Page 1

03 Vol. VIII

`mjbneqsS "t{ijvT `mj', "aebmf¯\na', "]gben]n', en]n]oU\w

13Ncn-{Xmt\zjWw 05 Xt¨mfnHtX\\pw D®nbmÀ¨bpw

Issue 6

ISSN 2319 - 4677 Kilippattu

07

hnaÀi-\-lmkyw s^_vdphcnþ14 `KXvknwtKm, hsessât\m?

Unkw_À 2013 (1189 hrÝnIwþ[\p)

aebmf¯nse k¼qÀW amknI

agshůn hgnap«p¶hÀ...!


Unkw_À 2013

1189 hrÝnIwþ[\p

FUntämdnbÂ

aebmfw t{ijvT`mjbmIWsa¦n aebmfnIÄ DWcWw

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ebmfw t{ijvT`mjbmbn AwKoImcw t\Sn. tI{µkÀhIemimehgn aebmfs¯ ]cnt]mjn¸n¡m\pff \S]SnIÄ tI{µkÀ¡mÀ XpS§psa¶v {]Xo£n¡mw. H¸w \½psS kÀ¡mcpwkmwkvImcnI {]Øm\§fpw aebmfs¯ ]cnt]mjn¸n¡p¶Xn\pff ]cn]mSnIfpambn cwK¯nd§Ww. k¶² kwLS\Ifpw ¢ºpIfpw kz´ambn `mjm t{]mÂkml\]cn]mSnIÄ \S¸m¡Ww. kwØm\s¯ kÀhIemimeIfpw hnZymeb§fpw `mjm t{]mÂkm l\]²XnIÄ BhnjvIcn¡Ww.

aebmf¯n t]cnSp¶ kn\naIÄ¡v kwØm\kÀ¡mÀ k_vknUn \ÂIWw. Cw¥ojv t]cnSp¶ aebmfNe¨n{X §Ä¡v {]tXyI \nIpXnGÀs¸Sp¯Ww. Øm]\§fpsSbpw Hm^okpIfpsSbpw {]ZÀi\t_mÀUpIfn BZyw aebmfw FgpXm³ \nÀtZin¡Ww. AÃm¯hbpsS A\paXnd±m¡Ww. kwØm\kÀ¡mcnë kaÀ¸nç¶ FÃmAt]£Ifpw lÀPnIfpw aebmf¯n thWw Fì \njvIÀjn¡Ww. aebmf¯nÂIn«p¶ ]cmXnIÄçw I¯pIÄçw Cw¥ojnÂIn«p¶hsb¡mÄ ap³KW\ Dd¸m¡Ww. Cw¥ojv ]{X§fpsSt]cv tIcfFUnj\pIfn aebmf¯nepw FgpXm³ \nÀtZin¡pI. `cWkncmtI{µamb sk{I«dntbän \nehnepff sabn³ t»m¡v, t\mÀ¯v, ku¯v, km³hn¨v F¶o sI«nSkap¨b§Ä¡v aebmfIhnIfpsS t]cp \ÂIpI. Fgp¯Ñ³, sNdptÈcn, Ip©³\¼ymÀ F¶oIhnIfpsS t]cp \ÂImw. AXp t]mse aävaµnc§Ä¡v Ihn{Xbw XpS§na¬adª Ihoizc·mcpsS t]cpIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv \¶mbncn¡pw. kÀhIemimeIÄ ]T\am[yaw aebmf¯nÂB¡Ww. `mjIqSpX hnIkn¡Wsa¦n imkv{Xhnjb§Ä DÄs¸sSbpffh aebmf¯n ]Tn¸n¡Ww. ]Tn¡m\pff _p²nap«pw NnInÂkn¡m\pff _p²nap«pIfpw ]dªv CXns\ XSp¡m³ {ian¡p¶hsc Imcy§Ä ]dªvt_m[ys¸Sp¯pI. Cämenb³ `mjbnepw PÀa\nepw {^©v `mjbnepw imkv{Xhnjb§Ä ]Tn¡m³ Ignbpsa¦n F´psIm­v C³Uy³ `mjIfn AXn\v IgnbnÃ? ChnSps¯ ]mc¼cysshZyimkv{X {KÙ§sfÃmwXs¶ kwkvIrX¯ntem aäp {]mtZinI `mjIfntem FgpXnbh bmbncp¶p. Ahbnse kmcmwi§fn \n¶pXs¶bmWv B[p\nINnInÂkm{KÙ§Ä cq]s¸«Xv. `mcX¯n D­mb "KÀt`m]\nj¯v' BWv "ssK\t¡mfPn' {KÙ§fmbn cq]s¸«sX¶v At\zjn¡p¶hÀ¡v Is­¯m³ {]bmkap­mhnÃ. imkv{X{KÙ§fpw Ncn{X{KÙ§fpw aebmf¯nem¡n amXrIImWn¨ tIcf `mjm C³Ìnäyq«v AhcpsS C¯c ¯nepff {]hÀ¯\w IqSpX iàns¸Sp¯Ww. aebmfw t{ijvT`mjbmbn AwKoIcn¨XpsIm­pam{Xw `mj \ne\n¡Wsa¶nÃ. AXn\pff ]²XnIÄcq]s¸SWw. BßmÀYXtbmsS Ah \S¸m¡m³ {iawthWw. ""ss]Xemw aebmf `mjX³ PmXIw Ipdn¨n«''Xp©¯v Fgp¯Ñs\ BZcn¨psIm­pthWw `mjm \thm°m\ ¯n\mbn Cd§n¯ncn¡m³. ]qÀhkqcnIfmb IhnIfpsS kvacWIÄ¡v ap¼n {]WmaaÀ]n¨psIm­v DuÀPw DÄs¡mffWw. Hmtcmhyàn¡pw {]Øm\¯n\pw `mjsbkvt\ln¡m³ Hcp AP­bp­mIWw. tIcf¯n kwkmcn¡pt¼mÄ aebmfwam{Xw D]tbmKn¡pI. A£cip²ntbmsSbpw kv^pSambpw `mjD¨cn¡pI. ""aäpff `mjIÄtIhew [m{XnamÀ aÀXy¶p s]ä½ X³ `mjXm³'' F¶ a{´w Ft¸mgpw HmÀ¡pI. ^mj\p th­n aebmfs¯ hnIeam¡nD¨cn¡p¶hsc hÀPn¡pI. aebmfw Hcp ioeam¡m³ IpSpw_mwK§sfbpw kplr¯p ¡sfbpw t{]mÂkmln¸n¡pI. H¸w tIcfkwkvImcw Im¯pkq£n¡m\pw ap³ssI FSp¡pI. Sn Pn lcnIpamÀ


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Unkw_À 2013 1189 hrÝnIwþ[\p

FUnäÀ & ]»njÀ : Sn- Pn -l-cn-Ip-amÀ ]{Xm[n]kanXn : tUm hn BÀ {]t_m[N{µ³\mbÀ (sNbÀam³), tUm Fw eoemhXn, kn cm[mIrjvW³, tUm tPmÀPv HmW¡qÀ, tUm Fw F³ ImctÈcn, s{]m^ Pn _meN{µ³, tUm sjmÀWqÀ ImÀ¯ntIb³, tUm ]n tkXp\mY³. BÀ«nÌv : tPm¬ ]p\em {]nânMv : Bcm[\ {]ntâgvkv, Xncph\´]pcw

`mj-bn-eqsS

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tUm hn BÀ {]t_m-[-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

Ncn-{Xmt\zjWw 05

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amÀ¡änMv & FUntämdnb Hm^okv: Infn-¸m«v amknI, Xp©³kvam-cIw, sFcmWnap«w, aW¡mSv ]n.H., Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw- 9. t^m¬: 0471 2456575, 2457473. Website: www.thunchan.org E-mail: kilippattu@gmail.com


`mjbneqsS tUm hn BÀ {]t_m-[-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

"t{ijvT `mj', "aebmf¯\na', "]gben]n', en]n]oU\w

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T]pkvXI§Ä ]gben ]nbnte¡v F¶ Xe s¡«n Hê hmÀ¯ (amXr`qan \hw_À 13, ]pdw 5) I­n«mWv Cu ædn¸v. A\ojv tP¡_v Xnêh\´]p c¯p \nì \ÂInb hmÀ¯bpsS BapJJÞnIIÄ C§s\: "t{ijvTaebmf¯nsâ X\na æ «nIsf ]cnNbs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\mbn kvIqÄ ]mT]pkvXIw ]gb en]n bnemçì. A©mw¢mkv apXepÅ ]mT]pkvXI§fmWv ]gb en]nbn segpXp¶Xv. 1973 apXemWv kvIqÄ ]mT]pkvXI§fn ]pXnb en]n kzoIcn¨Xv. ssS¸vssdädnsâ ku Icy¯në th­nbmWv aebmf ¯n A¶v en]n]cnjvIcWap ­mbXv. F¶m `mjbpsS kuµ cyhpw iànbpw ]gb en]nbnem sW¶ Xncn¨dnhnsâ ASnØm\ ¯nemWv Ahbnte¡v Xncn¨pt]m Im³ t{]cWbmbXv.'

jmhnZKv[À' Xncn¨psIm­phcm³ {iançtam Ft´m! ]eXe§fnep Å hnUvVn¯hpw sXän²mcWbpw ]ptcmKa\sshapJyhpw Cu \ne ]mSn hyàamæì: t{ijvTXbpw en]nbpw 1. `mjbpsS t{ijvTXbpw en]nbpw X½n Hê _Ôhpw CÃ. `mjm t{ijvTX C³Uybn sshImcnI hpw cm{ãobhpamb ASn¯dam{X apÅ Hê k¦Â¸w am{Xw, Nne sshhmlnI ]cky§fn ImWm dpÅ "AcntÌm{ImänIv ^manen' F¶ {]tbmKw t]mse! "¢mkn ¡Â' F¶ AwKoImcw F§s\ sb¦nepw t\SnsbSp¯m B `m jbpsS hnIk\¯n\v tImSn¡W ¡në [\klmbw tI{µKhs× ânÂ\nì In«psa¦n AXv KWy amb Hê t\«amhpsa¶Xn XÀ¡ samìw BÀçw D­mhm\nSbnà Fì am{Xw.

]¼chnUvVn¯w ]t£ t{ijvT`mjbmbm ASp ¯]Sn "]gben]nsb Xncn¨p ]nSn çI' F¶ hnUvVn¯amsW¶v A¸sa¦nepw Nn´miànbpÅ hcmêw k½Xn¡nÃ. "]gben]n' tbmsSm¸w ]­s¯ aWn{]hmfw, B«¡Y, XpŸm«v, N¼p, ktµ iImhyw, kn hn bpsSbpw aäpw B Jym\ssien apXembhsbbpw "hnZym`ymk hnN£Wcmb Cu `m

en]n aëjyë th­n 2. ssS]v ssdädnsâ kuIcy¯në th­n ]­p \S¶ en]n]cnjvI cWw I¼}«À h¶tXmsS \nê] tbmKambn F¶ a«nepÅ hmZw {] kàtabÃ. ]­s¯tbm C¶ s¯tbm \mfs¯tbm b{´§ Äç th­nbÃ, C¡me¯pw hêw Ime§fnepw Fgp¯pw hmb\bpw ]cnioenç¶ æªp§Äçw \h km£cÀçw th­nbmWv ]mT]p

kvXI§Ä Xbmdmt¡­Xv. en]n NnÓ§fpsS F®hpw k¦oÀW Xbpw F{X ædªncnçtam A{X bpw AhÀ¡v kuIcyamhpw. "]gb en]n' F¶mÂ? 3. "]gb en]n' F¶ {]tbmKta sXän²mcWmP\IamWv. Nne Nn  {]Nmc¯nenÃmXmhpI, Nne ]pXpNn ISì hcnI þ Ch GXp en]nhyhØbnepw Hmtcm Ime¯p kw`hn¡mdp­v. AXnsâ ASnØm\¯n "]g bXv', "]pXnbXv' Fìw aäpw en]n hyhØIsf hntijn¸nç¶Xn imkv{XZrãym Hê kq£vaXbpw CÃ. Hê Ime¯v Cuizc³ Fs¶ gpXnbnê¶Xv "wcwizc³' F¶m bnêì. B NnÓw D]tbmKn¨m AXv "]gb" en]n Bhptam? `mjbpsS iànbpw kuµcyhpw en]nbneÃ. 4."`mjbpsS kuµcyhpw iànbpw ]gb en]nbmsW¶ Xncn¨dnhv' BÀ¡v F§s\bmé­mbsX¶v hyàaÃ. CXp Xncn¨dnhÃ, sh Åw H«pw tNcm¯ shdpw hnhc t¡Sp am{Xw! `mjbpsS Agæw Iê¯pw IS emkntem aäp hà {]Xe¯ntem achn¨pInSç¶ hcIfntem æ¯p Ifntem ædnIfntem AÃ, `mj kw kmcnç¶ Bfnsâ DÑzmkhmbp hn sXfnbp¶ kz\ XcwK§Ä

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

3


`mjbneqsS aptJ\ cq]w sImÅp¶ hnhn[]m täéIfnemWv F¶XmWv imkv{X Zrãym \nÊtµlw hyàambn«pÅ hkvXpX. `mjbpsS X\naív en]ntbmSp _ÔanÃ. 5. Hê `mjbpsSbpw X\na AsXgp Xn¡mWn¡m³ D]tbmKnç¶ en ]ncq]§tfmSv t\cn«v Hê _Ôhpw ]peÀ¯p¶nÃ. Htc en]n ]e`mj IÄ FgpXm³ D]tbmKn¡mdp­ tÃm. (DZm:þ tZh\mKco en]nbn FgpXp¶ ]e D¯tc³Uy³ `mj IÄ; GdnbIqdpw Htc en]nbn FgpXnhê¶ I¶Ubpw sXepKp hpw; tdma³ en]nbn FgpXmdpÅ \nch[n temI`mjIÄ.) X\na F¶ k¦Â¸¯n\v hkv Xp\njvTambn _ÔapÅXv `mj bnse ]Z§fpsS hÀWLS\, kÔn, kamkw, hmIyLS\, ]Z tImiw, Bib{]]©w, Bibm

hnjvImccoXn, D¨mcWw apXemb htbmSt{X. Xangnsâtbm kwkvIr X¯nsâtbm lnµnbpsStbm Cw ¥ojnsâtbm hgnbà aebmf¯n tâXv F¶p hê¶Xv C¡mcW ¯memWv. aebmfw A\\zbambsX§s\? 6. FÃmänepw tase HmÀant¡­p¶ Hê hkvXpXIqSn: C³Uy³ `mjI fntem temI`mjIfn¯s¶tbm aebmf¯nëÅ A\\zbØm\w AXn\v CubnsS In«nb t{ijvTX sImt­m AXnsâ ]g¡w sIm t­m D­mbXÃ; adn¨v km£cX, ipNnXzt_m [w, BtcmKy]met\m·pJX, _ lnÀapJX, ]ptcmKa\hmRvO, cm {ãob{]_p²X, ImtemNnXamb amä§fpÄs¡mÅm³ aSnbnÃmbvI F¶nhbn aebmfn s]mXpth ap³\ncbn \nÂçì F¶Xn\m emWv.

A¯csamê P\XbpsS Nn´ bpsSbpw hnImc§fpsSbpw kwkv Imc¯nsâbpw hml\amb ae bmfw Hcn¡Â ]¯Sn apt¶m«p t]mæIbpw XpSÀì ]Xns\«Sn ]nt¶m«SnçIbpw sN¿m\nSbm ç¶ ]cnjvImcm`mk§sfmìw æ«nIÄçÅ ]mT]pkvXI§fn ]mSnÃ. DImcNnÓw hnhn[ hyRvP\ NnÓ§tfmSp tNê¶Xv ]s­gp Xn¡mWn¨nê¶Xv ]eXc¯nem bnêì F¶ Adnhv aebmfen]n bpsS hnImk ]cnWma§Ä Kth jW hnjbamçItbm aebmfw _nêZm\´c _nêZXe¯nse¦n epw ]Tnç¶hÀt¡m am{Xta th­q. \½psS sIm¨pæªp§ sf C¯cw \qemameIfn æê¡n shdptX ]oUn¸nt¡­ ImcyanÃ, F¶Ã, A¯c¯nepÅ Hê _me ]oU\w am¸Àln¡m¯ sImSpw ]mXIw Xs¶bmhpw.

IhnX Ipª¨³ a¯mbn ]p¶-¯e {]W-b-¯nsâ au\-amWv Cu sIm¨p-Kr-lw. AÑ-s\bpwA½-sbbpw AhKWn¨ GI-k-´-Xn. CjvS-s¸-«-hsâIqsSPohn-¡m³ Unkw-_-dnse aªp-sIm-gn-bp¶ cm{Xn-bn Hfn-t¨m-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Iptd-¡mew kpJhpwkt´m-jhpw ]¦p-sh-¨-tijw P·-\m-«nÂIpSn-tb-dn. A¶v A½n-ªn-¸mÂ\pI-cp¶ tNmc-¡pªpw Ah-fpsSssIbn-en-cp¶p ]p©ncnXqIn. Ab-es¯ap¯Èn IW-h-s\t´yF¶ptNmZn-¨-t¸mÄ I®oÀ \Zn-bmbn AhÄ]d-bp-¶p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. ]pXnb ]pXnbIpf-§-fn-emWv Ct¸m-f-hsâ\ocm-«v...!

4

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

]pXnb ]pXnb Ipf-§-fnÂ


Ncn-{Xmt\zjWw kz´w teJ-I³

Xt¨mfnHtX\\pw D®nbmÀ¨bpw

H

(Infn¸m«nsâ Ncn{Xmt\zjWw XpSÀ¨) tX\sâImew

]pXp¸Ww hmgpt¶mcmb tImS ¡mSv tImhneIs¯ No\³ ho«n X§fpsS a¡fmbncp¶p Xt¨mfn amWnt¡m¯v tIma¸\pw A\pP³ DZb\\pw s]§Ä D®n¨mdbpw. Xo¿ kapZmb¯nÂs¸« A¡½ F¶ D¸m«nbmWv ChcpsS amXmhv. ""cmPIob {]uVnbpff AXn ZoÀLmIrXnbnepff apJw, Irjv WaWn AÂ]w taÂt¸m«pbÀ¶p \n¡p¶ BIÀjIamb I®p IÄ, Npaen Dckn¡nS¡p¶ \o fwIqSnbsNhnIÄ, CSXqÀ¶v hfÀ ¶Xn\m aqÀ[mhn sI«nh¨ Xe apSn, XSn¨XÃm¯ icocw, Dd¨ amw kt]inIÄ, hncnªp hnkvXrXam bamdnSw, \ofwIqSnb ssIImep IÄ'' HtX\sâ Cu cq]w hÀWn¡p ¶Xv ]n³apd¡mcnsemcmfmb Im dm«v ZmtamZc³ F¶ IaemkÀ ¡kv DSabpsS ktlmZcnbmb btimZbmWv. Fct¯mfnbnse ho «n HtX\sâ HcpNn{Xw kq£n¨n cp¶p. Cu hoSvasämcp _Ôphn\v

ssIamdnbt¸mÄNn{Xw X«n³ ]pd s¯Sp¯n«p. "Xt¨mfn HtX\³þ kn\na' \nÀan¡p¶ Ime¯v Nn{X s¯¡pdn¨pff At\zjWw Chn sSbpsa¯n. X«n³]pd¯p\n¶v Nn {XsaSp¯t¸mÄ apJw NnXÂXn ¶nêì! temI\mÀ¡mhp Ncn{X¯nepw aXneqÀKpcp¡sf h[n¨psb¶v hS ¡³ ]m«nÂImWp¶ ]cmaÀi§ fnepw HtX\sâImew ]Xn\mdmw \qäm­msW¶p kqN\bp­v. Cu hmZwF{Xt¯mfw A_²PSneam sW¶p tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨m hyàamIpw. ae_mÀ am\zenÂhneyw tem K³ tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pff Hcp hnhm lNcn{Xw kq£vaambn ]cntim[n ¨m Xt¨mfn HtX\sâ Imes¯ ¸än hyàXe`n¡pw. IS¯\m«n se Hcp cmPIpamcnbpsS hnhmlw tIme¯ncncmPys¯ Hcp bphcm Pmhpambn 1749 sk]vXw_dn \S ¶psh¶pw Ccpssh \m«n Hcp tImhneIap­m¡n AhÀ AhnsS Xmakn¨psh¶pw temK³ tcJs¸

hneyw temK³

Sp¯nbn«p­v. Cu hnhmlt¯mS \p_Ôn¨p­mb hnet]ien IS¯\mSns\ Hcp ]mTw ]Tn¸n¡p hm³ CuÌv C³Uym I¼\n¡v km[n¨psh¶pw A§s\ tIme ¯ncn\mSnsâ taÂt¡mbva IS¯ \mSns\s¡m­v AwKoIcn¸ns¨ ¶pw tcJs¸Sp¯n¡mWp¶p. am{X hpaÃ, IS¯\m«phmgpt¶mÀ 1750  cmPm F¶ Øm\w tIme¯ncn bpsS A\phmZt¯mSpIqSn kzoI cn¨psh¶pw CubnsS ASp¯mbn Hcp cmPIpamcnbpsS hnhmlw tIm e¯ncnbnse Hcp bphcmPmhpambn \Ss¶¶pw Xt¨mfnHtX\³ IS¯ \mSnsâHcp hoc]p{X\mbncp¶p sh¶pw tcJs¸Sp¯ep­v. IS¯\m«n \S¶ hnhml§ sfsbm¶pw ]cmaÀin¡m¯ tem K³ Cusbmcphnhmls¯¸än am {XwFSp¯p {]kvXmhn¨Xv F´p sIm­mWv? At¸mÄ {it²bamb Hcphnhmlw Xs¶bmbncp¶p A sX¶v Duln¡mw. Xt¨mfn HtX\³ hb\mS³ tIm« B{Ian¨v Iogvs¸ Sp¯n XS¦en \n¶p tamNn¸n¨p sIm­p h¶ cmPIpamcnbpsS hnhmls¯¸änbmWv temK³ ]cm aÀin¨sX¶vXoÀ¨. HtX\³ tk \m\mbI\mb Ime¯p Xs¶bm Wv hmgpt¶mÀ "cmPm' F¶ Øm\w kzoIcn¨sX¶pw IW¡m¡mw. temKsâbpw "IS¯\mS³ s\m¼ c§'fnsebpw km£y]{X§Ä F Un 1683  CuÌv C³Uym I¼ \n Hcp ]m­nIime XetÈcnbn Bcw`n¨p. A¶papX 1792 hsc bpff ImeL«¯nse kw`hhnIm k§Ä¡mWv F®qtdmfw t]Pp hcp¶ ae_mÀ am\zen temK³ {]m[m\yw \ÂInbn«pffXv. CXn ap¸tXmfw t]PpIÄ Xt¨mfn HtX \sâNcn{Xw ]dbm\mbn amänh¨n cn¡p¶p. 1683 \pap¼pff \qdphÀj s¯ Ncn{Xwshdpw\mep t]Pn emWv HXp¡nbncn¡p¶Xv. am{Xhp aÃ, bptdm]y³ IYIfnse hoc ]p cpj\mb tdm_n³lpÍnt\mSmWv Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

5


Ncn-{Xmt\zjWw temK³ HtX\s\ XmcXayw sN¿p ¶Xv. ]Wapffhsâkz¯v ]nSns¨ Sp¯v ]mh§Ä¡v sImSp¡p¶ tdm _n³lpÍnsâ kz`mhsam¶pw HtX\³ {]ISn¸n¨n«nsænepw ]m hs¸«h\pth­n A[nImcnhÀK ¯ns\t¸mepw ]nW¡m³ At±lw k¶²\mbncp¶p. IS¯\m«pcmPmhnsâ `S³am cnÂ\n¶p c£s¸Sm³ HcpssI bn ]dns¨Sp¯ ¹mhpw adp ssI bn hensbmcp temlZWvUpambn hnimeambInWÀ NmSn¡S¶ HtX \s\¸än temK³ hniZoIcn¡p ¶p­v. Cu kw`hw HtX\sâ Ccp ]XphbÊphcp¶ Ime¯v \S¶ Xmbncn¡mw. HtX\³ 16þmw \qäm ­nembncp¶p Pohn¨ncp¶sX¦n temK³ At±l¯n\p th­nGXm \pw hmNI§tf FgpXpambncp¶p Åq. ""1683 apX 1792 hscbpÅIm es¯ `cW]cambImcy§Ä¡v {]m[m\ywsImSp¡p¶ B[nImcnI XbpÅ {KÙ¯n ae_mdnsâ DbÀ¶ DtZymKØ\mbncp¶ tem K³ Xt¨mfnHtX\\v {]m[m\yw sImSp¯Xv, At±lw 18þmw \qäm ­n¯s¶bmWv Pohn¨Xv F¶ XpsIm­m''sW¶v IS¯\mS³ s\m¼c§Ä F¶ {KÙw km£y s¸Sp¯p¶p. Xt¨mfnamWnt¡ms¯ t£{X ¯n Ahkm\s¯ Øm\nI\m bncp¶p {]Xm]nbmb tIfp. BZyw Xt¨mfn HtX\\pw ]ns¶ tPyjvT ³ tIma¸\pw ]n¶oSv tIfphn\pw Cu Øm\w In«n. tIfp acWs¸«n«v

hmÀ¯

\qän\mÂ]Xp hÀjamsb¶Xv XÀ ¡anÃm¯ hkvXpXbmWv. AXn \vA¼XphÀjw apt¼ tIma\pw AXn\pw Adp]XpsImÃw apt¼ Xt¨mfn HtX\\pw acWs¸«psh ¶v IW¡pIq«pt¼mÄ HtX\sâ acWw Ccp\qän A¼Xp hÀjw ap ¼msW¶p hcp¶p. 1870 Ime¯v tIfphpw 1820 Ime¯v tIma\pw 1760 \Sp¯v HtX\\pw acn¨ncn¡mw. HtX\³ 32þmw hbÊn acn¨Xp sIm­mWv tPyjvT\pambn XmcX ays¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ Adp]XphÀjw IqSnbXv. F Un 1784  Ipdp§m«nSw ssI aÄ Igphntedn. Sn¸pkp¯m \mWv Cu in£ hn[n¨Xv. ssIa fpsSacpa¡Ä X½n HcphÀj ¯n\ptijap­mb InSaÂkcw XoÀ¡m\mWv Btcma tNhIÀ A¦w \S¯nbXv. A¦wPbn¨ B tcma apdnthäXn\m sImà s¸«p. 1788  22þmw hbÊnembn cp¶p A´yw. 1767 emWv Btcma P\n¨Xv. HtX\sâ t\Às]§fpsS F«mas¯ aI\mbncp¶p Btcm aÂ. At¸mÄ A½mh\mb HtX\ \pambn \mÂ]XphbÊnsâ {]mb hyXymkwD­mImw. C§s\ hcp t¼mÄ HtX\³ P\n¨Xv 1726  B bncp¶psh¶v IW¡m¡p¶Xn bpànbp­v. Btcma tNhIcpsS s]§Ä D®nbmÀ¨bv ¡ v Xt¨mfn_Ôw h¶sX§s\sb¶v Cu Is­¯ en \n¶vhyàamWv. D®nbmÀ¨ Xt¨mfn HtX\sâ Bcpasöpw `n¶ kapZmb¯nÂs¸«hcmsW

¶pw HtX\sâ ImeL«¯n\pw \q äm­pIÄ¡pap¼mWv BÀ¨ Pohn ¨ncp¶sX¶pw DÅ ]mgvhmZ§Ä Cu Ncn{XkXy§sf aqSnhbv¡m³ th­nBtcm {]Ncn¸n¨ hn¬hm ¡pIfmWv. Ncn{X KthjIÀ tIm gnt¡m«p \n¶v Hcp Ddpan Is­Sp ¯Xmbn hmbn¨ hmÀ¯sb¸än Pn±bnse apÊm^nÀ Al½Zv shfn s¸Sp¯p¶ kw`hw {it²bamWv. tImgnt¡mSv a®n\Snbn \n¶p I s­Sp¯ kzÀW¸nSnbpÅ Ddpan bn "Xt¨mfnD®nbmÀ¨ hI' F ¶vBteJ\w sNbvXncn¡p¶Xm bpw At±lw ]dbp¶p. (XpScpw...)

s{]m^. hn Ipªp-i-¦-c-¸n-f-f-bpsS H¶mw Nc-a-hmÀjnIw {]i-kvX-\mb A[-ym-]-I\pw kmln-X-y-Im-c\pw kmaq-l-y-cm-jv{Sob cwK-§fnse AXn-Im-b\pw hmÜn-bp-am-bn-cp-¶ s{]m^ hn Ipªp-i-¦-c-¸n-f-f-bpsS H¶mw Nc-a-hmÀjnIw 2013 \hw-_À 14 \v Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw {]Êv ¢_v FtÌäv lmfn BN-cn-¨p. At±lw cNn¨ Ip«n-IÄ¡p-ff `K-h-ZvKoX F¶ {KÙ-¯nsâ {]Im-i\w tUm Pn _me-tam-l³ X¼n \nÀh-ln-¨p. QmÀJWvUv ap³ No^vsk-{I-«dn Pn IrjvW³ ]pkvXIw Gäp-hm-§n. "www.kunjusankarapillai.org' F¶ sh_vskänsâ DÂLm-S-\hpw "Ipªpi-¦-c-¸n-ff {]`m-j-Whpw' tUm ]n tkXp-\m-Y³ \S-¯n. tUm. hnf-¡pSn cmtP-{µ³ A\p-kva-c-W-{]-`m-jWw \nÀh-ln-¨p. Ipªp-i-¦-c-¸n-f-f-bpsS sNdp-a-I\pw {]ikvX ]{X-{]-hÀ¯-I-\p-amb sI kt´mjv ]pkvX-I-]cn-Nbw \S-¯n. Ipªp-i-¦-c-¸n-ff bph-{]-Xn-`m-]p-c-kvImcw ImTva-WvUp-hn \n¶p-ff ImgvN sshI-e-y-ap-ff \À¯In sI kn krjvSn¡v Ipªp-i-¦-c-¸n-f-f-bpsS kl-[À½nWn {ioIp-am-cn-tZhn \ÂIn BZ-cn-¨p. s{]m^ Ip¼-f¯p im´-Ipamcn A½ kzm-K-Xhpw s{]m^ sP ]ß-Ip-amcn \µnbpw ]d-ªp. tbmKm-\´cw sI kt´mjv Ah-X-cn-¸n¨ Kk ]cn-]m-Snbpw D­m-bn-cp-¶p.

6

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013


hnaÀi-\-lmkyw sN½-\w-Nmt¡m

Btábmkv{Xw

s^_vdphcnþ14 `KXvknwtKm, hsessât\m? C ³UybpsS kzmX{´yk¼m Z\¯n\v kz´w Poh³ _ en\ÂInb [octX, \nsâ t]ctÃm `KXvknMvv. \nsâ kvacWbv¡p ap ¶n Rm³ BZcmRvPenIfÀ]n ¡p¶p. \mSnsâ Bßm`nam\¡pcp¶n s\, `KXvkn§ns\, s^_vdphcn ]Xn\men\mWtÃm {_n«ojv km{am Py¯nsâ ZujvSyw Xq¡nteänbXv. C¶p s^_vdphcn ]Xn\mev. C³UybpsS tZim`nam\s¸cpa AXyp¨¯nse¯nb XymtKmÖze Zn\w. C¶se Hmtcm `mcXobsâ lrZb¯nepw A`nam\kv a cW hncntb­ almZn\w. \ap¡v H¸w \n¶v C¶mfn [octZim`nam\n bmb `KXvkn§ns\ ]mSn¸pIgv ¯mw. 2 Bept]mse hfÀ¶mepw ]ns¶ bpw lrZbPmeIw Imin\pth­n X«n¯pd¡p¶ {]Øm\amWtÃm ]{Xam[ya§Ä. kXyaÃ, kÀ¡p tej\mWv AhcpsS {]nbs¸« ssZhw. hnIkzc cmPyamb C³Uybn se bphlrZb§sf \mSnsâ Pm Özeam\amb `mhn¡pth­n ta s¼mSn¡pt]mepw Xbmdm¡msX Hcp almam[yaw sNbvXsXs´ t¶m? tImsfPp Iym¼ÊpIfn B[n]Xyw t\Sphm³ e£yan«v ChnsSsb§pw Hcp {]m[m\yhpan ÃmXncp¶ hmessâ³Zn\w s^_v dphcn þ 14 \v sI«nsbgp¶Ån¨p sIm­ph¶p. XpSÀ¶v Imahpw t{] ahpw Iq«n¡pg¨p­m¡nb t{]ate J\§Ä IkvXqcnanTmbn t]mse ]ntÅÀ¡p hnXcWw sNbvXp. Ah cnse Imahmk\Isf hnfn¨pWÀ ¯n ]{Xam[yaw tImsfPv Iym¼ ÊpIÄ ]nSn¨S¡n. `KXvkn§ns\ s^_vdphcn þ14\p NmIpthmfam Wv Xq¡nen«sX¶p ]{Xap¯Èn ¡dnbmw. ap¯ÈnbpsS Xncphmbv¡v

FXnÀhm ]dbm³ C¶m«n BWp §fnsöpw. 3 iywKmctaml\t¯\n\v Iym¼kv IpamcnIfpw Ipamc³amcpw \nb{´ WtcJ Nhn«nbc¨p s\t«m«ambn. kXys¯ tXm«nsednªp kÀ¡p tej³ ssZhw Acbmens\¡mfpw t]cmfns\¡mfpw hfÀ¶p himbn. DÅ adIÄ IqSn Iodnsbdnªp buh\w {iotImhnepIfnepw tIdn XpÅm³ XpS§n. kzX{´ `mcX

¯nsâ InSm§Ä sshtZinIkwkv Imc¯nsâ ASna¡nSm§fmbn. hmessâ³ Zn\w C¶m«nse¯n¨ t]cm ssI¨nÃpIÄ sIm«n A« lkn¡pt¼mÄ, `KXvkn§nsâ Po hnXkXyhpw, s^_vdphcn þ14 sâ tZim`nam\ss]XrIhpw AXnlo \amw hn[w A[n£n]vXambn. \miw hnXbv¡p ]{Xkw`mh\ bv¡v Hmim\]mSm³ aSn¡p¶ \mb IXzta, \o ASps¯§m\papt­m?

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

7


teJ\w A\n KwKmiymw

\nebv¡m¯ hnthIm\µ KÀP\w (kzman hnthIm\µsâ \qä³]Xmw P· hmÀjnIw BtLmjn¡p¶ Cu thfbn At±l¯nsâ alXz]qÀWamb PohnX ZÀi\¯nte¡v Hcp Xncnªp t\m«w.)

Ip

cpt£{X `qanbn `K hm³ {ioIrjvW³ AÀ Pp\\v hnizcq]w Im«n s¡mSp¯Xpt]mse Bbnc¯n F ®qän sXm®qänaq¶v, sk]väw_À amkw ]Xns\m¶mw XobXn jn¡m tKmbnse sImfw_kvlmfn tem IaXkt½f\¯n ]s¦Sp¯ kw kvImck¼¶cmb P\XbpsS ap ¶n kzmanhnthIm\µ³ `mcXob k\mX\[Àa¯nsâ {]tbmKnIh i§fpsS ZÀi\amWv \ÂInbXv. Hmtcm aX{]`mjIëw kz´w a Xs¯ am{Xw alXzh¡cn¨p kw kmcn¨t¸mÄ FÃmaX§fpw kXy amWv. F¶ al\ob ZÀi\amWv kzmanhnthIm\µ³ AhnsS D tLmjn¨Xv. \·bpsS B knwl KÀP\w tI«v XIÀ¶SnªXv aXw a\pjys\ ab¡p¶ Idp¸msW¶p ]dª ImdÂamÀIvknsâ hmZK XnIÄ am{Xaà lnµpaX ZÀi\ §Ä th­hn[w a\Ênem¡m¯ k¦pNnX cmjv{Sob PmXnt¡mac §fpsS hmZKXnIÄIqSnbmbncp ¶p. ]Icw aXw a\pjys\ Cuizc \m¡n amäm\pÅ AarXmsW¶ kXyw temIam\hlrZb§fn Hcp \hssNX\ywXs¶ krjvSn¨p. ]pcmX\ Ejoizc³amcpsS D] \njXv XXz§fpw {ioaZv `KhZvKo XbpsS kmchpw DÄs¡m­psIm ­v At±lw \S¯nb {]uVKw`o camb {]kwKw `mcXobcpsS am{X aà temIP\XbpsS akvXnjv¡§ fnÂt¸mepw IrjvWmÀPp\ kwhmZ cq]¯n Hcp [ÀakwØm]\¯n \pÅ XpS¡w Ipdn¨p. CXnsâ ]cn WX^eambn Cw¥­nse kvIqÄ slUvankv{Skv amÀKcäv C t\m_n fpw (]n¡me¯v knÌÀ \nthZnX F¶ t]cn {]ikvX; kzmanhnth Im\µt\msSm¸w `mcX¯nse¯n) IqSmsX sP sP KpUvhn³, sdmsa bv³ sdmfmMv XpS§n \nch[n{]ap Jcmb hntZinIfpw At±l¯nsâ injyXzw kzoIcn¨p. Atacn¡bn

8

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

se jn¡mtKmbn At±lw \S ¯nb kÀhaXka`mh\bpsS [mÀ anIamb CSn\mZw C¶pw P\lrZb §sf {]I¼\w sImÅn¡p¶p: [mÀanIamb CSn\mZw ""Atacn¡bnse ktlmZcn ktlm Zc³amtc, \n§Ä R§Ä¡p \ Inb Bthi]qÀhhpw lrZbwKa hpamb kzmKX¯n\v adp]Sn ]d bm³ Fgpt¶Â¡sh Fsâ lrZ bw AhmNyamb B\µw sIm­p \ndbp¶p. KuXa³ IqSn AwKambn cp¶ temI¯nte¡v Gähpw ]pcm X\amb k\ymkn ]c¼cbpsS t] cn Rm³ \n§Ä¡p \µn ]dbp ¶p. _p²aXhpw ssP\aXhpw im JIfmbpÅ aX§fpsS amXmhnsâ t]cn Rm³ \n§Ä¡v \µn ]d bp¶p. kÀh hÀKhn`mK§fnepw s]« tImSm\ptImSn lnµpP\X bpsS t]cnepw Rm³ \n§Ä¡v \µn ]dbp¶p. klnjvWpXsb¶ Bibw hnhn[tZi§fnte¡p hln¡p¶Xn\pÅ _lpaXn hnZq ccmjv{S§fn \n¶p h¶ Cu B fpIÄ¡v XnI¨pw AhImis¸Sm sa¶v ]uckvXy{]Xn\n[nIsf ]cm aÀin¨v Cu thZnbnencn¡p¶ Nne {]`mjI³amÀ \n§tfmSv ]dbpI bp­mbn Cu k¦Â]w apt¶m«p h¨Xn\v AhÀ¡pw Rm³ \µn ]dbp¶p.'' klnjv W pXbpw kmÀheu InI kzoImcyXbpw c­pw, temI ¯n\p]tZin¨ aX¯nsâ A\p bmbn F¶Xn Rm³ A`nam\n ¡p¶p. R§Ä kmÀheuInI klnjv W pXbn hnizkn¡pI am{Xaà kÀhaX§fpw kXysa¶v AwKoIcn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. Rm \pÄs¸« aX¯nsâ Xncpsamgnbm bkwkvIrX¯nte¡v Exclusion F¶ hm¡v hnhÀ¯\w sN¿m³ \nhr¯nbnsöv \n§sf Adnbn ¡p¶Xn F\n¡v A`nam\ap­v. temI¯nepÅ kÀhaX§fn

kzmanhnthIm\µ³

sebpw kÀÆcmPy§fnsebpw ]o UnXÀ¡pw icWmÀYnIÄ¡pw A` bacpfnbXmWv Fsâ P\X F¶ Xn Rm³ A`nam\n¡p¶p. tdma³ aÀZ\w aqew blqZcpsS ]pWyt£ {Xw XIÀ¯p Xcn¸Wam¡s¸« B sImÃwXs¶ Z£nW`mcX¯n h¶v A`bw {]m]n¨ B C{km tb hÀK¯nsâ AXn]hn{Xmh injvSw R§fpsS A¦Xe¯n kw`rXambps­¶v \n§tfmSv ]d bm³ F\n¡v A`nam\ap­v alna bpä skmcm{ãP\Xbv¡v A`bw \ÂInbXpw AhcpsS AhinjvS s¯ C¶pw t]mänt¸mcp¶Xpamb aX¯nepÄs¸«hs\¶Xn Rm³ A`nam\n¡p¶p. AÃtbm tkmZc tc, Hmtcm lnµpIp«nbpw Znhkhpw DcphnSp¶Xpw Hcp kvtXm{X¯nse Nne hcnIÄ Rm³ ssiihw sXm«v P]n¨n«pÅXmbn HmÀ¡p¶p ; C³ Uybnse tImSm\ptImSn P\§Ä \nXyhpw P]n¡p¶ {]kvXpXkv tXm{X¯nsâ A´Ê¯ CXmWv : C³UybpsS kvtXm{Xw ""]ebnS§fnembn DdhsbSp¯ ]e ]pgIfnsesbÃmw shÅw IS


teJ\w en IqSn¡ecp¶p; AXpt]mse AÃtbm ]ctaizcm, cq]sshNn {Xyw sIm­v a\pjyÀ ssIs¡m Åp¶ hgnIÄ hftªm t\tctbm ]ea«mbn ImWs¸«mepw FÃmw A §bnte¡t{X F¯p¶Xv.'' CXx]cy´w \S¶n«pÅ Kw`oc k`Ifnsem¶mb C¶s¯ kt½f \w, kzbw, KotXm]ZnjvSamb Hc `pX XXz¯nsâ \oXna¡cW hpw hniz{]Jym]\hpamWv : BÀ çw GXpcq]¯nepw Fs¶ kao ]n¡mw; FÃmhcpw ]Wns¸Sp¶Xv HSphn F¶ntes¡¯p¶ hgnI fneqsSbt{X. hn`mKobXbpw aqV amb ISpw]nSp¯hpw AXnsâ `oI ck´Xnbmb aX_v{`m´pwIqSn Cu kpµc`qansb ZoÀLImeambn ssIbS¡nbncn¡bmWv. Ah am\p jycà¯n ]ehpcp IpXnÀ¶ncn ¡p¶p, kwkvImcs¯ kwlcn¨n cn¡p¶p, P\XIsf apgpht\msS ss\cmiy¯nte¡v XÅnhnSpIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p. Cu sImSpw ]nim Np¡fnÃmbncps¶¦n a\pjyk apZmbw CXnepw hfsctbsd ]ptcm Kan¡pambncp¶p. F¶m Ah cpsS A´yImeambn¡gnªp. Cu kt½f\¯nsâ _lpam\mÀYw C¶pw ]peÀ¡me¯v apg§nb aWn FÃm aX{`m´nsâbpw, hmfp sImt­m t]\sImt­m DÅ FÃm ]oU\§fpsSbpw, Htce£y¯n te¡p {]bmWw sN¿p¶ a\pjy cpsS CSbnse FÃm ZuÀa\ky§ fpsSbpw acWaWnbmbncn¡s« F¶p Rm³ AIagnªv Bin ¡p¶p.

knÌÀ \nthZnX

(IS¸mSv : 'kzmanhnthIm\µ C³ Z shÌv þ \yq UnkvIhdokv' tacneqbn_À¡v, hmeyw1 : lnkv s{]m^änIv anj³, ]pdw:82- þ 83) \tc{µ\mYnÂ\nì hnthIm\µ \nte¡v hnthIm\µs\¶ \tc{µ\mYv Z¯ Bbnc¯n F®qän Adp] ¯naq¶v (1863) P\phcn ]{´­mw XobXn aIckw{Im´nZnhkw sIm ¡¯bn P\n¨p. \nba]WvUn X\pw h¡oepambncp¶ hniz\mYv Z¯pw CXnlmk]pcmWZnIfn ]WvUnXbmbncp¶ `pht\izcnbp amWv \tc{µsâ AÑ\½amÀ. {]]©s¯bpw Cuizcs\bpw Ipdn¨pÅ At\Iw tNmZy§Ä \nd ªXmbncp¶p. \tc{µsâ Ip«n¡m ew Bbnc¯n F®qän Fgp]¯n H³]Xn (1879) sIm¡¯bnse {]knU³kn tImsfPn tNÀ¶p ]Tn¡pIbpw, Ip«n¡mew apX a\Ên IpanªpIqSnbncp¶ ]e tNmZy§Ä¡pw Bbnc¯n F®qän F¬]¯n H¶n {iocmaIrjvW ]calwkcpambpÅ IqSn¡mgvNbn eqsS D¯cw Is­¯pIbpw sNbv Xp. B IqSn¡mgvNbneqsS \tc{µ \mYnsâ DÅn Hcp bphtIkcn P·w sIm­p. kIeamen\y§ sfbpw `kvaoIcn¡m³ Ignbp¶ AánbmWv AbmÄ F¶mWv {io cmaIrjvW]calwkÀ \tc{µs\ ¡pdn¨v A`n{]mbs¸«Xv. {ItaW Kpcphn kzbw kaÀ]n¨v Hcp ]p Xnb Aizta[bmK¯n\p XpS¡w Ipdn¡pIbmbncp¶p kzmanhnth Imµ³. D¯njvTX! Pm{KX! aXmXoX BßobXbpsS s]mÅ ¯c§sf kzmanIÄ ]e {]`mjW thZnIfnepw Xpd¶pIm«n. Hcn¡Â kzmanIÄ C§s\ ]dbpIbp­m bn: "" Ejoizc³amcpsS D]\nj¯p ¡fn kw`rXamb B[ymßnIm ib§Ä ]pd¯psIm­phcnI bmWv C¶p \ap¡p th­Xv. B cXv\§Ä Ct¸mÄ Npcp¡w Nne cpsS DSaØXbnÂs¸«p InS¡pI bmWv; k\ymknaT§fnepw h\§ fnepw Hfn¸n¨ph¨ncn¡pIbmtWm F¶p tXm¶pw. Ahsbms¡ ]pd ¯p sIm­p hcnI. Ahsb s]mXp P\§fpsSbnSbn {]Ncn¸n¡m \mWv Rm\m{Kln¡p¶Xv. Cu Bib§sfÃmw `mcXob\mb Hm tcm a\pjysâbpw s]mXpkz¯mI ¯¡h®w shfns¸Sp¯m\mWv Rm\m{Kln¡p¶Xv. AXpam{Xam

{iocmaIrjvW ]calwk

Wv `mcX¯nsâ D¶a\¯n\pÅ GIamÀKw.'' D¯njvTX! Pm{KX! {]m]yhcm³ \nt_m[X! £pcky[mcm \ninXm ZpcXybm ZÀKw ]YkvXXv Ihtbm hZ´n. Úm\¯n\mbn DÂkml]q Àhw Fgp¶Â¡phn³! AÚm\ \n{Zhn«pWcphn³! {_Ò\njvT³ amcmb D¯aKpcp¡³amsc {]m]n ¨v kzbw ]camß kzcq]amsW¶ dnbphn³! ]camß{]m]v X n¡pX Ip¶ Úm\amÀKw I¯nbpsS aqÀ¨bpÅ hmbv¯et]msebmWv, \Ss¶¯m³ {]bmkapÅXmWv, t¢i`qbnjvTamsW¶pw hnthIn IÄ ]dbp¶p. ItTm]\nj¯nse aq¶mw hÃn bnse ]Xn\memas¯ tÇmIamWv apIfn hnhcn¨Xv. Cu tÇmIhpw alm`mcXw h\]Àh¯nse [Àa hym[sâ IYbpw At±l¯nsâ {]`mjW]c¼cIfnse {][m\hn jb§fmbncp¶p. aX§fpsS am Xmhmb lnµpaX ZÀi\§sf tem IP\XbpsS ap¶n al\obambn hc¨pIm«nb thZm´ZÀinIfn hnthIm\µs\t¸mse thsdbnÃ. arKobXbn \n¶v a\pjyXz¯n te¡pw a\pjyXz¯n \n¶v ssZ hnIXbnte¡papÅ DbÀ¨bmWv aX¯nsâ BZÀisa¶v DÂtLm jn¨ kzmanhnthIm\µ³ 1902 Pqembv 4þmw XobXn icocw hn«p t]msb¦nepw `mcX¯nsâ A£ bamb B DuÀPtXPÊnsâ hm ¡pIÄ C¶pw \nebv¡m¯ knw lKÀP\ambn \½psS lrZb§ fn amsämens¡mÅp¶p

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

9


teJ\w tUm IhSnbmÀ cmaN{µ³

]

Xn\mdp hbÊmb s]¬Ip «nsb c­nc«n {]mbapÅ Hcp ]pcpj³ XmensI«nb hmÀ¯ BImihmWnbn tI«v sR«nbn«v A[nIZnhkambn«nÃ. s]s«t¶mÀ an¨Xv \½psS kqcn\¼qcnsbbm Wv. CµpteJbnse kqcn\¼qcn¸m S³amÀ \½psS \m«n Ct¸mgpw Npän¡d§n \S¡p¶ps­¶ hkv XpXmhnNmcamWv ASp¯Xmbn a\ ÊnepWÀ¶ph¶Xv. Ct¸msg¶Ã, Ft¸mgpw C¯cw PohnIfpsS thc äpt]mIp¶nsöpÅXmWv kXyw. hbdp\nd¨mlmchpw hmbv \nd¨p apdp¡m\pambn t`mKemek amb PohnXhpw t]dn shSnh«§fp aSn¨v IkhpNncnbpambn ]©pta\ h³amcpsS hoSpIfnse¯n Cµp teJsb In«nbnsæn IeymWn ¡p«nbmbmepw aXnsb¶ a«n \m Ww sI«p\S¡p¶hÀ C¶pap­n hnsS; F¶Ã, F¶pap­mIpw. ^yq Uenk¯nsâ I®nIÄ AekXm hneknXw tZla\§msX Pohn¨p sImt­bncn¡psa¶Xnsâ Zriycq ]amWtÃm Fen¸¯mbw F¶ kn \nabpw AXnse \mbIIYm]m{X amb D®n¡pªpw! AXncn¡s«. \ap¡v kqcn\¼qcnsb ImWmw.

