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Feb 21-27, 2014

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by Kathy Wolfe The simple definition of genius is someone with “exception intellectual or creative ability.” That can certainly be said of the individuals Tidbits examines this week. • What constitutes a genius IQ level? Intelligence tests are based on one devised by French psychologist Alfred Binet in the 1950s. Average intelligence falls between a score of 85 and 114. It’s estimated that about half of the world’s population has an IQ between 90 and 110. A score of about 160 is considered to be a genius. About 1% of all the people in the world are above 136. It’s believed that Einstein’s IQ was 160, while Mozart’s is estimated at 165. • Considered the world’s first real child prodigy, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart began studying violin and harpsichord at age 3. At 5, he was performing at the University of Salzburg and at Vienna’s Imperial Court the following year. He was 6 when he began composing minuets and other short pieces. His first symphony came along at age 8 and an opera at 12. Mozart received all of his education from his father and never attended a school. He frequently experienced anxiety, loneliness, and sadness, and occasionally exhibited the symptoms of Tourette’s Syndrome and bipolarism. Although he only lived to age 35, he composed more than 600 pieces, including 68 symphonies, 27 piano concertos, horn concertos, violin sonatas, and many volumes of string quartet music.

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GENIUSES (continued): • Albert Einstein was responsible for “the world’s most famous equation,” E=mc2, the formula for mass-energy equivalence. Yet this German-born physicist failed his first college entrance exam, passing only the math and science sections, forcing him to attend a secondary school before retaking and passing the test a year later. Einstein’s 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. He came to America on a visit in 1933, and made the decision to stay when new German laws prohibited him from teaching at any university there. He renounced his German citizenship, took a teaching position at Princeton, and became a U.S. citizen in 1940. Regarding the topic of genius, he once said, “The difference between stupidity and genius is that genius has its limits.” • Regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all times, Isaac Newton almost became a farmer. His mother urged him to follow in his late father’s footsteps on the family farm, but this genius disliked the profession intensely. He attended Cambridge University, studying mathematics, physics, and astronomy. We’re most familiar with his theory of gravitation, developed after watching an apple fall from a tree. Most folks have also heard of his law of inertia that states that an object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion. Another familiar Newton law is that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. Newton was also responsible for the first practical reflecting telescope. Modern-day psychologists believe it’s quite possible that this genius had Asperger Syndrome, an autism disorder characterized by severe difficulties in social situations. • Although we think of Alexander Graham Bell as the inventor of the telephone, he had 17 other patents, including hydrofoil boats, aerial vehicles, and selenium cells. Bell was 29 years old and working on an improvement to the telegraph when he invented the telephone. As a young boy, he had come up with a talking doll that said, “Mama,” and at age 12, built a device for the process of dehusking wheat. Following the shooting of President James Garfield in 1881, Bell quickly devised an electromagnetic apparatus to try to locate the bullet lodged in Garfield’s

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Across 1 Manages (for oneself) 6 Snuck 11 __ Moines, Iowa 14 Native Alaskan 15 Cowboy singer Gene 16 “That’s nasty!” 17 Criticize gas and electric companies? 19 The Beatles’ “__ Loves You” 20 Sunrise direction 21 One of a D.C. 100 22 Russian capital 24 Roy G __: rainbow mnemonic 26 Piebald horse 27 Criticize a modeling shoot array? 30 It replaced the French franc 33 Pass out 35 Mudville number 36 Complete, as a scene 37 Tropicana and Minute Maid, briefly 38 Cheesy sandwiches 39 Grounded jet 40 Sworn statement 42 Isaac’s eldest 43 Wranglers with wheels 45 Folk music’s Kingston __ 46 Criticize stage shows?

CROSSWORD

48 Former Bears head coach Smith 50 Be in debt 51 Sea near Stockholm 53 Prefix with pass 55 Become enraged 59 World Cup cheer 60 Criticize awards? 63 Gen-__: boomer’s kid, probably 64 Invalidate 65 On one’s toes 66 Fist pumper’s word 67 Trotsky and Uris 68 Pack animals Down 1 Lose color in the wash 2 “On the Waterfront” director Kazan 3 Loch with a monster 4 Brit’s trash can 5 Sault __ Marie 6 Batman’s hideout 7 Wreck completely 8 And so on: Abbr. 9 Vacate the __: eviction notice phrase 10 Big name in chicken 11 Criticize college subjects? 12 Bounce in a 6-Down 13 Depict unfairly 18 Invitation letters

