Page 1

Towards an integrated approach of planning playgrounds Qualities & Guidelines Francis Vaningelgem Childhood & Society Research Center Brussels – Belgium www.k-s.be


Childhood & Society Research Center

Research

Public space,

on the perspectives & experiences of children

playgrounds, Childfriendly urban planning,

- Time experience of children - Traffic casualties - Care - Truancy - ‌.

- Consultation and participation processes - Studies on -play, playgrounds, -public space for children. -urban planning - Policy & plans for public space


Childhood & Society Research Center


Childhood & Society Research Center We have a small (or big) terrain left / what can we do with it?


Childhood & Society Research Center We need “guidelines ” for our playgrounds & public space (Brussels)


Childhood & Society Research Center An new park outside Gent / We want to let children participate in‌?


Childhood & Society Research Center

lack of play opportunities in a neighbourhood


Towards an integrated approach of planning playgrounds

Confronted with the demand for standards: -How many square meters play area should be provided for children in a city or a town? -How many equipment do we need? -How many playgrounds for each age group? -Measuring/monitoring/follow-up -Do we have enough‌..,

Must we admit to these trends?


Towards an integrated approach of planning playgrounds

Our philosophy : •

The answer to such questions is seldom absolute.

Standards are only the starting point for discussions.

To open a more nuanced thinking about play and the meaning of a space.

Children and qualitative public space are still the central elements. Qualities & Guidelines for qualitative playground planning


Towards an integrated approach of planning playgrounds Qualities & Guidelines for qualitative playground planning


Qualities & Guidelines


Qualities & Guidelines Think in terms of “networks” • Formal play areas • Informal play areas • Connections


Qualities & Guidelines Think in terms of “networks” • Formal play areas • Informal play areas • Connections

Make a playnetwork [plan] 1.Existing condition 2.Problems & opportunities 3.Desired state & actions


Qualities & Guidelines Integrate the perspective of children Step 1: Use/experience/Evaluation/Perspective/perception Step 2: Needs & wishes

! Interaction between Participation & design process ! Presence of politicians, designers, policy makers in participatory action


Qualities & Guidelines Work on A PROJECT With a “multidisciplinary team” youth sector urban planners sport district managers,… politicians,… Develop a “shared vision” on play and playgrounds


Qualities & Guidelines

About how play space is spread over a territory.

About the distance needed fot children and adults to reach a formal play area .


Qualities & Guidelines Work on a a customized system of different scales

e.a: Street / Neighborhood / District / Municipal /urban /Regional Each scale has other characteristics for implantion equipment surface and perimeter,‌. Give every playground a a desired scale level


Qualities & Guidelines Divide the territory in different areas Work with a well-considered division of the territory

+ bring barriers in place - speedregime - road categorization - subjective safety (eye level of children!) - other barriers (train, industry,‌) + some cities divide the territory in administrative areas + perception of children


Qualities & Guidelines Search for gabs in the offer/supply

Work with the reach of each playground

And/ or

Make a play network map and search for the structural problems


Qualities & Guidelines

The way in which a playground is embedded in its environment


Qualities & Guidelines

Cheklist for a better implantation


Qualities & Guidelines

An example [berlin] The play area is adjacent to existing slow road traffic.


Qualities & Guidelines

An example [berlin] Entrance is visually open way connected to Slow road traffic.


Qualities & Guidelines

An example [berlin] There is a good possibility of social control.


Qualities & Guidelines

An example [berlin] Proximity to habitation: fronts, rather than backs.


Qualities & Guidelines

An example [berlin] Buffering to surrounding habitation.


Qualities & Guidelines

An example [Delft] The site is adjacent to public facilities.


Qualities & Guidelines

Perception of children - Use a “Perception map”


Qualities & Guidelines


Qualities & Guidelines

Develop a play landscape, not a field with toys


Qualities & Guidelines

Make “A zoningplan” and discuss it with children, policymakers, residents - Good communication instrument, before choosing the equipment. -“Talk map / Discussion map”


Qualities & Guidelines

Differentiate between types of playgrounds


Qualities & Guidelines

The play area is completely sealed around. There is an entrance

the play area is partly closed

The play area has an open structure in different places

the play area is Integrated in landscape and provided with a natural buffer


Qualities & Guidelines

Legislation on playground safety


Towards an integrated approach of planning playgrounds Qualities & Guidelines for qualitative playground planning

- standards are only the starting point for discussions - to open a more nuanced thinking about play and the meaning of a space - children and qualitative public space are still the central elements


www.k-s.be

issuu.com/kindensamenleving

Francis Vaningelgem Childhood & Society Research Center Brussels – Belgium

Towards an integrated approach of playground planning  

Presenation Conference child in the city 2012 Zagreb

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you