N´ptat\msâ kXyhmMvaqew CµpteJ F¶ t\mh ]nd¶n«v \qänbncp]¯n\mep hÀjambn. Ct¸mÄ hmbn¨mepw Nncn¨p Nncn¨v IpSep]pd¯phcp¶XmWv AXnse ^enXlmkyck§Ä. AXn\p Im cW¡mc\mb IYm]m{Xw kqcn\ ¼qXncn¸mSp Xs¶. Hcn¡Â hmbn ¨m ]ns¶ Hcn¡epw ad¡m\m hm¯ A\izcIYm]m{Xw! B IYm]m{Xw Nn´n¡p¶Xpw {]hÀ ¯n¡p¶Xpw ]dbp¶XpsaÃmw Xo À¯pw hjf¯c§Ä. F¦nepw hmb\¡mÀ¡v AbmtfmSv Acniw tXm¶pIbnÃ. Dudn¨ncn¡m\pw s]m«n¨ncn¡m\pw NndntIm«n¨ncn ¡m\papÅ hIIfmWv kqcn\¼qcn hnf¼p¶Xpw sNbvXpIq«p¶Xpw. hnShnNmc§fpw hnUvVn hÀ¯am \§fpw iywKmc`mh§fpsaÃmw \mw BkzZn¡p¶tXmsSm¸w \½p sS a\Ên \ndbp¶Xv kqcnbpsS tImamfncq]amWv. t\mhenÌmb H N´ptat\m³ Cu IYm]m{X s¯ AhXcn¸n¡ms\mcp§pt¼m

10

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

kqcn\¼qcnamÀ ]p\ÀP\n¡p¶p

Ä tcJs¸Sp¯p¶ kXyhmMv aqew ChnsS HmÀt¡­Xp­v. At±lw C§s\]dbp¶p: ""F\n¡v aebmf ¯n \¼qXncnamtc¡mÄ A[nIw _lpam\apÅhcmbn BcpanÃ. Chcn AXn_p²nimenIfpw ka ÀY³amcpamb ]etcbpw Rm\dn bpw. Ahsc ]cnlkn¡Wsa¶p Å Hcp ZpjvShnNmcw F\n¡pap ­mbn«nÃ.'' N´ptat\m³ F¶ IemImcsâ alXzw tat\msâ Cu {]Jym]\w kXyk Ôambncps¶¦nepw At±l¯nsâ c­mw t\mhemb imcZbnepw \¼q cnamcpsS ]cnlmkPohnXw Ac t§dp¶Xp ImWmw. {KÙImcsâ {]Jym]\hpw {]hr¯nbpw X½nep ­mb Cu sshcp[yamWv Abmfn se IemImcsâ alXzw hnfn¨dnbn ¡p¶Xv. IemImc³ AbmÄ Pohn ¡p¶ Npäp]mSpIfpsS DÂ]¶am Wv. N´ptat\m³ Pohn¨ kmwkv ImcnIkmlNcyw At±ls¯ s¡m­v FgpXn¡pIbmbncp¶p. {] Xn`mimenbmb hyànbnse Iem Imcsâ {]hr¯nbmbncp¶p, AXv.

]cnkcPoÀWXIsf {Zhn¸n ¡pI F¶Xv D¯aIemImcsâ ISa bmWv. AXmWv kw`hn¨Xv. ]s¯m³]Xmw \qäm­nsâ A´y ¯n¯pS§n At§m«pÅ \mfp Ifn aebmf kmlnXy¯n Cu {]hWX ImWmw. ImhycwK¯v sh¬aWnamcn Bt£]lmky ambn ]pdp¯ph¶XnXmWv. Ipamc \mimsâ ZpchØbn BhnjvIr XamIp¶Xv asämcpXc¯nepapÅ \ntj[ambncp¶p. Bim\v hyàn ]cambn¯s¶ A\p`hnt¡­n h¶ Abn¯¯nsâ XnàX {] tNmZ\ambncp¶p. F¶mÂ, N´p tat\msâ ØnXn AXmbncp¶nÃ. 1920  ZpchØ {]kn²oIcn¡p¶ Xn\pap¼v, ap¸Xn¸cw hÀjw ap¼v, Abn¯¯nsâ ZpchØI sfm¶pw Gim¯ Hcp kapZmb¯n ¸nd¶ Fgp¯pImc\mWv kqcn\ ¼qcn¸mSns\cwK¯nd¡nbsX¶ hkvXpX AÂ`pXt¯msS ImWW sa¶mWv ]n sI _meIrjvW³ ]dªXv, AXn§s\: ""km[mcWKXnbn A¶ s¯ Hcp \mbÀ¡v kz]v\w Im Wm³ IqSn km[yaÃm¯ H¶mWv


teJ\w tat\msâ ImgvN¸mSv. ]dª Ime hpw ]dª Imcyhpw IqSn h¨pt\m ¡pt¼mÄ, AXnt\¡mfpw kvt^mS Iamb kwcw`w thsdm¶v tIcf¯n sâ Ncn{X¯n D­nbn«nsöp ]dbWw.'' F¶mÂ, {]Xntj[¯nsâ kvt^mS\sam¶pw N´ptat\ms\ Xnsc D­mbnÃ. AXn\p ]e Imc W§fpap­v. H¶maXv CµpteJ bnse ^enXcknI¯w Xs¶. {_n«ojv kÀhoknse k_vPUvPn bmWv {KÙImc³ F¶Xv asämcp ImcWw. kÀthm]cn, N´pta t\m³ F¶ IemImcsâ ssh`hw Xs¶bmWv D­mImambncp¶ tcm j§sfsbÃmw ]pI¨pIfªX;v XoÀ¨. CµpteJ F¶ t\mhense apJyamb ckw lmkyamWv; AXn \I¼Snbmbn irwKmcw kPoham Ip¶psht¶bpÅq. am[hsâ Iman \n F¶ \nebneà CµpteJ hmb \¡mcsâ a\Ên IpSntbdp¶Xv. adn¨v, kqcn\¼qcnsb t\cnSp¶ XtâS¯nsâbpw \Àat_m[¯n sâbpw Dbc§fnse¯p¶ Cµp teJ F¶ s]¬Ip«nbmWv \s½ Gähpa[nIw BIÀjn¡p¶ _nµp. bmYmØnXnIamb ASn¨ aÀ¯epIÄ¡nSbn¡nS¶v hoÀ ¸pap«nbncp¶ kv{Xokaql¯n \n¶v HcmZÀih\nXsb¶t]mse DbÀ¶ph¶hfmWv CµpteJ. N´ptat\msâ BZÀih\nXbmW hÄ. Cw¥ojv ]T\¯neqsS A¶ s¯ Hcp aebmfn h\nXbv¡v sN s¶¯m³ Ignbp¶ A´Êpä Hc hØsbbmWv N´ptat\m³ Ah Xcn¸n¨Xv. ]cnjvIrXamb Hcp `mhnImes¯ k¦Â]n¡pIbpw AXnsâ XpSn¸pÅ Nn{Xw hÀ¯am \Ime¯nsâ Nphcn hc¨nSpI bpw sN¿m³ Po\nbÊpIÄt¡ Ign bpIbpÅq. AXp \nÀhln¨ A `pX{]Xn`mimenbmWv H¿mc¯p N´ptat\m³. kmwkvImcnIkwL«\w c­p XeapdIfpsS c­p kwkvIm c§Ä X½nepÅ kwL«\amWv N´ptat\msâ t\mhense {]ta bw. ]mc¼cy¯nsâ ImcWh³am cmb ]©ptat\ms\t¸mepÅhÀ ]cnjvIrXnbpsS Imäpw shfn¨hpw hne¡pIbmWv sN¿p¶Xv. AXn \pÅn¡nS¶v izmkwap«n acn¡p IbÃ, AS¨n« hmXnepIsf Nhn«n s¸mfn¨psIm­v ]ptcmKXnbnte ¡pÅ {]bmWamWv ]pXnb Xeapd \S¯p¶Xv. ]mc¼cyw \·bpw Xn

·bpw \ndªXmWv. kaql]ptcm KXnsb XSbp¶ Xn·bpsS Awi §Ä t]mepw H«pw tNmcmsX Im¡ Wsa¶v imTyw ]nSn¡p¶ ]mc¼cy ImanIÄ C¶pw F¶pw GsXmcp kaql¯nepap­mIpw. A¯c¯n epÅ PoÀWXbpsS hàm¡Ä \mSphmgn¯tIcf¯n am{Xaà P\m[n]XytIcf¯nepw ]­s¯ t¸msebsænepw C¶pw AhnS hnsS hnekp¶p­v. Ccp«psI«nb kwkvImcs¯ XIÀ¯v ]pXpaIÄ {]XnjvTn¡p¶Xn bphXeapdsb B{ibn¡p¶ cN\bmWv Cµp teJ F¶ t\mhÂ, ImemXnhÀ ¯nbmb ZÀi\apÅ Hcp IemImc \mbncp¶p, N´ptat\m³. At±l ¯nsâ Ccp¯w h¶ Iemho£ W¯n hnSÀ¶ IÂlmc ]pjv] amWv CµpteJ. lmkyw aebmft\mhensâ B [mcinebmhpì \nXyPohnX¯n¯s¶ N´pta t\m³ Hcp ^enXcknI\mbncp¶p. k_vPUvPnbmb At±lw tImSXn bn I£nbmb amcmscs¡m­v sN­sIm«n¨Xp t]mepÅ ckIc amb kw`h§Ä Gsd¸dbm\p­v. lmkys¯ aebmft\mhensâ B[mcinebm¡phm³ IgnªXv CµpteJbpsS almhnPbambn IW¡m¡mw. F¶ph¨v hnZqjI ]mc¼cy¯nepÅ tImamfnbpsS coXnsbm¶paà N´ptat\m³ kzo Icn¨sX¶dnbWw. Ime¯nsâ Po hnXw ad \o¡n¡mWn¡pIbmWv At±lw sNbvXXv. AXn AXni tbmànbpsS Awiap­mbn«nÃ. [z\nam[pcyw CµpteJbnse hmNyamb NncnI fn Hfn¸n¨ph¨ncn¡p¶ [z\nam [pcyw thsd Nncn¡v hI\ÂIp¶ hbmWv. Xn·bpsS Xnà^e§sf Nn{XoIcnt¨m AXnsâXs¶ ssh cq]y§sf ho­pw ho­pw ImWn¨v shdp¸p­m¡ntbm a\pjysc \· bnte¡v BIÀjn¡m³ Ignbpw. kwhÂkc§fmbn XpSÀ¶ph¶ t`mKemek PohnXw XIÀ¨bpsS s\Ãn¸eIbnse¯n \n¡p¶Xp I­t¸mÄ, kapZmbs¯ Xpe¨p sIm­ncp¶ AanXImamkàn {] ZÀin¸n¨v, A]lkn¨v \¶m¡m³ th­nbmbncp¶p sh¬aWn¡hn ]qc{]_ÔsagpXnbXv. F¶mÂ, N´ptat\m\v AXn¸cw asämcp alme£yap­mbncp¶p þ kv{Xo kzmX{´yw. ASp¡fbn \n¶v Ac§t¯¡pw ASna¯¯nÂ

\n¶v kzmX{´y¯nte¡pw kv{Xo sb \bn¡m\pXIp¶ s]s®gp¯n sâ {]Imi\mf§fmWv Cµpte JbneqsS shfns¸«ph¶Xv. F¶m Â, kv{XobpsS kzmX{´yw Hcn¡ epw AcmPIXz¯ntet¡m A\m YmhØbntet¡m aq¡pIp¯n ho gmXncn¡m³ t\mhenÌv \njvIÀjn ¡p¶p­v. F´mbmepw, aebmfK ZykmlnXy¯n BZykw`hambn cp¶p AXv. Nne s^an\nÌpIfpsS ZpÈmk\ kzm[o\w ]pcpj³amsc Krl\mY³amcmbn AwKoIcn¨psIm­pÅ Hcp Zm¼ XyPohnXcoXnbmWv `mcXob ss] XrI¯nepÅXv. F¶ph¨v kv{Xo sb ASnabmbn¡mWp¶ N]e kw kvImcaÃXv. Ccphcpw GIm[n]Xn IfmImsX ]ckv]cw B{ibn¨pw klmbn¨pw ]¦ph¨pw hn«phogv NIÄ sNbvXpapÅ Zm¼Xyta kv t \lkpc`neambn apt¶m«p t]mIq. A§s\bÃmXpÅ PohnX §fmWv kwLÀj§fnÂs¸«v tam N\§fpsS \cI¡pgnIfn C¶v hoWpsIm­ncn¡p¶Xv. kw_Ô taÀ¸mSpt]mepÅ sI«gnª Hcp Zm¼XyhyhØnXns¡XnscbmWv A¶v N´ptat\m³ Xsâ hoc\m bnIsb cwK¯nd¡nbXv. adn¨v, XpWnbpcnªpImWn¨pw sXdnsb gpXnbpw {it²bcmIm³ Dgdn\S ¡p¶ D®ncma³amsct¸msetbm Ip«nÈmcZamsct¸msetbm Bbncp ¶nÃ, H¿mc¯nsâ \ne]mSpIÄ. Zm¼Xy¯nse s]mcp¯s¸Sep IÄ¡pw hn«phogvNIÄ¡pw k¶² bmb, AtXkabw ASna¯¯ns\ Xnsc t]mcmSnb ss\Àaey¯nsâ {]XoIambncp¶p CµpteJ. C¶p Å Nne kv{Xo]£hmZnIÄ DbÀ ¯nhnSp¶ A]IzhmZ§Ä IpSpw _m´co£§sf Iepjam¡pI bpw kmaqlyPohnX¯n Aim ´n ]SÀ¯pIbpw sN¿p¶psh¶ bmYmÀYyw ]dbmsX h¿. tIcf ¯n hnhmltamN\w s]cpIns¸ cpInhcp¶Xnsâ ImcW§fn sem¶v GXm\pw s^an\nÌpIfpsS ZpÈmk\kzm[o\amWv. FÃm kv {Xo]£hmZnIfpw ZpÈmk\¡m cmsW¶ ]£hpanÃ. IrjvWKmYbpw AÀ[\mcoizc k¦Â¸hpw aebmfIhnXbnemsW¦n kv{Xo ]£hmZw XpS¡w apXtebpÅ XmWv. "Dt­m ]pcpj³ {]IrXnsb thdn«v ' F¶v Fgp¯Ñ³ 16þmw

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

11


teJ\w iXI¯nepcphn« AtX {]amWw Hcp \qäm­n\papt¼ Xs¶, Irjv W¸m«nsâ {]mcw`¯n sNdptÈcn \¼qcn hywKy`wKnbn ]mSnbXv {i²n¨n«pÅhÀ Ipdsh¶p am{Xw! CµncbpsS ]p©ncnbmIp¶ ]q\n emhv {]nbXasâ icoc¯n ]c ¡pt¼mgmWv tZh³ {]tim`nX\m Ip¶Xv. AXsæn B icocw shdpw ]cp]cp¯ ssie¯n\p kam\sa¶v almIhn ]mSnbXnsâ AÀY{]]©w Adntb­XpXs¶. AXdnª s^an\nÌpIÄ ChnsS F{Xt]cp­v? F´n\v? \½psS AÀ[\mco izck¦Â]w Xs¶ ]pcpj\mcok aXz¯neq¶n, c­psam¶msW¶pw H¶nsæn atäXnà F¶papÅ ZÀi\¯nsâ Úm\¸m\bmW tÃm. ChsbÃmw Adnªpw sIm ­pÅ AXsænÂ, ChsbÃmw Adnbm³ a\Ênsö a«nepÅ \njvTqcamb \mco]oV\§fneq sSbmWtÃm Cs¡«Imew Hmtcm Znhkhpw IS¶ps]mbvs¡m­ncn ¡p¶Xv. kqcn\¼qXncn¸mS³am cpsS sI«nepw a«nepw thjhn[m\ §fnepsaÃmw A´cap­mbn«p

IhnX tPmk^v amXyp Bªn-en-th-enÂ

s­¦nepw ]oU\§Ä XpSÀ¶p sImt­bncn¡p¶p. C¶s¯ Ad _n¡eymW§tf¡mÄ ]­s¯ kw_ÔtaÀ¸mSpIÄ F{Xtbm t`Zsa¶v tXm¶nt¸mIp¶ kw`h §fmWv \ntXy\ Act§dns¡m ­ncn¡p¶Xv. XpS¡¯n¸dªt]mse ]{´­pImcnsbbpw ]Xn\mdpImcn sbbpw kw_Ôw sN¿m³ A³] s¯«pw Adp]s¯«pw AXn\¸pd hpsa¯nb kqcn¯ncpta\namÀ AWnsªmcp§nsb¯nbncp¶ Hcp ImebfhnemWv N´ptat\m³ CµpteJ FgpXnbXpw kqcnkap Zmbs¯ A]lkn¨Xpsa¶dn bpI. F¶m Ct¶m? kapZmb t` ZanÃmsX ta\nan\p¡n \S¡p¶ ]gb ]¿³amcpw AgInb cmhW³ amcpw, IfnNncn amdm¯ s]¬Ip«n Isf aq¯p\c¨h³amtcmsSm¸w sI«n¨bbv¡m³ I¨sI«n \n ¡p¶ tImac§fpw, AhÀs¡ Xnsc Iams¶mc£cw DcnbmSmsX H¯misN¿p¶ sI«ne½amcpw, km£cXbn ap³]´nbnse¶v Duäw sImÅp¶ Cu aebmf\m «n AhnShnsSbmbn Fgp¶Ån

`qX-Im-e-Nn-´-IÄ

Bcm-[-\m-e-b-§Ä \ÂIpw IoÀ¯n-bn hmgpw Xrs¡m-Sn-¯m-\w. sFXn-l-y-§-fm k¼-¶-amWp t£{Xw Kth-j-IÀ X³ Nn¯-¯n IuXp-I-ap-WÀ¯pw Ncn-{X-tc-J-I-fp-­n-hn-sS. Bscbpw A¼-c-¸n-¡p-amdp ImWmw Iqä³ aXnÂs¡-«v. CXm-cv þ tNmZ-y-ap-bÀ¯n t£{X-ap³h-i¯p ImWmw. Icn-¦Â \nÀan-X-am-samcp a\p-j-y-{]-Xna CXn\pw sNmÃm-\p-s­mcp sFXn-l-yw. ]qP-bvs¡-¯m³ Xma-kn-s¨mcp ]qPm-cn-X³ ZpÀhn-[n-bmWp {]Xna `K-hm³X³ im]-tam£w kz-]v\w-I­v \qäm-­p-I-fmbn Ign-bp¶o lX-`m-K-y³. hnip-²\mw {^m³kokv tkh-yÀX³ Xncp-ti-jn-¸n-\m ]ffn AXn-hn-ip-²-Øm-\¯p hncm-Pn-¡p-¶p. iwJ-\mZw ]f-fn-aWn Ch-bp-f-hm¡pw km{µ-kw-KoXw DWÀ¯p-]m-«mbv amdp-¶p. t£{X-¯n³ shfn-bn ImWmw `oam-Im-c-¯n \n¡pw BÂacw ]s­t§m Hcp {]Ir-Xn-kvt\ln \«-XmWo acw shf-fhpw hfhpw \ÂIn hfÀ¯n imJ-Ifm \ndªv hShr-£-ambv amdn sImSpw-th-\-en ]eÀ¡pw hn{i-a-tI-{µ-amWo B¯-d. Im¡bpw X¯bpw ]¨-¡n-fn-Ifpw {]IrXn \ÂIpw lÀj-ambv amdp-¶p.

12

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

hcp¶Xpw, AhÀ¡pw AhcpsS sNbvXnIÄ¡pw \nbakm[pX \ Im³ `cWm[nImcnIÄ Xo«qcand ¡p¶Xpw ImWpt¼mÄ, A]cnjv IrXamb C¯cw hyhØnXns¡ Xnsc Hcp \qäm­n\pap¼v, Hcp Iqk epw IqSmsX, t\mhsegpXnb H N´ptat\ms\t¸mepÅ kck \mb [n¡mcnIÄ¡v C¶pw {]k ànbps­¶ Xncn¨dnhnemWv \mw F¯nt¨cp¶Xv. kz´w PohnX¸¦mfnsb Xn csªSp¡m\pÅ kzmX{´y¯n \mbn t]mcmSp¶ CµpteJamsc C¶v \mw CSbv¡nsS ImWp¶p­v; an­m{]mWnIfmb IeymWn¡p«n amÀ hnXp¼n¡cbp¶ Nn{X§fpw Npäp]mSpw ImWmw. ]©pta\h³ amÀ B`nPmXy¯nsâ Nqcepambn Dem¯ns¡mt­bncn¡p¶p. tZim S\¸£nIsft¸mse am[h³amÀ A§pan§pw Id§n\S¡p¶p. Ch sbÃmw t\m¡n¡­v, {]Xn`mimen bmb H¿mc¯p N´ptat\m³ Xsâ {Im´ZÀinXtbmÀ¯v \£ {X§Ä¡nSbnencp¶v Ct¸mgpw Nncn¡p¶p­mIpw!

aX-\n-c-t]-£X \ne-\nÀ¯pw DZm-¯-am-Xr-Ibmw {Kmaw ]cn-Øn-Xn¡p tIm«w hcp-¶Xp ]eXpw ImWm-an-hnsS IWn-s¡m-¶bpw ]q¯p-e-ªp-\n¡pw ac-§fpw {Kma-¯n³ kuµ-cyw Zrti-ymÂk-h-ambv amäp¶p ]mc-¼-c-y-¯n ssZÀLyw Iq«m³ sh¼ÂsIm-f-fp¶p Nne IpSpw-_-tbm-K-¡mÀ tbip-hn³ k\-ym-k-Po-hnXw amXr-I-bm-¡nb knÌÀ {Sokm amÀK-däv P\n-¨-XmWo {Kmaw. kvt\l-¯n³ Dujva-f-X-bn \n¶p-f-hmIpw knÌÀX³ ]p©ncn \nX-y-ambv ad-ªp.


DÄ¡mgvN Pn F³ ]Wn¡À

{][m\a{´nbpsS "t_mbvt¡m«v !', ]pXnb "kÀhIemimeIÄ', agshůn hgnap«p¶hÀ; lnameb¯n Hcp]«nbpw...

s]m

fn¨Sp¡p¶ hntZ i\bw kzmX{´ykacw I¯nPzen¨p \n¶ Ime¯p t]mepw KmÔnPn \t½mSp ]dª c­p Imcy§fp­v: "sXän' s\ shdp¡pt¼mgpw sXäp sN¿p¶ hs\ shdp¡cpXv; C³UybpsS XmÂ]cykwc£Ww e£yam¡p t¼mgpw {_n«¬ DĸsSbpÅ CXc cmjv{S§Ä¡v tZmjamhp¶Xv sN ¿mXncn¡Ww. FÃmhcnepw ssZh ssNX\yw Ds­¶ hnizmkhpw (Km ÔnPn Dd¨ ssZhhn izmknbmbn cp¶p) a\pjykapZmbs¯ sam¯ ¯n kvt\ln¡m\pw tkhn¡m\p apÅ XzcbpamWv ta¸dª \ne ]mSpIfneqsS KmÔnPn hyàam¡n bXv. {_n«oj[nImcnIsf C³Uy bn \n¶p Xpc¯m³ {ian¨t¸mgpw hyànIsf¶ \nebn B hntZi kmbv]³amsc i{Xp¡fmbn \mw I­nÃ. {_n«\n¯s¶ \s½ Xp Wbv¡m³ \nch[nt]À apt¶m«p hcpIbpw sNbvXp. hn sI IrjvWtat\m\pw aäpw ap³ssIsbSp¯p cq]h¡cn¨ "C³UymeoKn'sâ BZy kt½f\ ¯n B[y£yw hln¨Xv _À{S â v dÊemsW¶mtWmÀa. Cu kao ]\§fpsS XpSÀ¨bmbmWv \mw {_n«ojv tIma¬sh¯n AwK amhm³ Xocpam\n¨Xpw A§s\ sNbvXXpw. {_n«ojv ta[mhnXz ¯n \n¶v kzmX{´yw t\Snb kz X{´cmjv{S§fpsS kulrZkt½ f\§fmWv tIma¬sh¯v k t½f\§Ä. {_n«ojv cmPmhv / cmÚn B[y£ Øm\¯ncn¡p sa¦nepw FÃm AwK§Ä¡pw Xp eykzmX{´yhpw AhImi§fpam WpÅXv. HcwKcmPy¯v P\m[n ]Xyw Csöph¶m B cmPy s¯ tIma¬sh¯v kwLS\ ]pd¯m¡pIbpw sN¿pw.

C{Xbpw BapJambn Fgp XnbXv UÂlnbnse \½psS `cW¡mÀ CubnsS {ioe¦bn \S¶ tIma¬sh¯v kt½f\ ¯n {][m\a{´n ]s¦Spt¡s­ ¶p Xocpam\n¨Xns\¸än ]dbm \mWv. {][m\a{´n¡p]Icw \½p sS hntZiImcya{´nbmWv {ioe¦ bv¡pt]mbXv. ap³]pw {][m\a{´n ¡p]Icw GsX¦nepw a{´n t]mbn «ps­¶ UÂln¡mcpsS hniZoI cWw ip² t`mjv¡mWv. AhÀ ]d bp¶Xv sXsä¶Ã. C³UybpsS sXm«Sp¯p InS¡p¶, C³Uybv¡v X{´]cambn Gsd {]m[m\yapÅ C³Uy³ almkap{Z¯nse \½p sS {][m\ AbÂcmPyamWv {io e¦. a³taml³knMv {ioe¦bv¡p t]mImXncp¶Xn\v Hscmä ImcW tabpÅq. bp ]n F bpsS Xangv\m «nse kJyI£nbmb Un Fw sI sbbpw IcpWm\n[nsbbpw ]nW ¡mXncn¡m\pw {]kvXpXhnjbw PbefnXbpw F sF Un Fw sI bpw bp ]n F bvs¡Xncmbn apXse Sp¡mXncn¡m\pw! A{Xam{Xw! tZ iob\b§fnepÅ Xocpam\§Ä t]mepw {]mtZinI I£nIfpsS "D¯chpIÄ'¡v hnt[bambn FSp ¡pI F¶ KÀlWobamb \ne]m Snse¯n \n¡pIbmWv a³tam l³knMv þ tkmWnbmamUw Cc« `cWsa¶ÀYw! {ioe¦bnse XangcpsS Xm ]cykwc£W¯n\pt]mepw tNcp ¶Xà {ioe¦bpw \mapw X½nep ­mhp¶ GXv AI¨bpw. Xangv \m«nse Xangv ktlmZc³amsc C ¡mcyw ]dªv t_m[ys¸Sp¯m³ \½psS UÂln t\XrXz¯n\v Ign bm¯Xv XnI¨pw ]cnXm]Icw! AhcpsS IgnhptISpw. {ioe¦bp ambn ASp¡m³ hnhn[ hgnIfn

a³taml³knMv

eqsS {ian¨p hnPbn¨p hcpIbmWv ssN\ F¶ Imcyw \½psS `cWm [nImcnIÄ ad¶pt]mtbm? BZyIme¯v {ioe¦bpw C³Uybpw \à kulrZ¯nembn cp¶p. "lnµo þ No\n `mbv, `mbv' F¶p hnfn¨v \½psS s\{lphpw Ir jvWtat\m\pw NuF³tembnbp sam¯v \r¯w sNbvXp \S¡p¶Xp I­n«mhmw {ioe¦bpw ssN\tbm SSp¡m³ {ian¨pXpS§n. 1962 þ  C³Uybnte¡v ssN\okv ]«mfw Cc¨pIbdp¶Xp I­v th­{X B bp[§Ä t]mepw ssIbnenÃmXn cp¶ \½psS Phm³amÀ Xncnt¨mSn bXv AdnªtXmsS {ioe¦ ssN\ tbmSv IqSpX ASp¡pIbpw sN bvXp!. Ct¸mÄ {ioe¦bnse ssN\o kv km¶n[yw Gsd hn]pehpw ssh hn[yk¼¶hpas{X! B cmPys¯ Gsd klmbn¨ncp¶ P¸ms\bpw ssN\ ]n´Ånbncn¡pIbmWv C ¡mcy¯nÂ.(P¸msâ ]cam[nImc

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

13


DÄ¡mgvN s¯bpw ssN\tNmZyw sN¿mdp­v. \½psS AcpWmNÂ{]tZiv ssN\ bpsS `mKamsW¶ AhImihmZw t]mse!) GjybpsS "N{IhÀ¯n' Øm\hpw C³Uymalmkap{Z¯n sâ taÂt¡mbvabpw e£yam¡p¶ ssN\tbmSv {ioe¦sb IqSpXeSp ¸n¡m\mWv Ct¸mÄ \½psS {][m\a{´n \S¯nb t_mbvt¡m«v CSbm¡pI. \½psS {]Xntcm[ a{´n F sI BâWnbpw {][m\a{´n a³taml ³kn§pw ssN\bnse¯n h³a Xn A\p`hw DÄs¡m­pw s_bv PnMv I­pw ]p©ncnXqhn kwXr]v Xcmbn aS§pt¼mgpw C³Uy\XnÀ ¯nbnse ssN\okv apt¶äw þ CS s]SepIÄþ A`wKpcw XpScpI bmWv! Npcp¡¯nÂ, {ioe¦bn \S¶ tIma¬sh¯v kt½f\ ¯n\v t]mImXncp¶ \½psS {][m \a{´n C³UybpsS hnes¸« tZ iobXmÂ]cy§sfbmWv XIcmdn em¡nbXv, Xangv\m«nse Iptd thm «pIÄ e£yam¡n! Aót]ä³ asämcp kµÀ`¯n Xsâ t\mh en\v \ÂInb t]cv \ap¡v ChnsS DcphnSmw: "tIgpI {]nb\msS!' "kÀhIemimeI'fmhp¶ \½p sStImsfPpIÄ! apJya{´n D½³Nm­n {]Jym]n¨n cn¡p¶p: XncsªSp¯ GXm\pw tImsfPpIÄ¡v kzbw`cWmh Imiw \ÂIpsa¶v. s]mXphnZym`ymks¯ Ignª F Un F^v a{´nk`bnse hnZym `ymka{´n Fw F t__n (At± lw Cu teJIsâ _lpam\ykp lr¯pIqSnbmsW¶ Imcyw ad¨p hbv¡p¶nÃ) Hcp "]cph'¯nem¡n bn«p t]mbn. Ccp]tXm AXne[nI tam amÀ¡v tamUtdj³ \ÂIn bmepw A³]XpiXam\¯n\Sp ¯pam{Xw Ip«nIÄ Fkv Fkv F kn ]co£ Pbn¨ncp¶ Hcp L« ¯nemWv t__n hnZym`ymka{´n bmbXv. c­paq¶p hÀjwsIm­v B hnPbiXam\w sXm®qdn\Sp s¯¯n¨p At±lw! a{´nbpw sI Fkv Sn F ¡mcpw IqSn, imkv{X kmlnXy]cnj¯pImcpsS D]tZ iw tI«mhmw, hnPbiXam\w A§ s\hÀ[n¸n¨Xv. Fs´s´Ãmw X{´§fmWv hnPbiXam\w sXm®qdm¡m³ AhÀ sNbvXsX¶v \m«pImÀ¡v \¶mbdnbmw. Hmtcm t]¸dn\pw B`y´c aqey\nÀWb¯nsâ t] cn 20 amÀ¡v \ÂIpI, kne_Ên enÃm¯ tNmZy¯n\v þ B tNmZyw

14

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

Fw F t__n

F§s\h¶p F¶p tNmZn¡cpXv! þ Dff apgph³ amÀ¡pw FÃm Ip«n IÄ¡pw \ÂIpI, Hcp¯c¯nsâ sNdnsbmcp `mKw am{Xw FgpXnbm epw Ip«nIfpsS Dt±iyw IW¡n seSp¯v amÀ¡v sImSp¡pI, ("]ip' F¶Xn\v "]' Fs¶gpXnbmepw amÀ ¡v!) XpS§nb hnZKv[X{´§Ä D]tbmKn¨mWv Fkv Fkv F kn ]co£bnse hnPbiXam\w sXm®qdn\Sps¯¯n¨Xv! hnZymÀ YnIÄ Imcyambn ]Tn¨XpsIm­pw A[ym]IÀ ]mSps]«XpsIm­p amWv hnPbiXam\w IqSnbsX¶v hnZym`ymka{´n Fw F t__n ]d bp¶Xpw tI«n«p­v! UÂlnbnse a{´n I_n kn_emhs«, ]co£ tb ths­¶ \ne]msSSp¯p! ]co £ Ip«nIÄ¡v ]ncnapdp¡w þ sS³j³ þ \ÂIp¶p F¶XpsIm ­v! A§s\ Fw F t__n, I]n kn_ XpS§nb hnZym`ymk hnZ Kv[·mÀ \½psS s]mXphnZym`ym ks¯ {]lk\am¡namän. Ct¸m gs¯ bp Un F^v hnZym`ymka{´n A_vZpdºv hnPbiXam\w \qdmbn (100) DbÀ¯psa¶p \ap¡p {]Xo £n¡mw! ]co£bv¡p cPnÌÀ sN bvXhscsbÃmw Pbn¸n¡mw F¶p Xocpam\n¨m aXnbtÃm. tIcf¯nse kv I qfpIfnepw tImsfPpIfnepw C¶p \S¡p¶Xv Fs´ms¡bmsW¶v a\Ênembn «pt­m, \½psS apJya{´n¡v? hnZymÀYncmjv{Sobw, AXns\¡mÄ A]ISIcamb A[ym]Icmjv {Sobw, kzImcyamt\PpsaâpIfpsS Iff¡fnIÄ þ ]co£mlmfn tNmZy§Ä¡v D¯c§Ä ]dªp sImSp¡p¶ A[ym]IÀ, ]co£m lmfn ]pkvXIw/t\m«p h¨p ]IÀ¯nsbgpXm³ A\phZn¡p¶ Iogvhg¡w þ C§s\ ]eXpw hym ]Iambn \S¶phcp¶p; am[ya{i ²bnÂs]Sp¶Xv A]qÀhw Nneh

am{Xw þ C§s\]eXpwIqSn aen\ am¡nbncn¡p¶ \½psS tImsfPp Ifn F{Xam{Xw \njv]£ambn amÀ¡nSo \S¡pw? hntijn¨pw AXXp tImsfPn\pXs¶ Un{KnI fpw aäpw sImSp¡mw F¶pIqSn h¶mÂ? bqWnthgvknänIfn \S ¡p¶ Iff¡fnIÄt]mepw C¶v ]pXpa \in¨ hmÀ¯bmWv. At¸m Ä Iptd tImsfPpIfn IqSn Cu {]lk\w hym]Iambn Act§dn bmtem? Cu kmlNcy¯n GXm \pw XncsªSp¯ tImsfPpIsf "kÀhIemime'Ifm¡m\pff \o ¡w \½psS hnZym`ymkcwKs¯ IqSpX hjfm¡psa¶pd¸v. tIm sfPpXs¶ ]co£ \S¯pIbpw Un{KnIÄ \ÂIpIbpw sN¿pI F¶ ØnXn h¶m Imcyw "ASn s]mfn'bmhpw, XoÀ¨. F sI Bâ Wn apJya{´nbmbncp¶t¸mÄ DZm cambn A\phZn¨ kzm{ibtImsf PpIÄ IpS¯nÂ\n¶v tamNnXcmb ZpÀ`qX§Ä t]mse \s½ {Kkn¨p \n¡p¶Xpw \mw I­p Ignªp. C\n A_vZpdºnsâbpw D½³Nm ­nbpsSbpw hI IqSnbmhs«. kzbw `cWmhImiw t\Sp¶ tIm sfPpIÄ "kÀhIemimeIfmbn' amdn Cu \mSnsâ sskzcw Iptd ¡qSn sISp¯s«! F§pw hnebn Ãm¯ Iptd Un{Kn¡msc krjvSn¨v \½psS hnZym`ymktaJesb AhÀ IqSpX [\ycmIs«! ag F¯pt¼mÄ am\w Idp¡pt¼mįs¶ Xncp h\´]pc¯pImÀ `b¶p XpS§p ¶ c­p Øe§fmWv X¼m\qÀ sdbnÂthtÌj³ þ {Sm³kvt]mÀ«v _kvÌm³Uvþ]cnkchpw Ingt¡ t¡m«bpw. GXm\pw an\n«pIÄ XpS sc ag s]bvXmÂaXn Cu c­nS ¯pw shffw s]m§m³. ChnsS \nehn h¶ F Un F^v kÀ ¡mcpIfpw bp Un F^v kÀ¡mcp Ifpw knän tImÀ¸tdj³ `cWm[n ImcnIfpw þ Zim_vZ§fmbn, kn ]n Fw {]Xn`IfmWv _lpam\y tabÀ amÀ! þ e£§tfm tImSnItfm Hs¡ sNehn«v \nch[n ]cn]mSn IÄ \S¸nem¡nbn«pw X¼m\qsc bpw Ingt¡t¡m«bnsebpw "shff s¸m¡w' Hgnhm¡m³ Ignbp¶nÃ! (amen\y{]iv\hpw hnf¸nÂime {]iv\hpw bp Un F^v apJya{´n D½³Nm­nbpw asämcp apJya{´n bpsS a«n \S¡p¶ kn ]n Fw knäntabÀ N{µnIbpw aq¶mw apJy a{´nsb¶p hntijn¸n¡mhp¶