abdomen. In 1906, this genius with a vision said, “The day will come when the man at the telephone will be able to see the distant person to whom he is speaking.” • Robert “Bobby” Fischer was an American chess master, who at age 14, won the World Chess Championship, the youngest winner of the title. At 15, he was the youngest international grandmaster of all time. This son of a biophysicist father and a teacher, then nurse, then physician mother, Bobby learned chess when he was six years old, using the instructions from a chess set bought at a candy store. As a genius with an IQ of 187, he dropped out of high school at age 16 to dedicate himself to the game. His famous 1972 world championship match against the USSR’s Boris Spassky put Fischer in the public eye. After that match, he became a recluse and didn’t play a competitive game in public for nearly 20 years. • A modern-day genius, 30-year-old Michael Kearney received his first bachelor’s degree at age 10, and had earned three more by age 21, followed by a doctorate in chemistry at 22. Kearney spoke his first words at four months, and at six months, surprised his

23 Bouillabaisse, e.g. 25 Practitioner: Suff. 26 Kept in, as hostility 27 Criticize farmers? 28 Bodysuit for a tiny tot 29 “__ Marner”: Eliot work 31 Speak with a grating voice 32 Chooses 33 12 inches 34 Open a bit 38 Doctor’s profession 41 Owl’s cry 43 A boxer may have a glass one 44 They’re attractive to

look at 47 “Footloose” co-star Singer 49 “Myra Breckinridge” author Gore 51 Like the Honda Element 52 Away from the wind 53 Really surprise 54 Web addresses, briefly 56 Beehive State natives 57 Little more than 58 Repair co. proposals 61 __-cone 62 Sheep’s call


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FAMOUS CANADIANS:

KEANU REEVES

• Although born in Beirut, Lebanon, Keanu Reeves is a U.S. citizen because of his Hawaiianborn American father. He is also a Canadian citizen through naturalization. His Englishborn mother also gives him British citizenship, but Reeves considers himself a Canadian. His father abandoned the family when Reeves was just three years old, and he grew up in Toronto. His unusual first name comes from the Hawaiian language meaning “cool breezes over the mountains.”

FAMOUS SANDRAS

• School was not a pleasant experience for Reeves, who attended five high schools in five years. Challenged by dyslexia, he chose to spend his Here’s the word on some famous ladies with time on the hockey rink as a successful goalie. something in common – they’re all named Sandra! His dream of playing hockey for Canada was • Sandra Day O’Connor grew up on an Arizona ranch shattered by an injury, and he began working at where she became an accomplished horsewoman a hockey rink while taking acting lessons. His at a young age. After graduating from Stanford ice-skating abilities paid off in 1986 when he University with a degree in economics in 1950 and landed his first movie appearance as a Canadian completing law school, she set out to find a job. goalie in the film Youngblood with Rob Lowe. Shortly afterward, he made the move to L.A. At least 40 law firms refused to even interview After a string of minor roles, Reeves’ first big her because she was a woman. Sandra took a break came in 1989 when he was 25, with a role job working for the county attorney in San Mateo in the comedy Bill & Ted’s Excellent Adventure. • Reeves’ early career wasn’t all about the movies. In 1991, he started playing bass guitar with the grunge band Dogstar, a passion he enjoyed until 2002. Dogstar experienced success for several years, opening for Bon Jovi in 1995 and appearing in concert with David Bowie, as well as appearing in two movies. • Reeves’ reputation received a huge boost in 1994 when he was cast opposite Sandra Bullock in the action film Speed as an LAPD officer who keeps a bomb from exploding aboard a city bus by keeping its speed above 50 mph. Reeves did 90% of his own stunts for Speed. The film was extremely successful and a sequel was planned. Surprisingly, Reeves turned down the offer

County, California, working for free just to get her foot in the door. It wasn’t long before she was the deputy county attorney there. In 1965, she became Arizona’s assistant Attorney General, before making the move to politics as a state senator in 1969, becoming the first woman to serve as its Majority Leader. O’Connor advanced to the Arizona State Court of Appeals, where she was when she was asked to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court. On July 7, 1981, President Ronald Reagan appointed O’Connor as the first female justice of the nation’s highest court, a position she retained until her retirement in 2006. She is famously quoted as saying, “The power I exert on the court depends on the power of my arguments, not on my gender.” • Alexandra Zuck was just 12 years old and was already a successful model, having made her debut in Girl Scouts Magazine. She was signed to her first film Until They Sail in 1957, using the stage name of Sandra Dee. By 1959, she was a box-office hit in the beach movie Gidget and another romantic film A Summer Place. In 1960, at age 18, while filming Come September, she was teamed with co-star, pop idol Bobby Darin. After a whirlwind one-month courtship, the two married. • For several years, Sandra Dee was voted as one of the most popular and top moneymaking box office stars, 7th on the list in 1960, 6th the following year after starring in Tammy, 9th in 1962, and 8th in 1963. But by 1965, her popularity was waning. Her

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pediatrician by saying, “I have a left ear infection.” By 10 months, he was reading, and graduated from high school at age six.

