HISPANICS AND THE FUTURE OF HOUSTON FINDINGS FROM THE HOUSTON SURVEYS (1994-2014)
INTRODUCTION Thirty years ago, Houston was a biracial, Anglodominated southern city. Today, the Houston area is the single most ethnically diverse major metropolitan region in the country. The transformation has been driven largely by Hispanics, who now comprise more than 40 percent of Harris County’s population and who are generally less well prepared than their mostly Anglo predecessors to succeed in the new high-tech, knowledge-based, global economy. What are the characteristics of the Hispanic communities in Harris County? And how well are they succeeding as they seek to make their way in today’s economy? To address these questions, the Kinder Institute’s new report draws on findings from 21 years of surveys in Harris County.
The systematic telephone interviews have reached representative samples of 4,829 U.S.born Hispanics and 4,291 Hispanic immigrants, enabling an analysis of the differences among the immigrants by country of origin and by the length of time they have been living in the United States. The data also clarify the differences among U.S.-born Hispanics by whether they are part of the second generation (with at least one parent born outside the United States) or the third generation and beyond (with both parents born in America). Most of the results contained in this report stretch over time, sometimes looking back to just five years, other times aggregating all 21 annual surveys, always with an indication of whether responses to these questions have changed across the years.
Shared Prospects: Hispanics and the Future of Houston