Page 1

ISSN 2319 - 4677 Kilippattu Vol. XI

Issue 7

P\phcn 2017 (1192 [\pþaIcw)

aebmf¯nse k¼qÀW amknI

P\-{]n-bX

F¶ ab-¡p¶ Idp¸v :


Hmd lnÌdn dnkÀ¨v ^ut­jsâ B`napJy¯n XncqÀ Xp©³ ]d¼n \S¶ Xp©³ kam[nZn\kt½f\w

XncqÀ Znt\insâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ Hmd lnÌdn dnkÀ¨v ^ut­jsâ B`napJy¯n XncqÀ Xp©³ ]d¼n \S¶ Xp©³ kam[nZn\kt½f\w tUm Fw Pn Fkv \mcmbW³ DÂLmS\w sN¿p¶p.

hSIcbn \S¶ "D®nbmÀ¨' ]pkvXI¯nsâ {]Imi\w

Ncn{XKthjI³ þ Ip«nIrjvW³ \mcmbW\Kc¯nsâ t\XrXz¯n hSIcbn \S¶ "D®nbmÀ¨' ]pkvXI¯nsâ {]Imi\NS§v. kn sI \mWp Fw F F, tUm iinIpamÀ ]pdtacn, tUm Achnµm£³, kPoh³ hSIc, ]©mb¯v {]knUâv Abq_v, tUm sI kn hnPbcmLh³, ]¸³ \co¸ä, kPoh³ \mK¯v, Fw Sn tKm]n\mYv, Fw F {]im´v, cPojv Nos¡m¶v, cmaIrjvW³ Icn¼\]mew, `mkvIc³ am\t´cn, {KÙIÀ¯mhv Sn Pn lcnIpamÀ F¶nhÀ NS§n ]s¦Sp¯p.


DÅS¡w

amknI P\phcn 2017

1192 [\pþaIcw

]pkvXIw 11 / e¡w 7

"aXw' a\p-j-ys\ab-¡p¶ "Idp-¸m'Wv F¦n "P\-{]n-b-X'bpw AXv Xs¶-bm-Wv. [\-Im-c-y-ap-X-em-fn¯hpw `c-W-Iq-Shpw Hcp-t]mse {]tbm-Kn-¡p¶ atX-Xc hnh-£-bmWv "P\-{]n-bX'. P\-Xsb ab-¡m-\p-ff I-dp-¸v. "P\-{]nbw' F¶Xv P\-X-bpsS {]nb-aà P\-Xsb ]Wbw h-bv¡m-\p-ff {]nb-amWv F¶v Xncn-¨-dn-hv D­mtb Xocq.

19-

35-

Btábmkv{Xw ho­pw \pIw sN½-\w-Nmt¡m

IY

A©Â Ipän ]Ån¡p¶³

06-

ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX Ct¡m hnÀPn\nänbpw kpØnc cXnbpw

37-

-ssew-Kn-I-X-sb-¡p-dn¨v Hcp hn{`aw Un hn A\nÂIp-amÀ

25

-P\-{]n-b-X-bpsS cmjv{Sobw kqcy kptc-{µ³

28

-t{]X-w h-¶p hnfn¡pt¼mÄ km_p tPmkv

33

apJ Nn{Xw 

_u²-kw-kvImcw Hcp ]T\w

\mw \S-¶ hgn-IÄ

44

{]nb

49-

Infnsamgn

"Xf-f'bpw "X´'bpw tUm ]n tkXp-\m-Y³

Zpc-`n-am\n

39-

hncÂ

]g-hnf cta-i³

Fw a\p

A\p-]a än AtimIv

teJ\w

]´n-t`m-P-\-¯nsâ ]£-t`-Z-§Ä {]Zo]v cma³

XI-gn-bpsS tkmjy-enÌv cmjv{Sobw tUm \-´y¯v tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW³

46-

imkv{X-IYmIu-XpIw Acn-ÌmÀ¡-Ên \n¶v Hcp ktµiw

tUm kn Pn cma-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

_p²]£w 20

Infnam\qÀ _me³

24-

Pn F³ ]Wn¡À

Aa {]kmZv

`mKyhm³amÀ

taf-¸-Z-§Ä

40-

Pb-e-fnX, P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-k-`-IÄ hnZ-ymÀYn-k-a-c-¯nsâ ]p-Xn-b-ap-Jhpw

IhnX

16-

17-

DÄ¡mgvN

13

12-

amdp¶ `£-W-ioew ad-bp¶ `£-ys-sh-hn-[yw APn¯v sh®n-bqÀ

N§-e-a-c-¯n Xf¨ hb-\m-Snsâ Icn-´-­³ {]nb kZvKab

D®n {]im´v 21-

Ncn-{X-te-J\w

KP-ap-J-hm-l-\-cn]pNcnXw shff\mSv cmaN{µ³

50-

48-

52

tkmdn-bm-knkv... tUm hnt\m_v hÀKokv

]n sI apcfo[c³

FUnäÀ & ]»njÀ: Sn- Pn -l-cn-Ip-amÀ | BÀ«nÌv: tPm¬ ]p\emÂ

tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nÅ

kn²marXw

ImSv km£n

Ah§Xm³ s]ä Ip¯oXv

ZÀi-\w

aWn-c-Xv\-amem kvtXm{Xw

|

{]nânMv: Bcm[\ {]ntâgvkv, Xncph\´]pcw

amÀ¡änMv & FUntämdnb Hm^okv: Infn-¸m«v amknI, Xp©³kvam-cIw, sFcmWnap«w, aW¡mSv ]n.H., Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw- 9. t^m¬: 0471 2456575, 2457473. Website: www.thunchan.org E-mail: kilippattu@gmail.com


Nn{Xhpw Nn{Xhpw Nn´bpw Nn´bpw

tPm¬ ]p\-emÂ

]W-an-Ãm-¯-h³ ]nWw! a\p-j-y-a-\-Êp-Isf Ip¯n-t\m-hn-¡p¶ ]Xn-cn-Ãm¯ ]g-samgn C¶pw ]pXp-sam-gn-bmbn XpS-cp-¶p. Htc Ipe-¯nÂs¸«-hsc ]e X«p-I-fn-em¡n Ie-l-s¡-Sp-Xn-bn-em-gv¯n. Zcn-{Z-\m-cm-b-W-t\bpw iX-tIm-So-i-z-c-t\bpw ]nip-¡-t\bpw [qÀ¯-t\bpw krjvSn-¨Xv Cu iàn-bm-Wv. `qan-s¡mcp a[-y-tcJ \mw k¦Â]n-¨p-d-¸n-¨p... a\p-j-y-P-·-§Ä¡p-th­n Hcp Zmcn-{Z-y-tc-J-bpw. AXv {]bp-à-cm-jv{So-b-¯nsâ BbqÀtc-J-bm-Ip-¶Xv asämcp temImÂ`pXw! ]Ww F¶pw ]c-Im-b-{]-th-in-bm-Wv. X\Xp apJan-Ãm-¯-Xp-Im-cWw shf-f-¸Ww Iff-¸Ww sImf-f-¸Ww F¶o AaqÀ¯ cq]-§Ä kzo-I-cn-t¡-­n-h-cp-¶p... AI-¼-Sn-bmbn A\-´-amb Ahm-´-c -hn-`m-K-§fpw. Iqen-bm-bv-þ-ssI-¡q-en-bm-bv... IS-am-bv-þ-I-S-s¡-Wn-bmbv ... ]en-i-bmbv þ ]ng-¸-en-i-bm-bv... tImg-bmbv þ Ipw`-tIm-W-am-bv... \mWw-sI«pw ]Ww t\So-Sp-In \mW-t¡-Sm-]Ww XoÀ¯p-sIm-ffpw F¶Xv A[Àan-IÄ¡v Bi-zm-k-hm-I-y-am-bv... AÀ-ln-¡m-¯Xpw AI-¯m-¡m-\p-ff BÀ¯n-bm-bv... Bth-i-am-bv...


P\phcn 2017

1192 [\pþaIcw

FUntämdnbÂ

A£cw Aán þ AXp Pz-en-¡p-¶-XmWv

A

£cw Aán-bm-sW¶ hni-zm-k-¡m-cmWv Gsd-bpw. Pz-en-¡p¶ AánbnÂ\n¶pw NqSvhan-¡pw. NneÀ¡v s]mf-fp-IbpwsN¿pw. NneÀ AXp kln-¡pw. aäp-Nn-eÀ A{I-tamÂkp-I-cm-Ipw. BÀ¡pw Btcbpw hnaÀin-¡mw. AXv h-y-àn-]-c-am-Ip-t¼m-gmWv {]iv\-§Ä DS-se-Sp-¡p-¶-Xv. t\m«p-\n-tcm-[\hnj-b-¯n  A`n-{]mbw]dª Fw Sn hm-kp-tZ-h³\m-b-cpsSta sNfn-hm-cn-sb-dn-ªn«p Im c-y-an-Ã. P\-§Ä¡p-­mb _p²n-ap«v Xpd-¶p-Im-«pI am{Xta At±lwsNbvXp-f-fq. AXp ]cn-l-cn-¡m-\p-ff _m[-yX kÀ¡m-cn-\p-­p-Xm-\pw. ae-bm-f-¯nsâ IÀtam Âkp-I-\mb Fgp-¯p-Im-c-\mWv Fw Sn. am{X-hp-aà `mjm-]n-Xm-hnsâ kvamc-I-ku [w ]Sp-¯p-bÀ¯p-¶-Xn \nÀWm-bI ]¦p-h-ln-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ hy-àn-bpw. Xp©¯v Fgp-¯-Ñ-\p-ambn _Ô-s¸« AS-bm-f-§Ä {]Xo-Im-ß-I-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cn¨p-sIm-­p-ff \nÀam-W-{]-hÀ¯-\-§-fmWv Xp©³ ]d-¼n \S-¯n-bn-«p-f-f-Xv. Fgp-¯-Ñsâ IrXn-I-sf-¸-än-bp-ff ]T-\-K-th-j-W-{]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä Ahn-sS-\n¶pw C\nbpw D­m-tI-­n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AXp- \-ap¡v {]Xo-£n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿mw. `c-W-Iq-S-¯nsâ XmÂ]-c-y-¯n-\-\p-Iq-e-ambn Fgp-Xp-Ibpw {]Xn-I-cn-¡p-I bpw sNbvXn-cp¶ \nc-h[n Fgp-¯p-ImÀ \ap-¡p-­m-bn-«p-­v. F¶m Ah-scm¶pw Imes¯ AXn-Po-hn-¡m³ Ign-ª-h-c-Ã. ae-bm-f-km-ln-X-y-¯n Fgp-¯-Ñ\pw Ip©³\-¼-ymcpw Bim\pw hf-f-t¯m-fp-sams¡ C¶pw Pz-en-¨p-\n¡p-¶Xv `cW-IqS GIm-[n-]-X-y-s¯bpw \ne-hn-ep-­m-bn-cp¶ kmaq-ly Ak-a-X-z-§-sfbpw kz´w Xqen-IbneqsS FXnÀ¯p\n¶-Xp-sIm-­m-Wv. {_mÒ-W-ta-[m-hn-Xzw sImSnIp-¯n-hmW 16-þmw \qäm-­n ""{_mÒ-tWmƒlw \tc-t{µmƒlw BtV-ym-l-sa-¶mt{a-UnXw IeÀ¶oSpw Zim-´tc P´p-¡Ä `£n¨p ImjvTn¨p t]mInemw sh´psh-®o-dmbv Na-ªp-t]m-bo-Sn-emw...'' F¶p ]mSnb hn¹-h-I-hn-bm-bn-cp¶p Fgp-¯Ñ³. sN¼-I-tÈcn cmPm-hnsâ B{in-X-\m-bn-cn-¡p-t¼mgpw sIm«m-c-¯nsebpw kaql-¯n-sebpw Agn-a-Xn-s¡-Xnsc \Àa-¯nÂs]m-Xnªv {]Xn-I-cn-¡m³ \¼-ymÀ¡p km[n-¨p. ItÃ-¸n-fÀ¡p¶ cmP-IÂ]-\sb XSp-¡m³t]m¶ hnaÀi\ic-§-fm-bncp¶p \¼-ym-cp-tS-Xv. PmXn-h-y-h-Ø-bpsS D¨\oN-Xz§Äs¡-Xnsc Bimsâ XqenIbpw ià-ambnNen-¨p. tZio-b-t_m-[s¯ DWÀ¯m³ Imh-y-c-N\\S-¯nb hf-ft¯mÄ {_n«ojv `c-Wm-[n-]-Xys¯ Xmtemen¨ Ihn-bm-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. X§Ä Xqen-I-sb-Sp¯ Ime-L-«-§-fnse Ak-a-X-z-§Äs¡-Xnsc t]mcm-Snb Cu Iho-i-z-c-·m-sc-sbm¶pw Imew Ah-K-Wn-¨n-Ã. XqenIsbSp¯Ime¯v \nc h[n FXnÀ]pIÄ t\cn«hcmWv Chscms¡. ]t£ kaqlw Chsc GsäSp¯p. P\kmam\yw X§fpsS BNmcy³amcmbn kzoIcn¨p. ChnsS At\Iw `cWm[nImcnIÄ cmPy`cWw \nÀhln¨n«p­v. C³Uybn \nch[n \m«pcmPy§fmWv D­mbncp¶Xv. A[n\nthi iànIÄ¡v cmPys¯ IogS¡m³ km[n¨Xpw ]ckv]cw XÃpIqSp¶ \m«pcmPy§fpsS {]hÀ¯\w sIm ­pXs¶bmWv. \qäm­pIfpsS Ncn{Xw ]cntim[n¨m alm\mb AtimI\pw, AIv_dpw, inhPnbpw t]mse hncense®mhp¶ N{IhÀ¯namÀ am{XamWv Ncn {X¯nsâ XmfpIfn Pzen¨p\n¡p¶Xv. Aht-ij - n¨hscms¡ FhnsSt¸mbn? ImewsXfnbn¡p¶ Hcp Ncn{XkXyap­v. `cWm[nImcnIsf¡mfpw am\hlrZb §sf `cn¡p¶Xv ImeL«§sf AXnPohn¡m³t]m¶ Fgp¯pImcpw AhcpsS IrXnIfpamWv. ]Xn\memw \qäm­n \thmYm\{]Øm\¯n\v XpS¡wIpdn ¡m³ {]tNmZ\w\ÂInbXv UmtâbpsS Unssh³tImaUn F¶ {KÙamWv. ]Xn\©pw ]Xn\mdpw \qäm­pIfn C³UybnemIam\w AebSn¨ `àn{] Øm\¯n\v inebn«Xv XpfkoZmkv, I¼À, I_oÀZmkv, Fgp¯Ñ³ F¶nhcpsS IrXnIfpw. ]s¯m³]Xpw Ccp]Xpw \qäm­pIfnep­mb tZiobDWÀhnsâ DdhnShpw asäm¶mbncp¶nÃ. ImdÂamÀIvkv F¶ Fgp¯pImcsâ IrXn D­m bnÃmbncps¶¦n djy F¶ kmÀk - m{-amP - yw tkmhnbäv bqWnb\mbn ]cnWmaw {]m]n¡nÃmbncp¶p. hymk\pw hmÂaoInbpw krjvSns¨Sp¯ kmaqlyhyhØn XnbneqsS C³Uym¡mcpw Gsd apt¶m«pt]mbn. Fgp¯pImcsâ iàn F´m sW¶v a\Ênem¡pI. `cWIqS§fpw cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nIfpw DbÀ¯p¶ shÃphn fnIsfm¶pw Fgp¯pImcsâ DÅnse AánsISp¯m³ D]Icn¡nà Ft¶mÀ ¡pI. Fw Sn C\nbpw FgpXWw. {]XnIcn¡Ww. k·\kpÅhÀ AXp tIÄ¡ Ww. hnaÀi\§sf kaNn¯XtbmsS t\cnSm\pÅ tijn hfÀ¯nsbSp¡p¶Xv \¶mbncn¡pw.

Sn- Pn -l-cn-Ip-amÀ


ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX D®n {]im´v unniesworld@gmail.com

Ct¡m hnÀPn\nänbpw kpØnc cXnbpw

21þmw \qäm­v kv]ncnNz Iym]näenk¯ntâXmbmWv BtKmfapXemfn¯w cq]IÂ]\sNbvXncn¡p ¶Xv. Experiential Tourism F¶ cq]¯nemWv BtKmf Sqdnkw hyhkmbw kv]ncnNz Iym]näenk¯n\v ssPh hfamIp¶Xv. A\p`h§sf At\zjn¨v hcp¶h\v Cebn«v hnft¼ ­Xv F´v F¶Xnsâ D¯camWv "Ct¡mþ Sqdnkw.' 6

Infn¸ - m«v

""amdpamÀZi ip²nX³ ap¶n am\hs¡Sp\oXnIsfÃmw'' (sshtem¸nÅn) ZÀiw Hcp ip²nbÃ. sI«\oXnbn ]pfbv¡m³ th­n sI«ns¸m¡p¶ kn²m´w am{XamWv "BZÀiip²n'. AXv km[yX Hcp¡p¶Xv I¨hS¯n\mWv; adbv¡s¸« sI«\o Xnbn Nhp«n \n¶v am\hnIXbpsS shfn¨w I­ntÃ... F¶v tNmZn ¡m³. B tNmZy¯n\v Ihm^n ]dªt]msemcp¯cw \ap¡pt­m F¶XmWv {][m\w. "Perhaps the light will be a new tyranny. who knows what new things it will disclose?' (C P Cavafy) shfn¨¯n\v {]iv\ap­v F¶v ]dbm³ ss[cys¸SpI. shfn¨w Akzo ImcyamhpI. shfn¨s¯ kwibn¨p XpS§p¶XneqsS hyhØbpsS/ ap Xemfn¯¯nsâ i{Xphmbn \½Ä cq]m´cs¸Sp¶p. AXpsIm­mWv "Ct¡mþ Sqdnk's¯¡pdn¨v kwkmcn¡pt¼mÄ; "s]m³]W¯n\v am\s¯ hnäv \n³hbÀ \o \ndbv¡tbm, _mte?' F¶v tNmZnt¡­nhcp¶Xv.

B

FIvkv]ocn³jy Sqdnkw (Experiential Tourism) 21þmw \qäm­v kv]ncnNz Iym]näenk¯ntâXmbmWv B tKmfapXemfn¯w cq]IÂ]\sNbvXncn¡p¶Xv. Experiential Tourism (A\p`hthZySqdnkw) F¶ cq]¯nemWv BtKmf Sqdnkw hyhkmbw kv]ncnNz Iym]näenk¯n\v ssPh hfamIp¶Xv.


ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX ""A\p`h§sfbmWv \½Ä A BtKmfhym]Iambn t\zjnt¡­Xv. A\p`h§sf At\z tKm{XhwiPcpsS FÃm jn¨XneqsSbmWv _joÀ Hcp h³I aessZh§fpw C¶v cbmbn XoÀ¶Xv. shdpw ImWeà bm{X'' Ct¡mþSqdnk¯nsâ {_m³Uv F¶Xnsâ It¼mf DÂ]¶cq]amWv Aw_mknUÀamcmWv. Experiential Tourism. A\p`h§sf A em`w B{Kln¡m¯ t\zjn¨v hcp¶h\v Cebn«v hnft¼ ­Xv F´v F¶Xnsâ D¯camWv F³ Pn H IfmbmWv "Ct¡mþ Sqdnkw.' DÂ]mZ\w hÔyw aessZh§Ä Icn¡s¸« cmPyhmknIsfs¡m­v F§s\ A\p`h§sf hm§n¸n sh_vsskäpIfn ¡mw F¶Xnsâ ]ckyNn{XamWv Ccn¡p¶Xpw. \n§Ä¡v "A´mcmjv{S tbmKmZn\w.' krjvSyp thtW tUmfdpIÄ ³apJamb IÀa¯nteÀs¸«ncn¡p ¶hsc Iq«ns¡m­pt]mbn ihmk\w ImWn¡bmbn sN¿n¡p¶XneqsS Ah³ acW¯n\v (\nÝ CSmw F¶v eXbv¡v) "t]' sNt¿­nhcp¶p. \½psS ImSpw Im«mdpw ae\ncIfpw ]pÂtaSpIfpw BtKmfapXem am{Xw! fn¯¯n\v [ym\¯nencn¡m\pÅXmtWm F¶ tNmZyw \½fn \n¶v D­mImXncn¡p¶Xv acWamWv. tKm{XP\X sb ImSpIfn \n¶v Cd§nt]mIm³ t{]cn¸n¡p¶Xpw Ahsc Im SpIfn Xs¶ XpScm³ {]tNmZn¸n¡p¶Xpw ]pd¯pÅhcmWv. Im«n \n¶v ]pd¯vt]mIm³ t{]cn¸n¨XneqsS `cWIqSþapXemfn¯ AP­bv s¡Xnsc BtKmfhym]Iambn {]Xntj[w iàambt¸mÄ BtKmfapXem fn¯w kzoIcn¨ asämcShv\bamWv ]cnØnXnhmZw DbÀ¯n Ct¡mSqdnk ¯neqsS kv]ncnNz Iym]näenk¯n\v hgnsbmcp¡pI F¶Xv. Ct¸mÄ ChÀ ]dbp¶Xv Hcp ImcWhimepw \n§Ä tKm{XP\X ImSv hn«vsImSp¡ cpXv F¶mWv. ImcWw Ct¡mþSqdnkw tKm{XP\Xbv¡v th­nbmWv F¶XmWv! ]­v P·namÀ th«bv¡v t]mIpt¼mÄ ASnaIfpw sNdpa³amcpw thWatÃm; tXm¡v ]nSn¡m\pw, apdp¡m³ Npcp«m\pw, sh¨v hnf¼m\pw, th« \mbsbt¸mse bPam\tkh \S¯m\pw. "Im«phÅn¡ng§p am´n Np«pX¶ntà R§Ä Im«ptNmes¯fn\ocv ]IÀ¶pX¶ntà ]ns¶ ]q¯ amact¨m«n \n§Ä ImäpsIm­v ab§nbt¸mÄ I®pNn½mXhnsS R§Ä Imh \n¶ntÃ' (IS½\n«) CXmWv Ct¡mþSqdnk¯n tKm{XP\XbpsS ZuXyw. BtKmfhym]Iambn tKm{XhwiPcpsS FÃm aessZh§fpw C¶v Ct¡mþSqdnk¯nsâ {_m³Uv Aw_mknUÀamcmWv. em`w B{Kln¡m¯ F³ Pn H IfmbmWv aessZh§Ä sh_vsskäpIfn Ccn¡p¶Xpw. \n§Ä ¡v thtW tUmfdpIÄ ImWn¡bmbn CSmw F¶v am{Xw! Batkm¬ h\taJebn Ct¡mþSqdnk¯n\v Np¡m³ ]nSn¡p¶Xv Pachamama Alliance, Kapawi Ecolodge, XpS§n N G O IfmWv. B³Unkv ]ÀhXtaJe bnse Xt±ihmknIfpsS `qantZhXbmWv "Pachamama'. B P\XbpsS ^e ^qbnjvTXm tZhXbmWXv. sshImcnIhpw Bßobhpamb apXemfn¯ kpJw ap¶nÂh¨p sIm­pÅXmWv "Pachamama'bpsS ssien. "Deep Jungle Experience' F¶XmWv Kapawi Eco- lodge sâ B]vXhmIyw. BatkmWnse tKm{XP\Xbv¡v th­n F¶mWv sh¸v. Ip¡v, ¢o\À, shbväÀ, t_m«vam³, ssKUv XpS§nb ]WnIfmWv tKm{XhwiPÀ¡v \o¡nh ¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Xocpam\w FSp¡p¶ ]ZhnIsfms¡ hln¡m³ BfpIÄ th sdbp­v. BatkmWnse "Achuar'hwiPcmWv "Kapawi'bnse tPmen¡mÀ. C¡tUmdn\pw s]dphn\pw CSbv¡mWv "Achuar' hwiPcpsS hmkØm\w. FÃm amkhpw F«v Znhkw XpSÀ¨bmb Ah[n aämcv \ÂIpsa¶mWv c£I \mb I¼\nbpsS ImcpWymhImihmZw. B sXmgnemfnIÄ F«vZn\Ah[n

¡mew F§s\sNehnSp¶p F¶p IqSn \½Ä ]cntim[n¡Ww. Kapawi Ecolodge-  \n¶v DÄh\ ¯neqsS "Achuar' sXmgnemfnIÄ ¡v X§fpsS hoSv]nSn¡m³ th­ Znhkw aq¶mWv, AXpt]mse Xncn ¨pw. At¸mÄ amk¯n IpSpw_ t¯msSm¸w sNehnSm³ AhÀ¡v e`n¡p¶Xv shdpw 2 Znhks¯ A h[n. LSnImckqNnbpsS bm{´nI Xsb kw_Ôn¨v t_m[hm³amc Ãm¯ B P\X kapawi bn t¢m ¡v kqNnbpsS "bm{´nIIrXyX'bv ¡\pkcn¨v D­mbncn¡pIbpw th Ww. bm{´nIXbvs¡m¸w am\pjn Iambn F¯m\mbnà F¦n ss¢â v kmänkv^mIvj³ (D]t`m àrkwXr]v X n) ewLn¡s¸«p F¶v I¼\n \nbaw. CXn\mbn I ¼\n A[nIrXÀ B sXmgnemfnI Äs¡Ãmw hm¨v hm§ns¡mSp¯p. F¶n«pw B P\Xbv¡v a\Ênem Im¯Xv F´n\mWv ChnsS hcp¶ hÀ C{Xbpw Xnc¡v Iq«p¶Xv F ¶mWv. AhÀ¡dnbnÃtÃm ImSpw Im«mdpsams¡ t¢m¡nse Ipdª kab¯n\pÅn em`km[yX t\ SnsbSp¡m\pÅ s]cpwIp¯pIfm sW¶v. AhÀ a\Ênem¡p¶Xv I¼\n \aps¡ÃmhÀ¡pw kvt\l t¯msS hm¨v hm§n¯¶p F¶p am{XamWv. "AanXhmRvOIfnsÃ\ns¡¦nepþ aip` `mhn¡Snabmbv ¯ oÀ¶p Rm³'' (N§¼pg)

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX at\mcm-Pyw hnf-¼Â Batkm¬ h\-ta-J-e-bn 2014-þtemSvIqSn Kapawi AhcpsS Ct¡m-þSq-dnkw hnI-k\w hym-]n-¸n-¨p. c­mw-L«w I¼\n "Ti inkias' taJebn-te¡v IS-¶p. SuWnÂ\n¶v Batkm¬ DÄh-\-¯nse "Achuar' hntÃPn-te¡v 45 an\n«v \ofp¶ hnam\-bm{X. AhnsS Sqdn-Ìp-Isf tKm{Xhw-i-PÀ Ah-cpsS ]mc-¼-c-y-co-Xn-b\p-k-cn¨v kzo-I-cn-¡pw. Ah-cpsS ]mc-¼-c-y-a-Zyw hnf-¼pw. I¼\n ]Tn¸n¨ AX-ym-h-i-yw-th­ D]-Nm-c-hm¡p-IÄ Sqdn-Ìp-IÄ tKm{X-`m-j-bn ]pe-¼pw. "t]sc´mWv, kpJ-amtWm, \½Ä Fhn-sS-bmWv, F\n-¡ Xv In«ptam, _m¯v dqw Fhn-sS-bm Wv, ko bp teäÀ... C{Xbpw Adnªn-cp-¶m "Achuar' tKm{XP-\X Ah-cnse Hcm-fmbn \n§sf Icp Xpw F¶mWv I¼-\n-bpsS tIm¨nMv. \½Ä kz-]v\w-Im-Wp¶ `mjbn \t½mSv kwkm-cn-¡p¶ ]pd-tabp- f - f - h À Nq­- b mWnSp- ¶ - s X¶ hkvXpX \½Ä Xncn-¨-dn-bmsX t]m Ip-Ibpw `mj tXm¡n\v ]I-c-ap-ff Hc[n-\n-thi D]-I-c-W-ambn amdp-I bpw sN¿p-¶p. X§-fpsS `mj kw km-cn-¨-hsc tKm{X-aq-¸³ ho«n-te ¡v kzo-I-cn-¡p-¶p. AhÀ¡v th­sXms¡ sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-¡m³ tKm {X-t¯m-Sm-h-i-y-s¸-Sp-¶p. Ba-tkmWnse Cu at\m-cm-Pyw hnf-¼-en\v Hcp SqdnÌv $ 3475.00 AXmbXv 2,32,286 C³U-y³ cq]-bmWv I¼-\n ¡v \ÂtI-­-Xv. CI-z-tUm-dn-te-¡pff hnam-\-NmÀPv CXnÂs¸-Sn-Ã. X§-fpsS `q{]-tZ-i-t¯¡v F¯p ¶ Hcp Sqdn-Ìn-eqsS, I¼\n $ 3475.00 Ioi-bn-em-¡p-t¼mÄ "Achuar' tKm {Xhwi¯n\v t£a-[-\-ambn In«p¶Xv shdpw $ 10 BWv. Ct¡m-þ-Sq-dn k¯nsâ e£yw AcnIvhÂI-cn-¡s¸-Sp¶ tKm{X-P-\-X-bpsS kwc-£W-¯n-\mWv F¶v ]d-bp-¶-Xnsâ s]mcpÄ CXm-Wv. "]¯p-sh-ffn Rm³ X¶-Xp-hm§nþ b¯-dbnSw hn«p \ot]mbn' (sshtem¸nÅn) ]cn-Øn-Xn¡v bmsXmcp-hn[t]mdÂt]mepw G ¡m¯ hn[-ap-ff H¶mWv Ct¡mþSqdnkw F¶v ]d-bpt¼mÄ Ba-tkm¬ ag-¡m-Sn sâ apI-fn-eqsS ]d-¡p¶ SqdnÌv hnam-\-§-fpsS (ImSv ImWp-¶-Xn\v) F®-hpw b{´-hÂIrX k^m

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cn t_m«p-I-fpsS F®hpw Sqdn-Ìp-I-fpsS F®hpw H s¡ \½Ä a\-Ên-em-¡Ww. F{X-t¯mfw Uo k D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶p F¶v I¼\n shfn-s¸Sp¯m³, X¿mdsà ¦nepw \½Ä Xncn-¨dn-b-Ww. "KapawiImSv kwc-£-W-{]hÀ¯-IÀ¡v' ^­v sImSp-¡p-¶Xv PÀa³ NGO Bb "giz' BWv; "German Corporation for International Cooperation'. 2013 amÀ¨n \ao-_n-b-bn `qhn-\n-tbm-K-hp-ambn _ÔBatkmWnse Sqdn-Ìvhnam-\-hpw Sqdn-Ìp-Ifpw s¸«v a\p-j-ym-h-Imi [-zw-k \w \S-¯n-b-h-cmWv ChÀ. \ao-_n-b-bnse Xt±-i-hm-kn-I-fmb Himba/Zemba hw-i-P-cpsS ]mc-¼-c-y-`qan X«n-sb-Sp-¯-h-cmWv Ba-tkm-Wn tKm{-X-kvt\-l¯n-\mbn ^­v Hgp-¡p-¶-Xv. 1970 Ifn \ao-_n-b-bnse "Himba' hwiPÀ tem I-¯n\v BIÀj-Wob "ImgvNh-kvXp-¡-fm-bn-cp-¶p'. B hwis¯ kvt\ln¨v kvt\ln¨v Ahsc sX­n-Ifpw aZ-ym-k-à-cp-am-¡p-¶-Xn Sqdnkw hln¨v ]¦v "\nkvXpe-am-Wv'. Ba-tkm-Wn Xs¶-bp-ff asämcp Ct¡m-þ-Sq-dnkw NGO bmb "Pachamama' bpsS kn²m´w F¶v ]d-bp-¶Xv; ""Achuar tKm{XP-\-XbpsS ImgvN-¸m-Sp-IÄ¡v ta Pm{K-X-bpsS I®v hbv¡pI B[p-\n-I-tem-I¯nsâ A\n-hm-c-y-X-bmWv F¶m-Wv''. temI-am-k-I-e-ap-ff tKm{X-P-\-X-bpsS ImgvN-¸m-Sp-IÄ¡v ta Pm{K-X-bpsS I®v hbv¡m³ Ch-scms¡ BcmWv F¶p-f-f-Xm-Wv. "em`w' tNmÀ¶v t]mIm-Xn-cn-¡m-\p-ff Pm{K-X. BtKm-f-hÂI-cW-¯nsâ `oam-Im-c³ he-bnÂ\n¶v NmSn-t]m-Ip¶ sNdp-ao-\p-I-sf-¡qSn ]nSn¡m-\p-ff Pm{K-X. DÂ]m-Z-\w -h-ÔywIcn-¡-s¸« aq¶mw-temI cmP-y-§-fn Fs´-¦nepw DÂ]m-Z-\-{]-hÀ¯\w tijn-¡p-¶p-s­-¦n AXn-s\-¡qSn hcnbp-S-bv¡m-\p-ff Pm{K-X. A[-zm-\-ti-jn-bp-ff tKm{X-P-\-Xsb s]dp-¡n-I-fm ¡n amäm-\p-ff Pm-{K-X. "Ikima Nunkui' F¶Xv "Achuar' hwiP-cpsS A½-k-¦Â ]am-Wv. ImSnsâ A½-bmbn AhÀ "Nunkui' ImWp-¶p. "Achuar' hwi¯nse A½-amÀ Ah-cpsS Ip«n-I-tfmSv ]d-bp-¶Xv "Respect Nunkui' F¶mWv. "Nunkui' sb _lp-am-\n-¨n-sÃ-¦n \o Pohn-X-Imew apgp-h³ DZm-ko-\-\m-hp-Ibpw \n\¡m-lmcw In«m-Xm-hp-Ibpw sN¿pw F¶m-Wv. AXn-\ÀYw \nsâ A[-zm-\-tijnsb ]W-bw-sh-bv¡-cp-Xv F¶m-Wv. aXw \n§-tfmSv {]mÀY-\-bn apgpIn [ym-\-\n-c-X-\m-Im³ ]d-bp-¶Xpw apX-em-fn¯w \n§-tfmSv ]Àt¨-knMv ]hÀ Iq«n cmPys¯ c£n¡q F¶v ]d-bp-¶Xpw H¶mWv. DZm-ko-\-\m-hpI F¶mWv AXn-\ÀYw. A t¸mÄ DZm-ko-\-cm-hm-Xn-cn-¡pI F¶ tKm{X-hwi-P-cpsS ImgvN-¸m-Sn\v ta "Pm{KX-bpsS' aXw \n§-tfmSv I®p-h-bv¡pI F¶Xv B[p-\nI apX-em-fn¯-tem-I-¯nsâ A\n-hm-c-y-X-bmbn Xocp{]mÀY-\-bn apgpIn ¶p! [ym-\-\n-c-X-\m-Im³ "sImÃphm³ Xcn-¡p-s¶m-sc³ ssIbm \Ã-\p-{K-l-\m-S-y-§Ä Im«n' ]d-bp-¶Xpw apX-em-fn¯w (sshtem¸nÅn)

\n§-tfmSv ]Àt¨-knMv ]hÀ Iq«n cmPys¯ c£n¡q F¶v ]d-bp-¶Xpw H¶m-Wv. DZm-ko-\-\m-hpI F¶mWv AXn-\ÀYw.

ImSpw I\-y-Im-X-zhpw kwc-£-Icpw temIh- y m- ] - I - a mbn Ct¡m- þ - S q- d n- k ¯n\v "A\p{K-lm'ÈnkpIÄ-G-Ip¶ Ic§Ä \nkm-c-§-f-Ã. 2003  BtKm-f-h-ym-]I-ambn "Lessons in Community based EcoTourism' F¶ ]T-\-kw-L-¯n\v ^­v A\ph-Zn-¨Xv Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund


ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX (CEPF) Â \n¶m-Wv. CsXmcp tPmbnâ v t{]m{Km-am-Wv. Conservation

hb-\m-«n F´mWv ]cn-]mSn F¶v tNm Zn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡m³ h¿. NCCR Trade Regulation F´msW¶v At\z-jn¡p-t¼mÄ AXv, Swiss National

International, European Union, Global E n v i r o n m e n t F a c i l i t y, T h e Government of Japan, MacArthur Foundation, World Bank F¶n

h-cmWv [\-Im-c-y-Zm-Xm-¡Ä. Ba-tkm¬ h\m-´-c-¯n Â\n¶v \ap¡v hb-\m-«nte¡v hcmw. "hb\mSv hn fn-¡p-¶p' F¶mWv ]ck-y-hm-N-Iw. hb-\m-«pf-f-h-cmcpw Bscbpw hnfn-¡p-¶n-Ã. hb-\mSns\ hb-\m-«vImÀ A dn-bmsX BÀt¡m ] W-bw-h-¨p. B I¨-hS- ¡ mÀ hb- \ m- S ³ kuµ-cyw hn¡m³h¨n-cn-¡p¶p, \n§-f-Xp-t]mbn ]Ww-sIm-Sp¯v \pI-cm-\mWv hnfn-¡p-¶-Xv. ]W-hpwsIm­v t\tc Dd-hn-tet¡m I_-\n-bn-tet¡m BWv sNtÃ-­-Xv. Ah-cmWv hb-\m-S³ ImSp-I-fpsS hnÀPn\nän Im¯v kq£n-¡p-¶-Xv! F¶pw hnÀPn-\nän Im¯v kq£n-¨p-sIm-­n-cp-¶m DÂ]m-Z\w F§s\\S-¡psa¶v \½Ä tNmZn-¡p-¶panÃ. tKm{X-P-\-Xbv¡pw DÄ \m-S³P\-X-bv¡pw-th­n kaÀ]n-¡-s¸« Hcp kwL-S\-bmWv Ddhv F¶mWv AhÀ Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. ""tKm{XP-\-X-bpsSbpw DÄ\m-S³ P\-X-bp-sSbpw t£ aw ap³\nÀ¯n {]Ir-Xn-hn-`h \nb-{´-W-§-fn kzo-Icn-t¡­ \b-k-ao-]-\-§-fmWv "Ddhv' e£y-an-Sp-¶-Xv. BtKm-f-hÂI-c-W-¯nsâ `mK-ambn \S-¡p¶ h\-\io-I-c-Whpw ]cn-Øn-Xn-\m-ihpw \mW-y-hn-f-IÄ¡v th­n-bp-ff _ZÂIr-jn-co-Xn-Ifpw {]Ir-Xn-hn-`-h-§-fp sS h³Ip-d-hn\pw AXp-t]mse DÄ\m-S³ P\-X-bpsS \nX-y-hr-¯n¡v {]Xn-Iq-e-hp-am-Ipw. AXn\v ]I-c-amWv X§Ä F¶mWv Ddhv \bwhy-à-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv''. Npcp-¡n-¸-d-ªm BtKm-f-þ-D-Zm-c-hÂI-cW Zqjn-X-he-bs¯ {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡pI F¶ IÀaw. Ddhv C§s\ s\©n-e-Sn¨v kX-y-{]-Xn-tcm[w \S¯p-t¼mÄ Xs¶ aäv Nne kX-y-§fpw \½Ä Adn-tb­-Xp-­v. Eco-Links Ltd hgnbpw \ap¡v Dd-hn-se-¯mw. Uravu Bamboo Grove Eco-Friendly Community Tourism

Centre of Competence in Research F¶v a\-Ên-em¡mw. am{X-aà "Corinne Karlagains', United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) F¶

Ata-cn-¡³ kvt]m¬ tkÀUv thmfsân-bÀ Øm]-\-¯nse hfsc th­-s¸-«-hÀ IqSn-bmWv. A´m-cmjv{S _ Ô-§-fn kzo-I-cnt¡­ \tbm-]m-b§Ä kw_-Ôn¨ t{]mP-IvSp-I-fmWv AhÀ sNbvXn-cp¶-Xv. (UNITAR) F¶ kwL-S\ Ata-cn-¡³ kvt]m¬ tkÀUv BsW¶v ]dbm³ ImcWw AXnsâ t_mÀ Uv sa¼Àam-cn Sarah Cook t^mÀUv ^ut­-j-\nse tPmen-¡m-cn-bm-bn-cp-¶p. t^mÀUv^ut­-j³ bp Fkv kvt]m¬tkÀUv NGO BsW¶v \ap-¡-dnbmw. IqSmsX "Freedom House' F¶ NGO bpsS ko\n-bÀ dnkÀ¨v A\-en-Ìp-am-bn-cp¶p Cu h\n-X. "Freedom House' F¶ NGO bv¡v ^­v sImSp-¡p-¶Xv Ata-cn¡³ Nmc-kw-L-S-\-bmb CIA BsW¶v \½Ä a\-Ênem-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-cp-Xv. [\-Im-c-ym-[n-\n-thiw \S-¯p¶ C¯cw NGO IfpsS {]Y-a-Øm-\-¯n-cn-¡m³ tbmK-yX-t\-tS-­Xv Harvard University bn \n¶mWv. kmdm Ip¡v PHD IcØ-am-¡n-bXv lmÀhmÀUn \n¶m-Wv. CtX lmÀhm-Un \n¶p-ff Ko-Xm-tKm-]n-\mYv CS-Xp]£ kÀ¡m-cnsâ (2016) km¼-¯nI D]-tZ-i-I-bm-bncn-¡p¶ tÌän Chn-Sps¯ Ct¡m-þ-Sq-dnkw I¼-\n-Ifn Ata-cn-¡³ km¶n-[yw ]mSnà F¶n-ÃtÃm! UNITAR se asämcp sa¼-dmWv Kathleen Cravero Kristoffersson. "Oak Foundation' {]kn-UâmWv. temtIm ]-Im-c-{]-Z-ambn {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ NGO F¶mWv AhÀ kzbw hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. ^ut­-j³ F¶ \ne bv¡v ChÀ US based Council of Foundations þ ambmWv ]¦m-fn-¯-¯n GÀs¸-Sp-¶-Xv. At¸mÄ]ns¶ Oak Foundation sâ t{]m{Kmw Hm^o-kÀ Presiana Manolova, USAID F¶ Ata-cn-¡³ NGO bpsS eoK AssU-z-k-dm-bn-cp-¶n-cn-¡pI "kzm-`m-hnIw'! C{Xbpw kqNn-¸n-¨Xv hgn UNITAR F´v Xcw kwL-S-\-bm-sW¶v hy-à-am-bn-¡mWp-a-tÃm. At¸mÄ hb-\ms« Dd-hnse Corinne Karlagains sâ A´m-cm-jv{S apX-em-fn¯kzm-[o\w H«pw \nkm-c-aÃ. Npcp-¡n-]d-ªm CIA bpsS hb\m-«nse Zri-y-km-¶n-[-y-amWv Corinne

BWv {][m-\-e-£-yw. "For Ethical Business'- F¶XmWv apJap{Z. Work ethics (sXmgn ss\Xn-I-X) Ethical Laws (ss\XnI \nb-am-h-en) Ethical jurisprudence (\oXn-im-kv{Xw) Hs¡ kp]-cn-Nn-X-amWv. "Ethical Business' s\Ipdn¨v am{Xw a\-Ên-em¡p-¶n-Ã. I¨-h-S-¯n\v F¯nIvkv D­v F¶v k-½-Xn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯m Xs¶ C\n ]d-bp-¶-Xn-s\ms¡ \ym-bo-I-c-Wapt­m F¶mWv tNmZ-yw. Ddhv Ct¡m en¦vkv enan-äUv I¼\n-bpsS Soans\ t\m¡p-t¼mÄ AXn  "Corinne Karlagains' s\ImWmw. h b-\ms« ImSnsâ hnÀPn-\n-änbpw, ImSn sâ a¡-sfbpw kwc-£n-¡m³ shfp ¯ amemJ F´n-s\-s¶m¶pw tNmZn¡p-¶n-Ã. ]t£ NCCR- International Trade Regulation se Ia-yq-Wn-t¡-j³ slUn\v Corinne Karlagains

Karlagains.

Ba-tkm-Wn hnam-\-¯n k©-cn¨v ImWm³ X¡ ImSp-­v. hb-\m«v AXnÃ. AXp-sIm­v Xs¶ dntkmÀ«v sIm ­p-am{Xw "Ethical Business' ]nSn¨p-\n¡nÃ. A§-s\-bm-Ip-t¼mÄ ht\mÂ]-¶-§sf

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX BtKm-f-hn-]-Wn¡v tNcpw-hn[w I¨-hSDÂ]-¶-am-¡¡pI am{X-amWv sN¿p-¶-sX¶ kmam-\-y-t_m[w \apWw. kv]ncn-N-z Sqdn-ks¯ ap¶nÂI-­v thWw D ¡p-­m-tI-­-Xp-­v. t]mÂ]-¶-¯nsâ cq]-IÂ]-\. apf-¦m-Sn Ccn-¡p¶ "IemImc\p­mbncnt¡­ kzmX{´yw, Abmsf A\p-`-h-th-Z-yX dntkmÀ«n In«-Ww. tImSoizcs\ D]lmc§fm AewIrX\m¡p¶ Xc¯nepÅ H¶ apf-¦m-«n shdptX sIm­n-cp-¯m³ ]än-Ã. apI-fn-emÃ. H¶nepw \nÀ_ÔnX\m¡m¯, Abmsf `uXnI Im-ihpw Npäpw ImSpw Xmsg Icnbn-ebpw F¶-Xà XmÂ]cy§Ä am{XapÅ Hcmfmbn amäm³ t{]cn¸n "Ct¡m' ImgvN¸m-Sv. Im«nse apf-I-sfms¡ sh«-Ww. ¡m¯ Xe¯nepÅXmbncn¡Ww.' ^vtfmdn-§pw- hm-fn§pw dq^n§pw Hs¡ apf-bn (dÊÂ) sa\-b-Ww. Hcp dntkmÀ«v Ct¡m {^­ven XnI¨pw `uXnIXmÂ]cyw (apXemfn¯ Xm BIp-¶Xv A§-s\-bm-Wv! HmÀ¡pI, F{X ]cyw) am{XapÅ Swiss- NCCR GPâmbn {]Ir-Xn-tbmSv tNÀ¶v F¶v ]d-ªmepw hb\ms« Ddhnse¯nbn«pÅ Jury \½Ä kuI-cyw Hcp-t¡-­Xv ]W-¡m Grunder F¶ inÂ]nbneqsS F´v tKm À¡v th­n-bm-Wv. AXp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ {XkwkvImcn{]hÀ¯\amWv Dt±in ]W-¡m-csâ Imen Hcp "Icnbn-e¡p¶sX¶dnbnÃ. dntkmÀ«pIÄ t]m-dÂ' t]mepw D­m-Im³ ]mSn-Ã. ¡pw, amfpIÄ¡pw e£zdn A¸mÀ«p "kpØnc hkvXphnZ-ym'-inÂ]n-bmb saâpIÄ¡pw th­nbmWv Xm³ kz Jurg Grunder BWv Dd-hnsâ \nÀan-Xnbw ]Wbs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅsX¶v A I-fpsS {]mtW-Xm-hv. a\w-I-h-cp¶ t±lw Xs¶ ]dbp¶p­v. hb\ms« Iem-Nm-Xp-cyw tZym-Xn-¸n-¡m³ DX-IpwtKm{XP\Xbv¡v inÂ]]cnioe\w hn-[-ap-ff dntkmÀ«v-þ-tlm-«Â-þ-am-fn-Iþ \ÂIm³ CXnepw tbmKy\mb asäm IfpsS t{]mP-IvSmWv Xm³ Gsä-Sp-¡m-dpcmÄ Csö am\knI \ne]mSv Ddhn\p f-f-sX¶v inÂ]n ]d-bp-¶p. At¸mÄ a\w­mhpI kzm`mhnIw! kv]ncnNz Sqdnk Jurg Grunder I-h-cp¶ amfn-I-IÄ ]Wn-tb-­-h³ F´n\v ¯nsâ hn]W\¯n\v A\pkrXamb in hb-\m-«n h¶v InS-¡p¶p F¶ tNmZyw \½ ]Iem sshZKv[yw t\SpI F¶Xv am{XamWv Ä D¶-bn-¡p-¶p-an-Ã. kzn-ävkÀe³Uv-þ-A-tatKm{XP\Xbnse inÂ]nIÄ sNt¿­Xv cn-¡³ t{]mU-IvSmWv Cu hkvXp-in F¶Xv ASna¯amWv. tlmfnhpUn ]n. AXp-t]mse Vincent Weil; kznkv epw t_mfnhpUnepw Xmc§Ä ISn t{]mU-IvSmWv. HES- So University tImSoizcs\ apf-¦m¨B¸nfn\pw AWnªhkv{X§ Ä¡pw ZnhyXzw \ÂIn teew sN of Applied Sciences and Arts «n shdptX sIm­n-cp-¯m³ ¿p¶Xv t]mse tKm{XhwiP We s t e r n S w i t z e r l a n d s e ]än-Ã. apI-fn-em-Im-ihpw Npäpw cm \nÀan¡s¸«Xv F¶v ]d Management & Tourism Ah-kmªv It¼mf¯n hn¡m³ \-hÀj hnZymÀYn-bm-bn-cn-¡pImSpw Xmsg Icnbn-ebpw F¶-Xà hbv¡p¶Xv IemkwkvImcaà t¼mÄXs¶ CbmÄ Ddhv C "Ct¡m' ImgvN¸m-Sv. Im«nse apf-II¨hSkwkvImcamWv Akv t¡m en¦vkn tPmen sN¿p]riyX \ne\n¶ncp¶ Ime ¶p. IqSmsX kzn-ävkÀeân sfms¡ sh«-Ww. ^vtfmdn-§pw¯v sXm«m Xo­emhpw F \n¶p-ff Camille Drompt Ddhm-fn§pw dq^n§pw Hs¡ apf-bn ¶v ]dbp¶Xn\v Xpeyw Xs¶ hn Ctâ¬jn¸v sN¿p-¶p. bmWv CXpw. kz´w CÑmi sa\-b-Ww. kv]ncnNz Sqdnk¯nsâ F´p-sIm­v kzn-ävkÀe³Un àn Swiss - US {Sm³kvIĨ  \n¶v Hcp-Iq«w F¶-t\-z-jnhn]W\¯n\v A\pkrXamb dn\v ASnbdhbv¡p¶XneqsS ¡p-t¼mÄ Dd-hn\v NCCR trade inÂ]Iem sshZKv [ yw t\SpI F¶Xv F´v IemkzmX{´yw F¶v regulation \pambp-ff _Ôw hya\ÊnemIp¶nÃ. C{]Imcw am{XamWv tKm{XP\Xbnse inÂ]nIÄ à-am-Ipw. BtKm-f-h-ym-]-I-am apXemfn¯w hnf¼p¶ Xqi bn I¨-h-S-¯nsâ kpK-a-amb sNt¿­Xv F¶Xv ASna¯amWv . \nebnse arjvSm¶t`mPnIÄ \S-¯n-¸n\v, XS-Ê-§sf eLq¡mWv Iptd Ignbpt¼mÄ I C{]Imcw apXemfn¯w hnf¼p¶ Xqi I-cn¨v hi-¯m¡n It¼mfw em{]hÀ¯\w F¶Xv kzbw hn]p-eo-I-cn-¡m-\p-ff ]²-Xn\nebnse arjvSm¶t`mPnIÄ¡mWv t`mKamsW¶v tXm¶p¶Xv. A IÄ F§-s\-sbms¡ {]mtZ-inhsâ CÑmiàn jWvUoIcn Iptd Ignbpt¼mÄ Iem{]hÀ¯\w I-ambn Hmtcm cmP-y¯pw \S-¸m¡s¸«pt]mbXnepÅ IgpX ¡mw F¶-XmWv NCCR sâ e F¶Xv kzbw t`mKamsW¶v ¡ma\nehnfnbmbn thWw AXn £-yw. At¸mÄ shdp-tX-sbm¶pw s\ \½Ä Xncn¨dntb­Xv. tXm¶p¶Xv . kzn-ävkÀe³Uv kmbn¸v \½sf Im "\mth \mth Wm\pw kvt\ln-¡m\pw hcnà F¶À \n\s¡´p]än Yw. Ch-cmcpw hcp-¶-h-cÃ; Ab-¡-s¸-Sphmb¡pÅn ¶-h-cm-Wv. kX-y-¯n Hcp Ata-cn-¡ þ kznkv \o Xq§n acnt¨m' þ tIcf sImfm-_vtd-j-\mWv Dd-hv. "Transculture' t]m (]hn{X³ Xo¡p\n) ep-ff F{X at\m-l-c-amb ]Z-h-ÀW\w \S-¯n-bmepw CXv kmwkvIm-cnI km{am-P-y-Xzw (Cultural Imperialism) kkvss-ä-\-_nÄ lWn-aq¬ AÃmsX asäm-¶p-aà F¶v \½Ä Xncn-¨-dn-tb-­-XpF§s\-bmWv \½psS {]W-bhpw cXnbpw Gä-¡p-d­v. AhÀ \½Ä¡v H¶pw-X-cnÃ; \½-fn \n¶v FSp¨n-ep-I-fn-ÃmsX kpØn-c-am-Ip-¶Xv?

