Page 1

ISSN 2319 - 4677 Kilippattu Vol. XI

BKÌv 2016 (1191 IÀ¡SIwþ1192 Nn§w)

Issue 2

aebmf¯nse k¼qÀW amknI

A¿-¸³ _p²t\m tIk-cn-bpsS \nco-£-W-¯neqsS No\-k-©mcnbpsS bm{Xm-hn-h-c-W-¯n-eqsS t_m[n-k-X-zsâ t]mXm-f-I-amWv i_-cn-ae F¶v sXfn-b-p-¶p.

atX-Xc Bßo-b-Xbpw apX-em-fn-¯hpw \ap¡v th­n F¶ coXn-bn F¯p¶ BtLm-j-§-fn \ap¡v th­n apX-em-fn¯w \ÂIp¶ k½m-\-§-fn \mw izmkw ap«n acn-¡pw.

Hgn-hp-Zn-h-ks¯Ifn-bnse Im«p-\oXn ImSnsâ \oXnsb P\m[n-]-X-y-¯n\v _Z-embn \nÀtZ-in-¡p-t¼mÄ AsXmcp cmjv{So-b-Ip-ä-ambn amdp-¶p.


Sn Pn lcn-Ip-amÀ cNn¨ "D®n-bmÀ¨' F¶ {KÙ-¯nsâ {]Im-i\w

Sn Pn lcn-Ip-amÀ cNn¨v tIcf `mjm C³Ìn-ä-yq«v {]kn-²o-I-cn¨ D®n-bmÀ¨ F¶ {KÙ-¯nsâ {]Im-i\w Xp©³ kvamcI aWvU-]-¯n kv]o¡À ]n {iocm-a-Ir-jvW³ Ggm-t¨cn cma-N-{µ\v BZ-y-{]Xn \ÂIn \nÀh-ln-¡p-¶p. tUm Un _m_p-t]mÄ A[-y-£-\m-bn-cp¶ NS-§n kn sI lco-{µ³ Fw F F IS-¯-\m-S³ IYm-Imc-\mb `mkvI-c³ am\-t´-cnsb BZ-cn-¨p. tUm Fw BÀ X¼m³, cmPohv tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW³, ssjPp Fkv [c³, Fkv tKm]-Ip-amÀ F¶n-hÀ NS-§n ]s¦-Sp-¯p.

F³ X¦-¸³]nff A\p-kva-c-W-k-t½-f\w

Xp©³ kvamcI kanXnbpsS ap³ sshkv{]knUâv F³ X¦¸³]nÅbpsS c­mw NcahmÀjnIt¯mS\p_Ôn¨v kwLSn¸n¨ A\p-kva-c-W-k-t½-f\w ]p.I.km P\d sk{I«dn hn F³ apcfn DÂLmS\w sN¿p¶p. s{]m^ sI the-¸³ \mbÀ A[-y-£\mbncp¶tbmK¯n \oe-]Zva\m-`³, Imc-bv¡m-a-WvU]w hnPb-Ip-amÀ, Sn Pn lcn-Ip-amÀ, Pn Ipam-c-k-zman, ]n taml\³, ssjPp Fkv [c³, Cµn-cm-Ir-jvW³, Fkv kp\nÂIp-amÀ, Pb AtimIv, kpZÀi-\³ \mbÀ, Sn tKm]-Ip-amÀ XpS§nbhÀ ]s¦Sp¯p.


DÅS¡w

amknI BKÌv 2016

1191 IÀ¡SIwþ1192 Nn§w

]pkvXIw 11 / e¡w 2

]utcmlnXyw ISensednª kwkvImcw, temIs¯ Dcp«nhngp§m³ sh¼p¶ apXemfn¯t¯mSv D]tZiw tXSp¶ sNs¦mSn, P\m[n]Xy¯n\v _ZÂ Im«v\oXnbmsW¶v Acm{ãobX ]pe¼p¶ kn\naIÄ ...

DÄ¡mgvN

13

IivaoÀ ho­pw, am-[-ya kzmX{´yw, ]n tIi-h-tZhv ... Pn F³ ]Wn¡À

C¡nfn{]Xntcm[w

06

atX-Xc Bßo-b-Xbpw apX-em-fn-¯hpw

08

"HgnhpZnhks¯ Ifnbnse Im«p\oXn'

teJ\w

32

jq_ sI Fkv a\p Fw

tUm Im\w i-¦-c-¸n-ff

kw`mjWw

39

_p²]£w

18

i_cnaebnse A¿¸³ _p²t\m?

26

_u²-kw-kvImcw Hcp ]T\w

]T\w

43

Ac§v

28

"Ipdn-tbS¯v Xm{Xn' Hcp t\Àho£Ww {]nb Fkv

A[n\mSI¯nsâ kuµcyimkv{Xw Nn³abv apcfn

Kn¶kv _p¡n F¯nb- Nn{X-Im-c³ Iem-kw-hn-[m-\-¯n-te¡v cmP-ti-J-c³ apXp-Ipfw

sI N{µlcn

{]nb kZvKab

"shÅmfÀ' {]mNo\kapZmbw

IhnX 11

ac-W-an-Ãm-¯-h³ Im«m-¼Ån \njvI-f³

16

Pzen¡q tXPtÊ \o hn BÀ lÀj³

38

I®oÀ {]]©w iin[c³ ASqÀ

47

Kpl³

tUm Fw kn \mbÀ 49

a¡sâ aIÄ

IhnX{]kmZv InS§¶qÀ 51

Btábmkv{Xw 12

Htc Hcp hiw am{Xw

imkv{X-IYmIu-XpIw

17

anÌÀ tSmw]vIn³kv AÂ`p-X-tem-I-¯nÂ!

tUm kn Pn cma-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

]n \mcmbW¡pdp¸v

\mw \S-¶ hgn-IÄ 46

sN½-\w-Nmt¡m

CS-h-I-¡m-cyw

shff\mSv cmaN{µ³

48-

kn²marXw 52

]n sI apcfo[c³

IÀ¡-SIw ...

tUm hnt\m_v hÀKokv

ImSv km£n

"G¦fv¡v h´v tkc-¯sh-\bw GW-¯-hâv ]mdv !'

\nan¯am{Xw Xh khykmNn³

Infnsamgn 50

tIfo-]m{Xw

tUm ]n tkXp-\m-Y³

FUnäÀ & ]»njÀ: Sn- Pn -l-cn-Ip-amÀ | BÀ«nÌv: tPm¬ ]p\em {]nânMv: Bcm[\ {]ntâgvkv, Xncph\´]pcw

amÀ¡änMv & FUntämdnb Hm^okv: Infn-¸m«v amknI, Xp©³kvam-cIw, sFcmWnap«w, aW¡mSv ]n.H., Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw- 9. t^m¬: 0471 2456575, 2457473. Website: www.thunchan.org E-mail: kilippattu@gmail.com


Nn{Xhpw Nn{Xhpw Nn´bpw Nn´bpw

tPm¬ ]p\-emÂ

kwkvImc k¼¶XbpsS k¯bmWv \oXnt_m[w.hyànKX \o¡pt]m¡pIfnÃm¯ \njv]£þ\nÀ`b Xpe\{]{Inb! `cWLS\t]mse _rl¯mWv \½psS \oXn \ymb hyhØIfpw. hymJym\n¨v hfbv¡m\pw hfs¨mSn¡m\pw ]cym]vXw. sImSpwIpähmfnIsf Ipcp¡gn¨v Ipdp¡phgnIfneqsS c£s¸Sp¯nbmepw \nc]cm[nsb in£n¡nà Fs¶mcp Dd¸pam{XtabpÅq \½psS ap¶nÂ. apJw t\m¡msX hn[n\ymb§Ä FgptX­ Ic§Ä¡v ]XÀ¨tbm! PmXnþaX BNmcm\pjvTm\§Ä¡pw amaqepIÄ¡pw [\þcmjv{Sob taÂt¡mbva¡pw ap¶n Xpey\oXn A\yamIp¶ ]XnhpImgvNIÄ. k½ÀZ]£¯p\n¶pw a\pjy]£t¯¡pÅ Zqcw \mw ImWmsX t]mIp¶p. {]XnIcW¯nsâ ]cymbsa¶v ]pIgvs]ä \mw ]et¸mgpw au\{hX¯nemWv. \njv{Inb ]£¯p\n¶m kwLÀjanÃmsX kam[nbmImsa¶ t_m[yw!


BKÌv 2016

1191IÀ¡SIwþ1192 Nn§w

FUntämdnbÂ

ImeN{Iw Xncnbpt¼mÄ

an

¶nadbp¶sX´pw Ncn{Xw. ]pcmW§fnepw CXnlmk§fnepw CXnsâ an¶em«w ImWmw. sNt¸SpIfnepw ineIfnepw Ncn{X¯nsâ ImWm¸p d§Ä ZÀin¡mw. lmc¸bnepw taml³PZmtcmbnepw DÂJ\\¯neqsS s]m´n h¶Xpw Ncn{Xw Xs¶. F{X Hfn¨psh¨mepw Hcn¡Â Ah ]pd¯phcpsa¶Xp kXyw. {InkvXphn\pap³]v ChnsS \ne\n¶ncp¶ _u²k{¼Zmb§Ä X¨pS¨ Xnsâ Xncptijn¸pIÄ XIÀ¶ _p²{]XnaIfneqsS ]pd¯ph¶psIm­ncn¡p ¶p. ImeN{Iw Xncnbpt¼mÄ XIÀ¶h ]p\cpÖohn¡pIbpw {]`mhw sNep¯n \n¡p¶h XIÀ¶SnbpIbpw sN¿pw. NmXpÀhÀWyhpw P·nk{¼Zmbhpsams¡ C¯c¯n D³aqe\w sN¿s¸«hbmW.v a\pjysâ _p²naWvUew amä§Ä DÄs¡mÅm³ t]m¶hbmWv. AXpsIm­pXs¶bmWv ""amäphn³N«§sf Asà ¦n amäpahIfo \n§sf¯m³'' F¶v Bim³ ]mSnbXv. \thmYm\w PoÀWXI fn \n¶pÅ tamN\amWv. ]e ImeL«§fnepw AXp­mbn«p­v. ]Xn\memw \qäm­nepw, ]Xn\mdmw \qäm­nepw, ]s¯m³]Xmw \qäm­nepw \thmYm\ ¯nsâ AeIÄ temIamsI hoinbSn¨n«p­v. Cu ImeL«§Ä¡p ap³]pw ChnsS \thmYm\§Ä D­mbn«p­v. am\hkwkvIrXnbpsS amä§fpsS IY]d bp¶hbmbncp¶p AsXms¡. bqtdm¸nepw Gjybnepw B{^n¡bnepsams¡ C¯cw amä§fpsS KmYIÄ cNn¡s¸«n«p­v. \ap¡v \½ptSsX¶v ]dbm³ C¶ seIÄ k½m\n¨ kwkvImc hntij§fmWpÅXv. C¶nsâ ASnØm\w _es¸ Sp¯p¶Xpw Ah Xs¶. \mfbnte¡pÅ {]bmWhpw Cu _es¸Sp¯eneqsS am{Xta km[yamIq.

amä§Ä sIm­ph¶hÀ {Iqin¡s¸« Ncn{Xhpw \ap¡v ]p¯cnbÃ. C¶v kw`hn ¨psIm­ncn¡p¶Xpw AXpXs¶. amä§Ä¡pth­n apdhnfnIq«p¶ Hcphn`mKw. amä§sf FXnÀ¡p¶ asämcphn`mKw. c­n \n¶pw kzmwioIcns¨Sp¡m³ {ian ¡p¶ aq¶masXmcphn`mKw CXmWv C¶s¯ AhØ. cmjv{S¯nsâbpw cmjv{So b¯nsâbpw ho£W§Ä amdpIbmWv. F´v ]mXIhpw BÀ¡pw sN¿mw. Bscbpw in£n¡Wsa¶v \nÀ_ÔhpanÃ. ]t£ \S]Sn{Ia§Ä ]qÀ¯nbm ¡Ww. CXpam{XamWv \hP\m[n]Xy{Ia¯nse Iogvhg¡§Ä. FÃmw aäpÅ hsc t_m[ys¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pth­nam{Xw. aXXo{hhmZhpw cmjv{SXo{hhmZhpw sIm­p\S¡p¶hÀ sImgp¯p XSn¡pI bmWv. ]ckv]cw hmZ{]XnhmZ§Ä \S¯m\pw Nm\epIÄ¡v sshIpt¶cw sIm­mSm\papÅ hnjb§Ä D­mIpI am{XamWv e£yw. AXpIgnbp¶tXmsS P\m[n]Xy{]{Inb ]qÀ¯nbmbn F¶mWv Nm\ hoc³amcpsS `mhw. Nmcn{Xw \jvSs¸«(\jvSs¸Sp¯nb) Hcp IpeSbpsS sImehnfn Ignª Xncsª Sp¸n\pap¼v \mw tI«XmWv. ]pXnb kÀ¡mcn\v hgnsbmcp¡p¶Xn AXphen sbmcp ImcWhpambn. A`nkmcnIbpsS A`n{]mb§Ä Ipsdt]Às¡¦nepw A\p {Klambncp¶p A¶v. P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ sshIrXamWnXv. ImeN{Iw XncnbpIbmWv. ChnsS ]eXpw Cu {]hml¯n Hen¨pt]mIpw. AXn kwkvImchpw aXhpw Bib§fpw FÃmws]Spw. ]pXnb F¡epIÄ h¶ Snbpw. Ahbv¡v ]gabpsS KÔhpap­mhpw. AXn \n¶pw ]p¯³Xeapd DuÀPw t\Spw. IÅ\mWb§fpw Im¡s]m¶pIfpw Ime¯nsâ N{I§Ä¡SnbnÂs¸«v AcªpXocpw. kXy¯nsâ B bpKw ]nd¡p¶Xn\mbn \ap¡v Im¯ncn¡mw. ]XnX\pw aÀZnX\pw ]Sp¯pbÀ¯p¶ B kpµctemI¯nte¡v \ap¡v IS¶p sNÃmw. Sn- Pn -l-cn-Ip-amÀ


C¡nfn{]Xntcm[w jq_ sI Fkv shoobaks@gmail.com

atX-Xc Bßo-b-Xbpw apX-em-fn-¯hpw

Ip

ªnsâ tNmdq-WmWv. At\-Iw-t]À hcn-Ibpw k½m-\- h-kv{X§ÄsIm­v hoSv \nd-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. BtLm-j-§Ä hfsc sshIp-¶-Xp-hsc \o­p-t]m-bn. HSp-hn Ft¸mtgm BWv NS§n\v Imc-W-¡m-c-\mb Ipªnsâ Imcyw HmÀ¯-Xv. At¸m-gmWv Adn-bp-¶Xv k½m\hkv{X-§Ä¡n-S-bnÂs]«v Ipªv izmkw ap«n acn-s¨-¶v. `à-I-hn-bm bn Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶ ]q´m-\-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« IYbm-Wn-Xv. AS-bm-f-§-fpw B Nm-c-§-fpw-sIm­v bmYmÀYyw hnkva-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw PohnXw ad-¶p-t]m-Ip-I bpw A\-y-hÂI-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-Xn-s\-bmWv Bßo-bX F¶v ]d-bp¶-Xv. Ipªnsâ tNmdq-WmWv hnj-b-sa-¦nepw AXp- a-d¶pt]mIp-Ibpw Ip ªns\ ad¶pt]m-Ip-Ibpw NS-§n\v {]map-Jyw In«pIbpw sN¿p¶ kaq-ls¯-bmWv Bßo-b-kaqlw F¶v hnfn-¡p-¶-Xv. {_mÒ-W-a-X-Ime¯nsâ Zpc´-amWv CXn-eqsS BJ-ym\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. aX-¯nsâ Imew Ignªp ]t£ AÂ`p-X-§-fpsS Imew Ign-ªn-«nà F¶v ]­v tUm sI `mkvI-c³ \mbÀ ]d-ªn-«p-­v. Bßo-b-Xbpw A\yhÂI-c-Whpw C¶v P\-§-fn \nt£-]n-¡p-¶Xv apX-em-fn-¯-am-Wv. Ip ªn\v Gähpw hne-bp-ff anTm-bnbpw Gähpw hne-bp-ff hnZ-ym-`-ym-khpw Gähpw hne-bp-ff NnInÂkbpw \mw hm§n-s¡m-Sp-¡p-¶p. ]t£ Ipªv izm-kw-ap«n acn-¡p-¶Xv \mw Adn-bp-¶nÃ. ]c-k-y-¯n I­ anTmbn Ip«n-bpsS Bh-i-y-{]-Imcw Xs¶ Aѳ hm§n-s¡m-Sp-¡p-¶p. AXv Znh-kw-tXmdpw BhÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. A§s\ Ipªn\pw AÑ-\pwCS-bn-ep-ff kvt\lw hÀ[n-¨p-h-cp¶p F¶ tXm¶Â D­m-Ip-¶p. anTm bn CÃmsX Ip«n-bpsS ASp¯v sNÃp¶ Hcp sshIp-t¶cw am{X-amWv, D­m-bn-cp¶ _Ôw IqSn CÃm-Xm-bn-cn-¡p¶p F¶ hkvXpX Aѳ Adn-bp-¶-Xv. a\p-j-y-_-Ô-§sf DÂ]-¶-§Ä BtZiw sN¿p-¶p. a\pj-y³ A\-y-hÂI-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw Pohn-X-§sf izm-kw-ap-«n¨v sIme-s¸Sp-¯p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. ]gb BNm-c-§-fp-sSbpw AS-bm-f-§-fp-sSbpw ssZh-§-fp-sSbpw Øm\w C¶v I¨h-S-h-kvXp-¡fpw sSIvt\m-fPn \nÀan¡p¶ AÂ`p-X-§fpw ]nSn-s¨-Sp-¡p-¶p. aXw -hn-`m-h\w sNbvX ]qÀW-X-

6

Infn¸ - m«v

9446347278

a\p-j-y-_-Ô-§sf DÂ]-¶-§Ä BtZiw sN¿p-¶p. a\p-j-y³ A\-yhÂI-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw Pohn-X-§sf izm-kw-ap-«n¨v sIme-s¸-Sp-¯p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p.

Ifpw hnip-²n-Ifpw X s¶-bmWv apX-em-fn¯w D]- t bm- K - s ¸- S p- ¯ p- I bpw hmKvZm\w sN¿p-I bpw sN¿p-¶-Xv. ipNn-X-zap-ff tcmKm-Wp-hn-ap-àamb hkvXp-¡fpw Ø e-§fpw ]­s¯ ]m] hnap-à-amb kzÀK-¯n\v ]Icw hbv¡p-¶p. aXhpw PmXnbpw Bßob-Xbpw C¶v I¨-hS DÂ ]-¶- (Commodity) amWv. Zfn-Xn-khpw hwio-b-hm-Z hpw Xo{h-hm-Zhpw Pm-Xn-cm-


C¡nfn{]Xntcm[w jv{So-bhpw Hs¡-¯s¶ hnÂ]-\-bv¡p-f-f-Xm-Wv. "{_mÒn¬kv km¼mdv s]mSn' {_mÒWÀ \nÀan-¡p-¶-tXm hn¡p-¶tXm {_mÒWÀ am{Xw hm §m³ Dt±-in-¨n-cn-¡p-¶tXm AÃ. I¨-hS DÂ]-¶-am-Im³ th­n ]gb PmXn-hn-`-P\s¯ D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯p-t¼mÄ Xs¶bpw hn ¡p¶ kµÀ`-¯n AXn\v PmXn-bn-Ã. PmXn-kw-L-S-\-I-fpsS Imcyhpw A§-s\- X-s¶-bmWv. khÀWsc FXnÀ¯v ZfnXv kwL-S-\-bp-­m-Ipw. {InkvX-y³-þ-apÉow \yq-\-]£ ta[m-hnX-zs¯ FXnÀ¡m-\mbn khÀW-þ-Z-fnXv sFIyw hn`m-h\w sN¿pw. XpSÀ¶v khÀW-Z-fnXv lnµp-X-zhpw {InkvX-y\pw X½n-ep-ff sFIyw apÉow `c-W-IqS ta[m-hn-X-zs¯ F XnÀ¡m-s\¶ coXn-bn krjvSn-¡-s¸-Spw. ]n¶oSv lnµpXz Xo{h-hm-Zhpw apÉow Xo{h-hm-Zhpw Hcp-an-¨n-cp¶v I¨hSw \S-¯pw. FÃm-än\pw ASn-bnepw ap¶nepw A[n-Im-c hpw ]Whpw Bbn-cn-¡pw. ]t£ PmXnbpw aXhpw BWv Xcm-X-cw-t]mse hmZnbpw {]Xn-tbmKnbpw Bbn amdp-¶-Xv. Xo{h-hm-Z-¯n\pw `c-W-IqS `oI-c-Xbv¡pw FXn-cmbn kacw sNbvXpw Cc-hm-Z-s¯bpw s^an-\n-ks¯bpw Xo{h-hm-Z-s¯bpw ]cn-Øn-Xn-hm-Z-s¯bpw BZnhmkn hwio-b-X-sbbpw Ipdn¨v ]pkvX-I-sa-gp-Xnbpw {] kw-Kn¨pw Cu I¨-h-Ss¯ \mw kpK-a-am-¡pw. shdptX \S ¶v t]mb Hcmsf sIm¶Xv X§-fpsS ZfnXv kwL-S-\-bpsS ]c-k-y-¯n\v th­n Bbn-cp¶p F¶v Ipä-hmfn tImS-Xn-bn ]d-bp-¶p. FÃm Xo{h-hmZ kvt^mS-\-§fpw Iem-]-§fpw sIme]m-X-I-§fpw FXnÀhn-`m-K-t¯m-Sp-ff i{Xp-X-sIm-­Ã C¶p-­mIp-¶Xv, ]c-k-y-¯n\v th­n-bm-Wv. {_mÒn¬kv km¼mdv s]mSn hn]W\w sN-¿p-¶Xv t]msebmW-Xv. khÀW^mjnÌv hncp² ka-c§-fm-Is« {_mÒn¬kv km¼mdv s]mSn-bà ZfnXv Cd-¨n-Idn ]uUÀ BWv \ÃXv F¶v hmZn¡pwt]mse-bmWv. c­pw Hcp apX-em-fn-bmWv \nÀan-¡p-¶Xv F¶ bmYmÀYyw \mw Adn-bm sX t]mIp-¶p. `£Ww F¶ \nÀan-Xn-bn \n¶v a\pj-y{]-b-Xv\-s¯bpw \nÀam-W-s¯bpw A\-y-hÂI-cn-¡p¶ atX-Xc Bßo-b-{]-hÀ¯-\-amWv Idn-]u-UÀ \nÀhln-¡p-¶Xv F¶ bmYmÀYyw \mw ad-¶p-t]m-Ip-¶p. apX-em-fn¯w \nÀan-¡p¶ atX-X-c-amb Cu BßobX P\-Xsb apX-em-fn¯w F¶ {Iqc-\mb c£-I\n AÀ]n-X-a\kvIcmb D]-t`m-àm-hns\ \nÀan¡p-¶p. H¶pw \nÀan-¡m-\m-hm¯ jWvUo-I-cn-¡s¸« ico-c-hÂI-cn-¡-s¸« Hcp P\-Xsb krjvSn¡p-¶p. Im¯n-cn¸pw kq^n-khpw tbmKbpw; ]pXnb I¨-hS kn\n-a-I-fnepw ]pXnb I¨-hS cmjv{So-b-¯nepw {][m-\-km-¶n-[ - -y-am-Ip-¶Xv AXp-sIm-­m-Wv. AXp-sIm-­mWv ]pXnb C³ U-ybv¡v th­n, ]pXnb tIc-f-¯n\v th­n s]m ¦m-e-bÀ]n¨v Im¯n-cn-¡p¶ kaq-l-ambn \mw amdn-b-Xv. Bäp-Im tZhn, s]m¦me CSp¶ Znhkw-t]mepw `àsc c£n-¡nà F¶v \ap-¡-dnbmw. AXp-sIm­v At¶-Zn-hkw t£{X-{SÌv `àÀ¡v C³j-z-d³kv GÀs¸-Sp-¯n. C¶s¯ `à-scÃmw Ah-c-dnªpw Adn-bm-sXbpw I¼-\n-IfpsS D]-t`m-àm-hm-bn amdn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. AYhm apXem-fn¯w c£n¡pw F¶v Icp-Xn-s¡m-­mWv \mw `à-cmbn Xocp-¶-Xv. Cu atX-Xc Bßo-bX apX-emfn¯sa¶ ^mjnÌv c£-I\v th­n s]m¦m-e-bn-Sp-¶-hcm¡n P\-Xsb amäp-¶p. em`-s¡mXn am{X-ap-ff {Iqc\mb Cu th«-¡m-c³ hcpw C³U-ybpw tIc-fhpw amdpw FÃmw icn-bmIpw F¶v ]dªv Im¯n-cp¶v, ]pgbpw a\Êpw cmjv{So-bhpw {]W-bhpw Poh\pw saenªv Hgp-In-¯o-cpw. \ap¡v th­n F¶ coXn-bn F¯p¶ BtLm-j-§-fn \ap¡v th­n apX-em-fn¯w \ÂIp¶ k½m-\-§-fn \mw izm-kwap«n acn¡pw.

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

7


C¡nfn{]Xntcm[w a\p Fw manuvenkulam@gmail.com

`q

(XncsªSp¯ ]©X{´w IYsb ap³\nÀ¯nbpÅ ]T\w)

ansb Dcp«n hngp§m³ sh Ãp¶ apXemfn¯ _men is¯ BtKmfhÂIcW ambn \mw DZm¯oIcn¡p¶p. D®p IbmWv, D­m¡pIbà PohnXe £ysa¶ I¬kyqadnÌv Hmd kn ²m´s¯ hnIk\amtbm ]ptcmK Xnbmtbm sXän²cn¡p¶Xv A]I Sw ]nSn¨ Hcp Ffp¸hgnbmWv þ Fw F³ hnPb³. FÃm ZpcnX§fn \n¶pw A [zm\¯n \n¶pw c£s¸«v kpJ Icambn Hfn¨ncn¡ms\mcnSw \½Ä At\zjn¨psImt­bncn¡p¶p. ] eni¡S§fn \n¶v, Imdnsâ þ ss_¡nsâþ^vfmänsâ tem WShpIfn \n¶v, Bß lXyIfn \n¶v Hs¡ c£s¸Sms\mcnSw. \m «n \n¶v FhntS¡m Wv t]mhpI? Im«nte ¡v, ImSv Hcp kz]v\am Wv. h\yamb Ima\I fpsS, A\nb{´nXam b ssewKnI kzmX{´y ¯nsâ, AXoh kpc £nXamsbmcnSambn "ImSv' kaIme¯v ]cnK Wn¡s¸Sp¶p. ImSnsâ ku µcyhpw h\yXbpw ]cnNbs¸Sp ¯p¶ kn\naIÄ [mcmfaps­¦n epw "ImSnsâ \oXn'sb P\m[n]Xy ¯n\p _Zembn \nÀtZin¡p¶ B Zys¯ aebmfcmjv{Sob kn\nabm Wv HgnhpZnhks¯ Ifn (kwhn[m \wþk\ÂIpamÀ iin[c³, cN\þ D®n BÀ) "CsXmcp Im«pkn\na bmWv' F¶ apJhpctbmsS Nn{Xw AhXcn¸n¨ncn¡p¶p. ImSnsâ \oXnsbbpw A[nImc s¯bpw kw_Ôn¡p¶ NÀ¨IÄ ]cnKWn¡p¶ ]©X{´IYIsf (khntijambn atZm¡S\pw IZ \I\pw F¶ IY) ap³\nÀ¯n kn \nasb ChnsS A]{KYn¡p¶p.

8

Infn¸ - m«v

8281560061

a. kn\na {]tabw: HscmgnhpZnhks¯ A©p t]cp sS PohnXIY. CseIvj³ Znhkw A©p kplr¯p¡fpsamcpan¨v Im Sn\pÅnse hnP\amb dntkmÀ«n BtLmjn¡ms\¯p¶p. aZy]m\ hpw `£WhpamWv apJy BtLm jhn`h§Ä. Iq«¯nse ZfnX\mb Zmks\ aäpÅhÀ tNÀ¶v Xq¡n sImÃp¶p. {_mÒW\pw hym]mcn bpw kÀ¡mcptZymKØ\pw saUn

¡Â CS\ne¡mc\psams¡ P\m [n]Xykaql¯nsâ hyXykvX X«pIfnepÅ P\Xsb {]Xn\n[oI cn¨ncn¡p¶p. b. Im«nsâ \oXn, ]©X{´IYbn \n¶v: Hcp Im«n atZm¡S³ F¶ knw lhpw Ahsâ A\pbmbnIfmbn ISph, Ipdp¡³, Im¡ F¶nhcpw hkn¨ncp¶p. Hcn¡Â hym]mcnkw


C¡nfn{]Xntcm[w

]©X{´I Ybnse H«I s¯t¸mse Chn sS kzbw acW¯n \pÅ _en]oTw \nÀan ¡pIbmWv Zmk³.

k\ÂIpamÀ iin[c³

L¯n \n¶v hgnsXän F¯nt¨À¶ IZ\I³ F¶ H«I¯n\v knwlw A`bw \ÂIp¶p. Ahs\ sIm¶pXn¶msa¶ A\pbmbnIfpsS A`n{]mbs¯ knwlw FXnÀ¡p¶p. Ime§Ä¡ptijw Hcn¡Â Im«m\bpambpÅ bp²¯n knwlw ]cmPbs¸Sp Ibpw IjvSn¨v c£s¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. ]t£ HcSn t]mepw \S¡m³Ignbm¯ AhØbn knwl ¯n\v Igntb­n h¶p. th«bmSm³ t]mIm\mIm¯Xpaqew knwlhpw A\pbmbnIfpw ]«nWnbnembn. H«Is¯ sIm¶pXn ¶msa¶ B{Klw A\pbmbnIÄ apt¶m«v h¨p. F¶m H«Iw kzta[bm k½Xn¨m am{Xta Ahs\Xm³ sIm¶pXn¶pIbpÅq F¶v knwlw hyhØ h¨p. AXn³{]Imcw Ipdp¡\pw Iq«pImcpw tNÀ¶v Hcp ]²Xn X¿mdm¡n. Ipdp¡³ Hcp tbmKw hnfn¨pIq«n, knwl ¯nsâ Zb\ob Øn Xnsb¡pdn¨v {]kwKn ¨p. \½sf C{XIme hpw kwc£n¨ knw ls¯ \½fmemIp ¶hn[¯n klmbn ¡Wsa¶v Bhiy s¸«p. Im¡ apt¶m«v h¶v Xs¶ sIm¶v Xn¶v hni¸S¡ns¡m Åm³ knwlt¯mSv At]£n¨p. F¶m Im¡sb Xn¶m knwl¯nsâ hni¸p Xocnsöv Ipdp¡³ ]dªp. Ahsâ kzm an`ànsb {]iwkn ¡pIbpw sNbv X p.

ISph Xs¶ Xn¶psImÅm³ Bhiys¸«t¸mÄ kz PmXnbnepÅhsc arK§Ä `£n¡pIbnsöv Ipdp ¡³ A`n{]mbs¸«p. AXn\m knwlw Xs¶Xn¶v hni¸pamäWsa¶pw ]dªp. C{Xbpambt¸mÄ H«I ¯n\v kz´w kzman`àn sXfnbnt¡­ kmlNcyw h¶p. Xs¶ h[n¨psImÅm³ H«Iw Bhiys¸« DS³ FÃmt]cpw tNÀ¶v Ahs\ hIhcp¯n. A[nImcs¯bpw cmPIob\oXnsbbpw (AXpX s¶bmWv Im«p\oXnbpw) kw_Ôn¨ hyhØbpsS X{´§sf¡pdn¨mWv hnjvWpiÀa³ Cu IYbneq sS hnUvVnIfmb cmPIpamc³amsc ]Tn¸n¡p¶Xv. Im«nse \oXn "AÀlXbpÅhbpsS AXnPohn¡Â' BWv. ssI¿q¡pÅh\mWv AhnsS Imcy¡mc³. B {Ian¡p¶ th«¡mc\pw sImÃs¸Sp¶ Ccbpw am{X aà Im«nse \oXnsb \nb{´n¡p¶sX¶v Cu IY hyàam¡p¶p. B tcmKyw \in¨ knwl hpw H«Is¯t¸mse kpc£nX\Ã. Bcpw Bscbpw Ft¸mÄ thWsa¦nepw sIm Ãmw F¶pw AhnsS _p²nbpÅhÀ AXn Pohn¡p¶p F¶pw IY shfns¸Sp¯p ¶p. "hni¸v' F¶ k Xz¯n\pap¶n Im«n se \oXn B{IaWam Wv. AXn\m knwl s¯bpw H«Is¯bp sa¶t]mse ISph bpw Ipdp¡\pw Im¡ bpsam¶pw kpc£nX cÃ. B acW`oXnbn  asämcmsf sIm¶v kzbw c£n¡m\pÅ _m[yX Im«nse \o Xn Bhiys¸Sp¶p. AXmbXv Im«nse \oXnbn "hyàn' F¶ ]Zw D­mIp¶n Ã. AhnsS Hmtcmcp ¯cpw Cctbm th« ¡mct\m Bbn amdn s¡mt­bncn¡p¶p. Cc CcbmbnXs¶ XpScp¶ Xnsâ Zpc´amWv ChnsS H«I¯n\v kw`hn¡p¶X.v knwl¯nsâ HuZmcy¯n\p Iogn hn\oXhnt[b \mbn Ignbp¶, Xncn¨dnhpIfnÃm¯ H«I¯n\v ac Ww ssZhhn[nbÃ, BßlXybmWv. Cu cm{ão b]mTw ]©X{´IYbpsS KpW]mTaÃ, km[yX bmWv. "hnUvVnIÄ kzbw A]IS¯nÂs¸Spw' F¶ KpW]mT¯n \n¶v hyXykvXambn CcbpsS \ne hnfn¡pw th«¡mcsâ Bt{Imi¯n\pw ]n¶n Ncn {X]chpw kmwkvImcnIhpw cmjv{Sobhpamb ImcW §fp­mbncn¡pw F¶ hkvXpXsb ASnhcbn«pd¸n ¡p¶p. c. ImSnsâ \oXn kz]v\w ImWp¶ kn\na: P\m[n]Xy{]{InbtbmSv {]XntemaIchpw \ntj[ ]chpamb \ne]mSpIÄ kq£n¡p¶ A©pt]cmWv

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

9


C¡nfn{]Xntcm[w kn\nabnse apJyIYm]m{X§Ä (hn\b³ CseIvj³ Uyq«nbn \n ¶pw Iůcw ImWn¨v c£s¸Sp ¶p, Xncpta\n Hmtcm thm«n\v Hcp Ip¸n aZyhpw Aªqdv cq]bpw IW ¡p]dªv hm§n¡p¶p, Atim I³ t\m«bv¡v thm«v sN¿p¶p, Pm Xn]mÀ«nbneqsS hntamN\w B{K ln¡p¶ Zmk³, ASnb´cmhØ bnse \oXnsb \ymboIcn¡p¶ [Àa³) ChÀ ImSnsâ \oXnbpw B tLmjhpw kz]v\w ImWp¶h cmWv. C§s\ P\m[n]Xy¯n \n ¶pw Hfnt¨mSn Im«nse BtLmj §fn A`ncan¡p¶, AcmPIhpw arKkam\hpamb A\nb{´nX ssewKnIX kz]v\w ImWp¶ IYm ]m{X§fmWv kn\nabn DÅXv. [Àa³, Xncpta\n, \mcmbW³, hn \mbI³, Zmk³, AtimI³, KoX F¶n§s\ Ggpt]cpw A]ISIc amb Im«p\oXn¡pÅn AIs¸Sp ¶p. KoX, sh«pI¯n ImWn¨v c£ s¸Sp¶p. _m¡n Bdpt]cn Bcv, Ft¸mÄ thWsa¦nepw sImÃs¸ Smhp¶ kmlNcyap­v. ""Fsâ a Zyw Nq¸p¶h³ Fs¶ A\pkcn ¡Ww'' F¶v [Àa³ hn\bt\mSv BhÀ¯n¡p¶p. ""[Àa\®m Cu aZyw Ign¡q'' F¶ H¯pXoÀ¸nem Wv hn\bsâ Poh³ c£s¸Sp¶Xv. Xncpta\nbmIs« "CS'¯nsâ kvt]m¬kÀ BWv. AtimI³ Im «p\oXnbpsS hàmhmWv (hn\b\p ambpÅ XÀ¡§fneqsS CXv kn\na hyàam¡p¶p). \mcmbW \mIs« BÀ¡pw hnt[bs¸SmsX ]WnsbSp¡p¶ sXmgnemfnbmWv (tImgnsb sImÃm\pw, acw tIdm \pw, N¡ apdn¡m\pw AbmÄ X¿m dmhp¶nÃ). Zmk\mIs« Im«p\oXn ¡pÅnencp¶v P\m[n]Xys¯ kz]v\w ImWp¶bmfmWv. (Zmk\v am{XamWv CseIvj³ hmÀ¯ Im Wm³ Sn hn hbv¡p¶Xv). aäpÅh sct¸mse Zmk\pw [Àasâ kuP \yaZyw Ign¡m\mWv F¯p¶Xv. P\m[n]Xyhnizmknbmbn Zmks\ kn\na BJym\w sN¿m³ {ian¡p ¶psh¦nepw AbmfptSXv A]Iz amb cmjv{Sob\ne]mSpIfmWv. Pm Xncmjv{Sob¯nemWv AbmÄ¡v aaX. P\m[n]Xyt¯mSpÅ Ahn izmk¯n\v XpeyamWv CXv. tImgnsbs¡mÃm\pw acw Ibdn N¡bnSm\pw aZyw hnf¼m\pw BZy sams¡ hnk½Xn¡p¶p F¦nepw ""Hmtcmcp¯À¡v Hmtcm¶v ]dªn «ntà Zmkm'' F¶ Xncpta\nbpsS hm¡pIÄ¡pap¶n hn\oXhnt[

10

Infn¸ - m«v

Hfnªpt\m¡nbn cp¶XpsIm­vam{Xw sImÃs¸SmsX t]mb t{]£IcpsS PohÂ`bamWv Cu kn\nbpsS hn]Wnaqeys¯ C{XI­v hÀ[n¸n¨Xv b\mhp¶p­v. ]©X{´IYbnse H«Is¯t¸mse ChnsS kzbw ac W¯n\pÅ _en]oTw \nÀan¡pI bmWv Zmk³. ]t£ aäpImcy§fn sem¶pw FXnÀ¸v {]ISn¸n¡pI tbm {]Xntj[n¡pItbm sN¿mXn cn¡p¶ Zmk³ \nds¯¡pdn¨pÅ [Àasâ ]cnlmks¯ am{Xw tNm Zyw sN¿p¶nS¯mWv AbmÄ sIm Ãs¸Sp¶Xv. AXmbXv Zmk³ sIm Ãs¸Sp¶Xv H«Is¯t¸mse Cc bmbn, A`n{]mb§fnÃm¯h\mbn XpScp¶Xn\memWv. adn¨v ZfnX\m bncn¡p¶Xn\meÃ. Cu kXys¯ kn\na ad¨p]nSn¡p¶p. "Yes I am black' F¶ IhnX sNmÃp¶ Zmk \nte¡v A\mhiyamb klXm]w krjvSns¨Sp¡m\mWv BJymXmhv {ian¡p¶Xv . hyànXzanÃm¯, A]IÀjXIfpÅ A`n{]mb§fn Ãm¯ Zmk³ B A©pt]cn sImÃs¸Sm³ Gähpa[nIw km[y XbpÅbmfmbn amdpIbmWv. ]© X{´IY hÀKkwLÀj¯nsâ km[yX Xpd¶n«v tIhe KpW]mT IYbÃmXmbn amdp¶nS¯mWv Hgn hpZnhks¯Ifn "ZfnX³ P\m[n] Xy¯n AImcWambn sImÃs¸ Spw' F¶ t]mÌvtamtU¬ KpW ]mTIYbmbn Npcp§nt¸mIp¶Xv. ChnsS HgnhpZnhkw Hcp kz]v \ZnhkamWv. PohnX¯nsâ ssZ \wZn\{]iv\§fnÃmsX kuP\y ambn aZyhpw Im«pN¡bpw (I¸ \m «p`£WambXn\memWv AsXmgn hm¡p¶Xv) tImgnbnd¨nbpw (Im«p tImgn D­mIpatÃm) Ign¨v kpJn am³amcmbn Pohn¡mhp¶ 365 kz ]v \ Znhk§Ä FÃms¡mÃhpw D­mIWsa¶ B{KlhpambmWv AhÀ Im«ntes¡¯p¶Xv. A§ s\sbmcp kmlNcy¯n Hcp Zfn Xs\ Ahsâ \nd¯nsâ t]cnÂ

