Issuu on Google+

NA-LUBEŽ KR Series Alkylated Naphthalenes King Industries’ Newest Technology For the Lubricant and Grease Industries

Synthetic Base Oils / Base Oil Modifiers for Superior Thermo-Oxidative and Hydrolytic Stability and now including NSF HX-1 Registered Products


NA-LUBE® KR Series - Alkylated Naphthalenes Synthetic Base Oils and Base Oil Modifiers For over 50 years, King has been a leader in the alkylation of naphthalenes, and today King is the producer of the world’s broadest line of alkylated naphthalene synthetic fluids. Designated the NA-LUBE KR Series, these products are the ideal choice for use as base stocks to meet the industry’s highest performance standards where high temperatures degrade petroleum based products or as modifiers for non-polar base stocks, such as Group II oils, Group III oils, and PAO’s. Whether working to develop an innovative new product or to improve an existing product, the NA-LUBE KR Series can help formulators meet today’s everincreasing demands placed on lubricants. Including those of meeting the requirements for incidental food contact as prescribed by FDA CFR 178.3570 with three new NSF HX-1 registered products, KR-006FG, KR-015 FG and KR-029 FG. NA-LUBE KR alkylated naphthalenes provide superior thermo-oxidative stability, excellent hydrolytic stability, and greater film thickness compared to alternative base fluids. PROPERTY

KR Series

PAO

Esters

Mineral Oils (Group II & III)

Thermo-Oxidative Stability

Excellent

Good

Good to Excellent

Good

Thermal Stability

Excellent

Excellent

Excellent

Excellent

Hydrolytic Stability

Excellent

Excellent

Good

Excellent

Good to Excellent

Poor

Excellent

Poor

Good

Excellent

Excellent

Good to Excellent

Good to Excellent

Poor

Excellent

Poor

Excellent

Good

Good

Fair

Seal Swell Viscosity Index Additive Solubility Film Thickness

In addition, the non-polar nature of the NA-LUBE KR products makes them superior to other synthetic fluids in that there is no surface competition with additives. With decades of experience in the alkylation of naphthalene, King not only offers products with a diverse ISO viscosity range (22-193 cSt) but also can work with formulators to develop customized products for particular needs.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

King Industries, Inc. Science Road Norwalk, CT 06852  203-866-5551 Email: lad@kingindustries.com