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX "I\y-amÀ¡p \hm-\p-cm-K-§Ä I{a-timW kv^Sn-I-h-f-IÄ;' "aäp ]qs¨Sn sN¶p Xn¶m-s\³þ sImä-\m-Sn\p­ns¸mtg tamlw' (sshtem-¸n-ffn) CXns\ kwkvI-cn-s¨-Sp-t¡­Xv \½-fm-Wv. \½Ä hn¯vIm-f-bsöv Xncn-¨-dn-bm³ kzn-ävkÀe³ Un \n¶v Cd-¡p-aXn sNbvX NGO thWtam F¶-XmWv tNmZ-yw. hb\m-S³ ImSp-I-fnse apf-IÄ¡v kzn-äv kÀ-e³Un \n¶v Cd-¡p-aXn sN bvX apX-em-fn¯ inÂ]n-bm am {Xta Iem-Nm-cpX D­m-hp-I-bpf-fq-sh¶pw, B ]©-\-£{X \n Àan-Xn-¡p-f-fn a[p-hn[p B tLm- j n- ¡ p- t ¼m- g mWv ]cnØnXn kwc-£n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶sX¶pw Ah- I m- i - s ¸- S pt¼mÄ "Hcm«v'\pt]mepw km[-y-am-Ip-¶n-sÃ-¦n \ ½psS ico-chpw {]W-b hpw cXnbpw BtKmf apXem-fn-¯-¯m tamjvSn-¡-s¸ «p F¶m-WÀYw. ""sagpIp-Xncn sh«-¯n hb-\m-«nse \£-{X§Ä¡pw N{µ\pw H¸w \n§Ä ¡v Un¶À Ign-¡m-\p-ff `mKyw F hnsS In«p-sa-¶mWv BtKmf apX-emfn¯w Imap-Io-Im-ap-I³am-tcmSv tNmZn-¡p-¶-Xv''! "t_m[nX-Wp-¸n \oe-sh-fn¨w XfÀ¶p-d-§p ¶ cmhp-I-fn Hcn-¡epw \S-¶p-XoÀ¶n-«nÃm¯ \m«n-S-h-gn-I-fn FÃmbn-S¯pw Rm³ {]Wbw A\p-`-hn-¨n«p­v {]Wbw \ne-\nÀ ¯m³ Hä hgn-tb-bp-ffq {]W-bn-¡pI' (F A¿-¸³) {]W-bn-¡m³ R§Ä¡v ImSp-IÄ th­ F¶v D¯ cw ]d-bm-\p-ff N¦qäw \ap¡pt­m F¶Xv {][m-\-am-Wv. DIGITAL DETOX PACKAGE

hnjen-]vX-amb kmt¦-Xn-I-hn-Z-y-Ifn \n¶p-ff hntam-N-\-amWv Cu ]mt¡-Pv. hnh-c-km-t¦-XnIhnZ-y-bneq-sS-bmWv Ddhv þ Ct¡m Sqdnkw \s½ amSn-hn-fn-¡p-¶-Xv. amSn-hnfn ¡pcp-¡nÂs¸«v \½-f-hnsS F¯p¶-tXm-Sp-IqSn kmt¦-Xn-I-hn-Zy hnjam-hp-I-bm-Wv. XpSÀ¶v AhÀ \½ sf No Boss, No Internet, No Cell

phone, No Clock, No Work F¶ "tam£amÀK'¯nte¡v Iq«ns¡m­v t]mIpI bmWv. UnPnäenkw hnjamIp¶Xv ]W¡mcsâ tlmfntUIfnemWv; X kabw CsâÀs\äv D]tbmKn¡p¶ {]tZihmknIÄ Ah\v hnjw Xo\nI fmWv. A[zm\hpw LSnImchpw H¶panÃmsX hb\m«nse BÂact¨m«n h¶v BßobkpJw A\p`hn¡pI F¶mWv DdhvImÀ \t½mSv ]dbp¶Xv. BatkmWnse tKm{XP\XtbmSv LSnImcs¯¡pdn¨v t_m[hm\IWw F¶v ]dbpIbpw ]W¡mct\mSv t¢m¡v hnjamsW¶v ]dbpIbpw sN¿p¶ kao]\w. ]­v ssP\³amÀ sNbvXXpw CXv Xs¶bmWv; ASnØm\P\ hn`mKhpambn bmsXmcp k¼À¡hpanÃmsX ap\nbdIfnepw ImSpIfnepw t]mbn X]kncn¡pI. _u²À sNbvXXv A§\mbncp¶nÃ. a®n ]Wnsb Sp¯v Nn´mtijn Iq«m\mWv _p²³ Bhiy s¸«Xv.

I_\n Hcp \Znbà I_\nbpsS ]¦mfnIfn Hcp N G O bmWv Fresh Eyes. UK N G O- bmb Action Village India (A V I) BWv "Fresh Eyes' sâ ^­v ZmXmhv. 1988þ apX AVI C³Uybnep ­v. AVI bpsS ASp¯ kplr¯mWv Fresh Eyes. tIcfw, Xangv\mSv, cmPkv Ym³, D¯mcmJWvUv ChnS§fn AVI bv¡pth­n "em`kpØncX' \S ¯p¶Xv ChcmWv. tIcf¯n AVI bpsS {][m\ ssIhgnbmWv Fresh Eyes; AXneq sS F¯p¶Xv I_\nbnte¡pw. I_\n sh dpw I_\o \ZnbÃ; bp sI I¼\nbmWv F¶ ÀYw. AVI bnse amt\PnMv I½än sa¼dmb Mary Holmes tkmtjymfPnÌv s^an\nÌmWv. I_\n ImgvNIÄ P³UÀ {]iv\§sf A`nkwt_m[\sN¿p¶ {] hÀ¯nIÄ sNbvXphcp¶p. kv]ncnNz tlmfntU A\p`hn¡m³ I_\n \½sf hmKa®nte¡mWv £Wn¡p¶Xv. hyhkmbhÂI cW¯n\v Akv]riyXbmWnhnsS, IS¶v hcq F ¶mWv. ITB Berlin Company bpsS AhmÀUv 2014- - - þ2015  I_\n¡v In«nbncp¶p. e£zdn Sqdnk ¯nsâ km[yXIsf¡pdn¨v ka{Kambn ]Tn ¡pIbpw kwhn[m\w Hcp¡p¶Xn\mbn ^­nMv \ÂIpIbpamWv ITB Berlin sâ ]Wn. e£zdn Sqdnkw cwK¯v ChcpsS ]pXn b kn²m´w F¶Xv "Long live in Diversity' F¶XmWv. sshhn[yX At\zjn¨v sNÃp t¼mÄ AXv GIXzw {]m]n¡p¶Xv cXnbnem Wv. enwKþtbm\n cXn F¶Xv aSp¸n¡p¶ H¶m sW¶pw AXn hnhn[X thWsa¶pw kzhÀKc XnbmWv B hnhn[Xsb¶pw AXn Xs¶ aÄ«n ¸nÄ ]mÀSv\À BImsa¶pw AsXms¡ \½Ä kwc £n¨psImÅmsa¶pamWv ITB Berlin hyàam¡p¶Xv. temIhym]Iambn Gay Tourism hn]pes¸Sp¯m³ R§Ä klmbn¡msa¶mWv ChÀ ]dbp¶Xv. ImcWw 1996 apX sshhn[yX F¶Xv X§fpsS A`n\nthiamWv F¶v AhÀ hyà am¡p¶p. Diversity Tourism F¶mWv kzhÀKcXn I¨hS¯nsâ HutZymKnI \maw. "sshhn[yamb kpØnccXn'sb C³Uyt]mepÅ cmPy§fn ap¶n hbvt¡­Xv GsXms¡ coXnbnemWv F¶Xn\mWv ITB _Àen³ t]mepÅ tImÀ]tdäpIÄ N G O IÄ hgn ^­nMv \ÂIp¶Xv. Poh\IebpsS BNmcy \pw, XoÀ¯pw bmYmØnXnI aXkwLS\bmb R S S Dw kzhÀKcXnsb A\pIqen¨v {]kvXmh\Ifnd¡p¶Xv a\pjykvt\lw sIm­Ã adn¨v tImÀ ]tdäpIfpsS "Diversity Tourism'- ¯n\v X§Ä XSÊamIm³ ]mSnà F¶Xv sIm­mWv. sshjvWhan¯nse kzhÀKcXnbpw, ssihan¯n inhsâ

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX ip¢w IpSn¨ kqcytZhsâ IYIfp sams¡bmbpÅ bmYmØnXnIcp sS hmNmtSm]§Ä ^­v hmcnhngp §nbXnsâ {]Xnkv]µ\ambn Icp Xm\pÅ hnthIw \ap¡p­mIm sX t]mIcpXv. Nne {Kq¸pIfpsS BIvSnhnk ap{ZmhmIy§fpw kz bw`qhÃ. bmYmØnXnIÀ ]ptcmKa\w ]dbp¶Xv shfn¨¯nsâ IS¶vhc hmbn IcpXcpXv. hn¹h{]hÀ¯\ §Ä¡v apXemfn¯w klmb[\w \ÂIp¶Xv shÅnshfn¨¯nsâ e£WamsW¶v [cn¡cpXv. sN ¶mbIÄ IpªmSn\v amXrXzw G ImdnÃ. ]cnØnXn kulmÀZ Sqdn kw F¶Xv shdpw "BZÀiip²n' "sh«'ambn Xncn¨dnbmXncn¡p¶Xv acWamWv.

"]mXnadbn« shÅnshfn¨ta t]mIq, acn¡q, Xnanc¡b§fn D¬asb kwlmc`£Wam¡p¶ sh×bmbv \o ]nd¡tÃ, shfn¨ta t]mIq shfn¨ta I¯n¡cnª NndIpambv \obn\n sb¯nt\m¡msX aS§q shfn¨ta I®nsâ kv^SnI¨nÃp s]m«n¡p¶ sh®oÀ¸pIbmWp \osb¶dnªp Rm³ kqcyapJ¯n³ hSp¡sf ambv ¡p¶ ambmshfn¨ta t]mI Zqsc!' (tXm¶bv¡Â hmkptZh³)

t]mIqshfn¨ta/ hmkptZh³

A\p_Ôw:

Nn{X§Ä IS¸mSv:

Investigation report/ Cory Morningstar with Forest Palmer

IhnX Infnam\qÀ _me³

`mKyhm³amÀ CcpfmWns¶¶psS Icfn apgph\pw Icbms\¶, Ãnà a\Ên hnImc§Ä asäm¶pw, a\ÊmsI iq\yam¡n Rm³, NnX ]päpt]m NnXseÃmsat¸mtgbpt]£n¨p. XncameIsfm¶panÃm¯ IS t]mse AcnIs¯§pw Imäphoim¯ ImbÂt]mse. \nÀhnImc\mbÂ]w t\cw Rm\ncpt¶ms« Bcpw hs¶s¶ sskzcw sISp¯mXncn¡pI. AXy]qÀhamWtÃmbn¯cw \nanj§Ä Ccp«n³ Øm\s¯Ãmw {]Imiw ]c¡p¶p. aps¼§pamcpw I­n«nÃm¯ \nd§fpw kpµcZriy§fpw a\Ên sXfnbp¶p. AÂ`pXsa¶ÃmsXsb´pRm³ ]dtb­þ sXs¶\n¡dnbnÃ, ImWn¡m³ km[n¡nÃ. [ym\sas¶ms¡ sNm¶XnXns\¡pdn¨mtWm Úm\nIÄ, F´mbmepw `mKyhm³amcmWhÀ!!

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Infn¸ - m«v

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IpSnsbmgn¡Â/sshtem¸nÅn {io[ctat\m³ Ipd¯n/ IS½\n« cmaIrjvW³ The windows/CP Cavaty/ Translated with willis Barnstone

CcpfnÂ/ N§¼pg \mhv/ ]hn{X³ Xo¡p\n t_m[n XWp¸nÂ.../ F A¿¸³

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tXm¶bv ¡ Â


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Pb-e-fnX, P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-k-`-IÄ hnZ-ymÀYn-k-a-c-¯nsâ ]p-Xn-b-ap-Jhpw

P

b-e-fn-Xsb HmÀ¡p-t¼mÄ

]e tcmK-§-fp-ambn aÃn«v c­-c-amkw Bip-]-{Xn-bn InS¶ Pb-e-fnX HSp-hn tcmK-§Ä¡p-ap-¼n tXm hn k½-Xn¨v \½p-sS-sbÃmw Hcp kvac-W-am-{X-ambnam dn. Ne-¨n-{X-cw-K¯pw cmjv{So-b-th-Zn-bnepw Hcp-t]m se Xnf§n \nÝ-b-ZmÀV-y-¯nsâ {]Xo-Ihpw P\tIm-Sn-I-fpsS {]nb-s¸« "A½'-bp-ambn amdnb AhcpsS PohnXw \ap¡v ]e ]mT-§fpw \ÂIp-¶p-­v. ""\n§fpsSsbÃmw hn\oX ktlm-Zcn'' F¶v kzbw hnti-jn-¸n-¨p-t]m¶ Pb-e-fn-X-bpsS {]kn-²-hm-Iyw C§s\: ""a¡fmÄ \m³, a¡-fp-¡m-Kth \m³''þ \n§ Ä Imc-W-amWv Rm³ Rm\m-bXv; \n§sf tkhn-¡pI am{X-amWv Fsâ e£-yw. 1987  Fw Pn BÀ acn-¨-t¸mÄ Xangv\mSv I­ Zri-y-§Ä \½psS HmÀa-bn-se-¯n¨p 2016  Pb-e-fnX Pb-e-fnX-bpsS ac-Ws¯ XpSÀ¶p-­mb hnImc{]£p_v[ amb cwK-§Ä. _mw¥q-cnse Hcp A¿-¦mÀ {_mÒW IpSpw_-¯n P\n¨ Pb-e-fnX Xan-gv \m-«nse, apJ-y-ambpw {_mÒ-W-þ-hn-cp² \ne-]m-Sp-f-f, Hcp {ZmhnU I£nbmb A®m Un Fw sI bpsS Poh-\mb A½-bmbn amdn-bXv Bscbpw AÂ`p-X-s¸Sp-¯p¶ sFXn-lm-knI Ncn-{Xw. hn[n-bmWv, ssZh-\n-Ý-b-amWv Xsâ Pohn-X s¯ cq]-s¸-Sp-¯nbsX¶v hniz-kn¨ Pb-e-fnX ]d-ªp-t]m¶p: ""Hcp Ne-¨n{X-\-Sn-bm-Im³ Rm³ B{K-ln-¨-X-Ã. A½-bmWv Fs¶ \Sn-bm-¡n-b-Xv. ]n¶oSv cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯I BbXpw Fsâ B{K-l-§Ä¡v hncp-²-am-bm-Wv. Fs¶ AXm-¡n-bXv Fw Pn BdmWv''. Xosc Ipªm-bn-cn-¡p-t¼mtg Aѳ \jvS-amb Pb-e-fnX _mw¥q-cn Hä-bv¡mbn A½ kn\namcwK-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v a{Zm-kntebv¡p t]mb-t¸mÄ. anSp-¡n-bmb hnZ-ymÀYn-\n-bmbn-cp¶ Pb-e-fn-X-þ-a-t\m-l-c-ambn Cw¥ojv `mj ssIIm-cyw sN¿m³ B s]¬Ip-«n¡v Ign-ªn-cp¶pþ]I apgp-h³ kvIqfnse ]mT-§Ä ]Tn-¡m \pw cm{Xn apgp-h³ \r¯w sNbvXv þ `c-X-\m-Syw, Ip¨n-¸pUn XpS-§nb \r¯-§Ä þ ]cn-io-e\w t\Sm\pw sNe-hn« Pb-e-fnX B{K-ln-¨Xv km ln-X-y-¯n tUmIvS-td-sä-Sp-¡mt\m AU-z-t¡äm-Imt\m Bbn-cp-¶p. Fw Pn cma-N-{µ-s\-¡pdn¨v Cu teJ-I³ Fgp-Xnb "I®ocn \o´nh¶ \mb-I³' F¶ teJ-\-¯nÂ\n¶v ("AI-se-\n¶v, ASp-¯p-\n¶v' F¶ ]pkvX-Iwþ2000) GXm\pw hmI-y-§Ä D²-cn-¡s«: ""Fw Pn Bdn-s\-t¸mse A`n-\-bn-¡m\pw B{K-ln-¨p-t]m¶p B s]¬Ip-«n. Hcp s]m Xp-th-Zn-bn h¨v \r¯w sNbvX Pb-e-fnX sb kwLm-S-IÀ th­{X BZ-cn-¨n-söp tXm¶nb Fw Pn BÀ kz´w dnÌv hm¨v A gn-s¨-Sp¯v AhÄ¡v k½m-\n-¨p B\nan jw. B\-µ-Xpµn-e-bmb B s]¬Ip«n þ Fw Pn cma-N-{µ³ Pb-e-fnX þ Fw Pn Bdns\ kz´w lrZ-

bt£{X¯n {]Xn-jvTn-¨ Xpw B \nan-j-am-Wv. Fw Pn Bdn-t\msSm¸w Pb-e-fnX A`n-\-bn¨p XpS-§n-bXpw AhÀ X½n Gsd A Sp-¸-am-bXpw Hs¡ Ncn{Xw. IYm-Ir¯pw te Jn-Ibpw Hs¡ IqSn bmWv "A®sâ lrZb-¡-\n-bmbn' amdnb P b-e-fn-X...'' \mWw IpWp-§n-bm-bn-cp ¶ B s]¬Ip-«n-bpsS hfÀ ¨ \nc-´cw {]Xn-Iqe kmlN-c-y-§sf Xe-sb-Sp-t¸msS t\ cn-«p-sIm-­m-Wv. 1982  Fw Pn Bdnsâ ssI]n-Sn¨v cmjv{So-b-¯n  {]th-in¨t¸mÄ Xangv, sXep¦v, I¶S F¶o `m-j-I-fn-embn Ccp¶q ä¼Xntesd Ne-¨n-{X-§-fn AhÀ A`n-\-bn-¨p-I-gn-ªn-cp-¶p. asäm-cphn[w ]d-ªmÂ, Ah-cpsS apJw P\-tIm-Sn-IÄ¡v Adn-bm-am-bn-cp-¶p. 1984  Ahsc Fw Pn BÀ cmP-y-k`mw-K-am¡n; þ F sF Un Fw sI bpsS {]Nm-c-I-bpw. (A-®m-Zp-ssc-bp sS Ime-tijw Xsâ ]mÀ«n¡v A Jn-te³Uym-k-z-`mhw IqSn \ÂIn Fw Pn BÀ. Xsâ ]mÀ«n-bpsS ]pXn b t]cn-eq-sS). 34 hÀj-§Ä (1982þ2016) Pb-e-fnX Xan-gv\mSv cmjv{Sob-¯n \nd-ªp-\n-¶p. tIc-f-¯n  (]m-e-¡m-Sv) \ns¶-¯nb Fw Pn Bdpw IÀWm-S-I-bn \ns¶-¯nb Pb-e-fn-Xbpw Xan-g-cpsS lrZ-b-§fn Ønc-ambn CSw-]n-Sn-¨p. Fw Pn Bdnsâ {]oXn-t\-Sn-b-XpsIm­pXs¶ kz´w ]mÀ«n-bn t¸mepw AhÀ¡v FXnÀ]p-­m-bn. Hcn-¡Â \nb-a-k-`-bv¡-I-¯p-h¨v Ahsc B{I-an-¡m³ NneÀ apXnÀ ¶p. Gähpw \odp¶ A\p-`-h-ambn AhÀ¡-\p-`-h-s¸-«Xv Fw Pn Bdn sâ ih-i-cochpambn \o§nb hml\-¯n \n¶v Ahsc FXn-cm-fn-IÄ \nµ-y-ambpw {Iqc-ambpw Cd-¡n-hn«

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DÄ¡mgvN XmWv. Xan-gv\mSp apgp-h\papff P\§-fpsS Zbbpw A\p-`m-hhpw Pb-efn-Xbv¡p t\Sn-s¡m-Sp¯p AhÀ ¡p-­mb {Iqcamb B ]oUm-\p-`hw. B Zriyw Sn hn bntem Zn\-]-{X§-fntem I­-hÀ Ghcpw Ah-tcm Sv kl-X-]n-¡p-Ibpw AhÀ¡v hnP bw Biw-kn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp-Im Wpw, XoÀ¨. Xsâ ]mÀ«n-¡-I¯p Xs¶-bpf-f-h-cpsS "]mc'IÄ, Icp-Wm-\n-[nbpsS FXnÀ¸v, AJn-te³UymXe¯n amdn amdn h¶ `c-W-I-£n-Itfm-Sp-ff \ne-]m-Sp-IÄ þ CsXÃmw Akq-bm-h-l-amb DÄ¡m-gvN-tbmsS þ Ft¸mgpw Xan-gv\m-Snsâ XmÂ]-c-y§Ä¡m-bn-cp¶p ap³K-W-\ þ Pb-efnX t\cnSp-Ibpw \à N¦p-d-¸p-ff "Dcp-¡p-h-\nX'bmbn AhÀ amdp-I bpw sNbvXp. P\-§-tfmSv kZm tNÀ ¶p-\n¡p-¶-Xn Pb-e-fn-Xbv ¡v D¯-a-am-Xr-I-bm-b-Xpw Fw Pn cma-N-{µ³Xs¶. GXp {] kw-Khpw ""F³ c¯-¯n c ¯-am\DS-¸n-d-¸p-Itf'' F ¶ kwt_m-[-\-tbmsS am {Xw XpS-§n-bn-cp-¶ Fw Pn BÀ. Xsâ FÃmamb At±-l-¯nsâ Im¸mSpIsf ]n´pS-cpI \nan¯w AhÀ Xan-gÀ¡v, hnti-jn¨pw Xangv ktlm-Z-cn-amÀ¡v, Poh-\mbn amdn. kv{Xosb "HXp-¡pI' F¶ ]pcpj ta [m-hn-X-zs¯ AhÀ kZm [o c-ambn t\cn-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. tI{µ t\Xr-X-z-¯n-se-¯p¶ cm jv{Sob t\Xm-¡-fp-ambn AÀY-h¯mb kulr-Z-_Ôw \ne-\n-dp¯p-¶-Xnepw AhÀ¡v amXr-I-bmbXv Fw Pn BÀXs¶. Xsâ {Zm hnU ]mÀ«n-bpsS t]cn "AJn-te ³Uym' F¶p-IqSn tNÀ¯ Fw Pn Bdpw At±-ls¯ ]n´p-SÀ¶v Pbe-fn-Xbpw tI{µ-kÀ¡m-cp-I-fp-ambn \à _Ôw \ne-\n-dp-¯m³ {ian-¨pt]m-¶p. 1991  BZ-y-ambn apJ-y-a-{´n-bm b AhÀ HutZ-ym-KnIcwK¯pw X sâ hy-àn-ap{Z sXfn-bn¨p. Akm[m-c-W-amb HmÀa-iàn, ^b-epIÄ apgp-h\pw {i²m-]qÀhw, £a-tbmsS ]Tn¨pam{Xw Xocp-am-\-¯n-se-¯m-\p-ff {iaw km[m-c-W-¡m-cmb P\-§Ä¡v ]c-am-h[n {]tbm-P\w sN¿p¶ ]cn-]m-Sn-IÄ kzo-I-cn ¨v \S-¸n-em-¡m-\p-ff

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\nÝ-b-ZmÀVyw þ CsXÃmw Ne-¨n{XcwK-s¯-¶-t]mse `c-W-cw-K¯pw Ahsc AXp-e-y-bm-¡n. km[m-cW P\-§Ä¡v XnI¨pw A`nK-a-y-bmb AhÀ ]mÀ«n-bpsS t\Xr-\n-c-bn an¡t¸mgpw Hä-s¸«p amdn-\n-¶p. Imc-y-§Ä Xpd¶p-]-d-bm\pw \nÀZ-b-Xo-cp-am-\-§-sf-Sp-¡m\pw AhÀ H«pw aSn-¨n-cp-¶n-Ã. "A½' ]pd-¯m-¡nb t\Xm-¡-·mcpw "A½'tbmSp-ff Iqdpw Bcm-[-\bpw ssIhnSm¯ khn-ti-j-Øn-Xn. 1965  Ne-¨n-{X-cw-K-s¯-¯nb Pb-e-fnX 1982  A`n-\bw \ndp-¯n. B 17 hÀj-¯n-\n-Sbv¡v 277 ^nen-ap-I-fn AhÀ A`n-\-bn-¨p. ]n¶o-Sp-ff 34 hÀj-§ Ä cmjv{SobcwK-¯mWv AhÀ \nd-ªp-\n-¶-Xv. {]Xn-_-Ô-§-sfbpw FXnÀ]pI-sfbpw [oc-ambn t\cn« AhÀ þ hnhn[ `mj-IÄ \¶mbn kwkm-cn-¨n-cp¶ AhÀ þ \nc-´cw ]pkvX-I-§Ä hmbn-¨n-cp¶ ]pkvXI t{]an-bp-amWv þ \ap ¡v, {]tX-y-In¨pw, \½psS ktlm-Z-cn-amÀ¡v \ÂIp¶ ktµiw XnI¨pw hyàw. \ni_v²`qcn]£-¯n\v \mhv \ÂIm\pw Ai-àÀ¡v iàn-]-IÀ¶p sImSp-¡m\pambn \nc-´cw bXv\n¨ "Pbm½' ]e-t¸mgpw kz´w ]mÀ«n-bnse FXn-cm-fn-Isf t\cn-Sm³ Hä-bmÄ ]«m-f-ambn amdnb Cµn-cm-Km-Ônsb \½psS HmÀa-bn-se-¯n-¨p. P\{]Xn\n[nk`IÄ P\m[n]Xy¯n P\{]Xn\n[nk`IÄ¡v þ ]©mb¯p apX ]mÀesaâ v hscbpÅh CXn DÄs¸Spw þ DÅ D¯chmZnXzw C¶v G«nse ]iphnsâ ØnXnbnemWv. P\§fpsS s]mXphmb kpc£bv¡pw kam [m\¯n\pw ]ptcmKXn¡pw Bhiyamb \nba§Ä \nÀan ¡p¶Xv kwØm\\nbak`Ifpw ]mÀesaâpamWv. P\ t£aw ap¶nÂI­v Imcy§Ä NÀ¨ sN¿m\pw hnhn[ I£nIÄ þ {Kq¸pIÄ þ A`n{]mbka\zb¯nse¯m \pw NpaXebpÅ Cu P\{]Xn\n[nk`IÄ C¶v BÀ ¡pw F´pw BImsa¶ N´IÄ t]membn«p­v! ]mÀesaâ v kt½fn¡m³ Hmtcm an\n«n\pw c­ce £w cq] P\w sNehnSp¶p. F¶p]dªmÂ, Hm tcm Znhkw ]mÀesaânsâ Ccpk`Ifpw tNcp¶ Xn\v \nch[n tImSn cq]bmWv \mw, C³Uybnse P\§Ä, sNehnSp¶Xv. CÆn[w tImSnIÄ sNehn«v P\{]Xn\n[nIsf \mw ]mÀesaântebv¡b¡p¶Xv AhnsS \nXyhpw \Sp ¯f¯nend§n \nehnfn¨pw _lfap­m¡nbpw k`m\S]SnIsf BsI XSÊs¸Sp¯m\Ã. P\{]Xn\n [nIÄ¡v Ahsc XncsªSp¯ P\§tfmSmtWm AhÀ {]W_vapJÀPn ¡v kuIcy{]Zamb Hcp te_ \ÂIp¶ cmjv{Sob]mÀ «nItfmSmtWm IS¸mSpw D¯chmZnXzhpw? XnI¨pw k¦p NnXhpw A\mtcmKyIchpamb, XcwXmW cmjv{Sob \mSI§fmWv C¶p \½psS P\{]Xn\n[nk`IfpsS apJap{Z! CubnsS \½psS cmjv{S]Xn {]W _vapJÀPn thZ\tbmsS ]mÀesaâwK§tfmSv At]£n¨p: ""cmjv{Sob {]I S\§Ä¡v thsd GsX¦nepw Øe§Ä XncsªSp¡pI. Zbhmbn, ssZh s¯ HmÀ¯v, \n§Ä \n§fpsS tPmensN¿pI.'' GXm\pw Znhk§Ä¡p ap³]v kam]n¨ Hcp amkt¯mfw \o­p\n¶ ]mÀesaâ v kt½f\Ime¯v temIvk`bnepw cmPyk`bnepw Act§dnb XcwXmW, P\m[n]Xy\ntj[amb, _lf§fpw k`IfpsS XSÊs¸Sp¯epIfpw Hs¡ I ­v a\w aSp¯n«mWv Xsâ PohnX¯n sâ knwl`mKhpw tIm¬{KÊpIm c\mbncp¶ {]W_vapJÀPn ta ¸dª A`yÀY\\½psS tIm ¬{KÊv Fw ]n amcpÄs¸sS bpÅ P\{]Xn\n[nItfmSv \S¯nbXv. Aªqdnsâbpw Bbnc ¯nsâbpw Id³kn t\m«pIÄ d±m¡nbXn eqsS tI{µkÀ¡mÀ kzoIcn¨Xv [ocamb


DÄ¡mgvN Hcp \S]SnbmWv. {][m\a{´n tamZntbmSpw At±l ¯nsâ ]mÀ«nbmb _n sP ]ntbmSpw tbmPn¸nÃm¯ hÀt]mepw tamZnbpsS Cu \o¡s¯ A`n\µn¨p. FÃmhÀ¡pw Adnbmhp¶ Imcy§fmWv þ F®nbm semSp§m¯ tImSnIfpsS hymP t\m«pIÄ þ apJyam bpw Aªqdnsâbpw Bbnc¯nsâbpw þ ChnsS {] Nmc¯ntem ]ecpsSbpw ssIIfntem Ds­¶Xpw, FhnsS\n¶v In«nsb¶p shfns¸Sp¯msXbpw BZm b\nIpXn sImSp¡msXbpw Nnet¸mÄ IÅt¸cnepw \½psS PnÃmklIcW_m¦pIfn ]ecpw \nch[n tImSnIÄ þ apJyambpw \½psS cmjv{Sob {]Xn`IÄ þ \nt£]n¨n«ps­¶ hkvXpXbpw ]pd¯p\n¶p sa ¯p¶ IÅt\m«v Iq¼mc§fmWv ChnsS A«nadnI Ä¡pw Iq«s¡meIÄ¡pw Xo{hhmZkwL§Ä D] tbmKs¸Sp¯p¶sX¶ A\ntj[ykXyhpw aäpw. CXns\Ãmw HcdpXn hcp¯m\mbn kzoIcn¨ Id³kn d±m¡Â km[mcW¡mcpÄs¸sSbpÅ FÃmhÀ¡pw Nne {]bmk§Ä krjvSn¨n«ps­¶ Imcyw {][m \a{´n¡pw tI{µ[\Imcya{´n¡pw Hs¡ \¶mbdn bmw. C¡mcy¯nÂ, Ipsd _p²nap«pIÄ Ipsd¡mew kln¡Wsa¶v AhÀ XpSsc¯pSsc A`yÀYn¡p ¶Xpw AXpsIm­mWv. AhcpsS DÅn X«nb A`y ÀY\¡v sNhnsImSp¡p¶p­v km[mcWP\§Ä. AtXkabw, ]mÀesaân Ccpk`Ifnepw km [mcW¡mcpsS _p²nap«pIsf sNmÃn \nXyhpw k` IfpsS {]hÀ¯\§Ä XSÊs¸Sp¯pIbmWv tkm WnbmKmÔnbpsSbpw cmlpÂKmÔnbpsSbpw t\Xr Xz¯nepÅ tIm¬{KÊpImÀ sNbvXXv. AYhm tIm ¬{KÊpImcpsS t\XrXz¯n GXm\pw {]Xn]£ I£nIÄ sNbvXXv. P\{]Xn\n[nk`IfpsS {]hÀ ¯\w XSÊs¸Sp¯m\à Cu Fw ]n amsc \mw C³ Uy³ P\X, XncsªSp¯b¨Xv, tImSn¡W¡n\p cq]bmWv ]mÀesaâ v kt½f\§fpsS \S¯n¸n¶m bn \mw sNehnSp¶Xv. ap³]v _n sP ]n¡mÀ CtX tXm¶nbhmkw ]mÀesaân \S¯nbn«ps­¶v ]d ªv Ct¸mgs¯ k`mXSÊs¸Sp¯ens\ \ymboI cn¡p¶Xv ip² Akw_ÔamWv. ""\n§Ä ap³]v Im«nb tXm¶nbhmkw R§Ä BhÀ¯n¡pIbnÃ'' F¶p]dªv k`m\S]SnIfn þ NÀ¨Ifnepw þ ] s¦Sp¡pIbmWv tIm¬{KÊpImÀ sNt¿ ­nbncp¶Xv. GXmbmepw H¶p­v: s]mXpP\w F ¶p ]dbp¶ \mw, P\§Ä, FÃmw ImWp¶p, Adnbp¶p. hnZymÀYnkac¯n\v ]pXnsbmcp apJw! tIcf kmt¦XnI kÀhIem imebpsS ]co£IÄ, ]co £mlmfn Cc¨pIbdn F Ãmw ASn¨pXIÀ¯v, XSÊ s¸Sp¯n þ Iym³k sN ¿n¸n¨v þ Ncn{Xw krjvSn¨ncn ¡p¶p \½psS katcmÂkpI cmb hnZymÀYn kplr¯p¡Ä. AhÀ apJyambpw kwØm\s¯ `cWI£nbmb þ _Ôs¸« a{´n bpsS I£n Xs¶ þ kn ]n F½nsâ hnZymÀYn kwLS\bmb Fkv F^v sF¡mcmWt{X. Iptd F _n hn ]n

¡mcpw H¸w D­mbncp¶Xmbpw dnt¸mÀ«pIfp­v. tI{µw `cn¡p¶ _n sP ]nbpsS hnZymÀYnAWnIÄ. At¸mÄ, kwØm\kÀ¡mcn\v ]cmXntbm ]cn`h tam H¶pw D­mbn«nÃt{X! kwØm\hnZym`ymka {´nbpw hIp¸p sk{I«dnbpw kÀhIemime sshkv Nm³kedpw Hs¡t¨À¶v FSp¯ Xocpam\{]Imcw Bcw`n¨ bqWnthgvknän ]co£IfmWv kac¡mÀ ASn¨p XIÀ¯Xv. BZyZnhkw A©v tImsfPnepw ]co£ apS¡nbhÀ c­mwZnhkw F«v Kh¬saâ v F©n\obdnMv tImsfPpIfnse ]co£IÄ IqSn XS Ês¸Sp¯n, Iym³k sN¿n¨p! ckIchpw Nn´\o bhpamb Imcyw ChÀ Hscmä kzImcy kzm{ib F ©n\obdnMv tImsfPnepw kachpambn F¯nbn söXmWv! AXpw Gsd Nn´\obw!! bqWnthgvknän ]co£IÄ \S¡p¶ lmfpIfn Cc¨pIbdn _lfap­m¡n ]co£ XSÊs¸Sp¯n bt¸mÄ A´whn«v, `b¶v, Cd§ntbmSnbXv IjvSs¸ «v, _p²nap«n ]Tn¨v ]co£ FgpXms\¯nb Bbnc ¡W¡n\v ]mhw hnZymÀYn\n- hnZymÀYnIfmWv! Cu tXm¶nbhmk§Ä Act§dpt¼mÄ \½psS s]meo kv þ apJya{´n ]nWdmbn hnPbsâ t\cn«pÅ NpaX ebnepÅ s]meokv þ B \m«nse§pw CÃmbncp t¶m? C§s\ Hcp kµÀ`w D­mbt¸mÄ kmt¦XnI kÀhIemimem A[nIrXtcm tImsfPv {]n³kn¸Â amtcm s]meokv kwc£Ww tXSntbm? Ccp]XphÀjw 1967 apX 1987 hsc \½psS kÀ ¡mÀtImsfPpIfn Cw¥oj[ym]I\mbncp¶ Cu teJI\v t\cn«dnbmw \½psS tImsfPpIsf hnZymÀ Yn cmjv{Sobhpw AXns\¡mÄ ]et¸mgpw lo\amb A[ym]Icmjv{Sobhpw IqSn F{Xam{Xw hnjaeoa kam¡p¶psh¶v. GXmbmepw bqWnthgvknän ]co £IÄ ASn¨pXIÀ¡p¶ \nehmc¯nte¡v Cu cm{ãob§Ä F¯nbXn \mw DÂIWvTs¸tS­Xp t­m? DÂIWvTs¸«n«v F´pImcyw? \mw, P\w, sh dpw \nÊlmbcmb ImgvN¡mÀ am{XatÃ? hm¡jWw: sI apcfo[c³ Fw F F bpsS C¶ph¶ Gsd {i ²mÀlamb {]kvXmh\ C§s\: ""tIcf¯n `cW ]£hpw {]Xn]£hpw kn ]n F½mWv. kÀ¡mcnsâ hogvNIÄ Xpd¶pIm«p¶ Xn tIm¬{KÊv ]cmPbs¸«p.'' ]Ýn a_wKmfnse¶t]mse ChnsSbpw kackJm¡ftÃ, tIm¬{KÊpw kn ]n F½pw Ct¸mÄ? C\n Xncsª Sp¸v aÂkcta th­. bp Un F ^pw F Un F^pw IqSn Iq«p` cWw \S¯nbm aXn tIcfw c£s¸Spw! Hcp]mSv hntijW§Ä AÀ ln¡p¶ sI IcpWmIc sâ aI³ F¶Xnep]cn tI cfw I­ Gähpw anI¨ sI ]n kn kn {]knUs­¶ hn tijWw FXncmfnIfn \n¶p t]mepw t\Snb sI apcfo[csâ {]kvXmh\ Gähpw ImtemNnX hpw {]kàhpambn. anÌÀ apcfo, A`n\µ\§Ä! 2016 Unkw_À 26

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ImgvN \in-s¨-¦nepw Ne-¨n-{X-taf a\-Ên-emIpw ImgvN-sb-´n\v taf-IÄ¡v IYbpw Ihn-X-bp-aà AsX-¶-dn-bm-¯-h-sc{X.. DÂk-h-¯n-anÀ]n DÃm-k-`-cn-X-am-Ip¶ a\-Ên\v FhnsS Iebpw IYbpw Ihn-Xbpw. ImgvN ZpÈ-Ip-\-amWv Iffv shfn-]m-Spw. Cu shfn-]mSnsâ XfnÀs¡m-¼n-en-cp¶v Imem«n IY a\-Ên-em-ImsX Ie Adn-bp-t¼mÄ Ic-bp-¶Xv Nn{X-ta-f-IÄ. Cu taf-¡m-gvN-bn-epw F\n¡v D­m-bn-cp¶ Iq«p-Im-scms¡ If-fn-\-Sn-s¸«v NneÀ IY-b-dn-bmsX Nn{Xw-I­p. aäv NneÀ ssIbn Imipw IY-bp-an-Ãm-sX.. IY-bp-­m-bn-«p-IqSn acp¶v Ign-¡msX acn¨ aäv NneÀ. A¿-¸m...