A[nt£]n¡cpsX¶pw amän\nÀ ¯cpsX¶papÅ A`yÀY\am{Xta hmkvXh¯n kn\nabv¡pÅq. A[zm\clnXamb Hcp Im«pPohn Xw kn\nabpsS kz]v\amWv. AXn sâ kzm`mhnI ]cnWnXn am{XamWv Zmksâ acWw. DÂ]mZ\clnXambn, kuP\y §Ä kzoIcn¨pw sImSp¯pw Pohn ¡p¶ Hcp P\X ([Àa³ apX KoX hsc kÀhcpw) GtXm Im«p\o Xnbn kzbw _en \ÂtI­nhcpw F¶ bmYmÀYys¯bmWv ChnsS kn\na bpàn]qÀhw ad¨p]nSn¡p ¶Xv. PesshZypX]²Xn thtWm F C Un _Ä_v kuP\yambn \ÂItWm F¶v Nn´n¡pt¼mÄ ISw hm§nbmepw kuP\yw \ Inbm aXn F¶v ]dbpIbpw, A §s\ P\n¡pt¼mtg ISs¡Wn bn s]«v BßlXy¡v Ccbmhp Ibpw sN¿p¶ kaImenI kmaq lnI cmjv{Sob {]iv\§sf kn\na \ymboIcn¡p¶nS¯mWv DÂ]mZ \clnXambn jWvUoIcn¡s¸« Hcp P\XbpsS {]Xn\n[nbmWv Zm k³ F¶ hkvXpX s]m´n hcp¶ Xv. AXn\m AbmÄ \nd¯nsâ t]cnembncn¡nà B{Ian¡s¸Sp ¶Xv, adn¨v hyànXzanÃm¯h\m bncn¡p¶Xn\memWv . A§s\ kuP\yambn aZyhpw `£Whpw {]Xo£n¨ncn¡pt¼mÄ AXns\m ¸w Hcp acWs¯bpw kz]v\w Im tW­Xp­v F¶ hkvXpXsb ad ¨p]nSn¡p¶p F¶ cmjv{SobIpäw Cu kn\nabv¡pta Btcm]nt¡ ­n hcp¶p. d. ImSns\ Hfnªp t\m¡pt¼mÄ: bmYmÀYy§sf t]Snt¡­Xp­v F¶Xv kn\nabpsS KpW]mTamWv. P\m[n]Xy¯n \n¶v Im«nse


C¡nfn{]Xntcm[w \oXn tXSnbnd§pt¼mÄ ImSnsâ bmYmÀYys¯ t\cntS­nhcpw. t{]£I³ F§s\bmWv ImSns\ t\m¡n¡mtW­Xv F¶ ap³hn[n IymadbpsS Ne\§fnep­v. ImSv `bs¸Sp¯ps¶mc\p`hambncn¡p ¶Xn\m P\m[n]Xys¯ \ntj [n¡p¶ (NÀ¨IfneqsS CXv km [yamIp¶p þ hn\b³, AtimI³, [Àa³ F¶nhcpsS P\m[n]Xy NÀ ¨IÄ DZmlcWw) P\X ImSns\ HfnªmWv t\mt¡­Xv. CXv cXn hyXnbm\amWv . kv { Xobpambn ssewKnIXbn FÀs¸Sp¶Xn\p ]Icw AhfpsS \áNn{Xw I­v BkzZn¡p¶Xpt]mse hnIeoI cn¡s¸« Hcp kmaqlnIt_m[w kn\nabpsS ImgvN km[n¡p¶p. P\m[n]Xyw F¶ bmYmÀYy s¯ t\cnSm\pÅ `oXnbmWv Chn Ss¯ {]iv\w. P\m[n]Xy¯nÂ

A[nImcnIÄ c£I_nw_§fÃ, kuP\y§Ä am{Xw DÂ]mZn¸n¡p ¶ ssZh§fpaÃ. AYhm A§s\ bmIp¶ kmlNcyt¯mSv {]XnIcn ¡m\pw {]Xntj[n¡m\papÅ CS ¯nsâ t]cmWv P\m[n]Xyw. P\ §fpsS k{Inbamb cmjv{Sob CS s]SepIÄsImt­ CXv km[yam Iq. thm«v sNbvXv XncsªSpt¡ ­Xv kuP\y§Ä hmcnt¡mcn Xcp¶ c£Iscbà F¶v kmcw. C§s\ P\m[n]Xyt¯mSpÅ `oXnsb adnIS¡m³ t{]£IÀ¡v HfnIymadIfneqsS ImSns\t\m¡n bncn¡m³ kn\na kuIcysamcp ¡p¶p. kn\nabpsS hnPbX{´hpw CXv Xs¶bmWv. AhnsS arKkam \amb cXnbpw aZyhpw Im«v hn`h §fpw FÃmZnhk§fnte¡pw Cu izc³ krjvSn¨ncn¡p¶p F¶ hym taml¯nte¡v t{]£Isc AhÀ

t]mepadnbmsX Iymad sIm­v t]mIp¶p. AÇoe hoUntbmIfn P\{]nbambn«pÅ bYmÀY hoUn tbmIfpsS ( real, home made, webcam, wild) kt¦Xs¯ Bbm kclnXambn kn\na D]tbmKs¸ Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p. Hfnªpt\m¡nbncp¶XpsIm ­vam{Xw sImÃs¸SmsX t]mb t{]£IcpsS PohÂ`bamWv Cu kn\nbpsS hn]Wnaqeys¯ C{X I­v hÀ[n¸n¨Xv F¶Xv ckIc amb hkvXpXbmWv. Ipdn¸pIÄ 1. ]©X{´IYIÄ, hnjvWpiÀa, Unkn _pIvkv,2013 2. Fw F³ hnPbsâ temI§Ä, jq_ sI Fkv (kamlcWw), Fw F³ hnPb³ kmwkvImcnIthZn, 2010

IhnX

ac-W-an-Ãm-¯-h³

Im«m-¼Ån \njvI-f³

CÃ; `hm\p ac-W-sa-¶p-¨-¯n sNmÃn-hn-fw-_cw s]bvX Ihn-bpsS \tÃmÀa Nn¶p-an¶pw hb-em-dnse DtÃ-J\w sNbvX hn¹h Imhy-§Ä! \nXy-h-k-´À¯p Kmb-I-\m-b§p arXyp-]q-­n,-­se³ Nn¯-¯n-eq-dsh A¡mhy \mbnI Bbn-j-bvs¡m-¸-ambv ZpxJw ]Ip-¡p-hm³ tNcp-I-bmWp Rm³..., ]p¶{] `qan-bn cà-km-£n-Isf I¬ap-¶n I­p IYn¨ ImthymÀP-¯n \n¶-tÃm-sN-t©mcn ]qgn kv^pSw sNbvXp s]m¶-cn-hm-fp-IÄ......... cà \£-{X-§Ä.........! Cu cay-Xo-c-¯n-emi Xocpw-hsc Pohn-¨-h-cp-t­m-þ-tNm-Zn¨ `mh\ `mj-bn Imhy kwkm-c-¯n thdn-«þ `mjnXw ]mSp¶ ]q©m-b-eq-Xn-bpw..., Imem-Xn-hÀ¯nbmw {Im´-ZÀin-Xzhpw..., `qX-Im-e-¯nsâ kwkvIr-Xn-sb-¸q-­pþ `mhnsb Imse ImWn¨ Ih-\-§Ä, am\h hyql-¯n\msI {]bm-W-ambv amäp-c-¨-{X-ta-em-Ka _nw_hpw..., "kÀK-kw-Ko-X-'¯n-\m ka-cm-bp[w hÀKo-I-cn-¨Xpw hmf-Ã-þ-ho-Wsb XÀ¡-§-f-t¶-sd-bm-sb-¦nepw kvarXnþ XÀ¡n-¨n-Sm-b-§n arXyp-hn-sÃ-¶-XnÂ...!

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

11


Btábmkv{Xw sN½-\w-Nmt¡m

Htc Hcp hiw am{Xw G

sX¦nepw Hcp Imcyw DÅn ]XnªmÂ, AXpam{XtabpÅq, A Xpam{XamWp icn F¶p iTn¨p hn izkn¡p¶ BfpIfp­v. aXhnizm k§fmImw, cmjv{Sob¸mÀ«n kn²m ´§fmImw C§s\ BfpIsf k ¦pNnXXz¯nsâ Iq¨phne§n Xfbv¡p¶Xv. F{Xbpàn`{Zambn AXns\Xntc hniZoIcn¨mepw A XpÄs¡mÅm³ a\ÊpXcnÃ. A§ s\sN¿p¶Xp ]m]amsW¶phsc Nn´n¡p¶hcp­v. P\hnImc¯nsâ kzѵhfÀ ¨bv¡pw hnIk\¯n\pw Cu kzm X{´yw, Nn´n¡p¶ a\pjy\v D­m bncn¡Ww. B kzmX{´yw FSp¡m ¯h³ GsX¦nepw Hcp kn²m´ ¯nsâ ASnabmbn PohnXmhkm \w hsc Ign¨pIqSp¶p. Cu Bibw DÄs¡mÅp¶ Hcp ^enX_nµp Hcn¡Â hmbn¡m\nS bmbn. AXv Fsâ a\Ên DS¡n. AXn\p Imhycq]w \ÂIm³ \nÝ bn¨p. 11.06.1998þ  IhnX cq]wsIm ­p. t]cv "Hcp hiw am{Xw.' Hcp Ip«nsb Zn¡pIÄ ]Tn¸n ¡p¶ CXnhr¯amWv IhnXbv¡p th­n Hcp¡nbXv. AXnkaÀY\m Wv A[ym]I³. At±lw \mepZn ¡n BZyambn "Ing¡v' F¶p ]d ªpsImSp¯p. Ip«nbpsS a\Ên AXp Ibdn. "Ing¡v' F¶p `wKnbm bn D¨cn¨p. ]n¶oSv hS¡v, sX¡v, ]Snªmdv Cu Zn¡pIÄ aq¶pw {] tXyIw {]tXyIw ]dªpsImSp s¯¦nepw Ip«n Ings¡¶pam{Xta ]dbq. A[ym]I³ hnjan¨p. XpSÀ¶v A[ym]I³ sXt¡m«v Ahs\ ]nSn¨p\ndp¯nbn«v "sX¡v' F¶psNmÃphm³ ]dªp. Ah\m Is« "Ing¡v'F¶p]dbpIbmbn. ]n¶oSv Ip«nsb hSt¡m«p Xncn¨p \ndp¯n. "hS¡v' F¶p ]dªp sImSp¯p. Ah\mIs« At¸mgpw "Ing¡v'F¶p Xs¶ ]dªp. A [ym]I³ X\n¡dnbmhp¶ bpàn sbÃmw {]tbmKn¨pt\m¡nbn«pw ^eanÃ. "Ing¡v' F¶ÃmsX A h³ ]dbnÃ. F´p IjvSam?

12

Infn¸ - m«v

HSp¡w ]Snªmtdm«v Ahs\ ]nSn¨p \ndp¯n "]Snªmdv' F¶p ]dbphm³ Bhiys¸«p. injy\n  \n¶pw hfsc kzm`mhnIamb co Xnbn tNmZyapbÀ¶p:þ "]Snªm dv C{Xbpw Ing¡mtWm kmtd?' KXnsI« Kpcp\mY³ c­p ssI bpw Ahsâ Xebn h¨v C{] Imcw A\p{Kln¡pIbmbn:-þ- ""Hcp hiaÃmsX, AXnsâ adphiw Im Wphm³ HcpXc¯nepw A\phZn ¡msX, tIhew ASnabmbn \ns¶ Xf¨nSp¶ kwLS\bpsS A\pbm

bn \o hfÀ¶mepw.'' ]e kwLS\Ifpw aX§fpw A\pbmbnIsf X§fpsS k¦pNn XhyhkvXIfn \n¶pw AWphnS hyXnNen¡phm³ A\phZn¡msX, ASnaIfmbn ssIImcyw sNbvXp hcp¶ ZpxJ kXy¯ntebv¡mWv IhnX shfn¨w hoip¶Xv. hnZym`ym kw sIm­p {]_p²amb tIcf¯n epw Cu ØnXnhntijw \ne\n ¡p¶p F¶XmWp ]cnXm]Icw. (IhnXbv¡p ]n¶nÂ: Hcp hiw am{Xw. 11.6.1998)


DÄ¡mgvN Pn F³ ]Wn¡À

IivaoÀho­pw, am-[-yakzmX{´yw, ]n tIi-h-tZhvþ Nne HmÀa-Ifpw

am[ya\nb{´Ww sslt¡mSXn GÀs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p. CXv XnI¨pw {]Xntj[mÀlamWv. am[-y-a-k-zm-X-{´-y-¯n\v N§-e-bn-Sm³ {ian-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv \Ã-Xv. Nn{X§Ä  

sal-_q-_m -ap-^v¯nI-ivaocn \S-¡p-¶ A{I-a-§Ä

I

ivaoÀ {]iv\w ho­pw

P½p-þ-IivaoÀ kwØm-\s¯ tZiob apJ-y-[m-c-bpsS `mK-am-¡m³ tamZn kÀ ¡mÀ \S-¯n-h-cp¶ {ia-§Ä {]iw-kmÀl-am-Wv. {ioaXn sal-_q-_m -ap-^v¯nbpsS ]mÀ«n-bp-ambn _n sP ]n \ne-\n-dp-¯p¶ kJ-yhpw B ]mÀ«n-I-fpsS Iq«p-`-c-Whpw {][m-\-a{´n tamZnbpw P½p-þ-I-ivaoÀ apJ-y-a{´n sal-_q-_bpw X½n hy-àn-]-c-am-bp-ff kulrZ kl-I-c-W-§fpw Cu hgn-¡p-ff icn-bmb \o¡-§-fm-Wv. XncsªSp¸v ^ew h¶t¸mÄ sal_q_sb "Nm¡n Ib äm³' tIm¬{KÊv \S¯nb {iahpw \½psS HmÀabnep­v. FÃm cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-Ifpw H¶n¨p \ot§­ Cu A]-ISw]nSn¨ L«-¯nepw tIm¬{KÊpw \mj-\ tIm¬{^³kpw ]n Un ]n þ _n sP ]n kJ-y-hp-ambn th­{X klI-cn-¡m³ X¿m-dm-hp-¶n-Ã. Ahn-sSbpw k¦p-Nn-X-amb cmjv{Sob Ifn-IÄXs¶! P½p-þ-I-ivaocn \nc-h[n Znh-k-§-fmbn \S-¶p-h-cp-¶ A{I-a-§Äþ s]m eokn\pw ]«m-f-¯n\pw FXn-cmb ssItbäw anen-«dn hml-\-§-fpsS Xohbv ]pw aäpw aäpw þ B kwØm-\-¯nsâ sam¯-¯n-ep-ff hfÀ¨sb A]-I-S-¯n-

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

13


DÄ¡mgvN em-¡p-¶p. sXm«-Sp¯ ]mInkvXm-\n  \n¶v X{´-]qÀhw P½pþIivaoÀ kwØm\t¯bv¡p IS-¯n-hn-Sp¶ `oI-c-cpsS ]¦pw hep-Xm-Wv. P½p-þ-I-ivaoÀ kwØm\w C³ U-y-bpsS Hcp kwØm-\-am-Wv. ] t£, Cu kwØm\w ]mInkvXm tâXm-sW-¶p-hsc ]d-bp¶p ]mInkvXm\n A[n-Im-cn-IÄ! ]mIn-kvXm ³ A\-[n-Ir-X-ambn ssIb-S¡n h ¨n-cn-¡p¶ ]m¡-[o\IivaoÀ C³ U-y-bnse P½p-þ-I-ivaoÀ kwØm-\¯nsâ `mK-am-sW¶ C³U-y³ \ne]mSv \mw ho­pw ho­pw hyà-am¡p-¶p. C³U-y³ kwØm-\-amb P½p-þ-I-ivaoÀ ]mIn-kvXmtâ Xm-sW¶ hmZw \½psS HmÀ a-bn-se-¯n¡pI Acp-WmN {]tZiv F¶ C³ U-y³ kwØm\w X§fp-tS-Xm-sW¶ ssN\o kv kÀ¡m-cnsâ \ne]m-Sm-Wv. ]m¡-[o\I ivao-cnepw C³U-y-bp sS AXnÀ¯n- b nepw ssN\o-kv-þ-]m-In-kvXm ³ kÀ¡m-cp-IÄþ]-«m-f§ÄþH¶n¨v \S-¯n-h-cp ¶ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä C³ U- y - b psS AJ- W v U - X bv ¡pw kpc-£bv¡pw `ojWnbm-bp-­v. Iivaocn Ct¸mÄ \S¡p¶ A {Ia§sf D]tbmKn¨v P½pþIivao À {]iv\w temIcmjv{Sob thZnbn D¶bn¡m\mWv ]mInkvXm³ {ian ¡p¶Xv. P½pþIivaoÀ XÀ¡w C³ Uybpw ]mInkvXm\pw X½n kw kmcn¨p XoÀt¡­ H¶msW¶ C³Uy³ \ne]mSv \mw ho­pw ho ­pw hyàam¡nbn«pw Atacn¡ bpÄs¸sSbpÅ ]e cmjv{S§fpw C³UybpsS \ne]mSns\ ]n´m§n bn«pw ]mInkvXm³ AXnsâ ]gb X{´w D]tbmKn¨p t\m¡pIbmWv. C³Uybnse Hcp kwØm\amb P½pþIivaocn \S¡p¶ A{Iaw B kwØm\¯nsâ {]iv\amWv, C³UybpsS B`y´c{]iv\amWv. C¡mcyw \½psS hntZiImcya{´n {ioaXn kpjamkzcmPv AÀYi¦bv ¡nSbnÃm¯hn[w hyàam¡pI bpw sNbvXp. ]mInkvXmsâ Ct¸mg s¯ "sh{]mfw' ImWpt¼mÄ \mw HmÀ¡pI CXmWv: Dd§p¶hs\ DWÀ¯mw; ]t£, Dd¡w \Sn¨p InS¡p¶hs\ DWÀ¯m\mhnÃ. IivaoÀ {]iv\-¯n \½psS hn hn[ cmjv{Sob]mÀ«n-IÄ Hc-`n-{]mb ka-\-z-b-¯n-se¯n F¶p tXm¶pw Nne-t¸mÄ. ]t£, ASp¯ Znhkw 14

Infn¸ - m«v

]mÀ«n cmjv{Sobw Ifn-¡m-s\m-cp§pw tIm¬ {KÊpw \mj-W tIm¬{^³kpw. Npcp-¡¯nÂ, I£n cmjv{So-b-¯n-¶-Xo-X-ambn P½pþ-I-ivaoÀ kwØm-\s¯ P\-§-fpsS Pohn-X]p-tcm-K-Xnbpw C³U-y-bpsS tZio-tbm-Zv{K-Y-\ hpw ap¶n I­v \½psS ]mÀ«n-IÄ P½pþ IivaoÀ Imcy¯nse¦nepw Hcp-a-tbmsS \n¶ncp-s¶-¦n F¶min-¨p-t]m-Ip-I-bm-Wv. am[-y-a kzmX{´yw! tIcf sslt¡m-SXnbnse kÀ¡mÀ A`n-`m-j-I\mb [t\jv amXyp amªq-cm³ s]mXp-\n-c-¯n h¨vXs¶ kÔybv¡p IS-¶p-]n-Sn-¨p-sh¶ Hcp bph-ktlm-Z-cn-bpsS ]cmXn kw_-Ôn¨ hmÀ¯-IÄ {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨Xnepw kwt{]-jWw sNbvXXnepw £p`n-X-cmb h¡o kplr-¯p-¡Ä FdWm-Ip-fs¯ sslt¡m-S-Xn- hf-¸nepw Xncp-h-\-´-]p-cs¯ tImSXn hf-¸nepw \S-¯n-b A{I-a-§Ä þ am[-ya {]hÀ¯Isc aÀZn-¡pI, Iym-a-d-IÄ ASn-¨p-XIÀ¡pI XpS-§nb {]hr-¯n-IÄ Xs¶ þ \s½ BsI Ak-z-Ø-cm-¡nb Imc-ya-s{X. [t\jv amXyp amªq-cmsâ t\À¡p-­mb Btcm-]Ww icn-bmtWm sXämtWm F¶v ]d-bm³ \ap-¡m-hn-Ã. At\-z-jWw \S¯n I­p-]n-Sn-t¡­ Imcyw Xs¶ AXv. bphXnsb [t\jvamXyp IS¶p]nSn¨p F¶Xn\v IqSpX IqSpX sXfnhpIÄ ]pd¯phcp¶p! At±lw bYmÀY-¯n Ipä-¡m-c-\msW-¦n atäsXmcp ]uc-s\-bpw-t]mse At±-lhpw in£mÀl-\m-Wv. ]t£, Chn-Ss¯ {]iv\w asäm-¶m-Wv. taÂ]-dª hmÀ¯ {]kn-²o-I-cn¡p-Itbm kwt{]-jWw sN¿p-Itbm sNbvX-Xnsâ t]cn am[y-a-{]-hÀ¯Isc h¡o-e-·mÀ kwLw tNÀ¶p tImSXn hf-¸nÂh¨v {Iqc-ambn aÀZn¨Xv P\m-[n-]-X-y-\n-tj-[-am-Wv, Id-I-fª "duUn-k'-am-Wv. hnhm-Z-]-c-amb dnt¸mÀ«v If-f-am-sW-¦n B dnt¸mÀs«-gp-Xnb am[y-a-{]-hÀ¯-I-s\-Xnsc \ym-b-amb \nb-a-\-S-]-Sn-IÄ kzo-I-cn-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. AÃmsX, CÆn[w ssItbäw \S-¯p¶Xv Hcp-hn-[-¯nepw \ym-bo-I-cn-¡m-\m-hn-Ã. A{Iaw ImWn-¨-hÀs¡-Xnsc \nb-a-\S-]-Sn-IÄ A[n-Im-cn-IÄ FSp-¡pI Xs¶ thWw. sePn-tÉ-¨À, FIvkn-I-yq-«ohv, PpUoj-ydn, kz-X-{´-am-[-y-a-{]-hÀ¯\w þ Ch- \mepw _lp-I£n P\m-[n-]-X-y-¯nsâ s\Spw-Xq-Wp-I-fm-Wv. h¡o-e-·mÀ \½psS cmjv{Sob-¯nsâ hfÀ¨-bn \nÀWm-b-I-]¦v F¶pw hln-¨-h-cm-Wv. B{^n-¡-bn \n¶p aS-§n-sb-¯nb h¡oÂIqSn-bmb KmÔnPn 1920  C³ U-y³ kzm-X-{´-y-k-a-cs¯ Hcp _lp-P-\-ap-t¶-ä-am¡n amän-b-Xn-\p-ap¼v C³ U-y¡p kzm-X-{´yw In«-W-sa¶v Bh-i-y-s¸-«-hÀ apJ-y-ambpw C³U-y-bnse h ¡o {]ap-J-cm-Wv. B ]mc-¼-cyw ad-¡msX \½psS h¡o kplr-¯p-¡Ä þ tImS-Xn-Ifpw þ am[-y-a-k-zm-X-{´-y-¯n\v N§-e-bn-Sm³ {ian-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv \Ã-Xv. tImSXn Xocp-am-\-§Ä P\-§Ä¡v AXn-thKw F¯n¨psImSp-¡m-\p-


DÄ¡mgvN ff {]hÀ¯\kzm-X-{´yw am[-y-a-{]hÀ¯-IÀ¡v _lp-am-\-s¸« tImSXn-IÄ þ PUvPn-amÀ þ Dd-¸m-¡p-sa ¶pXs¶ \ap¡v {]Xo-£n-¡mw. (C Xn\nsS am[ya\nb{´Ww ssl t¡mSXn GÀs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p. CXv XnI¨pw {]Xntj[mÀlamWv. _lpam\s¸« tImSXn {]kvXpX hne¡v ]n³hen¡pIbmhpw \à Xv.) ]n tIihtZhv þ Nne HmÀaIÄ 2016 Pqsse 25 Cu teJIsâ PohnX¯nse Ht«sd [\yamb Zn\w. hyànsb¶ \nebnepw Fgp¯pImc³ F¶ \n ebnepw Fs¶ Ht«sd kzm[o\n¨ ]n tIihtZhns\¡pdn¨pÅ \nch [n BÀ{ZkvacWIÄ a\Êv \nd ªp Ihnª Zn\w. 12þmaXv ]n tIihtZhv kmln Xy]pckvImcw apJya{´n ]nWdm bn hnPb\n \n¶v kzoIcn¡m³ F\n¡p e`n¨ Ahkcw. Adp]Xntesd ]pkvXI§Ä aebmf¯nepw Cw¥ojnepambn Cu teJI³ CXn\Iw {]kn²oI cn¨n«p­v þ 1960 apX 2016 hscbp Å A¼¯mdphÀj¯n\nSbv¡v. ChbnÂ, F\n¡v Gsd CjvSs¸« hnImc]cambn Gsd {][m\s¸«, ]pkvXIamWv ]n tIihtZhnsâ ka{K]T\amb "tZhv... tIihtZ hv...' 1993þ Fkv ]n Fkv (kmln Xy{]hÀ¯I klIcWkwLw, tIm«bw) ]pkvXIambn h¶ H¶mw ]Xn¸pw 2010 þ  {]`mXv _pIvkv {] kn²oIcWambn h¶ c­mw]Xn ¸pw Cu hcnIÄ FgpXpt¼mÄ Fsâ ap¶nep­v.

]n tIihtZhv kmlnXy]pckvImcw apJya{´n ]nWdmbn hnPb\n \n¶v kzoIcn¡p¶p (Nn{Xw IS¸mSv Z lnµp)

]mdÈme Chm³kv sslkvIqfn t^mÀ¯pt^man ]Tn¡pt¼mgmWv (1949) ]{´­phbÊpImc\mb Cu teJI³ tIihtZhns\¸än BZyambn tIÄ¡p¶Xv. aebmfw A[ym]I\mb thembp[³]nÅ kmÀ "HmSbn \n¶v' F¶ t\mhensâ IY R§sf c­paq¶v ]ocnbUpIfnembn ]dªp tIĸn¨ Znhk§Ä. ]¸p F¶ IYm]m{X¯nsâ kvt\lmÀ{Zamb Hu¶ Xy¯n a\Êv hnImcm[o\amhpIbpw I®pIÄ \ndbpIbpw sNbvX \nanj §Ä. Xm³ BÀs¡ms¡ th­n IjvSs¸t«m Ahcn \ns¶Ãmw \µntISv A\p`hs¸Sp¶ \nanjw, Ahsc i]n¡msX AhtcmSv tZjys¸SmsX, hoSv hn«nd§n \S¶I¶pt]mIp¶ ]¸phnsâ AI¶I¶pt]mIp¶ NpabpsS i_vZw thembp[³]nÅkmÀ hÀWn¨Xv Ct¸mgpw, Adp]t¯gv hÀj§Ä ¡ptijhpw, Fsâ ImXpIfn apg§p¶p. 1958 Bbt¸mÄ tZhpambn t\cn«p ]cnNbs¸Sm\pÅ `mKyw F\n¡p In«n. ]n¶oSpÅ 25 hÀjhpw (1958þ1983) At±lhpw koXme£vantZhpw Bbn Km Vamb _Ôw ]peÀ¯m³ Ignªp Cu teJI\v. sI ]n Ipamc³, _joÀ (t^mt«m{Km^À) sI sI hmkp F¶nhÀ tZhns\¡pdns¨Sp¯ {lkz Ne¨n {X§Äs¡Ãmw Xnc¡Y FgpXnbXpw Cu teJI³Xs¶. ("tZhv... tIih tZhv...' F¶ {KÙ¯n hnhcn¨n«pÅ C¡mcy§Ä ChnsS Npcp¡n¸dbpI t]mepw Akm[yw.) AtXkabw ]n tIihtZhnsâ IpSpw_w kamcw`n¨ Hcp kwcw`¯n ]¦mfnbmhm³ Ignbm¯XnepÅ ZpxJw Fsâ a\Êns\Ignª ]¯p]Xn\ ©phÀjambn Aet¦mes¸Sp¯nbpw h¶p. CtX¸än "tZhv... tIihtZhn...' sâ c­mw]Xn¸ns¶gpXnb ]n¶pcbn Rm³ C§s\FgpXn: ("]n tIi htZhv {SÌn'sâ cq]hÂIcWamWv ]Ým¯ew) ""t^mWn koX ]dªp: "]Wn¡tc... tZhnsâ t]cn HchmÀUv sImSp¡Ww...' s]s«¶p IÃv ISn¨ns«¶t]mse F\n¡p a\kvXm]ambn. Rm³ CS bv¡p Ibdn tNmZn¨p: "kotX... Cu AhmÀUv ]cn]mSn thtWm.' "Mpw... F´m Ipg¸w?' "Ct¸mįs¶ \qdpIW¡n\p AhmÀUpIfp­v. Ahbn sXm®qä©v iXam\¯nsâbpw hnizmkyX \jvSs¸«ncn¡p¶p. XpS§nhbv¡mw. ]ns¶ AXv \S¯ns¡m­pt]mIm\mWv {]bmkw. AhmÀUn\mbn BfpIÄ koX bv¡v Ccn¡s¸mdpXn XcnÃ. H¶pIqSn BtemNn¡Ww. tPymXntbmSpw Fsâ Cu FXnc`n{]mbw ]dbWw.'' ]t£, tIihtZhv ]pckvImc§Ä B­ptXmdpw tIihtZhv {SÌv \ In¯pS§n. BZys¯ (2005) AhmÀUv tUm C{µ_m_phn\mWv sImSp¯Xv; ASp¯ \mephÀjs¯ AhmÀUpIÄ ]n taml\³, tPm¬kmaphÂ, tPmkv

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

15


DÄ¡mgvN ]\¨n¸pdw, tUm tPmÀPv HmW¡qÀ F¶nhÀ¡pw. Ct¸mÄ ]{´­ma s¯ AhmÀUmWv F\n¡v {SÌv X¶Xv. AhmÀUv \ÂInbt¸mÄ apJy a{´n ]nWdmbn ]dª Hcp Imcyw Fs¶ hÃmsX kv]Àin¡pIbp ­mbn. Rm³ "Kpcp' F¶p hnfn¨n cp¶ ]n tIihtZhnsâ Nne KpW §Ä sNdnbtXmXnse¦nepw F\n ¡ps­¶ kqN\bmWv apJya{´n \ÂInbXv. A`n{]mb§Ä apJw t\m¡msX sh«n¯pd¶p ]dbp¶ h\pw h³hyànIsft¸mepw \nÀ` bw hnaÀin¡p¶h\pw BWv Rm s\¶pw CsXÃmw \nan¯w Rm³ AÀln¡p¶ ]eXpw F\n¡v In«m sX t]mbn«ps­¶pw apJya{´n ]dªptI«t¸mÄ Fsâ I®pIÄ \ndªp. Pq¬ 22 \mWv koXme£vantZ hv Fs¶ t^mWn hnfn¨v Cu hÀ js¯ tIihtZhv AhmÀUv F\n ¡pXcm³ Xocpam\n¨n«ps­¶pw AXv ]{Xkt½f\¯n {]Jym]n ¡p¶Xphsc Bcpw Adntbs­ ¶pw Ft¶mSv ]dªXv. tIihtZ hv{SÌv Ct¸msg¦nepw Fs¶ HmÀan ¨Xn \µnbps­¶pw kt´mj t¯msS AXv kzoIcn¡psa¶pw am{Xw Rm³ ]dªp. koXme£v antZhv Ft¶mSv C¡mcyw ]dªXn

sâ ASp¯ Znhk§fnsem¶n F\n¡v ae¸pdw PnÃbnse at© cnbn \ns¶¯nb AUz Sn Fw tKm]meIrjvWsâ t]mÌv ImÀUv Fs¶ BsI AÂ`pXs¸Sp¯n, BËmZm[o\\m¡n. ImÀUn \n ¶v c­paq¶p hcnIÄ am{Xw D² cn¨v Cu Ipdn¸v Ahkm\n¸n¡mw. ""1985 apX at©cn_mdnse A`n`mjI\mWv Rm³... Xm¦fpsS "tZhv... tIihtZhv' hmbn¨p. t\mh  t]mse hmbn¨pt]mImw. "Adnb s¸Sm¯' tZhns\¡pdn¨v Hcp]mSv Adnbm³ Ignªp. Fgp¯pw Pohn Xhpw {]Wbhpw hnclhpw Hs¡. _nw_`Rv P I\pw amÀIv k nÌv ssk²m´nI\psams¡bmb tZhv. A[nIamÀ¡pw Adnbm¯ tZhnsâ hyànXz¯nsâ ]e tImWpIfn tebv¡pw Cu IrXn hmb\¡mÀ¡p hmXn¸mfn Xpd¶psImSp¡p¶p...'' hm¡jWw Cu hÀjs¯ Ubm_vkv{Io³ tI ihtZhv ]pckvImcw e`n¨Xv {]kn ² \yqtdmfPnÌpw \mÂ]XphÀj ¯ntesd¡meambn s]mXpP\m tcmKyt_m[ hÂIcW{]hÀ¯\ §Ä \S¯nhcp¶ Bfpw \mw Gh cpw kvt\lmZc§tfmsS HmÀ¡p¶, Xp©³kvamcI¯nsâ Däkplr ¯pw c£m[nImcnbpambncp¶, iq

Xncp¯v Ignªamks¯ "DÄ¡mgvN' teJ\¯n s{]m^ F³ IrjvW]nÅbpsS k]vXXn BtLmjt¯mS\p_Ôn¨v \S¶ ]ncnhn\v Cd§nbhcp sS t]cpIÄ sImSp¯Xn tUm F Fw hmkptZh³]nÅ bpsS t]cv tUm Fw Fw hmkp tZh³ ]nÅ F¶v sXämbn tNÀ¯Xn tJZn¡p¶p. Pn F³ ]Wn¡À c\mSv Ipª³]nÅkmdnsâ aI\p amb tUm cmPtiJc³ \mbÀ¡m Wv. At±lt¯msSm¸w kmlnXy AhmÀUv kzoIcn¡m³ IgnªXn epw F\n¡v kt´mjw. AhmÀUv tPXm¡fmb At±ls¯bpw F s¶bpw Hgnhm¡ns¡m­v, apJya {´n ]nWdmbnsb tIihtZhv ]pc kv I mcI½än sNbÀam³ tUm tPmÀPvHmW¡qdpw tZhv IpSpw_mw K§fpw tNÀ¶p kzoIcn¡p¶ Nn {Xw am{Xw {]kn²oIcn¨ aebmf at\mcabpsS (Pqsse 26) AhmÀUv dnt¸mÀ«n§pw Gsd {it²bambn! icn¡pw sIt¦aw!! (2016 Pqsse 28)

IhnX hn BÀ lÀj³

Pzen¡q tXPtÊ \o kqcym \obpZn¡p¶p N{Ihmf¯n \nXyw PohPme§Äs¡Ãmw Pohsâ XpSnt¸Im³ \n³apJac£Ww hmSnbmepS³ Xs¶ hmSnSpw {]]©¯n³ apJhpaXpt]mse sImÅbpw sImeIfpw \SamSoSpw \m«n F´n\mbv Zn\Ic \o ho­papZn¡p¶p hmbv Xpd¡m³ t]mepw R§Ä¡n¶mhnÃsÃm \oXn¡mbv s]mcpXpt¶mÀ {Iqin¡s¸Sp¶nXm c£I³amcmbv \m«n hmgpt¶mscÃman¶v \nÀZbamcm¨mÀamcmIp¶XsÃm IjvSw! k¼¶c\pthew km{amPysNt¦m Im«n k´Xw l\n¡p¶p am\hkwkvImcs¯ Pzen¡q Zn\Icm, \n³ ZnhytXPÊn\m `kvaamboSs«bot£mWnbn¶c£¯mÂ

16

Infn¸ - m«v


imkv{X-IYmIu-XpIw tUm kn Pn cma-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

tPmÀPv Kmtam

0471-2323545

K

l-\-amb imkv{X-K-th-j-W¯nepw, AtXm-sSm¸w Xs¶ efn-X-amb imkv{XIYmcN-\-bnepw Hcp-t]mse {]mKÂ`yw sXfn-bn¨ "khy-km-Nn'amÀ hni-z-im-kv{X-þ-kmln-Xy aWvU-e-§-fn hf-sc-¡pd¨pt]À am{Xta Df-fqþtPmÀPv Km tam (George Gamow, 1904-1968), s{^Uv tlmbn (Fred Hoyle, 19152001) PK-Zojv N{µ-t_mkv (18581937), Pb-´v\Àeo-¡À (1938-), XpS §n BsI \ap¡v hnc-en-se-®m-hp¶-hÀ CXn\v DZm-l-c-W-§-fmbn ]dbmw. Ch-cn BZyw \ap¡v tPmÀPv Kmtamsb ]cn-N-b-s¸-Smw. imkv{X IYm-Ir-¯mb Kmtamsb ]cn-N-bs¸-Sp-¶Xv HSp-hn-em-Is«, AXn-\pap¼v At±-l-¯nsâ {]ikvX IYm]m-{X-amb anÌÀ kn Pn F¨v tSmw]v In³kns-\ (C G H Tompkins) ¸än ]db-s«. Hcp _m¦v DtZym-K-Ø-\mWv tSmw]vIn³kv þ sNdp-¸-¡m-c³, tPm en-bn tIdn-bn«p Ipd¨p \mtf B bp-f-fq. Hcp kpµcn s]¬Ip-«n-bp-am bn AbmÄ t{]a-_-²-\m-Ip-¶p. A

profcgram@gmail.com

hsf \ap¡v tacn F¶p hnfn-¡mw. AhÄ¡pw "tSman's\ (tSmw]vIn³kns\ AhÄ C§-s\-bmWv hnfn-¡p-¶-Xv-) CjvSw Xs¶. ]t£, tacn-bpsS Aѳ Hcp-^n-knIvkv s{]m^-k-dmWv; At±-ls¯ ]cn-N-b-s¸«v A\p-hmZw hm§-W-sa-¶mbn tacn. tSmw ]ns¶ AXn-\mbn {iaw XpS-§n. ho«n t\tc t]mbn ]d-bm³ AbmÄ¡p aSn. AXn-\m s{]m^-kÀ ]Tn-¸n¡p¶ tImsf-Pn-se-¯n. NneÀ D]-tZ-in¨p: At±-ls¯ Im Wm³ Gä-hpw \à hgn, Np½m At±-l-¯nsâ ¢mÊnÂt]mbn Ccn-¡p-I. GtXm ]pXnb hnZymÀYn F¶v At±lw hnNm-cn¨psIm f-fp-as{X! icn, A§-s\-bm-Is«! tSmw]vIn³kv kq{X-¯n s{]m^-k-dpsS ¢mÊn Ib-dn-¸-än. AWp-¡Ä X½n {]Xn-{]-hÀ¯n¨p kwbp-à§Ä D­m-Ip¶ {]{In-b-Isf¸än-bm-bn-cp¶p C{]m-h-iyw s{]m^-k-dpsS AWp-`u-XnIþck-X-{´-{]-`m-jWw. Hcp tkm-Unbw Bä-¯n 11 Ce-Ivt{Sm-Wp-IÄ D­v. K, L, M Cu sjÃp-Ifn b-Ym-{Iaw 2, 8, 1 C§-s\-bmWv Ce-I - vt{Sm-Wp-I-fpsS kwhn-[m-\w. Hcp t¢mdn³ B-ä¯ntem? K, L, M F¶ sjÃp-I-fn 2, 8, 7 F¶n§s\-bp-amWv AXnse kwhn-[m-\w. tkmUn-b-¯n M se Hä Ce-Ivt{Sm¬ "Akz-Ø' \mWs{X; Hcp Iq«p-In-«n-bm sImf-fmw. t-¢m-dn³ AWp-hnse M sjÃn 7 Ce-Ivt{Sm-Wp-I-fp-­v; At§m-s«m¶p NmSn-t¸m-bmtem; At¸mÄ 8 Ce-Ivt{Sm ¬ BIpw þ 4 tPmSn-IÄ. A§-s\-h-¶m FÃm Ce-Ivt{Sm-Wp-Ifpw bpÜ-§Ä (Pairs) BIpw.... C§s\ t]mbn {]kw-Kw. ]mhw tSmw]vIn³kv CXn-\nsS Dd§n-¡-gn-ªn-cp¶p! Dd-¡-¯nÂ, Xm³ tkmUnbw Bä-¯nse Hä-þ-C-e-Iv t{Sm¬ BsW¶v AbmÄ kz]v\w I­p. Hcp Iq«v X\n¡pw thWw! AXm, ]ufn-A-ѳ (Father Pauli) Atà hcp-¶Xv? AtÑm, F\n-s¡mcp Iq«p-thWw, F¶mbn tSmw. ""ths­tSm, Häbv¡p Ign-bp-¶Xm \ÃXv'' F¶v Aѳ ]dªp-t\m¡n! ]t£, tSmw \nÀ_-Ôn-¨-t¸mÄ Aѳ ]dªp: ""Zm, t\m¡v, B Cfw aª IeÀ¶ ]¨-¸m-hm-S-bp-ap-Sp¯p hcp¶ B kpµ-cn-¡p-«n-bpsS ASpt¯¡v s]mbvt¡m. ]ns¶sbÃmw \nsâ hn[n!'' "tSmwþC-e-Ivt{Sm¬' ]¨¸m-hm-S-¡mcn t¢mdnsâ ASp-t¯-s¡mcp Nm«w. ià-amb BIÀjWw! ]ns¶ tSmw AhfpsS hcp-Xn-bn-em-bn. kz-]v\-¯n \n¶v tSmw DW-cm³ Cjv-S-s¸-«n-Ãs{X! ]t£, DWÀ¶t¸mÄ Xm³ apdn-bn X\n-¨m-sW¶v tSmw I­p! ¢msÊ Ãmw Ignªv s{]m^-kÀ t]mbn-¡-gn-ªn-cp¶p! IjvSw! Xsâ {]W-b-¯nsâ Imcyw ]d-bm³ In«nb \à Ah-kcw ]mgm-bn-t¸m-btÃm! kmc-anÃ, ASp¯ {]kw-K-¯nepw Xm³ hcpw; F§-s\-sb¦nepw s{]m^k-dpsS {i²-t\Spw F¶v B sNdp-¸-¡m-c-\mb _m¦v DtZ-ym-K-س \nÝ-bn¨p. AbmÄ hnP-bn-¡ptam? Im¯n-cp¶p t\m¡mw! hm¡-jWw CSbv¡p hcp¶ I-Ym-]m-{X-amb "]ufn Aѳ', Kmtam-bpsS kplr¯pw {]i kvX imkv{XÚ-\p-am-bn-cp¶ tUm thmÄ^vKmMv ]ufn-bpsS Hcp lmk-ym-\pI-cWw (Caricature) BWv! "]ufn A]-hÀP\XX-z'¯nsâ (Pauli Exclusion Principle) D]Úm-Xmhpw t\ms_ k½m-\-tP-Xm-hp-ambncp¶p ]ufn.

