Page 1

03 Vol. VII

`mj-bn-eqsS

t{ijvT`mjmkacNn´IÄ

11

13 Ncn-{Xmt\zjWw

Xncps\Ãnbn D®nbmÀ¨bpsS _enXÀ¸Ww

Issue 12

Pq¬ 2013

(1188

CShwþanYp\w)

aebmf¯nse k¼qÀW amknI

ISSN 2319 - 4677 Kilippattu

04

kw`m-jWw

XakvIcn¡s¸Sp¶ cmaN{µ{]`mhw


Xp©³ kvamcI¯n \S¶ Ah[n¡me hnÚmt\mÂkh kam]\ NS§pIfpsS hnhn[ Zriy§Ä

tPm¬]p\emen\v IcpWkmbn ]pckvImcw

kmaqly{]kànbpÅ \nch[n Nn{X§fpsS cN\\nÀhln¨v \mep]Xnäm­pImew Nn{XIemcwKs¯ kakvXtaJeIfnepw {]mKÂ`yw sXfnbn¨ tPm¬]p\em IcpWkmbn ]pckvImc¯n\v AÀl\mbn. sU]yq«n kv]o¡À F³ ià³ ]pckvImcw \ÂIp¶p. sI hniz\mY³ kao]w.


Pq¬ 2013

1188

CShwþanYp\w

FUntämdnbÂ

aebmf¯n\v `mKy¡pdn Fgp¯Ñ³ Ct¸mgpw Nm¡n¯s¶

a

ebmfw t{ijvT `mjbmbn. tI{µkÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\hpambn. Xangv\m«n sNbvX Imcy§Ä At\zjn¡m³ GÀ ¸mSpambn. \ymbambpw tIcfXeØm\¯v `mjm]nXmhnsâ {]Xna Øm]n¡psa¶pw IcpXmw. Xangv\m«n t]mIp¶ kwLw XncphÅphcpsS {]Xna I­m AXv ChnsSbpw ]IÀ¯psa¶pd¸v. Xncph\´]pcs¯ tImhf t¯m iwJpapJt¯m AXn\pÅ Øew Is­¯pIbpw sN¿mw. F´mbmepw {]Xna D­m¡p¶Xn\pap¼v Øew \nÝbn¨v ]ckyw sN¿Ww. `mjm]nXmhns\{]XnjvTnç¶Xn FXnÀ¸pÅhcpt­m F¶v Dd¸m¡Ww. XncqÀ ap³ kn¸menänbn Xp©\p­mb KXntISv ChnsS D­mIcpXv. AXn\pap¼mbn cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nIfpsSbpw aX þ PmXn tae [y£³amcpsSbpw tbmKw hnfn¨v ]n´pW t\SWw. BNmcy³ hgnbm[mcamIcpXv.

Fgp¯Ñ³{]Xnasb F´p sN¿Ww? t{ijvT`mjbmIp¶ Cu thfbn t{ijvTXcamb Hcp IÀaw IqSn apJya{´n \nÀhln¡Ww. XncqÀ ap³kn¸menän tÌmÀ dqanse Nm¡psI«n \n¶v Xp©s¯gp¯Ñs\Xpd¶p hnSWw. ap³kn¸menän {]tZi¯v Øm]n¡m³ th­n \nÀan¨v FXnÀ¸paqew Nm¡n\pÅnemb BNmcy]mZsc tamNn¸n¡msX \S¯p¶ Hcp IÀahpw ^eh¯mIpIbnà Xs¶. ]©mb¯v a{´nbpw kmwkvImcnIhIp¸pa{´nbpw CXn\p ap³ssIsbSp¡Ww. BNmcys\FhnsSsb¦nepw Øm]n¡m³ Ignªnsæn BhiyapÅhÀ¡v kuP\yambn sImSp¡pI. XncqÀ Xp©³]d¼n AXn\pIgnªn sæn Xncph\´]pcs¯ Xp©³kvamcI¯n\p \ÂIpI. AhÀ GsäSp¡m³ X¿mdpamWv. t{ijvT`mjmtKmãnIÄ \qdptImSn In«pt¼mÄ F\ns¡{X? X\ns¡{X? \aps¡{X? Cu Nn´IÄ Nne ]WvUnX·mcpsSbpw s{]m^kd·mcp sSbpw Dd¡w sISp¯m³ XpS§nbn«p­v. ]Whpw {]ikvXnbpw t\Sm³ CXns\¡mfpw ]änb ImemhØ C\n hcm\n söv AhÀ IcpXp¶p. bp Un F^v `cn¡p¶XpsIm­v PmXnbpw aXhpw h¨v hnet]imw. cmjv{Sobt\Xm¡sfbpw a{´namscbpw apJw ImWn¡m³ ]WvUnX·mcpsS \o­ \ncXs¶ cwK¯nd§nbn«p­v. sk{I«dntbänse CS\mgn IfneqsS AhcpsS bm{X \ofpIbmWv. th­nh¶m kmapZmbnI t\Xm¡sf cwK¯nd¡m\pw ]eÀ¡pw ]cn]mSnbp ­pt]mepw. FÃmw t{ijvT`mjbm¡pt¼mÄ hoWpIn«p¶ "sN¼v' ssIhis¸Sp¯m\pff X{X¸mSmWv. ]ÞnX·mcÃm¯ ]mh§Ä CXn\v t{ijvT`mjmtKmãnIÄ Fì ]dªpXpS§nbn«p­v; ]qÀh]ÞnX·mÀ {]kn ²oIcn¨ imk\§Ä Ht«sd sXäpItfmsS ]IÀ¯n A¨Sn¨v {]tamj³ In«m³ th­n kaÀ¸n¨ kÀhIemimem ]ÞnXs\ æ«nIÄ "ZpÈmk\³' Fì hnfn¨pXpS§nb t]mse! `mjm C³Ìnäyq«nsâ tdmÄ \ap¡v Hcp `mjm C³Ìnäyq«p­v. Zim_vZ§fmbn B Øm]\w sN¿p¶ tkh\w kÀ¡mÀ IW¡nseSp¡msX t]mIp ¶Xp IjvSamWv. aebmf¯n kÀhIemime ]co£sbgpXm³ hnZymÀYnIsf klmbn¡pI F¶ al¯mb e£yw Gsd¡psd t\SnsbSp¡m³ C³Ìnäyq«n\v CXn\Iw Ignªn«p­v. kmlnXy A¡mZanbpw kmwkvImcnI Øm]\ §fpw aebmfkÀhIemimebpw `mjm kmlnXycwK¯p {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ k¶²kwLS\Ifpw C¡mcy¯n ssI tImÀ¯p]nSn¡Ww. aebmf ]WvUnX·mcpsS Hcp D]tZiI kanXnbmbncn¡Ww ]cn]mSnIÄ cq]IÂ]\sNt¿ ­Xv. IemImc·mscbpw kn\nam¡mscbpw hnhn[ taJeIfn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶hscbpw ChcpsS Iogn sIm­phcp IbmWv th­Xv. Npcp§nb]£w aebmfw sXäpIqSmsX FgpXm\pw hmbn¡m\padnbmhp¶ ]WvUnX·msc am{Xta D]tZiI kanXnbn DÄs¸Sp¯mhq. aebmfs¯ kwc£n¡m\pw hnIkn¸n¡m\pw Øm]n¨v Ct¸mÄ Ccp«n X¸n\S¡p¶ aebmfw kÀhIemimesb ]qÀWambn CXnsâ D¯chmZnXzw G¸n¡p¶Xv a­¯cambncn¡pw. Xangv\m«n GÀs¸Sp¯nb ]cnjvImc§Ä At\zjn¡m³ kwLs¯ Abbv¡p¶Xv \ÃXpXs¶. AhnsS \S¸m ¡nb Imcy§Ä AÀYh¯mwh®w th­ t`ZKXnItfmsS ChnsS \S¸nem¡m\mhiyamb BÀPhhpw XtâShpw aebmfn¡p­mIptam? AhnsS ]ÞnX·mêw kÀKmßIkmlnXyImc·msct¸mse BZcWobcmWv. ChnsStbm! PmXnbpw aXhpw t\m¡msX kÀ¡mcpIfpw Ahsc _lpam\n¡p¶p. aebmfw t{ijvT`mjbm¡pwap¼v Nm¡nÂsI«n h¨v Ct¸mgpw Cꫯn«ncnç¶ `mjm]nXmhns\ tamNn¸n¡m³ Bsc¦nepw cwK¯phcptam? XncqÀ ap³kn¸menän hsc sN¶m C§s\sbmcp Zpc´w \ap¡v t\cn«pImWmw. Sn Pn lcnIpamÀ


cI W kmvamcI c w ³ kv oIcW ²oI ©³ Xp© Xp knn² ]k {] kaanXn kn

Pq¬ 2013 CShwþanYp\w ]pkvXIw 7 / e¡w 12 1188

amknI

FUnäÀ : Sn- Pn -l-cn-Ip-amÀ ]{Xm[n]kanXn : tUm hn BÀ {]t_m[N{µ³\mbÀ (sNbÀam³), tUm Fw eoemhXn, kn cm[mIrjvW³, tUm tPmÀPv HmW¡qÀ, tUm Fw F³ ImctÈcn, s{]m^ Pn _meN{µ³, tUm sjmÀWqÀ ImÀ¯ntIb³, tUm ]n tkXp\mY³. BÀ«nÌv : tPm¬ ]p\em {]nânMv : Bcm[\ {]ntâgvkv, Xncph\´]pcw

lmkyw

`mj-bn-eqsS

03

t{ijvT`mjmkacNn´IÄ

35

t]cpw t]cnse s]cpabpw

tUm hn BÀ {]t_m-[-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

{ioPn¯v C \mWp

kw`m-jWw

A\pkvacWw

04

40 s{]m^ A¼-e-¸pg cma-hÀaþ tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nff cmPm {ioIp-amÀhÀa XakvIcn¡s¸Sp¶ cmaN{µ{]`mhw

26

tZhssNX\y§fpsS ...

Sn Pn lcnIpamÀ

kz´w teJ-I³

Infnsamgn 43

tUm ]n tkXp-\m-Y³

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09

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47

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tUm kn Pn cma-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

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amÀ¡änMv & FUntämdnb Hm^okv: Infn-¸m«v amknI, Xp©³kvam-cIw, sFcmWnap«w, aW¡mSv ]n.H., Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw- 9. t^m¬: 0471 2456575, 2457473. Website: www.thunchan.org E-mail: kilippattu@gmail.com


`mj-bn-eqsS tUm hn BÀ {]t_m-[-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

t{ijvT`mjmkacNn´IÄ

?

lnamwip, A¦amen

1. aebmf¯në t{ijvT`mjm]Zhn ip]mÀisNbvX hnZKv[kanXnbn se GI aebmfnbmb tUm Fw {io\mYs\þ ImkdtKmUv tI{µ kÀhIemimebnse `mjmimkv {Xhn`mKm[y£\mWt±lw. þ kw Øm\kÀ¡mÀ \ntbmKn¨ hnZKv[ kanXnbnse AwK§Ä \nc´cw AhKWn¨psIm­nê¶Xmbpw Gähpw HSphn apJya{´n {io D½³ Nm­n t\cn«nSs]«n«mWv At±ls¯¡qSn apJya{´nbpsS tNw_dn h¨v `mhn]cn]mSnIsf çdn¨p \S¶ BtemN\mtbmK ¯nteçt]mepw £Wn¨sXìw am[yaw XpS§nb ]{X§fnepw Sn hn Nm\epIfnepw \n¶v Adnbm³ Ignªp. Xm¦sft¸mepÅhÀ CsXmìw Adnbp¶ntÃ? AtXm Adnªn«pw a\¸qÀhw au\w ]men çIbmtWm?

hn BÀ ]n: X§fmWv aebmf ¯n\v t{ijvT]Zhn t\Sns¡mSp ¯sX¶ NneêsS AhImihmZw s]mfnbpsa¶ `bamWv Xs¶ Hgn hmç¶Xnë ]n¶nse¶ tUm {io \mYsâ hniZoIcWhpw Xangnë ¢mkn¡Â ]ZhnIn«nbt¸mÄ s¯m«v (2004 sk]väw_À 17) aebm f¯nëw B AwKoImcw thWw F¶v hnhn[ kwLS\IfnÂ\nì ­mb AhImihmZ§fpw apJy a{´n D½³ Nm­nbpsS t\XrXz

¯n sNep¯nb cm{ãob k½À Z¯nsâ hnPb]cykm\hpsams¡ ¡qSn am[yaw F¶ ]{X¯nse hmÀ¯bneqsSXs¶ tUm {io\m Y³ hyàam¡nbXpw {i²n¡m\nS bmbn. CXnt\mSp _Ôs¸«hscÃmw F\nç Nnc]cnNnXcmIbm am{X amWv au\wXs¶ \¶v Fìh¨Xv. P\I·mtcdptaXp Pb¯nìw F¶ IhnhmIyhpw FhnsSsb ¦nepw Hê æªp ]nd¶m "AXp R½fm' F¶hImis¸Sp¶, tIc fobÀç \¶mbdnbmhp¶ IYm]m {Xs¯bpw HmÀ¡mw Fì am{Xw. ? 2. tUm ]pXptÈcn cmaN{µ³ {]knsUâpw tUm \Sph«w tKm]m eIrjvW³, tUm Fw cma F¶nhÀ AwK§fpambn kwØm\kÀ¡mÀ \ntbmKn¨ kanXn kaÀ¸n¨ NXpÀ hmeydnt¸mÀ«p ]cnKWn¨v tI{µ ¯nse hnZKv [ kanXn aebmf ¯në ¢mkn¡Â ]Zhn ip]mÀi sNbvXXnë t]mepw BXy´nI ambn tUm hn sF kp{_ÒWy t¯mSmWv \mw ISs¸«ncnç¶Xv Fì tUm ]pXptÈcn tIcfkÀh Iemimem `mjmimkv { Xhn`mK ¯n tUm BÀ C BjdpsS km ¶n[y¯n tabv 27þmw XobXn \S¶ Hê tbmK¯n {]kvXmhn¨ Xmbn amXr`qan ]{X¯n hmbn¨p. Chcn `mjmimkv{X¯nsâ DÄ ¡mgvNtbmsS aebmfs¯¸än au

enIambn hà ]T\hpw {]kn²oI cn¨hÀ BcmWv? tUm hn sF Fkv BWv ]e] Xnäm­pIÄ `mjmimkv{Xhn`mK ¯n aebmf`mjmNcn{Xw aämÀ çw hn«psImSp¡msX ]Tn¸n¨p sIm­nê¶sXì tI«n«p­v. ae bmfs¯¸än At±l¯nsâ auen Iamb Hê {]kn²oIcWhpw I­n «nÃ. tUm cma I¶U A[ym]I\m bnêì F¦nepw aebmf`mjm t_m[\s¯çdn¨pÅ ]n F¨v Un {]_Ô§Äçw aäpw amÀKZÀin bmbnêìht{X! kz´w `mj sa\s¡«nêì ]Tn ¡msX aäphÃhscbpw aebmf s¯çdn¨v "B[nImcnIambn' A`n {]mbs¸Sm³ AëhZn¨v Ahsc Xebnteän\Sç¶ Hê A]lm kyioew aebmfn¡ÃmsX aäp hà `mj¡mÀçw I­n«pt­m? Iq« ¯n tNmZn¡s«, B NXpÀhmey dnt¸mÀ«v FhnsS hmbn¡m³ In«pw? hn BÀ ]n: Cu coXn aebmfn bpsS A\\zbkhntijXbmWv. aebmfw Xangnsâ ]p{Xntbm ktlmZcntbm? ktlmZcnsb¦n tN¨ntbm A\nb¯ntbm? Fìw aäpambnêì aebmfw Fw G ]co£ípw ]XnhpÅ tNmZy§Ä. C¡me¯v AXp amdntbm Ft´m! B dnt¸mÀ«v Rm³ I­n«nÃ; ]caclkyambnêì F¶mWdnhv. C\nsb¦nepw AsXmì {]kn²o Icn¨pIs­¦n F¶minçì.

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

3


kw`m-jWw Sn Pn lcnIpamÀ

tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nff

XakvIcn¡s¸Sp¶ cmaN{µ{]`mhw

\n

ehnepff kmlnXy]T\ coXn¡v kaqeamb amäw \nÀtZin¨psIm­v 1985  {]kn²o IrXamb "kmlnXy ]p\chtemI \w' F¶ {KÙw A[nIamcpw NÀ¨ sN¿msX t]mbn. ]T\\nco£W §fnse Bß\njvTX ]camh[n Hgnhm¡ns¡m­v hkvXp\njvT] T\w \St¯­Xnsâ {]m[m\yw Nq ­n¡m«nb anI¨ {KÙambncp¶p CXv. "tIm«apffwK\m NnÃnhnÃpw apet¡m«bpw sIm­p t]mÀ sXm Sp¶' \mcoP\§fpsS \navt\m¶X `mK§fn am{Xw Hcp PohnXw apgph³ \nban¨p \nÀ¯nb Nne ]gb aWn{]hmfIhnIÄ \½psS kmwkvImcnI PohnX¯n\p hcp ¯nh¨ If¦w sNdpsXm¶paÃ. AXn\nSbnepw iàamb a\Êm ¶n[yt¯msS AN©eambn km ·mÀKnIt_m[hpw ]paÀY NXpjv Sb¯nsâ AP¿Xbpw DÂtLmjn ¨psIm­v \½psS kmwkvImcnI PohnXs¯ kÂ]Y¯nte¡v \bn ¨ kap¶Xcmb IhnIÄ \ap¡p ­mbncp¶p. AhcpsS kw`mh\I sf¸änbpw AhbpsS kmwkvImcnI aqeys¯¸änbpw hkvXp\njvTambn hniIe\w sN¿p¶ ]T\§Ä \ap ¡v e`n¨n«nsö bmYmÀYyw tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nff "kmlnXy]p \chtemI\'¯neqsS Nq­n¡m «p¶p.

bmsW¶v `mcXobÀ Dd¨p hnizkn ¡p¶p. PohnX¯n kZmNmct_m [hpw km·mÀKnIt_m[hpw h¨p ]peÀ¯m³ `mcXob P\X X¿m dmbn h¶Xnsâ ImcWhpw asäm¶ söv kmlnXy]p\chtemI\Im c³ hniZam¡p¶p.

kmlnXy¯nsâ e£yw "]mcn\pffSn¯«p ]mÀ¯p I­ dnª' `mcX JWvU¯nse ]qÀh cmb Ejo{µ·mÀ PohnX¯nsâ ]c aamb e£yw tam£{]m]vXnbm sW¶p hnizkn¨ncp¶p. tam£{]m ]vXnbnte¡pff ]ShpIfmWv [À amÀYImatam£§Ä. ]pcpjmÀY §sf¶p hntijn¸n¡p¶Xv Ch sbbmWv. PohnX kmbpPy¯n \pff GIamÀKw ]pcpjmÀYkn²n

hnt\mZ¯n\pw Imak¼qÀ¯n ¡pw th­nbmtWm kmlnXyw ]pcpjmÀY§Ä th­, ]pcpjm ÀYw aXn, AXp ImaamWv, AXm thmfw A\p`hn¡pI, BkzZn¡p I, AXn ]qÀWambpw hnebw {]m ]n¡pI, AXpam{Xat{X PohnXw, AXnep]cn acWm\´c PohnXtam ]p\ÀP·tam H¶panà F¶v AhÀ kz´w a\ÊpIsf hnizkn¸n¡m³ {ian¨v PohnX¯nÂ\n¶pw ]emb

4

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nff

\w sN¿m³ X¿mdmhpIbmé­m bXv. Eat, drink and be merry! F¶ F¸nIyqdnb³ PohnXho£W¯n sâ sshXmfnI·mcmbn, ""F´ph ¶mepsa\n¡mkzZn¡Ww ap´ncn ¨mdpt]mepsffmco PohnXw'' F¶p ]dªp\S¡m³t]mepw Ahcn NneÀ X¿mdmbn. aebmf kmlnXy ¯nsâ Imcyw am{XaÃnXv. hnt\mZ ¯n\pw Imak¼qÀ¯n¡pwth­n am{Xw kmlnXycN\ \S¯nbncp¶ Fgp¯pImsc aäp `mcXob kmln Xy§fnepw \ap¡v ImWm³ Ignbpw. A]Izamb KthjWw sXfnhpIÄ tXSn¸nSn¨v AhbpsS ASnØm\¯n \nKa\§fn F ¯nt¨cp¶Xn\p ]Icw BZyw \nK a\¯nse¯nt¨cpIbpw ]n¶oSv


kw`m-jWw B \nKa\§Ä¡v A\ptbmPy amb hn[¯n sXfnhpIÄ D­m ¡m³ {ian¡pIbpamWv ]e {]mam WnI]WvUnX³amcpw sNbvXn«p ÅXv. ]t£ A]Izhpw _menihp amb kn²m´§Ä BhnjvIcn¨p Xr]vXnbSbmt\ Chcn ]eÀ¡pw Ignªn«pÅqsh¶pw Sn Pn Is­ ¯p¶p. ""Hcp thf ]g¡tadnbmencpfpw sasà shfn¨ambv hcmw'' F¶ a«n ]pXnb kn²m´§Ä Bhn jvIcn¨v {ItaW Øm]ns¨Sp¡m³ {ianç¶ hn`mKs¯bpw Cu {KÙ ¯n IW¡n\v Ifnbm¡nbn«p­v. C¯c¯nepÅ tNcnXncnbepw ]£]mXat\m`mhhpw ImcWw \½psS kmlnXy\mbI³amsc¡p dn¨v C¶p \nehnencn¡p¶ A`n {]mb§fn ]eXpw ]ckv]chncp ²hpw bpànclnXhpamsW¶v Is­¯mw. AXpaqew \½psS ]gb Ihoizc³amsc¡pdn¨v XnI ¨pw kXykÔamb hnhc§Ä e`yaÃ. alm\p`mh³amcmb Ah cpsS kmlnXykw`mh\Isf¸än hkv X p\njv T ambn a\Ênem¡n thWw \½psS kmwkvImcnI ss] XrIs¯ hnebncp¯m³. A¯c ¯nepÅ Hcp kmlnXymt\zjW bÚ¯nembncn¡Ww \½psS ]WvUnX³amcpsS ASnb´c{i² ]XnbpI.

tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nÅbpw `mcy kn ]ßIpamcnbpw

kmlnXytemIw I®S¡p¶p 1985  ]pd¯nd§nb kmlnXy]p \chtemI\¯n tUm cmaN{µ³ ]nÅ DbÀ¯nb tNmZy§fnÂ\n¶v \½psS kmlnXytemIw C¶pw apJw Xncnªp \n¡pIbmWv. thZhymk\pw hmÂaoInbpw `mk \pw ImfnZmk\pw `h`qXnbpsaÃmw \ap¡p]cnNbs¸Sp¯n¯¶ aÀ XyPohnX¯nsâ kz`mhw F´m

A[ym]I³ F¶ \nebnepw Fgp¯pImc³ F¶ \nebnepw tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nffsb Adnbm¯hcmbn BcpanÃ. At±l¯nsâ cN\IÄ kmlnXytemIw F{XI­v KuchamsbSp¯v NÀ¨sNbvXn«ps­¶v ]d bpI h¿. "]WvUnX³' F¶ hm¡n\v aqeytimjWw kw`hn¨psIm­ncn ¡p¶ C¡me¯v hr²\mbm ]WvUnX\mIpsa¶ [mcW s]mXpth AwKoIcn¡s¸«ncn¡bmWv. aebmfw H¶mw `mjbmbn. aebmfw t{ijvT `mjbmbn. aebmf¯n\p kÀhIemimebpw h¶p. F¶m aebmfw sXäpIqSmsX FgpXm\pw kwkmcn¡phm\pw Adnbp¶ F{Xt]À C¶s¯ "]WvUnX'·mcpsS Iq« ¯nep­v? ]IÀs¯gp¯pw kmlnXytNmcWhpw \nXysXmgnem¡nb ]WvUnX·msc Xncn¨dnbm³ A[nImcnIÄ¡v IgnbmsX t]mIp¶Xn hnjaap­v. DZWvUimkv{XnIsft¸mse "]emb[zw' ]mSn\S¡p¶ C¡q «À thZnIÄ Ae¦cn¡m³ Ignbp¶ BIÀjI hkvXp¡Ä F¶Xnep]cn `mjbv¡pw kmlnXy¯n\pw Hcp kw`mh\bpw \ÂIm³ Ignbm¯hcm sW¶ Xncn¨dnhv D­mIWw. ChcpsS krjvSnIÄ ]eXpw A]qÀWhpw A_²]©mwK§fpamWv. almIhn DffqÀ, tIcfhÀa henbtImbn¯¼pcm³, F BÀ cmPcmP hÀa, kmlnXy ]©m\\³ tUm ]n sI \mcmbW]nff, tUm iqc\mSv Ipª³]nff, tUm ]n sI \mcmbW]nff, tUm hn BÀ {]t_m[N{µ³ \mbÀ XpS§nb alm]WvUnX·mcpsS t{iWnbn DÄs¸Sp¯m³ ]pXnb XeapdbpsS {]Xn\n[nbmbn tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nffbp­v. aebmfs¯ t{ijvT`mjbm¡m³ {]XnÚm_²amb kÀ¡mÀ {]Xn\n[nIÄ¡v Xncn ¨dnhnsâ an¶em«w D­mbm aebmfnbpw aebmfhpw c£s¸Spw. tUm cmaN{µ³ ]nffbpsS IrXnIfnte¡v PohnXm\p`h§fnte¡v shfn¨whnip¶ A`napJw c­p e¡§fnembn {]kn²oIcn¡p¶p.

sW¶p a\Ênem¡p¶ Imcy¯n DZmko\X ]peÀ¯p¶hsc¸än F´p]dbm³! NocmaIhnbpw "cmaNcnX'hpw \ap¡p\ÂInb ]mc¼cy¯nsâ DZm¯Xbpw Cu {KÙ¯n hy àam¡nbn«p­v. IqSmsX s]cn s©Ãqcnsâ {]m[m\yw, tIcfhÀ abpw aebmfkmlnXyhpw, aebmf kmlnXy¯nse cmaIYm kmln Xn, AjvSao{]_Ôw, ]uckvXy kmlnXyhnaÀi\w þ {InkvXz_vZw hsc, D®n¨ncptXho NcnXw, kXy ZÀi\¯nsâ alm`mjyw, `mal sâ Imhyme¦mcw, cmaN{µhn emkw þ BZys¯ P\Iob alm Imhyw, aebmf hnaÀi\¯nsâ Ncn{X]Ým¯ew F¶o {]uV{] _Ô§fpw kmlnXy]p\chtem I\¯nsâ s\SpwXqWpIfmbn \n¡p¶p­v. D±Wv U imkv { XnIfpsS ]n·pd ¡mÀ ""]emb[zw ]emb[zw tctc Zpjv Ihn IpRvPcmx thZm´h\ k©m colymbmXypZWvUtIkco'' F¶p KÀPn¨psIm­v Xsâ kaImenI cmb IhnIsf apgph³ B«ntbm Sn¨ DZWvU imkv{XnIfpsS ]n·p d¡mÀ C¶v aebmf ImhytemIw AS¡n`cn¡pIbmWv. hmb\¡m À¡v £WnIckw {]Zm\w sN¿pI F¶Xà IhnXbpsS [Àaw. Xm ImenI kmlNcy§fn hmb\ ¡msc {]tIm]n¸n¡m³ Ignhpff IrXnIÄ cNn¡p¶hcà bYmÀY IhnIÄ. D¯aIhnX kXyZÀi\

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

5


kw`m-jWw

¯nsâ alm`mjyambncn¡Ww. C¯cw {]Jym]nX e£y§fn ASnbpd¨p \n¶psIm­mWv tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nff ImhytemI t¯¡v Xsâ hnaÀi\civanIÄ ]mbn¡p¶Xv. At±l¯nsâ BZy IhnXm {KÙamb "Nn´m`mcXn' Cu XXz§Ä ASnhcbn«v Dd¸n ¡p¶p. ssIcfnbnse ssIcfo]qP Xncph\´]pc¯v BäpImen "ssIcfn' F¶p t]cpÅ hkXn bn tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nÅ aebmfs¯ kvt\ln¨pw "`mjm] WvUnX'³amcpsS C¶s¯ t]m ¡n hyk\n¨pw Fgp¯n kZm hym]rX\mWv. A[ym]I³, `mjm ]WvUnX³, KthjI³, hnaÀi I³, hymJymXmhv F¶o \neIfn At±l¯nsâ {]hÀ¯\w \ofp ¶p. H³]XpIrXnIfn F«pw hn Úm\kmlnXyimJbv¡p kz´w. "Nn´m`mcXn'bpsS {]km[\t¯m sS IhnXmcwK¯pw kPohkm¶n [yambn amdpIbmWv. \njv]£hpw hkvXp\njvThpw At\zjWmßI hpamb ImhykcWn ]pjvSns¸tS ­Xv aebmfs¯ kw_Ôn¨nS t¯mfw ImeL«¯nsâ Bhiyw IqSnbmWv. [\w hybw sN¿p¶ Xn ]peÀ¯p¶ hnthN\w `mjm hn\nab¯nepw ImWnt¡­Xp­v. IhnXbn Cu coXn Ahew_n¡p t¼mÄ sshNmcnImwi¯n\p {]map Jyw e`n¡pw. At\zjWmßIamb

6

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

krjv S nIfpsS BhnÀ`mh¯n\v AXp hgnhbv¡pIbpw sN¿pw. C ¯cw Dd¨ hnizmk§fmWv "Nn´m `mcXn'bpsS BhnÀ`mh¯n\v hgn sXfn¨Xv. kmlnXycN\Ifn {] tNmZ\ambn ap³ A[ym]nIIqSn bmb `mcy kn ]ßIpamcn H¸ap­v. aI³ BÀ kp[ojvN{µ\pw aIÄ ]n \oXbpw hnhmlnXcmWv. Pn hn lcnbpw tUm hnt\mZn\nbpw acpa ¡Ä. ]Xn\mep kÀ¡mÀtImsfPp Ifnepw kwkvIrX kÀhIemime bnepambn eIvNdÀ þ s{]m^kÀ þ {]n³kn¸Â -XkvXnIIfn 32 hÀ js¯ tkh\w.tImsfPv hnZym `ymk sU]yq«n UbdIvSdmbn sIm ïpw sU]yq«n UbdIvSÀ þ AUo jW UbdIvSÀ Øm\§fn Xncph\´]pc¯pw {]hÀ¯n¨n «p­v. 2001 Pq¬ 30 \v hncan¨p. dnkÀ¨v ssKUv, ]mT]pkvXI I½nän A[y£³, Fw F, ]n F¨v Un ]co£mt_mÀUpIfpsS A[y £³, A[ym]I skeIv j ³ I½nän hnZKv[mwKw XpS§n ]e taJeIfn {]hÀ¯\]cnNbw. anI¨ A[ym]I³ F¶ \ne bn k¼¶amb Hcp injyhrµw cmaN{µ³]nÅíp­v. Hmtcm Fgp ¯pImcs\bpw ¢mkpapdnIfn ]cnNbs¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ cmaN{µsâ [njWm]mShw icn¡pw ]pd¯p hcpw. kmlnXytaJebv¡v AhÀ \ÂInb kw`mh\IfpsS ASnØm \¯nembncn¡pw Ahsc AhXcn ¸n¡p¶Xv. t{imXm¡fmb hnZymÀ

YnIÄ¡v AsXmcp A\p`ham bncn¡pw. ¢mkpapdnIfnse \mep NphcpIÄ¡pw ]pdt¯s¡mgpIn sb¯p¶ At±l¯nsâ hmKvt[m cWn aäp hnjb§Ä ]Tn¡p¶ Ip«nIsfbpw BIÀjn¨ncp¶p. Xncph\´]pcw bqWnthgv k nän tImsfPn Sn Pn bpsS IhnXm]T\ ¢mkpIÄ Gsd NÀ¨mhnjbambn cp¶p. ImeSn kwkvIrX kÀhI emimebpsS BZys¯ ]n F¨v Un DÄs¸sS A©v KthjW{]_Ô §fpsS amÀKZÀinbmWv tUm ]nÅ. Fgp¯nsâ hgnbn tI{µ kÀ¡mcnsâ ko\nbÀ s^tÃmjn ¸pw At±ls¯ tXSnsb¯n. s]mXpcwK¯v Fgp¯pw hmb\bpw A[ym]\hp ambn HXp§n¡gnªIme¯v kmw kvImcnIcwK¯v kPohamIm\pw tUm Sn Pn {i²n¨ncp¶p. tUm iqc \mSv Ipª³]nÅbpw almIhn Fw ]n A¸\psam¶n¨v sFcmWn ap«w Xp©³ kvamcI kanXnbpsS kmlnXy {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v At± lw t\XrXzw \ÂIn. Ccp]XphÀ j¡mew DuÀPkzeambn Cu cw K¯p XpScm\pw Sn Pn ¡p Ignªp. kmwkvImcnIbm{XIÄ, ]cyS\§ Ä, knt¼mknb§Ä F¶nh kw LSn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw kmlnXy thZn iàns¸Sp¯p¶Xnepw \nÀWmb I{]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¯n. Xp©³ kvamcI¯nsâ hnZymcw`thZnbn BNmcy\mbn \nch[n Ipªp§


kw`m-jWw Ä¡v BZym£cw sNmÃns¡mSp ¯p. C¶pw At±l¯nsâ amÀKZÀ i\§Ä Cu {]Øm\¯n\v apX ¡q«pXs¶. "Nn´m`mcXn' þ Hcp thdn« Imhym \p`hw Hcp kmlnXy hnaÀiI³ IhnbpsS tae¦nbWnbpt¼mÄ Xm³ k©cn t¡­ Imhy]Ys¯¸än ap³Iq«n Hcp [mcW D­m¡nbncn¡Ww. A¯cw Hcp hnizmk¯nsâ ASn ¯d iàam¡ns¡m­pXs¶ bmWv Sn Pn Xsâ Imhyk]cybv¡v Bcw`w Ipdn¡p¶Xv. "Nn´m`mc Xn'bnepS\ofw CXn\p ZrjvSm´ §Ä \nch[n. IhnXsb t\ct¼m ¡n\pff D]m[nbmbn At±lw ImWp¶nÃ. \nehnepff Imhy kn²m´§fn \n¶v DuÀPw DÄ s¡mffp¶psh¦nepw thdn« Hcp ]mXbneqsS k©cn¡m\mWv hy{KX Im«p¶Xv. "IhnX A\nb {´nXamb Hcp hnImc¯nsâ Ihn sªmgpIemWv, IhnX hnImc X ffn¨bp­mIp¶ {]hmlamWv' F s¶ms¡bpff ]mc¼cy XXz§Ä Nn´m`mcXnbn \n¶I¶p \n ¡p¶p. hnImcs¯¡mÄ hnNmc ¯nsâ hgnbneqsS k©cn¡m \mWv Sn Pn Gsd CjvSs¸Sp¶Xv. \¼ymcpsS ssien kmaqlyhnaÀi\¯n\v {]mapJyw \ÂInbn«pff "Nn´m`mcXn'bnse `qcn`mKw IhnXIfpw \¼ymÀ¡p tijw aebmf IhnXbn Im Wm³ Ignª hnaÀi¯nsâ Iqc ¼pIfmWv. "Xohmcnb XnhmcnbpsS' IY ]dbp¶ "cmjv{Stkh' F¶ IhnX sNdpsX¦nepw F³ Un Xn hmcnsb¶ cmjv{Sob t\Xmhnsâ lrZb¯nemgv¯p¶ `ojvamkv{X §fmWv. ""In«m¡\n¡mbv s\t«m«w aXnbm¡q ]nXmalm am\lm\n hcp¯ntà am\n\o tkh? HmÀ¡phn³'' F¶ D]tZiw \ÂIp¶tXm sSm¸w \Àa¯n s]mXnª ]cn lmk ic§Ä GÂ]n¡m\pw Ihn ad¡p¶nÃ. ""AioXn IgnªntÃ? A¿t¿ \mWt¡Sv!'' F¶p ]cnl kn¡pt¼mÄ hr²³amcpsS Ima ¡q¯ns\bmWv Ihn ImWp¶Xv. kqcn\¼qXncn¸mSnsâ {]Xncq] §Ä C¶pw \½psS kaql¯n \s½ \bn¡p¶hcpsS Iq«¯n hnekp¶ps­¶ kXyw Xpd¶p Im«pIbmWv. ""`mcXnbnepw cXn, ]cXnt\m¡pw aXn, AchpNpäpw

* * * * * * * * *

tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nffbpsS IrXnIÄ \oeIWvTIhnbpw At±l¯nsâ `mjm N¼pIfpw þ Hcp ]T\w. (kmlnXyKthjWw) kmlnXy]p\chtemI\w (teJ\§Ä) \mcmbWobw `mjm N¼p (hymJym\w) ]uckvXy kmlnXy aoamwkþ Ncn{Xhpw ho£Whpw (teJ\w) XmcXay kmlnXy kao£ (teJ\w) Iwkh[w `mjm N¼p (]T\w) \oeIWvTIhnbpsS k¼qÀWIrXnIÄ (]T\w, hymJym\w) kmlnXyKthjWw þ aebmf¯n (]T\w) Nn´m`mcXn (IhnX)

{ipXn, Acn Acn In¶cn'' F¶ heb IhnX {it²bamWv. Ihoizc{]Wmaw aebmfw kÀhIemimebpsS cq]o IcWw t{ijvT`mjbm¡m³ th ­n\S¶ hmZtImemle§Ä F ¶nh Ihnsb Nn´m[o\\m¡p¶p. t{ijvT`mjm]Zhnbn \n¶p ]¦p ]äm³ {ian¡p¶htcmSpw AÀlX bnÃm¯hÀ¡v ]¦p \ÂIm³ {ian ¡p¶htcmSpw Ihn¡p {]Xntj[

ap­v . t{ijv T `mjbmIp¶Xn\p ap¼v ssIs¡m­ ]e \S]SnIfpw `mjsb t\Àhgn¡p \bn¡m³ D] Icn¡nà F¶t±lw Is­¯p¶p. AXpsIm­pXs¶bmWv Ihoizc {]Wmaw F¶ IhnXbn Nocma Ihn apX B[p\nI IhnIÄhsc bpÅhÀ¡v At±lw {]WmaaÀ]n ¡p¶Xv. ]t£ AsXmtSm¸w tNÀ ¯n«pÅ heb IhnXbn "Fsâ `mj ]Tn¨n«p amXr`mj ]Tn¡Ww' F¶t±lw DÂt_m[n¸n¡p¶p.