\nsâ amk-¯nÂXs¶ ho«n h¶tÃm Cu taf-bpsS Znh-k-§Ä... hfsc hn\-b-t¯msS Rmt\mÀ¡s« hn[n Ne-¨n-{X-ta-f-IÄ ImWn-¡p-t¼mÄ IY Pohn-X-am-Ip-¶Xv acn¨ ]e-scbpw Iq¼nb I®p-ambn a\-Êp-ambn HmÀ¯v ZpxJn-¡m³ Rm³ Cu I®v aqSnb I®p-\o-scm¸n Cu taf-sb-¡p-dn-t¨mÀ¯v taf-¸-Z-§Äh¨v If-fn\pw IY-bv¡p-an-Sbv¡v IY-bn-Ãm-Xmb NneÀ¡p-th­n Cu IhnX C§s\\nÀ¯-s«. \ng-ep-IÄ im]-hm-¡p-ambn Fsâ Npäp-ap-­v. Ah-cp-sS t]cv GXv `mc-hm-ln-I-fp-tS-Xm-sW-¦nepw Ne-¨n-{X-ta-f-bpsS `mcw Npa-¡m³ Ah-cm-cp-aÀl-c-söv Rm³ a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p. a\Êv ]d-bp-¶tX kXyw kXyw kX-yw.


teJ\w {]Zo]v cma³ 9447905346

]´n-t`m-P-\-¯nsâ ]£-t`-Z-§Ä al-¯mb HIvtSm-_À tkmjy-enÌv hn¹-h-¯n\pw A©p-amkw apt¼ tIc-f¯n cà-cq-£n-X-a-Ãm-sX \S¶ Hcp hn¹hw Xs¶-bm-bn-cp¶p an{i-t`m-P-\w. Ducp-hn-e-¡nsâ Zpcn-X-]Àh-§-fn \n¶p c£-t\-Sp-hm³ an{i-t`m-P-\¯n ]s¦-Sp-¯hcn ]ecpw ]©-Khyw Ign¨p ip²n-t\-Sn. F¶m Iip-h-­n-¡d sIm­v A`ntjIw, NmWIw sIm­pÅ Gdv, Ddp-¼n³Iq-Sp-sIm­pÅ Inco-S-w CsXms¡bmbncp¶p A¿¸\pIn«nb D]lmc§Ä.

ktlm-Z-c³ A¿-¸³

Km

Ôn-Pn-bpsS cmjv{Sob Kpcp-\m-Y³ tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW-tKm-J-se-tbmSv hntZ-in-bmb Hcp kmbv¸v Hcn-¡Â tNmZn¨p; ]d-b³ sh¨p-hn-f¼p¶ Hcp hncp-¶n\v tNcp-hm³ X¿m-dm-tWmsb¶v. aÕy-amw-km-Zn-I-sfm-¶p-ansÃ-¦n hncp-¶n-\v IqSp-¶-Xn hntcm[-an-söv tKmJse adp-]-Snbpw ]d-ªp. an{i-t`m-P-\s¯ C³Uy³ kap-Zmb ]cn-jvI-c-W-¯n-\pÅ D]m-[n-bm-bn-«mWv _p²n-am³amÀ ]cn-K-Wn-¨n-«p-Å-sX-¶-Xnsâ Ncn{X-km-£yamWnXv. tKmJ-sesb-t¸mse D¯-a-{_m-Ò-WÀ¡p ]d-b-t\m-sSm¯v kZy-bp-®m³ aSn-bn-Ã. F ¶m-en-hnsS Cug-hÀ ap-X-emb ]©-a-Pm-Xn-¡mÀ ]pe-b-tcm-sSm¯v ]´n-t`m-P\w- sN¿p-¶XvþIn-g¡m³ Xq¡mb FSp¯pNm«-sa-¶m-Wv B kap-Zm-b§-fpsS t\Xm¡³amsc¶v kzbw \Sn-¡p-¶-hÀ Icp-Xn-t¸m-cp-¶-Xv. CXv AÂ`p-X-Icw am{X-a-Ã, PpKp-]vkm-hlw IqSn-bm-Wv. {io\m-cm-bWKpcp-hn-t\-¡mÄ amlm ßyw NmÀ¯-s¸« injy-{]ap-J-\mWv ktlm-Z-c³ A¿-¸³.- {]hm-NI\pw hn¹h-Im-cnbpw X½n-epÅ Ah-Øm-´-c-§Ä Chcn-ep-­v. Kpcp Xt]m-h-\-¯n \n¶v Cd-§n-h¶Xv, km[m-cWP\-§-fn-te¡pw Ah-cpsS Pohn-X-{]-iv\-§-fnte-¡p-am-Wv. B ]¨-a-\p-jys\ C\n-bm-sc-¦nepw ssZh-ambn ImWp-¶p-s­ ¦n AhÀ a\p-jy-hn-cp-²-cm-sW¶v am{Xw Icp-Xnbm k`y-X-bn-sem-Xp-§pw. A¿-¸sâ hn¹-hm-ßI ZuXy-§-fn {]Y-a-]-cn-K-W-\o-b-am-Ip-¶-Xv, an{it`m-P-\-am-Wv. 1917 sabv 29-þmw Xob-Xn-bmWv Cu DZyaw {]hr-¯n-]-Y-¯n-se-¯p¶-Xv. hnhn[ PmXn-bnÂs¸«-hÀ H¶n-¨n-cp¶v `£Ww Ign¨ Hä-s¸« kw`-h§Ä CXn-\p-ap-¼p-ap-­m-bn-«p-­v. ]t£ Ah-sbm¶pw kmaq-ln-I-amb Ne-\-§fm-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. Hcp {]Øm-\-ambn ]´n-t`m-P-\s¯ hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn htc-Wy-hÀK-¯nsâ am{X-aà kz´w kap-Zm-b-¯n-sâbpw FXnÀ]p-Isf A¿¸\p t\cn-tS-­n-h¶p. km£m {io\m-cm-bWKpcpt]mepw A\p-Iq-en-¨n-cp ¶n-Ã, Fkv F³ Un ]n tbmKw P\-d sk{I-«-dn-bm-bn-cp¶ Ipam-c-\m-im\m Is« {]Xy-£-¯-n FXnÀ¡pIXs¶ sNbvXp. aäp-Å-hÀ¡m-bp-gm\pw \Sm\pw Iä-sIm-¿m\pw saXn-¡m\pw hn[n-¡-s¸« \nkz-hÀKs¯ D²-cn-¡p-hm \pw PmXn-hy-h-Øsb XIÀ¡p-hm-\p-apÅ ZrV-Nn-¯-X-tbm-sS-bmWv A¿-¸³ am-ÌÀ an{i-t`m-P-\-sa¶ hnkvt^m-S-\-¯n\p Xncn-sIm-fp-¯n-b-Xv. A¿-¸\pw At±-l-¯nsâ aq¯ ktlm-Z-cn-bpsS aI³ cma³]nÅbpw tNÀ¶v an{i-t`m-P \w \S-¯phm-\pÅ Hcp-¡-§Ä sNbvXp. amÌÀ¡v kaq-l-¯n e`n-¨p-sIm-­ncn-¡p¶ kvt\l_lpam-\-§Ä \jvS-am-Ip-sa¶v ]ecpw ap¶-dn-bn¸p \ÂIn. X\ns¡m¸w Nn´n-¡p¶ GXm\pw kvt\ln-X³amsc hnfn-¨p-Iq-«p-I-bmWv A¿-¸³ BZy-ambn sNbvX-Xv. ssh¸n³I-c-bnse BZy _ncp-Z-[m-cn-bmb A¿¸\v e`y-am-Ip-am-bn-cp¶ FÃm ku`m-Ky§fpw XyPn¨v Npäp-apÅ Pohn-X-§-fnte-¡mWv At±-l-¯nsâ ZrjvSn ]mªXv. kaq-l-¯nsâ ZpÀK-Xn-bn a\ws\m´ A¿-¸³ PmXn-hyh-Ø-tbmSv Gäp-ap-«m³ X-s¶-bmWv Xocp-am-\n-¨-Xv. sN¿p¶ IrXyw BZÀi-]-chpw kmaq-lnI ]ptcm-K-Xn¡v A\p-tbm-Pyhp-am-sW-¦n C¶-sÃ-¦n \msf AXn\v ]n´pW In«p-sa¶ hnizmkw At±l-¯n-\p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. AXp-sIm-­mWv At±lw thZm-´n-bm-ImsX IÀatbm Kn-bmbn kzbw amdn-b-Xv. amÌ-dpsS {]mtbm-KnI XrjvW-bn kvt\ln-X³amÀ A\p-N-c³am-cm-hp-I-bm-Wp-­m-b-Xv. Ch-cpsS ]n³_ew amÌsd IqSp-X IÀ tam³ap-J-\m-¡n. BZy-]-Sn-bmbn H¸-an-cp¶v Blmcw Ign-¡m³ ]pe-b-k-ap-Zmbmw-K-§sf £-Wn-¡Wambn-cp-¶p. ]t£ AX{X Ffp-¸-a-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. AhÀ ¡pw BNm-c-hn-e-¡p-IÄ ewLn-¡p-hm³ Ign-bn-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. amÌ-dpsS kvt\lnX-\mb sI sI ANyp-X³am-ÌÀ hgn B ZpÀL-S-k-Ônbpw Xc-Ww-sNbvXv c­v ]pe-b-¡n-Sm-§sf(h-tÅm³,-Nm-¯³) Is­-¯n. CXp-Iq-SmsX kaq-l-¯n t_m[-hÂI-cWhpw \S-t¯-­n-bn-cp-¶p. CXn-\mbn ]pd-s¸-Sp-hn¨ {]kvXm-h-\bn kÀh-{io. sI sI ANyp-X³, ]n F³ ANyp-X³, sI kn tI-i-h³, sI Ip-am-c³,- Xp-S-§n-b-h-cmWv H¸n-«n-cp-¶-Xv. sNdm-bn-bnse Xp­n-S-¸-d¼v F¶ kvYe-amWv an{i-t`m-P-\-sa¶ hn¹-h-¯n-\mbn ]cp-h-s¸-Sp-¯nb a®v. PmXn-k-

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

17


teJ\w {¼-Zm-b-¯nsâ tXmep-cn¨v XosIm-fp-¯p¶ {]kw-K-amWv A¿-¸³ AhnsS \SX-c-km-[m-c-W-am-Wv.- an-{i-t`m-P-\¯n-b-Xv. \ntj-[n-¡-s¸« Ah-Im-i-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v kwkm-cn-¡p-¶-hÀ BZyw, X ¯n ]s¦-Sp-¯-h-tcbpw Ah-tcm §-tf-¡mÄ Xmtg-¡n-S-bn-epÅ kap-Zm-b-§Ä¡v AXv A\p-h-Zn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡Sp _Ô-s¸-«-h-tcbpw {`jvS-cm-¡p-¶Ww.- A-t¸m-gtà a\p-jy-Xz-s¯-¡p-dn¨v kwkm-cn-¡m-\m-hp-I-bp-Åq. Cu \ymbw Xv, hnÚm-\-hÀ[n\n k` Hcp {] AwKo-I-cn-¡p-¶-hÀ B kwcw-`-t¯mSv kl-I-cn-¡-W-sa¶ amkvä-dpsS A`yÀ Jym-]nX e£y-am-bn-¡-­p. sNdm Y\ kZÊv s\t©än hm§p-I-bm-bncp¶p. bn \nhm-kn-bmb NmWm-tÈcn I­ an{i-t`m-P-\-¯n\v kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw Iep-jn-X-amb {]Xym-Lm-X-§-fpsâ hnhm-l-¯n\v ktlm-Z-c-t\m­m-bn. PmXn-t¡m-a-c-§Ä Dd-ªp-Xp-Ånbt¸mÄ Nn´n-¡p-¶-h-cpsS t_m[-asSm¸w D®m-\n-cp¶ Ggp-t]Às¡-Xn WvU-e-¯n Hcp shÅn-sh-fn-¨-ambn AXv amdp-Ibpw sNbvXp. bmYm-Øn-Xn-Isc ]n¶oSv `c-W-k-anXn in£m-\-S-]cpsS {]Xn-I-c-W-§Ä `oI-c-am-bn-cp-¶p. ]t£ amÌÀ, Xm³ sImfp-¯n-bXv sI Sn-IÄ kzoI-cn-¨p. ktlm-Z-c³ h¶nSm-hn-f-¡mbn Icp-Xn-h¨v Xo¸-´-§-fm-¡n. AXv \qdm-bncw ssIbp-IÄ ht¶-äpcp¶ ]´n-bn \n¶v `qcn-`m-Kw-t] hm-§p-Ibpw sNbvXp. hym]-I-ambn an{i-t`m-P\]cn-]m-Sn-IÄ kwL-Sn-¸n-¨pcpw Fgp-t¶-äp-t]m-bn. ]pe-t¨m-hsâ sIm­v At±lw apt¶-dn-s¡m-­n-cp-¶p. sNdm-bn-bnse CughcpsS kwL-S-\kao- ] ¯ncp¶v F§s\kZy- b p bmb hnÚm-\-hÀ[n-\n- k`bpsS `c-W-k-an-Xnsb Cu kcw`w hÃmsX hnj®pw F¶m-bn-cp¶p Ah-cp-sS-sbm a¯n-em-¡n. Hcp-an¨v t\cn-Sp-hm³ Xs¶ AhÀ Xocp-am-\n-¨p. an{i-t`m-P-\-¯n s¡ at\m-`m-hw. ktlm-Z-csâ IqsS]s¦-Sp¯ ho«p-ImÀs¡-Ãm-sa-Xnsc Ducp-hn-e-t¡Às¸-Sp-¯n. A¡m-es¯ bn-cp¶v `£Ww Ign-¨-Xnsâ t]cn kw_Ôn¨n-S-t¯mfw AXy-km-[m-cW kw`-h-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p, Ch-sbm-s¡. an  {`jvSv IÂ]n-¡-s¸« Ggp-t]-tcm{i-t`m-P\]cn-]m-Sn-s¡m¸w cq]-sa-Sp¯ ktlm-Z-c-kwLw ZuXy-¯n \n¶v sSm-¸-an-cp¶v asämcp kZy-bn ]¦]n³am-dn-bnÃ; IqSp-X ià-ambn apt¶m-«p-sIm-­p-t]m-bn. tIc-f-¯nsâ km Sp-¯hcpsSt]cnepw {`jvSv I¸naq-lnI Ncn-{X-¯n amä-§-fpsS Hcp kp{]-[m\\mgn-I-I-Ãmbn an{i-t`m-P ¡p-hm³ Cu {io \w amdn. aämÀ¡pw, {io\m-cm-b-W-Kp-cp-hn-\p-t]mepw Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sm-\m\m-cm-b-Wo-bÀ Xp hm¯ Øm\-e-_v[n-bmWv s]mXp-k-aq-l-¯n A¿-¸\p­mb-Xv. \n- ª p- s h- ¶ - X m Ducp-hn-e-¡nsâ Zpcn-X-]Àh-§-fn \n¶p c£-t\-Sp-hm³ Wv Nn´-\o-bw. an{i-t`m-P-\-¯n ]s¦-Sp-¯hcn ]ecpw ]©-Khyw Ign¨p ip F¶m an{i-t`m-P²n-t\-Sn. _m¡n-bp-Å-hÀ AXnsâ IjvS-\-jvS-§Ä kln¨v sN \hpw ktlm-Z-cdp-¯p-\n¶p. kap-Zm-b-¯nsâ Cu \nµy-{]-hr-¯nsb þkwL-Nkw-Lhpw D¸-XncnXw þ F¶ Hm«³XpÅ-en-eqsS A¿-¸³ th­-t]mse {]l-cnjvWp-¡-fn kzm ¡p-¶p-­v. ]e Øe-§-fnepw bmYm-Øn-Xn-I-cpsS {]Xn-I-c-W [o\w sNep-¯p-I §Ä B{I-a-W-§-fmbn amdn-bn-«p-­v. aq¯-Ip-¶¯v NneÀ Iipbpw \nc-h[n sNdph-­n-¡d sIm­v A¿-¸s\ A`n-tjIw sNbvXp. H¸w NmWIw ¸-¡mÀ PmXn D³ sIm­pÅ Gdpw. sImSp-§-ÃqÀ temI-a-te-iz-c¯v Ddp-¼n³Iq-Spaq- e \w e£y- a m sIm­v A¿-¸s\ Inco-S-a-Wn-bn-¨p. Rmd-bv¡Â h¨v HcmÄ ¡n ]pXp-kw-L-§ I¯n-sIm­v Ip¯m³ {ian-¨p. hS-¡³ ]d-hqÀ ]Ãp-´p-cp-¯n ġp cq]w-sIm-Sp{]kw-Kn-¨m sImÃp-sa¶v `oj-Wn-bp-­m-bn. F¶m ka-Nn¯p. PmXo-b-amb ¯-X-tbm-sS-bmWv e£y-t_m-[-apÅ Hcp hn¹-h-Imcn F¶ \nethÀXn-cnhv hyÀYbn Cu `ojWn-I-sf-sbÃmw t\cn-«-Xv. þB-ZÀis¡m-Sp-ap-Sn-bn am- s W¶ D¯- a  Ibdn \n¶v {]hr-¯n-tem-I-t¯bv¡v Ingp¡mw Xq¡mbn Nm t_m-[y-¯n kw Sn Bß-lXy sN¿-cp-sX-¶mWv A¶s¯ Fkv F³ Un ]n Lw {]hÀ¯-IÀ {io\m-cm-bWKpcpP\-d sk{I-«-dn-bm-bn-cp¶ alm-Ihn Ipam-c-\m-im³ sNdm-bnhtcWy lnµp-¡bnse sNdp-¸-¡msc D]-tZ-in-¨-Xv. CtX-k-abw an{i-t`m-P-\s¯ fpsS hc-«p-XXz§ A\p-Iq-en-¨p-sIm­v kn Ir-jvW³ anX-hm-Zn-bn kpZoÀL-amb teJ\sa-gpsf DÃw-Ln-¡p-I Xs¶-sb¶v Dd¨p Xn. Bimsâ A`n-{]m-b-¯n\v A¿-¸³ Np« adp-]-Snbpw \ÂIn. CtX XpSÀ¶v Xocp-am-\n-¨p. CXn-s\-¯p-SÀ¶v Pm Bim³ Xsâ \ne-]mSv Ah-k-c-hm-Z-]-c-am¡n Xncp-¯n. 1913-þ sImÃ-¯p-h¨v Xnlnµp-¡-fmb Cug-hcpw aäpw \S¶ Fkv F³ Un ]n tbmK-¯nsâ 20þmw hmÀjn-I-¯n \S-¯nb A[y£ tNÀ¶v ktlm-Z-cs\ \mSp-I-S-¯pI {]kw-K-¯n-eqsS A¿-¸-s\bpw ktlm-Z-c-kw-L-s¯bpw apà-IWvTw {]iwF¶ e£y-t¯msS hnÚm-\kn-¨p. 1921þsabv 15-þ-\v -B-ep-hm-bn tNÀ¶ ka-kvX-tI-cf ktlm-Z-c-kw-LhÀ[n\n `c-W-k-an-Xn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz¯nsâ hmÀjn-I-k-t½-f-\-¯nÂh¨v \mcm-b-W-Kpcp \ÂInb alm-k-tµ-ihpw ¯n Cug-h-{]-am-Wn-amÀ sIm¨n-cmA¿-¸-\pÅ {]iw-km-]-{X-am-bn. Pm-hns\ apJw ImWn-¡m³ Xocp-amkwip-²-amb s]mXp-Po-hn-X-¯n-\p-S-a-bm-bn-cp¶ A¿-¸-s\-Xnsc B \n-¨p. h¶-hÀ Cug-h-cm-b-Xp-sIm­v t£-]-§Ä sNmcn-bpI km[y-am-bn-cp-¶n-sÃ-¦nepw ]mc-¼-cy-hm-Zn-Ifpw Ah-cp PmXo-b-amb A\m-Nm-c-§Ä t_m[nsS ]nWn-bm-fp-Ifpw tNÀ¶v A¿-¸sâ {]hr-¯n-IÄ Kpcp-hn\pw CjvS-am-bn-sà ¸n-¡ms\¯n-bXm-Im-sa¶v IcpXn, ¶p hcp-¯n-¯oÀ¡p-hm-\pÅ {iaw \S-¯n. CXnsâ `mKambn hnÚm-\-hÀ A¿-¸³ XpS-§n-h-¨n-cn-¡p¶ kmaq[n\n k`-bpsS sk{I-«dn Hcp t\m«okv ]pd-¯n-d-¡n. F¶m Beph AssZz lnI ]cn-jv¡-cW{ia-§sf hm Xm-{i-a-¯nÂh¨v A¿-¸³ Kpcp-hns\ I­-t¸mÄ aµ-lm-k-t¯m-sS-bpÅ Kpcpt\mfw ]pI-gv¯nb cmPmhv AXn-\phnsâ hm¡p-IÄ A¿¸\v km´z-\hpw t{]mÕm-l-\-hp-am-bn-cp-¶p.- -F-Xn-cp-Imth­ \S-]-Sn-IÄ ssIs¡m-Åm-sa cpsS Adn-hp-tI-Sn\v am¸v \ÂIm³ Hcn-¡epw aSn-¡-cp-sX¶pw tbip-{In-kvXp-hn¶v Dd¸p \ÂIp-Ibpw sNbvXp. kz s\-t¸mse £an-¡-Wsa-¶p-amWv Kpcp D]-tZ-in-¨-Xv. al-¯mb HIvtSm-_À bw Cfn-`y-cmb Cug-h-{]-am-Wn-amÀ tkmjy-enÌv hn¹-h-¯n\pw A©p-amkw apt¼ tIc-f¯n cà-cq-£n-X-a-ÃmX§-fpsS kv¡qfn-\m-h-iy-amb acsX \S¶ Hcp hn¹hw Xs¶-bm-bn-cp¶p an{i-t`m-P-\w. tIc-f-¯nsâ ]ptcm-K-a¯-Sn-IÄ Xc-s¸-Sp¯n Øew-hn-Sp-It\m³apJ taÂhn-emkw cq]-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn an{i-t`m-P\w hln¨ ]¦v A\nbm-bn-cp-¶p.

18

Infn¸ - m«v


Btábmkv{Xw sN½-\w-Nmt¡m

ho­pw \pIw

D

ghpw Ignªv Imf-Isf Ipfn-¸n-¡m³ hr²-IÀj-I³ s]cn-bm-dnsâ Xocs¯-¯p-¶p. s]cn-bm-dnse shffw hntZ-i-Ip-¯I¡¼-\n-IÄ¡v ASnbdhbv¡p¶ Icm-sd-gp-Xm³ kÀ¡mÀ eh-en \o¡w \S-¡p-¶Xpw, A Xn-s\-Xntc _lp-P-\-{]-Xn-tj[w Db-cp-¶Xpw Adn-bmsX B ]pg Hgp-Ip-¶p. \pIwh¨ _Ô\w amdn-¡n-«nb DSs\ sImSpw-Zm-l-¯m he-ªn-cn-¡p¶ an­m-{]m-Wn-IÄ c­pw BÀ¯n-tbmsS ]pg-bn-te-bvt¡m-Sp-¶p. shfn-bn-te¡p hcp¶ \mhpw tam´bpw shf-f-¯n ap«n¨v `qan-bpsS Ir]m-arXw Bthmfw ]m\w sN¿p-¶p. ""C\nbpw IpSn-t¨mfq, a¡tf!'' F¶ a«n ]pg I\n-hmÀ¶p ho­pw ho­pw Npc-¯n-s¡m-Sp-¡p-¶p. B k-a-bw-sIm­v D-g-hp-Im-c-\mb hr²³ I¯n-¡m-fp¶ hni-¸p-ambn shf-f-¯n-en-d§n t\ªnepw \pIhpw IgpInhr¯n-bm-¡p-¶p. CSw-tXm-fn tXm¡pw Xq¡n-bn«v bqWnt^mw[mcn-bmb HcmÄ, _lp-cmjv{S-Ip-¯-I-¡-¼-\n-¡mÀ \ÂIp¶ DÑnjvSw ISn-¨o¼n apc-§p¶ ip\I-s\t¸mse, ssII-fn cko-Xp-_p¡p-ambn AhnsS F¯p-¶p. AbmÄ ]dªp:þ ""ImÀt¶mtc, Imen-IÄ c­p-IqSn Dt±iw ap¸-Xp-enäÀ shffw Df-fn-em-¡n-bn-«p­v. s]cn-bmÀ Icm-dp-ImÀ C¶se apX shffw enä-sdm-¶n\p ]Xn-s\-«c cq] hne-bm-¡n-bXv AdnªpImWp-a-tÃm. BsI Aªq-än-A-¼-¯©v Ddp-¸n-Ibmbn''. AbmÄ _ps¡-Sp¯v cko-sX-gp-Xm³ Bcw-`n-¨p. hr²-IÀj-I³ ]I-¨p-\n-¶p. Iem-Imew Xsâ ap¶n AXnsâ Xpdp-¸p-No«v Cd-¡p-¶pthm? ]mh-¯m³ Xsâ ]gInb _p²n-im-e-bn X¸n-¯n-cªv Hcp bpàn Is­-¯p-¶p. IÀj-I-hr-²³ ]dªp:þ ""\m¡m-en-IÄ c­p-amWv ]pg-bnÂ\n¶pw shffw IpSn-¨-Xv. Ccp-Im-en-bmb Rm³ Hcp Xpffn shf-fw-t]m epw IpSn-¨n-Ã. IpSn-¨-hÀ AXm, \n¡p-¶p. IpSn-¨-h-cpsS ]¡Â\n¶pw

IgptX, shf-f-¡mip taSn-t¨mfq!'' A[n-£n-]vX-\mb bqWnt^mw [mcn aZ-an-f-Inbhs\t¸mse tXmfn Â\n¶pw tXms¡-Sp-¡p-¶p. tXm s¡-Sp¯v Imf-bpsS t\tc Nq­n Im©n-bn ssIh-bv¡p¶p. AXpI­v DtZz-K-amÀ¶ IÀj-I³ shSn¸mbn IgpIn ssIbn h¨n-cn-¡p¶ \pIw-sIm­v Bª-Sn¨v AXnio{Lw tXm¡p shf-f-¯n hogn¡p-¶p. Df-fn Xo ]nSn¨ tIc-f-]ucsâ ssIbnse \pIw bqWn-t^mansâ apI-fn-embn Db-cp¶p! s]meo-kp-h¶p. th{µ-·m-cmb I¼-\n-ta-[m-hn-Ifpw F¯n. cwKw hnNm-cn-¨-a-«-Ã.. Ah-cpsS \mep-Np äpw \mS³ \pI-§Ä Db-cp-¶p. Hcp a{´n-bpw, IcmÀ H¸ph¨ a{´n-t]m epw, At§m«v F¯n-t\m-¡n-bn-sö-XmWv ip`-hmÀ-¯. "F\n¡v F sâ A½-¨nsb ImWWw' F¶p apd-hn-fn-bn«v B D¯-c-·mÀ FÃm-t] cpw Øewhn«p-t]mepw!

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_p²]£w {]nb

_u²-kw-kvImcw Hcp ]T\w (Xp-SÀ¨)

_u

² ImeL«s¯ A\pkvacn¸n¡p¶ hn[¯n XncphSn t£ {X¯n am\knItcmKnIÄ¡pw, XIgn t£{X¯n IpjvT tcmKnIÄ¡pw Ct¸mgpw NnInÂk \nÝbn¡p¶p­v. Xncp¸Xn, AP´, FtÃmd, ]pcn, _Zco\mYv, a[pc, Atbm[y, irwtKcn, t_m[Kb, kmc\mYv, \fµ, {iossiew, i_cnae XpS§nb \nch[n _p²hnlmc§fmWv lnµp t£{X§fmbn amäs¸«Xv. A¼e¸pgbv¡Sp¯v Icn¦Ãn ]WnX _p² {]Xna IcpamSn¡p«³ F¶ t]cnednbs¸Sp¶p. F«mw iXIw apX 11þmw iXIt¯mSpIqSn a{´X{´§fneqsS kmaq lyambpw, PmXobambpw tIcfs¯ X§fpsS hcpXnbnem¡n £{Xnbsc bpw iq{Zscbpw Iq«n NmXpÀhÀWyw kvYm]n¡m³ Bcy {_mÒWÀ¡p Ign ªp. Ggmw iXIw hsc hnhn[ hÀK§Ä Hcp PmXnbmbn IgnbpIbpw hnth N\tam, hn`mKobXtbm, hntZzjtam CÃmsX Pohn¡pIbpw sNbvXncp¶p. B kaql¯n PmXnIfneqsS P\hn`mK§sf thÀXncn¡m³ DÅ {ia §Ä {]mYanIambn \S¶p. hnÃhÀ, Xo¿À, CughÀ, I½mfÀ, Bb³amÀ, sh ÅmfÀ, IpdhÀ, ]pebÀ, ]dbÀ, ]mWÀ, ap¡phÀ, NmenbÀ, tIm\mÀ F¶n hÀ tIcf¯n Ggmw \qäm­phscbp­mbncp¶p. A¶p­mbncp¶ \mSphm gnIfpw cmPm¡³amcpw, ]qPmcnIfpw Cu hÀK¡mcmbncp¶p. Xncph©n¡pf ¯n\Sp¯pÅ h©nbn hmWncp¶ cmPm¡³amsc £{Xnbcm¡n kqcyhw ihpambn tNÀ¡pIbmbncp¶p \¼qXncnamÀ BZyw sNbvXX.v hnÃhcmb tNccmPm¡³amcpw, CSbcmbncp¶ Bbv cmPm¡³amcpw AcNÀ PmXnbn s¸«hÀ Bbncp¶p. F«mw \qäm­mbt¸mtgbv¡pw tNccmPm¡³amÀ £{Xn bcmbn XocpIbmWp­mbXv. kam´c cmPm¡³amsc £{Xnbcm¡pIsb ¶Xmbncp¶p {_mÒWsâ ASp¯{iaw. I®À, s]mdb³, t]mg³, Nm¯³ XpS§nb \mSphmgnIÄ ]¯mwiXI ¯nep­mbncp¶ Bb³amÀ apX Nm¯³amÀhsc A¶s¯ cmPm ¡³amcpsS KW¯nÂs¸«ncp¶p. ]n¶oSv Ahscbpw £{Xnbcm¡n. A¶s¯¡me¯v cmPm¡³am cpsSbpw \¼qXncnamcpsSbpw {] tXyI {]oXn¡v ]m{Xo`hn¨m BÀ¡pw £{Xnb³amcmbn Xo cmambncp¶p. Xmgv¯s¸«hsc BZyw cmPXzw \ÂIn £{Xnb \m¡pItbm, £{XnbXzw \ In cmPmhm¡pItbm sN¿pam bncp¶p. XpSÀ¶v ZoÀLmbpÊn \pw, i{Xp]oVbp­mImXncn ¡m\pw bp²hnPb¯n\pw, Ip Spw_t£a¯n\pw cmPyc£ bv¡pw th­n a{´X{´§fpw bmK§fpw ]qPIfpw \S¯n s¡m­ncp¶p. ]mWscbpw Ip td¡mew {_mÒWcm¡n Icp Xnbncp¶p. AXn\ptijw Ah scbpw ]pdw XÅn Iotgmcmbn {] Jym]n¨p. hngnª¯p­mbncp¶ bmZhcpw, sImÅnaebnse ]db cpw {_mÒWaX¯n ASnbpd¸n

20

Infn¸ - m«v

¨p. AXn\ptijw AhÀ¡v kwkv IrX¯n t]cpIfpw \ÂIn. kqcy Ipew, N{µIpew, AánIpew F¶n §s\ GXp kapZmb¯nÂs¸«h cmbncp¶mepw FÃm \mSphmgnIsf bpw £{XnbPmXnbm¡pIbpw AXnsâ ^eambn tNcÀ¡pw, \mSmÀ kapZmbt¯mSp­mbncp¶ _豈 CÃmXmhpIbpw, ]gb kapZmb¡mÀs¡Xnsc Xo­Â F¶ PmXymNmc§Ä \S¸nem¡p ¶sXmcp cmP[Àaambn amdpIbpw sNbvXp. tIcf¯n F«mwiXIw hsc £{Xnbtcm, ]¯mwiXIw hsc iq {Ztcm D­mbncp¶nÃ. 12þmw \qäm ­phsc \mb³amÀ tIcf¯nep ­mbncp¶psh¶Xn\v bmsXmcp sXfnhpanÃ. ]n¶oSv BbÀ, CSbÀ, thfmfÀ, adhÀ F¶nhcn \n¶p amWv \mb³amcpsS DÂ`hsa¶m Wv ]dbs¸Sp¶Xv. PmXn Xs¶ Hcp anYybmsW ¶pw AXv XnI¨pw Aimkv{Xobam sW¶pw ]e ]pcmW§fpw hnfn¨ dnbn¡p¶p. GsX¦nepw Hcp PmXn sb ]cnip²ambn ImWm³ Ignbp IbnÃ. Gsd alXvhÂIcn¡s¸«n cn¡p¶ PmXnIfpw A[aXzw I ]n¡p¶ PmXnIfpw X½nemWv IqSp X k¦e\w \S¶n«pÅXv. inh³, {_Òmhv, hnjvWp, Irjv W³ EjnamÀ XpS§nbhÀ ]dªn «pÅtXm Asæn imkv{X§fn tem, KoXbntem ]dªn«pÅXv hn izkn¡pIbpw AX\pkcn¨v \S ¯m\pamWv lnµpaXw Bhiys¸ Sp¶Xv. _p²nkhpw lnµpbnkhpw X½nepÅ ASnØm\XXz§fnse sshcp[yanXmWv. _p²sâ ImeL «w bmYmØnXnIaX¯nsâ kzm [o\¯n {_mÒWta[mhnXz¯n tâXmbncp¶p. amam¦w {io_p²sâ P·Zn\BtLmjsa ¶ \nebn BNcn¨ph¶ Hcp {] [m\atlmÂkhambncp¶p amam¦ (tijw 23þmw t]PnÂ)


ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX Un hn A\nÂIp-amÀ 9496278364

Iem-Im-c-\p-Npäpw {]`m-h-ebw XoÀ¯v Znhy-\m¡n, DbÀ¶ ]oT-¯n {]Xn-jvTn¨,v A\y-\m-¡p¶ ]gb Nn´m-K-Xn-bpsS _lnÀK-a\w Xs¶-bmWv ChnsS ImWm-\m-Ip-¶-Xv. Cu k¦p-Nn-X-amb Nn´m-[mc-bn \n¶psIm­v a\p-jy\v BapJw FgpXm³ {ian-¨-Xp-sIm-­mWv a\p-jy³ CXc taJ-e-I-fn \S-¯p¶ kÀKm-ßI hym]mc-§-tfbpw CS-s]-S-ep-I-tfbpw t\mh-enÌn\v ImWm³ Ign-bmsX t]mbXv.

a

\p-jy³ acWapÅ-h-\m-Wv. "a\p-jy-s\m-cmapJw' F¶ kp`mjv N{µsâ t\mh "a\pjys\' hnh-cn-¡m-\pÅ ]cn-{i-a-am-Wv. a\p-jy³ ]e-XpamW.v Hmtcm a\p-jy\pw hy-Xy-kvX-\mWv. ]t£ Ah s\ H¶mbn ]cn-K-Wn-¡m³ t{]cn-¸n-¡p¶ Nne {]tXy-IX-I-sf-¦n-ep-ap-­v. `mj-tbbpw kwkvIm-c-t¯bpw kr jvSn¨, kmaq-ly-Po-hn-bmb a\p-jy³. Nncn-¡p¶ arKw. Nn´n-¡p¶ arKw. "ssewKnI Pohn-bmb' a\p-jy³. C§s\ a\p-jysâ hnh-c-W-§Ä \nc-h-[n-bm-Wv. kp`mjv N{µ³ Xsâ Bßm-hnsâ Awi-apÅ PntX{µ³ F¶ IYm]m{X-¯nsâ IpSpw-_-IY ]d-bp-¶-XneqsS a\p-jy³ ASn-Øm-\-]-c-ambn BcmWv F¶ At\z-j-Whpw ]cn-tim-[-\bpw \S-¯p-I-bm-Wv. \qdp-hÀjs¯ a\pjy-Po-hn-Xs¯ \qdn-te-sd-IYm-]m-{X-§-fn-eqsS \mÂ]Xv A[ym-b-§-fn-embn hn h-cn-¡p¶p. a\p-jys\ CX-c-Po-hn-I-fn \n¶v hy XykvX\m¡p-¶Xv Ahsâ kÀKm-ß-I-X-bm-sW ¶ D¯at_m[y-¯n-emWv t\mh cNn-¨n-cn-¡p¶-Xv. tIc-fobsâ kmaq-ly-Po-hn-X-¯n tIc-fob\v Cu kÀKm-ß-IX \jvS-am-bn-cn-¡p¶p F¶Xm Wv t\mh c-Nn-¡m³ t\mh-en-Ìns\ t{]cn¸n-¨-Xv. \mw "Ipųam-cpsS' kap-Zm-b-ambn amdnbn-cn-¡p-¶p. kÀKm-ß-IX \jvS-s¸-Sp-¯nb "a\p-jy³' kzbw a\p-jy-\-Ãm-Xmbn amdp¶p F¶-XmWv t\mh-enÌv Øm]n-¡m-\m-{K-ln-¡p¶ Bi-bw. "]qÀW hfÀ¨-sb-¯msX acn-¨p-t]m-Ip¶ Htcsbmcp Pohn-bmWv a\pjy³'þ F¶v Øm]n-¡pI t\mh-en-Ìnsâ e£y-am-Wv. ]qÀW hfÀ¨-sb-¶m P\-\m Xs¶ kÀKm-ß-I-Xbpw sIm­v ]nd-¡p¶ a\p-jy-\nse kÀKm-ß-IX-bpsS ]qÀW-h-fÀ¨-bm-Wv. AXv kw`-hn-¡m-sX-t]mbn F¶-XmWv PntX{µ sâ ]cm-P-b-ambn t\mh-enÌv Nq­n¡mWn-¡p-¶Xv. kmaq-lnIPohn, kmwkv ImcnI Pohn F¶o \ne-I-fn-seÃmw Abm-fpsS Pb-]-cm-P-b-§Ä t\mh-enÌn\v A{X Nn´-\o-b-ambn tXm¶n-bn-«n-Ã. ssewKn-I-X-bv¡mbn PntX-{µ³ (C-{µs\ Pbn¨-h³) Pohn-X-t¯bpw kÀKm-ß-I-Xsbbpw \jvS-s¸-Sp-¯n-sb-¶-XmWv ]cm-Xn. C{µob-§sf Pbn-¨-h-\m-IW-am-bn-cp¶p F¶ `mc-Xo-b-amb BZÀik¦-Â]-t¯mfw t\mh-enÌv imTyw ]nSn-¡p-¶n-Ã.

a\p-jysâ kÀKm-ß-I-X-bm Wv Gähpw t{ijvT-sa-¦n AXn\v XS-Ê-ap-­m-¡p¶ i{Xp ssewKn-I-X-X-s¶bm-Wv. \mdm-]n-Åsb ]m]n-bm¡n amäp-¶Xv AXn-cp-I-S¶ ssew Kn-I-X-bm-Wv. ]pkv X-I-hm-b-\bpw Fgp¯p-amWv Gähpw henb kÀKm-ß-I-X. \mdm-]nÅ ]pkvXIw hen-s¨-dn-bp-¶-h-\m-Wv. "sXm«p-Iq-Smbva' AbmÄ ¡v "Imfn-s¸-®n-t\mSv' cm {Xn D­m-Im-dn-Ã. saXn-Xp-S§n-bm ]ns¶ \mdm-]n-ÅbpsS sImbv¯pIme-am-Wv. Im cWw Imfn-s¸®v At¸m-gmWv Nmbv¸n Xma-k-am-¡p-¶X.v "s]e-¡-Ån¡v', s]e-bn-Ã-tÃm F¶ `mcy-bpsS tNmZyw Abm sf Ae-«p-s¶m¶pan-Ã. \mdm-]nÅbv¡v N½-cs¯ A½n-Wn-b½-bp-ambpw Nnäap­v. i¦-csâ ktlm-Z-cn-bmb Xmbn-«p-I-c-bn se Ip´n \mdm-]nÅ acn-¨-t¸m Ä hmhn-«p-I-c-ª-Xmbpw t\mhenÌv tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p-­v. \m «n sshZypXn h¶-t¸mÄ \m dm-]nÅ XmÂ]cyw ImWn-¨n-Ã. AXn\pw AbmÄ¡v hyà-amb XXz-Nn-´-bp­v. AXpw ssewKnI-X-bp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«-XmWvþ 'shfn¨¯vsN¿m³ ]ä-W-sXm ¶pw cm{Xn-bn-en-ÃtÃm a\p-jyÀ ¡v' F¶-Xm-Wv. ssewKn-IX Hcp Akp-J-am-sW¶pw t\mhen kqN-\-bp-­v. Cu Akp-J¯n\v "ISp¡'bmWv Hcn-¡Â Ipdn¸-Sn-bmbn \mdm-]n-Åbv¡v hn[n-¡s¸-«Xv. AXv hmbn¨v a\-Ên-em-¡nb AbmÄ AXv s]«n-bn h¨v ]q«n. ssewKn-IX AS-¡m³ Ign-bm-¯Xm-sW¶v \mdm-]nÅ ]d-bp-¶p-ap­v. ssewKn-I-X-bpsS i{Xp-hm-W tÃm kÀKm-ß-I-X. tKmhn-µ³ Xsâ kÀKm-ß-I-Xsb hfÀ¯m³ {ian¨Xv hmb-\-bn-eq-sSbpw ]T-\-¯n-eq-

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

21


ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX sS-bp-am-Wv. AXn\p th­n AÑs\ XÃm³ hsc Ah³ X¿m-dm-Ip-¶p. B hyk\w Ah³ Ihn-X-bm¡n am äp-¶p. hmb-\-bn-eqsS kÀKm-ß-I-X sb hf-À-¯nb Ah\pw ]qÀW hfÀ ¨-sb-¯n-bn-Ã. IpSpw_ _Ô-§-fn  apgpIn PohnXw HSp-¡n-¡-f-ªp. Ah\v ]pkvX-I-§Ä \ÂIn hmb-\bpsS kzÀKw ]Wn-Xp-\ÂInb A Nyp-X³tat\m\pw CtX A\p-`hw ]¦p-sh-bv¡p-¶p-­v. Ipän-¸pg hnhmln-X-\m-ImsX kÀKm-ß-IXbv¡v ]qÀWX \ÂIm³ {ian-¨p-sIm-­ncp-¶-t¸mÄ kplr-¯mb tat\m³ Xsâ Ign-hp-Isf IpSpw-_-`m-c-¯n\n-S-bn ad-¨p-I-f-ªp. ]Tn-¸pÅ `À¯m-hns\sI«n a¡sf ]Tn-¸n¨v Ah-cpsS kÀKm-ß-IX hfÀ¯-Wsa¶ Ipªp-h-½-bpsS H¶m-as¯ kz]v\w s]men-ªp. c­m-as¯ kz]v\w tKmhn-µ-\n-eqsS k^-e-ambn. ]t£, Ah\pw "]qÀW hfÀ¨sb-¯msX' s]men-ªp-t]m-bn. ssewKn-I-X- krjvSn-¡p¶ A]I-S-§Ä Ahn-Sw-sIm­pw Xocp-¶nÃ. sIm¨p ]c-ip-hnsâ aI³ hniz\m-Ysâ kzX-{´-ssew-Kn-I-X-bmWv "Ae-¼qcn' F¶ FÃm-h-cp-tSbpw A\p-I¼ ]nSn¨p ]äp¶ IYm-]m-{X s¯ krjvSn-¡p-¶Xv. AÑsâ ]Wsa-Sp¯v N½-cs¯ A½n-Wn-b-½-bp sS aIÄ efn-X-bp-am-bpÅ thgvN¡v {]Xn-^ew \ÂIp¶ hniz-\m-Y³; hnjvWp-hnsâ hn{Klw ]ngp-Xp-amän AhnsS XpWn-hn-cn-¨mWv sa¯-sbmcp-¡p-¶-Xv. H¶padn-bm¯ hmkp-tZh³ \¼q-Xncnsb hn{K-l-an-f-¡nb \Ivk-sse-ämbn s]meokv Nn{Xo-Icn-¨p. s]meokv aÀZ-\-¯n HcmÄ IqSn {`m´-\m-bn. A§s\ ssewKnIX krjvSn¨ cà-km-£n-bmWv "Ae-¼qcn' F¶ hmkp-tZ-h³. CtX hmkp-tZ-h³ Ip«n-bm-bn-cp¶ PntX{µ\v ]pcp-jsâ "hn¯v k©n' hnXbv¡p¶ hn]-¯n-s\-¡p-dn¨v ¢mkv FSp-¡p-¶p-­v. ssewKn-IX a\p-jy-\nse t{i jvT-amb hnIm-c-a-sö [mc-Wsb Dd-¸n¡pw hn[w t\mh-enÌv ]e k µÀ`-§fpw Nn{Xo-I-cn-¨n-«p-­v. ]pXps¸-®mb X¦-aWn Hcp Nn{X-i-e`w t]mse ]mdn \S-¶p. ]t£, `À¯m hv "Znhy\' söv Ahsf t_m[ys¸-Sp-¯n-bXv KÀ`-e-£-W-amb OÀ Zn-bm-W-t{X. kz´w A½ acn-¡p¶ ka-b¯v aq¶m-dn a[p-hn-[p -BtLm-jn-¨ncp¶ ]¦-Pm-£³ s]m-eokn\v Cu ]m]-t_m[w ssIhn-Sm³ Ign-bp-¶n-Ã. Abm-fpsS aI³ iinbm-Is« ]Wn-¡mcn dt_-¡-bpsS XpWn aW-¡p-¶p. "aq¶m-dn \ns¶-

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Infn¸ - m«v

¯nb IÅn-s¨Sn' F¶mWv t\mh-enÌv iinsb hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. CtX iin sNm¢n-bpsS hn¯p-Im-f-bpsS "ssew KnI kwKaw' Hfn-ªp-\n¶v ImWp-¶p. "hen-sbmcp Ipäw!' C{Xbpw "]m]'§ Ä sNbvXp Iq«nb iin sXmgn-emfnh ÀK -t\Xm-hmbn, X¨-\-¡c ]©m-b¯nse Gähpw {]mbw Ipdª sa¼dmbn ; ]ns¶ ]©m-b¯v {]kn-Uâpam-bn. {][m-\-I-Ym-]m-{X-amb PntX-{µ-sâ bpw "]cm-Pbw' AbmÄ kÀKm-ß-IXsb ]qÀW-am-¡n-bnà F¶XmWv. 54þmw hb-Ên acn-¨-Xp-sIm-­Ã AbmÄ t{^mbnUv ]qÀW-\m-Im-¯-Xv. ""Rm³ Xn¶p IpSn-¨p, t`mKn-¨p, Pohn-¨p, acn¨p ... Bbncw arK -Pm-Xn-Isf-t¸m-se.... ac-Ws¯ AXn-Po-hn-¡m³ Rm³ F´p sNbvXp? CÃ, F\n-¡p¯-c-ap-­m-bn-Ã.''þ F¶v hne-]n-¡p¶ AbmÄ hnIm-c-Po-hn-bm-b-Xn-\m X¨-\¡c F¶ ssat{Im-t¡m-k-¯n-eqsS tIc-f-N-cn-{X-sa¶ amt{Im-t¡m-k-¯nsâ IY-]-dbm³ X\n¡v Icp-¯nà F¶v þ Adnªv t\mh cN-\-bn \n¶v ]n³ am-dp¶p. Xebpw ape-bpw- DÅ s]-®v, Aenhpw Adn-hp-apÅ s]®v F¶pw AbmÄ hnti-jn-¸n-¡p¶ Abm-fpsS Iq«p-Im-cn-bmb tkm^n-bm-_o-Khpw "t\mh cN\' F¶ kz]v\w ]qÀW-am¡n Hcp ]cn-]qÀW a\p-jy-\m-bn-Ã. s^ än-jn-khpw {Ko¡v ]pcm-W-¯nse ]pcp-j-enw-K-§Ä hc-¨n-cp¶ "AcmIv\n' F¶ Nn{XImcnbpw, Ah-fn \n¶v PntX-{µ\v In«nb Adn-hp-I-fm-bn-cp-¶p. ssewKn-I-Xsb kw_-Ôn¨ kv{XoI-fpsS BImw-£-I-fmWv AhÄ ]¦v sh¨ncp¶Xpw. F´mbmepw Ahfpw ]cn-]qÀW a\p-jy³ Bbn-Ã. kzmX{´y `St\m \Ivk-ssetäm BIm³ Ign-bm-¯-Xp-sIm­v Ub-dn-¡pdn-s¸-gp-Xm³ XpS-§p-¶-bm-fmWv PntX-{µ³ F¶mWv t\mh-enÌv ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp¯p-¶-Xv. B³ta-cn-bn \n¶v "A-\ys\hn[n-¡-cpXv' F¶ ss__nÄ hmIyw ]Tn-¨-tXmsS PntX-{µ³ Ub-dn-sb-gp¯pw \nÀ¯n. CtX B³ta\n AbmÄ¡v h[p-hm-bn. ]cn-io-e\-Im-e¯v e`n-¨n-cp¶ ss̸â v XpI-bpsS XpÑX B³tacn-bpsS {]W-b-¯n AbmÄ ad-¶p. kz´w PohnXw IÀ¯m-hn kaÀ]n-¨ncp¶ B³tacn B PohnXw Dt]-£n¨v IÀ¯m-hn-t\-¡mÄ hyYn-X-\mb HcmÄ ¡v PohnXw kaÀ]n-¡pIbm-bn-cp-¶p. ssewKn-I-X-bpsS ka-b¯pw Abm-fn A]-IÀj-Xm-t_m-[-am-bn-cp-¶p. ImcWw k´-Xn-I-fn-eÃmsX HmÀan-¡m-\mbn Fs´-¦nepw sN¿m-¯-Xnsâ A]-IÀj-Xm-t_m-[w. \mdm-]n-Å-bpsS Ien-_m[-IÄ a[p-hn-[p-Im-e¯v AbmÄ¡pw D­m-b-t{X. ssewKn-I-X-bnepw, Sn hn bn epw, tjm¸nMv amfnepw AbmÄ¡v X¨-\-¡-c-bpsS HmÀaIÄ \jvS-s¸-«p. Nne hcn-I-fn am{Xw IS¶p hcp¶ D]-t`mK kwkvIm-c-¯nsâ kqN-\-IÄ Hgn-¨m  ssewKn-I-X-bmWv PntX-{µ-t\bpw aäv ]e IYm-]m-{X-§-tfbpw ]cn-]qÀW a\p-jy-cm-¡m-¯Xv F¶mWv t\mh-enÌv Øm]n-¡p-¶-Xv. ssewKn-I-X-bpsS ]qcWw `mh-\-bn-emWv F¶v PnX³ a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶p ­v. Ccp-«n tI« hr²-bpsS tcmZ\w `mcym-`À¯m-¡³am-cpsS cXnIqP\-amsW¶v sXän-²-cn¨v Abmfpw Iq«p-Imcpw `mh\-bn cXn A\p-`-hn-¡p-¶p. `mh-\-bnse cXn A\p-`-hn-¨n-cp¶ Iuam-c-¯n atä Xv Ipam-c-t\bpw t]mse Abmfpw kz bwt`mKw \S-¯n. Ccp-]Xmw hb-Ên AbmÄ Fgp-Xnb IY KÔs¯ ASnh-kv{X-§-fpsS \nd-hp-ambn _Ôn-¸n¡p¶Xmbn-cp-¶p. AhnsS tKmhn-µ-\½m-h-\n \n¶v Ah\v hne¡pw D]tZ-ihpw e`n-¨p. IpSpw-_-¯n-tâbpw tZi-¯n-tâbpw IY-sb-gp-Xm³ Abm Ä Ahs\ t{]cn-¸n-¨p. A§s\ Pn X³ Akz-X-{´-\m-b-Xv, AbmÄ AdnbmsX Xs¶ kw`-hn-¨p. a\pjyPohn-X-¯nse Gähpw henb bmYmÀYyw ac-W-amWv F¶v Øm]n-¡p-Idqtkm


ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX bmWv Xsâ e£y-sa¶v t\mh-enÌv ]d-bp-¶p­v. ]t£ Hcp Imc-WanÃmt]Sn-bmbn ssewKn-IX At±ls¯ ]nSn-Iq-Sn. {]Xn-`-sb-¶m Iem-{]-Xn-`-am-{X-am-sW¶v tKmhn-µ ³ amjv ]d-bp-¶p­v. ImbnI {]Xn` F¶ hm¡v Xs¶ At±-l-¯n\v A d-¸m-Wv. Ie-sb-¶m A`-b-Øm-\¯nsâ ]Zhn DÅ-XmWv F¶pw am jv ]dbp-¶p­v. ]pkvX-I-¨´ F¶ {]tbmKw At±-ls¯ hnd-fn-]n-Sn-¸n ¡pw. t\mh-en-Ìns\t¸mse temI ¯v Znhy-amb hkvXp-¡-fpsS Iq«¯n-emWv Ie, ]pkvX-Iw, {]Xn` F¶n-hsb tKmhn-µ³ amjpw ]cn-KWn-¡p-¶-Xv. asäm¶pw AhnsS Znhya-Ã. asämcp t\«hpw t\«-a-Ã.- a-säm cp {]hÀ¯\t\«hpw a\p-jys\ A \-iz-c-\m-¡n-Ã; Ahsâ HmÀasb \n e-\nÀ¯n-à - . Iem-Im-c-\p-Npäpw {]`mh-ebw XoÀ¯v (aura) Znhy-\m¡n, D bÀ¶ ]oT-¯n {]Xn-jvTn¨,v A\y\m-¡p¶ ]gb Nn´m-K-Xn-bpsS _ lnÀK-a\w Xs¶-bmWv ChnsS Im Wm-\m-Ip-¶-Xv. [oc\pw kzX-{´\pw kÀ tÆm-]cn kÀKm-ß-I\pamb a\p-jyinip Akz-X-{´-\mbn amdp¶p F ¶Xv dqtkm D¶-bn¨ ]cm-Xn-bm-Wv. (20þmw t]Pn \n¶v)

"t\m_nÄ kmthPv'F¶ At±-l¯nsâ k¦Â]-\-¯nsâ asämcp cq]w Xs¶-bmWv CXv. a\p-jy³ F ¶ ssewKnI Pohnsb kw_-Ôn¨ t{^mbn-Unsâ k¦-Â]-\-¯n-te¡v IS-¶mepw a\p-jy³ Ahsâ ssew Kn-I-Xsb Dt]-£n¨v kwkvIm-c s¯ krjvSn¨p F¶ ]cmXn tIÄ t¡­n hcpw. a\p-jyÀ F§s\ a t\m-tcm-Kn-I-fm-bn-amdn F¶p hni-ZoI-cn-¡p¶ t{^mbnUv ASn-¨-aÀ¯s¸« hnIm-c-§sf DZm-¯o-I-cn¨v I em-kr-jvSn-I-fm¡n amän kwkvIm-c¯n\v CuSv \ÂIp-¶-Xns\Ipdn¨pw ]d-bp-¶p-­v. km[m-c-W-¡m-csâ kz]v\w Iem-kr-jvSn-bm-ImsX t]m Ip-t¼mÄ Iem-Im-csâ kz]v\w I em-kr-jvSn-bmbn amdp-¶p. kp`mjv N{µsâ ]cmXn kÀKm-ß-Ihpw kz X-{´-hp-amb a\pjyinip ]cn-]qÀ W hfÀ¨-sb-¯msX N¯p t]mIp ¶pF¶- X m- W v . dqtkm- b p- t Sbpw t{^mbn-Un-tâbpw ]cm-Xn-IÄ Xs¶bmWv kp`mjv N{µ\pw DbÀ¯p-¶Xv. Iem-Im-csâ kÀKm-ß-IX am{XamWv Gähpw t{ijvTw F¶ hn izmkw. aäp-Å-h-sbm¶pw ]cn-K-W\o-b-ta-bà F¶ ISp¯ hmin. Cu k¦p-Nn-X-amb Nn´m-[m-c-bn \n

¶psIm­v a\p-jy\v BapJw FgpXm³ {ian-¨-Xp-sIm-­mWv a\p-jy³ CXc taJ- e - I - f n \S- ¯ p¶ kÀKm-ßI hym]m-c-§-tfbpw CSs]-S-ep-I-tfbpw t\mh-en-Ìn\v Im Wm³ Ign-bmsX t]mbXv. Hmtcm sXmgn-en GÀs¸-Sp-¶-hcpw XtâXmb kÀKm-ß-IX D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶p-­v. A¨Sn am[y-a-¯n-e-sÃ-¦n t]mepw ]eXpw tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯-s¸-Smdp-­v. ssPh _p²n-Po-hn-I-fn-eqsS am{Xw \bn¡s¸Sp¶ temI-aà ap ¶n-ep-ÅXv. Imew amdn-t¸m-bn. ]gb a\p-jy\v BapJw Fgp-Xp-I-bà C\n Bh-iyw. [ÀamÀY-amb tam£§-sf¶ A[ymb \ma-§-fn am {Xw HXp§n \n¡p-¶p ]uc-kvXyamb ImgvN-¸m-Sn a\p-jys\ hnebn-cp-¯m-\pÅ {iaw. km¼-¯n-I hpw, ]mcn-kvYn-Xn-Ihpw, kmwkvIm-cnIhpw Bb taJ-e-I-fn-seÃmw Npäs¸«p Ign-bp¶ a\p-jys\ ]mÝm XyImgvN-¸m-Snepw hne-bn-cp-¯m³ t\mh-enÌv {ian-¡p-¶n-Ã. acWw F¶ bmYmÀYys¯ Bhn-jvI-cn¡m³ {ian¨v, ssewKn-I-X-sb¶ ZpÀK¯n\I¯v s]«v hn{`-an¨ t\m h-en-Ìn-s\-bmWv hmb-\-¡m-c\v Im WpamdmIp-¶-Xv.