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

17


_p²]£w

a

sI N{µlcn 09428007935

ebmftZ i¯v hf sc \mfp Ifmbn N À¨sN¿s¸Sp¶ hnhmZ§fnsem¶m Wv i_cnaebnse {io[ ÀaimkvXmhmb A¿¸³ {io_p²\mtWm F¶ Kl\amb {]iv\w. Ncn{X ]chpw kmwkvImcnIhpam b hnhn[Xe§fpÅ Cu hnjb¯n\v ]qÀWhpw bpànk½Xhpamb Hcp D ¯cw C¶phsc e`yambn «nÃ. _Ôs¸« Ncn{X]T\§ (imkvXmhpw temtIizc\pw fpsS BZyL«¯nte¡v t\m¡nbm \mw ImWp¶Xv tIkcn _meIrjvW]nÅbp \oeIWvT\pamb sS Ac\qäm­ntesd ]n¶n« _u²Ncn{X kw_Ô t_m[nkXzsâ amb \nco£W§fmWv. lyqb³kmMnsâ bm{XmhnhcWw ASnØm\am¡n ]¯\wXn«¡v Ing¡v Nµ\ac§Ä¡v {]kn t]mXmfIw þ i_cnae) ²amb ae{¼tZi§fnÂs¸« (GeaeþNpcpfnaeþi_cnae) NpcpfnaebmWv AhtemInXkzc t_m[nkXzsâ k¶n[nsb¶v At±lw ]cmaÀin¡p¶p. t]mXmfIs¯ thXmfIsa¶v amänadn¡p Ibpw sN¿p¶p. kao]Ime¯v KthjIcm H«pwXs¶ {i²n¨p ImWm¯ tIkcnbpsS {]kvXmhw hfsc {it²bamWv. ""Geae\ncbpsS sX¡p Ing¡pw ]¯\wXn« Xmeq¡nsâ hS¡p Ing ¡papÅ i_cnaetZi¯p­mbncp¶ Hcp lnµp-þ-_u²t£{Xs¯ bphm³ Nm Mv hnhcn¡p¶p. aeb]ÀhX\ncbpsS Ing¡mbn t]mXmfIae \n¡p¶p. CXnsâ aebnSp ¡pIÄ IS¡pt¼mÄ henb A]IS§Ä D­mImdp­v CXnsâ aebnd¡§fpw kpKaaÃ. CXnsâ km\p¡Ä¡v \nc¸panÃ. Cu aebpsS apIÄ`mK¯v Hcp Ddhp­v. CXnsâ shÅw kv^SnI Xpeyw sXfnªXmIp¶p. CXnse Hcp Ipgnbn \n¶v Hcp henb \Zn ]pds¸Sp¶p. CXv Cu aesb Npän HgpIn Ccp]Xp shŨm«§Ä Ignªp Z£nWkap{Z¯n sN¶pho gp¶p. {]kvXpX Ddhnsâ Icbn Hcp lnµpIÂsh«v (tZhmebw) \n¡p¶p. hcpt¼m gpw t]mIpt¼mgpw AhtemIntXizc³ CXn \nhkn¡mdp­v. Cu t_m[nkXzs\ Im WWsa¶v AXnbmbn B{Kln¡p¶hÀ Pohm]mbs¯ hnKWn¨v, Cu Ddhp IS¶v, sshjay§sf XrWhÂKWn¨v taÂt¸m«v aebpsS D¨nbnte¡v Ibdp¶p. Chcn AÂ]w t]cpam{Xta aebpsS D¨nbn F¯mdpÅq. aebpsS Iogv`mK¯v ]mÀ ¡p¶ a\pjyÀ Cu tZhsâ ZÀi\ap­mIWsa¶v At]£n¨p {]mÀYn¡pIbm sW¦n Ct±lw Nnet¸mÄ CuizctZhsâbpw Nnet¸mÄ Hcp ]mip]XtbmKn bpsSbpw thj§fn {]Xy£s¸Smdp­v.'' ]ckv]csshcp[yw tIkcnbpsS teJ\§fn A§n§v ImWp¶psh¦nepw "i_ cnae AYhm Sn_äpw tIcfhpw X½nepÅ _Ôw' F¶ 1940 amÀ¨v 3þmw XobXn am Xr`qan {]kn²oIcn¨ teJ\¯n At±lw Zteema AhXmcambncn¡p¶ Ahtem IntXizct_m[nkXzsâ \nhmkamb t]mXmfIae i_cnaebmsW¶v JWvUn¨p ]d bp¶p. bphm³NmMnsâ hnhcWs¯¸än tIkcnbpsS hniIe\w 73 hÀjw ap¼p \ne\n¶ KthjWNmXpcnsb hyàam¡p¶XmWv. ""BZyambn bphm³NmMnsâ hnhcWw i_cnaebv¡v F{X tbmPn¨ncn¡p¶psh¶v hniZam¡mw. i_cnaebpw t]mXmfIhpw aeb]ÀhX¯nemWv ØnXnsN¿p¶Xv. i_cnae tIdm³ ]­p­mbncp¶ sshjay§Ä tIcfobcmb \ap¡v AdnbmatÃm? Cu sshjay§Ä Xs¶bmWv t]mXmfI¯n Ibdp¶hÀ¡pw A`napJoIcnt¡­nh¶Xv. i_ cnaebnepw kao]apÅ aeIfnepw t]mXmfI¯nse¶t]mse Nµ\acw hfcp¶p­v. Nµ\ac¯nsâ Hcp ]cymbamb kÀ]njvSw F¶Xns\ Bkv]Zn¨mWv Nµ\ac§fn kÀ]§Ä Xq§n¡nS¡psa¶v bphm³NmMv ]dªn«pÅXv. i_cnaebpsS Hcp hi¯p\n¶v ]¼m\Zn DÂ`hn¨v AXnsâ Hcp hiw apgph³ NpänbmWv ]Snªmtdms«mgpIp¶Xv... AKvkvXyIqS¯n AYhm sNdnbs]mXnIbn \n¶pÂ`hn¡p¶ Xm{a]ÀWn AXns\ hewhs¨mgpIp¶nÃ...'' tIkcnbpsS Cu hnhcWs¯ aebmfw aXnbmbn {i²n¨n«nÃ. tIcfNcn{X]camtbm _u² Ncn{X]camtbm bphm³NmMnsâ hnhcWs¯ aebmfnIÄ IqSpX KthjW¯n\v hnt[bam¡nbn«nÃ. t\tcadn¨v _u²Ncn{XImc\mb temtIjvN{µ bpsS 1979  {]kn²amb "t]mXmfI¯n

i_cnaebnse

A¿¸³ _p²t\m?

18

Infn¸ - m«v


_p²]£w se AhtemIntXizcsâ DÂ`hw' F¶ ]T\w \oe A`n{]mbs¸Sp¶p. AhtemIntXizcsâ `qan bnse IWvT[mcWnsb D²cn¨v i_cnaebpsS aqecq]w \n kzÀKs¯¸än temtIjvN{µ D²cn¡p¶ hm¡pIÄ Êwibw hyàam¡p¶p. aq¶p]Xnäm­pIÄ¡p ti “Potalaka is on the sea side in the south, it has jhpw Cu ]T\w tIcf¯n aXnbmbn woods, and streams, and tanks and is in fact {i²n¡s¸«n«nsöv \nebv¡m¯ a sort of earthly paradise. Buddhabhadra A¿¸þ_p² hnhmZw kqNn¸n¡p (A D 420) calls Kuanyin’s mountain ¶p. Kuang-ming of Brilliance which is tIkcn Ggp]Xnäm­p ap AtamLh{PbpsS usually given as the rendering for ¼v D²cn¨ bphm³NmMnsâ hnh Malaya but a later translator \oeIWvT[mcWn cWt¯msSbmWv temtIjv N{µ Sikshananda transcribes the name bpsS ]T\w Bcw`n¡p¶Xv. XpSÀ Potalaka. Buddhabhadra’s rendering \tam cXv\{Xbmb ¶v AtamLh{PbpsS {]kn²am of Potala is Brilliance. It refers to its \a BcymhtemIntXizcmb, b \oeIWvT[mcWn (P¸m\nse etymology: Tamil pottu (potti) to light t_m[nkXzmb almkXzmb sk³ _u²]c¼cbnse Hgn¨p (as a fire)...” almImcpWnImb IqSm\mIm¯ {]mÀY\) D²cn¨v s]m«p+BtemI (shfn Hmw kÀh`btim[\mb Xky lcnþlc k¦Â]hpw AhtemIn ¨w, tPymXn)= t]mXmfIw F¶ \akvIrXzm Cap Xkzc t_m[nkXz\pw X½nepÅ bpàn¡v BtemIm[n]Xn tem BcyhtemIntXizc Xh ISnªq _Ôw hyàam¡p ImXn{Im´ F¶ \oeIWvT[m \tam \oeIWvT ¶p. Ggmw \qäm­nsâ BZy ]mZw cWnbnse hntijWw km[pX lrZbw hÀ¯bnjyman apX Xs¶ Cu \oeIWvTI \ÂIp¶p. C¶s¯ aebmf kÀhmÀY km[\w ip`w kqàw No\bn {]Nmc¯nem ¯n s]m«p F¶Xv Xangnse AtPbw kÀh`qXm\mw bncp¶Xmbn (No\þanMv {Xn]nSI) t]mse kqcys\tbm shfn¨s¯ `hamÀKhn tim[Iw XZyYm _u²Ncn{XtcJIÄ hyàam tbm kqNn¸n¡p¶pthm CÃtbm Hmw BtemIm[n]Xn ¡p¶p. D²cn¡s¸« kqàImc F¶ hkvXpX Cu teJI\v Xn« temImXn{Im´ Gln \mb AtamLh{Psâ ImeL«w anÃ. F¶m ]S¡hpw aäpw s]m almt_m[nk¯z kÀ] {InkvXphÀjw 723þ774 BIp¶p. «n¡pI F¶ kÀhkm[mcWam kÀ] kvac kvac lrZbw inhþhnjvWp k¦Â]hpw Ah b {]tbmK¯n s]m«n¡p¶Xn Ipcp Ipcp IÀa [pcp [pcp temIntXizc\pw X½nepÅ _ \v I¯n¡pI F¶ AÀYw D­v. hnPbtX almhnPbtX [c Ôw Cu hcnIfn hyàamWv. t]mXmfIw AXn\m Xo I¯n [c [mcnWo cmP Ne Ne aa s{]m^ temtIjv N{µ Hcp]Sn ¨ncp¶ AYhm shfn¨w {]Xy£ hnae aqÀt¯ Gln Gln IqSn apt¶m«p t]mbn No\tcJI s¸«ncp¶ ØeamsW¶v hyà Onµ Onµ Ej {]Nen hnjw fnse \oeIWvTIkqà¯nsâ amIp¶p. Cu shfn¨w t_m[nNn hnjw {]Wmib lpep lpep aqecq]w ({In h 627) D²cn¨v ¯¯nsâ BhnÀ`mhw Ipdn¡p¶ kvac lpep lpep kc kc lcnþlck¦Â]¯nsâ aqÀ¯na Adnhnsâ almshfn¨amsW¶v kncn kncn kpcp kpcp ÛmhamWv AhtemIntXizc AhXwkIkq{X¯n 1 \n¶pw t_m[nb t_m[nb t_m[b t_m[nkXzs\¶ hkvXpX shfn a\Ênem¡mw. ]¯v Zn¡pIsf {] þ t_m[b ssa{Xnb ¨¯p sIm­phcp¶p. tim`n¸n¨ncn¡p¶ ]¯v almsh \oeIWvT tZln ta ZÀi\w i_cnaebnse lcnlc]p fn¨§fpsS aqÀ¯oIcWamb Zn {]lcmbamWmb kzmlm {X\mb [ÀaimkvXmhpw Ahtem Kw_c\mb, \oeIWvTþtemtI kn²mb kzmlm IntXizc t_m[nkXz\pw Hcm izc\mb, inh\mb AhtemInX almkn²mbm kzmlm fmsW¶ Imcy¯n H«pw Xs¶ kzcþt_m[nkXz\mWv [Àaim kn²tbmKoizcmb kzmlm kwib¯n\hImianÃ. \oeI kvXmsh¶ Imcy¯n sXÃpw \oeIWvTmb kzmlm WvTþtemtIizc\pw t]mXmfI kwib¯n\v AhImianÃ. ]¯v hcmlapJmb kzmlm AhtemIntXizc\pw ssihþ shfn¨w, ]¯v+BtemIw= ]mXm \cknwlapJmb kzmlm sshjvWhþ_u² ka\zb¯n fIw AYhm ]mXmfsa¶ aqe] KZm lkvXmb kzmlm sâ {]XoIambn i_cnaebn Zw ]n¡me¯v aIc-þ]ujkw N{IlkvXmb kzmlm Ncn{XmXoXImew apX Bcm[n {Im´nbn s]m¶¼eta«nse ]ßlkvXmb kzmlm ¡s¸Sp¶Xmbn ChnsS hyàam IÀ]qcw I¯n¡p¶ ]Xnhpw h¶ \oeIWvTþ]mWvUcmb Ip¶p. temIm[n]Xnbmb hnjv tXmsS t]mXmfIw Bbn ]cnW kzmlm almXfn i¦cmb Wphpambn AhtemIntXizcþ an¡pIbpw ]n¶oSv ]ptcmlnXhÀ kzmlm t_m[nkXz\pÅ ka\zbamWv Kw t]mXmfIs¯ t]mXmfIam \tam cXv\{Xbmb Xn_¯nse B[ymßnImNmcy ¡n kwkvIrXhÂIcn¨ alnjþ \a BcymhtemIntXizcmb \mb ZembvemabpsS emkbnse alnjn IYmIY\¯n\v D]tbm t_m[nkXzmb kzmlm \nhmkØm\¯n\v t]mXmfIw Kn¡pIbw sNbvXncn¡mw F¶v F¶ hntijW¯n\v ImcWam Duln¡mw. t]mXmfI¯n\v _u bXv. ²]mc¼cy¯nep­mbncp¶ {][m \yw Xmsg¡mWp¶ AhXwkIkq almssh]pey_p²mhXwkIkq{Xw {X¯nse hnhcW¯n \n¶pw Duln temtIjv N{µ t]mXmfIs¯¸änbpÅ NÀ¨bn ¡mw. ka´`{Zþ t_m[nkXz³ ]dbp¶p-þ bphm³NmMv AhXwkIkq{Xw hmbn¨ncn¡mw F¶v When reborn in the Western Land, I will perfect and

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

19


_p²]£w completely fulfill, Without exception, these Great Vows, To delight and benefit all beings.

kp[\s\¶ [m\yISI¯nse (AacmhXn) bphmhv t_m[nkXzþaRvPp{iobpsS \nÀtZi{]Imcw `mcX _u²]mc¼cy¯n P·m´c§Ä¡p hfsc amsI IeymWmarXcmb `n£p¡sf tXSn k©cn¡p {]kànbp­v. A§s\ ]Snªmdv ]p\ÀP\n¨bm Ibpw A¼¯nc­p kn²³amsc I­v t_m[nk¯z fmWv A¿¸s\¶ AhtemInXkzc t_m[nkXz³. NcybneqsS Ahkm\w ka´`{Zþt_m[nkXz\n At±ls¯ ImWp¶Xn\mbn kp[\s\¶ `n£p \S hnebw {]m]n¡p¶p. kp[\sâ bm{Xbn I­pap«p ¶ Ccp]¯nsb«mw IeymWmarX\mWv AhtemIn ¯nb bm{Xsb¸än AhXwkIkq{Xw ]dbp¶p2. tXizc³. aRvPp{io, ssat{Xb³, ka´`{Z³ apXem “Then, the merchant’s son Sudhana arrived in due order at bhcpambn XmcXays¸Sp¯pt¼mÄ KWvUhyqlcN mount Potalaka and climbing mount Potalaka he looked \mIme¯v AhtemIntXizc³ {]m[m\yw BÀ around and searched everywhere for the bodhi sattva Pn¨ph¶ncp¶ Hcp t_m[nkXz\mbncp¶psh Avalokitesvara. Finally he saw the bodhi sattva \tam ¶pw h{Pbm\¯nsâ Hcp ]pXnb apJhpw ssi Avalokitesvara on a plateau on the western side of cXv\{Xbmb enbpw KWvUhyql¯n \ngen¡p¶Xmbpw the mountain in a clearing of large woods \a ] WvUnX³amÀ A`n{]mbs¸Sp¶p. abounding in young grass, adorned with springs Bcymhtem _u²]mc¼cy¯nÂ]Snªmdv and waterfalls, and surrounded by various trees. IntXizcmb, F¶ {]tbmKw kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv bYmÀY He was sitting cross-legged on a diamond rock t_m[nkXzmb ¯n Z£nWamWv F¶ hkvXpX tem surrounded by multitude of bodhisattvas almkXzmb tIjv N{µ hyàam¡p¶Xv hfsc seated on rocks of various jewels. He was almImcpWnImb {it²bamb kwKXnbmWv. sX expounding the Dharma explanation XZyYm ¡pw ]Snªmdpw H¶mIp¶ `m called the splendor of the door of Hmw kÀh_Ô\tOZ\Icmb cX¯nsâ sX¡p]Snªmdp great friendliness and great kÀh`hkap{ZtÑmjWIcmb aqe tIcfamWtÃm? compassion belonging to the kÀhhym[n{]ia\Icmb sphere of taking care of all kÀhCuXyp]{Zhhn\miIcmb _u²]mc¼cy¯n sentient beings.” kÀh`tbm¯mcWIcmb Xky \akvIrXzm CZu ]SnªmdpÅ tIcf KWvUhyqlkq BcymhtemIn tXizc Xh \oeIWvT \ma hcw. ¯nsâ {]m[m\yw {Xw {In ]n \memw\qäm lrZbw thÀ¯bnjyman kÀhmÀYkm[\w ip`w ­n kwkvIrX¯n B[nImcnIambn tIc AtPbw kÀh`qXm\mw `hamÀK hntim[Iw XZyYm f¯nse _u²]mc¼ segpXs¸«sX¶p Icp BtemIm[n]Xn temImXn{Im´ Gln ltc cyw hyàam¡p¶ Ir Xs¸Sp¶ AhXwkI almt_m[nk¯z tl almt_m[nk¯z tl {]nb XnIÄ Csöv Xs¶ kq{X¯nsâ t{]mÖze t_m[nk¯z tl ImcpWnI kvac lrZbw. Gln lc ]dbmw. s{]m^ ]n kn ]cnkam]v X nbmsW¶v BcymhtemIntXizcmb, ]ca ssa{XoNn¯ ImcqWnI AeIvkm­dpsS 1949 IcpXs¸Sp¶p. t_m[n Ipcp Ipcp IÀa. km[b km[b hnZymw. tZln tZln ta ]  A®mae kÀhIem `{Z³ A©mw\qäm­n Acw. Kaw Ka hnlwKakn²tbmKoizc [pcp [pcp ime {]kn²oIcn¨ {] sâ c­mw ]Xnäm­n hnPb´n almhnPb´n. [c [c [mcWot{µizc Ne Ne CXv No\`mjbnte¡v _ÔamWv (1943þ 46 D. hnaeaqÀt¯ BcymhtemIntXizc ]cn`mjs¸Sp¯n. Lit)) {it²bamb B Pn\IrjvWþPSmþapIptS Ae¦rXicoc t_m[b\w F¶v hn ZyIrXnsb¶v ]d ew_{]ew_hnew_ almkn²hnZym[c. _e _e alm tijn¸n¡mhp¶ bmw. Fkv F³ k _e. aà aÃaà almaÃ. Ne Ne almNe. Irjv W hÀW, t_m[nkXzPohn Zminhsâ "C³Uy IrjvW b£, IrjvW]mi \nÀKÑ\. tl ]ßlkvX. Nc Nc X¯nsâ ]¯vL bpsS kmaqly \nÝtcizc. Irjv W kÀt]IrXbtÚm] hoX Gln tl. «§Ä AYhm X Ncn{Xw' tIcf almhcmlapJ, {Xn]pc Zlt\izc \mcmbWþ _eþcq] hnj[tc tl e§fmWv Ah ¯nse _u² \oeIWv T Gln Gln alm lemle hnj \nÀPnX temIky XwkI¯nsâ ]mc¼cyw km cmKhnjhn\mi\ tZzj hnjhn\mi\ tamlhnjhn\mi\ \ntam£³ DÅS¡w. am\yw hniZ lpep lpep. cmlpem cmlpem, lc ltc (lemltc) alm]ß\m`. kc kc kncn kncn kpc kpc _p²y _p²y t_m[bþ t_m[b t_m[yman tX \oeIWvT. GtXyln ]ßØnX \cknwl apJ lk lk. kp© kp© alm«lmkyw GXymln tam tam alm kn²tbmKoizc aW aW hmN. km[b km[b khnZym³. kvac kvac Xm³. `Kh´ temtIm]temIm Xm³ XYmKXm\mw. ZZmln ta ZÀi \ImakyZÀi\w. {]lcmbamW kzmlm. kn²mb kzmlm. kn²tbmKoizcmb kzmlm \oeIWvTmb kzmlm hcmlapJmb kzmlm almhcmlapJmb kzmlm \cknwlapJmb kzmlm alm\cknwlapJmb kzmlm h{PlkvXmb kzmlm almh{PlkvXmb kzmlm kn²hnZym[cmb kzmlm almkn²hnZym[cmb kzmlm. ]ßlkv Xmb kzmlm. alm]ßlkvXmb kzmlm. IrjvWkÀ]IrXb tÚm]hoXmb kzmlm. almaWn aIpS[cmb kzmlm. N{Imbp[[cmb kzmlm. iwJi_vZ\n t_m[\mbkzmlm. hmakvIÔtZi ØnX IrjvWmPn\mb kzmlm. hmalkvXhym{LmNÀa\nhmk\mb kzmlm. temtIizc\mb kzmlm. almtemtIizcmb kzmlm. kÀhknt²izcmb kzmlm. c£ c£ amw kzmlm. \tam `KhtX BcymhtemIntXizcmb t_m[nkXzmb almkXzmb almIcqWnImb kn²y´p ta a{´]Zm\n kzmlm

No\tcJIfnse \oeIWvTIkqàw 20

Infn¸ - m«v


_p²]£w ambn NÀ¨sN¿p¶p­v. AeIvkm ­dpsS BapJw XpS¡¯n Xs¶ Xsâ ]T\¯n\v A`napJoI cnt¡­nh¶ ZpchØ hniZam ¡p¶p­v. (I) kmlnXy]ctam, `qJ\t\m ]c amb sXfnhpIsfm¶pw Xs¶bnÃ. (J) imIyap\nbpsS {iaW]c¼c ¡v tIcf¯n kmaqlnIamb A hinjvSsam¶pw ZriyaÃ. Hcp Zzn] hwitam almhwitam tIcf¯n se _u²cpsS Ncn{Xw kw_Ôn¨v e`yaÃ. (K) hncfamb XanÄþ aebmfw km lnXy§fnse ]cmaÀi§fpw G Xm\pw Nne ]pcmhkvXp¡fpw am{X amWv Ncn{X]T\¯n\v Ahew_ ambn«pÅXv. (L) sh¦SKncn hS¡pw I\ymIp amcn sX¡pw Ing¡vþ ]Snªmdv k ap{Z§fpambn ØnXn sNbvXncp¶ ]gbIme XangI¯nse aq¶p cm jv{Sob hn`mK§fmb tNcþtNmfþ ]mWvUycmPy§fpsS kmwkvImcn IssIIyw IW¡nseSpt¡­Xp ­v. XangIs¯ aqhcicn {][m \n tNc\mbncp¶psh¶ hkvXpX bpw sImSpwXangnsâ s]mXphmb ss]XrIhpw HmÀabnencnt¡­ hkvXpXIfmWv. (M) tIcf¯nse _u²bpKw ae bmfIrXnIfpsS BhnÀ`mh¯n\v ap¼v Xs¶ Ahkm\n¨ncp¶Xn\m  aWntaJe, Nne¸XnImcw apX emb Xangv cN\IfmWv _u²]m c¼cyw a\Ênem¡p¶Xn\v Ahew _w. tIcf¯nse _u²]mc¼ cys¯¸än s{]m^ AeIvkm­À 65 hÀjw aps¼gpXnbXn\¸pdw Hcp ]Sn t]mepw sh¡phm³ ]n¡me KthjIÀ¡p Ignªn«nÃ. At±l ¯m NÀ¨sN¿s¸« tIcfob _u²]mc¼cy¯nsâ hnhn[ hi §sf¸än \maam{Xamb ]T\§sf ¦nepw ]n¡me¯v D­mbn«p t­m F¶v kwibnt¡­nbncn¡p ¶p. Nm¯\mcpsS aWntaJe, Cf t¦m ASnIfpsS Nne¸XnImcw, A timIenJnX§Ä, {ioaqehmk s¯¸änbpÅ Ht¶m ct­m ]cmaÀ i§Ä Chbn HXp§n \n¡p ¶p \½psS KthjWw. kZminhsâ Ncn{XIrXnbn  almhwiw D²cn¨v c£nX [oc s\¶ _u²`n£p tIcf¯nse ¯n lo\bm\¯n\v henb {]Nm cw \ÂInbXmbpw XpSÀ¶v {Inkv XphÀjw 65þmwam­n [Àaimk\ s\¶ `n£p Cabhc¼³ s\Sp t©c BXsâ Ime¯v kntem

tIkcn _meIrjvW]nÅ

s{]m^ temtIjv N{µ

s{]m^ AeIvkm­À

Wn \n¶pw sImSp§Ãqcnse¯n bncp¶Xmbpw ]dbp¶p. kntem Wn \n¶papÅ kzm[o\¯n\v ap ¼v Xs¶ AtimIb\b¨ `n£p ¡fm ]ÝnaXoc¯neqsSbpw Im ©o]pcw hgnbmbpw _p²aXw tI cf¯n {]Ncn¨ncn¡mw F¶v an¡ KthjIcpw A\pam\n¡p¶p. {In

kvXphÀjw c­pw F«pw \qäm­p IÄ¡nSbnse _u²Ncn{X¯n tim`mbam\ambn ImWp¶ ]e t] cpIfpw {ZmhnU AYhm XangI¯n sâ kw`mh\bmsW¶pw þ \mKmÀ Pp\³, BcytZh³, t_m[n[Àa³, [ÀaIoÀ¯n, hkp_Ôp, Zn\\mK ³, `hhnthI, [Àa]me³, _p² tLmj³, _p²Z¯³,þ Chcn ]ecpw tIcfobcmbncp¶psh¶pw kZminh³ hyàam¡p¶p. kn² sshZy¯nsâ {]Nmc¯n _p² aXw hln¨ ]¦pw tIcf¯nse _ Ôs¸« _u²cpsS {]hÀ¯\hpw kZminh³ shfn¨¯p sIm­ph cp¶p­v. cmksshtijnIkq{X §fpsS IÀ¯mhmb `Z´þ\mKmÀ Pp\³ I\ymIpamcn¡Sp¯v acpXzm aebn ]Xns\«phÀjw X]Êp sNbvX tijw tNÀ¯e¡Sp¯ Xncphngmbn ]mÀ¯v sshZy hr ¯n sN¿pIbpw ]n¡me¯v \c knwlmZnIfmb (IehqÀþ tNÀ¯ e kztZiw) [mcmfw injy³amcn eqsS {]kn²\mIpIbpw sNbvXp. tNÀ¯e¡Sp¯ IS¡c¸Ånbpw hmKv`Ssâ XIgnbpw Hm¨ndþ]c{_ Òhpw aäpw _u²cpsS sshZyhr ¯nbpsS {][m\tI{µ§fmbn cp¶p. kZminh³ hnhn[ hntZi bm{XnIcpsS hnhcW§fpw, Øe \ma§fpw, BNmcm\pjv T m\§ fpw, imkvXmþt£{X§fpsS {]m [m\yhpw D²cn¨v _p²aXw Bbn c¯ntesd hÀj¡mew tIcf¯n  {]m_ey¯nencp¶psh¶ hkv XpX hyàam¡p¶p. At±l¯n\v e`yamb sXfnhpIsf Bkv]Z am¡n atl{µKncnbmWv bphm³ NmMv ]cmaÀin¡p¶ aeIqSsa¶pw AKkvXyIqSamWv AhtemIntX izcsâ Øm\sa¶pw {]kvXmhn ¡p¶Xn sXäp]änsb¶v temtI jv N{µbpsS ]T\w kqNn¸n¡p¶p. `mcX¯nse {]kn²cmb lnµpssZ h§sfÃmw Xs¶ D¯c`mcX ¯n s]mXpsh Bcm[n¡s¸Sp ¶hcpw ]pcmW{KÙ§fn hniZ amb NÀ¨IÄ¡v hnjbo`hn¨hcpw Bbncns¡ tIcf¯nse imkvXr ]qP {]ISam¡p¶ sshcp[yw _u²kzm[o\¯nsâ sISmhnf ¡msW¶v \ap¡v \nÊwibw a\ Ênem¡mw. _p²aXw £oWn¡p ¶Xn\p ImcWambn kZminh³ Nq­n¡m«p¶Xv almbm\þ]c¼c bnse X{´hnZybpsS AXn{]kc amWv. h{Pbm\w AYhm X{´bm \w _u²Nn´bn AhtemInX kzc³, Xmc, {]Úm]mcanXm F

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

21


_p²]£w ¶o tZhXIÄ¡v e`n¨ {]mapJyw _u²Nn´bpsS bpàn`{ZXbv¡v Xpc¦w sh¡p¶Xn ]ptcmlnX hÀKs¯ klmbn¨p. AeIvkm­dpsS ]T\¯nepw _p²kwL¯nsâ ]n¡me PoÀWXbmWv \mi ¯nsâ {][m\ImcWambn ]dbp¶Xv. Cu hn[ \nKa\§Ä F{Xam{Xw kXyamWv? imkvXm]qPbp sS {]tXyIamb ]mc¼cy¯n\v Im cWamb tIcf¯n se {]tXyIamb kmaqlnI Npäp]m SpIsf´mbncp¶p? _p²aXw \mamh tijamsb¦nepw imkvXmhnsâ A Yhm lcnlc]p{X sâ Bcm[\\nÀ _m[w XpScp¶Xn \v ImcWsa´m Wv? \oeIWvT[m cWnbn Zriyam Ip¶ ssihþ ssh jvWhþ_u²ka \zbw tIcfs¯ AYhm almbm\ _u²Nn´sb F §s\ _m[n¨p? C §s\ D¯cw In «m¯ hnhn[ {]iv \§Ä¡v apIfn ]cmaÀin¡s¸« ]T\§Ä hyàam b D¯cw \ÂIp¶nÃ. _u²]mc¼cy¯nsâ tIc f¯nse thcpIÄtXSn IqSpX At\zjWw Ah iyam¡p¶ kmlNcyamWnXv.

sound identifications of Malayakuta(as he renders the name)in his statement that the province of Malaya kuta must have included the modern districts of Tanjore and Madura on the east with Coimbatore, Cochin and Travancore on the west. It is also pointed out that the area so indicated would roughly correspond to the Pandyan kingdom as it was in the days when the pilgrim came to south India.

apIfnse D²c Wnbn \ap¡v G ähpw {it²bamb Xv BZys¯ hcn bmWv aeIqSw Nn þ tam þ tem F¶pw Adnbs¸«ncp¶ph s{X! F´mW Cu Nn þ tam þ tem? tIkcnbpsS F gp¯pIÄ ]eXpw kmam\y _p²n ¡pw KWnX¯n \pw aäpw A¸pdw \n¡p¶p sh¦n epw `mjm]camb Is­¯epIÄ At±l¯nsâ ]m WvUnXys¯ sh fnhm¡p¶hbm Wv. {ioaqehmk s¯¸änbpÅ Xsâ teJ\¯n Nn þ tamþtem {ioaqew F¶Xnsâ No\cq]amsW¶v At±lw hyàam¡p¶p. cmPy§sf AhbpsS Xe Øm\\KcnIfpsS t]cpsIm­v hywKn¸n¨ncp¶coXn A\pkcn¨v aeIqS¯nsâ XeØm\w AYhm {] [m\\Kcn AYhm {][m\amb _u²kt¦Xw {ioaq ehmkambncp¶psh¶v \ap¡v a\Ênem¡mw. apI fn \ÂInb D²cWn ]mWvUycmPyhpambn sX¡³ tIcf¯n\p­mbncp¶ _mÔhs¯bpw i_cnae bpsS Ncn{X¯n ]mWvUy¯nsâ t]cp {]kvXmhy amIp¶Xnsâ ]Ým¯ehpw kqNn¸n¡p¶p.

Fs´ms¡ tcJIÄ D²cn¨mepw imkvXmhv lnµphmsW¶v hmZn¡p¶ lnµpXzanÃm¯ \qX\ lnµphmZnIÄ `qX\mtYm]mJym\w t]msebpÅ Akw_ÔIrXnIfpw aXn_v{`aw Dfhm¡p¶ sFXnly§fpw sIm«nKvtLmjn¨p sImt­bncn¡pw. F¶m i_cnaebpsS kXyw ]ptcmlnXhÀKw ]S¨p­m¡nb Akw_ÔIYIfpsSsbms¡ ]q¨v ]pd¯psIm­p hcp¶p.

bphm³NmMv ]dbp¶ aeIqSw AeIvkm­dpsS ]T\¯n bphm³NmsM¶ No\k©mcnbpsS hnhcWw tIk cnbpsS ]T\¯n \n¶pw BZy`mK¯v D²cn¡pI bp­mbn. 1946 se AeIvkm­dpsS {]_Ô¯nepw aeIqStasX¶ {]iv\w Bdmw A[ymb¯n hniZ ambn NÀ¨ sN¿s¸Sp¶p­v. Nne hnZzm³amÀ X§fp sS Hmtcmtcm CSp§nb Nn´mKXnIsf ]n´pW¡p ¶Xn\v IpcpS³amÀ B\sb I­Xpt]mse Ncn{X cN\\S¯nbXnsâ hniZmwi§fnte¡v ChnsS IS ¡p¶nÃ. tIkcnbpsS Fgp¯pIfpw AeIvkm­ cpsS hniIe\hpw Hcpan¨ptNÀ¯p hmbn¡pt¼mÄ hfsc {]kàamb Hcp Is­¯Â AeIvkm­À \S¯p¶Xv BcpsSbpw {i²bnÂs]Sp¶Xpw hnhm Z¯n\v ]cnlmcw \ÂIp¶XpamWv. (]pdw 98) “Mr Beal the Chinese editor remarks in a note that Malakuta was also called Chi-mo-lo. These syllables are identified with Tamila (by Dr Caldwell) the name of the Tamil people. The identification of the Chinese pilgrim’s Malakuta with Malainadu has gained acceptance at the hands of many eminet scholars and they are inclined to concede the view that the pilgrim’s travels included Malabar too. Prof K A Nilakantha Sastri says: with whatever defects of method, Cunningham must be held to have arrived at a substaintially

22

Infn¸ - m«v

]Snªmdns\ sX¡m¡nb {ioaqehmkw temtIjvN{µbpsS ]T\w Oddyana: A New Perspective AXn]pcmX\amb \mep Xm{´nI]oT§fnsem¶mb HVymWw Im©o]pcamsW¶ Is­¯Â AhXcn ¸n¡p¶p. Im©o]pcs¯, Z£nW`mcXs¯ h{Pbm \¯nsâ P·`qanbm¡n amäp¶ \nKa\amWnXv. _u ²tcJIfn imIycpsS Øew Ing¡pw {io_p²\v kaImenI\mbncp¶ C{µ`qXn F¶ cmPmhnsâ Ø eamb HVymWw ]SnªmdpamWv. Cu HVymWw Im ©o]pcamsW¶v HVymWw, Im©n F¶o hm¡pIfp sS AÀYw "AcªmWw'kqNn¸n¡p¶p. h{Pbm\w BZyambn D]tZin¡s¸«Xv ChnsSbmsW¶v ]e _u²IrXnIfpw (Tresaures of the Sakya Lineage: Teaching from the Masters) kqN\ \ÂIp¶p. t\tc adn¨v `mcX¯nsâ sX¡p`mK¯v C¶s¯ Aacm hXn AYhm IrjvWbpsS Icbnse [m\yISIw (Place of Heaped Rice) F¶v _u² tcJIÄ ]dbp¶p.


