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Unit 1 project

Guernica

Glocal English group 7


Here is our artwork. Let's analyze this painting.

sourced from http://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/farberas/arth/arth200/guernica.html

Artist Year Type Dimensions Location

Pablo Picasso 1937 Oil on canvas 349 cm Ă— 776 cm (137.4 in Ă— 305.5 in) Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain


Before we start..

Introduction of author Pablo Picasso Born: 25 October 1881 Mรกlaga, Spain Died: 8 April 1973 (aged 91) Mougins, France

Nationality: Spanish Field: Painting, Drawing, Sculpture Printmaking, Ceramics, Stage design, writing Movement: Cubism Works: Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907) Guernica (1937) The Weeping Woman (1937)


step1: What are the formal elements of the image?

 Line  Shape

 Color  Texture


Line

A very thin line is used to draw overall outline. The lines of the painting are various. The cross-hatched, zigzag, squiggly, long, and short straight lines are used to describe the painting. You can see flowing curved lines from people and animals. The lines are sharp and keen.

sourced from http://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/farberas/arth/arth200/guernica.html Pablo Picasso/1937/ Oil on canvas/ 349 cm Ă— 776 cm (137.4 in Ă— 305.5 in)/ Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain

Shape

The shapes are organic, but also geometrical. In the middle of the painting, some shapes with angles are used a lot. We can find pointy and sharp shapes like a broken mirror. The shapes are tangled up. I felt a bit dizzy.


Color

The colors are achromatic. The colors are white, black, and gray(light/dark). The white and light gray colors contrast with the dark shadowy background. It made us feel blue, hopeless, despair. Some kind of horrors and grotesqueness dominates atmosphere.

sourced from http://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/farberas/arth/arth200/guernica.html Pablo Picasso/1937/ Oil on canvas/ 349 cm Ă— 776 cm (137.4 in Ă— 305.5 in)/ Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain

Texture

The texture is soaked, wet like stains that ink spreads. It made us feel grief, gloominess. And It reminds us of tears. And some scratched lines look like cracks.


Analysis of formal elements summary:  The lines are various. It made the painting disorderly.  Lots of pointed shapes with angles make a painting look

like a broken mirror. And the shapes which are tangled up give us confusion.  A achromatic colors make a mood dark and hopeless. and some sort of horrors are made from it.  The texture looks like a wet paper. It remind us of tears and grief.


step2: What principles of design apply to this painting?

 Balance  Emphasis

 Movement  Proportion


Balance

The painting has a balance. Because the composition of the artwork is triangular structure. The hand and the feet are lying symmetrically. This is also apply to the circled woman and man . It looks like a sort of Decalcomanie.

sourced from http://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/farberas/arth/arth200/guernica.html Pablo Picasso/1937/ Oil on canvas/ 349 cm Ă— 776 cm (137.4 in Ă— 305.5 in)/ Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain

Emphasis

The shapes are so overlapped that it looks dense and crowded. It show us chaos, panic. It show a situation remarkably by contrasting colors of background with colors of people(or animals). Shadow and light stand out.


Movement

The movement is very dynamic and unstable. Every sight in this painting is different. It shows us a urgent, desperate situation.

sourced from http://www.oneonta.edu/faculty/farberas/arth/arth200/guernica.html Pablo Picasso/1937/ Oil on canvas/ 349 cm Ă— 776 cm (137.4 in Ă— 305.5 in)/ Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain

Proportion

Some parts of body are larger than others to emphasize. And fingers and toes are sometimes too small and big. It looks abnormal. The position of the eyes is different.


Analysis of principles of design summary: It seemingly looks asymmetric because of its shapes and lines. But overall, a triangular structure are at the center of the painting. It makes painting quite a stable. It looks like a sort of Decalcomanie. ď‚— The white-colored figures make a intense contrast with the dark shadowy background. ď‚— People in the painting look proportionless. It looks strange and ugly. Horrors and grotesqueness dominates atmosphere. ď‚—


step3: Critical thinking.

 What do you see?

What is the story? How does it make you feel?  Why do you think author created the artwork?  Where are you located in the artwork?


1 What do you see? What is the story? How does it make you feel? What do you see?

What is the story?

How does it make you feel?

Nonverbal gestures & Facial expression: Running away in a hurry, Crying for help, A petrified expression, Crying out, Desperate gestures, Screaming, A dead man is lying on the ground, A woman is hugging her dead son.

It looks like a scene of carnage, a state of war. Everyone try to run away in panic. They look pale and horrified, wrecked, and shocked. So much pain is shown from this painting.