_u²-kw-kvImcw Hcp ]T\w

atlmÂkhw. _p²aX¡mcpsS AXn{][m\amb Hcp DÂkhambn cp¶p. tZh\mw{]nbZÀinbmb knw lfcmPmhv "XnÊm'bpsS ZqX³amÀ aK[cmPy¯p sN¶v AtimIN{I hÀ¯nbpsS klmbt¯mSpIqSn sIm­v h¶v {ioe¦bn \«p]nSn ¸n¨ hnip²amb t_m[nhr£w sIm­v AewIrXamb Øe¯ph ¨mWv kntemWnse _p²aX¡mÀ amam¦atlmÂkhw BtLmjn¨p hcp¶Xv. ]qÀWnabpw ]pjy\£ {Xhpw tNÀ¶v hcp¶Xv ]ujamk ¯nemWv. [\pþaIc amkamWv ]u jamkw. ]pjy\£{XamWv aebm f¯nse ]qbw \£{Xw. aIcamk ¯n ]qbhpw, shfp¯hmhpw tbmPn¨phcp¶Xv IÀ¡nSI¯n hymgw \n¡p¶ B­pIfnemWv. B ZnhkamWv amam¦w BtLmjn ¡p¶Xv. AtimI³ _p²aXw kzo Icn¨Xn\ptijw c­maXv Hc`ntj Iw IqSn \S¯n. "tZh\mw{]nbZ Àin' F¶ Øm\t¸cv kzoIcn¨ Xpw ]uj amk¯nse ]qbw \£

{X¯nemWv. knwlfcmPmhv "Xn Êm' {]kvXpX A`ntjIIÀaw \S ¯nbncp¶Xpw ]ujamk¯nse ]qbw \£{X¯nemWv. A§s\ aIcamk¯nse ]qbw \£{Xw Ncn{X]cambn {]m[m\yamÀln¡p ¶p. _p²aX¡mcpsS almamÀtKm Âkhambncp¶p ]n¡me¯v amam¦w F¶dnbs¸«Xv. {InkvXphÀjw 543  D¯À{] tZinse Ipin\Kc¯n h¨mWv _p²\v ]cn\nÀhmWw kw`hn¨Xv. DZb¯n\v Hcp bma¯n\v ap¼v DW À¶v [ym\n¡pIbpw, \S¡pIbpw, PmXnaXt`ZanÃmsX FÃmt]cpw ]mNIw sNbvX `£Ww BcnÂ\n ¶pw hm§n¡gn¡p¶ {]IrXambn cp¶p. IrXy\njvTtbmSpÅ Pohn Xw \bn¨XpsIm­v A[nIw tcmK i¿ {]m]nt¡­n h¶nÃ. ]Xnhp t]mepÅ bm{Xbn hgnbn Nne Øe§fnsems¡ k©cn¨v ]mhm F¶ Øes¯¯n AhnsS Npµ³ F¶ sImó `àn]qÀhw \ÂInb `n£ kzoIcn¡pIbpw AtXmSpIq

Sn ]cn\nÀhmWw kw`hn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. kwkmc¯nsâ \izcXtbbpw, [Àas¯ am{Xw klmb¯n\p Äs¡m­v thsdmcm{ibanÃmsb ¶ t_m[t¯msS, Pm{KXtbmsS kzbw {]hÀ¯n¡pIbÃmsX KXy ´canÃmsb¶ XXzt¯bpw HmÀan ¸n¨psIm­v At±lw F¶t¶¡p ambn [ym\¯nte¡v t]mIpIbm Wv sNbvXXv. _p²sâ ]cn\nÀhm Ww \S¶Xv sshimJ ]uÀWanZn \w Xs¶bmbncp¶p. {imhI³am cpsS At´ym]Nmc¯n\pth­n h¨ncp¶ _p²tZls¯ Ggmw Znh kamWv kwkvIcn¨Xv. NnXm`kvaw Bhiys¸«hÀ¡v AXv \ÂIpI bpw `kvaw Øm]n¡s¸« Zn¡pIfn seÃmw Øm]I kvXq]§Ä {]Xn jvTn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ChsbÃmw _p²PohnX¯nsâ Ncn{X]camb bmYmÀYys¯ shfns¸Sp¯p¶ XmWv. (XpScpw...)

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IhnX Fw a\p 9567080006

Zpc-`n-am\n ^nÌ-dn-b-[-ym-]-I³ ]IÀ¯n-sb-gp-Xm³ X¶ t\m«v_p¡v, AÀ[-cm-{Xn-bnÂþ Hme-¡odns\ Ip¯n-sbm-en-¸n¨v h¶ ]mXn-cm-a-g-bnÂ, aqSn-bn-«n-cp¶ ¹mÌnIv Ih-dntâbpw hmb-\-¡n-S-bn Dd-§n-t¸mb Ftâbpw I®p-sh-«n¨v \\¨p IpXnÀ¯p ]cn-l-kn-¨-t¸mÄ ag-tbmSv shdp-¸p-tXm¶n. ]n-tä¶v, aäp-f-f-h-cpsS kl-Xm-]-¯o-bn \n¶v c£-s¸-Sm³ th­n am{Xw amjn \n¶v hm§n-¡q-«nb NqcÂIjm-b-¯n-s\m¸w Xe-bp-bÀ¯n \nÀ¯nb am\hpwsIm­v s]cp-h-gn-bn tN¼n-e-t]m-ep-an-ÃmsX \n¶v ag \\ªv ]nW-§nb ag-tbmSv Rm³ Iq-«p-Iq-Sn.

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Infn¸ - m«v


ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX kqcy kptc-{µ³ 9656286729

\

h-tem-I¯v "IeIÄ' krjvSn¡-s¸-Sp-¶Xpw, hn\n-abw sN¿pa\p-j-ysâ "Identity thinking' ¶Xpw hfÀ¶p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ apX-em-fn-¯-h-y-h-Øn-Xn-bpsS B h-iy-§Ä kwXr-]vXn-s¸-Sp-¯m-\p-ff NS-§mbn amdn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. IemCÃmXm¡n, A[-zm-\-t_m-[-¯nsâ, kr-jvSn-I-fpsS DÂ]m-Z\w P\-{]nbIe-IÄ F¶ te_-en Ah-X-cn-¸nPohn-Xm-\p-`-h-§-fpsS ¡-s¸-Sp-t¼mÄ, Ah ]W-¯nsâbpw A[n-Im-c-¯nsâbpw XmÂ]-c-y§Ä kwc-£n-¡p¶ Imh-em-fmbn amdp-¶p. FÃm-X-c-¯n-epw, Xe-¯ntemI-¯p-\n-¶-SÀ¯n-amän epap-ff Iem-kr-jvSn-I-fpsS DÂ]m-Z\w, aqeyw, LS\, coXn F¶nh Akv]Ài-amb ^mâ-kn-bpsS cq]-IÂ]\sNbvXphcp-¶Xv "em`w' F¶ Hscmä e£-ys¯ ap³\nÀ ¯n-bm-Wv. C¯-c-¯n FÃm Ie-Ifpw Hcp D-]-t`m-K-h-kvXp-hmbnam temI-t¯¡v Xf-fn-bn-«p-sIm­v, dp-Ibpw, cq]-IÂ]\ apX-em-fn-¯-¯nsâ bpàn-bmbn amdp-I-bpw shdpw ]mÊohv t{]£-I-cm¡n, sN¿p¶p. kwkvIm-c¯nsâ I¨-h-S-hÂI-c-W-sa-¶m a\p-jysâ hy-h-Øn-Xn-bpsS t_m[-X-e-¯nsâ I¨-h-S-hÂI-c-W-sa-¶m-WÀYw. A¯-c-¯n kmwkvIm-cnI hy-h-kmbw sRmSn-bn AenbIognÂsIm-­p-h-cp-¶p. s¸-Sp¶, Zln-¡-s¸-Sp¶ "Easy Entertainment' \ÂIn a\p-j-y-Nn-´ D]-t`mK kaq-l-¯nse sb \nÝ-e-am¡n tcmKm-Xp-c-amb `c-W-h-y-h-Øn-Xn-bnÂ\n¶pw Zni-am-än-hn-Sp-¶p. km[m-cW P\-§-fnÂ\n¶pw bYmÀY Pohn-XmD]-t`m-K-h-kvXp-¡Ä t]mse-¯s¶ \p-`-h-§sf X«n-¸-dn¨v, I¨-h-S-¯nsâ {]nk-¯n-eqsS IS-¯n-hn Ie-Ifpw "Something for everyone" F¶ «v Hscmä \nd-ambn NnX-dn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. a\p-j-ysâ "Identity ØnXnbn F¯n-\n¡p-¶p. thinking' CÃmXm¡n, A[-zm-\-t_m-[-¯nsâ, Pohn-Xm-\p-`-h-§-

fpsS temI-¯p\n- ¶ - S À¯n- a män Akv]Ài-amb ^mâ-kn-bpsS tem I-t¯¡v Xf-fn-bn-«psIm­v, shdpw ]m Êohv t{]£-I-cm¡n, hy-h-Øn-Xn-bpsS Iogn ÂsIm-­p-h-cp-¶p. \mw ImWp¶ kn\n-a-I-tfm Sn hn tjmItfm ]c-k-y-§ tfm hy-X-y-kvX-am-sW¶v \mw Icp-Xp-t¼mÄ, Ah-sbÃmw H tc t^mÀap-e-bpsS ]p\xkw-kv I-cn¨ BhÀ¯-\-§-fm-Wv. D]t`mK kaq-l-¯nse D]-t`m-K-hkvXp-¡Ä t]mse-¯s¶ Ie-I fpw "Something for everyone" F¶ ØnXnbn F¯n-\n¡p-¶p. km [m-c-W-P-\-§Ä F§s\ apX-em-fn¯ hy-h-Øn-Xn¡p Iogn sRcn-ª-aÀ¶v CÃm-Xm-Ip-¶pthm, AtX hn[nXs¶bmWv \h-Im-e-L-«-¯nse Iem-kmw-kvIm-cn-Im-´-co-£hpw t\cn-Sp-¶-Xv. kzo-I-c-W-ap-dn-bn-te-s¡-¯p¶ "P\-{]n-bX' "P\-{]nbIe-IÄ' kzoIc-W-ap-dn-bn-te¡v F¯n-¡p¶p F¶-h-Im-i-s¸-Sp¶ am[-y-a-am-WtÃm sSen-hn-j³. kzo-I-c-W-ap-dn-bnÂ\n¶pw \nX-y-Po-hn-X-¯nsâ ka-kvX-ta-J-e-I-fp-ambv kwh-Zn-¡p¶ sSen-hn-j³ P\-{]nb ]cn-]m-Sn-IÄ

F´v \ÂIp¶p F¶Xp-t]mse {] [m-\-am-Wv, t{]£-I³ F´v kzo-Icn-¡p-¶p-sh-¶-Xpw. a\p-j-ysâ Nn´ sb apc-Sn-¸n-¨p-sIm­v ImgvN-bv¡pw tIÄhn¡pw Hcp ]pI-ad krjvSn-¡p¶p-sh¶ bmYmÀYyw Xf-fn-¡-f-bm\m-hn-Ã. ]e-X-c-¯n-ep-ff Ie-I-fpsS ka-\-z-b-amWv sSen-hn-j³ F¶p-]-d bmw, km[m-c-W-¡m-cmb P\-§fn Gähpw kzm-[o\w sNep-¯p¶ Hcp am[-yaw IqSn-bm-Wn-Xv. t{]£-Isâ XmÂ]-c-y-kw-c-£-W-t¯-¡mÄ aämcp-sS-sbm-s¡tbm XmÂ]-c-y-§Ä¡p th­n Iem-kmw-kvIm-cnI krjvSnIsf hf-s¨m-Sn-¡p-I-IqSn sN¿p-¶psh-¶p-am-{Xw. sSen-h - n-j-\n Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡-s¸Sp¶ ]c-k-y-§Ä F´mWv bYmÀY¯n ]c-k-y-am-¡p-¶-Xv. Ht¶m ct­m \nanj ssZÀL-y-¯n an¶nam-bp¶ ]c-k-y-§Ä Nn´-bn \n ¶pw AI¶v F´pw sXmf-f-sXm-Sm sX hngp-§m³ ]cn-io-en-¸n-¡p-¶p­v. DÂ]-¶-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨p-ff Adnhn-t\-¡mÄ, t{]£-Is\ F§s\ "Convince' sN¿n¡mw, "Confuse' B¡mw, "Corrupt' B¡mw, F¶-

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX XmWv ]c-k-y-¯n-sâ BX-y-´nI AP-­. A[x-Øn-X-\mb Idp-¯-Ip«n¡v kvIqfnÂt]m-Im³ Ign-bp¶nÃ. B-b-Xn-\mÂ, Ip«n¡v Idea knt½mSp-Iq-Snb Smart Phone \ÂIpI F¶-Xn-eq sS hnZ-ym-`-ymkw F¶ Ip «n-bpsS Ah-Imiw km £mÂI-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. km¼-¯n-I ]nt¶m¡m-h-Ø-bn \n¡p ¶ Ip«nsb kvIqfn\p ]p d-¯p-Xs¶ \nÀ¯p-I, aäp Ip«n- I - t fm- s Sm¸w Ccp¶v ]Tn¡m³ A\p-h-Zn-¡m-Xn-cn¡pI, F¶ ]g-b-Ime {_mÒW-ta-[m-hn-Xzw \S-¸n-em-¡p-¶Xv tImÀ]-td-äp-I-fm-sW¶p am{Xw. Df-f-h\pw CÃm-¯-h\pw X½n-epff AI-e-s¯ \ne\nÀ¯n-s¡m­v Xs¶-bp-ff hnI-k-\ta A\p-h-Zn ¡q F¶ tImÀ]td-äp-I-fpsS hmin "Idea' bpsS ]c-k-y-¯n ImWmw. \n§-fpsS "{Kma§-sf-§s\ \K-c§-fm¡mw', \n§sf am\-hn-I-aq-e-y¯n-ep-]cn km¼-¯n-I-aq-e-y-ap-f-f-hcm¡n F§-s\-amämw F¶p-ff Xc- ¯n-ep-ff {]X-y-£hpw ]tcm-£-hpamb \b-]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fm-Wv. s]¬Ip-«n-I-fpsS hnZ-ym-`-ymkw, sXmgn-en-Ãmbva, Zmcn-{Zyw XpS§n \n e-\n¡p¶ FÃm {]iv\-§Ä¡p-apff Htc-sbmcp {]Xn-hn[n Idea Smart Phone BsW¶v Øm]n-¡p-¶p. Ah-K-Wn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶hÀ, ]nt¶m-¡m-

h-Øbn-ep-ffhÀ, ChÀ¡v s]mXp-[m-c- \n tj-[n¨v, Ahsc ]nt¶m-¡-h-Ø-bn \ne-\nÀ¯n-s¡m-­p-ff _ZÂkwhn-[m \w \S-¸m¡p¶-XmWv {][m\w, F¶XmWv CXn\p ]n¶nse Bi-bw. ]Xn\m-dm-bn-c-¯n-sb«v `mc-y-amÀ¡pw Htck-abw ZÀi\w \ÂIp¶ Irjv Wsâ tdmfn-t¸mÄ Idea Smart Phone IÄ Gsä-Sp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶p.

aX-hÂI-cn¨v hnf-¼p¶ apX-em-fn-¯-`-£-W-§Ä `£W-]-ZmÀY-§-fpsS ]c-k-y§-fn aXs¯ Btcm-]n-¡p¶ coXn s]mXp-hmbn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p­v. aXhpw I¨-h-S-hp-saÃmw tNÀ¶v Hcp hym-fo-cq-]-amWv, Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡-s¸Sp-¶-Xv. `£Ww ]mIw-sN-¿pI F¶Xv Hcp aX-]-c-amb NS-§m-bn- am-dp-¶p. _ncnbmWnA-cn-bpsS ]c-k-y-¯n amap-t¡mb {]X-y-£-s¸-Sp-t¼mÄ, km¼mÀs]mSn-bpsS ]c-k-y-¯n Imh-y-am-[-h³ {]X-y-£-s¸-Sp¶p. A³hÀ djo-Znsâ "DkvXmZv tlm«Â' F¶ kn\n-a-bn ]mNIw F¶Xv Hcp aX-]-c-amb NS-§m-bn-«mWv Ah-X-cn-¸n¨-Xv. Icow¡ (Xn-e-I³)bpsS DkvXmZv tlm«-ense kzm-Zn-jvT-amb 50 cq]-bp-sS _ncn-bmWn ss^hvÌmÀ tlm«epImÀ hm§n 150 cq]bv¡v hn¡p¶p, em` s¡mXn-bn-Ãm¯ I¨-h-S-¡m-c\mbn Xne-Is\ Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶p. tlm«-ensâ hfÀ¨ AYhm kn\n-asb ip`-]-c-y-h-km-bn-bm¡n amäp-¶Xv, Icow¡bpsS aqe-y§Ä DÄs¡m-f-fp¶ sIm¨paI\mb ss^kn (ZpÂJÀkÂam³) tlm«Â G säSp¡pIbpw, AsXmcp ss^hvÌmÀ tlm«em¡n amän AtX ]mNI¡q«pIÄ 150 cq]bv¡p Xs¶ hn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ I¨hSX{´¯nemWv. `£Ww F¶Xv aX]camIpt¼mÄ "ip²shPntädnb\n'se hnip²n F ´mWv? kkymlmcsa¶Xv ip²amWv, aäpÅsXÃmw Aip²amWv F¶Xm tWm AXn\ÀYw. Brahmin Restaurant, Brahmin Idn¡q«pIÄ F¶pXpS§n "{_mÒn¬' F¶mcw`n¡p¶ FÃmw \ÂIp¶Xv hnip²amWv F¶ [mcWbp ­m¡p¶p­v. Ejnhcy³amÀ DÂ]mZn¸n¡p¶, {_mÒWkv]ÀitaäsXÃmw {]IrXnbn \n¶v t\cns«Sp¡p¶XmWv, IeÀ ¸nÃm¯ {]km-Z-§-fmWv F¶v ]dªv tbmKm Nmcy³amÀ kv{Io\nse¯n \yqUnÂkns\¡p `£Ww F¶Xv aX]camIpt¼mÄ dn¨v hmNmeamIp¶p. FÃm DÂ]¶§fnepw {]IrXn- Po-h\]pWyw AS§nbn«p­v F¶v AhImi "ip²shPntädnb\n'se hnip²n F´mWv? s¸Sp¶ BbpÀthZ¯nsâ {_mâ v Aw_mknUÀ kkymlmcsa¶Xv ip²amWv, aäpÅsXÃmw amÀ PmXobXbpsS D¯pwKirwJ¯nse¶v ]dbs¸ Sp¶ {_mlvaWcmWv. "{_mlvan¬' F¶ ]Zw t]mepw Aip²amWv F¶XmtWm AXn\ÀYw. Brahmin bYmÀY¯n INhSX{´amWv. \½psS ]mc¼cy Restaurant, Brahmin Idn¡q«pIÄ sa¶Xv BcykwkvImcamsW¶v Øm]n¡m\p-ff \nc-´ F¶pXpS§n "{_mÒn¬' F¶mcw`n¡p¶ -c-{i-aw. DjvWtaJe{]tZis¯ C³Uym¡mcpsS NÀaw F§s\ FÃmw \ÂIp¶Xv hnip²amWv F¶ "shÅ ]qimw' F¶XmWv tImkvaänIv DÂ]mZIcpsS Kth [mcWbp­m¡p¶p­v. jWw. \n§fpsS NÀa¯nsâ \ndw tamiamsW¶pw AXv amäs¸tS­XmWv F¶ Aht_m[w krjvSn¡pI hgn em` Ejnhcy³amÀ DÂ]mZn¸n¡p¶, s¡mbv¯mWv e£yanSp¶Xv. NÀa¯nsâ \ndw AYhm kzXzw {_mÒWkv]ÀitaäsXÃmw {]IrXnbn (identity) amän ]pXnsbmcp identity \½psSXÃm¯ H¶ns\ kzoI \n¶v t\cns«Sp¡p¶XmWv, IeÀ¸nÃm¯ cn¡Wsa¶Xv \hIme sImtfmWnbenk¯nsâ `mKamWv. C³ Uybn sa¡msf{]`p 1835  Cw¥ojv hnZym`ymkw sIm­ph¶ {]km-Z-§-fmWv F¶v ]dªv t¸mÄ, D­mbncp¶ e£yw Indian in blood and colour, but English in tbmKmNmcy³amÀ kv{Io\nse¯n taste, in opinions, in morals and in intellect CXmbncps¶¦nÂ, \hIme \yqUnÂkns\¡pdn¨v sImtfmWnbenkw _mlycq]whsc amämw F¶ taml\hmKvZm\w \ÂIn \nÀ_-Ôn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. AXpsIm­mWv Cµp-te-JbpsS hmNmeamIp¶p. ]cky¯n "\ndw Ipdª' Idp¯ s]¬Ip«n A`n-ap-J-]-co£bnÂ

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX \n¶v ]pd¯mIp¶Xpw, DÂ] Un _qthbÀ ]dbp¶Xv Ahn-Nm-cn-X-ambn Hcp-Zn-hkw, Hcp s]®v ¶¯nsâ D]tbmK¯neqsS "one is not born, but rather ]W-s¸«nbp-ambn hcp-sa¶v aq¶mwtemI NÀa¯nsâ \ndw amdpIbpw h becames, a woman. ssPhnI enb Afhn Bß-hn-i-zmkw hÀ amb hyXymkaÃ, adn¨v Po cmPy¡msc kz]v \ w ImWm³ [n¡pIbpw, ]n¶oSv hnPIcambn hnX¯nse Hmtcm L«¯n ]Tn¸n¡pIbmWv., C¯cw tjmIÄ. A`n-apJw ]qÀ¯nbm¡p¶Xpw. ]c epw kaqlw ASnt¨Â¸n kyw Hcp Iebmbv AhXcn¸n¡s¸ ¡p¶ Nne \nbamhenIfm P\{]nb IeIÄ F¶ te_en Spt¼mÄ Iemaqeyw, coXn, LS\, Wv Ahsf kv{Xobm¡p AhXcn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ IeIÄ AhXcWw F¶nhsb§s\bmWv ¶Xv. F§s\ \S¡Ww. I¨hS XmÂ]cyambv amdp¶Xv. F§s\ Nncn¡Ww, F§ apXemfn¯hrhØnXnbptSbpw, F§s\ \n§Ä¡v Ffp¸¯n s\ IcbWw, F§s\ `£ hyhkmbhÂIcW¯nsâbpw tImSoizc\mImw, km[mcW¡mcpsS Po Ww Ign¡Ww XpS§nb hnX¯nse ZpcnX§fpw, {]bmk§fpw, Bbp[§fmbn t{]£IcpsS CtX \nbamhenbnte¡p B{Kl§fpw, hnImc§fpw F§s\ Xq Xs¶ hen¨Sp¸n¡pIbm ]¨bmb PohnXm\p`h§sf ¡n hn¡mw F¶Xnsâsbms¡ D¯a Wv C¯cw tjmIÄ. AI DZmlcW§fmWv Sn hn tjmIÄ. ]s¦Sp IhÀs¶Sp¡pIbmWv ¯f§fn `ÀXrkpJ¯n ¡p¶hcpsStbm t{]£IcptStbm Adnhv \mbn aÂkcn¨ A´ÀP\ sN¿p¶Xv. hÀ[n¸n¨v ]WvUnXcm¡Wsa¶Ã. adn¨v §tfbpw, ssh[hy¯nsâ F§s\ Adnhv hnäv ]Wap­m¡msa¶XmWv hngp¸pambv ad¡pSbnse {]m[m\yw. Ahn-Nm-cn-X-ambn Hcp-Zn-hkw, Hcp alm\cIw I­htcbpw A s]®v ]W-s¸«nbp-ambn hcp-sa¶v aq¶mwtemI ¼e§fn \n¶v A¼e§ cmPy¡msc kz]v\w ImWm³ ]Tn¸n¡pIbmWv., fnte¡v `n£mS\w \S¯nb C¯cw tjmIÄ. A]v^³amscbpw s]mXp[mcbnte¡v Ac§t¯¡v sIm­v h¶ hn Sn bpsS hntamN\¯nsâ {]hÀ¯n kv{Xoim-ào-I-c-Whpw dnbm-en-än-tjm-Ifpw bpsS Xew F{Xam{Xw C¯cw hntamN\tjmIÄ ]mNIw F¶ Ie sSenhnj\n AhXcn¸n¡s¸Sp ¡p­v. ¶Xv IqSpXepw kv{Xo imàoIcWw F¶ t]cnem `n¶tijnbpÅhÀ¡p Hcp¡p¶ tÌPpIfn Wv. Icn]pc­ t{]£IcpsS ASp¡f \ÃXÃ, ]Icw AhcpsS "D{Khpw DÖzehpamb' IgnhpIsftbm ss^hvÌmÀ F kn ASp¡fbpw, Icn ]pcfm¯ ssI CÑmiànsbtbm t{]mÂkmln¸n¡p¶Xn\¸pdw IfpamWv/]mNI¯n\mhiyw. ]mhs¸«hsâ Icn]pc klXm]w hnäv ]Wap­m¡p¶p F¶XmWv hmkv ­ ASp¡fsb G kn ÌmÀ ASp¡fbnte¡v Npcp Xhw. \n§Ä t]mcmbvabpÅhcmsW¶v BhÀ¯n t¡­Xp­v F¶mWv hyMyambn ]dbp¶Xv. ASp¡ ¨pd¸n¡pI hgn sshIeysa¶Xv Hcp t]mcmbvabmbv fbnepw kv{Xo kÀhm`cWhn`qjbmbv ImWs¸S \ne\nÀ¯ns¡m­v Xs¶ imcocnI sshIeyansà Ww, AhÄ¡v kzm`mhnIamb hnbÀ]pIW§Ä ¶v ]dbs¸Sp¶hÀ KqVamb B\µw Is­¯pI s]mSnbmt\m Icn]pcfmt\m ]mSnÃ. shdpw Hcp Imgv bmWv. NhkvXphmbv ASp¡fsbbpw, kv{Xosbbpw Hcpt]m High Art Dw Low Art Dw X½nepÅ sshcp[y§Ä se Stereotype Ifn Xf¨nSp¶ kv{XoimàoIcWw At\Iw hÀj§fmbn NÀ¨sNbvXphcp¶XmWv. tNmZyw sN¿s¸tS­XmWv. amÀIvkv AtUmsWmbpw tlm¡nadpw, entbmSmÀ "h\nXmcXv\w', "aebmfnho«½' XpS§n ho«½am Upw, sPbnwkWpsams¡ NÀ¨ sNbvXXpw High Art À¡pth­n cq]IÂ]\sN¿p¶ dnbmenäntjmIfpw Dw Low Art Dw X½nepÅ A´camWv. F¶m Iem CtX at\m`mhamWv h¨p]peÀ¯p¶Xv. Ae¡pI, krjvSnIÄ¡v A§s\sbmcp hn`mKobXbpsS Bh `mcw Npa¡pI, ]m{Xw IgpIpI C§s\ \nXyPohnX iyapt­m? IebpsS aqeyw \nÀWbnt¡­Xv Hcn¡ ¯nse km[mcW¡mcsâ tPmenIÄ aÂkcdu­p epw AcntÌm{IknbpsS Xe-¯n \n-¶p-sIm­Ã. Ifmbn amdpt¼mÄ, CXv km[mcW a\pjysâ Ie-bn-eqsS hy-hØ ]p\À\nÀan-¡-s¸-«p-sIm\nXy PohnXw hsc tamjvSn¡s¸Sp¶p F¶ t­-bn-cn-¡Ww. IemkrjvSnIsf¶pw Iem Xnsâ kqN\bmWv. "anSp¡n anSp¡n' t]m krjvSnIÄ Xs¶bmWv, ]mhs¸«hsâ epÅ tjmIÄ kv{XoIfpsS tamN\hpw Ie, ]W¡mcsâ Ie, PmXnbptStbm imàoIcWhpamWv e£yanSp¶Xv aX¯nsâtbm Ie F¶n§s\bpÅ F¶hImis¸Spt¼mÄ bYmÀY thÀXncnhpIfpw, ]ncnhpIfpw \ ¯n kw`hn¡p¶Xv ]pcpjm[n In aqey¯IÀ¨bp­mt¡­XnÃ. ]Xy¯nsâ kuµcy k¦Â]§fp F¶m P\{]nb IeIÄ F¶ te sSbpw tImefhpIfpsSbpw s{^bn _en AhXcn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ Ie apIfnte¡v HXp¡s¸SpIbmWv. Isfm¶pwXs¶ Low Art sâtbm, F§s\ Iymävhm¡v \S¯p¶ High Art sâtbm aqeyw DÄs¡m dmw]pIfnte¡v kv{XoIsf Cd¡n Åp¶nà F¶pthWw IcpXm³. a hnSm³ Xc¯nepÅ ]cnioe\w dn¨v apXemfn¯hrhØnXnbptS sImSp¡msa¶ NqjWXmÂ]cyam bpw, hyhkmbhÂIcW¯nsâbpw WXv. Bbp[§fmbn P\{]nbIeIÄ t{] "The Second Sex' F¶ ]pkvX £IcpsS ]¨bmb PohnXm\p`h§ I¯n {^©v s^an\nÌmb kntam¬ kntam¬ Un _qthbÀ sf IhÀs¶Sp¡pIbmWv sN¿p¶Xv.

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX km_p tPmkv 9656363145

t{]X-w h-¶p hnfn¡pt¼mÄ

1

977  ]pd-¯n-d-§nb "Z Aan-än]mct\mÀa (paranormal) F¶ hm hnà slmdÀ þ F {Sq tÌmdn' F ¡mWv C¯cw {]Xn-`m-k-§Ä kq ¶ ]pkvX-I-amWv B[p-\nI Nn-¸n-¡m-\mbn D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xv. Imes¯ t{]X-k-¦Â]Akm-[m-cWw, Akzm-`m-hnIw F §Ä¡v ]pXn-sbmcp am s¶-Ãm-amWv Cu hm¡nsâ AÀYw. \w \ÂIn-b-Xv. Hcp ho km[m-c-W- bp-àn¡v hni-Zo-I-cn-¡m «n-epÅ IpSpw-_mw-K³ Ign-bm-¯Xv F¶p-th-Wsa¦n §Äs¡Ãmw A\phymJym-\n-¡mw. \ap-¡-dn-bm-hp¶ `-h-s¸« hnNn{X {]Ir-Xn-\n-b-a-§Ä¡v A¸p-d-amWv A\p-`-h-§-fmWv Ch. \nKqVw (occult)F¶ÀYw hcp ]pkvX-I-¯n-\m¶ "H¡Ä«kv' F¶ emän³ ]Z-¯n [mcw. AtX-¯p \n¶v cq]m-´-c-s¸-«mWv ]mc-t\m SÀ¶v C¯- c Àa F¶ {]tbmK-ap-­m-b-Xv. acn¯n-epÅ \nc-h ¨-hÀ Bßm-hnsâ cq]-¯n `qan[n ]pkvX-I-§ bn Xs¶ \ne-\n¡p-sa¶ hn fpw kn\n-a-Ifpw izm-k-amWv C¯cw Zpcql {]Xn-`mSn hn kocn-b-epk-§sf Xmtem-en-¡m³ a\p-jysc Ifpw ]pd-¯p-ht{]cn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv. A¯cw {]Xn-`m¶p. AXn-t¸mgpw k-§fps­-¦n Ah Is­-¯p-¶XpS-cp-¶p-ap-­v. t{] Xn\v imkv{Xob amÀK-§Ä D]-tbmX-§sf I­p-]n-SnKn-¡p-¶-Xn sXäp-]-d-bm³ Ign-bn¡m³ Ign-bp¶ D]-I-cÃ. Is­-¯m³ Ign-bp-¶-Xn-\p-ap¼v W-§fpw C¶v hn]-Wn-bn FÃm {]Xn`m-k-§fpw Zpcq-l-am-bn [mcm-f-ambn hn¡-s¸-Spcp-¶-tÃm. Is­-¯n-b-Xn\p tij-am ¶p-­v. Ah-sbÃmw Xs¶ im Wv Hmtcm¶pw imkv{X- k-Xy-am-Ipkv{Xob D]-I-c-W-§-fp-amWv. F ¶-Xv. CSn-an-¶epw `qI-¼-hp-saÃmw ¶m Aan-än-hn-Ã-bnse kw`-h-§Ä C§s\ Zpcq-l-X-bpsS ad-\o¡n ]p {KÙ-Im-csâ Aan-X -a-Zy-]m\w Imc-W-ap-­mb d-¯p-h¶ imkv{X -k-Xy-§-fm-Wv. hn{`m-´n-bm-sW¶v ]n¶oSv sXfn-sª-¦nepw C¯cw hnÃ-Ifpw tKmÌv Bßm-hns\ I­p, A\p`l­Àamcpw temI-s¯-Ãm-bn-S¯pw IqWp-t]mse apf¨p h¶p. hn¨p XpS-§nb {]tbm-K-§sfÃmw t{]X-§Ä, Zpcm-ßm-¡Ä XpS-§nb Akz-`m-hnI {]Xn-`m-k-§Ä C¶v Xs¶ hyàn-\n-jvThpw hni-Zo-I-cnhen-sbmcp _nkn-\-km-Wv. ASp-¯nsS UÂln-bn Zpcql kml-N-cy-¯n ¡m³ Ign-bm-¯-Xp-amWv. \ntXy\ ac-W-s¸« bphm-hns\Npän-¸än [mcmfw IY-IÄ ]c¶ncp¶p. \nc-h[n Sn hn ko sbt¶mWw Sn hn tjmI-fnepw aäpw cn-b-ep-I-fn-eqsS t{]Xth« \S¯n {]kn-²-\mb Ct±-l-¯nsâ A´yw t{]X \nc-h[n Bfp-IÄ A\p-`h-km£yw §fpsS tIm]w sIm­m-sW-¶mWv hniz-kn-¡p-¶-Xv. F¶m s]meokv ]d-bp-¶Xpw \msa-Ãm-hcpw I At\z-j-W-¯n a\-Ên-em-bXv t{]Xth«-¡m-c³ Bß-l-Xy- sN-bvX­n-cn-¡pw. HbvPm t_mÀ Xm-sW-¶m-Wv. F¶m P\-§-fn-te-sdbpw hniz-kn-¡p-¶Xv t{] Un \mWbw \o¡p Xmßm-¡-fpsS B{I-aWw Xs¶-bmWv bphm-hnsâ ac-W-Im-c-W¶ Bßm-hns\ Nne sa-¶m-Wv. ]mct \mÀa Às¡-¦nepw ]cn-N \ap-¡-dn-bm-hp¶ Ncn-{X-tc-J-I-fn-seÃmw Xs¶ ]tcbw ImWpw. Nne C³shÌ nt Kä ÀamÀ¡v XmXvam¡-fp-ambn _\v-[-s¸-Sm³ a\p-jy³ \S-¯n-bn-«pÅ kvt]m¬tkÀ ]cn-{i-a-§Ä ImWm³ Ign-bpw. C¯cw {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä Bh-iy-amb D]-I-c-W-§Ä Uv t{]m{Km-ap-IGähpw ià-am-bXv ]s¯m-¼Xmw \qäm-­n-em-Wv. imkv fn t{]Xmhn¡p¶ h ³ hym]mc irwJe {X-¯nsâ hfÀ¨-tbmsS t{]Xmßm-¡Ä ]cn-[n¡v ]pdßm-¡sf HgntemIh ym] I a mb p­ v . shfp¯ p¯mbn F¶v hmZn-¡p-¶-h-cp-s­-¦nepw A§-s\-bà kw ¸n-¡Â IÀaw `-h-§Ä. imkv{Xob D]-I-c-W-§-fpsS klm-b-t¯msS Å-n¸q-¡-fpw, tlmfn-hm-«-dpw, teml\S-¯p-¶Xpw t{]Xmßm¡-fp-ambn k¼À¡w ]peÀ¯m-\pÅ {ia-am \ap¡v ]cn-Nn¯I nS ps am¶ pa à AhÀ Wv Ct¸mÄ \S-¶p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. t{]Xhpw Bßm X-am-Wv. tIchn¡p¶ X v . CsXmcp h³InS hpw t]mse-bpÅ Akzm`m-hnI {]Xn-`m-k-§sf Npän-¸f-¯nse Hcp än-bpÅ Sn hn tjmIÄ¡v C¶v t{]£-I-tc-sd-bmWv. _nkn-\-km-Wv. {]apJ t{]X

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX th«-¡mc³ Hcp kv{XobpsS ico-c¯n \n¶pw Hä-b-Sn¡v 1500 Bßm¡-sf-bmWv ]pd-¯m-¡n-b-Xv. Bßm hv, t{]Xw F¶nh DÅ-Xmbn CXphsc ià-amb Hcp sXfnhpw e`y-ambn-«nÃ. imkv{Xo-bhpw Aim-kv{Xob-hp-amb \nc-h[n ]co-£-W-§Ä, \nc-h[n t{]Xth«-¡mÀ, H¶n\pw Bßm-hnsâ AkvXnXzw sXfn-bn¡m³ km[n-¨n-«nà F¶-XmWv hm kvX-hw. t{]Xhnizmkw D­m-Im³ \nc-h-[n- Im-c-W-§-fp­v. aX-hn-izm kw, am\-kn-I- k-½ÀZw, akvXnjvI tcmK-§Ä, Ahn-Nm-cn-X- kw`-h-§ Ä, Zriy-§Ä F¶n-h-sbÃmw AhbnÂs]Spw. F¶m Gähpw {][m \w Ch-sbm-¶p-a-Ã, I¨-h-S-am-Wv. `q cn-`mKw t{]Xth«-¡mcpw a\p-jy-cp sS kzm`m-hnI `bm-i-¦sb kaÀ Y-ambn amÀ¡äv sNbvXv h³em `w sIm¿p-I-bm-Wv. t{]Xth«¡m-cpsS Ncn{Xw ]cn-tim-[n¨m C¡mcyw hyà-amIpw. ]d-b-¯¡ A¡m-ZanI hnZym`ym- k tam sXmgntem CÃm-¯-hcmWv Ch-cn `qcn-`m Kw Bfp-I-fpw. Zcn-{Ztam, CS-¯-c-¯n s]«tXm Bb PohnX- k m- l - N - c y- § - f n Ign- ª n- c p¶ ChÀ t{]Xth« Bcw`n¨v G Xm\pw hÀj- § Ä¡pÅn tImSo-iz-c³am-cm-Ip¶-Xnsâ ]n¶nse Zpcq-lX t{]mXm-ßm-hn-t\-¡mfpw Zpcql-am-Wv. a\-Èm-kv{X-Ú-\mb {InÌ-^À F¨v hnän-ensâ "kvsI ]vän-¡Â C³Iz-b-dÀ BÀ«n-¡nÄ' (2004) F¶ ]pkvX-I-¯n C¯cw ]mc-t\mÀa {]Xn-`m-k-§Ä D­mIp-¶-Xnsâ ImcWw hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p¶p-­v. Ip«n-¡m-e-¯p-­m-bn-«pÅ Nne A\p-`-h-§fpw apXnÀ¶-hÀ hÀ Wn-¡p¶ t{]X-I-Y-I-fp-amWv B ßm-hv, t{]Xw XpS-§nb hm¡p-IÄ hyàn-I-fpsS D]-t_m-[-a-\-Ên Dd-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. CXv aX-hn-izm-k-¯n sâ `mK-amtbm A§s\ AÃm-sX tbm D­m-Imw. AÂ`p-X-s¸-tS-­. aX-an-Ãm¯ t{]X§fp-ap-­v. bqtdm¸nse ]e t{]X-th-«-¡mcpw aX-hnizm-kn-I-f-Ã. t{]Xth«bv¡v AhÀ D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶Xv sIm´bpw Ipcn ipw shfp-¯p-Ån-¸-q¡fpw tlmfnhm-«-dp-sam-¶p-aÃ, imkv{Xob D]-I-cW-§Ä Xs¶-bmWv. CXn-\n-S-bnepw Nne Iq«-cp-­v. Cu c­p tXmWn-bn

epw ImÂh-bv¡p¶ t{]Xth«-¡mÀ. F¶m Hcp Imcyw Dd-¸mWv, Bsc-¦nepw HcmÄ t{]X-s¯-¡p-dn¨v ]d-ªp-X-¶n-sÃ-¦n \n§Äs¡m-cn-¡epw Hcp t{] Xm-\p-`hw D­m-In-Ã. hnizm-k-ap-s­-¦nepw CsÃ-¦nepw, tI«n-«p-s­-¦nepw CsÃ-¦nepw A§-s\-sbm-¶p-s­-¦n AsX-Ãm-hÀ¡pw Hcpt]mse A\p-`-hs¸-S-W-a-tÃm.- \yq-tdm-f-Pn-Ìmb s_©-an³ dmUvt^mÀUnsâ "BÀ tKmÌvkv dnbÂ? kb³kv tkbvkv t\m' (2014) F¶ teJ-\-¯n atX-Xc t{]X-k-¦Â ]-s¯-¸än Fgp-Xp-¶p-­v. BÂ_À«v sF³ssÌ-s\-bmWv atX-Xc t{]X-th-«¡mÀ DZm-l-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. At±-l-¯nsâ Bt]-£n-IXm {]am-W-¯n {Zhyhpw DuÀPhpw X½n-epÅ _Ôw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨Xpw `uXnI imkv{X-¯nse DuÀP kwc-£-W-\n-b-ahp-saÃmw C¡q-«À Bbp-[-am-¡p-¶p-­v. `uXnI \nb-a-a\p-kcn¨v DuÀPs¯ \nÀan-¡mt\m \in-¸n-¡mt\m km[n-¡n-Ã. F¶m Hcp cq]¯n \n¶v asäm-¶mbn ]cn-hÀ¯n-¸n-¡m³ Ign-bpw. A§-s\-bm-sW-¦n Hcp hyàn acn-¨p-I-gn-bp-t¼mÄ Abm-fpsS ico-c-¯n-epÅ F\ÀPn F§s\ \jvSs¸-Spw. AXv asämcp cq]-¯n-tebv¡v amdp-I-btà th­Xv? tNmZyw {]k-à-amsW¶v tXm¶mw. F¶m imkv{Xo-b-ambn Nn´n-¨m AXn henb Imcysam¶pw Csöv a\-Ên-em-Ipw. Hcp hyàn ac-W-a-Sªp Ign-bp-t¼mÄ AbmfpsS icoc-¯nse DuÀPw Npäp-]m-Sp-I-fn-te¡v hnX-cWw sN¿-s¸-Sp-I-bmWv. Iptd`mKw Xmt]mÀPambn \jvS-s¸-Sp-¶p.- Iptd`mKw a\p-jy-i-cocw `£-W-am¡p¶ ]pgp-¡fpw aäv Pohn-Ifpw ]¦p-shbv¡pw. kky-§Ä Ah-bpsS hfÀ¨bv¡mbn Iptd`mKw BKn-cWw sN¿pw. AXp-sIm­v hy àn-bpsS ac-W-tijw \jvS-am-Ip¶ DuÀP-¯nsâ Hcp iX-am\w t]mepw {]Ir-Xn-bn-te¡v BKn-cWw sN¿s¸-SmsX kzX-{´-ambn \ne-\n¡n-Ã. Bßmhpw t{]Xhpw ico-c-¯n \n¶v ]pd-¯p-h-cp¶ DuÀP-am Wv F¶p ]d-bp¶Xn bmsXmcp imkv{Xob ASn¯-d-bp-anà F¶p am{X-aà ip² a­-¯-c-hp-amWv. ]mc-t\mÀa BIvSn-hn-än-I-fn hniz-kn-¡p-¶h-cmWv `qcn`mKw Ata-cn-¡-¡mcpw F¶v tI Ä¡p-¶Xv hnNn-{X-ambn tXm¶mw. imkv{X kmt¦-XnI hnZybn C{X-b-[nIw hnImkw {]m]n¨ Hcp cmPys¯ P\-§-fpsS hnizm-k {]-am-W-§Ä Ime-l-c-W-s¸-«-Xm-sW-¶-Xnsâ kqN-\-bm-WnXv \ÂIp-¶-Xv. 2015  Atkm-kntb-äUv {]kv \S-¯nb Kme]v -t]m-fn ]s¦-Sp¯ 71 iX-am\w Ata-cn-¡-¡mcpw X§Ä¡v Akm-[mcW A\p`-h-§Ä (paranormal experiences) D­m-b-Xm bn km£y-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. CXn 34 iX-am\w Bfp-I fpw hniz-kn-¡p-¶Xv t{]X§Ä acn-¨-h-cpsS Bßm-¡Ä BsW-¶m-Wv. 41 iX-am\w Bfp-IÄ AXo-{µob A\p-`qXn-I-fn (Extrasensory perception)hnizm-k-ap-Å-hm-cmWv. 37 iX-am\w BfpIfpw t{]X`h-\-§Ä (Ghost House or Haunted Mansion) Ds­¶v hniz-kn¡p¶hcm-Wv. HbvPm t_mÀUp-IÄ A]-I-S-am-sW¶v Icp-Xp-¶-h-cmWv 65 iXam\w Bfp-I-fpw. CXp-Iq-SmsX kv]ncn-Nz loenMv F¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶, ae-bm-fnIÄ¡v kp]-cn-Nn-X-amb AÂ`pX tcmK-im-´n-ip-{iq-j-bn hniz-kn-¡p-¶-hcmWv 55 iX-am\w Ata-cn-¡-¡mcpw. t{]Xm-ß¡Ä¡p ]pdsa sNIp-¯msâ B{I-a-Whpw a\p-jyÀ¡v t\tc-bp-­m-Ip-sa¶v Icp-Xp-¶-hÀ 41 iX-am-\-ap-­v. acn-¨-h-cpsS Bßm-¡-fp-ambn Bi-b-hn-\n-abw sN¿m³ Ign-bp-sa¶v Icp-Xp-¶hÀ 21 iX-am-\-amWv. 21 iX-am\w Bfp-IÄ¡pw a{´-hm-Zn-I-fn hnizm-k-ap-­v. ]p\ÀP-·-¯n hniz-kn-¡p-¶-hÀ 20 iX-am-\-hp-ap-­v. t{]Xmt\z-j-Isc (paranormal Investigators) Ah-cpsS kao-]\ - -a-\p-kc - n ¨v ]e-Xmbn hÀKo-I-cn-¨n-«p-­v. aX-hn-izm-khpw \mtSm-Sn-¡-Y-Ifpw B[m-ca - m ¡n t{]Xm-t\z-jWw \S-¯p-I-bmWv NneÀ sN¿p-¶-Xv. t{]X-`-h\ - -§-fn Xmakn¨v _lp-hn[ t¢i-§Ä A\p`-hn-¡p-¶-hsc aX-hn-izm-k{- ]-am-W-§-fpsS klm-bt- ¯msS c£n-¡p-Ib - mWv Ch-cpsS e£yw. Häbv¡v Xma-kn-¡p-¶h - À, hnjm-Z-tcm-Kn-IÄ, aäp am\-knI k½ÀZw A\p`-hn-¡p-¶-hÀ XpS-§n-bh - -cmWv Ch-cpsS {][m\Cc-Ifpw hcp-am\amÀKhpw. sNIp-¯m\pw, Zpcm-ßmhpw, Pn ¶pw, b£nbpw CsÃ-¶§v XoÀ¯p-]-d-bm³ \½psS hnizm-k-{]-am-W-§Ä k½-Xn-¡n-Ã-tÃm. C¯cw t{]Xmt\zj-IÀ bqtdm¸v, Ata-cn¡ `qJ-WvU-§-fnep-Å-Xnsâ ]e-a-S§v A[n-Ia - mWv Gjy-bnepw B{^n-¡-bn-ep-ap-ÅX - v. hnizm-