_p²]£w

Sn_änse t]mXmfIw

ChnsSbmWv iw`fcmPmhmb kp N{µ/IpfnI\v imIyap\n ImeN{I X{´w D]tZin¨Xv. HVymW¯n\v hfsc AIsebà Cu Øew F¶p ]dbp¶pXn\m Im©nbpw sX¡³`mcX¯nâ `mKamtI­ XmsW¦nepw s{]m^ temtIjv N{µ adns¨mcp \nKa\amWv \ÂIp ¶Xv. “Twelve scrolls of Nilakantha Lokesvara texts in Chinese have been found at Tun- huang (Giles:105-116).

s]m¶¼eta«nse IÀ]qcw I¯n¡p¶ kvYew

Manuscripts 3793 of the stein collection of Chinese scrolls from Tun-huan adds a note at the end: Translated at Khotan by the sramana Bhagavaddharma of Western India. Here west means ‘South India’ as we have already pointed out in our article on Oddiyana. It is notable that Bhagavaddharma accomplished the translation at Khotan”

]Snªmsd¶ ]cmaÀiw sX ¡mIWsa¦n sX¡p]Snªmdn \v hfsc {]kn²nbp­mIWw. Nnþ

tamþ tem F¶v No\À hntijn¸n ¡p¶ {ioaqehmkw Cu kmlN cy¯n hfsc {]kàamIp¶p. aq jnIImhyhpw aäpw D²cn¨v tIk cn {ioaqehmkw sImS§Ãqcn\Sp ¯mbncp¶psh¶v kn²m´n¡p¶p. KmÔmctZi¯p Is­¯s¸« A htemIntXizc t_m[nkXzsâ hn {Kl¯n\pta "Z£nW ]tY aqe hmktemI\mY' F¶v tcJs¸Sp ¯nbncn¡p¶ hkvXpX aqehmk ¯n\v _u²temI¯v e`yambncp ¶ IoÀ¯n shfnhm¡p¶p. i_cn ae HVymW]oTw t]mse {]kn² amb ]qÀWKncnbmsW¶v tIkcn 1124 Nn§w 20 \v aebmfat\mca {] kn²oIcn¨ teJ\¯n ]dbp ¶psh¦nepw kaÀYn¡p¶nÃ. kZm inh³ {ioaqehmkw Xr¡p¶¸pg bmsW¶v hmZn¡pt¼mÄ tIkcn \ÂIp¶ kqN\ sImSp§Ãqcn\Sp ¯pÅ temIatÃizcamWv. {In h Bdmw \qäm­papX _p²aXw tIcf¯n £bn¨psh¶v Duln ¡p¶ tIkcn bphm³ NmMns\ D²cn¡p¶Xv C{]ImcamWvþ ""\m«pImcn NneÀ _p²a Xw A\pkcn¨p hcp¶p­v. tijn ¨hÀ ]mjWvU³amÀ BIp¶p. hn Úm\s¯ ChnS¯pImÀ A[nIw _lpam\n¨phcp¶nÃ... ]e {]mNo \§fmb _u²`n£paT§fpsS AhinjvS§Ä ChnsS ImWmw. ]s£ aXnepIÄ am{Xta Ahti

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

23


_p²]£w jn¨n«pÅq. `n£p¡Ä A[nIanÃ. At\Iw lnµptZhmeb§fpw A\ h[n ]mjWvUcpw {]tXyIn¨v ssP \cpw ChnsSbp­v. XeØm\¯n\v Ipsd Ing¡mbn Hcp ]pcmX\ kw Lmcmaw ImWmw. CXnsâ ap³hiw ImSp]nSn¨pInS¡p¶p. CXnsâ ASns¡«p aXnÂ\n¡p¶p­v... atl{µ³ ]Wn Ign¸n¨XmWnXv... Xdbn XmWpt]mb Hcp kvXq]w CXn\p Ing¡phi¯p ImWmw. CXnsâ iywKw am{Xw \ne¯p \n ¶p s]m´n \n¡p¶p. AtimI cmPmhp ]Wnb¨Xt{X CXv'' bphm³ NmMns\ D²cn¨v aqehmkw Ggmw\qäm­n \m tim³apJambncp¶p F¶v Øm]n ¡p¶ tIkcn aqehmk¯nse Xmes¸menbmWv bphm³ NmMv kv{XoIfpsS ]´w sImfp¯embn hÀWn¡p¶sX¶pw aäpw A`n{]mb s¸Sp¶p. kÀ]§Ä Xq§n¡nS¡p ¶ Nµ\ac§Ä I­ No\³ ]d bp¶sXÃmw apJhnes¡Sp¡pI hfsc A]IScambncn¡pw. tIkcn bpsS hmZw icnsb¶p kzoIcn¨m hn{IamZnXyhcKpWsâ sN¼p]« b¯nse Xncpaqe]mZw H³]Xmw \qäm­n F§s\ km[yamIpw F¶ tNmZyw Dbcp¶p. {ioaqehm kw C¶s¯ [ÀaS¯n\Sp¯m sW¶v hmZn¡p¶hcpap­v. i_cnae¡pw Xr¡p¶¸pg¡pw CSbn tIcfob _u²]mc¼cy¯n\v A \ntj[yamb sXfnhmbn a[yXncp hnXmwIqdnse hnhn[ Øe§fpw XncpBX³tImsS¶ XncphnXmw Iqdp Xs¶bpw km£yw \ÂIp¶p. kZminh³ hnkvXmc¯n Xs¶ imkvXmt£{X§fpsSbpw Øe \ma§fpsSbpw _u²_Ôw NÀ¨ sN¿p¶p. "At¿m' F¶ aebmfnbp sS (‘O God’) Bßhnem]w Xs¶ A¿³, A¿¸³, C§s\ _p²\p e`yambncp¶ hntijW§fpsS ]cnWXnbmsW¶v At±lw Nq­n ¡m«p¶Xv \ntj[n¡pI h¿. A¨ ³, Ip«³... C§s\ ]e hntijW §fpw _p²\p­mbncp¶psh¶ Xpw hfsc kXyamsW¶v BÀ¡pw t_m[ys¸Smw. aWvUe{hXhpw aIctPymXnbpw _u²]mc¼cy¯nsâ sISmhnf ¡pIÄ Fs´ms¡ tcJIÄ D²cn¨mepw imkvXmhv lnµphmsW¶v hmZn¡p ¶ lnµpXzanÃm¯ \qX\lnµphm ZnIÄ `qX\mtYm]mJym\w t]mse

24

Infn¸ - m«v

bpÅ Akw_ÔIrXnIfpw aXn _v{`aw Dfhm¡p¶ sFXnly§ fpw sIm«nKvtLmjn¨p sImt­bn cn¡pw. F¶m i_cnaebpsS kXyw ]ptcmlnXhÀKw ]S¨p­m ¡nb Akw_ÔIYIfpsSsbm s¡ ]q¨v ]pd¯psIm­p hcp¶p. Cu teJ\¯nsâ BZy`mK¯v D²cn¨ \oeIWvT[mcWn Xs¶ bmWv aIctPymXn _u²mNmcam sW¶ hkvXpX shfnhm¡p¶Xv. almImcpWnIkq{Xw F¶v {]kn ²amb Cu _u²a{´¯n\v Bap Jambn No\þ]IÀ]pIÄ \ÂIp¶ BapJw i_cnaebpsS kXyw sh fn¨¯p sIm­phcp¶p. Xes¡«nsâ ]qÀWcq]w kl{k`pP, kl{km£, Ahtem IntXizcþ t_m[nkXzsâ hnim ehpw ]qÀWhpw \nÀ_m[hpamb almImcpWnINn¯þ[mcnWo kq {Xw (AhtemIntXizc\v Ahtem InXkzcs\¶pw t]cp­v) {Xn]nSI 1060. XmMv þ hwihmgv N Ime¯v ]Snªmdp\n¶papÅ {iaWþ`Kh ²Àa³ ]cn`mjs¸Sp¯nbXv. (]Sn ªmsd¶Xv {]tXyIw {i²n¡Ww. tIcfamWv ]Snªmsd¶vv ap¼v NÀ¨ sNbvXn«p­v) imIyap\n t]mXmfI¯n se AhtemIntXizcsâ sIm«mc ¯nse t_m[naWvU]¯n cXv\ JNnXamb knwlmk\¯nencp¶ cpfp¶p. [mcmfw t_m[nkXzþ almkXz³amÀ: [mcWocmP³, \n[ncmP³, ss`jPycmP³, ss`j PykapZvKX³, AhtemIntXiz c³, alkvXa{]m]vX³, AhXwk I³..., h{PKÀ`³, BImiKÀ`³,

tUm Fkv F³ kZminh³

ssat{Xb³, ka´`{Z³, aRvPp {io, almIiy]sâ t\XrXz¯n [mcmfw {ihIÀ (BX³amÀ), `qan bnsebpw kzÀK¯nsebpw ssZh §Ä, \mKþb£þIn¶cmZnIÄ C §s\ \nch[nt]À At±ls¯ tIÄ¡phm³ F¯nbncp¶p. imIyap\n ssh]pey[mc Wnsb¸än kwkmcn¡p¶ kµÀ` ¯n bZrÑbm AhtemIntXizc sâ Znhy{]` ZnK´§sf kphÀW tim`sIm­p \nd¨p. kqcy\pw N{µ \pw \njv{]`ambn, `qanbpw ]ÀhX §fpw Ipep§n... hnNn{Xamb Cu A\p`hap­mbt¸mÄ [mcWocmP t_m[nkXz³ ]oT¯n \n¶pw F Woäv ssIIq¸ns¡m­v _p²t\mSv C{]Imcw ]dªp. ZnK´§sfÃmw C§s\ kp hÀWtim`bm Pzen¡p¶Xv GXv _p²sâ DZb¯memWv? C¶v B cmWv Adnhnsâ \nXyamb {]Imiw ssIhcn¨Xv? Cu Znhy{]`bpsS DdhnSadn bmsX k`bmsI AÂ`pXs¸SpI bmWv. _p²t\m, t_m[nkXzt\m, {_Òt\m, {ihIt\m, C{µt\m B cmWv C¶v kzmX{´yw ssIhcn ¨Xv? almImcpWnI\mb A§v R§tfmSv BcmWv Cu Znhy{]` bpsS ImcWsa¶v ]dªmepw [mcWocmPt\mSv _p²³ ]dªp: Cu k`bn C¶v Ahtem IntXizcs\¶ Hcp t_m[nkXza lmkXz\pÅXmbn \n§Ä Adn bWw. F®aä IÂ]§Ä ap¼v ap X Zbm]c\mbn ]caImcpWnI \mbn PohI³amsc A\p{Kln¡p ¶ AhtemIntXizc\mWv Cu IÀ ]qcIm´n¡v ImcWambXv. AhtemIntXizc³ Cu k abw FWoäv _p²s\ ssIhW§n Xsâ ssIhiapÅ almImcpWnI [mcWnsb¸än ]dªp: t]mXmfIhpw \oeIWvT[m cWn kw_Ôhpamb `Kh²Àasâ Cu hm¡pIÄ aIchnf¡nsâ cl kyw hyàam¡p¶p. \oeIWvT[m cWn a\pjyÀ¡v e`yambXv Ah temIntXizcsâ Úmt\mZb¯n eqsSbmWv. Cu Úmt\mZb¯n sâ kvacW \ne\nÀ¯p¶ BNmc amWv aIckw{Ia¯n\v s]m¶¼e ta«nse IÀ]qcw I¯n¡epw i_ cnaebnse aIchnf¡v ImgvNbpw. {]mWþkqcysâ Z£nWmb\w IÀ ¡SIkw{Iat¯msS Bcw`n¨v `qan, Pew, Aán F¶n§s\aq¶p aWvUe§Ä (aWvUew: kqcysâ


_p²]£w 400 AYhm 41 Zn\§Ä) ]n¶n«v hrÝnIkw{Ia¯n\v hmbpaWvUew Bcw`n¡p¶p. Cu hmbpaWvUeIm eamWv C¶v BNcn¡s¸Sp¶ 41 Znhks¯ aWvUe {hXw. Cu \mepaWvUe§Ä \mep Zn¡pIsfbpw ]n¶oSv hcp¶ aWvUew tI{µw AYhm t_m[nþaWvU]s¯ {]Xn\n[oIcn¡p¶p. N XpÀ`q X§fpw t_m[kzcq]hpam Wv _u²k¦Â]w. A©ma sXmcp BImiaWvUe¯n \p ]Icw t_m[nhr £¨ph«n se [ym\kzcq]amWv D¯cm b\w Ipdn¡p¶ kqcysâ aIckw{Iaw. AhtemIntX izc t_m[nkXz\v t_mt[mZ bw km[yambn [Àaþimkv Xmhmb ZnhkamWv aIckw {Im´n. t]mXmfI¯nse ap¼v ]dbs¸« _p²sâ BK a\hpw k`bpw \S¶Xv Hcp aIckw{Iat¯mS\p_Ôn ¨msW¶v CXn\m Duln ¡mw. ImeN{IX{´hpambn _Ôs¸« k¦Â]amWnXv. Hmtcm t_m[nkXz\pw Xsâ [Àam[nImcw G¡p¶Xv bYmhn[nbpÅ A`ntjI ¯neqsSbpw apIpS[mcW ¯neqsSbpamWv. i_cnae bnsebpw CXct£{X§fn sebpw A`ntjI§fpsS Dd hnSw _u²mNmcWamsW¶v tcJIÄ kqNn¸n¡p¶p. ln µpt£{X§fnse hn{Kl§ Ä ]eXpw, ZmcpinÂ]§Ä, A`ntjIw km[yamIp¶ km lNcyaÃ. aWvUe{hXw \oeIWvT[mcWn¡v BapJ ambn AhtemIntXizc³ [mc WnbpsS iànbpw D]tbmKhpw aäpw hniZoIcn¡p¶ Iq«¯n a{´w ^ew sN¿p¶ Xn\v {hXw AhiyamsW¶ Imcyw hyàam¡p¶p.

_u²]c¼c A\pimkn¡p¶ aq¶p\nba§Ä Ch bmWv. 1. kky`£Ww 2. ]qÀhmÓ¯n am{Xw `£Ww Ign¡pI 3. ]©ioew (Alnwk A\rXm ZnIÄ) FÃm PohPme§fnepw kaZÀinIXbmWv Cu hmbp aWvUe¯nsâ {]tXyIX. \mepaWvUe§Ä am{Xta `uXnIambn _u²Nn´ Aw KoIcn¡p¶pÅq. t_m[nk Xz\mIWsa¶pÅ DÂISam b A`nemj¯nsâ \nZm\am Wv t]mXmfI¯nse \oeI WvTþtemtIizcs\ tXSnbp Å XoÀYbm{X. _u²`qan bnse F«pXe§Ä Ignªp Å BtcmlWamWv Icnae bpw \oenaebpw F¶v a\Ên em¡nbm A¿¸³amcpsS aeIbä¯nsâ X¯zcl kyw a\Ênem¡mw. _u²m \pjvTm\§fpsS ImXemb ka´`{Zþt_m[nkXzsâ ` {ZNcnsb ASnØm\am¡n bmWv aWvUe{hXw \nÀZnjv Sambncn¡p¶Xv. apIfn D²cn¡s¸« almImcpWnI[mcWn _p² sâ h{Pbm\þXt¯zm]tZi ¯nemWv Ahkm\n¡p¶Xv. s]m¶¼etaSpw i_cnae bpw h{Pbm\¯nsâ \nKqV tI{µ§fmbncp¶ncn¡mw F ¶v Xn_änse emaamcpsS A \pjvTm\§sf Bkv]Zam ¡n Duln¡mw. tIcf¯nepw t\¸mfnepw Xn_änepw C¶pw Hcpt]mse ZriyamIp¶ ]tKm U amXrIbnepÅ t£{X§Ä hnNn{Xamb Hcp Ncn{XmXoXIme _mÔhw kqNn ¸n¡p¶pap­v. (XpScpw...)

1. AhXwkIkq{Xw t_mt[mZb¯n\ptijw 21 Znhk§fnembpÅ t_m[nhr£¨ph«nse ImetZimXoXamb sshtcm N\þ_p²sâ {]hN\§fpsS kw{KlamWv. GgpØe§fpw H¼Xp k`Ifpw CXn {]Xy£s¸«p ImWp¶p. 39þmw A[ymbw Bcw`n¡p¶Xv aRvPp{iobpsS AacmhXnbnse kvXq]w AYhm kwLmcma¯nemWv. ChnsS kp[\³ Kpcphns\tXSnbpÅ bm{Xbn aRvPp{iosb I­pap«p¶p. A©pw ]¯pw c­pambn ]dbs¸Sp¶ t_m[nk¯zXe§Ä ]n¶n«v Ahkm\w kp[\³ _p²\mbn amdp¶ IYbnemWv 28þmaXp t_m[nk¯z\mb AhtemIntXizcs\ t]mXmfI¯v kÔn¡p¶Xv. 2. atha khalu sudhanah sresthidarako... anupurvena yena potalakah parvatas tenaupasamkramya potalakam parvatam abhiruhya avalokitesvaram bodhisattvamparimargan parigavesamano draksid avalokitesvaram bodhisattvam pascimadikparvata-utsange utsasarahprasravana upasobhitenilatarunakundalakajatamrdusadvalatale mahavanavivare vajraratnasilayam paryankam baddhva upavistam nanaratnasila-talanisanna aparimanabodhisattvaganaparivrtam dharmam desayamanam sarvajagatsamgrahavisayam mahamaitrimahakarunamukha- udyotam nama dharmaparyayamsamprakasayantam

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

25


_p²]£w {]nb kZvKab 9446080996

_u²-kw-kvImcw Hcp ]T\w _nw_n-kmc cmPmhv Xsâ cmP-y-¯nsâ ]mXn Ah-Imiw \ÂIm-sa¶`yÀYn-¨-t¸mÄ KuX-a³ C{]-Imcw ]d-ªp. ""almcm-Pmth, kÀ]-§-tftbm sImSpw-Im-änt\tbm Aán-sbtbm F\n¡v `b-an-Ã. kpJ-t`m-K-§sf Rm³ shdp-¡p-¶p. a\p-j-y\v Hcn-¡epw kpJ-t`m-K-§-fn Xr]vXn-h-cp-¶n-Ã. I¯n-sb-cn-bp¶ hbvt¡mÂIq\t]mse-bmWv kpJ-t`m-K-§Ä. hym-tam-l-¯nÂs¸«v AXns\ kao-]n-¨m Nm¼embn t]mIpw.

C

³U-y-bpsS hS-¡p-{]-tZ-i§-fn tKm{X-hÀK kaq-l§-fpsS XIÀ¨sb XpSÀ ¶v Imcp-W-y-c-ln-X-amb iàn-IÄ D bÀ¶p-h¶ Ime-L-«-¯n-emWv {io _p-²³ cwK-{]-thiw sN¿p-¶-Xv. {InkvXp-hn\v ap¼v 623  ln am-e-b-¯nsâ ]mÀi-z-§-fn BZnXy tKm{X-¯nÂs¸« imI-y-·m-cn-emW-t±lw P\n-¨-Xv. imI-y-·mÀ tIm ke cmPmhnsâ Iogn B`-y-´c Imc-y-§-fn kzm-X-{´-y-ap-ff hÀK¡m-cm-bn-cp-¶p. cmP-Øm-\-t¯m-SpIqSn \mb-I-Xzw hln-¡p-¶-Xn\v {] `p-hns\ Xnc-sª-Sp-¡p-I-sb-¶-Xmbn-cp¶p A¶s¯ \m«p-\-S-¸v. A §s\ Xnc-sª-Sp-¡-s¸« Hcp cmPm-

26

Infn¸ - m«v

hm-bn-cp¶p ipt²m-[\cmPm-hv. cm P-y-Im-c-y-§Ä \nÀh-ln-¡p-¶-Xn-\pth­n I]nehkvXp-hn-em-sW-¦n epw At±-l-¯nsâ Xmakw epw_n\n-bn-em-bn-cp-¶p. ambm-tZhn, Ku-Xan F¶n-h-cm-bn-cp¶p `mc-y-amÀ. ipt²m[\cmPmhnsâ epw_n-\n-bn-ep-ff DZ-ym-\-¯nÂh¨v ambm-tZ-hn-bn sshim-J-am-k-¯nse ]uÀWan \m fn (shfp-¯-hmhp Znh-kw) ]qbw \£-{X-¯n P\n¨ ]p{X-\m-bn-cp ¶p {io_p-²³. Ipªv P\n¨v G gmw Znhkw ambm-tZhn acn-¡p-Ibpw, A¶p-ap-X A½-bpsS hmÂk-e-y hpw kvt\lhpw \ÂIn hfÀ¯n-b Xv KuX-an-bm-bn-cp-¶p. kn²mÀY-s\ ¶pw, KuX-a-s\¶pw, kÀ-hmÀ[-kn-

²-s\¶pw At±-ls¯ Adn-b-s¸-«p. t_mt[mZbw t\Snb tij-amWv A t±lw _p²-\m-b-Xv. ]n¡m-e-§-fn  t_m[n-¡p-ap-¼pff Ime-§sf kqNn- ¸ n- ¡ p- t ¼mÄ At±- l s¯ t_m[nkX-z-s\¶pw ]d-ªn-cp-¶p. "t_m[n-k-X-z-s\-¶mÂ' Úm\-¯n\p-th­n {]b-Xv\n-¡p¶ Pohn F ¶ÀYw. a\p-jy Pohn-X-¯nsâ ZpxJ§fpw Zpcn-X§fpw At±-ls¯ Nn ´m-Ip-e-\m-¡n. tcmKw, hmÀ[-Iyw, a cWw F¶o ZpxJ-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v kZm Nn´n-¨p-sIm-­n-cp-¶p. C¯cw Im c-y-§-sf-¡p-dn-s¨m¶pw, Nn´n-¡msXbpw ]cn-lmcw ImWm-sXbpw aÂk-cn¨pw, aÃ-Sn¨pw Ign-bp¶ P\-


_p²]£w §-fpsS hnthI iq\-y-Xsb]än At±lw ]cn-X-]n-¨p. ZpxJ-¯nsâ ]cn-lmcs¯¡pdn¨v Nn´n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw, At\-z-jn-¡p-¶-Xn\pw Krl-Po-hnXw XS-Ê-amsW¶v At±-l-¯n-\p-tXm-¶n-b-Xn-\m hoSp-hn«v k\y-kn-¡phm³ Xocp-am-\n¨p. 29 hb-Êp-f-f-t¸mÄ _p²³ Xs¶ ]d-bp¶p ""Rm³ bphm-hm-bn-cp-¶p-sh¦nepw Fsâ Hcp Xe-ap-Sn-t]mepw \c-¨n-cp-¶n-sÃ-¦nepw Rm³ hnc-à-\mbn XoÀ¶p-sh-¶v''. amXm-]n-Xm-¡-fpsS hnem-]-§-sfm¶pw IW-¡n-se-Sp-¡msX £ucw sNbvXv Imjmb-thjw [cn¨v Krl-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]pd-s¸-«p. At¸m-tg ¡pw At±lw btim-[-c-sb¶ ka-h-b-Êp-ff I\-y-Isb hnhmlw sNbvXn-cp¶p. Ah-cpsS ]p{X-\mbn cmlpe³ P\n-¡p-Ibpw, Ipªv P\n-¨-Xnsâ 7þmw Znhkw At±lw Krl-X-ymKw sN¿p-Ibpw D­m-bn. I]n-e-h-kvXp-hn \n¶pw aK-[-bnse Imem-a³ F¶ Xm]-ksâ injyXzw kzo-I-cn¨v kam-[nsb ]cn-]qÀW-ambn kzm-b-¯-am-¡n-sb-¦nepw At±-l¯nsâ {]iv\-§Ä¡pw kwi-b-§Ä¡pw ]cn-lm-c-am-bn-Ã. A\-´cw kn²mÀ Y³ cmP-Kr-l-¯n sN¶p. AÊm-am-\y tXP-Ên-\m BIr-jvS-\mb aK[ `cn¨n-cp¶ _nw_n-kmc alm-cm-Pmhv kn²mÀY\v Øm\-am-\-§Ä \ÂIm³ k¶²-\m-bn-cp-¶psh¦nepw Imtam-]-t`m-K-§-fn hnc-à-\mbn Ign-ªn-cp¶ At±lw "Ducpth-e-¯nÂ' sN¶v ITn\X]-Ê-\p-jvTn-¡p-I-bp-­m-bn. _nw_n-kmc cmPmhv Xsâ cmP-y-¯nsâ ]mXn Ah-Imiw \ÂIm-sa¶ `yÀYn-¨-t¸mÄ KuX-a³ C{]-Imcw ]d-ªp. ""almcm-Pmth, kÀ]-§-tftbm sImSpw-Im-änt\tbm Aán-sbtbm F\n¡v `b-an-Ã. kpJ-t`m-K-§sf Rm³ sh dp-¡p-¶p. a\p-j-y\v Hcn-¡epw kpJ-t`m-K-§-fn Xr]vXn-h-cp-¶n-Ã. I¯n-sb-cnbp¶ hbvt¡mÂIq\t]mse-bmWv kpJ-t`m-K-§Ä. hym-tam-l-¯nÂs¸«v AXns\ kao-]n-¨m Nm¼embn t]mIpw. euIn-I-kp-J-§Ä B]-¯p-£-Wn ¨p hcp-¯p-¶p. bmK-§sf Rm³ shdp-¡p-¶p. Pohn-Isf thZ-\n-¸n¨v AXnsâ ^ew `pPn-¡m³ Rm\m-{K-ln-¡p-¶n-Ã. \nÊ-lm-b-\mb Hcp Pohnsb sImÃp¶Xv `mhn-bn tamjw t\Sp-hm³ th­n-bm-bmÂt]mepw Zbm-io-e-ap-ff lrZbm-ep-hmb Hcp a\p-j-y\pw tNÀ¶ IrX-y-a-Ã. asämcp Pohnsb ]oUn-¸n-¡p ¶XnÂ, Cu temI¯v HcmÄ¡p-­m-Ip¶ B\-µs¯t]mepw _p²nbpw Zbbp-ap-ff a\p-j-y³ shdp-¡p-t¼mÄ ]c-tem-I-¯nse kpJ-¯n-\p-th­n A§s\sN¿p-¶Xv lo\-{]-hr-¯n-bm-Wv. ASp¯ P·-¯nse t\«-§Ä¡v th­n {]hÀ¯n-t¡-­-XnÃ''. At±lw Ducp-th-e-¯n sN¶v lTtbmKw ]cn-io-en¨v C{µn-b-Pbhpw, at\m-\n-{K-lhpw km[n-¨p-sh-¦nepw At±-l-¯nsâ {]iv\-§Ä¡v ]cnlm-c-ap-­m-bn-Ã. ]n¶oSv 7 hÀjw hnhn[ \njvT-IÄ ioen¨p-sIm­v At±-l-ahnsS Ign-¨p-Iq-«n. Imas¯ Pbn-¨-ÃmsX X]-Êp-sIm­v Hcp {]tbm-P-\-hp-an-Ãmsb¶pw, Imaw, t{Zml-Nn´, lnwk F¶o aq¶p ZpÀhn-XÀ¡-§sf \njvIm-aw, Ah-ym-]mcw, Alnwk F¶o aq¶p kZ-zn-XÀ¡-§-sf-s¡m­v At±lw Pbn-¨p. HSp-hn CsXÃmw Dt]£n¨v ]qÀW-ambpw [ym-\-¯n-te¡v Xncn-ªp.

ITn-\-X-]-Ê-\p-jvTn¨-Xnsâ ^e-ambn imco-cnIt¢i-§Ä hf-scb-[nIw A\p-`-hn-¡p-Ibpw CS-bv¡n sS D¯-am-lm-c-§Ä `£n-¡p-Ibpw icoc-¯n-\Â]w _ew h¶m ho ­pw D]-hm-km-Zn-IÄsIm­v kz-ico-cs¯ t¢in-¸n-¡pIbpw sNbvXncp-¶p. Fsâ icocw timjn¨p t]m I-s«-sb¶pw, At\Iw Xt]m-\p-jv Tm-\-§ÄsIm­v e`n-¡p-hm³ {]bmk-ap-ff Úm\s¯ {]m]n-¡msX Cu Ccp-¸nÂ\n¶v icocw Cf-Ip-¶X-Ãm-sb¶ ZrV-{]-Xn-Ú-tbmsS, sshcm-K-yt¯msS ]qÀW _²m-k\-\mbn _olm-dnse t_m[vKb-bn se t_m[n-hr-£-Np-h-«n Ccp¶v sshimJ ]uÀWan cm{Xn-bn t_m[n-k-X-z-\mb KuX-a\v XX-zt_m[w (kw-t_m-[n-Úm-\w) e`n¨p. A¶p-ap-X At±lw _p²-s\ ¶v Adn-b-s¸-Sp-I-bp-­m-bn. _p²-\nep-Zn¨ XX-z-Úm\w \mev Bc-y-kX-y-§fpsS t_m[-am-bn-cp-¶p. ZpxJw, ZpxJ-¯nsâ DÂ`hw, ZpxJ-\n-tcm[w, B ZpxJ-¯n³ \ntcm[\amÀKw, \sÃm-c-jvSmw-K-amÀKhpw BWv Bcy-k-X-y-§Ä. P\\w ZpxJIm-c-W-am-Ip-¶p. Pcbpw hym-[nbpw ac-Whpw ZpxJ-¯n\p Imc-W-am-Ip¶p. CjvS-P-\-hn-tbm-Khpw, CjvS-\mihpw, A\n-jvS-em-`hpw, ZpxJ-P-\-I§-fm-Ip-¶p. kpJ-sa¶p hnNm-cn-¡p¶Xpw {]Xo-£n-¡p-¶Xpw ZpxJ-am bn A\p-`-h-s¸-Sp-¶p. ZpxJ-¯nsâ kv]Ài-an-ÃmsX tIh-e-amb kpJw Hcn-¡epw {]]-©-¯n-e-\p-`-h-s¸-Sp¶n-Ã. CXmWv ZpxJ-sa¶ Bc-y-kX-yw. a\-Êns\ \nb-{´n¨v ico-c s¯ \ntbm-Kn-¡p¶ XrjvW-bmWv ZpxJ-Im-cWw F¶-XmWv c­m-a s¯ Bc-y-k-X-yw. AXv {]m]-©n-Ihn-j-b-§-fn \n¶p kpJhpw, Xr ]vXnbpw e`n-¡p-sa¶v hym-tam-ln-¸n¡p-¶p. XrjvWbv¡v ASn-a-s¸-«-hÀ AX-\p-k-cn¨v hnthIwsI«p {]hÀ ¯n-¡p-Ibpw, B XrjvWsb ssh cm-K-yw-sIm-­p ]qÀW-ambn \ntcm-[n¡p-Ibpw, Xy-Pn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶Xp-sIm­v ZpxJ-¯n \n¶v tamN \w e`-y-am-Ipw. Cu ZpxJ-amWv aq¶mas¯ Bc-y-k-X-yw. P·-ar-Xyp, Pcmh-ym[n, ZpxJ-tZm-jm-\p-ZÀi-\w-sIm ­v {]]©w ZpxJ-a-bhpw A\m-ßIhpw A\n-X-y-hp-am-sW¶ t_m[w D­m-Ip-t¼mÄ sshcm-K-y-ambn Xocp¶p. Cu sshcm-Kyw sIm­p am{X ta XrjvWsb Pbn-¡p-hm³ Ign-bpI-bp-f-fq. ZpxJ \ntcm-[-\-¯n-te¡v F¯n-¡p¶ hgnsb \mem-as¯ Bc-y-k-X-y-ambpw ImWp-¶p. (XpS-cpw)

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

27


Ac§v Nn³abv apcfn 99959 32449

A[n\mSI¯nsâ kuµcyimkv{Xw A

ll the world’s stage And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts (Shakespeare 212) As You Like It se Pm

¡nsâ Cu Bß`mj Ww (Monologue) tem Is¯ Hcp thZn (Theatre) tbmSpw Po hnXs¯ Hcp \mSI t¯mSpw XmcXay s¸Sp¯p¶p. temI amIp¶ thZnbnse A`nt\Xm¡fmWv Hmtcm a\pjycpw. thZn, PohnXw, A`n\ btemIw, bmYmÀY temIw Ch X½nep Å AXnÀhc¼pIÄ ]et¸mgpw t\À¯Xpw Akv]jvShpamWv. Pohn Xw Xs¶ Hcp Xc¯nep Å A`n\bambn amdpt¼m Ä thZn F¶Xv Hcp PohnXco Xnbmbn amdp¶p. A`n\bta Xv? bmYmÀYytaXv? kXytaXv? anYytbXv? C¯cw tNmZy§fmWv A[n\mSIsa¶ Bib¯n\m [mcw. A[n\mSIs¯ Ipdn¨pÅ eb W G_ensâ (Lionel Abel) ]T\ §fmWv Cu \mSIcq]s¯ kw_ Ôn¡p¶ Kuchtadnb NÀ¨IÄ ¡v XpS¡an«Xv. G_ Xsâ Metatheatre: A New View of Dramatic Form(1963) F¶ cN\bn A[n\m

SI¯nsâ km[yXIsfbpw kuµ cyimkv{Xs¯bpw Ipdn¨v hniZam bn {]Xn]mZn¡p¶p. "ZmÀi\nI]c amb Bßt_m[apÅ \mSI§Ä ("Plays with a philosophical self

28

Infn¸ - m«v

consciousness) F¶mWv G_ A [n\mSI§sf hntijn¸n¡p¶Xv. C¯cw \mSI§sf At±lw "Meta theatre' (saämXntbäÀ) F¶pw "Meta play' (saämt¹) F¶pw t]cn«p hnfn¨p. G_ensâ A`n{]mb¯n A[n\mSI§Ä PohnXs¯ AXn sâ klPamb \mSIobXtbmSpIq Sn¯s¶ AhXcn¸n¡p¶p. A[n \mSI§fnse IYm]m{X§Ä X§ fpsS \mSIobXsb Ipdn¨v ]qÀW t_m[yapÅhcmWv. a\pjya\Ên

sâ hn]peoIrX amXrIIfmWv A [n\mSI§sf¶v G_ Is­ ¯p¶p. hyhØm]nX \nba§tfm Spw N«¡qSpItfmSpw Ieln ¨psIm­v IqSpX `mh \mßIamb Hcp temI ¯n\p th­nbpÅ a\p jya\Ênsâ AS§m ¯ CÑbmWv A[n\m SI§fn {]Xn^en ¡p¶Xv. skÀhm´ knsâ tUm¬IznIv tkm«ns\ (Don Quixote) bmWv A[n \mSI IYm]m{X §fpsS D¯a amXr Ibmbn G_ Nq ­n¡m«p¶Xv. Pohn Xs¯ AXnsâ CÑ s¡m¯v k©cn¡m ³ A\phZn¡msX, X sâ PohnX kmlNcy §fpsS krjvSmhmbn kzbw Ahtcm[n¨v, Xm \pÄs¸Sp¶ temIw Xsâ CÑs¡m¯pbcmXmIp t¼mÄ, bmYmÀYys¯ `mh \bneqsS XInSw adn¡p¶ tUm¬ IznIvtkm«v Xsâ PohnX ¯nsâ \mSIobXsb¡pdn¨v ]qÀ Wt_m[hm\msW¶v G_ Nq ­n¡m«p¶p: Rm³ kqNn¸n¨ \mSI§Ä¡v s]mXphmb Hcp khntijXbp­v. AhsbÃmw Xs¶ PohnX¯nsâ \mSIobXsb¡pdn¨pÅ cwKmhn jvImc§fmWv. AXmbXv IYm]m {X§Ä thZnbn \n¡m³ Imc Ww \mSIIr¯v Ahsc A§s\ sN¿m³ ]Tn¸n¨XpsIm­Ã. ]I cw, X§fpsS \ne\n¸v "\mSIob' amsW¶ AhcpsS Xncn¨dnhmWv Ahsc AXn\v t{]cn¸n¡p¶Xv. F ´mWv Ahsc \mSIobam¡nbXv? an¯pIÄ, CXnlmk§Ä, kmln


Ac§v Xyw, `qXw, Asæn Ah kzbtah... Zpc´ \mSI A[n\mSI§fmbn amdp¶p' (tlm¬_n 31). tlm¬ §fn \n¶pw hyXykvXambn AhcpsS \mSIobX _nbpsS A`n{]mb¯nÂ, A[n\mSI§Ä \mSIsa sb¡pdn¨v AhÀ Xs¶ t_m[apÅhcmWv (134þ35). ¶ ZriyIesb¯s¶ Bßt_m[t¯msS hnebncp ¯p¶p. DZmlcW¯n\v, Hcp \mSIw F§s\ AhX tjIvkv]nbdpsS As You Like It  \n¶pw XpS§p cn¸n¡p¶p F¶v ImWnIsf t_m[ys¸Sp¯p¶Xn ¶ G_Â, ]ncm³sUtembpsSbpw, P\änsâbpw, km \mbn \mSI¯n\pÅn asämcp \mSIw (Play within a aph s_¡änsâbpw {]XymhÀ¯I§fmb (Self play) AhXcn¸nt¨¡mw. reflexive) \mSI§fn A A[n\mSI§fnse IYm]m [n\mSImwi§Ä Is­ {X§Ä Bßt_m[t¯m ¯p¶p. CXnhr¯¯nsâ sSXs¶, thZnbnepÅ X§ bpw (Plot), IYm]m{X§fp fpsS PohnXw bYmÀYasà dn¨mÀUv tlm¬_n sSbpw (Character) km¦Â ¶pw X§Ä A`n\bn¡pI ]nIX (fictiveness) sb Nq bmsW¶pw ImWnItfmSv ­n¡m«ns¡m­v, Ahsb hnfn¨p]dtª¡mw. AhÀ At±lw "\mSIIr¯nsâ \mSIs¯¡pdn¨v ]ckv Is­¯epIÄ' F¶v hn ]cw kwkmcnt¨¡mw. A[n tijn¸n¡p¶p. bmYmÀYy \mSI§Ä \½psS Ah ¯n\p t\tc ]nSn¨ I®mSn t_m[s¯¡pdn¨pÅhbm bmWv \mSI§sf¶ "dnb Wv; \½psS A\p`h§sf enÌv' [mcWsb G_ C \msa§s\ \mSIcq]¯n XneqsS {]iv\hÂIcn¡p  kwtbmPn¸n¡p¶psh ¶p. A[n\mSI§sf G_ ¶v Ah \t½mSv ]dbp¶p.  hntijn¸n¡p¶Xv tlm¬_nbpsS \nco£ "Theatre pieces about life, seen W¯n A[n\mSI§Ä as already theatricalized' F PohnXs¯ {]Xn^en¸n ¶mWv(61). c­v {][m\s¸«

A[n\mSI§fnse IYm]m{X§Ä Bßt_m[t¯msSXs¶, thZnbnepÅ X§fpsS PohnXw bYmÀYasöpw X§Ä A`n\bn¡pIbmsW¶pw ImWnItfmSv hnfn¨p]dtª¡mw.

