forests. It tips off at just 1,640 pounds, and yet it can move more than that in additional weight: 1,000 pounds of payload in the vehicle, while towing 1,500 pounds, and 150 pounds on a rack on the hood. It has 13 tie-down points, and the rear cargo box has sides that fold down to accommodate bulky loads. It has a heavy duty bumper and brush guard, front and rear CV guards, and fender guards. To make off-road travel easy, it is equipped with underbody skid plates. A 3,000-pound winch is a handy option if the going gets sloppy.
create a safe vehicle for warfighters in an IEDfilled combat zone. With an armored V-hull, the vehicle also protects occupants by placing them in special seats with a harness system.
Millen Works Here we have two vehicles: The Helo Transportable Tactical Vehicle, or HTTV, pumps out 200 hp from a diesel power plant to move a set of wheels weighing 4,900 to 7,350 pounds. It has four-wheel drive with locking differentials. In addition to riding on larger aircraft such as the CH-47 or CH-53, it also can by transported by the V-22. The HTTV is adept at performing strike, recon and utility missions, even where extreme off-road capability is required. But it also performs well on the road. It handles both assignments well thanks to a cockpit adjustment that changes the road clearance. It can have a generous 16-inch wheel travel. When special operators need to hit an objective quickly, or escape from bad guys in a hot extract, this set of wheels delivers a sizzling 95 mph-plus speed, moving from zero to 60 mph in less than 13 seconds. Separately, Millen Works offers the ETTV version with hybrid electric drive that gives it a 150 mile range.
forces today. Designed to keep special operations on the move in even the most challenging terrain, the M-ATV SFV variant uses the Oshkosh TAK-4 independent suspension system to deliver a 70 percent off-road profile capability. The M-ATV SFV has an advanced crew protection system including a modular armor design and other survivability features to protect occupants from IEDs and other threats.
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The mine resistant ambush protected–all terrain vehicle, or M-ATV, by Oshkosh Defense is designed to protect occupants if an IED detonates beneath the hulking transport. The MRAP All-Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV) Special Forces Vehicle (SFV) can move at speeds up to 65 mph. It can run 320 miles on a tankful. It has a 13-inch ground clearance, a V-hull and armor, all helpful in protecting personnel from IED blasts. The M-ATV seats up to four and a gunner. Oshkosh Defense worked closely with Special Operations Command (SOCOM) to develop the M-ATV SFV to meet highly specialized mission requirements. The Oshkosh M-ATV is the lightest, most mobile MRAP vehicle operated in the U.S. armed
M-ATV The M-ATV base variant was tailored for the special forces to include a modified cargo deck, which allows the vehicle to accept specialized equipment, and larger front windscreens for increased visibility and situational awareness. The M-ATV SFV variant uses a 370-horsepower diesel engine and has seating capacity www.SOTECH-kmi.com
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for five passengers. The vehicle has a curb weight of less than 27,500 pounds and can transport payloads of up to 4,000 pounds. Oshkosh has delivered more than 8,700 M-ATVs to date, including 460 M-ATV SFVs. Oshkosh also makes the SandCat special operations vehicle (SOV). The SandCat can be carried to the fight by the CH-53, CH-47 or MH-47. This is a protected, highly maneuverable vehicle designed for unique and highly demanding special operations around the world. The SandCat SOV provides an open platform for quick crew egress, easy weapons mounting and optimal situational awareness. The vehicle’s compact design allows special forces and rapid-response units to operate with agility in restrictive urban environments as well as rugged rural landscapes. The SandCat SOV’s blast-management system includes a V-shaped belly deflector, impact-absorbing seats, advanced suppression systems and composite materials to absorb and deflect blasts. And as with other Oshkosh SandCat vehicles, the SOV’s survivability features can be adjusted to meet the payload needs and threat levels of specific missions. The SandCat SOV uses a 325-horsepower V8 diesel engine and moves at up to 75 mph. The vehicle weighs 11,000 pounds, has a payload capacity of 5,000 pounds, and can carry up to five passengers. The vehicle also is built around commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components to provide ease of maintenance globally.
RP Advanced Mobile Systems The StrikeRazor is a four-person side-byside configured LTV/UTV that can have five or six passengers if the rear-facing seat option is installed. The vehicle is designed as a multirole tactical support platform equipped with a unique protective front cargo system, innovative rear utility flatbed and lateral team standoff nerf rock-slider platforms. Specialized equipage includes such assets as FLIR, telescopic spotlight, LCS commo, area lighting, tracker lighting, blackout capability, enhanced RP Black Series MSI suspension, articulating CV-22 Osprey-compatible roll cage and the only available military exclusive 12-ply rated lightweight run-flat tires. All this makes StrikeRazor a formidable system for special operations.
Supacat It weighs 3,800 pounds, with a payload of up to 3,200 pounds (and able to tow 4,800 pounds), yet it can float on water. It’s the Supacat 6x6 MKIII all-terrain mobility vehicle, with a 78 hp engine that can move it at 40 mph. The vehicle can carry a crew of two plus up to eight personnel, and it has an 8.5-inch ground clearance. Supacat also makes other military vehicles .
Polaris With an 800 cc high output twin fourstroke gasoline (87-89 octane) engine, the Ranger RZR-SW can move two combatants at up to 68 mph. It can carry up to 1,000 pounds payload, and tow another 1,500 pounds. It offers four-wheel independent suspension with a foot of wheel travel, in a vehicle that weighs just 1,112 pounds. It has a 13-inch ground clearance. Transportable in a Chinook, it has on-demand all wheel drive. It can carry two personnel. 14 | SOTECH 10.3
TMV Then there is the TMV, a special forces/ reconnaissance 6x6 military vehicle made by TMV. It has twin V-hull construction for superior protection against an IED blast, with a vehicle shape that helps to dissipate the blast at the point of impact and also at the base of the passenger cell. Armor is both steel and composite materials, with smart strike face material from Plasan. The vehicle also doesn’t pound the ground as much as some military rides, so there can be less chance of sufficiently heavy pressure to trigger roadside mines. And when an IED does detonate, the driver and commander seats are well aft of the front wheels, limiting the amount of blast force transmitted to them. The vehicle can be set for a lower ground clearance for high-speed driving (up to 85 mph), or for a high clearance in an area where IEDs are expected. The vehicle is available in several variants, including armored personnel carrier, ambulance, utility vehicle and more. While it may be seen often in a six-wheel configuration, it also is available as a four-wheel or eight-wheel asset. It has all-wheel steering. Power comes from a mid-mounted Cummins ISBe5 in-line four cylinder, 4,500 cc turbocharged, water-cooled diesel engine putting out 200 hp. But other engines can be ordered, if that would fit better with a military organization’s logistics chain. Power then flows through an Allison six-speed transmission. The range is 700 miles. And this vehicle has something more commonly associated with muscle cars: Brembo ventilated disc brakes with twin-piston calipers. Empty, the TMV weighs 7,716 pounds. It can carry more than its weight with 8,819 pounds payload onboard, and it can tow 11,023 pounds. For fording, it can move through water 700 to 800 mm deep. The TMV can be air transported on a Hercules C-130, a Boeing C-17 or an A400M. O For more information, contact SOTECH Editor Dave Ahearn at email@example.com or search our online archives for related stories at www.sotech-kmi.com.
Systems lighten the load while giving warfighters electrifying support. By Henry Canaday SOTECH Correspondent
The Marine Corps is focusing on lightening loads for power needs, according to Michael Gallagher, program manager for expeditionary power systems at Marine Corps Systems Command. For individual Marines, this means reducing unique batteries, using a central energy source rather than distributed energy sources, harvesting energy on the move and using rechargeable batteries. Future Marine equipment will require both energy and weight reduction. Solar panels have been fielded to recharge batteries and power radios and computers on long-duration missions and in observation positions. The Marines have standardized and deployed a family of vehicle-mounted and suitcase-portable battery chargers that can charge all batteries for equipment with rechargeable batteries. Power requirements for individual Marines have increased due to more communication, situational awareness and war fighting capabilities. So the Corps is focusing on battery weight. Rechargeable batteries and solar-powered battery chargers have reduced weight for long-duration missions. Collaborative research with the Navy and Army focuses on lightening loads with advanced batteries and centralized batteries with wearable power distribution. The Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory recently experimented with a small, highefficiency solar panel worn on the back of body armor and charging batteries on the move. www.SOTECH-kmi.com
Private firms look at the challenge very similarly and are working on all fronts. Phil Robinson, vice president Defense Power Systems of Protonex Technology, said, “A typical special operator carries a flashlight with CR-123 batteries, night vision goggles with AA batteries, squad radio with proprietary battery, SatCom radio with BA-5590 battery, small computer with a proprietary battery and smart-phone with proprietary battery.” Add in an unmanned aerial system ground station with BA-5590, unmanned vehicles with proprietary batteries and protective sensors with AA batteries, and Robinson estimates each soldier carries 45 pounds of batteries. “Reducing the variety of battery types is critical,” he emphasized. Robinson argues that intelligent power management can “universalize” energy and recharge batteries mid-mission from any alternative or conventional power source. And three power sources can also reduce weight: solar power, new-chemistry batteries and fuel cells. Special Operations Command and Army airborne units are now deploying intelligent power managers like Protonex’s SPM612 (Squad Power Manager). The SPM-612 weighs less than a pound and takes energy from many sources, including solar, vehicle, fuel cells and scavenged energy. It automatically converts energy into whatever is needed, charging AA, CR-123, BB-2590 or proprietary batteries—or powering lights, radios, computers and phones. SOTECH 10.3 | 15
Solar arrays turn sunlight into low-cost, non-polluting power. [Photo courtesy of Earl Energy]
The SPM-612 can shuttle energy between devices, powering any piece of gear from any battery, and charge any rechargeable battery from any other battery. With six bidirectional ports, the SPM-612 can power or charge five devices or batteries from one source simultaneously. The SPM-612 is part of a power management kit (PMK), customized for each type of user. Tested in 2009, a couple hundred PMKs have been deployed in theater. Robinson said SPM-612 works well with the Army’s Soldier Worn Integrated Power Equipment System (SWIPES), which distributes power but does not harvest energy. Protonex’s Vest Power Manager is a cross between SPM and SWIPES, automatically sensing and supplying power needs. New-chemistry batteries typically increase energy density by 30 to 50 percent at a time. The newest battery, BA-5390, can replace the BA-5590. But Robinson said only a small portion of gear is powered by the -5590. The Army’s Program Executive Office Soldier recently fielded fuel cells based on methanol and propane, including the Protonex M300. Weighing 36 pounds, the M300 uses four-hour methanol fuel cartridges, each of which has the energy of six BA-5590 batteries but weighs and costs a third as much. The M300 is still in early development. It can be integrated with SOCOM river craft to power communications, sensors and weapons with main engines off, reducing fuel consumption and thermal and audible signatures. The Army is a major customer of Arotech, which makes highdensity zinc-air batteries, lithium-based batteries and chargers as well as the Army’s SWIPES, Ronen Badichi, manager of Arotech’s Battery Division, noted. “We make a large range of batteries: under-vehicle batteries of 150kW weighing two tons, cellular batteries, batteries for long-endurance UAVs [unmanned aerial vehicles], batteries for communications, laser designators and night vision goggles, and batteries for Army electric vehicles,” Badichi said. 16 | SOTECH 10.3
Marines use a power management kit that includes a solar-array blanket to power EOD equipment. [Photo courtesy of DoD]
Arotech has developed a very safe high-energy battery for underwater vehicles with remote electric controls on each battery cell and a unique light oil to prevent fire. Another new Arotech development is a battery to start up tanks with a 3,000-amp spike. “Tanks need a very brief but high spike to start,” Badichi explained. “In the last war, we could not move eight big batteries to start a tank. Now we have one that can be carried by one soldier. It can work up to 30 times on tanks.” Arotech is working on a very inexpensive lithium-air battery for vehicles. The Brunton Group makes solar panels and battery packs that can power iPods, personal devices or laptop PCs. “We customize them to needs, depending on what has to be powered, how often it will be used and how often it will be charged,” said Senior Product Manager Chris Currah. For example, Brunton’s large Impel2 panel supplies 95 watts and 19 volts for laptops. Brunton’s solar panels are light and flexible, made of thin but durable film. Copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) construction enables panels to collect power efficiently in both high- and low-light conditions. www.SOTECH-kmi.com
Brunton uses lithium polymer batteries that pose fewer fire risks than lithium ion batteries and have a higher energyto-weight density. Small units power iPods and cell phones, medium-sized batteries power digital cameras, and larger ones handle laptops. Brunton does not supply military markets yet, but seeks to do that. “We have the experience and can match the solution to the need,” Currah stressed. Saft makes battery and energy storage “from thumb-sized for night vision goggles to those for tanks,” Jim Hess, director of defense sales, explained. HMMWVs now use two 6T batteries, each weighing almost 90 pounds, to produce 24 volts. Saft’s Improved Battery System (IBS) weighs 50 pounds and can in many cases do the work of two 6Ts. The lithium ion IBS has just been delivered to the Marines for field tests. IBS can also handle many more cycles of running down batteries with engines off before re-starting engines. “Lead acid batteries can do that 80 times,” Hess noted. “We can do that 800 or 1,600 times.” IBS is best suited for HMMWVs and other vehicles that frequently have engines shut down while sensors and other gear still run. Saft has also produced an enhanced 6T that sends data on battery state to the driver so he can take action if power is low. Tank-automotive and Armaments Command (TACOM) is interested in this version. Saft has developed a new power package for scout missions. Hess said the military now uses parts not optimized for seeing at night. “We have the advanced lithium power source that can use AC or DC power, or solar if you have it,” he continued. Saft is eager to demonstrate the advantage of the system, which can store 2.5 kWh. WorldWater & Solar Technologies’ mobile infrastructure division combines solar with water pumping on-site to deliver power, water and water purification anywhere, said Melissa Burns, vice president for business development. The largest unit, Mobile MaxPure, can provide up to 3 kW of power, 30,000 gallons per day of pure potable water from fresh water or 3,000 to 4,000 gallons from saline water. It is suitable for forward operating bases (FOBs). Under the Prepositioned Expeditionary Assistance Kit program, similar units provide 2 kW of power and up to 1,500 daily gallons of purified water. The much smaller Solar Hybrid Expeditionary Power and Purification System (SHEPS) comes in two rolling suitcases. SHEPS can run off solar, vehicle or other power sources and yield 100 to 450 gallons of water a day. “It is good for special operations; they can be self-sufficient in water,” Burns said. “It minimizes logistics burden for power and water.” WorldWater is now working on a prototype of SHEPS after getting feedback from SOCOM. The firm is also working to equip expeditionary vehicles with the same sort of power and water capabilities. BAE Systems makes the Integrated Power Source (IPS) that includes a variable-frequency, high-efficiency diesel generator, the same type that is used on BAE’s hybrid busses in commercial markets. Director of Product Technology Michael Mekhiche said this generator is 2 to 5 percent more fuel-efficient than the towed, fixed-frequency tactical generators now used by the U.S. military and weighs only 25 to 30 percent as much. www.SOTECH-kmi.com
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IPS also interfaces with grids and solar panels and has an advanced power management system that taps the most efficient power source and shuts down less-critical equipment when power is limited. “It’s perfect for FOBs and can pull power from different sources and prioritize load,” Mekhiche noted. IPS also can charge batteries for individual soldiers. BAE has developed a small generator that can add power to M109A6 Paladin artillery for air conditioning, communication or other power demands. Like IPS, it can export power to recharge batteries of individual soldiers. An onboard management system optimizes engine operation. IPS is being demonstrated and BAE is looking for a customer. The Paladin generator has finished qualification and the next step is production. “The path forward is to take commercial systems and embed them on military vehicles to reduce fuel and add power,” Mekhiche argued. “It is much better to have power embedded on vehicles than on towed generators.” DHS Technologies makes the Deployable Rapid Assembly Shelter (DRASH) that comes with trailer-mounted generators, explained spokesman Ken Sincerbox. It has developed intelligent power technology (IPT) that links up with local microgrids to minimize fuel use for these shelters. The Army’s Standard Integrated Command Post System uses DHS’s Trailer Mounted Support System (TMSS) along
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with Northrop Grumman’s Command Post Platform for rapidly deployable command and control. TMSS has been fielded to all combat brigades in Afghanistan and Iraq. The DRASH tents are so flexible they have also been used for hospitals, UAV maintenance facilities and a host of other applications. IPT has been deployed with high-altitude air defense systems and is used with Northrop’s long endurance multi intelligence vehicle. Earl Energy is part of Earl Industries, a major naval construction contractor. Earl Energy CEO Josh Prueher said his company has thorough experience in field power requirements for the military and specializes in getting products quickly to the field. Earl makes a series of very rugged hybridized diesel generators with lithium ion batteries and electric controls that save fuel and reduce maintenance costs. Earl’s FlexGen systems retrofit on existing generators to avoid purchase of new generators. The equipment varies in size from 240 kW suitable for companylevel bases to 3 kW man-portable units. The generators can also charge batteries for individual soldiers. Demonstrations report fuel reductions of 60 to 70 percent. Most of that gain comes from hybridizing power with battery storage. A much smaller portion comes from tapping solar and other renewable sources. Earl is working with the Rapid Equipping Force (REF) and SOCOM on evaluating FlexGen in Afghanistan. Solar Stik makes 1 kW to 5 kW solar and multi-fuel systems. Chief Executive Officer Albert Zaccor said Solar Stik equipment is small enough to be carried by two men, and a new model will be man-portable. Solar Stik works with solar, wind, fuel cells and traditional grids. The company makes all components of these systems and can mix components to match needs. Commercial off-the-shelf technologies are used, so Solar Stik products can be used with other original equipment manufacturer’s systems. The company has produced a new 3 kW hybrid system for the Army that runs off batteries until batteries are low, when generators recharge batteries. In tests, the system runs generators one-third of the day, saving two-thirds of fuel consumption. The REF is doing a pilot test in Afghanistan Solar Stik is partnering with Qinetiq on a 1 kW generator that can use jet fuel. It is also working on a shift away from leadacid batteries toward iron-phosphate batteries. O
For more information, contact SOTECH Editor Dave Ahearn at firstname.lastname@example.org or search our online archives for related stories at www.sotech-kmi.com.