Introduction

Page 1

Applications/Product Customization

Page 3

Performance As Base Oil

Page 4

Performance As Base Oil Modifier

Page 8

Formulating Information

Page 11

Contact and Additional Information

Page 14


TYPICAL PROPERTIES Standard Lower Viscosity Products PROPERTY

Test Method

KR-007A

KR-008

Kinematic Viscosity @ 40ºC

ASTM D 445

21.8 cSt

36 cSt

Kinematic Viscosity @ 100ºC

ASTM D 445

3.8 cSt

5.6 cSt

Calculated

61

90

ASTM D 611

40°C

42°C

CEC L40

39%

8%

Evaporation Loss, 6.5 hrs.@ 205°C

ASTM 2595

55%

11%

Pour Point

ASTM D 97

< -48°C

-33°C

Flash Point

ASTM D 92

206°C

236°C

ASTM D 4052

0.92

0.90

Viscosity Index Aniline Point Noack Volatility, by weight

Density @ 25ºC

Standard Higher Viscosity Products PROPERTY

Test Method

KR-015

KR-019

KR-023

Kinematic Viscosity @ 40ºC

ASTM D 445

114 cSt

177 cSt

193 cSt

Kinematic Viscosity @ 100ºC

ASTM D 445

13.5 cSt

18.7 cSt

19.8 cSt

Calculated

110

118

118

ASTM D 611

94°C

103°C

NA

CEC L40

2.2%

1.4%

<1.0 %

Evaporation Loss, 6.5 hrs.@ 205°C

ASTM 2595

3.8%

1.4%

0.4%

Pour Point

ASTM D 97

-39°C

-26°C

-21°C

Flash Point

ASTM D 92

260°C

285°C

310°C

ASTM D 4052

0.88

0.88

0.89

Viscosity Index Aniline Point Noack Volatility, by weight

Density @ 25ºC

NSF HX-1 Registered Products * PROPERTY

Test Method

KR-006FG

KR-015 FG

KR-029FG

Kinematic Viscosity @ 40ºC

ASTM D 445

36 cSt

124 cSt

174 cSt

Kinematic Viscosity @ 100ºC

ASTM D 445

5.6 cSt

13.1 cSt

17.5 cSt

Calculated

90

100

110

ASTM D 611

42ºC

94°C

103°C

CEC L40

8%

2.2%

1.4%

Evaporation Loss, 6.5 hrs.@ 205°C

ASTM 2595

11%

3.8%

1.4%

Pour Point

ASTM D 97

-33ºC

< - 45°C

-26°C

Flash Point

ASTM D 92

236ºC

260°C

290°C

ASTM D 4052

0.90

0.88

0.88

143717

140436

141220

Viscosity Index Aniline Point Noack Volatility, by weight

Density @ 25ºC NSF HX-1 Registration #

* Not to exceed minimum amount required to achieve technical effect.

Pages 1 & 2 NOTES: 1. The above analytical data are not specifications. 2. Acid Number <0.1mg KOH/g for all products


Applications and Product Customization As you can see from the Typical Properties Chart, King Industries offers a range of products with diverse viscosity and polarity (aniline point - see chart below) that lead to a multitude of applications. Ranging from low viscosity for automotive lubricants to high viscosity for industrial lubricants and greases - all offering exceptional performance in thermal and oxidative stability, hydrolytic stability, low volatility, good solvency and seal swell capability. RELATIVE ANILINE POINTS

More Polar

Less Polar

Monoesters Diesters Polyol Esters

KR-007A

KR-008

KR-015

KR-019

PAO Group II and III Mineral Oils

-7 to 5°C

40°C

42°C

94°C

103°C

115 to 135°C

Applications - Reference Chart NA-LUBE

KR-007A

KR-008

KR-015

KR-019

KR-023

AUTOMOTIVE LUBRICANTS Automatic Transmission Fluids

Crankcase Oils

Gear Oils

INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANTS Chain Oils

Compressor Oils

Gear Oils

Greases

Heat Transfer Oils

H-1 Fluids

 

Paper Machine Oils Turbine Oils Vacuum Oils

KR-015FG & KR-029FG

Hydraulic Fluids Low Temp. Applications

 


NA-LUBE KR SERIES - Performance As Base Oil ■ Thermal - Oxidative Stability Performance of Base Oils (Modified CEC-L-48-A-95 - Bulk Oxidation Test) Using this bulk oxidation test, oils are subjected to heat and oxygen in the presence of metal catalysts. Increases in acid number and viscosity are monitored over time. An increase in acid number is indicative of oxidation and degradation of the base oil. As can be seen in the top graph below, KR-015 was the most stable of all base oils tested. Likewise, KR-015 maintained its original viscosity better than all the other tested samples including a 7 cSt Group III base oil containing an antioxidant (bottom graph). MODIFIED BULK OXIDATION TEST

KR - 0 15 Diester TM P Ester 7 cSt Gro up III 6 cSt P A O 7 cSt Gro up III with 0.3% A O

60 50 Acid # (mg KOH/g)

Test Conditions: 500 grams @ 160° C for 72 hours with soluble Fe and Cu catalyst and air purge at 15L/hr

70

40 30 20 10

Top Graph: Increase in acid number over time. Bottom Graph: Percent increase in viscosity over time.

0 0

1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

20

40 Time (hour)

60

80

60

80

KR - 015 Diester TM P Ester 6 cSt PAO 7 cSt Group III 7 cSt Group III with 0.3% AO

0

20

40 Time (hour)

Pages 3 & 4


■ Thermal-Oxidative Stability (ASTM D 6186) PDSC - Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry NA-LUBE KR-015 and KR-019 (neat) when tested at 200°C and 210°C using 500 psi O2 resulted in the following performance compared to other base stocks: PDSC - Induction Time With O2 Base Oil

PAO

Group I

Group II

Group III

KR-015

KR-019

Minutes @ 200° C

<1

<1

<1

<1

22

10

Minutes @ 210°C

<1

<1

<1

<1

9

4

■ Thermal-Oxidative Stability (ASTM D 2272) Rotating Pressurized Vessel Oxidation Test - 90 psi O2 @ 150°C NA-LUBE KR-015 and NA-LUBE KR-019 have excellent thermo-oxidative stability as neat fluids both with and without additives, as shown below: Rotating Pressurized Vessel Oxidation Test (RPVOT — ASTM D 2272) BASE FLUID Minutes to pressure drop of 25 psi

KR-015

KR-019

Neat Fluid (100%)

With 1.9% IGO*

Neat Fluid (100%)