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX k-{]-am-W-§sf Xncp-¯m³ hn Zym-`ymkw am{Xw aXn-bm-In-Ã. AXn-\pÅ Gähpw ià-amb sXfn-hmWv hnZym-k-¼-¶c - mb ae-bm-fn-IÄ \ntXy\Bkz-Zn¡p¶ Sn hn t{]m{Km-ap-IÄ. aebm-f-¯nse H«p-an¡ Nm\-ep-Ifn-sebpw ]peÀIme t{]m{Kmw t{]Xmßm¡sf Hgn-¸n-¡t- em, AÂ`pX tcmK-im-´ntbm, ssZ hn-I- Nn-In-Õm-]-²-Xntbm H s¡-bm-Wv. KÀ`m-i-b¯ - n apgbp-­m-Ip-¶-Xn-\pw, Iym³k-dn \pw, InUv\n XI-cm-dn-em-Ip-¶Xn\pw ImcWw Zpcm-ßm-hnsâ {]hÀ¯-\-am-sW¶v t{]Xth«¡mc³ Ak¶n-Kv[a - mbn {]Jym-]n¡p-t¼mÄ F§s\ hniz-kn-¡m-Xn-cn¡pw. HSp-hn t{]Xth«-¡mc³ Zpcm-ßmhns\ ]pd-¯m-¡p-¶t- XmsS tcmKn-bpsS Iym³ kÀ t`Z-am-Ipw. XfÀhmXw h¶v i¿m-he - w_n-bmb-hÀ Dssk³ t_mÄ«ns\ adn-IS- -¡p¶ thK-Xb - n HmSpw. hnizm-kn-I-fpsS F®hpw IqSpw.-At- XmsS t{] Xth«-¡mcsâ _m¦v _me³kpw IpXn-¨p-I-bd - pw. ] W-am-bn-¡-gn-ªm ]ns¶ hnip² ]ip-¡f - mbn BÀ ¡pw sXmSm³ ]äm-¯- D-b-c§ - -fn-se-¯pw. Iym³kdpw Syqa-dpw, enhÀ kntdm-kn-kp-saÃmw {]mÀYn¨pw ssI h¨pw Ae-dn-hn-fn-¨pw t`Z-am-¡p-¶X - p- Im-Wp-t¼m-gÃ, Cu Akp-J§ - Äs¡Ãmw ImcWw Zpcm-ßm-¡-fpsS B{I-aW - -am-sW-¶v hymJym\n¡p-t¼m-gmWv kl-Xm-]w. tIc-f¯ - nse aZy- hnÂ]-\-im-eI - -fpsS ap¼n-epÅ Iyqhnsâ At\-Ia - -S-§p-hcpw C¯cw aXm-[n-jvTnX t{]Xm-t\z-jI - -À¡v ap¶nse BÄ¡q-«w. bmsXmcp aqe[-\hpw Bh-iy-an-Ãm-¯Xpw Gähpa[nIw em`-ap-­m¡m³ Ign-bp-¶X - p-amb _nkn-\-kmbn C¶v t{]Xm-t\zjWw amdn-¡-gn-ªp. t{]Xmt\zjW - ¯ - n\v Hcp imkv{Xob kao] - \ - hpa - p­ - v. Hcp \à imkv{XÚ ³ Ft¸mgpw ktµl - h - mZnb - mb - nc - n¡pw kwib \ - nh - À¯n¡ - mbn tNmZy§ - Ä tNmZn¨ - ps - Im­ - nc - n¡ - pw. imkv{Xob sXfnh - pI - Ä \nc ¯n hniZ-oI - c - n¡ - m³ Ignb - p¶ - X - ph - sc H¶ns - \ bpw XÅpI - tbm sImÅpI - tbm sN¿nà - . Hcp aXm[ - nj - vTnX t{]Xmt\zj - I - \pw imkv{Xo b t{]Xmt-\zj - I - \pw X½ne - pÅ hy Xymkw hyàa - mW - v. aXm[ - nj - vTnX t{]Xm-t\z-j-I\v tNmZy-§-fp­mI - nà - . D¯c - § - Ä am{Xt-ab - pÅq. Abmf - psS ZrjvSnb - n kw ib - n¡ - p¶ - Xv henb ]m]a - mW - v. hnizmkw am{Xta ]mSpÅq. A bmÄ - Ft¸mgpw AÂ`pX - § - f - n  hnizk - n¡ - p¶ - p. Abmf - psS hnizmk - s¯ Xr]vXns - ¸S-p¯ - m ³ Bbnc - tam c­mb - nc - tam A Xne - pt-as - dtbm ]g¡ - a - pÅ {K Ù-§Ä DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn-¡p-¶p, kz´w Xet-¨md - ns\ hn{ia - n¡ - m ³ A\ph - Z-n¡ - p¶ - p. F¶m imkv{Xob kao] - \w C§s - \ bÃ. t{]X`h\ - § - f - nepw, Hä-

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Infn¸ - m«v

s¸« Øe§ - f - nepw Ds­¶v ]db - s - ¸S-p¶ Akm[ - mc - W kw `h§ - f - psS ImcW - § - Ä hkvXp\nj - vT-ambn At\zj - n-¡pI - b - m Wv Hcp imkv{Xob t{]Xmt\zjI - ³ sN¿p¶ - X - v. Akm[ - mc Wpw Akzm` - mh - nI - h - ps - a¶v IcpXs - ¸«-nc - p¶ ]e {]Xn` - mk - § fpw imkv{X¯ - nsâ ]nSnb - ne - mbXv C¯cw At\zj - W§fp sS ^ea - mb - mW - v. ih¸ - d - ¼ - pI - f - n se Aánbpw, \mbIÄ HmcnbnSp¶ - Xpw, am\s¯ sImÅna - o\ - pIfpw, acp` - qa - nb - nse \ngÂ\mS-I - §fpw Nqfw hnfnI - fpw ASp¯ - Imew hsc t{]Xmß - m¡ - f - p sS kz´a - mb - nc - p¶ - p. imkv{Xo-b-amb At\z-j-W-§-fpsS Np h-Sp-]n-Sn¨v [mcmfw I]S imkv{X-Im-c³am cpw t{]Xmt\zj-Icpw (pseudo scientific paranormal investigators) Ah-X-cn-¨n-«p-­v. aXm-[njvTnX t{]Xm-t\z-j-I-sc-t¸mse Ae-dn-hn-fn-¡p-Itbm, \r¯w sN¿p-Itbm, adp-`m-j-bn kwkm-cn-¡pItbm sN¿msX XnI¨pw imkv{Xob-sa¶v ImgvN-¡m sc t_m[y-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ coXn-bn-emWv Ah-cpsS {]hÀ ¯-\-§Ä. C Fw F^v aoäÀ (electromagnetic field meter), ]mc-t\mÀa Unä-IvSÀ, HmUntbmþhoUntbm sdt¡mÀUÀ, HbvPm t_mÀUv, sXÀa sdt¡mÀUÀ, Ce-Ivt{Sm-WnIv thmbvkv ^nt\m-an\ (EVP) sdt¡mÀ UÀ, tdUn-tb-j³ Unä-IvSÀ XpS-§nb D]-I-c-W-§-fm Wv Ch-cpsS ]Wn-bm-bp-[-§Ä. Bßm-hn-s\bpw t{] Xs¯bp-saÃmw Is­-¯m³ Cu D]-I-cW-§Ä¡v Ign-bp-at{X! Hcp kq¸À \mNz-d temI¯v Ae-ªpXn-cn-bp¶ Bßm-¡Ä, AhÀ `qan-bn ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡m sX Ah-ti-jn-¸n-¨n-«p-f-f B{K-l-§Ä ]qÀ¯o-I-cn¡m-\mbn Chn-sS-sb-¯pat{X! ac-W-¯n\p tijhpw Pohn-X-ap-s­¶v t_m[y-s¸-Sp-¯m-\mWv C¯cw I]-Sim-kv{X-t{]-Xm-t\z-j-IÀ {ian-¡p-¶-Xv. temI-¯mIam\w C¯-c-¯n-epÅ \qdv I-W-¡n\v tKmÌv l­nMv skmssk-än-I-fp-­v. CS-bv¡nsS A hÀ Is­-¯nb t{]X§fpsS Nn{X-§fpw ho Un-tbm-Ifpw hnhn[ am[y-a-§-fn-eqsS ]pd¯p- hn-Sm-dp-ap-­v. F¶m C¯cw I s­-¯-ep-IÄ Hcp imkv{X kwL¯n\p ap¼n Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡m t\m hne-bn-cp-¯Â \S-¯mt\m ChÀ X¿m-d-Ã. imkv{Xob kao]\w F´m-sW¶pt]mepw C h-cn ]eÀ¡p-a-dn-bnà F¶XmWv hmkvX-hw. C¯cw BfpIÄ t{]Xth«bv¡v D]-tbm-Kn¡p-¶Xv imkv{Xob D]-I-c-W§Ä Xs¶-bmWv F¶-XmWv P\-§-fn Ch-tcm-Spff aXn¸v hÀ[n-¡m³ Imc-Ww. F¶m `uXnI kma-{Kn-IÄ D]-tbm-Kn ¨v Hcp A`u-XnI {]Xn-`m-k s¯ F§s\ Is­¯pw F ¶v tNmZn-¨m D¯-c-ap-­m-InÃ. Bßm-hn\pw t{]X-¯n\pw


ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX `uXnI AkvXn-Xz-an-Ã-tÃm-. KoKÀ Iu­À, C Fw F^v F¶Xv hni-Zo-I-cn-¡s¸tSUnä-IvSÀ, Atbm¬ Unä-IvSÀ, C³{^m-sdUv Iymad, ­-Xp­v. hnZypXvIm´nI C hn ]n sdt¡mÀUÀ, ssat{Im-t^m¬ XpS§n t{] kvs]Iv{S-¯nse AwK-§ Xm-t\z-j-IÀ D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ D]-I-c-W-§Ä F fpw Ah-bpsS Dd-hn-S-§ Ãmw Xs¶ sslþ-sSIv kmt¦-XnI hnZy-bn {] fpw Bhr-¯n-bp-sa-Ãmw hÀ¯n-¡p¶ imkv{Xob D]-I-c-W-§Ä Xs¶C¶v GsXmcp imkv bm-Wv. F¶m Cu D]-I-c-W-§-fpsS D]-tbm {X-hn-ZymÀYn¡pw kp Kw t{]Xmßm-¡sf Is­-¯p-I-b-Ã. DZm-l-c]-cn-Nn-X-am-Wv. F W-ambn KoKÀ Iu­À Xs¶ ]cn-tim-[n ¶m C Fw F^v ¡mw. Bä-§fpw X·m-{X-Ifpw Atbm-Wp-I-fm Unä-IvSÀ D]-tbm-Knbn amdp-t¼m-gp-­m-Ip¶ tdUn-tb-j³ Af-¡p¡p¶ t{]Xmt\z-j¶-Xn-\pÅ D]-I-c-W-am-Wn-Xv. t{]Xmßmhv BäIÀ Bßm-hnsâ tc §ÄsIm­v \nÀan-¡-s¸-«Xpw AXv k_v-þ-B-tämJm-Nn-{X-§Ä ]pd-¯panI IW-§sf DÕÀPn-¡p-¶-Xp-am-sW-¦n am{X hn-Sp-¶p-ap-­v. ià-amb ta KoKÀ Iu-­À D]-tbm-Kn¨v Is­-¯m³ Ign-bq. Hcp hnZyp-XvIm-´nI t£ A§s\Is­-¯n-¡-gn-ªm GXp-Xcw Bä-§fm {X-¯nsâ km¶n-[y-¯n-em Wv t{]X¯nep-Å-sX¶v ]d-bm-w. AsX-´m-bmepw t{] Wv C¯cw Nn{X-§-sf-Sp-¡pXs¯ I­p-]n-Sn¨p F¶v ]d-bp-I-b-ÃmsX GXp-X-c-¯n¶Xv F¶-XmWv CXnsâ ImcepÅ Bä-§fpw X·m-{X-I-fp-amWv t{]X¯nep-Å-sX¶v Ww. t£{X-¯nsâ Xo{hX hÀ Hcp t{]Xm-t\z-j-I\pw CXp-hsc ]d-ªn-«n-Ã. t{]X¯nsâ `mKyw. AÃm-sX[n-¡p-¶-Xn-\-\p-k-cn¨v UnäIvSä-dn ´p- ]-d-bm³. cq]w-sIm-Åp¶ kná-ep-IÄ t{] Nne t{]Xmt\zj-IÀ UuknMv ZWvUp-I-fmWv D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xv. In Xmt\zj-Isâ `mh-\-b-\p-k-cn¨v WÀ Ipgn-¡m³ Øm\w ImWp-¶-Xn\v \m«n³]p-d-¯pÅ Nne sNdp-InS Bim t{]Xm-ßm-hmbn Nn{Xo-I-cn-¡mw. B ³amÀ D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ ZWvUp-ambn CXn\v kmZr-iy-ap-­v. sNdp-InS F¶p- ]-d´-cnI DuÀP-km-¶n[yw Af-¡m³ bm³ Imc-W-ap-­v. a®nse [mXp-k-¼-¯v, s]t{Sm-fnbw km¶n[yw, kzÀWIgn-bp-sa¶v Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sp¶ InÀ ¯nsâ Afhv F¶nh ZWvUp-]-tbm-Kn¨v Is­-¯p¶ h³InS hnZz-m³am-cpen-b³ t^mt«m-{K-^nbpw DbÀ¶ ap­v. ]t£ ZWvUv -H-cp `uXnI hkvXp-hm-W-tÃm. t{]X§Ä A§-s\-b-Ã-XmhnZyp-XvIm-´nI- t£-{X-¯nsâ km \pw. C hn ]n sdt¡mÀU-dp-IÄ D]-tbm-Kn¨v t{]X§fpsS i_vZw sdt¡mÀUv ¶n-[y-¯n am{Xw {]hÀ¯-\-£-asN¿p-¶-h-cmWv Hcp Iq«w t{]Xmt\z-j-IÀ. hfsc sNdnb i_vZw apX a\pamb I]-S-im-kv{X-am-Wv. imkv{Xob jysâ {imhy-]-cn-[n¡v shfn-bn-epÅ i_vZw hsc sdt¡mÀUv sN¿m³ CXpambn C¯cw At\z-j-W-§Ä \SsIm­v Ign-bp-sa-¶mWv Ah-cpsS hmZw. Nne i_vZ-§Ä AhÀ sdt¡mÀUv ¯p-¶-hÀ ap³hn-[n-I-fn-ÃmsX ]cosNbvXn-«p-ap-­v. Ccp-«pÅ apdn-I-fn-emWv sdt¡mÀUnMv \S-¡p-¶-Xv. ]q¨-bp-sS£-W-§-fn-teÀs¸-Sp-Ibpw AXn-\mi_vZtam, t{]Xm-t\z-j-Isâ ]mZ-]-X-\-tam, Ce-I-fpsS aÀa-c-tam, P\ Nn-Ãph-iy-amb D]-I-c-W-§Ä cq]o-I-cnIÄ Cf-Ip-¶tXm Hs¡-bm-hm-\mWv km[y-X-sb-¦nepw t{]Xm-t\z-j-IÀ AXv ¡m³ {ian-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-t¼mÄ AwKo-I-cn-¡n-Ã. Ccp-«pÅ apdn-bn sdt¡mÀUnMv \S-¡p-¶-Xn-\m i_vZI]-S-im-kv{X-Im-c³amÀ Ah-cpsS ¯nsâ Dd-hnSw Is­-¯m\pw {]bm-k-am-Wv. ap³hn-[n-IÄ¡v ]mI-amb Ip¸mbw Bßmhv F¶m Hcp DuÀP-tam, DuÀP-¯nsâ Hcp cq]tam BsW¶v Xbv¸n-¡m³ imkv{Xs¯ Zpcp-]hymJym-\n-¡p-¶-h-cmWv Nne t{]Xmt\zj-IÀ. Bßm-¡Ä DuÀP- hn-In-c-WtbmKw sN¿p-I-bmWv. Bßm-hns\ §Ä DÕÀPn-¡m-dp-ap-­v. C³{^m-sdUv Iyma-d-IÄ D]-tbm-Kn¨v Cu hnIn-c-Whnfn-¨p-h-cp¯n `mhn-{]-h-N\w \S§sf UnäIvSv sN¿m³ Ign-bp-a-t{X. Ccp-«n Nn{X-§-sf-Sp-¡m³ C³{^m-sdUv ¯p¶ HbvPm t_mÀUv Kth-j-Icpw Iyma-d-IÄ D]-tbm-Kn-¡m-dp-­v. hkvXp-¡-fn \n¶v ]pd-s¸-Sp¶ Xm]-hn-In-c-Wimkv{Xw sIm­v X§-fpsS I]-Skn-²m-´-§sf Bh-cWw sN¿p-¶§sf (Infrared Radiation) Is­-¯p-¶-Xn-\mbn \nÀan-¨n-«pÅ D]-I-c-W-am-Wnh-cm-Wv. Xv. C³{^m-sdUv Iymad D]-tbm-Kn¨v Nn{X-sa-Sp-¡-W-sa-¦n Xm]-hn-In-c-W-§ t{]X`h-\-§Ä hntZ-i-§Ä DÕÀPn-¡p¶ Hcp `uXn-I- h-kvXp- th-Ww. t{]X`h-\§-fn \n¶v \nc-h[n fn am{X-a-à C³Uy-bnepw [mcm-ft{]X§fpsS C³{^m-sdUv Nn{X-§Ä t{]Xm-t\z-j-IÀ¡v e`n-¨n-«p-­v. efn-Xap-­v. cmPkvXm-\nse AÂhm-dnbp-àn- aXn CsX-´p-sIm-­m-sW¶v a\-Ên-em-¡m³. Hcp apdn\p-k-ao-]-apÅ `wKÀ {Kma-¯n bnse sseäv Hm^v sNbvXm B \nanjw Xs¶ apdn-bnse se tIm« C¯-c-¯n-epÅ shfn¨w A{]-Xy-£-ambn Ccp-«m-Ipw. F¶m _Ä_n \n t{]X`h-\§Hcp t{]Xme-b-am-Wv. kqcym¶pw ]pd-¯p-h-cp¶ Xm]-hn-In-c-W-§Ä Gsd t\cw \nefn \n¶v \nc-h[n kvX-a-b-¯n-\p-tijw Cu \n¡pw. C³{^m-sdUv Iymad D]-tbm-Kn¨v apdn-bn `mK-t¯¡v Bcpw t]mIn\n¶v Nn{X-sa-Sp-¯m Iyma-d-bn Xm]-hn-In-c-W-§Ä t{]X§fpsS C³{^mÃ. ]pcm-hkvXp hIp-¸pw ]Xn-bpw. Cu tcJm-Nn-{X-§sf t{]Xmt\z-j-Isâ `mhsdUv Nn{X-§Ä t{]XmSqdnkw Un¸mÀ«- v s a \-b-\p-k-cn¨v Bßm-hnsâ km¶n-[y-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cnâpw Chn-tS-¡pÅ cm ¡mw. t\z-j-IÀ¡v e`n-¨n-«p-­v. {Xn-Ime k©mcw \n C Fw F-^v Unä-IvSÀ D]-tbm-Kn¨v Bßm-hn efn-X-bp-àn- aXn tcm-[n-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. s\ Xnc-bp¶hcmWv Hcp Iq«w t{]Xmt\zjIÀ. hnZypCsX´p-sIm-­m-sW¶v Bc-hÃn ae-\n-c-I-fpsS XvIm-´nI hnIn-c-W-§Ä DÕÀPn-¡p¶ hkvXp-Isf Iogn-epÅ Cu {Kma-{]tZIs­-¯p-¶-Xn-\pÅ imkv{Xob D]-I-c-W-amWv C Fwa\-Ên-em-¡m³. i¯v cm{Xn- I m- e - § - f n F-^v Unä-IvSÀ. F¶m Hcp A`u-XnI hkvXp F§ h\y-ar-K-§-fp-sSbpw ]m¼v s\bmWv hnZyp-XvIm-´nI hnIn-c-W-§Ä DÕÀPn-¡p-¶Xv

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX Dĸ-sS-bpÅ Cg-P-´p-¡-fp-sSbpw B{I-aWw cq£-am-b-Xp-sIm-­mWv \ntcm-[\w GÀs¸-Sp¯nbXv. F¶m  t{]X-§Ä Imc-W-amWv CsX¶v hniz-kn-¡m-\mWv P\-§Ä¡n-jvSw. Idp-¯ -a-W ImW-s¸-Sp¶ KpP-dm¯nse Uypa Xoc-{]-tZiw t{]X-§fpsS hnlm-c- `qanbm-sW-¶mWv A ¶m-«p-ImÀ Icp-Xp-¶-Xv. 2014  U ln-bpsS {]m´-{]-tZ-i-§-fnse I ¼yq«-dp-I-fn AÀ[-cm-{Xn-bn {] Xy-£-s¸-« shfp¯ \ng-ens\ Npän ¸-änbpw t{]X-hmÀ¯-IÄ ]c-¶n-cp¶p. F¶m Nne I¼yq-«-dp-I-fn C³ÌmÄ sNbvX skÂ^vþt{]m {Km-anMv tkm^vä-sh-bÀ hcp-¯n-h¨ hn\-bm-Wn-sX¶v ]n¶oSv a\-Ên-embn. X\nsb sXfn-bp¶ _Ä_p-IÄ, kzbw {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ tSmbveäv ^v fjp-IÄ, _m¯vdpw jh-dp-IÄ, Nn e-¦bpsS i_vZw, X\nsb s]m«p¶ I®m-Sn-IÄ, hmXn-en CS-hn-«p-­mIp¶ X«Â i_vZ-§Ä XpS-§n-b-hbmWv t{]X-`-h-\-§-fpsS {][m-\-e£-W-§Ä. lÀ«vt^mÀUvsj-bÀ bqWnth-gvkn-än-bnse s{]m^-k-dmb dn¨m ÀUv sshkvam³ {]apJ t{]Xm-t\zj-I-cp-ambn \S-¯nb A`n-ap-J-¯n  (Live Science – 2011) t{]Xm-t\z-jIÀ Nq­n-¡m-Wn¨ t{]Xm-e-b§sfÃmw AXn-ssi-Xy-ta-J-e-bn-epÅ sI«n-S-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p. sXÀa ]mtäWp-I-fn-epÅ Nm©m-«-amWp C¯ cw hoSp-I-fnse anYym-ZÀi-\-§Ä¡v Imc-W-sa¶v sXfn-bn-¨n«pw t{]Xmt\z-j-IÀ hn«p-sIm-Sp-¯n-Ã. cm{Xn Ime¯v tIÄ¡p¶ Nne t\cnb i_vZ-§Ä a\p-jysc `b-s¸-Sp-¯mdp­v. c­v Imc-W-§-fmWv CXn\p ]n¶n-ep-Å-Xv. ]e-t¸mgpw C¯cw i_vZ-ho-Nn-I-fpsS Dd-hnSw A]-cn-NnX-am-bn-cn-¡pw. cm{Xn-bn s]mXpsh hml-\-§-fp-sSbpw aäpw i_vZw Ipdhm-b-Xp-sIm­v hfsc AIse \n ¶p-apÅ t\cnb i_vZw t]mepw t{imXm-hnsâ sNhn-bn-se-¯pw. Ddhn-S-a-dn-bm¯ i_vZw t{imXm-hns\ Akz-Ø-\m-¡pI kzm`m-hn-I-amWv. c­m-a-s¯- Im-cWw ssPh- ]-cn-Wma-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«p-Å-XmWv. a\pjy- a-kvXnjvIw ]cn-W-an-¨Xv shfn¨-t¯mSv B`n-apJyw ]peÀ¯p¶ Xc-¯n-emWv. Ccp«pw GIm-´Xbpw akvXn-jvIs¯ Akz-Ø-am-¡pw. a\p-jy- t\-{X-¯nse tIm¬-þ-tdm-Uv tIm-i-§-fp-sS hn\ym-khpw IrjvWa-Wn-bpsS kt¦m-N-hn-Im-k-§fpw ]cn-tim-[n-¨m C¡mcyw hyà-amIpw. aäv P´p-I-fn \n¶v hn`n-¶ambn a\p-jysâ IrjvW-a-Wn-bpsS

32

Infn¸ - m«v

kt¦m-N-hn-Im-k-§Ä Xmc-X-tay\ Ipd-hm-Wv. tdm-Uv tImi-§Ä aäv P´p-¡-fp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sN¿pt¼mÄ ZpÀ_-e-hp-am-Wv. AXn-\m Ccp«v a\p-jys\`b-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ {] Xn-`m-k-am-Wv. FÃm hn`m-K-¯n s¸« t{]Xm-t\z-j-Icpw Bßm-hn sâ km¶n[yw Xncn-¨-dn-ªXv Ccp«pÅ apdn-I-fnepw cm{Xn-Im-e-§-fn-epamWv F¶-XvIqSn Iq«n-hm-bn-¡pt¼mÄ Bßm-hnsâ Ccp-«n-t\m-SpÅ {]Wbw hyà-am-Ipw. ]oäÀ {_qKÀ, {Inss̳ tamÀ F¶o imkv{X-Ú-cpsS ]T-\§Ä (2008) Hcp Imcyw hyà-am-¡p¶p­v. Nne kzm`m-hnI {]Xn-`m-k§Ä sXän-²-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xp-sIm­mWv ]eÀ¡pw t{]X-ZÀi-\hpw Bßm-hnsâ km¶n-[yhpw A\p-`-hs¸-Sp-¶-Xv. C¯cw anYym- ZÀi-\-§fpsS bmYmÀYyw At\z-jn-¡p-¶Xnt\m, Ah-bpsS hni-Zo-I-cWw tX Sp-¶-Xnt\m Bcpw sa\-s¡-Sm-dn-Ã. kznävkÀe-­nse eqkm³ s^Ud t]mfn-sS-Iv\n-¡nse imkv{XÚ-\mb Hem-^v »m¦pw kwLhpw \S-¯nb Utam¬kvt{S-j³ (2014) {it²-b-am-Wv. ]mct\mÀa A\p-`h-§Ä D­m-Ip-¶Xv ]pd-sa-b-sà ¶pw Hmtcm-cp-¯-cp-sSbpw akvXn-jv ¡-¯n-\p-Ån-em-sW¶pw hyà-am¡p-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p imkv{X-kw-L¯nsâ ]co-£Ww. \yqtdm-f-Pn-¡Â þ sskIym-{Sn-¡Â I­o-j-\p-I-fneqsS IS-¶p-t]m-Ip¶ hyàn-I-fn t{]X-ZÀi\w \ntXy-\-sb-t¶mWw kw`hn-¡p¶p. Xsâ sXm«-Sp¯v Btcm D­v, Xs¶ Btcm D]-{Z-hn¡m³ {ian-¡p-¶p, X\n-¡-h-tcmSv kwkm-cn-¡m³ Ign-bp¶p F¶ Xc¯n-emWv Ah-cpsS `mh-\-IÄ ]d¶p-b-cp-¶Xv. kzbw t_m[hpw Ne\hpw Øe-Im-e- \nÀW-bhpw \nb{´n-¡p¶ akvXn-jvI- `m-K-¯p-­mIp¶ hyXn-bm-\-§-fmWv C¯cw {`a-IÂ]-\-IÄ¡v ]n¶n-se-¶mWv imkv { X- k wLw Is­- ¯ n- b - X v . "{jotkm-{^o-\nb' F¶ am\-kn-ItcmKw A\p`-hn-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v C¯ cw anYym-ZÀi-\-§fpw hn{`m-´n-Ifpw km[m-c-W-bmbn D­m-Im-dp-­v. t{]Xm-e-b-§fpw ivaim-\-§ fpw F¡m-ehpw P\-§sf BIÀjn¨n-«p-­v. A¯cw Øe§sf Npän-¸än-bpÅ IY-IÄ¡pw Zpcq-l-X-IÄ ¡pw Bkzm-Z-I-tc-sd-bmWv. hÀj§Ä¡v ap¼v F§-s\-bmWv P\§Ä Pohn-¨n-cp-¶Xv, F§-s\-bm-bncp¶p Ah-cpsS A´yw F¶-t\z-jn¡m-\pÅ Ncn-{Xm-t\z-jW Xzc-tb¡mÄ A¡m-e¯v ZpÀa-cWw kw`-

hn-¨-h-cpsS Bßm-¡Ä {]Xn-Imc Zmln-I-fmbn Ae-ªp-\-S-¡p-¶p F¶ Xc-¯n-ep-f-f IY-I-tfm-SmWv IqSp-X t]cpw B`n-apJyw ImWn¡p-¶Xv. Sn hn t{]m{Km-ap-IÄ tdänMv DbÀ¯m³ th­nbpw, t{]Xm-t\zj-IÀ {]kn-²-cm-Im³ th­nbpw C¯cw IY-IÄ¡v t{]mÕm-l\w \ÂIp-¶p-ap-­v. F¶m CXn-ep-ta sd kwL-Sn-Xhpw hnkvXr-X-hp-amWv CXn-\p-]n-¶nse I¨-hS XmÂ]cyw. ]mc-t\mÀa C³sh-Ìn-tK-äÀamÀ ¡v Bh-iy-amb D]-I-c-W-§Ä hn ¡p-¶- -h³ hym]mc irwJe tem I-hym-]-I-am-bp-­v. shfp-¯p-Å-n¸q¡-fpw, tlmfn-hm-«-dpw, teml-¯-InSp-sam-¶p-aà AhÀ hn¡p-¶-Xv. C³{^m-sdUv Iyma-d-Ifpw C Fw F^v aoäÀ t]mse-bp-ff D]-I-c-W-§fp-am-Wv. ]mÝmXy cmPy-§-fn-emWv Ch-cpsS hym]m-c -irw-Je IqSp-X {i² -tI-{µo-I-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. XpS¡-¡m-c-\mb Hcp t{]Xm-t\z-j-I\v th­ D]-I-c-W-§Ä AS-§nb Hcp ]mc-t\mÀa bqWn-än\v {_n«-\n 105 ]u­mWv hne. t{]Xm-t\z-j-I sâ t{KUv IqSp-¶-Xn-\-\p-k-cn¨v D]I-c-W- In-änsâ t{KUpw, hnebpw hÀ [n¡pw. 500 ]u­pw 1000 ]u­pw hne-bpÅ Inäp-IÄ hn]-Wn-bn e`y-am-Wv. Hm¬sse³ _nkn-\kv \S-¯p¶ \nc-h[n sh_vssk-äpIfpw \ne-hn-ep-­v. theghostkit.com F¶ sh_vsskäv Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sp¶Xv Gähpw B[n-Im-cn-I-amb ]mct\mÀa Inäp-IÄ hnX-cWw sN¿p¶Xv X§-fm-sW-¶m-Wv. dntam«v C³{^m-sdUv sXÀtam-ao-äÀ, dnb ssSw kv]ncnäv t_mIvkv, t]mÀ«-_n Ä tamj³ sk³kÀ, ]mc-kvtIm]v XpS-§nb D]-I-c-W-§Ä Ah-cpsS Inän-ep-­m-Ipw. CXn-s\Ãmw \à hne-bp-ap-­v. F¶m Cu D]-I-c-W§-sf-Ãmw- D]-tbm-Kn-¨n«pw CXp-hsc HcmÄ¡pw Bßm-hn-s\tbm t{]Xs¯tbm Is­-¯m³ Ign-ªn-«n-Ã. Ah-Im-i-hm-Z-§Ä apd-sX-ämsX D ­m-Ip-¶p-­v. ]s£ H¶n\pw sXfnhp-IÄ \nc-¯m³ Ign-ªn-«n-Ã. Hcp Imcyw hyà-am-Wv. ]­v ISa-ä¯v I¯-\mcpw \m«nse a{´-hmZn-I-fpw ]nSn-Iq-Sp-Ibpw Bhm-ln¨v BWn-b-Sn¨v ac-¯n Xd-bv¡p-I bpw D¨m-S\w \S¯p-Ibpw sNbvX b£nbpw t{]Xhpw adp-Xbpw B ßm-hp-aà C¶p-Å-Xv. AhÀ \S-¯nb-Xp-t]mse sNe-hp-Ip-dª t{]Xmt\z-j-W-hp-aà C¶p-ÅXv. C¶v CsXmcp h³InS _nkn-\-km-Wv.


ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX APn¯v sh®n-bqÀ 9895603170

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Ynhym Huj-[-b-au-j-[o-t`-ymƒ¶w A¶mXv ]pcp-jm-kh Gj ]pcp-tjmƒ ¶ck-a-b...'' `qan (]r-Y-zn)bn \n¶v Huj-[n-Ifpw Huj-[n-Ifn \n¶v Blm-chpw (A-¶w)Blm-c-¯n \n ¶v Øqeico-c (-]p-cp-j³)hpw D­m-bn. (bPqÀ th-Zw) Blm-cs¯ Huj-[-ambpw Btcm-K-y¯nsâ ASn-Øm\LS-I-ambpw Xncn-¨-dnª al-¯m-b ]mc-¼-c-y-¯nsâ Ah-Im-in-I-fm Wv \mw. AXn-]p-cm-X-\-Imew apX `£-W¯nsâ KpW-¯nepw sshhn-[-y-¯nepw Akmam-\-y-amb \njvT ]peÀ¯n-bn-cp¶ kaq-l-h-y-hØ \½psS Ncn-{X-¯n-ep-S-\ofw ImWmw. hym-h-km-bnI hn¹-h-t¯msS \½psS Pohn-Xm-ht_m-[-¯nepw ImgvN¸m-Snepw ssZ\w-Zn\Pohn-X-¯nep-ap­mb amäw `£W k¦Â]-t¯bpw `t£-ym ]m-Z\hy-h-Ø-I-tfbpw XInSw adn-¨p. kl-{km-_vZ-§fmbn \mw BÀPn¨ Adn-hpw Xncn-¨-dnhpw A{]-k-à-ambn. `uXnI t\«-§Ä¡pth­n-bp-ff ]c¡w ]m¨n-en\n-S-bn hnh-chpw hnth-Ihpw \mw ASn-b-d-h-¨p. lcn Xhn¹-h-t¯msS B {]{Inb ]mc-a-y-¯n-se-¯n. B tKm-f-hÂI-cWhpw DZm-c-hÂI-c-Whpw \mw s\ t©mSp tNÀ¯-tXmsS Nn{Xw GXm­v ]qÀWambn. BtKm-f-Ip-¯-I-IÄ ImÀjn-I-ta-J-e-bnepw `t£-ymÂ]m-Z\kwkvI-cW {]{In-b-I-fnepw ]nSn-ap-dp-¡n-b-tXmsS kl-{km-_vZ-§-fmbn \mw Im¯p-kq-£n¨ \½psS ImÀjnI ssh hn-[-yhpw AXn-eqsS Blm-c-ssh-Pm-X-yhpw \ap¡v \jvS-am-bn. Blm-c-s¯-¡p-dn-¨p-ff k¦Â]hpw AXn-t\m-Sp-ff at\m-`m-hhpw amdn. Btcm-K-y-¯nsâ ASn-Øm-\-L-SIw F¶ \ne-bnÂ\n¶v hni-¸-S-¡m\pw cpNn Bk-z-Zn-¡m-\pap-ff D]m-[n-bmbn AXp-am-dn. AtXmsS `£Ww tIhew "hnt\m-Z'h-kvXp-hm-bn-am-dn. I®n\pw \mhn \pw CjvS-s¸« `£-y-h-kvXp-¡Ä \½psS \nX-ym-lm-c¯n CSw-]n-Sn-¨p. Btcm-Kyw Bip-]-{Xn-I-fn \n¶v In«p-sa¶v \mw Bi-z-kn¨p, hni-zkn¨p. km£-c-X-bnepw hnZ-ym-`-ym-k-¯nepw cmjv{Sob Ah-t_m-[-¯nepw Ipdª inip-a-cW \nc-¡nepw C³U-y-bnse anI¨ kwØm-\-sa¶v t]cp-tI« tIcfw Pohn-X-ssi-eo-tcm-K-§-fn C¶v H¶mw Øm\-¯m-Wv. lrt{ZmKw, {]talw, cà-k-½ÀZw, Iym³kÀ XpS-§nb tcmK-§-fn tZiob icm-i-cn-bpsS ]e-aS§v ap¶n-emWv \mw. ImcWw Fs´¶pw \ap-¡-dn-bmw.

Blm-c-¯nse sshhn-[yw : kX-yhpw anY-ybpw BtKmf-hÂI-c-W-¯nsâ {][m\t\«-§-fn-sem-¶mbn \mw sIm«n-KvtLmjn-

¡p-¶-XmWv `£-y-h-kvXp-¡fnse hÀ[n¨ sshhn-[-yw. i cn-bm-Wv. kq¸ÀamÀ¡-äp-Ifn t{Smfn-bp-ambn Np-äp ¶ HcmÄ XoÀ¨-bmbpw `£- y - h - k v X p- ¡ - f psS sshhn-[yw I­v Np än-t¸mIpw F¶ Im c-y-¯n kwi-b-an Ã. temI-¯nsâ G Xp-tIm-Wnepw \nÀan ¨ Blm-c-h-kvXp-¡Ä \ap-¡-hnsS ImWmw. \yq-kn-emân \n¶p-ff ]mÂ, Hmkvt{S-en-b-bn \n¶p-ff B¸nÄ, Xmbveân  \n¶p-ff tkmb, ssN\bn \n¶pw P¸m-\n \n¶p-apff ]IpXn thhn¨ amwk-§Ä cmk-hkvXp¡fn ap¡n-sb-Sp¯ ]g-hÀK-§Ä, sdUn äp Ip¡v þ sd Un äp Cuäv CÍ-enbpw tZmibpw N¸m-¯nbpw ]qcnbpw A§s\ Fs´Ãmw! Sn¶p-I-fnepw t]mfn-¯n ³Iq-Sp-I-fn-ep-a-S¨ Akw-Jyw "tÌm ¡p-'IÄ thsd-bpw. CXmtWm `£W-ssh-hn-[-yw?

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

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ab¡p¶ P\{]nbX kq¸ÀamÀ¡-äp-I-fn t{Smfn-bp-ambn Np-äp¶ HcmÄ XoÀ¨-bmbpw `£-y-h-kvXp-¡-fpsS sshhn-[yw I­v Npän-t¸mIpw F¶ Imc-y-¯n kwi-b-anÃ. kq£vaambn \nco-£n-¡p-t¼mÄ Hcp-Im-e¯v c­m-bn-c-t¯mfw s\Ãn-\-§Ä \ap-¡p-­m-bn-cp-¶Xmbn {]mNo\{KÙ-§-fn ImWmw. Ah-bn Ac-\q-äm­p ap¼p-hsc e`y-am-bn-cp¶ Bbn-ct¯mfw C\-§Ä ^nen-ss¸³knse CâÀ\m-j-W ssdkv dnkÀ¨v C³Ìn-ä-yq-«n IuXp-I-¡m-gvNbv¡mbn Im¯p-kq-£n-¡p-¶p-­v. kq£va-ambn \nco-£n-¡p-t¼m-gdnbmw, kq¸ÀamÀ¡-än-se Blmc Iq¼m-c-¯n-\n-S-bn \½psS bYm ÀY- `-£-y-ssh-hn-[yw A\yw\n¶pt]m-hp-I-bm-Wv. \mw Gä-hp-a-[nIw `£n-¡p¶ Acn-bpsS Imcyw Xs¶-sb-Sp-¡mw. Hcp-Im-e¯v c­m-bn-c-t¯mfw s\ Ãn-\-§Ä \ap-¡p-­m-bn-cp-¶-Xmbn {]mNo\{KÙ-§-fn ImWmw. Ahbn Ac-\q-äm­p ap¼p-hsc e`y-am-

34

Infn¸ - m«v

bn-cp¶ Bbn-c-t¯mfw C\-§Ä ^nen-ss¸³knse CâÀ\m-j-W ssdkv dnkÀ¨v C³Ìn-ä-yq-«n IuXp-I-¡m-gvN-bv¡mbn Im¯p-kq-£n-¡p-¶p-­v. ""Iqc³, tNmg³ ]g-hcn Id-s¡m-§Ww, sh®¡®³ tamS³, ImS³, Ipdph, sImSn-b³, ]¦n, s]m¦mfn, sNs¶³ B\-t¡m-S³, Infn-bnd, I\-§m-cn-b³ hoc-hn-¯³ ImWmw aäpw ]e-hn-[-ap-S s\Ãp-I-eymW IoÀt¯...'' F¶v "D®p-\o-en-k-tµ-i-'¯nepw Hen-, Ip«m-S³, h«³, ap­-¼-ffn, Icn-¸men, I«n¨, ]d-¼³, tamS³, sNdp-tam-S³, Iga, Acn-hncn, I_-f-h³, sN¶mÀa-Wnb³, Icnw-¡pd, ap­-Iw-]me, sImSn-\nd, Acn-¡n-cmen, If-fn-amSn, h«n-¡p-«mS³, \hc, shfp-¯-\-hc, s]m¶m-cn-b³, ap­-I³ F¶n-§s\ "IrjnKo-X' bnepw hnh-cn-¡p¶ {]mNo\s\Ãn\-§Ä Cs¶-hn-sS-bmWv? Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw PnÃ-bn {]Np-c-{]-Nm-c-¯n-ep-­m-bn-cp¶ Xh-f-I-®³, Bc-y³, tNdmSn, Ipänt¨-dmSn, Xpfp-\m-S³, sIm¨p-hn¯v, b£n-¸me, Iq¯p-sIm-b-¼³ F¶nhsb ¡p-dn¨v ]pXp-X-e-ap-dbv¡v tI«p-tIÄhn t]mep-an-Ã. Acn-bn am{X-aÃ, tNmf-¯nepw Ff-fnepw sX§nepw ]¨-¡-dnbnepw ]g§-fnepw N¡-bnepw am§-bnepw tKmX-¼n-ep-saÃmw k¼-¶-am-bn-cp¶ hnf-sshhn-[yw \ap¡v hos­-Sp-¡m-\mh-m¯-hn[w A\yw \n¶p-t]m-bn. Hmtcm {]tZ-i ¯pw A¶m-«nse Imem-h-Øbv¡pw a®nsâ khn-t-i-j-X-IÄ¡pw P\-§-fpsS Blm-c-io-e-§Ä¡pw A\p-kr-X-ambn Irjn sNbvXp t]m¶ \mS³ `£-y-hkvXp-¡Ä AX-ypÂ]m-Z-\-ti-jn-bp-ff ap´nb k¦-c-C-\-§-fpsS It¼mf¯ f-fn-¨-bn Ft¶-¡p-ambn \ap¡v \jvS-s¸-«p. tIc-f-¯nepw C³U-y-bnepw am{X-aÃ, temI-sa-¼mSpw CXp-Xs¶bmWv kw`-hn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. Cw¥-­n c­m-bnc¯ne-[nIw C\w B¸nÄ D­m-bn-cp-¶-Xmbn tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯-s¸-«n-«p-­v. Ata-cn-¡-bn Ggm-bn-c-t¯m fhpw. C¶v It¼m-f-¯n In«p-¶Xv IjvSn¨v \mtem At©m C\w am{Xw. Dcpf-¡n-g§v, X¡mfn, tNmfw F¶n-h-bpsS Imc-yhpw hy-X-y-kvX-a-Ã. ssN\-bn-ep­m-bn-cp¶ tKmX-¼n-\-§-fn 90 iX-am-\hpw A{]-X-y-£ambn. Ata-cn-¡-bn e`-y-am-bn-cp¶ ]¨-¡-dn-þ-]-g-§-fn 90 iX-am-\-¯n\pw hwi-\miw kw`-hn-¨Xmbn ]T-\§Ä ]d-bp-¶p. 8000 C\w I¶p-Im-en-I-fn 1600 F®w hwi-\m-i-`oj-Wn-bntem ]qÀ-W-ambpw CÃm-Xmb Ah-Ø-bntem BWv. C¶v temI¯v hn]-Wn-bn-se-¯p¶ `£-y-h-kvXp-¡-fn 75 iX-am-\hpw 12 C\w kk-y-§-fn \n¶pw A©v C\w arK-§-fn \n¶p-am-sW¶v temI`£-yImÀjnI kwL-S\ (FAO) dnt¸m-À «n ]d-bp-¶p. `£-y-tbm-K-y-amb G Xm­v aq¶p-e£w kk-y-§-fn a\pj-y³ C¶p-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶Xv 150-þ200 C\-§Ä am{Xw. CXv tIhew `£-W-¯nsâ am{Xw {]iv\-a-Ã. {]]-©-¯ntâbpw a\p-j-yhw-i-¯nsâbpw \ne-\nÂ]nsâIqSn {]iv\-am-Wv. ssPh-ssh-hn-[-y-amWv ]cn-ØnXn k´p-e-\-¯nsâ ASn-thcv. AX-äp-t]m-bm AXns\ B{i-bn ¨p\n¡p¶ Poh-Pm-e-§fpw Bhmk-h-y-h-Øbpw \in-¡pw. Blmcw Hmtcm kaq-l-¯ntâbpw BNm-cm-\p-jvTm-\-§fpw kwkvIm-c hpw PohnXcoXn-bp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«n-cn¡p-¶p. NS-§p-IÄ, Imew, ImemhØ F¶nhbv¡\p-kr-X-ambn `£W-¯nsâ C\hpw Iq«p-Ifpw cpNnbpw am dp-¶p. tcmKm-h-Ø-bn ]Y-ym-lm-chpw tcmK{]- X n- t cm- [ - \ - ¯ n- \ p- f f hnin- j v S m- l m- c - § fpw KÀ`n-Wn-IÄ¡pw Ip«n-IÄ¡p-ap-ff {]tX-y-Im-lm-c§fpw imkv{Xo-b-ambn \nÀW-bn¨v \nÀtZ-in-¨n-cp¶ ]mc-¼-cy hnÚm\w BtKm-f-hÂI-c-W-¯nsâ BLm-X¯n \mSp-\o-§p-I-bmWv. amdp¶ Cu `£-W-kw-kvImcw \s½ FhnsS sIm­p sNs¶-¯n¡pw? Bg-¯n Nn´n-¡p-I-bpw {]hÀ¯n-¡p-Ibpw sNt¿­ kµÀ`w AXn-{I-an-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.