Cluck sees need for undersea platform, more R&D funds; he cautions on protests.
By Dave Ahearn SOTECH Editor The top SOCOM procurement professional took an hour to explain to roughly 300 defense contractors what he expects from them, and what they should expect from SOCOM. James W. Cluck, acquisition executive with Special Operations Command, spoke at a breakfast organized by the National Defense Industrial Association special operations/low intensity conflict division. These were some of his key points: • After a decade of wars on land, SOCOM needs to focus on obtaining a platform to move SEALs undersea, to and from their objectives. • Cost is not the be-all decider of what SOCOM buys. Rather, SOCOM procurement professionals will make contract award decisions increasingly on what provides best value to special operators. • Further, cost to purchase a system is just one factor; SOCOM is going to look very closely at what it costs to operate and maintain a system over many years, in deciding whether a given product is affordable. • SOCOM is seen as the cutting edge in obtaining pioneering military hardware systems before the big services—but it becomes increasingly difficult for SOCOM to do that when its R&D budget is withering. The R&D budget needs to be increased. • In a way, during the dearth of funds for SOCOM to research and develop systems, it is good that industry is spending its own money to develop hardware. But the problem is, industry may develop something that special operators can’t use—creating a high risk situation for both companies and SOCOM. • A contractor has every right to protest a contract award to a competitor company or team if SOCOM procurement officials have performed improperly. But some protests involving only complaints about a cost basis (where the protester has underbid a competitor) aren’t valid, and only serve to waste 100 days while the Government Accountability Office (GAO), the referee agency, rules on the protest—delaying SOCOM in getting vitally needed systems into special operators’ hands. www.SOTECH-kmi.com
SEAL Delivery System One major new area of emphasis for SOCOM after a decade of wars on land in Afghanistan and Iraq will be a focus on obtaining undersea capabilities for SEALs, Cluck announced. “We spent the last 10 years without the sea in SEALs,” he said. “We have got to get back to” a maritime special ops capability, and that means a renewed focus on undersea systems. He recalled that a catastrophic fire struck an earlier undersea transport platform, the Northrop Grumman advanced seal delivery system, in December 2008. “We lost our capability,” he James W. Cluck recalled, so the focus now must shift to the joint multi-mission submersible, a program that has continued for more than three years. For lack of money, SOCOM dropped plans for a dry combat submersible-light plus a dry combat submersible-medium, and settled for just the medium undersea SEAL transport. Working with the Naval Sea Systems Command, “our intent would be to build a prototype,” Cluck said.
Cost Just One Factor In procurement, what’s critical is not only the price to buy a system, but also the cost of operating it over time. “Clearly we’ve bought some things in the past 10 years that we can’t sustain” because they are so costly to operate and maintain, Cluck recalled. That means that in future acquisition decisions at SOCOM, “Clearly, life cycle sustainment [expense] is going to be a critical issue,” he explained. When it comes time to award a contact, “We won’t sign off on the acquisition side” without first seeing what the cost will be to operate and maintain the system, he cautioned the contractors. “I SOTECH 10.3 | 19
pass that on to you for you to consider,” he added. SOCOM doesn’t wish to buy what it can’t afford, he said. More generally, Cluck said SOCOM must concentrate on buying what provides best value for warfighters, rather than focusing on the price while ignoring what the government is getting for its money. He pointed to the “expertise of government teams doing the evaluations,” adding that “we have to get back to a best value environment.”
Industry vs. SOCOM Development Cluck issued a clear call for increased funding for SOCOM research and development programs, while saying that industry developing new platforms is a risky business—risky both for the company involved and for SOCOM. In a candid comment, Cluck told the contractors that “you’re going to sell me what you make, even if it isn’t what we asked for. You think what you make is great,” which is fine, but the system must work for warfighters. When Special Operations Technology asked Cluck after the breakfast about industry developing systems on its own dime, and whether that can be helpful, he replied, “Oh, yeah.” However, he added, “It’s just very stressful for them. You [in industry] don’t know what we’re going to buy. That’s the problem.” A company may spend a substantial sum developing something that SOCOM doesn’t need. To lessen that risk, it is beneficial for a company to work with SOCOM on how to meet special operators’ needs, he said. “There’s ways for them to get a better idea, cooperative research and development agreements and like that, or tools that they can use to figure out what we might like,” he said. Even then, there are no guarantees that SOCOM will procure the resultant system. “It’s stressful,” he observed. “That’s why I have a concern” about companies doing their own R&D. SOCOM needs increased R&D funding so that it can continue to provide special operators with cutting-edge systems, he noted. “But it’s hard to do that when your R&D [funding] is shrinking.” He recalled that about 13 percent of one armed service’s fiscal 2013 budget request he examined went to R&D, while SOCOM is earmarking only about 5 percent of its budget request for R&D to develop the new, cutting-edge systems that combatants require in the fight. “That to me is one of the biggest concerns I have,” he said. It is imperative “to get our RDT&E [research, development, testing and evaluation] budget back up.”
Protests Only If Valid Cluck also told the contractors that protesting when they lose a competition to gain a contract is reasonable if there is a valid basis for the complaint to the GAO. But otherwise, he stressed, an invalid protest only means SOCOM loses 100 days in getting sometimes vitally needed hardware or other items to special operators around the world, including those in combat zones. “If we have to have a system in the field … I can’t wait 100 days” for the GAO to rule on a protest, he argued. A protest, he observed, “not only slows us down, it slows you down” in moving forward from a contract award decision. 20 | SOTECH 10.3
SEALs prepare to launch a SEAL Delivery Vehicle from the USS Philadelphia. James Cluck, acquisition executive with SOCOM, aims to emphasize SEAL undersea systems. [Photo courtesy of U.S. Navy]
To be sure, he said, a protest can be valid and proper “if the company was injured” by some improper action by procurement officials, such as if “data was manipulated” in deciding which rival firm or team of companies should receive the contract. For his part, Cluck said when a contract is about to be awarded, he wants the SOCOM acquisition team to come to him and tell him why choosing a specific product provides best value to SOCOM and special operators.
Open, Clear Procurement Cluck promised the contractors that SOCOM is working to simplify key performance parameters and other procurement requirements, calling on acquisition personnel to write tight requests for information or proposals. Some RFPs can run on for hundreds of pages. And he said the documents also will be improved to give contractors a clear sense of priorities—which requirements are of paramount performance, which are necessary and which are of lesser import. Often, he told the vendors, “you don’t know which ones are more important than others,” a situation Cluck wishes to remedy. And within individual requirements, “we’ve got to come up with a specific” ordering of “what objectives and thresholds are within each one of those.” In a proper procurement process, “hopefully we’ve told you what’s important” among the many requirements in a massive document, he told the contractors. Cluck also invited contractors to meet with him at his office in Tampa, Fla. He is available to speak to industry representatives every Wednesday—not for them to sell him things, but for them to describe what they see on their side of the acquisition process, he explained. O For more information, contact SOTECH Editor Dave Ahearn at email@example.com or search our online archives for related stories at www.sotech-kmi.com.
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What’s Hot in Special Operations Gear
Intel System Mounted on UAS
New Lithium Ion Battery Introduced for Military Vehicles
AeroVironment Inc. unveiled a new miniature gimbaled sensor payload on the battle-proven RQ-11B Raven small unmanned aircraft system at the Army Aviation Association of America Annual Professional Forum and Exposition. The modular payload includes a high-resolution color and an infrared thermal video sensor, as well as a laser illuminator integrated into a multi-axis sphere capable of continuous pan. The new payload will become a standard component of future Raven systems and will be sold as an upgrade for previously fielded units. Upgrading existing digital Raven systems to accommodate the new payload requires only a software update to each air vehicle and ground control station. The new payload is one of four products offered in AeroVironment’s “Mantis” suite of gimbaled sensor payloads now available for commercial applications including unmanned aircraft systems, manned aircraft, ground vehicles and watercraft. A gimbaled sensor payload enhances the Raven system’s capabilities by allowing a higher level of visual fidelity and continuous observation of an item of interest regardless of the air vehicle’s flight direction. The new payload also replaces two separate Raven system payloads previously required for day and night operation, one containing a stationary electro-optical sensor, the other a stationary infrared sensor. Flight algorithms allow the air vehicle to manage its own flight path based on what the user wants to see, rather than requiring the user to control both the air vehicle and the sensor separately. Tom Herring, AeroVironment senior vice president and general manager of its Unmanned Aircraft Systems business segment, said, “Operators rely on the portable Raven system to provide critical, live aerial video that gives troops situational awareness, whenever and wherever they need it. Our new mini-gimbal payload significantly increases the Raven system’s capability and can be quickly and easily integrated into the thousands of digitally enabled air vehicles already deployed. The net result is a more capable solution for protecting and serving the warfighter for a fraction of the cost of a new system.” Integrating the new gimbaled sensor payload marks the fourth upgrade to the Raven system since its introduction in 2003 and follows the successful introduction of AeroVironment’s digital data link to replace the Raven system’s original analog communication modules. “By continuously working with customers to understand their needs and desires and improving the Raven system to address them, AeroVironment continues to deliver cost-effective solutions that help them succeed,” said Herring.
A123 Systems introduced the Military 6T Battery, a robust battery system engineered specifically to meet the demanding requirements of military vehicle applications. The firm’s new solution is designed as a direct replacement for 6T lead acid batteries currently deployed in military vehicles, delivering a longerlasting, lighter-weight system for engine start and enabling longerduration silent watch functionality. “There are nearly 800,000 6T batteries currently deployed in U.S. military vehicles, and in 2010 alone, the military purchased about 300,000 6T batteries,” said Les Alexander, general manager for the Government Solutions Group at A123. “Virtually all of these are lead acid, so we believe this creates a significant opportunity for our lighterweight, longer-lasting, higher-performance lithium iron phosphate Military 6T Battery.” He said the new battery has been demonstrated in a HMMWV. “We have begun delivering 6T systems to a number of defense contractors so they can evaluate its performance as a first step toward potential high-volume production,” he said. “We believe we can leverage our expertise in developing industry-leading products for commercial markets as well as our vertically integrated manufacturing capabilities to deliver systems that will complement the DoD’s strategy for deploying more energy-efficient technologies.” The Military 6T Battery is offered in both a 12V and 24V model to accommodate specific vehicle requirements. Standard features and benefits of each of A123’s 6T battery models include:
22 | SOTECH 10.3
• Longer Cycle and Calendar Life: A123’s Military 6T Battery systems are designed to perform significantly more depth of discharge cycles compared to other battery technologies. A123’s lithium iron phosphate military batteries also deliver superior calendar life, lasting significantly longer than the most advanced lead acid batteries. This reduces battery replacement costs, enables vehicles to operate for longer periods of time and reduces life cycle cost. • Greater Charge Acceptance Rate: A123’s lithium ion technology is capable of rapid charging, and it also delivers more power when the engine is off to facilitate longer-duration silent watch capabilities. • Reduced Weight: A123’s Military 6T Battery is about 50 percent lighter than lead acid battery systems, offering significant weight savings for transport to the battlefield. This improves fuel economy and packing efficiency of the transport vehicle, which allows for fewer trips into hostile areas. • Intelligent Battery Management System: In addition to lithium iron phosphate cells, A123’s Military 6T Batteries are equipped with robust battery management electronics that help balance and safeguard the cells, in addition to providing built-in system level safety features for under/over voltage cutoff, overcharge and over-temperature protection. The battery management system also communicates diagnostics, state-of-charge information and current and voltage measurements during silent watch, maximizing the performance of the Military 6T Battery when operating communications, surveillance and other equipment while the vehicle’s engine is not running.
Compiled by KMI Media Group staff
SUAS Wins Border Security Prize
Aurora Flight Science’s Skate small unmanned air vehicle system (SUAS) was awarded first place in the 2012 Border Security Technology/Product Challenge at the 2012 Border Security Expo in Phoenix, Ariz., the company announced. The top prize is awarded to a technology or product that best demonstrates innovation in the border security arena. “Aurora is very proud to have won this prestigious award,” said Carl Schaefer, director of small UAS products at Aurora. “The Skate SUAS is an ideal platform for gathering secure, real-time intelligence and surveillance data to assist the Department of Homeland Security in accomplishing its mission of securing our borders and stemming the flow of contraband.” The Skate SUAS is an electric-powered, lightweight, portable system that easily fits in a small rucksack. Its modular design enables assembly and launch in less than two minutes. Its unique VTOL capabilities allow it to be launched and recovered from urban areas, confined spaces and vehicles, with no dedicated launch or recovery equipment. With an endurance of over one hour, speeds from hover to over 50 knots,
and a total air vehicle weight of only two pounds, Skate can carry a variety of available payloads to areas of interest up to five kilometers away. Available payloads include full-motion color video payload pods; electro optical/ infrared (IR) payload pods with long wave IR cameras with resolutions up to 640 lines; and high-definition video payload pods capable of recording video at 1080p and taking still photographs with 5 megapixel resolution. Payload pods are swappable in less than one minute, allowing the operator to tailor the Skate system to rapidly changing mission needs. The Skate system uses a digital data link to securely transmit both video and data up to 5 km from the ground control station (GCS). AES128/AES256 key encryption and a variety of operational frequencies are available. Skate’s GCS supports fully autonomous waypoint navigation as well as stabilized, “fly-the-camera” manual flight control. The hand controller included with the system uses a high-resolution, daylight viewable, on-screen display that does not require a hood to view video in bright daylight.
Cameras Can Spot Pirate Vessels on Crowded Seas New smart cameras will be able to aid SEALs by picking out pirate boats on crowded seas, according to the Office of Naval Research. ONR explained that the system, mounted on a Fire Scout unmanned helicopter, begins tests this summer. Called the Multi-Mode Sensor Seeker (MMSS), the sensor is a mix of high-definition cameras, mid-wave infrared sensors and laser-radar (LADAR) technology. Carrying advanced automatic target recognition software, the sensor prototype will allow Fire Scout to autonomously identify small boats on the water, reducing the workload of sailors operating the robotic vertical lift aircraft from control stations aboard Navy ships. “Sailors who control robotic systems can become overloaded with data, often sifting through hours of streaming video searching for a single ship,” said Ken Heeke, program officer in ONR’s Naval Air Warfare and Weapons Department. “The automatic target recognition software gives Fire Scout the ability to distinguish target boats in congested coastal waters using LADAR, and it sends that information to human operators, who can then analyze those vessels in a 3-D picture.” When pirates on a boat are spotted, a mission can be launched to neutralize them. Navy-developed target recognition algorithms aboard Fire Scout will exploit the 3-D data collected by the LADAR, utilizing a long-range, high-res, eye-safe laser. The software compares the 3-D imagery to vessel templates or schematics stored in the system’s memory. “The 3-D data gives you a leg up on target identification,” said Dean Cook, principal investigator for the MMSS program at Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (NAWCWD). “Infrared and visible cameras produce 2-D pictures, and objects in them can be difficult to automatically identify. With LADAR data, each pixel corresponds to a 3-D point in space, so the automatic target recognition algorithm can calculate the dimensions of an object and compare them to those in a database.” The algorithms have been successfully tested in shore-based systems against vessels at sea. The software is being integrated into a BRITE Star II turret by a team from NAWCWD, Raytheon, FLIR Systems, BAE Systems and Utah State University for airborne testing aboard a manned test helicopter. The flight assessment will be conducted against groups of approximately seven small boats in a military sea range off the California coast later this summer.
