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ls;=ir lKavdhfï fjk;a lD;Ska Tõyq urKhg ìh fkdjQ y bmfokq uekj h<s;a ;drK we±ys,sjka;fhl=f.a lgq igyka mqxÑ iajdñf.a yDo idlaIsh Wm;lg .efhk .S úuqla;s yrhg mK fmjQfjda ls;=ir úis jir ieß iereu


md多lrfha y`v ^ls;=ir ixialdrl jels tl;=jls&

m%ldYkh

ls;=ir lKavdhu


md¿lrfha y`v m%:u uqøKh ( 2012 iema;eïn¾ 29 © ls;=ir lKavdhu ISBN 978-955-1435-03-5 m%ldYkh( ls;=ir lKavdhu ߧ udj;" l<uq,a," l¿;r'


msÿu l;=jels hkq lsuehs fld÷ ke;s m;a;r f,dalhg lshdÿka ukqlfhka uereKq u;lfhka fkduereKq î' tA' isßj¾Ok yd ohdfiak .=Kisxy mqj;a m;a l,dfõ§ka fofokdg


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md¿lrfha y`v

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md:lrfha y`v fï fmd; uq ø Kfhka t<s ols k a f ka ls ; = i r 20 jir ksñ;a;fks' fuys wvx.= jkafka 1992-2003 olajd ld,h;=, ls;=ir mqj;amf;a m<jQ f;dard.;a l;=jels fyj;a ixialdrl jelsh' mqj;am;l z±lauZ uQ,sl jYfhka tys l;=jelsfhka m%ldY lr;ehs ie,fla' th yqfola l;=jrhdf.a ±lau fkdfõ' úfYaIfhka rcfha fyda mqo. a ,fhl=f.a fyda fm!oa.,sl iud.ul mqj;am;la fkdjk" iudcfha hym;a mßj¾;khla wfmaCIdfjka l%shdlrk lKavdhul mqj;am;l l;= jelsh tls lKavdhfï ±lau m%ldY l< hq;=h' ls;=ir l;=jels i|ydo th fmdÿ O¾u;djhla fia ie,lsh hq;h = ls;=ir" l;=jelsh hk jpkhg jvd zixxialdrl jelshZ hk jpkh óg jvd iqÿiq f,i i,lhs' fmd;lg l;=jrfhla isáh yels jqj;a mqj;am;lg isá yelafla ixialdrljrfhl= neúks' ls;=ir Èkm;d fyda i;sm;d mqj;am;la fkdjk neúka tys ixialdrljrhdg me;sreKq úIhhka .ek ,sùug ,efnk wjia:dj ÿ¾,Nh' ta ksid ld,Skj jvd ;SrKd;aul ldrK muKla úIh lr.ekSug isÿfõ' fuu l;=jels w;r hï ud;Dld .ek muKla ,shejqkq l;=jels fnfydauhla ;sfnkafka ta fya;j = ksidh' th iSudjla fia l%shdlr we;' ls;=ir lKavdhu ߧ udj;" l<uq,a," l¿;r' 2012'09'29


fidnd oyu iu. idx>sl fjuq' ñksid yd mßirh w;r meje;sh hq;= iïnkaO;djh wrnhd wo f,dj mqrd úúO jdo újdo mek ke.S we;' ñksidf.a brKu ;Skaÿ lrk" ñksia meje;aug w;HjYH c,h" jd;h" .ia fld,ka we;=¿ fidnd oyu ¥IKh lsÍu" úkdY lsÍu fld;rïo h;a ñksia mrmqf¾ wkd.;h fyj;a'' fyg oji wúksYaÑ;h'' ´fidaka ;,h isÿre ùfuka mDÓúfha WIaK;ajh by, hñka mj;sk w;r uqyqÿ c, uÜguo by< hñka mj;S'' ñys;,fha b;d ire ìï úYd, m%udKhla ñksia jdihg kqiqÿiq ldka;dr njg m;afõ' îug fyd| j;=r fmdola'' @ yqiau .kak mú;% yq<x fmdola i|yd ñksidg uyd igkla lsßug ±kgu;a isÿù we;s nj mßir fõ§kaf.a woyihss' f,dalh ;=, isÿfjñka mj;sk fï mdßißl úkdYhg ls;= oyu úiska wjYH u;jdoh imhd ÿka nj úfYaIfhka fmrÈ. Ñka;lhskaf.a u;hhs' tfy;a ñys ujf.a isfhd,Õu Èfkka Èk ìfoka ì| úhef,oa§ ñysujf.a ,h me,S kef.k uyd wefodakdj ;=, foú÷ka mjik foag wj§ jqjka f,i wmg lshkakg hula we;' ta foú÷ka uejQ f,dalh ;=< ñksid" mßirh yd foú÷ka w;r idx>sl meje;aula ;sîu t;=ukaf.a leue;a; jQ njhs' Wmam;a;s fmdf;a tk ueùfï l:dj ;=<ska jqjo th b;d meyeÈ,s fõ' kuq ; a ngys r wêrdcHjd§ka w;g fuka u kq ; k kj hg;aúð;jdÈka w;g m;ajQ ls;= oyu Tjqka úiska ;u jqjukd tmdlï i|yd fhdÞ .kshs' ñksid W;=ï ueú,a, nj;a" ta ksid Tyq ueú,af,a wêm;shd nj;a f,dalh Tyqf.a M, m%fhdack i|yd mj;sk nj;a hk lreKq biau;= lrñka oyu úlD;s lrñka fidnd oyu ;u jdishg mdúÉÑ lsÍu idOdrKSlrKh lrf.k lghq;= lrk nj we;a;h' tfy;a ienE oyu ;=, lsisúgl;a ñksid ueú,af,a wêm;shd nj m%ldY fkdfõ' foú÷ka muKlau ueú,af,a wêm;shdfKda fj;s'


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ñksid ueú,a, m%fhackhg .; hq;af;a th iq/flk wdldrhg nj b;d meyeÈ,sj oyu ;=< m%ldY fõ'' fï wkqj jeä j¾Okhg hehs lshñka fidnd oyu úkdYlsÍug fkdj' th iq/flk mßÈ m%fhdackhg .ekSug foú÷ka wmg nrm;, j.lSula § we;' fidnd oyu ldndiskshd lrk taldêm;sfhl= ùug fkdj" fidnd oyu iqrlsk fidnd oyfï ifydaorfhl= ùug foúÿka ;=< le|ùula we;' b;sx ñksid yd fidnd oyu w;r iqne¢ meje;au foaj leue;a; jk neúka wms fidnd oyu iu. idx>Sl fjuq' fï idx>slnj ì| ouk jHdmD;s" Bkshd ixj¾Ok fhdackd l%u uyd n,j;=kaf.a mÍCIK yd w;ayÞ ne,Sï' foaYmd,lhskaf.a wuk l%shd" le,E lemSï wd§ ish¿ l%shd foú÷kaf.a leue;a; fkdjk neúka tajdg wms úreoaO fjuq'' tajd m%;slafIam lruq' 1992 iema;eïn¾

foúhka /jàu ix.S; idÊc yd i,ams,aj,g bv fkdfouq'˜ —msh;=ud wrlal= fjkafoaishl˜ ta fujr ls;=if¾ —.ñka .u ;ekska ;ek˜ ;Srefõ m%jD;a;s folls' mkai,a" m,a,sj, uerjrhka fndre is,a rlsk" i,ams,a ixo¾Yk j, mqrjeishka msiaiq kgk rgl'' wd.uo tajdg wkqn, fokafka kï'' tlS wd.ñl kdhlfhdao" úYajdislfhdao meyeÈ,sju wd.u .Ksld jD;a;sfha fhdojkafkda fkdfj;ao@ u;ameka j,g f,d,a ùfuka mjq,a úkdY jk nj foaYkd lrk w;r ;=r i,ams,a j, u;ameka fjkafoais lsßu rg .sks .ksoa§ ix.S; m%ix.j,g oyia .Kka úhoï lsßu hq;= ke;ehs foaYkd lrk w;r Bg bv§u f,djg nK foid fydfrka is,a ì§ulg;a jvd oreKq fkdfj;ao@ foúhka /jàula fkdfj;ao@ idka;=jrhdg hdÉ{d lrk w;r idka;=jrhdf.a ðú; m%;sm;a;s j,g úreoaOj hñka ux.,H idÊfcg óú; mq r jñka nd,a k gk" oyia . kka r;s[a[d ojk w;r wi,ajeishdg ;Uhl Woõjla fkdlrk" rgg Kh fjú iõÈh mqrkd nvg le| ìî ú,a¨o i¿ wÈk" .fï ÿmam;=ka oyia .Kkla isáh§" úÿ,s nqnq¿ yd f;drka j,g remsh,a


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Y; úhoï lrk" wiu.s l ï ;s ì h§ fmryef¾ tlg hk úYajdislhskao lrkafka ur.d;hls" foúhka /jàuls' fujka miqìul§ l=reKE., mÈúhfa ro.=re;=ud we;=¿ mQcl le, f.k we;s ;SrKh wms w.h lruq' cd;shla jYfhka wms ish,af,dau md;d,hlg we§ hk iuhl uq¿ uy;a iudch mqrd Wvq ÿjk ;=jd, j, uq,a fidaÞ iqj lrkq ,eîu úh hq;a;ls' wvqu ;rfï tjka ;=jd, j,ska .,k ierj ´ci le;ehs .|hs lshd m%isoaêfha lSuj;a úh hq;a;ls' kuq;a úh hq;a; fjkqjg ta ierj ´ci úl=Kd Ôj;a ùuhs wo isÿjkafka' b;ska uq¿ uy;a cd;sh fj,d hk w¾nqoh ;=, fndre wdfgdamhka n÷j ck;dj uq,d lsßug t,a,d we;s ix.S; idÊc jeks irej ms;a;, m%;slafIam lsÍug l=reKE., moúh f.k we;s ;SrKh b;d jeo.;a nj kej; lsj hq;=fõ' uq¿ uy;a lf;da,sl iNdju tlg tlaù ck;djf.a m%.;sh i|yd tl y`vla úh hq;= njg thska l=vd bÕshla ,efn;;a ;j;a ;ekl u;a meka fnda;,a fjkafoais lrk" ;drdjkag j<¨ ouk" l;=re TkaÑ,a,d mÈk mshjre ;ukaf.a l%shdjka .ek kej; fkdis;hs kï Y=' iNd ud;djf.a ld¾hh ck;dj bÈßfha úys¿jla úh fkdyelso@ foaj rdcHfha f.dvke.Sug ndOdjla úh fkdyelso@ mQcl meúoaoka muKla fkdj Y=' iNdj keue;s ls;=kq foayfha nyq;rh jk uq¿ uy;a foaj ck;dju ;ukaf.a iEu l%shdjlau bßhõjlau fï rg;=, foaj rdcHfha f.dvke.Sug Þhl jkafkao lshd úuiSu wo wou l, hq;a;ls' 1992 Tlaf;daïn¾

miafjks mk; lvlsßu furg ish¿u ñksiqka miafjks mk; lvlrñka Ôj;a fjhs' ish oyia .Kkska isÿjQ isÿjk ñksia >d;kj,g j. lsj hq;a;ka O¾udêlrKhg f.k wdúg wms ish,af,da pQÈ;fhda fjuq' WmÈk iEu ñksfilau wfkldf.a /ljf,l= úh hq;=h' foaj kshuh thhs' W;=f¾ fyda ol=fka fld;ekl uefrk urjk ish¨ fok wm foú÷kaf.a orejka neúka wfma ifydaorfhdah' ifyda o ßfhda h ' uf.a ifyda o rhdf.a /lj,d uuozhs weiS u l%sia;shdkshg úreoaOh'


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if;l=f.a u< l=Kla jqjo j, fkdoud fkdisáh ck;djla u< isrere lmqgkag" lnrhkag f.dÿre jkakg bvyer n, disák ;;ajhg m;aúh' u<jqka je,,Sfï YdÍßl mqKH l%shdj iNd md,lhka we;=¨ ish¿ .syshkago wu;l úh' tla ñks uereula lK jel=Kq úg lïmd jQ ck;djla oyia .Kka ñks uereï bÈßfha wlïms; ;;ajhg m;aúh' f.fjk i;s udi"j¾I u, ñkS ixLHdfjka m%ldYlrk ;;ajhlg furg ck iudch weo jeá we;' we;a;gu bkaÿ ihqf¾ uq;= wehg bkaÿ ihqf¾ uia uvqj njg;a ñksi;a lñka iqj| .ekajqkq ixialD;shla f,a iqj¢ka keyejqkq ixialD;shla njg;a m;aùfï wñysß l;kaorhla wmg b;sßù ;sfí' yDo idCIshla ;sfíkï iNdjla f,i wms foúhka bÈßfha foúhkaf.a ck;dj bÈßfha m%isoaO mdfmdaÉpdrKhl fhÈ hq;=h' ukao miafjks mk; lvlsßfï urKSh mdmhg wmo yjq,a ù we;' foú÷kaf.a mqxÑ Èjhsk fï ;;ajhg m;alrùug wmo yjq,a ù we;' wfma ksy`v nj ^y`vla ke;s y`v ke.Su& yd Bkshd me;a;la fkdekSfï ms<sfj; jeks fkdls;=kq lï Bg uQ,slj n,md we;' wms fï uy f,a je.sÍfï wksjd¾h Þhlfhda fjuq' foúhka bÈßfha fï fpdaokdfjka m,dhdug wmsg fkdyelsh' wfma ls;=Kq oE;aj,o tu >d;khkaf.a reêrh ;ejÍ we;' wo o urKfha w÷re fijke,s Bfhag;a jvd foú÷kaf.a fï mqxÑ Èjhsk fj,df.k we;' isÿj we;af;a urKfha w÷re fijke,s ÿr,ñka Ôú;fha wreK¿ m;s; ùu fkdj urKfha w÷rg ñksiqka yqreùuhs' W;=re kef.kysr fï fudfydf;ao ish .Kka ðú; ì<s .kakd wksjd¾h u¾uia:dkhla njg m;alr mj;ajdf.ak hkq ,efí' ol=fKa Ôú; úkdYh kej;s ke;'' fï rg mqrdu ukao fmdaIKh wdÈ frda.j,ska isÿjk ñh hEïo" mSä; ÿmam;a fndfyda fokdf.a ish Èú kid.ekSïo" .íidjkao mj;sk foaj leue;a;g úreoaO iudc l%uh u.ska isÿlrk ñks ueÍï h' fï úkdYh" >d;kh jyd kjd; ±ñh hq ; = h ' ta i|yd foú÷kaf.a kdufhka ðú; mß;Hd.fhka lemúh hq;=h' thhs ls;=Kq lu'' iduh fjkqfjka hdÉ{d lsßu rfÜ ;;ajh .ek yqÿ mqj;am;a m%ldYk ksl=;a lsßu jeks is; ikid .ekSfï mshjr


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j,ska tydg .sh ienE l%sia;shdks jQ mshjr ta i|yd .; hq;=h' tfia fkdlrk ;dlala, foaj ck;dj hehs lshd.kakdjQ iNdjlao miajk mk; lvlsÍfï wksjd¾h Þhlhka jk nj meyeÈ,sh' 1992 fkdjeïn¾

k;a;," iduh yd ls;=kq wms uq¿ uy;a Y%S ,dxlsl ck iudchu hqoaOuh udkisl;ajhlg m;afldg ke;akï m;aù we;' t,a à' à' B' ixúOdkh yd Y%s ,xld rcfha yuqÞ w;r mj;sk hqoaOh tys oDYHudk uyd m%ldYkh muKs' mq¿,a wre;ska .;al, furg ck;djf.a w;s uy;a nyq;rhla hqo je§ isákafkda fj;s' tÞ fõ, fidhd .ekSug" ðú;h .eg .id .ekSug" /lshdj lrf.k hdug" n,h f.dv k.d .ekSug" lS¾;a;sh j¾Okh lr .ekSug" Okh /ialr .ekSuh" ;u ;ek /l .ekSug fuls fkdlS ldrKd i|yd tlsfkldg tfrysj m%ldYs;j fyda wm%ldYs;j iS;,j fyda WKqiqïj furg ck;dj hqo jeÈ isà fÄojdplh kï fï hqO je§u ;u ;udg tfrysj hqo je§ula nj furg ck;dj ;ju;a f;areï fkd.ekSuhs' ish .Kkska ksire ìï njg m;a fjk idrj;a N+ñ" oyia .Kkska jk >d;k;a" ,CI .Kkska jk irKd.;hskag" fldaá m%fldaá .Kkska úkdYjk cd;sl Okh Èfkka Èk jeäfjk wdndê;hka" ñkSurejka wmrdOldrhska" ¥Ilhska" jxpkslhska" udkisl frda.Ska hqo je§fï m%;sM,hhs' tfia úkdY jkafka wfma N+ñhhs' wfma foaYhhs wfma Ok iïm;hs¦ wfma ñksiqkah' wfma ¥ orejkah' fidhqre fidhqßhkah' wjidkfha§ uuh' Tnh' wmsh' fï hqo je§u wfma w;ska wfma ñkSj, lmamjk w;r iqmsß n,j;=ka yd Okj;=ka w;f,diailf.a nexl= .sKqï ;rlrjk tlla nj wjfndaO lr .; hq;=h' l=ukdldr fyda hqoaOuh w;a±lSulg f.dÿre jQ ^weo ouk ,o& ck;djla isák rglg ziduhZ f;aud lr.;a k;a;, iqN wdrxÑhla lsßu ls;=Kq .sys meúÈ mQcl ieu f.a hq;=luh' fujka rgl k;a;, iurk ls;=kq .sys meúÈ mßila isàkï Tjqkaf.a uQ,sl hq;=lu" j.lSu jkafka furfÜ ck;djg iduh w;a±lSula njg m;a l s ß ug lemùuh' ta i|yd ck;dj f.dvke.S u h' ixúOdkh lsÍuh' hqoaOh ióm h:d¾:h jQ rgl k;a;f,aÈ ls;=Kq


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wsg muKla iduhla w;a±lsh yels hehs lshkafka kï th ;ukau rjgd .ekSuls' ck.ykfhka yß wvla ÿmam;=ka jq rgl <orejka ishhg y;,syla muK ukao fmdaIKfhka fmf<k rgl ,CI úiaila muK ú/lshdfjka fmf<k rgl mej;sh yelafla fln÷ iduhla o@ tjeks rgl iEu ÈjH mQcdjl§u tlsfkldg iduh m;k l%sia;shdks ck;djla úiSfï wre; l=ulao@ iduh i|yd foa j ud;djka g l, heÿï kejf;hs ' h,s werfUhs' meúÈ mQcl cqì,s W;aij ch úheflhs' h,s u;=fjhs' iduh m;d Ndjkd kj;S' h,s werfUhs' iduh i|yd Wmjdi lsßu" foaj ueÈy;a ùu b,a,Su i|yd jk wdhdpkd u;=fjhs' ieÕfjhs' h,s u;=fõ' Bkshd idu WÞj úiska hqoaOh jvd;a oreKq wdldrfhka uq¿ iudcfha ish¨ fokdju iïnkaO lr.ksñka kej; mekke.S we;' ljqreka flfia lSjo fuu Bkshd iduh msgqmi we;af;a fmrg jvd oreKq hoaOhuh' hqoaOh mj;ajdf.k w;f¾§u Bkshd iduhla i|yd fmkS isákakjqkag" wdYs¾jdo lrk" iqN m;k" ÈjH mQcd mõ;jk" Tjkqaf.a fõÈld j,g f.dvjÈk" Tjqka fõÈld 1992 foieïn¾

wOHdmkh foúÿkaf.a iudklug iajrEmhg uejQ fuf,dj Wm; ,nk ish¿ ñksiqka f.a Ôú;j,g" Ôú;h uq¿ukskau w;aúo W;a;r ñksiqka jkq i|yd wOHdmkh w;HjYHh' tfiau th udkj b;sydifhka Tyq ,o Wreuhlao whs;sjdislula o fõ' wo ñksidf.a ðú;h yd ukqiailu uq,alr.;a wOHdmk l%uhla' úYajfha úuqla;sÞhl m%.ukhg ;=vqfok wOhdmk l%uhla ke;' rfÜ mj;sk mdi,a" úYaj úoHd," úoHd;k j, fukau iNdfõ oyï mdi,a" O¾uksfla;k" foõi;ay,a j,o tjeks wOHdmk l%uhla ke;' ta fjkqjg fï ish,af,au mj;skafka ;u wdh;kj, wruqKq bgq lrk meje;a u iq r CIs ; lrjk wOdHdmk l% u h ls ' fï wOHdmkh" W;a;r ñksialu j.d lrkq fjkqjg my;ajQ wukqiailu j.d lr ke;hs' ldg lsjyelso@ udkj j¾.hdf.a ; a ' úYa j fha ; a ks j y,a nj" ixj¾Okh" úuqla;sh fkdj jy,anj" úIu;djh j¾Okh lr ke;hs ldg lsj


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yelso@ fï ksid /l .; hq;= hehs igka lrk wOHdmk l%uhu m%Yakhls' mj;sk wdKavqlrjk foaYmd,k mCIj,skafukau mj;sk iNdjkao uq¿ ukskau by; lS wOHdmkfha ienE wruqkq bgqlrk wOHdmk l%uhla we;slrdú hehs n,dfmdfrd;a;=ùu uq,djls' mj;sk rcho iNdjkao uq¿ ukskau wdl,amuh' jHqyuh" m%;sm;a;suh fjkila isÿjjfyd;a ñi tjekakla Tjqka w;ska isÿfkdfõ' mj;sk wOHdmk l%ufha Tjqka úiska hï fjkialï we;s lrkq ,enQjfyd;a tajdo iajlSh wruqKq uqÿkam;a lr.ekSug úkd wOhdmkfha ienE wruqKq bgqlsÍu i|yd fkdfõ' ienE wOhdmkhla ck;dj ,enQ úg tajdfha ±ka mj;sk meje;au wfydaisù hdu wksjd¾h fõ' tfyhska Tjqka me,eia;r ñi ienE úiÿu fkdfhdohs' lsisfia;au 10]la mdi,aj,g m,uq fY%AKsfha§j;a we;=,;a fkdjk" we;=,;a jkakjqkaf.kq;a 10]laj;a wjidk fha b;sß fkdjk fyj;a ,CI .kkska mdi,a yer hdug i,iajk,o'' YsIHkao .=rejrekao nyq;rhla wiykhg m;a lrjk" úNd. b,laljQ''' cd;Hka;r" iqmsß mdi,a ál fofkl= i|yd bÈjk" wOHdmkh i|yd jk rcfha úhoï áflka ál lmd yefrk wdydr uqoaor ks, we÷ï ÿkak;a wjidkfha§ orejka w;r ux lrjk" l,lsrjk" frda.slrjk" mSvdjg m;a lrjk foaYmd,khg mdúÉÑ lrjk'' wOHdmk l%uhla bÈßfha uqksj; rlsk" ta i|yd meyeÈ,sju tfrys fkdjk'' th fjkia lsßug lemùï fkdlr" wdo¾Yhla bÈßm;a fkdlrk iNdjla l%sia;shdks úh yelso@ tjeks lghq;= lsßulska f;drj foúhkaf.a wkd.; ¥orejka ksjg kshd¿ fudav mrmqrla njg m;ajkakg bv yer" ;sfnk mdi,a tlfol /l.ekSug" ;uka fj; rojd .ekSug lghq;= lsÍu l%sia;shdkslu úh yelso@ Tjqka w;f¾ tfia jqjo Tn w;f¾ tfia fkdúh hq;=hehs mejiQ ls;=jok mfil,d iNdj úNd. iy;sl wOHdmkh ;ukaf.a wOHdmkh njg m;alrf.k isá' wdh;k fmd;a' ksnkaOk" m%Yak m;a;r" úNd. j,ska f;dr wOHdmkhla iNdjgo ke;s ;rïh' foúhkaf.a leue;a;g úfrdaë mj;sk rch wOHdmkh .ek is;k wdldrhg jvd iNdjka wOHdmkh .ek is;k wdldrfha úYd, fjkila ke;s njg meyeÈ,s lrk lrekq rdYshls' ta njg ue; ld,Sk ksoiqkla jkafka iyd kdhl;ajh mdi,a ixj¾Ok uKav, mk; w.h lsÍuhs'