¡p¶nÃ, Ah kzbw {]Xn Is­¯epIfpambn G_ ^en¸n¡p¶p(17). tlm¬  Xsâ ]T\w Ahkm\n _nbpsS Cu \nco£Ww ¸n¡p¶p. \mSIs¯ Ipdn¡p¶ km « temIw Hcp thZnbmWv {¼ZmbnI \nÀhN\§sf « PohnXw Hcp kz]v\amWv. shÃphnfn¡p¶p. Zpc´ \m CXn BZys¯ {]kv SIs¯ (Tragedy) AcntÌm Xmh\ AÀYam¡p¶Xv «n "imitation of an action' temIsa¶Xv a\pjya\ F¶v \nÀhNn¨t¸mÄ lm Êm£nbpsS {]Xn^e\am ky\mSIs¯ (comedy) kn Wv F¶XmWv. hn[n F¶ ktdm "imitation of life, the Xv amän adn¡s¸Sm¯X glass of customs and image of söpw, \ne\n¸v F¶Xv truth' F¶v \nÀhNn¨p (qtd. Xs¶ kz]v\kZriyamsW ¶pw c­mas¯ {]kvXmh in \yqbn 6 ). \mSIs¯¡p eqbn ]ncm³Utem \ AÀYam¡p¶p. dn¨pÅ C¯cw "¢mkn¡ G_en\p tijw, A[n Â' [mcWIÄ, \mSI§Ä \mSIs¯ kw_Ôn¡p a\pjyPohnXs¯ {]Xn^ ¶ {][m\]T\§Ä dn¨mÀ en¸n¡m\pÅhbmsW¶ Nn´sbbmWv Du«nbpd¸n Uv tlm¬_n (Richard ¡p¶Xv. Hornby) bptSXmWv. A[n\mSIs¯ {]mtbmKnI Xe \mSIs¯¡pdn¨pÅ "¢mkn¡Â' [mcWIsf ¯n hnebncp¯p¶XmWv tlm¬_nbpsS {Uma, G_ens\bpw tlm¬_nsbbpw t]mepÅ \ncq]IÀ saäm{Uma B³Uv s]Àsk]vj³ (Drama, Metadrama ]p\chtemI\w sN¿p¶p. PohnXw amän adn¡m³ and Perception)(1986). \mSIs¯¡pdn¨pÅ \mSIw Ignbm¯h®w kXyamsW¶v ]c¼cmKX \mSI§ F¶mWv tlm¬_n A[n\mSIs¯ hntijn¸n¡p Ä \t½mSp]dbpt¼mÄ ]caamb kXysas¶m¶nsà ¶Xv. "\mSI¯nsâ {]tabw GsX¦nepw Xc¯n ¶pw DÅXv BJymbnIIÄ (fiction) am{XamsW¶pw \mSIw Xs¶bmbn amdpt¼mÄ, A¯cw \mSI§Ä A[n\mSI§Ä \s½ t_m[ys¸Sp¯p¶p. ]¨bmb

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

29


Ac§v

PohnX¯nsâ bYmÀYmhnjvImc §Ä F¶v kzbw hntijn¸n¡p¶ ]c¼cmKX Zpc´\mSI§Ä Ime lcWs¸s«¶pw, AhbpsS D¯cm [p\nI "_ZÂ' A[n\mSI§fm sW¶pw G_ ]dbp¶p (112). ""A[n\mSI¯nse "A[n' F¶ ]qÀh{]Xybw "A¸pd¯v' F¶Xn s\kqNn¸n¡p¶p. AXpsIm­p Xs¶ \mSI¯n\¸pd¯pÅ \mS I§fmWv A[n\mSI§Ä. \mSI ¯n\Is¯ Ir{XnaXzhpw Im]Sy hpw Xncn¨dnbm³ Ah t{]£Isc t{]cn¸n¡p¶p''(56) A[n\mSI§ fn s]mXphmbn I­phcp¶ A©v `n¶kt¦X§sf tlm¬ _n Nq­n¡m«p¶p: « \mSI¯n\Is¯ \mSIw (Play within a play) « \mSI¯n\Is¯ BNmc§fpw NS§pIfpw (The ceremony within a play) « \mSI¯n\Is¯ \mSyw (Role playing within the role ) « kmlnXykw_Ônbpw PohnX kw_Ônbpamb ]cmaÀi§Ä (Literary and real life references) « Bß]cmaÀiw (Self reference) \mSI¯n\pÅnse \mSI¯n eqsS IYm]m{X§Ä asämcp \mSI ¯n\v ImgvN¡mcmIp¶p. C¯c ¯nÂ, X§Ä ImgvN¡mcmb \mSI hpw shdpsamcp amb¡mgvNbmsW ¶v AXv t{]£Isc HmÀas¸Sp¯p ¶p. DÂkh§Ä, tLmjbm{XI

30

Infn¸ - m«v

Ä, aÂkc¡fnIÄ, A\pjvTm\§ Ä, Fgp¶Å¯pIÄ, ihkwkvIm cNS§pIÄ, ]«m`ntjIw, hnNmc W, h[in£ XpS§nbhsbÃmw \mSI¯n\pÅnse BNmc§fpw A\pjvTm\§fpw F¶ hn`mK¯n Âs]Sp¶p. ChsbÃmw tIhew AhXcW§Ä (Performance) am{X amsW¶pw AhsbÃmw bmYmÀYy ¯n \n¶pw hfsc AIsebmsW ¶pw t{]£IÀ Xncn¨dnbp¶p. Cu coXnbnÂ, a\pjysâ AhXcW anIhns\ t{]£IÀ¡v Im«ns¡mSp ¯psIm­v thZnbnsebpw PohnX ¯nsebpw a\pjysâ AhXcW §Ä F§s\ anI¨XmIp¶psh¶v A[n\mSI§Ä Ahsc t_m[y s¸Sp¯p¶p(55). Hcp IYm]m{Xw ]qÀWt_m[ t¯mSpw k½Xt¯mSpw IqSn asäm cmfmbn A`n\bn¡p¶XmWv tlm ¬_n kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. "\mSI¯n \pÅnse \mSyw'. IYm]m{X§fpsS C¯cw \mSy§Ä \nXyPohnX¯n se X§fpsS \mSy§sf Ipdn¨v t{]£Isc Nn´n¸n¡p¶p. thj §fpw thj¸IÀ¨IfpaÃmsX a säm¶paà PohnXsa¶v AhÀ Xncn ¨dnbp¶p. kmlnXykw_Ônbpw, PohnXkw_Ônbpamb ]cmaÀi §fpw \mSI¯nsâ \mSIobXsb XIÀ¡p¶p. kmlnXykw_Ôn bmb ]cmaÀi§Ä \mev Xc¯nep ­v: D²cWn (citation), cq]Iw (allegory), lmkym\pIcWw, A\p cq]oIcWw (adaptation). C¯cw ]cmaÀi§Ä Xncn¨dnbp¶XneqsS

\mSIw Hcp IemkrjvSnbmsW ¶pw AXv aämcmtem FgpXs¸«Xm sW¶pw, AXpsIm­pXs¶ \mSI ¯n\pÅnse PohnXw shdpw `mh \mkrjvSnbmsW¶pw P\§Ä Xn cn¨dnbp¶p. Hcp IYm]m{Xw Hcp \nanjt¯ ¡v Xsâ "\mSIob' PohnX¯n \n¶pw ]pd¯pNmSpIbpw, AbmÄ t\cn«v t{]£Isc A`nkwt_m[ \sN¿pIbpw sN¿pt¼mÄ kw`hn ¡p¶XmWv kz]cmaÀiw. s]s«¶p ­mIp¶Xpw, t\cn«pÅXpamb kz ]cmaÀi§Ä \mSI¯nsâ FÃm Xcw `mh\mtemI§sfbpw XIÀ s¯dnbpIbpw, X§Ä km£yw h ln¡p¶Xv tIhew Hcp "HgnhpIme hnt\mZ'¯n\msW¶v ( playing holiday) t{]£Isc HmÀan¸n¡pI bpw sN¿pw(104). C¯cw kt¦X§ Ä¡v ]pdsa, \mSIs¯ CXnhr¯ am¡p¶ \mSI§fpw, \mSIIr¯p ¡Ä IYm]m{X§fmIp¶ \mSI §fpsaÃmw A[n\mSI§fmWv (\yqbn26) Zpc´\mSI§fpsS D¯cm[p \nI _ZemWv A[n\mSI§sf¶ G_ensâ \nco£Ww At§bäw AÀY]qÀWamWv. D¯cm[p\nIX (Post-modernism) bpsS apJyamb k hntijXIfnsem¶v A[nIYm (saäm^n£³) kt¦X§fmWv . t]cv kqNn¸n¡pwt]mseXs¶ A[nIYtbmSv tNÀ¶p \n¡p¶ hbmWv A[n\mSI§Ä. D¯cm[p \nIkrjvSnIfpsS Hcp {][m\e£ Wambn¯s¶ A[nIY/ A[n\mS


Ac§v I kt¦X§sf ImWmhp¶XmWv. kXy¯nsâbpw anYybpsSbpw hy hØm]nX [mcWIsf tNmZyw sN ¿p¶XneqsS Ah D¯cm[p\nIam Ip¶p. A[n\mSI¯n\pw A[nI Ybv¡pw s]mXphmbpÅ Hcp khn tijX Ah Fgp¯pImcsâ (Omniscient author) kÀhm[n]Xy s¯ tNmZyw sN¿p¶p F¶pÅXm Wv. IYm]m{X§fpsS `qXhpw `mhn bpw Xocpam\n¡p¶, Ahsc Xsâ NcSphen¡\pkrXambn Nen¡p ¶ ]mhIfmbn ImWp¶ Fgp¯p Imcsâ/ kwhn[mbIsâ B[nIm cnIXsb Ah shÃphnfn¡p¶p. eqbn ]ncm³UtembpsS Six Characters in Search of an Author

teXpt]mse IYm]m{X§Ä X§ fpsS CÑm\pkcWw thZnsb ]p\À \nÀan¡p¶p. Ah kwhn[mbItcm Spw Fgp¯pImtcmSpw Ieln¨p sIm­v X§fpsS kzXzs¯ ]p\À \nÀan¡p¶p. ]c¼cmKX\mSIw F¶Xv Hcp _rlZmJym\amWv. A[n\mSI§ Ä X§fpsS D¯cm[p\nIamb kz Xz¯neq¶ns¡m­v ]c¼cmKX \mSI k¦Â]s¯ tNmZyw sN¿p ¶p. bmYmÀYy (realistic) \mSI§Ä bmYmÀYy(real) sa¶ kwÚsb hnIeambn Nn{XoIcn¡p¶p. bmYm ÀYy¯nsâ "\nÀanX' (constructed) kz`mhs¯ Ah XakvIcn¡p¶p. bmYmÀYy¯n\p t\tc ]nSn¨ I ®mSnbmbn Ah kzbw Ahtcm[n ¡pIbpw AXphgn kaql¯nsâ "\nÀanX' kz`mhs¯ hnkvacn¡p Ibpw sN¿p¶p. kaqlw F¶Xv tIhesamcmJymbnI (fiction) bm Wv. \mSI¯nteXn\v kam\ambn AXnse icn sXäpIÄ "\nÀan¡' s¸«hbmWv. ]eXcw hmÀ]pamXr IÄ (stereotypes) BWv AXnsâ \ne\n¸n\m[mcw. aXw, ssZhw, {]Xybimkv{Xw XpS§nb _rl ZmJym\§fneqsS icn/sXäv, k Xyw/anYy, bmYmÀYyw/k¦Â]w, kv{Xo / ]pcpj³ XpS§nb Zzµz§ Ä \nÀan¡s¸«ncn¡p¶p. ImWp¶sXt´m AXv bmYmÀ YyamWv F¶Xv s]mXpaXw. kz´w I®pIfm ImWpI F¶Xv ]ca amb bmYmÀYyamIp¶p. AXn\m emWv Rms\sâ kz´w I®pIÄ sIm­v I­XmWv F¶v ]dbp¶ Xv. A[n\mSI§Ä C¯cw s]mÅ ¯c§sf {]iv\hÂIcn¡p¶p. ImgvN¡v ]n¶nse Im]Sys¯ Ah Xpd¶p ImWn¡p¶p. X§Ä shdpw A`n t\Xm¡fmsW¶v IYm]m{X

Kn¨ncn¡p¶p. IÀWmSnsâ lbhZ \bpw A[n\mSIamWv. aebmf¯n se D¯cm[p\nI kv{Xo]£ \mS I§fpw (kPnXaT¯nensâ \mSI §Ä), aäv ]co£W \mSI§fpsa Ãmw A[n\mSI§fpsS km[yXI sf ]camh[n D]tbmKs¸Sp¯p ¶p­v. C¯c¯nÂ, Adntªm AdnbmsXtbm Ah A[n\mSI§ fmbv amdpIbpw sN¿p¶p. {KÙkqNn

kmaph s_¡äv

§Ä t{]£Isc HmÀas¸Sp¯p ¶p. bmYmÀYysa¶v \mw IcpXpI bpw, hnizkn¡pIbpw, XmZmXvay s¸SpIbpw, hnImcw sImÅpIbpw sN¿p¶Xmb cwKmhnjvImcw aäm cpsStbm "\nÀanXn'bmsW¶v Ah Nq­n¡m«p¶p. X§fpsS CjvS§ fpw, ImgvN¸mSpIfpw, {]Xybimkv {X XmÂ]cy§fpsaÃmw "\nÀanX' amsW¶v t{]£IÀ Xncn¨dnbp¶p. D¯cm[p\nIX apt¶m«phbv¡p¶ \nÀanX kn²m´ ( Theory of Constructivism) amWv A[n\mSI §Ä ]n´pScp¶Xv. D¯cm[p\n IXbpsS {]tbmàm¡fnsemcm fmb _u{ZnÃmUv, temIs¯ ssk aÄ{Iw (simulacrum) F¶v hntijn ¸n¡p¶p. sskaÄ{Iw F¶Xv I]S bmYmÀYyamWv. ]c¼cmKX \mSI §Ä apt¶m«phbv¡p¶ bmYmÀYy amWnXv. A[n\mSI§Ä \mSI s¯bpw temIs¯bpw Hcpt]mse Hcp sskaÄ{Iambn ho£n¡pI bpw AhXcn¸n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. bmYmÀYysa¶ ]cnI¸\sb {]iv\hÂIcn¡p¶p F¶XpsIm ­pw hmÀ]pamXrIIsfbpw, Zzµz §sfbpw tNmZyw sN¿p¶p F¶ XpsIm­pw A[n\mSI§Ä D¯ cm[p\nIamWv. kmaph s_¡än sâbpw aäpapÅ Akw_Ô \mS I§fpw (Absurd Theatre) s{_¯n sâ F¸n¡v Xntbä (Epic Theatre) dpsaÃmw A[n\mSI kt¦X§Ä D]tbmK¸Sp¯nbhbmWv. B[p \nI C³Uy³ \mSIthZnbnse A XnImbcn Hcmfmb Kncojv IÀ WmSv Xsâ \mSI§fn A[n\mS I kt¦X§sf hfsc {InbmßI ambn AhXcn¸n¨ncn¡p¶p. dn¨m ÀUv tlm¬_n kqNn¸n¨ A©v A[n\mSI kt¦X§fpw IÀWmSv Xsâ "\mKaWvUebnÂ' D]tbm

G_Â, ebWÂ. {SmPUn B³Uv saämXntbäÀ: FtÊbvkv Hm¬ {UmamänIv t^mw. \yqtbmÀ¡v: tlmwkv & ansbÀ, 2003. A{_mwkv, Fw F¨v. B³Uv sP{^n lmÀ^w. F lm³Uv _p¡v Hm^v enäddn tSwkv. \yq sUÂln: sk³tKPv teWnMv C³Uy, 2009. s_ÀKÀ, ]n F tXmakv, e¡v am³. Z tkmjy I¬kv{S£³ Hm^v dnbmenän. lma¬kv hÀ¯v: s]³Kzn³, 1971. tUhnUv, ÌphÀ«v. saämXntbäÀ. \yqtbmÀ¡v: kv{]nKv, 1999. FKn³«¬, hneyw. lu Z thÄUv _nIwkv F tÌPv. BÂ_\n: tÌäv bqWnthgvknän Hm^v \yqtbmÀ¡v s{]Êv, 2003. tlm¬_n, dn¨mÀUv. {Uma. saäm {Uma B³Uv s]Àsk]v j ³. e­³: AtkmkntbäUv bqWn thgvknän s{]Êv, 1986. l¨nb¬, enâ. F t]mbänIvkv Hm^v t]mÌv tamtUWnkw: lnÌ dn, Xnbdn, ^n£³. \yqtbmÀ¡v: dq«v seUvPv, 1988. I³sUÂhmÄ, sI F³ (Ed) hneyw tjIvkv]nbÀ: Bkv bp sse¡v Cäv B{K: e£van \tcb³ AKÀhmÄ, n.d. IÀWmSv, Kncojv. \mKaWvUe. sNss¶: HmIvkv t^mÀUv bqWnthgvknän s{]kv, 2000. "HmtYgvkv C³s{SmU£³.' {Xo s¹bvkv: \mKaWvUe, lb hµ\, Xp¥¡v . \yqsUÂln: HmIvkvt^mÀUv. bp ]n, 2002. \yqbn, ImXdn³. satem {Uma B³Uv saäm XntbäÀ: Xntb{Sn ¡menän C³ \bâo³Xv sk©zdn XntbäÀ. tPÀW Hm^v {UamänIv Xnbdn & {In«nknkw. 14.2(2000):3-þ39. web 23 Pqsse 2012. {ioP³ hnkn, B[p\ntIm¯cw: hnIe\hpw hnaÀi\hpw. thm, ]m{Sojy, saäm^n£³: Z Xnbdn B³Uv {]mIvSokv Hm^v skÂ^v tIm¬jykv ^n£³ e­³: dq«vseUvPv, 2001.

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

31


teJ\w tUm Im\w i-¦-c-¸n-ff drkanam@gmail.com

bq

sIbnse eÌdnepÅ Un tam­v t^mÀ«v bq Wnthgvknänbn Fen k_¯v ewt_mWnsâ t\XrXz ¯n ]¯pcmPy§fnse ap¸Xp N cn{X]WvUnX³amsc DÄs¸Sp¯n ]Ýntajy³ kap{Z¯nse ]pcmX \ hym]mciywJesb¡pdn¨v \S ¯p¶ ]T\¯n\m[mcambn kzoI cn¨ Xcnkm¸Ån imk\s¯ Cw ¥ojntebv¡v samgnamäw \S¯n \ÂInbXv ]T\kwL¯nse ae bmfnbpw F³ _n Fkv {]kn²oI cn¨ Xcnkm¸Ån ]«bw (2013) F¶ ]T\{KÙ¯nsâ IÀ¯m¡fn Hcmfpw Bb tIih³shfp¯m«v Bbncp¶p ( http://849ce.org.uk/

communities-daily-lives-and-urbanspaces) imk\¯n shÅmfÀ F¶v h¶ `mKw At±lw farm worker F¶mWv XÀPpa sNbvXv

tUm Im\w i¦-c-¸n-ffbpsS Cu teJ\w hnaÀi-\-km-[-y-X-IÄ Xpd-¶n-Sp-¶-Xm-Wv. AXp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ CsXmcp "kwhm-Z-'ambn Icp-XpI. "kwhm-Z- C-Sw' D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯psa¶v {]X-ym-in-¡p-¶p. FUn-äÀ

32

Infn¸ - m«v

\ÂInbXv. XncphnXmwIqdnse {]m No\ P\kaql§sf¡pdn¨v Ah Kmlw CÃm¯ Hcp ae_mÀ aebm fn Ncn{XImc³ hcp¯nh¨ XIcmÀ Zqchym]Iamb ^e§Ä Dfhm ¡pw. shÅmfÀ (Xcnkm¸Ån ]« b¯nse "thÄIpew', ]mÀYnh]p cwimk\¯nse "sh®oÀshÅmf ³') F¶ {]mNo\sshiyhn`mKw Irjn¡mÀ am{Xambncp¶nÃ. AhÀ {]mNo\Ipct¡Wn sImïv \n ¶pw H³]Xmw \qäm­n Xs¶ kz bw \nÀan¨ ]mbv¡¸epIfn kn tem¬, aeb, ^nPn, ssN\ XpS§n b hntZicmPy§fn t]mbn ]qÀ thjy³ kap{Zhym]mcirwJe Øm]n¨hcmbncp¶p. e£¡W ¡n\v ]u­v sNehm¡n bp sI bn \S¯p¶ Ncn{X]T\s¯ Zniamän hn«p sXämb \nKa\§fn te¡v F¯n¡m³ ImcWw tIi h³ shfp¯m«n\p shÅmfÀ Bsc ¶dnªpIqSm F¶Xn\memWv. Xcnkm¸Ån imk\ (kn C 849) ¯nepw Iv\mbvs¯m½³ sNt¸Sn epw ]cmaÀin¡s¸« "shÅmfÀ' F¶ {]mNo\ `cWhÀK, I¨hS, tKm]meI, km£c, Zzn`mjn, DtZym

9447035416

KØ kaql¯nsâ A¿mbncw hÀ js¯ Ncn{X¯nte¡v \aps¡mcp F¯nt\m«w \S¯mw. {]mNo\ Xan gI¯pw ]n¡me¯v ]gb Xncp hnXmwIqÀ kwØm\¯pw {]_e IÀjI kaqlambncp¶ shÅmfÀ F¶ AXn{]mNo\{ZmhnU P\k aqls¯¡pdn¨v s]mXpkaql¯n \p am{XaÃ, C¶s¯ shÅmfkaq l¯n\pt]mepw Imcyamb Adn hnÃ. "tIcf¯n shÅmfsc Hcp {]tXyI hn`mKambn ]dbp¶nÃ' F¶v sI F³ KtWjv ("tIcf¯n sâ C¶eIÄ', kmwkvImcnIhIp ¸v 1997 t]Pv61) "thfnsâ (cmPmhn sâ) ASnbmfÀ Bbncp¶p shÅm fÀ' F¶v s{]m^ Fkv sI hk´ ³, tIcfNcn{X\nL­phn Fgp Xnh¨p. "tIcfw aebmfnIfpsS amXr`qan' (Nn´ ]»nt¡j³kv 2014 t]Pv 64) F¶ ]T\¯n tIc f¯nse henb IÀjIÀ \mb³ amÀ Bbncp¶p F¶pw alm`mcX bp²¯n ]s¦Sp¯ ]«mf¡mÀ ¡v `£W¯n\v th­ Acn Ah cmWv \ÂInbsX¶pw AhÀ I¸Â KXmKXw \S¯nbncp¶p F¶pw (I¸tem«nb B \mbÀ Bcmbncp ¶p F¶v hyàam¡nbpanÃ) AhÀ tImsegp¯pw ]n¶oSv hs«gp¯pw {]Ncn¸n¨p F¶pw aäpw Cu Fw Fkv \¼qXncn¸mSv FgpXnh¨Xpw BcmWv shÅmfÀ? Ahcpw \mb³ amcpw X½n F´mWv hyXymkw? F¶pw Adnªp IqSmXncp¶Xv sIm­msW¶v ImWmw. "Bcy³am cpsS IpSntbäw' (\memw hmeyw, aq¶mw ]Xn¸v 2014 t]Pv 173 ]©mw Kw ]pkvXIime, Ip¶wIpfw) hni Zambn FgpXnb ImWn¸¿qÀ i¦ c³\¼qXncn¸mSv tIcf¯nse Hs« Ãm P\hn`mKs¯ Ipdn¨pw FgpXn. ]s£ At±lw HcnS¯pw shÅm fÀ F¶ P\hn`mKs¯ ]cmaÀin ¨nÃ. Ipäw ]dbcpXtÃm \memw hm ey¯n t]Pv 173 þ C{]Imcw FgpXn "Xangv\m«n \n¶pw Nne ]nÅamÀ... ChnsS h¶p IpSn ]mÀ¯n«p­v.' tIcf¯n Irjn XpS§nbXv ]¨a®n Imepw ssI


teJ\w

bpw sXmSm¯ ]ctZin {_mÒWÀ F¶v Fw Pn FÊpw Iq«cpw ]ns¶ BÀ Fkv iÀasb D²cn¨v tUm hn cmtPjpw(Bcym[n\nthihpw \ ¼qXncnkwkvImchpw, Fkv ]n kn Fkv 2015 t]Pv 20) \¼qXn cn {Kma§fn BWv im kv{XobIrjn BZyw XpS§nbsX¶pw A¡q«À FgpXnh ¨n«p­v. "kmam \y_p²n ssI tamiw h¶ Hcp \nÀ`mKythfbn  sImkmw_n FgpXn¸nSn¸n¨ Nne A_²§ Ä' (sN´mctÈcn, tIcfNcn{X¯n s\mcp apJhpc, ssa {Xn_pIvkv Xncph\´ ]pcw, 2015. t]Pv 14,) apI fnÂ]dª {KÙImc³amÀ A tX]Sn ]IÀ¯nhbv¡p¶p. "KwKm kaXes¯¸änbpÅ sImkmw_n bpsS Ncn{X\nKa\w tIcf¯n\p IqSn "Ass¹'sNbvXt¸mÄ h¶ "A {]amZnXyw' s]dp¡n¯o\n hnhmZ ¯n\pImcWambn F¶Xnt\mSv \ap¡v tbmPn¡mw. sIm¨nbpambn kwtbmPn¸n¡s¸SpIbpw ]n¶m se XncphnXmwIqdnsâ s\Ãdbpw \s«Ãpambncp¶ \m©nÂ\mSv (I e¸bpsS \mSv) kwØm\ ]p\Êw LS\tbmsS Xangv\m«n tNÀ¡ s¸SpIbpw, ]ns¶ ae_mÀ Iq«nt¨ À¡s¸SpIbpw sNbvXt¸mÄ, tIc f¯n shÅmfÀ \yq\]£ambn. F¶m CSp¡n, ]¯\wXn«, ]¯ \m]pcw, ]p\eqÀ, tIm¶n, dm¶n, Fcptaen, tNmän F¶o klym{Zn km\p{]tZi§fnepw Nnd¡Shv, hm gqÀ, sXmSp]pg, aqhmäp]pg, Be¸p g, sImÃw, sIm¨n, NnäqÀ, ]me¡mSv, tImgnt¡mSv F¶o {]tZi§fnep ambn aq¶ce£w (358,000) shÅm fÀ C¶v tIcf¯n D­v. Xangv\m «n 18 e£w Gjybn sam¯w 23

Nn{X§Ä  

sImkmw_n iqc\mSv Ipª³]nÅ

e£hpw (Atacn¡bnse Chm© enÌv {Kq¸mb tPmjzm t{]mPIväv s\äv www.joshuvaproject.net F¶ sh_vsskän \n¶pÅ hnhcw (CNN 23C ID 18317 Rop 3 113864 Vellalan). CSp¡n PnÃbnse A©p \mSv {]tZis¯ KncnP\§Ä sh ÅmfÀ BWv. tIcf¯n\v shfnbn  Xangv\mSv (18 e£w) IÀWmSIw (250,000) t]m­nt¨cn (13,000), alm cmjv { Sm (11,000), B{Ôm (62,000) XpS§n an¡ kw Øm\§fnepw {ioe ¦, atejy, ^nPn, B{^n¡ F¶o hn tZi cmPy§fn epw {]mNo\Im ew apXÂt¡ shÅmfÀ Xma kn¨ncp¶p. hb \mSv I®qÀ {] tZi§fnse Ku ­Àamcpw shÅm fÀ BWv. ]mc¼cyambn t\m¡nbmÂ, IÀjIcmWv shÅmfÀ. sh Åw hnZKvZambn ssIImcyw sNbv Xp Irjn sNbv Xp XpS§nb {]mNo\P\ kaqlw. ] Xnäp¸¯v, ]pd\m\qÀ, sF¦pdp\qÀ, Nne¸XnIm cw XpS§nb kwLIme Ir XnIfn ("]gw Xangv]m«pIÄ' F¶v cmP³ Kpcp ¡Ä XpS§nb B[p \nI tIcfNcn{XImc³ amÀþ tIcfNcn{Xw H¶mw `m Kw 2013 t]Pv 79 ImWpI) "DghÀ' (\new Dgp¶hÀ) F¶ t]cn hy hlcn¡s¸« kaqlw shÅmfÀ Bbncp¶p F¶v ]Xnäv¸¯v hym JymXmhv ]dbp¶Xmbn iqc\mSv Ipª³]nÅ "shÅmfÀ' F¶ te J\¯n ({ZmhnU kwkvImcw k

lym{Znkm\p¡fn ARvPen ] »nt¡j³kv, s]m³Ip¶w 1987 t] Pv 74). ]s£ Nne AXym[p\nI tI cf Ncn{XImc³amÀ Dghsc Cugh cptSbpw (APq \mcmbW³, _p²a X ]mc¼cyw \m«dnhpIfneqsS) ]pebcpsSbpw (]pebÀ Ip¶pIpgn aWn&Sn H Genbmkvþ kndnb³ am \z F³ _n Fkv 2015) ap³Kman Ifmbn ASp¯Ime¯v Nn{XoIcn ¨p ImWp¶p F¶Xv hnNn{Xw Xs¶. Ipdn©n (aehmcw), apssà (ImSv), acpXw (hbepw Icbpw), ]m sse (agbnÃØew), s\bvX (IS ¯ocw) F¶n§s\bpÅ sF´n WIfnse "acpXw' XnWIfn ]mÀ ¯ncp¶hÀ IÀjIcmbncp¶ "Dg hÀ.' AhÀ c­phn`mKw. ]pg sh Åw D]tbmKn¨v Irjn sN¿p¶ sh Å A[n]XnIÄ, shÅw Bfp¶ hÀ ( Lords of floods ), "shÅmfÀ' ImÀtaLw \ÂIp¶ ag shÅ ¯m am{Xw Ir jn sNbvXncp¶ "ImcmfÀ' (Lords of clouds I\I k`m]nÅ hn: T amils eighteen Hundred years ago 1997 hn

t]Pv 113) F ¶n§s\. _n kn C 400 Ime ¯v cNn¡s¸« sXm¡m¸nb¯n "acpXa¡Ä' F¶ acpX hmknIÄ AcÈÀ. A´WÀ (]mÀ¸mÀ), hWnIÄ, shÅmfÀ F ¶nhÀ Bbncp¶p. DuÀ, t]cqÀ (henb {Kmaw) apSqÀ (]pcmX\{Km aw) F¶n§s\aq¶pXcw {Kma§Ä Ducm³ AYhm Ingh³ DuÀ{]ap J³ (\´ym«v tkma³ 2012) kwLIme shÅmfhoSpIÄ "H¸nÃma\IÄ' F¶dnbs¸«p. Hme taª hoSpIÄ. s\Ãv, aªÄ, hc Iv F¶nh {][m\Irjn. tagn (Ie ¸) Bbncp¶p AhcpsS sImSnbn se NnÓw. cmPmhnsâ sNt¦men s\ \bn¡p¶Xv "shÅmf³ Ie¸ ASn¡p¶ sNdptImÂ' F¶v I¼À

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

33


teJ\w

kwLIme shÅmfhoSpIÄ "H¸nÃma\IÄ' F¶dnbs¸«p. Hmetaª hoSpIÄ. s\Ãv, aªÄ, hcIv F¶nh {][m\Irjn. tagn (Ie¸) Bbncp¶p AhcpsS sImSnbnse NnÓw. I\Ik`m]nÅ

]mSn. "shÅmfÀ sN¿m¯ Irjn Irjntb AÃ' F ¶pw "shÅmf³ t]mIp¶nShpw shÅmSv t]mIp¶ CShpw shfp¡pw' (]ptcmKan¡pw)' F¶pw (tXcvÌ ¬) "DgpXp­v Pohn¨ncp¶ shÅmfsc aäpÅhÀ¡v sXmgpXp­v Pohn¡ms\Ignªncp¶pÅq'F¶pw sNmÃpIÄ D­mbn. (CfwIpfw Ipª³]nÅ tIcfw 1500 hÀjw ap¼v F³ _n Fkv 1966) Irjn¡v a®ns\ ]mIs¸Sp¯nbXvt]mse, AhÀ a\Êns\ Úm\k ¼mZ\¯n\pw ]mIs¸Sp¯n. Irjn, tKmkwc£Ww, hym]mcw, Zm\w F¶nhbv¡v ]pdta, bmKw, IWs¡ gp¯v F¶nhbpw AhÀ \S¯nt¸m¶p. PmXnaXhyXymkanÃmsX FÃmhcpw GtImZck tlmZcÀ Bbn¡gnªncp¶Xmbncp¶p kwLImew (_n kn C aq¶mw \qäm­v apX kn C aq¶mw \qäm ­v hsc) ]¯mw \qäm­n {_mÒWm[n]Xyw h¶ t¸mÄ shÅmfsc AhÀ "sshiyÀ' B¡n Nn{XoIcn ¨p XpS§n. sXmgn A\pkcn¨v Ahcn Xs¶ aq¶p Ahm´c hn`mK§Ä DSseSp¯p. Irjn sNbvXn cp¶ `qhpSaIÄ "`qsshiyÀ'- -þ (apXenbmÀ, ]nÅamÀ F¶nhÀ). I¨hSw XpS§nbhÀ "[\sshiyÀ'. AhÀ sN«nIÄ (tNSv=I¨hSw) F¶dnbs¸«p. sN«nbmÀ,

34

Infn¸ - m«v

sdÍnbmÀ, tk«v, sP«n F¶nhscÃmw Cu hn`mK¯n Âs¸Sp¶p. arK]cn]me\w \S¯nbhÀ bmZhIpew tKmsshiyÀ. tIm [mcnbmb AhcpsS t\Xmhv tIm³. A§s\bmWv thWmSv cmPhwiw (2þ10 \qäm ­v) DSseSp¯Xv, tIm³ hkn¨ncp¶ CSw sImÃw. iq{ZÀ Aà sshiyÀ F¶m 1871 þ se aZncmin sk³kÊnÂ. shÅmfÀ "iq{ZÀ' F¶ t]cn hyhlcn¡s¸«p. shÅmfÀ iànbmbn Xs¶ {]Xntj[n¨p. X§Ä Hcp Ime ¯pw BcpsSbpw tkhIÀ Bbncp¶n«nà F¶hÀ {]Jym]n¨p. X§fpsS kv{XoIÄ F¡me¯pw ]Xn {hXmcXv\§Ä Bbncp¶p F¶pw ]ckv]cw hniz kvXX ]men¨psImÅmsa¶p hnhmlkab¯v {]Xn Ú sN¿p¶ "A½nNhn«n AcpÔXnsb ImWÂ' F¶ BNmcw XeapdIfmbn \S¯nt¸mcp¶hÀ B Wv X§Ä F¶hÀ kÀ¡mcns\ HmÀan¸n¨p. XpSÀ¶ hÀ sshiyÀ Bbn tcJs¸Sp¯s¸«p. F¶m s{]m^ Fkv Kp]vX³\mbÀ FUnäp sNbvX kn am[ h³]nÅbpsS aebmf \nL­phn shÅmfÀ "Xangv iq{ZÀ' Xs¶. s{]m^kÀ¡v ]änb Hcp t\m«¸n


teJ\w iIv F¶v IW¡m¡nbm aXn. tXcv̳ (Edgar Thurston) ]d bp¶v sFXoly {]Imcw shÅmfÀ ¡v cmPmhmIm³ AÀlX CÃmbncp ¶p. F¶m Bb¡pSn cmP[m\n bm¡n `cWw \S¯nb Bbv th cmPm¡³amÀ am{XaÃ, tNcþtNm f þ ]mWvUy cmPm¡fpw ]´fw ]q ªmÀ cmPm¡³amcpw (A¼e¸pg HgnsI) FÃmw Xs¶ shÅmf hw iÀ Bbncp¶p. {_mÒW ta[mhn Xzw Ahsc FÃmw £{XnbÀ B ¡n. AXn\mbn lncWy KÀ`w F¶ Nnethdnb BNmcw AhÀ krjvSn ¨p. F¶n«v X§fpsS k´XnIÄ `cWm[nImcnIÄ BIm³ AhÀ kw_Ôhpw acpa¡¯mbhpw A hcn \S¸m¡n. Xangv\m«nse sFXoly{]Imcw {hX`wK h¶ Aán alÀjn k\ym knhcy\v Hcp shÅmf kv{Xobn P\n¨ aq¶p k´m\§Ä BWv ]n ¡me¯v tNcþtNmfþ]mWvUy (aqth´À) cmPm¡³amcmbn hfÀ ¶Xv (tXcv̳ hmeyw 7 t]Pv 242) sXep¦v\mSv ]nSn¨S¡nb sh ÅmfÀ "thfaÀ' F¶ {]`p¡Ä B bn Adnbs¸«p. IÀWmSIbn sh Åmf (s_ÃmÂ) cmPhwiw Xs¶ D­mbncp¶p. KwKmhwi shÅmfÀ KwKmXoc¯v P\n¨p hfÀ¶hÀ B bncp¶p. ssakqcnse KwKmhmSn Ahcn Hcp hn`mKw IpSntbdn Xm akn¨ ØeamWv. sIm§p\mSv (tImb¼¯qcnse tkew) KwKmhw iÀ IpSntbdnb Øew Xs¶. tIm b¼¯qcnse shÅmfÀ "Ku­À' F¶dnbs¸Sp¶p. HdoÊbn ]Xn s\m¶mw iXI¯n shÅmfÀ BWv `cWw \S¯nbncp¶Xv. tXm ­a­e¯nse (sN¦Ât¸«, hS ¡³ BÀ¡mSp PnÃIÄ) apXen bmÀ, sdÍnIÄ (Reddy), \mb\mÀ, tNmf (tNmgnb) tZis¯ X©m hqÀ, XrÈn\m¸Ån ]nÅamÀ, ]m ­y tZi (a[pc, Xncps\Âthen) ]nÅamÀ sIm§p tZis¯ Iu ­À (Ku­À) F¶nhscÃmw sh ÅmfÀ Xs¶ tXcv̳ (Edgar Thurston). AhcnseÃmw \nch[n D]hn`mK§Ä Ds­¶p am{Xw. Xpfp shÅmfÀ, ]q\aÃn¡mÀ, sIm ­sI«nIÄ, shfm³ sN«nIÄ, sImSn¡meÀ, Im\¡nfn \m«mÀ, Imssc¡mSÀ, \¦pSnIÄ, ]©IÄ, Adn¼q¡mÀ, sNdpIpSnIÄ, AIap SbmÀ, \oÀ]qinIÄ, tIm« shÅm fÀ, sN´esIm­³amÀ, shÅn¡ ¿À, ]hngwsIm«nIÄ, aebSnIÄ, sXmÅ¡mXÀ, Bän³Ic¡mÀ F

¶n§s\ \qdn¸cw D]hn`mK§ Ä. tZiw, sXmgn F¶nhsb ASn Øm\am¡n hnhn[ t]cpIfn sh ÅmfÀ Adnbs¸Sp¶p. aäp]e kap Zmb¡mcpw shÅmfÀ F¶ hymtP \ Ignbp¶pap­v. {]mNo\Ime¯v Xs¶ tIcf ¯n Icþhb {]tZi§fn X\Xp shÅmf IÀjIÀ D­m bncp¶p. tXcv̳ (Edgar Thurston) kn C 500 þ1800 ImeL«¯n Xangv\m«nse Xncps\Âthenbn \n¶pw Bcphmsamgn, sX¦minþ sNt¦m«þ]p\eqÀ, a[pcþtX\nþ I¼wþIpafn F¶o hyXykvX amÀ K§Ä hgn tIcf¯n F¯nbh cmWv shÅmfcn \à ]¦pw (cmw I¼À

A¿mKpcp

IpamÀ \ScmP³ www. knowmy an¡hcpw ssihÀ. F¶m Ipsd sshjvWhcpw D­v. XncphnXmwIqÀ cmPm¡³amsc "\bn\mÀ' F¶v hnfn¨ncp¶p. th Wm«pcmPm¡³amscbpw AhcpsS a¡Ä XpS§nbpÅ aäp cmPIpSpw _mwK§tfbpw þ kv{XoIÄ DÄs¸ sS þ A¶v "]nÅbmÀ' F¶p ]d ªncp¶p (CfwIpfw Ipª³ ]nÅ, tIcf`mjbpsS hnImk]cn Wma§Ä H¶mw `mKw F³ _n Fkv 1997 t]Pv 131). sIm¨nbnse DbÀ¶ \mb³amÀ¡v "shÅmbva' Øm\w \ÂInbncp¶p F¶v sIm ¨n³ tÌäv am\zen ]pdw 210 (iqc \mSv Ipª³]nÅ). shÅmfcpw AhcpsS t]cnsâ IqsS "\mb\mÀ' F¶p]tbmKn¡mdp­v. (]ctaizc ³]nÅ hn BÀ t]Pv 45) thÄ (Bbv thÄ) hwi¯nsâ tZiw F¶ AÀY¯nemWv thWm Sv F¶ t]À D­mbXv (Sn G Fkv 1/188-þ89). thÄ hwiamWv sX¡³ XncphnXmwIqÀ `cn¨ncp¶Xv. sh Åmfcn B`nPmXyw IqSnbhÀ B bncp¶p Bbvhwiw (Sn G Fkv 13). HuZmcimenbmbncp¶ Bbv B´n c³, NSb³, Icp\µ\³, At±l ¯nsâ ]p{X³ AS¡³, hn{IamZn Xy hcKpW³ (Sn G Fkv 11/ 187þ89) F¶nhÀ Bb¡pSn cmP[m\n bm¡n thWmSv `cn¨ncp¶p. B\bm bncp¶p AhcpsS NnÓw. Xcnkm¸ Ån imk\¯nse Hfn¨phbv¡ s¸« Hmebnse ]Xnt\gp \mS³ sh Åmf hWnI km£n¸«nIbn ]{´­mw km£nbpsS t]À Ign ªp \ÂInbncp¶ B\ap{Z Im WpI (Im\w i¦c¸nÅ, Infn¸m«v amknI P\phcn 2016 e¡w t]Pv 11þ12). hn{Iam[nXyhcKpW³ BWv i_cnae A¿¸³ Bbn amdnbXv F¶v Øm]n¨Xv s{]m^ ]n aocm¡p«n (i_cnae A¿¸\pw Ip©³ \¼ymcpw F³ _n Fkv & Im\w i¦c¸nÅ. IaeZfw amknI 2015 sk]vXw_À e¡w t]Pv 26þ28). s]mXnb³ aebv¡v ASp¯mbncp ¶p Bb¡pSn. hÅph³amÀ thfoÀ Ifmb shÅmfÀ BWv. AhÀ Irjn¡mcmbncp¶p. Acphn¡c bn AW sI«n Irjn \S¯nbncp ¶Xmbpw shůn\p th­n Ica S¨ncp¶Xmbpw ImWp¶p (tUm BÀ tKm]n\mY³, tIcf¯\na tIcf`mjm C³Ìnäyq«v, 2013 t]Pv 337) shÅmfÀ Bbncp¶ Bbv hwi amWv thWmSv `cn¨ncp¶Xv F¶ Xn\v sXfnhmbn Icphm\µ AS kerala.com)

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

35


teJ\w Nn{X§Ä  

sNt¸Sv (1180 AD) CfwIpfw Ipª³]nÅ

¡³ ]mÀYnh]pc(ap©nd)¯v hnjvWpt£{Xw Øm]n¨Xpw AhnsS thZ ]mTime GÀs¸Sp¯nbXpw Sn G Fkv H¶nse ]pdw 10 þs\ B[mcam ¡n iqc\mSv Ipª³]nÅ Nq­n¡m«p¶p. kn Cu 864 emWv t£{Xw Øm]n¡s¸«Xv. BbvIfpw thWm«p cmPm¡³amcpw bmZh_Ôap ÅhÀ Bbncp¶p. (Im©o]pcw imk\w AXn\pÅ sXfnhmWv). kw{Kma[oc chnhÀabpsS ]nXmhv Pbknwl³ thWm«nse Dam tZhnsb hnhmlw sNbvXtXmsS BbvIfpw Iogvt]cqÀ F¶dn bs¸«ncp¶ thWmSpw H¶mbn F¶v iqc\mS³ FgpXp¶p. thWm«p cmPm¡³amcpsS Nndhmbv aq¸pØm\w (sNdp+ Bbv+ aq¸v) thWm«n\pw sNdphmbv¡papÅ _Ôw shfns¸Sp¯p¶p.

PmXnaXhyXymkanÃmsX FÃmhcpw GtImZcktlmZcÀ Bbn¡gnªncp¶Xmbn cp¶p kwLImew. ]¯mw \qäm­n {_mÒWm[n]Xyw h¶t¸mÄ shÅmfsc AhÀ "sshiyÀ' B¡n Nn{XoIcn¨p XpS§n.