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{Xw hnXcWw sN¿p¶ ]¿\mWp \m«n B hmÀ¯sb¯n¨Xv A©ÂIpän¡Sp¯mtcm N¯p InS¡p¶p! {KmanIf´whnt«mSn. Bcmbncn¡paXv? N¯tXm BßlXy sNbvX tXm? F¦nse´n\mbncn¡pw? F´n\mWbmÄ ChnsS¯s¶ h¶oISpw ssI sNbvXXv? AhcpsS kwib§sfm¶ns¶m¶v GdnsIm­ncp¶p. Adnªhcdnª hÀ A©ÂIpänb¡Spt¯¡p ]mªp. BfpIft\ym\yw t\m¡n B cmªp. Bfp {]mbapÅXm. XmSowapSoap­v. A§s\mcmsf \½sS \m«nenXphsc I­n«nÃ. BÀ¡psamsc¯pw ]nSow In«nbnÃ. Bfmcmbmse´v? DSs\ s]meoknednbn¡pI A{X Xs¶. AÃmsX \ap s¡´p sN¿m\mhpw? Btcm HcmÄ Hcp shÅap­p sIm­p h¶p PUw aqSnbnSms\mcp§nb XmWp. At¶camWp Hcp sNdp¸¡mc³ IS¶ph¶Xv. Hcp hit¯bv¡p Ncn ªmWv PUw InS¶ncp¶Xv. AbmÄs¡mcp ]s¯gp]Xp hbkp {]mbw tXm ¶nbncp¶p. KthjW ]Sphmb bphmhv PU¯nsâ apJt¯bv¡p kq£n¨p t\m¡n. heXp ssIbn ]¨Ip¯nsâ ]mSp I­Xv. Ah³ PnÚmktbmsS Hcp Np Ån¡s¼Sp¯p. AbmfpsS jÀ«nsâ ssI HXp¡n h¨p. Hc©Â¡pänbpsS Nn{XamWh³ Xncn¨dnªXv. Hcp kXyw Is­¯nb kmbqPyt¯msS Ah³ hnfn¨p ]dªp. CXp \½psS A©emi\mtW... AXp tI«]msS amdn\n¶hÀ ASp¯pIqSn... Däp t\m¡n. AhÀ¡p kwi bsam¶panÃmcp¶p. AsX CXbmÄ Xs¶. Cbmfn{XImesahnSmcp¶p? B s]®bmsf Cd¡nhn«XmtWm? AtXm AbmÄ kzta[bm ]pds¸«p t]mbtXm? ZqXdnªp A½nWn¡p«n HmSnsb¯n. Cu kabw s]meokpw hs¶¯n bncp¶p. AXn\p ]n¶mse B¼pe³kpw hm\pw. AhÀ arXtZlw hln¨p sIm­v Bip]{Xnbntebv¡p Xncn¨p. Ahsc AI¼Sn tkhn¨v A½nWn ¡p«nbpw, \m«pImcn Nnecpw. P\¡q«w aS§nt¸mIms\mcp§nbXmWv. At¸mgmWp ]mXtbmc¯p InS ¶ Idp¯ _mKhcpsS {i²bnÂs¸«Xv. CX©emimsâ Xs¶. Hcp kwi tbmanÃ. _mKpw Xq¡n c­p Znhkambn CbmÄ {Kma¯neqsS Id§p¶p­m bncp¶p. sNdp¸¡mcnsemcmÄ Ad¨d¨mWv _mKv IcØam¡nbXv. \ap¡nX½nWnbpsS ho«nse¯n¡mw. BÀ¡paXnseXnÀ¸nÃmcp¶p. AhÀ _mKpw Xq¡n A½nWnbpsS ho«ntebv¡p \S¶p. AhnsS BfpIqSn bncp¶p. t]mÌpamÀ«w Ignªv t_mUnhcm\p¨bmhpw. GtXm ]cnjvIrX bphmhmWXp ]dªXv. AbmÄ GsX¦nepw DtZymK Ø\mhm\mWp km[yX. AbÂhmkn kv{XoIÄ At\ym\yw A\pXm] IY ItfmXn. F¶mepabmfpsS A´yw A©ÂIpän¡Sp¯p Xs¶bmbtÃm? A©ÂIpän AbmÄs¡¶psamcp lcw Xs¶bmbncp¶p. hr²\mb \m Wpth«\bhnd¡n. C³Uy dn¸»n¡mb hÀjamWp {Kma¯n A©em^okv Bcw`n¨Xv. sFk¡pkmdmcp¶mZys¯ t]mÌpamÌÀ. Idp¯p XSn¨v, I«nI®Sbpw dn Ìphm¨paWnª... Abmsf klmbn¡m\mWp tIih³Ip«nsb CuUn t]mÌpam\mbn \nb an¨Xv. AXphsc {Kma¯n\It¯bv¡pw ]pdt¯bv¡pw Fgp¯pI¯pIfn

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

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IY Ãmcp¶p. AXpsIm­v A©em^o kns\ BËmZt¯msSbmWp {Kmao WÀ kzoIcn¨ncp¶Xv. A©em^o kp hcpIm¶p ]dªm NnÃdIm cysam¶paÃtÃm? XpS¡¯n Ccp]Xpdp¸nIbm bncp¶mimsâ amki¼fw. Bim sâ Aѳ sNdp¸¯nte acn¨pt]m bncp¶p.ktlmZc§fmcpanÃmcp ¶p. IjvSn¨p aq¶mw^md¯n ]Tn ¸p \ndp¯nbncp¶p. B hÀjambn cp¶bmfpsSѳ acn¨ncp¶Xv. kz´ambn Hcp sNdnb hoSp­m bncp¶p. `mKy¯n\p Hm«p]pcbmbn cp¶p. AXpsIm­p tIdnInS¡m³ asämcnSw tXtS­nh¶ncp¶nÃ. B dpskâ v Øe¯mbncp¶p hoSv. Hcp hnhmls¯¸än Bim³ Nn´nt¨bnÃmbncp¶p. CuUn Poh \¡mc\p e`n¡p¶ XpI hfsc ]cnanXambncp¶p. AXpsIm­p c­p hbdpIgn¡m³ hfsc _p ²nap«mbncp¶p. CuUn Poh\¡m sc Øncam¡p¶ Hcp Imew hcpw. F¶n«mImw hnhmlw. AXmcp ¶mimsâ Xocpam\w. ]t£ Imew IS¶pt]mbXdn tªbnÃ. F¶n«pw tPmen Øncam ¡psa¶ {]Xo£ sI«ncp¶nÃ. Im ¡n Ip¸mbhpw ImÂ{kmbnbpw kv Iu«v sXm¸nbpw AWnªpÅ A ©Âin]mbnbpsS cq]w DÅn \ndªp \n¶ncp¶p. thj¯n heyamäsam¶pan Ãmcp¶p. F¶n«pw {KmaoWcbmsf AIagnªp kvt\ln¨p. ]IcahÀ ¡bmÄ ]q]p©ncn k½m\n¨p. A£cw ]Tn¨hÀ Ipdhmbncp ¶p. AXpsIm­p I¯p \ÂIpI am{Xaà hmbn¨pw sImSpt¡­nbn cp¶p. ImapI³amcpsSbpw `À¯m ¡³amcpsSbpw I¯pIÄ¡mbn kv {XoIÄ A£atbmsS Im¯ncp¶p. AXpsIm­p Xs¶ Ahcn ]eÀ¡pabmsfmcp ImapI\mbn, `À ¯mhmbn, AhcpsS irwKmcamÀ¶ I¯p hmbn¨ptI«hÀ hn{]ew`h XnIfmbn. AbmÄ kXykÔ\mbncp¶p. I¯pIfpw aWn HmÀUdpIfpaS §nb Dcp¸SnIÄ IrXykab¯v X s¶ AbmÄ hnemk¡mÀ¡p hnX Ww sNbvXncp¶p. {]Xyp]Imc ambn AhÀ Hmtcm \mWbXp«pIÄ \ÂInbncp¶p. Nnecmhs« D¨`£ Ww \ÂIm\pw aSn¨ncp¶nÃ. {ItaW A©emim³ {KmaoW cpsS ASp¯ _Ôphmbn. I¯p IÄ hcm¯hÀ¡bmtfmSp ISp¯ Akqb tXm¶nbncp¶p. I¯bbv ¡m³ ]mI¯n X§fpsS Bcpw

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Infn¸ - m«v

AIe¯nÃm¯Xn AhÀ hnlzeX]q­p. tIih³Ip«nsb¸än t]mÌpamÌÀ¡pw \à aXn¸mbncp¶p. IrXy\njvT bpÅ DtZymKس. Ahsâ \nba\w Øncs¸Sp¯Wsa¶p amÌÀ ]eIpdn ip]mÀi I¯b¨p. F¶meXns\m¶pw ^eap­mbnÃ. apS´³\ymb§Ä \nc¯n taeptZymKØÀ XSnX¸pIbmbncp¶p. CXn\nSbnemWp AbmfpsS PohnXw Hcp hgn¯ncnhnse¯nbXv. tPm enbn {]thin¨n«p ]¯p]Xn\mephÀjambncp¶p. FÃm Znhkhpw sshIp t¶cabmÄ A©ÂIpän¡p ap¶nse¯nbncp¶p.At¸mgmWp ]mXh¡nse Ipän¡m«n \n¶pw Hcp iniphnsâ Ic¨n tI«Xv. AbmÄ i_vZw tI« `mK t¯bvt¡mSn. Abmsf AI¼Sn tkhn¨p Nne buh\¡mcpsa¯n. s]s«¶mcp¶p ssIImen«Sn¡p¶ Hcp tNmc¡pªbmfpsS {i²bn s¸«Xv. \à sNmhsNmhm¶pÅ Hcp s]¬Ipªv! s]än«[nIw t\camhm¯ Hcp s]¬Ipªv. BtcmcpanÃm¯ X\n¡p Cuizc³ X¶XmWo Ipªn s\sb¶bmÄ AßKXw sNbvXp. BËmZt¯msS AbmÄ Ipªpambn ho«ntebv¡p \S¶p. hnhmlw Ign ¡m¯ Bimsâ ho«ne§s\bmsWmcp Ipªnsâ \nehnfn DbÀ¶Xv. AbÂhmknItfmSn¡qSn. AhÀ Ipªns\I­cpatbmsS ssIbnseSp ¯p D½ sImSp¯p. ape sImSp¯p Npcp¡¯n Bim³ tPmen¡p t]mIp t¼mÄ AhÀ amdn amdn Ipªns\]cnNcn¨p. Bim\hsf \µn\n¡p«nsb¶p hnfn¨p. AtXmsS Bimsâ PohnX¯ns\mcp e£yap­mbncp¶p. Bims\mcp s]®psI«v Ip«nsb t\m¡ms\mcmfmhpatÃm? A`ypZbImw £nIfmhiys¸«p. ]t£ AbmfXn\p X¿mdÃmbncp¶p. Xsâ `mcybmbn hcp¶bmÄ \µn\n¡p«nsb t\m¡psas¶´pd¸mWv? BÀ¡pap¯canÃmbn cp¶p. Imew Imämbn IS¶p t]mbn. Bimsâ aIÄ sa{Sn¡ptej³ ]mÊmbn. AhÄ Bscbpw BIÀjn¡p¶ kpµcnbmbn amdnbncp¶p. Adp]¯©mw hbÊn Bim³ s]³j³ ]änbncp¶p. s]³jt\m aäm\pIqey§tfm H¶panÃmsX shdpsamcp CuUnbmbn Xs¶... Pohn¡m³ asämcp hgnbpanÃmbncp¶p. Xm³ am{Xaà ]pc \ndªp \n¡p¶ buh\bpàbmb aIfpw. A§s\bmWbmÄ A§mSnbnse A¨pIqS¯n sXmgnemfnbmbn tNÀ¶Xv. aIÄs¡mcp tPmen In«nbncps¶ ¦n Ahsf BÀs¡¦nepw hnhmlw Ign¨psImSp¡mambncp¶p. ]t£ F´psN¿mw In\mhp ImWm\tà ]äq? A¶bmÄ A¨pIqS¯n \n¶p Xncn¡pt¼mÄ kÔyIgnªncp¶p. \µn\n¡p«n am{Xta ho«nepÅq. AbmÄ thK¯n \S¶p hosS¯nbncp¶p. DÅntebv¡p IS¡m³ ImseSp¯p ]Snbn h¨t¸mÄ DÅnsemcS¡w ]d¨nÂ. Bims\m¶p \Sp§n. BcmSm AXv...? Bim³ Bt{Imin¨psIm­p IXIp Nhn«n Xpd¶p. At¶cw Abmsf X«n amänbn«psIm­p Hcp sNdp¸¡mc³ shfnbntebv¡p NmSn. Xsâ aIfmhs« Xmsg InS¶ hkv{Xw hmcnsbSp¯n«p. XeIp¼n«p \n¶p. FSo Ipcp¯w sI«htf Bt{Imin¨psIm­bmÄ AhfpsS t\tc ssI DbÀ¯n. s]¬a¡Ä {]mbambm sI«n¨phnSWsa¶Xp X´amcpsS ISabm. AhÄ ]dª hm¡pIÄ Nm«pfnt]mse Bimsâ s\©nemWp Xdªp tIdnbXv. adp¯p]dbm³ hm¡pIfnÃmsX inckp Ip\n¨p \n¶p. At¶cw bmsXm cp IqkepanÃmsX AhÄ Iq«nt¨À¯p. ]¯p Imip­m¡msa¶p h¨m AXn\pw X´ k½Xn¡nÃ. Hcp \n[nt]mse Im¯p kq£n¨ncp¶ Xsâ Acpa aIfmWo im]hm¡p tfmXp¶Xv. icnbmWp hfÀ¶p hepXmb Hcp s]¬Ip«n Cu ho«neps­¶ hnNmcw th­nbncp¶p. ]t£ hnNmcn¨ns«´p Imcyw? AhÄ¡pth­n H¶pw IcpXnhbv¡m³ X\n¡mbnÃtÃm? FÃmän\pw ImcW¡mc³ Xm³ Xs¶bmWv. Xsâ IW¡pIq«epIfmWp sXänbXv. C\n ]dªns«´p Imcyw... hoSpw ]d¼pw aIsfbpw Dt]£n¨p A¶nd§nbXmbncp¶mim³... c­p hÀjw Ignªncp¶p. AXnt\mSIw aIÄ c­p Ip«nIsf s]äp Iq«n bncp¶p. AsXms¡ BcpsSXmbncp¶psh¶mÀ¡pw \nÝbanÃmcp¶p. Hcp Znhkw AbmÄ Xsâ aIsf ImWms\¯nbXmbncp¶p. At¸mgmW bmfdnªXp Xm³ hfÀ¯nb aIÄ hfsc Xnc¡psÅmcp thiybmsW¶p. A¶bmÄ A©em^oknsâ hcm´bne´nbpd§n. {]`mX¯n AIte bv¡p th¨p th¨p \S¶XmWv. ]t£ ]n¶mse Nodn]mªp h¶Xp Imesâ h­nbmbncp¶psh¶bmÄ Xncn¨dnªncp¶nÃ...


Ncn-{X-te-J\w {]nb kZvKab 9446080996

h

N§-e-a-c-¯n Xf¨ hb-\m-Snsâ Icn-´-­³ b-\m-«n {_n«ojv B[n-]-X-y-¯n\v XpS-¡-am-Ip¶p

tIc-f-¯nsâ tKm{X-kw-kvIm-c-hpw Ncn-{X-hpw kwKan¡p¶ hb-\m-Snsâ \nKqV-X-IÄ F¶pw \½-fn AÂ`p-X-ap-f-hm-¡p-¶p. ]s¯m³]Xmw \qäm-­p-hsc-bpÅ tIc-f-¯nsâ Ncn-{X-¯n {_n«ojv `c-W-¯n-s\-Xn-cmbn tIc-f-hÀa ]g-Èn-cm-Pmhpw, A\p-bm-bn-Ifpw [otcm-Zm¯w t]mcm-Sn-b-Xns\ kw_-Ôn¨v \ap-¡-dn-bmw. Cw¥ojv CuÌn-³Uym-¡-¼-\n-bpsS `c-W-¯n-s\-Xn-cmbn BZy-am bn Iem]w \S-¯nb cmPm-¡-·m-cn {][m-\n-bm-bn-cp¶p tIc-f-hÀa ]g-Èn-cm-P. tIm«bw `c-W-¯nsâ Iogn-em-bn-cp¶ hb-\m-Snsâ {]m[m\yw a\-Ên-em¡n ssakqÀ `cWm[n-]-\mb Sn¸pkp¯ms\ B{I-an-¡m³ kÀh-hn[ ]n´p-W bpw tIc-f-hÀa ]g-Èn-cmP \ÂIn. 1972-þ \S¶ {iocw-K-]-«Ww kÔn-sb-¯pSÀ¶v ae-_mÀ {_n«ojv CuÌn-³Uym-¡-¼-\n ¡v A[o-\-am-b-t¸mÄ cmPm-¡-·m-cpw, {]PI-fpw, I¼-\n-bpsS {]P-I-fm-sW-¶-hÀ hnfw-_cw sNbvXp. CXv cmPy-¯nsâ AXr-]vXn¡v Imc-W-ambn amdn. hb-\mSv kpKÔhyRvP-\-§fp-sS-bpw, A]qÀh acp-¶p-I-fp-sS bpw Ie-h-d-bm-sW¶v {_n«o-jpImÀ a\-Ên-em¡n. AXp-hgn hb-\m-Sn-eqsS ssakqÀ cmPmhmb Sn¸p-kp¯ms\ Iogv s¸-Sp-¯m-\pw, {iocw-K-]-« Ww ]nSn-s¨-Sp-¡m\pw th ­n {_n«o-jp-ImÀ X¡w]m À¯n-cp-¶p. {iocw-K-]-«W kÔn-b-\p-k-cn¨v Xpfp-\m Sv Hgn-sI-bpÅ ae-_mÀ {] tZ-i-§fpw sIm¨nbpw Ip SIpw Sn¸p-kp¯m³ Cw ¥o-jp-ImÀ¡v hn«p-sIm-Sp¯p. 1799-þ HSp-hn-es¯ ssakqÀ bp²-t¯msS {io cw-K-]-«-W-¯n\v ]qÀW ] cm-Pbw kw`-hn-¡p-Ibpw A tXm-Sp-IqSn hb-\mSv Cw¥ojp-Im-cpsS \nb-{´-W-¯nte¡v F¯n-t¨-cp-Ibpw sN bvXp. ]gÈncmPm- h nsâ ac- W t¯msS {_n«o-jp-ImÀs¡Xn-scbpÅ Iem-]-§Ä sI«-S-§n. IpdnNn{Xw

Icn-´-­³ hc: kn Fkv kp\nÂIpamÀ 

¨yÀ¡pw, Ipdp-aÀ¡p-apÅ Ah-Im-i§Ä {_n«o-jp-ImÀ \ntj-[n-¡p-Ibpw, `oa-amb \nIpXn Npa-¯p-Ibpw sNbvXp. hb-\m-«nse BZn-hm-knIÄ {_n«o-jp-ImÀs¡-Xnsc B{I-aW-¯n\p X¿m-dm-bn. ]n¶oSv BZnhmkn Iem]w ASn-¨-aÀ¯-s¸-«p. XpSÀ¶v hb-\m-S³{]tZ-i-§Ä ]qÀ W-ambpw {_n«ojv taÂt¡m-bva-bnem-bn. A¡m-e¯v hym]mcw\S-¯p¶-Xn\v tImgn-t¡m«p\n¶pw hb-\m«n-te¡v bm{Xm-amÀKw CÃm-bn-cp-¶p. {_n«o-jp-ImÀ Icn-´-­s\ Is­ ¯p¶p {_n«o-jp-ImÀ ]e-X-c-¯n-epÅ amÀK-§Ä kzoI-cn-¨p-sh-¦nepw AsXms¡ hn^-e-am-Ip-I-bmWp-­m-b-Xv. Ah-cpsS ap¶n  amÀKXS-Ê-ambn \n¶Xv h\y-ar-K-§-fpw, Im«-cp-hnIfpw ]md-¡q-«-§-fp-am-bncp-¶p. \mSn-s\bpw \m«pcm-Pm-hn-s\bpw ASn-bmf- · m- c m¡n NqjWw sNbvXv kpK-Ô-{Z-hy§Ä IS-¯p-¶-Xn-\pw, B[n-]Xyw Øm]n¡p¶-Xn\pwth­n BZn-hm-kn-bmb Hcm sf I­p-]n-Sn-¡pI F ¶ e£y-¯n-se-¯n. HSp-hn BSp-Isf ta ¨pw, Im«p-ar-K-§sf th«-bmSn]nSn¨pw tX³ Iq-Spw, ImbvI-\n-Ifpw tXSn-\-S¶v Im«-cp-hn-I Ä Xm­n-bpw, ImSpw, Ip ¶pw, ae-Ifpw ImWm-¸mTam-¡n \S-¶n-cp¶ ]Wnb IpSpw- _ - ¯ nse "Icn- ´ ­³' F¶ km[m-c-W-¡m-c s\ I­p-]n-Sn¨v hb-\m-«p-\n ¶pw tImgn-t¡m-t«-bv¡pÅ Np cw sh«n-sX-fn-¡m³ {_n«o-jp-ImÀ Xocp-am-\n-¨p. cmPm-hn-s\-bpw, cmP-k-Z-Ên-s\bpw

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

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Ncn-{X-te-J\w X§-fpsS B{in-X-X-z-¯n-em-¡nb {_n«o-jp-ImÀ Icn-´-­s\ kzm[o\n¨v hcp-Xn-bn-em-¡n. {_n«o-jp-ImcpsS Im]Syw Xncn-¨-dn-bm³ Ignbm¯ Icn-´-­³ HSp-hn AhÀ ¡v Npcw \nÀan-¡m-\pÅ hgn-Im-«nbm-bn. hf-hpw, Xncn-hpw, Ib-ä-hpw, Ip¶pw, ImSpw, Im«mdpw IS¶v ]pIbn-e-bpsS D·m-Z-¯n Icn-´-­³ apt¶m«p \S¶ hgn-I-sfÃmw {_n«ojp-ImÀ tcJ-s¸-Sp¯n Ah-cpsS e £y-¯n-se-¯n. Icn-´-­³ h[n-¡-s¸-Sp¶p X§Ä ]cm-P-b-s¸«nS¯v tIh-esamcp BZn-hmkn hfsc \nÊm-c-am bn hnPbw hcn-¨Xv {_n«o-jp-ImÀ¡v AXr-]vXn-bp-­m-¡n. B-Zn-hm-kn-bp sS {ia-^e-ambn Npcw I­p-]n-Sn-¡pIbpw, B \ma-¯n hb-\m-Snsâ Ncn{Xw ]pdw-temIw Adn-bp-¶-Xn-epapÅ A[n-Im-c-t_m[w Icn-´-­ s\ hIhcp-¯-W-sa¶ Btem-N-\bn-te-s¡-¯n-¨p. Icn-´-­³ ]Wn-b-hÀK-¡m-cp sS Xe-h-\m-bn-cp-¶p. A[n-ImcØm \-¯nsâ NnÓ-ambn Hcp hf At± lw ssIbn [cn-¨n-cp-¶p. aäpÅ hcn \n¶pw At±-ls¯ amän \nÀ ¯p-¶Xv Cu AS-bm-f-am-bn-cp-¶p. hfsc ]hn-{X-ambnIcp-Xn-bn-cp¶ Cu hf Imhnse Ipfn Ignªv kp tcym-Z-b-¯n-\p-tijw [cn-¡p-Ibpw Dd-§p-¶-Xn\p ap¼v Ducn-sh-bv¡pIbpw ]Xn-hm-bn-cp-¶p. Icn-´-­sâ \ntXy-\-bpÅ Cu coXn-IÄ a\-Ênem-¡nb {_n«o-jp-ImÀ -Icn-´-­³ Dd-§p¶ ka-b¯v hf ssI¡-em¡n. hf \jvS-s¸« At±lw C\n

BZn- h m- k n- b psS Xe- h - \ mbn Ccn- ¡ m³ tbmKy-\Ãm-sb¶v Xocp-am-\n¨v am\-kn-Iambn XfcpIbpw, B X¡w- Icn-´-­sâ t\À¡v AXn-{Iq-c-ambn \nd-sbm-gn-¡m³ {_n«o-jp-ImÀ D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯p-Ibpw sNbvXp. At±lw cà-km-£nXzwhcn¨ hn hcw ]Wnb kap-Zmbw Adn-ªp-sh¦nepw CXn-s\-Xnsc {]Xn-I-cn-¡m-\mbn-Ã. PmXnNn´-bpw, A\m-Nm-c-§fpw sImSn-Ip¯nhmW Ime-am-bn-cp-¶-XpsIm­v Icn-´-­-\p-th­n i_vZ-apbÀ¯m³ BÀ¡pw Ign-ªn-cp-¶n-Ã.

Icn-´-­sâ e¡n-Sn-bn Zpc-´§Ä Ac-t§-dp¶p Icn´ - ­ - s\ h[n¨ - t-ijw Icn´ - ­ - ³ sXfn¨ Im«ph - g - nI - f - ne - qsS ImSpI - Ä sh«n, ]mdI - Ä DS¨ - p\ - o¡ - n, Im«c - ph - nIÄ¡pa - osX ]mew ]WnX - v aeb - psS ASnh - mc - ¯ - p\ - n¶pw taÂhmc - ¯ - nt-e ¡v ]mX XoÀ¯p. Icn´ - ­ - ³ ImWn¨ps - ImS-p¯ hgnb - ne - qsS {_n«oj - pI - mÀ kpK- Ô - h n- f - I Ä IS- ¯ n- s ¡m- ­ pt]mbn NqjWw\S¯ - p¶ - Xv kln¡ - h¿ - msX Icn´ - ­ - sâ Bßmhv Akz-Øa - ms - b¶v hmsamg - n. hml\ - § - Ä N§-e-acw e¡nS-nb - ns - e¯ - pt-¼mÄ AImc - W - a - m bn s]s«¶p \neb - v¡p¶ - Xpw AKm[ - KÀ¯nt-e¡p hogp¶ - Xpw, Icn´ - ­ - sâ sNbvXnI - s - f¶v an¯vhÂIc - n¡ - s - ¸«-p. Cu A\ÀY§ - Ä¡v ]cnl - mcw I­p] - nS-n¡ - p¶ - X - n\v Øeh - mk - nI - Ä \nÀ_Ô - nXc - mb - n. Gd\ - m«-p\ - n¶ - pa - pÅ Hcp almam{´nI - \m ]qPmZ-nI - Àa§ - Ä \S ¯n B Bßmh - ns\ hb\ - mS-nsâ IhmS-s - a¶ - d - nb - s - ¸S-p¶ "e¡nSn'sb¶ {]tZi - ¯pÅ BÂac - ¯ - nsâ NnÃb - n N§e - b - n _Ôn¨v IpSnb - nc - p¯ - n. e¡nb - nS-nbn \n¶pw ssh¯nc - nb - nt-e¡p t]mIpt-¼mÄ tdmUc - pI - n ac¯ - nsâ inJc - ¯n Npänb - t-ijw Xmsg thcnepw `qanb - ne - pa - mbn _Ôn¨ - nc - n¡ - p¶ - p. tKm{X-k-ap-Zm-b-§Ä B­p-tXmdpw ]qP-IÄ A\p-jvTn¨v Icn-´-­s\ B cm[n-¨p-t]m-cp-¶p. CXp-hgn IS-¶p-t]m-Ip¶ hgn-bm-{X-¡mÀ Cu hr£-¯-dbn hnizm-k-aÀ]n¨v Zo]w sXfn-bn¨v ImWn-¡-h-©n-bn km¼-¯nIw \nt£-]n¨v ap¯-¸-s\¶v hnfn¨v {]mÀ Yn¨p t]mhp-¶p. AÔ-hn-izm-k-§sf A\p-`-h-§-fn-eqsS hnizmk-§-fm-¡n-am-än, sFXo-ly-§-fp-sSbpw hm sam-gn-I-fp-sSbpw Icp-¯pw, ImX-ep-am bn \qäm-­p-I-fpsS ]g-abpwt]dn k ©m-cn-IÄ¡v C¶pw t]Snkz]v\-ambn hb-\m-S³ Npc-§-fpsSImtääv Icn-´­³ F¶ cmPm-hns\ Npa-¶p-\n ¡p¶ N§-e-acw C¶pw hfsc {it²b-am-Wv. 1750-þ1799 Ime-L-«-¯n ASn-hm-c¯pÅ Nn¸n-en-t¯mSv F¶ tZi¯v Pohn-¨n-cp¶ ]Wnb hn`m-K-¯nÂs¸« BZn-hm-kn-bm-bn-cp¶ Icn-´-­sâ kvac-W-bv¡mbn Cu ac-a-ÃmsX th sdm¶pw Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶n-Ã. Cu `-q-an bp-sS bYmÀY AhIminIfmb- P\X sb ASn-¨aÀ¯m³ {ians¨¦nepw I cn-´-­³ kaq-l-t¯m-SpÅ tNmZy-NnÓ-ambn C¶pw \ne-\n¡p-¶p. hb-\m-S³ Npcw

38

Infn¸ - m«v


IhnX A\p-]a än AtimIv 9497702551

hnc \o­p-sa-enªv, hc-Ifpw Ipdn-Ifpw Ht¶m-sSm¶v tNÀ¶v, thcp-t]mse, imJm-]-Sew t]mse. ]SÀ¶ ssII-fnÂ, ]Xnª ]mZ-§-fnÂ, \c-¨-bn-cp-«nsâbS-ªþ apdn-bn hnc-set´m tXSp-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. X«n-¯-Sªp \ng-enÂþ Ip¯n acn¨ A{Kþ kv]Ài-\-¯nsâ ZWvUv! Ne-\-¯nsâbm-bn-cþ aÀY-§Ä Bhm-ln¨v, shfps¡ Nncn¨v, Df-fn Iq«n-ap«n sRcn-]n-cn-sIm­þ bncp-]Xp hnc-ep-IÄ! shfn-¨-¯nsesâ ssIþ X«n-am-än-bn-d-§n-tbm-Snb Akw-Jyw hnc-ep-I-fn IpSp-§n-t¸mb kz-Xzw; GI-e-h-ysâ s]cp-hn-c-en \n¶qÀ¶p hoWpþ \ne¯v ]SÀ¶ \oscm-gpþ ¡n¶m-ßmhv [ocw! AwKp-eo-am-esâ ame-bn tImÀ¡m³ F\n-s¡mcp hnc Xnc-bWw; Fsâ ssIX-«n-sb-¶n \nt¶m-Sn-sbm-fn-¨-hÀ¡p ]I-c-ambn ap¶n-te¡v CXm Bdmw hncÂ, A]qÀW-X-bpsS Bdmw hncÂ!

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

39


teJ\w tUm \-´y¯v tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW³

Ìm

ensâ ^mjnÌpapJw

\mÂ]-Xp-I-fnepw A¼-Xp-I-fpsS BZyhpw XIgn Fgp-Xnb IY-I-fn se cmjv{Sobw sXmgnem-fn- hÀK-hn¹-h-¯n-\pÅ kmaq-ln-Im-´-co£w krjvSn-¡p-¶-Xn\pXIp¶ hn[-¯nep-Å-Xm-bn-cp-¶p.km-aq-ln-I-km-l-Ncy-§-sf-bpw kmaq-ln-I-hn-Im-k-L-SI-§-sf-bp-saÃmw imkv{Xo-b-tkmjy-en-k-¯nsâ {]tbm-K-¯n-\p-ff D]m-[n-I-fm-¡pI F¶ e£y-t¯m sS hI-Xn-cn¨v hymJym-\n-¡p¶ coXn C¡m-es¯ ]e IY-I-fnepw Im Wmw.- Iayq-Wn-k-¯nte¡p kaq-l s¯ \bn-t¡­ imkv{Xo-b- -tkmjy-en-khpw AXnsâ DÂ]-¶-amb hÀK-c-ln-Xkaq-lhpw Øm]n-¡m\pÅ DZy-a-§sf klm-bn-¡p-I-bm Wv kmln-Xy-¯nsâ [Àa-sa¶ hm Zw tkmhn-bäv ssdtägvkv bqWn-b\v t\XrXzw \ÂInb amIvknw-tKmÀ ¡n DbÀ¯n-bn-cp-¶p. Cu \ne-]m-Sn\pÅ ]n´p-W-bmWv Bbn-c-¯ns¯m-Åm-bn-c¯n\mÂ]-Xp-I-fnepw A¼-Xp-I-fpsS Bcw-`-¯nepw XI-gnFgp-Xnb ]e IY-Ifpw. P·n-¯hpw apX-em-fn-¯hpw ]oUn-¸n¨pw ASn-as¸Sp¯nbpw Nqj-Ww -sNbvXpw- \n kz-cm-¡nb A[zm-\n¡p¶ ASnØm\-hÀK-¯n\v kz]v\§fpsS NndIp\ÂInb cmjv{So-b-{]-Xy-b-imkv{X-sa-¶-\n-e-bn amÀIvkn-b³ tkmjy-en-k-t¯mSv XI-gn-bpsS X e-ap-d-bnse dnb-enÌv Fgp-¯p-ImÀ ¡v henb aa-X-bp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. HIv tSm-_À hn¹-hhpw Iayq-WnÌv djy bpsS hmgvNbpw ]p¯³ {]Xo-£-Ifmbn C³Uy-bpÄs¸-sS-bpÅ aq ¶mw-tem-I-cm-Py-§-fnse kmln-Xy¯n \nd-ªp\n¶ Ime-am-W-Xv. Ìm-ensâ djy-bpsS sImSpw-{Iqc-XIfpsS Hm¡m\w hcp¶ IYIÄ A¼-Xp-IÄ Bb-t¸m-tg¡pw Ccp¼p ad-bv¡p-Ån \n¶pw Iptd-sÈ-bmbn ]pd-¯p-h¶v temIw Adn-bm³ XpS§n-bn-t«bp­mbn-cp¶pÅq. kwi-

40

Infn¸ - m«v

bn¨pw shÃp-hn-fnbmbn I­pw sIm s¶mSp-¡nb kz´w P\-X-bpsSsb ®w -tem-I-¯mI-am\w bp²-§-fn sImÃ-s¸-«-Xn A[n-Iambn-cp-s¶ ¶v ]n¡m-e-¯mWv sXfn-hp-I-tfm sS temIw tI«v sR«n-¯-cn¨Xvv. hmgv¯n-¸m-Sn hn{K-l-h-ÂI-cn¨ Ìm en³ F¶ A[zm-\-hÀK-an-in-l-bp sS `oI-c-amb ^mjnÌv apJw C³ Uy-bn A¶pw ad-¡p-S-bv¡p-Ån \n¶pw ]pd¯ph¶n-cp-¶n-Ã. C³ Uy-bnse a\p-jym-h-Im-i- [zw-k-\¯n-s\-Xn-scbpw Ak-ln-jvWp-X-bv s¡-Xn-scbpw hmtXm-cmsX kwkmcn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶ Hcp ]äw IayqWn-Ìp-Ifpw kl-Nm-cn-I-fmb Fgp¯p-Imcpw Ct¸mgpw X§-fpsS Ioibn - Ìm-ensâ sImSn-b-]m-X-I-§Ä t]dp¶ apJw A`n-am-\-t¯msS sIm­p-\-S-¡p¶ps­-¶ Imcyw a sämcp IuXp-I-I-c-amb hkvXp-Xbm-Wv. A¼-Xp-I-fn -X-Ign Xsâ IY-I-fnÂ- C³Uy³ kmaq-ly-]-cntXm-h-Ø-bn Xpey-Xbv¡pw kmaqly-\o-Xn-¡pÅ ]²-Xn-bm-bn-«mWv Iayq-Wn-ks¯ hn`mh\sNbvX-Xv. IY ssk²m-´nI hni-I-e-\-a-sö-dn-bm-hp¶ XIgn hni-I-e-\-kz-`mh-apÅ BJym-\-k-{¼-Zm-b-¯n-eq-sSbpw t\cn-«pÅ s]mfn-¨p-]-d-b-en-eqsSbpw C¡m-e¯v cmjv{Sob]£]mXw kwkm-cn-¡p-¶p-­v. Xsâ cm jv{So-b-hn-izm-k-¯n-\v ]X-apÅ {] X-e-ambn kzmX-{´y-L-«-¯nse Ip g-ªp-a-dnª C³Uy³ kmaq-lymh-Øsb ImWp-I-bm-Wv. Xsâ \ne]m-Sp-I-fpsS hni-I-e\ambn amdp¶ cq]-I-§-fmbn hnI-kn-¡p¶ IYI Ä hgn ]e-Xcw kqN-\-I-fn-eqsS C³Uy³ kml-N-cy-w CS-Xp-]£ hn¹-hm-`n-apJyw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xm bn -{]-Xn-^-en-¸n-¡p-¶p. ChnsS {] _-e-ambncp¶ lnµp-þ-apÉow hn`-PnXm-hØ ^yqU ]mc-¼-cy-¯nsâ Ah-injvSw t]dp¶ tIm¬{K-kn sâ \b-§ÄsIm­v ]cn-l-cn-¡m³ km[n-¡p-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶-n-Ã.- AXv aX-

XIgn

{]o-W-\-§-fn-te¡v t]mhp-Ibpw aX\n-c-t]-£-amb cmjv{So-b-k-aq-l s¯ krjvSn-¡p-¶-Xn ]cm-P-b-s¸Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. PmXn-t{i-Wn-bn-eq sS ]nt¶m¡w t]mb ASn-Øm-\hÀKw Ncn-{X-]-c-amb kml-N-cy-§fn A\p-`-hn¨ sImSn-b-Zp-cn-X-§ sf km{am-PyXzw hÀ[n-¸n-¡p-I-bm Wv sNbvX-Xv. CsXms¡ tkmjy-en Ìv kmaq-ly-L-S-\-bv¡pth­n-bp Å A`n-em-js¯ Xzcn-X-s¸-Sp-¯psa¶v XIgn Icp-Xn. IqSmsX KmÔnPn-bpsS Zcn-{Z-\m-cm-b-W-·m-tcm-SpÅ B`n-ap-Jyhpw \nkz-hÀK-¯nsâ cm jv{Sobw apt¶m-«p-h-bv¡p¶ IayqWnÌv {]Øm-\-¯nsâ hfÀ¨bv¡v klm-b-I-am-sW¶v At±lw hnizkn-¨p. XIgnbpsS ]²Xn \mÂ]-Xp-I-fnepw A¼-Xp-I-fnepw X I-gn- Fgp-Xnb an¡ I-Y-Ifnepw t\m h-ep-I-fnepw sXmgn-em-fn-hÀK-cm-jv {So-bhpw Iogm-f, ]mÀiz-h-ÂIrXh ÀK-{]-iv\-§-fp-ap-­m-bn-cp-s¶-¦nepw Ah-sbms¡ IrXn-bpsS sam¯w LS-\sb \nÀW-bn-¡p-¶-hn[w hf-


teJ\w cp-¶Xv Ipd¨p IY-I-fn- am{Xam-Wv. -HXp¡w sIm­pw t\cn-«p-kwhZn ¡p¶ -B-i-b{]Xn-]m-Z\coXn sIm ­pw cmjv{So-b-\n-e-]m-Sp-IÄ hni-Zam-¡p-¶Xn\vv IY-I-Ä¡pÅ kuI cyw C¡m-e-b-f-hn XIgn \¶mbn D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶Xv \ap¡p Im Wmw. 1948- h-sc-bpÅ ]¯p-hÀj¯n-\n-sS- C-³Uy³ cmjv{So-b¯n kw`-hn¨-{]-iv\-§Ä NÀ¨-sN-¿p¶ C¦zn-em-_v, -k-¼-¶-hÀK-¯nsâ {Iq c-Xbpw Nqj-Whpw F{X Zbm-c-lnX-am-sW¶ kqN\\ÂIp¶ am¯ sâ IY,- \n-kz-hÀK-¯nsâ ssZ\y§Ä ImWn-¨p-X-cp¶ kam-izm-kw, sXm- g n- e m- f n- h ÀK- c m- j v { So- b - ¯ n- s âXym-tKmÖze- PohnXs¯ -a-\-Ênem-¡n-¯-cp¶ Ah³ Xncn-¨p-h-cpw, KmÔn-Pn-bpsS acWhpw A\p-_-Ôhn-Nm-c-§fpw hnj-b-am-¡n-s¡m­v A¡m-es¯ kmaq-lyhpw cmjv{Sob-hp-am-b -hn-h-£-I-fn-te-¡p-I-S-¡p ¶ Nc-a-cwKw, Km-Ôn-Pn-bpsS A ´yw F¶o IY-IÄ, -kzm-X-{´y-k-ac-tk-\m-\nbpw IayqWnÌv hn¹-h-Imcn-bp-amb IYm-]m{Xw Øm]-\-h- I-cn-¡-s¸«,kzmX-{´ym-\-´c tZio bcmjv{So-bs¯ Ipä-hn-Nm-c-W-sN¿p¶ Ncn-{X-k-Xy-§Ä,- hÀKo-b-XbpsS hnj-en-]vXhpw `b-s¸-Sp-¯p¶-Xp-am-b -ap-Jhpw AXn-\p-t\-tc-bp Å tIm¬{K-knsâ Cc-«-¯m¸pw ImWn¨pXcp¶ el-f-bv¡p-tijw,`cW-Iq-S-¸mÀ«n-bmbn amdnbt¸mÄ tIm¬{Kkn\v aqey-]-c-ambn kw`hn-¡p¶ ]X-\-§fpw, KmÔn-bpsS HmÀa-Ifpw sIm­p-h-cp¶ 1947-þ49, Iayq-Wn-Ìp-Imsc th«-bm-Sm³ \n tbm-Kn-¡-s¸-Sp¶ Hcp s]meo-kp-Imcsâ at\mhn_v{`m-´n-IÄ hÀWn¡p-¶-Xn-eqsS hn¹-h-ImcnI-fpsS k aÀ]-Whpw P\-Io-b-Xbpw hÀ[nX kzoIm-cy-Xbpw shfn-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ Hcp Zpxkz-]v\w, Zmcn-{Zy-¯nsâ {]iv \-§-sfbpw aX-]-c-amb hn`-P-\-¯n sâ \ncÀY-I-X-sbbpw Xpd-¶p-Im«p¶ Idm-¨n-bnÂ\n-¶v - XpS§n-b- IY-I-fn-eqsS Iayq-Wnkväv Bi-b-§fpsS C³Uy³ {]tbm-K-¯nsâ B hiy-I-X,- Km-Ôn-Pn-bpsS \nkz-hÀKm-`n-apJyw, ln-µpþ-apÉow hÀKo-bhm-Z-¯nsâ hfÀ¨bpw AXp-bÀ ¯p¶ A]m-b-kq-N-\-Ifpw, tIm¬ {K-knsâ hÀKXm-Â]-cy-§Ä F¶n h hni-I-e-\-hn-t[-b-am-¡p-¶p. apXem-fn¯w _qÀjzm]mÀ«n-I-sf hcpXn-bn-em¡n Ah-cpsS kzIm-cy-hmWnPymP-­-IÄ \nÀhln-¡psa¶pw AXv C³Uyt]mepÅ ]Xn-X-cp-sS bpw A[xØn-X-cp-sSbpw `qcn-]-£k-aq-l-¯n PmXn-a-X-kw-LÀjw

krjvSn¨v hn`-PnX kmaq-lym-hØ \ne-\nÀ¯m\mWv {ian-¡p-I-sb ¶pw ap-¶-dn-bn-¸p- \-ÂIp-hm\mWv XI-gn- Cu IY-I-fn-eqsS {ian-¡p-¶Xv.- aX-kz-Xz-tI-{µn-X-amb hÀKo-bkw-L-S\-IÄ Øm]n-X-Xm-Â]-cy§-fpsS D]-I-c-W-am-bn-cn-¡p-sa¶ [z\n \ÂIn-s¡m-­mWv XIgn C³ Uy³ kmap-Zm-bn-I- cm-jv{So-bs¯ Cu IY-I-fn hn-i-I-e-\-hn-t[-b-am¡p-¶-Xv. Xo{h-a-X-\n-e-]m-Sp-IÄ h ¨p ]peÀ¯p¶ kwL-S-\Isf {]o Wn-¸n-¡m³ apJy-[m-cm-cm-jv{Sob I £n-Ifpw aqe-[-\-i-àn-Ifpw XÂ]c-cm-bn-cn-¡p-sa¶ Is­-¯Â hgn At±lw- C³Uy³ kml-N-cy-¯n C¶pw hfsc {]k-àamb \ne-]mSmWv apt¶m-«p-h-bv¡p-¶Xv. XIgn ]d-bp-¶p.- h-en-b- tZ-io-b-t\-Xm-¡·m-cm BioÀh-Zn-¡-s¸-«v,- h³In-Sap-X-em-fn-amcm Bbp-[hpw ]W hpw \ÂI-s¸«v ]pe-cp¶ lnµp-¡-fp sS ssk\n-I-kw-L-S-\-bpsS Hcp bp h-t\-Xmhv A\p-bm-bn-IÄ¡v kwib-\n-hm-cWw \S-¯p-¶Xv C§-s\bm-Wv. "\½psS kwkvImcw aX-¯n  ASn-bp-d-¨-X-tÃ.- ap-Éo-an\v \½p sS `qan-bpsS \men-sem-¶p-`mKw ho Xn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯p. C\nbpw \ap¡v sskzcw Xcn-tÃ.- A§v knÔnepw ] ©m-_nepw \½psS ktlm-Z-c·mÀ sImÃ-s¸-Sp-¶p, ktlm-Z-cn-amÀ A]l-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. \mw an­m-Xn-cn-¡ Ww t]mepw... CXv lnµp-hnsâ \m Sm-Wv.- C-hn-Sps¯ lnµp-hnsâ Xm ]-cy-¯n\v hne-§-Sn-¨p-\n-¡p¶ BÄ- F{X alm-\m-bmepw cmPy-t{Zmln-bm-Wv(1947-þ49).' A{Ia-mkàamb C¯cw -\n-e-]m-SmWv KmÔn-Pn bpsS h[-¯nte¡v \bn-¨Xv F¶vBJym-Xmhv kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p. aX-hÀ Ko-bXbpsS Cu \ne-]mSv {]Xn-tema-i-àn-I-fpsS ]n´p-W-tbmsS t]m jn-¸n¨v hfÀ¯s¸Sp¶Xv sXmgn-emfn-hÀK-Xm-Â]-cy-§sfbpw tkmjyenÌvapt¶-ä§-tfbpw ASn-¨-aÀ¯phm\pw ZpÀ_-e-s¸-Sp-¯p-hm\pw DÅ Bbp-[-§-fm¡n D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯psa¶pw At±lw A]mbkqN-\-\ Ip-¶p. KmÔnPnsb _nÀem-lu-kn Xma-kn¸n¨v ]cn-N-cn-¡-p¶ injy·mÀ Xs¶ At±lw ]cn-£o-W-\mhp-t¼mÄ apÉo-§sf hI-h-cp-¯m³ sIme-bm-fn-I-fpsS ssIbn hmfpw sImSp¯v ]d-ªp-hn-Sp-¶p-sh¶v I Ym-Ir¯v ]d-bp-¶p. KmÔn-bpsS _n Àfm-a-µnÀ hmks¯¯s¶ XS-h-\p`-hn-¡-em-bn-«mWv IYm-Ir¯v hym Jym-\n-¡p-¶-Xv. hen-b-_w-¥mhv \ In hyh-kmbn XS-hn-em-¡n-bn-cn-¡p¶Xv At±-ls¯ kmam-\y-P-\-§-

fn \n¶pw X«n-sb-Sp-¡m-\m-sW¶v XI-gn ]d-bp-¶p.AXnsâ t\«w apXem-fn-¡m-Wv.- A-t±-l-¯n\v henb ]ckyw In«p-¶p.- A-t±-l-¯nsâ Nq j-W-§sf tNmZyw sN¿m³ AXphgn Bcpw ss[cy-s¸Sp-I-bp-an-Ã.- ImcWw _nÀfbpw KmÔn injy-\m-WtÃm. Xsâ cmjv{So-b-hn-i-I-e\w C §-s\-bmWv IYm-Ir¯v BJym-\¯n sIm­p-h-cp-¶-Xv. A[x-Øn-X\pw ]«n-Wn-¸m-h-§ fpw `qcn-]-£-amb \½psS cmPy¯v \ne-\n-Ât¡­ kmaq-ly-cm-jv{So-bhy-hØ CS-Xp-]£w apt¶m-«p-h-bv ¡p-¶- ka-Xz-hm-Z-¯n-e-[n-jvTn-X-am bXmWv F¶mWv A¼-Xp-I-fn-se cm-jv{So-b-kz-`m-h-apÅ IY-I-fn-eqsS XIgn ]d-bm³ {ian-¨-Xv. Iayq-WnÌv hn¹-h-Im-cn-I-fpsS kl-\-¯nsâ hÀWm-`-amb BJym-\-§Ä \ÂIpt¼mÄ C§-s\-sbmcp ho£-Whpw {]N-c-W-X{´hpw IqSn-bmWv XIgn D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xv. `c-W-IqSw A hÀ¡p-t\-tc \S-¯p¶ AXn-{I-a-§ sf hnh-cn-¨p-sIm-­mWv Nne IY-IfpsS BJym\w \nÀh-ln-¡-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. ]ntä¶v shSn-shbv]v \S-¶p.- h-fsc-t¸À acn-¨p.- a-äp-Å-hÀ c£s¸«p. B {]hÀ¯-\-cw-K-¯n-\-Sp-¯pÅ ho«pImÀ Aán-¡n-c-bm-bn.- kv{Xo-I fpw Ip«n-I-fpw acn-¨-h-cn DÄs¸-Sp¶p-­-s{X.- hr-£-§ÄIqSn shSnsIm­v HSn-ªp-ho-Wp. (A-h³Xn-cn¨p-h-cpw) \nÀZbw sIm¶p-X-Åns¡m­v P\-k-a-cs¯ t\cn-Sp¶ _qÀjzm-kz-`m-h-apÅ `c-W-IqSw Häbv¡Ã F¶v XIgn ]d-bp¶p-­v.Iq«n\v bmYm-Øn-XnI P·n-¯hpw em`-s¡m-Xn-aq¯ apX-em-fn-¯-hp-ap­v. sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-sSbpw ]mh-s¸-«h-sâbpw A`n-em-j-§-fpsS B {]IS-\s¯ apX-em-fnbpw P·nbpw kÀ ¡m-cnsâ klm-b-t¯msS FXnÀ ¡m³ \nÝ-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. P\]-£-¯p-\n-¡p¶ sXmgnemfn-hÀ Khpw FXnÀ]-£-¯p-\n-¡p¶ A [n-Im-cn-hÀKhpw Gäp-ap-«p-¶Xv apXem-fn-bpsSbpw P·n-bpsSbpw Xm ]-cy-§Ä kwc-£n-¡m-\m-Wv. ChnsS-bmWv KmÔn-Pnbpw CS-Xp-]-£ hpw tbmPn-¡p¶Xv.- Km-ÔnPn aXmßI Bßo-b-X-bpsS ]mc-¼-cy-¯nem-Wv \ne-sIm-Åp-¶sX-¦nepw a\pjy-\-·-bv¡p-th-­n-bmWv {]hÀ¯n¡p-¶-Xv. At±-lw ]mh-§-sf-¡p-dnt¨mÀ¯mWv thZ-\n-¨n-cp-¶-Xv.- N-c-acwKw F¶-I-Y-bn At±-l-¯nsâ A´y-s¯-¡p-dn-t¨mÀ¡p-t¼mÄ F gp- ¯ p- I m- c sâ thZ- \ - I - f n- s em¶v C\n hSnbpw Ip¯n-¸n-Sn-¨-t±lw a lm-k-a-c-§Ä \bn-¡p-I-bn-Ã,-km-{am-

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

41


teJ\w Py-§Ä¡v A´y-im-k\w \ÂIp-Ibn-Ã.,- `m-c-X-¯nsâ ap¡nepw aqe-bn epw FÃm-apÅ ]mh-s¸-«-h-t\m-SpÅ \nÊ-lm-b-sa-¦nepw KmV-am-b-kvt\lw-sIm­v B lrZbw XpSn-¡p-Ibnà F¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. Idm-¨n-bn \n¶v F¶ IY-bn lnµphpw apÉoap-amb c­p-sX-­n-IÄ \nkz-sc-¶\n-e-bn H¶n¨p Ign-bp-Ibpw apXem-fn¯w aX-sa¶ Bbp-[w-sIm­v Ahsc ]nfÀ¯p-Ibpw hnZq-c-§-fnte¡v amäp-Ibpw sN¿p¶Xv Nn{XoI-cn-¨n-«p-­v. F-¶m Xsâ Zmcn{Zyw amäm³ Idm-¨n-sb¶ ]«n-Wn-bn-Ãm¯-ssZ-h-cm-Pyw -tXSn t]mb A_vZpÅ aX¯n\v AXn\v ]²-Xn-bn-sà ¶v Xncn-¨-dnªv aX-¯n-\-Xo-X-ambn a\p-jy-¸-äpÅ Zcn-{Z-\mb Iq«p-Im-cs\-t¯Sn `mc-X-¯n-te-¡p-Xs¶ Xncn¨phcp-I-bm-Wv. -C-hn-sS-sbms¡ ]Xn-X-cpsS hÀKw Ht¶-bp-Åq-sh¶ ]mTamWv XIgn \ÂIp-¶-Xv. a\pjyÀ ]mÀ¡p-¶n-S-s¯m-s¡-bpÅ aÀZn-X-cmb ]mh-§-fpsS IWvT-§ fnÂ\n¶pw kÀhcm-Py-s¯m-gn-em-fnIsf kwL-Sn-¸n³ F¶ amÀIvkn sâ ktµiw ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ambn apg§p-¶p-­m-hp-sa¶v Bin-¡p¶ Hcp ]äw ]ptcm-K-a-\-hm-Zn-IÄ XI-gn-bp sS IY-I-fpsS temI¯v kPo-h-amWv. Ah-cmWv \½psS kaqlw C ¶pw apX-em-fn-¯-¯nsâ \nb-{´-W¯n-em-sW¶v hnizkn-¡p-¶-Xv. ] em-b\w sNbvXp-hcp-¶ Ac-£n-X-cn Ât]mepw -apX-em-fn-¯-¯n-s\-Xn-sc bpw P·nþa-X-Iq-«m-bva-bvs¡-Xn-sc