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

7


kw`m-jWw Cu IhnXbn Hfnªncn¡p¶ Iaâ v `mjm]WvUnXÀ Naªp \S¡p¶ IÅ\mWb§Ä¡v t\tcbpÅXmWv . amXr`mjsb t{ijvT`mjbm¡m³ \r¯w sN¿p ¶h\pw sN¿n¡p¶h\pw kn\nam ¡mc\pw \mSI¡mc\pw H¯ptN cp¶Xp ImWpt¼mÄ kt´mjw tXm¶p¶p. ChÀ¡p­mb `mjmkv t\lw £WnIamsW¦nepw AXv ]camh[n {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯m³ {ian¡p¶Xv \¶v. ]t£ þ t{ijvT `mjbmbn aebmfs¯ DbÀ¯p¶ ]²XnIÄ BhnjvIcnt¡­Xpw AXn\p t\XrXzw hlnt¡­Xpw `mjbpsSbpw kmlnXy¯nsâbpw DÅdnbp¶hÀXs¶ thWsa¶ kqN\ Cu heb IhnXbneqsS e`n¡p¶p­v. "Fsâ `mj' F¶ hÅt¯mfnsâ IhnX ]Tn¨n«v amXr`mj ]Tn¡Wsa¶ \nÀtZiw I]S`mjmkvt\lnIfpsS htNmSm ]¯n\p t\scbpÅ knwlKÀP\ amWv. XmcXaykmlnXy¯n\v Hcp {]uV{KÙw XmcXaykmlnXyw kÀhIemime Xe¯n ]T\ hnjbambt¸mÄ B[nImcnI{KÙ§fpsS A`mhw hnZymÀYnIÄ D­m¡nb Bi¦

NnÃdsbm¶pambncp¶nÃ. Fw F ¢mkpIfn Cu hnjbw ]Tn¸nt¡ ­sX§s\sb¶v A[ym]Icpw GXp Xc¯nepÅ kao]\amWv th­sX¶v hnZymÀYnIfpw Nn´m ¡pg¸¯nembncp¶ ImeL«¯n emWv Sn Pn cmaN{µ³ ]nÅbpsS "XmcXaykmlnXykao£'(1987) {]kn²oIrXamIp¶Xv. XmcXay kmlnXyimJbpsS Ncn{X]Ým ¯ew, XmcXay]T\¯nsâ {]k àn, ]T\kma{KnIÄ, XmcXayk ao]\wþ kmlnXy KthjW¯nÂ, XmcXaym[njvTnX kmlnXyhnaÀ iw, XmcXay]T\amXrIIÄ, Ihn XmXmcXay]T\w, hymJym\§fpw \ncq]W§fpw, hnhÀ¯\hpw Xmc Xay]T\hpw, CXnlmk t\mhep IÄ, XmcXaykmlnXy¯nsâ ]T \taJeIÄ F¶o A[ymb§fn embn At±lw hnhcn¡p¶Xv, alm ZmÀi\nI\mb cho{µ\mYSmtKmÀ Nq­n¡m«nb XnI¨pw `mcXob amb BibamWv XmcXaykmln Xy¯nsâ ASn¯d F¶ kXy s¯bmWv. "temIta XdhmSv'F¶p Is­¯m\pÅ lrZbhnimeX Hcp hniza\Ênsâ DSabv¡p­mbn cn¡pw. A¯c¯nepÅ Hcp a\Êv Nnc´\amb km[\bneqsS am{X ta kzmb¯amIbpÅq. Cu {_Òm

cmaN{µ³]nffbpsS BNmcyhµ\w "F¶n'eqsS "F¶n'se"¨nÃp'S¨tÃm Xp©s¯ "`mKyXmcIw'. Fgpt¯me; Fgp¯mWn Fgp¯mim\p hµ\w. Fgpt¯mebnsegp¯Ñ³ tImdn Cs«mcp hmMvabw Infn¸m«mbv ]mSn F¯pw "imcntI' \o kpIrXn\n. ("F³' F¶Xnse "Nnãcw' t]mb t¸mÄIqsS sIm­pt]mbXv "Rms\ ¶`mhw'.)

WvUISmls¯ apgph³ Hscmä ]£n¡qSmbn ImWm³ Ignbpw hn[w {]]©t¯mfw DbÀ¶p hnl cn¡p¶ hniza\Êns\{]oWn¸n ¡p¶XmIWw bYmÀY kmlnXy krjvSnIÄ. kmlnXy¯nsâ A`u ataJebnte¡v \s½ sIms­¯n ¡p¶Xn\v XmcXaykmlnXy]T\w þ hnizkmlnXy]T\w þ klmbI amIp¶p. (XpScpw)

Infn¸m«v amknIbpsS ]{Xm[n]kanXn ]p\xkwLSn¸n¨p

8

tUm hn BÀ {]t_m[ N{µ³\mbÀ (sNbÀam³)

tUm Fw eoemhXn

kn cm[mIrjvW³

tUm tPmÀPv HmW¡qÀ

tUm Fw F³ ImctÈcn

s{]m^ Pn _meN{µ³

tUm ]n tkXp\mY³

tUm sjmÀWqÀ ImÀ¯ntIb³

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013


hnaÀi-\-lmkyw sN½-\w-Nmt¡m

I

Btábmkv{Xw

fIvSdpsS `mcybtà Xm³? At±lt¯msSm¸w t]mIp t¼mÄ AX\pkcn¨ptht­ Hcp ¡w? cmhnse ssU sNbvXt¸mÄ Xsâ I®ns\Ifn¸n¨ XeapSn\m cpIÄ \mes©®w ]ngpXpamän. sI«nbpw Agn¨n«psI«nbpw _yq«o j³ ImWn¨pX¶Xpt]mse Hcpa «n apSnsI«n H¸n¨p. \mi¯n\v s]m«pIp¯nbXv AÂ]w sNcnªp t]mbn. _²s¸«p hÃ]mSpw AXpw icnbm¡n. ]«pkmcnbpw »ukpw am¨p sN¿mªm £oWw ]äp ¶Xv H¸apff Xsâ `À¯mhmb IfIvSÀ¡mWtÃm. aIfpsS Syqj³ amÌsds¡m­v BgvN ap¶w Fgp Xn¨phm§n ImWmsX ]Tn¨ {]kw K¯nsâ kv{In]väv Npcp«n hm\nän _mKn h¨p. kabw t]mIp¶Xn  A£a\mb IfIvSÀ ]Xnhne [nIw kwba\w ]men¨p hcm´bn

 ]pds¸Sm³ Hcp§n\n¡p¶p. 2 PnÃbnte¡pw {]ikvXamb ssl kvIqfnsâ hmÀjnIZn\mtLmj amWv. ]cn]mSnIsfÃmw s]mSn]qc amWv FÃms¡mÃhpw. kam]\k t½f\amWp sIt¦aw. tKmhm sa {Xm\mWv DÂLmSI³. A[y£³ Unkv{SnIvSv IfIvSÀ. AXn{]kn² cmb Ihnbpw t\mhenÌpamWv {] kwKIÀ. hn sF ]n enÌp XoÀ ¶nÃ. B almkt½f\thZn¡p N µ\s¸m«mbn IfIvSdpsS `mcybpw D ­mIpw. ""k½m\Zm\''amWv AhÀ \nÀhlnt¡­ IrXyw. {]o Un{Kn Pbn¨n«nsænse´v, Xsâ ]nXmhp k¼mZn¨p Iq«nb ]W¯nsâ hne bmWtÃm hne! 3 Cd§m³ t\c¯p the¡mcnsb hnfn¨p {ioaXn ]dªp:þ ""FSo, t\ct¯ \o tPmensbms¡ XoÀ

¯p hbv¡Ww. ]ntffÀ kvIqÄ hn«phcpt¼mÄ A¸hpw ]mepw sIm Sp¯tijw Ahsc Ipfn¸n¨v ]Tn ¡m³ \nÀ_Ôn¨ncp¯Ww. c­pw Iocnbpw ]m¼pamWtÃm. hg¡p Iq Snbm A½ hcpt¼mÄ \à Iodp taSn¡pw F¶v ]dtª¡Ww. tK änsem¶pw \o t]mbn \nÂt¡­ tIt«m. C¶s¯ aoän§n Pbn¨ ]ntffÀ¡p sN¶p k½m\w sImSp ¡Ww. IfIvSÀ kmdnsâsbm¸w C¶s¯ aoän§n sIm¨½ IqSn {]kwKn¡p¶ps­¶p \o Adn tªm?'' HcmgvNbmbn {]kwK]T \w F¶ A`ymkw ImWp¶ AhÄ ""AdnªnÃtbm ]ns¶ sIm¨½m!'' F¶p ]dbp¶Xn\p ap¶w Imdnsâ hmXn ASªp; sske³kÀ ]pIXp¸n ]mªp. 4 aoän§p \o­p. HSp¡w k½m\Zm\ ¯nsâ kabambn. IfIvSdpsS [À

k½m\Zm\w Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

9


hnaÀi-\-lmkyw aZmc§Ä sXmgpssItbmsS Fgp t¶äp. kmcnbpsS sXänb ¹oäv Hs¡bpw t\tc ]nSn¨n«tijw Ip ämew shff¨m«wt]mse Hcp {]kw Kw! ""AÑ\½amÀ thWw Ip«nI Ä¡p amXrIbmth­Xv; AhÀ¡p CjvSwt]mse hfcm\pff ]mX Hcp ¡ns¡mSp¡Ww'' F¶n§s\ B ibk¼¶amb {]kwKw, ipt²m ¨mcWw Ipdªmepw, ]qÀ¯nbm ¡n k½m\Zm\w Bcw`n¨p. ]e Xcw ¥mÊpIÄ, PmdpIÄ, ]nªm W§Ä, saUepIÄ, ]pkvXI §Ä, Imjv AhmÀUpIÄ FÃmw kZkycpsS IctLmj¯n\nSbn Ip«nIÄ¡p \ÂIm³ ap¡m aWn ¡qdne[nIw kabsaSp¯p. Nne s]mSn¡p«nIÄ¡p In«nb ¥mÊp IÄ s]m«n¡msX tÌPp hn«nd §m³ klmbn¨Xn\v anÊnkv IfIv Sdpw ssIbSn t\Sn. Imcyw sImgp ¯p. amt\Ppsaâ v Hcp¡nb `£W

k¡mchpw Ignªp Xncn¨pt]m Im³ Imdn Ibdpt¼mÄ kabw cm{Xn aWn ]¯pw Ignªncp¶p. 5 ho«n sNÃpt¼mÄ ImWmw s]m«n b¥mÊpIfpsSbpw t¹äpIfpsSbpw aäpw Xp­§Ä the¡mcn apdnbn ASn¨pIq«nbn«ncn¡p¶p. tNmc hmÀs¶men¡p¶ aq¡pambn aIÄ \n¡p¶p. H«pw Iqkm¯ a«n aI\pw! Icªpw hnjmZn¨pw, Xsâ Ipäasöp ]dªpw the¡mcn t]Sn¨p \n¡p¶p. AhÄ ]d ªp:þ ""c­pw IqSn h¶t¸mÄ apX  X½n¯Ãpw th­mXo\w ]d ¨nepw hg¡pamW½m! _n_n tamfp sS ]mh __ptam³ Ip¯n¡odn. __ptamsâ tXm¡v _n_nbpw \in¸n¨p. ea¬ ¥mÊpw tkmUm ¥mÊpw t¹äpIfpsaÃmw tZjyw Ib dnb __p¡p«³ FdnªpS¨p XI À¯½m! tamfpsS aq¡¯v sNdnb

IhnX Fw Fkv N{µtiJchmcnbÀ

H¶mw Infn ]mSp¶p D­mbncp¶p aps¼s¶bpw \ns¶bpw c­mbn¡mWmXncp¶Imew s]m³shfn¨¯m ]Iepw \nemhnsâ sh¬abm cm{Xnbpw aÂkcns¡, Hmtcm ]pecnbpw ]p¯\mbv tXm¶nbþ t¶mtcm aecpw kpKÔnbmbpw. ZqscbmsW¦nepw c­mfpsas¸mgpw Nmscbps­¶p \n\¨p \½Ä an­mXncp¶mepsa³ a\sÊ´mWpþ Nn´n¨sX¶p \n\¡dnbmw. h{IaÃm¯ hcIfm Rm³ Nneþ Nn{X§Ä XoÀ¡m³ {ian¨ncp¶p. \o I­ kz]v\¯n³ hÀW¨ndIpIÄ ]mIw ]ngbv¡msX Rm³ hc¨p. F³a\w ]mSn¸ds¶mcmImi¯n³ aRvPna, \n³ I®n X§n\n¶p. \nsâ In\m¡Ä¡p s]m³\ndtaInbþ sXsâ k¦Â]§fmbncp¶p. \ns¶ at\mcYhoYnbnem¡th Ip¦pa¸q¡Ä NnXdnhogvsI, F§s\sb¯nbhsb¶dnªnt«m aµlkn¨p \osbs¶ t\m¡n. B aµlmk¯n³ am[pcykmcsa³

10

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

\mhpw Icfpw A\p`hn¨p. th\epwaªpw agbpanShn«pþ ]mSn¡fn¡phm³ Im¯p\n¶p. \mSn¶p thj¸IÀ¨ \ÂIm³ hcpw sskc{Ônamchsc¶p tXm¶n. s]m³]«pSp¯p sRfnbpw ]Iepamþ sh¬]«Wnª \nioYn\nbpw, t\cn«p \n¡msXmfn¨p Ifn¡p¶þ Imcyw ]dªpNncn¨p \½Ä. c­p \mcmbW¸£nIfmbn \mw hn­et¯mfw ]d¶ps]m§n PohnX¯nsâ \ngtem shfn¨tam tZymhnsemtcS¯pw I­XnÃ. BImisa¶ almiq\yXbpsS `oIcamw apJw I­p \½Ä. sXÃnS hn{ian¡ms\mcp amacþ ¨nÃbpw ImWmsX\mw Ipg§n PohnXkXyw hnScp¶sXt¸mgpw `qhnemsW¶p \ma¶dnªp. D¯canÃm¯ tNmZy¯ns\ms¡bpw D¯cw, D¯ta, \½Ä am{Xw!

apdnhpw ]än, X½n t]mcSn¡p t¼mÄ Xffn\o¡phm³ sN¶ F s¶ __p¡p«³ ap¨qSpw ASn¨½m!'' 6 sIm¨½ hSnbpsaSp¯v sN¶p s]m ¶ptamfpsS XpSbn \me©p k ½m\§Ä sImSp¯p. AhÄ henb hmbn \nehnfn¨p. aI\mIs« ASp¯v sXÃpw IqkenÃmsX \n ¡p¶p. Ahs\ssIbn ]nSn¨p hen¨p \o¡n\ndp¯n XÃphm³ AhÄ hSntbm§n. A½bpsS apJ t¯¡v AXyp{Kw ISp¸n¨pt\m¡n B k´Xn tNmZn¡p¶p:þ ""Cu ho«n a½n¡pw UmUn¡pw am{Xta hg¡p IqSm³ ]mSptffm?'' 7 aIsâ ""k½m\Zm\''¯n samgn ap«nb B amXrIm amXm]nXm¡Ä GtXm DÄshfn¨w In«nbXpt]m se ]ckv]cw t\m¡p¶p.


Ncn-{Xmt\zjWw kz´w teJI³

Xncps\Ãnbn D®nbmÀ¨bpsS _enXÀ¸Ww

_

enIÀa§Ä¡v t]cp tI« Xncps\Ãnt£{Xw hb \m«nsesb¶Ã, tIcf¯nsâ X s¶ Gähpw ]pcmX\hpw {]ikvX hpamb ]pWykt¦XamWv. hb\m Snsâ h\kuµcyw apgph³ Nmen s¨Sp¯v {]IrXn Hcp¡nb Cu kt¦X¯n ]nXrXÀ¸Ww \S ¯pI F¶Xv Znhyamb Hcp A\q `qXn Xs¶. Ccp¶qdp hÀj§Ä¡p ap¼v \S¶ Hcp kw`hs¯¸än, s\Ãpw ]Xncpw thÀXncn¡msX B scms¡tbm FgpXnt¨À¯ Xncp s\Ãnt£{XNcn{X¯n Nne IY IÄ tcJs¸Sp¯p¶p. IYIfnse Iq«nt¨À¡epIÄ Fs´ms¡bm bmepw AXn\p]n¶nse bmYmÀYy §sf¸än bpànklambn Nn´n ¡p¶Xp \¶v. Xncps\Ãn s]cpamfnsâ ]qPmZn IÀa§Ä¡mhiyamb Pew F¯n ¡p¶Xn\mbn c­p\qäm­pap¼p \nÀan¨ Icn¦Â ]m¯nsb kw_

(Infn¸m«nsâ Ncn{Xmt\zjWw XpSÀ¨) \v[n¨mWv sFXnlyIYIfn kq N\bpÅXv. Cu IYIfpsS s]m cpÄ tXSns¨Ãpt¼mgmWv AXn HfnªpInS¡p¶ Ncn{XbmYmÀ Yy§Ä sXfnªphcm³ XpS§pI. ""ZpÀLSamb hgnIfneqsS Xncp s\Ãnt£{X¯n _enIÀa¯n \mbn IpXnc¸pd¯ph¶ A`ymkn bmb Hcp dmWn, t£{X]qPmcn tbmSv ZmlPew tNmZns¨¶pw AXp e`n¡msX h¶t¸mÄ Xt¶msSm¸ ap­mbncp¶ ASnaIsfs¡m­v apf Iodn sXm«Sp¯pÅ ]m]\min \nbn \n¶p shÅsa¯n¡m³ Hcp Xm¡menI ]m¯n \nÀan¨p sh¶pw ]n¶oSv sIm«mc¯nse¯n btijw Icn¦Â¨ofpIÄ sIm­v Øncamb Hcp ]m¯n \nÀan¨v t£ {Xmhiy§Ä¡v Pew F¯n¨psh ¶pamWv sFXnlyw.'' C¶pw t£ {Xmhiy§Ä¡pÅ Pew ]m]\min \nbn \n¶mWv Cu Icn¦Â¸m ¯nhgn Xs¶bmWv F¯n¡p¶Xv.

D®nbmÀ¨bpsS ]nXrXÀ¸Ww Sn¸pkp¯msâ ]«alnjnbmbn ssakqcn {]Xm]n\nbmbn¡gn bp¶ Ime¯pw ktlmZc³amcp sSbpw ]nXmhnsâbpw _ÔpP\§ fpsSbpw hntbmKw \ÂInb ZpxJw BÀ¨sb Ae«ns¡mt­bncp¶p. ]nXr¡fpsS Bßmhn\v \nXyim ´n e`n¡m³ _enIÀa§Ä A\p jvTnt¡­Xnsâ BhiyIX, B Nmcm\pjvTm\§fn XÂ]cbmb Ahsc kw_\v[n¨nSt¯mfw \nÀ WmbIambncp¶p. AXn\v Gähpw A\ptbmPyamb ]pWyXoÀYw Xncps\Ãn s]cpamfnsâ km¶n[yw sIm­v ]hn{Xamb ]m]\min\nX s¶bmsW¶pw AhÀ IW¡pIq«n. Xsâ _ÔpP\§Ä Hs¶m¶mbn ]nSªphoW IS¯\mSnsâ a®n  Im Nhp«p¶Xv Hgnhm¡m³ IqSnbmbncn¡mw BÀ¨ Xncps\Ãn sXcsªSp¯Xv. ssakqcn \n¶p _µn¸qÀ \n

Xncps\Ãnt£{Xw

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

11


Ncn-{Xmt\zjWw _nUh\¯neqsS Ip« þ tXmÂs¸ «n Im«p]mXbneqsS IpXnc¸pd¯v Imh ]SbmfnIfpw ASnaIfpw H¯v AhÀ Xncps\Ãnbnse¯n. Sn¸phnsâ ]Stbm«¡me¯v \mbÀ ]SbmfnIsf apgph³ _ensImSp ¯psIm­v {]mWc£mÀYw \mSp hnt«mSnb IS¯\mSv cmPmhnsâ IgnhptISns\i]n¨psIm­v BÀ ¨ ho­pw tIcf¯nsâ a®nse ¯n. Xsâ {]nbkplr¯mb ]gÈn cmPmhnsâ kzm[o\taJeIfn s]« hb\m«nte¡pff bm{X AXo hclkyhpw ISp¯ kpc£m k¶ml§Ä \ndªXpambncp¶p. Xm³ Pohn¨ncn¸ps­¶pt]mepw aebmf\mSv Adnbm¯Imew. ssakqdnepw "ae_mÀ teUn' F¶ t]cn HXp§n¡qSnbncp¶ Imew. kp¯m\n ]nd¶ c­p a¡sf hfÀ¯nsbSp¡p¶Xn hym]rX bmbncp¶Imew. IS¯\mSpw ]cn kchpw tPm\IcpsS ]pf¨phmg \S¶ncp¶Imew. CXn\v Xsâ {]n bXasâ clky]n´pWbp­mbn cp¶ Imcyhpw BÀ¨bv¡dnbmambn cp¶p. BÀ¨ Pohn¨ncp¸ps­¶dn ªm þ AhÀ Xncps\Ãnbnte¡v F¯p¶psh¶dnªm Bfn¡ ¯pambncp¶ tPm\IkwLÀjw Hgnhm¡p¶Xn\pw Cu bm{X þ cl kyam¡nbXmbncn¡mw. F´mbmepw Xm³ D®nbmÀ¨ bmsW¶p shfns¸Sp¯p¶Xn Ahcpw XmÂ]cyw ImWn¨ncp¶n Ã. Pohn¨ncn¡p¶ A½bpw AÂ] am{Xamb _ÔpP\§fpwt]mepw

D®nbmÀ¨bpsS ihIpSocw \hoIcn¨v kwc£nt¡­Xnsâ Bhiyw P\§fn \n¶pbcpIbmWv. tIcf¯n \n¶p k©mcnIfpsS Hcp {]hmlw AhntSbv¡v D­mbns¡m­ncn¡p¶p. Zdnbm Zue¯n\p kao]apff Cu `qan Ct¸mÄ IÀWmSI h¡^v t_mÀUnsâ ssIhi¯nemWv. 12

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

Xncps\Ãnbnse \qäm­pap¼p \nÀan¨ Icn¦Â ]m¯n

Adnbm¯ kXyw aäpffhtcmSv sh fns¸Sp¯m³ BÀ¨ X¿mdmbncp ¶panÃ. F¦nepw IS¯\m«nse hoc]p{Xnbmb D®nbmÀ¨bmWv Xsâ ap¶n Zml\oÀ tNmZn¨v ssI\o«nbsX¶v t£{Xw ]qPmcn Xncn¨dnªncp¶p. AXpsIm­v Xs¶bmbncn¡mw ]¯ncp]XphÀ jw ap³]v Xncps\Ãnbnep­mbn cp¶ Znhy\mb Hcp k\ymkn t£ {Xw kµÀin¡p¶htcmSv D®nbm À¨ \nÀan¨ "Icn¦Â ]m¯n'sb¸än clkyambn ]dªncp¶Xpw. A¶v BÀ¨bpsS k©mchgn Ifn Ahsc klmbn¡m³ ASn aIÄ D­mbncp¶psh¶ kqN\ Xs¶ Xncps\Ãn kµÀin¨ dmWn Hcp kp¯msâ ]«alnjnbm sW¶ sXfnhp \ÂIp¶p­v. ap Éow cmPm¡·mcmWv ASnaIfpsS tkh\w {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯nbncp ¶Xv. Nnd¡Â cmPmhpw IS¯\mSv cmPm¡·mcpw ASnaIsf D]tbm Kn¨ncp¶Xmbn HcnS¯pw ]cmaÀin ç¶nÃ. AXpsIm­pXs¶ Nnd ¡Â dmWnbmsW¶p ]ecpw hniz kn¨ncp¶ A`ymknbmb X¼pcm«n D®nbmÀ¨bmbncp¶psh¶ \nKa \¯n F¯nt¨tc­nhcpw. ssakqdn \n¶p Xncps\Ãnbn te¡pff Im«p]mX \qäm­pIÄ ¡pap¼pXs¶ cq]s¸«psh¶Xn\p \nch[n sXfnhpIÄ \nehnep­v. {_n«ojpImÀ Cu ]mX ]p\cp²cn ¨ncp¶Xmbpw Ncn{X¯nsâ GSpI fn \n¶pw NnIsªSp¡mw. ]gÈn bpsS Hfnbp²§Ä¡v XSbnSm³ hb\mS³ ImSpIsf tdmUpIÄ \nÀan¨v _Ôn¸n¨ {_n«ojpImÀ¡v

ssakqcnte¡pff ]S\o¡m\pw Cu Im«phgnIÄ D]Icn¨ncp¶n cn¡mw. D®nbmÀ¨bpsS ihIpSocw kwc £nX taJebm¡Ww {iocwK]«W¯n ZdnbmZue ¯n\p kao]ambn ØnXnsN¿p¶ D®nbmÀ¨bpsS ihIpSocw \ho Icn¨v kwc£nt¡­Xnsâ Bh iyw P\§fn \n¶pbcpIbmWv. tIcf¯n \n¶p k©mcnIfpsS Hcp {]hmlw AhntSbv¡v D­mbn s¡m­ncn¡p¶p. Zdnbm Zue ¯n\p kao]apff Cu `qan Ct¸mÄ IÀWmSI h¡^v t_mÀUnsâ ssIhi¯nemWv. CXv tI{µ ]pcm hkvXp hIp¸v GsäSp¯v kwc £nX kvamcIw B¡Wsa¶ Bh iyw DbcpIbmWv. D®nbmÀ¨bpsS AenJnX Ncn{Xw ]pd¯p h¶ ØnXn¡v CtX¸än A]{KYn¨v BÀ¨bpsS PohnXImeL«s¯ ]cmaÀin¡p¶ Hcp ^eIhpw Chn sS Øm]nt¡­nbncn¡p¶p. AXpt]mseXs¶ IS¯\mfp hn Znhm³ ]qÀW¿bpsS kvacW bv¡mbn \nÀan¨ kvXq]w \hoI cn¨v kvamcI ku[am¡n amäWw. kvXq]¯nt\mSp tNÀ¶ `qan ssI bS¡nh¨n«pff IpSntbä¡msc Hgn¸n¡m\pw IÀWmSI kÀ¡mÀ \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡Ww. ChnsS Øm]n¨n«pff kvamcI^eIw hm bn¡m³ IgnbmsX hnIrXam¡s¸ «ncn¡bmWv. kÀ¡mÀtcJIÄ ]cn tim[n¨v AXv ]p\Øm]n¡m³ th­ \nÀtZi§Ä \ÂIWw. (XpScpw)


DÄ¡mgvN Pn F³ ]Wn¡À

ssN\bpsS "kvt\l`mhw'; amthmbnÌv Iq«s¡meIÄ; kptµm]kpµ·mcmbnamdnb ehIpi·mcpw

ssN

\bpsS \o¡§Ä

CubnsS A[nImc¯nse¯nb ssN\okv {][m\a{´n eo IpNn bmMv BZyamsbmcp hntZicmPyw kµÀin¡p¶Xv C³UybmsW¶ Xn Nne C³Uym¡mÀs¡¦nepw A`nam\w tXm¶nbn«p­mhmw. ssN\bv¡v C³UytbmSpff {]tXy I kulrZamWv CXv hyàam¡n bsX¶v AhÀ IcpXp¶pap­mhmw. C³Uybpw ssN\bpw H¶n¨p \n t¡­Xnsâ {]m[m\ys¯¸än eo IpNnbmMv \yqUÂlnbn h¨v Du ¶n¸dbpIbpap­mbn. ]t£, ]e Ncn{Xkw`h§fpap­v \mw ad ¡m³ ]mSnÃm¯Xmbn. 2010  A¶s¯ ssN\okv {][m\a{´n sh³Pnbmt_mbpw CtX hnImc§Ä Xs¶ {]ISn¸n ¡pIbp­mbn. ]t£, AXn\pti jamWv C³Uybnse Hcp kwØm \amb AcpWmN {]tZiv ssN\ bpsS `mKamsW¶ AhImihmZw ssN\okv kÀ¡mÀ D¶bn¨Xpw ssN\okv ]«mfw þHcp sdPnsaâ v þ eUm¡n AXn{Ian¨p Ibdn ] s¯m³]Xp IntemaoäÀ C³Uybv ¡Is¯¯n Iym¼pIÄ Øm]n¨ Xpw! eo IpNnbm§nsâ C³Uym kµÀi\¯n\p sXm«pap³]v ssN \okv ]«mfw eUm¡n \n¶v ]n³ hm§nbXv GsXms¡ hyhØIfn t·emsW¶v XnI¨pw hyàhpaÃ. CXm, Ct¸mÄ ssN\okv `S·mÀ A Xn{Ian¨p Ibdn C³UybpsS A©p IntemaoäÀ `mK¯v tdmUv \nÀan¨p F¶ hmÀ¯bpw h¶ncn ¡p¶p!

ssN\okv {][m\a{´n eo IpNnbm§pw C³Uy³ {][m\a{´n a³taml³ kn§pw

C³Uybnse kµÀi\w Ign ªv ssN\okv {][m\a{´n t]m bXv ]mInkvXm\nte¡mWv. C³ Uybv¡wKoIcn¡m³ h¿m¯, A Yhm C³Uybv¡p `ojWnbmb, {] hÀ¯\§fmWv ssN\ ]mInkvXm \pambn tNÀ¶pw ]m¡[o\Iivao cnepw \S¯nhcp¶Xv. asämcphn[w ]dªmÂ, C³UytbmSv "kulr Zw' `mhn¡pt¼mgpw ]mInkvXmsâ bp²k¶ml§Ä¡v Icp¯p]I cp¶ {]hr¯nIfmWv ssN\ cl kyambpw ]ckyambpw sNbvXpt]m cp¶Xv. C³UytbmSpw ssN\tbm Spw \mw kulrZ_Ôw ]peÀ¯m ³ B{Kln¡p¶Xpt]mse ssN\ bv¡p C³UytbmSpw ]mInkvXm t\mSpw kulrZ_Ôamhmw. ]

t£ AXv C³UybpsS kpc£ bv¡p `ojWnbmhp¶ coXnbnemh cpsX¶pam{Xw. ssN\bpsS km{am PyXz at\m`mhw Zim_vZ§Ä¡p ap¼v än_ä³ kwkvImcs¯ Acpw sIme sNbvXt¸mįs¶ kv]jv SambXmWv. B \o¡¯ns¶Xnsc \mw \nÈ_vZX ]men¨p, IpäIc amb \nÈ_vZX. Zembvemabv¡pw A\pbmbnIÄ¡pw UÂlnbn Xmakn¡m³ CSw\ÂIpIam{Xw \mw sNbvXp. 1950 IfpsS HSphnepw 1960 IfpsS Bcw`¯nepw \½psS {][m\a{´n PhmlÀem s\{lp hpw ssN\okv {][m\a{´n Nu F³ embnbpw tNÀ¶p "lnµnþNo\n `mbv `mbv' hnfn¨p \S¶Imew. \m

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

13


DÄ¡mgvN

O¯okvKÀKnse amthmbnÌv B{IaWw

saÃmw B ap{ZmhmIyw Gäphnfn ¡pIbpw sNbvXp. B L«¯n emWv 1962  ssN\okv ]«mfw C³ Uy\XnÀ¯n IS¶v \½psS ]«mf ¡msc Xpc¯ns¡m­v _lpZqcw Dffntes¡¯nbXv. temIw apgp h³ A¼c¶p \n¶p B ssN\o km{IaWw I­v! s\{lphns\ am\ knIambpw imcocnIambpw XIÀ ¯p B ssN\okv IS¶pIbäw. ]mInkvXm³ am{XamWv \½psS i{Xpsh¶p ]dªp\S¶ A¶ s¯ {]Xntcm[a{´n hn sI IrjvW tat\m\pw \sÃmcp ]¦p­v A¶v C³Uybv¡p­mb \mWt¡ SnÂ. Nu F³ embv, sh³ Pnbm _mthm XpS§nbhcpsS `mjbn ¯s¶bmWv eo IpNnbm§pw kw kmcn¨Xv! C¶s¯ ssN\bpsS km{amPyXz\o¡§fn P¸m\pw AkzØamWv. Ct¸mÄ P¸m³ kµÀin¨psIm­ncn¡p¶ \½psS {][m\a{´n tUm a³taml³knMv P¸m³ A[nIrXcpambn Cu DÂI WvT ]¦nSptam? ssN\bpsS \o¡ §Ä þ kulrZ`mh¯nepffXpw AÃm¯Xpamb IcpXn¡q«nb \S] SnIÄ þ c­p t\Xm¡·mcpsSbpw {i²bn Ahiyw htc­XmWv.

kpioÂIpamÀ jns­

14

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

amthmbnÌv sIme]mXI§Ä O¯okvKÀKn tabv 25 i\nbmgvN \S¶ Iq«s¡me `mcXs¯ apgp h³ sR«n¨ncn¡pIbmWv. tIm¬ {Kkv t\Xm¡Ä k©cn¨ Hcp tam t«mÀhyqls¯bmWv shSnIfpXnÀ ¯v amthmbnÌpIÄ ]«m¸I sIme sNbvXXv. amthmbnÌv A{I a§sf sNdp¡m³ BZnhmknIsf kwLSn¸n¨v kÂhPqZpw F¶ {]Xntcm[ kwL¯n\p cq]w \ Inb AhnSs¯ ap³a{´nbpw BZn hmkn {]apJ\pamb atl{µ IÀa bmbncp¶p amthmbnÌv sImebmfn IfpsS apJye£yw. IÀasb ASn ¨p sIm¶n«mWt{X shSnh¨Xv. Atacn¡bn HutZymKnI kµ Ài\¯n\p t]mb \½psS B`y´ ca{´n kpioÂIpamÀ jns­ kµÀ i\Imew (tabv 19 apX 22 hscbm bncp¶p kµÀi\w) Ignªn«pw {]Xn\n[nkwL¯nse aäpffhsc Ãmw Xncn¨pt]m¶n«pw Atacn¡ bn hyàn]camb Imcy§Ä ¡mbn tabv 30 hsc X§pIbmW t{X. cmjv{Ss¯ apgph³ \Sp¡nb amthmbnÌv Iq«s¡me \S¶n«pw \½psS B`y´ca{´n¡v DSs\ C³Uybnte¡p aS§Wsa¶p tXm¶nbnÃ. a³taml³ kn§pw tkmWnbbpw cmlpepw FÃmw O ¯okvKÀKn Iq«s¡me \S¶n S¯v HmSnsb¯nsb¦nepw \½psS B`y´ca{´n¡v AsXms¡ \n Êmcw! Atacn¡bnencp¶p sIm­v t^mWn `cn¡pIbmWv At±lw! Znhkhpw ]eh«w {UÊp amdp ¶XnÂam{Xw XÂ]c\mb inhcmPv ]m«o B`y´ca{´nbmbncp¶ t¸mgs¯ timNymhØbv¡v A ]samcp amäw h¶Xv NnZw_cw B`y´ca{´nbmbt¸mgmWv. am thmbnÌv iàntI{µ§fn ZznapJ ]cn]mSnIÄ þ ]nt¶m¡mhØ am

äm\pff km¼¯nI ]cn]mSnIfpw A{Ia§sf iàambn ASn¨aÀ ¯m\pff \o¡§fpw þ NnZw_cw Bkq{XWw sNbvXp \S¸nem¡n ¯pS§nbt¸mgmWv At±ls¯ [\Imcya{´nbm¡nbXv þ {]W_v ap¡ÀPn cmjv{S]Xnbmbt¸mÄ. tabv 25 i\nbmgvN amthmbnÌp IÄ \S¯nb Iq«s¡me C³Uy³ P\m[n]Xys¯ XIÀ¡m³ e£y an«XpXs¶. amthmbnÌpIÄ \S ¯p¶ C¯cw {Iqchpw \nµyhp amb Iq«s¡meIsf ]camh[n iànbp]tbmKn¨v kÀ¡mÀ ASn¨ aÀ¯pI Xs¶ thWw. th­nh ¶m ]«mfs¯ D]tbmKn¨m bmepw CXp sNbvtX Xocq. ]«mf s¯ CXn\v D]tbmKn¡nsö {]Xntcm[a{´n F sI BâWn bpsS {]Jym]\w þ ap³]pw Bâ Wn CtX A`n{]mbw ]dªn«p­v NnZw_cw B`y´ca{´nbmbncp¶ t¸mÄ þ CSXp]£t¯mSv At±l ¯n\pff hgnhn« Nmbvhv hyàam ¡pIbtÃ? CSXp]£¯nsâ ]n´pWtbmsS ASp¯ {][m\a {´nbmhm³ F sI BâWn \nÈ _vZw X¿mdmhpIbmsW¶v þ Icp ¡Ä\o¡pIbmsW¶v þhmÀ¯ IÄ h¶ncp¶p. _n sP ]n sb Hgn hm¡m³, tIm¬{KÊn\I¯v X§ Ä¡p ]n´pWbv¡m³ ]änb BÄ BâWnbmsW¶v kn ]n Fw ¡mÀ DÄs¸sSbpff CSXp]£w hnNm cn¨pIqSmbvIbnÃ. Iptd¡mew B âWnbpw Iq«cpw AhcpsS Iym¼n embncp¶tÃm. ]t£, amthmbnÌp IÄ F¶ `oIcsc GXpamÀKap] tbmKn¨pw ASn¨aÀ¯pI C³ Uy³ P\m[n]Xy¯nsâXs¶ \ne\n¸n\mhiyamWv. Ct¸mÄ H³]Xp kwØm\§fn KWy amb {]tZi§fn amthmbnÌpI fmWv "kÀhm[n]XnIÄ'. \nÀtZm


