Klaudia Penkala | M. Arch. Student
PORTFOLIO architecture + design | 2013-2017
Klaudia Izabela Penkala phone no.: +39 373 7563507 mail: firstname.lastname@example.org nationality: polish date of birth: 30-04-1991
00 Curriculum Vitae
01 The Social City of Al Nada Design within the limits of scarcity, low income houses, Gaza Strip
02 RicuciTO Adaptation of ex-industrial building for a cultural and housing functions, Turin, Italy
03 Flexi Student Housing â€žNeapolis. Leaving as a studentâ€?, International competition for students, Naples, Italy
04 Music School Multifunctional educative center for children and teenagers, Opole, Poland
05 University Library Modern library for university students adapted in storical context, Pavia, Italy
EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND October 2015 - now Architecture for Sustainable Design, master degree | Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy Master thesis: Effect of occupant behaviour in a smart home (in progress) October 2010- March 2015 Architecture and Urban Planning, bachelor degree | Opole University of Technology, Poland January 2013 - July 2013 Construction Engineering-Architecture, exchange student programme LLP Erasmus | University of Pavia, Italy
WORK EXPERIENCE August 2014 - January 2015 Architecture Office B2Studio | Cracow, Poland coorporation in residential buildings in Cracow and Wroclaw June 2014 - July 2014 Architecture Office RAWstudio | Opole, Poland intership | interior design for nanohouses, 3d visualizations, models
ACTIVITIES | WORKSHOPS November 2017- now Intensive course Technician of CAD systems, CIOFS-FP Piemonte | Turin, Italy Programs: 3ds Max Studio + MentalRay/V-Ray | Autodesk Autocad 2d & 3d July 2017 - September 2017 Collaboration part-time at Ufficio Prommozione Immagine Politecnico di Torino | Turin, Italy Preparation of posters and exhibitions for Politecnico’s events May 2017 - June 2017 Workshop Graphic design communication, Lombroso16 | Turin, Italy A workshop to improve graphical rapesentation of projects and ideas with Adobe Products (Photoshop, Indesing and Illustrator) January 2016 - May 2016 Urban micro-landscapes. Tasting the landscape | Turin, Italy The workshop on the topics the ‘outdoor public spaces, Parri sports complex in Turin’ Department of Architecture and Design, in collaboration with the Italian Association of Landscape Architecture and the International Federation of Landscape Architects, in connection with the 53rd IFLA World Congress (Turin, 20-22.4.2016), patronage: The City of Turin April 2014 Limits of formal planning in managing the urban development | Lodz, Poland Regional Workshop of International Society Of City And Regional Planners (ISOCARP) August 2013
November 2012 -January 2013 Border between Poland and Czech Republic in the eyes of future architects from Opole and Ostrava School Without Borders | project and workshops between students from Opole University of Technology and VSB Ostrava July 2012 Open air drawing & painting workshop | Obsza, Poland
SOFTWARE SKILLS adobe indesign | adobe illustrator | adobe photoshop autocad architecture 2d/3d | 3ds max + mental ray/v-ray | sketchup + v-ray | blender parasol | velux daylight visualiser | therm | echo 6 pointcab | agisoft photoscan professional |design builder
LANGUAGE SKILLS polish english italian german
native language advanced C1 advanced C1 basic knowledge A1
01. THE SOCIAL CITY OF AL NADA team: R. Atanasova, K. Penkala place: Al Nada, Gaza Strip 2016/2017 | M. Arch., 3rd term
The project is located in Gaza Strip, territory which is involved in israeli–palestinian conflict. Various wars have created many inconveniences. People have difficulty to satisfy their primary needs. There is a lack of potable water and electricity. Moreover, after numerous bombings, many people have remained without house, almost all zone is occupied by informal housing. The closed borders caused an increase of unemployed people. All of those actual problems are causing detachment of society. The project is first of all the way to create self-sufficiency, trying to involve all people and create strong local economy, which doesn’t depend on the external factors. One of the most important proposed building is multifunctional material center, where can be produced stabilized earth bricks, recycling of the plastic and production of water desalinator. this place has double benefits- allows to build new houses using locally available materials and creates new job opportunities to zero income people. Another way to reinforce autonomy is a plant cultivation. Every group of houses has their own green