Canadian Tid-bits

▶ At a height of height of 5,959 meters (19,551 ft) Mount Logan in southwestern Yukon is the highest mountain in Canada and the second-highest peak in North America, after Mount McKinley (Denali). Logan is also believed to have the largest base circumference of any non-volcanic mountain on Earth, with the massif containing eleven peaks over 5,000 meters (16,400 ft). The ice cap on the mountain is almost 300 m (984 ft) deep in certain spots. ▶ Mountains and glaciers cover 82% of the territory in Kluane National Park in the southwestern corner of Yukon. There are more than 2,000 glaciers in the park, many with ice more than a mile thick. ▶ In the Athapaskan language, the word Yukon means ‘big river.’ At 3,600 kilometres (2,300 mi.), the Yukon River is the fourth longest river in North America, the fifth largest in water flow, and the last major river on the continent to be explored in the 1800s. ▶ The Yukon is slightly larger than the state of California. In California, there are about 24,140 kilometers (15,000 mi.) of highway. In Yukon, there are about 4,734.8 kilometres (2,942.2 mi.) of highway. ▶ The largest beaver ever caught weighed 45 kg (99 lb.) The longest beaver dam ever found is located in northern Alberta and stretches for 800 meters (half a mile).

• When Edison was developing the phonograph, it wasn’t as a form of entertainment. He was more interested in its educational and business possibilities – teaching elocution and diction, recordings for the blind, dictation, and recording a teacher’s instructions. During the 1880s, this brilliant individual filed for a new patent on the average of every five days, more than 1,300 items over the course of his creative life. Because he had dyslexia, Edison spent just three months in public school before his mother chose to deal with his learning disability by homeschooling him. Although we mainly remember his “big” inventions, such as the stock ticker, voting machine, motion picture camera and projector, phonograph, and incandescent light bulbs, Edison was also the inventor of waxed paper! As to being a genius, Edison had this to say, “Genius is one percent inspiration and 99% perspiration.” • Kim Ung-Yong’s IQ is approximately 210, perhaps the highest in the world. By his third birthday, he was reading Japanese, Korean, German, and English, and was enrolled as a physics student at South Korea’s Hanyang University. At 8, he was invited by NASA to study in the U.S. and work for the organization. After 10 years with NASA, he returned to Korea and obtained his doctorate in civil engineering.

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KEANU REEVES (continued):

Weekly Sudoku

of an $11 million paycheck as well as another role opposite Robert DeNiro in the crime thriller Heat. He opted to tour with his band and to appear in the Manitoba Theatre Centre production of Hamlet in Winnipeg. His performance during the 24-day engagement earned him a reviewer’s comments declaring Reeves as “one of the top three Hamlets I have seen, for a simple reason: he IS Hamlet.” • In 1999, Reeves took his most famous role, that of a computer hacker named Neo, in the sci-fi thriller The Matrix. He was chosen over the likes of Leonardo DeCaprio, Will Smith, and Brad Pitt. The film grossed more than $171 million in the U.S. alone. Reeves spent 11 months in Australia in 2002 filming the sequels The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions back-to-back. The two films were released six months apart in 2003. Reeves received $15 million per film, and 15% of the profits, earning him more than $150 million for the project. Each of Reeves’ 12 stuntmen received a gift of a new Harley-Davidson motorcycle as a gesture of his appreciation. • In 2001, Reeves became a published author when he released Ode to Happiness, described as a “grown-up’s picture book” on coping with life’s sorrows. Reeves has had his own share of sorrows, including the 1999 stillbirth of his daughter, followed by his long-time girlfriend’s death in an auto accident 18 months later.