SOTECH 10.3 | 23
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SOCCENT Poised for Missions in Theater, While Forging Ties with Partners Major General Ken Tovo Commander Special Operations Command Central Major General Ken Tovo was commissioned from the United States Military Academy into the Infantry in 1983. After serving his initial tour with the 82nd Airborne Division, Tovo completed the Special Forces Qualification Course and transferred to the Special Forces. He served as a Special Forces Detachment, Company, Battalion and Group commander in the 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne). Additional assignments include serving as a plans and operations officer with 1st SFOD-Delta, the United States Special Operations Command, and Joint Headquarters Center (NATO), as well as the aide-de-camp to the commander, SFOR, in Bosnia; chief of staff, U.S. Army Special Operations Command; deputy commanding general, Special Operations Command Europe (SOCEUR); deputy commanding general, 1st Armored Division in Wiesbaden, Germany, and U.S. DivisionCenter, Iraq. He is currently the commanding general of Special Operations Command Central. Tovo participated in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, refugee relief operations in Northern Iraq, noncombatant evacuation operations from Sierra Leone, peacekeeping operations in Bosnia on two occasions, and five tours in Iraq for Operation Iraqi Freedom/New Dawn. His awards and decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star, the Combat Infantryman’s Badge, the Master Parachutist Badge, and the Special Forces and Ranger Tabs. He holds master’s degrees from the U.S. Army War College and the Army Command and General Staff College. Q: As you settle into your new command after your service as an assistant division commander in Germany, what new initiatives are you pursuing in SOCCENT? A: I was fortunate to inherit a solid campaign plan and robust operational footprint from my predecessor, which included several distributed command and control nodes [SOC Forwards] across the CENTCOM theater. SOC Forwards provide daily oversight of SOF operations, actions and activities, ensuring they contribute to the lines of effort and are nested within the chief of mission’s country action plan. While we’ve refined some aspects of the plan, we’ve concentrated most of our efforts on planning future activities that will contribute to achieving our operational objectives, as well as developing a variety of contingency plans to meet potential emerging requirements. As Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta stated, “We are no longer in the Cold War. This is more like the Blizzard War—a blizzard of challenges that draw speed and intensity from terrorism, from www.SOTECH-kmi.com
rapidly developing technologies, and the rising number of powers on the world stage.” As many of the current blizzard of challenges emanate from the CENTCOM AOR, we’re spending a large portion of our staff effort against contingency planning. We’ve also put major effort into improving the SOC’s ability to perform duties as a joint task force/CFSOCC headquarters for major contingency operations. We’ve embarked on a significant training, education and exercise program to focus on these mission requirements. The program will culminate with CENTCOM’s Eager Lion exercise, in which SOCCENT will serve as the Joint Task Force headquarters. Q: What adjustments has SOCCENT made after the drawdown of forces in Iraq? A: We remain committed to supporting the Iraqi SOF units that were developed over the course of Operation Iraqi Freedom. I envision that in the near future we will commence traditional theater engagement activities in Iraq with our partners. Until that time, we will seek opportunities to work with them outside of Iraq, during regional exercises, such as the upcoming Eager Lion exercise, conferences and other forums. Of course, the elimination of the large commitment of U.S. SOF in Iraq has allowed us to more actively engage with other key regional partners, such as the United Arab Emirates [UAE], other Gulf state SOF, Jordan and Lebanon, while still providing a lower demand signal on the force providers. SOTECH 10.3 | 25
Q: What adjustments do you expect SOCCENT will make as forces draw down in Afghanistan? Will departure of regular forces mean an even faster operational tempo for special operators in Operation Enduring Freedom? A: We remain committed to security and stability in Afghanistan. Over the period of the drawdown, our special operators will continue to develop Afghan commandos. Additionally, the Village Stability Program is a key line of effort in the current campaign plan. I expect we will see continued focus on developing the Afghan local police that support this effort to establish local security, development and linkages to the district government. Overall, I expect the commitment of SOF to remain at or near the current levels; however, as conventional forces draw down, proportionally SOF will U.S. special forces train Afghan warriors. [Photo courtesy of DoD] become a significantly larger component of one is deployed one day longer than they need to be to complete the force. It is too soon to predict the exact nature or scope of our the mission. efforts past 2013, as it depends on the outcome of national decisions. I expect we will continue to support the Afghan SOF in some Q: What role does SOCCENT play in training special operations manner, just as we do other regional partners. forces of other nations, such as the Jordanian special operations personnel? Q: Admiral Eric Olson and Admiral Bill McRaven, the former and current SOCOM commanders, have expressed concerns A: Whether it is characterized as foreign internal defense [FID] or that after a decade of war, special operators may not remain in building partner capacity, training partner nation forces is a core special operations units. What steps are you taking to assist spespecial operations task for theater SOF. SOCCENT has a longcial operators, such as ensuring sufficient dwell time between standing relationship with Jordanian SOF that has benefited both deployments? of our forces. They have been a very capable partner in Afghanistan, and bring a knowledge of the religion and culture that is a A: I certainly share their concerns; the operational requirements force multiplier. Similarly, we have a growing relationship with for special operations forces remain high. Our nation faces irreguground and aviation UAE SOF that are filling a significant role in lar threats around the globe and SOF are uniquely suited to this Afghanistan. Probably the most dramatic example of SOCCENTâ€™s kind of warfare. It is no secret that a significant portion of the role in developing partner forces is the continued effectiveness demand on the force is from the CENTCOM theater. While the of the Iraqi Special Operations Forces, the Emergency Response drawdown in Iraq has helped diminish that demand, Afghanistan Brigade, and special weapons and tactics, or SWAT, units across the remains a significant commitment. Additionally, the environment country. All of these units were essentially created from scratch by throughout the Middle East is uncertain. I personally believe that SOF elements, then trained, advised and mentored over a period in the long run, the Arab Spring will have a positive impact on of years. Today, they are competent, professional forces, providing the lives of the regionâ€™s population and result in a move toward security to their country, with minimal U.S. assistance. greater freedom. In the short term, we are seeing the turbulence and uncertainty that follows the collapse of authoritarian regimes; Q: Exercise Eager Lion, a joint exercise of the United States and we saw some of the same dynamics in the Balkans and Eastern the Kingdom of Jordan, will be held in Jordan this May. Can you Europe with the collapse of communism. Extremist groups and describe what sort of personnel this will involve? unfriendly nations see an opportunity in this uncertain environment to achieve their goals. It is in our nationâ€™s interest to commit A: Exercise Eager Lion 12 includes more than 15 countries from resources in support of partner nations to help them manage this five different continents and more than 10,000 participants. The transition. Often that requires SOF to work with partner nation focus of Eager Lion is to strengthen military-to-military relationforces to develop or improve their capability to provide security ships of participating partner nations through a joint, whole-offor their population. government, multinational approach. The exercise scenario is My responsibility to the force providers is to ensure that designed to portray realistic, modern-day security challenges, this command rigorously examines each force requirement to primarily in an irregular warfare environment. The exercise ensure it is appropriately scoped, both in size and duration. My promotes cooperation and interoperability among participating commitment to our SOF warriors and their families is that I will forces, builds functional capacity, practices crisis management and continually evaluate our deployed force structure to ensure no 26 | SOTECH 10.3
enhances readiness. Exercises such as this develop strong relationships with partners and allies, yielding significant dividends in a crisis. Q: What types of ground vehicles, aircraft and maritime assets will be included? A: Eager Lion will include a wide variety of air, land and sea assets coordinated by the Combined Joint Task Force, integrating full spectrum operations into a combined arms exercise. This year, more than five vessels and personnel from six countries will participate in maritime operations based out of the Royal Jordanian Naval Base at Aqaba. Maritime forces will be present to exercise Visit, Board, Search and Seizure and counter-piracy operations and will work closely with partner nations throughout the Gulf of Aqaba. Additionally, the land component will be comprised of a mixture of special operations forces and Marines from the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit, or MEU. Throughout multiple training areas in Jordan, these forces will exercise armor, artillery, engineer and mechanized assets for the duration of the exercise in order to help promote interoperability among similar systems. In addition, ground forces will be supported by an array of fixed and rotary wing aircraft both as close air support platforms as well as transit and delivery systems. More than 80 attack helicopters, fixed wing fighter aircraft and various transport systems [collectively] will ensure forces on the ground receive maximum support during daylight missions and during periods of limited visibility. Each of these systems contributes to the overall operating environment, providing a unique capability on the modern battlefield, and each system is crucial to overall success during times of conflict. Q: Will this include participation by non-military agencies, such as diplomatic entities? A: This year the Jordanian National Center for Security and Crisis Management, located in Amman, will host a consequence management scenario that will require the participation and coordination among interagency, military, diplomatic and civilian organizations. The importance of this event is to challenge each agency’s systems in order to determine their level of interoperability during an actual crisis, but more importantly, it will emphasize emergency response and integration of resources. It will also exercise the U.S. role in providing assistance to host nation governments during emergencies through crisis action planning and coordination. During the exercise, civil affairs planners will conduct a multiday, humanitarian assist-themed scenario designed to draw on interagency coordination and planning in response to internally displaced persons. Overall execution of this scenario will highlight population and resource control while facilitating interagency and military cooperation in conjunction with non-governmental organizations and the international aid community. Q: How many days will the exercise run? And what will be the goal of the exercise? A: The exercise in Jordan occurs for approximately three weeks in May and takes advantage of multiple training locations around the www.SOTECH-kmi.com
country. The overarching goal is to strengthen military-to-military relationships of participating partner nations. Q: What benefits do you see in having SOCCENT special operators train with your foreign counterparts? A: As noted earlier, FID is a core task of theater SOF. Training events such as Eager Lion provide our forces with an opportunity to practice their language skills, immerse them in the culture, learn different tactics-techniques-procedures, equipment, etc. Many of the partners we work with in these regional exercises are skilled, experienced operators who can provide valuable lessonslearned to our SOF warriors. Of course, the most significant benefits we derive are the relationships we develop with members of partner nation militaries—relationships that often will endure over the course of one’s career and may prove beneficial on some future battlefield. Q: There is extensive discussion in Washington of major defense spending cuts, totaling $489 billion to $1 trillion from military budgets over the next 10 years. At the operational level, what steps have you taken that can be cost-effective? A: The value of special operations was clearly recognized in the revised defense strategy, and the U.S. Special Operations Command budget levels reflect this importance. Although special operations forces compose only about 1.6 percent of the overall defense budget, they provide a high return on investment for the Department of Defense and our nation. Still, all DoD elements must find ways to save. At SOCCENT, we have decreased the amount of travel [especially overseas trave] to missionrequired events, reduced the numbers of personnel at events, and increased our use of resident communication systems such as video teleconferencing and voice over internet protocol to accomplish tasks that might previously have been done in person. We have also leveraged our Knowledge Management branch to develop our collaboration portal in order to make information available at a more rapid pace. The result of recent fiscal constraints include: losing one-third of our fiscal year 2012 overseas contingency operations, or OCO, funds from CENTCOM, and 10 percent of the augmentee positions supporting our headquarters. Currently, just over 60 percent of personnel working for SOCCENT are augmentees provided from the services; we continue to examine our headquarters manning requirements with an eye to reducing our demand for active and reserve component augmentees. Q: Finally, do you have any closing thoughts on the men and women of your command and the work that they perform? A: I have told the staff on a number of occasions that the value of one’s position is not measured by proximity to the sound of gunfire. The SOCCENT staff develops, resources and supports the campaign plans that our SOF operators execute—operations, actions and activities that are designed to help our partners develop the capabilities necessary to provide for their own security and stability. The staff takes their mission to support those in the field extremely seriously; their dedication and commitment is a testament to their professionalism. O SOTECH 10.3 | 27
UGV capabilities are advancing and saving warriors’ lives. Is full autonomy next? By Christian Bourge SOTECH Correspondent Since the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, use of unmanned aerial vehicles by the U.S. military and intelligence agencies has received a great deal of attention. Less noticed is the rapid increase in the use of unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) for tasks ranging from bomb detection and explosive ordinance disposal (EOD) to reconnaissance. Arguably, the importance of UGVs in fighting the counterinsurgencies in Iraq and Afghanistan can’t be overstated in terms of preserving human life. According to the Army and Marine Robotic Systems Joint Project Office (RS JPO), the number 28 | SOTECH 10.3
of ground robots destroyed in combat since October 2005 is equal to 761 lives saved. William J. Cohen, principal, technology development with Menlo Park, Calif.-based engineering and scientific consulting firm Exponent, told Special Operations Technology that the development of the teleoperated, improvised explosive device (IED) detecting Multi-Function Agile Remote Control Robot (MARCbot) and Large Vehicle Undercarriage Surveillance System (LVUSS) for use in Iraq came about out of necessity. “It’s amazing, but back in those days, your sort of regular patrol www.SOTECH-kmi.com
soldiers didn’t have robotic assets to look at threats,” said Cohen, who holds a Ph.D. and commands expertise in engineering. He was a leading proponent for the design, testing and deployment of the MARCbot, a user-run remote observation platform developed as part of an immediate need solicitation in 2004 from the U.S. Army Rapid Equipping Force (REF) to give everyday soldiers in Iraq the ability to detect the rising number of IEDs. The realization that dedicated EOD units faced an expanding challenge from a growing insurgency also led to the later deployment of the firm’s LVUSS, as the need to inspect vehicles lined up to enter U.S. bases became a more significant issue. Nearly eight years and production of over 1,000 MARCbots later—mostly for Army use—the LVUSS is, according to Cohen, being “transitioned to the next thing” as they are phased out of military use in favor of the latest designs. Military UGV design and technologies have matured greatly in those eight years, as usage and the number of companies producing robotic platforms grew. But as special operations and the conventional forces request greater capabilities, military experts and robotic design companies are looking to take robotic ground platforms to even higher levels. Lieutenant Colonel David C. Thompson, project manager of RS JPO, said that new and coming developments in UGVs stem from a response similar to that which led to their mass deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan: soldier needs. “We are listening to the warfighter and reacting to their need,” Thompson told SOTECH. “We are doing everything we can to supply them with the newest technologies.”
Tossable, Man-portable Bots With the greater use of UGVs, the need for a relatively inexpensive, smaller, durable platform that can be carried and used by any soldier for reconnaissance is at the forefront of the latest in UGV design. Tim Trainer, interim general manager of the Government and Industrial Robots division of Bedford, Mass.-based iRobot, told SOTECH that the company became aware of the Army’s need for lower weight systems about a year ago from dismounted soldiers burdened with heavy loads. He said that the joint services special operations groups “are very interested” in lightweight models that can help provide situational awareness inside buildings. The company recently shipped 105 of just such a model, its 110 FirstLook, for Army infantry and special operations evaluation in Afghanistan. Trainer said that hopefully will lead to a production contract late this summer. The self-righting, 5-pound video reconnaissance UGV can withstand a 15-foot drop and film with four separate cameras mounted on all of the robot’s sides. It also incorporates infrared light for low to no light video capture. With integrated two-way audio capabilities and a digital mesh network, multiple robots can be used to relay information over longer distances providing for increased line-of-sight and nonline-of-sight functionality. Its advertised battery life is over six hours in typical use and as long as 10 hours if stationary. It can climb steps as high as 8 inches using continuous rubber tracks to maneuver at speeds of up to 3.4 mph and is waterproof to 3 feet. www.SOTECH-kmi.com
The FirstLook can also provide many of the capacities of iRobot’s much larger Packbot with the addition of thermal imagers, chemical-biological-radiation sensors and disruptive payloads of up to half a pound. RS JPO’s Thompson said outside of the iRobot 110, the agency is focused on three other competing remote-controlled lightweight tossable platforms for a Joint Urgent Operational Need request for improved man-transportable robotic capabilities. These include Macro USA’s Armadillo, QinetiQ’s Dragon Runner 10 and Recon Robotics’ Recon Scout XT, which he added is “getting the most favor.” Both the Dragon Runner and Armadillo are also undergoing Afghanistan testing. McClellan, Calif.-based Macro USA’s Armadillo V2 weighs 5.5 pounds and is designed to withstand 8.2-foot drops and 26-foot horizontal throws. It’s packed with two front, one rear, and two side day or night use, infrared enhanced color cameras. It can also be fitted with a 180-degree turret-mounted rotating thermal camera, and will capture audio. An EOD/IED disrupter is also available. With a payload capacity of 6.6 pounds, it is designed to climb 45-degree slopes with its rubber wheels. An optional climbing kit for stairs is also available, as well as a track kit. It provides an advertised run time of between 1.5 to 2 hours using three speed modes, for 12 hours at standby. In January, Pittsburgh, Pa.-based robotics engineering firm R2 announced it was providing over 100 of their DS1-MA robotic arms
RECONNAISSANCE IN YOUR RUCKSACK
Small and light enough for your rucksack, the new throwable Dragon Runner 10 (DR-10) robot is a mobile, multi-mission platform developed for supporting dismounted operations. DR-10’s day and night cameras provide early warning and advance knowledge while its quick-attach arm allows the unit to take action against threats.
See where innovation lives at www.QinetiQ-NA.com WHEN IT’S CRITICAL, IT’S QINETIQ.
SOTECH 10.3 | 29
A QinetiQ robot can preform an EOD misson. [Photo courtesy of QinetiQ]
for testing with the platform in Afghanistan. The camera-equipped lightweight manipulator provides a lift capacity of 10 pounds. McLean, Va.-based QinetiQ North America’s Dragon Runner weighs 11 pounds. Developed initially for the Marine Corps, the modular design allows for fitting a number of cameras and sensors per mission need. It features a modular design that allows it to be fitted with sensors as well as a manipulator arm with rotating wrist, shoulder and gripper. Among the other add-ons are a pan/zoom/tilt camera, audio capturing and motion detectors. “When the history books are written of technological advances that impacted the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and saved war-fighters’ lives, the ground robot’s contribution to locating and defeating the enemy’s premium weapon, the IED, will be significant,” said Charles E. Dean, director of business development with the QinetiQ North America unmanned systems group. As an example, TALON robots fielded with all branches of the U.S. military and all coalition allies have been used on more than 200,000 combat missions since being the first robots introduced into the war, Dean said, and TALONs have been used by their operators to defeat over 13,000 IEDs. Ground robots have greatly reduced the effects of the enemy’s primary weapon, he added. “As an ever increasing number of applications are being found for using ground robots in combat, more varied types of units are using these remote platforms for enhancing their situational awareness and safety,” according to Dean. “While QinetiQ has many thousands of TALONs deployed, platforms in combat today range widely from the 11-pound throwable Dragon Runner 10, to the 20-pound Dragon Runner 20, to the 120-pound TALON Robot, to the 3,800-pound Raider Engineer mineroller robot, to the 7,200 pound Minotaur mineroller robot.” Dean said that the expanding need for unmanned ground vehicles is sparking a robotic technology revolution: Unmanned ground robots are extending the sensory perceptions of 30 | SOTECH 10.3
warfighters. With these robotic platforms, ears, eyes and hands can now be extended many thousands of meters ahead of the ground forces to provide early warning, discover threats, and defeat enemy weapons without exposing U.S. fighters to enemy action at a time of the enemy’s choosing. “QinetiQ’s ground robots have been used on more combat missions in a wider variety of sizes and capabilities than any other company in the world today,” Dean said. He added that “QinetiQ is intently focused on meeting the evolving needs of our expanding customer base. As such, advances in autonomy, manipulation, mobility, modularity, power and more are taking place. While we have over half a century of history in developing technology solutions for a varied customer base, we also team with the best companies who couple their capabilities with ours to provide exceptional solutions. Examples of this teaming have resulted in QinetiQ and its partners winning separate awards at two autonomous robot competitions internationally and within the United States over the last year and a half.”