16

md¿lrfha y`v

foúhka bÈßfha wm wjxlj fï .ek is;uq'' fuf;la is;+ whqre ls%shdl, whqre fjkia lruq'' fjkila m;d fjkia fjuq'' w;ayßkakg leu;s ù f.dvk.kakg lemfjuq' 1993 ckjdß

ksoyia jy,a rgla uq¿ rgu wo ksoyia jy,a l,dmhls' ta" rg mqrd W;=rd hk weÕ¨ï lïy,a ksidu fkdfõ' rfÜ uq¿ foaYmd,kuh" wd¾Óluh" wd.ñl iy iÞpdruh ish¿ wxf.damdx. jy,aNdjh we;slrk iy rlsk uqr lkq njg m;aj we;s ksidh' wfÞauehs" wo rg ;=< jy¨ka f,i Ôj;aúfï ksoyi muKla wmg we;' orejka ueÍug we;s cv ksoyig tfrysj Woaf>daKh lr .=á lkakg wmg ksoyi we;' widOdrK jegqma f.jñka Y%uh iQrd leug we;s le; ksoyig tfrysj Woaf>daIKh lr yl= weg mkakd .ekSug iy lvd .kakg ksoyi wmg we;' jxpdj iy fndrej Wfoa yjd m%pdrh lsÍfï ksjg ksoyig tfrysj ,sùug hdfuka w; mh úikaê lr.ekSug ksoyi;a wmg we;' nfâ .skaor we;;a lg wer nv.skshs lshd nvmqrd lEug ksoyi idod we;' kuq;a' foúfhda ñksidg ksoyi ÿka wmQrej .ek l;dkaorhla o we;' fï .fia f.ä lkakg tmd lS úg lkakg Tyqg ksoyi ;snqfka h' tneúka ksoyi hkq ;SrKhla .ekSug hful=g we;s whs;shhs' ñksfil= msßmqka jkafka th ;snqk úgh' ;SrKhla .kakd úg ta iu.u j.lSulao Tyqg we;af;ah' —j.lSulska f;dr ksoyi j,anQre ksoyils˜ hehs lshukla o we;' jy¨kag iy ysrlrejkayg fndfya úg ;SrK .; fkdyelsh' tfy;a'' jy¿kag jy,a ysñhkag tfrysj' ;uka jy,a lrk whj¨kg tfrysj .; yels ;SrK we;af;ah' ysrlrejl=g urKh f;la Wmjdihla lrkakg ;SrKhla .; yelaflah' tfia kï'' ieu ñksfil=g u ksjy,a ùug ;SrKh .; yelsh' ta ;SrKhg foú÷ka uq¿ ys;ska leu;sh' ukaoh;a ksjy,anj ÿkafka foú÷ka ksidh'


md¿lrfha y`v

17

uq,g Y%S wl=r ;snqk;a rgu nyqcd;Skaf.a foaYSh úfoaYSh Okj;=kaf.a iy wka;¾cd;sl foaYmd,kfha jy,a l|jqrla njg m;aù wjidkh' ^Y%s jy,a Èjhsk& wfma ck;d jf.a uq¿ Ôú;h .eku ;SrK .kafka Tjqkah' iNdj ;=<;a ta tfiauh' iNdj foú÷kaf.a leue;a;g tfrysj hkakg ;SrKh lr fndfyda l,a h' ,shkakg lshkakg ys;kakg woyia m%ldY lrkakg th ;=<;a ksoyi ke;af;a h' tf,i lrkakg zYS,dpdrZ úÈyg fndfydau z,iaikZ úÈyg jevla fokjdh' foúÿka w; fkd;enq ksoyig iNdj w; mh iy T¿j;a ou,dh' wd¾Ól" foaYmd,k" wd.ñl" cd;sl lshd lvd fjka lr fmkaùfuka ksoyi;a leä ìfokjdh' ñksiqka f,i ksoyia ùug kï fï ish,a, tlg f.k lghq;= l, hq;=h' wm .eko hula lsj hq;=j we;' jy,a Ôú;hg ñksiqka leu;s kE jf.au ksjy,a ùugo Tjqka wlue;sh' ukaoh;a ksjy,aNdjh yÈisfha wyiska lvd fkdjefgk ksidh' ta i|yd uyd mß;Hd.hla l, hq;= nj b;sydih foi n,k úg fmfkkjdh' nhsn,ho th meyeÈ,sj lshkjdh' foú÷kaf.a leue;a; uy;a mß;Hd. lrñka lefvñka iy ìf|ñka ta ksoyi ,nd .ekSug ck;dj f.dkqùu jqj;a weÕ m; ßojdf.k th ,nd.ekSug wm wlue;sh" we;s úÈyg ldî we| me,| jy¨ka fia ñh hdug;a bÈß mrmqrg;a ú,x.= Wreulr fokakg tu ksidu isÿjkafkah' kuq;a ksoyfia foú÷kaf.a ck;djla ùug tf,i neßh' fuu jy,a udkisl;ajh Tjqkaf.a ,CIKhla fkdjkafkauh' b;ska ksoyi Wreu lr .ekSug j.lSu iy mß;Hd.h Ndr .ekSug udkisl;ajhla foú÷kaf.a yia;fhkau b,a,d heÈh hq;=h' tfy;a wmj jy,a lrk whf.ka ksjy,a Ndjh n,dfmdfrd;a;=ùu wmg l< yels f,dl=u fudavluh' 1993 fmrnrjdß

Èjeisjre" Èjeishdj,sh yd udOHfõÈyq —i;H foú÷kah'' foú÷ka i;Hh'˜ ck;djg i;H ,sùug yd ±k .ekSug Y=oaOjQ wh;sshla we;' wo ta whs;shg ;yxÑ iSudjka mk jk w;r i;H m%ldY lrkakkag myr§u ìh .ekaùu isÿfjñka mj;S ls;=kq wms fï ;;ajh f;areï .; hq;af;a flfiao@


18

md¿lrfha y`v

.e,ùfï b;sydih mqrd fcrñhd" fhihd wfudaia iakdjl cqjdï f.a mrmqf¾ fyuj;a Èjeisjr mrmqf¾ ld¾hNdrh woo bgqúh hq;=h' tkï foaj leue;a; jk i;Hh m%ldY lsßu;a foaj leue;a; fkdjk wi;H fy,d ±lSu;a isÿúh hq;=h' m;a ; rhls k a kdgHls k a .S ; hls k a fyda ' ' f.k tka f ka Èjeishdj,shla úh hq;=h' Èjeishdj,sh jQl,S foú wNsu;hg msgqmd jHdl+, jQ iudchla ;=< úkdYhg" úm%jdihg" jy,a lug mSvdjg'' ÿlg l÷,g NSIKhg yd ix;%dihg m;ajQ ck;djla fjkqfjka u;= jQ úuqla;sÞhl i;Hhs' tu ;;ajhg fya;=jQ f,dl= fmdä yeu tldf.au jerÈ ms<sn| ienEjhs' jy,anj fjkqjg ksjy,a Ndjh;a"'' l÷, fjkqjg iskyj;a NSIKh fjkqjg iduh;a §knj fjkqjg WÞr;ajh;a Èkd.kq i|yd ,Õdlr .ekSu i|yd hdhq;= ksjerÈ udj; ms<sn|" .;hq;= l%shdÞuh ms<sn| uÕ fmkaùuhs' m;a;r l,dfõ§ka kdgHfõ§ka .dhlhska fláfhka lSfjd;a udOH fõ§ka Èjeisjre úh hq;=h' Èjeisjre jQ l,S ckÈúhg ld,hg foaYhg yd b;sydihg b;d ixfõÈ fjñka foú÷ka lshQ foa lshQ flrE ñksiqkah' foaj leue;a;g msgqmd l%shd lrk rcjre isgqjre mQcl yd ck;dj bÈßfha Tjqka lrk oE lshk oE Tjqka Ôj;ajk whqre foaj leue;a; fkdjk nj fudr.d lshQ ñksiqkah'' je/oao ÿgq;ek lvd ì| fy,d hqla;sh hq;=lu f.dv ke.+ ñksiqkah' ;ukaj lvd ì| .ksñka ck;dj foõ wNsu;hg f.dv ke.+ ñksiqkah' fndre Èjeisjrekag wd jeãuo ienE Èjeisjrekag ouk ;yxÑ .ek l÷¿ ie,Suo tlúg lrkafkda fome;a;u lkafkda fj;s' Tjqka jxpkslfhdah' ''''wo wm úYajdifha oEiska meyeÈ,sj olajd we;s furg w¾nqohg j.lsj hq;a;kago thg bv§ n,d isákakkago thska jdis m%fhdack .ksñka fome;a; lk jqkago we.s,a, È.=fldg wìfhda. l, fkdyels ls;=kqfjda ^ls;=kq iNdj;a& Èjeisjr ls;=kqfjda ^Èjeisjr iNdj;a& fkdfj;s' kqU,d ñÈ j;= iqrdld ÿmma;=kaf.ka fld,a,ld.;a fohska kqU,df.a f.j,a mqrjd .;a;yqh' ^fhihd 3$4& kqfò fk;;a


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19

ys ; ;a wd;a d u¾:hg muKla fhduq ù we;' kq U wys x ilhka urkafkysh fikÕg ieyeislï yd mSvd lrkafkysh' ^fcrñhd 22$17& hkqfjka rc ue;sjrekg mejeiQ Èjeisjreka wkqjhkakg neßkï bka woyia jkafka wmsÿ ta wmrdO lrejkaf.a me;af;a fkdjk nj fkdfõo@ Èjeishdj,sh kñka ñksiqka ;=,ska u;= ù rdj m%;srdj ÿka foõ lgy`v t,sorõj fmd;ska miq f.d¿ jQfhao@ ke;'' th Bfha fuka wo fygo rdj m%;srdj fohs'' wms ta Èjeis h dj,s h g újD; fjuq th y÷kd .uq ienE Èjeisjreka iqrlsuq' fndre Èjeisjreka fy,d olsuq' ta tä;r Èjeisjr iïm%Þh bÈßhg f.kshk udOHfõÈkag m%Kduh mqolruq' 1993 ud¾;=

fiajl kdhlfhda yd wfma kdhlfhda wm rfÜ fndfyduhla foa Y md,ks l " iduÔh" wd.ñl kdhlfhda ;u iq j iem fidhñka fjfyfi;s ' ck;djf.a fiajlhska jkq fjkqjg ck;dj ;u fiajlhska njg m;a lr.sksñka jecfU;s' mqxÑ ñksiqkaf.a f,dalfha iïm;ao jákdlïo /ialr .ks ñ ka ;uka f .a f,da l h m<uq j eks f,da l h lrk f,da l n,j;=kaf.a tacka;hska fjñka Tjqka f.kao fldñia uqo,a ;E.s'' §ukd'' wdOdr ,nd .ks;s' ck;djgo ,nd fo;s' fï ck >d;l úfoaYSh kdlhkaf.kah' ck;dj .e,ùug" ixj¾Okhg Wmfoia ie,iqï wdo¾Yhka,nd .kafka'' fï m<uq f,dj ¨ism¾,dg f;jk f,dj .e,ùfï lghq;= ixj¾Ok lghq;= ck;dj f.dvke.Sfï lghq;= ms<sn| jd¾;d heúuo wfma kdhlhkaf.a ldßhls' fulS ldrKfha fÄokShu ;;a;ajh kï th ck;djg hym;a iúhla Yla;shla'' irKhla'' fi;la msì§ula'' f.dvke.Sula f,i fmkakqï lsßuh' Tjqka ck;djg iqrmqrh' ixj¾Okh fmkajd ck;dj wmdh yd úkdYh fj; f.khhs' ta ish,a, ck;djg fkdj Tjqkag iúhla" fi;la" msì§ula" j¾Okhla ù we;' fulS i;a.=Kj;a'' Y%Su;a .re;r'' w;s.re kdhl;ajh'' hgf;a oYl .Kkdjla Y;j¾I .Kkdjla''.uka.;a ck;djg we;a;gu b;sßj we;af;a fudkjdo@ È<s÷lu" wukqiailu"' úkdYs; foam," ñksia Ôú;" mßirh'' Èk;ajh jy,aNdjh'' mSvdj yd u¾Okhhs'


20

md¿lrfha y`v

;ukag ñksil= f,i ksjy,aj Ôj;aùug fkdyelsj ksjdi Tre" ±,a " wdydr" we÷ï" bvlvï'' Ys I H;a j '' iykh" i;= g '' m% S ; s h wkqkaf.ka ,nd.ekSug isÿjkafka kï tys we;af;a ysÕk ck;djls' wOHd;auh ys,ajq ksjg kshd¨ njls' ck;djf.a hemSu muKla fkdj ck;dj md,kh lsÍu" u¾okh lsÍu ck;djf.a wjYH;d ;srKh lsÍuo Tjqka w;g f.k we;' W;aij'' iekfl<s" ix.S; m%ix.'' uyd iïuka;%K újdo'' l;sldjka'' ix.ï" úúO iure Èkhka uÕska ck;dj /jeàfïo" ck;dj uq,dlsÍfïo" Tjqkaf.a lgy`v hgm;a lsÍfïo fh§ isá' —ñksidf.a hq;l = u ñksidg fiajh lsÍu˜ hkak'' foaYmd,lfhda mhsihlg udhsï fkdlrk w;r ud wdfõ fiajh ,eîug fkdj fiajh lsÍugh' fndfya fokdf.a ñ§u msKsi ish Èú ms§ug˜ h' hk fÊiq jok iNdjo ksis whqßka f;areï fkdf.k f,dal kdhl;ajfha foaj úfrdaë meje;auu wkq.ukh lrñka isà' fÊiq ms,d;af.ka wdOdr iy m%Þk ,ndf.k ck;djg ÿkafka ke;'' ck;dj f.dvk.k yeá .e,ùu i|yd fufyhjk yeá frdau wêrdcHhg jd¾Isl jd¾;d u.ska ±kajQfha ke;'' ms,d;af.a kdhl mQclhka fcrei,ï foaj ud,s.dfõ ck;djf.ka tl;=lr .;a uqo,a /f.k weú;a ck;dj i|yd jHdmD;s isÿlf,a ke;'' fldákau lshf;d;a foú÷kaf.a ck;d fiajlfhda" ck;djg fufy lrk kdhl;ajhg msgqmd .shjqka yd .kqfokq lf,a ke;' tfy;a wfma foaYmd,k wd.ñl kdhlhskag Tjqkf.aka f;dr o¾Ykhla" l%shdms<sfj,la" ±laula ke;' b;s x Y% s ,xld ud;djf.a ú,dmh fufia ù we;' —udf.a kdhlfhdao" udf.a mQclfhdao' udf.a Èjeisjreo fndre ksYaM, o¾Yk ug ±lajQy' Tjqyq udf.a jy,alu my lsÍug udf.a wmrdO lsisÈk fy<sorõ fkdl<y ud Wfoid Tjqka ÿgq o¾Yk fndreh' /já,s Tjqyq ;ukaf.a m%dKh'' iqjiem ;k;=re /l.kakd msKsi fjfyfik w;r uu mSvdjg jy,aNdjhg m;aùñ'˜ ienE fia j l kdhlhka y÷kd.uq ' ' fndre kdhlhs k a fy,dolsuq''' Tjqka miqmi fkdhuq' Tjqka miqmi hdu iñ÷ka m%;slafIam lssÍuls' 1993 wm%sh,a


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21

Y%ñlhkaf.a f,a je.sÍu —wi,a jeishdf.a Ôú; ud¾.h meyer .ekSu Tyq ueÍuls' Tyqg ysñ jegqm fkd§ isàu f,a je.sÍuls'˜ ^WmfoaYlhd 34$22& Y%ufha uysuh .ek fujr l,dmfha ,shd we;s igykskao mjik mßÈ wo mj;sk l%uh ;=, idOdrK jegqmla .ek l:d lsÍu jqjo foaj úfrdaë l%uhla ;=, idOdrKh fiùuls'' tfy;a wfma wruqK jegqm .ek l;d lsÍu fkdfõ' we;a;gu Y%uh úl=Kkakka njg m;aùug isÿ jQ ñksiqkaf. Ôú; .ek l;d lsÍuh' tys§ jegqm .ekl;d lrkakg isÿj ;sfí' ydïmq;=ka yd fiajlhska .ek l:d lrkakg ú ;sfí' tfia fyhska wms ta .ek ,shuq' i;a.=Kj;a'' mqKHjka; fï ydïmq;=ka m,a,s mkai,aj, m%Odk Þhlfhdah'' Tõyq m,a,shg mkai,g wdOdr lr;s'' f.dvke.s,s ;kd fo;s' ta ish¨ Þkuh mqKHl¾u Tjqka isÿ lrkafka Tjqkaf. l¾udka;fhka fj<|dfuka ,nk ,dNfhks'' ,dNh hkq úlskSu iy ñ,§.ekSu w;r fjkihs' ta fjki mdmh f,i nhsn,h okajhs' —úlskSu yd ñ,g .ekSu w;rg mdmhla we;=¨ jkafkah'— ^WmfoaYlhd 27$2& tfia fyhska fudjqyq /ialr.;a mdmhfhka mskalr;s' ls;=Kq iNdfõo fndfyda Þhlfhda fï mdmj,ska mska lrk mqKHjka;fhdah' fyj;a l¾udka; ysñhkah' wf,ú lrejkah' jHdmßlhkah' wks;a w;g Tjqka .ï ìys lrkakg" wkd:.dr yojkakg m,a , s ;kka k g i,a , s foka f ka ÿma m ;dj iQ r d.ka k d fohs k s ' lïlrejdg wh;ss jegqm kshñ;j fkdf.jd /ialr .kakd fohsks' ÿmam;dg whs;s foa j,ska hd.hla Tmamq lsÍu mshd bÈßfha Tyqf.a mq;%hd urd ±óu fuka ÿIaGh˜ ^WmfoaYlh( 34$20& fuu ñksueÍu .ek lg wer lshkakg wd.ñl kdhlhskag fkdyelsh' Tõyq tfia fkdlr;s' —ufyda;a;uhdKka jykafia wNla;slhkaf.a m`vqre ms,sfkd.kakd fial' ^WmfoaYlhd 34$19& kuq;a iNdj tajd ms,s.kS' tmuKla fkdj iNd kdhlhska"mQclhska" mejÈjreka'' .sys kdhlhska Tjqkaj Nla;sjka;hska f,i y÷kaj;s' Tjqkag ia;=;s m%Yxidlr;s' jro fmkajd fokakg ue,s fj;s'


22

md¿lrfha y`v

—w,am wdydrh ÿmam;=kaf.a ðú;h jkafkah' Tyqf.ka th meyer .ekSu Tyq urd ±óuls˜ wo lïlrejka fndfyda fofkl=g ;=kafõ, 1993 uehs

i;Hh i|yd lemfjuq' —Tjqka i;Hhg lemfjk msKsiuu Tjqka Wfoid lemfjñ'˜ hs ls;=;=uka lSy' i;Hh i|yd lemùu wms wfma le|ùu f,i ms,s.ksuq' tajkdys ck;dj;a ck;djf.a .e,ùu i|yd lemùu;a njo wms wjfndaO lrf.k isáuq' u;=msáka fld;rï fjkialï isÿjqj;a i;Hh kï ck;djg ienE ksoyila .e,úula fkdue;s njhs' wdorh fkdj >d;Kh'' Tõ ish¨ wdldrfha >d;Khka meje;afï udÈ,sh njg m;afjñk mj;sk njhs' fláfhka lSfjd;a wo ojfia h;d¾:h kï ksoyila .e,ùula fkdue;s wOHd;auh msßyqKq yDo idCIsh frd.a;=r jqkq ck;djhs' fï ;;a;ajfhka ck;dj uqÞ.ekSu foaj leue;a; nj wms úYajdi lruq' Tõ wms úYajdi lrkafka ck;dj ksoyia lrk foú flfklajh' —Tn ms,s.;a i;Hhkays iaÓrj isákak' Tfí l;dfõ§ wjxl jkak'˜ tfiah''' wms ms,s.;a'' wms fuf;la m5ldY l, i;H;djhkays iaÓrj isákakg ±ä wêIaGdkhla wmg;sfí' kuqÿ ta jkdys fujka iudchl§ wr., mrok wr.,hla fjñka Èú f.ùula njo wms mila lrf.k isáuq' wms ,shkafka l;d lrkafka ta i;Hh ;=, wjxl ùugh' tfyhska i;Hh ienE oyu yd isoaêka ;=,sk wkdjrKh yd wjfndaO lr.kakg ls;=ir lemfjhs' ta ld¾Hfha§ ienE oyu yd i;Hh iÕjd ck;dj .e,ùfï ud¾.fhka wE;alrk wd.ñl ixia:d we;=¿ ish¨ u;jdohka'' wdh;k yd mqoa.,hkaf.a ienE iajrEmh fy,sorõ lsßug wmg isÿfjhs' tfiah hy¿jks' fhfy,shks ta igi i|yd wms wmsg w;aje,la fjuqhs wms Tng lshuq' —Tjkqa i;Hhg lemjjk msKsi wms Tjqka Wfoid lemfjuq'''˜ 1993 cqks


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jpk fkdfjhs Ôú; W;=re kef.kysr w¾nqoh .ek jpk yrU fndfydauhla isÿfõ' wms l;d lrkafka tjeks jpk yrUhla .ek fkdfõ' wms l;d lrkafka'' W;=f¾ idudkH ck;djf.a brKu.ekh' Tjqkag fnfy;a fya;a" wdydr mdk ke;sj frda. mSvdÈfhka ñh hdug''' l=i.skafka isàug bv§ ;sîu .ekh'' wkd: l|jqre j, fjfik ck;djf.a wirK lu .ek' ol=fKa yuqÞ fin¿kaf.a urK .ek'' wx.úl, ùu .ek''' Tjka tfia ùfuka jekaoUq jqkq wkd: jqkq ìßhka" foudmshka" orejka .ekh' W;=f¾ yd ol=fka fï rfÜ hqoaO ksid >d;kh jk oyia .dkl ðú; .ekh' fldaá .dkla jákd úkdY jk cd;sl iïm;a .ekh' mßirh .ekh' wdkavqjg" fldá ixúOdkhg úmCIhg muKlafkdj fï rfÜ wd.ñl ixia:d j,go ck;djf.a Ôú; .ek ;elSula ne£ula j.lSula ke;'' Tjqkaf.a ;elSu ne£u we;af;a uqo,a j;=msá yd n,h .ek muKs' fï md,l n,j;=kaf.a jerÈ j,g o`vqjï ú¢kafka ck;dj;a'' yuqÞj;a'' wkd.; mrmqr;a'' mßirh;ah" ;u jdish" ;u n,h" ;u meje;au .ek ñi ck;dj yd rg .ek fkdis;k foaYmd,k" wd.ñl kdhlhka yd ixúOdk fukau Tjqka flf¾ úYajdi lrk ck;dj ;=,skao ;u Ôú; .ek j.lSu .s,sys hEu fÄocklh' ck;dj Ôú; ms<sn| j.lSu ndrfkd.kafka kï rch yd wd.ñl ixúOdk .ek ck;d úYajdih ì| jeá jerÈ fyda fjk;a úl,am fj; rck;dj we§ hEu je,elaúh fkdyel' rch yd wd.ñl kdhlhka n, lkavdhï yd ck;dj hkq tlla fkdj folla nj meyeÈ,s lr.; hq;=h'' ck;djg wjYH uQ,sl myiqlï ie,iSug blauka" w¾:j;a" wjxl mshjr .; hq;=h'' oreKq myr§ï j,§ foaYmd,k úi÷ï fiùug W;aiql ùu;a wka wjia:dj, ksy`vj .; lsÍu;a'' ;j;a úgl hqoaOuh úiÿu fiùu;a hk m%;sm;a;shla ke;s rchl f;areula ke;'' bkaÈhdj mßmamq Þk úg fm,md,s hk'' bka§h yuqÞ wmrdO lrk úg ksy`v jk'' W;=f¾ >d;k .ek m%ldY ksl=;a lrk'' ol=fKa .d;k .ek uqksj; rlsk ol=fka >d;k .ek m%ldY lrk'' W;=f¾ >d;k .ek ksy`vj


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isák wd.ñ kdhlhka ixúOdk wjxl ke;' w÷f¾ w;m; .dk ¥; .uka j, f;areula ke;' wo wjYH cd;Ska w;r úYajdih j¾OkhlsÍuhs'' wkjfndaOh ÿrelsÍug Tjqkaf.a ðú; j, j.lSu ndrf.k wjxlj lemùuhs l%shd lsßuhs' jpk yrUhla kj;d l%shdldß;ajhg nysuq' 1993 cQ,s

nvq ñ, yd tÈfkÞ fNdackh l=i.skak bjid.; fkdyelsj ish osjs kid.kafkdao" l=i.skak ksid ;u csjs; Wlig" jy,alug ;nkafkdao" l=i.skak ksid ;u YrSrh muKla fkdj wd;auh mjd .Ksld jD;a;sfha fhdojkafkdao isák ld,lkaks foaYhla njg wm rg m;aù we;' b;sx nvqñ, wvqlrkq hkqfjka ixialdrl igykal ,shkako@ yd,a" fmd,a"mdka" fnfy;a fya;a" we÷ï me,÷ï" lsßmsá" m%jdyk .dia;= hk uQ,slu foa j, ñ< äiam%Ska fõ.fhka by, hhs'Y; oyhlska úiailska nvq ñ, by, .shúg y¾;d,a fm,md,s .sh b;sydihla muKla wm b;sßj we;' tfy;a wo y¾;d,a ke;' tÞ uo mjklska mjd w;= b;s yl=,d .kakd ksÈl=ïnd .d,la fia ixfõÈ jqkq ck;dj wo ,dÿre ,mhla fia wixfõÈh' nvqñ, fyg óg;a jvd by, hdu fkdje,elaúh yel' fï md,lhskag yd fï md,khg th k;r l, fkdyel' nyqcd;sl cdjdrï ldr wdh;k yd fldïmeksldr Okm;ska w;s k a kegfjk úIu fj<| wd¾Ól rgdj mj;s o a § nvq ñ , wvqlrkakehs lshd l;=jels ,sùu" fmdaiag¾ we,ùu úy¿jla njg m;aù we;' b;sx fujka l%uhla iys; rgl —wmf.a tÈfkÞ fNdackh wo wmg foajd˜ hk heÿfï wre; l=ulao@ tÈfkÞ fNdackh hkqfjka owyia jkafka Ôj;a ùug wjYH uQ,sl wjYH;djhkah' we;s wh we;sfjk f;la lk" ke;s wh f,jlk" we;af;da wêfmdaIKhg fnfy;a .oa§ ke;af;da ukao fmdaIKfhka uefroa§ mruKav, heÿu jir .Kkla WÉpdrKh lrk ck;djla isàfï wre;la ;sfío@''