square, destined for cultivation. Every block can produce different type of fruit or vegetables, which can be exchange between local people with zero income or sold on the local market to people with low income. All system can be managed by neighborhood cooperation, which will take care about whole production process. Plant cultivation idea can be extended also to the single house scale, where every family can cultivate small types of plants, in their inner garden included in the courtyard of the house. In the single house scale are proposed additional solutions for self-sufficiency, especcially to solve the problem of water scarcity. Potable water is recovered using small low-tech desalinator, placed on the internal courtyard. Water for other domestic needs is gained through rainwater harvesting system, installed on the roof. In the revitalization process it is important to do not underrate society connection, which nowadays lost its identity. This can be obtain through the linear park, which “sew up” all project area. Along this park are placed various social spaces, which guarantee adequate common spaces for everyone, however respecting their traditions, basically women privacy. The social aggregation was also proposed in the smaller scale. Every group of houses has their own courtyard, which is a part of cultivation fields, includes also common semipublic spaces, where daily life can be performed, like children games or a micro women’s center where those are invited to spend time involved in local society, handmade product production and other activities outside their own houses. All project ideas can be conclude using three key concepts: recycling, self-sufficiency and social aggregation.
THE SOCIAL CITY OF
S E LF S UF F I
E GATI ON GGR A AL
R E C YC LI NG
photo: Prof. A. D. Battistella
urban scale design schemes
arterial road primary road secondary road
private semi p
material center recycling point
micro shadin park
production production recycling
Islamic culture sugges visual contact between and women. For this women centers are l internal parts of the a shading points are situ arterial and primary loc
services mixed use buildings residential buildings
women center ng points
summer northwest winds winter northwest winds
sts to avoid a unknown men reason micro located in the area while the uated along the cal streets.
wind scheme (low density block)
wind scheme (high density buildings)
construction of material center and good working recycling system
194 house units 10 micro womencenter
231 house units 17 micro women centers shared public spaces
demolished and bombed units will be rebuilt in 4 years and 2 months
all the project area will be completed in 5 years and 8 months
691 house units 38 micro women centers shared public spaces
all the area of Al Nada will be completely renovated after 13 years and 3 months
axonometry of public spaces
public spaces and social aggregation
The green island can have different configurations (convex or concave)
Every playground located on a green island is equiped with a perforated structure, what allows a women to use public spaces respecting their tradition (no visual contact beetwen men and women)
Along the park there are covered structures with integrated solar pannels. Each structure can produce around 8,7 kWh/day.
Along the primary roads are located the shading point to increase the level of comfort of public spaces.
productive landscape and new local economy
local exchange of goods (for zero income people)
local sale of goods (for low income people)
CULTIVATION PLOT (PRIVATE ) - 22 m² Average annual harvesting:
CULTIVATION PLOT (SEMI-PRIVATE ) - 170 m²
Average annual harvesting:
potatoes: 744 kg
olives: 1530 kg
tomatoes: 336 kg
oranges: 680 kg
lettuce: 72 kg
lemons: 850 kg
peppers: 48 kg
broccoli: 60 kg
almonds: 60 kg
CULTIVATION PLOT (PRIVATE ) - 35 m² Average annual harvesting:
grapes: 340 kg plums: 215 kg pomegranate: 360 kg
potatoes: 1085 kg
mint: 85 kg
tomatoes: 490 kg
rosemary: 105 kg
lettuce: 105 kg
sage: 70 kg
peppers: 70 kg broccoli: 87 kg The calculations are refered to cultivation plot occupied by only one type of plant.
Inside each block there is shared cultivation area. This area is operated by the people who lives inside the adjacent houses.
Thanks to the managing by a local cooperation each block will cultivate a different goods. The final products can be exchanged between the neighbours or sold on a local market.
desalt device production The first important step is to involve all residents in the area into the separated waste collection in order to obtain zero costs for construction materials.