DÄ¡mgvN jnIfmb ]mhw P\§sft¸mepw \njvTqcw tXm¡n¶ncbm¡p¶ `oI cÀ! kptµm]kpµ³amcmbnamdnb eh Ipi³amÀ sI IcpWmIcs\bpw (Un sF kn (sI) sbbpw) F sI BâWnsb bpw HXp¡nbhcmWv \½psS Ct¸m gs¯ apJya{´n D½³Nm­nbpw sI ]n kn kn {]knUâ v ctaiv sN¶n¯ebpw. IcpWmIcs\ {] Xy£ambn¯s¶ FXnÀ¯mWv HXp¡nbXv. BâWnsb UÂln¡v hnam\w IbänbXv X{´]cambm WpXm\pw. Chsc Cu ]wànbn ¯s¶ "ehIpi³amcmbn' hnti jn¸n¨n«p­v ]eh«w. H¸w Cu ehIpi³amÀ "kptµm]kpµc³ amcm'bn amdm\pÅ km[yXbps­ ¶p ]eh«w kqNn¸n¡pIbpw sNbv Xn«p­v Cu teJI³. {_Òmhn \n¶v (F¶p ]dªm "ssl¡am ­n' \n¶v!) hcw In«n iànbmÀ Pn¨v Al¦mcnIfmbn amdn, HSp hn ]ckv]cw sImÃp¶hcmWv kptµm]kpµc³amÀ. tIcfbm{X "hnPbIcambn' \S¯n Xncph\´ ]pcs¯¯nb sI ]n kn kn {]kn Uâ v ctaiv sN¶n¯e s]m«ns¯ dn¨Xv C§s\: ""C\n D½³Nm ­n¡v At±l¯nsâ hgn; F\n¡v Fsâ hgnbpw.'' a{´nk`bn Ibdmsa¶ B{K lanÃmsX \S¶ ctains\ s_¶n _l\m³, Fw Fw lʳ, X¼m \qÀ chn F¶o D½³Nm­nbpsS tXmgÀ kzImcyambn I­v a{´nbm IWsa¶v clkyambn A`yÀYn ¨t{X. kzm`mhnIambpw ChÀ Cu A`yÀY\\S¯nbXv apJya{´n D½³Nm­nbpsS AdnthmsSbm sW¶v ctaiv [cn¡pIbpw sN bvXp. (Akw»n XncsªSp¸n\v sI ]n kn kn {]knUâ v aÂkcn ¡m³ Xp\nªt¸mtg þ kXy¯nÂ, AXp th­mbncp¶p þ ctain\v Cu tam lap­mbncp¶p F¶v tZmssjIZy ¡pIÄ ]dbpw!) ]t£, B`y´ch Ipt¸mSpIqSnb D] apJya{´nØm \w ctain\v sImSp¡m³ D½³Nm ­n¡p "`b¦c' aSn! D]apJya{´n ]Zhn¡v sI Fw amWnbpw Ipªm en¡p«nbpw IqSn AÀlcmsW¶pw B`y´cw Xncph©qcn \n¶v Xncn s¨Sp¡m³ hs¿¶pw Hs¡ ]dbpI bmWv apJya{´n D½³Nm­n. apÉoweoKpw IqSn k½Xns¨¦nte F´pw ChnsS \S¡q F¶ ØnXn h¶n«pw Ipsd¡meambn. CsXÃmw, Xs¶ A]am\n¡emsW¶v cta

sI ]n kn kn {]knUâ v ctaiv sN¶n¯ebpw apJya{´n D½³Nm­nbpw

in\v tXm¶nbXv XnI¨pw kzm`m hnIw. AXn\nsS sI ]n kn kn {]kn Uâ v Øm\w apJya{´n]Zhnsb ¡mÄ DbÀ¶XmsW¶v D½³ Nm­n ]dªp. At¸mÄ F³ Fkv Fkv P\d sk{I«dn Pn kpIpam c³\mbÀ \nÀtZin¨p: F¦n D½³Nm­n sI ]n kn kn {]kn Uâ v ]Zhn GsäSp¯psIm­v cta ins\apJya{´nbm¡m³. sImÅmw \à \nÀtZiw {]mb¯nepw ]mÀ«n bnepw ko\nbdmb D½³ Nm­n kpIpamc³\mbcpsS Cu D]tZi sa¦nepw tIÄ¡ptam? Hc\pP\v A[nImcw sImSp¡pt¼mse cta ins\apJya{´nbm¡m³? Asà ¦n aq¶v D]apJya{´namcmbm tem? ctaiv sN¶n¯e, Ipªmen ¡p«n, sI Fw amWn F¶nhÀ D]ap Jya{´namÀ. F¦n kwKXn "Ie¡p'sa¶pd¸v. apJya{´n D½³ Nm­n Cu hgn¡p Nn´n¨ncps¶ ¦nÂ! C\n ChscÃmw IqSn "Ifn¨p Ifn¨v' `cWw F Un F^nsâ aSn¯«n sIm­p C«p sImSp¡p tam F¶phsc kwibn¡p¶ \njv ]£aXnIfp­v. ssl¡aâmsW ¦n ]e kwØm\§fnsebpw tIm¬{KÊnsâ ØnXn "sIt¦a'am ¡nbhcpamWv. ]mÀesaâ v Xnc sªSp¸v t\ct¯ \S¯m³ þ B dpkwØm\§fnse XncsªSp¸p ItfmsSm¸w \S¯m³ þ Xocpam\n ¡m\nSbpÅ tI{µ t\XrXzw tIc f¯nse XncsªSp¸pw AtXm sSm¸w \S¯m³ Xp\nbptam? Hcp \nÝbw H¶n\panÃm¯ ØnXn Xs¶. Xq¡p]mÀesaâpw Xq¡v A kw»nIfpw Bbncn¡ptam CXn

sâsbÃmw ^ew? CXn\v þ C¯cw A\nÝnXmh Øbv¡pw Ac£nXmhØbv¡pw þ Hcp t]mwhgntbbpÅq: ]mÀesa âdn P\m[n]Xy¯n\p ]Icw {]kn U³jy P\m[n]Xyw \mw kzoI cn¡pI. Atacn¡bnepw {^m³ knepw PÀa\nbnepw Hs¡ Btcm Ky[\yambn {]hÀ¯n¨phcp¶ kw hn[m\w. P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS Imep amäw, A\mhiyambn hcp¶ D]Xn csªSp¸pIÄ, F®nbmsemSp§m ¯hn[w DbÀ¶phcp¶ cmjv{Sob I£nIfpsS F®¯nepÅ hÀ[\ þ CsXÃmw HgnªpIn«pw. kwØm \§fnepw tI{µ¯nepw `cWØn cXbpw hcpw. AXpt]mse ]mÀesa ânsâ D]cnk`bn þ cmPyk` bn þ FÃm kwØm\§Ä¡pw Xpeyamb {]mXn\n[yw IqSn Dd¸m ¡nbm \½psS s^Ud kwhn [m\w IqSpX AÀYh¯mIpI bpw sN¿pw. F´psIm­v, tIm¬ {KÊn\pw _n sP ]n ¡pw C¡mcy ¯nÂ, cmjv{S\·bv¡mbn, H¶n¨p IqSm? hm¡jWw: aebmfw t{ijvT `m jbmbtXmsS FÃmhcpw BËmZ ¯nanÀ¸nemWtÃm! Cu tImem le§Ä¡nSbnepw \½psS {]nb s¸« Ihn s{]m^ H F³ hn c­p Imcy§Ä ]dªXv \¶mbn: ""aebmfw t{ijvT`mjbmbtXmsS e`n¡p¶ tImSnIÄ icnbmwh®w hn\ntbmKn¡p¶pt­msb¶dnbm ³ P\§Ä PmKcqIcmbncn¡ Ww...... I£ncmjv{Sob¯ne[njvTn Xamb AÔX ssIhnSmsX tIcf ¯n\p tam£ap­mInÃ...'' (tabv 27 se amXr`qan hmÀ¯ Ahew_w) (2013 tabv 28)

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IY \fn\n {io[-c³

lb{Koh³ I

iy]{]Pm]XnbpsS aI\mb Hckpc\mbncp¶p lb{Ko h³. A½bpsS t]À Z\p F¶mbn cp¶p. kckzXo \ZoXoc¯p lb {Koh³ hfsc sNdp¸¯n Xs¶ AXnITn\amb X]Êmcw`n¨ncp¶p. Bbncw kwhÂkcw Ignªt¸mÄ almtZhn {]Xy£bmbn F´p hc amWv B{Kln¡p¶Xv F¶v lb{Ko ht\mSp tNmZn¨p. AbmÄ ]dªp. ""acWw CÃm¯h\mbn, tZh·mÀ ¡pw a\pjyÀ¡pwta Pbw D­m ¡p¶h\mbn XocWsa¶v tZhn F\n¡p hcw XcWsa¶t]£n¨p.'' A¯cw acWanÃm¯ Xc¯n Hcp hcw Xcm³ {]bmkamsW¶p tZhn ]dªp. At¸mÄ lb{Koh³ ]dªp. ""A§ns\bmsW¦n l b{Koh³ am{Xta Fs¶ h[n¡m³ ]mSpffq F¶v, Al¦mcnbmb lb {Koh³. aämcpw Fs¶ sImÃcpXv''. tZhn Ah\v lb{Kohsâ ssIsIm ­p am{Xta \o acn¡q F¶p hcw sImSp¯p. hcw ssIbn h¶XpapX Akpc³ \à P\§tfbpw aäpw \in¸n¨pw t{Zmln¨pwsIm­v aq¶p temI§fnepw Btcbpw hIsh ¡msX Al¦cn¨psIm­p \S ¡m³ XpS§n. tZh·mtcbpw Cuiz c·mtcbpw bp²¯n\p hnfn¨p sIm ­p HmSn\S¶ Akpcs\ t]Sn¨pw t{Zmlw kln¡msXbpw FÃm tZh ·mcpw IqSn almhnjvWphnsâ ASp¡Â k¦Shpamsb¯n, CXn s\mcp ]cnlmcw sN¿Wsa¶t] £n¨p. hnjvWphpw tZhssk\y§ fpw IqSn hfsc¡mew lb{Koh\p ambn bp²w sNbvXp. Abmsf Pbn ¡m³ IgnbmsX `Khm\pw tZh·m

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Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

cpw £oWn¨p. £oWia\¯n \mbn hnjvWp`Khm³ Iptd¡mew hn{ian¡m³ Xocpam\n¨p. bp²w sNbvXpsIm­ncp¶ hnÃv \ne¯v Ip¯n AXnsâ Aäw Igp ¯n sXm­bpsS `mK¯v ]nSn¨p \nÀ¯n Dd§m³ XpS§n. hnÃnsâ Aäw Igp¯n Ip¯n\nÀ¯n ]©mk\¯nencp¶mWv `Khm³ hnjvWp Dd§nbXv. A{Xbpw £o Wn¨ncp¶p At±lw. Hcp]mSpImew A§ns\ `Khm³ Dd§n . Hcn¡Â {_Òmhv XpS§nb tZh·mÀ X§fn BcmWv Gähpw t{ijvT³ F¶ Imcy¯n sXfn shSp¸p \S¯n. almhnjvWphns\ bmbncp¶p FÃmhcpw CjvSs¸«Xv. aÂkc¯nepw sXfnshSp¸nepw almhnjv W p Xs¶bmbncp¶p ap¶nÂ. Cuizc·mcn Gähpw t{i jvT³ almhnjvWphmsW¶v sXfn ªt¸mÄ {_Òmhn\v AsXm«pw ]nSn¨nÃ. At±lw almhnjvWphn sâ Xe s]m«ns¯dn¨pt]ms« Fs¶mcp im]w sImSp¯ncp¶p. B im]w Dff kabambncp¶p l b{Kohs\¶ Akpc³ hnjvWphn t\mSp bp²w sNbvXXv. hnÃnsâ Xebpw ]nSn¨v sXm­bn AaÀ ¯n Dd§nb `Khm³ Hcp]mSpIm ew ]n¶n«p. tZhIÄ Hcp bmKw Ign¡ms\m cp§n. hnjvWp `Khm³ HgnsI _m ¡n FÃm tZh·mcpw Cuizc·mcpw bmK¯n\p X¿mdmbn. tZh·mcpsS bmK¯n\v bmK¯nsâ \mY\mb hnjvWp `Khmsâ A`mhw FÃmh tcbpw hnjan¸n¨p. FÃmhcpw IqSn hnjvWp`Khms\tXSn\S¶p. Fhn sSbpw ImWm\nÃ. sshIpWvT¯n epw I­nÃ. Úm\ZrjvSnsIm­p {_Òmhv hnjvWp Dd§p¶Xmbn I­p. FÃmhcpw IqSn AhnsS

F¯n. F{X Im¯pInS¶n«pw `K hm³ DWcp¶a«nÃ. {_Òmhp `K hms\ DWÀ¯phm\pff Hcp Ipdp ¡p hgnbp­m¡n. Iptd NnXepIsf D­m¡n NnX epItfmSp `Khm³ Igp¯n Ip¯n Dd§p¶ hnÃnsâ Xmgs¯ Aäw Ic­papdn¡m³ ]dªp. NnXepIÄ¡v shdptX A¯cw A\ÀYap­m¡p¶ Imcyw sNbvXn «v F´pIn«m³. AXpsIm­v AhÀ Nne Imcyw AhÀ¡p In«m³ th­n sNbvXmse Ic­p hnÃnsâ Aäw apdn¡pIbpffq F¶v hmin ]nSn¨p. bmKw Ignbpt¼mÄ AánIpWvU ¯nsâ \mep`mK¯pw sXdn¨pho gp¶ AlÊv NnXepIÄ¡pffXm sW¶p k½Xn¨n«p am{Xta NnXep IÄ Ic­p A¼nsâ Xmgs¯ `mKw apdn¡m³ {iaw XpS§nbpffq. AhÀ (NnXepIÄ) hnÃnsâ Aäw Ic­papdn¡m³ XpS§n. s] s«¶v AXn`b¦camb i_vZt¯m sS hnÃnsâ RmWv Xmgs¯ Aäw s]m«n henb iàntbmsS `Khm sâ Igp¯n Ip¯nsh¨ hnÃnsâ Xp¼v Igp¯v Adp¯v Ifªp. AXniànbmbn `Khmsâ XesX dn¨v AXnZqc¯pff kap{Z¯n ]Xn¨p. I­p\n¶ tZhIÄ A¼c ¶pt]mbn. XebnÃm¯ `Khmsâ tZlw I­p kln¡m³ ]äm¯ tZ hIÄ B DSen IpXncbpsS Xe apdn¨psh¨p. AXn\v Poh³sh¨p. km£m hnjvWp`Khm³ lb {Koh\mbn. X¡mew FÃmhÀ ¡pw kt´mjambn. `Khm³ IpXnc bpsS XetbmsS Fgpt¶äv bp²w XpSÀ¶p. lb{Kohs\ (Akpcs\) sIm¶p. tZhIfpsS k¦S¯n \n¶v Ahsc IcIbän. tZh·mcpsS bmK¯n ]¦psIm­tijw A t±lw [ÀacmPy¯n t]mbn ITn \ambn X]Êp sNbvXp. almtZ hsâ A\p{Kl¯m kz´w Xe At±l¯n\p e`yambn. hnjvWp `Khm³ kam[m\t¯msS im]tam N\hpw kn²n¨v sshIpWvT¯n te¡v t]mbn alme£vanbpambn Ignªp.


]T\w tUm. hn. sI. lcnlc\p®n¯m³

XpfkoZmkImhyw \m

\m `mwXn cmav AhvXmcm; cmamb\v kXv tImSn A]mcm. Iev]vt`Zv lcnNcnXv kplmG `mwXn At\Iv ap\ok\vlv KmG. (cm.N.am.þ1/Nu 3þ4/tZm 33) (cmamhXmcw ]ehn[ap­mbo; amap\namc¨cnX§Ä tim`\w ]mSn¸ea«p I¸m\pkmcaþ ]mcw iXtImSnbp­p cmambWw.) iXtImSnb]mcambn cmam bW§fpÅXn XpfkoZmk³ (Dt±iw 1533þ1623) cNn¨ cmambW amWv cmavNcnXvam\kv (cN\m{]m

XpfkoZmk³

cw`w: 1574 cma\han¡v Atbm[y bnÂ). kwkvIrX`mjbnÂ, Hmtcm ImÞ¯nsâbpw XpS¡¯n tZ hXmhµ\]cambpw Imhymhkm\ ¯n ^e{ipXn]cambpw DÅ Ipd ¨p tÇmI§fpw CSbv¡pÅ Nne kvXpXnIfpw Hgnhm¡nbm lnµn bpsS Atbm[ym{]tZis¯ D]`m jbmb Ah[nbnemWv "`mjm\n _Ôw' F¶v IhnXs¶ hntijn ¸n¨n«pÅ Cu IrXnbpsS cN\. XpfkoZmksâ aäp {][m\cN\I fn hn\bv]{XnIm, IhnXmhveo, l\qam\v_mlpIv F¶nh cmaI Ym]csa¶Xns\m¸w BßNcnX ]chpamWv. IrjvWNcnX]camb KoXmhveo {hP`mj F¶dnbs¸ Sp¶ D]`mjbnemWv. _meImÞ¯nse \m ¸¯nc­mas¯ tZmlhscbpÅ `mKw IhnbpsS BapJ¡pdn¸m sW¶p ]dbmw. Cu `mK¯v tZh XmKpcphµ\sa¶ ]Xnhp Nn«bv ¡p]pdta kÖ\ZpÀP\§Ä, cm ambW]m{X§Ä, cmaIYmKmXm ¡Ä F¶nhsc am{XaÃ, PK¯v koXmcmaabamIbm kIeXn s\bpw \akvIcn¡p¶p­v Ihn. Xm³ Xosc IgnhnÃm¯h\mI bm cmaIY \¶mbn Km\wsN ¿m³ Ghcpw I\nbWat{X. kz´w Imhyk¦Â¸w hniZo Icn¨Xn\p ]pdta, kzIrXnbpsS t]cnse am\kw F¶ hm¡nsâ Xm¸cyhpw Ihn kv]jvSam¡nbn «p­v. Xm³ `mjbnem¡p¶ cmam bWw BZnbn {io]ctaizc³ cNn¨v kza\Ên kq£n¨ph¨v ]n¶oSv ]mÀhXn¡pw cma`à\mb `pipÞn¡pw D]tZin¨XmWt{X. kzam\k¯n shfns¸« IrXn¡v inh³ am\kw F¶p t]cn«pt]mÂ. `pipÞnbnÂ\n¶p bmÚhÂIy \pw At±l¯nÂ\n¶p `cZzmP\pw `cZzmP\nÂ\n¶p Kpcp]c¼cbn eqsS In«nbXv Xsâ Kpcphmb \c lcnZmkv kqIct£{X¯n h¨v ]eh«w ]mSnt¡«v _p²ns¡m¯p X\n¡p {Kln¡m³ IgnªXv Xm³

`mjbnem¡p¶pht{X. kzIrXnbnse hnhn[ LS I§sf am\kkcÊnsâ hnhn[ hi§tfmSp]an¡mw F¶Xnsâ t]cnepw AXns\am\kw F¶p ]d bmsa¶ asämcp bpànbpw Ihn D¶bn¡p¶p­v.

Imhyk¦Â¸w kwkvIrX Imhykn²m´§fn \njvWmX\mbncp¶ XpfkoZmk\v hyàamb Hcp Imhyk¦Â¸ap­m bncp¶p. "OtµmhÀWmÀYkwL §Ä, ck§Ä, awKf§fpw Nabv t¸mcmw' hmWohn\mbIsc hW §ns¡m­mWtÃm Imhyw Bcw`n ¨ncn¡p¶Xv. KpWtZmj§Ä, Ae ¦mcw, ckw apXemb "IhnXm hnth I§Ä (I_nXv_nt_Iv F¶p aqew,1/6/9)' X\n¡nsöv At±lw BWbn«n«pÅXp {i²n¡pI. Ihn XmhnthIsa¶m IhnXsb hmMv ab¯nsâ CXc t`Z§fnÂ\n¶p hnthNn¨v, thÀXncn¨v, Adnbm³ klmbn¡p¶ LSI§Ä. IhnXm hnthI§sfÃmap­mbmepw IhnX IhnXbmIWsa¦n AXv cma\m am¦nXamtbXocq F¶pw At±lw Xd¸n¨p ]dªncn¡p¶p: `ànhiKbmw imcZ, tbmÀ¡th F¯nSpw sh¼n shSnªPaµncw; aänà cmaIYmkv\m\aÃmsX amäphm\m {ia{im´nsbmcphgn. am\n¨nXtÃm IhntImhnZÀ Ienþ amen\ylmcn lcn¸pIÄ ]mSp¶p. {]mIrXÀX³ KpWKm\w XpS§p In ]n¶gteepw XeXÃn `mcXn. (Im.1/tZm.11) Xs¶bpaÃ, Xn¦ÄhZ\NaªhÄ kÀhYm a¦amÀauen hnhkv { Xbmsf¶ t]mÂ, cmaIw t{ijvTIhnIrXImhyhpw cma\mam\znXasæn tim`nbm. (1/10) Cu \ne]mSv l\pams\ s¡m­v cmhWt\mSv BhÀ¯n¸n ¨n«pap­v (5/23). ImhycN\m{]

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]T\w {Inb hnhcn¨ncn¡p¶Xnepw Cu Awi¯n\v Du¶Â sImSp¯ncn ¡p¶p: HmXp¶p hnÚÀ: lrZbw Pe\n[n, _p²n \ÂipànI, imcZ tNmXn bpw; s]bvXp hnNmcPeIWap¯aw s]m¡hnXmaWnap¯pfhmbnSpw; bpàn ssIs¡m­p Xpf¨h tImÀ s¯Spþ ¯p¯aw cmaNcnX¨csSm¶nÂ, \tÃmcWnªp X³ \nÀaew am d¯p \tÃmc\pcmKtim` hfÀ¯nSpw. (1/11) IhnXmaWnap¯pamebp sS tim` klrZba\ÊnemWp hnf §p¶sX¶v, "kckzXymkvX¯zw IhnklrZbmJyw hnPbtX' (kmc kzXX¯zw IhnbpsSbpw klrZ bsâbpw t_m[§fn hnPbn¨cp fp¶p) F¶ A`n\hKp]vXsâ \ne ]mSns\ ([z\ymtemItemN\w awK fmNcWw) A\pcWn¸n¨psIm­v, C§s\bpw shfnhm¡nbncn¡p¶p: amWnIyap¯paWnIÄs¡gpsamfn am\K\mK\mK§fn tim`nbm; `q]IncoSXcpWoX\p¡fn tim`bh aq¶ptaep¶p ]qÀWambv; \¡hnImhyaXpt]msemcnS¯p \m¼n«p asämcnS¯p hnf§p¶p. (1/11) am{XhpaÃ, hnÚkamZcw t\Sm{]_豈 hyÀY{iaw IrXw _meIhnIfmÂ. \mIm]Kt]meJnelnX¦cþ amInte sImÅmhq {ioImhyIoÀ ¯nIÄ. (1/14) tIÄ¡th, sshcw klPw shSn

sªXnÀþ ]£hpw hmgv¯pw kcfw kp\n Àaew IoÀ¯nbpw Imhyhpw am{Xta t\SnSq k¯p¡fmb \ccpsSbm Zcw. (1/14I) CÆn[¯n DZm¯amb Imhyk¦Â¸amWv X\n¡pÅsX ¦nepw, cma\mam¦nXambncn¡pI F¶ Htcsbmcp KpWta Xm³ cNn ¡p¶ Imhy¯n\pÅq F¶v At± lw BWbn«p ]dªn«pÅXv hn\ bwsIm­msW¶p IcpXmw. B KpWapÅXpsIm­v IpImhyam sW¦nepw AXv X\n¡p {]nbam Wt{X (1/6/8).

ZÀi\w \qäm­pIfpsS `mcw t]dn ]ucm WnIXz¯nsâ ]cnthjaWnsª ¯nb cmaIY \m\m`mh¯nepw Xmf¯nepw DÅnse CcpfIäm \p¶n t]À¯pwt]À¯pw ]mSnb XpfkoZmks\¶ bpKIhnbpsS PohnXZÀi\¯nsâ ssNX\yw ]caamb cma`ànbÃmsX asäm¶p aÃ. "tNX\mtNX\anÖKÖm X§Ä kÀhhpw cmaabw', "cma{] Xm]w hnjaXz\miIw' F¶o kqànIÄ XpfkoZmkImhy¯n se PohnXZÀi\¯nsâ AWp`m jyamsW¶p ]dbmw. XpfkoZmk sâ {]Xn`m{]]©¯n FÃmsa Ãmw cma\n ka\znXamWv. At± l¯nsâ Imhykm[\`ànkm[ \bmWv; `ànkm[\bmIs« ka \zbkm[\bpw. XpfkoZmksâ

IhnX kp{_ÒWy³ amtcm«n¨mÂ

Fsâ aIÄ [ocbmWv "Fsâ aIÄ [ocbmWv' ]nXmhv KÂKZw IcfnsemXp¡n s¨mÃp¶p. UÂlnbn `cWN{Iw Xncn¡p¶ kncmtI{µ¯n ]n¨n¨o´s¸s«mtcma ]p{XnX³ ]mXnPoh³ XpSn¡pw aW¯cnIÄ hnfnt¨mXoSp¶p: ""]nXm¡tf! Im¯ncn¡q {IqcZwjv{Sw \n§ÄX³ ]n©pIpªn³ I\ymNÀas¯ s]m«n¡pw Idp¯ IgpI³Xsâ ]£[z\n tIÄ¡p¶p; tIgcptX!''

18

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Pq¬ 2013

ka\zbkm[\ `mcX¯nsâ kw kv I mc¯n AenªptNÀ¶n «pÅ hniztXmapJXzwXs¶ (""B t\m `{Zmx {IXthm b´p hnizXx.''þ EKvthZw, 1.89.1). Cu almam\h kmKcXoc¯Wª \m\mtKm{X Pcmb a\pjycpsS kwkvImc§Ä ebn¨ptNÀ¶v `mcXobX Dcp¯ncn ªXpt]mse, hnhn[hmtZym]Ic W§fnÂ\n¶p \nÀKfn¡p¶ \mZ [mcIÄ ka\znXambn hrµKm\ ambn A\p`qXamIp¶Xpt]mse, hyànbpsSbpw kaql¯nsâbpw PohnX¯nse sshhn[y§fpw sshcp[y§fpw XpfkoZmk{]Xn` bneqsS cmamßIambn GIXzw t\ Sp¶p. cma\mWv XpfkoZmksâ PohnXmZÀiw; hyànbpw kaq lhpw AhX½nse _Ôhpw hy ànbpsS tam£hpw kaql¯nsâ kphyhØbpw kv{Xobpw ]pcpj \pw kv{Xo]pcpj_Ôhpw `qXhpw `mhnbpw FÃmsaÃmw cma\n HXp§p¶p. Cu ZÀi\amWv Xpf koZmksâ PohnXmht_m[¯n sâ aÀaw. BcmWv XpfkoZmksâ cma³? ZicYmßPt\m? aäphà hcptam? c­pw F¶pXs¶ D¯cw. kzambmiànsIm­v {]]©s¯ {]Xn`mkn¸n¡p¶ "AtijImc W]c' (_meImÞw., tÇm. 6)amb \nÀKpW{_Òsa¶Xns¶m¸w tkz Ñmcq]amÀ¶hXcn¨ ZmicYnbpÄ s¸sSbpÅ kKpW{_Ò§fmb AhXmc§fpamWv At±l¯nsâ cma³. BapJ{]kvXmh§fnepw DamatlizckwhmZ¯nepw C¡m cyw At±lw hyàam¡nbn«p­v. XpScpw...


imkv{X-Iu-XpIw tUm kn Pn cma-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

`m

hnhnÚm\obw (Futures Studies) Hcp B[p\nI im

kv{X imJbmWv. BZyIme¯v ^yq¨tdmfPn (Futurology) F¶v Cu imkv{Xw Adnbs¸«ncp¶p. F¶m tPymXnjhpw (astrology) aäpambn _Ôs¸«XmtWm F¶ AÀYi¦ bv¡v CS \ÂIntb¡msa¶Xn\m ^yq¨tdmfPn F¶ t]cv Ct¸mÄ {]Nmc¯nenÃ. ^yqt¨gvkv ÌUokv F¶mWv B[nImcnI \maw. tPym Xnjhpambn `mhn hnÚm\obim kv{X¯n\v Hcp "]peþhmembva' _ Ôw t]mepansöv FSp¯p]dbs«! C¶seIfnse imkv{Xw F§ s\hnIkn¨v C¶s¯ imkv{Xam bn¯oÀ¶p F¶p ]Tn¨v, C¶s¯ imkv{Xkt¦XnIhnImk{]hWX IÄ IW¡nseSp¯v, \mfs¯ im kv{Xkmt¦XnIcwKs¯¸än ZoÀ LZÀi\w sN¿pIbmWv `mhnhn Úm\ob¯nsâ \ntbmKw F¶p Npcp¡n¸dbmw. kmt¦XnI`mj bnÂCXn\v FIv { Sms]mtfj³ (extra polation) AYhm _lnÀth i\w Ft¶m _mlyKW\w F t¶m BWv ]dbpI. KWnXob amXrIm kq{X§Ä (mathematical modeling), Iw]yq«À A\pImcw (computer simulation) apXemb sSIv \n¡pIÄ `mhnhnÚm\ob¯n D]tbmKn¡p¶p. Nne `mhnhnÚm\ob _lnÀ

-`mhnhnÚm\obw thi\§sf AYhm "{]hN\ §sf' \ap¡p ]cntim[n¡mw: 1) ssl{UP³ ImdpIÄ: C¶v ImdpIfn CÔ\ambn D]tbmKn ¡p¶Xv s]t{Smtfm Uoktem B WtÃm. Cu J\nP CÔ\§Ä (fossil fuels) AXnthKw XoÀ¶psIm ­ncn¡pIbmWv. Zie£w hÀj §Ä sIm­v {]IrXn "kzcpIq«nb' Cu J\nP k¼¯pIÄ a\pjy³ [qÀ¯Sn¨v an¡hmdpw XoÀ¯p Ign ªp. AXn\memWv aänÔ\§sf At\zjnt¡­nhcp¶Xv. ssl{U P³ CÔ\amWv ]änb Hcp ]nSn hÅn. Pe¯n \n¶p ssl{UP³ em`Icambn \nÀan¡m\pÅ Xo{h {ia§Ä \S¶psIm­ncn¡p¶p. kmt¦XnI{]iv \ §Ä ]cnlcn ¨m tIhew 25 sImïn\Iw ImÀ, _kv, {S¡v apXemb Hmt«m samss_ hml\§fn CÔ\ ambn ssl{UP³ D]tbmKn¡s¸ Spsa¶v `mhnhnÚm\ob hnZKv[À ]dbp¶p. 2) a\pjyss{UhdnÃm¯ hml\ §Ä: F Un 2100 BIpt¼mtg¡pw

hml\§fn a\pjyss{UhÀamÀ th­nhcnIbnsömWv `mhnhn Úm\obw kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. ]Icw _p²nbpÅ "a\pjykZritdm t_m«p'Ifmbncn¡pw h­n HmSn¡p ¶Xv. At¸mÄ tdmUv A]IS§Ä an¡hmdpw CÃmXmIpw. ImcWw, tdmt_mÀ«v ss{UhÀamÀ aZy]n ¡nÃ, ]ckv]cw aÂkcn¨v h­n HmSn¡pIbnÃ, AhÀ¡v £oWw D­mhpIbpanÃ! 3) ]mc¼cytcmK§fpw aäp alm hym[nIfpw A{]Xy£amIpw: Po³ NnInÂk (gene therapy) hgn ]mc¼cy tcmK§Ä amäm³ km[n ¡pw. {`qWmhØn¯s¶ sshI eyapÅ Po\pIfpsS sshIeyw amäm\pw AYhm Ahbv¡p]Icw BtcmKyapÅ Po\pIÄ k¶nth in¸n¡m\pw km[n¡pat{X. {]tXy IXcw _p²namµyw (Hm«nkw þ autism), lotam^oenb apXemb tcmK§Ä `mhnbn XpS¨p\o¡ s¸Spsa¶mWv ^yqt¨gv Ì Uokv kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. `mhnhnÚm\obw {]IrXnim kv{X§fpsSbpw am\hnIimkv{X §fpsSbpw a[y¯n c­nt\bpw Iq«nbnW¡p¶Xpw c­ntâbpw ]e `mK§fpw kzmwioIcn¡pI bpw sN¿p¶ Hcp "imkv{X]mew' AYhm "{_nPvkb³kv' (bridge science) BsW¶p ]dbmdp­v. KWnXw, `uXnIw, ckX{´w, Poh imkv{X§Ä, sshZyimkv{X§Ä, Ncn{Xw, [\XXzimkv{Xw, cmjv{S X{´w, kmaqlnIimkv{Xw (tkm tjymfPn), \oXn\ymbimkv{Xw, [mÀanIX (ethics) a\Èmkv{Xw Ch sbm¶pw Xs¶ `mhnhnÚm\ob ¯n\v A\yaÃ. `mhnhnÚm\obw F¶ Kuch tadnb imkv{XimJbpsS ImÂ] \nI apJamWv "kb³kv^nIvj³' F¶ imkv{XkmlnXyimJ. hnI knXcmPy§fn {]Npc{]Nmcw t\Sn¡gnª imkv{XkmlnXyim JbmWXv. AtX¸än ]n¶oSv!

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

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sNdpIY sI Pn _n \mbÀ

imcnI ]dª NmÄkv UmÀhnsâ IY t£ {Xhf¸n\p ]n¶n se hbʳ B Âacw. ac¯n\p Npän\pw hr¯mIr Xnbn c­Sns¸m¡¯n B ¯d. D¨bqWpw Ign¨v ]Xnhpt]m se Ben³ Nph«n Rm³ hn{ian ¡pIbmbncp¶p. B¯dbv¡p Xmsg \o­ XmSnbpw XeapSnbp apÅ A¼tXmfw hbÊpÅ ]£n imkv{XÚ\mb XmSn¡mc³. A bmfpsS ap¶nse Iq«n imcnIbpw IqSn\pap¶n ssZh§fpsS ]S§ fpÅ Hcp IqSv No«pw. IÌtagvkv CÃm¯XpImcWw XmSn¡mc³ Xd bnsemcp tXmÀ¯phncn¨v Dd§m³ InS¶p. Cu imcnI BcmsW¶v Adn ªpIqSm¯hÀ¡pth­n ]dªp Xcmw. Xp©s¯gp¯Ñ\v Infn samgn HmXns¡mSp¯ imcnIss¸

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Xensâ ]n³apd¡mcnbmWnhÄ. ChfpsS t]cpw imcnI F¶mWv. C¶se imcnIbpambn kwkmcn¨n cp¶p At¸mÄ C¶pw ho­pw ImWmsa¶p ]dªncp¶p. XmSn ¡mc³ Dd§msX imcnI Ft¶mSv kwkmcn¡pIbnsöv Dd¸v. Rm³ Ahsf t\m¡n. imcnI Xebm«n. AXnsâ AÀYw a\Ênembn. A bmÄ \à Dd¡amhp¶Xphsc Im ¯ncn¡Ww. ]¯pan\n«p Ignª t¸mÄ XmSn¡mcsâ IqÀ¡w hen tI«pXpS§n. C\n kwkmcn¡mw. Rm\mWv kw`mjWw XpS§nbXv. ""imcnI C¶se ]dª Imcy §tfmÀ¯pInS¶ F\n¡v cm{Xn Dd§m³ IgnªnÃ. aebmfIhnX bpsS C¶s¯ AhØsb¸än ]d ªXv F{X icnbmWv. BcmWv C\n aebmf¯n\v Hcp almImhyw

\ÂIpI?'' ""\o AtXmÀ¯p hnjan¡­. Rm\n¶v \nt¶mSv ]dbm³ t]m Ip¶ Imcyw tI«m C¶p cm{Xnbn se \nsâ Dd¡hpw \jvSs¸Spw.'' ""Rm³ cm{XnIsf ]Iem¡p¶ h\mWv. Rm³ icn¡pd§p¶Xv ]IemWv. imcnI ]dtªmfq.'' ""C¶p cmhnse ChnsSmcmÄ ]£nimkv{Xw t\m¡m³ h¶ncp ¶p. F\n¡v Bsf I­t¸mtg a\ Ênembn AbmÄ Ignª P·¯n Bcmbncp¶psh¶v.'' ""imcnIbv ¡ v B Ignhpap t­m?'' ""D­tÃm. \nsâ apJw I­me dnbmw \n\¡pw Ignª P·¯n Bcmbncp¶p F¶dnbm\pÅ B{K lap­¶v.'' ""B{Klaps­¶pÅXp icn bmWv. ]t£ Rms\mcn¡epw tNm Zn¡nÃ. ]dªm tIÄ¡pw A{X Xs¶''. ""A§s\bpÅhscbmWv F\n ¡njvSw. \nsâ ]qÀhP·IYIÄ ]ns¶mcn¡Â ]dªpXcmw. Ct¸m Ä ]£nimkv{Xw t\m¡m³ C¶n hnsS h¶ NmÄknsâ Imcyw ]d bmw. AbmÄ Cu InS¶pd§p¶ Bim\v Z£nW sImSp¯p. AXp ssIbn hm§n sXmgpXn«v B im³ IqSpXpd¶p. Rm³ ]pd¯n d§n No«pIÄ NnIªv Np­p sIm­v Hs¶Sp¯psImSp¯p. B im³ AbmtfmSv t]cpw P\\¯o bXnbpw tPmenbpw tNmZn¨p. AbmÄ ]dªp ""Fsâ t]cv NmÄkv. hbkv ap¸Xv. P\\¯o bXn G{]n ]Xn\mev Bbnc¯n sXmÅmbnc¯n F¬]¯nc­v. bqWnthgvknän tImsfPnse kp thmfPn Un¸mÀ«psaânse Aäâ dmWv.'' Bim³ hÀWNo«p t\m¡n AbmfpsS `mhnsb¸än Fs´m s¡tbm ]dªpsImSp¯p. B


sNdpIY ""Poh\v \ndanÃ, cq]anÃ, `mhanÃ, hmbphns\tbm, i_vZXcwK §sftbm ImWm³ ]änÃtÃm. AXpt]msebmWv Poh\pw. Poh\pÅ Hcp a\pjyt\m, P´pthm, hr£tam acn¡pt¼mÄ Poh³ kzicocw Dt]£n¨v, tX\o¨Iq«ntebv¡v tX\o¨IÄ IqSWbp ¶Xpt]mse, {_Ò¯n ebn¡p¶p.'' im³ AbmtfmSp tNmZn¨p ""F´m \n§fpsS apJs¯mcp hnjmZ `mhw?'' AbmÄ ]dªp ""ImcWw F\n¡pXs¶ AdnbnÃ. Hcp hnjm ZNn´ Fs¶ Ft¸mgpw ]n³XpS cp¶p. Cu P·¯n Rm\dnªp sIm­v sXäpIsfm¶pw sNbvXn «nÃ.'' Bim³ ]ns¶m¶pw ]dªnÃ. imcnI ]dªp ""Cu kw`mj Ww tI«t¸mÄ F\n¡v NncnbmWv h¶Xv. ImcWw AbmÄ Cu P· ¯neà sXäpsNbvXXv.'' AbmÄ Ignª P·w Bcmbn cp¶p F¶dnbm\pw F´psXämWv AbmÄ sNbvXXv F¶dnbm\papÅ Fsâ PnÚmk hÀ[n¨p. Rm³ tNmZy`mh¯n imcnIsb t\m¡n. imcnI XpSÀ¶p. ""tams\IqSp X t\cw PnÚmkbpsS apÄap\ bn \ndp¯Wsa¶v B{KlanÃ. h¶bmÄ Ignª P·w NmÄkv UmÀhn³'' Bbncp¶p. NmÄkv Um Àhn³ acn¨Xv Bbnc¯nF®qän F¬]¯nc­v G{]n ]Xn\m en\v IrXyw \qdpsImÃw Ignªm Wv Cu NmÄknsâ P\\w. sXäp sNbvXXv CbmfÃ. apP·¯nse NmÄkv UmÀhn³ BWv.'' ""At¿m, NmÄkv UmÀhn³ sX äpsNbvsXt¶m. At±lw ]cnWma kn²m´¯nsâ D]ÚmXmhtÃ?'' ""tams\X¦¸m, ]cnWmakn²m ´w BXy´nIasöv acn¡p¶Xn \pap¼v At±l¯n\v a\Ênembn. AXn\p ImcWw At±lw Bbnc ¯nF®qän F¬]¯n H¶v Unkw

_À Ccp]¯nb©mw XobXn I­p ap«m\nSbmb Hcp `mcXob\mb alm{]Xn`bmbncp¶p. At±lw UmÀhn\v a\pjy\pÄs¸sSbpÅ hnhn[ PohPme§fpsS DÂ]¯n sb¸än hniZambn ]dªpsImSp ¯p, sXfnhpklnXw t_m[ys¸Sp ¯ns¡mSp¯p. ""]p\c]nP\\w ]p\c]n acWw ]p\c]n P\\o PT tc ib\w'' F¶ {ioi¦csâhcn IfpsSAÀYw hniZoIcn¨psIm Sp¯p.""Alw{_Òmkv a n''bpsS AÀYw a\Ênem¡ns¡mSp¯p. X sâ ]cnWmakn²m´w ]qÀWam bpw icnbsöp a\Ênem¡nb UmÀhn³ sXäpXncp¯m³ Xocpam \n¨p. At±lw ]pXnb kn²m´w FgpXn¯bmdm¡n. ]t£ At±l ¯nsâ A\pNcÀ At±ls¯ `oj Wns¸Sp¯pIbpw ]pXnb kn²m ´w FgpXnh¨ncp¶Xv I¯n¨pIf bpIbpw sNbvXp. at\mhyY Xm §m\mhmsX At±l¯n\v F¬] ¯nc­v P\phcnbn lrt{ZmKw _m[n¨p. CSbv¡nSbv¡v ITn\amb s\©pthZ\ At±ls¯ Ae«n. a\Êps\m´ UmÀhn³ ]ns¶ A[n IImew Pohn¨nÃ. Bbnc¯nF®q änF¬]¯nc­v G{]n ]Xn\m emw XobXn At±lw acn¨p. IrXyw \qdp hÀjw Ignªv B Poh³ NmÄkmbn ]p\ÀP\n¨p. NmÄkv UmÀhnâ a\Ênep­mbncp¶ Ipä t_m[amWv Cu NmÄkns\bpw ]n´pScp¶Xv.'' ""imcntI, Poh³ F§s\bncn ¡pw.'' ""Poh\v \ndanÃ, cq]anÃ, `mh anÃ, hmbphns\tbm, i_vZXcwK §sftbm ImWm³ ]änÃtÃm. A Xpt]msebmWv Poh\pw. Poh\pÅ Hcp a\pjys\m, P´pthm, hr£ tam acn¡pt¼mÄ Poh³ kzicocw Dt]£n¨v, tX\o¨Iq«ntebv¡v tX \o¨IÄ IqSWbp¶Xpt]mse, {_ Ò¯n ebn¡p¶p. Cu {]]© ¯nsehnsSsb¦nepw Hcp Poh³ \m¼nSm\XpS§pt¼mÄ {_Ò¯n Â\n¶v Hcp Poh³ ]p\ÀP\n¡m \mbn hcp¶p. ]qÀhP·¯n a\p jy\mbncp¶ HcmÄ ]p\ÀP· ¯n a\pjy\mtbm sNSnbmtbm, P´phmtbm GXp cq]¯nepw P\n ¡mw. Ah\hsâ IÀa^ea\pkcn ¨mbncn¡pw ]p\ÀP·w.'' imcnI ]dª {_ÒhnZy tI« Rm³ AÔmfn¨ncp¶p. Rm³ ]dªp ""imcnIsb Rm³ ]qÀW ambn hnizkn¡p¶p. ]t£ UmÀhn sâ kn²m´w sXämsW¶mtWm ]dbp¶Xv?.''