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25

iaj¾.fhka ukakd ,enfokak hehs wms hdÉ× lruqo@ mQm mukska fkdj foúhkaf.a jpkfhka ðj;a jkakehs fhdackd lruqo@'' foúhkaf.a jpkh hkq tÈfkÞ fNdackh iy;sl lrk foõ rch i|yd lemùug werhqï lrk u. fmkajk jpkhhs' nvqñ, jeäùu ;uka lshk mruKav,h yd iïnkaO njokakd mQcl" meúÈ" .sys wh lSfofkla wm w;r isá;ao@ nvqñ, jeäùu .ek l;dlrk mqcl meúÈ msßia isá;ao@'' ck;djf.a tÈfkÞ fNda c kh iy;s l lrkq i|yd lem fkdjk ñksiqka mruKav,h lSfï f;areula ke;' 1993 wf.daia;=

weußlka id;kaf.a y`v brKúf,ka wo wefik —weußlka y`v ms<sn| ck;d y`v foú÷ka uejQ f,dalfha wkd.; brKu ms<sn| foú÷ y`fvys tla wxY=ud;%hls' f,dalfha wxl tfla id;ka weußlka n,j;djh yd Ok;djh nj mjikakg;a" ms<s.kakg;a fkdyels kï Tyqg l%sia;shdks ldrfhl= hehs lshd .ekSfï whs;sh ke;' tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ixúOdkho tu id;kaf.a ;j;a iajrEmhla njo ms,s.; hq;=j we;' tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ixúOdkfha iqmsß n,j;=ka .eko lsj hq;af;a thuh' weußldj wo f,dalfha fndfya rgj, id.;fhka fmf,k ñksiqkag wdOdr Wmldr lrkafka ;sßÕ= ñ, my; jeáu je,laaùu i|yd fgdka ,CI .dkl ;sß.= uqyqÿ n;a lrk w;r;=r l+g fj<| Wmdhka yd úfoaY Kh wdOdr u.ska tu rgj,a Wlao`vqfia ymñka iQrd .kakd uqo,a j,sks' fldákau fï wdOdr hkq ñkS ururd ñksiqka ðj;a lrkakg W;aiyd lsÍuls' fndfyda rgj, iduh i|yd weußldkq idu idOdl yuqÞ ueÈy;ajkafka hqoaOh i|yd hqoaOfha fh§ isák fomd¾Yjhgu fldaá .dkl wú wdhqO yd hqO wdOdr imhk w;r;=r ;j;a fndfyda rgj,a iuÕ hqo jÈñka yd hqoaOhka wjq¿jñks' weußlka idu m%h;akh hkq ffjrh jmqr jmqrd iduh fk,kakg hduls'


26

md¿lrfha y`v

fndfyda fokd weußldj fY%AiaG ksoyia rgla hehs mjihs' tfy;a fï fY%AIaG;ajh ,Õd lr.kafka ;j;a fndfyda rgj, fY%AIAG;ajh ì|ouñka nj;a" ksoyi N=la;s ú¢kafka ;j;a fndfyda rgj,a jy,a lrñka nj;a lshkakg Tjqyq ue,sfj;s' tla i ;a cd;s k a f .a ixúOdkh mrfmda I s ; hka f .ka ms Í .s h jxpksl yd ¥Is; l%shdj,ska .yk wdh;khla hhs tys ksfhdacH f,a l ïjrhd ls h hs ' tfy;a ó,Õ is h jfia kj f,da l hla f.dvke.Sfï fldka;%d;alre ù we;af;ao fuu ixúOdkhhs' ta ksid weußlka y`äka u;=jkafka mßir ¥IKh" ëjrhska /ilg bvlvï ksjdi yd /lshdj wysñùu ms<sn| m%Yakhla muKla fkdfõ' rfÜ ksjy,a nj" rgj,a w;r ñ;=re nj wysñùu" wkd.; mrmqr úkdYùu ms<sn| nrm;, m%Yakhls' weußlka y`vg úfrdaê ck y`äka u;= jkafka idu¥;hl=f.a fjia . ;a kreu udr¥;hl= f .a o " ohdjka ; hl= f .a fjia .;a iqrdlkafkl=f.ao úkdYldß n,ldñ kreu;ajh ms<snoz fudrÕd lshk iñ÷ lgy`vhs' brKú, ck;djf.a bvï ksjdi m%Yak j,g we;eï úg hï úi÷ï ,enfkakg mq¿jk' tfy;a weußlka id;kaf.a Ok ;kaydj yd n,lduh mrdch jk ;=re foú÷kaf.a ueú,a,;a foú÷kaf.a orejkq;a úkdYùfï m%Yakh fkdúifokq we;' ld,fha i,l=kq ;=<ska wm fuh y÷kd .; hq;=h' 1993 iema;eïn¾

ore >d;l jeäysáfhda uy fmd<fõ m%S;sh orejkah' tfy;a wo'' uy fmd<fõ fÄojdplh orejkah' ukao jeäysáhka úkdYh jemsrE neúka orejkag urKh Wreu ù we;' mj;s k ;r.ldß mßfNda c kh'' úkdIldß ixj¾Okh'' wd;a u d¾:ldñ mjq , a m eje;a u ;= , is ÿ jk foa mq ¨ ,a j neÆ úg isÿfjñka mj;skafka''


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;u f,a lsrg yrjd orejkag fmjQ uõjre ;ukaf.a w;aj,ska ;u orejkaf.a f,a Wrd îuls' ;u f,a oyähg yrjd orejka jevQ mshjre orejkaf.a Ôú; ;u wdydrhg .eksuls' iuia;hla f,i ie,l=j fyd;a wo ðj;a jk ñksiqka wjYH m%udKhg jvd úis fo.=KhlamuK mßfndackh lrhs' fïys flá re; wo jeäysá mrmqf¾ ^jvd ksjerÈj lsjfyd;a Okj;a yd n,j;a ùu Ôú; wruqK jQ jeäyá mrmqf¾& ðú; udÈ,sh hkq wkd.; <ud mrmqr wdydrhg .ksñka ðj;a ùu hkakhs' Y%S ,xldj ie,l+úg WmÈk orejkaf.ka 75] ukao fmdaIKfhks' jirlg ìysjk wvq n/;s orejka ixLhdj 40"000 blaujk w;r m<uq jir ;=,§ 25] lf.a nr wvqfõ' fï ksid 50] orejka ukao nqoaêl njg m;ajk w;r bka 70] muK wld,fha ñhhhs' <ore urK ixLHdj 100lg 32 ls' wh:d f,i jevys fhdojd we;s <ud Y%ñlhska ixLHdj ,CI 5 lg wdikakh' ùÈ orejka yd <ud .Ksldjka oi oyia .Kkls' <uhska úiska lrk wmrdO YS>%fhka jeäfjñka mj;s' ;=kafjks f,dalh ie,l+ úg tu rgj,a j, Èklg isÿjk <ud urK ixLHdj 40"000 blaujhs' fïjd fufia isÿjkafka jeäysáhkaf.a mõ ksid;a n,j;=kaf.a wmrdO ksid;ah' jeäysáhka urKh je<| .; hq;af;a orejkag Ôú;h Wreulr §ugh' tfiah' jeäysáhka f,dalh ;=, isáh hq;af;a orejkag jvd fyd| wkd.;hla Wreulr §ugh' f,dalfhau orejka wmd.; fjoa§ ;u orejka fyd| orejka lsßfï mru mú;% fÉ;kdj isyskhla ùu je,elaúh fkdyel' 1993 Tlaf;dïn¾

ish mK keiSu mkais,a j,g —mdkd;s md;d'''˜ lshk oi mK;g —Ôú;h úkdY fkdlrjhs'˜ lshk ñksiqkaf.ka msß rgla" f,dalfha ish Èú kid .ekSï jeäu rg njg m;aùu fldhs;rï ydiH cklo@ fldhs;rï fÄo cklo@


28

md¿lrfha y`v

rglg WmÈk iEu ñksfil=gu Ôú;h iy;sllsßu rgl jeäysáhkaf.a yd md,lhskaf. hq;=lu yd j.lSuh' hï ñksfil=g Ôú;h tmd lrjk mßirhla'' wd¾Ólhla'' iudchla rgl we;akï ta rg .ek wdvïnr úh yelafla wukhskagh' 1950 § ,laIhlg 6 la jQ ish Èú kid .ekSï 1977 § ,laIhlg 20 la o 1993 § ,laIhlg 50 lao olajd jeãú we;' fldák lSfjd;a 1950 isg 1993 olajd ish Èú kid .ekSu 33] lska jeä ù we;' talshkafka tka tkaku ñksiqkag Ôú;h úkdY lr .ekSug ;rï iudc m%Yak Ôjk m%Yak jeäù we;s njh' ish Èú kid .kakd jeä fofkla ðú;h jvd ri ú¢k'' Ôú;hg jvd we¨ï lrk jhi wjq ( 15-45 w;r whj¿ka ùu fï ;;ajh ;j ;j;a W.% lrhs' w.ñl kdhlhka fudkj lsõj;a ish Èú kid .ekSu nrm;, mdmhla f,i ie,l+ wd.ñl ixialD;sl mokula iys; rgl Woa.; ù we;s fï ;a;ajh wmglshkqfha tu mokï foord f.dia we;s njhs' foaYmd,k kdhlhska fldhs;rï lhsjdre .eyqj;a' Tjqkaf.a flrejdj ñksiqkag Ôj;a ùug fldhs;rï iqÿiq mßirhla we;slr we;so hkak ñka meyeÈ,s fõ' fï ixj¾Ok l% s h dj,s h u.s k a ñks i a ðú;h fkdi,ld yeÍfuka yd iduqysl;ajfhka ñksid wE;a lsÍfuka iudch ;=< cks; ù we;s yqol,dNdjh'' mj;sk foaYmd,k wd¾Ól l%uh uÕska cks; ù we;s wia:djr" wkdrlaIs;" wiykldÍNdjh fï ;a;jhg fya;= ù we;' iajNdúl ñksid ðú;hg we¨ï lrhs' Ôú;h kid.kak ;;ajhg m;aúu hkq iajdNdúl;ajh blaujd .sh ;;a;ajhls' ish Èú kid.ekSï j,g uQ,lsu fya;=j mj;sk iudc wd¾Ól" foaYmd,k l%uh uÕska Woa.;aù we;s ;;a;ajhka nj wújdÈ;h' taksid fuu l%uh ;=< isÿjk ish Èú kid .ekSï hkq tu l%uh ks¾udKh l<jqka yd th mj;ajd.kakjqka úiska isÿ lrk ñksia >d;k nj kej; kej;;a lshkakg wmg isÿfõ' 1993 fkdjeïn¾


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hqoaOh" iduh" cd;Ska w;r iuÕsh''' hqoaOhg —u,a mqok˜ úg iduh —j,a jÈk˜ tl wreuhla fkfõ' iduh m;d hehs lshñka isÿlrk ish¨u hqoaOuh l%shdoduhka ;j ;j;a hqoaOuhu j.d lr;s' ;%ia;jdoh jemsrefjda fukau ;%ia;jdohg bv§ n,d isáfhdao ;%ia;jdofhkau ñh hñka isá' lk.dgq ù m,la ke;' iduhg —lem˜ fkdùu hkq hqoaOhg —wem˜ ùuhs' wms hqoaOh b,a¨fõ ke;ehs lshkakg lsisfjl=g fkdyel' ukao iduh fkd b,a,Su hkq hqoaOhu b,a,Sula jk ksidh''' b;sx'' fndfya fokd idu l=urekaf.a Wmka Èkh ;j;a jirla ieuÍug ,l ,Eia;s fjñka isá;s' úúO cd;Skag wh;a Ydia;Djre fÊiq Wm; fidhd wd nj;a ls;= Wm; il, cd;Skag wdkkaockl ux., mqj;;a jQ nj;a nhsn,h mjihs' iduh i|yd cd;ska w;r iu.sh fujr k;a;,a f;audj úh hq;=h' tneúka ienE idu ys ; e;s h ka is x y,hs k a f .a fuka u oñ<hkaf.ao úfYaIfhka ljr cd;shljQj msä;hskaf.a whs;ska .ek l:dl, hq;=h' l%shd l, hq;=h' cd;ska w;r mSä;hska w;r iu.sh f.dv kef.kafka ke;akï wfmalula' wfma rgla b;s jkafka ke;' ish¨ cd;skaf.a .e,ùu i|yd jk l%shdoduhla ke;sj ienE iduhla ke; hkak idul=udrdf.a Wm; wmg meyeÈs,sj mjihs' ish¨ ñksiqka tluq;= úh hq;= nj wfma weoySuhs' bka fumsg ienE iduhla ke;' ;udg fukau ish¨ fokdg wdorh l,hq;=nj wfma wNsfhda.hhs' tfy;a hqoaOh úi÷u ù we;s ksidu urKh m%Yakhla fkdjqkq rgl fï w`vkakg fkdj iskdfikakg ld,hhs lshkafkda idufha Wm; urd±óug lei lejQ rcjrekaf.a mqfrdays;hkauh' fï w`vkakg fyda iskdfikakg ld,hla fkdj hqoaOhg tfrysjkakg fyda iduhg lemfjkak ld,hhs' Tõ mqj;am;a ksfõok j,ska fyda yqÿ hdÉ[d WÉpdrKfhka fkdj uq¨ Ôú; fhkau' 1993 foieïn¾


30

md¿lrfha y`v

;j;a isoaëka'' Pkaoh" iqßh lkao bjid ord.; fkdyels ;rïjq isoaëka u;=ù tfy;a hgm;aù hhs' uq¿ uy;a iudchu ydo idlaIshla ke;s ye.Sï ±kSï ke;s kreu wixfõ§ iajNdjhl .s,s mj;s' foúfhda isoaê ;=,ska l:d lrkjd hehs lshkafkdao ur kskafoah' fh!jkhkaf.a weg iels,s iQßh lkafoka u;=ù l;d lsÍu ;j;a tla isoaêhla f,i b;sydihg tl;=ùu ord.kakg mq¿jka fï iudch fldhs;rï wixfõÈo@ n¾fgda,aâ fn%IaÜ jfrl lS mßÈ fujka rgla fyg Wodjkakg fmr w¿ ¥,sù hd hq;=h' nhsn,fha we;s mßÈ .,la msg .,la jefgkakg úkdY ù hd hq;=h' n,h ms<sn| n¨ fmdrfha YsIag iïmkak m%ldYh jka Pkaoh ms<sn| wfma ±lau —n,j;=kaf.ka .e,ùu me;sfï mdmh˜ f,i úYajdifha ±i ,Sfjñ' wo wms N=la;s ú¢kafka rfÜ meje;au ms<sn| wfma leue;a; þkaofhka mukla m%ldYlsÍfï m, úmdlhhs' ol=fKa yd kef.kysr Pkaohla i|yd iQodkï jkafka n, f,daNskah Pkao meje;aùu keje;aùu h,s meje;aùu wdh;k moazO;s ia:dms; lsßu" úiqrejd yeÍu Wkaf.a meje;au i|yd ñi ck;djf.a Ôj;aùu i|yd fkdfõ' ksoyfia Ôj;ajkakg bvla ke;s rgl ksoyia Pkaohla hkq úys¨jls' Pkaoh Y=oaOjQ whs;shla hehs mjik wd.ñl kdhlfhda Ôj;aùfï wh;ssh ke;s ;ekl Pkaofha whs;sh .ek muKla l:d lsßu Bg;a jvd úys¨jls' ol= f Ka yd kef.kys r Pka o hka o ;j;a is o a ê hla f,i b;sydihg tlajkq we;af;a Pkaofha nrg jvd WKavfha nr ck;dj msgg mgjñks' Pkaoh ms<sn| iqcd; ks¾jpk Wkavh yuqfõ mrdch jkúg Pkaohg —ksoyia˜ idOdrK˜ f,i w¿;a we÷ï wkaojñka isá' Pkofhka Pka o hg Èkq f õ n,j;= k a f .a yd Okj;= k a f .a m%d¾:kd ñi ÿmam;=kaf.a yd mSä;hskaf.a m%d¾:kd fkdfõ' b;sx Pkaoh fukau WKavho mrok Pk;d y`vl" ck;d .ukl wjYH;djh fkdfõo fï ish,a, ;=, foúÿka mjikafka'


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ta wjYH;djh ch.ekSug ish¨ Yla;sh fh§u foú÷ y`vg wjk; ùuhs' 1994 fmnrjdß

wmrdOlrejkaf.a fl<suv, idka;=jrhkaf.a rx.kh rg wmrdOlrejkaf.a fl<suv,la njg m;aj ;sfí' mqj;a m;a msgq mqrd" m%Odk ud;Dld" Wm ud;Dld Tiafia wmrdO ms<sn| f;dr;=re wf,ú fõ' wjqreÿ yefÜ iSh,d wjqreÿ oyfha ±ßhkaj ¥IKh lrk ;rug' wïu,d ;u orejka lmd fldgd fmd,s;ska j, melÜ lrk ;rug'' orejka foudmshkaj lmdfldgd urk ;rug" fï rfÜ iÞpdrh yd p;+¾úO uyd wd.ï úiska foaYkd lrk O¾u Ñka;d úiska ck;dj yslaujd we;' úNd.h by<ska iu;a jqjfyd;a tho fï rfÜ § urKhg fya;=jla úh yel'' fomd wysñ wdndê;fhl= jqjo" .eìKshl jqjo ¥IKhg ,la úh yel'' YsIHdjg úÿy,am;sjo" ie±yej;dg wd.ñl kdhlhdjo'' je¥ mq;dg wïud ;d;a;d yd wdÉÑ ishdjo úYajdi l, fkdyels ;rug ñksiqka Od¾udkql+, ù ;sfí' fï ish,a, bÈßfha ipdrh .=KO¾u iq/lSu" N=la;shg ,shd.;a O¾uoaùmhfha p;=¾úO wd.ñl kdhl idka;=jre ±yeñka fiñka l,a f.j;s' lsisjlska Tjqkafkdief,a' fÊiqf.a" nqÿkaf.a O¾uh wdrlaCId lrkjdh lshñka kQ;k cqÞia,dj yd foajo;a;,dj wdrCId lrk Okj;=ka msxj;=ka njg fn!;siau lrñka ÿmam;=ka mõlrejka njg yxjvq .ik'' ;u bvlvï foa m , wdÞhï .ek fjfyfik fï kdhlldrlÈ idka;=jre m%Odk wdrdê; krUkakka njg m;aj isá' Y=oaOjQ ;%s;ajh yd ;%súO r;akfha msysg láka m%d¾:kd l,;a is;ska Okh" n,h yd lS¾;sfha msysg m;k" Bg jy,a jQ'' wd.ñl kdhld§kaf.aka ck;djgj;a O¾uhgj;a w.;shla ñi iq.;shlakï fkdfõ' ck;dj fld;rï lSj;a b,a,d isáh;a" ck;d m%Yak fjkqfjka lg kdßk fudjqyq foaYmd,lhskaf.a tl ÿrl:k mKsjqvhlska


32

md¿lrfha y`v

tl idlÉPdjlska mqj;a m%ldYk .=jka úÿ,s mKsjqv ksl=;alsßug muKlafkdj idu ¥;.uka hdug ie§ meye§ isá;s' fï wmrdO hkq tla tla ñksidf.a mdmsIaGNdjfha m%;sM,hla f,i muKla ±lSu wkaONdjhls' ñksid ;=< isák foúhka fjkqjg Tyq ;=< isák ;sßikd u;= lrk uf,aÉP iudc wd¾Ól l%uh fuu wmrdOj, m%Odk j. W;a;r lrefjdah' úfYaIfhka miq.sh jir myf,dj ;=< l%shd;aul jq wOHd;añl ixYa;DiaÀh fjkqjg udxYsl ;DYakdj u;= lrk újD; wd¾;Ólh yd mdov foaYmd,kh Bg j.lsj hq;=h' idka;=jr fjia.;a cqodia,d y÷kd .ksñka wmrdOfha fl<su`v, wdorfha f;da;ekakkla lsÍug ck;dj fmrg wd hq;=h' 1994 ud¾;=

iriú .sKs mqmqr mdi,la újD; lsÍu isr f.hla jeiSula f,i ie,fla'' t;a wfma md,lhskaf.a m%;sm;a;sh ù we;af;a mdie,a" úoHdh;k jid isrf.j,a yd jOld.dr újD; lsßuh'' isiq b,a,Sï /f.k úYaj úoHd,j, we,fjk fmdiag¾ m%udKh jeäfjkakg mgka f.k;sfí' u¾okfha hCIhd iriú isiqkaf.a f,a iqj| bjlrkakg h,s;a mgka f.k ;sfí' bkak ysákskag ;ekla ke;sj fkajdisld.dr m%Yakhg úi÷ï fijQ fmrdfoks iriú isiqkag fmd,sia wdrCIdj l=¨ fmd¨ j,ska ,eîu w¨;au isÿùuh' múgq wOu l%uhl meje;au i|yd YsIHhskaf.a ðú; ì,s.ekSfï b;sydih ksudù ke;' tfia lshkafka YsIHhskaj wr., fj; fhduq lrjk fya;= bj;a ù ke;s ksidfjks' iuia; w¾nqoh fkdúis£ mj;sk;dla l,a úYaj úoHd, w¾nqoho fkdúifokq we;' wOHdmk fCIa;%h i|yd isák weu;sjreka .Kk jeäù we;' Tjqkg jdyk'' ld¾hd,'' ksjdi fiajlhska'' fj;ska myqiqlï fkdwvqj imqrd ;sfí' tfy;a isiqkaf.a m%YaK j,g lsisÿ úi÷ula ke;' wOHdmk weu;sjreka jeä ùfuka weu;sjrekag iq.;shla jQjd ñi wOHdmkhg fyda isiqkag jQ iq.;shla kï ke;'


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fmardfoksfha isoaêh wmg lshkafka'' fuf;la úYaj úoHd, isiqkaf.a m%Yak wrnhd imhd we;af;a úi÷ï fkdj me,eia;r njh'' oyia .Kka uqo,a fndre fidank i|yd úhoï lrk rch isiq fkajdisld.dr m%Yakh fkdúi|kafka uqo,a ms<sn| .eg¿jla ksid fkdjk nj ck;dj f;areï .; hq;=h' ck;djla f,i YsIHhskaf.a m%Yak flfrys úi÷ï ,ndfok f,i rchg n, l, hq;= w;r me,eia;r ±óïj,g fkd/jáh hq;=h' YsIH m%Yak j,g úi÷ï ,efnk l%uhla f.evke.sh hq;= nj;a" f.dvkeÕSu;a ck;dj f;arï.; hq;=h' isÿ l< hq;=h' ukao tfia fkdjk;dlal,a widOdrKh bÈßfha uqksj; fkdrlsk ;reK isiq Ôú; úkdY ùu fkdje,elaúh yelsksidh' tfiah'' ñhhkafka ;ukaf.au orejka ñi fjk lsisfjla fkdfõ'' 1994 wm%sh,a

uer foaYmd,kh ck;djg fiajh lsÍu i|yd wd.ñl lafIa;%hg miq b;d fyd|u lafIa;%h foaYmd,kh hehs iqo;=ï msfhl= jfrl mejiSh'' rgl md,lhska ck;djf.a n,h jvd Wkavfha n,h .ek úYajdih r|jkakg jQ úgl foaYmd,k zuerZ foaYmd,kh zmdov foaYdm,kh zmdyrZ foaYmd,kh hk úfYaIk kduhkaf.ka ierfia' fï uer" mdyr" mdov foaYmd,kfha rÕ miq.sh oYlhka fol ;=, ´kEjg;a jvd wfma fï mqxÑ rg w;aú| ;sfí' uer foaYmd,kh ks,,;a yd ks, fkd,;a uerhska w;ska È. yefrk úg ck;dj ks,,;a yd ks, fkd,;a foúÈygu msvdjg u¾Okhg" urKhg f.dÿre fõ' ol=fKa Pkaohg fmr;a miq;a fndaïn" fjä WKav" .=áneg u.s k a úreoa O u;OdÍka g ix.% y ls Í fuka fmka j Q f ha ta uer foaYmd,kfha ksrej;hs' fndfyda wjia:dj, ck;djg ikaiqka jkakehs m%ldY ksl=;a lrk wd.ñl kdhlfhda fï uerlï" mdov lï bÈßfha uqksj; /lafl ;ukafa. iqmqreÿ ia:djrfhau ;uka isák nj m%ldY lrñka'


