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PERSPECTIVES PERSPECTIVE S ON A CITY IN

T RAN SI T IO N TRANSITION


FIGURE 1: THE OFFICIAL UNEMPLOYMENT RATES IN HARRIS COUNTY (FEBRUARY FIGURES, 1982–2015)

OFFICIAL UNEMPLOYMENT RATES

11.0

10.1

9.8

10.0

Official unemployment rates in Harris County

9.0

8.6 8.4

7.8

8.0

7.3

6.8

7.0

6.8

6.6 6.0

6.7

5.7

5.0

5.1

4.7

4.5

4.0

4.4

4.3 4.3

4.0

3.0 82

85

88

91

94

97

00

03

06

YEAR OF SURVEY Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Unemployment rates are not seasonally adjusted.

09

12

15


PERCENT GIVING POSITIVE RATINGS

FIGURE 2: POSITIVE RATINGS OF JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN THE HOUSTON AREA (1982–2015) 100

Percent rating job opportunities as “excellent” or “good”

90 80 70

71

69

68

60 50

43

48

42

40

35

41

30 20

25

10 0

58 60

58

11 82

85

88

91

94

97

00

03

06

09

12

15

YEAR OF SURVEY

FIGURE 3: THE BIGGEST PROBLEM FACING PEOPLE IN THE HOUSTON AREA TODAY (1982–2015) 80

71

PERCENT OF RESPONDENTS

70 60 50

Traffic Economy Crime

70

51

47

44

40 30

26

25

27

20 10 0

39

35

14

10 82

85

YEAR OF SURVEY

88

91

94

97

00

03

23 16 15

10 06

37

09

12

26

31

20

19

28 21

16

18 15


FIGURE 4: ASSESSMENTS OF TRAFFIC IN THE HOUSTON AREA, AND OF THREE POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS (2009–2015) 100 90 80 PERCENT OF RESPONDENTS

70 60

“Over the past three years, has traffic in the Houston area generally gotten better, gotten worse, or has it stayed about the same?” 65

59 53

2009

56

“Which of these proposals would be the best long-term solution to the traffic problems in the Houston area?”

2011

2013

2015

50

42 40 44 43

40

31 31

30

24

33 33

28 16 15

20

12

10 0

Worse

Same

27 26

21 23

27 27

6

Better

Highways

Urbanism

Transit

FIGURE 5: ASSESSMENTS OF CRIME, AIR POLLUTION AND OVERALL LIVING CONDITIONS IN THE HOUSTON AREA TODAY (2005–2015) “Very worried” that you or a member of your family will become the victim of a crime.

“Very concerned” about the effects of air pollution on your family’s health. 50%

33%

31%

05

07

09

11

13

42%

29%

15

05

07

09

11

13

36%

15

Living conditions in the Houston area have “gotten better.”

37%

05

34%

07

09

11

13

38%

15


FIGURE 6: ASSESSMENTS OF RACE AND ETHNIC RELATIONS IN THE HOUSTON AREA, BY ETHNICITY (1992–2015) 60%

Percent rating ethnic relations as “excellent” or “good” 48% 49% 38%

33%

27% 21%

35%

59%

56% 53% Anglos 46% 48% 45% Latinos 37% 36% 35%

27%

14%

10%

92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15

Blacks


FIGURE 7: ATTITUDES TOWARD IMMIGRANTS IN HARRIS COUNTY (2009–2015) Percent of respondents agreeing 90%

69% 54% 55%

83%

72% 64%

09

11

72% 52%

Admit the same number or more legal immigrants. 0%

71%

13

For: granting a path to legal citizenship. 15 09

10

11

12

13

14

60%

59%

47%

The new immigration mostly strengthens American culture. 15 09

11

13

15

© 2015 The 34th Annual Kinder Houston Area Survey

9


FIGURE 8: ETHNICITY AND EDUCATION IN THE THREE COUNTIES (ACS 2009–2013 FIVE-YEAR ESTIMATES) 100% 90%

8.0

19.8

80% 70%

41.4

23.9

40%

18.5

20% 10% 0%

80%

4.1

20.7 69.9

30%

90%

21.6

60% 50%

100%

4.4

Asians/Others

60%

Latinos

50%

Blacks

40%

32.1

30%

Harris Fort Bend Montgomery (N=4,255,830) (N=628,443) (N=485,225)

0%

9.9

Adults 25 years and older

21.3 27.9 Graduate or professional degree

26.7

29.5 28.0

23.7 17.9

20% 10%

14.4

18.7

70%

Anglos

35.6

10.3

20.8 Harris

Bachelor's degree Some college Associate's degree,

25.4

High school graduate Less than high school

11.8

14.0

Fort Bend

Montgomery


FIGURE 9: COUNTY DIFFERENCES IN BELIEFS ABOUT IMMIGRATION AND ETHNIC DIVERSITY (2015) Harris

100 90 80 70

Fort Bend 73

73

67

60

60

60

63 53

71

70

63

67

54

Montgomery

49

50

54 45

40 30 20 10 0

Admit more or about the same number of legal immigrants as in the last 10 years.