With 1.9% IGO*

89

567

60

647

* IGO = Non-EP Industrial Gear Oil Package containing antioxidant, antiwear additive, and yellow metal deactivator

■ Cincinnati Milacron Thermal Stability Test (ASTM D 2070) Modified - higher temperatures, 200°C & 225°C This test is used to evaluate the thermal stability of fluids in the presence of copper and steel at elevated temperatures for 168 hours. The test is normally run at 135°C. However, the two KR products and a PAO were tested at elevated temperatures of 200°C and 225°C, both neat and with an additive package containing an antioxidant and a yellow metal deactivator. The PAO experienced a very high viscosity increase. Modified Cincinnati Milacron Thermal Stability Test BASE FLUID

Neat Fluid @ 200°C

Neat Fluid @ 225°C

Base Fluid with 1.5% AOP** @ 225°C

Total Sludge (mg/100ml)

% Viscosity Increase

Total Sludge (mg/100ml)

% Viscosity Increase

Total Sludge (mg/100ml)

% Viscosity Increase

KR-015

2.8

8

19.9

20

8.1

20

KR-019

6.3

10

2.8

35

25

21

PAO*

2.1

100

13.6

332

8.1

164

* PAO - 114 cSt @ 40°C - Blend adjusted to equal viscosity of KR-015. ** Additive Package containing antioxidants, yellow metal deactivator, and rust inhibitor.


■ Hydrolytic Stability (ASTM D 2619) Fully Formulated ISO VG 46 Group II Base Oil The KR Series offers excellent hydrolytic stability. The chart to the right shows the beneficial effect of adding 10% KR-015 to an ISO VG 46 Group II base oil compared to adding a diester or polyol ester.

Acid Value of Water Layer

7

Below shows the ASTM D 2619 performance for KR-015 and KR-019 as neat fluids (100%). NA-LUBE (Neat 100%) Hydrolytic Stability TAN Increase, mg KOH/g

KR-015

KR-019

0.02

0.02

6 5 4 3 2 1 0

KR-015

Diester

Polyol Ester

■ Thin Film Volatility As shown below, alkylated naphthalenes exhibit lower volatility than PAO at the same viscosity. Thin Film Volatility -(2 grams of fluid in aluminum pan, weight loss after 24 hours at temperatures shown) BASE FLUID

Neat Fluid - Weight Loss, %

Temperature

200°C

225°C

250°C

KR-015

12

26.7

67.4

KR-019

6.7

12.6

39.4

PAO*

41.1

50.6

65.1

■ Pressure Viscosity Coefficient & Film Thickness Characteristics The elastohydrodynamic behavior of KR-007A and KR-015 was compared to a 4 cSt polyol ester using a WAM7 machine. (Optical measurements were made over a range of entraining velocities from zero to ten m/sec at three test temperatures ranging from 25ºC to 85ºC.) Both the elastohydrodynamic film thickness and the corresponding pressure viscosity coefficients were superior for the NA-LUBE KR products compared to the polyol ester even at equal viscosity.

250

Pressure Viscosity Coefficient

KR-007A

200

4cSt Polyol Ester

150 100 50

Press. Vis. Coeff. (x 10-9) (Pa)-1

Film Thickness (nm)

Film Thickness (nm ) - hc2@2m /sec

25

KR-015

20

KR-007A

15

4cSt Polyol Ester

10 5 0 20

0 20

40

60

80

Tem perature, °C

100

40

60

80

100

120

Tem perature, °C

120

Pages 5 & 6


■ FZG (ASTM D 5182)

Damage Load Stage

KR-015 was compared to traditional mineral oil and PAO base stocks for relative lubricity properties as measured by FZG damage load stage when adjusted to equal viscosities. KR-015 outperformed the mineral oil and gave lubricity characteristics similar to the PAO.

7

7

PAO

KR-015

6

Mineral Oil

Systems adjusted to 114 cSt @ 40ºC to equal viscosity of KR-015

■ Four Ball Wear (ASTM D 4172) KR-015 and KR-019 were compared to ester and PAO base stocks using the Four Ball Wear Test. As can be seen to the right, the NA-LUBE KR products and the PAO gave similar performance at 100%, outperforming the ester base oil. With the addition of a non-EP industrial gear oil package, all fluids gave similar performance.