""tamsâ AÔmfn¸pw Nn´mIpg ¸hpw Rm³ a\Ênem¡p¶p. {]] ©clky¯nsâ tImSnbnsemcw iw t]mepw a\pjy³ a\Ênem¡n bn«nÃ. ]n¶tà ]cnWmakn²m´w. UmÀhnsâ kn²m´w ]qÀWambpw icnbÃ. PohnX kmlNcy§Ä¡ \pkcn¨v a\pjy\pÄs¸sS FÃm PohPme§fpw Poh³ Ignbp¶{X \ne\ndp¯p¶Xn\v, ]cnXØnXn ItfmSv ]qÀWambpw CW§nt¨cp ¶Xn\v ]e amÀK§fpw kzoIcn ¡pw F¶Xv t\cv. a\pjy³ Ipc §mtbm Ipc§v a\pjy\mtbm ]p\ÀP\n¡mw. a\pjy³ arK§sf t¸msebpw hnjP´p¡sft¸m sebpw s]cpamdp¶Xn\p ImcWw IÀa^ehpw, apP·hmk\bpamWv. C¶p \mw ImWp¶ ]e AXn{Ia §Ä¡pw ImcWw asäm¶Ã. ssZ h¯nsâ Gähpw al¯pw ]cahp amb krjvSn a\pjy\mWv. asämcp Pohn¡pw ssZhw _p²niàn C§s\ hmcnt¡mcn \ÂInbn«nÃ. B _p²niànsb \à Imcy§ Ä¡v D]tbmKn¨m a\pjy\v \¶v. Zpjv{]hr¯nIÄ¡v D]tbm Kn¨m hn\miambncn¡pw ^ew. ]p\ÀP·w Hcp XpSÀ{]{InbbmWv. Cuizckm£m¡mcw t\Snbm ]ns¶ ]p\ÀP·ap­mIbnÃ. B \nebnse¯nbn«pÅ a\pjycpsS kwJy Xptemw IpdhmWv F¶Xv kXyw.'' Rm³ imcnIsb AÂ`pXt¯m sS t\m¡n. ""imcnIbv ¡ v C¡mcysaÃmw F§s\bdnbmw?'' ""AXv thsdmcp IYbmWv . C\nsbmcn¡Â ]dªpXcmw.'' ""imcnI ]dªpX¶XmsW¶v ]dªv Rm³ UmÀhnsâ IY B tcmsS¦nepw ]dªm Ahscs¶ {`m´s\¶p hnfn¡pw.'' ""A¸dªXp icnbmWv. Btcm Spw ]dbm³ t]mI­. AXp \nsâ a\ÊnÂXs¶ Ccp¶m aXn. Ct¶¡v C{Xbpw aXn. XmSn¡mc³ DWcmdmbn. C\n \msf'' ""Hcp Imcyw IqSn tNmZnt¨ms«?'' ""tNmZnt¨mfq.'' ""imcnI {XnImeÚ BW tÃm! kpthmfPn Un¸mÀ«psaânse Aä³UÀ NmÄkv Ct¸mÄ F´p sN¿p¶p?'' imcnI Nncn¨psIm­p ]dªp ""at\mhnjaw amäm\pÅ X{X¸m Sn Abmfnt¸mÄ Fw Pn tdmUn epÅ t^mdn³en¡Àjm¸n\pap¶n  Iyq \n¡pIbmWv.''

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21


teJ\w tUm FÂ kpja

hnhÀ¯\¯nsâ cmjv{Sobw `m cXob `mjIfnseÃmw B ZyImes¯ {it²bcmb Fgp¯pImscÃmw hnhÀ¯IcmWv. aebmfs¯ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw ]ZykmlnXy¯nsâbpw KZykm lnXy¯nsâbpw {]mcw`w hnhÀ¯ \¯n \n¶mWv. F¶m alm`m cXw XÀPpa sNbvX Ipªn¡p«³ X¼pcm³, hmÂaoIo cmambWhpw EtKzZhpw XÀPpa sNbvX hff t¯mÄ, A`nÚm\imIp´fw XÀ Ppa sNbvX tIcfhÀa henb tIm bn¯¼pcm³, taLktµiw, imIp ´fw, amfhnImánan{Xw XpS§nb \mSI§Ä XÀPpa sNbvX F BÀ cmPcmPhÀa, t{]X§Ä hnhÀ¯ \w sNbvX tIkcn F _meIrjv W]nff, ]mh§Ä XÀPpa sNbvX \me¸mS³ XpS§nbhscbmWv ae bmf kmlnXyNcn{X§Ä hnhÀ¯ IcpsS ]«nIbn DÄs¸Sp¯nbn«p ffXv.

hnhÀ¯\§sf ASbmfs¸Sp ¯Â kmlnXyNcn{X§fpw aäpw ]cntim [n¨m GsXmcp kmlnXyhn`mK s¯¡pdn¨pw ]cmaÀin¡pt¼mÄ Hcp {KÙkqNn hnhcWwt]mse

hfft¯mÄ

22

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

bmWv hnhÀ¯Iscbpw IrXnIsf bpw ASbmfs¸Sp¯p¶Xv. kmln XyNcn{X¯n Ahsb¡pdn¨p IqSpX ]dbmsX ]Zm\p]Zw, hr ¯m\phr¯w, hmIym\phmIyw F¶n§s\ `mjobamb FtXII s¯bmWv hnhÀ¯IÀ ASnØm\ am¡nbsX¶p kqNn¸n¡p¶p­m hpw. hfft¯mfnsâbpw Ipªn ¡p«³ X¼pcmsâbpw hnhÀ¯\ ]cn{ias¯ kmlknIsas¶®p Ibpw sN¿p¶p.

]mÀizoIrXhnhÀ¯IÀ Hmtcm kmlnXyhn`mK¯nepw IS ¶ph¶n«pff A\y`mjmIrXnIsf F®s¸Sp¯pIsb¶ e£yamWv B `mK§Ä¡pffXv. ta¸dª hnhÀ¯IcpsS t]sc¦nepw \½Ä HmÀan¡p¶ps­¦n hn Fkv JWv tU¡dpsS bbmXn, _wKmfnt\mh epIfmb BtcmKy\ntIX\w, Ggp NphSv, KWtZhX XpS§nbh, G Im´XbpsS \qdphÀj§Ä apX embn aebmfnkaqlw kz´sa¶ t]mse kzoIcn¨ IrXnIfpsShn hÀ¯IÀ BcmsW¶p ]dbm³ aebmfnIfn F{Xt]À¡p Ignbp sa¶pw BtemNn¡Ww. C¯c¯n kmlnXyNcn{X §fn hnhÀ¯IÀ¡pw hnhÀ¯\ IrXnIÄ¡pw kw`hn¡p¶ ]mÀizo IcW¯n\p ]n¶nepff {]Xybim kv { Xs¯ ]cntim[n¡pIbmWv Cu teJ\¯n sN¿p¶Xv. bqtdmtI{µnX[mcW: kaaqey Xm kn²m´w hnhÀ¯\w F¶XpsIm­v \mw kmamt\y\ AÀYam¡p¶Xv Hcp IrXnbnse Bibs¯ H«pw tNmÀ ¶pt]mImsX asämcp `mjbnte¡p amäp¶ {]{InbbmWtÃm. tNmÀ¶p t]mIcpsX¶p am{Xaà H¶pw Ip«n t¨À¡p¶Xn\pw kzmX{´yw hnhÀ ¯I\nÃ. X¯peyamb hnhÀ¯\ s¯bmWv D¯aamb hnhÀ¯\ ambn AwKoIcn¡pI. C¯c¯n GsX¦nepw IrXnsb asämcp `mj bnte¡p amäm³ Ignbptam F¶ {]

tIcfhÀa henb tImbn¯¼pcm³

iv\s¯¡mÄ Cu \nÀhN\w F ¶papX {]NcW¯nse¯n A sæn {]kn²ambn F¶p Nn´n t¡­Xp­v. hnhÀ¯\s¯¡p dn¨pÅ \nÀhN\§fpw ap³[mcW Ifpsams¡ bqtdmtI{µoIrXamWv. hnhÀ¯\sa¶Xns\ kaXp eyX F¶ AfhptImeneqsS ]cn tim[n¨p XpS§p¶Xv tImf\oIc Whpw aX{]NcWhpambn _Ô s¸«mWv. kwkvImciq\ycmb P\ Xsb kwkvImc \thm°m\¯n te¡p \bn¡m\pff {iaw tImf\n bpambn _Ôs¸« {]hÀ¯\amWv. AXn\mbn AhÀ {InkvXpaX¯n sâ ]cn[nbnte¡p tImf\nP\X sb sIm­phcm\pff {iaw\S¯n. At¸mÄ aX{KÙamb ss__nfn sâ hnhÀ¯\w Ahiy{]hÀ¯\ ambn h¶p. ss__nfnsâ hnhÀ¯ \w hgn ssZhhN\§Ä¡p hyXy kv X hymJym\§fp­mImXncn ¡pI AhcpsS Bhiyambncp¶p. ssZhhN\§Ä¡p amäw kw`hn ¡mXncn¡m³th­n B[nImcn IX, hnizmkyX, kaaqeyX F¶o Bib§Ä¡p {]m[m\yap­mbn. X§Ä B{Kln¡p¶ coXnbn am{Xw ss__nÄ hmbn¡Wsa¶ \nÀ_Ô_p²nbmbncp¶p kaaq


teJ\w Fwt{_mbvUdn XpWnbpsS ASnbnepw apIfnepapff `mK§Ä¡v X½nepff _ÔamWv aqeIrXnbpw hnhÀ¯\¯n\pw \ÂInbncp¶Xv. Cu c­phi§fpw X½n kmayt¯msSm¸w Xs¶ hyXykvXXbpap­v. ImcWw apIfnse Nn{X¯nsâ \qepIfpw Abª\qen³ IjW§fpw \qensâ X¿tem«hpw aäpw Xmsg ImWpw. eyXmkn²m´¯n\p ]n¶nepffXv. ss__nÄ hnhÀ¯\§Ä hgn aq eIrXnIÄ¡p ZnhyXzhpw ssI h¶p. A§s\ ss__nÄ hnhÀ ¯\w tImf\n {]tZi§fn ]pXn sbmcp hnhÀ¯\kn²m´¯n\p ImcWambn¯oÀ¶p. aqeIrXn¡pw Fgp¯pImc\pw {]m[m\yw \ÂIn s¡m­pff hnhÀ¯\kn²m´w tImf\n{]tZi§fn {]Nmc¯n h¶t¸mÄ kzm`mhnIambn e£y IrXn, hnhÀ¯I³ F¶nhbpsS Øm\w A{][m\amIpIbpw sN bvXp.

F BÀ cmPcmPhÀa

Fwt{_mbvUdn¸Wn t]mse kaaqeyXmkn²m´¯neqsS hnh À¯\s¯ ImWp¶ coXnbmtWm ]uckv X y tZi§fnep­mbncp ¶Xv? AÂ]w Ncn{X¯neqsS CXn s\ ]cntim[n¡mw. ssN\okv `mj bn hnhÀ¯\¯n\p ^m³bn F¶mWp ]dbp¶Xv. ^m³ F¶ Xn\p tSWn Mv HmhÀ, ^vfn]v, k½À kmÄ«v Fs¶Ãmw AÀYw; bn F ¶m hymJym\sa¶pw FIvkvtN ©v F¶pw AÀYap­v. ^m³bn F¶ hm¡n\p Fwt{_mbnUdnbp ambpw _Ôap­v. Fwt{_mbvUdn XpWnbpsS ASnbnepw apIfnep apff `mK§Ä¡v X½nepff _Ô amWv aqeIrXnbpw hnhÀ¯\¯n \pw \ÂInbncp¶Xv. Cu c­phi §fpw X½n kmayt¯msSm¸w Xs¶ hyXykvXXbpap­v. ImcWw apIfnse Nn{X¯nsâ \qepIfpw Abª \qen³IjW§fpw \qen sâ X¿tem«hpw aäpw Xmsg Im Wpw. A§s\ hnhÀ¯\sa¶p sh ¨m Xpeyamb H¶ns\bà ssN \okv `mjI­ncp¶Xv. Hcp hiw Xp¶ns¡m­ncn¡pt¼mįs¶ adphi¯p­mIp¶ cq]w hyXykv XamsW¶ Nn´ ]uckvXyÀ¡p ­mbncp¶p. A\phmZv, cq]m´À, ]cmhÀ¯ \w, hnhÀ¯\w, ]cn`mj XpS§nb hbmWv `mcXob `mjIfn hnhÀ ¯\s¯ Ipdn¡p¶ ]Z§Ä. A\p hmZv F¶Xn\p t\ct¯ ]dªXp ho­pw ]dbpI, hymJym\klnXw ho­pw BhÀ¯n¡pI, D«m Fs¶ms¡bmWÀYw. ]cn`mj kw kvIrX ]ZamWv. \nÀhN\w, hym Jym\w, XÀPpa, kwt{]£Ww F¶n§s\ AÀYw. cq]m´À þ Hcp cq]¯nepffXns\ asäm¶nem ¡pI. ]cmhÀ¯\w þ asämcp cq] ¯nte¡p amäpI. hnhÀ¯\w þ kwkv I rX`mjm]ZamWv . H¶p asäm¶mbn tXm¶Â, {]XymKa\w F¶paÀYw. Ad_nbnse XÀPpa F¶ hm¡n\pw hymJym\w, PohN cn{Xsas¶ms¡bmWv aäÀY§Ä. Cu hm¡pIfnsem¶pw XpeyX F¶ Bibw IS¶phcp¶nÃ. asämcmfpsS km¶n[ys¯ AwKo Icn¡p¶p­pXm\pw. Hcp IrXnbpsS ]p\cmKa\¯n  kw`hn¡p¶ amäs¯ AwKoIcn ¡p¶ coXnbmWv `mcXob k¦Â] ¯nepffXv. C³Uy³ `mjIfnse Ãmw Xs¶ Bibhn\nabtijnbp ff ]ZamWv hnhÀ¯\w. Cu ]Z ¯nsâ AÀYw {]XymKa\sa¶m Wv. AXmbXv ho­papff hchv

tIkcn F _meIrjvW]nff

AYhm Xncn¨phchv. B AÀY¯n ÂXs¶bmWv C³Uy³ `mjI fn BZyIme¯v ]pcmW CXnlm k§sf D]Pohn¨psIm­pff IrXnIsf a\Ênem¡nbncp¶Xv. ]p\chXmckn²m´hpw aäpw ]n¡me¯p­mb hmÄ«À s_ ©ansâ ]p\chXmckn²m´¯n\v CXpambpff kmayw hfsctbsd bmWv. D«m F¶ ]Z¯n\v ^m³ bntbmSv kZriymÀYhpw IÂ]n ¡mw. hymJym\sa¶Xp `mcXob `mjIfn ]SÀ¶p ]´en¨ Hcp coXnbmWv. Hcp hm¡n\p/Bib ¯n\p \ÂImhp¶ _lpkzcX bmWv AXnsâ iàn. A§s\ _lpkzcXbv¡p {]m[m\yw \ Ip¶ hnhÀ¯\ \nÀhN\§fmWv Gjybn \nehnep­mbncp¶Xv. F¶m k¦pNnXamb HcÀYamWv {Sm³kvtej³ F¶ ]Z¯n\p ffXv. Cu ]Zw emän\n \n¶p Cw ¥ojv `mj kzoIcn¨XmWv. FSp ¯psIm­pt]mIpI, HcnS¯p\n¶v asämcnSt¯¡p amäpI F¶n§s\ AÀYw. hkvXp/hkvXpX amdp¶nÃ. Øetam (`mjtbm) amdp¶p. HcmÄ ]dªXns\ ho­pw ]dbpt¼mÄ hcp¶ hyXnbm\s¯ ]uckvXyÀ AwKoIcn¨ncp¶p. `mcX¯nsâ hnhÀ¯\ k{¼Zmb§sf¡pdn¨p BtemNn¡pt¼mÄ kwkvIrXP \yamb `mjIfmWnhnsS Gsdbp ffsX¶p ad¡m\mhnÃ. {ZmhnU ¯nepw C³tUm Bcy³ tKm{X¯n epws]« `mcXob`mjIÄ kwkvIr X¯nsâ Ombbn \n¶psIm­p CXnlmk]pcmW D]\nj¯pI fn \n¶p IYmhkvXphns\ kzoI cn¨p. Hmtcm ImeL«hpw X§Ä¡

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

23


teJ\w \ptbmPyamb e£yt¯mSpIqSn bmWv Cu IrXnIsf ho­pw ho­pw XncsªSp¯Xv. C¯cw hnhÀ¯\ ]mc¼cy s¯ lcojv{XnthZn hnhÀ¯\¯n se BÂackn²m´sa¶mWp hnfn ¡p¶Xv. Hcp BÂac¯nÂ\n¶p (t]cmÂ) Xm§pthcpIfnd§n a®n se¯pIbpw Ah hepXmbn aqehr £¯ns\m¸tam AXnt\¡mÄ h epXmtbm cq]m´cw {]m]n¡p¶p. A§s\\o­p]c¶p InS¡p¶ B Âac¯n BZnacw (aqehr£w) GXmsW¶p Xncn¨dnbm\mhm¯ AhØbp­mIpI. A§s\ ]SÀ ¶p ]´en¨pInS¡p¶ hShr£ §fpsS Iq«w. Cu hr£§Ä¡p Hmtcm¶n\pw kz´amb AkvXnXz ap­mbncn¡pw. H¸w Xs¶ Ah a säm¶nsâ XpSÀ¨bpamWv. CXpX s¶bmWp `mcXob hnhÀ¯\]mc ¼cys¯ Ipdn¨p ]dbpt¼mÄ Gä hpw tbmPn¨Xv. hyXykvXXIsf bpw hyXnbm\§sfbpw AwKoIcn ¡pIbpw BZcn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ coXn. ]p\ÀP· hnizmknIfmb `mc XobÀ Bßmhv ]e icoc§sf kzoIcn¡p¶psh¶ Nn´bpffh cmbncp¶p. kzoIcn¡s¸Sp¶ icoc §Ä Hcpt]msebpffXsöpw ]p gphmbpw, ]pÃmbpw, \cnbmbpw, \m cnbmbpw XpS§n GXpcq]¯nepw BImsa¶v hnizkn¨ncp¶p. AXp am{XaÃ, Imem\pkrXamb coXnbn epff AhXmck¦Â]hpw ]cnNn XamWv. AXn\m¯s¶ ]pcmW CXnlmk§fnÂ\n¶pff icoc¸ IÀ¨bmbpw AhXmcambpw hnhÀ ¯\s¯ kzoIcn¡m³ Hcp _p²n ap«pw D­mbnÃ. alm`mcX¯n \n¶v imIp´ fw IYsbSp¯v at\mlcambn ]p\ ÊrjvSn¨ ImfnZmk³ t{ijvT\mb Fgp¯pImc³ Xs¶bmWv. F Un BZy\qäm­n Xs¶ D¯ccmaN cnXhpw Ducp`wKhpw IÀW `mchpw XpS§n ssZhk¦Â]§sf¯ s¶ tNmZyw sN¿p¶ IrXnIÄ D­mbn«p­v. A{]amZn¯w IÂ]n t¡­ aX{KÙ§fmbà Chsb A¡me¯p I­ncp¶Xv. {Ko¡p kmlnXy ]mc¼cy¯n epw CXpXs¶bmWv ØnXn. Hcp hm¡n\p Xpeyambn asämcp hms¡ ¶ k¦Â]hpw CÃmbncp¶p. \nL ­p¡Ä apt¶m«psh¡p¶ Hmtcm ]Z¯n\pw kmµÀ`nI AÀY¯nsâ hyXykvXX Xncn¨dnªncp¶p. hm NymÀY¯n\¸pdw \n¡p¶ [z\n bpw, A\pam\mÀYhpw iàamb

24

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

kn²m´§fneqsS ]uckvXycnep d¨ncp¶p. AXn\m¯s¶ ]Zm\p ]Zw F¶ GII¯neqsSbpff hn hÀ¯\k¦Â]w `mcXobÀ¡p ­mbncp¶nsöp IcpXmw. {]_ Ôh{IXbneqsS ht{Imànkn²m ´hpw aäpw ]n³Xeapdbv¡p \ Ip¶ kzmX{´yw hfsc hnime amWv. Iq«nt¨À¡epw sh«n¡pdbv ¡epw hcnIÄ¡nSbnse hmb\ bpw AwKoIcn¨ncp¶ hnhÀ¯\co XnbmWp­mbncp¶Xv. aebmf¯nse iàcpw {]ikv Xcpamb Nocma³, I®È·mÀ, sN dptÈcn, Fgp¯Ñ³, Ip©³\ ¼ymÀ, cma]pc¯p hmcnbÀ, D®m bnhmcnbÀ XpS§nbhsc kmlnXy Ncn{X¯n hnhÀ¯\{KÙkqNn bneà DÄs¸Sp¯nbn«pffsX¶pw ImWmw. F´psIm­mWv A§s\ kw`hn¨n«pffsX¶p Nn´n¡mw. X¯peyhnhÀ¯Icà Chsc¶ XmWv ImcWw. kmlnXyNcn{X cN\Bcw`n¡p¶Xv bqtdmtI{µnX Nn´mKXnIfn \n¶mWv. AXn \m¯s¶ hnhÀ¯\¯n\v Xpey Xmkn²m´amWv kmlnXyNcn{X §Ä kzoIcn¨Xv. XpeyXmkn²m ´w kzoIcn¡pt¼mÄ kÀKmÂa I{]hÀ¯\s¯¡mÄ Xmgv¶ Hcp {]hÀ¯\ambn hnhÀ¯\s¯ Im tW­nh¶p. kÀKmßIambn aqe IrXnbn CSs]«psIm­v kz´w IÀXrXzw Øm]n¨ Fgp¯pImsc AXpsIm­v kmlnXyNcn{Xw hnh À¯Icmbn Øm\w Xmgv¯nbnÃ. I®È³, Fgp¯Ñ³, \¼ymÀ XpS §nbhÀ¡v hnhÀ¯Icmbn Øm \w \ÂInbm AhcpsS IrXnI Ä¡v alXzw Ipdbpsa¶ `b¯m emWv A§s\ DÄs¸Sp¯mXncp ¶Xv. hnhÀ¯\¯n\p \ÂInb Xp eyX F¶ kn²m´¯n \n¶v ]pd¯pIS¶m am{Xta Cu hnj b¯n\p apànbpffq. ]p\ÊrjvSn¡p {]m[m\yw 1960 IÄ¡v tijamWv bqtdm]y³ kÀKmßIamb ]p\Êrjv S nsb hnhÀ¯\ambn AwKoIcn¡p¶Xv. hnhÀ¯\sa¶Xn \n¶p Xpey Xmk¦Â]w amdpIbpw hyXnbm\ §sf AwKoIcn¡pIbpw ]p\Êr jvSn¡p {]m[m\yw IS¶phcnIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. At\Iw `mjI fpw At\Iw IrXnIfpapffnS¯p \n¶v H¶p XncsªSp¡pt¼mÄ apXemcw`n¡p¶ {]Xybimkv{X] camb CSs]SepIsf¡pdn¨v C¶v hnhÀ¯\]T\§Ä {i²n¡p¶p. Häsbmä hnhÀ¯\]T\w F¶Xn

kÀKmßIambn aqe IrXnbn CSs]«psIm­v kz´w IÀXrXzw Øm]n¨ Fgp¯pImsc AXp sIm­v kmlnXyNcn{Xw hnhÀ¯Icmbn Øm\w Xmgv¯nbnÃ. I®È³, Fgp¯Ñ³, \¼ymÀ XpS §nbhÀ¡v hnhÀ¯ Icmbn Øm\w \ÂInbm AhcpsS IrXnIÄ¡v alXzw Ipdbpsa¶ `b¯memWv A§s\ DÄs¸Sp ¯mXncp¶Xv. \¸pdw Hcp hnhÀ¯\IrXn e£y kwkvImc¯nsâ kmlnXy¯n GsXÃmw Xc¯nepff CSs]Sep IÄ \S¯p¶psh¶v ]T\hnjbam ¡p¶p­v. hnhÀ¯\sa¶XnÂ\n¶v Xpey Xmk¦Â]w amän hnhÀ¯\§sf C¯c¯n DÄs¸Sp¯ns¡m­v kmlnXyNcn{XcN\\S¯pt¼mÄ \nehnep­mbncp¶ AXncpIÄ amän Øm]nt¡­nhcpsa¶v Cäm a³ Chm³ skmlÀ A`n{]mbs¸ Sp¶p­v. AXmbXv kzX{´IrXn Isf¶v IcpXnbhsb¡mÄ amä ¯nsâbpw ]pXpabpsSbpw Awi §Ä kmlnXy¯n sIm­phcp ¶Xv hnhÀ¯\amsW¶v a\Ênem ¡m³ Ignbpw. hnhÀ¯\s¯ amän \nÀ¯ns¡m­v GsXmcp `mjbp sS kmlnXyNcn{X¯n\pw {]k ànbnsöv Xncn¨dnªpIgnªn cn¡p¶p. 1. Bassnett, Susan and Harish Trivedi. Ed. Poat-Colonial Translation: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge, 1999. 2. Benjamin, Walter. “The Task of the Translator”. Illuminations. Trans. Harry Zohn. Ed.Hannah Arendt. London: Fontana, 1973. 3. Johnson, Barbara. “Taking Fidelity P h i l o s o p h i c a l l y ” . D i ff e r e n c e i n Translation. Ed. Joseph F.Graham. Ithaca NY: Cornell UP, 1985.


Iem-temIw IemteJI³

Adnbs¸tS­ Hcp hmt¤bImc\pw lrZyamb Hcp It¨cnbpw

im

kv{XobkwKoX¯nse tIcfob]mc¼cy¯n sâ t{]mÂkml\¯nëth­n tUm hn BÀ {]t_m[N{µ³ \mbêsS A[y£Xbn A´mcm {ãXe¯n {]hÀ¯nç¶ kwkv IrXn F¶ kwLS\bpsS Xnêh\ ´]pcs¯ {]Xnamk]cn]mSnbmbn tabv aq¶mw i\nbmgvN hnthIm \µ kmwkvImcnItI{µ¯n h¨p \S¶ It¨cn lrZyambn. ImeSnbn se {ioi¦cmNmcy kÀhIemime bnse kwKoXhn`mKm[y£ tUm {]oXn kXojv Bbnêì KmbnI. {io ssI¸«qÀ cm[mIrjvW³ (hben³), {io N§\mticn sI BÀ Pb³ (arZwKw), {io cmakzman þ{ioIWvtTizcw þ (LSw) F¶nhÀ tNÀì \ÂInb AI¼Sn {]IS t\m·pJX Xoc©pw Hgnhm¡nb {]oXnbpsS kzXÊn²a[pcmem] \s¯ a[pcXcam¡n. kaImenItIcfob hmt¤bIm c·mcn {it²b\mb {io F³ ]n cmakzman (FÀWmæfw: P\\w:1931 BKÌv 21) kwkvIrXcN\Ifpw Hê Xangv IrXnbpamWv {]oXn Ah Xcn¸n¨Xv. almcmPm kzmXnXnê \mfnsâ BØm\hnZzm\mbnê¶ ]me¡m«p ]ctaizc`mKhXêsS ]mc¼cy¯n thZw, kwKoXw, arZwKhmZ\w F¶o cwK§fn A Km[amb ]mÞnXyw A`n\nthiw AÀ¸Wt_m[w F¶nhbm Aë KrloX\mbn D¯a\mb A[ym] Iëw hmt¤bImcëambn PohnXw Xs¶ Hê kwKoXk]cybm¡n¡ gnbp¶ {io F³ ]n cmakzman hnhn [`mjIfnembn KW]Xn, ]ctaiz c³, {ioIrjvW³, {iocma³, imkv Xmhv, BRvPt\b³ XpS§nb an¡ {][m\tZhXIsfbpw ædn¨v Ht«sd IrXnIÄ cNn¨n«p­v. Ah bn cmKap{Zbpw tKm]pÑbXnbpw aäpw hê¶ IrXnIfpw, hÀWw XnÃm\F¶o C\§fpw DÄs¸

tUm {]oXn kXojv It¨cn AhXcn¸n¡p¶p

Spì. ]me¡m«p ]ctaizc`mKhXÀ Nn«s¸Sp¯nb hÀW§Ä a{Zmkv a}knIv A¡mZanbn ÇmL\ob amwh®w AhXcn¸n¨Xpw, tIcf kÀhIemimebn AXnYn A[ym ]I\mbn tkh\aëjv T n¨Xpw, BImihmWnbnse G tSm]v t{KUv BÀ«nÌv, tIcfkwKoX\m SI A¡mZanbpsSbpw aäpw ]pckv Imc§Ä F¶o AwKoImc§Ä ssIh¶Xpw {io cmakzmansb {it²b\m¡nbXv Npê§nb Hê hr¯¯n am{Xw. Cu ]Ým¯ e¯n {]oXnbpsS Cu Kpê]qP {]tXyIw A`n\µ\obamhpì. IochmWnbnepÅ BZnXmfhÀ W¯n¯pS§nb It¨cn {ioa lmKW]Xnw Alw htµ kXXw (Bc`nþ JÞNm¸v), kckzXn `mcXn c£ amw (]qÀhnIeymWnþ cq]Iw), hocw BRvPt\bw (ATm W þ BZn), apcfo[c a[pkqZ\ (lntµmfw þ BZn), tZhn AJnem

tÞizcn (lnµpØm\nbnse {[p ]Znsâ ssienbn _nlmKv þ BZn c­pIf;) F¶o IrXnIfneqsS A¶s¯ apJy C\amb inhw ]c ainhw A\´inh¯n (tXmSnþ an{i Nm¸v) F¯n. tXmSnbpsS imeo\emhWy¯nsâ an¡ AS êIfpw {]oXn Hs¶m¶mbn hnSÀ ¯n¡m«n. X\nbmhÀ¯\¯n cmakzm anbpsS LSw arZwK¯ns\m¸¯n s\m¸w \nÂçIbpw HSphn Cê hmZy§fpw GIthWnbmsbmgpIn sIm«n¡eminçIbpw sNbv X Aë`hw tNtXmlcambn. XpSÀ¶v hkptZhkpXw tKmhnµw (hrµmh \kmcwKw), icWw icWw (knw tl{µa[yaw þBZn), {iocma Pb cma (knÔpss`chnþ an{i GI) F¶o eLpIrXnIÄçtijw \m«çdnªnbn Xangn cNn¨ XnÃm\tbmsS It¨cn kawKfw ]cyhkm\n¨p.

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

25


Fw sI cma-N-{µ-\p-ambn kw`m-jWw kz´w teJ-I³

a

[yhbÊp ]n¶n« kP³ tZhnbpsS ho«nemWv Fw sI cmaN{µ\v Xmakw Hcp¡nbncp ¶Xv. ChcpsS `À¯mhv ]pds¯hn sStbm tPmensN¿p¶p. Un{Kn¡p ]Tn¡p¶ c­p s]¬a¡Ä tZhn ¡p­v: AarXbpw N{µ¡ebpw. F\n¡mbn Hcp¡nbncp¶ InS ¸papdn I­v Rm³ AÂ`pXs¸«p. acwsIm­v X«p XoÀ¯ B apdn Hcp \£{Xtlm«Â apdnt]mse tXm ¶n. lna\ncIfn \ns¶mgpInh¶ IpfnÀsX¶Â XnI¨pw \nÀhrXnZm bIw. [ym\¯n GÀs¸Sm³ Rm ³ X¿mdmbn. In¶cs¸«nbpw hoWbpw X_e bpw tNÀs¶mcp¡nb In¶ckwKo Xw Fs¶ A\p`qXn\nÀ`camb a sämcp Xe¯n F¯n¨p. kP³ tZhnbpw a¡fpw Fsâ klmbn cm tPjvIpamdpw B kwKoX [mcbn ]¦mfnIfmbn. tcm«nbpw ]¨¡dn hn`h§fpw tNÀ¶ A¯mgw Ign ¨p. Ac¥mÊv Im¨nb]mepw. Dd §m³ InS¡pt¼mÄ In¶c{Kma s¯¡pdn¨pff Nn´IÄ a\Êns\ aYn¨psIm­ncp¶p.

26

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

HgpInsb¯nb hnjmZkwKoXw hnjmZmÀ{Zamb Hcp kwKoX[z\n tI«n«mWv Rm³ DWÀ¶Xv. ]cnk ct_m[w h¶ tijhpw AXv F¶n te¡v GXm\pw \nanjt\cw HgpIn sb¯n. kabw t\m¡nbt¸mÄ IrXyw aq¶caWn. hmXn Xpd¶v hcm´bnte¡p IS¶p. cmtPjvIp amÀ Hcp aqebn aqSn¸pX¨p InS ¶pd§p¶p. In¶À{Kmaw im´\n{Z bnemWv. hr£§fnse XfncneIÄ Nen¡p¶ps­¦nepw ]qÀW\ni _vZXXs¶. {ihtW{µnb§sf GIm{Kam¡n IgnhXpw {ians¨¦n epw kwKoX[z\nbpsS B amsämen ]n¶oSp tIÄ¡pIbp­mbnÃ. ] t£ H¶pam{Xw Rm\pd¸n¨p. AXv shdpw tXm¶embncp¶nÃ. shffw IpSn¨tijw Dd§m³ ho­pw InS¶p; km[n¨nÃ. hnjmZmÀ{Zamb B kwKoX[z\n Fsâ lrZbs¯ sasà ap«nt\mhn¨psIm­ncp¶p. {]]©krjvSnbpsS CuänÃamb almtacp ]ÀhXw A©paWn Ignªt¸mÄ ]pdt¯ ¡nd§n. _mkv]\Znbn ap§n¡p

fn¡pIbmbncp¶p e£yw. \S¯ hpw XWp¯pachn¨ \Znbnse Ip fnbpw Ignªt¸mÄ Dt·jwtXm ¶n. kP³tZhnbpsS NqSpff Nmb sam¯n¡pSn¨psIm­v kptacp ]À hX\ncbn kqcy_nw_w DZn¨pb cp¶Xv BImw£tbmsS t\m¡n \n¶p: Hcp Aán]ÀhXw s]m«nhnS cp¶Xpt]mse. XoPzmet]mse \nd¡q«pIÄ lnairwK§fnte¡v ]SÀ¶p Ibdp¶p. \Sp¡apfhm ¡p¶ Zriyw. AÂ]w Ignª t¸mÄ AánhÀWw Im©\tim` bv¡v hgnamdns¡mSp¯p. kptacp ]ÀhXw X¦hÀW¯n BdmSn \n¶t¸mÄ kpIpamc IhnbpsS {io IrjvWhnemkw almImhy¯nse tÇmIamWv HmÀah¶Xv. Akv{Xn {inbx kZva kptacp\mam kakvX IeymW\n[nÀ Knco{µx Cu tÇmIw krjvSnbpsSbpw {]]©tI{µ¯nsâbpw {]XoI amb almtacp (kptacp) ]ÀhXcm Ps\ hÀWn¡p¶p. Ggp h³IcI fmepw Ggp almkap{Z§fmepw hebw sN¿s¸«v Pw_p Zo]nsâ a[y¯n \n¶pbÀ¶ph¶XmWv


Fw sI cma-N-{µ-\p-ambn kw`m-jWw almtacp ]ÀhXw F¶v hnjvWp]p cmW¯n hnhcn¡p¶p. temI¯n sâ lrZbw, GjybpsS tI{µw F s¶ms¡ Cu ]ÀhXs¯ hntijn ¸n¡p¶p. {_Òmhnsâ {_Ò temIw, tZth{µsâ AacmhXn, A ántZhsâ tXtPmhXn, batZhsâ kwba\n, \ncrXnbpsS IrjvWm RvP\w, hcpWtZhsâ {i²mhXn, hmbptZhsâ KÔhXn, Ipt_csâ atlmZbw F¶n§s\ an¡ tZh ssNX\y§Ä¡pw almtacphn BØm\§fp­mbncp¶p. A¶s¯ almtacp C¶nÃ. GtXm bpK¯n kw`hn¨ `qhyXn bm\¯nÂ(Geological Shift) B ]À hXw A{]Xy£ambn. {Ko³em³ Unsâ AKm[amb IS¯«n almtacphnsâ XIÀ¶ `mK§Ä Bgv¶pInS¸p­t{X. ]pcmW§ fn ]dbp¶ almtacphpw C¶p ImWp¶ kptacp ]ÀhXhpw H¶Ã. Hcp]t£ C¶v ssIemkw \ne sImffp¶, HcpIme¯v `mcX`qan bpsS `mKambncp¶ {XnhnjvS] (Xn_¯v) `q`mK¯nembncn¡mw almtacphpw ØnXnsNbvXncp¶Xv. kn¡nw, D¯cmJWvUv, lnamN {]tZiv F¶o {]tZi§Ä tZh`qan bpsS `mKamsW¶ncns¡ kptacp F¶ \mat[bw Cu ]ÀhX¯n\p e`n¨Xv ]pcmW§fpsS ImeL« ¯nemImw. `SvtkcntbmSp hnS t£{X¯n t]mbn _Zco\mYs\ hµn¨v -hgn]mSÀ]n¨tijw, kP³ tZhn Hcp¡nb {]mX Ign¨p. H³ ]XpaWn Ignªt¸mÄ `q]oµÀ F¯n. {Kma¯eh\pw A\pbmbn Ifpw hnImc\nÀ`camb Hcp hnShm §emWv \ÂInbXv. ]mew IS¶v hml\¯nsâ ASp¯phsc AhÀ A\pKan¨p. kabhpw kµÀ`hpw H¯phcpt¼mÄ ho­pw ChntS¡v

F¯ns¡mÅmsa¶ hmKv Z m\ t¯msS AhtcmSv hnS]dªp. `Sv tkcn{Kmaw F¶n ]e A\p`qXn Ifpw Dfhm¡n. `oamImcw ]q­p \n¡p¶ tZhZmcp hr£§sf bpw AXnsâ ad]nSn¨v DbÀ¶pInS ¡p¶ kkyiymafamb {Kmas¯ bpw ImgvNbn \n¶p ambp¶Xp hsc ]n³Xncnªp t\m¡n Rm³ \nÀhrXnsIm­p. kmwKvfbn hml\w \nÀ¯nb tijw XlkoÂZmÀ t{]wknMvZp XbpsS Hm^okn Ibdn At±l t¯mSv \µn ]dªp. `Svtkcn {Kma ¯n Hcp cm{Xn X§m³ Ahkcw e`n¨Xnsâ kt´mjw Rm³ Adn bn¨p. t{]wkn§nsâ hnhcWambn cp¶p, C§s\sbmcp bm{X \S¯m \nSbm¡nbsX¶pw ]dªp. A §mSnbnse Hcp ISbn \n¶v At± lt¯msSm¸w Hmtcm Nmb IpSn¨ tijw, bm{X ]dªv IÂ] e£y am¡n R§Ä bm{X XpS§n. A]ISw ]Xnbncn¡p¶ ]ÀhX ]mXIfneqsS kmwKvfbnte¡v 55 IntemaoäÀ Zqcw A]ISw ]Xnbncn¡p¶ hgnbmb Xn\m IcpXtemsS am{Xta bm{X km[yamIq. PesshZypX]²Xn bpsS \nÀamWtPmenIÄ \S¡p¶ Xn\m XS椀 Gsdbp­v. IÀNw F¯p¶Xn\pap¼mbn ae bnSn¨nÂaqew hgn XIÀ¶pt]mb Xn\m hml\§Ä Hcp `mK¯m bn HXp¡nbnSm³ Hcp DtZymKس \nÀtZin¨p. c­paWn¡qtdmfw IgnªmWv hgn icnbmbXv. CXn \nSbn Hcp X«pISbn \n¶pw tNmdpw ]cn¸pIdnbpw In«n. IÀNw IgnªbpSs\ ho­pw XSÊw. Ip ¯s\ DbÀ¶p\n¡p¶ c­p]À hX§fpsS CSbneqsSbpÅ hgn bmbXn\m h¼³ ]md¡ÃpIÄ CSnªphoWv hgn¡p IpdpsI InS

¡p¶p. Rm³ tdmUnend§n IpsdZq cw \S¶p. Aw_cNpw_nIfmb ]À hX§fmWv Npäpw. AXnsâsbm s¡ ]Åbn IqSn tdmUv hfªp ]pfªpt]mIp¶p. hn­nfIn \n ¡p¶ Icn¦Â I­m t]Sn tXm ¶pw. GXp \nanjhpw Ah tdmUn te¡p ]Xnt¨¡mw. AXnsâ ASn bnÂs¸«m hml\w N½´nbm Ipw. AXy]qÀhambn am{Xta C§ s\ kw`hn¡mdpÅq. ]ÀhX§sf [zwkn¡p¶ {]{Inb a\pjy³ XpS §nbn«v F{Xtbm \qäm­pIÄ Ign ªp! F¶n«pw Ch a\pjytcmSv Zbm]qÀhw s]cpamdp¶p. FÃm¯n s\bpw \nb{´n¨v {]IrXnbpsS ka \ne Im¯p\nÀ¯p¶ CuizcssN X\yw \ndªp\n¡p¶ almtX PÊns\ Rm³ HmÀ¯p. XSÊw amdnbt¸mÄ \mepaWn Ignªp. kXvePv \ZnbpsS Xoc ¯pIqSnbpÅ aeaS¡pIfneqsS hml\w \o§n. tdmUnsâ heXph is¯ AKm[amb Xmgvhcbn ¡qSn kXvePv IpXns¨mgpIp¶ i_vZw ImXpIÄ¡v lcambn. s] s«¶pÅ C{µnbkwÚbmemsW ¶p tXm¶p¶p Rm³ `q]oµsd Xncnªpt\m¡n. ss{UhnMv koän  XeIp\n¨v Ccn¡p¶ At±l ¯n\v hml\¯nsâ \nb{´Ww \jv S s¸«Xmbn \Sp¡t¯msS Rm³ Adnªp. tdmUnsâ heXp his¯ H¶cbSntbmfw DbcapÅ ]mc¸än hml\w Dcbp¶ i_vZw tI«bpSs\ CSnan¶ensâ thK XtbmsS Rm³ hml\w CSt¯m«p Xncn¨p. lmâ v t{_¡v hen¨pbÀ ¯n hml\w \nÀ¯nb DS³ Xs¶ `q]oµdpsS ImepIÄ¡nSbneqsS Fsâ CSXp]mZw ¢¨n AaÀ¯n hml\w H¶mwKnbdn CSpIbpw F©n³ Hm^m¡pIbpw sNbvXp. \nanj§Ä¡pÅn CsXÃmw kw`hn¨p Ignªp. (XpScpw...)

hmÀ¯

AUz sI ]n PbN{µ\v D]lmcw \ÂIn

anI¨ s]mXp{]hÀ¯I³ F¶ \nebn _mÀ Atkm kntbj³ {]knUâ v AUz sI ]n PbN{µ\v {]Xn]£ t\Xmhv hn Fkv ANypXm\µ³ D]lmcw \ÂIp¶p. sI apcfo[c³ Fw F F, sI a[p, Be¸n cwK\mYv F¶nhÀ kao]w.