The ground recovered from the park (concave configuration) will be reused during the earthbricks production.
earth brick production
All the area will be equiped with bins to improve material recycling such as glass and plastic.
earth bricks Collected resources will be transported to the material center where they will be recycled
Concrete elements of the bombed buildings will be reused for different types of aggregates (foundations construction)
plastic and glass recycling
minimal house module
external entrance facade
minimal house module- future expantion
Perimeter of minimal module
Horizontal expantion New bedroom 12 m2
Horizontal expantion New bedroom 12 m2
standard house module
BEDR OOM 13,2 m ²
BEDR OOM 12,2 m²
BEDR OOM 12,2 m²
KITCHEN 7 m²
LIVING R OOM 11 ,4 m ²
B ANIMAL’S SHELTER
external entrance facade
standard house section BB
ventilation pipe (PVC) steel corrugated roof sheet wooden beam plastic bottles filled with sand final rendering of mud ecosan toilet basket with straw, lime or ash urine outlet pipe compost deposit
mud plaster stabilized earth bricks 40x20x10 screed of linseed oil rammed earth compacted rubble infill foundation with crushed concrete fill
final rendering of mud plastic waterproof sheet layer of soil small compressed stabilized earth bricks
contruction process of nubian vault
1/3 60 1/3
The first step to draw a nubian vault is the division of the vault span into thirds. based on this one-third lenght, three equal lenght wires are joined at a common point. Two nails are placed at spring point level into the end walls of vaulted rooms at one and two third intervals, to which the two of the wires are attached. In this way the builder can accurately and quickly draw the curve of the vault.
production and construction process
+ 45 % sand
15 % gravel
+ 15 % silt
+ 20 % clay
5 % cement
3 nubian vaults builders
3 nubian vaults apprentices
Everything starts from the material center, where are produced bricks later used for the construction of the new buildings.
12 workers can produce daily 500 standard bricks and 1000 vault bricks.
8000 standard wall bricks and 9000 small vault bricks can be produced in 10 days (essential for the construction of one standard house module)
Stabilized earth bricks will be directly transported from material center to the contruction site.
Standard house module can be built in only 26 days by 11 workers.
wind catching and shading N W
Two house modules Design regular square block and (minimal and standard) move some modules in order to create openings (in the way to catch summer nw winds and to block winter sw ones).
Some blocks will be moved in order to obtain more shading and outdoor green spaces.
Final block with cultivation. Area in the middle and shared semi-public spaces along the perimeter.
shape of the roof
As the roof shape, was choosen a nubian vault structure, which allows to reduce the irradiated surface of the roof.
To solve the problem of water scarcity was designed a rainwater harvesting system located on the roof. It permits to collect around 31000 l of water per year that will be mainly used for plant irrigation and other domestic needs.
cross-ventilation and openings systems
The summer conditions can be improved due to the presence of openings (windows and holes) on the opposite walls which create cross ventilation. To avoid too low indoor temperature during the winter, manual closing systems was installed inside the holes.
The rooms with south exposition are aditionally covered with a perforated wall. In this way was possible to improve indoor thermal comfort.
team: A. Biagoli, S. Lisi, P. Meneghello K. Penkala place: C.so Novara, Turin, Italy 2015/2016 | M. Arch., 1st term The project is the answer for the problems, which was found in this area. It is an adaptation of ex-industrial building, abandoned da many years. The area, where it is located, has deep social problems, with abusive market around, and desolate from the margins of the city center. People living around are mainly imigrants from african and asian countries, who donâ€™t have many opportunities to work legaly. Thatâ€™s why the project should give them a new opportunity to find legal and satysfing job, to develop their hobbies and to integrate with the rest of inhabitants. The revitalization includes functions like market, ethnic restaurants, laboratories (textile, musical, kitchen, painting and more).