The increasing immigration into this country mostly strengthens American culture.

The increasing ethnic diversity brought about by immigration is a good thing.

Favor granting illegal immigrants in U.S. a path to legal citizenship.

Ratings of the relations among ethnic groups as either “good” or “excellent.”

© 2015 The 34th Annual Kinder Houston Area Survey

11


FIGURE 10: THE BIGGEST PROBLEM FACING PEOPLE IN THREE COUNTIES (2015) Harris

Fort Bend

Montgomery

8.0

11.4 28.1

24.6 16.8

13.0

20.9

14.8

Economy

Traffic

27.8

40.4

23.8

21.2

18.4

10.0

DK/RF

20.8

Crime

All other concerns

FIGURE 11: COUNTY DIFFERENCES IN THE PREFERENCE FOR “WALKABLE URBANISM” (2015) 100

Harris

90

Fort Bend

80

Montgomery

70 60 50 40

49 39

40

41

37

34

38

43

49

54 42

38

43

45

45

30 20 10 0

Prefer area with mix of developments, including homes, shops and restaurants.

Visited Houston’s urban amenities three or more times in the past year.

Percent who own a bicycle.

Percent wishing they could ride a bicycle more often.

Improving public transportation is the best solution to traffic problems.


FIGURE 12: POLITICAL PARTY AFFILIATION IN THE THREE COUNTIES (2015) 100% 90% 80%

32

41

70% 60%

53

23

50%

Republicans

18

40%

Independent/Other/DK 18

30% 20%

45

41 29

10% 0%

Democrats

Harris

Fort Bend

Montgomery

Š 2015 The 34th Annual Kinder Houston Area Survey

13


FIGURE 13: COUNTY DIFFERENCES IN PERSPECTIVES ON PUBLIC POLICY ISSUES (2015) 100

Harris

90

Fort Bend

80

Montgomery

70

62

60 50

75 66

45

50

47

40

40

37 28

30

31

56

30

20 10 0

Government is trying to do too much that should be left to individuals and businesses.

"Very concerned" about environmental issues in general.

Favor a law making it more difficult to obtain an abortion.

Favor the death penalty for persons convicted of murder.


FIGURE 14: ABORTION ATTITUDES IN HARRIS COUNTY (1999–2015) 100%

63%

61% 59%

0% 1999

58%

2001

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

2013

Opposed to “a law that would make it more difficult for a woman to obtain an abortion.” Believe that “abortion is morally wrong.”

2015

© 2015 The 34th Annual Kinder Houston Area Survey

15


FIGURE 15: THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THOSE WHO SUPPORT THE “RIGHT TO CHOOSE” AMONG THE ANTI-ABORTION RESPONDENTS (2015) 70 60

60 50

52

49

46

63

60

60

46

47

39

40 30 20 10 0

Male

Female

Less than $37,500

$37,500− $75,000

More than $75,000

Democrats

Independent

Republicans

Attended Did not attend religious religious services. services in the past month.


PERCENT OF RESPONDENTS

FIGURE 16: SUPPORT FOR GAY RIGHTS (1991–2015) 70

Favor: “Homosexuals being legally permitted to adopt children.”

60

Agree: “Marriages between homosexuals should be given the same legal status as heterosexual marriages.”

50

47 40

40 30

10

32

91

35

27

93

96

42

38

47 45

43

51

51

14

15

43

37

35

28

27

17

41

37

31

20

49

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13


FIGURE 17: SUPPORT FOR THE DEATH PENALTY (1993–2015) 80

75 66

70

PERCENT OF RESPONDENTS

60

62

67

58

66

57 56

50 40

34

41

32

39

30

30

28

The death penalty, and not life imprisonment, “should generally be the penalty for persons convicted of first-degree murder.”

10 0

37

Favor “the death penalty for persons convicted of murder.”

20

93

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

YEAR OF SURVEY

18

61

58 60

© 2015 The 34th Annual Kinder Houston Area Survey

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

15


THE NINE-COUNTY HOUSTON METROPOLITAN REGION 

HARRIS COUNTY AREA: 1,777 SQ. MI. POPULATION: 4,225,830

MONTGOMERY COUNTY AREA: 1,077 SQ. MI. POPULATION: 485,225

LIBERTY

AUSTIN WALLER CHAMBERS

GALVESTON

FORT BEND COUNTY AREA: 885 SQ. MI. POPULATION: 628,443

BRAZORIA

SOURCE: ACS 2013 (THREE–YEAR ESTIMATES), U.S. CENSUS BUREAU


Kinder Houston Area Survey 2015 Report  
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