34

md¿lrfha y`v

rd úl=kk ñksydg .=áneg§ ov .id ysrlrk'' fydr wrlal= uqo,d,s,d md.d f.k ksoyia lrk fmd,sishlskao" ÈmQ Èõreï fm;aiï wdmiq .kakg ;rï Èkjk wêlrKh lskao ñksurejka f,i o`vqjï úÈkakjqka ksoyialr yßk kS;shlskao" idOdrKh me;S u ;l;s r elï ks i d'' md,lhs k a f.ka " kS ; s k S ; s m ;s f .ka " fmd,siam;sf.ka idOdrKh b,a,d igyka ,sùu f;areula ke;' wks;a w;g wm rg ;=< úreoaO u; u¾okh lsÍfï" ienE iajrEmh ;¾ckh lsßu" ìhjeoa§u" myr§u fkdj >d;kh lsÍu nj ;ju;a f;areï .; fkdyels jkafka kï th fÄojdplhls' ta ksid ck;d .e,ùula i|yd l%shd lrkakka isá;akï n,dfmdfrd;a;= n, f,daNSkaf.a Wmdh ud¾.jk Tjqkaf.au wdrCIdj i|yd jk jHjia:d ixfYdaOkhka" yd fmd,sia n, weKs u; fkdj ck;djf.a Yla;sh iu.sh yd tä;rlu u; /|úh hq;=h' ck;djo ;u .e,ùu ms<sn| n,dfmdfrd;a;= n,f,daì kdhlhskaf.a m%;srEmh u; fkdj ;u iu.sh Yla;sh mß;Hd.h u; /|úh hq;=h' rgla f,i fï fudfydf;a wm fk;a /|úh hq;af;a ckm%sh iq,N foaYmd,k l;dny ;=, fyda rcjre ;=, fkdj fï ish,a, msgq miska Èfjk lDDr foaYmd,kfha ienE iajrEmh fj;h' ksjerÈj f;areï .kak' meyeÈ,sj l:d lrkak" wjÈfhka l%shd lrkak' 1994 uehs

jir 2000§ ieug f,vÿla wm rfÜ isÿjk ud;D urK w;ßka 25] - 35] isÿ jkafka fi!LH fiajdfõ fkdie,ls,a, ksidfjks' T!IO ñ, .Kka" ffjoH .dia;= Èfkka Èk by, hjoa§ rcfha fmdÿ fi!LH myiqlï áflka ál lmd yßoaÈ jir 2000 § ieug iqj fi; yd Ôú;h flfia fj;;a ieug f,v ÿla yd urKh iy;sl jk nj meyeÈ,s fjñka mj;s' wdfrda.Hd mrud ,dNd hehs jk fmd;a lrk rgl Èfkka Èk ñksiqka frda.s njg m;a fõ' Èfkka Èk f,v ÿla jHdma; fõ' Bg m%Odk fya;=j jkafka ffjoH uy;a;=re rfÜ fjoaÿ yd ffjoH uqo,d,s,d lrñkao rcfha frday,a ria;shdÿy,a njg m;a lrñkao l%shd;aul jk fï fld,a,ldÍ wd¾Ól foaYmd,ksl l%shdj,shhs'


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È<s÷ Ndjh j¾Okh jk rgl fi!LH iïmkak Ndjh msßySu wreuhla fkdfõ' fjo uqo,d,s,d isák rgl —frda.Hd mrud,dNd˜ ùuo wreuhla fkdfõ' wo wm rfÜ pek,a mdfrka hdu mud fkdù iqjh ,nd .ekSug ud¾.h jk w;r pek,a mdfrka fkdhEu mudú urKh Wreulr .ekSug ud¾.h fõ' rcfha frday,a msß b;sÍ hk ;rug frd.Skah'' frda.Skag T!IO ke;'' we|ka ke;'' myiq l ï ke;' l% s l Ü lS v djg foaYmd,lhskag'' iekfl,s j,g fndre jev j,g ´kE;rï ñ, uqo,a myiqlï we;' fi!LH fiajfha m%.;sh uek ne,sh yelafla todg jvd wo isák úfYaI× ffjoHjre .Kkska fyda todg jvd wo we;s frday,a fyda Èhqkq ffjoH WmlrK j,ska fkdfõ'' todg jvd wo rfÜ nyq;r ck;dj ksfrda.so tÞg jvd wo nyq;r ck;djg fi!LH myiqlï ,efnkjdo hk lrekq u;h' ta wkqj wm rfÜ fi!LH fiajh msßys we;' uqo,d,s lrKhg yiqù we;' nyqcd;sl T!IO iud.ï j, iQrdlEug ,laù we;' óg fya;=j ñksiqkaf.a lreuh fkdfõ md,lhskaf.a jroh' fi!LH fiajd myiqlï ck;djf.a uQ,sl wjYH;djhls ta whs;sh m;d pek,a fmda,sug tl;=jkakg iuyrekg mq¿jk' kuq;a úh hq ; a f ;a ta whs ; s h Ôj;a úfï whs ; s h iu. .eg.id th Èkd.ekSuhs' 1994 cQ,s

ishÈú kid.;a;d we;s wms'' Ôj;ajkakg wmi;=j ;snQ ish,a, wysñlr.kakgo" jiúi muKla ksmojkakgo bv§ n,d isá fhuq' ±ka —ðj;aùug˜ wjeis oE wysñù —uefrkakg˜ wjeis ± muKla wm bÈßfha b;sßfjñka mj;s'fidl%àia ji mdkh lf,ah' l%sia;=ia jykafia l=reishfj; .sfhah' ta;a ta Wodr wruqKq fjkqfjks' ta fofokdf.au urK ishÈú kid.ekSï f,i hful=g mkqk;a ta urK tfia fkdjkafka Wodr wruqKq m%;slafIam fkdl, ksidh' wo rgg n; iemhQ f.dúfhda j.d Kh f.jd.; fkdyelsj ji mdkh lr;s' lïlrefjda jD;a;sh whs;ska wysñ ù jimdkh


36

md¿lrfha y`v

lr;s' ;u orejkag ljkakg fmdjkakg fkdyelsù uõmshjre orejkago jifmdjd" ;ukao ji î ishÈú kid .ks;s' uefrkakg ;sfnk nh yd ne£ï ke;skï ;j;a oyia.dkla ish Èú kid.kak nj meyeÈ,sh' fï wm f.jkafka ;uka lrkafka jy lEula nj wu;l lrñka ñksiqka urK" iudc wd¾Ól foaYmd,k l%uhlg bv§fï mdmhhs' tfy;a wo wjYH uefrk yeá fkdj Ôj;ajk yeá fmkaùuh' fidl%àia,d" l%sia;=ia,d fuka uefrk yeá fmkaùuh' wfma ishÈú kid.ekSï" wmj ishÈú kid .kakd ;ekg m;alrñka fhfyka jecfUk whg iqN wdrxÑ jk nj wm wu;l fkdl, hq;=h' b;sx wms wfma ñksiqkag ishÈú kid .ekSug fkdj urKh f;la igka lsÍug Yla;sh iemhsh hq;=h'' ñksiqfka ishÈú kid.kakdjq Wkaf.a y`vg wjÈfjh,a,d'' ta yf`â .eíj we;s mksjqvh wjfndaO lr .ks,a,d' wms wm w;skau ñhhkq n,d i;=gqjkakg ÿIaGhskag bv ;eìu fudk;rï mdmhlao@ 1994 wf.daia;=

weÕ úl=Kk wfma <uhs' fudfyd;ska fudfyd; Ok ;kaydj jeälrk ldufNda.s meje;aug mdol jk újD; wd¾Ólfha jpk j,ska lSfjd;a Y%s ,xldfõ <má udxY fj<| fmd," <ud .Ksld jHdmrhg taâia NSIKh yuqfõ jqjo iS.%fhka j¾Ok fjñka ;sfí' ish,a,g úoHd;aul ks¾jpk imhk wmf.a T, fud, wdpd¾hjre fuh miq.sh ld,h ;=, Y%s ,xldj w;alr.;a Wiia wd¾Ól j¾Okhla f,i ye¢kajqjo wm mqÿu úh hq;= ke;' ish,a, idOdrKShlrkh lr .kakg jpk weondk kdhl ldrld§W;=fula fï ;;ajh j,lajkafka mßjdi fomd¾;fïka;= fmd,sis l%shdfõ fhdojd we;s nj mejiSh yel' wmg lshkak we;af;a l=ulao@


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fï <máudxY fj,o fmdf,a remsh,a úiai ;sfya isg y;a wgoy olajd úlsfkkafka fia,a oukafka wfma kx.s,d u,a,s,dh wfma ¥orejkah' b;sx wms ñksiaiqo@ ÿj mq;d if,¨kg úl=kd ,nk uqo,ska ðj;ajk tl ñksia luo@ oyia .kka fkdorejka .Ksldjka njg m;ajk rgl Ôj;a jkafka ñksiqka úh yelso@' W;a;r Èh hq;= m%Yak fujdh' md,lhsks" wmg fkdñf,a fmd;a we÷ï ÿkakdg wmsj úl=kk ;;a;ajhg m;alrk fya;=ke;s fkdlr jeä lrk kqU,d we;a;gu wmg wdof¾ hehs wm is;sh hq;=o@ fmd,sisfha mßjdifha uy;=ks tâia .ek iïuka;%K mj;ajkj ;re mfya fydag,a j, isÿjk .Ksldjka muKla w,a,d m%o¾Yk lrk kqU,d we;a;gu taâia úfrdaë hehs wms is;kafka fldyfudo@ mQcljreks ldu ñ:Hdpdrh fkdlrõ hehs wmsg W.kajk kqU,d lduh jmqrk jerÈ wd¾Ól md,k l%shd;aul lrkafka wdYs¾jdO lrñka Bg wdjvkúg kqU,d we;a;gu wmg wdof¾ hehs wms is;kafka fldfyduo@ <ud udxY fj<|fmd, wfydais lsÍfï j.lSu kdhldldrldÈka" mQclhska fyda fmd,sis j,g ndr§ isáhd we;s' 1994 Tlaf;daïn¾

urKh urKfhka ueÍu' mrmqrl yqiau'' Ôjh YÍr j,ska bj;a fldg je<¨ ìï j,ska ta isrerej, weg len,s;s f.dv.kshs ta weglgq j,g Ôú;h fkdue;s jqj;a Ôj;a jkakjqkag ta weglgq l:d lrhs' n, lrhs'' —ñksiqks urKh .ek fkdj ðú;h .ek is;dm,a,d'''˜ mrmqgqjkaf.a meje;au i|yd j, ±uQðú; ;j;a mrmqgqjkaf.a meje;au msKsi weglgq f,i f.dvkef.kafka kï th uyd fÄojdplhls' ck;dj is;sh hq;af;a fuhhs'' ;j;a mrmqrlf.a Ôú; jid mialÿ f.dvlrkakg bvfok f,iska ;j ÿrg;a Ôj;ajkjdo@


38

md¿lrfha y`v

mrmqrla jekiQ mdmh j,ouk fjkqjg j,±uqkq weglgq f.dv.ksñka isàu fyda ta weglgq j,g urK iy;sl ksl=;alsßu muKla m%udkj;a fkdfõ' mdmh j,±ñh hq;=uh' th yqÿ wdfõ. j,ska muKla fyda tla /hlska l, fkdyels nj ienEh' ta;a th l, fkdyels njg ;¾l bÈßm;a lsÍu ienE ñksiqkaf.a ld¾hh fkdfõ' mrmqfrka mrmqr wfma orejkaf.a ñksj, lemQ wh lõo@ Tjqka wmg W.kajd we;af; l=ulao@ —hqoaOh iduh i|ydhæ urKh urKhka urd ±óu i|ydh''˜ urKhla æ ta urKh urka k g urKhla f,i urK pl% h la f.dvk.ñka th idOdrK nj ys;kakg wmg mqreÿ lrñka ñksl÷ yd f,a .x.d j,sk ;u nexl= .skqï ;rlr.kakjqka y÷kd.; hq;= fkdfõo@ n,h yd Okh iuÕ ruKhg urKh m<sy lr.kakjqkaf.a yd urKh urkakg urKh hkqfjka lE.ikakkaf.a y`v ksjerÈj f;areï .; hq;=h' Tjqkaf.a y`vg /jàu hkq ;j;a úÈhlska urKh wm fj; le|jd .ekSuls' 1994 fkdjeïn¾

ksoyi i|yd tlai;a lu ksoyi ke;af;a ldgo@ isxy,hkago" øúvhkago ol=Kgo@ W;=rgo@ kef.kysrgo@'' fndÿkqjkago@ uqia,suqkago@ ls;=kqjkago@ yskaÿkago@ l=uk cd;shg l=uk m,d;g'' l=uk wd.ulg wh;ajqjo ksoyi ke;af;a ÿmam;=kagh' n, rys; jqjkagh'' wm rfÜ fmdai;=kag we;af;ao f,dal n,j;=kag'' Okj;=kag jy,a ù ÿmam;=kaf.a f,a Wrd î nv jvd .ekSfï ;ek /l.ekSfï ;udj f.dv ke.Sfï ksoyi muks' ksoyi ms<snoz foj awre;ska ;uka w;sYh jy¨ka nj §k" ksjg kshd¿ mdmsIaGhska nj Tõyq fkdoks;s' ÿmam;=ka hkq ñksiaiq fkdfj;ao@ n,j;=ka" Okj;=ka' mQcl W;=uka,d Ôj;a lrùu i|yd Ôú;h jeh lsÍug foúhka uejq jy¨ka fldgilao@ Okfha n,fha ;kaydfjka fm<kjqka úislrk lgq f,úkakg isá n,af,daao@''


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ke;'' Tõyq foaj iudk lug iajremhg uejQ ñksiaiqu fj;s'' foú÷ka f;dard.;a ñksiaiqu fj;s' b;sx Tõyq ksoyi i|yd igka lsßu mdmhla fkdfõ' jy,alï lrkakehs lshk úg —wms jy,a fkdfjuqhs lSu kS;sh leãula fkdfõ' rdcH fødays l%shdjla fkdfõ' Tjqka Tjqkaf.a ÿlska ñÈug l%shdlsÍu wmrdOhla fkdfõ' — wvq jegqmg jev fkdlrkafkñhs lsu wmrdOhla fkdfõ' fldkao keñh hq;af;a jy,a úh hq;af;a foúhkag ^i;Hhg& muKh' lsisu ñksfil=g jy,a fkdúh hq;= ienE oyu thhs' b;sx'' hqla;sh yd i;H ms,sn| y`v kj;kqhs b,a,d isák úg ta y`v fkdkj;ajd kexùu ksjy,aj Ôj;a ùuhs'' Tjqyq fuka fï foaj,a ñ,g .kqæ fukau fï foaj,a lrkqæ hkqfjka mjik úg wmg wjYH foa wms ksmojd .ekSu wmsg WÑ; foa wms lrf.khdu ksoyiaj ðj;a ùuhs'' wmj fnÞ fjkalrkq msksi øúvhd Tfí i;=rdh'' fndÿkqjd Tfí tÈßldrhdhehs lshkúg'' kE Tjqka wfma ñ;=rka yd fidhqrka hehs is;Su ksoyia is;=ú,a,hs'' Tjqyq úisfrkakg wKlrk úg tluq;=ùu ksoyiaj Ôj;a ùuhs'' rgu tl mjq,la f,i is;uq' rgu tl mjq,la fjuq ksoyig uÕ thhs' 1995 fmnrjdß

ñksialug ks.dfok fmdÿ m%jdykh' m%jdyk weu;s weu;sksfhda fmdÿ nia r: j,g ke.S ÿïßh j, ke.S u.S ck;djf.a ÿl fidhd ne¨fjdah' u.S ck;dj iekiqï iqiqï fy¨fjdah' .ukd .ukfha § l= k q u d¿ .dkg m;a j k ñks i q k a ;= , ñksialug iß,k m%jdyk l%uhla ,nd .kakg ;snQ jqjukdj m%ldY jQfha ck;d ika;l fndaâ ,E,s ,x.u ùfuka muKla fkdfõ'


40

md¿lrfha y`v

tla fudfyd;lg niaßhlg f.dvng ue;s weue;af;da iem jdyk j,g we;=¿ ù iqmqreÿ .ufkah' g¾fnda bkagl+,¾ muKla fkdj oyila iqfLdamfnda.S jdyk olsñka ck;dj fjkodg;a jvd uy u. .ukd .uk igfkah' ck;d m%jdyk m%;sma;;sfha wkqyiska ;e,S fmdäù f;rmS hk ñksia lkaordj Èfkka Èk mSvdjg m;afjoa§;a tu m%jdyk fiajfhau wkqyiska uyu. ckhd ñh hoa§;a úi÷ula fj; ,xfjk nj j;a fkdfmkajd isákafkda —uyck ksfhdað;hka˜ fkdj uyckhdg ks.d fokafkdah' u.S m%jdykfha ish¿ mõ fm!oa.,sl niar: fyda miq.sh rch;a u; mgjd w; fidaod.kafka kï tjka ks,Odßka wmg fudgo@'' iqfLdamfnda.s nia r:" fukau ÿïßh ;=< m,uq mka;sfha wdik f,io hula lula ;sfnk whg m%jdyk myiqlï kS;sfhkau fjkalr ;sîu hkq m%jdyk m%;sm;a;sfhkau ÿmam;=kaj lmd yeÍuls' iSika álÜgqfjka hefmk fmdÿ m%jdyk fiajfha irK fidhk ,CI ixLHd; uyckhd .ek is;d m%jdyk m%;sm;a;s l%shd;aul lrkakg neß kï uyck uqo,ska kv;a;= jk m%jdyk ue;s weu;s ks,OdÍka rgg l=ulgo@ fmdÿ ckhdf.a jeisls<s m%Yakhg W;a;rhla f,i iqfLdamfnda.S jeisls<s Wmlrk wdkhkh lsÍug myiqlï ie,iSu jeks ms<s;=rla fkdj" ienE úi÷ulg n,OdÍkag n,lrk l%shd ud¾. fj; u.S ckhd ixúOdkh úh hq;=h' 1995 cqks

uyckhd rlskq fjkqjg rjgk kS;s óg jirlg muK fmr wm rfÜ ;sfnk lïy,a j,ska 1900lgu ^90] muK& mßir iq/l=ï iy;sl fkdue;s nj jd¾;d úh' óg foudihlg muK fmr wm rfÜ ;sfnk Tiqy,a ^*duis& 2700 lgu ^90] muK& n,m;% fkdue;s nj jd¾;d úh' fï lreKq folu wkdjrKh lf,a rcfha j.lsjhq;= wdh;k úiska' ta;a fï .ek úêu;a ;Skaÿjla f.k ks;Hdkql+, mshjr .ekSug rch Wkkaÿ jqfka ke;'


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n,m;% fkdue;s lïy,a yd Tiqy,a ck;djf.a Ôú;hg úYd, f,i ydkslrhs' ta .ek wuq;=fjka lshkak wjYH kE' wo wfma ck;dj fm<k uQ<sl m%Yak folla ;uhs' lïy,a u.ska isÿjk mßir ¥IKh yd T!IO cdjdrï u.ska isÿ lrk .idlEu' ck;djg wdohr lrk kdhlhska kï ta ;;a;ajh ÿgq jydu Bg ksis ms,shï fh§ug lghq;= l< hq;=hs ,hsika ke;s" úÿ,s ,dïmq ke;s ÿmam;df.a mdmeÈhg ov kshu lrk" ÿmam;a lug rd ùÿrejla fol;a úl=Kk whj w,a,,d ov kshu lrk kS;sh l%shd;aul lrkak fï bÈßfha ksy`vhs' kS;s meje;=k;a kS;s l%shd;aul fkdlrk ;;ajhla mj;skafka kS;shg jvd Okho n,ho fmrg meñK we;s ksidh' b;sx n,m;% .ekSu ms<sn| kS;s uyckhd iq/lSugo@ /jàugo@ hkak uyck;dj f;arï.; hq;=h' n,m;a ke;s Tiqy,aj,o" lïy,aj,o nr lvd jefgkafka uyckd;j msg ñi Okj;=kafyda n,j;=ka msg fkdfõ' uyckhd wjÈ úh hq;af;a o ;ukaf.a wdrlaIdj i|yd ixúOdkh úh hq;af;ao ta ksidh' 1995 cQ,s

ck;dj isysk ols;s - lïlrejkag ;re fmfka Y%S ,xldjg újD; fj<| fmd<ls'' tys wmQ¾j;ajh fuhhs' kslka isák ydïmq;a=kag l=Kq fld,a,hg Y%uh ñ,§ .; yel' fjfyfik lïlrekag .sKs .Kka j,g nvq ñ,§ .; yel' hqo udkisl;ajfha .s,S hñka isysk olsñka isá ck;djg my<u fY%AKsj, lïlrejkaf.a brKu .ek ye.Sula ke;sjd jdf.ah'' tfy;a í¨ vhukaâ fiajlhska jeks idudkH lïlrefjda oyia .Kkla fmf<k msvdjg ixfõÈ úh hq;=uh' úYaj úoHd, we÷rka ffjoHjreka jeks whf.a jev j¾ck Tjqka Èkd.kafka .=álEfuka f;drj ùu;a idudkH lïlrejkag .=á lEfuka j;a b,a,Sï Èkd.; fkdyels ;;a;ahjhla ;sîu;a wmg rg fm<k úIu;djfha ld,lkaks m%ldYkhls' idudkH lïlrefjda fyj;a my<u fY%AKsj, /lshdjkays ksr; jkafkda fmdaiag¾ nek¾" jev j¾ck lrkafka oyiska ne§ msh<s i|yd fyda jdyk myiqlï wdÈh i|yd fkdfõ' Ôjk nrg WrÈh yels jegqmlg fyda ;u w¾:idOl jeks b,a,Sï i|ydh'


42

md¿lrfha y`v

ta;a wfma is;=ú,s wmqQreh' hqoaOh ksid Tjqka b,a,Sï b,a,k tl yß ke;' ta;a uka;%Sjrekg iem jdyk ,nd.ekSu;a ydïmq;=kag w¾:idOl fkdf.jd isàu;a yß ke;af;a ke;' wmsg ys;kakg mqreÿ lr we;s ieáhl uy;æ fiajl §ukd fkdf.ùuo rchg nÿ fkdf.ùuo nexl= j ,g fmd¨ ;eîuo lrka k d foa Y udkHh" i;a.=Kj;ah'' Tjqkag iudÞk úksYaph ldrlula §ugo iqÿiqh' tfy;a ;u w¾:idOl b,a,Suo fidÉpï jegqmla i|yd msláka ls Í uo is ÿ lrka k d foa Y føda y s h dh' lvdlma m ,a l drhdh' ;%ia;jdÈhdh'' Tjqkag myr §uo fjä ;nd urd ±óuo iqÿiqh' wm ;=< fï wkaOldrh we;s lrkafka foaYmd,k kdhlfhdah'' wd.ñl kdhlfhdah' b;sx tjka kdhlhska wkqj hñka ;u whs;Ska Èkd.ekSug ;ju;a n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkafkda —udf.a wmrdOhhs˜ lshd.; hq;=h ue;sjrKj,§o wka yeu úgl§u kdhlhskag yqf¾ oud ;u ;uka .y urd.;a lïlrefjda ;u ;uka tluq;=ù l%shd l< hq;=h' igka fyfyhjkafkdao fï wfma kdhlfhdah" wfmau rchh' hkqfjka lïlrejkaf.a úYajdih Tjqka fj; fhduq lsÍu úYd,u wmrdOhls' foúhka jev isákafka jev lrk ñksiqka w;rh' Tjqkaf.a tluq;=j u; ñi kdhlhkaf.alreKdj u; .e<ùfï n,h /£ ke;' lïlrejdf.a fõ;kh miqÞ myka jk ;=re <Õ ;nd fkd.; hq;= nj Y=oO ,sheú,a, i|yka lrhs' fjfyfik nr Wiq,k ñksiqkaf.a oyäh Y%uh ksis mrÈ w.h lrk" Tjqkf.a Wreuh Tjqkagu ysñ jk ojila b;sydifha ,shefjk ;=re foú÷kaf.a leue;a; ñysmsg bgq fkdfõ' 1996 ckjdß

f.dú l÷¿ udkj YsIagdpdrfha mqfrda.dñhd f.dúhdh'' oYl .Kkdjla mqrd Èfkka Èk ufâ tfrkjd yefrkakg uv fidaÞ.kakg bvlvla wfma f.dúhkag ,eî ke;' f.dúhd rclrjkakg nyq cd;sl fmdfydr iud.ï j, isg foaYmd,k iud.ï" tka'Ô'´' iud.ï olajd fndfyda fokd bÈßm;aù isáho fmdf<dkakrefõ ù f.dúfhda ishÈú kid.;a hq.h wjidk ù ke;' jÜglald f.dúka' w, f.dúka we;=¨ t<j¿ yd wydr fNda. f.dúfhdao urKh fj; ;,a¨ fjñka isá;s'


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ke;' Tjqkaj urKh fj; ;,a¨ lrñka ;sfí' f.dúlu f.dkalula fj; ;ekg mdr lemqfjda f.dúlu .ekWmfoia fok f.dúhdf.a ys;ñ;=rka hehs lshk fmdfydr iud.ï we;=¨ foia úfoia f,dl= f,dlafldah' b;s x ±ka jjka f kda kefika f kda h ' tl tl weu;s j rhd wfkldg fpdaokd lrñka isák w;r f.dúhka Kh nßka ñßls id.skaoßka ±ù hkq we;' kshÕfhka ±fjk rcrg uy lkakfha .suka ksjd,kakg uyje,sh ;ju;a wfmdfydi;ah' mSfok ;=re n,d isá .i j| msÈ,d jf.ah' yeuÞu;a f.dúhd fmdfydi;a jkafka zwoZ fkdfõ' zfygZ hæ cd;sfha mjg my<jQ kdhlhska isák rgl th wreuhla fkdjkq we;' kuq;a B<Õ lkakh ms<sn| uejQ isysk urKfhka fl<jr ùu'' fÄojdplhls' 1996 fmnrjdß

w÷ßka kslafuk t<sh''' fï wkaOldrh wdYs¾jdohls' wkaOldrh ojfia meh mjd fjkia lrkakg mgkaf.k we;''' bkaÈhdj;a c, úÿ,sfhka taldf,dal lsÍug mïfmdaß .eiQ foaYmd,k mrmqf¾ úldrckl ydiHhka .ek l;d mqj;a u;=j ths'' mrK wdKavqj yd w¨;a wdKavqj f,i jro wfkld msg megùu mgkaf.k we;' wdÈ uõmshkaf.a ld,fha isg mej; tk ;u jro ms<sfkdf.k wfkld msg megùfuka ksrej; jid.ekSfï jxl lu ñi wka lsisjla bka fkdfmfka''' fï wkaOldrh wdf,dalfha§ fkdfmkqk ;j;a foa wmg fmkajhs'' oyia .Kka ;ju;a l=mams ,dïmqfõ wdf,dalfhka /h myka lrk rfÜ ? t<sjk;=re j¾K úÿ,s nqnq¿ ksú ksù o,ajñka ujd.;a iqriem ieKfl<sj,g jkaÈh lerlS weú;ah'