Plug and Play Future While there are competing companies, platforms and underlying system technologies, a significant focus for UGV development centers on the integration of standardized software interoperability protocols and a common connection interface for the plug and play of any accessories or capabilities from any manufacturer on any robotic platform. While Cohen indicated Exponent is currently not focused on developing new robotic platforms, he said that such common architecture represents the future of UGVs, comparing it to USB or Ethernet computer communication systems. He added that plug and play capabilities across company platforms have particular advantages for the special operations user, as it would www.SOTECH-kmi.com
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allow small tactical units to use a single robot with interchangeable capabilities for a variety of mission needs. “Clearly everything right now is so complicated,” said Cohen. “What is needed … is to be able to work toward a common architecture. It heightens value, but it’s not particularly high cost.” RS JPO Deputy Project Manager Jeffrey Jaczkowski concurred, telling SOTECH that the underlying dual concepts of payload modularity along with common platform design allows for responsiveness to the soldier as well as the American taxpayer, since the need for single purpose built systems each time there is innovation could be avoided. “That actually embodies our vision statement for robotic systems,” Jaczkowski said. “Our end state by 2020 is an integrated family of modular ground robotic systems, a family of common platforms that are then tailorable to specific warfighter missions.” The Naval Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technology Division of the Indian Head, Md.-based Naval Surface Warfare Center (NAVEODTECHDIV) believes it is on track to bringing a system to the fore whose open architecture design could prove to be the base design for cross-platform plug and play. The Advanced Explosive Ordnance Disposal Robotic System (AEODRS) is a $34 million family of open architecture robotic systems in development for EOD support in coordination with the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. In October, NAVEODTECHDIV received a 2011 DoD Systems Engineering Top 5 Program Award for the system. Byron Brezina, AEODRS project manager, said various modules for the system are currently in development along with prototypes. The first, a small dismounted back-packable platform, recently passed critical design review. After over two years of development, it is scheduled to move to an award phase for a prime system integrator to produce a production system to government spec for fielding. In August, RE2 won a competitive contract to develop the manipulator arm, end-effector interface and the master capability module for the dismounted class of AEODRS robots. Development is slated to begin in fiscal year 2013 on a larger tactical system designed for mounted-mission use, along with an even larger base/infrastructure system designed for vehicle or trailer transport, with award for fielding expected around FY16.
The Scout XT Robot. [Photo courtesy of Recon Robotics]
32 | SOTECH 10.3
Robotic Hunting Dog Along with the potential of weaponization of UAVs as a potential model for UGVs, RS JPO’s Thompson and Jaczkowski said that moving UGVs away from the simple telephony linked operator control to autonomous function is a development wanted by the war-fighter. Jaczkowski noted that such a move could help ease the monitoring burden of operators, a level of functionality he compared to that of a hunting dog to the hunter. “As an analogy, the bird dog or the hunting dog,’’ said Jaczkowski. “I’ve heard [that request] from both the soldier side and [others].” NAVEODTECHDIV’s Brezina said that the AEODRS requirements call for the ability of robots to go from one point to another without operational input as well as retroverse functions that ensure a robot can retrace its mission path either to reestablish communication or return fully. “That can be handled easily,” he said “The [overall] process of adopting autonomy—I think that it is a slow process and it is sort of baby steps. As far as I know, this is the first program of record [for tactical robotics] that is at this point in the development cycle that has autonomy in the requirement.” Such capabilities have been in the planning stages for years. For example, iRobot’s Trainer noted that the firm upgraded a significant portion of the Army and Navy’s Packbot models in 2010 with the software basis for autonomy and future plug and play capability. This allows for upgrading the company’s mainstay model (with over 4,500 deployed) for a variety of upgraded camera options, as well as what Trainer described as the first step in “productionized autonomy,” retroverse drive. With semi-autonomy in the foreseeable future, progression to fully autonomous UGVs remains the ideal, although there is disagreement if this is even really possible. “The collective opinion is that we’re probably still 30 years away from autonomy like you see in the movies, full autonomy where the robot is actually thinking to that degree,” said Brezina. “Thirty years from now, you would want to be able to send down a robot that can make decisions and you want to be able to tell it to go take care of this problem. That is a Holy Grail. But getting there, I think, is going to be baby steps, getting used to it and different levels of autonomy.” Exponent’s Cohen dismissed the possibility for full autonomy, while acknowledging the value of semi-autonomic design for navigational needs. www.SOTECH-kmi.com
“We’re not going to see ground robots with autonomy that do anything you really need it to do,” said Cohen. “But I think semi-autonomy is a good thing to pursue.” Nevertheless, in some ways ground robotics is already moving in the direction of full programmed autonomy. Virginia Tech, provider of the self-driving Ground Unmanned Support Surrogate (GUSS), underwent its fourth limited technical assessment in February at the Fort Pickett Army National Guard Maneuver Training Center. Blacksburg, Va.-based TORC Robotics is a subcontractor to Virginia Tech. Part of the Marine Corps Warfighting Lab’s unmanned ground vehicle program—developed in coordination with Naval Surface Warfare Center with Virginia Tech—the modified perception sensor laden Polaris MVRS700 6x6 vehicle is enhanced with TORC’s integrated ByWire drive-by-wire platform, Autonomous Vehicle Kits and Tele-op systems. In development since 2009, it provides for both autonomous driving as well as dismounted driving by operators using the firm’s handheld Waysight or FalconView mapping software-based computer. “The GUSS system’s primary operation is lightening the load, like carrying generators,” said Andrew Culhane, business development manager for TORC Robotics. “However, it can be used for point-to-point resupply or augmenting resupply. The technology is maturing very rapidly, especially as operational use cases are better defined.”
Culhane said that a parallel project in development would allow for autonomy in a GPS-degraded or -denied environment for several kilometers. Additionally, development of the system for other niche operational applications, such as scouting for IEDs, is moving forward with potential uses ranging from surveying to mine rolling and even weapons-based application. IED defeat capabilities can already be found on QinetiQ North America’s Raider 1 Engineer IED defeat and detection vehicle, which was developed with TORC and is deployed in Afghanistan. The company is also working with the Air Force Research Labs’ rapid reaction team on a light tactical all-terrain vehicle that takes advantage of its robotic technologies for SOCOM use as well as other projects. Pointing to their robotic mine applique kit program for the Husky ground vehicle, RS JPO’s Thompson said he sees significant proliferation of robotic applique systems modifying multiple vehicle platforms “very soon.” “I think you will see a lot more of that in the future, either with drive augmentation or complete automation,” he said. O
For more information, contact SOTECH Editor Dave Ahearn at email@example.com or search our online archives for related stories at www.sotech-kmi.com.
SOTECH 10.3 | 33
By Henry Canaday SOTECH Correspondent Military pistols are not replaced casually. Consider that the M1911 served for nearly a century and Beretta’s M9 has been used for a quarter of a century. Add in budget pressures and it’s easy to see why a mass replacement of side-arms may be unlikely or long-delayed. Yet there are reasons and indications that some replacements are desirable. An aborted effort to consider alternatives to the M9 and seek more than a half-million new pistols was made in the past decade. And as war has changed, so too have requirements. In the conventional wars the U.S. was preparing for in the 1980s, officers would need chiefly a defensive firearm while they directed the real offensive firepower of their units. But in the small-unit tactics of the unconventional wars that now are more common, officers and others may want more personal offensive firepower. That need for different weapons has shown up in procurement by elite forces of at least small numbers of new pistols. These small procurements could continue and might be a precursor to the Big Army eventually looking harder at pistol choices. Gun manufacturers are interested and well prepared, if that happens. “We are the incumbent, and there are pros and cons to that,” said Gabriele de Plano, vice president of tactical marketing for Beretta 34 | SOTECH 10.3
Is a new sidearm in the works for warfighters? USA. The M9 has been the standard side arm for U.S. armed forces since 1985. Nevertheless, “there has been on-and-off talk about a new pistol and a new requirement,” de Plano noted. Beretta actually has supplied two pistols, the M9 for the Army and the M9A1, with an accessory rail, for the Marines. The Air Force and the Navy obtain the M9 through the Army program. More than half a million guns from the M9 family have been delivered. The pistol has been issued well beyond the officer corps. It also goes to support troops and may be a backup for carbine-carrying infantry. “It is not just a defensive gun, but may be used as an offensive weapon in tight quarters like a cave or a house,” de Plano explained. That is one reason the military might want an alternative to the M9, designed in the 1970s and 1980s. Another reason for replacement talk is that refurbishment of the M9 at Army depots may cost more than acquisition of new guns. He said Beretta could refurbish them at considerably less expense than their new cost of “probably under $500,” but the Army apparently cannot. “That is very frustrating for us,” he said. If an alternative is sought, Beretta would like to pursue two paths. The first would be product improvement of the M9, using developments built into
Beretta’s 92 series and 90-TWO. These weapons have many enhancements, including removable front sights, internal recoil buffers, more durable components, modular grips, night sights, a compact version and a .40-caliber option. Yet operation is identical to that of the M9, so retraining would be minimal, and commonality of 80 to 90 percent of parts would minimize logistics burdens. Unloaded weight of the 92 series is 32.5 to 34.4 ounces. Barrel length is 4.9 inches and magazines carry from 12 to 17 rounds. For an entirely new weapon, Beretta could offer its Px4 Storm series, which comes in three sizes, 9 mm, .40 and .45 caliber. Polymer frames make these lightweight, barrel lock-up increases accuracy and service life, and modular grips enhance ease of use. The Px4 family also has increased magazine capacity. Beretta’s Px4 SD [Special Duty] was developed for special operations in the aborted Joint Combat Pistol program. It had to pass a severe 10-day salt-spray test and is thus made of tougher and more expensive materials. A longer .45 barrel enables mounting of a flash suppressor. “In summary, we would like to pursue both paths if we have the opportunity,” de Plano said. “My personal opinion is that with the economic situation and administration policies, www.SOTECH-kmi.com
there will not be a new Army pistol for the next two, three or four years,” summarized Bud Fini, vice president of marketing at Sig Sauer. “The reason is that it would costs billions of dollars for the pistol, holsters, training, depots, repairs and services.” Fini noted that the Army’s current Beretta M9 pistol has performed “decently.” But he believes that, ideally, the Army needs more power than is available in the 9 mm Beretta. “I think they need a .45 caliber or another caliber and that they should change the caliber with the gun. But you would have to retrain so many servicemen with the new gun.” Sig currently provides its P226 to the Navy and Britain’s Special Air Service (SAS). The P226 is available in 9 mm, or .357 or .40 caliber. It has a 10-pound trigger pull in double-action and 4.4 pounds in singleaction. The 4.4-inch barrel sits on a weapon 7.7 inches long. The P226 weighs 34 ounces with empty magazine. Magazines can hold 10 to 15 rounds, depending on ammunition type. Night sights are available and the pistol costs about $1,000 retail. The U.S. Air Force uses a slightly different, shorter Sig pistol, the P229. “We sell to most U.S. elite forces,” Fini said. Sig thinks of itself as the Mercedes of gun manufacturers. Fini acknowledged that Sig’s all-metal guns are more expensive than the polymer models made by most suppliers, but its products are stronger and longer lasting than the polymer pistols that sell for about half as much. “Polymer is lighter and cheaper, but you are known by the company you keep. We supply SAS, SEALS and federal air marshals.” “We have heard a lot about pistol replacements in past years,” said Steve Galloway, director of creative services for Heckler & Koch. Galloway recalled the plan for a joint combat pistol (JCP) in 2006 that was transformed into a combat pistol for Special Operations Command and then suspended indefinitely. “Then the Air Force also looked into a new pistol,” he remembered. H&K, along with most other major pistolmakers, offered .45 caliber pistols for the JCP. Galloway recalled that the JCP sought a flat dark-earth color, so “if you see a commercial pistol in tan color, it was probably developed for the JCP.” H&K developed improved versions of its Universal Self-Firing Pistol (USP), the HK45, HK45 Compact and HK45 Compact Tactical, for the JCP. The HK45 Compact Tactical was eventually adopted by a special operations unit. “We have a good track record with special ops,” Galloway said. The www.SOTECH-kmi.com
company supplied .45-caliber Mark 23s to Special Operations Command in the 1990s. “It was a large pistol for offensive use. It has seen service in Afghanistan, but not that much. They wanted something lighter.” The HK45 family was developed and improved from the Mark 23. Galloway acknowledged that Beretta’s M9 is “tried and true,” but thinks something more powerful than a 9 mm pistol is needed. If a new .40-caliber or 9 mm weapon is sought, H&K would submit its P30 pistol. This is a police and security pistol with ergonomic features, including a special frame with interchangeable back-straps and lateral grip panels, allowing the pistol to be customized for any soldier. The P30 has multiple trigger modes including enhanced double-action only and conventional double-action or single action. A serrated de-cocking button is located on the rear of the frame. The P30 is available with a light trigger pull of 4.5 pounds. A Picatinny rail makes mounting lights and accessories easy. If the military wants a .45-caliber pistol, H&K would submit an HK45 model. For example, the HK45 Compact Tactical comes with a threaded barrel, 10-round magazine and replaceable grip panels to customize feel for individual hands and shooting preferences. A proprietary recoil system reduces recoil by up to 30 percent. An O-ring barrel improves slide-barrel lockup and accuracy. This model uses all HK45 magazines, from 8 to 10 rounds, and like the P30 has a Picatinny rail for accessory mounting. It is available with decock-only control lever or with a decock and manual safety control lever. It can be converted to other trigger-firing modes. The HK45 Compact Tactical weighs 1.8 pounds with an empty magazine. Trigger pull is 4.5 pounds for single-action and 11.46 pounds for double-action. Galloway said the HK45 series resolves issues with the USP and has added some additional features, such as adjustable back-straps, ergonomic grips and O-rings on barrels. “We are famous for our barrels,” Galloway noted. “They can go through thousands and thousands of rounds.” He also emphasized the nine different trigger functions available on the HK45 series. Submissions for the JCP six years ago were all .45-caliber pistols and may give some indication of what other manufacturers would submit, or at least start with, if the military seeks pistols of this caliber. The Ruger P345 has a polymer grip, weighs 29 ounces and has a 4.5-inch barrel
and 8-round magazine. It retails for about $600. Smith & Wesson’s M&P45 has a four-inch barrel and weighs 27.7 ounces with a polymer frame. It uses a 10-round magazine and retails for a little over $600. Glock’s 21 weighs 26.28 ounces unloaded and has a magazine capacity of 13 rounds. The 21 has a 5.5-pound trigger pull and a 4.6-inch barrel. The Taurus PT 24/7 OSS has a 5.2-inch barrel and carries 12 rounds in its magazine. It weighs 31 ounces with a polymer grip and has an ambidextrous firing pin de-cocker, cocking indicator and loaded-chamber indicator. “FNH USA has been tracking the progress of various pistol programs within the services,” said FNH USA Executive Vice President Mark Cherpes. “We welcome the opportunity to compete in a program that would provide America’s service men and women with the most innovative and reliable weapons.” “FN produces both striker-fired and hammer-fired pistol lines, either of which could serve as the basis for building our offer depending on service requirements,” said Cherpes. “FN has a long history of serving the U.S. military and will ensure our products provide the warfighter with a distinct advantage.” Fabrique Nationale’s FNP45-USG features both double- and single-action operation with a manual thumb safety. The 4.5-inch barrel is cold hammer-forged stainless steel. Empty, the FNP45 weighs 32.4 ounces. The magazine can carry 10 to 15 rounds. This pistol has two interchangeable back-strap inserts with lanyard holes and an integrated accessory rail for mounting lights or lasers. The FNP45 also has ambidextrous de-cocking and safety levers, magazine release buttons and slide release levers. The Para-Ordnance LDA [Light Double Action] has a seven-round magazine and 3.5inch barrel, weighs 32 ounces and retails for about $1,000. The HS 45 (Springfield XD45) weighs about 25 ounces with a polymer frame. It has cocking and loaded-chamber indicators and an ambidextrous magazine release. Trigger pull is from 5.6 to 6.7 pounds. The HS 45 comes with barrels of 3.8, 4.5 or 5.25 inches and all have a 13-round magazine. O For more information, contact SOTECH Editor Dave Ahearn at firstname.lastname@example.org or search our online archives for related stories at www.sotech-kmi.com.
SOTECH 10.3 | 35
The advertisers index is provided as a service to our readers. KMI cannot be held responsible for discrepancies due to last-minute changes or alterations.
SOTECH CALENDAR & DIRECTORY Advertisers Index
AR Modular RF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 www.arworld.us Esri. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 www.esri.com/sot FLIR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 www.flir.com/gs G4S International Training Inc.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 www.g4siti.com Goodrich . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A3 www.goodrich.com L-3 GCS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 www.l-3com.com/gcs Leupold. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C2 www.leupold.com Navistar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C3 www.navistardefense.com Northrop Grumman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 www.northropgrumman.com/ts Persistent Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 www.persistentsystems.com QinetiQ North America. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 www.qinetiq-na.com Recon Robotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 www.reconrobotics.com/xt Ruag Ammotec. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 www.ruag.com Selex Galileo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 www.selexgalileo.com Solar Stik Incorporated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 www.solarstik.com/wasp
May 1-2, 2012 AUSA Braxton Bragg Symposium Fort Bragg, N.C. www.suggsgroup.com
July 12-13, 2012 Warrior Expo East 2011 Virginia Beach, Va. www.adsinc.com/warriorexpo
May 7-10, 2012 SOFEX Amman, Jordan www.sofexjordan.com
July 23-25, 2012 Night Vision Systems Summit Washington, D.C. area www.nightvisionevent.com
May 22-24, 2012 SOFIC Tampa, Fla. www.ndia.org/meetings/1890
Aug. 6-9, 2012 Soldier Equipment & Technology Expo & Conference Fort Bragg, N.C. www.soldierequipmentexpo.com
June 4-8, 2012 GEOINT Community Week Washington, D.C. area www.usgif.org July 11-12, 2012 Military Vehicles Exhibition and Conference Detroit, Mich. www.militaryvehiclesexpo.com
Aug. 6-9, 2012 AUVSI Unmanned Systems North America Washington, D.C. www.symposium.auvsi.org/ Sept. 17-19, 2012 Air & Space Conference National Harbor, Md. www.afa.org
June 2012 Volume 10, Issue 4
Cover and In-Depth Interview with:
Adm. William H. McRaven Commander Special Operations Command Features
Sniper Rifles and Accessories
We examine some of the best rifles on the planet, which are paired with some of the best snipers for unparalleled accuracy and lethality.