DÄ¡mgvN hnf¸nÂime ]©mb¯p {]kn Uâpw (tIm¬{KkpImcn) IqSn Hcp "]cpham¡n'¡gnªp. hnf¸nÂim ebnse hmbphpw Pehpw a®pw aen\amhmsX Xs¶ \S¸nem¡m ambncp¶ ]²Xnsb C¶s¯ Øn Xnbnse¯n¨ ]WanS]mSpIfpw sISpImcyØXbpw sIt¦aw!) X¼m\qcpw Ingt¡t¡m« bpw agshffw FhnsS\n¶p hcp ¶p? AXv XSÊanÃmsX HgpInt¸m Im¯sX´v? shffw HgpInt¸mtI ­ HmSIfntÃ? Ds­¦n Ahbv ¡v F´p kw`hn¨p? X¼m\qÀþ Ingt¡t¡m« {]iv\§Ä¡v Hcp ]cnlmchpantÃ? tIcfkÀ¡mcpw Xncph\´]pcw knän tImÀ¸tdj \pw Dd¡¯nemtWm? "s]mXpP\ k¼À¡ ]cn]mSn' F¶ _m\dp ambn PnÃIÄtXmdpw ]d¶p\S¶v tImSn¡W¡n\p cq] klmbambn ]cmXn¡mÀ¡p \ÂIn Xr]vXnbS bp¶ apJya{´n At±l¯nsâ I¬ap¼n Acbäwhcp¶ amen\y ¸pgbmbn amdp¶ agshff¯n \o´n c£s¸Sm³ {ian¨pt]mcp¶ Xncph\´]pcs¯ ]mhw P\§fp sS KXntISv H¶p I®pXpd¶p Im Wptam? ImWWw. AsænÂ, Ncn{X¯nsâ {]Xn¡q«nemhpw At±lhpw Iq«qcpw! \½psS knän tImÀ¸tdj³ `cWm[nImcnIsf ¡pdnt¨mÀ¡pt¼mÄ Xs¶ P\w \mWn¨p XeXmgv¯pw! "dp¸o' F¶ \mS³ ]«n Hcp \mS³]«n lnameb¯n\p apIfnse¯nbncn¡p¶p F¶p hmÀ¯. Ahsâ Nn{Xhpw ]{X§ fn h¶p. tPmh³ se^vk³ F¶ tKmÄ^v Ifn hnZKv[t\msSm¸w, At±l¯nsâ tXmg\mbmWs{X, \mS³]«nbmb dp¸o lnamebkm \p¡fnse¯nbXv. I¼nfnhkv{X §sfm¶pw [cn¡msX Xs¶hntZ

tabÀ N{µnI

i¯p \ns¶¯p¶ Bbnc§Ä hnebpff s]Un{Kn \mbv¡fmWv ssIbn th­{X ImipffhÀs¡ Ãmw A`nImayw. A¯cw ]«nIÄ ho«papät¯m X§fpsSbSpt¯m \n¡p¶Xv X§fpsS Ìmäkv Db À¯psa¶ AhcpsS [mcWbpw sX äÃ! Cu teJIsâ PohnX¯n epw km[mcW \mS³]«nIÄ H¶n e[nIw IS¶ph¶n«p­v. Fgp]Xn tesd hÀjw ap¼v F\n¡v \mtem At©m hbÊpfft¸mÄ acn¨ Cf b¸q¸sâ NnXbv¡cnIn Ft¶m sSm¸w Gsdt\cw ZpxJnX\mbn \n¶ ]«n, 1970 Ifn Fs¶ hn«p]ncnbmsX \S¶ ss_Pp F¶ ]«n, GXm\pw amk§Ä¡pap¼v Fsâ PohnX¯n AeªpXncn sª¯nb änäp F¶p Rm³ t]cn «pkz´am¡nb sXcphp]«n. HSp hn ]dª sXcphp]«nsb¡pdn¨v Rm³ FgpXnb Cw¥ojv IhnX bpsS t]cmWv Fsâ Gähpw ]p Xnb Cw¥ojv IhnXm kamlmc¯n \n«Xv þ When one strays into your life. ('HcmÄ \n§fpsS PohnX¯n Aeªp Xncnsª¯pt¼mÄ) F sâ FÃm Znhkhpw Bcw`n¡p¶ Xpw Ahkm\n¡p¶Xpw änäphn t\mSv F\n¡pff kvt\lw {]ISn ¸n¨psIm­pw Ah\v Ft¶mSpff kvt\lw A\p`hn¨psIm­pamWv. þ CtX¸änbpw ]n¶oSv Rm³ c­v Cw¥ojv IhnXIÄ IqSn FgpXn. apIfn ]dª Cw¥ojv IhnXm kamlmc¯n\v IhÀ Nn{Xambn \ÂInbXv Ft¶msSm¸w \n ¡p¶ Ahsâ Nn{XamWv. lnameb¯n bPam\t\m sSm¸sa¯nb \mS³ ]«n dp¸nsb ¡pdnt¨mÀ¯t¸mÄ asämcp ]«nsb bpw HmÀ¯p: bp[njvTncsâbpw ktlmZc·mcpsSbpw Ahkm\bm {Xbn AhtcmsSm¸w \S¶p\o §nb alm`mcX¯nse ]«nsb. Xpd¶p]dbs«, "\µn' F¶ ]Zw \n L­phn C¶pw \ne\n¡¶Xp Xs¶ ]«nIÄ Fs¶mcp hÀKw \t½msSm¸apÅXpsIm­pam{Xw! AtXkabw sXcphp\mbv ¡Ä Xncph\´]pc¯pImÀ¡v t]Snkz]v\tam `ojWntbm Bbn amdnb ØnXnbpw \mw HmÀt¡­ Xp­v. Znhkhpw Zi¡W¡n¶mfp IÄ t]¸«n hnj NnInÂkbv¡mbn Xncph\´]pcs¯ Bip]{XnIfn se¯pIbmWv! sXcphp]«nIfpsS Imcy¯n \½psS A`nhµytabÀ N{µnIbpsSbpw kn ]n F½nsâbpw knän tImÀ¸tdj\pw _lp apJy

änäphpw teJI\pw

a{´n D½³Nm­nbpsSbpw bp Un F^nsâbpw kÀ¡mcpw kzoIcn¨n cn¡p¶ "A\§m¼md\bw' A]e ]\obamWv, {]Xntj[mÀlamWv. ta\ImKmÔn arK§sf sImÃm³ ]mSnsö kp{]owtImSXn hn[n¡v hgnsbmcp¡nbhÀXs¶. ]«nIsf hÔywIcn¨m C¶pff sXcphp ]«nIfpsS _mlpeyw GXm\pw hÀj§ÄsIm­v IpdbpItbm AhÀ CÃmXmhpItbm sN¿psa¶p ]dbp¶p Nne hnZKv[À. ]t£, C¡mcy¯nepw tabÀ `cn¡p¶ knän tImÀ¸tdj\pw bp Un F^v \nb{´W¯nepff arKkwc£W hIp¸pw "R§sfm¶pw Adnªn tÃ' F¶ "\mSy'hpambn \S¡pI bmWv! am[ya§Ä C¡mcy§Ä {]kn ²s¸Sp¯pt¼mgpw \½psS tabdpw a{´namcpw t]¸«nIsf t] Sn¨p \S¡p¶ ]mhw P\¯nsâ \n IpXn¸WwsIm­p hm§nb tÌäp ImdpIfn ]d¶p\S¶p hnekp ¶p! ChnsS Cu XeØm\\Kcn bn amen\yw IqSnbmse´v, ZpÀK Ôw \ndªmse´v, ]pgIÄ \in ¨mse´,v ]mhw P\w ]«nIfpsS ISntbämepw t]¸«nIfpsS B{Ia W¯n\v hnt[bcmbmepw IjvSs¸ «mepsa´v. \½psS tabÀ¡pw a{´n amÀ¡pw CsXm¶pw Hcp {]iv\aÃ! ta¸dª \nÊmcImcy§fn apgpIn \St¡­hcmtWm \s½ `cn¡p¶ AhÀ? aäp \nch[n kp{] [m\Imcy§fp­tÃm AhcpsS A Snb´c {i² Bhiys¸«psIm­v! (2013 \hw_À 27)

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

15


IY \fn\n {io[-c³

]

­p-Im-e¯v ]Àh-X-§Ä¡p Nnd- I p- I Ä D­m- b n- c p- ¶ p. henb henb ]À-h-X-§Ä¡v ]d-¶pt]m-Im³ henb Nnd-Ip-IÄ D­m-bncp-¶-Xp-sIm­v tZh-tem-I-§-fn A´-co-£-¯n ]d-h-IÄ am{X-aà ]d-¶p-I-fn-¡p-¶Xv henb ]Àh-X§fpw ]d-¶p-I-fn-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p. `qanbn Nne kabw ]ÀhX-§Ä ]d ¶p a\p-j-y-Iq-«-§-fpsS CS-bn ho Wp Dd-¨p-\n¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p. A§ns\-bn-cns¡ P\-§Ä `b¶p hnd-¨ncn-¸m-bn. BcmWv c£n-¡m-\p-f-f-sX¶m-tem-Nn¨v Ah-scÃmw IqSn ap\nam-tcbpw aäv Úm\n-I-tfbpw I­v k¦-S-¯n\v \nhm-c-Wap­m-¡m³ At]-£n-¨p. Cui-z-c³ Xs¶ \s½ c£n-¡Ww CXn \n¶v F¶p IcpXn. FÃm-hcpw IqSn C{µs\ `Pn-¡m ³ XpS-§n. hf-sc-¡mew {]mÀY\ \o­-t¸mÄ C{µ³ {]X-y-£-\m-bn. C{µ³ Ah-tcm-Sm-cm-ªp. ""\n §Ä C{Xbpw k¦-S-s¸-Sm³ F´m Wv ImcWw Rm³ AXn\p ]cn-lm-cap-­m-¡mw''. FÃm-hÀ¡pw kam-[m\-am-bn. ""{]t`m ]Àh-X-§Ä CS bv¡ P\-§-fpsS CS-bn ]d-¶ph¶v FÃm-h-tcbpw `b-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. AXv GXp ka-b-¯mWv A§s\ sN¿p-¶-sX¶v Adn-bp-¶n-Ã. FÃmhcpw hÃmsX `b-s¸«p Ign-bp-¶p. Ahn-Sp¶v CXn\v ]cn-lmcw ImWWw''. ""\n§fmcpw `b-s¸-tS­ Im c-y-an-Ã. Rm³ AXn\v th­p-¶Xv sNbvXp-sIm-f-fmw. AX{X henb Imc-y-a-Ã'' C{µ³ ]d-ªp. FÃmhcpw ]ncn-ªp-t]mbn kam-[m-\t¯m-sS. C{µ³ hfsc emL-h-t¯msS ]Àh-X-cm-Pm-hn-t\mSp ]d-ªp. ""tl... ]Àh-X-cmPm \n§Ä ]d¶p-\-S¶v P\-§sf IjvS-s¸-Sp-¯p¶Xp \nÀ¯Ww AsÃ-¦n Fsâ iàn \n§sf ImWn-¨p-X-tc­n hcpw. AXp-sIm­p Rm³ ]d-bp¶Xv A\p-k-cn-¡p-¶-XmWv \Ã-Xv''. C{µ³ ]d-bp-¶-Xp-tI«v ]Àh-Xcm-Pmhp ]pÑn¨p ]d-bm³ XpS-§n. ""R§tf-¡mfpw F{Xtbm sNdnb tZth-{µ³ F´-dn-ªn-«mWv Cu FS-¯p-Nm-«-t¯m-sS-bp-ff hm¡pIÄ. C{Xbpw henb HmUÀ A\p-kcn-¡m³ Ft¶mSp ]d-bm³ \n§fmcv'' Cu hm¡ptI«v tZth-{µ\v tIm]w h¶v D¨-¯n ]d-ªp.

16

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

ssa\m-I-]ÀhXw

""F´mWv \o ]d-ª-Xv. A{X¡mtbm? CXm ]nSnt¨m'' C{Xbpw ]d-ªv C{µ³ h{Pm-bp[w ]Àh-X¯n\v ta {]tbm-Kn-¨p. henb i_vZ-t¯msS ]ÀhXw s]m«n-¨n-Xdn. C{µ³ _m¡n I­ FÃm ]ÀhX- § - f p- s Sbpw Nnd- I - c n- ª phn«p. FÃmw icn-bm-¡n-sb¶p hn¨m-cn¨v C-{µ³ kam-[m-\n-¨p. Cu kabw ssa\mIw F¶ henb ]ÀhXw Hcp Zn¡n `b-t¯msS Ccn-¡p-I-bm-bncp-¶p. lna-hmsâ ]p{X\pw ]mÀhXo-tZ-hn-bpsS ktlm-Z-c\pw kzÀWa-b-hp-amb ssa\m-I-¯nsâ `bw I­p hmbp `K-hm³ ASp-s¯-¯n¸-d-ªp ssa\m-I-t¯m-Sv. ""thKw Fsâ IqsS hm C{µsâ h{Pw F¯m¯ Hcp Øew Rm³

ImWn-¨p-X-cmw. \ap-¡-hnsS t]m Imw''. ssa\mIw ]d-ªp. ""hmbp `K-hms\ Rm³ \n§sf klm-b-¯n\v th­n {]Xo-£n-¨psIm-­n-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Fs¶ F§n-s\-sb-¦nepw c£n-¡-Ww''. ""hm t]mImw''. F¶p ]dªp hmbp ssa\m-I-¯ns\ DuXn kmK-c¯n-te-s¡-¯n-¨p. hcp-Ws\I­p ssa\m-Is¯ IS-en Pohn-¡m³ k½-Xn-¡-W-sa-¶-`-yÀYn-¨p. hcpW³ kap-{Z-¯n \à Hcp Øe¯n ssa\m-I-¯n\v Øe-sam-cp¡n. ssa\m- I - ¯ ns\AXn- i - à nbmbn hmbp-`-K-hm³ DuXn IS-ente¡p sIm­p t]mIp-¶Xv tZth{µ³ I­p. At¸m-tg-¡pw hmbp km K-c-t\mSp ]dªp Cu ]Àh-Xs¯


IY c£n-¡p-I. kmK-c³ ssa\m-Is¯ AbmÄs¡m-cp-¡nb Øe¯v Xmgv ¯n c£n-¨p. tZth-{µ³ hnfn¨p ]dªp. ""ssa\mIw \o Fsâ ssIbn \n¶p c£-s¸«psh¶p [cn-t¡-­. CXp X¡m-e-t¯-¡m-Wv. Ft¸msg-¦nepw F\n¡v \o CXn-¶n-c«n Xncn¨p Xtc-­n-h-cpw''. C{Xbpw ]dªv C{µ³ Xncn-¨p-t]m-bn. hcpW³ ssa\m-I-¯n-t\mSp sasà ]dªp. ""ssa\mIw t]Sn-¡-­. tZth{µ³ tZjyw h¶ ka-bam-bXpsIm ­p A§ns\]d-sª-¶p-am-{Xw. tZjyw s]s«-¶p-Xs¶ amdpw. Bkabw ssa\m-I-¯ns\ hnfn¨v \ÃXv ]dbpw. \o kpJ-ambn ChnsS Ignªp-sIm-f-fp-I. Bcpw \ns¶ Ae«p-hm³ C§«v hcn-Ã''. sImÃ-§Ä Bbn-c-¡-W-¡n\v s]mgnªp sIm­n-cp-¶p. ssa\m Iw Btcbpw ie-y-s¸-Sp-¯msX AS§n HXp§n kpJ-ambn IS-en Xma-kn-¨p. Hcp-\mÄ IS¡-c-bn c­p-t]À \n¡p-t¼mÄ Btcm HcmÄ IS-en³ apI-fn-eqsS ]d-¶pt]m-Ip-¶Xp I­p. ]d-¶p-h-cp-¶Xv ASp- s ¯- ¯ n- b - t ¸mÄ Ah- c n HcmÄ ]d-ªp. ""AXp l\p-am-\m-Wv. R§Ä¡v {]nb-\mb {iocm-a-N-{µsâ inj-y-\mWv. At±lw AÑsâ BÚ-¡-\pk-cn¨p cmP-y-`mcw ths­¶p h¨v Im«n-te¡v ]Xn-\mep hÀj-t¯¡p t]mbncn¡-bm-Wv. B kabw Im «n \n¶v At±-l-¯nsâ [Àa-]Xv \n koXm-tZ-hnsb cm£-k\pw e¦mcm-Pyw `cn-¡p-¶-h-\p-amb cmh-W³ I«p-sIm-­p-t]mbn. koXm-tZ-hnsb I­p-]n-Sn-¡m³ l\p-am³ IS NmSn-¡-S-¶p-sIm­p e¦-bn-te-¡p t]mI-bmWv. ]mhw Hcp hn{i-a-an-

ÃmsX''. AXp-tI«v atä BÄ ]dªp. ""\n§Ä Zbhp sNbvXv B l\pam\v Hcp hn{i-a-Øew Hcp-¡n-s¡mSp¯p klm-bn-¡p-I.'' asä BÄ ]d-ªp. ""Cu shf-f-¯n F´p hn{i-aØew Hcp-¡n-s¡m-Sp-¡m-\mWv'' Cu c­p-t]À hmbphpw kmK-c-\p-ambn-cp-¶p. s]s«¶v IS-en \n¶v ssa\m Iw s]m§n-h¶v kmK-c-t\mSp ]dªp. ""tl hcpWm Rm³ Hcp ]Wnbpw sN¿msX \n§-fpsS Cu IS-en kpJn-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡-b-tÃ. l\p-am\v Hcp klmbw sN¿m³ km[n-¨m AXv \Ã-X-sÃ. am{X-aÃ, Fs¶ c£n¨ hmbp `K-hmsâ aI\-sÃ. Hcp {]X-yp-]-Imcw Fs¶s¡m­p ]äp-I-bm-sW-¦n F\ns¡mcp IrXmÀYX D­m-hp-Ibpw sN¿pw. F{Xtbm sImÃ-§-fmbn Rm³ Cu IS-en an­m-Xn-cn-¡-bsÃ. C\n F\n-¡Xv ]än-Ã. l\pams\ klm-bn-¡pI F¶Xv hne-]nSn-¨ A\p-`-h-amWv F\n¡v In«p-I. Fsâ NndIv sIm­p AsX-¦nepw Rm³ sN¿-s«''. l\p-ams\klm-bn-¡m³ k¶²-\mbn ssa\m-I-]ÀhXw IS-en \n¶v s]m§n-h¶v l\p-am-t\mSp ]dªp. ""t{ijvT-\mb l\p-am³ Xm¦Ä {iaw ]nSn¨ ]Wn sN¿p-¶p. A §s\ Fsâ tZl-¯nse hnkvXr-Xamb Øe¯v Ipd¨v hn{i-an-¨-ti jw bm{X Xp-S-§n-bm aXn-sb¶v hW-¡-am-b-t]-£n-¡p-¶p. Rm³ F{Xtbm sImÃ-ambn bmsXmcp ]Wnbpw BÀ¡pw Hcp klm-bhpw sN¿msX Cu IS-en Hfn-¨p-I-gn-bpI-bm-Wv. P\-§sf th­pw t]mse

klm-bn-¡m³ F\n-¡m-{K-l-ap-­v. Zb-hmbn Fs¶ AXn-\-\p-h-Zn¡sW''. ss-a-\mI ]Àh-X-¯nsâ Cu A`-yÀY\ l\p-ams\hfsc kt´mjn-¸n-¨p. l\p-am³ ssa\m-I-t¯mSp ]d-ªp. ""ssa\mIta Xm¦-fpsS klm-blkvXw Ct¸mÄ kzo-I-cn-¡m³ hnj-a-ap-­v. {iocm-asâ AX-ym-h-i-yIm-c-y-¯n-\mWv Rm³ t]mIp-¶-Xv. Fsâ ISa \nÀh-ln¨tijw Xncn ¨p hcp-t¼mÄ XoÀ¨-bmbpw Rm³ \n§Ä ]dª {]Imcw Ipd¨p hn{i-ant¨ Xncn-¨p-t]m-Iq''. l\pam³ ]d-ª-{]-Imcw FÃmw Ign ªp Xncn-¨p-h-cp-t¼mÄ ssa\m-I¯n Iptdt\cw hn{i-an¨ tijamWv t]mb-Xv. ssa\m- I - ¯ nsâ kz- ` m- h - a m- ä s¯ t\m¡ns¡m- ­ n- c n- ¡ - b m- b ncp¶p C{µ³. At±-l-¯n\v kt´mj-am-bn. At±lw kt´m-j-t¯msS ssa\m-I-t¯mSp ]d-ªp. ssa\m-I-¯nsâ Cu kz-`m-hamäw Fs¶ hfsc kt´m-jn-¸n-¡p¶p. ""\n-t¶m-sS-\n¡v bmsXmcp hn tcm-[-hp-an-Ã. \n\-¡n-jvS-ap-ff Øe ¯v \o kz-X-{´-ambn Pohn-¨psImÄI''. ""{]t`m A§v Ft¶mSp £an-¨psh¶v tI« Rm³ Hcp-]mSv kt´mjn-¡p-¶p. F\n¡v thsdm-cn-S¯pw t]mtI-­. Cu kmK-csâ Øew Rm³ Hcp-]mSv kvt\ln-¡p-¶p. A hnSw hn«p Fhn-sSbpw t]mIm\njv Ss¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. Fs¶-s¡m­p F´p Bh-i-y-ap-s­-¦nepw Rm³ DSs\ F¯n B Imcyw \nÀh-ln-¨p-sImf-fmw. A§bv¡p \a-kvIm-cw''. ssa\mIw kmK-csâ IqsS kap{Z-¯n-te¡v XmWp-t]m-bn.

IhnX

Xm§mhtW!...

hn BÀ ]n

\n¶Sn¯mcn Rm³ Fs¶mê kq\ambv h¶SnªoSpw, A¶mfnet½! F¶Iw kwXr]vXn]qcnXambnSpw F³ \cP·w ^e§Ä NqSpw hìÅntednçSn]mÀ¡m³ ZpãXbvþ s¡mìanSat½ \ÂIêtX. \nìsS hÂke³ ]p{Xì t_m[tZ Fìta \obpta Xm§mhtW!

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

17


imkv{X-Iu-XpIw tUm kn Pn cma-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

C

sXgpXpt¼mÄ (2013 \hw _À 18) C³UybpsS A`n am\amb iq\ymImi t]S Iwþ awKÄbm³ (Mangalyaan) þ \ ½psS sNmÆmZuXy¯nsâ \nÀWm bIL«¯nse¯n \n¡pIbmWv. Ct¸mÄ AXv sNmÆbnte¡pÅ IpXn¸nsâ Hcp L«amb `q{`aWw \S¯ns¡m­ncn¡pIbmWv þ `qan bn \n¶v 192874 IntemaoäÀ AI e¯nepÅ Hcp ZoÀLhr¯{`aW ]Y¯nÂ. \hw_À 16 \mWv Cu L«¯nse¯nbXv. Cu {`aWw c­mgvNtbmfw XpScpw. ]n¶oSv, Un kw_À 1þmw XobXn, `qanbpsS B IÀjWhebw IS¶v sNmÆbnte ¡pÅ bm{X Bcw`n¡pw. XpSÀ¶v 9½ amkt¯mfw bm{XXs¶! 2014 sk]vXw_À 24þmw XobXn, t]SIw sNmÆm{Kl¯nsâ BIÀjWhe b¯n F¯pw. Cu almbm{Xbv¡v 323þ Hmfw Znhkw th­nhcpw. bm{X XpS§n bXv 2013 \hw_À 5 \v; sNmÆbpsS {`aWheb¯nse¯p¶Xv 2014 sk]väw_À 24 \v. BsI ]n¶nSp¶ Zqcw 78 tImSn IntemaoäÀ!

awKÄbm\nsâ e£y§sfs´ ÃmamWv? 1 C³UybpsS _lncmImikmt¦ XnI sshZKv[yw Hcp \nÀWmbI L«¯nte¡v DbÀ¯pI F¶Xm sWmcp e£yw. 2 iq\ymImi hnZqcXIfnÂt¸mepw hmÀ¯mhn\nabtijn ssIhcn ¡pI.

tUm sI cm[mIrjW³

18

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

-awKfbm\w

3 sNmÆbpsS D]cnXew ]T\hnt[ bam¡pI 4 sNmÆbnse A´co£s¯¸än Adnhp t\SpI. Cu sNmÆm ZuXy¯n\v BsI 460 tImSn cq] sNehmIpat{X! ]t£ ISRO sNbÀam³ tUm sI cm[mIrjW³ asämcp coXnbn emWv sNehp IW¡m¡p¶Xvþ 115 tImSn C³Uy¡mÀ Hmtcmcp¯cpw shdpw 4 cq] amän h¨m Cu XpI e`yamIpw! am{XaÃ, Npgen¡mäv ap³Iq«n {]hNn¡pI, `qKÀ`Pew FhnsSsbÃmw Ds­¶p I­p]nSn ¡pI, aÂkytiJc§fpsS Øm \w I­p]nSn¨v aÂkyIÀjIsc klmbn¡pI, IqSpX \à sSe t^m¬, sSenhnj³ kwhn[m\ §Ä Dd¸m¡pI apXemb At\I at\Iw KpW§Ä \½psS iq\ym ImiKthjW¯nsâ ^eambn \ap¡p In«ns¡m­ncn¡pIbm sW¶ Imcyhpw HmÀan¡pI asämcp Imcyw: CXpt]mepÅ ZuXy§Ä ¡p bqtdm¸pw Atacn¡bpw 1500 tImSntbmfw cq]bmWv sNehmIp ¶Xv þ \½psS sNehnsâ 3 Cc«n! am{XhpaÃ, sNmÆmZuXy¯nsâ sNehmb 460 tImSncq], \½psS 2013 þ 14 _Pänsâ (16,65,300 tImSn cq]) 0.028 iXam\w am{Xta hcq!

_À 14 \v t]SIw N{µsâ D]cnX e¯v "arZphmbn' Cd§n (Soft landing) `mcX¯nsâ {XnhÀW ]XmI AhnsS Øm]n¨p. BsI sNehv 386 tImSn cq]bmbncp¶p. C³Uybv¡p ap¼v Nt{µm]cnXe ¯nse¯n X§fpsS tZiob]Xm IIÄ Øm]n¨ cmPy§Ä aq¶p h³iànIÄ am{XamWv þ Ata cn¡, djy, P¸m³. `qanbn \n¶v N{µ\nte¡pÅ Zqcw Gähpw ASp s¯¯pt¼mÄ 356, 400 Intemao ädpw Gähpw AIsesb¯pt¼mÄ 406, 700 IntemaoädpamWv. (icmicn 381550 In ao) bm{Xbv¡p th­ka bw 23 Znhkw am{Xw. `qanbn \n¶v sNmÆbnte¡p Å Zqcw, ASps¯¯pt¼mÄ GI tZiw 5½ tImSn Intemaoädpw AI sesb¯pt¼mÄ 40 tImSn Intem aoädpamWv (icmicn 23 tImSn). bm {Xbv¡p GItZiw 236 Znhkw th ­nhcpw. C³UybpsS awKÄbm\n sâ sNehv 460 tImSn cq]bmsW ¶p apt¼ ]dªphtÃm. Nm{µbm\nsâbpw awKfbm\n sâbpw sNehpIÄ imkv{X]ptcm KXn¡pth­n hcp¶ sNehpI fmWv þ `mhnbnse A`nhr²n ¡pth­ \nt£]§fmWh.

Nm{µbm\pw awKÄbm\pw þ Hcp XmcXay]T\w 2008 HIvtSm_À 22 \v BWv C³Uy Nm{µbm³ hnt£]n¨Xv. 2008 \hw

hm¡jWw: Atacn¡, djy, bqtdm]y³ kvt]kv GP³kn F¶ aq¶v Iq«cmWv C³Uybv¡p ap¼v sNmÆm ZuXy§Ä \S¯n hnPbn ¨Xv.


KthjWcwKw tUm sF joP

]cnØnXn]T\¯nsâ coXnt`Z§Ä {]

IrXnbn \n¶p thdns«m cp \ne\nÂ]v a\pjy\n sö Xncn¨dnhmWv BZn aa\pjysâ {]IrXymcm[\bv¡Sn Øm\w. an¯pIfnepw {]]©¯n sâ ambnIiànbpÅ IYIfnepw A\pjvTm\§fnepw A[njvTnXam bHcp kwkvImchpw A¯c¯n cq]s¸«p. IrjnbpsS Is­¯tem SpIqSn a\pjy\n ImÀjnIaqey §fne[njvTnXamb ]pXnsbmcp kwkvImcw cq]s¸«pXpS§n. EXp ¡Ä amdnhcpt´mdpw `qanbpsS lcnXtNX\sb D±o]n¸n¡m\pw hn¯ns\ apf¸n¡m\pw th­n {] IrXymcm[\bpw A\pjvTm\§fpw th­nh¶p. Bcm[\bv¡pw Bcm [yiànIÄ¡pw aqÀ¯cq]hpw e`n¨p. A½ssZh§fpw ImhpIfpw cq]s¸«p. CXn a\pjysâ kuµ cyt_m[w IqSn IeÀ¶t¸mÄ Ah kmlnXy§fmbn. ssZhmcm[\bv ¡nSbn ]m«pw \r¯hpw Nn{Xsa gp¯pw Øm\w ]nSn¨p. `mcXob ]mc¼cya\pkcn ¨v thZ§fpw D]\nj¯p¡fpsa Ãmw {]IrXym\pkmcnIfmWv. CXn lmk§fnemIs« {]IrXnhÀW\ IfpsS [mcmfn¯hpw ZÀin¡mw. Pohsâ DdhnSamb Pew, AhXmc IYIÄ XpS§n {]IrXnZÀi¯ne [njvTnXamb ZmÀi\nI ImgvN¸mSp IÄ ]pcmW§fnepw D]\nj¯p ¡fnepw ZriyamWv.

]cnØnXn NqjWw IrjnbpsS Bcw`w a\pjysâ km ¼¯nI Ncn{X¯nse BZys¯ hgn¯ncnhmWv. ]mÝmXycpsS tIm f\oIcWhpw hn`h§fpsS Nqj Whpw ]cnØnXn\mi¯n\p hgn sbmcp¡n. {_mÒWss{IkvXhk apZmb§fpsS IS¶pIbähpw ]cn ØnXn\mi¯n\v ImcWambXmbn Nq­n¡mWn¡s¸«n«p­v. {^m³

knkv t_¡³, Z¡mÀs¯ XpS §nb Nn´IcmWv {]IrXnhncp² amb ]mÝmXyNn´bpsS ASn¯d ]mInbXv. imkv{Xob hniIe\§ fp]tbmKn¨v {]IrXnsb¡pdn¨pÅ Adnhpt\Snb a\pjy³ {]IrXnsb a\pjy]ptcmKXn¡mbn NqjWw sN¿m\pw IogS¡m\pw XpS§n. a\pjy\pth­nbmWv {]IrXnbn se hn`h§tfmtcm¶psa¶pw a\p jy\mWv FÃmänsâbpw tI{µ_n µpsh¶papÅ Z¡mÀs¯bpsSbpw aäpw ImgvN¸mSpw imkv{X¯nsâ \nÀtZim\pkcWw a\pjycmin H¶S¦w H¯ptNÀ¶v {]IrXnsb sNdp¯ptXmÂ]n¨v a\pjysâ C Ñmiàn¡v hnt[bam¡Wsa¶ t{^mbvUnsâ Blzm\hpw {]IrXn NqjW¯nte¡pw kz¯p Ip¶p Iq«m\pÅ hyànbpsS kzmÀYXm Â]cy§fnte¡pw hgn sXfn¨p. Xpd¶ hn]Wnbpw apXemfn¯hpw ]ndhnsbSp¯p. kmaqlnI]cnWmas¯ ap ³hn[ntbmsS ho£n¡pIbpw {]Xn ioÀjhcpam\w IqSpt¼mÄ ]ptcm KXnsb¶pw Asæn adns¨¶p apÅ Aht_m[w, kmt¦XnI ]cn Úm\w FÃm kmaqlnIXn·Isf bpw AÔamb hnizmk§sfbpw \in¸n¨v ]ptcmKXn km[yam¡p sa¶ [mcW, a\pjymhImi§Ä ¡pÅ IehdbmWv {]IrXn F¶p Nn´n¡p¶ \qX\amb km¼¯n Iimkv{Xw, ]pXnbXp am{Xta \à XpÅq F¶ k¦Â]w, C¶s¯ BhiyamWp {][m\sa¶pw `mhn ]cnKW\mÀlasöpapÅ kao] \w XpS§nbhsbÃmw ]cnØnXn sb _m[n¡p¶ {]XnIqe kmlN cy§fmbncp¶p. ]cnØnXnkuµcyimkv { Xw þ ]Ým¯ew hymhkmbnI hn¹ht¯msS Bcw

`n¨ It¼mfm[njvTnX km¼¯nI imkv{Xw ImÀjnIhr¯nsbt¸m epw `£Ww F¶ hyhØbn \n¶p \mWyhnfsb¶ k¦Â]¯n tebv¡p amän. H¸w h¶ \KcoIc Ww `qanbpsS BhmkhyhØsb ¯s¶ XInSw adn¡p¶ H¶mbn. ChnsS ]p¯³ km¼¯nI Nn´ {]IrXn¡p I\¯ BLmXambn amdnbt¸mÄ kmlnXymZnIeIfn eqsS {]Xn{]hÀ¯\amcw`n¨p. kaql¯n {]ISambn s¡m­ncn¡p¶ FÃm {]hWXI fpw Fgp¯pImcs\ kzm[o¡psa ¶Xn\m hÀ¯am\Ime PohnXm hØIfpsSbpw PohnXk¦Â] §fpsSbpw ]cntÑZamb kmlnXy ¯nepw AXnsâ {]hWXIÄ I­pXpS§n, A§s\ ]cnØnXn \mihpw. AXn\\p_Ôamb Nn´ IÄ¡p {]mapJyapÅ emhWyt_m [¯nsâ kÀKmßIamb Bhnjv Imcw {]ISam¡nb IeIfneqsS ]cnØnXn kuµcyimkv{Xw cq] s¸«p. `mcXobamb ImgvN¸mS\p kcn¨v FÃm kÀKiànIfpsSbpw DdhnSw {]IrXnbmWv. {]IrXnbn \nehnepÅ BZn{]cq]§fpsS ]p\-x{]IS\amWv a\pjysâ kÀK krjvSn. {]IrXnbpsS DÀhcXbneq sSbmWv hm¡pIfpsS \ne\n¸v. hm¡pIfneqsSbmWv kwkvImcw Dcp¯ncnbp¶Xv. hm¡pIfneqsS a {´cq]¯neqsS {]]©iànIsf t¸mepw DWÀ¯m³ Ignbpsa¶m Wv `mcXobk¦Â]w. GWÌv sF¡³ BZyambn ecology F¶ ]Zw {]tbmKn¨Xneq sS ]cnØnXn_ÔapÅ NÀ¨IÄ ¡v XpS¡ambn. PohPme§fpw AhbpsS ]cnØnXnbpw X½nepÅ _Ôs¯¸än ]Tn¡p¶ imkv{X imJbmWv Ct¡mfPn. kkyimkv {X]T\¯ntes¡mXp¡nb Ct¡m

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KthjWcwKw fPn F¶ ]Z¯n\v ]cnØnXn]T \w [mcmfw am\§Ä \ÂIn. P\ s¸cp¸w ]cnØnXn¡p hcp¯p¶ _m[yXIsf ASnØm\am¡nb P \kwJym]cnXØnXn ]T\w. ssP hcq]§Ä¡v ]cnØnXn hcp¯p¶ hyXnbm\§sf ASnØm\am¡nb "ssPh]cnWma]T\w', kmaqlnI amäs¯bpw ]cnØnXn {]XnIcW §sfbpw ASnØm\am¡nb "kmaqly]cnØnXn]T\w', kv{Xo IfpsS {]iv\§Ä¡pw ]cnØnXn tbmSpÅ kao]\§Ä¡pw X½n henbtXmXn kmZriy§fps­ ¶v hyàam¡p¶ "Ct¡ms^an \nkw' XpS§n ]cnØnXn ]T\ §Ä¡v ]eapJ§fp­v. ]cnØnXn kuµcyimkv{Xw ]cnØnXnt_m[w ]pXnb ImgvN ¸mSÃ. C¶s¯ kmt¦XnI hfÀ¨ bpambn XmcXays¸Sp¯n {]mNo\ \mfpIsf A]cnjvIrXsa¶p hn tijn¸n¡mw. {]mNo\Xbn ]cn ØnXn_ÔapÅ PohnXssien bpsS kmXznI`mh§Ä DÄs¡m ­ncn¡p¶p. AXn\m ]cnØnXn t_m[w ]pXnbXà ]gabpsS ]p\ Øm]\amWv. kmlnXymZnIeI fn A´Àeo\amb ]cnØnXnI _ÔapÅ emhWyt_m[w Is­ Sp¡emWv ]mcnØnXnI hnaÀi\ ¯nsâ e£yw. AXneqsS ]cn ØnXnsb ASnØm\am¡nbpÅ kuµcyimkv{Xhpw cq]s¸«p. 1974  tPmk^v ao¡dpsS The Comedy of Survival, studied in literary ecology F¶ {KÙ¯nemWv literary ecology F¶ ]Zw Ct¡m

{In«nknkw F¶Xn\v ]Icamb D]tbmKn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. a\pjysâ \ne\nÂ]ns\bpw PohnXs¯bpw kmlnXyw F§s\ kzm[o\n¡p ¶psh¶v Is­¯m³ km[n¡psa ¶pw ao¡À ]dbp¶p. 1978  hneyw dqt¡mÀ«v Literary and Ecology; on Experiment in Ecocritisisam F¶ ]T\¯n Ecocritisisam F¶ ]Zw BZyambn

D]tbmKn¨p. F¶n«pw sXm®qdpI fnemWv ]cnØnXn hnaÀi\w Hcp {]tXyIimJbmbn AwKoIcn¡ s¸«Xv. CXn\\p_Ôambn ]cn ØnXn ]T\s¯ ASnØm\am¡n kmlnXy¯nse kuµcykm[yX Isf hnebncp¯p¶ Imhy\ncq] W]²Xnbpw cq]s¸«p. kv{Xosb bpw `qansbbpw _Ôs¸Sp¯n s¡m­pÅ Ct¡ms^an\nkw, ]m cnØnXnI {]iv\§sfbpw kmwkv

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ImcnImwi§sfbpw DÄs¸Sp¯n s¡m­pÅ lcnXkmwkvImcnI \ncq]Ww {]IrXnsbbpw a\pjy sâ Hcp \nÀanXnbmbn I­psIm ­v A]\nÀamW¯nsâ kn²m ´§Ä Ct¡m{In«nknkhpambn _Ôs¸Sp¯nbpÅ ]T\km[yX IÄ XpS§nbh ]mcnØnXnI ]T\ ¯nsâ taJeIsf hn]peam¡n. ]mcnØnXnImht_m[w km lnXy¯n F§s\ {InbmßI ambn DÅS¡nbncn¡p¶psh¶ ]cn ØnXn hnaÀi\¯nsâ At\zj Ww ]mÝmXykmlnXy¯n ]pXn bXmsW¦nepw ]uckvXykmln Xy¯n CXn\p]g¡tasdbp­v. {ZmhnUkuµcyimkv{XhnNmc¯n  \qäm­pIÄ¡p ap³]pXs¶ ]m cnØnXnI hnaÀi\¯nsâ kzm[o \w {]ISamWv. sXm¡m¸nb ¯n Ipdn©n,apssÃ, ]msse, acp Xw s\bvX F¶p `q{]IrXnsb A©p XnWIfm¡n Xncn¨p. Imem hØbpw hr£eXmZnIfpw ]£n arKmZnIÄ XpS§nb ssPhcq]§ fpw Hmtcm{]tZis¯ a\pjyhnIm c§sf \nb{´n¡p¶ LSI§ fmWv. ]cnØnXnkuµcyimkv { Xw þ IrXnIfn kmlnXy¯n ]cnØnXnkuµcy imkv{Xw ]eXc¯nepw {]Xn^en ¡mw. Silent Spring F¶ td¨Â Igv ksâ IrXnbmWv ]mÝmXytem I¯v ]cnØnXn kw_Ôamb \nco£W§Ä¡p t{]cW \ÂIn bXv. Ipt´c XpS§nb \nch[n Fgp¯pImÀ {]IrXnbpambn _Ô s¸« cN\IÄ \S¯nv. ImfnZmkIr XnIÄ a\pjy\pw {]IrXnbpw X½n epÅ Bß_Ô¯nsâ DÂIrjvS amXrIIfmWv. aebmf¯n 1969  Sn ]ß\m`³ FgpXnb km£n F¶ IY ]cnØnXnkuµcyimkv {X¯nsâ BZyamXrIbmbn Nq­n ¡mWn¡s¸«p. AtX AhImiw D¶bn¡mhp¶ asämcp IrXnbmWv _jodnsâ `qanbpsS AhImin IÄ. kmlnXy¯nte¡v B[p\n IX IS¶ph¶t¸mgpw b{´h IcW\ncmk¯nsâ Awi§Ä AS§nbncps¶¦nepw GIinemcq ]amsbmcp LS\bmbncp¶nà AXn \p­mbncp¶Xv. {]IrXntbmSpw klPohnItfmSpw _Ôaät¸mÄ {]]©¯nse aZn¸n¡p¶ kuµcy §fpw aäpw B[p\nI³ ImWmsX t]mbn. F¶m D¯cm[p\nIkm lnXy¯n ]eXnepw kuµcyim

kv{X]camb anI¨ cN\IÄ Is­ ¯m\mIpw. A¿¸¸Wn¡À, Fw eoemhXn, H hn hnPb³, Bjmta t\m³, hnjvWp\mcmbW³ \¼q Xncn, Un hn\bN{µ³ XpS§nbh cpsS IrXnIfn {ZmhnU¯\nabn e[njvTnXamb ]cnØnXn kuµ cyw {]ISamWv. B\µnsâ ssZha \pjy³ F¶ IrXnbn a\pjytI {µnX Nn´bpsS ]cnanXnIsf \ncm Icn¡pt¼mįs¶ a\pjysâ hyXykvXXIsfbpw {]m[m\ys¯ bpw Xncn¨dnbp¶p. ZfnXv, Iogmf F¶n§s\ t]cpIfn¯s¶ ]mÀizoIcWw \S¯n amän \nÀ¯nbn«pÅ kmln XyIrXnIfnemWv ]cnØnXn ku µcyw IqSpX CXÄ hnSÀ¯p¶Xv. \mcmb³, sI ]m\qÀ, sI sP t__n F¶nhcpsS sIm¨tc¯n, tIcf¯nse B{^n¡, amthen aâw XpS§nb IrXnIÄ Gsdsbm ¶pw NÀ¨sN¿s¸Sm¯hbmWv. Cu cwK¯v Gsd NÀ¨ sN¿s¸Sm hp¶ asämcp IrXnbmWv hnXpc kp\ojv FgpXnb ]m{Xw DS¸mfn F¶ t\mhÂ. aebmf¯nse BZy s¯ ]cnØnXn t\mh F¶ hImis¸Sp¶ Cu IrXnbn Nm ¯³tImSv BZnhmkn taJebn se {]iv\§ÄNÀ¨ sN¿s¸Sp¶p. ]cnØnX kuµcyimkv{X]T\ §Ä kmlnXy¯n kuµcyimkv{X Nn´IÄ kPohamIp¶Xv 1980 IÄ ¡ptijamWv. aebmf¯nse B Zys¯ ]mcnØnXnI kuµcyim kv{XIrXnbmbn ]dbmhp¶Xv Sn ]n kpIpamcsâ {]IrXnbnte¡p aS §pI F¶ IrXnbmWv. dqtÊm bpsS kn²m´§fmWXn\m[mcw. `mcXob kwkvImc¯nse hm\{] Øhpw KmÔnb³ ZÀi\§fpw hm kvXphnZybpsS]mcnØnXnIkuµ cyhpw t]mepw Cu IrXn NÀ¨ sN ¿p¶p. "C\nta {]IrXnbnte¡p aSt§­Xnsâ Blzm\ambncn ¡Ww Ie \nÀhlnt¡­'sX¶v IrXn Blzm\w sN¿p¶p. Bjmtat\msâ ]pXnb \ncq]Ww kao]\§Ä, kmIey ¯nsâ {]kàn XpS§nbh Cu hIp¸nÂs¸Sp¯mhp¶hbmWv . Ct¡m s^an\nkhpambn _Ôs¸ Sp¯n ]n KoX cNn¨ I®mSnIÄ DSbv¡p¶sX´n\v, tZhZqXnIÄ amªpt]mhXv, tUm imcZ¡p«n bpsS ]mcnØnXnI kv{XohmZw XpS§nb IrXnIÄ Cu cwK¯v {it²bamWv.