Four Ball Wear Scar Diameter, mm Base Fluid

Neat - 100%

With 1.9% IGO*

KR-015

0.65

0.30

KR-019

0.60

0.30

Ester

0.90

0.35

PAO

0.50

0.30

* IGO = Non-EP Industrial Gear Oil Package

■ Seal Swell Properties (ASTM D 471 and ASTM D 4289) NA-LUBE KR products will impart seal swell properties to non-polar base oils. The bar graph below shows the improvement in swell of Buna-N achieved with 20% addition of KR-015 as a base oil modifier to a 7 cSt Group III oil using the ASTM D 471 test. The table below shows the effect of 100% KR-019 on three different seal materials using the ASTM D 4289 test. NA-LUBE KR-015 - SEAL SWELL ASTM D 471 2.50%

NA-LUBE KR-019 SEAL SWELL ASTM D 4289

2.00%

% Swell - Buna-N

1.50%

Seal Type

1.00% 0.50% 0.00% -0.50%

No Modifier KR-015

Chloroprene Fluorocarbon Nitrile Butadiene 240 hrs @ 100°C 240 hrs @ 150°C 240 hrs @ 150°C

Volume Change, %

11.2

0.1

3.8

Points Hardness Change

-5

-2

-1

-1.00% -1.50% -2.00%


NA-LUBE KR Series - Performance As Base Oil Modifiers ■ Thermal-Oxidative Stability (ASTM D 6186) PDSC - Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry PDSC Oxidation Induction Times (Isothermal at 160°C with 150 psi air pressure) 25 Induction Time (minutes)

The chart to the right shows oxidative induction times for 20% blends of various synthetic base oils in a 7 cSt Group III oil. As can be seen, KR-015 significantly outperforms the other fluids tested - PAO, diester and polyol ester base oils.

20 15 10 5 0

No M o difier

KR-015

Diester

P o lyo l Ester

PAO

7 cSt Group III Oil

■ Thermal-Oxidative Stability (ASTM D 2272) Rotating Pressurized Vessel Oxidation Test - 90 psi O2 @ 150°C KR-015 was tested at various concentrations in a 7 cSt Group III base oil to track its influence on RPVOT performance.

100 80 Induction Time

As shown to the right, KR-015 can impart dramatic improvements in thermo-oxidative stability when used as a base oil modifier. Testing was done without the addition of additives or stabilizers.

RPVOT of NA-LUBE KR-015 in a 7 cSt Group III Oil

60 40 20 0 0

25%

50%

75%

100%

% NA-LUBE KR-015

■ Antioxidant Effect on Thermal-Oxidative Stability (ASTM D 2272) Rotating Pressurized Vessel Oxidation Test - 90 psi O2 @ 150°C Effect of 0.2% Antioxidant Addition 600 Induction Time (minutes)

Both KR-015 and a 7 cSt Group III oil were tested using the RPVOT procedure to determine the effect of adding 0.2% of various antioxidants to the base oils. As shown in the graph to the right, significant improvements to the thermal oxidative stability (induction time) were obtained using the KR-015.

500 400 300 200 100 0 None

DTBP 7 cSt Group III

ZnDTP KR-015

DPA NA-LUBE AO-142

Pages 7 & 8


■ Thermal Stability (FTM 3411) When tested using Federal Test Method 3411 for Thermal Stability (sealed glass tube at 274°C for 96 hours), KR-015 showed exceptional thermal stability as demonstrated in the chart below. At 20% modification of a 7 cSt Group III base oil, KR-015 exhibited excellent performance while comparable systems containing esters resulted in thick, dark deposits and in one case, extensive degradation of the metal. Thermal Stability Test - Glass Tube PRODUCT

7 cSt Group III

20% KR-015 in 7 cSt Group III

20% TMP Ester in 7 cSt Group III

20% Diester in 7 cSt Group III

KR-019

Change in Viscosity, %

-0.86

-0.80

-10.02

-15.78

-1.32

Change in Acid Number, mg KOH/g

0.03

-0.03

5.97

0.52

0.03

Change in Metal Weight, mg/cm2

0.00

-0.008

-2.97

0.05

0.00

Shiny Gold

Shiny

Etched

Shiny Blue-Black

Dull Blue-Black

Oil Appearance

Clean

Light Amber

Black

Very Dark Amber

Light Yellow

Test Cell Appearance

Clean

Clean

Heavy Black Stains

Clean

Clean

Metal Appearance

■ Boosting RPVOT Performance King’s alkylated naphthalenes may be used to boost the RPVOT oxidation induction time of lubricant formulations in highly refined mineral oils. A treat level of 0.7% of the premium ashless AW R&O package NA-LUBE BL-1208 in a typical ISO VG 46 Group III base oil provides outstanding RPVOT performance. However, the RPVOT value can be further increased by replacing 15% of the ISO VG 46 Group III oil with NA-LUBE KR-008, which increases the lifetime from 1339 to 1926 minutes. Modifying highly refined, non-polar base oils with NA-LUBE KR products offers many other benefits, including improved additive solubility, thermal stability, and seal swell properties, while having no significant adverse effects on other performance tests. Test results follow on the next page.