Whether breaking down doors, shattering windows or smashing through walls, these systems permit special operators to track enemies into their lairs. And grappling gear and ladders make quick work of surmounting walls and obstacles.
Combat Casualty Care
The devices that medics carry on the battlefield often spell the difference between life and death for wounded special operators. Here are the latest advances showing up in medicsâ€™ bags.
Handheld IT Devices
Warfighter awareness increasingly depends upon electronic systems that confer an intel edge, systems that provide voice, data, blue force tracking and more.
Special Section SOCOM Program Management Updates
In this authoritative annual overview, James W. Cluck, the SOCOM acquisition executive and senior procurement executive, provides a detailed status report on each SOCOM acquisition program.
Insertion Order Deadline: April 30, 2012 â€˘ Ad Materials Deadline: May 7, 2012
36 | SOTECH 10.3
Special Operations Technology
Jerry Agee Chairman, CEO and President MBDA Incorporated
The MBDA Inc. Board of Directors on June 2, 2009, elected Jerry Agee to the positions of chairman, chief executive officer and president of MBDA. The company has a Washington corporate office and operations in Westlake Village, Calif., and Huntsville, Ala. Q: Can you explain briefly what MBDA Inc. is and what missile systems you are producing for the special operations community? A: We are a U.S. missile company owned by a very large European-based missile company. Internationally, we sell over 35 different missile systems to over 90 nations worldwide. In the U.S., we are producing and delivering the Viper Strike munition that is part of the SOPGM [Standoff Precision Guided Munition] Program. We have a hand-launched, weaponized UAS called TiGER [Tactical Grenade Extended Range] and a small 13 pound precision glide weapon called SABER [Small Air Bomb Extended Range] that we have dropped off of mid-sized UASs. We are also marketing our Dual Mode Brimstone missile that was highly successful in Libya operations for any special operations aircraft that fires Hellfire missiles. Q: In an era of growing sensitivity concerning collateral damage and civilian casualties, how does the Viper Strike stand-off precision attack guided munition help to ensure that only targeted assets are struck? A: Viper Strike has an integrated, high quality GPS and an extremely precise semi active laser seeker that offers dual redundancy and demonstrated pinpoint accuracy against both stationary and moving targets. It also has a www.SOTECH-kmi.com
unique top down flight path that allows it to strike silently from the near vertical to hit targets in urban canyons. The weapon also has a low collateral damage warhead that has proven effective against a wide target set. Q: How easily transported is the TiGER tactical grenade extended range weapon, and what do special operators have to do to launch it? A: TiGER folds up into a relatively small container about the size of two loaves of bread end-to-end. One person can open it, inflate the wing, fire up the small flight computer, acquire satellites and be airborne in two minutes. Q: What sort of targets can TiGER neutralize? A: TiGER has an internal 40 mm grenade that can be armed and safed in flight, and detonates on impact, The 40 mm grenade is very effective against combatants in the open and lightly skinned vehicles and structures. The weapon can attack targets beyond the line of sight using a data link and two onboard high resolution video cameras with a contrast tracker. The weapon can lock on to the target and can fly hands off from point to point. Ultimately, it will perform a kamikaze dive on either a stationary or moving target. Q: Can you explain the dual mode aspect of the Brimstone missile? A: Dual Mode Brimstone uses a millimeter wave [MMW] Radar and an integrated semi active laser [SAL] seeker to provide very
precise hits against high speed maneuvering targets. The MMW seeker locks onto, let’s say, a very fast car moving down a twisting road, and locks on to the center of mass of the vehicle, eliminating laser designation inaccuracies and the near misses seen very often by SAL-only weapons. It really showed its capabilities in Libya last year with the U.K. We’re pleased to be able to offer it in the United States for any platform that currently uses Hellfire missiles. They are almost identical in size. Q: What are your plans for your 13 pound SABER UAS glide weapon? A: We are continuing to fly SABER off of the Arcturus T-20 UAS and look forward to competing for programs to weaponize UAS systems. SABER has both a SAL seeker and integrated GPS and will provide a low cost armed deterrence option for UAS platforms. Its unique wing, a derivative of the wing we make for the small diameter bomb, allows it to have a long range, 360 degree attack window, which is optimal for UASs that are holding in an orbit. It’s a great weapon that will fill a much needed role in the United States and potentially internationally. Q: What are your concluding thoughts about MBDA and its role in serving those in uniform? A: We’re excited about the opportunity to offer a family of missile systems to our special operators. We have great technical solutions and are motivated to bring high-quality and low cost systems to the special operations community. O SOTECH 10.3 | 37
س :0يددل سيشددكل يددذا عشددا الدع وعاسي ؟
ييئددال غيددر لسدد ري عثددل ال يانددال
ج :0يدددذا الددددام سيستضددديف الكر ددد األ دندددي الدددواني لألعدددن وإدا األزعددال وعقددره لكددان سددينا يو إدا التددداليال الددذ سددوج يتط ددب وتنسدددديقا عددددين الكنظكددددال وال يئددددال الكدنيدددد والدع وعاسددددي عشددددا والدس ري .وت كن أيكي يذا الحدث في تحدد أنظكد دل ييئد لتحديدد عستوى قاع ي التشغيل الديندي أثنداء األزعد الرد يد ل دن األيد أندف سدوج يشدد ل ى استجاع الطوا وت اعل الكوا د .كا أنف سدوج يقدوم أيضدا عترديل الدو األعري ي فدي تدوفير الكسدالد الستضداف ح وعدال الددول خالل الطوا ،وذلك عدن خدالل تخطدي وتنسديق اإلجدراءال الكرجدو تجاه األزع . وأثناء التدد يدال سدينرذ عخططدو الشدؤون الكدنيد سدينا يو إنسدانيا ل دى عددا لددد أيدام حددول عوضدولال عحدددد عصدك لالسددتراد عدن التنسدديق والتخطي فيكا عين ال يئدال اسدتجاع لألشدخا الكدر َّح ين داخ يدا .ل دى أن التنريدددذ اإلجكدددالي ل دددذا السدددينا يو سدددوج يددددرز الدددتح فدددي السددد ان والكوا د وفي نرس الوقدت يدؤد إلدى تسد يل التدداون فيكدا عدين ال يئدال وال يانال الدس ري عاالشتراق عدش عنظكدال غيدر ح وعيد وعجكولدال الكسالدال الدولي . س :9عن األيام ستستغرق ا التد يدال؟ وعاذا سي ون يدف ا؟ ج :9تسدتكر يددذه التدد يدال فددي األ دن لكدا يقددرب عدن ثالثد أسداعيش فددي أيا يعايو وتستريد عن عواقش التد يب الكتدددد حدول الدولد وأعدا ال ددج الرئيسي ف و تقوي الدالقال الدس ري عين الدول الشري الكشا . س :11عددا يددي الكنددافش التددي ترايددا فددي جدددل لناصددر خاص د عالقيدداد الكر ي ل دك يال الخاص تتد ب عش نظراء أجانب؟ ج :11كا ذ رنا آنرا فنن "الدفاع الداخ ي األجندي" يو ع كد أصدي فدي قددوال الدك يددال الخاصدد عكسددر األحددداث .فالرداليددال التد يدي د عثددل األسددد الكتأيددب إنكددا تدد ود قواتنددا عررصدد عكا سدد ع ددا ات ال غويدد وتدكق فدي الثقافد وتد ك د ع دا ال وت تي دال وتقنيدال عخت رد وت يدد خدددرت عالكددددال ...إلددى غيددر ذلددك .وال ثيددر عددن الشددر اء الددذين ندكددل عد د فددي يددذه التددد يدال اإلق يكي د يدد لناصددر عددايرون وعتكرسددون يستطيدون استخال د وس قيك عستراد لكقات ينا في قدوال الدك يدال الخاص .وعالطدش فنن أي فائد نستقي ا يي الدالقال التدي او نايدا عدش والدالقدال التدي غالددا عدا سدوج تسدتكر ألضاء جيوش الدول الكشدا ل ى عدى عشوا الررد الك ني و عكا تثدت أن ا نافد في عددض سداحال الحرب الكستقد ي . س :11ثكد نقدداش عوسددش فددي واشددنطن لددن تخريضددال اإلنردداق الدددفالي ال ديدددر عكدددا يصدددل إجكاليدددف عدددن 409ع يدددا إلدددى تري يدددون دوال عدددن الكوازنال الدس ري ل ى عددا السدنوال الدشدر التاليد .ل دى الكسدتوى الدك ياتي عا يي الخطوال التي اتخدذتكويا والتدي يك دن أن تسدالد ل دى خرض الت اليف؟ ج :11عدددن الواضدددح أندددف قدددد تددد إد اق قيكددد الدك يدددال الخاصددد فدددي اسددتراتيجي الدددفاع الكددل د ال سدديكا وعسددتويال عوازن د قيدداد الدك يددال الخاصددد األعري يددد تد دددس يدددذه األيكيددد .و غددد أن قدددوال الدك يدددال الخاصد تشد ل فقد حددوالي %1.6عددن إجكددالي عوازند الدددفاع إال أن ددا www.SOTECH-kmi.com االسدتثكا لدوزا الددفاع ولددولتنا .غيدر أن دل توفر عدردودا لاليدا عدن
ج :11كا ذ رنا آنرا فنن "الدفاع الداخ ي األجندي" يو ع كد أصدي فدي قددوال الدك يددال الخاصدد عكسددر األحددداث .فالرداليددال التد يديدد عثددل األسددد الكتأيددب إنكد��ا تدد ود قواتنددا عررصدد عكا سدد ع ددا ات ال غويدد وتدكق فدي الثقافد وتد ك د ع دا ال وت تي دال وتقنيدال عخت رد وت يدد خدددرت عالكددددال ...إلددى غيددر ذلددك .وال ثيددر عددن الشددر اء الددذين ندكددل عد د فددي يددذه التددد يدال اإلق يكيدد يدد لناصددر عددايرون وعتكرسددون يستطيدون استخال د وس قيك عستراد لكقات ينا في قدوال الدك يدال الخاص .وعالطدش فنن أي فائد نستقي ا يي الدالقال التدي او نايدا عدش والدالقدال التدي غالددا عدا سدوج تسدتكر ألضاء جيوش الدول الكشدا ل ى عدى عشوا الررد الك ني و عكا تثدت أن ا نافد في عددض سداحال الحرب الكستقد ي . س :11ثكد نقدداش عوسددش فددي واشددنطن لددن تخريضددال اإلنردداق الدددفالي ال ديدددر عكدددا يصدددل إجكاليدددف عدددن 409ع يدددا إلدددى تري يدددون دوال عدددن الكوازنال الدس ري ل ى عددا السدنوال الدشدر التاليد .ل دى الكسدتوى الدك ياتي عا يي الخطوال التي اتخدذتكويا والتدي يك دن أن تسدالد ل دى خرض الت اليف؟ ج :11عدددن الواضدددح أندددف قدددد تددد إد اق قيكددد الدك يدددال الخاصددد فدددي اسددتراتيجي الدددفاع الكددل د ال سدديكا وعسددتويال عوازن د قيدداد الدك يددال الخاصددد األعري يددد تد دددس يدددذه األيكيددد .و غددد أن قدددوال الدك يدددال الخاصد تشد ل فقد حددوالي %1.6عددن إجكددالي عوازند الدددفاع إال أن ددا توفر عدردودا لاليدا عدن االسدتثكا لدوزا الددفاع ولددولتنا .غيدر أن دل لناصر وزا الدفاع يجب أن تدحث لن سدل ل تدوفير .وعالنسدد ل قيداد الكر ي ل دك يال الخاصد فدنن لددينا قدد ا عخرضدا عدن السدرر (خاصد السددرر إلددى الخددا ج) لرداليددال تحتدداج إلي ددا الك ك د ولدددينا لدددد أقددل عددن األفراد في الرداليال كا أن استخداعنا عت ايد ألنظك اتصاالل الكقيكين عثددل تقني د الريددديو ددونررنس واالتصددال صددوتيا لدددر االنترنددت إلنجدداز الك ام التي عكا انت تت في الساعق لدر األشخا .وقدد اسدتثكرنا فدي فرلنددا إلدا الكدرف د عددن أجددل تطددوير عواع د تددداون عيننددا وذلددك لجدددل الكد وعال عتاح ل ى نحو أسرع .وتشكل نتيجد القيدود الكاليد األخيدر فقدان ث ث تكويالل لك يال الطوا الخا جي ل دام الكدالي 2112عدن القيدداد الكر يدد و %11عددن الكواقددش االحتياايدد التددي تدددل عقددرال قيادتنا .وحاليا فنن أ ثر عن %61عن األفراد الداع ين عالقياد الكر يد ل قددوال الخاص د ي د قددوال تد ي د عددن ييئددال الخدع د عددالجي ونحددن نواصل فح عتط دال شغل عقرال قيادتنا ل ن أليننا تر ل ى تق يدل ا دنا ل ى قوال التد ي سواء عن الخدع النظاعي أو عن االحتياا. س :12أخيددرا يددل لددديك أيدد أف ددا ختاعيدد لددن جددال ونسدداء قيادتددك والدكل الذ يؤدونف؟ ج :12لقددد أخدددرل ادداق الدكددل فددي لدددد عددن الكناسدددال أن قيكد وضددش الكددرء ال تقدداس عقرعددف عددن صددول القصددف .إن ادداق القيدداد الكر ي د ل دك يال الخاص يطو ون ويكولون ويدلكون خط الحك التي تنرذيا لناصددرنا فددي قدددوال الدك يددال الخاصدد ويدددي الدك يددال واإلجدددراءال واألنشددط الكصددكك لكسددالد شددر ائنا ل ددى تطددوير القددد ال الالزع د لتدددوفير األعدددن واالسدددتقرا لددددي .ويتدددولى الطددداق ع كددد دلددد أولئدددك الكوجودين في الكيدان حتى ولو ان يذا يحكل عخاار شديد وع ذا فنن ترانيف والت اعف يو ش اد ل ى حرفيتف. A7 | SOTECH 10.3