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\¡me¯v, DSp¯ncn ¡p¶ ap­v H¶p s]m ¡n¸nSn¨mÂ, shůn IqSn \S ¶v A¡c ]ämhp¶ Hcp \Znbm WXv. A¡sc sN¶m hnimehn kvXrXamb aW¸pdw. AZ{`ip{`am b\oemImi¯n\p NphsS Ip«nIÄ Ifn¡m³ hcp¶Xpw Ipfn¡m³ hcp ¶Xpw kÔymthfIfnemWv. apcpI\pw jwkp±o\pw A{_ lmapw þ B \Znbnse Øncw Ipfn ¡mcmWv. AhcnÂ, Gähpw saen ª CuÀ¡nen¡p kam\amb ico cLS\sIm­p \S¡p¶ BfmWv apcpI³. XSn¨v, s]m¡w IqSnb B fmWv A{_lmw. jwkp±o\v s]m ¡w IpdhmsW¦nepw incÊn Ij­n Ibdnbncn¡bmWv! AhÀ B \Znbnse Øncw Ipfn ¡mcmWv. aeshÅ¡me¯pam{Xw AÂ]w _p²nap«p­v. \SIÄ ap §n, shÅw Icbnte¡v sXm«p sXm «nà F¶ a«n h¶p Ibdpw. hÀj Ime¯v B \Znbnse Ipfn AhÀ ths­¶p hbv¡pw.

]¼bmdn³Xoc¯v F¦nepw Nne Znhk§fn H¯pIqSn Hcp Ipfn¡papXncpw. \Zn ¡¡sc Icn¼n³ tXm«§Ä apgp h³ shůn ap§n¡nS¡p¶ XpImWmw. sXm«¸pd¯v ]\ac¡q «§fpsS Igp¯phsc shÅw F¯nbncn¡pw. ]Xnhpt]mse, FSp¯pNmSm³ ]änb ]cph¯neà ]pgsb¦nepw, ]pgtbmSSp¯t¸mÄ A{_lmw ]d ªp. Rm³ Ct¸mÄ NmSpw! ""Rm³ Ct¸mÄ NmSpw'' F¶v. Xami¡m tWm Kuch¯nemtWm AXp ]d ªsX¶v AdnªpIqSm. ""Rm³ Ifn]dªXÃ. Cu aeshÅw I­t¸mÄ, AXnsem¶p ap§n¨mSn Ipfn¨mse´m Fs¶mcp tXm¶Â'' A{_lmw AXp ]dbepw, sh ůnte¡v Hcp Nm«w NmSepw H¸w Ignªp. jwkp±osâ a\Ên Hcp s]m«ns¯dn. apcpI³ krjvSnIÀ ¯mhmb Cuizct\mSp {]mÀYn¨p sIm­p\n¶p. A{_lmw A\phÀ¯n¨ kml knIX AXpeyhpw A\p]ahpam bncp¶p. aeshÅw IpXn¨pIbdn s¡m­ncn¡p¶p. apcpI\pw jwkp ±o\pw ""HmSnhmtb... thKw HmSnhm tb'' F¶p apdhnfn Iq«n. £W ¯n AhnSw BfpIsfsIm­v \ndªp. ]ecpw FSp¯pNmSm³ Hcp§n. ]ecpw h©nIÄ sIm­p h¶p. iànbmb ASn Hgp¡pw Npgn Ifpw shůneqsS ]e acs¡m ¼pIfpw HgpInhcp¶p. A{_lmw shůn\Snbn im´\mbn Ccn¡bmWv. krjvSn bpsS c­mwZnhkw ssZhw Acpfn sNbvXXv A{_lmw \ZnbpsS Hgp ¡n Ccp¶psIm­v HmÀ¯p. ""shŧfpsS at[y Hcp Iam\w D­mIs«. B Iam\w shÅs¯ shůn \n¶v thÀXncn¡s«'' A{_lman\v F§s\bmWv DÂ] ¯nsb¡pdn¨pÅ Cu thZ]mTw HmÀah¶Xv? A{_lman\v Ct¸mÄ IcIbd Wsa¶v tXm¶n. ]t£ Hgp¡nsâ

iàn Xm§m³ Bhp¶nÃ. \Zn¡cbn \n¡p¶ A{_ lmansâ kplr¯p¡Ä XpSsc¯p Ssc {]mÀYn¨psIm­ncn¡bmWv. s]s«¶v AIse ]mds¡«pI fpsS apIfnÂ, A{_lmansâ ssI IÄ DbÀ¶phcp¶Xp I­p. AXn thKw Ah Xmgv¶pt]mIbpw sN bvXp. h©nIfpambn h¶hÀ Ct¸mÄ At§m«p ]mªp. AhÀ ]mds¡ «pIÄ¡v ASp¯v F¯p¶Xn\p ap¼v Hcp {]mhiyw IqSn A{_lm ansâ ssIIÄ DbÀ¶ph¶p. DS³ Hcp h©nImc³ shůnte¡v NmSn. ]md¡q«¯nte¡p \o´n, AhnsS ap§n. "ssZh¯n³ a\amcpI­p' h ©n¡mc³ A{_lmant\bpw DbÀ ¯n¸nSn¨psIm­v h¶ncn¡p¶p! At¸mÄ sXm«Sp¯ ]Ånbn \n¶pw XpSsc¯pSsc aWnapg§p ¶Xp tI«p. ASp¯pÅ KW]Xn tImhnen \n¶pw {]mÀY\mKoXw apg§n. apÉow ]Ånbn \n¶pw _m¦phnfnIÄ tI«p. AÅmlp AIv_À A{_lmans\ ASp¯pÅ B ip]{Xnbnente¡v sIm­pt]mbn, kvs]jy ]cnNcW§Ä¡mbn. tUmIvSÀamÀ FÃmhcpw A{_lm ans\ ]cntim[n¨p. AÂ`pXIcw! AÂ`pXIcw!! FÃm Ahbh§fpw IrXyambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶p. A{_lmapw apcpI\pw jwkp±o \pw ]ns¶bpw ]ns¶bpw I­pap«n; ap«nt¨À¶p; tNÀ¶p \S¶p. {Kojvaw h¶p, {Kojvaw t]mbn. ssiXyw h¶p; ssiXyw t]mbn. acpI³, Ct¸mÄ Xsâ tPmenbn \n¶v dn«bÀ sNbvXncn¡bmWv. jw kp±o³ kmaqlyþ kmwkvImcnI þ tkh\cwK§fn {]hÀ¯n¡p ¶p. A{_lmw P\tkh\¯nsâ hoWbpw ao«n sXcphpIÄ tXmdpw ]mSn \S¡p¶p. Ct¸mÄ, AhÀ Hcpan¨v Ipfn¨n cp¶ \Zn c­mbn ]ncnªncn¡ bmWv. ]pg¯ocs¯ Hcp h³ B acw acs¡m¼pIfn XfnÀsXm¯p

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

21


IY IÄ Xe \o«n Xmfw XpÅp¶p. sIm Ãw tXmdpw {]IrXn ]pXphkv{X §Ä AWnªpsIm­ncn¡p¶p. "ImeaXnsâ I\¯ Icw sIm­p eoebmsem¶p ]nSn¨p Ipep¡n bm ]mtS]Xdns¡mgnªpt]mw {_Òm WvU ]mZ]¸q¡fmw Xmc§Ä IqSnbpw...' ImeN{Iw ]ns¶bpw Dcp­pcp ­pt]mbn. \o­ shůmSnbpw Imhnhkv{X§fpw [cn¨ A{_lm an\v Ct¸mÄ aebpsS apIfnse¯ Wsa¶mWv þ i_cnaebnÂ. {hXm \pjvTm\§Ä apS¡w IqSmsX \S ¯ns¡m­ncn¡p¶p. A{_lman sâ Nn´Ifn henb amä§Ä h¶ncn¡p¶p. i_cnKncoi\mWv F¶pw ap¼nÂ. aX§Äthsd th sd, F¶m Cuizchnizmkw H¶p! a\Ênsâ sskzcyw \jvSs¸ «m AXv hos­Spt¯ Xocq. AXn \v Cuizcm`napJyw IqSntbXocq. amZIa[pcamb buh\¯n \n¶v, hmÀ[Iy¯nsâ Cgªp\o§p¶ emfnXy¯nte¡v Ct¸mÄ B aq¶p kplr¯p¡fpw F¯nbncn¡bm Wv. AhÀ ]ckv]cw I­nap«nbn«v hÀj§Ä ]eXpIgnªp. im´n, im´nbmWv C\n AhÀ¡pth­Xv! ]¼bmdn³ Xoct¯¡v aq¶p t]cptSbpw a\Êv H¸w XncnªXv Hcp hn[nssh]coXyw Xs¶! Cu izc\nÝbw!! Ct¸mÄ AhÀ aqhcpw ]dbp ¶Xv H¶p Xs¶. kwkmcn¡p¶Xv H¶mWv. Nn´n¡p¶Xv H¶mWv. aqhcpw kab\njvT IrXyambn ]men¡p¶p. {hXm\pjvTm\¯n \n¶pw e`n¨ ]cnioe\w sIm­m hmw. AhcpsS aq¶pt]cptSbpw

hmÀ¯

Kk kÔy HmÀaIfpsS kulrZ\nanj¯n A[c¯nÂ\n¶pw AdnbmsX AS À¶p hoWpt]mIp¶ tidpIfpambn aebmf KkÂKm\ hoYnbntebv¡v ]pXnb Hcp bm{XnI³ Ihn PbN {µ³ sImbv¸ffn; At±lw Xs¶ aebmf¯n FgpXnb KkepIÄ ÌmNyp Xmbv\mSv lmfn AhXcn ¸n¡p¶p.

22

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

lrZba\ÊpIÄ kvt\l¯nsâ kpZrVamb Hscmä¨cSn sI«s¸ «XmbnXoÀ¶p. tXmfn `mWvUhpw Xebn CcpapSns¡«pambn, ]¼m\ZnbpsS Xoc¯v F¯nt¨À¶ AhÀ Ahn sS Iym¼v ASn¨p. AIse Ing¡v i_cnae. hrÝnIw H¶v. AXm, ]mXncm{Xnbn Cfw ImäneqsS Hcp Km\w HgpInhcp¶p. AhcpsS IÀW]pS§fn AXp X§p¶p. tbipZmknsâ Km\w. ""icWa¿¸m, kzmanicWa¿¸m i_cnKncn\mYm, kzman icW a¿¸m'' Km\[mcbpsS Hgp¡p\ne¨ t¸mÄ, {io\mcmbWKpcphnsâ ""Hcp PmXn, Hcp aXw, Hcp ssZhw a\pjy\v'' F¶ Nn´miIew Ah cpsS a\ÊpIfn s]m§n. AtXm sS PmXn Nn´ tXªpamªp t]mbn. ""shfp¸n\v aWn \mep Ignªn cn¡p¶p. C\n \aps¡mcpan¨v aeIbäw.'' aqhcpw ]dªp. ""kzmantbicWw!'' ""kzmantbicWw!'' `mWvUs¡«pIÄ tXmfnte´n aqhcpw aeapIfnte¡p t\m¡n. ae Ibdn. IÃpw, NnÃpw, ]mds¡«pIfpw \ndª, Ip­pw IpgnbpapÅ ]mX IfneqsS \S¶v, amXmNÀ¨nsâ s\m th\bn ]¦psIm­v, apÉow aPv enÊn {]mÀYn¨v, t\tc ]Xns\«mw ]Snbnte¡v þ s]m³aebpsS apIfn se¯n. \mÂ]XpZnhks¯ {hXm\pjv Tm\¯n\p tijw tXmfn `mWvU hpw incÊn CcpapSns¡«pta´n,

A¿¸`à³amÀ i_cnaebnte¡v HgpIns¡m­ncp¶ ImgvN, I®n\p IÀ¸qc Zo]w sXfn¡p¶Xpt]mse bmWv. sImïn Hcn¡Âam{Xw kw`hn¡p¶ ImgvN. GsXÃmw hgnIfnÂIqSn, F§s\ Npän¯ncn ª bm{Xsb¶v I­dntªXocq. shfp¸m³ Ime¯mWv \SXp d¸v. A¿¸sâ kzÀWhn{Klhp ambn i_cnaet£{Xw Xpd¡pw. ]Xns\«mw]Sn Ibdn kzÀWhn{K lw {]XnjvTn¡pw. aqSÂaªn ap§nb i_cn ae. AZ{`ip{`amb iq\ymImiw t]mse tXm¶n¨p. {]fbPe[nbn s]m§n¡nS¡p¶ Hcp s]«Iw t]m se tXm¶n i_cnKncn... s]s«¶v am\w sXfnªp. BImi¨cphn at\mlcamb amcnhnÃv amdn amdn ImWp¶p...Ft¸mgmWmthm tZh temIIhmSw Xpd¶v, [ÀaimkvXm hnsâ A\p{KlminÊpIÄ `qanbn te¡p s]mgn¡p¶sX¶v A{_ lmw Im¯psIm­ncn¡bmWv. ]Xns\«mw ]Sn Ibdn, X{´n IÄ, A¿¸sâ kzÀWhn{Klw {] XnjvTn¡p¶p. X¦kqtcymZb¯n sâ ImgvN At¸mgmWv. {]XnjvT Ignªt¸mÄ AhÀ aqhcpw ssIIÄ tImÀ¯p]nSn¨p sIm­v aebnd§n ]¼bmän³ Xoc s¯¯n. t\cw shfp¯p. ]I h¶p. ]I t]mbn. cm{Xnbmbn. ssiXyw h¶p. ssiXyw t]mbn. AhÀ Dd§pIbmWv. ]¼mXo c¯p \n¶pw AhÀ FWoänÃ. Bgv NIÄ, amk§Ä, hÀj§Ä \o­p t]mbn. ]¼m\Zn ]eh«w IcIhn sªmgpIn. ]ns¶bpw HgpIn...


Fw sI cma-N-{µ-\p-ambn kw`m-jWw kz´w teJ-I³

I

cn-¦-ÃnÂhnS-cp¶ IhnX

F Un 920  cmP-m-km-ln_vhÀa-\m Wv N¼ cmP-hwiwØm]n-¨Xv. kp µ-cn-bmb aIÄ N¼m-h-Xn-bpsS \mat[-b-¯n \n¶mWv Cu cmP-hw-i¯n\v N¼ F¶ t]À At±lw \ In-b-Xv. amdn-am-dn-h¶ cmP-hw-i-§ fpw cmPm-¡-·mcpw N¼-bpsS ka-{Kamb ]ptcm-K-Xn-¡p-th­n A£o Ww bXv\n-¨p. A¡m-e¯p \nÀan¨ inh-þ-ssh-jvWh t£{X-§Ä PnÃbpsS ]e `mK-¯mbn C¶pw {]u VntbmsS \ne-\n¡p-¶p. kap-{Z\n-c-¸n \n¶v 3300 ASn am{Xw Db-c¯nÂØnXnsN¿p¶ Cu Øew Bßo-b-Xbpw ]gabpw \ho-\-]ptcm-K-Xnbpw CS-I-eÀ¶p-In-S-¡p¶ Hcp {]tZ-i-am-Wv. N¼-bnse {]ikvX-amb e£vao-\m-cm-bW t£{X kap-¨-b-¯n ZÀi\w \S¯naS§p-t¼mÄ Fw sI cma-N-{µ³ hnkv a-bm-[o-\-\m-bn-t¸m-bn. "Icn¦ÃnÂI hnXhncn-bn-¡pI' F¶ {]tbmKw C hnsS A£-cmÀY¯n {]mtbm-KnI-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. {]Ir-Xn-bpsS t\tc-bp-ff ssI tbäw N¼bnÂ\n¶v 90 In.-ao-äÀ AIse

24

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

InS-¡p¶ {_tÒm-dn-te-¡p-ffhgn a\-Êns\ `b-hn-l-z-e-am-¡p¶ ]mXbm-Wv. lnam-e-b-¯nsâ ]e `mK¯mbnInS-¡p¶ AXn-ZpÀL-S-amb ae-¼m-X-I-fnÂIqSn k©-cn-¨n-«p-ff Fw sI cmaN{µ\v CsXmcpthdn« A\p- ` - h - a mbntXm¶n- b n- s Ã- ¦ nepw aäp-f-f-hÀ¡v Hcpap¶-dn-bn¸p-\ÂIp¶Xv \¶m-bn-cn-¡p-sa¶vtXm¶p-¶p. DbÀ¶ ae-a-S-¡p-I-fn-eqsSNpän¡-d§nIb-dn-t¸m-Ip¶ ]mXbv¡v hoXnhfscIpd-hm-Wv. Xmsg AKm-[ambae-a-S-¡p-I-fn-eqsS cmhn-\-Znþ kwlm-c-cp-{Z-bmbnHgp-Ip-¶p. FXn tchcp¶ hml-\-§Ä¡vhgn sImSpt¡­nhcp-t¼m-gmWv bYmÀY-{]iv \w DS-se-Sp-¡p-¶-Xv. Pe-ssh-Z-ypX ]²-Xn-I-fpsS \nÀamWw]e-`m-K-§fnepw \S-¡p-¶-Xn-\m henbhml\-§Ä FXnsch¶m sNdp-hm-l\-§Ä ]nt¶m-s«-Sp-¡p-Itb \nÀhml-ap-f-fq. AKm[ambXmgvh-c-bpsS Hmc-¯p-IqSn ]e-t¸mgpw Ac-In-temao-ä-tdmfw hml\w ]nt¶m-t«m-Sn-¡p¶-Xnsâ {]mtbm-KnI _p²n-ap«v F{X hep-Xm-sW¶v Duln-¡m-hp-¶tX-bp-f-fq. \nÀamW {]hÀ¯-\-§fpsS `mK-ambn Cu {]tZ-is¯ Icn¦Âssie-§-fn \S-¯p¶ kv t^mS-\-§Ä aäp ]Àh-X-§sf ZpÀ

_-e-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\m ae-bn-Sn-¨n km[m-c-W-am-Wv. ]e-t¸mgpw tdmUv H¶-S¦w CSnªv \Zn-bn ]Xn-¡p¶-Xn-\m ct­m-aqt¶mZnhkw ap gp-h³ hgn-bn X-t§-­n-h-cpw. hn tZ-in-I-fmb t{]mPIvSvamt\-PÀamÀ C¯cw kµÀ`-§-fn cwK-s¯¯n tdmUnsâ ]p\À\nÀam-W-¯n\v t\ Xr-Xzw \ÂIp¶p F¶-XmWv GIB-i-zm-kw. ae-a-S-¡p-I-fn {Kma-§-fp-­v. Ip¯s\ \n¡p¶ ]Àh-X-\n-c-Ifm-b-Xn-\m Irjn sN¿m³ kuIcyw Ipd-hm-Wv. F¦nepw ]äp-¶n-Ss¯ÃmwIrjn-bn-d-¡p-¶p-­v. \m ¡m-en-Isf hfÀ¯n-bmWv ChÀ h cp-am\w D­m-¡p-¶-Xv. ]ip, Fcpa, sN½-cn-bmSv, tImhÀ¡-gpX F¶o arK-§Ä Ip¯-s\-bp-ff ae-a-S-¡pI-fnepw Iq«-t¯msS taªp-\n ¡p-¶Xv HcpImgvN-bm-Wv. ]m hn-]W\w sNbvXpw I¼nfn\qÂhnä-gn ¨pw ChÀ hcp-am-\-ap-­m-¡p-¶p. Jcm-apJv, emlÄ F¶osIm¨p {Km a-§Ä ]n¶n«vNlm\n {Kma-¯n F¯n-b-t¸mÄ Fw sI cma-N-{µ\pw kplr¯pw `£Ww Ign-¡m-\mbn HcpVm_-bnÂIb-dn. `q]o-µÀ tcm«n bpw ]cn-¸p-I-dnbpw Ign-¨-t¸mÄ A t±lw Nmbbpw _nkv¡äpw Ign¨v


Fw sI cma-N-{µ-\p-ambn kw`m-jWw Xr]vX-\m-bn. ]cn-ip-²-amb ]mensâ ta³a sIm­mImw Nmb H¶m-´-cam-bn-cp-¶p. aWn-a-tljvssIem-k¯n-te¡p- t]mIp-¶-h-cm-sW-¶-dnª-t¸mÄ Vm_m-¡m-c³ s\än-Np-fn¨p. Cu ka-b¯vbm{X AX-y´w A ]-I-S-I-c-am-sW¶v _nbm-kvtZhv {] [m³ F¶ Vm_m-¡m-c³ ]d-ªp\nÀ¯n. lnam-\n-IÄ Dcp-In-¯-o-cm¯-Xn-\m ]IpXnhgn-sb-¯p-t¼m ÄXncnsI t]mtc-­n-h-cpw. B«n-S-b-·m-cmbK±n-IÄ c­pZn-hkw ap¼v HcpkwLwK±nIÄ CXphgnh¶n-cp-¶p. aWn-atljvssIem-k-bm-{X-bnse BZ-y s¯ Iym¼v Bb Um³sNm F¯p¶-Xn-\p-ap¼v Hcp ]Sp-Iq-ä³ lnam\n XSÊw krjvSn-¨p-sIm­vInS-¡p-¶psh-¶mWv AhÀ ]d-ª-Xv. hfsc ]Xps¡ am{Xta A-XpNen-¡p-¶pf-fq-h-t{X. Ch-cpsS \mep sN½-cnbm-Sp-IÄ lnam-\n-bpsS hnf-f-en A{]-X-y-£-am-bn. apI-fn-em-sW-¦n aªp-a-e-IÄIq«-t¯msS CSn-ªpho-gp-¶p-s­¶pw AhÀ ]d-ªp. P ·m-jvSanka-b¯p-hcp-¶-XmWvbm {Xbv¡p- \Ã-sX¶pw Vm_m-¡m-c³ ]d-ªp. lnam-e-b-¯nÂI­p-h-cp¶ B «n-S-b-·m-cpsS hÀK-amWv K±n-IÄ. B «n³]-ä-§sf ta¨p-sIm­v \mtSm-SnI-fmbn ChÀ k©-cn-¡p-¶p. Hcp am k-¯n-e-[nIw Hcp-Ø-e¯pw X§mdnÃ. kIp-Spw-_-am-Wvk©m-cw. Iq Sm-c-¯ntem Kpl-bntemBWv Xmakw. hnZ-ym-`-ym-k-¯n H«pwXmÂ] c-y-an-Ã. lnam-e-b-¯nse Hmtcm ap¡pw aqebpw kp]cnNnXam-b-Xn\m ae-I-b-ä-¡mÀ Chschgn-Im-«nI-fmbnsIm­p-t]m-Im-dp-­v. K±nIÄ s]mXpthkpap-J-cmWv, AXnep-]cnhni-z-kvX-cp-am-Wv. K±nFs¶mcn\w \mbv¡fpwlnam-e-b-¯n-ep-­v. {_Òm- h nsâBØm- \ - a mb {_ tÒmÀ \mepa-Wn-¡p-ap-¼mbn cma-N-{µ\pw kplr¯pw {_tÒm-dn-se-¯n. BÀ j-Ir-Xn-I-fn {_tÒm-dn-s\-¡p-dn¨v [mcmfw ]cm-aÀi-§Ä D­v. ]pcmW-§-fn ]d-bp¶ {_Ò-]pcnbmWv ]n¶oSv {_tÒmÀ Bbnamdn-b-Xv. amXm-hn-ti-z-i-z-cn-bpsS (amXm {_ÒnWn) AYhm aqe-{]-IrXnbmb PKZw-_n-I-bpsSkm¶n-[-yhpw ChnsS D ­m-bn-cp-¶-Xmbnhni-z-kn-¡p-¶p. a lm-`m-c-X-bp-²-¯n-\p-tijw {io]-cta-i-z-c\pw ]mÀh-Xo-tZ-hnbpw {ioIrjvW\pw amXm-hn-ti-z-i-z-cnsb kµÀ in- ¡ p- ¶ - X n- \ p- t h­n {_Ò- ] p- c n-

bnÂF¯n. Ipcp-t£-{X-¯n \n ¶p-ff \h-\mYv km[p kwL¯nse 84 kn²-tbm-Kn-Ifpw Chsc A\p-K-an-¨p. bp²-¯n ac-W-a-S ª e£-¡-W-¡n\p {]P-IÄ¡v imi-z-X-amb tam£-amÀKw F´msW¶v amXm-hn-ti-z-i-z-cn-tbmSv Bcmbm-\mWv ChÀ F¯n-b-Xv. aWn-atl-jn t]mbnacn-¨-hÀ¡mbn _ en-bn-Sm-\mWv amXmhv D]-tZ-in-¨-Xv. a³-þ-ln-þ-a-tljv BWv ]n¶oSv aWnatljv BbXv. {_Ò-]p-cn-bp sS hS-¡p-`m-K-¯p-ff D¯pw-K-irw-K¯n\p Xmsg-bp-ff aWn-a-tljvXSmI-¯n {ioIr-jvW-`-K-hm³ ]tcXÀ¡p-th­n _en-IÀa-§Ä \S¯n. Ct¸mgpwP·m-jvSanka-b¯v Chn-tS¡p- XoÀY-bm{X \S-¯p-¶Xnsâ ImcWw CXm-Wv. AXv cm[mjvSanhsc \o­p-\n¡pw. inh-þ-]mÀhXnaWn-a-tl-jn ZoÀL-Imew X]-Ê-\p-jvTn-¨-Xn-\m aWn-a-tljv ssIemkw F¶ t]cpw h¶p. aWna-tljvXSm-I-¯n\v "inhvItcm{Xn XmÄ'F¶pw t]cp-­v. ]©-ssI-emk-¯nÂs¸« aWnatljv ssIem k]Àh-X-\n-c-I-fn ]e-Ø-e¯pw ]c-a-in-h³ X]-Êp-sN-bvXn-«p-­v. kzÀK-{]m-]vXn-¡p-ffØew kzÀK{]m-]vXn-¡p-ff tI{µ-Øm\w Chn-sS-bm-sW-¶mWv hni-zm-kw. acW-¯nsâ A[n-]-\mbba-cm-Pm-hn sâbpw At±-l-¯nsâ klmbn Nn{X-Kp-]vXsâbpw BØm\w ChnsS-bm-Wv. Cu HmÀa \ne-\nÀ¯p-¶Xn\v ChÀ¡mbn Hcp t£{X-ap-­v. `mc-X-¯n asäm-cn-S¯pw C¯cw Hcp t£{X-ap-f-f-Xmbn Adn-hn-Ã. acW- ¯ n- \ p- t ijw Bßm- ¡ Ä¡v sshX-c-Wo- \Zn IS-¶p-t]m-tI-­-Xns\-¸än ]pcm-W-§-fn hnkvX-cn-¡p¶p-­v. AXn-\p-th-­n-bmWv ac-Wk-a-b¯v tKmZm\w sN¿p-¶-Xv. sshX-c-Wo-\Zn C¶pw {_tÒmdn D­v. ba-cm-Pm-hnsâ t£{X¯n\p Xmsg-bp-ff Kplm-amÀKw B ßm-¡Ä¡p-ff hgn-bm-sW¶pw hn i-z-kn-¡p-¶p. h\-hm-k-Im-e¯v amÀ ¡-WvtU-b-ap\n bp[n-jvTnc-t\mSv C tX-¡p-dn¨p ]d-bp-¶p-­v. alm-`mcXw h\-]Àh-¯n CXp kw_Ôn¨ hni-Zo-I-cWw ImWmw. ""aÀXyÀ¡v ba-tem-I-t¯¡p t]m tI­amÀKw F¬]- X n- \ m- b ncw tbmP-\-bm-Wv. AXmWv a\p-j-y-temI-hp-am-bp-ff A´-cw. B amÀKw BIm-ihpw shf-fhpw CÃm-¯Xpw D{K-h\w t]mse AÔ-Imcw \ndª-Xp-am-Wv. IpSn-bn-S-§-sfm-¶p-anÃ. ba-Zq-X-·mÀ, ba-IÂ]-\-bm _e-

ambn ]nSn-¨p-sIm-­p-h-cp¶ a\p-j-y À¡vamÀKt¢iw XoÀ¡m³ bmsXm cp \nÀhm-l-hp-anÃ. ]t£ Pohn-¨ncp¶ Ime¯v \m\m-a-«n Zm\-[Àa§Ä sNbv X n- « p- f - f - h - c m- s W- ¦ n AhÀ¡v ]e-hn-[-¯n-ep-ff B{i-b§Ä e`n-¡pw.'' `oXnP-\-I-amb Cu Xpc- ¦ - ¯ n- e q- s S- b mWv B ßm- h nsâ bm{X. \h-\mYv km[p kwL-¯nse kn²-tbm-Kn-IÄ Cu t£{X-k-ap-¨b-¯n ZoÀL-Imew Xma-kn-¨n-cp¶p. Ch-cp-sSbpw aä-t\Iw t{ijvT-þE- j n- þ - a p\nþ- k \- y m- k n- a m- c p- s Sbpw km¶n-[yw C¶pw {_tÒ-mdn Ds­-¶mWv hni-zm-kw. 84 kn²-tbmKn-IÄ hkn-¨n-cp-¶ - -Xp-sIm­v Cu Øes¯ "Nucmkn'F¶pw Adn-bs¸-Sp-¶p. C¶s¯ {_tÒmÀ kap-{Z-\n-c-¸n \n¶pw GXm­v H³ ]-Xn-\m-bncw ASn Db-c-¯n-emWv {_tÒmÀ. Ft§m«p t\m¡n-bmepw N{I-hm-fs¯ Npw_n-¨p-\n¡p¶ ]Àh-X-\n-c-IÄ. CSp-§nbKÃn-IÄ, hoXn-Ip-dª tdmUp-IÄ. {][m\ A§m-Sn-bpsS Xnc-¡n \n¶p ap t¶m-«p-t]m-bm {_tÒm-dns\ \b\m-`n-cm-a-amb {]Ir-Xn-ku-µ-cyw B k-z-Zn-¡mw. Nw¼ F¶ tKm{X-kw-c£W {]tZ-i-¯mWv Cu Øew. tKmX¼v, sabvkv, Dcp-f-¡n-g§v F¶nh h³tXm-Xn IrjnsN¿p¶p-­v. ]¨-¡-dn-Ifpw [mcm-f-ap-­v. adp-`m-Ks¯ DbÀ¶ {]X-e-¯n apgp-h\pw B¸nÄ ac-§Ä BWv. Bbn-c-t¯mfw IpSpw-_-§Ä am{X ta ChnsSXma-kn-¡p-¶p-f-fq. ¹kvSp hscbpff hnZ-ym-`-ymkkuI-cyw e `yw. sNdnbkÀ¡mÀ Bip-]-{Xnbpw c­p tUmIvSÀamcpw D­v. P\-§Ä s]mXpthkam-[m\-{]nb-cm-Wv. k©m-cn-IÄ¡p- ]-änb tlm«-ep-IÄ Chn-sS-bn-Ã. Hcpamkt¯mfw \o­p-\n¡p¶ P·m-jvS anka-b¯v {Kmao-WÀ X§-fpsS hk-Xn-I-fn XoÀYm-S-IÀ¡v Xam-kku-I-cyw Hcp-¡n-s¡m-Sp-¡p-¶p. C ¡m-e¯v ]e-hn-[-¯n-ep-ff I¨-h-S§Ä sNbvXpw ChÀ ]W-ap-­m-¡p¶p. aªp-Im-e¯v \mtem At©m ASn I\-¯n aªphogm-dp-­v. Npäp-ap-ff ]Àh-X-\n-c-I-fn C¡me¯v "Ahem³jv ' hoinb- S n- ¡ p¶Xpw amc-I-ambhn[-¯n lna¡mäv Bª-Sn-¡p-¶Xpw ]Xn-hm-Wv. CXpaqe-ap-­m-Ip¶ ac-W-§fpw \m i-\-jvS-§fpw ChÀ \nÊ-lm-bw Gäp-hm-§p-¶p. (Xp-S-cpw)

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

25


teJ\w sI Pn _n \mbÀ

{io

]Zv a \m`kzmanbpsS X«Iw F¶dnbs¸«n cp¶ Xncph\´]pcw ]gh·mÀ¡v Xncpht´mcw Bbncp ¶p. ambmsX a\Ên X§n\n ¡p¶ ]gabnse Nne Xncpht´m cw ImgvNIÄ ChsS Ipdn¡mw.

Xncph\´]pcw \Kc¯nse cm{XnIme hgnhnf¡pIÄ Fsâ P·Øeamb h©nbqcnse XdhmSv hoSnsâ aq¶phihpw apSp ¡pIÄ Bbncp¶p. CShgnIÄ X s¶. A¶v Cu hgnIfn {]Imiw ]c¯m³ sshZypXZo]§fnÃ. B sIbpÅXv ]¯Sntbmfw s]m¡w hcp¶ hnf¡pac¯nepÅ as®® dm´Â hnf¡pIfmWv. \Kck`m Poh\¡mcmWv hnf¡v I¯n¡p ¶Xv. C¶s¯ sI Fkv C _n Poh\¡msct¸mse kÔybmbm ^yqkpambn sXcphphnf¡v I¯n ¡m³ ssk¡nfnepw ss_¡nepw Aà AhÀ h¶ncp¶Xv. Hcp ssI bn as®®¸m«bpw atässIbn GWnbpw ImWpw. hnf¡pImen GWnNmcn AhÀ Ibdpw. dm´Â hnf¡n Ipd¨p as®® Hgn¡pw. dm´Âhnf¡nsâ I®mSns]m¡n Xos¸«nbpc¨v XncnI¯n¡pw. hnf

26

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

Xncpht´mcw ¡nsâ I®mSn ]et¸mgpw Idp¯n cn¡pw. apgph³ ]pIbpw Icnbpw. sNdnb Ac­shfn¨w \ÂIp¶ hnf¡v. GWnbpsS apIfnencp¶p sIm­v AbmÄ Nnet¸mÄ hnfn¨p tNmZn¡pw ""A½¨o, Ipd¨v as® ® _m¡nbp­v. FSp¡s«.'' km[m cW amkhkm\§fn Imin\pap «phcpt¼mfmWv AbmÄ C§s\ hnfn¨p tNmZn¡p¶Xv. as®® A¡mew In«m¡\nbm bncp¶p. AXpImcWw A½q½ Ip¸n FSp¯psImSp¡pw. AbmÄ kq£vaXsbmsS Ip¸nbnte¡v a s®® ]Icpw. ImÂIp¸nImWpw. ""F´pthWw i¦q?'' ""c­W.'' AfhpIqSpXemsW¦n \me W tNmZn¡pw. Cu A\[nIrX I¨ hSw \S¡p¶ Znhk§fn cm{Xn H¼XpaWnhsc It¯­ hnf¡p IÄ F«ctbmsS I®Sbv¡pw. as®®hnf¡nsâbpw F®hn f¡nsâbpw shfn¨¯nencp¶mWv ]gb Xeapd ]Tn¨sX¶ Imcyw ad ¡mXncn¡pI.

]pfnaq«nse IpXnch­n¯mhfw ]pfnaqSv F¶p tIÄ¡pt¼mÄ a\ Ên sXfnbp¶ C¶s¯ ]pfnaq Sà A¶s¯ ]pfnaqSv. \nc¯nsâ \Sphn hensbmcp]pfnacw. AXn \pNpäpw \nch[n IpXnch­nIÄ \nXy¡mgvNbmWv. sshIpt¶cam bm ]pÃv hn¡ms\¯p¶ kv{Xo Itfbpw ImWmw. IpXnce¯n sb¶v ]dbp¶ IpXncNmWI¯n sâbpw aq{X¯nsâbpw KÔw F t¸mgpw A\p`hs¸Spw. kpJioXf amb Imäpw. ssk¡nfmWv \m«pImcpsS {] [m\hml\w. ImdpIÄ Ipdhv. h¼ ·mÀ Hm^o t]mIp¶Xpw ap´nb h¡oe·mÀ tImSXnbn t]mIp¶ Xpw IpXnch­nbnembncn¡pw. kz ´ambn IpXnch­nbpÅ h¡oe ·mcpsS h­nIfpsS Xmhfw h©n bqÀ tImSXn ]cnkcambncp¶p. ]{XamknIIÄ hn¡p¶ ]pfn aqSv `mkvIc³\mbcpw, sXm«Sp¯ cmjv{Sobtlm«epw, tXm«nsXmgn emfnIfpsS A\ntj[yt\Xmhm bncp¶ Pq_mcmaIrjvW]nÅbpw,


teJ\w IpXnch­n¡mÀ kvt\l]qÀhw Nn´maWnA¡s\¶p hnfn¡p¶ IpXnch­nIfpsS HmWdpw A¶ s¯ ]pfnaqSnsâ `mKambncp¶p. IpXnch­nbm{X F\n¡v F t¸mgpw lcw ]IÀ¶ncp¶p. aq¶p amk¯nsemcn¡Â F\n¡v Hcp IpXnch­nbm{X XcamImdp­v. A½q½bv¡v sIm«mc¯nÂ\n¶v s]³j³ D­mbncp¶p. Xosc Xp Oamb XpIbmbXpsIm­v s]³ j³ hm§m³ t]mIp¶Xv aq¶p amk¯nsemcn¡embncn¡pw. A Xphm§m³ ]Zva\m`kzman t£{X ¯n\Sp¯pÅ \nXys¨ehpIt¨cn bnte¡v IpXnch­nbnembncn¡pw bm{X. Xncn¨p hcpt¼mÄ {ioIWv tTizcw t£{X¯n\p ]n¶nse tdm UnepÅ Hcp Sotjm¸nÂ\n¶v A ½q½ \à NqSpÅ hmgbv¡A¸w hm§n¯cpambncp¶p. B Sotjm ¸v C¶nÃ. ]t£ HmÀabn B hmg bv¡ A¸¯nsâ cpNn Ct¸mgpw X§n \n¡p¶p­v. Ime¯nsâ Ips¯mgp¡n ]Zv a\m`kzmant£{X¯nsâ Ingt¡ \Sbnep­mbncp¶ ]m{X¡pfhpw \nch[n h³ ImämSnac§fpw Ah bn tNt¡dnbncp¶ Bbnc¡W ¡n\p hmhepIfpw A{]Xy£ ambn. A¶p s]³j³ sImSp¯n cp¶ \nXys¨ehpIt¨cnsI«nSw ØnXnsNbvXncp¶ Øe¯mWv

t]meokpImcpsS ]gb thjw

Ct¸mgs¯ cmP[m\n tlm«epw cmP[m\n tImw¹Ivkpw kzÀ®¡S Ifpw. FÃmamä¯n\pw aqIkm£n bmbn C¶pÅXv {io]ß\m`\pw ta¯³aWnbpw am{Xw. Zo]mhen Zo]mhen ]S¡§fpsS ImeamW tÃm. Fsâ _meyIme¯v C¶v ]S¡ISIfn In«p¶Xpt]mse bpÅ hnhn[Xcw ]S¡§Ä D­m bncp¶nÃ. BsIbpÅXv Gdp]S ¡w, ame¸S¡w, B\¸S¡w, I¼n a¯m¸v, Xos¸«na¯m¸v, XdN{Iw XpS§nb hncense®mhp¶ C\ §Ä am{Xw. Ip«n¡me¯v R§Ä Nne C³UnPn\kv ]S¡§Ä {] tbmKn¨ncp¶p. ZzmcapÅ ]gbXm t¡m Hcp I¼nepd¸n¨v AXnse Zzmc¯n c­paq¶v Xos¸«ns¡m Ånbnse acp¶v Npc­n CSpw. acp ¶p \nd¨v Xmt¡m Zzmcw \Ãh ®w ASbm³ X¡h®apÅ BWn Dd¸n¨tijw Icn¦Ãntematäm BWn Dut¡msS ASn¡pw. B aÀZ¯n Xos¸«n¯ncnacp¶v s]m«n Hcp sNdnb shSni_vZw tI Ä¡pw. asäm¶v apf¸S¡ambncp¶p þ \meSn \ofapÅ Ióapfbn Hc äs¯ ap«n\p tijapÅ ap«pIfn ZzmcanSpw. AShpÅ ap«n\Sp¯v apI fn Hcp \mWb¯nsâ hen¸ ¯n Hcp Zzmchpw CSpw. CsXÃmw sN¿m³ HcmimcnbpsS klmbw AXymhiyw. BZys¯ ap«n\Sp¯p Å Zzc¯nÂIqSn Ipd¨v as®® Hgn¨v ASnbn t]¸tdmatäm I¯n¨v as®® NqSm¡pw. as®® NqSpsIm­v th¸ssdkv sN¿p t¼mÄ (_mjv ] oIcn¡pt¼mÄ) Zzmc¯neqsS iànbmbn DuXWw. XpSÀ¶v HcpI¼n F®bn ap¡n b XpWn I¯n¨v B Zzmc¯n\p apIfn hbv¡pt¼mÄ `pw Fs¶m cp shSni_vZw tIÄ¡p¶p. ho­pw as®® NqSm¡epw DuXepw I¯n ¡epw shSnshbv]pw XpScp¶p. Hcp Zo]mhenIgnªm apf ASp¯ sImÃt¯¡pth­n kq£n¨p hbv ¡pw. icn¡pw as®® th¸À FIv kvt¹mUv sN¿p¶ i_vZamWv tI«n cp¶sX¶v Xncn¨dnhp­mbXv Ipsd¡mew IgnªmWv. Nne \mS³ IfnIÄ Ip«nbpwtImepIfnbpw Xe¸´pw tKmenIfnbpamWv A¡mes¯ {][m\\mS³ IfnIÄ. Ip«nbpw tImepIfnsb¸än tUm ]n tkXp \mY³ "Infn¸m«nÂ' hnkvXcn¨v

FgpXnbncp¶Xv hmb\¡mÀ HmÀan ¡patÃm. B Ifnbnse CS]SpIÄ Xncph\´]pc¯pImÀ¡v Nm¡q«, NmXy³]pdw, apdpap«n, \mep\S, sFänt¡m, Btd¦n, Iotfkv F¶mWv. Ahkm\s¯ ASnbmWv Iotfkv. Bsc¦nepw acn¨m Bfp Iotfkmbn Fs¶mcp \mS³{]tbm Kw C¶m«nep­v. Ip«nbpw tImepI fnbnse Iotfkn \n¶mbncn¡ Ww Cuhm¡v{]tbmKw D­mbXv. GXmbmepw {ioIWvtTizc¯nsâ i_vZXmcmhenbn Cu hm¡v ImWm\panÃ. Xo¡pän t]meokv F\n¡v Ft«m H¼tXm hbÊpÅ t¸mÄ \S¶ kw`hamWv. A¡me ¯v ]gb ssk¡nÄ dnw Hcp I¼n Xp­p]tbmKn¨v \à thK¯n HmSn¨vIfn¡pambncp¶p. A§s\Hcp Znhkw hoSn\pap ¶nepÅ CShgnbn \à thKX bn dnw h­n HmSn¨p Ifn¡p t¼mÄ s]mSp¶s\ Hcp t]meokp Imc³ ssk¡nfn dnwh­nbpsS ap¶nse¯ns¸«p. h­n \ndp¯m³ kabwIn«nbnÃ. h­n iàntbmsS ssk¡nfnsâ ]n³N{I¯n CSn ¨p. t]meokpImc³ s]s«¶v Im Xdbn Ip¯nbXn\m hoWnÃ. ]t£ BdSnbn IqSpX s]m¡ apÅ AbmfpsS Xebnencp¶ Xo¡pän sXm¸nXmsghoWp. (A s¶ms¡ t]meokpImsc Xo¡pän F¶mWv clkyambn \m«pImÀ hnfn¨ncp¶Xv. A¡mes¯ t]meo kpImcpsS sXm¸nbmWv Cu Cc« t¸cn\p ImcWw.) AbmÄ ssk¡n fn \n¶nd§n sXm¸nsbSp¯v Xebn h¨p. F¶n«v aoi ]ncn¨n«v Fs¶t\m¡n. Fs¶ AbmÄ Ct¸mÄ AdÌv sNbvXv sIm­p t]mIpsa¶pXs¶ Rm³ IcpXn. t]Sn¨v aq{Xsamgn¨pt]mbn. CXp I­ t]meokpImcsâ apJ¯v hncnªXv HcpNncnbmWv. ""FSm sIm¨s\, h­n HmSn¨p Ifn¡p ¶Xv kq£n¨pthWw. tIt«m.'' F¶p ]dªn«v ssk¡ÄNhp«n AbmÄ h©nbqÀ tImSXnbnte¡p t]mbn. Fsâ t]Sn AØm\¯m bncp¶p F¶pÅ Xncn¨dnhv In«n bXv AbmÄ I¬ap¼nÂ\n¶v adªt¸mgmWv. ho«nÂt]mbn ta epIgpIn \n¡Àamän tIa\mbn. Cu kw`h¯n\v ZrIvkm£nImfmcpw CÃmXncp¶Xv F\n¡p c£bmbn. \mWt¡SpsIm­v Rm\mtcmSpw an­nbpanÃ. AsXms¡ HcpImew.

