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History of Jamaica

Jamaica is an island country part of the Caribbean Sea. Jamaica is also the third largest island of the Greater Antilles. Jamaica Is 10,990 square kilometers (4,240 sq. mi) was the area. Jamaica is about 145 kilometers (90mi) south of Cuba. Jamaica is also 191 kilometers (119mi) west of Hispaniola, which is an island with the nation states of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Jamaica is one of the fifth largest countries in the Caribbean. There was a Spanish possession once known as Santiago, but in 1655 it was ruled England then was changed to be known as Jamaica. The United Kingdom allowed Jamaica full independence on August 6th, 1962. When Jamaica had won full independence from the


United Kingdom where 2.8 million people lived. Jamaica is the third most populous Anglophone country in the Americas, after the United States, and Canada. Kingston is Jamaica’s largest city, and capitol. It had a population of 937,700. Jamaica was known around the world, due to emigration from the country. The Arawak and Taino people who were originally from South America settled on an island between 4000 and 1000BC. In 1994 the south coast of Jamaica was the most populated. It was mostly populated around the area now known as Old Harbor. Taino people first lived in Jamaica in 1655 when the English took over. In 1994 when Christopher Columbus landed in dry harbor now known as Discovery bay claimed Jamaica for Spain. They were debating on if Christopher Columbus landed in st. Ann’s bay or in Discovery Bay. St. Ann’s was also given a name called “Saint Gloria” by Columbus when


he first saw the land. If you went one mile west of st. Ann’s bay you would see where the first Spanish people settled on the island called “sevilla.” Sevilla was found and noticed in 1509. Sevilla was also abandoned in 1524 because people noticed it was unhealthy. In 1534 they moved the capitol to Spanish town, then later called “st. Jago de la Vega.” One day the English people from Ochoa Rios in st. Ann evicted the Spanish people.

Jamaica is called “constitutional/parliamentary democracy. Jamaica is also a commonwealth realm. Queen Elizabeth ll has an executive branch with a chief of state and a local position of head of state. Jamaica also has a legislative branch as a bicameral parliament with the senate, and also with the House of Representatives. Jamaica has


a judicial branch that is made of the Supreme Court, court of appeal, and the Privy Council in the United Kingdom and also with the Caribbean court of justice. Jamaica was divided into 14 parishes for local administration. Jamaica gained higher independence from the United Kingdom slowly. Jamaica became a province in the federation of the West Indies in 1958. Jamaica had got full independence by leaving the federation during 1962. Jamaica had got a very extreme growth approximately averaging 6% per annum. Jamaica’s 6% per annum growth marked the first ten years of independence gave under conservation governments. They were successfully led by the Prime ministers Alexander Bustamante, Donald Sangster, and Hugh shearer. Jamaica’s growth was found by the strong private investments in bauxite/alumina tourism, manufacturing industry, and a lesser extent of the agricultural


sector. Jamaica was accompanied by a growing sense of inequality of the successful first decade. Jamaica had a concern that the profits of growth was not being shared by the urban poor. In 1970, there was an effect of a slowdown in the global economy. In 1972 Jamaica had changed their government and elected “peoples national party.� The gross national product of 1980 had went down 25% of the level in 1872. In 2011 the Jamaican island took a survey with approximately 60% of Jamaicans would once again to push and encourage them to make the island a British territory.

Jamaica has a varied topography of rugged mountains, some of the mountains are


volcanic, some of the mountains are also have narrowed valleys and a coastal plain. The rugged mountains are located 90 miles (145 km) south of Cuba and 100 miles (161 km) west of Haiti. The climate of Jamaica is tropical. Jamaica is a hot and humid coast temperature of inland. Kingston, Jamaica’s capitol has an estimate of July high temperature of 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius). An average in January is as low as 66 degrees Fahrenheit (19 degrees Celsius). Jamaica is 10,991 square km. Jamaica is slightly smaller than Connecticut. Jamaica is a Central America continent. Jamaica is a parliament democracy.

A job opportunity in Jamaica is agriculture. In Jamaica agriculture is forestry and fishing. Sugar is the leading export crop, sugar is


produced mostly in every parish. In 2000 sugar had at least 175,000 tons. In 1999 there was a decrease of 290,000 tons. Another job opportunity in Jamaica is animal husbandry. In Jamaica there are about 400,000 heads of cattle’s. In Jamaica there is also 440,000 goats. In Jamaica there is also 180,000 hogs. There is also 30,000 sheep. There is also a job opportunity as a fisher. There are several thousand men in Jamaica that make a living with fishing. In 2000 they caught an estimate of 5,676 tons of fish. In 1997 there was a decrease of 11,458 fish being caught. Another job opportunity in Jamaica is forestry. There is accessible mountains areas being reforested. The mountains are mostly being reforested with pines, mohoe, and mohagoney. Another job opportunity is mining. Jamaican miners deposits of several million of gypsum on the southern slopes of the Blue Mountains.


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