دل قوال الدك يال الخاص األفغاني عطريق عا عث كا نردل عش شدر ائنا اإلق يكيين اآلخرين. س :4لدَّددر األعيددرال إيريددك أولسددون واألعيددرال عيددل عددا رافين القائدددان الساعق والحالي لقياد الدك يال الخاص لن عخاوف كدا عدن أندف عددد لدام عدددن الحدددرب عكدددا ال تدقدددى الدناصدددر الخاصددد فدددي وحددددال الدك يدددال الخاص .عا يي الخطوال التي تتخذيا لكسالد الدناصر الخاص ،عثدل ضكان وقت استراح اج عين لك يال االنتشا ؟ عخداوف إذ تظدل الكتط ددال الدك ياتيد لقدوال ج :4أنا عالتأ يدد أشدا الدك يال الخاص لالي .فأعتندا تواجدف ت ديددال غيدر لاديد حدول الددال ل ددن قددوال الدك يددال الخاص د عؤي د أحسددن عددا ي ددون ل ددذا النددوع عددن الحرب .ولديس سدرا أن جد ء ديدرا عدن الط دب ل دى القدو إنكدا يدو عدن عسر لك يال القياد الكر ي .و غ أن خرض القوال في الددراق قدد سالد ل ى تق يل يذا الط ب إال أن أفغانستان عا ت ال تكثل الت اعا ديرا. وعاإلضاف إلى ذلك فنن عيئ الشرق األوس ضداعي .وأنا شخصيا ألتقدد أن الرعيش الدرعي ل ى الكدى الطويل سي ون لف تأثير إيجاعي ل دى حيدا س د ان الكنطق د وسدديؤد إلددى تحددرق عاتجدداه حري د أ دددر .ول ددى الكدددى القصددير نحددن نددرى االضددطراب والضددداعي التددي ت ددت ان يددا األنظك د الكستدد و نا قد ش دنا عدض نرس الديناعيال في الد قدان وشدرق أو وعدا عددش ان يددا الشدديولي .وأعددا الجكالددال الكتطرفد والدددول غيددر الصددديق فترى فرص فدي يدذه الديئد الضدداعي لتحقيدق أيدداف ا .وإندف لردي صدالح أعتنددا أن نخصد الكددوا د لدددل الدددول الشددري لكسددالدت ا ل ددى إدا يذه الرتر االنتقالي .ويتط ب يذا في الغالب عن قوال الدك يال الخاص أن تدكل عش قوال الدول الشري لتطوير أو تحسين قدد ت ا ل دى تدوفير األعن لس ان ا. وعسؤوليتي تجاه عقدعي القوال يي ضكان أن يذه القيداد ترحد عقدو ل عتط دب ل قدو لتضدكن أندف قدد تد فحصدف كدا يندغدي سدواء عدن حيدث الحج أو الكد .والت اعي لكقات ينا في قوال الدك يال الخاص ولائالت يو أنني سوج أقيٍّ عاستكرا يي ل قواتنا الكنتشر لضكان لدم نشر أ شخ ليوم إضافي أ ثر عكا يو عط وب إل كال الك ك . س :5عدا يددو الدددو الددذ ت ددددف القيداد الكر يد ل دك يددال الخاصد فددي تد يب قوال الدك يال الخاص لدول أخرى عثل أفراد الدك يال الخاص األ دنيين؟ ج :5سواء لوصف عأنف "دفاع داخ ي أجنددي" أو "عنداء قدد ال الشدريك" فنن تد يب قوال الدول الشري يو عن صدكي ع دام الدك يدال الخاصد لكسر لك يدال القدوال الخاصد .ول قيداد الكر يد ل دك يدال الخاصد لالق اسخ عالقوال الخاص األ دنيد ويدو عدا أفداد دال القدوتين .وقدد دانوا عكثاعد شدريك عؤيدل جددا ً فددي أفغانسدتان سدالد ل دى ف د الدددين والثقاف د ويددو عددا ضددالف القددو .وعالكثددل فددنن لدددينا لالق د عتناعي د عددش القددوال الخاص د الدري د والجوي د اإلعا اتي د التددي تشددغل دو ا ع كددا فددي أفغانستان .و عكدا دان الكثدال األ ثدر د اعاتي يد لددو القيداد الكر يد ل دك يددال الخاص د فددي تطددوير القددوال الشددري يددو الردالي د الكسددتكر لقوال الدك يدال الخاصد الدراقيد ولدواء االسدتجاع ل طدوا ووحددال الت تي ال واألس ح الخاصد لددر أنحداء الدولد .وقدد تد إنشداء دل ت دك الوحدددال فددي األصددل عددن الددايد عواسددط لناصددر عددن قددوال الدك يددال الخاص د حيددث قاعددت عتددد يد ا وتقدددي النصددح ل ددا وتد يك ددا ل ددى عدددى سنوال .واليدوم يد يكث دون قدوى عؤي د واحترافيد تدوفر األعدن لدالديدا عأدنى عسالد عن الواليال الكتحد . SOTECH 10.3 | A6
الت تي ال واألس ح الخاصد لددر أنحداء الدولد .وقدد تد إنشداء دل ت دك الوحدددال فددي األصددل عددن الددايد عواسددط لناصددر عددن قددوال الدك يددال الخاص د حيددث قاعددت عتددد يد ا وتقدددي النصددح ل ددا وتد يك ددا ل ددى عدددى سنوال .واليدوم يد يكث دون قدوى عؤي د واحترافيد تدوفر األعدن لدالديدا عأدنى عسالد عن الواليال الكتحد . س :6تدددد يدال األسدددد الكتأيدددب يدددي تدددد يدال عشدددتر عدددين الواليدددال الكتحددد والكك د األ دني د ال اشددكي ،وسددوج تجددر فددي األ دن فددي أيا يعايو القادم ،يل يك ن أن تصف نوع األفدراد الدذين ستتضدكن يدذه التد يدال؟ ج :6تشددتكل تددد يدال األسددد الكتأيددب 12ل ددى أ ثددر عددن 15دول د عددن خكس قا ال عخت ر وأ ثر عن 11111عشا ق .وينصدب تر يد األسدد عن الكتأيب ل ى تقوي الدالقال الدس ري عين الدول الشري الكشا خدالل عددن ج عتدددد الجنسدديال عشددترق فيكدا عددين دل ال يئددال الح وعيد . وسينا يو التد يدال عصك عحيث يصو التحديال األعني الواقديد يدذه األيام وعاألخ في عيئ الحرب غير الكدتاد .كا تشجش يذه التدد يدال وعندداء قددد وظيري د التددداون وتدددادل الكد وعددال عددين القددوى الكشددا وعكا سال إدا األزعد وتد يد الجاي يد .وتخ دق التدد يدال عدن يدذا النوع لالقال قوي عش الشر اء والح رداء الدذين يتقاسدكون أنصدد ديدر في أزع عا. س :7عددا يددو نددوع الكر دددال الدري د والكددددال الجوي د والدحري د التددي ست ون عشكول ؟ ج :7سوج تشكل األسد الكتأيدب عجكولد عتنولد عدن األصدول الدريد والجوي والدحري التي يت تنسيق ا عواسط فريدق لكدل عشدترق وعوحدد يدعج لك يال تكثل عنظوع اع في تد يب عوحد ل دى األسد ح .وفدي يددذا الدددام سيشددا ق أ ثددر عددن خكددس سددرن وأفددراد عددن سددت دول فددي الدك يددال الدحريدد انطالقددا عددن القالددد الدحريدد الك يدد األ دنيدد فددي الدقد .وسوج ت ون القوال الدحري عوجود لككا س لك يال ال يدا واإلن ال والدحث واالقتياد وع افح القرصن وسوج تدكل لن ثب عش الدول الشري لدر خ يج الدقد .وعاإلضاف إلى ذلك ،فنن ال لك ون الدر سدديتألف عددن عدد يج عددن قددوال الدك يددال الخاصدد وعددا ين عددن وحددد االسددتطالع الدحددر الراعد د والدشددرين .ولدددر أنحدداء عيددادين التددد يب الكتددد في األ دن سدوج تسدتغل ت دك القدوال أصدوال عد لد وعدفديد ويندسي وتج ي ال عي اني ي اول عد التد يدال وذلك ل كسالد ل ى قاع ي التشغيل الديني عين أنظك عكاث .وعاإلضاف إلدى ذلدك فدنن القدوال الدري سوج يدت دلك دا عواسدط عنظوعد عدن ادائرال األجنحد الثاعتد والدددوا سددواء كنصددال دل د جددو قريددب أو أنظك د نقددل وتوصدديل. وأ ثر عن 01عروحي يجوم واائرال عقات ذال أجنح ثاعت وأنظكد نقددل عتنولدد (جكاليددا) سددوج تضددكن أن تت قددى القددوال ل ددى األ ب أقصى دل أثناء الك ام الن ا ي وأثناء فترال الرؤي الكحدود .ويسداي ددل واحددد عددن ت ددك األنظك د فددي عيئ د الدك يددال إجكدداال عكددا يددوفر قددد عتردرد فدي سداح القتدال الحديثد ويدو األعدر الحاسد ل نجدا الددام أثنداء فتر الصراع. س :0يددل سيشددكل يددذا عشددا الدع وعاسي ؟
ييئددال غيددر لسدد ري عثددل ال يانددال
ج :0يدددذا الددددام سيستضددديف الكر ددد األ دندددي الدددواني لألعدددن وإدا األزعددال وعقددره لكددان سددينا يو إدا التددداليال الددذ سددوج يتط ددب وتنسدددديقا عددددين الكنظكددددال وال يئددددال الكدنيدددد والدع وعاسددددي عشددددا www.SOTECH-kmi.com
األنشط الكستقد ي و ذلك تطوير عجكول عتنول عن خطد الطدوا ل قيام عكا قد ينشأ عن عتط دال.
و كا قال وزير الدفاع عانيتا ":نحن ل ندد في الحرب الدا د عل األ جح أننا صرنا وس حرب لاصر في ا عجكولد عدن التحدديال التدي تسدتقي سرلت ا و ثافت ا عن اإل ياب وعدن التقنيدال التدي تتطدو عسدرل وعدن SOCCENT Poised for Missions in Theater, While Forging Ties with Partners الددد الكت ايد عن القوى ل ى الساح الدولي " .وحيث إن ال ثير عن ت دك التحديال الكراجئ ناعد عن نطاق عسؤولي القيداد الكر يد فننندا نددذل قد ا ديرا عدن ج دود ااقكندا عنداء ل دى التخطدي ل دل االحتكداالل .كدا Major General Kenneth E. Tovo عددذلنا ج دددا ديددرا فددي تحسددين قددد قيدداد الدك يددال الخاص د ل ددى أداء Commander الك ام كقر قياد لرريق الدكدل الكشدترقيقياد ع دون الدك يدال الخاصد Special Operations Command Central ل قددوال الكوحددد ،وذلددك لدك يددال الطددوا ال دددرى .وقددد شددرلنا فددي عرناعج تد يدي وتد يكي وعناو اتي ضخ ل تر يد ل دى ت دك الكتط ددال التدددي تسدددت ع ا الك كددد .وسدددوج يلتدددوج الدرنددداعج عتدددد يدال "األسدددد س :1حيث تستقر في قيادتك الجديدد عددد لك دك عسدالدا ً لقائدد الررقد الكتأيددب" التاعد د ل قيدداد الكر ي د التددي سددت ون في ددا القيدداد الكر ي د في ألكانيا ،عدا يدي الكدداد ال الجديدد التدي تتدد دا فدي القيداد الكر يد ل دك يال الخاص عكثاع عقرال قياد لرريق الدكل الكشترق. ل دك يال الخاص ()SOCCENT؟ س :2عا يي التدديالل التي اتخذت ا القياد الكر يد ل دك يدال الخاصد ج :1لقد نت عحظوظا ً أن أ ث خط حك قوي وأثدرا ً لك ياتيدا ً عدد سحب القوال في الدراق؟ اسخا ً عن س ري ويو عا اشتكل ل ى الدديد عدن نقداا القيداد والدتح ج :2عددا زلنددا ع ت د عين عدددل وحدددال قددوال الدك يددال الخاصد الدراقي د (القوالدددد األعاعيددد لقيددداد الدك يدددال الخاصددد ) الكوزلددد لددددر عسدددر لك يال القياد الكر ي .وتوفر يذه النقاا قاعد يوعيد لدك يدال قدوال التددي تد نشددريا أثندداء لك يد حري د الدددراق .وأتصددو أنددف فددي الكسددتقدل الدك يال الخاص وإجراءات ا وأنشطت ا لضدكان أن دا تسداي فدي الج دود القريب سوج نددأ أنشط اشتداق تق يدي في عسر الدك يال فدي الددراق وأن ا عدني ضكن خط لكل ئيس الددث في الدول .و غ أنندا قدد قكندا عددش شددر ائنا .وحتددى ذلددك الوقددت فنننددا سددوج نسدددى القتنددا الرددر ل دكل عد خا ج الدراق أثناء التد يدال اإلق يكيد عثدل تدد يدال األسدد ندا عدظد ج ودندا ل دى تخطدي عصقل عدض جوانب الخطد إال أنندا الكتأيب القادع والكؤتكرال والكنتديال األخرى .وعالطدش فنن الدتخ األنشط الكستقد ي و ذلك تطوير عجكول عتنول عن خطد الطدوا عن االلت ام ال دير لقوال الدك يال الخاص األعري ي في الدراق قد أتا ل قيام عكا قد ينشأ عن عتط دال. لنددا االنخددراا عنشدداا أ دددر عددش شددر اء إق يكيددين آخددرين ئيسدديين عثددل و كا قال وزير الدفاع عانيتا ":نحن ل ندد في الحرب الدا د عل األ جح اإلعا ال الدرعي الكتحد وقوال الدك يال الخاص عدول خ يجي أخدرى أننا صرنا وس حرب لاصر في ا عجكولد عدن التحدديال التدي تسدتقي واأل دن ولدندددان عدددش إلطددداء عؤشدددرال عانخرددداب الط دددب إلدددى الددددول سرلت ا و ثافت ا عن اإل ياب وعدن التقنيدال التدي تتطدو عسدرل وعدن الكوفر ل قوال. الددد الكت ايد عن القوى ل ى الساح الدولي " .وحيث إن ال ثير عن ت دك التحديال الكراجئ ناعد عن نطاق عسؤولي القيداد الكر يد فننندا نددذل س :3عا يي التدديالل التي تتوقش أن تتخذيا القيداد الكر يد ل دك يدال قد ا ديرا عدن ج دود ااقكندا عنداء ل دى التخطدي ل دل االحتكداالل .كدا الخاص ال سيكا عدش خردض القدوال فدي أفغانسدتان؟ ويدل حيدل القدوال عددذلنا ج دددا ديددرا فددي تحسددين قددد قيدداد الدك يددال الخاص د ل ددى أداء النظاعي يدني إيقاع لك ياتي أل ى ل دك يال الخاصد فدي لك يد الحريد الدائك ؟ الك ام كقر قياد لرريق الدكدل الكشدترقيقياد ع دون الدك يدال الخاصد ل قددوال الكوحددد ،وذلددك لدك يددال الطددوا ال دددرى .وقددد شددرلنا فددي ج :3لقدد عقيندا ع تد عين عداألعن واالسددتقرا فدي أفغانسدتان .وخدالل فتددر عرناعج تد يدي وتد يكي وعناو اتي ضخ ل تر يد ل دى ت دك الكتط ددال عددن خردددض القدددوال ستسدددتكر لناصددرنا الخاصددد فدددي تطدددوير وحددددال التدددي تسدددت ع ا الك كددد .وسدددوج يلتدددوج الدرنددداعج عتدددد يدال "األسدددد ال وعاندوز األفغانيد .وعاإلضداف إلدى ذلدك فدنن عرنداعج اسدتقرا القدرى الكتأيددب" التاعد د ل قيدداد الكر ي د التددي سددت ون في ددا القيدداد الكر ي د يو الخ الرئيسي ل ج ود فدي خطد الحك د الحاليد .وأتوقدش أنندا سدنرى ل دك يال الخاص عكثاع عقرال قياد لرريق الدكل الكشترق. تر ي ا عتواصال ل ى تطوير الشدرا الكح يد األفغانيد التدي تددل يدذا س :2عا يي التدديالل التي اتخذت ا القياد الكر يد ل دك يدال الخاصد عدد سحب القوال في الدراق؟ ج :2عددا زلنددا ع ت د عين عدددل وحدددال قددوال الدك يددال الخاصد الدراقي د التددي تد نشددريا أثندداء لك يد حري د الدددراق .وأتصددو أنددف فددي الكسددتقدل القريب سوج نددأ أنشط اشتداق تق يدي في عسر الدك يال فدي الددراق عددش شددر ائنا .وحتددى ذلددك الوقددت فنننددا سددوج نسدددى القتنددا الرددر ل دكل عد خا ج الدراق أثناء التد يدال اإلق يكيد عثدل تدد يدال األسدد الكتأيب القادع والكؤتكرال والكنتديال األخرى .وعالطدش فنن الدتخ www.SOTECH-kmi.comالدك يال الخاص األعري ي في الدراق قد أتا عن االلت ام ال دير لقوال
الج ددد لترسددي األعددن الكح ددي والتنكي د والددرواع عددش ح وعد الكديري د . وإجكدداال أتوقددش الت د ام قددوال الدك يددال الخاص د أن تدقددى لنددد أو قددرب الكستويال الحالي .وعش يذا وفي ظل خرض القوال التق يديد فدنن قدوال الدك يال الخاص ستصدح نسديا ع ونا أ در ع ثيدر ضدكن القدوال .وعدن الكد ر جدا توقش الطديد الدقيق أو عدى ج ودنا فيكا عدد 2113ألن يذا إنكا يدتكد ل دى عحصد القدرا ال الوانيد .وأتوقدش أنندا سدوج نواصدل دل قوال الدك يال الخاص األفغاني عطريق عا عث كا نردل عش شدر ائنا اإلق يكيين اآلخرين. ددان 10.3رافين س :4لدَّددر األعيددرال إيريددك أولسددون واألعيددرال عيددل عددا القائ|د A5 SOTECH