44

md¿lrfha y`v

,laI .Kkla l=i.skafka isák rfÜ Èjdrd;%S l%slÜ ;rÕ úÿ,s wdf,dalOdrd uOHfha krUñka m%S;s jqfjdao fï wkaOldrh .ek md,lhskag foia fofjd,a ;n;s''' úÿ,s nqnq¿ wdf,dalhg .skslk jefgñka j;=r u,a'' jdhq iukh' ieKfl<s'' .sksfl<s'' mj;ajñka t<sh ì|l=ÿ fkdjegqKq ñksiqka wu;l lr kegQ fcda.s .ek rcjrekq;a" ck;dj;a l,amkd lr ne,sh hq;=h' óg udi .Kkl isg kshÕfhka ±fjk f.dú orejka .ek ydjla yQjlake;sj isá md,lfhdao ck;djo ±ka ta kshÕhg yiqù l¿jf¾ isák úgj;a rfÜ h:d¾:h f;areï .; hq;=h' wfma kdhlfhda rg;a ck;dj;a bÈßhg f.k hd yels wh fkdjk nj ±kaj;a f;areï.; hq;=h' Tjqyq úÿ<s t<sfhka ujk ,o isysk f,dalj, rfÜ wkd.;h fyda ÿmam;a ck;dj.ek yeÕSula ke;sj /£ isák ck;djla njo f;areï .; hq;=h' fï .uk kdhlfhda;a ck;dj;a .shfyd;a rfÜ wkd.;hu w÷re nj f;areï.; hq;=h' th f;areï .kafka kï" fï w÷r wdYs¾jdohls''æ 1996 cqks

ffjYHdlrKhg;a jvd oreKqh' wirKhdj rlsk l%uhla ke;s mõldr iudchl bmeÿkq ksid lsisjla lrlshd.; fkdyelsjQ we;eï uõjre ;u weÕ úl=Kd orejka ljd fmdjhs' ta orejkag we;s wdorh ksiduh' tjka .eyeKshlg jqjo ,efnk fmdÿ kduh ffjYHdjh' ;j;a uõmshjre orejkajo Tjqkag Wreu úh hq;= oEo úl=Kd Tjqyq ldî Ôj;a fj;s' wfma md,lfhda wh;a j ka f ka fï foj¾.fhka fojk j¾.hghs' ke;skï wkd.; mrïmrdjkq;a rg;a úl=Kd lk Bg;a jvd oreKq wmrdOlrejka .Khgh' újD; wd¾Ólh werUqfka wfma wïu,dj wdhïudlrKhg ,la lrñks'' bkamiq l=vd orejkao we;=<;a jk f,i wd¾Ólh;a'' ñksia wd;auhkq;a ffjYHdlrKhg ,la lrk ,§'' ±ka ;ukagj;a ±ka isák whgj;a whs;s ke;s'' ;j mrïmrd ish .Kklg whs;s


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úh hq;= rfÜ iïm;a úl=Kka lhs'' fï ish,a, isÿ lrkafka rclï lrkakgh' rdcH whd;k'' rfÜ N+ñh fok úl=Kk wdldrh neÆúg Bg jvd hula isÿ fkdjk nj iyiqoafokau fmfka' ck;dlrKh fõjd'' fm!oa.,SlrKh fõjd thska w;aúh yels ys;lr m%;sM,hla fõ kï th w;am;a lr.; yels jk wdldrhgj;a th isÿ fkdjk nj b;d meyeÈ,sh' wxl tfla fínÿ mshjreka'' wxl tfla ldufhka weúiaiqKq uõjreka oremjq,a úkdY lrkjdg;a jvd ish oyia .=Khlska fínoaoka ldud;=rhka fia md,lfhda l%shdlr;s' fï wefrka k fjk;a úl,a m hla fmka k kq æ ls h q n dj;a ck;dlrKhg hoa§ wmg ú;rla thska bj;aúh yelso@" wd§ ;¾l ú;¾lj,ska fï flrejdfõ fy¿j jid.; fkdyel' úl=Kka lEu ksud jk úg urka lEu werôh yel'' tfia l< fkdyels whg ish Èú kid.; yel' lreKq ldrKd isoaO jkafka ta úÈygh''' ck;djf.a .e<ùu .ek l;d ny lrk uqr foaj;dfjda fïjd .ek ydjla yQjla ke;' ukao iNdj;a Ydikh;a fm!oa.,SlrKh jQfha fndfyda l,lg fmr isg ksidh' ck;dj f;areï .; hq;= fohla ;sfí' mQclhskago kdhlhskago fjk;a rg rdcHj,a fyda újD;j ;sfnk nj;a'' ish Èú kid.kakg fjkafka ;ukag muKla nj;ah' wfyda fï mrmqr l=ulg iudk lrïo@ 1996 cQ,s

fyK jeÿkq yoj;a we;s ñksiaiqæ kS;sh hqla;sh fkdfõ' ol=fka'' ud;r fydag,hl§ l=vd orejka fofofkl= ,sx.sl wmpdrj,g fhdÞ.ekSu iïnkaOfhka úNd. jk kvqfõ§ idlaIs ,ndfokakdg úreoaOj urK ;¾ck t,a, jk njo" W;=f¾'' hdmkfha Wiia fm< úNd.hg fmkS isg wdmiq meñfKñka isá isiqúhla ¥IKh fldg urd ±óu yd weh fidhd meñks mjqf,a fofofkl= urd ±óu .ek isÿjk mßlaIKj,g


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yuqÞ ks<Odßfhl=f.ka ndOd meñfKk njo miq.sh ui w.§ jd¾;d úh' ´j;a jev±hs'' mqj;am;a u.ska ñksialï urdoukafkda wikakg mq¨jk'' úfYaIfhka wysxil ore±ßhka ¥IKh lÍu" ¥IKh fldg urd±óu iïnka O fhka fï rfÜ ks ; s h '' fmd,S i s h yd yuq Þ j l%shd;aul jk wdldrh .ek óg jvd m%n, WÞyrK ;sfíhehs lshkago mq¿jk'' wYslaIs; foaYmd,k mßirhla ;=< YsIag iïmkak fmd,Sishla" yuqÞjla me;sh fkdyelsjdfiau whqla;siy.; md,k ;ka;%hl wKil hgf;a mj;sk kS;shlska hqla;sh me;sh fkdyel' rfÜ u,a iïm; ¥IKh lrkúg" ¥IKh lr urd ouk úg ¥Ilhska iqrlskakdjQo" ¥IKhg yjq,a fjkakdjQo fmd,Sish;a"' kS;sh;a wm rg ;=< mj;skafka by; lS foaYmd,k ikao¾Nh ;=<h' m%Yakh th fkdfõ' ;u ¥ orejka tjka brKulg m;ajk úg foudmshka wd.ñl kdhlhska hehs lshd.kakd msßi ksy`vj isàuh'' miq.shÞ fn,aðhï jeishka ydr,laIhla muK l=vd ±ßhka fofofkl= ¥IKh lr urd ±ófï isoaêhl§ fmd,Sish yd Widúh l%shdl< wkaoug úfrdaOh mdkakg tla/iajQy' i;shlg ia;%S ¥IK mkyla muK jd¾;d jk wm rfÜ'' @ we;a;gu fï rfÜ foudmshka hehs msßila isá;ao@ wd.ñl kdhlhska hehs mßila isá;ao@ fmd,Sish'' yuqÞ yd kS;shu f.dhu iqrlsk jeg yd kshr fkdjk nj ck;dj f;arï .; hq;=h' md,lhskaf.a Wjukdjka u; fmd,Sishg yuqÞjg pß; iy;sl ,shk ro.=rejre we;=¿ wd.ñl kdhlhska hkq wfma iÞpdrd;aul yd wd;aól fmdaIKfha fhfok tf`âreka fkdjk njo clk;dj f;areï.; hq;=h' fï ish,af,da tl;=j wfma ukqiailu urd we;'' wo wfma rfÜ kdhlfhdao jeäysáfhdao fm<.efikafka ¥IKhg tfrysj fkdj ¥IKh lsÍfï whs;sh Èkd.ekSu foigh' b;sx fï rg úkdY ùu mqÿuhlao @ 1996 fkdjeïn¾

reêrfhka l;sr .eiSu hqoaOh yd wdrlaIl lghq;= m%udKj;a fkdue;s ksid hehs l,aoeuqKq m<d;a md,k ue;sjrKh meñK ;sfí'' —hqoaOh ksud ù


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wdrlaIl ;;ajh hym;a w;g yeÍ ;sfío@ th wkjYH m%Yakhls'' l,a ±uqKq m%cd;ka;%jdoh WÞlr ;sfí'' b;sx Wkq;a urd.ksñka wms th N=la;s ú¢uqæ l,a ±uq k q ue;s j rKhfujr wm fj; wdfõ cd;Hka ; r ixúOdkj, n,mEu ksiduh'' th ckdêm;skshf.a m%ldY j,skau ;yjqre fõ' wmg ,enk m%cd;ka;%jdoh fldhs;rï wmQreo@ th ;SrKh lrkafka úfoaYslhkah' m%cd;ka;%jdoho bïfmdagâh' jvd jeo.;a wms .ek is;Suh' uy n%yiam;skaÞ Pkaoh ;sífnd;a Pkaohg jvd we¨ï lrk ksid wd.ñl j;djka Èhdre fõúhs y`vlao ke.=Ks Pkaoh ±óu wd.ñl hq;=lula" mK;la" YS,hlanjg m;al< rgl wms Ôj;a fjuq' fujka m%cd;ka;%Sh hq;=lï okakd ñksiqka isákafka fjk ljr rglo@ ñks i q k a f .a iudc j.lS u —Pka o h §u˜ ola j d ,>q f ldg foaYmd,k l=mdälïj,g úreoaO ùu"uyck Pkaofhka m;ajq ksfhdað;hskag tfrysj hEula urKSh mdmhla f,i is;kakg mqreÿ lsÍu'' Okm;s m%cd;ka;%jdofha;a" Tjqkag w;aje,a .dhkd imhk wd.ñl ixia:dfõ;a wmQre ks¾udKhls'' tu.ska fï rfÜ m% c d;ka ; % j doh iq / flk nj f,da l hdg fmka k q ï ls Í ug;a " ñksiqkagu ta;a;= .ekaùug;a md,lhskag yelsù ;sfí' kuq;a tu.ska ck;djf.aiudc j.lSu Èhdre ù f.dia rg úkdYhg .uka lr ke;so@ ieneúkau isÿù we;af;a thhs' Pkaoh § iudc j.lSfuka w; fidaÞ.ekSu fÊiq;=ud urKhg mdjd§ ms,d;a w; fidaÞ.ekSug;a jvd mdmhls' ukao th wmf.a urKhg wmu w; Tijd.ekSula jk ksidh' ck;dj fkdue;sj mlaI fkd;sfí'' tfy;a mlaI n,hg m;ajQ úg ck;dj bgq l< lsisjla ;sfío@ ke;' ish,a, lr we;af;a ckdêm;sjreh' ue;sweu;sjreh'' uka;%Sjreh'' Tjqyq ck;djf.a .e<jqïlrefjdah' ck;dj kslfudah'' ck;dj ysÕkakka lrk ck;djf.a uq o ,s k a hefmka f kda .e<jq ï ldr Þkm;s h ka lrk foaYmd,kh tfiah' foú÷ka irK hk lsisfjl=g th foaj;ajfhka msÈh fkdyel'' wkqu; l< fkdyel'' wms Pkaoh fok kuq;a ksfhdackh lrk fohla ;sfío@ wmj ksfhdackh lrkafkla isào@ wms iduh ksfhdackh jkakg Pkaoh ÿksuq' tfy;a hqoaOh rcù we;' wms NSIKhg tfrysj Pkaoh ÿksuq'


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tfy;a fjä WKav wm fidhd meñfKa'' wms fï j;alï úlskSug tfrysj Pkaoh ÿksuq' wfma j;alï úfoaYslhka mjrd .kS'' tfy;a wm fjkqfjka l:d lrkakg wfhla isào@' Pkaoh i|yd wfmalaIlfhda fmdrl;s'' ñks urd.ks;s'' .=á weK .ks;s'' l=ulgo@ uyckhd jk wmg fiajh lsÍug we;s uyd fm%auh ksido@ wfka fï ;rï ck;djg fiajh lsÍug fmdrlld'' Èú mQcd lrñka .=á lld bÈßm;a jk ñksiqka isák rgla fï ;rï ld<lKaKs jQfha flfiao@ wreuhla fkdfõo@ wfma lu ì,a,g foñka w,a,mq jefÜ Wka ms,a fn§ weKfldg f.k'' u.=,g urfKg fkdhk ;rug úrilù fï ld<lKaKs foaYmd,khg m%cd;ka;%jd§ uqødj ;nk Pkaoh §u muKla wfma iudc j.lSu njg m;alrf.k ;jÿrg;a wm isákjdo@'' is;kak th Tng Ôú;h lshd fok m%Yakhla jkq we;' 1997 ud¾;=

foaYmd,lhska ksrdhqO lsÍu fkdflfrk fjolulska iqjh m;d isàu urKfhka fuyd fl<jr fkdjkafkah' bl=;a m<d;a md,k ue;sjrKhg fmr kd,kao t,a,dj, uka;%Sjrhd >d;kh lsÍu;a iu. foaYmd,lhska ksrdhqo lsÍug wdKavq mlaIh fukau úmlaIho w; tiejQ ieá" lg fi,jQ ieá Tng u;lo @ thg iqn m;d l;=jels ,shQ ieá Tng u;lo@ lsm fofkl=f.a wdhqO lSmhla tl;= l< yeá Tng u;lo@ bÈka udi ;=kla bl=;aj ;sfí' tkakæ foaYmd,lhska ksrdhqO ù we;s ieá n,kak''' ±ka b;sx >d;k ixialD;sfha cv ysi ;j;a kï tiefjk tlla ke;e óg jir folyudrlg fmr ckdêm;sjrKhg fmr uyd ue;sjrKhg fmr >d;k ixialD;sh msgq ±lald Tng u;lo@ >d;khka" >d;k ixialD;sh msgq±lSug fkdj" >d;kh fjñka mj;sk ;u nxfldf<d;a foaYmd,k jHdmdr f.dvk.d .ekSug fhdod.ekS u wdKa v q f õ;a " úmla I fha ; a ;j fndfya mla I j,;a wm%ldYs; jHdmdrh njg m;aù we;'


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Èhjkakd Tfha >d;khkays j.lsj hq;a;ka kS;sfha /yekg yiqlr.ekSfï l%shdj,sfhka lr weÍuo" j,amsg iuQy ñksuerefï j.lsj hq;= idlaIs we;s foaYmd,lhd ksoyia lsÍug bv yeÍuo kS;sm;s" fmd,siam;s wdKavqj;a fï >d;k ixialD;shg bvfok njg ksoiqka folla muKs' ;uka l< >d;k fkdj wkqka l< >d;k .ek muKla l:d lrk fldhs foaYmd,kh;a"'' fldhs foaYmd,lhd;a hlaIhskaf.a wêm;shd yd ne÷kls' ñksure foaYmd,khg chfõjdæ th fï ish¿ fokdf.au yenEu me;=uhs' Tjkaf.a me;=u fukau mej;=uo ñksure foaYmd,kh yÞjvd fmdaIkh lsßuhs' b;sx'' fï /já,sldr h:d¾:h f;areï.kak fï b;sydih mqrd ´kE ;rï mdvï wmg ;sfí' wks l a w;g foa Y md,lhs k a ks r dhq O ls ß fuka muKla foaYmd,kh ksrdhqO fkdjk nj wm f;areï .; hq;=h' >d;k foaYmd,kfha uyd m%ldYkh jk hqoaOh ksud lsÍu'' Bg msgq fok iduc wd¾Ól fldkafoais mrdch lsÍu olajd jk È.= .ukls th'' tjekakla fï ld ;=,;a ke;'' ksrdhqO foaYmd,khlg lg fi<jqj;a w; tiejqj;a'' Tjqkf.a m%dfha.sl foaYmd,kh >d;khg w; §fï' >d;;lhska ìys lsÍfï" fmdaIKh lsÍfï" wdrlaId lsÍfï yd >d;kh idOdrKSlrKh lsÍfï foaYmd,khhs' 1997 cqks

wmQre m%cd;ka;%jdoh idlaIs bÈßm;a ù ;sfnk nj meyeÈ<s fjoa§;a ñksueßulg iellrk leisfkda y,aj, .ejfik f,daydka r;aj;af;aj w;a wvx.=jg .ekSgu i;s .Kka l,a urK fmd,Sish'' oy wf;a Kh ù oyäh j.=rd ñßia lsf,da .%Eï 700 l wiajekakla .;a;;a fmdä tldg ls ß melÜ tla l .ka k j;a fkyels úfï wfma l a I d Nx.;ajfhka ;u ñßia .sks ;enQ isßkdu nKavdr jeks f.dúhka fudfyd;ska fmd,sia l+vqfõ oud ßudkaâ.; lrkakg ksfhda. fohsæ ;dm n,d.drh ksidu ;u j.dìï wysñ ùu .ek y`v k.k ix>hd jykafia we;=¿ whj w;awvx.=jg .kS'


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ñßia .sks ;eîfuka uyckhdg wjysr ùu ksid;a mßirh ¥IKh ùu ksid;a wms Tjqkaj wêlrKhg bÈßm;a l<d" uyck iduh lvjk ksid w;awvx.=jg .;a;d hehs fmd,Sish lshhs' wfkaæ fldhs;rï ck;d ys;jd§ fmd,Sishlao@ .,awÕ=re n,d.drh bÈ lf<d;a jk mßir úkdYh .ek weußlka y`äka jk mßirh úkdY .ek ñksiaiq fm<md,s hkjd'' b;sx Bg j.lsj hq;= wh wêlrKhg bÈßm;a fkdlrkafka wehs@ mßir úkdYh .ek l;d lrk ñksiqkag fjä ;shkafka wehs@ wiajekak úl=Kd.; fkdyelsj fm<md,s hk f.dúhka w;a wvx.=jg .kafka wehs@ ta m%Yak fmd,Sisfha uy;a;=rekaf.aka weish hq;= ke;'' wms wfmka widf.k f;areï .; hq;=h' ñksfil=f.a Ôjk ud¾.h meyer.ekSu Tyq ueÍulehs Y=oaO jQ nhsn,h mjihs'' ieneúkau isr.; l< hq;af;a j.d ix.%du hehs jd.a ix.%du mj;ajñka ienE f,i j.d ixydrh i|yd fjk f,dal nexl= ksfhda. bgq lrk'' fmdÿ ckhdf.a iqL úyrKhghs lshñka nyq cd;sl iud.ïlrKhg há;, myiqlï f,i ;dm n,d.dr wêfõ.S ud¾. c;djf.a Ôjk ud¾.h jid bÈlrkakg hk ue;s weue;a;ka fkdfõo@ tfy;a wmg W.kajd ;sfnkwmQre m%cd;ka;%jdoh fuhhs' —ñks ueÍu jrola fkdfõ' ñksueÍug úfrdaOh mEu o`vqjï ,eìh hq;= jrols''˜ l%shd;aul kS;sh th fkdfõo@ ol=fKa§o W;=f¾§o l%shd;aul jkafka wkak ta wmQre m%cd;ka;%jdohhs' foúhka wmg mjikafka —Tnf.a Ôú;h flfrys n,hla ljfrl=gj;a fkdfokak lshdh' l;srhlska wfma Ôú; flf¾ ish¿ n,h foaj y`vg wjk; ke;s fkdñksiqkag mejÍfï úmdlh fuhsh' fuh ;dm n,d.drh fjk ;eklg f.khdu fyda i'f;d'i' ñßia ñ,§ .ekSfuka úif|k m%yakhla fkdfõ' wfma Ôú; .ek n,h id;kaf.a ksfhdað;hskag mjrd § Tjqkaf.a id;ka-wdl,am wfma lr.ekSu ms<sn| m%Yakhls' 1997 uehs


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hqo ìfï ldudmrdO m<s.ekSfï cvu iajrEmh ia;%S ¥IKhhs' iQrdlEfï cvu iajrEmh ,sx.sl iQrdlEuhs' n,j;=kaf. ldudYdj ksid Wm; ,enQ hqoaOh'' n,j;=kaf.a meje;a u Wfoid mj;a j df.k hk hq o a O h oyia .Kkla fh!jkhkaf.a fhdjqka úh iqrdlhs' ol=fKa§ rKúrejka f,io W;=f¾§ uyúrejka f,io nõ;siau lrñka isÿ lrkafka'' n,j;=kaf.a ldudYdj ikais÷jd.kq jia W;=fr;a ol=fKa;a ÿmam;a orejkaf.a fh!jkh yd Ôú;h iQrdlEuhs' Nø fh!jkfha ish¿ is;=ï me;=ï urKhg ne|;nd cd;sh / l,kakhs lshd hqO ìug .d,a l< ol=fKa ;reKfhda ;ukaf.a wïud" ìß|" kx.S" wlald" ÿj jeksjQ W;=f¾ uõjre'' fidhqßhka'' ¥IKh lr;s'' ¥IKh lr jo § urd ou;s'' W;=f¾ ,sx.sl wmrdO ;jÿrg;a ord.; fkdyels ;rug j¾Okh ù we;' th ;jÿrg;a ord isákakg ol=fKa ñksiqkag yelskï fyg ol=K h<s l÷¿ ú,la f,a id.rhla njg m;aùu flfiaj;a j<lajd ,sh fkdyelsh' kuq;a isÿjkafka thhs' yeg oyilg jvd w;=reoykajQ orejka isák ol=fKa ñksiqka W;=f¾ w;=reoykaùï .ek uqksj; rlsk ;rugu ol= f Ka is h ¿ ck;d ùrhka cku;h Okj;= k a f .a n,j;=kaf.a u;h fyj;a id;kaf.a u;hg ì,s § yudrh' W;=f¾ f;d. .Kka ia;%S ¥IK bÈßfha ia;%Ska TgqKq m<ka rch .re .dïNSr ksy`v;djfhah' fyj;a'' ¥IKhg bv fok iajrEmfhah' md,lhka fjkqfjka YsIag iïmkak yuqÞjla ms<sn| pß; iy;sl ,shQ ol=fKa w.ro.=rejre iaj¾.fha jev isák ;u tlu mshdKkaf.a ÈhKshka ¥IKh lsÍu ms<sn| jpkhla l:d fkdlr;s'' Tjqkf.a ks, wlf;da,sl mqj;am; l%slÜ ch.%yK .ek ,shk m%udKfhka wxY= ud;%hl bvlaj;a fï i|yd l:d lrkakg jeh fkdlrhs' ol=fKa md,lhkaf.ao mQclhkaf.a n,lduh tfiah' W;=f¾ ñksiqks" th cd;sjdoh ,fi fkdolskak' th cd;sjdoh fkdfõ'' n,h ms<sn| mQcl-md,l ldudYdjhs' fï ldudmrdO m%ldY lrkafka fin¿kaf.a ldudYdfõ kreu;ajh fkdfõ' md,lhskaf.a


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ldudYdfõ kreu;ajhhs' W;=f¾ ;reKhka isxy,hhs lshk wysxil ñksiqka ïf,aÉP f,i lmd fldgd urdoukafkao ol=fKa ;reKhka fou< hehs lshk wysxyil ia;%Ska ¥IKh fldg urd oukafka o isxy,lu fyda fou<lu fjkqfjka fkdfõ' n,j;=kaf.a n,lduh fjkqfjks' th fkd±lSu hq.fha ld<lKaksluhs' n,fha ne,hka jQ isxy, fou< wms n,fhka wm msg megjQ mSvdj wms wmsju ld fldg .yurd ÍßudxY î''' msg lruq' n,j;=ka fyg jqjo w;aje,a ne|.kq iel ke;' W;=re ol=kq f,i fn§ ;u ;uka ld fldgd.kafka l=ulgo@ l=l=<kafldgjd ch ,nkakkag fkd/jfg,a,d'' iñ÷ka mjikafka thhs' 1997 cQ,s

fi!LH fiajh widOH ;;a;ajfhaæ ♦ laf,ìisfh,a,d úIîch YÍr.; ùfuka i;shla ;=< rfÜ m% O dk ffjoH wdh;khla jk ldi,a ùÈfha ldka ; d frdayf,a§ <orefjda kj fofkla ñh h;sæ ♦ f.kajd we;s ;%s;aj tkakf;a wvqmdvqlï ksid llal,a leiai frda.h jHdma; fjhsæ ♦ ks i s wëla I Khla fkdue;s lñka rems h ,a oY ,la I ye;a;Emyl fnfy;a øjH wmf;a hhsæ ♦ 1995 jirg taâia u¾Ok jev igyk i|yd f,dal fi!LH ixúOdkfhka ,enqKq uqo,ska 10]la j;a jeh lr ke;' ♦ T!IO iemhqï wxYfhka rcfha frday,a fj; imhd we;s Ndú;d fldg bj; ,i isßkac¾j,a ,sysis f;,a ♦ wkd:hka ,la i I .Kks k a is á k f,v frda . jix.; iS>%fhka fndafjk jkaks m%foaYhg T!IO imhkafka ;ju;a 1981 ix.Kkfha ck wkqmd;h wkqjh˜ fï uyd wmrdO jd¾;d jkafka cd;sl uÜgñka yd m<d;a uÜgñka fi!LH weu;sjre 11 fofkla isák l=vd rglh''' fï id kdia;shla" fï id Ôú; úkdYhla isÿùug kï fï fCIa;%j, j.lsj hq;a;ka f,i m;aù issákafka ñksiqka fkdj