36

Infn¸ - m«v

shÅmf sNt¸Sv (CE 849) Ipct¡Wn sImÃs¯ shÅmfsc Ipdn¨pÅ ]cmaÀi\¯m {]kn²amWv kn C 849  A¿\SnIÄ¡v th­n km£c\mb shÅmf IpePmX³ kpµ c³ sNt¼mebn hs«gp¯n (\m\w tam\w) hcª XcnÊm¸Ån imk\w. ØmWp chn N{IhÀ¯nbpsS A©mw `cWhÀjw A¿\SnIÄ F¶ thWm «cN³ kapZmb{`jvSv IÂ]n¡s¸«Xn\mÂ, ssP\aXw kzoIcn¨ ]Xnt\gp shÅmf hWn¡pIÄ¡v (hym]mcnIÄ)þ]mbv¡¸en ]qÀthjy³ cmPy§ fntebv¡v kap{Zk©mcw \S¯n I¨hSw sNbvXXn\m sh®oÀ [cn¡m³ AhImiw \jvSs¸« "Zcnkm'([cnbmbn) sN«nIÄ¡v (hneyw temK³) Zcnkm ssP\¸Ån (tXhÀ¸Ån) ]Wnbm³ Ct¸mgs¯ tXhÅnbn Ipsd Øew \ÂIp¶ sNt¼me¡cWw(Im\w i¦c¸nÅ, XcnÊm¸Ån ]«bw F¶ shÅmf sNt¸Sv sI hn Fw Fkv sshäne bqWnb³ tkmh\oÀ 2015). AXn Irjn Imcy§Ä \S¯m³ \mepIpSn shÅmfscbpw \ÂIp¶ imk\w (Sn G Fkv 11/70-þ80). Iv\mbv sXm½³ ]«bw bYmÀYtam hymPtam F¶v \nÝbw t]mcm. ]s£ AXnepap­v shÅmf ]cmaÀiw (Im\w i¦c¸nÅ Infn¸m«v amknI 2016 amÀ¨v e¡w) a®n Irjn Cd¡Wtam XoÀ¨bmbpw shÅmfÀ th­nbncp¶p F¶v Npcp¡w. \m©n Ipdh³ G Un ]Xnaq¶mw \qäm­n \m©n\m«n Hcp Ipdhhwiambncp¶p `cWw \S¯nbncp¶Xv. tI\¦n Ipdh³, s_m½¡pdh³, \m©n¡pdh³ F¶nhcm bncp¶p Ipdh ]c¼c. \m©n Ipdh\n \n¶mWv \m©nÂ\mSv F¶ t]À In«nbXv F¶phmZn¡p¶hcpw D­v. Ahkm\ cmPmhnsâ Ime¯v Hcp IpSn eX{´w hgn shÅmfÀ Ipdhhwi`cWw Ahkm\n¸n¨p. AgInb


teJ\w ]m­y]pcs¯ s]cnb ho«n apXenbmcpsS aIsf ]dbWambncp¶p. (]n `mkvIc\p®n ]s¯m³]Xmw \m©n¡pdhsâ aI\p h[phm¡Ww F¶v Ipdhcm \qäm­nse tIcfw t]Pv 1058). Pmhn\m{Klw. AXn\mbn apXenbmsc \m©n Ipd shÅmfÀ Irjn sNbvXp­m¡nb Acnbn Fgp h³ {][m\a{´nbpam¡n. hnhmlaWvU]w sXm«m XWambncp¶p BZym£c§Ä. shÅ hkv{Xioe epS³ CSnªphogp¶ coXnbnemWv apXenbmÀ X¿m hpw shÅmfÀ¡v In«nbXv ssP\cn \ns¶¶p tNÀ dm¡nbXv. hc\pw _Ôp¡fpw h¶p IbdnbtXmsS, ¯e Fw NnZw_cw]nÅ ]dbp¶p(shÅmfcpsS B aWvU]w adn¨n«v apXenbmÀ cmPmhns\bpw At±l Nmc§Ä). A¶Zm\w XpS§nbXpw shÅmfÀ. cma ¯nsâ ]p{XIf{XmZnIsfbpw sIm¶pIfªp. ]n enwKkzmanIfpsS(shÅmfÀ) PohNcn{Xw (`mcXob ¶oSp \nch[n hÀjw s]cnbapXen \m©n\mSv `cn¨p hnZym`h³) ImWpI. ]s¯m³]Xmw \qäm­n Xncp F¶v \mKa¿ tÌäv am\zen FgpXnbncn¡p¶p hnXmwIqdn AhÀWþ khÀW ]´nt`mP\w {]N (]pdw 262þ263). sImÃhÀjw 292þembncp¶t{X Cu cn¸n¨XmIs«, shÅmf kmaqly]cnjvIÀ¯mhv kw`hw. ]n¡me¯v B `qhn`mKw thWmSn\v \ almKpcp inhcmP tbmKn ssX¡mSv A¿mkzmanI Is¸«p. apXenbmÀ¡v Nne {]tXyI A[nImc§Ä fpw. tIcf¯nse shÅmfcn \Ã]¦pw ]gb ]m sImSp¯p. B IpSpw_¯nse aq¶p {][m\nIÄ¡v ­ycmPy¯nÂs¸« a[pc, Xncps\Âthen apXemb hWnIcma³, tNctIm³, sshcmhW³ F¶n§s\ {]tZi§fn \n¶v ]e Ime§fn (CE 200-900 ,900t]cpIÄ \ÂIn (]ctaizc³ ]nÅ hn BÀ t]Pv 33) 1600, 1600 \p tijw F¶n§s\) Irjn Bhiy¯n Fgp¯Ñsâ Ime¯n\pap¼p (15þ16 \qäm­v) \mbn IpSntbdnbhÀ Bbncp¶p F¶v IhnaWn tIcf¯nepÅhÀ "A£ciq\y'cmbncp¶p F¶p tZinI hn\mbIw ]nÅ tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«p­v. tNmf Ncn{XImc³ tUm Fw Pn Fkv \mcmbW³. (Xp© tZiambncp¶ X©mhqÀ, Ipw`tImWw F¶nhnS§ s¯gp¯Ñ³ krjvSn¨ kmwkvImcnIhn¹hw aebm fn \n¶v IpSntbdnbhÀ tNmg shÅmfÀ F¶dn fw hmcnI 2015 P\phcn 16) G Un 849 Imes¯ Xcn bs¸«p. kn C 824 Ime¯mWv IpSntbä§fn A[n km¸Ån (ssP\t£{Xw)¡p \ÂInb "shÅmf¸ Ihpw \S¶Xv F¶v tXcv̳ (Edgar Thurston). «bw' hcª, aäp Nne Xo«qc§fpw sNt¼mebn hs«gp¯n (\m\w tam\w) hcª "thÄ' IpeNpµ IW¡¸nÅamÀ c³ F¶ A£cÚm\nbmb shÅmf kpµcs\ Fw shÅmfÀ IW¡n Akm[mcW sshZKv[yw DÅ Pn FÊv I­nÃ. Icp´\S¡³ F¶ Bbv cmPmhv hÀ Bbncp¶p. Be¸pg XpdapJs¯ IWs¡gp kn C 869  \ÂInb ]mÀXvYnh]pcw imk\w Fgp ¯n\p cmPtIihZmk³ Xncps\Âthenbn \n¶v XnbXv sX¦\m«v sh®oÀ shÅmf³ sX¦\m«pIngh £Wn¨p hcp¯nb c­p shÅmf IpSpw_§fn \mInb Nm¯³apcpI³ Bbncp¶p At±l¯nsâ H¶n P\n¨ Hcmfmbncp¶p Xncps¡m¨n [\a{´n ]n aIÄ tN¶nbmbncp¶p Ahkm\ Bbv cmPmhmbn Fkv \ScmP]nÅbpw ]nXmhv at\m³aWobw kpµ cp¶ hn{IamZnXyhcKpW³ At±lamWv A´cn¨p c³]nÅbpw aäpw (]n kpºbm]nÅ). XncphnXmwIq Ignªt¸mÄ i_cnae imkvXmhnsâ AhXmcam dnse BZy Fw G _ncpZ[mcn at\m³aWobw F¶ bnamdnb i_cnae A¿¸³ F¶v s{]m^kÀ ]n ancm Xangv \mSIw FgpXn Xangv tjIvkv]obÀ Bb ¡p«n. (Ip©³\¼ymcpw i_cnae A¿¸\pw F³ s{]m^ ]n kpµc³ ]nÅ Bbncp¶p. XncphnXmwIqÀ _n Fkv) Ingh³ F¶m IÀjI{]`p CfwIpfw kÀhokn IW¡pkw_Ôamb hIp¸pIfn sh Ipª³]nÅ/ Nne tIcfNcn{X{]iv\§Ä t]Pv 98, ÅmfÀ am{Xta \nban¡s¸«ncp¶pÅq. hnizkvXcm 226). bncp¶Xn\m Bcm¨mÀ XpS§nb XkvXnIIfnepw "\m\w tam\w' "\tam¯pPn\\w' ssP\cpsS AhÀ am{Xta \nban¡s¸«ncp¶pÅq (sX¡pw`mKw Ip¯Ibmbncp¶p. AhcpsS krjvSn Bbncp¶p {]m taml³, Bcm¨À Aʳkv ]»nt¡j³kv, tIm« No\en]nIÄ. ]n¡me¯v AXv hs«gp¯v F¶ bw 2016). IW¡p kq£n¡p¶ DtZymKØs\ "IW dnbs¸«p. {K\vYm£cw {_mÒWkrjvSn. C¶p \mw ¡¸nÅ' F¶v hnfn¡m³ ImcWw shÅmf¸nÅ ({io tbipth \a Fs¶gpXn¡p¶ Nne {InkvXy³ _Ôw Xs¶. dh\yqþtZhkzwþ ]mÀhXyImc³am ]ptcmlnXÀ HgnsI) Fgp¯p XpS§p¶Xv lcn{io... cpw klmbnIfpw "]nÅb®³' F¶dnbs¸«ncp¶p Ipdn¨p sIm­mWtÃm. shÅmfÀ AXp sNbvXncp F¶Xpw {i²n¡pI. XncphnXmwIqdnse FÃm ¶Xv "\samkvXp Pn\sX' aWv U ]¯n³ hmXp F¶p XpS§n Bbn ¡Â It¨cnIfnepw cp¶p. Rm³ Pn\ (Xmeq¡v B^o s\ \akv I cn¡p kv), A§v I\ym XncphnXmwIqÀ kÀhokn IW¡pkw_Ôamb ¶p (Pn\³ = Pn\ Ipamcn apX C§v tZh³). "\m\w, tam hIp¸pIfn shÅmfÀ am{Xta hS¡³ ]dhqÀ h \w, C¯\w, Xq\w. sc, H¶v c­p sh \nban¡s¸«ncp¶pÅq. hnizkv X cmbncp¶Xn\m Nn\w, C¶\w, Xm Åmf IpSpw_§Ä \w D½\w' F¶ Bcm¨mÀ XpS§nb Xkv X nIIfnepw AhÀ am{Xta ImWs¸Sm³ Imc hmbv¯mcn Kpcp D Ww AhÀ¡v e`n \nban¡s¸«ncp¶pÅq. IW¡pkq£n¡p¶ ¨cn¡pt¼mÄ, in ¨ncp¶ IW¡¸n jy³ AXnse Hm Å tPmen Bbncp DtZymKØs\ "IW¡¸nÅ' F¶v hnfn¡m³ tcm hm¡ntebpw ¶p. shÅmf hnhm ImcWw shÅmf¸nÅ _Ôw Xs¶. {][m\ A£c§ lthfbn hc\p Ä FSp¯v "\tam k½m\ambn \mcm ¯p Nn\\w' F¶v bhpw t]\m¡¯n

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

37


teJ\w bpw \ÂInbncp¶Xv AhcpsS A£chnZy IWs¡gp¯v kmaÀ Yyw F¶nhsb ImWn¡p¶p. ]\ tbmebnembncp¶p Fgp¯pIp¯p IÄ. A¡§fn ImWn, Acam, Hcpam apXemb sNdnb Awi§Ä aäpÅhÀ FgpXnb IW¡pIfn I­ncp¶nà (]ctaizc³ ]nÅ hn BÀ). hkvXp Af¡Â, B[mcw X¿mdm¡Â F¶nhbpw AhcpsS Ip¯I Bbncp¶p. XIgn Ibdn AhXcn¸n¨ Afhv\mKw]nÅsb HmÀan¡pI. apX¸nSnamcpw apfIv aSnÈoe Imcy¡mcpw shÅmfÀ Bbncp¶p. shÅmfÀ B[mc§ fn D]tbmKn¨ncp¶ "ta¡v ' (]Snªmdv), "FepI' (AXnÀ) XpS §nb AhcpsS {]mNo\Ip¯I ]Z §Ä tIcf [\a{´n tXmakv sF kvIv Hcp HmÀUÀ hgn Ipgn¨p aqSn bXv 19.11.2008 þ Â. (Order No RR 4/27617/2008 Reg Inspector General

IhnX iin[c³ ASqÀ

Office) cmPytkh\w ssk\oIhr ¯n F¶nhbnepw shÅmfÀ ap³ ]´nbn Xs¶ D­mbncp¶p. ]Xn \mdmw iXIwapX t]mÀ¨pKokp Imcpw e´]d¦nbpw C¦ncnsbkpw I¨hS¯ns\¯nbt¸mÄ sX¶n³ Uybnse Zzn`mjnIÄ FÃmw Xs¶ shÅmfÀ Bbncp¶p. (I\IeXm apIpµv (The view from Below Orient Long man 2005 p 141-2) \´ym«v tkma³ D²cWn)

ssk\oI tkh\hpw XncphnXmwIqÀ Øm]I³ amÀ¯m WvUhÀabpsS BZy c­p Znhm³ amÀ (Zfh) shÅmfÀ Bbncp¶p. BdpapJw]nÅ (sImÃhÀjw 904þ 911) A\pP³ XmWp]nÅ (911þ912) F¶nhÀ. A¡mes¯ ]S¯eh³ Ipamckzman¸nÅbpw shÅmf³ Bbncp¶p. (\Ka¿ 334) tZinwK \mSpambpÅ bp²¯n ]S \bn¨v

Infn¸ - m«v

Soman Parickapalli and related vellala Tharavads of Kerala 2vol 2012)

(XpScpw...)

I®oÀ {]]©w XmXamXm¡Ä ]n©p _menIbnhscm¯p \nXyhpw ]mÀ¡pw tKlw C¶p I®ocmÀWhw {]mW`oXntbimsX Cub_eIÄs¡§pw Im£Ww t]mepw IjvSw Pohn¡m³ hs¿¶mbn. _menI Xsâ kvt\lþ ioe\mbncnt¡­pw AXpc\n¶hÄs¡mcp Ime\mw Im]menI³! kz´w ]n©p]p{Xnsb ImamÀ¯cmbn¸n¨n No´ps¶mcncp¡men XmX³amsc§pw IjvSw! A½amsc§pw sIm©pw! ]n©p_menIamcpw Cu \cm [a³amtc HmÀ¯p sR«p¶p \nXyw \mcnIf½]ns¶ tkmZcnXYm]p{Xn t{]bÊnsb¶okvt\l `mhcq]nWnIfmw Cu kvt\labnIfmw kv{XoP\§tfImaþ In¦csc§pw \m«n \nÀZbw sIm¶oSp¶p

38

hnPbw hcn¨ BdpapJw]nÅ Zf hm, [ÀacmPmhnsâ ]n³Kman _me cmahÀabpsS Iogn Zfhbmbncp ¶hcpw shÅmfÀ Bbncp¶p. hen btasegp¯v Ipamckzman ap¯p s]cpamÄ, ]ndNqSpw s]cpamÄ amtXh³ F¶nhcpw shÅmfÀ Bbncp¶p, (kZky XneI³ tÌäv am\z 2 A\p_Ôw 202.) Xncphn XmwIqdns\ B{Ian¨p {io]Zva\m` t£{Xs¯ sImÅbSn¡m³ B t£{X sImSnac¯n Xsâ IpXn csb sI«pw F¶v ho¼Sn¨ Sn¸p kp¯ms\ `qX¯m³ AWs¡«v cm{Xnbn Xpd¶phn«p aeshÅ ¯nÂs]Sp¯n ]memb\w sN¿n¨ Ccp]¯v kwLssk\y¯eh³ ssh¡w ]Û\m`]nÅbpw shÅm f³ Bbncp¶p (Dr Nanthyattu R

F{Xtbm Zpc´§þ fohn[w Ignªn«pw \mSphmWoSpw P\w I®Sbv¡bmWn¶pw IpähmfnIÄ ho­pw \nÀZbw sIme sNbvXp Iqkse¶ntb\otf Iq¯mSn hnekp¶p \mSphmWoSpw P\w kmam\yP\¯nt\ Cuhn[apt]£n¨mþ embhÀs¡´m{ibw! \ofaoZpc´¯n³ s]mÅpa´cwK¯m amÀKZÀi\whn\m kv{XoP\w tIWoSp¶p ImcpWyw kvt\lw \oXn H¶ptabnÃmXmbm ]mcn¦Â PohPmeþ PohnXap­mIptam! ZpÀ_e\mcoP\w k¦Shnem]§Ä hnizin¸o{µ³\nXyw \nÀZbw tI«oSptam! A{]ImcamsW¦n ImcpWymarX¸pg DÂ`hn¡t«a¶n aÀXycn \n¶pw \nXyw!


kw`mjWw cmP-ti-J-c³ apXp-Ipfw 9495210877

Kn¶kv _p¡n F¯nb- Nn{X-Im-c³ Iem-kw-hn-[m-\-¯n-te¡v

Nn

{XI-etbmSv XmÂ]-c-y-ap-ff HcmÄ¡v BcpsS ASp-¯pwt]mbn ]Tn-¡msX X\nsb ]Tn¨v \à Nn{X-Im-c³ BIm³ Ign-bp-sa ¶v BÀ«nÌv cmP-ti-J-c³ sXfn-bn¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. ]c-k-y-§Ä¡p-th­n henb henb t_mÀUp-IÄ hc-bv ¡p-Ibpw Fgp-Xp-Ibpw sNbvXn-«p ­v temI-¯pff {]i-kvX-cp-sS-sb Ãmw s]bnânMv cmP-ti-J-c³ sNbv Xn-«p-­v. Gähpw hen-¸-ap-ff Cuk  s]bnân-Mn-\p-ff Kn¶kv thÄ Uv dn¡mÀUv cmP-ti-J-c³ Ic-Øam-¡n-bn-«p-­v. bp sI, e­³, HmIv kvt^mÀUv F¶n-hn-S-§-fn CâÀ \m-j-W FIvkn-_nj³ \S-¯nbn-«p-­v. ate-jy, knwK-¸qÀ F¶n-hn-

S-§-fn s]bnânMv BÀSv Kmedn D­v. KmÔn-Pn-bpsS Nn{Xw hc-¨-Xn \v \mj-W AhmÀUpw cmP-ti-Jcs\tXSn-sb-¯n. Nn{X-c-N-\sb kv t\ln¡p¶ cmP-ti-J-csâ B{K lw CXp-sIm-s­m¶pw XoÀ¶n-Ã. ASqÀ tKm]m-e-Ir-jvWsâ "\mep s]-®p-§Ä' F¶ kn\n-abv¡v Iemkw-hn-[m\w sNbvXv \à Iem-kw-hn[m-b-I-\p-ff kwØm\AhmÀUpw t\Sn. ASqÀtKm-]m-e-Ir-jvWsâ "]ns¶bpw' F¶ Nn{X-¯nsâ Iemkw-hn-[m-\hpw \nÀh-ln-¨p. \à hÀ ¡p-IÄ sN¿-W-sa¶v B{K-ln-¡p ¶ Iem-Im-csâ B{Klw km[n-¡psa¶v cmP-ti-J-c³ sXfn-bn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ Iem-cw-K-t¯-bv

¡p-ff hc-hn-s\-¡p-dn¨v At±-lt¯mSv tNmZn¨p a\-Ên-em¡mw  Nn{X-c-N\]Tn-¡msX Nn{X-Imc\pw Iem-kw-hn-[m-b-I-\p-amb hy àn-X-z-amWv Xm¦-fp-tS-Xv... Fsâ s]bnân-Mn-t\m-Sp-ff AanX-am-b XmÂ]-c-y-amWv AXn\p ImcWw. \à Nn{X-Im-c-·m-cpsS s]bnânMp-IÄ I­n«v B s]bnân-Mp-IfpsS Hmtcm-¶nsâbpw IfÀ kvIoapIÄ a\-Ên-em-¡n. ]Tn-¸n-¡m³ BÄ CÃm¯t¸mÄ FÃm-¡m-c-y-§fpw \mw Xs¶ ]Tnt¨ ]äq. A§s\ F\n¡v Adn-bm-hp¶ IfÀ kvIoapIÄ h¨v F\n¡v Adn-bm-hp-¶ coXnbn kzbw hc¨p ]Tn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

39


kw`mjWw ¶p. Hcp Nn{X-Im-c-\m-I-W-sa¶v Ah-\-h\pXs¶ Hcp tXm¶Â D­m-bm hc-¨p-]-Tn-¡pw. Hcp IemIm-csâbpw IqsS t]mImsX X\n sb hc¨p ]Tn-¡p-I-bm-bncp¶p. hcbv¡p-t¼mÄ D­m-Ip¶ sXäp-IÄ X\nsb Xncp-¯p-Ibpw sN¿pw.  sNdnb Nn{X-§Ä t\m¡n-h-c-bv ¡p-t¼mÄ {Km^v sh¨mWv hep-Xm¡p-¶Xv AXv Xm¦Ä F§s\ a\Ên-em¡n? ]{´-­mw-¢m-Ên ]Tn-¡p-¶-Xphsc F\n¡v {Km^n-t\-¡p-dn¨v H ¶pw Adn-ªp-Iq-Sm-bn-cp-¶p. Hmtcm Nn{X-§Ä I­p-h-cbv¡pw GI-tZ iw icn-bm-Ip-sa-t¶-bp-f-fm-bn-cp-¶p. Rm³ IW-¡n anSp-¡³ Bbn-cp¶p. IW-¡n\v ]qÀW-amÀ¡v t\S-Wsa¶v F\n¡v \nÀ_-Ô-am-bn-cp-¶p. \qdn \qdp-amÀ¡pw Rm³ hm§p-ambn-cp-¶p. IW¡v F\n¡v henb Xn«-am-Wv. Fsâ Hcp kplr-¯nsâ tN¨n¡v KÄ^n hoSv hbv¡p-hm³ KÄ^n-ep-ff Hcp F©n-\o-bÀ Hcp ¹m³ hc-¨p-sIm-Sp-¯p. Rm³ Nn{X§Ä t\m¡n-h-c-bv¡p-¶Xv Fsâ kplr-¯n\v Adn-bm-am-bn-cp-¶p. A t±lw Fâ-Sp-¯p-h¶p KÄ^n \n ¶pw Ab-¨p-sIm-Sp¯ ¹m³ ssI bn X¶n«v AXp-t\m¡n H¶p]I À¯n sImSp-¡p-hm³ ]d-ªp. c ­pw IqSn KÄ^n Ab-¨psImSp¡m-\m-sW¶pw kqNn-¸n-¨p. Rm³ t\m¡n-b-t¸mÄ Hcp {Km^v t]¸À hm§n¨v AXn ]IÀ¯m-sa¶v a\Ên-em-bn. Hcp {Km^v t]¸À hm§n¨v B ¹m³ AXp-t]mse Xs¶ ]IÀ ¯n-sIm-Sp-¯p. AXv ]IÀ¯n-sIm-Sp¯p Ignsª-¦nepw a\Êv {Km^n-tebv¡v Cta-Pns\ ]IÀ¯p-¶Xv \nd-ªp\n-¶p. CtaPv {Km^n-tebv¡v ]IÀ ¯p-hm-\p-ff {ia-ambn ]n¶o-Sv. A ¶p-ap-X cm{Xnbpw ]Iepw AXp-Xs¶-bmbn tPmen. aq¶p anÃn apX A©p anÃn hsc {Km^n-Sp-I. AXpt]mse {Km^n ]Sw-h-c-bv¡pI C Xp-X-s¶-bm-bn-cp¶p tPmen. ]ns¶ ]ns¶ ]S-¯nsâ Uossä Df-f-Xpt]mse {Km^n-Sm\pw hc-bv¡m\pw ]Tn-¨p. 17-þmw hb-ÊnemWv Rm³ {Km^n«v hc-¨p-Xp-S-§p-¶-Xv. ho«p-Im À¡v BÀ¡pw Nn{X-c-N-\-tbmSv Xm ]-cyw H¶pw CÃm-bn-cp-¶p. Rm³ Hcp A[-ym-]-I³ BIWsa-¶m-bncp¶p Ah-cpsS B{K-lw. Rm³ hn Zym-`-ym-khpw Nn{X-c-N-\bpw XpSÀ ¶p. {Km^n«v Rm³ Nn{X-§Ä \¶mbn-h-c-¨p. Nn{X-§Ä \¶mbn hc-bv ¡p-sa-¦nepw s]bnânMv Adn-bn-Ãm-

40

Infn¸ - m«v

bn-cp-¶p. Un{Kn IgnªmWv s]bn ânMv XpS-§n-b-Xv. aäp Nn{X-§-fpsS If-dnMv \¶mbn a\-Ên-em¡n If-dn Mv sNbvXpXp-S-§n. s]bnânMv XpS§n-b-t¸mÄ Xs¶ sseäpw UmÀ ¡pw AXnsâ ]c-am-h[n F^Iväpw ^n\njv sNbvXv s]bnânMv XpS-§n. BcpsS ASp¯pw t]mIm-sX-bp-ff ]Tn-¯-am-b-Xp-sIm­v F\n¡v Cjv S-s¸« coXn-bn s]bnânMv sN¿mam-bn-cp-¶p. ho«n Rm³ Hcp]mSv ]S-§Ä hc-bv¡p-Ibpw s]bnânMv sN¿p-Ibpw sNbvXp. hne-Ip-dª C\m-a \½psS hoSn\v ASp-¯p-ff IS-I-fn Xs¶ hm§p-hm\pw In«pw Iym³hmknsem¶p-aà s]bnânMv XpS-§n-b-Xv. s{^bn-an \¶mbn XpWnASn¨v AXn ss{]aÀ ASn ¨v DW-¡n-bn«v AXnsâ ]pd-¯mWv s]bnânMv XpS-§p-¶-Xv. C\m-a sh¨v ]e ]S-§fpw Rm³ hc-¨pt\m¡n. C\m-a sIm­p-ff If-dn Mv \¶mbn ]Tn-¨-Xn-\p-tijw BZyw sN¿p-¶Xv ta\-I-bpsS ]S-am-Wv. "B{Klw' F¶ kn\n-a-bpsS t]mÌdnÂDf-f-]Sw Rm³ hep-Xm-bn«v hc¨v s]bnâ v sNbvXp.

¡p-dn-¨p-sams¡ \¶mbn a\-Ên-em¡n-bn-«mWv Hmbn s]bnânMv sN bvXp XpS-§n-b-Xv. ho«p-ImÀ Fs¶ ]Tn-¸n-¨Xv Fhn-sS-sb-¦nepw ¢mÀ¡v Bbnt«m So¨-dm-bnt«m Ib-äpI F ¶v B{K-ln-¨m-Wv. Rm³ P-\n-¨Xpw hfÀ¶Xpw ]­v tIc-f-¯nsâ `mKam-bn-cp¶ I\-ym-Ip-amcn PnÃ-bnse ao\-¨Â F¶ Øe¯v Ip©p-]m-«¯p-hnfho«nÂ. Fsâ Aѳ ]c-tai-z-c³ A½ ]pjv]w. AhÀ Fs¶ ]Tn-¸n-¨p. _n Fkv kn am¯-am-änIv kv ssS¸vssd-änMv tjmÀ«v lm³Uv FÃmw ]Tn-¸n-¨p. Ipd-¨p-\mÄ sÌ t\m, Ipd-¨p-\mÄ ssS¸nÌv ]ns¶ Ipd-¨p-\mÄ So¨-dm-bn«pw hÀ¡p-sNbvXp. Cu tPmen-I-sfm¶pw F\n¡v C³Uns]³Umbn«v sN¿m³ ]än-bX-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. BZyw tIcf Kh¬ saân sS¼-ddn t]mÌn-em-bn-cp¶p \nb-a-\w. AXp-I-gnªv a{Zmkn Ipd-¨p-\mÄ saUn-¡Â sd-{]skâo hv Bbn hÀ¡p-sN-bvXp. AXp-I-gn ªv F Fw F shkv]m I¼-\nbn sÌt\m Bbn«v Ipd-¨p-\mÄ tPmen-t\m¡n. CsX-Ãmw If-ªn-«m Wv Rm³ hc-bn-tebv¡v Xncn-ª-Xv.

 Hmbn s]bnânMv F¶mWv XpS-§p-¶Xv? Hmbn s]bnânMv XpS-§p-¶Xv Ccp-]-¯n-tbgv hbkv Ign-ªn-«mWv. C\m-a sIm­p-ff s]bnânMv Ccp-]-Xp-h-b-Êp-ap-X sNbvXp XpS §n. 1998 apX-emWv Hmbn s]bn ânMv sNbvXp XpS-§n-b-Xv. Hmbn If-dn-t\-¡p-dn¨pw, Iym³hm-kn-t\-

 hc- b v ¡ p- t ¼mÄ t^mt«m- { Km^nbpw aäp Nn{X-§fpw klm-bn-¡p¶p­v CtÃ? AsX \à t^mt«m In«n-bm hf-sc-thKw hc-bv¡mw. t^mt«m sN dp-Xm-bmepw hep-Xm-bmepw Ipg-¸-anÃ. t^mt«m \à sseänepw tjbvUn epw Df-f-Xm-sW-¦n hc-¡p¶ Nn {X-¯nsâbpw `wKn IqSpw. \à t^m t«m In«n-bm \ÃssÌen Rm³ Nn{X-§Ä hc-bv¡pw. ]e Iem-Im-c·m-cp-sSbpw \à Nn{X-§Ä I­mWv Rm³ hc-¨n-«p-f-f-Xv. Imhmew \mcmb-W-¸-Wn-¡scsbm¶pw Adn-bn-Ãmbn-cp-¶p. GtXm Hcp ]{X-¯n A t±-l-¯nsâ \sÃmcp t^mt«m I ­p AXp-t\m¡n t]mÀ«-ssdäv sN bvXp. \à t^mt«m In«p-t¼mÄ Xs¶ F\n¡v a\-Ên \sÃmcp C taPv ]Xnbpw. t^mt«m-bpsS sse änMv kvIow ImWp-t¼mÄ hc-bvt¡ ­ Nn{X-¯nse \ngepw shfn-¨hpw Ah-bpsS hÀW-§fpw a\-Ên sX fnbpw AX-\p-k-cn¨v s]bnânMv sN ¿pw. t]mÀ«-ssdäv sN¿m³ t^mt«m Hcp-]mSv D]-I-cn-¡pw. Hcp Bfns\ t\m¡n-bm-WtÃm hc-bvt¡-­Xv. hc-bvt¡­ Bfnsâ KpWw At±l-¯nsâ t^mt«mbv¡v In«pw. cmPmc-hn-hÀat]mepw Bfns\ Ccp-¯nbmWv hc-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. AXn-\p-t-ijw At±lw Bfns\ Ccp¯n t^mt«m FSp-¯n«v B t^mt«m t\m¡n

BÀ«nÌv cmP-ti-J-c³


kw`mjWw ]IÀ¯p-am-bn-cp-¶p. \½Ä ad-¡m sX \½psS a\-Ên Hmtcm¶pw F ¯n-¡p-¶Xv t^mt«m{Km^n Xs¶bm-Wv.  ]c-k-y-§-fpsS t_mÀUn hcbv¡p-¶Xpw Fgp-Xp-¶Xpw Xm¦Ä Xs¶-bmtWm? AsX Fgp-Xp-¶Xpw hc-bv¡p-¶ Xpw Rm³ Xs¶-bm-Wv. F\n¡v Hcp It¼m-knMv D­v. AXv thsdm-cmÄ Fgp-Xn-bm icn-bm-hp-I-bnÃ. C t¸mÄ Rm³ ]c-kyw hc-bv¡m\pw Fgp-Xm\pw H¶pw t]mIp-¶n-Ã. sSIv t\m-fPn hfÀ¶ntÃ? Ct¸mÄ {]nâSn¨v henb t_mÀUn H«n¨p h-bv ¡p-I-btÃ? hcbpw CÃ. Fgp¯pw CÃ.  Gähpw henb Cuk s]bn ânMv sNbvXv Kn¶kv _p¡n F¯n-btÃm? AXn-t\-¡p-dn¨v H¶p ]d-bptam? ^vfIvkv hÀ¡v h¶-tXmsS h enb ]c-k-y-§Ä hc-bv¡p-¶Xv \nÀ ¯-Wsa¶p hnNm-cn-¨p. Kn¶kv _p ¡n hcp¶ Hcp henb Nn{Xw hc¨n«v \nÀ¯-W-sa¶v Hcm-{K-lw. Gä hpw henb Hcp Cuk s]bnânMv sN¿m-sa¶v Rm³ Kn¶kv _p¡n B¹n-t¡-j³ sImSp-¯p. PÀa-\nbn Dff Hcp BÀ«nÌv 25 ASn Dbc-ap-ff Hcp Cuk s]bnân-Mn\v Kn¶kv t\Sn-bn-«p­v. AXn-t\-¡mÄ hepXv sN¿m-\mWv B¹n-t¡-j³ sImSp-¯-Xv. s\¿m-än³I-c-bn-ep-ff Fsâ kplr¯v BÀ«nÌv AeIvkn-t\mSv Rm³ At]£ sImSp ¯ hnh-c-saÃmw ]d-ªp. AXn\p th­n-bp-ff aq¶p-e£w cq] Ae Ivkv kwL-Sn-¸n-¨p-X-cm-sa¶p ]d ªp. Cuk-ensâ s]bnânMv Rm³ XpS§n 50 ASn hoXnbpw 25 ASn s]m¡-hp-ap-ff temI-¯nse BZ-y s¯ Xnc-sª-Sp-¡-s¸« Ia-yq-Wn-Ìv apJ-y-a{´n Cu Fw i¦-c³ \-¼q-Xncn-¸m-Snsâ s]bnânMv sNbvXp kn ]n sF (Fw) 19-þmw ]mÀ«n tIm¬ {Kkv tImb-¼-¯qÀ \S-¡p¶ XobXnbpw kpµ-c-ambn Fgp-Xn-tNÀ¯p. aq¶-c-Zn-hkw sIm­mWv B s]bn ânMv XoÀ¯-Xv. B s]bnânMv Kn-¶ kv _p¡n-se-¯p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Km Ôn-Pn-bpsS s]bnânMv Rm³ Hcp]mSv sNbvXn-«p-­v. KmÔn-Pn-bpsS Nn{X-¯n\v F\n¡v \mj-W A hmÀUpw In«n-bn-«p-­v. Hcp-]mSv s] bnân-Mp-IÄ sNbvXn-«p-­v. Iyq³ Fen-k-_-¯nsâ Nn{Xw, NmÄkn sâ ]Sw hntZ-is¯ ^pSvt_mÄ t¹ tbgvkv 50 t]cpsS Nn{Xw h-c-¨n-«p-

­v. C³U-y-bn-tebpw hntZ-i-s¯ bpw \nc-h[n {]ap-JÀ Fsâ {_ jn \n¶v ]nd-¶n-«p-­v. CâÀ\m-jW FIvkn-_n-j-\mbn bp sI e­³ HmIvkvt^mÀUv F¶n-hn-S§-fn t]mbn-«p-­v. ate-jy BÀ«v Kym-edn knwK-¸qÀ s]bnânMv FIv kn-_n-j³ Ch-bvs¡Ãmw t]mbn-«p­v. F-§pw-t]mbn ]Tn-¡msX kz ´w A[zm-\w-sIm­v Hcp Nn{X-Imc³ BIm³ km[n-¨p.  Iem- k w- h n- [ m- \ - ¯ n- t ebv¡v h¶-sX-§n-s\-bmWv? Ip«n-¡m-e¯v FÃm-¯cw kn\na-Ifpw It­m­v Ccp-¶-Xm-Wv. ]n ¶oSv \à kn\n-a-I-t-fm-Smbn F\n¡v XmÂ]-c-yw. Zqc-ZÀi³ ]­v H¶-c bv¡v Hcp kn\na CSp-am-bn-cp-¶p. \à kn\n-a-IÄ A§s\ImWm-am-bn-cp¶p. \à kn\n-a-I-tfmSpw \à kwhn[m-b-I-tcmSpw F\n¡v XmÂ]-c-y-ambn. A§-s\-bn-cp-¶-t¸m-gmWv ASqÀ tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW³ kmdnsâ "aXnepIÄ' F¶ kn\na Xotb-ä-dn F ¯p-¶-Xv. sk³{S Pbn-ensâ `m Khpw aXn-ep-I-fp-saÃmw AXnse Iem-kw-hn-[m-b-I³þinh³ sNbvXXmbncp¶p. B kn\n-a-bnse Hmtcm Ne-\-s¯-¸-än-t]mepw kn\nam B k-zm-Z-IÀ kwkm-cn-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p. kn\n-a--bv¡p-f-fn _oUn hen-¡p-¶ Xpw _¡-än shffw \nd-bv¡p-¶Xp-saÃmw \½psS \nX-y-Po-hn-X-¯n  ImWp-¶-Xp-t]mse Xs¶-bm-bncp-¶p. ASqÀ kmdnsâ FÃm kn\n-aIfpw Rm³ I­p. ASqÀ kmdnsâ Nn{X-§Ä¡v Iem-kw-hn-[m\w sN ¿-W-sa-¶p-ff B{K-l-am-bn. dnb-enÌnIv kn\na sN-¿-W-sa-¶p-ff B {Klw F\n-¡p-ap-­v. ASqÀ kmÀ "\ngÂ-¡p¯v' F¶ kn\na I\-ym-Ip-amcn PnÃ-bnÂsh¨v Nn{Xo-I-cn-¡p¶p F¶ hmÀ¯ hm bn¨p Ignªt¸mÄ Rm³ ASqÀ kmdns\hnfn-¨p. sNÃm³ At±lw ]-d-ªp. kn\na ]Tn-¡m³ At±-l¯nsâ Akn-Ìâmbn. BÀ«nÌv Bb-Xp-sIm­v kn\n-a-bv¡p th­ BÀ«nsâ t{]m¸À«n FÃmw H¸n¨p sImSp-¯Xv Rm\m-Wv. ASqÀ tKm ]m-e-IrjvW³ kmdnsâ c­v tUm ¡psaâ-dn-¡mWv Rm³ BZ-y-ambn Iem-kw-hn-[m\w sN¿p-¶-Xv. Iem-aWvUew cma³Ip«n Bim-s\-¡pdn¨pw tamln-\n-bm-«-¯n-t\-¡p-dn¨pw At±lw F-Sp¯ tUm¡psaâdnIÄ. ASqÀ tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW³ kmdn s\F\n¡v henb CjvS-amWv. At±l-¯nsâ Nn{X-§Ä¡v Iem-kw-hn-