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

27


IS¯\mSnsâ IY Ip«nIrjvW³ \mcmbW\Kcw

I

I¸Ån ]mem«ptIma³

S¯\m«n P·saSp¯ \mS³]m«pIÄ Ncn{XcN\ ívHgn¨pIqSm³ ]äm¯ {]amWkm a{KnIfmsW¶p Ncn{XImc³amÀ k½Xn¡psa¦nepw ]m«pImcpsS k ¦Â]hpw `mh\bpw sIm­p \ndw ]nSn¸n¨ hÀW\IÄ Ahbn [m cmfw IS¶pIqSnbXpsIm­mbncn ¡mw \mS³]m«pIfn Gähpw P\ Iobamb hS¡³hocKmYIsf Ncn {XcN\bv¡m{ibn¡m³ AhÀ aSn ¨pImWp¶Xv. ]gw]m«pIÄ ]mSn\ S¶p Imebm]\w \S¯nt¸m¶ ]m W³amÀ A¶s¯ kaql¯n am \n¡s¸«p. ChcpsS hiyamb B em]\¯neqsS Imes¯ AXnPo hn¨ IYm]m{X§fpw XdhmSpIfp ap­v. ]p¯qcwhoSpw Xt¨mfnamWn t¡m¯pw I¸Ån]mem«pw Ah bn ap¶n«p \n¡p¶p. hSIc \Kc¯n \n¶v F«pIn temaoätdmfw {iotemI\mÀImhp hgn k©cn¨m I¸Ån ]mems« ¯nt¨cmw. F¶m Xt¨mfnHtX \sâ `mcymamXpe\pw HtX\sâ Dä kplr¯pamb ]mem«ptIma³ P\n ¨phfÀ¶ F«psI«pw \Spapähpw Nndbpsam¶pw \ap¡hnsS Im Wm³ ]änÃ. XIÀ¶Snª B Xd hmSnsâ AhinjvS§fpw Hcp kvam cIhpw tIma³ D]tbmKn¨ Nne hkvXp¡fpwam{Xw Bcpw {i²n ¡msX B kvamcI¯n NnX ]nSn¨pInS¡p¶p. HcpImew tIcfat§mfant§m fapÅ t]scSp¯ A`ymknIÄ tImas\ tXSn I¸ÅnbnÂh¶ncp ¶pht{X. ImcWw aÀa{]tbmK¯n epw Nne {]tXyI NphSpIfnepw tImas\ Ih¨psh¡m³ A¶mcpap ­mbncp¶nÃ. 1725 ImeL«¯n Hcp Ipw` amkw 12þmw XobXn ]qcmSw \£{X ¯n I¸Ån ]mem«pIp¦nb½bp sSbpw H©nbw amh«h³ tIfp¡p dp¸nsâbpw H¼Xmas¯ ]p{X \mbn tIma³ P\n¨p. \nÀ`mKy sa¶p ]dbs«, aäp \m«p{]amWnI fpsS a¡sft¸mse kzX{´hmbp izkn¨p hfcm³ X¡ kmlNcyw tIma\p­mbncp¶nÃ. B \m«nÂ

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Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

¯s¶bpÅ ao¦­nssItXcn B \t´m¯p (sXm¶qdmwhoSv) Xdhm Spw X½n ]t­ \ne\n¶p t]m¶ IpSn¸I\nan¯w Ip¦nb½bv¡p ]nd¡p¶ B¬Ip«nIsfsbms¡ ssItXcn B\t´m¯v \¼ym³ amÀ hI hcp¯pIbmbncp¶p ]Xn hv. A§s\ Xsâ F«pa¡sf _en sImSpt¡­n h¶ Ip¦nb½bv¡p H¼Xmas¯ Ipªns\ F§ns\ sb¦nepw B ImeamS³amcn \n¶p c£n¨p hfÀ¯Wsa¶p tXm¶n. ta¸bn Nm¸³]Wn¡À {]iv\w sh¨t¸mÄ Ip¦nb½sb {]tXyIw HmÀas¸Sp¯nbt{X: \n§Ä s]dp¶sXmcmWmIp¶p Gdnb Imeancn¡patÃm Gdnb Icpa\Im«patÃm tIfnbpw IoÀ¯nbpw hcp¯patÃm I¸Ån ]mems« tIfn tIÄ¡pw \n§sS ZpxJhpw XoÀ¡patÃm. ]Wn¡cpsS {]hN\w tI«p kt´mjn¨ Ip¦nb½ Xsâ Dä Iq«pImcnbpw AbÂhmknbpamb aWv U essIXbn Ip«nbm¯ F¶ apÉow bphXnsb hkvXp XIÄ [cn¸n¨p. _p²naXnbmb Ip«nbm¯ Xsâ aq¶pZnhkw {]mbamb s]¬Ipªns\bpw A tX{]mbamb Ip¦nb½bpsS B¬ Ipªns\bpw ]ckv]cw ssIamdn. AXn\nSbn B Hma\¡pªn\p Ip¦nb½ tIma³ F¶p t]cn«p Ignªncp¶p. AXn\ptijw tIm a³ aWvUessIXbnse IÃdbn emWv A©phbÊphsc IgnªXv. ]n¶oSv sXm¶qdmw ho«pImcdnbm sX H©nb¯p AѳXdhm«n te¡p amdn¯makn¨p. AhnSp ¶mWv tImasâ A`ymkPohnXw Bcw`n¡p¶Xv. a¿gn A¦¡fcn bn \n¶pw s]m¶m\nbnse ]p ¯³ \S¡Â Al½ZvKpcp¡fn \n¶pw, Xpfp\m«n \n¶pw sabv ]bäv, Btbm[hnZy, aÀa{]tbmKw XpS§n ]Xns\«ShpIfpw ]Tn¨p Hcp [octbm²mhmbn tIma³ sN½ c¯qcnse I¸Ån Xdhm«n Xncns¨¯n. tIma³ Xt¨mfn HtX\s\t¸m se ap³tIm]nbpw FSp¯pNm«¡m

c\pambncp¶nÃ. kÀhscbpw ka `mh\tbmsS t\m¡n¡mWm\pw, \m«nse {]iv\§Ä \njv]£ ambn, cayambn ]cnlcn¡m\pamWv B ]IzaXn {ian¨ncp¶Xv. F¶m A\ymbw sN¿p¶htcmSv AtX \mWb¯n Xncn¨Sn¡m\pw tIma³ aSn¨ncp¶nÃ. A¦w sh«Â A\nhmcyambncp¶ B ImeL« ¯n tIma³ ]Xnt\g¦§fn ]s¦Sp¡pIbpw ]Xnt\gnepw hnP bn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. IqSmsX _ Ôphmb Xt¨mfnHtX\sâ IqsS 64 A¦§fnepw ]s¦Sp¡pIbpw HtX \\p Nne sN¸SnhnZyIÄ D]tZin ¨p sImSp¡m\pw tIma³ ad¶nÃ. Hcn¡Â kam[m\hmZnbmb tImas\tIm]njv T \m¡nb Hcp kw`hap­mbn: cmhnse Ifcnbn \n¶p ]bäpw Ignªp ho«nte¡p Ibdns¨¶ tIma³, Xsâ ]nXmhv apdp¡n¯p¸p¶ s]m³tImfm¼n bnÂ, Itc«nsambvXo³ F¶ hSI cbnse apÉow{]amWn apdp¡n¯p ¸nbXv I­t¸mÄ tZjyw sIm­p ASnapSn hnd¨pt]mbn. Aѳ Xp¸p¶ s]m³tImfm¼oev \o Ft´ Xp¸mt\tNm\Is\? F¶edns¡m­p, AbÂhmkn IfpsSbpw \m«pImcpsSbpw FXnÀ ¸ns\hIsh¡msX Xs¶ sambvXo s\Ime]pcn¡b¨p. tImasâ hnizkvXkplr¯pw, XnIª A`ymknbpambncp¶ aWv UessIXbn a½n Xsâ t]mä½ bmb Ip«nbm¯bpsS aI³. HtX\ \p Nm¸³ F§s\bmbncp¶pthm AXpt]mse a½nbpsS km¶n[yw Ft¸mgpw tImas\XpW¨ncp¶p. bmYmØnIXzw sImSnIp¯n hm Wncp¶ B ImeL«¯nÂt]mepw lnµpþ apÉow kulmÀZw F{X am{Xw hfÀ¶ncp¶p F¶Xn\p Hcp ¯a ZrjvSm´amWv Hcp apÉowIp Spw_amb aWvUessIXbpambp ­mb I¸Ån]mem«p IpSpw_¯n sâ klhÀ¯\w. ]mem«ptImasâ A`ymk]mS hs¯¸än hS¡³]m«pIÄ ckI cambn hÀWn¡p¶p­v. Hcp kw` hw tIÄ¡q... Hcp Znhkw tIma\pw


IS¯\mSnsâ IY a½nbpw IqSn ]mems« ]Sn¸pcbnen cp¶p \m«pImcy§Ä NÀ¨ sNbv XpsIm­ncn¡pIbmbncp¶p. ho«n  A½ am{Xap­v. AhÀ ASp¡f ¸WnbnemWv. At¸mÄ s]m¶m\n ¡mcmb sabvanSp¡pÅ \mep tPm \Ibphm¡Ä ]mems« ]Sn¸pchm Xn¡se¯n. tIma³ Fgpt¶äp Ahsc kzoIcn¨p. ho«phcm´bn Ibänbncp¯n h¶ ImcWat\z jn¨p. At¸mÄ B bphm¡Ä ]d ªp. ""]mem«ptImasâ A`ymk ]mShs¯ ]pIgv¯p¶htc \m«n epÅq. R§fpw IfcnKpcp¡³am cmWv. GXm\pw IfcnapdIÄ IqSn A§sb ]Tn¸n¡Wsa¶p­v.'' AhcpsS Al´\ndª B kwkmcw tI«p tIma\pw a½nbpw kvXw`n¨ncp¶pt]mbn. Ip¦nb½bm hs« AhÀ¡p ]mb hncn¨p. Ce bn«p. tNmdphnf¼n \mept]cpsS bpw CeIfn Hmtcm DSbv¡m¯ tX§bpw sh¨p sImSp¯p. F¶n«p Ip¦nb½ Zb\ob `mh a`n\bn¨psIm­p ]dªp: ""a¡sf C¶nhnsS Idnsbm¶pw sh¨n«nÃ.'' s]m¶m\nbn \n¶p h¶ {]KÂ` Kpcp¡³amÀ H¶pw a\ÊnemhmsX angn¨ncns¡ tIma³ sasà Fgp t¶äp Hmtcm tX§ Xsâ ssI ¸nSnbnsemXp¡n Hmtcm AXnYnbp sS tNmdn sR¡n¸ngnªpsIm Sp¯p. Cu AÂ`pX{]hr¯n I­ tPm\I³amÀ XSnbps­¦n Cc ¶pXn¶msa¶ `mh¯n Fgp t¶äp s\t«m«tamSn. tIma\pw Ip¦n b½bpw s]m«ns¸m«n¨ncn¨p. a½n bmhs« AhcpsS ]n¶mse HmSn IqS¯n Xmsgsh¨p Hcmsf ]nSn IqSn ]memt«¡p sIm­ph¶p. B Kpcp¡Ä acWw hsc ]mem«pXd hm«n\p th­n tkh\a\pjvTn¨p sh¶pw acWtijw B Bßm hns\ ]mem«p]d¼n IpSnbncp ¯nsb¶pw ]dbs¸Sp¶p. hnhmlw Hcp Znhkw tIma\pw a½nbpw hnim eamb I¸fn ]mem«p Xmghben ]Wn¡mcpsS IqsS ]WnsbSp¡pI bmbncp¶p. At¸mÄ Xmsg hb hc¼¯pIqsS Hcp kpµcn ]Xn\m dp]nWm¯namtcmSpIqSn Ccp¡pf ¦c t£{X¨ndbnteç \S¶p\o §p¶Xv tImasâ ZrjSvnbn s]«p. tIma³ hnImcm[o\\mbn a½n tbmSp tNmZn¨pt]mbn. At¸mIpw s]®§v GXm a½o Ccp«¯v I¯n¨ shf¡pt]mse ame¸pfoebpw Ipªn½oSpw tNme¯ebpw sXmSpIpdnbpw

X¯½¨p­pw ]fp¦v ]Ãpw Benes¡mt¯mcWn hbdpw ssIc­pw s]m³tN\¯­p t]mse ss]§S¡ Nos´m¯ I®p c­pw At¸mIpw s]®§v GXm a½o...? At¸mÄ B s]¬InSmhns\ kq£n¨p t\m¡ns¡m­v a½n ]dªp: ssItXcn A\t´ms¯ Ipªn ¡¶o s]äps]cpIm\pw s]s®m¶sÃm \m«n\pw ho«n\pw tImbvabmWv ]{´­p­m§fmdm¡¶n¡v. C{Xbpw tI«t¸mÄ A£a \mb tIma³ t\tc Nnd¡Shnte ¡p bm{Xbmbn. amdnSw apt§ shůnend§n \n¶p hmÀapSnbgn¨n«p tImXpIbm bncp¶ I¶n, ZoÀLImb\pw Ccp \nd¯n kpµc\pamb tImas\ I­am{Xbn \{aapJnbmbn \n¶p t]mbn. Im¡bcn sIm¡nem¡pwt]mse tImas\¯s¶bpw t\m¡n s]®v. Hcp hÃm¯ aqIX AhnsS ]¯n hncn¨p \n¶p. \nanj§Ä ¡Iw B aqIXsb t`Zn¨psIm­v tIma³ kw`mjWamcw`n¨t¸mÄ ]nWm¯namÀ ssItXcn A\t´m t¯¡p IpXn¨p. AhÀ I¶nbpsS B§famsc hnhcadnbn¨p. B§f amÀ ]{´­pt]cpw Bbp[§fp ambn sN½c¯qcnte¡v ]mªp. AÂ`pXsa¶p ]dbs« Nndapgph³ ]cntim[n¨n«pw AhÀ¡p tImas\ Is­¯m\mbnÃ. tIma³ Ipªn ¡¶nbpsS apSn¡pÅn ap§n\n ¡pIbmbncp¶p. tIma\pw Ipªn¡¶nbpw t{] a_²cmsW¶ hnhcw BZyambdn ªXv HtcS¯nb½bmWv. AhÀ sR«nhnd¨p. Cu hnhcw B§f amcdnªmÂ? I¶nsb Bcpadn bmsX GsX¦nepsamcp am¸nfíp ]nSn¨psImSp¡m³ HSphn GS¯n b½ Xocpam\n¨p. (A¶v Hcp Xdhm «pImcn ]ng¨pt]mbm GsX¦nep samcp apÉoan\p ]nSn¨psImSp¡pI bmbncp¶pht{X ]Xnhv.) ap³Iq«n N«w sI«nbX\pkcn¨p I¶nsb kzoIcn¡m³ am¸nf h¶p. AtXm sS Ahfnse kv{XoXzw kSIpS sªgpt¶äp. \nanjt\cw sIm­v Ahsfmcp hym{Lambn amdn; Ah fp¨¯n Aedn. \n¡mbvI t]mI ]pdtIm«n\n tPm\Im \o sh¡mbvI ImsemcSnt]mepsaSp ¯ntS­ C¡mWpsa¶pSbhmfn\p Xo\p

]mem«v XdhmSncp¶ kvYew

\ÂIm³ t\m¡mbvIsb¶pahÄ hmfpape ¨pc¨p. ]dªpXocpwap¼v tIma³ Ahn sS {]Xy£s¸«p. am¸nf s\t«m« tamSn. I¶n kt´mj¯m XpÅn ¨mSn. [oc\pw kmlknI\pamb tIma³ I¶nsbbpw Iq«n temI \mÀImhnte¡p \S¶p. Imhn Bdm«v s]mSn]qcambn \S¡p¶p. B ImgvN kmIqXw t\m ¡n \n¡bmbncp¶p I¶nbpsS B§famÀ X§fpsS GIktlmZ cnsbbpw tImas\bpw H¶n¨p I­ t¸mÄ Cuä¸penIsft¸mse tIma sâ t\tcNmSn A¦¯ns\mcp§n. XnI¨pw \nÀhnImcbmbn tIma t\mSp tNÀ¶p\n¶psIm­v tIma sâ A]mcamb IgnhpIsf¸än I¶n B§famÀ¡p hnhcn¨psIm Sp¯p. tImat\mSpIfn¨hcmcpw X¶nÃw I­pacn¨n«nsöpIqSn AhÄ B§famsc [cn¸n¨t¸mÄ AhcpsS tIm]w Bdn¯Wp¯p. A¦¡en AS§n. A§s\Imhne ½bpsS Xncpk¶n[nbnÂsh¨p tIma\pw I¶nbpw hnhmlnXcmbn. AtXmSpIqSn I¸Ån ]mem«pXd hmSpw ssItXcn A\t´m¯p Xd hmSpw X½n hÀj§fmbn \ne \n¶ IpSn¸I Ahkm\n¨p. tImasâ A´ys¯¸än Nne Ncn{XImc³amcpsS A`n{]mbw ]msS sXämsW¶v At±l¯nsâ hwi]c¼cbn s]« A´cn¨ Sn ]n tKmhnµ³ \¼ymÀ tcJs¸Sp ¯p¶p. 63þmw hbÊn tIma³ s]s«¶p A´cn¡pIbmWp­mb sX¶mWv sXfnhpklnXw \¼ymÀ ]dªpsh¨Xv. F§s\bmbmepw ]mem«ptIma³ ZpjvS³amÀ¡p t] Snkz]v\hpw, klmba`yÀYn¨p hcp ¶hÀ¡p IcpWmab\mb Hcp Kpcp \mY\pambncp¶psh¶ Imcy¯n kwibanÃ. XpScpw...

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

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\m«phntijw cmtPizcn sI

I

s®¯m Zqct¯mfw hym]n ¨pInS¶ ]mStiJc§Ä, I®S¨pXpd¡pw ap³]v Aw_cNpw _nIfmb _lp\neaµnc§Ä sIm ­p\ndª amb¡mgvN I­v A´w hn«p \n¡pIbmWv Xncph\´]pc ¯pImÀ. AcptWmZb¯n \pIhpw Ie ¸bpta´n I­¯nte¡nd§p¶ Irjohesâ tlm tlmbv hnfnI fpw IpSaWnIpep¡n, DghpI­ ¯neqsS apt¶dp¶ ImfIfpsaÃmw kz]v\¯nset¶mWw Abhnd¡p ¶p ChnSps¯ ]ga¡mÀ. Chsc X«nbpWÀ¯ns¡m­v C¡gnª P\phcnamk¯nsâ A´yhmc ¯n Xmeq¡nsâ hSt¡ Aä¯p InS¡p¶ taÂtXm¶bv¡Â hntà PnepÅ I­p Irjn Gembn \S¶ acaSntaf F´psIm­pw {it²bambn. ]gbXeapdsbbpw ]pXnbXeapdsbbpw \hm\p`qXn bpsS cmPcYybneqsS Iq«ns¡m­p t]mb {]XoXn. C¯cw aÂkc§Ä hcpwIm e¯v ImÀjnItIcf¯nsâ "hn¡n ]oUnb'bn am{Xw HXp¡n \nÀ

30

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

t¯­nhcp¶ Hcp {]tXyI Ah Øbnte¡v AXnthKw k©cn¨p sIm­ncn¡bmWv \½psS \mSv. A`n\h ImbnI aÂkcthZnIfn sem¶pw CSw In«m\nSbnÃmsX, ]gb Bthi¯nsâ _m¡n]{Xhp ambn sNfn¡­s¯bpw ImenI sfbpw AXncäp kvt\ln¡p¶ Irjohe³amÀ. C¡q«À aebmf ¡cbn Ct¸mgpaps­¶p sXfn bn¨psIm­v ]Xn\©p tPmUn I¶pImenIfpambn \mSnsâ \m\m `mK§fn \n¶pw A{Xbpw Xs¶ aÂkcmÀYnIÄ Cu thZnbnse¯n bncp¶qsh¶ Imcyw DĸpfI t¯msSbÃmsX Nn´n¡m\mIptam? Hê¡§Ä Rmdp \Smdmb I­§fnse sNfn ¡«IÄ \nttÈjw X«nbpS¨v, ]mI ¯n\p shÅhpw sI«n\nÀ¯n \Shnt\mSSp¯ Ahkm\L«¯n se \nesamcp¡¯n\mWv acaSn F¶ ImÀjnIhr¯n sNbvXpt]m ¶Xv. \new Dghp¶Xn\v t]m¯pI sfbpw ImfIsfbpw btYjvSw {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯nbncps¶¦nepw

acaSn¡v s]mXpth ImfIsf¯ s¶ D]tbmKn¨ncp¶p. acaSn a kcthZnIfn ImfIsf am{Xta I­ncp¶pÅq. acaSnaÂkcw \S¡p¶ hnim eamb I­§fn Irjn¡v Gä hpw A\ptbmPyamb coXnbn a®pw ssPhhfhpwIqSn kaRvPk kt½f\w \S¡p¶pshs¶mcp cl kyw CXnsâ ]n¶n adªncp¶q. I­§fpw I¶pImenIfpw sXmgp¯pw Irjnbpw Ht¶msS Ac s§mgnbp¶ C¡me¯v GsX¦n epw {]tZi§fn Cu ]gb ImÀ jnIhnt\mZw C¶pw \ne\n¡p ¶psh¦n AXnsâ ]n¶nepÅ kwLmSIsc A`n\µnt¨ aXn bmhq. ImcWw, C¯cw Hcp aÂk c¯n ]s¦Sp¡m\pÅ Bthi t¯msS ]gbXeapdbpsS injvS] {Xw DbnÀs¯gpt¶Âçt¼mÄ Ahsc \ne\nÀ¯m\pÅ DuÀPw ]Icp¶Xv ta¸dª kwLmSIÀ Xs¶. b{´¡e¸bpw, b{´¸q «epw am{Xw I­phfÀ¶ ]pXp Xe apdbv¡v, ChnsS ]c¼cbm \ne \n¶ncp¶ Hcp IrjncoXn ]cnNb


\m«phntijw s¸Sp¯ns¡mSp¡p¶XneqsS aca SnaÂkcw Hcp atlmÂkh¯nsâ {]XoXn Dfhm¡p¶p. \m\mtZi ¯p\n¶pw BfpIÄ ImWnIfmbn F¯p¶XneqsS CsXmcp amam¦ ambn¯s¶ ]cnWan¡p¶p. acaSn aÂkc§Ä¡pth­n ¯s¶ sNdpImfIsf ]cn]men¡p Ibpw Imftbm«w ]cnioen¸n¡p Ibpw sN¿p¶hÀ Ct¸mgpw Ds­ ¶Xn\p sXfnhmWv \mSnsâ \m\m tZi¯p\n¶pw tPmUn¡mfIfpam sb¯p¶ aÂkcmÀYnIÄ. Imftbm«_v { `a¯nsâ hn`n¶ apJ§Ä Imftbm«aÂkc§fn {`aapÅ IÀjIÀ kao]{]tZi§fnse Imen¨´IfnseÃmw sN¶v hfsc XncªmWv tPmUn¡mfIsf Is­¯p¶Xv. {]mbw, \ndw, Xcw XpS§n Ahbhe£W§Ähsc ]cnKWn¨mWv IÀjIÀ tPmUn Isf XncsªSp¡mdv. C¡mes¯t¸mse ImenIsf temdnbn Ibän e£yØm\s¯ ¯n¡p¶ k{¼Zmbw ]­p­mbn cp¶nÃ. DÄ\mSpIfnÂs¸« Ipdp¡p hgnIfneqsS At\IZnhk§Ä ImenItfmsSm¸w \S¶v Ahsb e£yØm\s¯¯n¡pIbmbn cp¶p ]Xnhv. hgntbmc§fn Imen IÄ¡p shÅw IpSn¡m³ kuIcy ¯n\mbn cmP `cWIme¯p \nÀ an¨ IÂs¯m«nIfpsS AhinjvS

§Ä ]e {]tZi§fnepw ASp¯ Imew hsc I­ncp¶p. acaSnaÂkc¯n {`aapÅ IÀ jIÀ GXpkabhpw aÂkc¡mf Isf Ipfn¸n¨p hr¯nbm¡n, sIm ¼nepw hmenepw F® tX¨pan \p¡n hmepXs¶ `wKnbmbn I{Xn ¨n«v, AXnkpµc³amcmbn \nÀ¯n bncp¶p. C¡me¯v NneÀ kz´w hml\§sf hr¯nbm¡ns¡m­p \S¡pIbpw ]pXnb tamUepIÄ Cd§p¶ am{Xbn kz´am¡m³ B{Kln¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ AtX Bthiambncp¶p IÀjIÀ¡nS bnse I¶pImen{]nbcpsS {`ahpw. At\IZnhkw kz´w I­§fn ]cnioe\w sImSp¯Xn\ptij amWv aÂkcthZnbnte¡p ]pds¸ Sp¶Xv. Hmtcm thZnbnepw ]s¦Sp¡p¶ Xnsâ apt¶mSnbmbn ImfIÄ¡p {]tXyI Blmcw \ÂIn NpW¡p «³amcm¡pw. Igp¯n iwJv , Gekv XpS§nb c£IÄ _Ôn¨ at\mlcamb h«¡bÀ sI«pw. aq¡pXpf¨v, hnhn[hÀW§fn In«mdpÅ aq¡WwIbÀ sI«n BIÀjIam¡pw.(Hm«w \nb{´n ¡m³ Cu aq¡WwIbÀ AXymh iyamWv.) sNhnbpw sIm¼pw tZl hpw F®ab¯m Xnf§pw. Bcpw t\m¡n\n¶pt]mIWsa¶mWv DSa ØcpsS B{Klsa¦nepw It®dp s]SmXncn¡m\pÅ a{´§Ä Ge ÊpIfn D­v.

ImfIsft¸mse \pIhpw achpw {]tXyIw BIÀjIam¡pw. Cw¥o jv A£camebnse "T' bpsS BIr XnbpÅ "acw' Ip«nIÄ {i²n¨n«p ­mIptam Bthm? Bimcnsb {] tXyIw GÀ¸mSm¡n inÂ]`wKn tbmsSbmWv \pIhpw achpw ]Wn sªSp¡mdv. ]et¸mgpw Ah B imcnamcpsS sshZKv[yw FSp¯p ImWn¡pw. ImfIsf DuÀPkzecm¡p¶ tXmsSm¸w acaSn¡mc\pw AtX Hcp¡§fpw X¿msdSp¸pIfpw \S ¯mdp­v. AtcmKZrVKm{Xcmb hÀ¡pam{Xta ImfItfmsSm¸w I­¯n acaSnHm«¯n ]s¦Sp ¡m³ Ignbq. Imfbvt¡m, Hm«¡mct\m, {] tXyI {]mb]cnKW\sbm¶pw \nÀ _Ôambncp¶nsænepw Xg¡hpw ]g¡hpw hnPb¯nsâ clkywX s¶bmbncp¶p. acaSnaÂkc¯nse tPXmhn\v C¡me¯pe`n¡p¶ k½m\w t{Sm ^nIÄ BWtÃm. F¶m ap³Im e¯v CXv t\cnbXpw ]pShbpambn cp¶p. F´mbmepw ]ga¡mÀ¡p B thiw \ÂIp¶p Hcp hnt\mZambn tXm¶psa¦nepw {]mbt`Zat\y Ghscbpw BIÀjn¡p¶ taf bmWv acaSn aÂkcsa¶v I­p IrjnGembn \S¯nb atlm khw km£ys¸Sp¯p¶p.

IhnX

\nimKÔn¸q¡Ä

sI t{]aN{µ³ \mbÀ ISbv¡mhqÀ

N´w XpSn¡psa³ _meyIme¯nsâ Nµ\s¨¸p sasà ¯pd¶p Rm³ hÀj§Ä ]pdtIms«Sp¯p Rms\¶pffn hÀjn¨p bma§fgnbp¶ cm{XnIÄ \nibn Xpfp¼pw \nimKÔnsam«pIÄ \nizmktamsS hncnbm³ XpS§pt¼mÄ BImiKwKbn \ocmSms\¯nb A¼nfnama\pw kpKÔw e`n¨pthm! ]qapJ¸Sntase Im¯ncp¶p R§Ä ]qçw \nimKÔnbn ¡®pS¡n; ]cnafkpIpamckuµcy[mawt]m ]Xn\mdp ]pjv]§Ä Hcpan¨pWÀ¶t¸mÄ ]mXncm\£{X Zo]§sft¸mse ]mXnhnSÀìt]msb§Ä angnIfpw.

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

31


tIc-f-kw-KoXw tUm _n ]pjv]m Irjv-W³

]gh§mSn KW]XnkvXpXn : {]mNo\m]W... cN\ cmKw Xmfw Btcm-lWw Ah-tcm-lWw

: tUm hn BÀ {]t_m[N{µ³ \mbÀ : \m« : BZn : k cn K a ] [ \n k : k \n ] a K cn3 k

cmKhnh-cWw : ap¸¯mdmw tafIÀ¯mcmKamb Ne\m«bn \n¶p P\n¨ Cu {]kn² cmKw hocckw, `àn Chbv¡nW§pw; hnhmZn cmK¯nÂs¸Sp¶p; A©p {]kn² L\cmK§fnsem¶v. hÀWw apXemb kwKoXcq]§Ä FÃmw Cu cmK¯n e`yamWv. kmbwIme¯n ]mSm\mWp hn[n; F¶m GXp ka b¯pw tim`n¡pw. kz-c-Øm\§Ä : jUvPw, jUv-{ip-XnE-j`w, A´c Km-Ômcw, ip²a[yaw, ]-©aw, jUv{ipXn-ss[-hXw, ImIen-\n-jm-Zw. ]Ãhn

: {]mNo\m]WhnlnX \ntIXw {]mNokapZnX kqcy kptim`w

A\p]Ãhn

: AKPm\µ\w BKathZyw AKWnX KpWKW tkhnXamZyw

NcWw 1

: {]WhØnX kzcq]w Cuiw KpWhÖ\ kIemÀKf\miw {]t_m[ P\Iw hcZw `hyw {]tIm]amÀPnX im{Xhiucyw

NcWw 2

: hn[n a[pkqZ\ hn_pss[tÊhyw hn[p auenhÂkeXm`hhocyw ssh{ihWm[nI KÀhhn`wKw ssh`h hÀ[IaotU kXXw

kmcw : ]gh§mSn ({]mNo\þB]Ww) kz ´w Krlw (\ntIXw) B¡nb (hnlnX), Ing¡pZn ¡n btYmNnXw DZn¨ kqcysâ \à {]ImiamÀ¶, ]mÀhXn (AKþP) ¡v B\µw \ÂIp¶ ]p{X\mb, thZ§fneqsS (BKaw) am{Xw a\Ênem¡mhp¶ (thZyw), IW¡m¡m\mhm¯{X (AKWnX) k KpW k©b§fnW§nb, FÃmän\pw ap³t]bpff (BZyw), {]Wha{´¯n ØnXn sN¿p¶ BIrXn bpff, KpWimenIÄ¡p t\cnSp¶ FÃm XSʧfpw (AÀKfw) \in¸n¡p¶, hntijÚm\w ({]t_m[w) Dfhm¡p¶, hc§Ä \ÂIp¶, awKfaqÀ¯nbmb (`hyw), i{Xp¡fpsS (im{Xh) iucys¯ ISp¯ tIm]w ({]tIm]w) sIm­v Xq¯phmcn¡fbp¶ (amÀPnX), {_Òmhv (hn[n) hnjvWp (a[pkqZ\³) XpS§nb tZh·mcm (hn_pss[x) tkhn¡s¸Sm\À l\mb (tkhy³), N{µNqU\mb (hn[pauen) inh sâ hmÂkey¯n \n¶pfhmb hocyamÀ¶, ssh{i hW\v A[nIambp­mb KÀhs¯ th­pwhn[w \in ¸n¨ (hn`wKw), `àcpsS kmaÀYyw (ssh`hw) hÀ[n ¸n¡p¶ Cuizcs\ (Cui³) kZm (Ft¸mgpw) Rm³ Bcm[n¡p¶p (CutU).

]Ãhn: 1.

m m km m m cn K a ] m m m ]m ]m m m ] \n m ] am a K ] a cn m m m .. {]m . . . No . . . \m . . . ] W . . hn ln . X \n tI . . . . . . Xw . . . . .

2.

k m k m m m cn K a ] m m m ] m ] m ] \n k m cn k k \n ] a a K ] a cn m m m . . {]m . . No . . \m . . . ] W hn ln . . . . . . . . . X \n tI . . . Xw . . .

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tIc-f-kw-KoXw

1.

k m cn m m k m m k \n k m k m cn m m m m k m a K a ] m m m ] a ] m . . {]m . . No . k . ap Zn . X . . . . kq . cy . . kp tim . . . . . . `w . .

2.

m m cn m m k m m K a ] \n k \n ] m k cn k \n k \n ] \n ] a ] a K a cn cn . . {]m . No . . k . ap . Zn . X kq . . cy . . kp . . . tim . . `w . . . . . k\n .. .

({]mNo\m]W)

A\p-]-Ãhn 1.

; K a m ] \n m ] m k \n k m k m m m m k m k \n m k k \n \n k m m m . . A K Pm . . . . .. \ . µ \w . . B . K a . th . . . . . Zyw . . .

2.

m m K a m ] \n m ] m k \n k m k m m m m k m k km \n k cn k cn m m m . . A K Pm . . . . . \ . µ \w . . . B . K a . th . . . . . Zyw . . .

1.

k m k cn m k k m \n cn k \n ] m a m K a ] \n k \n ] a a K ] a cn m m m . . A K . Wn X Kp . W . K W tk . . . .. hn . X . am . . . . Zyw . . .

2.

k m k cn m K m a K a cn cn k m k \n k cn k \n k \n ] \n ] ] a ] K a cn cn . . A K . Wn X Kp . W . K W . tk . . . hn . . . . X . . . am . . . Zyw . . . ({]mNo\m]W)

NcWw m m a ] m K a m ] m m m ] m ] m k \n ] a a K ] a cn m m m m m m m . . {] W h . . Øn . . X . kz . cq . . . ]w Cu . . . iw . . . . . . . m m k cn k k \n k cn k cn m m m m m m m k cn m K a m ] a ] m m ] m m . . Kp W h . Ö . . . . . . \ . . . . . . k I . em À . . K f \m . . . iw. . 1.

m m K a m ] \n m ] m k \n k m k m m m k m k \n m k k \n \n k m m m m . . {].. t_m [ P \ . Iw . . . . . h c Zw . ` . . . . . . hyw. . .

2.

m m K a m ] \n m ] m k \n k m k m m m m k m k km \n k cn k cn m m m . . {] . . t_m [ P \. Iw . . . . . . h . c Zw ` . . . . . hyw . . .

1.

km k cn k km \n cn k \n ]m am K a ] \n k \n ] a a K ] a cn m m m . . {] . .. tIm ] am . . . . . À Pn X im . . . {X . h . iu . cyw ..