42

Infn¸ - m«v

bpw {]IS-amb hnIm-c-ap-ÅXv XIgn ImWn¨p Xcp-¶p­v. h-gn-bn-S-§-fn ]¨n¨v ImWp¶ Irjn-t¯m-«-§Ä ImWpt¼mÄ A`-bmÀYn-bmb sNdp-¸-¡m-c³ Nn´n-¡p-¶-Xv \ap¡p®m-\à Cu ]mS-§-fn s\Ãp-hn-fbp-¶-Xv. B anÃp-I-fn ap­ps\-¿p¶Xv \ap-¡p-Sp-¡p-hm-\p-a-Ãsb¶m Wv (Km-Ôn-Pn-bpsS A´yw) PohnXw -sIm-Sp¯pw hÀK-k-a-c-¯nsâ DuÀPw \ne-\nÀ¯p¶ Ch-cpsS th Z-\-I-fp-sSbpw {]Xym-i-bp-tSbpw kz camWv Cu¦znem_v F¶ IY-bnepw XIgn tIĸn-¡p-¶-Xv. _qÀjzm A [n-Im-c-tI-{µ-§Ä¡v XIÀ¡m-\m-hm ¯ Bß-i-àn-bmWv Htcm IayqWnÌv hn¹-h-Im-cn-¡p-ap-ÅXv F¶v ]d-ªp-X-cphm³ IqSn IYm-Im-c³ Xsâ Cu¦zn-em_v t]mepÅ ]e IY-I-fn-eq-sS {ian-¨n«p­v. X-«n³]pd¯pw Kpl-bv¡p-Ånepw Ipän-¡m-«n epw ]m¯pw ]Xp-§nbpw Iq\n-¡q-Sn bpw hÀj-§-tfmfw Ign-ªXmsW¦nepw Xf-cm¯ hocy-t¯msS ap t¶-dp-hm³ Cu IY-bnse \mb-I-\pIn-«p¶ Bß-hn-izmkw Iayq-Wn-ÌpIÄ DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn-¡p¶ X¯zim-kv {X-¯nsâ Icp-¯m-sW¶v Fgp-¯pIm-c³ hywKy-ambn kqNn-¸n-¨n«p-­v. Hcp `c-W-Iq-S-i-àn¡pw Abmsf Iogvs¸-Sp-¯m-\m-hn-Ã. hn¹-h-¯nsâ cà-]-Xm-I-Ifpw DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn-¨vA- t \- I m- b ncw hÀKt_m- [ - a pÅ sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS ap¶Wn-bn \n ¶v A-e-dp-t¼mÄ am\-h-cm-in-bpsS ASn-a-¯-¯n-s\-Xn-sc-bpÅ ka-c¯n ]¦m-fn-bm-Ip-I-bm-sW¶ Xn cn-¨-dn-hp-\-ÂIp¶ DuÀP-ap-­v. AXv Bi-b-]-c-amb ZmÀVyhpw Bßm ÀY-X-bpsS Bhn-jvIm-c-hp-am-Wv. Iayq-Wn-Ìp-IÄ¡v tZio-b-kzm-X{´y-{]-Øm\w km{am-Py-Xz-¯n-s\ Xn-sc-bpÅ t]mcm-«hpw P·n-¯¯ - n \pw apX-em-fn-¯-¯n-\p-sa-Xn-sc-bp Å hÀK-ka - cw kwL-Sn-¸n-¡e - p-ambncp-¶p-sh¶v AhÀ Xm¯zn-I-ambn hni-Zo-Ic - n-¨n-«p-­v. A[x-Øn-Xs - â bpw \nkz-sâbpw ]n´p-W-bm-hi - yapÅ FÃm hn`m-K-§f - p-sSbpw Db Às¯-gp-t¶Â]n\p-th-­n-bpÅ {] hÀ¯-\§ - sf klm-bn-¡p-Ibpw ]n ´p-W-bv¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶Xv Cu ]cn-]m-Sn-bpsS `mK-am-bn-cp-¶p. aX-ap Äs¸-sS-bpÅ kmaq-ly-Øm]-\-§ Ä hyàn-kzm-X-{´y-¯n ssII-S¯p-Ibpw \o-Xn-\n-tj[]c-amb \o ¡-§Ä \S-¯p-Ibpw sN¿p-t¼mÄ AXns\ {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡m\pÅ {]h À¯-\hpw ]ptcm-K-a-\{- ]-Øm-\-§ Ä IS-a-bmbn kzoI-cn-¨n-cp-¶p. Cu \ne-]m-Sn \n¶p-sIm-­mWv XI-gn-

bpsS IY-Ifpw cmjv{So-bhpw kmaqly-hp-amb {]iv\§ - sf \nÀ[m-cWw sNbvXX - v. sXmgn-em-fn-bpsS sFIy\n-csb XIÀ¯v hÀKi-{Xp-hnsâ Cc-bm-¡p-hm-\p-apÅ ]cn-{i-a-§Ä cmPy¯p ]e coXn-bn kPo-ha - msW¶v XIgn Xsâ cmjv{So-b-kz-`mh-apÅ IYIfneqsS ]e Xc¯n ]d-ªp hbv¡p-¶p-­v. aXhpw apXem-fn-¯hpw _qÀjzm-cm-jv{Sob I £n-I-fp-ambn kÔn-sNbvXv krjvSn¡m-\n-S-bpÅ A]-IS- -§sf C³ Uy³ kml-N-cy-§f - n Xncn-¨-dn-bm\pÅ {iaw IqSn-bmWv At±-l¯ - n sâ IY-I-fn ]e-Xpw. hn`m-Kob AP­-Isf sNdp-¯p-tXmÂ]n-¡p I-bpw- k-aq-l-¯nsâ ]ptcm-{]-bm-W s¯ Xzcn-X-s¸-Sp-¯p-Ibpw sN¿m³ {]Xn-Úm-_-²a - mWv CS-Xp-]-£-kaqlw F¶v IYm-Ir¯v hniz-kn-¡p¶p. hn-¹hw Pbn-¡s« F¶p hnfn¨ \mhp-sIm­v cmP-kvtXm-{Xhpw ssZ h-kvtX-{Xhpw sNmtÃ-­-Xmbn h¶nÃ. -tIm¬{K-kn-tâbpw ]ptcm-ln-Xsâbpw sXmgn-emfn bqWn-b-\n tN À¶v,- ]-Wn-In«n N«n-t¨mdv Xn¶m\pw Ah\v CS-h¶ - n-Ã. F¶v Hcp IY-bn se \mb-I³ {]-I-Sn-¸n-¡p¶ Bßm`nam\w Cu ]Ým-¯e - -¯n ImWWw. ]«n-Wn-bn Bbn-ca - m-bncw Ip Spw-_§ - Ä InS¶v s]mcn-bp-¶ ZpÊl-amb kml-Nc - y-¯nepw C¯cw Bizm-k-§f - m-Wp-ÅXv hn¹-h] - -£ ¯v \n¡p-¶-hÀ¡v.KmÔnPnsb A\mhcWw sN¿pt¼mÄ _m-¸p-Pnsb¡pdn-¨pÅ kvt\lhpw Bcm-[-\bpw XIgn \mSnsâ hnIm-cam-bmWv Gsä-Sp-¡p-¶Xv.- hn-`-P-\s¯-¯p-SÀ¶v ]Sn-ªm-d³ ]©m_n \n¶v hcp¶ A`-bmÀYn-I Ä¡v Hä e£y Øm\-ta-bpÅp A Xv KmÔn-Pn-bpsS k¶n-[n-bm-Wv.- AhnsS t]Sn-t¡-s­¶v AhÀ¡dn bmw. F¶m KmÔn-Pnsb Cuizc\m-¡p-¶-Xn-s\-Xnsc XIgn \ne-]mSv ISp-¸n-¡p-¶p. Km-ÔnPn ]d-ªXv C³Uy-bnse \mÂ]-Xp-tIm-Sn¡pw a\-Ên-em-Ip-¶-Xm-Wv. Hcp hymJym-\ hpw th­....-A-t±lw ]d-ªXv ]m h-s¸-«-h\v a\-Ên-em-h-cp-sX¶v hym Jym-Xm-¡Ä¡pw Gam-\-·mÀ¡pw \n À_Ô-ap-­v. `mc-X-¯nse ap¡nepw aqe-bn-ep-apÅ sX­n-bp-sSbpw Cc¸m-fn-bp-sS-bpw -lr-Z-b-¯n-\p-Ån D t·-j-¯n-sâbpw Pohn-X-kvt\-l¯n-tâbpw {]Imiw ]c-¯nb Km Ôn-Pn -D-bÀ¯n-hn« kzmX-{´y-t_m [w cq]m-´c-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-sÃ-¦n X §-fpsS XmÂ]-cy-§Ä kwc-£n-¡m


teJ\w ³ Ign-bmsX XIÀ¶p-t]m-Ip-sa¶v AhÀ¡-dnbmw. AXp-sIm-­mWv Km Ôn-Pnsb aWn-am-fn-I-sb¶ Imcm-Krl-¯n-em-¡n-b-sX¶v At±lw ]dbp-¶p.- F¶n«pw At±-l-¯nsâ a\ Êv amäm³ AhÀ¡m-bn-Ã.- Ip-Sn-bn-cp¯nbpw ]Ww sImSp¯pw t\m¡n. ^-e-an-Ã. -_m-¸pPn Nn´n-¡p-¶Xv ]m h-s¸-«-h-s\-¡p-dn-¨m-Wv. _nÀem-a-µnc-¯n ]mÀ¡p-¶-Xp-sIm­v AXn sâ DS-a-Ø\v F{X-bm-bncw ]hsâ {]kn-²o-I-c-W-amWv e`n-¡p-¶Xv F ¶p-tNm-Zn-¨p-sIm­v apX-em-fn-¯¯nsâ X{´-§sf s]mfn-¨p-Im-«p-IbmWv Fgp-¯p-Im-c³. Km-Ôn-bpsS hm¡p-I-fn ZnhyXzw IÂ]n-¡p-I bpw Xncp-hm-b-vsam-gn-I-fm-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm­v apX-em-fn-bp-sSbpw P·n-bp-sSbpw D]I-c-W-am-¡n- At±ls¯ XoÀ¡p-hm\m-bn-cp-¶p- tIm ¬{K-knsâ t\Xm-¡Ä {i-an-¨-sX ¶v XIgn Ipä-tcm-]-W-ap-¶-bn-¡p¶p. kzmX{´yk-a-c-hp-ambn _Ôs¸«v \½psS t\Xm-¡Ä sNdp-¸-¡m À¡v \ÂInb Ncn-{X]mT-§fpw hÀ Ko-b-am-bn-cp-¶p-sh¶v ]d-bm\pw XI gn X¿m-dm-hp-¶Xv ho£-W-]c-ambn CtX \ne-]mSv kzoI-cn-¨-XpsIm­mWv. hn-tZ-i-i-àn-tbm-sS-XnÀt¡­n h¶-t¸mÄ B ka-c-¯nsâ Bthi-¯n\v iàn Iq«m-\mbn apÉow t\Xmhv apÉow-bp-hm-hns\ B sXcp-hn-s\bpw XmPva-l-en-s\bpw Ip¯-_vao-\m-dn-s\bpw aäpw Nq­n¡m-Wn-¨p-sIm­v {]Xm-]-hm-·m-cmb apÉow N{I-hÀ¯n-amsc HmÀan-¸n-¨p. F¶n«v ]d-ªp. \nsâ ]nXm-¡-·m cmWv `cn-¨n-cp-¶sX¶v. -A-t¸mÄ B t\Xm-hnsâ ssItImÀ¯v ]nSn-¨p\n¶ lnµp-t\-Xmhv sslµ-h-N-{I-h À¯n-amsc Nq­n-¡m-Wn¨n«v ssl µ-h-kw-kvIm-cs¯¡pdn¨v HmÀan-¸n¨p. Cu \mSv \n\-¡p-Å-XmsW¶v. hn-tZ-i- i-àn-t]m-bn. ]Tn-¨-]m-T-§fnÂ\n¶v Ccp-Iq-«cpw Ah-Im-i-hm-Zap-¶-bn-¨p. ]c-kv]cw Ip¯n-s¡m¶p (KmÔn-Pn-bpsS A´yw). -aX¯nsâ t]cn a\p-jy\v ]-c-k-v]cw Pohn-¡m-\pÅ Ah-Imiw \ntj-[n¡m-\pÅ t]mcm-«-amWv ChnsS \S¡p¶ hÀKobel-f-I-sf¶ hym Jym-\-amWv XI-gn- sIm-­p-h-cp-¶-Xv. KmÔn-Pn-bpsS XW-en Hfn-¨n-cp¶ P·n-amcpw apX-em-fn-am-cp-am-Wv Km Ôn-bpsS ac-W-t¯msS \ncm-ew-_cmb Hcp- Iq«w F¶pIqSn XIgn kq Nn-¸n-¡p-¶p. ^yqUÂ-þ-_qÀjzmhy h-Ø-tbmSv hfÀ¶p-h-cp¶ P\-kmam-\y-¯nsâ AXr]vXnbpsS Xo{hX-IqSn ChnsS [z\n-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp-I-bmWv. Imc-Ww- ap-X-em-fn-bpsS kzm`m-

hn-I-amb am\-km-´-c-¯n-\p-th­n tIWn-cp¶ KmÔn-Pn-sb¶ B XShp-Im-c³ ]mh-s¸-«-hsâ kzm`m-hn-Iamb hn¹-hm-k-ànsb XWp-¸n-¨psIm-­n-cp¶p. C-¶-Xn-Ã. -c-à-cq-jnX-hn-¹-h-amÀK-¯n-s\-Xn-sc-bpÅ Km Ôn-Pn-bpsS \ne-]m-SmWv Nqj-Isc ]tcm-£-ambn klm-bn-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. F ¶mWv XI-gn-bpsS kqN\. C³ Uy³ `c-W-hÀK-¯nsâ s]mXp-kz`mhw P·n-ap-X-emfn B`n-ap-Jy-amsW¶p [z\n-¸n-¡p¶ Nne-{]-tbm-K§Ä XIgn sIm­p-h-cp-¶p-­v.- kzmX-{´y-{]-t£m-`-¯n Xt¶m-sSm-¸ap-­m-bn-cp¶ BÄ C³Uy-bpsS `cWm-[n-Im-cn-bm-b-t¸mÄ _qÀjzm hÀ K-kz-`m-h-¯n-te¡v amdp-¶Xv thZ\-tbmsS ImWp¶ \mb-I³ -C-¦znem_v knµm-_mZv F¶ ap{Zm-hm-Iy¯n\v ]n¶n-epÅ X¯z-imkv{Xw At±-l-¯nsâ cà-¯n IeÀ¶n«n-Ãm-bn-cn¡mw F¶m-Wv ]cn-X-]n-¡p¶Xvv.- I-ayq-Wn-Ìp-IÄ¡v {]tNm-Z-\am-bn-cp¶ s\{lp Iayq-Wn-ks¯ hnaÀin-¡p¶p F¶ hmÀ¯ B]mZ-NqVw icocw hnd-¨p-sIm-­-dn-bp ¶ IYm-]m{Xw C³Uy-bnse sXm gnem-fn-hÀK-cm-jv{So-b-¯nsâ {]Xn\n-[n-bm-Wv.- ]u-cp-j-¯n-sâbpw ho cy-¯n-sâbpw Dd-h-bmb hn¹-h-ap-{Zmhm-Iy-§Ä s\{lp-hnsâ Np­n-eq sS ]pd-¯p-h-¶mWv ]e Iayq-Wn-Ìp Ifpw tI«p]Tn-¨-sX¶v BJym-Xm hv ]d-bp-¶p. -F-Ãm-hn-[-amb ]cn-]qÀ W-kzm-X-{´y-¯n\pw th­n-bmWv At±lw hmZn-¨-Xv. Ct¸m-tgm amÀ IvknÌv hn¹-h-¯n hn-iz-kn-¡p-¶hÀ cmPy-t{Zm-ln-I-fm-sW¶p ]d-bp¶p.- I-cn-¦men bqWn-b-\p-Isf B ioÀh-Zn-¡p-¶p. Hcp Ime¯v CS-Xp]- £ - \ n- e - ] m- S p- I Äs¡ms¡bpÅ Bßob ]n´p-W-bm-bn-cp-¶tÃm s\{lp. XIgn imkv{Xo-b-tkm-jy-en-k¯nsâ Bcm-[-I-\mbn \n¡p¶ Ime¯v Fgp-Xnb cmjv{So-b-kz-`m-hapÅ IY-I-fn \nin-X-hn-aÀi-\¯n\v hnt[-b-am-¡p¶ asämcp km aq-ly-{]-h-WX aX-¯nsâ cmjv{Sob CS-s]-S-ep-I-f-m-Wv. aXNnÓ-§Ä Km Ônbpw kmaq-ly-hy-hlm-c-¯n D]-tbm-Kn-¨n-cp-¶p-sh-¦nepw aXm-XoX-amb ho£-Whpw DÄ¡m-gvNbpw At±-l-¯nsâ Xocp-am-\-§Ä¡pw {]hr-¯n-IÄ¡pw ]n¶n-ep-­m-bn-cp¶p.- F-¶m tIm¬{K-knse `qcn-] £w hcp¶ bmYm-Øn-Xn-I -a-X-hm-ZnIÄ C§-s\-bpÅ-hcmbn-cp-¶n-Ã.A-hÀ hÀKo-bXbpÅ I®n-eqsS am {Xw Imcy-§sf ImWp-Ibpw {]hÀ ¯-\-]-cn-]m-Sn-IÄ Bkq-{XWw sN

bvXv t]mcp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-¶p.- kmam-\y-a-\p-jysâ \nXy-Po-hn-X-¯n sI«p-]n-W-ªp-In-S-¡p¶ aX-]-c-am b BNm-c-§fpw BtLm-j-§fpw tZim-`n-am\w hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¡m³ ]ecpw D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp.C-Xnsâsbms¡ ^e-am-bn-cp¶p ap Éo-§fpw lnµp-¡fpw H¶n-¨p-\n¶v sNbvX ka-c-¯nsâ t\«w AhÀ¡v H¶n-¨-\p-`-hn-¡m³ Ign-bmsX t]m b-Xv. HSp-hn cmPyw Xs¶ `n¶n-¨phn-`-Pn-t¡­n h¶p-. lnµp-þ-apÉow hÀKo-b-X-bpsS sXgp-¯p-h-fÀ¨sb ]mh- s ¸- « - h sâ tamN- \ - ¯ n- \ pÅ sFIy-\n-c-bpsS t\tc-bp-Å- I-S-¶m{I-a-W-am-bmWv XIgn ImWp-¶-Xv. hÀKo-bX apX-em-fn-¯-¯n-sâ bpw Øm]n-X- Xm-Â]-cy-§-fp-sSbpw D-Â]-¶-am-bn-cp-¶p. P·n-¯-¯n\pw tIm¬{K-kn\pw Hcp-t]mse ]¦mfn¯-ap-­Xnsâ hfÀ¨-bn F¶v XIgn hniz-kn-¡p-¶p. At±lw ap t¶m-«p-h-bv¡p-¶ -cm-jv{Sobw hÀKkw-LÀj-§sf ASn-Øm-\-am-¡nbp-Å- amÀIvknÌvv ^ntem-k-^nsb ]n´p-S-cp¶XmbXp-sIm­v tIm¬ {KkpÄs¸-sS-bpÅ cmjv{So-b-¸mÀ«nI-fpsS hÀKXm-Â]-cy-§Äs¡-Xnsc-bpÅ t]mcm«w IqSn-bm-WXv. C hn-sS-sbms¡ KmÔn-Pnsb Xt¶msSm¸w tNÀ¯p-\nÀ¯n-s¡m­v km {am-Py-¯-¯n\pw apX-em-fn-¯-¯n \pw AXv t]mjn-¸n¨v hfÀ¯p¶ aX-hÀKo-b-X-bpÄs¸-sS-bpÅ FÃmhn[ hn`-P\iàn-IÄ¡p-sa-Xnsc At±lw \ne-]m-sS-Sp-¡p-¶p. -H-cpImcyw icn-bmW.v B-Zy-Ime XIgn C³Uy³ kmaq-lym-h-Øsb hniI-e\w sNbvXv F¯n-t¨À¶ XoÀ ¸p-IÄ C¶pw {]k-à-am-Wv.- IayqWn-Ìp-IÄ Km-ÔnPnsb hnaÀi-\-hnt[-b-am-¡p¶ Ime-¯mWv At±-l¯nsâ C³Uy³ kmaq-ly-{]-tbmK]²-Xnsb Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc ]n³Xm§n-s¡m­v XIgn Xsâ IY-I-fn \ne-]m-sS-Sp-¯n-«p-Å-Xv. CXv icn-bm b \ne-]m-Sm-bn-cp-¶p-sh¶v ]n¡m eNcn{Xw ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p. tIm¬{K kv hÀKo-b-{]o-W-\-¯n\pw P·n-þ-apX- e m- f n- Xm-  ]- c y- § Ä¡p- a mIpw ap³Xq¡w sImSp-¡p-¶-sX¶ \nco£Ww kXy-sa¶v hÀ¯-am\Imew sXfn-bn¨psIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. aX-]-cam-b-cm-jv{Sobw C³Uysb Iog-S-¡psa¶ XI-gn-bpsS `b-¯nsâ [z\nIÄ C¶v A£-cmÀY-¯n bmYmÀ Yy-am-bn-s¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. ]t£ At±lw B{K-ln¨ H¶v \S-¶n-Ã. Iayq-Wn-Ìv-þ-tkm-jy-enÌv {]Øm-\§-fpsS apt¶äw hn^-e-am-b- kz-]v\ambn Ct¸mgpw Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶p.

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P-ap-J-\mb KW-]-Xn-bpsS hml-\sâ -ssh-cn-bm-WtÃm ]q¨. Cu ]q¨bpsS P·-tZ-iw CuPn-]väm-sW¶pw CXns\ BZ-y-ambn CW¡n hfÀ¯n-bXv CuPn-]vj-y³ P\-X-bmsW¶pw \c-hw-i-]-Tn-Xm-¡Ä \nco-£n-¡p¶p. CXnsâ \nPØnXn F´m-bmepw B [p-\nI Ncn-{X-¯nsâ P\- b n- X m- h mb sl tdm-tUm-«kv (_n kn 484-þ425) Xsâ Ncn{X-Ir-Xn-bnÂ, Cu Pn-]vj-y³ P\-XbpsS BNm-cm\p- j v T m- \ - § - f n  ]q¨ ]peÀ ¯p¶ kzm-[o\-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v khn-kvXcw {] Xn-]m-Zn-¡p-¶p. hfÀ-¯p-ar-K§-fmb ]q¨bv ¡pw ]«n¡pw ] ip-hn\pw AhÀ Znh-y-X - zw IÂ]n¨v Bcm-[n-¨n-cp-¶p. H cp-ho-«n Hcp ]q¨ N ¯m arX-tZlw a\pj-ytâXp-t]mse kw kvI-cW {]{In-b-IÄ \S¯n \K-c-¯n {] tX-yIw \nÀan-¨n-«p-ff I Ã-d-I-fn AS¡w sN¿W-am-bn-cp-¶p. AXp-am-{Xaà ho«p-ImÀ X§-fpsS ]p cn-I-§Ä £ucw sNbvXv ZpxJhpw BN- c n- ¡ - W w. {]mNo\ CuPn-]vXnse Hcp {Kma-tZ-h-X-bmb _p_m-kv Xokv tZhn-bpsS hnip-²ar-Kw-t]mepw ]q¨-bm-bn-cp¶p. Cu tZhn¡v AÀ]nt¡­ t\À¨IÄ t£{X¯nse hfÀ¯p-]q-¨-IÄ ¡v `£-W-ambn \ÂInbm aXn- b m- b n- c p- ¶ p. t£{X-]q-¨-I-fpsS t£ ssa-i-z-c-y-§Ä \nco-£n¡m³t]mepw taÂt\m-«¡msc \ntbm-Kn-¨n-cp-¶pht{X!

Infn¸ - m«v

Hcp icm-icn ae-bm-fn¡pw, Hcp hfÀ¯parKw F¶-Xn-\-¸pdw ]q¨ bv¡v \nc-h[n am\-§-fm-Wp-f-f-Xv. hr¯n-bpsS {]Xo-I-ambn \mw ]q¨ sb ImWp-¶p. AXp-sIm-­m-WtÃm ]«nsb ]pdw-Xn-®-bn-sem-Xp-¡n-bn«v ]q¨¡v ]qapJw apX ]mN-I-¸p-chsc \mw kzm-X-{´yw A\p-h-Zn-¨psIm-Sp-¯n-«p-f-f-Xv. hr¯n-bp-ff ]q¨ hr¯n-bm¡nh¨ ]mÂ]m-{Xs¯ ¡pdn¨v Ipªp®namjv ]mSn-b-Xpw AXp-sIm-­m-W-tÃm. ]q¨sb km £n-bm-¡nb \ÃXpw Xo¿-Xp-amb \n c-h[n hni-zm-k-§Ä C¶pw \½psS {Kma-y-a-e-bm-f-¯n-ep-­v. ""]q¨h¶p s]ä hoSv'' sFi-z-cy-Zm-b-I-am-Ip-t¼m Ä hgn-bm-{X-bn h«w-Nm-Sp¶ ]q¨ hnLv\-Im-cn-bm-Ip-¶p. Idp-¯-]q¨ t]Sn-bpsS {]Xo-I-am-sW-¦n ""an ­m¸q¨'' au\-`m-hs¯ hy-RvPn-¸n¡p-¶p. ""]q¨-\-S¯w'' Ah-[m-\-X sb kqNn-¸n-¡p-t¼mÄ ""]q¨w-]-d-b Â'' cl-k-y-`m-hw-t]-dp¶p. ""]q¨ k \ymkn'' Im]-S-y-¯ntâbpw ""]q¨-¡ ®v''sshcq-]-y-¯ntâbpw {]Xo-I-§fm-Wv. ""KP-ap-J-hm-l-\cn-]p-\-b\'' s\¶v {]Xn-tbm-Knsb Bt£-]n¨ Ihn-bpsS IY ae-bm-fn-bpsS \m«phm-Nm-ep-I-fn C¶pw kPo-h-am-Wv. ""]q¨-sb-¡­ Fenbpw'' ""]q¨bv¡v aWn-sI-«m³ aSn-¡p¶ `ocphpw'' ""\mep-Im-en hogp¶ ]q¨bpw'' F Ãmw ae-bm-fn-bpsS ]g-samgn-¸-¯m-b¯nse \nd-km-¶n-[-y-§-fm-Wv. Npcp¡-¯n \½psS kmaq-l-yt_m[¯n-epw, kuµ-c-y-k-¦Â]-¯nepw, `mjm-{]-tbm-K-¯nepw hni-zm-k-{]-amW-§-fnepw X¯n-¡-fn-¡p¶ ]q¨ samgn-IÄ GI-tZiw \qtdmfw hcpw. ]q¨-bpsS ]Z-hn-\-ymkw ]Xnª Øe-\m-a-§fpw ae-\m-«p-h-g-¡-¯n  kpe-`w. ]q¨-¡p-fhpw ]q¨-¡mSpw ]q¨-{]bpw ]q¨m-Sn-bp-saÃmw Nne D Zm-l-c-W-§Ä am{Xw F¶m ]q¨h-y-¯m´w \m«p-hn-Úm-\o-b-¯n am{X-aà {]uV-N-cn-{X-¯nepw CSw t\Sn-bn-«p-­v. {]mNo-\-tI-c-f-¯nse ^yq-U hm-gvN-¡m-e¯pw cmP-`-c-W-Im-e ¯pw \ne-\n-¶n-cp¶ \nIp-Xn-IÄ


\mw \S-¶ hgn-IÄ \oNhpw \nI-r-jvThpw AXn-tesd ] cn-lm-k-P-\-I-hp-am-bn-cp-¶p. Abn¯hpw ASn-a-¯hpw sImSn-Ip-¯nhm-Wn-cp¶ A¡m-e¯v Ah-ÀWcn  ASn-t¨Â]n-¨n-cp¶ \nIp-Xn-IÄ \qdn-te-sd-bm-bn-cp-¶p. sXmgn-en\pw sXmgn-ep-]-I-c-W-§-Ä¡pw Xebv ¡pw apebv¡pw Xmen-sI-«n\pw ta Âao-i-¡p-saÃmw ASn-bd XoÀ¯v PohnXw Xf-fn-\o-t¡-­n-h¶ Hcp tIc-fob kaq-l-t¯bmWv a[-y-Ime-L-«-¯n \mw ImWp-¶-Xv. t]mÀ «p-Ko-kp-ImÀ tIc-f-¯n I¸en-d§p-t¼mÄ Cu sIm-¨p-tI-c-f-¯n \ne-\n-¶n-cp¶ \mÂ]-tXmfw \m«pcm-P-y-§-fnÂ, I®qÀ tI{µ-am-¡n `cWw-\-S-¯n-bn-cp¶ Ad-bv¡ÂtZi ¯v \S-¸p-­m-bn-cp¶ Hcp \nIpXn k{¼-Zm-b-am-bn-cp¶p ]q¨-¡m-Ww. acp-a-¡-¯mbw XpSÀ¶p-h-¶n-cp ¶ Ad-bv¡Â IpSpw-_-¡mÀ tIc-f¯nse GI-apÉow `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Ifm-bn-cp-¶p. IpSpw-_-¯nse Gähpw {]mbw-Iq-Snb AwKw þ AXv kv{Xo bm-bmepw ]pcp-j-\m-bmepw þ ]c-¼cbmbn `c-W-ta¡p-¶p-. `c-Wm-[nImcn ]pcp-j-\m-sW¦n Ben-cm-Pmsh¶pw kv{Xobm-sW-¦n Ad-bv ¡Â_ohn F¶p-amWv ]«-t¸-cp-IÄ. CÉmw-a-Xw kzo-I-cn¨v a¡-¯p-t]m b tNc-am³ s]cp-am-fp-ambn ""tIctfmÂ]-¯n-IÄ'' Ad-bv¡Â cmPhw-is¯ _Ô-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. F¶m  tIme-¯n-cn-bpsS a{´n-am-cn-semcm-fmb Ac-b³Ip-f-§-c-\m-bÀ tIm hn-e-Is¯ Hcp cmP-Ip-am-cnsb t{] an¨v ]cn-W-bn-¨-tijw CÉmw-a-X¯n tNcp-¶-tXmsS Cu cmP-hw iw DÂ`-hn-¨p-F-¶mWv asämcp `m j-yw. AsX-´m-bmepw I®qÀ Xpd-apJ-¯nsâ A[n-]-Xn-bm-bn-¯oÀ¶ Ben-cm-Pmhv {ItaW hS-t¡-a-e-_mdnse Ge-¯ntâbpw Ipcp-ap-f-In tâbpw hym-]m-c-Ip-¯I t\Sn-sb-Sp¯p. A§ns\ I¨-h-S-¯n-eqsS K W-y-amb km¼-¯n-Im-`n-hr-²nbpw cm jv{So-b-k-zm-[o-\-i-ànbpw Ad-bv¡  cmP-hw-i-¯n\v Ic-K-X-am-bn. Hcp I¸Â kaqlw Xs¶ k-z-´ambp­m-bn-cp¶ Ben-cm-Pm-¡-·mÀ ]n Im-e¯v e£-Z-zo-]p-I-tfbpw X§fpsS A[n-Im-c-]-cn-[n-bnÂsIm­ph-¶p. I¨-hSw A`n-hr-²n-s¸-«-tXm-SpIqSn I®qÀ Xpd-apJw ae-_m-dnse Gähpw henb hym-]m-c-tI-{µ-ambn amdn. hntZ-in-b-cp-tSbpw kz-tZ-in-b-cptSbpw ]­n-I-im-e-IÄ Xpd-ap-J-¯n sâ Hmc-§-fn DbÀ¶p-h-¶p. ]­nI-im-e-I-fpsS F®hpw hym-]vXnbpw hÀ[n-¨-tXmsS Hcp Kpcp-X-c-amb {]

iv\w DbÀ¶p-h-¶p.... aqjn-I-i-e-yw... {Iam-Xo-Xambn s]äp-s]-cp-Inb Fen-IÄ ]­n-I-im-e-I-fn kq£n-¨n-cp¶ Nc-¡p-IÄ¡v kmc-amb tISp-]m-Sp-IÄ hcp¯n. {ItaW CXv I¨-h-Ss¯ {]Xn-Iq-e-ambn _m[n-¡m³ XpS-§n. I¨-hS{]apJ-cn ]ecpw Xpd-apJw hn«p-t]m-Ip-sa¶ Ah-Ø-h-¶p. B[p-\nIcoXn-bn-epff Fen-¸m-jm-W-§Ä kz]v\m-h-Ø-bn-em-bn-cp¶ A¡m-e¯v Fen-Isf \in¸n-¡m³ aqjn-I-ssh-cn-I-fmb ]q¨-I-sf-¯s¶ \ntbm-Kn-¡p-hm³ cmP-Øm\w Xocp-am-\n-¨p. cmP-IobD¯-c-hn³{]Imcw DÄ\m-S³ {]tZ-i-§-fnÂ\n-¶pw [mcmfw ]q¨¡p-ªp-§sf I®qÀ Xpd-ap-Js¯ ]­n-I-im-e-I-fn F¯n-¨p. ]pXp-Xmbn IpSn-tb-ä-s¸« ]q¨-IÄ \mSp-hn-«p-t]m-Im-Xn-cn-¡m³ Ah-bpsS CjvS-`-£-Wamb aÂkyw Ønc-ambn \ÂIm³ GÀ]m-Sp-­m-¡n. CXn-\mbn IS-en he-hoim³t]m-Ip¶ Hmtcm hf-f-¡m-c\pw Znh-tk\ Hmtcm ao³hoXw Hcp {]tX-y-IØ-e¯v GÂ]n-¨p-sIm-f-f-W-sa¶v IÂ]-\-bp-­m-bn. CXmWv Ncn-{X-¯n Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶ ]q¨-¡mWw F¶ \nIp-Xn. ]c-¼-cbm ap¡p-hÀ \ÂIn-bn-cp¶ hebd F¶ sXmgnÂ\nIp-Xn¡v ]pd-tabm-bn-cp¶p Cu ]q¨-¡cw. Imewt]msI-t¸msI ao\nsâ hen-¸-s¯-s¨m-Ãnbpw hdp-Xn-¡m-es¯ ]ncn-hns\s¨mÃnbpw XÀ¡§Ä DS-se-Sp-¡m³ XpS-§n. CXv ]e-t¸mgpw hg-¡n\pw h¡m-W-¯n\pw CS-bm-¡n. Cu k¶n-Kv[m-hØ Hgn-hm¡m³ ]q¨-¡mWw \mW-b-ambn CuSm-¡m³ Xocp-am-\n-¨p. AXp-{]-Imcw Hm tcm he-¡m-c\pw Hmtcm Znhkw c­v ""ss]'' hoXw \ÂI-W-sa¶v hy-hØ sN ¿-s¸-«p. (aq¶v ss] = Hcp ss]k; \mep ss]k = Hcp AW; 16 AW = Hcp cq] CXm-bn-cp¶p A¡m-es¯ \mW-b-h-y-h-Ø). ]q¨-bpsS ]pc-kvIÀ¯mhv cmPmhpw AXnsâ KpW-t`m-àmhv hym-]m-cn-I-fp-am-sW-¦nepw AXns\ Du«n-hfÀt¯­ Npa-Xe ]mhw ap¡p-hÀ¡m-bn-cp-¶p. DStbmsâ ]q¨bv¡v ASn-bm³ sNe-hp -\-S-¯n-b-Xnsâ Xe-hm-N-I-amWv ]q¨-¡m-W-sa-¦n ASn-bmsâ ]q¨bv¡v DS-tbm³ `qan- \oÀhogv¯n-s¡m-Sp-¯ Ncn-{Xhpw ae-_m-dn-\p-­v. Cu kw`hw ]gb sh«¯p \m«n-em-Wv. ""sh«w F«pImXw'' F¶mWv ]g-samgn (H-cp-ImXw GI-tZiw F«v Intem-ao-äÀ). C¶s¯ s]m¶m\n XncqÀ Xmeq-¡p-I-fpsS `mK-§Ä tNÀ¶Xmbn-cp¶p sh«-¯p-\mSv AYhm Xm\qÀ kz-cq-]w. Xp©-¯m-Nmcysâ P·w-sIm­pw, IY-I-fnsb ]cnjvI-cn-s¨-Sp¯ ""sh«-¯p-k-{¼-Zmbw''sIm­pw {]kn²n s]ä-XmWv Cu \m«pcm-P-yw. cma-hÀahenbcmP -sh«w hm-gp¶ Imew. Hcn-¡Â At±lw ]Ã-¡n bm {X-sN-¿th CÃ-¡p-f-¯n Ipfn¨v Cud-\p-Sp-¯p-sIm­v Xd-hm-«n-te¡v \S-¶pt]m-Ip¶ bph-Xzw {Xkn-¨p-\n¡p¶ {iotZhnsb ImWm-\n-Sbmbn. kpµ-cnbmb {iotZ-hn-bn taml-ap-Zn¨ sh«-¯p-cm-P³ tkh-I-sc Ab¨v B kv{Xo-cXv\-¯nsâ hoSpw Npäp-]m-Sp-Ifpw At\-z-jn¨dn-ªp. XpSÀ¶v Hcp ZqXs\ Ab¨v A¶v A´n¡v {iotZ-hn-bpsS XeqÀ Xd-hm-«n-te¡v cmPm-hnsâ Fgp-¶ -f-f¯v D­m-Ip-sa-¶-dn-bn-¨p. Xncp-hm-bvs¡-XnÀhm-bn-ÃmXncp¶ A¡m-e¯v C¯cw ""cmP-Iob Fgp-¶-f-f-¯p-IÄ'' kÀh-km-[m-c-W-am-bn-cp-¶p F¶p am{XaÃ, cmP-Iob hy-`n-Nm-c-§Ä¡v hgn-s¸-Sp-¶Xv A`n-am-\-ambpw B`n-Pm-X-y-Nn-Óambpw Icp-Xn-h-¶n-cp-¶p. \nÝ-bn-¨p-d-¨-Xp-{]-Imcw A´n-bm-b-t¸mÄ sh«¯vcmPmhv {iotZ-hn-bpsS XeqÀ Xd-hm-«n-se-¯n. Xd-hm-«p-Im-c-W-hÀ BNm-c-]q-Àhw \mSp-hmgnsb kzo-Icn-¨p. ]Sn-¸pc IS¶v \Sp-ap-ä¯v F¯nb cmPmhv Xd-hm-«nsâ D½-d¯v IuXpII-c-amb Hcp ImgvN I­p. hnkvXr-X-amb Hcp Xfn-Ibv¡v Npäp-an-cp¶v `£-WwI-gn-¡p¶ Hcp]äw ]q¨-IÄ! Xd-hm-«½ tNmdp-cp-f-IÄ Xfn-I-bn-te¡v C«p-sImSp-¡p-Ibpw ]q¨-IÄ kua-y-cm-bn-cp¶v `£n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ ImgvN Bk-z-Zn¨- \m-Sp-hmgn CXnsâ Imc-W-s¯-¡p-dn¨v XmÂ]-c-y-]qÀhw Xnc-¡n. F{Xtbm Ime-ambn XeqÀ Xd-hm-«p-ImÀ ]q¨-IÄ¡v kZ-y-hn-f-¼p-¶ps­¶pw, X§Ä s¡Ãmw ]q¨-Isf A{X-ta-en-jvS-am-sW¶pw Imc-W-hÀ t_m[n-¸n-¨p. Cu ]q¨k-Z-y-tbmSv IuXp-Ihpw H¸w kt´m-jhpw tXm¶nb cmPmhv XeqÀ Xd-hm-«pImÀ¡v BN-{µ-Xmcw ]q¨-k-Zy \S-¯p-hm-\p-ff hI-bv¡mbn Ipsd-b-[nIw Ccp¸p-\n-e-§Ä XpeywNmÀ¯n-s¡m-Sp-¯p. ]q¨¨nd F¶ t]cn-e-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶ Cu `qan XncqÀ Xmeq-¡n Xe-¡mSv ]©m-b-¯n-em-Wv. Fensb hI-h-cp-¯p-hm-\p-ff D]m[n F¶-Xn-\-¸pdw a\p-j-y-a-\-Êp-I-fpsS Xmc-f-y-¯nsâ _lnÀkv]p-cWw IqSn-bmWv ]q¨-h-fÀ¯Â. C¯-c-¯n a\pj-ysâ D]-Im-cn-bmbpw kl-Im-cn-bmbpw hÀ¯n¨ ]q¨-I-fpsS IY-IÄ t]dns¡m­v ]q¨-¡m-Whpw ]q¨-¨ndbpw ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS HmÀa-I-fnepw Hme-I-fn-epambn C¶pw \ne-\n-¶p-t]m-cp-¶p.

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

45


imkv{X-IYmIu-XpIw tUm kn Pn cma-N-{µ³ \mbÀ profcgram@gmail.com

0471-2323545

Acn-ÌmÀ¡-Ên \n¶v Hcp ktµiw

s{]m

^-kÀ Pb´v hnjvWp \mÀeo-IÀ (Jayanth Vishnu Narlikar, 1938- ) {]i-kvX-\mb Hcp C³U-y³ imkv{XÚ-\m-Wv. ssk²m-´nI tPym-XnÀ`u-XnIw (Theoretical

Astrophysics) BWv A-t±-l-¯nsâ Kth-j-WaWvU-ew. {]]-t©mÂ]-¯n-sb¸änbpff "Øncmh-Øm-kn-²m-´w' (Steady State Theory), tIw{_n-Pn At±-l¯nsâ Kpcp-hm-bn-cp¶ s{^Uvtlm-bnepw (Fred Hoyle, 1915-2001), slÀa³t_m ­nbpw tXmakv tKmÄUpw IqSn-bmWv Bhn-jvI-cn-¨-Xv. Cu kn²m-´¯nsâ hym-J-ym-\-¯n\pw {]Nm-c-¯n\pw \mÀeoIÀ henb ]¦p h-ln-¨p. C³Uy-bn ]qs\ (Pune) bnep-ff {]kn² Kth-j-W-Øm-]-\-amb Inter-University Center for Astronomy and Astrophysis (IUCAA) bpsS Øm]I Ub-dIvS-dmbn ZoÀL-Imew At±lw tkh\w A\p-jvTn-¨p. [mcmfw Ah-Km-V-]-T-\-§-f-S-§nb {]uV-im-kv{X-{K-Ù-§Ä¡p ]pd ta, kmln-Xykuµ-cyw \ndª kb³kv ^nIvj³ t\mhep-Ifpw sNdp-I-Y-Ifpw \mÀeoIÀ cNn-¨n-«p-­v. s{]m^-kÀ \mÀeoI-dpsS {]ikvX kb³kv ^nIvj³ t\mh-emb A Message from Aristarchus (A-cn-ÌmÀ¡-Ên \n¶v Hcp ktµ-iw) F¶ IrXn-bp-ambn \ap-s¡m¶p ]cn-N-b-s¸Smw.

]qÀh-IY BsI 20 A[-ym-b-§-fm-bn-«mWv s{]m-^-kÀ Xsâ {K Ùw kwhn-[m\w sNbvXn-«p-f-f-Xv. AXn BZ-ys¯ aq¶v A[-ym-b-§Ä Hcp "]qÀhI-Y't]mse thdn-«p-\n ¡p-¶p. ]n¶o-Sp-ff 17 A[-ym-b-§-fmWv "apJy-I-Ym-Km-{Xw' (Main plot). BZ-y`mKs¯ C§s\Np-cp¡n¸dbmw. Ata-cn-¡-bnse "\yqsaIvkn-t¡m' kwØm-\-¯nse `o-am-Im-c-amb Hcp tdUntbm sSe-kvtIm-¸mWv "sskt¢m]vkv' (Cyclops). AhnsS tPmen sN¿p¶ Nn{Xw 

46

s{]m^: Pb´v hnjvWp \mÀeo-IÀ

Infn¸ - m«v

apXnÀ¶ imkv{X-Ú-\mWv tPm¬ {]nwKnÄ (John Pringle). Hcp-Zn-hkw bmZr-Ýbm {]nwKn-fn \v iq\-ym-Im-i-¯p-\n¶pw Hcp ktµ iw e`n- ¡ p- ¶ p. Acn- Ì mÀ¡kv (Aristarchus) F¶ \£-{X-h-yq-l¯nse Hcp {Kl-¯nÂ\n-¶mWv k tµ-iw. Cu {Kl-¯nse Pohn-IÄ a\p-j-y-tc-¡mÄ hnImkw {]m]n ¨ alm-_p-²n-im-en-I-fmWv. AhÀ, Ah-sc-¸-änbp-ff hni-Z-hn-h-c§Ä ktµ-i-¯neqsS \mw a\pj-yÀ¡p \ Ip-¶p. ]Icw, \s½-¸-änbpw \½psS am Xr- { K- l - a mb `qan- s b- ¸ - ä n bpw kqcy-s\¸-änbpw hnhc-§Ä \ Im³ AhÀ A t]- £ n- ¡ p- ¶ p. tPm¬{]nw-KnÄ AhÀ Bh-iy-s¸« hnh-c-§Ä Hcp adp-]Sn ktµ-i-¯n-eqsS AhÀ¡v \ÂIp-¶p. XpSÀ¶v Xsâ kplr ¯pw kl-{]-hÀ¯-I-\ - p-amb ]oäÀ temdn¡v (Peter Lorry) Cu AÂ`p-X-


imkv{X-IYmIu-XpIw "cà`oa³' (red giant) Bbn am `qansb¸änbpw dm³ XpS§pIbmWv. Xmakn bmsX AXv "]m©Iv' {Kl ChnSs¯ a\pjy t¯bpw hngp§pw! ]t£ Hcp \qdpsImÃt¯¡v A] sc¸änbpw AhÀ ISanÃ! AXn\nSbv¡v ]m Adnªp. AhcpsS ©¡nse AXn_p²nam³ amcmb PohnIÄ `qanbnte "kqcy'\mb "XmÂa³' ¡p IpSntbdn¸mÀIm\m \£{Xw Hcp Wv ]²Xn. AXnsâ BZyL«ambn "cà`oa³' Bbn Hcp Iqä\mb BImi\u Ibn \qdpt]cS§nb amdm³ XpS§pIbmWv. kwLw ]m©¡n \n XmaknbmsX AXv ¶p]pds¸«p. ]t£ kucbqY¯nse£p{Z "]m©Iv ' {Klt¯bpw {Kl§fn (asteroids) hngp§pw! ]t£ Hcp H¶n X«n. AhcpsS \uI XIÀ¶pt]mIp \qdpsImÃt¯¡v A] ¶p. kab¡pdhpaq ew tIhew Hcp inip ISanÃ! AXn\nSbv¡v hns\ am{Xta, kpc ]m©¡nse AXn_p²nam³ £nXambn `qanbn tebv¡bbv¡m³ amcmb PohnIÄ `qanbnte¡p AhÀ¡p km[n¨p Åq. \o­bm{X IpSntbdn¸mÀIm\mWv ]²Xn.

k-tµ-i-s-¯¸än Adnhp \ÂIn-b-tijw IqSp-X hnhc-§Ä t\cn-«p-]-d-bm-sa-t¶äv {]nwKnÄ temdn-bpsS ho-«nte¡p bm{X Xncn-¡p-¶p. ]t£, bm{Xm-a-t[y {]nw KnÄ Hcp A]-I-S-¯nÂs]«p acn-¨p-t]m-Ip-¶p. F´m-bn-cp¶p Acn-ÌmÀ¡-Ên \n¶p e`n¨ k tµiw? {]nwKnÄ A-b¨ adp-]Sn F´m-bn-cp¶p? \½p sS Kme-Ivkn-¡p-t]mepw ]pdta, asämcp Kme-Ivknbnse \£-{X-h-yq-l-amb Acn-ÌmÀ¡-Ênse PohnIÄ¡v {]nwKnfnsâ ktµiw In«ntbm? ]ns¶ F ´p-­mbn? H¶pw Adn-bnÃ! ]oäÀ temdn C¶v htbm-hr²\mWv. Cu AcnÌmÀ¡kv ktµ-i-IY AbmÄ Xsâ ]g-b-a-\-Ên  kq£n-¡p¶p þ BtcmSpw ]d-bp-¶nÃ; ]d-ªns«-´p-Im-cyw!

apJ-y-IY hÀj-§ÄI-S-¶p-t]mbn. C³Uybn alm-cmjv{S kwØm-\-¯n \nhkn¡p¶ Z¼-Xn-IfmWv kp[m-Idpw amen-\n-bpw. Hcp bm{X-bv¡n-Sbn hgn-bn InS-¶p-I-c-bp¶ Hcp A\m-Yiniphns\ AhÀ Is­-¯n. A-h-Im-in-IÄ Bcp-anÃ; A[n-I - m-cn-I-fpsS A\p-hm-Z-t¯msS amen\n B inip-hns\ Zs¯-Sp-¯p. Ip«n-I-fnÃm¯ ZpxJw A\p-`-hn-¨n-cp¶ kp[m-IÀ-þ-ameXn Z¼-Xn-IÄ in-ip-hn\v "BtemIv' F¶p t]cn-«p. (B-temIv F¶m adm¯n `mjbn "shfn¨w' F¶ÀYw.) AXn_p²n-am-\mb Hcp inip-hmWv BtemIv F¶v {ItaW "AÑ\-½amÀ¡p' a\Ên-em-bn. inip hfÀ¶p hen-b-Ip-«nbmbn; kvIqfnepw ]n¶oSp tImsf-Pnepw H¶m-a-\m-bn. am{X-aÃ, AX-y-km-[m-cW-amb _p²n-km-aÀYy Hcp AÂ`p-X-bp-hm-hmbn BtemIv Adnbs¸«p. F¦nepw Nnet¸msgÃmw, Znhk§tfmfw BtemIv au\nbmbn, Nn´maá \mbncn¡pw. F´p]än F¶p tNmZn¨m H¶pw ]dbpIbnÃ. Dd¡¯n\nSbv ¡v kz]v\w ImWp¶t]mse Nne hm¡pIÄ Dds¡¸dbpw þ Xmcp, amcp, ]m ©Iv, XmÂam³ F¶n§s\ (TARU, MARU, PANCHAK, TALMAN) (CE 2025 temI¯nse Gähpw {]ikvX imkv{XKthjW tI{µambn "temIimkv{XA¡mZan' (World Science Academy - WSA) AwKoIcn¡s¸«p. AXnse KthjWhnZymÀYnbmbn BtemIv XncsªSp¡s¸«p. BsI 10 t]cmWv XncsªSp¡s¸«Xv. Ahcn Hcmfmb \yqkne³UpImcn km³{U (Sandra) bpambn BtemIv t{]a_²\mbn. Ahkm\]co£bpw Ignªp; WSA bnse Gähpw {]ikvX\mb KthjI\mbn BtemIv tPmenbn tNÀ¶p. DuÀPkze\mb bphimkv{XÚ\mbn BtemIv Adnbs¸«p. AbmfpsS CSbv¡nSbv¡pÅ au\hnjmZ`mhs¯¸än km³{U¡p am{Xta BZyamZyw Adnbpambncp¶pÅq. CXn\nsS, BtemIv "sskt¢m]vkv' F¶ tdUntbm sSekvtIm¸ns\¸än tI«p. DSs\ \yq saIvkn¡bnse¯n, 90 hbÊmb tUm ]oäÀ temdnsb I­p. tPm¬{]nwKnfnsâ KthjW§sf¸än temdn BtemInt\mSp hnhcn¨p ]d ªp. FÃm hnhc§fpw Hcp Imkänem¡n AXpwsIm­v tUm temdnsb ImWm³ t]mIpt¼mgmWv tUm {]nwKnÄ Imd]IS¯nÂs¸«p acn¨pt]mbXv. A{im´]cn{ia§Äs¡mSphn BtemIv B Imkäv A]ISØe¯p \n¶pw Is­Sp¯p. AXnse hnhc§sfÃmw a\Ênem¡n. C\nbt§m«v, Hcp UnäIvSohv t\mhenset¸mse DtZzmKkw{`aPSneam bmWv \ÀeoIdpsS t\mh Npcpfgnbp¶Xv. ChnsS AXv Npcp¡n¸dbs«. {]nwKnfnsâ ktµiw AcnÌmÀ¡kv hyql¯nse "XmÂa³' (TALMAN) F¶ \£{Xs¯ Npän {`aWw sN¿p¶ {Klamb ]m©¡nse (PANCHAK) Aam\pj_p²nPohnIÄ¡p In«nbncp¶p. `qansb¸änbpw ChnSs¯ a\pjy sc¸änbpw AhÀ Adnªp. AhcpsS "kqcy'\mb "XmÂa³' \£{Xw Hcp

¡nSbn BImi \uIbn¯s¶ Xmcp þ amcp Z¼ XnIÄ¡p­mb iniphns\bmWhÀ `qanbnse¯n ¨Xv. B iniphmWv BtemIv! B temInsâ AÑ\mb "Xmcp'hpw A½bmb "amcp'hpw BImi\uI bnse asäÃm bm{XnIcpw `uam´ co£¯n F¯pw apt¼ \in¨p t]mbn. C\n clky§sfm¶panÃ. \· am{XapÅ PohnIfmWv ]m©Iv {Kl¯nepÅXv þ bmsXmcp A[a hnNmchpw Xo­m¯hÀ. F®hpw IpdhmWv. tZhXpeycmb AhÀ `qanbnse¯nbm AhÀ¡p `qan sb kzÀKam¡m³ Ignbpw. cq] ¯n `qanbnse a\pjycpambn AÂ`pXIcamb kmZriyapÅh cmWv ]m©Iv \nhmknIÄ (B temIv Xs¶ AXn\v Hcp DZmlc Ww!) Ahsc þ ]m©Iv \nhmknIsf þ Ct§m«p `qanbnte¡p £Wn¡p I F¶ IrXyw am{Xta _m¡n bpÅq. tUm temdnbptSbpw km³ {UbptSbpw A\phmZt¯mSpIqSn BtemIv ]m©Iv \nhmknIÄ¡v Cu ktµiw þ `qanbnte¡pÅ kzmKX]qÀWamb £Ww þ ssk t¢m]vkv aptJ\ Abbv¡p¶tXm sS t\mh Ahkm\n¡p¶p.