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FAMOUS SANDRAS (continued): 1967 divorce from Darin hurt her innocent youthful appeal and the studio dropped her contract. This beautiful blonde’s life spiraled out of control over the next several years, particularly after Darin’s early death at age 37. But after two decades of seclusion, she re-emerged for a short time in a few productions. Kidney complications claimed her life in 2005. • If Sandra Bullock had followed in her mother’s footsteps, she’d be an opera singer! With Sandra’s German mother continually on the road performing, the family spent much of Sandra’s childhood abroad. She often performed in the children’s chorus in various productions. Her grandfather was actually a rocket scientist in Germany! After being voted “Most Likely to Brighten Up Your Day” by her high school class, Sandra began studying acting at a North Carolina university. She then moved to New York City to pursue a stage career, which led to TV roles, followed by small movie parts. Her first big role was in 1994’s Speed opposite Keanu Reeves. While You Were Sleeping, Miss Congeniality, and The Proposal made her a bigger star. It was her role in The Blind Side in 2009 that earned Bullock her first Academy Award. Since the break-up of her marriage, she has been a single mom to her son Louis, whom she adopted in 2010.

Last Weeks:


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Pet Bits Q: Sometimes we see cats wandering around outside, presumably pets let out for the night. We know that these poor cats can be hit by cars, poisoned by chemicals, or even attacked by rats. Now, with coyotes, why don’t people realize that letting their cats outside is a death sentence?

FAMOUS CANADIANS:

WILLIAM SHATNER

the role of police sergeant T. J. Hooker, a popular television series from 1982 to 1986. The reality show Rescue 911 followed in 1989, a seven-year stint. At age 73, he joined the cast of the legal drama The Practice in 1997, a series that spun off into Boston Legal, starring as the eccentric attorney Denny Crane, winning two Emmys for the role. Shatner has also been the spokesman for Priceline for 15 years, as well as writing several Star Trek novels, including The Ashes of Eden and Avenger.

Tidbits beams up the facts on this famous Canadian, most widely remembered as Captain James T. Kirk. • Born in Montreal, Quebec in 1931, William Shatner got his start as a child performer on Canadian Broadcasting’s radio programs. While earning his Bachelor of Commerce degree from Montreal’s McGill University, Shatner spent his summers performing with the Royal Mount Theater • Shatner and his co-star Leonard “Spock” Nimoy both suffer Company, training as a Shakespearean actor. After from tinnitus, which is a ringing in the ears. The hearing graduation, he joined the Canadian National Repertory of both men was damaged while filming a 1967 episode of Theatre in Ottawa, acting regularly in the Shakespearean Star Trek when they stood too close to a special effects Stratford Festival of Canada in Stratford, Ontario. explosion. • A far cry from his Shakespearean roots, Shatner was cast • Although he retains his Canadian citizenship, the 82-yearas Ranger Bob on the Canadian Howdy Doody Show in 1954. old Shatner, an avid horseman, and his wife own a 360Although his first movie role was the part of “a crook” in the acre horse farm near Lexington, Kentucky. He has been 1951 Canadian film, The Butler’s Night Off, Shatner’s first big honored with both a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, role was at age 26 in 1958’s The Brothers Karamazov, along and a maple leaf on the Canadian Walk of Fame. with Yul Brynner. The early ‘60s were filled with lowerbudget movies and TV guest spots for Shatner. • It was Shatner’s casting as Captain James Tiberius Kirk, commander of the starship U.S.S. Enterprise in 1966 that sealed his fame. Even though Star Trek was cancelled after just 79 episodes over three seasons due to low Nielsen ratings, the series became a cult classic with thousands of followers. The short-lived program generated five additional TV series, 12 movies, and books, video games, toys, and action figures. WILLIAM SHATNER (continued): • After Star Trek’s cancellation, life became tough for Shatner. He had been typecast as Captain Kirk and offers for roles were few. His wife divorced him, taking much of his money with her, and Shatner lost his home. He lived in a pickup truck camper, hoping for better roles to come along. He guest-starred on a number of game shows and did some TV commercials to make ends meet. • In 1979, Paramount Pictures chose to produce a Star Trek movie, reuniting the original cast. The sequel, The Wrath of Khan, came along in 1982, followed by six more films, ending with 1994’s Star Trek Generations with the death of Kirk. • In the midst of filming the Star Trek movies, Shatner landed

A: I don’t blame the coyotes; they’re merely trying to survive. Coyotes are highly adaptable and will dine on anything they can find -- which can include our pets. I’m sorry for your loss, but enormously grateful you decided to tell your story. Healthy coyotes are not so brazen as to attack small dogs on a leash. If a coyote does approach, however, simply scoop up your dog and holler at the coyote. Small dogs may be attacked when left unsupervised in yards. Cats who can’t scamper to a tree fast enough have also been killed by coyotes. Of course, cats cannot be hit by cars, or attacked by birds of prey, stray dogs, or coyotes if they’re kept indoors. Coyotes can be pesky, getting into garbage. But also in many places, their diet features rodents. I can’t speak for other cities, but due to last year’s mild winter and budget cuts in rodent abatement, the rat population in Chicago has surged. Aside from feral cats, coyotes are the only other significant predator for these pests. While feral cats will hunt small, younger rats, as for those rats on steroids attacking cats, I find that highly unlikely.


