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A Seminal Masterpiece


A Furure Visionary Filmmark




INTO THE DEPTHS Lygten 16 2200 KBH NV Denmark ORD + BILLED Anne Elisabeth Stenspil Debbie Kathrine Sørensen Louise Hjelmsmark Kirsten Dencker Hansen Kirstine Lykkeberg Thomsen



This is the first edition of INTO THE DEPTHS magazine. The magazine will inform you of unique and abandoned sites in and around Berlin. In addition to this you can obtain further information about the sources of inspiration, art genre and exciting time relevant artists. There is also an introukton to the corresponding aplikation.


After World War One a new tendency emerged among the younger part of society. This was expressed through a Nihilistic and Freudian way of thinking. The keyword was expressionism emerging from having the younger part of society growing up in a society in rapid development. They didn’t think that citizenship did anything for the synergy of society, besides living off of the hardworking middleclass.

Expressionism was expressed socially as well as artistic. New art-organizations emerged, like Der Blaue Reiter, Die Brücke, and Edward Much’s painting ”The Scream” from 1893, where Much expressively painted his perception of fear. In addition a new genre in film was made. The German expressionistic film genre was lead by legendary filmmakers like Friederich Wilhelm Murnau and Fritz Lang.

The primary expression in the German expressionistic film genre was social-criticism. It highlighted the lacks of society, brought focus to the working-class, and showed how this was abused by the middleclass and the noble. In addition the general expressionistic expression was to ”turn people inside out,” to show the inner through the outer. In the film world this was expressed with a strong and distorted use of light and shadow.


Friedrich Christian Anton, filmmaker Fritz Lang Fritz Lang is not only a great film instructor, but he is one of the people who has had the greatest impact on how film looks today. In 1890 Friedrich Christian Anton Lang was born in Vienna, Austria. He was a class citizen, which made it possible for him to study in Munich and Paris. Despite of his background, he chose to be a volunteer for

the Austrian Force during the First World War but as he was injured, he became unable to fight, and as a result to that, he moved to Berlin in 1918. In Berlin he started working as a dramaturge for the producer Erich Pommer. Then in 1919 he started his carrier out by instructing the western Halbblut, and in 1920 he directed the movie Das Wandernde Bild written by Thea Von Harbou, who he would later marry.

From now on Fritz Lang and Thea Von Harbou worked as a pair, up until 1933, where the Nazis took over the power, and Lang emigrated without his wife. But in the time between 1920 and 1933, their productions, and the German film scene flourished. Some of the most known expressionistic genre films from this period, are films like Der M端de Tod from 1921, the films Dr. Mabuse der spieler from 1921 and 1922, Die Nibelungen from 1923

and 1924 and Metropolis from 1927 which took two years to finish and was at the time, the most expensive film production in history. In 1931 Lang and Von Harbou released their first tonefilm, M, which shows a horrible children murderers in action. Here uses Lang sound effects to give the murderer a identity through sounds, The childmurderer is played but the the acting debutant Peter Lorre, who Lang would later use in other films.


that tried to take ovr the world. To the nacies this seemed more of a comment to society about the political devolopment in the country than being a plot in a film.

In 1932 the film das testement das dr mabuse should have premired but two months before the nazies seized and shut down the filmpoduction. The film is about an evil criminal

Lang later postulated that Goebbels in 1932 tried to make him. This alligation is to this day not cleared but in 1933, shortly before the offer was supposedly given, lang escaped to France and later in 1935 America and left Von Harbou behind in Germany.

Lang released the film ”Fury” as his first american film. It took place in the southerns, but was a socialcomment to italian fascism. In the years after lang produced a line of films in the noir genre, whoch had its roots in german expressionism. Here he created classics like the woman in the window from 1944, Scarlet Street from 1945 and the big Heat from 1953.

where he with the filmproducer Art Brauner wrote and directed the last Dr. Mabuse film, Die Tausend Augen des Mabuse in 1969 and the film Le Mépris by Jean-Luc Godard from 1963 where Lang himself plays a stubborn and tough filmdirector. The coopperation with Art Brauner was not working well and Fritz moved back to America where he died in 1976 in Beverly Hills.

In the late 50’s Lang moved back to europe


In 1920 Germany was in a somewhat called stable period of the Weimar Republic, meaning the laws of censure had been abolished. That resulted in a flourishing in the movie picture business. Film artists like Fritz Lang,

started making films that looked critically at the society. The film Metropolis from 1927 portrays a science fiction dystopia working society. The film shows the divide between upper and lower class in a capitalistic society, where money is the root to success and as well as loss. The great divides are ex p r e s s i o n i s t i c a l l y shown by the lower class lives underneath the earths surface in an underground society, as a contrast to the upper class, who is living

on the top of the world in the Fritz Langs dystrophic interpretation of Babel Tower. It is said that the entire architecture in the movie is a reflection of Langs impression of the Manhattan. As the movie is futuristic, it becomes less of a critical comment to the current society as a warning of what the society might become, if it stays on the momentary track. The film itself cost 5 million Reichsmark and was at the time the

most expensive movie ever made. It took two years to finish but a short time after its premiere the film was trimmed down. The fanatic fans of Fritz Lang and Metropolis are still today looking for the missing scenes, and in 2008 some of them were found in Argentina. The next two years the film was under restoration, and finally it had premiere again at the Berlinale in February 2010.