ﻳﯾﺴﺎﻫﮬﮪھﻢ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻥن ﻓﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺪﻳﯾﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﻤﻬﮭﺎﻡم ﺍاﻹﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﯿﺔ ﻭوﻣﻬﮭﻤﺎﺕت ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍاﻟﺴﻼﻡم ﻭوﻳﯾﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃأﻛﺜﺮ ﺍاﻟﺪﻭوﻝل ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﺎﺭرﻙك ﺑﻤﺜﻞ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺓة ﺍاﻟﻮﺍاﺟﺒﺎﺕت ﺗﺤﺖ ﻣﻈﻠﺔ ﺍاﻷﻣﻢ ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓة ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍاﻟﺴﺎﺧﻨﺔ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺇإﺭرﺗﺮﻳﯾﺎ ﻭوﺇإﺛﻴﯿﻮﺑﻴﯿﺎ ﻭوﺳﺎﺣﻞ ﺍاﻟﻌﺎﺝج ﻭوﺍاﻟﻌﺪﻳﯾﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍاﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍاﻷﺧﺮﻯى .ﻭوﻳﯾﺘﺠﺎﻭوﺯز ﻋﺪﺩد ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻧﻴﯿﻴﯿﻦ ﺍاﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭرﻛﻴﯿﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﻩه ﺍاﻟﻤﻬﮭﻤﺎﺕت 14ﺃأﻟﻔﺎ ﻓﻲ 13ﺑﻠﺪﺍا .ﻭوﻗﺪ ﺃأﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍاﻟﺪﻭوﻝل ﺗﻌﺎﻭوﻧﺎ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻳﯾﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻥن ﻫﮬﮪھﻮ ﺛﻤﺮﺓة ﻣﺎ ﺃأﺛﺒﺘﻪﮫ ﺍاﻟﺠﻨﻮﺩد ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻧﻴﯿﻮﻥن ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ ،٬ﻭوﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﯾﺪﺍا ،٬ﻣﻦ ﻣﻬﮭﻨﻴﯿﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﺛﻨﺎء ﺗﻨﻔﻴﯿﺬﻫﮬﮪھﻢ ﻟﻤﺜﻞ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺓة ﺍاﻟﻤﻬﮭﺎﻡم. ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡم ،٬2004ﺃأﻃﻠﻖ ﺟﻼﻟﺔ ﺍاﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻣﺒﺎﺩدﺭرﺓة ﻏﻴﯿﺮ ﻣﺴﺒﻮﻗﺔ ﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻄﺮﻑف ﻭوﻣﺎ ﻳﯾﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪﮫ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﯿﺮﺍاﺕت ﻣﺘﺸﺪﺩدﺓة ،٬ﻭوﺫذﻟﻚ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺍاﺳﺘﻀﺎﻓﺖ ﻋﻤﺎﻥن ﻋﻠﻤﺎء ﻣﺴﻠﻤﻴﯿﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻓﺔ ﺃأﻧﺤﺎء ﺍاﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﻟﻜﺸﻒ ﺯزﻳﯾﻒ ﻭوﺗﻌﺮﻳﯾﺔ ﺍاﻷﻳﯾﺪﻳﯾﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﻄﺮﻓﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻬﮭﺪﺩد ﺍاﻟﺴﻼﻡم ﻭوﺍاﻷﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﺪﻭوﻟﻲ .ﻭوﻗﺪ ﻧﺘﺞ ﻋﻦ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﻩه ﺍاﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩدﺭرﺓة ﺭرﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﻤﺎﻥن ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻬﮭﺪﻑف ﺇإﻟﻰ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻗﻴﯿﻢ ﺍاﻹﺳﻼﻡم ﺍاﻟﺤﻨﻴﯿﻒ ﺍاﻟﺬﻱي ﻳﯾﺤﺮﻡم ﺍاﻟﻌﺪﻭوﺍاﻥن ﺍاﻟﺠﺎﺋﺮ ﻭوﺍاﻹﺭرﻫﮬﮪھﺎﺏب ﻭوﻳﯾﻌﺰﺯز ﻗﻴﯿﻢ ﺍاﻟﻜﺮﺍاﻣﺔ ﺍاﻟﺒﺸﺮﻳﯾﺔ ﻭوﺍاﻟﺤﺮﻳﯾﺔ ﻭوﺍاﻟﺴﻼﻡم ﻭوﺍاﻟﻌﺪﺍاﻟﺔ .ﻭوﻗﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﺔ ﺭرﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﻤﺎﻥن ﺇإﻟﻰ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻭوﻭوﺍاﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺽض ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻧﻴﯿﺔ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕت ﻭوﺍاﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥن ،٬ﻭوﺍاﻟﺬﻱي ﻳﯾﻬﮭﺪﻑف ﺇإﻟﻰ ﺣﺮﻣﺎﻥن ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﻤﺮﺩدﻳﯾﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﺘﻌﺎﻃﻒ ﺍاﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ ﻭوﺍاﻟﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﻤﺸﺎﻋﺮ ﺍاﻟﻌﺪﻭوﺍاﻧﻴﯿﺔ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻗﻮﺓة ﺍاﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓة ﺍاﻷﻣﻨﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﺪﻭوﻟﻴﯿﺔ )ﺇإﻳﯾﺴﺎﻑف(. ﺳﺆﺍاﻝل :6ﻣﺎ ﻫﮬﮪھﻲ ﺍاﻟﻤﻮﺍاﺻﻔﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺒﺤﺜﻮﻥن ﻋﻨﻬﮭﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﻤﺠﻨﺪﻳﯾﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻬﮭﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻧﻴﯿﺔ؟ ﻫﮬﮪھﻞ ﻳﯾﻤﻜﻦ ﺃأﻥن ﺗﻮﺿﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻻﺧﺘﻴﯿﺎﺭر ﻟﺪﻳﯾﻜﻢ؟ ﻳﯾﺘﻢ ﺍاﻻﻧﻀﻤﺎﻡم ﺇإﻟﻰ ﺍاﻟﻘﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻤﺴﻠﺤﺔ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻧﻴﯿﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃأﺳﺎﺱس ﻃﻮﻋﻲ ،٬ﻭوﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺍا ﻳﯾﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﺃأﻳﯾﻀﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ .ﻭوﺃأﻭوﻝل ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺘﻄﻮﻉع ﻫﮬﮪھﻮ ﺍاﻟﺮﻏﺒﺔ ﻟﺪﻯى ﺍاﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻻﻧﻀﻤﺎﻡم ﺇإﻟﻰ ﺇإﺧﻮﺗﻪﮫ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﺴﻼﺡح ﻓﻲ ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ،٬ﻭوﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﻘﺪﻣﻴﯿﻦ ﺍاﺟﺘﻴﯿﺎﺯز ﺍاﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭرﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻠﻴﯿﺎﻗﺔ ﺍاﻟﺼﺤﻴﯿﺔ ﻭوﺍاﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﯿﺔ .ﻓﻔﻲ ﺍاﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ ﺍاﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ ،٬ﻳﯾﺠﺮﻱي ﺍاﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻳﯾﺪ ﻣﺨﺘﺺ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻱي ﻟﻜﻲ ﻧﻘﻴﯿﻢ ﺍاﻟﺴﻤﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﺸﺨﺼﻲ ﻭوﺍاﻟﻘﻴﯿﺎﺩدﻳﯾﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻘﺪﻡم .ﺛﻢ ﻳﯾﺘﻢ ﺇإﺟﺮﺍاء ﻛﺸﻒ ﻃﺒﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﻘﺪﻡم ﻭوﻳﯾﺠﺮﻯى ﻟﻪﮫ ﺍاﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭر ﻟﻴﯿﺎﻗﺔ ﺑﺪﻧﻴﯿﺔ .ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫذﻟﻚ ﻳﯾﺘﻢ ﺇإﺩدﺧﺎﻝل ﻣﻦ ﻳﯾﺘﺠﺎﻭوﺯزﻭوﻥن ﻋﻤﻠﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻻﺧﺘﻴﯿﺎ���ر ﺍاﻷﻭوﻟﻴﯿﺔ ﺇإﻟﻰ ﻣﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻭوﻟﻤﺪﺓة ﺷﻬﮭﺮ ﻳﯾﺨﻀﻌﻮﻥن ﻓﻴﯿﻪﮫ ﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺒﺎﺕت ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ .ﻭوﺍاﻟﻬﮭﺪﻑف ﻣﻦ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺍا ﺍاﻟﻤﻌﺴﻜﺮ ﻫﮬﮪھﻮ ﺍاﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭر ﻗﺪﺭرﺓة ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﺪﺭرﺑﻴﯿﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺿﻐﻂ ﺑﺪﻧﻲ ﻭوﺫذﻫﮬﮪھﻨﻲ .ﻭوﺑﻌﺪ ﺇإﺗﻤﺎﻡم ﺍاﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ،٬ﻳﯾﺨﻀﻊ ﺍاﻟﻤﺠﻨﺪﻭوﻥن ﻟﺪﻭوﺭرﺍاﺕت ﺗﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺒﻴﯿﺔ ﻛﻤﻈﻠﻴﯿﻴﯿﻦ ﻭوﺍاﻟﺼﺎﻋﻘﺔ. ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﻤﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍاﻻﺧﻴﯿﺮﺓة ﻳﯾﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﺯزﻳﯾﻊ ﻣﻦ ﻳﯾﺠﺘﺎﺯز ﻛﺎﻓﺔ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺓة ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﻰ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻭوﺣﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹص ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ ﻟﻴﯿﺼﺎﺭر ﺍاﻟﻰ ﺍاﻋﺪﺍاﺩدﻫﮬﮪھﻢ ﺍاﻋﺪﺍاﺩدﺍاً ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻴﯿﺎً ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﯾﺨﺪﻡم ﻣﻬﮭﺎﻣﻬﮭﻢ ﺍاﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﯿﺔ. ﺳﺆﺍاﻝل : 7ﻣﺎ ﻫﮬﮪھﻲ ﺭرﺅؤﻳﯾﺘﻜﻢ ﺍاﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﯿﺔ ﻭوﺗﻮﺟﻴﯿﻬﮭﺎﺗﻜﻢ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ ﻟﻠﺴﻨﺔ ﻗﺎﺩدﻣﺔ.
SOTECH 10.3 | A4
ﺍاﻧﺎ ﺃأﺅؤﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﻥن ﺍاﻟﻘﻮﺓة ﺍاﻟﺒﺸﺮﻳﯾﺔ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺍاﻟﻌﺎﻣﻮﺩد ﺍاﻟﻔﻘﺮﻱي ﻓﻲ ﺑﻨﺎء ﻗﺪﺭرﺍاﺕت ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺍا ﺍاﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ ﻭوﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﺪﺭرﻙك ﺍاﻟﻘﺪﺍاﺭرﺍاﺕت ﻭوﺍاﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﯾﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﯾﻮﺍاﺟﻬﮭﺎ ﻣﻨﺘﺴﺒﻮﺍا ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺍا ﺍاﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ .ﻣﻦ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺍا ﺍاﻟﻤﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﻳﯾﺤﺘﻞ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﯿﻦ ﺍاﻟﻈﺮﻭوﻑف ﺍاﻟﻤﻌﻴﯿﺸﻴﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺘﺴﺒﻲ ﺍاﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ ﺳﻠﻢ ﺍاﻭوﻟﻮﻳﯾﺎﺗﻲ .ﻟﺬﺍا ﻧﺴﻌﻰ ﻻﺩدﺍاﻣﺔ ﺍاﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝل ﻣﻊ ﻋﺎﺋﻼﺕت ﺍاﻟﺠﻨﻮﺩد ﻭوﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺍاﺅؤﻻﺋﻚ ﺍاﻟﺬﻳﯾﻦ ﻓﻘﺪﻭوﺍا ﻣﻌﻴﯿﻠﻴﯿﻬﮭﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺘﺴﺒﻲ ﺍاﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ ﺍاﺛﻨﺎء ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺃأﻭو ﺍاﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ .ﻭوﻣﻦ ﺃأﺟﻞ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺓة ﺍاﻟﻐﺎﻳﯾﺔ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﯿﺲ ﻓﺮﻳﯾﻖ ﺍاﻻﺳﻨﺎﺩد ﺍاﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ ﻟﻴﯿﻘﻮﻡم ﺑﻬﮭﺬﺍا ﺍاﻟﻮﺍاﺟﺐ .ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺴﻌﻰ ﻟﺰﻳﯾﺎﺩدﺓة ﺍاﻻﻫﮬﮪھﺘﻤﺎﻡم ﺑﺘﺄﻫﮬﮪھﻴﯿﻞ ﺿﺒﺎﻁط ﺻﻒ ﺍاﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ ﻭوﺍاﻋﻄﺎﺋﻬﮭﻢ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﺍاﻭوﺳﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﯿﺔ ﺻﻨﻊ ﺍاﻟﻘﺮﺍاﺭر. ﺛﺎﻧﻴﯿﺎً :ﻓﺎﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺴﻌﻰ ﻷﻥن ﺗﻜﻮﻥن ﺑﺮﺍاﻣﺠﻨﺎ ﻭوﺧﻄﻄﻨﺎ ﺍاﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺒﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﺴﻨﻮﻳﯾﺔ ﻗﺎﺩدﺭرﺓة ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﯿﻖ ﻃﻤﻮﺣﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻬﮭﻮﺽض ﺑﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯى ﺍاﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ ﻭوﻗﺎﺩدﺭرﺓة ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺍاﺟﻬﮭﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻬﮭﺪﻳﯾﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻷﻣﻨﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﯿﺔ ﻭوﺍاﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﯿﺔ .ﻟﺬﺍا ﻧﺴﻌﻰ ﻟﻠﺘﺮﻛﻴﯿﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ﻳﯾﻌﺰﺯز ﻣﻔﻬﮭﻮﻡم ﻗﻮﺓة ﺍاﻟﻮﺍاﺟﺐ ﺍاﻟﻤﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ. ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎً :ﻧﺮﻳﯾﺪ ﺍاﻥن ﻧﻨﺘﺒﻪﮫ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍاﺭر ﻟﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﯿﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻄﻮﺭر ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎﻝل ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻷﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﻀﺮﻭوﺭرﺓة ﺍاﺩدﺍاﻣﺔ ﺗﺰﻭوﻳﯾﺪ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺑﺎﻷﺩدﻭوﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻀﺮﻭوﺭرﻳﯾﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻤﻜﻨﻬﮭﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍاﻧﺠﺎﺯز ﻣﻬﮭﺎﻣﻬﮭﻢ ﺑﻨﺠﺎﺡح.