■ Boosting RPVOT Performance (Continued) 0.7% NA-LUBE BL-1208 99.3% ISO VG 46 Group III

0.7% NA-LUBE BL-1208 15% NA-LUBE KR-008 84.3% ISO VG 46 Group III

1339

1926

Pass

Pass

3 hours, 100°C

1b

1b

24 hours, 100°C

1b

1b

40-40-0

40-40-0

10

10

0.43

0.50

Copper Loss (mg/cm2)

0.00

0.00

TAN of Water Layer (mg KOH)

2.01

2.37

1b (dark)

1b (dark)

Viscosity Change, %

0.19

0.93

Acid Number Change (mg KOH/g)

0.00

0.00

2

2

Deposit (mg)

0.40

1.20

Metal Loss (mg)

0.30

0.20

5

5

Deposit (mg)

0.50

0.60

Metal Loss (mg)

0.40

0.10

Total Sludge (mg/100ml)

10.75

5.30

Whatman Precipitate

1.30

1.00

Millipore Precipitate

9.20

4.00

FORMULATIONS

Tests RPVOT (ASTM D 2272) Lifetime, minutes Steel Corrosion (ASTM D 665) Procedure B Copper Corrosion (ASTM D 130)

Demulsibility (ASTM D 1401) @ 54ºC Oil-Water-Emulsion, ml Time, minutes Four Ball Wear (ASTM D 4172), 1200 rpm 40 kgf, Ambient, 1 hour, Scar Diameter (mm) Hydrolytic Stability (ASTM D 2619)

Copper Appearance (ASTM D 130) CM Thermal Stability (ASTM D 2070)

Condition of Steel Rod: Color

Condition of Copper Rod: Color

Pages 9 & 10


Formulating With the NA-LUBE KR Series Gear Oil

■ Light Duty (Non-EP) Industrial Gear Oil A light duty industrial gear oil was formulated with 23% NA-LUBE KR-015 and 77% PAO (300 cSt @ 40°C). The resulting base oil was treated with an additive package detailed in the formulation to the right and subjected to testing as shown in the table below. As shown, the gear oil’s performance even exceeded the severe specifications of a number of industry requirements.

Tests

Additives* 0.30%

NA-LUBE AW-6310

1.05%

NA-LUBE AO-130

0.30%

NA-LUBE AO-242

0.09%

KX1112

0.06%

K-CORR NF-200

Gear Oil With KR-015 & Additives*

Steel Corrosion (ASTM D 665) Procedure B

Pass

Demulsibility (ASTM D 1401) @ 54ºC Oil-Water-Emulsion, ml

40-40-0

Time, minutes

20

FZG A/8.3/90 (ASTM D 5182, DIN 51 354 Part 2) Damage Load Stage

>12

Four Ball Wear (ASTM D 4172), 1500 rpm 30 kgf, 25°C, 1hour, Scar Diameter (mm)

0.40

RPVOT (ASTM D 2272) Lifetime, minutes

1525

Thermo-oxidative Stability (ASTM D 2893) 312 hrs @ 150°C Viscosity Increase, %

8.10%

Turbine Oil Sludge (ASTM D 4310) 1000-hour sludge (g)

0.139


Formulating With the NA-LUBE KR Series ■ NA-LUBE KR-015 vs. PAO In Lithium-12-OH Grease (NLGI #2)

Greases

Making greases with NA-LUBE KR’s has several advantages:

 Requires less thickener – reducing cost and improving low temperature properties  Provides superior thermal gravimetric analysis  Results in superior thermal-oxidative stability – PDSC liberates very small amounts of heat  Acts as a bridging solvent - reducing opaqueness  Acts as a highly effective dispersant – producing a smooth grease

Grease

PAO 10 (89%) Li-12-OH (11%)

KR-015 (93%) Li-12-OH (7%)

Color/Appearance

Tan

Amber/Transparent Smooth

P (0) P (60) P (10K) P (100K)

275 273 309 350

285 288 335 366

Oil Separation

4.1%

2.8%

Dropping Point

202°C

200°C

4.0 x 106 mPa.s

6.6 x 106 mPa.s

233°C

304°C

400 W/g after 3.7 min

5 W/g after 5.0 min

Viscosity @ 40°C TGA PDSC (500 psi O2, 210°C)

PAO Based

KR-015 Based

Pages 11 & 12


Formulating With the NA-LUBE KR Series ■ NA-LUBE KR-015 vs. PAO Heat Transfer Oil DSC results confirm that King’s alkylated naphthalenes impart a strong resistance to oxidation to less stable fluids. 