The concept in our application is to create an alternative to the mainstream tourist experience.

ences, newly discovered sites and of course your pictures. Go explore!

You can through our application visit a number of abandoned sites in Berlin. You can through this also obtain further information about the sites and share your photos so that other users can benefit from them. In addition, you can also visit our Facebook page (http://www.facebook. com/IntoTheDepths) and share your experi-


The original purpose of Bellitz-Heilstatten sanitarioum was to create a hospital which had the primary function to house the people from the working class, who suffered from illnesses such as Tuberculoses.

In 1898 the military complex Bellitz-Heilstatten sanitorium, was built from the drawings of the architect Heino Schmiedens.

In connection with world war one the Bellitz-Heilstatten was temperpraly made into a military hospital. Where injured soldierswere brought in for treatment. Among them was Adolf Hitler, who was enrolled af-

ter the fall of 1916 after having been hurt in the leg at the battle of Somme.

litz-Heilstatten and it remained a soviet military hospital up until 1995.

After the first world war, the war BellitzHeilstatten Sanatorium was reopened as a civil hospital and had that function for a few years, but it was again made into a military hospital when the second world war started.

Later, efforts were made to privalise Bellitz-Heilstatten but nothing was finalised. As a result of the non going debates, the the Bellitz-Heilstatten has been left abandoned since 2000.

After Germany lost the war and the soviet union won East Germany in 1945. The soviet forces took over Bel-


In 1969 the park, Planterwald was opended in Berlin. The amusement park measures 29,5 acres. and boarders up to the river Spree. The park itself contained only few amusements like the paris wheel as the theme of the park was centered around flowers. In 1991 the Plänterwald was transformed into Spreepark, also known as VEB cultural park Berlin, as it was bought by Norbert Witte.

In the following years the park would be a grand tourist attraction. The attendance in Spreepark, the next couple of years, was middling 1,5 millions visitors. This resulted in the park changing its policy from different prices for the west and east, into everyone paying the same, and instead of paying at specific amount per ride, you paid entrance. The change of entrance fee led to fewer people came to the park, and in 1999 the park

was so indebted that entrance fees where raised which resulted into even fewer people visiting the park. In 2001 the park only had 400,000 visitors and in the end of that year, the park was estimated to owe 11, 000,000 euro’s to Germany. In 2002 Norbert Witte asked for permission to bring 6 of his amusement rides back to Lima in Peru, for repair, which he was granted. He never returned but Despite instead hedamages opened anunder the second world war the building remained surprisingly well preserved.

other amusement park in Peru, which later on in 2004 was closed because this park also was indebted. Norbert witte has since been charged and convicted to 7 years in jail for 180 kg. cocaine.


The Arthouse Tachlesles is an old, ruin in the middle of Berlin, which houses approx.

hall. All in all the entire building is taking function as a free space for performance.

30 artist per time period. In this building you will find that all of the space in the building, are used for atalies and an exhibition rooms for modern art. The movie theater goes by the name Panorama bar, the blue Salon is a 400 square meters and is mainly used for concerts, readings, and more, and the first floor area of Tachles is known as the golden

The Arthouse Tacheles was built in 1907, on Friderichstrassepasssage as a department store. But only 6 months after the opening of the department store it was declared indebted and was closed. But already was in 1909 it was reopened and survieved up till 1914 where it was closed again.

In the period of 19141924 the use of the building is unknown. After this the building was bought by AEG, a washing machine production company, and from 1928 up till the early 1930s it was used for customer support and storage, until it was seized by the German organization Labor Front. Under their seizure the first television brodcast in germany was shown in the room that now days is known as the golden hall.


Despite damages under the second world war the building remained surprisingly well preserved. In 1948 the building was taken over by Free German Union Federation like many of the remaining buildings and ruins in the Friederichstrasse area. The Tacheles house would gradually degrade over the next decades until 1969 where the house was declared in such a bad state that a restor-

ing of the house was discussed. In 1979 the city council of Berlin agreed on the whole street being demolished and converted into the new Berlin. Some buildings among them, such as the theater Camera was demolished, but a short time before reaching the Arthouse Tachleses building it was occupied by the artist group Tachles. After debating with the city council the art group, were given permission to keep the

house and they named it Tacheles.


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