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27


teJ\w A\nä jmPn

a

X£³Ip-¶nsâ {]Ir-Xn-\n-baw

\p-jysâ ]m]w F´mWv? AXp ad-hn-bmWv F¶ AÀY ¯n t\mh-en-Ìmb anem³ Iptµc Fgp-Xn. ad-hn-bpsS thKw IqSp¶ Imew F¶v At±lw \½psS Ime s¯ hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Hmtcm Zpcn-Xhpw sXm«-Sp¯phcp-¶-, D­m- I p- ¶ tXm D­m- ¡ - p - ¶ tXm Bb {]IrXnZpc-´-tam cmjv{Sob hnhm-Z-tamaqew hnkvar-X-am-hp¶p. Ah-km\w Bcpw H¶pw HmÀ¡m-sXbm-hp-¶p.

A\oXnbpsS hmgvN P\XbpsS adhnbn Ahk - m\w Bcpw H¶pw HmÀ¡ms - Xbmh - p¶ Cu km[yX - b - ne - mWv `cW - IqS-§ - Ä Ahc - psS A\oXn \ndª hmgvNI - Ä Dd¸ - n¡ - p¶ - s - X¶v kz´w \mSmb sNt¡m-Ém-thmIy-bpsS Ncn{Xw DZml - c - n¨ - ps - Im­v Iptµc FgpX - n. A[nI - mcwXs¶ adh - nI - sf \nÀ_-Ô-]qÀhw Øm]n-¡m-\pÅ iànb - mW - v. AXps - Im­v A[nI - mc kwØm] - \ - s¯ Organised Forgetting F¶v Iptµc hnfn¨ - p. "Hcp {]iv\¯n A\oXn ]cnl - c - n¡ - s - ¸S-p¶ - nsö hkvXpX P\§ - sf ad¡ - m³ A\ph - Z-n¨ - m ]oUI - À B adh - nbn Xgb - v¡pw. P\§ - Ä {ItaW FÃmw ad¶ - ps - ImÅ - ps - a¶ - pd - ¸ - pÅ - X - n\m ASp¯ A\oXn BhÀ¯n¡ - s¸S-pI - b - mb - n.' ad-hnsb cmjv{Sobm-\p-`-h-am-¡Â ad-hnsb Hcp cmjv{Sob A\p-`-h-am-

bp sI Ipam-c³

28

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

¡p¶ t\mh-ep-I-fmWv kn BÀ ]cta-iz-csâ {]Ir-Xn-\n-b-ahpw bp sI Ipam-csâ X£³Ip¶pkzcq-]-hpw. ""Ignª Zi-I-§-fn \n§Ä Pohn-¨n-cp-¶-XtÃ?'' F¶ {]Ir-Xn-\nb-a-¯nse \mb-Isâ tNmZywXs¶bm-Wv. X£³Ip¶pkzcq]w F¶ t\mh-en-eqsS bp.sI Ipam-c\pw D¶bn-¡p-¶-Xv. _p²-a-X-¯nsâ \jvSm-h-in-jvS§Ä \ndª Hcp arX-\-Kcw Nn{XoI-cn-¡p¶ `mKw {]Ir-Xn-\n-b-a-¯nep-­v. Hcn-¡Â Poh-¯m-bn-cp¶ B \K-cs¯ t\m¡n Ah-in-jvS-§fpsS ]«-W-¯nse ssKUv D¨¯n hnfn¨p ]d-bp-¶p. ""DÂ`hn¨ FÃm {]Øm-\-§fpw Iuamc bu h\Pcm-a-c-W-§-fn-eqsS hnkvar-XnbpsS Iq\-I-fn-te¡v \o§p-¶p-''sh¶v. tIc-f-¯nsâ ka-Im-en-I-XbnÂ, DÂ`-hn¨ c­p {]Øm-\-§-fpsSbpw, {ItaW ad-hn-bpsS aqSÂa ªneSn-s¸«v tIhew ]pcm-hr-¯§-fmbn cq]m-´-c-s¸« cmjv{Sob `qan-I-Isf HmÀa-bn ]p\-cm-hm-ln¡p-I-bmWv Ccp-t\m-h-ep-I-fpw. CSXp-þ-h-eXp t`Z-an-ÃmsX hn¹-h-§Ä ad-hn-bn-te¡p XÅ-s¸-Sp-t¼mÄ sN dp¯p \n¶p tXm¸n-¨h ho­pw cq]-sa-Sp¯v Ncn-{Xs¯ tXm¸n¡p-¶p-sh¶ A{]n-b-kXyw kn BÀ ]c-ta-iz-c\pw bp sI Ipam-c \pw BJym\w sN¿p-¶p. Poh-\pÅ F´n-s\bpw ac-W-¯n-sâbpw ad-hnbp-sSbpw Ccp­ tZi-§-fn-te¡v Fdnªp If-bp¶ `bm-\-I-amb {]Ir-Xn-\n-b-as¯ {]iv\-am¡p¶ t\mh-ep-IÄ. Iayq¬ F¶ cq]Iw adhn F¶ cmjv{So-bm-\p-`-h-¯nsâ Hcp cq]-I-amWv {]IrXn \nb-a¯nse "Iayq¬'. "AÀtim-tcm-Kn-IfpsS Iayq¬' F¶ ]cn-lm-k-t¸-cne-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶ ]ptcm-K-a-\-hm-Zn-Ifmb CS-¯-c-¡mÀ Xma-kn-¡p¶ tImf-\n-bnse sNdnb ho«n ac-W¯nsâ Hcp ZpxJsh-Ån-bmgvN\mfnemWv \mb-I\pw `mcybpw Xmakw XpS-§p-¶-Xv. C¶s¯ a[y-hÀKI ayq-Wnsâ PoÀW-ap-J-¯n\p ]n

kn BÀ ]c-ta-iz-c³

¶n Poh³Xp-Sn¨ asämcp Iayq¬ AbmÄ ImWp-¶p-­v. ""A¶v B Im b¯o-c-hm-kn-IÄ¡v Häp-Im-cpsS apJ-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. \nµn-Xcpw ]oUn-Xcp-amb BZn ss{IkvX-h-cpsS apJam-bn-cp-¶p.'' {]IrXn \nb-a-¯nse \mb-I³ tcmKn-bm-Wv. Abm-fpsS tcmKw HmÀ abm-Wv. hn`h-k-ar-²-amb DuWp-tai-bv¡-cp-In ]h-]p-cn-bnse hni¡p¶ Ipªp-§-fpsS apJw HmÀabn F¯p¶ tcmKw. ad-hn-bn BËm-Zn-¡p¶ Iayq-Wn-emWv Abm ÄtcmKn-bm-hp-¶-Xv. ad-¡pI F¶ Iayq-Wnsâ/tIc-f-¯nsâ ktµ-it¯m-SpÅ sNdp¯p \n¸mWv \mb-Isâ HmÀan-¡-ep-IÄ. ad-¡m³ t{]cn-¸n-¡p¶ Kpfn-I-IÄ¡p ap¶n  sNdp¯p \n¡m³ Abmsf t{]cn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv HmÀa-I-tfm-SpÅ Xo {h{]W-b-am-Wv. ad-hn-IÄs¡-Xn-scbmWv kn -BÀ ]c-ta-iz-c\pw bp sI Ipam-c\pw {]Xn-tcm-[-§Ä krjvSn¡p-¶-Xv. Kpfn-I-Isf {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡p¶-Xn-\p-]-Icw ad-¡p¶ P\-Xbv¡v HmÀa-bpsS Xqen-I-¯p-¼p-sIm­v ad-hn-s¡-Xnsc {]Xn-tcm-[-¯nsâ Ip¯n-h-bv¸p- \ÂIn-s¡m­v. {Kma¯nsâ CXnlmkw Ccp-]Xmw \qäm-­nsâ aq¶mw Zi Iw sXm«pÅ hSt¡ ae-_m-dnse X£³Ip¶v F¶ {Kma-¯nsâ C Xn-lmk IY-bmWv X£³Ip¶p


teJ\w kzcq-]w. tZiob ka-c-¯nsâ ]Ým¯-e-¯n X£³Ip¶v F¶ \m «n³]pdw cmjv{Sob \mK-cn-I-X-bnte¡v hf-cp-¶-XmWv t\mh-en Nn{Xo-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. ""CS-h-gn¡p Ipdp-sI-bn« apf-bp sS Hä-b-Sn-¸m-e-¯n aeÀ¶p-In-S¶v apI-fn-te¡p t\m¡n BImiw Im Wp¶ cmaÀ'' F¶ Ip«n-bn \n¶m Wv t\mh Bcw-`n-¡p-¶-Xv. A½ \jvS-s¸« cmaÀ ho«n \n¶nd-§nt¸m-¶-h-\m-Wv. B Hä-s¸-S-emWv ]n ¶oSv ico-c-s¯-¡mÄ Ahsâ a\Êns\hfÀ¯p-¶-Xv. "Ipc§v', "A bn-¯-¡m-c³' apX-emb hnfn-IÄ apdn-hp-I-tfmsS cma-dn Hcp ]Ým¯-e-am-hp-¶p. cma-dnsâ hfÀ¨-bn {][m\]¦p-h-ln-¡p-¶Xv Ipªnt¡fp F¶ Xp¶Â¡m-c-\m-Wv. {]m b-¯n aq¯ Cu kplr¯phgnbmWv X£³Ip-¶nsâ ]cn-Wm-a-§ Ä¡v km£n-bm-I-¯¡ Znim-t_m [w cma-dn cq]-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. A½bpsS tZlw ad-hp-sNbvX `qan kz´am-¡-W-sa¶ B{Klw cma-dpsS hfÀ¨bv¡v B[m-c-in-e-bm-hp-¶p. tIc-fm-KmÔn sI tIf-¸\pw almßm-Km-Ônbpw t\mh-en IYm-]m{X-§-fm-Wv. Znhy-]-cn-th-j-apÅ a lm-\mbÃ, a\-Ên {]Wbw kq £n-¡p¶ ]¨a\p-jy-\m-bmWv tIf¸\pw aäpw t\mh-en {]Xy-£-s¸Sp-¶-Xv. cma-dnsâ hfÀ¨-bpsS L«§-fn-eq-sS-bà adn-¨v, X£³Ip¶§m-Sn-bpsS cq] ]cn-Wm-a-§-fn-eq-sS Ime¯nsâ t]m¡p- -Nn{Xo-I-cn-¨ncn¡p-¶p-. Hcp aqI-km-£n-bmbn t\mhen-s\m-Sp-hnepw X£³Ip-¶-§mSn Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶p. A{X-tbsd Ne-\m-ß-I-a-Ãm¯ X£³Ip¶§m-Snbpw Imf-¨-´bpw t\mh-ensâ BZy-]-Ip-Xn-bn shfn s¸Sp-¶p. Ahn-sSbpw PmXo-b-amb D¨-þ-\o-N-Xz-§-fp-­v, hnhm-l-§Ä hmäp-Nm-cm-b-¯n ap§p¶ AhØ-I-fp-­v. AS-bmfw hbv¡Â F¶ Zpcm-Nm-c-¯nsâ ad-hn Iogv Pm-Xn-¡m-cmb s]¬Ip-«n-Isf apXn À¶ PmXn-¡mÀ kzIm-cy-ambn ssI hiw hbv¡p¶ coXn-bp-­v. CXn-te¡mWv tIf-¸\pw injy-\mb tUm IvSdpw tIf-¸sâ Imap-In saänÂU So¨dpw A\p-bm-bn-Ifpw cmjv{So-b¯nsâ DWÀhmbn amdp-¶-Xv. XpS À¶v t\mh-en X£³Ip¶v C³ Uy-bm-Ip-¶p. tZiob ka-c-¯nsâ XpSn-¸p-IÄ X£³Ip-¶-§m-Sn-bpsS anSn-¸p-I-fn-eqsS A\p-hm-N-I-\-dn-bp¶p. Abn-¯-¯n-s\-Xnsc ka-c-§ fpw PmY-Ifpw Ac-t§-dp-¶p. KmÔnPn-bpsS amkva-cnI hyàn-Xz-¯nÂ

\m«p-ImÀ ]pXnb a\p-jy-cm-hp-¶p. kXym-{K-lw, PbnÂ, t£{X-{]-thi\w XpS-§nb Nn´-IÄ Ah-cn-ep-Sse-Sp-¡p-¶p. {]Øm-\-¯nsâ te_en-\-¸pdw X£³Ip¶v Häp-Im-c-Ãm ¯ BZn-ss{I-kvX-h-cpsS I½yq-WmIp-¶p. X£³Ip¶p kzcq-]-¯nse cmadpsS ZpxJw PmXn-bpsS ZpxJw IqSnbm-Wv. `mc-X-¯nsâ BZÀi-aqÀ¯nbpsS t]cp-Xs¶ bp sI Ipam-c³ t_m[- ] qÀÆw Xnc- s ª- S p- ¯ - X msW-¶-Xn\v t\mh-en sXfn-hp-­v. ""koX-sb-t¸mse Rm\pw Im«n t]mtI-­n-htczm''? F¶ `mcy I eymWnbpsS tNmZy-¯n\v cmaÀ adp]Sn ]d-bp-¶n-S-¯mWv Cu kqN-\. ""Rm³ ]pXnb cma-d-tÃ? Cu cm a³ koX-tbm-sSm¸w FÃm-bn-S¯pw t]mIp-¶-bm-fm...'' koX-sb¶ hen bad-hn-¡pÅ D¯-c-amWv bp sI Ip am-c³ ]pXnb cma-dn-eqsS BZyw Ah- X - c n¸n¡p¶- X v . t\mh- e nse IeymWn ap¼v Hcp hnhmlw Ign-¨h-fmWv. B _Ô-¯n ^en ¡mª Ahfn Imbv ]nSn¨Xv cmadn-se-¯p-t¼m-gmWv. DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn¨ BZÀi-¯nsâ ^ew NqS \o­ hÔyX Ignªm-sW¶ kqN\ t\mh-en-ep-­v. F¶m cmadpw "{] Ir-Xn-\n-b-a-'¯nse \mb-I\pw kr jvSn \S-¯p-¶Xv k¦Â¸-¯n-em-Wv. "{]IrXn \nb-a'-¯n ka-kp-µ-camb Hcp ]pXnb `qJ-WvU-¯n-te¡pÅ t_m«p bm{X-bpsS kz]v\w BJym\w sN¿p-¶p-­v. \mb-Isâ hÔy-bm-bn-cp¶ `mcy Iae Ahn-sSh¨v KÀ`nWn-bm-Ip-¶p. C\n AhnsS ]pXnb Hcp `mhnbpw ]pXnb Hcp P\-]-Zhpw ]pXnb Hcp a\p-jy-]-c-¼cbpw P\n¡pw F¶Xv k¦Â¸¯nse {]Xo-£-bm-Ip-¶p. apt¶m«p \bn-¡p-¶- {]Xym-iad-¡pI F¶ imk-\-bpsS CS-§-fnsems¡ kvarXn-IÄ In\m-hmbn ]p\ÀP-\n¡pw F¶ {]Xym-i-bmWv Ccp \mb-I-scbpw apt¶m«p \bn-¡p¶-Xv. X£³Ip-¶nsâ Ah-km\ A[ym-bwþ HcÀY-¯n D¯-c-ImWvUwþ ad-hn-I-fpsS IY-bmWp ]dbp-¶-Xv. F§-s\-bmWv ]pcm-hr-¯§Ä D­m-Ip-¶-sX¶v t\mh ]dªp-X-cp-¶p. ad-hn-bpsS Ib-§-fn \n¶mWv AXn-i-tbm-àn-bpsS A Xo-{µn-b-amb ]pcm-hr-¯-§Ä cq]w sImÅpI. AhnsS Poh-\pÅ IYm]m-{X-§Ä bpàn¡p \nc-¡m-¯, AXo-{µn-b-amb Xe-¯n ad-¡-s¸Sp-¶p. Imew Ign-bsh X£³Ip¶

§m-Sn-bpsS t]mb-Imew Hcp ]pcmhr-¯-¯n-te-s¡m-Xp-§p-I-bm-Wv. X £³Ip¶v F¶ \mSnsâ Ncn{Xw kXy-amtWm? F¶ tNmZy-¯n\v ChnsS {]k-àn-bn-Ã. tNmZn-¨m tNmZy-IÀ¯mhpw Ahn-izm-k-¯n sâ ]pcm-hr¯ {kjvSm-hm-bn-am-dpw. C¶-se-I-fpsS FÃm ad-hn-I-sfbpw X£³Ip¶v DÅ-S-¡p-¶p-­v. ]pXn bXe-ap-dbv¡p ap¶nse cmaÀ k¼¶-cmb a¡-fpsS ]nXmhp am{Xw. X£³Ip-¶nsâ Ncn-{Xw-t]mepw ]pXnb Xe-ap-d-bv¡-\y-am-Wv. ]ns¶ Hcp cma-sd-§s\AXn-Po-hn-¡pw. kzmX-{´y-k-a-c-§tfm AXn ] s¦-Sp-¯-htcm H¶pw ]pXnb Ncn-{X¯n AS-bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯-s¸-«n-Ã. ]p ¯³ Ncn-{X-¯n cmaÀ Xncn-¨-dn-bpI-bm-Wv. Imew H«pw amdn-bn-«n-Ã. AsÃ-¦n FÃmw Xncn¨p h¶p-sIm­n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. s]¬Ip-«n-Isf AS-bmfw hbv¡p-¶Xpw BtLm-j§Ä aZy-¯n ap§p-¶Xpw H¶pw. FÃmw ]pXnb thj-¸-IÀ¨-bn-emsW¶p am{Xw. PmXn-tI-{µn-X-am-bn-cp¶h k¼-¯nsâ ]n³_-e-¯n-tes¡m-Xp-§n-sb¶p am{Xw. cma-dn-sâbpw {]IrXn \nb-a¯nse \mb-I-sâbpw \ncm-ibv¡v Bgw IqSp-I-bm-Wv. P\-X-bpsS adhnbpw H¸w Xs¶ Hcp Ime¯v {]Øm-\-§-fpsS Aa-c-¡m-cm-bn-cp¶-h-cpsS kpJ-io-X-f-amb ad-hn-bpamWv Ah-cpsS \ncmi hfÀ¯p-¶Xv. e£y-§Ä Zqc-¯m-b-t¸mÄ Hcp ]äw PohnXw ad-¶p. adp-]£w hn ¹hw ad-¶p. \m¸-Xp-I-fnse t\ Xm-¡-fn NneÀ ]mÀe-saân-te¡pw \nb-a-k-`bn-te¡pw c£-s]-Sp-¶Xn\p ]n¶n hn¹-h-¯nsâ ad-hnbm-Wv. {]Øm-\-¯n-\p-]-cn-bmbn hn¹-h-§-fpsS ad-hn-bpsS \ndw kam\-am-hp-¶p. AhnsS {]Ir-Xn-\n-b-a¯nse \mb-I-s\-t¸mse cmadpw Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶p. ""FÃmw t]mbn......... FÃmw shdpsX-bmbn'' F¶v. ""sXm«p-sXm-«n-seömb ka-kpµ-c-temIw ZrjvSn-bn \n¸q-Zqsc KÔÀh]p-cn-t]mse'' F¶ {]Xo-£-t]mepw AØm-\¯m-hp¶ ]cn-Wm-aw. klm-b-I- te-J-\-§Ä 1) Fw.-Pn.-F-kv. \mcm-b-W³: "tIcfo-b-X-bn-te-¡pÅ ]pd-¸m-Sv.' 2) sI.kn \mcm-b-W³: "HmÀabpw adhn-bpw.' 3) Fw.-Fw. tXma-kv: "IjvSm-\p-`-hmgvN-bnse [ym\w'

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

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_wKm-fn-IY ]cn-`mj : jm^n sNdp-am-hn-embn

hr

²-{_m-Ò-W-\mb am[h in tcm³aWn, Xsâ inj-y-sâ ho«n-te¡v t]mhp-I-bm-Wv. At¸mÄ kabw Hcp aWn-bm-bn-¡mWpw. AXn Ipd-bn-Ã. kqc-y³ Xebv¡p apI-fnÂ\n¶pw AÂ]w Xmtg-¡n-d-§n-bn-cp-¶p. ao\-am-k-¯n se Xosh-bn-en aW Xnf-¨p-sIm­n-cp-¶p. Imäv Xo¡m-ämbn amdn-bn-cp¶p. B {]tZ-i-s¯m-cn-S¯pw Hcp ]¨¸v ImWm-\n-Ã. H¶p-c­p CesIm-gnª t]m]vem ac-§Ä Nnà hnSÀ¯n \n¡p-¶p-­v. ]psÃms¡ DW§n ssht¡m-embn amdn-t¸m-bncp-¶p. {_mÒ-W³ DSp-¯n-cp¶ DSpap­pw tXmÀ¯pw IqSn Xo t]mse s]mf-fp-¶p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. CS-bv¡nsS hoip¶ ImänÂs¸«v Xnf-bv¡p¶ aW {_mÒ-Wsâ I®p-I-fnepw apJ¯pw sNhn-I-fnepw ASn¨p Ibdn-s¡m-­n-cp-¶p. ao\-am-k-¯nse D¨-t\-c¯v Cu ssaXm\w IS-¶pt]m-I-W-sa¶p Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-¡p-¶

30

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

X®oÀ]-´Â (hn`q-Xn-`q-j¬ _tµm-]m-[-ymb) Xpw acn-¡m³ Xocp-am-\n-¡p-¶Xpw H cpt]mse-bm-sW¶v, \hm-_vK©n \n¶pw Abm-tfmSv ]ecpw ]d-ªncp-¶p. F¶m AbmÄ Bcp-sSbpw hm¡p-IÄ sNhn-s¡m-f-fmsX hcn-IbmWv sNbvX-Xv. ]Sn-ªmsd Zn¡nse, hf-sc-b-Ise-bp-ff hb-ense ]b-dp-IÄ Imän  Xe-bm-«n-s¡m-­n-cp-¶p. Is® ¯pw Zqc-saÃmw þ DjvWw \ndª aWÂ{]-tZiw þ shbn-en Xnf-§ns¡m-­n-cp-¶p. {_mÒ-W\v hÃmsX Zmln-¨p. DjvW-¡m-än ico-c-¯nep- ­ m- b n- c p¶ Pe- s aÃmw hän, \m¡p hc-­p-In-S-¶n-cp-¶p. Zmlw

Poh-s\-Sp-¡p-¶p. Agp-¡p-sh-ffw In«n-bmepw IpSn-¡m-\p-f-f{X Zmlw. F¶m \hm_vK©n \n¶pw XpS§n c¯³]qÀ hsc ]c-¶p-In-S¡p¶ B aWÂ{]-tZ-i¯v Fhn-tS bpw shffw In«nÃ, F¶v \hm-_vK©n-ep-ff FÃm-hcpw ap¶-dn-bn¸p X¶-Xm-Wv. Ct¸mÄ kln-¡p-Itb \nhÀ¯n-bp-f-fq. {_mÒ-W\v hnbÀs¯m-en-¡p hm³ XpS-§n. ImXp-I-fn \n¶v, aq¡n \n¶v, izm-k-¯nÂ\n¶v XoP-zme {]h-ln-¨p-sIm-­n-cp-¶p. \m¡v \pW-ªp-\p-Wªp t\m¡nbn«pw Hcp-Xp-ffn Xp¸Ât]mepw \m¡v \\-¨n-Ã. BsI hc­p InS¶n-cp-¶p. NqSn-\m F«p-Zn¡pw kvXw`n¨p \n¡p-I-bmtWm! CSbv¡nsS hoin-b-Sn-¡p¶ Imäv NqSp-aW hmcn aq¡nepw hmbnepw Fdnªp-sIm-­n-cp-¶p. kln-¡m-\m-hm ¯ Zmlw aqew Abm-fpsS I®p-Ifn Ccp«p Ib-dp-¶-Xp-t]mse tXm¶n: ""FhnsS \ns¶-¦nepw Hcp XSn¨ Ce In«n-bn-cp-s¶-¦nÂ, AXp ISn¨v AXn-ep-ff Nmsd-¦nepw IpSn¨v Zmlw ian- ¸ n- ¡ m- a m- b n- c p- ¶ p....?'' Pohn-X-¯n F{Xtbm Znh-k-§Ä, F{Xtbm Øe-§-fn F{Xtbm XWp¯, cpNn-bp-ff shffw IpSn-¨ncn-¡p-¶p. AsXm-s¡-bn-t¸mÄ at\map-Ip-c-¯n sXfn-ªp-h-cp¶p! A bm-fpsS ho«nse InW-än Dff sh ff-¯n\v Fs´mcp XWp-¸mWv! _mlm-Sv]q-cnse Hm^o-kn-ep-ff sh ffw aªp-t]mse XWp-¯n-cn-¡pw. Ft¸mtgm Hcn-¡Â AbmÄ inj-y sâ ho«n t]mbn-cp-¶p. AXv Hcp taS-am-k-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. AhÀ Hcp ]n¨f IqPm \ndsb ]pXnb IpS¯nse shffw AbmÄ¡v IpSn-¡phm³ \ÂIn. lt½m! Fs´mcp X Wp-¸m-bn-cp¶p AXn\v! B shffw aªp-t]mse XWp-¯n-cp-¶p... IpSn¡p-t¼mÄ ]Ãp-IÄ InSp-§n-t¸mbn! Ct¸mÄ AXp-t]m-es¯ shffw,


_wKm-fn-IY Hcp IqPm \ndsb In«n-bn-cp-s¶-¦n F{X \¶m-bn-cp-¶p. s]s«¶v AbmÄ¡v Zmlw Iei-em-bn. sXm­ hc­p Npcp-§nt¸m-b-Xp-t]m-se-bp-­m-bn-cp-¶p. Cu `mKs¯ P\-§Ä, CXns\ ""Ing-§ns\-t]mepw Ddn-©n-¡p-Sn-¡p¶ `qan'' F¶mWv hnfn-¡p-¶-sX¶v tIÄhns¸-«n-«p-­v. Cu PnÃ-bn CXp-t]msemcp hc-­-{]-tZiw asä§pw CÃ. hfsc \mfp-IÄ¡p-ap¼v F{X-tbm t]À ao\w, taSw amk-§-fn Cu `mK-¯p-IqsS IS-¶p-t]m-Im³ {ian ¨v Poh³ shSn-ªn-«p-­p-t]mepw! Xnf-bv¡p¶ aW-en\p apI-fn AhcpsS PU-§Ä FÃn³IqSp-I-fmbn InS-¡p-¶Xv Ct¸mgpw ImWm³ km[n-¡p-¶p-­v. kln-¡m-\m-Im¯ Zml-¯m XpSÀ¶p apt¶m«p t]m Im-\m-ImsX aW¸-c-¸n hoWv ]nS-ªp-]n-Sªp {]mW³ shSnªn-cn-¡p-¶p. {Kma-¯n-se-¯n-t¨cm³ C\nbpw c­p-ssa-temfw \S-¡Ww. AXn-\Iw Abm-fpw.....! Hcp at\m-_-e-¯nÂ, ss[c-y¯n AbmÄ XpSÀ¶p \S-¶p-sIm­n-cp-¶p. Cu ]mX-bpsS Ah-km-\¯n Btcm HcmÄ, CbmÄ¡mbn aªp-t]mse XWp¯ shffw IpSw \ndsb \nc-¯n-h¨v Im¯n-cn¡p-¶p­v! Cu ]mX IS-¶p-t]mbmÂ, t]mbmÂ, B IpS-¯nse sh ffw, AbmÄ¡p k½m-\-ambn e`n¡pw. A§s\Nn´n-¨p-sIm­v A bmÄ apt¶m«p \S-¶p-sIm-­n-cp-¶p. Ac-ssa Zqcw IS¶-Xn-\p-tijw heXp his¯ hb IS-¶-Xn-\ptijw ho­pw Ac-ssa Zqc¯v Hcp BÂacw \n¡p-¶Xv I®n s]-«p. B ac-¯n\p Nph-«n hà Ipftam, XSm-Itam, tXmtSm D­mbn-cn-¡pw. Asæn XW-se-¦nepw D­m-Ip-a-tÃm... BÂa-c-¨p-h-«n h¶p-tNÀ¶t¸mÄ AhnsS Hcp X®oÀ]-´Â AbmÄ I­p. \me©p ]pXnb IpS§-fn shf-fw... Hcp-`m-K¯v Cf\oÀ Iq«n-h-¨n-cp-¶p. Hcp sIm«bn \\¨ tNmfw. asäm-cn-S¯v Icn-¼psIm-­p-­-m¡nb ]pXnb iÀ¡-c. Hcp sNdnb sIm«-bn ]Ip-Xn-tbm fw _mZpj F¶ a[p-c-]-e-lmcw. Xpf-bn« Hcp \o­ apf-¡p-gÂ. AXv asämcp apf-bn sI«n-h-¨n-cp-¶p. HcmÄ IpS-¯nse shffw tImcn B apf-¡p-g-en-te-s¡m-gn-¨p. AXnsâ adp-`m-K¯v P\-§Ä ssIIÄ In ®w-t]mse ]nSn¨v shffw IpSn-¨psIm-­n-cp-¶p. ac-¨p-h-«n Ccp-¶n-cp-¶-hÀ, in tcm³aWn {_mÒ-Ws\I­-t¸mÄ,

Fgp-t¶-äp-\n¶v _lp-am-\n-¨p. ""A §p¶v FhnsS \n¶mWv hcp-¶Xv?'' F¶v HcmÄ tNmZn-¨p. "AXncn-¡ s«, BZyw A§p¶v shffw IpSn¡s«. AÂ]-sa-¦nepw Zmlw ian-¡s«.....'' F¶v asäm-cmÄ ]d-ªp. intcm³aWn {_mÒ-W³ Fhn-S s¯ BÂa-c-¨p-h-«n Ccp-¶n-cp-¶p thm, B`m-K¯v BÂacw GI-tZiw c­p-aq¶v skâ v Øew apgp-h³ ]SÀ¶p ]´-en¨p InS-¶n-cp-¶p. B \-bpsS Xp¼nss¡ t]mes¯, BÂa-c-¯nsâ thcp-IÄ \mep-`mK¯pw `qan-bn-te¡v Cd-§n-¡n-S-¶ncp-¶p. HcmÄ AXnsâbn-e-bn ]pIbn- e - b n«v FSp- ¯ p- s Im- ­ p- h - ¶ p. Mm.... Xo¡m-än-\p-tijw Ct¸mÄ, BÂa-c-¨p-h-«n hoinb IpfnÀsX¶Â, a\-Ên\pw ico-c-¯n\pw hfsc-bm-i-zmkw \ÂIn. ]pI-bne hm bn-te-¡n-«p-sIm­v \pW-ª-t¸mÄ Zmlhpw AÂ]w Ipd-ª-Xp-t]mse tXm¶n. lt½m...? ]pI-bne \pW-ªp-I-gn-ª-t¸m Ä, Ah³ ""A§pt¶, Imepw-ssIbp-sams¡ Igp-In-bn«v AÂ]w hn{ian-t¨m-fq... \à "ktµiv' D­v. {_m Ò-WÀ¡p-th­n sIm­p-h-¶-XmWv. AÂ]w a[pcw Ign-¡q. F¶n-«v Ipd¨p shffw IpSn-¡v. shbn-e ]w Ipd-b-s«.....'' F¶v D]-N-cn-¨p. ""AXpicn, Cu X®oÀ]-´Â Bcp-tS-XmWv?'' hr² {_mÒ-W³ tNmZn-¨p. ""A§pt¶! CXv BwtSm-_n³ hnti-z-j-cp-tS-Xm-Wv. {io-aµv hntiz jv, \nXmbn hnti-zjv F¶n-h-cp-tSXv.... t]cv tIÄhn-s¸-«n-«pt­m?'' ""hntitjm? kÂtKm]v PmXn¡m-c-\mtWm?'' ""AÃ-§p-t¶.... Imeq-Pm-Xn-¡mcm-Wv.'' ""FSm ]m]o! Imeq PmXn-¡mÀ \S-¯p¶ X®oÀ ]´-em-tWm-bn Xv?'' ]pXnb IpS-¯n \nd-¨p-h-¨ncp¶ XWp¯ shf-fhpw Ip¶p-Iq-Sn¡n-S-¡p¶ Cf-\o-cpw.... Zml-¯m he-ªp-sIm-­n-cp¶ intcm³aWn {_mÒ-W³ C{Xbpw t\cw kt´mj-¯n Bdm-Sn-¡-fn-¡p-I-bm-bncp¶p!.... F¶m Bcm-WnXp \S¯p-¶-sX-¶-dn-ª-t¸mÄ Hcp-\n-an jw Abm-fpsS kt´mjw IÀ¸q-cwt]mse Aen-ªp-t]m-bn. Imeq Pm Xn-¡mÀ \S-¯p¶ X®oÀ]-´en \n¶pw sImSp-¡p¶ shffw At± lw F§s\IpSn¡pw? Abmfpw Abm-fpsS hwi-Pcpw hfsc Imeambn "iq{ZÀ'¡v FXn-cmbn kwkm-cn¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. C¶v A-bm-fpsS \à Imew! BcmWv sIm

Sp-¡p-¶-sX¶v BZyw Xs¶ tNmZn¨n-cn-¡p-¶p... AsÃ-¦nÂ... Dw..! ""Cu X®oÀ]-´Â F{X-Im-eambn XpSÀ¶p-h-cp¶p?'' intcm³ aWn {_mÒ-W³ tNmZn-¨p. ""AXv... ]¯p ]Xn-\©p hÀjt¯m-f-am-bn. {ioaµv hnti-z-jnsâ Aѳ Xmcm-Nµv hnti-z-jmWv Cu X®oÀ]-´Â Bcw-`n-¨-Xv. IpSpw-_¯n H³]-Xv-þ-]¯v hb-Êp-ff Hcp A\n-b-¯n-b-ÃmsX At±-l-¯n\v Cu temI¯v aämcpw D­m-bn-cp-¶nÃ. Xmcm-Nµv hnti-zjv bphm-hm-bn-cn¡p-t¼m-tg... ]Xn-\m-ev... ]Xn-\©v hb-Êp-­m-bn-cp-¶-t¸mtg At±-l¯nsâ Aѳ acn-¨p-t]m-bn-cp-¶p.'' ""tN«\pw A\n-b-¯nbpw hmg-¸ gw, hgp-X\, Ip¼fw Hs¡ Xe-bn Npa-¶p-sIm-­p-t]mbn N´-bn hn än-«p-h-cpw. AXn IpSpw_w \¶mbn Pohn-¨p-h-¶p. Hcn-¡Â D¨bv¡v, Xmcm-Nµv Xsâ A\n-b-¯nsb Iq«ns¡m­v \hm_vK©v N´-bn-te¡p ]\Cf-\oÀ hn¡m-\mbn t]mbn. Xncn-¨p-h-cp-t¼mÄ, N´-bn \n¶pw H¶pw In«m-¯-Xn-\m \hm_vK ©n \n¶pw, c¯³]qÀ hsc þ \m ec ^ÀtemMv Zqcw D­mIpw. taS¯nse D¨-sh-bn Nps«-cn-¡p¶ t\c¯v A{-Xbpw Zqcw \S-¡m-\mImsX Xmcm-N-µnsâ A\n-b¯n XfÀ¶p-t]m-bn. Xmcm-Nµv Xs¶-bm Wv CXv Ft¶mSp ]d-ª-Xv. Ah sâ A\n-b¯n ]Ip-Xn-Zqcw F¯n-bt¸mÄXs¶ ""tN«m! hÃmsX Zmln¡p¶p tN«m... shffw IpSn-¡Ww'' F¶p ]d-ªp. ""£an¡q Ip«o... C\n Ipd¨p Zqcw IqSntb Dffq \S-¡v... c¯³ ]qcnsâ ssIhÀ¯v F¶ Øe¯p \n¶pw shffw hm§n-¯cmw'' F¶p kam-[m-\n¸n-¨p. Ipd-¨p-Zqcw IqSntb Dffq F¶ Xv GI-tZiw c­p ssaenepw Ipdhm-bn-cn-¡n-Ã. AÂ]Zqcw \S-¶t¸mÄ Xs¶ Ah-fmsI XfÀ¶pt]m-bn. ""tN«m! F\n¡v \S-¡m³ ]äp-¶n-Ã... shffw thWw.... shffw IpSn-¡Ww'' F¶p ]-d-ªpsImt­bn-cp-¶p. Xmcm-Nµv B Ip«nsb FSp¯p-bÀ¯n tXmf-¯n-cp-¯n-s¡m­v Cu BÂa-c-¨p-h-«n h¶p-tNÀ¶p. B Ip«n¡v At¸mÄ A[nIw kw km-cn-¡m³ Ign-ªn-cp-¶n-Ã. XmcmNµv Ip«nsb XW-e-¯n-cp-¯n-bn«v shffw At\-z-jn¨v HmSn. AhnsS \n¶pw Ac-^ÀtemMv AI-se-bp-ff ssIhÀ¯v `mK-¯p-\n¶pw Hcp IqPm \ndsb shffw sIm­p-h¶ AbmÄ A§s\Xs¶ kvXw`n¨p \n¶p-t]m-bn. Ahsâ Ipª-\n-b-

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

31


_wKm-fn-IY ¯n, ac-¨p-h-«n acn-¨p-In-S-¡p-¶p. Ah-fpsS hmbn Im¨n-ensâ Xp­v Xq§n-¡n-S-¶n-cp-¶p! Cu BÂacw sNdp-Xm-bn-cp-¶-t¸mÄ AXnsâ Np h-«n Im¨n hf-fn-IÄ kar-²-am bn hfÀ¶p InS-¶n-cp¶p! kln-¡m\m-Im¯ Zml-¯m B s]®v, \new-Ip-gn¨v Ing-s§-Sp¯v hmbn h¨v \pWªv AXnÂ\n¶pw Fs´¦nepw Ipd¨v Nmdv In«ptam F¶v ]cn-{i-an-¨n-cp¶p. A¶p-ap-X Cu `mKw "Nmdv Ddp-©nb `mKw' F¶mW-dn-b-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. B s]®nsâ ac-W-tijw, Xm cm-Nµv ]e ]e I¨-h-S-§Ä sNbvXv ]W-¡m-c-\mbn amdn. B s]¬Ip«n Abm-fpsS kz-]v\-¯nÂh¶v ""Chn sS hcp-¶-h-scÃmw Zmlw sIm­p he-bp-I-bmWv tN«m! \n§Ä F\n¡p-th­n, Cu BÂa-c-¨p-h-«n Hcp X®oÀ]-´Â \nÀan¡q tN«m!'' F¶p ]d-ªp-t]m-epw. Xmcm-Nµv hn ti-zjpw Cu Øe¯v Hcp X®oÀ]´Â \nÀan-¨p... AXp \S-¶n«v ]Xn\©v, ]Xn-\mdv hÀj-§Ä Ign-ªncn-¡p-¶p. {_mÒW³ A§pt¶! Cu `m-K-¯p-ff X®oÀ]-´-en-s\¡p-dn¨v Chn-sS-bp-f-f-hÀs¡ms¡ Adn-bmw... AXp am{Xtam, Cu `m K¯v, shbn-e¯p \S-¶p-h-cp-¶-hÀ Zmlw kln-¡m-\m-ImsX shffw At\-z-jn-¨-e-bpt¼mÄ... Hcp s]¬ Ip«n Ah-sc-t\m¡n ""Zmln¡p-¶pt­m? shffw thtWm? Rm³ Xcmw... \o Fsâ IqsS-hcq'' F¶p hnfn-¡p-sa¶v [mcmfw t]À h¶p ]d-bm-dp-­v...'' GtXm IY ]d-bp-¶-Xp-t]mse ]d-ªp-h¶ AbmÄ ""kXy-am tWm, If-hmtWm Fs¶m¶pw AdnbnÃ; {_mÒ-W³ A§pt¶! P\§Ä C§-s\-bmWv Cu `mK¯p ]d-ªp-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv... Rm\pw AXp-X-s¶-bmWv Xm¦-tfmSv ]d-ªXv. taS-am-k-¯n Hcp {_mÒ-Wt\mSv Ifhv ]d-ªn«v F´p-In-«m\mWv...''F¶p ]d-ªp. B a\p-j-y³ Xsâ Ccp-ssIIÄsIm­pw Xsâ ImXp-I-fn ]nSn-¨p-sIm­v, Xe-bn Hcp Ip¯pIp-¯n-bn«v {_mÒ-Ws\ \a-kvI-cn¨p. kabw sshIp-t¶-c-t¯m-S-Sp-¡p¶p. F{Xtbm t]À h¶p, shffw IpSn¨p, t]mbn.... ASp-¯ hb-en \n¶pw h¶ Hcp IÀj-I³ \pIw Xmsg h¨n«v BÂa-c-¨p-h-«n-te¡v h¶p. AbmÄ hnbÀ¯p Ipfn-¨n-cp¶p. AÂ]w hn{i-an-¨-Xn-\p-tijw Xr]vXn-tbmsS tNmfhpw iÀ¡-cbpw Xn¶n«v shf-fhpw IpSn¨v kt´m-j-

32

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

Hcp IqPm \ndsb shffw sIm­p-h¶ AbmÄ A§s\ Xs¶ kvXw`n¨p \n¶p-t]m-bn. Ahsâ Ipª-\n-b-¯n, ac-¨p-h-«n acn-¨p-In-S-¡p-¶p. Ah-fpsS hmbn Im¨n-ensâ Xp­v Xq§n-¡n-S-¶n-cp-¶p! t¯msS Ahn-sS-bp-f-f-h-tcmSv kw km-cn-¡p-hm³ XpS-§n. ASp-¯-{Km-a-¯n \n¶pw -`n-£sb-Sp-¯n-«v Hcp hr² A-hn-tS-¡p-h¶p. ac-¨p-h-«n Xsâ k©n h¨n«v ImepwssIbp-sam-s¡ IgpIns¡m ­v, shf-f-¯n-\mbn Im¯p-\n-¶p. H cmÄ tNmZn¨p ""A_vZpensâ A½bsÃ! Hcp Cf-\oÀ IpSn-¡pt¶m?'' B hr² ]Ãn-Ãm¯ tamW-Im«n Nncn-¨p-sIm­v ""icn, Xt¶m-fq... Cs¶m-cn-f-\oÀ IpSn-¡mw... acn-¨pt]m-Ip¶ Zml-a-tÃ... AXn-\p-ap¼v Hcn-f-\oÀ IpSn-¡p¶p...'' F¶p]-dªp. \à ap­pw ]pXnb jÀ«pw [cn¨ HcmÄ h¶p. ap­v IWw-Im hsc DbÀ¯n-s¡m­v þ Im \ndsb s]mSn-bmWv þ ac-¨p-h-«nÂh¶v B bm-k-t¯msS Ccp-¶p. ""kaodp-±o³ anªm! C¶v tIkv \S-¡p¶ Znh-k-atÃ?'' F¶v HcmÄ tNmZn-¨p. kao-dp-±o³ hfsc Kuc-h-ambn kwkm-cn¨p F¶p ]d-bm-\m-hn-Ã. Xsâ tIkv, AXp \S-¯n-b h¡o Ch-bpsS Ncn{Xw hÀ-Wn-¨p. tIkv h¡o-ensâ ssIbn-ep-­m-bn-cp-¶Xv, AXv XpSÀ¨-bmbn AbmÄ ]dª hm¡p-IÄ B h¡o tI«n-cp-s¶¦nÂ... asämcp tIkv XpS-§p-am-bn-cp¶p...! ]n¶o-S-bmÄ iÀ¡-c-tbm-sSm ¸w, Ac tkÀ tNmfhpw Xn¶n«v AÂ]w ]pI-bne hm§n hmbn-en«p Nh-¨p-sIm-­v bm{X ]d-ªp-t]m-bn. shbn-ensâ ImTn-\yw Ipd-ªpsIm- ­ n- c p- ¶ p. sshIp- t ¶- c s¯ ImänÂ, ASp-¯p-­m-bn-cp¶ Hcp Ipän-¡m-«n \n¶pw \à \dp-aWw h¶p-sIm-­n-cp-¶p. aª-\nd tkm ´men ]q¡Ä \ndª Ipän-¡m-SpIÄ asämcp `mKs¯ shfn¨w ImWn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯n-cp-¶p. Hcp ]£n BIm-i¯v Nnd-Ip-IÄ hnSÀ¯ns¡m­v, ""\m«ps]t® ]d-bq. \m«ps]t® ]dbq'' F¶p Iqhn-s¡m­v ]d-¶p-t]m-bn. AXp-­m-¡nb i_v Zw A§s\]d-bp-¶-Xmbn Hcp {`aw.. A{X-X-s¶. intcm³aWn {_mÒ-W³, ]¯p hÀj- § Ä¡p- a p³]v Abm- f psS F«p hb-Êp-Imcn aIÄ, Da-sb-t]m

se Hcp s]¬Ip«n Cu BÂa-c-¨p-h«n kln-¡m-\m-hm¯ Zml-¯m shffw In«msX Im«p-Im-¨n ISn¨v AXnsâ Nmdv \pW-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. Abm-fpsS kvt\lw, aaX aqew Cu BÂacw NnÃ-I-tfmSp IqSnbpw CeI-tfmSp IqSnbpw hfÀ¶p hepXmbn, shffw In«msX he-bp¶ {Kma- h m- k n- I - f psS B{i- b - a mbn, AtX Øe¯v Ccp-]Xp hÀj-§fmbn B awKf cq]nWn, tZhn PK-Zm{Zn-sb-t¸mse, ]¯p ssIIfpw \o«n, Xnf-bv¡p¶ a[-ym-Ó-¯n Zmln-¨p-h-e-bp¶ hgn-t]m-¡À¡v, shf-fhpw Cf-\ocpw \ÂIn AhcpsS Zmlw ian-¸n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p¶p. \mep-`m-K¯pw kÔy hym-]n-¨ph-cp-t¼mÄ, Xnf-bv¡p¶ `qan-bn XWepw XWp¸pw hym-]n-¡p-t¼mÄ B s]¬Ip«n Znhkw apgp-h³ s]« IjvS-¸m-Sn\v tijw a§nb \nemsh-fn-¨-¯n ip{`-amb kmcn-¯e¸v Imän hnSÀ¯n, bmsXmcp ]cnN-bhpw CÃm¯ hm\-tem-I¯p Ign-bp¶ Xsâ kz´w hmk-Ø-et¯¡p Xncn-¨p-t]m-bn. AhÄ `qanbn Ipªmbn Pohn¨ PohnXw ad¶n-Ã... shffw sImSp¯psIm­n-cp-¶hsâ t]cv {io\n-hm-k³. kXvtKm]v PmXn-¡m-c-\m-Wv. intcm³a-Wn-bt±lw Ah-t\mSv ""CXm t\m¡-¸m.... \nsâ Cu henb IpSw \¶mbn IgpIn-bn«v, F\n-s¡mcp IpSw \ndsb shffw Xcq... F¶n«v, R§Ä ¡mbn "ktµjv' h¨n«p-s­¶p ]dª-tÃmþ AXpw Xcq....'' F¶p ]dªp. hn`q-Xn-`q-j¬ _tµm-]m-[-yb "]tYÀ ]m©men' F¶ t\mh-eneqsS temI-{]-i-kvX-\mb _wKmfn kmln-X-y-Im-c³. Ct±-l-¯nsâ cN\-I-fn {]Ir-Xnbpw AXnse ]d-hIfpw ]pgp-¡fpw hr£-§fpw Hs¡ IYm-]m-{X-§-fmbn hcp-¶p. a\pj-y s\{]Ir-Xn-bp-ambn _Ôn-¸n-¡p¶ A]qÀh kpµ-c-§-fmb, Poh-Ê - pä cN-\-I-fmWv Ct±-l¯ntâXv. H¸w PmXn hnth-N-\-§fpw {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p¶p.


tIc-f-kw-KoXw tIcfkwKoXmNmcr tUm _n ]pjv]m Irjv-W³

Kpcphmbqcnse I®m... cN\ cmKw Xmfw

: tUm hn BÀ {]t_m-[-N-{µ³ \mbÀ : NmcptIin : BZn

Cu cmK¯n imkv{XobkwKoX IrXnIÄ kpe`aÃ; [mcmfw kn\namKm\§Ä CXns\ B[mc am¡p¶p. (AIse AIse \oemImiw...)