TIMELY BATTLEFIELD DECISIONS DEMAND ACCURATE INTELLIGENCE
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ﺳﺆﺍاﻝل :3ﻓﻲ ﺳﻴﯿﺎﻕق ﺍاﻟﺒﻴﯿﺌﺔ ﺍاﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍاﻟﺤﺎﺿﺮ ،٬ﻫﮬﮪھﻞ ﺗﺸﺠﻊ ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻠﺪﻙك ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ ﻧﻈﻴﯿﺮﺍاﺗﻬﮭﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺩدﻭوﻝل ﺧﺎﺭرﺝج ﺍاﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔﻭوﺍاﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑف ﻋﻠﻴﯿﻬﮭﺎ؟ ﺟﻮﺍاﺏب :ﻓﻲ ﺧﻄﺎﺏب ﻟﺠﻼﻟﺔ ﺍاﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻋﺒﺪﺍاﷲ ﻓﻲ ﺃأﻋﻘﺎﺏب ﻫﮬﮪھﺠﻤﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺤﺎﺩدﻱي ﻋﺸﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﺒﺮ ،٬ﺃأﺷﺎﺭر ﺟﻼﻟﺘﻪﮫ ﺇإﻟﻰ ﺃأﻧﻪﮫ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍاﻟﺬﻱي ﻳﯾﺘﺤﺪ ﻓﻴﯿﻪﮫ ﺃأﻋﺪﺍاء ﺍاﻟﺴﻼﻡم ﻭوﺍاﻷﻣﻦ ﻭوﻳﯾﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥن ﻣﻌﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻄﺎﻕق ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻲ ،٬ﻧﺠﺪ ﺃأﻥن ﺃأﺻﺪﻗﺎء ﺍاﻟﺴﻼﻡم ﻭوﺍاﻷﻣﻦ ﻻ ﻳﯾﻨﺴﻘﻮﻥن ﻭوﻳﯾﺘﻌﺎﻭوﻧﻮﻥن ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﯾﻜﻔﻲ .ﻭوﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﯿﻖ ﺭرﺅؤﻳﯾﺔ ﺟﻼﻟﺔ ﺍاﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻌﺎﻭوﻥن ﻭوﺗﻨﺴﻴﯿﻖ ﺩدﻭوﻟﻲ ﺃأﻛﺒﺮ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﯿﻪﮫ ﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﺍاﻟﺴﻼﻡم ﻭوﺍاﻷﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﺪﻭوﻟﻲ ،٬ﻓﺈﻥن ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺗﻘﻮﺩد ﺟﻬﮭﻮﺩد ﺍاﻟﻘﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻤﺴﻠﺤﺔ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻧﻴﯿﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﺰﻳﯾﺰ ﺍاﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭوﻥن ﻣﻊ ﻧﻈﺮﺍاﺋﻨﺎ ﺇإﻗﻠﻴﯿﻤﻴﯿﺎ ﻭوﻋﺎﻟﻤﻴﯿﺎً ﻭوﺫذﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝل ﺗﺒﺎﺩدﻝل ﻓﺮﺹص ﺍاﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ﻭوﺍاﻟﺨﺒﺮﺍاﺕت ﻭوﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝل ﺍاﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭرﻛﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺣﻘﻴﯿﻘﻴﯿﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺩدﻭوﻝل ﺃأﺧﺮﻯى ،٬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻨﻔﺬ ﻓﻲ ﺃأﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥن ﻭوﺃأﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺃأﺧﺮﻯى ﺇإﻟﻰ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺤﻠﻔﺎء .ﻭوﻛﻤﺎ ﺃأﺷﺮﺕت ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎً ،٬ﻓﺈﻥن ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍاﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻋﺒﺪﺍاﷲ ﺍاﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺃأﻧﺸﺊ ﻛﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻣﺤﻮﺭرﻳﯾﺔ ﻟﺘﺒﺎﺩدﻝل ﺍاﻟﺨﺒﺮﺍاﺕت ﺇإﻗﻠﻴﯿﻤﻴﯿﺎ ﻭوﺩدﻭوﻟﻴﯿﺎً ﻟﺘﻌﺰﻳﯾﺰ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﻩه ﺍاﻟﺮﺅؤﻳﯾﺔ. ﺳﺆﺍاﻝل :4ﻣﺎ ﻫﮬﮪھﻲ ﺍاﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻬﮭﺘﻤﻮﻥن ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺼﻮﻝل ﻋﻠﻴﯿﻬﮭﺎ ﺃأﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻴﯿﺮﻫﮬﮪھﺎ ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻔﻴﯿﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﮭﺎ ﺍاﻟﻘﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻋﻨﺪﻛﻢ؟ ﻫﮬﮪھﻞ ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺟﻮﻥن ﻟﺰﻳﯾﺎﺩدﺓة ﻗﺪﺭرﺗﻬﮭﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝل ﺃأﻡم ﺳﺮﻋﺔ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻬﮭﺎ ﺃأﻡم ﺗﺤﺴﻴﯿﻦ ﺍاﺗﺼﺎﻻﺗﻬﮭﺎ ﺃأﻡم ﻗﺪﺭرﺗﻬﮭﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻟﺤﻤﺎﻳﯾﺔ ﺃأﻡم ﻏﻴﯿﺮ ﺫذﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕت ﺍاﻟﺮﺋﻴﯿﺴﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻷﺧﺮﻯى؟ ﺟﻮﺍاﺏب :ﺍاﻻﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭر ﻓﻲ ﺭرﺃأﺱس ﺍاﻟﻤﺎﻝل ﺍاﻟﺒﺸﺮﻱي ﻟﺪﻳﯾﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃأﻫﮬﮪھﻢ ﺃأﻭوﻟﻮﻳﯾﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺳﻴﯿﺎﻕق ﻋﻤﻠﻴﯿﺔ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﯾﺮ ﻗﻴﯿﺎﺩدﺓة ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ .ﻭوﺑﺎﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﺈﻧﻨﺎ ﻻ ﻧﺘﺠﺎﻫﮬﮪھﻞ ﺣﺎﺟﺘﻨﺎ ﺍاﻟﻰ ﺍاﻻﻫﮬﮪھﺘﻤﺎﻡم ﺑﺘﻄﻮﻳﯾﺮ ﺍاﻣﻜﻨﻴﯿﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﺍاﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺰﺯز ﻣﻦ ﻗﺪﺭرﺍاﺗﻨﺎ .ﻓﻔﻲ ﺍاﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍاﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ﺗﺮﻛﺰ ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺍاﻟﻤﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﺩدﺍاﻣﺔ ﻭوﺗﻄﻮﻳﯾﺮ ﻟﺴﺘﺨﺪﺍاﻡم ﻣﻔﻬﮭﻮﻡم ] C4ISRﺍاﻟﻘﻴﯿﺎﺩدﺓة ،٬ﺍاﻟﺴﻴﯿﻄﺮﺓة،٬ ﺍاﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕت ،٬ﺍاﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﯿﻮﺗﺮ ،٬ﺍاﻻﺳﺘﺨﺒﺎﺭرﺍاﺕت ،٬ﺍاﻟﻤﺮﺍاﻗﺒﺔ ،٬ﺍاﻻﺳﺘﻄﻼﻉع[ .ﺍاﻳﯾﻀﺎً, ﻳﯾﻌﺪ ﻃﻴﯿﺮﺍاﻥن ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻏﺎﻳﯾﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻷﻫﮬﮪھﻤﻴﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ ﻟﻤﺎ ﻳﯾﻮﻓﺮﺓة ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺍا ﺍاﻟﻠﻮﺍاءﻣﻦ ﺍاﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ،٬ﻟﺬﺍا ﻓﺈﻥن ﺗﺰﻭوﻳﯾﺪﻩه ﺑﺎﻷﺩدﻭوﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻀﺮﻭوﺭرﻳﯾﺔ ﻫﮬﮪھﻮ ﺃأﺣﺪ ﺃأﻭوﻟﻮﻳﯾﺎﺗﻨﺎ .ﻭوﺧﺘﺎﻣﺎ ﻓﺈﻧﻨﺎ ﺳﻨﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺠﻬﮭﻴﯿﺰ ﻭوﺣﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ ﻟﺪﻳﯾﻨﺎ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﺘﺎﺟﻪﮫ ﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭرﺑﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻬﮭﺪﻳﯾﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﯿﺪﻳﯾﺔ ﻭوﻏﻴﯿﺮ ﺍاﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﯿﺪﻳﯾﺔ ﺑﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﯿﺔ ﻭوﻛﻔﺎءﺓة ،٬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫذﻟﻚ ﺃأﻧﻈﻤﺔ ﺃأﺳﻠﺤﺔ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﺔ ﻭوﻏﻴﯿﺮﻫﮬﮪھﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﻀﺮﻭوﺭرﻳﯾﺔ ﻟﺠﻨﺪﻱي ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻭوﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍاﻟﻤﺼﻤﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﻤﺎﻳﯾﺔ. ﺳﺆﺍاﻝل :5ﻣﺎ ﻫﮬﮪھﻲ ﺃأﻫﮬﮪھﻤﻴﯿﺔ ﻗﻮﺍاﺗﻜﻢ ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﺴﻴﯿﺎﺳﺔ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻥن ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺭرﺟﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺤﻔﻆ ﺍاﻟﺴﻼﻡم ﻭوﺍاﻟﻌﻮﻥن ﺍاﻹﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ؟ ﻫﮬﮪھﻞ ﻟﻘﻮﺍاﺗﻜﻢ ﺩدﻭوﺭر ﻓﻲ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﻩه ﺍاﻟﻤﻬﮭﻤﺎﺕت؟
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W W W . S O T E C H - K M I . C O M
SOTECH 10.3 | A2
Special Forces Leader
ﺳﺆﺍاﻝل :1ﻫﮬﮪھﻞ ﻳﯾﻤﻜﻦ ﺃأﻥن ﺗﺰﻭوﺩدﻧﺎ ﺑﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕت ﺃأﺳﺎﺳﻴﯿﺔ ﺣﻮﻝل ﻗﻴﯿﺎﺩدﺓة ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻧﻴﯿﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﯿﺚ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﯿﻤﻬﮭﺎ ﻭوﺣﺠﻤﻬﮭﺎ ﻭوﻫﮬﮪھﻴﯿﻜﻠﻬﮭﺎ؟ ﺟﻮﺍاﺏب :ﻣﻨﺬ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﯿﺲ ﺍاﻟﻨﻮﺍاﺓة ﺍاﻻﻭوﻟﻰ ﻟﻠﻘﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻥن ﻋﺎﻡم ،٬1963ﺧُﻄﻂ ﻷﻥن ﻳﯾﻜﻮﻥن ﺑﻨﺎﺋﻬﮭﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﯿﺚ ﺍاﻟﺤﺠﻢ ﻭوﺍاﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﯿﻢ ﺑﻨﺎءً ﻣﺮﻧﺎً ﻭوﺩدﻳﯾﻨﺎﻣﻴﯿﻜﻴﯿﺎً ﻛﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﯿﻊ ﺃأﻥن ﺗﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍاﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﯾﺎﺕت ﺍاﻷﻣﻨﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﯿﺮﺓة ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﺍاﺟﻪﮫ ﺃأﻣﻨﻨﺎ ﺍاﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ،٬ﻭوﻗﺪ ﺗﻄﻮﺭر ﺍاﻟﻬﮭﻴﯿﻜﻞ ﺍاﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﯿﻤﻲ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺒﻴﯿﺮ ﻋﺒﺮ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺍاﻟﻘﺮﻥن ﺍاﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ ﻭوﺫذﻟﻚ ﺍاﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻴﯿﺮﺍاﺕت ﻓﻲ ﻃﺒﻴﯿﻌﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻬﮭﺪﻳﯾﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺪﺍاﺧﻠﻴﯿﺔ ﻭوﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺭرﺟﻴﯿﺔ ،٬ﻭوﺑﺎﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺮ ﻓﺈﻥن ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺪﺭرﺟﺖ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺸﺄﺗﻬﮭﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺮﻳﯾﺔ ﻣﻈﻠﻴﯿﻴﯿﻦ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩدﺓة ﺍاﻟﻤﻬﮭﻤﺎﺕت ﻭوﺍاﻟﻮﺍاﺟﺒﺎﺕت ﻓﻲ ﺃأﻭوﺍاﺋﻞ ﺍاﻟﺴﺘﻴﯿﻨﺎﺕت ﺇإﻟﻰ ﻟﻮﺍاء ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻳﯾﻀﻢ ﻋﺪﺓة ﻭوﺣﺪﺍاﺕت ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﺜﻤﺎﻧﻴﯿﻨﺎﺕت ،٬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﯿﻬﮭﺎ ﻭوﺣﺪﺓة ﻣﻈﻠﻴﯿﻴﯿﻦ ﻭوﻭوﺣﺪﺓة ﻋﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻭوﻭوﺣﺪﺓة ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺇإﺭرﻫﮬﮪھﺎﺏب ﻣﺤﺪﻭوﺩدﺓة ﺍاﻟﺤﺠﻢ .ﻭوﻓﻲ ﺑﺪﺍاﻳﯾﺎﺕت ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺍا ﺍاﻟﻘﺮﻥن ﻭوﻣﻊ ﺑﺮﻭوﺯز ﺗﺤﺪﻳﯾﺎﺕت ﺟﺪﻳﯾﺪﺓة ﺃأﻣﺎﻡم ﺍاﻷﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ،٬ﺃأﻧﺸﺄﺕت ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻥن ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺷﺒﻪﮫ ﻋﺴﻜﺮﻳﯾﺔ ﻫﮬﮪھﻲ ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺪﺭرﻙك .ﻛﺎﻥن ﺍاﻟﻬﮭﺪﻑف ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﯿﺲ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﻩه ﺍاﻟﻘﻮﺓة ﺍاﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﯾﺔ ﺍاﻟﺠﺪﻳﯾﺪﺓة ﻣﻮﺍاﺟﻬﮭﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﯾﺎﺕت ﺍاﻷﻣﻨﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﺪﺍاﺧﻠﻴﯿﺔ ،٬ﻣﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻙك ﺍاﻟﻤﺠﺎﻝل ﺃأﻣﺎﻡم ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺮﻛﻴﯿﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻟﺘﻬﮭﺪﻳﯾﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺪﻓﺎﻋﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻮﺍاﺟﻪﮫ ﺍاﻟﻮﻃﻦ،٬ ﻭوﻋﻠﻴﯿﻪﮫ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﯿﺮ ﺍاﻟﻤﻔﻬﮭﻮﻡم ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺇإﻟﻰ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ .ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥن ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺍاﻟﻤﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ ﺍاﻟﻤﻠﻜﻴﯿﺔ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﯿﺎًﻭوﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺭرﺋﻴﯿﺴﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃأﻟﻮﻳﯾﺔ ﻳﯾﺮﺍاﻓﻘﻬﮭﺎ ﻋﺪﺩد ﻣﻦ ﻭوﺣﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻻﺳﻨﺎﺩد ﻭوﺍاﻟﺨﺪﻣﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﻘﻴﯿﺎﺳﻴﯿﺔﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﻬﮭﻞ ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﻭوﺍاﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﻜﻴﯿﻞ ,ﻭوﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺓة ﺍاﻷﻟﻮﻳﯾﺔ ﻫﮬﮪھﻲ. ﻟﻮﺍاء ﺍاﻟﻘﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻳﯾﺘﺄﻟﻒ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻭوﻛﺘﻴﯿﺒﺔ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺇإﺭرﻫﮬﮪھﺎﺏب ﻭوﻛﺘﻴﯿﺒﺔ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭوﺇإﻧﻘﺎﺫذ .ﺣﻴﯿﺚ ﺗﻢ ﺗﺠﻬﮭﻴﯿﺰ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺍا ﺍاﻟﻠﻮﺍاء ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﯿﺚ ﺍاﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﯿﺢ ﻭوﺍاﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ﻟﻴﯿﻜﻮﻥن ﻗﺎﺩدﺭرﺍاً ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍاﻟﺘﻬﮭﺪﻳﯾﺪﺍاﺕت ﻏﻴﯿﺮ ﺍاﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﯿﺪﻳﯾﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻗﺪﺭرﺓة ﺟﻴﯿﺪﺓة ﺃأﻳﯾﻀﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺍاﺟﻬﮭﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻬﮭﺪﻳﯾﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﯿﺪﻳﯾﺔ.ﺃأﻣﺎ ﻟﻮﺍاء ﺍاﻟﺼﺎﻋﻘﺔ ﻓﻬﮭﻮ ﻣﺴﺨﺮ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺃأﻛﺒﺮ ﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭرﺑﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻬﮭﺪﻳﯾﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﯿﺪﻳﯾﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻗﺪﺭرﺍاﺕت ﺟﻴﯿﺪﺓة ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩدﻋﻢ ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻷﻣﻨﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻟﺪﺍاﺧﻠﻴﯿﺔ.ﺍاﺿﺎﻓﺘﺎً ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻫﮬﮪھﻨﺎﻙك ﻟﻮﺍاء ﻃﻴﯿﺮﺍاﻥن ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺍاﻟﺬﻱي ﻳﯾﻮﻓﺮ ﻟﻘﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻮﺍاﺟﺐ ﺍاﻟﻤﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ ﺍاﻟﻘﺪﺭرﺓة ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍاﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﻭوﺇإﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﯿﺔ ﺍاﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﺍاﻟﺴﺮﻳﯾﻌﺔ ﻭوﻣﻨﺼﺎﺕت ﺍاﻗﺘﺤﺎﻣﺘﺴﺘﻔﻴﯿﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﮭﺎ ﻓﺮﻕق ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍاﻹﺭرﻫﮬﮪھﺎﺏب ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭوﺟﻪﮫ ﺍاﻟﺨﺼﻮﺹص ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝل ﺍاﻟﻰ ﺍاﻫﮬﮪھﺪﺍاﻓﻬﮭﺎ.
ﺳﺆﺍاﻝل :2ﺗﻤﺘﻠﻚ ﺍاﻷﺭرﺩدﻥن ﻣﺮﺍاﻓﻖ ﺑﻤﻌﺎﻳﯾﻴﯿﺮ ﺩدﻭوﻟﻴﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍاﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍاﷲ ﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ .ﻛﻴﯿﻒ ﺳﺎﻋﺪ ﻫﮬﮪھﺬﺍا ﺍاﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺰﻳﯾﺰ ﺍاﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﻮﺛﻴﯿﻘﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺣﻠﻔﺎﺋﻜﻢ ﺍاﻹﻗﻠﻴﯿﻤﻴﯿﻴﯿﻦ ﻭوﻛﻴﯿﻒ ﺳﺎﻋﺪ ﺍاﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ﻭوﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ ﻧﻈﺮﺍاﺋﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﻘﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﺪﻭوﻝل ﺍاﻷﺧﺮﻯى ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﺰﻳﯾﺰ ﺇإﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﯿﺎﺗﻜﻢ؟ ﺟﻮﺍاﺏب :ﻳﯾﻌﺪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍاﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻋﺒﺪﺍاﷲ ﺍاﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ﺍاﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﯿﺎﺕت ﺍاﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻣﺮﻓﻘﺎً ﻓﺮﻳﯾﺪﺍاً ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﻋﻪﮫ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ .ﻭوﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍاﻟﻔﻜﺮﺓة ﻣﻨﻪﮫ ﺃأﺳﺎﺳﺎً ﺃأﻥن ﻳﯾﻜﻮﻥن ﻣﺮﻛﺰﺍاً ﻣﺤﻮﺭرﻳﯾﺎً ﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ﻗﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ ﻭوﻭوﺣﺪﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻷﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﺪﺍاﺧﻠﻲ ﻭوﻭوﺣﺪﺍاﺕت ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍاﻹﺭرﻫﮬﮪھﺎﺏب ،٬ﻟﻴﯿﺲ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ ،٬ﺑﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯى ﺍاﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﻛﻜﻞ .ﻭوﻳﯾﻮﻓﺮ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍاﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻋﺒﺪﺍاﷲ ﻟﻠﻤﺘﺪﺭرﺑﻴﯿﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻓﺮﻳﯾﺪﺓة ﻟﻜﺴﺐ ﺍاﻟﺨﺒﺮﺓة ﻭوﺍاﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭوﺍاﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍاﻟﻘﻮﺍاﺕت ﺍاﻟﻨﻈﻴﯿﺮﺓة ﻣﻦ ﺩدﻭوﻝل ﺃأﺧﺮﻯى ،٬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﯾﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺠﻤﻌﺎً ﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﻤﺤﺘﺮﻓﻴﯿﻦ ﺫذﻭوﻱي ﺍاﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﻯى ﺍاﻟﺮﻓﻴﯿﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍاﻹﻋﺪﺍاﺩد ﻭوﺍاﻟﻜﻔﺎءﺓة ﻭوﺍاﻟﺬﻳﯾﻦ ﻳﯾﻤﻜﻦ ﺃأﻥن ﻳﯾﻮﺣﺪﻭوﺍا ﺟﻬﮭﻮﺩدﻫﮬﮪھﻢ ﻟﻠﻮﻗﻮﻑف ﻓﻲ ﻭوﺟﻪﮫ ﺍاﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﯾﺎﺕت ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍاﻟﻌﺎﺑﺮﺓة ﻟﻠﺤﺪﻭوﺩد .ﻳﯾﺤﺘﻀﻦ ﺍاﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﻛﺎﺩدﺭرﻣﻦ ﺍاﻟﻤﺪﺭرﺑﻴﯿﻦ ﺍاﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﯿﻴﯿﻦ ،٬ﺍاﻟﺬﻳﯾﻦ ﺗﻢ ﺍاﺧﺘﻴﯿﺎﺭرﻫﮬﮪھﻢ ﺑﻌﻨﺎﻳﯾﺔ ﺑﻨﺎءً ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺆﻫﮬﮪھﻼﺗﻬﮭﻢ ﺍاﻟﻘﻮﻳﯾﺔ ﻭوﺧﺒﺮﺗﻬﮭﻢ ﺍاﻟﻤﺘﻴﯿﻨﺔ ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺠﻌﻠﻬﮭﻢ ﻣﺼﺪﺭر ﻓﺎﺋﺪﺓة ﻋﻈﻴﯿﻤﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺍاﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭرﻛﻴﯿﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﺍاﻣﺞ ﺍاﻟﺘﺪﺭرﻳﯾﺐ ﺍاﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻘﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺍاﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ. A1 | SOTECH 10.3
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