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How Do You Get Insomnia? Learn More About This Common Sleep Disorder

Of the 70 million Americans that suffer from a sleep disorder, 50 percent of them suffer from occasional bouts of insomnia. Approximately one in 10 have chronic insomnia. If you have difficulty falling or staying asleep, you could be dealing with some type of insomnia. This sleep issue can affect your daytime energy and abilities, cause you to wake up too early, or simply have unrefreshing sleep. But how do you get insomnia? We take a look at some common causes of the popular sleep disorder.

Causes of Acute Insomnia Short-term insomnia might come or go - lasting one night to a few weeks. Typically, this kind of insomnia, known as acute insomnia, can be caused by the following: Stress, such as divorce, moving, death of a loved one, or even a positive source of stress like a new baby Any type of emotional or physical discomfort, such as environmental factors for the latter like light, noise, and extreme temperatures Prescription drugs like antidepressants, allergy medications, stimulants, and heart and blood pressure medications Some over-the-counter medications can cause sleepiness by way of caffeine (decongestants, weight loss products, pain medications) or due to urinary problems (antihistamines) Changes in sleep schedule, such as from jet lag/traveling or due to a switch from the day to the night shift


Click to add text There are other things that can cause you to have insomnia from time to time, such as a late-night meal or the consumption of caffeine, nicotine, or alcohol. Some of these causes can have a marked effect on your sleep schedule, lending to periodic bouts of acute insomnia. It is important to note that acute insomnia can turn into chronic insomnia. Some of the aforementioned causes, when left untreated in some form, can prolong and get worse (such as adding bad sleeping habits to the mix).

Causes of Chronic Insomnia When a person has insomnia for three nights a week over the course of a month or more, it is deemed to be chronic insomnia. Some of the most common causes of chronic insomnia are found on the previous list. Depression and/or anxiety along with chronic stress are quite common, as these items can certainly affect sleepers over a longer period of time. Other cases from above that simply extend over a month - such as prescription medications - can result in chronic insomnia. A range of medical conditions can lead to chronic insomnia as well. These can include asthma, arthritis, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, and a number of other conditions. Other sleep disorders can certainly cause chronic insomnia - such as sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome.


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