Btcm-lWw

: k cn2 K2 a1 ] [1 \n1 k

]Ãhn

: Kpcphmbqcnse I®m \ns¶ Hcp Ipdn IqSn Rm³ It­mt«

Ah-tcm-lWw : k \n1 [1 ] a1 K2 cn2 k cmKhnh-cWw : 26þmas¯ tafIÀ¯mcmKamWv NmcptIin. Hcp iàn cmKw; `àn ck {][m\w.

A\p]Ãhn : Hcp Ipdn IqSn \n³ lcn\oehÀW¯n Ccpangnbpw \«p \nt¶mt« NcWw

kz-c-Øm-\-§Ä : jUvPw, NXp-{ip-XnEj`w, A´c-KmÔmcw, ip²-a-[-yaw, ]©aw, ip²-ss[-hXw, ssIinIo \njmZw.

: \n³ arZp ta\nbn CgpInb Nµ\w F³ a\Ên IpfnÀ s]bvtXmt« \n³ aeÀ¡mÂ\JN{µ{]Imiw ta \·tbepw t_m[ambvt¡mt«

]Ãhn ; k k m \n m [ m ] m m ] m ] m ; cn K m a m K cn m cn m k m k m .. Kp cp hm . . . bq . . . cn . se . . . I . ®m .. \n . . . . s¶... ; k cn m K a m ] m m ] m ] ; ; ] [m \n [ m ] m m m m m m m .. H cp Ip dn Iq... Sn Rm³ .. I . . t­m ... t« .... ..... A\p]Ãhn 1.

; \n k \n m [ \n m m m k m k m ; k cn m K cn m k m ; k m km .. H cp Ip dn Iq .... Sn \n³ . . l cn .. \o e . h . . . ÀW¯nÂ

2.

k \n k \n m [ \n ; m k m k m ; cn K m a K m K cn K cn k m km H . cp Ip dn Iq... Sn \n ³ .. l cn \o e h ..... ÀW¯nÂ

1.

; k cn m \n k m \n m \n [ [ m ] m ; ] m [ ] m [ a ; m ] ; ]m .. C cp an gn bpw .... \ «p .. \n .. t¶m ... t« .... ....

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

33


tIc-f-kw-KoXw

2.

; k cn m \n k m \n m \n [ [ m ] m ; ] [ \n \n m k m m m m m m m .. C cp an gn bpw .... \ «p . .. \n . t¶m . . . t« ........ (Kpcphmbqcnse)

NcWw ; \n [m ] ] m ] ; m ] a Km ; cn K m a K m k m cn K m m m m .. \n ³ . ar Zp .. ta \n bn .  . . . C gp In b . N µ \w... ; ] [ m \n m [ ] m ] a K m ; ] a m \n [ m ] m [ ] m [ a ] .. F ³ a \ Ên  IpfnÀ .. s]bv tXm . . t« ......... 1

; \n k \n m [ \n m m k m k m .. \n ³ a e À ¡m \ J

; k cn m K cn m k m ; k m k m .. N . . {µ {] Im . .. iw ta ..

2

k \n k \n m [ \n ; m k m k m ; cn K m a Km K cn K cn k m k m \n . ³ aeÀ ¡m  \ J .. N . {µ {] Im . . . . . . iw ta ; k cn m \n k m \n m \n [ [ m ] m ; ] m [ ] m [ a ; .. \ . · . . tb .... epw ... .. t_m[ambv t¡m .. t« ...

m ] ; m

; k cn m \n k m \n m \n [ [ m ] m ; ] [ \n \n m k m m ; ; m .. \. · . . tb . . . epw ... .. t_m[ambv t¡m. . t« ... (Kpcphmbqcnse)

hmÀ¯

"kmlnXyw ZÀi\w tPymXnjw' {]Imi\w sNbvXp.

{]nbZÀin\n ]»nt¡j\p th­n tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nff cNn¨ "kmlnXyw ZÀi\w tPymXnjw' F¶ {KÙw sI ]n kn kn {]knUâ v ctaiv sN¶n¯e {]Imi\w sN¿p¶p. ]´fw kp[mIc³, tUm Fw BÀ X¼m³, tUm Sn Pn cmaN{µ³]nff, F³ sI hnPbIpamÀ F¶nhÀ kao]w.

34

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2013


IY tPmbn sP ssIam]d¼³

I®pIÄ Xpd¶ \nanj§Ä kv Iqfnsâ sX¡phi¯pÅ _kv tÌm¸n Rm³ \n¶p. F\n¡p SuWnte¡mWp t]mtI­Xv. kvIqÄ_kvkvtäm¸n  \ndp¯p¶ _ÊpIÄ IpdhmWv. an¡hmdpw _ÊpIÄ enanäUv tÌm ¸mIbm hS¡pÅ Ihebnte \nÀ¯pIbpÅq. At§m«v AÂ]w \S¡Ww. AXp ths­¶p h¨v Hm ÀUn\ndn _kv Im¯p \n¶XmWv. AhnsSsbmcp sjUv sI«nbncp ¶p. bm{X¡mÀ¡p _Êp Im¯p \n¡m³ th­n. cm{Xnbnse km aqlyhncp²sc¶p hnfn¡s¸Sp¶h cpsS {]hÀ¯\^eambn sjUv an¡hmdpw \in¨p. Nne XqWpIfpw s]m«n¯IÀ¶ ta¡qcbpw t\m ¡pIp¯nt]mse \n¶p. kqcy³ Fbv X p hnSp¶ {]Imi¯nsâ A¼pIÄ icocsa¼mSpw apdnth ]n¨psIm­ncp¶p. AÂ]wIqSn \n¶n«p _Êp I ­nsæn hSt¡m«p \S¡msa¶p Rm³ Xocpam\n¨p. At¸mgp­v asämcmÄ F§p\n t¶m F\n¡cnIn {]Xy£s¸Sp ¶p. Hcp hr²³. XebpsS {]Xn^e \w t]mse XmSn. c­pw aªpt]m se \c¨Xv. Fs¶¡­]msS At± lw Nncn¨p. Rm\pw. ]s£ Rm³ ap¼v At±ls¯ I­n«pt­m? Rms\sâ HmÀaIfn ]cXn. A§ s\sbmcp cq]w XSªnÃ. kmcanÃ. ]pXnb Hcmsf ]cnNbs¸Sp¶Xv \à ImcyatÃ? ""sXt¡m«mtWm?'' At±lw tNmZn¨p. ""X¡mew ¹m\nÃ'' Fsâ adp ]Snbnet±lw au\¯nsâ Icn¦Ãp Ifn X«n¯SªphoWp. ]ns¶ AXnsâ AÀYw ]nSnIn«nbXpt]m se s]m«ns¸m«n¨ncn¨p. Rm\Xn ]¦ptNÀ¶p. ""Bfp cknI\mWtÃm'' Nncnbp sS Iq«mbn ]n¶mse Hcp hmNIw. Rm³ adp]Sn ]dbmsX Nncn¨ tXbpÅq. Ipdª kabw sIm­v F\n ¡p t_m[ys¸«p, At±l¯nsâ

icocs¯tb {]mbw ]nSnIqSnbn«p Åq. a\Êv AXnsâ buh\¯nsâ kzmX{´y¯nemWv. At±lw Fsâ {]mbw Duln¨p. AsXt¶mSp ]dbpIbpw sNbvXp. IndpIrXyw. ]s£ F\n¡t±l ¯nsâ {]mbw Duln¡m³ Ignªn Ã. AsX{XbmsW¶v At±lw sh fns¸Sp¯nbXpanÃ. At±lw Xsâ hm¨nte¡p t\m ¡n. F¶n«p ]dªp. ""_Êv DdhqÀ hn«p ImWpw.'' ""AXnhnsS F¯m³ AcaWn ¡qÀ IgnbWatÃm.'' ""th­nhcpw'' At±l¯nsâ NncnbpsS hym]v XnbneqsS Rm\m ]ÃnÃm¯ tamW Ifpw ]n¶nse sXm­bpw I­p. At±lw XpSÀ¶p. ""\½sfÃmw [mcmfw kabw Im¯p \nÂ]n\m bn sNehm¡p¶p­v. AtÃ?'' ""t\cmWv'' AXp ]dªv At±lw Xsâ ssIbnepÅ IpS \nhÀ¯n. AXn sâ ]pdw Idp¸mbncps¶¦nepw DÄ `mKw shfp¸mbncp¶p. AXnsâ ]n Sn hfªXpambncp¶p. Hcp Ime³ IpS. ""IpSbpsS DÄ`mKw shfp¯sX §s\?'' Rm³ tNmZn¨p. B tNmZyw At±l¯nsâ Nncn Xpd¶phbv¡ms\mcp ImcWambn. ""cknI³.'' NncnbpsS Ahkm \w At±lw i_vZn¨p. ]s£ Fsâ tNmZy¯n\p¯cap­mbnÃ. B au \w Fsâ tNmZys¯ \nKqVam¡n. ""C¡me¯v kqcyshfn¨¯n\p t]mepw \à NqSv '' Xm³ IpS \nhÀ ¯nbXns\\ymboIcn¡ms\¶ a«n et±lw ]dªp. At±l¯nsâ hm NIiISw ]ns¶bpw apt¶m«pcp ­p Fsâ sNdp¸¯n kqcyshfn ¨sam¶pw F\ns¡mcp {]iv\ambn cp¶nÃ. sNdp¸Ime¯v tPmenbp ambn _Ôs¸«v Rm³ NmcawKe ¯p\n¶p ]p¯\¼ew hgn Be ¸pg hsc \S¡pambncp¶p. ""AsXmcp henb ZqcatÃ?'' ""sNdp¸¯ne§s\bmbncp¶n

Ã. Hcp IW¡n\v C¶paÃ. ]s£ aäpÅhÀ A{Xbpw \S¡ms\s¶ k½Xn¡nÃ. Fsâ ImepIÄ Xbm dmWv. C¶t¯ BfpIÄ ]¯p NphSpZqcw Xm­m\mbn _ÊpIm ¯p \n¡pw. AsXmcp]s£ Hcp

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IY aWn¡qtdmfw \o­mepw AhÀ¡p hnjaanÃtÃm.'' BImit¯¡p I®pIfb¨n« t±lw XpSÀ¶p. ""a\pjy³ am{Xaà kqcy\pw BImihpw FÃmw amdn. icnbtÃ?'' ""AsXbsX'' ""t\cw shfp¯tÃbpÅq, F´p NqSv.'' ""t\cmWv '' At±lw tdmUnsâ At§ hi t¯¡p t\m¡n. Hcp sNdp¸¡mc³ F§s\ C¸pdt¯¡p \S¡pw F¶ a«nehnsS \n¸p­v. At± lw ]dªp. ""Abmsfmcp AÔ\msW¶p tXm¶p¶p. AXmWn{X {i².'' Rm\pw Abmsf a\Ênem¡m³ {ian¨p. ]s£ H¶pw ]nSnIn«nbnÃ. ""Abmsf Ct§his¯¯m³ klmbn¨mtem F¶p Rm\mtem Nn¡bmWv,'' At±lw ]dªp. ""Cà th­n hcpIbnÃ. AbmÄ t]m¶p.'' Rm\mWp ]dªXv. sNdp¸¡mc³ Ct§his¯ ¯m³ Gsd kabsaSp¯nÃ. kq £vaXtbmSpw thKXtbmSpw Abm Ä R§Ä¡cnInse¯n¡gnªp. AbmÄ BtcmsS¶nÃmsX ]d ªp. ""ChnsS _ÊpIm¯p \n ¡p¶hcps­¶p tXm¶p¶p.'' ""D­v.''hr²\mWp ]dªXv. Xe At±l¯n\p t\tc Xncn ¨p sIm­p sNdp¸¡mc³ tNmZn¨p. ""Xm¦Ä h¶ns«mcp]mSp t\cam tbm sNdp¸¡mcm?'' sNdp¸¡mcm F¶ kwt_m[\ tI«n«mhWw hr²³ Dds¡¨ncn¨p. Rm³ Nncn¨nÃ. sNdp¸¡mc³ A Ô\mtWm F¶dnbm\mbn Rm\m apJt¯bv¡p t\m¡n\n¡pIbm bncp¶p. s\än¡p Xmsg ]pcnI§ fpw Ahbv¡nSbnembn c­p hcI fpw. I®pÅ e£WanÃmbncp¶p. AbmÄ AÔ\msW¶pd¸n¡ms\ \n¡p Ignªp. Xs¶bpaà hr² s\AbmÄ sNdp¸¡mcm F¶mW tÃm hnfn¨Xpw. hr²³ Nncn¨sX´n\msW¶dn bm¯ a«nebmÄ XpSÀs¶m¶pw tNmZn¡msX \n¶p. H¶p kXyam bncp¶p. hr²sâ kzcw sNdp¸¡m cptSXpt]mse sXfnªXpw ZrV hpambncp¶p. sXän²cn¡s¸«Xn sem«pw Xs¶ AÂ`pXanÃ. Xmakn¨msW¦nepw hr²³ sN dp¸¡mc³ t\cs¯ tNmZn¨Xn\p ¯cw ]dªp. ""Rm³ h¶n«p Ipsd t\cambn.'' ""Rm\pw SuWnte¡mWv.'' sN dp¸¡mc³ ]dªp. hr²sâ {]m

36

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2013

bw GsdIpdªXpt]mse tXm¶n. B XeapSnbpw XmSnbpw Idp¯p sIm­ncn¡bmtWm? sNdp¸¡mcm F¶p hnfn¨Xv KpWw sNbvXXp t]mse. ""thsdbpw Btcm Xm¦Ä¡cn Ineps­¶p tXm¶p¶p.'' sNdp¸ ¡mc³ ]dªp. ""D­v''Rm³ ]dªp. ""AXm asämcp sNdp¸¡mc³.'' AbmÄ a{´n¨p. ""A§s\aq¶p sNdp¸¡mÀ.'' At¸mgpw hr²³ Dds¡¨ncn ¨p. AXnsâ ImcWadnªn«p Rm \pw Nncn¨p. Nncn¡msX \n¡p¶ sXmcmÄ am{Xw. AbmfpsS apJ s¯mcp PmfyXbpsS H¨ngªp Ibdp¶Xpt]mse tXm¶n. \nanj§ÄsIm­v AbmÄ hmNme\mbn. AbmÄ R§fpsS kplr¯mbn XoÀ¶p. ImWm³ Ign bp¶hsc¡mÄ A\p`h§Ä A bmÄ¡p­mbncp¶p. Ah R§fp ambn ]¦phbv¡m\pw AbmÄ aSn ¨nÃ. A{]Xo£nXambn hS¡p\n¶v Hcp _kv R§Ä¡cnIn h¶p \n¶p. BscÃmtam Xnc¡n«p AXn \pÅn \n¶pw ]pdt¯¡nd§n. sNdp¸¡mc³ BZyambn _Ên te¡p Ibds« F¶p R§Ä Icp Xn. ]ns¶ hr²³ Ibdn. Ahkm\ ambn Rm\pw. _Ên c­p koäpIÄ Hgnhp ­mbncp¶p. Rm\m sNdp¸Imcs\ ]nSn¨ncp¯n. ]ns¶ hr²s\bpw. ""Xm¦Ä¡ncn¡s­?'' hr²³ tNmZn¨p. ""Bsc¦nepw Fgpt¶Â¡ptam F¶p t\m¡mw. Asæn¯s¶ SuWnte¡[nI ZqcanÃtÃm.'' ]s£ Rm\ncn¡m¯Xn hr ²\pw sNdp¸¡mc\pw Hcpt]mse Ak´pjv S cmsW¶p tXm¶n. Rm³ apIfnse Ccp¼p ZWvUn ]nSn¨p \n¶p. hr²³ Fs¶ t\m ¡ns¡m­pXs¶bmWncp¶Xv. sNdp¸¡mc\mb atäbmÄ Fs¶ ¡mWp¶nÃtÃm. _kv tÌm¸v hnt«mSn¯pS§n. tdmUn [mcmfw Ip­pw Ipgnbpw. _kvhÃmsX BSnbpeªpsIm ­ncp¶p. AsXs¶bpw _m[n¨p. IpsdtbmSnbn«v _kv \n¶p. AXp asämcp kvtäm¸mbncp¶p. F s´mcmizmkw. Rm³ Ccp¼pZWv Unse ]nSn hn«p. AÂ]t\cw kzX {´ambn \n¡matÃm. tÌm¸n Im¯p\n¶hÀ _ Ên Ibdm³ Xnc¡pIq«n. BWp §fpw s]®p§fpambn [mcmfw t]

cp­mbncp¶p. \à t]io_ehpw DincpapÅhÀ s]s«¶p Xs¶ Ibdn¡qSn. kv{XoIfpsS hmXn¡ IqSn a[yhbkvIbmsbmcp h\nX _Ên te¡p Ibdn. AXv Ahkm\s¯ Bfmbncp¶p. AhfpsS H¡s¯m cp Ipªpap­mbncp¶p. AXv sNdp Xmbn IcªpsIm­ncp¶p. _Êv Hm«w XpS§nbt¸mÄ Ipªnsâ Ic¨nen\pw thKXtbdn. Icbp¶ Xns\m¸w AXnsâ aq¡pw iàn bmbn Hen¡m³ XpS§n. I­IvSÀ Ccn¡p¶ kv{XoIsf t\m¡ns¡m­p ]dªp: ""Bsc¦n epw Hs¶Woäp sImSp¡v.'' Bcpsagpt¶änÃ. tIÄ¡m¯ a«nencp¶p. Ipªnsâ Ic¨nen\p iàn hÀ[n¨p. B kv{Xo ]pcpj³amcncn¡p¶ hit¯¡p h¶p. FÃmhscbpw Zb\obambn t\m¡n. B t\m«hp ambn Gäpap«mXncn¡m\mbn Bfp IÄ aäpZn¡pIfnte¡p t\m¡nbn cp¶p. AXn\nSbv¡v AhÄ Ipªn sâ aq¡p ]ngnªp sXdn¸n¨p. tZl¯p hogmXncn¡m\mbn Rm s\mXp§n \n¶p. GXmbmepw B AÀ[{Zhw _Ênsâ ]eIbnte ho WpÅq. aq¡p ]ngnb IqSnbmb t¸mÄ Ipªnsâ Ic¨n kzcw ]qÀhm[nIw hÀ[n¨p. ""Bsc¦nepw Hs¶Woäp Xcn tÃ?'' AhÄ Dds¡ tNmZn¨p B cpaXp tI«Xmbn \Sn¨nÃ. s]s«¶v AÔ\mb B sNdp¸ ¡mcs\Woäp. ""tZ ChnsSbncn ¡mw.'' AbmÄ ]dªp. tIÄt¡ ­Xmakw kv{Xo B Hgnª koän encp¶p. Ipªnsâ Ic¨n ]nSn¨p \nÀ¯nbXpt]mse \n¶p. _Ên sâ Ne\w sXm«nem«w t]mse A Xn\\p`hs¸«p XpS§nbncn¡Ww. Fsâsbm¸w Ibdnb hr²³ AÔ\mb sNdp¸¡mct\mSp ]d ªp, ""Zm ChnsSbncn¡mw.'' At±lsaWoäp sNdp¸¡mcsâ AcnInte¡p ]Xps¡ \o§n. ""A bmÄ¡p I®pI­pIqSm. F¶n«m WhÄ¡p koäp sImSp¯Xv,'' hr ²³ ]dbp¶p­mbncp¶p. Ccp¶p bm{X sNbvXncp¶hcp sS _[ncIÀW§fpw AÔt\{X §fpw Xpd¶Xpt]mse tXm¶n. \nch[nbmfpIÄ NmSnsbWoäv A Ôbphmhns\£Wn¨p, ""hcq Chn sSbncn¡mw.'' H¶pw I­nsænepw AÔ\m b B sNdp¸¡mc³ hnSÀ¶ Nncn tbmsS BcpsStbm ssIbpsS k lmbt¯msS Hcp koänencp¶p.


Iem-temIw BÀ«nÌv Im«qÀ \mcm-bW]nff

Kp

Nn{XIesb k¼¶am¡nb ktlmZc Iemhn`mK§Ä

lIÄ¡pÅnepw ]md¸p d§fnepw \nXyPohntXm ]IcW§fnepw {ItaW hoSpIfnepw hkv{X§fnepw `n¯n IfnepsaÃmw Ncn{XmXoXImew ap Xent§m«v ]Sn]Snbmbn hfÀ¶ hcbpsS hnhn[L«§Ä ImWmw. OmbmNn{X§fpw hnjbm[mcNn{X §fpw kzX{´Nn{X§fpw kÀKm ßIXbpsS {]IS\ambn. Bßmhn jvImcam[yaambn A`nhr²ns¸«v Nn{XIe IemImc³amcpsS ImgvN ¸mSnepw km[\kma{KnIfpsS e `yXbnepw kw`hn¨ ]cnWma§fn eqsS, hnhn[{]Øm\§fpsS khn tijXIfpÄs¡m­v \ne\n ¡p¶p. inÂ]IebpsS hfÀ¨bpw CXpt]mse Xs¶. Ccp]Xmw\qäm­n hfÀ¶p ]´en¨ B[p\nI Ie hÀ¯am\

_m¯nIv

Iesb¶pw D¯cm[p\nI Iesb ¶pw t]À ]Xnª c­p imJIfn eqsSbpÅ hnIk\hgnIÄ C¶pw XpSÀ¶pt]mcp¶p. B[p\nIIebpsS t{ijvTXí SnØm\w IemImc³amcpsS hyàn KX þ \qX\þ LSI§fpsS Iq«n t¨À¡epIÄsIm­v krjvSn¡s¸ Sp¶ X\nabmWv. C¯c¯nÂ

IemImcsâ AXpeykw`mh\bp sS km£m¡mc¯n\v \qX\cq] §fpsSbpw AhXcW¯nsâbpw A]qÀhambka{KX AXymhiy amWv. Cu A]qÀhXbpsS At\z jW¯n IemImc³amÀ¡v ]e t¸mgpw ss]XrI¯nsâbpw t]mb Ime kma{KnIfpsSbpw D]tbmK hgnIÄ At\zjn¨psN¶v Ahbn se ImXemb Imcy§Ä FSp¯v X§fpsS BteJ\{]{InbIfn ]p\Àþ hn\ymkw sNt¿­nh¶n «p­v. C§s\ B[p\nI Nn{XIe bpsS hfÀ¨bn Iq«mbnh¶ c­p {][m\imJIfmWv _m¯n¡v, {Km ^n¡v (BATIK, GRAPHIC) F¶o Iemhn`mK§Ä. Cu c­p hn`mK §fnepw hn]peamb km[yXIÄ IW¡nseSp¯v hnhn[ D]hn`mK §fpap­v. _m¯nIv (BATIK): XpWn hkv {X§fn {]mtZinI ({]IrXnZ¯) \nd§fp]tbmKn¨v hnhn[cq]§Ä hc¨v tamSn]nSn¸n¡p¶ k{¼Zmb amWv _m¯n¡v Nn{XcN\bpsS {]mYanI cq]w c­mbnc¯ne[nIw hÀj§Ä ]g¡apÅ Cu Nn{XcN \mcoXn C³tUmt\jy³ dn¸»n

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Iem-temIw ¡nse PmhmZzo]pIfnemWv hfÀ ¶sX¶v Ncn{Xw. _m¯n¡v F¶ ]Zw Xs¶ Pmhþ `mjbpambn _ Ôs¸«ncn¡p¶p. sX¡p Ing¡³ GjymcmPy§Ä P¸m³, ssN\, B{^n¡, Nne bqtdm]y³ cmPy §Ä ]ns¶ C³Uybn cmPkv Xm³, KpPdm¯v XpS§nbnS§fn ]mc¼cyambn XpWnbn Nn{Xw hc bv¡p¶ k{¼Zmbap­mbncp¶p. arK§fpsS tXmenepw Cu cN \{]tbmKn¡s¸«ncp¶p. ]cp¯n, kn¡v XpS§nb XpWnIÄ \¶mbn IgpInbpW¡nbXn³ta sagpIv Dcp¡nbXn ap¡nb {_ jpsIm­v Nn{X§Ä hc¨v, sagpIv BhiyambnS§fn ho­pw ]c ¯nbpW¡n ]n¶oSv Bhiym\pk cWw t\À¸n¨p h¨ncn¡p¶ Nmb ¯n ap¡nsbSp¯pW¡nb ti jw XpWnbn Nmbw \¶mbn ]nSn ¨ncn¡p¶Xn\pth­n D¸pemb\n bn ap¡nbpW¡n ]ns¶ NqSpsh ůnen«v sagpIpcp¡nsbSp¯p amän hc¨ Øe§Ä XpWnbpsS shÅ\ndw _m¡nbm¡n ]qÀ¯n bm¡p¶p. Cu Nn{X¯n aäp \nd §fpsS hcIÄIqSn thWsa¦n ta¸dª t{]mkkv ho­pw sN ¿pI. CsXmcp efnXamb coXnbm sW¦nepw sagpInsâ D]tbmK{Ia ¯nepw, Hcp \nd¯n\pta asämcp \ndw ap¡nsbSp¡pt¼mÄ In«p¶

hÀWhn\ymk§fpw, bmZrÝnIsS IvkvNdpIfpw (Texture) Cu cN\ bn {]tXyIXIfpÅ ZriyImgvN IÄ \ÂIp¶p. _m¯n¡v k{¼Zmb¯n ssS B³Uv ssU (TIE AND DYE) hn`mK hpap­v. hnhn[ hÀW¡mgvNIÄ e`n¡p¶ CXnsâ {]tXyIXIÄ a\Ênem¡n B[p\nI Nn{XIe bn {]hÀ¯n¨ ]e IemImc³ amcpw C¯cw _m¯n¡v Nn{X§Ä XpWnbn sNbvXv s{^bnan«v _m ¡v sseäv sImSp¯v {]ZÀin¸n¨n «p­v. IqSmsX em¼v sjbvUv hmÄlmwKnMv XpS§nb km[\§ fpw Iem]cambn cq]IÂ]\sN¿ s¸«n«p­v. {Km^n¡v (GRAPHIC): Nn{XIm c³ Xs¶ ssIsIm­v \nÀan¨p­m ¡p¶ ]eXcw t»m¡pIfn Nmbw ]pc«n AXnÂ\n¶pÅ Cw{] j³ t]¸dnte¡v FSp¯pX¿mdm ¡p¶ Nn{X§fmWv {Km^n¡v Nn{X§Ä. ent\mfnbw, IÂjoäv, ac¸eI, kn¦v, ]n¨f, sN¼v XpS §nbhbn hnhn[coXnIfn Nn{Xw hc¨v sIm¯nsbSpt¯m F¨nMv aptJ\tbm t»m¡pIfp ­m¡n Ahbn Bhiyamb Nmb§Ä ]pc«n ]e hgnIfneqsS ISemkp]IÀ¸pIfp­mç¶ k {¼ZmbamWnXv. hfsc¡meambn FÃm cmPy§fnepw Cu cN\mhnZy

IhnX sImt«-¡mSv sI _n kp[m-Ic ]Wn-¡À

\nehnep­mbncp¶p. C¯cw Cw {]j³ Nn{X§fnse bmZrÑnI, sSIvkvNdÂþ cq] e`yXbpsS ta ·IÄ ]cnKWn¨v B[p\nI Iem Imc³amÀ \qX\km[yXIÄ¡mbn Cu am[yahpw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯n. teml^eI§fn F¨nMv t{]mkkv Ahew_n¨ ]IÀ¸p Nn{X§Ä ]Xn\memw \qäm­papX te \nehnep­mbncp¶p. ent¯m, Hmentbm{Km^v, kv{Io³{]nânMv, tImtfm{Km^v XpS§nb Nn{X\nÀ amW coXnIfpw {Km^nIv hn`mK ¯nse IemImc³amÀ kÀKmß IcN\IÄ¡v D]tbmKn¡p¶p­v. ent¯m{K^nbnepw, F¨n§nepw C¶v t^mt«m{Km^n IqSn ka\zbn ¸n¨v AÂ`pXIcamb Zriyhnkva b§Ä {Km^n¡v cN\mcoXnbn IemImc³amÀ sN¿p¶p. bZrÑbm I®nÂs¸Sp¶ Zriy cq]§sf {Km^nIv Ie hgn \nÀan s¨Sp¯v B[p\nIIemhn`mK¯n sâ k¼¯p hÀ[n¸n¡msa¶v C ¶s¯ IemImc³amÀ Is­¯n; Cu X{´w temIsa¼mSpw {]Ncn çIbpw sNbvXp. Nn{XIe ]Tn¸n ¡p¶ Iemeb§fn Cu Iemhn `mK§sfÃmw Xs¶ kp{] [m\]m Tyhnjb§fmbn. {]kn² cmb A\h[n apXnÀ¶ IemImc³amÀ taÂ]dª Iemhn`mK§fn {]hÀ¯n¨phêì.

skÂt^m¬

ImtXm-Sp-Im-tXm-c-tam-tcm -c-l-k-y-§Ä Bcp-a-dn-bmsX ssIam-dp-hm³ C{X hn\oXklmbw ]I-cp¶ skÂt^m-Wn-sX-s´mcp \à lwkw!

Dä-hsct\cn¡­p ]c-kv]cw Imc-y-§-sfms¡ ]dªpXoÀ¡mw hmÀ¯m-hn-\n-a-b-¯n-¶nXp t]msemcp am[-y-a-apt­mFSp-¯p-Im-«m³!

F{X-a-t\m-l-camwcq]-IÂ]\! F{X hnZ-Kv[amwimkv{X-hn-Zy! \nXyw \hw-\-h-co-Xn-bn-se-{Xtbm skÂt^mWo `qan-bnÂhmWp-t]mbn!

NmÀPp-thWw,IptdImip-thWw, ]ns¶ F¯p¶ Zn¡nÂShdpthWw. Ipä-§-tf-sd-bp-s­-¦nepwt^mWn-Ãmþ aÀXycoa¶nÂIpd-¨p-am{Xw.

s]§-sf-¡mÄ, s]säm-c-½-sb-¡mÄ kz-´-`m-c-y-sb-¡mÄXsâ a¡-sf-¡mÄ AX-y´ hmÂk-e-y-]qÀhw s]mXn-sª-Spþ s¯§pw \S-¸mWpssIhn-SmsX!

kÀh{X I¬t{Sm-fpw- sX-än-sbm-cn-¡eo skÃp-IÄdnMvtSm-WSnXpSÀ¶m i_vZtImem-l-e-sa-´m-bn-cn-¡p-saþ ¶n¯ncn t\c-sam-t¶mÀ¯p t\m¡q!

]m«p-]m-Sn¡mw, ]S-sa-Sp¡mwCjvSþ Nn{X-§Ä t\cn«pI­n-cn¡mw t\c-a-dnbmw, IW-¡p-Iq«mwsXm«mþ se{Xtbm t]schnfn-¨p-Iq«mw

`qan-bn X³ kpJ-hmgvhn¶mbv am\-h³ X³ _p²n-bn XoÀ¯ kÀh-k-zhpw F¶p-a-h¶p \nb-{´-Wm-[o-\-ambv Xocp-hm-\m-in¡mw, {]mÀYn-¨n-Smw.

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Infnsamgn tUm ]n tkXp-\m-Y³

"D

cnbIpdhp sXmÅmbnc¸d \ne¯n\v DSbhsc¶p' {K ÙhcnIfn hntijn¸n ¡p¶ \ncWs¯ Xr¡]mteizc s¯ almtZhcpsS alnam\w `àn hgnbnepw Ncn{Xhgnbnepw Xpeyw NmÀ¯s¸«n«p­v. \ncWw IhnI fpsS Iq«mbvabn a[yØm\ob \mb \ncW¯p cma¸Wn¡cpsS X«I¯nemWv Xr¡]mteizc{]`p hnsâ \ne AÃm¨m B alm{]`p hnsâ Xncp\Sbnse IpSnInS¸pIm c\mbncp¶p \ncWs¯ cma³. ae bn³Iosg am[h\pw sImSp§Ãqsc shÅm§ÃqÀ¡mc\mb i¦c\pw a[ytZis¯ cma\pw tNÀ¶p kzcp Iq«nb \ncWw IfcnbpsS kmln Xyhgnbnse ta· "§¡'dnbmw. Ct¸mgs¯ IhnIfpsS Iq«mbva amXncn Hmcv Znhkw H¶v F¶ IW ¡n\v IhnX tImdn¡q«n tIgvhn¡m sc a¡mdm¡m³ H¯pIqSnbncp ¶nÃ. Imhyhnjbw, cN\, `mj, ssien XpS§n Imhye£y¯n hsc Ahcv Hcp tNcn¡mcmbncp¶p F¶pw, aWn{]hmfIhnIfpsSbpw Iq¯¨namcpsSbpw eoemhnemk ¯n aXnad¶v ebn¨pw ckn¨pw InS¶ aebmfIhnXsb C¶nsâ hgnbnem¡n Xp©s¯ Kpcp]mZ cpsS Im¨ph«n F¯n¨p sImSp ¯Xv "\ncWw ]Wn¡³amÀ' F¶v kmlnXyI¦mWnamÀ HmcnbnSp¶ Cu almIhnIfmWv. CXns\Xnsc IpgeqXp¶ ]p¦³amsc hn«p If bn³. Imcyw ]dªp "\½' hgn amdn t¸mbn. ½¡v Xr¡]mteizct¯ ¡p \S¡mw. ]¼bmdnsâ Ipfnce IÄ C¡nfn¡q«p¶ \ncW¯nsâ Hmcw NmcnbmWv Xr¡]mteizc s¯ tXhcpsS \S. skâ vtXmakv F¶ ]Snªmd³ ]mXncn \ncW ¯p h¶v B {Kma¯nse {_mÒW sc amÀKw Iq«n \ncWs¯mcp ]Ån ]WnXv {InkvXobIq«mbva D­m ¡nbXmbn ]ga. aXw amdm¯ {_m ÒWÀ X§fpsS {]amW§fpw hn etbdnb tcJIfpw Hcp s]«nbnem ¡n B "hfhcs¸«n' Xr¡]mteiz csâ Ipf¯nen«v \mSphn«p. Imeta sd¡gnªv t£{X¯n h¨v I ]ItÈcn IbvaÄ¡v ssZhZÀi\w sIm­v Cu "hfhcs¸«n' e`n¨p. A t±lamWv \ncWs¯ tIa\pw

DStbmcpsS \µn

{]kn²\pamb "s]«n¡bvaÄ' At± lamWv Xr¡]mteizct£{Xw ]pXp¡n]WnXXv F¶p Ncn{Xw. Cu t£{X\Sbn `Khmsâ hml\amb Hcp Iqä³ ImfbpsS cq]w inebn XoÀ¯n«p­v. F® ¡dp¸p\ndhpw \oemRvP\angnI fpw DbÀ¯nb sNhnIfpw AXna t\mlc§fmb sIm¼pIfpw DÅ Cu Imf¡p«³ Xncp\Sbn tZh\v A`napJambn InS¡p¶p. Hät\m«

¯n Xn¶p XSn¨psImgp¯ Hcp aqcn¡p«³ InS¡p¶p Ft¶ tXm ¶q. F¶m Xr¡]mteizcs¯ D]tZh³amcn Hcmfmb Cu hrj `¯n\v ]qPbpw \nthZyhpw BcXn bpap­v. BÀ¯{XmW]cmbW\pw `à hÂke\pw `àc£I\pw Hs¡ bmsW¦nepw `Khm³ {io]ctaiz c³ `à³amtcmSv sIm¨phÀ¯ am\w ]dbm\pw skmd ]dbm\pw Iq«m¡m¯ tZh\mWv. `b`àn _lpam\t¯msS am{Xta aq¸sc kÔn¡m\mIq. {ioIrjvW]cam ßmsh amXncn euInI hgnIÄ B Xncp\SIfn ]änÃ. AXpsIm ­mWv Nne Xncp\SIfn `à³ amÀ {]mc_v[s¡«pIÄ `Khmsâ AI¯ptÅmcpw hma`mKkvYnXbp amb A½bv¡p ap¶n kaÀ]n¡p (tijw 47þmw t]PnÂ)

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teJ\w s{]m^. Ip¼f¯p im´Ipamcn A½

k\ymkntbm kzmantbm?