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mUhka úh hq;=h' fï lreKq ldrdKd fya;=fjka ;uka mUhka" njg m;a j k nj ue;s weu;s " ks < OdÍ" ffjoH" fyo ieug fkdf;afrkafka ta ksid úh hq;=h' wdÈ ms;=re wdoïf.a isg tk jro wfkld msg mgjd w; fidod.ekSfï ksrej;a ms<sfj; u.ska ;sôß f.j,a fidfydka f.j,a njg m;a lsÍfï mdmfha idmfhka fldhs ldg;a ñÈh fkdyel''' mqkre;a:dmkfha j.lSu je,s isfuka;sj,g muKla fkdj ñksia yoj;go mjrd .; hq;=hehs lsma,sx mjid we;' rgl fi!LH ixrCIKfha j.lSuo frday,a f.dvke.s,s fyda T!IOj,g mjrdÈh fkdyel'' th tu fCIa;%fha fhfokakkaf.a yoj;g mjrd.; hq;=h' ;u whs;sjdislï .ek ksrka;rfhka igka lrk fi!LH fCIa;%fha fiajh lrkakka hqla;sh whs;sh b,a,d y`v k.k úg ;uka <Õ hq;=lu hqla;sh ;sfío hkak úuid n,kafkakï th ;ukaf.a oreuqKqmqrkaf.a;a'' fï rfÜ;a fi!LHhg b;d ys;lrh' fï ÿn,;d fi!LH fCIa;%hg muKla úfYaI jqQ tajd fkdjk nj;a fi!LH fCIa;%fhao wjxl lemjqkq fiajlhska isák njo we;a;ls' kuq;a ta lreKq ksid fï iy.yk wmrdOldr ;;a;ajh fkdi,ld isákakg fkdyelsh' fi!LH fCIa;%fha w¾nqoh fkdi,ld isàu hkq uq¨ rgu mK msáka j<,d ±óula jkq we;'' th fkdi,ld yeÍu ldf.a ldf.a;a YÍr fi!LHhg wys;lr jkq we;' fï ksid fkdmudj tä;rj uyck;djo ta i|yd ixúOdkh úh hq;=h' ;u m%foaYj, fmdÿ fi!LH fiajd wdh;kj, j¾Okhg l%shd lrk uyck fi!LH yuqÞ ìysl< hq;=h' 1997 iema;eïn¾

;E.s;a úl=Kdf.k nqÈ;s fm!oa.,sllrKfha irou —wjdikdjlg fïk iuyr rdcH ixia:d whjehg;a rfÜ ck;djg;a ±ßh fkdyels nrlanjg m;afjñka ;sfnkjd' fïksid fïjdfha ld¾hlaIu;djh kxjd,Sug jyd hula fkdl<fyd;a wkd.;fha§ we;súh yels ;;ajh nrm;, úh yelsh'˜


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1985 whjefha§ ck;djf.a ±ßh fkeyels nr ieye,a¨ lsÍfï fÉ;kdfjka rdcH wdh;k foia úfoia Okj;=kag úlsKSfï f,dal nexl= ksfhda. t<sh wdfõ tfiah' b;ska bkamiq oYlhg jvd jeä ld,hla f.ù ;sfí' ck;dj ±ka ±ßh fkdyels nßka ksoyia ù ;sfí' wfyda ieye,a¨fjka Èú f.jk cd;shl m%S;s m%udaohæ ck;d iïm;a nyqcd;sl uxfld,a,ldrhskag gmjrd§u ms<sn| ck;d ys;jdÈ pdgq nia hkq mrïmrd .Kklg udrdka;sl úI lejQ meks ìkaÿ nj ´kEjg;a jvd ;yjqre ù ;sìh§;a nyqcd;sl iud.ïlrKh u.ska fyda m%Yak úif|kjdkï lshk ish Èú kid.ekSfï wdl,amh yer fkd±uQ ñksiqkaf.a rglh wm Ôj;a jkafka'' rdcH wdh;k 8 la úl=Kd remsh,a ñ,shk 638 la ,nd .kakd úg n%jqkaia iud.u yd cqfj,a wdÜia hk fm!oa.,sl wdh;k foflka muKla rdcH nexl=j,g ^rchg& whúh hq;= Kh m%udKh remsh,a ñ,shk 617 ls' b;ska" uqo,a fidhd.ekSug l<hq;af;a l=ula ±hs wmyeÈ<s ldgo@ ÿ.S ÿmam;a ñksfil= fyda ;ukag ,enqKq ;E.a.la úl=Kd oukafka ke;' neßu fudfyd;l fyda úl=kd oukafka kï tho ryis.;jh' ukao" ;E.a.la úlsKSu ,eÊcd ke;s lula f,i is;k ksidh' rdcH jdfka ixia:dj úl=Kqfõh' jdfka ixia:dj hkq furgg ,enqKq ;Hd.hls' th úl=kd oukq ;Hd.h ,ndÿkafkdao n,d is á ;s ' ±ka chj¾Okmq r frda y , kïjQ ;E.a f .ka fldgia o fm!oa.,sllrKh lsßug ierfihs' rdcH wdh;k wld¾hlaIu kï foaYmd,k weÕs,s.eiSï ksid ,dN ,eìh fkdyelskï l< hq;af;a rdcH wdh;khka mj;ajd.; fkdyels wdKavq b,a,d wiaù f.or hduh' tfia fkdue;sj f.a fodr bvlvï j<x msÕka muKla fkdj ;E.sfnda.;a úl=Kd ;ukaf.a meje;au /l.ekSu fkdfõ' th f;areï.; hq;af;a wdKavq lrka k ka lrjka k ka fkdj tys mõ f.jka f kda jk fmdÿ uyck;dj jk wmsh'

ú/lshdj } urKh uq,a jir ;=< /lshd ,laIhla §ug fmdfrdkaÿ jQ" ú/lshdj ke;s lrkakg;a" tf;la ú/lshdfjka fmf<k ;reK ;reKshkag re' 1500$} l fvda,atlla §ug;a fmdfrdkaÿ jQ rchl j.lsj hq;= ckdêm;sksh jir ;=klg miq mjikafka l=ulao@


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;ukaf.a mqxÑ fudf<ag f;afrk yeáhg fï rfÜ ;reK ;reKshkag ;ukaf.a iqÿiqlïj,g wkqj /lshd fkdue;slu m%Odk m%Yakhla njhs' ue;s weu;sjre j.lsj hq;= ks<OdÍka ^ú&/lshd fj<| fmd<la mj;ajd tys we§ wd ú/lshd ;reK ck .Õ ±l mjikafka ú/ lshdj fï ;rï m%Yakhla nj ;ukag f;arefKa ±ka njhs' fmdfrdkaÿ hkq .Kka .;hq;= foaj,a fkdfõ hehso mejfia' b;sx''' ol=fKa ;=reKq f,a l| uy fmdf<dfõ fojrlau .,d hdu yd Rcq iïnkaOhla meje;s ú/lshdj .ek j.lsjhq;a;ka f,i m;a l< wh lrk fi,a,u tf,ih' rdcH wxYhg /lshd iemhSu l< fkdyel' wOHdmk l%uh / lshd fj<| fmd, yd fkd.e<fma Yla;su;a fm!oa.,sl wxYhla ke;' jeks fkfhl=;a fya;= mjiñka fï urKSh jHdëh Tvq ÿjkakg bv yßk n,j;a;= ;sfnk /lshd w;f,diai;a lsisÿ újD; m%;sm;a;shla ke;sj foaYmd,k fyxphshd,dg §fuka fjrfha .sks mqmqre wjq¿jd,kakg l%shd lr;s' jirla mdid cks; jk / lshd m%udKhg jvd fo.=Khla blaujñka /lshd fmda,sug tlafõ' wd.ñl ;reK ixúOdko tajdfha j.lsj hq;a;kao fï foaj úfrdaë /lshd §f" /lshd we;s lsÍfï l%uhkag úreoaOj j.lsj hq;a;kag lsisÿ n,mEula fkdlr isàu ;u ¥; ld¾h meyer yer isàu ;u neg¿jkaf.a urKh n,disàula fõ' ±kgu;a mj;sk /lshdud¾." úfoaY /lshd' ksoyia fj<| l,dm" fmd,sia yd yuqÞ fiajh" u;ameka' f¾ia nhs f¾ia" f,d;/ hs wf,úh wdÈho ðú;h iu. fkdj urKh iu. .eg .eiS we;' ú/lshdj fkdi<ld yeßu mrmqrla >d;kh lsÍuls' 1998 fmnrjdß

f.dúlu f.dkalula lrjQ >d;lfhda wfma l=i mqrjkakg foúhka uejqfha ù .ihs'' n; tk u.jk ù j.dj fkd;lk l, wms Wreu lr.;af;a id.skakhs'' id.;hhs'' úkdYhhs'' 60] la muK ukao fmdaIKfhka fmf<k nv.sks ñksiqka fï rgg Wreu jqfka rg lrjkafkda" n;a rij;a lsß rij;a


56

md¿lrfha y`v

fkdokakd ux myrkakka'' fld,a, lrejka ;laläka jQ ksidh' n;ska rg irejkak bv ÿkafkd;a jy,a f,i fï rfÜ ñksiqkahg;afldg.; fkdyels nj ÿgq w;S; múgq wêrdcHfhda jeõ lvd oud msßu orejka uerefjdah'' tfy;a ú f.dú;ek ke;a;g ke;s lrkakg wkqkg fkdmq¿jka úh' j;auka múgq kj wêrdcHfhda Tjqk ne,hka jk md,lhska lshk >d;lhska ,jd ù j.dj f.dúhdg tmd lr f.dúhd fyïn;a lrf.dúhdj;a ù j.dj;a j,m,a,g wßñka isà' merKs hlaihkag l< fkdyels jQ foah' tkï f.dúlu f.dkalula fldg rg id.;d.drhla lr ck;dj jy¨kaf.ka jy¨ka lr w,af,a kgjd ;ukaf.a u,a, mqrjd.ekSu fï kj hlaIfhda wmQrejg lr;s' ì,s h k .Kka Kh fkdf.jd fmd¨ ;enQ Wka f .a Kh fnd,aKh fia lmdyer" remsh,a mkaÞfya yhÞfya Khlrejka njg m;ajQ oyia .Kka f.dúfhda Widú le|jd uefrkakg yßk rgl' ta .ek l:d fkdlrk wd.ñl kdhlfhda''' cd;s ysff;Isfhda'' id;kaf.a ksfhdað;hka ñi foúhkaf.a ksfhdað;fhda fkdfj;s' múgqkaf.a wOu m%;sm;a;s ksid f.dvke.S we;s l=i.skak ukao fmdaIKh'' f.dúlu w;ayeÍu f.dúhka Èú kid.ekSu foaj leue;a; fkdj foaj leue;a ; fmr<d hlaI leue;a; lrkakkaf.a ks¾udKhkah' n;a ri lsß ri y÷kk ñksiqkag ofúhka wdrdOkd lrkafka fï mdmhg úreoaOj l%shd lsÍugh'

oyäh g tfrysj oyäh uehs udih t<efukafka lïlrefjks tlajõæ hk f;audj hgf;a uehs /,s 50 la 60 la meje;aùfuks' ta uehs 1 Èk f,dal lïlre Èkh ksñ;af;ks' jev j¾ck lsÍu uq¨ f,dju ms<s.;a ysñluls' ;u b,a,Su Èkd.ekSu i|yd oyäh fy<k ñksiqkag jev j¾ck lsÍu olajd l%shd ud¾. .; yelsh' ieneúkau wo f,dal lïlre ck;dj hï ysñlula N=la;s ú£ kï" ta ish,a, ydïmq;=kaf.a yd md,lhkaf.a udkj ohdfõ ixfÄ; fkdj jev j¾ck olajd jQ lïlrejkaf.a reërfhka Èkd.;a oEu fõ' tfy;a wo jev j¾ck .ek fojrla fkdj lSmjrlau is;kakg isÿù we;' ydïmq;=kag;a rchg;a ßojkakg" Tjqka wmyiq;djhg m;a lrkakg tÞ jev j¾ckj,g ;snQ yelshdj wo tf,iu ;sfío@


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ffjoHjre" fyofyÈhkaf.a j¾ck foi n,kak'' yduqmq;=ka o foaYmd,lhkao fm!oa.,sl frday,aj, isg úfoaY frday,aolajd f.dia iqj myiqlï ,n;s' yels who äiamekaiß fj; h;s' ÿmam;au ÿmam;a ñksiaiq uefr;s'' jekfi;s'' *elaia hka;%" fi,afg,a" Bfï,a fulS fkdlS myiqlï we;s Okm;s" n,m;s mka;Ska ;eme,a j¾ckj,ska fkdief,;s' ÿmam;au ÿmam;a ñksiaiq mSvdjg m;afj;s' ñßfl;s' oyäh g tfrysj oyäh u fhfofjk ;ekg wo wfma igka m;a j ;s f í' igka lrka k g w¨;a úêl% u fiúh hq ; = h ' WK ffjrihla .ek m¾fhaIK l< yels WmlrKhka ke;ehs lshd ljÞ ffjoHjre fyo-fyÈhkaj¾ckh lr;ao@ fjfyfikakdjQ nr Wiq,kakdjQ ish,a,kag iykh fok foú÷kaf.a rdcH ìys lrkakg w¿;ska is;kakg isÿj ;sfí' lïlrejka fkdjk lïlrejka njg m;ajQ nyq;rhla ìys lr ;sfnk" ìys fjñka ;sfnk fï id;kaf.a iudc wd¾Ól l%uh ;=< ñksid i;= jákdu Yla;sh jk Y%uh g ysñ ;ek §ug fmruqK fkd.ekS u hkq " kj ux fkdfiùu hkq udjf;a ;ks f jk" jekfik" ñhefok mrmqrla njg foajorejka m;a lsÍuls' ;ukau ;ukag tfrysj hqO je§uls' fjfyijkakdjQ o" nr Wiq,kakdjQ o ish,af,ks" w¨;a iS;sula fj;" w¨;a l%shdjla fj; .uka lruq' 1998 uehs

ñkS j,j,a ìys lrk hqoaOh tmd hdmkfha fpïuks yS urd j< ±uQ mqoa.,hska 400 lg wdikak msßilf.a iuQy ñkSj, .ek l:dj ol=fka ÿgqj;a fkdolsk" weiQj;a kEfik wkaO núka yd ìysß núka fmf<kakkaf.a kskaÞ iy.; wukqIH;ajh ksrej;a fldg we;' iQßhlkafoa isg wkdjrKh jQ" fkdjQ ish .Kka iuQy yd flaj, ñkS j<j,a" iqidk N+ñ" gh¾ iEhj,a" jOld.drj, hehs lshk yuqod" fmd,sia ks<OdÍkag yd foaYmd,lhkag Ydm flrE ol=fKa ñksiaiq fou< hehs lshk m%foaYj,§ tlS j.lsj hq;= ks,OdÍka" n,j;=ka idka;=jrhska .e<jqïlrejka fia l%shd lr;shs fndrejg is;d isá;s' tfia ù we;af;a ñkSure cd;sjdofha /já,sj,g we;a; yd yDoidlaIsh hgm;a lr we;s ksidh'


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l%sYdka;s l=udriajdó kvq ;Skaÿfjka wdKavqj ;ukaf.a fndre m%cd;ka;%jdoh f,dalhg m%ldY lrkakg W;aidy lroa§''' tu >d;kfhau ú;a;slrefjl= fy<sorõ l< fpïuks iuQy ñkSj, ms<sn| idmrdë l%shdj ;u wdKavq ld,hgu wh;a tlla ùfuka ;ukaf.a idu úfrdaë m%cd;ka;% úfrdaë ienE iajrEmh f,dalhgu m%ldY lrñkaisà' l%sYdka;s l=udriajdó isoaêh fukau fpïukS iuQy ñkSj,o isoaëka ish .Kklska tllanj yoj;la we;s ldg;a fmfka' ol=fKa iQßhlkafoaweglgq" l÷¿ fjkafoaisfha oud n,hg m;ajQ wdKavqjl uq.aO m%;sm;a;s ;jÿrg;a tjeksu iuQy ñkSj,j,a W;=f¾ lkskq ,nhs'' kuq;a ziduh i|yd hqoaOhZ keue;s ;srmáka th jid oukakg iÕjkakg W;aidy lrhs' iduh i|yd hqoaOhg w;a m q ä .ika f kda o th fkdkj;a ; d bÈßhg.fk hd hq ; = h s lshkafkdao l,ska meje;s yd ±ka mj;sk rchka ol=fka m%cd;ka;%h /lsug l< hqoaOfha§ mSvdjg m;ajQ whuh' udrefjka udrejg ñkSj,j,a ydrkakkag m%cd;ka;%jdoh /lSu ndr§fï wdÈkj tfiah' ol=Kg fukau W;=rg;a ì,af,da tmd'' ol=Kg fukau W;=r;g;a w;=reoykaùï tmd'' ol=Kg fukau W;=rg;a iuQy ñkSj,j,a tmd'' wd¾Ól úIu;d ;=rka lsÍfuka" hqoaOh ksud lsÍfuka fumsg w;=reoyka ùï'' iuQy ñkSj,j,a fkdkj;skq we;' iQßhlkao we;=¨ fndfyda wmrdOj,g j.lsjhq;a;kag o`vqjï fkdfokafka ;u meje;afï" hqoaOfha kdufhks' W;=f¾ñkS j,j,a yEfrkafkao ta ksiduh' tjekakka w;ska m%cd;ka;%jdoh b,a,d isàu úys¿jls' ukao" fï wmrdOj, uq,aj.W;a;rlrejd hqoaOh mj;ajd .kakd wdKavqj jk ksidh' we;uqka fufia b,a,d ;sfnkq wms Èáuq' zfpïuks ñkSj, .ek jyd mÍlaIK mj;ajkqæ hqla;sh bgq lrkqæZ fyd|hs ta;a wms fufia lshuq' zñkS j,j,a bÈlrk hqoaOh kej;Sug l%shd lruæ n, lruqæ 1998 wf.daia;=

foaYmd,k iodpdryrKh idrO¾uhg mgyeks lsisjla foaYmd,kh jYfhkao ksjerÈ úh fkdyelshehs lshukla ;sfí' tfy;a wfma rgg Wreuj we;af;a


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lsisÿ idrO¾uhlg wh;a ke;s foaYmd,khls' foaYmd,k iÞpdrh .ek lrk l;s l djka ¥ú,a , lg udhs ï fkdlrk foa Y mdk fp!rhkaf.ka" mdovhkaf.ka" msrekq crd j,la njg wm rfÜ foaYmd,kh m;aù we;' ñksialug ks.dfok wiNH mreI jpk fodaxldr fokafka foaYmd,k /iaùïj, mukla fkdfõ m%cd;ka;%jdofha mrudo¾Yh hehs mejfik md¾,s fïka;= iNd .¾Nho kSp;ajfha .s,S we;' ±ka wieì jev lsÍu lSu muKla fkdj tajd rEmdjdysks kd,sld yryd úldYkho" m;%sld f,i ksfjia j,gu ;eme,a lsÍuo yryd furg md,kfha mlaI ish,a, uq¿ rgu fkdñksia wieì krd j,la njg m;alr ;sfí' m;alrñka isà' idrO¾ufha iq/ls mshjreka jk mQcH mQcl ish,af,da msß;a kq,a nÈkafkao" wdYs¾jdoh rlkafkao ^;u jdish i,ld& fï iÞpdrfha ixydrlhskauh' wfma uqo,ska kv;a;= lrkafka jegqma f.jkafka fukak fï Woúhg nj uyck;dj is;d ne,sh hq;=h' wfma ksfhdað;fhda fï whhehs lshdmdkakg uyck;dj leu;s kï rglg ;sfnkafka ck;djg .e,fmk wdkavqjla hk lshuk i;Hhls' tfia ke;akï wms Pkaoh § we;af;a ksoaÈ; fp!r /,lg nj jgydf.k fï Woúh wfma ks f hda ð ;hka fkdjk ;ek;g m;a l s Í ug wm ;SrKhla.; hq;=h' ck;djg fyda cd;shg fiajh lsÍu fkdj ck;dj cd;sh ;uka f .a iq N is o a ê h i|yd mdúÉÑlrk iÞpdrh ldndis k s h d lrkjqkag w;afmd,ika §fuka u,aud, ±ófuka Tjqkaf.a PdhdrEm t,a,d .ekSfuka tjka m%N+ka .e,jqï lrejka i;a .=Kj;a ue;s W;=uka f,i ie<lSfuka wm lrk uy wmrdOhg ,hg .idf.k ukia:dmù ñksi;alu w.hk foaYmd,khla i|yd wjYH cd;sl ffO¾hla f.dvk.d .ekSug l%shd lruq' 1998 iema;eïn¾

kS;sfha mrudêm;Hh yd foaYmd,k cvdêm;Hh' kS;sfha mrudêm;Hh .ek kyq;hla .re .dïNSr jpk m%ldYjqjo" w;f,diaila yerekqúg l¿lndOdÍyq nyq;rh wirKhd iQrdlk mrmqgqjka nj we;a;ls'


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md¿lrfha y`v

tu ks i d l¿lndOdÍka g u l¿lnd ms á ka ms l Ü fnda â t,a , df.k is á k ;ekg kS ; s m ;s W;= u d yd ;j;a wh yryd md,lhkaf.ka flfrk oyÿrd jev .ek zfyd| jefâZ hs lshkakg wmg neßh' ia;%S w;jrhka .ek fpdaokd t,a, jk úksiqreka mjd kS;shg msáka w;a wvx.=jg .akkd úg ydjla yQjla ke;sj isák .uka kS;s wdOdr fiajd wdrïNlrñka wêlrK weu;s;=uka,d ieug kS;sfha iudk /ljrK ;yqre lrkakg hdu ;u foaYmd,k uy;afydrelï m%ldY lsÍuls' Wia ; eka ±l yels f <k ñá;eka ±l mq m a m k fmd,S i s h fmd,siam;sj udre l< muKska ksjerÈ l< fkdyels fydr .=ydjla hkako ñksiqka mila lr.;a uyd we;a;ls' Èia ; % s l a wêlrKh" ufyia ; % d ;a wÈlrKh" wNs h dpkdêlrkKh" fY%aIaGdêlrKh wd§ wdh;k moaO;shla ;snqk;a kS;sh;a hqla;sh;a uy oj,a ì| oukafka ta ish,a,g by<ska foaYmd,k cvdêm;Hh ;sfnk ksidh' kS ; s h kS ; s h la j ka f ka nhs n ,hg wkq j kï" md,lhd;a fiajlhd;a W.;d;a kq.;d;a" Okj;d;a ÿmam;d;a tl iudk f,i Bg hg;a j ka f ka kï muKs ' tfia fkdjk rgl we;a f ;a wmrdOlrejkaf.a kS;shhs' zhqla;sh whqla;sh lrk úksiqrka iu. iñ÷kf.a inolula ke;' Tõyq whq;= kS;sfhka kmqrg uÕ mdo;s' jerÈlre ksjerÈhehs ;Skaÿ fok úksiqrg ck;dj Ydm lrkq we;'Z ^Y=oaOjQ nhsn,h& b;sx wmg we;af;a idm,;a wêlrKhla fkfõo@ Ydm,;a kS;sh" fmd,Sish" wêlrKh.ek uydpd¾h iqks,a wdßhr;akf.a fï mo wog;a j,x.=h' È<s÷ <÷kaf.a l=uß Èúh Wkaf.a kS;sh Wkaf.a f,dl= f,dl= Wka Wkaf.a fmd,Sish Wkaf.a l+vqj wfma Wkaf.a kS;sh Wkaf.a ysrn; wfma Wkaf.a 1998 Tlaf;daïn¾