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ZÀi-\w tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nÅ

{ioi-¦-cm-Nm-c-y-hn-c-Nn-X-amb

aWn-c-Xv\-amem kvtXm{Xw ("{ipXn-{]nb' hym-J-ym\w)

Inw

8 `qj-WmXv `qj-W-a-kvXn- ioew XoÀYw-]cw Inw kz-at\m hnip²w Ina-{X- tlbw I\Iw N Im´m tkhyw kZm Inw Kp-cp-th-Z-hm-I-yw. tNmZyw : `qj-WmXv `qjWw Inw AkvXn = Ae¦m-c-§fnÂh¨v A-e-¦mcw F´mWv? D¯cw : ioew þ \Ãioew (X-s¶) tNmZyw : ]cw XoÀYw Inw = t{ijvT-amb XoÀYw F´m Wv? D¯cw : hnip²w kz-a\x = ]cn-ip-²-amb kz´w a\Êp (Xs¶). tNmZyw : A{X Inw tlbw = ChnsS F´mWv shdp-¡-s¸-tS­Xv? D¯cw : I\Iw Im´m N = I\-Ihpw Iman-\nbpw tNmZyw : Inw kZm tkhyw = F´mWv Ft¸mgpw tkhn-¡-s¸tS-­Xv? D¯cw : Kpcp-th-Z-hm-Iyw = Kpcp-hnsâbpw thZ-¯nsâbpw hm I-yw. "`PtKmhn-µ'¯nse, AÀYw A\ÀY-am-sW¶p {]Jy-m-]n¡p¶ ""AÀY-a-\ÀYw `mh-b -\n-Xyw \mkvXn- XXx kpJ-teix kXyw ]p{Xm-Z]n [\-`mPmw `oXnx kÀ-h-ss{Xjm hnln-Xm-\oXnx '' F¶ tÇmIhpw (29), Iman-\nbpw Im©-\hpw Hcp-t]mse tamlm-thiw D­m¡p¶hbm-sW¶p hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p¶ ""\mco-kvX-\-`c \m`o-tZiw ZrjvSzm amKm tamlm-thiw GX· - mwk hkmZn hnImcw a\kn hnNn´b hmcw hmcw'' F¶ tÇmIhpw (3) ChnsS kvacW - oba - mWv. 9 tItlXthm {_Ò-K-tXkvXp k´n kÕw-K-XnÀ Zm´n hnNmc tXmjmx tI k´n k´x Ine hoX-cmKm AYm-kvX -tamlmx inh-X¯-z-\njvTmx tNmZyw : {_Ò-KtXx Xp tI tlXhx k´n = {_Ò-K-Xn¡v BIs« F´mWp tlXp-¡-fmbn Df-f-Xv. D¯cw : kÕw-KXnx Zm´n hnNm-c-tXmjmx þ kÖ-\-kwKw, iaw, hnNmcw, kt´mjw F-¶nh (B-Wv). tNmZyw :k´x Ix k´n = k¯p-¡Ä Bcm-Wv. D¯cw : hoX-cmKmx AY AkvX-t-amlmx inh-X-¯-z-\njvTmx = hoX-cm-K·m-cmbn ]n¶oSv B{Klw \in-¨-h-cmbn inhX¯z\njvT-·m-cm-bn-cn-¡p-¶hÀ (B-Wv)

48

Infn¸ - m«v

""tam£Z-zmtc Zzm-c-]m-em-Ý-X-zmcx ] cn-IoÀ¯nXmx itam hnNmcx kt´mjÝXpÀYw km[p-kw-Kaw''þ tam £-¯nsâ hmX Im¡p-¶-hÀ \m ep-t]-cm-Wv. Ah, iaw, hnNmcw, k t´mjw, km[p-kw-Kaw F¶n-h-bmWv. CXn kÖ-\-k-l-hm-k-¯n \p Xs¶bmWv {]Y-a-Øm-\w. 10 tIm hm Pztcm {]mW-`rXmw ln Nn´m aqÀJkvXp tIm bkvXp hnth-Ilo\x Imc-ym -abm Im inhhnjvWp-`ànx Inw Poh\w tZmj-hn-hÀPnXw bXv. tNmZyw : {]mW-`rXmw Ix hm Pzcx = {]mWn-IÄ¡v F´mWv Pzcw? D¯cw : Nn´m ln = Nn´ (X-s¶) BW-tÃm. tNmZyw : aqÀJx Xp Ix = aqÀJ³ B Is« BcmWv? D¯cw : bx Xp hnth-I-lo\x (k Gh) = bmsXm-c-p-h-\m-Is« hnth-Ilo-\³ Ah³ Xs¶. tNmZyw -þ abm Im Imcym = F¶m sN¿-s¸-tS-­Xv F´mWv? D¯cw þ inh hnjvWp-`ànx = inhhn-jvWp-`-àn-bm-Wv. tNmZyw þ Poh\w Inw = Poh\w F´mWv? D¯cw þ bXv tZmj-hn-hÀPn-Xw XXv = bmsXm¶v tZmj-hn-hÀPn-X-am-tWm AXp-X-s¶. Nn´ ico-cs¯ timjn¸n-¡p¶p. k¯n-s\bpw Ak-¯n-s\bpw Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶-XmWv Adn-hv. CXn\p Ign-hn-Ãm-¯-h³ aqÀJ-\mWv. Cuizc-\n-ep-ff ip²-`-àn-bn-emWv bYmÀ Y-kpJw IpSn-sIm-f-fp-¶-Xv. A\-y À¡v bmsXm-cp-hn[ ZpxJhpw D­m¡m-¯Xpw k·mÀK-¯n A[njvTn-X-hp-amb Poh-\-amWv icn-bmb Pohn-Xw. (Xp-S-cpw)


Infnsamgn tUm ]n tkXp-\m-Y³ 9387805522

"Xf-f'bpw "X´'bpw

"A

½ ae-bmfw' F¶ Hma-\-t¸-cn«v ae-bmfn ]p¶m-cn-¡p¶ ½t¡msf X\Xp ae-bm-f¯n\v Hcp an\p-an-\p¸pw tNepw-sNmÆpw FSp¸pw Cu Whpw Xmfhpw Hs¡ D­v. "A½' {]Nm-c-¯n-em-btXmsS _lp-am\w tIdn-t¡dn Hcp ]cp-hambn. "A½' F¶m amXmhv, P\\n, P\-bn{Xn F¶p s]mcpÄ. A ½bv¡v _lp-am\w Gdn-bmsd "A½¨n'bmbn. "tZhn' F¶pw s]mcp-fp-­m-bn. hnti-jn¨pw "`{Z-Imfn'. B Xm bmsc C½nWntbmfw t]Sn h¶-XmWv B hnfn¡p Im cWw. hb-kmb kv{XoIsf BZ-c-kq-N-I-ambn "A½ ¨n' F¶p hnfn-¡pw. "A½-¨n-hoSv' F¶m X¼p-cm-«nbpsS IpSn. cmP-sIm-«m-chpw tZho-k-¶n-[n-bp-am-Imw. Ipc-t¡Wn-s¡mÃw hgn H¶p Npän-bm "A½¨n hoSp' ImWmw. s]m¶¼vcmsâ Dbn-cp-Im¯ s\¿m-än³Ic bnse "A½-¨n-¹m-hn\pw' Cu _lp-am\w D­v. Cu "A½¨n' C¸-fmÀs¡ "Cäv' Bt£- ] - h - g n- b nepw {]tbm-Kn-¡p-¶p-­v. A½-bpsS ]qÀhcq]w "Xff'bmWv. A½ "a½n'bpw "amap'sams¡ B bmsd "Xff' ]Snbn-d§n. {ZmhnUh g¡w "Xff'bpw "X ´'bpam- s W¶v ae- b m- f - ¯ n sâ kz´w X¼p- c m- \ m b "F BÀ' Xncp-ta\n Dd-¸n¨p ]dbp-¶p-ap-­v. "Xff'bv¡v _lp-am\w G dn-bmsd "Xf-f ¨n'bmbn. AXm Wv \m«p-h-g-¡w. ]g-a-bpsS \nd-hn ]g-a-¡m-c-\mb Hcp apX-e-a¨n-bÀ Hcp s]{¼-t¶msct¡dn "Xf-f¨n' F¶p-hn-fn-¨p. DÄ\m-S³ {Kma-¡m-c-\mb aq¯mcv {]mtbW sIm¯pwtImfpw H¸n¨v hN \w ]d-bp¶bmfm-bXn-\m i{Xp-]oU D­m-bn. Hmcv "Xf-f ¨n'sb tIdn-]n-Sn¨p Iqhepw hnfnbpw XpS-

§n. aq¸-cpt­m hnSp-¶p. "Ip«n-¡mew apX _lp-am\-t¯msS Dcp-hn«p ]Tn¨ Hcp hm¡ns\¡pdn¨v s] ¬h-gn-¡mcv t]mtXmw s]m¡tWmw CÃmsX hmbn-«-Sn¡p-¶-Xn Ig-¼n-sö' Xocp-am-\-¯n aq¸cv Dd-¨p\n-¶p. ]ns¶ taf-s¡m-gp¸p XoÀ¶p. "Xf-f¨n'bpw "Xff'bpw X\n ae-bm-f-cq-]¯n C¶pw \n¡p-¶p. "^mj\pw' "]mj\pw' tIdn "s]ä½' "A½' Na-ªm epw "Xff'sb F§s\hnSpw. "s]ä-X-ff' F¶ hm¡n se kuIp-am-c-yhpw kvt\lhpw IqSn Cg-]n-cp-¯-dnbn³. "Xff'sb amXncn Hcp ]g-h-¨m-cmWv "X´'. ]nXmhv, Aѳ, P\-I³ Fs¶ms¡ s]mcpÄ. Hmtcm kaq-l hpw AÑ\v Hmtcm C\-¯n _lp-am\w IeÀ¯n hnfn-¨n-cp-¶p. "X´-¡n-Sm-¯³', "X´-¸Sn', "X´-s¡m-c ­n', "X´-s¡m-ä³', "X´-¸-g-h³'. "X´-bm³', "X´nbm³' XpS-§nbhÀ Dcp-h-s¸-« hgn AXm-Wv. "X´' tI dn "Xh¸'\pw "A¸\pw' "^mZdpw' Hs¡-bm-b-tXmsS Hdn-Pn-\ "X´' ]n³X-f-f-s¸-«p. ta\n-s¡m-gp¸p-ff Aѳ AI-¯m-b-tXmsS "]g-h ³ X´' ]Sn¡p]pd-¯m-bn. ]Sn-IS-¡m³ aSn¨p \n¶ "X´'sb Bt£- ] - ¡ m- c - \ p- a m- ¡ n. "X´-¡n-Sm-¯\pw' "X ´-¸-Snbpw' "X´-s¡mc­n'bpw "X´-s¡-ä \pw' B hgn-bn \n ¡p-¶p. AÑ-s\m ¸w Ib-dn-¡q-Snb A¸\pw H-¶m-a-\m bn amdn. sIm«n-bq-c¸³, Xfn-bn-e-¸³, Imªn-c-§m-«-¸³, I­n-bq-c-¸³ XpS§nb ssZh-§Ä {]Nm- c - h - g n- b n- e m- b tXmsS A¸\pw am À¡p-ho-Wp. F¶m "X´-¡q dv ' FÃm- h À¡pw thWw "X´'sb th­. X´ hgn e `n-t¡­ Ah-Im-iamWv "X´-¡qdv'. X ´-bpsS tZl-{]-IrXn F¶pw X´-tbm-Sp-ff kvt\lw F¶pw CXn\p s]mcp-fp-­v. "X´'sb s]cph-gn-bn Xf-fp-Ibpw X´sb (tijw 51þmw t]PnÂ)

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

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ImSv km£n ]n sI apcfo[c³ 9497184329

Ah§Xm³ s]ä Ip¯oXv (s\-Sp{¼ XpSÀ¨)

X

sâ {Kma-¯n-se-t¸msesbm¶p-am-bn-cp-¶n-à Cu IpSnI-fnse AhØ, tImdm-s©-\-¡p-Sn-bnepw tih ¡p-Sn-bn-ep-sams¡ tdj³ImÀUn-Ãm¯ Hcp IpSpw_w t]m ep-anÃ. Chn-sS-tbm...! HcmÄ¡p-t]m-ep-anÃ. ]ns¶ AXp-­m¡ns¡mSp-¡p-¶-Xn-¶p-ff {ia-am-bn. ]n¶oSv AXpkm[n-¨ns« X¼n-b-hn-Sp¶p ]n³am-dn-bp-f-fq. Cu bm{X-IÄ¡n-S-bnepw X¼n-bpsS a\kv Ak-z-Ø-ambn-X-s¶-bn-cp-¶p. KXnIn«m-t{]Xw IW-¡p-ff bm{X, Hcp IpSn-bn \n¶pw asämcp IpSn-bn-te¡v AhnsS D¯n-cn-\mÄ Ccp¶v asämcp IpSn-bn-te-¡v. bm{X-¡n-S-bn I­p-ap-«nb henbmfpI-fn ]ecpw kn ep¼n IpSn-¡p¶hcm-bn-cp-¶p. A¡qsS IqSn X¼nbpw knep ¼n ioen-¨p. e£yan-Ãm¯ bm{X-bv¡n-S-bn hÃ-t¸mgpw kz´w ho«n-tebv¡v t]mIp-¶Xpw ]Xn-hp-­mbncp ¶p, B kabw i­-h-f-¡n-Ãm¯ Hcp t\ chpw X¼n-¡p-­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. `mcybv¡v Hcp hym-]m-cn-bp-ambn clky-§-fps­¶ hmÀ¯ IqSn ImXn-se-¯n-bt¸mÄ `mc-y-tbm-Sp-ff shdp¸v Gdn, \m«p-ImÀ \pW-]-c-¯n-btXm A tXm... kw`hw kX-y-am-tWm-sb ¶p Xnc-¡m³ X¼n-ap-XnÀ¶n-Ã. ]Icw _Ôw ]ncn-bm-\p-ff Xo cp-am-\-¯n-eq-sS-bmWv apt¶m-«p\o-§n-b-Xv. Fs¶ th­¦o \o thsd s]®p-sI«v! s]m-dp-Xn-ap-«nb `mcy k½Xw aq fn. Ahcp-ambn ]ncnª X¼n ASn¨n-s¯m-«n-¡mcn ]mÀh-Xnsb aq¶ma-Xmbn hnhmlw Ign-¨p. A¶papX X¼n Xmakw ASn-¨nÂsXm-«n-bn-em-bn. ]mÀh-Xn-bn X¼n¡v c­p Ipªp-§Ä ]nd-¶p. c­v skm¸-¡mcns¸¦p©vfv (kp-µ-cnbm-b), Ipªp-§sf hfsc kvt\l-am-bn-cp¶p X¼n¡v. ]t£ Ipªp-§fn aq¯-hÄ A©mw-h-b-Ênepw IS in c­mw-h-b-Ên-epw ac-W-a-S-ªp. Ip«n-I-fpsS acWw X¼n sb hÃm-Xp-e-¨p. AbmÄ ASn-¨n-s¯m«n {Kmas¯ shdp¯p. AtXmsS `mc-y-tbbpw Iq«n apf-Ip-Xd¡pSn¡v bm{X-Xncn-¨p. apf-Ip-X-d-¡p-Sn-bn-se-¯n-b-tXmsS X¼n-bpsS knep-¼n-bSn-¡-dp-Xn-bn-Ãm-Xmbn, Zn\hpw Ht¶m ct­m knep¼n hoXw IpSn-¨n-cp¶ X¼n-bn-t¸mÄ Ccp-]-¯n-\m-ep-aWn t\chpw I©m-hnsâ el-cnsb B{i-bn-¡m³ XpS-§n. knen-¼n-b-Sn ¨v Indp-§p¶ X¼n¡v `mc-y-bp-ambn s]mcp-¯-s¸-«p-t]m-hm³ Ign-bmsX h¶p. IpSn-\n-hm-kn-I-fp-tSbpw kplr-¯p-¡-fptS-bpw D]-tZ-i-§Äs¡m¶pw sNhn-sIm-Sp-¡msX AbmÄ `mc-ysb Dt]-£n-¨p.

50

Infn¸ - m«v


ImSv km£n _Ôw ]ncn-ªp-ff aS-¡-bm-{Xbn `mc-ysb A¡-sc-sb-¯n-¡m³ aW-en-bm-dn\p IpdpsI s]ä Ip¯nbXv (Du-\p-I) X¼n-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Xs¶ Im«n-ep-t]-£n-¨p-t]m-Ip ¶ `À¯m-hns\ Xpfp-¼p¶ I®p-Ifm AhÄ t\m¡n-\n-¶p. B a\ kv Aen-bpw, Xs¶ XncnsI hnfn ¡pw, XIÀ¯-Sn-¡p¶ t]amcn-bn epw Bi ssIhn-SmsX AhÄ \n ¶p. ]t£ {]Xo£ Ahsf XpW¨n-Ã. XIÀ¶-Snª a\-kp-ambn AhÄ \S¶p, ]c-a³IS-hp-IpSn A¶-hÄ¡v A`bw \ÂIn. ]ntä¶v kz´w \m«n Xncn-s¨-¯nb AhÄ GIm-´-Po-hnXw Bcw-`n-¨p. X¼n Xsâ ssP{X-bm{X XpSÀ ¶p-sIm-t­-bn-cp¶p, ]pXnb ]pXnb IpSn-I-fn-eq-sSbpw X¼n Ib-dn-bn-d§n. Cu bm{X-¡n-S-bn-emWv aWn-b½sb I­p-ap-«p-¶-Xv. hn[-hbpw c­v s]¬a-¡-fpsS A½-bp-am-WhÀ. X¼n¡v aWn-b-½-bn {]W-bap-­mbn. Xs¶-¡mÄ ]¯p-ap-¸-¯ ©p hbkv Ipd-hp-ff aWn-b½ hbk-\p-am-bp-ff hnhm-l-¯n\v k½-Xn¡ptam? km[yX Ipd-hm-Wv. F¦n epw Xsâ Bi Xam-i-cq-t]-W-sb¶mepw hen-bm-fp-IÄ¡p-ap¶n Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨p. Xami AhÀ Imc-y-ambn-¯-s¶-sb-Sp-¯p. Ie-ym-Ww\-S¶p. (49þmw t]Pn \n¶v)

]Sn-I-S¯n ]Sn-b-S-bv¡p-Ibpw sN ¿p-t¼mÄ ]ns¶ "X´-¡qdn'sâ Im cyw ]d-tb-­-tÃm. "X´-hgn' F¶m  ]mc-¼-c-y-hp-am-Wv. "X´-¸-gh'\pw "]g-´-ff'bpw BNm- c - h m- ¡ p- I - f n Ib- d n- ¡ qSn Xcw-Xm-W-Xmbn Icp-tX-­. A[n-Imc-¯n\p ap¶n HmÑm-\n¨p \Sp Ip \nªt¸mÄ h¶p-s]« G\-t¡-SmWv. "s]m¶¼vcm³' "Aam-X-y³' "{] P' F¶mWv Du\mw-Ip-cp-¡v. AXp-hgn-bmWv hn\bw IqSn-b-Xv. Cu "AamXy³' C¨nc apäp-]p-f-fn-bm-Wv. AamX-y³ {][m-\-a-{´n-bm-Wv. ]­n\m Xncp-hm-t¦m«v "apX-e-a-¨nb'cpw {][m\-a-{´n-bm-bn-cp-¶p. P\-Iobw h¶msd-bmWv "Bbn-c-¯n Hcp-h³' am Xncn "a{´n-ap-Jy'\mb-Xv. _lp-am\ kqN-I-ambn a{´nsb "a{´n-ap-J-y³' F¶p ]d-bp-¶-Xp-sIm-­mWv "apXe-a-¨n-bÀ' "apJ-y-a-{´n-'bm-b-Xv. "a{´o[o kNn-thm- am-Xy' F¶m

\memw hnhm-l-t¯msS X¼n Xmakw Ccp-¸p-I IpSn¡v amän. X¼n-bpsS hmNm-e-X-bn IpSn \nhm-kn-IÄ hoWp. X¼n Ducp-aq-¸-\mbn Xnc-sªSp¡s¸-«p. X¼n \sÃmcp D]-tZ-i-I-\m-Wv. el-cn-¡-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ D]-tZ-ihpw ISp ¡pw, Adn-hn-Ãm-¯-h-sc¶p, _p²n-lo-\-sc¶p, shfp-I-\p-I-sf-¶p-sams¡ (a­-·mÀ) hnfn¨v iImcn-¡pw. X¼n-bpsS Cu D]-tZiw IpSn \nhm-kn-IÄ¡v Atcm-N-I-ambn¯pS§n AhÀ D]-tZ-i-Is\ shdp-¡m³ XpS§n, X¼n ho­pw Hä-s¸-«p. \ne-\nÂ]n-Ãm-Xmb X¼n IpSn-bn \n¶pw Xma-kw-amän k-z´w ]pcbn-S-¯n IqSn. NpS-e-am-S³, Idp¸v, hS-b£n, s\mf-fn-t]bv, ]nimNv XpS-§nb Acq-]n-I-fm b Bßm-¡-sf-¡p-dn¨v \à Úm\-ap-f-f-hfpw `à-bp-am-bn-cp¶p aWn-b-½. t]bv ]nim-Np-¡sf kz´w ico-c-¯n Bth-in¨v Ibän Acp-fn-¸mSp \S-¯n¡p-hm-\p-ff Ignhv AhÀ¡p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. ss]im-NoI iàn-Isf¡pdn¨v X¼n ¡pw \à Adn-hp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. AbmÄ `mc-y-bp-sS "Znh-y-X-z's¯ t{]mÂkm-ln¸n-¨p. B t{]mÂkm-l-\-¯nsâ ^e-ambn NnXÂ]p-än IpSn-sIm­ ao\m-£nb-½³ tImhn-en-s\m¸w \mK-cm-Pm-hnsâ tImhn IqSn X¼n¡v kz-´-am-bn-¡n«n. CsXÃmw `mc-y-bpsS Acp-fn-¸m-Snsâ ^e-ambn In«n-b-Xm-Wv. CXn-¶n-S-bn X¼n cà-k-½ÀZ-¯n\v ASn-a-s¸«p tcmKn-bm-bn-¯oÀ¶p, tcmKw _m[n-¨-sXm¶pw X¼n Adn-ªn-cp-¶n-Ã. Xe-Np-äepw £oW-hp-sams¡ Bcp-tStbm IqtSm-{X-¯nsâ ^e-am-sW¶v X¼n hniz-kn-¨p. ]e am{´n-IÀ Ip¼n-«p-t\m-¡n-b-t¸mgpw tZh-X-amÀ k¶nth-in-¨-cp-fn-bXpw IqtSm-{X-am-sW¶m-bn-cp¶p. AXn-¶p-ff {]Xn-hn-[n-Ifpw \S-¯n-¸ms¯ (\-S-¯n-t\m-¡n), F ¶n-s«m¶pambn-Ã. X¼n ]£m-LmXw h¶v XfÀ¶p-ho-Wp. kwkmcw \ne-¨p. HSp-hn IpSn-\n-hm-kn-I-sfÃmw tNÀ¶v Im«p-h-gn-I-fn-eqsS Npa¶v hm¸md B ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-¯n-¨p. Bip-]-{Xn-bn \n¶m-W-dn-bp-¶Xv X¼n cà-k-½ÀZ-tcmK-¯n\v ASn-a-bm-sW-¶v. tcmKw h¶v X¼n-bp-sS Hcp-hiw XfÀ¶p-t]m-bn-cp-¶p. Ahn-sS-\n¶pw tIm«bw saUn-¡ÂtIm-sf-Pn-se-¯n. XfÀ¶v InS-¸n-emb X¼n Xsâ A´yw ASp-¯p-sh-¶p-Xs¶ \nÝ-bn-¨p. acn-¡m³ X¼n¡v `b-sam-¶p-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. Xt¶msS s\Sp-{¼-hw-i-¯nsâ DÂ]-¯o-N-cn-{Xhpw \in-¡p-I-bm-Wv. kwkm-c-tijnsb¦n-ep-ap-­m-bn-cp-s¶¦nÂ... acp-a-¡-¯mb hn[n-{]-Imcw ama-·m-cnÂ\n¶pw ]IÀ¶p-In-«nb aqe-P-·N-cn{Xw kn\n-a-bn-se-¶-t]mse Abm-fpsS a\Ên sXfn-ªp. (XpScpw...)

"Xf-f'bpw "X´'bpw Wv Aa-c-tImi hgn. ]t£¦n "AamXy'bpsS s]mcpfv hi-t¡-Sm-Wv. "A am-Xy' F¶m "thiy' F¶p hN \w D­v. AÑ-s\-t¸mse _lp-am-\n-t¡­-bm-fmWv "XmX-e³'. AÑ-s\-¯ s¶ ]c-y-¼p-d-¯m-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ _lp-am-\n-¡-s¸-tS­ "XmXe'sâ Imc-yhpw ]cp-§-en-em-Wv. kwkv IrX hgn-bn Cu "X´-¸-Sn-b³' "XmX\m'Wv. "XmX'\v Kpcp F¶pw ]qP-y-s\¶pw IqSn AÀY-ap-­v. amj-t¡msf Hcp Kpcp-\m-Y-\m-bncp¶ "]«n-tcs¯ kmdp' ]d-ªpX¶ Hcp IY-IqSn tIfn³. aq¸-cpsS t]cv N{µtiJc³ \mbÀ F¶m-bncp¶p. PK-Pm-e-In-Ãm-Sn. Ip¯pw-tIm fpw H¸n¨v tIdn¡f-bpw. Xd-hm-Snsâ aln-a-bn Xd-hm«p t]cn-em-bn-cp¶p {]i-kvXn. HmWm«p Ic-bnse "CS t¸m¬' Imc³ tImin Ata-cn-¡bn sIm¼n¨ DtZ-ym-K-h-gn-bn-em-Wv.

Ah-[n¡p \m«nÂh¶ I£n "X´¸Sn'bpw "Inf-b¡mc\p'amb ]n Xm-hns\ "a¯mbn' F¶v t]sc-Sp ¯p hnfn-¡p-¶-Xp-tI« "]Sn-bm-c s¯ De-l-¶m³ kmdn\p' htc­ hscms¡ h¶p. ]gb inj-y-\mb tIminsb IW-¡äp iIm-cn-¨p. in j-y³ Kpcp-hn-\n«p tIdn-s¡m-¯n. "kmdtà "XmX-I-W-z³' F¶p iIp´f AÑs\hnfn-¨n-cp¶ Imcyw ]Tn¸n-¨p-X-¶-Xv. ]ns¶-´n-\mWv Fsâ ta¡n-«p-tI-dp-¶Xv'. Kpcp-\m-Y³ ]n s¶ "Iam'¶p an­n-bn-Ã. inj-y³ Kp cp-\nµ ths­-¶p-h¨v "X´n-bms\' "A¸³a-¯mbn' F¶p Xncp-¯n-hnfn-¨p. A§-s\-bmWv "apSn-bqÀt¡mW¯vtamfnse' "a¯mbn' "A¸³a¯mbn'bmb-Xv. Kpcp-hn\pw Kpcp-h-N-\-¯n\pw ]«n-tcs¯ kmdn\pw \µn. amtfmcv Kpcp-\nµ sN¿msX \Ã-h-cm-bn-cn¡n³.

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

51


kn²marXw tUm hnt\m_v hÀKokv drvinob@gmail.com

9995976769

tkmdn-bm-knkv

Imc-Whpw ]cn-lm-chpw

]

­p-Im-e-§-fn hfsc Ipd¨v t]cn am{Xw I­p-h-¶n-cp¶ tkmdn-bm-knkv F¶ NÀa-tcm Kw C¶v temI-P-\-X-bpsS 5% s¯bpw _m[n-¡p¶ H¶mbn amdn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. shdpw kuµ-c-y-{]-iv\-s¯¡m-fp-]cn CXv D­m-¡p¶ imco-cn-Ihpw am\-kn-Ihp-amb k¦oÀW-X-IÄ sshZ-y-imkv{Xw hfsc Ku c-h-t¯msS Xs¶ ImtW-­-Xp-­v. B[p-\nI sshZ-y-im-kv{Xw tkmdn-bm-knkv F¶ tcmK-¯n sâ IrX-y-amb Imc-W-§-sfm¶pw I­p-]n-Sn-¨nsÃ-¦nepw imco-cnI {]Xn-tcm[ kwhn-[m-\-¯n sâ XI-cm-dp-sIm-­p-ff Hcp tcm-K-am-bmWv CXn s\ ]cn-K-Wn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. ]pXnb Kth-j-W-§-f\p-k-cn¨v P\n-XI XI-cm-dp-I-fmWv tkmdn-bm-kn-knte¡v hgn-sX-fn-bn-¡p-¶Xv F¶ \nK-a-\-¯n-te-¡m Wv F¯p-¶-Xv. kn²-im-kv{X-{]-Imcw Cu tcmKs¯ "Imfm-©-I-]S' F¶pw, BbqÀth-Z-im-kv{X-¯n kn [vaw, GIw F¶o t]cp-I-fnepw Cu tcmKs¯ {]Xn-]mZn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p-­v.

hfsc IqSp-X-embn ImWm-dp­v. kn², BbqÀthZ ssh Zy-im-kv{X-a-\p-k-cn¨v hncp ² Blm-c-ioew Hcp {] [m-\-Im-c-W-ambn ]cn-KWn- ¡ m- d p- ­ v . X½n tNÀ¯v Ign-¡p¶ ]e Blm-c-§fpw AhbpsS tNÀ¨- b n Dff cmk-]-cn-Wmaw hgn Zln-¡m³ {]bmk-ta-dnb Nne hnj-h-kv Xp-¡-fmbn cq]-s¸-Sp-¶p­v. aÂk-yhpw ]mepw, ]p fn-¸p-ff]g-§fpw ]mepw, B[p-\nI an¡v tj¡p-I Ä F¶nh CXn\v DZm-l-c-Wam- W v . am\- k nIkwLÀjw tkmdn-bm-knkn\v B¡w Iq«p¶-Xmbn ImWp-¶p-­v. A[nIw Bfp-IÄ¡pw Cu tcmKw XWp-¸vIme¯v IqSp-Ibpw th\ÂIm-e¯v Ip d-bp-¶-Xmbpw ImWm³I-gn-bpw. th \ÂIm-e¯v kqc-y-c-ivan-I-fpsS {]h À¯\w ImcWw Cu tcmKw {]I-Sambn ImWm-dn-Ã.

tkmdn-bm-knkv F¶m F´v? Gsd-¡mew \o­p-\n¡p¶ Hcp tcmK-amWv tkmdn-bm-kn-kv. Xz-¡nsâ D]-cnX-e-¯n-ep-ff ""F¸n-sUÀankv'' F¶ ]pdw-kvX-c-¯nsâ tImi-§Ä hfsc th K-¯n A\n-b-{´n-X-ambn hn`-Pn¨v ""kvsIbnÂkv'' AYhm i¡-§-fmbn ico-c-¯nsâ ]pdw-`m-K¯v ImW-s¸-Sp-¶-XmWv tkmdn-bm-kn-kv. CXv ico-c-¯n sâ GXv `mK¯v thW-sa-¦nepw hcmw. F¶m hf-sc-b-[nIw t]À¡pw Nne {]tX-yI`mK-§-fn am{X-ambn CXv HXp-§n-\n¡p-¶p. A[nIwt]cnepw CXv Bcw-`n-¡p-¶Xv ssIap-«p-I-fp-sSbpw ImÂap-«p-I-fp-sSbpw `mKt¯m, Xe-bntem, ]p-dw`m-Kt¯m Bbn-cn-¡pw. sXmen-¸p-d ¯v \n¶pw ASÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¡m-hp¶ sN Xp-¼-ep-I-fmbpw sNdnb Nph¶ hr¯§-fmbpw Ip¯p-I-fm-bp-sams¡ tkm dn-bm-knkv ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p-­v. A[nIw-t]À¡pw sNmdn-¨n D­m-I-Wsa-¶n-Ã. ]t£ Npcp¡w Nne-cn sNmdn-¨n ImWm-dp-­v. IrX-y-am b NnInÂk-I-fpsS A`m-h-¯n  tcmKw kÔn-Isf _m[n¨v kÔn-hm-X-am-Im³ km[-y-Xbp-­v.

(i) ]vtfIv tkmdn-bm-knkv (tkm-dnbm-knkv hÄKm-cn-kv) tkmdnbm-knkv tcmKn-I-fn A[n Iwt]À¡pw ImW-s¸-Sp-¶Xv tkmdnbm-knkv hÄKm-cnkv BWv. ico-c¯nse GsX-¦nepw `mK-§-fn Nph¶v XSn¨v i¡-§Ä cq]-s¸-Sp¶-Xns\ Cu hn`m-K-¯nÂs¸Sp¯mw.

tkmdn-bm-knkv tcmKw hcm-\pff Imc-W-§Ä tkmdn-bm-knkv Hcp P\n-XI XI-cmdp-sIm-­p-ff tcmK-ambn ]cn-K-Wn¡m-dp­v; ImcWw tkmdn-bm-knkv D ff Bfp-I-fn Nne HLA BânP-\p-IÄ

(ii) ]Ìp-emÀ tkmdn-bm-knkv icocam-k-Iew AsÃ-¦n GsX¦nepw `mK-§-fn tkmdn-bm-knkv Ipcp-¡-fpsS coXn-bnÂh¶v AXv ]gp-¡p-¶-Xns\ ]Ìp-emÀ tkmdn-bmknkv hn`m-K-¯nÂs¸-Sp-¯mw.

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Infn¸ - m«v

tkmdn-bm-kn-knsâ hI-t`-Z-§Ä:


kn²marXw (iii) Kt«äv tkmdn-bm-knkv Xz¡nsâ ]pd¯v hfsc sNdnb PeI-Wn-I-I-fpsS hen-¸-¯n-ep-ff h«¯n tkmdn-bm-knkv ImWm-dp-­v. shfp¯s]mSn-t]msebmbn-cn-¡pw CXnsâ i¡-§Ä ImW-s¸-Sp-I. (IV) ^vsfIvsk-d tkmdn-bmknkv icoc`m-K-§-fnse aS-¡p-I-fn hcp ¶ Xc-amWv ^vsfIvsk-d tkmdnbm-knkv. C§-s\-bp-ff `mK-§-fn hcp-¶-Xp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ c­mwL« C³s^-Ivj³kn\v Imc-W-am-Im-dp­v. A§-s\-h-¶m Cu tcmKw I ­p-]n-Sn-¡m³ {]bm-k-am-Wv. Nne ka-b-§-fn CXv skt_m-dnIv sU Àa-ssä-änkv F¶ tcmK-ambn sXän-²cn-¡-s¸-Sm-dp-­v. (v) ]mtam ]vtfâmÀ tkmdn-bmknkv ssI¸¯n-I-fnepw ImÂ]m-Z-§-fn epw ImW-s¸-Sp¶ Xc-am-Wn-Xv. CXv IqSmsX \J-¯n am{Xw

hcp-¶Xv, Xe-bn am{Xw hcp-¶Xv XpS-§nb ]e coXn-bn tkmdn-bmknkv ImWm-dp-­v. tkmdn-bm-kn-kn\v kn²-Nn-InÂk ^e-{]Zw sXmen-bpsS t\À¯ ]pdw-]m-S-bnsem-Xp§n \n¡p-¶-Xà Cu tcmK¯nsâ thcp-I-sf¶pw, cà-amw-kmZn-Ifnte¡pw, am\-knIXe-¯n-te ¡pw Bgv¶n-d§n \n¡p¶ CXn sâ ASn-Øm-\-Im-c-W-§Ä IrX-yambn Is­¯n NnInÂkn-¡p-¶XmWv kn²-im-kv{X-¯nsâ \ne]m-Sv. NnInÂk-bv¡mbn ]e L«-§Ä Cu imkv{X-¯n-ep-­v.  tcmKw sXmen-¸p-d-¯m-sW-¦n epw Xz¡v tcmK-¯nsâ aqe-Im-cWw ico-c-¯nsâ ASn-Øm-\-L-S-I-§fmb tZmj-Zq-j-y-k-´p-e-\-¯n h¶ sshIr-X-§-fm-bXv sIm­v AXo-X-ambn D­m-bn-cn-¡p¶ amen\-y-§sf ]pd´-f-fm-\p-ff hntc-N\w apX-emb tim[-\-Nn-InÂk.

ZkvX-tbhvkvIn

 ico-c-¯nsâ k]vX-[m-Xp-¡sf ]cn-t]m-jn-¸n-¡m-\p-ff s\¿v, cmkmb-\-Nn-InÂk.  X{I-[mc apX-emb [mc-Nn-In Âk  ]pd-sa-bp-ff ]mSp-IÄ apgp-h³ amäm-\p-X-Ip-¶-Xmb F® ]pc-«Â.  tcmKw Xncn¨v hcm-Xn-cn-¡m-\p-ff Blm-c-{I-a-§Ä.

Blm-c-hn-lm-c-¯n {i²n-t¡­Xv  hncp² Blm-c-ioew Hgn-hm¡pI  Xgp-Xma, s\Ãn¡, aªÄ, Im cäv F¶nh Znh-tk\bpff Blm-c¯n DÄs¸-Sp-¯p-I.  sN½o³, R­v, IWh apXemb ISÂhn-`-h-§Ä Hgn-hm-¡p-I. ISÂhn-`-h-§fpw, amwk-hn-`h-§fpw apgp-h³ Hgn-hm-¡n-bm \Ã-Xv.  am\- Ê n- I - k w- L Àjw Hgn- h m¡p-I.  \ntX-y\hym-bmaw sN¿p-I.

]p-kvXI]cn-Nbw

(Po-hn-Xhpw IrXn-I-fpw) \mÂ]-¯©v hÀjw ap³]v, 1971 Â, H¶mw-]-Xn-¸mbn h¶ Pn F³ ]Wn-¡-cpsS "ZkvX-tbhvkvIn' F¶ {]i-kvX-{K-Ù-¯nsâ ]cn-jvI-cn¨v hn]p-e-s¸-Sp-¯nb ]pXnb Bdmw-]-Xn-¸v. hni-z-{]-Xn-`-bmb ZkvX-tbhvkvInsb¡pdn¨v ae-bm-f¯n BZ-y-am-bp-­mb ka-{K-]-T-\w. sNdp-I-Ym-Ir¯v, t\mh-enÌv, hnaÀiI³, C³U-y-\nw-¥ojv Ihn XpS-§nb \ne-I-fn {]i-kvX\mb ]Wn-¡-cpsS Poh-N-cn-{X þ hnaÀi-\-{K-Ù-§-fn þ skms^-¢okv, ]md-¸p-d¯v, tIi-h-tZhv F¶n-h-sc-¡p-dn¨pw ka-{K-]-T-\-§Ä {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨n-«p­v ]Wn-¡À þ Gähpw anI-¨-sX¶v t]cp-tI« {KÙw; Hcp t\mhÂt]mse ck-I-c-ambn hmbn-¨pXoÀ¡m-hp-¶-Xpw. "Ipä-hpw-in-£bpw', "CUn-bäv', "`qXm-hn-jvSÀ', "Ic-a-tkmhv ktlm-Z-c-·mÀ' XpS-§nb temI-{]-kn² t\mh-ep-IÄ DÄs¸-sS-bp-ff ZkvX-tb-hvkvIn-bpsS FÃm IrXn-Ifpw ]Wn-¡À hni-Z-ambpw Bg-¯nepw ]Tn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. "F´psIm­v ZkvX-tbhvkvIn?' F¶ Ah-km\A[ym-b-¯n dj-y-bnepw {^m³ knepw Cw¥-­nepw aäpw At±-l-¯nsâ ka-Im-en-I-cm-bp-­m-bncp¶ {]apJ t\mh-en-Ìp-I-fpsS IrXn-I-fp-ambn Xmc-X-a-y-s¸-Sp¯n ZkvX-tb-hvkvIn-bpsS IrXn-IÄ FÆn[w thdn-«p-\n¡p¶p F¶p ImWn-¨p-X-cp-¶p-ap-­v. kÀthm]cn ZkvX-tb-hvkvIn-sb-¡p-dn¨v ChnsS ]c-¶n-«p-ff sXämb [mc-W-I-fn \n¶v þ \nc-´cw NqXp-I-fn¨pw ImWp-¶-h-tcm-sSÃmw ISw-ta-Sn¨pw ISwsIm-Sp¡m³ aSn-¡p-¶-hsc sImÃm-\m-{K-ln¨pw Hs¡ \S¶ Hcm-fmWv At±-l-sa¶ [mcW þ apànt\Sm\pw ]Wn-¡-cpsS Cu Poh-N-cn{X þ ]T-\-{KÙw hmb-\¡msc klm-bn-¡pw. {]km-[-IÀ : {]`mXv _p¡v lukv. 252 t]Pv, hne : 225 cq]

P\phcn 2017 Infn¸ - m«v

53


Nm¯\nkw _nPp s_Â BÀSvkv bijubellart@yahoo.com

F´mWv amjv... ^mknkhpw... atXXcXzhpw...

FSm... tIcf¯n\I¯v a{´namsc XSbpIbpw FdnbpIbpw sN¿p¶Xv atXXcXzw.

tIcf¯n\p]pd¯v `mj Adnbm¯\m«n h¨v tIcfma{´namsc XSbpIbpw aäpw sN¿p¶Xv ^mknkw...

9995090873

Fs´mcp hchmbncp¶p ]nWdmbnbpsS...FÂ Un F^v hcpw tZ... Ct¸mÄ FÃmw icnbm¡pw...

AXpicnbmSm... a{´namscms¡ hnt[bÀ, ]nWdmbn H¶pt\m¡nbmÂ... apÅn t]mIp¶hÀ... ]ns¶ Cc«N¦s\¶p ]pIgv¯epw...

FÃmw... shdpsXbmbncp¶p.... amjv....

a{´n aWnBim³ cmPnshbv¡nsöp ]dbp¶Xv hnNn{Xw Xs¶ amjv...

sIme]mXIw...]mÀ«nsb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw A]am\aÃSm... A`nam\amSm...

FSm... aWn Bim³... aÂkcn¡pt¼mgpw sImet¡kv {]Xn, Pbn¨t¸mgpw {]Xn, a{´nbmbn kXy{]XnÚ sNbvXt¸mgpw {]Xn... ]ns¶´n\mSm... cmPn...

Cc«N¦s\¶pÅXv icnbmSm...H¶v \oe¡S¼nsâ Xp­pw... atäXv \oe¡pbnensâ IqSpw... _Ôp\nba\¯nsâ t]cn PbcmP³ cmPnh¨tXm...amjv...

[mÀanIXbpsS t]cnÂ... cmPnhbv¡Ww... amjv...

At¸mÄ aWn Bim³ a{´nbmbn XpScpw...AsÃ...

h¬, äp, {Xo... ]dª aWnbmim\v Ct¸mÄ "äp' ]ZhnbmSm... Htc kabw... a{´nbpw {]Xnbpw...

F´mbmepw Bim\pw ]mÀ«nbpw Hcpan¨v "äp' hn\v t]mbXpt]mse Bbn...

\o F´mSm.. ]dbp¶Xv..._Ôp\nba\w kÀhtZiob þ A´ÀkwØm\þ A´À PnÃmþA´À tem¡Â {]Xybimkv{X {]XnkÔn D­m¡pw... AXpt]mse bmtWm sIme...

Infn¸m«v hcnkwJym \nc¡v C³Uybn Hcp hÀjw aq¶p hÀjw

hntZi¯v

` 150/-

US$ 40/-

` 450/-

US$ 150/-

A©p hÀjw ` 750/US$ 175/_b³Up sNbvX ap³e¡§Ä þ {]XnhÀjhmeyw C³Uybn ` 150/þ hntZi¯v US$ 40

hcnkwJy Im\dm_m¦v aW¡mSv imJ A¡u­v No: 2906101002334 te¡v Abbv¡mw

aWnHmÀUÀ / Un Un / XpI F¯nt¡­ hnemkw : FUnäÀ, Infn¸m«v Xp©³kvam-cIw, sFcmWnap«w, aW¡mSv ]n.H., Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw 695009. t^m¬: 0471--2457473, 2456575

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Printed, published, edited and owned by T. G. Harikumar published from Thunchan Smaraka Samithi, Airanimuttom, Manacaud P.O., Thiruvananthapuram - 695 009 and printed at Aradhana Printers, Pangode,Thiruvananthapuram.

Kilippattu january 2017  
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