`m

cX¯nsâ hninjvSkw kvImcamWv k\ymkw. kÀhkwK]cnXymK¯ne[njvTnX amb B hninjvS kwkvImcw \ap ¡p Nq­n¡mWn¨pX¶Xv, A¯cw ZpÀKa amÀK§fneqsS k©cn¨v e£y¯nse¯nt¨À¶ A\p`h k¼¶cmb Ejoizc·mcmWv. `u XnIkpJ§sf ]mtS]cnXyPn¨v ImSI§fnepw Klzcm´c§fnepw GIm´ X]Ê\pjvTn¨ B km[p ¡Ä hmcnhnXdn¯¶XmWv \man ¶\p`hn¨pt]mcp¶ BßobXbp sSbpw kwkvImc¯nsâbpw {]Im iw. Ejn F¶ ]Z¯n\pXs¶ {] Imin¸n¡p¶h³ F¶ÀYap­v. A hnZybpsS AÔImcs¯ hn]mS\w sN¿m\pw, A[ymßhnZybpsS {] ImiwsIm­v temIs¯ tXtPma bam¡m\pw {ian¡p¶hcmWv Ejn amÀ. `mcXkwkvImc¯nsâ khn tijXXs¶ AXn\v BÀjIm´n bps­¶XmWv. `mcXw C¶pw Xnf §nhnf§p¶Xpw BhninjvSIm ´nbpsS amkvacnIamb {]`mhebw G¡p¶XpsIm­mWv. \½psS Ejoizc·mcpsS ap{ZmhmIyw XymK amWvþ AhcpsS e£yw kvt\lam Wvþ temImx kakvXmx kpJnt\m `h´p F¶XmWv AhcpsS B]vX hmIyw. Cu hninjvSkwkvImc¯n sâ AhXmc§fmbn \nÊwKcpw \ncolcpw \nÀte]cpw \nÀaacpam bn Pohn¨hcmWv \½psS k\ymkn t{ijvT·mÀ. i¦cmNmcykzmanIÄ, {iocma IrjvW ]calwkÀ, {io hnthIm \µkzmanIÄ, {io hnZym[ncmP N« ¼nkzmanIÄ, {io\mcmbW Kpcp kzmanIÄ, {io \oeIWvT XoÀY ]mZkzmanIÄ, {io XoÀY]mZ ]ca lwk kzmanIÄ XpS§n F{Xsb {X k\ymknamÀ! ImjmbaÃ, k \ymksa¶pw AXp a\Ên\p ssI htc­ Hcp kwkvImcamsW¶pw kzPohnXwsIm­v \s½ ]Tn¸n¨ bXnhcy\pw PKZvKpcphpamWv {io N«¼nkzmanIÄ. Imhnap­pSp¡m sXbpw tbmKZWvsUSp¡msXbpw

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2013

N«¼nkzmanbpw {io\mcmbW Kpcphpw

Hcp km[mcW¡mcs\t¸mse Pohn¨ N«¼nkzmanIÄ "Úm\w k\ymke£Ww' F¶v Dds¡ D tLmjn¨ bXnhcy\mbncp¶p. C§s\bpff bYmÀY alÀjo izc·msc ]Tn¨p a\Ênem¡nbn«p ffhcmWv \½Ä, `mcXobÀþ AXp sIm­mWv k\ymknsb¶pw kzman sb¶pw tIÄ¡p¶ am{Xbn \½p sS a\Êv `ànsIm­pw BZchp sIm­pw \ndªpXpfp¼p¶Xv. F tâXv, Rm³ F¶ Xc¯nepff kzmÀYNn´IsfÃmw \ykn¨vþ D t]£n¨v þ Nn´bnepw {]hr¯nbn epw hm¡nepw PohnX¯nemIam\w hnip²nbpw kwba\hpw ]IzXbpw ]men¨v CuizcNn´bn am{Xw kZm apgpIn¡gnbp¶hcmWv B B[ymßnI Kpcp¡·mcpw kzmanam cpw. AhcmWv bYmÀY kzmanamÀ. CXv FÃmhÀ¡pw km[n¡p¶ Hcp ImcyaÃ. P·wsIm­pw IÀawsIm ­pw _mey Iuamcbuh\ Ime L«§Ä k\ymknbmbn Pohn ¡m³ FÃmhÀ¡pw ]äpIbnÃ. {ioi¦cmNmcy³ ]dbp¶Xp t]mse _mekvXmhXv {IoUmkàx XcpW kvXmhXv XcpWokàx hr² kvXmhXv Nn´maáx

]cta {_ÒWn tImƒ]n\kàx IjvSw! hmÀ[Iy¯nÂt]mepw Nn´maá\mbncn¡m\mWv a\pjy ³ {ian¡p¶Xv. Hcp L«¯nepw B ßÚm\w t\Smt\m `KhZv`P\ ¯nt\m Bcpw X¿mdÃ. {ian¡p ¶panÃ. t{ijvTamb a\pjyP·w e`n¨n«p C{Xbpw hnthIiq\ycmbn a\pjyÀ A[¸Xn¡p¶tÃm F¶p Nn´n¨p t]mIpIbmWv BNmcy kzmanIÄ. F¶m \½psS Ejo izc·mÀ k\ymkm{iaw t{ijvTam sW¶p IcpXn kzoIcn¨p Pohn¨ hcmWv. AXpsIm­mWv k\ymk t{ijvT·mÀ \½psS BZchn\pw Bcm[\bv¡pw ]m{XambXpw. \ ½psS k\ymkk¦Â]¯nsâ BÄcq]§fmbncp¶ AhÀ {]Xy £ ssZh§Ä Xs¶bmbncp¶p. k\ymkhr¯nbpsS A]Nbw ]s£ Ct¶m? ssZh¯nsâ kz´w \mSv F¶v hntijn¸n¡s¸Sp¶ tIcf¯n k\ymkhr¯n¡p kw `hn¨ncn¡p¶ A]Nbw a\Êns\ thZ\n¸n¡p¶p. ZpxJn¸n¡p¶p. \ncmibnÂs¸«pt]mIp¶ þ "Rm³' "FtâXv' F¶ Xc¯nepff kzmÀ YXmÂ]cy§fn ASnapSn ap§m \pw euInIkpJ§Ä BkzZn¡m


teJ\w ³th­n GXäwhsc t]mIm\pw C¶s¯ k\ymknamÀ Hcp¡amWv. _mlycq]hpw B`y´cNn´Ifpw X½n Hcps]mcp¯hpw CÃ. F ´n\pw t]mcp¶hcmWv ChÀ. Cu k\ymknamÀ shdpw ^m³kn{UÊp Imcmbnamdnt¸mbn. Ipdª]£w ChÀ¡v k\ymknthj[mcnIfmbn A`n\bn¨v k\ymknamsc¦nepw B hmXncp¶pIqtS? thsd F{Xtbm thj§Ä D­v! Ah kzoIcn¨p IqtS? ]t£ k\ymknamscam{Xw \mw F´n\p Ipäw ]dbp¶p! C¶v FÃm aWvUe§fnepw CXpXs¶btà ImWp¶Xv! cmjv{SobþkmapZm bn IþkmaqlnIþkmwkv I mcnIcwK §fnseÃmw C¶v CXpXs¶bmWv kw`hn¨psIm­ncn¡p¶Xv. FÃm aWvUe§fnepw I]Sthj[mcn IÄ hfÀ¶psIm­ncn¡p¶p. AXp sIm­v `uXnIamb hn]¯v [mcm fw D­mbns¡m­pancn¡p¶p. B [ymßnItaJebnse Im]Syw hf scb[nIw tZmj§Ä D­m¡pw. ]pcmtWXnlmkIme§fnepw CXpt]mepff I]Sthj§Ä D ­mbn«p­v: cmhW³ k\ymknbp sS thjw [cn¨mWtÃm koXbpsS B{ia¯n F¯nbXv. Aleym

{]m]vXn¡mbn tZth{µ\pw KuXa alÀjnbpsS cq]w kzoIcn¨p. k \ymkncq]w hfsc kuIcyamWv. B{ia¯nepw teUokv tlmÌep Ifnepw FhnsSbpw sNÃmw. k\ym knamsc¡pdn¨v \à A`n{]mbamW tÃm `mcXobcpsS a\ÊnepffXv. CXp a\Ênem¡nbn«mWv i¦cmNm cykzmanIÄ ]t­ ]dªXv. PSntemapÞo epRvOnXtIix Imjmbmw_c _lpIrXthjx ]iy¶]nN\ ]iyXn aqtVmþ lypZc\nan¯w _lpIrXthjx PShfÀ¯nbpw incÊpapWvU \w sNbvXpw intcmtcma§Ä ]ngp sXdnªpw Imhnhkv{Xw [cn¨pw ]e thj§fpw sI«p¶p. Chsb Ãmw hbäp¸ng¸n\pth­nbpff th jwsI«Â am{Xw. Cu thj`qjmZn IfnemIrjvScmbn ]ecpw _enbm SpIfmbn NXn¡pgnbnÂs¸«pt]m Ip¶p. Cu Im]Syhpw h©\bpw DZc]qcW¯n\p am{Xta D]Icn ¡pIbpffqsh¶v BNmcykzman IÄ Nq­n¡mWn¡p¶p. k\ymknamtcmSp am{Xaà kaq l¯n \ne\n¡p¶ FÃmhn[ Im]Sy§Ä¡psaXnscbmWv B

]cn_v{`an¡p¶hÀ

kp

ld cmhnse Fgpt¶äv tkmkv]m\n shÅ saSp¯v Kymkv Hm¬ sNbvXv ASp¸¯p h¨p. ]Ãp tX ¡phm³ {_jv FSp¯psIm­v apät¯¡p t]mbn. apä¯p ]Ãp tX ¨p sIm­p\n¶t¸mÄ ASp¡f bn Xo Bfn¡¯p¶Xp I­p. HmSn ASp¡fbn h¶p. F´p sNt¿­p F¶dnbmsX AhÄ ]cn_v{`an¨p. KymkvIpänbp sS hmÂhv AS¡m³ HmÀ¯nÃ. Hm Sptaª hoSmWv Xo Bfn]nSn¨m Igpt¡men\p Xo ]nSn¡pw. hoSv B sI I¯n\in¡pw. AhÄ D¨¯n  hmhn«p Icªp. AhÄ¡v sS³ j\mbn {]jÀ IqSn. Ic¨n tI«v ]iphns\Id¶n cp¶ `À¯mhv s_¡À HmSn h¶p. F´psNt¿­p F¶dnbmsX ]I ¨p \n¶p. KymkvIpänbpsS hmÂhv ASbv¡phm³ AbmÄ¡pw tXm¶n

bnÃ. Ic¨n tI«v Ab¡mÀ HmSn h¶p. At¸mÄ kpld t_m[ aäp InS¡p¶XmWv I­Xv. h¶hÀ h¶hÀ Xo sISp¯m³ {ian¨p. NneÀ shÅw tImcn Hgn¨p. aäp NneÀ sNfnhmcn Fdnªp. thsd NneÀ ^bÀ t^mgvknte¡v t^m¬ sNbvXp. At¸mÄ AhnsS h¶ Ab ¡mc³ taml\³ tNmZn¨p. Kymkv IpänbpsS hmÂhv ASt¨m? ]cn_v{`at¯msS s_¡À ]d ªp: ""CÃ.'' tI«hgn taml\³ Hcp henb tXm«n D­m¡n FSp¯p KymkvIpän hen¨v apdn¡v ]pdt¯¡n«p. AtXm sS Xo AWªp. At¸mÄ ^bÀ t^mgvkpImÀ F¯n. AhÀ h¶ t¸mÄ Xo \ntÈjw sI«ncp¶p. h¶ hÀ FÃmw ]ncnªp t]mbn. AhÀ ]ckv]cw ]dªp:

NmcykzmanIÄ, Pm{KX ]peÀ¯ Wsa¶ ap¶dnbn¸p \ÂIp¶Xv. \ÃXpt]mse ]co£n¨p \nco£n ¨Xn\p tijta GXpImcyhpw AwKoIcn¡mhq F¶pw BNmcy kzmanIÄ \s½ HmÀan¸n¡p¶p. C¯cw I]Sthj[mcnIÄ B[ym ßnItaJebn F¡me¯pw D­mbncp¶p. Cu taJebn D ­m¡p¶ hn]¯pIÄ \nÊmc§ fÃ. a\pjyP·¯nsâ ]cae£y amb tam£{]m]vXn¡v CXv DXIp IbpanÃ. Úm\amWv k\ymke £Ww. _mlyamb thjw sI«Â apàn¡pXIpIbnÃ. Cu ]caamb kXyw PKZvKpcp \s½ HmÀas¸Sp ¯p¶pþ temImx kakvXmx kpJn t\m `h´p F¶ al¯pw _rl ¯pamb Bib¯nsâ km^ey ¯n\pth­n {ian¡p¶ BNmcy ·mÀ FÃm aXhn`mK§fnepw C ¶pw D­v. Ahsc BZcn¡m\pw kzoIcn¡m\pw B A`nhµy BNm cy·mcpsS ]mZ§fn kmjvSmwKw {]Wan¡m\pw tIcfobÀ¡v Hcp a Snbpw CÃ. AhÀ F¶pw Cu B ßobtPymXnÊpIfn A`nam\w sImffpIbpw sN¿p¶p. AhcmWv bYmÀY k\ymknamcpw kzman amcpw.

IYbpw Imcyhpw kXy³ Xm¶n¸pg

""]cn_v{`an¡p¶hÀ H¶pw sN ¿p¶nÃ. AhcpsS iànbpw Adn hpw ]pds¯Sp¡phm³ IgnhnÃmXm Ip¶p. im´\mbn Nn´n¡p¶hs\ A]ISkµÀ`¯n {]Xnhn[n I s­¯phm³ IgnbpIsbmÅq. ]cn _v{`an¨XpsIm­v Hcp Imcy¯n \pw ]cnlmcap­mIpIbnÃ. saâ ]hÀ t\Sn Icp¯pÅhcmIpI. Ir Xykab¯v taml\³ h¶v Kymkv Ipän hen¨v ]pd¯n«Xp sIm­mWv c£ In«nbXv. th­kab¯v th­Xp sN¿m ³ IgnbWsa¦n Cuizcm\p{K lw IqSn thWw. Cuizcsâ A\p {Klw sIm­mWv FÃmw \S¡p¶ Xv F¶ hnizmkw thWw. s_¡ dn\v Cuizcm\p{Klw th­pthm fw D­v. AXmWv Cu kab¯v tam l\³ ChnsS F¯nbXv. ]¯pan \n«p IqSn IgnªmsW¦n taml \³ tPmen¡p t]mIpambncp¶p.''

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

41


a\Èm-kv{Xw tUm cm-P³ s]cp¶

B{Kl§Ä ^en¡m³ G Às¸-Sp-¶Xv F´p {]hr¯n- h r¯nbnem- b mepw AXv ^e-h-¯m-I-W-sa ¶v B{K-ln-¡m-¯-hcn-Ã. Poh-kÔmcW-¯n\p th­nbm-bmepw B \-µ-¯n-\p-th-­nbm-bmepw \mw sN ¿p¶ {]hr-¯n- F´p-am-bn-s¡m-Å s«, AXn\v \nÝ-b-ambpw ^e-ap-­mI-Ww. AXv kzm`m-hn-I-\o-Xn-bm-Wv. {]b-Xv\-¯n\v ^e-ap-­m-Ip-t¼mÄ \ap¡v kwXr]vXn tXm¶pw. Dt±-in ¨ ^ewXs¶ e`n-¨m kwXr]vXn Cc-«n-bm-Ipw. ^ew CÑn-¡msX IÀ aw sN¿-W-sa¶v `K-hZv KoX; F¶m  ^ew Imw£n-¨mWv \mw km[m-cW-¡mÀ Hmtcm¶pw sN¿p-¶-Xv. B {K-ln-¡p¶ ^ewXs¶ FÃm-bvt]m gpw e`n-¡-W-sa-¶n-Ã. ]t£ \½p sS GXp {]hr-¯n¡pw ¢n]vX-amb Hcp ^e-ap-­v.

e£yhpw ^ehpw e£yhpw ^ehpw X½n _Ô-ap­v. e£y-amWv ^ew. adn¨pw ]dbmw. ^e-amWv e£yw. Ch-bpsS ]c-kv]-c-]q-c-I-Xz-amWv {]hr-¯nbpsS ImXÂ. Btem-Nn¨p t\m¡q. Hcp Znhkw cmhnse Fgp-t\äv c­p Intem-ao-äÀ Zqcw "shdpsX'sbm¶v HmSn-h-cm-sa¶v Bsc¦nepw Xocp-am\n-¡ptam? AsÃ-¦n C¶v "shdp sX'sbm¶v ]d¼p Inf-¨pI-fbmw F¶v Xocp-am-\n¨v Xq¼-bp-sa-Sp¯v ]d-¼n-te-¡n-d§ptam? AXpasà ¦n ImsdSp¯v "shdpsX' SuWnsem-s¡-sbm¶p NpänbSn-¨p-h-cmsa¶v hnNm-cn-¡ptam? AXm-bXv Bsc-¦nepw C¸-d-ª-sXms¡ sN ¿p-sa-¦nÂ, AXn\v ¢n]vX-amb e £y-hp-ap-­m-bn-cn-¡pw. F´n-\v, H ¶pw sN¿msX "shdp-tX-bn-cn-¡m³' HcmÄ Xocp-am-\n-¨m AXn\pap­v Hcp e£y-w. DZm-l-c-W-am-bn, sshIn«v hgnbn h¨v kplr-¯ns\I­t¸mÄ \n§Ä tNmZn-¡p-¶p. ""Ft§m«m?'' ""Hm, shdp-tX.'' F¶mbncn¡pw adp]-Sn. ]t£ C§s\sshIn«v "shdpsX'-

42

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

sbm¶v \S- ¡ m- \ n- d - § p- ¶ hÀ¡pap­v- e£yw-. \S-¸nsâ `uXn-I-amb e£yw a\-Ên e£y-an-Sp¶ Zqcw Xm­p-I-sb-¶-Xm-Wv. ho«nÂ\n¶v ASp¯ PMvj³hsc, AsÃ-¦n ho«nÂ\n¶v sse{_dn hsc, AXp-asÃ-¦n "Ccp-«p-¶-Xp-hsc" F¶n§s\ ¢n]vX-amb e£yt¯msSbmWv Cu "shdptX' \S-¸v. Nne-t¸m Ä ico-c-¯n-\v HcÂ]w hymbmaw, a\-Ên\v AÂ]w B\-µw, Iq«p-Im sc Bsc-sb-¦nepw kÔn-¡Â F ¶n-§s\bmIpw \S-¸nsâ e£yw. "shdp-tX'sb¶p ]d-bp-t¼mÄ e £y-an-sÃ-¶mWv Dt±-in-¡p-¶-sX¦nepw B {]hr¯n e£yan-Ãm¯X-sÃ-¶ÀYw. FÃm {]hr-¯n-Ifpw Dt±-in¡p¶ ^ew \ÂIWsa-¶nsöp ]d-ª-tÃm. DZm-l-c-W-¯n\v, ssh Ip-t¶-cs¯ \S-¸p Xosc ]Xnª a«n-em-Ip-¶-Xp-sIm­v ico-c-¯n\v AsXmcp hymbma-¯nsâ ^ew \ÂIp-¶n-Ã. AXp-t]m-se, \S-¸p XpS-§n Bcw-`-L-«-¯n¯s¶ ]cn-N-b-¡m-cn-sem-cmsf I­v kw km-cn¨p\n¶psh¶p hnNm-cn-¡p-I. AXp-sIm­v kabw t]mb-X-dn-ªnÃ. HSp-hn Ccp-«n-b-t¸mÄ Xncn¨p ho«n-te¡p \S-¶p. At¸mÄ, Ccp «p¶Xp hsc- "\S-¡m³' Ign-bmsX h¶p. I­-tÃm, \S¸v F¶ {]hr¯n ¡v ^ew CÃmsX t]mbn. C§s\ ^ew e`n-¡m-¯-Xn\p Imc-W-sa´mWv? Chn-sS-bmWv btYmNnXbXv\\nba¯nsâ {]k-àn.

`mh\: Nn´bpsS kr-jvSn a\p-jysâ FÃm {]hr-¯n-Ifpw Nn´-bnÂ\n¶mWv Bcw-`n-¡p-¶-Xv. Cu temIw Nn´-bpsS krjvSn-bmsW¶v {io_p-²³ ]d-ªn-«p-­v. At¸mÄ a\p-j - y³Xs¶ Nn´-bpsS krjvSn-bm-Wv. \mw F´p Nn´n-¡p¶pthm AXmWv \mw. Cu `qan-bn ss\kÀ-Kn-I-ambn D­mb {]Ir-Xnbpw {]Xn-`m-k§fpw hkvXp¡fpsam-gn-sIbpÅsXÃmw a\p-jy-kr-jvSn-I-fm-sW¶p

]d-bmw. a\p-jy³ FhnS¶mWv Ch sb krjvSn-¨Xv? a\p-jysâ a\-Ên  \n¶.v a\p-jy-a-\-Ên Ch GXp cq]-¯n-emWv Dcphw sIm­Xv? `mh-\bpsS cq]-¯nÂ. `mh\F¶m-se-´mWv? ]t©{µnb-§Ä sIm­v A\p-`-hn-¡m-\mhm¯ A\p-`q-Xn-Ifpw _nw_-§fpw cp]-s¸-Sp-¯m-\pÅ Ign-hmWv `mh\. Adn-hn-s\-¡mÄ {][m-\-s¸-«-Xm Wv `mh-\-sb¶v sF³ss̳ ]d ªn-«p-­v. Adn-bp-I-sb-¶Xv H¶pta-b-Ã, `mh\sN¿p¶XmWv FÃmsa¶v A\-t¯mÄ {^m³kv ]d ªp. Cu `mh\ \½psS Nn´-bpsS krjvSn-bm-Wv. Nn´-I-fpsS \hy-amb- k-¦-e-\-amWv `mh\. At¸mÄ Nn´bmWv `qan-bnse FÃm hkvXp¡-fp-sSbpw Dd-hnSw. C§s\`mh\-bn Dcphw sIm­ Imcyw, `uXnI-ambn `qan-bn cp]-s¸-«Xv Nn´-I-


a\Èm-kv{Xw fpsS ^e-am-bm-Wv. a\p-jy-a\-Ênep­m-Ip¶ AZriy-amb Hcp-Xcw DuÀP-am-Wv Nn´-. a\p-jy-a-\ÊpXs¶ HcZr-iy-k-¦Â ]-am-Wv. akvXn-jvI-¯nse hnhn-[-`mK§-fpsS {]hÀ¯-\-¯nsâ ^eambn cq]-s¸-«p-h-cp¶ Hcp k¯bmWv a\-Êv. a\Êv \ap¡v AZr-iyam-Wv. AtX-k-abw AXnsâ km¶n [yw \ap¡dn-bmw. AXp-sIm­p Xs¶ a\-Ênsâ ]e {]hÀ¯-\-§fnsem¶mb þ {][m-\-s¸-«-, þ Nn´IfpsS km¶n[yhpw \ap¡v A\p-`h-th-Zy-am-Wv. ]t£ Nn´sb Nn´bmbn \ap¡v ImWm-\m-hp-¶n-Ã. kv ]Àin-¡m-\m-hp-¶n-Ã. AXv C{µnbkw-th-Z-\-¯n\v hg-§m-¯ -DuÀPamWv. Nn´þbXv\wþ-{]-hr¯n {]hÀ¯\w F´p-am-Is«, Nn´n-¡p¶-Xp-sIm­v a\p-jy³ {]hÀ-¯n¡p-¶p. ]t£ Nn´sb {]hr¯n-bnte-s¡-¯n-¡p-¶ Hcp LS-I-ap-­v. AXmWv bXv\w (effort). GXp {]h À¯\-¯n\pw bXv\w thWw. bXv\w imco-cn-Itam am\-knItam BImw. ]t£ bXv\-an-ÃmsX {]hr¯n-bn-Ã. AXn-\ÀYw Nn´ bpw bXv\hpw tNcp-t¼mtg {]hr ¯n-bp-­m-Ip-¶pÅp F¶m-Wv. Nn ´-sIm­v {]hr-¯n-bp-­m-Ip-sa¶v kmam-\y-ambn ]d-bm-sa-¦nepw Ah sb X½n _Ôn-¸n-¡p¶ LSIw bXv\-am-Wv. ]t£ bXv\-ap-Å-XpsIm­v {]hÀ¯-\w -\-S-¡p-sa-¦n epw AXn\v ^e-ap-­m-I-W-sa-¶n-Ã. ^e-ap-­m-I-W-sa-¦n bXv\w Hcp \nÝnX Afhnep-­m-bn-cn-¡-Ww. ChnsS asämcp tNmZyw: - Hcp Nn´ k^-e-amb {]hr-¯n-bm-I-Wsa-¦n AXn\v F{X-t¯mfw bXv\ap-­m-IWw? Hcp-Zm-l-cWw sIm­v \ap¡v Cu tNmZy-¯nsâ D¯-c-at\z-jn-¡mw: amhn InS-¡p¶ am§ ]-dn¨p Xn¶-W-sa¶v \n§Ä Nn-´n¡p-¶p. ]t£ Nn´n-¨-Xp-sIm-­p am{Xw am§ \n§-fpsS ssIbn-se¯p-I-bn-Ã. B Nn´ Hcp {]hr-¯nbmbn ]cn-W-an-¡-Ww. At¸mÄ am§ amhnÂ\n¶v ]dns¨Sp-¡-Ww ({]-hr-¯n). am§ ]dn-¡m³ aq¶p amÀK§-fp-­v. ]dn-s¨-Sp-¡m³ tXm «nbp-]-tbm-Kn-¡mw. AsÃ-¦n amhn ÂIbdn ssIsIm­p ]dn-s¨-Sp¡mw. AXp-a-sÃ-¦n Xmsg-\n¶v I Ãp-sIm­v Fdn-ªn-Smw. ]t£ Cu aq¶p {]hr-¯nIfn GXp kzoI-cn¨mepw AXn\v bXv\w thWw. b Xv\-ap-s­-¦nte am§ ]dn-¡m-\m-hq. C\n CXnsâ ASp-¯-L«w t\m

¡mw: Nn´-bp-ap-­v, bXv\-hpap-­v, {]hr-¯n-bp-ap-­v. amhn \n ¡p¶ am§ Xmsg hcptam? Dd¸n-Ã. DZml-c-W-¯n\v am§ Fdn-ªn-Sm\mWv \n§Ä Nn´n-¡p-¶-sX¶p Icp-Xp-I. Xmsg \n¡p¶ \n§Ä Hcp IsÃ-Sp¯v am§sb e£y-am ¡n amhn-te¡v Fdn-bp-¶p. \n§Ä D¶-sa-Sp¯v Fdn-bp¶ IÃv e£yw sXän am§-bpsS sRSp-¸n sIm Åp¶n-söp hnNm-cn-¡p-I. am§ hogn-Ã. {]hr-¯n¡v ^e-ap-­m-Ip¶n-Ã. C\n \à D¶-apÅ BfmWv \n§- s f- ¶ - X p- s Im­v BZys¯ Gdp Xs¶ am§-bpsS sRSp-¸n sIm­psh¶p hnNm-cn-¡pI. ]t£ Gdn\v th­{X iàn-bn-Ãm-Xn-cp-¶Xp-sIm­v sRSp¸v Aänsæntem? am§ hogn-Ã. At¸mgpw {]hr-¯n¡v ^e-ap-­m-Ip-¶n-Ã. am§ hogm-Xn-cn¡m³ aq¶m-a-sXmcp km[y-X-Iq-Snbp-­v: \n§Ä Fdn-bm-s\-Sp¯ IÃv h-fsc sNdp-Xm-Wv. Gdv sRSp-¸n sIm­p. ]t£ am§ hogp-¶n-Ã. A Xpw \njv^-e-amb {]hr-¯n-bm-bn. It­m, Nn´bpw bXv\hpw {]hr-¯nbpap­m-bn-cp-¶n«pw ^ew In«msX t]mb-Xv. At¸mÄ ]ns¶ ´p thWw? btYmNnX-bXv\\nbaw am§-bpsS sRSp¸v apdn-b-¯¡hn[w hen-¸-apÅ IsÃ-Sp¯v, sRSp¸-äp-t]m-Im³ Bhiy-amb iànbn D¶w sXämsX Fdn-ªmte am§ hogp. hfsc hen-sbmcp IsÃ-Sp¯v AXn-i-àn-bn Fdn-ªmepw am§ hogpw. ]t£ AsX-dn-bm-s\-Sp¡p¶ bXv\w, Fdn-bp¶ Bfn\v A\m-h-iy-amb Imbn-tImÀP\jvSw hcp-¯pw. am§ hogn-¡p-hm³ A Xnsâ Bh-iy-an-Ã. It­m, btYm NnX-bXv\\nbaw (Law of Optimal Effort) {]k-à-am-Ip-¶Xv Ct¸m-gmWv. {]hr-¯n¡p ^ew In«-¯-¡hn[w DNn-X-am-bncn¡-Ww bXv\w. AXn-s\-¡mÄ IqSn-bm DuÀPw ]mgm-Ipw. Ipd-ªm ^ew In«m sX t]mIpw. ^ew e`n-¡m³ F{X thtWm A{X aXn b-Xv\w F¶À Yw. btYm-NnXbXv\-\n-b-a-a-\p-k-cn¨v, Hcp Nn´bv¡v ^e-ap-­mI-Wsa-¦nÂ, B Nn´sb ^tem-·p-J-amI-¯-¡-hn[w DNnXamb bXv\w IqSn AXn-s\m-¸ap-­m-I-Ww. a\p-jysâ Nn´-I-fpsS 20 iXam\w am{Xta ^e-¯nse-¯p-¶pÅp. _m¡n 80 iX-am\w Nn´-Ifpw GIm-{Ktam et£ym-·p-Jtam AÃ. FÃm-¯n-\p-ap-]-cn-bmbn Ah {]hr-

X-yp-·p-J-hp-a-Ã. AXp-sIm­pXs¶ Ah ^e-¯n-se-¯p-¶n-Ã. CX-\pk-cn¨v, "et£ym-·p-J-ambn cq]w sImÅp¶ Nn´bpsS ^eamb Hcp {]hr¯n, -Dt±-in-¡p¶ coXn-bn ^eh-¯mIW-sa-¦n AXns\m¸w btYm-Nn-X-amb bXv\w IqSn D­mbn-cn-¡Ww'. ^ew e`n-¡m-¯Xv F-´p-sIm­v? GX-p {]hr¯n¡pw ^ew In«-W-sa¶mWv FÃm-hcpw B{K-ln-¡p-¶sX¶p ]dªp. ^ew e`n-¡p-¶-Xn \p btYm-Nn-X-amb bXv\w D­m-bncp¶p, F¶n«pw ^ew e`n-¡msX t]mIp¶ kµÀ`-§-fp-­m-Iptam? XoÀ¨-bm-bpw. A§s\{]hr-¯n¡v ^ew e`n-¡p¶n-sÃ-¦n AXn\v Nne Imc-W-§Ä IqSn-tb -Xo-cp. B Imc-W§Ä F-s´m-s¡sb¶v t\m ¡mw. 1. \nÝnX (specific)-amb e£y-an-ÃmXn-cn-¡p-I. 2. e£y-{]m-]vXn-¡m-h-iy-amb tbm Ky-X-I-fn-Ãm-Xn-cn-¡p-I. 3. hyà-amb Bkq-{X-W-an-Ãm-Xn-cn¡pI 4. _mly{]Xn-tcm-[-ap-­m-hpI 5. ka-b-_-Ôn-Xambn ]cn-{i-an-¡mXn-cn-¡p-I 6. Nn´bpw {]hr-¯nbpw X½n-epÅ Ime-ssZÀLyw IqSp-X-em-hpI apI-fn sImSp-¯n-cn-¡p¶ ImcW-§fpsS Hä-bvt¡m Iq«mtbm DÅ km¶n-²y-¯nsâ ^e-ambn, bXv\w At§-bäw DNn-X-am-bn-cp-¶m¯s¶bpw {]hr-¯n¡v ^e-kn-²n-bnÃmsX t]mIpw. B{K-lw km[n¡m³ Nn´-, bXv\w, -{]-hr¯n Cu aq¶pw H¯nW §Ww.

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hmb\imebn kn ]n \mb
I

gnª \qäm-­nÂtIc-f-¯n sâ ss[j-WnIhnlm-b-Ên  A]qÀh `mtÊmsS Bdp-]-Xn-äm­p-Imew hncm-Pn¨ Hcp tXtPm-tKmf-am-bn-cp¶p {io iqc-\m«p Ipª³ ]n-f-f. Aam-\p-j-sa¶pt]mepwIcptX­ _lp-ap-J-amb, Nnc-k-©n-Xamb, ]cn-\n-jvTn-X-amb ]mWvUn-X-y¯nsâ DS-a-bm-bn-cp¶p At±-lw. Iq SmsX, ""{]kmZ-b´olrZ-bm-\-y]n Zznjmw'' F¶ coXn-bnÂ, kua-yhpw hn\o-Xhpw kulmÀZ-]qÀW-hp-amb s]cp-am-äw-sIm­v At±lw kÀh-P\-k-½-X-\m-bn-cp-¶p. GXphnZ-ym-h-yk-\n¡pw \nȦw At±-ls¯ kao]n¡mw, kp\nÝn-X-ambkwi-b-\nhr¯n t\Smw. A¡m-c-y-¯n B ØnX-{]-Ú\p hep-¸-s¨-dp-¸-sam¶p-anÃ. anIhp I­-dn-bp-¶-Xnepw AwKoI-cn-¡p-¶-Xnepw AZ-zn-Xo-b-·m-cm-bncp¶ Znhm³ kn ]n cma-k-zman A¿cp-sSbpw apJ-y-a{´n sI Icp-Wm-I-c sâbpwt]mepw khn-ti-j-amb kv t\lm-Z-c-§Ä BÀPn-¡m³ Ipª ³]n-f-f-Êm-dn\p Ign-ªXv At±-l¯nsâ kÀh-h-ym-]n-bmb, kÀhmwKo-W-ambhnÚm-\-k-¼-¯nsâ K cnasIm­p am{X-aÃ, Hcp h-y-ànsb¶ \ne-bn-ep-ff At±-l-¯nsâ A\- y m- Z r- i - a mbKpW- h n- t i- j - § Ä sIm­pIqSn-bm-bn-cp-¶p.

iqc-\m«p Ipª³ ]n-f-f

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Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

Hcpalm-{]-Xn-`sâ IY A£- c mÀY- ¯ n¯s¶ Ip ª³]n-f-f-ÊmÀ Hcp ]pcp-j-c-Xv\-ambn-cp-¶p. GXpNpa-XeGsä-Sp-¯m epw (shdpw Ccp]-¯©p hb-Êp-am{X-ap-f-f-t¸m-gmWv Xncp-hn-Xmw-IqÀ tÌäv am\p-h F¶ _rlZv{K-Ù¯nsâ \nÀan-Xn¡v At±lw \nbpà-\m-b-sXt¶mÀ¡p-I.) Akm-[m-cW-amb BßmÀY-X-tbmSpw t¢i-kln-jvWp-X-tbmSpw AXp ]c-am-h[n anI-thmsS \nÀh-ln-¡pI F¶-Xmbn- c p¶p At±- l - ¯ nsâ {hXw. tIcf Imfn-Zm-k³, tIc-f-]m-Wn\n, alm-IhnDf-fqÀ, kmln-X-y-]-©m-\ \³ XpS-§nb ]mWvUn-XytemI¯nse Ipem-N-e-§-tfm-sSm¸w X s¶bmWv At±-l-¯nsâØm\-sa¶Xp \nÀhn-hm-Z-am-Ip-¶p. a[-y-Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn iqc-\m«p tZis¯ ]Xmcw F¶ HmWwtIdmaqe-bn P\n¨phfÀ¶, ]mbn¡m«p \oe-I-WvT-¸n-ff Ipª³]nff F¶ CXn-lm-k-]p-cp-j-\mbn ]cn-W-an¨ IY-bmWvtUm ]n tkXp\m-Y³ At±-l-¯nsâ lrZ-y-amb Poh-N-cn-{X-{K-Ù-¯n hÀWn-¡p-¶Xv. _me-ymXv {]`rXn Ipª³]n-ff Êmdn hnf-§n-bn-cp¶ Cui-z-c`àn, kz-`m-h-ip²n, Kpcp-P-\m-Zcw, ssIc-fo-`àn CX-ymZnhninjvSKp W-§Ä, At±-l-¯nsâhnZ-ym-`-ym-kImew, cmP-[m-\n-bn-se-¯n-¡-gn-ªn«p-ff BZ-y-hÀj-§Ä, \nkvX{µhpw \nc-´-c-hp-amb ]T\-K-th-j-W-§ Ä, kmln-X-y-]-cn-{i-a-§Ä, kplrZv hebw Ch-sbms¡ ASp¡pwNn«-bpsam-¸n¨v, ck-I-c-§-fmb D]m-J-ym-\§fpw CXn-hr-¯-§fpw CS-I-eÀ ¯ntkXp-\m-Y³ Bk-zm-Z-y-ambnhn h-cn-¡p-¶p. \mK-a¿m F¶ [nj-Wm-im-ensb-t¸mepwhgn-sX-än¨ "tIctfmÂ]¯n'bnsebpwaäpw _men-i-amb sI «p-I-Y-Ifpw A½q-½-¡-Y-Ifpw sF Xn-l-y-§fpw \nÀhn-i¦w Xnc-kvIcn¨v, kv]jvS-amb sXfn-hp-I-fpsS ]n³_-e-t¯msS am{Xw, hkvXp-Xm]-chpw A]-{K-Y-\m-ß-I-hp-am-b B Z-ys¯ Xncp-hn-Xmw-IqÀNcn{Xw þ Travancore State Manual þ cNn-¨-Xm

Wp Ipª³]n-ffÊmdnsâ _u²nI-amb BZ-ys¯ t\«w. XoÀ¯pw imkv{Xo-bhpw kX-y-k-Ô-hp-amb Cu Ncn-{X-c-N\ cmP-Øm-\-s¯t¸mepw Ak-z-Ø-am¡n F¶phmbn¡p-t¼m-gmWv B bphmhnsâ ss[ c-yhpw kz-{]-X-y-b-ssØ-c-yhpw \mw BZ-cn-¨p-t]m-Ip-¶-Xv. Hcp-]t£ Znhm³ cma-k-zman A¿-cp-sSbpw ]WvUnXkmÀh-`u-a\mbNo^vsk{I-«dn Df-fq-cnsâbpw DtZ-ym-K-Ø-{]-ap-J-cmb Sn sI thep¸n-ff, Nnä-ÃqÀ kn sI \mK³]n-ff XpS-§n-b-h-cp-sSbpw ià-ambkwc£Ww CÃm-bn-cp-s¶-¦n At±-l¯nsâ HutZ-ym-Kn-I-`mhn A]-I-S¯n-em-¡m³, cmPm-[n-Imcw A[r j-y-am-bn-cp¶ A¡m-e¯v, B \nÀ`oI-amb Ncn-{X-c-N\ [mcmfwaXn-bmbn- c p- ¶ p. (Df- f qÀ"DamtI- c - f - ¯ n' epÄs¸Sp¯n HcpNcn-{X-bm-YmÀY-yambn AwKo-I-cn¨ "Ifn¸m³Ipfw kw`-hw't]mepw B bph-N-cn-{X-Imc³ Xf-fn-¡-f-sª-t¶mÀ¡p-I.) tUm tkXp-\m-Y³ Nq­n-¡mWn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]mse, {]Xn-`m-[-\-\m bIpª³]n-f-f-ÊmÀ tÌäv am\ph cN\bpsS t]cnÂe`n¨ kuI-


hmb\imebn c-y-§fpw kuP-\-y-§fpw Xsâ AZa-y-amb hnÚm-\-]n-]mk XoÀ¡p hm³ kmI-te-y\ hn\n-tbm-Kn-¨p. h enbsIm«mcw {KÙ-¸p-c-bnse ]pcmtc-J-IÄ, sk{I-t«-dn-b-änse ]gbdnt¡mUp-IÄ, AX-y-]qÀh-amb {KÙs¡-«p-IÄ Ch-sbms¡ B hnÚmt\m-]m-k-I³ ]c-am-h[n {]tbm-P-\s¸-Sp¯n Xsâ Adn-hnsâ CuSphbv¸v Akq-bm-h-lamwh®w k¼¶-am-¡n. Cu teJ-I-\pÄs¸sS At\-Im-bncw hnZ-ymÀYn-IÄ¡v Adnhnsâshfn¨w ]IÀ¶p-\ÂInb ]u c[Àahpw {ioNn{Xmhym-I-c-W-a-RvPcnbpwapX eoem-Xn-eIw, D®p-\oen-k-tµiw, D®n-bm-So-N-cnXw, N{Ihm-I-k-tµiw, A\-´-]p-c-hÀW\w XpS-§nb {]mam-Wn-I-§-fmb At\ Iw {]mNo-\-{K-Ù-§Ä¡v hnkvXr-Xamb ]T-\-§fpw kÀh-k-tµ-l-tÑ-Znbmb hym-J-ym-\-§fpw, H«-\-h[n {]_-Ô-§fpw At±lw cNn-¨p. Chbn-eqsS A`q-X-]qÀh-amb Hcp ssh Úm-\nI hn¹hwXs¶ Ipª³]nf-f-ÊmÀ `mj-bn krjvSn-¨p. AÔ-Xm-an-{k-¯n-em-­p-In-S¶ `mjm-imkv{X XX-z-§fpw Ncn{X h

Fsâ hoSv

kvXp-X-Ifpw B amÀ¯mWvU Zo]v Xn-bn-emWv BZ-y-ambn shfn¨w I­-Xv. Bdp ]Xn-äm-­p-Im-es¯ Cu ssIc-fo-k-]-c-y-mI-Ybv¡p aIp SwNmÀ¯n-bXv aebmfalm-\n-L ­p F¶ A\n-Zw-]qÀhhpw AXn_r-l-¯p-ambkam-cw-`-¯nsâ t{]m ZvLm-S-I-s\¶ \ne-bn At±lw {]km-[\w sNbvX BZ-ys¯ c­p hme-y-§-fm-Wv. Chbv¡p ]pdta ]m WvUn-X-y-kvt^m-c-Ihpw ]T-\mÀlhp-amb Ah-Xm-cn-I-Ifpw {]`m-j-W§fpw teJ-\-§fpw sIm­v At± lw `mjm-tZ-hn¡v Hcp"tImSnbÀ ¨\'Xs¶ \S-¯n. \`qtXm \`hnj-yXn F¶p ss[c-y-ambn¸d-bmhp¶ hn[-¯nÂ, A{X-am{Xw hn]pe-amb, ]rYKvhn[-amb, A\ÀLamb hnÚm-\-ti-h-[n-I-fmWv B alm-{]m-Ú³ Xsâkmln-X-y-ss]Xr-I-ambn \ÂIn \s½ apàlkvXw A\p-{K-ln-¨-Xv. GXm­p Ahn-i-z-k-\o-b-amb Cu `mjmhcn-h-k-y-bpsS IY-bmWp tUm tkXp-\m-Y³ Xsâ eLp-{KÙ-¯n hnh-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. HXp¡-t¯mSpw {lk-z-ambpw, F¶mÂ

ck-\o-b-§fpw {i-t²-b-§-fp-amb Awi-§-sfm¶pw hn«p-t]m-Im-sX-bpamWv At±-l-¯nsâ BJ-ym\w ]ptcm-K-an-¡p-¶-Xv. Ccp-¯w-h¶ Hcp ]WvUn-X-\p-am{Xw hi-K-amb HcpssIb-S¡w Hmtcm A[-ym-b¯nepw \ndªp\n¡p-¶p. kvac-y]p-cp-j-t\m-Sp-ffhmK-Xo-X-amb kv t\lm-Z-c-{]-IÀjw AX-yp-àn-bn-te ¡pw AXn-i-tbm-àn-bn-te¡pw hgpXn-t¸m-Im-Xn-cn-¡m³ At±lw {] tX-yIw {i²n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. {KÙ-Imcsâ kc-fhpw {]k-¶-hp-amb `mjmssien ]pkvX-Is¯ hnti-jn¨pw BIÀj-I-am-¡p-¶p. `mjm-hn-Z-ymÀYn-I-fp-sSbpw `m jm-[-ym-]-I-cp-sSbpw Kth-j-I-cp-sS bpw am{X-aà FÃm `mjm-{]-W-bn-IfpsSbpw {KÙ-ti-J-c-¯n Ahiyw D­m-bn-cn-t¡-­-XmWv Ahnkva-c-Wo-b-\mb Hcpkmln-X-y-Ip-e]-Xn-bpsS Cu Poh-N-cn-{Xw. iqc\m«p Ipª³]n-ff : tUm ]n tkXp-\m-Y³, {]km: tIcfkÀh-I-em-ime, 2012 - - hne: 60 cq]

IhnX sI Pb-e£van

]pd-¯p-\n¶p Rm\-I-t¯¡p t\m¡n s]mSnamdm-e-I-fIw \nd-bp-¶p. Idp-¯-I-®p-IÄ hio-I-cn-¡p-¶p. Nncn¡pw km¯msâ sImSpw ]m]-§sf CS-t¯m«p t\m¡th Ipcp-Xn-I-fs{X! AhnsS F¯p-hm-s\-\n-¡n-Ãm-i-IÄ he-t¯m«p t\m¡-th-b-Sn-bnSn ]nSn ]S-lw-s]m-«p¶p, Aim-´n-bm-sW§pw F\n¡p t\Àh-gn-bn-S-bvs¡m¶p Im«m³ hcn-söpt­m \o Krl-\n-hm-kI! Fen-IÄ ]mä-IÄ ]pgp-¡Ä \mbv¡fpw ^Wn-IÄ \cn-¨o-dp-Ifpw hkn-¡p¶p Krl-I-hm-S-¯n¦tem ]d-¡p¶p {]mWn,bng-bp-s¶m-¨p-IÄ. kam-[m-\-¯nsâ It]m-X-§-fnÃ! ka-X-z-hm-¡p-I-f-cp-fp-¶n-Ãmcpw ISn¨p Iodp-hm-\nXm hcp-¶pt­ ISpw-XpSnsIm«n-¡p-Xn¡pw `qX-§Ä IS-¡p-hm-\mIm, InS-¡p-hm-\mIm, I]-S-\m-S-y-§Ä \Sn-¡p-hm-\mIm sNdp-an-¶Âs¡mSn Ic-fn I¯p¶p hnS-hm-§o-Sp¶p {]nb-tXmgm Rm\pw