I can’t breathe. I want to escape from this disaster. I’m feeling helpless and weepy. I want to pray for them.

Who are the people?: They are ordinary residents. There are different age groups.

People who are living in Guernica had been killed mercilessly in the war.

Even children are killed. There seems no hope. I’m depressed.

Where are they?: They are in a barn or a small room. There is a bulb that brighten the room.

They try to hide and escape from some horrible thing. In the room, they look so vulnerable.

We can’t get away. I feel like a rat in a trap. I feel oppressed and helpless.

Camera angle, central image: Eye level camera angle.

It feels like being a observer who are watching this terrible situation at this moment. I could be a resident or soldier or anything else.

I feel nervous and terrified because it feels like a person who are watching this scary scene.


2 Why do you think author created the artwork?

1) Who is the painter? Where is he from? 2) What is the title of the painting?

3) What is the style of the painting? 4) What does the title tell us about the painter? 5) Are there other paintings like this one? 6) Why did those painters author those artworks?


1) Who is the painter? Where is he from? The painter is Pablo Picasso. He was born in 1881 in Malaga, Spain.

2) What is the title of the painting? The title of the painting is <Guernica>.

3) What is the style of the painting? The style of the painting is Cubism. Cubism was one of the most influential visual art styles of the early twentieth century. It was created by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in Paris between 1907 and 1914.

4) What does the title tell us about the painter? Guernica is a town in the province of Biscay, in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country, Spain. Gernica is best known to those residing outside the Basque region as the scene of the April 26, 1937, Bombing of Gernica, one of the first aerial bombings by Nazi. Picasso was from Spain, so he was so sad and angry about that news. Picasso wanted the world's attention to the bombing of the Basque town of Guernica by Nazi. That's why he titled the painting "Guernica".


5) Are there other paintings like this one? Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, 1881-1973 The Massacre in Korea (Le Massacre en Corée) This picture shows the terrible scene of korean war.

Salvador Dali,1904-1989 The Face of War,1940 This painting emphasis on scare from an esthetic point of view.

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes , 1746–1828 And There's Nothing to Be Done (Y no hai remedio) The painting reveals the devastating side of war—the agony, irony, and bitter pessimism.


6) Why did those painters author those artworks? Through their artworks they wanted to show the world how war brutal is. They wanted to describe and show the real terribleness of war. Especially, innocent people who live peacefully with their family and neighborhood were dead mercilessly. In their artwork, they drew the lives lost in war. So, their artworks could arouse the world attention about war.


3 Where are you located in the artwork?

1) How does artwork impact you? 2) How do you impact the artwork? 3) Does your artwork reflect your own story or

dreams?


1) How does artwork impact you? • It gives us so much bad feeling. Of course, We can’t imagine their feelings and thoughts identically. Because we have never gone through a war. But, through this painting, We can indirectly experience this horrible situation. • It feels like we are in a state of this chaos actually. We feel as if we could hear their screaming. But we can’t do anything to help them. It made us feel completely and utterly helpless. 2) How do you impact the artwork? • The painting contains the author’s intention. But, the intention could be interpreted in many ways by people who have a different experiences and values. So, lots of meanings can be generated from one artwork. • For instance, This painting could be a nostalgic thing to someone. But also, Traumatic stress might be caused by it to other person.


3) Does your artwork reflect your own story or dreams? • In the past, Our country was wasted by the war. • But, what I want to talk bout is a different war. I thought I’ve

never experienced wars. But it wasn’t true. Actually we have been surviving in the middle of many wars. When we are younger than now, we had to study like a machine for preparing the college entrance exam. It was a war. Every year, many students killed themselves in pain. They were victims of the competitive college prep environment. And we were. And also, There are numerous young people who suffer from unemployment crisis. • Like this, these kind of invisible wars are happening now in our society. And people who are living in this world are similar to people of the painting to us.


Critical thinking summary:

• What is the story? • Why do you think author created the artwork? • Where are you located in the artwork?

This artwork describes a war of some sort of chaos. There are people who are crying for help, dead body, frightened animals. Every elements on this painting that we analyze show us desperate situation of war. We think the author wanted to show the world how war brutal is. The real terribleness of war.. The artwork and viewers affect each other. Through the artwork, we could understand author's intent and express our feelings about it. We realized the magnitude of a war again. And author's intent could be interpreted in many various ways by viewers like us. Also, through the painting, we could think about a war that is hiding in our society. We realized that the confusion on the painting can be found in our mind too.


http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2010/09/15/why-thank-you-is-more-than-just-good-manners/


Unit1 group project formal anaysis