2.

km k cn K m a m K a cn cn k m k \n k cn k \n k \n ] \n ] a ] a K a cn cn . . {] . tIm ] am . . . . À Pn X im . . . {X . . . h . .. iu . . . cyw .... ({]mNo\m]W)

Nn«kzcw k m m cn K a ] \n k \n ] a K a cn k cn m m cn k k \n \n ] a K a cn cn k \n cn m m a cn k \n k m ] a K a ] m \n ] a ] \n m k \n ] a K a ] [ \n k \n cn m m k m cn K a ] a K a cn m cn k cn m m k cn \n k ] \n a ] K a ] \n k k a cn k cn \n k k ] k \n ] \n a ] ] k a cn k cn \n k k cn k \n ] a K a cn k \n ({]mNo\m]W)

34

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013


lmkyw {ioPn¯v C \mWp

t]cpw t]cnse s]cpabpw t] cn F´ncn¡p¶p F¶v aebmf¡cbn C\nbmcpw tNmZn¡psa¶v IcpXp ¶nÃ. kwKXnbpsS InS¸v A§ns\ bmWv. ]gb t]cn¶v Ka t]mcm. A sXm¶v amän FSp¡Ww. FÃmhcpw Cu X{X¸mSnemWv. 2. ]­p]t­ Hcp kmZm s]meo kvImcsâ t]cv tIm¬Ì_nÄ F ¶mWtÃm. XÃm\pw sXdnhnfn¡m \pw A[nImcapÅhcmWv. ]s£, t]cn\v ]{Xmkpw Kabpw t]mcm. C t¸mÄ AXpamän knhnÄ s]meokv Hm^okÀ F¶m¡nbncn¡p¶p.

k_v C³kvs]IvSÀ¡pw IognepÅ BÄ Hm^oktdm? Cu `qan aebmf ¯n\v ]pd¯pÅ Hcmfpw hnizkn ¡nÃ. AsXm¶pw kmcamt¡­. Ct¸mÄ hnhmlamÀ¡än C¡q« À¡v Unamâ v Cc«nbm¡nbn«p­v F¶Xv kXyw. s]meoknsâ XÃv Hcp]mSv Gäphm§nbhcpsS kÀ ¡mcmWv CXv sNbvXXv. Hcp KmÔn b³ amÀKw F¶p IcpXnbm aXn. F¶m hnhctZmjnIÄ ]dbp ¶Xv asämcp `mjyamWv. \ap¡v ka chpw ASnhm§epw C\nbpw th­n hcpw. ASn¡m³ IÂ]\sImSp¡p

¶Xv taemf³amcmsW¦nepw Xtà ­Xv kmZm s]meoktÃ? XÃp t¼mÄ AÂ]w Zb! 3. Ignª kÀ¡mÀ kmZm s]m eokpImsc kt´mjn¸n¨p. Cu kÀ¡mÀ Xosc tami¡mcmsW¶v Bcpw [cnt¨¡cpXv. R§fpw t]cv amänbn«p­v. FIvsskkp KmÀUp amÀ C\napX FIvsskkv kn hn Hm^okdmWv. AXnsâ apI fn FIvsskkv C³kvs]IvSÀ! ap¼s¯ kÀ¡mcns\t]msebà \½psS Imcyw. FIvsskkmWv ]caapJy³. _mÀ tlm«Â, kv]n

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35


lmkyw cnäv, hymPIÅv CXnsâsbms¡ {]m[m\yw A]cÀ¡v t_m[yanÃ. At¸mÄ FIvsskkv C³kvs]IvS dpsS t]À, C³kvs]IvSdnMv Hm^o kÀ F¶mt¡­XtÃ? AXpw R§Ä ]cntim[n¡pw. 4. A§ns\]dªm Ipsd Gsd ]dtb­nhcpw. F´n\v ]gnbpw sXdnbpw ]m«¯n\p hm§ Ww! CseIv{Snknän Hm^oknse Imcyw t\m¡q. C¶sehsc HmhÀ knbÀ Bbncp¶ BÄ ]ntäZnhkw cmhnsebp­v, Hcp ]mh¯m³ IÌ adpsS ta¡n«p tIdp¶p. ""F´m sl! kºv F©n\nbÀ kmsd¶v hnfn¨pIqsS? R§fpsS t]cv amänb hnhcw ]{X§fmb ]{X§ fnsems¡ D­mbncp¶XtÃm? IcpXn¡q«n Ahtlfn¡pIbmW tÃm? Xsâ Idâ v IWIvjsâ Imcyw, Bdpamkw Ignbs«, A t¸mÄ t\m¡mw.'' sI Fkv C _n bn AÂ]kzÂ]w kmt¦XnI Úm\apÅhscms¡ Ct¸mÄ F ©n\obÀamcWt{X! 5. henb \Kc¯nse D½nWn henb kvIqfnemWv kw`hw. C³ Uy³ FbÀsse³kv ss]eänsâ H¶mw¢mkpImcn aIÄ, Xsâ Aѳ BImi¯v ]d¡p¶Xns\ ¸än hnhcn¡p¶p. Xsâ AÑ\pw

""F´m sl! kºv F©n\nbÀ kmsd¶v hnfn¨pIqsS? R§fpsS t]cv amänb hnhcw ]{X§fmb ]{X§ fnsems¡ D­mbncp ¶XtÃm? IcpXn¡q«n Ahtlfn¡pIbmWtÃm? Xsâ Idâv IWIvjsâ Imcyw, Bdpamkw Ignbs«, At¸mÄ t\m¡mw.'' sI Fkv C _n bn AÂ]kzÂ]w kmt¦XnI Úm\apÅhscms¡ Ct¸mÄ F©n\obÀ amcWt{X! 36

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

ss]eämsW¶v Iq«pImcn ]dª t¸mÄ IqSpX hnhcWambn. Iq«pImcnbpsS ss]eämb Aѳ sdbnen IqsSbmWv ]d¡p¶Xv F¶v ]dªt¸mÄ Ip«nIÄ X½n cq£amb XÀ¡ambn. H¶v FbÀ sse³kv ss]eäv, atäXv temt¡m ss]eäv. IpcpS³ B\sb I­Xv t]msebmbn sIm¨pIp«nIfpsS AhØ. s{Sbn\nse F©n³ ss{UhdpsS t]cv amän temt¡m ss]eäv F¶m¡nbXv AdnbmsX t]mb So¨À¡pw XÀ¡]cnlmcw ImWm\mbnÃ. 6. AXnenS¡v asämcp Imcyw, ankv{SÊv, So¨À Fs¶ms¡ ]g ©³ t]cpIftÃ? So¨nMv Hm^okÀ F¶m¡p¶Xtà DNnXw? \gvkpam cptSXmWv IqSpX IjvSw. ]«m f¯nse Bip]{XnIfn tPmen sN¿p¶ \gvkpamscms¡ \gvknMv Hm^okÀamcmWv. AXn Xs¶ Iym]vä\pw tIWepsams¡bp­v. ChnSps¯ ØnXntbm? CXv Utam {Imän¡v coXnbmtWm? ChnSps¯ Bip]{XnIfnse \gv k ns\\gv knMv Hm^okÀ F¶m¡n amäp¶ Imew A\Xn hnZqcaÃ; FgpXn sht¨mfq. Cu Kh¬saânsâ Ah km\amkw hsc Asæn ASp ¯ kÀ¡mcnsâ BZys¯ amkw hsc Im¯ncnt¡­n ht¶¡mw; A{X Xs¶. BtcmKyhIp¸nse Xs¶ sl¯v hnknäsd Ct¸mÄ sl¯v C³kvs]IvSÀ F¶tà hnfn¡p¶Xv? A§ns\ F{Xsb{X DZmlcWw thWw. 7. kzo¸ÀamÀ¡pw kwLS\bp ­tÃm. kzo¸À F¶ XkvXnIbpsS t]À km\nädn hÀ¡À F¶m¡n. kzo¸nMv Hm^okÀ F¶p Xs¶ am änIn«Ww F¶ Unamâpambn kwL S\IÄ cwK¯v hcm\ncn¡p¶tX bpÅq. AÂ]w kmhImiw thW sa¶v am{Xw. 8. CsXms¡ \mS³amÀ¡v a\Ênemsb¶phcnÃ. F¶m \mS ³amÀ¡pw adp\mS³amÀ¡pw kmbv ]³amÀ¡pw a\Ênemhms¯mcp Imcyap­v. \½psS Xeaq¯ tI {µ³amÀ¡v am{Xta AXv ]nSnIn«pI bpÅq. Imcyw X]mÂhIp¸nsâ t]cv amä¯ntâXmWv. C³kvs] IvSÀ Hm^v t]mÌv Hm^okkv F¶ t]cv {_n«ojv Imew sXmt« DÅ XmWv. hIp¸nsâ s\SpwXq¬ F¶v hntijWw. AhcpsSbpw t]cv amänbncn¡p¶p. C³kv s ]Iv S À, t]mÌkv F¶mWv ]pXnb t]cv. sSet^m¬ t]mÌnsâ C³kvs] IvSdmtWm, CeIv{SnIv t]mÌnsâ

C³kvs]IvSdmtWm Fs¶m¶pw tNmZnt¨¡cpXv. D½nWn henb _p²nbpÅhcpsS Xocpam\amWv. Ipip¼msW¶v kwibn¡bpacpXv! Cu Imcy¯n tÌäv kÀ¡mtcm AXnse Gam³amtcm tami¡mcm sW¶v Bcpw [cn¡cpXv. Cu Zni bn C{Xsb¦nepw R§fpw sN bvXp. ImcyanXmWv. {Kma]©b ¯nsâ `cW\nÀhlW DtZymK Øsâ t]cv FIvknIyp«ohv Hm^o kÀ F¶mbncp¶p. A{XKabpÅ t]cv thtWm F¶v cmjv{Sob Gam ³amÀ¡v kwibw. A§ns\ Ah cpsS t]cv amän ]©mb¯v sk{I «dn F¶m¡n. Ipin¼v Fs¶m¶pw ]dtª¡cpXv. 9. \½psS sdbnÂthbpsS Im cyw IqSn Iq«¯n ]dbmXncn¡p ¶Xv A\uNnXyambncn¡pw. s{Sbn \n bm{XsNbvXpsIm­v tPmen \nÀhln¡p¶ DtZymKØÀ¡v Xm akn¡m³ kmam\yw tamiaÃm¯ apdnIÄ henb sdbnÂth tÌj\p Ifn D­v. AXnsâ t]cmWv "d®nMv dqw.' AXym[p\nI tImWn ¸SnIÄ AYhm sÌbÀtIkpIÄ t]mse Cu apdnbpw HmSp¶Xmbn F{X kq£n¨p t\m¡nbn«pw Im Wm³ IgnªnÃ! Fsâ I®nsâ Ipg¸ambncn¡ptam? 10. Hcp Imcyw hn«pt]mbncn¡p ¶p. {Kma¯n henb kzm[o\hpw A[nImchpw DÅ hyàn F¶ \nebv¡v hntÃP[n]s\"A[nImcn' F¶mWv hnfn¨ncp¶Xv. t]cn\v AÀ Yhpw Kabpap­v. Ipg¸anÃ. F¶m Â, aebmf¯n\v tIcf\m«n IqSpX {]mapJyw sImSp¡W sa¶ Xocpam\w h¶ncn¡p¶p. ae bmf¯ns\bpw ss]XrI `mj bmbn AwKoIcn¸n¡m³ KthjI camb `mjmkvt\lnIÄ ]mSps]Sp IbmWtÃm. AXn\m A[nImcn F¶ t]cv amän hntÃPv Hm^okÀ F¶m¡nbncn¡p¶p! ip`w! 11. FÃmhcpw Hm^okdmbm kÀ¡mcnsâ taÂX«nepÅhsc F´mWv hnfn¡pI? CXv Ig¼n Ãm¯ kwibw. U_nÄ Hm^oksd t¶m, Hm^okÀ ]vfÊv Ft¶m atäm hnfnt¨ms«. AXv \½psS hnjb aÃ. FÃmhcpw Hm^okdmbm kÀ ¡mcnsâ XmsgX«nepÅ tkh\Zm Xm¡sf F´mWv hnfn¡pI? ho­pw Ig¼nÃm¯ kwibw. t]cv Hm^okÀ F¶mbmse´v? AhÀ¡v Hm^okv Xq¯phmcn¡qsS, tdmUp IÄ hr¯nbm¡n¡qsS, F¶v Xncn¨v tNmZn¨v ASnhm§m³ CSh cp¯mXncn¡pI!


teJ\w sI BÀ kcnXIpamcn

kzman hnthIm\µ³: `mcX¯nsâ kqcytXPÊv

hn

thIm\µkzmanIfpsS 150þmw P·hmÀjnIw B tLmjn¡p¶ Cu kµÀ`¯n A t±l¯nsâ ktµi¯n\pw Bib §Ä¡pw A`n{]mb§Ä¡pw IqSp X {]Nmchpw {]m[m\yhpw D­v. `mcX¯nsâ ktµiw hntZi§fn se¯n¨ H¶mas¯ `mcXob\mWv kzmanhnthIm\µ³. `mcX¯nsâ bYmÀYapJw shfns¸Sp¯ns¡m Sp¯v hntZinbcpsS CSbn `mc X¯n\p _lpam\w D­m¡n¯oÀ ¯Xv hnthIm\µkzmanIfmWv. thZm´X¯zimkv { X¯nsâ Gähpw ià\mb hàmhmbn cp¶p kzmanhnthIm\µ³. C³Uy bpsS bphXzs¯ sXm«pWÀ¯m³ hnthIm\µkzmanIfpsS {]t_m[ \§Ä klmbIambn«p­v. Bi bk¼pjvSamb {]kwK§ÄsIm ­pw `bclnXamb {]t_m[\ §Ä sIm­pw C³Uybnse¼mSpw At±lw A\pbmbnIsf krjv Sn¨p. kzmanIfpsS BhnÀ`mhw `mc Xob kwkvImc¯nsâbpw lnµp aX¯nsâbpw Ncn{X¯n ]pXnb A[ymb¯nsâ XpS¡ambncp¶p. Zcn{Zscbpw IjvSs¸Sp¶hsc bpw klmbn¡m³ Gsd DÂkm ln¨ kzmanIÄ kÀhkwK]cnXym Knbmbn thZm´[Àa¯ne[njvTnX amb, kzmÀY\nct]£amb IÀaw sN¿m\mWv Bhiys¸«Xv. D¯njvTX Pm{KX {]m]yhcm ¶nt_m[X! F¶p]dªv temI s¯ hnfn¨pWÀ¯nb kzmanhnth Im\µ³ kXyw Is­¯pIbpw tkh\w sN¿pIbpamWv icnbmb PohnXw F¶p IcpXnb alm\mWv. 1892 Unkw_À 24 I\ymIp amcnbnse¯n t£{X¯n ZÀi\w \S¯nbtijw At±lw Icbn \n¶v Ccp¶qdv hmc AIse kap{Z ¯n DbÀ¶p\n¡p¶ ]mdbn aWn¡qdpItfmfw [ym\\ncX\mbn

Ccp¶p. Bdp sImÃw ap¼p kam[n {]m]n¨ {iocmaIrjvW³ X¶neÀ ¸n¨ hnize£y¯nsâ kz`mhhpw km[yXbpw [ym\¯n \n¶pWÀ ¶t¸mÄ At±l¯n\p t_m[y ambn. kzmanhnthIm\µ\v Xsâ Kpcp hmb cmaIrjv W ]calwkcn \n¶pe`n¨ {][m\D]tZi§fn sem¶mWv Poh\mWv inh³ (Hmtcm hyànbnepw ssZhXzap ­v ) . CtX¯pSÀ¶v At±lw Zcn{Z\mcmbWtkh (km[p¡fn eqsS ssZhs¯ tkhn¡pI) F¶ IÀa]²Xn¡v cq]w \ÂIn. hnth Im\µ³ {iocmaIrjvWaTw Øm ]n¨Xv Bßt\mtam£mÀYw PKXv lnXbmN (Ah\hsâbpw temI ¯nsâbpw kmbpPy¯n\mbn) F¶ XXz¯ne[njvTnXambmWv. sImfw_Êv Atacn¡ I­p]n Sn¨Xnsâ kvacWbv¡mbn 1893 sk ]väw_À 11 \v hnfn¨pIq«nb temIa Xalmkt½f\¯n `mcX¯nsâ {]Xn\n[nbmbn ]s¦Sp¯Xv kzman hnthIm\µ³ Bbncp¶p. {]kwKw Bcw`n¨t¸mÄ ""Atacn¡bnse ktlmZco ktlmZc³amtc...'' F¶mWv At±lw A`nkwt_m[\ sNbvXXv. Cu kwt_m[\ Ahsc ]pfIaWnbn¨p. At±l¯nsâ hm¡pIÄ tem IktlmZcys¯ DWÀ¯p¶Xm bn. ZrVamb hm¡pIÄ. X«pw XS hpanÃm¯ hmIv{]hmlw. kvt\l ¯nsâ ]cn]qÀWX. FÃmhcpw B k\ymknbpsS hm¡pIfn ebn¨n cp¶p. hm¡pIfpsS amkvaciàn bm temIP\Xsb s]s«¶v Iog S¡nb Cu bphk\ymkn Bsc¶ tNmZy¯n\padp]Sn kzmanhnthIm \µ³ F¶mbncp¶p. aXalmk t½f\¯nepw Atacn¡³ P\X bpsStaepw lnµpaXw t]mse ià amb kzm[o\w sNep¯nb asämcp aXanÃ.

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teJ\w lnµp[Àa¯nsâ Gähpw {][m \s¸« {]Xn\n[nbmb kzmanhnth Im\µ\mbncp¶p aXalmkt½f \¯nse Gähpw {]ikvX\pw P\ k½X\pamb hyàn. kzmanhnthIm\µ³ {]ikvXn bnte¡v DbÀ¶tXmsS Atacn¡ bnse hnhn[kwLS\Ifpw kÀh IemimeIfpw At±ls¯ £ Wn¨p. AhnsSsbÃmw kzmanPn `mcX¯nsâ DbnÀs¯gpt¶Â ¸nsâ kzcamWv tIĸn¨Xv. `mcXw AÔhnizmk§fpsS \mSmsW¶m bncp¶p ]mÝmXycpsS hnNmcw. `mcXw kwkvImck¼¶cpsS \m SmsW¶v kzmanPn sXfnbn¨p. 1897 sabv 1 \v I¡¯bn "cmaIrjvWanj³' F¶ kwLS\ bv¡v cq]w \ÂIn. Kpcphnsâ ktµ i§Ä P\§fnse¯n¡m³ {]_p ²`mcXw DÂt_m[\w F¶o c­p amknIIÄ At±lw Bcw`n¨p. 1902 Pqsse 4 shÅnbmgvN cm{Xn injycpsS kwKoXw Bkzm Zn¨ncp¶ hnthIm\µ³ s]s«¶v Hcp injyt\mSv Xsâ Im H¶p

Xncp½n¯cm³ Bhiys¸«p. B Ccp¸n [ym\¯n {]thin¨ hnthIm\µ³ kam[nbmIpIbm Wp­mbXv. hnthIm\µsâ P·Zn\w bphP \Zn\ambn BtLmjn¡p¶p. hnth Im\µ³ C³Uysb Is­¯n. C³UybpsS sshhn[y§Ä DÄ s¡m­p. \m\mXz¯nse GIXz s¯ ZÀin¨p. hyànbn \n¶v kaql¯nte¡v hym]n¸n¨psIm ­v \nc´cw IÀa§fnteÀs¸«p sIm­ncp¶p. bphXeapdsb F t¸mgpw DÂt_m[n¸n¨psIm­n cp¶p. hnthIm\µ³ temI¯n\v \ÂInbXv IÀa\ncX\mhpI F¶ ktµiamWv. B[p\nI `mcX¯nsâ Kpcp sh¶ \nebnepw ]mÝmXy\m«nse ¯nb `mcXob kwkvImc¯nsâ bpw B[ymßnIXbpsSbpw ktµ ihmlI³ F¶ \nebnepw kzm anhnthIm\µ³ tZiobhpw A´À tZiobhpamb N{Ihmf§fn C¶pw A\p]a\mbn tim`n¡p¶p.

IhnX cmhW{]`p

Infn¸m«v AÃtbm Info Xp©¯mNmcyÀ \ns¶s¡m­v sNmÃn¨XmsW¶tÃm tIÄ¡p¶p cmambWw Infn¸ms«¶msemcp hr¯\maamsW¶pw ]dªptIt«\nh³ sNmÃpI bmYmÀYyw \o \nÊmcambnt¯m¶mant¨mZysa¶mInepw kÂkwK§fn ktµl¯nsâ an¶Â ImWmw IhnIÄ¡dw]ämXncn¡m\mWo kq{Xw Nnecoa«nÂs¨mÃoSp¶Xpw ckmhlw! `mjmhr¯¯nsemcp {]tXyI coXnbmbn Xp©¯mNmcyÀ krjvSns¨¶pasämcp Iq«À ssIcfns¡mcp cXv\ameyambo hr¯s¯ kuc`yap­m¡pwa«p­m¡nsb¶pw sNmÂthmÀ Hmat\ Infns¸t® \o ]mdn h¶ns«sâ aSnbnencp¶mepw Rms\m¶pXtemSs«. ImenI£X§sf amäphm³ Znhyuj[þ amWp \n³ {ioZÀi\sa¶p Rm³ IcpXp¶p.

38

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

kzmanhnthIm\µsâ alZvhN\ §Ä $ hnZym`ymkw a\pjys\a\pjy\m ¡p¶ {]hÀ¯\amWv. a\pjy\n epÅ k¼qÀWXbpsS Bhnjv ImcamWv hnZym`ymkw. $ AÚXbn \n¶p Ic Ibdp hm³ amÀKw Ht¶ DÅq. hnZymk¼ ¶cmIpI. Adnhv t\Sn hfcpI. $ BZÀiw Xmgv¯m\pw ]mSnÃ, {]m tbmKnIX ad¡phm\pw ]mSnÃ. h¼n¨ BZÀi\njvTbpw AtXm sSm¸w {]mtbmKnIXbpw kzPohn X¯n kt½fn¸n¡m³ {ian ¡Ww. $ A\pkcW, k¶²X, e£y t_m[w F¶nh \ n § Ä ¡ p s ­ ¦n \n§sf ]n´ncn¸n¡m³ BÀ ¡pw IgnbnÃ. $ FÃm hnImkhpw PohnXamWv. FÃm kt¦mNhpw acWamWv . BZyw X¶n¯s¶ hnizmkapÅ hcmIpI. ]ns¶ Cuizc\nepw.


Iem-temIw BÀ«nÌv Im«qÀ \mcm-bW]nff

B

ZnIme¯v KplIfpsS DÅnepw ]pd¯pw, ]n ¶oSv DW§nb CeIfn epw, "tNmÀ¨IqSmsX sI«n¨paêw h¨' ]mÀ¸nS§Ä D­mbt¸mÄ `n¯nIfnepw, t]¸À, Nmbw, XpWn, Iym³hmkv F¶nh I­p]nSn¨ t¸mÄ Ahbnepw aëjy³ Nn{X §Ä hc¨p. Bib§Ä A\ysc Adnbn¡m\pw, hnImc§Ä {]ISn ¸n¡m\pw kÀKhmk\sím¯v Zr iymhnjvImcw km[n¡m³ Iebp sS \nÀamW LSI§sf GtIm]n ¸n¨v {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯n. hnhn[Im eL«§fnse ]ptcmKXnbpw ]cn jvIcW§fpw aptJ\ ]eXcw B IrXnIfn ssienIfn Iemhkv Xp¡Ä ]qÀ¯nbm¡m³ ]eamXncn kmt¦XnIXIfpw \nÀamWcoXn Ifpw ssieokhntijXIfpw Iem Imc·mÀ¡v ]n³XpStc­n h¶p. {] Øm\§fpw X\Xp ZÀi\§fpw IemkrjvSnIfn kzX{´ambn Ip SnsIm­p. IemkzmZIcpw \ncq] Icpw Bcm[IcpsaÃmw IemImc\v ZnhyXzw \ÂIpIbpw `mh\mk¼ ¶³, Iem\n]pW³, {]Xn`mimen XpS§nb hntijW §fneqsS Abmsf ASbmfs¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp. taÂ]dª FÃm Imcy§fn epw IemImcsâ kÀKssh`hw, cN\manIhv, khntijX XpS§n bh \nÀWmbILSI§fmbncp¶p.

{]XnjvTm]\Ie: s]mfn¨pamäm hp¶ sI«pImgv¨ Nn{XImcs\t¶m inÂ]Imcs\ t¶m cwKIemImcs\t¶m t`Zan ÃmsX IebpsS A\´ km[yX

{]XnjvTm]\Ie

hÀ¯am\ImeIe IÄ At\zjn¨pff {]bmW¯nsâ ^eambmWv {]Xnjv T m]\Ie (Installation Art) sb IemæXpInIÄ ImWp¶Xv. Zznam\ Xe¯ntem, {Xnam\Xe¯ntem \nÝnX `mhþ lmhmZnIfntemam{Xw HXp§n\n ¡msX, KymednIfn \n¶pw Ìp UntbmIfn \n¶pw IemhkvXp ]pdt¯¡v hn\ykn¡s¸«v Xpd Êmb Øehpw A´co£hpw FÃmwIqSn H¶n¨ptNÀ¶Xnsâ ]cnWX^eamWv {]XnjvTm]\ Ie. ^yq¨dnÌpIfpsSbpw Iyq_n ÌpsImfmjpImcpsSbpw I¬kv{S IvSnhnÌpIfpsSbpw Akwt»Pp ImcpsSbpsams¡ kwLSnX{]hÀ ¯\^eamWXv. temIsa¼mSpw B[p\ntIm¯c IemkhntijX sb¶ \neív Ignª aqì ]Xnäm ­ntesd¡meambn, `mcX¯nsâ hnhn[`mK§fn epw AXn\v am\yX e`n¨p. kzX{´amb Hcp Iem{]hÀ¯ \sa¶ \nebn C³Ìtej\v \nbXamb kma{KnItfm BZyta \nÝbn¨pd¨ A¡mZanI kwhn [m\tam CÃm¯Xn\m bmZrÑnI ambpw Bß{]tNmZnXambpw shfn ]mSpIÄt]mse hcp¶ _nw_§ fpsS GtIm]\w am{Xta th­q. Ne\§tfm i_vZ§tfm Ir{Xna shfn¨§tfm Hs¡ CXn Iq«n¡ eÀ¯mw. Hcp sI«pImgvNsb¶ ]Zw CXn\p ]mIamIp¶p. Bhiyw Ignªv Chsb tUm¡psaâp sNbvXv s]mfn¨pamäpIbpamhmw. P\]£Ie C³Ìtej³Ie asämcp hÀ¯ am\þIme khntijXbmb P\] £Ie (Public Art) bpsS ]Ým¯ eambn ¯oÀì. C¶s¯ Cu khntijX bpsSbpw B[mcw Iemkrãn{]{In bbneqsS h³ tXmXnepÅ s]mXp P\{i² ]nSn¨p]äÂXs¶. P\ _mlpeyapff \nc¯pþaXnepIfn epw [mcmfw BfpIÄ tPmensN ¿p¶ Hm^okpIfpsSbpw ^mIvSdn IfpsSbpw \ShgnIfnse ]pdw `n

P\]£Ie

¯nIfnepsams¡ Nn{Xw hcbv¡p Ibpw inÂ]w sN¿pIbpamhmw. AhnsSbpff P\_mlpey{i²bn te¡v IemImc³ Xsâ efnXamb ImenIZriy§fhXcn¸n¨v C¶ s¯ temI¯nsâ BXy´nI em fnXyw HmÀas¸Sp¯p¶p. hyàn{] `mhw sXfnbn¨ At\Iw IemImc ·mÀ FÃm cmPy§fnepw C¯cw "]»nIv BÀSv' {]hWXbn ]¦p tNcp¶p. C³Ìtej³t]mse Cu P\] £Iebpw Imem´c§fn \ne \nÂçtam Ft´m! CXnse´p au enIX Asæn ka{KX F¶¼ cç¶ IemkzmZIêw ædhÃ. P\]£Iebnepw IemsshZKv [ytam hyànXztam hyànap{Z Itfm KWn¡s¸Sp¶nsöp am{X aÃ,IebpsS klPka{KXbv¡m hiyambhsbm¶pw {i²n¡s¸tS ­Xnà F¶ AhØbpamWv. tIhew Imem\pkrX amäambn am{Xw KWn¡m\mhp¶ aäp ]pXnb khntijXIfpw {]Xo£n¡mw. C sXÃmamsW¦nepw Kymedn kwkv Imchpw hyànKX {]`mhhpsam s¡ C¶pw ssItImÀ¯p \n çì.

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

39


A\pkvacWw cmPm {ioIp-amÀhÀa

s{]m^ A¼-e-¸pg cma-hÀaþ Bß-hn-Zym-ebw £m {Xbp-K-¯nsâ A kvX-a-bhpw "hÀ-a {X'b¯n (A-¼-e-¸p-g-þ-h-b-emÀ-þFÂ.-]n.-BÀ) Ah-tijnXsâ A ´yhp-amWv 2013 amÀ¨v 31. Fsâ Aѳ A¼e¸pg cma-hÀasb Imeb-h-\nI ad-¨p. amc-I-amb Hc-kpJ hpw AÑ-\p-­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. 87þ{]m bw. Bbp-sÊ-¯n-b-Xm-bn-cn-¡pw. "A\m-bm-tk-\-a-cWw' F¶-h-km-\n¡p¶ Hcp tÇmIw Aѳ sNmÃp-am bn-cp-¶p. AXv kmÀ°I-am-bn. F sâ aI³ lrjoIpw A\p-P³ a[phnsâ aI³ Pb-tZ-h-\p-am-bn-cp¶p AÑsâ Bip-]-{Xn-ip-{iq-j-IÀ. A¼-e-¸pg tImhn-eIw t£{X ¯nsâ hnfn-¸m-S-I-se-bm-Wv (t£ {Xw Xs¶ F{X al-¯cw!k]vX-alm-t£-{X-§-fn-sem-¶v! tZh-\m-cmbW cmPmhnsâ kZ-ky-cm-bn-cp¶ taÂ]p-¯qÀ, Fgp-¯-ѳ, Ip©³ \¼ymÀ, F¶o Ihn-Ip-e-]-Xn-I-fpsS aco-Nn-IÄ Xnf-§p¶ \me¼ew.) B tImhn-e-Is¯ Imc-W-h-·mcpw IYIfn {]nb-cm-bn-cp¶p. kzmXn-Xncp-\m-fn-sâbpw D{Xw Xncp-\m-fn-sâ bpw `mjm-Kp-cp-hmbn-cp¶ cma-hÀ a³ Ahn-Sp-s¯-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Imfnb aÀZ\w B«-¡-Ym-c-N-bn-Xmhv tIc-fhÀa³, sN­-hmZy hnZ-Kv[-\m-bncp¶ cma-hÀa³ F¶n-hÀ AÑsâ hey½m-h-·m-cm-Wv. th«-bvs¡m-cp aI³ t£{Xw Ahn-sS-bp-­v. sIm ¨p-¶mÄ apX R§-fn Cu tIm hn-e-I-§-fn-sebpw tNmam-e, ]nem¡pSn-, ]pXp-a\, Infn-bm«v F¶o Cà §fn-sebpw ]pcm-W-{K-Ù-]m-cm-bWw, ]qP, tlmaw, A¼-e-§Ä, D Õ-h-§Ä F¶n-h-sbms¡ \¶mbn kzm[o\w sNep-¯n-bn-«p-­v. DÕ-hIm-e¯pw aäpw R§sf Aѳ the-I-fn, Iq¯v IY-I-fn, XpÅ XpS-§nb Ie-IÄ ImWn-¡m³ sIm­p-t]m-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶p. AÑ-sâ bpw A½-bp-sSbpw A½m-h-·mÀ A`n-PmX \mbÀ Krl-§-fn kw

40

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

A¼e¸pg cma-hÀa

_Ôw sNbvXn-cp-¶-Xn-\m B k ap-Zm-b-hp-ambpw D¯-a-_-Ô-am-Wp­m-bn-cp¶Xv. £{Xnb IpSpw-_§fn \¼q-Xncn kw_-Ôhpw ]Xnhm-bn-cp-¶p ]­v. IrjvW-]pcw F¶ {Kmaw (Ct¸mÄ Imbw-Ipfw ap\n-kn-¸m-en-än) Imbw-Ip-f-¯n\pw Hm¨ndbv¡pw CSbv¡pÅ Øe-am-Wv. ap¡-Sbv¡v ]Sn-ªm-dmWv tImhn-e-Iw. Ingt¡m«vt]m-bm amth-en-¡-cbmbn. Hm¨nd hfsc Ncn-{X-{]m-[m-\y-apÅ Øe-am-Wv. Ahn-Sps¯ ]c-{_-Ò-{]Xn-jvTbv¡v taev¡q-c-bnÃ. {]km-Zambn a®mWv \ÂIp-I. ]d-bn-s]ä ]´n-cp-Ip-e-¯nse AI-hqÀ Nm ¯³ AhnsS kmbqPyw t\Sn F¶v sFXn-ly-ap-­v. Hm¨n-d-¸-S-\n-ew, Im

f-sI-«v, ]{´-­p-hn-f-¡v, Hm¨n-d-¡fn CsXms¡ ImtW­ ImgvN-I-fm-Wv. IrjvW -]p-c-¯p-\n¶pw \me©p \mgnI AI-e-ta-bpÅp sN«n-Ip-f-§cbv¡pw I­n-bqÀ¡pw. AXpt]m se lcn-¸mSpw a®mdim-ebpw ASp¯p-X-s¶-bpÅ Znhy-Ø-e-§-fm-Wv. ImbwIpfw Imb kmao-]y-apÅXn\m \à \nc¸pÅ {]tZ-i-amWv Ir jvW-]p-cw. \mj-\ sslth 47 AXnse t]mIp-¶p. ]g-b-Hm-S-\mSnsâ ]cn-k-c-§-fm-b-Xp-sIm­v B `mj-bpsS {]`mhw ta {]kvXmhn¨ {]tZ-i-§fnsems¡ ImWmw. Hm, Bt¶ (AtX) Ateym-¶m (AsÃ) C¿mbn (tN-¨n) sIm¨m«³, t]m¨ (]p-Ãv) A±yw (A-t±-lw) A §p¶v (A-§v) C§-s\-sbm-s¡. R