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45


teJ\w s{]m^ sI sI IrjvW³\¼qXncn

A[ymßcmambWw Infn¸m«nse HuNnXyZo£

au

enIIrXnsb¶ {]XoXn Dfhm¡p¶ coXnbn aq es¯ AXnibn¡p¶ cN\bmWv Fgp¯Ñsâ A[ymßcmambWw. F¶m CtX t]cnepÅ kwkvIr XcN\bpsS ]cn`mjbmWv Cu Im hyw F¶ Imcyw \nÀhnhmZamW tÃm. hntijn¨pw thZm´]camb `mK§Ä A\p]Zw aebmf`mjbn tebv¡p hnhÀ¯\w sNbvXncn¡p IbmWv. F¶m XnIª HuNn XyZo£tbmsS aqeIrXnbnse Xym Py{Kmly`mK§Ä th­{X ]cnK Wn¨mWv Fgp¯Ñ³ ]cn`mjs¸ Sp¯n kzIrXnbn tNÀ¯n«pÅXv. aqe{KÙImc³ AssZzXthZm´

¯nsâ {]NmcWamWv Xsâ cN\ bpsS H¶mas¯ e£yambn IcpXn bXv. `àn`mhw hfÀ¯p¶Xn\v Hcp IYsb¶ \nebn cmaNcnXw hÀWn¡p¶Xn\pw Hcp Imhysa¶ \nebn ck`mh§Ä HuNnXy ]qÀhw k¶nthin¸n¡p¶Xn\p saÃmw KuWamb Øm\ta \ÂIn bn«pÅq. F¶m Fgp¯Ñ\mI s«, cma`àn hfÀ¯p¶Xn\mWv Xsâ IrXnbn ap³KW\\ÂIn bn«pÅXv. aäpÅXns\Ãmw c­mw Øm\ta \ÂInbn«pÅq. AXpsIm ­pXs¶ aqeIrXnbn ImWs¸ Sm¯tXm hfsc {lkzambnam{Xw hÀWn¨pt]mbn«pÅtXm Bb `mK

§fnse kvXpXnIÄ FÃmw Xs¶ hfsc at\mlcambn hnIkn¸n¨p tNÀ¯ncn¡p¶p. cma`ànt]mjWw apJye£yw amlmßyIY\t¯msSbmWv A [ymßcmambWw (aqew) kqX³ ]dªp XpS§p¶Xv. BZyw tLmc amb IenbpK¯nepÅ P\§fpsS ZpcmNmcXtbbpw hÀWm{ia[Àa {`wi§tfbpw hnkvXcn¨p hÀWn¨v ]mÀhXotZhnbpsS cmaXXzw Adn bphm\pÅ PnÚmk ian¸n¡p hm³ th­n {ioalmtZh³ cmaIY hymJym\n¨p tIĸn¨psh¶pw AXv temI¯n {]Ncn¡p¶tXm sS FÃm Xn·Ifpw \in¡psa¶pw FÃm \·Ifpw t{ibÊpw h¶pIq Spsa¶pw Adp]Xp tÇmI§Ä sIm­p hÀWn¨v almßy`mKw kam]n¸n¡pt¼mÄ \½psS Ihn B `mKw Npcp¡nam{Xta Infn¸m «n tNÀ¯n«pÅq. ]te ]pcmW almßy§fnepw hÀWn¡s¸«v BhÀ¯\hnckamb IenIme kz `mhhpw Cu IrXnbpsS ]mcmbWw sIm­p e`yam¡p¶ IW¡ä ]m] ]cnlmc§Ä hnkvXcn¡p¶ ^e {ipXnbpw FÃmw ]mtS hn«pIf ªncn¡p¶p. ]n¶oSpÅ ^e{ipXn Ifnepw hfsc kwt£]n¨v aqeIr Xnsb A\pkcn¡pI am{Xta Fgp ¯Ñ³ sNbvXn«pÅq. F¶m Iu keymkvXpXn, AleymkvXpXn, kpXo£vWkvXpXn, AKkvXykv XpXn F¶pth­ aäp kvXpXnIsf Ãmw Xs¶ hfsc hnkvXcn¨pw hfsc DPzeamb `mjmssienbn epw `ànkwhÀ[Iamb coXnbnep amWv A[ymßcmambWw Infn¸m «n hÀWn¨n«pÅXv. e£vatWm]tZiw e£vatWm]tZiw aqeIrXnbn AcWyImWvU¯nepw B t]cn ¯s¶ InjvInÔmImWvU¯nepw hÀWn¨n«p­v. F¶m Infn¸m«nÂ

46

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013


teJ\w Atbm[ymImWvU¯nemWv e£v atWm]tZiw \n_Ôn¨ncn¡p ¶Xv. cmambWImhy¯nsâ lrZ bamWtÃm Atbm[ymImWvUw. cmam`ntjI¯n\v hnLv\w D­m ¡nbXdnªv t{Im[w sIm­p Pzen ¨p \n¡p¶ e£vaWs\im´\m ¡p¶Xn\v {iocmaN{µ³ ""hÂk! kuant{X! Ipamc! \o tIÄ ¡Ww aÂkcmZyw shSnsª¶psS hm¡p IÄ'' F¶n§s\ ]dªp XpS§p t¼mÄ aqe¯n ]dªn«pÅ Imcy§Ä Xs¶bmsW¦nepw {] IrX¯n Fs´mcp tNtXmlc amb hmÂkey{]IÀjhpw kzm`m hnIXbpamWv A\phmNIÀ¡v A \p`hthZyamIp¶Xv! cmPyhpw tZ lhpsaÃmw £W`wKpcamsW¶pw ]m¼nsâ hmbnse Xhf `£W ¯n¶t]£n¡p¶Xpt]msebm sW¶pw t{Im[w a\pjysâ Gä hpw henb i{XphmsW¶pw aäpw D]tZin¡p¶ B `mKw hfsc km µÀ`nIambncn¡p¶p. aqeIrXnbpsS AcWyImWvU ¯nse BZu ambm kzcq]w tXh £yman F¶p XpS§p¶ e£va tWm]tZiw ""ap¼n\m ambmkzcq ]s¯ Rm³ sNmÃoSph³'' F¶n §s\Infn¸m«nse AcWyImWv U¯nepw amäanÃmsX \ne\nÀ¯n bncn¡p¶p. ]qÀWambpw AssZzX thZm´w Xs¶bmWv AhnsS D] Znjv S ambncn¡p¶Xv . aqe¯n AÂ]w AkmµÀ`nIsa¶pt]mepw ]dbmhp¶ Injv I nÔmImWv U ¯nse e£vatWm]tZiw XoÀ ¯pw ]qPmX{´amWv. {InbmamÀ (39þmw t]Pn \n¶v)

¶Xv. Bb½ AXp `Khms\ DWÀ ¯n¨v B{ibhpw A`bhpw \ Ipw. tZhoktaX\ÃmsX `Khm³ ]ÅnsImÅp¶ X«I¯v `àsâ BhemXn kzoIcn¨v Xncpap¶n kaÀ]n¡p¶Xv k¶n[m\¯v IpSn bncn¡p¶ `KhZv hml\amb "\µn' bmWv. \µnbpsS sNhnbn ZpxJ ¯nsâ ]cmXn clkyambn ]d ªm aXn. AXp tZhtZh³ tIÄ ¡pw. Cu "]cw s]mcpÄ' lnµpaX hnizmknIfpsS, hninjy inh`à ³amcpsS D×bmWv. §¡v a\sÊm

tIhew Ain£nXt\m Im«p PmXn¡mct\m Bb IS¯pImc³ C{X kckambpw [z\ymßIambpw \n]pWambn kw`mjWw sN¿p¶Xmbn {]Xn]mZn¡p¶Xnepw hnizmkyX hcp¶nÃ. AXpsIm­p Xs¶bmhmw ImhyaÀathZnbmb Fgp¯Ñ³ Cu `mKw ]cn`mjs¸Sp¯msX hn«pIfªXv. tKm]tZiw F¶ t]cnemWv Infn¸m«n CXv ]cn`mjs¸Sp¯n bncn¡p¶Xv. ChnsSsbÃmw Fgp ¯Ñ³ XnIª HuNnXyZo£ ]peÀ¯nbncn¡p¶p. ]mZ[qfoamlmßy Øm]\w _meImWvU¯n Aleymtam £w Ignªv cmae£vaW³amÀ hnizman{Xsâ IqsS t\tc anYnem ]pcnbnte¡p t]mIp¶p. hgnbn KwKm\Zn ISt¡­Xp­mbncp¶p. AhnsSbpÅ IS¯pImc³, {iocm asâ Imense s]mSn a\pjys\ kr jvSn¡p¶ Znhyamb NqÀWamsW ¶ Imcyw temI¯n {]kn²am sW¶pw AXpsIm­p F\n¡v A §bpsS ImÂIgpIWsa¶ps­ ¶pw A§v AXn\v k½Xn¡mXncp ¶m IÃn \n¶v hfsc hyXykv XaÃm¯ XSnsIm­p \nÀan¨ Fsâ hÅw bphXnbmbnt¸mbm Fsâ IpSpw_w XIÀ¶pt]mIpsa ¶pw \Àackw Xpfp¼p¶Xpw kmcm ÀYw hywKyambn²z\n¸n¡p¶Xp amb {]KÂ``mjWw {ihn¨v Xsâ Im IgpIn¨Xn\ptijamWv {io cma³ KwK IS¡p¶Xv. Cu `mKw hnhÀ¯\w sN¿msX

Fgp¯Ñ³ hn«pIfªncn¡p¶p. (XpfkoZmk³ Cu `mKw Atbm [ymImWvU¯nte¡p amän h\bm {XbpsS XpS¡¯n KwK IS¡m³ B{Kln¡p¶ {iocmat\mSv Kpl³ ]dbp¶XmbmWv ]cn`mjs¸Sp¯n t¨À¯ncn¡p¶Xv.) Aleymtam£w Ignª DS s\Xs¶bmWv kwkv I rXIrXn bn IS¯pImc³ C§s\]dbp ¶Xmbn {]Xn]mZn¨ncn¡p¶Xv . ChnsS {i²n¡m\pÅXv {iocma³ ZnhyXzw temI¯n {]kn²am¡p ¶Xn\pÅ kabw Bbn«nÃ. Xs¶ bÃ, tIhew Ain£nXt\m Im«p PmXn¡mct\m Bb IS¯pImc³ C{X kckambpw [z\ymßIam bpw \n]pWambn kw`mjWw sN ¿p¶Xmbn {]Xn]mZn¡p¶Xnepw hnizmkyX hcp¶nÃ. AXpsIm­p Xs¶bmhmw ImhyaÀathZnbmb Fgp¯Ñ³ Cu `mKw ]cn`mjs¸ Sp¯msX hn«pIfªXv. ChnsS bpw HuNnXyamWv At±lw apdp sI]nSn¨ncp¶Xv. CtXt]mse Xs¶ Fgp¯Ñ sâ HuNnXyZo£bv¡v \nZÀiI§ fmb At\Iw `mK§Ä A[ymß cmambWw Infn¸m«nep­v

DStbmcpsS \µn t­Â hnizkn¨m aXn. \ntj[ hgn th­. Imcyw G\t¡SmIpw. C¸w "§¡' ½sS P\Iob hgn bnse Hcn\w ]nSnIn«ntb. A[nIm cnIÄ {][m\kNnh³amÀ hgn ]cm Xn kzoIcn¨p ]cnlmcw ImWp¶ hgn. CXn \n¶p hgnamdnbmtW ½t¡msf apXea¨nbcpsS P\k ¼À¡]cn]mSn F¶ Imcyhpw Dd t¨. C\n "§fv' tIfv. "½sS' apXea ¨nbÀ P\§fn \n¶p t\cn«v B hemXnIÄ kzoIcn¨p ]cnlmcw ImWp¶Xns\ {]Xn]£¡mÀ F

XnÀ¡p¶Xnsâ ImcWhpw amtfmÀ ¡pXncntª. \½ aebmfnIÄ ap¨qSpw ssi hhgn¡mcmbncp¶Xn\m ]mc¼ cyhgn sXän¡cpXv Ft¶ Hmcp¡p hminbpÅq. \ncoizc]£¡mcmb ½sS {]Xn]£¡msc¡pdn¨v C§ s\]dbmtam F¶p tNmZn¨m Kpcphmbqcnse Xncpsh¦nSmNe] XnbpsS X«I¯nse `KhXn\Sbn se s]cpas]ä "ap«d¸p'hgn]mSv sX fnªp \n¡pt¼mÄ \½ F´p sN¿pw. §fv ]dbn³.

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

47


t\mh D®n- Nm-gn-bm-«ncn

Df-f-d-IÄ

45 (Xp-Sˬ)

X

dhm«nse ANypX³ \mbcp sS`mcy Pm\Inb½bpsS aq¯ B§fbpw Ipª³\mbcp sS t\À s]§fpsS aI\pw Bb cmLh³\mbcpw `mcybpw a¡fpw hncp¶n\p h¶p. Hcp]mSpImeambn \mSphn«pt]mbn Hcp hnhchpw CÃm sX kz´¡msc B[n]nSn¸n¨v FhnsStbm Pohn¨ncp¶ a\pjy\m bncp¶p cmLh³\mbÀ. AbmÄ `qanbn FhnsSsb¦nepw Pohn¨n cn¸pt­m F¶pt]mepw cà_Ô ¯nepÅhÀ¡v AdnbnÃmbncp¶p. ]Xn\mdmw hbÊn hoSphn«p t]m bn. CS¡me¯v ssakqcn h¨v Btcm I­p F¶pam{Xw tI«p. hÀ j§Ä¡ptijw `mcybpw a¡fpw Bbn ]pemat´mÄ sN½etÈcn bnse ]nd¶ho«nte¡p h¶t¸mÄ ktlmZcnPm\Inb½tbbpw A½m h³ Ipª³\mbcpsS a¡sfbpw aäp _Ôp¡sfbpw kµÀin¡m³ BitbmsS h¶XmWv. \mep]pcbnepw ]¯mb¸pcbn epw cmLh³\mbcpw `mcybpw a¡ fpw amdn amdn Znhk§tfmfw hncp ¶p]mÀ¯p. Hcp Znhkw cmLh³ \mbcpw `mcybpw a¡fpw ip¸maWn bpsS ho«nepw ]mÀ¯p. cmLh³\mbcpsS aq¯aIÄ kpPmXbpw CfbaIÄ kptemN\ bpw kuµcy¯nsâ \ndIpS§Ä. kptemN\bv¡v BtdgphbÊp {]m bw. kpPmX ]Xn\©p IS¶ncn¡p ¶p. Hcp s]¬Ip«n¡p th­ FÃm AwKemhWy§fpw ]qÀ¯oIcn¨ A\pKyloXbmb Hcp IuXpI dmWn! kuµcyapÅ F´nt\mSpw Gsd Bcm[\bpw t{]ahpw hm keyhpw tXm¶p¶ Hcp Xcw lrZb hnImc§Ä¡pw Nm]ey§Ä¡pw ASnas¸« ip¸maWn. kuµcyhXn bmb kpPmXtbmSh\v ssPhkl Pamb Imatamlhpw t{]ahpw B cm[\bpw Hs¡ tXm¶n. Bfp¶ kuµcykm¶n[yw Ahs\ atZm³ a¯\m¡n. icWanÃm¯ aZ\mi bpw t{]amibpw Ahs\\nc´cw Ii¡n. kpPmXsb Hcn¡Â H¶p

48

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013

I­m kzÀKw t\Snb A\p`qXn. B kuµcyZypXn I®pIÄs¡mcp Âkh¡mgvN Xs¶! Abes¯ A¸paWn am[h\pw Bbn Ifn¡m³ kv I qfnÃm¯ Znhk§fn ]¯mb¸pcbn F ¯pw. Irjn¸Wnbpw Imentabv¡ epsaÃmw Ignªv t\cs¯ ho«n F¯mdpÅ ip¸maWnbpw ]¯mb ¸pcbnte¡p t]mIpw. aT¯ne½ bpw Bbn (am[hsâ A½) \m«p hÀ¯am\w ]dªv kabw t]m ¡m³. AhnsS h¨v kpPmXsb I ­m DÄt{]a]qÀhw AhÄs¡m cp Nncn \ÂIm³ {ian¡pw. adp Nncn \ÂIm³t]mepw an\s¡SmsX AhÄ AI¶p amdpw. ip¸maWnsb IW¡nseSp¡m¯ \mSy¯nÂ. am[ht\mSpw A¸paWntbmSpw hf sc CW¡w ImWn¡pw. AhfpsS kulrZw IeÀ¶ kvt\l¨ncn AhÀ¡p ]nip¡p Im«msX sImSp ¡pw. Ahs\I­Xmbn `mhn¡pI tb CÃ. Ah\pth­n Hcp sNdpNn cnt]mepw B Np­n hncnbpItb CÃ. A\ys\t¸msebmWv Ah t\mSpÅ AhfpsS s]cpamäw. am[ hs\bpw cà_ÔanÃm¯ Abe s¯ A¸paWnsbbpw AhÀ CjvS t¯msS ""G«m'' F¶p hnfn¡pt¼m Ä ip¸maWnsb "G«m' F¶p hnfn ¡mtdbnÃ. H¶p an­m³ t]mepw XmÂ]cyw Im«mdnÃ. Ah\msW ¦n AhtfmSv kulrZw IqSm\pw, G«m F¶ a[pcamb hnfntIÄ ¡m\pw sImXn¨p sImXn¨p \S¡p ¶ Hcp sImXnb\pw; {]Wb`cnX \pw. AhÄ Ahs\ AtbmKy\m¡n AhKWn¨mepw AhtfmSpÅ Ah sâ kuµcy_v{`aw sImSp¼ncnsIm ­p. I®S¨mepw Xpd¶mepw B Bfp¶ kuµcyamWp ap¶nÂ. B NncnbgImWv a\ÊnÂ. \Kc¯n Xmakn¡p¶ AhfpsS ]cnjv¡mc hpw hr¯nbpw shSn¸papÅ \S¸pw AWnsªmcp¡§fpw FÃmw Bscbpw {`an¸n¡m³ t]m¶XmWv. AhÄ AcnIn hcpt¼mÄ Hcp

Xcn¸ph¶v a\Ên sXmSpw t]mse tXm¶pw Ah\v. ASnapSn H¶pe bpw. s\SphoÀ¸v ]pd¯p NmSpw. \nÈ_vZambn B A\p]akuµcyw tImcn¡pSn¨v Xr]vXnbSbpw. Ah³ F{X {ian¨n«pw AhfpsS Zb Ah \p In«nbnÃ. Ahfpambn NqSpÅ HcSp¸w ]peÀ¯m³ Ah\p Ign ªnÃ. Aht\mShÄ a\¸qÀhw Hc I¨ kq£n¨p. Ah³ \nÊmc\m sW¶ `mhw AhÄ {]ISn¸n¨p. A¸paWntbmSpw am[ht\mSpw k ´pjvSntbmSpIqSnb HcSp¸w Im«n. ""G«m G«m'' F¶phnfn¨v AhÄ AhcpsS AcnIn Npän¸än \n¶v a[pchÀ¯am\§Ä samgnªp. \dp NncnsIm­hsc {]kmZn¸n¨p.


t\mh A¸paWnbpsSbpw am[hsâbpw icoct¯mSp tNÀ¶p \n¡m³ AhÄ BÀ¯n Im«n. kzImcyØ e§fn h¨v IqSn¡mgvN Xcs¸Sp t¼mÄ Ahsf Xami ]dªp ckn ¸n¨v am[h\pw A¸paWnbpw Ah fpsS arZphmb ssIIfn sXmSpI bpw XtemSpIbpw sN¿pt¼mÄ AhÄ AlnXsam¶pw Im«msX A Xn\p hg§n\n¶v BËmZw ]¦p h¨p. B AkpJIcamb ImgvN ip ¸maWnsb Akqbs¸Sp¯pIbpw k¦Ss¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXp. kp PmXbpsS {Iqcamb AhKW\ bpw ]£]mX{]hr¯nbpw Ahs\ hoÀ¸pap«n¨p. ]eXhW Icbn¨p. Ahfn \n¶v Ah³ Bin¡p¶ sXÃmw A¸paWnbpw am[h\pw Afhn IqSpX t\Sn kwXr]v Xcmbn. Ahsf tamln¸n¡p¶ H¶pw Xsâ cq]¯n\v CÃmbncn¡mw AhÄ¡v CjvShpw kvt\lhpw ASp¸hpw tXm¶n¸n¡¯¡ Hcp ta³abpw Xsâ cq]¯n\v CÃmbncn ¡mw... Xm³ shdpw I¶men sN ¡³... Irjn¡mc³... Akpµc³... sXmen shfp¸nÃm¯h³... t¾Ñ³... aª¯pw, agb¯pw, shbne¯pw Aeªpeªp £oWn¨h³... ]Tn ¸pw ]{Xmkpw H¶pw CÃm¯h³... kzbw \nµ am{Xw Ah\v Hcp Bizmk¯pcp¯mbn. hncp¶phm kw Ahkm\n¸n¨v kpPmXbpw A Ñ\pw A½bpw A\pP¯nbpw Xncn sIt]mIm³ Hcp§nbt¸mÄ Ah scbm{Xbm¡m³ H¯pIqSnbhcp sS Iq«¯n ip¸maWnbpw sN¶p s]«p. A¸paWnbpw am[h\pw A¡q«¯n D­mbncp¶p. bm{X ]pds¸«v Nhn«pIÃnd§pt¼mÄ kp PmX A¸paWntbmSpw am[ht\m Spw thÀ]mSnsâ KZvKZ¯n hnja t¯msS bm{X tNmZn¡pIbpw þ khntijamb ]p©ncn k¡cn¨ hsc k´pjvScm¡pIbpw Hmtcm NphSp \o§pt¼mgpw Xncnªp t\m¡n ssI hoin¡m«n AhÄ¡v AhtcmSpÅ kvt\lkulrZ¯n sâ Bgw {]ISam¡n ImgvNbn \n¶v adªpt]mhpIbpw sNbvXp. ip¸maWnsb¶ Hcp a\pjy¸pgp Iq«¯n DÅXmbnt¸mepw AhÄ IcpXnbnÃ. Ahs\Hcn¡se¦nepw H¶p t\m¡pItbm H¶p an­pI tbm aqIamsb¦nepw Hcp bm{Xm samgn AÀ¸n¡pItbm D­mbnÃ. Xm³ tamln¡p¶ Hcp kpµcns¸ ¬InSmhnsâ {Iqcamb AhKW \bpsS hn§p¶ thZ\tbmsS Ah³ ho«nte¡p aS§n.

kpµcn kpPmXsbt¸mse Hcp s]¬Ip«n¡v CjvSw tXm¶Wsa ¦n ]pcpjkuµcy¯nsâ \ndIp Sambn amdnbmte ]äq. kpPmXtb ¡mÄ kuµcyapÅ Hcp s]¬sIm SnbpsS CjvS¡mc\mbn Pohn¡ Ww F¶ Hcp hminbpw Bthihpw Bibpw Ah\n Bthin¨p. ]Tn ¸pt\Sm³ C\n A{X Ffp¸aÃ... ]Whpw... \jvSs¸« DSegIpw {ian ¨m t\Smhp¶tXbpÅq. DSeg Ipw ]Ws¡mgp¸pw DÅh\v sImXn ¡p¶ GXp kuµcyt¯bpw kz´ am¡mw. ]e A\p`h]mT§fpw ap¶n D­v. ]Tn¸nÃm¯hm\mbn þ ]{Xmkn Ãm¯h\mbn C\n \m«n \n¶v \in¡p¶Xn AÀYanÃ. kpµcn kpPmX F¶ s]¬Ip«nbpsS Ah KW\ Ah\nse adp\mS³ bm{Xm Nn´sb Zn\w{]Xn DuXn¡¯n ¡m³ XpS§n. a\Êp s]mÅn¡p¶ t\mhn³ I\epIfpw DÅnen«v IjvS¸mSpI fpsSbpw AhKW\IfpsSbpw Cjv StXmg\mbn {Kma¯nse \ncÀYI amb PohnXw \bn¡m³ Ah\p XmÂ]cyw IjvSnbmbn. PohnXIm ew apgph³ thZ\n¡p¶ Hcp lrZ bhpambn Pohn¨m ]änÃ. t\SWw... Ah³ Fs´ms¡tbm B{K ln¡m\pw FhnsSsbms¡tbm t]mIm\pw sh¼ÂsIm­p. PohnXw ]pXp¡n¸WnbWw. C\n ImenIfpsS ]n¶mse Im tdmSn\S¡m³ ]änÃ. I­¯nen d§n I¶p]q«n ta¯v tNdpw sNfn bpw ]qin Ccp­sXmenbpambn \S ¡m³ ]änÃ. tZlw H¶p ]pjvSns¸ Sp¯Ww. GsXmcmWpw s]®pw I­msem¶p t\m¡Ww. ]ctaiz c³ amsjt¸mse XSn¨p Ipw`Ip ¯Ww. {Kma\nhmknIfn `qcn`m Khpw AwKoIcn¡m¯ Hcp t¾Ñ \mWv Irjn¸Wn¡mc³. Hcp tlm «Â ]Wn¡mc\pÅ ]cnKW\t]m epw {Kma¯nse IÀjI\nÃ. I¶n s\]q«m³ t]mIp¶ Irjn¡mcs\ ]cnjv¡mcnIÄ shdpw {]mIrX\m bn«mWv IW¡m¡p¶Xv. {KmaKWn ItbmSpÅXnt\¡mÄ ]pÑamWv Imenta¡m³ \S¡p¶ht\mSv . Irjn sNbvXp Imen ta¨pw D]Po h\w Ign¨ncp¶ ]ecpw cmPyw hn«p t]mbn tlm«Â tNmdp Xn¶p XSn¨p sImgp¯p kpµc¡p«¸³amcmbn Xncn¨ph¶t¸mÄ Ahsc AwKo Icn¡m\pw _lpam\n¡m\pw {KmaoWÀ aÂkcw \S¯n. Ahsâ adp\mS³ bm{Xbv¡v

B¡w Iq«m\mbncn¡Ww thZ\n ¸n¡p¶ asämc\p`hw IqSn Ahs\ tXSn h¶p. tIih³ IdpI]p¯qÀ IhnX FgpXn IoÀ¯n t\Snb kamZcWnb\pw kmwkvImcnI\m bI\pamb hyàn. \m«n³]pds¯ Gähpw henb P·n. t£{X`cWkanXnbnse {][m\n. At±l¯nsâ {]nb¦cn bmb GIaIfpsS hnhmlw. hnhm l¯n\p \m«pImsc £Wn¡m³ XpS§n. ip¸maWnbpsS IpSpw_ hoSpIfn apgph³ £Ww Ign ªp. Ab hoSpIfn Hs¡bpw Ignªp. Ahsâ ho«n am{Xw £Wn¨nÃ. \mSS¡w IeymWw £Wn¨n«pw Zcn{ZÀ F¶ Ipdhnsâ t]cn Ahsâ HtcHcp hoSns\ Hgnhm¡n ]£t`Zw ImWn¨ tIi h³ IdpI]p¯qcnt\mSv ISp¯ ]I tXm¶n Ah\v. AbmfpsS Ah KWbpsS ZpxJw Ahsâ lrZb ¯n Bªp ]Xn¨p. IeymW\m fnepw, XpSÀ¶v aq¶p\mÄ apgph\pw AhKW\bpsS k¦Sw Ahsâ N¦n \odn \odn \n¶p. tIih³ IdpI]p¯qcnt\mSp ]I ho«Ww... ]Ww Ds­¦nte AXp \S¡q. PohnXw CXphsc X¶ thZ\Ifn \n¶v Hcp tamN\w... kpPmXtbmSp ]I ho«Ww. lcnXat\mlmcnX hgnsªm gpIp¶ Xmgvhcbnse XSmI¡c bn Hcp at\mlcamb hoSv. B[p \nI coXnbnepÅ Krtlm]IcW §Ä \ndsb. hoSn\p½d¯v ]\n \oÀ ]qt´m«w. sXmSnbn \ndsb sX§pIÄ. ap³`mKs¯ AXncn\ cnIn ]qac§Ä. ho«phf¸n Hcp kpµc³ s]mbvI. s]mbvIbn \nd sb sN´macIÄ hncnªp \n ¡p¶ ImgvN I­v \nÀhrX\mbn \n¡Ww. tXmfn ssIbn«p \n ¡m³ shfp¯p sImep¶s\bpÅ Hcp kpµcn¡p«n H¸w D­mbncn ¡Ww. Znhk§Ä hcp¶Xpw t]mIp¶Xpw AdnbmsX kt´mj t¯msS Hcp kpµcnbpsS {]nbtXm g\mbn hmgWw. hk´ZypXn shfn¨w hnXdp¶ `mhn PohnXhnPb¯nte¡p Ah s\ \bn¡p¶ hnf¡pacs¯ In\m hp I­psIm­v Ah³ Dd§m³ InS¶p. Dd¡¯nte¡p hogpw ap³ s] AIse ]«m¼nbnse sdbn ]mf¯neqsS Nqfw hnfn¨v ]pIXp ¸nXmfw ]nSn¨v {ZpXKXnbn IpXn ¡p¶ awKem]pcw sabnensâ B chw Ahsâ ImXpIfn apg§n.

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

49


tPymXn-jw Xm{´nI tPymXn-j³ {_Ò{io: Sn sI Zmtam-Z-c³ \¼q-Xncn

Cu amkw \n§Äs¡§s\...? 2013 Unkw_À amks¯ \£-{X-^-e-§Ä Aiz-Xn `c-Wn ImÀ¯nI 1/4 taS-¡qdv aq¶n hymgw,Ggn i\n cmlp, kÀh{X ZpcnXw, sXmgnÂcwK¯v Btcm]Ww, [\ \jvSw, imcocnIamb AkpJw, IpSpw_ t¢iw. ImÀ¯nI 3/4 tcmln-Wn aI-bncw 1/2 CS-h-¡qdv km¼¯nIt\«w, a\t¢iw, ap³tZjyw, A]ISkm[yX, tcmKw. aI-bncw 1/2 Xncp-hm-Xnc ]pWÀXw 3/4 anYp-\-¡qdv P·¯n hymgw, A©n i\n cmlp, kz P\hnclw, _ÔpIelw, ]co£Ifn amÀ¡v Ipdbmw. CâÀhyqhn\pw aäpw lmP cmIm³ ]äm¯ ØnXn, k©mcw, ]qÀhnI kz¯v ssIhcm\pÅ km[yX sXfnªp hcmw. AÀlXs¸« km¼¯nIw XSªp shbv¡s¸Smw. ]pWÀXw 1/4 ]qbw, Bbneyw IÀ¡-S-I-¡qdv ZqctZiKa\w, t£{XZÀi\w, km¼¯nI \jvSw, ]co£Ifn hnPbw, sXmgn km[yX. aIw, ]qcw, D{Xw 1/4 Nn§-¡qdv kÀh{X hnPbw, sXmgnÂcwK¯v DbÀ¨, kÀ¡mcn \nt¶m aäp kmwkvImcnI kw LS\Ifn \nt¶m AwKoImcw e`n¡mw. hnZybn D¶XhnPbw, _ÔpP\mKaw, IoÀ¯n. D{Xw 3/4 A¯w, Nn¯nc 1/2 I¶n-¡qdv km¼¯nIw Xr]vXnIcw, BtcmKyw tami

anÃ. Krlmcw`w, Krl{]thiw, t£{XZÀ i\w,kÂkwKaw. Nn¯nc 1/2 tNmXn, hnimJw 3/4 Xpem-¡qdv ]co£Ifn D¶XhnPbw, tPmenbn {]tamj³, hkv X p {Ibhn{Ib¯n em`w, Krlmcw`w, Krl{]thiw, hnhmlm ZnawKfImcykn²n. hnimJw 1/4 A\ngw Xrt¡« hrÝn-I-¡qdv [\[m\y\jvSw, kzP\hnclw, IpSpw_ t¢iw, ZpÀhyhlmcw, Øm\Ne\w, tcm Kw. aqew, ]qcmSw, D{XmSw 1/4 [\p-¡qdv tPmenbn DbÀ¨, kaql¯n AwKo Imcw, _ÔpP\mKaw, Krlmcw`w, Krl {]thiw, IpSpw_kuJyw. D{XmSw 3/4 XncpthmWw, Ahn«w 1/2 aIc-¡qdv [\\jvSw, hkvXpXÀ¡w, hyhlmcw, a\t¢iw, IpSpw_t¢iw, tcmKw. Ahn«w 1/2 NXbw, ]qcp-cp-«mXn 3/4 Ipw-`-¡qdv km¼¯nIt\«w, kÀ¡mÀtPmen km[y X, tPmen¡bäw, Krlmcw`w, Krl{] thiw, hnhmlmZnawKfImcykn²n. ]qcpcp«mXn 1/4 DXr-«m-Xn, tchXn ao\-¡qdv IpSpw_kuJyw, _ÔpP\mKaw, km¼ ¯nIt\«w, hnhml\nÝbw, hnhmlw, Kr lmcw`w, Krl{]thiw, hkvXphm§n ¡Â, ]co£Ifn hnPbw.

Ip«nIrjvW³ \mcmbW\Kc ¯nsâ "A½bmWv kXyw' F¶ IYmkamlmcw {]Imi\w sNbvXp Ip«nIrjvW³ \mcmbW \Kc¯n sâ "A½bmWv kXyw' F¶ IYm kamlmc¯nsâ BZy{]Xn {]i kvX Fgp¯pImcn tUm JZoPm apwXmkv ]md¡Â A_vZpffbv¡p \ÂIn {]Imi\w sN¿p¶p.

50

Infn-¸m«v

Unkw_À

2013


hymJym\w s{]m^: h«¸d¼n tKm]n\mY]nÅ

Fgp¯Ñsâ 41 kqàn-c-Xv\-§Ä

k

Ie`qX§Ä¡psa{Xbpw at\mÚ\mbv kIeIÀa§Ä¡papNnXtbmK Ú\mbv kIe]pcpjcnÂh¨p]mbÚ\p ambv kIehnÚm\nbmbpffh³ alm hnZzm³. kIe`qX§Ä¡pw = FÃmPoh Pme§Ä¡pw, F{Xbpw at\mÚ \mbv = hfsc {]nbwIc\mbn,

DNnXtbmKÚ\mbv = kIeIÀa §fpwhn[nb\pkcn¨v A\pjvTn ¡p¶h\mbn. tbmK¯n\v IÀa IpieX F¶mWnhnsSbÀYw. tbm KxIÀakpIuiew F¶mWv `KhZv KoX "IÀa'¯n\p \ÂIp¶ AÀYw. IÀaw sN¿m\pff IpieXbmWv IÀasa¶pkmcw. D]mbÚ³ = Im cykn²n¡pff amÀKadnbp¶h³ FÃmPohPme§Ä¡pw {]nbwIc \pw kIeIÀa§fpw hn[n{]Imcw

A\pjvTn¡p¶Xn kaÀY\pw, a äpffhsc¡mÄ Imcykn²n¡p amÀ Kadnbp¶h\pw BWv hnZzm³ AYhm ]WvUnX³. kÀh`qXkz`mhÚ³ kÀhtbmKadnªh³ a\pjycnep]mbwIþ ­h\mIp¶p ]WvUnX³. (hnh: Ipªn¡p«³ X¼pcm³)

HIvtSm-_-dn P\n¨-hÀ

H

IvtSm-_dn P\n-¡p-¶-hÀ ip `m-]vXn-hn-i-zm-kn-Ifpw kpa-\Êp-I-fp-am-bn-cn-¡pw. ChÀ {Im´-ZÀ in-Ifpw, hcm³t]m-Ip¶ Imc-y-§Ä ap³Iq«n Adn-bm³ DÄsh-fn¨w In«p¶-hcpw, a\-Ênse icn sXäv Gsd¡psd A\p-`-h-¯nepw H¯p-h-cp-¶h-cm-Wv. \à a\-Èm-kv{X-Ú-·mcpw `u Xn-I-im-kv{X-Ú-·mcpw KqV-im-kv {X-hn-im-c-Z-·mcpw {]h-N-\-¡m-cp-sa Ãmw Gsd-¡psd Cu amk-¯n ]nd¶-h-cm-Wv. \nKq-V-sh-fn¨w Chsc \bn-¡m³ Ch-cn kZm ImWpw. ChÀ \nco-£n¨p ]d-bp¶ Imc-y§Ä H¯p-h-cpw. F¶m km¼¯n-I-ambn ChÀ Ipg-ªp-a-dnªp am{Xta apt¶-dq. A[nIw k¼¯v h¶mepw aäv GXp hnt[-t\bpw ssItamiw hcmw. CXp-sIm­p Xs¶ km¼-¯nI Imc-y-¯n D­m-Ip¶ DbÀ¨ Xm

gvN Ch-cn ]ncn-ap-dp-¡-ap-­m¡n, Pohn-X-coXn Xs¶ timI-aq-I-am¡pw. s]cp-´-¨-s\-t]mse anSp-¡³ F¶m X³Im-c-y-¯n Xncn-¨-Sn-IfpsS BhÀ¯\w. F¶mepw C¯ cw Imc-y-§-tfbpw ChÀ ]c-am-h[n ka-\n-e-bn sIm­p-t]m-Im\pw {ian-¡pw. \nb-a-Úm-\-hp-ambn _Ô-apff Ch-cn ]ecpw {]ikvX \nb-aÚ·mcpw B taJ-e-bn Fgp-Xp¶-h-cp-am-bn-cn-¡mw. XÀ¡-Im-c-y-§fn H¯p-XoÀ¸p-­m-¡m³ ChÀ¡v {]tX-yIw kmaÀYyw ImWpw. ChÀ s]mXp-Po-hn-X-¯n ]¦mfn-I-fm-hp-sa-¦nepw AXn\v ]cn-anXnIÄ IqSpw. Úm\-Zm-ln-I-fmb C hÀ hmb\, ]T\w, a\\w F¶n-hbn {i²n¨p ]e-t¸mgpw GIm-´-XbpsS am[-y-X-y-a-\p-`-hn¨v FÃm-¯n \n¶pw hnSp-X kzo-I-cn¨v Ign-bp¶Xpw ImWmw.

N]vfm¨n hÀ¯am\w ]d-bp¶Xn\pw thZn-bn {]tim-`n-¡m\pw ChÀ an\-s¡-Sm-dn-Ã. adn¨v Adnhv Bßm- h n\v th­n- b mWv F¶ AÀY-¯n AjvSm-h-{Is\ t]mse Hcp Bßob IpSocw a\-Ên Xo À¯v thj-`q-j-IÄ IqSmsX kz´w a\-Êm-Ip¶ Nnan-gn HXp-§n-¡q-SpIbpw sN¿mw. IpSpw-_-kpJw Gähpw henb k¼¯v Bbn ImWp¶ ChÀ A\p`-h-¯n B{K-ln-¡pw-hn[w e`n-¡W-sa-¶nÃ. Ch-cpsS DÄtN-X-\-bp sS al-X-z-a-dn-bp¶ Hcp sNdnb hen b al-¯mb kplr¯vhebw F t¸mgpw Chsc Npän-¸-än-Im-Wmw. km¼-¯n-I-_p-²n-ap-«p-I-fneq-sSbp-ff Akp-J-§-fpw, \ncmi, Bim`wKw F¶nh hcp-¯p¶ tcmK§fpw, \s«-Ãp-th-Z\, InUv\n kw_Ô-amb Akp-J-§Ä F¶n-h-bmWv ChÀ¡v km[m-cW I­p-h-cm-dv.

Unkw_À 2013 Infn-¸m«v

51


Nm¯\nkw _nPp s_Â BÀSvkv

CSXp cmjv{Sob¡mÀ `mKyhm·mcmWv... amjv...

AsX´mSm...

FSm... hÀj§fmbn {]XnIqe ImemhØtbmSpw h\yarK§tfmSpw IjvSs¸«v _p²nap«n IkvXqcncwK³... ]Ssh«n Ip¶nSn¨pw ]mds]m«n¨pw F´m amjv... h\\ioIcWhpw \S¯p¶ hsc AhnsS\n¶pw HmSn¡Ww F¶mSm... IkvXqcncwK³ ]dbp¶Xv...

Ct¸mgs¯ hnjbw IkvXqcncwK\m... amjv... lÀ¯m \S¯phm\pw {]Xn tj[n¡m\psams¡ AhÀ¡v hnj b§Ä In«ns¡m­ncn¡pw...

CSXp cmjv{Sob¡mÀ¡v {]IrXnkvt\lhpw h\am^nbmhncp²hpw FÃmt]À¡pw... hmbn¨p XncsªSp¸n\v... {]Xntj[¡mÀ... J\\am^nbm hncp² IkvXqcncwK³ dnt¸mÀ«v ]Tn¨p PUvPnamcmIm³ \mepamkapff¸gm... {]t£m`§fpw kwLSn¸n¡m³ ]äptam... dnt¸mÀ«v hmbn¨p hmbn¨n«pt­m F¶m... dnt¸mÀ«v hmb\... XncsªSp¸p Ignªpw sIm­ncp¶m \½psS tImSXn tNmZn¨Xv... kabap­tÃm... P\m[n]Xyw Ip«nt¨mdm IntÃ...

_nj¸pamÀ ]dbp¶p XmactÈcnIq¯m«w F¶m ]dtb­Xv... cmhpw ]Iepw Pmenb³hmem_mKv sImffbpw sImffnsh¸pw BhÀ¯n¡pw F¶v... s]mXpkz¯p \in¸n¡epw...

KmUvKn dnt¸mÀ«n shffw tNÀ¡m\m kÀ¡mÀ IkvXqcncwKs\\ntbmKn¨Xv.... ]men shffw tNÀ¡pwt]mse...

Infn¸m«v hcnkwJym \nc¡v C³UybnÂ

hntZi¯v

Hcp hÀjw aq¶p hÀjw

` 150/-

US$ 40/-

` 450/-

US$ 150/-

A©p hÀjw

` 650/-

US$ 175/-

hnizmknIÄ A{Iamk àcmImsX Imcy§Ä ]dªp a\Ênem¡n sImSpt¡­ _nj¸pamcpsS {]XnIcW§fm amjv... AXnibw...

AXnibnt¡­ ImcyanÃSm... AhÀ ssZh¯nsâ {]Xn]pcpj·mcsÃ...

Ct¸mÄ ]m H«pw th­... shffw am{Xw aXn.... \ap¡pw In«Ww thm«v...

_b³Up sNbvX ap³e¡§Ä þ {]XnhÀjhmeyw C³Uybn ` 150/þ hntZi¯v US$ 40

aWnHmÀUÀ / Un Un / XpI F¯nt¡­ hnemkw : FUnäÀ, Infn¸m«v Xp©³kvam-cIw, sFcmWnap«w, aW¡mSv ]n.H., Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw 695009. t^m¬: 0471--2457473 Mail us: kilippattu@gmail.com

Printed, published, edited and owned by T. G. Harikumar published from Thunchan Smaraka Samithi, Airanimuttom, Manacaud P.O., Thiruvananthapuram - 695 009 and printed at Aradhana Printers, Pangode,Thiruvananthapuram.

Kilippattu december 2013  

Kilippattu December_2013