The addition of 22% KR-015 improves the Group II oil to the level of the PAO fluid or better.  For the Group II oil and for the PAO fluid, the temperature at which the exothermic reaction starts is about 240ºC.  The addition of the 22% KR-015 to the Group II oil increases the onset temperature of the exotherm to about 280ºC.

All oils contain 1.5% NA-LUBE AO-130 antioxidant and 0.1% K-CORR NF-200 yellow metal deactivator.   

The red solid line is PAO fluid. The black dash/dot line is Group II oil. The blue dashed line is Group II oil + 22% NA-LUBE KR-015.


King Industries - Lubricant Additives Division Additives for Industrial Lubricants & Greases NA-LUBE® EP 5000 Series - Extreme Pressure Additives A series of light-colored, low odor sulfurized olefins and sulfurized fatty acid esters for industrial and automotive lubricants, greases, and metalworking fluids. Additionally, NA-SUL® CA-300SX is a multifunctional EP/AW synergist that when combined with other NA-LUBE additives has been used to replace chlorinated paraffins in metalworking fluids.

NA-LUBE® AW 6000 Series - Antiwear Additives These additives are based on amine salts of alkyl phosphoric acids and dithiophosphoric acid derivatives. Some of these additives are formulated with other components, offering synergistic antiwear, extreme pressure, and rust and corrosion protection.

NA-LUBE® ADTC - Ashless Dithiocarbamate A multifunctional additive offering extreme pressure, antioxidant, and antiwear properties when used in industrial and automotive lubricants and greases.

NA-LUBE® AO Series - Antioxidants Phenolic and aminic antioxidants that are effective stabilizers for a broad range of industrial and automotive lubricants and greases. All products are ashless, non-corrosive, and offer excellent solubility in petroleum and synthetic base oils.

NA-SUL® Rust & Corrosion Inhibitors A broad range of high performance rust and corrosion inhibitors based upon dinonylnaphthalenesulfonic acid. They are supplied as metal or amine salts in a variety of liquid and solid diluents. Primary applications include industrial and automotive lubricants, greases, metalworking fluids, and a line of specialty of NASUL rust preventive additives.

K-CORR® Rust & Corrosion Inhibitors Non-sulfonate rust and corrosion inhibitors that are effective in a broad range of industrial and automotive lubricants, greases, and rust preventives. K-CORR inhibitors have demonstrated synergistic performance with select antiwear/extreme pressure additives.

Visit Us At: www.kingindustries.com USA/Headquarters:

CONTACT INFORMATION

King Industries, Inc., Science Road, Norwalk, CT 06852 (203) 866-5551  lad@kingindustries.com

Europe Technical Sales Office King International, Noordkade 64, 2741 EZ Waddinxveen, The Netherlands  +31-182-631360  info@kingintl.nl

Asia - Pacific Rim Technical Support Dr. Zhiqiang Alex He, 42 JLYY - Rich Mond Hill, Bo Ai 7th Road, Zhongshan, Guangdong, China 528403  +760-88229866  alex.he@kingindustries.com The conditions of your use and application of our products, technical assistance and information (whether verbal, written or by way of product evaluations), including any suggested formulations and recommendations, are beyond our control. Therefore, it is imperative that you test our products, technical assistance and information to determine to your own satisfaction whether they are suitable for your intended uses and applications. Such testing has not necessarily been done by King Industries, Inc. ("King"). The facts, recommendations and suggestions herein stated are believed to be reliable; however, no guaranty or warranty of their accuracy is made. EXCEPT AS STATED, THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS OR OTHERWISE. KING SHALL NOT BE HELD LIABLE FOR SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES. Any statement inconsistent herewith is not authorized and shall not bind King. Nothing herein shall be construed as a recommendation to use any product(s) in conflict with patents covering any material or its use. No license is implied or granted under the claims of any patent. Sales or use of all products are pursuant to Standard Terms and Conditions stated in King sales documents.

Pages 13 & 14


LAD-KRSeries-01/11


NA-LUBE KR Series