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.sks mqmqre weú<ùu uy isl=rdÞ fjkqfjka w;HjYH igykla wfma ro.=re udysñ mQcl;=uka,d wm fjkqfjka ùÈ nei igka lr;s' æ wfyda æ wms fldhs;rï jdikdj;a;o@ Pkaoh l,aoud .ekSfuka wms ch .;af;auqZ hs ls;=kqfjda ^@& ;=gqmygq fj;sæ fldhs;rï uq,djlao@ wd;aól mrdchla ñi ch.%yKhla tys ke;' 1999 mdial=fõ§ B<Õ ishjila .sks;eìh yels wd.ïjdohlg bkaok iemhSula ñi wka hula bka isÿ l<do@ rg ;=< fn§u j¾Okh l<d ñi hym;la j¾Okhl<do@ ke;' lsisfia;au ke;' ÿrÈ. ±l fyda fkd±l" ±k fyda fkd±k fNaofha .sks mqmqre wjq¿jd,Sug Þhl ùu mrmqrla >d;khlrk" rgla w¿ ¥ú,s lrk wmrdOhls' wdfõ.YS,S fkdjkakehs mejiqj;a" wdfõ.YS,sSnjla ñi wka hula cks; jQjdo@ ke;' kdhlhkaf.a lSu yd lsÍu w;r we;s m%;súfrdO;djh fuhhs' fujeks lreKq ldrKdj,§ iq¿ isÿùulska mjd uyd fÄojdplhla werôh yel' wu; lr ±uqfka ta ìhlre i;Hhs' Okldóka" n,ldóka' hiialdóka rg ;=<fiñka fiñka ie¥ cd;sjd§ .skslkao hqoaOhla f,i mqmrd f.dia rgu urKhg weo oud we;' tjka jQ rgl fNaoh fmkajk ye.Sï okjk igka mdG flfrys fhduq ùu id;kag k;=ùuls' iEfyk l, isg O¾uhg msgqmd wd.ñl ixia:d rlsñka ;uka /flkak" jecfUkak j<slk wd.ól^@& kdhlhska" wd.ól whs;Ska" ÿla.ekú,s f,i tlsfkld tlsfkldf.ka wE;alrjk lreKq idlÉPd lrhs' m%;sud ;eîug we;s ;rÕh" tajdfha wo olsk m%;sM,h" fuf,i wd.ól ;rÕldß;ajhla ;sfnk rgg wd.ól l,flda,yd,hla we;sùfï wka;rdjla mj;sk nj fkdfmfkkafka uki wkaOjQjkag muKs' wd.ól kdhlfhda l< hq;af;a ;u úYajdislhska fj; mj;sk .eg¿ wd.ïjd§ f,i W¿mamd fkdolajd tajd iuyka lrk wdl,am f.k tauhs' tfy;a foaYmd,lhkaf.a m%;spdr ñi fmdÿ ckhdf.a yo.eiau .ek ;lafiarejlake;s kdhlfhda Èh;a l< úfrdaO;djh furg ck yoj;ayS wd.ól fNaoh wjq¿jd,Sug meyeÈ<sj fya;=ù ;sfí' Od¾ól mokula ke;s wjia:djd§" wdfõ.jd§ l%shdj,ska Bg jvd fjkia m%;sM, fkd,efí ±ka úúO w¾:l:k §fuka ;uka


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l< w¥ro¾YS l%shdfõ m%;sM,hg we;s j.lSfuka w; fidaod.; fkdyel' fldhs wdldrhl wd;a u d¾:ldó" wjia : djd§njla jq j o ;djld,sl ch.%yKhla f.k ÿkak;a" È.=ld,Skj f.k tkafka úkdYhla yd mrdchlauh' 1999 wm%sh,a

iriú foaYmd,klrKh iriú hkq wOHdmkfha f;da;ekakls' tfy;a ,xldfõ iriú foaYmd,k fl<sìï njg;a wmrdOfha ;sôß f.j,a njg;a m;alrñka;sfí' iriúh hkq Ydia;%{dkh .,d nisk .x.djkah' tfy;a ,xldfõ iriú ixjdofha ldka;drhka njg m;a fjñka ;sfí' fï ;;a;ajhg wfma iriú weo ±uqfõ iriúhg jl%j n,mE foaYmd,khhs' ±ka wdKavqlrjkakka iriúhg Rcqju foaYmd,k n,mEï we;s lrkakg iQÞkï fj;s' iriú ixfYda O k mk; yryd" iriú fCIa ; % f ha m% O dk ;k;=re jk Wm l=,m;s" f,aLldêldÍ yd uqQ,Hdêldß ;k;=re m;a lsÍfï n,h weu;sjrhd hg;g .ekSug;a" iriú md,l iNdjg uka;%Sjre fofofkl= m;a lsÍug;a ie<iqï lr ;sfí' fï ie<iqu wfma rfÜ iriú moaO;sh ;j;a ;j;a wjqf,ka wjq,g;a" úkdYfhka úkdYhg;a weo oukakls' iriú moaO;sh iajdëk yd ksoyia wdh;k moaO;shla úh hq;= hehs jk ms<s.ekSu wuq wuqfõ W,a,x>kh lrkakls' m%{djg ksoyfia jeãug bv ;sìh hq;=h hk ÈjHuh kshuhg msgqmdkakls' iriú moaO;sh rgl wkd.; .uka uÕg ud,sudjla úh hq;=h' rg;a tys wkd.;h;a ms<sn| j.lSula" iriú weÿre - isiq fomd¾Yjh i;= úh hq;=h' tfy;a b;d lK.dgqodhl f,i wo iriú ;=< ke;af;a o thhs' isiQyQo" wdpdrh uydpd¾hjreo ;u fm!oa.,sl wìu;d¾: u; msysgd l%shd lsÍu ksid;a"' mj;sk mgq foaYmd,kfha w;fld¿


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ùu ksid;a" uyck ms<sl=,g ,lajk wdh;k f.dkakg iriú we;=¿ ù we;' fï ;;aa;jh rfÜ wkd.;hg b;d krl f,i n,mdhs' jyd fï ;;a;ajh fjkia l< hq;=j we;' fï f.kk ixfYdaOk ta fjki i|yd fkdfõ' mj;skak;a ke;s lrkq msKsi h' ta nj ck;dj f;areï .; hq;=h' úkdYfha ixfYdaOk ms<sflõ l< hq;=h' tajd whska lr .kakd ;ekg ksisux Tiafia n,mEï l< hq;=h' 1999 cqks

;j;a cQ,shla meñK ;sfí' cQ,sfha w÷re" l÷¿" urK u;l fmdf;ys w¨;a msgqjla fmr<kakg weyels WKqiqï isÿùï fm<.efik fihla fmkk jd;djrKhl'' Tõ" ;j;a cQ,shla meñK ;sfí' cd;sl;ajh mdmhla fkdfõ' ta;a cd;sjdoh mdmhla fukau idmhlao fõ' cd;sl;ajh wlduld ±ñh fkdyels" wlduld ±ñh fkdhq;= f,alhg wjYH úúO;ajfha fldgils' ta;a cd;sjdoh cd;Ska wlduld ±ñh yels f,dalhg wkjYH ysxidldÍ;ajfha uqyqKqjrls' f,a .x.d ks¾udkh lrk ;%ia;jdoh fukau f,a .x.d ks¾udKhg bkaOk imhk ;%ia; úfrdaOhla fõ kï tho cd;sh" ck;dj úkdY ls Í fï jHdmdrhla ùu je<ela ú h fkeyls h ' úYajdka;rjd§ cd;sl Ñka;khla rgg wjYHh' flá l,lska jeä n,hla m;kakg hEu ;=<ska wdf,dalhla úh yels Ñka;k oyrdjla ms<sflõ lrkakla olajd my; fy,d.kakg" th w÷re tlla njg m;a lrkakg bv yeÍu ck;djf.a wjdikdjls' fu rg ;=,ska isxy, fn!oaO ,l=K wfydais lrkakg lsisfjl=g bv fkd;eìh hq;=h' fï rfgys ft;sydisl ks¾udKKfhys m%Odk idOlh thhs' th we;a;ls' kuq;a tu we;a; u.ska fï rg ;=< wksl=;a cd;sl wd.ñl msßiaj, ,l=K o ;sfnk nj h:d¾:hla ùu wfydais jkafka ke;' ;j;a l¿ cQ,shlska rgg ysñjk fohla ke;' tfy;a wysñjkakg fndfyda foa we;' ljr cd;sl;ajhg jqj;a .re lruq' ljr cd;sjdoh;a jqj ms<sflõ lruq'


64

md¿lrfha y`v

cd;sjdofhka m%:ufhka wysñjkafka iïud ÈÜÀhhs' bkamiq iïud i;sh ì| jefghs' Bg;a miq Ôú; wysñ fjhs' wjidkfha§ rfÜ wkd.;h úkdY fjhs' n, f,daNfha wdhqOhla jk cd;sjdoh fld;rï reÿreo@ fld;rï ìysiqKq o@ thska Èkkafka kmqre ñi hym; fkdfõ' cd;sjdofha u. jeà we;af;a fnÈ fjkaùu foig ñi tlaù Ôj;aùu fj;g fkdjk nj cQ,sh wmg u;la lr fohs' wms cQ,sfhka bf.k .uq' 1999 cQ,s

NSIKh fm!oa.,SlrKh lsßu' fkdjeïn¾ u<jqka .ek ls;=kqfjda l:d lr;s' urKh iq,N jQfha 1988-89 ldf,fhah' tl, mdrjj,aj, È. uekqfka u<ñkS ixLHdfjks' —±ka NSIKhla ke;' urKfha fijke,a, m,df.dia we;' ñksiqkag ksoyfia yqiau .; yel''˜ fï f,i m%ldY fj;s' ck;djo —Tõ tal kï we;a;˜ hehs mji;s't h ñ:Hdjls' th i;Hh fkdfõ hehs u<jqkaf.a udifha§ Ôj;=kaf.a foúhka m%ldY lrhs' rch yd foa Y fm% a ó ck;d jHdmdrh úis k a Èh;a l< ixúOdkd;aul NSIKh ±ka ke;s nj fmfkkakg ;snqK;a" urKh NSIkh yeu ;eku iq,Njh' n,kak'' ixúOdkd;aul njla .;a NSIKh fjkqjg mqoa.,sl ;;a;ajhg m;aj NSIKh l%shd;aul jk yeáæ fld<U md;d,fha muKla fkdj' .ï okõ isidrd NSIKh" urKh" wmrdOh l%shd;aul fõ' kuq;a iudchg th 88-89 fia ±fkkafka ke;' mqoa.,hkaf.a fyda mqoa., lKavdhïj, kreulula fia idyisllu fmfka' kuq;a fuho ieneúkau NSIkh rcùuls' >d;kh rc ùuls' Wvq ÿjk iudc wd¾Ól w¾nqoh tla w;lskao" wksla w;ska rEmjdysksho idyisl;ajhg ck;dj weo ouñka ;sfí' idyisl;ajh wfkldg fhduq jk úg t;ek ñkSueÍï f,a je.srùï h'' ;uka fj; fhduq jk úg t;ek ish Èú kid.ekSïh' fm!oa.,SllrKh jQ idyisl;ajh" NSIKh" urKh mjikafkao ieneúkau wms ;ju;a NSIKfhau urKfhau miqjk njhs''


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65

tod NSIKhg tfrysj úfrdaOhla ;snqK;a wo fm!oa.,SlrKh jQ NSIkhg úreoaOj úfrdaOhla ke;' úfrdaOh mqoa.,hd fj; fhduq ùu NSIKfha mS;Djreka ,nk ch.%yKhls' foú¥kaf.a weiska n,kak'' fï NSIkhg tfrys jkak'''æ fï o NSIKhu nj f;areï.kak'''' 1999 fkdjeïn¾

w¿;a ñksfila fooyi t<U ;sfíæ wyi lvd jevqfKa ke;' wuq;a= hula isÿjqfhao ke;' fooyi ms<sn| j¾Ihla mqrd l< lS foa .ek ±ka is;d ne,sh yelsh'''@ fooyiææ fooyiææ iyi%lhæ iyi%lhææ ñf,aksï fïkshdj fyj;a iyi%l Wkaudofhka Tng" rgg ,enqfKa fudkjdo@ Tn w¿; ñkfila Wkdo@ rg w¿;a rgla Wkdo@ fj<÷kag úl=Kqï m%j¾Ok ud¾.hla æ udOHhg ysia;eka mqrjk ud;Dldjla æ ta yer mqoa.,hkaa f,i wm .;a w¿;a wêIaGdkhka ljf¾o@ rgla f,i wm w;alr.;a ch.%yK" jevms<sfj,j,a" cd;sl m%uqL;d ljf¾o@ ,nkakg ;sfnk fooyi fukau ,enqjd jQ fooyi úl=Kqï m%j¾Ok ud¾.hla njg fj<ÿka m;alr.kq ksielh' Tn th l=ula njg m;alr .kakjdo@ is;kak'' is;d ;srKhla .kak' Tfí ;SrKh Tngj w¿;a ñksfila lrkq we;'


66

md¿lrfha y`v

wmg w¿;a rgla we;s lrkq we;' ld,h .; ùu hkq Ôú;h .;ùu ñi wka hïl fkdfõ' ld,h wmf;a yeÍu Ôú;h wmf;a yeÍuls' ld,hg wre;la fouqæ 2000 ckjdß

cd;sfha ñkSj< lekSu tmamdj, fmiafmaÜ ksÈh nqy cd;sl iud.ï fj; úlsKSug tfrys úfrdaOh merKs tlls' tfy;a'' rg úlskSug ±ä ie,ls,a, olajk foaymd,lhskaf.a wNsm%dh Èfkka Èk w¿;a jkakls' weußldkq uelafuda¾ka iud.u" whs'tï'iS' .af,dan,a f,io" idrN+ ñ iud.u f,io úúO i¿ms , s w¢ka f ka ta ie,ls , a f ,a uydkqNdjfhks' n,h ,nd .;a foaYmd¨ mlaI folu úreoaO mlaIfha isáhÈ tmamdj, fmdiafmaÜ ksêh úlsKSug úreoaO jk w;r n,fha isák úg úlsKSug Èjd ? fjfyfihs' ta Tjqkaf.a nvf.dia;r jdoh yd foaYfødays Ndjfha iene jh' tfy;a fmdÿ ck;djf.ao f.dú ck;djf.ao yenE cd;s ysff;ISkaf.ao úfrdaOh tod isg wo olajd fkdlvjd weúf,hs' ta fmdia f ma Ü ks ê h ljr kuls k a fyda fmkS is á k nyq cd;s l nQj,af,l=g mdjd §u cd;sfha ñkSj, .eUqrg lekSuls' fï úlsKSug tfrys jk iuyrekaf.a úfrdaO;djh ;u meje;au i|yd wjYH jHdmD;shla muKs' tfy;a úfrdO;djhg tlajkakaf.a úIu;d ksid úfrdaOhg tla fkdùu fyda th yl=,d .ekSu l=yl luls' úfrdaO;djhg tla jkakka ms<sn| l=uk .eg¿ ;snqko foaj Woyig y`v .ik fï idmrdOhg wfmaúfrdaOh m<lruq' id.skak bÈßfha ±fjk hq.hl lDIsld¾ñl iY%sl;ajfha kj YsiaGdpdrhla f.dvke.suig yelshdj iys; cd;sfha mskg my< jQ fmdfydr ks O dkh" cd;s f ha mjg m;a lr.;a foa Y md,k fp!rhkaf.a wuklu u; úlsKSfuka YsIaGdpdrhl u<.u fyg ,shfjkq we;' 2000 uehs


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67

mßir kdYl hqoaOh miq.sh jir ;=kaoy ;=< mD;súh u; hqoaOh 14 00 la muK we;s ù we;ehs .Kka n,d ;sfí' bka j¾:udk f,dal ck.ykfhka wvlg wdika m%udKhlg iudk ck;djla ñh f.dia we;s njo ie,fla' neÆ ne,aug udkj b;sydih hqoaOfha b;sydih f,i fmkS hkafka keoao@ 21 ishjig wm msúi isákafka w;sYh ìysiqKq mdßißl w¾nqOhlao lrmskakdf.kh' fï mdßißl w¾nqOhkag wod, fya;= ldrl fndfydauhla .ek f,dalh l;d l<o hqoaOh mßir úkdYhg n,mdk wdldrh f,dal uÜgñkao wjOdkfhka .s,syS we;' hqoaOh wo wxl tfla mßir kdYl idOlhla f,i f,dalh mqrd l%shd;aul fõ' wm rgo we;=¨j f,dalfha wiaila uq,a,la kEr f,dal= fmdä hqoaO weú,s we;' fï iEu tllÈu mdfya wyi" fmd<j" uqyqo ¥IKhg m;afõ' hqoaOhg uqjdù f,dj mqrd j<,d we;s ìï fndaïn tla ksoiqkla muKs' hqoaOfha fodaxldrh .y fld," i;d isõmdjd flfrys n,mdk whqre ;lafiare lrkafkla ke;' fmr,d ta ish,a, ñksidgu úkdYh le|jhs' hqoaOh kej;Suu mßirh /lSug .kakd fhdaO mshjrla fõ'' hqoaOfha kdufhka yef,k f,a l| mQckSh uy fmd<j ¥IH lsÍuls'' mßir ix;=,kh i|yd iduh wjYHj we;s nj c.;a mßir Èkfha§ wms igyka lruq' mßirhg wdorh lrk ish,af,da hqoaOh ms<sflõ l< hq;=j we;' hqoaOh hkq mßir fødayS jHdmD;shls' 2000 cqks

hqO .skak iy l=i.skak WKav i|ydu remsh,a jehlsÍu jeä fjoa§ lkak ke;=j ñksiqka uefrk tlo jeä ùu wreula fkdj' idmrdê mdmhls'


68

md¿lrfha y`v

wm Ôj;a jkafka tjka idmrdë rglh' ðjk úhou wyi Wig k.soaÈ ojiska oji ÿmam;=kaf.a msgfmd;a; nvg wef,a' uE;l§ fmr mdi,a isiqfjl=f.a urK mÍlaIkhl§ fy,s jQfha wdudYfha wdydr lsisjla fkdue;sj Tyq ydu;ska ñh f.dia isá njhs' ol=fKa§o l=i.skak ord .; fkdyelsj uõ jreka orejka iu. ish Èú kid .kakjdkï hqoaOfha lgql mSvdfõ llEfrk m%foaYj, ;;ajh l=ula±hs ,súh hq;=o@ hqoaOfha lemlsÍï jeh lsÍï .ek foaYmd,lhskaf.a y`vg m%ldY lrk wd.ñl kdhlfhda ta hoaOfhao m, úmdlhka j, ck;d l=i.skak .ek f.d¿j; rlskafka n;a m; .ek m%Yakhla ;ukag ke;s ksidh' rg ;=< remshf,a w.h nd,aÿ fjoa§ ÿmam;df.a Ôú;h laIh ù hhs ÿmam;dg tÈfkod ¨Kq le|j;a ;yjqre lrkakg lsisfjla ke;' foúhkag wkqj tÈfkod fNdackhj;a ysñ úh hq;af;a Ôú;h ;=< fidfrl=" ysÕkafkl=" uxfld,a,lrefjl= fkdjkak th w;HjYH ksidh' tfy;a isÕd lEu" fld,a, lEu" .id lEu" udÈ,sh jQ wd¾Ól foaYmd,k l%uhl fidreka' uxfld,a,lrejka n,j;=ka jQ rgl§ tÈfkod fNdackho hÿaOhg uqjdù wysñlr ;sîu foúhkaf.a kshuh wuq wuqfõ lvvd ±óuls' l=i.skafka fõokdfjka lelEfrk f;rfmk Èhjk ñhhk Ôú; .ek hqoaOhg wdjevQ ish,a,kag .Kka §ug isÿ jkq we;' ÿkak yd fy,a,h ì| le;s yd k.=,a idok Èkla tk;=re l=i.skak hqO .skafka m%;súmdlhfia ;j ;j;a weú,S hkq we;' th foú÷kag msgq mEuls' 2000 cQ,s

ì÷Kq jej Bfha" wo yd fyg 1983 cQ,sfha ke.=Kq ÿudrh fï ìfï brKu jvd;a ld,lkaks iy.; tlla njg m;a lf<ah' wo wms uqyqK fok È.a.eiqKq iajhx >d;k hqoaOhg l¿ cQ,sh W;afm%arlhla úh'' w¿ hg ieÕjqKq .sks mqmqr Wvg msÿre ±uqfjda wo ke;;a wo mrmqr Tjqkfa. .sks cd,fha kdufhka >d;kh" NSIKh je<| .;af;da njg m;a ù we;'


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tla cd;sjdohlg tfrysj hehs lshñka ;j;a cd;sjdohg .sks msôk úg cd;sjdofhka weúf,k .skafkka rgu ±ù y¿ ù hdu ñi wka hula fkdjk nj iqúYd, Ôú; foam, ydkshlska jqj;a fï rg wjfndaO lrf.k ke;=jd fiah' Pkaoh i|yd hqoaOfha irK m;ñka cd;sjdofha igka mdG ;= < .s ¨ kq rch we;= ¨ ol= f Ka foa Y md,k mla I ì÷Kq jej mqkre;a:dmk l|jqf¾ iuQy >d;kfha j.lSu wvq jeä jYfhka ndr.; hq;=h' t,a'à'à'B' j¾.fha fyda Bg;a jvd oreKq ñf,aÉP iajNdjfhka rchg ndr jQ wjq' 18-30 ;rï jhfia ;reKhka lmd fldgd urd mq¿iaid ±óu yd ;=jd, isÿ lsßu yqfola /foúhka yd md,lhka w;r u;fíohl wyUq m%;sM,hla fkdj miq.sh ld,h mqrd rg ;=< jemsrE cd;sjdÈ keUqrefõ ksh; ixúOdk.; m%;sM,hla nj meyeÈ,sj fmkS hhs' ish¿ cd;skag wh;a ck fldgia j,g isÿj we;s widOdrKhka wjulrkq i|yd ish¨ wdldr cd;sjdoh;a wd.ï jdohka mrdch lsÍu uQ,sl fldkafoaishla nj g m;a ù we;' jvd;a idOdrK wd¾Ól foaYmd,k rgdjla i|yd hk .ukla yd ne÷kq w;HjYH ldrKhla ù we;' isõuy wd.ï we|yk rgl yDo idlaIsh m%Yak lrk cd;Hka;r ;,fha oreKq wm%idoh rg fj; fhduqjQ fuu isÿùu Nhdkl m%;sM, rgg Wreu lrkjdg iel ke;' ì÷kq jej isÿùu iuÕ j;=rlfha we;sjQ isÿùï u.ska fï ;;ajfha fyg ojfia m%;sM, ms<sn| meyeÈ,s bÕs iemhQ nj wu;l fkdl< hq;=h' ñf,aÉP;ajfha iy idysil;ajfha úYu pl%h fkdkej;S bÈßhg hk nj fÄokSh f,i ix{d lrk fuu isÿùu foi nrm;,j i,ld n,d l%shdlsÍu furg idu ,eÈ udkj ys;jd§ ieuf.a wo ojfia l%shdjla fõ' l=uk w;lska wKlska isÿjQjo fujeks ïf,aÉP >d;k fy,d olsk wms Ôú;fha foú÷kaf.a kdufhka fï u<jqkaf. udifha§ fï urKfha ms<s,hg tfrysj Ôú;h fjkqfjka lemù l%shd lsÍug iene foú÷ka iuÕ tl;= fjuq' 2000 fkdjeïn¾


70

md¿lrfha y`v

ckl<ukdlrKh fyj;a Ôú;h wysñ lsßu' c,h hkq yqfola yhsv%cka wkq fola yd Tlaiscka wkqjla fkdfõ' c,h hkq wkd¾:l fyda wd¾Ól NdKavhlafkdfõ' c,h hkq ;j;a tla iïm;la muKla fkdafõ' c,h hkq Ôú;hhs' Tõ c,h hkq Ôú;hhs' Y=oaOjQ nhsn,fha tk f,dalh ueùfï l;dfõ ñksidg fmr jeiai ^c,h& ujkq ,enq nj olajkafka ish¿ Ôùkaf.a Ôú;h ta u;=msg /§ we;s nj fmkakqï lsÍugh' nqÿrcdKkajykafia ixhqla; ksldfha mjid we;af;ao ——fmd<j u;=msg hï m%dKsfhla fj;akï tu i;ajhd jeiai ^c,h& weiqre fldg Ôj;a fjhs' jeiai yd c,h Ôúkaf.a m%Odk;u jia;=jhs˜ hkqfjks' ñks i d we;= ¿ Ôúka f .a Ôjfha uq , Od;= j jk c,h — l<ukdlrKh˜ keue;s wdl¾YkSh jpkhlg uqjdfldg fï hq.fha ñksia j¾.hdf.;a uq¿ uy;a Ôúkaf.a;a m%Odk i;=rd jk nyq cd;sl iud.ï fj; mjrd§fï wm b;sydifha w;sYh idmrdê mdm l¾uhg f,dal nexl=j;a" Tjqkaf.a odi foaYSh md,lhkq;a w; .id ;sfí' fuys w;S; l;dj 1982 ;rï wE;g Èj hkakls' tod n,fha isá tcdmh jdß c,h ,nd .;a;d f.dùkagkv;a;= yd fufyhqï .dia;=jla f,i c, noaola kshu lrk ,§' th fkdf.ùu ksid we;eï f.dùkag kvq mejÍuo isÿlrk ,§'kuq;a tod úfrdaO;d ueo wid¾:l jQ fuu c,l,uKdlrk wmrdOh wo fmdÿ fmruqKq rch hgf;a Bg;a jvd úkdYldÍ yd ixúOdkd;aul f,i fmrgú;a we;' wfma rÜ c,h l,ukdlrKh lf<a óg jir 2000 lg;a fmr isgh' wo isÿù we;s m%Yk a /ilg uq, meje;s c, l,ukdlrKh yd neÿKq wd¾Ól foaYmd,ksl yd wOHd;añl rgdj ì| jÜgjd iQrd lEfï" urd lEfï l%uh we;s lsÍuh' lrkakg hkafka l,ska ;snQ Ôú; /elSfï l,ukdlrKhla fkdfõ' Ôú; ke;s lsÍfï l,ukdlrKhls' wm úreoaO úh hq;af;a fuh ck;djf.a Ôj;aùfï wh;ssh wuq wuqfõ .idlk foaj úfrdaë wd{dodhl l%shdjlaksidh'