A\pkvacWw §fpsS tImhn-e-I¯v th«-bvs¡m cp aI³ t£{Xhpw kÀ¸-¡mhpw Ipf-§-fp-ap-­v. ]S-tbm-«-¡m-e-¯m Wv ]qÀhn-IÀ ChnsS h¶-Xv (1789). hS-¡pÅ tIm«bw kzcq]w (]-g-Èn) aq¶p Xmh-gn-I-fmbn Xma-kn-¨n-cps¶¶pw AXn-sem¶v s]m¶m-\nbn h¶v ]ns¶ Kpcp-hm-bqÀ\n¶pw Xncp-hn-XmwIqdn-se- IrjvW]p-c¯v hs¶¶pw aäpw hey½m-h³ ]dªn-«p-­v. A¶v thWmSv `cn-¨n-cp¶Xv "[Àa-cmPm'hmbn-cp-¶p. Irjv W-]pcw sIm«m-chpw tImhn-e-Ihpw ]WnI-gn-¸n-¨Xv Htc Ime-¯m-Wv. Htc inÂ]nI-fpw. IrjvW-]pcw tIm hn-e-Is¯ Hcp tIc-f-hÀa taÂ]¯q-cnsâ \mcm-b-Wobw hymJym-\n¨n-«p-­v. AXmWv CtX-hsc e`n-¨n«p-Å-h-bnÂh¨v Gähpw ]g¡w sN ¶Xpw anI-¨-Xpw, kwkvIr-X-hn-Zym ÀYn-IÄ¡v AXy´w {]tbmP-\-s¸Sp-¶-Xp-amb {KÙw. AÑ\pw A½m-h\pw (Hm-a-\-¡p«³ F¶ tIc-f-hÀa) kXoÀYycpw kvt\ln-Xcpw Bbn-cp-¶p. Xncp-h-\´-]pcw bqWn-th-gvknän tImsf-PnemWv AhÀ ]Tn-¨-Xv. Aѳ A½ sb hnhmlw sNbvXXv Bephm bp kn tImsf-Pn tPmen In«n-b-t¸m-gmWv. A½m-h³ AÑsâ A\p-P-¯n A½nWn-sbbpw hnhmlw Ign-¨p. hnhm-l-\n-Ý-b-¯n\v IrjvW-]p-c s¯ ]uc-{]-[m-\nbpw aq¯-Ñsâ (A-½-bpsS Aѳ tNÀ¯e ]p ¯³ tImhneI¯v tKmZ-hÀaþ am¸nfXncp-ta\n) an{X-hp-am-bn-cp¶ i¦-c-¸nÅ sshZy-\p-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. (A-t±-l-¯nsâ ]p{X-\mWv s{]m^kÀ Fkv. Kp]vX³\mbÀ kmÀ. km dnsâ Xd-hmSv Hm¨n-d-bnembn-cp-¶p). R§Ä \mept]cpw \mep-X-c¯n-epÅ hnZym-`ym-k-amWv sNbvXXv. IpªpaWn-t¨¨n (Ko-X) Fw.Fkv . kn ^nknIv k v ]mÊm- b n. ]n¶oSv a{Zm-knÂsh¨v _n.-FÍpw H¶mw ¢mÊn ]mÊm-bn. ca¬Nn (caWn)Ncn{X-¯n _ncp-Z-sa-Sp¯p. Rm³ _n.-F. Cw¥ojv Un{Kn Ignªv a[p-c-kÀh-I-em-im-e-bn \n-¶pw ae-bmfw Fw.-F. ¢mtkm-SpIqSn ]mÊm-bn. Rm\pw tN¨n-amcpw ]Tn-¨Xv kn.-Fw.-F-kv. tImsfPn-emWv. AÑsâ A\-´-c-h-cmb kp`-{Zt¨-¨nbpw Kncn-tP¨nbpw (R§-fpsS A½m-hsâ a¡Ä) kn.-Fw. Fkv. tImsf-PnÂXs¶-bmWv ]Tn-¨n-cp-¶Xv. (tIm-sf-Pn ]Tn¡pt¼mÄ X s¶ Kncn-tP-¨nsb sI F {ioIrjvW-Zm-kvtN-«³ hnhmlw sNbv Xp.) R§Ä A©p-t]-scbpw AÑ ³ ]Tn-¸n-¨n-«p-­v. a[p ]Tn-¨Xv sSen-

hn-j³ Unt¹mam tImgvkm-Wv. c­v tImhn-e-I-§-fnepw IpSpw-_-kz-¯p¡Ä [mcm-f-ap-­m-bn-cp-s¶-¦nepw AÑsâ i¼fw am{X-amWv R§sf t]mäp-hm³ Aѳ sNe-hm-¡nbn cp¶-Xv. " IÀatWy hm[n-Im-ckvtX am ^tejp IZm-N\' F¶ `K-h X¯z-am-bn-cp¶p AÑ-\pw. AÑsâ {]i-kvXn¡v Hcp ImcWw AXmWv. A¼-e-¸pgbntem IrjvW-]p-c t¯m BsW-¦n hk-Xn¡v tIm tem¯v (tIm-hn-e-Iw) Ft¶ R §Ä ]d-bp-am-bn-cp-¶p-Åp. tIm«-b ¯p h¶mWv hoSv, sXm­v (C-S-h-gn), Itcm«v (ta-se) amen (B-än³I-c) XpS-§nb "`mj-IÄ' a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶Xv. kwt_m-[-\-bpsS "tkmjy-en-k hpw' R§Ä tIm«-b-¯p-h¶v A\p`-hn-¨p. P·-\m-«n (A-Ñ-sâbpw) tIm-hn-e-I-¯p-Å-hsc B¬s]¬ t`Z-a-\p-k-cn¨v X¼p-cm-t\, Xncp-ta\o, A§p-t¶, Iptª, X¼p-cm«o Fs¶m-s¡-bmWv hnfn-¡p-I. C³ Uymþ-ssN-\mbp-²-Im-e-¯mWv A ѳ td-Un-tbm taSn-¡p-¶-Xv. Irjv W-]p-c¯v tdUntbm sIm­p-h¶p h¨-t¸mÄ Bfp-IÄ IqSn "" A¼-e¸p-g¯n-cp-ta-\n hÀ¯m-\-s¸«n (td Untbm) taSn-¨-X-dnªntÃym¶m'' F¶ kwkm-c-hp-ap-­m-bn. tIm«-b ¯p h¶-tXmsS khÀW-kw-t_m-[\-IÄ AkvX-an-¨p. Aѳ "kmdpw' A½ "sIm¨½'bpam-bn. R§Ä IjvSn¨v tam³ Asæn tamÄ. \ Kc-¯nse hkXn k{Xw t]mse-bmsW¶ bmYmÀYyhpw a\-Ên-em-bn. ]Tn-¡m³ R§Ä¡v kI-e-hn[ t{]mÕm-l-\-§fpw Aѳ \ÂIn. BZy-Im-e¯v Zo]n-I, tZi-_-Ôp, amXr-`q-an, tIc-f-`q-j-Ww, ae-bm-f-at\m-ca F¶o ]{X-§Ä hcp-¯n-bncp-¶p. IqSmsX hmcn-I-Ifpw amkn-II-fpw. IpªpaWn-t¨¨n tImsfPn ]Tn¡pt¼mÄ "KoXm-hÀa' F¶ t]cn Fgp-Xp-am-bn-cp-¶p. at\m-c-a-bn-sems¡ tN¨n-bpsS IYIÄ A¨-Sn-¨p-h-¶n-«p-­v. IeymWw Ign-ª-tXmsS tN¨n kmln-Xy-hpam-bpÅ k¼À¡w \nÀ¯n. ]g-b¶qÀ tImhn-e-Is¯ IrjvW-hÀat¨-«³ tN¨nsb hnhmlw sNbvXp. ca¬Nnt¡m a[p-hnt\m klnXyw ]d-ªn-Ã. \¶mbn Bkzm-Zn-¡pw. ca¬tN-bnsb tNÀ¯e Im«p-¦Â tImhn-e-Is¯ kptc-{µ-hÀa-t¨-«³ IeymWw Ign-¨p. a[p-hnsâ `mcy ssie-P. Fsâ hey-Osâ Hcp A\´-c-h-fmb Aw_m-{iobpw Rm\pw X½n kvt\l-hn-hm-l-am-bn-cp-¶p. kmlnXyw, \ncq-]-Ww, A[ym-]-\w, kmwkvIm-cnI {]hÀ¯\w Cu

ss]Xy-I-sams¡ F\n-¡mWv In«nb-sX¶v AÑsâ kplr-¯p-¡Ä hnti-jn-¸n-¡pw. 1967þ Hcp D] \ymka-Õ-c-¯n\v H¶mw Øm\w t\Snb F\n¡v k½m-\-Zm\w \nÀhln-¨Xv A¶s¯ apJy-a{´n C Fw. FÊv \¼q-Xn-cn-¸m-Sm-Wv. B hÀjw Rm³ tIm«bw ]»nIv sse{_dn NnÂ{U³kv skIvjsâ {]kn-U âm-bn-cp-¶p. kptc-jvIp-dp¸v sk{I-«dnbpw. ]{X-am-kn-Im-{K-Ù-§-tfm-Sp Å I¼-¯n\v Aѳ \ÂInb t{]m Õm-l\w ]n¡me ]{X-{]-hÀ¯\-¯n\v F\n¡v hgn-sX-fn-¨p. 1970þ  tIcf {KÙ-im-em-kwLw cP-XPq-_nen {]am-Wn¨v kwØm\ASnØm-\-¯n \S-¯nb IYmaÕ-c¯n F\n¡v H¶mw Øm\w In«n. k½m-\-§Ä t\Sp-¶-Xn-eq-]cn A ѳ t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¨Xv "hmk\' sbbm-Wv. 70 Xs¶ Fsâ teJ \w amXr-`qan hnjp- ]-Xn-¸n A¨-Sn¨p-h-¶p. B hmk\]n¶oSv F{X tbm {]kn-²o-I-c-W-§-fn-te¡v hym ]n-¨p! AÑsâ ¢mkv hfsc IÀi-\hpw Bkzm-Zy-I-c-hp-am-bn-cp-¶p. ]«p-\q-enf-In-bm-epÅ \nÈ-_vZX! ]mT-`mKw FSp-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-apt¼ Aѳ hni-Zamb apJ-hpc \ÂIp-am-bn-cp-¶p. ¢m knIv kmln-Xy-t¯m-Sm-bn-cp¶p A O\v {]Xn-]-¯n. imIp-´-fhpw \fN-cn-Xhpw {]mNo\Ihn-{X-b-Ir-XnIfpw AO\v {]nb-s¸-«-hbmbncp¶p. Aѳ Fsâ ¢mÊn imIp´fw ]Tn¸n¨psIm-­ncn¡p-t¼mgmbncp¶p ca¬tNbnbpsS IeymWw. ]ntä¶v ¢mÊnÂh¶v \mem-a-¦¯nse Bdm-as¯ tÇmIw hymJym\n-¨t¸mÄ Aѳ hfsc hnIm-cm-[o\-\mbn. hfÀ¯p-a-I-fmb iIp´ fsb kw_-Ôn¨v ""Im«n¸mÀ¡psa\n- ¡ p- a n- { X- I - T n\w, kvt\tlm-ZnXw IpWvTn-Xw, \m«nÂs¸« KrlØs\-{X-bp-fhw ]p{Xohntbm-K-hyY'' F¶ IWzhN-\-am-W-Xv. AÑ sâ ¢mÊn Dg-¸p-hm³ BÀ¡pw ss[cyap­mbn-cp-¶n-Ã. Aѳ cu{Z`mhw I­v s]¬Ip-«nIÄ t]Sn¨v hnd-bv¡p-am-bn-cp-¶Xv Ct¸mgpw HmÀ ¡p-¶p-­v. F¶m ck-I-c-amb Im cy-§Ä ]d-bp-t¼mÄ kI-ecpw s]m «n-¨n-cn-¡p-ambn-cp-¶p. Aѳ Nne hnIr-Xn-Isf imkn-¨n-cp-¶-Xmbn Adn-bmw. ]s£, AhÀ¡v AÑt\mSv hntcm[w tXm¶n-bn-cp-¶nÃ. AÑsâ Gähpw henb k¼¯v injy-k-¼-¯m-Wv. AÑsâ injy{]apJcn kvacn-¡p¶ t]cp-IfmWv PÌnkv sI Sn tXma-kv, Pn

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

41


A\pkvacWw Ac-hn-µ³, D½³Nm­n, tPm¬ G{_lmw, tkXp, Xncp-hng Pb-i¦À, thfq-À IrjvW³Ip-«n, sN½\w Nmt¡m, Gäpam\qÀ tkma-Zm-k³, IS-½-\n« cma-Ir-jvW³, t{]w{] Imiv, Pb-cm-Pv, tUm. Im\w i¦-c-]nÅ, _nj¸v _ÀW-_m-kv, Ipdn¨n kZ³, Xan-gv\mSv Un Pn -]n bmbncp¶ cmP-tiJc³\mbÀ, Fkv.BÀ.-kn. \mbÀ, Fkv, tKm]m-e-IrjvW³ cmPohv hnP-b-cm-L-h³ XpS§n-b-h-cp-tS-Xv. kn Fw F-Êv. tImsfPv ae-bmfw s{]m^-k-dm-bn-cp¶ kn-sF cma³ \m-bÀ kmdnsâ ho«n Aѳ R§sf sIm­p-t]m-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶p. cma³\m-bÀkmdv F\n-s¡mcp Akv Xa-b-Nn{Xw X¶Xv Rm\n-t¸mgpw kq£n¨p- h - ¨ n- « p- ­ v . tIm«- b ¯v Ønc-Xm-a-k-am-b-t¸mÄ Iem-Im-c·mcpw kmln-Xy-Im-c-·mcpw A[ym]-Icpw _Ôp-an-{Xm-Zn-Ifpw kt½-fn¡p¶ Hcp "kp[Àa' (C-{µ-k-`m-Xew) bmbn {io\nebw. AÑ\v PmXna-X-tZz-j-anÃ. Hcn-¡Â A¼-e-¸p-gbnÂsh¨v kz´w \mep-sI«n ]pebkap- Z m- b - ¯ nÂs]« c­p- I p- « nIsf aSn-bn-encp¯n lcn{io Ipdn-¸n¨p. FÃm aX-¯n-epÅ tZh-X-ItfmSpw AÑ\v _lp-am-\-am-Wv. ]Ån-¡q-S-¯n ]Tn-¡p-t¼mÄ apXepÅ Fsâ Iq«p-Im-cmb k®n-tbm Spw ^nen-¸n-t\mSpw IrjvW³Ip-«ntbmSpw AÑ-\-½-amÀ¡v hmÕ-ey-ambn-cp-¶p. GXv cmjv{Sob I£n-bmbmepw \à Imcy-§Ä sNbvXm A`n-\-µn-¡pw. cmjv{Sobw A]-{`w-iam-bm Aѳ D{K-ambn hnaÀin-¡pIbpw sN¿pw. aebmfw _n F, Fw F tImgvkp-IÄ kn Fw F-kv tIm sf-Pn CÃsÃm F¶ IpWvTnXw BZy-Im-e¯v AÑ-\p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. F\n¡v F³ -F-kv Fkv tIm¸-td äohv tImsf-Pn ae-bmfw Fw F ]Tn-¸n-¡p-hm-\pÅ Dt¯-P\w \ In-bXv AÑ-\m-Wv. ssZh-\n-tbm-K-sa¶p-]-d-b-s«. kn Fw F-kv. tImsfPnÂ\n¶pw dn«-bÀ sNbvXv F«phÀjw Ignªv AÑ\v {ioi-¦cmkÀh-I-em-im-e-bn Uo\mbn (G-äpam-\qÀ tI{µw) \nb-a\w In«n. AÑsâ {KÙ¸p-c-bn A¼-Xn-\mbn- ¯ - n- e - [ nIw ]pkv X - I §fp- ­ v . kmln-Xy-I-em-kmw-kvIm-cnI kw_Ô-amb aä-t\Iw tcJ-Ifpw A{X t¯mfw hcpw N§-¼p-g, DÅqÀ, hÅ-t¯mÄ XpS-§n-b-h-cpsS I¯pIÄ! AÑsâ Kpcp-¡-·mÀ amfn-tb¡Â am[-h-¸-Wn-¡À, F.-]n. \oe-IWvT-]n-Å, Nnc-«-¸p-d¯v cma-hÀa³

42

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

Xncp-ap-Â]m-Sv, lcn-¸mSv cma-\m-Y-¿À, Un ]Zva\m`-\p-®n, Ipän-¸pg Irjv W-]n-Å, tUm. sI tKmZ-hÀa, CfwIpfw Ipª³]n-Å, tIm¶n-bqÀ ao\m-£n-b-½, F³ Ipªp-Ir-jvW]n-Å, F³ IrjvW-]n-Å, Iogv ¡pfw cma³]n-Å, Fkv. Kp]vX³ \mbÀ F¶n-h-cm-bn-cp-¶p. AÑsâ kXoÀYy-cn an¡-hm dpw t]À Hmtcm aWvU-e-§-fn Xnf§n. ae-bm-äqÀ cma-Ir-jvW³, A¿ ¸-]-Wn-¡À, ]n sI hmkp-tZ-h³ \mbÀ, Pn i¦-c-¸nÅ, ]n tKmhn-µ-¸nÅ, tXm«w cm-P-ti-J-c³, \nXy-ssNX-\y-b-Xn, ]n ]c-ta-iz-c³, tUm. Fw F-kv hey-¯m³, kn\nam kwhn-[mb-I³ cma-Zm-kv, F³. taml-\³, h¡w ]pcptjm-¯-a³, kn-]n cma-IrjvW-]nÅ A§s\.... AÑ\v ss]Xr-I-ambn In«nb Hcp "kz¯v' bmsXmcp Zpxkz`m-h-§fp-anà F¶-Xm-Wv. AXm-bXv aZyw, ]pI-hen XpS-§n-b-h. IpSpw-_-]m-c¼-cy-¯m R§Ä¡pw Zpxio-e-§sfm-¶p-an-Ã. Aѳ ip²-lr-Z-b-\m-bXp-sIm­v [mcmfw t]Àþ _ÔpP-\§fpw A[ym-]-Icpw {]km-[-Icpw þA- Ñ s\h©n- ¨ n- « p- ­ v . F¶m ""IrX-Lv\-\nà \njvIrXn'' F¶ X¯zam-bn-cp¶p AÑ-\v. AÑ\v aebmfhpw kwkvIr-Xhpw A`n-cp-Nns¡m-¯-`m-j-I-fm-Wv. Cw¥o-jnepw AÑ\v \à ]cn-Úm-\-ap-­v. A¼-e¸pgbn Xangv {_mÒ-W-cp-am-bp-­mbn-cp¶ kl-hm-kw-aqew Xangpw AÑ\v hg-§pw. AÑ-sâ-b-{Xbpw ]m WvUn-Xy-apÅ A[ym-]-IÀ hfsc Npcp-¡w-t]-sc-bpÅp. am[y-a-§-fn sIm«nKv t Lmjn¡s¸- S p¶ ]e "hymPtImS-·mcpw' AÑsâ Gg-be¯v hcn-Ã. \sÃmcp \S-\pw-kw-LmS-I\pw hn[n-IÀ¯m-hp-ambncp¶p R§-fpsS Aѳ. B ]qs¼m-Sn tbäv F¶n-ep-ap­v B kuc`yw F¶p ]d-bmw. Aѳ hnhn[ Øm \-am-\-§-fn-en-cn¡pt¼mÄ \ymb-bpà-ambn At\-Iw-t]sc klm-bn¨n«p-­v. AkpJw hcp-¶-b-h-k-c¯n Aѳ hfsc PmK-cq-I-\m-Wv. Iem-a-WvUew FIvkn-Iyq-«o-hn-ep­m-bncp¶-t¸mÄ Aѳ PÀa-\n¡v t]mI-Wtam F¶p ktµln¨p. F¶m AÑsâ tUmIvSÀam-cmb hÀKokv sN½-\hpw tPmÀPv tP ¡_pw th­ ss[cyw sImSp-¯p. R§fpw \nÀ_-Ô-ambn ]d-ªp. PÀ½-\n-bnÂsh¨v Aѳ ]cn-N-bs¸« G{_lmw D½-\p-am-bpÅ ssa {Xn \ne-\n-¡p¶p. Kp]vX³\m-bÀkmÀ, ae-bm-äqÀ cma-Ir-jvW³, ssh¡w N{µ-ti-J-

AÑ-s\-t¸mse tZi-kwkvIm-cw, t£{X-a-lna, IpSpw-_-]m-c-¼-cyw, Iem-þkm-ln-Xy-t]m-j-Ww, BZÀi-Po-hn-Xw, Kpcp-Xzw, kXo-ÀYyXzw, injy-Xzw, A[ym-]-\w, kÂkwKw F¶n \h-kn-²n-IÄ H¯n-W-§n-b-h-cps­¦n AhÀ¡v Fgp-¯-ѳ ]pckvIm-ctam ]Zva-hn-`q-jtWm Úm\]oTtam sImSp-¯psIm-Ås«. c³ \mbÀ, B\µ inh-dmw, Imhm ew \mcmb-W-¸-Wn-¡À, tUm. A¿¸-¸-Wn-¡À, tUm. _m_p-t]mÄ, ]m em-¼-Sw, Sn F³ Pb-N-{µ³, Ipªp®n, A`-b-tZ-hv, ]n BÀ N{µ³, s{]m^. Fkv. inh-Zm-kv, ]n _n BÀ ]nÅ, sI ]n F-kv tat\m³, Iem- a Wv U ew Irjv W ³\m- b À, Fw ]n a·-Y³, tUm. Fkv -sI. \mbÀ, HmwtN-cn, s{]m^. amXyp De Iw-Xd F¶o al-¯p-¡-fp-ambn s«ms¡ F\n¡v ASp¸w h¶Xv Aѳ hgn-bm-Wv. AÑ-s\-t¸mse tZi-kw-kvImcw, t£{X-a-lna, IpSpw-_-]m-c-¼cyw, Iem-þ-km-ln-Xy-t]m-j-Ww, B ZÀi-Po-hn-Xw, Kpcp-Xzw, kXo-ÀYy Xzw, injy-Xzw, A[ym-]-\w, k kwKw F¶n \h-kn-²n-IÄ, H¯nW-§n-b-h-cps­¦n AhÀ¡v Fgp¯-ѳ ]pc-kvIm-ctam ]Zva-hn-`qjtWm Úm\]oTtam sImSp-¯psIm-Ås«. AÑsâ \ncym-W-hmÀ¯ CXp-hscbpw Adnªn«nÃm¯ Ihn-þIhbn{Xo ]pwK-hcpw Xncp-h-\-´-]pc-¯p-­v. H F³ -hn kpKX-Ip-am-cn, Xpf-ko-h-\w, {ioIp-am-c³ X¼n. `K-hm³ KoX-bn ]d-bp¶p "" PmXky ln {[pthm arXypx {[phw P·w arX-kyN'' (P\n¨m acWhpw acn-¨m P\-\hpw XoÀ¨-bm-Wv). Aѳ Bß-hn-Zym-e-b-am-bn-cp-¶p.


Infnsamgn tUm ]n tkXp-\m-Y³

½

t¡msf \m«n F¶ph ¨m Cu ]qanaebmf¯v ]­n\m \S¶ph¶ncp¶ H¯ncn H¯ncn \mS³ IfnIÄ D­mbncp ¶p. Hs¡ C¸fmÀs¡ adb¯mbn cn¡p¶p. A¡q«¯n C¨nctIa ¯w D­mbncp¶ C\amWv "Ip«n bpwtImepw Ifn.' X\n \m«p¼pd ¯pImc³ C\w. ]pXpaebmf¯n ]dªm Im«pam¡m³. C¨§m bnsb Nm¡nem¡n IS IS¯n bmWv shÅ¡mc³ {In¡äv F¶ Iem]cn]mSnbmbn ½¡p hnäXv. kw ibtath­. ½sS ]p¶mc {In¡äp Xs¶. §fp tIfv. Imcyw R½ k_q dm¡n¯cmw. sIm§³amcpw ]m­o ¡mcpamb sX¶n³Uym¡mÀ "In«n ¸pÂ' F¶pw N¸m¯n Xo¡«bn Np«pXn¶v ]¨shÅw tam´p¶ tKmkmbnamÀ "KpÃoþUwUo' F ¶pw Hma\t¸cn«ncn¡p¶ "Ip«ow tImepw' hSaebmf¯v "D­bpw tImepw' F¶mWv hnfns¸Sp¶Xv. CXn\v Hcp D­bpw CÃ. \½ ]dbp t¼mse Hcp sNdnb Ip«nbpw Hcp tImepw A©mdv Bfpw aXn. Ifn ½¡v sImgp¸n¡mw. HcSow NnÃtdw \ofapÅ I«nbp Å Hcp I¼mWv tIm . Ip«nbm Is« AcbSntbmfw t]mcp¶ Hcp Ip«n¡pdpa³ XSn¡jWw. C¨ §mbn ssI¸nSnbn HXp§Ww. Ifn¡m³ ]¯mfphsc BImw. Ipdpa³amsc c­mbn ]Ip¡pw. H ¶pw c­pw I£nbnse {]amWn amÀ tSmkv sNbvXv H¶mw Ifn¡mc s\\nÝbn¡pw. Hcp NnÃd \mWb tam C¨nc ]¨netbm BIpw tSmÌv aWn. Ce Ia¶p hoWm Hcp I£n. aeÀ¶phoWm atä I£n. IfnbpsS XpS¡ambn. H¶mw I£nbnse H¶ma³ tIm epambn IfnØeamb shfn¼d¼n sâ \Sp¡phcpw. AhnsS AcbSn \ofhpw c­n©phoXnbpw Imen©v Ipgnbpambn Hcp Nm¸ Iodnbncn¡pw. Ipgn¡p Ipdp¡s\Ip«n hbv¡pw. atä N§mbnamÀ IfnØe¯p \nc ¡pw. tIm¡mc³ Dd¡s\tNmZn ¡pw. ""Imt¯m...'' atä N§mbnamÀ sXmÅXpd¡pw. ""Im¯p...'' ""\o XpS s§Sm tams\ ChnsS \½ sdUn'' F¶p s]mcpÄ. H¶ma³ hnfn¨p Iq hpw. ""tZ tXhp¶p.'' ""tXhnt¡m''

\mS³ {In¡äv F¶v A]c³amcpw Iqhpw. tXhpI F¶m Ipgn¡p Ipdp¡s\ h¨ncn ¡p¶ Ip«n tImep sIm­v tImcn FdnbemWv. tXhp¶ Ip«n FXnÀ tNcn¡mc³ Xmsg hogmsX ]nSn ¨m tXhnbh³ ]pd¯mIpw. c­m a³ Ifn¡m³ hcpw. tXhp¶ Ip«n Xmsg hoWm In«p¶h³ Ipgn bpsS t\À¡v D¶wh¨v Fdnbpw. ]mdnhcp¶ Ip«n Ifn¡mc³ Xmsg hogmsX tIm epsIm­v hen¨v A Sn¨m Ipän hogp ¶nSw apX Ipgn hsc tIm epsIm­v Af¡pw. Afhnsâ F®w §sS ]Ån¡qSs¸cp hgn bnse H¶v c­v CXymZn DW¡¡ W¡Ã. AXnsâ hgn tIfn³. tN¡p«, Nm«n{], apdnaqSv, \mep \S, Abänt¡m¬, Btd¦v, ]d C §s\bmWv. IpSnbnSIfn tN¡p, Nm«n, apdn, \men, sFän, Btd¦v, ]d F¶n§s\F®w amdpw. Afhv Ip gntbmc¯p hcpt¼mÄ GXnemWv \n¡pI. B C\¯nemWv ASp ¯Ifn. "]d' C\mamWv. F{X ]d hsc thtWepw Af¡mw. DZmlc W¯n apdnbnemWv AfhpXocp ¶sX¦n ASp¯ ASn "\men'bn emWv. AXpw IqSn "§' tIÄ¡n³. "tN¡p'þ CSt¯ Imensâ XÅ hncen\p apIfn Ip«nh¨v X«n C«v tImepsIm­v ASn¡emWv. Nm«n {] F¶ Nm«n Ip«ntImepsIm­p aq¶p\mep X«pX«n apJ¯n\p ap ¶nte¡v DbÀ¯nC«v ASn¡emWv. apdn CSXpssI apjvSnNpcp«n XÅ hnc `mKw apIfnem¡pw. Ip«n AhnsSh¨v XÅnbn«v ASn¡Â. \men CSXpssIbnse hncepIÄ aS¡nh¨v Ipªphncepw Nq­phn cepw \nhÀ¯n Ip«n B hncepI fn Ipdp¡s\h¨v X«n C«v ASn ¡pw. Abän F¶ sFän heXpssI aS¡n tIm ]nSn¨v ssIaS¡n Ip«nh¨v ASn¡Â. Btd¦v I®n epw s\änbnepambn Ip«nh¨v X«n C«v ASn¡Â. ChnsS Ip«n Xmsg ho Wm N§mbn ]pd¯mIpw. Zqcw

Afhnsâ Aä¡mc³ ]d. Hcp ]d Af¶m an¨Zqcw ho­pw tN¡p Nm«n, apdn C§s\Af¡pw. "]d'¡ W¡nemWv hnPbhoYnbpsS InS¸v C½mXncn Bfp]pd¯mIp¶Xp hsc Ifn XpScpw. FÃm Ifn¡mcpw ]pd¯mbm A]c³amcpsS Dug amIpw. Hmtcm Iq«pImcpw FSp¡p¶ "]d' IfpsS tXmXmWv hnPb¯n sâ s]mcpÄ. sImbvsXmgnª s\¸mS§ fpw shfn¼d¼pIfpamWv Cu \m S³ IfnbpsS IfnØew. aebmf ¸gabnse Ip«nbpw tImepw Ifn C t¸mgpw {Kmam´c§fn s]mgn bmsX \ne\n¡p¶p­v. ½t¡m sf hSaebmfamb D®nbmÀ¨b½ bpsSbpw HtX\¡pdp¸m¶hcpsS bpw \m«n D­bpw tImepw Ifn {] amZambn \ne\n¶ncp¶p. Xeapdn b³amsct¸mseXs¶ BWm¸n d¶ XSnb³amcpw Cu Ifn ASn¨p s]mfn¨ncp¶p. Cu Ifn Sukdnsâ tN¸nen«v IÅ¡S¯p \S¯n\m«n se¯n¨mWv shÅ¡mc³ {In¡äm ¡n ½¡v hnäp Imipamdp¶Xv. ½sS \m«n tNmZn¡m\pw ]dbm\pw B fnÃm¯Xnsâbpw tIt¸mcpw tIgv hnbpw CÃm¯Xnsâbpw t]m¡Ww tISv §¡v ]nSnIn«ntb.

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]T\w tUm Pn Djm-Ip-amcn

BÝcyNqUmaWnbnte¡v IqSnbm«thZnbn (`mKw 6)

A

Â`pXmZnck§fpsS kp kq£va`mh§Ä {]Im in¸nç¶Xnepw {]mIrXaebmfw {]tbmKnç¶Xnepw BlmcyNmcp Xbnepw ]m{XmhnjvIcW¯nepw AXy´w lrZyhpw B\µZmbI hpamWv BÝcyNqUmaWnbnse iqÀ¸WJm¦w Fì tIfntI« c­ma¦w. hn[hbmb iqÀ¸WJ efnXmthj¯n e£v a Ws\ {]Xo£n¨v ]ÀWimem´nI¯n Ccnç¶ kµÀ`w apX AhfpsS IÀW\mknImIpNIr´\w hsc bpff BcWyImWvU IYm`mK§ fmWv Cu A¦¯nse {]Xn]mZyw.

BIÀjImwi§Ä A¦\maw, A`n\bXe¯nse sh ÃphnfnIÄ, Blmcysshhn[yw Chbm hyXykvXX ]peÀ¯p¶ A¦amWnXv. \mbnIm \mbI·mcn eqsS ]ckv]cm\pcmKw hyRvPn¸n ¡p¶ tIimZn]mZamSÂ, k½n{i hnImc§Ä {]Imin¡p¶ PpKp]v kmhlamb hnPrw`Ww, `mh{Xbw, tI«mSÂ, ]IÀ¶m«w, AÂ`pX ¯nsâ aqÀ¯{]Imi\w, km[p{] IrXnbnÂ\n¶v cm£kobXbnte ¡pff {Iam\pKXamb ]IÀ¨; `bw, Akqb, kzmÀYX XpS§nb kv{XoklP`mh§Ä ]cakmXznI s\t¸mepw Xfbv¡p¶ ambmkuµ cymhnjvIcWw, cm£kobXbpsS aqÀ¯`mhamb "Icn', `bhpw B Ýcyhpw P\n¸n¡p¶ \nWw, Nmcn IÄ, kvtXm`§Ä, ]mIrXaebm f`mj XpS§n ]eXcw BIÀj Imwi§Ä Cu A¦¯n DÅS §pì. `mh¸IÀ¨ kuµcy¯nsâ aqÀ¯o`mhamb efnXmthj¯nsâ ]pd¸mtSmSpIq SnbmWv iqÀ¸WJm¦w Bcw`n¡p ¶Xv. AXy´w BIÀjIamb Cu kpµcocq]¯n\v sshcq]y]caIm

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jvTbmb "Icn', "\nWw' XpS§nb PpKp]v k mþ`oIccq]§fnte¡v Aë{Iaw kw`hnç¶ `mh¸IÀ¨ Cu A¦¯nsâ khntijLSI amWv. kw`h{Iaw {iocma\nÀtZia\pkcn¨v hfsc hn emkhXnbmbn e£vaW kao]sa ¯p¶ efnX kuµcymZnIfm {io cmakZri\mb e£vaWs\¡­v BIrjvSbmhpIbpw Xsâ CwKnXw Adnbn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. e£va W\mIs« þ "Rm³ \n\¡v A\pcq ]\Ã, BbXn\m tPyjvTsâ D] tZiw tXSnhcmw' F¶p ]dªv AhnsS\n¶p Iuie]qÀhw t]m Ip¶p. e£vaWs\bpw {]XoIvjn¨v A[nIkabw ]ÀWimebpsS k ao]ancn¡p¶ efnX e£vaW³ hm ¡m Xs¶ NXn¨XmtWm F¶v i¦n¡p¶p. {ItaW Ahfn Bi¦ hfcp¶p. ""cmasâ hm¡p hnizkn¨v e£vaWkao]t¯¡p ]pds¸« Rm³ Hcp {]tbmP\hpan ÃmsX kckzXn aqVs\ F¶ h®w kpJadnbmsX e£vaWk ao]¯p\n¶p \nhÀ¯nt¡­n hcp ¶pthm? C§s\sbmchØ ap³ s]mcn¡epw D­mbn«nÃtÃm! e£v aW³ XncnsI hcmXncn¡m³ Imc Ww Kpcpip{iqjtbm AtXm Dt] £ Xs¶tbm? {iocmakao]¯p t]mbn Imcy§Ä [cn¸n¨m Fsâ ZpchØtbmÀ¯v At±lw Xs¶ Fs¶ kzoIcn¨mtem? ChÀ ¡ncphÀ¡pw A[o\bmbn At§m «pant§m«pw \S¶v kÀh{]Imtc Wbpw ZpxJn¡m³ F\n¡v kwKXn h¶phtÃm! Rm³ `mKylo\bm WtÃm!'' C§s\ hnNmcn¨v þ "F¶m {iocmak¶n[nbnte¡p ]pds¸Smw; AhnsS h¨v Imcy§Ä \nÝbn¡mw' F¶pt±in¨p]pds¸ Sp¶p.

Cu kabw Ahfn _lphn[ Nn´Ifm ssZ\yw, AaÀjw, A kqb, k´m]w, tIm]w, \nÀthZw XpS§nb `mh§Ä DWÀ¶v Ah fpsS Bi¦sb ]cnt]mjn¸n ¡p¶p. PpKp]vkmhlamb _o` kck¯nsâ A¦pcw ChnsS {]IminXam¡n tIm]\nizmkmZnI tfmSpIqSn iqÀ¸WJ {iocmakhn [¯nte¡p ]pds¸Sp¶p. cmakao ]¯n ho­psa¯nb iqÀ¸W Jsb ""AÑ\½amÀ Bsc¶dnbm ¯Xp sIm­pw Im«n Aeªp\ S¡p¶hfmbXn\mepw F\n¡v kzo Icn¡m³ km[yaÃ'' F¶p ]dªv ho­pw {iocma³ Ahsf e£vaW kao]¯nte¡p \ntbmKn¡p¶p. B kabw Ahfnse cm£kobX tIm]hN\§fmbn ]pd¯phcp ¶p:þ "im´w, ]m]w. Bcykyh N\w {]amWoIpÀhXym abmƒ]l knXx kv{Xo kapZmNmcx'(Iãw! Iãw! Bcysâ hm¡v {]amWamsb Sp¯ Rm³ kv{Xo kapZmNmcs¯ ¯s¶bmWv [n¡cn¨Xv.) Hê {]ikvtXmZmlcW¯m {iocma³ B {]kvXmh\bpsS IS ]pgçì:þ ""inhsâ PSm`mc¯n se KwKt]mepw `mcyamÀ ]eêÅ kap{Zs¯ {]m]n¡p¶p. AXn\m CXn kv { XokapZmNmchncp² ambn H¶pwXs¶ Cà ''F¶p ]d ªv At±lw Ahsf ho­pw e£v aW khn[¯nte¡v \nÀ_Ô]q Àhw Abbv¡p¶p. CXv iqÀ¸WJbnse Bi¦ hfÀ¯pIbpw t{Imt[mÂ`h¯n\v ImcWambn¯ocpIbpw sN¿p¶p. ""C\nbpw B e£vaW³ Fs¶ ]cnXyPn¨m XoÀ¨bmbpw Rms\ sâ kzcq]s¯ kzoIcn¡pw'' Fì Xoêam\n¨v AhÄ kzXxkn²amb cm£kokvtXm`w {]ISam¡p¶p. cm£kokvtXm`w; {]thiIw cu{Z`mhw apJ¯phcp¯n, ssII


]T\w Ä XpSta XÃn, apjvSnNpcp«n, D¯ cobm{K§Ä c­p ssIIÄsIm ­pw Iq«n¸nSn¨v, Hcp ssI sNhn hsc s]m¡n, atäss¡ Xmgv¯n, (C§s\ ]eXhW Cf¡n) tIm] ¯nsâ aqÀ[\yX {]ISn¸n¨v, ssI ¸Sw c­pw ]nW¨v tImÀ¯p]nSn¨v, ap³]n aq¶p Zn¡nte¡pambn ssIadn¨psIm­v aq¶Sn ap³t]m «pw ]n³t]m«pw hbv¡p¶p.) Cu {] thiIt¯msS cq]¯n kpµcn bpw `mh¯n cm£knbpamb iqÀ ¸WJ e£vaWkao]t¯¡p ]pd s¸Sp¶p. XpSÀ¶v {iocmaþkoXm kw`mjW at[y AWnbdbn cm£knbpsS Iqh tIÄ¡p¶p. AXnëtijw cq]`mhmZnIfm ]qÀWambpw cm£kobX {]m]n¨ iqÀ¸WJbpsS Icnthjw cwK{] thiw sN¿p¶p. XpSÀ¶v AhÄ apgp_v{`m´n sbt¸mse \ne¯ncpìê­v {]m IrX aebmf¯n ]pe¼n koX sb B{Ian¡ms\mê§pì. e£v aW³ Ahsf XSp¡p¶p. XSp¯ e£vaWs\bpw FSp¯v AhÄ BImi¯nte¡pbcp¶p. BImi ¯n h¨v Ahfn \n¶p c£s¸ Sm³ kv{Xoh[w ]m]sa¶p IcpXn e£vaW³ AhfpsS IÀW\mkn ImIpN§Ä tOZn¡p¶p. BÀ¯ \mZ¯m `qanbpw AjvSZn¡pI fpw {]I¼\w sImffn¨psIm­v iq À¸WJ \new]Xn¡p¶p. AXn ¸n¶oSv \nWaWnªv hncq]X {]m ]n¨ iqÀ¸WJ cwKs¯¯p¶p. AS¡aä Ima¯nsâ Zpc´w a\pjya\Ênsâ {]mtbmKnIXe §fneqsS hfscb[nIw k©cn¨ hcmWv `mcX¯nse Ejoizc·m cmb IhnIsfÃmhcpw. cmambW ¯nse "iqÀ¸WJ' F¶ Cu IYm ]m{Xw \ap¡v a\Ênem¡n¯cp ¶Xv AS¡m\mhm¯ Imaw Aim ´nbnte¡p \bnçw F¶ hkvXp XbmWv. {]kvXpX A¦¯n BZyh km\w ]e cq]¯nepw ]e `mh¯n epw t{]mPzen¨p\n¡p¶ IYm]m {XamWv iqÀ¸WJ. kv{XoklP amb FÃm hnImchnNmc§fpw Cu IYm]m{X¯neqsS cwK{]thiw sN¿p¶p. {]kvXpX IYm]m{Xw Xsâ Ømbo`mhamb cm£kob Xbn \n¶v ambmPme¯neqsS kpIpamccq]¯nte¡pw XpSÀ¶v cm£kobXbnte¡pw \S¯p¶ Nbm]Nb{]{Inb IqSnbm«¯nse Xs¶ thdns«mcp ImgvNbt{X. `À¯mhmb hnZ|Önlzsâ

A]arX|aqew hn[hbmb iqÀ¸ WJ Ima]qÀ¯n¡mbn `À¯mhn s\At\zjn¨v temIsa§pw k© cnç¶p. AjvSZnIv]meI·mcmb C{µmZntZh·mÀt]mepw Ahfn AkwXr]vXnbpfhm¡n. B kab ¯mWv XnI¨pw bmZrÑnIambn `qan bn tKmZmhco \Zo Xocs¯ hr £¨ph«n hn{ian¡p¶ cmae£v aW·msc ImWp¶Xv. AhêsS cq] kuIpamcy¯m Imatamln Xbmb iqÀ¸WJ AhÀ¡\pcq] amwhn[w kzicocw ambmPme¯m  at\mlcamçì. hnjbmkànbpsS hnImk]cn Wma§Ä hnjbmkàamb a\Êv hnjb{]m ]vXn¡mbn B hnjbhr¯nbn k¼qÀW{i²\nan¯w asäm¶nte ¡pw hyXnNen¡mXncn¡pì. hnj bmkànbn Ignbp¶ a\Ênsâ Cu AhØsb KoXbn `wKy´ tcW "[ym\w' F¶p]dbp¶p. Im amXpca\Ên\v XÂkw_Ônbmb hnjb§tfmSpw almtem`n¡v [\ ¯nt\mSpw tam£Imw£n¡v Cu izct\mSpw tXm¶p¶Xv AXXnsâ ]caamb eo\`mhamWv. ChnsS Cuizc\n [ym\\ncX\mIp¶p F¶Xn\p]Icw t`mKhnjb¯n Nn¯w \neo\am¡p¶p Fì am{Xw. a\Èmkv{XmZnZrãnIfneqsS C{]Imcw hnjbs¯ Iman¡p t¼mÄ B hnjbw tZiIme§ fm Iman¡p¶hcnÂ\n¶v AI ¶p\n¡pw. Bkab¯v ssIhcm ¯Xp ssI¡em¡m³ D]m[nIÄ At\zjn¨p Is­¯p¶p. C§s\ iqÀ¸WJ Is­¯nb D]m[n bmWv kzicoccq]m´cw. cm£ko b`mhw amän AhÄ Gähpw kuµ cyhnemk§tfmSpIqSnb efnXm thjw [cn¡p¶p. a\Èmkv { X ¯n CXn\v Psychologic set Fì ]dbpw. Fensb¡­ ]q¨ AXns\]nSn ¡m³ kzicocKXn \nb{´n¨v, Zrjv SnIÄ Fenbn am{Xw tI{µoI cn¨v, ]Xp§nbncp¶v, hmem«n icoc ¯n\v Bbw sImSp¡p¶p. C{] Imcw Imamhnãhyàn B{Klk ^eoIcW¯n\mbn kabw, [\w, Bbmkw, biÊv Chsbsbms¡ _enIgn¨v icochpw a\ÊpsaÃmw Hcpt]mse kÖam¡n \nÀ¯p¶p. icoca\ÊpIÄ tbmPn¨p{]hÀ ¯n¡p¶p. icochym[nIÄ a\Ên s\bpw at\mhym[nIÄ icocs¯ bpw hensbmcfhn _m[n¡p¶p.