shadows analysis 21st June
external facade of pre-existing building
longitudinal section across the courtyard
facade C.so Novara
section of pre-existing building
section of new building
03 FLEXI STUDENT HOUSING
team: R. Atanasova, K. Penkala place: Piazza Miraglia, Naples, Italy 2017| multinternational competiton for students „Neapolis. Leaving as a student” The main aim of this project is to create a functional and dynamic area with accessible and high-quality public spaces. To do that, it was necessary to begin by taking into account the original shape of the block and to revoke the history of the place. A new, strong function has been attributed to the deconsecrated church and the construction of a new semi-public building, a student residence and two public squares has been put in place. Considering the old shape of the block, built in the 18th century (before the construction of the hospital) and taking into account local people’s habits, the best option to implement has been considered to be the design of two small public and one private squares. The deconsecrated church has been converted into a public library. In order to preserve the features of the church and, at the same time, achieve the desired new functionality, a two-storey structure in steel has been built on one side of it to store the books. Since the church was narrow and high, it was also necessary to improve its artificial lighting. This was done by using some white reflect panels located on the ground. In accordance with the urban scale concept, the new building defines the central courtyard for the campus. Administration, leisure and sport facilities (photography atelier, dance and music room, game room, gym, etc.) are located on the ground floor around the courtyard. The use of folding windows to connect indoor and outdoor spaces provides an additional benefit: the creation of a unique area, particularly useful during hot summers. Flexy Student Housing takes its name from the word ‘flexibility’, one of the main key-words of this project. The concept of flexibility is present at different levels: at the building level, for instance, a wide gallery surrounding the internal perimeter of the building serves several purposes, in accordance to the needs: it is adaptable to activities like studying or leisure.
how it works
Main access points
Indoor common spaces
Outdoor common spaces
strategies and analysis
Shading analysis (1st August 13:00)
Shading analysis (15th December 13:00)
Passive cooling from the ground
Flexy Student Housing Exploded isometric view
Photography Administration atelier
Public library internal lighting design
Internal space flexibility (double rooms)
Flexibility based on the users needs
4. MUSIC SCHOOL
Individual work Place: Maly Rynek, Opole, Poland 2014/2015 | B. Arch., Final Thesis The aim of the project was to develop the part of the of the square in the city center of Opole. The area is particular, surrounded by the buildings constructed in various styles, with the different functions. One of the most important buildings are located on the hill: ex-monastery complex, actually headquarters of University (called also Acropolis of Opole). Those buildings are dominants in the area. One of the design targets was to keep this dominant. Main view axis determined a division of designed building into three separated parts. Thanks to differences in height, the eyes of the man are guided on the hill. Division of the building allowed to distinguish different functions. Movement of the resultant parts of the building along the axis has created a natural directing at the entrance area of the object, placed in the center, which connects the others two parts. Additionally, in order to don’t to cover the hill, the building was partially submerged into the ground. Green roof created a continuation of the terrain of the hill. Facades are simple, made with concrete and glass. Thanks to those solutions, the area gained new modern building with the function which was missing in the city, but the building is only background for existing architecture and doesn’t compete with the one of the most important historical buildings in the city.
individuation of building perimeter
individuation of dominant axis
building subdivision and individuation of main entrance
UNIVERSITY LIBRARY Team: S. Lucini, K. Penkala, F. Scalzone, M. Scarpitta Place: Corso Mazzini/ Via Comi, Pavia, Italy 2012/2013| B. Arch, 6th term The proposed object is a library which can be used by students of the University of Pavia and by all inhabitants of the city. It is designed in the central courtyard of the university. It has to sink in the historic building, but without historizing characteristics. The building structure in the shape of a cross allows equal access to the library from all wings of the university building. The characteristic element in the interior are hanging boxes which are a place for reading and learning.
IPE and reticulated beams
small parts of volume
steel reticulated beam
axonometry of studing zone
false concrete ceiling steel tie beam
wooden shelf units
steel railing with glass gallery coating high tech marble gallery structure steel pillars steel beams steel wooden stairs wooden tables floor high tech marble
beam knee beam
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Published on Mar 13, 2018