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c,h we;=¨ iïm;a whs;s foúhkag ñi md,lhkag fkdfõ' ñksid tys Ndrlre muKla nj nhsn,Sh oyu lshhs' Bg msgqmd ksoyia c, whs;sh N=la;shg ,shd .ekSug orK fï m%h;akhg úreoaOùu wo hq.fha ls;=Kq luhs' c,h úlsKSu rg;a ck;dj;a úlsKSuls'' foúhkag wh;a foa úlskSug tfrys wr.,hg odhl ùu wms fm<.efiuq' 2001 ckjdß

ksoyia wmrdO l¾udka;hla wfyda '' mkia ;=kafjks ksoyi ieureu t<fUk úg ioyï Èjhsk wmrdOfha fl<sìu njg m;aj ;snfk yeá''æ ienúkau ùjD; wd¾Ólfha;a hqoaOfha;a mdov foaYmd,kfha;a wdYs¾jdoh u; Y%s ,xldj wmrdO —l¾udka;hla˜ f,i ixj¾Okh lr ;sîu Èkm;d weia mkdmsg fmfkkakg;sfí''' rfÜ .eUqre wd¾Ól úIu;djh fya;= fldgf.k mek k.sk iajhx /lshdjla f,i fkdj wmrdO iud.ï hgf;a chg flÍf.k hk l¾udk;ahla njg th m;aù ;sfí' tfy;a o`vqõu ,nkafka wmrdO iud.ï lrefjda fkdfõ''' Bg fya;= ù we;af;a wmrdO u¾Okhg wod< hka;%Kh ^fmd,sish" kS;sh l%shd;aul lsÍfï l%shdj,sh'& wmrdO u¾Okhg ;=vq fokakla njg m;aù ;sîuh' foaYmd,k hka;%Kh wmrdO lrejka u; hefmk tlla ù ;sîuh' b;sx mkia ;=kafjks ksoyia Èkfha§ wfma kdhlhkag wdvïnr úhyels ldrKhla ù ;sfnkafka —ksoyia wmrdO l¾udk;ahla˜ yod jvd fmdaIKh lsÍu .ekh' udOHhkago tys lS¾;shg ysñlïlsj yelsh' ukao wmrdO jd¾;dlrKh ;u m%Odk j.lSula f,i i,ld tu.ska wmrdO kej;" kej;;a ck uki ;=,g tkak;a lsÍug odhl ùu ksidfjks' wmrdO jHdma;sh .ek lïmd fjñka wmrdO wl=re yd jpk njg m;a lrk udOHhkao" wmrdO jeäùu .ek lsUq,a l÷¿ fy,ñka wmrdO l¾udka;h fmdIKh lrk hqoaOhg yd foaYmd,k ;ka;%hg wd jvk wd.ól kdhlfhda o wmrdOlrejkag;a jvd wmrdOlrefjdah' ta Tjqkaf.a foìä ms<sfj;a ksidh' m<uqj hqoaO


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l¾udk;ah j¾Okh l<úg ta msgqmiq myiqfjka wmrdO l¾udka;h j¾Okh fõ' fidrlu yd iQrdlEu udÈ,sh jQ ÿmam;=kaj jvd;a ÿmam;a lrk fmdai;=ka jvda; fmdai;a lrk újD; wd¾Ólhla ;sfnk ;=re wmrdO l¾udk;aho iïndOl j,ska f;drj bÈßhg hkq we;' wmrdO úu¾Yk tall jid ±fukafka" jeä jeäfhka wdhqO f.kajkakfka" m%pKav;ajh j.d lrkafka fï l¾udka;hg há;, myiqlï f,igh' b;s x rg lrjka k ka wmrdOldrhka f .a ; a wmrdOldrfhda fp!rfhda fkdfj;ao@ wmrdO wkqu; fkdlrk ienE wd.ñlfhda fï wmrdOldß wd¾Ólhg foaYmd,khg" hqoaOhg yd thg wdrlaIdj i,ik kS;suh rduqjg úreoaOj wdÈ f,i fmruqKq .kkdjl igkla Èh;a l< hq ; = h ' tfia fkdjk ;dla l ,a w mrdO .ekl:d ls ß uo wmrdO l¾udk;ahg Wmldrhls' 2001 fmnrjdß

¥IKh' jxpdfõ we;=<; ¥IKhg" jxpdjg jev n¢ñkaÿIs;hkag" jxpkslhskag ovqjï §u i|yd fjfyiqkq iyldr f¾.= wêldß jrfhl= >d;kh lsÍu;a ;j;a f¾.= ks,Odßfhla Ôú; wdrlaIdj i|yd rákamsgj hdu;a iuÕ jxpd ÿIK iu. w;aje,a ne|.;a md;d, yd foaYmd,k in|;d ms<sn| m%Yakh h<s;a u;=úh' ¥IKh tfrysj igkg msúis wjxl ks<OdÍka >d;khg" ;¾ckhg ,lajkafka rfÜckdêm;skshu rdcH wxYfha byjy .sh ¥IKhla mj;sk nj mjfik jgmsgdjlh' ¥IKhg tfrys rc f.oßka kef.k y`v ys i a jpk njg fmfrf,ka f ka rg lrjkakkaf.ka .c ñ;=rkau ÿIKhgtfrys jkakka >d;kh lsßu ms,sn|j ielh fhduqjk úgh' wfma jeks rgj, jHdmdr lafIa;%j, m%n,hka fia jecôh yelafla foaYmd,k wkq.%yh hgf;a nj Tmamqlr fmkaúh hq;= lrekla fkdfõ' tfiau foaYmdlfhdao ¥Is;hka njo uyckhd fyd|dldrju okS'


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foa Y md,lhka g " Tjq k a f .a oreõkg jHdmdßlhka f .a wkq.%yhka,efnk ;=re" md;d,hg foaYmd,k wdrlaIdj ,efnk ;=re foaYmd,lhka l+g jHdmdßlhka yd md;d,h hk ;=ka lÜgqfõ wkqyiska ÿIKh udÈ,sh ùu je,elSu wmyiqh' tmuKla o fkdfõ' fujeks mdm;r jHdmdßlhka g yd foaYmd,lhskag pß; iy;sl ksl=;a lrk wd.ól kdhlhka isàu ksid fuh jvd wmyiq ù ;sfí' kuq;a tfia lSfuka ÿIKh" w,a,i" jxpdj idOdrkSlrKh l< hq;= ke;' —jxpdfjka ish ksji ;kd.;a Tng jk úm;l uy;˜ hkqfjka jxpdjg tfrysj nhsn,h ;=<ska kef.k Èjeisjr y`v wo oji ;=,;a ke.sh hq;= fkdfõo@ 2001 wm%sh,a

Y%uh ia;%S ,l=K f,dal ck.ykfhka ia;%Syq foflka tlal ^1$2& jqj;a Tjqyq f,dal Y%u fhoùfuka ;=fkka follgu ^2$3& j.lshkq ,n;a' tfy;a Tjqka ,nk wdodhuf,dal wdodhfuka 1$10 ls' wm rfÜo úfoa Y úks u h W,a m ; ldka ; d Y% u hhs ' úfoa Y /lshd weÕ¨ï lïy,a" f;a l¾udka;h wfma m%Odk Ok Wmhk ud¾. jk w;r tajdfha Y%ñlhka w;s uy;a nyq;rh ldka;djkah' kuq;a lïlrejks tlajõ'' hk y`v ;=, ia;%S;ajh ksremkh fkdfõ' lïlre ifydaorhkag ñi lïlre ifydaoßhkag weuf;k fidndjhla rg ;=,o f,dj ;=,o ke;' NdId jHjydrfha mgkau ´ f;dfuda w;miqlr oud" fkdi,ld yer we;' tlujevh lrk" tlu iqÿiqlu ;sfnk ia;%shf.a Y%uhg lrk f.ùu ms ß ñ Y% u hgf.jk f.ùug jvd wvq uÜgul mj;skafka fï ksidh' ldka;d Y%uhg we;s b,a¨u jeäù ;sfnkafkao fï widOdrK ie,lSu iudch ;=< idOdrKSlrKh jQ wdl,amhla mj;sk f,dal h:d¾:h ;=<h' fmdÿ fiajd j, M, N=la;s ú¢k ish,af,da ldka;d Y%ufha ksis ñ, f.ùu ms<sn| lemù l%shd l< hq;=h' lf;da , s l indj ;= , o fï iudc widOdrKh .eUq ß ka l%shd;aulfõ' lkHd fidhqßhkaf.a fukau .sys ia;%Skago ta ;=,


74

md¿lrfha y`v

,efnkqfha w,am ie,lSuls' kuq;a iNdfõ nr Wiq,kqfha Tjqkah' fujr uehs wjOdkhfï iudc widOdrKh fj; fhduqlruq' hula lrkakg mgka .ksuq' 2001 uehs

foaYmd,k n,hg hgùu jxpd ¥IK byjy .sh foaYmd,k n, wêldrhg hgùu u.ska b;du ÿmam;df.a isg fldñialdr Okm;shd;a kïnqldr n,j;d;a " f,da . = O dÍ" ÖjrOdß wd.ñl kdhlhd;a fuu ÿIa G m%;sm;a;s mej;Sug Wmldr ù ;sfnk nj wm rfÜ;a wm jeks ;j fndfyda rgj,;a w;a±lSu ù ;sfí' fï wuklu wm w;ayßkafka ljodo@ fï fp!rhkag wm tfrys jkafka ljodo@ wm ms,s;=re imhd .; hq;= uQ,sl m%Yak folla jkafka thhs' kj foaYmd,k ixialD;shla" Tõ urKh fjkqjg Ôú;h lekaok ixialD;shla f.dvke.sh yelafla túgh' miq.sh ld,h mqrdjg isÿjQ >d;k" jxpd ¥IK ish,a, hg .id fndrejg" whq l a ; s h g" widOdrKhg Tgq k q me,ojQ f ha md,lhkaf.;a Tjqkaf.a yduqmq;=ka jk Okj;=kaf.a;a ÿIAG m%;sm;a;s l%shdjg kexùug wmj fhdod.ekSug wm úikau bvlv imhd § ;sîu ksihs''' fïjd bÈßfha y`v k.kq fjkqjg ksyvùu hkq tajd iyfhda.h m,lsÍula yd tajd l%shd;aul lsÍfï WmlrK njg m;aùuhs' rgla f,i wo wm w;aúÈkafka fï ksy`v ùfï mdmfha m%;sM, nj wms ±kaj;a f;areï .; hq;=h' ue.afihsfia iïudk,dNSfhl= jfrl lSjd fia" —wms weu;sjre mQcdik j, ;enqfjuq' foaYmd,k wxY foaj;ajhg m;a flf<uq' ta ksidu foaYmd,lhkaf.a ÿIaG ms<sfj;a ksu fkdfjñka mj;S' yeu rglu wmsÿ yjq,alrejka ù isáuq'˜ Y%S ,dxlSl ck;djla f,i;a" úfYaIfhka foaYmd,lhkaf.a l=Kq fydaok fj,a,djka njg m,a,s mkai,a m;afldg ;sfnk wd.ól kdhlhkq;a fï h:d¾:hg wjÈ ù l%shdlsÍug blauka mshjr .; hq;=h' ke;skï rg úkdY ùu ;j ;õ; blauka jkq we;' 2001 cqks


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jHjia:d mdmm%ia:dj fï Y%S ,xld m%cd;ka;%jdÈ iudcjdÈ ckrchhs'' fï ck rcfha iudcjdoh .eklsisÿ kdhlfhla fyda Bkshd nqoaêuf;la l:d fkdlrhs'' tfy;a m%cd;ka;%jdoh .ek kyq;hla l:d ny ;sfí'' fï ckrcfha W;a;Í;r n,h we;af;a uyckhdgh''' ±ka kej;;a ta uyckhdg m%cd;ka;%jdoh fjkqfjka .y urd .ekSug .y urdf.k n, f,daNSka rc lrjd ;ukaf.a f., isr lr .ekSug wjia:djla Wod ù we;' jHjia:dodhlhg ksfhda. mkjkakg wêlrKhg fkdyels nj l;d kdhl mjik úg wmQre m%cd;ka;%jdoh fjkqfjka ke.S wd w;afmd<ika' úOdhlh jHjia:dodhlh fkdle|jd cku;h úuikakg ^@& hoaÈ fldfya ieÕù hdo@ uka;%Sjrekaf.a u;hg jvd cku;h .ek is;k ;rug wms fld;rï m%cd;ka;%jdÈo@ fï fm%davld;ka;%jdoh n,h" n,h yd n,h i|yd ñi ck;d iqnfi; msKsi fkdjk nj isys t,jd .kakg mud jk ;rug urKh yUd tkq we;'' m%cd;ka;%jdoh .ek y`vdjefgk hQ weka mSh 1982 cku; úpdrKh mdm m%ia:djla lr rgu úkdYhg le|jQfõ flfiao@ fuho tysu ;j;a kmqre uqyqKqjrla muKs'' jHjia:d ixfYdaOkh wjYHh' w;HjYHh" ckjd¾.sl m%Yakh we;=¿ m%Yak j,g úi÷ï läkï l, hq;=h' tfya; fï tkafka ta i|yd úi÷ï fkdfõ'' jHjia:dfõ msysfgka rg jkid ;uka fkdkeis isàfï kSp kskaÈ; ;=mamys foaYmd,khhs'' fï jHjia:d mdm m%ia:djg iqÿyqkq .dk ieu id;kaf.a orefjda fj;s' fï úi÷u ;u n,h ms<sn| w¾nqohg ñi rfÜ w¾nqohg fkdfõ' rfÜ w¾nqoh úi|k úi÷ï uÕlg n, lruq''' 2002 cQ,s

idufha jrojd yeisÍu idu l:dny h,s;a we;sù ;sfí' Y%S ,xldfõ iduh hkq foaYmd,k ldufha jrojd yeisÍu úiska Tij Tijd f,a úf,ys Tnkakls'


76

md¿lrfha y`v

fujr idu l:do f,a jels wjidkhla fj; hd fkdyels hhs ls u g fya ; = ldrKd ;ju;a fidhd .ekS u g fkdyels h ' th fÄojdplhls' Y%S ,xldfõ iduh fjkqjg hqoaOh h:d¾:hla njg m;a lsÍfï jeä j.lSula tcdmhgo ;sfí' fmdÿ fmruqK ;=, fukau tcdmh ;=<o iduhg ñ, f.jkakg leu;s wh ±lsh fkdyelsh' tfia jqjo jkakshg W;=rg wdydr T!IO fldkafoais úrys;j heùug mshrj .ekSu fuf;la l,a rch lvl, udkj whs;shla ,nd§ula nj wms is;uq' th hq;=lula" j.lSula bg qlsÍula ñi jeä jevla fkdjk njo wms mjiuq' ;j; l<hq;= foa fndfydauhla we;' m%Yakh wdydr" T!IO heùu fyda mdrj,a újD; lsßu fkdfõ' ol=fka yd W;=f¾ n,fõ. ienE úi÷ulg f.k tkafka flfiao hkakhs' ta i|yd jk ienE fhduqùula fï fudfydf;ao m%ldY fkdfõ' ta i|yd jk yelshdjlao fõÈldj u; ys¢k uy;a;re ;=,ska m%ldY fkdfõ' f.da,Sh Okjdofha uy;afydrekaf.a wdYs¾jdoh iys; idu l%shdj,sh nrm;, iel we;s lrk" idufha kdufhka ck;dj urKhg le|jkakla ùu jvd meyeÈ,sh' tfia kuq;a idu idlÉPd fyda idu l%shdj,shg tfrysj kef.k y`v W;=f¾ ck;djf.a uQ,sl whs;Skaj;a ,nd§ug tffrysj hk y`vla f,i fyda ;u foaYmd,k n, jHdmD;shg ,l=Kq oud.kakd m%pdrK jHdmD;shla ùu hkq udkj fødayS l=yl j;ls' wjYHhj we;a f ;a jvd;a idOkS h ueÈy;a ù ïh' ta i|yd foaYmd,k n, jHdmD;sh ;=, fukau msg;È úYd, ld¾hh nd¾hhla udkj jd§kag ;sfí' jvd jeo.;a jkafka Tjqkaf.a ld¾h ndrhhs' wms iduh Èk ishhl fyda foiShl jevla njg isysk olskafkda fkdfjuq' th foaYmd,k wd¾Ól iudc fjkialula fõ' ta nj idu isyskhl kej; ksødYS,s ùug fhduqjk Y%S ,dxlSh ckhdg u;la lr fouq' 2002 ckjdß

fp!rhka úY=oaêlrKh uqo,a úY=oaê lrKh hkq l¨ uqo,a wdh;k ;=,g woaojd .ekSug fhdok Okj;=kaf.a wd¾Ól úohdfõ mdßNdIs; jpkhls' fp!rhka úY=oaêlrK fyj;a fydreka msxj;=ka lsÍu wd.ñl kdhlhkaf.a Bkshd wd.fï m%Odk l¾;Hjhls'


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jxpdj yd ¥IKh ks;Hdkql+, lr ;sîu m%cd;ka;%jdofha úfYaIdx.hla lSfjd;a th fndrejla fkdfõ' ;ekam;= iy;sl rcfha wkque;sh u;u nexl= ksl=;a lrkafka l¿ i,a,s woaojd .kakgh''' th m%cd;ka;%jd§ ixj¾Okh lrd hk rgl ms<s.;a ks;Hdkql+, wd¾Ól m%;sm;a;shls' fuhska .uH jkafka ¥IKh yd jxpdj mej;sh hq;= nj fkdjkafka flfiao@ ;ekam;= iy;sl wxlsl .skqï jeks oE ¥IKfha wd¾Ólhg iqcd;Ndjhla ,nd fok WmlrK fj;s' b;sx''' cd;sh /l .ekSfï kdufhka u,ñkS yd welgq j,ska Wlyd .;a ñ,shk .ek;a nexl=j, ;ekam;a fõ' ixj¾Okfha kdufhka ish¿ foaymd,lfhda iqúia nexl= .sKqï wem,a j;= ñÈ j;= iys; Okj;=ka fj;s' jHjia:d iïmdol uKav,h Tjqkaf.ka ie¥ï ,k úg jxpdjg tfrysj kS;s mekjkakfa flfiao@ fldñIka iNd m;alrk 17 jk ixfYdaOkhg fldñIka iNdj, N=la;sh ;sr lrk 18 jk ixfYdaOk tkafkao kej;;a iïmdolhka ixrlaIKhguh' Y=oao nhsn,fha Èjeishdj,sfha i|yk jk f,i'' —Tjqka hqla;sh bgq rkq we;ehs t;=uka n,d isá kuq;a Tjqka lf<a ñks ueÍuh'''˜ fï fp!rhka ms<snoz iñ÷ka mjiakfka fuf,i'' —iudßhd l÷lf¾ isák ;rndre t<fokqks'' È<s÷ka ;,d fm<d wirKhskag mSvd lrk kqU,d fldl= j,ska we| f.k hkq ,nk oji meñfKkq isl=reh''˜ —kmqrg hym; lshdo hym;g kmqr lshdo lshk t<sh w÷r njg;a''' w÷r t<sh njg;a yrjk" ñysr ;s;a; njg;a yrjk Tng jk úm;l uy;'''˜ foa Y md,khg ta u g fmrg jvd fmdfydi;= k a jQ is h ¿ foaYmd,lfhda'' ¥Is;fhda ñi ck;d fiajlfhda fkdjk neúka wd.ñl kdhlfhda Tjqkag wdYs¾jdo lsßu ;ukaf.a fidndjho lshd mEuls' ck kdhlfhda iy foaYmd,k fp!rehka fukau Tjqkaj msxj;=ka" mß;Hd.YS,ska lrk wd.ñl kdhlhkao tlu fld,a,h fnod .kafkda fj;s' 2002 iema;eïn¾


78

md¿lrfha y`v

uQis, rdcHfha cv udOH Ndú;h b;d È.= l,la wOhdmkh ms<sn| j.lsj hq;= wdh;kh bÈsßfha Wmjdihl fhÿkq iafõÉpd .=re msßilf.a úfrdaO;djhg t,a, jQ ñf,aÉP m%ydrh yd ta ms<sn|j rcfha ckudOHfha yeisÍu ye¢kaúh yelafla —cvudOH Ndú;h˜ hkqfjka ñi wka f,ilska fkdfõ' wm rfÜ wOHdmkfha úYd, nrlg lr .ik msßils iafõÉPd .=rejreka rgmqrd úfYaIfhka iïm;a wvq ÿIalr mdi,aj, Tjqka bgq lrk fufyjr w;s úYd,hs' fidÉpï §ukdjla i|yd meñfKk Tjqkf a .ka fndfyda fofkl= mdi,a lgh;= j,§ úYd, f,i odhlùu wms ±l we;af;uq' i;s .Kkdjla bla u jk ;= r e Wmjdihg ms < s ; = r la §ug wfmdafydi;a jQ rch wjidk fudfydf;a§ jQ m%ydrfhka fmkajd ÿkafka m%Yak úif|k l%uh m%pkav nj ñi wka uÕla fkdjk njhs' .=rejrekag m%ydr t,a, lr m%Yak úi|k rchlg YsIH m%pkav;ajh je,elaúh yels hehs is;Su uq,djls' Èkla fyda .=re myi ,o lsisfjl=g lsisu lreKla wrUhd fyda .=rejreka msßilg t,a, l< tu m%ydrh idOdrKSlrKh l< fkdyelshs th ish¿ fokd fy,d ±lsh hq;= m%ydrhls' tfy;a Bg úreoaOj wd cku;hg rcfha udOH j, jeglvq¿ ,Eu ;=,ska tu l%shdfõ ,eÊcd ke;slu ;j;a m%n, f,i m%ldY lrhs' .=rejrhd .=re foúhd f,i ie,l= rgl rchu .=rejreka wmrdOlrhska fia i,ld l%shdlsßu trfÜ msßySu fmkajhs wo .=rejrekaf.a o msßySula ;sfnk nj we;a;la jqjo th fjku idlÉPd l, hq;= ud;Dldjls' kuq;a mry§u lsis f,ilj;a úi÷ï uÕla fkdfõ úfYaIfhak ÿIalr fldkafoais hgf;a fiajh lrk .=re msßilg l< myroiSu kskaÈ; ksysk l%shdjla nj wms m%ldY lruq' 2003 fmnrjdß

ysÕuk Èfkajdæ f.jqkq udi fofla Y%s ,dxlSh foaYmd,kfha f;dfrdïn,a lrk ,o ud;Dldj jQfha —fgdalsfhda wdOdrhs˜ fï wdOdr remsh,a


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flda á .Kk Y% S ,xldfõ is h ¨ m% Y a k ks j drKh lrdúhehs foaYmd,lfhda mji;s' ck;dj iekiqï iqiqï fy,;s'' fyg tÉpr l¿jr ke'' hs is;;s' ta;a" rgu wu;l lrk i;Hhla ;sfí' tkï fï wdOdr hkq —wdOdr˜ fkdj Kh njhs'' Kh .ekSu wdvïnrhla jkafka flfiao@ ljr O¾uhlg wkqj th idvïnr lreKla fia ie,lsh yelso@ lsishï ñksfil= fyda mjq,l fyda rgla Kh u; Ôj;a jkakfa kï th jydu ke;s lr.; hq;= ;;ajhls' Y=oaOjq nhsn,h cqì,s j¾Ih Kh lmd yeÍfï jirla f,i fhdackd lr we;af;a Kh úIu pl%h mqoa.,hdf.a wNsudkh ke;s fldg Tyq jv jvd ysÕukg m;a lrk ksidh iudc widOdrKh ;yjqre lr foaj leu;a; úkdY lrk ksidh''' —Wlia fokakkaf.a .kkg tl;= fkdjkak'''˜ ysf;damfoaYhfï Kh wdOdr Wlia .ekSug;a jvd oreKq fldkafoais u; isÿjk tajdh'' Kh jf.au wdOdro Nhdkl uxfld,a,hl yqjudrejla muKs' wfma wdh;k úl=Kd ±ñh hq;=h' wfma le,E Tjqkag ndr Èh hq;=h' wOHdmkh" fi!LH lmdy, hq;=h' iqnidOk jeh yels ;rï lmd yeßh hq;=h' Kh j,ska l, hq;af;a ÿmam;=ka ixj¾Okh fkdj fmdai;=kag wjYH wêfõ.s ud¾. ikaksfõok wdÈ há;, myiqlï jeä ÈhqKq lsÍu' —wi,ajeishdg Kh §u ohdfõ l%shdjls'''˜ ^WmfoaYlhd& kuq;a fï isÿjkafka taohdfõ l%shdj fkdj ohdfõ ojgd úkdYh" fnod §uls'' —wms fuÉpr Kh f.kdjd'˜ —wmsg fuÉpr Kh ,enqkd''˜ Kh fuÉpr ,nd.;a w.ue;sg'' weu;s ch fõjd'' fï igka mdG ish,af,a ienE yrh —ysÕuk Èfkajd''˜ hkak ñi wfklla fkdfõ' rgg wjYH jka f ka fï ys Õ dlEu m% y ¾Ihg kxjk Ñka;kfhka ñÈ l%shdlrk ±lauls''' foaYmd,lhka wmg fmkajd fokafka tjka ±laula fkdfõ' jy,aNdjfha ±lauhs'' Khg lEfï meje;auhs''


පාළුකරයේ හඬ  

ප්‍රතම මුද්‍රණය: 2012 සැප්තැම්බර් 29 ISBN 978-955-1435-03-5

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