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

41


kw`mjWw [m\w sN¿p-t¼mÄ kn\n-a-I-tf-¡pdn¨v ]Tn-¡m\pw ]äpw. AXp-I-gnªv Iem-kw-hn-[m\w sN¿p-¶Xv ASqÀ km-dnsâ \mep-s]-®p-§Ä F¶ kn\n-a-bv¡p-th-­n-bm-Wv. B kn\na-bnse Iem-kw-hn-[m-\-¯n\v \à Iem-kw-hn-[m-b-I-\p-ff kwØm\ AhmÀUpw F\n-¡p-In-«n.  \meps]-®p-§Ä F¶ kn\n-abv¡p-th­n Fs´m-s¡-bmWv Iemkw-hn-[m-\-¯n-eqsS sNbvXXv? XIgn inh-i-¦-c-¸n-ff kmdnsâ XI-gn-bn sh¨p Xs¶-bm-bn-cp¶p \mep-s]-®p-§Ä jq«nMv \S-¯n-b Xv. 1940  \S-¡p¶ kw`-h-amWv \m ep-s]-®p-§-fnse IY-bv¡p-f-fn Øe-¯n\pw hoSp-IÄ¡p-sams¡ Hcp-]mSv hy-X-ymkw ImWn-tÃ. Xncsª-Sp¯ Øes¯ hoSpw Øe hpw FÃmw 1940þXnte-Xp-t]mse B ¡nXoÀ¯p. hosSÃmw ]g-b-Xp-t]mse-bp-ff IfÀ sNbvXp icn-bm-¡n-bt¸mÄ hoSnsâ Hcp-`m-K¯v Hcp In WÀ thWw. 1940  D­m-¡p-¶Xp t]m-se-bp-ff Hcp InWÀ AhnsS D­m-¡n. InW-dnsâ apIÄ`mKw am {Xta \nÀan-¨p-f-fq. AI-t¯bv¡v t\m¡n-bm am{Xta InWÀ As-à ¶v a\-Ên-em-Iq. AXn ]g¡a-\pk-cn-¨p-ff Icn-¼m-bepw s]m«epw FÃmw sNbvXn-«p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. InWdn\p Npäpw t\ct¯ Infn-¨p-\n ¡p¶ coXn-bn-ep-ff ]pÃpw sh-¨p-]nSn-¸n-¨p. kn\n-a-bn A`n-\-bn¨ \Sn \µnX t]mepw shffw tImcm-\mbn sN¶-t¸m-gmWv AXv HÀPn-\ InWÀ Asöv Adn-bp-¶-Xv. B kn\n-a-bnse ]Ým¯ew 1940 teXp Xs¶ B¡n-sb-Sp-¯p.  ASqÀ tKm]m-e-Ir-jvWsâ "]n s¶bpw' F¶ ]pXnb kn\n-abnepw Iemkwhn-[m-\w \nÀh-ln-¡p¶p AtÃ? ASqÀ kmdnsâ ]pXnb ]Sw 1970 \pw 80 \pw CS-bn \S-¡p¶ IYbm-Wv. sImÃw PnÃ-bnse tXh-e¡c. kn\n-a-bpsS jq-«n-§n-\mbn Hcp ]gb F«p-sI«v skeIvSv sNbvXp. B F«p-sI«v \¶mbn s]bnâp sN bvXv ]pXnb sI«nSw t]mse B¡nbn-«n-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. AXnsâ P\-epw IX-Ip-saÃmw \à \oe-\n-d-aSn-¨p-sh-¨n-«p-­v. B sI«nSw ]g-b-Xpt]mse B¡m³ F\n¡v c­p am khpw X¶p. c­p-amkw ITn-\m-[-zm \w sNbvXv AXv ASqÀ kmdnsâ a\Ên-ep-ff F«p-sI-«m¡n amän. ho«pImÀ ]pXp¡n sh¨n-cp¶ sI«nSw Rm³ ]gb sI«n-S-am¡n amän. sXm-

42

Infn¸ - m«v

®q-än-F«p hÀjw ]g-¡-ap-ff sI«n Sw Ct¸mÄ AhnsS Xma-kn-¡p¶ ho«p-ImÀ hoSnsâ kwc-£-W-¯n-\m bn sI«n-\-I¯v Ccp-¼p-Xq-Wp-IÄ ^näp-sNbvXp. Cu XqWp-I-sfm¶pw ]äp-I-bnà F¶v ASqÀ kmÀ ]dªp. \à Hcp F©n-\o-b-dpsS ]WnXs¶ AhnsS sN¿m-\p-­m-bn-cp¶p. {^­nse c­v Ccp¼pXqWv sd bnÂ]mfw t]msebpff henb Ccp¼p-Xq¬ apI-fn ]nSn-¸n-¨n«v AI¯p-ff XqWp-I-sfÃmw ]vssfhp-UpsIm­v ad¨v XSn-sIm-­p-ff XqWpI-fm¡n Icn-ho-«n-bpsS IfÀ ASn ¡pIbpw sNbvXp sI«n-\-I-¯p-ff XqWp-I-sfÃmw ]gb XqWp-I-fmbn amdn. sI«n-S-¯n-\-I¯v ]gb Itkc-Ifpw ]gb tai-Ifpw ]gb I«n-epIfpw sIm­n-«p. Bcpw I­m Xncn-¨-dn-bm-¯-hn[w sI«nSw ]gb sI«n-S-ambn am-dn. ASqÀ kmÀ thWsa¶p ]d-bp-¶-sXÃmw B kn\n-abv ¡p th­n sNbvXn-«p-­v. thsd GsXÃmw kn\n-a-IÄ¡v Xm¦Ä Iem-kw-hn-[m\w sNbvXn «p­v? thsd Nne tUm¡psaâdn-IÄ sNbvXn-«p­v. ]ns¶ sI BÀ at\m Pv kwhn-[m\w sNbvX "I\y-ImSm¡okv' F¶ kn\n-abv¡p sNbvXn«p-­v. AXv ln Gcn-b-bn Dff Hcp Xotb-äÀ. AXv \S-¯m³ ]äm sX hcp¶ Ah-k-c-¯n B XotbäÀ Xs¶ ]ffn \S-¯m³ sImSp-¯n«p-t]m-Ip¶ IY-bmWv. Xotb-äÀ Xntb-ä-dm-bn«pw AXp-I-gnªv ]f-fnbm-bn«pw F\n¡v skäp sNt¿-­n-h¶p. Bcpw Xncn-¨-dn-bm¯ hn[-¯n 

 Rm³ Xotb-ädpw ]f-fnbpw \nÀan¨p. skäv sN-bvX-Xm-sW¶v hn[n-IÀ ¯m-¡Ä¡pw tXm¶m-¯-Xp-sIm­v AXn\v AhmÀUv In«nbn-Ã. A¶v Bta³ kn\n-abv¡v skän\v 77 e £w cq] F¶v henb ]c-kyw h¶Xp-sIm-­v AXnsâ Iem-kw-hn-[m-\¯n\v AhmÀUpw In«n. \Ã-I-em-kwhn-[m\w hn[n-IÀ¯m-¡Ä Adn-bp¶nà Fs¶mcp ZpxJ-ap-­v. Hcp Xangv Nn{X-¯nsâ Iem-kw-hn-[m\w sNbvXp. \oe-]-ß-\m-`sâ "Xe-ap-dIÄ' F¶ Hcp t\m-h-ens\Xan-gn "anIgv¨n' F¶ t]cn kn\n-a-bm¡n. \mKÀtIm-hn-en-emWv jq«nMv. Iem-kw-hn-[m-\-¯n\v Fs¶ hnfn¨p. Rm³ Iem-kw-hn-[m-\-¯n\v t]mbn. sN«n kv{Soänsâ HÀ-Pn-\menän sh¨v jq«nMv XpS-§m³ Xocp-am\n-¨p. kv{Soän-tebv¡v {]th-in-¡p¶n-S¯v Hcp ]Sn-¸p-c-th-W-sa¶v Ub-d-IvSÀ ]d-ªp. sN«n kv{Soän ]Sn-¸pc Csöv Rm³ ]dªp, A bmÄ k½-Xn-¨n-Ã. Abm-fpsS Cjv-S¯n\v Iem-kw-hn-[m\w sNbvXpsIm-Sp-¯p. A¶v Rm³ Xocp-am-\n ¨p ta-em hnh-c-an-Ãm¯ kwhn-[mb-I-cpsS Nn{-X-§Ä¡v Iem-kw-hn[m\w sN¿p-I-bn-sÃ-¶v. ASqÀkmdnsâ ]S-¯nsâ Iem-kw-hn-[m\w Rm³ Gsd C-jvS-s¸-Sp-¶p. At±-l¯nsâ kwhn-[m-\hpw Rm³ Gsd CjvS-s¸-Sp-¶p. \à kwhn-[m-b-I-cp sS Nn{X-§-fn Iem-kw-hn-[m\w sN¿p-¶-Xn F\n¡v _p²n-ap-«nÃ. Nn{X-Im-c-\mb Rm³ Nn{X-Im-c-\m bn Xs¶ XpScpw. \à kwhn-[m-b-I sc In«n-bm Iem-kw-hn-[m-\hpw sN¿pw.


]T-\w {]nb Fkv

(Ip-dn-tb-S¯v Xm{Xn F¶ t\m-h-ens\ Bkv]-Z-am¡n Hcp ]T-\w)

kw

kvImcw a\p-j-ysâ Pohn-X-co-Xn-bpsSbpw s]cp-amä N«-§-fp-sSbpw hni-zm-k§-fp-sSbpw amä-§-fp-sSbpw kmaq-lnI at\m-`m-h-§ fpsSbpw BsI XpI-bm-Wv. ssZh-¯nsâ kz´w \m sS¶v JymXn tI« tIc-fhpw C¯-c-¯n Hcp Iq«w a\p-j-y-cpsS Pohn-X-co-Xn-bn \n¶pw Dcp-¯n-cnª kwkvIm-c-¯n \ne-sIm-f-fp¶ `q{]-tZ-i-am-Wv. tIcf kwkvImcw \nc-h[n hnNn-{X-amb BNm-cm-\p-jvTm-\§-fp-sSbpw hni-zm-k-§-fp-sSbpw tIZm-c-am-Wv. tIcf Ncn-{X-¯nsâ GSp-IÄ ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-t¼mÄ IuXp-Iap-WÀ¯p¶ ]e hkvXp-X-Ifpw ImWm³ km[n-¡pw. Hmtcm hni-zm-k-§fpw Hmtcm BNm-c-§fpw Adn-bpt¼mÄ Ah \½-fn krjvSn-¡p-¶Xv ]e-Xcw `mh-§-

fm-Wv. A¯-c-¯n tIcf Ncn-{X-¯n XnI¨pw PpKp]vk-tbm-sSbpw `oXn-tbm-sSbpw hnkva-b-t¯m-sSbpw \mw C¶pw hmbn-¡p-Ibpw Adn-bp-Ibpw sN¿p¶ H¶mWv "kvamÀ¯ hnNm-cw'. 19-þmw \qäm-­n tIc-fs¯ _m[n-¨n-cp¶ hnj-ambn-cp¶p "kvamÀ¯ hnNm-cw'. \¼qXncn kap-Zm-b-¯n se Idp¯ GSp-I-fn H¶v. Pmc-kw-kÀKw Btcm-]n¡-s¸-Sp¶ kv{Xosb Hä-s¸-Sp¯n amän ]mÀ]n-¡p-¶p. XpSÀ¶v hnNm-cW \S-¯p-¶p. Ipä-k-½Xw \S-¯p-¶Xn-\mbn [mcmfw ]oV-\-ap-d-IÄ Ah-fn {]tbm-Kn¡p-¶p. hnNm-c-W-bvs¡m-Sp-hn ASp-¡-f-tZmjw B tcm-]n-¡-s¸« kv{Xosb ]Sn-b-S¨v ]nWvUw hbv¡p-¶p. XpSÀ¶p-ff Ah-cpsS PohnXw Zpcn-X-a-b-am-Wv. bm sXmcp ASn-Øm-\hpw CÃmsX GsXmcp A´ÀP-\s¯bpw Btcm]Ww D¶-bn-¡m³ A¶s¯ kaq-l¯n\p km[n-¨n-cp-¶p. AXp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ bmsXmcp kpc-£n-X-X-zhpw A¶s¯ \¼q-Xncn kv{XoIÄ A\p`-hn-¨n-cp-¶n-Ã. Ccp-]-Xmw-\q-äm­nsâ BZ-y-L«w hsc-bp-ff tIcf-N-cn{Xw ]cn-tim-[n-¨m \¼q-Xn-cn-amÀ¡v tIc-f-¯n  D­m-bn-cp¶ ]c-am-[n-Imcw hy-à-am-Ip-¶p. F¶m  CtX hwi-¯n ]nd¶ kv{XoI-fpsS \ne AXn-Z-b\o-b-am-bn-cp-¶p. ASp-¡-f-bnepw A´-¸p-c-¯nepw am {X-ambn HXp§n Pohn-t¡­n h¶ ChÀ¡v A`n-{]mb kzm-X-{´ywt]mepw D­m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. ]e-Xcw A\m-Nmc-§Ä¡pw _en-bm-Sm-bn-cp-¶Xv kv{XoI-fm-bn-cp-¶p. tIcf kwkvIm-c-¯nsâ Icn-\n-g-embn B Ncn{Xw C ¶pw \nd-ªp-\n¡p-¶p. A¡m-e¯v ASp-¡-f-tZm jw IÂ]n-¡-s¸-Sp¶ kv{XoIÄ aäv A´ÀP-\-§-sft]mse hoSnsâ Df-f-d-I-fn HXp§n \n¶-hÀ Xs¶bmWv. F¶m Btcm-]-W-am-bmepw bmYmÀY-y-am-bm epw AXn-\v hgn-h-bv¡p¶ ]pcp-j-s\-¡mÄ IqSp-X ]oU\w A\p-`-hn-t¡­n h¶n-cp-¶Xv kv{XoIÄ X s¶-bm-Wv. A_-e-I-fm-bn-cp¶ A´ÀP-\-§sf AXn\p-f-fn Xs¶-bp-f-f-hÀ NqjWw sN¿p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m A¶s¯ kmaq-lnI Npäp-]m-Sp-IÄsIm­pw AhØ sIm­pw CXn-s\-Xnsc {]Xn-I-cn-¡p-hm³ Hcp kv{Xo¡pw Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. AXp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ ]p cp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xzw kv{XoX-zs¯ ASn-¨-aÀ¯pI Xs¶ sNbvXp. A¡m-e¯v \¼q-Xncn kap-Zm-b-¯nse kv{XoI-fp sS am\-knI hym-]m-c-§Ä¡pw imco-cnI kzm-X-{´-y§Ä¡pw ISp¯ hne¡v GÀs¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cp-¶-Xn-t\m-

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

43


]T-\w sSm¸w Xs¶ Ah-cpsS ]pcp-j-·mÀ Ip¯-gnª ssewKnI kzm-X-{´yw A[n-Im-c-t¯msS Xs¶ A\p-`-hn¨n-cp-¶p. shdpw kwi-b-¯nsâ \ngenÂt]mepw kv{Xo in£-s¸-Sp-t¼m Ä AXn-s\-¡mÄ ISp¯ A]-cm-[§-fnepw ]pcp-j-hÀKw Hcp hne¡pw CÃmsX hncm-Pn-¡p-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p 19-þmw \qäm­nsâ henb im]w. CXn \n¶pw thdn«v tIÄ¡p¶ i_vZ-amWv Ipdn-tb-S¯v Xm{Xn-bptS-Xv. AXp-sIm­p Xs¶ Ncn-{X¯n CXn\v {]m[m-\-y-ap-­v. Xs¶ {]m]n¨ Adp-]-XnÂ]cw ]pcp-j-·mcpsS t]cp-IÄ sXfnhv klnXw \nc¯m³ Xm{Xn¡v Ign-ªp. ASn-¨-aÀ ¯-en-s\-Xnsc BZ-y-ambn tI« s] ¬[-z-\n-bmWv Xm{Xn-bp-tS-Xv. AXpsIm-­mWv Ncn-{X-¯nepw kmlnX-y-¯nepw Xm{Xn C¶pw \nd-ªm-Sp¶-Xv. Ipdn-tb-S¯v kmhn{Xo A´À P\w F¶ kv{XobpsS hm¡p-IÄ Aán-bm-b-tXmsS \nc¯n \nÀ¯s¸« t{ijvT-X-IÄ incÊv Ip\n-¨p. \¼q-Xncn kap-Zm-b-¯nsâ \thm-Ym \Nn´bv¡v XpS-¡-an-«Xpw Ipdn-tb-S ¯v Xm{Xn-bpsS kvamÀ¯ hnNm-c-amsW¶v ]d-bmw. Ipdn-tb-S¯v Xm{Xn-bpsS kvamÀ ¯ hnNm-c-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v \nc-h [n IrXn-IÄ h¶n-«p­v. IhnX, sN dp-IY, t\mhÂ, \mSIw XpS-§nb FÃm kmln-X-y-im-J-I-fnepw Xm{Xn hnj-b-am-bn-«p-­v. A¯-c-¯n Hcp t\mh-emWv \µsâ "Ipdntb-S¯v Xm{Xn'. t\mh-ensâ BJym\w X s¶ hy-X-y-kvXX ]peÀ¯p-¶p-­v. BJ-ym-\-¯nepw CXn-hr-¯-¯nepw `mj-bnepw \µ³ ]peÀ¯p¶ hyX-y-kvX-XsbIpdn¨v Ah-Xm-cn-I-bn  Be-t¦mSv eoem-Ir-jvW³ hyà-am-¡p-¶p-­v. t\mh-ensâ {]ta bw ]mT-t`-Z§tfmsS hnI-kn-¨p-bcp¶ ImgvNsb Ipdn¨pw At±lw Nq­n-¡m-Wn-¡p-¶p. t\mh-enÌv kv {Xo]-£-\n-e-]mSv ]peÀ¯p-t¼mgpw Ncn-{Xm-ß-I-amb sXfn-hp-I-fn-eq-sSbmWv IS-¶p-t]m-Ip-¶-Xv. hy-à-am b sXfn-hp-I-fp-sSbpw ]{X-hmÀ¯-Ifp-sSbpw \m«-dn-hp-I-fp-sSbpw ]n³_e-t¯msS XnI¨pw kX-y-k-Ô-amb Hcp At\-z-j-W-amWv Cu t\mh-en sâ cN-\-bn \µ³ Ah-ew-_n-¨n-cn¡p-¶-Xv. Cu t\mh-en Xm{Xnsb t\mh-enÌv Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xv kc-kbpw kpµ-cnbpw _p²n-a-Xn-bpam-bn-«m-Wv. sNdp-¸-¯n Xs¶ Xsâ Nn´-I-fn Du¶n-\n¡p-I bpw hnim-e-amb hnNm-c-§-fn-eqsS Xsâ a\-Êns\ Xpd-¶n-Sp-Ibpw sN bvX s]¬Ip-«n-bmWv Ipdn-tb-S¯v

44

Infn¸ - m«v

Aán- b m- s W ¶v Adn-ªp-sIm ­p ]d-¶-Sp¯ ie-`am-bn-cp¶p Xm{-Xn. Be-t¦mSv eoem-Ir-jvW³

Xm{Xn. ASp-¡-f-bn am{Xw HXp-§n\n¶ A´ÀP-\-§-fpsS a\Êpw Nn ´bpw \mev Np-h-cp-IÄ¡p-f-fn am dme sI«n-¡n-S-¶p. F¶m Xm{Xn Ah-cn \n¶pw hy-X-y-kvX-bm-bn-cp¶p. AXp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ kz-X-{´-am b Nn´bpw {]hr-¯nbpw Xsâ Po hn-X-¯n D­m-I-W-sa¶v Xm{Xn hni-z-kn-¨n-cp-¶p. F¶m Xsâ Np äp-ap-ff kap-Zmb hne-¡p-I-fn \nÀ _-Ô-]qÀhw Xm{Xn¡pw HXp-t§­n-h-¶p. _Ôp-¡fpw ]cn-Nb-¡m cpw AS-§p¶ kaqlw Xsâ t\tc Ab-bv¡p¶ t\m«w ip²-a-söv a\-Ên-em-¡m³ Xm{Xn¡v Ign-ªn-cp¶p. AXn-\p-ff _p²nbpw Nn´m-tijnbpw Xm{Xn¡v D­m-bn-cp-¶p. F ¶m Xsâ ico-c-¯n\v t\À¡p­mb BZy B{I-a-W-§sf AXnPo-hn-¡m³ Xm{Xn¡v Ign-ªn-cp-¶nÃ. A¯cw B{I-a-W-§-tfm-Sp-ff {]Xn-Im-c-_p²n Xs¶-bmIpw Xm{Xn sb a\-¸q-Àhamb ]m]-§-fn-te¡v ]n¶oSv sIms­-¯n-¨-Xv. Aán-bmsW¶v Adn-ªp-sIm­p ]d-¶-Sp ¯ ie-`-am-bn-cp¶p Xm{-Xn. Ip«n-¡mew apX Xs¶ ]pcp-j sâ B{K-l-§Ä¡v Cc-bm-tI­n h¶-h-fmWv Xm{Xn. _Ôp-¡-fmepw ]cn-N-b-¡m-cmepw ]oU-\-¯n\v Ccbm-tI-­n-h¶ s]¬Ip-«n¡v {]Xn-Ic-W-¯n\v A¶v sIÂ]p­mbn-cp¶n-Ã. Nqj-W-a-t\m-`m-h-t¯m-sS-bm Wv Xm{Xn¡v Npäp-ap-ff ]pcp-j-tem Iw kao]n-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. ]pcp-j-ta-[mhn-X-z-¯n-s\-Xnsc \mhp-bÀ¯m³ A¶v Xm{Xn¡v Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. kvamÀ¯hnNm-c-¯nsâ A\-´-c-^e-§Ä Adn-bp¶ Hcp A´ÀP-\hpw AXn\v apXn-cp-I-bn-Ã. `oj-Wn-bn-eq

sS AS-¡n-\nÀ¯n A\p-`-hn-¡phm³ A¶s¯ ]pcpj hÀK-¯n\v km[n-¨n-cp-¶p. Hcp Xpd¶ {]Xn-I-c Ww krjvSn-¡m-hp¶ {]Xym-Lm-X§Ä ap¶n I­p-X-s¶-bmWv Xm {Xn Hmtcm Icp-¡fpw \o¡n-bn-cp¶Xv. cl-k-y-h-gn-I-fn-eqsS Ccsb IpSp ¡n sIWn-bn hogv¯m³ Xm{Xn¡v Ign-ªp. a\-¸qÀh-amb sIWnsbm cp-¡Â Bbn-cp-¶-Xn-\m-emWv Ahcp-tSXv am{X-amb AS-bm-f-§Ä Xm {Xn Ipdn-¨p-h-¨-Xv. HSp-hn Hcp kv amÀ¯ hnNmcw Xm{Xn ap¶n I ­n-cp-¶p. Adp-]-XnÂ]cw hy-àn-IfpsS t]cp-IÄ AS-bm-f-k-lnXw bm sXmcp aSn-bp-an-ÃmsX Xpd-¶-Sn-¡m³ Xm{Xn¡v Ign-ª-Xpw AXp-sIm-­mWv. AXn \ap¡v tIÄ¡m³ Ignbp-¶Xv Bª-Sn-¡p¶ {]Xn-tj-[¯nsâ IS-sem-en-bm-Wv. kz´w Xd-hm-«nepw `ÀXr-Kr-l¯nepw Hcp-t]mse ]pcp-j-Im-a-\-I Ä¡v hnt[-b-bm-tI­n h¶-h-fmWv Xm{Xn. a\-Ên Fcn-ªp-sIm-­n-cp ¶ I\ Aán-bmbn Bfn-I-¯n¨v AXn ]m]w sNbvX-hsc Zln-¸n¨v \in-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw Xm{Xn¡v Ignªp. A´ÀP-\-§sf ]c-]p-cp-j³ ImWp-¶-Xp-t]mepw ]m]-ambn IcpXn-bn-cp¶ B Ime¯v KWnIm Kr l-hm-khpw kv{Xo ico-c-h-ÀW-\-bpambn A[¸-Xn¨ \¼q-Xn-cn-amÀ X§fpsS A´-¸pch\n-X-I-sfbpw {]m ]n-¨n-cp¶p F¶-XmWv Xm{Xn-bn-eq sS a\-Ên-em-¡m³ Ign-bp-¶-Xv. B ]m]-¯nsâ ^ew F¡m-e¯pw kv {XoI-Ä A\p-`-hn¨p h¶n-cp-¶p. F ¶m AXnÂ\n¶pw hy-X-y-kvX-am bn ]m]w sNbvX ]pcp-j-s\-IqSn {] Xn-Øm-\¯v \nÀ¯n in£ \ÂIm


]T-\w ³ Xm{Xn¡v Ign-ªp. AXv t_m[]qÀh-amb Iog-S-§-en-eq-sS- Xs¶bm-Wv. kzbw ]m]n-\n-bm-bn-¯oÀ¶v hcpw-X-e-ap-d-bnse A´-¸p-c-kv{Xo-I sf c£n-¡m-\p-ff {ia-amWv Xm{Xn \S-¯n-b-Xv. A`n-\h Xm{Xn-amÀ C \nbpw D­mIpw F¶ `bw ]pcp-jhÀKs¯ -h-\n-X-Isf ssewKn-I-am bn NqjWw sN¿p-¶-Xn-eqsS ]qÀ W-ambpw hne-¡p-sa¶ t_m[w Xm {Xn¡v D­m-bn-cp-¶p. Xm{Xn-sb-¡p-dn-¨p-ff `mj-y-§Ä ]e-Xm-Wv. shdpw A`n-km-cn-I-tbm fw A[-¸-Xn¨, Ima-¯n\v th­n am {Xw Pohn¨ s]®v F¶ \ne-bnepw aXn_v-{`aw _m[n-¨-hÄ F¶ \nebnepw Xm{Xn ]e coXn-I-fn Ah-Xcn-¸n-¡-s¸-«p. A`n-km-cn-Im-[Àaw am {Xw A\p-hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-th­n bmWv Xm{Xn Xsâ PohnXw hn\ntbm-Kn-¨-sX-¦nÂ, shdpw kpJ-Xr-jv Wbv¡p ]pd-tI-bmWv ]mªn-cp-¶sX-¦n Xm{Xn Xs¶ kao-]n¨ ]pcp-j-·m-cpsS cl-k-y-amb AS-bmf-§fpw AhÀ Xs¶ {]m]n¨ ka-b hpw Øehpw t_m[-]qÀhw kq£nt¡-­n-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. Xm{Xn Nn¯_v-{`a-ap-f-f-h-fm-bn-cp-s¶-¦n C¯-c-¯n  ap³[m-c-W-tbmsS Ch kq£n¡p-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. Xm{Xn Xsâ Pohn XwsIm­v krjvSn-¡m³ t]mIp¶ hn¹-hs¯Ipdn¨v t_m[-h-Xn-bm-bn-

cp- ¶ p. AXmWv "Ipdntb- S ¯v Xm{Xn' F¶ t\mh-en-eqsS hmb-\¡m-c\v e`n-¡p-¶-Xpw. A¶s¯ \n b-a-¯n\v ap¶n Xs¶ Cc-bm-¡nb-hsc \nÀ¯m³ th­ sXfn-hpIÄ Xm{Xn tiJ-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. kz´w \oXn kzbw Dd-¸m-¡pIbpw kzbw Bª-Sn-¡p-I-bp-am-bn-cp-¶p. \odn Zln-¡p-¶-Xn\v ap³]v Xs¶ NqjWw sNbvX-h-scbpw AtX A án-bn Zln-¸n-¡m³ th­n am{XamWv Xm{Xn Ah-k-c-§Ä krjvSn¨-Xv. CXv shdpw km¦Â]n-I-amb h kvXp-X-IÄ AÃ. hy-à-amb sXfnhp-IÄ Dff Ncn{X kw`-h-am-Wv. Hcp \qäm-­n-\n¸pdw Imew C¶v IpXn¨v apt¶-dn. AXn-\n-S-bn Im ew amdn, Imem-hØ amdn, ]pXnb ka-c-§Ä, ]pXnb hn¹-h-§Ä, ]p Xnb Bi-b-§Ä Hs¡ h¶p-t]mbn F¶n-«pw. C¶v \½psS ]{X-¯m-fpI-fn ]oU-\-hmÀ¯-I-fmWv Øm \w ]nSn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. ]pd-¯-dn-bp-¶Xn-s\-¡mÄ ]pd-¯-dn-bm¯ kw`-h§Ä D­v. kaq-l-¯n\pw \nb-a-¯n \pw ap¶n F¯p-¶-h-sb-¡mÄ Gsdbpw F¯m-¯-h-bm-Wv. Imetasd Ign-ªn«pw tIcfw k¼qÀW km£-cX t\Sn-bn«pw tIcfw "]oU \-§-fpsS kz´w \mSm'bn amdp¶ ImgvN-bmWv \mw C¶v ImWp-¶-Xv.

C¶-se-bn-eq-sSbpw C¶n-eq-sSbpw k©-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ \mw a\-Ên-em-¡p¶Xv kv{Xo A¶pw C¶pw kpc-£nX-b-Ã. hoSn-\p-f-fnse \mev Nph-cpIÄ¡p-f-fnepw hnZ-ym-e-b-§-fnepw kaq-l-a-[-y-¯nepw tPmen-Ø-e-§fnepw Hcn-S¯pw AhÄ kpc-£n-XbÃ. C¶v s^an-\nÌv Nn´-IÀ D­v. \nb-a-ap­v. \nb-a-]m-e-IÀ D­v. F ¶n«pw ]n¨n-No´-s¸-Sp¶ kv{XoXzw \n-e-hn-fn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. \qäm-­p-IÄ ¡-¸pdw tI« AtX \ne-hnfn C¶pw XpS-cp-¶p. ]c-k-y-Npw-_-\-¯n\pw kv{Xo]p-cp-j-k-a-X-z-¯n\pw A[n-Imc-§Ä¡pw th­n t]mc-Sn-¡p¶ Cu D¯-cm-[p-\nI Ime-L«-¯n \mw Adn-tb­ H¶mWv Xm{Xn-bp sS Pohn-Xw. kz´w ico-cs¯ c£n¡m³ Ign-bmsX t]mb s]®v Xsâ hÀK-¯nsâ cIv-j-bv¡mbn, am\¯n-\mbn DbÀ¯nb BZ-ys¯ s] ¬i_vZw F¶v Xm{Xnsb ]d-bmw. Ahn-sS-bmWv Xm{Xn-bpsS {]k-àn. ]c-k-yamb \á-Xbv¡pt]mepw aSnbn-Ãm¯, XnIª aqe-y-N-yp-Xn-bp-ff Cu AXyp-¯-cm-[p-\n-I-Xbv¡v ap ¶n \n¡p-t¼mÄ Xm{Xn C¶pw Nn´-\ob- hnjbw Xs¶. Xsâ icocw kv{XoIÄ¡v th­n Bbp-[am-¡n-b-hÄ C¶pw ]mT-t`-Z-§-tfm sS hmbn-¡-s¸-Sp-I-bm-Wv.

IcpWmkmbnbn "Icfn hncnª]q¡Ä'

hmÀ¯

temIsl¸säänkv Zn\(Pqsse 28)t¯mS\p_Ôn¨v IcpWmkmbn "Icfn hncnª]q¡Ä' F¶ t]cn FIvkn_n j\pw skan\mdpw IqSmsX saUn¡Â Iym¼pw kwLSn¸n¨p. aq¶pZnhk§fnembn \S¶ ]cn]mSnIfn hnhn[ kvIqfpIfnsebpw tImsfPpIfnsebpw Bbnc¡W¡n\v hnZymÀYnIfpw kn\namkocnb Xmcw IntjmÀ kXy³, tUm sP lcn{µ\mYv, EjncmPv knMv XpS§nbhcpw ]s¦Sp¯p.

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

45


\mw \S-¶ hgn-IÄ 04

shff\mSv cmaN{µ³ 9495828585

CS-h-I-¡m-cyw tIc-fob ss{IkvXh kaqlw C¶v hym-]-I-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ "CS-hI' AÀY-]-cn-Wmaw kw`-hn¨ Hcp {ZmhnU ]Z-am-Wv. {InkvXp-aXw tIc-f-¯n-te¡v BZm\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn\p ap³]pw tIc-f-¯net§m-f-an-t§mfw CS-h-I-IÄ \ne-\n¶ncp-¶p. thÄ {]`p-¡-·m-cpsS `c-W-{]-tZ-i-§-fm-bn-cp¶p CS-h-I-IÄ.

ss{I

kvXh ]p tcm- l n- X sâ Bßob`c-W-¯n³ Iognep-ff {] tZ-is¯bmWv CS-hI F¶ ]ZwsIm­v AÀY-am-¡p-¶-Xv. Cw¥o-jn  CXn\v kam-\-amb ]Zw dioeese BWv. {Ko¡v `mj-bn dioikese bpw. _nj-¸nsâ Pnà (Bishop’s district) F¶mWv \nL-­p-¡-fn ImWp¶ AÀYw. tIc-fob ss{IkvXh kaq lw C¶v hym-]-I-ambn D]-tbm-Kn¡p¶ "CS-hI' AÀY-]-cn-Wmaw k `-hn¨ Hcp {ZmhnU ]Z-am-Wv. {Inkv Xp-aXw tIc-f-¯n-te¡v BZm\w sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn\p ap³]pw tIc-f¯net§m-f-an-t§mfw CS-h-I-IÄ \ne-\n-¶ - n-cp-¶p. BZn-tN-c-·m-cpsS Imew apX Xs¶ Ipe-kw-L-`-cWw \ne-hn-en-cp¶ tIc-f-¯n N{I-hÀ¯n-am-cp-sS Iogn {]hn-i-ym-`-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-IÄ `cWw ssIbm-fn-bn-cp-¶p. Chsc "thÄ' F¶pw "BbvthÄ' F¶pw hnfn-¨n-cp-¶p. C¯cw thÄ {]`p-¡·m-cpsS `c-W-{]-tZ-i-§-fm-bn-cp¶p CS-h-I-IÄ. Cu CS-{]-`p-¡-·mÀ¡v CS-hm-gn-sb¶pw Ch-cpsS hmgvN¡v CS- h m- g v N - s b¶pw ]d- ª n- c p- ¶ p. tI{µ-`-c-W-¯nsâ Iogo-S-§-fm-bncp¶ CS-h-I-IÄ¡v a\p-j-y-IÂ]nX AXn-cp-IÄ¡v ]Icw tXmSp-Ifpw \Zn-Ifpw Ip¶p-I-fp-am-bn-cp¶p AXncp-I-fmbn \nÝ-bn-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. {Inkv Xp-aXw hym-]-I-ambn {]N-cn-¡-s¸-SpIbpw Hcp kwL-SnX cq]w ssIh-cn¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-tXm-Sp-IqSn Hmtcm aX-[-y-£³am-cp-tSbpw B

46

Infn¸ - m«v


\mw \S-¶ hgn-IÄ [ym-ßnI `c-W-{]-tZ-i-§Ä¡v AXncp-IÄ \nÝ-bn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw ae-bmfn-bpsS \m¡n\p hg-§m¯ dioeese ¡v ]Icw P\-Io-b-]-Z-amb CS-h-I sb hIsImf-fn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cu {]{In-bbv¡v t\À km£-y-ambn hb-\mSv PnÃ-bn am\-´-hmSn Xm eq-¡n I_-\o-\-Zn-bpsS Xoc¯v Hcp {Kma-ap­v; t]cv FS-hI (C-S-hI). hb-\m-«nse CS-h-I-I-sf-¡p-dn¨v Xncp-s\Ãn¸«-b-¯n ]cm-aÀi-ap­v. a\p-Ip-em-Zn-X-y³ F¶v ]«-t¸À kzo-I-cn¨ tNc-cm-Pm-hmb `mkvI-cchn (962-þ1021) bpsS H¶mw Xncps\Ãn¸«-b-¯n C§ns\ ImWmw, ""......... aq¯-Iq-änev Fgp-¶q-äp-h-cpw ]Wn-bp-Sb \mb\pw Ducpw \men-ShssI shf-fm-f-cp-av....'' H¶mw sN t¼me BZ-y-h-i-¯mWv Cu ]cm-aÀ i-ap-f-f-Xv. C¶s¯ CS-h-I-{Km-a¯nse s\¡Àj-IÀ¡v A`n-am-\ambn Kthj-IÀ hnI-kn-¸n-s¨-Sp¯ s\Ãn-\-¯nsâ t]cpw "FShI' F ¶pX-s¶. tIc-f-¯nse hb-te-e-I Ä¡v dmWn-bm-bn-¯oÀ¶, {]Xn-tcm[-ti-jn-bnepw AX-ypÂ-]m-Z-\-¯n epw InS-bä, Cu hn¯n-\-¯n\v IÀ j-Icpw Irjn-im-kv{X-Úcpw \ Inb A`n-\-µ-\hpw Cu CS-hI{Km aw Gäp-hm-§n. XoÀ¶nÃ, CS-h-I-bp sS CXn-lm-kw. CS-hI ]{XnI F

¶ t]cn Hcp ]{Xhpw tIc-f-¯n {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨n-«p-­v. ]uc-kvXy {In kvXob k`-bmb ae-¦c HmÀ¯tUmIvkv hn`mKw F Un 1892  tIm«-b¯p \n¶m-cw`n¨ Hcp B ßob {]kn-²o-I-c-W-amWv CS-hI ]{Xn-I. 1911  {]km-[\w \n¶pt]mb Cu {]kn-²o-I-c-W-¯nsâ ]{Xm-[n]À ]WvUn-X\mb ^nen¸v CS-h-gn-¡Â Bbn-cp-¶p. CSbpw hIbpw tNÀ¶v cq]wsIm­ Hcp Iq«p-]-Z-am-WtÃm CS-hI. "CS'¡v \Sp-hn-ep-ff Øew, AI ew, hoXn Fs¶m-s¡-bmWv ae-bm-f¯n AÀYw. s\Ãn-Sbpw, ISp-In-S bpw, AWp-In-Sbpw AI-es¯ Im Wn-¡p-t¼mÄ, sRmSn-bnS ka-b-_Ôn-bm-Wv. \ofnS F¶ {]mNo\{] tbm-K-¯n "CS'bv¡v hoXn-sb¶v hnh-£-bp-f-f-t¸mÄ CSw-I-gn-¡pI F¶ ssieo-{]-tbm-K-¯n\v \nX-yhr¯n Ign-¡pI F¶m-WÀYw. aebm-f-¯nse CS Xan-gn "CssS' BWv Xpfp-hn "CsU' F¶pw. AÀYhpw kam-\w. Xan-gn "hssI' F¶pÑ-cn-¡p¶ hIbv¡v Øew, k¼¯v, Iq«w, PmXn, Xcw, hIp¸v F¶n-§s\ AÀY-§Ä ImWmw. ip ²-a-e-bm-f-¯nse "hI' \¼q-Xncn ae- b m- f - ¯ n "hl'bmIp¶Xpw \ap¡v ]cn-Nn-Xw. hIbv¡v sImf-fm-

Kpl³

¯-h-tcbpw hI-h-bv¡m-¯-h-tcbpw hI-h-cp-¯p-¶-h-tcbpw hI-Xn-cnhv CÃm-¯-h-tcbpw \mw \ntX-y\I­pap-«m-dp-­v. C¯cw Bfp-I-fn \n¶v hI-Xn-cnªv amdn \S-¡p-¶-XmWv ac-ym-Z-¡mÀ¡v A`n-Im-a-y-sa¶ D]tZ-ihpw ]e-t¸mgpw \mw tIÄ¡m-dpap-­v. hIsIm-f-fn-¡epw hI-am-äepw GXm­v _UvPäv {]tbm-K-§-fmbn Npcp-§n-bn-«p-­v. C§ns\ {]tbmK hnti-j-§ÄsIm­v hI-bpsS AÀ Y-§Ä¡v \nc-h[n hI-t`-Z-§Ä ImWmw. hIbv¡v kaqlw F¶ kmam-\-ymÀYw IÂ]n-¨m hI-bv ¡p-sIm-f-fm¯h³ kaq-l-¯n\p sImffm¯-h - -\mbnXocpw. ae-IÄ ¡pw \Zn-IÄ¡pw CSbv¡v hcp¶ {] tZ-i-¯p-ff Iq«w AY-hm P\-k-aq lw Xs¶-bmWv CS-h-I-sb¶v t_m [-y-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ samgn-h-g-¡-§-fmWv C¶pw \½psS ap³]n-ep-f-f-Xv. {]mNo\Xan-g-Is¯ cmPm-¡-·mcpsS IogoS-§-fm-bn-cp¶ CS-h-I-I-fnemWv ImÀjnIhr¯n ]pjvSn-{]m-]n¨Xpw, kwkvImcw hfÀ¶v hym-]n-¨ Xpw, CS-{]-`p-¡-·mÀ hmgvN-bm-cw-`n-¨ Xpw, ^yq-UÂ-þhy-h-Øbv¡v Akv Xn-hm-c-an-«Xpw. XnI¨pw `uXnI `-c W hy-h-Ø-bn \ne-\n-¶n-cp¶ CSh-Isb Bßob hmgv-N-¡mÀ hI amän {]-tbm-Kn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p.

IhnX tUm Fw kn \mbÀ

IjvSIme¯n³ I®ocmäneqsSmcn¡Â Rm³ IÀ¡nS¡cnt´mWntbI\mbv¯pgbpt¼mÄ Xoc¯pXncn\o«n Xocm¯ZpxJ§Ä X³ \mcmbap\ Iodpwt\mhpIfoW§fmbv Hmf§fmbn¡pfnÀ¡mämbn cmambWþ ioepIÄs¡m¸w Xpg¯mf¯neenªpt]mbv! s]s«¶p Imäpw tImfpw \nebnÃmXmg¯n s¸«pRm³ hebpt¼mÄ X¡¯nsemcmsf¯n Nn§t¯mWnbn Xpgsª¯nt¨³ e£yØew \µn Rmt\mXpw apt¼ hnSsNmÃntb \n¶q! shdptX D]Nmchms¡¶ a«nÂt¸mepw shdptX tNmZn¨Xnsçp e£vaW³, koX? Adnªn«p­mabmÄ \oXntISpIÄ hmgv¯n FgpXm³ hmÂaoIn¡pamhXÃn¡me¯nÂ! Xmt´m¶n Xm³ Xms\¶pw sNbvXoSpw IÀa§Ä X³ k´m]w ]Ip¯oSptaXpe£vaW³ koX? F¦nepap]ImcÖyw`nX\mbvt¨mZnt¨³ "Xm¦fmc?' h\Xn\p¯ctaIo£Ww! tIĸote cmambWancpfn³ Xoc§fn t\À¯cm¡pbn Zo\Km\w t]mÂIpSnÂtXmdpw A£cw X¸n¯¸n hmbn¡m³ ]Tn¸nt¨mþ cÑsâ aI\tÃm Xm¦Ä; Rm³ injy³ Kpl³!