Fensb¡­ ]q¨ AXns\]nSn¡m³ kzicocKXn \nb{´n¨v, ZrjvSnIÄ Fenbn am{Xw tI{µoIcn¨v, ]Xp§nbncp¶v, hmem«n icoc¯n\v Bbw sImSp¡p¶p. C{]Imcw Imamhnãhyàn B{Klk ^eoIcW¯n\mbn kabw, [\w, Bbmkw, biÊv Chsbsbms¡ _enIgn¨v icochpw a\ÊpsaÃmw Hcpt]mse kÖam¡n \nÀ¯p¶p. a\Èmkv{X¯n CXn\v Psychosomatic F¶mé t]cv. Ima]qÀ¯n çIs­¯p¶ D]m[nIÄ ^ew I­nsæn AXv ISp¯ \ncmi bv¡p hgnsbmcp¡pw; \ncmia\ Êns\ t£m`n¸n¡pw; t{Im[¯n\p ImcWamhpw. Cu Imtam]m[n hn LmXw hr¡IÄçta ØnXn sN¿p¶ A{Uo\ {KÙnIsf tNmZn¸nçì: B {KÙnbn \nì dìhê¶ A{Uo\men³ F¶ {k hw sRmSnbnSbn cà¯n Ie À¶v hnhn[\mUnIsfbpw Icfns\ bpw DuÀPnXs¸Sp¯p¶p; cà ¯n A[nIambp­mhp¶ ¥q t¡mkv icoc¯nse NqSpw Imtam ±o]\hpw hÀ[n¸n¡p¶p. XpSÀ¶v Bamib¯nsâ {]hÀ¯\w kvXw `n¡p¶p. IepjnX càw [a\nI fneqsS k©cn¨v Igp¯v, apJw, akvXnjvIw, ssIIÄ, ImepIÄ Chbn {]thin¡pt¼mÄ Igp¯v hcnªpsI«p¶Xmbpw IWvTanSdp ¶Xmbpw A\p`hs¸Spw. XpSÀ¶v ]ÃpIÄ Iq«nsRcn¡pI, Imep sIm­p sXmgn¡pI, apjvSnNpcp«n CSn¡pI XpS§nb tNjvSIfpw {]ISamhpì. Cu AhØbv¡v t{Im[w F¶p \nÊtµlw ]dbmw. iqÀ¸WJm¦¯nse cm£kokv tXm`hpw tNjvSmhntij§fpsa Ãmw C¯c¯n hymJym\n¡mhp ¶XmWv. XpSÀ¶v càw I®pIfn

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

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]T\w te¡p {]hln¡pt¼mÄ FÃmbn Shpw Ccp«v hym]n¨Xmbn A\p`h s¸Spw. A\´cw akvXnjvI¯n te¡p {]thin¡p¶tXmSpIqSn ]cnXØnXnIÄ ad¶v hnthIan ÃmsX {]hÀ¯n¡mëw XpS§pw. i¦mIepjnXamb a\Ênsâ Cu AhØ kvarXn\mi ImcW amhp¶p. "kvarXn{`wiw' tIhew HmÀa¡pdhp am{XaÃ, adn¨v, Pohn X\njv T IÄXs¶ sam¯¯n XInSw adnbpIbt{X. Cu kvarXn\mi¯nemWv iqÀ ¸WJ F¶ IYm]m{X¯n\v Øe Imet_m[w \jvSs¸«v kzcq]amb cm£kobX kzoIcnt¡­nhcp ¶Xv. kvarXn{`wi¯n³ hnthIw ]qÀWambpw \jvSs¸SpIbpw apgp _v{`m´v F¶ AhØ {]m]n¡pI bpw sN¿pw. `KhZvKoXbn {]mW XymKw BßobacWw AYhm kzXzt_m[\miwXs¶ Fì ]d ªpImWmw. Cu kzXzt_m[\mi¯n iqÀ ¸WJ \ne¯pInS¶pcpfpIbpw {]mIrXaebmf`mjbn kwkmcn ¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. "\nsâ amXm]n Xm¡Ä BscÃmw?' F¶ {iocmae £vaW·mcpsS tNmZy¯n\v Hcn¡ Ât¸mepw D¯cw \ÂImXncp¶ iqÀ¸WJ Cu kvarXn\mimhØ bn FÃmw hyàambn {]mIrXae bmf¯n hniZoIcn¡p¶p. XpS À¶v ØeIme§Ä ad¶v A{Iam kàbmbn¯ocpt¼mÄ AhÄ¡v hncq]Xzhpw ssIhcp¶p. "A]am \nXbpsS sNbvXnIÄ \cIs¯ ¡mfpw `oIcw.' (Hell hath no fury like a women scorned) F¶ hneyw tIm ¬{Kohnsâ {]kvXmhw F{X AÀ YKÀ`w! (William Congreve1617 AD: The Morning Bride) F¶ \mSIw a\Êv, _p²n, Bßmhv Cu B´c hyhlmc Xe§fpsS hymJym\w aWvUqI alÀjnbpsS Imew apX `mcX¯n \S¶n «p­v. Pm{KXvþkz]v\þkpjp]vXyh ØIÄ, {_Òm\\µeo\mhØ bn "Xpcob³' F¶o k¦Â]§ sf{]tXyIw \nÀhN\§Ä \ÂIn alÀjn (amWvUqtIym]\nj¯v) hniZoIcn¨p. B[p\nI a\Èmkv {X¯nsâ D]ÚmXmhmb t{^m bnUv t]mepw aWvUqIalÀjn bpsS A`n{]mb§sf am\n¨p. _n kn 6þ7 \qäm­n hmÂaoIncmam bWw AXnsâ {]mtbmKnIXe §Ä hyàam¡n¯¶p. XpSÀ¶v `KhZvKoX AXnsâ imkv{Xob amb hniIe\w \ÂIn:

46

Infn-¸m«v

Pq¬ 2013

kwKmXv kwPmbtX Imax ImamXv t{Imt[mƒ`nPmbtX t{Im[mXv `hXn kt½mlx kt½mlmXv kvarXn hn{`ax kvarXn {`wimXv _p²n\mtim _p²n\mimXv {]WiyXn. tIimZn]mZhpw Imaicw sIm Åepw \mSI¯nsâ _nw_IÂ]\Ifpw cwKtbmKyXbpw \S\nse \mSy ssh`hhpw H¯ptNÀ¶v iqÀ¸W Jm¦s¯ FÃm¯cw cknIÀçw BËmZIcam¡n. BwKnIw, hmNnIw, kmXznIw, Blmcyw F¶o NXpÀhn[m`n\b §fpw iqÀ¸WJm¦¯n kap Pzew kt½fn¡p¶p. \mbnIm\m bI·mêsS ]ckv]cm\pcmKw hy RvPn¸n¡p¶ tIimZn]mZamS Nq UmaWnbnse khntij B«§fn sem¶mWv. {Xn]pS, {[ph XpS§nb NSpeXmf {Ia§fneqsSbpw kq £va`mhm`n\b§fneqsSbpw lrZy ckZmbnbmWv Cu B«hntijw. \mbnIm\mbI·mcn P\n¡p¶ ]ckv]cm\pcmK¯nÂ\n¶v CXp `hnçì. IYm]m{X¯nsâ incÊpapX DffwImÂhscbpff AwK{]XywK §fpw Ae¦mc§fpw hnkvXcn¨m Sp¶ coXnbnemWv CXnsâ AhX cWw. tIimZn]mZap{Z ImWn¨Xn\p tijw ssIIÄ D¯cob¯n \m`n¡p kao]w ]nSn¨v icocw Npgän {[phXmf¯n Hcp Xmfh«w Nhn«nbXn\ptijw XeapSn apX DffwIm hscbpff `mK§Ä ck `mh§tfmSpw t\{Xm`n\bt¯mSpw IqSn {]tXyI NS§pIfneqsSbpw D]tÇmI§fneqsSbpw CXv B Sp¶p. Cu B«w apgph\pw {[phXm f¯n Bbncn¡pw. ]n¶oSv "Ima icw amd¯v Xdbv¡p¶Xmbpw ico cw Np«ps]mffp¶Xmbpw `mhn¡p ¶p. CXv c­paq¶p {]mhiyw Im Wnç¶Xn\nSbn icoc¯n ] Xn¡p¶ N{µcivan aqeap­mIp¶ NqSpsIm­v ]mchiys¸Sp¶Xmbn \Snçì. CXn\v Imaicw sIm ff F¶mWv ]dbpI. Cu B«w apdpInb {Xn]pS Xmf¯nemWv. XpS À¶v tamlmekys¸Sp¶Xmbn \Sn ¨Xn\ptijw DWÀ¶v ]n¶oSpff IYm`mK§Ä BSp¶p. ChnsS AwK{]XywK§fpsS hntijm`n\bw \S¡pt¼mÄ _p ²nam\pw {i²mephpw Bb A`nt\ Xmhn\v HuNnXyw ssIhnSmsXbpw ckhntÑZw hcmsXbpw aäp kam\

IYm`mK§fpw A`n\bn¡m³ km [n¡pw. C{]Imcw {][m\t{kmX ÊnÂ\n¶v ssIhgnIfnte¡p {] thin¡pIbpw ckhntÑZw hcm¯ hn[w XncnsI {]thin¡pIbpw thWw. ss\]pWyw H¶p sIm­p am{Xta CXv kapNnXw {]Imin¡q. tIimZn]mZw sNdpXpw hepXpw tIimZn]mZamS sNdpXv, hepXv F¶n§s\ c­pXcap­v: sNdp Xn AwK{]XywK§fpsS eLp hÀW\Ifpw {Xn]pS XpS§nb NSp eXmf§fpamWv; hepXnemIs« AwK{]XywK§fpsSbpw Ae¦mc §fpsSbpw hnkvXcn¨ B«w {[ph Xmf¯nemWv. iqÀ¸WJm¦¯n efnXbpsS \nÀhlW`mK¯n efnX (kpµco thj¯nse¯p¶ iqÀ¸WJ) {iocmae£v a W·m cpsS tIimZn]mZw BSp¶p. iqÀ¸ WJm¦¯nseXs¶ B«`mK¯n  {iocma³ koXbpsS tIimZn]mZ amSp¶p. CsXÃmw sNdnb tIimZn ]mZw BWv. F¶m NqUmaWn bnse A©ma¦amb AtimIh\n Im¦¯n cmhW³ \S¯p¶ koXmtIimZn]mZhÀW\w henb tIimZn]mZamS cq]¯nemWv. AXnëam{Xw Cê]tXmfw D]tÇm I§Ä th­nhêì. B A¦¯n sâ AhXcW¯n CXv hnkvXcn ¨v {]Xn]mZn¡pw. tIimZn]mZ¯nse ckw: irwKm cw, `àn \mbnIm\mbI \njvTamb A\pcm Kt¯mSp_Ôs¸« tIimZn]mZ amSenÂ\nìfhmæ¶Xv ckcmP \mb irwKmcckamWv. F¶m FÃm tIimZn]mZamSepw irwKmc t¯mSp _Ôs¸«XÃ. BÝcyNq UmaWnbnseXs¶ AwKpeobm¦ ¯n l\pam³ koXbpsS tIimZn ]mZamSpt¼mÄ P\n¡p¶Xv `àn F¶ ckamWv. km[mcW tIimZn ]mZamS Ignªpff Imaicta ¡epw tamlmekyhpw H¶pwXs¶ ChnsSbnÃ. adn¨v, `ànbpsS ]mc ay¯n l\pam³ BÀ{Z\b\§ tfmsS kmjvSmwKw \akvIcn¡p ¶p. `cXap\nbpsS A`n]mb¯n `ànbpw hmÂkeyhpsaÃmw cXn F¶ Ømbnbn \n¶p P\n¡p ¶p. A§s\ Htc A½bpsS a¡ sf¶t]mse Cu c­p ck§sf bpw IW¡mt¡­nhcp¶p. c­p ck§fpsSbpw ]ca`mh§fmWv Cu B«hntij§fneqsS klrZ b\v ]IÀ¶p \ÂIp¶Xv. XpScpw...


hymJym\w s{]m^: h«¸d¼n tKm]n\mY]nÅ

Fgp¯Ñsâ 35 kqàn-c-Xv\-§Ä

A

XyÀYw {]ikvX§fm bh tkhn¨oSpw \nXyhpw \nµnX§fmbh hÀPn ¨oSpw A{i²[m\\à \mkvXnIXzhpanà hnZzm\mIp¶Xh³ ]WvUnXt{i jT v \tÃm (alm`mcXw Infn¸m«v DtZymK]Àhw) (AXyÀYw = hfscb[nIw, {]i kvX§Ä = kvXpXn¡¯¡h, tk hn¨oSpw = B{ibn¡p¶, kzoIcn ¡p¶, \nµnX§Ä = \nµn¡s¸«h, hÀPn¨oSpw = Dt]£n¡pw, A{i² [m\³ = {i²bnÃm¯h³, \mkvXn IXzw = \mkvXnIsâ `mhw, Cuiz c³, ]ctemIw, thZ{]amW§Ä apXembhsb \ntj[n¡p¶ kz`m hw. ]WvUnX t{ijvT³ = Adnhp

ffhcn t{ijvT³. Gähpw kvXpXyÀl§fmb IÀ a§Ä sN¿p¶h\pw \nµyIÀa §Ä kZm Dt]£n¡p¶h\pw {i ²mephpw \mkvXnI\Ãm¯h\p amb hnZzm\mWv D¯a\mb ]Wv UnX³. BcmWv ]WvUnXt{ijvTs\¶v hnZpcÀ [rXcmjv{SÀ¡p hnhcn¨p sImSp¡p¶XmWv apIfn D²cn¨ hcnIÄ. ]WvUnX³ kaZÀinbmbn cn¡Ww F¶v `KhZvKoXbn Nq ­n¡m«nbn«p­v. tbmKm\pjvTm\§fneqsS B ßÚm\hpw BßÚm\¯neq sS tam£hpw kn²n¡p¶ BkvXn Iy_p²nbmWv KoXmImc³ "{i²m' ]Zw sIm­pt±in¡p¶Xv. Nn´n

¡p¶ hnjb¯n a\Êpd¸n¡Â, a\Ênsâ GIm{KX Nn´n¡p¶, [ym\n¡p¶ hnjb¯nepff ZrV hnizmkw (""{i²m kw{]Xyb kv]r l'') F¶n§s\{i²bv¡v ]e AÀ Yhpap­v . ""{i²mhm³ e`tX Úm\w'' F¶ KoXmhN\hpw {i ²bpsS {]m[m\yw \s½ A\pkva cn¸n¡p¶p. CuizchnizmkanÃmbva F¶ AÀY¯nemWv "\mkvXnIXz'¯n\v IqSpX {]Nmcw. ""\mkvXntIm thZ\nµI'' (thZ\nµI\pw thZ{] amW§fn hnizkn¡m¯h\p amWv \mkvXnI³) F¶mWv a\p kvarXn \mkvXnI\p \ÂIp¶ \nÀ hN\w. A{i²[m\\v, "A{i²[m\³' F¶v ]mTt`Zw. ioen¨oSpw {]ikvX§Ä \nµnX§fnteÀs¸Sm A\mkvXnI³, {i²bptffmþ \nXp ]WvUnXe£Ww. (hnhÀ¯\w þ sImSp§ÃqÀ Ipªn¡p«³ X¼pcm³)

G{]nen P\n¨hÀ

A

kmam\yamb CÑmi ànbpw \nÝbZmÀVy hpw BWv Cu amkP\§fpsS Hcp {]tXyIX. PohnXta t]mcm«w B bn«pffhcmbncn¡pw. GXv cwK¯pw \à kwLmSIcmbn ChÀ tim`n ¡pw. s]mXpcwK¯pw sXmgn cwK ¯pw kzmX{´yImw£nIfpw kz ´w {]hÀ¯\ssienbpamWv Ch sc apt¶m«p \bn¡p¶Xv. `uXnI PohnX¯nepw km¼¯nID¶Xn bnepw Hcphn[w \nehmcw ]peÀ¯n \o§pw. ]pXnb ]pXnb Bib[mcIfpw AX\pkcn¨pff ]²Xn \nÀhl WcoXnbpapff ChÀ Cu taJe bn tim`n¡pw. kmam\y¯n \n ¶pw thdn« Hcp hyXykvX kao]\ ambncn¡pw ChcnÂ. ChcpsS P\\

kwJybpsS hn]coXIm´nI_ew Nnet¸mÄ Chsc càkm£nIfpw B¡nsb¶phcmw. Bß\nb{´WanÃm¯ G{]n Âamk P\nXm¡sf kaql¯nsâ IcSmb hn¹h Xo{hhmZ kwLS\ IÄ hiwhZ\m¡pw. FXnÀenwKhp ambpff CSs]SepIfnepw _Ô§ fnepw Xm\dnbmsX sXäpIpä§Ä hcp¯p¶hcmbncn¡pw. ChÀ¡v tPmen sN¿pI apt¶ dpI; XSʧsf AXnPohn¡pI AYhm XSʧfpw {]iv\§fpw DffnS¯v Xeh¨v AXns\ AXnPo hn¨p F¶ JymXn t\Sm\pw, B JymXnbn XesbSpt¸msS \S¡m \pw tamlapffhcmbncn¡pw. iàhpw hyXykvXhpamb Ch cpsS \mbIat\m`mhw ]ecpsSbpw

Dd¡w sISp¯nsb¶pancn¡pw. GXv {]XnIqekmlNcy¯nepw C hcpsS ip`m]vXn hnizmkw H¶p th sd Xs¶ Bbncn¡pw. Bthiw h¶m \oXnbpw \nb ahpw BNmcacymZbpw hyhØnXn bpwt]mepw ChÀ am\n¡pIbnÃ. ""Rms\mgnªpt­m cma\n{Xn `ph\§fnsems­mcpa«v'' þ AXn sâ X«pwXShpw A\p`hn¡pt¼m gpw ]Ým¯m]hpw ehteiw tXm ¶m¯ {]IrXw. ChÀ kz´w ioe§tfm ZpÈoe §tfm hIhbv¡mdnÃ. CXmbncn ¡pw ChcpsS BtcmKyXIÀ¨bv ¡pw `mhnbn Ifsamcp¡pI IqSm sX DZckw_Ôamb {]iv\§fpw Chsc Ae«pw.

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

47


t\mh D®n- Nm-gn-bm-«ncn

39 (Xp-Sˬ)

48

Infn-¸m«v

Df-f-d-IÄ

Pq¬ 2013

tKm

hnµama³ Ahi\n ebn Bbt¸mÄ H¶panÃm¯ B a\pjys\ cà _Ô¯nÂs]«hÀ apgph³ ssI sbmgnªp. ""XnIt«mw aqt{Xmw tImcm³ C_vsS Bcpwey FhSvbv¡m¨m s]mbvt¡mtfzm.'' tNmc_Ô¡mÀ \njvIcpWw D t]£n¨t¸mÄ \ncm{ib\mb tKm hnµ³Ip«n\mbÀ Xdhm«nte¡p sN¶p. ANypX³ \mbtcmSv k¦Sw t_m[n¸n¨p. Xdhm«nse hcm´ bpsS HccnIn InS¶p Nmhm³ k½Xn¡Wsa¶v tIWt]£n¨p. AXn£oWnX\mbn Iodnb InS¡ ¸mb Npcp«n I£¯ph¨p Ibdn h¶v A`yÀYn¨ \ncmew_\mb hbÊs\ ANypX³\mbÀ Cd¡n hn«nÃ. \oN{]hr¯nIÄ am{Xw sN bvXpioen¨ ANypX³\mbcpsS Po hnX¯nse HtcHcp kÂ{]hr¯n Bbncp¶p AXv. B Hcp kÂ{]hr¯n¡ptijw ip¸maWn¡v ANypX³\mbtcmSp ­mbncp¶ sshcmKy¯n\p I\w Ipdªp. ZbbpsS Ipªp In\nsh ¦nepw B ItTmclrZb¯n Dd shSp¯tÃm! c­mgvNbmbn tKmhnµ³Ip«n \mbÀ¡v Zo\w IqSpXemWv. InS ¡¸mbbn \n¶v Fgpt¶Â¡m³ h¿. I®p Xpd¡m³ h¿. A{X bv¡hiX. icocamsI Ipgªp. Hcphiw sNcnªv CfImsX Hmtc InS¸pInS¶v tZlw s]m«n {hW ambn. th­Xpt]mse ip{iqjn ¡m³ BfnÃm¯Xnsâ Ipdhv tKm hnµ³Ip«n\mbcpsS PohnXs¯ \ cI¯ntebv¡Sp¸n¨psIm­ncp¶p. Ahi\mb tKmhnµ³Ip«n \mbcp sS arXypw aplqÀ¯w KWn¨psIm ­pÅ kwkmc§fn apgpInk abw ]mgm¡m³ XpS§n ]ecpw. IYIfn¡mc\mbncp¶ tKmhn µ³Ip«n\mbtcmSv ip¸maWn¡v D Åmse hfsc kvt\lhpw _lpam \hpamWv. IYIfn \Ss\¶ \nebn Ât]cpw s]cpabpw k¼¯pw t\ Sm³ Ignªnsænepw DÂIrjvS amb B IebpsS Awiw ssIhi s¸Sp¯n cwK¯v AhXcn¸n¡m \pÅ `mKyw ssIh¶ a\pjy³ Hcp IemImc\mWv. B cà¯n t{i jvTamb IebpsS Awiw IeÀ


t\mh ¶n«p­v. Xdhm«nse \nÀ`mKyP·amb B IemImcs\acW¯n\pap³]v ImWm³ th­n ip¸maWn t]mbn. tKmhnµ³Ip«n\mbÀ ANypX³ \mbcpsS Xdhm«ntebv¡p Xmakw amänbXn\ptijw ip¸maWn Abm sf I­n«nÃ. i{Xphnt\mSpÅ hntcm[w sIm­v \mep]pcbnte bv¡v t]mbnÃ. Ahi\mb tKmhn µ³Ip«n\mbÀ XmakØew hn«v ]pdt¯bv¡pt]mImdpanÃ. ANypX³\mbÀ \mep]pcbn CÃm¯ kabw t\m¡nbmWv ip¸m aWn AhntS¡p t]mbXv. ]Sn¸pc IS¡pt¼mÄ Imep ]Xdn. a\Êp ]Xdn. Xsâ {]XntbmKnbpsS ho SmWv. IS¶psN¶m AhnsSbp ÅhÀ IS¶pt]mIm³ ]dªm tem? F¦nepw Bk¶arXyphmbn tcmKibybn InS¡p¶ Xdhm«n se IemImcs\ Ahkm\ambn Hcp t\m¡pImWm³ a\ÊnÃma\ tÊmsS ip¸maWn apt¶m«p \S¶p. \mep]pcbpsS hcm´bpsS Hcp AcnIn ]«nsbt¸mse B hnh i³ Npcp­pInS¡pIbmWv. Ac bn ]gIn{Zhn¨ Hcp Iod¯pWn am{Xw. sa¿mkIew apdnhpIÄ. apdnhpIfn \ndsb Cu¨bpw Fdp ¼pw. ASpt¯bv¡p sN¶t¸mÄ ]gabpsS sISpaWw s]m§n. Hcp \nanjw AhnsS sNehgn¡m³ ]äm¯ a«n Fs´ms¡tbm Nne ssXe§fpsSbpw Ijmb§fp sSbpw a\w ]nc«p¶ \mähpw aq¡n te¡Sn¨p Ibdn. \mep]pcbpsS hcm´t¡mWnte¡v \cIw Cd§n h¶Xpt]mse. AØnIqSambn amdnb B a\p jysâ ssZ\ycq]w I­t¸mÄ ip ¸maWnbpsS a\Ên thZ\]nS ªpWÀ¶p. F{Xam{Xw s\m¼c s¸Sp¯p¶ Hcp a\pjycq]ambncn ¡p¶p tKmhnµama. s\©n Djv Ww \ndªp. s\SphoÀ¸n«p. lrZb t`ZIamb B Zb\obcq]w t\m¡n \n¡m\pÅ lrZb_ew CÃm Xmb ip¸maWn IZ\`mct¯msS Xncnªp \S¶p. \m«pImcpsS IW¡psXän¨p sIm­v HmÀ¡m¸pd¯v B acWw \S¶p. ]pembnhf¸nse am[h³\mb cpsS aI³ kpIpamcsâ hnhml ¯n\v Ipª³\mbÀ t]mbn Kpcp hmbqcn h¨mbncp¶p hnhmlhpw kZybpw. kZybv¡v ]mÂs¸mSn¸m en ]mNIw sNbvX {]Ya³ Ign ¨p. hnhmlw Ignªp ho«nse¯n. A¶p sshIpt¶cw Ipª³

\mbÀ¡v hbdnf¡w Bcw`n¨p. Ir{Xna¸men X¿mdm¡nb {]Y a³ Ign¨XpsIm­p­mb APoÀ Ww ImcWamWv hbän¶p t]m¡p ]nSn¨sX¶v Ipª³\mbcpw IpSw _mwK§fpw A\pam\n¨p. {ItaW hbdnf¡w aqÀÑn¨p. A\nb{´nX ambn. Ipª³\mbÀ Ahi\mbn. hbdnf¡w ian¸n¡m³ \m«pNnIn Âk \S¯n t`Zap­mbnÃ. Bip] {Xnbnte¡p sIm­pt]mIm³ {ian ¨t¸mÄ Ipª³\mbÀ hne¡n. "" F § « p w s I m ­ p t ] m ­ . Im¨nb tamcp IpSn¨mamdpw.'' Np¡pw Idnth¸nebpw aªÄ s]mSnbpw FÃmw tNÀ¯v tamcp Im¨ns¡mSp¯p. hbdnf¡w Ipd ªnÃ. \nanj§fneqsS hbdnf¡w hÀ[n¨psIm­ncp¶p. Hscmä cm{Xn sIm­v Ipª³ \mbÀ ]chi \mbn. InS¡bn \n¶v Fgpt¶Â ¡m³ h¿m¯{X AhiX. InS¶nS ¯p InS¶v aehpw aq{Xhpw t]m Im³ XpS§n. Ipª³\mbcpsS Zo\w KpcpXcmhØbnte¡p \o §ns¡m­ncp¶p. ]ntä¶mÄ sshIpt¶c¯v Ip ª³\mbcpsS tPyjvTsâ aI³ IrjvW\p®nbpw Ipª³\mbcpw Hcp]mSp kabw kwkmcn¨p. kw kmcn¨p kwkmcn¨v Ipª³\mbÀ Xfcm³ XpS§nbt¸mÄ IrjvW \p®n bm{X ]dªp ]ncnªp. \msf cmhnse t`Zambnsæn F´mbmepw Bkv]{Xnbnte¡v Ipª³\mbsc sIm­pt]mIW sa¶v ho«pImÀ Xocpam\n¨pd¸n¨p. Nn¶½phpw A½p¡p«nb½bpw Ipª³\mbsc ]cnNcn¨psIm ­pw {]mÀYn¨psIm­pw AcnI¯n cp¶p. Ipª³\mbÀ \o­p \nhÀ¶v I®S¨p InS¡pIbmWv. Bi¦ tbmsS A½p¡p«nb½ Ipª³ \mbsc hnfn¨pWÀ¯m³ {ian¨p sIm­ncp¶p. tXhsc hnfn¨p sIm ­pÅ s\©pNp« {]mÀY\thsd. AÀ[cm{Xn hsc aWnb\pw ip¸maWnbpw Nn¶½phn\pw A½p ¡p«nb½bv¡pw XpWbmbn Dd¡ samgn¨v Ccp¶p. hÃmsX Dd¡w h¶t¸mÄ aWnb\pw ip¸maWn bpw apdnbn \n¶v ]pd¯p IS¶v CS\mgnbnse I«nen ta InS ¶p. AhÀ ab¡¯nsâ ssIbn te¡p NmªtXbpÅq. s]mSp ¶s\A½p¡p«nb½bpsS D¨¯n epÅ \nehnfnsbm¨ ImXn h¶e¨p. ""aWym, tamt\HmSnhmtbm, Zm Aѳ ]qÆmbo¶v tXm¶p¶p.''

\mep]pcbpsS hcm´bpsS Hcp AcnIn ]«nsbt¸mse B hnhi³ Npcp­pInS¡pIbmWv. Ac bn ]gIn{Zhn¨ Hcp Iod¯pWn am{Xw. sa¿mkIew apdnhpIÄ. apdnhpIfn \ndsb Cu¨bpw Fdp¼pw. ASpt¯bv¡p sN¶t¸mÄ ]gabpsS sISpaWw s]m§n. Ic¨nensâ H¨ ImXn Xpf¨p Ibdn ieys¸Sp¯nbt¸mÄ aWnb \pw ip¸maWnbpw ab¡¯n \n¶v s]mSp¶s\DWÀ¶p. ]nS sªgpt¶äv Ipª³\mbÀ InS ¡p¶p Adbnte¡v ]mªpsN¶p. A½pIp«nb½ BÀ¯pIcªp _lfw hbv¡p¶p­v. CSbv¡nS bv¡v Ipª³\mbcpsS icoc¯n te¡v \nb{´Ww hn«v Ae¨phogp ¶p­v. kzt_m[w \jvSs¸« Hcm sft¸msebmWv A½p¡p«nb½ Im«n¡q«p¶Xv. ip¸maWn kq£vaambn {i²n ¨p. ap¯Ñ³ ssIbpw Imepw \o«n \o­p\nhÀ¶p InS¡pIbmWv. I ®Sªncn¡p¶p. IÀWRc¼pIÄ XSn¨phoÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. ap¯È³ hmbneqsSbmWv izmkw hen¨phn Sp¶Xv. hmbp hnSp¶ i_vZw ]pd t¯¡p \Ãh®w tIÄ¡mw. Icp hmsâ Bebnse De DuXp¶Xp t]mse. ap¯È³ hfscb[nIw {]bmks¸«psIm­mWv izmkw hnSp¶sX¶v ip¸maWn¡p tXm¶n. Ft´m hÃm¯ HckzmØyw A\p `hn¡p¶p­v ap¯È³. t\m¡n \n¡p¶hÀ¡v AXp hyàambn a\ÊnemIpw. izmkKXn {ItaW t\À¯p t\À¯phcp¶Xpw CSbv ¡nSbv¡p ap¯È³ I®pcp«n angn ¡p¶Xpw Ah³ \Ãh®w {i²n ¨p. acWsh{]mfw Im«pImbmhmw ap¯È³. C§s\Hcp ImgvN CXn \pap³]v Ah³ I­nt« CÃ. Ic¨ntemsS A½p¡p«nb½ {]hN\w \S¯n. ""a¡tf, Aѳ \½sf hn«p ]qÆmbn. Ahkm\bm{X ]dbm\m I®pangn¨Xv. At¿m!''

Pq¬ 2013 Infn-¸m«v

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t\mh A½p¡p«nb½ k¦Sw kln ¡m³ h¿msX B¡äp Icbm³ XpS§n. Nn¶½phpw aWnb\pw Ipª³\mbcpsS Imep]nSn¨v s]m«ns¸m«n¡cªp. B hntbmK cwKw AhnsS k¦S§fpsS Iq« ¡c¨n DXnÀ¯p. \nehnfn tI«v Ab¡mÀ HmSnsb¯n. Iq«¯n IrjvW\p ®nbpw D­mbncp¶p. IrjvW\p ®nsb I­bpSs\ A½p¡p«nb½ bpsS ZpxJw AWs]m«n. \nb{´ Ww Xmdpamdmbn. ""tamt\, IrjvW\ptWy \o¿pw Hmt¸mfS¨\pw C¯ncn ap³s] kw kmcn¨p ]ncnªXtÃ, Hmt¸mÄS ¨³ bm{X ]dªpt]mhms\mcp§o tem tamt\Ft¶w Ipt«ymtfmw Hä bv ¡ m¡nt]mhm³ Hcp§otem tamt\?'' cwKØscÃmw ZpxJmIpecmbn. BÀ¡pw ]ckv]cw ]dbm³ hm¡p IfnÃ. k¦Sw L\o`hn¨ A´co £w. h¶hÀ h¶hÀ ZpxJ¯nsâ aqIXbn ap§pIbmWv. IrjvW\p®n Ipª³\mbsc ASnapSn \nco£n¨v KZvKZkzc ¯n ]dªp. ""AhImtiymÄs¡ms¡ sh Åw sXm«p sImSp¡mw.'' A½p¡p«nb½bpw aWnb\pw Nn¶½phpw G§n¡cªpsIm­v shÅw sXm«p sImSp¯p. ip¸ma Wnsbs¡m­pw A\pP¯n hnPb e£vansbs¡m­pw Btcm HcmÄ \ocv sXm«p sImSp¸n¨p. s\©n t\À¯pt\À¯p X§n \n¶ncp¶ Ipª³\mbcpsS Ahkm\izmkhpw \n¶p. B hmbv X¶¯m³ ASªp. Btcm I®pIÄ AS¸n¨p. Ahkm\kv] µ\hpw Hgnª Ipª³\mbcpsS DS \nivNeambn.

s\©n t\À¯pt\À¯p X§n \n¶ncp¶ Ipª³\mbcpsS Ahkm\izmkhpw \n¶p. B hmbv X¶¯m³ ASªp. Btcm I®pIÄ AS¸n¨p. Ahkm\kv] µ\hpw Hgnª Ipª³\mbcpsS DS \nivNeambn. 50

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Krlm´co£¯n \nehnfn sbm¨ AebSn¨p. ZpxJt¯msS ]eXpw ]dªpsIm­v A½pIp«n b½ ]cnkct_m[w ad¶v arXtZ ls¯ ]pWÀ¶p. hmÂkeyt¯m sS ]Xps¡ XgpIn. AeapdIfpsS Xncbn B acWhoSp ap§n. FÃmhcpw Icbpt¼mÄ ip¸m aWn Kuchtadnb Nn´bn \naá\mbn. Bcpw ImWmsX ]Xp§nh¶v Häbv¡v, Pohn¨psImXn Xocm¯ ]mhw a\pjyPohs\ acWw Fhn tSbv¡mWmthm `qanbn \n¶v ]nSn ¨p sIm­pt]mIp¶Xv? kvt\lnX\pw _Ôphpamb Ip ª³\mbÀ t]mbXn\p ]n¶mse tKmhnµ³Ip«n\mbcpw ]ctemI t¯¡p bm{Xbmbn. {Kma¯nse bp ]n kvIqfn \n ¶v Snkn hm§n¨v A½mh³ aWn b³ ip¸maWnsb Zqsc tN{¼Ip ¶nsâ Xmgvhcbnse Nm¯¶qÀ sslkvIqfn tNÀ¯p. FSh¨qSn hc­phn§n CuÀ ¸¯n\pth­n Zmln¡p¶ aebmf `qanbn kpKÔw {]kcn¸n¨psIm ­v apÃhÅnIfpw ]q¡fpw Ime hÀjs¯ hcth¡m\mbn Hcp §n\n¶p. ]Snªmdv BImi¯nsâ A\ ´Xbn ImÀtaLhÀWs\ A\p kvacn¸n¡p¶ a«n Icn\oehÀW ¯nepÅ taL¸c¸pIÄ Aeªp. As¡mÃw CSh¸mXnbnse aga tlmÂkhw Imte¡q«n Bcw`n¨p. aebmfa®ns\apgph³ IpfnÀ¸n¨p sIm­v CSh¸mXns]mSns]mSn¨p. ImehÀj¯pÅnItfäv ]pXpa®n sâ D³amZKÔw ]c¶p. CShgn IÄ tXmSpIfmbn. apäw sNdp]pg bmbn. ]q¡Ä \ndª apÃhÅn Isf ag¯pÅnIÄ \r¯w h¨p e¨p. apøqhpIÄ agshůn eqsS HgpIn\S¶p; bphkpµcnIfp sS IpSpa tXSnt]mIp¶Xp t]mse! ]pÂ\m¼pIÄ Icnªp \n¶n cp¶ ]mS¯pw ]d¼nepw ]¨¸pÃp IÄ hfÀ¶p. Pemib§Ä Ddh IÄ s]m«n\ndªp. NqSv XmWp. {]IrXn lcnXkpµcnbmbn. kvIqÄ Xpd¶p. hoSnsâ ap¡nepw aqebnepw A{i²tbmsS hn{ian¨ncp¶ ]pkv XIk©nIÄ `mcw Xm§n sNdp _mey§fpsS Cfw tXmfpIfn Xq§n. hnt\mZ§fpsSbpw hncp¶p IfpsSbpw \ndw ]q­ temI¯p \n¶v aWnapg¡§fpsSbpw imk

\IfpsSbpw in£W§fpsSbpw Nn«IfpsSbpw A£c§fpsSbpw C¯ncn DÃmk§fpsSbpw temI t¯¡v Ie]neIq«n \\ªp IpXn À¶v hnZymÀYnIfpsS bm{X ho­pw Bcw`n¨p. Zqsc sslkvIqfnte¡pÅ Zpjv Icamb bm{X ip¸maWnbn ssh ckyw \ndbv¡m³ XpS§n. {]XnIq ekmlNcy§Ä Ahsâ D³taj s¯ sIm¯nhngp§m³ sIm¡p]n fÀ¯n ]mªphcnIbmWv. agb¯v \\bmsX kvIqfnte ¡p t]mIm³ IpSbnÃ. ]Tn¡m³ aXnbmb t\m«p]pkvXI§fpw sS IvÌp]pkvXI§fpw CÃ. Ct«mW ¯nepÅ Hcp hnZymÀYn\nbpsS ]gb]mT]pkv X IamWv Ah\p ho«pImÀ taSn¨psImSp¯Xv. Ah sâ IjvSImew sIm­v B hÀj ¯n aq¶p]mT]pkvXI§Ä¡p amähpw D­mbn. {]mcm_v[¡q«§fpsShnjak ÔnIfhsâ hnZymebPohnX¯n te¡v Acn¨cn¨p h¶p. Ahsbm ¶pw ]pXnb A\p`h§Ä Asæn epw _p²nap«pIÄ kln¡m³ aSp ¸ptXm¶n. saä hncn¨ ]cp¡³ ]mXbn eqsS ImÂ\Sbmbn bm{XsN¿m³ XpS§nbt¸mÄ \áamb ImepIÄ t\mhm³ XpS§n. Ime¯v c­pIn temaoäÀ Zqcw At§m«pw \mepa Wn¡v c­p IntemaoäÀ Zqcw C t§m«pw thZ\Xn¶p \S¶pt]m Ip¶ IjvS¸mSns\¸än HmÀ¡p ¶tX Ah\v CjvSt¡Smbn. D¨bv¡p ]«nWn. tNmäp]m{Xw CÃm¯XpsIm­v tNmdpsIm­p t]mIm³ km[n¡mdnÃ. ap¯Ènb ½bpsS \nÀtZi{]Imcw c­pZn hkw Cehm«ns¸mXnªv tNmdp sIm­pt]mbt¸mÄ kl]mTnIÄ klX]nt¡­Xn\p ]Icw ]cnl kn¨p. AtXmsS s]mXnt¨mdp sIm ­pt]mIp¶ ]cn]mSn Dt]£n¨p. am\w Im¡m³ th­n hni¸p kln¡m³ Xs¶ X¿mdmbn. IpSep Imcp¶ GXp henb hni¸pw kln¡mw... ]t£, ]cnlmkhpw... AhKW\bpw... AXp kln¡m \pÅ tijn Atijw CÃ. D¨bv¡v hni¸p sISp¯m³ amÀKanÃmsX hbÀ Fcnbpt¼mÄ Hcp hnjb¯nepw D¨bv¡ptijw {i²n¡m³ km[n¡mdnÃ. hbdp Imenbmbm ]ns¶ `£Ws¯ ¡pdn¨p Nn´n¡m³ am{Xta Ignbq. hni¸n\p ]n¶mse asämcp a\Èeyw ip¸maWnsb ]nSnIqSn he¨p. XpScpw...


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EZHUTHACHAN COLLEGE OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES Affiliated to the University of Kerala & Kerala University of Health Sciences Approved by the All India Council for Technical Education and Pharmacy Council of India.

Marayamuttam, Neyyattinkara, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. City Office: Thunchan Smaraka Samiti building, Airanimuttam, Manacaud P. O., Thiruvananthapuram-09. Kerala. Tel: 0471 2457473, 2278560, Email: ecpsmtm@gmail.com

BANK LOAN FACILITY

Kilippattu june 2013  

Kilippattu June 2013 issue

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