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Community Events The Greater Vernon Museum & Archives 19th Annual Antiques & Collectibles Show & Sale

Friday, February 21, 2014, at 3pm to 8pm and on Saturday, February 22, 2014 at 10am to 4pm at the Recreation Centre Auditorium & Dogwood Gym, 3310-37th Avenue, Vernon. Buy and sell with antique dealers from throughout the Interior. Over 15,000 square feet of exhibition space! Proceeds from admission go directly to support the Museum and its programs. Adult General Admission $3 For more information: Phone: (250) 5423142 www.vernonmuseum.ca/events_and_exhibitions.html

Coldest Night of the Year Walk-a-thon

Saturday, February 22, 2014 at 4pm at Upper Room Mission, 3403-27th Avenue, Vernon. We are once again walking 5 and 10 km in support of the Upper Room Mission. Register a team and walk with us! http://www.coldestnightoftheyear.org/loc

After-School Games

Every Tuesday from February 18, 2014 until May 13, 2014 at 3pm at Okanagan Regional Library, 2800 30th Ave, Vernon. Play board games and Wii at the library. http://www.orl.bc.ca

The Okanagan Master Gardeners Basic Training Program

Saturday, March 29, 2014 and Saturday, April 5, 2014 from 1pm to 3pm at venue to be determined. OMG is an active non-profit volunteer Organization and they are holding an orientation and registration session for their 2014 Basic Training Program. The goal is to educate the public about sustainable gardening practices through clinics at plant nurseries, plant sales, farmers markets, garden tours and other events. At this free session we will discuss what it means to be a Master Gardener. In addition, we review the Okanagan Master Gardeners Basic Training Program, including course content and reference materials. The course will be held in the Okanagan, primarily in Kelowna, on Saturdays from September 6, 2014 to December 6, 2014 from 9am to 4pm. The classes take place at various venues with guest speakers chosen to enhance the modules in the Master Gardener Training Manual. Contact Okanaganmastergardenerscourse@ gmail.com for more information about the orientation session and Basic Training Program.

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CLASSIFIEDS For Sale

Help Wanted

14’ Mirrorcraft Boat 2012 with trailer (& spare tire) & loader guides. Bimini Top, Scotty Rod Holders, Hummingbird Fish Finder + 30 horse, electric start Tohatsu Motor. All barely used, like new. (Salmon Arm) Call Ron (250) 832-2855

Great Pay for Hard Work – Please see Jemco Display ad for details. (page 5)

1000+ Alpha Grass Mix cow hay round bails. Call John (250) 540-2475 (Lumby) Beige Palliser Lift Recliner. Like new $600.00 Call Ron (250) 832-2855 (Salmon Arm) FARM RAISED FREEZER BEEF No additives or hormones. Gov. Insp. By The Side--$3.50 lb. Cut, Wrapped and Frozen (250) 307-3430 or (250) 546-6494 (Armstrong)

Wellness

Pets Puppies for Sale Tri Collie Kelpie Cross Puppy. Female. 16 weeks old. House trained. Very smart stock puppy. $350 Call John (250) 540-2475 (Lumby)

Services RED DOG CEILING PRO PAINTING AND DECORATING. Ceilings Dirty? Why clean them when you can have them refinished professionally and economically. NOW IN KELOWNA WWW.REDDOGPAINTING.COM

info@reddogpainting.com

Wanted

Wanted: Purchasing old Canadian & American coin collections & accumulations. Old gold & sterling! Private, Prompt & Confidential. 250-5483670 (Shuswap).

Looking to Purchase Vintage fishing rods, reels & tackle, Coleman products, compasses, bird & game calls, small oilers and knives. Call Dan (250) 545-8116 Cell (250) 938-2646 (Vernon)

(250) 859-9081 (Kelowna)

$ CASH $ CASH $ CASH $

TOP DOLLAR for Unwanted Vehicles. DANDON TRUCKING Local & Long Haul. Servicing BC, AB & SK. Call (250) 260-8056 (Winfield) $ CASH $ CASH $ CASH $

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Vernon 161