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

47


ImSv km£n ]n sI apcfo[c³ 9497184329

"G¦fv¡v h´v tkc-¯- sh-\bw GW-¯-hâv ]mdv !'

\n

a-em-hXn AXm-W-h-fpsS t]cv. IpSn-¸-f-fn-¡q-S-¯n (GIm-[ym-]I hnZ-ym-e-b-¯nÂ) \naem-h-Xn-bmbpw, \na-e-¡-bmbpw \naem-hXn Iq«m-fmbpw AhÄ ]Tn¨pw Ifn¨pw hfÀ¶p, kapZmb Nn«-¸Sn {]mb-]qÀ ¯n-bm-b-t¸mÄ ]T\w apS§n, {]mY-an-I-hn-Z-ym`-ymkw am{Xw e£yw h¨p-ff GIm-[-y-m-]-Ihn-Z-ym-e-b-§-fn CXn  IqSp-X ]T-\m-h-k cw D­m-bn-cp-¶-Xp-anÃ. IqSp-X ]Tn-¡-Wsa-¶p-ff Bi AhÄ ¡p-­m-bn-cp-¶p. ]t£ aIsf Häbv¡v Zqc-tZ-i¯p-hn«p ]Tn-¸n-¡m³ c£n-Xm-¡Ä¡v `b-ambn-cp-¶p. ]T\w apS- § n- b tXmsS A¸-\p-a-½-bv ¡p-sam¸w ImSp-tX-Sp¶-Xn¶pw hncp¸v the bv¡pw klm-bn-bmbn-¡q-Sn.

48

Infn¸ - m«v

(XpSÀ¨) Imew IS-¶p-t]mbn, CXn-\n-S-bn alnfmka-Jym {]hÀ¯-I-cpsS klm-b¯m XpSÀ]-T-\-¯n-¶p-ff Ah-kcw AhÄ¡v HXp-§n-¡n-«n. ImSp-hn«v \m«n-se-¯nb AhÄ¡v \msS¶ AÂ`p-X-temIw ImWp-¶-Xn\pw temI-cp-ambn Iq«p-tN-cp-¶-Xn-\pap-ff Ah-kcw e`n-¨p. \mS³ CS-]-g-I-en-eqsS Ah-fpsS Zn\-N-c-y-I-fn  ImX-emb amäw Xp-S §n H¸w Ah-fpsS t] cn-ep-ap-­mbn amäw, Im «nse \na-em-hXn \m«n  hna-e-bmbv Xnf§n, ]pXnb t]cn AhÄ ¡v A`n-am\w tXm¶n. bp ]n ¢mkv ]T\w ]qÀ ¯n-bm¡n AhÄ ssl kvIq-fn-tebv¡v I-S¶p. aIÄ¡v hnhml-{]m-bsa-¯nbn-cn-¡p¶p. C\nbpw XpSÀ¶p ]Tn-¸n-¡p¶-Xn AÀY-anÃ, c £n-Xm-¡Ä aIsf ho «n- t ebv ¡ v Iq«n- s ¡m­p-t]m-¶p. A[nIw Xmakn-bmsX Xs¶ AhfpsS hnhmlw \S¶p, hnhm-l-t¯msS AhÄ ]gb Im«p Pohn-X-¯n-te¡v Xncn-s¨¯n. ]t£ Ah-fpsS t]cn Hcp amähpw kw`-hn-¨n-Ã. `À¯m-hnsâ tImf-\n-bn hna-ebmbv Xs¶ ]cn-e-kn-¨p. tImf\n-bn B[mÀ AZm-e¯v \S-¡p¶p, `À¯m-hn-s\m¸w Ahfpw AZm-e-¯n ]¦m-fnbm-bn. B[mÀ Xncn-¨-dn-b ImÀUv ssIbn In«n-b-t¸mÄ IqSp-X IuXp-I-sam¶pw Ah Ä¡v tXm¶o-bn-cp-¶nÃ, ImcWw hfsc ap¼pXs¶ CseIvj³ Xncn-¨-dn-b ImÀUv e`n-¨n-cp-¶p. F¦nepw ]pXnb Xncn-¨-dn-b ImÀUv hfsc {i²m-]qÀhw AhÄ ]cn-tim-[n-¨p. ImÀUn ASn¨p-h-¶n-cn-¡p¶ hnae F¶ t]cn AhÄ¡v A`n-am\w tXm¶n. Xsâ c£n-Xm-¡Äs¡t´ Cu t]cn-Sm³ tXm¶n-bn-Ã. kaJ-y-bnse So¨-d-·m-tcmSv AhÄ¡v XoÀ¯m Xocm¯ \µnbpw IS-¸mSpw tXm¶n. \na-em-hXn t]cn-t\-¡mÄ F{X at\m-l-c-amWv hna-e-sb¶ t]cv. ]pXnb t]cn h¶ B[mÀ ImÀUv AhÄ c£n-Xm-¡-tfbpw ImWn-¨p. aI-fpsS ]pXnb t]cn AhÀ¡pw IuXp-Ihpw kwXr-]vXnbpw tXm¶n. C§n-s\mcp


ImSv km£n t]cn-s\-¡p-dn¨v X§-sft´ Nn´n¨n-Ã. c£nXm¡Ä ]ckv]cw t\m ¡n. EXp-¡Ä IS¶ps]mbvs¡m­n cp¶p, CXn¶nSbn AhÄ c­p Ipªp§fpsS A½bmbn. H¸w {]mcm_vZhpw IqSn. `À¯mhnsâ A [zm\w sIm­pam{Xw IpSpw_w ]p eÀ¯m\mhnömbt¸mÄ Ahfpw ]WnIÄ¡nd§n `À¯mhns\ k lmbn¨p h¶p. Cu Ahkc¯n almßmKm Ôn tZiob {KmaoW sXmgnepd¸v ]²Xnbnse sXmgnemfnIÄ¡pÅ thX\w _m¦v¡u­p hgnbm¡p¶ Xn\pÅ \S]SnIÄ kÀ¡mÀ Bcw `n¡pIbpw BbXntebv¡v _m¦ ¡u­v Xpd¡p¶Xn\mbn Bhiy s¸« tcJIÄ klnXw Ahfpw At]£ kaÀ]n¨p, \naemhXn bpsS Xncn¨dnbÂtcJIÄ ]cntim [n¨ _m¦v amt\PÀ c­v t]cpI fnepÅ Xncn¨dnbÂtcJIÄ Aw KoIcn¡m\mhnöpw AwKoIcn¡ Wsa¦n hntÃPv B^okn \n ¶pw h¬ Bâ vtkw kÀ«n^n¡äv lmPcm¡Wsa¶pw Adnbn¨p. h¬ Bâ vtkw kÀ«n^n¡äv hm§p¶Xn\pÅ {ia§fmbncp¶p ]n¶oSv. ]t£ \ncmibmbncp¶p ^ew. C\nsb´msWmcp ]cnlmcw,

Cse£³ Xncn¨dnb ImÀUnse \naemhXnt¸cv Xncp¯n hnaebm ¡pI. X§Ä¡v A\p{Klambn A\p hZn¨pIn«nb A£b C skâÀ hgn Cse£³ I½ojsâ t^mdw \¼À 8 hgn Xncp¯en\pÅ At]£ kaÀ]n¨p. I½ojsâ \nÀtZi{]Imcw _n F H At]£IbpsS `h\w kµ Àin¨v At\zjWw \S¯n. At\z jW¯n At]£IbpsS tdj³ ImÀUnse t]cpw \naemhXn. \nae sb¶p ]dªt¸mÄ \mS³ t]\ \naesb hnaebm¡n amän. \m«n \ns¶¯p¶ Fgp¯pImÀ¡v ]cn NnXamb t]cmIpt¼mÄ tIÄhn{` aw D­mhnÃtÃm. At¸mÄ tdj³ ImÀUnse \na emhXnt¸tcm? tdj³ ImÀUns\m ¸w Cu tcJIÄ lmPcmt¡­ kµÀ`w hcpt¼mÄ {]iv\amhntÃ! AhÄ H¶pw shf§msX A ´w hngp§nb Ip´s\t¸mse angv ¡vjvSym \n¶p. Hcp \naemhXnbn am{Xw HXp §p¶nà Im«p{Kma¯nse C¯cw {]iv\§Ä. _kph½sb¶ ]iph½bpw Imfkzmansb¶ Imekzmanbpw, ]n ¨m­nsb¶ ]n Nm­nbpw, ]qaXn sb¶ kvt\lbpw, iwJphXnsb¶v

a¡sâ aIÄ

AhfpsS ssIbn apfIps]mSnbp­v. aSn¡p¯n I¯nbpw, Acbn tXm¡pw. GXpt\chpw N´bneqsS AhÄ \S¶pt]mhpw. GgpImXw Fgp]XpImXw sXmgns¨dnbpw tIm«N´bnepw ]cnNap«pap¡nepw IqsS IqSnbhÀ tNmcXp¸nbs{X XpeªXv _¸\pw ]coXp]nÅbpw I®nÂs]SmsX AhfnÂ\n¶pw c£s¸«pht{X. Ihebnse Npa«pImcnbmbncp¶p a{´hmZn a¡sâ aIÄ. FhnsS Ipªp§Ä hni¶p Icªmepw sNt©mcNp­nte¡v ]mÂNpc¯phms\¯pw s]äv]¯mw]¡wIp«n acn¨XpapX a¡sâ aIÄ A§s\bmWv. ssIbn apfIps]mSnbpw I¯nbpw Ac¸«bnÂtXm¡pw AhfpsS lrZb \ndsb hmÂkeyhpap­v.

iwJqXnbpw iucnb½sb¶ Kucn b½bpw Nne DZmlcW§Ä am {Xw. t{Km{X P\XbpsS PohnXkm lNcyw amänsbSp¡p¶Xn\pw, Ah À¡v D¶XhnZym`ymkw \ÂIn Ah sc AdnhpÅhcpw hyànXzapÅh cmbpw amäp¶Xn\pw C¯cw {]hÀ ¯IcpsS {]hÀ¯\§fpw {]bXv \§fpw kzmKXmÀlw Xs¶. Im«n semXp§n¡gntb­p¶ Hcp P\X bà AhÀ. kaql¯n Häs¸«h cmbn¡gnbmsX apJy[mcbnte¡v htc­Xp­v. tKm{XmNmca\pkcn¨v kv{XoI Ä hoSpw ImSpambn HXp§n¡gnbp ¶hcpw hnZym`ymkw \ntj[n¡ s¸«hcpamWv. ChÀ¡v hnZym`ymk Aht_m[w \ÂIn apJy[mcbnte ¡v Iq«ns¡m­pt]mIm³ C¯cw {]hÀ¯IÀ¡v Hcp]cn[nhsc Ign ªn«p­v. Cu {]hÀ¯IÀ Ht¶mÀ¡pI Cu tKm{Xkaqls¯ apJy[mcbn te¡v Iq«ns¡m­pt]mbn Chcp sS PohnXNcybn ]p¯³ ]cn thj§Ä \ÂIpt¼mÄ, ChcpsS c£nXm¡Ä \ÂInbncn¡p¶ t]cpIÄ¡v ]p¯³ ]cnthj§Ä \ÂIn Cu P\Xsb IjvS¯nem ¡mXncn¡pI. (XpScpw...)

IhnX IhnX{]kmZv InS§¶qÀ

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

49


Infnsamgn tUm ]n tkXp-\m-Y³ 9387805522

tIfo-]m{Xw

"tI

fo-]m{Xw' Fs¶mcp A- \ p- j v T m- \ - s ¯- ¡ pdn¨v amtfm-cn F{X t]À tI«n-cn¡pw. hS-a-e-bm-fs¯ Hcp A\p-jvTm\-amWv "tIfo]m-{Xw'. {_Ò-l-Xym ]m]w XoÀ¡m³ {io]-c-ta-i-z-c³ sI «nb `n£mw-tZ-ln-bpsS thjw. {_ Òmhnsâ A©p-X-e-I-fn H¶v

50

Infn¸ - m«v

Iffw ]d-ª-Xn\v \pffn FSp¯v aq ¸sc \m·p-J-\m-¡nb inh-s]-cp-amfnsâ Ncn{Xw HmÀa-bp-­-tÃm. AXphgn IS¶p IqSnb ]m]-\n-hm-c-W¯n\v aq¸cv sI«nb `n£mw-tZ-ln-bm Wv A\p-jvTm-\-¯nsâ ImXÂ. `n £m-]m-{X-hp-ambn \m«n `n£-bmNn¨ s]cp-am-fn\v Xmbmcv A¶w hnf-¼nb IY hS-a-e-bm-fs¯ sNdpIp-¶nse A¶-]qÀW-bpsS Ncn-X¯n-ep-­v. inh-s]-cp-am-fns\`à-ymZ-c-§-tfmsS {]mÀY\m \nÀ`-c-ambn HmÀan-¡p-¶-XmWv Cu A\p-jvTm\w. IXn-tcm³ Db-cp-¶Xn\p ap¼v Ip f-¡-c-bn h¨mWv thjw sI«p-I. kÀ]-^-W-¯n apSn-sI«n, ]«p-Sp ¯v taemsI `kvaw ]qin Igp-¯n ]«p-dp-amep Npän Hcp ssIbn {_ Ò-tZ-hsâ \pf-fn-sb-Sp¯p Ifª Xe-tbm-Snsâ HmÀa-bn `n £m-]m{Xw G´n aWnbpw NqcÂh- S nbpw FSp¯v tIfo-]m{Xw Ducp-Np-äpw. thjw Agn-¡p-¶-Xp-h sc au\- { h- X - a m- b n- c n¡pw. IpSn-bn-S-I-fnse hoSp-IÄ Ibdn `n£ kzo-I-cn¨v I]m-e-]m-{X¯n- e m¡n D¨- t bmsS ]pd-s¸« Ipf-¡-c-bn F ¯n thjw Agn-¡pw. \ t¶ ]peÀt¨ Xs¶ Ducp-Np-ä  Bcw-`n-¡pw. ]Sn Ib-dp-¶Xv inhs]-cp-amÄ Bb-Xn-\m `à-ym-Z-c-§tfm-sS-bmWv ho«p-ImÀ tIfo-]m-{Xs¯ kzo-I-cn-¡p-I. Nne {Kma-§-fn  {][m\inh-t£-{X-¯n \n¶mbn-cn¡pw tIfo-]m{Xw ]pd-s¸-Sp-I. sIm«n-bqÀ s]cp-am-fpsS DÂk-h-Ime¯v tIme-¯p-\m-«nse {Kma-§Ä tIfo-]m-{X-s¯-s¡m­v \nd-ªn-cp¶p. Ct¸m-gpw inh-ssN-X-\yw \ndbp¶ Nne-n-S¯v Cu A\p-jvTm\w \S-¡p-¶p-­v. Imk-d-tKms« Ct¡cn \mbv¡·m-cpsS ]g-b-tIm-«-bmb Nn¯m-cnt¡m« Nn¯m-cn-¸p-g-tbm-c-¯m-bn-cp¶p. ]gb Aff-S-¯p-\m-Snsâ AXn

cv Nn¯m- c n- ¸ p- g - t bm- c - a m- b n- c p- ¶ p. tImc-¸pg apX Nn¯m-cn-¸p-g hsc bpff cmP-y-¯nsâ DS-a-bmb tIme¯n-cn-¯-¼p-cmsâ Ncn-{X-hpw Xncn-¨dn-bn³. X¼p-cmsâ X«-I-¯m-bn-cp ¶p ae-bm-f-¯-\n-a-bpsS \nd-Ip-S-am b IrjvW-KmY ]nd-¶p-ho-WXv F ¶pw HmÀan-¡n³. B X¼p-cm-\mWv inhs]cp-am-fnsâ Bcm-[-\-bv¡mbn Imk-d-tKms« cmh-Wo-i-z-c¯v s] cpw-Xr-t¡m-hn-ep-IÄ \nÀan¨v s]cpamsf IpSn-bn-cp-¯n-b-Xv. s]m¶¼v cmsâ ssih-ssh-jvW-h-aX ka-\-z b hgnbpw HmÀ¡n³. ½¡v inh-s]-cp-am-fnsâ tIfo-]m{X-¯n-te¡p hcmw. Cu A\p-jvTm \w tbmKo-hw-io-b-cmb "iwJn«-Kp-cp¡-·mÀ' F¶ Iq«-cmWv BZn-bn BN-cn-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. Cu tbmKn-I-fn Hcp hn`m-K-amWv sNdp-Ip-¶n-e-½-bp sS ]cn-Nm-c-IÀ. ChÀ {Kma-¯nse hoSp-I-fn Ibdn Cd§nbmWv sNdp-Ip-¶n-te¡v hgn-]m-Sp-IÄ k-zoI-cn-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. Xfn-¸-d-¼nse cmPm[n-cm-P-s]-cp-amfpw sNdp-Ip-¶n-e-½ bpw X½n-ep-ff _Ô-h-gn-Ifpw Chn sS HmÀ¡mw. Hcp tIme-¯ncn¯¼p-cmsâ tI fo-]m-{Xs¯ ]co-£n¨v am¸p tNmZn ¨ sFXn-l-yhpw hS-a-e-bm-f-¯p-­v. Nnd-bv¡Â tImhn-e-I¯v AXn-cm-hn se h¶p-I-b-dnb tIfo-]m-{Xs¯ hnf-¡p-h¨p kzo-I-cn¨ sI«n-e½ ssI\n-dsb `n£ \ÂIn. X¼p-cm s\ BioÀh-Zn¨v tIfo-]m{Xw ]oT¯n Ccp-¶p. X¼p-cm\v Hcp Ip krXn tXm¶n. At±lw tNm-Zn¨p "tbmKo-i-z-c\v tXmWn-bn-ÃmsX hf]-«Ww ]pg IS-¡mtam'? X¼p-cm sâ hew-ssI-bmb If-cn-hm-Xp-¡Â henb Ipdp¸v XmWp-sXm-gpXv At]£n-¨p. "s]m¶pS-btX! s]mÃm-hN\w th­. B]-¯m-Ipw'. X¼p-cm ³ Iq«m-¡n-bn-Ã. t\cnb ]p©n-cn-bn  Kpcp-¡Ä Fgp-t¶-äp. NqcÂh-Sn bpw aWnbpw FSp-¯p. hf-]-«Ww ]pg-bnse shf-f-¯n-eqsS \S¶v adpI-c-bn-se¯n X¼p-cms\ A¼-c-¸n¨p. hf-]-«Ww ]pg I­n-«p-ff am tfmcv A´w-hn-Spw. inh-`-à-\mb


Infnsamgn X¼p-cm³ Kpcp-¡-fpsS ap¶n {]Wan-¨p. AXnsâ HmÀa-bv¡m-bn-«m-W t{X Nnd-bv¡se hen-b-Ipfw X¼pcm³ Nn«-s¸-Sp-¯n-bXv F¶pw sF Xn-l-yw. hS-¡³ Kpcp-hm-bqÀ F¶p s]cpa s]ä IS-embn IrjvW t£ {X-¯nse IrjvW s]cp-am-fpsS `à\pw Zmk-\p-amb Nnd-bv¡Â hen-b-X-¼p-cm³ inh-s]-cp-am-fnsâ `à-\m-bXpw Cu hgn-bn-em-W-t{X. sFs¼-cp-am-fnSw F¶v tIme¯p-\m-Sn\v t]cp-­mb hgnbpw Im

Wn³. ]¿-¶qÀ kp{_-Ò-Wy s]cpamÄ, Xfn-¸-d¼p cmPm-[n-cmP s]cpamÄ, Xr¨w-_-c¯p _me-Ir-jvWs]-cp-amÄ, Xncp-h-§m«p {iocm-a-N-{µs]-cp-amÄ, sIm«n-bqÀ alm-tZ-h-s]cp-amÄ F¶o s]cp-am-f-·m-cpsS ]p W-y-`-q-an-bmWv tIme-¯p-\m-Sv. ]gb sFs¼-cp-am-fn-Sw F¶ \mSv. I®n adp-Ip-ff sNdp-Ip-¶n-e-½bpw amSmbn-¡m-hn-e-¨n-bmb Xncp-hÀIm-«-½ bpw IS-embn IrjvW-s]-cp-am\pw Imªn-c-§ms« sshZ-y-\m-Y-s]-cp-am

\nan¯am{Xw Xh khykmNn³

\pw Cu s]cp-am-fn-S-¯n h¶p IqSn-b-h-cm-Wv. Ch-cpsS Ncn{Xw A]-{K-Yn-¡p-t¼mÄ ae-\m-«n Dd-hh-ämsX \ne-\n¶ ssih-ssh-jvW h aX ka-\-zb\¯nsâbpw kÀh-aX-km-tlm-Z-c-y-¯nsâbpw ASn-¯d D×-bm-Ipw. AXnsâ {]Xo-I-ambn C¶pw \nd-hmÀ¶p \n¡p¶ A\pjvTm-\-amWv tIfo-]m-{Xw. tIfo-]m{X-¯nsâ D× sXfn-¨-am-Ip-t¼mÄ \nd-hm-Ip¶ hni-z-kvt\-l-¯nsâ hgn-IÄ hgn-tb Xpd-¶p-Im-Wmw.

IhnX ]n \mcmbW¡pdp¸v

"assb ssh tX \nlXm: ]qÀh tah' (Chscms¡bpw, F¶m¯s¶, t\ct¯ Xs¶, sImÃs¸«ncn¡p¶p) (`KhXvKoX þ 11þ33) C¶mWv an¶Â t]mse s]mcpsf¶pÅnÂs¸«p I®m! \o hnc Nq­nþ s¨mÃnb hmKÀY¯n AsXmcp ]gw IY am{Xsat¶mÀ¯q aqV³ A[p\mX\w Xs¶þ I®n\m It­³ ap¶nÂ. t]cpamdnsb¶mepw IYbv¡nÃtÃm amäw kmcYnbpsS aµþ kvanX¯n\nÃm tIm«w. "Chscms¡' F¶p \o Nq­n¡m«ntbmÀIsf \ncbmbv Im¬ta³ þ FÃmw C¶nsâ t\Xm¡³amÀ! IÀtWP]³amÀ Im«pþ *"X¤p'IÄ, sshtZinIþ IÀW³amÀ, iIp\nIÄ, KmÔmcan{X§fpw IncoSapd¸nt¸mÀ, sXm¸nIÄ [cn¡pthmÀ Cd¡paXn {_n«³ Cäen¸uc³amcpw "_o^v s^Ìn' _ncpZ¡mÀ, **BX¦ hmZ¯nsâ {]oXn¡mbv AhmÀUpIÄ aS¡ns¡mSp¸hÀ, Ihn KÀPnX¯n\m hmbpsh Zpjn¸nt¸mÀ,

Ifhp apX sIm­p "¢mkn¡p' XoÀ¡p¶hÀ, tImgsb _mdm¡nbpw _msd t¡mgbm¡nbpw tImSnIÄ sImbvtXdp¶p \nt£]{]hWcpw a{´tImhnZÀ, _lp a{´namÀ, D]tZio hrµhpw N{´¡mcpw A¡mZaoi³amcpw, ChÀ X³ Nhpt«äp ]nSbpw a\pjycpw ihIq\bpamsW³ ap¶nse ¡pcpt£{Xw "assb sshtX \nlXw ]qÀhtah \nan¯am{Xw Xh khykmNn³' "\nan¯amhm³ thWw khykmNn tl, \n§þ sfmcp¯³ hcq' þ `hm³ IÂ]n¨XnXp Xmt\m!

* sImÅkwL§Ä ** sSddnkw

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

51


kn²marXw tUm hnt\m_v hÀKokv drvinob@gmail.com

IÀ¡-SIw

]p\-cp-Öoh-\-¯n\v {]Ir-Xn-bpsS hmXm-b\w

I

À¡-SI amk-am-sb¶v am\-h-cm-insb HmÀas¸Sp-¯p-¶Xv CS-X-S-hnÃm¯ agbpw, Huj-[-kp-KÔw \nd-ªv \n¡p¶ Zn\-cm-{X-§-fp-amWv. tIc-fo-b-cpsS ]mc-¼-c-y-¯n ]­p-Imew apXÂt¡ \nd-ªv -\n¡p¶ ioe-amWv IÀ¡-SI Imes¯ kn² BbpÀthZ NnInÂkbpw hnhn[ Iq«pIÄ sIm­p-ff acp¶v Iªn tkh-bpw. tcmK-{]-Xn-tcm[ tijn Ipdªv tcmK¯nsâ ImTn-\yw IqSp¶ Cu ka-b¯v tcmKw hcm-Xn-cn-¡p-hm-\p-ff Hcp-¡¯nsâ Hcp Ime-amWv IÀ¡-S-Iw. ico-c-¯n {]tX-y-In¨v Akp-J-sam¶pw CsÃ-¦nÂIqSn, IÀ¡-SI NnInÂk sNbvXv ico-cs¯ kzm-Ø-y-¯n-te¡v \bn-¡Ww F¶ Nn´m-KXn ]p¯³ Xe-ap-d-bn-te¡pw ]IÀ¶p \ÂI-s¸-Sp-IbmWv.

IÀ¡SI NnInÂk F¶m F´v? BNm-c-y-·mÀ kqcysâ Ne-\s¯ ASn-Øm-\-am¡n Ime-§sf c­mbn Xncn¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. (i) D¯-cm-b-\-Imew (ii) Z£n-Wm-b-\-Imew (i) D¯-cm-b-\-Imew D¯c-Zn-i-sb-¶m hS¡v Zni-sb¶pw Ab\w F¶m bm{X F¶pw AÀYw. D¯-cm-b-\-Im-e-L-«-¯n kqc-y³ `qan-bpsS hS¡v Zni-bn-te¡v k©-cn-¡pw. aI-c-kw-{Im´n apX IÀ¡-SIkw{Im´n hsc-bp-ffIme-amWv D¯-cm-b-\Imew (D-t±iw P\p-hcn 14 apX Pqsse 16 hsc). Cu Ime-L-«-¯nse AX-yp{K-amb NqSv `qan-bnse Pemw-is¯ hen-s¨-Sp-¡p-Ibpw AXv aqew `qan-bnse kÀh-Po-h-Pm-e-§Ä¡pw t]mj-I-Ip-dhv kw`-hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. a\p-j-y-i-

52

Infn¸ - m«v

9995976769

D¯-cm-b-\-Ime-L-«-¯nse AX-yp-{K-amb NqSv `qan-bnse Pemw-is¯ hen-s¨-Sp-¡p-Ibpw AXpaqew `qan-bnse kÀh-Po-h-Pm-e-§Ä¡pw t]mj-I-Ip-dhv kw`-hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. kqc-y-Xm]w D¨-¯n \n¶ D¯-cm-b-\-Im-e¯v, Huj-[-ho-c-yhpw, HmPÊpw \jvS-s¸-«n-cp-¶ hr£-eXm-Zn-IÄ Z£n-Wm-b-\- Ime¯v XfnÀ¡p-Ibpw Huj-[-ho-c-yhpw, HmPÊpw hÀ[n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. co-c-¯n \n¶pw DuÀPw {]Ir-Xn-bnte¡v BZm\w sN¿-s¸-Sp¶ Imeam-b-XvsIm­v CXn-s\ BZm-\-Im-esa¶pw ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. (ii) Z£n-Wm-b-\-Imew IÀ¡-SI kw{Im´n apX aI-c-kw{Im´n hsc-bp-ff Ime-L-«-amWv Z£n-Wm-b-\-Im-ew. Z£n-Wm-b-\-Ime¯v ]Sn-ªm-d³Imäv `qan-bn-te¡v hoip-Ibpw, hÀj-Imew Bcw-`n-¡pIbpw `qan \¶mbn XWp-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. kqc-y-Xm]w D¨-¯n \n¶ D¯-cm-b-\-Im-e¯v, Huj-[ho-c-yhpw, HmPÊpw \jvS-s¸-«n-cp-¶ hr£-eXm-Zn-IÄ Cu Ime¯v XfnÀ ¡p-Ibpw Huj-[-ho-c-yhpw, HmPÊpw hÀ[n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. {]Ir-Xnbn \n¶pw a\p-j-y-i-co-c¯nte¡v _e-amÀPn-¡p¶-þIme-am-b-Xn-\m CXns\þhnkÀK-Im-e-sa¶pwþhnfn¡p-¶p.


kn²marXw D¯-cm-b\þZ-£n-Wm-b\ kÔn D¯-cm-b\Imes¯ th\-en aen-\-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ a\p-j-y-i-cocw Z£nWm-b\Imes¯ hÀ-jm-cw-`-¯n s]s«-¶p-ff Imem-hØ amäw Imc Ww {XntZm-j-§Ä Zpjn¨v IqSp-X aen-\-s¸-Sp-Ibpw tcmK-{]-Xn-tcm-[tijn Ipdªv, ico-c-_ew, Zl-\-ck-§-fpsS {]hÀ¯\w CsXÃmw aµo-`-hn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. ico-c¯nse D]m-]-Nb {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä Gä-hp-a-[nIw ZpÀ_-e-am-Ip¶ ka-bamWv IÀ¡-S-Iw. IÀ¡-SI NnInÂk F´n\v? IÀ¡SI NnInÂk-bn Gähpw A [n-I-ambn ]d-ªp-tIÄ¡p¶ ]Z-§fmWv kpJ-Nn-InÂkbpw ]©-IÀaNn-InÂkbpw. ico-c-I-e-Isf ]p\-cpÖo-hn-¸n¨v k]vX-[m-Xp-¡sf ]cnt]m-jn-¸n¨v, tcmK-{]-Xn-tcm-[-tijn hÀ[n-¸n¨v, ico-c-¯n\pw a\-Ên\pw im´n \ÂIm-\p-X-Ip¶XmWv kpJNn-InÂk. F¶m ha\w, hntc-N \w, \kyw, hkvXn, cà-tam£w F ¶o ]©-IÀa-§Ä IÀ¡-S-I-¯n A{X hym-]-I-ambn sN¿m-dn-Ã. F ¶m tcmK-¯n-\-\p-k-cn¨v tcmKn¡v Bh- i - y - a mbn hcp- I - b m- s W- ¦ n CXv sN¿m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. NnInÂk Bh-i-y-ap-ff tcmKnbpsS ico-c-L-S\, {XntZm-j-§-fpsS Gä-¡p-d-¨n-ep-IÄ, tcmK-¯nsâ kz`mhw, tcmK-Xo-{hX F¶nh IW-¡nse-Sp-¯mWv NnInÂkm-{Iaw Nn«s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xv. AXp-sIm-­p-Xs¶ Hmtcm hy-àn-bp-sSbpw NnInÂkm{I-a-¯n hy-X-ymkw hcmw. IÀ¡-SI- Nn-InÂk sN¿p-hm³ Gähpw D¯-a-amb kabw anYp\w IÀ¡-SI amk-am-Wv. IÀ¡-S-I-¯nse hnhn-[-§-fmb NnInÂkm{]{In-b-IÄ: A`ywKw icocam-k-Iew F®-bn«v Xncp-ap-¶Xns\ A`ywKw F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. tcmKn-sbbpw tcmK-s¯bpw B{ibn¨v D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ F®-bn hyX-ymkw hcpw. tkz-Z\w icocs¯ hnbÀ]n-¡p¶ NnInÂkbmWv CXn sN¿p-¶-Xv. ico-c ¯nse tZmj-§sf hnbÀ]n¨v ]pdwX-f-fp¶ coXn-bm-Wn-Xv. Ce-¡ngn, s]mSn-¡ngn XpS-§nb hnhn-[-§-fm b {Inb-IÄ CXn AS-§n-bn-cn-¡p¶p.

IÀ¡-S-I-Iªn \ap-¡v ho«n X¿m-dm¡mw IÀ¡-S-I-Iªn þ1 Rhc Acnþ250 gm, Dephþ25 gm, Xncp-Xmfn, Dgnª, Ipdp-t´m«n, Bimfn, iX-Ip¸, aªÄ F¶nh 10 gm hoXw s]mSn-¨-Xv. PocIw, PmXn¡, PmXn]{Xn Ch s]mSn-¨-Xv 10 gm. Deph Hcp-Zn-hkw ap³]v IpXn-cm³ hbv¡pI. IpXnÀ¶ Dep-hbpw Rhc- A-cnbpw ]ip-hn³]mentem tX§m-]m-entem thhn-¡p-I. \¶mbn sh´Xn\p tijw aäv acp-¶p-IÄ s]mSn-¨Xv tNÀ¡p-I. Bh-i-y-¯n\v D¸pw, thW-sa-¦n Icn-s¸-«nbpw tNÀ¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. IÀ¡-S-I-Iªn þ2 Rhc- Acnþ250 gm, Deph, Gew, PocIw, aÃn, s]cpw-Po-cIw, Np¡v, Icp©o-cIw, PmXn¡, {Km¼q, aªÄ, Dgnª, Xgp-Xma, Ipdp-t´m«n, IcnwIp-dpªn Ch s]mSn-¨Xv Hcp Sokv]q¬. sNdp-]-bÀ, tKmX¼v (]n-fÀ¶-Xv)-þ2 Sokv]q¬, Ac-I¸v ]mÂ, Ac-I¸v tX§m-]mÂ, 1 Sokv]q¬ s\¿v, 2 sNdnb Dffn, Bh-i-y-¯n\v D¸pw Icn-s¸«n-bpw. Ch apd-{]-Imcw Iªn h¨v Ign-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. [mc icoc-¯n sNdp-Nq-Sp-ff F®-tbm, Ijm-btam \nÝnX t\c-t¯¡v XpSÀ¨bmbn ico-c-¯n {]tbm-Kn-¡p¶ coXn-bmWv [mc. ]ngn-¨n Igp¯pw Xebpw Hgn-sI-bp-ff `mK-§-fn XpSÀ¨-bmbn acp-s¶® {]tbm-Kn¡p¶Xns\ ]ngn-¨n F¶p ]d-bp-¶p. intcm-hkvXn Xebn acp-s¶® \nÝnX ka-b-t¯¡v seXÀ _m³Uv D]tbm-Kn¨v sI«n \nÀ¯p¶ coXn. incÊv kw_-Ô-amb tcmK-§Ä¡v CXv D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¶p. Rh-c-¡ngn icoc-¯n\v _ehpw ]pjvSnbpw \ÂIn ]p\-cp-Öo-h-\-¯n-te¡v \bn-¡p¶ NnInÂkbmWv Rh-c-¡n-gn. CXv {XntZm-j-§sf k´p-en-Xm-h-Ø-bn B¡p¶p. XpSÀ¨-bmbn Ggv Znhkw CXv sNt¿-­-Xp-­v. IÀ¡-S-I-¯nse Blm-c-co-Xn-IÄ IÀ¡S-I-¯n I«n-bp-ff Blmcw Hgn-hm¡n eLp Blm-c-io-e-amWv th­Xv. P¦v ^pUv, Sn³^pUv hnhn-[-Xcw ioXf]m\o-b-§Ä F¶nh Dt]-£n-¡p-I. amwkm-lm-c-§Ä Ipd¨v, `£-W-¯n ]¨-¡-dn-IÄ DÄs¸-Sp-¯p-I. F® ]elm-c-§Ä, t_¡dn km[-\-§Ä F¶nh Hgn-hm¡n ]g-§Ä DÄs¸-Sp-¯p-I. Ing-§p-hÀK-§Ä Hgn-hm-¡n-bm hmbp hÀ[n-¡p-¶Xv XS-bm³ km[n-¡pw. sNdp-]-bÀ Iªn Znh-khpw Ign-¡p-¶Xv \Ã-Xm-Wv. IÀ¡-S-I-Iªn 20 hbÊp Ignª GXp {]mb-¡mÀ¡pw Znh-khpw Hcp t\ct¯ {][m\ Blm-c-ambn IÀ¡-SIIªn Ign-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. AXv {]`mX `£-W-ambn Ign-¨m D¯-a-am-bn-cn-¡pw. 7 Znhkw apX Hcp amkw hsc-bp-ff Ime-b-fhn CXv Ign-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. hni¸v hÀ[n-¸n-¡p-¶Xpw Zln-¡m³ {]bm-k-anÃm¯ hn`-h-am-b-XpsIm­pw IÀ¡-S-I-Iªn Ign-¡p-¶Xv Btcm-K-ys¯ {]Zm\w sN¿p-¶p. IÀ¡S-I-sa-¶m \½psS ico-c-¯nsâ ]p\-cpÖo-h-\-¯n\p th­n {]IrXn Xpd¶pX-cp¶ hmXm-b-\-amWv. apd-{]-Im-c-ap-ff NnInÂkbpw ]Y-y-{I-a§fpw hn{i-ahpw A\p-jvTn-¨m \½psS ico-c-¯nse buÆ\w \ne-\n¡psa¶v BbpÀthZ BNm-c-y-·mÀ ]d-bp-¶p. Cu {]{Inb \ap¡v a\-Ên\pw ico-c¯n\pw ]pXn-sbmcp DWÀhpw XpSÀ¶pff Pohn-X-¯n Akm-am-\y IÀa-tijnbpw HmPÊpw \ÂIp-¶p. (XpScpw...)

BKÌv 2016 Infn¸ - m«v

53


Nm¯\nkw _nPp s_Â BÀSvkv bijubellart@yahoo.com

F´m amjv... ]{X-¯n hmÀ¯-IÄ...

ASn... ]nSn... ]«n-I-Sn...AXmSm... hmÀ¯-IÄ...

cmhnse ]{Xw ImWp-t¼mÄ Xs¶ t]Sn-bm-hp-I-bm... amjv...

AXv... AÂ`pXw Xs¶... amjv...

FSm... Hcp amk-ambn IS-ensâ \Sp¡v AI-s¸« c­p-t]À Xncn-s¨-¯n-sb-¶v... ]{X-{]-hÀ¯-IÀ¡v C³j-z-d³kv... CtÃ... amjv...

]{Xw hcp-¯p-¶-hÀ¡m-Sm... C³j-z-d³kv...

F¶m Rm³... ]{Xw \nÀ¯m³ t]mhp-I-bm...

AXnepw AÂ`pXw sslt¡m-S-Xn-bn t]mb ]{X-{]-hÀ¯-IÀ Poh-t\msS Xncns¨-¯n-b-Xm-Sm...

Hcp-e-£w... apXÂ... c­pe£w hsc-bm-Sm... C³j-z-d³kv...

Cu h¡o-e-·mÀ IqSp-Xepw Ia-yq-Wn-Ìp-Im-cmtWm... amjv...

9995090873

F´m-Sm... Imc-yw...

A{X¡v A]-I-S-Im-cn-bmtWm amjv... CXv...

AsX...-Sm... BSns\ ]«n-bm-¡pw.... ]«nsb... ]q¨-bm-¡pw...

]{X-¡mÀ¡v... ]mSs¯ ]Wn¡v h¡o-e-·mÀ...-h-c-¼¯p Xs¶... Iqen sIm-Sp-¯p.

\o \nÀ¯n-bmepw CsÃ-¦nepw ]{X-¡mÀ tImSXn apä¯v Ib-dp-¶Xv tImS-Xn-Xs¶ hne-¡n-bn-«p-­v...

Infn¸m«v hcnkwJym \nc¡v C³Uybn Hcp hÀjw aq¶p hÀjw

hntZi¯v

` 150/-

US$ 40/-

` 450/-

US$ 150/-

A©p hÀjw ` 750/US$ 175/_b³Up sNbvX ap³e¡§Ä þ {]XnhÀjhmeyw C³Uybn ` 150/þ hntZi¯v US$ 40

hcnkwJy Im\dm_m¦v aW¡mSv imJ A¡u­v No: 2906101002334 te¡v Abbv¡mw

aWnHmÀUÀ / Un Un / XpI F¯nt¡­ hnemkw : FUnäÀ, Infn¸m«v Xp©³kvam-cIw, sFcmWnap«w, aW¡mSv ]n.H., Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw 695009. t^m¬: 0471--2457473, 2456575

Mail us: kilippattu@gmail.com

Printed, published, edited and owned by T. G. Harikumar published from Thunchan Smaraka Samithi, Airanimuttom, Manacaud P.O., Thiruvananthapuram - 695 009 and printed at Aradhana Printers, Pangode,Thiruvananthapuram.

Kilippattu august 2016  
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you